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The Islander Nov 18, 1911

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Array FOR GOOD Warm Pure
Wool, Blankets and Comforters, try        _
"'&,,   %%Ar>JES" NEW
fcv *1 V   '  -nd Belts,
C.     jZ  ,
.Vf.7, ii'i t:r timi'cd at
Slew Shirts and
arrived at
Bernardo Eosetti Died
at the Hospital last
Ou Iut Tuesday alteri oon,wfcile 00
Ihe alternmn shilt io No. 4 mine, a
fatal accident oocurred in wbiata Bernardo Rose! ti reoeit ed fatal in juries
Irom a fall ol roof ooal, which broke
hii back, tbe spine beiug brolen io
■any places.
He was immediately taken to the
hospital and everything possible done
to relieve his sufferings end prolong
bis life, bot to uo avail. He failed to
to revive and on Wednesday night, at
11:46, succumbed.
Tbe funeral was largely attended by
sorrowiug friends and relatival.
Beautiful Neck wear- The seasons very Newest Styles at Campbell Bros.
We have just learned of the death
of Jobn Oreenway, who net hii death
by being crushed between two ear; on
Ihe Comox Logging company's train.
The remain! will be interred in Nanaimo and will be lent down on tonight's boat, The Fraternal Order of
Eaglet, of wbicb the deceased was a
member, will take ebarge of the body.
We received some intereitiog items
from our Courtenay corresponden>,boi
nulortunatfly, owing to receiving
them too late, .we are compelled to
leave them over till next issue.
Don't forget, tbat wben yon wanl
any oleaning, dyeing or repairing, lo
give your order to W. H. Thwaites,
who ii located in tbe McLeod building
nexl to tbe eandy store. Nothing loo
■mall lo reoeive the strieteil attention
and pricee are reasonable.
Born— On November 16th, to tbe
wife of Mr. John Lockner, a daoghttr.
Mr. Elijah Smythurst and his gang of
Chinamen returned from Brown's River
this week, where tbey have been clearing
the road for the diamond drill; but owing
to the large amount of snow out there,
Mr, Smythurst decided to quit work and
reside in town till the fine weather starts
•gain.   "Lige" is looking as thin as ever.
iiti.mof the ?Oth Centuiy, The Musical
Regans, will be here. They will bo seen
in some of the most sensational rapid
lire black face song and dance work ever
seen on a stage. Special arrangements
have been made to handle tbe enormous
orowdi that will attend those entertainment!. The hall ii always comfortable,
the mule excellent and one specially
noticeable feature is lhat tha patrons are
never annoyed with that ear-splittng
noise so common in country moving pic
tura>howe and sometimes called music.
Miss Reynolds, being a musician, alwaya
arranges the music so as to ke in perfect
sympathy with Ihe pictures. It ia alio
noticeable that the objectionable flicker
so often seen in old pictures is entirely
eliminated, aa nothing but the very beet
pictures are shewn at this place of
>■   —A-A-
On Sunday the 19th inst., the charter of the above order will close and
aftei that date the entrance fee will lie
in the neighborhood of 120.00. Those
desiring to join this up-to date organization as Charter Members, and thus
take advantage of a small entrance fee
must put in their applications on or
before the 10th inst. On that date a
meeting will be held at 7:30 p. m. in
K. of P. hall, at which all members
will attend.
Mr, Charles 8. Morris, Organizer,
will be in attendance for the last time
after wbicb he will proceed to other
cities for tbe purpose of organizing the
B. P. I, Order of Lions.
Mr. Morris, under adverse circumstances, bas made an unqualified sue
cess of liis work, and through liis en
ergetic efforts a large number uf oui
prominent citizens have joined the older, and applications for fresh members are coming in in a most gratifying manner. This order will, ere long
become one of the strongest and most
popular in the dsstrict.
<-H|ilinn prim Jl.gQ
por year
City  Fathers Met  in
Eegular Session on
Monday Eve.
The regular meeting if the City
Council was held on last Monday evening and the following were present:
Alderman Banks, Maxwell, Parnham
and Mayor McLeod.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read, adopted and signed.
Constable Gray's report wns as follows:
Night Watchman $ 42,50
Scavenger  H2.50
Hall rent    4000
tto»<l lax     1000
Police Court    18.00
Scavenger buckets      2.00
It was moved and seconded that
householders be notified that sidewalks
be cleared of snow according to bylaw. The penalty for. not complying,
not to exceed $26.00.
A motion from Alderman Parnham
A I.i......
•s   li,-   no .
snow musl noi  B    thrown   f   in   1  1
ro fs of back pr nu - ... jute   tli   al     s
Tin- motion carried.
The following accounts wero preset! ted:
Estimate on sidowalks 8   15.00
Telephone 60
Electric light      86.25
A. McKinnon        6.00
R. Orant k Co      20.43
Colliery Company        4.00
A. H. Peacy      27.00
Sewerage to Oct. 80th  2,802.82
The estimated cost of cement sidewalks is $125.00 for every 60 feet of
Alderman Banks reported one of the
hydrants out of order. Same will
have immediate attention.
There being no further business the
Council adjourned.
Hankerchiefs--A good variety,
plain and initial; also a large line
of socks in all shades at Campbell
Mr. and Mrs. Barry Williams ral u nod
home from Duncans by last Tuesday's
Mc. Jim Piercy, of Dcnm v I«l. ■ ,d spept
the week end with hia ais-ei Mre. Robert
Cessford of this city.
Dollars to be Expended by Canadian Colliers company Ltd,
Cumberland District Next Vear.
The Coming Week will
be the Banner week
in Attractions at
the(City Hall.
This evening the greatest and mott
elaborate picture ever produced will be
seen at the City Hall entitled The Fall
of Troy, this film comes in two reels and
aud is beautifully colored making tbe
meat nmgiuflicent production ever attempted in motography. During this entertainment Miss Reynolds the popular soloist will sing "The Flower Seng" from
Faust. On Monday and Tuesday eve
ninga the management expects to break
all records when Mr. H, L. Bates and
Miu Reynolds will be heard in a comic
opera selection entitled "The Gipsy
Countess," ^aud as both have sung in
Grand Opera before, this will be quite
a treti for the patrons of this house*
From Wednesday to Saturday, Tha Stn-
Gloves--A large assortment of a)
kinds wool gloves, kid gloves, ftu
gloves, also a wide range of woik
mens glove at Campbell Bros.
Wa iiavs just paid a visit to Mr. B
Aston's store which he haa ree. nth
fitted up with an up.to-date stock ol
>welry of all descriptions. Mr. As
ton has named bis store 'The Jewe
Box" and indeed the name is most appropriate, fur it is a jewel box, a.-
tiiere is nothing that he hasn't got in
the tine of jewelry, watches, clocks,
etc., in fact everything that would
mnke a most suitable Christmas gift
and at most reasonable pries. It'wili
repay anybody to visit this model
little atore snd see whut Mr. A'ton
has, and also get his prices before going elsewhere.
A farmer living in the Wen, in -
moment of weakness the other day ble*
in twenty five centsat a departmental store
for a hat for his wife. On returning he
was overcome with remorse, thathe wen'
out to the barn and did ihn Haman aci
from one of the emu-beams. The hired
man happening along just before the
curtain dropped ou the scene prnm'ly cm
he old hayseed down, he revived am
apparently|repented hia rashness. At th.
end nf the week he sacked the hired mai
fnr not untying tbe rope instead of ruin
ing it by outting it.
Mr. Victor Bonora's new hotel ls near
ng completion.   He intends naming tb
hotel the "King George."
What might have turned out tn he
mint ditasterout occurence latt week luc>-
ily did not   materahie.   The   p.ad
magasine at No. 5 pit head was destiny, il
by fire laat week, and al' h.wgli a ootislde
able quantity of ixpl sir ... » ..   ,n
building   ai   hi     in...     '  :..   a
■A Payroll Of 106,211.42 dlsLars-
ed In Cnmberland
The Canadian Collieries, Lid., will ex
pend $1,600,000 in new equipment and
nther improvements during the next IL'
months in ita Cumberland coal fields on
Vancouver Island. Work is now under
way. Messrs. Gratit Smith & Oo.'have
juat been awarded a contract for developing a water power at a coat of 1600,000,
f r furnishingebicnicd power fur running
tbe mines and operating the company's
raitruad.from Cumberland to Union Bay.
It ia proposed to develop 21,000 hone-
power. Tbe contractors now bave 2C0
at work.
W .ri 0" »n 800-f ot «' sfi hsfi berc
commenced, and il is said 150 men
will shortly be added lo the force and
toy next anmmer 800 men will be at
Work on tbis opening aloue.
Tbs output of eoal for tbe month of
October wat the largest ol tbe year
reaohing a total ol 64,H6 lorn and lo
day Ibere it being paid on! at Ibe
Bank ol Commerce ia Cumberland,
Iht second riehetl bank in Canada, a
payroll of $106 21142 in payment foi
the mining of tbis ooal.
Tbere will be great activity in thi
Cumberland distriot the o n.iug year
Two atore drills sre new al work,
which means the eventual opening of
two more mines. Witbont doubt the
Collieries Hoe of road will be changed
•o aa eleetrio line. The 0 P. B. will
be pnsbiog tbe construction of its extension Irom Nanaimo to Courtenay
with tbe erection nl huge uew docks
al Union Bay its leaee of preset: t dick
privileges having txpind.
It it taid on good authority tlin:
tbe iron prospects neat tl wn urn lo t„
exploited next yt^ar and h ttee) work*
ereeted at Uolou Bay. Tbese inn
prospects are known io com in |arei
bodies of high grade iron ore.
l I'd
r t
<t net 1}
.  S"
" '"''1
' IH....T
'I'll K
i   ililfll
IV o
if   th
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Kiijr :
rs, f<»
■  wo
rn rf>||rrjiT
MM]} buiwlfil
Cumberland Choral So
ciety Will Make
First Bow.
The Cnmberland Choral Sooiety in-
'end giving a grand saored concert on
Sunday evening snd, judging from the
program, wblcb it a lengthy one, aod
fiom favorite soloists taking part,
Ibere it no reason Why the concert
sbonld ool be well patronised, especial
ly ae tbfs is the initial ons.
Following is tbe program:
Hymn Everybody
Praise God from Whom All
Blessings Flow.
Anthem Chorus Union
The King's Business.
Solo A. Pearson
Eternal Father
Duett...Miss McKenzie* G. Grindle
Drifting Away from God
Solo Miss Reynolds
Glee as a Bird.
Solo B. Irish
Rocked in the Cr ilie of the Deep
Anihem ...Choral Union
The Song of the Soldier.
Solo .Miss McKenzie
A Sweeili Solemn T.iougbt.
Sol ■  ....1J. Lewis
Recitation         M   MacFurlune
itithem             ... On ,-.-i! U'ion
Songs in the Xi^'lil,
lirilo          . il.   tlui-kelliv
ek's i
Inn   It.
licit- ff
i.Mh;ii    -liunlil    I im      , .
I- in ll.i- uini.vu in J..I
Keeks issue, for we cnn connciuiinious-
lv state tlmt we wore "strictly up
ngainst the real thing," and that wns
that the prn.«s refused to print, aud
consequently, by being delayed, we did
not put ia tbe time to correct our typographical errors as referred to in the
News of last Wedneaday. But the
mistaket did not happen on account of
"•onie tenderfoot wandering into the
otBoo -with a bottle of unwatered bonz-
Attractive pleasingglftboxes con
taining neckwear aad ouspenders
and other suitabl articles, they
woul be appreciable as giftsto Old
Conntry found at Campbell Bros.
A new line of Stetson and hard
stiff bats to hand this week at
Mr. George Grieve of Comox is seriously ill with typhoid fever in Kamloopi B. C.
Mr. P. Maobln of Comox, met with a
serious accident last week having his leg
broken by the kick of a borse. He is
being attended tn at the hoapital.
The moving pictures in the Cumberland hall ara still of their high stand-
.nl of » xcellence, and continue to draw
good hoi ises
Mr. Win. Baikie was the guest of Mr.
and M rs.  Robert Cessford this week.
The United Mme Workers nf America
will hold a meeting in Cumberland Hall
tomarmw afternoon at 1.30 p, in prompt.
Thanks friend Newt for|thn prominence
yon gave ua in last Wcdne'day'.- issue.
J'nv Hands
■ tie.   M '
e Vui,.,- Chni-ii
t."ll iol
The Lord
is  Jly.Shj.pliM
lll' occasion of a Conservative gath
g in Victoria: "Mr. Eberts intra.
''I Mr. Lochrane, the Scotch come-
'linn; (J)is gentleman proved an adinir-
aWe'etitoi'tftiner, and for more than
half .iu hour ki.pt i li„ audience in con.
vulsions wii I, his wetly anecdotes and
stor.es. The applause whieh groeted
his efforts shewed the hearty appreciation of the audience."
At a recent conservative jollification
in Victoria the Evening Times had to
Say: "Mr. Will Lui-lirane outdid all
the other artists in popularity, in fact
the audience refused to hear anyoi e
else till the Scotch enrnio, who was
eonyulsing his hearers, had satisfied
them with frequent encores. This is
one of Loohrane's greatest triumphs
-ince ho started on his concert tour..
At the evening concert Locbrane's local compatriots ttiriietl outjin a huge
body and accorded him one of the
finest receptions of his life and one that
would have done credit to a King.
Thoy applauded his efforts to the echo
and would not let him quit the slage."
The reserved seats for this concert
are 75c. only. Other tickets 50o-
Children 20c.
..c. jrisi,
Glibrul I'ni n
Faco i.
Closing Hymn Evei
Lead Kindly Light.
' Accompanist, C. Parnham,
Leader, J Lewis.
Doors open 8 p, m.   Collection will
be taken up on entering.
Chairman: His Worship, the .Mayor.
H. C. BHOWN, Secretary
CitUt ttJliH)'  Wftfl
tuts fire Inal  Kut t
cou pied l>y »
l.urnud to r,,»' i i <
vnrj- quiet
twili tLu uu
ho scene of :\ ditmt* r-
tt urday m 11 intr, ■■■■ cabin .
rw-il loii wn   citizi ii   uhs
m umi.
i mst Inw pnt tin* j j rid-1
,tiii( tilings Ir'Vi' la' ii,
Uii  line.    Oh, you   man |
Rare Treat for our Citizens on Thursday
Nov.   23d.
Next Wednesday night, the 22nd,
in the Courtney Public Hall, and
Thursday night, Nov. 28rd, at Cum-
lierlanil Hall, will appear Mr. Loch-
ritneaiid his strong supporting com-
pany in mi excel Ion t program of Scotch
songs anil series, Scotch ballads,
■Scotch dances, Scotch Pipes, Hule.-mil
piccolo solos, character impersonations
two extremely humorous Scotch farces
in wliich will he Introduced tlio entire
company. Lillle Agn'^s Wallace will
iy her marvellous
gpipe*. Tin's con-
[ii-ova ono nf the
ii rt' 'imipnta lo be
tat, us Mr. I,ni-li.
y known
ype, We
surprise everyone
execution on ilio
cert no rloulii will prove   n
most Silts' ..   ,,|y i'lll   l'l' (llll
giv ii here this season,   ns
nine  i.s so w II anrl fnvor.li
ai a comedian oi the highe"
A shipment of fine negligee striped and fancy Bults just arrived a
big selection to choose from; also
fnn;y vests and mufflersat GamD-
bell Bros, e
The necessity for providing the Boy
Scouts with some representative music has beeii exercising the minds of
the authorities for some considerable
time. Although a Inrgk number of
iiiuivli movements liavo been sulimit-
icO, tlio difficulty in finding a work
■■ii is characteristic of youth, that
" uld appeal to the spirit of youth,
Jniki lhal would be thoroughly distinctive! .' tlm inqvrmenl iti general, seemed
lo remain uiieonqufred. However,
the case lias now been met by Mr.
A In eil Ginum-V"!-, who has composed
'i lili ing. march that soon overcame the
hesitation of the oflioilils by its simplicity mid efluctiveness ami has boon
adopted ns the oflida! march of tho
Hoy .Scouts organization. The Boy
Scouts' March is being .gradually established as a favorite throughout tho
Empire, military bands as well as orchestras having responded most enthusiastically in adding it to their report
COME!     SEE!!      HEAR!!!
Sale of Work and Conoert Tuesday  Admission   25c.
Oen.ge Hurray has written this paper
saying that if Shaw who challenged
to throw Iieban twice in half an hour (ill
make 175 pounds. Beban will accept his
challenge, and if Shaw will make 166
pounds will wrestle him boat two out of
three falls, and Murray say he will take
Shaw on the same terms that he offered
Bcban if heduea not weigh over 176
pounds, Bsban was to wrestle Boger
Khan a Hindoo from Vancouver tonight
in Nanaimo at the opening uf the Aitdoio
Club, but laat Sunday while practising
with Sine Swanson he had his leg pushed through a window, and had to have
three stitches put in it which necessitates
his laying off for a while.
WANTED-A girl. Apply at Thom-
sons Boarding House Dunsmuir Avenue
Mrs. .lolm Frasor nf Mary-port Avenue
entertained St, Georges Presbyterirn
Church Ladies Aid on Wednesday afternoon to » thimble party. All reported
having a most enjoyable time, thanks to
llui hostess,
(juoto from n late issue of the Colonist
Mrs. Wm.
uu j in li bor
loft for Vane
Delnnny, of l'ctidritli Ave-
daughter Mrs Alex. Gray
uver on Friday's boat.
