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The Islander Aug 13, 1910

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Array Have you tried
This is an A1 Bread Flour
$1.90 Sack.     Sola at
7      AUG 1
As a Bread Maker
Is Equal to the Best
$1.90 Sack.     Sold at
No 11
Subscription price 81.50 per year.
All   the    teams    now
equal in ra,ce for
the pennant.
By a criekot like score of 16 to 13
the ('uiul'tirluml Iphiii won from Court-
nay on tlm hitler's grounds on Sunday.
H'ggiu*, the now twirler for the Pilseners, was fluttering friioi a very lame
arm ; hut, nothwithtandiiig this fact,
held the heavy hittjng Courtonavites
down lo 2 runs in 6 innings in which
he pitched.
The gnmc by inning!!:—
First innings, Pilsener—Robinson
got first when the pitcher fumblcii
his hunt ; Hamilton got n safe hii
over third ; Smithe got a base on ball;
the catcher tried to eatoli Robinson
stealing but the throw, was wild, ami
the runner scored ; Raines doubled to
left, scoring Hamilton ami Smithe;
Slant struck nut; Gibson was out on a
hit tn first; lliggins grounded out to
pitcher —3 tuns. Courtenay - A nil-
derton got. a bnse on balls and stole
leuoiid ', Donnelly fanned j McNeil hit
to Stunt who fumbled, allowing Anil
el'ton to score ; Dixon went out to first:
Clill'o struck out —1 run.
Second innings, Pilseners—Pearme
was hit by pitcher and went to Hrsl
anil stole second ; James hit a pop tly
to second ; Robinson hit pust short
stop anil gained third on a futile attempt to cutch Peanno between third
nnd home; Robinson scored on a passed ball ; Hamilton got to first on an
error at short; Smithe went to first
hy being bit by a pitched ball; Rnines
hit hard to left soring Hamilton ;
Chile went in the box and gave Stunt
abase on balls; Gibson struck out;
lliggins bit tn short who threw to
second, who dropped the bull, Smithe
scoring; Raines scored on a wild pitch
Pearme bit hall past pitcher, short stop
nnd second; Stant and Higginscoming
home; James fanned— 7 runs. Courtenay— Thomas fanned ; Fabur wa-
out on a fly to Gibson ; Wagner was
retired.hy a ifrtgtfy throw by Hitmil.
ton— 0 runs.
Third innings, Pilseners,—Robinson
flow out to centre ; Hamilton wentout
to pitcher ; Smithe got to first on balls.
and stole second, but was caught trying to steal third. Courtenay —Curtis
flew oul to short; Anderton hit to
third mul was safe 011 James' error;
Donnelly went out to first; McNeil
was safe 011 an overthrow by Slant ;
Anderton scored; Dixon got to ttirsl
on a grounder lo third ; McNeil scoring on a wild throw over second ; Dixon
was caught stealing third— 2 runs.
Fourth innings, Pilsener—Stant hit
a hot one for two bugs ; Gibson Hew
out to right and Stant got to third;
lliggins hit safe to second, scoring
Stent; lliggins stole third ; Pearme
hit to second -coring lliggins ; James
struck out ; Robinson Hew 0111 to centre
— 2 runs. Courleimy — Pearme wav
sent iu to pilch for Pilseners, to save
lliggins' arm, bul proved as wild as 11
Texas steer, (JliH'ehil safe lo left; Thomas got a base oil balls ; l-'nbor llll baid
to left scoring Cllll'u ; Wagner Anderton and Curtis struck out - I run.
Fifth innings, Pilneiier— Hamilton
reached first on an error at second,
Smithe hit between first ami second.
the tirst baseman went after the ball.
und he and the baseman collided viol
t-iitIy at the base, Smithe having his
leg broken three inches lielow lhe knee
hy tlio force of ihe impact; Raines got
a base ou balls; Slant it rn i Gibson
struck out— I run. Coiirleuay
Donnelly got a base ami stole serum!
and third, McNeil gol a walking ticket;
the catcher threw the bull to catch
Donnelly playing oil' third, hut the
hall bit the husciuniicr, who scored;
McNeil scored on a wild pitch ; I> x 1111
struck nut; Clill'u's limit Weill safe :
Thomas was hit hy a pitched ball ;
Fulior bit to left scoring Chile ami
Thomas ; Wagner doubled lo left. scoring Kahor; Curtis fanned ; Anderton
hit safe to third ; Donnelly hunted
and inaile second, while Wagner scored on an overthrow hy the catcher;
McNeil was hit by a pitched ball :
Dixon fanned— 6 runs.
Sixth Innings, Pilsener-lliggins
hit safe lo third ; Pearme flew out to
second ; James bit to ceil I re, scoring
lliggins ; Juntos scored on Kubinson's
hit; Hamilton flew out to short;
Robinson was caught stealing second
— 2 runs. Courtenay— lliggins reentered the box ; Clill'o hit 10 pitcher,
who fumbled, and stole second und
went to third on 11 passed ball; Thomas
fanned ; Pnbor hit to Gibson who dropped it; Chile tried to get home, hut
failed to bent the ball; Fa bor was
caught stealing third— 0 runs.
Seventh innings, Pilsener— Howl
hit bard jui.tl third, and stole second ;
Preliminary    meeting
held on Wednesday
evening last.
A small crowd gathered Ht tin
Council Chiimliern on Wednesday
evening foi- the the purpose of organising a Citizens League.
Mr. Reid was appointed chairman
of the meeting, and Mr. Cariwrlghl
The Chairman explained thnt tin-
object of the meeting was to form »
league to assist lhe council iu the de*
veltiprount of llie city.
Heveral had explained the benefit*
ilerived from citizens leagues iu other
towns. Mr. Thomson moved, and Mr
Mdicod seconded, tlmt a Citizens
League be organized, and a fee of DOc.
lie charged fir aduiia*imi,
Messrs. McLeod, Thomson and Reid
were appointed to draft by-laws to
present at lho next meeting; Messrs.
Abrams, Wier and Reid were appointed to co-Operatf- with committee.'
from the Development league nml
the Council to interview the manage
ment for the purpose of having more
houses built in the city, and the cur
point ion of the city extended.
President Shaw, of the Development League, assured the Citizens
League that tliey would have the
hearty support of thnt organization.
Judge Abrams thought it was the
lest thin^ the citizens had ever done.
Raines struck but \ .Stant hit safe to
first, but Boyd was caught between
third and home; Gibson hit sale to
right; lliggins bit a but one to the
pitcher and was nut— 0 runs. Courtenay—Wagner wen t out second tofirst;
AndiTton was hit hy a pitched hall ;
McNeil hit safe to left, scoring Curtis;
Anderton was caught at the plate.
Eighth innings,Pilsener-Pearme went
out to first; James to short aud Hoi)
inson to first— 0 runs Courtennv—-
r'UVoy* '" left; Thomas funned-Md
Clifle stole second ; Fabor fanned ;
Wngner went out to pitcher- 0 ruin-
Ninth inning-*, Pilsener—Hamilton
fanned ; Itoyd hit a bard one to right
making a home run liy overthrow to
catch him at third ; Raines went out
on a grounder to third ; Stunt singled
to right; Gibson hit safe over second ;
lliggins popped out to the catcher—I
run CourteiiHy— Curtis hit to third ;
Anderton fanned; Curtis stole second ;
Donnelly hit to left; McNeil hit safe,
scoring Curtis ; Dixon struck out;
Clille hit to short, scoring Donnelly ;
Thomas struck out— *J runs.
12 3456781)
Pilsener    870212001—16
Courtennv 10 2  10 0  10 2— 13
Union Bay.
A pretty wedding wns solonmnized
at St. Saviour's Church, Viclorin West,
mi Thiiisdnv morning, July 28th, when
ilu* Hhv. C. Vi. Cooper united in holy
honds of matrimony Mias Mnry li.
Huggnrfc, only daughter of .Mr nml
Mrs Thoa, Haggart, late of 1'umln'i-
liind, hut now ni Vic'i'i'in, to Alfred
I,. Hnv, second eldest son uf Mr. mul
Mrs. T". Ia. Hnv, ol Union Iluy. .Miss
Miles, of Victoria, played Uhuugrin
Wedding Mnrch while the bride, wlio
was given away by her father, entered
loaning on his jirm, charmingly gowned
ii white brocaded sill,, ihe I" dice being
draped wilh duchess lace, the Oinhroi
tiered veil being caught with n wreath
uf orange blossoms, mul curried li
slimier buiiipiei of white carnations,
Miss Margaret Hnv supported the
bride, prettily gowned in mauve silk
mull with lint i atoh, and carried a
bouquet nf [link KWeel pen"; while Ml
■las Haggart supported the groin.
Afler the ceremony a reception was
held nt tlm bride's homo, Mary Street,
where aboul thirty guesls were present at luncheon, among whom was
Mr Jas, Haggart, Sr., grandfather of
the bride. The happy couple left on
n short honeymoon to Vnncouver, thc
bride's travelling dress being of navy
Iilnn serge cut in Russian style Mr.
and Mrs. A. L. Kuy will take up their
residenco at Union liny, wliere their
many friends join in wishing them
much happiness,
A quiet but pretty wedding look
place in the English Churrh at Courtenay on Wednesday, August. 8rd,
inst., when Hov. Willainar united III
holy bonds of matrimony Miss Nellie
Km I, only daughter of Mr. anil Mrs.
John Bad, of Union liny, to Mr Alfred Ilolstiom, also of Union Hay.
The bride was prettily gowned iu white
Mrs. Macdonald, of Co
mox.died at her home
last Saturday.
Another pioneer of the district, in
I he person of Mrs Dulenu Mucdouahl,
pnssed nwny on Sunday last,
The late Mrs. MaOOonald, who was
bbe wife of (In .rgu Macdonald, owner
of ibe Kik Motel, Comox, has been il
for aome time uf cancer, to which she
succumbed at the age of (i-l.
Besides her husband, she leaves
seven daughters, Mrs. ,1. Hnird, of
Cumberland; Mrs. Smith, of Denniuu
Island; Mis. Richardson, of Van-
coiivpi ; Mrs. Oreenslrelds, Nanaimo,
Mrs. J. Hay and the Misses Maud und
Jessie Mticdi'iiald of Comox.
The funeral look place on Tuesday al
'2 p. in. service heing conducted hy the
Hev. Mr. Miinzies, of Sandwick.
The casket was covered with a profusion of beautiful flowers, which bore
witness to the esteem iu which the
lady was held io thc community.
cashmere with white satin ribbon trimmings, witli a large white picture hat
to match, nnd was assisted by her
cousin, Miss Lizzie Musi hump, who
looked very charming in a white princess dress with large lingerie hat to
iiiatch ; while Mr, Chas. Hird assisted
the groom. The happy couple will
take up tlieir residence at Union Bay.
Their mnny friends wisli them mucl.
The ba-eball team are giving a
dance in Humphrey's Hall on Friday
evening. Aug. 12th. A pleasant evening is anticipated, The local orchestra
will furnish the music.
Miss Owen, of Victoria, is the guest
of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Riley.
A bush lire near McLaughlin's
farm, at Kanny Hay, litis been keeping
the local linemen rather busy these
last few days.
Miss Carrie Brown entertained a
number of her young friends on Thursday afternoon, in honor of her 12th
Mrs. T. A. L. .Smith, of Hornby
Island, was the guest of Mr. and Mrs.
Oeo. Hoe for a few days, returning
home on Wednesday.
Mrs. Thus. Jones, of Extension, is
the guest of Mrs. Fulcher.
Miss Cledia Drew returned home
uu Sunday, after spending a holiday
'.vith friends at Seat tie and Vancouver.
Mr. 'Robert Abrams returned on
Saturday's boat, after spending a few
weeks holiday away.
Mis. A. L. Bay entertained to
afternoon leu on Wednesday, at lier
iionie at Macknyville. Those present
were inrs. Bishop, Mrs. Strand, .Mrs.
T. L. Hay, Miss Gantlet, Miss Gilli'
laud, Miss Camsusa, Miss Craft, and
Miss M. L. Hay.
Mr Oeorge Hoe left on Wednesday
morning fur Seattle, whero he took
with him two Chinese deserters be-
lungiiig S.S. Quito, which took on
bunkers here last week.
Mrs. I). Kenwick rciurndd home on
Tuesday's boat, alter spending a vnca-
liun at Naiiainio. Her sister, Mrs.
•I litis uiToiiqiiiuied her to spond a
visit here.
Miss Camsusa and miss Craft, of
Victoria, ate gue-ls at the Nelson
Hotel, Tbey return home on Satur
■ lay.
Captain Johnson, of S.s. Manhattan,
entertained a few frluuds to ufteruoon
'en uu Tuesday afternoon,
S.S. Venture called oo Wednesday
evening fur bunkers, and oleared fur
S S. Manhattan is taking ou cargu of
SI. Dennis called on Thursday fur
bunkers and proceeded to Vancouver.
Fina^ will probably be
played off next
Owing to the fiict tlmt «eveml of
the content lints in the locul Lawn Ten
runtounutnie.itfound it impossible toht-
present nt the court on Tuesday lust,
but slow progress tow ii id the final
round was nunio thim week.
A determined efiort, however, to
have the remaining matches decided
during the coming week will bt: made.
and it in probable that any match un
tinhdicd ou Tuesday will be decided on
Thursday afternoon.
Miss Brown, during the nf ternoon
on Tuesday, served a very dainty tea
to about twenty-five guests, who wit
nessed two very evenly eontesed
3n the Lndies' Singles Mrs. George
Koe sufiercd defeat at the hands ot
Miss Brown, after three exciting sets,
4_6, G-4, 6-4.
In tbe Genileuiens Singles, Dr Gillespie won his way to the semi-final
ound by beating Mr. George Koe,
6-2, 6—2.
Denman Island,
Mr. Go■■ Donne hns opened up a log
ning camp on the claims of Lester W.
Davis & Co.
Tho logs will hi* put in a small lako
whloh In** ahoutthu centre of tho Island,
•nd on which a null wan orioted about
three years tgu by Mr. R .burt Graham
Hie null whs operated only for a shorl
timo, Mr Graham disposing of bin int-
'•rests m the prsetit owner, i Lester W.
Davis & Co. ul Vancouver.
Mr. S. J. Duuiai-e. i|, uf 1> mn ni Island
Stone Co. went down to V ne uvui
yeiierday morning mi a busbies trip,
in connection with the sale nf certain
ibnber limits lmiuorly ...Mud In lilm
Tlm bolt of timber recently disposed of
by Mr. Diimarea.j in Inflated near lhe
north end of Vnuuuuvet   Island.
To the Editor islander.
Bi*,—Permit me, in reply to mud nge
■i the Cum be. land Midnight Philosopher,
hat appeared iu your issue of 23rd
July, to submit to your readers the fui-
lowing (acts as part of'the woik at-
diupted and carried out by the Develop
ment League, as au answer to the excited
philosopher, whose item on the league
was not even founded upon fact, but
pure, unadulterated fiction.
lhe league does not own a megaphone
it edit a newspaper, and, until your ad
veil', had very little press uotice, 01
more of its accomplishments would havi
(Ouu manifest.
However, it is well known that itt
members are a modest crowd, who ptefei
■ii do good work quietly, and like tin
lesert rose, "blush unseen," aud if theii
hest effort* are misrepresented ou tht
itif.vt air of Cumberland, are supporteo
i> the knowledge that they have spent
heir time endeavoring to du iho work
•f the league tu the best of their ability,
iioing sensible that it the Arch Angei
'.I briel came down to this city with t.
-p-cndly pre) and program, thete art
th<>se wlm would demand tu know if ht
•wned a house and lot, and was properlj
registered un the voter* list.
The following are ihe must important
.natters taken up :—
l»t. The league tunk up the matter ol
charges vith the Telephone Co., and sue-
.; edtad iu having them adjusted.
2nd. They took up tho matttr of th<
improvement of the R -y R ad with th*
Government, which w»s partly carriei
out last year, and ia being continued this.
3rd. Thoy also obtained a verj
jeuemus concession fr tu the maiiagi i
■f tho Wellington Colliery Co. to clear »
Apace un the beach of Ouuiox Lake, at
the head of the new road, to be used as it
pic-uic ground especially for the mot hei t
oid children of Cumberland, aud haw
•ince had this valuable outlet fully au<-
kindly continued by Mr. Coulson, oi
behalf of  he Dunsmuir Colliery Co.
4th. The leauue in now eudeavntiii|>
in ai range to «et this space cleared of
-tump* ami !• ga, Ac, which it trusta wih
be done io the near futme.
6<h. At the riquetit of the leagu*.
vory ablyassiaied by Air. Manaou, M P I',
rhe Ooverumetit has promised tn survey
a trail from Cumberland to Dove Creek
Tin* road will open up considerable ugri
cultural Und, and will shorten the did
rai.ee some *tx miles, allowing the pn
sent settlers to eaiuly reach iho uity, tii d
a toady market foi their pr« duce, aim
supply their own requirements from tin
Cumberland stores, This very Import an i
matter has heen in progress for sunn
two vo months, at tho request uf the
present resident* nf that district.
(I h The leauue went Into the mattet
uf a deed b>r (he pubbo park, some IJ
>tcres k unity donated hy lion. J mm* '
Diiiism ir, loiiml that as a-nn a< a coin
liodni'Viy was m ide the deed would he
handed to the CityC iiuicil. That survey
ihu oouncll si cured, aud if 'hey have not
seoured the deed will soon do so.
7, I' isduu iu the act tun i f iheleagiu
that the overland mail has not been dn-
continued, the postal authorities havitiv
twice approached them nu thia matter,
suggest iug that the contract be cancelled,
hut the lei'guo urged that more facilities
were needed, and until better arrange
meiits were made it was unwise to accede
to their request. They have a'so se
cured thu co-operation of the Victoria
Board of Trade and the support of the
Victoria Colonist and Uon, Mr. Tempi*
man in 'his matter.
8 The leauue took op, with Mr.
Manson, M P P., that most impoitai I
in i1 tor ot rehiHsmg agricultural land*
found In he held under timber loaaen,
with the result that he got a clause em-
bud led in the new timber lease* act,
with the result, that somo thousands ol
acres in lho northern part of tho Island
are now open fur settlemunt upon appu-
Jos.   Blairdona   meets
suddeii death in mine
On Saturday  night,  about 9   o'clock,
•i fatal accident incurred at No. 7 Mine,
ho victim boi' g Joseph BUirduna.
