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The Islander Oct 7, 1916

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ifgislation I.ihmy
! OCTje,
THE ISLANDER established 1910.
With which is Consolidated The Cumberland News.
VOL. VII.. No. 28
THE CUMBERLAND NEWS established 1894.
Subscription price, $1.50 per year
British Lion.- From London Today.
Annual Meeting of Medical   &
Accident Fund.
The annual meeting of the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir)
Ltd., Medical Fund of the Comox
Mines, was held in the Band Hall
on Saturday, Sept. 30th. The
following officers were re-elected.
John Comb, Chairman; P, S. Fagan, Secretary; Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Ltd., Treasurer.
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited:
.... P. S. Fagan and D. R. MacDonald
- No. -1 Slope John Comb
 James Reid
 Sydney Horwood
 Thomas Bickle
No. 5 Shaft Daniel Marsh
No. 6 Shaft N, Bevis
 Thos. Leeman
No. 7 Slope J. Dando
 John Biggs
 David Stevenson
No. 8 Shaft S. Cowan
-Top Men , R. H. RoBERison
 Thos, Bennett
 E. T. Searle
Wharf George E. Campbell
Tailoring Business Changes
R. Willoughby, of Courtenay,
has taken over the tailorirg business of P. Dunne, and will
open tip here Fridays and
On Tuesday afternoon, October
18th, the Ladies' Aid of Grace
Methodist Church will serve tea
and hold a sale of work in the
schoolroom from 3 o'clock. The
ladies ask for youi patronage
and co-operation,
The second of the semi-monthly
Dances will be held on Tuesday
October 10th., in Ilo Ilo Hall, and
it is expected there will be a full
attendance of young people from
all points, to spend a few hours
in a social manner. Dancing
from 8.30 to 1.   Gents 50c.
Special' Holiday program Mon
day  at  Ilo Ilo  Theatre,   Anita
Stewart  in   "No.   413,"   three
reels, and  "Alice of  Hudson's
Bay," two reels.
Peter Norris, an Indian fisherman of Cape Mudge, was burnt
to death while in his boat at
Campbell River on Sept. 28th.
Only the charred remains were
found when the tide went out
Coroner Bickle went to Campbell River on Tuesday of this
week and held an inquest.
Major Hilton, J.P., of Headquarters, Superintendent of the
Comox Logging & Railway Co.,
was here on a visit on Friday.
Lieut. It. J. Burde, ex-mayor1
of this city and proprietor of thoj
Port Alberni News, writing from
"Somewhere in Flanders" to
Charles Clarke under date of i
August 29th, says:
"Night and day there is always
a familiar sound around here.
You catch it at times between
the noises of the high explosives.
Sometimes it is like a dozen sawmills all going in different places.
It is the noise of the aeroplane.
The air is filled wilh them and
they soar about with all the assurance of the most graceful bird
that ever flew the air. Antiaircraft guns are constantly trying to bring them down on both
sides, but 1 have as yet seen only
one fatally winged and that was
a German. One of ours and one
of the enemy's were fighting a-
way up in the clouds over outlines—that is, they were shooting
at each other, when one of out-
big guns below got the German.
It was a great sight to see it come
crippled to earth.
The noise all over caused by
artillery is terrific. Nothing we
ever heard can begin to compare
with it. The air and the earth
and everything planted on it,
quiver, shiver and shake, and in
the trench zone proper the bullets
fly just as fast and as thick as
hail stones drop in the prairie
storm areas. I don't think anything you have ever read about
this war is an exaggeration of
the facts. I have had my share
of it for the time I have been in
it. I have been lucky. It is a
revelation to see how most men
stand it and how they keep going
when their comrades go down.
Our battalion has had some losses,
but they have all behaved admirably, A man has no idea of
what he can stand till he gets a
couple of tests of this life.
It is a quaint country we are
operating in. Queer, ancient
brick buildings and nearly every
one shattered and torn by shell
fire. Where small forests stood
only stumps of trees remain and
the earth is shot into craters.
General Sherman was celebrated
for the remark "War is Hell."
He may have known what hell
was but he could have had no
idea of what the war of today
could be like. And through it all
there is scarcely a moment when
the humor of the soldier does
not have its play. A real thunder storm is laughed at as a mis
erably weak attempt to break in
to the game of noise making." -
Port Alberni News.
At Ilo Ilo Theatre.
Bessie Barriscale, Chas. Rae and
Truly Shattock in
"A Painted Soul"
Four Reel Drama
'Anita's  Butterfly," com.
"Moment of Sacrifice"
Thanhouser Two Reel drama.
Special Program, Seven Reels
J.ondon, Oct. 4. An official
Statement issued here today gives
details of the fighting on the
Somme front after the advance
of September 15, describing the
capture of villages, including
Coiibles. Gueudecourtand Thiep-
val, and proceeds:
"These victories brought our|
front line at more than one point
within a mile of German  fourth
positions west of the  Bapauine-1
Transloy road."
The statement continues:
"The enemy has fought stub-!
bornly to check our advance, and j
since Sept. 15, seven new divisions
haVe been brought against us and I
five against the French.    Thel
severe and   prolonged   struggle
demanded  on the part of  our'
troops very great determination
and courage.
"At the end of September the
situation may be summarized as
"Since the opening of the battle on July 1, we have taken 26,
73."i prisoners and engaged thirty-
eight German divisions, of which
twenty-nine (about 350,000 men)
have been withdrawn exhausted
or broken, We hold the half-
moon upland south of the Ancre
and every height of importance
and so have direct observation
ground to the east and northeast.
The enemy has fallen back upon
a fourth line behind a low ridge
just west of the Bapaume-Trans-
loy road.
