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The Islander Dec 24, 1910

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Array iy
. . for  Ladles . .
FancytCollars, Handkerchiefs
Handbags, Silk & Nett__lo.se
Fey Back and Side Combs at
Campbell bros.
<!■> _r\
'■■a','   _':™.
%*-j .'_.
for Gentlemen . .
Neckwear, Fana>Silk WA
Suspenders, Handkerchiefs,
Armbands, etc   at
Ko. 30
—■   —^i.  .     —a  i       . — .... ,.,.,
Subscription price 11,50
Locals Leave for Lady
smith To-morrow
Tomorrow llie local foulliall boys
leave (or Ludysinith where tliey will
play the Provincial Champions on
their own grounds in a return game,
The Ladysmith hoys know thin
time just how tough a proposition they
•ra up against aud uu their own
grounds, cheered ou by their Own rooters they will uo doubt muke a vallum
effort to retreive the honors tliey lust
when they met the Cumberland boya
in the city a tew weeks ago,
The utmost confidence is expressed
in this city iu the ability of the local
boys to adiniu.ster quite as decisive u
beating tu the boys frum the Siueltei
city on this occasion us on the lust.
Cumberland will be represented on
Sunday by au eveu stronger team
than that which upheld the honor of
this eity last time.
The following is lho way the team
will line up on Sunday:-
Goal;—A. Clarke
Backs;—Ci. McLean, and W.Sutherland.
Half Backs-K. Wynne, Jack
Williams and A. Cairns.
Forward!";—Joe Williams, R.
Brown, Carney, A. Bootlmian, aud J.
Reserves;—A. Williamson and W
Captain;—W.  Sutherland
Manager of the team;—J. Beunic
.On Monday the Leys will take tin
field agaiust the strong Nanaimo team,
• team that is almost as good as the
Ladysmith bunch aud can he relied upon to give the buys nn interesting
About forty local enthusiasts will
accompany the team tu cheer them ou
to victory.
Tno ma ugeuieut of the uniting picture show at die Uuuiberianu Hah
wishes to announce ttiat they are iu t-
position to show Bison tiliua and all)
other films obtainable in Bluish G. luu.*
bia, and take this opportunity of wishing their friends and patrons a Men)
M.ssil Kendo M h..d„ and J. Ciy 1
left by the S. S. Cowichan for Vancouver on Sunday last, uu a pleasure trip.
Mr. and Mrs. Ormonde T. Smith"
left by tne S. S. City of Nanaimo 01.
Thursday morning for their uld homi
in 0 wichau, where tiny will sptnn
Christinas ami Now Year with relatives
•ud Iriends.
Mr> Suiithc, mutlur I th. editor
of ihls pnun, auu Hei slate"-, Miss Kiel',
lelulll U to tlieir nolllo 111 a< iiiuii is by
Thursday's b>at, after spending a couple
of weeks with relatives iu Cumberland.
The staff uf Tub Islindir uke this
opportunity of wishing their many
ftieuds a Merry Christinas aud all sorts
ef guud wishes for a Happy and Pros,
peroua New Year.
The following were registered st the
Cumberland Hotel this week:
F. Jepson,
0. Darling,
George N. Shaw,
.1. M. Shields,
J. Renfree,
8. MoR. (smith,
Thos. S. Futcher,
J. H. Vaugbsu,
The second of the Wnlker-Lycuni
attractions to uppenr here under the
auspiqes of the Maccabees was a grout
success, though of a very ilitt'eront
class, as Hie attraction which appeared here a montli ago.
Although the performance on Sat
urdiiy night left the Maucaliees with n
liulance 011 the right side of alxiut $30
it was never llie less not so grent a
'Ucocss financially as the effort of the
Maccabees deserved.
The gruss receipts from Fridays
performance was $58.50 and uu Saturday * 101.21)
Of the performers Mr Eckhanlt
wus the bright particular star while
Mr Gregg also acquitted himself cred-
The third of ihe Walker-Lycet m
attractions will appear in the middle
of Jnnunry when "Managing Mildred"
will lie presented to a Cumberland
To the Editor Islander.
Sir:—Having spent the other eveniug
reading Beatrice Harradan'a "Ships that
Pass iu the Night," I was aumewhat
forcibly reminded of the "Midnight Philosopher's" ruminations in your iuue of
the 7th aud the heavy harvest uf the
grim reaper's sickle recently in uur immediate neighborhood, as chronicled in
yuur psges.
The part thst turned my thoughts in
these directions wu the conversation be-
tweeu Bernardino and  the  disagreeable
He said, "I believe you came out ti
the country to-day to seek for cheerful-
uses," he said after a pause. "Have you
found it?"
'I do not know," she answered. "It
takes me some time to recover from
shucks ; and Mr. Ketfold's death wss
sorrow to me. What do you think abou
death ; have you any theories about
death, snd the bridges between them ;
Could yuu ssy anything to help one 1"
Nothing," he answered,  "who could,
and by what means ? "   "Hss there been
nu no value in philosophy,"  she  asked.
and the meditations of learned men 1"
"Philosophy," he sneered, "what has
it done for us 1 It has taught us som.
processes of the mind's working ; taughi
us a few wonderful things which interest
the few; but the centuries have come anil
one, and the only thing which th.
whole human race wants to know, remains unknown.
Our beloved ones, shall we meet them,
and how? The great secret of the universe; we ask fur bread and these philosophers give us a stone. Whst help
could come from them, ur from anyone I
Death ia simply one of the hard facts ol
"And the greatest evil," she said."
We weave our romances about the
next wrld," he continued, "but the
plot is slwsys the same: our beloven
ones, shall we meet them, aud how, isn't
it pitiful ?''
She said, "there was a time when 1
felt like that; but nnw I have learnt
something better, that we need not be
ashamed of being human; above all 01
having lhe best of human instincts, lovi
and the passionate wish for its continuance, and the unceasing giief at its with
drawal. There is no indignity in this
nor any trace of weakmindedness in ou>
restless craving to know about the hen •
after, aud the possibilities of meeting
again all those whom we haxe lost here.
It is right, snd natural, and lovely, thai
it should bs the most important quest
ion. Do we want to know first and
foremost whether we shall do our work
better elsewhere; whether we shall bi
endowed with more wisdom; whether ai
poor Cr. Reffuld uid we shall be glad ti
behave less like curs, and mure like heroes."
Having read this far 1 turned back to
an earlier chapter uf the buck and reread Bernardino's answer to Mr. Keff.-lu
when he uid to her just before his deatl
"I have something un   my  mind,   you
per year.
Italians \ Heavily
Fined For Assault
Upon Chief of Police
A Inrge number of citiiens appeared at the Magistrate's Court on Tuesday to hear' the evidence in the cases
against the Italians for swearing on
the public street, and for aggravate!
assault upon a constable in the discharge of his duty.
Tlm oases were tried hefore Police
Magistrate Abrams and J's. P. Shaw
and Macdonald.
The tirst case called was against
lolm Cacello for swearing on the public street. He pleading guilty and
wus finded S10 and costs.
The next esse was for a similar
offense and Messrs Cnvaleria and Richi
were called to answer to the chnrge.
Chief of Police McLellnn told of
dnding a crowd of Italians making a
loud noise and obstructing the street
nt aliout 9.30 p. 111. on ibe previous
Thursday nenr the Vendome Hotel,
lie hud touched Cavalerio and said,-
"out out the noise, boys, and move on'
but got some very foul language iu
reply. He then took the man under
arrest, when a number of Italians
uesent grabbed him and separated
.dm from the prisoner who escaped
hrough the bar room door.
Cross examined by Mr finnnermaii
if Nanaimo who uppeared for the defense, lie said the language was very
loud and disquieting. He had never
ind any trouble with lhe prisoners lie-
tore. There was a number of women
in the street. He could not ssy if
tbey hcaid tbe foul language or not.
I'liey appeared lo as they stepped on
die opposite side of the street When
told by the council for the defense that
ii certain fuul phrase was not swearing but merely indicated that a man
was a dog, the constable remembered
ther prases thut had lieen applied tobini
tnd amended liis evidence to include
bese also. When asked why he did
iol persuade the men to enter the bar
room and keep quiet, the chief replied
hat he was not paid to persuade men
0 enter bur rooms, he had asked the
lien once to keep quiet antl they hail
,-efused. He did not consider a second
varning necessary.
Vincent Cavalerio called, told of
coining out of the Vendome snd ste-
mg 4 or 6 Italians on the street. He
saw tbe arrest of his brother. He
Heard no swearing although he was
in a position to hear it.
Jas Smith told uf walking down the
<treet just previous to the trouble.
I'heru were 5 ur 6 Italians on the side-
■will; but he heard no foul language and
he sidewalk was not obstructed, He
passed the constahle just a few yards
must Imve thought a good deal I suppose, about life and death, I never
thought at all.   Dies it matter ,"
if 1 were you," ahe uid, "1 should
not worry; just make up your mind to
Jo better wheu you get another chance.
Oue can't do more than that; that is
what 1 shall think of. Each one of ui
«dl take it and do better. I aad you
ind everyone, Lo there is no need tn
fret over failure wheu one hopes to re
diem that failure later on. Besides
which life is very hard; why we ourselves recognize that. If there be a God
some intelligence greater than human intelligence (and who doubts that) he will
understand better than ourselves that
life is hsrd sod difficult, and he will be
istonished not becssoe wi are not bei
At lsut that would be my notion of a
Ood; I would nut worry if I were you.
Just make up your mind to do better, if
you gee the ohance, and be content with
Better ox Before.
at the other side of the crowd of Italians but did not see the arrest. H>
heard a disturbance by the time hn gol
opposite the Big Store.
Hugh Bate told of being in the Vendome Hotel. He saw McLellan eomt
in and lay to one man "I want you"
whom  he dragged  the prisoner out.
There may have been swearing out
side, he heard none.
Henri Traino was another who
heard no swearing on the street. Tin
men kept quiet when told to.
Jno. Conti al«o gave evidence slonj
the same lines.
, After considering the evidence the
judge deoided that the men wen
guilty as charged and fined the mei
$5.00 and costs.
The nut case called was against
Vincent Cavalerio and John. Richo
for interfearing with a constable in
the dischnrge of his duty, and arose
out of the case reported above.
Dr McNaughton, called told of hav.
ing attended constable McLellan between 10 and 11 o'clock on Thursday
night. He had a gash over the rig't
eye which extended into the lining of
the bone, and which had required 2
stitches. There was also an ubrusiun
on the left arm apparently tho result
of a bite. He had also attention
Cavalerio, who was bleeding from n
sealp wound. The men had uppeurc
to lie intoxicated. Cross examined
tiie doctor stated thut the wound ii
J he' constables head may have beei
caused by a full. He wns curtain tin
wound on his hand was from teeth
Chief McLellan told of having been
separated from his prisoner, and of
recapturing him behind the Wuverly
Hotel after a hot chase and putting
ihe twisters on his wrist. Vincent
Cavelerio and Jno. Richo then came
along and again tried to get his prisoner away. When he got to first street
they started to kick and bite him and
the prisoner alio had kicked him.
There was a third Italian also, whose
name he had been unable to find out,
He put his hand in his pocket apparently to draw a knife, and this man
he had knock* I down. He had hollered for help and Hugh Ruasel bail
come to his assistance sud tried
to drag his his assailants oil'.
He had told Mr. Russell to
ring the fire bell, and Russell
d him "For God's sake let
the man g" before you get hurt!'
Itussell had later rung the bell as requested and his assailants had run.
Hugh Russell next gave his evidence
Hs had someone call f r help and had
immediately gone to his awiatanc*. He
found three or four men struggling
with Ihe policeman, and he recognised
the prisoners u having been th* assail-
ants. The Chief had told him to ring
the fire bell, but th* affair looked so
serious that he toek hold of Richo, whom
he knew personally, sud triad to drag
him off. Th* constable kept hold ol
bis prisoner, who wu struggling On
being told th* st-cond tlm* to ring tS»
bell he had done so. He wu excited
aud did not know at tbe time just what
ha should do. Crou-*samined he uid
he had seen the Italians strike the policeman with their lie's.    He uw Rich-
0 strike th* constable. The policeman
wu sober at the time, lie did nol
know if he ever drank.
Rubo, called, told of being thrown
uut of the hotel by the constable. He
started home when he met a broi her o'
Cavalerio who asked hiin to go back
with him and go bail for Charlie Cnval-
eriu. He heard Cavalerio edl for help
as the const able wss breaking liis arm,
with the twisters, lle askod the dilutable to let the man go and he would bi
responsible fur him. The policeman hail
struck him, but he had not gone close to
thfl policeman. The cunstabl.) had conn
w hia home later to arrest him, aim
whan hia wifs went to the dour, shoveti
* revolver In her face. Crnss-exxinmed,
he uid h» was not within live or six
fast uf th* constable, lie was uut struck
and he uw no une hit McLellau.
Eurioho Trino, tuld of the arrest. He
heard Richo ask the constable to bt
Charlie go, and offer bail for him. Ht
did uut se* Richo strike the cuustable;lir
lid not see Russell at all.
Vinoent Cavalerio tuld uf guing to set
tbout his brothflr i.fter his arrest. Hi
uw him with th* constable ou First St.
tnd uk*d him to let his brother go home
Tb* oonslahl* told him tu get away and
that "he would get it after." His brother complained that his arm wu being
broken, and he placed his hand 011 the
constable's shoulder. The constabb
j*rk*d hia brother twice and they both
fell over on the ground. He ran away
when th* bell rang. On his way home
hs thuught uf bsiliing hia brother nut
and started baok. The constable met
him and hit him over the head with hii
club withuut any warning, aud tlm.
dragged him through tho mud. Cross
examined he said he did not know whet h
r it was one or twelve inches of mud,
iVhon. asked whether he coukl shoa
the clothes with the mud on, he ssiu
ne thought they had boon wwhttl.
After about ten minutes deliberation
1 verdiot uf "guilty" wu brought in,
.nd the prisoueis fined $60 audi, or in
default four months iu prison.
Union Bay.
Mrs Fred Brown returned home on
Wednesday from a short visit tu friends
in Victoria.
The school closed ou Friday fur the
Xmas vacation. Many prizes were a-
warded to the scholars of each ruom.
Among others Miss A Brown, for bust
essay written on a far distant country
of "A trip to Japan." Miss R. Haggard for the best esssy written of "Union
Bay."   •
Miss Few, Mrs Booth and her niece,
Miu K. Pauline, were passengers to Victoria on Saturday.
Mrs Wm Riley left on Saturday's brat
to spend Xinas with her sister, Mrs Thos
Huggsn uf Kaat Burnaby.
Mrs Jno. Cuok returned to her home
in Vancouver after an extended visit to
ner daughter, Mra Alex. McLeod.
Miu Gsnner of the Nelson Hotel was
an uut guing passenger un Sunday.
Mrs Omen, wife of the book-keeper of
'he C. P. R. camp, left uu an extended
visit tu her old home in Michigan.
Mr D. Johns snd Mr .Ino Morgan aim
have been spending twu weeks   with Mr
and Mrs.   Dave Kenwick,   left   on the
Cowichan Sunday
Miu Muriel Stirtin of Victoria is the
guut ol Miss tlreta Brown.
Mr Chu Bird who has heen visiting
friends in Union Bay and Mr J. Drosky
of thfl Anderson's Logging Co left ou
Tuesday's host.
Th* Anderson's Logging Camp, lias
closed f-r the winter months, most of
tho employers left   011 Sundays .Steam-
acted Last Monday
A regulnr meeting of thc City Conn-
nil wus held at the Council Chamber*
ui Monday night, the Mayor and
ildennen McLeod, Merrifield, Hornal
ind,Stewart being present.
The minutes of the previous meet-
1 ng were adopted us read. .'
Communications;—From J. Suther-
'und, Vnnconvcr, representing the
IMgar Chemical Engine Co., offering
o supply the city With a chemical
mglne for $275 plus freight from Bos-
mi.    Received and  filed.
From Man To Man Magszine, V«n-
souver requesting an article from tb*
Hay or on tbo progress of tbe City
luring 1910. The City Clerk wm
instructed to diaft up the article.
From W. Templeman, Minister of
Inland Revenue, acknowledging let.
'er from the City Clerk of Nov. 28th.,
ro case of Edward Smith, and certificate ns to the ninns condition from Dr
lillespie, and stating that the coni-
lunitation luul licen forwarded to ttie
dinkier of the Interior wbo adminis-
urs tbe immigration laws of the
country,—Received and filed.
It was left in tbo bunds of the City
'lerk to select a place for polling,
The City Clerk wus appointed the
Ket inning officer for thc furth coming
Mr Palmer was appointed-to audit
bu Municipal accounts at the usual
Aldermen Merrifield aud Hornal
vere appointed purchasing agent* for
the cily, to select u new gee-gee-vice
the incumbent placed.upon the pension
The Mnyor brought up the disgrace-
lull condition of Dunsmuir Avenue at
its lower end, and 90 motion it waa
put up lo the Hoard df Works to bave
the suine repaired. ' ''* v
The Byluw to abolish'the Ward System wus put through its preliminary
•endings and a special meeting will be
held on Wednesday next to dispose of
the question.
Hills to tho nmount of $166.15 were
referred to the Finance Committee.
A petition was received from W. C.
T. U. requesting tho Council to refuse
in application for a boxing contest in
ibis city on New Years Day.
A writ ton request from Wm. Cab-
'ium to hold such a contest wa* alao
Thu council decided not to allow
the contest to bo held,
0 H Fechncr, Riverside Hotel, Cuurtenay, invites tender* for th* construction of ths following buildings:—One
Business Block, 90 x 40, on a lot situate
in Courtsnay and immediately adjoining
th* Optra Huuse, also one Livery Barn,
70 x 40 situate immediately behind the
Riverside Hotel, Courtenay. Plant and
specifications of ths proposed buildings
may bfl inspected at the ofllce nf G. R
Bates, Real Estate Agent, (Ipera Houso,
Courtenay by whom all tenders must be
received not later than noon, Monday
tnd. day of January 11)11. The lowest
0* any tender uot necessarily accepted.
