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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Nov 25, 1911

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 Yji^q lAMa/f. <-^ t      I    I
FOR GOOD Warm Pure
Wool Blankets  and   Comforters, try
LADIES' XEW       ,    '
Neckivear and Bells,
MESS New  Shirts  and
Neckwear arrived at
Ko. 1%
Subscription [nice SI.HO per year
Church     of    England
Held Work Sale and
Concert   Tuesday
The Indies of Hnjj Trinity ohut'Ch
of this city lu lii it stilt" of work in
Cunil erlniid Hell on Ijist Tuesiluy.
Tliu Imli pressntecl a gtl]? speotmiln
and the various booths lining must
ttisti'fully airnn^ed uut as tlic charge*,
fur the various articles were moderate
the ladies haH no difficulty in ri'spos
ing of tlieir offerings.
Tho suppei proved a great attraction and wus gerved from half-past
five till after seven.
An impromptu coucort whs g!von
in lho evening and was greatly on-
joyed by all.
The programme was nn excellent
one and those whu did nnt attend
missed a rara licit. Every number
was enthusiislieiilly encored.
After all expenses were jvud a nico loved ones laid awny in tho "Silent
little sum was realized, which WM|city''of tiro dend- itis apprnphite that
hnnded over  to the vicarngo fiVud,
I tuke (hia p] portqmty uf thankii g tlu
Colliery   employes   and the   citizens of
Cumberland fir their vory liberal  ussist-
unce iu my recent scoident,
1 thf undersigned taku thia oppurtuui-
■ y of muling iim I apologise for auy statu
ment or statements made by um either
directly nr hy Insinuation in reference t
Mins A. Klbrow, on account of iny hav
ing missed certain property of mine.
Any statements made by um weio
•tude on llie spur of thu moment ano
nothing w.i.s meant by tbem.
kinds wool gloves, kid gloves, fur
gloves, also a wide range of work-
mens gloves at Campbell Bros.
.320 acres uf go,od land tive minutes
from school, postoflk'e and stnre, nuo mile
uf r« ad frontage, one fourth milo frum
beach, threo miles from Comox. Price
$15,00 per acre. Easy terms. Apply
P. L AnJerton, Agt
Cuurtenay, B.C
Thero-are ninny who have departed
Massrs.  Uschards .V Jack are the new
prnprieturs  uf   the   Cumberland  Cafe.
they ahould have something to mark
tlieir l.i-t resting placo and tluit the dead
mny not he Forgotten. Mr. II. Parkinson can supply ynu with something to
These two genial gentlemen have added I suil ynu in the line of   a   memnriuni;
lorinm are made out of wood
tu thoir establishment a brand uew ran
and have also bad their kitchen enlarged
—anothor sign of Cumberland's prosper!*
ty—-and are now pro pared lo cater to tha
| ublie in first clans style When you ate
fflflling hungry and want fl tirst class meal
the boat in towu, give them w call.
Mrs. Alex Gray returned home from
Vancuuver by Thursday's b »at.
A new line of Stetson and hard
stiff hats to hand at Campbell
Choral  Union's    Concert Great Success
Dtwpiie tl o most inolemetit wcathor
tlmt held s««j' oli Inst Stinjlny night,
tho Choral Union concert drew n
crowd that caused the sign, 'Slnnding
room only," to lie hung oul Mr. Lew-
it, conduotornl the olioir, dcietvea ti
be highly complimented on his lander
ship, which lias mode it poaaiblu I'm
the publio "f Cumberland to be treated to iui-li a high olaBS onncoi'tj also.
Dr. Gillespie and tho secretary, Mr. 11.
Drown, for their unt'iing eti'orls on be
half of the organiaitlnn. Mayor McLeod wns ebiiirinan and presided in
his usual graceful and d'gnified man
Tho choir was in gnod voice nnd excellent training, tlio blending of the
voices making perfect harmony, and
excepting a littld weakness of lho soprano voices in sustaining the higher
notes nnd a lillle weakness in the
tenor which the strength and clearness of the baritones and buses oil si t,
tho singing was all that cnuld bo desired. Such Iilili class pieces as
"Songs in the Night," and ,he "King's
Business" beiug rendered witli a rythhi
and tono lhat was very enjoyable,
At the Brawny Hands of the Cu inland Thistles on a Fast
but Soggy Field.
these tin
and arc iiii imitation of (lie real marble
tombstone, and can bo supplied by Mr.
Parlmlson in any design and whatever
inscription you nuiy desire. They arc
most reasonable in price and will stand
weather a long time
A eale of most useful nnd ornamental
WOrkd iniiidnf St. Perer's church, C"iiu-s
will ho held in the lv. of P. Hall on
Thu rad Ay, December 7, 1911, sale t
commence at '.'. o'clock. Refresh in entH
will bo Bold* The sale will be Followed
by a dance'
While one if our staff was viHitin'r
Courtenay a few dayB ago lie witnessed
the great display of Christinas goods be
ing prepared fnr display fur the coming
holiday flaeson that hu Imd uver seen in
the diatrict before.
The late Scotch concert waa merely a
concertina and a screech.
Mrs Jamea Hood will receive for the
Qist time since coming to Cumberland on
Tuosdny and Wednesday afternoons,
Novembei 28th and 20. h, from 3 iu 0.
ll i» not nlwnys llie eity tint Ims 'tin
most ehurches that can imast alout it>
Kotd morals, aa the following article will
ihow, whioh we dipped from an exchange:
"Away bactt east in Oood Toronto, mom
i lum 1000 garnet of poker are played «vety
night, ami (he Btrcets after daik are till
ed with women win. dual in commercial
love, while on Su< dnjs tlm wise get theii
booze hy knowing bow to tap outhebtck
door. Verily, in spite of ita array of
costly ohuiulies and poorly paid parson*,
iho city cant and hypocrisy i« aiill unable
to force the devil to stay iu Hamilton."—
Greenwood Ledge.
A meeting of the United Mine Work
ura of America wiil be held tomorrow
afternoon at ii p. iu. for thu purpose initiation of nuw members nnd to elect dele-
gates to attend the convention at Nanai
mo on IJ. cumber oth.
Visiting cards at tho Islander 'office,
FOU   SAW—One heavy   logging
borse and hnrncsOVill tnke payment in
any tiling that grows upon the rancl
Apply VV, Djnue Comox, B C,
Good Combination by !he Home
Team Wins Loud
Despite the unpleasant weather and
unseasonable hour that the Thistles v~
Victoria gnme was scheduled foi-, it
was played in the presence of a large
und appreintive crowd of spectators,
who watched one of the finest gnnus
of the ldcking sport tluit has lieen
played here.
The Held was cleared of all snow
through the week hy an energetic
hunch of Cumberland's true sports,
headed hy the active management of
the team and high thanks are extended io llie compnny for lending the
shovels and to John Westfield, Alex
Maxwell and R.Hornal and others who
lent sleighs a:id teams. The clearing
of the field was a good schema, but
all day Saturdny nnd Saturday night
the grouuds were treated to a heaven,
ly deluge that mado tlium something
fierce to play on, tho greasy kicking
making the forwnrds very  inni-cui-ato.
There was otie change in the lino-up
of the Cumberland team, Jiielt Wil
limns playing center half.inul although
tunny football critic-* disagree on this
point, we think the chnnge wns foi' the
better, as Williams is more suited In
the hard, rough style ol' play thnn
Hinds, who has more football than
Williams, but not the same spied an 1
endurance. "We will now proceed to
the game, after having our little sny
in the coutrowsy.
Sharp at 1! Kcforce James Brown
Blew the whistle and atter some' mill
field play, the ball wns brought down
lo Victorias goal and although Miller
and Newlands at back were playing a
superb game, Victoria's goal wns in
''anger two-thirds of the first half; but
the Cumberland boys' were a long way
from the field, although llirrisons, on
the extreme left, was always in evidence, as were Boutltiiin.il and Adnins,
but Carney seemed to bo sndly oil' his
play and was bIow to catch his opportunities, but as he worked his. men to
perfection, it may hnve made up for
his lack of shooting ability. This
bombardment of Victoria's goal eould
not go on very long without a goal,and
though Victoria's halves sometimes gol
the ball away and entered Cumberland's territory, but it was always re
turned by either Hinds or Strang
Hinds having improved a lot in his
kicking. Strung was called on very
seldom to extricate him from difficulty
Cumborland got n penalty which
Bnothinan failed to convert. McLean
was much in evidence at this time.
On one of these returns Cairns passed to Harrison on the extreme outside
left. Harrison took a shot and on
the  re-bound   Wee   Adam   put   her
through.    This was tine ioute from
t|ie half-time and Victoria >b led tn
got a new determination, but the,  efforts of Pickering and Muir wero   fu
lil , though they both took chan  id
goal,    iliuf time wns called with   the
scon.' 1 to 1.
When time was called again the
prophesy was commonly expressed that
Vic:oria would turn the tables and
some of the "I-told-you" sports were
much disappointed at the outcome
Whittnker and Wilkie got a chance to
show their speed in this hnlf, but tliey
were not so lively as when they stnrted. Scott Harley, who played like a
demon in this half, reminded us of his
attempts ill some of the Ladysmith vs.
Nnnaiino games, when he played a sterling game with the United.
His efforts were unavailing, but lie
bothered Joo Williams quite a bil.
Bontlinwn was much in evidence in
this half and got a goal to his credit.
The last hnlf was much the same as
tho first,with Cumberland tho aggressor most of the time. Cairns played a
stellar game all through and for tho
visitors in this period, the bucks wero
sprendid, although ragged continually
by t.ie goal keepers, but for I he use of
some filthy language to the referee,
Miller should have been put out, uf the
game on the. spot, After qnite n bi:
of good combination, Adams   secured
nnother   goal,    This   made   two   for
*i   .    .:
"Bonnie   Mary."     Cairn,   who   wns
knocked cold, came  buck  wonderfully
nnd in the last fifteen minutes .etriov
ed himself hy scoring  a goal.    After
sonic desultory   play   the   game was
called, after one of the best and   mosl
strenuous games played here
Special mention shuuld ' e made of
Ihe goal keepers, Chirk and Dougnn,
who handled most everything tlmt
cunil! their way with great skill. The
linesmen were Thompson For Cum'ber-
land, for Victoria.     Refer
ee James Brown was must  impartial,
The management wish to thank the
proprietors of the Cumberland Hnll
for the freo show tlmt was given for
the football team and also all those
who con tributcd songs, etc.
Taken all through, Cumberland's
chances look good in the League and
with a change or so in the forward
rank and dry pitches, they should be
The Cumberland hall was
greeted with a large audience
'.ii last Thnrsday eveuing when
the ''Scotch Concert Cqra-
pany" (?)appenredon theboards
and tvieil to entertain, butjudg-
ing from tbelaok of appreciation of those who witnessed
the entertainment, we are inclined to think that the Company is not deserving of the necessary praise, therefore we will
not comment upon the entertainment, we will leave that to
those who were present.
A im bi tlelicinas supper wi'l bo nerve 1
ill tlm Moth1 dist church next Thursday
eve. Boiled ham, cold moats, salads, jellies, pies and cakes. Pric of admission to
Banquet and entertainment, 50 cents
C mio and have a social evening.
The UUnder takes pleamre in Acknowledging receipt of complimentary
tickets to Rei ecca Huriuoiiy Lodge
Mi. It. M, llaggerstnne, painter,
decorator, and pnperhanger formerly
with the Hudson Bay Co., Vancouvei
begs to notify the public of Cumberland
and District, that he intends to open in
tbe ahove business, and will be prepared to give estimates in work ofall dis-
oriptions. Mr. Hnggorstnne has had
wide experience in painting and decor-
tive work and ean guarantee satisfaction in every w- y      O dei-9 may be left
i Join
rill ree
nil' store: wlii-e-tlii--
Another      Instalment
Fron Our Courtenay
Coutfena? in i»"ini( itlietid anme. Ko
common hack «titwls fer un. Wu have A
motor stand in town now, situated at the
cross of the Cumberland and Lake Trail
li itdrt. Anyone requiring a car will lind
one thereat any hour cf tha day ur night
principally flight.
A public medtiug washeU in the Opera
House <>n Moi.day last to consider the
question of forming a Literary and Debating Sioiety in Courtenay. The meeting
wns veil .im nded and iho matter fully
1,'i'iu- into, and it was decided to form one.
There was a prop ultiou brought up at the
mee ing "t forming a Club with suitable
rooms fuiiiinhtd etc. which was placed in
the hands of a committee to w* into and
report upon ui a meeting to be held in the
Opora House on Monday night the 27th
uiat at 8 p, ni. This is something which
is needed in Courtenay and all interested
should imt fail to attond ou Mondaynigth.
A iree danoe was triven in the opera
house un Thursday night (a week) by Mr.
O. rl. Fechner to celebrate hie birthday.
The Cumberland band and Murdock'a
orchestra eet tainly supplied the best of
music. Everybody had a g od time and
here was a bb( attendance^ a number of
sleigh parties coming down from Cumberland and from around the settlement.
ty.    A *na|
l'„!  ml Real
nn     th.
nor'of p,
I   III   is    I
mv B. ('.
A. lurid fl™e illuminated the »ky in
rwe. ,3 ii,.' le hi... -if   S.tiiriliiy,   when
■hack occupied by Big Bill, lie of
a Appetite and  Windy, went   up   in
Hankerohiefa-A  good variety
plain and initial; also a large Iin- |
j{Books in all shades at Campbell |"
i ..-I.I   du
Old Newspapers for sale at The
A shipment of fine negligee strip
ed and fe.noy suits just arrived a
big selection to choose from; alio
fancy vests and mufflers at Gamr -
bell Bros.
The B. C. Garugn and Maohlno Sh.-j
fnr auto and gal enuiiie .uppli.m and ru-
By-iho -way. huq" ymi tried thono
■mat pio. at Mm. Jack'.! Nn! Well
then, yuu ought toi they ara delloioos
and will mako ynu fool liko auinu   more
FOR. SAliE-Six young   heifers jiiai
i lived, a!« i two brood «ow».     Apply
Court* i '
liLH h
MM, OP3-'
A guod display of Dies- '•
Vollaaiid Silk Orepe di Oh
iling venr. Rent oh T*rll n
11 ier da in all shades f r e'< 1 i
Ladle*'cloth in all the i e\
Cam)»bell \>wn.
II rt, Won! ArV wl'yee
in- k i So icli Oi nc ♦ ■ pt V
tun an'a UiM holdl
Correspondent Writes
Regarding The
To ihe Editor of thelahndor.
DiHr Sir- 1 desire to call the att nli'-n
f the public to th> BritiHh Oolumbla Library AMQOifltioU, 'he Iiiiil nf U'liicll is t«
establish a public library in every oom*
.inunity in 1> 0. Tu attain this cud, iho
tirst step will bu to secure * I'uhlio Library Act. Such an Act would 1st, pro
vide f<>r the establishment "f Li irarj
Itnaids in every dUtrfot or municipality.
2nd, OtVO »uth-rit> t i levy h rule fnr li-
brary purposes, 8d, Mnke provision
fur a Proviiiolal grant Lowurd sanis trnd
for the Hssistmice and inspection by government oftioiats. Our Province is expending—and rig lily so—Urge sums ut
money In Improving the roads as well as
in establishing s ruivorsiiy, but surely,
especially during tho whiter in nths, a
friire.itoi number cnuld derive pleasure
h< well «** profil fr m t'-e free ftooess t"
redding matter. In this oity the need of
a comfortable mum, well supplied with
papers etc , requires no demonstration.
Forli.f mal on npp'j • -C W, Wbyte
li .\ , -— rj U 0 L ■ iry Asiocia*
, I,, Vi ■   i    B   0.
Yours Truly,
11.   VV    J.AFIT.IIK
V"i,: ■ :'■! ■   I   CRtlUt!    .    t    l< X  B
i Dtsintn ■ i m ' w   ii    ni d   BUBpPrtdeiS
<_ ■ ■ }„ i i ii int ch s, t'<-ry W' nlil
• r '  I!      C
uy Inti-uc m Lttu.pi.en i>iur.
T;. is ruin >r.*d that Windy felt
-lug the uight and set tire to
d h.'tue to ^et it good warm; it is
<n Mid thit Bill felt hungry having
only li-d a snsck of forty eggs and
steen T bone etcaks at Big Mic's at
one a. in., and got up a big tire to
prepare a good pquaro feed. Tho tlte
gnt nway with loin nud *et tire to the
building. Neither p-irtiea carried at>y
insurance. Whichever story is true wo
would advise ope of them to sleep in
an Hsbestos cabin in fuLuru, they stand
hot air better.