'•'The importance of the three
months' move is not to be judged
by the distance advanced or the
number of enemy trench lines
taken. It must be looked for in
the effect upon the enemy's
strength in numbers, material
and morale. The enemy has
used his reserves in repeated,
costly and unsuccessful counterattacks without causing our allies
or ourselves to' relax our steady,
methodical pressure.
"In this action troops from
every part of the British Empire
and British Islands have been
engaged. All behaved with the
discipline and resolution of vet-
trans. Our aircraft have shown,
in the highest degree, the spirit
of the offensive. They have patrolled regularly far behind the
enemy's lines and have fought
many battles in the air with hos
tile machines and many with
enemy troops on the ground.
For every enemy machine that
succeeds in crossing our front,
it is safe to say two hundred
machines cross the enemy's front.
Western   Products   Win   Gold
Westerners will learn with interest that a gold medal was a-
warded to the Canadian Pacific
Railway for tho excellence of its
exhibit at. the Quebec Exhibition
a few weeks ago. Thc gold medal was for the collective grain
display, which was gathered in
Western Canada, and was representative of the various grain
crops of the western provinces. I
The daily attendance at the Que-;
bee Exhibition ran as high as
75,000, and a very great interest
in the agricultural possibilities of |
Western Canada was shown by
the visitors.
When in need of a cur ring up
80 L.    Nanaimo and  return the
same   day.   Terms   reasonable.
Fire wood   for   sale.    Apply to
Phone 86 L, Happy Valley
Chief of Provincial Police David
Stephenson has received official
notification of his having been
superannuated at his own request
to take effect at the end of the
present month. Chief Stephenson has been in harness for a
period of thirty-five years and
has a record in the service second
lo none in the province. He
started his career as a police officer in 1878 in the London Metropolitan Police, in which he was
'speedily promoted to the detective branch of the service. In 1870
he came to British Columbia and
for a number of years was located at Wellington, removing to
Nanaimo upon his appointment
as t-t.ief constable of the district.
Nanaimo Daily Herald.
if you want reliable nursery
stock for fall planting, roses,
trees and shrubs that grow, see
A. II. Peacey, Cumberland, local
representative for the Dominion
Nursery Company, Vancouver
A quiet w?d ling was performed by Rev. H. Wilson at the
Parsonage last Sunday evening,
when Mr. Edward Bailo of Head-!
quarters was married to Miss Edna Geary, of Victoria, B. C.
K. C.  Emde was in town on,
Thursday demonstrating the newj
1017 Ford, price $510. Mr. Emde!
has been appointed agent for the
Fold in this clist- let,
The- Secretary of thc Woniens'
Patriotic Society, of Cumberland,
wishes to acknowledge the receipt of the sum of $51, being
the receipts of the dance held at
Denman Island on Labour Day.
The amcunt will be forwarded to
headquarters at Vancouver.
Captain Davis and officers of
the S.S. Baroda, visited Cumberland on Saturday.
Mayor Kilpatrick and Mr.
Idiens was here on Saturday in
Dan's new -unabout.
Frank Jaynes, manager of No.
6 Mine of the Canadian Collieries,
has purchased a new 1917 Ford
LOST—An umbrella on Dunsmuir Avenue. Please return to
this ollice or Mrs. Nordgren.
Ellen Reese left on Friday for
Chemainus, having secured a position as nurse in training at the
hospital of that place.
There will be special services
tomorrow in Grace Methodist
Church at 11 a. m., a Baptismal
service, and at 7 p. m. Harvest
Festival Service. There will be
special singing by the children
and choir. A cordial invitation
is extended to all.
R. W. Hunter of Buttar and
Chiene of Vanoouver, auditors of
the Canadian Collieries, arrived
on Thursday.
Clark Russell was injured by a
falling tree on Thursday and taken to the Cumberland General
One of the residents of Bevan
was foolish enough to walk off
the passenger train as it was
proceeding to Union Bay on Thur-
day. He is now at tho Cumberland General Hospital recovering
from slight injuries.
Thanksgiving services will be
held in St. George's Presbyterian
church on Sunday evening at 7
o'clock. Special Anthems by the
Choir. A special Thanks offering is asked for on behalf of the
schemes of the Church. Bible
Class for adults 1.30 p. m,
There will be Afternoon Tea
and Sale of Work in the Methodist School Room on Tuesday
afternoon and evening the 17th.
The ladies ask your patronage
antl co-operation.
Henry Devlin, Inspector of
Mines, arrived on Tuesday evening ou his usual tour of inspection
of the local mines.
Agnes Frame of the Cumber
land Public school Stall', left for
Vancouver this morning.
Miss Stewart, operator of tin
Canadian Collieries private telephone exchange, returned from a
two weeks vacation on Sunday.
Miss Campbell, Matron of the
Cumberland General Hospital,
left for Vancouver on Thursday
morning on a two weeks vacation.
The ladies of the Women's
Patriotic Society will make a
house to house collection fur I In
British Red Cross Society on
Saturday, Oct. 1 1th. The gilt;
will solicit subscriptions for th
same cause on the principal street
corners.   So Be Prepared.
The City Council held their
regular session on Monday evening. In the absence of Mayor
Parnham Aid. D. R. MacDonald
occupied the chair, with Aldermen Henderson, Banks, Carey
and Brown present.
Thc minutes were read and adopted as usual.
A communication from the
Union of British Columbia Municipalities requested the Council to send representatives to the
annual meeting of the Union to
be held at Vernon on the 11th.,
and 12th., of Oct., was received
and filed.
The following accounts weie
referred to the Finance committee for payment: Dominion Government Telegraph .84, A. R.