Dr. Gillespie was a psssjnget to Van.
couver by Friday's boat. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
The Fatal Game
Sultan Murad wns devoted to the
game of cness. To suy, without flattery, that he was a good player, is to
Bay that he was a man ol' considerable
intellectual power. Uut Sultan Murad
in his play had two fallings: he liked
to have an adequate stake on the event
of his game, and he could very ill brook
These weaknesses nre always trying,
but, in tho case of so powerful and absolute a monarch, they rendered the
game one of exceeding danger. To
lose pretty constantly meant ruin; to
wiu too often might easily mean death.
Under these circumstances, it becamo
dillicult for his majesty to lind an adversary, nnd an invitation to a contest
Came to have as fatal a significance,
and to he as much dreaded uud, if possible, avoided as the post of Grand Vizier had been in the reign of Selim the
Grim. Ho mauy had lost all they possessed, and some their lives into the
bargain, that every high oflicer ef state
shunned, as far ns possible, tho dangerous honor of facing liis master across
a chessboard. Naturally, no official
could with moro dilheulty escape thc
ordeal than the Grand Vizier himself;
and, indeed, it was owing principally
to this cause that so many occupants
of this high post had rapidly succeeded
one another during the reign of Sultan
It so happened that the present Grand
Vizier was as keen an enthusiast for
the game as the Sultan himself. This
had been probably his chief recom
mendution for the otlice; aud, being a
horn gambler and of a constitutionally
bold and reckless nature, he was always
ready to play, counting neither the
cost nor the hazard.
He playod on with varying fortune,
but generally losing, until he had
staked and lost everything he possess'
ed or could scrapo together.
At length, one afternoon, on the Sul
tan sayiug to him, "Well, Grand Vizier, and what dost thou venture oi
this new game?" he answered ruefully:
"My Pndtshah, except the garments in
which I stand before thee, and which
are thine already, there is of a truth no
one thing I possessed that I have not
staked and lost, and only by the bounty
of thy majesty shall I and Patima, my
daughter and only child, tind bread or
shelter, so great is the skill of your
majesty at this infornal game."
"Come, Vizier," said Murad, "if it
bo so bad with thee as that, I will tell
thee whut thou shalt do. Thou shalt
on thy part stake thy daughter, and 1
on my part will stake the lovoliost odalisque in my harem, and ten thousand
gold pieces to boot, and we will play
yet another game."
Tho Grand Vizier heard this proposul
to stako his daughter, his only child,
with dismay; but he knew his imperial
master too well to venture a refusal.
Therefore they played, and he lost.
Then tho unhappy father, in tho bitter-
liess of his heart, said: "Oh, Sultan, I
have my head only, aud that is at thy
mercy, but if thou wilt on thy part
stake my daughter, whom thou nast
won, 1 will wager mv head against
"Vizier," said Murad, gravely, "thc
stakes are hardly even, but if thou
wishest it, so it shall be."
And once more they played, and again
tho Vizier lost.
Then Murad laughed, and said: "Be
not alarmed, I give thee thy last stake,
for thou hast uever flinched, but hast
ever played boldly and well; only this
understand, we nave played our last
game, and thou boldest thy oflice only
until 1 appoint another in thy place."
After this (inal defeat of his courageous ami indomitable Grand Vizier,
Murad was hard put to it to find auy
suitable opponent to face him at the
chess board. All men shirked the dangerous honor, and the unhappy Vizier,
or Pacha, commanded to undertake the
duty, found it dillicult to guess whether victory or defeat might prove more
At length the Sultan bethought of a
plan which seemed to promise more di
version thau could be obtained front
encountering these timorous and unwilling adversaries. He caused it to
be proclaimed thnt nny man might
challenge his majesty to a game of
caess, thc conditions being that the
challenger staked his own head against
the olliee of Grand Vizier.
To such lengths will thc cupidity and
self-confidence of many mnn carry them
that numbers were found ready to face
the Sultan on these terms; but whether
Murad's skill was iuvinciblo or whether his opponents were frightened nud
unnerved by the risk they ran, at any
rate each succeeding aspirant lost his
head instead of attaining the object of
Ins ambition—the coveted position of
Grand Vizier.
Ai the time of issuing the proclamation, there lived in Adrlanople a family
consisting of three persons—father,
mother, and oni' son. The latter wns
a young man of pleasing mnnners, n
good presence, und of remarkable energy nnd intellectual capacity.
The news of the Sultan's offer had
reached this retired and secluded
family, and tho son, who had long
beeu a devoted student of the game,
had just announced to his father and
mother his determination to proceed to
the capital and put his life nn the hazard of tho event.
To this both father and mother
vehemently and very naturally objected, and tried by every argument they
could think of to dissnnde him; but the
young man would not be gainsaid, nud
at length he set out on his dangerous
When Osnmn was ushered into the
presence of the Sultun, nnd the object
of his coming explutuotl, Murad himself
felt some regret that so handsome ami
intelligent a youth should risk his life
iu a combat apparently so unequal.
Alter regarding him iu silenfo a fow
moments, he nsked him: "Dost thou
understand clearly what ure the conditions of fhe game we are about to
"If I have been correctly informed,
sire," said Osnmn, "the conditions are
there:  If I  win, your majesty will np
point me your Grand Vizier; if 1 lose,
my life is tho forfeit."
"And dost thou still wish to play
ou these terms?" asked Murad.
'' I have,'' answered Osiuuu, '' travelled far to seek that honor."
"But what can that fatal honor avail
thee," asked Murad, "or what benefit
can accruo to thee if thou must diet"
"Hope sustains the soul," said Osiuuu, "and makes us willing to risk life
for an adequate rewurd."
"How loug hast thou studied chess'/"
demanded thc Sultan.
"My father taught me us a boy,"
answered Osmau, "and all luy life 1
have loved and studied it."
"Very good," said Murad; "then at
thy desiro this day skalt thou play for
thy life."
But first, by order of the Sultan, a
sumptuous repast was served, and at
his invitation Osman partook of it with
him. Then, after a puriod of rest during the mid-day heat, tho chessmen were
brought out, und, amid a circle of high
dignitaries and ollicials of tho palace,
the youthful strauger faced his impcriul
lord and essayed tho difficult, aud, us it
appeared to all present, the foolhardy
task of checkmating him.
Only five moves had boen made, during breathless silence, when Osman
calmly pronounced the word "Checkmate," and on inspection the fact was
clearly established.
All were astonished. And the Sultan, amazed and almost stupefied, wus
filled with fury.
"What," cried he, "beaten, and in
five moves, by a mere boy I What is the
meaning of this? Say, what demon
hath helped thee, or by what power of
enchantment hast thou beeu able to
accomplish the feat?"
"Sire," replied Osman, "this opening of the game is a new one. Being
completely unexpected, it has given mc,
for this time, the victory which I can
never hope again to attain over so
great and experienced a player as your
These words somewhat mollified the
Sultan, and, after having sat silent for
u few minutes, his wrath being partly
appeased, he said: "By whatever means
the victory has been gained, incoutest-
ably it has been won, and since thou
must have paid thy forfeit hadst thou
lost, Allah forbid that thou shouldst
fail to receive the reward that I have
He thereupon commanded that Osman
should be arrayed iu thc gorgeous robes
of the oflice, and, summoning nil the
officers and high dignitaries of the Scr
agtio to the Hall of the Throne, 1 e
presented Osman to them as Grand Vizier.
Theu, as he dismissed him, he said,
significantly: "Gram! Vizier, tomorrow
we will play again."
In the evening Osman sat in the olli-
cial palace of the Grand Vizier, ami
Rei8 Kffendi, an old friend of his father,
by his invitation, sat ut meat with him,
and they discussed what had passed and
what was to be apprehended.
"Osniuii," said the Reis Bffendi,
"thon hast played a bold game ami
won it; yet 1 know too well the character and disposition of Murad to be
able sincerely to congratulate thee. Today thou art victorious and Grand Vizier, tomorrow thou niayest only too probably be defeated ami slain."
"Hois Kffendi," nnswered Osman,
each must yield to fate; but for my
part, 1 have no intention of playing
a game against the Sultan tomorrow."
Thou hast no intention!" cried Reis
Kffendi, in amazement. "Nay, but he
has the intention to command thee to
io so, uud art thou so simple us to
suppose that thou hast power to refuser'
"1 am hardly so country-bred ns to
Suppose that,' 'said Osman; "nevertheless, 1 venture to hopo thut I may be
able so to order things that Murad
shall uot demand a game again tomorrow. ''
"And how is that to be accomplished/" demanded the Jieis Kffendi.
'What dark scheme is this thou hast
in hund?"
At present I have no scheme completed," said Osman, "but only the outline or idea of the tactics which must
be resorted to. My aim must bo to
set some affair of such urgency aud
importance before Murad. tomorrow
morning that, fnr the nonce, he witl
have neither the leisure nor the in-
lination .or chess-playing or any other
form uf amusement.      In the concerns
of so great an empire "
Before Osman could complete the
sentence an attendant entered, and announced that au old man was waiting
without who desired earnestly au interview ith the Grand Vizier.
"It is late," said Osinnn, "but if
he be an old man, doubtless he must
have nn adequate reason for coming
ut this hour.     Bet him enter."
When the applicant entered the apart*
ment, what was Osman's astonishment
to behold in him no other than his own
father. After having bcen warmly
welcomed by both Osman and the Iteis
Kffendi, the old man was pressed to
sny how it came to pass that he had
undertaken so long a journey.
"My son," ho replied, ''after thy
lepartnre, neither thy mother nor,
sooth to sny, myself either could control the anxiety and apprehension we
suffered on thine account. Therefore,
having sold u ring—the last remaining
valuable in our possession—iu order to
provide the small fund necessary for
journey, I followed thee to lenrn
the result, of thy rash attempt. Happily, it nppeurs that thou hnst won and
not lost the game, yet whether thou art
not still in imminent peril is much to
be doubted."
That thy Bon is even now in extreme peril of his lite there cnn be no
question," said the iteis Kffendi. "To
morrow he must ngain play, unless, in-
flood, he can manage to divert the Sul
tun's attention and alter his declared
ntention, But in what wny such n
llvorslon is to be accomplished I can
not Imagine.''
If tlmt be the case," said the ohl
, "it is indeed well that I under
took tho journey hither, for I havo
brought intelligence which may now
stand us In good stead. On my way
1 learned by accident of a conspiracy
that appears to bo hatching in Hou-
melia, thc early knowledge of which
may prove of great value to the Sultan
and his advisers."
"Thou art indeed fortunate," said
the Kcis Effendi, "to be in the possession of that information. His majesty
will doubtless be alarmed, and his attention engrossed by tho details of such
a project."
When, next morning, Osmau, iu hiB
capacity as Grand Vizier, was closeted
with Murad, he hastened to impart to
him the intelligence he had received
concerning the projected risiug and the
design of the rebels to march upon
the capital.
On hearing this account, Murad,
seized with panic, talked of raising a
large army uud ut once marching upon
the  disaffected  province.
Osmau, however, said calmly: "If
your majesty will permit mo to express my opinion, I should say let no
man kuow uf this conspiracy, for uvea
the rumor of insurrection is apt to unsettle men's minds und spread the infection of revolt. The plan of tho
conspirators at present is secret; lot it
never be declared; crush it in the bud.
At this stage a very small forco will
suffice, even as tho bogiuning of a fire,
which neglected would waste a city,
may bc quenched with the contents of
a bucket. Let me, your majesty, tako
live hundred Janissaries with me, proceed with all speed to Odrianoplo, and
two hours after my arrival the leaders
of the plot will bo executed and the
movement will be at un end."
Tho Sultan approved this reasoning
and the advice given him by his new
Grand Vizier, aud bade him start at
once on the mission he had proposed.
Within an hour the Grand Vizier,
with his escort of five hundred men,
left the capital; Osman, us he parted
with his friend the Reis Kffendi, observing simply: "The game of chess
is adjourned."
The Grand Vizier, on reaching Ad-
rinnoplc, proceeded immediately to the
house of the Governor of Ruumeliu, and
had him executed on the spot. Having also put to death several of his
creatures and officials who hud been
guilty of the grossest tyranny and extortion, and also those who had been
in any wuy implicated in tho projected
rising, he replaced, to tho great joy
of ull, his fnther in his former position
of Governor of Boumelia, and hastened
back to report to his majesty that the
province was now perfectly contented
and loyal.
The Sultan was delighted with tho
promptitudo and cuergy of his new
Grand Vizier. He began from this
time to rely on his judgment and to
take his advice on every occasion, and
for a time Osman ruled tho empire with
unquestioned authority and conspicuous
success. Murad often commanded the
presence of his Grand Vizier at the,
chessboard; but tho stakes to be played1
for were always fixed within the
bounds of reason aud moderation, and
whether the game were lost or won —
and Osman was too prudent often to
win—the terrible claws of the imperial tiger remained sheathed in velvet.
This happy state of affairs continued
some time, and might perhaps have cou
tinued indefinitely had not the Bos
tunji Bashi, in revenge for some iin
aginery slight or unintentional discourtesy on the part of the Grand
Vizier, contrived his downfall. This
was a task not difficult to be achieved
with a muster such as Murad. A few
words alluding to "the policy and aim
of our new ruler," which he was allowed to overhear, excited the jealousy
nnd suspicion of the Sultan. And with
hiin the interval between jealousy ami
suspicion, aud the determination to rid
himself of tho object of them, was short
indeed. He determined at once that
Osmau should play again for his head,
and thut this timo he should lose.
On the same nfternoou he took occasion, on winning a game, to address
Osman as follows: "My good Grand
Vizier, I notice that in these little
friendly contests of ours you seldom
win. Now, 1 like not to piny with one
who puts uot out his full strength."
With a mocking smile he continued:
"Probably the stakes are now too trivial to make it worth while for you
to exert your full powers, This must
be remedied. I on my part will stake
one of my daughters; you shall, if you
win, huve her to wife, and with her u
dowry of two hundred purses of gold.
And you on your side must, J suppose,
play for the stake yon played for ut
first, nnd then, you remember, you wou
iu five moves, aud easily enough."
"Vour mujosty," said Osman, who
saw at once that the temper of the Sultan had changed, and who entertained
no doubt that his own fate was already
determined upon, "whatever stakes you
decree must, of'course, be accepted, but
this time I have no gambit to pit
ngainst your unrivalled and ever victorious skill."
The Sultan appreciated the compliment, but it did not cause him to alter
Ins  decision,
Tho afternoon of the next day wns
fixed as the time appointed for the playing of this fateful game. Dnring the
interval Osmau pondered deeply on the
best course of pursue in the1 predicament in which lie now found himself.
He was iu little doubt that, even
though he should win this game, another equally momentous would follow,
uud that nothing could avail to keep
his head ou his shoulders if Murad had,
as he shrewdly suspected, determined
to get rid of him. Vet it wns clear
that, under these circumstances, to win
would probnbly be less immediotely
fatal than to lose; It might for a short
time delay, if it could not avert, the
end tlmt seemed inevitable. Therefore, j
when, on the following afternoon, tin"
(.rand Vizier faced the Sultan ut the
chessboard, euch of these good players
snt down determined to wiu if he possibly could manage it.
Thev were not alone. A large number of the great officers and high olll-
'diils nf the state and the palace sat
watching the game which might so
suddenly terminate the brief nnd hril-
linnl enreer of ond of the players.
Kvery move was followed with the Sootiest interest. The game was fought
with grQ&t skill and indomitable pat*
I on co by both combatants, It. lasted
long, and tho chances of victory nnd
defeat still held an even balance,
It was the Grand Vizier's turn. He
moved his piece, when suddenly it flashed upon him that the move was a mistaken one. Virtually, it sealed his
fate. Unless the Sultun should by
some extraordinary obtuseness overlook
tho opportunity afforded him, three
moves would at once terminate the
game aud cut short the life of Osman,
llo dared not raise his eyes from the
board, lest his glauco should involuntarily betray to tho Sultan his consciousness of the blunder he had committed.
for some time tho whole assembly
sat silent aud motiouless. The Sul
tun made no move. What could be
the cause of his delay? Was he gloat
ing over thc assurance of victory aud
purposely prolonging the anxiety and
apprehension of his victim, or could it
be possible that he had really failed
to observe the opportunity providod for
him aud was still considering undecided
his next move?
The pause continued so long that Os-
man ventured ut length to raise his eyes
to his adversary. Rather thau such
suspense it would be proferuble to know
the worst. As he looked up u strange
sight met his gaze. The Sultan sut
with his head bent down; tho afternoon was sultry, uud ut thu very crisis
of the battle he had fallen asleep!
Thero was little doubt thut when ho
woke the flrst glauce must roveul the
opportunity thut was presented to him.
Meanwhile, uone dared to disturb'
hiin, and the unhappy Osmau was com
pellcd to await, with us much patience
und fortitude as he could command, the
tragic und inevitable result.
