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The Islander Jun 1, 1912

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"LADIES'
CLOTH.
We un- show iiiL
ii rangeof Indies
cloth
in all the
lolino shinies, —
inyrt
e,  greon,   k
-.iv. inn.   hrowii,
navy
IllllO llllll   llllll
k, ol inches wide
at $1
25 ,i yiii'd.
CAMPBELL BROS.
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Al»< oZ<-:-   v7
J^isiat.^
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ISLANDER
*\ |     Our   »to"''   ir roMt"'^ in whi**1
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CAMPBELL BROS.
Ko. nm
THH ISLANDEK, CUMBERLAND, B.C., SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1912
Suli-iiipiiiin priii- (l|.50 per yai
JAMES BAKEWELL, AN OLD PIONEER
OF CUMBERLAND, PASSES AWAY
Large Body of Men Composed of the Members
of Masonic Temple, Orange Lodge, and U.
M.W. of A , follow Wm. Logan's Remains.
ACCIDENTAL DEATH THE VERDICT RETURNED
In Lhe ense of Wm.  Logan, who wns Killed by a Fall
of Coal in No. 8 Shnll. on Lhe Night of Thursday, May 23rd.
Seldom has Cumberland Witnessed such a funeral cortege as
that of lasl Sunday bearing to
the grave all that was mortal of
the late Sergeant William Logan.
The funeral procession passed
down Dunsmuir Avenue on its
way to the cemetry headed by
the City Band playing softly and
with touching effect Nearer, My
God, To Thee. Following them
came the members of the Masonic Order in full regalia immediat-
preceding the casket, which was
covered with the floral tributes
of sorrowing friends. Next in
the procession came the members
of the Orange Lodge in the regalia of their order. Following
came hundreds of his fellow
workmen, members of the United Mine Workers of America.
The length of the procession was
shown by the fact that when the
band was at the corner of Dunsmuir Avenue and Third Street
the last of the procession was
just coming over the hill from
West Cumberland. The widow,
family and friends of the deceased in their sudden bereavement
have the sympathy of the city
and entire district.
The following is the list of
floral offerings:
Emblem    Cumberland  Lodge
No. 26 A. F. A. M.
Globe   L. 0. L. No. 1076
Globe   Firemen, overmen and
manager of No. 5 Shaft
Globe   Mr. and Mrs. Dickson
Globe   Mr. and Mrs. Dobbins
Wreath   Mr. and Mrs.  Thos.
Bennett
Spray Mr. and Mrs. R. IF.
Robertson
Wreath Mr. and Mrs. Dt.vid
Walker
Wreath   Mr. and Mrs. Janes
Walker
Wreath   Mr. and Mrs.  Parks
Wreath   Mr. and Mrs. Biggs
Wreath   Mr. J. Nickson
At the inquest held by Coronei
Abrams last Monday afternooi
to inquire into the death of William Logan,  who was killed ii
No. 5 Mine on the evening of tin
23rd of May, the evidence of the
fire boss in charge on the aftei
noon of the fatal accident wen
to prove that his place was wel
timbered and that the deceaset
was a capable miner in every re
spect, and that they had taker.
every precaution.   The evidence
of his partner on the oppositi
shift and of the miner who worked in the next place also testiliec
to his ability  as a miner.     Tht
jury returned a verdict of accidental death with no blame attached to anyone.
James Bakewell, an old time
resilient of British Columbia,
died suddenly last Sunday afternoon of heart failure. The deceased was seventy years of age,
and a familiar figure on the
streets of Cumberland. Coroner
Abrams held an inquest last Mon
day afternoon at the courthouse.
After hearing the evidence of
several witnesses who found bim
dead in his cabin, and of Dr.
Gillespie who made a post
mortem examination, the jury
returned a verdict of death from
natural causes.
* The funeral took place on Wed
nesday afternoon. The pall bear
ers were Messrs. T. Bickle, H. L.
Bate, J. Denton, H. Parkinson,
J. H. Piket and C. Whyte.
The Moral tributes were:
Wreaths Mr. aud Mrs. L. A.
Mounce. Mr. antl Mrs. R. Grant.
Spray Mr. L. W. Nunns, Mr.
C. Grant, Mrs. J. H. Piket and
Mr. and Mrs. H. Mounce.
Miss Louisa Bickle returned tt
Victoria by yesterday morning's
boat.
Synopsis ot Coal Mining Itiiiulaliuus
COAL.millingliglits of thu Domini,
n Miiiiitulm, Saskatchewan ami Aibertn
the Yukon Turriiory. theN rtliwestTerr
Curled nnd in a portion i f the Prov nca oi
British C.iltinibiit, may hu loa-uid for a tei iii
if tweiity-otie yeara ai an annual rental i.i
1.1 an acre. Nut more ili.n L'.uOOiiuiti
.vill btiloASi-d Imiiiii, iip-ilicuut.
Application for a luime must lit- made li?
'Ill- H|i|illL'lllll lt) III TS"II lot III- A llm 11 ul nil I
tgeiitof tin* district in wiiiih ihu rigliti
ipplicd fur nre slluutuil.
In surveyed territory the laud must L.
ilesortbed 1st, 100110118,or legal subdivision
»f seotiiuis, nud in unsuiveyod territor*
i hu tract H-ifilifd for nlu-.ll bu staked oul lu
he applicant liiiuaulf.
Each application must lie m-u ii.jiiinii-r
>y»fee of |5 whioh will be refunded if lln
kills ii|i|.liuil fiirme lint available, hul hoi
ithuiwise. A royalty shall be fluid on tli
neroliHiitableouiput of ihu iiiiue nt tin
rule of live cuius tier l li.
T.ie person operating the mine shal
iiiioihIi ihe Agent wuh swoni letiirnsHe
uuntlng for ihu full quantity of nurd
.iohIiIuuiiiiI niir.ud nml piy the royi.ll>
hereon. lf the Coal milling rights ah
>>t brine operated, sue returns shall bi
i.n inlleii nt lensl oneoiiyi-nr.
The lease wlll Include the •- nl inlnlti
Ightai nly. but iin-1 i-muy In- permi
- d io -iiirctinnu whatever a\ silabiu bui
face rlghta may bu considered uecessnr
forthe working of the tiiiueai thereto ul
,11100  nni-re.
Km I 11 information applii-stli n shoiili
•oiiiml. to thu Socreiaiy ofiljo Depiiii
out. ii' the llilelior, ll Inwn,   or lo   no;
\.not   rSub Agenl ol I* minimi Lnnds
W. W. CORY,
Depiny Itliiioui . |   In-li tuiior.
N II- UuauihoriK il publioslioti if tin
* Ivenisement will out b-, mil for.
I'Olt SALE—SJ miles from Cum
lerliiiiil, 20aores of extra good Intnl.
lund-fur either fruit or vegetables
Will sell either whole or divide in 10
tore blocks. 1G ueri-s clciired. Apply
N. HAHVEY. Happy Valley
NOTICE is hereby given thnt tbi
next meeting uf the Uom-d of Licenbt
Comniissionors of the City ofCuiuhur-
Innd, I intend to npply for n renewal ol
the hotel license held hy mu for the Nuw
England Hotel, situated on the enst hnlf
of lot 3, in block 3, Cumberland Town
site.
.JA!\'ES WALTERS.
Dated this 11 tli dny of May, 11112.
FOR SilLE—Two fresh cows, Ap
ply GoirBe U«vi?, Union Hnv.
Leighton and Adey, general
blacksmiths of Courtenay, have
added to their business a fine line
of rubber tire buggies, carriages
and delivery wagons. They have
just received a carload direct
from the factory. George B.
Leighton, who has been a resident of the district for eighteen
years, is in a position to know
just what the tanners require.
He has taken into partnership
with him Mr. Charles Adey, an
xpert blacksmith of wide experience, having been a horseshoer
in South Africa during the Boer
war.
Local investors in Port Mann
townsight will be iterested in the
following from one of our Vancouver exchanges:
The Empire Stevedoring Company of this city ls making good
progress at the work of clearing
seven hundred acres, comprising
the southern portion of the town
site of Port Mann. It expects to
finish the contract early in July.
The same company has also
graded the streets fronting on
Bon Accord square, as well as
King Street, a main thoroughfare
and is now busy grading Main
Street, There are 250 men on its
payroll.
One of the latest and dantiest
millinery stores is just being opened up at Courtenay by Miss
Dency Smith, who has just arrived direct from England and
will make Courtenay her home.
Miss Smith has had considerable
experience in the millinery line,
and just previous to her departure from England she visited
London and Paris, the centres of
fashion. So we may expect to
see the ladies of the district with
the very latest from now on.
Mr. James E. Aston expects to
leave sometime during the month
of June for an extended trip to
Kngland.
In the provincial police court
before Judge Abrams Fred M.
Deitchweiler was charged with
stealing one hundred dollars
from Edward Stewart, a logger,
while sharing his room at the
Elk Hotel, Comox. It appears
that Deitchweiler had engaged a
room at the hotel and went to
bed. Stewart engaged another
bed in the same room and later
on went to lied, leaving his money, about one hundred dollars, in
his trowsers pocket. When he
awoke in the morning to his surprise he had lost both room mate
and money. Deitchweiler was
finally located in Vancouver, and
when arrested he had $67.05 on
his person. From the local police
court the prisoner was sent up
for trial to a court of competent
jurisdiction, and left Cumberland
Thursday morning in charge of
Constable Stephenson for Nanaimo.
In the police court last Tuesday afternoon Charles Carlson
appeared before Judge Abrams
charged with being drunk and
disorderly. He evidently had
been drinking too much up behind the school house and creating a disturbance. He got eff
with costs and a warning to
m .md his ways.
YOUNG.COUPLERETURN
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Biggs returned from tbeir honeymoon
trip last Sunday morning and
will make their future home in
C imberland, The following is
the list of the presents which
were awaiting the happy couple
upon their return:
Bed spread, Mr. and Mrs. Geo-
Gibson; fern pot, P.H.Stoddart;
bed spread, Mr. and Mrs. Robt.
Blythe; cake plate, Mr. and Mrs.
S. Calhoun; bed spread, Celia
Aitken; bed spread, Euphemia
and Annie Hayman; berry set
and salt and pepper shakers, Mr.
and Mrs. A. Gray; table cloth,
Mr. and Mrs. F. Ramsay; table
napkins, Dolly Ramsay; knives
and forks, Mr., Mrs. and May
Palmer; glass set, Mr. and Mrs.
S. Teed; table napkins, Jean
Walker; pillowshams, Nellie and
May Walker; bed linen and towels, Mr. and Mrs. S. Horwood;
carvingset, Wm. McKeen;cheque
Thos. Ripley; cheque, Mr. aud
Mrs.Wm. McLellan 'dining chairs
Wm McLellan Jr.; glass set, Ada
McLellan; sideboard scarfs,Helen
Reese; tea set, Mr. and Mos. J.J.
Murray; rocking chair, Mr. and Mrs.
D. ^lniian; toilet sot, Josie Gemini;
bed linen and towels, Mrs. nnd David
Aiikeu; butler disli, Jean Shearer;
cheque, Win. Higgs; cheque, Thus,
Biggs; cheque, Hurry lliggs; lied
spread, Mr. and Mrs. Jaek lli.ua;
plates, spoons and butler knife, Mr.
nml Mir.. A, Me.'ikin; pin Ies. Ivy ami
Olive Biggs; fruit dish, Mrs. //.
lliggs; rugs, Mrs. Win. Mt-l.tdinn;
pillow shams, Mr mul Mrs. Thos.
Hiibertsnii; ben-y spoon, Mr. anil Mi*
Geo Robertson; Lemon Set, Myrtle
McLellnn; cheque, Frank Ohadwiek.
AMATEUR NIGHT
H
AWFUL TRAGEDY COMMUTED
AT LADYSMITH LAST WEDNESDAY
■■MMI^IHMIHMM
Joseph Alhsopp, a former Resident of this placo,
Kills lis wife, Wounds  his  Mother-in-
law, and then Kills Himself.
INTENSE EXCITEMENT PREVAILS IN LADYSMITH
Unfortunnte Couple Resided in Cumberland   Shortly
after Iheir   Marriage   which  took place in
Ladysmith about two Years ago.
A terrible tragedy occurred at
Ladysmith last Wednesday night
shortly after 11 o'clock as a result of which Joe Allsopp is dead
from self-intiicwd wounds and
his wife is not expected to recov
er from the eil'. . of shots from
a revolver in tht n.ar.ds of her
husband.
The married uii. of the All-
sopps hail not bei n u happy one,
and several months ago the
young couple separated, Mrs. Allsopp taking up her residence
with her mother, Mrs. A. M.
Hutchinson and a short time ago
Allsopp left for Vancouver. He
returned on the Transfer
and immediately visited the home
of his mother-in-law. Entering
his wife's apartments he fired
two bullets into his wife's body,
one of the missies penetrating a
lung, the other ploughing its
way trough the body. He is also
alleged to have fired one shot at
his sleeping babe, but missed his
mark, whereupon he fired twice
at his mother-in-law, both bullets
taking efflcct. Having accomplished the terrible deed. Allsopp
then turned the weapon upon
himself, sending two bullets
crashing his head, his death resulting two hours later.
The condition of the young
wife is most critical, the doctors
holding out bat faint hopes of her
recovery. Although Mrs. Hutch
inson was twice wounded her injuries are not considered serious.
All the victims of the triple shoot
ing are well known in Ladysmith
and the terrible affair created intense excitement among the com
munity.
Manager   Curtis   Has
Stage Fix^d up for
Local Genius.
An amateur night is slated to
take place in the Cumberland
Hall next Friday evening, June
7th. The management of that
popular place of amusement bas
set aside that night for amateurs
Anybody and everybody can take
part on the programme, whether
they sing a song or give a step
dance, an address on temperance
or a lecture on swearing, or in
any way they may be able to entertain, it's all the same. It is
open for all amateurs. The stage
will be arranged and new BCenei\\
added so that any vaudeville turn
can be given to advantage. Any
person who can take part is cordially invited. Quite a number
of the best amateurs of the district have already handed in their
names to Manager Curtis. We
do not know who are the judges
for this event, but prizes will be
awarded for the best performances. The first prize will be $7.50,
the second prize $2.50, which will
be awarded at the conclusion of
the performance, the judges' decision to be final. All candidates
entering the contest can have a
pianist if they wish for rehearsal
any afternoon during the week
,n the Cumberland Hall.
The Board of Licence Commissioners held a special meeting in
the council chainln ra on Monday
evening, the 26th inst. There
were present the mayor and com
missioners D. R. MacDonald and
Robert Cessford. The first question that came up for consideration was the licences of bar tenders. The city del k informed the
mayor that he had received no
applications for licences from tbe
bartenders of the city. This the
board did not sojm to understand
The mayor guve tho proprietor
of the Waverly Hotol who was
present a dressing down for not
seeing that his bar tenders were
in possession of the necessary
licence. Frank Dallos assured
the mayor that the matter would
be attended to at once.. The
fact was made known that Wm.
McLean had been acting as bar
tender at the Waverly Hotel for
some time without a licence.
Commissioner MacDonald got excited and .'. ov d that all bar tenders musl mak application for
licences ■■' '     law mual
tak   'i: ■ ■ ■ ■■ was sec
ond    .>  i ioner Cessford
and  can ini.      Fha   wholesale
lie-- s"      ' '■" "!'■   The
mayor d | i   tl to Uok
into thc matter of the wholesale
liquor trade being carried along
with dry goods, groceries and
bread as all one concern,    ile le-
ported progress and pointed out
that he was led to believe that
these places in future must have
a separate establishment for the
liquor business. The meeting
then adjourned to meet at« the
call of the mayor.
Dr.  D. E. Kerr, dentist,  will
be at Cumberland Hotel foi- two,
weeks   beginning    Wid'  ' ' iy,
June 12th.
FOUND   ii :ii <t
gllsnliiu' ['OW   -
Mlil'Mlf Cil|i'' 1. B".     O .l.ii'Mill)'llU'tivi'
particitlni- liy applying to/I.I. lt.\l>-
l'OHD, LOinox, ...t-.
NOW: K io con mi icrottS,
>'CIIO   L.  Dl.OluN'U Ol.o.iSlM..
SKA LED TEN OKI..;*'. jUiperaerilM.
"Tender im- School-house, Diamond
Ci saing." will be ri i tiiv'i : i \ ttit-
lln..mn .uio   ilu-     li   Btt-r    t   !' i lii io
Wni'k- up tn 12 n'clm-lt  '    I iV.'d-
uusil _y, 11,,' | ■_ ii   uiy    i ,   1912,
till-illil t'l-il'tiitl   mill   completion   nf   u
large nm-I'liimi friiiiii' school house nt
In.iiiunili (.'routing in the Newcastle
Electoral District, B.C.
Plana, speciflcations, contract, ami
f rum ut' tender may bo wen nu nml
after the 22nd day of May, I0|3, at
ilu- ulli. en nf li'. G. Shopard, Esq.
So. nlary nf tiie Si-lmnl lloaiij, Ijiiiiy-
-niiili; ilie Government Afp-uis, Cumberland and Naiiai'im; and tin- De-
pa liiu'i'l uf l'ui'lii' Wurka, Pailianii'iii
Hu I lingB, Victoria.
K icIi proposal muat In- aocompaiiied
liy mi iiri'i pted cheque nr certiflca f
ilepoaitun a chartered bnuh of Canada,
made t> yable to lite Honoitililc tliu
Mini ior of Pul'llo Worka, for lln- sum
nf t'Wt, which ahall Ih- forfeited if llle
part) ii'iuli'iiiig ilnollno tu on toi into
i-iiii'i.u'i ii imn called ii pnn m iin nn, "i-
i In- In I lu CntllpletO lllu Work i:<*i .-
ll'irli-il I'm. TllO ollOquea nr ivrlilii-.ilr-
ut i -pot.it of unauci'1-a-.fiil tenderers
.nil la> returned to them upun tin- ox-
■ i u mn nf the contraot.
Ti'llill-'a    will    lull    la'     COIltl li'ii' I
.mil's.'- made out on tin- forme aupplied,
sei til wiih the actual a gnature uf Ine
tenilorer, aud onolonud in tliuonvelopui
fui nielied.
i ui  owest in' any tender not noo's-
•I K i;kii'i'i rn.
I'ltl >i. Engineer
it,   , nt,
I ulwii    II i      i.   .   ,',,'.   101%,
al   tl.t
f l.ioimse
... i      ll  II ,i I it     ..I    (.'iiiih.   .
Uuil 1 mteii'' to 'ifply l . ..   ...i.effn     .1
llie Imtul licuiiSQ lislil u.» uio for ilu Wav
. . ni.il -   ii   i iii-iiiu .   Avm.ue,
0     li i i-i.i i ii....i\  DALLOS,
. U i"0 Util day "   . .   ,, .'.I'i'i,
' '. El .—Two gn d i-tti'pn'ii'-K,
k,    Work to bi-gin im. st\i-
'■ "ply this office,
i .„i!l posed of my bnstnem nil
.f must in- paid nn nr Iw
'"■"I in) -lum', 11112.     all
« nm-  nl.     ■  t; i ,-  . uu-.
J. E, ;...';:)N. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
The Late Emperor Menelik
of Abyssinia
The following start) of the career of the lute Emperor Menelik
in from the London Daily Telegraph,
MKNKUK II. "Negus NogastV
King ■<(' KlugSj now known as
Emperor of Abyssinia, was a remarkable man—ono ol! tho strong mon
of tbo nineteenth ccutury. His uncos-
tor, Monelik I., livad Bonie twouty centuries ago, and agreeably to a tradition reverud in Abyssinia, lie was tbo
-mi of King Solomon uad thu Quoen of
ghoba, 'I iir lato Emperor was tbo son
i>l' a poor woman, anil was bora in
1844, la 1807, wbou Theodore was Emperor, a British army wa.s ia Abyssinia
indor command of Sir Robert Napior—
l.urd Napier of Mugdulu — bo called
from tlm name nt Theodore's capital, to
punish Mm Abyssinian rulor Tor imprisoning a numbor of Europeans, ouo of
whom wan a representative of tho Hrii-
isb govornmont. Our troops lull tlm
"onuiry without settling tuo government, und as iu Zululaud, after the
deposition of Catowayo, a porlod of
chaoa ensued. In 1872 Prince Kus sal
Tigro, an important provinco or stato
of Abyssinia, succeodod as Emperor Jo-
bonnes. Monelik was a son of tlm
Prince of Shea, and was onsued between
him and tin1 Emperor John, Jn 1873
tbu hitter recogulzod Monelik as King
of Skua, und whon, in 1889, John lull
in buttle, Menelik became the NogUS
in his place,
it is tho trouble of Abyssinin that it;
is a feudal state, with rival kingdoms
always ready to dispute tlm supremacy.
In tho south is Shuu, in the northeast
Tigre, in tho centre and west Amhura,
and wbenovor the Negus Negasti dies,
any ono of the chiefs, or UaB, of these
kingdoms may challenge the succession.
King Theodore belonged to Ainburn,
Prince Kassal or the Kwperor Johu to
Tigre, and Menelik to Hhou. Tho whole
(.uuntry is about Um size of France,
with some 11,000,000 of inhabitants.
Lnder Menelik the unity nf the state
has been preserved, but all tlm anxieties of the deceased Emperor during the
last two yours have been to secure the
continuance of that state of things
after the death of the "King of Ethiopia, liiou ot Judah, and Emperor of
Abyssinia."
Menelik was a bom ruler, standing
six feet high, of powerful physique,
with a dark skin, short, curly beard,
aud eyes beaming with intelligence. Mr.
Alfred I'ease, M.P., who saw the Negus
at his palace iu Adis Ababa—now the
capital—thus describes the reception:
"1 was entertained by Menelik at the
Feast of the Buptlsm, and was present
at u great dinner, at whieh 12,000 people sat down. 1 lunl, too, a long private
audienco of the Negus, and was much
impressed by his kindly, simple sense
aud bis benevolent expression, although
I know, of course, that he was capable
of great severity towards offenders. We
talked at some length of international
jealousies, and of the Abyssinian suspicions of Europeans, Menelik admitted
disappointment iu years now passed iu
tis dealing with certain powers. I told
him tbat, no matter what party might
he in power iu England, wo desired to
maintain tho best and most friendly relations with Menelik and bis people, and
assured bim that ho would uever find
■s wanting in good faith. The emperor
lohl mo that he was a man of peace,
although ho was often forced to light.
'1 want,' he said, 'friendship aud good
■nderstanding between myself and Europeans.' f think be was for a timo
alarmed at our proceedings in tbe Hon
dan; and there is nu doubt tbat both
uur action there and our reverses in
Smith Africa have boon continually pre
sented to him by in ton 3ted parties iu a
greatly exaggerated form. He had thus
come to doubt somewhat 'iur desire to
ttee him maintained in a strong, independent position. Menelik told uie, iti
conclusion, that, though he used to be
somewhat suspicious of Europeans, the
more he saw of Englishmen the more he
found thom to bo trustworthy and reli
able. Tbia is largely owing to Colonel
Harrington's influence at bis court.
