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The Islander May 4, 1912

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In   all   the leading patterns and
styles, —such as Buster llrown and
Sailor. These goods "ill u.-isli well
and the color, and lire jn-t tlic thin;,'
for a woll dressed li»y. Slsses from
3 to 6 years,
i^$4^ ^£^/-y   tf
Ladies'hjd'siid'silk lisle GI&v^|; j
\Vu|hiKe jupt, (t^eiyed ashipincnt' -
of £aie»' Kid (JMvostntU wdujed
shades'.^ i.uis and greys, all  sizes,
al. $1 a pWf/Wso long   whilo   Mi.
gloves, Hne^^hVpiftfA? (Sir.
Nn. 102
.Subscription price $1.50 per year
Committee Appointed
to Arrange Program
of Sports.
There was an average attendance at the public meeting last
Monday evening. His worship,
the mayor occupied the chair,
and after a few woll chosen remarks declared the meeting open
for discussion. The discussion,
to say the least, was interesting
and varied, some contending that
we had always celebrated the
24th of May and it was generally
known as the children's day and
they looked forward to it. Others
said that Dominion Day was the
best; time to celebrate. Some
jumped up to maintain that the
first of July was Union Bay's
day and admired the free ride to
*that delightful spot so generously given by the management of
the Canadian Colleries (Dunsmuir) Ltd. Others thought the
time was too short to celebrate
the 24th. It took time to collect
money and prepare a good programme of sports and it would
be against the interest of Cumberland to celebrate Empire Day.
The first of July would give us
more time, and we should offer
good prizes as an inducement to
secure excursions from Nanaimo
and outside points and-make it a
red letter day for 1012. The
matter was brought to a finish
by Mr. James Brown moving and
Mr. Alex. Rowan seconding that
the City of Cumberland hold
its celebration on the first of July
Dr. J. A. Gillespie moved fin
amendment which was seconded
by Mr. Thomas Bannerman that
we hold the celebration on the
24th of May, Empire Day, as on
previous years, and allow Union
Bay the first of July as usual.
After several more had spoken,
the question was put to a vote,
and the motion was carried by
the small majority of two.
The following gentlemen will
have charge of the Dominion Day
President, His worship, the
Treasures, Mr. Thos. E. Bate
Secretary, Mr. James Brown
General Committee, Messrs
Banks, Jack, Horbury, Smith
Rowan, Peocock, and Doctors
Gillespie, MacNaughton and
Hicks, with power to add to their
numbers. The committee will
hold its first meeting on Monday
evening next in the council chambers.
Two of  Cumberland's
Popular Young People United.
One of the most popular events
of the week took place Tuesday
evening at the residence of Mrs.
James Watson, Maryport Avenue
wliich was artistically decorated
for the occasion, when her sister,
Miss Cassie Grace Fraser of Sunny Brae, N. S., was united in
marriage to Mr. Angus McQuar-
rie, contractor of this city, formerly of Harwood Hill, N. S. The
Rev. James Hood of the Presbyterian Church performed the ceremony. The bride was beautifully attired in a very pretty
sheer white union gown over
white silk, with white veil and
orange blossoms. She was given
away by her brother, Mr. Samuel
A. Fraser, and was attended by
her niece, Miss Grace Watson,
while Mr. Chris. McQuarrie performed the duties of best man.
Immediately after the reception
the happy couple left by automobile for Union Bay where they
took the stemship Princess Mary
for Vancouver and the Sound
cities followed by the best wishes
of tlieir many friends. • Upon
their return they will take up
their residence at the corner of
Penrith Avenue and Second street
The house furnishers and decorators are giving their future
home the final touches before
their return. A list of the presents, which were numerous and
costly, will be published in our
next issue.
All members of the Fire Brigade are requested to turn out
for practice on Monday night
next at 7:30.
The police and licence commissioners have at last received
their appointments:
William Campbell,
John P. Watson,
Police Commissioners.
1). R. MacDonald,
Robert Cessford,
Licence Commissioners
We may now expect something
doing. Improvements are needed in our hotel accommodation.
Frank Dallos. of the popular
Hotel Waverly, will commence
the construction of a business
block at once. Mr. Dallos has
already built a large addition to
his hotel this spring and now he
starts the building boom which
we are going to have here this
summer by erecting a large two-
story building on his property,
sttuated on Dunsmuir Ave., between First and Second streets.
The first floor will be used exclusively for stores, the demand for
which is on the increase. The
second floor will be used entirely
for offices, and partition off to
suit tenants. Actual construction
will commence at once.
A. H. Peacey has in course of
preparation plans and specifications for a large business block
on Dunsmuir Ave., which will be
erected at once. Mr. Peacey's
business has grown so rapidly
during the last two or three years
that a building must be erected
to suit the demands of his growing trade.
John R. Gray, our popular
chief of police, will in the near
future erect a residence for his
own use in the east end of Cumberland.
H. J, Theobald has just moved
into his fine new residence recent
ly built in the east end.
The  ladies of  the   Catholic
church intend holding a Bazaar
and Tea on June 18th.    A dance
will follow in the evening. Particulars later.
new firm started iall BLAZE
The Cumberland Departmental
Stores succeed John N. McLeod
at his former business stand popularly known as the Corner Store.
The new firm consists of Mr. W.
A. Wagenhauser, at one time
a general merchant of San Fran
cisco, also late postmaster of
Winnott, B. C, and proprietor of
the Winnott General Stores of
South Vancouver, in partnership
with Mr. Frank Onate who has
had considerable mercantile experience and has spent quite a
number of years in different
parts of South Africa. The
Cumberland Departmental Stores
promises to be one of the largest
concerns on this part of the island. They have already placed
orders for additional stock
amounting to $25,000.00, and intend to branch out into other
departments and to complete and
add to the large stock they already carry. With the experience and ability of the new firm
their success is assured.
The Board of license Commissioners
will meet on Tuesday evening next in
the Council Chambers.
Mr. John J. Wier, we are pleased to
announce, is improving steadily. We
shall be glad to are hiin around again,
Mothers' Day will be observed in the Methodist Church torn' ."ow. Everyone is requested
to wear a white flower in honor
of Mother. The morning service
will be especially for the children
Notice is hereby given that I shall
oiler sor sale on Wednesday, May Sill.
1912, at 7 p.m., at 'he City Pound,
Cumberland, lt.C, one small buy horse
weighing aboul nine liundrod pounds,
whito face and left hind foot white,
unless said animal is redeemed lief re
said date und nil charges againsl sa nc
aro paid in full.
Pound fees, #3.00; cost of keep, ?fl;
advertising, *2.(!0; total cost #14 50.
Pou ■■■"■•"■ per.
Cumberland, B.C., May .'ird, 1912,
Some of our citizens are com
plaining at the way the marriage
festivities were kept up in the
early hours of last Wednesday
morning. Some of our citizens
got up and dressed at one o'clock
in the morning and asked the
police to be good enough to put a
stop to the annoyance. It's alright getting married and living
'appy afterwards, but we fail to
see where the fun comes in disturbing the quietude of a whole
city for the sake of wishing the
unoffending couple unalloyed
Local Boys Make Good
Showing at 1st of
May Sports.
Between five and six hundred
people took advantage of the excursion to visit Nanaimo on the
first. The excursion train pulled
out sharp at six a. m., but there
were compensations coming for
the early start. Cumberland carried everything before it in the
shape of football. Teddy's Terriers won the final five-a-side
football game. John S. Banner-
wan won first in the one mile
open race, time 4m. 60s.
R. Humphreys of Union Bay took
first in the hundred yards dash.
Cumberland also got the best of
Nanaimo in the junior football
game. There is some talk of issuing a challenge for the first of
July when an excursion is expected from Nanaimo.
Pleasant Evening with
Songs, Speeches and
Films Caught Fire and
Considerable Damage Done.
Last Wednesday afternoon the
City Hall caught fire. Mr. Peter
Anderson, one of the proprietors
of the moving picture show, was
busy oiling up the machine preparing for the evening performance, and after giving it two or
three turns a mass of flame shot
up through the building, the film
having caught fire. The only account for the accident is that
there must have been a match on
the floor and while moving his
foot Mr. Anderson must have
struck it, setting fire to the films
It was only with considerable
difficulty that he succeeded in
getting out of the building.
The fire bell rang at once and
in a few minutes the fire was
put out, but not until some of the
shingles were cut away and water poured through the roof, making the plaster fall from the
ceiling and leaving the place in
wretched shape. The estimated
damage to the City Hall will be
$1,000, which is covered with insurance. Messrs. Smith and Anderson will suffer total loss of
their stock as they had no insurance.
Samuel Drake and Edward
Quennell, pioneers of British Columbia and old time residents of
Nanaimo, have been called away
by death during the last week.
Mr. Drake held the position
of sheriff for the county of Nn
naimo for a number of years
FOH SALE-Thnroughbred mare,
fust, safe and reliable; either saddle or
harness. One of tho fastest- if nnt
Iim fastest trolling horse in the district.
IV further particulars apply THOS.
E. HATE, Cumberland, B.C.
White Leghorns. Wilson-Cooper strain
direct. Breeders seleclo 1 for vigour
and largo egg production. #2.00 [ier
15 eggs; $6.00 per 50 eggs; #10.00
per 100 eggs. Order early to avoid
disappointment. F.H. THOMASON,
Courtenay, B.C.
Union Lodge No. Ill, O. O. F.
of Cumberland, assisted by the
Rebekahs, celebrated their 93rd
anniversary last Friday with a
banquet and concert.   After partaking of the sumptuous repast
provided by the sisters,  the following program was rendered:
Part I.
Toast to the King.
Song, Jack McLaughlan
Recitation, A. Steinhouse
Song, James Aston
Toast, The I. O. O. F., eliciting an eloquent response from
John C. Brown.
Song, Miss Henderson
Song, Mrs. Frelone
Recitation,   Sec. H. Parkinson
Part II.
Song, Jock MacLaughlan
Song, Miss Shearer
Able addresses were given by
John Spencer and James Smith,
and a very enjoyable evening
was brought to a close by the
singing of Auld Lang Syne.
Mr. Charles Heraper of Comox
and Courtenay has been awarded
the contract for the painting of
the wireless station at Cape Lazo
Charlie Scavarda, son of Frank
Scavarda, general merchant,
died at the Union and Comox
Hospital last Sunday morning,
April 28th, at the age of seventeen years. The deceased was
shot by an unknown Chinaman
while passing through the school
grounds. The bullet struck him
in the neck and lodged in the
back bone, injuring thc spinal
cord. Six months and four days
he lingered, his lower limbs com
pletely paralyzed. Two months
of the time he remained at home,
two weeks in Vancouver in the
vain hope of help, and the remaining portion of the time he
was lying in the hospital here.
All that human skill could do was
done. The Chinaman still re
mains a fugitive from justice.
The funeral took place Monday
afternoon from the residence of
his parents at the corner of Second Street and Dunsmuir Avenue
to the Catholic Cemetery, the
He says he is Going to
Blow his Horn,   so
Get Ready.
Monday evening, May Gth, will
mark an epoch in the amusement
line in this city. Manager Curtis
will open up in the Cumberland
Hall with an array of talent and
pictures such as has never been
equalled in any moving picture
show in British Columbia. Mr.
Curtis has been very successful
in securing the famous Loraine
Ladies' Orchestra, direct from
the Hipprodome, N. Y. Miss
Loraine is considered the best
trap drummer that ever visited
this part of the country. Miss
Irwin is a violin soloist of no
mean ability, who created quite
a sensation at the Coliseum in
San Francisco recently by her
perfect rendition of Mozart's
Sonata op. 147.
Among the vocal soloists will
be found Miss Lucille Wise, with
all the latest ragtime hits. Among '
other selections she will sing tho
latest New York sensation,
"Everybody is Doing It." Miss
Wise is a lady of charming personality and no doubt will make
a great hit.
Miss Violet Perry will preside
at the piano. This will mako a
combination of musicians seldom
excelled in this part of the country. The pictures will be the
latest creation of the film makers'
art, and among other comedies
will be the "New Easter Bonnet"
and "Oh, You Ragtime," introducing Alexander's Ragtime
Special arrangements have
been made to handle the enormous crowds and in the selection
of employees the management
has put forth every effort to secure courteous and obliging help.
The performance will start at
7:30 p.m., and tho admission to
this grand entertainment will he
the same as usual.
Mr. M. Manson, member-elect
for this district, paid Cumberland
a visit on Thursday last, lie is
making a tour of the distriot to
ascertain the wants and requirements in the shape of roads and
A, R. Kierstead, late of Victoria, has purchased tho blacksmith shop occupied by Minnie
and Potter. He has torn down
the old building and will erect a
two story one 38 by 50 foot in
which to carry on the business of
a general blacksmith.
Miss Irene Mounce arrived here this
work lo join her parents.
The receipts from tho co itoms
revenue for Cumberland for the
month of April was $1,330.00.
Miss Anna Bell McLellan was
united in marriage to Mr, Harry
Biggs last Tuesday evening, Rev.
tther Mertens oflici-j Laffere officiating.   The list of
[ presents will bc published later. THE ISLANDER. CUMBERLAND. B.C
Jt\ which the world's peoplo woar
for garmenta still comes irom
North America, says Chambers's Jour
Eal, dospito tbo groat changes whieh
have occurred ou Uiat continent, us
peci&Uy within tliu last fifty years, by
tht: Bottling of what wan formerly a
wilderness, Tho value of the yearly
fur-hunt on aea ami laml throughout
the world is about five million pounds.
Of this amount Canada aud Alaska
contribute nearly one lifth, not because
Of lhe large numbor of skins BOCUrod
ty the hunters, but boeauso ao many
of them are rare and valuable, for we
musl remember that the seals takeu in
the waters of North America alone represent a very large sum each year.
Tbe history of the Hudson 'a Bay
Company might be called a history of
the American fur industry; because,
•Ince it was formed back iu tho seventeenth eeutury, this eorporatiou has
hud its agents and haulers scattered
over an enormous territory• Ovor a
•i:.;ury ago it had no less than oue
hundred and sitxy trading-posts and
''factories"—tlio term factories meaning stations in charge of its factors or
buyers, It not vnly obtained furs from
most of that part of Canada which is
(until and west of tho Oroat Lakes,
but many thousand p*du wero received
from the Pacific North-West—that portion of the United Btatos comprising
the states of Oregon, Washington, and
Nevada—at that time almost unknown
to the white man. In those daya Win
nipeg was the head-centre of the Hud-:
son's Buy Company, the log fort which
It constructed being tho foundation of
the present eity. No lougor is thia the
head centre, for civilization has crowded the fur-hutiter farther and farther
north, until Winnipeg ia only one of
the minor stations of tbe great corpora
Seven hundred miles to tho north
West of it is Edmonton, the largest
market t'or " raw ' furs in the Sew
World, the capital of Alberta, and tbe
must northern point on thc North
American continent to bo reached by
i continuous lina of railroad. Picturesque yet modern, and au outpost of
•mpire, Kdmonton iu thy old daya was
au important settlement in that flection, the extreme north western market
in the fur-country, It waa founded a
teutury or so ago by tho old North-
Western Pur Company, for a brief time
$ competitor of the Hudson'b Bay Company.
The industry ia now divided into
branches. But few of the akina are
secured by thc buyers direct from the
hunters and trappers, moat of them
being obtained through thc fur-traders
Who yearly mako expeditious into the
wilderness, nnd obtain a "load," often
for a supply of provisions and clothing,
and perhaps bo money whatever
changes hands. In the spring, whea
tlic ice and snow commence to thaw,
tbe agents of the big concerns, tho freo
trailers and the fow trappers who have
eared to brii.g thoir furs as far bark
as Edmonton and Prince Albert, begin
to move back to tho north country. The
Objective point of many of the traders
is Kort Resolution, a post on Oreat
Slave Lake, nearly oue thousand miles
north of Kdmonton, as the trail leads,
and something like four hundred miles
South of the Arctic Circle.    Port Chip-
ftewayaa, on Luke Athabasca ia another
mportant poBt, alao oa the edge uf the
fur country; and there are a number of
posts iu tbe interior and along the Mackenzie River, which flows frmn Oreat
Blave Lake into the Arctic Sea. The
most northerly poat ia Kort Mcpherson,
fro   the   Peel   Kiver, two thousand  miles
north nf Rd mon ton, and approximately
■ne hundred aud fifty miles above the
Arctic Circle.
Each company of traders takes a
targe supply or provisions and goods
for barter, in addition to ita own stock
of food, guns, etc., and the journey in
levering the thousand miles to Port
Resolution, or tho greater distances to
the more remote posts, is one of great
1101 cul ty and hardship. Thh first nino
ty miles out r.f Kdmonton is overland
to Athabasca Landing, on the Athabasca River, where flat boats and can-
O's are taken and the trip to the fur
country begins in earnest. The route
lies downstream all the way, since the
Athabasca tlown north into Athabasca
Lake, which ia connected with (ireat
Blave Lake by the Oreat Slave River,
But there are many rapids to Iw avoided by moans of lone; portages, ao that
•ven this part (if the journey ia' not
Tbe traders come hack to Kdmonton
more heavily laden than whon they
went away. Tbe pelts obtained by
barter direct from the trappers or collected from distant posts are packed
In bales weighing about a hundred or
#o pounds ench, and loaded on their
•anoes and flal boats. Then tho flght
against the current all the way buck
In Athabasca Landing ia commenced.
Towdlnes arc altaehed to the bigger
and heavier of the boats, and they are
pulled upstrt-am liy men who walk
along the banks "tracking," aa it is
Sailed. When the portages are reached
the boats musl be unloaded and the
cargoes and the boats enrried past the
rapids. Going down, it is possible to
8»nd the goods by laml and "shoot"
the rftplds in the empty boat sometimes. Oolng up, it is unload, carry,
• nd reload from end to end.
But if (be men who do this part of
the work have a hard tank, the lot of
the trapper fa infinitely harder. Ho
muat pursue the sources of hit livelihood with lhe utmost cunning, varying
bis methods, from lodging a bullet in
the vitals of n bear or oilier large ani
unal in sucb a way as will not injure
the pelt to wetting the subtlest of
snares for Mich wary ones aa the little
ermine, only the jet black tail of whieh
Is visible a» it whisks across the blind
Ing snow. The ermine is very shy, and
tt must be specially dealt with In order
to avoid Iniury to ita delicate skin.
Iven tho smallest of the steel traps are
too heavy for tbe best specimens, which
-he trapper must catch iu snares ot
tondor boughs or in some auch way.
Sometimes he puts a liulo grease on hit
hunting-knife and lays ii across the sue
cession of dots aud dashes in tbe snow
which show uu ermine 1ms passed tha'
way. Along conies the little white form
on ita erratic course ugain, The grcusi
appeals to it, and it begins to lick the
Made of the knife; bnt, alasl tha:
piece of steel is ley cold, and the tinj
it'll tongue is instantly frozen to it s<
lightly as to render futile all tbo fran
tic struggling, Thc knife is too heovj
tor the little animal to cany away
nnd in his own good lime tho trappei
cornea aud finishes his work.
If ho manages lo tnke a silver fox.
the trapper is in great luck, for tlu
l*lt of a prime specimen of that ani
nsl is worth fifteen hundred dollar.
lo the man who buys it duwu at Ed
monton, ami the very best will bring
the buyer as much an twenty-five huu
died dollars. But tbe trapper gets few
silver foxes, and for these he receives n
price much smaller tban the figure nl
which the white trader will eventually
make his aale. The animal of whicli
tho trapper will probably capture most
is tho lynx. One firm of traders brougln
eight thousand lynx into Kdmonton laat
summer, and these formed only a part
of the total receipts. Others which are
taken in large numbers are beavers,
bears, otters, wolverines, minks, martens, musk rata, musk-oxen, fishers,
weasels, and white, red, black, and
ross fox. Tens of thousands are trapped during tbe course of a season.
The hunter or trapper muat carry
traps and supplies Into the remotest
regions, where even lumbermen are unknown. He builds a low, wide sled,
holding three hundred pounds, and
loads this with pom, flour, undercloth
ing, and ateel traps. And when thc ice
on streams and lakes will bear his
weight he starts into the wilderness,
there to lead a hermit's life for seven
from the nearest habitation, the trapper tries to fiud two parallel streams
running near each other. Hero he
pitches his home-camp, getting traps
along botli rtvirs. Tho work of taking
months. Arrived at a point mnny mili-s
game frmn the traps is varied by catch
ing fish, snaring rnbbits. and capturing
musk rata for bait and food. Now nnd
then the hunter mny kill a wandering
bear—an event whieh may lead him to
H big Btore of wild honey in t\ hollow
tree. In this utter solitude lives thf
adventurer, perhaps forgetting the day
of the week or the month of the year.
Ho fixes the date for breaking up camp
and turning back to civilization by the
condition of tbe fur on the animals he
takes or by the effects of sunlight pn
the Bnow. Now and then he will shout
a deer, or even a moose, for the sake
of tho rawhide, moat, and fat, which
latter keeps his traps from rusting. I
A file serves bim instead of a grind-1
stone to keen nxos nml knives keen;
and he washes hia clothes through a*
hfde in the ice, drying them by an open
firo. The dazzling clnre of February
often brings snow-blindness; and a
month nr two later thf- fast-thinning
fur on hia prey shows that further work
is unprofitable, He then secretes his
j traps tn hollow Inga ready for next
season, packs his Innd of pelts on the
wide sled, and trudges off through the
forest to the nearest post or settlement. On arriving, the trapper sells
his furs.
When the trading wesson is over, the
trappers eo back to their winter hiP.f
ing grounds, which they do nnt leave
from Oetohr-r till .Tune, Here they may
have s shack nr hut built of logs which
will enable them tn withstand the rigor-
ova weather, but the location must be
car the homes of the animals, where
hey can frequently examiuu the score
»r more of trapa and nets which are
>ot for their capture. The extreme cold
I'outber largely enables thom to keep
he skins "cached" or stored out of
uors until lule spring, when they pro
uie for thoir journey southward to
iioot tho trudcrs. Tho fura may he
inched ou ponies, ou sledges, or iu
»outa or otuer water-craft, for where
mtorwaya are available these aro used
.u uinkit.g tho journey. As the traders
tow advance further into the wilder-
.less the hunters aud trappers aro saved
muy a week formerly needed in uiak
ng their way to the ueareht factory.
So many are now engaged at the vo
atiou thut thu American fur trade is
.dually greater to-day thau ever bo-
ore, in spite of the immense tracts of
.vilderness formerly the home of game
iiiimuls which have beeu settled by the
.vbitc mon. This is because by the preient system tho hunters aud trappers
ecu re much more value for their skins
han iu the past, and have time to
over a larger area of the wildernohs.
Some of tho iudiaus in the more north
'ily sections, whore the furs ure the
Inost because of tbe greatest cold, sel
torn or never son a white man or any
-igu of civilisation. They remain iu
.bo woods from year's end to year's
nd. Tho polta which they gather and
liuug on treoa, or '' cache' in some
nere effective manner, aro collected hy
halfbreud representatives of the trad-
is whenever the opportunity offers.
Muny curious instances of the manner in Vhich tho honesty of the Indian
uauifests itself are cited in the north
country. Ono of the tales told is of a
native who, desiring food and tobacco
uid blankets, broko into the store of
i remote trading post which had been
locked and abandoned for a few weeks
while the white man In charge transacted business elsewhere. The Indian
supplied his ucods, hut he loft pelts fur
payment for what he took; aud mouths
later he came back to ascertain if ho
bad left enough. Except in thc matter
of price, the tradora deal fairly with
the Indiana, und ordinarily nothing but!
good feeling exists betwoeu the two
classes. One Indian found a post closed whon he went to it to dispose of his
skins. Beiug unwilling to wait, he
forcibly entered and left his pack, but
nothing with it to indicate his identity.
Thou he retired, fastening the door as
best he could, and not until a year later
lid he rturn. When he walked into the
post and told his story the price of
the skins wna handed over to him without question. Tbo accouuts of the white
man had been carefully kept, and he
was certain that no claim but a juut
nue would be mndo.
Rev. Father Mauuai Abascai, of the
Roman Catholic Uhuruu of ilie Holy
Angel, thief of Polico Armando Kiva
and Sr, Miguel Morales acted tor the
unde, while br, Julio du la Torre and
Prautilacu O. t^uirus uctud i'or the bride
'11k-  bride will in a  few days start
for Paris to juiu bur husband.   <
Verves that are over-worked or weak
quickly indicate their distress by pain.
That pain may be neuralgia or inflamed
nerves, usually affecting the head, but
often the spine and limbs. It may he
nervous dyspepsia, easily started b\
worry, excitement or weakness. It mn\
bb St. Vitus dance, a common affliction
among children, or neurasthenia, a cou
dition of general nervous exhaustiot
accompanied by acute melancholy.
Worst of all the pain may signal the
early stages of paralysis ot nervous dt
cay, All theso disorders signify thai
tbo hungry nerves are clamoring foi
nourishment iu the form of good, rich
blood. The numerous cures of the abo
named nervous diseases and weakness
in both sexes by Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills, are accounted for by tbe fact that
r.keso Pills actually make new, rieb
blood and io supply the starved nervei
with the vital elements needed t<
strengthen them. Mr. Wm. 0. .(ones
Westrnoad, Man., says: "A few year*
ago it wan my misfortune to suffer from
nervous debility, brought about through
a severe attack of la grippe or influ
enza. When the fint effects were felt I
used to wake up in the middle of sleep
trembling like a leaf, and in a bath of
cold perspiration. Later the trouble
grew io bad tbat I scarcely got a wink
<if sleep, and would toss about in hed
growing so weak that I feared for my
life. A doctor was called in, and then
nnother, but without avail. I became
more and mor* law spirited, and with
out any apparent reason would have flt>
of crying. Whilo iu this condition, a
pamphlet was given me telling what
Dr. Williams' Pink Pilla had done foi
others, and I determined to give them
a trial. By the time I" had finished a
few boxes I began to get some sleep,
ind this greatly encouraged me. Then
my strength began to return, my nerves
urew steadier and in a few weeks more
I was feeling as well as ever I did in
iay life, and yon may be sure I will al
ways gratefully recommend Dr. Wil
liams' Pink Pills to every one sick or
ailiog, ss they restored me to health
and strength after all other medicines
had failed."
Tnu   can   gat these   Pills  from   any
medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents
it boi er aii boxes for $2.!W from The
Willises' Uedieiao Co., Breekviils,
I HERE aro plenty of reporters at tho
aviation meets, but as their obser
vations are usually made from
terra firma, we have so far had very
fow accounts of how it really fools to
tly. The man who runs the macbino
bus other things to think about, uud
ot usually a graphic writor. A correspondent of tho Loudon Times, bower, recently took au air trip, being
invited to go because he weighed 19ii
pounds. The aviators wore having a
weight-Carrying contest. Tho wind was
blowing about twenty miles au hour,
and the rest of tbe competitors declined
to tuko the risk, bo the aviator aud the
reporter had a "walk-over," but not
aa tame as most victories of that kind.
Wo read:
"The worst part of such a journey
for the novice is the waiting until
everything is ready for tbe start. Tho
sensation of anticipation is not unlike
the feeling that one has when oue is
waitii.g for a wounded boar to break
cover from the corner into which he
is driven. Dut once tho propeller starts
to whirl behind you all other thoughts
boyond the exhilaration of rapid motion vanish, You have pript the struts
thinking that you will have to hold on
like grim death, but you immediately
(ind that this is not uecessury, lhe
machine moves nlong tho ground at an
extraordinary pace nnd I only knew
lhat it was actually flying when I saw
the elevating plane change from tbo
horizontal. Of the motion of flight it
is difficult to speak clearly, Even in
tho high wind that Mr. Ornce was now1
climbing, it was not more than tbe sensation of a beautifully balanced motor-
ear. The earth—in this case tbe sward
of the ha oark racecourse—seemed to
be racing nway from uuder us. and in
a flash we were' level with the first pylon
and the judge's box.