He was working in a level, and ignited
his fuse to lire a shot.    Ho retired a dia
ranee to wait until it went < IV After ■•
ime he heard a shot goitu otf which In
h ught was hi", but whuh happened t<
e*nuther, hied in   the adjoining plan
o died the counter. On uoing back t*
>is place with pirk in hand, his shot
vent off, the piok hitting him in tht
iead.      He died about   thirty   minute-
The deceased  was  a  native  of Italy,
being only two mouths back from a tri)
o his home, where he leaves a wife and
two children.
The  funeral   took   place on  Monday.
-tnd  was one of the largest ever seen n
Cumberland, the mines being cloned to
■liable a large number uf employees to
pay their last  respeuis  to one ot  their
Rev   Father   Mer'en*  conducted   the
funeral services, while undertaker Batiks
bad charge of the funeral arrangements.
nation to the Government.
9. At uur last imoting we applied t>
the game waiden, Mr. Byron Williams,
fur a share of the game birds the Govern
ment have imported for tur ing down al
various points, tu which we expect a
satisfactory reply, as tho president, some
ume ago, made a preliminary rt quest, to
which a hopeful reply was given ; and
ihu le-.gue trusts that every true sports
man will constitute hansel an hoiiuraty
iiame warden tu couaerve them during
the close season ordered by the Government, which includes this district, until
hoy increase sufficiently to provide sport
fur all. We also asked that a paid war
den be appointed.
10th. Amongst the important matters that tbe league has takeu up but
which,   as  yet,    has not   materialised,
hough we hope they will eventually
lurcued, i* the establishment of sn express office; also the formation of s
Y.M.C.A.    On this a good dual of thought
old time waa expended a* to way* and
■iieaiis, Mr, Colin Campbell getting   up
dans of the proposed building, witli tht
'esuit that the parent association hn*
promised tu Bend one uf tho ufhcials t>
luok over tho ground.
The league is always open tu sugges
uons which are in the interests of th-
oity ur district, and auy such will receive its beBt conaideratiun and suppoi'
<t all times. The material and mural
iupport of Cumbeiland generally wuulu
• natorially assist in the development ol
Mie city and  district  to the advatitagi
»f all concerntd.
CUM.lKKI.ANn Sai;k.
The other evening, as I was waiting fo
ihe mail, 1 fell into a brown study. A
irown study is not caused by feeling >
lark brown taste in the muuth, itis rattiei
produced hy a tedious wait, such as w.
•lways havo on tho mail nights t'gethei
*ith a certain amount uf coal dust uiixei
* ith about 80 degrees of heat. Well, ai^
iow I have got i. to a brown study, am
I got thinking and trying to fathom th*
ntents aud purpose* of the people coning lo the post nlliee uu mail nights,
ilere is an u d man cominif, who looks n
itt lo worried, lt seems to mo ho is ex
looting a letter from a sou down iu tb
S'ates, anil wondering if there will be h
oply to Ium last letter, which inclosed a
I'. O. for $-'o. Ves, he has gut a reply,
llis sou Ims not gut a job yet, but he ex
iwcts iu ft day or two, etc.,  cc.   It is*
nod job that tho Id man did not see hi
'ink when ho wrote tha hi a pun) room,
if ter redeeming a few I. 0. IV wuh th*
*.-o.ou    Here is a handsome gal    ye«,
In re a e a few of them in CumhnU- i
—yes, she expects a reply to her Hrs' low-
letter. She trios to he Indifferent, hm
-he ia nervous and    fidgety, aud   tryiti).
o make imt toiler ch ms that she is ex
peeling an Efttoii'i* Catalogue. Hero is ai.
other man * ho has been bit with ttie wood
nip proposition, and stung iu tho wire
in* fake, and ho looks as il the mail «m
• calamity b inger. Hero is anothor lad)
■Sho has a fow dollars <u spend, ami o
eager tn see if BtLon'l Cu'ftlugue nH'en
better inducements than ihe local mer-
olifthts, Judg'tig trom the cut of her fnct
aao has stacked ihe cards, wilh Elton's
lirsi draw. Here is a young Englishman.
who looks as if his clothes were cut by
he governess his father employed, but
uever paid. Expects to 'ear from 'ume.
Chore is a Hcmcsmatt with, a dial ct at-
tiroad a* tho Firth of Clyde. Now heV
liajipy. He has got his Scottish Referee
and i he Glasgow weekly mail. Well they
tre gone home, some happy, some disap-
puiuteii ; many indfferent 1 will be
« ing mjseif. Yos, 1 have got my letter.
it calls me out. to tho wood* and rivers,
when for a week or two I'll foel tli*
mountain air blow through my whisker*
Farewell dullcaru for a few short day*.
All things have an end. I spent m>
few short days in wood aud btream, saw
the uloam of tho trout and the splash ol
the sal mun, and heard tho music of the
pines and Hrs, the deep sullen roar uf the
Pire    Fighters   spend
merry   evening   at
Waverley Hotel.
The bampiet given by the Firemen in
he Waverley Hotel, on M >nday evening,
vas a decided success.
Itopemd with the National Anthem.
Mayor Macdonald occupied the chair,
nd after the tiiemen and their guests,
.bout forty iu all, had partaken of a
umptuuua rep'Bt, recitations and music,
ooal and instrumental, was rendered by
'he following capable artists : — Song,
••Queen of the Earth," Dave R berts ;
eoitation, ** How to I'se a Dtck of Cards
ror a Bible," Wm. Kettle; encore, "The
Face on the Barroom Floor"; song,
■' Who's Kissing Her Now ." T. Hudson;
■moore, '* Don't Wear Your Heart on
If our Shoulder."
Hugh Bates caused screams of laughter
by singing "My Wife's Gone to the
Country." Needless to say, Hughie was
oudly applauded, Un being encored he
aug an old favorite, "The Old Bed>
Messrs Pearson and R iherts then
tang a beautiful duet, '* Flow Gently,"
L n Piket, by special request, sang,
"Tho Preacher aud the Boar. '
Rid Harris was next called, and after
•mtertaiiiiug for some time with Irish
wit, he sang a most comical song, en-
itied, "Turn Ovor"; encored, he sang
*' Mrs. O'Flaherty."
Mr. Stanhuuse then gave a very sentimental recitation, entitled, '' I Promised
Mother 'Fore She Died," followed by a
humorous recitation in Scotch dialect,
entitled, "The Broken Bond."
The following toasts were proposed
tnd drunk:—The King ; The United
States, responded to by Judge Abrams ;
The Press, responded to by Messrs. Weir
and McNiel ; The City of Cumberland,
responded to by Mayor Macdonald ; The
Fire Company, responded to by Chief
Bruce aud Assistant Chief Banks.
The captains of No's. 1 and U teams
spoke in glowing terms of their respective
The Ladies, responded to by Jas.
Grant.   Canada and the Maple Leaf.
After drinking to host and hostess, the
banquet came tu a close, by all joining
hands and singing " Auld Lang Syne."
The ti emeu are to bo congratulated on
the first-class manner in which every de-
■nil of the banquet wan i.ft'ried nut.
jataraet and the whispering of the night,
nnl slept beneath the canopy of heaven
Hummed with its countless points of light
oid watched them roll onamid the silenece
f eteriii'y. It is in such moments
hat all things melt, and man feels his
•rotherhood with all above aud below
But enough.
1 see the Development League has bit.
I fully expected they would. They
jould not Nee 1 was drawing the badger.
1 await Mr. Shaw's reply »iih impatience.
It wlll be a masterpiece—as it shuuld
•ie—from one who communicates with
premiers, statesmen and rrowned heads.
I see there is au endeav r to ur^anizd
i Citizens League. Cumberland is thu
birth and death place of many gigantic
L-humuB and organizations. Jt is nut tho
fault uf the schemes, so much as it is the
iaok of good organixurs with the noces-
ary magnetism tu hold the members.
fins, together with the fact that wu
ii-tve no uue whu can talk in public to
onoiiut to anything. Somebody should
tart a debating club. Since Mr. Camp*
boll has left town there is nobody left
who will aigue fur arguments sake, or
one who is quick to seu a debatable
point, or who i» thoroughly posted in thu
rules ttf debate and procedure. I have
oover beard Mr. Campbell speak, but I
know that he was useful, and informed
otiouuh to make it interest ing for anyone
who cared Ui brush up against him. It
is, nevertheless true, that a league of this
mrt is needed. More especially is it required iu that lately there are some people who have dono this town au injury,
md at times they are trying to develop
ihe island or tlm universe, together with
he planet Mar* ; in fact everything out
•ub* i.f themselves, and nothing b low the
bat. I ruler to mme oflicious individual*
who haw* pin themselves needlessly out
f their way to prohibit tbo people uf
Cumberland from using the accursed tim-
lerlym.' around for tiro wood,and also tax-
tig the people fur gravel which is tu be
ised in Unhung and beautifying purposes.
The object of tins can easily be imagined.
It reminds me of a boy giving peanuts
to au i lephant. The boy gets little satisfaction, and the elephant more trouble
than nourishment. Don't feed peanuts
co an elephant ; if you can't give it a
bile of hay nevermind the small straw*.
At heat, the most you will get in return
is a shakoof its diminutive tail, and you
un the tisk of being trampled to death
immediftiely afterwards, (tot back the
privileges of cutting wood and free
une of (travel in the lii st place, mid keep
Mich otliciuUH individuals uut uf the associ-
The Rev R Wilkinson of Ladysmith,
* former pastor of the Metlndist Church
of this place, was an incoming passenger
on Tuesday uveiiiuu'a train, Mr*. * ilk-
inson accompanied hur husband, They
are the guests of Mis. Bicklo. Mr and
Mrs. Wilkinson have many friends in town
«ho areulad toseothem. Mr. Wilkinson
has lately been elected Chairman of tho
Nanaimo District. It is an honor hoh«a
earned by many years of faithful work ou
this aud adjacent Held*. He will occupy
the pulpit uf his old church to-morrow, T1U. ISLAtNDEtt, Cl'MWiliLAM), Ll.C.
A New Element in  War
(From the London Daily Mail)
blOK some time past those who bave|ibles or aeroplanes will at once revolu-
'     been iu touch with the progress of   t ionize war, either by laud or sea, but
airmanship   have  been  trying  to j the progress  iu  airmanship  will  very
impress upon the British government
the importance ut' seriously considering
the new problems that will he introduced into military operations by the
coming of the dirigible ami the aeroplane, i
lt is only two years ago that the
total sum of money voted hy Parliament
for the whole of the aerial operations
of tho army, including dirigibles, balloons, and experiments with aeroplanes,
was under £10,000, whereas two years
ago Germany, the most scientific and
most highly organized military Power iu
Europe, was spending upwards of £S00,-
000 a year aud France over £300,000.
With our customary Insular disdain of
all scientific inventions and ignorances
of the progress made by other nations,
both the govern meat aud the people ot
this country were quite content to see
foreign nations forging ahead iu airmanship, merely contenting themselves
with the reflection that, after all, the
Navy was still iu being and that the
value of airships was not yet proved.
As a matter of fact, the time has
now arrived when serious national at
tentiou must be given tu this subject
and though it is true that £100,000 has
beon voted by parliament this year
for airmanship work in connection with
the Army (£71,000) and Navy (£86,000)
this is a much smaller amount than that
spent by uny of the great European
Powers.* On tbe other hand, there is no
reason why we should not be as open
to attack as either France, Germany,
Austria, or Italy, each of whom
spending more than we are on flying
machines. The sea—our security for
ages past against invasion—will shortly cease to be a natural defence, aud
as an island as close to the Continent
as our own, ouly twenty miles dividing
Dover from Cape Gris-Nez, it may be
said that we shall have to consider that
a frontier exists not only with France,
but Germany, Belgium and Holland.
Certainly we aro near enough to make
attacks by means of aerial machines
from those countries not only possible,
but probable, Ln the next war, should
any of them be engaged against us.
To give some Idea of the comparative
ly short way from our shores to some
of the chief'naval and military centres
abroad wo have only to consider the following distances: Dover to Calais, lit
miles; Dover to Motz, SOO miles; Sheer*
ness to Emden, 295 miles; Dover to
Newport (Belgium), 00 miles; Harwich
to Rotterdam (Holland), 101 miles;
Sheerness to the nearest frontier of
Italy, 450 miles; aud from Dover to the
frontier fortress of Austria, 470 miles.
It will he noted that all these distance!*
are under 500 miles, which modern dirigibles can eover at one flight, and he
fore long aeroplane flights of 200 miles
will be common, The lesson is obvious.
It must be admitted, however, that
for the present reconnaissance work
will be the chief use to which dirigibles
and aeroplanes will he put—that is,
finding but the enemy's position, the
dispostion of his forces, and the
strength of tho opposing host. But there
will also bc the use of the aeroplane or
dirigible as the terror which flieth by
day or equally by night. The last new
German dirigible's can carry thirty-four
men, or, alternatively, four men as crew
and a ton and a half of high explosive
material, sufficient to wreck half the
important nerve centres of Loudon ami
create the wildest panic. There are at
the present moment quite a number of
such vessels iu Germany, and a great
many in France as well. It is estimated
that* the number of mittary dirigible
balloons actually in possession of foreign Powers and ready to uso are as follows:
In use    Building
France     II ....     I
Germany 10      8
Austria      I       -
Italy     '2 ....    3
Russia     2 ....    -
Great Britain has two actually constructed and two which arc in process
of construction. As regards aeroplanes
for military use the number in Germany
is not accurately known, but France has
about twenty, Italy six, and the United
States two.
Supposing London were attacked at
the opening of u great war and the government oflices. stock exchange, chief
banks, railway stations, and means of
communication were wrecked, such a
blow nt the very heart of the Kmpire
would be like paralyzing tho nerves of
a strong man with a soporific heforo '.o
had to fight for his llfo, The muscular
force would remain, but the brains
would he powerless to direct. Without
easy communication by rail, road, or
wire, and with a financial panic. Oreat
Britain would full an easy prey lo the
enemy, Nor can mobile artillery be said
to give any security agaiust such a raid,
for thc speed of aerial vessels already
precludes the swiftest motor car from
following them effectively, oven if the
motor is unencumbered wilh guns and
is merely a racing car; hut to think if
rushing a gun throwing a 2 inch shell,
or even a shell of 1-inch diameter, at
high BpoodB along our twisting highways
on a motor car is thoroughly unpractical.
It is therefore clear that the policy
of our country should be that of build*
ing both military and naval dirigibles
and aeroplanes of its own. The aerial
section of the Royal Engineers and the
Royal Navy should be at onco enlarged
ami reinforced by the addition of extra men and material.
To como to practical suggestions,
there is no doubt, for instance, that the
possession of, say. one hundred Purmau
or Short-Wright biplanes would add materially to the efficiency of au array lal
the field, for these would lie aide to glvo
accurate loformatlon to iis commander
as to tin; enemy's movomonts.
All attach would bo possible by means
of both dirigibles and aeroplanes upon
a sleeping camp or au enemy landing
ou a shore or advancing over open coun
try. Explosive bombs dropped from a
dirigible would create Immense uneasiness anil tend to demoralize au army
both by night and day, Proximity to
home would give our military air force
great advantage as against an attacking
Of course, no one who has studied the
subject proteildS thai the military dirig
shortly modify tho tactics of commanders of armies and make war more terrible iu every sense. Hitherto soldiers
necessarily tied to the earth on both
sides have felt at least the sky above
safe, except from dropping shells. But
in future attacks may possibly come not
only from a horizontal dircctiou but
from overhead, und the eyes of the
soldier, InstO'td of being always directed
towards the horizon, will have also to
be directed upwards.
The most important effect upon this
country will be the coming decrease of
the advantages which we now derive
from our insular position. It will, however, he some years yet before navies
are useless and armies of no avail. The
development will be gradual, but the dominion of the air will supersede the
dominion of the sea iu order of importance, aud it will go hard with the nation
which now prides itself ou sea supremacy if it relics ou battleships alone.
TOMBSTONES are not infrequently
employed In different parts of
Kngland for paving purposes.
Some four or five years ago the inhabitants of Belvoir bitterly protester
against the use of such material In the
construction of a road leading to the
parish church, despite the assurances
of the local authorities that with the
liberal supply of old and broken gravestones at their disposal tho plan had
been adopted with a view to saving the
taxpayers quite a sum.
In Lyons, France, the celebrated Rue
de la Republique is paved with glass
blocks eight inches square, which have
been so precisely fitted together as to
make them absolutely water-tight. Compressed grass, it is claimed, has been
used iu the construction of pavements
iu German towns aud with admirable
results, and in Russia compressed paper
ants ef Kdward IV., Heary VII., ot
Kngland, aad James III., of Scotland,
have been traced. This investigation
has shown that almost every Christian
monarch of Kurope figures in the list
with many of the European nobility, together with a host of Smiths, Browns,
and Robinsons, Some years ago a descendant of the Plantagenets was found
plying his trade—that of a chimney
sweep—under the name of Plant.
Princess Louise of Bavaria was plac
ed first on the list, and eveu the DuKe
of Devonshire, whose number was three
thousand six hundred and fifty-three,
stood ahead of King Edward by reason
of the fact that he wus a descendant
of Henry VIL, in the sixteenth generation, through Mary Tudor.
Veterans   in   Canada   are   Organizing
National Association
Throughout Central and Western
Canada it is estimated thut there are
fully four to five thousand ex-soldiers—
veterans of Britain's uud Canada's
wars. Iu order to reach this great
body of men the aid of this paper hus
beon asked, so that everyone who hus
ever served Great Britain or its Colonies may know of the proposed formation of a National Veterans' Association, and that all veterans ure eligible
to join free of all charge whatsoever.
This proposed organization is entirely
independent of, but expect to work iii
harmony with any existing locul veterans' organizations,
Elaborate preparations are to bc
mude for a Grand Re-union in a year
or two when the organization will be
completed. Some of the best and most
prominent men in the West are supporting tbis movement and a full list
of veterans will be published later on.
Anyone knowing any ex-soldiers or
The secretary, who is acting protein,
for the purposes of organization, is
veterans are requested to ask them to
send their name aud full address, (as
well as the corps they served with) to
the Secretary. Organization Committee
Veteran's Brigade, 1S3 Walnut street,
Winnipeg, Man.
