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The Islander Oct 14, 1911

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Array M_-^  uJiaCirxj^    f.
f]f' ^  _" ^
<r
OCT 2::
" \
A New Stock of
Umbrellas Sc Rainproof Coats for th**
wet weather, at
CAMPBELL BROS.
Wj
$
°?'A, B. C
THC ISLANDER
Watson's
Unshrinkable und-
derwear for ladies
and children at
CAMPBELL  BROS.
N... 72
NEW MINISTERS
ARE ANNOUNCED
THE ISLANDEH, CUMBERLAND, B.C., .SATURDAY, OCT.. 14   1911
'till
Mr. Martin Burrell To
Represent British
Columbia.
OTTAWA,—The personnel of the
Borden cabinet has been unofficially an
nounced, and although the different
portfolios have not yet been arranged
the cabinet representatives from eaoh
provjnceare known.
The new administration will be composed as follows:
Maritime provinces—R.*L. Borden
and Hon. J. D. Hazen.
Quebec—F. D. Monk. Hon. L. P.
Pelletier. W. B. Nantel, Oeorge H.
Perley and Hon. C. J. Doherty.
Onbnrio—Hon, Frank Cochrane, W.
T. White, Hon Oeorge E. Foster, W.
8. Midillebro, Andrew Broder and J.
E, Armstrong.
West—Hon. Robert Rogers, Dr. W.
J. Roche and Murtiu Burrell.
Thk Iblandkr is authoritatively informed that the census of Canada
will show a total population falling
short of the eight million mark promised by the Into government. The returns
have been practically completed- Full
figures from ouilying parte of the country are yet to come in and in the meantime a system of double checking ie in
progress iu tho bureau of census statist ies.
The total will probably be aeven
and ti half instead of eight million. The
eight millions prediction wns baaed
upon the assumption thst all the immigrants brought to Canada liy the
Lnurier government in ten yeara have
beeu staying in tho country and that
there Ims l«en no leakage. The immigration of Canadisns to the United
States was declared to have been stopped It now appears that this emigration has been more or less con
tinuous, and that moreover many of
the immigrants brought over under the
Laurier system have uaed this counr y
only as a place nf call and are now cit •-
zens of the Americrn Republic.
NEW CABINET 18 COMPLETED
Ottawa—Mr. Borden has completed his cabinet. He drove out to Ridesu
Hall, submitted the Hit to the Governor General and rrceived Hit Excellency's approval.
The list is as follows:
It. L. Borden, Premier and President
ef the council.
Martin Burrell minister of agricul
ture
Ur. J. D. lieid.ininister of customs.
W. T. White, minister of finance.
W. B. Nantel, minister uf i laud rev
enue.
Hon. Hubert Rogers, ministor of the
interior.
Hon. C. J. Doherty, minister of jus-
ice.
T. W. Croihers, ministor of laiior.
Hon J. I' lluzi'ii, mill sier of marine
ami lishei ies.
Colonel Ham Hughes, minister f militia.
L. P. Pelletier. post master general.
F. D Monk, minister uf public mirk
Hon. Frank Cochrane, minister of
railway and canals \
Dr. W. J. Roche lecn .ary of state,
Hon, Oeorge E. Foster, minster of
trade and commerce.
A. E. Kemp, Oeorge R. Perley i nd
Senator J. A. Luughead minister without porttfulio.
A seat iii the cabinet was offered to
Rodlpbo Forget of Montreal, who de
clined it for the same being, aa the
granting of the cerit ficate to Ia* Banque
Internationale, in which he has a large
interest, will come Under consideration
by the government.
All it cost to join the order of Lions
is $5.00.
Don't forget lo see the Linn Organ
iter ut McKinnell store and give him
your application for the order of Lions,
SPORTING NOTES
OF INTEREST
What Is Doing In Local Sporting
Circles
It ii rumoured around the town
that a. well known business man in this
town is going toencourage horseraeing
in the near future, He was greatly
impressed with that feature of the
Courtenay Fair .and it is quite possible
that Cumberland will soon be on the
Orand Circuit.
Bannerman the crack mile of Cum-
berland has changed his occupation,
and now can he found dispensing the
finest of Candies and Fruits at Mc
Leods Candy store.
Cumlierlaiid has been admitted to
the B. C, League after much discussion. The boys have to play the Ilrst
three games away from home, which
will be quite a trial for tbem, and local
football fans will await the outcome of
theae games with great expectations.
The boys are all out working hard and
wilh the management, the team has
thoy should make good both financially
and on the playing field.
There will be a benefit gamo iu aid ■ f
the hospital this afternoon, The 81 am
rocks and No. 6 will clash in the first
game of the season and the team to
represent Cumberland in the B. C
League will be picked from these plui
ers playing in to-day's game, Praotim
and consisting practice is what the team
will require, and it behooves every
player un the teams to sink ull their
little differences and get in and play
tlieir game for all that is iu them, Cum
berland has not the same chance lu
draw players from the City L-ngues u>
other places hate, and every player
may be called liefore the end of tin
season, as tie re nre alwiivs men injin /
el and hii.leven u in e gentle gilllli/
than football and every player show
keep himself in s ape fur >uch a l_„
titigency. /
Subscription price $1.50 per year
Eagles Take Notice. ,
The pictures that wer Uk.n „n th
day of the First Annual Pic-nic, 8re now
resdy and can he had frum Jamea H.
Rowan, the Photographer. The dela
io fatting them out was caused through a
delayed shipment of Phut. Suu,p|iBa. Ah
those wbo hava ordered any ai-e requested
to call for same at Mc Leods cjaudy store.
I
■■ '■ 7jj-i.r.r.-.i.n.r---
/
Correspondence.
Meeting Held For Purpose of Discussing
Cement Sandwalks
A publio meeting oalled by the Mayor
was held last Tuesday ovoning to consider the matter uf putting down cement
sidewalks on Dunsmuir Avenue.
The meeting was called by the Mayor
as an ad of courtesy towards the citizens
and enlist tlieir co operation iu improving their cily,
As per usual there was the ordinary
objects tu any improvement ; oue speaker was particularly deficient in that gentlemanly oourtesy that is usually manifest
ed in speaking uf the City's Chief Magistrate, who ls always supposed tu be
mated with the respect due tu his office.
After consideration of the business in
hand, it was moved by Mr. E. Bickle,
seoouded by Mr. W. T. White, that
the City Council be requested to introduce a By law for laying cement side
walks un eaoh side of Dunsmuir Avenue from First to Fifth Streets, on the
lucal improvement plan, which was car.
ned.
A petitiun had been received signer.!
hy three-fuurths of the property holders
ou the avenue in favor of evimeiit
walks.
lt was stated that tho Canadian Collieries (late Dunainuir) had kiudly oun-
soi.ied tu give all the t_,ud al,d gravel
required free of charge.
ORANGE YOUNG
'RAIL
Annual     Masquerade Outfit Confiscated By
RAID ON
JPI1 JOINT
HORSES FOR SALE.
Ouebay mar«, and one sorrel mare,
alio wagon (littlo userl) and harness; the
lot $400, ohfopest buy of the day, also
•ne bay unjire, fuur years uld, not bruken
«nd colfc cult by Champion Hackney
liorse §250, ..len bay horso, six years • Id
17 bauds, harness and almost new buggy
I3fi0. Can be seen any time t>y appium
"'"lit. Apply, Bates & Hardy, Auctioneers, Cuurtenay.
m^*i» ■ i ■ i  ■—^^ ■ ■ ■ ftfxjwsnirii paj
Editor Tim Isuniikk   '
Sir:—Will you kiie.||}. pu|,|is! ihe
following and oblige tlL uudersigneri:
To the Unworthy Orand High   Potentate Hard Knockeriand to ull men
lars of the ancient otiliuly order  am
tribn of kimeke s.       ,
During thr p si fo* ,)ayi the mem
bersof ibealaive tri «, una to iheir un
clean habits, have lieeA ,|„ ngsnnie ban
If.looking against mil Benevolent Pr
todive  lini. pen. en tl Older of   Liu v
which is now fi iuL „ ,|lls rj, ,,  f i
which knocking the aLdorsigned is truly
thankful "Bvery k-noo|, „ . b,^;.
every knocker add.,, f„,h Candidal o
to the ever-incteasinjj |j„t,
T., tho member ol fhesbove-ui. nu u .
Unworthy Trio* who _,l,Wr» the greatest
number of unworthy! i^k, durijl)( rte
mouth will reoeiv»ailpiW)did prise whir h
will be a Tn, Pound | fcUmmer positively
guareoeed to ki-ock if,,, ;jie,
Oerum .nlirprisiigl Km*Seis reporting
that I am giving nieLburs free entrance
to persuade tbem to i0j„, Thi, i ,.mphK.
ticallydeuy s'dihe kj, okerawho o .nineuy
way prove tneircun (.mptibh, allegations
will receive from thL nndersigueu the
•nm of 800.00 as a Libitantiai reward
for Ihe pryving thaif , knookcr can tell
thc troth, forouoe In their lives.
Chas, S. Murrii
Organiser
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
Nob Hill School.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender fur Sohuul huuse.Nub Hill,"
will be received by the Huimurable the
Minister of Public Works up to ll!
u'cluck noun of Friday, the 27th dsy oi
Doiuber, 101], fur the erectiuu aud completion uf a small one-room frame schuul
nuuse at Nob Hill, iu thu Ciinux Elec
toral Diatrict, B. C.
Plans,    specifics!hns,   contract,   anu
t'oruis uf tenders may be seen on and af
ter the 7th day of Ootober, 1911, at the
dices of Walrur Gage, Esq.. Secretary
oflheSoh oi Boaid, 0 x, B. (! ; tin
Oovernment Agent, Cumberland, B.C ;
a'd the Department ol Public Works,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Each proposal must I'.- aocumpanled
by an accepted hank cheque or certiti
cate uf depntit un a chartered bank uf
Canada, made payaldu tn ihe Honour-
,ble the Mini tnr of Public Works, lor
the sum of $1260, a Inch shall bu toi fell i d
il the parly tendering decline to enter
int contract when called upon to do so,
or if he fall to colii|-lule the w. ik contracted fur. The cheiju-a or certifiuatis
t di posit <f unsuccessful lelideiuis aili
oe returned to tneui upon tlio exu
oil ion of lhe contract.
Tenders will nut b considered unless
mado out un the forms supplied, signed
.ith the actual signature of ttie tenderer,
aud enclosed in the envelopes furnished.
The lowest or any tender uot ueceaaar
ily accepted.
.1. E  GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Public Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, Octobor oth, 1911.
ocH oc27
Next Friday
Night
The Masquerade Ball to lie given by
the Young Britons on next Friday evening, promises to be better than ever.
The committee in charge are sparing
uo pains to make the affair the rnosten
joyable yet.Programs are being printed
with a splendid list of prizes * glance
ul which will he the means of inducing
a large number to try their luck lor the
many valuable prizes offered.
The Ball this year will likely be attended by the largest number of people
that have ever been to a masquerade
in Cumberland,
AUCTION   SALE  •
SANDWICK-Messrs Bates and
Hardy huve received instructions from
Chiu Yeuk to sell by auction in the
Westvvdod Farm, Sanwick, three miles
from Courtenay, un Tuesday; October
24th, 1911, the » bole of his farm stock,
implements and produce.
7 in milk Cows, 1 Heifers in calf, Bay
Mare 5 years old, Foal 7 months, 2 bug-
g:es with hood, new, Sleigh, Express
Wagon, Farm Wagon, and hay Rack,
Wagou Sheet, Mowing Machine, New
Plow, Spade Harrows, Hand Seeder,
Sets of Whiffle Trees, Hay Carrier
with two iron blocks and 175 feet of
wire cable, Cross Cut Saw 7 fe .t, new,
CfiYS'' Cut Saw fi feetyylGQ.Jeet of
Hose Piping, huge quantity of Farm
Tools to be sold in suitable lots, 3 ho-se
blankets. No. 1 DeLeval Cream Sepur.
ator, End Over End Churn, Butter
Worker, 8 Earthen ware Cream Vessels,
S Milk Buckets etc. Double Wagon
Harness, 2 Sots of express Harness,
Buggy Harness, Cooking Stove new,
2 Cupboards etc. Also in suitable lots
about 25 tons of potatoes, 10 t1 ns of
Turnips, 3 tons of Carrots, iiii Ions of
May iu bales, Wheat und Out Straw,
2 tons of Oats etc. etc.
Sale 10 o'clock prompt. Terms,
under $80. cash; and over $80 three
months at 6 per cent with joint note,
further particulars may be had from
ilutes lit Hardy, Auctioneers and Real
Estate Conveyancers, phone 10 Coul'
tenay, B. C.
Comox.
O , September 30th—To Mr. snd Mn.
Adery, (uf Denman Island) at Mra. Cyril Piercy'a nursing home, Comnx, a son.
October 2nd—To Mr. and Mrs. David
Ityan (It dollavillo, Comux) at Mrs
Cyril Picrey's nursing home, Comox, a
daughter.
The Nob Hill school ia shortly tn be
uuil ; tinders are now out for for thr
necessary work. A school in thia district will be a great boon to the inhabit,
ui s, and from the plans uf Ihe building
we are to have something which will bs
a credit ro Comox.
Mrs Manners has derided to defer hei
visit to New Zealand snd has rented thi
house lately occupied by Mr. and Mrs
Geo  Curtis.
The first meeting of the Cumberland
Colony, No. 43, Benevolent Protective
Order of Beavers, will be hold in lhe
Oddfellows' Hall un Wednesday, Oct oh
er 18th, at 7 p. m.
COMOX LAND DISTRIOT
District uf C m x.
TAKE notice tlat I, James Strickland Bavins of Comux Distiiflt, oooupi.
Hon rancher, inienda to spply for permission to lease the following described
lend:—Commencing at a pnst planted at
ihe south-west corner close tn a post
marked J. R. M., N E. 0. and being
the N. W. 0. of Lot 121), Comox Dia
trict, thence north-easterly twenty-seven
chains folios ing the shure Une, thence
north-easterly for five chains, thence
north-westerly twenty-seven chains,
thenco south-westerly fur live chain to
commencement and containing seventeen acres more or less.
Dated Octobor 10th, 1911.
JAMES 8. 1IEVINS.
Officer Stevenson
Provincial Policeman Stevmsou
madea raid on an opium joint at Union Bay on Thursday night and sue
oeeded in capturiug two Chinamen
with the opium outfit and some
opium.
They appeared before Judge Abrams yesterday to answer to the
charge.
One was fined $75, the other $25.
and the outfit was confiscated for Ofti
cer8teveuson to deslroy, He is tob
congratulated upon the clever seizure
specially as he did it siuglc-hauded.
CHA. v   -    .
I hereby challei.
berland up to 186 p
match for $100.     Aim,,,..    .
ferred.   (Signed) FRANK BEVAN,
Extension, B. C.
October 8th, '11       x
Any good man who can passqa doctors
examination and can read and writs i-
elligable for the Benevolent Indepenil-
Order of Lions.
See that vou Register for tbe coming Municipal Election. All persons
other than Registered property owners
raus^j-egjsijr befapt-.t'w.Slst of O'-
tolwr to secure a vote in the noxi
.Municipal Election for Mayor, Aldermen and School Trustees.
Mm. Williams, dressmaker and
milliner, opposite opera house,
Courtenay.
Hept! SeptM
HEADQUARTERS SCHOOL.
SEALED- TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender fur School-house Headquarters," will bo received by the Hun.
the Minister of Public Works up to 12 o'
cluck noun of Tuesday, the 31st day o!
October, 1911, fur the erection and completion of a large one-roniu frame school
house at Headquarters, in the Comux
Electoral Diatrict, B. C.
Plans, specificatiuns, contract, ami
forms of tender may be seen on and attei
tho 9th day of Octobor, 1911, at the
offices of A M. Hilton, E-q., Secretary
of the School Board, Headpuartera, vm
Ouiiiux, B. C, the Government Ageut,
Cumberland B. (!., and the Department
of Public Works, Parliament Buildings
Victoria.
Each proposal must be accompanied by
au accepted bank cheque or certificate ol
deposit on a chartered bank of Canadi.
made payable tu the Hoo. the Miniat. ■
if Public works, for thu sum of »2fill.
which shall be forfeited if the party tend
ering decline to enter into cuntract when
called upon to du so, or if he fail to complete the work contracted fur. Tin
cheques or certificates uf deposit uf unaur
ueaafull tend.is will be returned tu them
upon the execution uf the cuntract.
Teuders will nut be considered unless
made out on the forms aupplied, signed
with the actual signature of the tenderer,
aud enclosed in the envelopes furnished.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
J. E. GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Worka,
Victoria, B. C, October 7th, 1911.
ocl4 oc31
LOCAL ITEMS
OF INTEREST
Personal  And    Other
Locals of Daily
Happenings
Lions: don't forgot the 19th ofO*
taler in the K. of P, Hall.
A few Trimmed Hiits in the newest
shapes and colors ut Campbell Bros.
Misa Kathleen Reynolds will sing
iu the Presbyterian Church tomorrow
evening. Her selection will lie "The
Palms." It is necessaiy to comment
on this lovely piece, as it isoneof the
most beautiful compositions that has
uver been written, and no' doubt Miss
Reynold's rendition of it will be
beyond criticism.
- v.,,,„,] aoH Cleveland, Massey-Her.
-tt and Crescent Bicycles, also
W stoves.    "Tomoiy's Blcy-
'• Street, box 380, Cumber-
17   ENGLAND.
*H1 ~~ -   -Sunday) 18th   inst.,
Bishop Pen-ill's farewell address  to tht
Diocese will be read,
The Benevolent Protective Independent Order of Lions will hold their first
meeting next Tliursduy night on Oc
tolier, 19t.h in'the K. of P. hall, and
f iiiiii what candidates that have already signed upto birconiu members in,
i I expected that a large attendance
will be present. There are 100 candi-
lutes who lnive-'Sigiliiluil their inten.
(ion of ln'coming Meiiihers of this 8o-
ciety and it is that tlio greater portion
will be there, and the candidates who
four this riding the Lion, tliey will not
have to go through this part of the per
foiiimnce if they atteijfj tjlie first meeting. It is expected that a body of 60
candidates from No. 7 will be there
under the leadership of tlieir lieutenant
Mr. James Gray who is acting deputy
fir the organizer, and a body of 76
andidatos from neighboring towns
and districts.
Candidates for the Order of Lions if
you have not been to'the Company Doctors, kindly do so at your earliest convenience.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this otlice not later than
10 a. m. on Thursdny.
Mrs.L,W.Niinns has returned from
i visit to Viotoriauud Vaucouver and
'md a very pleasanl timo renewing ao-
luaiiitaiice uf uhi friends. Mrs, Nunns
epurta that Victoria has made immense Improvements, in every direction;
indeed is so changed by adopting os-
uient wnllis nml boulevards that it is
•nit to be recognized as the Victoria'
if a few yoars ago, ami Victorians Is -
lievo it is only the ln-ginning of what
it will be iii the near future, more es-
peoinlly when the Panama Canal directs the shipping to Canadian waters.
All those who wish to enroll for night
chool are requeitrd to give their names
ii the Secretary or Princidal of the
Public School, nr this ofllce. It il nacas-
.ary that applicants be prompt, in order
hat preparations for the aame to go
head iuimediatcly.lt is intended totaach
arithmetic, spelling, writing reading
milling; Other subjecta will ba alao
taught if there is a demand for them,
Messrs MoKenzls & Cameron
will open up a restaurant Is Cour
tenay on Thuisdry.
Men'a clothing at cost price at thc Big
Store fur payday.
The Big Stoie fur up to-date millinery
A vory large and handsome showing at
the most moderate prices.
Mrs. Siinms will givo pianoforte lessons at her house any time by appoint
ment oxcopt Tuesdays. Address Camp,
Cuinliiu'liiiid. Pupils prepared for the
Royal College of Music. THK ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
The Rib and the Kid
(By Elliott Flower)
There was a grinding of brakes aa
thi. uir waa applied, .uui tbo train slowly came to a, stop.     Doyle, resting on
the trucks with what; ease ho might,
cautiously poked his bond out to aee
wlmt ehnuco there was of making a
(•loan getaway in the dusk. Bustle
and confusion reigned on the platform
Hide of the train, tint the othor was
*:l ear.
Doyle slowly crawled out on the clear
side ami quickly put a little distance
tietweeu himself and the train, in order
that liis- proximity to it might uot
arouse suspicion. The police of most
towns do not regard with favour men
who arrive on the trucks,
Once clour of tho train, he pausod
to stretch his cramped arms and legs,
and then looking hack, he saw another
fnrm crawling iuto thc iron berth he
hud just vacated. I tuck to tho
oropt  Doyle and crouched     beside the
Illicit H.
