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BC Historical Newspapers

The Islander Aug 19, 1911

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About 100 yds Val. Laces
and Insertions, reg, Bc. to
10c. per yd. to clear at S
yds for Bc. -Embroideries
and Insertions 10c. yd. at
Campbell Bros.
A few Boys' Wash Suits,
Children's Pinafores and
adies White Canvas
b/toes left. All reduced to
i lear at
at Campbell Bros.
No. 64
Denman Island Soene
of Two Pretty
At three o'clock Friday afternoon,
August llth, the home of Mr. aud
Mm. Robert Swan wan the scene of a
very pretty double wedding, when
Reverend William Kidd of UnionBay
Presbyterian Church, united in marriage Mr, Williert Fulton and Miss
IzaSwan, belli of thia place; alio Mr.
Archibald 0. Ciirinichael of Victoria,
H. C. and Miss Mulvina Swan, young
est daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Neatly gowned and with smiling
faces, the brides who were gives away
by their father, took their respective
places, and in tones distinctly audible
repeated the solemn marriage vows.
Mr. Fulion wae supported by Percy
Siniih, while Mrs. Fulton was attend-
ed by, Miss W. Anderson. Robert
Swan jr., acted us best man for Mr.
Ciumichae!, while Miss Alma Graham
performed the honorable duties nf
bridt'imi'iil for Mrs. Carinichnel.
After the ceremony Mr. Tait, the
genial preaident of the Denman Island
Stone Company, took the happy
couples for a joy-ride in his auto,
which tliey declared they enjoyed immensely. After thoir return a very
dainty wedding luncheon waa served.
The young couple were tho recipient of several beautiful piesents.
Iu the evening a reception in honor
or the bridal party was given in the
hall. A large number of young people were present, and participated in
the general rejoicing, the dance continuing until the early hours of morning-    .
Music for the occasion was provided by Mr. 1'eicy Smith mid Misa
Maude .Mel loimlil, both of Comox,
On Saturday evening tho britlal par
ty left by S. 8. Joan for Vancouver,
where they will spend a few days, after which they will go to Victoria,
where Mr. and .Mrs, Caruiichael will
reside. Mr: and Mrn. Fulton will return tu Denman Island and will take
up their residence here,
We all join in wishing the newly
wed a lvng, happy and prosperous me-
lied life.
Mr. James Corrigal lias moved into
his new residence bn the hill near the
Miss Hardy of Victoria, a former
teacher in the public school here, came
down on the Joan and will be tbe
guest of Mrs. James Graham, st the
Dt'iiinat! Island Grocery Store.
Mr Robt. Swan sr,, left on Saturday evening for Calgary, where he
will visit his son James iu that city.
Tuesday night
Thursday night
Saturday night
Sunday, per Cowichan 9 a.ni.
Wednesday—6,00 a.m.
Friday—6.00 a.m.
8a'u:day—4.ID p.m.
Sunday, 2.15 p.m. sharp
There will bo a grand football
match played on the old grounds
to-morrow evening at 6 30. The match
will be a b neflt one, in aid of Robert
Rodger, who, owing to HI health is
compelled to leave Cumberland. A
collection will be alien np.     .
I   noirina™
Conservatives  Choose
Clement As Standard Bearer
Tht Conservative nomination wai
held at Nanaimo on Wednesday last,
with a large attendance of delegates
from all points of the distriot. Premier McBride and Dr. Yonng attended. Alter all preliminaries were arranged tha voting upon thi eaadi
dates took place.
It was generally suppposed tliat tha
choice wonld lie bet wean Mr. Newton
of Prince Ropeit, and T. K. Bate, Af
tiiif citJ. *«d both of tbese names
were brought before the convention;
but a surprise was sprung when Mr.
Clement was nominated by the delegates from Alberni.
On the flnt two ballots the three
men ran neck and neck, but on the
thin) ballot Mr. Clement succeeded in
getting a majority of the votes, and on
motion most gracefully put by Mr.
Bate, the nomination was made unanimous.
Mr. Clement, is a yoeng man and a
talented speaker, and was formerly the
representative for West Kent, in the
Dominion House, and will withoat
doubt prove an exceedingly able candidate.
Mr. Burd of Alherni, was also proposed for nomination, but declined to
let his name le go Mora the eonvea-
tion. He, however, delivered a most
able address that was second only to
the splendid speech whioh was deliver-
by the Honorable Richard McBride.
I   Correspondence.
Editor, Thi Islmdir
Sir:—Everyone should get all the
credit that is honestly due to them,
tbat being so, it is quite a ploaaure to
congratulate the City Council aud the
Mayor upon the great improvement
tbat is effected on onr streets by taking out tbe rocks aud Ailing up tke
hollows that have been so great annoyance to all tbat drive along the
streets, to say nothing of the wear and
tear to the vehicles thanks are' also
due to their man for the workmanlike
manner in which it ia done, as well as
for the steady persistent stroke he
keeps np all day.
Now sir, if our Council will only
rise to a sense of their duties to the
City by lessoning tbe number of dogs
that are in evidence, aad as you recent
■y drew attention, disturb our slumbers, by seeing tbat everyone pays tb*
tax or ia destroyed, for according tu
last year's returns not mure tban one
third wee collected.
Then there is the pound by-law a-
to which there is uot the slightest attempt to carry out so far, if any evidence ia required as to horses Mill running round, just tske a look at the
sidewalk as you go up to the hospital
and you will onme to the conclusion
that they are stabled there, as the fa-
ther of the recent by-law must know
walking up and down daily.
1 As to the cows, the other morning
MBIT, one had just finished off thi
City Clerk's hollyhocks and was he
ginning to attack his daliahs when a
kind hearted soul turned her out; bad
she been allowed half an hour to roam
round that garden we might then have
hod his entire sympathy to help to put
the by-law in force.
It is said that the readiest way to
get railway reforms is for a director to
be killed; on that principle may we
hope that a few cows will get into
Mayor's and some of the Aldermen's
gardens, unless the; carry out their
Cumberland Wins
From Ladysmith
last Sunday morning alter a tedious journry from Ladysmith on the
boat, the Ladysmith Baseball Team
tried to give an exhibition of.the great
summer game
The local team were never ia any
dangor of losing tbe game
to Ladysmith, as they flayed bitter ball in every department,
Balding, base running and hitting.
The veteran Stant did the twisting
for the locals and was master of the
situation at all times, while Kerr for
Ladysmith was hit rather freely, while
the support accorded Stent wae almost
perfect; there being only one or two
errors and they were excusable, being
very hard chanet".
The teams lined up aa follows:—,
. Cumberland.
Raines.'.  '.. ......Catcher
Stant Pitcher
Abrams First Baas
Taylor ,..Second Base
Stanley Short Stop
Watkini ....Third Base
Richardson Right Field
Chambers Centre Field
Clarke Left Field
Simms.. Catcher
A.Kerr Pitcher
Morrison First Base
M.Kerr.......   SrcomlBa.se
Simpson Short Stop
Delmont Third Base
Metre.. Right Field
Ryan... Centre Field
Baity... Left Field
Umpire Freeman
Subscription price #1.50 per year
James Walters, of the New England Hotel, met witb a serious accident
•o his hand oa Tuesday laat. He was
pulling the cork out of a bottle when
the bottle burst) his band going with
full force on to the broken part and
making a nasty gash accroes the palm
of his hand and also cutting several ut
the veins on the baek, with the result
that the doctor had to insert five stitches to the severed parts. "Jimmy"
aays he will be more careful next time
lie is pulling a cork.
Miu Hannah Cunliffe left on last
Wednesday morning's boat for Van
couver where she secured a position.
Through an oversight ws omitted u
thank the CuaMriead Sand who so
kindly turned out at the funeral uf oui
lata brother sad rehired sueh approprl
ata aad impressive mmk; wi aow take
the opportunity of thanking thi Band
for their sxtrsiss Madam,
McKit Faun*.
WANTBD—Boy to Isarn tbi printing
trade; must bl smart, tak* an interest in
his work, and maki hius.lt generally
useful Quod opportunity for the right
mt. Apply st ths office of Tbe IsUNPia
Piausnna OommKY, Cumberland.
All subscriptions dm Tu Isukpix
an payable at this office.
Niw Fit-Biti Clothing for mm and
boys. Children's nin leraey Suits flue
cashmere knit at H per suit, just open-
id up at Campbell Bros.
Conrtenay Wins  An
other From Union
Last San li.y at Courtenav, the Cour
tenay Ball Team took the Union Bays
down a notch in the struggle for the
championship of the Comox District.
Clark's trained athletes were all up
to aee Cumberland trio Ladysmith,
and some helped to do the trimming
and were rather tired for the afternoon game.
The Bays were in the lead until the
last inning, when by a grand rally
Courtenay scored out one run to the
good. Taking all in all it was by far
the best game played in th« loc.,1
league this season, and great credit is
due Captain Clark of the Bay Club
for keeping his team in the lead as long
as he did.
Ths game ended with the soore as
follows:— F
Courtenay 7
Union Bay 6   .,
The batteries were, Bays—Baylo
Higgins  and   Clark.      Courtenay—
Thomas, Erickson and Ryan.
Umpire ....Freeman
Mrs. Angelina Napolitann, recently
reprieved from death sentence for the
murder of her husband, cave birth a
few days ago to a robust baby girl in tin
jail hospital at Sault Ste. Marie. The
children's Aid Society will take care of
the child. In case the woman, whose
pardon hundreds of thousands memorial
itad the Government at Ottawa, is later
Nt free, her child will bs returned to
own laws and regulations, also see thai
their scavenger attends to his depart,
ment weekly tbis hot weather,
The cttise ,s are commencing to realize
that Cumberland haa some ball team at
the present, and as tbe club intend making a tour the 1st of September, it is up
to the publio to give the boys all the sup
port they can. All members of the Pil
saner team are requested to meet in this
office on Sunday morning at 10.30 sharp!
Miss Edna Geary, of Union Bay, paid
Cumberland a visit this week, and dur
lag hsr stay she was the guest of Misr
Gladys Lewis.
Miss Gladys Lewis, who haa been visiting hsr sister, Mrs. John Hill, at Un
in Bay for tha past month, returned
home last Saturday.
MIm Bertha Ivans, who waa recently
employed in tin Cumberland Cafe, lef
by Iut Widnssday's boat for Vancuv r
in which city she will reside in future.
We ara Indebted to "Wingey" for a
pretty glass candy dish, without the	
Things are pretty quilt In town these
days but if a match is pulled off thtt has
bun promised for some time things will
bs stirring. Ths football man want to
play thi lacrosse boys a game nf football
and tbey will play a return game of lacrosse. Ths only stipulations the lacrosse boys make, is that ths kickers
play in their bare feet The kicke •
want to play ths lacrosse game in tho
If you wish to mako your piano or
furniture appear just like new, try a
lioltle of Boyle's Piano and Furniture
Polish. It is an exceptionally good
polish and you will not use any other
after having tried it once. It is put
in 75c anil $1.25 bottles—For sale by
Chas. Segrave, office of Tun Islander
Personal  And    Other
Locals of Daily
Mr. Wm. Cessford left hy Wednesdays
outgoing boat bound for Vancouver
where he will spend a week sight-seeing.
See G. H. Aston for "Big Bsn" Alarm
Clocks. '
Mr. Albert Oaieford, brother of Mr
R bcrt Cessford, of this city, left for
Venoouvsr by Wednesday's boat.
Patent Leather and Elaatic Belts, Dutch
Collars, Veils, Motor Scarfs, and Dress
Trimmings, at CauBiu Bnoe.
Mrs. Simma will resume giving piano
fuie lesions 8ept., 4th, any time by up
pointment except Tuesdays.
FOUND—A brown coat on lhe diamond drill road that goes to Bayne
Sound River Tlm c at contains a pipi
tobacco pouch and cigarette case. Own
er can have same by paying for adver
tiaeinent and proving property. Appi)
Vendome Hotel, Cumberland.
Mrs. Frank .Bradloy, wife of Mr.
Frank Bradley of this city left by We -
n idiy morning's boat on a visit to Vic
tnia and Vancouver. She aai ace'in
pauied by her daughter and son, Bitlia
and Tom.
WANTED—Holders of acroago, laud
m vicinity of Victoria, Oak Bay oi
S .aoioli district. Muat bo close iu. Apply t-iti 787 Victoria, B. C.
If the same party who put Barney
Farmer's horse in .the Pound a few
nights ago, would see that his own cows
were in every night—as he did ses his
■wu ccwi were in on that particular
night—the doctor would be laved the
trouble of administering something to
make people sleep.
FOR SA^E—Telephone polls and cedar posts. Apply to Alex. Gray, Cumberland.
FOR SALE-The Cumberland Cafe.
For particulars apply at the Cafe.
Mr. Noel McFarlane, representing the
Nanaimo Realty Company, is paying the'
oity a business visit.
FOR SALE-20 ft. motor Isunch, 6:7
horse power, two cylinder Fairbanks
Morse engine, guaranteed in good shape
and practically new; alto boat houae.
Apply thu otlice.
Mr. D. Fuller, manager for the Singei
Sewing Machine Company for Vaneouvei
Island, with headquarters at Victoria,
i ui iu Cumberland and Diitrict thb
weak in the interests of his Company
Mr. Fuller reports biiiinwi good in ths
Capital City. He was accompanied by
Mr. Fred Jepnm of Nanaimo, who ii
diitrict agent for the above Company.
Wi notice tke UAion Jack adorns thr
roof of the Publio School.
"Alex" inakea an experi pressman.
Nn. (I bullwheel bearors were split
while hauling coal, at 0 a. in. on Tina
day laat. Owing to the delay snme of
the b iya have taken Advantage of the lay
If and bavi- gone up the lake on a fishing expedition, cllapo'roned by Tom Mc-
1) maid. Of omrse tho largest hah will
gel away.
Air. H. C. Evans will remain just
a little lunger. lln certainly is there
with the goods; his ability as an expert workman cn pianos anl pluye
pianos is certainly astonishing, Do
not forget him, A word to the wise
is kuflicicnt.
What Ib Doing In Local Sporting
J. 8. Bannerman starts training
next week fir the B. C. Championship
especially the mile.
Arrangements are being made
whereby a Cumberland lacrosre team
will visit Nanaimo in September. It
would be the beat thing that eould
possibly be done for the game here;
as it would give the teams a chance to
see how they look against another
team; it alao would have the effect of
improving the stick handling and
smwing the boys how it ought to be
done. A 'Smoker" is going to be arranged to help defray expenses. The
team will be piokod from both trams
by a selection committee.
Swimming is a sport that a greater
interest should lie taken in than there
seems tn prevail in this district, with
the facilities that exist for water polo
ami swimming champions ought to be
liiile prevalent..
There is some talk of a regatta hang held on the luke Labor Day. lineal launchman have some very fine
orafl and a free for all handicap to
the top of the lake would cause quite
an ink-rest to be taken and might
pave the way for bigger thing! next
yi'iir, at leaat, it would be worth the
liiunchraen and water enthusiasts in
general trying even if it was a prixe-
li-ss iilluir; but I believe tbe hardware
men and engine agenta would donatf
prizes enough to make it worth while.
There is not a better launch or boat
racing course in this country both for
spectators and competitors than exist!
from Bare Rocks to Somerville's boat
house, or from White's Bay to the
same place and that after seeing Indian River, Lake Washington, Thousand Islands, St. Catherines, and even
tho Thames.
"Johnny get your hair eut" is the
slogan these hot days, and there nre
quite a few Jack Johnston heads a-
ound town.
Our friends will confer a favor by
taking to this olliee for publication
any items which they might consider
of local interest.
We take this opportunity of thanking
all the kind friends who aisistad ua aad
thi.se who took up a collection on payday to defray funatal ixpsnsss of our
lata brothsr, Ueorgi McKay.
McKay Famuv.
Charlie Sing Chung's niw cash store
will opsn up today Haturday, Aug.,
mth. The goods will bs wid at thi
lowest pricea, including silk goods of all
kinds.    Store at Chinatown.
FOR SALE-Three business premisw
in good location on Dunsmuir Avenue.
For particulars apply Mrs. A. Jones.
FOR SALE—Candy store and billiard
"in. For particulars apply W. Colpitis.
Dunsmuir Avenue.
Visiting cards at the Islander of.
Change advertisements for
Saturday mornings issue must
\ns in this office not later, than
10 a. m. on Thuraday. TIIK ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
Poker Jack'tClXredm
taking stock  o)
-.   Tin* reflection
Donnor Pfqti dc-1 thougb   meul
igh devotion the I own qualiflca
 jii'rj;.JjlUt'j-Tii.in SlUl stJWft^^w4owttr[>Ottt *ix feet lull of Uiit-wn -ami-tiiuuw;.
on~tl7e" white alkali roads, until tho'a large face, puffed a littlo, as though
..j»as.suh nf wiUie'ivd \cj^tiitimiholder-, from tho effect of habitual drains; tue
iug tin1 Uails r.nn;kl..'U_iii tlic .tioicii heat.! gray oyos, shrewd and humormin, but
-""Royoiii! thf tint in the green ut' tiie [capable or deadly inonoce In times of
fcimfeor flpimfa oCjlU8t.JUi5^ ty-Uui truo conflict. A miuilii of-rlean-living would
topffi jnarlqog tho path of squeaking| have transformed him into tho idoal
lujgjiiig trucks. Still higher, patches of: stage-horde!- Jioro.