Don't fail to see our wid« rang* ot
Fsncy Waists at $5 00. The style and
colors nre heat ever shown in Ourober-
lauil, plain Mcesscline Silks, ohifT >n
ofer si k, blaok aud white, blue and
white strips at Campbell Bros.
MoPheo *t Morrison, at Cmrtonny,
havo this week a groater display of seasonable Roods than they ever had before.
It would he advisable f it Ittdiday seekers
to seu iiuuii,
Ptutongpr Coach will leave as follows
tu connect with bho ('. P. !!■ ut Union
Tueaday- -ri p m.
Wednesday - 0. •>* » m.
Thurwlgy-rti n. nt.
Friday- - ti. IS p, nt.
Saturday—5,45 a, in.
Boat leiiv.-s for Comox.
Wednesday- 7 p. m.
Friday- 7 p. ni.
Saturday - 11 a. in.
Mrs. Williams, dressmaker and
milliner, opposite opera house,
Stfpl sc|it;m
Beautiful Neokwear-The seasons very Newest Styles at Campbell  Broa.
Come, next Thursday eve aud hear the
Methodist ohiidren render one of their
f in in cti'ert linmcn's entitled, "A Trip
Ashcroft—The Gateway to
the Cariboo
A brand-new, white-painted little
town perched on a narrow plateau on
the oast bunk of tho Thompson Kiver,
aud sweltering, sweltering—that was
our first impression of Ashcroft one
mid-July afternoon. The sun beat
tlojvn pitilessly, seemingly from straight
overhead; a chance-met thermometer
confessed to UO degroes in tho shade.
The light, reflected from nowly-paiuted
walls, dazzled tho eyes. Brown hills,
dotted with sago-brush, formed a background for tho furnace picture. It re*
quired an offort to realize that this
waB not Arizona, but British Columbia.
"The Gateway to the Cariboo"—this
boing the titlo that Ashcroft affects-
lies in tho dry belt of BritlBh Columbia, that storied district that was settled uud cultivated when Victoria was
an infant in arms und Vancouver hud
not yet boon heard of. Tho flrst rush
to thc Cariboo goldfiolds led thc lirst
settlers to tho dry bolt, Ilrst to pursue tho elusive gold in tho sands of the
'■'rascr and the Thompson, uud later to
take up land on the rich benches that
ilauk these rivers. In tho history of
tho province such names as Cornwall
and Somlin have hailed from the dry
belt, aud, indeed, the vory name of
AHhcroft was filched from the Cornwall mansion, '' Ashcroft Muuor,''
when tho Canadian Pacific was built
and a station was established hero.
Home of the traditions of the district
.should make good reading, but this is
a vory busy present day with ABh
croft, und traditions aro laid ou the
This was not tho gateway to tho
Cariboo in the rough days when tho
mines wero younger and railroads unheard of, Tbo Cariboo road did not
then touch Ashcroft, its
numbering from Lillooet instead. The
building of the Canadian Pacific placed
AHhcroft on the map, and made it at
once the supply point for Barkorville,
^uesnel and all interior points. A
busy little town sprang up beside tho
Thompson, Then, a few years ago, the
Orand Trunk Pacific was projected
through the Central Interior of British
Columbia, Port George camo into prominence, thero wus u rush of settlors
aud traffic to tht; north, and Ashcroft
roapod tho benefit, Tho town has enjoyed an immense trade in that period.
Vou can read the history of Ashcroft
in its face. In tho summer months,
whon travel is ousy on the Cariboo road,
mon from all parts of tho continent
drift in hero on thoir way to the great
new country to the north. Thoy crowd
the streets for a day or two, and thon,
with outfits purchased, thoy drift out
again, by auto stage, on horseback,
driving their own teams nnd wagons,
or afoot, according to their means and
The stir and bustle is constunt. An
nttomobilc speeds through tho street
uid over the bridge, loaded with passengers for "up road." A prooossion
of freighters, two and sometimes throe
wagons chained togothor and drawn by
mx, eight or ton horses, strains away
groaning with merchandise destined for
ed with tears in his eyes. However,
in tho bright loxicou of journalism
there is no such word as "cold feot,'*
and we kept on.
Tho country about Ashcroft is, given
adequate irrigation, among tho most
productive iu British Columbia. As
early as 1803 enterprising ranchers
raised barloy and other grains horo and
sold them at five cents a pound to gold-
acckors. Thriving farms wero estab
lished theu. Later and for many years
eattlo-raising becamo the chief industry,
and it is only within vory recout years
that a return has boon made to general
Wator is the great problem. There
aro few places that can be furuied
without irrigation. In au ordinary soason thore is not wuter onough to go
a round. Thoso ranches that uro pro
tooted by adequate water records raiso
astonishing crops, for tho flno loam that
composes tho soil is very productive
Less fortunate ranches simply parch nnd
dry up. A small creok so situated
that it can bo diverted to a man's
farm looks as big aa the Mississippi in
the dry belt. "Ashcroft spuds," a
household necessity in the coast cities,
bour eloquent tribute to the productive
powers of thiB district. Horo is a little
story about Ashcroft potatoes that
shows what Ashcroft folk think about
them. A certain man plantod 400 acres
in "spuds." At digging time ho found
that tho ground had produced an aver-
ago of ten tons to the acre. He sold
his 4,000 tons at $30 a ton, and took in
$120,000. ThiB is not a fairy tale, although it is just as good as ono.
Wo visited one ranch, the Basque,
twelve miles from Ashcroft, on the west
bunk of tho Thompson. Tbis is one
of the largest in the dry belt, comprising 2,000 acres, and it is now being
developed as a fruit, potato and hay
proposition. Potatoes crop from ten
to fifteen tons to the acre here, tho
selling price at digging timo being from
$15 to $30 per ton. Timothy yields
from three to four tons to the acre,
never selling at less than $20 per ton.
Alfalfa, a favorite crop, yields throo
crops, uggrogating from five to six tons
per acre per season, and worth from
$15 to $20 per ton in the stack. Apple
trees that had been yielding for twenty-
seven years produced last season thirty-
five boxes to tho tree, tho fruit selling
nt $1.50 per box on the tree. Plums and
cherries ure tho other most important
commercial varieties of fruit produced.
This ranch had its own interesting
history. Thc land was first taken up
in 1803 by a band of Frenchmen from
tho Basque country in Franco, who gave
it its present name. Thoso industrious people first camo up tho Thompson in quest of gold, and washed tho
gravel, on the banks beside the future ranch. Thou, being agriculturists
by training, thoy recognized tho possibilities of tho land, uud went into raising produce. Tho throng of gold-
seekers afforded a ready market; tlic
fertile benches, under tho influence of
their primitive but efficient irrigation
system, yielded most bountifully; and
somo of the crops raised by tho Basque
the entire field of breeding farm animals, it will prove interesting to those
who specialize in horse breeding. The
book is written in language such as
the youngest breeder or student of
breeding cun clearly understand and
comprehend, and yet is uot beneath the
interest of tho scientific breeder. Very
few technical terms are used and the
treatment is remarkably clear and concise throughout.
Tho book opens with a chapter of
oarlier stock breeding, calling attention to the fact that the first notable
achievement in adapting animals to
human needs as related to our present'
day industry was the development of
the Arabian horse. This chapter continues through the period of breeding
horse for use in war chariots and for
cavalry purposes, through the age of
tho early thoroughbred running horse
of England, through the age of the introduction of the Percheron horso, Hoi-
stein-Friesian cattle and Itainbouillct
sheep, through the development of shorthorn cattle, Leicester sheep down to
tho present duy breeds of the farm animals of Kurope.
Anothor chapter deals with the
American stock breeding from the mingling of tho early Spanish, French, English and Holland blood in horsos; Hoi
lund and Oermuu blood in cattle aud
swine; and Spanish blood in shoop, followed by the appearance of tho American trotter aud importations from Kurope of draft horses, coach horsos, cattlo,
sheep aud swiue.
Tho book thou dips immediately into tho kuown laws of breeding such as
Bakcwell's Experience with Cattlo, etc.
This is followed by a chapter of facts
concerning reproduction, another chapter on germ cells, two chapters on hereditary material, a chapter on breeding
selection and a chapter on individual
excellence in breeding animals. Passing on to allied subjects, the following
chapters deal with pedigrees of breeding animals, development of tho offspring, development of young stock and
determination of sex.
This brings tho reador of tho book
down to tho practical side of breeding
as a business and we are pleased to
noto that Professor Marshall deals with
Mendel's Law of Herodity and its practical application to the breeding business as a fact and not a thoory. Chapters deal with foundations and management of a breeding business, in-breeding and line-breeding, Mendel's Law,
breed relations, breeder's associations,
horse breeding, cattle breeding, sheep
breodiug and swine breeding.
liurkervillo or Fort George.   A settlor's Frenchmen are still talked about. Ore
outfit, canvas-topped, fitted  up     with gou Jack, another celebrity of early
beds and kitchen, and ofttimes with
some farm implement towing behind,
drags by, just starting on a threo liundrod mile trok to the now country. Thc
toadod outfits go out and the empty return, for us yot there is freight only ono
way. Tons and tons of supplies uro unloaded from the cars at Ashcroft and
piled in warehouses, to bo shipped up
tho road us thc light freight wagons
come in. So business is good in Ash-
The "Gateway to the Cariboo!"
Anhcroft surely merits the description
now, bnt tne change is ut hand. Freight
hauling by wagon is expensive work,
and tho road is long to Soda Creek,
whore tho boats receive the merchandise destined for Qucsuol and Fort
Coorgo. With the inauguration next
spring of- the Orand Trunk Pacific's
iil.eti.mer service between Tete luune
■-acho and Fort Oeorge, Ashcroft will
Ioho its northern trade with startling
iiinltleiiiiosa, By tho samo token, Edmonton will replace Vancouver at the
same time as the supply point for British Columbia's Central Interior. Freight
will bo carried west from Edmonton
by rail to the Cache, und barged down
river to Fort (leorge, Quosnel und Sodu
Crook much more cheaply than it can
bo wagoned from Ashcroft to Soda
('reek, a distance of 107 long miles. It
is a simple matter of economics.
Ashcroft realizes this painful fact.
A number of freighters told us that
they intended to take their teams off
Iho road next summer and go into rail
mud construction work on the Canadian
Northern. It. is from the building of
I liis line that Ashcroft hopes to recoup
its fortunes when the northern trade
Ir lost. Of course, Ashcroft's loss will
bo the gain of the consumers in the
interior. Freight rates from Ashcroft
10 Port Oeorge ure nt present six cents
a pound. The Kdmonton route will cut
tills away down.
But this freight question is another
story. Thero is no doubt that today
Ashcroft's claim to being the "gate-
wny" stands unchallongod. Here is
the headquarters of the famous "B.X."
the liritish Columbia Express Company,
successor to Barnard's Express. Supremo in the councils of this groat
transportation company, which has practically a monopoly even today on the
Cariboo road, is "Steve" Tingley, once
the cleverest drivor that ever held ribbons behind a team or six. Tingley
was a prominent figure on the old Cariboo road when Now Westminster was
its terminus at one end and Barkorville
at the other.
Within the gates of Ashcroft we met
our (list "knocker," but not, alas! our
last, lie was un old-timer. Wo learned farther up tho road that the old*
timers, survivors of tho Barkorville excitement, view with grave suspicion the
present, development of the interior.
They are firmly convinced that the up
per country, wliich they havo never
seen, is no good. They c Oti 8 Id or it their
duty to warn nil comers to turn back.
Our Ancient Mariner iu Aahcroft plead-
lays, pre-empted laud beside tho French
men's holdings, on a croek that still
bears his name. After some years
this ranch was consolidated with the
Basque, and the wator from Hat Creek,
eighteen miles back, was recorded. Today, although the ranch has passed into
other hands, tbe work of tho early holders has assured abundance of wator.
From the Thompson the laud rises in
a sorios of flat benches. The wator
is brought iu from the higher levels
nt tho back, Oregon Jack's Croek and
Hat Creok. In connection with the
present ambitious development scheme
beiug carried out at tho ranch, & hugo
reservoir is boing constructed to
kitchen tho water usually wasted in the
spring freshets and store it for uso later
on iu the season.
Tho reservoir Bite is ideal. Up at
the head of Oregon Jack's Creek—situated, by tho way, in tho Dominion
Oovernment's Hat Crook timber reserve
—a narrow canyon presents a perpendicular wall, cloft in tho centre by a crevice thut looks from u distanco like a
knife-slit. A dum somo 55 feet in
height will lie constructed in this crevice. The wator of Hut Crook, diverted from tho crook bed a fow miles
above, is carried by means of a flume
into the long series of little lakes and
swiimps behind the canyon. With very
little trouble, it will be possible to
store iu this natural reservoir ut least
1,51)1) acre-feet of wator, that is, a volume suflicient to cover 8,500 acres of
In ii ij to a dopth of ono foot.
Miles of hunting have been constructed to lead the water down to tho Basque
land. With this abundant supply assured, not only tho flat benches below
will be cultivated, but the hillsides us
well will bo turned into fruit orchards,
Water is all that is required to make
British Columbia's Arizona blossom Jiko
tho rose.
About tnis old ranch ono still moots
with iciniiiiscuncos of tho old "Cariboo' dnys. Tho rnnch house hus soilings of wuip sawed lumber. In a fiold
stands au old Cariboo wagon, the bare
ribs that onco supported its awning
standing out like tho bones of a skeleton, Tho wagon has boon in the samo
place for twonty-seven yoars. On another corner of tho ranch is found tho
remains of ono of tho old Cariboo road-
houses, onco tho haven of lusty adventurers, now a mass of rotting timber.
Twonty-fivo years ngo thero wns more
extensive irrigation in tho dry bolt than
there is today. But tho riches of this
district aro again gaining recognition,
and it will soon tako its proper place
in the procession,
F. R. Marshall, professor of animal
husbandry of tho Ohio Stato University, has just written a very valuable
book entitled "Breeding Farm Animals," lately issued by the Brooder's
G U7.01 to,
This is a book of 287 pages iu very
easily  read  type and  whilo  it covers
Undoubtedly the world of art has
been profoundly disturbed by the theft,
discovered on August 23rd, of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece, tho portrait of Monnn Lisa, from the walla of
tho Louvre, in Paris. Da Vinci Bpont
four years of his lifo In painting this
lady with the sly eyes nnd tho mysterious smile, and it is a tradition that
he became so attached to it that he
afterward begged it back from the purchaser, since ho could not live without
it. If the artist wus four years in
painting it, for four hundred yoars
artists aud lovers of the mysterious
life of the Renaissance have worshiped
before this picture as before a shrine.
Tho masterpiece, known to English
speaking pooplo us "Monnn Lisa," but
moro properly named "La Jocondo,"
was ono of the throe or four supreme
art treasures of tho Louvre. Critics
value it ouly second to the Sistine Madonna, and it is reported that tho
French government recently refused on
offer of a million dollars for it. The
stories about the subject of the portrait
und the apparently everlasting discussion us to thc character shown by the
faco and the meaning of the mysterious
smile have mado tho picture not only
a valuable work of art, but a subject
of universal discussion. It is generally
believed that Monna—Madonna Lisa,
to give her tho proper form of title—
was the wife of Francesco del Gincon-
da, a Florentine merchant. Leonardo
painted it at intervals covering four
years, the sittings being brief because
ho could paint only whon tho lady
A number of explanations havo been
offered as to tho motive of tho theft.
Somo claim that it ns stolen to bo held
for ransom. Others that the theft wus
engineered by an American collector,
who wanted to have u beautiful copy
mnde, intending to return tho original
(or perhaps the copy, who knows?)
Inter to tho Louvre. A third theory
is thut tho whole thing is a hoax perpetrated to show how easy it would bo
to rob the Louvre. A fourth explanation hns it that the picture was stolen
to enable some monomaniac, no longer
able to go to the Louvre, to feast his
eyes at home upou the object of his
The discovery of the ease with which
the picture could be removed has led
to u discussion from which the only
conclusion to bo drawn is that Franco's
art treasures in the Louvre have boon
very inadequately cared for. It %eoms
almost incredible that thc painting,
which is not on canvas, but on a heavy
wooden panel, could bc removed from
its frame and carried off without any of
tho custodians of tho gallery realizing
whnt was going on. A cynical Amori-
cnn daily remarks that if the Paris
polico aro vigilant they can probably
arrest the thief when he conies buck
to stout the Louvre itsolf! An investigation made during tlio few days following thc theft has revealed tho fact
that during tho past three or four
yoars more than throe hundred works
of nrt havo boen abstracted from the
Louvre collection* Tho authorities
havo begun a vigorous campaign of investigation, and it is reported that the
entire staff of tho gallery custodians
will bo changed. Tho director has already been suspended.