In oiled Oct. 3rd. _\
Tuesday morning
Wednesday afternoon
Friday afternoon
Saturday night overland
Sunday, about 9.80 n. 111.
Tuesiluy— 0.IE n. 111.
Thursday—6.15 11. in.
Saturday—ti.lb ft, in
Sunday, about 1 p. iu.
We note that O. R. Bates recently
irom the Nicola Valley has opened an
olliee in Courtenay where he intends
10 carry 01111 Heal Estsate Business.
Thoso having properties faraale or
ivlshing tu invest would do well.to consult with bim. During the twelve
months previous to his leaving tb*
Nicola Vnlley Mr. llutes handled up.
wards of fifteen thousand acres of land
in tlini vicinity,
Cartwright is selling all Xmas goods
nt less than cost this week.
Mrs. Siniiiis can receive moro pupils
for pinno lessons daily (except Tuesday) ut any timo by arrangement.
Camp Cumberland
The Masquerade Bull at Courtenay
on Monduy next promises to be an
unusually enjoyable affair, and no stone
is being left unturned by the committee in charge to make it such. A
largo number of ( iiinberlanders intend taking iu tbo event A nura-
her of excellent prizes have been offered for the prize winners in the diflor-
enl clnssos. The music will bo furnished by tbo Hoy, Morgan aud Monte orchestra. Till: Isr.ANT.EH. Cl'M-ERLANP, B.C.
China—A Permanent Empire
By Gilbert Roid
YOU foreigners Jo not understand us.
i'ou judge u» frum a Western
polht oi' view. Because our ha-
bits, our scholarship, our govornmout,
are not tbe samo aa yours, you tli ink
tbnt wu must nil bo lu tho wrung."
Tbis complaint of intelligent Chiueso
£ bave hoard a hundred limns. At the
best, it in hard fur Americana to appreciate the Chinese struggles, diflicultioB,
and determination, or to grasp the full
significance of tho varied movements
that are today swooping across that
vast empire.
Even the Chinese aru bewildered by
their own doings—or mlsdolugs. What,
happened yesterday may bo rovcrsod tomorrow. A conclusion, apparently foi in
e<i from good reasoning, is upset by n
end ilea turn or an unexpected dash.
Ail aloii» wc have Bpoken of the Chinese as plain, patient, practical, plodding
—and our cliafactorisation has been correct; but, to our amazement, thoy aro
just us prono as the most fanatical ol'
dreamers lo hm into nil manner of
vagaries, lo seize bold of tbe wildest
of rumors, and to enter into the most
senseless of schomefl. Why Bhould they
abide us that WO do not understand
them, when thoy do not understand
If there nro errors in our calculation
of things already done by that ancient
people, can wo hope to escape that
Stumbling when v/a surmise about what
China is to bet Surely 1 may be pardoned, if out of an experience of nearly
thirty years with tbo mandarins aud
other thinking Chinese, I doign to turn
toward tho future, linking it on as boat
I can to lho varied scenes of China's
drama in the years of tho past, Tbo
reader will nut murmur If I think it
out in my own way but with strong
conviction and even stronger hope.
I might as well acknowledge at the
outset [hat T am moro hopeful of the
Chinese future Chan the average Chin
esc. Why should it not bo sof I have
breathed from childhood tho air of
good cheer and havo learned tbe good
sound doctrines—may tbey never die
out of our lifei™of "faith, hope and
charity," while tho Chinese of tbe modem type, through suspicion, fear, aud
resentment, and the eating of many
bitter pills forced down their throats
by ruthless, alien bauds, aro pessimistic
ss to themselves and misanthropic as to
For this reason, I would not forecast
China's future as Uio Chinese In thoir
gloomy forebodings may do, but rather
as 1 myself, with a moro hopeful view
of life, might argue and thereupon secure their agreement. Thn lato Princo
Kung, ono of the keenest minds in
modern times, with a successful public
career of nearly forty yoars, had no
hopo for his country, for tho possibility
of reform, or for Uio security of tbe
government. Whon tho British Minis
ter, Sir Nicholas O'Connor, was leaving Pekin in 189G on transfer to St.
Petersburg, ho exhorted tho Prince to
take the load in initiating noedod re
forms. For fifteen minutes, ln solemn
silence, thc Prince listenod to tho earnest words of this diplomat and friend,
and expressed hla deep gratitude. Nothing resulted. LI Hung Chang called
ou tbe Prince, and likewise urged htm
to guide the nation in the beginnings
of tho reform movement. The Prince's
sad lament wm\ "Nothing can bo done!
Nothing can be done!"
The "now learning," with a national
system of education, is opening tho
ayes of tha rising generation; and an
army, (ruined after Western methods,
well-equipped, well-paid, well-fed, vigor
ons, agile, fall of enthusiasm, and mov
Ad by a commendable pride, is ready
to expand into as lar^e dimensions ss
thc revenue will permit. It is uot always devoted to Mancfau rule, perhaps,
but it is Jirm and united against outside aggression; and it stands as a surety for national independence, though it
ia not to bo takon as a menace to tho
rest of tho world.
Tbere was a time, only a fow years
ago, when ths partition of China wus
On the lips of many who discussed
Chinese questions, and whon Cnina's
break-up formed a startling topic for
newspaper articles and oven for books
thut spoke with authority.    European
fiowcrs, instead of giving China a help
ng hand tn her gropiugs after light,
teaming, aud reformation, in tbe period
Succeeding tbe war with Japan, contented themselves with talking about
"spheres of influence" or (more mildly) "spheres of Intorcat"—a policy
Startling to tho Chinese and fatal and
foolish to llu'insoivos. Thoughuul Chin
Sse, and many not so thoughtful, while
out positive that tbo dismemberment
Would tuke placo, were positive tbat
this was wbat "the foreigners" want
ti). The outcome wuh tho Boxer uprls
ing of !!H)0. Just ss tbo storm was
ippro&chiug, I had a discussion of near
ly t<wo houra with tbo Orand Secretary
Bud Orand Councillor. Rang Vi—extreme conservative, rabid reactionary,
intense foreign -tin tor, future commander-in-chief (under imperial appointment) of the Boxer organisation, and
my personal friend.
"We are determined that these encroachments on onr territory shall come
to au end," be said. "Thoy have our
best ports, and want all our laud. But
it shall not be donol"
"Is it uot ruther too late in tbe
day?" I inquired. "How can you resist?"
"We will call forth our millions to
Ight them. I will dio boforo another
Inch of soil shnll bo yioldod."
So the clash and tho crash came.
China's moment of folly was tho time
for China's partition, If ever it was to
enme. China's action was like the answer of a classmate of initio in college:
When asked, "Whnt is legitimate boml-
tidef" ho Baid, "legitimate homi-
«ide is whoro S mnu kills himself
in self defence." Tf ever thero was fi
time when the partition of China might
love been possible, it wns thon, after
the barbaric, suicidal, foolhardy experi-
anees of the Hummer of 1800—with a
declaration of war against tho whole
world, und wtth a most outrageous
•nd appalling massacre of innocent
ticn, women, and children—on tbo part
both of the govfjmmont and of a fans
Ileal populace.  The imperial court had
lied to a far-distant province, to au old
capital of previous dynasties. The official -headquarters and ministries of
IV'kin wore deserted. The allied forces
of Kurope, America, and Jinan had
their grip on the throat of the nation.
Why did tbey not. in their hour ot victory and in China's ttour of shame and
disaster, tako control of the wholo Kmpirc, and then, onco for ull, tako pencil
i'i hand nnd mark across the map of
China tlio dividiug-lino botwoen the
possessions of one foreign power nnd
those of another, until all the various
colors of the rainbow, nnd more besides, should havo taken tho place of
tho familiar yellow color that now distinguishes tho territory of tbe Chinese
Empire and of Mancbu rule?
Tbere wore four reasons why partition
did not thon tako placo. Tho first was
(he effort of Sir Robert Hart in behalf
of China. Ho was among tho besieged
in Pekln, nnd hnd suffered, heavily. All
his personal effects as well as tlio records of the Imnerinl Maritime Customs, of which he was the head, bad
beeu destroyed: but. immediately on
the relief of the legations, bo began
writing articlos to tho lending Knglish
oriodicals, pleading for generosity to
China nnd warning ngainst further aggravations of Cliineso sensibilities. Ho
was China's most conspicuous advocate.
Tho second reason was the prompt
notion taken by the American Secretary of State, Mr. John Hay. In elo-
ouent language nnd with convincing
locic. he communicated with th" differ
ent povernments on tho advisability of
maintaining tho autonomy of China
and of hei ni rig forward all schemes for
genuine reform.
Tho third reason wns the position
takon during the .lover outbreak by
strong viceroys- like Chang Chih Tung
nnd Lin Kun Yi in arranging, witl) the
foreign governments through the cnn
siilsgenorni nt Shanghai that no foreign
troops should infringe on tbo jurisdiction of tbo centrnl nnd sou thorn provinces, so long as thoy Bhould stand
aloof from the Boxer campaign and
should keep the pence This secured
hormoiiouB relations in tho Inrcrcr pnrt
of China, and nronnred the way for
complete harmonv when formal negotiations with the Allied Powers wero resumed.
Tho fourth reason wns that gonerals
and ministers of nil tho exeat Powers
were convince'' thnt partition* was nn
impossibility. They mieht occupy Pekin
and overrun the metrnnolitnn province,
hnt occtmation of tho whole of the
Empire won hevond their reach; tno
army would have to be so great nnd
♦bo expensp so heaw that China might
bettor be loft to itsolf and bo renuired
merely to nav the bill already incurred
And so Chinese partition was aban
Since the tank was nbandnned then ns
bovond possibility, bow Is it that sen
sible people cnn think it possible today
or in the noar future, when the con
ditions nro far different from whnt they
were in 1000, and when tbo knowledge,
norpose and ambitions of the Chinese
are more stronglv combined against
every fnrm of outside intrusion or In
termeddlingf To partition Ohi"n would
mean more than partitioning the Park
Continent hns meant. In China th*»re
is an old civilisation, a profound philosophy, great learning, high ethics, and
a clear-rut system of government; in
Africa there was n barbarism thnt bii'lt
un no grest nation and that was with
out. any widelv spread soholarshio, re
lirrlon. or svstem of ethics. For the
outside nations to attempt to dlvido
among themselves the rich territory and
Mio vast nnonlstion nf China wnnlfl end
in more thnn one interchange of dlnlo
mntic despatches; there would be dis-
nptes, and then wrnnglings, and thnn
wars among themselves, rather than
war with China.
Great Britain once had a "sphere of
influence" in tho Yang-tee Valley, but
that is not its sphere to-day. Along
the great river sail tho steamers of
Gormany nnd Japan and France ns well
ns those of the British companies. < At
Hankow, in tho very eentro of tho
Kmpire, thero nro separate plots of
ground called "Settlements," with different jurisdictions—the Knglish, the
Russian', tho French, Wie Japanese, and
the German. Shanghai, nt tho mouth of
this great river, is an international settlement, or an internnlionnl municipality. For Great Britain to maintain
thnt along this section, tbo most dosir.
able of all China, it could possibly os
tnblish a govornmont of its own, to tho
exclusion in any degree of othor nations,
is beyond its highest dream. Should
th's bo mado a kind of international
buffer state—whore, then, would Eng
laud come in? Would it turn to tho
BOutb, along the borders of Burmnb?
This is tho province of Yunnan, within
lho French "sphere of influence."
Would it turn to tho metropolitan province of Ohl-Ll. where Pekin nud Tientsin are located? This would ho a relin-
qutsbmenl of the pre-eminent position
which Kngland hns hitherto occupied,
and would bring it into collision with
both Russia nnd Jupnn.
And what of tho United Stntes? Has
our imperialistic policy lod us Into iho
idea   of   linking  the   Philippines   with
part of China? Or will we come to nn
greement with Jnpnn whereby all of
this valuable prize shall bo sold out-
"ght at incrensed rates to China's
neighbor? In fact, in whatever way
we consider the question, thc partition
of China among such powers as would
demand an equal participation—Great
Britain, the United States, Russia, Japan, France. Germany, Italy, Austria-
Hungary, Belgium, Holland, Spnin, Portugal, and now even Mexico and Cuba
—is too absurd a proposition any long-
r to deserve notice, This theory of
dismemberment might as well bo pig
oonbolod at tho chancelleries of tho
world, and our highly trained diplomnts
may turn to othor and wiser conjectures,
"Oh, no, thoro cannot be any partition of China among othor nations," it
is said, "but there will surely come a
revolution by the Chinese poople against
the present Mancfau Government.' This
is the new idea thnt is held concern
ing the future of China. Revolution
moans tbe collateral proposition, tho
overthrow of the Manchus,   Thoro han
been of late so rnnch talk of tbe revolutionary party, of disturbances here
and thero against foreignors, of missionaries and merchants from tho interior fleeing to tho const, that it would
bo easy for oue fo suppose that revolution would be successful.
But facts aro against sueh a supposition. 'I hero is a newly trained army.
However much it may be in sympathy
with the revolutionary spirit, it is not
altogether opposed to tho government
tbat has trained it, paid it, advanced
it to higher and higher position, and
honorod it in many ways before the
eyes of tbo world. Why turn against
its own peoplo, when moro foreign intrusion would tako place? That there
is a revolutionary spirit, no ono can
leny. But tbis eau bo modified by thc
willingness on the part of tbe cent nil
government to adopt suggestions of reform which will bring prosperity and
strength to tbo country.
As a checkmate to the revolution that
ia dreamed of and planned there is
tbo counter-planning nnd action of the
so-called roform party of Rang Yin
Woi nnd Liang Ciu-Chiuo. Thoy may
havo boon opposed to the lato Dowager
Kmprcss and havo beeu supporters of
the late Kmporor; but this does not
moan thnt they will sot themselves to
thwart the wishes nnd aims of the
i'rinee Regent, n brother of tbo lato
Kmporor. For •tbom'to sidd with tho
lato viceroy, Yuan Shih Kai, tho former strong mau of tho Govornmout but
wbo plotted against the lato Emperor.
socms hardly possible. Thoir views of
roform aro more in harmony witb tho
actual reforms that aro gradually taking placo, whilo their personal sympathies nre more with the I'rinee Regent (who is trying to do his best)
than with oven tho able ex-viceroy,
who is now in retirement because of
his well-Itnown attitude towards the
Into Kmporor.
Disturbances, indeed, may arise from
year to year. There may be~ murmur*
ings and muttcrings among the peoplo
every where. The young student-class
may cry out excitedly for new rights
and authority. The efforts at reform
muy bo full of mistakes and open to
criticism. Tbo country may bo weak
and corrupt. Collision may arise between tho Pekin authorities and tho
provinces. All these things may happen; but thero is no assurance that in
their eventual occurrence there will bo
formed or evolved a revolutionary party
which can commana the support of the
majority of tho people—not to mention
the support of the ruling and intelligent classes.
In the future transformation that has
thus been pictured, how will tho Powers
insist that their supposed rights shull
bo rocogniscd?
At present tho foreign governments
deal directly and ouly with tho Government of Pekin. But largo commercial
enterprises, the great missionary organ
isntions, the investment of foreign capi
tnl—'■must they be carried into execution through tbe goodwill of the Pekin
Govornmont only, or of tho Emporor
ulono? Have not the provinces their
"say"? Gradually it will dawn upon
the minds of enterprising meu and capitalists in tho United States and other
countries that the provinces must bo
consulted whenever foreign enterprise
is to be carried out on Chinese territory. This condition of things I would
strongly emphasise.
Tbe attitude of individual Powers
may perhaps bo different, but finally
there will be unanimity of action as
well as of policy. Japan and Russia
have so far encroached on tbe sacred
territory of tho Imperial family that
tho prestige of the Manchus has boon
lowered. Japan, disliked more and more
and alarmed again and again, will soon
see the wisdom of conciliation, Russia,
made to suffer for high handedness,
will resume the cordial sentiments and
friendly appreciation which its best
men have advocated. For Japan and
Russia actually to tako possession of
Manchuria would not bo a ditlicult task,
but I doubt whether they would take
tho risk. In gaining Manchuria, they
would lose the confidence of all of the
rost of China, and largely the rospect
of tho rost of tho world. Russia, at
lpast, is inclined to negotiate with China
in a spirit of friendliness and courtesy,
and Japan is too wise to go too far.
By leaving to China its sovereignty
over the tori tory of Manchuria, they
both win the-esteem of al) China. Thoy
need, after moro than- sobqr second-
thought, only to realise that China Is
first in its own land, nnd that other
nations must not bo excluded except
by China's will.
The British commercial interests will
always remain supreme, and business
meu will be quick to adapt themselves
to new conditions. Trade is never ad
vanced by making enemies, Gormany,
too, is a commercial nation, and -its
commercial meu are not inclined to
limit themselves to the one province of
Shantung, their "sphere of influence."
Their government recognises the importance of exalting German prcstico.
They aro interested in bringing into
China Cerman scholarship and establish.
ing Gorman schools. While hitherto
not Known for tbeir conciliatory treatment of the Cliineso, they also will
learn to, adapt themselves to tbe now
As for tho United States, they will
continue to havo spasmodic turns of
generosity, with a decided return now
and then of excluslvonoss in thoir reception of Asiatic races; but in the end
they will choose the policy of fair play,
at .homo and abroad. The Americans
will be united with fhe British and tne
Germans, wilh thc Russians nnd with
thc Japanese, nnd with other nations
interested in maintaining peaceful relations with China. This great union
among foreign Powers will take on tho
policy of co-operation with China, rn-
thor than of interference and encroachment.   At least, this is my prophecy.
Such a peril nover arose in the days of
Ismail, when all foreigners could dwell
in equal security. Now, after twenty-
six years of British rule, British subjects nro in tho groutcst dangor.
in Ismail's time Copts and Muslims
were ou excellent terms. Gradually
thoy have drawn apart. The Nationalist, or autl -Knglish, movement owes its
strength to the errors of tbe British
Government Tho first groat error wus
to give preferential instead of impartial treatment to the Mohammedans,
ibis began with Lord Cromer. It has
led the Muslims to believe that thoy
are a kind of superior caste. Their cry,
"Kgypt for tho Kgyptians," moans
Egypt for the Muslims and oppression
for tho Christians.