Biiow^gleahieu on tin- peaks of the Sier- j    " I'll have to eut it out," he murmur-
ra Nevada range. Prom the sunbaked
"(»tiaiTrPO(Ttrr J? aSBrf^tbe haunts of fern,
'and spills of vivid green traced the
Ending*   of   fuaoiing   torrents.       The
.I'll, .shaking liis .head at   the   niin-ptpius^n, uir
Throwing himself, into a chair, Oat rap-,
tier scrutinized his   letters,     (tne, addressed in a beautiful flowing hand, ho
Mr ; ^ -    -  -
town baked aiul stewed in the August opened carefully. A faint suggestion
heat, and the business men—by courtesy I ,,.' perfume came from the tiny sheet,
—languidly eut and shuffled in thej Jie read it to the end with n rather per-
games around the tables. ; turbed face.
Built on three sides of a square, nine ."How ean she—how can shef.. Sho
saloons ami two general stores repre- (can't iiiuIorHtand. Who's too good for
seated tli« businetm activities. At tin
south end the majesty of govornmout
was typified by a low frame structure
bearing the sigu •M'ostollire & N"
tions." Called intii'being by the construction camps of the railroad, with
thc eompletioif o'T the Transcontinental
destiny   had    been   fulfilled,   but   the
■ saloons ami ''anl men still lingered, the
-latter vainly hoping for something to
revive the  faded glories nT the place;
On this morn lug, when the little narrow-gauge train pulled out from the do-
.■  pot, ,\ims wutclie.l it crawl-away until
it had become a blurred spo<:k on the
■ hnrr/niv. Then vlnsing the'.otHce, thc
• postniaslvr  walked slowly -aernss - tlic
.square to the Molmwk saloon. Tke town
appeared to W "sleeping ifi Uie sultry
...anUJiui. ImjlOi As h« nonred tho entrance to tlic Mohawk a howl of pain,
followed by the sound of blows, brought
. ( the entire, population to the iloors.    -Mr.
• Xims with nntj'h agility s.tep|)ed to one
side, thus allowing the flying form of
Indian Pelt! to. aligh-t-iu the middle of
the road,  . I'ete. lay for a  mument as
"  Ihiiugh stunned, tlieh'rising u'us'teadily.
■■- T-afi  to-his-hortio,  mounted .hastily, nud
,j;ode away in a cloud of dti^t.
"There!'   1 guess no Higgef wiii kick
■ --« dog'of mine   'causer he went broke."
Mr. John  Ostrnuder,  the  proprietor of
the   Mohawk,   stood    in    the    doorway
growling his wrath, at Ihe same time
ififtijing f'arm,s>J1y„a''ier- tju.>- ileciug ride.-,
'" who was gflllbping rapidly towards the
— riverr   'Ilts large bloiul   iraco was red,
.   indignation clipTced him, ami (lie physical exertion of throwing the audacious
■Pete into the street  made   his   broad
,-chest heave like a smith's, bellows.
"Look  out   for  me  a    little,   Pokor
.lack, for 1 get even-with you." floated
baek   from   the   dust-enveloped   horseman.    Mopping his face with a  large
,.   "crimson-   handkerchief,     the     landlord
.walked.back into .llp> building.
'   ■   "What's   the'  Injun    locoed    about,
Poker." inquired Nuns-.
"I'll  show  him,"  responded Ost Hinder   irately.     "Kicked   my   fox-terrier
Vanso three  kings' don't  beat a full;
, ■ nn' he weat. broke on yio hand.."
"" It's   best   to   be   careful   with   them
* ■ kind,'1voker,''replied Nims. "They're
■ .treavh.eroijs- cattle." .  ■   ..    .
Ustni'uder, ' known     throughout    the
ft! monnhiin's as 1'oker Jack, ilrnv himself
. up. to  his   full   six  feet,   and, grinned
amiably at little .Nims. "There ain't
' iffl Indian hereabouts that 1 can't out*
. .shoot/or. gi\e r.nvtln an' spirdes at,any
o[d    ]*iud    of   scrap.     Have   another,
NlVii*.'''"■" '' ...
Ostrnndor's good humor was now tub
. Jy restored, «<j ho jncrely.laughed at the
postmaster's pessimist ic remarks. "1*11.
'talio cure of Irim, if he eomes nosing
-..■ro.inul this joint." .....
'For a few minutes loiiger the rattle.
'Of iMiips'nnd  low growled Oaths came
,,'from Uie"tubles.    Outside the heat increased as the sun mqunfod lo the zen-i
' Hli;'the beat   waves radiated  from the
sqti.in' as Erotil a bnke oven.    "<.,'ash in,
gents." groaned Xat, a sharp featured
gamekeeper."   "Ther' ain't  life enough
iu this game to keep uie from hunting
A low tap at the casement aroused
him from his roveries. "All right,
Niinsey," he sung out. "Come around
to-the sidfr-tioor. "*——••. —■—.
"It's going to ba> fclorm, Poktt,",
said Nims, entering. Vyco! look'at
that; that heat spell brotight it on."
As ho spoko a tdmrp Troit'.^f^llaiue yjg-
zngged across an indigo slsy;\he cwek-
ing report following tho" flash sliook
overy casement in the building.
"1 thought I'd better eome over nu"
Wll-yw.-4>lw-i-i^H>"V-iH-4ow*t mwHwHi- next-kip.	
"llo wdrt't hurt anything,'' replied
Hii sconced in the oflieo, Mr. Nims
looked Whtfully !tf-hi*-*'.empfiiiiMi before speaking. "I've hud undther proposal, Pokor; ono iu the innilJan'-a now
u the"'Budget.   The oho [n the mail
ii'e* sunny -disposition, is voxy,
amiabbv an' likes a quiet, domostix^
life. She is also a good housekeeper,
un<t wonld make a loving wife to tho
right man. The other lady weighs two
hundred pounds, plays tho organ, sacred
music only. She is of pleasing appear
ance, though not tall, aiul desires a
kind, loving husband of a seri'oim'turn
of mind. What dp you think of 'em,
.... ■,..'-..       . ..- i -
The. players, scattered at the ';lose of
the gailfO in a'general se'arcli for cool
. nooks iirtht! shadi: along fhe river. Mr,
NijitS and Pokor we.ro Jeft .alone iu Ihe
.ArohaVv1;.'' Ontniuder beckoned the "post-
mastef over to tho'liar. looking at him
in a quizzical manner, "Anv more letters tome, Nimsy.'"
Xiim*—H-ppemielrtM -wtth—:rn-expression
of Bheepish mystery ou his chubby face.
."Throe for vou aiul two for mo. Be-
slJos that, the'last issue of The .Matrimonial Budget has a lot of new mis in.
Reaches, by. tiie.ir photograplis, some of
'em is, I'll sluiw -Vm to you." Mr.
Nims' weak round foeo' beamed as ho
Imported his news.
"You'll natucnllv have the pick,
Poker/' no'COllUlMl, "f'flf I nin'j never licen considered liamlsome. Itut a
hnme, with .a.,lining, evugenial woman
in it is whal \'\v been wauling for
qulto a while back. <>nh- I don't nevor
have.no Imli.   Now there was tluit
Thrown Twice by Gotch in Chicago Recently
me.''. he muttered. . V ft
coining I nie afier years of hell."
Th'rowing'the other ' loiters ' aside, Os
trander closed the saloon, lucking tho
door behind him, and with a loug swinging stride headed down the river trail.
Nat, llie dealer, three woodsmen, and
a couple of bartenders oil' shift were lying iu the shade of a huge sugar pine.
The gambler swung by, heedless of the
greetings showered upon bim, and walked rapidly ou into the shade of the deep
woods. Turning to the right, he came
out to the river where it entered Hie
canon above the town. Par across lhe
mountain the yellow outline ef the
"viglit-of way" hugging the (dill's followed   the   convolutions  of   the   I'Yiiflie!
Kiver, whicli ran babbling over its potables of a thousand feet below the rond.
Tho iow murmurs of running waters
came softly, im the. Mill evening air. In
the tiiellow haze the canons gleamed in
color's of purple anil gold. The peace
and bounty of the scene calmed the
gambler's 'troubled mind. Leaning on
a moss grown b'g, he spteiitl the' tiny-
letter in   Pronl  id' Iiim and  read again;.
'-'■Dear .lack: . Uow *tr,auge- it seems
that I, who have never left my quiet
country home, should be engaged'to you,
who have been in thefar West so-many
years, l-.ven iu our school days I always liked you. though you we're older
than I. And Jiow cqubl. I. forget. Hie
hoy wbo saved me from drnwuinjf in lhe
old mill dnm. at thf risk of his own life.
Indeed, I nave o*'ten prayed for your
liuppiness aud prosperity. Who could
have foreseen that a chance copy of a.
matrimonial paper falling into my
hands should alive brought this happiness to me. Indeed, I never meant to
answer any of thoso horrid lettersfrom
strange men, but your name made im*
just long to know if it could lie my ohl
school days' friend. And oh! .lack, I
havo been . lonely si nm - mother -died.
Vou say you have money. I suppose
vou struck it rich iii a inine; most'peo-
ple do Out West, don't they? Yesterday- was my twenty-first birthday, and
your beautiful present .came in on Jhe
morning's Tiiait. How good of you to
remember all theft}, yenrs., God bless
von and bring von safe. home. With
jove, Maltie..'.'.
It was such a letter as a true-liearted
girl could write to lier lover, but surely
a strange one for the most; reckless
gambler of Donnor Flat'to receive. An.l
it slirred him mightily; everything good
in the man quickened to the inlluence
of a pure heart. It appeared to him as
a scroll from regions ujjl far removed
from heaven. "May all luck leave me
if t 4miit make her happy." Mr. 0,i-
trander confided this lainialije seiitiiuent-
lifl'j tO the trees and the whispering wind wt
e high. Why! j I10 uxDiug lo his fool.
in Fresno; Vlie'siiifet'l me aee mgn. wny: j )1C jmuipg i
• iiho UBOd'-U) ''-all mi*'' hor NUltfyf' quite     f|mj   niR|,(   ||H.   patrons   nf the
endearing bhe.    Her letters wasi nlunil-  lm\vk  found fresh cause to frond
"fiill of affecfioi-. allowing we'd drift I
.a punceful-Jm-\' ii .ogethriv But lo-rdv!
After I'd scjij .tier that thre'' hundred
dollars for a wedding trooVfc'o, an' tickets t.o roiue-to tne, I ain't never heard
id' her any more.''
The gambler grinned approclnlivelv
at Mr. Nitm?r*--<rrorr^Tjrmiglile1| hopes.
Reaching over the bnr he putted tho
litile-nmi onj ho.jihoubh.r. "<-'ket>r up,
"Nim'jy, you'll land one yet. Don't open
the paper", and "give mo the letters.
•We'll look, -Vm over tonight when all
. thc hoys hayp gpn? back tp camp. We'd
have a hell of a time it if got round
that \imsy and Pokor .Tack were advertising for wives."
. With this understanding, the post
fnn'ster crossed the squhfo to his olliee,
and for tho remainder of tlio evening
gazed tenderly at the features of ladies
wdio advertised for peaceful homes and
loving  husbands.
Oslrander watched thc postmaster until  no  disappeared   into  tlm  cubbyhole
' of an olHcf..    "Poor little Nimsy," ho
muttered.    "Sure, he ain't handsome,
but   he's   got   st ayi ng   q ua I i 1 ies,     A uy
woman   overlook'ing  the   homeliness   of
' the'eritter -would sure lie  loved to the
grave, and mourned till Nimsy cashed
in his last bet,   But gals ain't looking
for that kind of a paragon."
-     Being   now'    alone,     the     gambler
Straightened  up his  figure, and  gazed
earnestly into the large liar mirror, as
t  in
the action of the propriet-ir. 'Prompt
at twelve he ordered Nat to ctydi in the
chips, "'dicing time, genllemen,'' was
the   next   a ston ml iug   ut I'Ma nee.     This
transi derl the experience of the oldest
inhabit;.nl. There had never been siic'n
a thing as (dosing time in  Homier Flat.
"It ain't right,." murmured ono,
"when a man's"gffl money to buy chips
an' is willi n' to play."  ' ,,.'< ',. ' ,. .
"It seems like flying iu the face of
I'rovidence," said a littlo wizened pocket-miner,
.laid;?" nsked   N'ims,  concluding, -
lhe gambler shook his hiiii.l"retlec
lively, " Nt'W what makes an ohl,lio,a\'y-
wcigiit gal like that pine Tor the matrimonial bonds' t'd bet a stack of
blue (hips on the liist one, Nims. But
iton 't seur any money; wait till the
knot   i« lied  before loosening'1 up your
|il«>>'-' .■■■■■ '   '■■"   ■ nl
The piistjuaster smiled gratefully.
"I've answered already, but ('wanted
your advice "about itt for -you've done
a Iol fur me in this towli, I'oker. 1'ou
sec when a man's little an' peculiar
looking, hp,.dftU-.t.get no show. Au' I'm
blamed if a man don't get lo thinking
himself a fool, when all of his fellow-
citiz'ens get tii treating him tlmt way.
So when you. put. nje wise to.go-.fruth-
iug around the snuare, bramlisliiug two
big t2itits, an ' 'n ' sh'ouling ^MTi^We'^'on
nuvk t-aii-kill me, Imt \;oit,'\o-got1- to
show me,' the bluff worked, nn' I've
been one of the boys over since.''
"Vou had the nerve to inn.the blulV,
Nims. A good bluffer can make lum-
.snlf.f^^jKH'-ttNl-'iii-tn^v*kiiul of a game.
And uon; I'll introduce, you to Mrs,
-lack OstranderV* 'Ilio gambler waved
his hand-,ti>-the-photograph on the desk.
"This town, is .all. iii, Nims, and. I'm
going to close down tomorrow. Poker
.lack will stop on the train, and Air.
John Ostrnndor will arrive in New York
with a grip full of gilt-edged mining
stock, end a wd'^K on his hands. It's
been my dream, Nimsy, for years. I'm
going to cut this life out, and be ros-
peeied ftf a'g0(ld"neighborh6od; with the
best.gifl,- over. was fur ■ a. wife.''- .-The
gambler's face glowed as he sketcubA
out his'tutiire. "There will'lie's'chools,
and friends' .houses, and a.trip to the
theatre, once ii} a while. ..Maybe the
wife will hiivo to be driven' over to
church ou.Sundays, and I'll go into a
respectable business.''
•"'Snre;' you will' need" ghttil "SYft'rtoIs
fqr the children,.iuterpolaXed ^Ir..Niins.'
To Mr. Ostrauder's credit, and muclr
to his surprise, a slight blush mantled
"his.eager tucc.    .""• '" "
citizen, and would  stand hy a friend
to the last chip,    lie could have been
elected mayor of this town unanimous,
Appended below wore the signutuntS
of eight purveyorB\of stimulants, tlieir
respectmras$istains, and the two gen-
eral lhefijttaiuliso- ((eaJers, comprising
tbe whole population of Donnor Flat.
And the little nurrow-guago train bore
it   eastward   over   the   desert   on   the
11)08,   the   figuros  beiug  fcU9,0UO   and
$153^179 respectively,
Montreal, — Figures issued rceontly
hand of Alfre^^jHra^-^u^tltat-f^ valuo of
' WepeTty\in^lfbVtreal MA*mnts to $259,-
4^,234,. ngaiftst $2:14,922,751 in 1909.
Tbe valuo, of uropertv exempt from taxation tt.lM*M»l083. "TlWhestiuiated rov-
OjiiuC for:next-year is $6,000,000, whieh
will be supplemented by loans to $18,-
isaues already mude in London this
year were £123,200 four and a half per
■*ont. (3ity.-i.vaf tSt."'liOiu(*"b<>n"ds, issued
at 109 ]ier cent., and the Town of Mai
sonneuve iH^S^SOUfoW a\\fl "a lniTf per
cent, debenturesj issued at J 06 por cent.
The city liifs \)fai\_ enlarged since last
year by the addition of tho city of St.
- Itimr ttnnmretimportant of c'amUip'is, ffiu-h^oeume the Laurier Ward.
  ot. Lotus has a population uf over W,-
000, so thttt the citv of Montreal has
"AJJD TUWflb BUU'lWlUOrj""'
How Assessment, Building, aud Population Have Increased. V
TUl. information given below show3
" how* tho* TitOBt "'important of Can*
ilVla^B. cities, and towns have grown
during tlie^-ear JltyO. There could be,
no surer evidence of the general development of the Dominion thau tho faet
that thc centres of commerce, manufacture, and distribution show sucfi
-remarkable progrfctmr aud* general investors, as Well iis those wHoxako an
interest hi municipal ismies, may gain
uiuch-Vflbnibie~kifnwIedg(j.frnm the succeeding'facts and (igures:
Brandoii.—-lllnnding permits show the
steady growtJi ttf'"'this city. In 1008
they were !fi291,8G-l; in 1909, $138,885.
This year's assessment has not yet-
been made.
, Brockville.—The pojiulaUop i* 9,27o,
an inerca'seof 1*43 com pa fed with 1908.
The tytul assessme.ut.-i« $.4,438,520, .a, not
gain of $103-^60; "   •     "   •
"BelleViUec-^'flnrv piijijilat ion increased,
by 204 duri.ng.1909," und is now 10,012".