It was by interesting coincidence
thnt, a few days beforo tho theft of
the famous painting from thc Paris gallery, thero should havo appeared a work
of fiction, nnunymously published, purporting to be tho story of tho love affair between Da Vinci and Monna Lisa,
The book, which is entitled "Monnn
Lisa, or tho Quest of the Woman Soul,"
claims to bo a translation of "a dilapidated manuscript discovered in a heap
of rubbish in ono of thc old palaces of
Florence; which was undergoing altera*
tions."     On examination, wo are fur
ther informed, the papers proved to be
the long-lost journal kept by Leonardo
da Vinci, the great Italian mathematician, engineer, astronomer and artist
best kuown to fame today as the painter of ttie world-renowned portrait of
Madonna Lisa del Oiaconda. It is evi
dent that the story of the mysterious
journal is a litorary device to give the
desired setting to this love Btory which
might have been the real romance of the
painter and his beautiful subject. The
writer, who admits himself to be an
American, has devoted long yearB to
ine study of Italian art and literature,
and signs himself Guglielmo Scala. The
story itseii, whether it be real or fictitious, unfolds an absorbing love tale
delicately and frankly set forth. The
development of Da Vinci's philosophically indifferent attitude toward women
in the first place, to the gradual yielding of mind, soul and body to the
charms of Monna Lisa, culminates in a
climax, when the two reveal the full
strength of their love.
Upon tho death of Madonna Lisa del
Oiaconda, tho artist realized that ho
had learned from hor what he had vain
ly sought boforo. "And so I learned
through my lady what a woman soul
might be. Instead of truth and justice
which is the goal of man's virtue, woman 'b ond is lovo—love with truth nnd
justice if that be possible, but lovo
transcending truth and justice if it be
To gain a seat in the British House
of Commons is no easy task in these
days of Btronuously-contosted elec
tions; to loso one is a far simpler mat
A glass of beer givon by a too-generous canvasser to a wavering elector, a
promiso of employment, an omission in
the return of elections expenses, or the
issuo of n poster without the name nud
address of the printer and publisher.
are a fow offences, among many,
fraught with grave consequences to the
triumphant member. Recent election
petitions have shown the truth of this.
If personally responsible for corrupt
practices, the unhappy candidate, on
conviction, is incapacitated for election
to any constituency for seven years,
and his late election is rendered void.
Whether tho candidate bo personally
responsible, or responsible only through
his agents, a conviction of illegal practices usually carries with it thc latter
penalty, and the unseated member has
beforo him the option of retiring from
public life for a season or of onco more
facing the music of another contest.
It must be bomo in mind, too, that
a candidate is, with certain exceptions,
liable for the illegal practices of all
persons who may, on the trial of tho
election petition, be held to bo his
It is possible, howover, to to have to
acute a scat in the Houso undor happier circumstances than these. *or
example, a writ may bo issued summoning a member to the House of
Lords; nnd, as peers of parliament and
of Irish peers, not included in tho 28
peers of the realm—with the exception
representatives of Oreat Britain—are
ineligible for u seat iu the Commons,
tho newly-born peer retires to his rest
with blushing honors thick upou him,
nnd leaves to some other aspirant for
parliamentary honors the fierce turmoil of another contest.
Acceptance of tho " Stewurdship of
the Chilteru Hundreds," or, when tnat
office is not available, the "Manor of
the Kast Hundred," is, of course, equivalent to resignation, and is the usual
method of vacating a seat in parliament.
There are three casos on record
where a member has beon appointod
agent of a militia regiment to enable
him to vacate his seat and stand for
some other constituency.
Tho election of a member to the
House of Commons can nlso be rendered void by bankruptcy or lunacy, but,
in such a case, ...e seat is not immediately vacated.
Six months' grnce is allowed by law
before the House can order tho issue of
a now writ.
A number of most interesting cases
havo arisen out of the famous act
known as the 5th of Anne, tho 25th
section of which enacts that, if a member Bhall accept any office of profit
from the crown, his election shull bo
void, but such person shall bo cupnble
of re-election.
There nre certain exceptions, however, provided for by statute A few
offices of profit thero nre acceptance of
which does not entail the vucutiou of
a seat in the Commons, among them
beiug those of financial secretary to
the war office, governor of tho Bank of
Kngland, and tho office of paymaster-
general. A further exemption has been
mude which provides that u mombor
may accept other offices in succession
to the one for which ho sought re-election without vacating his sont.
Sultan Mehmer V., as Seen
by Mr. Stead
A convict, provisionally sentenced to
eight yeurs' hard labor, has been duly
und legully married in i'aris to a young
woman named Hlanche, li distant cousin.
The young ludy had declared that she
would marry the convict oven if he
wore convict's stripes. The convict,
whose mime was Cortier, sont word that
ho was "willing" us soon as sho could
manage it. Tho prison authorities woro
applied to, and gavo thoir consent. At
tho wedding the bride stood beside her
fiance, holding his hand for a long time
—tho only hand that wns freo, for tho
other wns tightly held by the municipal
Before scraping new potatoes always
soak them far half an hour in salt and
wator. The effect afterwards is wonderful; not only do the skins come off
much more easily, but the hands will
hardly be stained at all. A Httle pumice stone or half a lemon rubbed on
thom will remove thc stain.
When you nro about to sweep a room,
take a pago of newspaper or other
wrapper, wot in hot water, and squeeze
until it censes to drin. Tear into piocs
the size of one's hand and cast all over
tho carpet; then sweep, and most of the
dust in the room, if you uso your broom
judiciously, will be gathered in tho
No matter how bad gonornl business conditions aro the moving-picture
industry is never at a standstill.
The now Turkey has both a roal man
and a real policy. Such, at any rate,
iB tho firm belief of Mr. W. T. Stead,
editor of tho English Review of Re
views. Mr. Stead spent the month of
July in Constantinople and was accorded the privilege of a personal interview with the Sultan. He describes
this meeting and what was said at it
in his review for September. Of the
Turkish ruler, ho says:
"The Sultan is a man well advanced
in yoars. Of hia sixty-seven years ho
Bpent thirty under constant surveillance, which made him practically a pri
soner. No man can bo long iu confinement, whether in a gaol or iu a
palace, without to some extout losing
nerve. The nerve and muscle of his
mind might well have become atrophied
by prolonged seclusion from tho busy
world. Ho hus nut the keen, alert, decisive temperament of a Roosovolt. Ho
has not yet quite got Ins sou logs. Ho
is not a man out of which "a riding
Sultan" is mado. His character
more contemplative than executive. He
is givon to mystic reveries. Persistent reports as to his ill-health, although
as constantly denied, leave an uneasy
impression that tho valuo of his lifo
is not high from the point of view of
an actuary of uu insurance company.!
To put tho case at its worst with frank
brutality, tho Sultan is regarded as a
weak old man, remarkable neither for
intellect, energy, nor resolution, advanced in years and infirm of body, who
Ib a mere puppet in tho hands of the
Voung Turks, To suit their turn, they
summoned him to a throne which they
are quite ready to provide with another
occupant Bhould be cease to be as clay
in their hands. ... It is truo that
Mobmed V. is neither a Poter the Great
nor a Mahmoud II. It is truo that he
is advanced in years, nnd that he has
lived most of his life as a recluse, finding consolation in the study of Arabian mystics rather than seeking his inspiration in Bluo-books and state
papers, lt may be truo that his health
is not of tho best, and it is undoubtedly
true that he was called to the throne
by the military pronounciamiento
which waB exploited by the Young
Turks in the interest of constitutionalism. Nevertheless and notwithstanding, I adhere to my deliberate conviction that ut tho present moment the Sul
tan is the man of the situation, and
that thc hope of the immediate future
lies in tho opportunity which skilful
und courageous Ministers may afford
him of currying out tho policy which
ho believes to be tho best for the maintenance and the preservation of the
Ottoman Empiro."
Tho Sultan is the mau of the situation, Mr. Stead maintains.
llo is the man of tbo situation-
first, because ho is Sultan; secondly, because he is the Caliph of Islam; and,
thirdly, becauso ho has got fundament
ally sound ideas as to thy principles
on which the Empire should bo governed, lle mny be a weak, timid, irresolute, inexperienced old mau. But
ho is still the man on the throne, the
legitimate heir uud accepted representative of tho House of Othman, the re
cognized chief of tho Moslem world. By
virtue of his position, at onco secular
and sacred, ho counts for more than any
other human unit in tho Near East. It
is iu liis namo and by virtue of his de
legated authority that government is
carried on. Not oven the incredible
betisos of some of the Young Turks
havo boen able to rob HiB Majesty of
the glamor and tue glory that aro in
separable from the person of the Padishah. Abdul Hamid traded on the credit of the position for over thirty years.
Mchmed V. finds the prestige of tho
throne unimpaired in the eyes of the
majority of his subjects, even by tho
crimes of his predecessor."
Far from beiug a conventional palace
puppet, his English interviewer found
the head of the Turkish Empire, "u real
man—a man of Blow, but steady intelligence; a man gonial and Hy input hotie
in temperament; a man modest and retiring rather than ambitious, but nevertheless u man capable of firm resolution,
nnd uot by any means incapable of
conceiving a high ideal and adhering
to his purpose with an altogether unexpected degree of firmness. Above
all I fouud in him a saving sense of
humor; a shrewd and kindly wit; a
willingness to listen and to share ideas
with a stranger. There wus no affectation iu the Sultun. Ho was u human
being in u very difficult post, who
rather wistfully welcomed uny sincere
(inverse on the duties und responsibilities of his groat position. Ho is not a
hustler like Mr. Roosevelt, nor a dramatic entrepreneur like the Kaiser, nor
omplote man of the world like Edward Vll. There may be about him
a certain lack of alertness, born of long
seclusion; but after all has been suid,
Mob mod V. is u good man—a kindly
mun; a mun with u mind and a character of his own; a mun with a conscience; nud besides nil that he is tho
mun wlio more clearly than any other
mnn whom 1 met in Turkey grasps with
kind of inherited instinct tho only
principles upon which it is possible to
make the Ottoman Empire contented,
prosperous uud strong. That such a
man should occupy the throne at the
present moment in the heart of tho Near
Kast is to mo the most reassuring fact
of the present situution."
Whnt's tho policy of Sultan Mourned V.? It is first and foremost, wc
aro told, the policy of a constitutional
But in the second place it is a policy of one who, whilo bolng a loyally
constitutional sovereign, determined to
govern tnrough his responsible Ministers, is a believing Moslem. Thirdly,
the policy of the Sultan, ns he explained it to mo und as it hns been
expounded to mo by one of tho most
trusted diplomatists in his service, is a
policy of pence. So far from being
(.sponsible for tho policy of Chauvinistic aggression which in the last two
yoars hns so profoundly dlcrodited thu
governing junta at Snlonica, it is regarded by tho Sultan with frank and
unconcealed   abhorrence.     His watch
word is peace. Of courso, if the integrity of hia Empire was assailed or
its interests unjustly attacked, Mchmed V. would not hesitate to use the
effective instrument whioh Mahmound
Chefket Pasha is making perfect. But
if he had to sanction war he would do
so with a heavy heart. Peace, not
war, is tho policy to which he is devoted. This is not the expression of
a mere empty platitude. The Sultan's
idea of peace is twofold. So far as the
European powers are concerned, he is
for friendship with all and entangling
alliances with none. . . What iB
much more important than his viows
as to the relations betweenTurkey and
the groat powers is the conception, the
statesmanlike conception, which he
brought to tho throne of reconstituting
tho protective unity of tbo old fabric
of the Ottoman Empiro by a policy of
fraternal co-operation and alliauco between Turkey and the Christian states
which havo beon established on the site
of Turkish provinces. The Sultan's
dominant idea is the creation of a
friendly co-operative union, rathor than
a federation between the Ottoman Empire on tho one hand, and Bulgaria,
Oreece, Servia, and Montenegro on the
othor. Fourthly, tho Sultan is dead
against the policy of enforcing uniformity of Inw, language, religion, or system upon all the races which make up
his Empire."
One of the most disastrouB mistakes
of the Young Turks, says Mr. Stead,
developing this idea, can be traced directly to their French education.
"Their political ideas were framed
in tho spirit of a French logician. They
were bo obsessed by the idea of uniformity that they went vory near to
sacrificing to their fetish the unity of
the Empire. Tho Sultan was against
this centralizing, Tiirkifying policy
from the first. As constitutional monarch he was compelled to see it carried
out in his name. But when in Albania
and iu Arabia it brought forth itB fatal
fruits in bloodshed, rapine, and revolt,
ho ventured to assert his early and unconquerable repugnance to the policy of
Turkilication. Upon this subject I had
a vory interesting and intimate conversation with His Majesty. I had
been explaining tho fundamental principles of the British Empire as those of
liborty und self-government. The 8ul-
tnu observed somewhat dryly that nations were sometimes like naughty
children—a little whipping did them
good. When 1 pointed to tho good results which had followed tho adoption
of a Liberal policy in South Africa,
the Sultun snid, 'I know nil about Oeneral Botha and tho Boers, but don't forget you had to whip them first.' Then
he wout on to draw a parallel between
British policy in South Africa and his
own policy in Albania. He maintained
thut his policy in Albania was like ours
in South Africa, and that tho enthusiastic reception given to him by the
Albanians when ho visited Kossovo was
a close parallel! to the acceptance by
thc Boers of their position In tho British Empire."
Tho French army is about to discard
its brilliant and gaudy attire and to
drape itself in sombre hues. In 1870
the French uniform was an almost unmissable mark for Prussian sharpshooters, who upon the next occasion will
find that they have a target almost indistinguishable from the soil.
The new uniform is not of khaki.
France never imitates another country,
for to do this would imply a lack of
originality. She has devised a cloth
of a light greenish gray that is almost
invisible against ordinary natural backgrounds.
It Ib to be feared that war may become unpopulur if it is thus robbed
of its sartorial splendors. Croat
changes usually come in unforeseen
ways, and it would certainly be curious
if the efforts of peace advocates and
their appeals to reason Bhould be outdistanced by a chnnge of uniform that
renders the soldier less spectacular and
therefore less interesting to tho fom-
inine eye. Forty yeurs ugo John Ruskin, addressing an audience of women,
said thut wnr would disappear forthwith if tho great guns thut tore into
bloody fragments tho bodies of men
did but also cruck the china upon thu
diniug-room tables of England, He
said that women kept the war fires
burning, and thut they could extinguish
thom by n word. Perhups tho sober
clothing <>t the modern army will do its
part iu destroying the glamour created
far more by the uniform than by the
mun who wears it,
The raising of tho ancient Roman
boat from the bed of tho Thames has
occupied muny weeks and has supplied
a new problem to the engineers entrusted with tho work. The wreck wus
loop iu the mud of the river, and after
nn immersion of I,Ouo yeurs its timbers were almost as soft as putty, lt
was necessary to surround it witli a
wooden casing before attempting to lift
it, and it was thon druwu by fifteen
horses to its final resting placo, tho
night being chosen for tho journey bo
that thero should be no interference
from the traffic. Tho ship is bolievod
to have boen ono of the flrst ever built
by tho Romans for tho defense of Englund, but whether it was destroyed in
battle or by accident is a mattor of
A fellow hasn't to Bit in a hammock
with a fat girl unless he knows tho
A man frequently pins his faith to a
star, only to discover that it is a firefly.
No mattor how little wo lovo our
neighbors, wo can nco no good reason
why thoy shouldn't huvo a kindly foci
ill); for un.
To prevent lamp chimneys from cracking put thom into a pan of cold wator,
gradually heat until it boils, and lot it
as gradually cool.
Mrs. Wilson, 110 Wickson Avenue,
Toronto, says: "About four years ago
a sore appeared on the right side of
my face. This spot increased in size
until it became about half an inch.in
diameter and very painful. 1 went to a
doctor, but the ointment he gave uie
did not have any go6d effect. The sore
continued to discharge freely, and was
most painful. 1 had it cauterized, tried
poultices and all kinds of salves, but
it was no good, uud 1 continued to suffer from it for years.
"A samplo of ZanlUuk was one day
given to me, and I usod it. Although
the quantity was so small, it seemed
to do ma some good, so 1 purchased a
further supply.
"Each box did mo more und more
good, and, to my delight, before I had
been using Ztim-liuk three weeks, I
saw thut it was going to heal tho sore.
ln less than a month it was healed!
"I kuowia ludy in tho oust of the
city, whoso husband suffered for yours
with an open soro on his log. Ou my
recommendation, Zam-Buk wus tried iu
thut case. Tho other duy, when 1 saw
nor, she told mo that it had healed tho
sore completely.
"My daughter, who lives in Lethbridge, Alta., has ulso used Zam-Buk
with the sumo satisfactory result. 1
think it is, boyond all doubt, the finest
healing balm known."
