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The Islander Mar 11, 1911

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Hats, Shirts, Collars
New Blouses, Under*
skirts, Corset Covers
Hosiery, Muslins, Laces. Embroidery, si
N». 41
Subscription price $1.50 per yesr
Much  Business Done
At Monday'B
Tlm Council met in regulnr session
on Mondny night, tho full board being present.
Messrs Potter and Elliott wrote re
the high license for pool tables in this
city, which amounted to $10.00 per
table per yesr. This tliey regarded ss
unreasonable, aa the license for doing
a general business was only $10.00 pei
annunl. Tliey were informed that the
rate must stand, but the City Clerk
waa instructed to learn how this rate
compared with thnt of other cities.
V.Bonoro, applied for permission to
change his wholesale license to a hotel
license. He proponed to properly furnish his building and to provide 21
rooms. As a eiiy bylaw doea not allow the establishment of mora hotel
license in the town, he asked that this
bylaw tie changed. The matter was
Isid over until the matter could be laid
before the License Commissioners when
the Council would be guided by their
The Sohool Estimates of over $8000
were passed.
Accounts to the amount of $80.92
were referred to the Finance Committee.
Constable Grays' monthly report
wan submittal as follows;—
8cavanging $115.00
Nightwutclimnn     67.00
Buckets      9.45
Sample Room       2.00
Scales L       .90
Meeting For Purpose
To Be Held
W.W. Mi-Clu"key, the International organiser of the United Mine Workers of America has sent word to the
mine workers here to the ell'ect tlmt
it was unnecessary for him to lie present at last Sundays meeting a" President Lewis would visit Vancouver Is
hind shortly when he would address a
series nf meetings, speaking in Cumberland on or alwut April 1st.
Mr McCluskey was of the opinion
that it would lie advisable to wait un
til President Lewis arrived before,
starting to organise.
He stated that he had tried to get
some of the district officials to attend
the meeting but they were all engaged
for two weeks ahead.
Mr McCluskey hopes to have a mon
ster meeting when he and President
Lewis and other officers hold their
meeting, the date of which he would
announce later.
The Chairman of the Board of Works
reported the sewers to he in a very bad
condition throughout the city, and in
urgent need of repair. The board of
works was asked to make a report
upon the cost of putting the present
sewers in repair, when a comparison
ef the oost of repairing the present
sewers and of putting in a new sewerage system might be laid before the
A special meeting was called for
next Monday evening for the purpose
of discussing Single Tax.
It was moved thst the telephone
company be taxed to the extent ot
$50 per half yesr.
Mr McFarlane appeared before the
the Council to enquire if persons installing a patent Sanitary Closet which
he was agent for would still lie required to pay the 50c per month scavenger
tax. He was promised that the matter
Mould be taken into consideration at
Monday's special meeting
Mr McFarlane also a mpluined of
being assessed ono license fee for every
i .surance company, while other agents
p ud but ono license for several com
panics. He was assured that all
would be treated aliko.
It was resolved that notices lie sent
out that Licenses were due and pay-
ab'e within SO days at the City Clerk's
office, ond lhat licenses not then paid
bo oolleoted by the city police.
F. Dallos called attention to the
(dot that the bylaw that hotels must
contain 30 rooms was not inforced,
although he had gone to the expense
of furnishing that number of rooms.
A charming bouquet hss been handed
the teaohsrs of this city by Inspector
Gordon, who in his report says; unless
the salaries an put mi a par with the
best in tha province it is nasonab'e to
suppose thst we *ill lose our best leach
ers who srs second to few of any in the
The Eagles Ball on Easter Monday pro-
mites to be suoh s gigantic success that
nothing short nl being vsccinated with
a strong Anti-Pleasure serum will be
sufficient to prevent a record breaking
crowd being present.
Show me whsre $100 invested now can
bring such Urge returns ss an invest
ment in inside lots in tha Grand Trunk
Pacific Divisional townsite of Bigger.
Some of the shrewdest business men
in Cumberland, have realised this fact
and have decided that Bigger aa a G.T.
P. Divisional point, terminus of two
branch lines snd stations on the C.P.R
backed by its enormous agricultural resources will bs one of the moat important centres in Western Csnada and have
backed their opinion by investing in this
the best real estate proposition of today
Those interested can obtain full information and particulars up to Monday
evening (rom Messrs Forde dr Hill, dumb-
eiland Hotel.
A letter from Mr McNeil re false state
ments iu circulation is held over till next
issue owing to late arrival.
Mr R Grant added a motor car to his
worldly poaesiaions in Victoria this
The Princess Mary will make her first
trip on Tuesday.
A workman in the mines wss fined $10
and costs this week for violsting general
rale 6 of the Oosl Mines Regulations
If "Citisen" had inclosed his name
his letter would have been published.