"The much ine wns now up to 150
feet, and I becamo engrossed in Mr.
"race's method iu flying, It seemed
to mo thnt his attention was glued to
li ih elevating plane, with just moment-
iry glances out of his eyes to judge
the distance by whieh he hnd to shun
each pylon in ita turn. We were now
crossing fields and water. I could observe the gates, tho wire fences, aud
ft man bathing in the water. Then we
went around into thn wimi. Our pace
immediately Blackened, and Mr. Oraco
vas working to keep his machine in
the air. As we crossed a road we were
going so slowly that I could observe
the direction of the hoof marks of a
borse thst had recently passed. Here
all observation censed, ns Mr, Ornce
was now battling with the wind. Wo |
hnd only 600 yards to traverse to cross
the winning Une. but the dend weight
ngninst the wind wns bringing the malt ine down. Then there came n gust
heavier than them all. It took the ma-
"htne just up the requisite amount to
cross the lino, and we came gently to
earth. It had only been a four minute
-I 'e. but it wns certainly the most delightful ride that I have ever experienced. The only recollection that I
have that will describe the general sensation is that of exquisite motion."
MVRIUAGES by proxy are yet allowed bv liw in Cuba, On Wednesday (says a Cuban nnwspaper, a
■narked "copy of which haH been sent us
by a Toronto man now in Jamaica) one
of theso weddings took place in this city
it the residence of Mrs. Holer on the
Vfnlecon, when her daughter. Bta, Mont*
na Roler, became the wife of Mr.
Francis Ruas, boh of tho well-known
broker of thia city, who is now in ParU.
Sr. Rt.fl sent a power of attorney to
his friend, flpenker Orestes Porrara, and
another tn 8r. Manuel Torrei. Sr. Torres
"•enresentpd the bridegroom nt the wedding, as Sr. Ferrari was away in Santa
The ceremony wai performed by the
1MKE tricks were practised ia very
:    ancient   times.    The   first   known
fire-breather waa a Syrian slave
named Bonus, a leader in the servile
war iu Sicily, ISO B.C, He pretended
lo huve immediate communication with
the gods. When desirous of inspiring
bis followers with courage he breathed
flames und sparks from hia mouth.
Iu order to accomplish this feat Eu
mis pierced a nutshell at both ends, and,
having filled it with some burning sub
stance, he put it in his mouth aud
breathed through it. The same trick is
performed today iu a more approved
manner. The performer rolls some flax
or hemp into a ball about the size of
a walnut, whieh ho lets burn until it ia
nearly consumed. Then he rolls around
it moro flax while it is still burning.
liy this menus the fire is retained in the
ball for a long timo. Ue slips tnis ball
into his mouth unpereeived, and theu
breathes through it. His broath revives
lhe tire, and he sustains do injury so
long as he inhales only through his nos
Various theories have been advanced
to account for other feats of this sort
performed by the ancients, observes
Harper's Weekly. An old ordeal was
the holding of a red-hot iron by tbo
accused, who was uot burned if ho wero
innocent. Probably some protective
paste waa used cu the hands. The peculiar property of mineral salts, such
as alum, iu protecting articles of dress
from fire has long been known. An old
Milanese devised a costume consisting
of a cloth covering for the body which
had beeu steeped in alum. A metallic
dress of wire gauze wns added to this,
and thus protected a man might walk
n hot iron.
Fire walking is au ancient Oriental
custom, the origin of which is apparently unknown. It still survives in India, Japan and some of the South Sea
Islands. The performance, sometimes
preceded by incantations conducted by
priests and followed by a feast, consists iu walking barefoot over a bud
of stones which have been made rwd
or white hot by fire.
A tribe ou one of the Fiji Islands
was ouce persuaded to give an exhibition, and several Europeans went to
witness it. One of them, a Oovernment
meteorologist, carried a thermometer
that would register up to four hundred
When the guests arrived they found
hundreds of natives assembled. Tho
oven was twenty-five or thirty feet loug
and eight feet broad, and was shaped
like a saucer. The deepest part of the
depression was fifteen feet in length.
The preparations had been undertaken
long in advuiiee to avert any delay,
and the visitors saw the stones still
covered with embers.
Walking beside the pit before this
waa done, the man with the thermometer recorded a temperature of one hundred and fourteen degrees. After the
atones were uncovered he hung his instrument out over the centre of the
oven, six feet above the stones, whereupon the mercury rose to two hundred
and eighty-two degrees. It is said the
stones were "white-hot," and that low
flames from several holes between the
stones could be seen leaping up around
Two of the men who were to walk
across the oven were examined by tho
Europeans before their daring act.
They wore garments about tbe neck aud
waist. Their feet and legs were entirely bare. The soles of their feet were
soft and flexible, showing that they had
not beon rendered permanently callous
iu any way.
In order to detect Ue presence of
chemicals that might hare been applied for the occasion, various tests
were made.
Finally, at a signal, the seven or
eight natives who took pnrt in the ex
hlbitl6n camo down in single file to thf
oven and walked across the atones from
one end of tbe pit tu the other. They
spent less than half a minute there.
Immediately after they emerged the
Europeans again inspected their feot,
but could find uo sign of burning
Several Englishmen have tried thin
experiment, one of them a British re
sident on one of the Society Islands,
He stated that he felt something re
sembllng slight electric shocks, and
that the tingling sensation continued
fnr hours afterward, but thnt that wns
all. Thc tender skin of his feet wns
not even hardened by Are. Vet the
atones were so hot that an hour after
ward green branches thrown on them
caught fire and biased up.
placed the offending finger iu the hinges
of his table, which was attached to the
coll wall, and violently raised the leaf,
with the result that the finger was absolutely ahatterod and had to be removed."
Another case, even more remarkable
iu its way, waa that of the notorious
American criminal, Bidwell, who was
sentenced to penal servitude for life in
connection with the Hank of England
"lie was iu good health on conviction, but never did any active work in
prison. Feigning loss of power iu his
legs, he lay iu bed from duy to day,
and from year to year, defying all efforts of persuasion, and resisting all unpleasant coercive measures devised to
make him work. When 1 saw him at
Dartmoor at the end of eight or nine
years of his sentence, long disuse of
his legs bad rendered hiin almost a
cripple. Tho muscles were extremely
wasted, and both hip and knee joints
were contracted in a stute of semiflexion, so that he lay doubled up in
a bundle. Though he was examined
time after time by experts, uo one succeeded in discovering auy organic disease, or any cause for bis condition
other than hia own firmly expressed determination never to du a day a work
for the Hritisb Gorerumeiit—a threat
which 1 believe he ultimately carried
out.' *
Probably the biggest cannibal orgy
on record is one of which Miss Beatrice
Orimshaw tells in "The New New
Guinea" (Hutchinson), "la 18f>8 a
shipload of Chinamen waa baing taken
down to Australia. The vessel was
wrecked upon a reef close to Kossel
island (New Guinea). The officers escaped in boats, but were never afterwards heard of. Aa for the Chinamen,
numbering 31.H, ths natives captured
them, nud put them on a amall barren
island, where they had no food, and no
means of getting away. They kept their
prisoners aupplied with food from the
mainland, and every now and then carried away a fow of them to eat, until
ull but oue old mau had been devoured,
This one succteded eventually iu get
ting away, and told something, of the
story, which seems to have met with
general disbelief, True it is, however,
on the evidence of the Bona of those
who did the deed."
A characteristic story of John Bright
is told by Mrs. T. P, O'Connor in her
new book, "I Myself." He was at
dinner one night with an M.P. whose
wife by no means shared hcr husband's
democratic sentimcuts. John Bright
wns sitting near his hostess, and she
wns rather annoyed at having bim among ber smart guests, and thought to
give him a direct snub, so she said during a pause in the conversation:
"Mr. Bright, tlm rug, I understand,
wna made by you, and * am very dissatisfied with it, I have ouly had it a
short time, and it is very shabby and
badly mude."
"Is itf" said Mr. Bright, getting up
deliberately fium the table and taking
i silver candelabrum which he put
lown upon the floor and, getting upon
his knees, closely examined the carpet.
Ynu are quite right," he said, blithely getting up, "It is a bad carpet, aud
I will order my Arm to send you another in its place." And then he calmly resumed hts political conversation
nd the dinner went on.
THIE infamous Captain Morgan and
1 his piratical crew were sometimes
in tight places in Panama, and uu
one occasion were reduced to eating
tbeir leathern bags. "Home persons.
lays one of the company, Rxnuemeltn
(whose narrative is reproduced in "The
Buccaneers in the West Indies"), "who
never were out of their mothers' kitchens may ask how thess pirates could
eat, swallow and digest these pieces of
leather, so hard and dry. Unto whom
I ouly answer: That could they experi
meat what hunger, or, rather, famine is,
hey would certainly find the manner,
by their own necessity, as the pirates
did. First, these took the leather and
sliced it in pieebs. Then did they beat
it between two stones and rub it, often
dipping it in the water to render it by
these means supple nnd tender. Lastly,
thty scraped off the hair and roasted
or broiled it upon the fire. And being
thus cooked they cut it into small morsels and ate it, helping it down with
frequent gulps of water, which by good
fortune they had right at hand."
Malingering is common in jail, but
surely a case quoted from hiB own experience hy Or. Quinton, the late Governor of Holloway, in "Crime and Criminals" (Longmans) is a record. The
"hero" waa a violent prisoner who
feigned stiffness of the index ringer to
avoid oakum picking. He was so angry
when the finger was forcibly bent that,
"on returning to his cell, lie promptly
3«t«kip si*m sostfhi
is iWmI Md famtfa
'IMIE Orippeu trial haa raised once
I more tho much debated question
of capital punishmtrut, garnished
with the usual stock in-trade of the abolitionists—the uncertainty of circumstantial evidence. And yet, if the question be thoroughly probed, it will be
found that many murderers would ts
cape the just nward of the avenging law
if circumstantial evidence were no long
er ndmissihle. Those who premeditate
murder, as a rule, take every precaution
to avoid direct evidence, lu tbe majority of cases the murderer is caught
in the toils of circumstantial evidence
which he alone has supplied. The pieces
of underclothing, the scrap of hair, the
portion nf flesh with the scar of an old
abdominal operation—all these might
have been destroyed by Crippen, Mur
der will out. Falsehoods cannot be
woven into the flue unbroken web of
truth, A close examination reveals tin
flaws nf the most adept criminal who
seeks to cover his footsteps. The so
called romance of crime lies in the in
gonions devices by which the accused
endeavors to throw tbe sleuth hand of
justice off the scent. They spin auch
a mssy web that they themselves are
caught in its toils.
Who has not heard of these famous
partners in crime, whoso figures hold a
{dace of honor in Madame Tussaud's
chamber of horrors! The thrill of horror with which the public learned of
their gruesome traffic led to the passing
of the Anatomy Act. Here waa an or
gani'/ed, dividend-paying partnership,
syndicated for the supply of corpses tu
the unsuspecting anatomista, and, as a
mere Incident in the ungodly trade, for
the forcible emigration from this world
of many poor waifs and strays, who, despite their helpless despair, clung tens
ciously to life. Having selected an easy
aud unsuspecting victim, Burke, the
diplomatist and soft spoken benevolent
friend, tracked the quarry to his lair.
Hero bis partner smothered the shrieks
of those who protested against "the
deep damnation of their taking off;"
aome, doped with drink and drugs,
yielding up their spirits without struggle or alarm. The corpse was then sold
to good, easy going Dr. Perkins, who
asked no questions. Old washerwomen,
idiots, the flotsam and jetsam of the
streets, arrived at this human abattoir
singly nn foot, and found their way to
the dissecting table. Some, on tue pretext of having a drink, passed into tbe
murderers' den, never to emerge alive.
Tbey wore more valuable in death than
in life. Human wrecks whom no one
wanted brought $50 each whpn ready
for tho hospital theatre. The very
helplessness and friendliness of the
classes preyed on proved to be the
strong card in evading suspicion, No
one wanted these poor, down-and-outs
in life; in death their only market' va
lue was as subjects for the dissecting
knife. The score of victims to the ere
dit of these ghouls was forty, and all
teemed well until Hare, avaricious man.
took In lodgers. This proved his undoing. Even wtth the sworn testimony
of the lodgers, who were the horror
stricken eye-witnesses of tbe murder ef
vietimi, the prosecntion eould eily In-
ally succeed In accepting   one  of   tke
partners in crime, Hare, as a Oram   I
witness, so well had the firm Covered   \
iheir tracks.    "We always took cue    j
wheu we were going to commit mor    |
der," said Burke when the game wm
up, "that no ono should be present—    '
that no one should swear to seeing tht '  i
deed done.    They might  suspect, but
they uever saw." |
Burke, who suffered the extreme pe* \
alty of the law, has enriched the Eng- i
lisb language with a nt-w verb. "Te 1
burke"—to smother, to get rid of \
noiselessly—is ofleu used by the-public
speaker und Parliamentary debater, i
without any thought or knowledge of ]
its gruesome antecedents.
Tho notorious case of the murderer
George Muilins, ia a typical instance oi i
the latal tendency of the criminal te
weave the noose for his own nock, \
.Muilins was u policeman in Ireland and
also in England. After leaving the
force ho did odd jobs as repairing contractor, aud in this capacity did work ,
for old Mrs. Elmsley, a pouurlous, ans-
pieious uld woman, whose house rente ,
from tenants brought her iu the comfortable weekly sum of $-00. Thu murder uf this lonely old woman leaked
out un a Monday, aud straightly point*
ed to robbery as the motive. It wil
ideally the work of some oue hungering
for the weekly rents which she had collected ou the Saturday night. .Muilins.
the ex-policeman, was the oue being ahe
trusted. Search proved thut lhe old
miser had disappointed Lhe hopes uf her
murderer. The money was afterwardi
found carefully hidden nway. Nu clue
was found to tho murderer. The whole
tragedy s^med wrapped iu impenetrable mystefy. A reward of $1,506
wus offered, aud tho greed for money
led MulliiiH to the scad'old. He came
forward to claim the reward, informing
the police that the crime hud been
committed by a friend uf bis, named
Emms. To the latter's house Muilins
and the police went, but no clue was
found. Unable to resist the glitter of
the big reward, Muilins cried: "Yon
haven't half searched; look behind that
slab there," pointing to a large stone
in the yard. Under the slab wa.s found
a parcel containing spoons belonging to
tho murdered woman. The par cid wae
tied with a piece of shoemaker'b waxed
curd. The eagerness of Muilins and bis
indiscretion iu locating tne booty led to
his arrest along with Emms. The latter was a shoemaker, aud Muilins, witb
a far-seeing cunning thut failed bim in
the end, bad deposited the parcel la
his neighbor's yard, uud to throw sue
piciou un au innocent man, had gut possession by some means oi u piece of
wuxed cord, with which to tii- it. Ue
went to the scaffold protesting to tht
last his innocence of the crime.
Tbe mills of God ground slowly but
surely in the case of Eugene Arum. Ue
murdered Daniel Clarke, the mystery
uf whosodisuppcaruiicc was not at the
time unraveled. Time passed, aud the.
name of Clarke was forgotten, savo by
tbe oldest inhabitants. The lapse ot
years brought a sense of security, if
not freedom from remorse, tu the murderer. Excavations lod to the unearthing of a skeleton wliich set the memories of the older inhabitants jigging
backwards to the fatal year uf the dis-
appearance of Clarke. An accomplice
of Aram's, who, liko Muilins, unwisely
aired his superior knowledge, stubbornly insisted that the skeleton was not
that of Clerke. To back up his theories against some of the inhabitants, be
pointed out tho spot where another
skeleton had been found. I'he M-cond
skeleton wus unearthed, nnd Eugene
Aram was placed on trial for his life.
lie relied, like Crippen, ou thi: difllculty uf identifying the remains, but
the court and jury allowed sound com-
ou sense by sending him to the scaffold.
Another crime immortalized In literature was the murder of bis young and
beautiful bride by .lohn Hcnnlon, a dash-
ing voung officer of twenty five, uf gool
family, and a great favorite iu the
highest circles. Staying over at Dublin
ou his way home to Limerick, iu the
days of the rumbling end uncertain
stage coach, he fell in love with the
niece of a rope -maker (ominous trade!)
named Ellen Connedy. After the marriage they went to live at Olln, County
Limerick, Ireland, where, within u few
weeks after his marriage, Hcanlon determined to get rid of his beautiful wife.
He selected as bis accomplice a servant
man named Sullivan. Inviting his wife
for a row on the broad waters of the
Kiver Shannon one qu.ot evening, he
did hod to death, and cast her body into
the water. Presuming on his standing ns a "gentleman," he gnve out thnt
Ills humblv born wife bad turned out to
be of tndiiierent character, and had gone
to America. How Crippen-liko the storvl
I he lady V character was too woH-
known, however, and few believed thia
stnry. After a time her dead body wu
cast up on the shore—mute witness
agaiust her cruel husband. Like Crip*
pen, Scan lon had mutilated the body el
his victim so that it would be unrecognizable. Rtill the identity was established ^y a sensible jury of her countrymen. The case was tried bofore Huron
Smith, and he, fearing the great family
interest of the accused ordered Scan-
Ion to be hanged forthwith. Hia titled
relatives were unable to reach Dublin
In time, and Hcanlon paid the deat*
penalty. Out of these gruesome materials Gerald Oriffen wove his finest romance; Dion Boucicault hia famou*
"Colleen Bawn," and Benedict's "Uly
of KiHnrney."
No borne is happy where there is e
sick baby. The sufferings of the littl*
one makes the whole household wretched, for whnt mother or father would
not rather suffer themselves thnn ts
see their little one suffer. But there il
no reason for wretched homes beeauM
baby is ill. Baby's Own Tablets will
cure all the minor ills of babyhood and
childhood; not only that, but nu occ*
sional dose of the Tablets will kee]
baby well. Thousands of mothers havi
found happiness through the Tablet*
making their little ones well and happy,
Among them ia Mrs, C, C. Roe, ol
Georgetown, Ont., who writes; "]
can heartily recommend Baby's Owl
Tablets aa a help to the bnby during
the hot summer season. We have uk!
them and arc much pleased with theii
estilts." The Tablets are sold by medl
dne dealers or by mail at 25 cents. I
box from The Dr. Williams' Mediclw
Co., Brockrille, Ont, THK ISLANUm. CUMBERLAND. B.C
THE conglomeration of modes and of sources whence those
modes spring is amazing. Every autumn reunion the
great dressmakers give Ib a lesson in the advantages of
taring. No one accepts a groove, but sallying forth intent
open adventure happens upon divers possibilities that art at
(Me persuaded to serve the ends iu view. Thus it is that the
vague of the First Empire stands side by side with the
fashions of the Kussian peasantB and the uniforms of tbe
Qnar'n soldiers, and no one notices the incongruity, because
hath are subject to certain laws of line from which uot one
■•del swerves,
To preserve the slim silhouette and the straight and
aaaaty skirt iB tbe avowed object of some of the most successful couturiers. Even the Wattoau pleat, which on some
stedels is evident, Ib bo modified as to interfere in no way
•teatically with the rules laid down, and hence the silken
•aequo froek for afternoon wear in thn house, with the
taiatieot little Mnrio Antoinette fichu aud cap, ia "in tho
■Mure." It is with wondrous adroitness that the designers
aeatrive a semblance of reciprocity whore none exists.
The Russian influence is exerted over dress in various
(•">. and most obviously with reference to the Cossack cap
precipitated into our midst by the sudden change to cold
weather, a nap that is made of fur and trimmed variously, in
se»e casee with tho appropriate bristle plume, in others with
a high, stiff, military feather mnde of ostrich crisply cured
wrni supported upon wiro.
A military aspect is insisted upon even in the most nn-
•■petted details.   A delicate gold gauze cont of the niouiik
Se la belted with the tunic sash of a soldier. It is covered
k embroidery and is stiff with gold threads, and at one
Almond Orccn Liberty Satin Gowu
side, without the smallest concession to frivelons treatment,
ts simply fastened, ending with one straight hangiug band
fringed with heads.
Delicate and lovely is tho gauste—literally the material
known lung ago liv that name, Instead of the upstart chitfoa
•ff aet so often called gauge—fend equally delicate und lovely
the short whito satin skirt upon which it is mounted, both
with borderings of little rococo satin roses intermingled with
gauze. It will huve been noticed that the Empire effect is
given to the oorsage, which has straps of opossum over the
ahwlders and an edging of rococo llowers.
Tho belt is held in great repute iu Russia, Just as it is
•siang tho peasants of Scandinavia.
A Laplander, too, will treasure from generation to generation tho ornament* that adorn his belt.
What wonder then that the new exploitation of the Russian fashions, leaving out of the project tho cross-stitch
decorations thut have boon done nlinost tn doath, is concerned
with bead and tassid designs instead of with cotton nud silk
There is an immense charm in a belt plaipio of tiny oqnpue
•ends, in crude but harmonious colors, such as blue, red,
aid green, with un intermingling of black and white, to which
tbo very distinctive feature of long tassels of crewel wool
•id beads Is added.
A noteworthy design In,allusion to the very great heat
maintained in Russian nouses during the winter i's boing offer
•d to her English customers by a great dressmaker in London,
Hfce has introduced a cloth coat and skirt which when ro-
■wved disclose a beautiful chiffon und satin froek beneath.
Everyone knows how ensy it is to slip off a coat; It is
wtth equal caso that the skirt is abandoned iu this case, for
rt ts mado with a trio of passementerie fnstenings below the
waist which cun lie detached with the utmost ease from the
pretty under-dress it partly covers. Only partly, for when
tke skirt is on glimpses of the chiffon frock are seen in panel
twttn at one side, whero the outer skirt is fastened.
There nre so many tassels in tho dress .making designs of
tko autumn season that oue fears a superfluity of the pretty
•moments may ensue. In some cases tassels take the pines
of fringe, uud one of the extravagances nf the day Ib a bordering to the skirt or of the sweeping tunic, of tunnels thut
absolutely fall upon tho flour.
tko sides by means of tarnished gold eords, it has big mantelet sleeves of ermine and a fringe of ermine tails.
About ths neck Venetian laee ia used, dyed a mellow shade
of ochre, to simulate tho delightful tint that age bestows
upon laee, aud below it is disposed a yoke of Russian embroidery from which fox tails hang. The high crowned hat
of tailless ermine has an edging of dark fur and an upstanding ostrich plume at one side rising from a wash-leather
IN regard to flying accidents in general, thoy may bo roughly divided into those due (a) to faults In the machine;
(b) atmospheric difficulties and dangers; and (s) the
"human equation."
In regard to (a) the aeroplane may bo faulty in principle
and iu construction, or the materials may be to blamo. As a
rule, whero the aeroplane is at fault the engine iB tho root of
the evil, and ons great danger to aviators is overheating of
tbe engine or some part of it. An aeroplane engine has practically to work at full pressure the whole timo that tbo aviator is in the air. A railway engine driver who geta a hot
bearing can slacken speed, or send his fireman to pat things
Tho aviator's greatest safety lias in maintaining » high
speed, to slaekon which may moaa disaster; be eannot attend
to tho affected part himsolf and hs has no one to help him.
Tho practically unavoidable overheating of tho engine, with
the result of a sodden stoppage or loss of powsr, followed by
a headlong dash to earth, is a frequent eauso of disaster.
Turning to (b), the sea with all its known and charted
currents, tides, rocks, and so on, still wrecks ships, bnt the
air is a thousand times moro baffling than tbe sea. Its density and Its pressure are constantly changing; tbo aviator may
at any moment fly into an aerial whirlpool, gust of wind,
tho configuration of the land ovor which he ia flying may introduce sudden dangers not previously encountered, npset all
his calculations, and send him smashing to the earth.
Personally, the writer has a theory which may explain
one or two inexplicable flying accidents. I believe tbat there
are, so to speak, "holes" in ths air, that through canoes I
have not yet made sure of a vacuum iB created in tho atmosphere. The aviator flies Into this empty space, and without
any warning drops like a gigantic cannon ball. An aeroplane
may weigh half a ton or more—imagine that, if you ean,
dropping through a "hole" in the air.
Ab an aviator, the writer has nover flown into an aerial
erevasse, but as a balloonist hs haB. Anyway, np in a balloon
I have more than once knows it without the faintest warning
to drop right down fifty or a hsndrcd feet. Ths "holo" in
tho air is the only explanation that seems to fit the phenomenon.
Now we eome to (e) the "human equation"—ia «th«r
words, mistakes oa ths part *f ths aviator as a cause ef die-
aster. A frequent causa of accident, more especially in the
earlier daya ef aviation, was ths airman's taking the air at
'Too steep an angle. It is a little difficult to explain on paper,
but imagine a man trying to climb up a perfectly smooth
iaclined pisnk or surface whieh affords him nsithsr handhold
nor foothold. So long as ths plank Ib at a modorata eagle
there will be suflicient frietion between it and the body to
enable him to stay on lt, evon to wriggle his way along. Bnt
tilt the plank upward, and at a certain angle nothing can
save him—he must fall backwards.
Now, in aviation the air ia the plank, the aeroplane being
oa it. If the aviator risea too sharply, it is liks trying to
climb up the smooth plank tilted upright. He cannot do it
—the mnchine must drop to earth.
True, the skilful aviator, high up in the air, will cut off
hts engine, and drop to earth at an angle approaching ths
perpendicular—this is what they call the "vol plane"—bet
Does not contain Alum
That seasonable subject fur now assnmes an importance of
■raeh greater moment than it possessed while the weather was
warm. Then it was pleasant to speculate merely as to tho
kind of peltry that would be worn. Now it Is with the spur
ef present requirements that women are ordering their furs,
er retrieving them from the cold storage iu which they were
placed for the summer.
Thc fascination of black and white has uot waned in
I'aris, and in consequence black broltschwantz ls seen with
Soilless ermine.   Made in the chasuble piauuer, attached at I suppressed
Nattier Bluo Llbeity Satin down with Pearl Tonic
he has a margin of safety. As be users ths ground ho turns
tbe "nose'' of tns machine upwards, it curves round and up
and rests on a cushion of air to sink lightly to tbo gronnd
by its own weight. Itut if he make the angle of dsaeont too
uurrow, nothing can save hiin. Then, of course, the aviator
may pull the wrong lever, or mishandle ths slevating or steering gear; these ure '' temporary aberratious" which are inevitable. Ho long as men are men they will be reckless.
Tho aviator tries a daring experiment. If it comes off, all
Is well; if it duesn 't, there in au end of him.
Bo fur 1 have dealt only with tho risks of flying due to
the machine, the air, the man, but in conclusion there is the
danger that aviators cause to each other by flying too does
to another machine. The receut terrible accident to tbe
Baroness de la Roche is said to bave been canasd by another
ueroplnne dying near hcr. I do not know what truth there
is in this, but an aeroplane is not constructed to stand sudden
pressure from nbove, und a real point of dangor arises whon
one machiue is beluw another.
It must be understood that an aeroplane rises and flies
by, so to speak, climbing up an "endless staircase" of air.
Now, it is a mechanical fact that any action is followod by
an aqual reaction. If the aeroplane climbs ovsr a foot of
air, a foot of air gees down—this is putting it very roughly,
for each advance Ib followed by a Blight drop, but we will
stick to the broad principle. The aeroplane then foreea the
air from under it as It rises, with the result that thero is
a strong and almost vertical down-draught from It.