A large number of names are already
enrolled on the "Roll of Honor,"
among them being veterans of the
Crimea, Indian Mutiny, Frontier Wars,
Chinese War, South African Wars, Fenian Raids of 1S6G and 1S70, Wolselev
of them are obtaining very satisfactory
More recently thc Nova Scotian authorities have made a determined effort
to divert some of the emigrants from
Kngland to there. Year by yeur since
l!)07 Increasing numbers have beeu
brought in, the total of new settlers Inst
year reaching well over five thousand.
This year tl'o migration wilt surpass all
records; the authorities claim that ji
new comer can obtain settled farms with
established orchards at the rate that will
yield from li) to 40 per cent, on the capital invested. Fruit farming and dairy
farming are being encouraged in every
way by tho government.
Oil Empire Day the Grand Trunk Railway opened at its headquarters in Coek-
spur Street, Trafalgar Square, a public
rendezvous that should prove of reul
value to all interested iu Canadian at'
fairs. There is a handsome reading
room on the first floor, open free to nil,
with facilities for writing letters, uud
with files of Canadian papers on view.
Canadian visitors are invited to make
the place their centre when in Europe,
and to have their letters directed thore.
In addition there is a department for
supplying commercial ami general information about Canada. Inquiries will be
welcomed from business men desiring
Canadian trade or investors looking for
opportunities in land investment.
Settlement in the Moose Jaw district
continues ou an unexampled scale, aud
iu consequence of additional lands to
the south-east having been surveyed,
hat part of the district is filling up very
rapidly. The influx of Americans is
especially noticeable, and altogether the
class of Immigrants coming into the district augurs well for the future. The
town of Moose Jaw is authorizing the
construction of a system of street cars
vlthln that city, ami with respect to this
proposal it may be pointed out that
Moose Jaw is the first town iu the province of Saskatchewan to undertake such
a project.
Building in Montreal is very active
this year, and the Builders' Exchange
states that all previous records of that
city will probably be exceeded. Including the operations projected by the C.
P. R. to the extent of £1,200,000, there
are now about £2,400,000 worth of railroad, departmental stores, and other
business and public buildings being
started, under way, or completed. Blocks
of dwellings containing a thousand flats
has bcen utilized for a similar purpose.
Many interesting instances of individual eccentricity or extravagance in the
selection of material for paving streets
and roads may be cited. It is related
that when Maximilian Emanuel succeeded to the throne of Bavaria he celebrated the event by causing oue of the
roads leading to his palace to be paved
with plates of burnished copper. This,
gicaniiug in the sunshine, gave all the
effect of the more precious metal—gold.
Wo are told also tbat Louis XIV. paved one of the courts at Versailles with
squares of silver, each of which had recorded upon it some triumph of the
French arms. In the centre of the
court stood a large tablet of gold in
representation of tho luxurious monarch's favorite emblem, the sun. Memoirs of tho time of Louis make mention
of a lodge erected to the love of his
youth, the fair Louise de la Valliere.
The approach was paved with mirrors
wherein was painted an allegory setting
forth tho undying devotion of the King
lo Louise,
An eccentric nobleman of Milan conceived the idea of paving the courtyard
of his palace with slabs of marble, granite, and other stone, each from a differ
ont laud. It is said that Kurope, America, Asi.i, Africa, and Australia all
contributed materials to make up this
quaint mosaic composed of more than
one thousand pieces, every one of which
was suitably inscribed with the name
of the country or stnte whence it came.
Perhaps the most gruesome of all
pavements is that at Gwundii, in West
Africa, iu the making of which, it is
said, more than twelve thousand human
skulls were utilized. Gwiuiilu, oval in
shape, is said to be girdled hy a ring of
lofty poles, on the summit of each of
which is placed a skull. There aro, too,
six gates, led up to each by a pavement
of skulls, which, by reason of the constant, friction to which it has heen subjected, has taken on a polish like that
of old Ivory,
rpHBRB are living in Great Britain
X today some thousands of persons
of royal lineage, two or three
thousand of whom have by right of descent a better title to tho throne than
has King George. It is proper to add,
however, that for these persons an obstacle in the way of their putting iu a
claim exists in tho shape of au Act of
Settlement of 1701, which fixed the sue
cession on the descendants of Sophia of
Hanover, granddaughter of James T.
As many as possible of the descend
Expedition, Nile Voyageurs, British
Colonial Wars, North-West Rebellion of
1885, etc., etc.
If you have ever been in regular or
active service send in your name now.
(From the Daily Mail)
THE most remarkable feature in Canadian life today is not the rise of
the new West, but the revival of
prosperity in the East. It seemed for a
iong time to be taken for granted that
all hope lay west of the Great Lakes.
What do we see today. Montreal is advancing rapidly in population, in wealth,
and in commercial importance, and her
citizens look forward to the day when
she may yet challenge the trade eveu of
New Vork. in Southern Ontario, while
agriculture has suffered from u shortage
of population, there has been an amazing growth of manufacturing activity.
Hundreds of great factories, covering almost every major phase of production.
have arisen during tho past two years,
and hundreds more are in contemplation.
fn Northern Ontario the discovery of
precious minerals iu large quantities lias
transformed what was u rocky wilderness into a treasure land. Ontario was
never hetter off than today, and within
a generation may bo one of the great
manufacturing centres of the world.
Nova Scotia has reawakened to industrial life. For a generation this peuin
sular province apparently drifted into
the backwaters. Other industries declined, and new ones did not arise to
lake tlieir place, The first great stir
nine when Mr. Whitney, the well-known
Amorlcan financier, began to develop
the Nova Scotian coal. Then followed
the start of the steel works at Sydney.
The first steps in the development of
the steel industry may have been marked by needlessly elaborate plant. Tho
faults of the beginning have, however,
boon largely romodod.
The result of the start of the new Industries was very striking. There came
a demand for labor In a province where
up to then lahor had been little in demand. Everyone began to set about
fresh enterprises. Nova Scotia had received the big push forward that it
needed, and is now moving rapidly
along. "1 cannot understand," writes
oue correspondent recently from Halifax, "why people from tiie Old Country pass through this province without
a glance and go west thousands of miles.
There is ubouinlanl, call for labor here,
and there arc many openings for capital,
Our capital is teeming with opportunities, uud many men who arc laying hold
are being built iu the north end of the
city, while unusual activity prevails in
all the suburbs iu building houses and
flats, of which there has for some time
been a scarcity in the city. The larger
works were mostly projected last year,
Imt during thc first four months of the
present vear permits to tho extent of
£titi0,000 were issued, being £300,000 in
excess of the figures for the same period
Tho Emigration Conference called together under the auspices of the Royal
Colonial Institute will meet shortly. One
of the questions to be discussed is that
of diverting as much as possible the
stream of emigration that now goes outside thc Empire. How great thai stream
is may he judged by the fact that in
1800, while nearly'110,000 emigrants
went from the Knifed Kingdom to the
United States, only between 85,000 und
80,000 went to Canada, while 87,000
went lo Australia and New Zealand aud
22,000 to South Africa. The whole quos
tlon of emigration is to he discussed at
the conference, and the question is to be
raised as to whether some measure of cooperation could not be adopted by the
vurious emigration societies iu order to
render the work more effective aud to
avoid the overlapping, lt is also proposed to discuss the question of requesting the Imperial Government to call a
subsidiary conference with a view to
the formulation of proposals for submission to the Imperial Conference of
1911. In order to have some data to go
upon, sets of questions have been sent
Out to various societies interested, und
their opinions asked. The conference
should, therefore, he able to put forward
some vory useful fucts and make valuable suggestions as to the future of
The following cablegram, received hy
the High Commissioner from the Minister of the Interior at Ottawa, summarises recent progress. The curt details reveal general and substantial national   advance:
1, Building operations iu twenty Canadian cities during March last amounted to £1,800,000, as ngainst £1,000,000 in
March, 1000. Winnipeg building for
tho first four months of the vear is valued at £1,100,000. 2. The'population
of Princo Rupert. B.C., terminus of tho
Grand Trunk Railway, was 2,000 Inst
September. It lias uow Increased to
5,000. 8. Canadian banks are increasing their capital to the extent of £11,400,-
000 to meet the expansion iu business.
4. The Canadian Northern Railway Co.
is planning the construction of 000 miles
of railway In Western Canada this year.
5, Tho  Canadian  Pacific Railwny  Is
ploughing 100,000 acres of irrigated
land. 0. Contracts have been let for
seventeen new elevators in Saskatche-
van along the line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. 7. The exports from thc
port of St. J ohn, New Brunswick,
amounted to £4,900,000 during the past
winter season.
(By Archibald Marshall)
N the weekly performance of
the play is over aud the crowds
of strangers who have thronged
the village huve mostly departed, Ober-
Auunerguu settles down  again  to its
ordinary workaday life.
It is a fascinating place. One culls
it a village because it is impossible to
think of it us a town, in spite of its
1,0")y Inhabitants, It seems to be built
uny how, and although I havo been walking about it for nearly a week I hardly
yet kuow where 1 am* if 1 lose sight of
certain well-known landmarks. The
houses are white, with deep-browed red
roofs. Many of them ure gaily painted,
not ouly us to their woodwork and
with quaint devices round windows aud
doors, but with pictures, sacred or pro-
fune, uud oue of them has the whole of
its wull space decorated in this way
with frescoes done a hundred years ago
by a great master in the art. The tortuous streets ure full of little shops and
some big ones, in most of which carvings are displuyed for sale, und in this
festival year there arc temporary booths
besides, for the sale of postcards or
other things thut the modern traveller
has ueed of. The rocky mountains,
clothed with darker pines and still in
part snow-covered, rise on either side,
and ou tho summit of thc highest peak
is un enormous wooden cross so far
above you that it looks as if it were
mude of matchwood.
As you walk about the streets und the
country rouds almost everyone you meet
hails you with a "Gruss Gott!" and the
men und boys raise their green, feathered huts. They are the most courteous
and gentle-mannered people 1 have ever
met, and I think the most truly religious. You soon get used to the long
hair of the men, eveu wheu you see it
on the road-sweepers. This morning I
passed Barabbas swecpiug a road as
I walkod out into the country. He was
smoking a loug china pipe, aud he looked up, took off his hat, ami gavo me his
'Gruss Gott!" with the mildest expression. The true Ober-Aininergauer never
cuts his hair. Wheu the Passion Play
was interrrupted in 1S70 by the Franco-
Prussian war, those who were liable for
military service had to go, but they
were allowed to keep their hair long.
Nineteen of those who were to have
taken part iu the Passion Play never
came back.
It is worth while staying in Ober-Am
morgan for a day or two before or after
a performance! if only to see the players
goiiijj about their daily work. You re
cognize a girl who serves you in a sho|i
—a smiling German frauleiti with her
fair hair neatly plaited—as one of the
sweet singers in the choir of "Guardian
Angels," when she wore a robe of gold
and purple over her white, girdled garment, and her hair foil from beneath
her crown to below her waist. Au
urchin paddling in the mud outside the
school house stood with arms outstretched for full two minutes it* oue oft the
tableaux and uever stirred. At th.
blacksmith's forge a man with a noble
classical face and grey hair and heard
is shoeing a horse. Yesterday he was
for the third time leader of the chorus,
a kingly figure iu gold crown and scarlet robe, with a fine voice and a splendid
dignity of bearing. Everywhere you
meet familiar faces, for during the long
hours of the performance they huve
stamped themselves In your memory;
only it is sometimes a little difficult at
first to recognize in their work-stained
clothes the richly garbed, impressive figures of the play.
I was takeu to the house of Johanu
2 win It, and we were shown into u
brightly painted room with an old porcelain stove in the comer, prepared for
the accommodation of expected visitors.
A sweet faced young girl who had opened the door to*us talked with us for a
little, and then she suid she would go
I'lid fetch her father. She was Ottilie
Zwlnk, who takes the part of Mury, the
Mother of Jesus. She IS not yet twenty,
but she is already spoken of as one of
the best representatives of her difficult
part that the play has ever had. She is
the Mater Dolorosa, her voice full of
piercing sorrow and her eyes of tears.
Presently her father caiee in, a grey-
haired man with a kindly, somewhat
pathetic face. He is a house painter,
and he apologized for the state of his
working clothes. He has gone through
many troubles, and only a week or two
ago lost his eldest sou, who had been a
hopeless invalid for ten years. He had
been the Isaac iu the tableaux of 1000,
and it is'said that he luul contracted
the rheumatic fever from which he died
by sleeping on damp hay, when all the
beds in his father's house were given up
to the visitors.
As a young man .loliauu /wink twice
played the part of the Apostle John, llc
played it when King Edward saw the
Passion Play, as Prime of Wales, in
1880. This year, for the third time, he
i.s taking the part of ,1 tolas.
His is a wonderful performance. He
comes in first with the other disciples
who surround tlieir Master in His triumphal entry into Jerusalem. You would
hardly notice him. lie Is one of the
group. But in the house of Simon, when
the Magdalene anoints the head ami feet
of Christ, he begins to make his mark,
He stares in a puzzled, startled way at
the waste, and grumbles nt it. But
thore is no wickedness apparent in htm
yet. He is the treasurer of the little society, anxious for the morrow.
When he next appears, on the road to
Jerusalem, he seems a little detached
from the rest; his faith in the future Ib
weakening. "But, Master," ho says,
"if Thou art really about to leave us,
make some provision for us. See here,
there is not enough for one day more";
and when he is left alone he makes up
his mind to withdraw. Hu is tired of
hoping uud waiting for glories to come,
and it seems now us if he und his fellows will only be persecuted and thrown
into prison. The dispossessed traders
come upon hiin in this mood aud persuade him to tell where his Master is
to bo found, and so reap the reward
offered by the Sanhedrin. "Thut is no
betrayal,'' he says to himself.
Then we seo him at tho last supper,
sitting wrapped up in his suspicious
thoughts, has back half turned to thc
rest.    Unwillingly, almost snatch ing at
them, he receives the bread aud the
wine, and then the sop, after which he
goes out quickly. When he appears before the Sanhedrin to claim his reward,
the good Nicodemus rebukes him with
hot indignation. He stands trembling,
hut the silver pieces brought iu tempt
him again, and he tests them ia a
greedy, miserly way. His traitor's kiss,
when standing on tiptoe, his whole attitude tense uud feurful, he reaches over
Christ's shoulder and greets Him with
his "Hail, Muster!" is one of the thrilling moments of the play uad cuu never
he forgotten. Afterwards on being told
that the Master he has betrayed is to
die, and his remorse follows quickly, his
throwing down his bag of money before
the priests and rabbis, his lonely bitterness and despair, and the dreadful scene
of his preparing to hang himself iu a
lonely wood.
It was difficult to believe that this
gentle, sad faced man, sitting by the
stove in his splashed clothes, was the
man who had been the living breathing
object of the whole world's cxecrutiou
of the dny before. We asked him if it
saddened hiin to have to step from the
part of the Be.lftved Disciple to thut of
the traitor. "Oh, we must," he said
quietly. "We must take the parts that
are given to us." And he has thrown
himself for more than twenty years into
the part which as much as uny brings
out the meaning of the great religious
play. He sees that this is so, and his
only fear is that at the next performance, iu ten years' time, he will be too
old to take it.
Current Verse
When Susan's work was done she'd sit,
With one fat gluttoriug candle lit,
And window opened wide to win
The sweet night air to enter in;
There, with her   thumb   to   keep   her
She'd read, with old &nd wrinkled face,
Her mild eyes gliding very slow
Across the letters to and fro;
While   wagged   the   guttering  candle-
Iu tho wind that through the window
And sometimes in the sileuce, she
Would mumble a sentence audibly,
Or shake her head, us if to say,
"You silly souls, to act this way I"
And never a sound from night I '*d hear,
Unless some far-off cock crowed clear;
Or her old shuffling thumb should turn
Another page; and rapt and stern,
Through hcr great glasses bent on me
She'd glance into reality;
And shake her round old silvery head,
With—"Y'ou—I  thought   vou   was   in
Only to tilt hor book again,
And rooted in Romance remain.
—Walter de la Mure, in The Spectator
The coatless man puts a careless arm
'Hound the waist of the hatless girl,
While ovor the dustless, mudless roads
In a horseless wagon they whirl.
Like a lcadless bullet from hammerless
By smokeless powder driven,
They fly to taste the speechless joys
By endless union given.
The only luncheon his coinless purse
Affords to them the means
Is a tasteless meal of boneless cod,
With a dish of stringless beans,
He smokes his'old tobaeeoloss pipe,
And laughs a mirthless laugh
When papa tries to coax her back
By wireless telegraph.
Out of the dark, your eyes
Beckoning far and fair,
Under whose laughter gleams      j
A witchery of dreams,
A fantasy of prayer— j
Making new hopes arise \
Out of the dark .  .  . your eyes!   * ,
Out of the storm, your voice .  j
Bidding the sea be still—
Warm with the kindly mirth
And honesty of earth;
Bousing my strength to will,        ',
And struggle, and rejoice
Out of the storm .  .  . your voicel
Out of the world, your heart
Waiting to cull* me home:
A beautiful calm place
Wherein to hide my face
Awhile from flame and foam,
Feeling all pain depart
Out of the world   .   .   .   your heart!
—Brian Hooker, iu Harper's Weekly
Why is it, now, me Nora j
Will niver sphako of Hugh! s
Will niver pass a joke wid him .
The way she used to dot j
Toime was that gurl'd blather
Av Hughic, noon and night!
Now  iv'ry toime he  swings  the gat$
Her face goes stariu' white!
I've spied no row nor ruction;
They met as friend wid friend;
And still, I'm toldt, he walks with her
Beyout the boreeu'n end.
I'vo done mo best hy Nora; .
That gurl's as thrue as day, f
Wid all her big and wistful eyes, ,
Wid all her bashful wuy! " i
But white before me turf-fire
She sits widout a word,
This gnrl av mine who used to sing
As mad ns any bird!
Faith, since she lost hor mother,
I've left that colleen free
To como and go—but toiiiies there are
When men are slow to soe!
For watist I spied her rockin'
And Bobbin' hero, nlono—
Now, cou thero bo somo throublo up
Her mother might've known!