Kierstead, $3.40, Cumberland
Waterworks, 7.50, Cumberland
Electric- Light$48.35, total -*60.00.
Concerning the dangerous condition of the Kilpatrick building
on Dunsmuir Avenue the following motion was passed:
That Mr. Kilpatrick, of Courtenay be given 14 days in which
to have the front of his building
renailed so as to make it safe for
persons passing up and down the
street and also to have the straw
at the rear of the building
cleaned up and the back of the
premises closed in to prevent
childrsn from running through
the building. Should Mr. Kilpatrick fail to do the work to the
satisfaction of the Board of
Works, within the time specified
that the Council will proceed to
have the work done and the cost
of so doing will be charged against
the property.
The Board of Works was instructed to put in drain crossings
on the various streets, Mr. Maxwell will be asked to complete
the improvements on Maiyport
Avenue before proceeding with
Former Scholar of Cumberland
Public School on Honor Roll.
Mr. ami Mrs. J. Matthews, of
Shaughnessy Heights, Vancouver,
have received a telegram reporting that their only son, John
Lawrence Matthews, had been
killed in action ou September 15.
Pte. Matthews was born twenty-
one years ago on Vancouver Is-
and. His father was for many
years manager for the Dunsmuir
mines and retired some five years
ago while holding that position.
Pte. Matthews left Canada in April, 1015, with the McGill University reinforcements for the
Princess Pats and went into the
trenches with that famous regiment a year ago. He had just
entered McGill at the outbreak
of the war but relinquished his
studies lo take up arms. Previous
lo that time In- had been educated
privately in Vancouver,
Three Chinamen, Tan Hain,
Tan Hing, and ('bin Ring, appeared in the Provincial Police
Court before Magistrate Bickle
on Monday charged with attempt
to murder Mali Vein at Chinatown. P. P. Harrison, assisttd
by J. A- Russell, of Vancouver,
appeared for Ihe prosecution,and
W. Pollard Grant, of Vancouver,
appeared on behalf of the prisoners. The presiding magistrate
sent the prisoners up for trial.
They were taken to Nanaimo on
Tuesday, and on Wednesday on
application to His Honor Judge
Barker were released on bail of
$1,000 each. TWO
THIS   VI AM I*.   U*ni../M    I   <
Published every Saturday by .lit- [slander
Publishing Company at Cumberland,
,C, Canada.   Telephone 3-5.
Subscription: One year in advance, $1.50;
Single copies, 5c. Foreign subscriptions
to countries In Postal Union. $2.fK)
" Safety First " with Firearms.
Each year the shooting season
records a long list of accidents
due to carelessness of hunters in
the forest and in the use of firearms. A gun going off accidentally and killing the owner, climbing fences with the gun loaded
and cocked, or shooting at a companion in mistake for an animal,
are stereotyped causes. With the
knowledge of the dangerof hand
ling firearms, it is surely incumbent upon hunters to exercise
every precaution and keep continually before them the motto
"safety first.
Stovepipe and Chimney Fires.
With the approach of colder
weather, stoves and fireplaces
will soon be put into commission.
Before this is done care should be
taken to see that chimneys and
stovepipes are in good repair,
thoroughly cleaned, and rendered
safe from fire. Owing to the
drmpness of the early summer,
many stovepipes will be found
badly rusted, which an outer
coating of enamel will not expose.
Examine these carefully and replace defective pipes. Fire prevention is one of the first considerations of the householder.
Petition for Rural Mail Extension
The following letter received
by H. S. Clements, our Dominion
representative, and forwarded to
D. R. Macdonald, of the city is
self explanatory:
Dear Sir: With reference to
the petition forwarded by you to
tin- Inspector at Victoria for an
extension of the Cumberland and
Rural Route No. 1, I beg to inform you that the matter has
been carefully enquired into by
the Inspector, and his report is
now liefore the Department. He
recommends that the route be extended a distance of one mile per
round trip in order to accommodate nine residents, till of whom
have applied for boxes.
The necessary conditions having therefore been complied with
tlie Department has authorized
tin- desired extension and steps
are being taken to have it put
into effect as soon as possible.
The amended detail of travel
reads as follows:
The mails to leave Cumberland
Post Office at 9 a. m. daily except
Sunday and proceed to Courtenay Post Office, via the Happy
Vallev road to exchange mails-
returning to leave Courtenay
Post Office immediately, thence
along the Lake Trail road, to the
Myerson Cross road to the Cumberland Post Office with all despatch." The applicants for boxes are: Thomas R. Smith, Geo.
F. Russell, Herbert E. Bayly.
Lewis E. Stoner, S, J. Kobaya
kawa, J. H. Blalock, John Mars-
den, James Williamson, Jas. Wm.
Ledgerwood. Yours truly,
Ladies' Ready-to-wear and trimmed Hats.     Wonderful variety
of plain and ornamental shapes.
Dress Goods
Novelty patterns in suit lengths suitable for evening wear.
In serges, checks, and covet cloths, etc.
Sweater Coats
Ladies' all-wool Sweater Coats and Sweater Suits and Caps, all
plain shades and combination colors in the newest styles.
Invictus Shoes
Invictus shoes for ladies in eight and ten inch tops, in button
and laced, with cloth tops and vici kid vamps, also patent with
dull kid tops.
Coatings  in Eiderdowns, Blanket Cloths in plain and sport
checks, also Astrachans and Tweeds.
Ladies' Coats in black and white stripes, tweeds, sport checks,
and plain covet cloths.
Invictus Shoes
The best guide in buying shoes is a reputable trade mark. The
trade mark of what has become generally known as " the best
good shoe " is Invictus.
Sweaters and sweater coats in grey, maroon, brown, khaki, also
combination colors in large plain ribbed and fancy stitches wilh
open neck and shawl collars. From $2.50 to $7.50.