Tills rule Most be adhered to by coi-
Helen Damn-Nation. The postal service between Courtenay and here is rotten A correspondent in thatoi'y sent us
in sons basket ball notes for Isst weeks
iasue, and here it comes cra*ling along
now, two late to be of any benefit.
Don't fail tn here the Midnight Phil
osopher tomorrow.
A preliminary of more than ordinary
interest has been arranged for the Thompson-Vinson contest next Saturday. Mr.
Thompson is putting up a $15 Silver Oup
whioh la to be competed for by youths
representing the different city churches.
Ed. Hunden representing the Presbyterian and "Scotty Clark of the Methodist
have already entered to uphold the
honors nf their church. This oup has
been put up for the encouragement of
healthy amateur sport among the youths
of the city snd it is up to the congreget-
i n to show their appreciation of Mr
Thompson's generous offer by a liberal
patronage, The cup ia to bs engraved
with the name of the church as well ss
thst of the boy who wins the conteat.
The cup is now on eihibition in Mr.
Stoddsrts window. Ringside complimen-
tariea will be sent to the Mayor snd
Councillors snd also to the ministers of
the city churches.
Ons of the alderman has expressed regret thst the council does not know ss
much about Single Tax as a certain new-
paper reporter seemed to do. Many s
citizen will also regret it bruther.
A meeting will be held next Wednesday
night at MuKinnells Candy Store to organise s Lacrosse club in this city, there
being s number of devotees of Canadas'
national game in towu.
Bantam Weight Boxers
Are  Training
If Thompson and Vinson are not in
c 'iiriition for their 15 round go on the
evening of the 18th it will uot be for
want of training
Thompson moy be seen nny day running around the Marathon course,
punch ing the bag or having a few
rounds with one of his trainers,
He is absolutely certain of his' ability to best Vinson and will put up
every nickel he has in ready money on
A aide bet of $200 is up, and with
the Bantamweight Championship of
Canada hanging on the result there
can lie no question about the oontef t
being on the square
Vinson in a letter to this paper says
we may assure our readers that he is
out to win. He known he is up against
a good man and is taking no chances.
He is training hard, in fact Vinson
is always in training, and will arrive
from Vancouver on the 16th and complete his training here.
The Tlintnpsi n-Vinson go in Nanaimo when the affair was stopped by
the police was a hummer and thia
one should be just as good,
The preliminary 6 round contest between DyerofSacrimentoand Kid Mc
Koe is also looked forward to with in-
t rest as the latter is known to be a
good man and Dyer has a reputation
that looks good lieing champion at his
weight in California,
The Dominion Government has placed
iu a conspicuous place in our local poat
flice a large three color litho. of H.M.C.
S. Rainbow in which that vessel is made
to look something like a super Dreadnought. The letterpress in connection
calls for volunteers as stokers and for
othsr lucrative position on board that
vessel where active service would no
doubt be seen in the perilous undertaking nf running down American poaching fishing smacks inside the tbree mile
Inspector Gordon states in his last report that it, will be necessary for the
government to build a school at Nikrap,
near Courtenay.
Lacrosse, it is stated will be the popular game here this summer.
FOR SALB—A live-roomed house, situated on half of lot S. Penrith Avenue,
Cumberland. Will sell for $650. Apply
to Autono Ferrero at residence.
FOR 8ALE—Marrinelli's Boarding
House. Fur particulars   apply  to   the
Union Bay   Defeated
By Fourteen To
A number of rooters went down on
the train witb the local basket bailers
to see them put it over the Buys by
A pieliminary was played between
two ladies teams nt the Bay in which
the girls in red heat the girls in brown
afier an interesting exhibition.
Cumberland scored first and repeated twice b fore the Bays got started
and tied. The Cumberlanders drew
away again however aud ended tne
tlrst period 2 goals to the good,
During this period additional inter
est was added to the game through two
squabbles over the rules.
In the second half Cumberland ran
away with the game until their score
reached 14, while Uuion Bay scored
only twice during this naif, just befor,
the whistle blew for time.
A very pleasant dance followed at
which the fair sex were at a premium,
the men outnumbering tbem 3 to one.
For Sale,—A Piano in flrst class order.
Cost $400, will sell for $250. Apply
Potters Pool Room.
The Orange Young Brit lis wli hold
a grand Supper and Ball on Ap il 4 b.
Morgan and Roys 6 piece -. rotn-stra a ill
supply the music.
We undents) d that it ia not onrreit
thit a certain alderman will be app -in' d
piees CellHoi  f.n ihis oily
A soHtiol i* iti ba estiblislied *r No 7
right away.
Mia Shearer met with a puin'u' accid
ent this wotk; slippiu. on a.ime ice oi
the side walk nhe fell and broke her leg.
It ia rumored that the cnmpai y will
build a new station in thia city,   but u
to the time of  going   to press we have
been unable to verify.
Strayed,—to iny premises, a broi'n
yearling steer. Owner may obtain sam,
by paying expenses.