The machine underneath encounters this pressure from
above, and probably gets it more on one part than another,
with tbe result that It is tilted forwards, backwards, or to one
side or to the other at a dangerous angle.
There ia yet another cause of flying accidents that I
hava not mentioned. That is ths growing tendency of thr
public at aviation meetings to expect the airmen to ily whatever the conditions.    That brutal spirit should bo sternly
WHEN a leopard eomee into the
house, be very earefnl not to
shut the door. Tbis rnle may
not hold for elephants or for giraffes,
but it ononis from the following account that leopards favor tho open-
door policy. If the door ia open, they
run; if it is shut, they become peevish
and begin roughing it. Tho story below is an extract from a letter of Mr.
Oeorge Maxwell, written to a friend
in the Transvaal and reprinted in "The
Wide Wide World." Mr. Maxwell, by
the way, was with Colonel Roosevelt
last year, hunting big game in East
Africa.   The letter reads:
1 am writing this on my back in
Nyeri Hospital, as tue result of coming
off second best in a flare-up with a
huge leopard. The thing happened
on the evening of November Sth last.
About six-thirty pan., jost as it was
fetting dark, I took a walk over to
ir. McDongall 'a, my nearest neighbor,
about three-quarters of a mile distant,
and bad dinner there; afterward we
sat talking around the fire. McDongall 's
house ia a small stone building containing only one room, about sixteen
feet by fourteen with the door in tke
centre of tbo wall and the fireplace
iu a corner.
Three nights before thie a leopard
had taken away one of bis pigs, so he
had put out bis rifle and one of mine
as trap-guns at his pig house. On this
particular evening, however, be had
not yet set them.
About ten-thirty p.m., as we sat
smoking and talking round the fire—
the door open, as usual—my little dog
ran out and started barking round by
the   pig-houses.
"That blessed leopard must have
eome back," I said, half jokingly; "tho
dog is evidently after something."
"Oh, he's always kicking np a fuss
oyer nothing," returned MacDongnll.
A minnte or so went by; then we
heard tbe sound of feet rushing toward
tho door, and, looking round, saw my
dog come toaring in witb a monstrous
leopard at its tail. I never aaw a bigger. The brute was coming at Such
a speed tbat it was through the doorway and nearly on top of ns before
it conld stop.
Both of us promptly started shouting
at it—partly to relieve onr feeKngs,
pnrtly in the hope of saving the dog.
What with tbe shouting, our proximity,
and the lamplight, the leopard was so
scared that it became qnite dazed. It
tried to rush out again, but, missing
tbe door, got to thu far side of the
house, where it kept jumping up nt tho
walls aiul windows. McDongall and I
continued shouting at it. We thought
the episode rather fnnny than otherwise, and thnt nt any moment tbe beast
would find the door and bott, having
received a fright that wonld last it a
long time.
All of a sudden, while it was jumping about, the leopard enme againBt
the back of tho door aud shut it with
a bang. Then it dawned on me that
we were in a. bad fix, und no mistake,
for a leopard will fight most desperately when cornered. By thiB time tho
brute was in a frenzy of rago at being
trn|vj>ed, and flew round and round the
room liko a streak of lightniug, sending dishes, cuplionrds, boxes, nnd everything flying. McDougall and I retrent-
ed to corners, usiug our chairs ns shields.
We had no weapon of any kind, nnd it
was dangerous to move, for tho leopard
naturally thought we were coming to
attack it. All tho timo my little dog
was dashing hither nud thither after
the infuriated brute, worrying it when
ever he got a chance.
As I was nearest the door I thought
I would make an attempt to o|ion it,
as otherwise the beast would undoubtedly finish the pair of us. I meant to
go vory slowly and only move when
its back wus toward me, but 1 had only
made my first step when tbo leopard
turned round and witb a horrible growl
sprang nt me with terrific force. Tbo
light was very bad, nnd it must bnve
sprung higher thnn I expected, for
it knocked the chair nnt Qf my hnnds
and got some nf its clows honie in my
scalp, ripping it like a piece of cloth,
staggering and half-dazed, I got to
work with my fists und kept punching
it about the head witb ull my strength.
I don't suppose I did mneli damage,
Imt. 1 think I must hnve kept thc brute
from putting its teeth iuto my legs
or body, fnr it tried repeatedly to catch
my hand us I hit nt it, while the dog
jumped lip and bit at its ear. Presently the dog caught it by the bind leg,
anil it turned round sharply to get nt
hltn. Seizing my opjMirtnnity, 1 made
for the door, though 1 wns so blinded
with blood thut I conld hardly see
where it was. I threw the door open
and looked uround jnst in time to seo
the leopard going for Me.Dougnll.
I made to go round nnd try to got
thc brnto off blm, bnt wben I got halfway I heard thc door closo again, nnd
I knew it wns no use doing anything
so long as the leopard eould not get out,
so I went hack to the door. I think it
wus just ns well, for I had not even
a chnlr in my hands that time,, aird
the animal would probably havo finished me altogether. When I looked
round ngain thc beast was just going
to spring at McDongall, but he caught
hold of a blanket and held it up in
front of him, which stopped it from
I stood still—I was getting weak
by this time—holding flic door open
with one hand, and keeping the blood
out of my eyes with tli" other. The
leopard must' hnve been getting tired,
for It stood motionless by thn side of
the bed, and I could have pinked it
nicely hnd I onlv had a spear.
The plucky dog was still worrying
lt, biting at its nose nnd legs, and
presently it turned round nnd snapped
savagely at him.    As it did so it felt|
the night air coming in, turned ronnd,
saw the open door, and trotted out,
with tbe dog still biting at Hs hind
Joartors, so that I did not oven get a
arewell kick at it.
After we had got rid of our nnwel
eome visitor, we began comparing
wonnds. I put my nand np to my head
for the firat time, and it fett jnst like a
field of ploughed ment. MoDongaU had
escaped much more lightly—he had only
some scratches on his arm, but burned
his fingers pretty badly whon tbe beast
attacked me. He had pnt hia band
into the Are to get a brand to shove
in its faee, ond, failing to And one, in
the hurry and excitement, he had been
grubbing among tbe red-hot ashes with
his fingers. He felt no pain at the
moment, bnt afterward diseovorod they
were badly damaged.
We sent np to JNyeri for tho hospital
assistant to come down. He arrived
abont tbree in the morning and dressed
onr injnries. Next day he took me up
on a stretcher to Nyeri, where I have
been ever since, and shall be for a few
weoks yet, as I have got some very bad
wonnds about my bead and a good deal
of my skull exposed. I am getting on
very well, and think all danger is now
past. But I wish I had got that leopard!
THE general staff of the army and
the faeulty at tbe War College
_ at Washington huve been giving
consideration to the question of having trained dogs ne a part of tho war
forces of the United States, with the
result that it is probable tbat within
a short itme thc United States army
will have its trained dogs as Germany
nnd France have.
In everything pertaining to tbe art
of war Germany is generally first. She
introduced trained dogs an a part of
hor regulnr military system many yoars
before any other nation. France followed Oermany. Both theso countries
havo sneoeeded in training eorpe of
dogs which, it is contended, are invaluable on the field of battle. The dog
corps is attached to the Red Cross, and
the  animals are trained to recognise
Dr. .1. D. Kellogg's Dysentery Cordial
is componndod specially to combat dysentery, cholera morbus and all inflammatory disorders that change of food or
water may sot up in the stomach and
intestines. Theso complaints are more
common in summer than in winter, but
they aro not confined to tho warm
months, as undue laxness of the bowels
may seize a man at any time. Such a
sufferer will find speedy relief in this
no authority exeept hbat of a mas shi
the Red Cross insignia on his ana. ft
stranger eould pnt on a Red Crose tut-
form with the red «oss, and the deae
would obey him inidnutly. Ona eet dl
the dogs is trained sot to bark whv
a wounded soldier is discovered oa tHi
field, for fear of drawing tbe attention
of the enemy. An animal thns traiaaS
will take the soldier's can in hia mew*
and rush back to camp with it Aaottaff
set is trained to givo the alarm whas a
wonnded mas is foud by a eerie* tf
short, sharp barks. The dogs ars tangM
never to scent ont tke dead. Thsy aae
only taught to assist tke wonnded. WwWt
dog carries a first-aid package stromal
around his neck, and each knows tail
when a wounded mas is found it ia Hb
duty to let the soldier take the package.
Oermany has several hundred «t
these trained doga, whilo Franco haa
only abont fifty. It is tho purpose «f
the American army to try only a i
number at first.
AT least one London firm
spectacles for horses. The objea*
of theso is to promote high **m
ping. Tho frames are made ef **m
leather entirely enclosing the eyee af
the horse, nnd the glasses used are
cave and large in size. The gr
seems to the horso to bo raissd,
he accordingly steps high, thinking UM
he is going uphill or hus to stop e»w
some bbstacle.
This system of spectacle-wearing to
generally adopted while tho horse to
young, and its effect on his step aai
action is said to be remarkable. M
has bcen ascertained that the cause of a
horse's shying is, as a rule, short sights
and it is contended that the sight «f
all horses shonld be tested, as tlat of
It is maintained tbat by a little
artificial assistance many valuable
horses which havo become optically ma-
tit for work can be restored to ueeM-
Tho Oil of Power.—It is sot claimed
for Dr. Thomas' Eelectric Oil that tt
will core every ill, but ito uses aro at
various tbat it may bo lookod npos at
a general pain killer. It has aehierai
that greatness for itself and all attempts
to surpass it have failed. Ita excellence
is known to all who bavo tested ito virtues aud learnt by experience.
S. tot.Stmml,.*,        .  .  '
Stop It la SO
to any part ef your syotsm, bytoMag
Wafers "xgtf-
You Can Work Near a Window
aBSBga^ In winter when you have a Perfection Oil Heater. It Is a portable
radiator which can be moved to
any part of a room, or to any room
in a house.   When you have a
Absolutely tmokcless aai odorless
you do not hive to work close to tha
stove, which Is usually far from tbt
window. You can work where you
wish, and be warm. You can work on
dull winter days in the full light near
the window, without being chilled to
the bone.
The Perfection Oil Heater quickly
gives heat, and with one filling of tht
rom burns steadily for nine hours, without-smoke or smell. Aa
indicator always shows the amount of oil in the font. The filler-
cap, put ht like a cork In a bottle, is attached by t chals. This
heater has a cool handle and a damper top.
The Perfection Oil Heater has an automatic-locking
flame spreader, which prevents the wick from being turned
high enough to smoke, and is easy to remove and drop back, so
the wick can be quickly cleaned. The burner body or gallery
cannot become wedged and can be unscrewed in an instant tor
rewicking. The Perfection Oil Heater Is finished In japan or
nickel, is strong, durable, well-made, built for service, and yel
light and ornamental.
Datkn Bmrywltm.  If ml al yean, writ, fir murl/ttn iSuiMi
to iki was «m» af Mc
Vigorous Health
—ths power to enjoy te the fcfl Nto*
work and pleasure—comes only wMba
rood digestion.
tone up weak atomaohs—supply the digestive juices which arc lacking ensure
your food being properly converted Into brawn and sinew, rod blood aad aotoa
brain.   BOc. a boa: at yonr druggist's or from 33
Majjsarf Vnt mi Ctiadisl C*. al C—da. Untfhd,     .... THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C
The Fourth Largest eity in British Columbia
The e.P.R. have made the statement that they will land 1,000 people a day
in Nanaimo.
Do you know what Nanaimo is up against?
Do you realize that NANAIMO is at the Awakening Point!
Do you know that Real Estate in all parts of Nanaimo will double in 6 months!
Hundreds of homes will be built here in the next year
New hotels will he erected,    New business blocks and New Industries will follow.
Now is the Time to Buy Real Estate
Seven years ago you could have had your choice of property in Vancouver at $350 per lot—To-day these same
lots are selling at $1,000 per foot.      The same opportunity is now before you in the
Awakening of Nanaimo
Property is now away below market price and will double in the next six months.   If you believe in Nanaimo
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Lots are now Selling in Nanaimo's Most Beautiful Residential Property,
Come to our office and talk the matter over.      It costs you nothing to see this property, our Auto Car
will take you every day at 2 p.m. Railroad or Boat fares paid to purchasers of one or more lots.
SEAFIELD HEIGHTS is the CREAM PROPERTY of the Island.   Buy a lot that will make you independent
LOTS $225
Terms:- $25.00 down and
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NANAIMO REALTY Co., Bastion st, nanaimo
N. McFARLANE, Manager.
A. B. ABRAMS, Agent. Cry
Aa He Looked to His Wife
The Builder of the Big Dam
WELL, where uro yuu bound for
tbia morning*" said my little
sandwich man un 1 mado my
appeuruuee umler the arches of tho
bustling railway station.
"Providence permitting and the moun-
Uin train agreeable, 1 tun going up to
Bingham'fl ranch, aud expect to see
your big dam before tho day is out,"
t roplied.
Tho -street began at the mouth of the
canyon ami swaggered along, a curious
mixture of Fifth Avenue elegance and
Rimmig Camp recklessness, until it
reached the wide plain—in faet, it probably extended "clear out to Kansas,"
if uue looked for its real boundaries,
for a Western city acknowledges few
limitations. An endless stream of people passed Up and down tliis long street,
all sooner or later turning into this gor-
geuus stone station set iu its very centre. Everyone was either going or cooling.
Every lorm and sliude of civilization
mingled here; tue rich and the poor mot
together in a reality only hinted at
elsewhere, for the great West was looked to to be the maker of thein all. The
uarrow-Hturtcd aud expensively plain
tailor-made girl stood sido by sido with
tho buxom bride from the mountains,
all unashamed in her white shoos ami
wedding unery. The picturesque cowboy looked contemptuously at tho natty,
solf complacent college youth, bareheaded and with ample trousers rolled up to
display all of his ankle and most of his
calf. The splendid four-korBed stage,
plunging and eareeming as it drew up
with a Uourish, was but little outdone
by tho sixty-horsepower, 1011 model.
It was a pretty good sight, I thought,
as I raised my eyes to tho Plat Iron
Peaks abovo us aud drew in another
Jeep breath ol tho intoxicating air.
Tho sandwich man, who had boen my
guide, philosopher, and friend, was a
legitimate professional, and ho ottered
his wares with the same dignified con-
adenco as he did his comments on the
pussing show. That youth over there,
he told me, was an admiral's son. "And
he doesn't take much around hero on
account of being so 'stuck up' withuut
mueh brains to baek it." The next one
was tho Chinese Minister's son—"Hue
feller," one of tho favorites at the
'varsity and a "corker on the track
team." "That man coming round the
eorner uow is .Iim Carlton, chief engineer of the big dam up the canyon. He
lb about the biggest man it) this country,
since he put, in that bit of masonry
They say it. is tho greatest of its kind
In the world. Big bugs came from a 1
over and said it couldn't be done; but,
you bet, .Iim Carlton knew Where he
wus at, aud he did it. When Jim Carl-
ton says a thing goes, it goes somo. .He
never made but one mistake, and that
was when he got "
My friend wus bustled away; evidently someone was hungry. I didn't mind,
for I was busv watching the loading ot
the narrow-gunge train and wondering
how tho people iu the mountains could
possibly eat so many bananas.
Without hardly knowlug how, I was
hustled into the toy train along witn too
rest, and the little toy engine wus puffing and snorting as it pulled us up into
the canyon. The train waB crowded
with tne genial, jolly crowd bound for
tho "hills": Eastern capitalists, promoters" from Denver, miners dressed
like clergymen and clergymen dressed
Uke miner's talking of "prospects" and
"properties with tnat enthusiasm that
mikes ono feel that luo is worth living.
Thero were women, too, returning to
their mountain homes loaded with bar-
fiiiiiH from Denver. Ridiculously over-
resaed with hats covered with white
plumes, far more suitable for an afternoon tea than that smoky little train;
but they gave their wearers satisfaction and that is the utmost that any
hat can do. The "kids" were grumbling that thev could beat tho train, noticeably not making any effort to do so.
Thero wore tourist Indies, oh ing and
ak-ing, very tearful lest some rock or
view should escape them.
Crowded into tho diminutive seat bolide me was a pudgy female, who, previous to her burial iu theso remoto re-
f.[onB—f0T her husband's sake—had
moved, a brilliant ornament, in tho most
exclusive circles of Oppeka, Kansas. She
explained this—and much more—during
thn windings of our six-mile canyon
1 caught occasional glimpses of the
walls nf granite roek on one side, and
thc foaming rushing mountain creek on
the other; the fragrant odor of the not
of blossoms filled me with longings to
see the wonderful display of wild cherry, hawthorn, and blackberry that overran everywhere; but after a few vain
efforts, I saw it was no use. and resigned myself with patience to her autobiographical outpourings.
"So you're going to Bingham's?"
my neighbor said. "It is a most fas-
limiting spot, but it is fearfully lonely
for a woman—no soeioty, no opportunities, aud really nn companions for me.
It seems terrible to bury one's self sol
The scenery! Oh, yes; the scenery is
grand, but one cannot talk to scenery."
Enr a moment 1 almost wished 1^ was
"seenerv," but she seemed so genuinely
distressed that T tried to look sympathetic, and she continued:
"I know I should not complain, foT
it is my duty to go there if my husband
wishes'it, poor man! You see, he Ib
aot fitted for any other lifp. His work
is up there, T suppose; renlly, he conld
oot get work anywhere else, nnd he
likes it. Tt is different with me; I have
been  brought  up  differently."
T eould see that, and wondered what
ishance had led her to marry so far beneath her. T thought how bravo she was
in spite of her rather unheroic figure,
md how clever she must bo to koop herself looking like anything at nil. Prob-
ibly tno brute, of a husband doesn't
enr'n enough to supply her with the ordinary necessities. No wonder, when
the got a chance to "n'o below," she
let ber fancy ronm nml bought thnt outrageous hat". I wonld, too. if I had to
livo in one of those awful cabins and
never seo n bathroom. T wonder which
mine ho works in.   She was saying:
"T dn not mind the hardships, but T
«tn so lonolv. My husband is just ns
tfnod ns he enn be, but he is nn companion  for me; he hns no realization of
the higher things of life, nover minds
wilh whom lie associates, lu fact, he
is perfectly happy hero. A woman minds
things so much. But, theu, u woman
shuuld not marry u mun so much older
thuu herself. Don't vou agroo with
tllel It makes such a difference in their
aims. Their ambitious cannot be the
same, naturally, can they? 1 do uut
know why 1 am saying all this to you;
l suppusu becauso you looked sytiipa
1 suppose I did. Her appealing look
would/have aroused sympatny in a graven image.
"My husufiid is on, this train somewhere now,'' Bhe added; "but I sup
pose he is so interested talking to somt
men that he uoes not eveu remember
I am along.
"DruuK, J suppose," I mentally coin
The canyon widened. The train, find
ing a little level stretch, ceased chug
giug aud pounding for a bit while flu
"promoters," sightseers uud "ladies"
scrambled down, on the wrong side of
the car of course, spreading out ou the
hot gruvel,
Notwithstanding, or perhaps -becnuse,
X have been looking at those mighty
rocks since 'way back in the 'seventies,
my heart fa always stirred at the sight
of them. I um lifted out of myself
The leaping of my pulses at a sudden
revelation of their awesome grandeur
amounts almost to a physical pain. I
hud completely lost all remembrance
of my lonely little neighbor until I wus
recalled by her voice, a little querulously:
"Here is my husband, ut last!"
I looked around and saw approaching
us a tall, dignified man of ubout fifty
with clear-cut features and commanding
figure, dressed iu perfectly fitting groy
clothes nud wearing a light folt hat,
woru as only a mau whose heart and
homo is west of tho Missouri River
knows how to wear it. I recognized
him at once: it was Carlton, chief engineer of«the big dam and tlic hero of
the canyon.
The waiting stage filled rapidly, the
whips cracked, and with a jump and a
gallop the mules whirled away to the
big dam. Those of us bound for Bingham's started on foot. As I turned, my
eyes took in tne handsome, erect figure
of thc man on tho box seat with his
foolisn little wife beside him, I hardly
knew which to pity more: the unappreciated man or the woman who was unable to appreciate htm. 1 realized, however, when it was that people thought
•lames Carlton had made his one big
4 PTER some eighteen years of prac-
t\. tieally continuous work of construction, the Cathedral of Ht.
John the Divine is so far advanced to
ward completion that it will shortly be
used as a church. That is to say, there
is a choir, structurally complete and fitted with stalls, organ, altar, and rere
dos, and crossing which, being enclosed and under roof, will afford seating
space for a large congregation. There
ure also two chapels.
All of the above, considerable though
it doubtless be, is but a comparatively
small part of the entire projected build
ing. There remain to bc done yet the
huve with its western porch and towers;
both of the transepts; thc four flanking
towers which will occur in thc angles
formed by tho transepts and the nave
and choir, under whieh will bo entrances
with porches; other chapels and depend
encios; and last, but not loast, the great
central tower. The present enclosing
walls of tho crossing are only a temporary device, as also is the low dome
which roofs it. Whenever the great
tower is built, this dome will be removed, nnd, opening thus, mnde into a
vast lantern with its vault fur higher
up than the present dome.
Let us look at the condition of the
choir, that part of tho building most
nearly completed. The pictures show
whnt has been done, but it mny not be
imnirdintely apparent how much is unfinished. It is to be hoped that when
tho building is opened those who come
within it will bo sufficiently impressed
by what is there to want more. But it
must be realized that the eye of faith,
which is uot a universal human attribute, will bo under requisition.
Only a small part of the carving is
done: rough, ugly blocks of stone appear
over the arches above the great apsidal
columns, and also between thc arches
that support the organ galleries. The
mouldings of theso arches are left in
the rough, as aro many of the capitals.
Tho carving of all these parts is just
as much a calculated part of the harmony of the design as any other of its
elements. These elements include important fields of color treatment in mosaic, the panel in the recedes just over
the altar, the little round arches over
thc great columns, their spandrels; the
whole of tho semi dome of the apse, the
spandrels above the organ gallery arches, ttie large arches above these, aud
the ribs tu tne choir vault. The whole
scheme is so planned that a gradation
of color treutmeut will lead to the
mosaic picture of the semi-dome which
Bhould be the culminating point of splendor in tho decoration of the choir.
It is only by the use of mosaic that
wo can bo sure of attaining the solidity of texture, tho sober depth and richness of gold ami color that befit such
lnrge surfaces, and that will hold their
own with the translucent hues of stained glass. And it must be done as the
old work was done, by the intimate collaboration of the artist nnd the craftsman, not in the stupid mechanical fashion of pretty much all modern mosaic,
which is merely the output of n trade.
We must have mosaic as sumptuous and
mysterious as thoso of Ravenna or Mon-
reale, and if wc go about it in thc
right wny and take the necessary pains,
they may be had. Now, tastes may
vary as to color decoration, but this
choir is so designed that it needs it ns
much ns a column needs a capital and
base, and unless it gets it, and gets the
best thero is to be had, it will be a
lame thing and a byword to those who
The snme is truo of the windows.
There is purposely too much light now,
au lhat it may be reduced by stained
glass, ami wheu this is done the very
Hii est that modem times can produce
will be none too good. It is sate to say
that the central eastern window is as
important a window as any In existence,
and that importance is not lessened by
the subject assigned to it—"The Light
of the uorl.t.' It is a case that imperatively demands a great work of art,
aud it is safe lo say that we may just
as well abandon all hope of having that,
unless we cun give ovor the idea thai
such things arc lo be procured by competitive bidding among a lot of commercial glass manufacturers, as though the
object iu view were the purchase of linoleum, For hero we come iuto the region of au allied but separate art, in
which the drawing and specification and
the oversight uf the architect ure not
sufficient, as they may be with such
work, for instance, as the wood-curving.
In Bhort, the whole undertaking ol' the
cathedral is one Ol very grave artistic
responsibility, wliich does nut and can
not very well rest upou the architect
It will bc seen, then, that however
great the progress made, much still remains to he accomplished to give a full
realization of even that whirl) Stands
today about ready fur oceupuncy, How
long it will take to complete the entire
entheural is purely a matter of conjecture, lu discussing this question it is
commonly remarked that all the great
cathedrals took centuries to build, but
iu any Btriet sense this is not the case,
'i'he great cathedrals of France were
built within the period 118t)-BMtl-,sixty
years—one of the most marvellous exhibitions of building energy the world
has ever seen. True, they were not entirely finished, and never will be; the
work suffered all sorts of interruptions:
war, famine, pestilence, fire; and sometimes parts of it fell, as thc central
tower of Bourges. So it happened that
in successive periods of time different
parts of the cathedrals wore built, each
in thc national and local style of the
But, notwithstanding all these accidents and interruptions, it still remains
substantially true that in those sixty
years these splendid churches were built,
and, iu any event, the whole sum of the
years spent upon them in active work
is astonishingly small, especially in view
uf the mechanical resources of the Middle Ages, and the extraordinary richness and Complexity of the buildings.
And surely, when we see Paris, or
Amiens, Rheiins, Charlies, Lnon, Noy-
on, or Rouen, it is nut an impression of
unfinished work that we carry away
with us, With the record of tho past to
regard, it fa hard to believe that our
community, with all its wealth and
energy, its public spirit and generosity,
will fail to give, and tu give quickly,
for thc realisation uf that whicli, even
though they may not at first sight grasp
its practical utility, is worth while iis
the concrete aud lusting embodiment
monument here that would Imve few
It would rather seem that the great
question is going to bo what to under
take next: to the mind of the writer it
should be tho central tower. The cathedral is perfectly sure to get its nave
and transepts, its porches and vestibules,
and as many chapels iis can well be huddled around it. The pinch is going to
come ut the building of the great tower,
which Beats nobody and will cost a great
deal of money. If it is postponed until
the end, it will share the fate of many
other projected towers, ami nover be
built. But if it could bc built in our
day, there would be a monument here
that could have few rivals.
Its only competitors in dimension
must be the steei-frame erections by
which our industry expresses itself, and
oven they, huge as they are now and
linger yet to be, can oniy rival in bulk
this great symbol of the Ouristian faith,
which Btarts more thau 120 feet above
sea-level at the ground, upon such a site
as this. Rival it iu dignity, in ideal,
monumental quality, iu the massive und
enduring nature of its construction they
cannot, howeve'r stupendous they may
be. And so let us hope that, for the lusting glory of our city, this work may be
the next step undertaken, so that the
visitor to our shores may, beyond nny
peradventure, know that we are a people
capable of great things iu the realm of
the imagination as well as those that
are material.
lhe several newspapers thai printed
the ubove information were confiscated
and the editors thrown into jail.
Professor Korolanko, the statistician,
declares as the result of years of collecting evidences from official sources in all
parts of Russia, thnt 80 por cent, of tho
persons, men and women, condemned by
court-martials since the beginning of tho
revolution, died innocent.
The Russian court-martials hanged
three thousand men and women, and
of these six hundred were not guilty of
the political crimes charged against
them. In this awful number thc many
thousands sent to Siberia or other prisons and colonics are not included.
Neither are included the victims shot
by the various "punishment expeditions" sent ont by military authorities
during the revolution.
Ami the court -martinis are still in
power. Daily thev demand more victims. To understand this it must be
remembered that the Russian Inw does
not recognize the death penalty. Such
can only be imposed on extraordinary
occasions, during a revolt and by the
military revolts.
Korolanko shows that the military tribunals of Russia do not deserve tho
n,ame court, that there is no attempt to
discriminate between guilty nud guiltless, and that a person sent before a
court-martial, by that very act, becomes
a candidate for deatn. There is no appeal except to the general in command,
unless, indeed, influential friends bring
the caso to the attention of the Czar.