Menelik is now moving the capital
from Adis Abeba, and is building a now
palace at Adis Alen, a long day's journey to tho northwest, where he eau
be quiet.
Other accounts confirm tbe trust with
which Menelik regarded the English,
and fur this we have largely to credit I
Li cut.-Colonel Sir J. L. Harrington,
K.C.V.O., O.B., who was the Hritisb miu
i«ter in Abyssinia from December, 1903,
lo 1909. and has been succeeded by the
Hon. Wilfred Tkoslger.
Like iiioiit foreign barbaric riders who
i»uke lessons from European powers, thoj
•DO matter in which be was anxious lo
rival us was the possession of a power i
fui army, and In this lm succeeded too
WOll. lie wai soon al lhe head of 150, ;
IHJO troops. TliOSO warriors he trained .
with tha Hovornsl discipline. To tbo
bravost of them bu allowed tho privilege i
.T wearing a lion '■ skin in bnttle, ami it f
was given  by  tho  monarch  himsolf,i
■noli  as the   Vlctoriu Cross is glvOH to
Knglish  sold tors   by   iheir  sovereign.
These meu can go oil marching and
lighting for ill tec days without food.
it spito of hot deserls or billy country.
Their whole training tfinis to make
Ihem brave and hardy. Menelik himself
wus a brave man. At the battle of
Adowa, when the Mauser riilcs of the
Italian army were doing deadly oxoeu
tion among Ce ir dark foes. Ihe ompuroi
towards the closo of th.' engagement
rushed upon the enemy sw ird iu hand,
and slow several Italians. Aflnr military oxertitet Menelik used I mmiuid
his men to sijiial down ou llm ground in
long liimr ."in' lire ball carlndg.s into
tfao air. The falling bullets generally
killed a few of his subjects, but that
was a small matter in his eyes if only
be could thereby teach his people to bo
brave! Many of tbem are iu the habit
of attacking lions with only a spear,
which musl require rare coolness and
skill combined If the lion is not to be
tbo victor. < inly a few years age
Menelik used in Keep three full grown
linns, and allowed them to roam about
tlte grounds of bis palace! Needless to
say, tbey wore n source of terror to
many of the emperor's visitors. When
asked by a European whether lhe lions
ever killed pooplo, Menelik replied.
"Yes, they do occasionally, lint we al
nays kill Ihe lion afterwards.1' At lhe
lirno of the great famine he had—Uis
lioni killed, observing that ho could nol
bear to food wild beasts while bis pen
pie wore starving.
Tho religion of the Abyssinians is a
corrupted form of Christianity, and w
introduced into the country about 'dot)
A.D. Uut, debased though it is from
the teachings of Christ, it had no inconsiderable ell'ect on the moral sentiments of the people. The doctrine of
forgiveness is universally taught. A recent French writer. M. Ungues l.e Rous,
snys: "Vnu eunnot dismiss a servant.
or, with regard to a culprit, take u
stand which everyone believes just,
wit hout being visited by the friends
and the enemies of the delinquent. They
all come and entreat you, 'Vou are u
(Ibrlstlanf Forgive him!' And tb1
humble do not ask merely that pardon
shall be granted by their masters; they
OUdOUVor to practise it among themselves," At the siege of Mukello tbe
Italians were hemmed iu by K:is Mali nn urn and his army of 15,000 men,
They were perishing for want of water,
aud in their extremity sent forth their
natives, 11,000 blacks,'to propitiate tho
lias (or governor), who gave them food
and drink, and let them depart. Then
the Italians, whu were in a desperate
plight, came out to beg for terms, aud
were received by Menelik, who said:
" You have not been kind to me or
mine; you have broken your pledged
word and drawn the sword agaiust us.
Nevertheless, I do not. wish it said tbat
Christians died here like dogs. So you
may go." And uot only were the
Italians allowed to depart, but mules
wore provided for them.
Another good story of Menelik's hu
inanity is told. The King of Knti'a, a
rebellious vassal, was captured and
brought before tbe emporor. Kalfa was
a haughty potentate who "had himself
fed by a slave, in order thnt he might
reserve his minds for lighting his enemies." .Menelik's soldiers cried for his
head. When the tumult had subsided
ami silence was restored, the "King id'
Kings" addressing the captive, said,
"Co! Yen are less to blame than these
meu who wish sentence to he passed
upon >'ou by a man in anger."
Tlm lato Sir Hurtle Prero held thnt
Creat Britain ought to have retained
her intluence over Abyssinia after the
expedition of 1SU7. All that has happened slnco goes to confirm that view.
In 1884, when Mr. ("Hailstone's government, resolved to separate the Soudan
from Egypt—a most unfortunate resolve
—Massown, un the Ked sea, the one port
of that part of the world, was tendered
to thc Italians, wbo accepted the offer.
The Abyssinians naturally resented thi
transaction and di Hi cul ties arose between the Italians and the Abyssinians,
and in ISIW war broke out. The Italians,
after various successes, suffered two reverses at Amba Alagi and Makele, and,
having advanced ton far southward,
were compelled to tall back, tn February, 18%, General Haratieri took the
field at the head uf 13,000 men. Menelik
advanced tu meet him with 90,000 uf bis
braves, and a desperate light took place
un March 1, at Adnn, ur Ado Wli. It was
a dillicult country, and une nf the four
Italian brigades pushed forward too far,
and was attacked by overwhelming numbers, and the other brigades, advancing
in support, suffered terrible losses. In
all, they lust 4,000 men and '2,000 prisoners. Gonoral Baldesslra advanced with
large reinforcements to avenge the defeat, hut the Abyssinians retired, and
eventually peace was concluded, and finally the question of frontiers was settled in 1001).
To Italy the war was disastrous, but
it attracted to Abyssinia the regard of
European powers, and Kussian, French,
British and Italian representatives were
sent to tbe Abyssinian capital. Mr.
(now Sir)Kenne.l Itodd iu ]S!>7 concluded a friendly treaty with Abyssinia, and
from tbat time onward British Influence
has been increasing.
The Abyssinian potentate had a passion for machinery, and he owed to a
recent Hritisb traveller. Mr. Uentley, his
lirst ride in a motor ear.
Menelik married in 18811 Taitu. his
Queen, considered in her time to bave
been a great beauty. She had beeu originally wedded to une of King Theodore s
generals, wbo was put in chains by that
monarch. As a further punishment she
was then eompulsorily married to :i
common soldier, and from tbis her second husband she was divorced, and after
Ihe imprisonment of her third she retired to a convent, intending to remain
there tor the rest nf ber days. Changing
her mind, however, sin* emerged from
her seclusion ami married a fourth lime.
What   becau f  this  husband  is not
staled, but 24 years ago, all difficultlos
having been removed she took as her
tilth husband Die Bmnoror Menelik. But
there has been nu heir and the question
of the succession is a serious one. Ho
far as lhe European powers are concern
ed,   England,   France   and   Russia   will
find no ditlicully t me In un agree
ment; but iu Abyssinia the situation is
not so clear.
The fact is, as was well known in
Abyssinin, the ambitious Tajtou, or Taitu, was plotting to succeed Menelik as
Empress. A forceful personality she has
for years been working to this end. Hut,
though Menelik had no suu, he had a
daughter, who married Kits Mikhail, an
Important Tigrnn prince, and sho bore
lilm a son, Prince Lidj Eyassu, nr Yassu.
This youth wlm is. of course, Monelik's
grandson, is now about II years of age.
and despite all the intrigue of Taitu, the
emporor determined two years, or possibly more, ago to nominate Eyassu as
Ills successor. Around the death-bed of
the old Negns there havo bcen endless
intrigues, of which the empress was the
centre, us she resolutely clung to the
li-i|4' of securing the crown of Ethiopia
for herself. All the while she was counting on the Princes of Shou and tbo south
tu support her cause.
Tn order tn counteract these man-
 ivre^, the cabinet of Menelik definitely nominated Lidj Eynssu, or Yassu,
in succession tn the Negus, and to prepare him for tlm future a European tour
was arranged for him. Beginning wilh
Home he was tn visit all thc principal
capitals of Europe. Rut thc renewed
grave illness of Menelik prevented the
carrying out nf this project. If thc
etupernr   should   die   while   the   youn
cession wuuld be seriously jeopardized.
So Lidj Eyassu remained near his grandfather, who assemblod all tho great
hiefs, and had an imperial decree issued
solemnly declaring Lidj Kyassu as his
successor, "the curso of heaven being
invoked on whomsoever failed to rce.'g-
nizo him and sorvo bim faithfully." At
the same time Ras Tesnma, a trusted
counsellor, was confirmed iu his position
as guardian iu the prince,
Tho curso of the dying potentate is
su charucteristie of thc man, and su
typical of the country that it is worth
wliile to quote it.   Theso were its terms:
"If anyone bo found so held as tu say
'We will not obey Eyassu, and wiil
throw the kingdom into disorder,' may
the malediction incurred by Judah, may
the anathema launched against Arius,
fall upon him. May thc land abjure
him, who objures my words, and may n
black dog be bom to him fur a son!
"Know ull you, whom 1 hnvo rntsod
tu dignity, know all you greut aud
small, that I curso ull who shall dis
obey me, and who after my dead do not
follow my grandson,
" Ami finally to remove ull danger
lest my sou Eyassu and his gunrdinu
should do evil and depart from my ways
nnd from my will, know also that
against both 1 hurl the snme nnuthemn,
in euse they should betray their trust.'1
This document was rend with all
solemnity by tbe High Priest Math-
ons, in the Hall of Audiences, to tbe
assembled chiefs; and after its perusal
the high priest, solemnly anathematized
all tbose who should dare to ignore the
Curses arid anathemas ma ybo powerful in Abyssinia, but Has Tesnru, the
guardian of the young prince nml the
ohiofs who are in tlm interest of the
heir apparent, at Adis Abeba, bad to
consider the machinations of tho living
empress, as well as the maledictions of
the stricken emperor; ami they came to
tho conclusion tlmt the succession was
not safe while Taitu remained in the
capital. They therefore decreed that
she should be deposed and must, quit
tbe imperial palace. At the same time
Kus Tosama took over the reins of
govornmout, To make the work complete it was ordered that all the appointments made by the Empress in
the provinces should be nnnuled, the
former chiefs being reinstated, in accordance with their prior rights. At
the same time all the loyal chief's swore
allegiance te the Prince Eyassu. before
the Metropolitan nr High Priest Mat lions,
According tu tiie latest news the Emporor Menelik had Buffered two or three
seizures, lhe last lieing n paralytic affection of the brain, which rendered
speech almost Impossible
plaint was that England neither understood her Canadian children nor cared
much about them. It was the snme
complaint that was mado by the American Colonists a hundred years earlier.
It is unfortunate that English schoolboys are not taught American history
as read by the light of modern Interpretation. Nothing is clearer than that
Kngland lost hcr American Colonies because Bho was out of sympathy with
them; because tbo pragmatic English
man of the eighteenth century had no
comprehension of the aims and aspirations uf his brothers across the sons:
because, perhaps more important of nil,
there was no "grand legislative of lhe
nation," as Otis proposed, in which thi'
spokesmen of the Colonies might be
heard. Had the Colonies bean represented in Westminster through their dele
gates or in an imperial or Empire Council probably the bend uf Empire mighl
not havo been severed, It is nut ueces
sary tu fellow iu detail the recognition
slowly forced upon the United Stales
that Canada wus a commercial Power to
be reckoned with anil the repented at
tempts made by Canada tu establish
mure neighborly relations.
The conclusion of a reciprocity treaty
more than fifty yenrs ago, it was
thought at that time, would remove all
cases of friction nnd promote that mutually advantageous trade that naturally
ought lo exist between adjacent countries, bnt it failed uf its purpose ami
left mutters mueh in the shape tbey
were before. Passing rapidly nver the
intervening years, there were from time
to time attempts made to revive the re
ctprocal agreements, but without success, Canada sent envoys to treat with
the Americans, whu received their visit
ors with scant courtesv; aud matters
drifted until 1897. when Mr. McKinley
was President. Sir Wilfred Laurier,
elected on n platform of closer trade relations with the United States, came to
Washington and labored earnestly wilh
President McKinley to make concessions
to Canada in the Tariff Hill then under
consideration; but, Mr. McKinley was n
stiff Protectionist, who saw no virtue in
concessions, and least uf nil to Canada,
wliich, it was supposed, had nu power
of reprisal. The Dlngloy Tariff piled
up the duties on Canadian agricultural
products, whoso natural market WAS the
United States, Sir Wilfred Laurier felt
that hifi friendly overtures bad been ungenerously received, and that Canada
would not take tho initiative in endeavoring to promote friendship. Canada
bad made these periodical pilgrimages
to Washington in the role of a suppliant,
Never again would Canada go to Can-
ossa.
There begins nnw tn be written a
fresh chapter in the history of thc de-
Work on New Assiniboine Kailway Bridge Adjoining Union Depot
The position of a Negus only M years
old in a country like Abyssinia is, of
course, precarious, and much will depend upon tbe character and energy of
the Regent, Ras ToBamn. As prince,
Eyussu, thc heir presumptive, was educated with great care. He speaks
French, German and English intelligibly, and is said to bo greatly attracted
by European culture. Report has it
that he is of a shy and retiring disposition, which is not improbable in the
case of one brought up, as be has been,
by tho brothers of a Coptic monastery.
The European representatives will, uf
course, do their best to prevent the outbreak of a civil wur, and, happily, of
late years, western influence has grown
considerably iu Abyssinia.
riiicc was in Europe, his chances of sue I
WE AND OUR NEIGHBORS
(By  A.   Maurice  Low,  iu  the  London
Morning Post)
IT is known to everyone who has only
a superficial knowledge of Anglo-
American relations lhat fnr many
years Canada was a thorn in the llesh
of tin.' United States, and it was nu account nf Canada that Creat Britain ami
the l'uited Slates more than unce narrowly escaped severing diplomatic relations, and perhaps the mure serious consequences tlmt might havo followed. . .
. . The principal duty of the British
Minister accredited to Washington in
Ibe latter half of the last century was
to keep lhe peace aud patch up agreements that should tide over the latest
crisis.
Americans of that day had, in their
own vernacular, "no vise for Canada."
Tbey spoke abuut Canadians contemptuously as " ( anueks,'' which made
must Canadians want to light; Americans felt that they were big and strong
and rich; they sneered at Canada with
its small population, uud talked in
spread-euglo fashion of "manifest destiny," of thc day to como wben Canada
would fall into their lap and bc purt
of the American Union. For Americans
appreciated the potential wealth and
strength of the Dominion, and in their
fear saw an arrow pointed at their
heart; or they gave rein to their imagination, and say how enormously the
power and riches of their own country
wuuld he Increased by the absorption of
the territory to tho north of thom.
Naturally, Canada resented this, and
was embittered. She struggled on, making slow but steady progress. It was for
years the complaint of Canada that she
wns ''sacrificed" to Imperial interests;
that whenover nny question arose between Creat Britain and the United
States. England invariably surrendered
everything to the United States without
regard to the interests of Canada. It. is
not a profitable task tn rake ovor the
dead embers of national antipathies, Undoubtedly Canada had much lo com-
plain uf.' __-^	
A further ground of Canadian com-
velnpment of Canada. Owing to geographical proximity, Cnnaiia considered
thnt it was more important to cultivate
tlm Amciiciiii than tho English market,
but she commences now a policy of Preference to England so as to discriminate
against American importations that
would naturally be brought intn compe-
Mnthor Country, while at the same time
she carefully protects ber own rapidly-
growing industries. The policy works
well. Cannda comes increasingly to rely
upon herself, trade tn and from the
United States expands to the advantage
of both, nnd Knglaud does not suffer.
Canada now takes complete chnrge of
her trade relations, concluding conventions with other Powers without the formality of passing them through the
hands nf the Imperial authorities. That
Canada enjoyed complete autonomy so
fur as her customs and tariff were concerned did not escape attention in this
country, especially in New England, in
Massachusetts am) Maine more partieu
larly, iu which states there has existed
tbo   strongest  opposition   to   Canada,
Long standing grievances nf MassaollU
setts and .Maine tishermeu ngainst the
Dominion authorities, a heavy influx of
French -Canadians willing to work iu the
textile mills of Ihose states ut lower
wages than the American, the border
competition of fanners in agricultural
products, the carefully cherished grievances of Xew England against (Ud Eng
laud—for nowhere in the country are
memories kept alive as tbey are in' Mas
raehusotts—mado New England antl-
English, and therefore unti ('auadian.
But side by side with this narrow
policy of isolation tliere has grown up
during tho last few years a strong feel
ing in favor of reciprocity and freer
trade relations with Canada. Senator
Lodge, like all men nt advancing years
who have long cluug tn oue idea, leads
the older and nt lhe present time more
numerous party; Mr. Puss, whose election to Congress lately created such u
sensation, leads the nther. Mr. Foss,
who began his political life as a Republican, hns publicly stated that ho was
driven out of the' Republican party by
Senator Lodge because ho advocated reciprocity with Canada. Uo reports Senator Lodge ns having said to him a few
years ago: "Foss, you are in thc wrong
party. There is no place in the Itepuh-
licnn party in Massachusetts for a man
who believes as ynu do, and who makes
the fight you have tried to make. You
will mnke no headway with this,cause
of yours in the Republican pnrty. 1
shall see to that." Tn which Mr. Foss
alleges he replied at the time: " Lodge.
E believe ynu will live to regret that
stat cniont.'' Prophetic words tbat
seem on tlieir wav to fulfilment.
THE   PROBLEM  OF  THE   AURORA
auroras—boronl and nus-
re  mysteries  as  yot unexplained.   The theories attributing
them to optical, magnetic, and electrical
rpHE polar
X.    trnl—are
causes remain debatable. Professor
Dudloy, of tho University of Nashville,
attributes them to the prosence of neon,
a very ruro gaseous element whieh possesses the property of becoming luminous.
This strange element is mado luminous by tho action of magnetic discharges formed by ions. Noon coudonses under the action ot the cold of extremely
high atmospheric regions and of the
glacial zones. Dr. Dudley has succeodod
in isolating a very small quantity of
this gas, which is a product so evasive
that ono hundred tons of air are required fur tho obtaining nf a single quart.
The experiments of I'rofessnr Dudley
prove that a false aurora boreal la in all
its colors may be produced by iutroduc
ing neon into a CrooKes tube and snh
jeeting it to the action of Hertzian
waves.
The Horseman
AT the bienninl congress nf the American Trntting Association, while
there is apparently no queslinu of
great importance to 00mo up, the proposed hopple rulo is liable to provoke a
warm debate, as it is well known that
a large number of delegates are coaling nn specially to light for or against
the proposal. Tho other amendments
arc nut calculated to provoke much nd-
verse discussion, iih tlmy are obviously
for tho benefit of both associations ami
horsemen ninl will appeal tn the com
nmn sense of the delegates. The question nf sending u correct list of nominations tu tho parent association, and the
necessity of informing nominators if
classes have not boon tilled is Important.
The amendment rulo (7) will read as
fid lows:
"It shall be the duty of the secretary
nr other person authorized to publish the
list nf entries, ninl tn mail each nominator and to the secretary of the American
Trotting Association a copy of tlm Bame.
In case any rnce has not filled, the secretary nr corresponding officer shall,
within ninety-six hours nfter closing of
entries, notify each nominator, either by
telegraph or mail, that said class bus
not tilled. Any member failing to comply with this rule shall, upon conviction
by the board of appeals, be lined, suspended nr expelled."
The central ofllco is the only repository nf Information with regard to the
eligibility of entries, and the secretary
is the only man whn can give Ihe member accurate information, On the other
hand, the nominator has a right to know
what he will have to start against, and
he should certainly be quickly notified
if the class or classes have not been
filled. The second clause nf the same
rule will read as follows:
"A complete list of nominations tn
any stake or instalment plan purse
shall be published within fifteen days
after the date uf closing and mailed to
each nominator and the secretary of
the American Trotting Association, and
if the subsequent payments of entrance
fees nre required by the published conditions to be made on specified dates, a
complete list of those making each payment shall be published within ten days
after it becomes due nnd mailed to
each nominator and tho secretary of the
American Trotting Association, and.
furthermore, if tbe nominations can be
transferred or substituted, each transfer or substitution, in the event nf any
being mude, shall appear in the Ilrst
list published after the date fixed by
the conditions. Thc failure of a member to comply with this rule shall relieve
nominators from liability for entrance
or penalties for non-payment of entrance in tho event."
This rule should be very carofully
read by secretaries, oh there is a very
drastic condition attached. If the member fails to comply with the rule, the
nominator is relieved from all liability
for entrance fees or penalties for their
non-payment. There is nothing so annoying or unjust as for an owner to come
to a meeting and find that the only race
he bad entered in had been declared off.
it is a serious loss of time and money
which mnny small owners cannot afford
to lose, but as a genernl principle no
rich ownor should suffer on this account.
There has always been more or less
heart burning over certain owners getting specinl terms of entries far more
advantageous than the published conditions. It is notorious that at ono time
a big stable which bailed from nenr Buffalo always carried along twn or three
special attractions and expected that
these exhibitions would pay for all the
entry fees in the regular classes. Sometimes it worked and sometimes it did
not. Amended rule 12 will stop all preference,    It rends as follows:
"A member shall not offer to a nomin
ntor nr owner any inducement not offer
d to nil, nor shall a member pay nr offer
to pay shipping ttr other expenses tn
any nominator, unless such offer is made
to all. Anv such idler or inducement
must be included in tbo published conditions nf the meeting. Violation of this
rule shall be punished by a fine of not
less than $11 nor oxoeodlng $100 fur
each offense."
This is a good sound democratic rule
which protects the little fellow with one
horse and does no injustice to the owner
of a big stable. The rule with regard
to identity and eligibility bas been simplified. It is an amendment to rulo 22
and reads thus:
"Any member nr any nllieer of this
association or nnv party competing in
the race mny call for information concerning the identity or eligibility of nny
borse thnt is nr has been entered on
the grounds of a member, and may demand nn opportunity to exnmine'such
bnrso wjth the view tn establish hiB
identity or eligibility, and if the owner
or party controlling such horse shall refuse to afford such information or to
allow such examination, the horse nnd
said owner or party may be susponded
or expelled by the judges pending the
rnce. or thereafter by the member, or
by the president of this association."