"Ulowiti' the jobt'* ho asked in a
tow voice.
1'Yep," came tno answer from bo
neath the car.
"What's wrong with it?" queried
Doyle.
"Notbin'  but thc pusher," was the
"  reply.     "He's kept rno down two days,
su I'm hittin' the trail."
"What's his grouch?" persisted
Doyle.
"Oh, it aia't a g*.'oti'-.lt exactly; it's
a bug," explained the man on the
trucks. "You dou't only have to look
at a can and ho won't let you go up.
He's tryin' to show a job eau he dono
without anybody goin' through."
Dot'ore auy further questions could
be askod tho conductor's cry of "All
aboard!" was hoard and Doyle slipped
away
Lest you may think him a common
hobo, because of his mode of travel, it
may be well to explain hore that Doyle
watt a structural- stool-worker in search
of a job and that lie had loft his berth
on the trucks at this place becauso ho
knew that a great public building was
under construction hore. In faet, like
all othors in his lino, he Know thc location of ovory big structural steel jolt,
bridge or building, in tlm country, and
also tho labor conditions in those large
cities where thoro is always mure or less
sky-scraper work.
The man on thc trucks had given
him some information of valuo, too.
He had told him Uiat he was quitting
the job because the foreman was too
strict; that the aforesaid foreman had
refused to let him go to work two days
in succession because each day the showed something of the effect of his potations tho uight before; that tbo fore
muo was trying to make a record by
putting up this structure without any
loss of life among bis men, and, to thin
end was unusually particular.
This in uo way disturbed Doyle, how
ever, for he was not a drinking man, as
that term is ond erst ood among tho
structural stool-workers. This does not
moan that be did uot take his occasional glass of boor, for he did, and
there had been a time when a "pusher" now and then refused to let him go
op-
He   was   cuutious   now.    Ho   would
have told you so himself.   He took no
unnecessary chances.
At tho samo time, if yuu had press-
ed him, and ho liad confidence in you,
bo would have admitted that he had
"cush in his kick" when ho camo in ou
the trucks. Hut that was a different
matter. It. would havo beon criminal
extravagance, in liis opinion, to pay
sny motioy to 3 railroad, no matter how
much ho might liavo in his pocket, so
tho risk of "riding the iron" was justified.
The town was new to him, but he
walked along with all tho confidence of
u man who kuew just whero he was and
just where ho was going. Which, as a
matter of fact, he did. Ue was going to
"The Madhouse," and he had received
explicit directions from men who had
boon there before.
"The Madhouse" (which was not at
all tho title by which its proprietor desirod to have it known/ was almost as
well known from coast to coast as
Towogenan's or Hull McOlun's.
When mon are constantly coming and
going, working to-day ami "blowing
the job'' to morrow for any old reason
ot no reason at all, it doos uot take
long for the fame, or notoriety, of a
resort to spread to distant places, aud
the building under construction here, a
state capitol, had been begun four years
before.
In   those   four   yearn   lliree   hundred
had come aud gone, the working
consisting o
1
"Potfl's Placo," but—be kept right on
to "The  Madhouse."
He did uot need his eyes to know
when he reached it; his ears told him,
for there came through tho swing-doors
the opening lines of "The Uridgoman's
Toast.'"
I'm
I'm
seat
golug to  blow the job, boys;
going to hit the trail;
I'm olt for dear old Frisco on a
beneath thc mail.
Thoro ain't uo sense in wedding a job
and slicking around liko gum—
Why, this is the longest stop I've mado
since 1 quit old Jimmy tho Hum.
I'll go through  Valley City as swiftly
OS 1 can
Ami make the hike along tho pike till
I lund iu old Hpokano.
1 may stop off—
Here the toast came to an abrupt oud,
for Doyle, pushiitg through doors, was
promptly recognized by some of the
party.
There was    loud welcome, and Doylo
soon   found   hi nisei f  sented   with     the
others, a glass of beer in front of him.
'' Where 'd   you   blow   from ?''   asked
(Jotter.
"Swiftwater bridge," answered
Doylo.
"What's the ehanco there!'' put in
Keenan.
"(iood," replied Doyle. "There's
some others blew when 1 did. Atkius
wont to Chi and Cassidy lit out for the
Petersburg towor. I don't know whore
the others were headed, but there's
roorft at Swiftwater. Ilow about
horo?"
"Oh, you oUght to get on," Keenan
assured  him.      "Scotty blew tonight,
and I'll be takin' a freight-car on my
back by the ond of tho week."
Doyle nodded.
"Who's tho gaffer!" he inquired.
"Hutchins."
"Dou't know him," said Doyle.
"What's he Uke!"
"Like all the rest of 'cm," roplied
Koenan. "Good enough if you're in
right, but mighty careful who he puts
on just now. He's takin' no chances
of anybody goin' through. If you're
puttin' it up to him in the morning
you'd bettor fly to tho porch early tonight. ''
Doyle considered this such good ad
vlco that he sought a bed very soon
thereafter.
In tho morning ho was ou hand when
the mon went to work, but bo bad to
wait for a chance to speak to the superintendent,  otherwise known    as    the
gaffer."     The foreman was "sizing
up" tbe mon as thoy reported, and it
was quite evident that the report that
he was unusually particular wns not ex
aggorated.     Ho turned Keenan back.
"Better stay down today," ho said.
"Why, I 'm all right,',' nrgued Keen
gang  on  the  steel   work   consisting  of
only  thirty,  and  these  throe  hundred
'The Mad
■ it was located
were  now  scattered  from  the  Atlanti
to the Pacific ntid from the Cull' up in
to  Canada.      it  followed,     naturally
that Doylo not only knew of
house," but,know where
aud how to reach it.
Yot he wag not altogothei at ease in
the matter "The Madhouse" was the
resort of the "floaters," and Doyle
felt that lie ought to be of the "home
There are two distinct classes of
steulworkorti--those who an1 almost
• ontiiiually on tho move and those who
stick more closely to a single job. Thoy
are known to each other as "rough
necks'' and ''dummies," wliich will
^ivo some idea of the regard in whieh
ihoy liohi each other.
The "home guard" is composed almost exclusively of married men, but' Doyle,
not all married men are of the "borne
guard." Nor can the "home guard"
be relied upon to go through from start
to finish.
Doyle was married, and It
steadier since his marriage,
how he had contlnuod his
with   the  "floaters,"  ami
. had been
but sonie-
associatiou
he   di I   not
fcol quite comfortuble nbout it. Tho
"fioators" were not only more noma'lic,
but also mure reckless limn lhe "homo
guard
tion
less
rinks
Ai,
ami
sake
"—not more dai inu in the
if ncessary work, but mor
ii thfl ivny of taking unnecessary
reek
Mary had appealed to him over
er again to be careful for her
ll<- had promised, too, and hn
felt guilty .vlieii he recalled how he luul
kept that promise on some occasions, lle
re-illy bolongod to ihe "liome guard,"
and  should   now    be  going    down   to
The foreman shook his head.
"You stay down," was his ulti
malum.
"Tf I can't go up," insisted (venmtn.
"I'll drag."
"(let your time, theu," returnod the
foreman,
Mo for Swiftwater," grumbled
Keenan as he turned away.
Doyle was surprised. Keenan was
not drunk. Ho had lingered a Httle
too long at "The Madhouse" the uight
before, perhaps, but ho was in as good
condition as many a man with whom
Doylo had workod ou other jobs. Still,
thero was justification for tho fore*
man's decision.
An unsteady mau not only risks his
own, life, but be in a menace to the
men who uro working with him, and especially those who arc working bolow
him. Doyle's own course, when he finally got the ear of the superintendent,
wus an unconscious recognition of this
fact.
Takin' any more on!" ho asked,
to which inquiry the superintendent replied with tho question:
"Whoro fromf"
"Swiftwater bridge," -answered
Doyle.
"Why did you quit!" inquired the
superintendent.
Woll, her uuderpinnin' didn't look
good to me," explained Doyle, "nnd I'd
been thero long enough, anyway."
"Card!" said the superintendent.
Doyle produced his union card, showing that he was a mombor in good standing with all dues paid.
"Well, I guess I can take you on,"
decided the superintendent.
"Put ine on top," stipulated Doyle.
Tho superintendent looked surprised.
"Put me on top or I'll drag," insisted Doyle.
"What's the matter!" asked the superintendent.
"Well, I never got hurt but twiee,"
roplied Doyle, "and both times 1 was
workm ' under, and somo tommy dropped
something on mo. F nover got hurt on
top. A man's only got to look out for
himself there, but when bo's workin'
under he's got to look out for himself
and all that's workin* over. I'm be-
in' extra careful now, too."
"Why!"
"I got a boy," explained Doyle with
some pride. "I ain't seen him yot,
but the rib writes he's come, and she
ought to know. I 'm workin' along toward home now." •
The superintendent agreed thnt the
wife really ought to Itnow what she was
talking about,
"Ho I got to bc careful," added
"A man with a wife has got
to be careful, and a man with a wife
and a boy has got to be twice as careful.
It's me to tho homo guard, whieh 1
never did train witfi much before."
"All right," agreed tho superintend
ent, "I'll put you on top."
So Doyle went some throe hundred
feet np tiie false work to the scaffolding
on tup. The false work consisted of
a hi | an re skeleton steel tower, upon
which *ho derricks were to be plnced to
raise the material for the dome.
The mon were thon putting up n gin-
polo for U8f! in erecting thc flrst stiff-
leg derrick, as they designated it, and
the gin pile stuck up like a flagstaff
hold by yuys. Doylo shook hiH heud
when he looked at it, i
"Pretty fair stick," he commented,
"but she has a bad wow in her," there
by expressing his opinion that the gin
pole had a dangerous bend.
"Oh, she'll earry all the load that'll
bo put on her" roturned Cotter, who
wae next to him. Tho gaffer's takin'
no chances on this job, and the pusher's
workin' with him.''
"Woll, it's nothiu' to rao," com
mented Doylo. "I don't have to answer for the stick, but I'll not be gettin1 under the load."
Now, Doyle meant it when he said
that no was going to bo caroful and take
no unnecessary risks, but habit ia strong.
1 He had occasion during tho day to cross
tho false work on an "I" beam, carrying a coil of rope and a pulley-block.
Tho wind was strong and fitful, the
worst kind of a wind for tho man working high up. He eau "loan against"
u steady wind, but a fitful wind Ueops
withdrawing its support, and he must
balance himself accordingly. Such an
awkward loud as Doyle carried made
this thc moro difficult.
Cooger, untrammolod, stepped on the
beam just ahend of him.
"Hotter coon it," advised Cooger.
Doylo scorned the suggestion. To
"coon it," which is to straddle tho
boam with tho feet on tho lower flanges
and so work oue's solf across, is held
to bo a sign of weakness in all ordinary
circumstances. No self respecting steel
worker ever doos it unless the wind
blows a gale or thoro nro othor conditions that make the crossing exceptionally hazardous. Perhaps one of the
"homo guard" might have dono it in
this instance, but Doylo forgot tbat he
had elected himsolf n member of that
faction.
"When my time comes," he said,
"I'll go clear through."
So he crossed without "cooning it,"
nml did so easily. It is v peculiarity of
thc work that such feats are usually
dono easily or not at all. There is no
swaying and balancing aftor the
fashion of a man on a tight rope; he
crosses steadily anj with apparent ease
or ho "goes through," and whon he
"goes through" he goes suddenly and
without warning.
Doyle crossed, and thought no more
ahout it. It was all in tht> day's work.
The superintendent, looking up, happen
ed to notice it, however, and ho was
not pleased. Without the load, it would
have been no more than an ordinary
risk, in spite of the wind, but the
combination of load and wind was bnd.
The superintendent was waiting for
Doyle whon bo camo down.
"I saw you crowing with a load," he
said. "Why didn't you coon it!"
"Like a noddy I" exclaimed Doyle.
"No, sir! When I got to wjop it on a
stunt like that I'll go down with the
bull gang or ask for a job feedin^tbe
hay-burners." By which he meant
that he would work on the ground or
ask for a job taking care of tne horses.
"I'd be a joke to the boys," he added.
"How about tho baby?" suggested
thc superintendent.
Doyle looked up quickly, startled and
penitent.
"I clean forgot him," he confessed;
"I was only thinkin' of the job and the
boys.''
"Well, you've got to cut out the
foolishness," insisted the superintendent. "We've got so far without anybody going through, and we're going to
finish with that record."
"I'll be us careful as a flossy cross-
in' a gutter on a plank," promised
Doyle. "Me for tbe home guard. Why,
I'm 'most tempted to blow for home
and tako tho down-stairs job my brother-in-law offered mo. The rib has been
beggin' me to do it for the kid's sa^e,
but I don't feel comfortable only high
up. I'll be careful, though; I won't forget again."
Still, he wont to "The Madhouse"
that evening instead of to "Pete's
Place" where tho "home guard" hold
forth. He knew tho "floaters" better
than he did tho "dummies," and a man
naturally seeks the most congenial companionship. Likewise, in spite of his
good resolutions, ho "forgot" again
and yet again during the uext fow days
and took various unnecessary risks,
Somehow, he never could remember
the rib nnd the kid'' when ho was at
work; he just went ahead in the old
reckless wuy, gicing no thought at all
to it until afterward. Then he would
call himself mimes and vow that he
would go home and take the brother-
in-law job if he ever found himself doing that sort of thing again. But Decoration Day found him still working
on the dome.
It is the custom of tho steel workers,
on a job of this.description, to put up a
flag on ail holidays, nnd no exception
was made in this case. The flag wus
put up just beforo they quit work the
day before the holiday, and Doyle was
of those who raised it to tbe top of the
gin-pole, whore it floated proudly the
morning of Decoration Day. Ho glanced up at it that morning, saw that it
was floating free, and theu gave it no
further hood—until afternoon.
He was lying on the grass in the
park surrounding thc structure, waiting
for the parade, when he heard some ono
remark that it was a shame that the
j—the highest in the city— should
bo"in u snarl at the very time thnt it
OUght  to  be  flying  free.
He glanced up and saw thut it hud
entangled itself in the guys, and was
now no more thnn a colored bundle.
From afar came the sound of a band.
but the parade was not yot in sight.
Doyle sprang to his feot.
"Sure she ought to be floating free! "
he exclaimed.  "I'll fix that!"
A moment later some of thc waiting
crowd saw n man racing up tho ladders
of the false work—climbing against
time to loose the flag for the passing of
the parade. Those first observing Mm
called the attention of others, and soon
all eyes wore focused on the ascending
figure, growing over smaller as It
mounted higher.
Ho reached the scaffolding as tho pa-
ntdo turned into the street. No bigger
than u doll ho seemed then, and ho was
little more than a ily on a match whon
he appeared on the gin-pole, still ascending. The parade, for the moment,
was forgotten. Kven tho marchers, following the eyes of the crowd, looked up,
nnd many a man stumbled ns he watched.
Tha first band wns passing when the
human fly reached the bunting. There
was a brief period of suspense, then of
anxious silence, except for the bands
nnd the tread of marching feet. All be-
ow wore watching nnd waiting, straining their oyos in a vain effort to detect
any motion of man or flag.
There was trouble of some fort, apparently, and he mounted a little higher. Then, suddenly, the flag broke out. ■
flapping sharply in the wind, and aj
groat cheer went up from the crowd.      I
Doyle was windod and weak when he
reached the flag. Ascending at such
speed had beou so exhausting that he
actually slippod back once or twice
whon ho finally got on the gin-pole. But
he reached tho flag. Looking down, he
could see tbat tho bead of the parade
was already passing.
Holding himself in place with his
legs, he workod frantically at thc flag
with his hands, but it wus caught a little higher up. His head was almost in
tho folds whon ho finally released it,
and with the first flap if slapped him
sharply in tho face. He caught the
nearest guy to stoady himself, aud tho
(lag almost encircled his head. As tho
quickest way to escape it, he swung
from the pole to the guy, and lot himself slide part way down tho lattor.
Then he realized his mistake.
Threo guys hold tho gin-pole. Two of
thoso ended at the edge of the scaffolding, but there was a wide space botwoen the scaffolding and tho girder to
whicli the third was attached.
Doylo had chosen the third, and now
found himself hanging from it just
above the edgo of the scaffolding on
this side. He could not reach it with
his feet, and ho was too close to tho
edge to drop with safety. Nor, in his
weakened condition, could he go back.
Ho camo down a little farther, and
now he hung directly ovor tho opon
space. But his feet wore bolow tho
level of both scaffolding and girder.
If he could swing to either he might
get a safe footing. Backward and forward ho swung, and at last, with a
mighty offort, he got his feot on the
scaffolding,
But his body still hung over the opon
space, nnd he realized that be hnd not
Btrongth enough loft to throw this dead
weight of a body far enough to got his
balance ou the scaffolding. He mndo
ono or two efforts, but thoy lacked tho
necessary forco, nnd he dared not let
go of the guy. Then his feet slipped,
and he again swung over the open.
Down below the parade had stopped,
bands were stilled, and every eyo was
fixed on this strugglo in tho air. Women were becoming hysterical.
Doyle's blooding hands slipped, slipped agnin, and ho slid to tbo end of
the guy. Faintly came to him the cry
of horror from holow. But he still
struggled. Failing to Hwing his foot
to the girder, as he came down, he
caught it with his hands in one last
desperate offort to keop from "going
through." He tried to draw himself
up so that he could throw a leg ovor
it, but he was too exhausted.
Now, at last, he abandoned hope. No
one could reach him, and he could not
save himself. The inevitable drop was
only a few seconds away.
In that moment his thoughts woro
not of bis own fate, but of Mary, and
the baby, "the rib and the kid," and
one appalling fact fashed to his brain.
He haa dtfpo this thins at his own risk.
No one had ordered him to do it, no
one hnd naked, him to do it, no one had
oven suggested that he do It.
On the eoutrar/. it wns. a holiday,
and the meu were expected to keop
away. No responsibility rested upon
tho company; no employers' liability
law would apply. There wouldbe nothing for the family. He nlone was at
fault—he had taken one of those unnecessary risks that he had, repeatedly
promised never again to incur, and they
would  suffer in  consequence/ y
His bold was loosening wb?n there
came to him in even tones:
"Steady,-old man, steady, IV «om-
ing."
He glanced across tbe falso work nnd
saw Cooger climbing from the last ladder to tbe scaffolding. Instinctive!?
his grip tightened, his muscles respond
ed more readily to his will, and hope
burned again.
Down below, they were counting tho
seconds until he would have to drop.
Women covered their faces with their
hands, until the torriblo fascination
forced them to glance up again. Then,
of a sudden, came tho cry of "Look!
"/ook!" and every eye was ruisod.
There, on the last ladder, was n man,
climbing like a squirrel. Fascinated by
the sight above, no one had noticed
him before, but, as a matter of fact,
he had stnrted up soon after Doyle,
thinking the latter might need help
with the flag.
They saw him mount the scaffolding,
run across it, and start along the girder
toward the pendent man. He was not
abovo "cooning" it in this emergency,
for ho would have need of the security
tbis gave him to render any real as
sistancc.
He reached the imperiled oue, leaned
over, and drew him up until he could
throw his leg over the girder.    A momont later Doyle wos astride thn girder
-and safe.
From below there came 0 roar of
cheering. Men danced, threw up their
hats, and shook hands with each othor.
Women laughed and cried in their hysteria. Then the bonds played and the
parade moved on,
Tn the morning, whon the mon report*
il for work, the flag was gone.
Doyle  arrived  with   u   bundle  under
his arm.
"I want my time," he informed tho
superintendent. "I'm goin' to blow
the job. I nln't got sense to work on
top, nnd 1 thought of some things up
there yesterday that showed me whnt
fool I um. Mo for home and the
brother-in-law  job."
He laid his bundle on the superintendent's desk.    "There's the flag," ho
id.    "It's  me 'for  homo,  but  thut'B
because it ain't fair to the rib nnd tho
kid for such a fool as me to work on
top, and I wasn't goin' to have any of
the boys sayin' that Doyle quit becauso
he lost his nerve.   So. knowin' it would
have to come down this mornin' anyway, 1 went up nnd got it.   Just toll
"om it wns me, will you!   I'd not like
to have 'om think I wasn't still good."
Tho superintendent nodded.