In tue case of Sub-Lieutennnt Piro-
goff the Czar threo times cashiered the
sentence ot death imposed by so many
court-martials. When the man was condemned the fourth time, his Majesty
nsked for nil the evidence taken by the
different courts, nnd without looking at
it had it destroyed. He then made an
order to strike the case off tho calendar, and oniy by this illegal net was the
tcllnw's life snved,
Korolatiko shows thnt as n rule sentences of death are carried out so soon
nfter judgment is given thnt the friends
of the condemned hnve no time to np
peal to the commanding general, even
by telegraph. Quite recently the St.
Petersburg governor-general ordered the
suspension nf n death sentence ngninst
rour, but was .told that two of them
had already been hanged.
^1 IBERIA furnishes a largo quautity
O of ivory io the markets of tho
world, hut the production of it belongs to nnother nge ami to u species
of animal lhal does not uow exist. The
ivory is cut from the tusks of mastodons whoso skeletons are found frozen
in masses of ice or buried in the mud
of Siberian rivers and swamps. The
northern portion of the country abounds
iu extensive nogs, which are cnlled ur-
inaiis, In these are found the tusks
of the mastodon, from which it is iu-
ferred that these animals lost their lives
by venturing upun a surface that wuuld
nut bear their weight,
Even to wild animals these urniaus
are forbidden ground. 'I'he nimble reindeer can sometimes cross them safely
in the summertime, bul most othei- largo
animals attempting tu tlo bo would be
In the Museum at Tobolsk are numerous specimens of mammoth, and through
this region they are by no means rare,
.< Uon au ice-pack breaks down a rive
bank, or the summer thaw penetrates
more deeply than usual into the ground
somo uf these antediluvian monsters arc
very likely to be exposed.
In many cases their remains are so
fresh and well preserved, with their
dark, shaggy hair and uuder-woul of
reddish brown, thei* tufted oars umi
long, curved tusKs, that nil the aborigines, and even some of the Russian
settlers, persist iu the belief that they
are specimens of animals which still
live, burrowing underground like moles,
aud die the instant tliey are admitted
to the light,
The farther tho traveller goes northward, it is said, the more abundant do
these remains become. They are washed
up with thc tides upon the Arctic shore,
i nd Bome extensive islands off the coast
contain groat quantities of fossil ivory
and bones.
Tusks which have been long or repeatedly exposed to the air are brittle and
unserviceable, but those which have remained buried in tho ice retain the
qualities of recent ivory and arc a valuable article of merchandise. There is
a great market of these mammoth tusks
at Yakutsk, ou the Lena, whence they
fntl their way to the workshops of European Russia and to the ivory-carvers of
/PIIERE is more iccboating in Toronto
1 than any other place in Canada.
Toronto is peculiarly situated for
iccboating. They usually get ice from
the middle of December until the middle
of March, with a minimum of snow.
When we do get a big snowstorm here
it is usually succeeded by a tliuw, which
cuts down the drifts on the buy until the
boats can plow through.
Barring motor ear racing, ieebopting
is the most exciting sport on the continent. Imagine if you can, Mr. Novice,
a three-cornered oruft propelled by wind
on canvas, making over n mile a minute
leaping aud darting hither und thither
at the command of the helmsman. Grunted a careful, nervy skipper and stolid
chap ou the mainshect who will obey
orders, tlic game is as safe for the passenger as riding on a street car, despite
thc tremendous Speed. Eliminating u
couple of minor accidents, whieh have
occurred when the fleet was racing, and
everybody was driving to the limit, a
passenger has not been injured on the
bay in many years. V-iq people iu danger on the buy during the iccboating
seusou are not the iceboat passengers or
crew, but the careless skater or pedestrian who runs aimlessly ut the approach
of the express nn ice. Even nt thut but
fow people are injured. The skippers of
three-fourths of Toronto iceboats are
veteran professionals, who, if the man
in danger will Btand still an instant, or
run iu one direction only, will scrape by.
They have nlinost uncanny command of
the craft, as they hustle to and fro on
the ice at a mile a minute speed, nnd
get by safely when the chances of avoiding an accident look to be a hundred to
one. Iceboats rarely travel less than
twenty miles an hour. A breeze that
will move them at all will give them
this speed, while any sort of a breeze,
from eight to eighteen miles au hour
in strength, will drive them from 25
tu (10 miles an hour.
The speed they got out of a moderate
broezo is positively uncanny, and the
way they "make the wind" startles old
salts. Time and time again I have seen
iceboats sailing dowu the wind close-
hnuled—yos, going southeast in a northwest wind, with the canvas hauled flat.
St range ?
You bet it is, but they do it. Once
an iceboat gets going she creutes eddies
in the breeze and carries it around to
such an extent that frequently the boats
are seen sailing almost dead before the
wind with their sheets close-hauled ami
the breeze coming over the fnrostny like
a cyclone.
Toronto's iceboat fleet numbers close
to sixty.
The game is a very popular one.with
theatrical people who visit Toronto and
others, but it is not patronized us it de-
son es by Toronto people.
Half the people in town have never
seen an iceboat, let nlone rode on one,
even though llie best iceboat sport in
the world is right at their doors, and
the "pros. ' ure in the gam<. from in
o'clock until ti. A rumor that the city
intended to keep the bay open with an
ice breaker killed out the plans of several people to build new iceboats, but
at that there will be two new ones on
the bay.
Iceboat racing is a sort of spasmodic
game. Outside of a few small boats
which race in n class down nt tho enst
end of the bay. there is but little amateur racing.
Up on tlic big course amateurs and
pros, sail Indiscriminately. The Queen
Citv Yacht Club has half a dozen bonts.
including two flyers. These nil joiuin
the sweepstakes nnd handicaps which
nre arranged weekly.
Saturdays ami Sundays are the big
days for iccboating around Toronto.
Then fhere are thousands of people on
the waterfront, and tho bontmen nre
busv all dny .carrying passengers at so
much per heal. ' The opening of tlm new
western gap, which was viewed with apprehension h\ mtiiiv icebo'itmen. 1ms not
'•nterferi'd win thc safety nf the bay
ice nt nil, anil thty season with its enr
lv opening looks like an unusually good
one. ,
rPll I- gilt of a gramme of radium made
X by Sir Ernest Cassel to the new
Radium Institute, which he found
ed at the suggestion of the late King,
will Inaugurate a scries of experiments
of great significance. Tu this institute
now practically ready for work, and tu
thc researches in progress at the Cancer
Research Department of the Middlesex
Hospital and at kindred institutions,
the world is eagerly luuking for further
knowledge of lhis mysterious element.
Por in the elucidation of the powers of
radium lies the answer to the vital question:    What can radium cure?
Twelve years of eager experiment
have passed since Professor and Mine.
Curie announced thu discovery of radium. Almost at once reports uf the
curative powers of the new mlnoral
wero "published. lias radium, after
twelve years' tests, justified thut early
reputation 1
The disousod states in which radium
hns been tried range from the most malignant Internal cancers to baldness
Such widely diverse ailments as facial
paralysis, neuralgia, rheumatism, hydro
phobia, indigestion and skin disease*
have been reported us cured by tlu
wonderful new mineral. A few years
ago reports of a curo of hydrophobia
iu rabbits presented to the Scientific
Academy of Bologna by a well-known
Italian professor evoked such enthusi
asm that it was freely conjectured that
the Pasteur treatment of hydrophobia
would soon be pushed into tho back
ground by the new radium treatment.
Seven years ago two distinguished
professors at Konigsberg University
published some stnrtliug results of the
deadly effect the radium rays exert on
disease bacteria of all kinds. Having
first sprinkled live typhoid bacilli on
a gelatine plate, they exposed thc plate
in n dark room to weak radium emanations for forty-eight hours. At the end
of this time it was found thnt the bacilli were either killed or their growth was
completely stopped. Similar good ro-
sults wore obtained with the germs of
cholera and anthrax. These experiments,
emphasizing the'prouounced gcrmicicdul
efi'ect of radium, were looked upon as
opening up a new field of treatment for
infectious diseases of the skin.
In 19011 a distinguished St. Petersburg
savnnt announced in various medical
journals liis discovery tlmt certain of
the blind were ablo to distinguish objects illuminated by radium rays.
Tho professor expressed the strong
hope that oy further experimentation
with the wonderful element he would
be able to restore the sight to sufferers
from certain varieties of blindness.
These published reports were taken
most seriously in German scientifh
circles; so much so that Professor Groeff
—thc principal of the Eye Hospital at
the Berlin University—was instructed
by the Prussian Minister of Education
to go thoroughly into thc Russian doc
tor's experiments.
Thc published reports (many of them
in reputatole medical journals) of a]
parent ly authentic euros of deep-seated
cancers, both the carcinomata aud sur
comata, by the use of radium, were dur
ing tne early years of radium experi
mentation too numerous to record.
Of all these therapeutic uses claimed
for radium, how many have 'stood the
test of time?
Sir Frederick Treves, in n lecture at
the London Hospital last year, summed
up the situation in a way which should
give food for thought to the general
public, who are too apt to bc led away
in pursuit of vain hopes.
"It has appeared to me," he told
the great concourse of medical men present, 'that there is possibly a great future for radium in the domain of surgical therapeutics. 1 say 'possibly,' because one must exercise the ver* greatest caution when speaking of the potentialities of new remedies. One is tempted to look too favorably upou them.
They are things of great expectations.
and sooner or later must be associated
with disappointment."
To return to the innumerable curative uses of radium wliich were to revolutionize both medicine and surgery.
few nT'e come up to their earlier expectations. Rheumatism nnd neuralgia
are still most intractable ailments, facial paralvsis still defies the physician's
efforts, the Pasteur Institute has not
outgrown its usefulness, while ordinary
germicides are still in common use, notwithstanding the deadly effects which
nullum emanations are known to have
on bacteria. The hope which wub held
out to the blind by the Russian experimenter was withdrawn with cruel suddenness wuen the German eye Bpecinlist
who investigated the "cures" reported
that blind persons cannot at present expect, the very slightest help from radium.
The thousands of sufferers from true
cancer both in Kurope and America who
have let the timo when an operation
might havo been successful drift by,
while undergoing "radium cures," compose one of tue saddest chapters iu the
history of this wonderful element.
Radium, as at present used, cannot
cure cancer.
It is a relief to turn from such fail
arcs to the study of those morbid con
dit ions in which radium has a fully
proven practical curative value. Broadly, its greatest successes have been in
the treatment of benign Superficial skin
lesions. Disfiguring birthmarks, composed chiefly of thin-walled blood vessels, old scars which have taken on au
hnnrmal growth, certain forms of lupus fa very chronic and persistent form
of tubercle of tho skin), and certain
types of eczema have boen healed' bj
radium in a shorter time and with Ies*
inconvenience and disfigurement thai
would have been possible by nny othei
known menus.
Tn rodent ulcer also surprisingly gnoe
results have bcen obtained, enses whiol
hnve defied all other treatment fo»
months or yenrs sometimes healing ra
pidly under rndium exposures.
As to the superficial skin cancers, tin
epitheliomatn, authorities differ, snrm
recording successes from radium treat
ment  and   others  only  a   disheartening
ries of failures. In respect tn the tnu
cancers, deep-seated. rapidly fntn1
rrowths. the claims of even its mn«t nr
lent supporters are of the most modest
■harncter. Tn fact, it would be difii
cult to find a reputable surgeon in Don
r patient
whilo in an operatic state tu postpone
excision by the knife in the hope that
radium emanations would bring him per
muneiit relief. It has bcen claimed un
good authority, however, tlmt cancerous
growths uol too deeply situated, though
tuo far advaucod to admit of operation,
havp been reduced by radium treatments
to an operatic state, where the knife
could be used with some hope uf buc
cess. In other instances a diminutloi
ot paiu an., reduction uf mauy of the
most malignant diseases have resulted
from radium applications.
Kven after twelve yeurs uo one oat
speak with authority of tho final llml
tat ions of radium as a curative agent.
We know that it is not a cure-all:
that it will ever turn out to bo the long
sought cure for cancer the men who
huvo conscientiously studied its proper
ties must strongly doubt.
Tho undeniable cures which imve been
wrought with radium in superficial skis
lesions will at any rate prevent it from
beiug scrapped on tin1 dust-heap of the
totally worthless "euros" which from
time to time have held the momentary
attention of the medical profession, only
to bc discarded in the end.
Radium fa still au unsolved problow
THE Chinese assure us that no man
should ever rescue a drowniug ma*
lest the Genie uf the Waters, angry
at seeing himself ravished uf his prey,
turn against the ravisher. This Biipor
stition, wh«,« serves to adorn cowardiet
with the flower of poetry and sentiment,
did not restrain Daronde, one evening,
when he saw a poor devil climb up on
tho parapet of a bridge and throw him
self into the Seine. Without hesitating
u moment, he plunged in after th*
would-be suicide and brought him safe
ly to shoro. Then leaving to others the
task of resuscitating the half-drowned
man, he stole away to escape tho curi
osity of idle spectators. He had beea
recognized, however, uud his nume appeared iu the daily papcrB iu connection
with the event. He was just rending
une when his servaut announced a vi*
tor, adding:
"It is the man monsieur saved frow
drowning yesterday."
"Show him in," said Darondo rosigs
edly. *
His intended cordiality was chilled at
sight of the visitor, a half-starved, m
kempt outcast.
"Monsieur," began tbe man, "t sup
pose I ought to owe you everlasting
gratitude, but dou't think I have come
to thank you, I havo conic simply to
ask you what you intend to do for met"
"Do for youi" echoed Daronde, it
"Yes, monsieur; I owe my life te
you, since .you took it upon yourself
to drag me back into the existence I
wished to end for ever."
"Your point of view is certainly or
iginal," remarked Darondo.   "Go on."
"I am a poor unfortunate," contis
ued the man, " a prey to every calamity. After desperate struggles agaiust
sickness and want, t saw but oue way
out of it all—death. It took a loug
time to reach the point when I could
make the final plunge, It was dune at
lust! The bonds of my miserable lif*
were broken when I lost consciousness.
Then I was rcscuedl The breath of life
came back to me, and with it tho hor
ror and dread of beginning the struggU
again. Why did you happen that way.
monsieur? You would not have gives
mo n sou to save me trom starvation
and yet you risked your life for me.
You placed again on my shoulders the
burden I wished to cast off for ever.
I havo Baid all this to justify my first
question. I now ask it again. What
ii'c yuu going to do to help me support
tho existence you have forced upon
Somewhat discoucerted, Daronde re
"My friend, if some money "
"Alms? No, monsieur," Baid the
man in refusal. "Keep the money,
which would not carry mo far."
"A position?" proposed Daronde,
Tho man shook his head.
"Any position I could fill would bore
ly keep me from starving."
Daronde was losing patience.
"As matters stand, I can think of
but one thing to advise you to do. Go
back to the place where [ found yon."
Without emotion, thc man replied:
"I expected that advice, and I be
lieve that anyone in your place would
have offered Hie same. You are willing
for me to die. But the truth is, I uo
longer have tho courage to kill myself.
I want to live; and to live, a man must
eat, without counting the rest. I could
beg, but (hat is a humiliating and un
reliable way of support. The only way
foi me to get :i living with certainty
is to steal. I thought of that lung ngo.
for 1 kuow a lot of furnished houses
in the suburbs that are closed for a
part of the year. 'Ihey could be enter.
I easily, bnt I hud the weakness to
prefer death to becoming a burglar. I
quite curod now, thanks to you, mon
This long tirade made Daronde furi
s. and ho exclaimed hotly:
"To the devil with yon! "
A week or so had passed, and Da
rondo had almont forgotten the incident,
whea one morning a telegram was hand
i| hiin. It summoned him to Surenno
at onco, nt which place his only son
owned a magnificent homo. The villa
had boon emptied of its furnishings by
thieves from top to bottom, during the
master's absence. The worst part of it.
however, was that the younger Daronde
lind returned unexpectedly while the
robbers were nt work, and one of thom
shot him dead.
Was it the man?" asked one of the
listeners breathlessly.
Tt woe the man!"
he ofHeacv uf Bickle's Anti-Consumptive Syrup in curing coughs and
h's nnd arresting inflammation of the,
lungs, can bo established by hundreds
if testimonials from nil sorts and con-
lltlnns r.f men. Tt fa n standard remedy
in th^so ailments nnd all affections of
tho throat nnd lungs. Tt in highly recommended bv medicine vendors, because
they know and appreciate its value ns
i curative.   Try it. THK ISt.AN'Min, CUMP.KlH.ANti, B.P
"*"~     ISLANDER
Pnbli.1i, Saturday   at  Cumberland,   B.C,,
[sliindi-r Printing & Publishing Company
Duns & Company, Proprietors.
W. U. Dunn, Manager.
Advertising rates publishtid elsoWlibre in the pnper.
Subscription prico $1.50 per year, payable in mlvaiice,
Tin- editrtr doea not hold  himself responsible for  views expressed by
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL,- $10,000.o6o~"'     REST, -   $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
ou application.
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank o!
Commerce to be operated by mad, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn iu this way as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to the Bank. »231
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in iti yi- mufacture
ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
^ssBesi on the Coast ss
Pilsener3 Brewing Co.,    Cumberland. B.C.
What the Editor has to say.
Cusiberland is at last getting a few of tliu privileges
wliich we have beet) waiting for this last ten years. Citiaeu's
League, Development League, Board of Trade, Mayor and
Council have all been advocating these conveniences in season
and out of season until their patience wus almost exhausted.
Every public man that could give any aid was either interviewed or written to concerning the wants of Cumberland.
At last through the energetic efforts of our representative at
Ottawa, Mr. Herbert S, Clements M. P., who has done all
that lay within his power, we have secured a Dominion Express olliee situated at the Canadian Colleries' railway station.
The citiz ns of Cumberland remember conditions in the past,
when express parcels were either tied up at Nanaimo or forwarded to Cumberland by freight, and tiie jieople knew too
well the additional cost. That is now a thing of the past
All express parcels will come direct to Cumberland in the fut
The Latest and mosl Up-to-date Sewing
Machine on the. market to-day. Sold on
Easy Terms which places it within the
reach of all.
JepSOll  BPOS., District Agents
Nanaimo, li. (,'.
Tl'. Jt. J) a mi, lioeat Jlepr-escatatioo
Another privilege is the Custom House. Merchants and
the public in general had untold trouble in the past in getting
dutiable goods. It was either held up at Union Bay or Nanaimo until one went or sent clearance papers, causing delay,
trouble and additional expense. During the last month we
have had the convenience of a custom house, and we are informed by Mr. F. J. Dalby, our genial customs collector, that
the receipts for the month of April were about 81.300. Another convenience is the night telegraph service at a greatly
reduced cost
Orchard Lots
30   Lots  Sold   within   the    Lust   Two   Weeks
Price $200 per lot. Easy Terms
The Island Realty Co.
Pire. Life, Live Stock
Accident .
Phone 22.
Courtenay, B. C.
Are the Best, and Fully Guaranteed.
A full line of Furniture, Housefurnishings,
Linoleums, Wa lpapers alway son  hand.
The Furniture Store"
A.   McKINJMON      Cumberland, B.O
McPhee Block
&. M. Bea&neCC
The Isi.andkr is looking anxiously forward to the time
when it will be able to announce that actual construction has
commenced at Boy's Beach for the Dominion Government
wharf. Of lute we don't hear much about it, and we failed to
see Boy's Beach mentioned in the estimates.
Another thing we are all the time improving on is our
mail service, but we will never be satisfied until we have succeeded in obtaining a daily mail. We are a great deal better
oil'than we were years ago, but it s Hot up to what it should
be. ;oid we must keep on firing at the powers that be until We
get ii daily service. Then then.' is railway transportation
which we may expect in the near future, when instead of six
ut seven hours being required to get to Nanaimo, as is the
case today, we will lie able to go in two. The future carries
something still for Cumberland.
—«•:>••. -Tl.-4-*y.r+ —
"In the spring a livelier iris changes on the burnished
dove," but some of Cumberland's back alleys and unoccupied
corners are absolutely proof against any gentle influence of
the season. The collections of old till calls, odd boots, stray
lubbers and castolf clothing remain perennial in their hideous-
upss, unchanged but for a very appreciable growth with the
accretions of time, Our city fathers should be furnished with
spectacles nt the public expense if they cannot see these blotches that are crying to the heavens for shame on our slovenliness
A. brand new garden raka«in the hands of our bravely uniformed guardians of the peace would be a badge of honor and
dignity of which, under the circumstances, the city might
well be proud. Mil y day has passed, and the nettles are peep-1
ing out of (be rubbish heaps again in happy confidence of another season's undisturbed prosperity. In the name ol decency
() ye city fathers, how long '.
IHeaf: §$fafe
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RieH»KUS & JACK. Proprietors.
When you want a good choice meal cooked to
the King's tatte give us a call     ....
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
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"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer in eruifji, Cariily, Cigars
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y__, Billiard Bqimii in connection
Horseshoeing  a   Specialty
Third Ave,, Cipi)berhp|t}
iin uui
Grocers & Bakers
SetlS!-" in a" kinds if Oood
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Agents for Pilsener Beer
Dining Room and Bedroom Suites, Sideboards and
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B. F. KRAUSE, Prop.
Sole agent for thu Sherlock-Manning Pianos and Organs
:   :   :   CE1VED   :    ■
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
The Last of the Bourbons
(By J. Morton Lewis)
fpHE wind whistled down tho slopes
A    of Mont l'ipet, beariug with it u
lino, drizzling ruin.
Sim oli Vauvert stood at thu door ol'
his inn and shook Ihk head solemnly at
Mm weather; then, as tho rain boat upon
his face, ho retired Inside and wurmed
kis IiiiimIh beforo the fire burning in tho
comptuir. For a few seconds ho studio*!
the fancy forms cast by the blaze, then
rose and shivered. " 'Tis miserable
WOttthar for June!" ho snid, glancing
arouud tho room us if speaking to the
Bhndows. "Miserable!" Drawing n
ohair before the tiro, ho toolt n copy
©■f n Paris paper three days old from a
shelf, and commenced rending it.
.Iuue tSiiU wns a memorable mouth
(♦i Franco, momornblo in ninny wuys.
It was llie wellest suintaer month with-
in the recollection oi the oldest iulmhi-
tnnnts, nud it was a mouth wherein
uiueli French history was made. Louis
Philippe had been deposed aad bud lied
to Knglnml, uud in lus [dare had been
reared Anothor nf the Bouapartosj a man
who neither possessed the brilliant qualities whieh marked his undo nor was
•ven a direct descendant ol' lhe "Llttlo
ttOTporul" whom all Kurope bad feared.
Chosen President, he had nuido himself Kmporor, nud nlready faint murmurs of discontent were heard through'
•ut the land; and, coupled with them,
tho wnispor that somewhere iu France,
known only to a fow, lived llie grand,
son of thu Louis thoy had lulled.
A wave of ttoynllsm swept tbe laud,
aud many were slowly preparing themselves for the day wheu he should proclaim his identity. No less diligently
were the followers of Napoleon the
Third seeking him, so that they might
mice and for all safelv place thoir master upun the imperial chair. A civil
war—as yet confined to intrigue, but
threatening every moment to break out
into open lighting—existed; and somewhere, some said ia Paris itself, there
lay hidden the man who held the key*
■ote to tbe position ia bis hand.
Simon Vttuvei't read the news wilh interest. Like many another, ho was tired of the weak, vacillating man who was
a Bonaparte only iu name, aand like
many a uot ber he hoped that the day
night come when a monarch would
again sit upon the throne uf France.
For when the lest word is spoken, all
men, at the bottom of their hearts, aro
His eyes sparkled as he read through
tho long paragraphs, which somehow
had escaped the strict censorship, to
spread the news tnat another Bourbon
had come to establish his claim to tbe
throne upon which his fathers liad sat.
Bo intent wns he upou his reading
that the sound of footsteps on the cobbled yard outside the inn escaped his
usually keen ears, nnd it wns ouly a gust
of wind blowing upon bim through the
•pen door thnt told him two customers
had entered.
Me looked up from the paper aand surveyed them. There were two men dressed ia long military riding-cloaks.
'* Hon soir, messieurs," he saitl politely, rising slowly.
Their swords clanked ia the scabbards
ws tbey warned across to the tire.
Ignoring his greeting, the elder of the
two asked for meat and wine; while the
younger, taking otV his cloak, shook it
until the water, rolling of, hissed as it
fell upon the burning logs.
"You will huvo it here?" asked
" Wo will hnve it here, in front of the
ire," said the elder.
Simon brought forward a small table
aud laid upon it a white damask cloth.
" You do nut get many visitors
here!" asked the man.
Simon shook his head, "My trado is
mostly with tne vigneroas; occasionally
a stranger comes, but not often."
The soldier nodded and glanced keenly at him. "Have you had many lately!"
Simon made an expressive gesture.
"Uut no, the weatherl"
"For a few moments the men ate in
silence. So far tho younger of tbe two
had not spoken. "There havo been no
strangers here lately, thon!" he said
suddenly, continuing aloud the train
of his thoughts.
'' You get a good many hero when the
weather is fine, 1 suppose!" Haid his
"Yes, m'sieu," replied Simon; "they
eome to visit the ruins of our old theatre here, lt is supposed to bo Roman,
but I. would not answer for the truth of
The elder man smiled. "It is safer not
to answer for the truth cf anything
Bave one's own speech, and it is uot
always easy then."
Simon leaving tbem for a moment, be
turned to his companion, " We shall
learn nothing from him, For myself, I
tnink it is n fruitless errand wn 1 nve
been sent upon. Louis is within five
leagues of Paris, if he ts not in the
town itself. Though all the faults of
tlic Bourbons be existent in bis person,
ho would not tarry here, lie must strike
W tbia the next week, or the throne of
Frame is lost to him for ever."
'Ibe youuge; nan nodded "And yet
if M 'nolle Nouchment is not misinformed, ho has been seen hero within the last
seven ''.ays."
"1 do not cm-it those women-spies.
They ..re too much governed by emotions to bc of any great service to thoso
who employ them, '
At the re-ent^y of Simon the elder
soldier relapsed into a momentary silence, which he broke with a question
to the landlord. "You have lived hero
a good many years?" he suggOBted.
"But yes."
•    "And know most of the inhabitants
of Vienne?"
"As well as tbose in the hills know
those wno dwell in the valley,"
The soldier nodded, and meditatively
stroked his iron-gray beard. "I am seeking a friend here—a young man, tall and
It Is In Demand.—So great is the demand for Or. Thomas' Rclectric Oil thnt
a large.factory is kept continually busy
making and bottling it. To bo in demand shows popular appreciation of tbis
preparation, w
inch stands ut. tlm head
of proprietary compounds as the leading
OH in the market, and it is generally
admitted  that  it is deserving of  the
fair, with a nose that is somewhat like
the noses ot; the Bourbons. Perhaps
yon have seen a portrait of that magnificent monarch who paid for his misdeeds upon the scaffold?"
Simon nodded, wondering at the fluency of his visitor's conversation, aud
Wondering, moreover, to wbnt it tended.
"Von Imve? Then you cnuld uot mistake my friend if you saw bim."
"Perhaps if you told me his aame?"
suggested Pinion.
For a moment the soldier remained
silent.   Then "H'siou Fou," he suid.
Simon shook bis head. "I know uo
one uf that name," he answered.