No man iu that largo assembly cither
spoke or stirred. With culm, unruffled
demeanor, truly Oriental, they sat silent aud watchful till the Sultun should
awake and design to continue the game
which his sleep had so suddenly interrupted. Silence reigned in tho court
without no less than within the hall it
At length the cull to prayer of tho
Muezzin on tho mosque resounded
through the heavy air: "Como to prayer, come to prayer, God is most great,
God is most great. There is no God
but God." Still tho Sultan slept, and
no one in that bejewelled crowd dared
to disturb his slumber.
At last an incident that none could
have foreseen occurred to break tho silence. Ono of the soldiers station at
the door followed unconsciously the example set him by his imperial master
and fell asleep, and suddenly his scimitar, falling from his relaxing grasp, fell
clanging on the marble steps.
All looked up with amazement; all
excepting Murad.
Then Osman rose and touched the Sultan lightly ou the shoulder, and he fell
forward with a crash among the chessmen—for he wus dead.
Thore appear to exist in the earth's
atmosphere "centres of action" which
have wide control over climatic conditions, and make it possible to fortell
tho character of the weather loug iu
One of thc most important of all
these centres is that about Iceland. According as the atmospheric pressure
there is high or low, mild or severe
winters result in central Kuropo, und
there arc those who contend thut this
influence is ulso felt on the North
American continent.
The North Capo is another similar
centre, and between these foci a kind
of compensation of action often exists,
sometimes at intervals of six months,
A warm winter at tho North Cape corresponds to a cold winter in Iceland,
and is followed by cold winds in central
Kurope and over the plains of Hungary.
The cause of the phenomena, it is
thought, is to be found iu the variations
of the north-polar ice-cap, which constitutes the greut reservoir of cold for
the northern hemisphere.
It has been supposed thnt the dog,
like thc jackal, descended from a Bpeclal race. Examination of the skulls
of the canidae in the Museum of the
French Academy of Sciences shows that
nearly nil of the jackal aud wolf species
differ from those of the little wolf of
India. The little wolf of India is the
only wild beast possessing the salient
eyebrow or eyecrest of the dog. Tho
littlo wolf has not ouly the dog's eyebrow crest, but ull the canine characteristics and none of the characteristics of
the wolf.
It is presumable that the little wolf
of India was the original ancestor of
the dog,
Tho two primitive canine races, the
"dog of the bogs and tho dog of the
Age of Bronze," wure domesticated
first in Asia, and were introduced into
Kuropo from Asia, like most of tho do
mestic animals of Kurope.
The School Republic
(By Charles Johnston)
A radical change iu thc calendar is
seriously proposed by British statesmen, uud a bill has beeu introduced
into the British parliament, which, if
carried, will divido the yeur into Bt
months of UH days each—that is four
weeks of seven days and one extra duy
to make up the year. This extra day
will bc neither a day of that mouth nor
of the week, but simply and only Christmas Day and would be added to the
days of Christmas week, wliich week
would therefore nlwnys contain eight
days and two holidays. It is further
proposed to make a fixed dnte for Buster, the 15th of April being thc une
hosen for that holy dny. It will bc
seen by this plan any dny of the woek
would always have thc same number-
ng in one month us iu another.
Among the advantages claimed by
the advocates of this reform nro the
All months would end on Saturday,
and contain the same number of working days. Therefore, monthly business
balances would be made easy,
This little boy and his sister each had
n penny. The boy borrowed his sister's penny to piny with, nud in a littlo
while one uf the coins got lost,
"Oh," he said, "I'vo lost Mary's
"But," said his governess, "how do
vou know it is Mnry's peunv you have
"Because," he answered, "becnuse—
this one is mine."
"Citizen 'Loskowitchl Come and
answer to the charge against you!"
said Mayor Wagner of the School City
of Class-room Seven of tho Boys' Department, Tho mayor was a red-headed boy of fifteen, with blue eyes and a
serious face, and there was a gilt badge
on the lapel of his coat.
Citizen jjeskowitch was a dark-faced
youngster of southern Slav forbears,
und a full head taller than the mayor.
Ho camo slouching reluctantly from his
desk and stood beforo the muyor, who
wus nlso standing, with broad-shouldered littlo Sheriff Brady at his right
"Citizeu Leskowitch!" wont on tho
mayor, in his eumest voice, reading
from a yellow mimeographed slip of
paper in his left hand: "Vou aro
charged by Citizen Jacobs with kickiu'
up a' . . . with fightin' in the eorruior,
and hittiu' Citizen Jacobs iu the
At-the suggestion of Citizen Jacobs
"getting it in the neck, "a titter began
to spread from desk to desk in the well-
filled class-room; it Was Instantly and
severely suppressed by little Sheriff
Brady, who said, as if he meant to be
listened to:'
"Soilence in de Con^tl"
What Sheriff Brady'says goes, in tho
School City of Class-room Seven of the
Boys' Department, ;
"Citizen Leskowitch, are you guilty
or not guilty?" earnestly queried the
boy mayor.
Citizen Leskowitch ran his fingers
through the Slavonic shock of hair that
hung over his eyes, rubbed his nose uneasily, fldgetted from one foot to the
other, looked at tho body of his follow-
citizeus seated each at his smnll desk,
as if seeking inspiration or canvassing
public opinion, and finally said,
"Awl Not guilty 1"
Muyor Wagner's lips tightoned and
Sheriff Brady frowned.
"Citizen Jacobs!" said the mayor,
to a small, lean boy, with keen eyes,
who was standing before hiin, near the
defendant, "huve you your witnesses
Citizen Jacobs had. Said witnesses
were Citizen Dunne and Citizeu Rnbino-
witch, who duly deposed that, on tho
preceding Wednesday, while Citizen
Jacobs was peaceably walking down tho
corridor after recess, Citizen Lesko
witch, coming from the opposite diree
tion, bumped Citizen Jacobs with his
shoulder. And, when Citizen Jacobs
remonstrated, saying, "Look out, youi
Vy don't you look vere you're goin'
to?" Citizen Leskowitch, instend of
mukiiig reparation, or giving a soft
answer, had rejoined:
"Aw! gid out of dc way, youi" and
had added to his offence by hitting Citizen Jacobs with his fist, precisely at
the juncture of the head and body of
Citizen Jneobs, to wit, in the neck, ('iti
zen Leskowitch hnd then laughed rude
ly, and departed down the corridor, run
Citizen Leskowitch, though pleading
"Not guilty," could produce no witnesses, and made no effective defence,
not eveu attempting au alibi.
Bed-headed Mayor Wngner then turned his blue eyes to the class, every
member of which had followed nil these
details with keen interest and attention:
"Fellow-citizens!" suid tho mayor,
his voice heavy with the Itnportanve of
his high office, "you have heard the
evidence in this case. Whut is your
"I move," said a broad-faced little
Dutchman, Km Inner by name, with
brown hair standing up like a bottle
brush all over his round poll, "I move
that Citizen Leskowitch is sentenced to
a week on tho Clenuin' Brigade!" and
ho sat down and wiped his nose,
"I second de motion!" suid another
youthful citizen, whose people came
from Kerry, rising in his seat.
"It has bcen moved nnd seconded,"
Mayor Wngner laid down tho law in a
serious voice, "that Citizen Leskowitch is sentenced to a week on the
Clcanin' Brigade, for hittin' Citizen
Jacobs in the—the corridor—." There
was a slight titter, for the citizens hud
expected to hear him suy, "in the
neck." Said titter wus instantly sup
pressed by Sheriff Brady, wh . sternly
said, -,•,,
"SoiliMice in de court I" ■
Tho mayor completed his announcement without further interruption, and1
the disciplining of Citizen Leskowitch
of the School City of Class-room Seven
was curried unanimously, Citizeu
Leskowitch slouched back to his desk
ubashed, realizing that the unanimous
voice of the City had gone against him,
and that he stood condemned; that for
tho course uf a week he must see to it
thnt no pieces of paper or haply crusts
or banana peels, littered the tloor of
Clnss-room Seven or Its contiguous corridors, and that the eyes of the whole
elty wore upon him in euse he fniled,
And all his fellow-citizens realized his
offence and spumed it by reflex hi themselves, so that order and discipline were
notably strengthened in the Sehool City
of Clnss-room Seven.
Each class-room of the elder buys,
that is, of boys in the last two years
of public school life, is, in like manner, organized us u school city, with its
mayor and sheriff and other officers:
and all concerns of thnt class-room are
decided in full town nleeting; that is,
by every boy in the class. An I these
cities nre joined together in a School
Republic, with State Officers, a Governor, Vice-Covernor, State Treasurer,
Stnto Secretary, and the like; two of
each, be it understood—one set, composed of boys, for the boys, and anothor set, composed of girls, for the
There is also a legislature of two
houses; and hero comes, in thu public
school 1 am thinking of, an amusing
solution of tho whole equal suffrage
problem. For, of the two houses of
the Legislature, the Senate is composed
wholly of girls, elected, three from
each class-room—that is, from euch
school city in tho girls' department;
while the House of Representatives is
| made tip wholly of boys, elected solely
by boys, each school city choosing three
. Let us go to a session of the Senate,
where girls, tho elect of the girls, are
conferring upon high matters. We enter the Senate Chamber, where, around
two long tables, used, I believe, for
drawing lessons, ure seated the girl*,
somu forty or fifty in number, seriously debating the question.
"The question beforo the Sona'.c,"
says Senator Mary Jones iu a demure,
quiet voice, an excellent thing in women, "tho question beforo the Senate
is, whether slips of paper should be
provided for making sanitary drinking
cups. Now I," went on tho fair young
senator, whoso hair mado a waterfall
on her shoulders, "am strongly in favor of this. Now we all know that
science proves that all sorts of diseases
aro distributed by public drinking-cups.
And we all know that ull the citizens
want to tuke u drink of wator during
school hours. Now there's no reason
why they should be subjected to ull
sorts of diseases by having to drink
from the same cup. So I am in favor
of this resolution!" nnd Senator Mnry
Jonos sat down, slightly flustored by
the offort of oratory:
"Now," sho begun, in good senatorial form addressing the presiding officer, Vice-President Kmma James of the
girls' sido of tho Republic, "I am not
at all in favor of this resolution. 1
was in the depot two days ago, where
they have individual drinking cups
made of whito wax paper, and you put
n penny in the slot and get ono. Now,
1 noticed that the peoplo didn't use
tho individual drinking cups, but used
tho public drinking cups that were
standing there; they had tho penny, but
they wouldn't tnke tho troublo to put
it in the slot and turn the handle. And
I noticed that, wheu they did, and were
through using the individual drinking
cup, they generally throw it on tho floor,
and a lot of water in it, too, generally;
und all that made a mess and disorder
on the floor, nnd science teaches that
that leads to disease. Sq I am agaiast
this resolution!" and the senator sat
down determinedly in her chair, with
a sense of difficult duty well done.
As to the outcome, I must keop that
dark. But as to the method and practice, thero can bo no two opinions. Beyond uny dispute, these boys are getting n working knowledge of political
institutions, of pure democracy iu action, which notuing else could give
them, a practical experience in self discipline and the strength of public opinion. And we muy fervently hopo that
so trained, they will shake themselves
free from the political apathy and inertness that muke men the easy, shameful victims of the political boss.
The disappearance of the "Mona
Lisa" calls to mind tho description of
this famous picture, by Walter Pater,
whicli came out for the first time thirty
years ngo and has since come to be
considered one of the finest examples of
Knglish prose. lu his book, "The
Renaissance/' Walter Pater wrote of
"Leonardo's masterpiece" as follows:
The presence that thus rose so
strangely beside the waters, is expressive of what in the ways of a thousand years men had come to desire.
Hers is the head upou which all "the
ends of the world are come," and the
eyelids aie a little weary. It is a
beauty wrought out from within upon
the flesh, the deposit, little cell by cell,
of strunge thoughts and fantastic rover
ies and exquisite passions. Set it for
a moment beside one of those white.
Greek goddesses or beautiful women of
antiquity, ami how would thoy be
troubled' by this beauty, into which the
soul with all its maladies has passed!
All tho thoughts and experience of the
world have etched and molded there,
in thut which they have of power to
refine and make expressivo tho outward
form, the animalism of Greece, the lust
of Rome, the reverie of the Middle
Ages, with its spiritual ambition and
Imaginative loves, the return of the
pagan worbl, the sings of the Borgius.
She is older than the rocks among
which she sits; like the vampire, she
has been deud many times, and learned
tho secrets of thc grave; and bas been
a diver iu deep seas, and keeps tlieir
fallen day about her; and trafficked for
strange webs with Kastern merchants;
und, as Leda, was the mother of Helen
of Troy, und ns St. Anne, tho mother
of Mary; uud ull this hus boen to her
but as the sound of lyres and flutes,
and lives only iu tho delicacy with
which it has molded the changing lineaments, und tinged thu eyelids and the
(From The Philadelphia Record)
lu France bread has been mndo without flour iu a machine that transforms
the wheat directly iuto dough. This
machine shows a large screw turning
loosely in n case, on the inner surface
of which is a screw thread running in
mi opposite direction, Between the
main threads on the cylinder aro small
er threads, and thu depth of the groove
becomes progressively smaller from one
end to the other, so that it will hold
the entire wheat grain as it enters the
machine, at tho samo time uceommodut-
iug only the pulverized wheat at the
The wheat is prepared by a thorough
washing, nfter which operation about a
pint of tepid water to a pound of grain
is added, the whole mixture being ullowed to stand some six hours. Then
the grains of wheat havo swollen to
twice their ordinary size. The mixture
is theu treuted with yeast and salt,
ami is poured iuto the machine. It
fulls between the threads of the moving screw and of the fixed contrary
screw, which simultaneously crush the
envelope und body of tho grain, making of them a homogeneous mixture
that forms a smooth paste.
Bread made by this process contains
a succession of holes, wdiose size increases as they approaoli the crust,
which is thin. The odor given off is
said to be most agreeable.
That when you put a
calve onto your child's skin,
It passes through the pores
and enters the blood, Just
as sorely as if you put it
into the child's stomach?
You would not put a
coarse mass of animal fat,
colored by various mineral
poisons (such as many
crude salvis." re) into your
chili's blood by way of the
stomach? Then why do
so by way of the pores?
Take no tiik. Vs* a'lways the
pure h.rbal ciencts provided In
Zam-Buk. Z.m-Buk contains
110 trace of any animal oil or lat,
and no poiaorouf mineral cohr-
i.-g matter. From start to finish
il 13 purely herbal.
It will heal sores, ulcers, abscesses, eruptions, varicose ulcers,
cuts, burns and bruises more
quickly than any other known
preparation, lt U a'tl eptic,
quickly stops the smarting of a
sure or cut, cures pil.s, Inflamed
sorei and blood-poisoning. It is a
combination of healing power and
scientlile purity. Ask Ihose who
have proved tt.
At ll ilruetliill and tttsrll SOtt bnfl tr
iatti-litik Co., Toronto, for pri—.
Pills for Nervous ;Troubles — Th
stomach is the eentro oi the nervous
system, and when.thc stomach suspends
healthy action the rcsilM is inanifest in
disturbances of the nerves. li' ullowed
to persist, nervous debility, :i dangerous
ailment, muy ensue. The lirst consideration is to restore the stomach to proper action,' und there is no '.Ondior
remedy tor this than i?armcloe''d Vegetable'rills. Thousands can attest the
virtue of these pills iu curing nervous
A (lermau scientist says that married
men live longer than bachelors, and aro
less likely to become insane. Another
argument (for matrimony is found hi the
fact that there nre thirty-eight criminals among every 1,000 bachelors, while
among mnrried men the ratio is only
eighteen  per thousand.
A Chicago Indy, suing her husband
for alimony, chums that the folio will
items are "reasonably accobsary'.' for
a lady of fairly good position: Perfmno
and toilet water, $000; face powder,
$460; manic nre bills. $200; hair-di
ser's bills, $860; all other cosmetics and
miscellaneous, $276.
Fit Id, Weak, Weary, Watery (yet ui
Murine Doetn'tSmsrt-SoothM Eye Pali
tankk M Ih*. In ttmtt. Un* tfc. Nc I LSI
Marin Ere Salve, lu AMplle T«fc«. IS* f IjM
Murine Ej»R«medyCo»ChIe«go
send tor froo sample to Dept. r.p.
National Drag & Chemical Co., Toronto.
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
Proscribed o'<1 r*commw»dfd fnr somen's nil-
montffi a .■.-'."ti:i".i'iy prooared remedy of
proven wcr'ii Tiie rertii ' oiu Hulr nae is
quick -nid peruutuouti lo* .ulti ut nil drug
Famous Spies of British
Make the Liver
Nina l»etia ton when the Km bright lb*
■touch and boweb are right.
gwuly but firmly *
pel a lazy Kvar to
do iu duly.
Headache, umi Diatom aftar Eatinf.
i»u nn, Sa»n Data. s«aU Prist
Genuine «*be« Signature
However interesting to the student
may be the records of history as it
appears from the outside, however full
of tho fascination which clings to tho
names and doings of grout men, there
is another sido of all history—or almost all—which hus a peculiar charm
of its own. It must bo, very largely,
guess work, containing, us it does, endless mysteries and puzzles; that vast
mass of tho unwritten inner history of
nations, the machinery of plots and
intrigues, which has to be placed together from, tho scanty evidence which
has been lef to posterity. Aud the
piecing is the moro dillicult because
the very essence of successful plots and
carried on with ns little documentary
evidence as possible, which might, by
accident or treachery, fall into tho
hnnds of tho opposite party, says tho
Manchester Weekly Times.