When tho British occupation begau
many if not most of the subordinate
ollices in government service woro hold
by the Copts. Since then tho number of
Christian civil servants has steadily
diminished, tho vacant places being filled by Muslims, and tho higher offices of
the interior aro entirely closed to Christians. The expense of religions touching in tbo primary government schools
for tho Copts has to bo borne by tho
Coptic Patriarchate, whilo tho Koran is
taught iu nil thu primary schools nt
lho expense of tho govornmont. Training colleges for teachers in thoso primary schools require examinations In
tho Koran, which makes it impossible
tor uny ('opt to qualify as toucher. Vet
tho ('opts pay, it is said, one ti fill of
the taxes necessary to maintain tbe
government schools whilo paying for
religious teaching in tbeir own schools.
Then the British govornmont has reduced the number and impaired the
influence of British officials. When Bou-
tros Pasha was murdered, a Nationalist,
was mado Prime Minister iu his place.
The Ministers of Justice in the interior
ure Nationalists, and thoy reward and
promote Nationalists. It pays to be a
Nationalist, nnd the profession grows.
Thoughtful Muslims say of tbe English, "Either they nro gods, or they
are fools."
Tho prevailing belief in Cairo was
that Kngland was preparing to hand
over the country to tho Nationalists.
Tho agents of disloyalty among tin
Hindus of India, aud among the Nationalists in Kgypt, as also tho extreme
Irish Nationalists, are in touch. Tho
writer summarily declares:
"The aim of tho Nationalists is tho
expulsion of the English from Kgypt;
and Knglish policy undor the present
government has suffered and encouraged the ascendancy of the Nationalists, till they havo como to believe that
Britain is half weak and half willing
and under pressure can bo forced to
abandon the country.''
Sir Kdwnrd Grey's declaration is said
to have shaken, but not shattered, this
dangerous delusion. But the writer
goes on to say that no permanent improvement is possible while Sir KIdon
Gorst is British Agont in Egypt. Ho
bus forfeited tho confidonco of hiB British subordinates; he haB never won the
confidence or even reBpect of the natives. Apart from a strong British
Minister, whnt is wanted in Egypt is,
says the writer, to put au end to England's present anomalous and illogical
"To got rid of tbe capitulations, and
to declare a formal protectorate, would
be the best thing, and it certainly waB
at one time feasible. If it now be
impossible, let ub declare that self-gov
eminent for Kgypt is beyond tho hori
son of practical politics.''
MR. A. J. BUTLER writes in the
"Nineteenth Century" on tbe
misgov'ornmont of Kgypt. A yeur
ago it was supposed that Kgypt was ono
of the best witnesses of British good
government, tho writer is grateful to
Mr. Roosevelt for having drawn attention to the condemnatory facts.
Ho declares that there was probably
loss brigandage nnd fewer crimes of
violence under Ismail's Bway than now.
The sense of Insecurity is increasing.
English officials are ready to send home
their women and children at a moment's
notice. The peril is not of a successful
revolt, but of a sudden riot or massacre.
THERE seems but little doubt that
slowly but Burely tbo powers of
the world ure coming to realiso
that the use of opium, otherwise than
for medicinal purposes, is detrimental to
a nation's wolfaro. Witb a fow notable
exceptions, tho powers havo decreed
the prohibition of tho sale and consumption of the drug, and in the course
of anothor generation or two it is to bo
hoped thut the opium habit witl altogether havo ceased to outdovc. Thoso
optimistic viows derivo support from
an article in tho "American Journal of
Sociology," by Mr. J. F, Scboltema,
M.A., of Edinburgh. Scotland, in which
the present status of tue opium question
is sot forth ns follows:
"Consequent to tho policy which aims
at the extinction of tho trade within
ten years, the government of British
India is steadily curtailing the manufacture of the drug, ln Hong-Kong all
the oniu'm divans wero closed on February 28th last. In most of tho other
European concessions in Chinoso ports
efforts have been made for the suppression of opium dens. In Shantung the
Germans have reduced tho opium re-
vonue from about one seventh of the
totnl revenue until today it is only
about t per cent. The Kiug of Siam
has declared that measures will bc taken
for the administration of tho monopoly
wilh the object of lessoning and eventually suppressing entirely tho sale of tho
drug. In Macao und Iudo-Chiim legis
latlon with the same object is promised,
Wilh regard to tho Straits Settlements
nud the J'udernled Malay States, the
government is about to set up a state
monopoly of opium. In Ceylon, tho mission ou the nuestion was sitting at tho
time the article under notice wub writ-
ton, nnd thc present policy if continued
will lead to suppression. All the self-
governing British colonies which contain any considerable Chinese population have limited the sale and uso of
opium to medical requirements. PorHin.
emulous of China, has issued stringent
regulations with a view to tho ultimate
su»pVcFsioii of smelting tho drug."
In China, the famous anti-Opium do-
cree was promulgated on September 20,
1006; nnd tho Chinese Govornmont has
since shown thnt it is really in earnost
In its desire to stamp out the opium
evil. When it is remembered that thc
revenue from thn drug is about $30,800,
000 yearly, which sum has to be balanced by development of income from othor
sources, it will be admitted tbnt China
is entitled to the highest praise for
ber action. China's curse, says Mr.
Schcltoma, was Japan's warning—a
warn In ff that was heeded. The prohibition of the drug, except for medicinal
purposes, has been rigorously enforced;
and even in Formosa, whore one-third
of tho whole incomo was derived from
opium, the government has continually
waged war upon it.
In the Philippines, since March, 1905,
the Bale and use of the drug, save for
medicinal purposes, hns been prohibited, except in the case of the Chinese
population, numbering about 70,000,
wbo were allowed three years to break
with tho habit; and under the law of
October 10th, 1907, these Chinese consumers have to bo registered.
In the Dutch East Indies alone is
there exhibited tin indifference of attitude on tho question. Althougii the
ipoech from tbo Dutch throne on Sop-
tember 21, 1009, intimated a desire to
check tne abuse of opium in the Dutch
Eust Indies, tho now governor-general
during his first term of ofllce opened
vast now areas to the drug. At tho
meeting of the Opium Commission
which wns held at Shanghai in February, 1900, one of tbe Dutch delegates
oven went so far us to propose a resolution to the effect that "tbe total
eradication of tho uso of opium within
a few yenrs is to be considered a high
but, at present, nn unattainable idonl."
Witb this ono exception, the war on
opium seems to be successfully waged;
aud if the nations concerned will only
fuce resolutely tbo financial issue thore
seems to bo ovory renson to hope taut
within a reasonable lapse of timo tho
pium question will have become a
thing of tho past.
A YOUNG German psychologist, Otto
Pfungst—a pupil of Professor
Stiimpf, tho director of tho Psychological Institute at the Borliu University—has carried out a series of ob
solvations und experiments of far-
reaching importance to tho farther development of human as well as of animal psychology. His methods nml results aro interestingly reviewed by
Edgar Rubin iu a recent issue of tbo
"Tilskueren " (Copenhagen).
Ab the principal object of his experiments, Pfungst used the famous horse
of Heir vou Oston, "Clover Hans,"
which a few years ago was introduced
to the world by a group of acknowledged scientists ns having actually boou
caught in tho act of "thinking/*' The
wonderful feats performed by the horse
in order to provoko such conclusions ou
the part of such men were described in
the "Review of Reviews" during the
time when they wore startling both tbo
learned and the unlearned world,
Such mon as Mobius, tho zoologist,
Schillings, the naturalist, Sehweinfurt,
tho African explorer, Sckaff, tho director of tho Zoological (iurdcu at Hanover, nml General Zobel, a renowned
expert on equine nature, woro botrayed
into signing a statement to tbo ell'ect
thut tho exhibition givon by vou Ostcu
to prove tho wouderful gifts of his
horse were free from any and every
form of deceit. And so convincing waB
thoir testimony and the animal's own
performance, tbat even a man like Professor Stumpf waB brought to tbo verge
of revisiug his entire conception of the
animal "soul" by accepting the possibility that training might dovelop truo
"mentality" in an animal fairly well
advanced in the sub ■human evolutionary scale.
The work dono by Pfungst haB re
duccd nil thoso surmises of a few years
ago to so many fairy tales, liy a patience, a power of acute observation,
nnd au ingenuity that rank uncommonly
high in tho rich annals of modern scientific research, he has succeeded iu
proving first, that the sensntory im
prossious and muscular reactions of animals have a Keenness aud exactness not
oven dreamed of by man; und, secondly,
that tho connection bctweeu man's own
thoughts and bis muscular reactions is
much closer than has so far been admitted, or oven suggested.
Incidentally, this talented German ex
perimentist hns Bhed a new and highly
useful light on telepathy, many forms
of so-called clairvoyance, aud most
forms of alleged occult phenomena. It
would be more than premature to declare tbat he has disposed of them all,
in so far as thoy havo been supposed
to reveal forces and forms of energy
not included iu those alroady known
and analysed by science. But he has
dono mucn to prove thut tho greater
part of the phenomena just indicated
derivo their seemingly "supernatural"
clement merely from man's ignorance
of his own psychology.
It mny be recalled that Clover Unns
know figures and letters, colors and
tonos, tho calendar and the dial; that
be could count and read, deal with decimals and fractions, spell out answers
to questions with his right hoof, and
recognise peoplo frorti merely having
seeu- their photographs. In overy case,
his "replies" were given in the form
of scrapings with bis right forehoof.
Whether tho questioner wero von Oston, wbo had worked with him for bcvoii
yenrs, or a man liko Schillings, who
was a complete stranger, seemed immaterial—and tbis went farthest, perhaps,
in disposing of all talk of "collusion"
between muster and boast.
But it was soon discovered thnt the
horse bad to see his questioner iu order
to answer correctly. Schillings found
nlso that the anticipatory faith of the
questioner in the correctness of the answer went far to assure that correctness, whilo hesitancy or doubt put Clever Hans to dismay. Finally Schillings was startled one day by the dis-
sovery that Clever Hans understood
equally well any language in which tho
questioner was able to express himself
with somo caso. So far things had gone
when Pfungst. took up liis quest, concerning which Mr, Rubin says:
"To try tho horse's ability to recognise figures, a series of largo tablets
with figures printed or written on them
woro hoiu up in front of it. In about
one-half of tlte cases tho questioner
anew nothing nbout the sums on tho
tablet; in the rest of the cases, bo know
thoso sums, Then the remarkable re
stilt ensued, tbat when the questioner
knew tbe figures, 08 per cent, of the
answers wore correct. When he did not
know them, about 8 per cent, of the
answers wero correct. Similar attempts
with the reading of words brought, respectively, 100 per cent, and 0 per cent,
of correct replies. What it all amounted to in the end was that, if none of
those present know the correct answor,
nnd especially if the questioner did not
know it, then the outcome was just
as regularly faulty as it wob correct
in tho reversed case."
Tho noxt thing Pfungst tried to do
was to discover how Clover Hans read
the answers out of the mienB or movements of the questioner, nnd in this
nnrt of his inquiry he wbb very much
hnmnercd by the fact that tho position
of the horse's eyes make their close
observation very hard. But he conquered all difficulties, and proved in the
end that the signs that guided the animal were "minute motions of the hoad
on the part of the questioner." From
this new starting-point, he passed on to
a novel analysis of human psychology.
He found that almost every person, in
making a question of some kind, accompanies it by Instinctive and unconscious
movements of the head foreshadowing
the expected answer. But to make
thoso movements perceptible enough to
serve as a guide for the horse, or to be
observed by other peoplo, they had to
be strengthened by a forcible "expee-
tivo tension"—there must be faith in
the question.
"One had, bo to speak, to tell the
horse; you must. Tho feeling connected with thiB state of miud evidenced
itself by a souse of tension of tbo skin
of the hoad and in tho muscles of tbe
neck, as well as in somo inner organs.
Simultaneously thoro was to bo noticed
a steadily increasing sense of discomfort. But nt tho momont when tho expected figure or word was reached, the .
tension suddenly ceased, and at the
same time a strange souse of relief and
relaxation mado itsolf felt,"
It is of great interest to noto that
the state of mind which Pfungst found
prerequisite to tho abstraction of correct results from Clevor Hans proved
identical with tho one described by one
of tho older French Spiritists us conditional to successful production of the
phenomena known as "table rapping"
or "tabic dancing." Ho verified his
conclusions by a scries of highly successful oxporimonts, having for thoir
object tho production uf uow and artificial movements iu the placo of those
generally accompanying a thought or a
question—for bo had proved that oven
a "mere" thought frequently, if uot
always, has its motional accompaniment. As fur ns Clover Hans was concerned, he reduced the processes by
which the horse's fame for cleverness
and "almost human intellect" was won
to these two elements alone: simple association nnd sensory impressions,
DURING tho summer a commission
of eminent American lawyers has
been in Kngland making u study
uf the English criminal court practice
with a veiw to amending the system
iu the United States, Tho visitors made
u thorough study of the Knglish method
of dealing with criminal cases, aud
were greally impressed with the way
justice was served and wealth deprived
of potency in the effort to shield criminals. A report will be made to Preaident Taft urging tbe abolition of all
reversals for formal defects iu indictments or trials, tho limitation of the
examination of prospective jurors, and
tbo extension to judges of greater control of tho proceedings in a trial.
A well known American barrister in
Loudon declares that criminal proceedings iu tbo United States havo long
been a scandal, and remedies cun be
uo longer postponed. Somo of the technicalities which harass tho administration of thc law border on tho grotesque,
and conditions bave reached such a pass
that no civil barrister will allow his
name to bo associated with a criminal
'.'The criminal court judges are elected by the votes of tho peoplo," said
be, "to serve a period of from six to
ten years, generally only six. At ths
expiration of that period they go back
to thoir practice at tho bar. It is
absurd tbe longth of timo thut can
elapse between the arrest of a criminal
and the final disposal of his case. There
is one case Btill occupying the courts
which has bcen going on for ten yean
past, tho accused being out on bail ths
whole time.
"The first bearing of a ease liefore
a magistrate may last for many weeks,
and wheu the prisoner is committed
for trial, presuming he bas suflicient
means to pay counsel, tho case can bs
delayed for months aud months.
"Then, every prisoner bas the right
of appeal, and, as the procedure is highly technical, it is simple to find some
trifling error which will justify an appeal.
"A rccont appeal was granted becauso the foreman of tho grand jury
wns unaccompanied by tbo other jurymen when bo announced tbe finding of
a true bill agaiust the prisoner.
"Tbo business of swearing in a jury
may easily lust three weeks. Twelve
men arc chosen and sworn on oath to do
tbeir duty.
"Then each juryman is separately
cross-examined by the prosecution ns
well as tbe defence iu order to discover
if thore is not some slight ground on
which ho may bo objected to, Ths
right of challenge is unlimited, and it
is sufficient to prove thut a juryman has
read something about the case in the
newspapers to havo him set down.
"After conviction tho prisoner immediately appeals, and tho matter of
allowing the appeal is nut at the discretion of tho judge. There was a case
recently of a distiller charged with
somo violation of the inland revenue
law.   He was convicted and sentenced.
"He appealed, and tho caso dragged
on for u year, during which hn was out
on bail. Finally ho offered $10,000 to
have fhe caso withdrawn and bis offer
was accepted.
"Cases of prisoners escaping from
justice through delaying cases until important witnesses havo died or left tba
country are frequent, or political associations befriond the prisoner, spiriting witnesses out of the wa so that
his lawyer may insist upon bis case being taken whon there is no procurable
evidence against him. Sucb cases may
be cited by the hundred."
But this New York lawyer is by no
means confident thnt tbe absurdities ef
the American system will or can be
easily removed. There aro too many
interests behind the system nud benefitting by it.
WHKN conl is left exposed to the
air for a long time it deteriorates, and chemical changes
tnke plnco thnt diminish its heating
power when burned. Kxpcriments made
by the British Admiralty huve shown
that coal stored under water, and particularly sea water, escapes most of
tho deterioration that it undergoes in
the open atmosphere. At Hong-Kong,
where it has been found that coal is
ordinary storage lost from .10 tn 35 per
cent, of its calorific power, the same
kind of coal kept under sea wnter, at
a depth of thirty feet remnincd intact
for five years. Thirty-six hours' ei-
posure to sun and air sufficed to make it
ready for use.
Doubts aud uncertainties are sent to
us as a punishment for not aslng onr
will power.
gn .. /
Sprained Wrist and Ankle
Altar Being Laid Up With Knit Pals
tar San Daya, Ballet waa Gained
Instantly by Applying
Ome at tho moat soul-distressing aecl
tout* that ean befall one ia a'bad ankle
er wrist apraiu. "If 1 hud only known
af 'Nerviline' enrlior, I could have sav-
ed myself an enormoua amount'of pain
aad a***, agonizing nights jbf sleepless
Mea." Thu* writea P. P. Quran, «
young termer living near Brockville." I
tumbled from a
bay loft to tbe
barn floor and
aprained my right
ankle and left
wrist. Tbey
awelltnl rapidly
aud caused excru
elating painB.   It was uot convenient to
Cto tke city, und the liniment in the
aee waa useless. When I got Nervi-
Uae relief came quickly. It took down
tbe awelling, relieved the puin, and gave
bm wonderful comfort.
"1 eaa recommend Nerviline for
attains, bruises, swellings, muscular
pains, and soro bnck. 1 iitfvo proved
it a sure cure iu such cuaos."   '
Think whnt It might some, day mean
ta you to have right in youi1 home,
ready for an accident or emergent sick-
aeea, a bottle or two of Nerviline. Get
it today. In two sites, 50c and 2Bc, all
dealers or The Cntarrbuzotio Co,, Kings
ta*. Ont.
HO. 4266
trenomer Roval, quitted Greenwich
Observatory, after forty years'
service, on Octobor 1st. In an interview, he explained that great progress
bad been made lu his time through thc
developments in puotography. Some
years ago, eighteen observatories had
taken upon themselves tho task of making a chart of the sky. The soctioi) of
tke sky allotted to it in the recognised
catalogue S0.284 stars. Greenwich has
aaw completed Its portion of Uie work,
aad bv the aid of photography has
oeontod 710,088 stars in the section.
tt merely means that combined tele
aoepie  aud  photographic   power   were
Cubing the koavens deeper than ovor
"What," he was asked, " has;been
tke principal discovery in your term of
"The outer satellite ef .Tupiter," re
piled Sir Willrnm. "Wo discovered it
ia February, 1908, and we did it through
MANV of the birds of South America
have the regularly formed habit
of meeting periodically in the
tauie place for the purpose of dancing.