ThU totArusHVssm^nt.'hnft' b'Ceh'iil'creasod-
by $o9,8|jl.
' Brantford.—Tlio cify'fs 'population is'
20,7 lL,.-a.u.increase.of ,78'cvJnininnl with
1908, The total assessment is $13,810}*
30"), aii-increpse-o'f $380,009) ■ittrildiug.
returns: $488^85 in 10O9j $289,855 in
'M)0S. •"":      >s      t'fJta'VuJ      Ol
^Jalgary.—Tho assessnient pf the city.
is"as'foirowsrVaffu> of^ots'wit'hon't' Ithii
ilifts or otiier improvemenfs,' ^",7;"il,S(i;i
total viilu'o 'ef-reiH !WOjto*y/»i$B8,373
■llij; value of asse.ssaldu personal prtip-.-
erty.'^^TO.HOT': t'ofar ii^es'snient of
P\|ldh> school HlinppVtfirBj ,!i;2".t;.!9J-,J03';"
tidal'assessment of "separate schoid &upr]
Jwrte'Ftr, $3,-J,!7»,U2L';' total ■kiWeoi'a^Soss-
ment for all nurnoses, $30,842,025. fthtf
popifiat.ioti'w'f.tuteit hv lho-M{i'Voi"t6 lie
35,000. The building retjuns'for 1909
we're © Sli-foJ; "a " gain" ofl 8.1. |T per
emit, -compared..with.,.the-.,;$83.7.rltU), ttf
1908. Ttie four and tl half per cent,
didientuics are now quoted rinanontlwi at
100.104, giving a y\j.li of abuut l\\
per cent. '"■   ■
BrtmontonA--Thp nBiosstnout for the
year I MOD was $2fT,ODO,000. compafodi
with $3fijfi35,2.10. iji..l90.V'This year's
as^cssnient will, it is oxliOfttpdl show a
tint her incre'iise." The "city ]ias n borrowing jioWer of 20 pev 7-en't. of its aa-
sessmeut. tty\jks il has borrowed up to
date *l,22l,:.d:;, "so Tt's'tilJ has practically three times -thnt amoiiui left of
borrowing enpacity. T-lic population at
tho.begllli.iUft of the v.ear.wu.s 20.110",'
against ri.l34 in IDtflp* Tlie^niu of #1,-
.".oti.iKro is--to-b>f spent upou-I'lu* improve^
incut ..uf Jhe city's municipal,!;" owned
utilities.' ThecxpenditurV in -building
iu   1900 was*,42.129.105, compared  with
r#2t.')49,870 In imisi "v
IS iii
' Whv,
' bet'o
.pon,t>iiiiiedr "tlier^.'jj^aU
ife  before  me;  I*m  only twenty-five,
aiid »V'   The  gninl'der's- spee'eh  wa:;
never (Inished. The window ueiu1 which
the two men were sifting crashed in,
A large stone, passing over the postmaster's li ';ul, b'o'i.e.into-l'rag'uents tho
photograph on the desk. Leaping to the
door, Ostrnuder dashed into* the'square.
Xims heard 9 slM't ^ut In l\)V -<lark.
Theu alidther dazzling flf.ro of light,
lore across the tky." Oslmiider was
hanging to tho doorpost, with gun leveled, and at overy Hash o{ tlyj llgltfnifig
was liHiig ropootedly i't *?01lW object
lionmlitig au'iis-.' \ho s/jiu'rr. ■ TJicbui'd
ing inched with crashing thunder, and
Mieets of rain came pouring down as
darkness hid everything from view.
The gambler slaggered baek into Hie
room as Nims ran out wilh the light.
"The Injun'e got me, .Ximsy,J-' ho
groaned, sinking to the floor. "Listen!
Vou'11 find a paper in the desk willing
that bunch of stock to the girl. Semi it
lo her.    Telegraph .lier old aunt first.'-'.
"Xo. no! You're going to get over
thi-V ain't yon, .lack?" (pieriod- Xims
A smile flitted 'across tiie gambler's
palo laee, "It Was only a dream, "he
said faintly, "happiness like that ain't
for such as mo." 'Ho closed his eves
Rome of you men have wives, and  and died as tho.crowd came rushing in.
it's time you were going to camp.'
' flapping' nt this explanation, as
though they had not honrd aright, the
men tiled slowly out, and heard the locking of the door behind them.
Tho gambler extinguished the lights
of iho Mohawk, save tho one iu the
olliee. This apartment wns furnished
willi desk, chairs, and a sleeping lounge.
On the wall hung a solitary picture of
an old-fashioned farm house, By the
privileged few who had been admitted
to the sanctum, it was opined to be
Pokor'fl birthplace. On the desk in a
cabinet frame stood a portrait of a girl;
the pretty dark eyes had an appealing
look of shyness, and a wealth of soft
brown hair crowned a delicate face.
Ostrander paused, and looked lingering
ly nt lhe photogrnph, "The husband
(if that angel must bo 0 at might man iu
n straight business," ho murmured.
Solemn oaths of lym'hing were sworn
by excited, nilgry min. But it tfhs not
needed, for daylight.revuulcd/tko body
of Indian Pete, fnee downward on the
edge of tiie so|tfnre, A bullet under thc
shoulder blade.had .reached his heart,
and iie died as ho ran.
Little Nims. who hnd been wandering
nround wringing his hands in a dazed
stale, cheered■up'whon'-they found Pete.
".lack was game," ho said. "Jack
got him, after being wounded to-Ucath.
I'm proud T was his friend." Then he
hid himself in his little room in-the
post ofiicn nnd cried bitterly,
Ostrauder's bequest was forwarded
lo the girl with 11 note couclied in,the
following terms:
"Itespeeted Miss: We, tho-under--
signed population of Ponner Flat, sond
our sympathy in your beronvemeut,-Mr.
.lolm Ostrnndor was aie honored fellow-
667,000, ns compared witli $0,760.7
1908;    The-estimated "expendifiirc  for-
.the. venr-1910.. iw. $1,179,7-99 Building
rose from *l,79I,97o |n 1908 to $£.527?
000 tffVMO.'MvTng fit the great strides
whuh aro boing mnde-in-making the
city a wirthy. capital of the great. Do-
miiUeu.' 'The. four and a half per cent.
debentures. 1913, nro ipioted at 102-100.
Peterborough.—The population is 10.-
902. au increase of 410 over tluit Of
HniSi.mid-.Hnv total iwHessiileut'ls $8,-
S22J218. , Building permit?, issued during" t iin!) were for' *343,48.t, 'compared
'wi.h ,$£983)03 in' IftflSi -■'.'"' V       \   1
Port Arthur. —. Building, returns in
IflOfl were $584,510, Already the building expenditure mithotlv.Od'fOt- tht1 present vear is $0,709,000', which Juolndes
$1,200,000 for u drv dock. und.'$1,Q00.000
for a" hf.ilik.vll'ttMV'-    0        •" '
Pjcince Rupert.-—Xlm,.total. ashmeincnt
of the wlude of lhe I'rinee JJupert towu-
sif(>Vw'1liicir'bnl» just Tieeii 'completed, is
P<rftiVOUiatU.rr:T.bei4J0jrahtlif«i is n**'rf;!5J?3Wfift 9$ whhdi-MHO'.oOO is in
25(000, Building returns IhtIJDOO wove, J.,.i|,l""v'V,,,M!1*- - '-''''',.P'T.l,l;,fJ.011,. >V"" (1S"
*2.070.:i(in. as dOmtfiltM'WlVir'$1.560AS5  UmUted at 2,289.
in IDfi'S." The. asscssuiont for'ilt'itl wasr Bogina.—'lhe-potmlation of the city
*i9.U2.:iiU\„cy".pared wiihi $i.4,r»:io.ir»2 '*■ ilffljj^ft. ffi*Lm.M,% K'9 •v°:"'s
iii lObB.   ' i1""1 -•'t!,r' ™n ya&rh ago.    The assess:
OaltAThe assessment returns ihdw " ( is SHO.237,181, as compared with.
a total on-tho roll of ^773)308, an fn. $070,140 ton years ngo.   Th ty re-
en;ase of %i_1.S'.Z78.'• The population i '',M,lh' sold dobontums valued at $31$,-
is '9,4if;i, '.'in iuerense- of mi9 in theP00 for $322,394, making $8,794 on the
year, " ■ •■ - "i .-- -" •'-*nm^fn,^-f»--l4Tt«-^nrHtt*rn"-t,'rnwir'*t^uik.
'  JIalifax!—Jhe'fofaT "asso.ssuicrt    ij|TIw   bwHiUng   permits   immi, in   1909
$531^58, an increaseof *i;47ndver th^
total nwossment  of  lOOOr-Bnring  1009
tbe building return's were $ii!l0,:i89; (|Ur ^♦^^•'^wr^*^"**^^^-,^<*^rrs a
ing 190S. $838,725. t yield of about 4% per cent.
HamiltOU.-;-Jl'Uc..p«JkOui population  is]     St. John.—The balance of. citv assets
07,208. so lhat it has increased by 30l'| over  IiabililipT1s"-$'*«0?370;" '   There
500,000.   Of-this amount, $5,000,000 hfflT 'OflHl'8)200;UUU; tBC largest Tor the j.
already been issued, being taken up by
ttm-ttn-nk-of-Montrefrt for"£101 W OtlieV
way" and the strip of laud botween the
former town of Kast Toronto and 8cai
borough gives the city an additional
ama of 1,100 ucres and au addod popu
lation of 4,404. The totul assossmont,
of the suction known us the "Midway''
is $1,147,95*. and the assessment of the
strip on the east of the former East
Toronto $y.Vo,975, The ftiUdlttg pofwlts
'.BSiied during 1909 woro for tho value-
now ii plipnlntibn uf over 420,000 poople,
Permits given for building in 19011 wore
$7,78B,62l. compared with $5,002,220 in
1008, The Montreal four per cent,
Stirling. Cou, -Debenture stoek i»h quoted
on the London fljiehiingo at KT4-102;
which gives a yield of 8% per cent.
, MoosA^Jaw.Wl'ho-nopulatioil is now
nearly 111,000, as against 1,559 in 1901,
and the property assessment has grown
from'.$S90,0U0-iu 19J12 to.Ver $11,000,
000. Within 1909 over 17,900 settlers
registered at tho local laud olliees. During 1909 the building dono increased by
157 per cent, compared with 1908, the
-figures- being *1,1<>7jG00- and- iHsOflfi
respectively. Thc sum of $140,000 is
lo be s|H)iit' iVpoit-paviiig.*"A street rail
way service is tn be Installed by,!n\ Ot-
'W\vh tifht'.'whieli haR"'bcen given a
•twenty years' .franchise;.- '' ]
Ntlw Westminster.—The estimated as
sessnwiit.nf the ;c%^f6rm(H0i°jse$7-j:i
445,000, an increase of $£,000,OJ)0 in
advnfice'-of'tho-'flg.iro's for'1909.
Ottawa.—Owing, .tp tho, amwidnmntel
niade to the "Assepsment Act the total
assessment of Otta\va..thitf,-,yeiu.'ig'deSs
thnn of last year. The annunl report
of'-.tlre" -A'!*w*ssiiient"lK»pnrtmt7it "of ilio
kcit»gi\;o,s the f(dl(JWJng-liguri:!j:--,-;ijaud
Vffures; $20^037,095; ImUdiug a;nl im-
pmV'cu^u.fs'.'.$aO,428)8S^J busrncss' ju.;
sessmeut,, frVWJ.'b'i:!;,..income, |8l083,-
"£&; total taxable assessment, $on,l75;-'
'SHr'exem'iJted- frroporty,"" $20,709,'40Qv
■gr.Ujd l.otaJ,.i;,71'i.SS."i,2U.,Thc..asjjesHmeii|
for public school purposes is $43,098,085,
«ml for-sepaTiitG* BttbOOlSJ' ^l^^jlSli,
The total increase, dnring 1909 wus,$l.-
wer('-.f7t-1,-t"9,flgli*ilist-f'1?f'.0.jl' In 1DQ8,
"   per   cent,   debentures.   1023-38,
since 190«. Thi^
in fifteen ve
ease|\vere  $13LQQ0 .in   bonds   issued  during
hichhhe  year   1iM\   making" i'he  total   citv
"' ""''       '   haokeNschmidt
H Also Defeated by 6otcli
. .
■ • ■    ■■
• • .■   -,..
' I '
iH *ll,l!iu,.7K,'sllo\VK ;iti' iilcmlM",!!' (il,.
330,403, UuililiiiK rul.ai.us.alww ~i« in-
uroasc of M.lo nor L-ont'M being $l,i!-;i,-
HiO'litHlii:/ iBJllB|l,304,857 In [008.
Kamloops.—Building operations in
1000 wHUw«tlio.<ity.ttnd"it8 iinnu-dialc
sumtnn.|iiiLrs nniminted tp_.ft318,Q50l n.
voni'linreil with .fllli^'-'lltr in 1IIB8.
Kingston.—Thn'pti-snh't'|io/i'uldtin'n is
• 3.-1-1 $t083,7;i5. (Jyor ^S.'iO.OQO was ri'-
8olvW fn-ni'taxes— in all aver KD8.000
in i'xeess at' til . preeeiling year. •
. Sa»k»toon.-r(Juriiig...I0tiu....y«skatooii
reoonlej. the largest bnilulllg inerea 0,
with irn 'less thlm Tii7 J.er cent., tlio figures bolng M,0g2,lMS in Ulti'.l.ami ..US,-
1)25 In 1008. TJie. 0 por eenl. 1038 do-
hentiirei   litO   nefw   at' 100.101',   which
ol]4;?Ttl, nn racfortso of UitO lit ;tli(S yeur.
Tlaijatrease  in  taxnlilo .prQporty. was
.-•dlO.liila, ttinjiing t;!ie total uea'rly $8,-
aaii.niin.' -      -oi • ••■'   ■ .•.•"•■ '' •;
...Torouto.-Vl'he  latal nssi-Bsiiiont. this
\ear nnioniit's to .^70J)00,UOO. comparod
i   :.:■.tirin rpu.'in.
l»,V.a, a,slight iiicrraSe./av.oi-tlie-HlOS- givesmyielil 'nl nearly 4% per cent,
ligares.. The.assessment i* $3,!li'lli,:)4S—:    Stratfond... —;'. .The- latest apscsenicnt
an increase of Mtiii.iinii. Properly worth ' shows the population of the city to bo
$:t,-!0r),:i(ll! is exeinpl froro'taxnlnoi.'Tho1 ""'
building purmits.'issnetl iii;11«W 'ailio'iint-
ed to $170,000; in l!l»!i to $462,005.
Lethbridge.—Tho ""population of tho
oityis ll.lllt, hs eoiUpirreii' with'li,u2U
at the en-l of IMS-   -Tlic buUdlng por-   . ,      .
mita for Iiiiii) anioi'inleil' to $1$58$05,' willi' ^"J-.iinn.llOO in" 100(1. Tho" 17%
or $!)HO,H0ii auue tlian   in  1008.    TliiiJ-miU rate levied thiil yeaf produtra *4,
.builduig, returns   for, ,M)(l!)r $1,2^,215,    ""  "	
showed an 'increase of 2i().03 por cant,
computed with 'flnise'cif IBO'ft (*8fflljw9)i
Medicine Hat.—This town -has'-mnre
than doublod its populathin wJtliiii the
last live years, 1 tiie assessed propdr-
-ty-li*H-riwu.4ii-v»liw Irom tUttMt ia
IUOI to,$4,134,004. Tho building ex-
penditiirn last yen'r 'was hi ore" than
<loutilocl whea' rwiipnted with thstof
..'"      '
'Sa.dbo, ajjaias) the .1,107,0111) produced
by (hit'lSliS, mill'rat'e lii fmiO. it is c'sti-
ninted'itliKt IIhS city'n totill-rovehiic, in-
eluding recoliits from vyatjr rotes and
Iho street rallwaj-, will this year total
nearly $7,(lt)i>. mo, or-'#1,000,000 more
than 'last year. Tho, city.', nei-debt is
$20,040,31)7. and it's, BondWIJnSbt $35,
■O'V.IWS.i Tile pbp'Uhitioh' is 462;5l)7:"Tne'
.anae»iliou..by.the oity ofj^hje^Y-Mid-
,  i ■'  ■ ■■■   v»i       h'.l •    •■■   ' "''  ''■
n Canada, qpd aipqng the. biggest on
tne continent of America. The returns
iu Mills were $11,705,436. Tho city's t
]ier cent, sterling hnnds are uow quoted
nt I04.J0^, which gives a yield of
3 11-18.    '.   ...
Vancouver. — Thocity Council has
now decided to adopt whut is known
us the single tux system, in sn far us
it applied to tho taxing of building ini
proVomolrts' on real estate, so that this
year thoro will he ao tax levied on
biiildiugs. The assessment roll shows
nn aggregate return of #106,578,475, as
ngninst $78l581,321 at the close of 100S.
This represents au increase of valuation
of nearly .10 per cent, The valuation
on land is raised from $48,171,50,1 to
$70,027,720, or nearly 00 per cent, The
nclvunce is uuil'orm over ail purts of tin-
city',' "but the proportionate increase
is greatest iu the outlying districts
wliere development hns been rnpid dur
ing the Inst few years, On improve
ments the iuerense' is from $24,4(h),7.rli;
to $20,644,755, or nearly 25 por cent.