The soldier's stem countenance relaxed, aad a hard smile showed itself
ut the corners of his mouth. "No?"
ho answered in a tone tlmt Implied
Simon was puzzled, As if to seek enlightenment, he looked around the room,
and his eyes fell upon tho casement,
which stood a little open, aand in the
second bis gaze rested upon it a shadow
passed across it—the shadow of a man's
The elder soldier roso and drew a
handful of silver and gold from his poe-
kot. "It is time we moved oa, Ktienno," he said, "or it will be midnight
beforo we reach the Abbe,"
" You will not stop tho night!" asked
"No; we hnve business uinoug those
wbo dwell in the valley," roplied tho
soldier, and again that hard Binilo showed itself.
And Simoa was not sorry, for though
bo luul asked the question from a habit
bora of long custom, ho had hoped it
would be refused,
A couple uf minutes and he was ; lorn-,
standing ia the middle uf tho comptoir,
listening to the footfalls uf tbo men as
they passed dowu thc hillside, ami wondering as to the identity of the M'sieu
Fou for whom tbey bad asked.
"Mn foi," ho said, "1 am glad they
did not slop the night! lie was an evil-
looking man the elder ouo."
Then ho picked up tho paper again
and continued reading it where ho bad
loft off at their entry, lie continued for
some twenty minutes; then again footsteps upon the cobbled path aroused
Tho door opened and a tall man entered. He loo was clad in a long riding-
cloak, ami his face was almost obscured
by the slouch hat ho wore.
" Yoa can give me some food and
wine?" ho asked.
" But yes," replied Simon.
"And a bed? Good! This is no night
to spend  in the open."
lie walked up to the fire aud spread
out his hands before the blaze. "It
might lm .uecember, and not June," be
remarked more to himself than to the
"Hut yes, m'sieu, 'tis nu evil night.
Had for every one."
Tho stranger laughed, and he turned
aud faced Simon. "You, uf all men,
should not say that, for it was the
weather which drove me in hero to
"Then 1 give thanks," said the old
innkeeper solemnly, "for trade is bad."
As he spoke the stranger removed his
hat and cloak, ami Simon stared at him
in amazement, Thero was no mistaking
him—tbe clear-cut, regal features, tbo
light-blue eye, and curly hair.
"You aro M'sieu Fou?" he said, not
without hesitation.
Por a second the light-blue eyes
gleamed; then their expression changed
to one of amusement, almost mockery.
"To some men," the stranger replied,
"Some friends of yours have been
asking for you, m 'sieu. They wont
down the hill to Vienno."
"Some friends? Ah yes. 1 suw tbem
—in the distance," The stranger relapsed into silence as the food ami wine
were placed upon the table. Then he
aat. dowu beforo it, and Simon noticed
that his hands were heavily .iewolled.
I'lllin.r a glass with wine, he paused
with it half-way to his lips. "Those
friends of mine may call for mo. If
they do 1 am not here, you understand!
One does not always want to seo ono's
"But yes, m'sieu," responded Simon.
The stranger smiled. "Yon do not always want to seo your friends, eh!"
"Always," replied Simon truthfully.
"I givo them a good welcome."
Again tho stranger smiled. "And I
sball welcome them." And whether by
accident or not, his hand came in contact with the rapier hanging by his side,
so that it clanked in its scabbard.
As souu as he had finished he tobo.
"You have a private room? I should
like to retire tbere, as I bave some business to attend to. And yon will kindly
have these things removed as quickly as
Simon looked at him. There wns a
note of command in his voice.
"Yes, m'siou." he said, and led the
way into a smaller room, separated from
the comptoir by a heavy tapestry curtain.
M'sieu sat down in a chair before
the fire and kicked the logs Into a blaze.
"Yon can tell me when my friends arrive, but they are not to know 1 mn
Simon bowed. Vague suspicions iih try
thc identity of his visitor began to fill
him; and, returning to the comptoir, he
stood in the middle of the room scratching his bald head in perplexity. Then
slowly trying to reason it all out the
while, he began to clear away tho empty
Heiore he had finished, a voice from
within called to him, "SimonI"
"Yes, m'sieu," he replied.
Drawing nside the curtain, he saw
M'sieu Vou standing in the middle of
tho room. He had divested himself of
his eoat, and round his waist was tied
a largo white linen apron such as Simon
himself wore.   .
"T bave taken tbe liberty of inspecting yonr wardrobe and borrowing a few
articles. On second thoughts I will
serve my friends myself just to practise
a little joke upon tuem." He laid his
hand oa Simon's shoulder. "A little
joke, you understand."
He surveyed himself in the mirror
above the liroplace. "My face will betray me unless I can alter it." He turned to Simon with a Inugh. "You huvo
no rougO?"
"I, m'sieu!'
'I'he obi Innkeeper spoko us one in a
dream, Astonishment was giving place
to grave misgivings, lie felt himself
to be taking pail ia u plot, the depth
uud purport of which ne was in iguur
a uee.
"No, there is too natural a color
upon your cheeks for you to need to
create one."
"M'sieu Fou looked around tho room,
and seized a rod cloth from oil' a small
table. Moistening a corner between
his lips, he dabbled it on his cheeks,
then stootl surveying the effect.
"Ves, ' he murmured, "a little black
beneath the eyes, and I do not think
they  will   recognize   me.''
lle bent down nnd picked up a piece
of burnt wood from the grate, and shaded his eyes with it.
"You have ao iitf-a how useful amateur theatricals are, Simon," he said
dining the operation.
Then he threw it away, and, turning
around, tacefl the old innkeeper.
"Mon Dioul" said Simon.
!t wns Vi sieu Fou, but M'sieu Fou
disfigured, The regal aspect of his face
was lost; he looked a country youth, one
of many score that might have bcen
found withiu a mile of Vienne.
"And now Simon," he said, "1 am
ready i'or my friends,''
He sat down again in thc chair, and
Simon noticed that beneath his apron
the sword was still buckled.
"Vou kuow they will come, siro?" ho
M'sieu Foil looked at him quickly. He
seemed about to speak, ..ositated a moment, then:
"Yos, Simon, I know thoy will
come," lie said.
Lighting a cigarette, he crossed his
legs aud gaily hummed a light timo, a
love-song of Provence, centuries old,
from tho days of tbe troubadors and
Kiug Bene, "I hopo tnoy will not keep
me loug," ho said onco, stifling a yawn.
"I am tired."
"I eau tell thom to wait your pleasure in the morning, m'sieu."
Al 'sieu Fou regarded the innkeoper
"Vou can toll them nothing of the
sort," ho quickly responded. "Yon
will not even see tbem till 1 bid you."
Ami he continued humming.
Suddenly he stopped. His sharp ears
had heard something unnoticed by his
companion, the sound of footsteps on the
Tho door loading into the comptoir
opened, and the footsteps sounded upon
the wooden floor,
M'sieu Fou rose and threw bis cigarette away.
"My friends havo come," he said in
a whisper, a whisper laden with suppressed excitement. Then ho drew aside
the curtain.
"M'sieu, m'sieu, what folly is this?"
said the uld innkeeper when it had
l alien back  intn its place behind him.
Whoa M'sieu Fou entered the comptoir the two men were standing before
the fireplace, their backs turned to him.
For a second he Burveyed them, antl a
smile lit up his features, a smile of triumph.
"MesBieurs," he snid; and they turned sharply round.
Again the elder man spoke; he was
on most occasions thc spokesman.
"Some wine," he said shortly. "And
where is the man who keeps this inn?"
"M'sieu Simon? He has gone to
"Ah, we mny have occasion to call
him up again,"
M'sieu Fou made a low bow, and in it
tbere wns a sarcasm which escaped the
men's notice.
"Perhaps I can bo of service to you.
I will go and get your wine."
He retreated into tho innor room.
i   "The comedy is just commencing,"
he said with a gay smile to Simon, who
stood   trembling  behind    the    curtain.
"Two glasses of wine for my friends."
He returned with them to the comptoir, and laid them down upon a small
table before him,
"You havo bcen here bcfoTe to-night,
messieurs.'   he said.
The two men lookod at him, Etienne
nonchalantly, the elder one keenly, his
eyes scrutinizing him beneath thoir
shaggy brows.
"You wero inquiring for a friend of,,
yours, n M'sieu Fou. Ho is here now,
but ho does not know that name."
The men leapt to their foet.
"Where is ho?" cried Etienne.
The other laid a hand on his shoulder.
"Gently, mon ami," he said. "If ho
does not answer to that nnmo, how do
you know he is the man wo seek?"
"From tne description you gave to
M'sieu Simon. There is only one man
in France to-day who could answer to
that description."
"Whore is ho?" usked Etienne again,
"Ho iB upstairs, asleep," replied
iu.'sleu Fou.
"Ah," Baid the elder soldier, "then
yonr rooms are all occupied, und we intended staying hero to-night." He
turned to Etienne. "Mon ami, wc shall
have to brave thc rain agaiu ami go to
"You have no need to do that," saitl
M'sieu Fou; "there aro rooms here to
spare. 1 can give you ono exactly opposite your friend, so thnt, if you wish
to, yon caa speak to him—during the
The elder man looked at him quickly
autl frowned.
"We should wish to disturb no man's
rest," he replied.
"No, m'sieu?" said M'sieu Fou, and
thoro was a tentativeness in his tones.
"I will nave tho room got ready for
He retired behind the curtain.
"Simon," he said, "my two friends
will stay the night; wo we must pro
pare a roompfor tbem,"
"I will, m'sieu."
"Pardon me, wo will."
Tbe innkeeper looked at M'sieu Fou,
then without further comment gave a
barely perceptible shrug id' the shoulders and led the way to the floor above.
The stairs opened on to a large landing. At the. fnr end was a heavily curtained window, through which the moon
shone. The dull, ceaseless patter of the
rain upon the glass sounded dreary i
the silence, aud M'sieu Fou shivered.
" You have not had many visitors
here lately, Simon!"
"'H'Uly stopa co Ull tis, cures colds,  lunl-
ub ,aroat aad tunas •      Hi. cent*
^^o, m'sieu; the weather bas been
so bail. '
M'sieu Fou nodded, then, stepping to
one side, opened oae oi the doors autl
peered inside. The candle wliich Simou
carried   cast   long  sbudows  acroBS  fhe
"This will do for my friends," said
M'sieu Fou. "I trust tho bod is well
aired and the sheets not damp."
"M'sieu " begun  the iaukeeper,
when  M'sieu   Fou slopped him.
"I was ouly jesting. They aro soldiers, aad often lie like dogs,''
Simon looked at him, his rubicund
face expressive of his uncertainty as to
the gist of tho remark.
M'sieu Fou gripped his urm.
"Yes," he said, as if for emphasis,
diers, and often lie like doga."
Then ne crossed the corridor and opened a door which faced the one leading
into the room they had just left.
"Aud I'm supposed to be sleeping
hore to-night."
"Supposed to, in 'sieu."
Simou spuke and moved as one in a
"Ves, supposed lo. 1 shall spend the
night, behind that curtain."
The innkeeper followed the direction
of M'sieu Fun's gaze, ami shook his
head   muurafully.
"1 do nut understand," he said.
"No," responded M'sieu Fuu cheerfully, "aot yet; but you will in good
time." He entered the room, and bent
over the bed. "Vou might bring lhat
candle a little nearer, please, Simon,"
he said.   "Thank you."
Ho manipulated the pillow aad holer, and with the aid of a large curtain
ho discovered iu a corner mado it resemble the figure of a man.
''That is Bupposcd to bo me," ho
said when ho had finished. "1 possess
the objectionable habit of sleeping with
my head beneath the bedclothes."
Then he went out into the corridor
ngain, followed by Simon,
"And if you spend tho night behind
that curtain," ho said, "what do I
'You eau go to sleep as usual, and
forget all about it."
"M'sieu, 1 cannot go to sleep; I cannot forget."
Tho look of despair on his face wub
comical, and M'sieu Fou laughed.
"Then you must stop iu your room.
If I chooso to play a practical joke on
my friends it is no business of yours,
uark," he said a Becond later; "they
aro calling me!"
From the room beneath eamo thc
sound of voices.
M sieu   Fou  hurried  downstairs.
"Messieurs?" ho said apologetically.
"Where have you been!" said Etienne. "We have been calling you for
the last five minutes."
"I am sorry, m'sieu. I have boen
getting your room prepared for you."
"Ah! and now you can take us up
to it?" he asked.
M'sieu Fou bowed, and led the way
up the stairs. On the binding he fiuug
open the door, and stood holding a caudle high above bis head, lighting them
"And our frond's room, you say, ib
the one opposite?"
M'sieu Fou pointed to the door.
"But yea, messieurs.    Bon nuitl"
The elder man noddod curtly, and
shutting the door, locked it. M'sieu Fou
smiled softly, and looked nt the closed
door for a second. Tnen he crept down
the corridor nnd secreted himself behind the curtain.
Below the frame of the window was
a broad ledge, on which ho seated himself.
"'Tis not bo bad!" he muttered,
bavo slept in worse places within the
last six months. A king without
throne is like the proverbial beggar—he
cannot be a chooser."
Then, lighting a cigarette, he looked
out of the window. The rain had ceased, and the moon was nt its full height,
flooding the slopes. The trecB were
bending to and fro in the gale that had
arisen, and in the near distance the
ruins of the old Koman theatre loomed
dark anihtst the foliage which surrounded them.
M'sieu Fou gazed ot it for some mo-
moats; then he drew out Ihb watch.
"A quarter past twelve," he said.
He rose and took off the white apron,
.and, moifitening a corner with his lips,
ho rubbed the color from off his checks
and the black from beneath his eyes.
Then  he lighted another cigarette.
He heard the half-hour chime out from
the bells of the cathedral of St. Maurice in tho valley, and almost following
it aaother sound which caused him to
leap lightly to his feet aud peor round
a eorner of the curtain.
From the door of tbe room in which
the soldiers were supposed to be sleeping a ray of light shone, nnd a socoud
later he saw the two men wnlk softly
across the corridor and open the door
facing theirs.
Emerging from behind tho curtain, he
drew his sword, antl stepping silently
tlown the corridor, stood in tho open
doorway. Etienne was holding a candle,
while the idder man, bending ovei the
bed, was driving his sword through the
figure beneath  the  sheets.
"That should bave finished him, mon
ami," snid the soldier; "but I will
He was about to pull aside the sheets,
when M'sieu Fou stopped into the
"Ves, messieurs," he said, "that
should have killed him. But it has
At the sound of his voice the two
men turned sharply round.
"Mon Dioul" they exclaimod, as if
wilh one voice. Before them stood
Louis, tho last of the Bourbons.
Etienno was the first to recover from
his astonishment. Seizing the sword
from bis companion, he rushed upon
M'sieu Fou; but tho latter was ttio
quick for him. He parried the blow,
and guve it a sudden lunge. There ifi
a certain muscle in a man's body the
severing of which paralyses the right
Hrm and causes it to shrivel, and M'sieu
Fou knew where that muscle wns situated.
Etienne gave n BCroam of pain, aud
the sword fell from his hand on to the
Iloor with a clutter.
"You have maimed me for life!" he
Cruelty was ovor a trait in the character of. thc Burbons, especially cruelty
in tlreir moments of triumph.
"And you too, Colonel D'Angeron!"
ho cried with nnother lunge.
M'sieu Foii stepped quickly into the
corridor; aiul Simon, standing trembling
at the dour of his bedroom, saw bim
point with his drawn sword, from the
blade of which blood was still dripping,
down the llight uf stairs,
A second, and he heard hiin speak.
"Messieurs," ho saitl, "go to your
master, and tell him that is the message of tne man who in a few months
will sit upon the throne of France."
For a second thc twu soldiers, whose
right nrms wure rendered useless, stood
"nd  faced him.
"1 have lhe advantage," said JI 'sieu
Fou, "and to men who would have murdered me while J slept _ show no mer-
cyl '
Then they passed down the stairs
through   the  comptoir   into  the  moon-
At the door Colonel D'Angeron pans
ed. A devoted Bouapartist, he possessed no reverence for thf meu who had
sat upou the tnroue of Franco for gene
"Louis Bourbon," ho said, "we are
maimed for life; but tliere are thousands more, men who would ralher see
our beloved country a mass of ruins
than see Hi.„t;;;r of your cursed family
upon  the throne! "
Then they passed Into the night. For
a few moments Al 'sieu Fou stood watching them, pondering over in his mind
the words Colonel D'Angeron had Bpok
en. Then, with a little sigh, he entered the comptoir.
Thero the old innkeeper was awaiting
'Sire," he said, "thoy called you
Louis Bourboul"
"Yes," answered M'sieu Foil, "i am
Louis, the last of the Bourbons. Perhaps one day 1 shall sit upon the throne
of my fathers, and perhaps not, for
France is a strange country,"
He laid five gold coins upon the table,
coins which bore the head uf the man
who reigned in his stead and sat where
he should have sat.
"This will recompense you for the
trouble I have given you," he said.
"But, siro, you will not leavo tonight?"
"To-night I must go down to the
valley, where I have friends who await
me—better friends than those wdio have
just left. And to-morrow 1 leave for
Paris.   Boa soir."
"Bon soir, sire!" said the old man.
Dazedly he walked to the door, aud
watched the last of the Bourbons climb
tlown the slopes which led into the valley, watched him until the gloom swallowed him up and hid him from view.
Then ne picked up the gold pieces wdiich
M'sieu Fou had left upon the table each
in turn, looked at the head upon it, antl
read the inscription.'
" I wonder." he said, "if he will ever
be King of France. He would make a
gootl king."
Recognized as tiie leading specific for
the (testmet imi of worms. Mother
Graves' Worm Exterminator has proved
■i honn to suiTei'inj. children everywhere.
It seldom fails.
THE woodland wanderer in the Phil
ippiue jungles  must turn  to  thc
mountains to find the finest virgin
forest, and he goes armed with a bolo,
so as to carefully blaze a trail he can
follow ia the descent.
Old clearings, pushing up inlo the
forest like separated fingers on the lower mountain spurs, are choked with rank
eogon grass growing eight to twelve
feet high—as mean a growth to pass
through as any briar patch or cane
brake—which affords no shelter what
ever from tho sun. However, there is
compensation in its gorgeous white
bloom, for, like the poppy, the eogon
a show-piece of nature. Moat striking
amongst the trees of the forest is a
representative of the fig family, locally
known as the baletc, possessing most
remarkable habits. These trees of tea
start their existence high up in other
trees—not as parasites, but deriving
nourishment from humus and decayed
growths collected on the limbs and in
the crotches of ihe older trees, sending
long, winding tendrils down to the
ground, vrbrro they take root ind grow
with such vigor that the supporting
trni r is rapidly enveloped in a coales
ting mass of stems, wliile its own
brandies nre overtupped by those of the
wuirper. which kills il as mucn by steal
tag its sunshine above as by appropri
ating the soil at the base.
While the younger of theso trees are
most grotesque in shape, still many nf
the older ones have toeir various com-
ponents united into a single majestic
trunk witb nicely curved web-like buttresses radiating far afield at the base,
antl with thick curving limbs reaching
far out overhead, loaded with vines and
parasites, making a veritable hanging
garden over tbe tops of the lesser trees,
borne of these balete trees have hollow
interiors, wdiere the trunk of a victimized tree has rotted out, and others are
like big triporls with their trunks far
apart below and meeting iu one stem
forty  feet above the ground.
Plants with leaves of enormous size
are seen in thope glades where shaft?
of Kun light sometimes penetrate, for
such leaves being easily destroyed by
wind roqutro the protection of the forest antl at the same time must have the
liglit. A variety of tbe pulpy elephant-
ear plant acquires leaves averaging
seven by five foet exclusive of the stem,
nnd the banana plant has leaves as loug.
though only half as broad.
Much more plentiful are the rattan
or bojuco thickets. These form the
most serious barriers to climbing
through the woods for the big, fern like
tufts are covered with what might be
called "retraction" or "detention"
thorns, wdiie. slope backward on the
stem like the barb of a fish hook. These
formidable spray-shaped tufts grow to
a height of twelve nnd fifteen feet,
springing from a long, smooth stem
(hat sometimes trails the ground nnd
sometimes ascends high into tin; trees.
The steins are known to reach lengtiis
of four and five hundred feet. An attempt to pass theso bejneo thickets unarmed is futile, but with a well-swung
keen-edged bolo the long, coarse fronds
can be quickly snipped to right and
left. A variety of the bejuco has a
stem hollow anil divided into compartments by diaphragms at the joints, like
the bamboo. Each compartment oon-
tnins about a mouthful of pure water,
aud !■•■ successively chopping off the
stems just below the joints, the traveller may slake his thirst,
seen on a dull day when sunlight splotch-
Theae are but a few examples of the
multitude of plant varieties whose over
burdened profusion impresses one. Per
hops the beauties of the forest are best
es do not enter to confuse the eye in
unrelated  mottled  high  lights, for the
diffused sky light from open glade*
here aad there gives better distance
and better form to the rounded masses
f foliage, la this promiscuous jumblo
f luxuriance, nature is at her greatest
beauty and yet in her most abandoned
iisorder—she is unstudied, inspired,
Above the zone of the bejuco the
climbing becomes steeper and the region
f prevailing mist is entered. Tho forest takes on a new kind of richness.
Enormous trees have given place to
crooked specimens fairly hidden umler
their load of parasitic and climbing
plants. Delicate hanging moss, flecked
ilways with diamond wn tor-drops,
trapes the trunks and limbs.
Every tree crotch is a bed of orchids,
and every limb is completely festooned
with large ami small leaved clinging
vines, climbing palms, and the convolvulus. Here are to be found fine specimens of the bird's-nosl fern, wdiich
perches in a tree and derives its subsistence from ihe docay til' deud leaves
that accidentally drop within the en-
losuro, and the gigantic shapely tree-
fern, each hignlv prized for transplant-
'ug to Manila gardens.
Even at tue very summil the tropical
luxuriance prevails to bucIi an extent
that a glimpse ol the surrounding panor-
lI is randy to he had unless one
ob.- to lhe very top of the highest
[\ Antl even in such a giddy perch
be may wait hours for the Bcuadlng
louds lo break away and reveal the
ethereal blue distance of mountain, lake
ami ocean.
One accustomed to living in the torrid
plains at sea-level will pretty surely shier in these damp mists a few thousand
feet higher up. Ridges are easily foi
lowed iu ascending, ami ure almost impossible to follow in descending unless
the greatest care is taken to keep to
tho blazed trail made in coming up.
Many bave been unintentionally benighted through lack of precaution, for
in the ecBtnsy of reaching tho summit
one is npt to tn rry i n bea ut i fui surroundings until he finds himself persistently diverging from the ridge he
has beeu travelling. Soon he is just
as persistentlv dropping into au ever-
sharpening gully. Apprehension begins
to rise, and with redoubled energy ha
scrambles up the nearest ridge only to
find it is the wrong oni', with no signs
uf his lost trail, in a frenzy he pushes
on and on, jumping down from big,
fern-bedecked rocks, scrambling umler
and over fallen trees, rushing some
thickets, cutting through some and making detours around others, dripping with
perspiration nml stumbling through
pools of water, until he suddenly stops,
breathless—tn think it over. The forest
has grown darker and the silence of
the great trees is ominously depressing
—it is their sinister invitation to spend
the night.
However, whether lost or in camp, he
must observe tbat much of the characteristic fascination of these deep
jungles is lost at night; at least, bo far
as thc sense of sight goes, for instead
of those magic color transformations
that attend sunrise and sunset iu opeu
couutry. aud the night-long procession
of tho Btara. there is nothing but the
sudden dropping and rising of an impenetrable void, so black one seems to
really feel it. This perhaps makes the
car moro sensitive, nud every little
sound works upon the imagination. The
croak of a lizard may be read into the
bark of some wild quadruped slaking
his thirst at a pool perhaps not fifty
feet away, while the hundred insect
noises may mean anything from the hiss
of a snake to the chatter of monkeys.
Strange phosphorescent lights punctuate
the darkness, but illuminate nothing-
fireflies and glowworms leave shining
trackfi. Most spectacular is the effect
of the fireflies when the)1 congregate in
great numbers. It is like an illuminated
Christmas tree, and the flashing of the
lights produces an illusion as if they
were moving rapidly in all directions.
So thickly covered with the "lightning
bugs" are these trees that a faint glow
of greenish light seems to surround
Of the nocturnal forest noisefi, the
soughing of the wind in the canopy overhead is a dread one, for it is the precursor of rain. At such times a distant
rushing souud rises to a roar as it approaches, and down comes tbe rain with
a noise ns if forty thousand devils were
dancing on an iron roof. Then, with
the passage of the tempest, pandemonium gives place again to the drowsy
voices of the night, the occasional drlp-
ping from huge leaves, und the incessant whistling of ihe insects. A shaft
of moonlight slips tlown through a well
of darkest umbrage into a steaming glen
of voluptuous tree-ferns, where evanescent forms bewitch the mind as in a
Moses Sherwood, a long sutlcrcr from
Backache, found permanent relief lu
ono hox of the Oroat Canadian Kidney Romedy, Dodd's Kidney Pills
Poodiac,  King's Co., N.B.—(Special)
—After suffering for eight years, whilo
all  the time  the  remedy  was  right  at
hand.     Mr.   Moses   Sherwood,   a   well-
known   farmer   living   near   here,   tried
Dodd's Kidnoy fills autl is now as well
as ever he was in his life.
Mr. Sherwood's experience is similar
to that of thousands of other natives
if New Brunswick, "Aboul eight years
..go 1 hurt my back from lifting." lie
stntes. "I used liniments and plasters
and wore a wide belt, but in two years
my trouble had developed into kiudey
"Mv back was so sore T eould not
lift any weight, wheu reading a Dodd's
Almanac led me to try Dodd's Kidney
Fills. Before the first'box was finished
mv backache was gone nnd I have
never been troubled with tt  since."
Belts and plasters may give temporary    relief    iu    eases    of    Backache    nr
Rheumatism, but the only way to cure
hem is to go to the sent of iho
rouble. Cure the Kidneys and the
Bachncho or Rheumatism will disappear, Dodd's Kidney Pills never fail
*., cure the Kidneys,'
71 wm
(McKenzie & Mann's Headquarters for the Comox District.)
We claim this is some of the Best Land in the (Uomox District
The Tsolum River runs through this Property
The e. P. R. line north to eampbell River will be within 300 YARDS of
this Subdivision.
The CN. Railway Main line from Cumberland to the north of the Island passes through this land
and the new County road from Cumberland to Headquarters will also be put through this property.
The Canada West Lumber Company will have 2,000 men working at HEADQUARTERS inside of
two years.      Sawmill cutting 75,000 feet per day now under construction.
TERMS:- 1*4 Cash down.   Balance in 6, 12 and 18 months
(P. L ANDERTON,  Manager)
Phone 22
Phone 33
Courtenay, B.O.
Painter and
AU Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avenue   Cumberland
Have Your
Cleaning Pressing and  re
pairing done at
Plain Sewing.
Fancy Dressmaking
Fashionable Tailor
Ladies'ond Gents' Tailor-
made Suits. Cleaning
and Pressing Done at
Reasonable Rates.
Phone 52
^•■■K      For absolute protec-
g_\  tion write  a Policy in
_ff the   LONDON   AND
INSURANCE    COMPANY   of Candies of all
Liverpool, England.
Fruits, Tobaccos
-Cigars at— -
TOTAL ASSETS, S26.78b.93
Local Agent
Very BEST.
Fruits of all kinds -Bestquality
Tobaccos of all strengths.
Cigars - The best variety of the
choicest flavors.
At Bert Aston's
Dunsmuir Ave   : ::   Cumberland
We beg to inform your patrons
lirough   your  columns   of the fact that the firm of
Hygh Bros. & Voung, of Nanaimo, B.C. are tbis year
handling the various Overland models of automobiles
powers as follows:
in three grades am
35 H.P
40 H.P.
F.O.B. Victoria.
The above cats are made in all the latest
models and are the buy of the season at anything like
the price, with beautiful lines ami design.