—Arthur Stringer, iu Hampton's
lu Egypt, persons placed under police
supervision, and unable to find the security demanded for future good behavior, uro employed, if thoy so desire,
iu cultivation or other work at a daily;
«. -..i  l-'.-H    If... THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
TAFFETA silk is in fashion once again, as might have been
expected with the revival of tho old time style of gown
with flounces ami meltings, uud there is more than a
hint of the days of the civil war in the taffeta silk gowns
now exhibited as the very latest models. There are so many
different grades in taffeta silk that the selection is not an
easy task. This season tbe softer qualities aud those with a
dull lustre (curious anomaly!) are the smartest. Changeable
effects, even when all one color, are considered to be the
b?st, ami  yet among the plain  there are colorings so ex
yiFV.' _ ..      v. .„__._,___
Coral Pink Silk Oown with Guipure Lace
quisitely soft and becoming that surely nothing else could be
selected, nud the wide rauge of colors that is provided to
choose from permits—iu fact, demands—that what is becoming must decide the question.
"A grey taffeta silk gown with black laco flounces and
black velvet ribbon"—at ouce is brought to the remembrance
the portraits of fifty years ago—the gentlewoman hi her
flounced taffeta, with the flounces uf rare thread laee or taffeta and the bands of black velvet ribbon heading each
flounce aud mil lining the bertha or lichu. Today's rendering
of the same style is much the same. The skirt is narrower,
the flounces arc not so full, hut thut the samo model served
as inspiration cannot be questioned.
Gray, peach color, corn color, ashes of roses, all old fashioned colors, are iu style, and the Chantilly laces lhat were
used for trimming iu the days gone by are once again in high
favor. But the dressmaking of today is a far more subtle art,
and more attention is paid to the individual, so that if a too
full skirt is hopelessly unbecoming the width is most cleverly
manipulated and different, lines are secured by some marvelous manipulation of the material. If the baud of velvet
heading each flounce makes too broad an effect, then hows or
rosettes of velvet ure added to break thc line. Tho lace of
the flounces is most carefully adjusted, made neither too
scaut-iior too full, aud such a transformation as can be and
is wrought by these touches of a skilled hand it is almost tin
possible to realize,
A simple dinner gown, also possible for theatre ami res
tuimiut, is a quaint model made up in dark pink taffeta. Rows
of pull's or wide shirred bauds trim the lower part af the skin,
while the upper part and thc hotly of the waist is of fold afler
fold of the silk drawn tight around thc figure. Around the
equaie cut neck is the softening of a tlat hand of guipure lace,
while there can be, If desired, builds of the same luce iu place
of the shirred bauds or just above the pull's, but there is no
other trimming ou the gown, "Quaint," "picturesque," "old
fashioned" are some of the adjectives applied to this mode)
which is certainly radically different from any of last sea
sou's designs. Tllffota silk evening gowns arc evidently tt
be popular this summer, for another model that has met with
favor is a pate blue one with tint bands of guipure lace edged
with narrow Valenciennes niching. The skirt is full and
wide, gathered Into lhe belt; the waist is pointed back ami
front, tits tight to the figure, and the trimming consists of a
fichu of tho silk trimmed with the niching of V'uloucleiiti
tu match the skirt. A white tatl'etu on the same model, with
bands of shirred chiffon and clusters of tiny pink roses, is
also becoming umi effective.
Crepe tie chine ami ere pon are two materials that for a
short time have been relegated to the background. Crepou,
indeed, has not heen fashionable for a long time, ami, as yet
cauont bo counted an among popular fabrics, but it is to be
noticed In many of the very latest model gowns. Grope de
chine never entirely retires from the field of popular approval,
for it has moro tu recommend it Ihan almost any fabric that
is known. Kor summer the lighter weights are delightfully
comfortable, oven in the hottest wen thor; it clean's aud eveu
launders satisfactorily, ami, while delightfully soft and supple
it still has enough firmness to enable il to he made into skirl
and coat costumes, us well as the Empire gown. Thero are
in crepe de chine many different weaves nud textures, every
color of the riiinhow und many uot associated with it, and
there is a dull and a bright tluisii, so surely any woman can
find whut she likes. The satin finish crepe do chine is ditti-
ciit to distinguish at first glance from the Liberty satin—lhat
is in some of the qualities—but it is the fashion lo combine
the two, and thou the points of contrast are easily discernible.
Most practical for summer is tlio nattier blue crepe tie chine
or silk crepou, made simply autl trimmed either with lace or
with satin the same shade. The popular model for this style
of gown is extremely simple, but so sum it as to make it
noticeable iu a group of more elaborate and complicated costumes. The skirt is qulto unlike any of tho models yet ex
hihited, narrow, but not aggressively scant, with only a bias
fold at the hem; the waist is loose, oil the blouse order, and
yet does not c'ohceul any good lines of the figure, but it is
very plain and very simple. It cuu be made in any color ami
will look well, while it call he elaborated upon if so desired
by the addition of embroidered or lace bunds.
v It is extremely difficult us the season advances to dictate
authoritatively as to what shall or shall uot be worn. Not
only customers hut dress makers antl designers are apparently
gi'o'ping iu the dnrk trying to find some one fashion that eau
be pronounced the one ami only. The leading dressmakers
and tailors speak firmly about the return of the full skirt
ami take orders galore for the narrowest skirt that can be
iiiaile. The waist line must he normal, ami, again, gowns
galore are turned out with the waist line inches higher than
was ever known iu normal anatomy. Heavily trimmed skirts
are obligatory ntid broken lines a feature of the very latest
designs, ho will sny an authority ou dress who iu the same
breath counsels the purchase of a most costly evening gown
whose great beauty lies in the unbroken lines that define to
perfection every line of the figure. Most generally unbecoming are a majority of the present duy styles, so perhaps it iu
the Instinct of the true artist designer warring with her sense
of allegiance to Dame Fashion that makes it all so complicated a problem,
• *   •
A disagreable feature of the newest gown is the length;
an all round skirt, as it is called, must more than touch the
ground all around, and be a trifle longer ut the back. High
heeled slippers are positively essential with these skirts, and
still more essential is the rehearsing of how to walk in them.
The satin or silk lining of the skirt is bo close that it has to
be pulled down after the gown is put on to prevent any
wrinkles or folds, for they would show through the double or
triple thickness of any of tbe transparent materials or even
under a foulard or satin. Tho lining does not reach to the
ground, but is finished with scant ruffles of niousseline de soie
or heavy chiffon, lt is not fashionable to hnve a drop skirt
for a serge or cloth costume and even the separate silk skirt
is considered unnecessary, but a compromise has been insisted
upon and obtained by a lining of satiu or soft finish silk made
in with the material. This gives a softness and finish that is
far more satisfactory than if the rough fabric is unlined, aud
at the same time takes far less room than even the most
scant of separate skirts.
Another of the noticeable freaks of fashion this season is
the skirt with the upper part tightly drawn back around the
hips and the lower part of the skirt apparently much wider
than with the narrow straight skirt.
This is un old time model revived to the despair of those
women who, still young enough to enjoy smart clothes, huve
a distinct und painful remembrance of the days of their girlhood when this snme stylo was fashionable.* In those, days
the skirts were much wider around the lower purt, so perhaps
iu the eyes of the world dressmakers who make a science of
dress tlo know better how to attack the problem uud will
kuow how to drape materials in such wise thut the figure will
not he entirely disfigured,
• •    *
Finishing the skirt with a band or fold of silk or satin is
very fashionable this summer and the style hus much that is
practical about it. Often a pattern robe, and there are good
bargains in the pattern robes, of cloth, linen, lace or chiffon
is too short in front and at the sides to give what is demanded of this season's skirts, that they shall not only touch the
ground all the way, but lie on the ground. It is a most extravagant style, but none the less is it followed, so that the
fold or band at lhe edge of the laee on a thin fabric is of
great service, as it prevents the gown wearing out too
All white is not at the moment so fashionable as the contrast of colors, nnd the thin white gowns are finished with
a fold or band of pink, blue or yellow satin, unless one of
the figured broche design is preferred, und these broche or
cashmere colorings aro so attractive as to be immensely popular. The belt and any trimming on the waist matches the
finish of the skirt, unless for practical reasons it is decided
to finish the skirt with a band of white; then the belt can be
of any color or design, and so many different effects can be
gained by wearing the different belts that one gown does
duty for two or three.
Separate waists are fast becoming as necessary to comfort
as the lingerie shirt waists that fashion has at last succeeded
iu relegating to the background. They must match the costume in color, and chiffon cloth, marquisette, lace and all kinds
of net are now fur smarter than silk, satin or crepe de chine.
These waists, some quite on the jumper order, are made over
a lining of white net or lace and are dainty and becoming.
When economy has to be observea one good fitting plain waist
of net or lace can serve as foundation for two or more of the
dark chiffon jumpers, which, cut in one piece with the kimono
sleeve, do md require to be fastened in at the seams of the
inside waist.
no. 2
To elenn e corset, wet it tliorouglilr in plenr, warm (not
hot) wntor nml Sjirenil it out on u marble wnslistnnd or table
cir (lie bottom ol' Hie bath tub or a washboard or any similar
article. Hub good borax, naphtha or other soup upon it nud
with a still' nail brush or a good scrubbing brash scrub it
thoroughly. Muse uir the suds, turn the corset and scrub thc
other side ill the same manner. Repent this process until thc
corset is clean and "ive it a final rinse iu slightly blue wnter,
Now squeeze out nil Hie water possible without wringing nr
POOD scientists condemn alum as unfit for
use in food, and the time will come when
mW it will be as rigorously excluded from food in
Canada as it is now condemned in Great Britain.
Does noi contain Alum
MAGIC makes pure
delicious, healthful biscuits, cake and pastry. Protect yourself against alum
powders by insisting on
a   medium;
priced baking*
powder and
the only well-
known one made in Canada
that does NOT contain alum.
Full Pound Cans, 25c.
Made in Canada
E. W. Gillett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont
EDET fWW ROOr ttswam~wmnmt**.m—*l¥0iCmmSa+.UMlaam.ea-**lnm
T1UX lAAJmw OUUlV mp«fcl mt* ut* —. mtmV Mth Mi w» m. meUat tni * Am—.
Nattier Blue Crepou Gown
twist I lift Hir corset and lav it dnwii Hat mi a div towel, with
the steels crossing it i sldo lo side; roll it and tho towel together as tightly as vou can and press upon it with nil viuir
strength, This'will absorb most of the water so that It will
not "drip" when drying, Next su spond the corset by four
loops pinned to flu1 top either In the outer nlr or in a sunny
open window or near the fire ro thut the corset will dry as
quickly us possible, When dry, which will he in a short, time,
the corset, will he wliltfi and fresh. No not iron or press It,
except, perhaps, nlong any unboned portion of considerable
extent; but even this ih not necessary, aa when on the wearer
ull the rough look nnooths out nicely.
FROM the earliest times writers have
told of the courage, self'Sacrifice,
nnd heroism of the dog. Famous
dogs iuelude Barry, tho mast ill' of Great
St, Bernard's, which saved the lives of
forty persons; Aubry's dog, which
avenged his master's death by finding
Itis murderer aud tearing his throat out;
King Arthur's famous hound, 0aval;
the dog of Ulysses, which rceoguized his
master after his return from Argos and
died for joy; the Dog of the Seven
Sleepers, which watched faithfully for
three hundred years beside his sleeping
masters, aud as a reward was admitted
to heaven by Mohammed; Newton's dog
Diamond, which overturned a lighted
caudle during its master's absence aud
burned up some valuable papers, aud
many others.
There is no truer friend than a dog.
He loves his muster mure than he loves
his own kind, for he will sniff, apparently unmoved] at the dead body of another dog, but will creep to the grave of
his master and die there. The exception to this indifference of a dog to its
own kind is the love of a mother dog
for her young, though a writer in the
N'orth American Review tells of a case
of devotion between two puppies which
is remarkable.
These two little dogs were of the
Moliissus, commonly called the Ma rem.
ma breed; large, white, very beautiful
dogs, with long hair; varying Jn size |>(>.
tween a Newfoundland and a collie; the
old Greek race of wntch-dogs. The
puppies, named Tan aud Paris, lived together, fed, played, and slept together,
and were never separated for seven
Tn the seventh mouth Paris fell ill of
distemper and died. Pan nursed his
brother us assiduously as any boy
could huve nursed another; licked him,
brought him tempting hits to eat; did
all that he could think of, and wheu his
brother at lust lay cold and unresponsive to his efforts, his grief and astonishment were painful to see.
Prom that time he ceased to pluy;
from being a very lively dog, ho grew
grave aud sari; he had a wistful, wondering Inquiry in his eyes which wus
pathetic to behold; and though he lived
for many years nftor, and was as happy
as n dog can lie, he never recovered his
spirits; he had buried his mirth iu the
grave of Paris.
The Seattle Times printed a story of
lhe remarkable devotion of au Alaskan
dog to her mate, <>n Front Street,
Nome, never wandering very far either
way from the centre of activity, said
the Times, might have been seen all old
blind Alaskan dog and his little mat
One year he trod the long, weary trail
down from Dawson. The load he drew
was too heavy for the faithful old fellow, and darkness had fallen over his
The city council passed an ordinance
taking him under its protection, hut the
little mate, with a fine scorn for the pro
luct of the "mills of the gods," form
ed a ways and men us com fill ttee of one
and put llie plan into immediate execution.
A warm nest, was found in an old
deserted cabin down by the sen, When
the waters wen? angry plenty of torn-
cod ure laid ut their door, but ou sunlit mornings, with the tip of his enr
held gently between her teeth, she led
hini nround to a little nook ou Pnint
Si reel, where the golden rays were
brightest; gave a little bark wheu just
the right spot was reached, and he lay
•luileiitedly down, while she went un her
sel I'-im posed mission of love.
Pirst to the Butte restaurant, where
she stood patiently just outside the
door. They never forgot her, and with
one little sharu cry she hurried back to
her liegelord ami' laid the offering at
his feet. A similar visit, was made to
each of the other caterers in turn. If
one was a trifle slow in responding she
tried another, arid the fruits of every
pilgrimage were laid on the altar of
her affection. Occasionally some ill-
bred nialamide attempted to purloin a
dainty morsel from her store, but the
rebuke he received came so swift and
terrible the offence was never repeated.
When the shadows grow long and the
sun is lost iu a sea of glory beyond the
hills, the old blind dog is gently led back
to the hut.
The Greeks raised statues to their
dogs, Socrates swore by his dog, and
Alexander the Great honored his by
building a city with magnificent temples, which he dedicated to its memory,
Plutarch mentions a sagacious dog
that King Pyrrhus found beside the
murdered body of his muster. Aft
ward it sprang fiercely upon two of the
king's soldiers, thus pointing them out
as the murderers.
The memory of "the dog of Mura
thon" Uvea with the memory of the
Grecian heroes who fell with it in that
famous battle against the Persian hosts.
A monument was built over the remains of the dog owned by Xantlppus,
the father of Pericles, Denied admission upon his master's ship, he swam
along side of it from Athens ta Salamis,
and fell dead from sheer exhaustion at
the feet of Xantippus the moment he
Stepped'upon shore.
Homer erected a beautiful memorial
to Argos, the dog owned by Ulysses
—not out of marble, but of fervent
verse that is far more enduring. When
Ulysses, after his long wanderings, returned to his home disguised as a beggar, his dog, then twenty years old,
blind and feeble, was the first to teeog-
lilze him.
There was a dog named Soter, so noted among the Corinthians for his fidelity aud watchfulness tbat he wns voted
a silver collar ou which was the inscription, "Corinth's Defender and Deliverer, ''
Another dog famous iu history is
"the dog of Aubry," that belonged to
De Montiddier, a brave officer under
Charles V, of France. He once saved
his master from drowning, and later
finding his body in tho forest, watched
beside it for days until reduced almost
to a skeleton from hunger.
It seems that during a game of tenuis Montdiddier had a dispute with a
brother officer named Maeaire, and the
latter waylaid and murdered him in the
forest. (Jnn day the dog met Maeniro
in the streets of Paris, and, actuated by
some mre instinct, sprang upon him, and
would have killed him had not the people interfered.
Mnciiirc was suspected of being the
assassin, and Charles the Wise ordered
the issue to he decided by a buttle between the dog and Manure on the Island of Notre Dame. The man was allowed a club and a shield, and flu dog
a cask to which he might retreat when
hard beset. The dog scorned the place
of refuge, und iu the second encounter
fastened his teeth iu his antagonist*s
throat. Macaire confessed his guilt, and
was afterward executed.
About forty years ugo the steamship
Swallow left the Cape of Good Hope,
bound for Kngland. Among tho passengers was a lady with a chhd of two
years and a nurse. The lady had also
brought with her a huge Newfoundland
The voyage bud lasted about six days,
and the day was a beautiful oue, with
soft breeze blowing, ami thu sun shining down brightly ou the sparkling waters, 'fhe passengers were assembled on
deck when suddenly the mirth of all was
silenced hy the piercing scream of a
The nurse, who had been holding the
child in her arms at the side of the
vessel, had lost the restless little one
overboard. The poor woman iu despair
would have flung herself after her
charge had uot strong arms held her
back. But instantly something rushed
past her; there was a leap over the vessel's side, a splash into the waters, and
theu Nero's black head appeared above
the waves, holding the child in bis
far behind in the wake of lhe vessel.
The engines were stopped as soon as
possible, tint by that time the dog was
A boat was quickly lowered, and the
ship's surgeon, taking his place in it,
ordered the sailors to pull for their lives.
One could just make out on the leaping,
dancing waves the dog's blnck head,,
holding something scarlet in his mouth*
The child had uu it little jacket of scarlet doth, and it gleamed like a spark.
of fire ou the dark blue waves.
Sometimes a billow higher than it*
fellows hiil for a moment tho dog aud
the child from the anxious, straining
eyes. But the bout came near enough
at last to lift the child out of the dog's
mouth, theu a sailor's strong arm pulled
Nero into the boat.
A hundred hands were stretched out
to help the brave dog ou board the ship,
and his praises resounded on every side.
But, Nero ignored all the flattery aud
trotted sedately up to the child's moth-
, with a wag uf his dripping tail.
Xero was for the rest of the voyage
lhe pet and hero of the whole ship.' He
bore his honors with quiet, modest dignity.