W.J. Habxiuam
Services in the Roman Catholic Church
will be held every other Sunday in Cumberland.   Rev. H. Martens, pastor.
Mrs. Simms can receive more pupils
for piano lessons daily (except Tues
day) at any time by arrangement.
Camp Cumberland
A basket ball game was played in the
Courtenay Opera House on Thursday
Isat between Courtenay and Cumberland
teams which resulted in a win for the former by 19 points to 8. The Cumberland
team weut away wiih a rush at the start,
but were unable to stay with the Court,
, nay boys. The score at half time was
g-7 in favor of Courtenay, but in the second half Courtenay put on 10 more
points to Cumberland's 1. Sandy McNeil
was in great form for Courtenay scoring
three tine goals in the second half. Lei
Anderton was too well watched by
Dykes who played a great game to do
much scoring, but Haymsn was not able
to cope with Sandy. Thia was the first
of the series of League games to be played
and was very interesting, both teems
playing good fut ball.
' e
The Baud will hold a "Necktie Social'
on the 80th, inst. Each gentleman will
be presented with a necktie, and some
lady will have an apron to match, and
supper partners will be chosen accordingly.
Mr. W. J. Goard, practical piano
tuner of Vano uver, B. 0., will be in
Cumberland on or about March 20th.
Reserve your piano till Mr. Goard
comes, snd have it put in proper shape.
Union Bay.
The finest social event ever held in
Union Bay took place on Thuraday Mar.
2nd in Humphrey's Hall, with Mrs. F.
Brown, Mra H.Drew and Mrs. Thos.
Hudsou aa hostes-es; the hsll was tastefully decorated, evergreens entirely covering tbe walla from floor to ceiling; ac-
oross the ceiling was a cross of flags and
over the door the Union Jaok was grace
fully draped, on the fl air were sixteen
tables arranged in perfect order at which
ninety people took their places for pro-
gressive whist, starting at 9 15 p. m. and
finishing at 10 30, the whist being under the able management of Mr. A. R.
Horne and assistant, the pi izss being
won hy Mrs. Jas. McNeil, ladies' first,
being a beautiful piece of cut glass, and
the booby a mechanical duck won by
Miss G. Glover; the g ntleman's Ursi
prise was won by Mr. A. McLeod whio i
wss a beautiful ink stand of brasa aud
Mr. R. Allen took gent's booby.
After the whist party a concert followed in which many of the Bay 'a ht st it 1-
ent took part. Ths pr gramme wa
closed by a sketch entitled, "Paddl.
Vour Own Canoe," which was very we'l
staged and caused lots of merriment, the
different characters acquitting thetmolv ■■«
admirably. Ili freshmen's w- re tli n
served nfter whioh followed a dance.
The moving pictures nhow un Saturday ia ooiitidered b, many tn be tin
best her yet. the programme e insia •
ing f "Under the S ,,, -, II
"The Lifeh wl," ii . ' ..... , - , P -,
iceman. Great F -nhorn, 'Wn E-gn.-
eer's Sweetheart" and '0 toque \iia 13 .-
ro" olosed the programme,
Local Knights Visited
By Grand Chancellor
Grand Chancellor Thotn«on of this
city who has just returned from paying his round of official visits to th« va,
ious K. of P. lodges of the province,
visited Benevolence Lodge of this eity
in his official capacity on Tuesday
The Grand Chancellor was greeted
by a large assembly of Knights, nud
after the Lodge business hod been
disposed of the members ull ant down
to the banquet table where they weie
met by the ineinliera of the Pytl-ian
Sister lodge and a moat pleasant even
ing was spent, an interesting toast lis
lieing disposed nf, the speeches lieing
interspersed with splendid vocal talent
from amongst the members of the two
Pythian orders.
Bro. Thomson was able to report
the order in a more than flourishing
condition, with a gain in membership
that breaks all records in the province
.llr and Mrs K Ii Tail and familj
arrived on the City of Nanaimo on
iVeduesday of last week Mr Tait
who is largely intrested in the D.I,
-itune Co,, ami president ot* that Co.
undid* to make bis home ou the Island for the coming spring and sumo-
or mouths.
Mr O Adey 1ms in view ihu credit u
of a new barn. Tlio contract for the
bulling has been let to Fred Piercy it
Jno. Nichol, and work will lie com
iiicncciJ in a few days. Material foi
ilie building is bing supplied by
"ulritliuui llros" the locul null intn,
Mr Duuuiresqu ami family moved
into their new resident1 on Saturday.
Geo L/oano is renewing logging
operations on the cast aide of the Island. Work on this claim wus commenced by Mr Doaue last yeur but
was abauded owing to the difficulty of
obtaining a right-of-way through
certain property belonging to Mr Geo.
Beadnell. Jack Martin, camp foreman, expects to have the donkey engines on the ground hy the end of the
The largest scow load of rock yet
shipped liy the D.I. Stone Co left then
wharf on Monday evening. The load
measured 4,0U0 cu. ft. and would
weigh approximately HM tons Tho
-cow was tuwed to Vnncouvor by tiling "Protective."