We beg to inform the prospective purchasing
public iu this line of tbe (act tbat we will visit your
district in the near future, and that tbey will be well
repaid by waiting a very short period to inspect the
Overland and get a demonstration as well.
P. O. Drawer O
Merits for the OV.nRI.AND
Muccl Automobile.
NANAIMO, B C. Phone 97
DUtriot of StywHitU
Take notiou <hnt Bttn Hubert*, of N«w
West minster, B.C , lumbetman. intende
to apply for penuiaeioti to putohaie the
f-'Il'twiny described lauds:--
Coimnmii inn at a p-iit planted 20
chains N-.rth nf Timb• i License No.40780
thenrte west 20 chain*; tbence north 20
chain*; thence west 20 chain; thence
north 20 chain*; theuce west 20 ohalua;
(hence north 40 chains: thence east 25
chains more or less to the shore of Dr
Passage Calm Channel; ihence folluwiuu
shore in in a South-easterly direction
plnce of commencement, coi>tainiu|f 200
Dated Janutiy 30* h. 1912
Kiic R lib buck, agent.
BAY WAB D land DIRTRIOT, District of Say-
waul:—Take uotice that John G#4gi*
Hardy of Cuurtenay, R, C„ occupation
anuticneer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following doscriheri
lnnds: CuiimiuiJcinK at a post planted at
the N bank ot Cntnbeir.v lake and at the
SE corner of Tnubt-r Limit 30012 theme
W 40 chains; thei.re S 40 chains; thence
E 20 chains: theuce NE 10 chains to pnint
ot ci>n.mencement aud containing 110
acret. more ur less.
John George Hardy
D ited Jan. 14, 1912. Reginald Carwithio
kayjiakd land dibtrict, District of Sayward—Take notice that Margaret Car-
within of Sandwii.k, B. C, occupation
widow, intends to apply for permission
to purchme the foliowingdeacribed lands:
Oomu t enui tig at v pust planted on tht
nurth bai k nf Tri-ut like and about oue
milo west from the S\V co-ner of Timber
Limit 37470 ihence N 40 chains, thenoe
W 40 dim I us, thei.ee S 40 uhaini to iht1
north bank of Tmut Uke; theme along
the t.orth b mk of Tmut. lake E 40 chains
point of coinuit'iiceiiienl and contain. [■«
IHO acres more or less.
Margaret Carwithun
Da'ed Jan. 11,1912. ReginaldCarwiihen
Diatrict of SaywMil.
Take notice that Oeorge William Carwithen, of
SamlwK'k, in:, uci-upatkni carpenter, IoLoih'h to
upply for pDtmitHioii to purcluwe the fallowing
lii-ici ihi-il lauds: -(.mumenciiiK at a pout plauiwl at
the S. W. corner of limber Limit 421KW. thence went
80 rlmiiw; thouM aouth 40 chains; thence east OU
thence Houth 20 chain*; theuce en.it 30 chain*;
thence north 80 chains to point of cumwsnCemttiit.
a ml containing MO acres more or Im*
ItHKiiitiM Carwitbim. agsnt.
Dated January 18th, 1913.
Dlstr let of Hayward
Take notice that Henry LuJer Carwithen, of
Sandwick, B.C., occupation farmer. Intends to ap-
ply for perniisMion to purchwu ths following dei
cribed lands:—Commencing at a pout planted at
the M.W. corner of Timber Limit 11168. thnceniirth
80 cbaias; thence east 00 chains; thence south 80
chains; thenc* west 00 chains to point of commence
meat, and containing 480 acres more or less.
Hbnrt LtinxR CAKwmiKN
Reginald Carwithen, agent.
Dated January 13th, 1013.
Dlxtrict of Sayward
Take notice thst Auuko Joii.i Carwithen of
Sandwick, B.C., occupation farmer, inn-juts to apply for perndHsion to purchase tha following dos>
crHitxl lsnds:~-Cuiniueucing at a poat planted at
the N. V, comer of Timber Limit 40774, Unmet, nun h
40 cliains; thence went 40 chains; thenre north 41)
ihalns; theuce west 30 chaina; theuce south 00 chain*
thence east lit) chains; thence south 20 chaina;
iht'iisa i'iikI 40 chnins to point of comiueliceiuciit,
aud contain Ing ^HOiicre* moru or Ibsh.
Reginald Carwitlien, agent.
Dated January listti, 1013.
District of Aiy wai id.
Take notlat) tbat Mabel Hardy, of < Kuitrriny.  It.
O,, occupation married woman, internis to apply
for oortulsslnn to |iurchase the following des<>rib-il
laiids;—Commencing ai a post planted at ihe N.K
■oaner of Timber  Llinll   U0611, theuce south  mj
•IiuIiih; theii'-R etui 40 i-hulim; theuce asrtb Wl cliains
tbence welt 40 chuillK to   pollll of comineucouiuut,
and conulniug ;I20 acres more or less,
.Mahki. Haiiov
Ui'C'ii'ibl Carwithen, agent.
Dated January Uth, 1013.
DNlrlct of Sayward
Tako notice tliat llurlwrt llowarth IliiUf*, of Ly
iliniii. Kim , orciipulioii gentleman. Intends to apply
for pi'imlsiiou to imrchami lho following describe I
lands; -CoumieiicitiK at a poat plontcd on the north
bank of Trout Lake* ml at lln- s W ccrner of Tim-
her Limtt 87470, thence north 30 chains: thence west
so chains; thenco south to the hoik of said Trout
Uke 20 attains; thecce along Iwink of said Tiout
uke cast 80 chains, to point of conimeucumeut,
and containing 100 acres moru or less.
oatcd Jan. Uth, 1913.   Reginald Cars lthea ageut
District ef Sayward
Take notice that l^oalsa Marion Woodcock, of
l.ni.dini, Kng.. occupation siaglu woman, intends to
apply for peamlsslon to purchase the following <1e-
sci'iliod lumh:—Conuuenclngata post planted on
ihu north hank of Trout Lake, and 1J
miles west from the S W corner of Tim*
bur Limit 37470, (hence north HO chains;
thenco west MO chains; thence south 80
chains; theuce east HO chains to point of
commencement, and containing 040 aores
more or less.   Lou ima Marion Woodcock
Reginald Carwithen, agent
Dated January llth, 1012.
Saywnrd land Disttict.
,    Distric' of S tywM-d
Takfl notice thai Gdor«e Robert Bates
of Courtenay, B C , rceupntionrealegtate
a^eot, intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following de-ciibcd lands:—
Commet'ciuv. at a post planted at  the 8.
E. corner uf Timber Limit 4077o; thence
north  80  ohains; thence easi 40 chains;
thence south 60 ohaius; ihence  went 20
chains; theuce south   20   chains: thence
west 20 ckaius, to point   of  commence-
ment, eunUininr 300 aores more or less.
(jkorgk Robert Ba*bb
Reginald 0:irwlthen, agent.
Dated tin* 13th, 1912.
Skyward Lind District
District of Sty ward
Take notio- that Louisa Sophia Ba*e»,
of Sandwick,  K.C, occupation,   married
woman, intends to apply  for  permission
to purchane thu follnwingdescribud lands:
0oinoien«inc( at a post, planted ati the N.
E.   corner  Timber Limit 40775. thenee
north 80 chains; tbenee easi 20 chains;
tbence south 80chains; thence   west  20
chains to pnint of   commencement,   aud
containing lUOacres more or Ices.
Louisa Sophia Bates
Reginald Carwithen, agent.
Dated January 13th, 1012.
Sayward Lind Diatrict.
Distri't of Say wa< d.
Take noticH that Reginald  Carwithen,
of Sandwick,   B.O., occupation,   farmer,
intuiids to apply   for permission tn put*
chaee the foil..winy   dear.ribtd   lands:—
Commencing at a post planted at the N.
E. corner of Timber Limit 40775, thenee
north 80 chains; thence weat 80 chains;
thence south 80 chains;   thence east 80
chnins to  p'-iot of commencement,   and
containing 040 acres more nr less.
Reginald Carwithen
Dated January 13rh, 1012
Saj ward Lt»nd DUtrict
District of Sayward
Take notiou that Christian Carwithen,
of Baud wick, B.C., occupation carpenter,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following  described   lauds:—
Commencing at a post planted at the   S
VV.   oorner  of P tt  2800,-thence mm)
20 chain*; thenco we-t 80 chaiiie} thenct
uti 20chains; thence eaht B0 chaina t>
point of ciimmeuceuieut aud containing
100 acres more or less.
CwtiriTiAM Carwithen
Reginald Carwithen, agent
D.ited Jiinuar> 13th, 1012,
District of Sayward.
Take notice that Margaret Bin lun Car
witheu *f Sandwick, B. C, occupation
sit-gie woman, intends te apply for permission to purchase the following de
scribed lauds:— Commencing at a pnai
planted at the most southerly end of
Cranberry lake, thenc E 80 chains; thence
8 HO ohains; thence W 40 chains; thence
along the boundary of Lot Hli, Sayward
District, in a general north and west di
notion, to a point due south of the point
of commencement, thenco due north to
the point of commencement and contain*
ing 500 acres more or less.
Maruarit BluhmCakwitiiin
Dated Jan. 14, 1012. Reginald Carwithen
wayward LAND district, District of Say
Hard—Take notice that Elilh Wilson
of Lytham: Eng., occupation marriri
w man, Intend* to apply for permission
to puiehasu the following described land-
Commencing at a p<*i plained aboul
one half mile E from south bank ot
Trout lake and about one mile aouth
'rom the most northerly end of Tiein
lake, thence aouth 80 chains thence E
40 chains, theuce N HO chains, theuce V\
40 chains to point of ecioiiieneeineii
uid cidltniliiilg 320 acres more or lets.
D*lt>d J'in. H, 1012 Reginald Ofti
withen, A-imt.
•aywaRI) LAKO D18TRI0T, District of Sayward.—T .ke notiee that Ktlirh Lnce\
Bates i-f Lytham, Eng., occupation wid-
• w, intends to apply for permission to
purchase tint following described lands'—
C -mmoncii.g at a post plantid on lh"
south ba< k of Trout lake aud about, iw
imli-s Irom the mogt northerly end of sa<o
lade, thence E 80 chains, thenoe N 4"
chaii.s. thenoe loi'lh along bank <>f saio
lake Ho chains to point of ooiniuepcement
and containing 80 acres mom or lens.
Ehith Laohv Bates
I) ted Jan. 11,1012 Reginald Carwithen
sayw.ro LAND DISTRIOT, District of Say
ward —Take notice that Harriet jane
Balnbridge of London, England, occupation single woman, intends tu apply for
permission to purchase the following described lands- Commencing at a post
planted on tbe N bai k uf Trout lake and
about oue mile fr in the muat southerly
uud of said lake thence along the bank of
aaid lake southerly HO chains, teence N W
HO chaina, thonce V, 40 chaina to point of
commencement and containing 100 acres
mure or less.
Harriet Jane Bainiridoh
Dated Jan. 11,21,1012. Reginald Carwithen, Auo lit.
Decorator, Paperhanger
All Work Promptly
...Attended to.,.
Residence, Peurith Avenue
R^ruBButiiiK The Geo. A. Fletcher Co.,
Nmwimo, B.C.
Ordor. left at T.E.Bnte'. Ston promptly
uti ended to.
Notary Public, Conveyancer. Etc.
DUtrict Agent The Mutual Life Ataurance
Company df Canada.
Fire IiiButatice. Accounta collected
FOR SALE- Home, 5 rooms, price 1050
FOR SALE-House,   7   rooma,   Piice,
81 000.00. Terms caah.
New house, including two full-sizod
lots, price 81200.
H. uae in centre of oity, price $1260 cash
Afply. E. W. BICKLE.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
be in this office not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday.
Mrs. Simms will give lessons on the
piano at her house in Jerusalem, formerly
nwned hy Mr. jnmes Stewart, on and
nfter Monday, March 4th—until then in
Camp as usual.
E. T. WHELAN,  Proprietor
Third St Ss Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
For The
The finest hotel in the city.
B.C. Garaee
For Auto and
Gas Engine Supplies
District Agent for the
Eusf.el, E.M.F. 30 Flanders 20
and McLauffhlin-Buick automobiles
Fairbanks-Morse   Stationary   and   Marine    Engines,
Oliver Typewriters, Moore's Lights, and Cleveland,
Brantford, Massey-Harris and Perfect bicycles
Phone 18
Hung Chong & Co.,
Branch .Store from CHARLIE SING CHONG Co.
Hardware ofall kinds.
Boots and Shoes, at Lowest Prices
Heaviness at Pit
of the Stomach
A Feeling of Uneasiness Before and
After Meals is Quickly Cured
With Nerviline
Nearly everyone pets un occasional at-
tMk of indigestion und knows jnst what
tfcat heavy feeling ineuiiB in the fitom-
Mk "I was subject to stomach derange-
Ments and my health was seriously hampered on this account. After meals I
tak It M gas, had a weighty sensation in
my stomach and over my left side. The
Ant relief I got was from Nerviline—I
ueed it three times a day and was cured.
I toutiuue to use Nerviline oceasinoal-
ty, and tind it is a wonderful aid to the
stomach und digestive organs."
The above letter comes from
Mrs. V. B. Stetson, wife of an 'important merchant
in Brockton, and
still  further proof
tit the exceptional power of Nerviline is
tarnished by A. E. Bowman, the well-
kaewu Bpholflterer of Chester, who
writ en: "Let everyone with a bad stom-
Mh u»e ' Nerviline," and I am sure
tbere will ho few sufferers left. I used
to have cramps, rumbling noises, gas on
my utoinaeh and severe tits of indiges*
tion. Nerviline was the only remedy
thnt gave tue relief, and 1 found it su
entirely satisfactory that I would like
to kavo my letter of recommendation
pihlishcd hroadenst, in order that others
may profit by my experience."
You'll tind a hundred uses for Nervi-
Uue—it's a trusty household remedy
that sells to the extent of a million
tattles per year—that's the best proof
that it must cure and give unlimited
satisfaction. Refuse anything offered
ia place of Nerviline. In two sizes, 50c
aad 25c. All dealers, or The Catarrh-
oeoae (.Vi., Kingston, Ont.
N a storm at soa tho chaplain asked
oue of the crew if he thought there
was any danger. "Why," replied
the sailor, "if this continues wo shall
all be iu heaven to-morrow morning,"
The chaplain, horrified, cried out, "The
Lord forbid!"
A PARTY   of   East
were found
WilEAT   flour   is   now   made   into
bricks by hydraulic pressure. Almost every oue is familiar with
tea bricks, but flour bricks are entirely
Floor in bricks possesses many advantages over the loose powder. In the tirst
ptaeo, the enormous pressure exerted
destroys  ail forms of larval life alroady
Eresent, and the bricks are much too
arc. afterward for any insects to work
their way in. The bricked flour is
eqaally secured from mould, and is to
all practical purposes water-proof, si
that it could suffer no damage in ship
meat, even though carelessly handled
and exposed to tiie weather. Tho bulk
ef tbe flour is mueh reduced, and a barrel of ordinary flour pressed into bricks
•oald be packed in a square case about
the size of a soup-box.
Before using tho flour, it is, of
tourse necessary to reduce it to powder, and this is done by first breaking
ap tbe bricks between cogs and then
Tanning the plows between rollers
Small homo grinders, made on the
principle of a coffee-mill, will undoubtedly appear on the market if tiie brick
four becomes popular with housewives.
'/. PILLSy
LGHT S   0*?a"Z ..
Indian natives
sitting in a row on
the platform of a stutiou after
the train had left, aud being asked the
reason, one of tho men replied: "Oh,
sahib, we are waiting till tlic tickets are
rtlK very young traveling salesman
was registering at the village
hotel. "1 want a room with running water in it," he remarked, "Bun*
nin water!" cackled the landlord;
"what do you want to tlo, mister—practice indoor trout fishin'?"
A STREET singer was singing in
front of a Sixth Avenue department store when the manager
came out and asked how much ho made.
"About 10 cents a block." replied tho
singer, " Well," said the manager,
"here's a dollar; move up ten blocks."
. n    	
a lon—finpa Iamoomb,
nmvrwrliwi "lly wife Iin*
ni.iid uliharupttnw ltn.i>
r li yeara—DO it,-* iluy nr
uv tried mom ewry known
i„r tim troublo—notlilnif
'■■ t. n.rmmr>'n-tifC.(Hii.-)ii!li
'  /M1SOKI.INK,  JK.
wtt wv nru.'
me niMr uu in.
H.tu nud life
taav.nu it thy
■ l.i'M  ii.'.. fi.l
iiwnk IFIhm.
a r. mm. p D
It •
, til
;»:-l N
■i itml iinnn-
mrt IiivIkII.Iu
iw',; lint It li
or dflUvvrbd.
.210 Tftmefe St, Serlnffflald, Miss.
i,vh.»h, cu.. i.M.nr t, r«n..i' i. ttf.-ti.
iM Ihiii.^1 1'|    ■■ «»:ll\   11-llkA   \*IW.< HI., HlmtlB^i
*mt kvriHMr ov*t. *  ..imi..:W. tu., »i»«i|i,f * in.
fvn e*4 HfMu ii-jc MtOm i'h. LM.. liMvutw,
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
rMnrfbod uid rMonuMndfvl lor w<mi*o» oti
mbU, i nkntUkiftllv prepared nmnty tt prm«
*OTth. Thf riwulte from their im* l«r qaiok ud
ft Ml* tt kll druc IkOTM.
Dren Well
»m» W*0. C"*<m. blk m MlMd Oom _ .
EK*««AM|DM"No **••** of r.twt*km
— •AtMinti.—
^ *M-ei4»en Co   liwMd,  	
Md •weeMMC
 ...     . Wiekersham
is being praised in Washington for
a witticism at a doubtful politician's expense. Mr. Wiekersham, Ln
a recent discussion, said: "What sort
of a man is McGurkf" "McOuirk?"
was tho response. "Oh, McOurk is as
honest as the day is long." "Fes," said
Mr. Wiekersham, cautiously, "bnt. the
days are getting shorter now." ,
A CYNIC had returned from a party
in Toronto, given by some "now
rich" citizens who were rather
ostentatious, but not given to the use
of correct English. "I suppose," said an
nquiring friend, "that everything was
very swell." "It was," said the cynical youth with a yawn, "everything
was observed except the rules of syntax."
THE tourist from Chicago usually
makes herself seen and hoard. One
lady of such tendencies announced to a surprised audience in a Loudon
boarding house that her husband had
written to say that ho was going to
buy an automobile. "I don't know
whether ho'11 go in for a toworiug-ear,
or a runningaround," said the voluble
lady. "But oue thing is certain, we'll
have our own garbage."
A GENIAL looking gentleman wanted
an empty bottlo in which to mix
a solution, and wont to a chemist's to purchase one. Selecting one
that answered his purpose be asked the
shopman how much it would cost.
"Well," was the reply, "if ynu want
the empty bottle it will be a penny, but
if you want anything in it you can havo
it for nothing!" '.'Well, that's fair,"
said  tho customer;  "put  in a cork."
•       *        w
NOT long ngo a London preacher indulged in a little bit of sarcasm
over a small collodion. And lie
did it very neatly in a preface to his
sermon on the following Sunday.
"Brethren," lip said, "our collection
last Sunday wns a vory small one. When
I looked at the congregation 1 said to
myBOlf, Where are the poor? Hut as Z
looked at the collection when we count*
1 it, I exclaimed, Where ave thu rich?"
DISPUTE about precedence once
arose upon a circuit between a
bishop ami a judge, and after
some altercation the latter thought he
ihould quite coirfound his opponent by
looting tho following passage: "For
oi these two hang all tke law and the
prophets." "Do you not see," Miij tin
udpe, in triumph, "thnt even in this
passage we are mentioned first?" "1
rant you," replied tho bishop; "you
hang lirst."
A WIZENED little man chnrjjed his
wife with cruel ami abusive treatment. His better half, or in this
case better two-thirds, was a big, square-
jawed woman with a determined eye.
The judge listened to the plaintiff's recital of wrongs with interest. "Where
did you meet tnis woman, who according
to your story, hits treated you so dread'
folly ,'" his honor nslted. "Well, judge,,:
replied the little man, making a brave
attempt to glaro defiantly at his wife,
■'I never did meet hor. Sho just kind of
overtook me."
MIhh Kathleen Murphy tells how she
Muttered and how easy and complete
was ber cure by tbe Oreat Canadian
Kidney Remedy
Tangier Mines, Halifax Co() N.K.—
.Hpccial'i—-There is no longer any doubt
that of the thousand* of suO'ering women
of Canada, nine out of every wn own
their trouble to Kidney Disease. For
that reason it is glad tidings that Miss
Kathleen Murphy of this place is reading out to her suffering sisters.
'My troubles started from a cold,"
says Miss Murphy in an interview, "I
had pains in mv head and baek, and
Iiheumatinm and Diabetes finally developed.
'Thon I stnrted to tako Dodd's Kidney Tills nnd they cleared out my Hhoti-
matism, cured my Kidney Diseaso and
brought back my health.
11 would not bo without Dodd *s
Kidney ('ills for I have given thom n
thorough test and found them to be all
that is claimed for them."
The socrot of health for women fa to
keep the kidneys strong nnd healthy.
Healthy Kidneys mean pure blood,
abundant energy and a clear, healthy
omplexion. The ono miro way to keep
the kidneys healthy i« to uso Dodd's
Kidney Puis,
was vory ill aud a trained nurse
had been employed to caro for una.
A'hen ho became convalescent a young
woman, who had studied in a hospital
for a short time, was secured in her
place. A sympathetic neighbor meeting
Lawrence, the following conversation
took place: "How is your dear grandpa thiB morning, Lawrence?" "lie is
better." "Have you the trained nurse
still?" "No, tho trained nurse has
gone away and tbe one we have now is
half trained and half wild."
THE self-made millionaire wto M
endowed the sehool had beea i»-
vited to make ihe opening speech
nt the commencement exercises. He had
not often had a chance of speaking be
fore the public aud ho was resolved to
make tho most of it. He dragged bis
address out most tiresnmely, repeating
tho samo thought over and over. Unable to stand it any longer a couple of
boys in the rear of the room slipped out.
A coachman who was waiting outside
asked them if the millionaire had finished his speech. "Gee, yes," replied the
boys, '' but ho won't stop.''
*    *    tt
A OOOD solid type of Western On-
tario gentleman not long age Uld
of the only time wheu no had
been guilty of profanity. He and a
friend had gono fishing,'and for some
timo luck was dead against them. At
last, however, they seemed to be nbout
to get at tho ouo time tho reward for
their patlonce, Both corks wero bobbing beautifully, and it wns in the
excitement of the moment that the man
who was vory careful of his language
was trapped into a lapse. "I've got a
■ •   good   bite,''   said   the   friend
eagerly, and with fully as much eager
ness the mau who never had indulged
in unprintable talk whispered, "So havo
THIS dates back some time, but is
still of application. President
Cleveland's colored man and Secretary Hoke Smith's colored man were
exercising their masters' horses out on
a country road, and got into a dispute
as to what is the best thing in the
world. Finally they made a bet of t
dollar on it. "Well, what iB de bes
thisg in the world?" asked Cleveland's
man. "Koas* possum anil sweet 'tn-
ters,'' said Hoke Smith's moke.
"Whoa," said Cleveland's man, dragging at tho bridle. Ho jumped to tne
ground] seized Hoke Smith 'h man by
the leg and dragged bim to the dust.
"Take that," says he, lamming him on
tho neck. "Yon mi+dble black rascal!
Yo' ain't leave me nuffiu' to guess at."
e    »    *
LA.VER SCnARWENKA loves to remember tho trip when he and H. H.
Myer, a butter merchant of Philadelphia, crossed the ocean ou the same
Ht earner. Thero were few-passengers on
board and Sebarwenka was glad of thc
quiet, so that he could compose. Often
he would sit down at a table by himself
in the smoking room and busy himself
for six or seven hours at a stretch with
pen aud manuscript paper. The butter
dealer watched SebarwenkaJs doings
with great interest, aud one day tried to
coax the musician to take a walk on
deck. Scharwouka declined courteously,
offering the excuse that he had a great
ileal moro music tn write. "But, my
dear man," said the man of butter,
"what aro you doing that for? Economy
is all right, but one must net go to extremes. Wby don't yon buy the pieces
instead of copying them On this way?
Music, is so cheap nowadays!"
A NOTED   Philadelphia   lawyer  left
his native town iu Tennessee oom
years ago and came to lhe ciiy
to practise law. He had been uniformly
successful. His brether, upon the other
hand, remained behind at the family
homestead, Returning io his native
town recently, the attorney met an old
darky in the road. "Hello, uncle." he
said, but the old man did not recognize
the boy he used to know in the prosperous looking citizen who addressed him.
"AVell," asked the lawyer, "how are
the Blank family?" "Oh, they're all
right," said the old darky. ".Iim Blank
has gone to Philadelphia, and done made
a lot of money. He's a lawyer, snh."
"Is that so?" answered tho attorney.
"Ami his brother, Tom, how is he; has
he made a fortune, toot'1 " bawdy uo,"
answered the old darky, shaking his
head, "ho ain't no lawyer. Marse Tom
wouldn't tako a dishonest penny from
With the Horses
THERE is a general opinion, freely
expressed by leading horsemen who
attended the principal meetings of
the season that thfl judging has boon
exceedingly weak kneed. This is a vital
sore Hpot and it should lie firmly met.
During the coining winter there will be
meetings of the stewards of the Orand
and great Western circuits and many
other gatherings of leading horsemen
aud brooders interested in the honor and
Integrity of the sport, and there should
be a concerto! movement to improve the
quality of the judge's stand, lf associations pay from $00 to *20fl a week for
the services of a starter, they can afford
to do tho same for an impartial judge,
who knows the rules and will apply thom
fearlessly. The parent association Bhould
discourage the imposition of fines, where
all the evidence points to a case of
fraud. The man who deliberately loses
race, or throws a heat, lias arranged to
profit far more than the average fine
which may be imposed, therefore the
penalty docs uot fit the crime. Hundreds
havo beon defrauded, the public has not
seen a genuine raeo or boat, aud in
many cases tbo offender escapes altogether and enjoys a sardouic laugh at
the simple minded judges who let the
job go through.
Wo admit that judges may seo glaring reversals of form and drives which
favor tbo opinion that the teamster
had no intention to win the heat; it is
ditlicult to obtain direct evidence. But
whero pools are sold and books made,
there is always a way to trace whero
the money eamo from und who bet it,
The intelligent poolseller and bookmaker knows full well that tbe prosper
ity of tbe sport depends upon its honesty and that the moment the public
get suspicious they cense to speculate.
When it simply becomes a game between a few owners aud their friends,
the pool-selling is limited, while the
bookmaker takes a glorious chance of
being skinned by tbe jobbers. Meetings
of this class have beea held, but the
eventual result has always been that
tho public aud respectable horsemen
finally stayed away and tbo association
closed its gates.