When the steamer reached her destin-
nflofl he was taken to the home of his
little mistress and there he lived, loved
and honored, unfit he died of old age.
llis grave is in an Knglish church-
yiird, iu consecrated ground, and it is
marked bv a stone, on which is engraved:
>d to the Memory of Xero,
PAithfulest of Dogs.
■■>    -■
Publisheil   every   Saturday   nt  Cumberland,   B.C.,   by
Oumon'ii T. Smithe,
Editor uiid Proprietor,
Advertising rates published elsewhere in tlio paper.
Subscription prioe 81..10 per yeur, pnynble in ndvauce.
The editor dues not i>°ld   himself responsible for views expressed by
What the Editor has to say.
Owing to the inability of the Editor to give bin personal
attention to the publishing of this or next week's issues,
owing to the fact that he is confined to his bed with a broken
leg, we would ask 'our readers to be lenient in criticism for
any shortcomings in the paper at the present time.
Any merit which this week's paper may possess is owing
entirely to the extreme generosity of our friends, who have
eume to our assistance at this time, in the matter of news
items, in a manner so generous that we feel it very difficult to
express the thanks we feel.
Not only have the members of the baseball team formed
themselves into a most efficient corps of news reporters, but
others of our friends, also, have come to our assistance in a
manner which is highly appreciated,
What's the matter with religion . This paraphras of the
historic question about Kansas is suggested by an article in
the New York Post which gives statistics about clergymen's
salaries in the United States. The inevitable conclusion, from
a study of the tables, is that the average churchgoer is not in
earnest about his religion. If he were, he would not suffer
bis clergyman to exist on tbe wages of an unskilled laborer.
Even if he bad no personal liking for his pastor, he would
honor liis work, and would feel it a disgrace that a minister of
God should have to be also a martyr.
The earthly reward of the clergy in the United States is
about #13113. The figure is taken from the Census Report, and
is official. Contrast this wage with tbe handsome salary paid
to Marcelline, the clown at the New York Hippodrome.
Marcelline gets $10,000 a year, and has a long holiday. Most
of his salary, one may take it for granted, is made up by men
and women who are supposed to be churchgoers, and who are
at least Christians. Another circus performer, named " Desperado," receives $500 a week for diving from the top of a
tent to land on his chest upon a runaway far below. Acrobats
earn all tbe way from $50 to $200 a week, so the poorest of
them receives what would keep four clergymen and their
Consider the prize that was offered, too, by nominal Christians, to tempt two thugs like Jeffries and Johnson to batter
eacli other. It would keep one hundred and f fty ministers
and their families for a year. The average professional baseball player earns twice as much as the average preacher. The
chorus girl earns more. So dues the bartender. The hangman
earns as much ; a fail' jockey earns twice as much. Christians
nre willing to pay far more for their amusements thuu for
tbeir religious instruction. The heathen, who make their
witch doctors the most venerated men in the tribe, show a
truer understanding of what religion should ba than do we
Our old friend,, the Ladysmith Chronicle, liad some nice
things to say about The Islander last Week, which it describes
as a very excellent journal, both typographically and as a
news medium, and a credit to the city of Cumberland. Such
nn expression of opinion from Brother Carley is the more
gratifying as that gentleman is one of tbe most experienced
and capable newspaper men in the province.
We would suggest to our City Council the advisability of
procuring a good sized herd of goats, nnd the turning loose of
these animals on the streets of the city along with the cattle
nnd horses, which at present pasture in tin: streets and boule-
vards and in the Editor's back yard.
The goat thrives particularly well on garbage and refuse
of all kinds, of which there is an abundant supply iu our
beautiful city.
Are you
* is!
to solicit
subscriptions to
•       •
on commission
if bustlers ueei ai
In either case you should be interested in this
i om num BIS
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
•• nn tt
M" The Islander Office
If You'll require to be careful
about your " thin" summer
suit. To " hung riglit" and
not to " Sag,'' it ought to be
made to your order hy the
most capable tailors. There's
a lot of satisfaction in " Hob-
berlin" Made to Order
light weight suits. We are
tailing orders now for the real
Halifax and Ilewson tweeds,
made up in two pieces, coats
semi-lined, long graceful lapels,
broad shoulder effect, trousers
with loops and cufts. Fit
positively guaranteed or money
Prices are $20 to $22.50
To the printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do, and
our prices are  reasonable
.lob work I Y.iu can net what you
waut when you want it at The Islander
Phone 36.
Do your own shopping. See MiK n-
nell fur Choice Fruits, C nfecii.-iieiy
•lid Ice Crenm. j25
Schuol will re-open for the fall term on
the Monday follnwinu the f.iunli S u.day
ih Aiixurt—th. 29t   inst.
Owing to the Firemens Bawpiet being
held on Monday night, no meuiui_ "I the
Development L ague was held that even-
The Pilsener Baseball Team «ill shortly
be atri'iiKtheiied by the arrival in town ot
F B Cloiitier, one of the fastest am)
hardest hitting outbeldera iu the p evince
Postmaster Nunns did a laid office
business on M uday las', allming th.
new p"»iolfioe boxes Over $350 in box
reuts was taken in in the one day.
F. B. Cloiitier. of Duncan, haa purchased the blackanitthii'g bu-iness ■ f Mr
Hugh Mitchell, the deal having beeu
consummated on Monday la»t. Mr.
Cloutier already owns a lar^e shop in
Duncan, which he will still continue, bin
he will move to this city in the near
future to give his business here his ner-
B'nial attention.
After the Firemens Banquet on M"ii-
day night was brought to a close, the fire
alarm rang vigorously for a short time,
and the quirk order in which the firemen
and their guests made their exit from the
building is without record, tic firemen
getting their huge and reel out in fast
time. The alarm happened tu be a falsi
oue, causing the citizens, who were
aroused from their peaceful slumbers, to
protest iu strong terms auainst the false
alarms which are becoming frequent ul
A little after midnight last Friday
night an alarm of fire was turned in, and
iu a very few minutes an immense crowd
uf citizens gathered about the fire hall.
The six year uld daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. J. Marsh was lost and had not been
seen since 8 o'clock, and the police to> k
this method of gathering a crowd to organize a search party to look for the
child. After parties had been dispatched
to the Camp, to Chinatown and along the
railway, the firebell waa again rung to
sound the recall, the child having been
found in her own home, asleep under
the stairs in the hallway.
Corner Store
Every week we are having NEW GOUDS arriving, this
week we are showing especially
matertnl), 25o. yard j from S1.75 pair
KITCHEN CLOTHS, 6 for $1.20.   HEAVIER KIND, 3 for 75c
and Dresses, in White and | Black Sateen with Handsome
Colored Designs Prill, SL each, and up
! juat lik» silk, from *?. each l f'KIRTS, *5.50 anci *7
LADIES' SUNSHADES & CANVAS SHOES tt arc selling less IS   Discount, as wc
do not want to curry thes: Ior another season
Then come inside.  We will gladly show you our Goods.
Advertisements under thla head 1 cent, 1 word,
1 issue ; strictly In advance.
See  us  about your
next printing job
Prints everything
Prints it well
Furnished Rooms to Let, opposite the
Wanted —Three Young Pigs ; send price
and particulars. T. A, L. Smith,
Hornby Island. jl8
Two Light Draft Teams, weight about
14001 bs. Apply Shopland Bros.,
Sandwick. jll
For Sale—0 Milk Cows anil 3 Heifers
Apply H. S. Purteus, Hankshaw,
Courtenay. jIH
8 Boomed Houso and Double Lot foi
Sale, cheap; or will rent furnished.
Mrs. Roo.
Found—Silver Brunch, initials Kll
Owner can have same by |i'<yiiig for
this ail.t. Apply Mis. (lill, behind
Post Olliee.
For Sale,—A Bargain, a W.ll Matched
Team of Horses, weight 2200 Iha.
Strong and vory true. Both iu excel-
lent condition. Price only $IH(I Apply.
Thu Editor,
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary   Manufactuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
•   i    i
•   i   i
Dressers land Stands ranging from $65 to $15.
Sideboards " "   *50to*20.
A Large Assortment of Chairs and Rockers
New Styles
Extension Tables from $10 up
We carry a Choice Selection of Wall Papers
and Linoleums
The Furniture Store
A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
McPhee Block
The Public of Britiah Columbia and
visitors are cordially invited to meet the
Ili .lit Honourable Sir Wilfred Laurier,
0.0 M.G , P.O., Premier of Canada, and
the Premier and Members i f the tixucu
tive Onunoil of the llovernniont of British C"luiiibia, in the Parliament Build
ings, Victoria, on Wednesday, tho 17th
inst, at 9 p.m.
Hkmhv Essiin Youwi,
Provincial Secretary.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
====Best on the Coasts
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland, B.C.
Beadnell & Biscoe
gomoXi B.g.	
S'-a frontages and  farming land for sale
Repairing, Cleaning and Pressing
Cumberland Tailor
S. ISAKA, Proprietor
Is' Mii
Dunsmuir Avenue, Cumberland, B.C.
Barrister,   Solicitor   and!
Notary Public.
The finest hotel in the city, THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Stratford Centre, Wolfe Co., Que.
"I hnve been completely cured of a
frightful condition of my Stomach
through the wonderful fruit medicine
'Fruit-a-tives'. 1 could not eat anything
but what I suffered awful pain from
My head ached incessantly.
I was told to try 'Fruit-a-tives' and
•ent for six boxes. Now 1 am entirely
well, can eat anv ordinary food and
never have a Headache."
50c a box, 6 for J2.50, or trial box,
15c. At all dealer* or from Fruit-a-
tives Limited, Ottawa.
MMK.   ANNE  ROGSTAD,  the  firrt
woman member uf The (Storthing,
which is tho lower houso in the
Norwegian Parliament, was a teacher in
(me of the primary grades of the public
schools in Christiania when elected.
Switzerland produces eight million
dollars' worth of chocolate annually.
Ireland's highest apple product does
not exceed fifty thousand barrels per
A bushel of barley yields fifteen gallons of beer in Great Britain and twenty-five in Germany.
United States coal shipments to Canada jumped one million dollars last
year over the preceding records.
A baby walrus of six months will eat
about fifty pounds of codfish in a day.
Canada was ceded lo Kngland by tlie
treaty of Paris, signed oil February 10,
l'nder the view law for buildings in
New Vork City the number of dark
rooms in tenements has been reduced
from two hundred and fifty thousand to
one hundred and one thousand one hundred and seventeen.
The United States has mure (22,244,-
44i'i) dairy cows than any other country
in the world; more horses (23,000,532),
mure mules (4,050,309), mure swine (57,-
970,301), ami, except British India,
more cattle (73,240,573).
Don't Cut Out
a Goitre. Cyst, or Wen, for
will ek'KTi them uir in a mild nnd
Lit itnaiil murine!- Kiinovt-H any mf!
11111 I'll, {wliiful huulllrigK, Ih Irk «ni d
timet umity fttirl rhctiiimiii' deposit I, Kill- dhIn nnd tiikes out von
in -'•ninl In Hu in mat Ion from imiih
Hfhft oi«r«l(rl», Hcutf or inflammatory  rhruraatliM,   »IIff ihi-L.
lame buck, strains and apralna.
it win reduce V»ri<<Me \ tin..
Hit- MtreneM quickly, Urn.*, up and
nntonatho.feKtt.ttf totbeotrcutar
inuwJei or tha velni, iwiunna them
to h mirinn) condition. Will even
iiml iiiiii i-h-iiri up a viuicdM' ulcer.
Boole BF fit*. M111111 fm In red onlv by
W. F. YOUNG, P. D. F.,
210 Temple St.,  Springfield, Masi
I.VPANH, Mrl„ XnnlrMl, Innmlhn isrnta.
Ah* fnrnLhrrl hy JUIITI%  Wll,.; . WIVSK HI., Hlaalurf
THK IUTIOKAI, MUr, & ilMAl.fO., »l«.l«. ttt^.
terji aad Hfc.SDKUbOM BROS, lit,. Ltd., Vaan---
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
prtKTiiiHi  mid  recommended   'or   wonien'n *n
nifnta, a Hlentiflo*),)' prijiaml rernt.it> nf proien
worth. Thr remit from their llll in <|iii<:k and
permanent. Per **'.*• at all rl mu Mnrra.
CANADA    CYCLE    b    MOTOR    CO.
141 Princess St., Winnipeg
SPKAKJXG of f Is whleh are ba-
llevctl specially to feed tho nervous system, 11 ml to rotalu tlte
wnste wlileli nil nerve tissues, in com
mun witli the rati nt' tin* body, nro subject, a writer remarks un tin1 papular
(nml probnbly uprrect} idea tlmt shell
fish, from tlu< I'l-nl) mul lobitor to tbe
oyster! nro typlcnl nerve roktorulive*.
01' lislt Itself tlu' mi 1 lic opinion han
also beon axprossml. " Wit it out phoB<
plioroiis, nu life,'' sni<| tha <.omit)n
chemists, imd this innttor-of-fnct opinion in probably ^lllte within tlte limits
of truth, because nn analysis ui' living
innttiM' hM"lii-«< us that phosphorus is ol'
its assent In] elements, ns nlso is sulphur.
When grent bruin or nurve exhaustion
ui-i-urs, wi- Iiml nu hiereused quantity
ul' phosphates |{ivol) off in the i'Xi-1-ii-
tions. These represent the bronlulown
ul" nerve tissues, su thut n duo supply
of phosphates In the food muy lie re
garded us nn essential for healthy brain
■kP'LLS _:
."">lll   Tl  •>   '   .
Ayil'.iiRO was arrested   in  Atlanta
(.according to Life) on a charge
of vagrancy and brought before
Indue Broyles. "why Sam, is tbis jou;
What   have  they   arrested  you  for?"
"Xothiu', jedge, 'ceptin' fragrancy."
A WOMAN woke up lier husband at
dead of night aud told him a
burglar was in Ihe house.
"1 don't want you to go after hiin,"
she explained, "but 1 do want you to
remember that it' you lind anything
missing I'roni your pockets in the morning, it wasn't ine."
• .   *
UNDE11 Iho heading "cruel and unusual" a country contemporary
reports the suit ui a Miss Uraker
ngainst thc Northwestern Railroad, and
makes Hie statement! "Miss (.'raker asserts thnt she took a freight train at
Roedsburgh and was kissed on the caboose by the conductor,"
POSTMISTRESS -- "Then you like
those town nieces to send you
those newfangled souvenir postal cards
made out of leather/"
Uncle Weatberby—"By heck, yes\ 1
ain't so much on sentiment cyaros, but
when ihey arc made out of leather thoy
come iu bandy to mend boots with."
MRS Siuiiuonds grinned at, the scare
headline: "Hank Robbed! Police
at Seal" and laid down the sheet.
"Nllow. look at that, Est" she ejaculated, repeating the headline aloud.
"Here's a big city bunk broke into by
burglars, and tb'cily police force all
oft fishing somewhere! What a scau-
ff       *       •
A SHOE drummer alighted from the
train at Farville nnd looked up
and down thc street, l'resently
Yiek Lee came along with a bundle of
soiled laundry, and the drummer hailed
him with: "John, how much of a place
is this here town of Fnrville?"
"Stleet ea' ev'ly twenty minute," replied the Chinaman,
■   »   *
A FEMALE   lion-tamer,   young   and
fair, beckoned to a big Hon, and
it eame and took a piece of sugar
out uf her month.
, "Why,  I  could do that trick I" exclaimed' n gentleman iu the front row.
"Whnt!    Yuu/"   retorted   the   fair
"Certainly—just as well as the lion."
THIS famous Champ Clark, at a dinner
at Bowling Green, said of the
"Tl:;1 feeling against monopolies has
reached eveu to the nursery. I saw a
little girl the other day slip something
beneath her plntt, Then she murmured
" r * wish there was aa anti-crust
law.' "
• •   •
ANEW-MADE widow called at the
office of an  insurance company
for the money due nu  Iut bil
band's policy.    The" manager said: "T
am truly sorry, madam, to hear uf your
"That's always the way with you
men," said she. "Vou are always sorry
when  a   | r woman  gets a  chance  tn
make a little money."
to illustrate the development of
art in America by a story of the
past, lle said that iu the "forties a
rich Boston Ian built a fine house in the
Hack Bay, He decided to adorn the
lawn witu statuary, ami having heard
of the Venus de Malo, he wrote to Rome
for a copy. The copy duly arrived, it
was marble Hut the Huston man no
sooner got it than lie sued the railroad
company for $2,500 for mutilation. He
wun the suit, too.
SHAM, at a dinner in Washington,
said of a wrong-headed financier:
"His methods are so deplorable that
when he tries to defend them he goes
io  pieces.
"In fnct, he reminds me of an old
nan who was brought up before a
country judge.
" Mi'thru,' said the judge, 'you are
licensed of stealing Get), Johnson's
chickens. Have yuu any witnesses!"
" 'No, Bah,' old .Iel Inn answered.
haughtily: '1 hah not, sab. I don't steal
chickens hefo' witnesses, sn Ij. '
WAY down in Yuma a man named
Saaguinetti does all the general
merchandise and charity business for miles around. He advertises
his store, but keeps the charity strictly
ipiief. One morning, having heard that
a family of Mexicans had been burned
out the night before, lie sent his clerk
to inquire surreptitiously if the man
was deserving ami iu need of assistance.
The elork returned, reporting that the
Mexican did not own the destroyed
dwelling, and as fur his property had
saved  everv bit. uf it.
"Ah. thon lie is uut so liadly off,"
ventured Sanguine! I j. '' Whnl did he
have to save/"
With a dry smile the clerk answered
"One string'of red peppers aud n picture of .lesus."
• •    •
A WOMAN palmist iu England was
prosecuted, nnd an amuuing incident is reported in connect inu
with the case. One of the witnesses
called by the police was an Individual
whn did uut appear to he overburdened
with intelligence, During a smart
cross examination the defendant's counsel  ashed  him:
"Ou first going into the room did you
pay a shilling fee tn the defendant?"
'' Yes," was the reply,
"What did she tell ynu ia return for
the money7"
"Oh," said the witness, "she tow'd
me lots o' things—sume nn 'em true,
some on em half-true, and some on 'em
"Vow," went ou the counsel, after
the laughter had died away, "this is the
point. I wish to get at. Was there any
attempt at. imposition? Did the lady impose upon you at nil?"