Some sing as they dance, others oc-
company the refrain by something unquestionably like instrumental mtalc.
Tke rupieola dunces alone. Birds of
tkis species range themselves in a circle
•resml level mosey, er soft ground,
aad one of thorn, bright with orange
aad vivid scarlet plumage, leaves thc
eirele and advances to tho centre of the
•pace with the dignity of a courtier
dancing a minuet, his wings spread and
tail like a fan.   He begins slowly, then
Kdually increasing speed, terminates
performance by leaping and whirling
antil be falls from exhaustion,
Tells How a Blotchy Skin Wae
Cleansed by a Simple Wash
"I was ashamed of my face," writes
If im Mimic Pic kn rli of Altaniahaw.
"It was all full of pimples and scurs,
teat aftor using D. D, 1). Prescription I
ean say tlmt now tliere is no sign of thut
Bexenia, and tbat wns throe yearn ago.''
P. D. H. Ims become so famous as :
pure nud Instant relief in eczema and nl
other scrims skin diseases, that its
value is sometimes overlooked iu clear
mg up rash, pimples, blAfjloheadB. nnd
tU other minor forms ovwkin-ipVpyHtiefl.
Tho fact is, tlmt whHtf'D. &Vd.''1.i so
penetrating that it strikes to the very
root of eczema or auy other serious
trouble, tho soothing Oil of Winter
green. Thymol and other Insredionts art
so carefully eonipoundod tlutt there if
no wiihli for the akin made that cnn
compare with thin great household rem
edy for every kind of skin trouble. -
D. D. D, is pleasant to use, perfectly
harmless to the most delicate skin, and
absolutely relinhle. Write I). I>. I),
laboratories, Dept. B.P., 4it Colborne
St., Toronto, for R freo trial bottle, and
prove its wonderful effectiveness.
For salo by nil draggists.
Let Dick" Choose
Fill your bird's
aeed dish afresh
with the sud you
have been using,
then put some of
BROCK'S within
teach, and see hew
quickly Dick picks
eat Brock's.
He Instinctively
chooses the (ood
lhat li best for hire.
Feed him ler a
month on
Brock's Bird Seed
—let him enjoy the cake of Brack's
, ek4 Treat lhal comes In every box
1 —and notice the improvement in his
plumage, health and song.
That will convince you thst Brock's
Is best.
Try tl out at our expense. Mail us
Ihe coupon below, filled In, and we
wiil send you, absolutely free, one
tall else package of Brock's Bird
Seed. 34
t-ll FrucU Sir«*t,  •  Twwito.
For thll coupon, pleau wrnt me, frtt
of chirre or obligation on my part, ono
full slt« rwkete ol Brack's Bird Mtd.
sndobtlc*. . • .  >
LA MODE, taken in her most gracious spirit and afforded
every opportunity of irreproachable expression, is unquestionably attractivo. If tho successful winter season,
as prophesied, comes to pass, it will mako history as oue
notablo in every way for beautiful evening toilettes.
The picturesque high waist Empire frock is a leading noto.
This slim classic style finds covetable expression iu both
transparent stuffs and soft satins, enhanced by exquisite embroideries. There is a delicate orchidoo mauve ninon arranged in double tunic form over a clinging satin skirt, ench
overdross outlined by a curious medieval embroidery arranged in a succession of plaqnos, alternately square and oblong,
tho former worked with closely massed gun-metal beads and
ribbon embroidery, and the other with a soft gold galon ribbon. Although giving tho impression of weighing down the
ninon, thiB embroidery is of scarcely aanv appreciable weight,
A strikingly effective alliance comprises an elephant grey
ninon, veiling an underdrew of pure whito satin, and hemmed
up at the sides to an extreme depth with black satin char
A :■,;»
Front View of Blue Serge Costume
mount', a graceful dowuwurd dreop occurring back and front,
accentuated hy a great motif of ecclesiastical embroidery
workod in gold Bilk.
Perhaps ono ef the daintiest inspirations is a pure while
satiu charmesse, partially veiled by a tunic of palo aea groen
iiiuuu, embroidered at the hem to a considerable dopth with a
fairy-like stitchery of heads and dimnnte. Tho delicate
fragility of thia embroidery recalls u spider's web touched
with dew, and in a wuy scarcely describable seems to tind a
sympathetic response in the filmy little eorsugc, cut in one
with tho sleeves of the llnest blnck chantilly laco.
Oa a princess confection—that is, nn artistic mingling of
whito laee, veiled in gold, and gold veiled in white laco—there
is introduced a bordering hem of skunk, altogether a regally
beautiful affair, skunk ngain lending a decorative influence
to u while satin gown, with a one-Bide drapery of black tulle,
tho Cur.suge to this also working out the fashionable one-side
The brocade hats in Old World colorings and mado up with
velvets and satins that harmonize aro among the pictureBque
tilings of the fall. There aro some lovely thinga in the upholstery depart incuts for huts nnd dress trimmings. Those
Japanese silk brocades interwoven liberally with tinsel nnd
in patterns copied from antique weaves are lovely in thc
extreme, but they cost money, ami lots of it. These brocades
aru woven on hand looms, and aro among the richest and
choicest textures brought to this market. Home of tho most
effective ure black with gold designs covering tboin. Then
there uro any cumber of French brocades, nlso copied from
antique pieces, many from priceless museum lengths, which
are adaptable ia a dozen ways to the present styles.
Then thc breakfast cap eume back on tho heels of a returned demand for evening cups, and one of thc most becoming
details of tho dainty outfit was restored. Kew women, unless
tliey lmvo early iippoiutmcnts, do their hair for breakfast as
they wear in more conventional hours of the day. And tho
simple llttlo Swiss cap with its frills falling over the negligee
arrangement is a literal boon. Take fhe simplest little breakfast jacket or miwn oh* nud add a dainty cap with ribons
to repesjults color, and yon huve a get up thut ia flattering
to most faces unless they be too matter-of-fact or severe.
One of the simplest of caps is made of dotted SwIsb cut
round, edged all round with lace and shirred into a frill that
outlines tbo hend in a froth of ripples. Nested among the
shirring aro little ribbon bows.
Iu evening cups there is a riot of dainty styles. All those
old timers such as the .lulicttea, the Dutch cup, the helmets,
tho fez, aud so ou ad infinitum, aro here. The holmet with
its stiff ridge along the top und Its close-fitting side ls one
of tho most elaborate in effect. It ia made usually of metallic
ince, and is trimmed with big wheel rosettes at the earn. Tbo
fez is very popuar, and is employed in tba caps thut are worn
to the thontw undor the picture bnt. One of the plainest is
made of tarnished gold lace lined with pink. Tho tassel is
gold.   '
Caps with soft draped crowns nnd points falling over
the frilled brims, the points ending in tassels, are already becoming very familiar. To wear under the picture bat, a cap
has, as a rule, a plain full crewu of net—usually gold or silver
—nnd tho frill is more or loss elaborate. The daintiest trimming for these caps is the quaint roses with outside petals of
tarnished tinsel.
.    .    .
No mode of dressing tho hnlr moro completely captivates
the affections of women than thnt of curling it, and though
from time to time endeavors are made to introduce rival
designs, their reign is usually brief.
At this moment the curl is all supreme again, nnd at the
theatres the most beautifully arranged coiffures seen are
tbose that exploit the many ways In which tbe carls are
capable of being arranged.
The centre parting is a feature of some of the most becoiu
iug designs, and ia promised u very great sueeess in the near
future. Vthile masses of clustering curls are well raised
above the nape of the neck, ringlets of various lengths are
allowed to dangle where their ell'ect is deemed most potent.
As if escaping from tho rest a single strand falls over the
temple or behind the ear. Others, sumo short, some comparatively long, stray over the forehead, caught up beneath a
restraining scurf of sparkling gauze, a latticed band of brilliant .crystals und lustrous pearls, or a half wreath of beaded
flowers, all of which are worn flat above the forehead with
classical austerity.
But thut there is no element of real austerity in the aspect
of the curled coiffure, though its origin may be classical, and
though it is certainly ttio meet accompaniment of the Empire
dress, goes without saying.
One of tho surprises of the autumn season iB the serious
rivalry that is noticeable between the bonnet and the hat.
which will be victorious in tho contest?
Tho bonnet cortainly muses a vory -strum? appeal. It is
quite in tho picture with the Umpire period of dress, now in
tho ascendant, and is comfortable and picturesque as wel).
Moreover, many years havo passed since it was regarded by
the milliners with so favorable uu eye, and whut they make
their special care tbey can produce in forms so charming thut
to fall in love witb them is woman'b clear duty.
ll is easy to guage tho special allurements of the bonnet
made of volvet und fur. What a bewitching frame it makes
for a pretty face! How delightfully tho brim recedes to reveal the features! After the hat that left none of the hair
and very littlo uf the forehcud visible, shrouded the eyes and
cast a deep shadow over tho face, there is all the charm of
change about a typo of headgear that commits none of theso
Of u certainty thero is a very real beauty in the bonnet.
Someone has said, however, that no one except a girl
can afford to wear a bonnet. Why the excessively trying
characteristics of tho bbnnet should ever have been associated
with woman at any age, except that of extreme youth, pusses
the comprehension of sensible folk. For there is really no
kind of head covering more trying to the agoing face, more
cruelly unflattering, more unsuitable, more vexatious. The
geueroua brim that hides deficiencies, softons the wrinklod
countenance, casts a becoming shudow over the face, and
invests its wearer with the consciousness that sho is looking
her best, is absent iu the bonuet, or so curtailed as to be
devoid of the desired effect. Thnt is why only the youthful
can afford to wear it.
It was as an adjunct of the motor-car that women con
seated to try the discarded vogue some time ago, and in the
name of convenience it mnde a new place for itself in their
affections. When it wns discovered that even in thnt connection it was a snare to ail save the prettiest and daintiest of
youthful creatures, it was set ou ono side in favor of the
turban, which, wedged well down over tho head, aad secured
by trusty pins and a big veil, is every bit as steady going a
kind of bead covering as a bonnet with strings. So the field
upon which tho bonnet and the hat meet as rivals should bo
peopled by just ono section of the community only—those
Blue Serge Costume with Black Soutache Braiding
whose birthdays are few and whose hcauty Is indisputable.
The rest, with wisdom, will range themselves upon the side
of tho hat, built upon the most artistic lines und mude of the
most picturesque inutoriiils, the velvets and furs that are
suitable to the coming of winter.
MR. ANDREW (,'AltNKUlK is not the only millionaire who
has determined to "die poor," His bosom friend, Dr.
Ii. K. Pearsons, of Now York, who, after earning a
modest livelihood as a medical practitioner, made (10,000,000
by buying real estate ami timber, has made a similar resolution. 'Put ho is Hading it a dillicult matter to get rid of bis
wealth, and even uuw, after giviag away with a lavish band
for over twenty years, he finds that he still has $3,000,000
to dispose of. And as ho is ninety yeurs of ago. it is quite
possible that he will fail in his determination tn die poor. The
ugod philanthropist, however, is firmly convinced that ho
will live to the age of Hal, and that be will be able to get
rid of his millions iu thut time.
(Certainly ho does aot lack suggestions from outside. Last
month he received no fewer than 5,000 begging-letters, mostly
from worthless people. "There are hsggnrs of all kinds," he
says. "Mothers with daughters approaching the marriage
go have sent mc photographs, asking me to provide them
with a marriage portion/'
Like Mr. Carnegie, Dr. l'earsous has given a great ileal
of monoy to education. Forty -seven colleges and institutes
of learning arc wlmt he culls "his children," for he has no
real offspring of his own. They are scattered throughout
twenty-four States, and rouge from a seminary iu New England, where he attended school as a boy, ncross to the Pacilic
IN no other place in the world can one
see such evidence of the immense
amount of energy wasted over im-
possible or impracticable schemes as in
the Patent Office nt Washington, in the
Uuitod States. Two of these inventions
have reference to the safety of those
that ride behind horses.
The first is an expedient to prevent
horses from running away. The contrivance consists of a strong chain passed
about the forelegs of the animal, and
kept supported against his chest by u
lino secured to tho dashboard. If thc
animal takes fright nud rune nway the
line is simply loosened, allowing the
chain to fall to the horse's knees. ThiB
is expected to throw him down and
breuk his logs.
Another still more ingenious expedient aims not ouly at keeping the horse
from running away, but at protecting
him from exposure to storms and to the
rays of tbe snn, and at aaving the
energy wasted in descending hills. ,
With a bold stroke the inventor left
all conventional methods behind, lie
placed the horse under the wagon instead of before It, arching tbe vehicle
above him. ThuB tbe animal is protected from the weather and he does
not obstruct thc view.
A strong canvas and leather band
encircles the horse's body, the ends of
it being pasiiod upwurd through tho bottom of tho wagon and attached by
chains to a wiadlaBB abovo tho flooring
With this device, should the horso attempt to rnn awny, or have to descend
u steep hill, the driver calmly turns the
crank and liftB tho animal off its foot!
THE picture postcard manufacturer
is your real modern explorer. You
may flatter yourself that you made
a discovery when you happen in the
course of a foot tour upon a neighborhood so remote that neither you nor
auy of your acquaintances has ever
heard of its existence many mileB distant from railway and main travelled
rouds; but you will find the picture
postcard awaiting you at the four corners general Btore. Its manufacturer
has boen there before you. Ho hus explored thc place and caught with his
camera ull its secrets of niBtic charm
aud qniet, all its quaint delights of
creeper covered clapboard architecture.
Nothing escapes thc mau with the
commercial camera. He anticipates demand with nu abundant supply. He out
strips the ubiquitous Messrs Cook, he
supplements Herr Buedeeker, he puts
to shame the topographieal knowledgo
of the oldest inhabitant, the sharpened
perception of the most romantic couple
in search of picturesque solitude. Where
iusnrance, sewing machine, and book
agents are unknown bis agents penetrate, and return bearing negatives moro
profitable than those givon by the native to these others, should tbey disturb
his simple peace. One sometimes utmost
wonders if there ure uot tricks in this
as in all other trades. Nature ropoatB
herself more or less iu her arrangements of trees and meadows and purling
brooks against backgrounds of hills.
Bathing beaches havo a knack of resembling each other in the animation
of tho bathing hour. It is possible thut
sometimes a negative is made to do
double and triple service ns a faithful
presentment of widely separated localities, and nnder different names?
Is it tho picture itself or the contracted space it leaves for writing that
giveB the picture postcard its voguef Tb
its popularity due to the prevalent interest iu iilustrutions of any nnd every
kind, or to the fnct that it furnishes
an acceptable, and accepted, substitute
for social and conjugal eorresjiondcucc
in tho lazy days oi summer* Docs it
primarily meet a sentimental or a utilitarian needf W'e know that in. itt
wider international scope it has still
another function—that of gratifying
the vanity which flrBt found expression
in the label bedecked suitcase. But
whatever the motive, the use of the picture pustcant has become n'pretty custom.
•fkwi-mhb" m mnm
No. ut Gearga 8t, Satd, Qaa.
"VM seven yen  I  suffered haa
ibr-._tti.ymi taadfi.1 tartaric
ic. Constipatk»-4be latter w kai
pains, and I had
that eometimes'l wilt ten days wMhaat
action of the bawds. Six different «aa-
lata treated mt and tor a year I wai' li
ted, constantly facing death. Thaa
*y husband coaxed a* to try "Ml
i-tives "and this medicine, asd nothing
Uae, cured me and taaed aiy life."
(Signed) Mme. JOSEPH URBTTB.
50c. box—6 for fi.50—or trial baa
nc—at dealer) ar from
Limited', Ottawa.
Fruit a 8—
composed of gentlemen of ambition aad
honor.    Thanking you in advance fw .
our kiudnoss, I remain,
Yours very respectfully,
Willis P. Sherman
(For'tha Tautallon Olub)
The Free Press theu comments on this
communication ae follows:
"As wo have no eligible and marsh
ageable young ladies at our own dav
posal, we submit' this respcetfnl eoa-
uinnication to tho consideration of auch
young persons of the fair- sex, aa oaf
correspondent justly and gallantly call
it, as may be at their own disposal.
The Michigan member of the Tantallaa
Club, who so valiantly testifies to tha
excellent qualities of Michigan woman,
is eternally right. We have them ia
abundance, what percentage of thaa
are at the present time free to entertain the gallant overture of tbe forlorn
Tuntnllons, we are not precisely informed. But we can assure them that Sue-
kutchewan is a country of great possibilities, and wo feel that the "yonaa
Americans" of that town are all thu
s described by our correspondent—
'gentlemen of ambition and honor"—
who have every prospect of car vim
out fortunes for themselves in that rich
In assisting in this good cause, wa
are performing a patriotic duty; for,
though it involves temporary exile, H
implies a repatriation by filling the
Canadian North-West with the product
of the proposed marriages, and an ultimate annexation to the United State*
of 11 vast portion of North America
which is filling np rapidly with Americans. We trust the Tautallon Club will
keep us informed of tbe rcBnlts of this
efficient effort to conquer Canada by
An Oil Without Alcohol—Some oils
aud many medicines have alcohol at a
prominent ingredient. A judicious mingling of six essential oils compose tha
famous Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil, aad
there is no alcohol in it, bo that ita
effects are lasting. There is no mediein-
1 oil compounded that ean equal this
il iu its preventive and healing power.
TIIE Detroit Frcss Press gives space
on its editorial page to .the following interesting communication
from Tautullou, iu the Province of Saskatchewan:
To tho Editor:
A club of youog Americans desire to
ask, through me, if yuu will assist us
in a matrimonial way. Ono of onr mem-
bora from your State proclaims the
excellent qualities of yonr fnir sex.
There are 110 young ladies of marriageable ago here, aud we have among our
members wealtjiy young ranchers, farmers, merchants, grain denlers, stockmen,
cowboys, civil engineers, railroad engineers and conductors, telegraph operators, um] our learned doctor of medicine, every one of whom is in a position
tu abundantly provide for a nice liomi'.