Old rule 20, which made all engagements void by death, has beon amended
so that if a horse or a partner survive
the engagement is still alive. This is in
the interest of thc surviving partner,
who should uot have his just interests
destroyed by tho death of the other
member of the firm. Here is the amended rule:
"All engagements, including obligations for entrance fees, shall bo void
upon the decease of either party or
horse, prior to the starting of the rnce.
so fur as they shall affect tho deceased
or horse, except when assumed
y tin estate before tho noxt payment
becomes due; but where the proprietorship is in moro tban ono person, and
nny survive, the survivor and borse shall
be held; but forfeits, also matches made
'play or pay,' shall not bo affected by
the death of the horso.'*
THE MAN WHO WINS
The Flay Day
WE must all have a play day. Play
recreates, and tbo real purpose,
a creating anew, should always
be kept in mind. "Killed whilo ut
play'' seems a terrible irony, aa we
read it in a news item. Ought we to
rest, that we may work, or work that
we may restf Neither. Wo both eat-
to live and live to eat. Wo muat resl
if we would work on. We may rest
if wo work as we should.
If work is one of man's greatest
blessings, and it surely is, so is rost
ono of bis greatest goods. Only tho
fool attempts impossible reasoning as
to comparisons that will nnt compare.
The play day shines before it comos.
Its anticipation is almost its larger half,
aud rightly, it thus keeps up uur nerve.
Probably tho ox, a hard worker, does
not anticipate half an hour; he begins
to trot when in sight of tbe stall.
But mau pictures the palaces of a
round world trip for years and toils on
in hope. Tbe memories nf a play day
are riches which no sheriff can attach.
Tlmy pay dividends by tho hour in our
uld ugo when we sit crooning on a staff.
The genernl estimate of recreation is
uot sufficiently thoughtful. Too often
it is "Any old thing, so I get awny
frmn work." This explains tbe injuries
received, tbo impediments in our career
the result, Tho greut lawyer unbends
.nd gets drunk as a fiddler. The thoughtless young fellow could uot bo expected
to bo more cautious. The released volition, not then on guard, leaves ono defenseless. A very successful employer
of men said: "1 only want to know tbe
character of bis play to estimate a
man's capacity for work." The play
day is like a Pullman sleeper. Where
do you find yourself in the morning as
you Innk out of the window?
As a general law one's recreations
shuuld be quite removed from the ordinary work of life. Maybe there aro different brain cells to be usod, maybe
not; but we all know thc value nf forgetting the routino for a fow hours,
Thero is always lying next to the path
a man who did take another path ho
almost took.
The merchant came near being a machinist. Naturally his recreation is a
little private shop with vise and lathe.
The tiling one longs tn do, if it. does
not hurt, is the right plan. More than
unce au avneation has grown into n vocation, The happiness nf pursuing a
favorite lino in off hours proved so great
autl the educational power sn obvious
that the man discovered he had missed
his calling.
That very frequent experience speaks
volumes as to what recreation should be.
It is poor business, to snr tho least,
when recreation actually injures one for
his calling. Thero is always the other
fellow to be considered in tiie play. We
do not, ns a rule, like tn injure another
person just to umusc ourselves.
If we do, we shall find this strange
law: The companion of a bad play day
can wound us more vitally than any
one else nn earth. If we have demanded of another abasement and loss nf
honor to amuse ns the avengement is ns
sure as daylight. On the other hand,
there arc few sweeter memories than of
onr innocent childhood playmates, few
more ennobling friendships than those
nf congenial and worthy hours of play.
A FAMOUS HIPPOPOTAMUS
THK body nf Caliph, who was for
thirty years the undispuied hippo-
potnmus king of Central Park,
Xew York, hns just bcen mounted at,
the Museum nf Naturnl History in that
city. Caliph was the largest and most
famous bippopotumus iu the world, being twelve feet in length, and weighed
four tons. The great skin, which contained 100 square feet, was fitted over
a manikin cast obtained from a modelled figure of the big animal. This is the
first hippopotamus to bo mountod by the
uew method of plastic taxidermy, and
the work was executed by Frederick
Bluschke. (aliph's six sons nre now
distributed among the leading zoological
gardens of the world, one at present in
the New York Zoological Park having
been sold for three thousand dollars.
They are the only hippopotami born in
captivity that have lived and thrived.
Caliph was captured in the River N'ilo
in infancy, in 1877.
STONE OONOS
AT (diufu, the birthplace of Confucius, there arc to bo seen some
remarkable examples of sounding-
stones nr stnne gongs. One of these
stones, which nre composed of u grayish
oolitic limestone, has been shaped into
a cover for an tncensedisb placed ia
front nf tlm tomb of the grandson of
Confucius. Wlmn struck with a stick,
or with the knuckles, it rings liko
bron/.e, and the sound is sn distinct that
it is dillicult to believe, without inspection, thnt the object is not really composed of metal.
Sounding-stones ure known in other
countries. Tbere is a bridge at Corick,
in Mayo County, Ireland, which is locally known ns the "musical bridge," becnuse the stones forming the coping
give out a musical note when struck.
HEGAX—"I think Miss de Blank ia
very rude.''
.Tones—"What   causes you  to-
think that?   I never thought her bo."
Began—"T mot her uut for a walk
DODDS
KIDNEY
'NTS   Dl5
1HETES THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, H.C.
^
The Dash for Canada
(Prom the Narrative of Mr, David Stuart, Late Royal Canadian Rifles)
I WAS escorting ammunition from
Kingston to New London when 1
heard of tbe Intention uf a host uf
discontented Fenians to steal Canada—
for that was what their crazy plot
amounted to. That terrible war between
the Northern and Southern States was
ended, and it let louse thousands of
Irishmen, who bud served both 'sides
and wanted to keep their fighting band
ii, Tbey bad nothing useful to du, aud
plenty of time tn do it in; aud ynu
know' how Inevitably such malcontents
go wrong.
On the inarch, we used to talk a good
deal about tbe trouble wliich was brew
iug, but 1 never took it seriously, J
knew, from experience at the Alnin,
Balaclava, und tukermau, what real war
was, aud was well aware, frmn hearsay,
what the fierce American battles had
meant. 1 could nut imagine that eveu
reckless Irishmen wuuld be quite sn mad
as to attempt the impossible, which was
to swoop nn Canada and wrest the country from the British troops who, in those
duyB, were kept there iu considerable
force.
There was serious trouble threatening, for about ten thousand volunteers
were called out in Canada, while it was
reported that iu the United States the
Fenians were growing to such uu enormous extent that they had to bo numbered bv the hundred thousand.
I heard of these and other things; but
they did nut interfere with my night's
rest. I marched ami sinnkod aud laughed and chatted with the best, und laughed all tbe more merrily when I was told
that the Fenians were going to raid the
vast continent ami take und keep it.
The thing seemed toe mad even tn bo
thought of, and one of the hopeless
schemes that "no human being could
tako seriously; yet it was actually attempted, uud, like a thunderbolt, we got
the order to go on activo service, and
make our way ns fast as we could to n
place on the* Niagara Kiver, opposite
Buffalo, which we always called Pigeon
Hill, but tho real name of which was
Kort Erie.
I was attached to the 00th Riflos, and
we wore hurried up to Pigeon Hill. We
wont by way of Niagara hills, which, iu
thoso days* werd very different from
what they aro now, 1 fancy, when, they
have been spoilt ami disfigured by the
electric power-stations; but wonderful
as the cataract and the falls ond rapids
are, tliere were not many of us whn talked much about them, nr spent time in
looking nt them. We were too keonly
interested in our expected fighting to
trouble about the marvels ami beauties
•f nature.
It was a hard rush, aud I was glad
whea it was over and there was a chance
of doing u real soldier's work, which is
fighting. I did not suppose that it
would be anything like tneklingtho Rus-
rians, and it waB not; yet the business
was exciting enough when it began, for
Ike FeiianB were in dead earnest—and
m were we. Tbey bad no sucb thing
u military discipline or real training
amongst them. If tbey bad had even
one capable commander they would never have gone about their business as
they did, because no sano soldior would
have allowed n mere rabble ot pit themselves against trained British troops,
many of whom, like myself, hnd learnt
their trade in one of the most terrible
of recent ware.
Id addition to the infantry, there wns
nl Pigeon Hill the "B" battery of tbo
Koyal Horse Artillery. They had
smooth bore, light field-pieces, which
were flue weapons of their sort; but not
U be compared with the deadly guns of
today. If one modern gun, with its
power of quick firing, had bcen at work,
aot a soul amongst the raiders would
have escaped
Beiug on the bnnk of the river, we
had, of course, a great advantage over
the enemy, who, true to their principle
of doing a wrong thing in the worst possible way, meant to assault us, not by
tend, but by wnter—and that water a
twiftly-flowing stream. Their idea was
to eome down to ub in barges, land, attack ub, kill us or drive us away, aud
eater into victorious possession of Canada. Did you ever hear of anything so
foolishf And can you wonder that tho
end was what it proved to bet (I am
dealing now with what happened to the
force to which I belonged. There was
another column, of Canadian Militia,
whieh came into collision with the Fen
inns, tbe result being n fairly heavy loss
of life.)
I had seen some amazing things in the
Crimea, but never anything so astounding ns the sight I saw when, that fine
June morning in i860, bargeloads full of
Fenian* came down Niagara River to
attack Fort Pigeon. The croft were
very much like those you see on the
Thames—grain barges, which were then
in common use on the American lakes.
The river was about us wide as tho
Thames at London Bridge, only with a
▼ery much swifter sweep of the tide. To
the best of my recollection the barges
were towed by tugs.
They were packed with men, and with
rich men, tool I saw thom clearly from
tbe fort, and had u good deal to do with
them afterwards. I should Bay thero
were a dozen or moro barges, nnd each
held a hundrod or a hundred and fifty
men. They were old and young—but
poor, ignorant, deluded wretches, who
didn't know a bee from a bull's foot.
Some of them were old men who ought
to have known better; but thoy had
been led astray by agitators and mischief-mongers, the sort of people who
always want what othor people have got,
and to stick to their own possessions as
well. Some of the Fenians were in a
sort of green uniform, but the majority
were dressed in ordinary clothes. Thoy
had rifles and shot-guns and old blunderbusses, but I don't remember seeing any
•words or bayonets amongst them.
On came the barges with their would-
be warriors, exposed to any fire that wo
la Fort Pigeon, three thousand seasoned
British troops, cared to pour into them.
The sight was pititful to look at, especially to me wbo had Been so much of the
horrors of battlo, and knew what a
butchery an engagement would be. I
was sure that a good many or the
Fenians were veteran soldiers—becnuse
the American war had given them a
good training, but I knew also that
there would be a great number of foolish, inexperienced young fellows who
would be quaking in their shoes, in the
barges, and praying for tbe fight to bo
over; if, indeed, they woro not earnestly
hoping thnt it would never start. I
daresay they were beginning fo think it
wus oue thing to bum and devastate
farms, as they hud done, and another to
light the soldiers of tbe Queeu. They
had committed some wicked outrages in
the country, where they had helped
themselves to horses and vehicles, and
bad killed a farmer who objected, naturally enough, to their robbery of bis possessions.
Our guns were trained on tbe bargos,
anil our rifles were loaded. Surely, 1
thought, the deluded creatures would not
continue their attempt; surely, even at
thu Inst, they would turn and tly aud
save tbeir skins. I hoped and longed
and pitied vainly, fur they came on to
llie tragic and miserable end.
Then fnr an hour ur su, 1 looked un
as hnt a bit of work as uny man could
wish tn see, for the field-guns boomed
and tlic British snipers snapped from
the laud, while from Niagara River
came the fusillade of the poor gas-pipes
id' the Fenians, mingled with their yells
and the cries nf the wounded, as they
tried to get their clumsy craft to the
shore and land for an assault.
One incident stnnds out very clearly
in inymind, now that I am talking
again of the mid. It was nue nf tho
most extraordinary features of the
whole amazing business.
The Fenians were advancing to the
strains nf bagpipes 1
I heard the swirl nf them, and I saw
the piper—a man, doubtless an Irishman, in full Highland costume, kilt and
sporran and all, keeping his own spirits
up and inspiring his companions with a
tune. I saw iiim quite clearly, and
heard the pipes distinctly. I believe it
was "The Campbells are Cnmin' " thut
he played. Well, they came, and if 1 hoy
rec.llv were Cumpbolis they went a great
deul'fnstor than tliey came. That was
the first and last 1 saw of lint piper iu
the barge, for almost instantly the flight
began. I believe the kilt flapped very
energetically against his buro knees as
he bolted, lle must have got ashore
somehow und cut across country nnd
escaped.
I was ii soldier nnd hud to do my
duty, wiiicb wns to help to destroy the
raiders; but, believe me, as far os I am
concerned, I never shared in more
thankless or unwelcome work, becauso it
was more like murder than work, I had
met the grey, grim Russians timo after
time—poor patient fellows many of
them were, too—and had no compunction about shooting and bayoneting
them; but tbey were a natural sort of
enemy, being foreigners and trained soldiers, while those deluded raiders were
men who came from the samo kingdom
worse. Thoro were the prisoners to collect and look after, and send off to
Kingston Penitentiary, four of flvo hundred miles away, and I was one of the
soldiers who were told off for escort
duty.
The prisoners woro put into cattlo
trucks. They were crowded into them,
sitting and standing, and doing tho best
they could tu make themselves comfort
able for a horrible journey, which lasted
two days and two nights. Wo had disunited the Fenians, und mounted guard
with loaded rifles, but thoy were quiet
enough on tbe journey, and made no attempt either to escape of overpower u .
I think by that time thoy had come to
seo how foolish tbey bad been. Tbey
were thankful for uny food or drink wo
gave them, aud blessed nnd re blessed
us when two nr three mon of the escort
managed to give them a nip of whisky
That sounds charitable, doesn't it!
I nm now talking of the old Canadian
rye product—the true fire-water which
could be bought for a shilling a quart.
It was cheap and very misty, but it
cheered thein up a lot. Von say that
they don't give you rye whisky iu America or Canada now for a shilling a
quurt, or anything like it? Well, 1 daresay not; but there it was in my time,
and often enough I bad it at the price,
ton. 1 have lung ago learned to have tu
du without such luxuries as thut, and to
suffer pain ami make the best of an old-
age pension. Ah, well! 1 suppose tliere
is no help for it, and thnt the old soldier
is like a gnud many mnro old things—
forgotten. However, 1 must go nbeud
with tny stnry.
Tlm wildest men amongst the prisoners 1 had anything to dn with were
about half-a-dozen dare-devil Irish ex-
oldiers, who had served during the Civil
War; but they got their spirits tamed
a good deal by eighteen months of hard
labor in the penitentiary. 1 wns thankful when the miserable railway journey
was ended, and the trucks were cleared
of their wretched human freight. I am
sure that, nfter such an experience on
the track, they were gliul to go even to
gaol, nlthough they soon got tired of
sawing wood, and doing similar wurk. 1
wns one of tlic military guard at tho
prison—we lind to find twenty men a
day for gunrd—nud weury, monotonous
work it was, although the actual control
nf the prisoners was in tho hands of the
warders, who had loaded rifles.
I gut to know Colonel Lynch very well
by sight, nnd, of course, I became intensely interested in him. He picked
up vory quickly after his capture, and
t often watched him carrying old boots
under his nrm, which ho was taking to
mend. Thnt was tho sort of work be
was put to do when it had beon decided
that he should not bo banged. He was
a very smart-looking mau, with black
side whiskers, and had got bis rank
from, I believe, thc American Army. I
had a good deal of spare time ou my
hands, and wns forced to llll it in some-
bow. I am afraid I took advantage of
the fact that the Colonel was a prisoner
in gaol, while I was a free British soldier, or it may be tbat I found the sen
try-go deadly dull and tiring. Anyhow,
ono day, when the Colonel was passing
'BUSINESS MEN'S SPECIAL''   THAT  TOURED THE WEST
as myself, and spoke tbe same language
—uot that I am Irish, mind you. I am
Scotch, and proud of it.
To do them justice, some of the Fenians struggled desperately to carry out
thir mad plot; but what could barges
full of men do on a swiftly-running
river and ngainst trained, cool soldiers
on the land who bad everything in their
favor and. knew that victory waB certain, although the cost might be a few
killed and wounded f
It was a confused, unreal sort of
battle—a merciless pounding from Fort
Pigeon and a hopeless nnd wild confusion and dispersing of the barges. I
think that muny a gunner, as he trained
bis weapon, must have been merciful
at heart aud seen that the shot went
wide purposely, becauso every barge
could so easily have beon sunk and
every man killed or drowned. But, you
see, the great object was to 'drive and
scatter and disperse the misguided creatures, and not to massacre them. There
were few, I think, amongst us, just at
tbat time, who were not surfeited with
the horrors of war, and who wore not
anxious to save rather than to destroy.
But murder, as some people might consider the work of our guns and rifles,
or not, Btill the raiders were guilty of
high treason, and we could not, and did
not, stop until our pounding was done
and the Fenians were either flying or
drowned or killed, or prisoners in our
hands. When the fight was over, the
shore was dotted with dead or wounded
Fenians, and the flotilla of barges was
scattered and accounted for. I did not
see any of the raiders drowned, although
I wbb very near the river, but I was too
busy in other quarters to notice much or
to give any help, even if it had been
wanted.
As soon as the fight was over, I was
told off to gunrd tho prisoners, of whom
we had a great mnny. A strange, wild,
excited lot they looked, too, and none
more striking thnn the head of them,
Colonel Lynch. Ho wore a green uniform, and was very pale—well he might
be, for be had a melancholy prospect
before him. As a matter of fact, he and
another ruling spirit, the Rev. John McMahon, were found guilty of high treason nnd sentenced to donth; but both
were reprieved.
Tbe mnrch to Fort Pigeon and thc
fighting there had been bad enough; but
tbe task  that followed was infinitely
with his usual bundle of old boots, I
said:   "How do yon like it, Johnf"
The Colonel never answered. He
gave mo just one look and walked off
with bis boots, while I got into serious
trouble with tho warder for addressing
a prisoner, becauso, of course, we were
strictly forbidden to speak to the raiders. They were generally employed in
tbe yard, cutting up wood with a two-
handed saw, an arrangement which wns
more comfortable for us than if the prisoners had axes and hammers and other
weapons with which they might have
made a sudden attack upon us. But
with tbe warder's rifles and four or Ave
armed sentries around, the Fenians were
quiet enough, nlthough once or twice
tbey pretended to rise in revolt in thu
Iirison; but that wus only to torment us
>y having the guard turned out.
The time came when the raiders were
released and wounded recovered. You
would have thougut that, after the lesson they had learnt In '00, tbo Fenians
would nave hesitated to try again to
swoop on Canada and steal the country;
but some poople never get wisdom, und
the Fenians wure remarkably lacking in
that quality. They planned their seeond
raid for the Queen's Birthday in 1870—
May 24th—and some thousands of them
managed to make their way to the frontier, meaning to cross and liberate Irishmen and Ireland, as they put it; though
what they meant I don't quite know;
nnd I nm sure some of the raiders themselves did not. They had taken their
firearms to pieces and smuggled them
through in boxes and in other ways, to
escape suspicion. They showed extraordinary ingenuity in getting their
weapons through; but, of course, the
country is vast and it was easier in
those days to do things of that sort
than it is now, and infinitely easier than
it would have been in any European
country.
The thing was planned so openly that
there was no real secret about it, yet
people never seemed to believe that a
second raid would be attempted. They
could not credit the folly of the agitators undertaking such a scheme after
the farcical fiasco of only four years.
earlier; but, for all that, the raiders
assembled, some of them biding in the
woods and congregating in other lonely
places until the signal for the swoop
should be given. This time plenty of
monoy was available, and the Fenians
bad uniforms and about forty rounds of
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ammunition each for tbeir rifles. A good
many Froneh soldiers' cups bud been
got together, nnd most of the Fenians
wore these, which reminded mo o.f
French soldiers I- had seen in the
Crimea,
It is strange that in time of danger
so mnny people are fiiHeinated by the
chanee of confronting it. There were
many who, although they knew that
shots were eertain to be tired, aud that
there was a possiblity of serious trouble,
gathered together for the purpose of
witnessing what they called the fun;
but there were others, and plenty of
tbem, who got away as fast as they
could, nnd I saw nil sorts of strange vehicles hurrying off as quickly us they
eould travel, while folk who eould not
raise wheels made the best uso of their
legs. They flew iu all directions; but
most of them, I think, favored American
territory, just over the frontier, feeling
safer under tho Stars and Stripes, for
the time being, than under the Uniou
.lack. Tbey were secure enough with
Cousin Jonathan, I know, for the American Oovernment bad shown in '(Ki that
it would stand no nonsense from mischief-mongers. They were about tired
of war and all its horrors, I think.
For tbe second time I limited upon
tbe Fenians advancing to the conquest
of Canada, but on this occasion I felt
little pity for them. I knew they worn
running their necks into trouble, and 1
thought they deserved all they wero
likely to get. The old school of British
soldier didn't eare to be humbugged.
When he was called out he expected to
got something for his pains, nnd thnt
was the feeling of the handful of Regulars who, with the Canadian Volunteers,
repelled the second Fenian raid.
The Fenians rushed from American to
BritlBh territory on tbe morning of May
25th, and you might have fancied, from
the frenzied cheers they gave and the
gallant fashion in which they advanced,
that they were going to wipe us out and
Bcore a swift and easy victory. Tbey
bad formed a sort of advance guard,
and before they started, one of their
ffenerals bad appealed to them to act
ike true soldiers and to stand their
ground. They had sworn to obey him,
and, bv way of showing their enthusiasm, had uttered the ringing cheers
wbicb I hnd heard as they rushed to the
assault.
It is easy enough tn cheer, especially
under the influence of excitement aiul
drink, and when tbe enthusiasts are wild
Irishmen; but it is different, indeed,
wben the cheers nro followed by rifle
cracks which menu death or maiming.
Tbe Fenian's rifles rattled. So did
ours, There was a lull in tho cheering
nnd a sudden halt in the advance, far a
general and a number of rank und file
had been wounded and two of the raiders had been shot dead. It needs a
veteran to hold his ground and keep his
courage up when he sees a comrade thud
to the earth, and knows that he will
nover again answer the roll-call—and
there were not many veterans left
amongst tbo raiders. Tbere were a number of wild, hnrem-scarem young fellows with nothing to lose and a good
deal to gain, who, perhaps, had never
looked on death in any shape or form-
certainly not on the field of battle.
The sight of death for the first time
is generally rather a shock, and, as I
hnve said, the Fenians had no discipline
to steady them.
The advance had beon checked almost
as suddenly oh it had been started; then,
so swiftly that even the oldest soldier
was amazed, it was seen that the raiders
had had enough, and that they wero retreating. It was clear that the swoop
on Canada was a failure, nnd tbat, for
tbe present, the Dominion would remain
a part of the British Empire.
The rout wns complete, nnd I watched
the Fenians fly a good deal faster than
they had come. A good many of them
dispersed, scurrying off into the country
nnd, I daresay, getting back as quickly
and stealthily as possible to their homes
and work; but some wero made prisoners, though thoy were not, T think, very
severely punished.