"Oh, dear no!" was the response. "I
kimwed it wor ull gammon, so there
couldn't, bc no imposition, Besides, it
-vor a bad shilling as I gave her to
itnrt wi'!"
SCI.VKYol.  MeGAHTHY of Boston
was asked by a  reporter why he
had not given a lip on a piece of new*
that broke shortly after the reporter
had seen him. The surveyor said that
he had, but. the reporter insisted that
the "tip" was so remote as to be valueless. The surveyor, by way of reply,
told this story: "A young man had
heen calling upon a girl for some time,
wheu The young lady's father asked the
swain what his intentions were. 'They
are honorable,' was the reply, 'but
rather remote.' "
•    *   «
WILLIAM FURST, the composer
and orchestra lender at the Empire Theatre, Xew York, is iu
the habit of having his own way. He
is. however, no match for Mr. Charles
Frohman, Several years ago he was
working with Mr. Frohman over a new
production at the Empire Theatre.
"That's too loud, Billy," Mr. Frohman remarked at a certain stage rehearsal.
"1 can't help it, governor," replied
Furst, "it's forte."
"Well," observed Mr. Prohman im-
pertiirliubly, "make it thirty-live."
dinner iu New York, admitted that
he was not a gourmet.
"These fat, red-faced men," he said,
"only amuse me. They know all tho
vintage years of champagne, Bordeaux,
and Bourgogne. 'lliey differentiate
learnedly between California peach-fed
and Southern hominy-fed hog. They
compare the flavors of the teal, the mul*
lard, and the eanvasbnek. But I, listening, ouly smile. It ull reminds me
so vividly of two little boys in the c.ouu-
try. Those two little boys were smoking, when one was taken suddenly an.l
violently ill. The other said: 'It's queer
that this tobacco hurts yon. It's made
of very good corn-silk.' "But you see.'
groaned the other, 'I'm used to nothiu1
imt fine grape leaves.' "
THK rights of the domestic servant
aro again to bc discussed at the
meeting of the International Convention at Bern and the Anti-White
Slave-Trade Society at Madrid iu the
coming August. Apropos of these conventions tiie question of domestic service is treated at some length hy George
Metlake in "America" (New York.)
The responsibility of those who engage
domestics is especially dwelt upon. The
selfishness and want of consideration
shown hy mistresses toward their female
employees is pointed out iu the most
forcible manner. The spiritual and religious claims of the house drudge are
cleverly illustrated by St. Baul's attitude toward Oaesiinus, "a wretched
slave, who, after robbing his master
Philemon, a noble citizen of Colossae.
lied to Rome, where he met St. Paul,"
who sent him back to his master "not
uow as a servant, but a most denr brother, especially to me." Mr. Metlake
says to the* Christian mistress of the
"Tho lady of tlu; house must endeavor, above ail,' to Iiml a counter balance
for the humiliation of personal independence of her servant, furnish oceasious
for its exercise, arouse it when it is dormant; she will leave nothing undone to
learn the art of arts—the art of commanding, of commanding in such a way
lhat obedieilCj. will not he degradation.
" '.Many housewives/ writes Prof.
F. W, Foerster, of Zurich, 'complain of
the immorality of their servant girls
and join societies for their moral uplift
—but forget that they themselves, by
their whole manner of dealing with
them, undermine iu them the strongest
resisting force against temptation—tho
sense nf their persniinl dignity,' Let u
woman who takes service frum others,
give them respect, tact, sacrifice iu return. Let her beware nf degrading the
girl who does her menial work. Let
her, on the contrary, enlighten lier ns to
her dignity. The work she is put to do
must not. be useless, dead or deadening.
like that of a treadmill; it must benefit
hoth her and her mistress. The mist -ess,
hy her own example, must teach Ihe servant thut. work is a duty and a blessing,
not a burden and a humiliation, A
woman whose whole time is taken up
with social function and novel reading,
arouses iu her domestics the torturing
feeling that they are obliged to work
iu order that she mny throw her life
away in doing nothing. Such a woman
forgets that servants do not look at
our dainty lives 'with the dull eyes of
beasts of burden, but with the keen
glance of the cultured soul.' "
Too seldom do mistresses take nny
pains to develop or encourage personal
religion  in their domestics.
"How often does the mistress—unwittingly iu most ciiRCs—kill little hy
little the spiritual, the higher life iu her
servant girl, instend of fostering ami intensifying itl She allows her only the
shortest possible time in which to fulfil
lier most necessary religious duties. After working till a Into hour Saturday
night, the poor girl must attend a very
early and very short Mass. or mun. at
all. She needs coinage and consolation
against the hour of trial; she needs supernatural help to be always cheerful,
always obedient; she needs strength to
carry uut her good resolutions--but
leisure is uot given her to collect her
scattered forces iu prayer ami to renew
their ardor iu the Sacrament, of llie
The servant in a family is to be looked upon as a friend and treated lovingly, pursues this writer, and he quotes
"the gdnial Swiss philosopher, Hill/.,"
ns follows:
" Look on your servants as a kind of
friends am: try to place yourself iu tins
relation io them. That is the solution
of the servant girl problem; tliey arc
willing to exchange the feeling of liberty only for that of friendship."
The servant is to he treated with sympathy, for wages nre not all au employer
owes to those who do the work of the
house,   To'quote further;
" Hy lodging and feeding her properly
und paying her a fair wage, the lady of
the house has uot done, and does not do,
her whole duty toward her servant girl,
nor has she advanced far in the solution
of the servant girl problem. Money run
not. adequately pay fur personal service
-•soul fur suu! must, he given, Sympathy
must be given, sympathy which, as
Hiirke so beautifully defines it, is a sort
of substitution, by which we are put
Into the placo of others and affected in
a   good   measure  as  they  are  affected.
With the Horses
T»«r  Drasilit Will Tall Yoa
MvrlM Sta Remedy Rtlltvti (tor* Kyea,
Itrtnithvnt Wtih Kyee. DoMn't Hm»rt
EoothM Sf* Pain, and Btlli for Wc. Tr?
Murlna In Tour Kr« and In Be.br'i
Eyrn for tcaJy Bytlida and Qranulatlo*
HOW is it that the trotters of today,
even  at their  best, have  short
careers? The seasous are uot
as long as they were twenty years ago.
Very few horses begin to race before
July and they generally quit iu the
middle uf OeUiber. In the old days
they began in May and raced till the
end of .November. In those old days
linrses raced year after year, souu; of
them as long as six, seven and even
fur Ten years and won races, Now a
campaigner who ean put in three successful seasons is u wonder. How is
this/ lias the breed degonevated iu
endurance whnt it has gained iu speed?
Bu our modem methods of training sap
The vitality of uur horses? The fact
remains, and it is a serious une, that
our seasons are shorter, thai The horses
are sooner outclassed and that as a
consequence a racing stable has every
vear to have new racing material if
it is to keep in the swim.
One of the most illustrious members
of the old time brigade who won from
the beginning of her long and brilliant
racing career, and who is a bright, ami
shining example of longevity and victory, is tho inure, Flora Temple. -No
trotter iu modern times has ever
approached her records, and they so
far exceed that of all other campaigners in the history of the trotting turf
that they are well worthy of a short
reproduction as ;\u object lesson to
breeders, owners and trainers of what
was done iu tho early years of the
sport. We do not believe that the
breed has deteriorated, but is is far superior today to what it was then, the
big question for the trainer of today is
lo find out how lie can prolong lhe paying careers of the horses in his stable.
Flora Temple was foaled in 1848 and
was by Bogus Hunter, dam Madam
Temple, dam of Pilot. Temple -':24c..
Her first winning race was at Centre-
ville. UL, Oct. 13, 1S42, when for a
modest purse of $130 she defeated a
horse called Brown .Iim iu 2:4H, 2t41,
2:43. She was then live years old,
That lirst and foremost of the old
guard of drivers, Hiram Woodruff, then
Took her in hand and on Nov. Bl, 18fi2
for a purse of *1,000, she defeated tlu
bay gelding, Vouug Dutchman, in 2:40,
'd:'Ml and -:.1li. This was a great race
iu those days. At Centreville. L.I., Bee.
IU, 1852, to wagon she defeated the
brown gelding Centreville in il:4'2. 2.40
and 2:44, How many races do we have
now  in   December?
Though Flora Temple's latest winning race was iu December III, lho2,
April 21, JSr.lt, found her at Philadelphia, where she won a $o00 purse from
Blnck Douglas iu L'lS.'jij, 2:.iUi.j and
2:35. How mnny races do we have in
April now? May 4 she was back ia
the old favorite track. Centreville, UL.
and defeated Lady Brooks iu 3:31%,
■2-.:,2 aud 2:33!/,. May j; Ht Philadelphia iu a purse for $2,000 she defeated
Tacony aad Black Douglass iu 2:32|._.,
2:35 and 2:31 Vj. June 15 there was another race for $2,000 at Ceiitrevillo,
I,J., with Highland Maid, which had a
peculiar conclusion, for the Maid won
lhi- tirst and second heats in 2,:2!» and
2:27 and was then distanced In the
third   in  2:32.
The owner of Highland Maid was not
satisfied and a new match to wagon was
made which took place oa June 28,
which resulted in a red lint race uf nix
heats. Plora Temple made the best
time, 2:28. During that year she won
seventeen races, finishing the season ou
December :! at l.nuisville, Ky., winning a race from Rhode ' Island
iu rather slow time. The cempaign nf
1854 was short. It started early, January 31. at New Orleans, La., when in a
race of two -mile heats she defeated
Qreen Mountain Maid in 5:117, 5:07 and
did not score another victory till October 5, when, for $2,ilii0, she defeated
Mac. and October 18 at Centreville. U
I., for the same amount she defeated
.lack Waters. She scored tive victories
in 1S54. seven in 1S55, seven in 1856,
live iu 1857 and thirteen in 1858. In
1858 she began her campaign at Philadelphia on .Tune Hi, defeating Uineet iu
2:2P. 2:31 and 2:35 and finished Decem
ber  2,  defeating   Keindeer  in   2:30:t4,
2:321"-. and 2:30^.
The campaign of 1859 was the culminating triumph of her great enreer,
though her last wiuuiug race was in
180.1. In 1859 she won twenty-two
races. She began the season on "May
31 and her last victory of the season
was on Bccember 1. Here was a straight
campaign of six mouths. In that campaign she met the best trotters of the
time. Vriueess, Ethan Allen. Ike Cook,
Honest A use, and Oeorge M. Pntcheu.
Her ever memorable race was at Kalamazoo. October 15, 1859, when she defeated Princess ami lluuest Ause, taking llie last heat iu 2:19%, winning the
trotting record. She wou fourteen races
iu iStiO nud live in 1861. Here is a career of ten years on the Irottiug turf
with races from one lo three miles each.
The seasons went from April to Beecm-
ber. Her career is certainly an object
lesson and is well worth study by the
breeders nnd trainers of the present
Stallions lhat are good gaited, fast
natural trotters and have been endowed
by their ancestors witli Ihe right kind
of au inheritance, if given nu opportunity, will transmit high class speed ability and other raee-wilining qualities,
whether trained and raced to fast records or not. The same is true of mares
as producers, Kvery one who has studied the? trotting breeding problem, even
though iml slightly, knows that to be a
fact. The chief advantages of training
are, it improves thc physical condition
trained possess all the qualities upon
which speed depends.
B. (!. Webb, of Mason, the president
of lhe Michigan Trolling Horse Breeders' Association, has just sent two likely youngsters lo Peter V. Johnson ut
Kalamazoo to be trained. The pair are
Mabel Director, a three year-old filly
by The Director (leneral, and Kire Opal,
u two-year-old colt by Baronniore,
2:]4','i. Mr. Webb uow has iu Kentucky throe of his brood mares and is
patronizing the best that the Blue Grass
State affords. Molise, bv Mobel, 2:10>4,
will be bred to General Watts (3),
2:06%, Wnatv, bv Baron \V., to Ken-
tueky Todd (3) 2:U8:,li. ami Darelet. by
Dare Bevil, 2:09, tu -lav McGregor,
THKKE has just been placed on exhibition iu the Victoria and Albert
Museum  an   interesting collection
of    Kgypt inn    antiquities    of    various
dates.    Among the most interesting we
notice a large limestone head of King
Every athlete, every ball-player,.
every swimmer, every canoeist, every
man* or womon who loves outdoor life
nnd oxercise, should keep a box of Zam-
Buk handy.
Zam-Buk is a purely herbal preparation, which, as soon as applied to cuta,
bruises, burns, sprains, blisters, etc.,
sets up highly beneficial operations.
First, its antiseptic properties render
the wound free from all dauger from
blood poisoning. Next, its soothing
properties relieve and ease the paiu.
Then its rich, herbal balms penetrate
the tissue, and set up the wouderfnl
process of healing. Barbed wire
scrutches, iusect stings, skin diseases,
sueh as eczema, heat rashes, ringworm, babies' heat sores, chafed places,
sore feet—all come within Znm-Buk'B
power. It also eases aud cures piles.
All druggists and stores. Avoid imitations.
Ameuophis EDL B.C., 1500, which was
discovered in his temple at Thebes. The
workmanship ou this head ib very fine,
and is undoubtedly a portrait of the
King represented in tho conventional
style of the period. There is also an
excellent example of a., bronze incense
burner with a kneeling figure of Amusis,
II. of the 26th dynasty, about B.C. 540.
Iu front the fieure is a short hieroglyphic, inscription which reads: "The
good god, Khuumab I.a. beloved of tbe
gods, son of the Sun giving life forever." In the same case as this specimen are some prehistoric, vases, flint
implements, and other objects of the
pre-dynnstic period.
MES. WIGG1N, who makes books
about 'Tenelopo in" foreign
places, is in London now. Her
first caller was au interviewer, who
poused in the doorway, and with pencil1
poised, asked: "And what do you think
of London, Mrs. Wigginf"
"Vou remind me of tho young lady
who sat beside Mr. Gibbon at dinner,"
the author remarked geniolly. "She
turned to him after the soup and said,.
'Bo, dear Mr. Gibbon, lell me nbout the
decline and fall of the Roman Empire.' "
IU*, Weak.  Wrmrr, Watery Er«.
Relieved By Murine Eye Remedy. Try
Murine For Tour Eve Troubles. You
Wlll Like Murine. It Soothes, ferte At
Tour Druggists. Write For Eye Books.
Frss.   Murine Ry* Remedy Co., Toronlft.
makM .hm.. laat longer
It's ■ pur* oil past.- no mdpo, bottlo* sr liquids-csntolns ns
S     Vurpsntlno sr Aslds.  Ths tlnsst Sf thsm all.     ALL DULIM, lOo.     j
O THI F. r.'OMUVOO., UMITID. H.mlll.n, OM., and Buffiil*, M.V.       S     ',
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
VOL. 1
NO. 35
The Biter Bit
"Please help a blind man," sil'ld a fellow with green goggles, as he held a tin Clip toward
the line of people issuing from the Union Depot.
"I always help the blind," Bald one of two young men who were passing, and he stopped
nud took out a live-dollar bill; "ran you get a ijuarter out of this?"
"I guess ho," said the blind man, fishing out a liiitidfnl of ehtinge and counting nut lour
dollurs ami seventy-five cents,
" Well, John,*' snid the benevolent young mail's companion, iih they walkwed on, "you're
a bigger foul thn ii I look you tn be."
"Am  I.'" uu Id .lolm.
" Ves, ynu are; lhat fellow's 110 more blind than I am. Mow eould he tell lhat was n live-
dollar blllf"
"Blamed if I know," said John, innocently; "but he must be mighty nearsighted not to
sec that it was a counterfeit."
Thore are none so blind as those who will not see.
How frequently a man, who asks for a uertaiu brand of eigar, will take just what in
handed him, without "insisting oil the smoke of his choice, And how frequently his easy-going
Indifference results in his being handed a counterfeit—a cigar which hus no claim fo quality of
any kind Imt cheapness of manufacture.
It's different with a BUCK-KVi'j smoker.
Me knows what he wants, nnd he sees that he gets it. $
Vou ask why? •
Try a  ItlfrK-KVK and you'll know.
P.S.-Ask for the best Ten Cent Cigar in the case,
Skgscrapers While You Wait
(By William Alleu Johnston)
JT   is  a   marvelous   thing  how   the
dreams of Arabian nights are today  made  realities.       Manhattan
nights aro quite as magical.
This morning you may puss by
street cornor surrounded by a board
fence from the interior of which comes
the staccato thump of rock-drills. Another day aud thc fence is down, spiud-
ling iron columns uro pointing skyward
out of the pit.
Two weeks puss and you ure looking
upward at some daredevil of au ironworker who is riding un iron beam several stories up nbovo tho streets. Xo
three mouths more you ure elevated into
a steam-heated, electric-lighted twelfth-
story otlice suite und look down from
where you formerly looked up at the
sky and wondered. Imagine a massive
granite • and • brick, lire-proofed sky-
seraper covering two-thirds of a block,
building upward at tho rute of a story
a week! A story a week meaus a completed story, complete even as to iuside
furnishings aud ready for immediate
It sounds impossible. Stranger^ won't
-believe it till they see the building grow
before their eyes. But this rate of construction ia an actuality today; uud
there is no telling just what greater
speed the terrific demand of this minute-
expanding, distance-shrinking, step-lively age will bring forth.
The sky-scraper is altogether au American institution. Its express speed of
construction is also exclusively American, au expression of American enterprise, American inventiveness, American impatience and daredcviltry, American workmen.
Somo few years ago a ship-load of
Pennsylvania steel nnd American workers landed ut Cape Town and commenced at Johannesburg the erection of the
first modern steel frame structure iu
South Africa.
The work started at the beginning of
the hot season, and when, after six
months, the residents of tlic city re-
turned from their mountain resorts they
found a completed building awaiting
them, and at tirst refused to believe
their eyes. A smaller building, just
previously erected, took two and n half
"Who did thisf" roared au irate
Britisher of locul consequence. He wus
accustomed to London methods, where
■they tuke fullv six months to erect
simply thc out rigging platforms for the
placid, protracted man-handling of the
heaviest materials. "Home devil of a
Yankee, I'll warrant you," he fumed.
"It won't stand up."