"Better    take   the    flag  with    you,
Pnyle," he said; "you earned it."
the new and larger relation of life and
work and society has been established;
something that will make for sanity and
wholoBomeneBB. It is a kind of intellectual climacteric that is found in
men as well as In women. Women,
after tbeir younger children have become six or seven years old—women
who have devoted themsolves to their
families intensely—eome up to that
time and find some readjustment necessary. Then is the time to make for
themselves a now relation to the community, or to degenerate. Tho fundamental thing to do at thiB time is to
keep the whole body keenly alive. Thus
tho fundamental thing to bo sought Ib
sanity, whieh rests upon a basis of good
digestion, good sloop, and a skin that
is wholesomely alive and responsive to
cold and hent. Then is the time to. go
outdoors and feel tho instinctive response to tho simple and elemental
things of lifo. The person who goes
outdoors und feels u blast of cold air
on thc face, and doos not enjoy it, is
not on the high level, but on tho downward road, Tho porson who still sees
that the grass is green und tho sky
blue, who haB a simple, definite response
of enjoyment to the elements, is Banc in
thc senso that 1 am using the word.
This onjoymont of tbo broader element
in exercise is tho test by which we can
know ourselves during the time whon
tho youthful idoals are going, and before the larger ideals aro established.
WHEN WE GET TO BE FORTY
Between thirty-five nnd forty-five the
supreme huttlo of life comos for most
us. The momentum of early youth
with which most nf us started haB largely been expended. Most of our ideals
huve been seriously altered by expori-
ence. We Bee things in a different light
from whut wc ns children imngined
they were. Tho brilliant color of fancy
hns faded. At this time it is not
counsel that is needed: it is some definite thing to turn to, some definite course,
to take hold of, which we can carry!
through until poise is re-established;!
some concrete course of action to which |
we can hold, blindly if necessary, till
FASHION'S LATEST FADS
Little morning frocks of linon show
simple lines, emphasizing the kimono
short sleeve, tho collarless bodices, the
high linos nnd perhaps a touch of hand
embroidery.
For evening wear violent contrast*
aro presented by the hoso and shoos.
Violet mny be worn with pink cr pale
blue, emerald greon with gray or black
and cerise with cream or violet.
The millinery departments havo beon
invaded by embroideries and wo find on
tiro parts and trimmings of the dainty
cotton embroideries now ordered by the
manufacturers.
Jabots of fine linen, trimmed with
baby Irish, antique or valonciennes lace
aro modish and add a decided touch of
elegance to tbo plain blouse or waist.
Do not forget the important girdle
and sash on your afternoon dress. It
is seen everywhere and adds an indisputable charm to frocks of any description.
Hags of white satin striped in black
nre among the newest features in thiB
Hue. The handles are of twisted silk
and arc much shorter than formerly.
Jewelled bandeaux will again bo woro
in the hair. The most artistic styles
havo large cabochons a,t eithor side.
Hats are not trimmed exclusively
with roses, buttercups, anemones and
nil kinds of meadow and marsh flowers
being considered more truly smart.
Small poaches, apples, oranges, plums,
even representations of melons, figure
in hat trimming, all with vivid glow
of color.
Silk marquiettes, voiles and grenadines hnve tnken tbe placo of chiffon
to a grent extent this Beason, and all
thoso materials nre closely copied in cotton fabrics.
Hand-tucked blouses of sheer lined
with jabots trimmed with valenciennos
lace are much worn.
CARE OF  THE  EYES
Strong sunlight causes wrinkles, a
fnct mnny women have learned too late
to thoir sorrow. Once thoroughly established, these telltale furrows, tho unmistakable imprint of the fingor of
time, aro difficult to eradicate, requiring constant effort, even greut discomfort, to entirely erase.
A certain amount of sunlight is good
for the skin and for tbe eyes. No one
Of nature's elements, if used with discretion, will act as a destructive power
to the body. Tho troublo with the sun-
Hgfit cure Is that it is too often takon
In overdoses. Notice, on a particularly
bright dny, a day when tho sun's rays
are ..dmost metallic in their strength,
how tbe eyes of the poople you moot aro
squinted In an effort to alienate tho
pressure on the nerves of sight.
This pointing process causes innumerable Hltle wrinkles to appear ubout
the eyes and across the bridge of tho
nose. Homing the face in this strained
position rf*»ily becomes a habit, and
once It is f1 habit the damage is done.
One of the beet ways to prevent injury to theveye as woll as a premature
mask of agf — the wearing of a hat
that wiU shtf.de the eye. Persons whose
work compel^ them to be much out of
doors during l-he summer months should
select n hat Vith a broad or drooping
brim. Despite* the 'Mt that much fun
hns beeu poked; *t the bushel basket hat
of fashionable', moment, it is much
more sensible tot summer wear than the
poach baskot variety that snuggles up
close to tho hair'and leaves the bla7.ing
sun to burn its iW aeroes tbe fnce and
eyes. J
Women have tft« •d<\ed protection of
u parasol, a bit I of fominlne frippery
that has its miwtf™ of service as well
ns of boautv. Lacking this recourse,
men should select; »ft hats that turn
down over the eye?, wide brimmed sailors or Panamas, H* » prematurely furrowed face no tngw becomes a man
than it does ■ woioan.
In extreme caw* *»■• glasses with
slightly darkened Uensee, nnd observe
whst a rost they w*H confer upon the
tirod, sun-strained leyes.
WILLING iO W B4*F WAY
"Mr. Boreleigh W»« here this afternoon, Jamos, and P* **y» that now
you havo your motoi) be M Uke to have
you run over and sow bim some time,"
said Mn. Blithers.   ■'
"Well, if be calls Win," said Blithers, 'just' tell him J that I'll bo glad
to run over him atf nny time, but I
don't care partieuliM" about seeing
him." '
value or (system
It is not the womatl who rushos madly
who accomplishes nfcost. System is
what counts. Havel certain hours for
certnin things. i
Give yourself plentV M timo for tbe
performance of each f»ty» but no moro
than you are entitled) to according to
your plans made beforehand.
Five minutes' reflection at night is
worth more than an pour'B rush in the
morning. ]
Let the busy woa§»* B0° th4t her
clothes arc in order f J>' the next day—
that she haB a clean] obange of linen
witb all the buttons <♦». that her shoes
arc well polished am' ber gloves nnd
belt laid in plain nigh t.
If everything is at haad she sbonld
be able to take her bath and dress in
half an hour. Then ahe may eat a
leisurely breakfast and be ready for a
good day's work.
That's what a little planning aad
foresight will do for hor.
The woman whose house is run in the
best order, who keeps her help the longest and has thom best trained has a day
for each thing.
Tho maid eau take a look at her
schedule and then go right ahead with
out wasting any time in useless questions.
Sho can in this way accomplish part
of hor work beforo bor mistress is up
as well as plan for tomorrow's labor
the way her mistress does.
Method should ulso bo used in re
spoct to tho children. A child who
knows what it is expected to do at a
certain hour will eventually be trained
into the routine of doing it, thus saving its mother many precious minutes.
The woman who has no method might
just ns woll givo up trying to uccom
plish anything in this world. Miu
loses too much timo through luck of
forethought nud planning.
THE  STRENGTH OF  RINGS
Somo elaborate calculations, backed
by experiments, have boen made to de
termino the "breaking strength" of
rings. It appears that a ring of due
tiio material liko malleable iron will
be pulled out into tho form of a long
link before it breaks, and that the ultimate strength of the ring is virtually
independent of its diameter.
Fracture finally occurs as tho result
of almost pure tension, and the resist
nnce to breaking is a little loss than
twice that of a red of the same cross
section subjected to a straight null.
As tbe ring increases in diamotor there
appears to be a slight approach toward
eqnality, with doublo the strength of a
bar. Thus a threo inch ring, made of
throe-quartcr-inch irou, broke at 19ft
tons; a four-inch ring at 10.9 tons and
a six-inch ring at 20 tons, tbo strength
of a bar of tho sumo metal being lOVj
tons.
THE  LIGHT  OF  A FIREFLY
The statement that the light of fireflies and other phospho rose eut animals
is produced without any sensible de
greo of heat has often been repeated
without nny information ns to tbe'
quantity of heat that would be re
quired to produce a similar amount of
hoat by artificial methods. This infor
mat ion is supplied by Professor Mcln
tosh. He says that a temperature ap
proacbing 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit
would be necessary to make a light
equivalent to that emitted by an ordin
ary firefly. The enormous waste of
energy in all industrial methods of pro
during light is a matter of common
knowledge, and the example of the fire
fly remains uuimitatod by man. The
vory simplicity of the mechanism em
ployed by nature in phosphorescent ani
mals is baffling.
ENGLAND'S COAL-FIELDS
A Froneh author, M. Loze, has again
brought up the question of the probable
duration of the British coal-fields. As
suming that the prosperity and power
of Great Britain depend upon her supply of eoal, ho thinks that "the end
of Britain" is due within tbe present
century. He fixes tbe date 1950 for tbo
complete exhaustion of tbo attainable
supply of coal in the British Isles.
To this statement reply is made that
Monsieur Lose has failed to take account of recnt investigations proving
that mining can be economically carried
on at much greater depths than 2,000
foet—the limit assumed by tho French
author—and consequently the British
coal supply will last indefinitely longer
that his calculation shows.
HOW THE BIRDS MAKE WEALTH
Tbe destruction .of insect-eating
birds should not be overlooked by
those attempting to explain the in
creased cost of living. Government
statistics show that our agriculture has
suffered to the extent of billions of
dollars through the ravages of insects.
Tho annual loss has increased steadily
until it has reached a figure which the
human mind cannot grasp.
In the cotton belt of the south the
boll weevil, whioh has incressed with
such rapidity as to become a plague,
took as its toll in one year more than
$25,000,000 worth of a product upon
which every man, woman, and child is
dependent. And in this same section
is permitted the wholesale destruction
of birds, seventy-five per cent, of whoso
food Is tho crop-destroying insect! Wo
shall pay ior this loss, sustained large
ly through folly and ignorance, when wo
buy our clothes. Grain, vegetable,
und fruit culture in many localities is
so bumpered by noxious insects that
tho fanner "drngs homo thc stingy
harvest" discouraged and with good
cause for abandoning his occupation.
Every dollar's worth of damage which
tho bird guards could hnve prevented
must come out of tho pockets of the
people.
Poison sprays and other artificial
means do not successfully check the
dnmsgo done by Insect pests. We
must look to the wild birds for sub
stnntinl relief. They will not fail
us, even if we do no more than simply
let them live.
'Are you reolly fond of Wngnorf"
asked Higgins, after a musical chat
with his friend Lutherberry.
"You bot I nm," returned Lather-
berry, enthusiastically. "Take Parsifal for instance—thnt's tho opera for
me. Why there's one intermission to
it long enough for a fellow to go out
and have n broiled lobster and a nap
before the next net begins."
• »    t
'You say Garston made a complete
confession? What did he get—five
yoarsf"
"No, fifty dollars. He confessed to
the magazines."
#'■'••
"How do you know that your daughter's music is improving!"
"The noighbors are getting more
friendly."
# *   •
'Look here, Dinah," Baid Binks as
he opened a questionable egg at breakfast, ."is this the freshest egg you can
find!"
"Naw, suh," replied Dinah. "We've
done got a half dozen laid diss mornin', snh, but de bishop's comin' down
hy'ar in September, suh, and we's savin' all de fresh aigs for him, sub." THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
m
Brockvllle Cure Reported
"I contracted a severe cold while following my occupation of furniture tra
veiling and eventually it developed into
Catarrh. The desultory mode of life I
was following gave mo very little
chance to attend to the Catarrh condition, and at last 1 became a victim to
Chronic Catarrh. I bought a largo
package of Catarrhozone, used it as por
directions, and havo nover beeu bothered since. 1 will be only too glad to
give any information I possess to any
person suffering from the disease that
was the bane of my lifo for two yoars.
Yours sincerely, A. 11. Swarc.v Brockville."
Catarrhozone will cure any case of
Catarrh. Asthma or Bronchitis. Kef use
a substitute. Sold in 25e, SOe nud $l.Q0
sizes by all dealers.
CONTAMINATING GASES TURNED
TO USE
An instance of the transformation by
scientific moans of a deleterious into a
useful substance is furnished in connection with the manufacture of superphosphate fertilizer where npatite is
used. Tlio largo volumes of hydro
fluoric acid that arc given off seriously
contaminate the atmosphere, but by tho
(Jormaii process these gnses nro recovered in the form of tluosilicic acid, which
is used in the manufacture of artificial stono for hardening soft limestone
and sandstone, and for other purposes.
ACQUITTED
"You say, prisoner at tho bar, that
•you killed the deceased in self-defense?" suid the judge.
"Yes, your Honor," replied thc pri
softer, with dignity.
"State tho nature of his attack upon
you," snid the magistrate,
"lie had just returned from Ituly,
your Honor," said the prisoner, "and
when I nsked him if ho had taken many
photographs in Home and elsewhere -ho
relied that he hndn 't because the
Italian police were enforcing the laws
ngainst Camorra fiends without mercy.
It was then that I shot him, and to
inufcR sure of my safety afterward cut
his throat, and threw his palpitating
remains in front of a passing trolley
car.''
" What say you, gentlemen of tho
jury?" asked the judgo, turning to
thc jury box.
'' Not guilty," roared the puror
with one voice.
Well, Well!
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HALF A LOAF
(By William Hollow?}
Mon do not "gather grapes of I hums
or figs of thistles;'" neither do thov ex
pect to meet Beau Brumraols in" the
bread-line. Carter was, therefore, n
good deal startled whon the rough-look
iug .man who had bumped into bim be
gun to apologize.
"Hope ye ain't hurt. J was running
because 1'm late.''
Carter wub standing on the comer,
watching tho line of hungry men and
women tthuiHe furtively into the miBt,
their shoulders wearing the discouraged stoop that is the hallmark of tbe
conquered, their torn, battered shoes
making soft, clucking noises on tho
muddied pavement.
"Oh, I'm all right," was his absent
reply, his gaze still fastened on tbo
bedraggled broad line undulating into
the foggy gloom of the November night
like somo hideous crawling reptile tbat
the slime of civilization hud spawned.
"I didn't get hurt."
It was worlh whilo seeing, he told
himself—this midnight march of tho
hungry upon tho groat bakery whore
the day's unsold bread was given away;
and now that he had seen it he would
go homo to bod. 80 thinking, he turned
up his coat collar-for the fog .had
brought witli it a line driz/.lo—aud
came ftfee to fBco with the rough-looking man, still waiting on the pavement.
Hutloss, collarlosB, gloveloss, his appearance was the reverse of inviting,
and Carter would promptly havo evaded
him but for two large red hands which
barred his path as they motioned vigorously toward the retreating procession.
"Come along!" cried a hoarBO voice.
"You're next."
Carter shook his hoad. "'No', I'm not;
I'm not going to wait."
"Not going to wait!" The bread-
linor cast a quick, unbelieving glanco at
darter's faco, as though tho remark
passed the limit of the credible, and
followed up the look with a knowing
but friendly grin.
"That bread's fresh—dou't you worry. I've had n loaf for throe nights.
There ain't no better in Noo Yawk."
Strangely enough, Carter felt no inclination to laugh. For nn instant ho
eyed the drab array, half-bidden in the
shadow. Then, spurred by u vagrant
longing for adventure, he stepped forward, pushing his new acquaintance in
frout of iiim.
"All right—after you!"
Tbey had barely taken their places
when other belated stragglers surged in
behind them, and thc Hue lengthened
anew. And as it lonthoncd, and the
motley crow moved ovor the slippery
pavement, Carter found himself exchanging odd bits of tnlk with one and
another, ns if ho were indoed a denizen
of this gray ronlm of privation, and
had no connection with tho sunny world
he was accustomed to viow from his
club windows.
His clothing aided thc illusion. He
had strolled out, heedless of overcoat.
a cloth oap pulled down ovor bis forehead; and in the dim light he passed
without comment. One of tho policemen whose duty it was to keep the
famished horde iu ordor did, indeed,
glance sharply at bim; then, reassured
by the artistic manner in which Carter
drcw his cap ovor his right eye,
straightway forgot him.
Tbo rour ond of the procossion now
neared its goal—a gigantic bread-basket, at the side entrance to the bakery.
Beside tbe basket stood two men hand
iug out loaves of bread to the waiting
liners. Jn the foggy drizzle an electric
light Miod a dim, blurrred radiance on
the scene; and the bread-liners, snatching their allotted loaves witb wolfish
eagerness and theu vanishing in the
darkness, seemed, with their torn,
weather worn clothes, their sunken eyes
and hollow cheeks, like the lost spirits
of some unsung inferno.
Tbe whole affair struck Carter, on 0
near approach, aB decidedly unpleasant.
Like most of the world, he had kindled
at the story of tho charity—the story
of the kindly plil German baker who,
at twelve each night, hnd beea used to
feed tbo hungry with his unused storeB,
and who, in his will, had provided that
the distribution should'go on. But to
see and feel tho famished eagerness
of tho bread-liners was quite another
matter.
Carter came to himself with a shock,
llis acquaintance had received his loaf
and was crossing the street, while before Carter himself stood one of the
genii of the basket, holding out another
loaf, lle had barely presence of mind
enough to stammer a refusal and cross
the street in the wake of his companion,
That individual, who was hiding his
share of the spoils benontli a shabby
coat, looked around witb a start.
"Sny, didn't you get one?" There
was an unexpected touch of disappoint*
ment in his voice. "Ain't they got
any moro?"
Carter's reply was noncommittal.
"I didn't, get one." '
Tbo other finished buttoning his coat
over tho precious loaf, and swore softly into the night. Next ho jerked his
head toward the side street. "AH right;
coino along."
Carter stood looking after him.
"What iio yon want!"
"Ali, get a move on! Don't bestarin'
like a monkey!" was the flbarp reply.
" I 'in hungry.''
"I'm not." Carter's tone was impatient.
"Oli, you ain't, ain't you?" wns the
sarcastic rejoinder. "Thon what was
you doin' in th' brend-linot"
"Oh, 1- I—" stammored Carter.
"Aw, cut it out, bo!" advised tbe
other, kindly. "Me nnmo's Carney, and
1 ain't down on a man because he's
playin' tnhard luck. Lot's get on one
of them park benches an' have a bite
to eat."
Carter stared in surprise. "Ain't I
goin' ter give you half?"
Carter whistled; then ho whistled
again; after which, temporarily devoid
of spoo<',i, he trudged silentlv beside his
companion, until they came abreast of
a flaring restaurant where veal pios cost
a nickel each and ono could revel in the
real chicory nt two cents a cup.
Carter recovered his self-possession as
he gazed into the interior, where coffee
cups that looked like relics of the
Stone Age stood upon sloppy wooden
tables tkat aad etraage secrets to tell.
It was the foar hua«r«d aad eleventh
"Original Beefsteak John's," Words
can say no more.
"Suppose we go in," suggested Car-
tor.
The other swept bim a doubting oyo.
"Delmanico fer mine," was his aureus
tic comment.
Carter jingled some loose change in
his pocket. "Suppose we go in," he
repented.
"All right, bo," was the easy answer. But Carter, watching closely,
saw that the effort to appear unconcerned wns shaking him liko n leaf, and that
his weather-beaten face bad grown pale.
Then the door opened, and "Beefsteak
.lolm drew tho incongruous pair to his
capacious bosom.
When the loaf had been properly
wrapped in a stray newspaper, the Original Beef—etc., did his duty, while
Carter looked on and the waiter grinned
in sympathy. And in the intervals between a beefsteak pie and an Irish
stew, Carney told his Btory.
What that story was, Carter never
was able to recall. He was too occupied in wondering ut tho fearful gastronomic feats being performed on all
sides of him to do more tban nod at the
E roper times. Besides, hard luck stories
ave a curious sameness about them;
they all boil down to Carney's last sentence—which was the first that cnught
Carter's attention: "An' so I lost me
job.''
Carter had already risen to pay the
bill when Carney proudly threw n tintype on tho table. "That's the missus,'' he said, his weather-worn face
softening. "I bot she felt good whon
she found that two dollars in the letter
to-day.''
"Two dollars!"
'(Sure, 1 told ye that.'' 1. arney 's
tone was reproachful, "Didn't I "earn
it down in West Street?"
"Why didn't'you got something to
eat?" demanded Carter.
"Didn't J have a loaf every night!"
was the accusing reply. "An' hadn't I
to put up a bluff to th' old lady!"
Carter, cursed with the artistic temperament, cast a' quick glance at the
stout, wide-faced figure in tho photo ;
graph, and drew back witb a shudder.
"Where have you been sleeping?" he1
asked,
"Is it Bloeping?" Carney waa follow-;
ing the outlines of hiB wife's heavy
features with a stubby forefinger, a satisfied smile upon his face. "In the
paTk," ho ondod absently.