The second raid wns as miserable a
failure as the first, and one of the most
pitiful features of it wus tho burial nt
night of a young fellow Who was saitl tn
be a first-rate workman and tho chief
support of bis mother, who was a widow
I fancy tbnt, like a good many more, he
.-joined the movement owing to a craving
for adventure and excitement. He was
dealt witb just as, in the old days nf
military service, a disgraced soldier was
treated. Tho buttons were cut- from his
uniform mul his accoutrements were
stripped off; then, when darkness was
settling over the sombre landscape, he
was buried, face downward, in a shallow
grave on some rising ground not far
from tho main rond along which ho had
marched in the Mny morning, cheering
wildly and expecting victory.
We wero thoroughly glad when tho
whole business was nt an end for good
and nil. There is not much credit to be
gained hy trained soldiers from defeating a badly armed, badly-disciplined,
and badly-led rabble; hut the discomforts nf* campaigning uro identical
whether the fighting is hard, or whether
thc whole affair is a mere military promenade.
All the same, the Fenians wero n very
real danger. It is easy enough for professional fighting men to despise an armed mob, but tho armed mob is apt to
provo very dangerous to a peaceful
population, and I have no doubt it
would have gone hard with tbe inhabitants of Cnnada had there been no military force in the country to save tbem
from the kind friends who were so anxious to "liberate" them.
So I have uo doubt that the inhabitants were exteremly pleased that wo
were there to save them from their
"friends."
GREAT BELLS AND NO BELLS
IN China bells have been mado of
enormous weight. Nankin was an
OJently famous for the largeness of
its bells. ' At Peking there were seven
bells cast iu the reign nf Zouln, each
weighing one hundred and twenty thousand pounds. The sound of the largest
Chinese bell was very poor, owing to
its being struck with a piece nf wood
instead of a metnl clapper. A bell given
to the cathedral nf Moscow hy the {'/.ht
Gndunnf weighed 288,000 pounds, and
another given by the BmproiB Ami,
probably the largest iu tbe known
worbl, weighed 482,000 pounds. The
great bell at St. Paul's weighs between
11,000 and 12,000 pounds, and is ten
feet in diameter. On this bell is inscribed "Richard Phelps mado me,
1710"; and Peter Cunningham, in his
"Hand-book for London," tells us that
it'"is never used except for striking
of the hour, nnd for tolling at the
deaths and funerals of any of the royal
family, tbe bishops of London, and,
should ho die in his mayoralty, tho Lord
Mayor.'' Wo believe, however, that it
tolled at tho funeral of Lord Nelson,
and at the deaths and funerals of the
Duke of Wellington and Dean Milmuu.
"Tho Inrger part of tho metal of which
it is made,'' the same authority informs
ub, "formed the celebrated 'Oroat Tom
of Westminster,' once in tho clock-
tower, Palace Yard, Westminster."
Although the famous "Big Ben" of
Westminster is not so large, its vibratory power is greater than thnt- of any
other bell in the kingdom. Tho Great
Tom of Lincoln, cast in 1835, weighs
12,000 pounds; the Great Tom nt Ox
ford, 17,000 pounds. The great bell
cast in 1S4.'» for York Minster, thc
heaviest in the United Kingdom, weighs
upward of 12 tons, or about 27,000
pounds. This last, though so much
heavier, is smaller thnn 8L Paul's.
Thc same spirit which caused people
to build immense monasteries, nnd decorate  churches,  induced  tbem  to  vie
with ench other in the size of tlieir
bells. The number of bells in every
church gave rise tn the singular uud
curious architecture often found in the
campanile, or bell-tower. It wus a constant npeudngO of every pirrish-churcli
belonging to the Saxons, and is distinctly mentioned us such iu the laws
of Atheist an.
The custom of welcoming distinguished visitors, hy a joyful peal is derived
from very ancient days, when abbots,
emperors, kings, und bishops used to be
thus greeted.
The different uses of bells hnvo given
rise to mnny poems, some of which are
inscribed iu tue bells themselves. Perhaps the finest is Schiller's "Die
Gtocke," In which ho describes the casting of the licit and its uses.
The old inscriptions ou bells aro in
some cases of historical value. Certain
bells still remain ing in London have
historical notes—that, for instance, at
the top of the bell tower iu the Tower,
wliich was tolled ut tho execution of
Lady dune Grey, Anne Boleyn, and
other state prisoners; aud sounded
alarms of fires and nther calamities.
According tn Ilazlitt, the largo kind
of bells now used iu churches wns invented by Paulas, Bishop of Nolii, in
Campania—whence the Cnmpann of the
lower Latinity—some time in the fourth
century. Twd hundred years later they
seem to have been iu general use in all
the churches. Beforo this timo monks
were summoned from their cells nt the
hours of devotion by rapping on their
doors with a hammer. This hammer
was commonly designated as tho "night
signal," or the "wakening mallet." ln
mnny of the old Knglish colleges, the so-
called "Bible clerk" still raps on the
door of every student with a heavy key
beforo sounding tho more modern summons by means of the chapel bell. In
the Jewish church the trumpet takes
the place of the bell. The Turks do not
permit the use of tbem at all. The
Greek Church, under Turkish domination, still follows tho ancient custom of
using wooden boards, or iron plates full
of holes, which they knock with a mallet fo call the people to worship.
It was in the beginning of tbe fourteenth century tbat we find bells used
in lieu uf clucks, and the hours nf tbo
day and night were divided and notified
by this process. A decree of tbe Venetian Oounoll of Ten, dated 1810, ordered
"that no person whatsoever shall be
suffered, without special license, to walk
abroad after the third bell of the
night."
TIIK country grocer  was  issuing in
Btruetlons tn his new assistant.
"It's  only   by   looking  closely
after the trifles,'*' said  the proprietor,
"that a profit can be made in these days
nf sharp competition."
"Yessir," came from the boy.
"For example," continued the grocer,
"Whon you pick flies out of the sugar,
don *t throw them away.   Dust tho sugar
off their feet and put   'em among the
currants."
r DODD'S
KIDNEY
Wt   PILLS
r?    H~. -rlvlsV     - THB ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C
THE     IS^.TWDBR
Published   every   Saturday   nt   Cumberland,   H.C:,
SATURIHV,  fUNE l   mi2
Suli-mpti'ii [iiitv 31.Mi per yeur, [my l-i>' in ndvanc*
i   riiiHH   nnl        lum- If  Wppjisilile fur  view.- expressed hy
imrrexpn ilrnts I
What the Editor has to say.
I.\ onr lust issue we mnde n tew remarks nbout tbe bad
langiiHge usi'd oil our streets, aud especially on our main thoroughfare, and that the police commissioners should intercede
and put n stop to it. We have the assurance from at least one
itf them that the matter will be attended to. It is no mark of
a gentleman to swear. No particular endowments are requisite
to give a finish to the art of cursing. Any man has talents
enough to learn to curse God and imprecate perdition on them
selves and their fellow men. Profane swearing never did any
man any good, No man is the richer, or wiser, or happier, for
it. It helps no one's education or manners. It commends no
one to any society; is disgusting to the refined; abominable to
the good, and insulting to those with whom we associate.
One truth is the seed of other truths; it is sown to bear
fruit. But the Truth that appeared in Cumberland in the shape
of a weekly printed sheet some few weeks ago failed to bear
anything but abuse. And its editor did his best to see that
The Islander got its share. The truth whicli is the truth
lives on forever, but the Truth as it appeared in Cumberland
ceases to exist.
We would call the attention of the licensing board to the
fact that it is a common everyday occurrence to see intoxicated
men coming out of one barroom aud going into another and
being supplied with all the liquor they require, contrary to law.
Another suggestion for the board would be to recommend the
oouncil to pass a by-law for the earlier closing of hotel bars.
The present liquor b\ -luu should be amended so that the hour
for closing all places licensed to sell intoxicating Houor should
be ten o'clock and not later.
Thk decision of the Privy Council made public this week
i-i of vital importance to wage earners throughout British Columbia. Pending the settlement of the appeal to the Privy
Council some $80,(J00 has been held up iu awards. For the
first time since the act went into operation ten years ago, the
point was raised by council that families resident elsew:here
than in British Columbia could not claim compensation under
the act. The lower courts upheld the point raised, thus depriving the widow of a man who loses his lite in this province
from gaining compensation jusl because he is not able to bring
his family with him. The mining population of this province
generally are comparatively new arrivals who have left their
families in the ohl country until tliey are able to send for them,
aud to them the result of the judgment was most serious. The
fact that claims for 180,000 payable to relatives outside the
province could accumulate in a yeai or so since'the original
judgment fully demonstrates the seriousness of the question,
not to mention the numerous cases that have been fettled as
they arose. A fund of some !?!),000 was raised among various
labor organisation's to carry the appeal to Privy Council, and
the result of their decision has justified the expenditure hy
effectually disposing of a legal quibble.—Merritt Herald.
ISLMMfi HDIIEfiTISIHB BATES
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per month,
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 won), 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cents.
No accounts run for  'lis class of advcriising
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL.- $10,000,000
REST.-  $8,000,000
FARMERS'  BUSINESS
Th« Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
BANKING   BY  MAIL
Account* may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce io be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn In tbis way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit te th* Bank. *m
CUMBERLAND BRANCH.      W. T. WHITE, Manager.
Iee!   Ice!  Ie<
The Pilsener Brewing Co. ape preparec
to supply the Public with ICE.
Orders to be delivered the same day
must be in NOT LATER THAN 10 A.M.
Pilsenei9 Brewing Co..    Cumberland. Bj
BUY A 'SINGER,9
The Latest and most Up-to-date Sewing
Machine on the market to-dny. Sold on
Easy Terms which places it within the
reach of all,
JepSOn  BrOS., District Agents
Nanaimo, B. C.
\V. Ji. JDiian, Local Jlcprcsentativo
READ THE BIG AD. ON
THE NEXT PAGE.
The Island Realty Co.
I Fire. Life, Live Stock
Accident..
„„      P. L. ANDERTON.
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. 0.
Fawcett's
STOYBS
A.NH
Ape the Best, and Fully Guaranteed.
A full line of Furniture, HousefurnishingsJ
Linoleums, Wa'lpapers alway son hand]
••»
»♦
The Furniture Store
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland,
The 'STAR' Cafe
*
RieHHRDS * JACK. Proprietors.
MEALS SERVED AT
ALL ALL HOURS
When you want a good ohoice meal cooked to
the King's taste give us a call     .     .
DUNSMUIR AVE.,
CUMBERLAND
$». $. pL pea&neJ
ilectf: §$tate
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
FOB SALE
CLEARED FARMS, BUSH LAND
AND LOTS
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
H. H. M. Beadnell
.im
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
"LONG WILLIE"
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
f__ Billiard Room in connection
.
GENERAL BLACKSMITHS
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
eOURTENAY
House Furnishing
Store
Tents,   Stoves,   Ranges
Camping Outfits.
B. F. KRAUSE, Prop.
in
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers In all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
*"""*"-~ir ir ~inirwm.li,
Phone 55
SINGER Sewing machines always in stock.
A FINE LINE OF NEW
MA TERIA LS JUST RE-
:   :   CE1VED   .-   .•    .•
P. DUNNE
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
DUNSMUIR AVENUE t
TIIE ISLANDER, CIMBEKLAND, B.C.
Why Newfoundland Stags Out
of Confederation
Dy P. 7. NicGrath (from Canadian Collier's).
i. meat of a. now national status by
tlio creation of box own navy, tt
may not seom amiss to sot out for tho
Canadian people tho reasons why Newfoundland stays out of tho Confederation) und tho arguments which are advanced, on the oilier hand, by tho advocates of union us showing why she
should outer it. Tho recent marked
Improvement i» the eolony's economic
conditions invests this matter with a
spoeial significance at the present juncture, bocaUSO Newfoundland i.s now
entering upon a new era ia her colonial
existence destined to bo fraught with
momentous results and probably to
make Uio prospect of union with Canada
less likely than ever before.
Newfoundland, as is well known, is
the oldest colony of (lie empire. Inclusive of its territory in l-lnstorn Labrador, estimated at 180*000 square
miles, or almost as much as Unit of Canada's threo Maritime Provinces together, and though it hus only 360,000
people as against a million in these
provinces, its population has increased
llfty per cent, iu forty yoars us against
au increase of but fifteen por cent, in
these provinces in tho sumo period.
According to tho last coubub, it lu-
aroused 0.47 per ceut. in tho decade,
whereas Nova Scotia increased but U
por cent, and New Brunswick only ',\
por cont., whilo Prince Kdward Island
actually decreased - per coat., aud Canada as a whole Increased only 10.14 per
cent., all hcr immonso assisted immigration Included, whereas Newfoundland
lias ao immigration whatever. During
the teu yoars uow ending, Newfoundland's revenue, imports, and exports
have doubled; the savings of her people
have trebled; and bor increase in material wealth during that period cun fairly
challenge comparison with auy of Can-
uda's older provinces, wliile she is now
on the threshold of new developments
wblch promise to enormously enhance
hor material prosperity. Her lisliery
products at present represent four-fifths
of hor exports and make hor the great
est Ashing country in the world, but the
recent successful manufacture of pulp
and paper iu the island by tho Harms
worths, of London, presages an industry
that iu a very few years will dispute
with the 0 sho Ho 8 for her industrial supremacy, whilo tho mineral woulth of
the Island is being exploited at present
on u large scale, la both these directions Labrador is likewise becoming an
Important factor, so that the outside
world inuy bo said to be only dimly
realizing at present what vast possibilities t'or material advancement Newfoundland undoubtedly possesses. It iH
therefore md surprising tbat she should
lie au object of interest to her neighbors
aud that the question of Confederation
should always be moro or loss in o\'i-
den co.
Not for forty yours, however, has it
boon actually bofore tho people ot* tho
colony in tho form of a definite positive
proposition from any of its legislators,
though there has never boen a political
contest in the island in which it has
md figured. In L809 the quostiuu was
submitted to tho jieople at a general
election, which resulted in completely
overthrowing the advocates of tho measure, onlv eight being returned. The
late Mr. Charles Bonuott was at the
heud of tho Anti-Confederates. Possessed of great energy and of widespread inllueuce, lie went into tho contest well prepared and supplied with
the munitions of war. On the Confederation sido stood Sir P, Carter, the
leader of the Government; Sir William
Whiteaway, Sir A. Shea, ami with them
members of the party supposed to bo
strong iu the confidence of tho olectors.
So strong did they feel themselves that
thev neglected precautious to counteract' a well-prepared programme of attack, which was ornamented with ter-
rifving pictuics of children used as gun-
wads bv Canadian filibusters; of the
bleaching bones of Newfoundlanders
compelled to tight the battle of their
toasters aud left to rot on ovory Canadian shore; of high taxes on all tho
necessaries of life, and (in all the ell'ects
•il tin- householder, including each pane
of glass iu his humble dwelling. The
electors were told, in a country whoro
coal is uuworkod, that no wood or
(ireWOOd eould be cut or procured without a lieonso, costing in the eyosi of the
people fabulous prices, aud so lar did
thi- aspect of the  panic extend lhal
numbers of households cut down and
stored away supplies of firewood to last
litem ten years. The cemeteries wore to
be lucked, only to bo oponcd by pay
ment   ol
lunl.   fo
t..   the
idiun
Hgonf bv each applieant for permission
to bury the dead,,and men wore dressed
iu soldiers' clotllOl and sent In scout
nround remote lishing hamlets, tho poo
pl0 being then told that they were members of Canadian press gangs seat to
Heizu and carrv nway tbo able bodied
males  to tight   in  the  Canadian army.
So universal wns the panic provoked
by all these extraordinary methods of
pSlHlcnl warfare that the people roso
fn their might and swept the Confederates out of political existence for the
time being. In some places Coiifoderute
candidates were md allowed to land
from the littlo vessels in which they
wero visiting the coastal villages comprising their « stilueucies.     In other
cases, whoro thov had effected landings
and tho fact became known, tbey were
forced to floo from tho infuriated populace and in not n few instances thoy
woro actually lired upon by somo irato
olectors, who believed in summary
methods of dealing with politicians who
would "sell the country."
In the original conference at Quebec,
wliich framed tho act of union that
made Cannda a whole, Newfoundland
was represented by Messrs. Carter and
Shen; and in 1807, when the nucleus of
Canada, as wo know it, was formed,
those politicians advocated Newfoundland's becoming a party of tho same
arrangement. Tho eclipse they suffered, however, in I860 was but temporary,
for ut tho next election a religions
issuo ensued, and tho Bonuett Ministry,
which Imd carried the country by a
narrow majority, was defeated in the
Legislature by tho defection of some of
its own supporters, and tho Carter and
Shea administration won a signnl triumph in nnother appeal to thn country
a vear later, thoso leaders having mean-
Ul.il, - .ea lln • ul r.-dinl ■.':■'••- '
that tliey would not revive the subjuct
of union with Canada.
In subsequent elections pro-union candidates woro singled out for criticism,
but not till ISSti did Sir Charles Tupper,
during u visit to the colony, re-open the
question, and the Thorburn Goverumom
thou in oflice, took it up, sending delegates to Canada to nogotiate terms, but
such au outburst of popular hostility
was aroused that thoy woro called bnck
by telegraph from Halifax nud tho plan
was abandoned. In 1805, following
upon tho disastrous "bank crash,''
which for a timo threatened the solvent
existence of tho colony uud seemed to
leave it no alternative but Confederation or Crown Colony, tho Whiteaway
Ministry sought union, uud Messrs.
Bond, Morris, Norwood, uud Kniorson
woro appointed as delegates, but tho
terms otl'ered by Canada, not beiug
satisfactory, would uot be entertained,
and tho colony mado other etVorts to
secure herself, and succeeded in currying oul hor fiscal rehabilitation, ln the
last four general elections—in I lllld,
HUM, and in tho double struggle of
November, 1000, Occasioned by tbe
liond-Morris deadlock of eighteen seats
each iu November—Confederal ion played a lurge part, notubly tho latter of
those struggles.
11 was not officially before lh.1 colony,
but the Bonditos claimed that tiio Mor-
risites were really confederate in senti-
mm! and supported by Canadian monev
iu a plot to bring aboul uniou if thoy
won. Public fooling was greatly mllum
od as a result of this, but the Mnrrisites
countered most effectively by producing
a series of letters written to Canadian
publio mon by u Canadian who was held
to bo an emissary of Sir Kobert Bond's,
and ihe publication of thoso documents
at a decisive moment, just before polling, provoked a series of dramatic manifestations of public feeling ami contributed not a little to the striking overthrow of  the  bond  party.
The advantages to Canada of acquiring Newfoundland may be briolly stated. The island lies athwart the Gulf
of St. Lawrence. It ami the Labrador
coast comprise a moiety of tho Hritisb
American Atlantic coast lino. Canada's
trado skirts its shores uud passes under
its surveillance. Were a foreign power
to own the colony tho situation would
be Intolerable for Cauada. Under the
present semi ■independence, grave dillicult ies have arisen and may arise again,
and, in addition to possible dangers,
there are immediate disabilities. The
farmer of the prairies ami tho cattle
shipper of Ontario alike are interested
in the safety of the St. Lawrence route.
The road from Montreal to the son
should bo lighted like a street, but ovor
seven or eight hundred miles of coast
lino the Dominion has no jurisdiction.
lly virtue of its position the entrunce of
Newfoundland iuto Confederation is of
the lirst importance to Cuiiudn. Tho accession of Newfoundland to the Dominion would give the now uud larger Can
ada control of the'groat Atlantic ilsh
cries.
The sit uut ion in some respects is
simple. T-> catch cod a particular
species id' buir is essential. Tho coasi
of Newfoundland supplies this bait iu
abuildn '; the Nova Scotia coast has a
limited supply; United Stales lishing
vessels bavo uo hnme supply of bait
whatever. Consequently Amoricnn lishing schooners must get nil aud Camt
dian vessels must gel part of their bait
from tho Newfoundlanders. American
fishermen stay in the business by sufferance of Cauada aud)NoWfoundlund,
and bv playing Ihe one ngainst the
other." Were Newfoundland part of
Canada, bor fishermen ami those of
Nova Scotia would have common inter
osts, and tho Aiuericnii fisliiug concerns
would be nt tho mercy of lho Dominion
Government. Al present un oppressive
tariff keeps British fishermen out of the
Amurlcnu market, although the Gloucester fishormon are uol able to catch
fish enough to supply lhe demand, and
drive a thriving trade in buying lisli
from the llritish fishermen and selling
them us iheir own catch. If Cannda
controlled the bait supply, the American tariff on codfish would come down
with a rush, or (iloucostor would cense
I.) send lishing schooners to the Hunks.
The Nova Scotiuii and the Newfoundland fishermen alike would prolH by th1
union.
Tin- addition to the Canadian home
market   need   not   l.e   despised   by   her
manufactures and farmers. The fan -s
would have tree access io, ami in some
cases control of, lho Newfoundland mar-
kid, for Hour, mo-it, doi-y products, fruit
and similar articles, The manufacturers would supply lh'* Isloud with sugar,
molasses, woolen and COttOII goods,
boots and shoes, ami numerous olher articles wliich thoy now can sell in Newfoundland  only'by surmounting a  high
tariff wall.
It would bonoflt tho Newfoumli lors
in thut thev would gel lhe noeOBsnrlos
of lifo more cheaply; il would benefit
Canada's iiianufactiyorB because they
would add lo thoir homo market »n
area already possessing a considerable
population, promising to support a
larger population, and unable to supply
ull its own wants ia regard to agricultural products or mnuufactured articles,
Tho Newfoundland Confederate
argues thut union with Canada would
give the colony all tho advantages that
the alliance of a weak stato with a
strong one always assures to lho former.
Ho maintains that the colony would participate in lho wonderful commercial
advantages Canada is enjoying af present. Tie asserts that. Canada would apply to the colony her liberal expenditures for lighthouses, fisheries, and marine services, establishing fish hatcheries
and othorwiso improving our fisheries,
nil of these services being carried out
on a scale utterly impossible by Now
foundlund with her limited population
and resources. Tho general public
works, ho contends, would be adminis
torod on a scale hopeless of approach
bv the Colonial Exchequer, and lho colony would also have tho advantage of
the exploration of tbo interior by tin
Dom ion Ceologieal Bureau to determine more fully its mineral capabilities.
Confederation 'would enable the colony
to secure, free of duty, all tho $4,000,-
000 worth of products sho now Imports
annually  from   (fhnada,  whilo  on  the
$2,1)00,000 worth thut she imports from
Britniu there would bo a reduction of
!>" 1-3 per cent, by reason of the British pt.frre.ao, lie allows that in Can
a la tl i working mi i nbta.us his im
l>..iu:d goou.1 ..i a bom httlr me rato tlio
Newfoundlander pays, and that by the
abolition of duties on t'oodstuXs, to.,
tiles, lout hor tii.i! its wares, m.-nus a. I
Imrdw iii -.   i n; ..it ui v,   woo i w.i 11.-,  u. i
ada thoro would bo a saving to the people of this colouy amounting to $1,125,-
OUO a year, or $5 per head of the population. Lastly, he argues that Confederation is bound to como, sooner or
later, nnd that the colony can securo
better terms when on tho flood tide of
prosperity than wheu, as in 1895, she
had to Beck for uuiou in the face of
decided reverses, and therefore he advocates the question being submitted
to tho country at present and favorably
determined.