Building in 1008 amounted to $5,950,808
whicli sum rose to $7,258,565 in 1909.
The city '»■ 4 per cent, 1S47-9 nre quoted
at 103.101, which gives a yield of a.boal
'.V}a per cent.
' Victoria.—The population is -in.OOn.
•The assessment is about #32,000,0011.
against $28,880,400 In 1001). Buildine
during 10)1!) cost $1,073,120, an increase
of -17.01)' per .cent, comparod with the
$l>i:io,7-ll.l of Iflqs, The 4 per cent, do
bentares, lfl::::-.r,S, now stand at 102.100.
Westmount.—The increase in prop
crty valuations during the last yeai
has increased from $111,1)71,117) to $25,
•WI,W-V The population is 18,5005 '"•
increase tit 1,0001 during the year.
Wihdsor. — The nssessment for ths
yeur is $10,957,025, The total hind
values are ifl.llO.'l.noll, and the Wilding
values $0,082,825, The city's popula
tint! is giveii us lli,10li, an'increase of
ill);)..Uir ..the- year. Building returns:
.$I-':I,S85 in llhili; $30.7,780 ia 1908.
Winnipeg.—The assessment is at pres
eat ..being prepared by the Hoard of
Assessinci'.t. The uew'luw with regard
fo assessment for taxation purposes
comes- into ego'c.t this year, aad the
Board of Assessment ure required to
assess lund ul its full value, l'nder tin-
old law the laud has' been, generally
speaking, assessed at approximately 75
per cent, of its value. Under the ohl
system buildings were supposed to have
been assessed at their value, blit iu ac
tun! practice Ihe value of the buildings
was determined on u prorata basis. The
new law requires the assessment ol' Ilio
buildings at. two thirds of their value.
Hilling llllll) the snm of $9,22dj325 was
spent, in building, as cnmpnred will.
$5,518,700 ia 1908. The taxes which the
citizens of Winnipeg will be called
upon to pay this year are $3;538,054,
This sum is made up of $1,01!),951) gen
oral tuxes. #703,2S( local improvement
taxes, $206,253 business taxes, aad $1.
558 due, as school taxes of property
which is exempt from-the general rate.
Jl is-cvpecti-il tlmt nhoat $0,600,000 wil;
in- borrowed ia lnmdon. Of this amount
£500.000 I por cent. Consolidated Kogis
ren-d-Mneli, issued lit. 108 per cent., has
been, placed. The city's 4 per cent.-de
Dentures, 1913-30, stand un the London
Exohnurfld nt. 101199 sat) which glVoa a
yield pf 3 15 Hi per cent.
MAIiltlAOKS   of   minors   are   mnch
. more   frequent   in   iniuiug   aad
manufacturing  than   iu   agricultural districts.
The Australian Minister of Defense
has oO'ered $25,000 for the invention of
an etticient neroplnne by an Ai'istrnliun.
As recenlly as 1S37 forgery was punishable by death in England;
In the Knglish "Wnch Country"
there are thirty thousand wnste acres,
of which fourteen thousuud might bo
profitably nll'orested.
t'pnn experiments iu nerial naviga
tion for inilitury purposes, Frnlice siient
fc'i's.oflii; iieniinny, $l,te,055: Austria
Uniigiirv,"$27,50(1; and (irent Britain.
$20,850, in 3908.
A   resolution   advocating   the   fort
nightly washing ninl disinfecting of al!
mail  hags has beea passed  bv n conference nf Irish l'ost Olliee .clerks.
The I'niled States Weather Bureau is
making timm .i-menls for u perfect svs
toqi_ .of eummunicuting warnings ' of
coining storms lo all steamers at sea
titled with wireless apparatus.
Nearly three nud oneqnnrler million
tons of potatoes were raised in Ireland
Inst  yenr,
. .five, collections nf stamps huve reilli/.-
-d hn tigt-regaie total of $501,500 at. recent sales:
Blaekiuniliu a seriuus case may be
punished wilh penal servitude for' life
in  Ktighnil.
In most of the civilized couutrl-s of
llle world, except Ireland, Itnly, and
Biilyhim, lhe deathrntc is loweramoag
leauib-s than aitioae mules.
Tin- British House of ('ominous was
originated by Simon de Mnntfnrt. Karl
of  Leicester,' in  B.'5>\ to sli gtlieu his
own power ia opposition tn Henry 111.
The working power of an uble bodied
mnu is abniit one tenth that nf a horse.
Sho dwelt apart, ns one whom lovo pass
ed by,
Yet iu  her heart love glowed with
steadfast beam;
And as tho  moonlight on  n wintry
With paly radiance doth glorify
All barren things that ia its circle lie.
So, from within, love shed so fair is
About her, tluit it made .iter desert
A paradise,, ablnom immortally.
Somo rashly pitied her; hut, to atone,
If.one perchance gazed loug upon lie-
He grew to feel himself more strangely
lone-— ........ .     	
Bovo lent her look such amplitude of
-. grace;     '
Yet wlio that would hnve mnde that,
love his own
,\ugh(  worthv had   to   offor   in itB
..    place!  .
—Frmn " Byries of Life," by Florence
Jhirlo (lont.es. ■
■ ■  .   ■ ■   5    ■-,' " riv" '.."••   ■ 3 4
WHILE it may not be necessary to bestow quite us much
time and thought upon selecting the evening gowns
for Jie season's wardrobe, none the less is the subject
hi important one. To begin with, evening dress is far more
universally popular that it was some twenty years ago, and
the lew cut gown is now accepted ns tho correct model for
the evoning, for theatre and at home, us well ns for tho moro
formal dinner; nnd while there ure many different styles,
some waists being cut mueh lower than others they ure ull
on tho same Hues uud quite unlike the elaborate high neck
gowi intended for afternoon reception, card or gurdon party,
Wheu selecting the summer evening gowns thero should be
taken into consideration where the season is to be spout, for,
in spite of the extravagance of modern dress and tho really
absurdly elaborate clothes that are woru rto small informal
entortuiumentft, tlio instinctively (or cultivatedly) conservative woman of good tasto is most particular to hnvo hor
gowns appropriate to the occasion, Thoy may bo just us costly
Blue Voile de Soie Gown
—aro often more so—but. there is a most marked difference
between her gorgeous ball gowu and the gown intended for an
informal dinner in the height of summer. With such a
chtloe of materials it is not a very dillicult proposition this
summer to select gowns unlike those lliat have been popular
all winter. Chiffon, voile de soie and silk muslin aud the
finest of Ordinary muslin make up iuto the daintiest and
mwt attractive oil' evening gowns and are delightfully unlike
the heavier, more elaborate fashions of the last winter,
There is nothing so practical as the black evening gown;
in truth, oue of the great objections to it is that it is so, for
every woman possesses at least one, so that if aa informal
dinner is given the chances are greatly in favor of evory
woman being attired iu blaek.
There are many black materials this season that make up
effectively and also that combine well. Liberty sutin, Ince
and voile de soie ure charming together, while, as there is
no rule that commands there shall only bc all black, most
attractive combinalions of color aro introduced in the colored
lining or in the touch of color somewhere in the waist or in
the trimming. This is to he a summer for black und white
effects and the whito lining showing through the transparent
black voile de soie or laee shows off the thinner fabric to
perfection. Hands of satin or velvet ribbon are used effectively, as are folds of the niateriul, and in many of the
smartest gowns uo other trimming is required. Sometimes the
underskirt of satin is not entirely covered by tho overdress,
whieh is more like n tunic or overskirt. This is so decidedly
a contrast that it is objected to on the ground that it
euts the generally becoming lines, nnd a si-ant flounce of the
voile de soio or lace is preferred showing beneath the tunic;
but again this is a question for the individual taste to decide,
and consequently there arc not often two gowns mado alike,
tliwigh tho identical model may be chosen for several.
Tho simpler evening gowns all have a youthful, exagger-.
ated simple effect and are almost without exception far more
suitable for a young girl than for the older woman who insists
uptMi the same style. The skirt, made without a train, rather
full, gathered or in fine pleats, witli bands of ruching or ribbon mn through shirred bands of the material, if the finer
lace, and with occasional rosettes or bows of soft ribbon, has
for ull time been assigned to the debutante, aud when it is
■chosen by tho woman of mature years any sincerely conscientious dressmaker has a task almost beyond her power to turn
out. a gown that will aot be so inappropriate as to be fairly
hideous. f
Wore length to the skirt, only one band, if auy, aud but-
one rosette or bow just at the back of the shirt to hold buck
and to gether the material iuto the accepted width is one
way of solving lhe difficulty, for then the general effect is not
ho absurdly girlish. The full waist with simple trimming is
iiurder to adapt, but a more elaborate finish iu bertha of
fichu style works wonders, .lust as it is for a young gill, till)
modol in voile do sole or any transparent fabric is most
charming and becoming. If au absolutely simple dinner gowu
is M-lected there is nothing more attractive than one of chif
fon or voile de soie, made quite plain but with double sttlit
effect and a round fichu edged wilh narrow crystal fringe
Tnis is a good model for a color, wliite or blaek, and if a black
or white is chosen then a spray of artificial (lowers o
large rose and a bow of ribbon is tho only trimming needed
on the waist.
Included in every wardrobe there is or should be a more
elaborate evening gown, for there is always some occasion
during the summer season when formal dress is required.
Many women keep for this purpose the freshest of the last
winter's bull gowns, but when there is no need-to consider
the cost, the new gowu is ordered. Satin, always a satisfac-
tory material, is worn in summer, the softest, most graceful
quality. The close-fitting princess style, with the tunic of
net, lace or tulle, witli embroidery, is not extremely uew, but
it is generally becoming, and there nre many new designs
ami patterns for the tunic, so that the fashion is still popular.
Anothor of tho winter fashions that are agaia popular is the
skirt of satin with the upper part of the waist of chiffon,
either over a contrasting color (rf Ince and with sleeves of the
This is a smart model and most practical, made in black
liberty satin, with train skirt, the folds either caught together
at the side or baek with full rosette, or with the double skirted effect, the upper skirt pointed in front nnd made high nt
the waist, line, bnt in draped folds, not merely tho high
skirted effect. The white laco or colored chiffon, the black
voile do soie, plain or embroidered iu jet, crystal rhtnostonos,
gold or silver embroidery, is almost Invariably becoming
and effective, while if a more startling anil conspicuous efi'ect
is desired the pale pink or crenm white chiffon iu soft folds
is draped over the shoulders, having kimoiiulike sleeves. An
expensive cream lace over pule pink is also fashionnlde, but
while startliugly effective it (foes nil\ meet with so enthusiastic and universal approval with the plain blnck and seems
hotter suited to figured brocade in the liglit colorings.
rascinating, dainty aud most attractive aro tho chiffon,
voile de soie aud muslin gowns mude of the plain materials
with fancy borders. Tho doublo skirt stylo can easily bo
carried out ia those fabrics, while tho waist needs no other
trimming Jhnn is given by the border. Again, there is n
chance to work out most fascinating color schemes, for in
a blue1 ground with a border of pink Sowers the lining of the
gowu, of pink, will show the faintest glint of pink through
the blue aud give that transparent, cloudlike appearance that
is one of the fashions of this season. And the fashion ib practical also, for au old whito lining can bu utilized by veiling
it in inexpensive mousseline do soio ovor which is put thc
chiffon or voile de soio of another color, the mousseline do
soio used to veil tho white underskirt costing fur less than
would a new silk or satin lining, and in just those small do-
tails can the cost of a gown bo kept within possible limits.
An excellent investment in the wuy of evening gowns for
the summer is the pleated chiffon and laco in color, black or
white. Only the body of tho waist is liuod, and with a chiffon
or batiste lining, but the gown is worn over u princess slip
of liberty satin. With tJtfferont slips au entirely different
effect is obtained, and one gowu will do duty for severul. The
entro deux of laco is lighter aud shows bottor the color of the
lining thnn the bands of satin or velvet which are on some of
tho latest models, but both are in fashion and the choice
can bo governed by personal taste. Belts and girdles are of
much importance. Vor the newest evening gowns the soft
folded silk or satin belt, finished with flat double bow knot, is
decidedly new, and thero cuu bo a jewelled buckle.
Ono of the most glaringly obvious faults of a poor dressmaker is tho skirt that is shorter in front thnn in the back,
and it is a fault that grows worse all tbe time, uo that when
tho gown is new it is merely noticeable, but grows steadily
worse every time tlio gown is worn. To hung a skirt well Ts
certainly a most dillicult proposition, but nothing makes more
difference,in the nppearance of the costume. Often, in fact
almost always, the defect is caused by the front breadth not
being wide enough or not cut and fitted across tho front.
Another reason is because tho skirt is drawn back too tight
in order to gain the narrow ell'ect that the present fashion
A skirt can be extremely narrow if properly cut and
hung and if suflicient width'arouud the hips is provided. Iu
fact, it will look more than scant if it is drawn too much
from the front and In consequence thrown out of place. The
best tailors always speak of balancing tho coat, meaning that,
from the shoulders the lines hang straight and correct, und
the same also applies to tho skirt. For homo dressmaking
it pays to get a good fitting, good hanging muslin pattern auo i
then work after that, for more than half thc battle is won:
wheu this is secured.
BIRDS have different modes of (light, just as men have dif
ferent gaits In walking or running. Rapid log move
ment does not always imply speed in llight any more
than rapid leg movement implies speed in walking or running.
With us it is the length of tlio stride that tells ultimately.
What, apart from wing movement, tells iu the flight of the
bird is not known.
Speaking broadly, long-winged birds are strong and swift
fliers; short-winged birds are feeble in flight. When wo consider that a cumbrous, slow-moving bird liko the heron moves
its wings twice per second wheu in flight, it is evident that
many birds have a very rapid wing movement. A writer in
the Scotsman observes thnt most small birds have this rapid
wing movement; with feeble powers of   flight;   tho common
Does not contain Alum
NO baking powder that contains alum is fit to put
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The heart and nervous system are also affected by
alum, and it is pronounced unfit for any food by all
food experts.
MAGIC insures pure food
for your household. MAGIC
makes delicious, healthful
bread, biscuits and pastry.
You have the assurance that
your baking is sweet and
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a  medium
Made in Canada
-  ■ fftEft  •
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priced baking
powder and    ^^^^^^
the only well-known one
made in Canada that does.
NOT contain alum.
Full Pound Cans, 25c.
Insist upon MAGIC—Nothing is "just as good."
ITDFIT f itOkr   Rfi^"»Jv* ""/"tiMcnot reccWod n copy of Magic Cook Book, «.nd«.
i thit «lu*bU bnlo book wilt ko awlM ttee et dura*.
No. 385
1$.M$3li !■!■■■ P
Cerise Liberty Satin Gown
wren and the dipper, Tor instance, have a llight like that of a
young bird.
Many of our smaller migrants seem but to flit from bush
to bush or from tree to tree. Members of the thrush family
are low fliers, the blackbird in particular, with its hasty, hurried flight often just avoiding fences and uo more.
Wagtails have a beautiful undulating flighty with little
apparent use of their wings. They look like greyhounds
bounding through the air. Nearly all birds sail or flout occasionally without the slightest movement of tlieir wings, Evon
a large bird, like a pheasant, will glide in this way for more
than two hundred yards.
Grouse have a rapid wing motion without any great speed,
but when they sail, coming down with tne wind, as they prefer to do, they go very fast. Heforo alighting they flap' their
wings several times very rapidly, like the clapping of hands.
Most birds, after gliding, do this. Does it correspond, :is
with us, in puffing on the brakes or reversing the engine,'
With little apparenl use of its wings the wood-pigeon flies
very strongly and rapidly. If. never seems to "bring up"
much before'alighting, but crashes into a tree nt full speed.
When it rises its wings crack llko pistol-shots.
Ducks see strong on the wing und often .fly in single file,
("ieese will fly wedge or arrowhead shape, generally at a considerable height. So do many gulls and other sea-birds, iu a
stately, measured fnshioii, Iheir calls oeeusinnnllv sounding
like '"'Left, right, left, right.''
Kestrels have a beautiful, clean-cut, clipping moi ion of
their wings, and look like yachts sailing through the air,
while their hovering in Ihe air is one of the mvsteries of bird
SINCE William of Normandy devastated (according to some historians) or laid out (according to
otlmrs) that fair corner of Hnmpshire
Btill mislead ingly known as the "New
Forest" for the pleasures of tho chase,
the Knglishman has been notorious for
his love of the liorse. It is a pnssion
which diplomacy can not suppress or
warfare quench.
Diplomacy and warfare aro cited of
set purpose. In the ante-bellum period
in South Africa a characteristic and
hitherto unchronieled scene was enacted
at the famous Bloemfontein conference.
Tt wns a session when the question of
war or peace hung perilously in the bill-
nueo; a session notable for the adroit
fence and puny of Oom Paul and Sir
Alfred Milner. Suddenly tho tense proceedings were interrupted by the nr-
rival of a cable from Kngland. It waB
opened by Sir Alfred Milner's secretary, who read it, smiled, and then pnssed it along to another Knglish delegate.
His expression was not so cheerful, but
the next recipient and reader looked
radiant. Haul Kruger watched the
course of the cable around the table
with intense curiosity; he was convinced that it contained instructions of moment from Downing Street, whereas it
read thus: "Flving Fox has won the
Derby." !