The sinister figure of the spy always lurks in -the background of those
half-revealed political and historical
annals—uu important, if inglorious
purt of tho complicated machinery of
intrigue. His work may bo at times
rather dirty work (the title "spy" is
not, on tho wholo, a very highly respected one), but it has boon on occasion both necessary and patriotic;
whilo more ofteu than not it requires
a'.greater amount of personal courage,
und certainly of presence of mind thau
the moro attractive, because moro above
board methods of hazarding one's life
and liberty. The spy generally carries
his lifo in his hand, with tho additional
proviso thot if he should bo found out
the person on whose behalf ho is working" will hi all probability disown nil
responsibility for his doings. Broadly
speaking, therefore, it is not wonderful
that in many cases the task.of a spy has
fallen to tho lot either ot the most des-
prate and unscrupulous type of mercenary or of those who cure above all
things for a specially risky adventure
for its own sake.
Tho days of the Tudors were particularly rich in all sorts of plots and
intrigues, und Walsinghain nnd Burleigh, the two great rival statesmen of
Queen Elizabeth's reign, carried the art
of spying on each other's plans and secrets to a vory high degree of perfection,
Each wns kept as fully informed as possible of his rival's movements and more
often than not with tho desire of putting
a spoke in the other's wheel, nnd dis
crediting hliu  in his Sovereign's eyes.
One of these curious half-told talcs
of history belongs to the period just
alluded to, und the rights,of it will hided, in all probobillty, never be truly
known In tlieir entirety. Thnt was the
ense of Thomas Doughty, whoso execution by Sir Francis Drake on his
voyago in the "Golden llynde." is one
of the strangest and most dramatic
episodes of the great Ellznbotbau sail
or's, enreer. ,
Thomas Doughty was one of the band
of gentleman adventurers who joined
Drake In his great ndventure; he had
been Lord Leicester's secretary, und his
brother, John Doughty, who accomp
led llira on tho voyage, had earned
unenviable notoriety through being
suspected of complicity in a case of
Drake struck up a strong friendship
with Doughty, whu was a mun of considerable courtly attainments and attractions, and took him very largely
into his confidence. So mueh did he
appear to trust him that he put him
in command of a Spanish prize which
thev captured in the Atlantic on
which wns also Drake's own brother
Soon, however, trouble arose. Frequent quarrels ami friction bowtoen
Drake and his ono-timo friend continued, till at Inst, according to some
witnesses, Douguty endeavored to stir
up u mutiny among the adventurers.
'me attenipt being frustrated, Drake
held a rouglwmd-'.oady court martial
on the accused man, and sentence
death was passed and carried out the
same day.
To this day the controversy'rages un
derided as to the innocence or other
wise of Thomas Doughty; us to his real
standing ns au emissary of Burleigh
aud the extent to which he wns authorized to act ns he did with regard to
Drake's venture. Some authorities
hold that the charges against him
were deliberately trumped up by Drake
with the intention' of destroying
Doughty, and that his position as a spy
hi Burfeigh's pay was invented as an
excuse for his destruction. If so. how-
ever, it seems n curiously complicated
nnd olnborato device, as well as an unnecessary savage ouo.
Moreover, Drake's undoubted trion.l-
ship with the man, ami tho favor he
showed him. «"> tiot compatible with
such a course of action; and it is be-
vound doubt thot the accused man d d
boast of his influence with Biirlolgh,
and assort that ho acted with that
statesman's authority. It would also
have been expected that Doughty a
friends would not have ullowed his
death to pass unprotested ngainst had
It not bcen in some measure deserved. There lhe mutter stands, however, us it is likely to for all timo, one
f tho many dark and unsolved mysteries of tlio unturned pages of history.
Tho days of tho Jacobite plots tor
the restoration of the Stuart dynasty
wero naturally noted for tho energy
with which spies on both sides curried
On their work; nud by far the most
interesting of theso darkly mysterious
personages was tho man who carried
on the work of betrayal undor the
nnmo of "Plelelo the Spy." Tho identity of this individual, who, ns all arc
agreed,was a personage of high birth,
.nnd enjoyed n position of the greatest
confidence in the Pretender's counsels,
hns been matter for much conjecture,
and discussion; bnt it seems likely
enough that tho conclusion to which
Mr. Andrew Lang has come, in his interesting monograph on the subject, is
the correct one. Mr. Lang deduces that
"Ticklo" wiih in reality none othor
thuu young Glengarry, and gives several reasons for his deduction, which
seem perfectly conclusive. Both
"Pickle" nnd (Bcngurry, ho points out.
wero officers in the French service,
both wero to take part in the Eltbank
plot in London in 1752, and both were
intimate with the Earl Marisehal in
raris. Further,- the correspondence of
the spy mentions tiie death of his father ut the timo of tho death of old
Glengarry,-ah illness when Glengnrry
wus ill, and so forth; whilo, to conclude, with the death of Alexander
MncDoniiell, young Glengarry, tho figure of "Pickle the Spy" seems to vanish from the pages of history.
'.'Pickle" played a very important
part in the secret history of his duy.
But for hhn "it is probable that thqre
would have been another Highland rising, certain to fail, yet none the less
on that account bloody und disastrous;
so that this much good may bo suid to
have come from Glengarry's hideous
treachery to tho exiled Princo whom
ho professed to serve. "Pickle," at tho
time when this rising was in contemplation, was in communication with
Henry Pelham, tho Minister of George
II., und forwarded to him u memorial
drawn up uy his own kinsman, Loch-
gurry, giving the names and numbers
of the Highland clans likely to tako
arms iu the Stuart cause. The Eil-
bank plot, which was ulso abandoned
owing to "Pickle's" information, was
to kidnap King George nnd seizo St.
James' Palace, and young Glengarry
wus to tnkd a leading part in this
Tho reason for Glengarry's treachery
was apparently neither more nor less
than love of money, of which, naturally, there was moro to be had for
treachery than for loyalty. It is ut the
samo: timo almost incredible that a
man of high birth and proud tradition
could live a life of such terrible duplicity, dying, us he did, undiscovered,
though, ns contemporary records
show, by no means unsuspectod.
To discover tUo identity of nn informer during his lifetime is, however,
invariably a very dlfleult business,
since death is the almost certain consequence of tho revealing of his
treachery; wliile the usual destruction
of incriminating documents from day
to day renders it by no means easy to
detect u spy even long after ho could
suffer by the discovery. Considerable
mystery, for example, surrounds the
identity of thc betrayer of Lord Edward Fitzgerald's hiding-place during
the Jrish troubles of 1798, and to judge
by a stroet ballad of the time, it is not
wonderful .that the spy was not very
eager to gratify the public curiosity.
"May heaven scorch and parch tho
tongue by which his life was sold.
And shrivel up the hand, that clutched
tho proffered meed of gold."
A recent writer has given pretty
good reasons for believing the traitor
to hare been one Francis Atagan, a
Dublin barrister, who was one of the
very lew who knew Lord Edward's
A career more resembling that of a
mediaeval soldier of fortune than a
modern life-story was that of tho famous Major Lo Caron, or Thomas
Beach, as lie was really called, wdio.
for years carried his life in his hand
as un agent of the Secret Service
among the Fenians In America. The
inner history of the Fenian Raid of
1870 has been told by him in a volume
of recollections, as well as the story of
several t'ustrated plots, iuto the inner
workings of which ho had access. And
here it may be saitl that, whatever
may bo the popular dislike for the informer's trade, there is a wide difference between the common traitor aud
the man who deliberately enters tho
enemy's camp with hostile intent, even
though concealed for a time. Some
foes can only bo bought, by stealth;
and so long ns such foes exist, so loug
must the Sccrot Sorvlco of nations
attract tno during, the cunning) and
the unscrupulous by its risks aud its
(By Oeorge A. Doney, Ph.D., LL.D.)
Some day I shall attempt to write
of the Chinese theatre with understanding." I write now from ignorance uud
interest—chiefly because 1 cannot help
Many of you huve neon what 1 am
about to describe, but 1 doubt If moro
than one in a hundred outstayed the
thirty minutes necessary to gratify a
semi-morhili curiosity for the bizarre,
aud le . with only tho clashing ol'
gongs in your cars. I have seen the
Chinese theatre many, many times. 1
confess I like it, There is enough noise
to satisfy the Indian in me; enough
color to saturate mo, There are times
when I hunger for it. I rarely miss au
opportunity to see it. Ilud I been in
Hong Kong recently 1 should have
gone twice instead of once.
1 believe the Chinese aro consummate actors. But naivete und minute
symbolism are so interlarded with realism that after tho (irst shock of the
novelty wear olT we jump nt. the conclusion that the women simper ami are
Stilted, and that the men are formal
and still', and that the chief function
of the orchestra is to drown bolh words
ami music.
The latter conclusion you may ultimately decide is erroneous, that they
attempt rather to drown the cries of
lusty-lunged vendors who go nbout
shouting tlieir wares quite unconscious
of players. Our peanut and popcorn
poddlnrs aro not so rude oven ut a
baseball game. .
I passed a bill through a hole in a
wire screen to a patriarch in half-inch
finger nails (proof that, he doesn't have
to work in a stono quarry, but not
long enough to prove that ho is a real
gentleman). Ho looked my Hong Kong
money over for four' minutes, appealed
to a bystander, and at last decided to
risk it. 1 got a blue paper poster and
a hat full of change, for tho best seat
n the house costs llll cents, plus a tux
of 1-2 cent for a cushion. I have paid
as much for a programme at au inferior show. Hero they throw the programme in and you throw it on the
iloor, unless you happen to know-how
to read polarized iron filings.
It is informal from the beginning.
Tho men occupy tho pit, smoke cigars,
put their feet on the chairs in front,
eat oranges, and drink teb. The women and children sit in the gallery;
thoy smoke the peculiar Chinese metal-
water pipe and drink tea. Whut else
they do I don't know, for I could only
seo their jado and gold earrings, their
carefully polished raven hair, aad pairB
of black eyes glistening with interest
under low, white enamelled foreheads.
I wanted to see more, but soon concluded that 'it is considered the proper
thiug to seem unconaoious of the ox-
istence of any woman but thoso on tho
Stago? You probably would think it
a joke. Perhaps tho stage whero Hamlet first soliloquized was not different.
Thoro is no drop nor fireproof curtain
—which saves time and money. Tho
stago is wide- open from the sides to
the roof. Its back iB a brick wall
pierced by a door on ench sido; ono
serves as entrance the other us exit.
As thoro is no curtain there is no
scenery. This is ns it should bo. Something is left to the imagination,' nnd
you don't pay $1.1)0 for a 10 cejit.
drnma performed by 20 cent actors,
who move about in $1,20 fixings. They
do hnvo "props." He is always busy.
The amount of shifting ho cun manage
to get out of furniture that an'.'auctioneer couldn't raiso a dollnr on is
real art; for ho is scone shifter as woll.
Ofttbnos you wonder if ho doesn't
think he is the show. He weurs a loug
pig ta il, bare feet, n sardonic gri u
which now an^then passos to a chuckle,
a blue undershirt, nnd rod sausage
casing on his legs. China is a land of
wonderful chairs, but 1 never saw a
chair on u Chinese stago that didn't
look as if it was mado of.old boxes
und couldn't havo cost moro than 20
cents. To tho four or flvo chain add
a table or two, to mutch. More important are two fishing poles. You can
hang a curtain or a rag from these and
so in a jiffy convert a chair into a bed
room, into a grave, into anything oi
any place ou land or sea, in heaven or
hell. A pass of tho hands, and the
whole stago is an ocean. A chair on a
tablo, if covered with tho proper rag,
is a tree.
Ever play euros, ' Keeping houso,
school, store? lt is all hero. All the
signs aud make-believes are hero. But
never in thb glory' of your happiest
make-believe days did you imagine
such costumes as these social out-cast
Uhlnese actors wear. And thoy arc
real, too; real silks nad real embroideries.
It is not so easy to move your ears
back. For a long time yon hear oaly
a regiment of Scotch "bagpipes, a company of horse fiddlers tuning up ami
testing their pitch, and a copper boil
er factojy. \Yfien the factory shuts
down you hoar somebody beating re-
soundiug wood with two sticks. You
hnd no idea that wood on wood could
make so much noise.
.,, You .not .only hear this noise, you
see tho villains who make it. Thoy sit*
at tho back centre of tho stago, When
they get' tired they stand. The way
they drink ton is fine to behold. You
wonder nt first that thoy dare to do
this in plain .view of the whole house.
If I make as much noise with one pair
of cymbals I should want to be locked
"n a cyclone collar, with four feet of
snow on tho ground.
The melodrama is, logically, nt an
end at one o'clock. Not this show.
They took a fresh start, or rather kept
right on, nnd probably are at it yet.
Wc had had our 20 cents' worth.und
pulled out. The penalty wo paid for
pulling out so Into was four separate
cumshnws. (Chinese for "dig") to get
through tho various city gates back to
old England on Shntneen.
have assumed that you know that
tho female parts in this drama were
played by men; no real woman ever
appears on a Cliineso stage.
Perhaps the longest straightaway
flight mndo by birds in their migrations
is accomplished by some of the shore
and water birds, that nest in tho islands
of Bering Sea and spend the winter at
Hawaii and Fanning Island, twenty-two
hundred miles away.
Inasmuch as some of theso birds live
entirely on tho shore and are probably
unable to rest on the siirfnce of the
water, it is thought that they must accomplish tho wholo distance in a single
(light. Yet, although there aro no land-
maVks for thom upon their long journey
over a waste of waters, thoy make their
way to their destination with the precision of a rifle-shot.
There is no poisonous ingredient in
llollowny's Corn Cure, and it can be
used without -danger of injury.
The commission charged with, tho ro^
vision of tho Montreal Building Code
has decided to maintain the bylaw pro
hibiting the erection of buildings ovei
130 feet high. The decision is wise.
but it is unnecessary to remind the
city fathers of Montreal that it is not
unotigh to pass bylaws. Jt must also bo
possible to carry them out without prejudice to the city's development. Now
tho slcyscrupor is nn ndmtrablo illustration of what the economists call marginal utility. In planning work on any
building site there is a certain point
at which it becomes cheaper to buy a
new site than to add a new storey. The
location of that point depends partly
on the prlee of hind and partly on the
facilities, for dealing with material.
In the backwoods, whero land costs
nothing but facilities are lacking, the
settler will never build more than a
single storey. In New York, whore
land, in tho limited area, is very dear,
Stops a Cough Quickly}
-Even Whooping Cough
Sixteen Ounces of the Quickest, Surest
Cough Remedy for 60c.   Money
Refunded If It Fails
If you havo an obstinate, deep-seated
cough, which refuses to be cured, get a
50-cent bottle of Plnex, mix it with
home-made sugar syrup and start taking it. Inside of 2-i hours your cough
will bo gone, or very nearly so. Even
whooping-cough is quickly conquered
iu this way.
A 50-cent bottlo of Piuex, when
mixed with home-made sugar syrup,
gives you 16 ounces—a family supply
—of the finest cough remedy that
money could buy, at a clear saving of
$2. Very easy to prepare—fall directions in package.
Piuex soothes nnd heals tho inflamed
membranes with remarkable rapidity.
It stimulates the appetite, is slightly
laxative, and has a pleasant tnsto—children take it willingly. Splendid for
croup, asthma, bronchitis, throat tickle,
chest pains, etc., and n thoroughly successful remedy for incipient lung
Pinex is a special and highly concentrated compound of Norway White
Bine extract, rich in gunincol and other
healing pine elements. It hns often
been imitated, though never successfully, for nothing else will produce the
same results. Simply mix with sugar
syrup or strained honey, in a 10-ounce
bottle, and it is ready for use.
Anyone who tries Pinex will quickly
understand why it is used in more.
homes in the U.S. and Canada than any
other cough remedy. Tho genuine is
guaranteed to give absolute satisfaction or money refunded. Certificate of
guarantee is wrapped ia each package.
Vour druggist has Pinex or will get it
for you. If not, sent to The Pinex Co.,
Toronto. Ont.
but where building facilities abound,
no absolute limit can be assigned to
tho height of the structure. But Central New York is prevented by water
from expanding, Montreal can expand almost indefinitely, provided only
that her inter-urban communications
are good. Narrow streets moan high
buildings. Large thoroughfares, capable of bearing much rapid trafiic, menn
nn extended business quarter. In fact,
the Montreal bylaw carries a town-
planning scheme iu iis arms.
Shihhh Gum
nMclily slops coughs, cures colds, Iiea!.*
'lie. ibroat uad lunds •       U,i c«nt4
'Many pntent medicines have como
and gone, but Bicklo's Anti-Consumptive Syrup continues to occupy n foremost place among remedies for coughs
and cold, and as a preventive of decay
of the lungs. It is a standard medicine
that widens its sphere of usefulness
year by year. lf you arc iu need of
something to rid yourself of u cough or
cold, you cannot do better than try
Bicklo's Syrup.
quickly ■lop* coughs, enrea colas* heal*
tbi) throat and landa •      2A cenla
Winnipeg, Oct. 10, 1011.