It was thon that, urged by a little vagrant quiver of emotion, Carter did a
foolish thing—exactly how foolish he
quite failed to realize until hia invitation had boen accepted and ho found
himself alone in his apartment with his
now friond.
It was a small apartment of three
rooms—so small that thc presence of
Carnoy, red-faced, broad-shouldered,
massive, seemed instantly to pervade
the placo. As ho Bat in the living-room,
his burly individuality appeared to
overflow into Carter's bedroom, and
thenco into the small room,reserved for
his Japanese servant, with an intensity
that made Carter for tho first time note
the man's bigness and roughness.
"A mighty nice place," wns Carney's outspoken opinion, ns ho sat in a
Morris chair and dominated thc scone.
"An* I'm glad t' know ye."
Carter mentally cursed his own impulsiveness. Of course ho couldn't have
let the man sleep in the park; but there
was no need to play tho fool and bring
him home. There were plenty of lodging-houses—why had he not remembered? He came to himself with a
start	
"It do boat all how they build in
them bookcases," Carney was saying.
And at the words Carter sharply realized the unpleasant seriousness of his position.
Late that afternoon he had received
from his mother's jeweler a pearl necklace, whieh had been undergoing repairB
aud which, in the early morning, he was
to take down to her Long Island home.
The package .now lay in the very bookcase—a frail affair of glass and wood-
that had caught Carney's attention.
Worse than all, it was directly to tbe
left of tho couch which, he had already
explained to Carnoy, was to serve him
for the night.
Carter thought rapidly, while the unconscious cnuso of his perplexity slowly
removed his shoos. Knrly in the evening his servant had askod permission to
spend the night in Jersey, so that, by
a rare mischance, Carter was absolutely
alone. If only Yasuya had beeu with
him! he reflected. The Jap and be could
have handlod the situation without any
trouble.
"I'll be leavin' early," Carnoy was
saying. " Thoro 'a a elmneet fer a job
down on West Street, an' I'm goin' t'
be Johnnyon the spot, an' don't ye
fcrget it.''
lle carefully folded his threadbare
coat and stretched it across a chair, and
in his bedraggled shirl-slocves lookod
ten times moro formidable thnn beforo
—so formidable that Carter was un
pleasantly impressed.
He stopped to the bookcase and chose
a book with some care, managing at
the snme time to get hold of thc pack
ago containing the necklace. Then ho
turned to bid his guest good-night.
"I'll be awake when you go," he assured Carnoy. "I'm a very light sleeper. ''
"Ycr," replied Carney, composing
his hoavy figure on the sofa. "But
don't givo yerpclf any trouble. An' I'm
obliged fer the night!s lodgin'."
Once in his room. Carter went over
the situation. He wns aloue with a
man whom he had virtually pickod up
on the street; he had some valuable
jewels In his possession; and he was a
very sound sleeper. He had not told
Carney the truth. Once really asleep,
nothing short of nn earthquake would
awaken him. And in tho meanwhile the
man in tho next room	
He peered furtively through the open
doorway. Carney lay sprawled upon
thn sofa, alroady asleep, one huge hand
relaxed upon the floor. In the night-
light filtering through the transom, he
bulked larger than ever, while upon
his face there seemed to he a scowl that
Carter had not before noticed!
There was only ono thing to do—he
mast keep awake! 80, placing the packet of jewels under bis pitltw, he laid a
was
rero
self L
The
a do:
mot
d
III];
imiu
Ighty
onshri
,rte
Ca
ma
sou
next
had
Wn
been
now ]
'diver  beside him  and  settled  him-
" for a long vigil.
ie uight was very still. Far down,
lo?en stories below, was tbo noise of
'.ors, of street-cars, all the multitu-
111s sounds which blend to make tbe
'ity voice of Now York But in tho
rouding fog these sounds came to
er very faint and far away. And
storing and dominating all was the
nd of the sleeper's breathing iu the
:t room.
tflBentUy   this   sound   ceased;   and,
peering out, Carter saw that the man
'hanged his position tin the couch.
'as he asleep!    Or had tbe sleeping
"»ii only a pretense? And wbb he evon
preparing*to abandon itt,
Stealthily, as though ho himself were
a burglar, Carter crossed to his side, revolver In hand, satisfied himself that
tbe man was still asleep, and returned
to bed; after whleh his lonely vigil
begau anew.
Half an hour later Carter found himself desperately sleepy, To arouse himself he kept his gaze fastened on tho
formidable figure on tho bed, noting
the man V t romendous shoulders, bis
mighty hands, the grim set of his heavy
jaws. He hail boon a fool, ho told himself, to bring the man into his apartment; he would pay for it with a sleepless night. And, having so decided, he
closed his eyes for aa instant and fell
into a heavy dreamless slumber that
lasted   until   morning.
Me awoke to find Carney gone, and
Lhe superintendent of the building at
the door.
"You're n lucky man, Mr. Carter'/'
that individual's greeting. "As it
1, we got both of them; they're pretty
;e!l banged up, of course, but we've
jot them. It was the boldest thing I've
icard of lately."
Carter swopt one hand beneath his
pillow, found the packet intact, and
offered congratulations, "Who was the
second man!''
1 'The elevator man. "
"The eJovator man!" Carter's face
allowed his surprise, '' I don't understand. "
"You see, it was this way," explained the superintendent. "The Jap tried
it first, and the elevator man waited in
the hall. Well, no sooner did' the Jap
get inside—he had his own key, you
know—than the chap you brought in
jumped for' bim. Then the elevator
man took a hand and there was trouble.
It "
Carter interrupted. "Bo you mean
to tell me Yasuya tried to rob me?"
The superintendent nodded. "They
tell me he was hanging around the engine-room n,II the evening. It seems he
thought there wns something in the
bookcase.    But that chap you brought
Yes?" cried Carter breathlessly.
Well," declared the superintendent
judicially, "if those fellows can keep
their features the queer way your
friend Carney knocked them, they'll
make a fortune on the vaudeville
-tage,''
"And Carney"—Carter demanded in
excitement—"where is Carney?"
"Carney went early; had a job down
West Street. Left a package for you
on the table."
With a hound Carter reached the
table, picked up the package that lay
there, and unrolled it.
"Now isn't that funny!" exclaimed
the superintendent, as he saw tbe contents. "The beggar's gone and left
you half a loaf."
tbe Italian nobility carried silken
screens, resembling small throne canopies, for protection against the eun.
The parasol was curried even on horse
back, thc stick being fastened to tbe
rider's leg. The idea found favor iu
Kngland and a parasol was carried on
tho Btago, in a play produced iu tk**
yeur 1«16.
The parasol appears .to lfttve boen
introduced into Italy from the Kast
This inference is drawn from a pus-
sago in the description which the
French engineer Salomon de Cans gives
in Ifii'O of tho fountains with which
he had adorned the park of Heidelberg
Castle. Speaking of one of these fountains he says that the figure carries a
suushnde or Indian head covering, also
culled 11 tiresol, from which the water
flows.
From the way in which tlio Knglish
philosopher Locke, in describing a visit
to Prance in 1075, speaks of the parasols carried by French ladies, it !b evident thut the parasol wns still almost
unknown iu Kngland.
The description of Robinson's Cm*
soe's umbrella in Defoe's famous work,
which was published in 1710, probably
did much to make the umbrella popular,
as u protection against both sun and
rain.
About this time rain umbrellas made
their first appearance in Kngland in a
singular wai", by being rented by the
hour to students at Oxford and Cam
bridge.   The umbrella-carrying student
worn    1onrtli«.i    ■■*      -■■'-
THE   EVOLUTION   OF   THE   UMBRELLA
The invention of the umbrella was
suggested by the broad leaves of tropical plant b, and the lirst practical umbrella was an imitation leaf, made of
somo light fabric, and fastened to a
stick. In oriental countries tho umbrella has retained this primitive, fan-
like form through many centuries to
the present day. In those regions,
however, rain i.s comparatively infrequent, and when it comes, it is so violent and long-continued that no umbrella would be of much use. Hence
tbe umbrella was originally employed
as a sunshade. These fan shaped
parasols are depicted in Egyptian inscriptions as ancient as the year 1170
B.C.
The modern umbrella appears to be
an imitation not of a single leaf, but
of a widely branching tree. The inventor of the folding umbrella is unknown. A passage in the Oreek play
"The Knights," written hy Aristophanes in the fifth century B.C., apparently refers to a folding parasol, and
sunshades of this charactor nre represented on antique Greek vases. This
might Beetn to complete the story of
thit development, of the umbrella, but
thnt useful article bas since undergone
many changes and has been tbe subject of numerous laws and ordinances.
The Roman ladies adopted tbe parasol from the Greeks, as is shown by
various passages in the works of Roman
writers. The parasol was usually carried by a slave, The stick was made
of bamboo, and the cover wns variegated fabrics. The use of the parasol was not confined to women. The
poet CInudianus complains thnt tho effeminate Roman youths of the period
(B.C. ,'10!)), instead nf carrying off Sabine virgins, enrried sunshades.
The first mention of the employment
of tho umbrella as n protection ngainst
rain occurs in the letters of Alcuin, a
highly educated Knglishman, who was
the tutor and friend of Chnrlemagae.
A letter addressed to the Bishop of
Salsbury in the year 8ft0 contains the
words: "Olcuin sendB the Bishop a
'roof to protect his venerable head
from thc rnin." Umbrellas were not
generally employed for this purpose un
til many centuries later.
In tho middlo ages tho umbrella was
a mark of ronk and honor. Aftor tho
year 1176 a gorgeous umbrella was always carried before tho Dogo of Venice,
whether the sun shone or not. The
manuscript chronicle of the Council of
Constance (3411-1418) contains a picture of tbe Pope's umbrolln of state.
Thn umbrella is depicted with a large
triangular piece cut away, but this
was done merely to show the head of
tho bearer and must not be taken ns
representing  the  reality.
From the fact that Leonardo do Vinci
in the yonr 3500 uses the word "tent"
lu describing his newly invented parachute, it is evident that the umbrella
was then unknown in Italy. In France
the umbrella, or parasol, waB a rarity
and an object of ridicule as late as
1598.
About this time parasols began to
be used in Italy. The English traveller Thomas Ooryate, in 1611, wrote tbat;
.„ ...iwiBMn-uttrrying students
were   laughed   at,   but   not,  otherwise
molested. Subsequently tiie pniinn
thropist Jonas Hanwey strongly advocated the use of the umbrella and nover
appeared in public without a Inrge and
gaily colored umbrella, wnich he had
brought from the enst. He attracted
crowds, and dorisive epithets were
hurled at him from the windows. Hanwey 'a force of character and imperturbable calm were required to make the
umbrella popular. Others began to
follow his example, and, although his
umbrella was long caricatured in the
journals, the philanthropist, in his old
age, Imd the satisfaction of seeing many
umbrellas usod in London by liis fellow townsmen.
In the 18th century, also, inventors
began to direct their attention to the
improvement of the umbrella. The
first rank in the production of um-
brollns was soon taken by France, whore
a guild of umbrella makers was founded by Louis XV., in opposition to the
turners, who claimed the right to monopolize the new industry. At this time
appeared the "broken" unbrella, thc
stick of which was jointed, so thutjth.e
cover could be inclined againBt slanting
rniniall or sunshine, without holding
the stick very obliquely. These umbrellas were sold in Paris in 17fif* for
threo or four dollars apiece.
In Germany, the manufacture of umbrellas was inaugurated in 1755 at Uur-
emberg. Soon, however, it was objected that enrrying an umbrella advertised the bearer's inability to keep
a carriage.
Between 1701 and 1843 sixty French
patents were granted for improvements
in umbrellas. These devices included
umbrella-canes, telescoping umbrellas,
umbrellas combined with opera-glasses
and writing implements, and oven tho
automatic umbrella, which opens when
a button is pressed und which is regarded as a novelty today. In 1776
thc Abbe Bortholon de St. La/are invented an umbrella provided witb a
lightning rod, for use in thunder
storms. The stick contained a pointed metal rod which could be taken out
and screwed on the top of the opened
umbrella. The earth connection was
made by means of a long piece of gilt
cord, which trniled on the ground and
terminated in n metal -ball. The ball
nnd cord were carried in the pocket
when not iii use.
Whon the invention "of the air balloon revived interest in the parachute,
thc first experiments were made with
ordinary umbrellas, In 1783 the physicist Le Normaud accomplished tho first
successful descent, irom tho top of a
treo, with two umbrellas, and in 1707
Gamerin descended from a balloon with
the aid of one immense umbrella.
Even in /the 38th century the umbrolln bad many opponents and formed
a favorito subject of caricatures, in
wliich it served as a mark of old-foggy -
ism and stupidity. The absent-minded
German professor who is always forgetting his umbrella '*•*** become a classical
comic character, but an honorable one,
for a man of scienco should be occupied with things more important thnn
umbrellas,
BARBARA FRIETOHIE'S  FLAG  OF
MANY COLORS
Paul Keviore, we were told about a
year ago, never took hts Celebrated ride
at all. And now they're doubting even
poor old Barbara Frietchic. "Sad
news," writes tl^e New York Evening
Post, "but true," and Henry Clay
Naill, who diod in Baltimore a day or
two ago, is the cnuso of it all. Noil!
was a stump speaker for the Republican
pnrty in many states and for mnny de
cades. He had seeu every president
from John Qui ney Adams on, and knew
nbout all the gossip going on in every
state in thc union. But Maryland
was his particular stamping-ground, and
the little town of Frederick had been
his home for years.     Indeed:
Ho wns well acquainted with Dame
Barbara—hnd "known hor from hip In-
fancy, and hnd sat on hcr lap many a
timo," as he expressed it. The legend,
ns immortalized in Whittier's poem, is
well known. It has beon claimed that
the incident occurred just as told in
the poem, but it has also been asserted
tbat the heroine was a Mrs. Quantrell,
a relativec of tho guerrilla leader.
Those who advance the latter theory
usually   declare   that   the  soldiers  did;
Cured in Bumsvilli, Ont.
"After a long experience with different pain remedies, I am convinced that
none are equal to Nerviline. I was
taken with a cold in my chest, which
later developed iuto a sort of chronic
bronchitis. Every time 1 coughed it
seemed to rack and tear my whole
chest. I was also subject to a great
stiffness in my joints, especially about
the knees and shoulders, and experienced much pain in my muscles. To cure
my chest troubles I first rubbed on
'Nerviline' copiously for two days, aud
then put a Nerviline Porous Plaster
over the sore region. I got quick relief,
Rubbing the sore muscles and aching
joints with Nerviline did moro tban all
other treatments combined. By the aid
of Nerviline and tbese wonderful Nerviline Porous Plasters almost any ache.
and certainly uny kind, of inflammatory
cold can be curod.
(Signed)  "Mrs.  W. J. Sharpe,
"Beamsvitle."
All druggists sell Nerviline tn 25?
und 50fl bottles.   Get it today.
not pass within three blocks of Bor-
bara'fl home. \
According to Mr. Naill both stone*
are right and both wrong. He said
that while Stonewall's soldiers were
passing Barbara's bouse, several of
them ontored her garden and drew
water from the well without asking
cousent of the old woman, who was
churning on the porch. Upon being
acridly ordered away, two of them went
onto the porch and pretended to be
about to slake their thirst with Barbara's buttermilk. Her wrath grew te
fury, and, in mingled Knglish and Pennsylvania Dutch, she gave them her
unflattering personal opinion of themselves, their army, and government, and
the military profession in general. Her
speeches were received with laughter
and mock applause, und the soldiers
then moved on. According to Mr.
Naill, thoro wus no flag displayed, and
Barbara's sentiments, expressed and
unexpressed, were rallied around the
single principle of "No trespassing."
Further down the streot was Mrs.
tjuantrell, a younger woman, with as
eye to dramatic effect, and a presumed
confidence that tho consequences of a
little show of patriotism would not be
vory serious. She ran to her front
gate, waving a small American flag.
The young fellows who composed the
army were not grim fanatics in a holy
war, and the excited woman in calico,
waving hcr little Hag in defiance of
the marchers, roused only their sense
of humor. They saluted her derisively,
askod if she wero prepared to accept
their surrender, laughed aud chaffed
at her untilt she got tired and went
within.* The' general's command was
simply, "Pay no attention to ber."
These two incidents furnished the
only excitement of the passage of the
troops through the little village. The
two stories wore well understood at
bomo, but when they travelled they
got mixed, nnd grow in such a way a#
to confer immortality upon thc ludy
who wub angered at the impudent lads
wbo threatened to drink her buttermilk. As for Mrs. (Quantrell, her immortality takes thc form of an occasional paragraph in the "Answers to
Correspondents4' i column. According
to Mr. Naill, she undoubtedly wavod
a flag, but it was his cynical opinion
thut she know she wus perfectly safe
but wanted to bo a village heroine.
Thut the credit should go to tbe choleric Barbara and that the story should
be told to all the nation, with accom
paniments of crashing ballets uud
dramatic commands, was a matter of
bitter grief to the actual heroine of
the flag episode. But it was a sub
jeet of keen amusement te the neighbors, an amusement which Mr. Naill
shared to the' utmost.
HOW BIRDS KEEP WARM
Tho high temperature of birds en
aides them to resist cold more effective
ly than they could otherwise do. Where
as blood heat in man is 06.4 degrees
Fahrenheit it is 107 degrees io tbo domestic fow) and more in some other birds.
Nevertheless they feel the cold cruelly,
as you may see any frosty night if you
visit an ivy creeper clad wall with a
lantern; the sparrows nettle together
in a closely packed muss, and if there
be a chimney you mny be Bare tbe birds
will have chosen its exterior as their
roosting place for the sake of such
warmth as it may give. \
SHADOW 50 MILES LMTO I
Thc Peak of Tencriffe projects a bugs
shadow stretching upward of fifty miles
across the deep, and part)/ eclipsing the
adjoining islnnds. Exaggerated shadows
of immense size are commonly seen in
many other places. On the Hartz Moun
tnins thc so-called Spectre of the
Brocken throws gigantic shadows of
mountain climbers into the sky, repeat,
ng every movement made by them. The
same occurs on thu summit of Pambu
murcu, iu Peru. On tbo tope of Alpine
peaks, and on the summit of Ben Lorn
ond, in Scotland, mists in one ense and
rarefied air iu the ether explain thos*-
optical illusions. Thc same causes pro
duce also colored shadows, varying at
ench hour.of the duy. and troeosble to
the dispersion of the solar rays
Thc ease with which corns and warts
can be removed by Holloway's Corn
Cure is its strongest recommendation. It
seldom  fails.
The Beauty of  a  Clear Skin.---Thi-
Condition 01 the liver regulates the coo
lition of the blood. A disordered liver
causes impurities in the hlood and these
show themselves in bleroiahee on the
skin. Parmelee's Vogetable Pills in
acting upon the liver act upon the blood
and n clear, healthy skin will follow in
tetligent use of this standard medicine.
Ladies, who will fully appreciate this
prime quality of those pills, can use
them with the cortainty that the effect
will be mosl gratifying.
NAblu^sPEpsi^BLETs
relieve ud cure Indigestion—acidity ol Ibe •'-•  m   __mmm—
—dyspepsia.   Thfy re-lnlorce Ihe siomech by wpplylnj Ihe tcflre priscMei
needed lor the digestion ol ell kinds ol food.   Try one (Iter eufc ml.
6O0. «boi.   II your druggist bu not Hooked tbem yet. mat u |fe
Ud we will mall you t boi. «
Nelfaul Dim ud Ch.mic.l Campuir o* Canula, Limited.
106
aSL THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, BC
THE    ISLANDER
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,   B.C.,   by
The Islmidei Printing' & Publishing Company
Charles C. Seoiuve,
Managing Editor.
Advertising ra'e» iiul'li-lied elsewhere t:. (.!><•   m
Subscription price $1.60 per year, payable m ud vania
The editor doe« not hold  hiuut'lf responsible for views expressed by
SATURDAY, OCT. 14,   1911.
What the Editor has to say.
Referring to what the editor had to say in our last isstip,
we think out' Provincial Police should take action in the case
of boys of twelve or thirteen years of age going round with rifles, not all of them small sizes either, though these are very
dangerous in so young and inexperienced hands, the law is def
inite as to the age allowed to carry and use a gun. Our police
ure paid to carry out the law, and a word to the wise should be
sufficient.
We were more than pleased to read Mr. Ramsay's letter
in The News. That gentleman is one of the few practical and
qualified sportsmen of this district, and his letter should earn
weight with all thinking persons; we trust that it will do so
und materially assist in preventing those deplorable so called
accidents brought about by the pure ignorance of the users of
what in incompetent hands are dangerous weapons, and so graphically described by Mr. Ramsay.