The advent of a real live automobile
is the latest, evidence of progre-s in this
thriving little community. The new
car, which is owned by Mr. Tail, is
thoroughly up-to- late in every respect.
It is equipped with a 30 H.P. fourcy-
linilei engine, and affords aecouioilat
ons fnr live paasungers. So fur the
island horaea seem In have tikeu kindly to the new comer,
Mr Piercey's ranch is the centre of
land cleaning operations these days.
All dny long one can henr the "pull"'
uf the donkey engine us it snuggles
with some giant log or deep rooted
stump, in a successful eflb' t to remove
them from their original position,
The stumps and logs are then hauled
into large piles, to lie burned later iu
the season Though ouly at work a
few dnys considerable ground bus la-en
gone over by the orew, and alrendy a
great improvement has been made in
the nppoiirance of the place by the
removal of some tif the hluck timber.
Tne work i- being done by McFarlun
,fc Wood.
St. Patrick's Day Ball
Next Friday
The Firemen's Annual St. Patrick's
Dty Masquerade Ball promises to be a
greater success this year than ever before.
This year the merchants have contributed much more generously toward the
funds Aas tin-Firemen have no desire to
make a lot of money out of the affair,
they have increased the prises offered
for costumes, the music is the best obtainable, and every committee la working hard to make their department just
a little bit better than ever before.
If you have not got your ticket yet.de
so at once, and if you have not secured
a costume you may overcome this difficulty by applying to L. Piket, secretary,
who is obtaining a number uf suite bom
Nanaimo, but only on special order.
On-acoount of Friday, April 14th being a Dominion Bank Holiday, the
Itoyal Bank of Canada's Sub Branch at
Courtenay will be closed on that day,
but will open on Saturday fur the usual hours.
.#w^»w»MM¥wMiew**wimMwwawinawa ^
To the Editor,
Sir:—Are the days nl the Star Cham-
ier coming in fashion again, and is the
Mayor and Council doing reintroducing)
i have been tuld, but eould not credit it
uutil reassured upon reliable authority,
hat you were threatened at the laat
meeting of that august body, with their
thumb screws, their rack and red hot
pincers, if yuu dared to criticise or  in
ny way hold them up to public opinion
that a free and independent press will
nut be allowed during their term of
office, that unless you become a sucking
dove and submit an advance sheet to the
Council, you yourself, will see stars and
the seal of the Council will be attached
to your printing press for "Lee Majesty."
This is a very poor return for your
finding them the platform whieh they
accepted and were elected upon, but it
ia nu new thing for people to climb the
tree then turn round and kiok the ladder
away they mounted by,
Then, how dare ynu talk about "Single
Tax ! " Dou't you know you should
have aent them the ideas upon that, so
that they could do the talking and get
all the honor and glory.
The geueral opinion appears to be thst
such tactics will not make you limp and
ftteble, but, will tend to stiffen you---at
least it ia hoped so—and if it means a
light for liberty of the press you will
have puhlie opinion behind you and the
press will win. That is a clock that even the Mayor and Council of Camber-
land cannot put back.
It is doubtful if they are entitled to
hold tlieir seats, as the voters' list here
was made up with the same illegality as
at Victoria, but if they are willing to
risk it, they would be working in the interests of the City to muoh better advantage if thny saw to its being cleaned up
and put in a sanitary condition, than
v..icing ihe restrictive methods of the
dark ages, more especially as we ai*
more or less iu direct touch with Honolulu, where they have cholera of a moat
deadly typ-, 15 deaths of 20 cases. Our
cunditi na are just a hotbed for that or
any nther epidemic.
16th Cs.ntuky.
Ifbl s le-—Two Houses on rood dry lot
rem fur S1U per month each, will sell
the two for $1060, or one for £850.
Apply X.Y.Z.   IsLAxuiiii Office
In ell'ect Oct. 3rd.
Tuesdny morning
Wednesday afternoon
Friday afternoon
Saturday night overland
Sunday, about 9.80 «. tn.
Departure '„
Tuesday—6-.15 a m.
Thursday—6.16 n. tn.
Saturday—6.15 a. m
Sunday, 2.15 p. m. sharp 'HIE ISl.ANURK, CUMBERLAND, B.O
The All Big-Gun Battleships the
Revolutionizing Effect of Navies
U \N lias written the tollowing ar-
tiole for The World's Work. It
points uut how tho eomlug of the Dread
sought made the world's navies partly
obsolete nnd how Clenimny s growing
commerce is responsible (or the changes
in many navies. It is of great Importance that Canadians, especially ou the
Pacific Coast, should realize the exact
position With regard to this naval quOS-
tion and the revolution that lias taken
place since the destruction of the Russian fleet by Japan iu the straits of
lt Is not easy tu divide human pro
ness in anv one ol' its activities Into
exaol decudoB. But In the matter ot
■aval development, there is a very
slight departure frum precise accuracy
in saving lhat in the ten years which
■■nil with 1B10 the most memorable novel
featuro (although already indicated
bofnre 10(11) Ims been the accomplished
alterations In relative power among the
Chief maritime states as regards naval
forco, and in the distribution of It, lhis
is the most vitally significant element
ui tho existing new situation; because
this shifting of the naval balanco, and
modification of strategic dispositions,
arc the outcome of profound political
and economical changes otten overlooked hv the heedless observer.