TO FARMERS.—Since mailing our circular letters to fanners, such a radical change in grain conditions
in Western Canada has taken, place that, wo feel compelled to advise farmers of this change as quickly as
possible. When our circular letter was written, the extent of the frost damage in Saskatchewan and Alberta
was only a matter of conjecture, but reports coming in now show a deplorable condition over a wide area of
those two provinces. For the last threo weeks the weathor for threshing and harvesting has been most unsuitable. Thousands of acres of grain are still uncut, and it is scarcoly likely that any of it will be cut. Tests also
show that it will not pay to thresh many thousands of acres that have boon cut, and some threshing machines
have flatly refused to thresh by the bushel, but will only continue by tho day. Frost early this season reduced
the grado of wheat iu many parts of Saskatchewan and Alberta down to No. 6 wheat and feed wheat, and
farmers that have No. 3 Northern or better have overy right to consider themselves fortunate. Both Saskatchewan and Alberta will pioduco' a large quantity of wheat grading No. i wheat or lowor. Besides this,
the damp weather is suro to reduce largo quantities of the better qualities to off-grades. Conditions are the
worst wo have experienced for years. This means that there will be lots of low grade wheat to handle this
season, but it does not follow that we will, havo low prices. Outside conditions guarantee good prices. We
have advocated right along that, even without damage to our crop, we would not have low prices, as the demand for wheat all over the world will be enormous. Wo predict that to-day's quotations for grain will look
cheap sometime betweon now and next July. The day for cheap wheat has gono by. Thero are too many
people oating wheat, and the new countries that are opening up aro not any more than keeping pace with
the increased consumption. There may be a lot of wheat which will not bo fit for grinding purposes such as
poor feed. Outside conditions, however, guarantee a good price for this quality of grain, because the feed
shortage in Europe ls enormous, and already Germany ls reducing the duty ttl feed stuffs to prevent the German
farmers from marketing their live stock, which would be a menace to the welfare of that country, and it is
expected that the duty will bo removed entirely at tho next session of Parliament, As one dealer puts it, and
the law upholds: "Men can starve, but ths cattlo must be fed." Tho approach of wintor will bo the signal
that a good supply of feed stuirs must be purchased and stored, and Europo dare not disobey the signal. As
the quantity of wheat grading No. 3 Northern, or hotter, has been reduced considerably by frost, there will
likely be an unusually strong demand for those grades throughout tho soason. It is claimed that the United
States mills intend grinding our 1 and 2 Northern wheat in bond. They need it to mix with the softer varieties
of the Southern States.
To-day No. 3 Barley ls worth 70c in store, Fort William. We do not look for any decline in these prices,
and wo expect our Nos. 3 and 4 Barley to advance 10c per bushel and bo maintained. Oats aro worth 12',ic in
store, Fort William, and present indications point to oat values holding their own and probably advancing higher,
so considerable food stuffs will bo required in tho United States and Europe, 111 fact far moro than '.ve can supply.
We havo been getting several letlois from farmers and they all expect to soo prices docliuo when receipts get heavy, but wo cannot so it iu that way. Of course, wo may Jiave a temporary downward reaction,
but this is tho time for the fanners to held their grain, nud we suggest th.il farmers select a good, reliable commission merchant, consign all thoir car-lot shipments of grain to him, and then rely upon his advico as to the
proper time to soil or hold. It will pay thom well to do this. .Wo do not think lt advisable for farmers to hold
grain too long. The heavy storago charges in tho terminal elevators cat heavily into tlio profits accrued through
any substantial advance in market prices, and when prices at the beginning uf tho season aro f;\lr, wo advise
selling. Of course, thero aro timos when, by holding anywhere from ten days to two months, tho advancing
market makes it a vory profitable doal, but as to tho advisability of holding for evon this length of time, wo
think it best for farmers to depend upon the advice givon by his commission agent.
Wo foel suro that the abovo information and advico is going to dispel tho quandary which many farmers
are in ns to tho advisability of markotlfig thoir grain now or holding, and even if this should be all, wo would
feel repaid for tho expense of publishing this information, However, wo kuow that fanners, even more than
other business mon, recognize and appreciate a good turn, and will show their appreciation substantially whon
tho opportunity offers. We know that our old customers will still employ us to handle their grain consignments this soason, as in other yoars, but we also know that thoro are many others who appreciate our information and advice, and many of those will show their appreciation this season by forwarding us at least one
car-lot shipment to bo handled on commission. Get better acquainted with us now by shipping forward a car
oarly in the soason, and wo are perfectly satisflod that you will bo so pleased and glad to lot us havo tho handling
of tho balanco of your grain this season, and that future years will bring us all your grain shipments. We know
wo can satisfy you and thore is nothing else necessary to hold your custom. Wo UNDERSTAND this grain
business THOROUGHLY, and that COUNTS.
Address, 600 Grain Exchange, Winnipeg, Manitoba
P.S.^-If at all possible, don't throsh your grain until lt Is thoroughly dry. Have patience. It will pay
to wait, even for a considerable longth of time.' Good dry milling grades of wheat will likely be drawing a
good premium this soason, and it could easily happen that the drying facilities at Fort William and Fort Arthur
would nol prove equal to drying a vory largo quantity of damp and tough grain rushed forward. An ever-stock
might force shippers to sell out at sacrifice puces to prevent loss from heating.
Ill THE ISUNDEftfefiCMh^RUNi), E.C
Published  every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C., by
The Islander Printing & Publishing Company.
Cbarlss C. Segrave,
Managing Editor.
Advertising rales published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription priee $1,50 pet year, payable in advanoa.
The editor does not hold himself responsible for tiewi expressed by
SATUEDAY, NOV. 18,   1911.
"What the Editor haa to say.
Cumberland is not going to be caught like Victoria if
human power is responsible. We notice the city gang digging
out the hydrants from amidst their bed of snow, yesterday
and we would suggest that the fire wardens look iuto some
method of having the hose reel mounted on a sleigh for the
winter as it would prove easier to handle than the cart.
Cumberland is not the only place that has had a fall of
snow, Vancouver traffic was tied up for two or three days last
week, and although the mines have had a little inconvenience
the light weight of the snow alohg with running engines regularly to keep the tracks clear, work in general has not been
very far retarded.
CAPITAL, ■ $10,000,000 REST, -  $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including the discount and
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes are supplied free of charge
on application.
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to bt operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as is given to all other departments of the Bank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as satisfactorily as
by - personal visit to the Bank. »23l
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
Centre of the rich Buckley Valley, centre of supply for Prince
Rnpert, rent re nf I hit Richest, mining district iu B. C. BUY
NOW Mure prices g<> up. Price, business lots 9260, corner ¥350.   Terms $50 cash, bai. 6, IS and 18 months- Apply
.Is lander Office or
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life. Live Stock
... Accident.
Pride in municipal aflairs is something that every man ought
to have, especially in cities like Cumberland, where so much de
pends on the Mayor and the Council that are elected. There
are men who go to the polls on election day and vote, for certain men because that man has done something fbrthem he has
through some small act of friendship or obligement, proven
himself a good fellow or perhaps it is just a chance he takes like
a horse race and puts the reputation of his oity and its affairs
upon the back of a hundred to one chance, that is, one chance
to a hundred that the reputation cf the city, the finances of the
city, or any of its affairs will be carried through to a finish; or
be a credit to the men who do the betting, or in other words
cast their ballot on that chance. There is always an element in
every town who are filled with that spirit.
Then there are other elements that are exactly the opposite;
the staid, long headed citizen, and there are religious cranks
galore and various other cranks, but the ideal voter is the man
who lays all prejudices aside.and who puts ou his thinking cap
and does not cast his vote for this or that man because that
man, did this or that in his private life; but the ideal voter
takes every man on his record in public affairs and the things
lie has done for the city, and eliminates the private and personal side of the candidate's affairs.
We hope there are many such in Cumberland and who
have a pride in their aflairs municipal, who will turn out and
put the best men in the council thpt can be obtained, next
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. O.
All Kinds of Hailing Done
First Class Bigs For to.
Orders Promptly Attended to
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no ohemicals used
in its manufacture
B ottled Beep Supplied to the Trade Only.
===Best on the Soastsss
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
Fanoy Caps and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets. .
k Fall Stock of Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.  McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
^Sect&nelX & |$n>aif es
"glteaf: Estate
11 ■
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox Distriot.
Beadnell & Thwaites
.J. CoM
• i
"Leadlnf tebscco Kla(."
Better known as
"long Willie"
Dealer ia Fruits, Candy, Cigars
■ad Tobacco.
f__ Billiard Room in Connection
Horseshoeing a Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
For downright crass impudence the palm must be giveli
Champ Clarke, speaker in the National House of Representatives, when he staled his proposition at Freemont, Neb., the
other day, that he would run for President on a platform call
ing for annexation of Canada. Even if Champ's aspirations were
fulfilled—but no sane American takes Champ seriously anyhow
—Canada's little "say" would send this fanatical Napoleon home
"with a flea in his ear."—Kamloops Standard.
Display Advertisements
75 cents per column inch por month.
Special rato for half page or more.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cent*.
Ko accounts run for -hia class of advertising
l.Oi'nl Agent for
The London A Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Oet rates before insuring else
Office: Cumberland
:   :   :   CEIVED  :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
The Club Cafe
Courtenay, B. C, Next door to Opera House
White Cookine
and White Help Only,
Everything Eirst Class
The right place for a good square or a
■ Ml tttJJblft CtTMfcERLAND. B.O.
Don't Miss
Wm Hora* it t
10 DAYS S *
Wonderful Bargains in All Lines. J |
m. W* AST on
Practical  Watchmaker
All Wori\ Guaranteed
Dunsmuir Ave   :   :  Cumberland
The Russell
The only Car Made
in   America  with
the "Silent Knight.
ValvelesB Engine,"!
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland. Brantford, Msssey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bloy-
oles; Fairbanks Morse Oas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Machines, Guns, ete.     Scissors and SkaUs ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages.    If oops Jor Tub*
The T i
ThiH St *• ■°"iirH.> tvennn
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Union Lodob No. 11, I. 0. 0. F.
Meeta every Friday evening st 7 ooioek
in 1. 0. 0. F. Hell.   Vuiting brethern
J*s. E. Aston, Sscrbtary
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer ln Town
Agenta for Pilsener Beer
The finest hotel in the city.
Painter and
AU Work D&ne under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' stbre,
Dunsmuir Avenue   Cnmberland
For One Week Only
Per Cent
G me and see the stock
Nothing bat the Best
Ledioi, Gents end Children, er« offered st thi*
tin. 82,8 p. i.
Grand Scotch
Hen lit
Cumberland Hall
Thursday, Nov. 23
8 p. m.
The Second Harry  Lauder
AGNES WALLACE, th.j ,, .. Piwtln th, Wnri. Hlw E.tia BM*
•ii, Ovo^e D.,"'.. 0. Ef. L.rrigui, 0.  H. Adbm, All flpii.Nlw, mt
Two Screaming Scotch Farcesi
"McCluskey*s Troubles" and "McGregors iiGlcKt'"
Tickets 75,50,25
Reserved Seats at Peacey's Drug Store
See  us about your
next printing job
Prints everything
i-'i,        i
Anaemic Mothers
Here is Relief!
Yon Cm Enrich Your Worn-out Blood
ud Quickly Renew Your Health
With Dr. Hamilton's Pills
Sufferer of   Twenty Years   States Dr.
Hamilton's Pilla Are a Real Curo.
'•I can't remember any time during
tho past '2t) yoars when my hoad wasn't
aching. If J bent ovor, dark specks
would come boforo my eyes, und it
seemed as if all the blood in my body
wanted to rush to the head." Thus
opens tho letter of .Mrs. Enoch S. Spry,
of Putnam P.O., ami continuing her
interesting statement sho says: "Work
or exertion mado my heart beat terrible,
and going np stairs caused stick shortness of breath that it fairly frightened
mo. My dootor told me that if that
was the ■ cau^o Ur. Hamilton's Pill:
are tho greatest blood reuewer on earth.
I tell yon how I feel today und you
can understand what a great euro Dr.
Hamilton's Pills have made, I feel
strong enough to work liko a man,
as for going up stairs on tiie run, it
doesn't bother me at all, t eat and
sleep as any well person ought, and
as for dizziness which used to frighten
me so much, it has entirely disappeared,
Dr. Hamilton's Pills are a wonderful
woman's medicine. They helped me in
other ways, too, and I know every
woman that uses them will have comfort
and good health. Refuse anything offered you instead of Dr. Hamilton's
Pills of Mandrake and Butternut, 25c
per box. All dealers or the Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Ontario.
"I would liko to got off today, sir,"
said the oilieo boy.
"What for?" askod tho boss.
"My grandmother died last night,
"But you told mo that story bofore."
"Yes, sir; sho dies every night, sir.
She is playing Little Eva in au 'Uncle
Tom's Cabin' show, sir."
When Alice .Tones was eighteen sho
becamo Miss E. Alysso Jones. When
she went to enter a normal school she
wus asked her uunio by thc doan. Sho
replied: "Miss E, Alysso Jones—
A-1-y-s-s-e." " Ves,'' saiil the dean,
"and how aro you spoiling '.Tones
now ?" *
I've hud eold cnills running ovor mo
all day," tho thin mun complained.
" Vou ought to bo glad of thut," suid
his heartless friend, !
"I don't think 1 understand you, Why
should 1 bo glnd?"     '
"Oh, Well, you know, it is (juito un
ordinary thing to huve cold chills.
There's no cause for alarm. Just think
whnl an extraordinary thing it would bo
if you should huvo hot chills running
over yon."
Senator Kobert L, Taylor tells about
u man in tho backwoods of Tennessee
who applied for a pension for a gun-
suot wound. An examining surgeon
of the medical board stripped and examined him, ejaculating finally:
"Old man, wc cannot find a single
blemish on your hide. Whero wore you
shot during the w;ir?"
The old mnu■ snid:."Well, gentlemen
1 wns shot in the substitute."
# ' #    *
"Sire," suid thc bellboy to tho summer hotel clerk, "awake and pay attention ou your life!"
"Slave!" hissed the potentate, "why
do you arouse ine? Is somo important
personage arriving?"
"Kven so. An Illinois seuator approaches! "
"Ah! But I was prepared. All the
valuables are locked up in the safe."
And the clerk roturnod to his slumbers.
A young newspaper worn m, disturbed in he;- dreams of future happiness,
decided to consult a palmist, aad spent
an afternoon recently fo visit one in
West Philadelphia. She heard what
the fortune-teller had to say, but wns
not satisfied with the results. "Well,
well," she asked, impatiently, "i.n.I
nice little dog thatI what sort of nmn will my huibnnd bo
■ ■ ■- 'and when will I meet li'.mf"
"O-oo-oh!" half whistled thc palmist.
"There is no husband in sight; JOU
will remain single all the days of your
life." "I am glad to know it," retorted thc young woman. "Nov; I'll
show 'om who 1 am—I demand ihnt
'women shall be free and shall imi
longer be slaves to a system whioh deprives them of thoir rights."
eluded with a request for one cent's
worth of cat's meat. Tho grocer sighed, for this order would havo to bo delivered throe miles away—but, as he
was entering the itoms in his order-
book, tho lady called him up aguin.
Mr. Sunds," she said, "oh, Mr.
Sandsl" "Yes, madam?" "Mr.
Sands, I want to cancel that order for
cat's moat.   The  cat's just caught a
."Those kids I teach aren't a bit
slow," observed a school teacher. "In
fact, I'm afraid they road the papers.
The othor day I proposod tho following
problem to my arithmetic class:
" 'A rich man dies and leaves
$1,000,000. One-fifth is to go to his
wife,' one-fifth to his uon, one-sovonth
to his daughter, one-eighth to his brother and tho rest to foreign missions.
What does ench get?'
" 'A lawyer,' said tho littlest body
in tho clnss promptly."
Charles Yerkes, the street railway
magnate, "played tho game" when he
was at it. What ho wanted wns results, nnd ho didn't scruliu.7.3 tho
means employed too closely. Olio day
a friend who hnd boon involve,! ip some
rnther questionable deals with him
veloped symptoms. "My desk has beon
robbed, Yerkes," said he, "ami the
plan we formed for squeezing X. & Co.
out of business has been stolen 1 'm
afraid that it has fallen into thc hands
of some unscrupulous po«>n." Mr
Yerkes laughed loudly, "Mv de-u* foi*'1
low,' * said ho, '' choor up. It could
not possibly full into thc hands of persons more unscrupulous thnn we are."
-:.      *     *
Th'o appetites of healthy children uro
proverbial. A group of such children
not long sinco were taken on a modest
outing by an adult admirer, and lunch-
con was arranged for. The children
partook with fair heartiness und every
appearance of enjoyment; tho hostct-s
waa correspondingly pleased. But on
the way home, half nn hour later, to
hcr astonishment und mild horror, the
oldest child remarked, sedately:   /
"Well, guess I'm ubout ready for
And from nil the rost came tho eager,
icsponsive chorus:
"So'm I!"
"My ono wish will bo," writos Harry
P. Pollard, a well-known boot aud shoe
trnveilor of Hartford, "thut everyone
with u bad stomach may learn as 1
did before it's too late, that Nerviline
is tile Ono remedy to curo. Why, I wus
iu mighty bnd shapo, my digestion was
all wrong, und ovory night I would
waken up with a start nud find my
heart jumping like a threshing machine.