W. G. & R. Shirts, the greatest styles and fabrics backed up by
the guarantee that goes with all shirts bearing the red label,
W.G. & R.   Full size, correct size, fast color, and a white neckband full shrunk.
Newest styles in flowing end ties in small and large black ancl
white checks and stripes, sport ties, batwing bows, Derbys and
Windsor ties.
Hats, Caps, Suspenders, Belts, also fine dress kid gloves, and
working gloves.
Advantages in General Delivery
There has been a growing tend
ency among merchants in Ontario
dnring recent years to favor the
general delivery system. This
method of delivering goods possesses advantages, and is particularly applicable to the smaller
cities and towns. One firm makes
deliveries for all the merchants
of a town. From two to- foui
trips a day are made, with an
additional one on Saturdays and
days preceding holidays. In
Sarnia, Ont,, the wagons collect
packages and take them to a central building, where they are
sorted, and each wagon covers a
particular district, The method
employed is similar in principle
to the city mail delivery. This
practice eliminates the expense
of maintaining separate horses
and waggons by individual merchants. The development is in
line with modern methods for the
elimination of waste. One merchant stated recently that where
the average merchant paid $20 a
week to the geneial delivery, it
would cost twice that amount to
maintain a seperate delivery.
Another advantage was that the
general delivery was more satisfactory and systematically covered the whole city. So far as
known it has also given satisfaction to the public. It has induced
housewives to send in their orders with greater regularity,
knowing that they must be given
by a certain time to be filled by a
certain delivery.
White Wyandotte pullets (some
laying). 3 for $5.00,  Cockerels
$2.00 each, yearling hens from
$1.50 each.   Heavy laying strain.
J. G. Randall, Royston Station.
Vancouver Island.
WANTED:-Strong girl for
general housework and help with
children. Apply to Mrs. P. P.
Harrison, Cumberland, ti. C.
Slab Wood for Sale at $3.00 per
Load.   Cash or. Delivery.   Phone
95 L.
RoystonSawmill Co.
Our Business is 'Growing/
Ornamental Trees and Shrubs,
Fruit Trees and Small Fruits.
Descriptive Nursery and Bulb Catalogue on request.
Dominion Nursery Company,
2184 4th Ave., W., Vancouver, B.C.
One Episode Each Week  of The
Great Railroad Serial
" The Girl and the Game "
Once every week.   Admission 10c.
Wa Una no*-c Beauty may be only skin deep;
W oilpapers but don't buy your wallpapers
before you have examined our stock, ranging in price
from 15^ a double roll, to the best ingrains.
Phone ti
JOHN THOMSON, Proprietor.
Local Agent for the
Model Four-Ninety.
Price $775.00.
Gas Engines, Supplies and Repairing
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D. D.C.L., President
JOHN AI11D, General Manner. H. V. F. JONES, All't General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000    RESERVE FUND, $13,500,000
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits ot $1
upwards.    Careful attention is given to every account.   Small account*
are welcomed.   Accounts may be opened and operated by mail.
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor. SCO
There is nothing that
will add to the enjoyment of your picnic or
outing like the addition of a few bottles of
good beer. You will
not bs disappointed if
you specify QUEEN
cBrewed from the ehoiecst cHL.BEJi'l'c'H J3JIJi-
LEY and J3.6. Ji&JPS
Good Beer Aids  Digestion,  Improves Your Appetite-Good Beer is FOOD and DRINK.
Pilsener Brewing Co., Ltd.
Cumberland. B.C.
Headquarters for Choice Nursery Stock—all home grown.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Small Fruits, Roses, etc.,
and in fact all hardy trees and plants for the Garden.
Largest and best assorted stock in the country. Price list
on application.
Opposite the Railway Station
This Hotel has been renovated throughout and is now a strictly first-class Hotel
in every respect.    The best and finest
supply of Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
Silver Spring Beer
Contains backbone and
stamina, and gives you
back the appetite that
you have lost. Drink the
Beer that's pure at the
Cumberland,   B. C.
Charlie Sing Chong
General Merchant
Dealer in
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, and
General Merchandise, at the
Lowest Prices.
Chinatown, West Cumberland,
Hong Chong & Co.
Bevan, B.C.
They insure the perfect combustion,
the intense heat and clean flame
which have made the New Perfection preferred by over 2,000,000 housewives in America.
The New Perfection means comfortable kitchens, less hard work and
better cooking. 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner
sizes at these dealers:
Cumberland Courtenay
This is to urge you
that you get your Suits Cleaned, Repaired and Pressed for
ono month. Then form your
own conclusion. If it leads to
better spirits, better health,
continue it. If it does away
with dirt, improves your appearance, continue it. Remember a wall-dressed man always
wants the best.
Also you must get your shoes
cleaned; and don't throw vour
tan shoes away because they
are old—have them dyed.
Aik for the Monthly Rate*.
Local agents for
The Victoria Hat Works,
Victoria, B C.
Synopsis of Conl Mining Regulations
COAL milling rights of the D'tminior*
in Manitoba, Sunkatchewan anil Alberta,
the Yukon Turritory. the Northwest Terri
ti-rie* and in a portion of the Province of
British Columbia, may be leased for a term
>>f twonty-one years at an annual routul ot
Sl an acre. Not more than 2,600 uerei-
will be leased to one applicant.
Application foraleaso must bo made by
the applioant in person to the Agent or sub
Agent of the district in which the rights
applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sectious, or lcqul subdivisions
of sections, and in unsurveyed territory
i he tract applied for shall be staked out by
theapplicaiit himself.
Etch application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the
rate of live cents per ton.