The British Naval Annual (probably
the most complete and authoritative
naval periodical published in English)
aaid iu 1902:
"During the pnst tun yenrs the comparative strength uf the leading navies
of the world has been completely mudi-
fled. Ten years ago (18112), the only
ouvy whicli could bear comparison with
the British was that, of France. Next
eume Russia, then Italy. Germany and
• -.he United States were almost negligible
quantities. The Japanese hud uut yet
begun to create a navy."
Thus within tho decade now ending,
three of tho great existing navies—those
of Germuny, Japan and the United
States—aro newcomers.
At the present moment, counting ships
actually built and under construction,
thc Gorman navy is second to that of
Great Britain. That of the United
States is a close third, but it is steadily
losing ground—despite the strong appeals of Jlr. Konsevelt during his tenure
ef the presidency, which covered the
greater part of the decade under consideration. Throughout much of this period. Germany and the United States
were running neck and neck, although
this possibly was not the result of direct
intention. For u short time the United
States navv was the second in the world.
The French has dropped uow to the
fourth place, with a large interval between them and number three. Japan
follows France, with fifteen battleships
to twenty-three.
These changes are above all sienifi-
jant, because they are the outcome of
changed political and economical conditions. Of these, the greatest is the
industrial progress of Oermany since
the introduction of thc protective system in 1879, which followed shortly upon thc consolidation of the empire in
1871). Coincldont with the adoption of
protection came the alliance with Austria-Hungary, This has confirmed the
military preponderance of Middle Europe oh the continent—thus increasing
tho ability of Germany to devote expenditure to'its navy, to which it has been
further compelled by tho immense
growth of its commerce. A few figures
tell the story. Between 1894 and 1904,
Germany's trade with the European continent by land increased by -IS per
cent.; bv seu. the increase was 08 per
cent.; while with countries outside of
Europe—that is, by purely maritime,
long voyage commerce—the increase
was 9-1 per cent. Such increase of seaborne trade induces naval expansion.
The relative advance of Oermany as
compared with that of Grent Britain, its
real competitor, has been much facilitated by the universal adoption of a
new type of warship, familiar to the
general render under the name Dreadnought. This, from n particular vessel, has como to characterize a type, as
Monitor did fifty years ago. This is
perhaps the most important technical
development of the lieriod before us,
ind therefore requires explanation. In
strict nomenclature, Dreadnoughts are
ships tho armament of which is concentrated in a very few, very heavy
guns—preferably all of the same size.
Por this the expression "all big-gun (A.
B. 0.) ship" has been coined. In ligor-
.nm design  thev wen- In have no other
ts trials snowed the success of the do-
rign, Germany laid down a batch of
-our ships of the same general type,
villi displacement variously stated" as
18,800 and, muBt recently, 18,800 tuns. It
s the German policy to build ships iu
iquudrous of four—homogcuoous; and
iie second group of Dreadnoughts is
-aid to -uvo moro than 2(1.000 tons dis-
These progressive increases in size
ire partly due to the demand for high-
t speeds; because au element of tho
theory of A. ll. (I. ships is that, by-
power to cnf.ose distance, they call
chrow out of action the shorter range
nterniediate guns whicli opponents may
'arry. But the decisive intluence of the
Dreadnought typo has been to constitute a wholly new departure in battleship creation, the elTcct of whicli Is to
antl,piate previous types, even of recently built vessels. Dreadnoughts oni- it
is held, can contend with Dreadnoughts:
vessels pre-existing are useful chiefly
as n reserve if opposing fields of the
bigger type should mutually disable
each other. Consequently, Oreat Britain's construction of the Dreadnoughts
enabled Oermany, which was hopelessly
behind In numbor of smaller battleships,
to start by prompt action nearly even
iu tho class ot vessel which by jiropon
dernut contemporary naval opinion i
alone (it to lie in lhe first lino of buttle.
This condition is the essential feature
in the present building competition be
tween Germany and Oreat Britain. Ai
the London Times (March 21) has said,
"Our naval programme is made abroad,
and made mostly iu Germany,1' In the
spring of 191.1, tho British prime minis
ter anticipates that Geriiiunv will have
21 Dreadnoughts to Great Britain's 25
—a nnrrow margin compared to the advocated two-power standard. Tho naval
position of the United States also is
greatly affected by the Dreadnought
change, because the increased reluctance
of l.'ongress to build coincided with the
advent of lhat type which alone is now,
by many, considered fit for the forefront
of the battle. In this type of ship the
numbers built and building early in
191(1 were: Great Britain 10; Gormany
Ut; United States 8; Franco 0; japan 4.