Here is another episode: The scene
was the high seas, and transports were
passing to and from the seat of wnr in
South Africa. They changed their courses
to be near enough each othor for fhe
passengers to read blackboard messages,
and while the homewardbouud vessel^
displayed brief records of battles and
deaths, the outward-bound ships signaled the winner of tho latest horseraces.
And now has happened another proof
of the Englishman's ingrained love of
the horse and at] that it stands for—a
proof which shows that tho saddle nnd
the steeplechase keep nge at bay for
many a squire and lady, Each year one
of the ploasantest functions of the House
of Commons life is the recurrence of
the point-to-point races over tlio velvety grass course at (iardner's, not far
from the historic town of Epping, It
oue of those events, like thfl parliamentary golf competition, which abulia's party distinctions; Liberals and
Conservatives forget their political animosities under the transforming influence of the scarlet coat nnd the peaked
Card '*8 wns at its best on the April
morning which. brought round this
year's polnt-tO-pol.it contests; the grass
iu its fresh verdure and the swoel air
justified Browning's "It's good to be
iu England now that. April's there,"
And the meet was unusually large.
Among the onlookers were the Speaker
of the House of Commons, ns become a
Lowther and a huntsman; Lord llose-
bery, rolloved apparently to have so
congenial n respite tVom instructing his
fellow-peers how to reform themselves;
and several "grave and reverend" occupants of thc English bench. But the
centre of interest in that animated
gathering wns a popular member of
I'arliament, the Right Hon. .Tames Tom-
ki nson, whose sea riot coat i nd icated
that lie had entered for the contest of
the duy,
Tn fact, like a schoolboy whose vista
of life is closed in by the next holiday,
Mr. Touikinson hnd been talking of
nothing else for several weeks. "I'm
lit and healthy," he said to a friend in
ihe House of Commons n lew days ago,
"boeauso for fifty years I've been an
abstainer and non-smoker, I'm fond,"
he went on, "of all outdoor exercise,
but iny favorite sport has been hunting,
and during the half-century I'vo followed the hounds I've had many spills.
Hut nothing mure serious than a broken
collar-bone has befallen me." Ho intended, lie said, to ride the steeplechnse
at (Jardner's on his six-yeur-old mare,
May Dny, whom he had bred himself.
He was as good as his word. And no
wonder he nttractod attention. For all
his seventy years, Mr. Touikinson put
to shame many another horseman by
his straight figure and alert movements,
"He looks ns keen as mustard and as
hard as nails," was the glowing tribute
of oue bystander; while the horseman,
putting the glossy neck of Mny Day,
ejaculated, "A good mare, nnd likely to
So, indeed, it seemed. And so it ought
to have been. Mr. Tomkiuson had the
hunting strain iu his blood. His father
and two uncles were the heroes of the
Cheshire poet's quatrain:
Were my life to depend on the wager,
I know not whieh brother I'd back;
The Vicar, the Squire, or the Major; j
The purple, the pink, or the black.  |
feet in height and occupying some
eighteen feet of the circumference. This
was ascertained to have been due to a
fire that occurred in the year A.D. 1797.
When cut tiie tree had already occupied
itself for something over one hundred
years in its efforts to repair this injury,
its method being the ingrowing of the
new tissue from euch margin of the
great black wound. When tho tree was
eut the records of three other fires were
Briefly sum ilia rifted, the history of
this is about as follows: It began its
existence during the second century before the Christian era. During* the
flrst year of our era'it *\as about four
feet in diameter about the base. When
a little over five hundred years old,
about the year A.D. — 4;"», there occurred
a burning on its trunk three feot wide.
One hundred und five yoars were consumed in covering this wound with new
tissue. For something like 1,196 years
no further injuries were registered.
When, in A.D. 1441, the trk had attained tho age of 1,712 years there camo
a seeond big burn—in two long grooves,
—^^—-^^^^^——p— 0II°  !in,i   two   feet   wide,  respectively.
From   the  moment  the  race started  Each had its own system (tf ropair.
r. Tomkiuson's eonrse was  followed '    Then came 130 years of growth, including the time consumed by covering
the wounds.
During the year 1680, wheu the tree
was 1,681 years old, there occurred still
another fire, this time resulting in a
burn on the trunk two feet iu width.
Fifty-six years were required to cover
this with HOW tissue.
Two hundred und seventeen yenrs of
growth followed this burn.
The tree was 2,068 years old, when,
in 1707, it- was the victim of a tremendous fire, resulting in the great eighteen
foot wide scar. One hu mired and three
years, between 17SI7 and WOO, enabled
the tree tit reduce the exposed area of
the   burn   to   about   fourteen   feet   in
Tonr Druftfflut  win Tell Yon
Murine Eye Remedy Hflleves Sore Ky«,
Strengthen! Weak Eyes. Doesn't Hmart,
Boothet Eyo Pain, and Sella for 50c. Try
Murine In Tour Eyos and In Uaby'a
Eyei for Scaly Eyelids and Granulation.
Mr. Tomkiuson's course was followed
with absorbed interest. The pace was
unusually fast. His mount seotned inclined to tnke all her fences "flying."
May Day did not stand back at any of
her jumps. And now only one more obstacle remained. This was a high fence
with an nwkwurd drop on tho other
side. And here the mare was found
wanting. .She took it badly, swerved,
fell, and he rider shot forward full on
his head. Not far oil" the Speaker of
the House of Commons waited at the
judge's post; to "catch his eye" flrst in'
i sense other than parliamentary had
beon the sturdy veteran's ambition; but
tlte "good mare, ami likely to win"
was not to carry him so far.
Once more the significant little scene
so often enacted on the hunting-fields
of England: the group of friends stooping around a prostrate form, tho hasty
services of mercy, the summoning of a
doctor, the silent procession to the nearest .house, and—denth. Vet probably,
lhe huntsman would have been well con
tent that his end should come thus, and:
that his epitaph should be: "He died
as he lived—a sportsman to the finish."
May Day will be n sad heirloom iu
Mr, Touikinson "s stables, but the inure
will not lack of gentle care. The hunts
mau loves his horse none the less for.an
occasional "spill." And that personal
affect ion for a favorite mount works
to the good of nil horsekiml iu England.
The proof thereof came a day or two
Inter in thai chamber Which Mr. Tom
kinsoii will enter no more; for ere fhe
unfortunate huntsman had been carried
to his grave a fellow-member of I'arliament brought in a bill the object of
which is to secure protection and mercy
to out-worn horses. Thoro was no opposition fo the measure; introduced by
a Liberal, it was "backed" by several
Conservatives, and read amid approving
cheers from all quarters of the House.
So it seems ns though thore is something typically English in that royal
cry: "A liorse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse!"
In each
was a tlllli
coal of bn
were filially fully
tissue above was full,
and   showed   no   signs
of the old wound.
the three older bums there
avlty occupied by the char-
urface, bul  the wounds
•tl, and the new
I'en nliuuous,
f distortion or
A MEM KER of the faculty of Leland
Stanford University, in California, who is an authority on systematic botany, has gathered some interesting dntn concerning tho life history of! a big tree there, belonging ,o
to the sequoia glganton family, a kind
of tree found nowhere bul in the Pa*
ciflc States. The Iree in question, according fo lhe authority mentioned, was
fifteen feel in diameter five feel, froin
the ground and was 270 feet high', und
iis age was placed af i!,171 years.
When felled lhis tree showed an enormous  surface  burn   on  one  side  thirty
Fni; the first time in the history of
motoring in the United States a
horBeloss funeral cortege has passed through  fhe streets of a  large city.
The fii Is of tho lute lleurv Stephens
of Detroit, nil used automobiles, und a
motor conveyance was used as the
hearse. More than twenty automobiles
The long trip to Woodlawu Cemetery
was made iu much faster fime than
would have been possible with horse-
drawn vehicles.
Detroit is rapidly crowding lhe horse
from the streot, but this is one of tbe
most radical of the horseless innovations.
Published   every   Saturday   at  Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
The Is'ander Printing k Publishing Company.
Chaiu.es C. Segrave, Managing Editor.
Advertising rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription price $1.50 per year, pnynble in ndvanoe.
The editor does not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
SATURDAY, AUG.   1!),  1911.
What the Editor haB to say.
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
The Federal election is beginning to loom large in the pub
lie mind ; there is little doubt but that it will be a hard fought
one. The Conservatives feel that it is time they had au op
portuuity to put their policy into force, as they believe it
would be in the best interests of the country, and they also
feel that the time and conditions are favorable for success.
Premier McBride has promised that this province shall send a
"solid seven" in support of Mr. Borden aud that he will strain
every nerve to accomplish it.
The convention having chosen Mr. H. Clemens, of Prince
llupert, to fight their battle for this district, it is the duty of
every Conservative to do his level best  and use every legitim
ate means to return their choice at the head of the poll.
The Property known as
McPhee's Orchard
is now being subdivided into lots.
For Full Particulars Apply
The Island Realty Co.
Fire, Life, Live Stock -  P. L. ANDERTON,
.. . Accident.. Pbone 22.     Courtenay, B. 0.
The apprehension and conviction of John George Allen
for shooting grouse out of season by our resident Provincial
Police is most satisfactory.
The wild game of the province is a valuable asset, and the
Government has not only passed an act of parliament for its
protection during the close season but has also organized a
force of game wardens at a considerable outlay to ensure its
being carried out and the game preserved from extinction, also
are introducing other species as well as different varieties to
cross with, strengthen and improve the native stock, so that
there may be good legitimate sport for everybody in the shooting season, whilst it is such mean transgressors as J. G A.
wlio have not the slightest sportsman instinct or regard for
tlieir country's laws, who take advantage of every chance
whtn they think they will not be caught, to the disadvantage
of all law-abiding and honorable persons who scorn to shoot
uut of season.
lt is a matter of regret that our Magistrate did not inflict
the full penalty, $100 in this case, which has not a redeeming
feature. No doubt he will do so in any future case, should one
come before him.
There was quite a row in Winnipeg last week when the
Conservatives became convinced of the existence of a definite
plot to prevent the fair registration of Conservatives and those
opposed to the Liberal Government, and it will be up to the
Conservative Associations of this district and British Columbia
in general to watch their lists ; it is not a far cry from Winnipeg to Vancouver for the long legged spider of grit corruption.
The Vancouver Daily Province
To September 23, Ag
1911, for £OC
We will mail The Daily Province
till September 23 to any address
in Canada outside tbe city of Van-
n f fa i* c°uver'f°r 25^*
VHCf"    (knera £iecti0na September 21
Take advantage of our Splendid News Service
and follow intelligently the moves of each party.
itectf: §$tate
Offices: Comox & Courtenay.
Agents for E. & N. Lands,
Comox District.
Beadnell & Thwaites
Carriages, Wagons, aod Farm Implemeiits
Buggy fittings of all kinds
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pups Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
8 ottled Beer Supplied to the Trade Only.
=s=Best on the Coast ===
Pilsenep Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
 ; ___
Summer Furniture
Offerings for the
. . Floor ...
Linoleum, Carpet Squares and Rugs,
for the windows- Blinds, Tapestry and  Lace Curtains and
Curtain Poles.   Fpr the kitchen — Ranges, Cupboards, Chairs
and Tables,.   For the bedroom—Iron Beds, "Restmore" Mattresses, Springs, Dressers and Stands.
Pull Line of Dining Room Furniture on Hand
"The Furniture Store"
McPhee Block A.   MoKINNON      Cumberland, B.C
:   :   :   CBIVED   :   :   :
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
The finest hotel in the city.
,1 Colts..
"Leading Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer in Fruits, Candy, Clgarg
and Tobacco.
f3t Billiard Room in connection
llfif 1
Local Agenl for
Tbe London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Co.
Get rates before insuring elsewhere
Office: Cumberland
Horseshoeing a Specialty
Third Ave., Cumherland
The  Russell
The only Cur Made
in   America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicycles; FairbanKs Mor»e Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighti ig Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing of all kinds.
llicycles, Sewing Machinrs, (Inns, etc.    Scissors nnd Skates ground
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages,   Hoops for Tubs-
mn . touch nnd duiiiiii u,i. ;
'Ui' prices You wil  he ue ijj
isfactinn  in
e   s and get
also cany
xamine these iimti
itut wiih them,     W
Veto: Gr m iphi tie   • ■ rtVici -.las
I.e. I- are wonderful instruments; tlwy reproduce the natural qua!-
y r! rh> instrument-nd bun"f voice.   3 tUfacti'm Guarantee,
.. DUNSMOKE'S  wiUal^ STORE ..
Church St., NANAIMO, B. C. Opposite Bank of Commerce.
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work: Guaranteed
Dunsmuir Ave   :::  Cumberland
.-..- -- • > —'.-.
___________ tfk
The Store of
The Best Garments
are the only ones we offer for
sale. Our advertising is not
intended to sell our clothing.
It is intended to induce your
interest and to bring you into this stoi'e, as our clothing
does the rest.
good, shapely ihouhlers, slight
ly concaved and close fitting
collars are two of the strongest features tin the selling of
our clothing.
The best clothing makers in
Canada show us their samples each season, and the
"Perfection Brand" is in a
class by itself. All we ask is
for you to call and judge for
yourself.   Price for Suits from
$10 to $30
We carry the largest   and
most up-to-date hats for men,
to be found in this vicinity.
the same day orders must not be later than 11 a. m.
NOTICE u hereby gi. hi that tht re»-
Htve eiiating by reaeon of • notice
published in tha British Columbia Out
ette of 27ih December 1907, over ft p*r
rat of land iitu»ted on Read Island
known aa Lot No. 462 Skyward Diatrict
formerly covered by Timber Licanaa No.
30862 which Lioenaa expired on tbe 20ih
November 1900 ia wiolled, and the
aaid landa will be opened to loeekion by
pre-emption only at midnight on Friday
16th Ootober 1911.
Deputy Minuter of Landa.
Department of Lei.de,
Victoria, B. C, Sth July 1911.
a Year
Old Newspapers for sale at The
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers ln all kinds of Oood
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
Union Loner No 11  I. 0 0. E.
Meet, every Friday evening at. 7 "cluck
in I. 0. 0. F. Hall.   Vliiting bretberu
Jas. E. Astosc, Bscebtiry
Pkonincb or Rritub Columbia.
I^OTICE ia hereby given that all Pub
' ' lie Highway, in unorganized din-
tricta, and all Main Trunk Roada in organized Diatricta are sixty-six feet widi-
and have a width of thirty-three feet on
each aide of the mean atraight cent' e
line of the travelled toad.
Minister of Publio Worka.
Department of Public Worka,
Victoria, B. 0., July 7th, 1911.
.     jyl63m
Third St. ft Penrith Avenue
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Rigs for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
For our Great
For Pay-Day and Week
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The  McClary  Manufactuing  Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
Will Old Age Find YOU
Still Drudging Along:
What is life going tomean to you ? Is it Going to mean comfort and prosperity, or is lack
of training going to condemn you to hard labor for the rest of your days?
FOR YOU, THERE IS A ROAD TO SUCCESS.    Let Geo. Shaw, Nanaimo, tell you all about it.
.  .   NANAIMO   REALTY   COMPANY   .   .
Fredericton Sub-Division, Edmonton
Some of the leading business gentlemen of this city are putting this sub-division on tlte market, and a lot bought on this
valuable property cannot help but net you a handsome profit
in a short time on a very small amount of capital. This property is situated on Alberta Ave., adjoining the city limits. It
is intersected by the St. Albert road, making access to city easy
To give you an example of the rapid increase in value of this property, we
need but say that Fredericton was bought in November last, and resold a few
months later at over double the purchase price.
Canyon afford to mils this opportunity to incest a small amount of capital in
this subdivision I
Lntsmi Alberta Avenneare 50 x 125, the others 50 x 110.
Prices range from $100<««100, terms 1.1 cash, balance 6, 12 <t-18 moths.
Agents for Columbia Fire Insurance Company
^loef ^Icgfatfcme, manager.   786   @um£erfan5, ^. §. THE ISLANDER, CUMBERLAND, B.C.
144 Princess St., Winnipeg
That Reminds Ne
late Bishop Foss ouce visited a
liladelphia physician for somo
trifling ailment. "Do ymi, sir,''
he said to him, iu tiio course of his examination, "talk in your sleep!" "No,
sir," answered the bishop, "1 talk iu
other people's. Aren't you aware that
L uui a divinof *'
NO less thuu $44,000 wus paid for the
Millet picture, "Thc Pig-Killers," at the Yerkes collection
sale, whereat some wondered. "Judging from present prices of meat," responded the affable McTavlsh, '' tho
butchers can better afford to buy such
pictures as that than tin. originals."
■iH*r hem old th» bUmtnh.
._ Ims the hone, or ho* BUf wvwwra
mliMud fmlid. ua
Spavin and   Rlnffbon*  Fast*
Cm .11 jmAer our ft»reiite»-y«ir mower
reikmimttl il  doam't muk* U« h»r«*(«
*•■■*.    Most .uu cured br m tlml* *—
tn Inn tt   ■fipllMtlon — MOUloBftllr   two
--■-*    Onn"     --■--•-   wti_.m,_-.
8alnd.   durM Bnns RpATln, RlniUBot&d
Id ebon*,  new ind old .iin ftllka.   Writ*
lor deUlltd Informitir.n and e freo oop? K
Flemings Veat-Pockal
Veterinary Adviser
ftr-ilf puM, dnnblr bound. Udtm*
lllaitrated.   Co Ten onr on* hondrad
Teterlsarr anhjaeta.   Itrad thla bonk bafar*
)<■-! trei y .n J kind of laaannaa Ib koraoa.