The person * pe rating the mine shal.
furnish the Agent with sworn returns ac
counting fur the full quantity of meroh
ant able coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon. If the cnalininiag rights are
not being operated, such returns shall bu
furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but thel* ssee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered necessary
for the working of the mine at the rate of
Fur full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa,  or to   any
Agent or Sub-Air- nt ..fD-miinion Lands
W   W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior,
N. I!- Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
Phone 67
Arch, for the
Alex Uotidoison, Proprietor
Estimates and Design** furnished
un Apj.lk-ulimt
New Home
A line selection of cikea, pies and
small pastry made daily.
Freah   Bread   Daily
J.H. Halliday
Dunsmuir Ave.
Meat Market
You are assured of
considerate and
courteous service.
Phone orders are
given very prompt
attention. Weare
improving our service. Let us know
your needs.
We thank our customers
for past business and solicit
your further patronage.
The Spirella
Made-to-order Corset, of
the finest quality. Every
pair guaranteed.
Tor further information apply to
West Cumberland.
Prices in Line with the Times.
King George Hotel
First Class in Every
Respect    :    :   :   :
Terms moderate.
Dunsmuir Ave. Cumberland,B.C.
When you want
Someone to
Entertain you—
even if it means an undignified, but
care-free snicker, you are sure of a
thusand and one laughs on the exceptionally comedy monologue
Cohen at the Telephone — that's just
one and it's a long way from Grand
Opera ... yes, but there's a laugh in
every word and every word is pure
unadulterated fun. This is just one of
hundreds of "laugh producers" to be
found iu Columbia Record?.
***************** *m ***
"Nanaimo's Music House"
ii Commeicliil St.. NANAIMO, B.C,
Grocers and B ikers
Agents for PttstNKR Eeeb
First Class Hotel at Moderate Kates
Orders ReeelYe Prompt Attention
Repairing a Specialty
West Cumberland
-Vrmor-plereers Are Soft-noted—Many
Marvels Are Wrought in Arsenals
—Time and Care
Everybody knows that the modern
ihell is one of the most diabolical
af man's Inventions; but how many
of us realize that it is also one uf
the most delicate and complicated?
Recently, some firms ho'dlr.g contracts for making . igh-explcsive shell
look upon i.iiT:i.".e!ves to "correct" a
detail in the specification, anl, as a
result, u certain thread was "inr rov*
id" They will nner do anything of
the ki'ni again, because all iheir work
was rejected. The apparent absurd
Ity is designed of set purpns?.
There Is a somewhat similar t.nom-
aly in the ic shell for penetrating,
which was introduced in consequence
of an accident Ono day a lost shell
wan fired at a piece of armor plating
from the soft side, ninl tho projectile
went clean through It, am exploded
after impact; whereas, a similar shell
Bred against the front —the hardei ad
snd tempered sh1 fr—shattered, and
left an Indentation ot oni: a few
Inches. Tbis singular Incident set
somebody thinking, and. In consequence, the high-explosive armor*
piercing shell is now given a'Boft nos*
To the hard point is attached a cap
of soft metal, with whicli addltlo?; It
wlll go through the toughest pi^ce of
armor plate. What happens on Impact seems to be this: The cap
spreads, holding the point, rnd so on*
aiding It—remember that the shell is
revolving rapidly—to force Its way unbroken through the hard face of the
place hy a sort of boring action.
When  Steel  Needs Rest
No less curious is another fa.t concerning the points of such projectiles.
After the heads liave bet \ worked;
the shells "re loft for weeks beroro
they undergo the next stage, because,
strong as they look, they are liable
to snap. Why? Think of the razor.
Constant stropping twists the grain,
with the result that the steel gets
"tired," and will not yield a keen edge.
But tf you put the thing away for a
few weeks the grain will return to Its
normal state, and you can pet a antls-
factory shave. In a similar way, tho
grain of the steel is affected by working) though, of course, to a much
greater extent, and till it. Is "set," tho
makers must go cautiously.
Steel shows a like ecentrlclty t thn
making of test guages. Some of tlio
measurements of shells are very fine,
and the instruments employed are so
delicate that they have to be used
quickly, lest the heat of the hand
causes the metal to expand.
Forty Inspections
As a concrete proof of the elaborate
nature of projectile making, take the
case of the shrapnel shell. The steel
portion undorgoes about a score of
operations, and the brass cartridge
ease attached to the base requires
about sixteen, counting from the disc
of sheet brass to the finished article.
Then there Is the fuse, the delicacy
of the work in wblch resembles watchmaking. Altogether, the shell is sub
jected to about forty inspections, and
may be rejected at any stage.
After a shell has survived this ordeal it ought to be, one would think,
perfect; but a test shell Is taken from
every 120, and actually find from a
gun into a hank of sand. It is then
again examined, and If the contour
about the powder pocket is expanded.
away goes the whole batch, because
ff they were fired the grooving ir.ight
be torn out of the gun. Perhaps the
most striking illustration of the minute care exercised in projectile making is that every shell Is weighed
over and over again. If yon produce
sn clghtecn-pounder high explosive
shell, if must be only a few drachma
over or under Its normal weight;
otherwise it is rejected.
Mascot Betrayed His Friendly French
Regiment—His Impudence
There is evidence to show that tho
Germans are engaging hoys to spy
for them. One of these boys hiis been
caught, says a Bordeaux writer. One
corps in tho French army, by reason
probably of Its favorable opportunities, haa done excellent work, and in
that corps is a regiment which has
hovered itself with glory so many
times that all Its lieutenants and captains have risen from the ranks. When
this regiment reach6u a certain point,
It encountered a boy who was in a
starving condition. The officers were
moved to pity, and the lad was adopt*
pd by the regiment. A uniform was
made for him, and he became a general pet. He hsd funny ways about
htm, and when they were not lighting,
[ho officers and men found amusement
by watching his pranks.