Sucu is the opiniou of all persons
who havo really tried Zam-Buk. lt is
a suro cure for eczema, piles, abscesses,
ulcors, sculp Bores, ringworm, cuts,
burns, scalds, bruises, and ull skin injuries and diseases. 50f. box, all druggists and stores, or post free from Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto, for prico. In caBe
of skin disease use nlso Zam-Buk Boap,
25c. tablet.
When making lemon cheese, or any
thing requiring tho juice of lemons,
if the lemons are allowed to stand iu
hot water for a few minutes thoy will
yield much more juice.
White paper should not be used for
wrapping around articles that are to
be stored away, for the chlorido of linio
in the papor will destroy tho fabric.
Yellowish or blue paper is by far the
'best for this purpose.
Drartk M Mm lit la*. _***. ■*,!*
Maris, br. *mt.m. t. AaiKlTita,Urn.I
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MmI". HIKE Color Card snd STORY Booklet l«,
Tb« Jo(HUon.RkhirJ»un Co.. Limited, Montfl,
Frauds in Leather
IceUftdte River, M \n., Sept. atili 1910
Dl, Bt'J* Kendall Co,
Dear Sirs—Will you (>>«*• mail to
my wares* a copy t,l your "Treatise
oa tlio !!or*$"! l hav: l>«n lining
Keii<liiir»S;>:ivjii Cure anil nKrityifouha
tt Mifc mid sure, Marino JliInn,
That tells Die whole atory, nml lt t*
tiie experience thnt hundreds of tlimt-
■.1111U Imve limlitl the|)fl!t 140 years, uiid
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For Spavin, Ringbone, Carb, Splint,
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DR. B. J. KENDALL CO.. Enesbarf Fells. Vt
Ohiillwaok,   British  Oolumbla
The Oardea et B 1... Id the famous Kraaei
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Write H. T. Ooudland, leey. Board of
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•tt   maps   ete.—THIM COME
The United States Government Bureau of Chemistry is investigating the
question of adulterations of leather.
Most people are not evon aware that
leathers are adulterated; yet it is estimated by official experts that at least
half, and probably more than half, of
all the leather that comes to market
in tbe shape of boots and shoes, harness, bookbindings, etc., is sophisticated in one way or another.
In speaking of adulterations, reference is not intended to such odd and
ingenious manipulations as that by
which a bull's hide is commonly split
into half a dozen thicknesses—these
being used to counterfeit various kinds
of leather, from kid to alligator skin.
What is known is the shoe trade ns
"box calf" is split leather of this sort,
nnd is widely employed as material
for footgear of cheaper grades. Pigskin is likewise imitated very successfully in split leather.
One may buy "pigskin" leggings in
any shoe store at three-fifty to four
dollars a pair; but, at that price, they
are not the roul article, writes Reno
Roche, in the Sunday Magazine. .They
ure made of split leather, stamped by
special machinery in such a way aB to
imitate the grain of pigskin. Even
the little holes where the bristles grew
aro counterfeited. No wonder the
average customer is not able to detect
the fraud! However, it is always possible to decide the matter by examining the leggings on the under side,
which will show the bristle holes if
the article is veritable; otherwise not.
By the use of .stamping machinery,
split bull's hide is made to counterfeit
with great accuracy almost any kind
of leather. Nearly all the alligator
skin bugs one sees carried by women
are of thiB material. Where the imitator is least successful is with cordovan, which is used in tho manufacture of a superior grndo of shoes, and
for certain other fnncy purposes. ThiB
kind of leather is non-porous, smooth
as glass, and has no 'grain at all. It
ib obtained from tho horso j and is not
tho hide of the animal, but a layor of
compact muscle tissue cut from under
the skin of the hip. Leather men call
it "shell." Its non-porous quality
renders it particularly desirable for
shoes, which, when made of it, are
waterproof, and tho real article retains
its smoothness until worn out, whereas
the counterfeit "fuzzes up" und roughens.
All of this, of course, has nothing to
do with leather adulterants, chief
among which is glucose, obtained from
cornstarch. The glucose is applied
either by brushing it on or by putting
it with the leather into a revolving
drum; the object in either case being
to add weight. It should be remembered that much leather iB Bold by
the pound, nnd when loaded with ten
per cent, of its weight in glucose it
brings a more satisfactory profit. Un*
fortunately, the effect of such treatment is to make the leather more
penetrable to water, and hence to
impair its wearing quality und shorten
its life. Where soles and harness arc
concerned it works most unfortunately
for thnt habitual victim, the ultimate
Another common adulterant of leather is Epsom salts, which is alleged,
by those who use it, to "clear the
grain" nnd render the material brighter. Any such effect, however, is alight,
and the treatment is very harmful, destroying tho waterproof quality of the
leather. Hero again the object in view
is to add weight, wbien may be augmented to the extent of ten or twelvo
per cent.
Yet another method adopted consists
in putting into the leather a large excess of tanning material—which, it will
he understand, comprises tannin and related compounds, sugars uud orgunic
acids. By this means twenty per eeut,
may be added to the weight. The effect of the treatment is to make the
leather more water-resistant nt first
but thc superfluous tannin, etc., soon
washes out, so that there i sno real
washes out, so that there is no real
is rendered harder, Btlffer, and moro
likely to crack in bending.
Undor the houd of sophistication
(though not of adulteration in a pro
per soubo) comes the common practice
of bleaching leather with alkalis and
sulphuric acid. If, as usually happens,
free sulphuric acid remains iu the Ica-
her, it attacks the latter continually,
causing it progressive destruction. It
makes the material harsh and brittle,
at the samo time disintegrating it. Of-
ten the surface softens and scratches
off. The alkalis also render tho leather hard, unbending, and cracky.
Such efforts are particularly noticeable in bookbindings, especially sheep
nud calf, which soon go to pieces. Tho
leather bindings of today, as many an
observer will testify, do not last like
thoso of thirty or forty years ago. Of
course, the object of the bleaching process is to improve the color of tho leather, which, as it comes from the tan-
yard, is more or less likely to bo dark
and spotty. By bleaching it is mnde
to assume a uniform light hue, attractive to tho eye.
The shoo nrnnufacturcr, after ho gets
his leather, too often puts it on nn
emery wheel and scratches off nil the
gruin; that is to say, the outside surface. This is very bad; for when the
grain is gone, the leather is all but
worthless. Thc idea in view, of course,
is to mnke the shoes look pretty—the
American nnbit being to buy pretty
things, regardless of quality.
Tn order to realize what happens as
the result of this polishing procoss, one
should understand that the hide of an
animal, tike thc skin of u human boing,
consists of (1) a surface skin or epidermis, (2) the underlying derma or
truo skin, and beneath tho latter, (3)
the corium, which consists mainly of
looso bundles of fibre. Tho opidermis
is removed in the procoss of tanning,
so that the surface of the leather is
represented by the derma, which, being
composed of closely compacted cells, is
hard and water-resistant. It is this
cellular structure that gives to a leather
of whatever kind, its characteristic
grain. To grind it off is to destroy
the wearing quality of the material.
If the shoes look pretty, however,
they will sell; and the manufacturer
blackens the Boles so that the ultimate
consumer cannot see whether they are
made of leather or paper. As a matter
of fact, however, tho paper used in
shoes of cheap grades goes into the inner soles and counters; that is to say,
tho parts that aro least exposed to
wear. For this purpose leather scraps
are commonly ground and mixed with
paper pulp, to be molded into tbe requisite shapes. Sometimes the mixture
is treated with oi), rubber, and glycerin,
the last-named ingredient serving to
soften it, while the rubber and oil render it waterproof.
The principal reason why leather is
going steadily higher is that fewer
of the animals that furnish this, necessity of civilization are being raised
relatively to increased population. A
fortune well up into the millions awaits
the man who will find an available
aud satisfactory substitute. Experi-1
mentB with this object in view are
constantly being made; but as yet,
with small success—although for certain
uses, such as making valises, leatherlike fabrics are produced by applying
sulphureted linseed or other oils, sometimes mixed with a solution of rubber, or canvas or strong cotton cloth.
Such material is waterproof and wears
fairly well.
The United States Bureau of Chemistry haB no notion of trying to prevent adulterations or sophications of
leather, being powerlesB to interfere
with them for lack of any law bearing upon the matter. But it does want
;o teach the uselessnesa and harmful-
ncss of such processes as those here
described. Incidentally, through its investigations, it is endeavoring to acquire knowledge that will lead to better understanding of the fundamental
principles of leather making. It hopes
to find out how to get a greater percentage of tannin from tanbark, and
to ascertain with more definiteness the
character of the work done by bacteria
of different species in the production
of leather.
Sueh problems, it is true, have already boen worked out by leather makers on a rule of thumb basis to a wonderful extent. Take the mattor of
bacteria, for example. Manufacturers
of leather make practical uso of these
microbes long before anybody know
they existed. Some species of them attack and destroy hides; therefore it is
found expedient to uso othor species
to fight them. A hide is soaked in
milk of lime, to softon it so that tbe
hair can be easily removed. But the
lime must thereupon bo taken out, and
for this purpose organic acids are employed. Bacteria arc bred to produce
these acids—lactic, acetic, and formic—
the skin being put into a bath containing them. Leather makers have
kuown how to prepare and utilize such
cultures siuco time immemorial; but
they havo been entirely ignorant of
the*"reason why" behind the process.
When one investigator approached
Borne of the nests, the oldor birdB flew
silently away and did not roturn until
all was quiet. In other cases, the hawks
were noisy and even showed fight, darting down at the visitor's head and
striking out with their talons.
These birds, however, would return to
their eggs when the caller remained
quiet, though he might be only fifty
feet away.
Ono neBt was seen to contain an old
broken axe, a boot-jack, and a straw
hat. Of the variety of materials
wrought into the difforent structures
the following is a brief list: barrel-
staves, barrel-heuds and hoops, the tiller
of a boat, a small rudder and parts of
life-proservers, brooms, an old piano, a
feather-duster, n blacking-brush, part
of a hay-rake, a rubbor-boot, several
pairs of shoos, a pair of trousers, a long
fishing line with hooks and sinkers
wound on a board,-bottles, tin cans, a
door-mat, and a rag-doll.
In tho interstices of mnny of the
larger structures smaller birds had built
their nests, well protected from the
weather. The grackles were especially
given to doing this, and were very bold
in collecting fragments from the fish-
hawks' tables.
As a vermifuge there is no preparation that equals Mother Graves' Worm
Extorminator, Tt has saved tho lives
of countless children.
The world has seven Bibles. They
are the Koran of tho Mohammedans,
the Eddas of the Scandinavians, thc
Tripituka of tho Buddhists, the Five
Kiugs of the Chinese, thc Three Vedas
of the Hindus, tlio Zendavesta and the
Scriptures of the Christians.
The Koran is uot older than the seventh century of our era. Tt is a com
pound of quotations from the Old and
New Testaments, thc Talmund, and the
gospel of St. Barnabas. Tho Eddas of
the Scandinavians were published in
the eleventh century and are the most
recent of these seven Bibles. Tho Bud
dhists' Tripitnka contain sublime mor
als and pure inspirations. Their au
thor lived and died in the seventh cen
tury before Christ.
The sacred writings of thc Chinese
aro called tho Five Kings, "king"
meaning web of cloth or the warp that
keeps the threads in their places. Thoy
contain the choicest sayings of the
best ages on thu cthicopolitical duties
of life. Theso sayings cannot bo traced
to 0 period higher than the eloventh
century B. C. Tho Three Vedas are
the most ancient books of the Hindus
and it is the opinion of groat scholars
that they are older thon the eleventh
century, B, C.
A grout colony of ospreys, or ilsh-
hawks, built their nests at one time upon tbo property of various owners of
land on un island near Now York, a circumstance tlmt enabled ornithologist*
to gather somo interesting laU. v/ith
respect to tho breeding habit 1 of this
One ospiey's nest was built upon n
pilo of old fence-rails, ouly seven or
eight feot from the ground. It had
been added to annually until its bulk of
sticks, sods, decayed wood, seaweed,
and tbo like, amounted to something
like three cartloads. Two other nests
wero built in cedar-trees. These, too,
had been occupied every year for many
seasons, and had been increased by the
addition of fresh material until they
filled thc whole upper parts of the
In the wooded parts of tho Island the
nests wero very numerous. Tho larger
trees in the interior of the wood were
nil occupied, nnd on the edge of the
wood every tree, largo or small, had, ut
leaBt, ono nest, and some of them two
or throe. On the sandy plain boyond
the woods a hundred or more nests woro
built on the ground, and on the north
shore, where tho beach was strewn with
boulders, almost every one of the larger rocks had a nest on it.
Both   bed-bugs  and   fleas  are   very
real enemies of mankind, and aro responsible for much discomfort and suffering.
It does not follow that becauso these
human parasites are associated with
uncleanly habits, that the persons who
are subject to their attentions, are
necssnrily strangers to hygenic laws;
indeed, personB who are remarkable for
scrupulously clean habits, on occasion
find themselves unwilling hosts. Both
types of parasites may be unconsciously picked up in train, car, cab, 'bus, or
boat, for careless and dirty people
make use of the samo conveniences, just
as other folk do.
Infectious diseases aro constantly being spread by the innocent-looking,
though troublesome and elsuive insects
of tho human parasite order. It has
been found that the plague scourge,
from which Sydney has been a sufferer,
emanated in the first place from rats.
Rats, however, are not solely responsible. It was the lively flea which acted
as tho go-between to convey the disease
to human beings.
There aro no less than 400 varieties
of fleas, each of which, while to the
casual observer being much alike, are
quite distinct from each other. The
most important variety is that which
originated from the Nile Valley, from
whence it has spread to other parts of
the world. Next in importance is the
mouse flea, then the, human ilea. It is
interesting to noto that the Australian
and the Tasmauian brands stand well
on the list for giant dimensions.
The bed bug is not a native of this
country; originally it was a stow-away
on board the ship which brought over
first pioneers. The evil influences of
these human parasites aro appalling.
Ono redeeming featuro, however, is that
tho extent of their mischief cnn be lessened greatly by ordinary cure. Wero
it not for this fact, the human race
would sooner or later bo exterminated.
The bug, for instance, is strongly suspected of being a vehicle of such diseases us relapsing fever, typhus fever
and leprosy.
On the other hand, the bog-bug has,
in its day, had attributed to it medical
virtues. Pliny states that in his time it
was regarded as the antidote for snakebite. But the average Canadian it bitten by a snake, would rather die than
knowingly submit to swallowing a potion of whicli thc beg-bug constitutes
the principal  ingredient.
Another Roman authority tells us
that an infusion of the bodies of seven
crushed bugs was administered to patients who wero sinking into nn insensible condition, with the object of rousing them from their lethargy. Ceitaiu-
ly, if that would not rouse them, nothing would.
Lloyds, of London, has developed an
effective system for tracing ocean derelicts, and whenever one is sighted in
any of tho seven seas it is reported to
headquarters, and means are taken to
intercept and destroy it. The Seneca,
a deservedly popular vessel, was recently built for the United States revenue cutter service for the purpose of
patrolling tho seas contiguous to the
Atlantic coast and locating and destroying both derelicts und sunken
wrecks that aro a menace to navigation.
In destroying derelicts and floating
wreckage thc explosive used is gun-
cotton, wnich is carried in boxes aud
is charged into coppor canisters (mines)
which measure 9 1-2 by 9 1-2 inches
by twelvo inches in hoight. Each mine
is loaded with 50 cubic of guncotton.
In the centre of tho canister is a copper case containing a firing charge of
dry guncotton, within wliich is a
primer of mulminato of mercury, which
is electrically detonated. Cables lead
from tho primer up through a threaded cap beneath which is a rubber ball
which, as the cap is screwed down, is
stretched between them. The cable
forms u water-tight joint. Rubber
gaskets also serve to mako a tight
point for tho main cap, which closes
tho top of the canister. A battery is
used for firing. The canister described
is standing for all explosions, us many
Of them being used ns is necessary to
do the work.
An example of the destruction of 11
large sunken vessel is tho blowing up
of the wreck of the three-masted
schooner Belle Halliday, which, when
loaded with paving stones, was sunk
on Polock Rip Slue. The hulk wus
lying across the tide. To destroy the
wreck a scries of mines (canisterB) was
alung on a continuous cable, which was
hung between two boats. The boats
were rowed into a position alongside
the wreck with the cable stretched between them. The cable was then lowered to the bottom, when it was swept
by the tide in under the bilges of the
ship in a position favorable for doing
its work. Tho firing cable was thon
paid out to a distance of about 800
foet and the whole charge detonated.
The Bhip was literally torn to pieces.
For the destruction of similar floating
obstacles, such us deck houses, it is
generaly suflicient to suspend a single
canister beneath the object.