This was caused by gas in my stomach
pressing against my heart. When I
started to uso Nervilino I got bettor
mighty fast. It is certainly a grand
remedy for the travelling mun, keeps
your stomach in ordor, cures cramps,
prevents lumbago, or rheumatism,
breaks up chest colds aud sore throat-
in faet, there hasn't boon an acho or
pain inside or outside for the past two
years that I haven't cured with Norvi
line.  Uo you wonder I recommend itf'
"Now, boys," said the toucher, "I
noed not tell you anything further of
the duty of cultivating a kindly disposition; but I wiil tell you a little
story of two dogs.
"(ieorge had a ■^__^____
was as gentle as a lamb. Iio would sit i
by George's side quietly for au hour
at a time. He would not bark nt passers-by, nor at strange dogs, and would
never  bite  anybody  or  anything.
"Thomas's clog, on the contrary, w;fs
always fighting other dogs, and would
sometimes tear thom cruelly, lie would
also ily at the hens am! cats in the
neighborhood, ami on several occasions
had beeu known to seize a cow by the
nostrils and throw her. Ile barked ut
all  tho strange men  that onme nlong.
nud  would
le them
s, wblcn
would like
or T'n
as.'s ?''
•    0
ame   the
BWOr   in
eager shou
It Ima boon asked whether stop]
on a man's corns is sufficient provocation for swearing. The editor advises
keep your toes clear of corns, by using
Putnam's t'ninlosa Com Kxtrnctor, nlwnys be*!, puinlOBS and prompt. Sold
by druggists, price 25c.
• >T7*
I Swollen Varloo8eVeniEB$'4
in.:-, i
• ■ !   ' '
rr V   '■
\ • ■
J1'   ■•
.    <
'"_ ■
Ai. li
ond ;
.'.:   1   •   ! -1
3lUfl .
s or  > '■■■
(in i' -
Hit, ■•■
aai *\ Hi iiiid it|i-
..i'.i.i:.i-;,.n:.,h.a 1 •
...nit nuuuptlo Ilul* , !
As a summer recreation tho actress
decided lo stirt a poultry farm, which
she did with n barnyard j_e and thirteen eggs from tho village store. Kot
having oven llie most elementary
knowledge of poultry, she inquired of
a neighbor how long ogHs generally
took to hatch. She received the reply:
Three weeks for chickens and four
r ducks.'' The neighbor met her
me time afterward, and on being asked how the poultry farming was going
on, sho replied, with a lowering countenance: "Oh, I've finished, with It.: At
the end of three weeks thoi'j were m\
chickens, so I took the hon oil, as I
(t.dfl't* Vvaiit  ducks."
Xobcd\ ever mentions it since they
have conii.. iuto moae,v,.biit .at one time
there were sooIfiflgf spirits hi tUo neighborhood who had been known to aver
that itt "one time old Wellerby had
driven a bus. If. .that had been so,
young Wellerby had innhugeil very successfully to banish the memory of thoso
dreadful days from his mind. Thero
was a reception at Wellerby House one
day recently, nnd lhe young heir to the
broad domains was observed lo be ostentatiously showing '-off, the. family
seal. It represented rit, George aud the
Dragon. "One of my ancestors, you
know," ho observed pompously, "is
suid to havo killed: lhe. Dragon."
"Cood gracious!" snid ju .scoffer lien)
by. "Uow did he manage \',t I sup-
l>n>-o   he   didn't.  -er—: un   ove"   it,   did
One id' Iho b-ftst known uud ablest of
Bngllah jud^ps is not given to tne uso
nl' BUporfluous words, and his fondness
for brevity is suoh that he embraces
every possible opportunity of leading
others to seek it also. During tho hear-
mi;; nf a certain case which case before to Black
this judgo, a learned king's counsellor j roadsters
tn-nsed awny at what seemed likely to
n iul enui liable length, until his
hip, becoming utterly weary of thc
An ancient evil in St. Louis, ■:
rooted many years ago, was the systom
of street railway faro collection by
which lhe passengers going over the
long course of Broadway paid o '.ch silo
of Olive street. Tho one-fare system
went into ell'ect when tho Republicans
were in power, und was used us a campaign weapon. But a Koivy Pat-'h
orator, who had an affectionate constituency, took his opponents''club awny
from them and clouted them sliMW i'y
over Hie ears with it, lo flu, satisfaction of his hearers, "Whei the
Dimmycrats were in," he proclaimed,
"ye wa-alked to yer wurruk an' raved
a dime. Xow thnt the Hay publicans
are in. ye wa all; to yer v.ir.iuk und
onlv save a nickel.''
Prank Allen and Daniel Lambert
have taken first premium iu tho Aineri-
cun Carriage class at the Indiana State
Fair, and three of his gets have also
been awarded first, premium, Besides
taking first iu the Morgan Stallion
clnss they huve repeatedly taken second iu tho lioudster Stalliou class,
where speed was considered, und over
u large field of record horses. Not only
hnve they excellent disposition, endurance and strong constitutions, but unlike mnny of the Morgan family they
have the size which is so much in demand at the present time,
Mr. Wilkin also has two registored
Morgan brood mures of good size and
quality, weighing 1,110 nnd 1,100 lbs.,
which nre producing excellent fouls to
his stallion, nnd these inures trace to
.lustin Morgan, founder oi the Morgnns,
about fifty times.
Something like a deadlock lies been
brought about between Canada and the
United Stntes over the vexed question
of the international lisneries. Instead
of approving without modification th1
treaty drawn up in 1008, the United
States senate have attempted to alter
it'"'.ru severul radical respects to meet
the objections of some of the states
affected, Thoy have also inserted, contrary to one of the articles of tho
treaty, a proviso that no further regulations or amendments should bo adopted without the approval of Congress.
Tt is not surprising that Canada should
have objected to suoh proposals, especially in view of the fact that the
necessary legislation to permit the requisite proclamation by the governor-
general was passed at Ottawa last year.
The worst feature of the situation is
thut it scarcely offers encouragement
for entering upon further negoilations
of a similiar kind.
air, moisture, warmth nnd food' in order to live, multiply and work. The
particular food of a great many bacteria is sugar, and the product which
they manufacture is called acid. Por
instance, when the juice- is pressed
frum the apple it ia called swoot cider
because of tho sugar it contains. But
soon tho bacteria enters from tho air,
from unclean utensils, or from othor
surroundings, and nt once begin to
work upou tlio sugar, which soon turns
tho cider herd und finally it becomes
vinegar', unless put into an air-tight
keg and kept in n cool place.
Among the constituents of milk are
water to tho amount of 87.1 por cont.;
fat, 3.9 per cent.; casein, 8,5 per cent.;
mineral matter, .75 per cent., and sugar,
4.75 per cent. When tho milk is firs$
drawn it tastes sweet, boeauso of tho
milk sugar which it contains, just tho
snme as eider tastes Hweet whon it is
first pressed from the apple, Tho average milk, as will be soon, contains near'
ly r> por cent, sugar, which means about
"» pounds fnr overy oue hundred pounds
of milk, whioh, when changed into acid
by the bacteria produces what wo call
To work boat, thoso bacteria require
warm surroundings uf about 70 degrees
P., or room temperature; besides they
must have some nir nnd enough moisture to keep their food, the sugar, iu
solution. The milk, the same as cider,
has ull theso conditions present, so
just assooii as it is drawn the bacteria
begin to work rapidly, becauso since
tho milk Is warm all the conditions
necessnry aro exactly right. Thon, unless the milk is cooled, thoy continue
rapid work until all the sugar is cluing-
od to ucid—thc milk soured.
Since  these   littlo   organisms   must
first   get   Into  the   milk   theti   havo  a
warm   temperature  in   which  to work,
(he way to prevent, the milk from souring is to keep the bncterla out as much
ble,  then   make  the  snrrouuil-
old   that  Ihey  eunhot work,
have  all   surroundings,  as
When Nostrils are Plugged
Your Catarrh Is Bad
Most   Agreeable  and  Surest Cure  Is
Catarrhozone, Wliich Cures Every
Curable Case
IIS    pOKHll
To  iio tlii
Catnrrho/.ono provos espociully good
iu those chronic cases whoro mucus
drops down tho throat, sickens tho
Btomuch, and pollutes tho breath.
Whon tho nostrils aro stuffed, only a
fow brotiths through tho inhalor aro
needed to clear tho passages, and whoro
thoro is coughing and soro bronchial
tubes the soothing, healing properties
of Catnrrho/one act almost as magic.
Once you stop taking medicino into
the stomach aud get the healing oils
and pure balsams of Catarrhoxone at
work you can bo suro of quick nnd
lasting cure for noso colds, cntarrh,
weak lungs, bronchitis, and speaker's
soro throat.
"Ab Catarrhozone lias cured me of a
Catarrhal Cough and Asthma that lasted thirteen years, I feel I can honestly
recommend it. I really nsed all kinds
of medicine, but Catarrhozone was the
only one that did any real good. I am
entirely cured—have no cough, no bad
breathing spells, not a sign of a cold or
catarrh about me. But I will always
occasionally uso 'Catarrhozone,' I prize
lt so highly.
"Mrs. K, I.. Osgood,
"Johnson P.O., Ont."
lhe complete $1.(10 outfit of Cntarrh-
ozone is snllieiont for '- months' treatment, nnd is guaranteed. Smallor size
60c. at ull dealers, ur Tho Catarrh-
u/.one Co., Hull'iilo, N.Y., and Kington,
yard,    stable    and    stall
Tke Htrsenan
ieieor. Oal. .irwriUe"!!"'"
British   Oolumbla
B.C .  In the r»moui Friitr
IV.   '4»rd«n «..   _.„..   ._  _
•eile. Pineal farming tnd fruit Und In Iha
• ••r'/- Irrigation imnt-wn. B.C. KlMlrie Ky.
ru , *.,-!,•:•••!■ CNR. trmmvititiiifiiul and
** ■■-■ilium building Chllliwick » nindrrD
Mf — wjtorwirki, *i*atrte linhi, ete. Urcsn
km* ihf j*** roffijd Thr Prairi* Man'a
"•j-tdli"'—n»   I rial,   no   Jour   mouth'a   anow.
Vm* H T Oondlaud. S*cr Board of
"id*. Chilliw»rIt, for all li'formation. hook
*-.i   mapi   ew -THKM  COMB
.cootiiiigflj suddenly lookod toward tho
lakor, luul gently Inquired whit day
was. The question waa so utiox-
■tod llmt the barrister luolirl a while
kIipit iinrnzcmeiit nt the quo^t'uuter.
'Tuesiluy. me hul," he renli.?il, when
hud partly recovered from  iiis sur
Por years John T. Wilkin, of Con-i
nersviile, Ind,. was u close student of'
the families of tho American bred trot-
tor with the object of ascertaining
whicli one produced the most beauty,
speed and general usefulness, llis extensive Investigations led to the conclusion that in Vermont Black Hawk
auil.his descendants were found more of
these qualities thnn in any other family. Consequently when he purchased
his stallions, Frank Allen and Daniel'
Lambert, it was with the idea of getting as mueh of the uloodjof Vermont
Black Hawk as possible 'through his
most famous sons, Etlianj Allen and
Daniel Lambert, and in this he was
highly successful. >
Flank Allen 4004, American Morgan
Register, is tlio champion -Morgan show
stallion nnd Is the son of Ashley's
Ethan Allen (sire of Allen Jin id,
2:1JJ 1-2, and others), dam Miss Gil Iig,
by dillig, S:B8 l-'J (sire of Ventura,
2:14 1--, and twentv-three others ill
the list); second dam" Dolly, bv Daniel
Lambert (sire of foumee, 2:10 14, and
thirty-seven other trotters); third dam
by Thomas Jefferson, lie is a soul
brown, weighing 1,21S pounds ordinary
flesh, full sixteen hands high, grand
cou I'm innt ion, a pure "a it e.i I in tier
wilh high aid ion and .-peed, and has
proVflVl himself a most potent sire, lie
is nu inbred Morgan with six crosses
Hawk, the greatest sire of
and show horses that over
llis olher stnllion, Daniel Uinl
(JltiOf is the sou of Prank Allen
noiei| above, dam Moly Lambert, by
I Jail Iol Lambert G2j second dam bv De
Long's   Etlinu  Allen   J5J3;   lliird'dam
Mrs .loachim Clamlerburry, eighty
yeiirs old and partially blind, recently
began work as a stenographer for a
Toronto. Ontario, broker, who deals in
Western Caaadian properties. She had
been ia training for the position for a
year. So far she has givea entire
..I. Mauvel, tirst president of Portugal, recently elected by the natioaal
republic assembly, is a diplomat in
checking the revolutionary spirit which
might be fanned into a flame of civil
war.     He is a citizen id' Arriega,
King Albert of Belgium i> intensely
practical aad has a keen eye for business, in spito of his exalted position.
He expects to yislt this country soon
to promote his cherished scheme of
creating n national merchant marine so
(hat Belgium freights may be carried in
Belgium bottoms instead of in foreign
ltev. Dr, Washington Gladden,
coined tho phrase "tainted money
tendered his resignation as pastor
First Congregational Church of t
bus, Ohio, because members of his
would not attend services ia sullicienl
numbers to meet with his approval. lie
has beeu pastor of the Columbus chinch
sihcp'1888, uad had been in the ministry since 18G0, A few years ago he
led' the Opposition to proposed gifts
bv John V. Rockefeller to the churches
of tho United States.
General  Ekbert de Wall, the   Moer
leader  who  was  exiled  because  ho  refused to take the oath of allegiance ut.
the close of the war with  England, is
now ■ pastor   of   the   lloheiiwnhl,   Tennessee, Swiss church.      Two years ago
he made a trip to Cape Town, but '.he
authoriiies   refused  him   permission  to
I de Wall is a scholarly
twelvo   InilguagbS,  and
if college degrees; As
nd   pttstor   he   gives  his
Thos. Griffin, of Fence Rivor (Landing,
Tells How He Got Rid of His Rheumatism—Honestly Earned Popularity
Cobl Springs, Peace Rlvor Landing,
Alta.—(Special).—Just why Dodd's
Kid aoy I'ills retain tludr wonderful
popularity is easily shown by a trip
across the prairies. Kvery town, village and jiost-olliee has at least one
man or woman who is ready to tell of
pains relieved and health restored by
the groat Canadian Kidney Komody.
Let Thos. Griffin, of this place, add his
statement to the hosts already published.
"Whon 1 eamo to this part of tho
country,'' says Mr. Orillin, "1 wus
troubled with a bad back and Rheumatism ia my shoulders and hips. I
sent for six boxes of Dodd's Kidney
Pills and thoy gave mo relief at oiw-e.
I also recommended them to my eldest
son wlnj was confined to his bed from
"Nnw I know that Dodd's Kidney
Pills aro tho best medicine for Rheumatism and the Kidaeys. I recommend
them to overy person I hear complain
j of not  feeling woll."
Dodd's Kidney Pills mado their popularity by keeping oa curing sick kidneys. '
sanitary condition, then curry and brush
the cow at least with as much euro and
attention as is given the horsos. Keop
all pails, strainers and other milk utensils scrupulously clean, and finally cool
the milk to rm degrees P. immediately
aftor milking. Setting milk into an
iee box, u cave, or u collar to cool is
not a very good plan, boeauso of frequent poor ventilation and bad odors.
A more satisfactory way is to make
either a smnll vat, largo enough to
hold several shot-gun mill; cans, or cut
a barrel into halves and provide with
a well lifted cover to keep out all dust
ami shield the heat from the sun. Hy
placing this between the pump and thu
watering trough, then run a spout from
the pump to the cooler, ond anothr-
frniu tl
wat       ^mm	
of the cooler at all times. Tho aver-
ago temperature of well water is about
50 degrees P, so aa arrangement liko
this is a simple, inexpensive aad effective way to koop milk from souring.
You can toll when a man has mado
a Httle money by how patronizing ho is
to everybody who hasn't.
Tho average friend, like tho averago
shadow, is ouly on hand when the sun
(,'omhs should not bo washed, ('loan
them by passing a piece of soft rag
between tho toott).
lie cooler ta the trough, tresh, cool
mny bo kept about the contents
Ah, yes, quite so," responded tho
ge, ia his sauvest tones, "You see,
I only just wanted to mention that 1
shall not be sitting nftor next Saturday."
A lady who
called hor gr.
gave her usi
order for drii
day's broad, a
owned a tortoise-shell cat
ner up ono morning and
al economical order—aa
d beans, hominy, vester-
nd so forth—-nnd she con
A Household Modictne.—Thoy that
aro acquainted wilh the sterling properties of Dr. Thomas! ISCloctric oil in
Iho treatment of mnny nibnents would
not be without it in tbe house. It is
effective in dealing with many ordinary complaints? it is cheaper than a doctor. So, keep it Ut hand, as the call for
it may como most unexpectedly.
' has
f the
ti   pi
speak in
a uum!
Worms Peed upon the vitality of children and endanger thoir lives. A simple
and effective cure is Mothor Graves'
Worm Exterminator.
.Afraid to Eat?
Ch   Maw!
of  age,      Kmmm_mm_mm_mm_mm_mm_mm
1,050 pounds.