Occasionally the hoy would absent
himself from time to time. When he
disappeared the officers were not lu
the least alarmed, lor they knew that
lie would turn up all right. One day
nn unpleasant surprise was sprung
Upon the regiment. An ofllcar found
the boy carefully measuring the emplacement of a heavy battery which
had uot yet entered Into action.
'What nre you doing?" said the officer.
The lad made no reply. Then the
officer, realizing that tlio boy was engaged In spying, threatened to blow
out his brains. Whereupon the young*
Iter replied: "You cannot shoo* me,
t\s I hnve not reached the age of discretion." The boy was promptly tak-
bn to the rear where he was placed
|n safe custody, He was found to > e
Die son of a German, who became a
Naturalized Frenchman and married a
Lanollne  Waterproofing
Lanolin, the fat extracted from wool
In the process of cleaning it for mat i
facture, iB being used by tlie French
authorities     tor     waterproofing     the
clothing of their soldiers in the field,
(fhe wool fat Is made liquid by dissolving It in benzine, napthn, or portol
Uniforms soaked for a short time in
Ihls liquid dry quickly when hang in
j'te open, leaving the cloth impregnat
Id will! lanolin nnd practically water
roof.     Neither   the color nor  the
loth la in   -ny way affected by the
tips Alwav* Scene of Thrilling Hero*
Ism—Italy's  Tasks
If the rugged peaks of the Alps
eould tell their story, there would he
many a thrilling and warlike incident
lo relate; but none so strange as the
icenes which are being enacted between the Austrians and the Italians
ji these mountainous regions. All
:he parapets on the steep roads.
where summer tourists were went to
uotor, have been demolished, and
jeautiful pine forests have been swept
iway ao that nothing shall obstruct
die artillery. Large areas have Ijppu
mined, and. by pressing a button, tho
Austrlans can hurl an avalanche of
rocks and boulders on to the heads
3f the advancing Italians or blow up
the roads beneath 'heir feet.
From the Cottlan chain, marking
the boundary of France in th** west,
io the Cnmic and Julian Alps, north
ind east of the Adriatic in Austria,
there are literally a thousand passes
snd routes of more or less note, nearly all traversed by practicable roads,
ind some shortened by railway tun*
nels. Over these roads armies march-
id to battle over 2,000 years ago.
Mont Cents P&ftB may bave been Han-
nibal'a route when, in the year 218
B.C., the Carthaginian oonouoror invaded Italy with a large army, hnlf
jf which he lost amidst tlie Alpine
The conquest of some Alpine tribes
by Augustus; the desultory warfare
of Teutonic and Prankish hordes, sanguinary strife of Swiss "confederates"
ind Austrian oppressors, which lasted
from the breaking up of the Caroling*
lan empire in the tenth and eleventh
centuries until the crystlUUatirn of
the Helvetic republic by Napoleon
Bonaparte's Act of Mediation in 1803
--all these make the Alps historic
ground. When Napoleon entered Italy
he crossed the Alps with au army of
30.000 hy the great St. Bernard Pass,
May 15-21, 1800. Later, he construct*
ed the great military rond over tlie
Sim pi on Pass, from Brfeg, in Switzerland, to Domodossola, in Italy, and
thence to Milan.
Making Munitions  For Allies
son of William Rockefeller, who engineered the $28,000,000 deal by
which the Midvale Steel Company
passed from the control of the Har-
rah interests to that of a new syndicate headed hy William A. Reed
and Co. Sentiment and sympathy
had little or nothing to do with tho
transaction. The opportunity of
making war munitions at great profits appealed to the capitalists and
they took It. Incidentally Grent
Britain and her allies offered tho
only market as Britain's fleet controlled the seas.
Frsnch More and More Realize Possibilities   of   Aerial   Warfare
One of (he foremost French aviators
speaking of the allies' Increasing
aerial offensive, remarked: "We began the war with aerodrome machines, We now have battle aero*
planes. In the matter of military
avlHtlon no one should he regarded
as a visionary or bluffer. Every hope
Is permlssable, every scheme realizable. Bombarding squadrons havo
formed New machines fitted with
two motors have been armed with
excellent mitrailleuses, and are at tho
front. There Is no harm In my Bay*
Ing this, for tho fact is well known
to the Germans, who have already
been In contact with thorn much
against tbeir will. They themselves
have excellent and very fast Aviatl B,
Ours are still faster. It Is meroty a
question  now of multiplying them
"losses are inevitable, nnd we in st
make them good ar they occur. We
must also hnve for each type of aero*
plane a perfect mllrnilleus.. In lhe
matter of finding new pilots the
most important question of all—tin *e
is plenty of raw material. What \ a
want is sportsmen . There ere plenty
of motorists ,and tbey make excellc t
pilots. They should bo * ik'-n from
the front."
Airmen's Night Guides
Perhaps the greatest difficulty
whicli an aviator hns to face fs landing safely by night. The difficulty
has been overcome by what aro
known as the Ifonlg circles, after (he
name of the inventor. These are two
huge upright circles, lighted by electric lamps, of different sizes, one behind the other, the bigger being almost thirty feet in height. When tho
aviator Is flying high he sees tho
circles as ovals.
As he begins to descend the rin; i
appear to cut one another unless In-,
is coming down in tlie proper direction, when lhe rings will appear Inside one another. If the circles appear not to have the same centre, it
tells the aviator that he is descemlbg,
too much to the right, and ranst iteer
to the left If he wants to land on
cmootli ground. When he land., pro
perly, the circles appear to him to
bavo the same centre. I)[/
Extensive Change
* Many changes In your apartments
this fall'.-'
"Yes Seven graphophoneB moved
out and ot o pianola."