We again desire to congratulate our Mayor and Council
upon the coutinual good work being doue on our back streets
the removal of the hills and leveling up the holes formed by
Dame Nature in the past centuries, and so rounding up and
forming the roadbed that the water may at last escape into its
proper channels, deserves a word of praise, but even this improvement does not meet with everphody's approval.
We heard of one of our local tradesmen complaining that
the business street was entitled to first consideration. Wt
would remind him that dwellers and property owners of back
streets are taxed and are equally entitled to their share in improvements.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L, PRESIDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 REST, -  $8,000,000
FARMERS'  BUSINESS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
oo application.
BANKING  BY  MAIL
Account* may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank, 4231
CaiVtH   KLAND BKANCH.     W. T. WHITE, Manager.
FRUIT TREES
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Ltd.
Somenos, V.I.
The Property known as
McPhee's Orchard
is'now being subdivided into lota.
For Full Particulars Apply
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock P. L. ANDERTON,
... Accident.. Phone 22,     Courtenay, B. C.
GDIBBEftLJH LlllEftV SldfiLES
CLOUTIER * KIRKBRIDE
PROPRIETORS
Whilst on the subject of back streets, the residents thinl
tliey are entitled to more police protection than they receive.
The roaming cow is pasturing in the well kept gardens a
night; only a few days ago a complaint reached us of a case in
point, also bicycle riding is rife upon our sidewalk.
The Islander is highly pleased to know that the City
Council has had the lands for the sewerage checked by a practical surveyor with a view of starting the work nt an early
date. As is well known we have always given our strongest
support to that improvement.
ISUPEfl MUSING BRTES
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month.
Specinl rale for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 conUi.
No aceounts run fur -'tis class of advertising
All Kinds of Hauling Uone
FM Glass Bigs For Hire.
Orders Promptly Attended to
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before ins uring else
where
Office: Cumberland
.1 FINE LINE OF NEW
MATERIALS JUST Rli-
•   :   -   CEIVED   :   :   :
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR AVENUE
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
3 ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
sssBest on the Coast sa
Pilsener Brewing Co.
Cumberland, B.C.
 il
FANC\   CHINAWARE
A good assortment, of Berry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
A Full Stock ol Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
$
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
IFOiR, SALE
CLEARED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
.1 Colts..
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer in Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
J^, Billiard Room in connection
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing 11 Specialty
Tl■ ird Ave., Cumberland
Sale of Mineral Claims for unpaid taxes in the Comox
Assessment District.
I hereby iin notice thnl, in Monday, the 6lh day of Noterot"r 1911, 4 I) , st Hi ■ li mr nt irn n'olnek in iha
forenoon, itt ihe Oimrt H'-tiie, Cumber and, I shall oflVr 'or lule et Poblio Auction llm J1i"«»| Claims in ihn list here
inal'erset nut. ol tbe perion* ii Ibe said lilt herein al'er eet oir.nl whloh Crown 'ir, ts ha<'e been U'ued, hr the
tti s renieioiuii unpaid and delinquent by laid pi'tiooi on tbe 30 b day 0'June 1911, and Lt ccett und nje set, il
tbe total amouut due It not lOooei pail.
LIST ABOVE MENTIONED.
Owner
Name of Claim
Lot No.
Taxes
Costs
Total
)ooooooo«ooooooooo:ooooooo^
P. PHILLIPS HARRISON
Barrister,   Solicitor   and 1
Notary l'ublic.
Crane, Charles E	
Crane, ('Maries K	
Burns, W. E,	
Burns, W. E	
British American Development
Syndicate	
British American Development
Syndicate	
Union	
Electric 	
Sunset	
Molly Qibsnn
'upper Queen
Copper Prince
S16 Coast District li. I
317 Coast District B. I
35N Coast District it. ]
359 Coast District K. 1
»382 flroup 1,  N.W.D...
•2083 Grnup 1,  N.W.D...
12 75   1 a 00
12 75    ; 1! 1,0
12 00    ; 2 00
12 50    '• 2 00
10 00 , 2 00
13 00
2 00
14 75
14 75
14 00
14 50
12 00
15 00
Lated at Cnmberland, B. C, 6th Ootober 1911
JOHN BAIRD,
Deputy Assessor and Collector, Comox Distriot.
—
MB M
THK IBLATOKR CUMBMKLASB, fl.G.
THE
BIG
STORE
FALL Millinery.
We have a Splendid Showing for PayOay of Ready*
to*Wear and Trimmed Hats
of the very latest Parisian
snd American styles, at
Very Moderate Prices.
COME IN AND SEE
OCR DISPLAY.
A Store Pull of the Most Up
to*date of all lines of
W£M*  GOODS.
SIMON LB k CO., LH
G. M* ASTON
f
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
1
1
_i Mk a Speci
ift
Dunsi
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
muir Ave   : ::   Cumb
erland
The Russell
AUTOMOBILE
The only Car Made
in   America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland. Brantford, Maseey-Harris, Perfect nnd Blue Flyer Bioy-
oles; itarbanka Moree Oae Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighti.ig Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycle*, Sewing Hackinei, Cum, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground
Rubber Tire* for Baby Carriages.   Hoops jor Tabs
THIRD STREET, CUMBERLAND.
TP IIEIII EIRLMD HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR St BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR AVENUE   :   :   :    CUMBERLAND, B. C.
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE.
MOTICE ii hereby given thtt th. nt-
« ' ci ve tinting by reason of a notice
puMishe-l in the Uruiah Columbia Gal
ette nf 27 li December 1907, nver a pur
col of lam) titunted nn Read Island
known u Lot No', 452 Snjnaicl District,
formerly con rei by Timber License No.
'J8H62 which License expired on the 20 h
November Willi in cancilltd, »nd the
•aid Isi da will ia opened to location by
pre-emption only at midnight on Friday
15th October 1911.
ROBT. A. UBNWIOK,
Deputy Minister uf Land.
Department of Lvda,
Victoria, B. C, 5th July 1911.
jy!63ni
PUBLIC HIGHWAYS.
Pkosikck of British Columbia.
NOTICE is hereby given that all Pub
lid Highways in unorganized district., and all Main Trunk Roada in nr
iranized Districts are sixty-six feet wide
and have a width of thirty-three feet on
each side of the mean straight centte
line of th. travelled road.
THOMAS TAYLOR,
Minister of Publio Workt.
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B. 0., July 7th, 1911.
jyl63m
ThfivTi
Star
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
R     HORNAL
Proprietor
AU kinds of hauling done
Pirst-olass Rigs for Hire_.
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
BgUM
Union Lodgr No  11, I. 0. 0. F.
Meets every Friday evening at 7 oolock
in I. 0. 0. F. Hall. Visiting brethern
welcome.
Jas E. Aston, Secretary
»A^»>»v»<wWWW
■WWVVw^mWWMWW^
Grocers & Bakers
De tiers in all kinds of " rid
Wet Goods |
Best Bre.irl and Beer in To-. I
Agents for Pilsener Bee<
THB
CUMBERLAND
=HOTEL=
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
Tiie finest hotel in the city.
Iff  IHJHEfl
$1.50
a Year
i
Mammoth
Creditors'
SALE
is on in Pull
Blast.
Many hundreds of eager purchasers have taken
advantage of this great selling event, and if you
could see tlieir smiles oj delight o'er the grand bargains, you'd realize your misfortune in not being one
of the fortunate ones to attend.
Every Purchaser More Than Surprised!
when th'y saw how low the goods arc. priced, and
being wise, took advantage of this most marvelous
price-wrecking scde. Bear in mind the sale is still on
in full blast and continues len days.
Be}-{ere Monday-Don t Wait and be Sorry.
f
Giving Away $500 Worth of
Merchandise During This Sale!
Many have received FREE more than their purchase
amounted to. Have you inestigated it',' Don't delay. Come every day. Come where there are no disappointments in bargain offerings, ■
I    111
THE CORNER STORE
CUMBERLAND
C. H. TARBELL
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
etc.
AGENTS   FOR
The McClary  Manufactuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints   - TUE  1SLANDEB,  CUMBERLAND.  B.C.
$1,000 REWARD
For a Case of Incurable Constipation
To a person who can't bo curod of
constipation by Ur. Hamilton'« Pills,
tlio above reward will In: paid. No cn
thartio medicino gives Bitch lasting
satisfaction or effects sucb marvellous
cures as Dr. Hamilton's Pills, Belief
immediately follows fur houdai hOj biliousness anil stomach disorders. No
griping pains, no burning sensations,
nothing but tlio most pleasant relief
attends tbe use of Dr, Hamilton'c Pills
others not so goo.I. Price 28o :t hox,
at all dealers.
DIAMONDS FROM SUGAB
It can be stated with perfect truth
that u lump of sugar may ba turned
into diamonds. Not all tbe substance
of the sugar, of courso, will enter into
lho composition of the gem, but only
tht; carbon that it contains. Sugar Colli
sists of carbon united witli oxygen and
hydrogen.
The carbon can bo easily separated
out, anil in rcrtaln experiments for the
production of diamonds this sugar carbon has been employed. Tht1 diamonds
so produced wore, of course, very small
and destitute of commercial vnlue, but
still thoy are real diamonds, and thc
chemical result achieved would be no
greater intrinsically if thev were as
large us the Kob i nur.
The hope lias often boon held out
that an improvement in tho process
of manufacturing diamonds may bo effected whereby the necessity of dissolving the carbon in molten iron may bo
dispensed with, nnd the required com*
bination of great pressure with great
heat may be brought about by somo
such operation as squee/.ing the carbon
between red hot metal plates.
"Is you all look in' for trouble?"
"H'pOBin1   I   is,  or  s'pbsln'   1   ain't.
What about it?"
"Well, if you is, you's wastin' yoil
time.     You kin shot yob eyes an' listen
to it talk in' to you right here.
"That," said tho professor, "is an
Egyptian queen. Sho is at least, 3,000
years old."
"My!" exclaimed the girl with large
fluffy hair; "I'll bot she'd In
If she Une
vou were telling It.
TUE QUEER ABGAH TREE
Among the most remarkable trees of
the world is the argon, wliich abounds
in Southern Morocco, but. is seldom seon
elsewhere. A "forest'' of argans has
a curious scattered appearance, because
the trees grow singly and far apart.
They are very leafy, bnt seldom exceed
twenty feet in height. The branches
put out horizontally, and begin a yard
nbove the ground. Sheep, cattle and
camels feed on the leaves, and goats
will stand on their hind legs to reach
them, but horses and mules refuse to
touch them. The wood is very hard,
and extremely useful to the natives,
who make charcoal from it. The fruit,
resembling a largo (dive, is used to feed
cattle and to manufacture a valuable
oil. It also furnishes the principal sns-
tonncc of many of the poorer natives.
-DODD'S '0
fKIDNEY
th, PIUS J
'I should think yon would give that
hired man a good scolding.'' said the
summer  boarder.
' 'Taint any  uso,"   roplied   I'annor
Goratossel.      That    hired    mnu
got an idea that lisfenin' Lo me
is the  way he earns jits wages,'
has
icold
"Could  you wait on  me. before tl:
others!" asked tho woman in the drug
store.     "I am in it great hurry."
The drug clerk complied aud tilled
her prescription immediately
"Thank you so much," she saitl. "1
am afraid thot Fide will awnke before
I return antl miss mo."
"I thought there would be trouble
when you discovered that those two
pokor players were In collusion."
"Yes," roplied throe finger rVam. "It
looked ilangorous till they explained
that they weren't cheating but wore
merely operating undor a gentleman's
agreement. "
"Doctor, I want yon to look after
my   oflice   while   I   am   oa   vacation.''
"But I've just graduated, doctor.
Huve had no experience."
"That's   ;ill   right,   my   boy.       My
practice   is   strictly   fashionable.     Tell
the  mon   to  play,  golf,  and   ship   iho
lady  patients off to  Kurope."
*    *    *
"You aro in very bad shape indeed.
What you need is some sort of a now
sensation, that will altogether change
your outlook upon lifo, something to
startle your system, as it were. What
is your business?"
"I am  an  anarchist."
"Then take a bath."
"Now that you've heard my daughter sing, what would you advise ine
t
^50RBINEKF
Swollen, Varicose Vein*, Bad Left*
«toi tre, Wen,< iout and Wienmatlc !>©•
lioKtM, Hiiruirm nn<l limine... rraponil
ciul(!i!ytotIioiiclinnofAI!S«lCHINl-J,JB.
Ar.n:c,ti(VilinK,sootiiln«,:iiili'.;i'|)UcUnin]t)nti
that, [unci rates iu the seat of trouble asalst-
inii nature to taal-.n pe.rirmntiDt recover}-.
Allays pain and intlainmnlion. Aitlri anj
pleasant to use—quickly alisurlHXl Into thirties, SticrcKsf nl in other I'usc.s, why nut, ia
your**   AB*Ottl*INM,.IIt.,tl :md Rprr
bottlo   .iLtlrugglsUi ur delivered,   llook 1 ti free.
W.F.YOUM,F.D.F..210Lvmansmdn*Momrei1,Can.
Also ntrnlibed bf Martin Bolt * Wynne na. Wlnnhw •
ThnNitllmi'] I i.u- .m.| Oii.-mkitl 0..i„ UmidjrK* UmI|.mi-".
kd ll.]«t.r»uu i.rua. .~ 1-UL. Vucuuve..
:,l-n rumltthed l<r Martin Uol« * *
« NaUNii.il ■  ' '
i c* lAd.. VeuD-v*-.
ui _*■_;&.
Dr. Mattel's Female Pills
EIGHTEEN YEARS TBE STANDAU
maoiWS ud neemaiiodMl tor mun'i tit
Mrta, i identtflee&y prepared remedy ti
mm worth. Tks renlt tttm thtir ua to
■tick e-i  puiuNi  Tei  eeke ek  eD lnt
Chilliwack,   British   Columbia
Tfat Osrdsn of B.C., iu th* ftmoui FrtHf
'ell'1 Kiumi UnnitiK end fruit Und in thf
••rid Irnctihiii unknywn. B.O. Electric Ky
t-nai Vannouffr; C.N.K. treniroiitii. ent*l and
*i\ Northern building. <.hilliwat-k ■ modern
«»F—wetnrworks, electric light, nc. Green
*»»•■ the yetr round. Th* Preirie Men'i
f"»/»4iie—uo   fron,   no  foot  month'!  taow.
Writ* H. T. Good Und, Secy. Bosrd of
iTtdfl, Otailllwerk. for ill informeiiou. book'
•Ms   inepi.  tir-THRS  COME
"Well," the music muster roplied
"1 hardly know. Don't you suppose
you eould got hor interested in settlement work or horseback riding, or something like thutt"
A small boy, after examining the
contents of the window at a Glasgow
sweet shop,  wont  inside mul  inquired:
"Ilow mnny o1 time sugar balls due
ye gie for a lia'enny?"
On beiug told that thoy wore ti penny
each, he appeared very disconsolate,
and was turning to the tloor whim suddenly an I don struck him, and. return
ing to the counter, he asked this time:
"lion lung will ye lot me keop auo
in my,mouth for a ha'penny ?"
"Very suspicious.man, they say.'
"Very.      Bought  n  dictionary  last
week, and now he's counting the words
to see if it contains iis many as tlio pub
Ushers olalm."
"1 wish I knew some way to make
religion moro attractive to the masses.''
, " Why not have a description of
heaven written by one of these mon
who write descriptions of summer resorts for thc railroads?"
motor witli Ohl Sol's timepiece, aud
found there was a difference of two
hours. Obviously the figures oil the
sundial had boen misplaced. The
builder was sent, for and arrived,
"Have u look at that sundial again,''
saitl the owner, significantly. "It
makes the time eleven a.m., and, as
a matter of fnct, tho correct time is
ono p.m."
Tlio builder lookod loug autl earnest
ly at .his handiwork, aud theu shipped
his leg.
"Ah!" he exclaimed, with a proud
ring iu his vpico. "1 see wot it is,
sir. There's .something wrong with
the sun."
Wearily tho tramp wandered up tho
garden path ono summer's day and took
oil' his hat to the woman of the house.
She eyed  hint keenly.
"hook hole, are you the man I gavo
a big men I ono February mom ing f,:
sho.demanded sternly,
"I'm the man. mum." was the ro-
ply.
'' Well, >lo you remember you promised to shovel all tho snow ont of my
backyard and thon sneaked off without
doing it?" askod the woman.
"Yes, mum; an' me conscience smote
me," answered the tramp. "That's
the renson 1 tramped all the way hore
through the blazing sun to finish the
job."
HEMSTITCHING
Hemstitching ou tho machine is
piickly tlono iii the following manner:
Take two strips of your goods tho width
you tlesire between the hemstitching
and torn the edges of this goods in t4>o
same way as you would tlo if you wero
going to put insertion between. Now
take fifteen or twenty thicknesses of
grocery paper or newspaper and plnce
between the two strips of goods, holding the edges of the strips of goods and
the edges of the paper evenly togothor.
Now sew these edges togethor on the
machine with strong, rather coarse
thread, taking care to sow us closely
to tho edge of all as possible. When
finished pull tho paper away from the
goods. The longth of the stitch produced by placing several thicknesses of
the paper Oetwoen the goods forms a
hemstitch which is quiokly nud easily
made ami is very pretty. The width
of tiie hemstitch, theroforo, will bo according to the number of thicknesses of
paper which ynu use.
It makes an effective trimming for
linen waist and suits, or any wash ma
toriul, for that matter, both heavy and
sheer, fine thread being used for sheer
material, of course. Tt cnn be used to
make yokes, trim collars, cuffs and belts
on waists ami bands, panels and ruflles
on skirts. It eould be used on children's dresses and caps, or napkins,
table covers, dollies and towels. Thore
is no better trimming for underwear. It
is impossible to enumerate tho ways in
which it may be used as a trimming,
but each woman will find different ways
according to her needs. Its chief attraction is that it enn be done so rapidly, just as fast as one can sew on the
machine.
Another way to do quick hemstitching is to thaw nil the threads first and
baste the hems, the edge coming
thruugh the centre of the draw threads;
then loosen the tension of the machine
and stitch tlio hem on tho vory edge.
Remove the basting threads, hold the
material in both hands and draw the
body of tho garment nway from tho
hem. Tho stitching also hns the appearance of handwork.
CORNS, CORNS, CORNS
Tender corns, painful corns, soft
corns, bleeding corns, every kind of
corns that other remedies fail to curo—
that's a good many—yield quickly to
Putnam's rainless torn Extractor.
Used forty yoars iu many lands. Largest sale tu tho world. 1'utnam's Painless Com Extractor, The name, yon
see, tells its story. It romoveH corns
and does it painlessly, but hore is a
pointer: He sure you got Putnam's.
Sold by druggists, price 35fl.
Sir Ki
aid of
st Shackleton, in New Vork
piece of geographical ignor
Success
Business College
Ct. Pomp An. »1 UnntM St
WINNIPEG. MAN.
Courses — Bookkeeping,   Short    j
band, Typewriting It English
Pall t.rm now open.   Knter »nf lint..    W.
iw.t «nr st .id.iii. in icourinjt
Ifootl position.
Writ, i" -dl) lor l.rc* Ire* catalog!..
F. G. GARBUTT.
I'rtiifWnt
G. E. WIGGINS,
Principal
Every Woman
tatMrotTtf Md *mU haw
W1BDSOI
"It was incredible. It reminded me
of a little wai ting-maid. As she
brought me my tea and toast and bloater one morning 1 said to her:
" 'What a rainy morning, Wary! It's
almost like the Flood,'
" 'The Flood, sir? said the puzzled
maid.
"'Yes,' said 1. 'The Flood—Noah,
you know the Ark—Mount Ararat.'
"She shook hor head and murmured
apologetically: '1 ain't had no time toi
road the papers lately, sir.' "
The manager of tile theatro racked
his bruin in vain.
''We must tlo something,'' he repeated bitterly. "People will expect
us to do something to show respect
to the proprietor, now that he is
urad."
'' Shu li wc close for the night of
tho funeral?" suggested the assistant
stage-manager.
"With this businesst You're a fool,
laddie—a fool. No; put the chorus in
bluck stockings/'
The sergeant's oyes glistonod; at
last he bad struck a likely recruit.
The youth pushing a milk-cart along the
street was far too good for such work.
Me wns cut "tit for the army. Going
up to the milk-boy he asked, smiling
the while:
"Would yen liko to sorvc your king
and country, my ladt"
"Yos, rather,'1 came the reply, as
the boy picked up his measure. "Pint
or a quart?"