A frequent and dangerous obstruction is the floating mast, which generally is found bottom upwards, with a
portion of the mast showing above ine
surface and tho heavier end of it, containing the heavy mnsthead from fittings und gear, floating many feet below. In this caso, a mine is suspended
on a heavy ring, which is placed over
the mast and allowed to slip down to
the bottom. The crew row off to a
distance of several hundred feet, paying out the firing cable ns they go;
thon by pressing thc button, tho mast
is shivered into splinters.
It should bc explained that for tho
strength of the ship. Thus, in the case
of the Belle Halliday, the mines, each
of which contains forty pounds of gun-
cotton, are placed generally about
twenty-five feet apart, and as a rule
about eight mines form tho limit in
single series. Of couso, tho weight of
tne ehargc varies with the size and
strength of the ship.' Thus, in tbe case
of thc Anglo-African which was strand-
Of ull the perils which beset ocean
navigration perhaps tho most insidious
because tho most elusive and dillicult
to guard against, is tbe derelict—thc
abandoned and, almost submerged but
still floating wreck. When u vessel of
stout construction, particularly if she
is built of timber, is loaded with a
cargo that is lighter than Hia water,
she may sink until she is in the awash
condition, and by virtue of the strength
of hcr hull may hold together for many
yeurs, floating hither and thither nt
the caprice of the wind and tido and
so constitute a perpetual menace to
navigation. The ever-shitting wreck
is naturally uncharted, nnd although
a vigilant watch by day mav suffice to
detect the danger, in the night time
should it lie in the direct trnck of 11
ship, a collision is unavoidable.
Unquestionably the flouting derelict
has been answerable for not a few of
the unexplained losses of staunch and
well-found ships, instances of which
ure too many and too well known to
need any recapitulation here.
.The endurance of tho derelict and the
extent of its ocean wanderings are almost unbelievable. Take tho case of
the Norwegian bark, Crowu, lumber
laden, which was abandoned iu a supposedly sinking condition in mid Atlantic on December 26, 19011. Tn the
following Mny it was reported as ou
the edge of the Sargasso siyi, and at a
later date it was sighted upon the
other edge of the sea, having traversed
in the interval 1,100 miles. In the
summer of 1910 it was stghtod between
Charleston, S.  C, aud  Bermuda.
Take again the case of the Fannie
E. Wollston, which was wrecked on
the Jersey const, October 15, 1891.
During the following three years the
wreck was frequently sighted, once' off
the const of Africa, and later on the
opposite side of the Atlnntic off tho
const of Florida. Finally it dropped
entirely out of sight.
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Corn and Wart Extractor.
ed four miles south half east of Cape
diaries lighthouse, with her bridge
deck awash ond only the mainmast
standing, it was necessary to employ
twenty-seven of the guncotton mines to
insure her complete destruction.
McMillan fur & wool cd.
01 Madison Ave., Toronto.
April 7th, 1011.
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Writ, today tor large tree catalogue.
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c e. wiwms,
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Thore should always ho a bottle of it
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112 The ISLANfcWt; «?MM!iH..\xr>. fit.'
Published  every   Saturday   at   Cumberland,   B.C.,  by
The Islander Printing & Publishing Company
CiiAui.r.s ('. Seqkave,
Managing Editor,
Advertising riles published clsuwlioif in the paper.
Bubsorlption price iii.M per year, pnynble in ndvaiict
The editor does uot hold   himstlf responsible lor views expressed by
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., __,_., D.C.L., President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000_    REST, -   $8,000,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility
for the transaction of their banking business including tlic discount mid
collection of sales notes. Blank sales notes ure supplied free of charge
on application,
Account! may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank of
Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same careful
attention as ia given to all other departments of the Hank's business.
Money may be deposited or withdrawn iu this wuy as satisfactorily as
by a personal visit to tht Bank. *ni
SATURDAY, NOV. 25,   1911.
What the Editor has to say.
Signs of:the times are in evidence on every hand. After
the snow came the rain; after the rnin we have the frost, and
it reminds us of the saying; ".lust one u d thing after another." And greater things, one' after another, are coming to
First, we have had the snow—a little more snow a little ear
lier than usual. We survived that and now we have the news
that the Colliery company is going to spend $1,600,000 in and
around the coal fields here. The C, P. 11. has let a contract
for the forty miles of grading between McBride's Junction and
Union Bay. That is only a few miles irom here, as those who
are up in their geography know. Humors are rife of a line between Alberni and Cumberland—rumors we expect to see verified very soon. Ami then vve have Mayor McLeod putting in
new sewers and improving lln1 cily generally, We, ourselves,
had so much work to tin we had to get tlte assistance of another printer. Mi' A. McKinnon hns put a. big sign up over 'his
establishment. Also Mr. E. C. Emde, a got id evidence of
"Signs of the times." Tin- new hotel, "The King George," wil-
soon open; aud agaiu, wt- will soon liavea customsothcor.■ An
express agent, we tin- informed, is coming to look over the field.
We also hear a representative of the Y. M. C, A is about to d<
the same.
Now, all you down-hearted ones, get out and boost, and
when tke good weather comes, put a new coat of paint on your
house; fix that picket fence ninl get in line with the good
things that are coming your way—our way—Cumberland's
way. Cheer up! Cumberland has just started to wake up
"Slack work will pass away, Pretty soon you'll have to work
everv day." So don't grouch, but cheer .up. The best is yet
to come.
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
Centre of the rich Buckley Valley, centre nf supply fnr Prince
Rupert, .entreat tlio Richest milling district in B. ll. DUY
NOW liefore prices gn tip, Price, business lots $250, corner $360.   Terms. $50 cash, bai. 6,12 ami IS months' Apply
|£$,I-s landkr Office or
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock
... Accident..
Phone 22.     Courtenay, B. C.
t __W-jw~mm s»rjg
Pilsener Beep
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
B ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
=Best on the eoastsss
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.O.
A good assortment of Berry Sets,
Fancy Cups and Saucers, Mugs, etc.
just opened out, also an assortment
of Toilet Sets.
k Full Stock of Furniture Beds and Bedding Always on Hand.
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, B.O
jBeabneCC &^$tx>atfes
leaf: Estate
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for __, & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
We have ofteu been asked by our inquisitive brethren who
wrote this or that article? The unking of such question is foi
us to laugh. A newspaper is like the deep, deep sen; It never gives up its sinvts.
The Methodist iti'mistera of Windsor are threatened with a
serious out'taihneut of revi uu i .V ennui lerable portion ol
tbeir income is derived from murriuge fees received from A-
merican couples desirous of lm\ iug the ceremony performed on
foreign soil. It is now proposed to give a supemnuated preach
er the exclusive privilege of this import trade, who will devote
his whole attention t > the pi inant and profitable work. --Vancouver Province.
Al Ws of Hauling
First Class Is For le.
Orders Promptly Attended to
IHlUJWWHiragr tut-i.* a.-jiucaaLit
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known aa
Dealer in l-ruits, Candy, Cigars
and Tobacco.
I____, Billiard Room in connootion
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
HE^ffiSEs-SaSi'l XXX
Displny Advertisements
75 wnt- pet column Inch |>. < in nth
Special ralo for halt page or niorr,
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 'its cents,
No aocoutits run tor 'ii ■ dnm ol advorii'ing
Local Ayent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring else
Office: Cumberland
:   :   :   CEIVED  :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
Courtenay, B. C, Next Door to Opera House
White Cooking
and White
r> i i i
Everything Eirst Class
5 llarristcr,   Solicitor   and
5 Notary Public
The   Ight place for a good square or a
I Christmas Gift Free
™pf __9mii~m__^a_^m-i-m_e-m'A^~K
Christmas Gift Free 1
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
(Eominq into my prem*
ises durinq the month
of December, will re
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
Merry Christmas
whether a purchase is made or not. Gifts are worth SI. to $5.
My advice is buy early and get selections
11ES   Cut Glass> Jewellery of all kinds.
©t U. ikSTOH
Practical   Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
I Will.
Dunsmuir Ave   :::   Cumberland
otB?NSk™"T E. C. EMDE
The  Russell
The only Car Mude
in   America  with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Maseey-Harrls, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bioy-
ales: Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
Bicycles, Sewing Ulacliimts, (Inns, etc.     Seissors and Skates yronnd
Rubber Tins for flfliy Carriages.   Hoops Jor Tubs
11 Hii*
Painter and
All Work Done under
Personal Supervision
Orders may be left at
John Jack' store,
Dunsmuir Avenue   Cumberland
Lit! Sti
n»»»<nn t t tt- * * ' *****  ---*
TVH St  & Peixrifh  * V(?nr
AU kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
liteafc^   w    'MtU*-1*
Onion Lodos No  11, I. 0. 0. F.
M.'i'tH every Friday eveninu at 7 nolock
in I. 0, O. K  Hall    Visiting brethern
•Iau E. Anion, Secretary
a Year
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
=== HOTEL =
The finest hotel in the city.
Don't Miss
Iiii! lute li for
10 DAYS S *
Wonderful Bargains in All Lines. J |
sin lb k ii mm. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND. B.C.
Headaches Ovirthe Eyas
Mean Frontal Catarrh
iOU Can Cure Catarrh In Any Stage
by Breathing the Healing Balsamic
Fames of Catarrhozone, and
Here is Proof
Mr. Uric Berault, Q young gentleman
who has lived for yeara in Swoetsburg,
Que., Inherited catarrh from his mother.
Tho disease spread through his system
till ho was n physical wreck.
"As ft child," said Mr. BorauU, "1
wns prone to an ulceration of the mu
cons lining of the throat and nasal
t grew pale and emaciated, lost all
desire for food, nnd got into such
dreadful condition that my friends said
that Catarrh was fairly eating mo up,
"Every organ of niy body seemed
affected, and the doctor said it was the
flrst stage of consumption. He advised Catarrhozone aud I inhaled it ten
minutes at a time every few hours,
and was rewarded in a few days by a
wonderful improvement.
"Catarrhozone pleased me and the
doctor so well that I used it continually, and took Ferrozone Tablets after each meal to build up my strength.
In about three weeks I was quite re
covered, and the doctor says nc
remedy but Catarrhozone could work
such a miracle,
"Everyone in town knows I was just
about dend with catarrh, and my cure
is an evidence of whnt Catarrhozono
can do. Tt is a pleasure to recommend
Two months' trentment, largo size,
price $1, and guaranteed. Small size,
60c, all roliablo dealers or the Catarrhozono Co., Buffalo, N.Y., and
Kingston, Ont. Beware of dangerous
substitutes and imitations for "Catarrhozone."
During the progress of a very exciting match recently held at the Chicago
Oolf Club between John Barton Payne
and W. B. Bull, a noted exponent of the
"royal and ancient game," a ball
driven by Mr. Payne killed a cockerel
that had recklessly stayed within the
danger zone, and, pnssing on, resulted
in a bogey four for thc distinguished
jurist. The latter, however, ignoring
his brilliant performance and the admiring comment of his oppent, turned
to hiB caddy, and, with a look of the
most inexpressible sadness depicted on
his handsome features, directed him to
secure possession of the remains of his
victim and destroy all evidence of his
"fowl" deed.
In many ways is Kano a wonderful
place to find in Central Africa. This
native city has great enfolding walls,
twelve miles in circumference, pierced
by thirteen deep gateways with platforms and* guardhouses and massive
doors heavily damped with iron. Its
written records date back noarly 800
years. And although incomparably the
most important it is not the oldest of
these Hflusa cities—Katsimi, now in
thc same prrvince, is probably older.
Torres **_,_
Swollen, Varicose Veins, Had L#jn>
poftltii, Km-iiltia and )!rul*«» respond
aHtHi]ytntW< Honor AHNOKIUNK.JK.
At..ifo,ln ;illrii..f''J!'iliin.Min'iNC'p.lcllDlQiciib
tluLpr rii-irates to thuscatof trouble cuutlst*
Ine nature to make permanent recovery.
Allays [min and IntlnrumnUoa. Mild ana
pleasant to UKn—flulcUly absorbed Into tissues. Successful in other cases, wni not in
yours? A1ISOKHJNI;, ,1 IE., II and ti per
ttovta nt iruggisU or deliver*.*., Iiu k l G free*
«rrmhh*4 kjiAunx mil.** wthrr fo., Wh
I I1TIQK1L UN Mi  k MIIHM *l. 1U„ WIuhIm
mt* e-4 HMMKiOl um. CO. LU, TimniwT
ATES—I hear that JoneB is making his home attractive.
Yates—Yes,   he  has   sold   his
"Consistency is ft jewel,*'
"That's all right, but you can't
work it off on any girl instead of a
diamond ring."
Maud—You 'd nover dream of the
proposals I've had this summer.
Ethel—No, dear; I'm not so good a
dreamer as you are.
According to  Dr. Sargent,  of Harvard, "woman is nature's  favorite"
She everybody's favorite, isn't sho?
'' And what aro you going to bo when
you grow up?"
"Well, after I'vo been a judge for
a while to please mothor, nn' tin admiral to please father, I hopo to bo au
engine driver."
* *    »
"I toll you, I'm down on theso au-
tor mobiles," said tho  Kansas farmor.
"Bother you much?" asked tho tourist.
"WeU, I sh'd say so! Whon a feller
sees a tunnel-shaped cloud a-comin*
a-whoopin' ho don't know whether to
run for a gun or a cyclone collar."
* *    *
Mrs. Finefeather—" Aro you taking
your huBband abroad this year?"
Mrs. Bonton—"No. I decided last
yenr when he insisted upon speaking
of the Venetian gondolas as canal-boats
that tho real charm of Europe is lost
upon him."
A big negro and a small Italian were
sawing a large timber with a heavy
cross-cut saw, each in turn pulling it
baek nnd forth. A puglistic Irishman
stopped to watch the operation. In a
minute he hit thc negro, saying:
Give the saw to the little fellow if
he wants it."
Well, Binks, I seo you've returned
from your thousand-mile tour in New
England," said Bjones.
'Yep," said Binks.
'How did you  find  the  hotels en
route?" asked Bjones.
Hotels?"   retorted   Binks.      "We
didn't stop at any hotels.    We passed
all our nights in the county jails."
A Louisville barrister escorted his
wifo and daughter to a lecture, and
then to his wife's annoyance disappeared. He was on hand, however, when
tho meeting was over.
' Hello., there, Theodore,'' said a
friend, meeting tho barrister and his
family in thc street car, "beon to the
Tho lawyer stole a look at his wife's
"No," be answorcd, "just going,"
The car had wheezed slowly along,
until finally Jobleigh grew impatient,
Look here, my good man," he snid
to tho demonstrator, "I don't want an
old snail of a car like this. I want
some speed."
But just think of tho economy of
a car liko tbis," said the demonstrator.
"Economy?"      retorted      Jobleigh.
Where does the economy come in?
It costs just ns much to run as any
other car, doesn't it?"
"Yes," replied the demonstrator,
"but think of what you'll savo ou
President Hadloy recalls that thc day
wheu he succeeded the learned und
witty Timothy Dwight as president of
Yale University the exercises attendant upon the transfer of authority were
marred by a heavy fall of rain.
"It cainc down suddenly," said Dr.
Hadley, "just as a column of people
which President Dwight und I headed
were crossing the campus. Someone
handed us an umbrella which I was
about to open when my companion took
it from me.
Let mc earry it, Professor,' he
whispered. 'Your reign will begin tomorrow.' "
, jtmw//&c__
Cor. Tortage Ave. and Fort St.
Awarded  first prize at World's
position on its work and methods.
Write for a free catalogue.    We also
give instruction by mail.
The Wretchedness
of Constipation
Cu quickly be overcome by
Purely vegetable
" " surely tod _\
pally on
■Ter.  Cure
mm, ud lodigettioQ.   Tkey do theit daty.
3m.ll Pill, Sawn Dom. 9mtU Prlco.
Genuine munim Signature
The judge looked at Briarley benignly over his spectacles.
'I'll have to fine ye for exceedin'
the limit," he said. "An old offender
like you—"
"Old offender?" interrupted Briar-
ley. "Why, judge, I never wus in this
part nf the country until todny in all
my life."
"The constable says he warned yo
three times," said the judge.
"Warned me three times?" echoed
"Yes, you," said the judge. "He's
testified on oath that he yelled 'Hi.
thar!' at ye three timos before ye
stopped,   Ten dollars and costs."
Several years ago, when the Methodic church in Willoughby was being
torn down to make place for the present beautiful edifice, Mayor Wilson
had occasion to hire n man for u few
He sought Pat O'Brien—a well-known
citizen—to do the job.
"I can't do ut at flll—at all!" declared Patrick,
"Oh, try it for a day or two," urged
the mayor. "Get off uny way you cnn
to help me."
"BegohH, I can't do it. I'm havin'
th' toime of me loifr. I'm tearin'
Sown a Protestant church, an' bein'
pnid fr it."