M      *■    LUIS*. ..HOB., LHamlaU,
Sa Church^trcat,    Toronto, Oat.
WO business men wero conversing
over thoir luncheon ot' coffee and
pie. 'i'he older man had just been
married. He was telling his friend how
j happy he was. And he wound up with
the ecstatic cry: "And, George, what
puts ine in the seventh heaven ia that
her first husband's clothes tit me like
tho paper on tlio wall."
is a Bale, pleasant, antiseptic
liniment for reducing Varicose
Veins to a norma) condition,
healing thctu even after they
have broken. Mopping t lie pain
quickly, overcoming the soreness, restoring the circulation
in a reasonable length of time.
Also a successful remedy in
treating VarJeoiltten, painful
NU-fllingH, toothache, neuralgia, rhenmittlHin.rhniiin-
ut in or gouty deposit*, 1.un-
inns. t-oriiM, bruises, liimo
buck, Kt i tl neck. A good remedy to have in the house iu
case the children get a bad cat,
bruise, strain, sore throat, or
some painful trouble where a
good liniment would be UHcflil.
I-i Um Ki'iitof tin- I mul.Ir (pin-lily "it limit. t::m.siiuf Hny iti-
nmvrui.wt'. Price tl.OM OB., $'J.l» '« Oft bottle. At ull
ilnnrKiftmH'tii'llveriHl. lt<»olt:iKfri>i>. Mamtfat'tTiri'dnitlyby
W. F. VOUNG, P. D. F„ 210 Tempts St., Springfield, Miss.
I.Y3IANH, Ltd., Monlrral, Canadian A.cnti.
»1«i hirahhitl bf JIAItTltl   HO I, I   k It-HM III,, maalpfgi
THK >AT10,\AI, lUHtl  * CIIF.UtCAL CO., «lnnlu*i{ Jt Cat-
»*rji and IJI.Mll.IU0N HROH. CO., Ltd., Vunmmv
HE was standii
this lion of
ng among his fellows,
the salon of the Independent    Artists,   telling   what
wrt and life tneun to him, when he was
approached by u matter-of-fact citizen,
who wanted to know.    "Can vou tell
in..'* lie asked,  looking straight int
tho  eyes of the great   man, "if Mies
here domed pictures were dom? by rei)
artists or just amateurs?"
rpillS is an extract from a Siamese
JL paper that has au English column
for foreign readers: '' Shooting
Outrage—O Fearful Agony. — Khoon
Tong was n man of hungoon and on his
return accidentally shot at by somo miscreant scoundrels. Untimely death, oh
fearful 1 All men expressed their mourn.
The cowardice dogs is still at large."
MORIAUITY had been badly hurt by
falling from a scaffold, and after
the ambulance had carried him
away the question of breaking the news
to Mrs. Moriarlty came 'up. "Send
Etttniiigan," suggested ono of the gang.
"Jle's just the man to break the newi
gradual—look how lie stutters.''
A CONNECTICUT pastor was questioning a boy pupil of the Sunday
school. The lad answered greatly
to the satisfaction of the good man,
but finally the latter was stumped when
the youngster mado his last reply.
'' What commandment, my son. did
Adam break when he ate the apple?"
asked the pastor. ' 'Please, sir,'' returnod the boy, "tliere were no commandments at that time."
A .VOTED statesman was very fond
of riding on horseback and, being
vastly conceited about liis line
figure, wore stays to show it off. One
day he was thrown from his horse aud
lay prone on the road. A farm laborer
from a neighboring field run to Ills assistance. The lirst aid man began to
feel the statesman all over and suddenly yelled out to another laborer: "Hun,
Jock, for heaven's sake, for a doctor!
Here's a man's ribs running north and
south   instead  of east  and   west!"
marked: " *■ say, there is a fine looking
herd of cattle." "Yes," said the senator, dryly, prone to doubt even the obvious, "they aro liuo looking—on this
*     *    *
LORD FITZGIBBON was holding assizes in Tlpperary County, when a
mau was brought before hiin on indictment *for murder,. Tho case wns
proved that the victim came to his
death by being hit with a stick in the
hands of the defendant; but the doctor
testiucd that he had what they called
iu medical parlance a "paper skull."
Tho case looked dnrk for the prisoner,
however, and the jury returned a verdict of guilty. As the mnn was brought
before the court for sentence it was
noticed that his lordship had his blue
cap in his hand. "Have you anything
to say why sentence should not be pronounced upon you?" demnoded Lord
Fitzgibbon. .The man looked for a moment nnd then said, "N'o, your lordship,
I have nothing to say; but' T should like
to nsk ono question." "What is tlmt,
my man?" said Fitzgibbon, "1 should
like to know what a man with a head
like thnt was doing in Tipperary?"
The black cap was put awny and a
prison sentence imposed.
With the Horses
Mi'NALLV,   tlio   swimmer,
Doctors Could Not Cure His Dropsy,
but Dodd's Kidnoy Fills Cleared It
Out Completely
(S| tal)
Sask.,   dune    1
"I'ured     me     <
what   Dod
 I"    Such  i
by Thomas Moot
dent of this plac
fored wit'
5,   1910.—
s Kidney  Tills did
the statement made
a   well-known   resi-
who for years suf-
Dropslcal Swellings brought
ised   Kidneys.
pains  iu  the  small   of  my
1    MI        	
the   loins.     The
1 Ilrst  in  my le^s
!  hut   k
Mill       I
dav    !
awful size.
"One docl
where I gol
swelling Boon all camo
"Then   I   used   Dodd
and.   as   I   snid   hefore.
tried   i
getting   woi>
swollen   ng
l, "and
ng com-
ul  tne
tile   I
but    the
noys  fuill
Inoys with  Dodd'
e   caused   i"
lo   take   tli'i
blood.    Cur.
Kidney Dill;
cures itself.
HAVING   been   shown   the   speaking
tubo aud  had its uses explained,
Plynn, tho
mighty blast iu It
Mr. Ilohart eamo
quired: "What's \
" 'Tis Oi, Paddi
boss?" "I am,1
"Well, thin," y.
yer head out av th
whoile   Oi   shteji
Oi want to talk t'
tho u
' tube a
lilted down there.'"
Flvnn. Ar, ve th'
said Mi. I'lobart.
led Plynn, "shtiek
second shlory windy
it;  on   Hi'  soidwalk.
in a smalt restaurant when a man
with a grouch entered and sat at their
table. The grouch ordered lamb chops.
Several minutes later the chops were
served; they were slightly burned. The
grouch called the waiter and said:
"What are these, lamb chops or pork
chops?" The waiter replied, "Dou't
you know?" The grouch answered
"No," and then the waiter sarcastically replied: "What difference docs it
make then?"
GREVY, when French president, once
extricated himself from a predicament with wonderful presence of
mind, lie was being conducted round
the salon of au eminent artist, when
he saw a painting which displeased him.
" What a daub!" he exclaimed. I
"Whose is it?" "That picture, M. Iel
President,'' said his cicerone, "is my
own work." ."All!" said the president, without any sign of embarrassment at his awkward mistake. "In
our country, when we particularly wish
to purchase a thing, we always begin
by running H down," and, true to his
part, he purchased the offending puin!..
ing lliere and then. ,
*TV>WAKD the termination of a law-
X suit in Massachusetts, the lady in
tho case arose and, with a blush-
ng countenance, timidly addressed the
•onrt. "Your honor," said she, "if I
idmlttod having made a mistake in my
testimony would it vitiate all I have
I.'" Instantly the lawyers on both
sides became perturbed nud excited,
while Ilu1 judge regarded hcr gravely.
"Well, madam, ' said the court, after
a pause, "that depends entirely on the
nature of your error. What is it,
please."' "Why, vou see," answered
the lady, more and more flushed and embarrassed, "when the clerk asked me
I was so flustered, you know,
that 1 inadvertently gave him my bust
A FRIEND of thc late Senator Allison   declares  that   for   genuine,
MANY curious lease conditions obtain in England. Deptford Cattle Murket stands on ground mig-
inally let to the Admiralty. Therefore,
in the deed a clause was inserted stipulating that a ship should always be on
the stocks, failing which the laud
should revert to the Admiralty.
In the west end of -London certain of
tho very finest shops—many in New
Bond Street, for example.—are let ou a
rental of only about, five pounds a yenr
It must not be supposed, however, that
the tenant gets his shop for any sueh
sum as that, for at regular intervals,
generally of seven or fourteen years, he
must pay a fine to the owners—the Corporation of the City of London. Should
the tenant continue to pay his "fine"
regularly his lease is renewable "for-
fever," but should ho for nny reason
whatsoever fail to renew the lease at
the specified time he finds himself in a
curious complication. The corporation,
"as an act of grace," grants a renewal
for eighty years, at the end of which
period the property reverts to the corporation, tt is said that the greater
number of theso curious leases date
back many years, to a period when no
one foresaw the enormous increase iu
value that was to accrue in what was
then a mere suburb of the Hritisb capital.
Certain of the old hotels in London
are held, on quaint lenses. Three or
four yenrs ago an ancient hostelry in
.lolhorn was rebuilt. During the reconstruction operations, a duly appointed
customer entered ut a certain time
every day, and. repairing to a wooden
shanty in the midst of u confused mass
of brick and mortur, purchased a pint
of beer. This proceeding being finished, the mnu in charge closed the shanty,
ami it was not opened until the same
time next day. The owners of the
new building were obliged to erect
the shanty wherein business might in a
sense be carried on; otherwise they
would luiTe lost their lease.
pure, unalloyed and unaduttorat
pessimism the senator carried filings
further <>n the dark side than anyone
he ever knew of in the realms of fnct.
fancy, or fiction. One day they were
seated togotltor iu u train, when they
passed a herd of fine looking cattle
grazing on the hillside,    The friend re-
OX Chatham Island, in the Galapagos
group, jet-black eats live by the
thousand iu crevices of the lava
near the coast, wild dogs exist in
droves, wild chickens in Hocks; and
there are wild horses and wild asses
that have acquired au interesting habit,
so we are told,' of sitting upon their
haunches like rabbits.
Most remarkable of all the animal
life found on the island when Darwin,
visited it were the great turtles, some j
cf them weighing as much as six I'.un
dred pounds. They were the only survivors of an ancient race of giant
turtles tbat was conspicuous in the
early purt of the Tertiary epoch. Un
fortunately only a few of them are now
left, and before long, it is thought, the
race will be extinct.
It is reckoned that no fewer than
ten millions of these turtles have been
taken from the islands of the group
since their discovery. Ships' crews
have taken them for food; the wild
dogs have persistently eaten thc young
ones, watching till the eggs hatched and
theu gobbling up the infant tortoises;
and a factory wus'at one time established for the purpose of making turtle-oil.
It is said to have turned out three thousand gallons a year.
Although the turtles arc not yet exterminated, there is u sad falling off
from former days. The specimens now
found are usually mere infants, weighing only teu or twenty pounds. In the
ohl dnys it took six or eight men to
lift one turtle. The turtles live to a
great ago nnd are believed to continue
growing iis long us they live.
A very trivial thing oftentimes
causes a horse to go lame, such as a
slighl wrench, a sprain, a cut, etc. These
are things to be expected. They are
liable to happen to any liorse at any
time. The lameness tuny cause inconvenience but it is not otherwise serious.
All that is necessary in many cases h
to be ready tu treat promptly with some1
(liciont  remedy.
In this connection it is a suggestive
thought that for over a score of years
oue could hardly speak or think of n
liorse romody without calling to mind
Kendall's Spavin Cine.
Perhaps no other single liorse remedy
has ever bcen so generally used or hml
so great a reputation. Almost everybody who owns a horse has heard "f
Kendall's Spavin Cure. Ifs popularity
lias not been confined to one locality or
slate. It is national, oven world-wine.
It is worth wliile to remember tniu
Kendall's Spavin Cure has been in use
for nearly half a century and its popularity is greater now than ever before.
If if, bad not stood the test it would
have been out of i
This old favorite 1
sale nf; drjig and g<
where. The oxcollc
titled   "A   Treatise
THE passago of the nnti-hopplo rule
by the congress of tho Americau
Trotting Association sounded the
death note of the obnoxious straps and
every breeder and genuine horseman
and Sportsman is pleased with the result. Never before in the hiBtury of
turf legislation was a great question so
thoroughly ventilated und so carefully
looked at from all viewpoints aiul
when the joint committee of the American and National Trotting Associations,
composed of men of eminent ability
who have for over two decades controlled Jhe destinies of light harness sport
and brought it up to its present high
standard of popularity and prosperity
decided upon a plan for their final extinction, it hurt uo vested interest and
neither owners of hoppled pacers
secretaries of associations need ha
any fear of the ultimate result.
The owner of a hoppled pacer ei
race him, if he lasts that long, till the
close of .the season of 1014, The career
of the pacer is not long aud it is safe
to say that there is not a strapped up
pacer today, that will not be absolutely
useless as a racing machine four years
from now. Then what is he worth/ The
free logged paeer when his racing days
are over will sell for a roadster or a.
matinee horse, the hoppled fellow is
hardly good enough for the peddler's
The principal object of all racing is
the improvement of the breed of horses,
because the running associations lost
sight of that fact, the laws of racing in
many states havo either curtailed their
meetings or put them ont of existence.
The trotting associations should not follow a bad example.
The only opposition to the anti-hopple
rule comes from owners of hoppled pacers, their trainers nnd secretaries who
fear that when tho rulo becomes really
operative they will be short of ontties.
So far ns horses are concerned secretaries need feel no anxiety. Tliere never
wns a time in the history of breeding
thc light harness horse when so many
were being raised and unless all signs
fail there will be u much larger numbe:
of horses eligible to races iu 1916 thuu
there are now. That is the central fnct
and therefore no secretary need have
any fear that the rule will work him
any injury. Thc artificial pneor will
give away to the natural side wheeler
aud he will be a better and a more valuable horse, and wheu his racing days
aff over he will slill sell well. It is also
well to note thnt a great, number of
natural pacers arc owned by men who
do not care to go against the handicap
of the strapped variety who will gladly
race on even terms. The time may not
be us fast but as long as the contest is
close, the excitement is the same.
No secretary should allow himself to
be stampeded by the scare cry of a
scarcity of entries. There will be as
many, if not more horses, trainers will
not throw up their positions because
they have got to train their horses in a
natural manner and owners from now
on will buy their young stock on their
natural gait. All the owner wants is
a good horse and he would sooner not
have the straps, unfortunately he gets
a trainer who thinks lie can get speed
quicker and faster by the use of the
straps than by regular training methods.
Too often he does not reflect that he,
has reduced the*vnlue of his liorse because his trainer wanted to mnke his
job easy. Every secretary of a responsible association can hnve every confidence that the new rule will not lose
him an entry, but. will increase his list.
Hy the time the rule is operative there
will be an array of free-legged pacers,
genuine race horses ready to take the
place of the leather brigade.
In face of the attacks ou racing in
many states It is also well to again refer
to the fact that in alt the preambles of
associations that the principal object is
the improvement of the breed and it
certainly cannot be said by the most
enthusinstie supporter of hopplos thnt
speed produced through their use can
be naturally reproduced. Tho trotting
associations must live up to their principles if they expect to retain tho confidence of thu public. As for tho breeders they should bo a unit on the question. Thu hopple has depreciated the
value of every trotter aud free logged
pacer on the continent. As a racing
and gambling machine while he lasts
he can earn as much and sometimes
more money than a genuine pacer worth
ten times the amount. Dan Patch sold
for $40,000, what would ho have been
worth had he worn tho straps. John It.
(•entry, Star Pointer and doe Patchen
all sold for big money and they were
all natural pacers. These horses'are all
in the stud. Thoy aro all producing
speed. Where is the hopple stallion
that ever sold for a good figure or had
any fast ones to his eredit.
I'I,- only real backing to the hopplos
ia that offered by a few trainers and u
fow weak kneed writers for the turf
press who like to play to tho gallery.
'm—   latter   mako   no   dofenso   of   the
to Suffering'
straps. Tliey wish they did not exist
and are sorry they were ever invented,
but they ure read yto weep abundant
weeps over the trainers who will suffer ami the unfortunate secretaries who J
will fail to lill their entry lists. Every
BOUSlblo mun will at onee recognize the
fact, that the trainers are abundantly
able lo take eare of themselves aud tin1
By HI pftt hy for flic secretaries is influenced by a lively idea of favors to
Harbor au Bouche, March 24, I909.
*'I suffered terribly from Biliousnesi
and Dyspepsia for fifteen years, wm
treated by physicians and took many
remedies but got no relief. Then I t«ok
"Fruit-a-tives", and this medicine
completely cured me when everything
else failed. To all sufferers from Indigestion, Biliousness and Constipation,
I strongly advise them to try this
fruit medicine". Charles Barrett.
50c a box, 6 for $2.50—or trial box,
25c. At all dealersor from Fruit-a-tivet
Limited, Ottawa.
SOME years ngo Koberts-Auslcn
proved, through a series of experiments extending over four years,
that when a column of lead is allowed
to rest upon a column of jrold a slow
diffusion takes place, resulting tn the
appearance of traces of gold in the lead.