But the structure is still standing,
will stand till it is pulled down; aud
now in Johannesburg they prefer Atneri
can buildings put up in the American
In Now York we grow used to mar
vels, come to regard them as commonplace after a few days' woiidermeut.
And yet here tho Johannesburg record
has been more than cut in two. So many
buildings are going up so fast that daily
the city changes like the background
of a ponderous panorama. One must
go about constantly iu order not to
bo amazed at new landmarks.
The story of the express-built skyscraper begins away buck iu tho steel-
rolling mills of Pittsburg and Bothle-
hem, where they also race aguiust time
and short-cut processes and with a
gigantic remorseless rush turn out a
product whether men get iu the wuy or
Here tho entire steel frame of the
sky-scraper is built iu multitudinous
sections—that is to say, columns, beams,
headers, girders—each with connecting
flanges ull punched and ready to be fitted und ri vetted together. The columns weigh as much us fifteeu tons
A complete story could be told of tho
works nt Pittsburg: of how the big
machines start rolling, rivottiug, cutting, punching—the processes are many
aud mighty—almost tho moment the
blue prints arrive; of how eveu while
the work is in progross some muster
minds are plotting ways and means to
hasten it, to get tbe black metal timbers craned moro swiftly out of the
roaring shops and speoding on to New
York in hundreds of heavy flat-ears.
Ouo might think that the greater part
of tho structural erection was done
in the steel-mills; that it ought to bc a
simple matter to join tho parts together and so erect the framework of
the building. Ono might think so—but
don't mention this thought tu the iron
foreman—to that taciturn, tense-featured mnn, the linos in whose lean face
grow deeper as each story is added.
He is working his men under tremendous pressure. An ordinarily slow iron
job with its rattling dynamic progress is
enough of a burden. But to rush one,
to crowd ponderous stool into fleeting
hours, is anothor matter. His employers give him so much time, ami keep
pounding him; and nlong with this pres-
sure they give him constant but contrariwise orders, to wit: Don't kill uny
It Is difficult to accomplish with results. But it can bo done and today it
is done.
Tho framework of ono big store in
Now York, containing 22,000,000 pounds
of steel, was erected in onlv four hundred hours. Not an ironworker wus killed or seriously injured. The Metropolitan tower, rising fifty stories above tho
streets, wns topped with tho samo for-
tunate result; so wns tho lofty "Singer-
horn." Somo buildings nnd bridges iu
the pnst have proven veritable morgues
—they Bhow tho constnnt hazard of the
ironworker's life—but buildings aro not
erected thnt way today, oven with
greatly advancod speed.
It is a wonderful giant's game of
jackstraws—this roaring of tho stoel
structure. First a platoon of monster
derricks is Bet up in tho pit. The masts
nre sometimes ninety feet in height,
with beams nearly as long, and nro
Bhipped nil the way across tho continent from tho big plno forests of Oregon.
Three flat-cars, ond to end, are required
for tho length of the poles, and, arrived
at thoir destination in Now York, thoy
are trucked through tho streets to the
building site ut midnight whon other
traffic is nil save suspended.
Now the steel is arriving, drawn from
the river lighters in groat double-team
ed, extension trucks, and is unloaded
all around the edge of the rectangular
pit. Each length is marked to go in a
certain place. The drivers for the most
part are ex-ironworkers and know how
to handle steel as well as horses. The
derricks are electrically run and move
silently, swiftly, steadily. The spasmodic jerking of the puffing steam upright engine is absent. The big booms
swing, dip, raise their many ton loads
with alt the precision and delicacy of
human hands. Just think of swinging a
heavy girder into a flange-union with a
play on either side of little more than a
quarter of an inch.
With each derrick there's a crew of
seven men, comprising a "pusher" or
squad boss, a derrick-man, and five
over-head ironworkers. Over all the
squads is the iron foreman, darting
here and there, looking up und down,
seeing tho whole process and every part
of it.
The mighty work goes on continuously by day aud night. One shift—ou a
big job it numbers fifty men—relieves
another. There must be no stopping;
minutes count. At night yellow and
white incandescent lights sputter ovor
a ceaseless din and travail. Now and
theu au ambulance rings its way into
the congested side-street. For there are
accidents. They cun not be altogether
From the edge of the pit you see un
iron beam roll lazily out of a pile. Its
motion is slight and noiseless, seemingly inconsequential, but it hit a man s
leg and stripped it to the bone. Two
beams meet, slowly, with velvet-like
contact; but a man's fingers intervened,
and they were nipped off. And metal
will break. There's the foreman, uow,
bending white-faced over the broken
link of a derrick chain. It is an inch
thick and outside it looks polished, hard,
sure; but within thcie was a bubble iu
the steel, leaving only a thin circumference of metal to hold it together.
Lucidly, when it snapped, us snap it
must, there were no men riding the
load of beams; but there might have
There are accidents; but the work is
too ponderous to make them noticeable,
its purpose too serious to have them in-
him is a favoilte at bridge men'6 dunces
and has been known to wear and grace
a frock-coat. They make no serious
complaint over the new order of things
—the rush of the work. "Sure," said
one. "it's all right, only it's over nowadays before you get your second wind."
Said another: "This going up at a
story a tday iuterferes with ine social
life. On that Thirteenth Street building
there was a hotel wlthiu arm's reach,
and one day I got to talking with a
pretty maid—through a window. Next
duy I had to talk down to her, and next
day I had to yell to her, and in two
days more I had to say good-by.
" 'Good-by!' says she. 'Sorry to see
you go; but I'll introduce you to my
friend Katie who works on the tenth
floor.' "
Every time two stories of steel are
•omplcted the derricks must be raised.
This has been slow, cumbersome work
in the past. Only a year ago it meant
a day's work. Now they do it in from
thirty minutes to two hours. Iu the old
way they rigged a stiff-legged derrick
above, which grappled down and lifted
up the boom derrick. Iu other words,
they raised u derrick with a derrick
Now they make the derrick raise it
self. To a layman this sounds like raising one's self, by the boots. But it
cun be done, even with an eight-ton,
ninety-foot derrick. A young iron foreman solved tbe problem one duy when
his company gave him just twelve days
to put up the frame of a twelve-story
"ItVeasy enough," said he. "You
just fold up the derrick and lash boom
and mast together. Then detuch tho
main 'full' or hoisting euble from the
boom ond give it a clutch around the
mast about one-third of the length from
the top.
"Now start your winding drums
down there in the basement, and what's
going to happen? Why, the cable pulls
the whole derrick up and holds it till
we make new moorings."
They wait for nothing and obey no
precedents in the building of the express sky-scraper. While the steel
frame is hastening skywards the walls,
floors, tiling, fire-proofing, wiring—all
are racing after it. The very moment
a support is mado that renders possible
the commencement of another branch
of the work, the latter activity begins.
On a granite and brick building the
bricklayers start work—on the fifth
story, say—before the granite has reached them.    By the time the latter is
laid and meets the brick they are sever-  height has been reached,
al stories iu advance. That means sev-|    Greater speed, then? Yes, in all prob
ponsible to the "pusher." the "pi
er" to the foremen, the foremen to the
superintendent. Every kink in tbe
work, every problem of tbe vast operation—aud they are many and frequent
—filters quickly dowu to the superintendent. He solves them with a snap of
his fingers. Sometimes he bawls back
his orders through a megaphone. Oue
superintendent, au old young man, wiry,
nervous, alert, waa explaining how he
dovetailed his building gangs.
"I see," I begun, "while vou are
"No, no!" he interrupted. "Cut out
the word 'waiting.' There's no waiting—anywhere. That's just the keynote ot the job. We don't wait; w«
double up!"
"What will you do when vou finish
this job. " I asked.
"Get a harder oue," he said, grimly
The spirit of the superintendent if.
held, iu some measure, by every one of
his army of men. They, too, tuke u
savage joy iu the speed' of the work.
Each gang Beeks to outrival the other;
overy trade works for u record. Each
strives to do "stunts." The first column
up and grilled fust iu its concrete base,
is decorated with a flag—a tribute to
the gang that erected it. The last piece
of iron in the completed structure also
bears a like emblem, which waves in
honor of the whole force.
Stouesetters, bricklayers, fireproofers
—all greet the completion of their tasks
with a triumphant yell. Yesterday the
record was u hundred and fifty dray-
loads of materials laid in a day; uow
they have made the record two hundred.
The modem sky-scraper is really a
great steel cage blanketed with stone,
cement, and brick. Its walls and partitions are very thin as compared with
the old-fashioned brick processes which
took up room aud gave less strength,
which, moreover, were slow and costly
to erect. The new type of building
stands for strength and economy—and
It was new only a score of years ago.
Then the people of Chicago marvelled
over such a structure only nine stories
high,    Pedestrians   blocked   the  sidewalks in front of it and had to be dispersed by the police.   Today the fifty-
story sky-scraper hus already ceased to
be a wonder.
What does the future hold forth!
Greater  height? The  architects say
i; that a multitude of such structures
will shut out light from the streets and
make an ugly sky-line.    The limit of
Musical Organization Which Comes to the Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition, July 13-23
torferc or subtract a minute of progress.
No one takes heed of them, not eveu
the waiting line of idle iron-workers,
anxious for a job and the chances of it.
Only the best and steadiest men are employed, experienced workers, who ure
not only careful of themselves, but also
of their teain-mutcs; ami it is remarkable how the character of the ironworker has changed to meet the exactions
of these days of rapid const ruction.
In the past they were a boisterous,
swashbuckling lot. They • • flouted''
from New Orleans to Vancouver, lived
tu freight-cars, built bridges and dropped off of them with a grin and a choking "Good-by." A hero among them
was a man who had the longest fall to
his credit, or who eould toss a white-
hot rivet the greatest distance, They
lived hard and died easily. Today they
know that a man stands highest on the
payroll who takes his work and its
danger most seriously, who ulso watches
the man next to him—for in this calling one man's error often means another's life.
Even so the bridgeworker of today
hus uot loit his romantic side. He is still
the cavolior of the workaday world. See
him now, clinging like a liy to the top
ring of that lofty derrick, or swaying
in midair with oiie leg wound earolo.is-
ly about a dangling cable, or standing
upright alongside a dizzy column, hundreds of feet ubove the ground, with
nothing more substantial under his
clinging toe than an inch-wide bolt! The
plumber laying pipes iu the dark basement gets just as high a wage and his
work is quite us important. But the
ironworker gets the eyes of tho crowd
and knows it. "Cowboys of the skies"
thoy lmvo boon styled, and aptly so,
They havo many characteristics in common with their brethren of the plains.
They lovo a dare and a scampering race.
Often thoy mako and have them—wheu
tho boss is not watching, Just recently
two sky-scrapers in New York raced
up side by side—a veritable Marathon
of tho skiosl—and prodigies of daring
and foolhurdinoss were dono by the rival gangs facing each other across tho
intervening side-street, They stole each
othor's huts and wrenches as thoy
sailed up atop the loads of iron, danced
giddy hornpipes on the ends of projecting beams, triod to "best" each other
taking chances, amid tho pandemonium
of whip-snapping cables and swinging
Thoy affect extravagances and peculiarities of dress. That, nthletic-looking
follow with the grimy faeo nnd bands
appears on idle Sundays in whito flannels and  silk  hose.    Tho  man  beside
oral stories saved in time. They work
shoulder to shoulder—not an inch of
room is wasted—ou a long, mechanically
elevated platform that seems to climb
upward before your very eyes.
Already the plastering has begun—
while thero still remains a gap in the
under walls between granite and brick.
Another precedent brokenl Said a nervous young superintendent one morning,
"We begin plastering today."
"What!" expostulated the foreman,
Ho interposed objections, slowly, obstinately; the superintendent snapped
each one out of the way. They were
precedents only.
"And, now, why not.'" he concluded.
The foreman scratched his head; and
then a light hegaa to twinkle iu his eye,
the light of daring, initiative—of Americanism, fur that is what the spirit
really is. lie jumped up, shnok his
shoulders ami squared them. The
wheel horse became a racer. " I got
you," said he. "I'll have a hundred
ami fifty men ou the job by noun."
It is this dovetailing of all the various activities—from base to cornice,
from side to side, that helps most to
solve the puzzle nf rapid construction.
No trade waits for another to finish.
Each fits iu the moment another makes
a groove and all work skyward together.
Thus there may be more than a thousand men on a building at oue time.
They swarm like ants over the structure. Mauls, riveting-hammers, trowels,
wrenches, shovels, saws—join in u tre-
meiidnus chorus which may be heard for
.Around tiie base of tiie building .drays
ure fighting for room ami dumping materials rushed hither from the railroad
yards of Harlem, from the scows of the
North and East rivers, from city supply-
shops. Above all is din, dust* clamor,
and oldng, All seems confusion to tho
unpractised eye, yet out of tho vastnoss
of it, a massive, architectural, firo-
proof monument grows into the heavens
to endure for ages,
There is another remarkable feature
of the express sky-scruper—this, thut in
their construction amid the traffic-
crowded streets of the metropolis, thousands of tons of diverse materials are
whirlel Up find into place without injuring thOSO below or even impeding traffic to an appreciable degree.
All the various trades—the masons,
steamfttters, electricians, plumbers, enr-
pouters, plasterers, flre-proofers, stone-
set ters, concrete-mixers, laborers—are
organized in gangs, as are the ironwork-
ors. Each gang has its "pusher," each
trade its foreman.    The men nro res-
ability. The express sky-scraper is just
beginning, Every one*, from architect
down, is working to further its speed.
All aro simplifying processes, inventing
new mechanical aids, devising bettor
building systems. Verily, soon we shall
have "sky-scrapers while you wait."
"VfOTMIXG rouses the British public
iy like the sense of injustice done to
a fellow-creuture," said Sir Wm.
Harcourt, while ho wus Home Secretary,
and not infrequently prisoners have
found themselves the subjects of extraordinary demonstrations in their behalf.
Nearly 80,000 persons signed the petition in favor of DaiBy Lord, the poor
girl recently released after eighteen
mouths of imprisonment. She hnd boen
condemned to the gallows for tho death
of her child in tho most pitiable circumstances. In thousnuds of homes the
story of her sorrow, of her despair, of
her frenzy, hud touched tho heart and
awakened peoplo to sympathy with her
and to indignation nt what one of our
most distinguished judges once described as an "antiquated and monstrous
legal form" wblch had dictated tho
cruel sentence passed upon ber.
"Mrs. Maybrick found guilty: Sentence of death.''
That news spread through the country
one August morning iu 1889 aroused
thousands of readers of her trial to protest. The night had hardly closed upon
the spreading of tho news before petitions were being prepared uud circulated through the country for signature,
praying that the wretched girl might, be
saved from the souffohl. When completed, the Maybrick petition was the
most extraordinary one for a prisoner
the British I'slo has ever seen. It bore
no fewer than close upon a million signatures, including those of fifty-two
members of the Houso of Commons, One
of Ihe most remarkable features of tho
Maybrick appeal was that something
like thirty-five per cent, of the signatures were thoso of women.
At eleven o'clock one December night,
eight years ago, a cub drove up to the
entrance of Hollowny Prison and a man
leapt out. lle was a messenger from
the Hume Office bearing a sealed despatch from the Hume Secretary for immediate delivery into the hands nf the
governor of the prison, A few moments
later the governor, thn chaplain, and
the hoad wardress wero tramping down
the dismal corridors of tho prison to lho
cell in which was confined Miss Kitty
BlroUj  the young girl  condemned  for
tiie killiug of a stockbroker whom she
had encountered iu the street und mortally wounded with u knife before the
spectators could rush to his rescue.
Thousands of people hurried to append
their names to the petitions in her favor. Even in the stock exchange itself
people hustled one another to siga the
appeal for mercy, uad iu less thau a
week 500,000 men and women w«*M
pleading on her behalf. The Home Secretary anticipated the presentation of
the petition by commuting the senteuce,
but later on the monster petition was
carted into his office urging him to mill
gation of the sentence of penal seivi
tude for life,
Liverpool wus the centre of anothor
great, agitation for mercy in t81)8, when
the people of Lancashire were arousod
respecting the fate of a young lieutenant in the Royal Artillery, Lieutenant
Wark, who had been condemned to deuth
by Mr. Justice Darling at the preceding
assizes. Wark wus accused of the murder of a young woman. Even though
guilty, there were many circumstances
that appeared to make his offence one
for merciful consideration. The jury
had themselves strongly recommended
him to mercy, and the public found 'heir
hearts iu accord with their finding, A
manly, but at the same time toucniug,
speeeu made by the prisoner after the
verdict had a vast effect. No fewer
than 54,000 pcrsous signed the petitions
in his behalf, and the sentence was later
on commuted to one of merely three
years' penal servitude.
From morning till night people flocked to the places in Edinburgh, Glasgow,
and iu all the large towns iu Scotland
aud the North of England where petitions were lying in favor of the young
woman who had been pronounced gjilty
of the murder of Jessie Macpherson, the
housekeeper who had been discovered
mysteriously murdered iu a house in
Sandyford Place, Glasgow, The jury
had found her guilty, ond the judga hud
expressed his entire concurrence in tne
verdict, but the public regarded the case
as one of mystery. "McLachlan shall
not die!" was the cry of thousands.
Crowds flocked to the places where the
petitions in her behalf were lying, and
in tho end the sentence was commuted
to oue of life-long imprisonment.
A huge sensation was created by the
result of tho Ponge murder case, when
three persons named Staunton—two
brothers and the wife of one of them—
and a young girl were charged with the
murder of the wife of the younger
brother by starving her fo death. The
case wns the first murder trial over
which Mr. Justice Hawkins presided,
and the prisoners were defended by Sir
Edward Clarke.
But whether the death of the unfoi-
tunate woman was designed or merely
the result of callous and brutal indifference was a hard quostiou, and peoolo
gave a gasp of surprise when the trial
resulted in the batch of four persons being found guilty of wilful murder and
sentenced to death! A thrill of horror
passed through the country. Agitation
in favor of the prisoners commenced on
all sides. Over 80,000 persons attached
their signatures to thc petitions against
the death sentence being carried out.
So absurd was tho verdict and sentence
recognized to bc with regard to the girl
accused with the Stauntons that the
Home Secretary hurriedly granted hei
an absolute free pardon* The others
were saved front the gallows.