Hur'  Her Pride
Two fair maids met in n shop, and
at ence began gossiping, in spite ol
the fact that they were hindering
other customers.
"Oh, have you heard about Phyllis?"
exclaimed the one in the white-topped
boots suddenly.
"No," replied ehe of the pink
plumes.   "What has she done now?"
"My dear"—in tones of horror—
"she's broken off her engagement:"
"What ever tor?"—in tones ot still
greater horror.
"She weut with her fiance to a font
ball match, and now she snys he ?;oi
far more enthusiastic over the game
than he has ever been about her."
Well   Separated
Stern Parent: "My child, I want
you to stay away from that horrid
Jones  boy at school."
Youngster: "I do, father; he's nt
the head of the class -jvery day."
Teacher: "Kuthirine, whnt ck you
know about the orchid family?"
Katie: "Please, miss, mother has
forbidden us to indulge in any family
Business and  Pleasure
lie: "iJurUng, 1 think of you every
minute of tlie day."
Siie: "Be careful, Tom. Better
give some attention to your work or
you'll  get  fired!"
All   the   Same
"Come, Willi'.-. Tako your medicine like a little mnn Vou don't
mind it a Lit. lt tas'.os Just like
"Then why can't you give mo tho
candy instead?"
An Important Occasion
Pat and Bridget were being mar
rled, and tlie whole village was astir.
Pat was resplendent iu a tall coat
(borrowed), patent leather boots (too
tight for hltn), a white vest, aad a
bright grecr tie; Bridget shone glorious in most of the colors of the rain*
The fateful words were spoken, and
the happy pair walked down the aisle
nnd out into the street, where a great
crowd greeted them with loud cheers,     i Vei'V Sriijllt Hl-SO, trtilri. t  Ol    .  ■■ • :*■
At last they were safoly ensconced reasonable   prices,   .UC.uding   .  i-1
in their cab. and llri Iget sank back j
with a sish of satlsfac.. n.
■„.,..  ,■.„.„;..■    she said a***, bon> a very neat becoming
Ladies' Black Sailor, in velvet trimmed with saxe blue rib-
"thcre's only onc thing 01 regret
we cud have stood on the pavemint
and watched ourselves pass, wouldn't
it have been hivittly!"
Returning   Th.'.iks
Magistrate (u.&chT.'s:..g prisoner):
"I would adv'se vou to keep away
from  bad  company!"
"Thank you, sir! You won't seo
rae here again!"
"Covered"   Its   Faults
Not to  Blame
"That dog of yours is a confounded
nuisance. He kept me awake all last
night  barking at the moon."
"I can't help that. It .sn't my fault
If the moon insists on taking faces
at him."
Not   Necessary
'"Willie! Didn't I tell you If I ever
caught you fighting again, I'd whip
"Yes, Ma, but you don't need to do
it this time. Jintmie Smith done lt
A  Foul  Pun
"Talking     about     chickens—when
does a hen lake matters seriously?"
"I give it up!"
"When she's ln 'er-nest!"
His Line
"Are you interested in uplift work?"
(.sited the lady wltll the tortoise-rim*
pied glasses.
"Yes," replied our hero proudly.
''It !i my life worlt. 1 run an express
^levator lu tbe Skyhlgh Building."
Mrs. llashlelgh (sententiously):
"It's the little things that annoy us
Boarder: "Yes, the small portions,
for example."
A Studied  Reply
Ladies'Black Velvet, sailor shape, with pi \\t  .1!   < iv.i
and band of puiple around brim ; very new.   i ..Lt it-3.5i .
Black Velvet, sailor trimmed, deep band of pink with under
brim of pink.   A real new and plea^ingslyle.    Price ,,,...-
Ladies-' Tweed Coat, one ot " Northway Garim nts " semi'
belt, very smart collar and fii   d     'he skit.   Tl
splendid stylish coat.
Li dii    Ra ii; i - f (< i Is  ii, t. •• : ■   -
quality.   Prict $7.51. each.
A new line of ladies' Navy Serge Skirts, full v idth.   Special
value.   Price $3.95 each.
Ladies' and misses' Cashmere and Llama Hose, full fashioned!
aid of good quality, regular values 65^ and 75c.,    Special I
w  1  :'     ',■■
Boys' strong rock-ribbed Host,
and 35?' per pair.
Mu. vvtai.nj, quality, 3U(5
Penman's'Cashmere Sox for men.     You know the quality.
Price 50-2 per pair.
Penman's Lisle Hose, like silk, guaranteed fast color, and
first class wearing quality; gives no invitation.   5(ty per pair
Boys' and Girls' School Shoes
The most dependable shoe you can give ;. b. \ oi girl, guaranteed to wear well, is the famous "Leckie Shoe." Made of
the best and made for the West.   All sizes carried in stock.
Peabody's Overalls and Gloves for Railwaymen are acknowledged to be one of the best.   We carry most sizes in stock.
Cook by Wire!
Electricity provides ihe Cleanest,
the most Sanitary, and the
o t Hygienic n. tl
of Cooking.
The Electric Range closely parallels the wood or gas
ra ige but exce's either in flexibility of operation. With
Ihe !'' otric Range you cook under ideal conditions
Each cooking unit can be switched to high,
■ vd'un or simmering heat and kept thi re as 1' ng
as needed.
It is the acme of cleanliness.
i rac cally no heat escapes into the room.
Tl e air is not vitiated.
no contamination of foi d,
\ ii'ut:- through thi it.it  n
<    ii     i   ential salts and meat juices; on a six
p< und roast the saving is nearly a pound.