*    t    *
As ft summer recreation the actress
decided to stnrt a poultry fnrm, which
she did with a barnyard hen and thirteen eggs from the village store.
Not having even the most elementary
knowledge ef poultry, she enquired of
n neighbor how long eggs generally
took to hatch.   She reccivod tho reply:
"Three weeks for chickens nnd four
for ducks."
No matter how deep-rooted tho com
r wart may he it must yiold to Hollo
■ ay's Corn Curo if used as directed.
The neighbor met her Borne time afterward, and on being asked how tho
poultry farming was going on, she ro
plied, with a lowering coutenanco:
"Oh, I'vo finished with it. At the
end of three weeks there were no chickens, so I took tho hon off, as I didn't
want ducks."
»   «   «
Governor Eberhart, of Minnesota,
during an address, told the following
story of his own experience:
"Onco whilo travelling through iny
state I was noticing in particular the
great amount of waste that was going
on about mc. During tho aftornoon I
went into tho dining-car, which wus
crowded, so I sat down near ono end
of tho car, opposite a fleshy lady, who
I thought weighed at loast two hundred and fifty pounds.
"As I looked past tho lady through
tho car window, not noticing hor particularly, I was impressed by tho vast
amount of farm machinery that was
unsheltered nnd exposed to the weather
and could not help but remark, "What
a waste I'
'' Tho lady opposite me faced mo
squarely nnd said: 'Mister, you just
mind your own business., "
* *   *
Robert Macon, congressman from Ar-
kansas, vouches for tho following story:
The owner of a pretentious town
dwelling was reading in tho smoking
room of his home whon ho looked uj
from his paper and saw a soedy-looking
individual standing down on the carriage-way, oyes dilatod and mouth wido
open, seemingly dazed at the imposing
sight beforo him.
After watching him somo timo the
owner becamo annoyed, and leaning out
of the window, said:
"My man, dou't you know this is
private property? Why do you stand
there staring at my house? Do you tako
it for a church?"
His unwelcome visitor, aftor looking
him over aB carefully aB ho could at
the distance, replied, "Wall, I thought
as how it might bc ft church till I saw
the devil poko his head out'n the window. ''
* »   #
Lee MeClung, treasurer of tho United
States, once accompanied a party on a
trip to the Maine woods.
"Ono of our numbor," says Mr. MeClung, "was fond of nil tho Indian
legends nnd the names thoy gave to
places and streams of that interesting
"In the course of our travels we
came upon a littlo glen. 'And whnt
do you call this?' he asked.
" 'Mystum,' replied the Indian
"Hero was a new, romantic name
that promised possibilities.
" 'Why do you call it Mystum? And
what does the name mean to the red
man ?'
" 'Well,' replied the guide, 'once we
saw a big buck here, and we missed
um,' "
* *    «
"Big Six" Mathewson, for years
King of the Twirlers, told this story
nt an impromptu reception one night:
"Thc teacher of tho class in English
hnd demanded that the pupils all write
for their daily exercise ft short account
of a baseball game. Ono youngster sat
through the period, seemingly wrapped
in thought, while thc others all turned
in their narratives.
After Hchool the teacher, impatient
nnd disgusted at the laggard, offered
him only five minutes to write the
description, with a thrashing as an alternative.
The boy concentrated all his attention upon the theme in hand, and as
the teacher counted his remaining moments.
At the last, he scratched a lino on
his tablet, and with a sigh of relief
handed it to his master. It read, 'Itain
—no game.' "
Nothing So Sure to "Set Up" a Man,
Make Him Feel Brisk and Vigorous aa Dr. Hamilton's Pills
Lack of exercise and overwork woro
tho causes that combined to almost kill
Samuel S. Stephens, Jr., ono of tho best
known  citizens in Woodstock.
In his convincing letter Mr. Stephens
"A year ago I returnod homo after a
ong trip, completely worn out. I was
so badly affected by chronic billiousnoss,
so mueh overcome by constant headaches, dizziness, that I despaired of
ever getting well. I was always tired
and languid, hnd no energy und spirit,
found it difficult to,sleep for more than
five hours. My appetite was so fickle
that I ate next to nothing, and in eon-
sequence loHt weight and strength. I
wns pale and had dark rings undor my
eyes that mnde me look like a shadow.
"It was a blessing that I used Dr.
Hamilton's Pills. In one week I felt
like a new man. The feeling of weight
and nausea In my stomach disappeared.
My eyes looked brighter, color grew
better, and, beBt of all, I began to enjoy my meals. The dizziness, languor
and feeling of depression passed away,
and I fast regained my old-time vigor
and spirits. . To-day I am well—thanks
to Dr. Hamilton's Fills."
Por health, strength, comfort and
good spirits thero is no medicine like
Dr. Hamilton's Pills. Beware of substitutes, nnd don't let any dealer palm
off some othor pill on which ho can
make moro money. 25c. per box, 01*
five boxes for $1.00, by mail from The
Catarrhozone Company, Kingston, Ont
ners, Rothschild, the sire of King
Cole's dam, is acknowledged by all ns
ono of tho greatest sires New Zealand
ever saw, nnd to enumerate the standard performers to his credit would fill
a volume. Kola, the second dam of
King Cole, has a record of 5:00 in a
two-mile race, and wns one of the most
consistent trotting marcs over seon on
New Zealand tracks. Sho wns sired
by Harold Childo, a son of Childe Harold (imp.), who is in turn also tho sire
Tke Horseman
On August 20, King Colo reduced the
Australian mile record of 2:09, held
by his own sire, Ribbonwood, to 2:08
3*6. King Colo now holds the mile nnd
two mile records of Australia. A few
weeks previous to his mile effort he
reduced tho two-mile record to 4:81, in
a race from standing point, winning
tae National Cup. Before that he had
won the King (leorge handicap in 4:118.
In his mile against time he had a Hying
start and pnecmnker.
The Australian writer "Templar"
has this to say of King Cole:
"King Cole is a bright chest nut in
color, standing nbout ICiM hands high,
and was foaled in 1001, He commenced
his racing career «s a three-year-old,
and out of 2IS starts on the tracks his
record is: 8 firsts, ;i seconds, and '.,
thirds, his winnings to date totalling
"On the score of breeding, no fault
can bo found with King Cole's pedigree, as ou both the sire's nnd the
(lam's sides it is safe to say there is
no better Australasiuu-bred stallion at
the service of breeders today. Sired
hy Kibbouwooil, 2:0!) {champion pacer
of Australia), out nf Kola Xut, by
Rothschild, he inherits the hlood that
has produced speed and beauty in hundreds of the trotters and pacers to be
seen on the race tracks of Australia
and New Zealand. Ribbonwood, who
stands the season in New South Wales,
at a fee of $00, is the most successful
sire uf early and extreme speed, no
doubt mueh of his success being due to
the Irvington (by Hnmbletonian, 10)
blond nn his dam's side, Among others,
Ribbonwood is the sire of Ribbonite.
2:10; Ribbons, 2:20 1-2; Berlinwood,
2|23 2-5; Mnrie Nnrelle, 4:12; Royal
Ribbon, 4:12; und ft host of other win-
lukkly atop* courfha, cores colds, heab
the tbraal aad lunga •      25 tenti
Thore was a man in our town
Who wasn't very wise;
He stood upon the street one day,
And didn't  mind  his eyes,
An auto came along that way.
And struck him hard, oh, very;
And   now  the  daisies  deck   his  grave
Jp in tho cemetery,
A new heart stimulant is being produced nt the Johns Hopkins Medical
School, and it has been given the scientific name bufogin. It is much more
powerful than digitalis, aud is obtained
by "milking" the secretion from
glnnds located behind the ears of the
bufo ngua, the largest of the tropical
toads found in Central and South
America. The poison—tor the fluid is
n poison—is squeezed from the glands
with forceps.
his hoad the whimsical idea that it
would somo time bring him luck. And
it has brought him luck.
A truer representation of the king
of terrors would be a round-cheeked
house-maid wielding a broom and dust-
cloth, or a cloud of dust stirred up by
tho passing of an automobile along n
crowded, dirty streot.
It would be useless for the writer to
attempt to convince any of his readers
of the frightful mortality duo to "consumption," the older and bettor nnmo
for tuberculosis. Every one is already
convinced. Moro than half of all the
deaths in the world, from the equator
to the poles, is duo to this destroyer.
And tho pity of it is thnt it is avoidable, lf the excreta from consumptive
and typhoid patients were to be destroyed instead of being sont into the
Kingdom of Dust, in a single year both
diseases would disappear from this
planet. Consumption is dust-borne.
Typhoid fever is water bomo,
milk bomo. In accordance with the
germ theory of diseases, so generally
accepted, if wo would destroy tlio germs
thero would be an oud of the disease.
Unfortunately, the chosen places of
the earth, climatically speaking, such
as Denver and Ashevillo, where the
natural conditions are most favorable
for patients suffering from tuberculosis, have become hot-beds for the
growth and dissemination of this dis
ense. By evory train, sufferers como
to these places, and congregate iu ft
comparatively narrow area. Every
swirl of dust in these centres of in
lection carries moro germs than nre
to be found anywhere else, and it is almost a miracle when any one recovers
in theso nurseries of germs, tho con
ditions, other than climatic, being so
Ono of tho most interesting sales of
relics, curios and works of art of
recent years will bo hold at Manor
House, near Dorchester, when tho
Bridge collection will be put up to
auction by Mossrs. Waring and Oillow,
The collection was formed by Mr.
John Bridge, who died in 18111, aud his
son, John Oawier Bridge, who survived him for eighteen years. They
were both members of the firm of
Rumlell, Bridge and Rundell, who were
jewellers to four monarchs — George
III., George IV., William IV., and Victoria.
Nelson and Wellington aro both represented in the collection. There is a
pathetic relic of the great Admiral—
an autograph letter written by Lady
Hamilton to tho then Princo of Wales,
enclosing a lock of Lord Nelson's hair
aud thanking the Prince for hiB kind
ness iu culling on her in the hour of
her bereavement. The look of hair
and the original wrapper of tho letter,
with the blaek seal, are intact.
Charlos 1.. <'ro»s, a grocery clprk of
I.os Angeles, Cnl., whu 1ms carried a
silver half dollar ]>ici!o of tho year of
his birth, has been .instilled in iiis
faith in its luckiness, for it turns cut
that tho coin is of great value, iieing
the second known coin of that date in
existence. Thc owner nf tho only othor
half-dollar coin of 1851! known ro exist, has refused $2,500 for it. flic
1858 half-dollar is indeed the must
valuable coin now in the exhibit, >f the
American Numismatic Association n
Chicago. Tliere are few America1!
coins of greater value by record of
thoir rarity than the 1S.W half dollc.i.
More than half a century ngo In Ills
native town of Nil™, Mich,, thc coin
was given tn Cross as a birthday pros-
ent because it was struck off in the
same venr of his birth. It went into
the pocket of young Cross's tlrst pair
of pants and in his trousers pockets it
has remained ever since. The trousers
hnve .-hanged from timo to timo, but
the coin has never left his possession
even over night.
Cross is now SS years old and hislife
has not always been nn easy one. We
has seen the time when his hick piece
was silent in liis pocket because tliere
was not even n penny thero to ningle
it with, Tliere lmvo been times when
lie has taken tno-four bits from its resting place and was about to sncrillce it
for its equivalent In bread and beans
because except for it he wns absolutely
dead broke, hungry and without where
to lay his head.
Through it all, however, lie has clung
stubbornly to tlio coin and successfully
resisted every temptation to spond it.
There has always been in the hack of
BlokJo's Anti-Consumptive Syrup is
an unparalleled remedy for colds,
coughs, influenza and diseases of the
tnront nnd lungs. Tho fame of thc medicine rests upon years of successful
use In eradicating these affections, and
in protecting mankind from tho fatal
ravages of consumption, nnd os a neglected cold lends to consumption, one
cannot bc too careful to fight it in its
early stages. Bickle's Syrup is tlic
I weapon, use it.
Fred. Swanson, of Saskatchewan, sends
a message of cheer to those who feel
the weariness and discouragement
that comes from broken rest
Jlacklin, Sask.—(Special) — Those
who sutler from sleepless nights and
get up in the morning feeling tired nnd
liscournged will find renewed hope In
tha statement made by Fred. Swanson
of this place. Ho could not sleep at
nights. He discovered the euuse. It
was Kidney trouble. He discovered
too cure.    It is Dodd's Kidney Pills.
"Yes,'' Mr. Swanson says in an interview regarding his caso, "I wns
troubled with my Kidneys for over a
year, so bad that 1 eould oot sleep at
nights. After using one box of Dodd's
Kidney Pills I found great relief. Four
boxes removod all my pain and now I
sleep well nnd I am as strong in my
Sidneys as any mnn.''
If tile Kidneys ure wrong the blood
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natural rest is an impossibility. Strong,
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'After a long experience with different pain remedies, 1 am convinced that
none are equal to Nerviline. I waa
taken with a eold in my chest, which
later developed into a Hort of chronie
bronchitis. Every timo I coughed it
seemed to rack and tear my wholo
chest. I waa also subject to a great
stiffness in my joints, especially about
the knees and shoulders, and experienced much pain in my muscles. To curo
my chest troubles I firat rubbed on
' Nervillne' copiously for two days, and
then put a Nervilino Porous Plaster
over the sore region. I got quick relief.
Rubbing tho sore muscles and aching
joints with Nervilino did more than all
other treatments combined. By tho aid
of Nervilino aud those wonderful Nerviline Porous Plasters almost any ache,
and certainly any kind of inflammatory
cold can bo cured.
(Signed) "Mra. W. J. Sharpo,
All druggists soil Norviliue in 25c.
and 50c bottlos.   Oct it to-day.
The Iron Duke Is represented by tho
original scabbard of the sword worn
by him during the Peninsular war,
bearing the dent of the bullet that
nearly cut short his life. The Duke
appears to have attached no value to
tho scabbard, for ho instructed Messrs.
Knndell, Bridge nnd Kundell to make
a new one in pluco of it, and gave
them the old scabbard in oxebnnge.
This is shown by a document which,
with the scabbard, is mounted in the
frame of an nil painting of the Duke
by Andrew Moroton. Perhaps tho
gem of the collection is an antique
jewelled pendant consisting of a largo
emerald in a circle formed of brilliants and emeralds set in beautifully
enamelled gold, from whieh depends
a diamond-shaped drop. The pendant
is believed to have been the property
of Queen Mli/abeth, nud is inscribed
with her name und the royal crown.
The collection also contains wonderful silver and pewter, an ivory medallion ascribed to Monvonuto Cellini,
statuettes and bronzes by famous mas
ters, Chippendale nnd Hopple while
furniture, rare books, china, and the
wrought, iron railings and scroll lamp
bracket which formerly surrounded the
tomb of Mary Queen of Scots in Peterborough Cathedral.
Dread of Asthma makes countless
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tho attacks return nnd even when brief
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returns Hent to shipper. Our comtniHsion charge in the lowest allowed hy the
Hiiles of the Winnipeg Gruin  Kx elm line, of whicli  we nre members.
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The Labor War in England
Great Britain ia beginning to breathe
freely onee more. She lias looked for
a moment into the abyss of anarchy;
ahe haa all bnt fallen to it. Now that
the danger aeema for the time being to
have passed, now that the life of the
nation is slowly resuming its normal
ways, there ia everywhere apparont a
aenae of prodigious relief. It may be
a little premature. Nearly a woek
has passed by since the threatened and
partially realized strike of all the railwayman in Oroat Britain was averted
by the deft interposition of the government Yet I have only to take up
thia morning's papers to aee that all ia
still far from being well. From many
and widely aeparated parts of the kingdom come reports of rioting and unrest,
of renewed strikes, of cliflluuitios in carrying out tbo terms of ponce; Liverpool
remaina in a stato of semi-siege and
dare not yet rolux a Bingle one of its
military precautions; in Manchester
trade ia at a standstill; tho dispute on
tho London docks is still only partially settled; a district of Wales iB
convulsed by an anti-Semitic outbreak
of a kind unknown in British history
for centuries; and ono great railroad
system botweon London and the north
is Btill almost completely paralysed.