The Tcrranovan Anti-Confederate,
ou thc other hand, maintains that a
colony as remote as Newfoundland
would be comparatively ignored in pub
lie expenditures, and points to the agitation of prlnco Kdwurd Island for
some botter means of winter communication, tho promise mado in this respect
whon sho entered the Fodoraey having
been ignored for Hourly forty yoars.
llo also instances lho failure to provide
tho Maritime Provinces with anything
liko satisfactory steamship eomiuunicu
tion in summer, oven tho aban luntuonl
of Sydney as a port of call for the
transatlantic liners, after tin experiment
which wns tried for but one season.
llo contends, further, that our principle Bhould bo to buy in the cheapest
market and sell in tho dearest, as wc do
uow, which wo could no longer do if
united wilh Camilla, for tho Canadian
torlff would apply, llo further doubts
the wisdom of our transferring lo tlm
Cabinet nf Ottawa, iu which Newfound-
land would have at most but one rop.ro
seiitntive, the absolute control of all
our fisheries, extending over (including
Labrador) nearly 10,000 miles of seaboard, and thus giving that Cabinet the
power to deal with theso valuable fisheries as party expediency might at sumo
time dictate and without reference to
Newfoundland's. primary interests in
the matter. I'or instance, ho fears thnt
Canadians may make our coast their
fishing base uud compete wilh us in our
foreign markets, or thut the Ottawa
Cabinet, undor prossuro from olhor Provinces, may remodel our fishery laws to
our del r boon t or barter onr -q dend id
bait resources to the Vntericans for concessions from Uncle Sam to Ontario and
longer. The colony has built a trans-
insular system of (135 mites, nnd is now
enterprising extensions which will incroaso it to nearly 1,000 miles, and yet
her prosperity is such that tho present
year sees tho largest surplus revenue
iu her history. Th oNcwfoundlund working man now enjoys a freo breakfast
table himself, for all tho necessaries
of life and tho implements of industry
usod by tho fisher, the farmer, and tho
miner aro freo from duty. In respect of
material prosperity, Newfoundland considers herself iu quite as favorablo a
position as Canada. I a the past ten
years her surpluses of revenues huvo
averaged $120,000 annually, although
sho has reduced taxation $200,000 a your
on the one hand and increased the outlays for various public services by about
$01111,000 a year on the other hand, while
of the $1,200,000 in surpluses sho has
put aside $000,000 as a cash reserve
against the* proverbial rainy day, and
used the remainder in augmenting the
grants for roads, bridges, lighlhouses,
ami similar public undertakings so essential for a country whoro nlinost tho
en I ire population is dispersed uround
0,000 miles of seaboard in nearly 1,500
sellleiuents, great and small.
IS PRIZE FIGHTING KNOCKED
OUT?
IN ono way i am glad that dim lost
this fight; it will turn him back
into paths he should huvo kept to,
I hough it will break his heart," said
the Rev, Alexis C, Jeffries when told of
liis son's defeat at Reno, and many
seem to think it may alsq turn the
whole couutry back into lho paths it
should have kept to, and end the disgrace of p '/.o lighting horo despite
breaking hearts and bron king purses,
Mrs. Jeffries '' rushed from I ho room
with hor handkerchief to her eyes,"
whon sho hoard her son had lost, says
a special message to lho St, Louis Post-
Dispatch, and the father said quietly:
"I suppose it is the Lord's will, lot us
bo bravo in heart,'' And a special
dispatch to tho New York Tribune ro-
portti him as saying: "Hoys, tho hand
of Cod is very plain iu this, Jim had
forgotten him, but now I hopo my sou
will como back," thus showing that if
the ox-champion could not come buck
iu one wny, another is open to bim. lu
Chicago another scene of parental regnrd was being enacted, Mrs. "Tiny"
Johnson sat ou the stage of a theatro
filled with cheering membors of bor
race, elated with u mother's pride, "lie
saiil he'd bring homo the bacon, and the
"Compared with tho wanton brutal-
ity with which men of African blood
woro hounded through the streets of
many American cities and villages on
Monday night by white thugs, tho prizefight iu which a white man was beaten
by u negro was exalted ia its refinement.   .   .   .
"The whito scoundrels who formed
themselves into gangs for the purpose
of boating and torturing, in somo cases
slaying, whatever black they could
corner, pleaded the necessity of vindicating the superiority of their race as
thoir motive. Thoy have, iu fact, pine-
od upon their race au execrable blot."
A negro paper, tho Baltimore Times,
draws the following admirable lesson
from tho fight:
"Whilo Johnson was becoming
world's champion ho pursued a course
which would have mado lum the chum
jiion barber, blacksmith, carpenter,
waiter, or farmer of his community.
Any negro anywhere may roach eminence iu peaceful ways In' using th"
Johnson method iu his particular trade
or calling."
MMiKwhilo thf Cl ristinn Kudeuvnr
Societ,-, with branches in overy town of
tin- United Stntes :.nd in many foreign
countries, has set on foot a movement
ti prohibit fhe moving picture repro-
dnciinns of the prize ;ight--n movement
vhich, in the opii.n.n of '!i.> Huston
Transcript, "cnu be justified on
grounds id' expediency if not of ethics, " Already police authorities in
many Southern .cities had put their ban
on tho tight pictures lest Ihey should
cause further outbreaks of race prejudice and violence. The District of
Columbia has taken this course, and
dispatches mention the Governors of
Illinois, Virginia, Indiana, Maryland,
Maine, Louisiana, Montana, and South
Dakota as among the Executives who
have either announced their Intention
fo forbid fhe exhibition of tho fight pictures, or have declared themselves in
sympathy with tins prohibitory movement. The Mayors of many cities,
among which may bo montioned Milwaukee, Cincinnati, Boston, Los Angeles, San FranoisOQj Atlanta, and Now
Orleans havo similarly expressed themselves. The movement, wo arc told, is
oven making itself felt in England,
Australia, Now Zealand, and India, the
Calcutta papers suggesting that tho
United States authorities destroy the
films and compensate the owners. Those
owners aro a syndicate, tho head of
which  is reported as saying:
"We are confident that tho efforts to
prevent tho exhibition woll not stand iu
the courts.
jjwhfsswjBi
Scenes at tho Lake of the Woods, Whoro Winnipeg People Spend
Holiday!
ih-'
ho West. The Terrunnvnu
ipposes Confederation becuus.
lor none of ihe restrictions \
idtnn  fishery laws create am
conduct of his industry known in tu
olher t-ouutry; being Immune Frot|
faxes, fees, or similar imposts, while In
can also directly Iniluonco the Legisln:!
I uro through his representatives, who
are familiar wiih his requirements, Tho
gonoral arguments nlrondy sol oul as to
the fisheries aro always advanced bv
him, and lie especially dreads Lho institution of direct taxation or of statute
labor on the roads.
lu Newfoundland the only taxation
is lhat iu the duties on Imports, The
amount thus raised pays all lhe oblign
tions of the stnte, provides schools, asy
Itinis,   hospitals,   ami   charities;   covers
the whole of tl jitlny for th" upkeep
of fhe Govornmont, uud moots lho dis-
bursoniout for public works of every
form. There is no direct taxation what
ever, there is no statute labor, as in
Nova Scot in, uud il has been verv aptly
said that " Newfoundland iv llie besl
country iu the world for the poor mnu."
Among other factors which opeinle
against Confederation is the fooling of
the Irish clement ia lhe population -
ono-third of the wholo—In favor of
home rule, and against what is known
among thom as "soiling the country";
ami tlio similar fooling among the gron!
mass of the Knglish clement against
sacrificing any of their independence; u
fooling easily umlcrslnnduhlo when one
considers that thoy nro lho dosceudauts
of the sou-rovers of the Elizabethan uge.
Such Is tho present situation in Newfoundland in regard to union with Canada, .lust whut proportion of thu poople
would favor it if lho question ever
came to vote, it is impossible to say,
but tho general impression is that it
would bo u email one, though if is admitted that with the spread of education, the increasing intercourse botwoen
our people ami those of the Dominion,
the antipathy to Canada is diminishing,
There are, however, prejudices to bo
overcome, misunderstandings to bo removed, and ill-feelings to be dissipated,
bofore the subject can bo approached Oli
its merits, and even Ihen it is doubtful
if tho majority of the peoplo would
soc in the most roseate presentation of
the pro-unionist views any reason to
chnnge their condition, Tn bygone
years some of the inducements ollVrod
to Newfoundland to unite with Canada
were: (1) that Canada would build a
railway for us; (2) thut under Canada
the masses would have a free breakfast tariff) (It) that ns part of the Dominion wo would enjoy u greatly enhanced prosperity.
Today nono of tho reasons exisl any
honey boy has done il." she cried, the
tours streaming down her face, and
later sho stood on the balcouv of the
home her sou gave lit, and' lod tho
crowd id' rich voiced blacks iu singing;
"There'll be a llol Time in 1 lu- Old
Town   J o night."
The dispatches in tho press of the
llOXt day showed that lliere had boon
:i   "Iio!   tinto  '   iu   many   towns   dhere
outcome of the light had infuriated
the opposing races lo a murderous
pitch. The immediate aftermath of
lhis much-advertised prize-fight, in
which a negro successfully defended his
title to the heavy weight, championship
f the world against the retired wliite
hamplon who tried in vain lo "como
back," was a disgraceful oul break of
race riots iu almosl every section of the
country.    The secondary resull  promises
bo'some   interesting   litigation   be-
'en the syndicate which I (rols the
moving pictures of the fight ami the
various Slate and municipal authorities
which have put a ban upon their exhibition. Newspaper cuniniout - which is
abundant enough lo give point to Col
one) Walteison's glbo about the light
bi iug "promoted by the press id' flic
country"—concerns i I self chiefly with
these two phases of the incident, and
Wltll  the  prediction  thnl   Iho   If. f
fair will probably bo the lust big public
prize light   in this country.
The announcement of Johnson's vie
torv, dispatches tell ns, was evcrvwhere
the' signal for brutal dashes between
negroes and whiles, in which the latter
were nlm OS I always the aggressors. Reports from Texus, Georgia, Arkansas,
Illinois, New York, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Missouri, Maryland,
Wost Virginia, Colorado, Delaware,
Ohio, Kontucky, and the District of
Columbia made a tally of eighteen dead
ami hundreds injured. The Paterson
Call blames the newspapers nnd Jeffries is quotod as having said: "I am
going into tbis fight for the sole purpose of proving that a wliite man is
bettor than a negro." "Is it nny wonder," asks the Call, "that, tho negro
having won lhe battle, tho colored people should become exuberant nver lhe
'result?" "Kenl race pride," says tho
Memphis Commercial Appeal, "would
have prevent ol Jeffries from malting
the match," while the Macon Telegraph
reminds us that "lho highest type of
meu aro known by tliolr brain power,
and not, by their ability to pound
with thoir "fists." "Tho complete seriousness with which tho gentlemen of
the spoil fraternity have spoken of the
light as hinging Hie supremacy of tho
while race is a contribution to essential
humor not to be lightly prized," remarked the Kansas City Stnr, whilo the
Koehester Hem oc rat and Chronicle
says:
"Wc spent upward of $200,000 to get
perfect pictures of thnt light. Wo had
special lenses made for tho occasion
and twelvo mnchinoB nt tho ringside,
so that not n motion of the fighters
would bo lost. After all that expense
and troublo we do not moan to yield
to the opponents of tho exhibition with
out a fight.*'
Tex Rlckard, the promoter of the
light, who owns n one-sixth interest in
tin- moving-picture films, professes to
regard the movement ngainst their exhibition as "tho best sort of advertising."
No less au authority than John L.
Sullivan savs cd' the fight at iteno: "It
will probably be the last big fight in
this country." And wo find papers ranging all the way from Now Vork to
Seattle which share this conviction.
Says the Toledo Blade of July :".:
"Prize-fighting received the most
stnggering blow of a contury yesterday.
When Ihe knockout comes, as it may
come shortly, tho beginning of the last
round will be fixed in the records us ut
lulv -I. 1010."
GIKLS WHO ELOPE WITH GIRLS
rnilE story of iho beautiful daughter
1 of a leading Kroneh politician,
who became so infatuated with a
schoolfellow thai she ran away with
her, and, as hor professed husband, supported her for some mouths by her
earnings as a male wiiei- in a Paris
cafe, [a the Infest of a long list of similar : I range romances.
It is not many years since there died
iu [irlttany au old fisherman who for
more than half a century had successfully masquorndod us a nmn, until death
rovealed the secret of sex. As a girl
of olghtOOU, Marie Ambort, daughter of
a provincial school master, had eoucotv
ed a strong passion for Juliette Civray,
Ihe preily daughter of a fisherman,
whom, as her parents objected to the
Intimacy, she persuaded to dope wiih
her.
They Went to Hi it tan v. where. OS
Jules Her nay and his wife, Ihey WOU
golden opinions as au amiable and hard
working couple Jules prospered so
well t hill within a tew \ ears he was
owner of several boats, and hud u substantial sum to his credit in the Hank
of France. When, afler muny years of
happy life together, Mine. Ileruay died,
Jules consoled himself bv leading a successor to lho altar, and'to hor iu turn
he proved a model husband. Thus for
fifty years bo flourished, so successfully
concealing his sex that, when at last
it wus rovealed, not one of all who had
known him so long would believe that
"I'ere llernay" was actually a woman
and not a man.
Kvon more remarkable is the Btory of
Nicolas do Itnyiau. Secretary to tho
Russian Consulate, Chicago, who died a
short, time ago, afler making three pil
grimages to the nltnr. Nicolas's romantic career began with an elopement
with the charming (laughtor of a French
barrister, tho first of Ihreo wives, not
ono of whom, curiously enough, seems
to have had tiny suspicion of her husband's BOX, which onlv became known
BftOI   death.
"1 am convinced," says an intimate
friend of Nicolas's third wife, "that
Mrs. do Knylau never know thut bor
husband wns a woman. Sho loved him
pnBsiotintely, and was exceedingly
jealous, Nicolas de Uayhm was preily,
weighing only about 100 lb., and hi:
fvei and hands woro small. Do Ray
lau's bedroom wns like a lady's boudoir
willi all tliOSQ accessories to tho toilet
table dear to tho feminine hourt. His
underclothing was of a dainty material,
generally in pale blue am! pink colors.
Hut his habits were deplorable. Ho wont
the whole gamut of dissipation with u
vengeance, and as I now think, to give
color to the deception he practiuod oa
his wifo."
A moro romantic lady-husband was
Marguerite Bios, known to fame as
"Lucia, Queeu of the Brigands," tho
instigator of a numbor of crimes perpetrated a few years ago by a bund of
robbers iu the south aud west of Prance.
As ,i child Luclu gained a reputation
for reckless courage which unrr/ed and
shocked the entire listriet iu whieh sue
lived. When only ten yours old she
rodo a horse which no one else dared approach, and slopl ovory night in tlu
siabb-, with her head on its hoofs. At
seventeen this daring uud huudsomo
Amazon assumed man's clothes, und us
a dashing highwayman, the terror of
the countryside, made lovo to und ran
away with tuo daughter of a wealthy
landowner, lo whom, it is said, shu was
a devoted "husband."
One day last yoar a gentleman of
Porto San Giorgio, who was spending a
few days at Anennn, made tho startling discovery lhat his host's good-look
ing coachman was uom- other thnn tho
daughter of a friend, wdio was supposed
to have been drowned some months ear
lier, but wkosq .body had never boon
found. The young ludy, it was discovered, had offered hor services as coachman to M. Sorvadeo of Ancona, and in
lhis character had wooed and married
M. Sorvadeo's pretty houscmiiid.
A similar romantic story was revealed at Wostmiiisler a your or so ago,
when it was discovered that a "littlo
old man," who gave his nnmo ub
Charles Wilson, was really a woman
of tho name of Catherine Ooombes. At
tlio age of fifteen she hud become the
wifo of one I'ercival CoombeB; nnd
many yoars later she had graduated as
a husband, and had enjoyed fourtoen
yours of wedded life iu Huddorsfiold.
For something llko fifty years Gather
Ino had been working as a painter and
decorator, at the docks, iu a printing
olllce, and ou board ship; nud during
tiie whole of this time not a noul hnd
suspected that "Charlie Wilson" wufc
not a mnn.
Nor, among many similar romances,
must wo forget that of .loan Ricke-
bourg, who died ouly a fow months ago.
Joan, who was tho daughter of a Purm
professor, began her romantic career by
eloping with a schoolgirl from Roaoii.
As a man she joined tho army, won
rapid promotion by bravery in the
Franco-Prussian War, became tho husband of two more wives in later years,
and died in tho odor of sanctity, followed to bor gravo by hor heart-broken
widow and a cortege half a mile long.
MOVING A CAPITAL BY MOTOE
CAB
TDK State of Oklahoma is in tar-
moil ovor a contest to remove ita
capital from Guthrie to Oklahoma
City. Tbo change in distance would
be about twenty-five miles. Cover nor
C. X. Haskell, opposed to Guthrie and
in favor of Oklahoma City, tho latter
being supported by him on the stump
in the removal campaign, caused the
great seal of the Slate lo be carried at
night from the office of tlio Soemtnry
of Stato to Oklahoma ("ity, where in
advance of the official returns of the
election he established himself nnd declared Oklahomn City to be tho per-
ninnqnt capital of the State.. Guthrie
obtained a temporary Injunction in a
State district court forbidding tho Governor and other elective State officers
from removing State reeords from
Guthrie and from transacting official
business outside the seat of government. Governor Haskell throntoned
with arrest and imprisonment tho officer that served upon him the miuidatn
of tho Stale court, (inthrie mndo application in the Federal court for a
restraining order, and whon lho court's
officer appeared bofore Governor Has
kell, the latter refused to accept twr-
vlco and th ron to noil to kick the officer
downstairs. Later, Governor Haskell
changed his mind and accepted service. ■
When   the   Congress   of   lhe   United
states granted Bttttelt I to Oklahoma,
the enabling ael provided that tho
Slulr capitol should be (Inthrie until
1018, am] thercaflcr until changed at
an election authorised by the State legislature. Under the Inintlvo laws of
Oklahoma, a bill was initiated by Oklahoma City in which were-two proposals: Plrst, shall the permanent capital be located.'   S I, where shall it
be located? Without their consent and
ngainst Iheir Wlshos, tho cities of
Cut hi ie and Shawnee were named in
the bill bv Oklahoma Citv as its rival
candidates Culhrie and Shawnee tlv
dared that tlic location of lho capital
lawfully could not bo changed prior to
1013, boenmo of ihe foci that the Con-
stitutl f Oklahoma, bv ordldat  ir
revocable, had nccoptod tbo enabling
act, and entered Into h com pool with
the Fodoinl Hovernnient. Hot Ii cities
appealed to tho votors to oppose removal,     in   tu   campaign   Oklahoma
City, through iis public speakers, newspapers, and its Chamber of Commerce
assured th.- people thill no change
would take placo before 1018. but if at
the election Oklahoma City should win,
tho intervening venrs would be used ii.
tbe erection of' the enpito] building,
that it might be ready for occupancy in
1018, This promise led many votors opposed to disregarding the compact with
the Federal (lovernment, which Cover-
nor Haskell said was not, binding, to
vote for removal and for Oklahoma
Citv. The electa was held Juno 11.
On the night of that day the groat seal
of the State was carried lo Oklahoma
city in au automobile by Govornor
Haskell's private secretary, and on
.Monday, .1 une HI, Governor Haskell
declared the scat of government to bo
at Oklahoma Cily. llis insistence was
thnt the initiated bill was so framed
that the capital was located automati
cully Ihe moment it became known that
the removal proposals had carried.
Cutlirio has undertaken to carry the
controversy to tho l'uited State's Sn-
prome   Court.
Whllo this present battlo seems picturesque to tho tamer blood of tbo
Kasl, whore State capitals are rooted
affairs with a stationary history of
half a contury or so, yet it must be admitted that the rivalry is subdued ami
gentlemanly emu pa rod with tho old-
time county*80ftt fights of twenty years
ago, when gunplay reinforced personal
opinion,
47 11       •   Mil    (TMHKKI.AND, B.C
■i*re^?3KaB^^
WHY
INVEST YOUR MONEY AWAY FROM HOME
In lots that you have never seen, when*
IN   YOUR   HOME   DISTRICT.
Those who were wise and put their money into the Orchard
Subdivision, at Courtenay, have made from ONE to TWO
HUNDRED PER CENT, profit.
THOSE WHO ARE WISE AND GET IN ON THE
GROUND FLOOR IN
I
[Coneenia property.]
Which is situated opposite the proposed station, will make even larger profits.
Ground is &SVE&, DRY and CLEARED.
Prices from $200 to $350 per lot
One-quarter Sash. Balance: Easy Terms. NO INTEREST.
APPLY
ISLAND REALTY CO.,
FISCAL AGENTS, P. L. ANDERTON, Manager.
COURTENAY, B.C.
[OR ANY RELIABLE REAL ESTATE AGENT IN COMOX DISTRICT.]
\s^^__^emewmemmw_m^emamimi^_mem_^SBmBBimmm/mi»i/^^BB^^^BBa^nm^^ij^ f  ,
THB ttUKDEk
m^^^^^^—
(JUMBEHUNt). fir.
■ ■■«■■■ i.   |i    ■ .,
/
P.
: .!--..fe.#tM
Port Mann
Port Mann, mainland terminus of
the Canadian Northern Railway, is regarded by those who know, as the
greatest eity of opportunity in North
America to-day. It cannot help becoming one of the very biggest cities in the
West,—property values cannot help
going away up.
Buy lots there now and you are in on the ground floor.
Every lot will mnke you a small fortune. ,
Until prines are raised we can offer you close in lots, 33x
122 foet, (guaranteed high, dry and level, or you money back)
for §250, Terms: $15 down, $10 a month, no interest, and no
taxes until 11)14.
Other guaranteed lots for $120—$5 a month. Booklet
and full particulars at this office, from Mr. CHARLES
HERAPER, General Agent, or from
Colonial Investment Coy,
"The Port Mann People,"
837 Hastings St., W VANCOUVER, B.C.
Ice Cream Sodas
Milk Shakes
Sundaes
Candies of all descriptions—The
Very BEST.
Fruits of all kinds—Best quality
grown.
Tobaccos of all strengths.
ClGARS—The best variety of the
choicest flavors.
N. HIRANO
Fashionable Tailor
I
Ladies' and Gents' Tailor-
made Suits. Cleaning
and Pressing Done at
Reasonable Rates.
Phone 52
CUMBEBLAND
G. M* &ST0N
f
SILVER NOVELTIES
At Bert Aston s
The "JEWEL BOX.'
1
ttsa Spift
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, . .
Dunsmuir Ave   :::   Cumberland
ii
Practical
ainter
Decorator, Paperh anger
and
Kalsomininjj.