All the latest standards of range construction are used, including high oven, thermometer,
er glass door, porcelain splashers.
The fire risk is lessened because there ate
i.iulj give you information on rates anu
Electric Ranges,
Cumberland Electric Lighting
Phone 75 Co., Ltd. p. Q. 314
Author: "How do you like Scribbler's   new   book?"
Boggs: "Well, I think lho cover is
the most attractive thing about it."
Author: "Then it's 'bound' to sell."
Master: "Vour teacher baa sent you
to mc because you are a dull scholar.
Why Is lt you are so behind in your
Scholar: "Becauso if I wasn't behind, 1 could not 'pursue' them."
'Want   a   Job,   eh?"
"Yen, Kir; I am looking for a place
where thero Is plenty of work."
"1 am sorry, but there would not
be enough work here to keep you busy
an hour a day."
"That's plenty ot work for me, sir!"
"I understand young Swift lias had
(i very checkered career."
j "Checkered nothing! That fellow
never playeu any such mild game aa
that. Poker and faro are his favorite
Hardly Consoling
Old Major Shrapnel Is a "gay dog,"
In spite of hia grey hair and shining
pate. One day recently he was out
walking with a friend, when they pasted a pretly girl in the itreet.
At once tlie major turned to hla
companion with a superior smile.
"There, my detr fellow," he said
triumphantly, "did you see that charming young lady smiling at me?"
"Oil, that's nothing to worry about,"
replied liis friend consolingly. "The
first time I saw you 1 laughed ort
loud, but I soon got used to your faec.'i
Assurance Company
lias t'oi nine successive years written
i he Largest Canadian Business
of all companies oneiating in Canada.
Investigate foi yourself before insuring elsewhere.
J, BrjRTT MORGAN, Manager.
09 Union Etnk Building, Vii!ciie, ,C
THOMAS MORDY, Agent, Cumberland, B.C.
St. George's Presbyterian
Services, 11 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Bible Class,. 1.30 p.m.
Sunday School. 2.30 p.m.
Prayer    Meeting,     Wednesday
evening' 7.30.
Choir Practice, Thursday evening 7.30.
Pastor, Rev. Jas. Hood.
Methopist Church.
Services: Morning at 11 o'clock
Evening at 7 o'clock.
Bible  Study:  Adult Bible Class
at 1.30 p.m.
Sunday School. 2.30 p.m,
Choir Practice. Friday, 7.30 p.m.
Ladies' Aid Society, First Tuesday of each month at 7.30 p.m.
Rev, Henf"   WlLSf     P -
Holy Trinity Church.
Services for loth Sunday after
7 p.m., Evensong and Sermon.
Bricks, $17. per thousand Cumberland;   $18 per thousand F.O.
B. ears Courtenay.    Apply
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir),
Ltd.   Cumberland, B. C.
Orme Piano, in good condition.
Can be seen any time. A Bargain. Al-o 10 shares of Cumin rlsrtid and Union Water Works
shares. Apply P. 0. Drawer
226.   Cumberland, B, (J.
Mrs. Simms uishes to receive
pupils at her house in Jerusalem
for   pianoforte   instruction   any
iim>' by appointment.   Apply for
e, or P. O. 1 ox
Oau,   UUl
Furniture, Crockery, Enamelware
Paints, Oils, Edison <& Columbia
Novelties, Toys, Etc.
Magnet Cash Store
P. O. Box 279
Phone 31
'A,-&istta,->n -tilttls^*s^tfZSiZtt
I                              ~    |
A Queen Insurance Company, jj
(Fire and Automobile,) and |
National Fire of Hartford. |
fi 8
J                          FOR RATES   A  D PARTICULARS APPLY  TO §
J            EDWARD  W.   BICKLE 0
9                                       OFFICE;   THE   ISLANDER   BLG.. fj
^                                                         DUNSMUIR AVE..  CUMBERLAND ^
«i-CMi^«.3.!CK)Oi.*C3>>OI>CSKX)0(IO»)(3!PlCK!*3<tO)IC*:)0«!irj lOCiOSI]
NOTICE Is hereby given -that, on llie NOTICE is hereby given that, on the
lirst day of December next, application-first dny of December next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of j will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel j Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel
licence to sell liquor by retail in the hotel  license to sell liquor by retail in the hotel
known as the Malaspina Hotel situate at
Lund, B.C., in the Province of British Columbia. Dated this 11th. day of Sept
1916. FRED THULIN, Applicant.
The Partnership heretofore existing
between Goo. F. Rofe. James T, McLean,
and W. E. Finley doing business as the
Lund Logging Co., has been dissolved by
mutual consent. Accounts owing or due
to be presented to Geo. F. Rofe, Lund,
for settlement.
known   as   the  Union  Hotel,  situate at
Union, In the province of BritishColumbia.
Dated thii 11th day of September, 1916.
NOTICE is hereby given that, on the
fir^t day of December next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel
|i ense to sell liquor by retail in the hotel
known as the Bevan Hotel, situate at
Bevan, in the province of BritishColumbia.
Dated this 11th day of September, 1916.
NOTICE is hereby given that, on the
first day o, December next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for the renewal of the
hotel license to sell liquor by retail in the
hotel known as the Witson Hotel, situate
at Union Bay, in the Province of British
Bated this 28th day of September, 1916.
ALFRED R. HORNE, Applicant.
NOTICE is hereby given ,hat, on the
first day of December next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Frovincial Police for renewal of lhe hotel
license to sell liquor by retail in the hotel
known as the Nelson Hotel, situate at
Union Bay, in the Province of British
Dated this 28th clay of September, 1916
JOHN A. FRASER, Applicant.  '


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