After mueh consideration we arrived at
this idea; and if you will publish this
letter for us we will feel under deep
obligations, promising to give all replies timely and respectful consideration, for be it known thut uur club is
When Uollowny's Corn Cure is applied to u corn or wart, it kills thc
roots and the callosity cornea out without injury to tlie flesn.
[J -saiwrk
juut think or iti
Look how moth "Black Knight" Stova
Polish you get far 10c.
None of yonr stingy littl* Una of fiat
powder (that must be mixed with water) ar
a bard cake (that must be scraped)—but a
big generous tin of coal black Mate, that ll
easily applied, and bursts into a brilliant, lasting
shine alter a few niba.
Von certainly do get 10c. worth of the heat
stove polish, ia the big 10c. cans of "Black
Bend as isc. fer a larre na peatpald If your
dealer does sol hsadte "act* EalgM.*
iitr.r. dauxv co. uumn, Baauiiaa, aat,
AStfrtttts. tern*.. "2 /• I" Mm MM. THE ISLANDER, CU\im'.K!.ANI>, B.C.
Published   every  Saturday   at Cumberland,  B.C., by
Okmono T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription prioe $1.50 per year, payable in advance.
Tht editor doea not hold  himself responsible for - view) aapressed by
SATURDAY, DEC, 24,   1910.
What the Editor has to say.
In the Home of Commons last week Mr. G. H. Barnard
of Victoria introduced a bill which is designed to drive the
Japs out of the fishing industry on the Pacific coast. The bill,
which amends the existing Fisheries Act provides that no gill
net license shall be issued to any fisherman who does not come
up to the physical standard required in the naval service.
Mr Barnard said that of four thousand licenses now is
sued, 85 per cent were held by Japanese.    He added that the
Japanese were a small stature, and would therefore not be able
to come up to the standard indicated.
In addition to excluding the Japanese, the bill is also expected to aid in the training of recruits for the navy, by providing a class of fishermen from whom seamen can be drawn.
It applies only to the Pacific coast.
The bill is an excellent one and any member from B. C.
that fails to support it should lie tarred and feathered.
!a^i|j)^^fe'i^!!K\>'^u^VJ^vUj v -'. .'■••' ■ '■•■''- '-v.'-'Vvi'V.'-V'
^^^^r^Wii^T^i l7®^.--:.®.<-:.■<>■■ W*WHsW^
Buy Your  Xmas
.'.Presents Here.'.
And Save from 20 to 25   per cent
Large range of Fancy Neckwear  50c eaoh
Fancy suspenders in boxes 5oc to 1.50 pr'
Ladies & dents silk handkerchiefs   25c to 75c
Mens Kid Gloves  1.25 to '.- .00
Fancy armletB in boxes  25c to 7=c
Ebony hat brushes    5oc to 1.50
Ebony looking glasses  1.00 to 3.50
Brush & Comb nets  50c to 5.00
Shaving mirrors   25c to 1.00
Fancy writing paper special    25oto Eso
Jewel boxes   "s to 1.26
Manicure seta  1 00 to 5 00
Ladies Chatelaine bags   1.93 to 3.30
Are you
The editor left yesterday to spend Christmas week in his
old home in Cowichan. The next issue of this paper (with the
exception of our editorial matter) will be brought out by oui
office staff without the assistance ot the editor, but we have
been assured of contributions from several citizens who have
come to our aid in the matter of news on former occasions.
COME to the Little Store where you
can figure on right prices and a
square deal.
T. E Cart
Next door to Canadian Bank of Commerce
^^_^^_M^_M__^___tM__^'^iM^^__iM-_^: _%£.
y?'.'. r^Vili c-^irl . r>'.■:'.., c*,sr:... c.>.\ . .-*, tr.. - .-.'-..   ■--.':, . , .-'.. .      -'..., ..:.r
tflAitvSM^"Vtf«\JtTv3K^TV)i^s\-iM^"V3 m*S \'.i..i'V'j^^\-»»-~- V., ,v.. Vj
The editor wishes all his readers a Merry Christmas and
a Very Prosperous New Year.
Liberty to our mind exists to the greatest extent in that
country whose people are least restricted by man-made laws,
and whose citizens, so long as he does not interfere with the
rights and privileges of his fellow man may do and think and
amuse himself, and eat and drink however he pleases.
There are people in this world who would restrict in all
sorts of ways the liberty of their fellows and force them to
forego pleasures and privileges which their conscience does
not tell them is wrong, and which injures no one, if not them
The citizen who would legislate away the liberty of his
fellow man to enjoy himself as he sees fit, so long ns he fails tc
to trespass upon the liberty of another, is a tyrant.
Cranks of this class have already restricted the liberty ot
thousands of their fellows both here and elsewhere, but signs
are not wanting that a reaction is about to set in just as then
was a reaction against the Blue Laws of a century ago.
The City Council has seen fit to deny the citizens in future, to take part in boxing contests, either as principals or
In this action they are carrying out the instructions cf
their Board of Directors, the Ladies of the W.C.T.U.
Tho W.C.T.U. we believe, is a very worthy organization,
but when they attempt to prevent the sport-loving element of
the town from enjoying a perfectly ligitin<ate amusement they
may almost be classed with that element we have referred to
At their meeting on Monday, several aldermen expressed
the view that there was no harm in boxing, as long as the contests were properly conducted, but they feared that it was impossible to be assured that they would be so conducted here.
If the Council cannot see to it that a boxing contest carried on under the supervision of their own police is properly
conducted, it is up to the citizens to see that a council is elected next time that can.
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
. . NEXT TO TARBELL'S, Ironmonger . .
Dunsmuir Ave   : : :   Cumberland
Beadnell & Biscoe
gomox, B.G. ■^=-
S*"a frontages and farming- land for sale
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
If not
!i a Mi A is ?
In either case you should be interested in this
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch per nn nt Ii.
Special rate for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 20 rails.
No accounts run for this class of advertising
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will|rent on reasonable terms
Full particulars may be learned
by communicating with
"  JIM '*
M" The Islander fcffice
Cumberland, B.C,
Headquarters for
LINES that help to save the
shopper's time and money	
Special Line of Ladies' Cloth Coats and Raincoats.
These are the VERY LATEST in style and are of correct material from $8.50 to $18.00.
Ladies' Delaine Silk and Nett Waists direct from
the best manufacturers in Canada—a very handsome showing
prices from $2 00 to $12.00.
LADIES' KIMONAS—in heavy wrapperette and eiderdown, handsomely bound and in dainty colors
Prices $4.50, 5.50 and 6.50.
a full range in every size and quality and at every price.
angle" Brand, full fashioned and seamless feet—none better.
Simon Leisep
& CO  LTD.
To the  printer who
does good work.
Good printing is the
only kind we do, and
our prices are  reasonable
If yuu wish tu make yuur piano or
frpit.nr appeal' j'i>" lik" l\w, try a
Jiwi.le of Iloyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish, ll is un exceptionally good
polish aii<l yuu »ill nut use any other
afier havi g tried it ouce. I i- put
up in 7!ii! anl #1.215 bottles -For sale
liy Chit* .S-gi ave. t »i|m Inlander" oftie
C'nuil'i riHini
;1 Mitts..
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer la Fruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
f=3_. Billiard Itooin in connection
Barrister,   Solicitor   and I
Notary Public.
The finest hotel in the city.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers In all kinds of Oood
Wet Ooods
Best Bread and Beer ln Town
Agenta for Pilsener Beer
Of all the Latest Patterns and made of the
BEST MATERIAL, beautifully finished.
We are sure we can please yon as we have a big selection
for you to choose from,       .       ,       ,
A. new      iiv  ' of NEW SUITS.    As yon
know, these Clotties speak ior themselves.
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manuf^ctuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
AdTertlM&Hnu under this head 1 cent, t won],
1 inns; itflctly Id advance.
Furniihed Room to Let, opposite the
Wanted—Three Young Pigs; send price
and particular!. T. A. L. Smith,
Hornby Island. jl»
Two Light Draft Tearaa, weight about
IMOlbs. Apply Shopland Broa.,
Sandwiok. jll
For 8ela-9 Milk Cows and 3 Heifers.
Apply H. 8. PorUua, Hankahaw,
Courtenay, jlB
S jRoomsd House snd Double Lot for
Sale, cheap; or will rent furniihed.
Mrs. Roe.
For Sale—Chicken Ranch » aciw, Oood
House (recently reuorated), 900 laying
ham, brooder houae and outhnusea,
orchard, good garden. Apply Mra.
Hill, opposite Dr. BeadiieH'n, Coinoi,
Lost—A Ltdy's beck comb let with
diamonds.   Reward on returning to"L
The shore will be paid to the peraon
giving information which leads to the
conviction of the party or parties who
•hot and killed my mare colt on the night
of Sept., tth, in tbe vicinity of my 8. E.
corner post. Address, J. Lawrence, Kye
Bey, Comoi, B 0.
Any pernon nr persons wishing to
rot any fallen timber un City Park
Lots are at liberty to cut and carl
same away fur their own use.
Any standing timber must not lie
out or destroyed.
Any person or persons found dumping garbage or refuse on same will Lk
prosecuted. ,.
By order of the Cily Council.
i A. McKinnon,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Aug. 19th, 1910.
Notice to Advertisers.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not later than
10 a.m. on Thursday.
if you use a LEGGETT SPRING  and a "RESTMORE"  MATTRESS.   We carry a full line of BLANKETS, COMFORTERS and
The Furniture Store"
MoPhee Block A.   McEINNON      Cumberland, B.O
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
5= Best on the Coast ==
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
tjnrjf jnfct tnfaf f___)__j_____£__
Handles property of all kinds
Farms, Ranches, Fruit Lands
m the Upper Country for sale.
Insurance Agent & Conveyancer
CaT.-Ca-' "-_t^
? (VWT ft^Vir- (V-vij PvVj1 JV vu* S/vJ ^ THB ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C.
2am-£uk Onco Again tbe Ouly  Cure!
Mr. 11. ..ilhiNoii, of 457 King Stroet,
London, Out., Bayw "Wbila a member
of the Kast Kent Division Pout bai I
Touui, and during n rough ami exelt*
iig t^ume of football, 1 lell on thi'
hard gravel, sustaining a badly lacerated knee. This required prompt
medical attendance, aa sand and gravel
filled the open wound, which was very
painful and  nore,     ;
'For several we«*Ka the doctor treat-
ed uiy injury, and it^waa thought to be
Well hoofod over; Hfut.no sooner had
1 begun to movo ubout than the skin
broke, and 1 sulVered more than at
tirst. For seven long weoltH I was ne
tunllv laid up. It then devclopod into
a running sore, and I was alarmed for
fear the result, might bo a permanently
stiff knee. The doctor's treatment failed to lo*al tho wound, so 1 procured a
supply of Zam-Buk,
"It was almost magical in its effect
on the sore. The discharging soon
ceased. The SOroneBS and pains were
banished and persovorance with Zuiu-
link made the badlylaeerate.l knee as
good and firm as ever. Zam Mnk has
uo equal in clearing and healing opon
wounds, and I recommend it to all
athletes and  sportsmen."
Zam-Buk will also be found a sure
core for cold sores, chapped bauds,
frost bite, ulcers, eczema, blood-poi-
co ii. varicose sores, piles, scalp soree.
ringworm, inflamed patches, babies
eruptions and chapped places, cuts,
hums, bruises and skin injuries generally. All druggists and stores sell it
at 50c. box, ur post free from Zam-Buk
t.o., Toronto, upon receipt of price.
Ton are warned against harmful imitations and substitutes. Seo tho registered name "Znm-Huk" on every package before buying.
SOME interesting   facts   concerning
the comparative number of particles of dust and bacteria in  the
air have been gathered in Kngland.
Using Aitken's dust counter, one investigator found in an open suburb of
London 20,000 dust particles iu every
cable centimetre of air, while in the
heart of the great town the number of
particles iu tue same volume of air wa
ln thn open air of London there was
on the average only one micro-organism
to every 38,300,000 particles or dust,
und in the air of a room, among LSI,
000,000 dust particles, only one organ-
(Bin could be detected.
Three facts, it is contended, illustrate the poverty of the air in micro-organisms even when it is very dusty.
Their continued existence is rendered
difficult through the influence of dessi-
eation and sunlight. Drying up is one
of nature's favorite methods of gttting
rid of bacteria.
The change of dietary that comes
with spring and summer has the ell'ect
ia weak stomachs of setting up inflammation, resulting in dysentery mwl
cholera morbus. The abnormal condition will continue it not attended to and
will cause an exhaustive drain on the
system. Tho best available medicine
is Dr. .T. I). Kellogg's Dysentery Cordial.
It clears the stomach and bowels of
irritants, counteracts the inflammation
snd restores the organs to healthy
3ylt.it.y bCoji.i uii.,I<Ii   cures cold*.   Leals
i* throe* and lun£».      •   •   ■       23 cant*.
Dr. McTaggart, of 7.1 Vonge Street,
Toronto, Specialist iu Curing the Litiuor
and Tobacco Habits, can be consulted
tree of charge from fi p.m. to if p.m.,
every day this week at the Imperial
Hotel, Winnipeg. He will guarantee to
euro you of the craving if you will use
hrs remedies as directed.
Dr. Martel's Female Pilb
F.w»nr*.i Kihi rteorotiieudtd lot wouieu'i »■
•mi* ft tt.tntttlu.llj prvptrfd retiitd,\ »l provei
«ort>i. Th* i*>>ii!te 'mn thfir not Ik quick »"
Mrmuifot.   Pot Hlf .>t .:! rtrutt •i»Tr».
VARICOSE VEINS, Varicosities,etc
Hwaptlf rajjtrgd _t____________if cured t>r.
A MM. «f(i, nntih-iilit' umiiiMil. T_~kt OUt MKIMM,
•liar* wi.ii. dntn funii ni'sn. Mr. ImU« KaTiitmu^i.
■T BrW.tr si.. W. Sj>rlii..!l.i|<f. Mute., muIitkI 'JO ywin.
-*»h CIlhirKMl. kn-'lti-"! Vi-ilui; III*. tltt-Uit mlVlft.lt ll"I>-
rfWltrk HTitl t(.|!|L* lu 1ms). llldt.fMl ul dnm* no Iin uwJ
HOIt III N K, .IK., unit n. .1 motltbr time tha mnu.
..m tuiit iweillnfi had »:i ilimppMrn wid li* wm en*
orfiy conn.  Hotnoin ftoum, Wenl, Ttinmr*, Cyum
et¥\ fully \.\uti-),'.. ■ nn-n nti :..nrt *n<l »t-r»l:i*. $M»4»t4
fnui-l.<K,U.i-lr,itiJniK«li*M'H'l.liv.-f-l. Jl'«.k.if Ins,
F. VOUNG, P. D F„ 21UTimB1ft St.. Springfield, Mzn
I tlM\-, IM.. II ...I. Umilli.n   ler 1.1..
ikVfxr.il.hr.lti. KtllTIN IHll.l; A mkAf Ml.. ttltinV-it
TM»'. MTIUSU.' IIHIII *Y nltNH.ll. Ml.. *tHi.i,li._ a ■ J.
■Wli •<..! IH MMIMIN  .111113. Ml.. 11.1.    V.1..f.,L.-r.
Kills Bone Spavin
Sir. V.ll«r, UU, U.t Blk. ins
"1 have omS rr«t Spari. Cure for a
IMS Haw tat maid a.t b. without It.
Han SUM a Saa. Saatla br IU aw."
That WIU lb. vhak Mary.   Aa*
baadnSa W Ihaaaaada bare bad Uw
MB. caaerieaee la the salt M year..
For Spavin, tliftue, Cirb,
Sptial, SwclUigs ni
all Lmeu»,
Kcadall'a tpevla Can caret lhe
IraaMe—aakce ike hone eeuad aa4
weB-aad m*m m—tj for thc enraer
hecaaee I* nmemt the ._*— of tbt
Keep e bottle elwaye at head- 91 or«
far $1. Oood far aua aad beeet. Aak
ymr dealrr far free cap? af oar h*ok
••A Treatise Oa Tto Han*" ar writ* M.
Wk.. e\ i-1»Mi CT. ■■ ■*■! FlU, TL*
rpWO ehorns ladles were at ouo of
X Victor Herbert 'a concord on complimentary tiokota,
"My!" exi-laiiiu'il mm oi tliem, with
a glunoo at her programme, " ha.su 't
Mr. Herbevi a tremoudoua repertory!"
"Well, I wouldn't exactly nay that,"
replied her friend, '*but ho is getting
pretty fut.''
ANKW1A elected Western senator
was pounding his deck and waving lus arms in an impassioned
appeal to the Senate. '"What do you
think of liinrr' whispered Senator Kean
oi New Jersey to tlte impassive Senator
Knox of Pennsylvania. "Ob, ho cau*t
help it," answered Knox, " It's a birthmark." "A what?" "A birthmark,"
repealed Knox. "His mother was Beared by a windmill."
R)BEUT SMITH, a brother of Sydney
Smith, and un ex-advocate-gonoral,
on one occasion engaged in an argument with a physician over tlio relative merits of thetr respective professions. "I don't say that all lawyers
are crooks," said the doetor, "but
you'll have to admit that your profession doesn't mako angels of mon."
"No," retorted Smith; "you doctors
certainly have tho best of us there."
it    *    «
A. M. DOWNKS, late secretary of
New York's fire department, related at a dinner it iiro story. "At
the end of the first act of a drama," he
said, "a man leaped hurriedly to bis
feet. 'I heard an alarm of fire,' be
said.' I must go and seo where it is.' His
wife, whose hearing was loss acute,
made way for him in silence, aud he
disappeared. 'It wasn't tiro,' ho said,
on his return. 'Nor water, either,' said
nis wife, coldly."
IHOM a crowd of rah-rah college boys
celebrating a crew victory a policeman had managed to extract two
prisoners. "What is the charge against
theso voting men?" asked the magistrate before whom they wero arraigned.