AU Work Promptly
...Attended to;..
Residence, Penrith Avenue
Cumberland,
I
I
THE NEDIEWND HOTEL
JAMES WALTERS,
PROPRIETOR
THE POOREST OF WINES, LIQUOR k BEER
ALSO THE BEST OF CIGARS.
DUNSMUIR XVENUE
CUMBERLAND, B. C.
Have Your
Cleaning Pressing and  repairing done at
NICK'S PLACE
Plain Sewing;.
Fancy Dressmaking
gjpFIREIf FIRE!!
l!*B^K for absolute proteo-
^Q tion write a Policy in
W the LONDON ANr
(%   LANCASHIRE PIRE
INSURANCE    COMPANY   of
Liverpool, England.
TLA Xj -Q. WW ~\mj
Livery
and
s
taaam torn   MM)
TOTAL ASSETS, 126.788.93
WESLEY WILLARD,
Looal Agent
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
he in this office not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday.
Hn. Simon will glre leaiotu an tho
plino at her home in Jerusalem, formerly
owiwd by Mr. Jamn Stewart, at any
time by Hppuintniant, eioept Tueadaya.
THE BEST of
HORSES and
FIRST-CLASS
BUGGIES
FOR HIRE.
JAS. CAIRNS & SON, Props.
COURTENAY, B. C.
IK
s
The
Star
Third St & Penrith Avenue
A. MAXWELL
Proprietor
AU kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
livery and team work promptly
attended to
Subscribe
For The
Islander
THE
CUMBERLAND
= HOTEL =
W. MERRIFIELD, Prop.
Tlte finest hotel in the eity.
E. W. BICKLE
Notary Public Conveyancer
Real Estate and Insurance, Fire,
Life, Accident, Plate Glass,
and Automobile.
HOUSES iOR SALE
Accounts Collected
See BICKLE for all kinds of Insurance.
Cement Blocks, Concrete
Chimney Blocks a Speci
alty. Samples can been
at McKean & Biscoe store,
Courtenay.
For Estimates  and  particulars
write
J. Lawrence,
COMOX, B.C.
5 and 10 ACHE BLOCK'
nf good lend, nm-tly iiMit, lew tljitli
uiHi-lwilf mill' liuni ii' «• mine, Nu. X.
3100 un iiimh; nnn-third cult, 6 mnl
12 months,    Aji|.ly
F. R. F. BISCOE
Agent, olliee noxt Roynl Hunk,
COU&TENAY, B, C
a menu
(Late Mennie &JPotter)
Horse-Shoeing arid
General Blacksmith
Wheel-wriifht, Repair Shop and
Rubber Tire Setting.
THIRD ST.   Cumberland
B.C. Garaee
For Auto and
Gas Engine Supplies
Distriot Agent for the
Russet, E M.F. 30        Flanders 20
and i.vicLaug'hlin-Buick automobiles
Fairbanks-Morse  Stationary  and,   Murine    Engines,
Oliver Typewriters, Moore's Lights, and Cleveland,
Brantford, Massey-Hariis and Perfect bicycles
EMDE . DENTON
CUMBERLAND, B.C.
OARS FOR HIRE
NIGHT and DAY
Phone 18
Hung Chong & Co.,
Branch Store from CHARLIE SING CHONG Co.
GROCERIES.     DRY GOODS,    SILKWEAR
Hardware ofall kinds.
Boots and Shoes, at Lowest Prices
HUNG CHONG & Co.
No.  7 MINE
5-ACRE TRACTS
1 1=2 Miles From Cumberland
MO. ft440 and 1550 each.
There are only ten good lots and
easi!y c.i.a. ~d. Easy Payments
SHEPHERD,
The Real Estate Man,
AT CUMBERLAND, B.C.
THE CLUB CAFE
COURTENAY, B.C., Next to Opera House
CAMERON & McKENZIE, Props.
White Cookinj
And White Help Only
Everything First Class
The Right PUca for i M Square or A DAINTY LUNCH
ISLANDER ads. Pay
W THE ISLANDER, CUMBEfiLAND, B.C.
LIGHTNING
(Uy ZANE GREY)
REWARD: $500 will lie paid for the
death of Lightning, leader of the
Sevier   range   of   wild   horsey."
"Utah Cattle Company.1'
This notice, with a letter, cowing by
^tage  and  messenger  tn  the  Stewarts,
jrightened what, liad  been a dull pros-
peet.   Seldom did a whole year's work.
capturing   anil   corralling   mustangs   in
tho  canons and  on   the  plateaus,  pay
tliem hall' as mueh as the reward offered for this ono stalliou.   Tho last son-
Hon  had  been  a  failure  altogether.    A
string nf  pintos  and   mustangs,  representing months id' hazardous toil, had
climbed out of their canon corral and
escapee] to (heir old haunts.    So on thc
strength of this opportunity the brothers
packed and rodo out of Prodonlo acr
tho Arizona lino into t'tuh.
Two   days   took   them   bevoiid   and
above tho Fink Cliffs to the White Sage
plateau, and there the country became
new tu thom,    Trom time to time a solitary shoephorder, encountered with his
.locks on a sage slope, set them in tho
right direction, and on the seventh day
thev reached Bain, the most southerly
of the outposts of t heidg t'fah ranches.
It consisted of a water hole, a corral, a
log-cabin, and some range riders.
Generally   mustang   wranglers,   mon
who lived by catching mustangs, wero
held  in contempt   by "the  rangers and
cowboys of that ironbimud desert country.   For mustangs were harder to catch
than deer, and when captured and broken brought only a lew dollars per head.
Thc Stewarts, however, though tliey had
uever earned any money to speak of,
wore famous all over the two states.
Stories of their wonderful pursuits, of
their lleet mustangs and trailing hounds
had   become   camp-fire   gossip   ou  the
ranges, so their advent at Bain aroused
interest.
Lee and Cuth Stewart were tall, lean
Mormons, as bronzed as desert Navajos,
cool, silent, gray-eyed, still-faced. Hot If
wore crude homespun garments much
the worse for wear; boots that long before had given the best in them, laced
leather wristbands thin and shiny from
contact with lassoes; and old gray
Hlouch hats that would have disgraced
cowboys. But this threadbare effect
did not apply to the rest of the outfit,
which showed n care that must have
been ia proportion to its hard use. And
the five beautiful mustangs. Bess iu par
ticular, proved that the Stewarts were
Indians at the end of every day, for
they certainly had camped wliere there
were grass and water. The pack of
hounds shared interest with the mustangs, aad the leader, a great yellow,
sombre eyed hound, Dash by name,
could have made friends with everybody had he felt iuclined.
4'We calculated, boys," held forth
the foreman, "thet if anybody could
round up Lightnin' an' his bunch it'd
be you. Every ranger between here an1
Marysvnle has tried an' failed. Light
nin' is a rare cute stalliou. He has
more than hoss sense. It's the opinion
of a good many of us fellers thet he
wasn't born wild, an' thet he come into
this country somewhere from Nevada.
Fer two years now no one has beeu in
rifle shot of him, fer the word has long
since gone out to kill him.
"It's funny to think how many rangers have tried to corral him, trap him,
or run him down. lie's been a heap of
trouble to all the ranchers. He goes
right iuto a bunch of bosses, lights aa'
kills the stallions, an' heads off what
he wants of thc rest. His band is scat
tered all over, an' no man can count
'em, but he's got at least five hundred
bosses off the ranges. An, he's got to
bo killed or there won't be a safe gruz
in' spot left in Sevier County."
"How're we to know this boss's trail
wben we do cross it?" asked Lee Stew
art.
"You can't miss it. His right foreleg hes a notch that bites in cleau every
step he takes, One of my rangers came
in yesterday an' reported fresh sign of
Lightnin' at Cedar Springs, sixteea
mileB nortli along the red ridge there.
An' he's goin' straight fer his hidiu"
tdace. Whenever he's been hard chased
ie hits it back up tliere an' lays low
fer a while.   It's rough country, though
I reckon it won't be to you canon fel
lers.''
"How about water?"
"Good chances fer water beyond Ce
dar, I reckon, though I don't know any
springs.   It's rare an' seldom any of us
ever work up as far as Cedar.   A scaly
countrv up thet way—black sage, an'
thet's'all."
The Stewarts reached Cedar Springs
that afternoon.    It was a hot place
few   cedars,   struggling   fur   existence,
lifted dead twisted branches to the suu;
a scant growth of grass greened tho fow
shady spots, and a thin stream of water
ran between glistening borders of alkali.   A drove of mustangs had visited
the spring si nee dawn aiul had obliterated all tracks made before.
While Cuth made camp Leo changed
his saddle to another mustang and rode
up the ridge.    His idea was to get a
look at the country.   The climb was not
particularly steep, but it wus long ami
took time, as he had to pick his way
and zigzag the bare, stony slopes.    At
last he reached the top and caught a
bfeath  of cool wind.    From wliere he
stood the ridge wound northward, growing rougher and higher.    Other ridges
rolled to meet it from tho left; to tho
right shelved off the desert, gray, patched, dim.   Far northward a long, black
plateau leveled thc horizon, and at each
end a snow-capped peak shone coldly in
the sun. Leo regretted that this vantage point was not higher, hut he fixed
in his mind as best he could thc lay of
the land and returned to camp.
"We're jest on the edge of wild-hoss
country," he announced to Cuth. "Thet
stallion probnbly had a picked bunch
an' was drivin' them higher up. It's
gettin' hot these days an' the browse
is withcrin'. I seen old deer sign on the
ridge, an' cougar, an* coyote sign trail-
in' after. They're nil makin' fer higher up. I reckon we'll find 'em all on
Sevier plateau."
"Did you see the plateau?" asked
Cuth.
"Plain, Nenr a hundred miles away
yet. .lest a long flat ridge black with
timber. Then there's the two snow
peaks, Terrill an' Hilgard, pokin' up
their cold noses, T reckon the plateau
rises off these  ridges,  an'  the Sevier  comes, an' thet 'if give ub time to fix up
River nn' the mountains aro on the
other side. So we'll push on t'er the plateau. Wo might come up with Lightnin'
and his bunch."
All the next day they rode up tho
hard-pueked trail winding along the
base of the ridge. It was a long, gradual ascent, with the ridge ever growing
rockier and more rugged and the desert
slipping below. Cedar trees flourished
toward the close of the day's march and
then merged their yellow-green with the
fresh green of the pinons. Sunset
was time for camp and found them halting at a little water holo among a patch
of cedars and boulders.
Cuth slipped the packs and Lee measured out the oats,, Oa a hard trail the
brothers always packed grain for their
mounts. The faet that the mustangs
when eating grain were also eating the
profits of the trip never entered iuto
the Stewarts' calculations. The horses
first, then the hounds, and then themselves—that was the way of the "mustang wranglers." Having ministered
to the wants of their dumb I'rieuds, Loe
uud (.'uth sot about getting supper i'or
themselves.
Cuth hud the flour and water mixed
to a nicety and Leo had the Dutch oven
ou some red-hot coals when, moved by
a common instinct, they stopped work
uud looked up.
The five mustangs were not munching
their oats; their heads were Up. Bess,
the keenest of the quintet, moved restlessly and then took a few steps toward
the opening in thc cedars.
"Bess!" called Lee, sternly. Thc
inure stopped.
"She's got a scent," whispered Cuth,
reaching for his rifle. ".Mebbe it's a
cougar."
"Mebbe, but I never knowed Bess
to go lookin' up one . . Hist! Look
at Dash."
Tbe yellow hound had risen from
among his pack and stood warily shifting his nose. He sniffed the wind, turned round and round, and slowly stiffened
with his head pointing up the ridge.
The other houuds caught something, at
least the manner of their leader, and became restless.
"Down, Dash, down," said Lee, aud
then with a smile to Cuth, "Did vou
hear it?"
"Hear what?'
"Listen!"
The warm breeze came down in puffs
from the ridge; it rustled the cedars
and blew fragrant whiffs of smoke into
the hunters' faces, and presently it bore
a call, a low, prolonged call. Cuth rose
noiselessly to his feet and stood still.
So horses, hounds, aud men waited listening. Thc sound broke thc silence
again, much clearer, a keen, sharp
whistle. Tho third time it rang down
from the summit of tho ridge, splitting
the air, strong, trenchant,, the shrill,
fiery call of a challenging stallioa. Bess
reared an instant straight up uad came
down quivering.
"Look!" whispered Lee, tensely
On the summit of the bare ridge stood
a noble horse clearly silhouetted against
the purple and gold of sunset sky. He
was an iron-grav, and he stood wild and
proud, with long silver-white mane wav
iug in tho wind.
"Lightnin*!" exclaimed Cuth.
He stood tliere one moment, long enough to make a picture for the wild
horse hunters that would never be for
gotten; then he moved back along the
ridge and disappeared. Other horses,
blacks and buys, showed above the sage
for a moment, and they, too, passed out
of sight.
"I couldn't nover shoot thet stallion," whispered Lee,
"No more could I," replied Cuth,
"Now, what do you make of thet whis
Iin'?"
"Jest grazip' along easy like. The
wind suro favors us. He came to the
hilltop au' jest snorted down, liko a
stalliou will, to let anything us might
be there know he could lick it. Thet
whistle of his was jest plain fight. But,
Lord! Wasn't he a beauty? I never
scon sueh a hoss, never, an' never any
as could eome neur him.'
"He sure was pretty. An', Lee, to
my way of tliinkiu' he jost might hev
winded our mustangs, Bess, anyhow.
You know how we've hed proof of
scents' between hosscs as passed all our
understandiu'. Bess might need watch
in'."
Lee shook his head gravely. "Mebbe,
lt was kinder strange. But if we can't
trust Bess, we can't never trust a hoss
again. 1 reckon we'd better lay low tonight. Keep thc hounds an' bosses in
an' get an early start fer the next
water hole. Thet bunch'II drink tumor
rer or next day if they ain't seared."
Before daylight the brothers were up
aud at dawn tiled out of the cedar
grove. The trained horses scarcely rattled a stone, and the hounds trotted
ahead unmindful of foxes aud rabbits
brushed out of thc sage.
The morning passed and the afternoon waned, Greeii willows began to
skirt the banks of a sandy wash and
the mustangs sniffed as if they smelled
water. 1'resently the Stewarts entered
a rocky corner refreshingly bright and
greeii with grass, trees, and flowers and
pleasant with the murmur of bees and
fall of water. A heavily flowing spring
gushed from under a cliff, dashed down
over stones to form a pool, aad ran out
to seep away and lose itself iu the
Bandy wash. Flocks of blackbirds chattered around the pool and rabbits darted everywhere. •
"It'd take a hull lot of ehasiu' to
drive a mustang from comin' regular to
thet spring," commented Cuth.
"Shure, it's a likely place, an' wo
can mnke a corral here in short order."
They hobbled tlieir mustangs and then
set to work on the corral. The plan
was to drop cedar trees around the pool
and leave an oponing at tho most favorablo point, which was a wide-beaten
trail. By nightfall they had the pool
inclosed, except on the upper Bide where
thc Water tumbled over a jumble of
rocks, a place no horso could climb out,
and on the lower side where they left
the opening for tho gate. Tho gate was
the important part and now presented a
problem.
Wo enn't do no moro tonight," snid
Loe, "an' we'll hov' to take chanceB on
tho stallion comia' down to drink. Meb
ho it'll bo a eouplo of days before he
a gate an' strengthen the weak places
iu the fence."
All that night Lee and Cuth lay un
der the shadow of the corral, waiting
aud watching. The next morning they
climbed the ridgo aud brought dowu
three long piue poles. ThoBe they fashioned iuto a gate, and as it was fouad
impossible to swiug such a pooderous
affair they concluded to let it lie flat
beforo the opening, to be raised quickly
after the wild mustaugs had gone in to
drink. In the afternoon tho hunters
slept with only Dash ou guard; at nightfall they wero ready and waiting for
their quarry.
What little breeze there was favored
their position, and the night promised
to be clear and starlit. In tho early
hours a prowling coyoto howled loue-
somely and deer came down to drink,
Later, soft-footed animals slipped with
padlike tread ovor tho stones to the
spring. At midnight tho breeze failed
and a dead stillness set in. It wns not
broken until tho nfterpart of the night,
and then, suddenly, by the shrill, piercing neigh of a mustang. Tho Stowarts
raised themselves sharply and lookod ut
each other iu tho starlight.
"Did you hear thet?" asked Lee.
"I jest did.   Sounded liko Bess."
"It was Bess, darn her black hide.
She never did thet before,"
"Mebbe she's winded Lightnin'."
"Mebbe. Bnt she ain't hobbled, an'
if she'd whistle like thet fer him she's
liable to make off after him. Now,
what to do?"
"It's too late. I warned you before.
We can't spoil wbatf may be a chance to
got the stallion. Let Bess alone.
Mirny's the time she's had a chance to
make off an ' didn't do it.   Let's wait,"
"Reckon it's all we can do now. If
sho called thet stallion, it proves one
thing—we can't never break a wild
mare perfectly. The wild spirit may
sleep in her blond, mebbe fer years, but
some time it'll answer to  '
"Shot up—listen!" interrupted Cuth.
In the slrained moments following
there was no sound, and no movement
till Dash put his nose high and turned
slowly in a circle. His significant action meant to the hunters that he had
passed the uneasy stage prior to the certainty of a scent and was now buttled
only by the direction.
"There! " whispered Lee.
From fnr up on the ridge name down
the faint rattling of stoues.
"Mustangs — an' they're comin'
down," replied Cuth.
Long experience had brought tho
brothers patience, but moments such as
these, waiting in the shadow, had never
come to be tranquil.    Presently sharp
stalliou, and the long trail began. At
noon tho hunters saw him heading his
blacks across a risiag plain, the first
Btop of the mighty plateau stretchiug to
the northward. As tbey climbed grass
and water became more frequent along
the trail. For the most part Lee kept
oa thc tracks of tho mustang leader
without the aid of the houud; Dash was
used iu tho grass and on the scaly ridges
where the trail was hard to find. V
Tho succeeding mornjng Cuth spied
Lightning watching them from a high
point. Another day found them on top
of tho plateau, among the hugo brown
pine trees and patches of snow and
clumps of nspea. It took two days to
cross the plateau—sixty miles. Lightning did not go dowu, but doubled on
his trail. Rimming a plateau was familiar work for tho hunters, and twice they
came within sight of the lender and his
band. Once a bunch of mustangs trooped out of a hollow and went over tho
wall, down oil tho back trail. The stalliou was not among them, and Dash did
not split but kept straight on into the
timber.
"He's broke up Ids baud—cut out
some," commented Lee.
'' Wait til! ho takes to weathered
stone, then we'll see." replied Cuth.
Lightning crossed the plateau again
and struck down into the valley, The
trail was a long steep slope of weathered stone, and the pursuers zigzagged it
with the ease of long practice in the
canon country. Many times tho great
stallion could be seeu looking baek,
Evidently this steady pursuit puzzled
him. After these surveys he always
plunged away in a cloud of dust. He
crossed the Sevier valley to the river
and turned bnck. The river was raging
from thaws iu the mountains. Then he
struck up tho valley.
Another day put his pursuers high up
among the slides of snow and silver
spruces, and another across a divido
into a rugged couutry of bad lands
whero barrens began to show and high
mesas lifted flat heads covered with
patches of sage nnd gray-green cedars.
So it went on day by day, but Lightning
turned back no more. He had marked
a straight course, though every mile of
it grew wilder. Sometimes for hours
tho hunters had him in sight, and always beside him was the little black
they knew to be Bess.
There came a day when Lightning cut
out all of his band except Bess, and
they wont on alone. They made a spurt
and lost the trailers from sight for two
days. Then Bess dropped a shoe aud
the pursuers came up. As she grew
lamer and lamer, the stallion showed his
mettle,   ile did not quit her, but seern-
Momorial Service at the Amphitheatre, Winnipeg, Friday, May 20th.
clicks preceded the rattles, and when
these sounds grew together and becamo
louder the hearts of the hunters began
to quiokeu. The sounds merged into
regular rhythmic tramp. It came down
the ridge, softened iu thc sandy wash
below the spring, opened up again with
a steady click and thump, and came
straight for the corral.
"I see 'em!" whispered Cuth.
Leo answered by a pressure of his
hand. It was an anxious moment, for
the mustangs hnd to pass hunters and
hounds beforo entering the gate. A
black bobbing line wound out of thc
cedars. Then the starlight showed tho
line to bo tho mustangs marching in
single file. They passed with drooping
heads, hurrying a little toward the last,
and unsuspiciously entered the corral
gate.
"Twenty odd," whispered Lee, "but
all blacks an' bays. Tho leader wasn't
in thet bunch.   Mebbe it wasn't his—"
Among the cedars rose the peculiar
halting thump of hobbled horses trying
to cover ground, ami following that
snorts and crashings of brush and the
pound of plunging hoofs. Then out of
the cedars moved two shadows, the flrst
a great gray horse with snowy mane,
the second a small, graceful, shiny blaek
mustang. Lightning and Boss! The
stalliou, iu the fulfillment of a conquest
such ns had made him famous ou the
wild ranges, was magnificent in action
and mien. Wheeling about her, whinnying, cavorting, he arched his splendid
neck and pushed his head against her.
His importunity was that of a master.
Suddenly Bess snorted and whirled
down tho trail. Lightning whistled one
short blast of anger or terror and thundered after the black. Boss was true
to her desert blood at the last. They
vanished in the gray shadow of the cedars, as a stream of frightened mustangs poured out of the corral ia a clattering roar.
Gradually the dust settled. Cuth
looked at Lee and Leo looked at Cuth.
For a while neither spoke. Cuth generously forebore saying, "J. told you so."
The failure of their plan was only an
incident of horse wrangling and in no
wise discomfitted them. But Lee wuh
angry at his favorite.
"You was right, Cuth," he said.
"Thet mare played ub at the finish.
Kctched when she was a yearling, broke
the best of any mustang wo ever had,
trained with us fer five years, an' helped down many a stallion—an' she runs
off wild with thet big white-maned
brute!"
"Well, they mnke a team an' they'll
stick," replied Cuth. "An' so'll wo
stick, if wo hnvo to chase them to the
Great Salt Basin."
Noxt morning when tho sun tipped
fcho ridge rosy red Lee put the big yel-1
low hound on tho notched track of the I
cd to grow more cunning as pursuit closed in ou them, choosing the open places
where he could see far aud browsing
along, covering rods where formerly he
hud covered miles.
One day the trail disappeared on
stony ground, and there Dash came in
for his share. Behind them the Stewarts climbed a very high round-topped
mesa, buttressed and rimmed by cracked cliffs, lt was almost insurmountable.
They reached the summit by a narrow
watercourse, to find a wild and lonesome level inclosed by crags and gray
walls. Thore were cedars and fine thin
grass growing on the plateau.
"Corralled!" said Lee, laconically, ah
his keen eye swept the surroundings.
"He's never beon here before, an'
there's no way (df this mesa except by
the back trail, whicli we'll close."