The huge growtu of tho Gentian navy
due to the expansion of German commerce, if nut the sole cause of the concentration of the British navy in home
waters has largely contributed to it; 8."
per • cent, of the battleship force it
around the British Islands, The greater
centre of naval iuterest has thus beon
transferred during the decade from the
Mediterranean and eastern waters to the
channel and North Sea. Franco, on the
contrary having now an understanding
with Great Britain has concentrated iis
battleships in the Mediterranean, diminishing its Northern Squadron." These
are strategic distributions springing ultimately from commercial and naval development—that of Germany, It is
proper, however, to note that tho concentration of battleship force hus become the general practice of al] navies.
Division of the United States battle-
fleet between tho Atlantic nnd Pacilic
would meet now with general professional condemnation. In tho cruise of
the battle-fleet round the world in 1908.
it was noted that the previous, yet recent practice of dispersing navies in
various seas and ports was universally
abandoned. Ships aro no longer scattered but are kept together in bodies;
the distribution of peace thus corresponds to the probable emergencios of
war. This is a development of the de-
I have purposely refrained from the
treatment of technical matters, in most
of which warships have much iu cnin-
mon with merchant vessels. It is proper,
however, to note one very greut progress since 1900, and especially biiicc
1005; namely, that in the rapidity and
accuracy of gun firing and aiming. Tbis
is due partly to the more systematic
training of tho gunlayers; partly to improvements in the method of "fire-control" by which tho position of the target ami the falling of the shots are
more continuously observed and more
certainly transmitted to the gunners in
Nerves  Easily  Irritated,  She  Worries
Over Little Things
'l'n tlic woman in (In1 hump — the
omnn closely confined to ilu- house
thor lh rough household duties or th
the batteries. Details are too technical
and cumbrous for a short article, nud
also u certain element of "Confiden-
tiul' Burrounds the returns. For general
statement, it will suffice to cito tho
largest navy in the world. In the British
service the "gun-layers' teBta" have
shown an increase iu the percentage of
hits to rounds tired, from §0,3 in 1001
to 81.5 iu 1907. The battle practice
tests are more severe, yielding according to a paper in tho Scientific American of December 19, H'OH, au average of
SO to 40 per cent.; the best ships have
risen as high as tio per cent. Doubtless
the still severer trial of actual battle
will decrease this somewhat, but the
improvement, over former results is
manifest and great. In the Parliamentary return of battle practice for 1909
the admiralty has expressed its continued satisfaction with the adv; nco
shown. The highest British authority
asserted in 1900 that the British navy
could now hit a target at a range of
four mile* more often that it could hit
uue a year or two before at three-quarters of a mile. This development began
with Captain (now Admiral Sir Percy)
Scott of 11. M. ft. Terrible in 19110. Fulling under the observation of Lieutenant
(now Captain) W. ft. Sims it has become the foundation of that now used in
the American navy.
It is also uot amiss tu mention that
hopes aro entertained of introducing
internal combustion as the motive power
of the great warships. This would dis
pense with smokestacks, injuries to
which are among the greater dangers of
battle. The fall of n funnel or its extensive perforation, diminishes perilously the power of a ship to maintain speed
while at the-same time enormously increases the expenditure of fuel which is
then wasted by carloads. The substitution of internal combustion, however,
is only in an experimental stage ami
prediction as to its future is unsafe. It
is an aspiration of tho decade not a realization,
Rear-Admiral . Mah an was born in
1840, entering the United States navy
as a cadot in 185(>. His father was a
professor of military engineering in the
United States Military Academy at
West Point; and he cumes, therefore,
both by birth and inheritance into his
present position of authority. He served throughout the war of secession; and
after that saw active service with South
Atlantic, Pacific. Asiatic and European
squadrons, In ISSti he was president of
the Naval War College; and it was at
this time that he published his lirst
great book upon "The Intluence of Sea
Power upon. History."
This book appeared in 1890, followed
iu 1892 by "The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and
Emplro," These books brought him instant fame throughout tne world, and
were translated Into almost every language. He retired from the navy in
1800, after forty years of distinguished
service; but in 1808, at the outbreak of
the Spanish-American war, he resumed
activo service as a member of tho navy
war board, and is supposed to have controlled tap successful strategy of the
American tleet at that time.
battery—except a number of very light cither through household duties or the
pieces, ineffective against battleships, enro of children, or both-Dr. WiUiams
[nil  designed  to repel  torpedo attack.   Pink Pills are a positive bossing    The
Actually, while the very few Ing guus
remain as characteristic (tne emphasis
of thf conception being on thorn), several navies, among them the German
and .Japanese, retain what is cal lod
"the intermediate battery" of the inch
ind six inch guns. The argument fot
these i- the demoralizing, paralyzing, effect upon an enemy'. new uf their
fierce succession of impacts and explosions, owing tn their greater BWiftnOSB
■it fire.