Although Black Hawk
moat and Massachusetts,
is  six   years
and  weighs
ood  in  Vor*
et manv of
s and grandsons took (irst premiums in Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio and
Illinois back in tho 00's, 70's and Nil's.
and for many yours iu succession they
wore not beaten in the ohl National
Morse Show, at St. Louis, Mo. Prominent among thoso woro Indian Chief,
Blood Chief. Silver Heel. Rudd's Black-
Imwk, Lady Do Jamotte, .hibileo Do
Jarnetto, Greon Mountain Plackhawk,
Diilnlh, Illinois Chief, Silver Heels and
Stockbridgo Chief.
Tho blood of Blnck Hawk appears
in a great mauy of tho foundation sires
of the Saddle ..orse Register and is
very highly considered. Cannon, tho
stnillon chosen tn head the stud of the
I'ailed States Experimental Station,
Fort Collins, traces three times to
Black Hawk, and the Govornmont
Breeding Farm, nt Middlebury, Vt.,
is devoted entirely to the breeding of
time and talent free of chuTgo, boing
wel! off in worldly goods and tft.klng
pleasure iu philantropic work.
Miss Annie Loury, of Xew York, win
ititond« to found, with tho ftssistunci
of .Mrs. Hetty Green, a nnivi."-H\
named after Christopher Oolumbifs.-'was
made a countess by Pope Loo XllT. in
100$, ili recognition of her nnniHleeu"o
to'educational, charitable, and religions
enterprises, At that time only' two
women in this country had be oil honored by the Pope. They were Mr-i. .'"Iin
Shormnn and Miss Gwendoline Caldwell, who had been decorated witli the
Order of the Golden Rose. The titles
of count, countess, duke aid the like
.wore instituted during the time of the
temporal power of tha Dope, and wore
recognized ia the Papal principalities.
and you won't know you hare a stomach. They will aee to it
that your food is properly digested. They are among tht
best of the NA-DRU-CO preparations, compounded by
expert chemisa and guaranteed by the largest wholesale
druggists in Canada. 50c a bos. If your druggist has not
stocked them yet, send us 50c and we will mail you a box.
ouring of milk is not unlike the
of   fruit   juice   or   vegetable
SOUVlllg Am-m-_-_-_-_m-_-_-_-_-_-_-^__
matter. Tt is due to the action of n
particular hind of microorganism
which we rail bacteria. Theso littlo
organisms aro a good deal like other
forms of life, in that they must have
c    ■   .   .
.^1 uim'tll i
1     sa niiil t urei,"
ii tnd 8«clirl«l«sHtt, 60SHEK, in., ll. t, I.
A New Head In 30 Minutes
Exctuni* that achinc. throbbing, wrftertnc, muddled bead
for a cUu, coul, ccrnforUblii cn« by taking •
NA-DRU-CO Headache Water
25c a box at your dmcetits' or by mail (ran ft
National Drug nnd Chemical Co. of Canada, I imbed.
A Medical Need Supplied.—"When a
medicine is found that not ouly acts
upou the stomach, but is so composed
that certnin ingredients of it pass unaltered through tho stomach to find
action in the bowels, thon thoro is available a purgative and a cleanser of great
effectiveness, Parmelee's Vegetable
Tills nro of this character and aro tbe
best of all pills. During the years that
they have boen in use thoy havo established themselves as no other pill has
| done. > -
fl        Plaster Board takt
Plaster Board taken the place of Lath, and is fireproof,
Tho "Emipre" brands of Woodfiber and Hardwall
Plastor for good oonstruotion.
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
ill /
Who is This
Remarkable Man?
Eevcnla Yonr Innermost Socrots, Points Cut
Your Friends nnd Poos, Telia You Aboul
Changes, Journeys, Opportunities,
nnd Lays Bin Amazing Truths
of Liro That Han e Been
Jealously Guarded
for A ((es by
Ib thoro truly - .iy Blgnlflcnnee lo (lis
■erenth veil the?;y! Wlmt gift cf ini, nt
or power enabloi Prof, ciuy Burton Vnnco
1.. poor In-
o <> p t Ivoly
M n t ii thn
lives of peo-
l>lt> iiiid tui-
f o 1 d thu
liilhi-rui unknown Divs-
terles o f
llfo I Thoso
„ r o lho
pro Ijli'ins
thnt thousands o f
iu o tt and
women oro
siting    t»
UflVO        0 X •
plit'uicd. Ho
greut and
far rencblng
Inix   the   ru-
IlilWlt   of ihin
cn «t   ndniu
j>  ('   O U  111   o
known that
his ndrlco Ir liolnR eagerly Bought l<y Bcorcs
of people in every pan of the civlU&od
Annnic thf mnny oxpri'RHlon* of prnlRO and
opinion* of hi Li work, tlio following tlte fair
Mr. Ko*ert C. Bowes writes: "Thn powers
of Prof,  Vuueo are nothing shirt  of mli'nctl*
lmiB.   I wiih nhBotutoly astonished by what
I rend." Miss Minnie Hnrnctt kii.vh: "TIuh
morning 1 have had jinnther proof of tlio
accurnry nf yotir wonderful predictions."
Mr. Lafayette Redd Itt writes: "My rending
received. Willi Mio greatest nmntetnont I
read, nfi step l>y step ymi outlined my llfo
since Infancy,    I must admit tbat you nru
Indeed n very reniarlcihle man, nnd am _r\\o\
you mho your great gift to benefit your
Arrntigements hnvo been mndo to glvo
free tent Horoscopes tn all readers of this
paper, hut it is on pee in lly requested that
those  who  wish   to  nviiil   themielvos  of   ihls
fonerous offer mako. application nt onee,
f you wnnt to Itnow about your business,
marring^ changes, ocoupntion, friends, one-
mlos or what to do to nchlevQ Hueeess, slm-
ply send your full name, tho dato, month
nml vear of your birth, and nlso state whether Mr., Mrs. or Miss. Send your letter to
Prof.  ClHy  Hinton  Vnnco,  BultO  012,  No.   14
Rue de Richelieu, I'aris, Prance. If you
wish you may enclose 10 cents (stumps of
your own country) to p»y postage, clerical
work, etc, Plenae nolo that f» cents postage
is required on letters posted to France, Do
not enclose coins or silver in your letter.
Business College
College open Uiruiif hout thn whole
year. Students m»y join at any time.
"Ike Practical Colleje"
Write for freo catalogue-
D. COOPER, CA      •      Principal
Well, Well!
.jhat ANYONE
I dyed ALL these
of Goods
■Ith the. SAME Pile-
trr—r-   "ram*a
_       I used
OLEAN and 8IMPLB to Ua*.
NO rh.nn ol u.lns th. WRONG Dr. tor Ihe Good.
At. baa lo color. AIL-olor. from your Drugol.t or
..I... FRKK Color c:.,d and STORY BooklM f,
-. JoHmoo.|Urtn.d.o« Co.. UmUt*. HoMml.
Business College
Cat. Ptfttn An. nl Elautis SI.
Counts — Bookkeeping,   Shorthand. Typewriting _ English
Vail term bow opea   Inter any time.   We
aaalht our etadenta in semiring
good poHltlona.
Write today for large tno catalogue.
Prealdont. I'rinelpal.
Ths Arnotl Institute treats ths CAUS€.
not the HABIT, and permanently cures
tht most hopeless looking cases In four to
sight weeks. V/riie for proofs, red. ranees
jn i Information to 1 _
Fitting horses for market is an art,
Likewise a fine art. Thoso of ub who
havo hud any experience in this connection realize what and extraordinary
change cun be wrought by tho application of careful methods of fooding and
wiflo uso of material, Notwithstanding this, tho subject of condition for
market has received but scuut atton
tion from investigators.
It is a matter of protie and loss whoro
the division botwoen thoso two is narrow or wido in direct ratio to man's
experience as a feeder uud his judgment of condition. The factors to bo
conmdored uro as follows: The grado
und market clnss of animals selected;
tho iuitiul cost of tho horso; its sound
ness; cost of food; tho ellicieucy of the
ration for rapid gains; tho longth of
tho feeding period; method of feeding;
tlio health of horso and maiuteiinnco
of soundness during feeding period, aiul
the soason of the yeur when put upon
tho murkct.
*aost of our practical feeders are
in tho hubit of using foods obtained
locally, und in muny cases such fodder
is augmented with stock foods of a con-
dimental nature. The only means at
their command to determine whether
those luttor aro of uny value, economically ami constitutionally, has boon
by casual observation. Whether those
feeds aro valuable or not has beeu a
mutter of conjecture, but ut tho present
timo, tho result of recent experiments
in tho States and Canada havo thrown
a good doal of light upon the subject
of fooding for this dosired ond.
Horsos, like human beings, have need
of a change of diet occasionally. The
appetite of nny animal is half the secret of successful fooding. Foods that
tempt the palate und appetite of tho
liorse cause greater secretion of the dis
solving juices of tho month, abdomen
and small und lnrge intestines. Con
sequently moro of the food is digested
nud digested thoroughly; greater quantities ure euten, and where it is the
aim to make quick gains, thiB latter
fact is of infinite importance. On the
other hand, if a single, unchanged and
unmixed ration is fed, tho appetite of
tne horso it little tempted; the animal
eats in a sluggish manner; the juices
of digestion uro weak und sluggish in
their action; tho amount is decreased,
and the result is ofttimes serious derangement of tho unimiil system and a
waste of good food thut might easily
huvo beeu exceedingly vuluuble had it
boen mixed and changed occasionally
It has been proven in thc light of the
aforomentionod facts, thut a grain ra
tion of corn and oats, whon fed with
clean, palatable clover hay, is for more
efficient thnn a single grain ration for
producing large gains in a feeding
period of about three months. Whilst
probubly u ration of corn, outs und
clover Imy is more expensive in its pri
mury cost thau oue of oats and clover
hay, the greater gains of tho threefold
feed mako its use more economical in
the final reckoning.
Another fact is that Clover hay.
when fed with mixed grains of com
und oats, is far more efficient for producing gains thnn is timothy liny fod
with the same grain ration. In fact,
a series of feeding experiments have
proved that clover hay produces on an
average 68 per cent, greater gnin than
timothy in a short feodiug period.
Many farmers are not awure of the
value of com as u horse feed, lt is,
howevor, becoming generally recognized
that this commodity is a food of ex
ceptionul vulue, and is becoming n
means of saving u great deal of expense hy feeding it with oats. For
example, u ration of one purt oats und
threo purts corn hns been proven to be
more economical us u flesh producer
than one of half oats und com. However, wo must bear in mind the fact
thut corn must be cnrefully used und
nevor used alone, because, whilst it hus
greater vnlue than outs us a flesh producer it has not tho same value fox
forming muscle, and furthermore, if fed
alone, it does not givo ns good results
us li mixed ration, with corn us one of
the component parts.
Bran is a food to be used with care,
especially when ih conjunction with
corn and fed with clover hay. The
hay is laxative and bran is very loosening, nnd hence curo must bo taken in
their combined use.
Perhaps it is a matter of carrying
coals to the coal district to explain
whnt u nutritive ratio is, but iu case
somo of us are not familiar with the
term, u fow words of explanation will
be in ordor. A nutritive ratio is a
statement of the relation existing between tho protein and- non-protein
matter of food, or in other words, the
relation between the flesh and non-
flesh, muscle antl non-muscle forming
elements. Tf we say thut a ration has
a ratio of ono to twelvo, we mean that
the relation between the protein nud
non-protein matter is one pnrt of the
former to twelvo purts of tho luttor.
This is u wider ratio thau is one of ono
to four. Tho protein of a food is supplied by the concentrates or tho grains,
nnd the ium protein by the coarse food
or the hay, straw and roots. Furthermore, thoro aro necessary for thc proper maintenance and development of
the animal body n number of elements
which it will not be ont nf place to
mention. They are ns follows: I'm-
tein, for muscle und sinew, aud tho replacing of waste tissuo; Carbohydrates,
for tho production of fut, nnd in some
uses muscle, if protein is not present
in suflicient quantities, nnd fut, for
the production of fut und flesh. These
must be present und in ns definite proportions us possible, becnuse ench of
theso constituents nssist nnd protect
the others from waste. With an understanding of these statements, we find
thnt for tho horso a ration with one
part of protein to ton parts of non-protein does not contain enough of the
former for the most economic production. With thc foods we have mentioned a narrower ration of ono purt
muscle and sinew former to eight purts
fat former is far more efficient und
To make this matter clearer. In
feeding our horses or other farm stock
we are feeding for either one or two
things—maintenance or production).
For maintenance vory small quantities
of tho protein contained in the grains
is needed, and therefore it is necessary to feed but little grain. If, howevor, wc wish to produce flesh or milk,
wo must huve something in the ration
which will supply building material.
It is iu this case necessary to feed'
moro protein in the form of tho grains
to mako this extra muscle, whilst the
elements of tho courso food will maintain tho animal body for the work of
digestion und maintaining of tho body
Exercise is absolutely necsBary to
the maintenance of health, yet in fitting tho horso for market it is wise
to exercise uo more than will koep tho
animal in good mettle aud freo movement of tho bowols. Work of uny kind
calls for use of tho food materials, und
tho more energy thut is expended tho
Jess the vulue of tho food for fleshing.
Do not, however, infer from this that
no exerciso is necossary. Ono of tho
groatest evils to the condition of the
horse is Inck of sufficient work, and one
must seo that the animal gets u reasonable amount of light exercise when
being fitted for sale.
Whilst boxstalls are safer than single
stalls for horses, they aro much moro
expensive, and in no wise aid tho animal in tnking on flesh. This fact,
however, must be borne in mind, that
the horse must not only be in n fat
condition for the market, but must also
bo in a healthy and strong muscular
shape as well, A horse is not bought
merely on his looks. If it ever is, it
is safe to suy, that a good-looking ani-
mnl that turns out to be u poor worker, will not bring ninny horso buyers in
search of our stock. Therefore, it is
only rousonuble that horso-breeders
and feeders Bhould ho careful not to
sacrifice condition to appearance, ond
should forego a littlo of the fleshing
to constitution aud strength.
The kind of marketable horso to
feed is, of course, largely dependent
upon the needs of your market, and
you are better able to judge whut is
needed in this respect than is tho writer
of this article Another factor is tho
season of tho year when marketed. It
is safe to suy that all heavy horses
will pny better than light horses in this
country, us u general rule, nnd good
and choice well bred animals will be
moro proutablo than those of an inferior grade.
We conclude from whut has bcen
writton, thut mixed gruin rations aro
moro profitable than single grain rations; that oats are invaluable ns horse
feed because of their appetizing properties and nutritive valuo; that corn
is an excellent food to aid in making
up tho grain ration; that bran and
clover hav must be used with precaution when fed together; corn solves
tho problem of gruin feeding whon
outs are scarce; oats and corn together
ure more profitable than outs alone;
corn gives better results with onts
when it constitutes the lurger purt of
the grain ration; exerciso is necessary;
but must not bo overdone; boxstalls
nre safer but not as economic.
whilst ull those things are helpful,
we must not forget that attention of
the first order is ulso necessary. Warmth; clean und well-ventilated stables;
a clean coat, obtained only by continuous currying, und puro cold wuter in
abundance  are indispcnsublc.
(From John  Bull).
Tho big "stramnsh" is on Cnuuda
now. The dominion is a soothing pot
of politico] bickering, und the timo
hus arrived for deciding whether reciprocity will be an accomplished fact,
und whether tho Union Jock will bo
pulled down nnd the Stars nnd Stripes
brought across tho border to fly on the
flagstaffs thut have so long supported
tho British flag. Make no mistake
ubout it. Tho light means British Cnnada or a Canada absorbed by thc
Yankee. True there is n muss of British feeling in Canada us keen ns thnt
in any of our possessions; but, thanks
to tho policy of sweeping into Canada
nil sorts and conditions of tho off-scour-
ings of Kurope, Asia, and tho United
States, who almost to a mun hute Kng
lund, und all that she stands for.
Butting political mutters aside, there
is but too much reason to believe thut
tho coming wiutor will bo the very
blackest time in the history of the
Dominion. Optimists tell ub that the
gruin crop this season will be the best
on record. The pessimist has moro evidence to sustain his contentions, Three
months ugo the crop promised well.
Since then the climatic conditions have
been solidly against a good harvest.
We havo it ou the most unimpeitchuble
authority thut there will be more straw
thuu gruin—and Btraw is not u merchantable commodity in Canada, The
heads of the gruin did uot fill, tho destructive rust showed up in tho crop
nil over the country; then eume frost,
which blighted thousands und thous-
nnds of ucres. and now we have a dispatch telling of a devastating cyclone
with heavy hail thnt swept away buildings razed crops uud played blue havoc
ull over the vVest.
Some months ugo tho banks tightened their grip on their money and refused to lend on certain securities, und
this gave a set-buck to thc bogus progress of the Dominion. The banks
will keep a tighter grip now, nnd there
will be weeping nnd wailing and crime
from the Atlantic to tho Pacific. All
progress will stop; the farmers will not
be able to meet their obligations towards the traders who huvo to depend
upon the crops for their payment; hundreds of thousands of our people will
be unable to find employment und will
have to resort to crime to mnke ends
meet—even us hundreds in thc cities
und towns hnve to resort to sand-bagging nnd highway rohbory nnd burglary at the present moment to keep
things going. In the United Stntes at
present there nre computed to be one
million men out of work, und the railways aro cutting down their staffs
enormously.   The  fute   of  the   United
States today will be the fute of Canada
tomorrow, nnd nothing can prevent it.