When a degree of heat not suflicient to
melt either of the metals is applied the
diffusion of the gold takes place more
rapidly. The tendency of the gold particles is upward into the lead. As far
us is yet known the evaporation of gold
occurs only in the presence of another
a biscuit-colored hnt,
With plumes of olive green.
Beneath the mushroom crown so flat
A bunch of cherries may be Seen.
"lis porch od upon her chestnut   hair
Above her shrimp-pink gown.
And from her little neck so fair
A chain of oyster pearls fcung duwu.
Her eoat is made of Persian lamb,
And frogs ure all the style.
She doesn't, mind at all the ,(jn«,"
Hecuusc she's got   'ow  bent
^^^^^ iie.
And scallops, points of ovory
Oo floating round her feet.
When she goes mincing down the street
She looks just good enough to eat!
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
Prescrfbetl and recommi'tiiled for women'* ail
nienU, a ecienti Heal l.v prepared remedy of proven
worth. The remit from their ime ib qulok and
permanent. Kor sale at all <lnnr utores.
means foot comfort It k«ep« leather soft and pliable - makes
ehoee last longer.   Doea not contain any Turpentine,
Acids, ar other Injurious Ingredients.   Brilliant
and lasting-one rub does the trick.
THE P. F. DALLEY CO., LIMITEO, Ha.mf.ton, Ont..
Red, Weak, Weary* Watery Eyss.
Relieved By Murine Kye Remedy. Try
Murine For Your Eye Troubles. You
Will Like Murine. It Soothes. BOc At
Your Druggists. Write For Eye Books.
Free.   Murine Eye Remedy Co., Toronto.
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
drug stovci
Dr. ll. .I.
Falls,  VI.
I    loii^r   ii^ro,
i' liniment is on
til slnrt'H ovory-
lidrse buoU en
Ilio Horso nnd
l>o luul freo nl
"riling lor it to tlio
II   'i'.,\.:ii   Bnbuburg
VOL. 1
NO. 3^
A Shapely Cigar Means
Comfort in Smoking
Did you ever smoke a cigar that felt ns though you lunl tlio Imp (llo of » huy-foik in your
mouth—that stretched your jaws till the muscles woro lu danger of permanent dislocationf
If you havo, you will know what I menu when I refer to the shape of ft eignr as 1
one of the points which determine the difference hei ween 11 jjnod ami a had cigar.
Of course, a cigar, like a man, cannot travel on its shapo alone. Tt must, have other
qualities of excellence. Its aroma must be perfect, it must draw well and smoke evenly, mul
the flnvdr must be true throughout tho wholo smoke.
But lots of cigars have these qualities which are yet an unsatisfactory smoke.
The smoker perhaps doesn't realize just what it is he doesn't like. But all the while
he is smoking Ifls cigar he, is struggling tu keep 11 grip t'ai tiro en# of it, whieh slides and
irriggldft until the wrapper ha'rrgs in shreds frum the butt.
Bis cigar lacks shapo."
ff you want to realize how important is the shape of a cigar in deciding ou the choice of
a smoke, try 11 BUCK-EYE;
Tliere nre other cigars,  perhaps, equal
little points whieh go to make a satisfy
lint the BUCK-EYE is nothing if it
eved unless perfection in slu
.lust as much care und expense hns been incurred in arriving at the ideal shape of
uiy other point o£ excellence.
the BUCK-EYE ns
important is the shape of a cigar in deeidiug on the
in tobacco, equal porlmps
in aroma, equal
ng smoke.      ^|	
not perfect, and perfection in a cigar cannot bt
P.S.-The BUCK-EYE does not travel on its shape-
but its shape helps to make it the best Ten
Cent Cigar sold today.
Heroines of the Switchboard
(By Anna Steosc. Richardson)
HUNDREDS of lives aud millions of
. dollars iu property are saved
every year by bravo and quickwitted telephone operators, Sdmetimes
the story of their achievements is told
iu the daily papers; moro often it is
recorded ouly iu the reports of telephone companies. Sometimes the hello
heroine sticks to her switchboard, encompassed by danger; but often the
crisis demands less courugo thuu quictt
wit and good judgmeut.
Bravery of the sort which makes
nations great inspired Mrs. Dalla Rooke
to stay at her post ou that fateful uight
August 2fi, 1908, when Cimarron Creek
overflowed its bunks, and, with death
riding on its crest, swept dowu upon the
1 sleeping, unconscious towu of Folsom,
New Mexico.
Ordinarily the Cimarron, .flows lazily
and drowsily through a valley studded
with ranches and small towns. But
New Mexico is a country of cloudbursts,
and ouo of these broke with fury uoar
the   headwaters   of   the   little   stream,
tmnsfijmuug-. ^ iuto u pl»ugi»gt m»*"
dened torrent.. Far up Us bauks a tele-,
phono operator watched its wild career
from his otlice; Then suddenly he remembered that the Folsom exchauge
was in a two-story shack which liter-
allly overhung the banks of tho creeks.
He "ent" in on the Fblsom wire.
"Hello, Mrs. Rooke, that you? Thc
Cimarron's rising. It will hit Folaom
in about aa hour, Your shack's bound
to go.   Send the word down the line,."
"All right. Thanks," answered Mrs.
ttooke, the .night operator, *lS. calmly
as though it wns a bit of gossip.
Then-she looked at tho clock. Eleven
—and thc little world connected with
her switchboard lay asleep with a flood
less than an hour away. She was not
thinking "of Fobom. One call, and the
iire-liells would sooti bo ringing. Folsom had time tn save itsolf. But the
outlying littlo world connected by her
rural telephone system—that was hers
to pave.
Obeying'brders. she notified the next,
station down the line, then alarmed
Folsom. an.l finally set herself tu her
real task.
Ton miles Up the creek lived a ranchman whose wife was (.rippled. Hadn't
she summoned the doctor fur this family many a time.' She called Iiim first,
and as sho turned to give the next call
she could almost see the sturdy ranchman, his wife iu hts arms, his children
at bis side; climbing toward the mesa
land and safety.
Tbo next call was a widow whose little all, family and property, lay close
to the oncoming flood.
"Don't he alarmed, Mrs. Blank,',' she
said. "You have plenty of time to get
the children up on high ground, but
don't, try to save your stock. It's life
or denthfor vou nnd yours, remember.-'
Steadily she workeH, plug after pliig;
warning nfter warning, never raising
her voice above the conventional whisper of tlm telephone" operator, never
fniling to couple courage.with warning,
not forgetting oue of her subscribers',
but crossing and ^crossing thfl deadly
floed with tier" wonderful, life-saViug
wires. .     ,  - -
Folsom was awake", most bf it fleeing
baek from the oncoming flood. But some
oritr metr"imifcmwstea* tfc«r woman at
the- switchboard. Thoy shouted warnings to her. The noise..of the flood
could be heard by keen ears. Men
climbed the stairs and implored her to
join"tiie"last party err route'tn safety.
Mrs. Hooko shook her head. Down
the line, below Folsom, wero other
ranchmen and their -families who could
be reached ■ by wire beforo tho flood
could overtake them. She must stay
until her wires went down. She said
all this crisply, without loss of a second
and drove in another plug. With a des
pairing gesture, the last of her friends
fled down the stairs, and out into tho
water, which was beginning to creep
up unci surround the shanty.
\?hat followed no man waited to see,
but they found the. body of Dalla
Rooke, 'when thfl waters subsided,
twelve miles down the canon, her receiver, Uke a crown, still strapped to
her head.. And-wheu the flood had subsided, nnd tho one-time subscribers
whom the dead woman had sor veil gathered to pay the Inst tribute of respect,
it Vas found Uiat forty families -bud
been saved by fhe hello heroine who
stuck  to lier switchboard.
On .lulv 17, 1008, the city of Greenwich, Connecticut, noted for its magnificent villa homes, burst into flumes at
its vory heart. Livery-stables , aud
shops Riled with combustibles went first,
nud then the flames leaped out toward
tho homes of rich men. who, all unconscious of the<lnngor which threatened
their families, were engaged in busiuoss
in New York. The local fire apparatus
was brought into phiy,- but the greedy
flames laughed at its puerile efforts, and
leaped farther and farther on their
deadly mission. Men who had lost
everything nt. 1 he lirst.outburst of the
fire joined with meu who had nothing
to lose In the mad effort to check the
spread of the flumes; but their efforts
wero apparently futile.
Suddenly, help, came .from [U] unex:
pectc"d quarter, The Arc department of
Portchestcr, the nearest towu, dashed to
the aid. of the local tire-fighters. From
Stamford camo another detachment.
East Portchestcr, fllenville and Mianus
sent strong meu nnd modern apparatus.
Encircled by a power as strong as it-
Belf, the demon of flame lowered its
menacing hend.
Tho roar of_. fire und, the , roar of
hoarse, frightened voices died down to-,
gether. The saved and the saviors compared notes, and found that holp bad
been summoned by two women. Miss
Clara Tulbot, chief operator for tho
Southern Now Kngland Telephone Company'in its Greenwich exchange, and
her assistant, Miss Alice Gronold.
The exchange was in the upper floor
of the post-outce building; and lay directly in the path of the flames, but
these two women, realizing the danger
.which threatened tho city, telephoned
to the local polico department for orders, and then stuck to their posts until
every town whoso flro apparatus might
prove available had been mnnmonod.
Downstairs the pnst-oflieo employees
fled from the threatened ^building. The
flames were across tho alloy nguinst
which tlm building abutted. 'Now they
were thrusting long, lean tongues across
tho narrow strip of earth, but still tho
tw* operators stuck to their switchboards.
"Greenwich swept by fire. Send
help," was their terse message along
the wires. _f )
Now theyiamos had crossed the alley,
Windows crackled on tbo lower floor.
The fire was eating tho second floor
rear. The roar of tho fire was heard
just beyond the partitiou. The little
exchange waB filled with smoke.
The operator at Stamford had just ro-
ceived the call for help. Miss Gronold
drove the plug home. The switchboard
was hot. The two girls sprang to their
foot and dashed down tho narrow front
staircase just as the flames claimed the
exchange for their own.,     ->.. ■
But the call for help was being answered all along the lino, and so, instead of being wiped off the water's
edge, Greonwich lost only twelve residences and property valued in all at
about two hundred and fifty thousand
Half a dozen night operators, -nil
girls, working in the exchanges of tbe
New York Telephono Compauy, at
Mount Vernon and Pclham, New York,
stuck to thoir posts with eyos blinded,
»si(le collars and rollodup their,s}e,e.ves.
"One hundred," announced the busy
littlo thermometer, and the girls set
their tOetlf. I'he wires wero working.
There wero urgent messages to send,
and angry subscribers to mollify.
"One hundred and two" sang the
thermometer, and the linemen,reported
everything O.K. And then ton admirably' steamed but dutiful operators hud
the satisfaction of watching tho thermometer drop back to normal. Prom 8 to
12 o'clock they hud worked in a Turkish-bath atmosphere, not- to b\\ov/ their
fortitude and courage in facing a crisis
or rising to an emorgoncy, but Just to
do their duty by their employer's (ind
The first, lesson of'the telephone, girl
is, "Obey orders, first, lust and always." Sometimes this takes courngo.
Always It' takes tact.— ~"
One morning n telephone operator
who stood high in the opinion of Her employers walked into the superintendent's ofllce and offered her resignation,
to take effect immediately.
The superintendent asked fnr an explanation. She replied quietly that she
had no explanation "to give. She merely
wished to leave his employ at that instant. Feeling sure tbat good cause luy
behind the girl's conduct, the superintendent accepted the resignation, and
curiously awaited the /outcome, Two
hours later tho girl re-entered his office,
and, as calmly as she had resigned, asked to be reinstated.
The explanation came mi the form of
a call  from a  business man the next
Ireatiug it. Meet jou at BiiU's salooar
Lewis ami Gates."
-lust then a policeman appeared on
the scone. Silently -Miss Tost motioned
to him and handed him the receiver.
What he heard, coupled with what the
operator had caught led-to tho-arrest
of the men. who later Were idonli««d by
tlieir victim and proven to bo members
of u dangerous sang. Miss Hellb to the
(oro again!
Miss Josephine Seibert, operator 'at
tho telephone exchange at Glassboro,
New Jersey, achieved the arrest .oi two
railroad thieves who had dotted tho
police department of many western :md
New England cities and' several railroads.    ' --■ .        v
A. F, Jenkins, of Clayton, New Jersey, lost a suitcaso-ou.board tho West
Jersey and Seashore- train. 'The'men
ho suspected of 'stealing it jumped tho
train at Woodbury,'"and Sir. Jenkins
got og at tho next station, Glassboro.
Ho dropped n coin ia the slot-machine
and telephoned Woodbury. Too lato!
The men had gone. Then he' began to
telephone all along the line, until his
change gave out. Ho was about to give
up when the operator said sho would
stake him lo a call to Camden, the tor-
iniiial. uf the line. She described the
probable routo of the thieves and tho
locations of ferries so accurately that
tho mini suggested she do tho telephoning. In a few minutes she secured connection with officials at the Camden
ferry, gavo nu accurate description of
thieves and booty, and was credited by
tho city and  railway police  with  ono
bhroois parched, anil breath coining in
gasps while lliey notified subscribe!-
flint nn accident nt the Westchester
lighting plant had caused the breakage
of a huge gas-main. Meu and women,
vaguely conscious of some terrible inllueuce at work in their dreams, heard
the incessant summons of the telephone
"Well, what Is it?" came in drowsy
tones to "Central."
"Gas-main burst. Throw open your
wiuduws—get out of dows. Vou'11
choko to death," "Central" answered,
and rung another number.
Not until every subscriber had bjou
notified did those girls seek refuge in
the fresh uir, and to their courage and
cndiiiance did tiie lighting compauy
credit thu fact that not a single fatality followed the accident.
Sometimes lives ot Lmb::eribors aro
not imperiled, but their convenience
und perhaps nffairs of importance aro
nt stake. In such a case word "duty"
looms up big before an operator, no
mutter whnt the conditions under whieh
sho works.
At West. Brighton, Stnten Island, oue
day lust summer, a heavy fog settled
down upon the coast. Ships wore endangered, and tho island itself was confronted by danger in many forms, for
no man could seo two feet abend. The
fog penetrated tho conduits, and tho
wires became so surcharged with moisture that tho telephone system wus crippled. In case of accident or fire, help
could not be summoned by telephone.
Only one thing could bo done. The
janitor of tho exchange built, a roaring
fire iu the basement, and the exchange
begun to fill with steam. Ninety-two,
ninety-four, ninety-eight, the thermometer registered, and the operators laid
morning, lie told the superintendent
thai he imd lost his temper over llie
phono and hnd used profane language
to the operator.' She had not answered,
Imt had simply mude the desired connection. Half an hour later she had
walked into his otlice.
"When you spoke to inc. .oyer the
pliftne." she Haa snid to the subscriber,
" 1. wns in the employ of the telephone
company und had to obey its orders not
io f;ilk with subscribers, t am no longer in tin' employ of the company, and
I eume to tell you just whut t think of
a business mnu who uses that sort of
language to a woman."
Tho subscriber saiil that her remarks
were cloar and distinctly to the point,
nud he had culled to make sure that
such u conscientious—and resourceful-
employee hnd beeu reinstated.
The quick wit und good judgment of
a telephone girl hns trupped mnny a
Oa December 18, IMS, Miss Jennie
Post, telephone operator nnd cashier ut
a grocery-store at Stuyvcsunt Avenuo
and (Jiiincy Street, Brooklyn, was taking orders over the phone when hcr employer staggered into tho shop, carrying
n man who wus bleeding from a cut ou
the head.
Au agile messenger-boy dashed in afler tho pair, shouting:
"Slugged and robbed, down tho alley. ''
"Telephone for a doctor," snid the
groceryman, laying the victim of high.
wnyineii ou the floor. Miss Post glnne-
ed nt her emergency memorandum
nbove the telephone, and. started to
call Central. Just us she put tbe receiver to. her ear tho wires became
"Wo hit him an awful crack. AVo'ro
of the most important arrests of the
!A telephone girl who wns 'testing wires
cut in ou the one lending to the olliee
of a firm of coal-dealers ut Fiftieth
Street and Angora Avenue, Philadelphia, lOvidenlly ihe receiver had been
knocked oil', nud she cnught the sound
of voices iu the olliee.
••We've got enough. Now let's set
it afire.    He quick about.it,"
Qu'iclc as a flash lhe hello girl notified
the electviciil bureau of lbo city, ami
(Ire-engines and reservos w*oro rushed
ed to ihe scene. Firemen snved adjoining buildings, bnt the coal-oflice wns
destroyed, and, sure enough, exuminu
tion proved that tho safe had been rifled.
Miss Hilda Duss, an operator in a
telephone oxchnnge at Pittsburgh, answered an insistent telephone-call, only
to hear not a number, .but smothered
tones, calling: "Don't kill met For
lio.d'8. sake, dou't kick mo nuy.more."
The quick-witted girl traced tho number of the call and notified the police.
The latter dashed to a saloon at the
place indicated by'tho operator, to find
the wife of the saloon-keeper unconscious from wounds received ut' the
bands of her own husband.,
It developed rit thc trial'thnt the
mnu and his friends hud been drinking
nil night, and in the wee smnll hourS
liis wife dune flown from' the living
rooms, and protested, whereupon her
husband fell upon her iu a fury of
blind rage. Knowing that she was
helpless against such a towor of
strength, sho started for the telephone,
but her husband 'ft hand struck it first,
unwittingly knocking off. tlio r,ecoiver,'
so Hint tho tclnphoiio operator cnught,
not a plea for help, but plondings for
mercy which her quick wit answered.