But while there is thus plenty of
ground for anxiety, and while, even at
the beet, some months will probably be
needed before the industrial oarthquako
we have recently witnessed has wholly
subsided, the feoling iB that the main
danger-points have been successfully
paaaed. The upheaval while it lasted
was sufficiently serious. It will be
long bofore -ue British people, with all
their remarkable gift for forgetting,
cease to remember the Becond and third
weeks of August, 1911. They woro
made to feel something of the effects
of a war iu which the British floet
bad been worsted. Thoy saw the Metropolis brought within measurable distance of atarvation, thouaands upon
thousands of tons of food rotting on
tho docks, and aB unattainable as though
they were on another continent, the
prices ot all kinds of provisions doubled
and even trebled in a week, tbo means
of getting about tho city suddenly diminished by one third, owing to tho
shortage of potrol, goods piling up in
tho station yards without a chance ef
delivery, bullion convoyed from tho
Bank of Kngland in taxiB and private
motor ears to ovndo tho detection of
tlio strikers; perishable food, urgently
uooded, convoyod from thc depots to tho
' markets under armed and mounted police and military oscort; newspapers
driven down to thoir last day's supply
of paper and at their wits' end how
to effect delivery, tho East End a daily
und nightly scene of battles betweon
strikers aud polico, o quarter of a million people thrown out of work, the
whole transport service of tho city violently abolishod, soldiors occupying the
railway stations, special constables enrolled by tno thousand, and all London in imminent peril of boing cut off
from railroad communication with tlio
outer world. They saw tho great port
of Liverpool paralyzed, a fortnight pass
by without a single consignment of
goods leaving the docks or depots, ox-
cept under a powerful convoy, tho
transatlantic steamers compelled to
cancel their Bailings, and all the strikers
und hooligans in the city in frequent
and bloody collision with the polico and
soldiery. They saw similar scenes enacted in Manchester, Newcastle, Sheffield, Bristol, Hu.., Swansea, and a
dozen other ports and manufacturing
centres. They saw finally an attempt
to bring to a total stoppage tho entire
railroad system of the country, an attempt that failed in its main object-
two thirds of tho railwny employees remained faithful to the companies
throughout—but that disorganized traffic everywhere, paralyzed it in certain
districts, threatened the end of all industrial activity, and wbb accompanied
by not a few sinister acts of sabotage
and destruction. It acemod for a whilo
us though all labor had broken loose
and waa combining in an assault upon
the vory framowork of socioty, as
though some sudden madness of violence and pillage had descended upou
tho masses, as though all social obligations were being thrown to the winds.
lt is impossible to go seriatim into
tho grievances put forward by so many
different grades and classes of workers
iu ao mony different trades all over the
country. To attempt to do so would
only end in confusion. All I can hope
to uchieve is to bring out tho principal
font ui vs 01 an industrial upheaval unprecedented in British history. First
of all it may, 1 think, bo Bald with
somo assurance that what wus at tho
bottom of tho wholo turmoil wub ii
money question and not a political or u
.-lass question. Hero and tlioro it wns
complicated by a demand for the rocog.
nition of this or that trades union, but,
speaking generally, one mny sny that
through all tho many divisions of tho
transportation buisnoss the main point
at issuo wns one of hours and wages,
Tho Btevedoros, tho lightermen, the coal-
portors, tho cannon, tlio goods portors,
tho dockers, tho vurious grades of railwayman, all asked for improved conditions of labor in timo or cash or uoth.
The cabled reports of Amorican com-
mont on the strikes indicato that in
American opinion the British working
classes are, generally speaking, under-
pnid, and tnat the demand for higher
wages was thoreforo justified. So far
ns the dockers and thoir allied groups
aro concerned I Bhall say that American opjnion was right; but I am more
doubtful in regard to the railwaymen,
and would urge that to tako "averages" of salaries in a service whore
something like a third of the employees
are boya is a highly fallacious proceeding, especially when no nccount, or insufficient account, is taken of the permanence of railway employment, the
provision of freo cloths and uniforms,
the special superannuation, pension, in-
saurnnce, benevolent, educational, and
accident funds, the freo passes at holiday time, and the facilities thrown open
to tho employees for acquiring cottnges
and allotments nt prices that hardly re
turn two per cent, to tho companies. In
Oroat Britain, as in the United States,
to enter the service of a railroad is to
capture one of the prizes of the labor
market, and no company ever has the
slightest difficulty in filling all ita vac-
ancles. Indeed, while the demand for
higher wages undoubtedly operated
with many sections of railwaymen, what
caused the attempt at a general strike
was rather rosentmont over the dilatory
workings ot the Conciliation Boards
set up by Mr. Lloyd-George in 1907 to
settle all internal disputes, coupled with
the determination of the trades unions
to secure recognition. There were of
course many other contributing influences of a more general description. Lab.
or in England, as elaewhere, growing
yearly more mechanical, growa yearly
moro borod. Of late yearB, too, It has
been worked upon by the golden promises held out by tho government of a
new social era. It was never moro
conscious than now of tho inequalities
in the distribution of wealth and opportunity and it has begun to aee that
many of the measures adopted by the
Legislature for tiio special benefit of
tho working classes carry with them
considerable disadvantages. It is right,
for instance that employers should
compensate tholr workmen for accidents
and injuries; but when the result iB
legalizing the principle of compensation
is to make it difficult for a middle-aged
workman either to keep or find a job,
can it be said that labor as a whole is
greatly benefited? Another and mora
immediate cause of the strike was undoubtedly the excessive heat. Nothing
liko it has been known in England for
a generation or more. We have all
been wilted, irritable, inclined to be
lazy, still more inclined to magnify our
grievances and complain of our lot;
and 1 bave a good deal of sympathy
with any one doing manual work under
an almost tropical sun, living in a festering, sweltering slum, who feels the
temptation to lay off for a while and
vary the routine of lifo by cracking a
policeman's skull. It is quite probable that if wo had a normally cool
and rainy August the discontent would
either not havo come to a head or
would have takon a far milder form.
A prominent featuro of the crisis has
been tho testimony it haB borne to tho
increasing solidarity and interdependence of labor. A strike formerly, and,
as a rule, was confined to a single section of a single industry and was directed against a single employer. The
other soctions in tho same industry, or
tho Bame soctions working for other
employers, wero neither dragged into
the struggle nor felt any call to participate in it. If tho stevedores struck
againBt ono of tho dock companies,
other stevedores in the Bervico of other
and possibly neighboring dock companies might still remain ut work without
incurring reproach or running tho risk
of being violently intimidated; and becauso the stevedores struck that was
no reason why tho lightermen and carmen should follow suit. A strike used
thus to bo a strictly localized affair.
Trouoo on ono railroad did not.necessarily imply troublo on nil railroads.
The porters, again, might striko while
the signal-men and engine-drivers would
remain faithrul. But we hnvo learned
once und for all from the recent convulsions that those easy, haphazard
methods are obsolete. Labor nowadays is far better organized and far
more nlivo to. tho valuo of unity and
cohesion. The result is thut wo have
seon mon, with admittedly no grievances at all, leaving their work and
throwing down their tools iu ordor to
show their sympathy with their fel-
low-laborers who had struck for somo
definite cause. Wo have seen a strike
not ot soctions or groups, but of whole
industries. We have seen tbo principle enforced that no ouo section or
group could return to work until all
sections und groups had boon satisfied.
Thore is no necessary connection between dockers and railway men. But
both nro ongnged in the business of
transportation, and at Bristol tho phon-
nmenon wus witnessed of dockers, whose
demands had boon complied with, refusing to go bnek to work because a
smnll majority of them could not work
whilo tho railway men were out on
strike. In the same way the troubles
nt the London docks have been greatly
prolonged because all sections, or almost all, hung together nnd would not
resume work so long ns any section
remained unappeased, In the same way,
again, the men employed by different
rnilroad companies have struck not bo-
cause thoy hnd any grievance of tlieir
own, lint because men employed in other
capacities nnd by othor railroads hud
struck. This is a vory significant development. It means that a striko
against particular employers quickly
turns into u strike against the community ut large.
Anothor feature of the disorders was
the extent to which picketing was carried on by the strikers with a view
both of coercing the faithful to come
out and to preventing the employment
of "scub" or "blackleg" labor.
"Peaceful" picketing is permitted by
British law. Thnt is to say, a strikor
may "peacefully" persuade a non-
striker to loavo work. But in practice it was found all ovor tho country
that this legal permission resulted in
tlio grossest and most violent intimidation and wns, indeod, one of tho main
causes of tho turmoil in tho streets nnd
of tho continuance of the strikes. Thc
question is ono of infinite difficulty
wherever industrialism oxists. On tho
ono hand, a man who desirea, and is
willing to tako, a vacant post ought, it
ia said, to bo freo to do so, nnd all the
powor of tho state should bo oxercised
to prevent his liberty to choice and action from being taken away. On the
other hand a man who steps into a job
vacated by a lnborer ou strike is committing, from tho standpoint of thc
working elnsses, tho crime of crimes.
Between these two attitudes, when it
comes to n struggle, there is little room
for compromise. It depends on the
force onch cnn command which side
wins. This brings mo to the part played by the government throughout the
whole trouble. It was eminently firm
and eminently pacifying. Hardly one
of the innumerable disputes that broke
out waB composed without the intervention of the experienced and universally
trusted officials of the Board of Trade.
They worked untiringly and with wonderful success, and the advantage accruing to the nation from the possession
of a corps of gentlemen who are acquainted with the technical details of
nearly all industries and who are past
masters in the art of ingeminating
peace betweea workmen and employers
was never more magnificently demon
strated. At the same time the gov
ernment did not rely on negotiations
alone. It took a decided stand on the
necessity of keeping the railroads of
the country working to insure the conveyance of the mails and food supplies.
It backed up the police when their con
duct was attacked in tbe house and the
press. Above all, it called out the
military. One had almost begun to
fear that the more robust virtues had
been swallowed up in tho flabby, vote-
hunting aentimentation that ia swamp
ing British public life. But the government, radical though it be, showod
that face to face with a crisis it knew
how to meet it. From first to last It
used no less than fifty thousand soldiers in repressing riots and guarding
the railways, and if the necessity had
arisen it would have uaed four times as
There are two other pointa worth
dwelling on. Tho firat Ib that the Labor members of parliament were as much
surprised ns the rest of the public by
tho extont and violence of the industrial unreat. They did not originate
the agitation nor could they control it.
So far as it was tho work of any one
porson, the Labor leaders who have always been bitterly opposed to the action of the Labor M.P.'a and to the
whole policy of labor representation in
Parliament, and who believe that
for tho working olaaaeB there ia
only one really effective weapon — the
universal strike—were responsible for
it. This may mean, though I do not
think it will, that the same sort of derision which already exists in France
will declare itself ia England, and that
labor will be split up between those
who favor parliamentary agitation and
those who favor "direct action. The
"direct actioniats," as they call themselves, havo at any rate givon a startling display of their power, and in doing so they have shown incidentally
thut the majority of the Labor M.P.'s
are entirely out of touch with the special section of the population they profess to represent. Tho second point
which the disorders have strikingly emphasized is that " collective bargaining" which used to be considered the
strongest point in trade unionism is now
fast becoming impossible, because the
rank and file of trade unionists refuse
to follow thoir leaders or to be bound
by nny agreements entered into in
their name. It was one of the express conditions of the railroad settlement of 1907 toat there should be no
strike until 1914. Nevertheless there
has boen a strike. Similarly when
the terms on which the trade union
leaders und tho railroad directors had
patched up a truce a few dayB ago wero
made known, they wero repudiated by
the men in one railroad contre nfter
another. The same thing happened in
the case of the vnrious interests affected by thc trouble at the docks. The
phenomenon of strikes taking place
against the advice of trade union loaders, of men rejecting tho terms of peace
concluded on thoir behalf by their own
executive, and of lawlessness, inexperience, and in discipline triumphing in
the councils of trade unionism over
responsibility uud common sense, is perhaps the most siuister development laid
bare by the recent disorders. Unless
it is checked it must infallibly bring
trade unionism clattering to the ground.
A man can change his name when he
grows up, if an unkind parent hus
weightod him with something like
"Qntacrc Majuba Bullcr," as at least
oue child was christened during the
Boer war. But a horse! Well, a liorse
cun only kick, but nis nume sticks.
The appearance of a blue-blooded
baby foal on this earthly sphere immediately sets sportsmen thinking out
n suitable name. Tho ideal name iB, of
course, a clover combination of those
of the sire and dam, a name that will
automatically indicate thc youngster's
Many horses get their names in quite
a haphazard way. For instance. One
Away was so called becauso the sou of
the owner had a habit of calling this
oxpression out loudly ovory time he
gave a miss ut  billiards.
Muny owners, ton, have a craze for
alliterative names, and these generally
find favor with the public. Among
them may be recalled Tommy Tittle-
mouse, tlic lust mount of the must
famous of all jockeys, Fred Archer.
Then tliere were those well known
horses, Pretty Polly ami Blink Bonny.
Some years ago everyono wus talking
about Lord Abington's Pot-S-O's, n
horse which won a number of races,
and was sire of two  Derby winners.
Lord Aliington offered ono day, when
on u visit to his trainer, ono of ths
stnblo boys flvo shillings if he could
spell the name "potutoos"—wliieli he
had previously fixed upon—correctly
The boy was puzzled for a minute, but
taking a piece of chalk, he scrawled on
the corn bin "Pot-8-O's," which so
amused his lordship thut ho altorod
his own spelling to suit tho stable boy's
as well ns giving him tho five shillings
for his ingenuity.
Quarrelsome lovers may take a tip
from tho naming of Reconciliation,
whose sire and dam were Lovo Wisely
and Sulks] Another cleverly named
horso was Chestnut Sunday, by Bush-
ey Park and May Race. It will be
recalled that May is the time for the
Londoner's visit to seo the gorgeous
chestnuts in flower in Bushey Park.
Mr. John Corlett, the well known newspaper owner, christened one of his
horses Let Go the Pninter. Tho sire
wns Velasquoz, named after tho great
Spanish painter, and the dam was Tor
pedo so an npter name could hardly
bave been chosen.
His lato Majesty King Edward VII.
waa very particular about the christening of his horses. That famous horso,
Diamond Jubilee, was so named at the
express wish of Queen Alexandra, in
commemoration of the jubilee of Queen
Victoria. King Edward's flrat Derby
winner, Persimmon, received itB name
by a simple combination of those of his
aire and dam, St. Simon and Perdita
The late Duke of Devonshire waa
responsible for a clever name when he
chose Burgundy, out of Isingluss-Burg-
onet. Garuao—the horse, not the singer
—was a colt, whoso parents were St.
Frusquin and Melba.
But nowadays horses get names that
they need not, as a rule, bo ashamed
of. In the past, however the most
ridiculous names were foisted upon the
long-suffering animala. Here I Go
With My Eyo Out waa an extraordinary
one familiar to racegoers of a past generation. Doncastor, which won' the
Derby, was the sire of Bond Or. Before ho curried off the classic race, he
had .the extraordinary and ridiculous
namo of All Heart and No Peel.
Man and selfishness are considered
synonymous, and no ono worrios much
about it but tho immediate victimB. Yet
why should this unlovable trait be winked at when mOBCulinef
A selfish woman ia an abomination;
ao ia a selfish man, but he ia not made
to realize it. Instead of deploring tne
selfishness of men, fight it. ThiB may
mean ructions, but it will polish up masculine mannera.
Men are not born aolfiah, and it is the
fault of some one else that a nice man
becomes inconsiderate.
Who ia to blame t Generally every
oae with whom the boy comeB ia contact. It is not the heathen parent
only who is puffed with pride over the
man-child. No girl baby ever causes
the unctuous voice in which a young
father says, "My sonl" Even the
mother has a longing that the firstborn be a boy.
What follows? Spoiling. He la
treated like a apecial being, though he
may be trained to actual obedience.
Leas ia required of him, more is excused him, becnuse he is a boy. No
wonder ho exacts attentions as a
When the cook loaves, doea brother
waah dishes! Not he. He iB at the
ball field or at ease in a hammock
while sister must put her hands into
the greasy dishwater.
And the odd part of it ia that, while
little sister may murmur at her un-
genial task, may even sulk or storm,
ahe doea not demand that little brother help.
Tho mothor is to blame here. Why
Bhould housework be considered derogatory to boyish dignity! Why Bhould a
man lot a delicate young wife work
alone whenever the cook ia outt He
wouldn't if the boy had been taught to
handle broom and duster, carpet beater,
umi even dishwater every time the cook
Custom may be responsible for this
form of selfishness, but the new
mothers must override this bad custom.
When a wife takes a hand it is too lute;
selfishness is secure.
If mothers only realized that they
were training their sons for unhappi-
ness they would take more pains to
make them thoughtful. Half tbe un-
happiness in marriage is caused by a
selfish husband.
One girl wbo visited iu the home of
her fiance a montli before the wedding
broke her engagement. She loved the
man, but not enough, she Baid, to be
the Blave to him that his mother and
sisters were.
If in a family any one must give
up, make sacrifice, it should be the
boy of tho house. Girls ure not so
easily spoiled; it is their nature to
lavish attention on loved ones, and
they will not make worse wives for
expecting unselfishness in a husband.
A man will not be a prig because ho
can think of his mother and sister.