Sir Charlos Russell, when practising
at the Bar, was a noted cross-examiner,
and it was a shrewd witness who could
circumvent him. On one occasion, at
least, however, tho laugh was on him
by an innocently intended answer. Ho
was cross examining a witness in regard to certain hoof-prints by a horse
nn sandy soil.
"How large were tho prints?" asked Hir Charles. "Were they as large
as my hand?" holding up his hand for
the witness to see it.
"Oh, no," replied the man in tho
box; "they were just ordinary-sized
hoofs, sir."
I     e     e
It was a nice little homo, built specially to the owner's plnns, and had
everything up-to-date, with a few re
minders of the good old days. Por
instnnee, there wns a sundial placed
nt tho foot  of the garden.
On the (irst sonny day the owner
compared his own rellnble gold chrnnn
TheHtneaai
Below  will   be   found  the  pedigrees
of n number of the leading trotters of
the yenr. Uhlan, of course, lieadd tlm
list. Hfl is nn Electioneer, being by
Bingen 8:06 1-4, the greatest grandson
of Electioneer. Blonde, the dam of
Uhlan, produced several additional
foals, one of which took an amateur
wagon record at 2.13. Her sire, Sir
Walter, Jr.. ii.lS 1-4 (to high wheels)
was a good race liorse and well bred,
descending through Aberdeen 27 to
Hambletonian 10. Uhlan's second dam,
Brunette, was of short brooding, nevertheless she was a good trotter. Hor
sire was the saddle horse Black Eagle,
and her dam a man: sired by Rattan
501, and out of a mare supposed fo be
by the famous Whips.
The Harvester 2:01 traces to Hambletonian 10 on both sides, through his
two best sons, Electioneer aid Oeo.
Wilkos 2:22, and Cuyler 100 sire to bis
second dam. Tbo Harvester is what
wo would term a thorough-bred trotter,
and possessed extreme natural spoed
from colthood.
The fast trotting mare Sop-ino U:03
.1-4, that was the sensation at Cleveland, is by the dond Bellini Still 1-4,
ono of the hest grandsons of Humble
tonian 10, and her dnm is a daughter
of Elyria one of the best ftnns of the
famous sire Mnmbrino King.
Billy Burke 2:03 3-4, is what wc
would term a more up to dnte bred
trotter. Ho is an inbred Wilkes several generations back. His siro is a
grandson of Alcyone 227, ho by Geo.
Wilkes, and his dam is a granddaughter of Onward 2:25 1-4, also '■* «on of
Geo. Wilkes 2:22.
Joan 2:04 1-4, no doubt inherited
hor trotting speed from tho paternal
side. Her sire was a fast four-year-
old, and her grandsiro Directum 2:05
1-4, the bright star of tho Direct family, was thc world's champion four-
year-old for many years. Joan is entirely pacing bred on  her dam's side,
It Will Prevent Ulcerated Throat.—
At tho first symptoms of sore throat,
which presages ulceration and inflammation, take a spoonful of Br. Thomas'
Edeetric Oil. Add a little sugar to
make it palatable. It will allay tho
irritation and prevent the ulceration
and swelling that are so painful. Those
who woro periodically subject to quinsy
have thus made ttomsfllves immune to
&tta«k.
ami a number of these whoso names
appear iu her pedigree woro tho straps.
Onco again it is clearly proven that a
gnod headed steady trotter eau be produced by a pacing bred mare.
Hail worthy 2:05 1-4 is a strong* bred
gelding.| On the paternal side he
traces to Hambletonian 10 through two
famous horses, Axworthy 2:13 1-2 antl
Axtell 3, 2:12, and his dam is a granddaughter of Electioneer.
Don Labor 2:05 1-4, Is anothor Electioneer, His sire is by Sphinx 2:20 1-2,
one of Electioneer's leading sons, and
his dam is a grnnddaugbtor of Electricity 2:17 34, a son of Electioneer.
Dudie Archdale 2:00 1-4, the whipcord trotter of the Grand Circuit, was
sired by a grand bod of Electioneer, ami
her dam traces to Belmont 04.
R.T.C. 2:00 14, the crack stake trotter iu the Murphy string seems to huvo
inherltod his racing ability and speed
from his darn's side. She is by .i
son of Nutwood 2:18 3-4, f.h.» horse
that has sired the dams of so many
of our best race horses. R, T. ('. 's ifiro
was a pneer and is pacing brod, lie is
a son of that good pacing siro Del-
march 2:11 1-2.
Anvil 2:08 1-4 traces on his sire's
side back to Wilkes Boy $:24 12, one
of the best sons of Geo, Wilkes 2:22,
and to William U on his dam'si side
through her sire Emperor Wilkes
2:20 3-4.
One of the best bred trotters in
training is that sensational half miie
track trotter Kenyon W., 2:09 3-4. His
sire rtforcOB Bozzauris 2:21 was bred
in the purple. His siro was Nutwood
2:1S 3-4, and his dam Nora Wilkes, dam
of four by Geo. Wilkes 2:22. Val
Vernon dam of Konyon W. is by the
great Allerton 2:00 1-4, second dam by
the great pacing sire Alcantara 2.23.
Joe Bowers 2:00 1-4, Kcynon W.'s
speedy rival, carries a Strong infusion
of the Electioneer blood. His sire
Symbolcer 2:00 1-2, seems destined to
become one of tho greatost grandsons
of Electioneer 125. On his dam's
side .loe Bowers traces to Ashland
Wilkes 2:17 14, through Maurice Levy
2:29 1-2 the sire of his dam.
Bast but not least comes the pacing bred trotter, Argot Hal 2:07. Ho
is probably the first trotter thnt is on*
tirclv pacing bred to enter the select
2tl0 list.
Thero are a number of other very
fast trotters that are omitted in this
list owing to Inck of space and knowledge of their breeding. A few of
thoso that may appear at some future
dates are:—Brace Girdle 2:05 14,
Lewis Forrest 2:00 1-4, Belvasia 2:00
1-4, Gold Dollar 2:00 .1-4. Spanish
Queen 2:07, Justice Brook 3, 2:08 1-2,
Miss Stokes 8, 2:08 3-4, Mahomet Watts
2, 2:17 1-4 and etc.
Uhlan 1:68 3-4, by Bingen 2:00 1-4,
by May King 2:21 1-4, by Electioneer
125. Dam Blonde, by S'ir Walter, Jr.,
2:18 1-4, by Sir Walter 2:24 1-4; second
dam Brunette 2:30 1-4, by Black Eag!e
(saddle bred).
The Harvester 2:01, by Walnut. Hall
2:08 1-4, by Conductor 2:14 1-4, by
Electioneer 125. Dam Notelet, by
Moko (24457) by Baron Wilkes 2:18;
second dam Tablet, by Cuyler 100.
Soprano 2:03 3-4, bv Bellini 2:13 1-4,
bv Artillery 2:22 1-2, bv Hambletonian 10. Dam Operetta 2:26 1-4, by
Elyria 2:25 1-4, by Mnmbrino King
(1270); second dam, daughter nf Stnr
Hambletonian  (1534).
Billv Burke 2:03 3-4, bv Silent Brook
2:10 'i-2, by Dark Night (2858). by
Alcyone 2:27. Dam Crvstal Last, by
Ondnlc 2:23 1-2, by Onward 2:25 1-4;
second dam, Crvstal by Crittenden
(433).
Joan 2:04 l-l, bv Directum Speir
2:11 1-4, bv Directum 2:05 1-4, bv Director 2:17." Dam, Sarah W. 2:18 1-2,
by Hal Bradcu 2:07 1-4 (p) by Brown
Hal (p) 2:12 1-4; second dam, Mnble
Wilkes (p) 2:24 1-4, by Allie Wilkes
2:15.
Hail worthv 2:05 1-4, by Axworthy
2:15 1-2, by Axtoll 3, 2:12, bv William
L. (4244). Dam, Alsolma, by Altive
2:18 1-4, by Electioneer (125); second
dam Anselmn 3, 2:20 12, bv Anso)
2:20.
Don Labor 2:05 1-4, by Labor Dav
2:29 1-4. by Sphinx 2:201-2, by Electioneer (125). Dam, Cammie, by Elec
trifiention 2:10 1-4, by Electricity
2:17 3-4; second dam, Sllvazar, by Al-
enzar 2:20 1-2.
Dudie Archdale 2:06 1-4, by Archdale (37304), by Expedition 2:15 3 4,
bv Electioneer (125). Dam, Dudie
Eftmont 2:13 1-2, by Egmont Chief
2:24 1-4, by Egmont (182S); second
dam, Maggie S., bv Colonel Crokett
2:29 1-4.
It. T. C, 2:00 1-4. bv Prince March
(p) 2:13 1-2. by Delmairch 2:11 1-2. by
Hambrino 2:21 1-4. Dam, Misses Nelly
by Nutwood Princo 2:28 3-4. hut Nutwood 2:18 34; second dam, The Ban-
Bhee, by Branson (11040).
Anvil 2:08 1-4, by St. Valient Vincent 2:11 8-4, by St. Vincent 2:13 1-2.
bv Wilkos Boy 2:24 12. Dam, Amy
Smith, by Emperor Wilkes 2:20 3-4, by
William L. (4244); second dam. said
to he by Ham. Barshaw 2:21 1-4.
Kenyon W. 2.00 3-4 (half-mile track
record) by Marcos Bozzaris 2:21. by
Nutwood 2:18 3-4, by Belmont 64. Dam
Val Vernon by Allerton 2:00 1-4, by
Jay Bird 2:31 3-4; second dnin, Alcar
ettn, by Alcantara 2:23.
Joe Bowers 2:09 1-4 (half-mile track
record) by Symboleer (p) 2:00 1-2, hy
Campbell's Electioneer 2:17 3-4, by
Electioneer 125. Dam, Lady Linen,
by Maurice Levy 2:29 1-2, by'Ashland
Wilkes 2:17 1-4; second dam, Linen 2,
2:29 1-4, bv Jack Cade 2:24 3 4.
Argot Hal 2:07 1-2, by Brown Hal
tp) 2:12 1-4, by Tom Hal, Jr. (1G934)
bv Kitterell's Tom Hal. Dam, Lady
Wildfiowcr, bv Duplex 2:17 1-4, by Bay
Tom. Jr., 2:30; second dam, Sally Ward,
by Bennett Chapman,
com, for instance, of Vedrincs in the
recent air race. This plucky aviator
confesses that he only had threo hours'
sleep during tho whole of that wonderful flight over one thousand miles
round G rout Britain. Whon ono remembers that for an aviator thoro aro
no moments of repose, that ho must bi
over on the ulort, overy faculty of
mind and body strained to tho uttermost, it is not surprising that at times
both Vedrines and Beaumont woro tu
a state perilously nenr to nervous exhaustion.
Perhaps, however, one of tho most
striking fonts of human endurance was
that of Mr. Tom Burrows, the club
swinging champion of Groat Britain,
who, by whirling his clubs for foity-
six hours without a moment's roaplts,
broke all records. Ho reminds us of
Arthur Lancaster, a young Brix-on man,
who, two years ago, achieved athletic
fame by swinging a blucksmUVs hammer for twelvo consecutive hoars, and
afterwards added to his luurols by boating all British records for buM-puneh-
fifteen hours continuously, at the aver-
ago rate of 145 punches a uiinut*., Oo-
ensoui'.My ho would go nwn*' mt a IliPftjt
of IflO and 200 a minuto, and so power-
fin wns his fist work that l-i;3-"- tini':t
he b'ote the rope of tho hall and had
to tuti. bis attention to ono kept ill
reserve.
It is not so long ago that two Frenchmen walked round a billiard table in
Paris for twenty-four consecutive hours
playing game after game, and covered
a distance of sixty miles; while a band
of chnnge ringers rang the bells of St.
Martin's, Birmingham, for eight hours
without a  second's pause.
Then thoro was the Polish lady whn
performed the stupendous feat of.danc
ing for thirty-four hours. It is not
suggested, of course, that she danced
for this time without a rost; the in
tervals, however, wore only short, and
she did not go to bed during the time.
Throe years ago an Italian living in
Paris offered $200 to anyonn who danced longer than himself. Five competitors entered the lists against him, but
one by nne they droppod out, whilst
thc nimble Italian fantastically footed
it for fourteen hours, at the rato of
eighteen waltzes an hour, without turn
ing a hair.
Among the amazing podestrian performances, that of the woll-known
American veteran athlete, Mr. Weston,
who last year completed 3,500 miles in
seventy-seven days, takes a vory high
place. Mr. Weston is a man of seventy-two years of age, and walked for
thirteen consecutive weeks at an average rate of 270 miles per week, or forty-
five miles each walking day. It does
not equal, so far as the rate of going
is concerned, the scorching of George
Allen, who walked in 1904 from Land's
End to John o' Groats, nearly 1,0011
miles, in seventeen days. Alloa's best
day accounted for eighty-two and a
half miles, and his average for thc
whole journey was fifty-eight miles a
lay. But Allen was about half the
nge of Weston, who was walking before admiring crowds in England beforo
Allen  was born.
Turning to other remarkable exam
pies of human endurance, it might be
mentioned that the Dyke of Wellington
wns able to go for days with no sleep'.
Ho once remarked that a few minutes'
dozing on tho back of his horse was all
he required, And thero is Edison, who
in his earlier 'lays, when working at
his great inventions, has been .Known
to go live days and five nights without
nny proper sleep. Forty winks( in a
chair in his workshop was all that he
required t't keep his brain alive, ami,
being deaf, he was able to sloop any
where, even in a boiler factory.
Baby's Terrible Eczema
Hands Tied to Prevent Scratching
Five  Doctors Failed  to  Believe,  but
Zam-Buk Worked a Cure
Mrs. Chas. Lovere, of Prescott. North
Channel, Ont., tolls how Zam-Buk curod
her baby. Sho says: —"My baby's
head ami face was oue complete muss
of soros, The itching und Irritation
wore frightful, and the littlo one's
plight was so serious that at ouo time
WO feared her ears would be oaten off
by  tho disease.
"Wo had to keep her hands tied for
days to prevent her rubbing and
scratching the sores. Doctor aftor doctor treated hor iu vain, until we had
had five doctors. Thoy all agreed it.
was a frightful case of eczema, but
none of them did any permanent good.
"As a last resource wc wero advised
to try Zam-Buk. The flrst box did so
much good that we felt suro we were
at last working in the right direction.
We persevered with the treatment until we had used thirteen boxes, uud at
tbe ond of that time I am glad to say
Zam-Buk hnd effected a complete
cure.''
For oczoma, eruptions, rashes, totter,
itch, ringworm and similar skin diseases, Zam-Buk is without equal. It
also euros cuts, burns, scalds, piles, abscesses, chronic sores, blood poisoning,
etc. All druggists and stores at SO
cents a box, or post free for price from
Zam-Buk Co.. Toronto, Refuse imita
tions.
A Pill for Brain Workers.—The man
who works with his brains is more
liable to derangement of the digestive
system than the man who works with
his hands, because, the one culls
upon his nervous energy while
the other applies only his muscular
ties of the stomach and liver, and the
best remedy thut can be used is Purine
lee's {Vegetable Pills. They aro specially compounded for such cases and
all those who use them can certify to
their superior power.
HUMAN ENDURANCE
What is the limit of human endurance! Judging by stime recent performances, particularly in thc world
of sport aid athletics, it would almost
seem that there is no limit.   Tako the
That wreck occurred near Woodlawn,
February 10th, 1907. Without including damages to equipment, loss owing
to delayed traffic, and other things, the
damage claims and other expenses paid
and in process of settlement cost the
mad $1,214,000. Of this, $059,000 was
paid in claims, and the balance was for
lawyer's fees, fees to agents who settled claims out of court, physicians, in
vostigators, and experts, and for trial
suits.
Tho largest amount paid for a single
death was $75,000; the smallest $5,000.
The average wus $13,324. Eighteen of
tho twenty-two victims woro women,
eleven of them unmarried, which reduced materially the damages tho company
had to pay, though several of the single
women were bread-winners.
Among the injured, the highest dum
ages awarded were $32,500 to a young
woman   whose left leg was amputated
INCREASE IN LUNG CAPACITY BY
EXERCISE
According to careful tests mado in a
gymnasium in Bonn, the capacity of the
lungs was increased by regular exorcise
from 3,388 cubic cent tmetres or B07
cubic inches to 3,803 cubic centimetres
or 232 cubic inches; an increase of 12.14
per cent. In Stuttgart the average increase was found to be from 3,833 cubic
centimetres or 233 cubic inches to 4,290
cubic centimetres or 202 cubic inches,
being 11.49 per cent. Among the members of the Berliner Ruder Vorein (Berlin Rowing Club) the Increase for the
heavy crow wns from 5,000 cubic centimetres or 342 cubic inches to 5,775 cubic
centimetres or 352 cubic inches (3.12
per cent,); for thc light crew from
4,700 cubic centimetres or 287 cubic
inches to 4,875 cubic centimetres or 207
cubic inchos, being at the rate of 3.72
per cent.
WHAT RAILROAD ACCIDENTS
COST
Although the railroad companies take
every precaution to avoid wrecks,
the newspapers constantly report more
or loss serious accidents. Few of us
realize what a money loss almost ovory
one of these entails'. Some figures on
tho wrock of tho Brewstor Express on
thc Harlem division of the New York
1 'entral and Hudson River Railroad,
published in a recent number of the
Railway Employees' Magazine nnd
Journal) prove that any expense for
prevention is economy.
For yoars Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator has ranked as the most effective preparation manufactured, and
it alwiiys maintains its reputation.
THE  CLEVERNESS  OF  WIGGINS
Outside his own cleverness there is
nothing that so delights Mr. Wiggins
as a game of baseball, and when ho
gets'a chance to exploit the two both
at tiie same time he mny bo said to bo
the happiest .man in tbo world. Hence
it was thnt the other day, whon little
red-headed Willie Mulligan, his office
boy, came sniffing into his presence to
ask for the afternoon off tbat ho might
attend his grandmother's funeral, Wiggins doomed it a mastorly stroke to
answor:
'' Why, certainly, Willie. Whnt 'fl
more, my boy, if you'll wait for nn*
I '11 go with you."
"All right, sir,'' spiffed Willie, nfl
he returned to his desk, and waited
patiently.
And lo nnd behold, poor littlo Willie
had told the truth, and when he antl
Wiggins started out together, the latter
not only lost one of the best games of
the season, but had to attend tho obsequies of an old lady in whom he had
no interest whatever ns well.
FILTERED WATER     IN     BAMBOO
STEMS
Yapp, the English naturalist who has
explored the mountain ranges of the
Malay Peninsula, reports the fact, not
generally known, that in several spocies
of bn in l*M>o thc hollow internodes—the
parts of the stems between the joints-
arc stored with large quantities of naturally filtered water. Tho kuowledge
of this fact might bo of great service
in nn emergency. Mr. Yapp also dis
covered, on bis last visit, two species
of ferns, growing on trees, whoso thick,
fleshy stems are filled with galleries tun
neletl by ants, fhe ferns thus forming
living nests for the arts.
There is no medicine on tho market
that can compare with Bicklo's Anti
Consumptive Syrup 111 expelling from
lhe system the irrita.ing germs lhat
colds engender in the air passage.-. It
is suicide to neglect your oold, Try the
ehoap experiment of ridding yourself of
it by using Bicklo's Syrup, which is a
simple remedy, easily taken, an.l mice
used it will always bn prized as a sovereign medicine,
Tbat Splitting Headache
will wilah U you teke
"NA-DRU-CO" Headache Wafers
GIt, quick, wrs rriltf, ind w, ttitruiltt thsy contain nothlnc
turmful to th, hwt or n,rroui l»t«m.   26c a boi, ~ ,11 drunliu'..
National Dm, ud Chrailcal Co. ol Canada, Limited, Montraal.'
2*
FOR THAT NEW HOUSE
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
Manufactured only by
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
Winrrtpsg, Man.
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i&
THE  ISLANDER,  CUMBERLAND,  B.C.
The Craft of the Nimble Hand
(By John 8. Lopez)
It was a frankly perturbed young
Knglishman who ono day, recently,
Bought advice of the clerk of the fashionable hotel whore he wae staying.
Ho had just missed bis valuable gold
chronometer—must havo lost it while
Htrolling in Fifth Avonue. How,should
he go about advertising for Its return.
"Sure you didn't leave it in your
roomf asked the clerk.
The Englishman sniffed. Well, rather not! Too careful he wan, by far,
for any blasted American crooks.
Never allowed u suspicious mnn or woman near hiin; nnd in crowds always
held his hand so no ono could get to
hii. watch, l'ockot picket!! Well, of
all nonsensical things!
tn order to understand whether ho
wab justified in feeling so confident, it
will be well to retrace with the young
man tho Incidents of his outing subsequent to his last sight of tho timepiece.