In effect, the fewness nf the verv lug
juris has given rise to a desire lo in
crease their number, which could only
be done bv increasing tonnage. The re-
wit of this has been a progressive and
?ery rapid growth in size. In 1904 (October i!8), the general board of tin-
United states recommended the Connecticut of 16,000 tons, to be the standard
ss to displacement and dimensions. The
hist planned battleship for the Amen-
,;an navv calls for a displacement of 27,-
OHD tons. A similar advance is tn be observed in all navies. Th.- original Dreadnought vas laid down in October, 1005,
was launched February 10, 1900, ami
was completed early iii 1907. Its dU-
placement was 17,9«i> tons; its immediate suecessors ran to 18,000j and those
Which next followed to 19,250. Argentine antl Brazil, relutions between whieh
ire strained, are building now—Argentine, two Dreadnoughts of 28,000 tons;
Brazil, three of 10,000 tons displacement.
Germany, up to 1907, purposely built
battleships of a moderate displacement
—13,500 tuns; but the large advance in
ilr.e of the Dreadnought, and the par
tieulurities of its armament ami other
qualities compelled a radical chnnpe r,l
policy jn all naval states.    As soon as
rage woman has too little blood. II
nerves arc easily irritated; she worrie
uver little thing's; has severe headache
and backaches and is sick most of th
time. With the woman who uses Di
Williams' Pink Pills the condition I
different, She is ulway.s well, and thi
care of her children, or hcr household
duties, is a real pleasure. This is because i'i. Williams' Pink Pills enrich
the   blood   supplv  and   bring  bounteous
henltl I strength.   Hero is proof. Mrs.
Fanny Shepherd, (iirvin, Sask., says: "I
am the mother of a large family and
was worn out, weak ami irritable. 1
kept "oing to my doctor about every
six weeks, and he would give mo something "to keep me going n little longer." But it was like winding up a
clock, l soon got run down again, and
although life seemed hardly worth living. I did not wish to die because of
leaving my little children. I continued
like this for some years, but at last summoned up enough onergy to strike out a
new departure and got a supply of Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills, t barely hoped
they would help me, but to tny surprise,
before I had been taking them long 1
begau to reel like a dilferent woman.
r still continued taking the Pills for
snme time, and they made me hh well
and Htrong a.-- any woman need wish to
be. (lure more C would enjoy life llo.r
oughly, and have done so ever since. I
never med a doctor now, and everything soems bright and cheerful. I Bhall
always recommend  Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills to anyone who iu my opinio icda
ii ionic of any kind."
Bold by all medicino dealers or by
mail at GO cents a box or six boxes for
*2.fln. iron, The Dr. Williams' Medicine
Co., Brockville, Ont.
Sixteen Hummingbirds Killed and Sold
for a Penny
AMAZING figures showing the appalling havoc among beautiful birds
which are shot in thousands, and
in some places by the ton, to figure as
women's adornments, were given a few
days ago in a paper read by Mr. dames
Buckland at a meeting of the Koyal
Colonial Institute iu London,
Some idea of the exteut of the slaughter, he said, might be obtained by examining the catalogues of the London
feather sales, but the huge figures ia
these catalogues by no means sum up
the total loss of life, for the fancy
feathers, to be profitable to the trade,
have to be taken from the body of tiie
bird during the breeding season, and
the young birds aro left in the nests
to starve to death.
Among ornamental feathers assumed
for show during the courting season
the tail of the lyre-bird of Australia,
he said, was unequalled, but the bird
w:ts now so hunted that it would soon
become extinct. A few years ago over
-100 lyre-birds were killed in oue district in a single season to supply the
London plumage market, and it was a
fact of sinister import" that only fifty-
two tails have been catalogued this
year in the London feather snles
Tho plumed egret in Australia was
lieing similarly slaughtered. When the
attention of Parliament was called in
1898 to the fact that all egrets whicli
are killed for their plumes are shot
down at tlieir breeding-places, ami that
if the young have been hatched they die
of hunger, so strong a repulsion arose
nt such barbarity that tho following
ear the British Government Bubstltut-
;1 a new plume, not made of the feathers of the egret, for that previously
used for certain regiments of onr army.
Ity what subtle reasoning the Government was able to draw a nice distinction between the cruelty Involved in
wearing an egret in a cavalry ollicer's
busby and one in a woman's bonnet was
one of those exercises of the political
faculty which the crude intellect of the
man outside St. Stephen's was unable
to follow.