That the majority of fines were properly imposed for cause is proved by the
fact that the vast majority of them are
uot protested, though the party fined
can bring his case before tho boards for
readjustment, lf a man is iuaoccnt he
is not willing, as a rule, to suffer under
tho stigma of guilt and loso from $100
to $500 for the privilege. He ean easily
prove that he, his owner or friends, had
their money on tho horse, or did not
bot at nil and had no compact with other drivers. Wo take no atock in tho
claim that as the parent associations get
the fines, thoy rarely reverse tbo judges'
decision. The associations are not poor
and can afford to be just, and if a driver can mako out a good case we believe
he will get a verdict. It must, therefore, be assumed that the vast majority
of these fines are justified, but that
very fact goes to show that instead of
a fine, the punishment should bavo been
There is always, however, a very doll
cate point for a judge to decide, and
that is tho difference between a driver
who lays up a heat in order to win a
race, and the oae who deliberately pulls
to lose a race. There are well kuown
drivers of known honesty who would
not sell a race, but who will lay up a
heat if by doing so they can eventually
win, and ns long as the heat system of
racing continues they will continue the
practice. There would be little harm in
this but for tbo practice of betting on
heats. A horse wine one or two hard
heats, the driver decides to go an easy
heat. The outsiders on the strength of
lhe previous winning, back the horwe
for the next heat aud get no show for
tlieir money. They have lost it us sooi*
as it went into the bookmaker's hands.
Bookmaking on heats should be absolutely prohibited. We believe a man
has a right to buck his opinion, but it
is thc duty of the associations, as long
as they permit it, to see that be gets a
square game. Tho big bettors whe go
to the pool-box know exactly what they
are doing. It ts the army of little
bettors on the heats who are slaughtered. A mutuel machine on each race
with $2 or $5 tickets might cure the
evil. But the real cure for violations
of the rules is in the judges' staud. The
presiding judge should at least go
through the entire circuit and it would
be au excellent idoa that tbe sume
starters should officiate. Two thoroughly competent officials would soon compel obedience to the law and, what is
more, drivers would soon learn that it
was to their interest to race to rule.
Light harness racing is tbe national
sport and every effort should be made
to keep it on a high standard.
*   •   »
Tbe Exhibition Association at Winnipeg, Man., at the request of a nnmber
of breeders in Western Canada, extended the time until October 15, for the receipt of entries for their futurities to
bo raced in 1913. Mauy of tbe owners
throughout Western Canada were very
biiBy duriug tho beginning of Octobor
and scarcely had time to look over their
Seventy-three entries attest tbe popularity of the Edmonton futurity races
for harness horses to bo raced at the
exhibition meeting at Edmonton, Alta,,
iu 1912 and 1913. In tbe 1912 futurity,
open to foals of 1909 from mnros bred
in 1908 for a guaran teed purse of $3,-
000, sixteen entries havo been received,
six of tbem from Edmonton owners, ln
the 1913 futurity, open to mares bred iu
1909 ior foals of 1910 for a guaranteed
purse of $3,500 there are 57 entries,
seventeen of tbem being from Edmonton owners and no loss thau twelve by
James Cowan, of Killamey, Man,, and
seven bv the Prairie Stock Farm, Battleford, Sask.
In regard to skin diseases, medical
authorities are now agreed ou this:
Dou't imprison the disease germs iu
yonr skin by tho use of greasy salves,
and thus encourage them to multiply.
A true cure of all eezemntens diseases
ean be brought about alone by using tbe
healing agents in the form of a liquid.
A simple wash: A compound if Oil
of Wiutergreoii, Thymol, and other
ingredients as combined in the D.D.D.
Prescription. This penetrates to tbe
disease germs and destroys tbem, then
soothes nnd heals the skin as nothing
else has ever done.
\ trial bottle will start the cure, and
give you iti stant relief. Write for it today to the D.D.D. Laboratories, Dept.
R.P., -19 Col borne St., Toronto.
For sale by all druggists.
IN the minds of most people, especially if they aro young people, elate
iB chietly associated with mathematical computations and with roofs;
but it is now used for many things besides school slates and roof coverings.
Out of it are made sidewalks, the walls
of dwelling-houses, floors, stairways,
door and window Bills, chimney-tops,
fence posts, bathtubs, mangers, mantelpieces,, blackboards, aad many otber
It can be sawed and worked so accurately that bathtubs and cisterns are
made perfectly watertight, simply by
joining the edges of the slate blocks.
So useful a material is naturally a
source of wealth where it is found.
Thore exist deposits of slate in Oreat
Britain, Italy, Franee, and other European countries, as well its in several of
tbe United States. The most productive American slate-beds are in thc
central and eastern parts of Pennsylvania,
Slate is got out of the ground by
means of blasting, holes being bored
into it with steam-drills. With derricks and hoisting chains the rough
slabs are lifted to the edge of tho quarry, and then they are rolled upou trucks
to the shanty of tho "splitter." The
slate forms naturally in layers, and tbe
"splitter," following tbo grain or "ribbon" with a large chisel, separates the
blocks iuto strips of about tho proper
tlvickness for roofing-slate.
Then the siute passes through a cutting or trimming machine, where, by
the blows of a heavy knife, the irregular pieces are cut into rectangular
''shingles.'' Boys often operate this
Afterward tbo slntes nre piled up in
"squares," eacb square containing enough to cover one hundred square feet
of roof.
In the neighborhood of tho Pennsylvania quarries one will find houses
whose walls are entirely of slate. The
blocks aro smoothly sawed and tbe
walls are exceedingly  substantial,
A IVnnsylvania factory whero various articles of slate are manufacture.!
contains three horizontal saws twelve
feet in length, each of which is furnished with seventy-fire cutting diamonds.
Probably these are the most expensive
saws in the world, for each one costs
live thousand three hundred dollars.
The huge horizontal saw which works
upon ouo of the blocks of slate is lowered by a ratchet at the rate of a quarter of au inch a minute. The saw would
cut iron or steel at the same rate. Water
plays upon the B»\V to keep it cool and
wn*h  the  slate-dust   from  tlte uut.
After the sawing the block is planed
Those Wlio Lack Energy and ara V*-
aacceaafnl Should Read
Thla Closely
"I am only thirty years eld, yet to
almost two years I have felt mors Ilk*
seveuty-five. I have found it difficult to
sleep at night and In the morning feci
so depressed and heavy tbat effort wu
dillicult. My hands were always clammy and perspiration on slight effort
would break out all over me. It was
not unnatural that I Bhould begin to
brood over the chance that I should
soon bo unfit to do my work, and this
dread made my sleepless nights perfect
misery. After repeated trials of medicine and mixtures Dr. Hamilton's PUk
gave me the first gleam ef hope. Pros
the very first I could see thoy were different in action from other pills. Thev
didn't gripe and acted as naturally as m
nature and not the pills were cleansing
my clogged-up system. My spirits rose,
1 felt much better, the sluggish actio*
of the system guve way to normal activity. Dizziness and headaches ceaae^
appetite, good color and ambition to
work returned aud have remained. I
am liko a new mnn and I thauk Dt.
Hamilton's Pills for it all."
This was the experience of J. E. Park*
hurst, a well-known groeery dealer to
Jefferson. Follow his advice, use Da.
Hamilton's Pills for your stomach, kidneys and liver and you'll enjoy long lifo
and robust good health. All dealers sel
Dr. Hamilton's Pills, in yellow boxetv
25c )H>r box, from The Catarrhozone Co*,
Kingston, Ont.
by boing moved bnck and forth by machinery, under a firmly fixed chisel
Thon it is polished, much as marble aai
granite arc, by menus of a rapidly revolving disk of east iron called a ribbing -bed, which is kept covered with ft
sprinkling of fine saud continually saturated with wator. The slate is bored
by means of diamond-pointed drills,
Slate land was once so little valued
that the tract upon which the fan^ow
chapman quarry is situated waB sold
for a pint of liquor. Its subsequent
owners have takon millions of dollar*
from it.
Self-Loading Rifle
It Strikes
ABlowof 2038 lbs.
This new Winchester
shoots a heavier bullet
and hits a harder blow
than any other recoil
operated rifle made. It
is more powerful than
the .30 Army, of big-
game hunting fame. The
loading and firing of this
I rifle are controlled by
the trigger finger.   It
Stmt tnr Ultstrtlii circular M*r
iiteriUnt thii an rt/to wkM*
hat itrmtth and pawtr mi...
. New Una, Cm*. 8.1 i.
Unless you treat your ailments in the right way, you can't
expect to cure them.   We'll buy a 50-cent bottle of
Psychine (pronounced Si-keen) from your druggist and give it to you free to show you
how effective is the right way.
The Pill That Brings Belief,—Wlien,
dftor ouo huu pnrtaken of » meul, he in
oppressed by feelings of fulness and
pains In thp stomneb, ho .ullYrs from
dyspopsln, whi.'h will p.'rHiMt if it bo
not. dealt with. Parmelee's Vegetable
Piiln aro tho'vory best medicine that *un
iio tdknn to bring rollef, ThoHO pills
:iro spooitilly eomponndod to deal with
dyspepsia, and thoir sterling qnalitios
in this respeet can bo vouched fur by
legions of users.
It's not io long age that the doctors
Med * man to make blm strong.
"Stuff a cold and starve a lever" la
miles beblad our today's knowledge
of curative science, yet our fathers
bad It preached to tbem time and
You may aot know It, but to-day
there ara Just' aa Ineffective methods
if euro bolng preaebed and practised
All because moat peopla lo aot kaow
tbo real causa of disease.
Tbere aro two kinds of eorpueclei la
(be blood—red and white.
Tbe red corpuscle* contain nutrition,
the white destroy disease germs.
If for any cause the white corpuscles
become depleted and ara not sufficiently
strong to destroy the germs of dlaeaae,
tbeu disease controls the body.
That's tbe causa of dlaeaae.
# « #
Tears ago certain berhs wero found
to cure disease.
They didn't know how or wby tn
those days, they do to-day.
And it's because these herbs build up
the white corpuscles.
These herbs arr contained In Psy-
clni'i—they're reniHinslble for the great
results obtained tioiu Hsychlne a third
■ r a century ugo.
They're responsible tor the hundreds
of thousands that Psychine haa cured
alnce tbat llm*.
It* because ot these berbe tbat we
have received bundreda of thousands
of testimonials attesting to wonderful
cure* that Psychine baa made.
And It'a because of thee* very Mme
herbs tbat w* wlll buy within tb*
neat twelve months hundreds of thousands of 60-cent bottles of Psychine
and give tbem away free to whomao-
ever sends us tbe coupon la thle aa-
Now If you wish to relieve or pro-
vent any of tbo disorders la tbls list
stad 1a tbat coupon:
I* Orlop* Bronchial Coughs
Rraiohltla Weak Longs
Hemorrha**, Week Voice
■are Throat Spring Weakness
Anaemia Cany Decline
Catarrhal Alhcttona
Catarrh of Stomach
Night Sweats
Laryngitis and
___________        IJyspepuJa
Aftereffect* of Pleurisy, Pneumonia and
Now, we don't ask you to take our
word for the tremendously heneflelnl
effect of Phychlne. Fill out the coupon below, mall It to us and we'll give
your druggist an order (tor whleh we
pay hint the tegular retail price) for a
M-ccnt bottle of Psyehinr to be given
you free of vital.
We wlll undoubtedly buy aid diet**
bute In thla manner, hundroda of thousands of these 60-cent bottles ot Pa»*
And wa do tbat to abow oar aatlr*
confidence ll tbi* wanderlul preparation.
A confldeace that bas beea baaed on
our 30 yeara' esperlenca wltb thl*
splendid preparation, wltb a full knowledge of tbe hundreda of thousands of
curat It baa mad*.
Poor Appetite
CMlls and Fevers
Sleeplessness and
Nervous Troubles
To iht Dr. T. A.  SLOCUM UA
1*3-195 SptdJn* Ave., Torant*
1 Mttpt yonr ofltar to try s Me. bottlo
of Pirohlno (prononneed St-kenn) M
your tisponM. 1 ban not hud • ail.
t*--'n of ltyehlna uoder thU plm,
Ki llr odvtM mf drunlit to Ai&Ttf
thin t>0U)« W BO. 4*
Mr Num ~_
Town mm,
Rtroetaod Nmnbtr 	
Mr DruflftBt'n X*iu« •*••*.
Htreet and NomW	
Thin coupon In not irood for a 50a bottle
of lyrchlne if prrMenttd to the drtitfKli*
—It iiniHt. be aent un—we will tben bar
the AOo. bottle of Fnytililne from yonr
ririifnfUt and iHwrt hltn to deliver It to
>oil I'IiIm firtVr mny be wlthiliHwa at
tint' time without notice. Send coupon
tu tiny.
'. ai maniiwMKi ■
VEfe guarantee tha
perfect quality and
the tobaccos used in
the manufacture of
my heart whea I heard David's cheery
.oico shouting words of encouragement
.ih he flourished aloft a big sheath knife
uid breasted tho short waves of tht
oauk, on his way to the swash beyond,
•Uold uui, Bossl" he yelled, bet week
gasps. "Try for turn uui, Alarse Cecil.
Jab big spotted dubill lie shore done
got you dia time I I'm comin' all 1
•uui ' These words came to me across
i vast field of whirling whito foam ana
orokun wator, but ohl tho musie of it
Still I tugged and fought—now
Wrangling, now gasping, as euch giant
wave would delugo mu on its way to
■ ho Uinta.it beach. A minuto more, and
i see David's black hands grasping the
.tout cord aud feel his big shoulder ab
it jostles against mine iu a frantic ef
i'ort to stay the outward rush of the
now thoroughly frightened fish,
heads shoreward onee more and I air
mlling him in through a big wave
A*hen up goes his tail and down goet
iis hoad. There is a whirl of whit*
vater and a great volume of spraj
hoots skyward. The whole sea seeim
iill ef sharks, so quick is he in lm
iioveiuenta. lie must have struck
he sand in his downward plunge am
Iiu.1' become frightened iuto a renewed
'(Tort to escape.    Back to sea he goei
Catching a Tiger Shark on the South
Carolina Coast
K was called Spotted Jack, from l annoying erabi and amall tlsh.   Anothei
the  numerous splotches of dark, hour   passed, and  still   our   lines  rodi
color thai adorned hm hug
from head tn tail. 11 fa size, too, hud
increased from the moderate length of
sixteen feet to that of forty, as yam
after yarn wuuld be upun by tho excited
fishermen concerning the depredatious
Committed by bis lordship among thb
Ashing tackle ou the reef and also
among the set Hues put for his capture.
1 saw him ouce, while fishing for red
bans on the shallows. It was only a
glimpse of two bilge fins protruding
•(tine two feet out of the water and the
{nn poller like motion of the big tail as
t worked—forcing tbe long, dark body
•wii'ily across the treacherous ahouls
into tlic deep and safer waters of the
eha inula.
There was no denying it. He was a
nuisance and a menace to the fishing
interest;* of tho seusou, and, unless
aome means were adopted to rid the
beach of hia presence, our favorite pan-
time would be at an end, for this summer at least. Several attempts had
been made to catch him—big set lines
being used, baited with full-grown mullets. Hut the tbhermen never seemed
to consider his great size and strength,
or the rigs put out may have been old
and   rotten.    Bome  reason  was always
advanced by way of explanation by
those whose repeated attempts bad always resulted in complete failure, and
■tilt ht lived and spread havoc along
toe fishing grounds. lie invariably
Came oil* victorious—each time leaving
three or four expensive rigs smashed
At the end of the fight. It was useless
to attempt to land him with the ordinary line. Something stronger must be
UBed—a Btrong (juarter-inch line and
two hundred feet En length, steel hooks,
too, with chain leaders to match. Tins
would be my outfit. And I lost no time
in getting it up. Big lines tbey were
and beauties, but I needed just such
a rig. Fourteen or perhaps fifteen feet
fa) length, ho would prove an ugly cus
totner, even with tho aid of steel and
hemp, backed by tbree strong men and
a big slake or log conveniently near at
hand, to take a turn around when the
•train proved too great.
Thus I figured out tho cost of battle,
■as wo went into camp that night. It
was late—too late on tbe tide to put
Out the big lines then. Ho we content-
•d ourselves, my man and I, with dis-
enssing our plans for the following
day, while wo carefully examined our
fishing  gear.
I'he streaks of early dawn found us
Op and on the move. Assigning to
Dave the tn»k of putting out and staking the big lines, 1 pushed on to the
•lnugli that separated the fishing
grounds from the main beach, and,
crossing waist deep, found myself on
the big reef known as Southest Break
or—a long, low sand b!
far out to sea aud which was covered
tht.  endless white  fringe of  pounding
straight out in front of us. This was
discouraging. As for mo, my legs gave
out and 1 was tired aud disgusted witb
lhe monotonous routine of throwing
out and winding up again, without a
single bite to encourage me. Where the
tish had gone to I knew not.
However, the water ou the bar was
not yet doop enough for bass, aud, after
all, we bad tbe whole day ahead of us
and the best of the tide to fish out. So,
with these cheering reflections, I retreated to higher ground, and, beiug
somewhat exhausted, sat ou my box
and dozed—lulled by tho soothing sound
of rippling water that unceasingly
swept iu and as unceasingly retreated,
carrying with tt the annoying little
minnows that viciously nibbled at my
whito toes as they lay half-submerged
in the soft sand and shallow water of
the reef. Fifty yards away, like a
statue cut out of ebony, stood Dave,
my faithful friend and servant, with
drooping head and closed eyelids—himself a victim to the seductive inllueuce
of the hour aud the narcotic effects of
the salt sea air.
Away out, somewhere in the mysterious depths of that great heaving mass
of waters, lay our lines. Armed with
six big Bteel hooks, each baited with a
mullet and anchored with greut sinkers
of some two pounds each, and se constructed as to withstand tho undertow
and thus keep the rig in position. Fearing that I might lose tny line by having
it jerked out of my hand during one of
my cat naps, I made a noose, through
which 1 inserted my baud; then, tight,
euiug it somewhat around my wrist, I
once moro gave way to the drowsiness
that for tbe last two hours bad taken
complete possession of me. Turning up
the collar of my coat to protect my
neck and throat, I endeavored to keep!
awake awhile—heartily wishing myself
ensconced amongst thc blankets of my
tent, nestling snugly amid the distant
snnd dunes of the Point. The crash
and roar of the breakers grew fainter
and more remote. My senses grew confused, and soon I was dozing soundly
—only to be ruthlessly awakened by a
jerk that almost dislocated tny arm.
The noxt moment I found myself pulled from my seat into the shallow water
and being rapidly towed to sea at a
rate tbat almost took away my breath.
At first 1 attempted to make a stand—
digging my toes into the sand and bracing for dear life. But I might just as
well have pitted my puny strength
against that of a tugboat us to attempt
to turn the big fish at the end of my
It did not take me a second to realize
what   had   happened.      I    had    hooked
many n shark, clam-cracker aud other
._ .      ,iV',n' heavy and hard-pulling fish frequenting
that   reached  ^ e0Mt.Hn0)    ,„„* nothing1   whos"
,lv  by the highest tides.    Gazing at  ■*""«**   *mh\ M>i;™cb   that   of  thi.
/endless  whTte   fringe  of   pounding   r*2 "'  ?mi,Nlfir that  *as  >.urely ami
breakers.  I   selected   the  calmest  spot,  »« ^ ukng me out beyond my depth
an.l.   whirling  my   heaw   sinker   throe; *,l!,rk  'r *«vU  ■■M«<W«B  from Mf
,       ..      h      J    ,       • t.     i   t u    i   i   town g powers—one was as bad a» th-
OT four times around my head, I hurled, %   „,,  h.{    .„   „   m,(.()l|,
it far out into the creamy white waters
of tht. shoal—there to stay until lifted
by some of the scaly inhabitants of the
Dave, having now finished his task
of putting out the shark lines, arrived
upon tbe scene. He was very much
corned at having soi ti the big spotted
fish, he said. Home distance down the
beach and heading our wny. He was
cure of trouble, for his right ear had
been ringing all the morning, "and
dat shore am an onfailing sign." Accordingly, as is the custom of the super
otitious blacks, he made n cross upon
the sands, spat upon his line, and heav
«d it far out—intent upon getting the
Ilrst bite and landing the first bass,
I now searched every Inch of the
white sweeping waste before me for tbe
big fins and mottled body of Spotted
Jaek; but, as it was still dark, I saw
nothing to alarm me; so hopefully surmised that he hnd taken some other
route—leaving us to enjoy our fishing
without Interruption.
The flood tide flowed in sluggishly,
taking a long time to cover the tail of
the reef and fill tbe slight depression
thereon, in which we expected to have
the best sport and catch the most fish.
Consequently we bad a long time, to
wait—patiently standing in the chilly
Water at four o'clock in the morning,
with a raw breeze blowing from the
southeast which penetrated the innermost recesses of tho body nnd caused
one to sigh for tbe sheltered seclusion
Cf the ever warm myrtle thicket nnd
protected sand dunes of the Point. This
■was a job for which wt had no liking,
and Dave showod signs of weariness as
ke rolled up his line and yawned,while,
walking to hia fishing box for the pur-!
pose of replacing the bait stolen by the
Ready-made Medicine.—You need
physician for ordinary ills when you
save nt hand a bottle of Dr. Thomas'
Eeleetrie Oil. For coughs, colds, sore
throat, bronchial troubles, it is invaluable; for scalds, burns, bruises, sprains
It is unsurpassed, while for cuts, sores,
nleers and the like it la an unquestionable header. It needs no testimonial
-other than the use, and that will satisfy
anyone ai to ita effectiveness.
itlter j^—^—-^—
Veiling for Davo, ami vigorously coi
testing every inch of my seaward join
ney took up all my spare time. \{\
'isii was fighting to gain deep wattii
while 1 strained every nerve in nn
butty to turn his head aud coax him
shoreward. The line cut into mv wrisi
tearfully, and 1 made several fruitiest-
tltciupts tu loosen up the slip knot, tun
never succeeding in accomplishing any
thing, gave it up and exerted all nn
strength in trying to part it. In
this I likewise failed. Things wen
now tuking a serious turn. Unless I
could detach myself from the Hue, I
wuuld surely be carried beyond my
depth aud drowned. Even uow, I wan
half strangled by thc ducking I got
every few m.mites; for tbe short rollers, racing shoreward, would hit me a
lap that would completely submerge
my entire body from hoad to foot. Then
I would pop up on the other side, only
to see a straight bar of white line cut .
ting deeply through the next wave—a j
line, too, made of our famous long-1
stapled Bea Island cotton, strong and
tough as a bar of steel wire. 1 groaned
iu spirit, for I well know that it would
cut tbrougb my wrist, even to tbe bone,
before there would part one fibre of the
lough and closely spun cotton curd. No
—there was uo earthly chance of its
parting. This I knew, and my heart
almost stopped beating as I thought of
what the very, next few minutes might
bring about. Dief Heavens! I could
not die with just a small line, a mere
cord, between me and freedom. Breuk
it 1 would, even If the blood (lowed
and tho flesh tore apart. Thoroughly
excited, I continued to yell at the top
of my voiee for Dave, hoping be would
come to my rescue. Deeper und deeper
grew the water, as the grout fish slowly
forced me out into the great swash of
big, choppy seas, each of which lifted
me clear of tbe beloved bottom and so
deprived me of foothold—my only
means of retarding hli seaward progress.
Turning my head to one side, to avoid
the fearful slap and buffet of an incoming wave, I caught sight of an object
struggling amid tbe flying spray aud
yelling ai only an excited bluck can
yell. Ahl the sweet music of those
yells I   Ohl thc love that wolled up in
''lhe first chance you get, Dave, for
Ood's sake give me the kuifel'
"Ves, Boss.    I  ready,  sab.    Shore,
fust chancel" he replied, as we doggedly fought aud tugged, while the cross
-cus uf the bank buffeted us about ad;
libitum,    tiiddy   from   the  whirl  and
-wish  of the ourushing breakers, oui
ueads swum and we felt weak aud faint
irom the strain of the heavy.pull.    Up
uid down the big reef we raced.   Out
to the surf line; then iu again wo worked  panting.    Now almost drowned  by
au avalanche of spray from some nn
perceived    wave;    anon    gasping   foi
oreath, as the salt spray would be fore
ed   iuto  our  heaving  lungs.    All  the
while losing ground, foot by foot we ad
■ anced  further into the great stretch
of moving, swaying green water of the
channel,  with   never  the  ghost  of  a
chance  to check  hiB outward ruu  and
.nuke a stand for eveu a moment.   Oh!
ror the knife in the darkie's handi    1
liad not time to reach for it and he Iobs
to let it go and  hand it to me.    My
left band was always employed in eas
iug the strain on my right wrist; other
wise the line would have soon cut cleai
through to thc bono.
Now a jerk throws us forward on our
races, far beneath the surface  of the
tido.    Dave  is the first  to  regain  his
teet  and  I  see him  fumbling  for tbe
weapon I am so anxious to possess.    1
muster up enough breath to shout out,
"(^uickl    Tho   knift!"    Then    down
again   we go  together.    A  moment  of
tearful  ear-ringing  and  agaiu  we  are
up, frantically coughing the water from
throat ami lungs,    i feel that this can
not   last   long.       "Try   for   turn   um.
Boss!    Try  for  turn  um!     We  gwiue
ter drown!" comes in gusps from my
Mikity companion, and I kuow that he.
too, ls failing.    Even now I am on tbe
ifllnt of giving up nnd quietly drown
ng, just us a poppy ur kitten would if
repeatedly pushed  beneath the surface
by the baud. ■ I feel weak and dazed.
But, even as I give up, my fish seem?
to weaken for the flrst time since hook
I.   The greut strain of a momont ag<
suddenly relaxes and the white streak
of line falls and disappears in the whirl
and sweep of white water that rashes
across the grout  bank;  my fish, to all
appearances,  has escaped;   but, experi
euced as  I am,  I  kuow tbe  contrary.
Xo such good luck!    He is merely run
niug iu with the line and in all probabi
lity will be amongst us iu a jiffy.    Ap
prehending beiug torn to pieces by his
sharp  teeth,  we  beat  a  hasty  retreat
shoreward — straining      waist - deep
against   the   undertow   and   making   a
fearful   outcry,   to   intimidate   him   if
possible.    Our  progress,  of  course,   is
slow aud  tedious,  while  bis would  bo
as swift as a swallow's.
Now, too, was my chance for cutting
my wrist clear. Calling for the knife
(which was handed me before the
words were out of my lips), I quickly
slashed tho stout cord and was ouce
more free. I had had enough fishing for
oue day; so I fought my way steadily
through, the surf for tbe beach, some
seventy five yards away and glistening
in the noonday sun.
Being now free, I direct my attention
tu lengthening our lines, thereby add
ing a hundred and fifty feet to my al
ready long rig ami proportionately in
creasing our chances uf lauding him
uifely ashore without tbe former risk
if being obliged tu follow him into
let p water. .My arm beiug also re
leased, I could let go when tbe
strain grew too great for my hands.
Ves; I was uow safe and bent ou revenge! With two lung Hues—some 350
feet—and my hand free, I felt sure
that he was mine. Nuw, catch him I
would. So, letting the coil drop in thc
tide, I grasped the end firmly and
awaited tbe outward rush that 1 knew
would eume, sooner or later, as he
shoaled. But the swash still separated
us from the mainland aud I felt I was
erowing tuo soon. Waist deep still,
with plenty of water to float a big fish
all around us and with my skin creeping and momentarily expecting the grip
of his powerful jaws, we struggled on.
Suddenly there arose close by u gieat
whirlpool of white water aud a cloud
of spray, out of which popped two enormous dorsal fins. A piercing yell from
Dave and a freezing of my heart's
blood! But just then, thank heaven!
something alarmed him, and he was oti
again—taking the slack as he goes out.
Out seaward lie darts, wliile we tug
and strain at the long line tbat burns
'  gnaws at our hands like heated
_,-.„ w««h im pea ne goeh
with remarkable rapidity, in spite ui
Mir united efforts—taking tbe sain oil
mr hauds with the slack as he flies.
"Dave," I cried, "haul in with all
your might! This is b:s last spurt.