After fencing thc abUt in the wall tho
brothers separated and rode around the
rint of tho mesa, Lightning had reached
tho cud of his trail; he was caught in a
trap. Lee saw him flying like a gleam
through the cedars, nnd suddenly came
upon Bess limping painfully along. He
galloped ap, roped hcr, and led hcr, a
tired and crippled mustang, back to thu
place selected for camp,
"Played out, eh?" said Cuth, as he
smoothed the dusty neck. "Wai, Bess,
you eau rest up nn' help us ketch the
stallion. There's good grazin' here, an'
we can go down for water."
For tlieir operations the hunters chose
tho highest pnrt of the mesa, a level
cedar forest, Opposite a rampart of tho
cliff wall they eut a curved line of
cedars, dropping them closo together to
form a dense, impassable fence. This
inclosed a good space freo from treos.
From the narrowest point, some twenty
yards wide, they cut another line of cedars running diagonally back a mile iuto tlut centre of the mesa. Whnt with
this labor nnd going down every day to
take the mustangs to water nearly a
week elapsed. But time was of no moment to the Stowarts. Every day Bess
was getting better, and Lightning more
restive. They henrd him crashing
through the cedars, and saw him standing iu open spots, with his silver mano
flying and his head turned over his
shoulder watching, always watching.
"It'd bo somethin' to find out how
long thet stallion could go without
wateria'," commented Lee, "But wo'11
mako his tongue hang out tomorrerl
An' jest for spite we'll break him with
Black Bess."
Daylight came cool mid misty; the
veilB unrolled in tho valleys, the purple
curtains of the mountains* lifted to the
snow peaks and became clouds; and
then the red sun burned out of the east.
"If he runs this way," said Lee, ap
he mounted Black Bcbh, "drive him
back. Don't let him in the eorral till
he's tired.
The mesa sloped slightly eastward
aud the clear cedar forest soou gave
place to sage and juniper. At the ex-
treine eastern puiut of the mesa Loe
jumped Lightning out of a clump of
bushes. A raeo ensued for half the
length of the sage flat, then the stallion
made into the cedars and disappeared,
Lee slowed dowu, trotting up tbe easy
slope, and cat across somewhat to the
right. Not long afterwards he heard
Cuth yelling and saw Lightning tearing
through tho scrub. Lee went ou to the
point whero ho had left Cuth and wait
ed.
Soon tho pound of hoofs thudded
through the forest, coming nenror and
nearer. Lightning appeared straight
ahead, running easily. At sight of Lee
and the black mare he saortod viciously
aud, veering to tho loft, took,to the
open. Lee wntched him with sheer admiration. Ho' had a beautiful stride
and ran seemingly without effort. Then
Cuth galloped up and reined iu a spent
and foaming mustang.
"Thet stallion can run some," was
his tribute.
"Ho shure can. Change bosses now
an' bo ready to fall iu lino when 1
chase him back."
With that Lee coursed away and soon
crossed the trail of Lightning nud followed it. at a sharp trot, threading iu
and out of the aisles and glades of the
forest. He passed through to the rim
nnd circled half the mesa before he saw
the stalliou again. Lightning stood on
a ridge looking backward. When the
hunter yelled, the stalliou leaped as if
he hail beeu shot and plunged down the
ridge. Lee headed to cut him off from
the cedars, but he forged to the front,
gained the cedar level, and twinkled in
and out of tho clump of treos. Again
Leo slowed down to save his mustang.
Bess was warming up and Lee wanted
to seo what she could do nt close range.
Keeping within sight of Lightning the
hunter chased him leisurely round aud
rouud the forest, up aud down thc sage
slopes, along the walls, at last to get
him headed for the only open stretch ou
the mesa. Lee rode across a hollow aud
came out on tho level only a few rods
behind him.
"Hi! Hi! Hi!" yelled the hunter,
spurring Bess forward liko a black
streak. Uttering a piercing snort of
terror thc gray stallion lunged out, for
the first time panic-stricken, and lengthened his stride in a way that wns wonderful to see. Then at tho right moment
Cuth darted from his hiding place,
whooping at the top of his voice and
whirling his lasso. Lightning won that
race dowu the open stretch, but it cost
him his best.
At the turn he showed his fenr and
plunged wildly first to the left and then
to tiie right. Cuth pushed him relentlessly, while Lee went back, tied up
Bess, and saddled Billy, a wiry mustang
of great endurance. Then the'two hunters remorselessly hemmed Lightning between them, turned him where they
wished, at last to run.him around the
comer of the fence of cut cedars down
the line through the narrow gate into
the eorral prepared for him.
"Hold there!" cried Lee at thc gate.
"I'll go in aa' drive him round an'
rouud till he's done; theu when I yell
you stand to one side an' rope him as he
goes out.''
Lightning ran around the triangular
space, plunged up the steep walls, and
crashed over the dead cedars. Then as
sense and courage gave way more and
more to terror he broke into desperate
headlong flight. He ran blindly, nnd
every time he passed the guarded gateway, his eyes were wilder and Ris stride
more labored.
"Hi!    Hi!   Hi!" yelled Lee.
Cuth pulled oat of' thc opening and
hid behind the Hue of cedars, his lasso
swinging loosely. Lightning saw the
vacated opening and sprang forward
with a hint of his old speed. As he
passed through, a yellow loop flashed iu
the sun, circling, narrowing, and he
seemed to run right iuto it. The loop
whipped close around tho glossy neck
and the rope stretched tout. Cuth'fl
mustang staggered under the violent
shock, went to his knees, but struggled
up and held firmly. Lightning reared
aloft.
Then Leo, darting up in a cloud of
dust, shot his lasso. The noose nipped
the right foreleg of the stallion. He
plunged and for an instant there was
a wild straining struggle, then he fell
heaving and groaning. In a twinkling
Leo sprung off and, slipping the rope
that threatened to strangle Lightning
replaced it by a stout halter and made
this fast to a cedar.
Whereupon the Stewarts stood back
nnd gazed at their prize., Lightning
wuh badly spent, but not to a dangerous
point; he wus wet with foam but no
iteek of blood appeared; his superb coat
showed scratches, but none cut the flesh.
He was up after a while, panting heavily and trembling in all his muscles. He
wns a beaten horse, but be showed no
vieiousness, only the wild fear of a
trapped animal. He eyed Bess, then tho
hunters, und lust tho halter.
"Lee, will you look at him! Will you
jest look at thet mane!" ejaculated
Cuth.
"Wull!" replied Lee, "T reckon thet
reward, nn' thon somo, enn't buy him."
THE WOELD'S MOST WONDERFUL
CLOCK
rpilIS clock, according to Joseph B.
X linker, wbo writes in Popular
Electricity (Chicago), is not iu
Strasburg, or in any Old-World city,
but in "little old New York," on or
near the top of the so-called Metropolitan Tower in Madison Square. New
Yorkers, Mr. Baker assures us, tako
pride in showing visitors tho tall white
tower and its clock—especially at nightfall, when to the music of tho chimes
is added the flashing of the time from
the lantern at the top, 700 feet above
tbe street.   He goes on:
"By day and night, from as far as
they can be seen at all, the four giant
dials can be rend, and far above the
city'B din every fifteen minutes tho
bells announce the flight of time to all
within earshot. Aud the red and white
flashing beacon sends the same message
far afield, readable on a clear night by
all within a radius of fifteen miles.
The whole constitutes quite the most
remarkable clock system that has ever
been built.
"The tower clock dials, ilnminated at
night by mnny incandescent lamps, are
20 feet fi inches in diameter, with numerals 4 feet high and minute marks
IO'/. inches in diameter. The hands,
Iriven by an electric motor, are 17 feet
and 13 feet 3 inches long, respectively,
and weigh, together, 1,700 pounds. The
four bronze bolls, constituting tbe hoar
Btrike, und the chimes have an aggro
Sate weight of 13,500 pounds and tho
ashing lantern is equipped with red
and white incandescent lamps mounted
in au octagonal lantern of an aggregate
candle-power of over 22,000. Tho clock
system includes, besides tho four tower
dials, hundreds of other secondary
clocks distributed throughout the oflioes
and other rooms of thc building. AH
of thiB mighty borological equipment is
eloctrically actuated aad controlled
from-a siagle 'master-clock,' which is
itself electrically self-winding, requiring no touch of human hnnds from eae
year's end to thc other."
This master-clock is situated in the
directors' room of the company, on the
second floor of tho building. On the
twenty-sixth floor of the tower is what
is called the "clock-room," behind the
west dial, Hore aro dolicate relays,
operated from the master-clock aid
thomselves actuating heavy magnetic
switches near by.   Wo read further:
"Tho front of the room opens out in
to a ferro-concrclo easing, some ;t0 feot
square and projecting out about 30
inches from tho wall of tho tower. This
is the tower dial, with its numerals and
minute-marks cut through tho front
wall and glazed with heavy plato wire
glass through which a bird's-eye view
may be obtained of the citv and Hud
sou River and tho distant Jersey hills
. . . Sliding shutters at the dial con
tre givo access to tho backs of the mon
ster hands—of steel-frame construction
with copper casings—and through a
slide in each hand near the point of
attachment to its arbor tho lamps which
light the hands up at uight may bo
reached. Tne hands are facet! "with
polished wire glass, and each is fitted
with a pair of ingenious rolling car
riages on whicli are mounted 'linolite'
lamps, giving the effect of a nearly con
tiuuous doublo line of light. The lamp
carriages run on rails on a track iu the
structure of the hands, and are hinged
together in sections, so that tlmy may
be withdrawn through the slide tor the
purpose of renewing the lamps. At the
centre of the 'ihinutodinnd is a glaas
faced boss containing a centre cluster
of ordinary bulb lamps. The illumination of the dial itself is by an indirect
method designed to give the must bril
limit and at tho same time the most
distinct tower-clock lighting in the
world. The entire interior of the dial
casing is painted a permanent dead
white, having high reflecting power for
diffused light. Two concentric circular
rows of B0-cnndle-power tungsten lamps,
200 in all, are mounted in front of eurv
cd reflectors of corrugated, silvered
glass, whieh throw all of the direct rays
ngainst the rear wall of the casing. By
thiB means the glass fronts of all of tho
numerals aud minute-marks arc strong
ly aad evenly lit up, yet without ant
glare or blurring of the dial aB sees
from the outside of the tower at nigkt.
By dny also, when the spaco buck of
the dial is untighted, the numerals eat
through the dial contrast well with its
wliite surfuce.
"The massive hands of each tower
dial arc carried oa a set of 'dial wofks'
consisting of a stoel shaft and sleeve
running on ball-bearings nnd driven by
au electric motor. The 'dial movement,"
containing the motor nnd its gearing,
is alto equipped with an automatic ent
out device which turns the illumiuatioa
off at 20 minutes before sunrise and oa
at 20 minutes after sunset, with tbo prs
gressivo advance of tho senson. Thero
are no cumbrous weights and pulleys ts
operate the hands of the clock—tho
littlo electric motor, obedient to the
control of the master-clock, and itB re
lays and switches, starts up once overy
minute and runs for 50 seconds, driving-
the minute hand through 'one minute
space on the big dial during each run.
Two motors are employed in each tower
movement, either ono alone being well
able to drive the hands, and a centri
fugul tell-tale device, mounted on tho
shnft, being used to signal to the chief
electrician's office in case of 'trouble
on cither motor."
The electric "torch" on top of the
tower is also turned on and off by.tho
automatic device that controls the dial
illumination. From the magnetic
switches in the clock-room heavy cable*
curry the current which flashes the time
all through the night—red flashes for
the four quarters and ono whito flash
fur each stroke of the hour. The whito
light, given by 88 large incandescent
lamps, burns continuously except jnst
before the timo to announce each qnar
terhour.   The writer adds:
"Wben one has gone all over the
building and seen the various parts of
the clock system in operation, oae is
better prepared to examine the master-
clock, with its faithful pendulum, tho
prime mover of all these wonderful hor
ologicul details. In charge of so many
functions ns the muster-clock is, there
is 'something doing' all the time in the
array of beautifully finished gleaming
mechanism. Let us watch the chimes
transmitter, which consists of a little
brass cylinder with four pairs of accurately adjusted platinum contacts
bearing upon it nnd arranged to bo rlos
ed in a certain order by the rotation of
the cylinder. Onco every 15 minutes,
and a sufficient time bofore the even
quarter-hour, n rod moved'by the main
transmitter releases tho cylinder, allowing it to rotate and closo tbe contacts
for the proper quarter-hour chimes. The
timing ef theBe contacts is such ns te
cause the first stroke of tho hour bell
to occur accurately on the hour, allow
ing plenty of time beforehand for the
chimes to strike their four 'measures'
and get through. The hour-strike trans
mittcr is mechanically operated from
the chimes transmitter.
"Suppose the time is a little before
two. Ab we watch, the drum of the
chimes transmitter begins to turn, and
one after another, nil of the four eon
tact Angers nre kicked up into the air.
The sound of the answering tower belK
comes down to us but tardily, on account of the great distance, but it is a
kind of music simply to watch the
changing measures marked by the dancing bits of metal. Before we realize it,
the  motion  ceases,  and  we  turn  our
fiance to the hour-strike mechanism,
ts contact fingers close and open twice,
in leisurely succession, followed by the
booming notes from the 7,000-pound B-
flnt 'announcing bell' from its place on
tho forty-fifth story."
WHRN you ore grown up," queried
tho visitor, "will you be n doctor, like your father?"
"Ol^dear me, no!"   Why, I couldn't
even  kill a rabbit," replied the bey
with greut frankness. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
i
Panther Spearing
(By Captain G. A. Hope)
/""I AN panther spearing be justly considered to bo spoil
~J iu the true sense of tho word, notwithstanding that it
is exciting and dangerous enough to satisfy tho most
exue'ing, aud that it requires tho utmost nerve and skill in
thoso who take part in it? Ono form, tho spearing of a bagged panther oa a parade grouad, is emphatically no more
sport than aro rabbit coursing and shooting livo pigeons from
n, trap. Eveu the legitimate method—whea a panther is
beaten out as an incident of pig-sticking—is rather too onesided au affair uh a rule to conform altogether to the strict
canons of sport.
To obtain a fair idea of tho principles that govern it, it
is necessury to understand tho way of lite of tho panther
himself. In common with all cats, he hunts by stalking, with
a final spring or Bhort rush on hit) quarry, never by running
his prey dowu. His ordinary traveling pace, when uot alarmed, m a laut titrating walk or easy trot, never a gallop, ami
though ho will gallop at great pace when scared, ho never
keeps it up further than tho nearest covert, or till he thinks
hu is out of danger, 1 remember oue, a very largo female,
getting up under my horse's heud out of a bush one day,
when 1 was riding with the boaters through a thin stretch
of covert. Sho broke back and traveled literally like a flash,
hut pulled up within less than u hundred yards and turned
i ound to look at mo. Then, us I rodo towurds her, she trottod
off quietly into some denser jungle close at hand, into which
she kuew 1 would not follow her.
Thus, from its natural habits, it will bo seen that a
iwnther is designed for short, rapid bursts—is essentially a
Bprinter, not u stayer—and it is this characteristic of tho animal, togetbor with his extraordinary activity and complete
•imminent, which makes panther spearing tho one-sided affair
it is, either ia favor of the muu or animal.
The method of dealing with a "bagman" is as follows:
A trap is contrived in tho juuglo, usually bailt into a mud
hut, with a livo goat behind bars as a bait. It is visited
every morning, and whea a panther is taken ho is brought in
the trap to be speared the same afternoon on boiuo convenient
plain, usually the cantoumeut brigade parade ground. Tho
.-ago is placed so that the poor brute hus uo refuge witniu
reach, a long cord is tied to tuo door, and about fifty yards
from it tho spearmen take their stand, usually mounted on
speedy polo ponies. Every wall and treo within sight is
crowded with natives full of delighted anticipation, aud when
all is ready an orderly pulls the cord which opens the trap,
und theu runs for his lifo.
By this time tho panther is half crazed with terror and
.ramp, ami as often as not refuses to bolt, aud has to be
Beared by a discharge of blank cartridges or of fireworks.
When he doos como out he is usually too stiff to gallop, and
even when he finds himself pursued, aud makes an effort, his
speed is nothing beside that of a smart polo pony. What
next happens depends upon whether he has been given much
or little start, ll! the latter, the man ou fhe pony which can
get up steam quickest will catch him in tho first two hundred
yards, and, if he is wise, will spear hiin in the proper place,
Well forward. If not, and if ouly thinking of tirst spear and
ihe trophy, ho will do so in tho quarters, but whichever happens the result will bo tho same in almost all cases,
Panthers are arrant cowards, but when cornered they
naturally tight liko fiends; and the speared animal, who has
by this time run somo of the stiffness out of his limbs, is not
yet out of breath, und is in no wise crippled by his wound,
turns promptly on bis pursuers. Tho nearest human being ts
his point, wliich in tho Becond rider, as the lirst. has probably
ridden oa after spearing, lf the man is a good horseman and
:i skilled Hpeannan, he will save himself, but lie must be as
quick as tho panther itself, and if ho makes the slightest mistake, the animal gets homo oa horse and man, and the rest
of the "sport" consists in a bloody rough and tumble on the
ground, ending in tho panther being held down by two or
tnrce speure, and prodded to death. The run practically
finishes with the first spear.
But he is not easily killed, aud if thus run into before
being winded, will often revive with very unpleasant roBults
when least expected, as on a certain occasion in the Deccnn,
when tho "bag«an" was speared within the first huadred
yards. Ho turned, as usual, but did not succeed in getting
home, and after a few encounters wns pinned dowti and lay
absolutely inert, the spear being through tho base of ono enr.
Ho appeared to bo dead, and one of the spectators rushed
up with a camera on a stand to obtain a picture of the
supremo momont. He got his photograph, and, strange to say,
it survived what followed, but no sooner had he taken it
than tlio panther revived, tore himsolf loose, antl went for
the photogruphor. Somehow the mau escaped, but the camera
wns sent flying, and, disconcerted by his encounter with it,
tho panther turned and made for the nearest tree, up which
he went us quickly us a monkey. Now tho tree was crowded
with interested spectators, and for three or four strenuous
seconds wo enjoyed a spectacle of natives dropping to earth
with loud thuds, like ripe plums from a junglo plum-tree, as
tho panther approached them. By good luck none of them
were hurt, but tho panther speedily had the tree to himself,
and going up to the highest bough that would bear him he
defied all attempts to dislodge him, aud finally had tn be shot.
On thc rare occasions when he is given a long start lie is
usually galloped to a standstill beforo lie ia speared, and is
theu so blown that ho can do nothing in self-defence, as will
be seen whon 1 describe the legitimate method. But on one
occasion, at Secunderab&d, I think it wuh, the panther proved
to be a better stayer than usual, and got in among the houses
which fringe tho brigade parade ground, and gave a lot of
troublo before ho was cornered aad shot. But even in this
caso he had hardly a better chance of escaping thaa he would
have had if turned out in Hyde Park, and this is what condemns spearing a bagged panther as sport. Dangerous
though he may be, he hus no chance of escaping, which is
not cricket, even whero such a mischievous bruto as a panther
is concerned.
In the legitimate form of panther spearing the animal is
usually put up, more or less by chance, out of long grass ia
■iho open when advancing in lino out pigsticking. Not having
been terrified out of his wits and cramped for hours in a
trap, ho invariably goes away at a paco which makes a first
spenr in the first few hundred yards usually an impossibility
on the rough ground, even on the smartest of ponies, lf
thero is covert or badly broken ground within reach, he will
certuinly escape altogether; frequently ho will lose himself
in the grass and bo over-ridden ami then break baek to safety; but if forced to gallop half a mile nt most his doom is
sented. He slows down to a feeble, shambling trot, and when
speared doos not seem to havo strength left to do anything
in self-defence.
I recolloct ono, a three-parts grown cub, just under six
feet in length, who wns put up thus on tho right id' a long
line where 1 was riding alone, and whom I had all to myself.
Ho went clean away from me at first, and being on a'slow
horso I thought he must escape, although he had not ten yards
start. But it was just the slowness of my mare whicli proved
his undoing. On a smart polo pony I should probably have
run into him quickly, and, being alone, I should cortninly
have had a very poor timo of it. As it was ho came back to
mo after going three furlongs, nnd when 1 reached him was
going no faster thnn a man at a slow jog-trot.
I speared him clean through behind tho shoulder us I passed him, the sensation being somewhat as if I had bcen attacking a feather pillow, and then I spurred on bard, iu hopes of
escaping reprisals from behind, for thoro wus.no No. 2 for
him to attack. But as I looked back I saw him crawling up
the sido of the nullah in which I had caught him, and my
herae being handy, if slow, she came round at once, and I
got him nt tuo top of the rise. Still ho did not try to attack,
and after I had speared him a third time, ho collapsed absolutely, and let me kill him without resistance. I must declare
thnt this is a confession, not a boast. I have nover felt
proud of this achievement, which was the tamest affair im-
aginnble when it came to the point.
Thc big female whom I havo mentioned already illustrates
thc same thing even moro perfectly. After breaking bnck,
thinking herself unobserved, she left tho thick junglo to go
to nnother covert on tho other side of a piece of rising
ground. However, a man in a treo saw hcr, and shouted tho
news to us, and we turned nnd rodo after her.
Sho went straight awny till she wns almost at. the top
of tho rise, and then Bho broke baek. But as we wore between
her nml the covert, sho had to make n large detour to avoid
us, which she accomplished successfully, galloping round at
racing speed. Tho offort was too much for hcr enduranco,
however, and just beforo she reached the covert, and safoty
she dropped into a littlo hollow, not flvo yards from dense
jungle, utterly dose.
A single spring, a few halting steps even, would hnve
strength to make them. She could not, even snarl or swear,
saved her, for she was not   cut   off,   but   she   hai] not the
but lay utterly helpless, just showing ber teeth, her flanks
heaving painfully, a most pitiful sight.
Thu ground was such that spearing her was difficult, so a
rifle which one of the mon had brought waB sent for, and by
the time it arrived she had recovered sufficiently to make a
fresh start. But she could only drug herself along very slowly and laboriously; Bho mado no attempt to attack the enemies round hor, and not oven whon wounded but not killed,
by the first shot, did sho try to charge. In short, the killing
of her was about aB pleasant and exciting as the shootiug of
a worn-out troop horse.