Tiring of strolling down tho Avenue,
he hud waited at a crossing for nn uptown omnibus that would carry him
baek to the hotel. Then it waa that
the gallant young gentleman, fresh
from London, was addressed by the demure young ludy In tho fetching picture hat:
"I beg your pardon, sir," she said,
moat timidly, "but could you' tell mo
tho time?"
Naturally he did ho, not a little
proud of the handsome chronometer he
displayed. Theu along came tho omnibus and he pushed his way aboard with
several other passengers. He noticed
with satisfaction that tbo pretty young
lady secured a seat just beside him,
The stuffy interior was not at all to
his liking. Besides, just opposite, sat
two young men, obviously in liquor,
who began to bicker loudly. It ended
in active, though somewhat wobbly,
hostilities    between    them.    Instantly
fiaademonium in the omnibus! Old
adies screamed and started for the
door. It was a terrible tangle. The
pretty young woman sprang up in
alarm, seizing ber satchel. The ehivol-
rie Englishman aroso to assist her. I
.Somehow, her satchel swung against the
sore point of his knee with a painful
thud. As he dodged aside, ho bumped
full tilt into tho studious-looking young
man who hnd been reading on the other
aide.
And now, the omnibus having come
tu a stop, the belligerent youths depart
to "settle it" on the sidewalk; and
after them go the hysterical young
lady, the quiet student who announces
his disgust, as woll aa several of the
more nervous passengers. Two blocks
farther on the Englishman alighted at
his hotel.
Perhaps, even now, you do not see
what all this has to do with the miss
ing timepiece! The truth of the mat
tor ie that the very careful Englishman
had been "stalled" and "trimmed"
according to the most approved methods
of modern pocket-picking, and the
scene we have witnessed was part of
the machinery theroof. The victim
liko most people who think of the matter at all, regarded all "dips"—-that
is to say, pickpockets—as shifty-eyed
itinerants who roam about alone looking for chances to loot a pocket. In
this day of keen competition even
among the light-fingered bo haphazard
a method would not pay. Instead,
whon opportunity is lacking, thc "dip"
supplies opportunity. And to this end
he works in a "mob"—this being pick
pocket nomenclature for a party of
four, 8ve, or more—employing somo
very exact routine methods, or, when
necessary, inventing some new kink to
(It the particular case. And it is because the average person does not realise how thorough is the modern science that tho average person is so easy
a "mark" when the "dips" get after
him.
Let us back to the cocksure English
man. The machinery used against him
though rather common-place, illustrates
the basic mode of procedure.
To begin with, our friend had scarce
ly stepped from his expensive hotel be
fore he was spotted as a "mark." He
was well dreBsed aud so presumably
he had money. He was sauntering
along and hence would be easy to "get
to." Hurried pedestrians have no
time to tall into traps.
The first move was to discover whether he had a timepiece worth the risk of
going after. Nowadays the "dip" Ib
not to be fooled by resplendent attire.
Many an ornament to the profession is
now pulverizing stones who went after
a "swell" nnd got nnbbed lifting a
dollar watch.
And so this victim was patiently
trailed until he stopped for the omnibus. Then enters the demure young
lady. Bhe was what is called the "placer" for tho mob. A glimpse ut the
timepiece told her it waH "plush"—
that is, valuable—and incidentally she
learned where the gentleman rarritd it.
and ulso whether there was a so-called
safety device. This is easy for the
"dip," provided ho knows in advance;
in fact they help him by lending the
victim over-confidence.
Thia information gained, the young
lady signaled it to the rest of her mob
and entered tho omnibus. She hnd a
further part. Tho belligerent young
men woro "stalls," their fight part of
the system. Confusion ensues immediately, to be sure, but tho psychological momont for getting the watch has
not arrived. It is the young lady with
the heavy satchel who supplies that.
The blow she deals the victim is amply
heavy to turn his attention for n moment. And thon, as he reels bark
ngainst the youth with the book, the
latter, who is the "gun," or tho chiof
"dip," gets his hand to tho watch
with lightning exportnoss and the affair
is practically over. To be sure, where
the mob is big enough, the timepiece
is immediately passed to the " getaway. " ne lives up to his professional
title, and if the victim by any mischance should miss his watch nnd
"squeal," the police will not discover
evidence of any of the actors in the
comodyl
A despicable example of this "car
cleaning," as tbe argot of the profession has it, occurred in New York recently, the victims being poor sweatshop operators who live in the ghetto
and  work  on  the West Ride.   Friday
night is pay night, and with this in
view several mobs, aggregating in all
about fifty pickpockets, combined for
a "big trim," Four to six "dips"
rodo ou ench stroet sar crowded with
tho work-people, and carefully observed
whoro thoy stowed their pay-envelopes
after paying fare. Presently "rough
house" fights bogan in al) the cars. Wo
mon and children were'trampled and
thoir clothing torn. But what cared
the "dips" if a fow sufferod minor injuries! Their harvest was too gratifying to admit of sentiment! ln fact,
some of thom mado tho mistake of being too greedy. Thoy started to repeat
thu trips. And meanwhile some of the
first victims had "squealed" to the
polico and every available man waB
sunt from headquartors. The extent of
that "mobbing" may bo computed
from thu fact that somo twenty-flvo
of tbe "crooks" wore caught at work.
Since that night, the police report, tho
timid ghetto workors sew their monoy
tight before starting homeward; and
it is a foregone conclusion tbat no sane
"dip" will attempt a "repent" for
a long time to come.
A higher class deviation from tho
foregoing, und ono that is worked re-
pcntedly, is called "mobbing" a theatre or other place of amusement. If
you are ever soatod in an audience and
a fight takes placo or some diorder occurs, do not become excited. Instead,
mako it a point to hold your pockets
and keep your eyos on your jowolry.
It iB tho pleasing practice for a mob
of, say twenty "dips," both men and
women, to attire themselves fashionably and hie away to some high-class
entertainment that will attract prosperous people. At a certain prearranged
time—usually during a quiot moment
in the play—something "occurs" in
tho gallery so tbat heads will be tilted
up and nttention focussed. Then the
"dips," having beforehand singled out
their victims, accomplish their work
with dispatch, Starting the cry of
"fire" in crowded places used to furnish the necessary confusion; but after
some heavy prison sentences had been
dealt out to the perpretrators most
"stalls" became afraid of the method.
A "fight" is almost as effective and,
in tbo caso of arrest, a fine for disorderly conduct tho usual penalty. Most
theatres have detectives at their entrances to weed out the known
"crooks." But this corrective iB only
partial since there is a constant supply
of new "dips" migrating from city
to city.
No matter how it is accomplished,
this practice of diverting the prospective victim's attention is the keystone
of the whole science It is not new
in theory, but it bas boon vastly developed and accurately shaped to modern conditions. To accomplish the diversion physically, as in the case of
the blow with the satchel on our Englishman, is perhaps tho most popular
with the fraternity. It makes no difference whether it be a stamp on a
pet corn, a dig in the ribs with an umbrella, a jolting collision; the impression given is always strong enough to
eclipse nny impression from the gentle
contact of the "dip's" trained fingers.
For illustration, a man might fall.and
break his arm nnd never notice, during
tbo excitement, that he had bruised his
knee at the samo time.
And one never may tell how such
nn impression is going to bo delivered.
There was one woman "stall," who
travelled the country, who used to
promenade with a terrier on a long
leash. Once a victim was "spottod"
the canine, being trained, would circle
about the victim s legs, tangling him in
tbe leash. During tho untangling pro
cess, assisted by Samaritan passers-by.
tho "dip," who was one of thorn,
found it "child robbing" as they dub
it, to explore successfully. Only when
the police awoke to tho singular coincl
dence of a dog being present in so
many coses was the young woman suspected.
Strictly mental thrills ure more difficult to prearrange, but, when properly
carried out, arc equally efficient. An
illustration of tbis, and also of tho
thoroughness with which pickpockets
will lay out a campaign, wns brought
to light early last fall.
With the opening of the county fair
season, tbo police of vnrious small
towns in New Vork, Pennsylvania, and
Ohio begun to be flooded with complaints of pocket-picking. Try as they
would the police seemed unable to
make arrests; and it was surmised that
some fair followers were involved, and
word to that effect passed along tho
lino. The managers »f one of tho fuirs
decided to take extra precautions aud
brought on a detective from Philadelphia. For two dnys ho sleuthed un
nvallingly. though the pocket picking
went on.
Now ono of the free attractions was
n balloon ascension and parachute leap
by an aeronaut who did daredevil trapeze stunts during his flight. It was the
third duy, while this act was on, that
the city sienth detected a pickpocket
at work. Instead of arresting him at
once, he shadowed him to n rendezvous
whore he was joined by several other
men, Whon tho police drew down thoy
wero busily sorting enough watches and
jewelry to stock a small store.
Investigation showed that at nil the
fair towns previously looted the thrilling balloon act had appeared. Evidently the thieves had followed that
act around in ordor to work tho crowds
as they gazed aloft, nerves on edgo and
dazzled by the sun. It was obvious,
as well, that the reason the police had
failed was because they had beon too
interested in the sensational net to
notice whnt was going on.
Then the surprising part of the
whole plot came out when one of the
younger "dips," being suddenly stricken with appendicitis and afraid of
dentb, decided to ease his conscience.
He explained that the real leader of
tho mob was the daring aeronaut. In
order to keep continually at work and
thus supply his pals with uninterrupted
opportunity, he had been securing consecutive engagements by putting on his
act for n ridiculously low price.
The fnct that tomparatively few
pickpockets aro arrested and fewer still
convicted In no wise indieatea that they
are   limited  in   number  or   activity.
Where there is one arrest there are
many complaints lodged with tho po
Uee. Nor doea tho number of complaints tell the whole tale. Expert
pickpockets aim to turn the trick in
such a way that the victim- will think
he loot hla valuables. Easily one-half
the ads. in the lost and found columns
are due to this mistake. Again, many
persons knowing tbat they wore robbed
seal their lips becauso they fear that
thoy will be laughed at.
During a recent automobile show in
Now York a pair of "dips" worked
a strikingly ingenious game. Just wbon
the crowd was nt its greatest ono ovoning, tho pair, garbed iu ovoning clothes
unit wearing expensive automobile coats
started from the uppor end of the hall
toward tho oxit. Ono of thom wus
drunk—dopressingly ao. You pitied
his companion who triod to koop him on
his feet. But, despite his efforts, the
mellow ono would every littlo while
lurch into parties of ladies and gentlemen. It kept tho sober one busy apologizing. And it happened thut beforo
any ono of thu score or more of persons
who had boen bumped into discovered
the loss of his or her valuables, tho pair
wore out of the hall and safely away.
While most "dips" will tako any
thing tbat looks easy, yet practically
ovory ono has his speciality. Ho trains
for it; that Is why he accomplishes the
seemingly impossible. One goes for
watches. Ho cnn brenk u strong chain
witb his fingers or, if it bo too heavy,
may utilize n pair of powerful cutting
nippers that work noiselessly. Failing
this he will miring tho watch at the
stem as oasily ns ono would crack a
peanut, and with loss noise.
Some of tho most doxterious operators
havo a loaning toward scarf-pins and
diamond studs, Perhaps tho most popular of the methods by which he achieves
his ond is known as the "newspaper
stall," workod, usually, in crowded
streot cars. One of the "stalls," deep
in the perusal of a newspaper, holds it
in such a way that the odgo rests
ngainst the chin of the victim. Under
this cover the "dip" removes the pin
or stud. He finds the ordinary safety
clutch no barrier. His fingers have been
trained to pinch a gem from its setting
or wrench loose the pin, without alarming tho owner.
Still others go only after money, n
difficult speciality, but one thut precludes the finding in their possession
of easily identified loot, and at the
same time saves the heavy sharing of
profits necessary when goods must be
disposed through -"fences." These
"dips" use their fingers whoro they
cun; but are not averse from cutting
through clothing when the victim hides
his bank rool in an inside pocket. The
money is, of course, first located. The
chap out to "do" the town who seeks
to impress beholders by flashing rolls
of bills in cafes is thc easiest mark
of all. Again, the caution of tbe prospective victim will often be the thing
that enlightens the "crook." It is a
singular fact that most personB carrying something unusually valuable will,
particularly if they be on guard ugainst
pickpockets, pass their hands over the
hiding-place at intervals to be sure
it is ebill intact. Thc "dip" needs no
stronger hint.
Others have thoir bankroll spotted
as they make purchases in a store.
Clerks who draw pay-rolls from certain
banks overy weok are watched until it
known that they always carry the
money in the same way and tako the
same route buck to their offices. Then
stall" is planted for thoir benefit.
One young messenger lost eight hundred dollars not long ago, because he
stopped to expostulate indignantly with
a mun wbo wns cuffing a forlorn news-
girl. In the pushing, jostling crowd
that gathered there was scarce room to
breathe, and tbe clerk had gone n block
nfter disentangling himself beforo he
so much as gave u thought to tbo money.
Even-then ho would have been the last
one to suspect a poor, crying child of
being in league with pickpockets.
The truth of the matter is thnt the
slums of every big eity are juvenile
recruiting stations for the profession.
Police records bristlo with reports of
tho arrest of whut thoy term "Fa-
gins ''—-that is to sny, instructors of
street urchins in the science of picking
pockets. These tutors arc ex"dips,"
oxperts too old to operate or whose
fingers bavo stiffened, this, singularly,
boing a misfortune that overtakes
many of the cleverest pickpockets.
Their reward is half the loot secured
by the pupil during his or her apprenticeship.
What is termed "moll buzzing" is
the tirst accomplishment taught the pupils. If your wife or sister, pr you,
yourself, have ever opened your handbag while shopping, to make the bum
Erising discovery that all your money
as disappeared, you may safely lay
it to the "moll buzzer." Usually this
is left to children; though during the
holiday shopping season, when pocket-
books are obese, the older "dips" find
it profitable. Moll-buzzing iu theory
is vory simple, consisting only of open
ing the bag, abstracting the contents,
and closing thc bag again; but to ac
complish it without attracting attention calls for considerable training. Tu
avoid sny sudden jork thc buzzer gets
in step with tbo victim. Thon, holding
the bag with one haud, he opens it with
the other. Since the suddenly lightened bag might attract nttoution, the
buzzer bears slightly upon it for u
moment, gradually easing the weight
until he may safely let go altogether.
To acquire the necessary dexterity
children are patiently coached by the
"Fagin," who struts ubout a room
with a bag on bis wrist, rewarding the
skilful, meting out punishment when
he feels the slightest movement, unless
the pupil is a beginner.
Last summer there wns broken up
a mob of juveniio "dips" that had
been using a most ingenious method ut
various excursion-boat landings. On
Sundays, in particular, crowds of working people assembled at the docks loud
etl down with lunch baskets, and invariably with monoy tucked nway for
the day's outing. Then presently
tbrougb tho crowd would come a crowd
of boys, dodging here and there in n
hilarious gamo of tag. Of course a
victim had boen spotted, probably
while buying tickets. Before him would
ilash n boy with deafening whoops.
The others pursue him. Round tho victim they revolve with bewildering
shrieks and actions. It would make
anyone dizzy. Meanwhile one of the
boyB has lifted the money. He yells
something, and off dashes the band,
strill playing the game.   Now, suppose
the victim discovers hia loss, would he
lay it to those innocent boyst Hardly.
And if he should, and pursues them,
would bystanders be unkind enough to
intercept poor children at play! At any
rate it would be a chase in vain. That
elderly man standing by—who ia the
" Fagin "—has the proceeds safely
stowed away.
It is impossible to know what gamo
will be utilized, and positively dangerous for anyone to believe he is above
being imposed upon. To ovorconfldence
in this respect muny a victim owes tho
loss of valuables.
One evening not long ago a seasoned
salesman alighted at Grand Central
fetation, New York, no was a super-
sophisticated individual of the carelessly alert type. If thero was any
"con" game to be worked on the traveller that ho didn't know, it must
have boon something in vogue in ancient Babylonia! Railroad stations, he
know, are gathering-places for "dips."
And as for pickpockets getting to
him—woll, maybe, if he ever fell asleep
on his foet,
Tu the baggage agent he gave his
hecks, prepaying thc charges from n
roll of bills which he carefully tucked
buck in his trousers pocket. Thon,
glancing at his watch, und noting tho
pnssnge of time, he stnrted homeward
iti a surface car. At the crosstown
junction three well-dressed young men
alighted nnd ran with him for the car.
One of them sprang on tho platform
just in advance of the drummer; the
others were right behind.
Then an amusing accident occurred.
As the first young man stopped through
the door the car jerked ahead, jolting
a package of books from his arm. He
stooped suddenly to catch thom. The
salosman, immediately behind, and
hampered with a bag, stumbled over
him, while from behind the two others,
after the fashion of ten pins, lurched
into the tangle. Laughing apologies
were exchanged, when thore came
sharp interruption.
Down the car advanced two detectives showing their badges. They an
nounced that the three young men had
been attempting to pick the traveller's
pockets. Much indignation on the part
of the accused, and angry protestations
of innocence. The trnveilor was the
most indignant of all.
His pockets picked? Well, he rather
guessed not!
Would the gentleman oblige tho de
tectives by making sure?
The gentleman would not, A surreptitious feel of his pockets bad assured
him that the watch and bank-roll were
intact. He wouldn't lower his dignity
by looking. He objected to being branded an easy murk before strangers—he
had bcen mnde ridiculous enough. He
wusn 't a jay from Oshkosh or any
othor place.
Perforce, the crestfallen sleuths departed, taking along tbe three young
gentlemen, and pursued by the threats
of angry passengers that they would
see the mnyor nnd hnve this outrage
pun i shod.
Thc prisoners were arraigned in the
Night Court an the very flimsy charge
of "jostling and shoving'^this because their was no complaint—and-hi I
just been discharged whon an excited
man hurtled in. It was the travelling
salesman, very chastened und apologetic and nlso much puzzled. In thp
privacy of his home he had discovered
that his gold watch waB gone, and iu
its place a dollar timepiece, not even
in running order. Likewise tbe mo.»ey
had departed, its place being occupied
by a roll of tissue-paper. It was the
most mysterious thing he'd ever hoard!
In truth tbere was nothing mysterious ubout it. Because of tho watchful
core of tho traveller, the "dips" spot-,
ting him knew that if he missed the
feel of his valuables lit would immediately raise a "squeal.'' A* is often
done in Mich casos, they hid substitute 1
the "phony" ortic!->i for i'io reni cues
when the "dipping" was done under
cover of the collision. It was a sample
of dexterity not nt all uncommon.
One of the most astute detectives in
Philadelphia confesses to an adventure
that befell him during his novitiate as
a sleuth. It illustrates how carefully
observant is the experienced "dip." At
the time tbere was a big celebration
in tho (Junker City, and the detective,
then a patrolman, was ordered into
plain clothes to watch the ferries. Anx
ious to make a record, and knowing
something ot the modus operandi of
the "dips," he plannod out an ingeni
ous trap.
Cutting up paper to the size of bank
bills, he made it into a fat roll, wrap
ping the outside in a one-dollar bill.
This he displayed carelessly in the
ferry-house, dropping in into hts out
side pocket. Now watch the "dips"
fall to temptation!
For an hour he wus very watchful
and industrious, pushing through the
densest crowds and scrutinizing each
suspicious face. But nothing happened.
Uo felt that the roll wns still undisturbed. Evidently there were no pickpockets around or else tbe bait hnd not
been discovered.
Then Mr, Sleuth reached iu his pocket
and drew forth—a surprise. Instead of
his "phony" bank-roll, there was a
wail of newspaper. Something wus
scribbled nn the margin.    It road
"Mr. Smurty Fly-Cop, real farmers
don "t wear police shoes. And they
ain't so busy watching others thut they
forget  to watch themselves."
depreciated  in  priee.   Such  wheat  is
often useless for milling purposes.
The smut spores germinate with the
healthy seed, but the seedling age is
the only time that the plant is susceptible to smut infection.
The best treatment for this smut is
the formaldehyde method. Mix one
pound (equals one pint) of commercial
40-percent, formaldehyde, with 50 gallons of water. The solution should not
be made up till needed for use, because
it loses strength in standing, Tbe seed
should be spread out on a clean barn
or granary floor, and thoroughly sprinkled with the formaldehyde solution.
Shovel the grain over and ovor until
each seed is thoroughly moistened. Aftor the grain is all moistened, it should
be shovelled into a heap and covered
closely with canvas or tarpaulin for
two or three hours. The floor ou whieh
the oporation is performed should be
first sterilized with the formaldehyde.