Don't quit me now," I pleaded, aa tin
.ompuniou grumbliugly berated the hoi
lord which had burned into his tough
Ouce moro, waist-deep in the heaving
water, shoulder to shoulder  wo jostle
ind bump uach other.   Now jerked al
nost on our faces; now buffeted aboul
by the angry cross-sens that came it
hrees and fours, until I felt beaten and
ready to throw up the sponge iu des
pair, while Spoiled Jack sailed serene
ly through the green seas, apparently
is fresh as when first hooked. Thi
'iitiro length of two long lines had
been paid out; the water was getting
(toper; and it was now simply a mattei
>f tho strength of the harness. Stop
wo must—and stop we did. Stretch
itreteb, stretch! while we hung on ami
lug our toes into the soft sand of thc
■lottom. Would ho never stop? Minutes-
seemed like hours. I could not stand
it much longer, and still the line
stretched and grew taut ns a tiarpstring.
Our feet fairly plough the bottom, ah
we aro ruthlessly dragged seaward. Now
ve come in contact with Bome huge
•lippery obstnele, deeply imbedded in
he ever-changing quicksand of the
Inc. To this 1 cling witb a deathlike
grip and call upon Dave to do the same.
V quick turn around one of its projections and tbe job is complete.
"Dut stop um!" cries Davo, between
,'asps, as the mammoth shark swings
ddo on and makes a mighty dive—to
■onn vault high above the horizon lii:
Up! up! into the blue air he files. Tht.,
town again into his native element,
imidst a cloud of feathery spray, he
sinks from sight. Ouce moro we start
landward, across the vast expanse of
.eething water—waist-deep and pitting forth the best we bave in us.
taking in the slack as we hustled;
igaiu getting miserably entangled in
he heavy line that wound itself around
mr feet; staggering against oach other
i n our mad haste, and all the time
fearful of seeing two big fins and gog
gie eyes pop up again from the tumping foam around us. Now wo've oul;
i few ■»■"'■•- -*■— "    ~
neighbor happens to bo within fighting
However, It must   not   be   supposed
hat all insect conflicts are started in
.his way.   Battles which start through
ho bongs of insects aro always confine.
o one species, for there would be no
lexual rivalry, for instance, between a
■pidor and a grasshopper.
So far, from personal oh«er\ut
Havo found that the grasshoppoi
_y far tltr most irritable elntu of i
So far, from personal ob«er\ation, i
 ». *.,...- ua infects
imong themselves. Thoy seem to enjoy
■ghtii;g better thnn eating, and ire
[ueutly fight until each has lost one or
nore limbs, and sometimes until one
succeeds in killing tbe other. So great
s their interest in these deadly buttles
hat they will allow themselves to be
■ivkijil   up and carried  about, continu
;i'g the conflict
nost unconcerned
in  ony's  hand  in  the
wov unconcerned manner imaginable,
Tho katydids constitute the less quarrelsome members of the grasshopper
'amily. Their fights ara far and few
between, but extremely violent when
nice    ■^■"■♦■",     f  —'
. .-...ill.      WIII'll
ce started. I remember vividly a
ttie between two of the*« in—*-
vhich I witnessed aeVi
these   insects
vera] years ago.  It
 j.atB ngo.   Ji
lappened closo to tne edge of n small
patch of woodland whet 	
^^^^^-m^m~m-     „,p8 |0ft stand
i few yards; then the deep swash. Ugh!
hat deep water!    What might not be
vaitiug therein for usf Where was the
Ahl a jerk answers the question. Tho
line again runs out. Feebly this time—
giving us no trouble to check it. Yes;
there he is, slowly swimming in—worn
nit or drowned, as the fishermen style
t. Now, for the flrst time, we note his
huge proportions, as he shoals iu three
teet of good green wuter and rolls sluggishly about in the shallow sweep of
he surf Una, How the water flies, as
he raises his big tail aud brings it down
"Walt on de tide, Boss. We can't
uove um, sah," pants Dave, as he sits
it rest, while little rills of perspiration
i hase each other down his ebony cheeks
ind fall into the shallow sweep of sea
■round his feet. As for me, I am harmless. The reaction has set in, and I am
.lad to drop fiat on the hard wand beach
ind gasp for the breath that was so
badly needed in my exhausted lungs.
lhe question now arises, How to despatch him! We dare not approach
ihe fish; he is cross and still very much
ilive, and I would uot venture within
.on feet uf him, shoaled as he is, for all
:he money in the couutry. Ever and
igain he makes feeble efforts to turu
.(■award, but his day has come aud we
i re masters of the situation. Dave
proposes going to camp for tbe Winchester. A wise suggestion, to which I
end ily agree, aud atter a few minute?
lie is back again and anxious to shoot
the big fish, fur bo is fearful of its
getting away and equally desirous of
getting the liver to use as a charm
igainst evil spirits. So, taking a careful aim, he sends a bullet ploughing
lirough the big bead uud another iuto
ihe body. A few convulsive shivers,
ind thrashings uf tbe huge tail, attest
Dave's true eye and steady hund. I
uuw decide to leave the carcass where
it is until the receding tide should
leave it high and dry. Then, after
-t. freshing the inner man at camp, we
•"  *o  return   and   measure  our  prize
atch of woodland where several trees
ad been cut and the stumps left standing from two to three feet nbove the
ground, To the top of ono of these
■tumps a large katydid and bis mate
had crawled, perhaps to enjoy their
honeymoon. As I stopped to watch thoir
ictions for a minute, a third katydid,
teeing the happy couplo, and feeling
.mt.'whut jealous, shrieked an insult to
ihem from a nearby stump. The offend-
id insect nover tittered a sound, but,
leaving his mate, flew directly to the
dher stump, where a fierce conflict ensued, ending only when the insulting
nte hnd been torn to pieees by bis more
Powerful rival, much to the satisfaction
iif the female katydid.
Tbe most furious of all insect battles
take place between colonics of the
nound-building ant. Their huge nests
are situated close to the edges of shaded
wood paths, sometimes near together
■i nd at other times not within several
hundred feet of one another. Here the
same colonies will live, year after
tit peace or at war with
- ...I. one another,
until nature's own forces wipe them
out of existence. Picture to yourself
two of these cities equal in size and
population, and situated about one hun-
Ired paces from each other; observe
Iheir countless numbers, equal to the
population of two capitals. Tbs whole
space that separates tbem, of twenty-
four inches, appears alive with prodigious crowds of their inhabitants. The
following account was givon by M.
H uber of a battle which he witnessed
a great many years ago:
The armies meet midway between
tbeir respective habitations, and there
join battle. Thousands of champions,
mounted on more elevated spots,
engage in single combat, aud seize oue
another with tbeir powerful jaws; a
still greater number are engaged on
both sides in taking prisoners, which
make vain efforts to escape, as if
conscious of tbe cruel fnto which awaits
them when arrived at tbe hostile
formicary. The spot where the battle
most rages is about tbree feet in dimensions; a penetrating odor exhales
ou all sides, and numhcrB of ants are
here lying dead covered with venom,
while others, composing groups and
chains, are locked together by their legr
or paws, and drag one another alter
nately in opposite directions. Tbese
groups are formed gradually. At first
a pair of combatants seize each other,
and, rearing upon their hind legs, mutually spurt their acid; then, closing,
they fall aud wrestle in the dust. Again
recovering thoir foet, each endeavors to
drag off his antagonist. If their
strength be equal, they remain imraov
able until a third gives one tbe advan
tage, tioth, however, nre often sue
cored at the same time, nud the battle
still continues undecided; others take
part on each side, till chains are formed
of   six,   eight   or   sometimes    ten,    all
Serlona Condition Believed by Zam-Buk
Mr. Jas. Davey, 786 Elliee Avenue.
\Vinulpeg, says: "A few mouths since I
was cured of a poisoned finger through
the timely uso of Zam Huk. 1 cut a
deep gash across tbe knckkle uf the
right hand, in opening a lobster can
one evening, J suffered at tho time with
tbe soreness und puiu .byt had uo idea
it would become a serious wound. However, in about two daya I was greatly
alarmed, us my wbole bund nnd arm to
lie elbow became inflamed, aud the finger was mueh discolored, showing signa
jf blood-poisoning. The pain was dread-
Pul, and I was forced to leave off my
work and go homo.
"The wound ou thu knuckle hnd beea
poisoned through tho dust and dirt
about tbo furnaces and boilers, I then
decided to start the Zam Buk treatment
and, having first bather the cut, I applied tho healing balm. It soothed tha
pain almost immediately, and the uext
lay there wns a great improvement, la
<t week's timo, through perseveraucc
witb Zam-Buk, a complete cure waa
brought about."
Scores of similar cases could be quoted, and the wisest precaution is to keep
u box of Zam-Buk bandy and apply it
immediately a cut, or bum, or bruise
is sustained.
/mn Huk will also be found a sure
cure for cold sores, chapped hands, frost
bite, ulcers, eczema, blood poison, varicose sores, piles, sculp sores, ring-worm,
inflamed patches, babies' eruptions ana
chapped places, cuts, burns, bruit
skin   injurio"
 i and
os generally.    All   druggists
and stores sell at 50c. box, or post free
from  Zam-Buk   Co.,  Toronto,   upon   «-
eeipt of price.    Refuse  '
imitations and
uid press into place. In case of a pulley, draw the leather around tightly af
possible; lay uud chimp.
rPHE power pulley it. an electrically
X. operated winch recently designed
to enable quick coaling of warships. Apart from its original destination it may, however, be used for a
multitude of other purposes both on
lund and ou board ship.
This pulley is designed for u load of
sixty pounds at a lifting speed of sia
feot per second. Four seconds arc
thus required for lifting the whole
basket to a height oi* twouty-tliree feet
—taking iuto account the acceleration
iu starting and the slackening iu stopping. The motor is sufficiently strong
to stand temporary overloads up lo one
hundreds  pounds.
Apart from its simplicity iu operation, und bigb working speed, the power
pulley is especially valuable because of
its ease of transport, tjte more so as oa
tbe modern ships of the Dreadnought
type the deck should be cleared as far
"Let go, Boss! for flora 'mighty *s
sake, let go! He too much for me!"
pleads Dave, disheartened at tbis uew
But I refuse to quit; my blood is up
and I am determined to figbt it out to
a finish. For a second I get a glimpse
of his ugly body as be glides through
:i great, glassy roller—only to he lost
the next moment iu n seething smother
of foam as the big sea breaks. What a
benst he is! and so hideously mottled!
Ugh! the sight of his baleful goggle
eyes and shovelling snout! Out, out
to the end of 850 feet of good stout
line he swims, churning the sea into
foam ss he feels the check. Ah! now
he starts shoreward again and wc poll
him in quickly, doing our best to get
him shoaled. This time I feel sure he's
ours—but again he stops, working the
dead weight tactics on us and refusing
to   budge  a   single   inch. Ere  long   be
Unless worms bb expelled from tbe
system, no child can be healthy. Mother
Graves' Worm Exterminator is the best
medicine extant to destroy worms.
lied, Weak. Weary, Watery Wren.
Relieved By Murine i.ye Kcmeuy. . ry
Murine For Vour Eyo Troubles. Vo.i
Will Like Miir.n*. Il Sooth*a. Wc vi
Vour Druggists- Write For Bye Hooks.
Free.   Murine Kye Kemody Co., Toronto.
ind, if possible, remove the lower jaw,
to take home as a trophy of war.
In twu huurs we are baek, to find
our fish sonifc twenty feet ou dry lamb
He is a monster all right, and curiously mottled, beiug ditlereut from any
specimen I have ever seen. His jaw
I hacked away, and succeeded iu laying
open my hand in two places while doing su. He had evidently strayed afar
from his native waters—probably the
Oarrlbeau sen or tlulf of Mexico—and
had taken up bis abode around our Ashing grounds, I should have liked to
weigh the body, us hi: appeared to have
the girth of a small pony, and, npou
measuring, proved to be sixteen feet
five Inches—a length twice as great as
any usually met with around our coast.
There are no doubts of his having been
able to drown ub both, within ten
minutes of our hooking him, had the
hooks not entered high up in bis upper
jaw, very close to the shovel-shaped
part of the head—a place known to
every fisherman as a tender spot in a
shark's head. This chance hooking.
I believe, saved my life, as he was nut
able to put forth a half of the prodigious strength at hia command and
thus got worn out by his own exertions.
Since then, T have never attached
my line to any part of my person. One
such experience is certainly enough for
me, and I have learned wisdom at the
cost of a nerve-racking adventure.
TIIE insect world sounds peaceful
enough when the whole earth vibrates with Its monotonous suugst
yet tbese insect melodies which make
the summer days seem so drowsy und
peaceful to the human mind arc, in ron
lity. making Insect life what it is „tlv
i-outinual civil wnr. These songs an
prompted by deadly sexual rivalry, and
a merry tune will often end In the
singer'a   death   if  his  more   powerful
„,... .,. .»...!.uiicB ien, an
hooked together, and struggling pertinaciously for the mastery. The eqni
librium remains unbroken until a number of champions from tbe snme nest
arriving at once compel them to let go
Iheir hub), and the single combats recommence. At the approach of night,
each party gradually retires to its own
ity; but before the following dawn the
•i.mbjit is renewed with redoubled fury,
uid occupies'a greater extent of the
ground. These daily fights continue
until heavy rains separate the combatants, and they forget their quarrel, and
•once  is   finally  restored 1
The anger of honey bees is frequently   excited   against   tlieir   own   species,
•unity  n   mortal   combat   taking  place,
•niiietilues   witbiu   the  hive,  sometimes
villiout.   During these battles the bees
like the grasshoppers, uro so eager, that
it   is  impossible  to stop  them  without
administering   a    comparatively     hard
blow of tho hand.    Tbeir one object io
these civil broils is to pierce their etie
inies  with  their  stings,  the  stroke  of
which,   if   it   once   penetrates   to   tbe
muscles,  is  mortal.    The  conqueror   Is
not always able to extricate his weapon
titter  one  of  these  engagements,  and,
when   this   is   the   case,   both   insects
perish,   (ietieral actions sometimes take
luce between two full swarms.
Friendly   intercourse   will   sometimes
revail between the bees of two differ
nt .hives   for  scvernl  days  at  a  time,
but   sooner   or   later   une   will   become
rrltfltod  with  the other,  and  again  a
Iriidly buttle will be the result uf tbe
.veil-meant friendship.
"Many death struggles take plaee be- j
iween insects of different families. The'
nud wasp  stores  her  nest   with  young
spiders for her own young to feed upon;
but  let  the littlo spiders grow up, let
tbem build their powerful webs, and if
a   wasp  becomes entangled  among  the
silken   strands  a   battle   ensues   which
results in the wasp's death more often
tban the spider's.
So it goea throughout the insect
world, the strong preying upon the
weuk aud the cunning upon the simple.
us possible for military operations,
Tbe motor is started by a simple
switch without a starting box. A simple
device allows tbe book when empty to
be lowered as fur as desired, so that
packages at any depth may be reached.
A RECENT flood in the Ohio Rivet
drove   the   big,   grey   river   rati
from   its   shores   and   retaining
walls through sewers to the stores and
residences  of   Middleport,  Ohio.
The morning after the tlood bad
reached its highest point, a stream of
water broke thruugh the ceiling of a
meat shop in that town frum a residence above. A hurried investigation
showed that a rat had gnawed away
mure thuu half of u two-inch lead pipe
leading to a sink above. The cuttinga
were left on tbe ceiling whero tbe rat
hud firm footing and a good place to
work. Evidently the rat was after the
grease lining the inside of the pipe,
To reach that it was but necessary to
cut a small hole in the pipe. Why did
ihe rut go un and cut the pipe mure
ihau half iu two ami for eeverol incbee
up and down/
A careful examination of the section
itf damaged pipe shows conclusively
but the rut went at the job in a
wurkiniiulike way. After cutting a
hole thruugh to the cavity, it cut from
each side with upward strokes from
ihe lower jaw, each stroke of the sharp
teeth leaving distinct marks.
UJHRS a young mau proposes yoi
should   always   be   careful   and
test   bis   love,"  cautioned   tba
conservative chaper,ou.
"But 1 go one better, auutiel" twittered the pretty girl.   " Du you seo thia
tiny bottlef"
"Ves.   Does it contain perfumef"
"No; it contains acid. I test tbe engagement ring.."
rPO glue loat htr to iron, paint the iron
t wilh some kind of lead color—
say white leud and lamp01. ck
A'hen dry, cover with a cement mud's follows: Take tbe best glue proem
ible; souk it in cold wnter till soft
hen dissolve in vinegar with a model
ite hent, anil add one-third of its bnh
if white pine turpentine. Thorough!,1
nix, uud by means of vinegar make i*
he proper consistency to be sprtad with
i brush. Apply the cement while kot.
draw thc leather oa or areuad quickly,
Mrs. Julien Painchaud, for seven yean
a suflered, finds quick relief and
complete cure in Dodd's Kidney
Whit worth, Temlscouata Co., yue..
Nov. 28 (Special)—With the»uomiug of
winter the ravages of Kidney Disease
are again felt in this province, and tba
fact that a sure cure is vouched for ia
this village is news worth giving to the
world. Mrs. Julien Painchaud is tha
person cured, and she states without
hesitation that she found her cure la
Dodd's Kidney Pills.
"For seven yours my heart aud Kid*
neys botherod me," Mrs. I'aincbaod
states, "I was always tired and ner*
'ous. I could not sleep. My limbs were
heavy and I had a dragging sensation
across the loins. My eyos had dark
crlclot under tbem and were puffed and
swolleu. I was so ill I could hardly
drag myself around to do my housework.
"A neighbor advised me to try
Dodd's Kidney Pills, and I found relief
m the Irst box. Hix boxes made me per
feetly well."
If you hare any two of Mrs. Pais*
chaud 'a symptoms your Kidneys ara
liseaetd. Cure them and guard against
serious, if not fatal results by
_U,sr.\ I
Jf.rtiishitiJ Establishment
The Big Store
V. <j I iave just received a full line
of Cushion Tops, in all dainty designs and patterns. Prices range
from 40c. to $2.00.
We are showing Centre Pieces,
Tray Cloths, Table Covers, Pillow
Cases and Towels, stamped in
dainty patterns on best quality of
Stamped Blouses and Corset
Covers in line Nainsook; assorted
designs, 45c. to 75c.
Come in and look through these
lines and you will be sure to see
something you want.
TAKE NOTICE that Phava receiver! olijeotiuiw in writing to tho rebut,
tion of the following namea on the'BegUter of Voters for the COMOX
ELECTORAL DISTRIOT on the grounds Haled helow
Asd Taku Notic* thnt at a Court of Uovlson to ho held on the 20ihday of
Mav, 1012, at the Court llmtae, Ountherlnnd, at ten ooloolt in the forenoon
I shall hear and determine thu said ohjoolions, and uuless such named
persons or some other Provinoial voter on their behalf satisfies me that
sueh ot'jfctiona are not wull founded, I shall strike such names off the said
.Ions Haiku, Registrar of Voters
Dated this I'.'th day of April, 1912.
The following persons nro reported absent from the Distrio;
11 Aitohison, Thomas
16 Alexander, Jttbn
87 Andrews, William James
46 Armstrong, Willierl Frank
SBUshley, Hnrnld Ortushy
112Beeoh.  Jonathan
114 Belalr, Joseph
177 Bowle?-, .1 Una's Samuel
226 Buokley, LJliilip
818 ('ha|iinan, Alexander
BOSCowie,  David
:|li(.) Cowlin, Charles
87f Crafter, Gilhert /lifted
B82 Creech, Richard K.
420 Davis, Leonard
480 Duy, Jitines S.
445 Denton, John
402 Dobson, Stephen F.
nl2Ullis, Charles John
5:t0Faulds, Alexander
671 Proser, John
ol'.i Pulton, /lrthur C,
602Gatz. Alolph
009 Gibson, George Roy
080Glennon, William Kdward
641 Gordon, Horry
670Grieve, Henry Isaac
7a) Hamilton. Angus
789 Harwnod, Julm
758 Hawkins, Charles Henry
772 Hayes, Joseph
707 Hillier, William Thomas
815 Hudson, Richard Henry
8V4 Hood, John
877 Hutchinson, John
069 Kesley, John
1077 .MacFarlane, Adulhert
105() Little, Francis Demi
Sin In k ft Ll
COURTENAY, B.C., Next to Opera House
And White Help Only Everything First Class
The Right Place for a Cood Square or A DAINTY LUNCH
in S,
1 «().->
1Of 0
I sec,
Maekie. John
Mills, Bobeit
McBride, Robert Albeit
McCaw, George
McDonald, Daniel
McGuire, Jnmes
McLean, Arthur S.
McNiven, John
Palmer, John Thomas Edward
Pidcoolc, Willinni E.
Pollock, John ii.
I'npham Home C. V.
Iieiii, Samuel
Rogers, John
Homo, Ole
Slater, William
Smith, urorge C,
Sollan, Mioheal
Sutton, /lll.ert
Sultun, Frederick Jumps
I'eed, Harlan
.Vehstiir, Kobert. Dunn
Williams, Gwilyn P.
New England Hotel, Cumberland
Lot 168, Mlnto, Comox
Section 18, Comox
Heriot Buy
Lot 12, Vulttes Island
Lnt 179, Comox
Union Hay
Mud Dny, Comox
; Sandwick
I Snnd wh k
Lot I GO, Comox
Lot 88, See. 01, Courtenay
Lot li, Nelsnn District
Lot 8", Comox
Allrn .Ivenue. Cumberland
Union Hotel  Union
Lot 163, Comox
I Heriot Buy
Denman Island
Lot KiJ, Comox
Section 6, Nelsnn .District
Cape Lnzo
Union //nte], Union
//eriot Bay
Main Street, Union
Cortez Island
Grant it Co. Farm, Comox
Union Bay
Mnrvport avenue, Cumberland
Qtiathisaka Cove
Lot 208, Comox
//ornby Island
Union //otel, Union
Read Island
Surge Nnrrows
lot 202, Comox
//ornliy Island
//ornby island
//ornby Island
//urnby Mull rl
iV-". si
P. O. Box 100
Phone 10
ST0!>E3   J
Late J. N. McLeod
'HIS Store will be extended and several new
departments added, and will shortly reopen with a large and complete stoc* of everything
appertaing to a general business, and will be run
on the lines of
Good Meals Comfortable Rooms
Fragrant Cigars    Choice Liquors
Courteous Treatment.
The following persons arc reported de
.III™, Wilfred C.
Baker, Charles N.
Bellamnre, fssadore
1516 l'eteb, Tl s Chambers
Wallace, .(nines
EJol'SWJ Sue. 34, Crier. Islnnd
Sec. 20, Salmon River
Elk Bay
Shushartie Bnv
TO RENT.—Nice quiet rooms, Apply to Mrs. C. A. Walker, Cumberland, 90-3
Notary Public Conveyancer
Ileal Estate and Insurance, Fire,
Life, Accident, Plate Glass,
and Automobile.
Accounts Collected
See BICKLE for all kinds of Insurance.
(Late Mennie & Potter)
Horse-Shoeing and
General Blacksmith
Wheel-wright, Repair Shop and
Rubber Tire Setting.
THIRD ST.   Cumberland
5 and 10 ACRE BLOCKS
of good lend, mostly alder, less limn
(,ne-imlf mile Iiimh new mine, No. 8.
$100 mi mn'; onh-third cash, 0 and
12 months,    A|>)>ly
Agent, olliee next Royal Bunk,
Dunsmuir Ave.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the world
highest current rate* allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   -   -      OPEN DAM '
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
Wm. H. Hoff,   Manager.
Cement Blocks, Concrete
Chimney Blocks a Specialty, Samples can been
atMcKean & Biscoe store,
For Estimates   and  particulars
J. Lawrence,
FOH SALE—3J miles from 'Cum-
berland, 20 acres nf extra good land,
good for either fruit or vegetal ilea.
Will sell either whole or divide in 10
acre blocks, 16 acres olenred, Apply
N.HARVEY. Happy Vnlley.
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations
COAL mining tights of the Dominion
in Multiloba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
iheYukcnTuriiiory theN- rth weit Terri
torie" nnd in a p- rtimi * f ilw Province of
British 0' imiibia, may be leaned for a term
i if i wrni y -ni. e yearn ai mi ami nal rental >d
81 an acre. Nit more than 2.&00 acres
.Mil bn leaned tn ono Applicant.
Application for a lease urns' bu made by
the applicant iu person in tne Agent or sub
Vgetitof the district io which the righU
applied fur are situated.
In surveyed territory ttie land muat ho
described by sectinns,orlegalsubdivinons
uf seotions, and iu unsuiveyed ienit(»ry
tho tract applied for shall be staked cut by
theapu ic'tu liiinaelf.
Each appboatiun timnt be icenmpanied
bj afr-e • f .*""> which will be refunded if the
lights npplied for are not available, but imt
otherwise A royalty shnll be paid on tin
nerohHUtableou'piit of ibe mine at the
rate < f live Celltfl pot  t n.
Tiie person operating the mine shall
furnish the Ag< nt wiih sworn returns ac-
oun'ing for tlu full quantity of me roll
airablecoslmined and pty the royalty
ihen on. If tbe coal iiiminif rights are
tint beins oparatPtl SUCli ret inns shall he
ruruished at least mice a year.
The leaieaill Inouide i'e e. al minin.
rights only, but the I sheenmy b» permit
ted to purchase whatever availab'e aur
face rights may be considered necessary
t'or the w rkiiu(nf the mineac the rate of
For full information application should
lie made tti the Secretaiy of the Depart*
■iieiii t»f the Inlet ior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent urSub Ay- nt • f I) iininion Lauds.
w w. coity,
Deputy Minister of the Interior,
N.U- UnauthoiiK il publication of this
advettihHiueut will not be paid for.
FOUND-On beach, mw-hottj keel 15
et; beam 5 feet; built hy Turner, Van
ennver.    Apply
Notice iS hereby  pven   thnt   the
City Pound By-law will  in  future be
enforced.   Milch cows only, are allow-
d lo run   at   large from  seven in the
torning until eight in ihe afternoon
f eacll day. By order of City Council,
A. McKinnon, City Clerk,
City Hall, April ftlh, 191a
SEALED TENDERS addressed to
the Postmaster Qenertd. will be received at Ottawa until noon on Friday,
the 31st day of May, for the conveyance of His Majesty's Mails, on a proposed contract for four yeurs, at the
frequency dcacsibed in tho notices issued, between CUMBERLAND
[ES CO. LTD., from the 1st July
Printed notices conaaining further
information as to conditions of proposed Cuntract may bepeen and blank
forms obtained at the Post Otlice of
CUMI1ERLAND and at the otlice of
the undersigned.
Po$t Office hiapetitor'a Office*
Victoria, H. C, IM April, 1912*
E   11. I'l.hTCIlKR,
P. O. Inspector.
Notice is hereby given tlmt all direct
connections of Hush closets with the
eity sewers is strictly forbidden. Any
person or persons using Hush closets
must provide septic tanks, the overflow
of which nmy be connected with the
city sewers.
By order of the City Council,
A. MeliLYXOX, City (Jterk.
City Hall, April Oth, 191$!,
KOR BALK—Ten pigs, fi weeks old,
at.00 each, ijpply Albert Mian,
//ornby Island.
Purebred Rhode Island Reds,$l BOpr
dozen. 3, Pure bred Single Comb,
White L-ghorns, #1.00 dozen. All egga
guaranteed ft rtile, Apply,I Laurence
Comox, B. C.
FOR SALE-8J miles from Cum-
berland, 68 acres of good land; 18 acres
slushed; sehool on tho upper corner
good road to place; and would be easily
subdivided. 4pply N. HARVEY,
Mialo Distriot, t'or tonus.


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