"Disturbin' tbe peace, yor honor," said
the policeman. '.' They were givin ' their
college veils in the street an' makin'
trouble'generally." "W'hai is your
name." the judge asked one of the
prisoners. " Horo-robert Ko-rorollins,"
stuttered the youth. "I asked for your
name, sir—not the evideuco."
1 'OCK, on his rotlirn from Europe,
saiil be Would ut onco resume the
orgauination of tho postoflloe Bavlngs
bunks. "Tbis work," he added, "roust
be conducted carefully and scientifically.
You can't establish postal savings hanks
as the cobbler of ray native Amherst repaired clucks. A visitor to the cobbler's
shop noticed one day a barrel half full
of tiny brass cog-wheels. 'Why,' he
said, ''what aro all those for?' 'Oood-
no** knows,' answered tho cobbler, with
a careless laugh. '! get about a cupful
>ut of every clock 1 mend.' "
TIE  Icit.I.-  was ^oing against  him.
■I'i, niinnndor-in-chiof,   himself
ruler of the South American republic, sent an aide to the rear, ordering General lllauco to bring up his
regiment et once. Ten minutes passed;
but it didn't come. Twenty, thirty, an
hour—Btill no regiment. The aide came
tearing back battens, breathless. "My
regiment! Mv regiment! where is it?
where is it?" shrieked the cninmainlor.
"General," answered tho excited aide,
"Blanco started it all right, but there
are a couple of drunken Canucks down
the road and Ihcy won't lot it go by."
NAT GOODWIN was describing a
Turkish bath ho once had in
Mv rubber was a vory strong man
(ho says), llo laid me on a slab aud
knendod and punched mo and banged
me in u most emphatic way. When it
was over an.l 1 had gotten up, he came
np behind me before my sheet was adjusted and gave mn three resounding
laps ou the bare back with the palm
if his enormous hand.
"What in blazes are you doing!" 1
gasped, staggering.
"No olloucc, sir," saol tbe man.     lt
was onlv to lev the  "dice  know  that
1 was ready for tho next bather.   Yon
, sir, the bell's out of order in lhis
IP vou simply cannot help criticising,
at   least   bo   careful   in   selecting
vour victim.
,\'magazine editor to whom O. Henry
had promised a story mnny times without   delivering  it.  sat   down  one   day
and wrote him thus:
••Mv Hear O. Henry,—If I do not
receive that story from yon by noon
today, 1 am going to put on my number
Sundridse Man Suffering From Gravel,
Diabetes and Dropsy Finds an
Easy aud Complete Cure
Suudrldge, Out. (Special).—Oravolj
Dla botes   and   Dropsy   are   a   terrible
combination for   man to have.    It
meaiiH that hla life i-* In the srnvost
dunger, unless, like Oeorge Vnnhoosor,
a wi.dl Known resident of this place, he
limit, the simple and natural cure. Here
is'the story Mr. Vnnhoosor tells, and all
liis neighbors know every word of it is
"1 had pains in my bnek aud across
the loins. My sloiuaeh would swell, I
wan constipated and I hud sharp CUtting
pains In my bladder, which made wo
suro that I was suffering from the terrible (Irnvol The dootor attended tno,
Imt I kept getting worse every day.
"Others had told me of the (.nent
good Dodd's Kidney l»ills had done
them and 1 determined to trv them.
Hix  boxes  made a   new  man  of me."
Oravel, Dropsv and Diabetes nre all*
either Kidney ili.seuHt's or are caused
by diseased Kidneys. The easy and
natural way to euro them is to use
Dodd's Kidnoy PilK They never fail
to BUTO any form of Kidney Disease.
eleven shoos and come down and'kick
you  down your own  stairs.    I  nevei
fail to keep my promises."
Whereupon O, Henry replied:
"I, too, would keep my promises if 1
could do all my work with my feet."
* •   *
TIIK mun came iu a bit late. lie
wanted to make conversation su
ho said: "Ola' she y' m' dear!
'Wake yet?"
"Oood evening!" said she.
"Tell y' why'm a bit alVer hours. Wc
mdtr gether an' organized a Do-It
Now So-so-si 'ty. *'
"Yep. An' th' first thing was to do it
then.   So, eoursh we did."
"Evidently. Uut artt't you ashamed
to como homo iu the condition you now
appear "
"Sh! sht Listen, preshus. 1 ain't.
Wo had a rump eonvenshun, an' form
ed a 'Don't Worry Club!' "
* •   •
IT was her first voyage, and the old
lady took a keen interest iu the
working of tho big liuer.   Tho vos
sel   had   not   long   leit port when she
slowed down.
"Tho  ship  appears  to  be  stopping
eaptain.    Wny should we stop here?
asked the old'lady, in somo anxiety.
"To let the pilot oil', ma'am."
"Do you mean to say that tho pilot
does not go with us all the way and
direct the courso, captain?"
"That's   what   I   mean,  nta'aw.*'  '
This   gavo   the  quostioner   food   for
thought,    Presently  sho  smiled,  as  if
struck by a bright idea, and she added
"How silly of me!  Of course aftor
the pilot has set the rudder pointiug in
the right direction there's nothing more
for him to do, wo he goes.''
* ' #    f
AN Irishman and a German wore sitting on a pier fishing. Neither
gavo the other any concern. The
rrishinan smoked away philosophically
at his clay, while the German seemed
absorbod in thought, or was silently
expecting a bite.
Suddenly the German fell into the
water. The splash recalled the Irishman
from his preoccupation. That was all
it diil, howuvor. Ho never made a move
to offer aid to the man struggling in the
"I can't swim!" said the German ae
he came up.
"I can't swim!" ho shouted louder
as he camo to the surface for the se
eond time.
"As he was about to disappoar for
the third trine the German cried heart-
"I can't swim!"
"It's a   funny time   to   boast
about it," replied the smoker of the
withstanding the great strain of the
wing stroke ou the oue side, when un
accompanied by action on the other.
For this reason we find in tbo eagle
and birds of its class that turn quickly
t fureula that is a perfect Roman arch,
videly at variance with tho Gothic arch,
which is tho shape of tbe "wish-bouo"
M' our common fowls.   Tho euglo's fur-
ula is everywhere equally strong, nnd
lacks those points of weakness that
mako our sport -of breaking the "wistt
bone'.1 possible.
With the Horses
ONK of the methods of testing the
existence of a jierceptible atmosphere on the moon is tbe observ
atlon of a star at the instant when it
disappears or emerges from behind the
moon. If there wero a lunar atmosphere it should produce some tiffed on
the appearance of the star. No such
effect has over certainly been observed.
Of late years this-method has been rendered more delicate, perhaps, by the
application of photography. Photographs of stars, made as they are about
to disappear behind the lunar disc, show
no indications of change in the intensity of the image, such as would bo expected to oceur if the moon had a per-
•ptible atmosphere.
I^XPKKTS generally aver that the
J most beautiful of all precious
stones is the red diamond. It is
held to surpass even the ruby in beauty,
and is extremely rare. One of the very
few .specimens of record is that which
was purchased by the l-.mperor Paul of
Itnssia for $100,000. This stone weighs
ten carats.
Of blue diamonds the most conspicuous examples are the Hope and Pis-
mttrck goms. Indeed, it has beeu said
that they are the only known speci
mens of 'the diamond thnt crin property
be called blue. Dark blue diamonds.
differing onlv from Bnpphires in quality
and displaying the beautiful play of
colors peculiar to the 'diamond, are
handsome gems. ■      '
Othor rare diamonds are those ot ihe
black aud rose colored varieties; but
the green diamond is not so rare. The
crassgreen kind, however, is scarce, and
when it does occur is generally of a
brilliancy exceeding tlmt of the finest
emerald. The Museum of Natural History at Paris 1ms a collection of green-
tinted diamonds that is said to be ot
the finest, but at the museum in Dresden
is to he scon the most perfect specimen
of this color.
In the museum at Vienna the collector's eves are made to bulge at lhe sight
>f a most wonderful collection of col
.red diamonds, it is shown, in the form
if n bouquet, the Oowers whereof are
lomposed of diamonds of the same
colors as the bloom represented. These
stones were collected by one Virgil
von llelmreicher, a Tyrolese. who had
passed many years iu Pra/.il and Soutb
Africa among the diamond mines.
SC1KNTISTS  call  tbe  "wishbone"
the fureula, and it is the union of
what are, iu mnn. two collar bones.
Tbese receive the brunt of the strokes
f the wing that turn the creature in its
row of lis appreciate the strength ot
stroke of the bird's wing. A swan has
been known to break a man's leg by a
blow of its wing, and, in like manner,
thn wing beatings of the larger birds
are dangerous if they strike the human
head or face. If, therefore, a largo bird
is in the habit of making sudden turns
to right or left in its flight, it must be
fitted with a "wishbone" capable of
1111K racing season of MMO iu this
country camo to an end whou the
last of the two half-mile track
neetiiigs that wore held ut Dutferin
Park was finished. The Miller Bill legislation has been givon a trial and the
result cannot be termed satisfactory by
iny means, inasmuch that wo havo* had
no much racing although thu object of
.ho promoters of the new measure was
to limit thc racing in Canada.
It is true that the established moot
ings were curtailed, but new tracks
■tpruiig into existence and while the
ueetings ou these tracks were prob-
ibly just as "legitimate" as those on
the older and bigger tracks, it is doubt
fill if their advent will do the sport
tf racing auy good in the end.
Decided opposition has been manifost-
cd against tlte racing of thoroughbreds
m the half-mile tracks, but it seems to
ne that ridiculous reasons have been
,'iven why sueh racing should not exist.
It has been said that the sharp turns injure the horses to such an extent that
it is unsafe for them te run on a half-
ill le track. There i^ nothing to this,
fhe same might be said of trotters and
lucors, but what do we find—more than
ten times tbe number of such horses race
in half-iuile tracks tu those that are
seen on mile tracks, and it is no more
injurious to running horses than to
harness horses.
The only valid objection to half-mile
track racing of thoroughbreds is that
such meetings are not conducted in the
interests of sport entirely, and therein
comes the run. The Woodbine and Blue
Bonnets meetings are above reproach,
but as much cannot be said for all of
the other mile tracks, although nt that
.here is good reason for their existence.
A racing commission appointed by the
Government is what is needed now in
f h is cou n try, a ud the sooner sue h a
commission is appointed the better it
will be for the sport. And in addi-
.ion to the appointment of u commission it might be wise to do away with
the bookmaker entirely, and (-online the
.vngeriiig on race courses entirely to
rite mutui'l system. It is understood
that the big jockey clubs will all adopt
the pari njutuel machines next year, hut
if the smaller tracks are not compelled
to do the same by law it is a sure
thing that no change will be made by
them frum the present plan of book
making which, in the main, is decidedly
On account uf the unsettled conditions
in the United States, which limit the
field of operations for t,he chalk artists,
there was a great rush of the "fritter
nity" into Canada during the season
just closed, and while niaiiy of them
were all right in their way, the majority
should never have beeu allowed to cross
'■■he border line.   The bookmaker has de-
The Foe of Indigestion.—Indigestion
ts a common ailment and few nre free
i'roui it./ It is at most distressing complaint arid often the sulTering attending
it is most severe. Thc vory best remedy
is Parmeleo's Vegetable Pills takeu
according to directions. Tliey rectify
the irregular action of the stomach and
restore healthy action. For many years
.hey have been a standard remedy for
lyHpepM.t aud indigestion and are high
ty esteemed tor their qualities.
SMIohb Cure
nolcdly slop* confbii  curo cslfU. bcala
U« Ibroat and lund*.      •  •  •     BO casta.
generated until he Is now looked upon as
vbe worst enemy of racing, and this faet
is no doubt apparent to tbo big jockey
Probably the best horsos that ever
took part in races iu Canada wore seen
during thc past season. Tho stables of
Harney Schrieber, R. G. Carman, August
Belmont, etc., being quite prominent
among those that came from across the
border, and it is singular that two
horses from the Sc.irieber stable should
capture tho richest events of tho season
ou this side. It was the first time that
Mr, Belmont sont any of his horsos over,
aud it is said that he is moro than pleased ifcitli tho conditions that govern racing ui.iilue Bonnets and Woodbine, aud
so wel) satisfied is ho witb his first venture that ho will be represented by a
formidable stable in 1011.
More so than in former years were
tho ('auadian owners unable to hold
their own with their American cousins,
accounted for by thc faet thnt there was
a shortage in the aged division of ench
of rtlio . leading stables. Tho Waterloo
stable, owned by the O. J. C. president,
■Jtffophi'jE, Seagram, was lamentably
tvi.ak;'.and the same may be said of the
Vi|lli»^ Farm stable, which was able to
accomplish little outside the races for
homebreds. Early in the season it was
expected that the Brookdnlo stable's
colt Chief Kee would develope into a
champion three-year-old, but liko
many other good ones before him, he
went amiss, and did not prove up to
sample shown in tho spring. William
(Ited. Walker, the blonde Easterner,
was the only Canadian owner to go after
big game on the tracks across the border, and he was more than ordinarily
successful, although his good horse Stanley'Fay earned brackets only once in
competition with the cracks.
If the Government at Ottawa is
dermis of fostering tKo horso breeding industry they must act during the
coming session, and institute legislation
that will regulate racing and not nllow
race courses to be used solely for the
propose of separating the public from
their money.
Racing is a grand pastime, worthy
the support of the best people in the
land, nnd a great pity it will be if the
the grafting gamblers are allowed to
ruin It in this country, as has been
tho case in many states of the Union.
One big man is all that is necessary
to steer the ship aright, and surely
that ono mnn cun be found in Cnnada.
The limiting of the number of rnc-
ing dnys to three in each week for
the trotters ami pacers has been more
or less a joke. In fact, it is doubtful if the promoters of the new racing measure knew really what they
wanted when the bill was framed and
passed last winter. One sure thing,
they didn't know what they would get,
for, resulting from tue different opinions as to the exact meaning of tbe
bill, some associations limited their
meetings to three days in one week,
while others raced alt week. Tbis,
however, cuts bnt little figure, but
only shows that those whn were respon
Bible for the much discussed measure
knew very little about the conditions
that surrounded harness horse racing
in this country.
It is a well-known faet that there
never lias been any complaint from
eveu the ultra-moralists   about  the har
Whother Sick or Well, iu Good Worth*
or in Stormy, He - Obliged
to Work Always
Market people complain about price*
they havo to pay for farm produce. They
forget that rain or shine, warm or cowl
the farmer must keep at it or also the
narrow profit, his bare living, will ho
lost to him.
A well known Haldimand farmer, tit.
A. P. Pelletier, writes: "For nearly
three years I was in poor health. A
drenching storm caught mo in tho flelde
and wet me to tho skin. I got homo
only to find I was threatened with ie-
.lamination of the bowels, I never get
ovor it nnd felt weak and heavy and my
system never worked quite right. But'ft
farmor has to work—and I found myself going down hill with stomach, liver
and kidney troubles. Failuro seemed to
follow everything.. I remained wretched
and sick until advised to use Dr. Hamilton's Pills. Jt is not easy to doscrlbe
tho sort of feeling a sick man gets wheu
he strikes n modicitne thnt he ean see ie
doing him a lot of good. 1 was overjoyed—Hamilton's Pills put now lifo
into me und everything worked right
Since cured with Dr. Hamilton's Pilb I
haven't had a single symptom of stomach, liver or kidney trouble. I am free
from headaches, languor aud weakness,
as strong, robust as a man could be.'*
No better medicine for general family
use than Dr. Hamilton's Pills. They ere
mild, healthful and certain to cure. Sold
In yellow 2,r>e boxes, alt dealers, or The
Catarrhozone   Co.,   Kingston,  Ont,
Wise mothers who know tkfc virtues
of .Mother Graves' Worm Kxterminator
always have it at hand, because it
proves its value.
ness horsemen ou their methods of
racing. There are several reasons
for this, but the principal one is that
the game 1ms been comparatively
free from the evil influences of the
bookmaker. Wagering has nearly ftB
been done by the auction-pool system, which corresponds to a large extent with the motuols. What book-
making there has been at the harness
horso meetings has beeu ou the beets
uud heat betting is the one evil cod
nected with the sport.
As the rautuel system of betting
would purify tho running meetings, so
tne same system would benefit the trotting nnd pacing races. AH wagering
in connection with the latter should be
on the result of the races, ami not tho
individual heuts. On the only harness
horse track wliere hookmuking haB boon
the exclusive form of betting, racing deteriorated to such au extent that ihe
spectators were conspicuous by their absence, and latterly it has been difficult
to get out oven the time-honored " corporal's guard," while at other places,
where the "book" is of minor importance, the sport has llonrished and increased tn jKipularity.
To anyone at all familiar with harness horse racing, the evil of heat betting has been most noticeable but it
has been ditlicult to get away from, especially when the boon maker controls
tlte track. All this could be remedied
by proper legislation, which would legalize only the mntnel or auction systems of betting, doing away entirely
with thc bookmaker.
the Famous
The Rayo Lamp Is a high grade lamp, sold at a low price*
Tlisre ara Umr« thit .mi m-re. but th*r*li on hotter lump matt* at **T
pri™. iKui-ttnirtfrl of «plM l.rvn; nickel plivtwl--*.m\\. kept, clean; ee*
ornament tn isnj room Id nny houw. Thar* In nothing known to iha are
of Unp-nutklogthPit »n adil tn the fatne nf the RAYO lamp aa a llfhV
Rlfln* iterlce. Kvorr dealer o?*r?where. If out at wore, write (or de-
■enplira circular to the nearest acearr of
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited.
The next time you don't feel just right, let us buy a 50-
cent bottle of Psychine from your druggist to
give you to cure your indisposition
and prevent worse ailments.
If you want to spc a liappy woman,
juut t'all on Mth. MoIIIq Dixon, fiO Hos-
kin Ave, Went Toronto.
"Aftor tfln yfars of suffering from
Kidnoy Disjouno, I bolievo I ow« my lifo
to ilia 1'iliK. Boforo i bo^an uning (Iin
I'ills my bnek nched sn much that I
could not put on my shoos, but after
taking throe boxes of Clin Tills thoso
for me to add one more testimonial to
the grand reputation of tlin Pills.
"Mrs. M.  Dixon."