He'll make a much better husband and
father than if he cultivated his muscles
and brain nnd let his heart be atrophied
with selfishness nnd the tradition that a
man shouldn't help in tho house.
Tho business of raising butterflies is
proving profitable to several persons in
this country and abroad. Costly specimens are grown to satisfy tho whims of
ollectors, and these earn fat prices for
the breeder. Whon the "butterfly
man'' grows a phenomenon he occasionally doubles, triples, or oven quadruples
his income. Ono rare species iB tbat
having threads of bluck or chestnut
over a wliite or yellow wing, each
specimen bringing from $50 to $80.
Speaking generally, however, more pro-
lit is in the common than in the rare
varieties. A butterfly which is whito
everywhere but at the neek is favored;
this sells in enormous quantities at ten
cents apiece, sixty cents per dozen boing paid for the worms, und forty cents
per dozen for the eggs. The buyers
are mostly students or directors of colleges where natural history is taught,
ami their orders are, in comparison with
those of tho collectors of rare kinds,
frequent and large. As the principal
food of the butterfly is tho nettle, violet, or heart'sense, the outlay is at no
time expensive. The principal care
lies in tho cultivation of thc worms.
The best of these uro kept in glass
cages or in cages of fine coppor wiro,
securely closed; but otliers live on garden shrubs covered with muslin sacks
which are so arrunged as to be un-
folded like nn umbrella held top down.
This is important to nvoid mutilating
branches or losing worms. Tho cagos
are put on a tablo the legs of whicli
arc encased in tubs of water as a precaution against preying insects. Port-
ablo wintor quarters for the growth of
plants for "the stock" to feed on, are
furnished by a wash-tub filled with
earth and plants, covered by a table*
top with a hole cut in the eentro, nnd
surmounted by a glnss case
The grower has to study times and
seasons in renewing his specimens; then
he proceeds to paint on the bark of
trees what serves as a sugar-trap. This
is a mortar composed of sugar, dregs
f honey, rum, beer, and essense of pear,
boiled. Tiio trap is a vertical line
about the length nnd width of a yurd"
stick, three feet from the ground, where
the butterflies come to feed at nightfall, and upon atormy and very dark
nights by prof erenco.
The hunter provides himself with numerous small boxes, with willow tops.
A man with a dark lantern accompanies
him, and tho light must bo suddenly
projected upon the sugared area and aa
nearly aa possible concentrated on the
fringe where the feeding is going on.
Managed in this way, the butterfly
seems at no time able to get away.
The hunter holds hia box ao aa to catch
the object ne is after without injuring
ita wings. He sometimes visits a hundred trees a night and reaps a rich
as big aa himself and the Phoenician
statuette. It took him twenty minutes
to get invay witli the bust under his
overcoat, and now that tho "Gioconda"
has boen stolon he foresees that there
will bo combinations in restraint of
trade nnd that he must abandon his
idea of a private collection or else acquire it in somo othor way. And in
confirmation of his story thore in the
Journal window is the Phoenician statuette identified by the curator as tbe
property of tho Louvre.
In the window of tho Paris Journal
ofllco ia an ancient Phoenician statuette
bearing a painfully modern inscription
to the effect that it was stolen from
the Louvre on May 7. As it has beon
identified by the curator of the Louvre,
we are justified in believing the whole
of tho story told by tho polite nnd communicative thief, who regrets that out
of tho mauy articles taken by him from
the galleries this is tho only one that
ho is able to restore.
The Journal wishes it to be understood thut it is not propared to purchase
everything that has beon stolon from
the Louvre. It has neither the money
nor the storage space for such a purpose. - Its original offer was a reward
of $10,000 for the "Gioconda" and "no
questions asked." This offer produced
a letter from the thief of tho statuette,
who was willing to restore it at hiB
own price, and as the proprietors of the
Journal thought that it would make a
good object lesson they paid the money
and put the statuette in their window.
The unnamed and unknown thief says
that ho began to steal from the Louvre
in March, 1907. It was simplicity itself. It was so eaay as to be tame and
monotonous. It was like taking candy
from a baby. He made a good d«al of
money by it, and so paid a visit to
America. And on hla return he decided to atart a little museum of hia
own, being a man of aesthetic sensibilities. But to his consternation he
found that he had competitors. Most
of the accessible and portable objects
had already been taken, but nevertheless he acquired a female bust nearly
Among the many ancient buildinga
in Vienna which are last falling prey
to the modern builder iB ono of particular intorest to tbo medical faculty. It
ia aituatod in tho Woihburggaaae, in the
heart of the old city, and dates back to
the fourteenth century. It waa then
the Houso of tho Medical Faculty, and
in it took placo the first logal dissection of a human body in coutral Europe. Emperor Frederick hud decreed
for tho purposes of medical science a
human body might be cut open only
onco in flvo years. Au Italian physician, Gulearo of Padua, brought the art
of anatomy to Vienna, nnd porformed
the firat dissection in this huuso on
Fobruary 12th, 1404. Tho work continued eight days, and nftor it was ended all the participants joined in a high
mass for tbe soul of tho doparted.
Further dissections took place in the
fifteenth century, but only five in
Vienna, in the year 1418, 1444, 1452,
1455 and 1459. Until 1452 only male
bodies were allowed to be dissected. In
that year, at the urgent requeBt of the
faculty, a female body was permitted
to be dismembered. It happened in
May of that year that six women had
been condemned to death, and the burgomaster gavo the bo.dy of one of them
to the faculty. The dissection took
place on May 19 in the old house now
being torn down. Deacon Johannes
Zcller was the lecturer, and the prosecutor was the Surgeon-Master Jakobua.
Eighty yeara later the old faculty house
passed into tho possession of the church.
The Famous ISdRfo Lamp
The Rayo Lamp is the best and mosi serviceable lamp you can find
(or any part of your home.
It ia in use in millions of families. Its strong white light has made
it famous.   And it never flickers.
In tbe dining-room or the parlor the Rayo gives just the light that is mott effective. It is a becoming lamp—in itself and to you. Just the lamp, too, for bedroom
or library, where a clear, steady light it needed.
The Rayo ia made of solid trail, nickel-plated: alio in numerous cither ityles and
finishes. Easily lighted without removing shade or chimney; easy to clean andrewick.
Alk roar dealer te dww you m —»d Rayo hags {or wilt lor deKripUn. circular lo ur aaeacy of
The Imperial (Ml Company, Limited
Headaches — nausea — Indigestion—muddy complexion—pimples—
bad breath—these ara some ef the effect* of constipation.   The mild, sensible,
reliable remedy If
.  They contain the latest
„, dlaoovared and best evacuant known, which
empties the towels without the slightest diaoemfort and without disturbing tho real sf the system. Constantly Increased doses are not necessary.
XScokoi.  !l your dniittat haa not rot Block*! thom, aend Me. aad M«tH mall thaa. *•
HaMo«aH>r»t«*'<*o*halC—»«.yal&»Ua.ltollal. " ——•
Owing to so much unfavorable weather, many fanners ovor Wostorn
Canada havo gathorod at least part of their crop touched by frost or
otherwise weather damaged. However, through the lurge shortage in
corn, oats, barley, fodder, potatoes and vegetables, by the unusual heat
nnd drought of last summer in tho United States, Eastern Canada nnd
Western Europe, there is going to bc n steady domand at good prices
for nil tho grain Wostorn Canada has raised, no mutter what its quality
may bo.
So much variety in quality makes it impossible for those loss experienced to judge the full value that should be obtained for such -grain,
therefore the farmer nover stood moro in nocd of the servi.es of tho
experienced and reliable grain commission mnn to act for him, in the
looking after and selling of his gruin, thnn he does this season.
Farmers, yOu will theroforo do well for yourselves not to nccopt
street or track prices, but to ship your grain by carload direct to Fort
William or Port Arthur, to bo handled by ub in n way that will get
for you all there is in it. Wo mnko liberal advances when desirod, on
receipt of shipping bills for enrs shipped. Wo novor buy your grain on
our own nccount, but act ns your agents in selling it to the host advantage for your account, and we do so on a fixed commission of lc per
Wc have mndo a specialty of this work for many years, and aro
well known ovor Western Canada for our cxporionce In tho grain trndo,
reliability, careful attention to our customers' interests, and promptness
in making settlements.
Wo invito farmers who havo not yet employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions nnd market information, and in regard to our
stnnding in tho Winnipeg Grain Trodo, and our financial position, we
beg to refer you to the Union Bank of Canada, nnd nny of its branches,
nlso to thc commercial agencies of Brndstrects and H. G. Dun & Co.
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg
112 Tiik KL\\%T^ft, etJMIitl'ntAtfb,
*\ Cumberland '
I \
1   2
5 llvlw Some
Five acres at (lie price usually paid for atown lot, within oun mile of Cumberland.
Price from $325 to $500 per block of Five Acres.
Small Cash Payment and Balance on EASY TERMS
m%& Hairdji Courtenay
dealer; in
Silkwear of all kinds, Dry
Goods, Groceries,Hardware.
10 per cent, off for first ten days.
Store at Chinatown.    GOODS SOLD CASH ONLY.
Having H'Id my l-icyclo business,
nil liutiflinits ilur must he pnitl to me.
Those having accounts will render
same to uie,
K C. Emdh,
Are Worthy of
Ask Your
Weltuve offered Previously
McPhee & Morrison
Courtenay B. ©.
DAVIS & WHELAN,    Props.
a . 18
<l. A. Fletcher Musie Cu. of Nun-
ail-in havenow engaged thoir own private
Puner tvhuae work will b.i sir ciy ruaran-
t.til liy lle linn, until hey adviaecUBl lllll-
i'' ere mul frieuda In un ify tliu Iiim whim
■ tuning ur    repairing   i»   needed.   Thr
rnner will I.- in (.'u . hu lun I    tj ily    ii
N">i in hi i li.-i   ii,. j  11- lun „,
I \i. I mum »h .ml   will   lm promptly
I nl led I".    G. A. Pletehut Mu»io. 0..
|The Solo Agenta f„r Our I lleinlsdmiiti
Pi laaiul Uoluiohiii nu   EJUuu Pnuiiu.
^n pliH mnl Ruourda.
COMOX   LAND Iils:|||(JT
Diatrict of Ciin x.
TAKK  notice tlml  I,  .lumen Snick-
lund B.tviiia of Cmuox  Diatrict,  uceiipi-
noo rancher, iu'euda iii   npply   fnr pi r-
miaaion in i >uu t Iio fnllnwiug deaoribod
nil; - C •ilillK-uclllg rtl tl pns   |jli.oltiil   HI
ho aouth'Weat corner clnso to a poat
nnrlieil .1. R. JI., N E, C. and being
ilie N. W. C. .f Lot )L>!), Oomox Dm-
uict, thenoosouth*eaaterly twenty.aeven
cliaiia following thn ahore lino, thence
uorth-enatorly.   fnr   lho   chaina,  thenct
orth-weatorly    twoiity-aevou     ehuina,
thence uouth-weaterly for five chaina  to
ooinnteiiceiiient  and  containing  seven-
'n. n acres innro ur loan
Dated Oc'. ber lOlll, Kill
:-i_-^i_-_:±iVi_l\ I
Dr 11. E, Km, dentin   will  ho  in
ii.nl.i'r!:i!iil on aiiij nt'ii i    November
LOST—Between H, (limit's garage,
mnl Company's farm, lints* cover fur
tup nt Radiator, Finder will confer
favor by returning same to this ullico.
Mrs. Siiiniis will givo pianoforte les-
sons at lier linusn any time by appoint
ment except Tuesdays. Address (Jam.)-
Cunil ..•hind. I?up.la prepared for the
Royal dllugoof Music
FOR SALK 7 room house, IJ lot.
Km- terms apply to Mrs Elh.ii Oriel'
Pondrith Avenue Cuinherland B. C.
hi. D. I'.. Kerr, dentist will visit
Union Buy Oct. 2'tli to ,8th; Comox
Oot, I'Otb In Nnv. 'Jliil.Culirtnliay Nov,
Stall In lOlli; Cumin', lund 10th to Soth.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue musl
be in thisjnflioe not later tliu.11
10 a. in. on Thursday.
FOR SALE-The Cumberland Cafe.
Fur particulars apply at tho Cafo.
FOR SALE—Three buaineaa premiaea
in good loo .tion un Duiianiiilr Aveuuo.
bur particular* apply Mrs. A. .Junca.
FOR SALE-Singer Needles and Oil
.it the Island mi Olliee.
The Hie, Store for up-tu date millinery
A very Wrjiu anil handsome allowing a
the omul moderate prices.
Link out fur the Grand Masquerade
, Rail tube given by the Courtenay Basket
liall Lucial Club ili the Cuurtenay Opera
lluuaeon Thursday December 28th. Big
l'i ine Liat.    Get buay girla,
FOH SALE—Forty hives at bees
will sell cheap. Apply to Ed Creech,
Courtenay, B. t'.
*S 'i
U.;.       ..:■ I.
Nnl ice ia hereby given that, the reaerve
existing by reason ofjthe notice pnbliahe I
in lho Britiah Columbia Gazette of the
li7th December 1!)(>7. covering a parcel of
iaiul situated oil Redunda Ialand, formerly held under Timber License No. 44(H:t,
which haa lapaed, ia cancelled, and tin.
said lm ds will lie opon to location after
midnight, on the Hth December 1011.
Deputy Miuistei ol Land.
Department of Lands, Victoria, B. O.
September 12th, 1911.
sep23 dei'211
OEALED TENDERS supe scribe I
^ "Tender for School-house tieadquar
tcts," will bo received by the Honourable
Minister i f l'ublic Works up tn 12
o'cl ck iiuuii of Weuiusiliiy, lhe 18th day
of December, 1911, fur the erection ami
completion of a lame one-room frame
school-!!' use at hoadquaiters, in tho Co
mux Electoral Di trict, B. C.
l'laoa, specifications, cuntract, and
fnrnis of tend, r in y bo Been on and sfter
the22nd day of November, 1911, at (I e
offices uf A M. Hilton, Kip, Secnta y
of the Siibnul !'"'■ i"1. HeiUpuartera, via
Cnui'-x, B.O, ilie Government Agent,
Ciiniborl.ii.l II. C , and n- D.ipartmon'
uf Public \V ika, Parliament |5uildttigs
E ch propnsnl must be accompanied 'm
an accepted bank ohiquu or eertiticaio nl
deposit no a eli'irleied bank uf Canail.i
made ptyable to the Ho . the Miniat-1
of Public works, fur the amii of (250,
which ah dl be forfolted if the party lend-
erlng deolint tu enter intn oontraotwbeu
culled upou tu tin au, or if he fail to colli'
piuto the work ootitriio ul for. Tin
cheques nr corttlloatea nf deposit uf uuaue
oeasfull tenders will bu returned to them
upun the exeoutlon uf the cuntract.
Tenders will tint be eunaiderud utileaa
made out on the furina aupplied, aiunetl
with Ihu actual aignature uf ihe tenderer,
and enolosed in the euvelupea furnished
Thelnwest ur anytunder not necessarily
l'ublic Works Engineer.
Public Wurks Department,
Victnria, B. C.,N,ven,b'r 2ft', 1011
unv28 de 13
dn, Itu ftiiru to order yuur wivldm   inv
ntioi.M    t. 'I'm: Isi.ani'Kh >>''<;     •>< ■
at this uilio.
Wall paper
Etc., etc.
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
n. ° $40.
just  arrived
The   BEST  Machine   on  the  Market
and sold on EASY TERMS   	
IEP30N BR03., Distriot Agents, Nanaimo, B. C.
C. Seyrare, Loeal Rejirasenltitive, Cumberland, H. $
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
Droits Issued tn nny currency, payable all over the world
highest current rates allowed on deposits of $1 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branuh—   —   —     OPEN DA!'"
D. M. Morrison,  Manager
Wm. H. Hoff,   Manager.
Those Piiiiius give satisfaction in tone mul touch mul are built »r.
last a lifetime.
We carry the Victor Gramophone & VictroW
and Victor Records.    Call and hear the latest noveay,
The Victor Puzzle Record Price $i Uj
"hurch St., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank oi
Nut in mnny yoara Imve wnaliunniuoh
vnrii-iy iiuurituutit uf Full Suiting*, In-
I'lutliltg nil lllu nuw oulur tfliiota in tho
pliilii mnl fniiry Cliivi,.t», Woratodi
Soutolt mul IrinliTwoeda, Blue and Blaok
S.-ii<ia, C.nsiinori'H mul Dlnguiiiiln.Nearly
■fUU ili.iui.s tu aoleot from, Onme iu and
iilBiieuro nu*. Thin ia the tiinu to make
Sole \genta for Hit-   lluun'of llubberlin
Limited (J.imtiui a Lur^eat Tailora


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