Others may have had more exciting experiences, but these
are mine, and the conclusion of the whole matter i3 that a
panther is not to be compared with a pig as a sporting animal,
although ono would alwaya rido him—and legitimately—if
one put him up when out pig-sticking. As to spearing a bagman on a parade ground, the practice is indefensible on any
grounds. At the same time, unless galloped out, the panther
is as dangerous n customer us one could wish to tackle; and
when the occasion arises it is as well to bear in mind tho following points:
Alwaya try to spear woll forwnru, just behind the olbow
low down, hero tho heart and big arteries lie. Spur on hard
after spearing, shortening your spear, and bo ready for an
attack from the rear. Kecoivo a charging panther with a
ralher shortened spear, aad then turn your horso to throw him
aside if you cannot pin him down. Bo very careful how you
tackle a panther who lies dowu, especially when speared after
a short run. If a man is pulled down, go to his assistance ou
foot. In a melee round him on horseback there is too great
a risk of spearing the man instead of thc panther. Finally,
put your pride in your pocket nnd hnvo nothing to do with
Iiim unless absolutely sure of your skill as a spearman and
rider. The game calls out all tho best qualities in a mun
when all is said and done, but it leaves no margin for mistakes, nnd tho duffer rides to certain disaster for himself, and
probably for his companions, who will have to rescue him.
You may not always havo tho luck not to reach your quarry
before he is pumped out and harmless.       •
THE ROMANCE OF THE FUR TRADE
TIIE history of a lady's fur coat is, if one thinks of it, full
of strange contrasts. A wild creature of the Canadian
forests, a silent Indian trapper and his wifo, a lone
Hudson's Bay Company trador, the half-breed paddlers of a
"north" canoe, the hands of tho Hudson's Bay steamer in
tho ico-floes off Ungava, tho employees of a British railway
company, the operatives of a London furrier—all these may
have played a part in the making of tho coat beforo it can
appear in the windows of a shop in Bond street or on the
buck of some proud lady of St. James. The fur trado is one
of the few departments of modern business about which there
still lingers tho odor of romance. Other trades have been
revolutionized by nineteenth contury science; it has remained,
almost alone, primitive in its methods. Since tho day when
"The Honorable Company of Adventurers trading into Hudson's Bay" was founded by Prince Rupert it has hardly
changed at all, Jn unimportant details it may havo altered,
perhaps. The trade-mark of a famous Pittsburg steel works
may now be stamped upon tho Indian's traps; and the legend
"Made ia Oermany" may now adorn tho barter that is given
for the fort.: but these slight innovations have the force of
bald anachronisms. They stand out sharply from the surroundings into whicli they are intruded, aad they merely
serve to show by contrast how primitive these arc.
The life of the bush is a closed book to most people. A
great deal has beeu written about the life of the wild animals that furnish the fur, but very little has been written
about the life of the traders and trappers who collect it,
though the latter is a subject full of the most romantic, interest. The life of tho bush often appears on the surface ouo of
bitter trial and hardship. Tho Indian trapper often goes
through trials aad hardships that would crush another man.
He goes off in tho autumn to his winter's hunting grounds
with a single small canoe; he sleeps all winter in a bark
tepee or in a canvas tent, when he docs not roll up in bis
rabbitskiu in tlte snow; he travels through the bush when
the mercury is frozen in the glass, suowshoeing with his pack
upon his back and has rifle on his nrm, through windfall and
through tangled swamp, and, worst of all, through perilous
burnt bush where a wilderness of charred poles sway in the
wind like the masts af countless ships. Comfort is a thing he
knows not. He lives ou pork und beans, and flour aud tea.
His clothes he never changes, night or day. His only remedy
for nil the ills that flesh is heir to is a drink of burning painkiller. He lives and dies iu debt, and would not become solvent if he could. A good winter may briag him in $500; a
bad winter $50. On the whole, his life is that of Hobbes'
natural man, "nasty, poor, mean, brutish and short." But,
ou the other hand, ho is quite content. He does not feel the
need of comfort or a balance in tho bank; and he has a stoical and philosophic calm that enables him to take with equal
mind whatever the gods may send. He mny always get, he
argues, credit with the traders. Why, thon, should he take
thought for the morrow—what ho should cat or what he
should put on?
The trader's lot seems even harder, because he has, as
a rule, known better things. Tho Hudson's Bay Company
traders are, with a curious unanimity,' Bons of the "land of
wild heath und shaggy wood." I havo heard one of them recite with no small umount of feeling:
"From the dim shieling of tho misty island,
Mountains divide us, and a world of seas;
But still ottr hearts are true, our hearts are Highland,
And wc in dreams behold the Hebrides."
This trader wns a Scot who had come out to Hudson Bay
when a young man, and had married an Algonquin wife, of
whom ho had a family of little Indians, who lisped in broken
Scotch, when they condescended to speak English at all. He
has heard the call of the wild. To ply the paddle, to shoot
lived at his trading post from .January to January, receiving
letters from thc outside world once or twico a year, and seeing white men hardly oftener. Another of tho verses he frequently repeated was:
"0, Solitude, where aro the charms
That sages have seen  in tby face?
Better dwell in the midst of alarms
Than live in this horrible place."
And yet he miself wns tho first to confess that anyone
whn had tasted the lifo of the bush could not go back to
another. "Once a Hudson's Bay man," ho said, "always n
Hudson's Bny man." Thero is a fatal fascination nbout the
freo life of thc forest that holds a man captive. Such a one
thc wild duck, to hit tho trail ucross the virgin bush, to sleep
beneath the stars, to breathe the scent of cedar or of pine—
theso things nre life to him whose blood hus cnught the fever.
The labors of the traders are not arduous. They have to
sell thc trappers their outfits in the autumn; and they barter
for the peltries in the spring. They have to sort tho peltries
that they buy, uud transport them by canoe or dog-train to
the nearest railway line or steumboat wharf; ond there their
duties end. The only time when they have cause for worry is
when they have to meet with opposition. Then they have to
fight for* very life. When tho Northwest Company sot up
aguinst the Hudson's Bay men in the beginning of last century, there was a bitter fight, in which trading-posts were
burned, and men wero kidnapped, and often blood wus spilt.
Tho methods of warfare now adopted nre those of commercial
aggression; and they are called "free-traders"—freo lances
who set up beside tho H. B. Co. posts, and try to win tho
company's Indians over. Many a thrilling talc might be told
of tho bitter commercial lights between tho "Oreat Company" and tho lonely "free-traders" in tho heart af the forest primovnl. Ono sueh tight took place a few yeurs ago at
what, for caution's sake, may be called Ghost River, A low,
illiterate Dutchman set up in opposition to thc H. B. Co. post,
and made a bid for thc fur trade of the district. Ho cut rates,
and mado loans, nnd dispensed whiskey, and married a chief's
daughter, with the acumen of an up-to-date American trying
to break a ring. And, tnough he did not manage to make
good his footing, he gave tne factor at tho post a most uncomfortable time, nnd mnde that easy-going man bestir himself in earnest. Tho story of that fight, enncted against the
background of the wild primeval bush, is only typical of what
is going on hero and there all over northern Canada.
Such is tho life of lhe traders and trappers. Tho rest of
tho story of thc fur is simply and easily told. Early in June,
when tho pelts have been gathered and sorted and cured, the
great six-fathom ennoes aro brought down to tho water and
loaded with their precious freight. The "packers" (as the
Indians aro called) stop in and man tho thwarts. Tho procession of canoes streams out across tho lake. With gaudy
hnndkerchiefs tho Indian village waves a last farewell, anil
the fur brigado disappears around thc bend.
The furs are shipped to Hudson Bay on to the Tl. B. Co's.
steamer, which makes nn annunl pnssngo through tho ice-fines
of the northern channels to the fnr-off Bhores of Englnml, And
when tho furs reach England, in the workshops of tho furrier, they aro made into alt kinds of furry garments to keep
warm a sheltered race.
TALK
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How I Flew to Manchester
(By Louis Paulhan)
1WAS allowed twenty-four hours in which to fly from
London to Manchester, As a mutter of fact, I tlow to
Manchester within twenty-four hours of my machine
being delivered in Loudon. I was hard at work for eleven
hours building it up, and the moment it was built 1 tlow.
That was becauso the wind was in a favorable direction, for
the first timo for about a week, and I could not afford to
waste the opportunity.
When 1 went to London ou Wednesday morning I had no
real idea that I would he able to start that day, aud I had
had only five hours' sleep the night before. But a Hying
man must take his winds when they come.
I found tlin atmosphere rather disturbed when I rose;
there were small, gusty puffs and tricky currents, and it was
somewhat difficult to find just the altitude at which they
would bother me least. I heard the cheering of tho people as
I circled over Hendon, and the enthusiasm delighted me, so
I flew right over the heads of the crowd.
I followed the line of the Midland Railway to Hnmpstend,
Then I saw the cemetery and tho white flag of the Official
Observer. I went round it, high up in the nir, and I knew
thut I had fulfilled the conditions necessary for a start, so I
flew over the luke of the Welsh Harp and made directly for
the North-Western railroad. I
London is a difficult pluce to fly out of. It is so huge and
so confusing! I know the way from Hendon to Manchester,
but I do not know the way from Hendon to St. Paul's, nor
could one learn it without practice. So many districts all
alike, und such a bewildering number of railway lines running
in evory conceivable direction! Without my map I could oever
havo found my way out, but I had well impressed myself with
all the signs of the particular railway track I wanted, and
I wns soon flying directly to the north.
I bad to fight the wind all the wny from London. Not a
moment's rest came to me in my battlo against thc gusts. I
made rises and dips of as mueh as 320 feet, always with the
object of flying ia the steadiest level of air I could find.
It was cold, very cold indeed, and the wind bit into my
face. Fortunately for me, my eyes do not suffer while 1 am
flying, though thoy begin to bum terribly when I come down
to earth again. I have had to bathe them steadily since my
descent to relieve the smarting.
f started without gloves, for I hate to feel my hands encumbered when I am Hying. The result was that at the ond of
my first flight the little finger of my driving hand was useless
and without sensation; it was qulto numbed with cold. For
the second stage of the llight I borrowed n pair of thin gloves
from my excellent friend Mr. Holt Thomas, and I have given
Ihem buck to him as a souvenir of my flight.
To return to the first evening. 1 was going north for a
long time before I sighted the special train which was accompanying me. Hut lliere was no mistaking it when it
caught me up. The three (oud hoots of the whistle and the
big white signal cloth floating from tne window of the roar
coach—it looked like a handkerchief from such a height— told
me all. I could see that things were going well. The wind
whistled, and so did I. I shouted and I sang. I do not think
my voice is particularly fascinating, but nobody seems to
mind that in the upper air.
' A pelting rainstorm lushed me Cor twenty minutes wliile
I was in the neighborhood of Rugby, Kortunately, I nm not
unused to flying itt the rain; therefore, although it was uncomfortable, it had no effect upon my flieht. I kept on flying at
a steady pace, although my altitude varied remarkably.
I flew until it wns quite dark. .JI I could mako out beneath mo was the smoke of a train once in a whilo and the
occasional flicker of lights from a village. I came down
rapidly from 800 metres to 100, so that I could ho more certain of my direction.
Then came the most exciting moment of tny flight. Darkness hnd fallen before me. I saw the lights of Lichfield. I
decided to alight iu some convenient meadow before reaching
the town, and to do this sank down to 150 feet. 1 was immediately above what looked like a largo fnetory with a chimney. I nm now told it was a urewery, and so, to alight safely
in the field with no damage done, I made a fish-hook turn, and
my machine wns now pointing towurds London.
Suddenly my motor stopped, every drop of petrol exhausted, and the machine swooped downward almost like a stone
dropping. What should 1 do? Bcnenth me was the brewery
und a certain smash. Behind mo was a narrow field which
was almost like a spider's web with a mesh nf telegraph
wires. I had an imperceptible fraction of a second in which
to make up my mind, and I decided to risk the telegraph
wires. As \ sunk I mado a sharp twist right back on the line
of my course, and was lucky enough to litt myself over Ihe
wires.
So fur, then, so good. T was stiff with cold, mid wn* verv
glnd of a drink of whisky from the flask of a gentleman who
had dashed up with a motorcar, nnd of fhe friendly attentions of a number of people who brought warmth back  to
my limbs by rubbing them. Vou ure sportsmen, you Knglish!
I "was racing nn Englishman, and most naturally you wanted
him to win, Vet you treated me throughout with the most
generous assistance.
A Spanish lady who speaks French acted ns my most
helpful interpreter—for I have no Knglish myself. A friendly soul lent mc a motor-cur, and I drove to the hotel. I met
tiiy wife, and had n light meal of eggs, milk, and soup—very
comforting, considering that I had subsisted on a single sandwich during the day while building up the machine!
I went to bed at ten o'clock, deciding to start again as
soon as it was light, or even a little earlier. I slept like a top
•for five hours, and then woke as fresh as a lark, delighted to
find that some of the strain of fatigue had left my limbs. My
hands, arms, legs, and feet had become supple enough for mo
to work the machine again with confidence—though I must
admit that I felt as if I had been working very hard.
It was still dark when I reached the narrow meadow be-
sido Trent Valley Station in whicli my machine was lying.
My mechanics, Chauveau and Miscarol, had worked woll during the night. The machine wus charged with petrol. Sho
was all ready for a start. .My new tank will hold sixteen
gallons, but I carry no more than I need from considerations
of weight. On tho first day I had fourteen gallons aboard,
on the second only twelve, for that was more than suflicient
to curry me to Didsbury, allowing a generous margin for
emergencies.
Once more as I made ready for the start T wns struck by
thc generous altitude of the people. Although they had
heard a rumor that Mr. Grabame-Witc had started, and although tlieir inclination must have been to hope that tho
Knglishman would beat mc, they placed not the smallest obstacle in the way of my departure. They crowded round tlu»
machine out of interest, but pressed hastily back the moment
I wanted them out of the way.
tt was a tricky start, for the field was short and narrow
and there was a nasty hedge to surmount at the end of it. A
collision with the hedge would have been disastrous. Happily
favored with a head wind as I was tuen facing, though it was
a following wind for my flight, I roso above the hedge without
difllculty, turued, and headed straight for Manchester.
Here was the end of my concern about the issue of the>
race! Barring accidents, I was hound now to reach Manchester in safety und in good time, ami there was no reason
to anticipate an accident, for I had surmounted the worst of
tho difficulties—that of the rise from tue narrow field only
120 yards long abovo the dim Inaterns which were my only
indications as to the whereabouts of the hedge.
As soon as I got up I mnde my circle, followed the railway,
and then set off for Crewe, fighting all the way against gusts*
of wind. So certain did I feel of the road thut I did not.
trouble to take my map on the seeond stage of tho journey.
This was a mistake, for after leaving Crewe I thought the
first station marked my landing place, but J could discover
none of the marks I expected to lind there, and I had to circle
bnck towards London before I picked up the whitewashed
marks on the sleepers which directed me onwards.
I made yet another mistake in my route, and hail to curve
in yet nnother circle backwards. But at last I saw the new
station at Ilurnacc, which was my objective. I suw the white
marks in the field where 1 wns to land; I landed; and I knew
that I had wnn. AIM he way from London it had been a fight,
between me and the puzzling wimi, and I had beaten thn
wind.
There are a few things which I shnll be glad if, you will
now permit uie to sny.
I cannot sufficiently express my admiration fnr the public-
spirited attitude of The Daily Mail in ofl'ering this sjdondid
prize. It is tho finest stimulus thnt has ever been given t<»
aviation. It should give a great impetus to the science within
the British Isles, 1 do not say this because I havo been fortunate enough to win, I said it from the first moment tlio
prize was offered.
THE DEATH OF THE BRIAR
ONCE more it has bcen stated recently tbat a dire catastrophe will soon threaten the smoker. The bruyem
root, from which tho majority of the best pipes" uro
made, is being used up far more rapidly than it is grown;
und this must valuable—in tbi1 nicotian sense—of all the
woods now begins to show signs of coming to an end. Tho
prospect is not n pleasant one. Many of ns dislike the flavor
of the meerschaum, whether it is of the old type or the new
chemically-treated and unbreakable variety. The democratic
clay has Inst some of its old popularity. The corncob is not
a thing of beauty, and most cortninly it is not a joy forever;'
tbe myall good pipe is indeed sweet and excellent tor a time,
but nil too soon—like a coalition majority—it splits and dies.
And there are a good many objections to the cherrywood;
tho hookah is not a pipe which one can indulge in cm u short
train journey, the hookah being essentially the pipe of peace
which needs to be smoked in the study; while as to the new
bright-yellow variety of plpbs with bowls ns large as pudding
basins and steins as long as walking sticks, hold nre tho
people who venture out with one on. The briar is tho thing,
and we refuse to believe thnt the day of the briar is over.
We cnn not nil smoke cigars the wholo day long, and manv of
us refuse the modern cigarette as a useless thing, fit only for
degenerate youth. The clay pipe is suspect, and supposed to
lead to cancer, and ono does not care to havo horriblo
thoughts of thnt kind lurking ut the bottom of the bowl. I UK I SLA Ml Kit, CUMI1KKI.AWU
||the magnet cash store||
©§55)
am
^STOVES, RANGES,
'W&
FURNITURE
AND A
COYTTV ETE
EOTJSEH  T D
_p ittt\ ish in J Estab lisli m oi\ I
T. IE. BATE
CUMBERLAND, B.C
Si
im i
SB*1 ■
<m6
The IDEAL' STORE
Is now open for business
witb a nice fresh stock of
every thing good to eat.
Men's Pit Boots, Underwear,
Overalls, Shirts, Etc., Etc.
-XV^itt St ^ ir>*r -
ii
McRae, Acton & Hayman
tammm*
Th« Bl
ttAAM&SKZKr i-s«Ma«ffliaa5»fiKBaaS!ftfflif-i
Dunsmuir Avenue.
(Siddall's Tailor Shop.)
m
l am
H!
eg®
£¥531
J|
H
iB
fiS^S
O
. •"?> " j: rj I-   t it
n;
Ladies'
Fine
Summer
Dresses
We are showing some very fine lines in the Correct Styles
and Materials, and at very moderate prices.
ADIES' FINE LAWN DRESSES, in fine material, lace and
insertion, Irimmed, at $13.00.
ADIES' ALL-OVER EMBROIDERY DRESS, in very fine
material, very newest style, and fine insertion, at$9.00
.ADIES" MULL DRESSES, in both blue and   white,   very
dainty, at $7. GO
ADIES' GINGHAM DRESSES.    These are very neat, and
could not possibly be made up for this price—$4.00.
I)0 Not Forget ! We are showing the finest and
most up-to-date line of ladies'
white Waists, correct in every detail.
Prices that will astound the most
shrewd Bargain-Hunter.
Don't forget the place. The opportunity is Yours. §
Sin Ln k ft LM.
ni mrnumm»«wai»i.u      Tin—-      :;r~;:OTawi'S3OT5R& B5ff«3v»
L/ d I Wj   *^>HI.
MILLINER
AND
DRESSMAKER,
(Opposite Courtenay Opera House.)
Latest Paris and New York
Fashions.
Hats and Bonnets Executed in Any Style.
DF H PIjEKO
It will pay you to wait until our agent calls
upon you with catalogues of the best piano,
The
Gerhard Heintzman
■Canada's Premier Piano.
We   have  just  received another large shipment.      Sold   on easy  monthly   payments.
Fletcher Bros.
The Music House,    Nanaimo, B.C.
Edmund Davies
George Jeffries
William Duncan
John Grieve
Thomas Wood
Frank Childs
Hugh Clark
Markham Ball
Smith Bros.
D. R. MacDonald
Mrs. C. Parkin
George Robinson
Vass Bros,
Mrs. H. McQuillan
Lucius Cliffe
John Knight
E. Bourne
H. Helm
Harold Game
R. N. Hurford
John Marsden
John Williamson
We are always glad to set up a machine and let you
try it for yourself If desired, we will accept a small
cash payment and let you pay the balance on liberal terms
That beats buying a cheap "mail order" separator all to
pieces. You can buy the DE LAYAL on terms, so that
the machine will pay foi'itself out of its own savings.
Come in and talk it over, or phone us and we will call and
see you.
u
SELLING AGEXT,
Dealer in Flour and Feed,
COURTENAY, B.C.
CUMBERLAND
DEPARTMENTAL
STORES   J
Late J. N. McLeod
.|i'HIS Store will be extended and several new
departments added, and will shortly reopen with a large and complete stoc* of everything
appertains to a general business, and will be run
on the lines of
HIGH GRADE GOODS
AT POPULAR PRICES
6s&
<ma
W. A. Wagenliauser
F. P. Onate
Proprietors.
gap
ifiSfe
lm
WAVERLY HOTEL
FKANK DALLOS, Prop.
Good Meals Comfortable Rooms
Fragrant Cigars    Choice Liquors
Courteous Treatment.
Dunsmuir Ave.
PEOPLE YOU KNOW WHO USE
AND RECOMMEND
DE LAVAL
CREAM SEPARATORS
The DE LAVAL is the one cream separator which
is used and recommended by well-known dairy authorities and creamery men all over the world.
Right here at home, too, the DK LAVAL has many
enthusiastic users, any one of whom will be only too
glad to speak a good word for the DE LAV.-JL. Here
are a few of their names. .-Isk them what kind of service
their DE LAYAL separator has given them.
Cumberland
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve S7,000,o00
THE ROYAL BANK
OF CANADA
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all ovor the world
SPECIAL ATTENTION pnld to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS, nnd Inter
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch—   —   —     OPEN DA"
UNION WHARF, B.C., Suh Brancli-QPEN THURSDAY
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
COURTENAY, B. C. BRANCH OPEN DAILY
Wm. H. Hoff,   Manager.
If
Lunches  Served
at All Hours   : :
UNION BAY.
J. BARRIE,
Successor to A. McKinnell.
Confectionery,
Ice Cream,
Fruits,
Cigars and
Tobaccos
McKinnell's Old Stand,
Dunsmuir Ave., CUMBERLAND
"CIVILSERVICE ACT."
The qualifying examinations for
Third-class Cloi'lts, Junior Clerks, and
Stenographers will he held at the
following places, commencing on Tuesday, the 2nd July next:—Armstrong,
Chilliwack, Cumberland, Duncan,
Gulden, Oiand Porks, Kamlooqs, Kas-
In, Kelowna, Ludysrriith, Nanaimo,
Nelson, New Westminster, Pcaeldand,
Prince Rupert, Pentiotou, Revelstoke,
Rossland, Salmon Aon, Sinnuiet-land,
Vancouver, Vernon, mel Victoria,
Candidates must, ht British ?uhj"cta
hebween the ages of 21 and HO. if for
Thi d-olsss Clerks; and between Hi aud
L'l, if for Junior Clerks or Stonngraph-
Applications
received later
next,
Further info
aplicstiou ftiriu
the utiilersii/iiei
will not he aceepteil if
than   the  loth June
inst i-n, together with
,, muy he obtained I'roni
I.
Section 7 of the "Civil Service
Act" provides that temporary
clerks and stenographers, who
have not been regularly appointed
by Order in Council must pn se thii
examination.
P. WALK MR.
Hngintrttv, Civil Srrince,
Victoria. B.C., 1st Mav. 1!)12.
IMPORTANT!
Investigate Before Purchasing.
- We have just received a car-load of—
Rubber-tire Buggies,
Two-seated Carriages,
Delivery Wagons, and
Democrats, (With two and three seats)
DIRECT from  the  FACTORY
LEIGHT0N & ADEY,
General Blacksmiths,   COUttTENAY

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