In handling the grain after treatment,
the bugs used should be sterilized, as
should also the seed box on tho drill or
cultivator. There is little use of treating the grain and thon exposing it
again to living spores which may bo
present in those placos.
If formaldehyde is not obtainable,
dmmersion for, twelve hours in one-
half per cent, 'solution of copper sulphate (2 pounds to 00 gallons oi wator)
then in milk of lime (2 pounds of lime
to 20 gallons of water) for five minutes,
is recommended. The use of lime must
not be omitted, or tho germinating
power of tbe seed will bo injured.
Tbe loose smut (Ilstilago tritici) develops within the kernol through infection from smutted heads at flowering
time, when the wind-blown spores from
an infected plant light on tho flowers
of a healthy plant and produce the disease. The kernels, unlike the stinking
smut, do not reval the presence of the
smut within them. For the destruction
of thiB smut, the Jensen hot-water
treatment is usod. The seed must be
treated in small lots in order tbat all
tbe grain may quickly and uniformly
reach the desirod temperature. The
seed wheat should bc placed in quanti
ties, not to exceed one-half peck each,
in loose, burlap bags, and soaked for
five or six uours in water at a tempera
ture of from 63 to 72 degrees Fahren
licit. A coal-oil; barrel is convenient
for this purpose, the sack of grain be
ing bung from a stick laid across the
top of the barrels or tubs witb some
twenty to forty gallons of hot water,
according to tbe quantity of seed to be
treated. Tho water of those two barrels should be heated to a temperature
of 129 degrees Fahrenheit It will be
necessary to heat the water to a somewhat higher temperature than this, because the barrel will cool it down
somewhat. The seed is transferred for
one minute to thc first vat containing
the hot water to bring it up to required
temperature, after which it Bhould be
placed in tho second vnt for ten minutes. Care must be taken that the
water doos not go below 124 degrees
or above 131 degrees Fahrenheit. The
former temperature is tbe lowest at
which the disease can be killed, and
the latter the highest which will not
greatly injure the seed. Seed treated
in this way must be spread out to dry,
and repeatedly shovelled 'over until it
will run through the drill readily. The
planting of about one-fourth more seed
is advisable to replace any seeds df low
vitality which have been injured in tbe
treatment.
A combined treatment for both smuts
consists in keeping barrel No. 1 at 120
to 12f> degrees, and No. 2 ut 132 degrees Fahrenheit, tbe immersion in No.
1 lasting, as before, for one minute,
and in No. 2 ten minntes. This method
has tbe disadvantage of requiring a
temperature which is so high *hat many)
of thc .Hied germs are killed, and much
mere seed must be sown per acre to
ma!" up for ih»fi deficiency.
Smutted grn.n of both strts cnn be
comparatively easily recoct./.id, ;
thore are many who do not know the
difference between these smuts, and are
continually getting thom confused. The
loose smut attacks tbe entire ear, and
seed und glumes are entirely replaced
by a mass of spores, the head appear
I ing blaek with them; while in the stink
1 ing smut the glumes are not attacked
and the head remains intact, but the
seed contains within its covering a
mass of spores which have an offensive
odor.
In sowing wheat from affected fields,
it should always be treated in the foregoing manner, and, wherever possible,
procure the seed from fields as free
from these diseases as possible; and, in
tbe case of loose smut, do not sow on
a field which produced a diseased crop
the preceding season, because the spores
will likely be in tbe ground, and wilt
attack  the young plnnts.
Tally Marshall told a story wheu
virtue consists, about holf, in ita brevity.
It seems that he on gaged a comedian
for one of his Btoea ventures, aome
time ago, and tbe comedian was vory
bad.
But full of faith in himsolf, hope for
himself, and 'charity for' the aforementioned. After the. .first perform-
anoe, he hurried to the 'boss.
"I gudss I uiade a hit tonight," ho
ventured. "Don't you think so! Hon
est, now, how do I go!"
"You go by the Lake Shore," answered   Marshall.      "And   tonight,"
%     e     •
Wben tbo Scots Greys wore recently
marching from Edinburgh to Barry
thoy passed through a village, whero
thoir bund and soldierly bearing were
tho admiration of tbe people wbo flock
cd out to see them.
When they had passed, a raw boned,
big-footed yokel turned tu a companion,
who, like himself, wus ti member of the
rooontly formed local "Terrier" com
[tuny, and said:
'' Wool,   Jock,   whal    d 'yo   think   o'
thee!"
"Think o' them!" was the reply,
"Why, we'll hae to loijk tot,.fo*'wi' a
little mair drill they'll soon b'e as guid
us us.''
* w w
It wub Nellie's first visit to the
museum, und her mother was anxious
to explain ull things properly. Boom
after room thoy passed .through, till at
longth they stood before a knight in
shining armor. *
"And this, Nellie," said the fond
mother, "is a suit of armor which uaed
to bo worn by the knights ff old.
What do you think of it, deart'Wf
For a few brief seconds Ne]ll/o regarded it thoughtfully, then shook her
head.
"P'raps it was all right," sho aaid
doubtfully. "But don't you'tblak,
mother, it must have scratched the fur*
niture awfully!"
Robert Underwood Johnson, the poet
and editor declared at the University
of Now York's commencement that New
York as a literary centre was ridiculous—that nowhere in thia country was
poetry more appreciated than in Boston, and nowhere less than in New
York.  -
"In fact," said Mr. Johnson afterward, "New York's love of poetry ia
about equal to the Karl ham College
boy'_ love of languages. In my sophomore year at Earlhain this lad was
visited by hismotheri-
" 'Well, my dear,.' she said to him,
'what languages bav.e you decided to
take up here!7, r\Jjltf * A,
'"I have dWiAfcltfto take' up'mct-
ish,' he replied.   .* ••
" 'Pictishf' said hia puzzled mother.
'Why Pictish!' ./-'«►*,
" 'Only, five:.w$fr of it. remain,'
snid he:-'*-.!    '?  -',V?'-
.c ■„■ ■'.■  » ■--* '*• :
Professor. John '-tfeirey of Columbia
was talking about a' legislator who sad
turned traitor to the suffrage eaus.v
"A man who could be eo mtvm to
woman," he said, "muat be the?original of the Clayton jail etory.
'' A*convict in the Clayton jail, you
know, managed to do a little flirting
ovjjrvfbe wall. He flirted forfpome
weeks with a girl wbo milked thej cows
in a field adjoining the jail, ani one
evening be colled to ber, and tbey
struck up a conversation.
"Every t^ay after that, for a year
or more, the.girl came to the wall. The*
tbo convict, getting tired of her, toM
her it was no use waiting for hint, aa
be, was in for life."
TKE WHEAT SMUTS
There are two smuts which infect
wheat, Thuse are knowu us the "loose
smut" and the "stinking smut" or
"bunt." The lnttor is the more objectionable of thc two forms. The
spores are sown with the grain, gormin-
ato, and infect the young shoots, until
the grain commences to form. It thon
grows up into the dcvloping kernol,
where a mass of spores is produced,
which entirely fills the kernel and
forms the smut bull. The outside of
the kernel remains intact, and does
not differ greatly in appearance from
a hoalthy kernel, beyond a slightly
swollon appearance. Tf tho kernels are
broken, the foul-smelling, dark-colored
spore-mass is disclosed. The swollon
kernels enable one ensily to deteet attacked ears, because they cause the
chaff to be pushed open, causing a difference  in tbe nppearance of the oar.
This disease is particularly destructive, in that its presence signifies not
on'y_](i_HB [Wt, grain, doe to replacement
by smut, but also loss in valuo of the
good wheat, whieh, owing to the presence of tbis smut or bunt is greatly
TWO lunatics conversed in the asylum yard.    One hai megalomania,
fa id hn:
"Hod they not locked mo up here, I
should bave been a second Napoleon:"
Thoughtfully, the other contemplated
a peagroen devil on the asylum wu'!,
then remarked:
"Tho second Napoleon wasn't mueh
nhuckR."
Aunt Mnry called one day on the
village lawyer,
"Well, Aunt Mary," hu said, "what
can I do for you!"
"Ah wants too divo'eo mah husband," said Aunt Mary.
"Divorce good old Uncle Bill!"
eriod the lawyer. "Oood gracious,
why!"
"Bekase he's done got religion, dat's
why," said Aunt Mary, "an' we aint
had a chicken nn de table fo' six
weeks!"
#    «    •
Two young Americans touring Italy
for the first time stopped off one night
at Pisa, where they foil in with a convivial party :it a cafe.
Going hilariously home, one pushed
the other n^niost a building snd held
him there.
"Oreat heavens!" cried thc man
next thc wall, suddenly glaacing up
at tbe structure above bim. "See
wbat we're doing!"
Both roisterers fled. They left town
on an early morning train, not thinking
it safo to stay over and see tho famous
leaning tower.
A'TACTFUL MAID
Now Phyllis is A t&ftful maid,
As anyone t-iia. see;"
The heat was ninety in the shade,
And wben 1 came tbis thoughtful jade
Smiled icily oa me.
And when I sought with nil >ny art
To-gather in Itfvel* fruit,        C
This lass who'd surely won my heart.
Withdrawing  several   feet  apart,
Looked coldly on my suit.       j
Looked coldly on my unit, said 1!
Twas more! Her eeutenance
Seemed like a gelid arctic sky
Ab, Vith a rarely frosty eye,
She froze me with a glance.    '
I rather like a tactful maid        '
When it is ninety in the shade,
Bhe makes nne, feel so uice and
Which isn't easy as,ai rule.
I
:ool,
THE POSTAL AEEOFLAN?
Keports come from England* and
France that the official postal, aero
plane for the rapid transport Of mail
matter is soon to become an actual
reality. On Autfttt-''18WVMfo Ved
rines, the veteran aviator, winner of the
?rlae for his recent notable aerial trip
rom Paris, France, to Madrid, Spain,
made one of ten flights to demonstrate
tbe possibility of an aero mail ser
vice. This Sight was most successful.
He left Insy-les Mouliooaux, near Paris,
with mail uboard at 5.07 p.m. and
reached J-ean ville, near Trouville, 112
miles from I ssy, nt ti..%0 p.m., or oan
hour and forty-three minutes, or at the
rate of a trifle over sixty five miles an
hour. Thc time of lie fast express
train going the snme distance ii 3 hours
and 12 minutes, or I hour and 10 min
utos longer.
On the wny Vedriuos dropped letter
packages nt Mantes stir Heine, Evreux
nnd Idsieux. It is said he was paid
Ave hundred dollars for the flight, which
would average a trifle less tban $5 per
mile.
In London the post oflice department,
is making preparations for the early on
augu rati on of a pp»yial sftfitfj pfsUl
service to be enrncif on between London and Windsor, a distance of twenty -
one mites Specinl aerial post boxes
sre to be placed in pnblic places, in
which letters for this sorvice must be
ileposited the same as In ordinary boxes.
Collection* by carriers will bo mado in
thc usual way nud doposttod in a central location, from which the aeroplane
will depart. There thc mail will be
placed in sealed letter bags and tho
latter strapped on to the aeroplane. The
flight to Windsor will occupy about half
an hour. Worn Windsor tho mail will
bc forwarded by train to its intended
destination. King Oeorge haa given
permission for space in Windsor Park
to try out this experiment, which is to
last a week and perhaps longer. THE ISLANDfift, CttMUKRUNb, B.O
LOOK
i
FOR AD IN THIS
SPACE
NEXTWEEK
Bates, & Bardy, Cou^fenaj
nHEBBsaas
"" eharlieSingChosig
DEALER  IN
Silkwear of all kinds, Dry
Goods, Groceries,Hardware.
BIST  QUALITY AT CHEAPEST  PRICES
10 per cent, off for first ten days.
Store at Chinatown.   GOODS SOLD GASH ONLY.
mms.
NOTICE
Having S"]t] my bicycle business,
all ;il-i:oiiiiIn dill' lliusi be pair] tu mo.
Those having accounts will render
same to uie.
E C. Emde.
People's
TEA
is sold by
McPhee &
Morrison
 GBNIRKL    MERCHANTS           *-y     f~*
Courtenay      B.wJ.
at 40c
This TEA is a  Special
Blend and well worthy
of aftrial, so do not fail
to TRY IT.
"PUBLIC INQUIRIES AOT."
HIS HONOUR (be Lieuteaant-GnT.
ernor ia Council nta been plea«e<i
to appoint tbs Honourable Albert Ed
ward MoPhillippa, K.O., President of
tbo Eiecutite Oounoll; tbe Honoui-
able Price Ellison, Mioiller of Finance: Obarlea Henry Lugrin.of tbe City
ol Victoria, Kaqnire; and Willlian.
Harold Malkln, oltbe Oity of Vancou
Ter, Eiquire; to be Oommieeionere
nnder tbe "Publio Inquiriee Aot', for
Ibe purpon of enquiring Into and reporting upon tbe operation of the "A.
sps'tnent Aot, 1903," witb reipeot to
iti pradtioal bearing* on the financial
requireme te nf tbe Province.
Tbe aaid Commis- oners will bold
their meeting! on the datee and at
tbe placre mentioned hereunder,
namely:—
Victoria at tbe Executive Counoil
Chamber, Parliament Buildinta, Mon
day and Tueeday,25tb and 26th Sep.
tember at 10 a. m. At tbe Court
Home or Ibe Government Office at
tbefollrwiig placet:—
Nanaimo, Wednesday and Tburaday
27th and 28th September.
Vancouier, Friday  and Saturday,
29th and 30tb September.
Niw WtalB.inntfr,Monday 2nd Oc.
Uevelstoke, Wednesday, 4h Oot.
Golden, Thuraday Sth October.
Cranbrook, Saturday, 7lh October.
Fernle, Monday, 9ih Oorob.r.
,\..|«.i . VVpriotwdav, llth October.
B eel-id,  I'nurnlat.M'h Oiob-r,
Orand Forkr.Ftidey, 13th October.
Princeton, Saturday, Hits October.
Mrritt, Monday, 16th October.
Kami ope, Tueaday, 17th October.
Humn erland, Thureday, 19th Oct
Penticton, Friday, 20th Ootober
Kilo wna, Saturday, 21st October.
Vernon, Monday, 23rd Ootober.
It is requeued tbat all pertona wbo
ar- inter''t.d in tbe matter aforesaid
and wh. ''.aire to be beard, will not
I il i ri'eit    t ttie meetinge ol
the Coiumisaionera,
PRICE ELLISON.
Chairman.
Treasury Department,
lSlK September, 1011.
Willi in?—-
mm
%     Visiting cards at tlio Islander of-
i lice.
QUATHIASKl   COVE.
SEALKED TENDERS, auper»orib.d
"Tender for Lockup, Quathiaakt
Cove," will be received by the Honorable the Mitiiaier of Public Worka up tu
1'.' o'clock n i   of Thuraday,   the 26th
day of Uctober, 1911 f. r the erection
-oul completion of tiverioin, taocsll
Look-up at Qualhiaiki O.ve, ValdeX II
laud, iu the Comoi Electoral Diatrici,
B. 0,
Pl.ma, apeciticntiiina, contract, and
forma of tender may be aeen on and after the 12th day of October, 1911, at ths
(...vernment Agents' otli.-ei, Cuu.be land
and Nanaimo, the Conatable in charge
<,>uaihiaaki Cove, and thsDspaitmeut of
l'ublic Worka, I'.r.i ouoiit Building!,
Victoria.
K.cb proposal muat he ace inpanisd bj
iu accepted bank ciei|ue or certiti a'e
of depi ait on a chartered bank of Caua*
ta, made payable tu the Honorable t.V-e
Vlinliter ol Public Wo- ke, fur the aum of
i'.litll, whicli ahall be forfeited if tho party tt-nderihg deciiue to eoter iuto contract
when called upon to do io, or if bs fail
to complete the woik contracted for.
The cie q el or certificate* of d. posit if
ii •sucoeislul tenderers will be returuoi
I Ihem up ' -. -t-'-iu < . i v -i •
tract.
Tenders »ill not he corsideiud un'esi
mole out on the forma supplied, si^ui-d
win. the actual signature of ilit- leuoer
e>', aud enclosed in the envelopes furnish
el.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
J. E. GRIFFITH,
Publio Work. Engineer.
Depot r   f p Mio '*o l
Vioior.a, H. O.Ootob i »' i, 1911
ucl4 oc28
BAVWARD LAND DISTRIOT.
District of Cortes Island.
Take notice tbat I, Alfred Cao-
ranche of Vancouver, B.C. ocoupation
plasterer, intendi to apply for permission to purohaae tbe following described lands:—Commencing at a post
planted about 20chains n< rth of Ibe
soutb-wtet cirrer of T L 27195,
thence weit 80 chains, thence nortb
8) obsine, tbence eaet 80 chains,
thence eonth 80 chains.
AI.KKKD CAUTANOHB.
Earl Cline, Agent.
Dated July 7th, 1911.
SAYWARD  LAND   DISTRICT.
District of Oortes Island.
Take uotice that I, William J. Elliott ol Vancouier, oocupalion carpenter, inteoda to apply for perminion to
purchase tbe lolloping deiciibed
landa:—Commencing at a post planted about one balf mile in soutb-weei-
rlj direotlou from Oerringtnn Bay,
oortb-weat eorner of T. L. 10897,
thet ce eoutb 70 obaius, tbeoce east 80
chains, thence north ab.o 60 chaina,
torhore line, thence following s ore
lines round to place of commenet-
ment.
William J. Elliott.
Earl Cline, Agent.
Dated July 15to, 1911.
SAYWARD  LAND DISTRICT.
Diitrici o' Corlea 1-latid
Take n' lice thai Earl Cline, nf Van
oouver, B. C. occupation, photographer, intends to apply for perm la-ion to
porcbaip the loliowiog described
lauds:— Commencing at a post
planted 20chaina nurth f tie south
west corner ol T. I, 27195, thenre
•outh 80 ohaina, thenoe weal 80 ehafur
thence north 8" chains, tbence esat 80
cbaini.
Earl Cline.
Dated July 7th. 1911.
CANCELLATION UF RESERVE
Notice is hereby giyen that the reseiv
existing by reason of.'ihe notice published
in the Brniah Columbia Gazette oi  tie
27'h DecL-inber 1007. coveriega parcel. f
Ian-  h tui.r«■  o<  ft.    u ■-. [alauil. '   m>
rly Ion. uuoer 1'imber Liceu.ie No. 440t.'l,
which'iiaa lapaed, ia cancelled,   and the
ao,. la ds wiii heupeu   u I cation afi.r
midnight on  the 14th December 1911.
ROBERT  A.   RENWICK.
Deputy Minister ol Land.
Department of Lands, Victoria, B. 0.
September 12th, 1911.
sep23 dcc23
■.tlStiim., *#   ■s'MtV
MiciET Cash Store
HEADQ UA 1 IT E1 ISTOU
Furniture
Wallpaper
Crockery
,      Etc., etc,
*__JL..  a, A nice !ine of Iron Bedstead
JW   $4. <° $40.
X I just  arrived
T. E. BATE.
BUY A SINGER
The   BEST  Machine   on  the   Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
JEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nannimo, B. C.
C. Segrave, Local Representative, Cumberland, ll. C,
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
THE ROYAL BHNK
OF eflNHOH
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all oven the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, and Interest at
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 und upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch—   —   —     OPEN DAILY
UNION WHARF, B.C., Sub Britnoh-OPEN THURSDAYS
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
-    COURTENAY, B.C. BRANCH OP£N DAILY
Wm. H. Hoff,   Manager.
IF YOU WANT A FIRST CLASS PIANO
AT A MODERATE PRICE
Buy a STANLEY
These Pianos give satisfaction in tone ami touch and are built to
lust, a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & Victrolas,
and Victor Records.    Cull and hear the latest novelty,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $1.00
O  EBCOEDS XH~   OUSTE  6
. . DUNSMORE'S
Church St., NANAIMO, B. C.
MUSIC STORE..
Opposite Dunk of Commerce.
Fall
(Slothes
Nut in many yeara have wo shown suoh
variety assortment of Fall Suitings, including all the new cnlur .tree's in the
plain and fancy Cheviots, Worsteds
Scotch and Irish Tweed", Blue and Black
Surg, a, Cassuueres nud Diagonals. Nearly
400 designs to select fioin Come in and
measure now, This is the time tn make
selection.
WE GUARANTEE A   PKR-
FECT FIT OR REFUND
YOUR MONEY
UNION BAY COOPERATIVE
COMPANY
S"le Agents for the   House>f ffobhi r!in
Limited Canada's Largest Tailors
rousror
HOBBERLIN
awivaa.
uWkm
mm

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