50c a box, (i for $2M, nt till dealers.
Sample freo if you write National Drug
,li Chemical Co. (Dept. H.I'.), Toronto,
Thll being 111 li curious business.
It usually commences In a subtle
fashion, almost unconsciously.
Yet If you do not check your Illness,
It grows and grows.
And one fine day you And you're
•  * »
The greatest scavengers of tbe body
are the white corpusclea, or pbagocytei
In the blood..
Tbese, white corpuscles attack and
eat up every germ of disease tbat Invades the body.
Tbat Is when they are strong enough
and ln suflicient numbers.
If they're n6t strong enough, then
they wage an unequal warfare until
tbey are anally overcome by their
more powerful ene-mles.
Tbe body becomes steadily sicker
and sicker until actual disease lets In.
Now. we have had all sorts ot so-
called cures.
And a great many people bave seriously endangered their health experimenting with them.
But years ago—before even science
wu able to tell we had the right treatment for disease—viz., herbs, nature's
own remedies.   a
Now that iclence can tell to an absolute certainty, we know why certain
tierti cure disease.  "
Because they atrengthen ud in-
creaae thi white corpuscle* or phago-
A third ol a century ago Psychine
made remarkable cures.
To-day lt Is making remarkable
In the Interim, millions of bottles of
Psychine have been sold.
Hundreds of thousands of peopl*
made well and kept well.
Because Psychine Is largely made up
of those herbs tbat scientists now know
Increase and strengthen the wblte corpuscles, tbe phagocytes.
That's why we have received hundreds of thousands of unsolicited testimonial!, that's why we can afford
to buy and give away hundreds of
thousands of tO-cent bottles of Psy-
ch'.ne, that's why Paychlne benefits
theae diseases:
La Grippe Bronchial Coughs
Bronchitis Weak Lungs
nemorrhsies Weak Voice
Sore Throat Spring Weakness
Anaemia Karly Decline
Female Weakaeaa Catarrhal Affections
Indlgeatloa Catarrh ot Stomach
Poor Appetite Night Sweata
Chills and Fevers Obstinate Coughs     |
Sleeplestmemand Laryngitis and
.Vervons Troubles Dyspepsia
Aftereffects ot Pleurisy. Pneumonia ***
La Grippe.
Now we don't ask you to take our
word for tbe tremendouily beneBcial
effects of Psychine. Fill out tbe coupon below, mall lt to us and we'll f It*
your druggist an order (for whleh *•
pay him the regular retail price) for
a fiO-cent bottle of Psychine to be give*,
you free ot cost.
We will undoubtedly buy and distribute In this manner, hundreds et
thousands of tbese 60-cent bottle* of
Psychine. a
And we do that to show our entire
confidence in this wonderful preparation.
A confidence that has been based oa
our 30 years' experience with tblt
splendid preparation, wltb a full knowledge ot tbe hundreds of thousands of
cures It has made.
To ihe Dr. T. ft. SLOCUM,  Ud.
193*195 Spadina Ave., Toronto
1 accept) our offer to tn a 50c. bottle
of Psyehine (pronounced Bl-keen) al
-    .       1 bave not hnd a fiOo.
uttle of  Paychlne under Ifale plan.
roar expense.
bottle of   Paycnine under Uie  pi	
Kindly advise my druggist te deliver
tbls bottle to ue.
My Name 	
SUeet and Number	
My Druggist's Name	
Street and Number	
Thia coupon I. nol good for afiOo. bottle
of Psyohtne If presented to the druggist
-It must be sent ua-we will then buy
tb* AOo. bottle of Psychine from your
druggist and direct him to deliver U te
you. Thla offer may be withdrawn al *
any time without notice. Seed coupoo
t»day. I*
A8 a matter of fnct—said an old New bogin to feel at ease.   Then they begin
York police captain—the socialist tu explore regions bevond the inatrou 'a
idea of tho State curing for ihe room.   Thoy veuturo further and further
community's children  has been e^ttab•■"■■'■  —kit "    "    "
Uahed for years iu this centre of capital
itiu. The police stations in tho tenement district* are tho nurseries; the
Solicemen serve as nursemaids, thut
uty being one of their many odd jobs,
•aye Harper'u Weekly,
A polieemau Hees a little girl wander-
tag aimlessly along Uie sidewalk or
ttunding pensively iu trout of u bakery
window. He keeps his oyo on her. Sho
meets some othor children in the street.
They know nothing of formalities, and
ta five iniuutoo ure playing us if they
had known one anothor always. The
buu sinks; tho city begins to grow
dim; tho lights nre turnud ou.
1' Mag gee ee oe!'' culls a strident
voice from a fifth-floor window.
"Willee-ee:oel" culls another.
The crowd scatters, leaving ou tho
aide wu Ik a littlo girl who begins to
realize thut she doesn't know how to!
fet back to her home. Her appetite as-1
tarts itself. Tho running away of her
aew-fouud pluymutos emphnsizos her
forlorn state. One fist goes up to her
•yes, theu unolhor, and she rests her
heud perhaps itgitiust uu undertaker's
dingy, black-curtained window, subbing
"Whero do you live, little girlf"
asks the policeman us a mutter of form.
He know., tlmt sho iu lost. Then ho
leads her to the product station, whoro
the tells her lirst nume; llmt. is ull sho
eau remember. She is written dowu in
lhe blotter, ior instance, us Mury, aged
four, lost child, bluo eyes, black hair,
red-checked dress, button shoe ou right
feot. slipper on loft, uud so on.
Mary guos to the matron's room. If
ahe ie not culled for boforo nine o'clock I
ahe and all the other lost mul still uncalled-for children iu tue stntiou uro
takeu ovor to the rooms of tlio Chil-
dreu 's Society. That is serious, because, once there, the sucietv's agents
may begin to investigate whether or
■ot the child should be takon from the
parents aud entrusted to better guard
Uut nearly nil the children are recovered long before tlio time comes to
•end them to the society's rooms. The
mothers have called for thom often
before. If Mary doesn't como home in
time for supper her mother goes to tne
nearest police station.   She surveys the
fathering of lost children, grabs Mary
y the arm, if she is there, and rushes
•way, berating her for running away
from borne. That scolding is for the
cars of tbe police. She knows that she
was washing, or gossiping, or visiting
ia the afternoon, uud so let Mary drift
Away, depending on the police to be
careful nursemaids to her if she needed
The police stations in the tenement
districts aro uot unattractive nurseries. The lost child, when she is
brought in, usually sits stitlly in one of
tbe matron's chairs, taking in all ber
Mrroundings through eyes widened by
wonder. Sometimes the children cry bo-
cause they are scared. It iB not long
after tbeir arrival, however, before they
Can Only Be Cured Through the Blood
—Try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
Which Act Directly On
the Blood
Rheumatism will rack you just as
long as thero is acid in tbe blood to
cause rheumatism. That's the whole
trouble—acid in tne- blood. Cold,
damp weather may start the pains
going but it is not the cause. That
n rooted in the blood and can only
be cured through tbe blood. Years
ago when medical science did not
bnow as much about the complaint aB
to-day, rheumatic suuerers were given
something to rub on tlte swollen, tender joints. Some people who do not
bnow any bettor still adhere to tho old
fashioned way, but it does not cure
their rheumatism—and uovor will. I
When  the acid  is driven  from  the
blood    the    rheumatism   is  goue—it's
cured. The thing is to got the  right
medicine to drive tho acid out.    Ur.
Williams' Pink  Pills bnve cured more
cases  of  rheumatism  than   any   other
disease except anaemia.    They do this:
because tliey enrich the blood supply,
thus toning up the system to a  point
where the  rheumatic acid  is expolted
through the natural channels nnd  tho
trouble disapjiears.   Thev woro intended
to do this aud they do it thoroughly. Mr.
Henry   O'Donoghue,    Viscount,   Sask.,
says: "About four yours ago I came
here from Scotland for the purpose of
taking up land.    Kven at so recent a
date   as   this   tho   country was   quite
different from what it is to-day   Thon
the nearest shack to mc wus ten miles
distant,  and   tho   nearest   town   much
further away. In those days homestead-
ing  was  not  all  sunshine,  and  in   the
■pring of   1007   I  contracted  a   severe
eold.   I had never beeu sick in my life
before, and  paid  no attention  to the
eold, and almost before I realized it I
was down with an attack of pleurisy
and aB the pains of this trouble began to
leave me  thoso of  rheumatism  set  in,
and my sufferings were something ter- j
rible., Holp was sent for, but it did me
no good, nor did the medicine given me
bave any effect, and for five months I
was confined to the  bouse.    Then  one
day I had an unexpected visit from my
brother who came from Australia, and
whom  I  had  not seen  for  nine years.
When he saw my condition he at once
orged   mo  to  get   Dr.   Williams'   Pink
Pilla, as he knew of a number of enses
in   which  tbey   had   mndo   marvellous
cures |n Australia     The result wis he
Went to town and purchased six boxes,
snd before I bad used tbe last box I
was out working with my oxen und am
cow   as  healthy   as  any  man   in   the
province.    For this I must thank the
Pills and my brother's advice, and   I
strongly recommend tho Pills to othor
rheumatic sufferers,"
Sold by all medicine dealers or by
mail at 50 eents a box or six boxes for
$2.50 from The Dr, Williams' Medicine
0*, Broekvillo, Ont.
out, until finally thoy havo pouetratod
to tho back room iu which tho reserve
policemen, waiting for emergency culls,
aro trying to kill timo in tho plcnsantost
ways. All lost children aro welcomed
there. Aud thero thoy enjoy tho outer-
tainineiit furnished by a sort of combined vaudeville show, circua, aud
dime museum, all got up for their
benefit. Near-by restatirants, bakeries,
and candy-stores ure their commissaries,
yielding ou order what tho youngsters
liko best—except when the matron interferes in the nnmo of physiology nnd
hygiene. >
Nor is the entertainment all one-sided.
Over at the Tenderloin stntiou tho other
afternoon old Sibley ranged eight or
nine of tho temporarily lost on a bench
und nsked thom how they had coma to
be in their forlorn condition.
Stephen, ttvo years old, said thut a
carriage had driven up iu front of a
building in his neighborhood, nnd that
somo ladies hnd got out of it nnd gone
into tbo tenement. Tlio carrlngo bad excited much admiration among the boys
aud girls. Stephen had ridden nwny on
it, heated on thu springs behind—
"whoro the driver eau"t soak you with
liis whip." He had often made up his
mind to drop off and get buck into his
own territory, but he had hositated timo
after time for the sake of tho ride, so
that wheu he did drop to tho pavement
lie wus so fur from homo that he could
not lind liis way bnck.
A slow-moving Italian funeral, hoadod ■
by a brass baud, had lured black-eyed I
Vetta, agod four, up and down, across
and back main avouues and cross-
streets, until her souse of direction had
become so confused thut she eat down
on the curbstone nnd cried. A police-
man had brought her iu.
Alice, with blue eyre, hnd followed a
brown butterfly, blown across from
i\fcw Jersey by a high wind to a wilderness of hard walls and paved streets.
When she had caught the butterfly they
wore both lost.
Mike, agod seven, had beon lost once
before, and, seeing the policeman who
hud previously led him to such on ter-
tninment am. feasting, ho had asked to
be tnken in again. In answer to the
snme old questions he gave the same
old replies, and bo arrived.
But .lenuie—oh, she was a witcbl Her
hair  wua brown  and  curly,  her eyes
clear and   wide   open,   her   skin  like)
cream-colored satin—and she was fear
fully dirty.
"My name is Jennie, and I'm five
years old," she declared, kicking the
bench with her swinging feet. "Teacher Bayed 'at flowera like the one in the
tin can on mamma's window-sill growed
right up out of tbe ground somewheres.
She snved mamma's wasn't the only
flower in Noo Yawk. An' so I ast her
whero at did tho flowers grow right up
out of the "round. An, so she sayed
mnybe in Central Park. An' so I ast
our janitress—the one 'at mamma sayed
takes too much booze—where iB Central Park. She lifted up her arm an'
swinged it, an' she sayed straight up
'at way. An' I was on my way "at tho j
janitress Bayed wheu the p'leeceman
pinched me.
"An' I don't believe 'at flowers grow
right un out of the ground, anyway—do
youf—'canse mamma's grows out ot a
tomato-can. People would pick 'em,
Nobod- laughed at Jennie, and she
kept kicking her heels against the
bench, prattling away about the manifest absurdity of flowers growing out of
tho ground and in such mad profusion
thut a person might gather two or three
at once for her own special benefit, to be
carried in the hand, to be smelled, to
be given away at pleasure.
"1 know her address," Baid old Sib
about ten inches in diameter and three
inches thick, and came from the bottom of a merchant vessel, the Timandra,
aftor a cruise in "the Indian Ocean and
Chinese waters.
The effect of a foul bottom on the
horsepower required for a vessel is
very marked. Vessels of the South Dakota clnss burn about H>0 tons of coal
por day whon cruising with a clean
bottom at 13 knots, and require ubout
.'1,000 horse power. The extra horsepower required for a vessel as foul us
the South Dakota can only be conjectured, but quite a time before the vessels were docked, steaming trials showed that tho coal consumption nt 12
knots bad risen from 100 to 1.13 tons
per day und tbo horse power from 3,500
to .1,000. The miles por ton at this
speed had uropped from 2.0 to S.I.
Another interesting ense of tho effect
of fouling ou horsepower Is thnt of the
scout cruisers which went to tho west
coast of Africa in March, 1900. During
a stay of throe weeks at Monrovia, Liberia, the bottom of tho Chester became
so cotnplotolv covered with a growth of
barnacles that the usual consumption
of coal of tho vessel for a speed of lo
knots produced only 9.73 knotB. Tno
propellers had also become so foul thut,
though the turbines expended horso- j
'power enough to produce the usual
number of revolutions for 15 knots, the
resistance so increased that they could
only actually turn fast enough for a
spoed of lh knots with a clean bottom.
The further reduction from 12 knots
to 9,73 mentioned nbovo was caused
by tbe resistance of tho barnacles on
tho bottom proper. The propellers wero
cleaned as well as possible by divers,
and an increase of three-quarters of
a knot was obtained.
When vossols are docked, aftor cloaning, the bottoms are paintd first with
au anti-corrosive paint to protect the
steel from tho eftoct of the salt water,
and with a second coat of nnti fouling
to prevent adherence of animal audi
vegetable growth. About 250 gallons of
each aro required for vossoIb of tha
size of the South Dakota, and it requires about five hours for 175 men to
apply it.
Ln addition to protection from ordinary corrosion and fouling, it is neces
sarr to add special protection to prevent galvanic action where a brass
valve-opening or brass shaft bearing
will form a battery with the salt water
and steol hull. This protection is accomplished by the uso of zinc plates.
which will bo attacked in preference
to the Bteel ns long ns the zinc lasts.
It ia usual to renew these whenever n
vesaed is docked.
Sheathed and composite ships witb
copper bottoms escape tho troubloa of
foul bottoms. Tho shonthed ships,
among which tho Denver class of the;
United States navy aro numbered, have]
their bottoms covered with the ordinary steel plates, to which is. bolted a
sheathing of about four inches of wood.
Ou the wood, thin copper plates are
nailed. Tho composite vessels is constructed similarly, except that tho steel
plate is left off and the wood atene,
with tbe copper plates, forms the outer shell The United States gunboats
Marietta, Annapolis, Wheeling and
Vicksburg are examples of the composite ship. Without tho covering of copper plates, worms (teredos) also become
a menace. One of the most remarkable
examplee of the destruction of these
insects was a wooden anchor stoek,
which, when recovered from a sunken
vessel in the Csrribbean Sea was found
to be honeycombed till it resembled a
Sheathed and composite vessels require docking much less frequently
tban steel vessels, for tbe reason that
when copper sheets are exposed to salt
water semi-soluble poisonous salts and
an insoluble oxy-chloride of copper are
formed on their surfaces, which, in
turn, falls off, leaving a fresb, smooth
Does not contain Alum
A Sure Corrective of Flatulency.—
When the undigested food lies .in the
stomach it throws off gases causing
pains and oppression in the stomachic
region. Tho belching or eructation of
theso gases is offensive aud tho ouly
way to prevent them ia to rostoro the
stomach to proper action. Parmeloo's
Vegotnblo Pills will do this. Simple
directions go with ench packet nud a
course of them takeu systematically is
certain to effect a cure.
lines of a flower.   Tho petals, concave in
form, uro arranged much liko tho petals
of a hutf-blowu rose. Tlieir inside surfaces are covered with fine linos, which
have the delicacy of firm hand-carving.
The stem, which is about a foot long,
is light and strong, it is covered with
heavy bark, which seems to havo boon
cracked by heat. Both flower and stem
are dark brown—the color of weather-
beuten boughs—and dry as tinder. The
flower grows on a tree of great size i
and strength. Tho blossom measures I
about twelve inches across.
At tho mouth of tlte crater of Vulcan
Fuego ("Pire Mountain") stand about
twenty trees covered with this straug-
oat bloom that is known ou earth. The
scientific nnmo of the flower is Flora
niader-n, but by tho Indians tho flower
is called tho "roso of hell." It is of nil
things the moat extraordinary—a flower, iu shape a rose, but without sap,
without life, and without odor. The
bloom is of wood, the outside of the
petal of bark, and its stem a brittle
The "rose" possesses propettios that
aro poisonous in the extreme. If steeped in a tea, it produces a quick and
painless death. The natives hold the
flower in great dread and terror. During
ouo of the eruptions of Fuego two cities
were buried under thc lava, and there is
an old tradition that nothing was ablo
to withstand tne fury of Fuego except
thia strauge tree. Tue natives have
uot given it its name in any spirit of
playfulness, but from a terrified beliof
that it hns been given supernatural powers as well as appearance by His Satanic
Majesty, aud tbat it is from hiB own
garden. Theroforo thoy flee from the
spot if they see a tourist touch a bloom
from ita branches.
Sackett P/aster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Planter
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
"itrmm*, t_t»
The dog nlso fell instantly into all
the old routine of the farm, and kept
tho dish out of which he ate in the spot
where ho had formerly kept it. Ho show-
od that ho had forgotten no detail of
hiB habits ou the place five years before.