Do petitions in behalf of prisouers
hnve any effect? Some persons tia/o
questioned it. But there is really no
doubt that a petition, largely signed and
urging reusonnble grounds for revision
of n sentence, has considerable weight
with a Home Secretary.
"What the public brain thinks and
thc public heart feels," Sir Richard
Cross is said to have remarked to a legal
gentleman who sneered ut a petition ho
had received, "is worth attention. I
shall nover turu a deaf ear to a voice
pleading for mercy. I will listen and
consider though I may in the end be uu-
able to agree with it."
THE dispute arose about a statue.
Who invented the pneumatic tiref
To whom should Edinburgh give
honor in bronze or marblef To a Mr,
li. W. Thomson, who patented an air-
filled tire in 1845, or to John Dunlop,
who invented the pneumatic tire in
ISSSf Tho dispute carries tho imagination back over ono of the most astonishing episodes in our industrial history.
It begins with a mystery of invention.
It culminates iu financial operations on
u scale unexampled in our day, and the
development nf innumerable industries
connected with Ihe use of rubber.
It was, indeed, in 1845 that Thomson
patented the idea of affixing a "belt"
filled with compressed air to tho rim of
a carriage wheel, and although his in
vention never came intu practical use,
ho showed great knowledge of the good
effects which would follow from the use
uf the pneumatic tire. Thomson, However, was ahead of his time, and his tiro
found no favor.
Forty-throe years later John Dunlop,
without auy knuwledge of the Thomson
Invention, patented a pneumatic tire.
More than unco I havo heard frum Mr.
Dunlop himself the simple tale nf how
lie came to invent his device, The "safely" bicycle had thou come into vogue,
hut its wheels were shod with solid rubber tires. Mr, Dunlop's little son pis-
SOSSOd a tricycle, ami as the Dunlops
then lived in Belfast, und the Irish
roads were of very bad surface, this
veterinary surgeon applied his mind tu
contrive some means for minimizing the
harsh jolting to which his boy was subjected when ho rode his tricycle.
A rubber tube filled with oomprossed
air was evolved, and it afforded such
comfort to tho rider that Mr. Dunlop
brought tho idea before adult cyclists,
ml some enthusiasm wus aroused among
hem. But Mr. Dunlop would havo hardly been moro successful in 1888 than
Thomson in 1845 hud not another man
appeared on the scene.
Mr. Harvey du Oros was at that timo
a prominent figure in Irish sporting
circles, and his sons woro famous for
oir prowess in cycle racing. With true
business instinct, Mr. du Cros saw the
immense possibilities of the pneumatic
tire for cycles, and ho throw himself
heart and soul into the work of making
this crude invention practicable. His
early efforts wore greeted wtih derision.
Cyclists ami cycle manufacturers scoffed
at tho clumsy "bolster" tyro offered to
them, uud almost without exception ox-
ports declared against it.
Then Mr. du Cros brought a band of
Irish cyclists, including his sons and Mr.
K. J. .\hv.e,;. to England, uud tbvy
gained sweeping victories with thc pneumatic tire ou the racing track. It waa
evident now that the new invention
would eventually triumph, but a long
aud desperate light against conservatism
and prejudice had still to be waged, and
it is reasonable to assume that' but for
the enterprise aad ability of Mr. Harvey
da Cros Mr. Dunlop's invention might
have loin dormant for many years. Had
this been the case the whole progress
of modern locomotion from motoring to
airmanship would have been checked,
for we eau trace the direct influence of
tne air-tilled tire iu all the astonishing
developments or' the last twenty-two
years. So from the bad state of'Irish
roads, from the solicitude of a fond parent to make smooth progress for his
son's cycle over rough roadB, Thomson's
idea wus re-created, and this time the
right mau was at hand to develop the
From the pneumatic tired bicycle
theie evolved naturally the idea of fitting air tires to motor cars, and iu this
direction France led the way. Tbe
crude mechanism of the early motors
was saved from the rough vibration of
the roads, and the automobile improved
with amazing swiftness as soon as these
tires were employed. With the progress
of the motor car came the perfecting of
the petrol eugiue aud its application to
mattifold purposes. Last of all, it made
the airship and the aeroplane possible,
and in each of these vessels rubber fabric is extensively employed.
Follow the evolution from small to
great. Today cycles are numbered in
millions, the total iu the United Kingdom being over three millions. There
ure close on 130,000 motor vehicles in
the United Kingdom, and the world's
total must soon approximate to half a
million. All over the globe the trail of
the air-filled tire has been laid by millions and millions of wheels, and 'the
road is becoming once more the maiu
artery of our social system. In the air,
too, we are tracing new routes by the
aid of the petrol engine. Airships are
being built by every great Power, and
of aeroplaues France alone has already
nearly two hundred, most of them fitted
with pneumatic tired wheels, With all
this has come the creation of innumerable allied industries, perhaps the most
remarkable industrial development being that in connectiou with the production of raw rubber.
And this colossal factor in our industrial life has come into existence because of a discomfort to a child cycling
along the rough roads of Ireland.
Whether of Dunlop or of Thomson, Edinburgh 's statue will not be without signi-
flcance as a symbol in our industrial history.
SPEAKING against time is common
enough in most Parliaments, but
praying against time is something
new. The Washington Times, however,
tells of such an occurrence, which once
happened in the United States capital.
Members of the House, who had congregated iu the cloak room during the
general debate ou the tariff, were discussing the recent prayer of the Rev.
Mr, Coudrey, the House chaplain, deploring muckraking.
"For some reasou," suid one of the
veteran members, "the chaplain's
prayer reminded me of the most amusing incident I ever say during my entiro
service in the House of Representatives.
The incident occurred many years ago,
so £ have forgotten the names of the
actors, but there are still some members
of the House who recall it.
"One day the journal clerk rushed
into the House while the chaplain was
praying. He looked through the drawers of his desk in a hasty manner and
then hustled to the side of the chaplain.
" 'Keep on praying,' he urged earnestly,   'We can't find the journal.'
"Mr. Chaplain was so startled that
he faltered iu his prayer, but after a
moment he seemed to grasp the situation. He bowed his head still lower
and continued to pray. Tho usual timo
devoted to prayer in the House is about
a minute. Members begau to shift un-
easily on their feet, to look at their
watches, and, instead of bowing their
heads in reverence, thev looked at the
Speaker, pleadingly. Tue Speaker, evidently, had been informed of tbe difficult uud, realizing that the business
of the House could not proceed without
the journal, he was willing that the
members get plenty of prayer. After
ten minutes' solid praying the preacher
showed signs of getting nervous. He
knew the members wero getting restive
and he looked down to one of the clerks.
'' ' Don't stop,' pleaded the clerk.
'We haven't found it yet.'
"The preacher did not stop until he
had been praying for fifteen minutes,
nt the end of which time the journal
clerk rushed Into the House bearing the
precious book under his arm.
" 'Amen',' said the chaplain witb a
sigh of relief, ami the Hpoaker promptly
ordered the clerk to rend the journal
of the proceding day's business."
Deep In the ore-boat's hold
Whoro grout-bulked boilers loom
And yawning mouths of fire
Irradiate the gloom.
I,saw half-naked men
Mnde thrall to flame and steam,
Whoso bodies, dripping sweat,
Shone with nn oily gleam.
There, all thc sullen night,
While waves boomed overhead
And smote the lurching ship,
Tho ravenous fires thoy fed;
Thoy did not think it brave;
Thoy even dared to jokot .  .
I saw them light their pipes
And puff calm rings of smoke! . .i
I saw a passer sprawl
Over his load of coal—
At which a fireman laughed i
Until it shook his soul: t
All this in a hollow shell
Whose half-submerged form
On Lake Superior tossed
'Mid rushing hills of storm t
-Hnrry Kemp, iu American Magazine
girl at
TOHXNV: "Dad, there's a
' Postscript'.''
Dnd: " 'Postscript'! Whatever do
you call her 'Postscript' fort"
Little Johnny: '"Cos her namo is
\deliao Moore!"
Thirteen tons to tbo aero is the over*
nge yield of onions raised by intensive
farming in tho vicinity of Valencia.
Folding Go-Carts $10.50
For Mixed Paints,
Floor Stains,
Wall Paper,
Furniture, eto.
Is the place
T.   E.   BATE js
Capital $5,000,000
Reserve 85,700,000
©F eftNftDft
Draft* Issued tn any currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
H. F. Montgomery, Manager J7
Mr and Mrs. F. B. Otoutier, of Duncan, arrived in Cuinberlitml this »eek.
Mr. W. T. Jackson, nf Th*. Daily Hn
vli co    Vancouver,   *i*s   n    i**^v    li s
tin i uiiuj<hUii»lii -law       u.   t.,1        .<      Iiib
The Misses Johnson loft on Thursday
for their home in Victoria, after a Week's
visit in this City ot (_>pp. rtunitios.
Mr. J. McKenzie, of Nanaimo, arrive'
this wtuk on a two week visit t<> Mr. umi
Mrs. T. lUi.ks.
Mian Ingham retU'ned oti Sunday froni
a two weeks vacation spent in visiting
friends in Vancouver, Seattle nud Lady*
U. N. Shnw, uf tin' Nanaitmi branch *»f lh« Inter-
national Coireipondenee tichoolt, Kcnuitoti, l'n.,
wtll Arrive in town nu Wedliettlay, umi remain u
neck on liuMutMn
It ti iintlitHitatWvly stated that lheCanad.au
Colleries will tniitd a new mining camp in tbis
district in the vicinity of No. 8.
S. C. White Leghorns
402 Pullets laid in-
January- - 7616
February - 7310
Maroh   -   -  8ti06
Ai »i  por Mnl fnr Mi iluys S8..    1'liis rncnrd
in  'll  '•■ill.n  Ill-  N    V.ia'iinili wail
■ion,    nuw bliiliwlll inaU'snua lnK'dln» Mi.a
tor mil   f. ii.-,-ss .-unti. :i.yi..!.l brawler. $1.60 ciu-li
IM'M'AN. ll.C.
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Biggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call
General Merchants, Courtenay.
New boi-1 will be rented out on Mon
day next from 10 a. tn. until ti p in.
V en1 nt box holder" will oblige Postmaster by returning old keys.
L.   W.  NllNNS
Cumberland, B. C.
August 6ih., 1910.
Cumberland  &  Union Waterworks Co., Ltd.
Sprinkling will be allowed only
between the hours of 7 to 8 a.m. nnd
7 to 8 p.m.
Leaking taps muat lie attended to.
Any changes or additions to existing
piping must be sanctioned by the
A. McKmgiit,
Try a bottle of Elderweiss Cream
for Sunburns and Roughness
of the Skin
We have a Full Stock of Nyal's Remedies, which
are always reliable   •   ■   ■   •   Ask for Nyal's
The Best and Cheapest Supply of Brushes, Combs
and Toilet Articles    :     :     :     :    Give us a call
Notice is hereby given tlmt one
month after dnte I intend to apply to
ihe Superintendant of Provincial
Police fur a trunsfer of the Liquor
License now held hy ine for and in
respect of the Elk Hutel, Comox, li.C,
untoC. A. Martin.
Dated at Comox this 22nd dny of
July, lltlO.
G. G. McDonald.
Dealer in Bicycles   nnd   Gas j
Engine Supplies j
English nnd American Wheats from \
.40 up, also Secondhand Wheels   i
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Figs for Hire
Livery and team work promptlj
attended to
l.in'.ttl Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
Go to
d. JACK, Jr.
For Candy. Fruit, Ice Cream
and Light Luncheons   j3
Display Advertisements
75 cons por column inch per month.
Special rae for half page or more,
Condensed Advertisements
1 een, 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cent.
No aceouns run for his class of adverising.
Notice of Examinations.
NOTICE ia hereby given that: examination! will be held fur 1st, 2nd
and 3rd Class Certificates of ''ompofency
under tbe provisions of the " Goal Mines
Regulation Act" at Nanaimo, Fernie,
Cumberland and Merritt, un the 18th,
17th and 18th days of August, 1!)'0,
c'linmencinif at 9 o'clock in the forenoon.
The subjects will b« at follows \-~
First Class Candidates—
Miuii'if AooandSpecial Hulea.
Mine (rases.
Gene al Woik,
Mine Machinery.
Second Class Candidates—
Mining A-;t and Special Rules.
Mine (raees.
General Work.
Third Class Candidates—
Minim.' Act and Special Itnles,
Mine Ctses and General \Vnrk.
Application must he made tu the undersigned not later than Mut-il-y, AiiuiiH'
H li, )!M0, accompanied hy he statutory
fee, as follow* : —
Hy an applicant fur Firll Clans
Examination  §10 CU
Byau applicant fur Sec ndClass
Examination      10 00
Hy au applicant fur Third Class
Examination       5 00
The applicatiuus mu-i be accompanied
hy original testimonials and evldeiiOi
stating that:—
(a.) If a candidate fur First Class, that
hu in a Hii'ish suhj-ct and has lid at
least tive ye<rs txperlet.ee in ur about
ihe practical working of a coal-mine, and
in at least twenty-live years uf age.
(b ) If a candidate fnr Second C1at»,
that he has had at least five years experience in or abuut the practical working of a coal-mine,
(c.) If a candidate for Third Class,
that he has had at least three years experience in or about the practical working of a coal-mine.
(d.) A candidate for a Certificate of
Competency M Manager, Overman,Shift
boss, Firubuss ur Snotlighter shall pro«
'luce a certificate frum a medical prac
titioner, duly qualified tu practise an
such in the Province uf British Oolumbla,
showing that he has taken a c ursa in
ambulance work fitting him, the saiil candidate, to give tirst aid to persons injured
in coal-miuing operations.
liy order of thu Hoard.
Nanaimo, B.C., July 6lh. 1910.
:    :    :   CEIVED   :    :    :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Notice is hereby given tlmt on bhe
13th day of September next application will lie nnule t<- the Superintendent of Provinciul Police for tin* grant
of h license for the pule of liquor by
wholesale in and upon the premises
known ns Pilsener Brewing Co., Ltd.,
situated at Cumberland, B.C., upon
llie hinds described ns Sub. i.ut I, of
Loi 24, Nelson District.
Dated this 12th dny of August,
PiiSKNRii Brewing Co., Ijtd.
Per \V. F, Kamwiy, applicant.
mission   Aornov.      Kents and
Debts Collected, Brokerage, Heal
Estate nnd  Auctioneers, Thorn-
hon    Building,    Dunsmuir    Av nue.
Cuiuherl I    Phone IT-   John Thom
son, Manager.
Uave Victoria fla.m, Tuesday
Arrive NmialiiMi '■'< ji in Tuesiluy
Ll'hvi- Natiulinti •"'.•i|i p.m. Tiiusilay
Arrive Utilun Uny Hl.au |  Tinwilay
Leave Union llaySa.ni weilmwday
AiTlvd Nftimlmofi |i hi. Weilhiwilay
Arrive Vancouver MO p in. Wednesday
Li'iivu Vancouver8 rv.ni. Thursday
Arrivu Nanalmo 12 m p.ui, Thursday
Leavo Naiiutmo l pin. Thursday
Arrivu Union Uay 7,:<o p.m. Thursday
Friday ami Saturday roiioat trips of Wednesday
ami Thursday
Leavo Union Uny 12.1ft a.m. Sunday
Arrive Nfuiahnn 0 a in, Sunday
Arrive Victorin i p.m. Sunday
Pur rates and Information relative to Intor.
mediate points nf cull, apply to
C. B.   FOSTER, W.    McOIRR,
A. O. P. A., A sent,
Vancouver,    B.C.      Nunuliuo,   B.C.
Autos for Hire
Motor Launches on the Lake
Torn). roftBoiinble. Phonfl tiH.
— GOOD —
Anything      ^§^j
ln the
Jewellery      s-i%
on a Small
Next door to Eoyal Bank, opposite Post Office
Little cubes of metal
Little tubes of ink ;
Brains, and the printing presses
Make the millions think
There is no better
way of making the
people of this district think of you
than through an advertisement in
The   Islander
(Rrmaininq Oambs),
Any. 14—Union at Ouurtenay,
Aug. 21—Ulilon nt CuinborlanJ.
Any. 28—Courtenay at Union.
Sept.  4 — Ouinherla H at Union.
Sept, 11—0niun al Unuttenay.
Supt. IS—Cumbtu'ltiml at Ouurtenay,
The G« cliran Co., of Spnkane, Wash ,
linn Booured a stnru building uu DuiiBiuuir
Avctiui1 whjoh wiil hu vaoati d almu
St'pU'ii-h.'r 1st. Thin CuinpHiiJ will np» u
up in Imrtiiii-.-i. witli it full Inu. nf Lailius
and liiiiiin furniHliin^a.
Watch thn noxt ibbuc of Tho Islander
fur cartnniiH by nur own Rpi'cUl artiiit, of
tho membera uf tho I'llmner Hifilmll
Team, ab tiny appear iu action un thu dia
A certain couple in town whose sNick <>f
initijmonial bliss haa n<>t boon entirely
without alloy, busted, ahattered, and
ci inplettlj br ke the bond which hold
tlu in as one, this week, when articles of
separation were signed and tiled.
On WodltSfiday nl^ht, when a train of cam was
panning Chinatown, witix to Nn. 4, a Chinaman
I'liilinvnr.'d tu climb tlic Hmt car tn get a ride t»
tiie liiku. Ilu l»Ht IiIh fiHJliinlil ami fell bem-alli the
hiiiii, ilifnirs frn^liiiiK hU li'njni Utile below the
kneea I'lm vktitu died a t.w hours later at ths
On IVfldny nicht Tom Memon was Injured In
No. ;'• Mini', >>y K(|hiK betwevn a trip of inn to lift
om> on tin; truck.   Aa hi> *-n In a stooped poxltiun
to lift thu car tt|e mule slatted, dragging hlm 16 oj
20 foet and injuring Iiim about tho Imily. He was
takon to thu lioHpltal.
TllO 'Mixtures Football Team claim tliry have a
Itrntig lini'-np, nnd are willing lo meet any team
tloilrmis of niit'tiiiiiiK possesslnn of the cup nnw
held by Ihem. They are also after the eup held by
No. b team, as well as the district cup.
Another diamond drill outfit arrived In town this
week, anil is now beinc operated In the work of
prospecting for new coal beds lu the district.


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