Tho pity is that so many thousands of
our peoplo, unfitted to Canadian hardships of the ordinary kind, have been
induced to go out on the word of the
immigration vampire who battens on
tho skull-tax givon to him for every
person Induced to croBs the Atluutic
to swell the steam and rail dividends.
Goodness knows the warnings given
in "John Bull" wero plain enough and
bucked by sufficient proofs. Yot ship-
loud after shipload of deluded wealth-
seekers have since been dumped in
Cnnnda. Wc nre less than threo months
off from the Canadian winter now. It
is but u short time. Wait und seo if
it will not be the blackest time in ull
tho history of tho Siberia to which so
many thousands of our undisuriminut-
ing people nre enticed.
We lmvo received a lotter from the
British Columbia Employment Bureau,
of Victorin, British Columbia, dated
August 18th. Tho Bureau usks us to
warn intending immigrants that this is
not u favorable time for going to British Columbia, There are thousands
tuere nuw out of employment. Owing
to a widespread depression in the Am-
ericun coast cities of Seattlo, Tacoma,
Spokane, and San Francisco, hundreds
uro entering this province, which mentis
u congested labor market, likely to assume alarming proportions whon labor
now employed in the fisheries, mining,
logging, road construction, und building industries ceases work for the winter. Routs nnd cost of living ure out
of all proportion to the wuge offered.
Tbe government hus no lund policy,
and the crown lunds aro in the hands
of speculators at prices impossible to a
The truth is, the provincial government hns played into the hands of the
railway companies by flooding British
Columbia with a large surplus of labor.
Phenomenal as our own increase in
population has beon, we are still a long
way behind China. The returns of the
census of 1000 hns just been completed,
und show mat the population of the entire empire numbers 329,542,000, and-
that of China proper 304,003,000. Thp
population of the city of Peking is returned ns 1,017,200 und that of the
metropolitan district outside of Peking
as 4,054,219. Tho population of Manchuria is givon us 14,917,000. These
figures mny not, however, be considered
more' thnn approximate, as no attempt
was made to count the number of individuals throughout the Empire, and thc
general enumeration was limited to a
toll of households. On the returns of
this latter count the estimate of the
number of individuals is based. It
was found that thc number of fumiles iu
the whole Empiro in 1910 wns 59,824,-
918. By comparing the results of u
partinl enumeration of individuals in
various provinces und the count of families in the same regions it wus found
that tho average number of individuals
in each family wns 5.5. As the estimated area of China proper is 1,535,000
square miles, the average number of inhabitants por square mile is 198,and in
Manehurie 41 per square mile.
Tho most notable of those curious
freaks of nature, "singing sands," are
thoso of tho island of Kauai; When a
smnll quantity of those is clapped be
tween tho hands it said to give forth
a sound so shrill us to resemble n hoot.
Put iuto a bug and violently shaken.
tkcBQ sands emit a noise strangely liko
tho bark of a dog.
On the beach ut Manchester, Massachusetts, ure tho so-culled "singing
sands," but these aro outdone by the
Hawaiian sunds mentioned, Similar
sands also occur in thc Colorado desert,
where ulso ure to bo found those curious shifting snnds thut continually
travel hither and thither over thc vast
plain of clay. Their movements ure,
of course, induced by tho winds, and
when a strong breeze is blowing, tho
silieious particles of which they ure
composed give out na audible humming
or singing. Under the microscope these
sands show an almost perfectly spheri
cal form, so thnt they roll upon each
other at the slightest impulse, a circumstance that also accounts for thc
rapidity with which the sands travel
over the desert.
One theory advanced with respect to
the "singing" of theso sunds is that it
is due to an exceedingly thin film of
gus thut covers tho groins. Gatherod
und removed from the desert, it is suid
that the sands lose their vocal properties.
Persian delicacies prepared for the
delectatioti of tho traveller sound somewhat like the banquets described in
fairy-tales, It is suspected thut the
natives dine somewhat more prosaically,
but what could bu moro tempting to
the epicure possessed of poetic fuuey
thnn the following i
One of tho best overtures to u wayside repast in Persia Is a watermelon,
not cut iu slices, us is done by some
neophyte, but euten, like un egg, one
end boing cut off, und the contents euten
with a wooden spoon—thut of tho pear-
tree Is the best—the rosy fluid trickling
ull the time to the bottom, und afford
iftg a fragrant beverage when the first
proceeding is completed.
As second course may bo recommend*
cd n cold fowl, with slices of snake
cucumber. For side dishes, the most
refreshing are sour milk with chopped
sage or rose leaves, nlso eaten with a
pear-wood spoon, or cucumber smothered
in sour cream. Jn Faristuu ice can
be obtained to add to these cooling pre-
purutions, which may also be flavored
with rose-water,
For dessert, tho most easily produced
dainties ure prepared cream or kuiuiak,
flnkoij with sugar, fresh almonds, iced
rose-water sweetened with honey or
rendered more fragrant with the aroma
of mountain thyme and absinthe or
Whilo the wholesale use of tobacco
has its evils, readily admitted even by
its devotees, the sweeping denunciations
of its use mny nlso go too far, Home
)f these extreme execrations are de
piecated by au editorial writer in Am
erican Medicine (New York). According to thiB journal about all that
we do know of tobacco it thnt it is injurious to tho very young uud iB apparently harmless to adults. Its use
should, therefore, be denied to boys,
but exactly whut age should murk the
limit is doubtful, the writer seems to
think. Statistics gathered iu Columbia University by Dr. G. H. Meylnn
show that tobucco-users in the Fresh-
man uud Sophomore classes uro heavier
uud bigger thuu tbe non-users. They
ure, however, about eight months older, on the average, which muy account
for it, and no ono can suy whether thoy
uro us big us they would huve beou hud
they let tobucco alone.    Wo read:
"Meyluu seems to think that as the
users uf tobucco ure those of larger
means, und have hud the benefit of better nutrition und generally more fuv-
orablo enviornmeut, they should show
much better form thuu thoy do, uud
that, therefore, they may hnvo boen
stunted by nicotine-poisoning. On the
othor hund, they make greater guius
in development in these two yours than
abstainers, yet thnt may bo due to a
moro natural wuy of living, for they
indulge iu outdoor sports more largely
lt is ulso shown that the users uro moro
idle, less ambitious, luck application,
and uttaiu a lower scholarship, lf tobucco hus thoso effects, it ulso causes
a tendency to u religious lifo, for the
vast mujority of Christian clergymen
use the weed und many of thom excessively, even since early boyhood.
As a matter of fact, Moylan's figures
can bo used as a condemnation of our
educational system, since the bettor-
endowed boys do not profit by it as
much as tho weaker and poorer 'grinds'
who ure often fur from normal specimens.
"The benefit of tobacco for adults
is also far from being understood, for
we must assume a benefit in customs
bo uearly universal. Harmful hubits
disappear by the laws of survival.
Whenever an explanation iB given out
by a physiologist worthy of a hearing,
we are quite Bure to find his statement
flatly contradicted by some ono else
equally wortny. In the meantime the
per capita consumption is apparently
steadily increasing, and, moreover,
with the progressive development of
transportation facilities enabling grow
ers to ship tobacco profitably to and
from places formerly inaccessible, we
find a steady increase in the amount
of the earth's surface devoted to the
cultivation of the plant, and a steady
increase in the proportion of the
world's population making their living
in its growth, manufacture and distribution. Tho ouly thing we ure suro
about is the fact that even a tiny
amount is distinctly harmful to littlo
children, uud though to bo on the safe
side we advise boys to abstain until
well past twenty, we really huve not
the slightest ideu of the exact age it
can be used with benefit ur at least
without harm. To accuse it of responsibility for low scholarship or idleness
is as baseless as the assumption that it
keeps men iu the church ministry.
[Healthy normal boys are not instinctive scholnrs und naturally tend to the
tobacco and other habits which we try
to repress because of possible dangers,
but tho wholesale denunciations of tho
drug in early manhood aro as unscientific as the explanations of its benefit
for tho fully matured. Nor can we
yet say what is moderation or excess,
und we must tuke every caso on its
merits, for we occasionally find men
seriously poisoned by nn amount apparently indispensable for someone else.
The whole subject, liko too many others
inherited from our pre scientific, days,
is full of baseless opinions. We wnnt
accuruto data, for ut presont wo may
assume from Moylan's figures that as .
the best-developed boys are tho users,
the habit is a natural and wholesome
It is a severe test of a man's Christianity to have the minister call on him
during business hours.
Cor, Portage Ave. aud Fort St.
Awarded first prize at World's Exposition on its work and methods..
Write for a free catalogue,
give instruction by mail,
We also
Self-loading Shotgun
12 GAUGE, MODEL 1911
This  new Winchester  has all the  good  points
of other recoil operated shotguns and many distinctive features and improvements besides.    Among them are
Nickel steel construction, which gives surpassing strength and-|
safety; and a reloading system that will
handle all safe loads without readjustment
Lttl ertl.vrral your italtr 'ttr lit. tt thi Wl.tktltir Ritirat-
i.g Armi Co.. Niw Havi., Cm... ttr A iticrtsliri circular.
Owing tn so much unfavorable weather, muny farmer! nver Western
Canada lmvo gatherod nt least part of tlieir erop touched hy front ur
otherwise weather damaged. However, through the largo shortage in
corn, onts, barley, foddor, potatoes nnd vegetables, by the unusual hent
and drought of lust summer in tho United Htntes, Kastern Canada and
Western Europe, thero is going to he n steady demand at good prices
fnr nil thc grain Western Canada has raised, no matter what its quality
may he.
So much variety in quality makes it impossible for those less experienced to judge tho full value tlmt should he obtained for such grain,
therefore tho farmer never stood more in need of the services of the
experienced nnd rclinhle gruin commission mnn to net for him, iu the
looking nfter and selling of his grain, thnn he docs this season.
Farmers, you will therefore do well for yourselves not to nccept
street or truck prices, hut to ship your grain by carload direct to I'ort
William or Port Arthur, to he handled h.v us in n way that will get
for you all there is in it. Wo mnko liberal advances when desired, on
receipt of shipping bills for cars Bhipped, We never buy your grain On
our own account, hat net us your agents in selling it to tho hest advantage for your account, and wc do so on u fixed commission of Ic per
We have made a specialty of this work for many years, and are
well known over Western t'ana/la for our experience in the gruin trnde
reliability, careful attention to our customers' interests, and promptness
in making settlements.
We invito fanners who have not yet employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions nud market Information, nnd iu regard to our
standing iu tho Winnipeg Grain Trade, ami our financial position, we
beg to refer you to the Union Hank of Canada, and auy of its branches
nlso to the commercial agencies of Brndstrcets and H. (I. Dun & Co.   '
703 Y JJrain Exchange Winnipeg
ni the istASnfift, crMBEr.f.AN*b, b.o
*\ tumb3rlnnd f
i i
3 4 5 G 7 8 9 i) 10
Herew Lots
Five acres at the price usually paid for a town lot, within one mile of Cumberland.
Price from $325 to $500 per block of Five Acres.
Small Cash Payment and Balance on EASY TERMS
Mateg| & MmAyt Courtenay
Silkwear of all kinds, Dry
Goods, Groceries,Hardware.
10 per cent, off ior firbt ten days.
Store at Chinatown.    GOODS SOLD CASH ONLY.
Having snld toy bicycle business,
nil accounts tim- must be paid to mo.
Those having accounts will render
same to mo,
E C. Emde.
is sld by
McPhee &
Courtenay      o.VZ.
at 40c
This TEA is a Special
Blend and well worthy
of a-trial, so do not fail
to TRY IT.
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props.
LOST— Between R, Grant's garage,
and Company's farm, brass cover fur
top of Ratliatnr, Finder will confer
favor by returning same to this office.
Mrs. Simma will givo pianoforte lessons at her house any time liy appoiut
ment oxcejit Tuesdays. Address Camp.
CumLiirland. Pupils prepared for ttia
Royal College of Music
KOR SALE—7 room houso, U lot.
For term" apply to Mrs, Ellin Oriel
IViiilrith Avenue Cumberland B. 0.
Dr. 1). E. Kerr, dentist will visit
Union Bay Oct. 2 * th to JStli; Comox
Oct. V9th to Nov. 2nd,Courtenay Nov.
2nd to 10th; Cumberland luth to i'otli.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
bu in this otlice not later than
10 a. m. on Thursday,
FOR SALE-The Cumberland Cafe.
For particulars apply at the Cafe.
FOR SALE—Three business premises
in good location on Dunsmuir Avenue.
Fur particulars apply Mis. A. Juues.
FOR SALE—Shiner Noodles aud Oil
at tho IsLAUDKR Office.
Tho Big Store for up-to date millinery
A vor) largo and Imiulsume shuwiug at
tbe most moderate prices.
Look out for the Orand Masquerade
Ball to be given by the Oourtonay Basket
bail Luciat Club iu tho Curtonay Opera
House on Thursday Docombor 28tti. Big
Prize List.   Oct busy girls.
FOR SALE—Forty hives of bees
will sell cheap. Apply to Ed Creech,
Courtenay, B. C.
Tenders are being called for Janitor
iur K. of P. Hall Cumberland H. I .
Tno lowest or any tenders uut. necess ri-
ly accepted.. By Oder of Hall Count
R. H. Robertson
R. Hon al.
G. A. Fletcher Musio Co. of Nanaimo havenuw engaged their own private
runerwhime work will be sir cly ruarau-
teed by i he drill, and tliey advise cubi union and friends to no ify the firm wh. n
timing or repairing is needed. The
tuner will be in Cumberland early in
November and orders may bo left at I'.
E. Bates store and will be promptly
mended to. 6. A. Fleteher Music Oo,
The S ile Agents for Gerhard Heiiitzimau
Pianos aud Columbia an I Edison Ptioiio-
graphs and Records.
Tho Annual meeting of tho dm x
Agricultural & Industrial Assnciat.ii n
will be held in the Agricultural Hall at
Cuurdenay on tho evening of October
Uiat at eight • 'clock to Reoive the Report
of tho officers for past year also the election of officers will tak.- place to which ah
those interssted are hattihy invited t b ■
jiredtnt.    R, C.rter.lr. Seeretmy.
Distric t t'C m x.
TAKE n.niiv t ai  I. J.nnin Strick
Und Bi-viin of C iin x  Distriot,  i-ooupi-
inn rancher, intends tu   apply   t-.r p. r-
inissioii to lease the following described
tnd:—0 ininoiicitig at a pos planted  ar
the south* .est oorner elude    to  a   post
•narked J. R M., N E. C.    and being
e N. W, 0.   .f   L t .21),  Cm x Dis.
t ioi, thenco s iu'Ii-'.mtetiy twenty si ven
chare  f lli>«i'g the uh re line, thonce
trlh-nasteriy   f--r   the   cliains,  thei c.
irth-wes'eriy    twoiiti-seven     chnins,
ill-lien aotith-wosteilv I rfivo chai »   fo
C   ii.iii llCeitiei.      Hud    e i"i til ing    !■■.'  n-
t   I. acti t inure   i   -.
I).ted II.   I> i  10 h   I'lll
et Cash Sto i
Etc., etc?
^3A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
far $4. - $40.
-L, m just arrived
The  BEST Machine  on the  Mark*
and sold on EASY TEEMS   	
TKPSON BROS., Distriot Agents, Nanaimo, B. C.
C. .Segrave, focal Representative, Cumberland, h.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
Drafts Issued In any currency, payable all over the wonld
highest current rates allowed on deposit* of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch—   —   -     OPEN DAI1"
D. M. Morrison, Manager
Wm. H.Hoff,  Manager.
These Pianos give satisfaction in tone ami touch nml nro built »t
last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & Victrolai.
md Victor Eecords.     Cull and hear the latest now*.
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $r.u>
Church St., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank oi
Nuiice ia hereby given llml the reaerv
ex a'i"g by rtaaoti uf'the notice piiblialied
iu thu Britiah Culumbii QiwUunf tin
27th December 1007. ci.vi-rii.gn parcel ol
laud aituiUcd tut Redonda Ialmid, formerly hr'il utii.lor Timber License No. 440411,
wliich tins Japaed, ia caocelled, alei the
Baid In-dn Kill l.e ipeo to lucation after
nidn.ght uu the 14tn December 1911.
Deputy Miriatei of Land.
Department of Land., Victoria, 13. 0.
September 12th, 1011.
ttl dec23
Ni i in ny j .r*!*Hve«i".b auauch
i y -■ r ilium of Fall Suiting*, in-
id-i g -ii ihe tea oulor . If.-cain the
. i Hiid f,.i ey Chevi.ite, Wurateda
ii toti ml Iii-hTneeda, Blue and Black
.- n. Ci--. .ri ns Mid Iiiie. iihIh.Nearly
,.',., a 11 -.Let fiom. C.iiiie in and
.  - ii - lio*.    Thi. ia the time to make
Sole Agenta for the   Houaeof Hobberlin
Limited Canada'• Largeat Tailora


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