ON oue occasion tho Field Museum in
Chicago becamo  infested with a
(By Charles B. Brewer)
ON August 14, 1900, tbe armored
cruiser South Dakota was docked
at' Hunter's Point in San Francisco harbor aud six hundred tons of
barnacles were scraped from her bottom preparatory to painting it for her
forthcoming cmise to the Orient with
tho other seven vessels forming thc
armored cruiser squadron of the Pacific
Thia waa the heaviest growth on the
bottom of a cruising vessel in tho history of the port, and probably tho
heaviest on record in any port.
Tho entire bottom, from stem to
stern, including the rudder, wua completely fouled with a coating nbout two
inches thick. Single specimens measured 3 inches by 2% inches by 2 inchos.
Thore whs not n square foot of surface
of this immense bottom, 502 feet long
by 69 feet 6 inches wide and 24 feet <>
inches drep, to which tho growth had
not adhered.
The growth weighed twenty five
pounds per square foot. Thore was sufficient solid matter to add four and a
hitlf inches to tho draught of this 14,000-
ton vessel. Removing this growth re
quired an entire day a work from one
hundred and seventy-five men.
Thp Inst docking and cleaning of the
South Dakota before accumulating her
remarkable growth had bcen done at
I'uget Sound, Washington. Bhe hud
been out of dock since April, 190S,
seventeen months previously, autl had
cruised about thirty thousand miles, nud
with the exception of a stity of sixty
two dnys at the Navy-Yard, Mare Is
land, California, and of fourteen days
at Cnlluo, Peru, she had not been in
any port for a longer period than a few
The foul growths on a ship's bottom
takes many varied shapes and forms.
Specimens from the South Dakota were
sent to the Navy Department as curiosi
ties. The claim to distinction of the
South Dakota's individual barnacles,
however, rests principally on their be
ing a part of the enormous aggregate
growth of six hundred tons. While they
wore the largest individually within the
knowledge of many experienced con
structors, their arrival at the Navy Do
partment recalled to tbe mind of an old
employee a monster which had been
sent to the Department in 1890.   It le
THE "Tree of Heaven," or ailantus,
ia s magnificent wood, mueh like
the white ash, and capable of taking a high polish. Some day when,
liko many another immigrant, it haa
become thoroughly at home among us
and multiplied, we sball havo plenty of
lumbor on our markets.
The ailantus is a native of the Molucca Islands, not far from Borneo, just
soutb of tbe equator, where it grows
into large forest trees; yet it takes
kindly to its new home and bears our
frozen winters without a complaint. The
tree has run wild in tho Cumberland
Mountains, whoro evidently the birds
have scattered the winged seeds, having
used them to lino thoir nests. All about
Long Island tbe tree grows luxuriantly.
Iu fact, it has spread all over the United
States, having been taken there from
China, nearly a hundred years ago. The
ailantus makes a splendid shade tree
along tlic streets, but is not desirable
on the lawn, bucnuse of its strong root
system und its tendency to suckering.
fhe leaf closely resembles that of the
shruhbery sumac, and when io bloom
tho tree is very handsome.
Quito unlike the "tree of heaven" is
the "roso of hell." Tho tree bearing
this flower grows in tho crevasses ou
the sidoa of Mount Agua, a high peak
among the rugged mountains of Centrnl America and near the volcano of
Purge. The Guatemalnn Indians have,
known it for n long time and have associated it wltb tbe fiery vengeance of
the subterranean regions. At flrst ap
pearance this flower seems to be a
tough, gnarled knot of a tree which
has been splintered, but closer examination discloses the fact that it bas petals
of weed and bark, and the rough out
ANIMALS appear always to remember things that have once become
habitual with them. In a majority of cases thoy remember a single
kindness or a single unkindness, and
troat the author of it accordingly;
but the habitual thing may be said to
be always remembered, and the unaccustomed  thing only  occasionally.
One of the moat peculiar instances on
record is that with reference to tbe
performances of six coach horses that
wore driven regularly on the diligence
botweon Berne and Gurnigel, Switzerland. They reached Ournigel each day
after a long aud hard journey, and at
the inn were detached from the vehicle and allowed to find their own way
to the stable.
Before going to the stable tbey invariably set out on a little tour through
the hotel grounds, where the guests
were in the habit of giving tbem lumpB
of sugar. Marching from one guest to;
another, the horses gently demanded
their sugar. Tbis was an established!
custom at the place, and although guests
who had newly arrived sometimes objected to it, they soon fell into the
way of liking it, nnd frequented the
ground for the Bake of meeting tbe
The diligence plied only four months
of the year, and the horses were employed elsewhere during tho other eight
months; but on the resumption of the
trips in the summer, these horses, which
wero used yenr after year iu the diligence, eagerly resumed their tour
through the hotel grounds, showing, on
the vory first trip, thp grentest haste to
go the familiar round of the year before in quest of sugar.
The caae ia related of a cavalry horso
named Mciiclns, belonging to tho Tenth
Regiment of Chasseurs of France, who,
after boiug ridden in the cavalry manoeuvres in tho ring at tho barracks, bo-
came so fond of the evolutions that he
would manage to escape from his stall
large number of obnoxious spiders.
Thoy festooned the ceiling and great
columns of tbe building with yards of
their shuttle-work. Scrubwomen and
janitors tried in vain to rid tho building of tho pests and their work. Finally
a small bird known aa tho brown creeper discovered tbo state of thinga, and
decided to take up his abode inside and
assist the authorities in ridding the
building of the pests.
For several dayB the bird flitted about
very much as he pleased, wagging up
and down column after column and
probing hiB bill into every crevice, and
ho actually carried on a very effective
One morning, however, as an official
of the museum waa passing, an attendant remarked to aim that it looked
very much aB if the bird was done for
and a subject for the museum's collection. Glancing in the direction indicated hv the attendant, the official saw that
the bird lay panting on ita Bide at tbe
bottom of one of tbe columns.
"See if you can catch me a fly," said
the scientist to tbe attendant, as be
took the bird into his bands. The fly
being soon forthcoming, it was held on
the point of a bird's beak, and to the
surprise of both men the creeper bit
at it voraciously. That didn't look as
if tbe little follow waa about to die. The
scientist was much perplexed. "I wonder what's the matter with him," be
Then, turning the bird over In his
band, he found it had been entrapped
in a large spider'a web, which had
bound the wing and tail together in
such a manner as to preclude flying. It
looked as if some wise old spider had
resented the bird'a work of ertermina-
tion and hud purposely ensnared him in
a trap.
The queer bandage wna removed, and;
the bird darted ont of the building and
was soon lost to sight.
11*4, Weak.,  W«r», Watery  By**.
Relieved Br UurtM Bye Rested? Ity
Murine Por Tour Bro Trouble*. Toi
Wlll Like Murine, ft Soothe* Me Al
Tour Drunlsu. Write For Bye ~ '
Murine P— ■ *"
■ Bye Itemed* Co.. Tinstt
Certain varieties of asbestos are ae
compact in texture as marble, taking
the highest polish, while othor varieties show extremely loose, silky fibres.
"Mountain wood" is a variety presenting an irregular, filamentous structure like wood; and otber forms of asbestos, taking their names from their
resemblance to divers materials, are
rock cork, mountain leather, fossil paper, and fossil flax.
Asbestos is really a species of ampfci-
bole or hornblende, composed of separable'filaments with silky lustre. Itt
color shows quite a rango, passing
through various shades of white, grey,
green, brown, red, and even black.
In some cities firemen are provided
with asbestos clothing that pmctie«Nj
defies tbe flames, the men being enabled
to pass through a blaze unseat lied if do
longer time is required tban tbe period
during which the fireman can hold hit
breath. As we all know, asbestos roofing will eliminate all dauger of fire
from falling sparks. Millions of fee; af
steam-pipes, boilers, etc., are covered
with this material, so that all hest may
be rotainod, while asbestos also form
a frost-proof protection for gi. and
water pipes. Asbestos is also inditoen-
sable to the electrical engineer.
One of the thousands of special uee
to which asbestos is applied is that of
covering walla. Instead of plaster, a
single eoat of asbestos is frequently
plnced upon the raw bricks. The waB
may be covered as soon as built, and a
room, the walls of which were completed in the morning, shows that night as
interior aa smoothly finished as glase
and as hard as stone. Then, too, thla
glossy surface, while perfectly firm, wW
not crack, for it is very elastic.
the   ancient    "public    buryiag-
in Germnntown, Peuneyf-
ASBESTOS Ib auecr stuff. Tt is a
sort of mineral-vegetable substance—both fibrous uud crystal-
lino, elastic and brittle. It is a stoue
that will float, nud it may bo carded,
spun and woven liko flax or silk. As-
bestos is mined in practically every
part of tho world, nnd tho asbestos of
one country will differ as greatly in appearance from thnt of another country
as   will   tbe   foliage  of  tho  trees   nnd
   . plauts native to each.    There is, bow
at night, betake himself to the ring, audi over, one quality that asbestos every
The best medicine in the world for
littlo ones is tho medicine that will
promptly cure all their little ills nnd
at the same time can be given the very
youngest baby with absolute safety.
Such a medicine is Baby's Own Tablets.
They sever fail to cure tbe ills of
childhood and tbe mother has thc guar
an tee of a government analyst that they
lo not contain one particle of injurious
Irug. Concerning them MrB. Jol.t-
Robertson, Streetaville. Ont., writes:
"1 have need Baby's Own Tablets for;
i-onstipation with the very best results.
Tbey are indeed a valuable medicine
for little onoa," Tbe Tablets are sold
by all medicine dealers or by mail at
J", rente a box from The Dr, Williams'
Medicine Co,, Broeavllle, Ont.
go   through   tho   required   movements
llis nocturnal performance became
known, and the ofllcers and men fre
quently went to watch it. Menelna
would bo left unhitched in his stall,
and, when all became quiet, would go
out, find hla way to the ring, and solemnly but brisldv go tbrougb the whole
An American naturalist tells of a
curious demonstration of the excellence
of a dog's memory thnt he witnessed.
The naturalist possessed a collie, who,
at the age of nbout one year, had an attack of distemper, and wub sent from
tbe eity to a farm in a near-by State,
where he remained several months.
While tbere he spent a good deal of time
ia digging out woodchucka and barking
at their furrows.
Some five years afterward he was
tnken by his master on a visit to the
same farm, and be hnd no sooner arrived than he started out on a tour of the
uld familiar woodchuck holes. The fur
mer, who had been very familiar with
liis ways, said tbnt he did not omit n
nin gie spot where woodchucks' burrows
had existed during his previous sojourn,
md went straight to them without auy
hero possesses—that is, Its indent rur I.
Iiility. No known combination of acids
affects the strength, or, indeed, even
t In' appearance of its 111 ire; and the
fiercest flames leave it unscathed.
Y»«  Dr*r*1*t   Will  Toll  T«
Mario* By* Rumi ReUeve* Bor* Eym
Strengthen!  Weak Bye*.  Doesn't Smart
•oothe* By* Palo, and Sails ror lOe. Tn
Murine   In   Tour   Bret   and   In   Baby** ...   .
Bye* (or Scaly ByMid* aa* GraaulaO**. (thnn n murderer.
vania, tbere  is a tombstone ever
one grave half hidden iu tangled grata,
hearing au inscription tbat never falls
to startle thc curious visitor who fall*
io reading the epitaphs thereabout
This inscription Is as follows:
In   Memory   Of
Adam  Sbislcr
Who Departed This Life
December  the
2.1, 1777, Aged 9fi9
The truth of the matter as to the remarkable nge of Adam Sbisler is that
he wns gathered to his fathers at tba
ago   of   sixty-nine   yours.     The   stonecutter evidently mistook  hia direction!
or else he was absentminded and  bad
ont  "90"  yenrs   upon   the  stone.    It
would  seem tbnt  he  was  unwilling to
lose his bourse of toil, and so covered
up the fint nine with cement and added
another sfter the six.    In tbe course of
timo the cement fell away and "IW"
was left te startle observers.
There  was   a   time   wben   an   infidel
wus   far   more   shocking   in   morality;
ShiJohs Cure THE ISLANDER, cr.MiiKnr.Ayn, B.O,
Given Away at the MAGNET
You are entitled to one ONE TICKET with
every 50c purohase. Drawing takes place on
Capital $5,000,000 Reserve 85,700,000
Dpafta IniMd In any currency, payable all over the world
hlffheat current rates allowed on deposits or $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   —   —      OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
Visiting c»rd» at tl* Inlander nf
Job work ? You un net what ynu
l'waut when you want it at Thk Islamhkk
phnne 35.
Do your own ihcnping, See Mi Kin
iiell fur Choice Fruitt, Confectionery
nd Ice Cream. j26
Service! in the Roman Catholic Church
.ill be held every other Sunday iu Cum-
lerUnd    Rev. H. Marten., palter.
Wanted, soio one In lake ami raise
as their own, a boy or girl 8 yeara
and C months and 6 yeuin and G
inontha ohl, with privilege of adopting.    Apply X. Y ./.. thia ottiie.
For Sale—Thomaoui Boardiug Route.
Thia ia furuiahed throughout aud ia in
tint olaaa condition.
For paniculara apply between tho
houra of 2 and 4 p. ui. to Mra L>. Thorn-
Having disposed of my property at
Happy Valley I w.ll sell at Public
Auction on Wednesday Dec. 21 st.
,t 10 a. in. the following:
11 Cows, 1 two year old hciftT, 5
one year old heifors, 5 heifer calves, 1
three year old bull, 2 two year old
All Ihe above are pure bred short
horn stock.
Also I will sell 5 grade cows; 2
working horses.
W. J. ITarrigan
Happy Valley
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us
a call.
General Merchants, Courtenay.
DI8T?¥!Jra.c?bnt m. o. ieimiidie
fhe Russell
The ouly CV Mnde
in Aineiicit witli
Uip "Sii- t Kni I
Also matk' in vuivi
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bioy-
clea; Fairbanks Morse Oas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Fepniring of all kinds.
liicgcles, Sewing Machines, Guns, etc.     Scissors and Skates ground.
Rubber Tiers for Baby Carriages.    Hoops Jor Tubs
The BEST  Machine  on the  Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
JEPSON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. C
C. Segravc, Lucal Representative, Cumberland, B, C.
Wanted, teacher   for   Minto   District School.
Apply to
W .J. Harridan,
Cumberland, P.O
First assistant teacher for Cumbei-
land Public School, also teacher fnr
six months to teach the second division.
T. H. Cabky,
Sec't'y. School Board
Wanted, by man and wife a farm to
manage, or help, experienced in mixed
J. Thomaa
434 Helmcken at.
Viotoria B. C.
For Sale—One good farm horae. Enquire J H Milligan
Sandwick, B. C.
For Sale—Buggy and harness both in
:<ood condition. Price 875 Apply E
Dont .Marry "■;&&£,!
lo, be sura to order your weddmu invi-
tatoins at The Islander Office. Samples
at this office.
WJ pullet*, hatched 'IIM
frum Jan. I to May 31. laid 37380 eflfla
which »ol«l at wholesale price*
net       ... $1019.12
eoetollaed lor same Period      '211.05
ilveraut' profit per bird for
151 days        -        •
;;iiiiS nm imuiiMi.
Per IS.
-   2,10
■ -'.mi
Per .IMI
DUNCAN, ll.t;. Ji
Third St. & Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-clnss RigB for Hire
Livery and team worlt promptly
attended to
■**- GOOD -**■
in the
THE     JEl^WEXiliBIi
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Postoffice
Local Atfi'nt for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
:   :   :   CEIVED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
(or other steamer)
weather and other   circumstance!
permitting, will sale
North Bound
Leave Vnncouver 8 p. in. Moinlays
Arrive Nanalmo \t <x) p.m, Momtnyu
Leave Nanaimo 10 p.in. Mondays
Beaver Creek     f
Deimmii Ialnml      f
Arrive Union Bay 5,80 tun. Tuesdays
Jifiivc L'ni'ni iluy 10.80 n.m. Tuesdays
Arrive Comox 11.15 a.m. Tuesdays
South Bound
Leave Comox l.lOn.iii. Tuesdiiys
Arrive Union Boy _.o» p.m. Tuestlays
Leave Union Buy £.16 p.m. Tuesdays
iMiiiiiJii IhIhjkL      f
Beaver Creek     t
Arriv* Nanalmo iu p m, Tuesdays
Leave Niumimo li.oii p.m. Tuum.ii.ys
Arrive Vancouver l.so h in. Wednesdays
r  Indicates Hug slop,
Fur rated nud further particulars caller apply
GEN'L.   P. A.,
Vancouver,    B.C.
W.   McGIRR,
Nanalmo,   B. c.
Mah Lee
P. 0   BOX      4
Hone 8 yra, kind,  good  driver,   not
afraid ol  autos.    Harness  and rubber
tired buggy almost new.
Apply to, G. K. McNaughton
fi. Hr
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
'Third Ave., Cumberland
Autos for Hire
Motor Launches on the Lake
Ti i . » Rui.i alilu. l'n ,im ,,H
■'■■   AN DEI! SON
"The Correct Thing"
Personal     Greeting
For     Christmas
Call and ask to see samples
T. D. McLean's
Comox, B. C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox  District.
II _\»
ghristmas Again is with us
In the best leather goods-We have Purses, Billbookl
Satchels. Music Folios and numerous other articles.
C:ued Pi pes, Perfumes of the daintiest odors, Frenoh
and English Gcoris	
The best quality a .vays, and at reasonable prices
Always at your s.ivi.e. Please give us a call.
,♦<>»■»■»»»<.■«-»« »»
Comox Assessment Distria.
NOTICK is IliT-liy given thai ii Court ni Itevla-
lun nml Aii|i™l mii.I,.i ||„. provMniiH of tha
"AmeMinoiit Aot" vill be held for tho Comox
Aueiuntent Dlntrlct, nl tho Court 11.uho, Cumberland, II. 0 . on Thursday thu 22nd. Docombor,
nun. nt 11 o'clock iu tlu. forei n.
Cumlierlanil, ath. December, lulu
Deputy Assessor
Wishing my pal runs and friends
a Merry Xmas nnd a Happy New Year.
Sandwick, 15. C.


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