A butcher iu u small Indiana town
hud u quarrel with one of his customers.
Believing that he had made himself li-
ablo to arrest and imprisonment ne determined to flee the country, und,
though lie .had a wife and two children,
to take with him a woman from a
neigthburiug village with whom he was
deeply enamored. She was the mother
of two children, but sho fled with ihe
villRge~i.othar)o 'in' "response to his
Tho operator of, tho rural telephone
exchange heurd the pluns for tho elopement over the wire, und ns soon as possible she communicated with the wo-
man's- husband, who followed the
couple to Chicago, where he showed the
woman the error of her ways and took
her Home to thtsir waiting children.
Mrs. Katherine O'Brien, who with
her mother wns in charge of the~ homo
of exyBenatqr John, Fox,, ptesjdfipt ,pf
the Democratic Club of Now York, at
10 Eust Fiftieth Street, heard thieves
at' work on the floor below her. She
covered her head with n quilt und telephoned Central, ihe alert operator assuring her that help, would.be summoned. Miss Hello then communicated
with police headquarters aud the
thiovPif AveTo Caught at their work. !*!
Miss Nellie Brigham, night operator
ut the telephone exchange ut Putnam,
Connecticut, recognized a peculiar nervous tone in a subscriber's ring at East
Woodstock, five miles away, on the
night uf Muy 22, 1907, Tho subscriber
was calling wildly for help, as u fire
had broken out. Miss Brigham told her
to look to her own property und she
would spread tho alarm, which sho did,
preventing a disastrous fire.
CARBON printing is one of the most
delightful, .processes ill the' whole
__, -inngeoY photographic work,   lt is
peculiar that connected with it nro misnomers wliich obscure it to a ridiculous
degree as fur as tho beginner is concerned, for carbon printing bus very
little to do with curbon, while curbon
"tissue'"—tho essential material' for
printing— is not tissue ut ull.
Let us sec just whut it means to
junko a curbon print. - Iy, thy, .first .place,
wo can make the print in any color,
blue).green, Bartulozzi rcdrsepia", etc.,
etc. Suppose wc order through our
chemist u packet of sepia "tissue" for
u start, und_ also some final support
papers; these are pieces "of plain paper,
coated with an adhesive film to which
the-print wo make on the "tissue" is
transferred.» It would be quite sulUciont
if weiimit our attention on the present
occasion to. what is called the single
transfer process. If we print from a
.negative,.avu. shall.get tho..picture.reversed, but if wo use a fflm we cuu print
it witli the celluloid side next the paper,
und so get the imago right way round.
Let us assume that the paper was
bought ready sensitized; we must theu
use it all up within a day or two, and
we must be sure to keep tho packet
in a tin, in a dry place; dump quickly
ruins it. lt in worth while buying a
special tin for keeping tho paper, us this
tin will contain some calcium chloride,
which absorbs the moisture eo greedily
that it prevents it frtftri affecting the
tissue.            *    ' .   - -
The proucss is now as follows:
l'l We loud the printiug frame with
a thin strip of P.O.P., and note the time
takeu for it to'thoroughly print; one-'
third of this tiinc ,will be. sufficient to
print the tissue; there is no visible im-
agti ou the.tissue, t& ,\yo must,time thp
printing. On another occasion we shall
see-how 'to mnke an Uctinometcr, by
men ns of which printing, .becomes inure
systematic, -and certuin..
2. We now tuke the negative, uud,
wi,Ui.thiju.j;i^ar^lyclij^jujirf.p.ut.a. box-,
der round it about a quarter of an inch
wide; this border is often done with
dead bluck or opaque medium npplied
carefully wifh a brush. This border nets
as a safe-edge. This prevents the edges
of tho pigmented gelatine washing up,
or frilling oil', when developing the
print' with hot wnter. The tissue is
put under the negutivo in the frame,
und printed for the required time.
It, The tissue is removed from the
frame, und we put it into a basin of
eold water, along wuh one of thc support papors, keeping both under the
surt'nee. The tissue begins to curl, and
in a minute starts uncurling again. This
is the signal for us to bring the tissue
and support film to film—holding them
under the water—und we then press
them together nt one comer, und so
holding Ihem face to fuco, wo slowly-
draw them together from the wnter.
, I. The tissue and support, now in
good contact, are laid down—tissue uppermost—|m a sheet"of cleau blotting
paper, nnd gently but (irmly rolled with
u squeegee, to expel air bubbles and
make Adhesion good; ull this may be
done in daylight. They nre loft for til'
teen minutes like this, and ure then hold
under the surface ofi plenty of hot
water--inst as hot as t he hand can
bear with com fort—in a large basin.
Soon we see the colored film beginning
tU oo/.e out from between the two
papers. We then gently peel them
iipnrl, holding them under tlio wuter ull
the timo.
fi. The tissue is thrown away, anil
we lay the muddy-looking support on
the palm of one liiunl, und lave it with
hot water with the other.- /Phe image
grndnally becomes beautifully clear, uuil
when nil the soluble "mini" is wnshed
out, we rinse the print in cold water
for a minute or two, uud let it dry.
»    *    »
Tliere seems very little room for uny-
thing to suy about drying negatives, and
yot oue or two ralher serious troubles
may arise if a few simple precautions
are not observed. The beginner, natiir-
ally enough, thinks Ihnt if he buys u
drying rack,, and puts his properly
washed negatives iu the grooves of the
rack, the results ought to be nil right.
But this muc]h;dosired issue docs not
always follow.'.
1, If the grooves nre too neur ench
other, then there is not enough air space
between, so > that the drying takes a
bmg time, the top comer dries quicker
than the bottom; this may give rise to
so-culled '•drying marks," or n gradual
chongo of density towards the lower
corner. Therefore either invest in a
rnck with plenty of space between the
grooves, or only use every second or
third groove.
2. When taking negatives from fhe
washing tank, shake oil' as much adherent water its ymi can, and wipe the back
of the negative with a tuft of dry rug.
Then for the first two or three minutes
keep touching the bottom corners of the
negatives in the rack with a bit of blm
ting paper and rag, so us to draw off the
drippings us quickly ns possible, lt rc-
tnrds drying to leuve the glnss sides
wot, and the rack standing over a pool
of drippings.
■3. -The negatives set iu the rack to
dry should be in an airy and yet dust-
free place, I.e., wo want a draught, and
yet not a stream of dust particles. One
good plan is to put the rack ou a dressing ta"ble in a" bedroom, and open the
window a few inches, but leave a muslin
curtain over the window opening. Another good spot is the kitchen mantel
piece, when the rack can be placed there
the Inst thing ut night and removed the
first thing in the morning. The top of
u bookcase In a sitting-room is ulso
sometimes snfe and convenient. Tho
time takeu to dry a negative deponds on
the kind of gelatine employed by the
plate maker, the warmth, and dryness of
tho uir.
4. Perhaps the beginner should be
warned ngninst placing his negatives
too near a fire or over a stove. Such
treatment is quite likely to cause the
water-loaded gelatine to melt, which, of
course, means the utter ruin of the uegu
tive. Where time is not really pressing,
it is far better to lot one's negatives dry
spontaneously. This in a gentle draught
of spring or summer air will not take
more than two or three hours under favorable conditions.
5. If time presses, oue can hasten
drying by first wiping the back and
front of the negative with clean, dry
cotton-wool, and then immersing the
plate iu a dry porcelain dish and covering it with methylated spirit, and allowing it to remaiu therein for, say, teu
minutes. Jhcu removing the plate,
ngain wiping back and front with cotton
wool, and placing the plate in a good
draught, it will be dry in a few minutes.'. Another plan is to batho the plate
in a mixture of formalin nnd water (e;g.'
formalin 1 drm., water 4 oz.) for about
ten minutes, then wash the plate in
water as warm us the hund cnn bear,
for, suy, five minutes, and theu dry the
plate in front of a lire or over a gas
0. In addition to the dangers of
drying marks or melting of the gelatine, etc., there is yet the possibility of
trouble arising from "dirt" settling go
the wet film aud causing mischief. There
are two very likely forms of "dirt"
(matter in thoMvroug place) in the darkroom, viz., pyro und hypo. Pyro crystals of the ordinary form very easilv
blow -nboirtr in- the uir, like tiny feathers, so thut it is well to do any weighing of pyro outside the dark-roodi. Hypo
crystals have a trick of falling on'the
floor und getting trodden upon, and so
ground up into dust, whicli is quite likely to find its wuy on to a wet negative.
These are two good reasons for not drying olio's' negative's in the dark-room.
Pyro crystals will yield tiny black spots,
while hypo crystals will givo more or
less cleur or yellow spots.
The lute Horslcy Hinton, in one of bife
books, described his method of controlling a print by backing a negative with
tracing paper, nnd working on thut with
pencil und Canada balsam. This method
succeeds excellently fur. direct prints,
ami in the innocence of my heart I tried
it for enlarging. The result was startling,, even, if disappointing,, the general
effect being decidodly impressionistic.
The mftin Impression, however, was one
of the grain, of..the paper, and nut of
the picture i -wished to see. I never
realized till then how much grain the
best: tracing paper has, and I dropped
the method as soon as thnt fact was
brought home to ino iu this practical
-- -1 wnstold- that-1- ought-to sliado portions of the pdut during exposure, and
give longer exposure to others. This advice Mmiide.d excellent,.but the diiliculty
ni'ose when I wanted to shade more than
oue spot at the same time, ami these
spots were smalt ones in the middle of
the picture. I soon got tired of this
method, with its uncertainty and possibility of failure owjng. to vibratiuu,
and my soul yeurned for the tracing
pupcr once mo.ro.
It then struck me, why not use ground
glassf I immediately acted upon the
ideu, but met with disappointment
again, the shadows being covered with
bluck spots. I took counsel with myself, and found that the cause of this
wus that the ground glass was not fine
enough, the facets of the grnin reflecting points of light through the thinner
portions of the negative. At lust, however, I found a safisfnetory muke of-
glnss iu Tyler's Micro Grain focussing
screens, wliich met my requirements in
ull respects, but mi doubt very tine '
ground or grained glass can bc obtained
from nnv optical instrument supply
The modus opernndi is us follows. The
buck of the ground glass, i.e., the shiny
Surface, is placed iu the retouching easel
against the film side of the negative.
Muviiig decided which portions of the
picture need alleiul ion, the control is
obtained by working on the ground
glnss with lent her and paper stumps,
and powdered bluck lend for the portions that require lightening, and paint
ing the ground glass with a mixture of
t 'amnln balsam and turpentine over
those portions Hint require darkening.
This mixture does not spreud, dries hard,
and makes the ground glnss transparent,
thus letting through more light.
A point to bo borne in mind is thut
the further the working on the ground
glnss is from the lilm of the negative,
Iho more diffused it will be when enlarging, nml the more ditlicult to limit it to
just 'tlmt part one wants to niter. Tliere
should, therefore, be only One thickness
of glnss between the film nnd the work-
ed-on surface of the ground glass in
the easel; and afterwards, when enlnrg-
ing, placing the ground surface of the
glnss against lhe bnek of the negutivo,
the film of which is, of course, towards
Ihe Ions, The working, by simply adjusting in the currier will eome exactly
over the snme portions of the negative
us when in the easel.
This method, combined with a little
judicious local shading and extra printing, gives n fair amount of control with
u minimum of trouble. Thc ground
glass can be used for any number of
pictures, ns the blacklead can bo cleaned
oil' with rubber or soup nnd water, nnd
tho Cnnnda balsam with methylated [
I,ove and luughter and length of life,  ■
Mollier and fnthor, sweethenrt,'wife, ,
Hooks and music and cakes and wine,
And   n   eottugo   under   the, trees—be
thine! HM
On The Road to Union Bay.
Courtmay Opata Hauu   X
Rhttttidt Hotel   x
Lot 1, |300    I ott 8 nnd 4, $250   Lot 3, »328   Ut fl, 875   Lot 7, |250
Lots 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, f230   Lot 18, g-275
Situate about 300 yards from Courtenay Opera House.     ALL LOTS CLEARED.
Cash, Balance, 6, and 12 Months.
9    .AGENT..
Terms, Third
Q, Me Bates
Silkwear of all kinds, Dry
Goods, Groceries, Hardware.
10 per cent off for fir&t ten days.
Store af Chinatown.    GOODS SOLD CASH ONLY.
is sold by
McPhee &
 GENERAL    MERCHANTS          f~h    f*M
Courtenay      D.V£.
at 40c
This TEA is a Special
Blend and well worthy
of af trial, so do not fail
to TRY IT.
C. Evans and
.His travelling piano
Sfeop will return to
Cumberland   and
Vicinity on about
Aug. 15th
Beady to Polish and
tune yonr Piano or organ on short notice. Pi
ono Players overhauled
Organs repaired, Pianos tuned and polished
In fact we try to do the
work right-will use all
patrons right-Best of
Leave YonrOrder with C.Segrave
or at the
Thanking my old patrons for
for their past patronage and solic
itlng a share of your future patronage, I am, sinoerely yours,
Harry C. Evans
The Practical Piano Tuner
P. O. Box 1356,      Victoria, B.C.
FOR SALE- Singer Needles and Oil
at tho Islamusk Office.
FORS^LE—Threu exoel'ent business
locations tin Ddiismuir Avenue.
Appl) Mi.<. A  .liiiios.
The Pilsener Brewing Company, uf
Cumberland, hu t quantity of grains to
diipote of weekly, and would like tend-
j en tor the same.   Apply to the Sec'y.
Sprinkling will lie allowed only two
night* a week, namely: Tuemluy anil
Friday, from 7 to 9 o'clock in the evening. Leaky tap* muat lie attended
to at onci'. Any rliangea or additions
to existing piping must lm sanctioned
by the Company.    Hy order
L. W. Nunns, Sec'y
Cumlierlaiid, Aug,, 1, 1911.
All permits for burning are canoelled.
No more issued until further notice
J. W. Gribve,
District Fire Warden.
FOR SALE—Forty-two acres of hay
by acre or ton; if hauled by purchaser
(20 per tun; if delivered by seller ti2
per ton. Oood Cluver, and Tiinut- y.
Apply to Chiu Yeuk, Weatwood Farm,
Sandwick, B. C. jy-15
District ol Cortes Island.
Tke notice tbat I, Alfred Car-
tanebe ol Vancouver, B.O. occupation
plasterer, intends to apply for permission to purchase Ihe following der-
cribed landa:—Con mencing at a prsl
planted about JO chains n rib ol lie
south-west corner of T. L. 27195,
tnence welt 80 ebaina, tbence nortb
80 ebaina, tbence eaat 80 cbains,
thencesoutb 80 chains.
Alfred Cadtanohk.
Earl Clina, Agent.
Dated July 7th, 1911.
Diatriotol Cortes Island.
Take notice tbat I, William J. El -
iottol Vancouver, oooupstioo carpenter, io tends to apply for permission In
purohase tbe lollowing desciibrd
laoda :—Commencing at a post planted abi al one ball mile ic soutb-wesi-
erly direotion from Carrington Bay,
nortb-weat corner ol T.L. 40897,
tbence eontb 70 ohaius, tbenca east 8U
chains, tbence north about 60 chains;
to shore line, thence following shore
lines roind to place of commencement.
William J. Elliott.
Earl Oline, Agent.
Dated Jnly IStb, 1911.
Distriot ol Cortes Island
Take notice tbat EsrICIine, ol Van
confer, B. C. occupation, pbotograpl-
er, iotenda to apply for permie ion to
purchase Ihe lollowing described
luda:— Commencing at a posl
plaoted 20 obaina nurth nf the southwest corner  ol T. L. 27195,   tbence
south 80 obsins, thenee west 80 ohafnr
tbence north 80 chains, thenoe eaat 80
Earl Clink.
Da'ed Jul. 7tb, 1911.
,     ,
A*,"                  Ul    -t
i 7       3 *
ISO li
r column in
for half pa
on dens
rd, 1 issue ;
* run for tl
B'o <o "8 S-<4
1 f: * «11>
_• B P> ? § 4
IIS.     s
f o  S.            to
§■ g S       2
IB        5
? 9          0
v      sr
5        »
Etc., etc
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads
$4. '° $40.
just  arrived
The  BEST Machine  on  the  Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS   ...'•	
1EPSON BR03.. District Agents, Nanaimo, B. O.
C. Segrave, fAitcul Representative, Cumberland, B. C.
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve $7,000,000
Drafts Issued ln any currency, payable all over the world
highest ourrent rates allowed on deposits of 91 and upwards
CUMBERLAND, B.C., Branch-   —   -     OPEN DAILY
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
R. E. Culbert, Manager.
When You Want a HIGH GRADE
Ne carry the Largest and BeBt Selected Stock on the Island.
The Music House NANAIMO, B. C
T. E. BATE LOCAL AGENT, Cumberland
Are mado hy the nanio tailora who make the ones at $2
$10, and $35. You will get aa good tailoring aa in the
higher-priced onoa. Alao bear in mind we are the firm
who guarantee a perfect fit or refund your money.
Made to Meaaure at 820.
Sole Agents the Houae of Hobberlin Limited
"Tailora to the Canadian Gentleman,"


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