Mr. Buckland went on to describe the
bower birds' strange habit of building
playhouses in the shape of bowers,
which .they decorate with • llowers,
leaves, shells, and other embellishments,
according to species. In und about
these "runs," as they nre called in
Australia, the birds sport for hours together. But with the exception of the
lyre-bird, the Begent bower bird was
more sought nfter for its feathers than
any bird in Australia. Even in recent
times, skins of the Regent bower bird
were common in the London millinery
establishments, but the species was
rapidly becoming extinct. This month
21 were sold at the London feather
sales. They realized ls. 7d. per skin.
rto this ornithological wonder, not only
of Australia, but of the world, was to
be swept from the earth. And all for
what? Ono shilling and seven-pence per
So overwhelming has been the destruction of the humming birds ia the
West Indies, proceeded Mr. Buckland,
thnt certain species with a restricted
habitat have been swept out of existence nin. other species are at the point
of extermination. Take, for Instance,
those little nems known as " ruby-
throats," whloh once were common ob-
ts in certain parts of the West  In-
s. Writing from Trinidad on November 29, the head of the Crown  Lauds
Ofiice said that though ho had been iu
the island for nine years he had seou in
all that time but two ruby-throats. Now
the greeu humming birds are being
slaughtered, and at tho London feather
sales this mouth the skins of 1,(100 of
the birds were sold at one-sixteenth of a
penny per skin.
To show lhat tho same slaughter is
being carried out all over tho world, Mr.
Buckland next gave extracts from an
official report by tho United States Inspector of Birds and Animals on the bird
reservations established by the United
States Government in the mid-North,
During tho past few years I havo
visited all of tho low coral islands in
the North Pacific, and havo been appalled at the destruetion of tho birds ou
these islands by plume-hunters.
On Marcus Island a party had wiped
out of existence ouo of thc largost albatross colonies in these waters.
Fverywuere on Eastern Island great
heaps, waist high, of dead albatrosses
wero found. Thousands upon thousands
of both species had been killed with
clubs, the wing and breast feathers
stripped off to bo sold as hat trimmings,
and the carcases thrown in heaps to rot.
The same ollieinl reported the capture
of bird pirates on oue island with the
skins of .'100,000 birds, und on nnother
with 259,000 birds.
Mr. Buekland pressed home what a
crime this is to mankind, for "deso
late and lonely, indeed will Britons find
the ocean when there are nu mure al
batrosses." Ho showed, too, that tho
London trade in fancy feathors depends
largely on smuggled goods. India pro
hibits the export of the feathers, but
lhe slaughter of the birds continues, and
tho skins ure smuggled out of tho ports
in packages falsely declared to contain
"cow-hair," etc.
In conclusion he appealed for an Act
to prevent the sale or exchange of
plumes of officially "protected" birds.
That seemed the only way to stop the
plumage pirates' nefarious traffic.
IF you find your car is very noisy at-
it runs along the country roads, an
excellent method of deadening tht
sound is to cover your tires with n
heavy wrapping of red plush, r.f tht
kind used generally for the making of
drawing-room portieres. This will sorvf
the desired end, and, while it is expeu
sivc, it is less so than if you used Gobe
Iin tapestries for tho same purpose.
Tho attempt to overcome the tend
oncy to skid by attaching what is now
known ns tne Wellmau equilibrator tr
the end of your car, the samo consisting
of a long rope with six or seven tin
barrels of gasoline tied to the end of
it, is said to have resulted successfully
as far as skidding is concerned, but the
tendency of the rope to wind itself
around lamp-posts and treos en route it
su strong that it must bo overcome be
fore the attachment can be considered
entirely adapted to modern needs.
Eighteen lampposts and seven elm trees-
were uprooted during the lirst expert
ments before the demonstration wot
brought to a close.
An ingenious student of the uses of
by-products has, wo are informed, in
vented a thermos-bottle attachment t(
bo placed at the end of nny gnsoliur
car of modern model, whereby tht
hitherto wasted smell of the gasoline Id
the wake of motors can be caught and
preserved for subsequent unbottliug
and use in fur-storage warehouses, ic
place of camphor balls and other moth
destroying remedies, lt is claimed that
in uu ordinary run ol forty inilei
enough of this cun be stored iu a siuglt
bottle to provide protection for a singlt
warehouse floor containing au area of
sixty by two hundred and fifty-seven
One of the communities iu Maim
which has suffered considerably front
tbe excessive speed of visiting curs has
recently tried the experiment of sprink
ling tho highway with a mixture of
melted tnr aad molasses, having thc
consistency of ordinary mucilage. Tht
result has been not only that a turn
pike that was almost always covered by
a cloud of dust is uow entirely freo fron.
this nuisance, but alsu that the specdi
est cars, immediately after striking thil
particular stretch of road, are auto
matically slowed down, by the effect of
the action of the mixture upon the rub
ber tires, to less than two miles au houi
The ofi'ensive odors of the garage tt
those to whom thc smell of gasoline
and oil is a trial can be readily over
come by the simple expedient of ins tal
ling n small kitchen range at the renr.
and keeping two open pots upon thf
top thereof, iu which cauliflowers nrt
kept boiling all duy long over a slow
fire, lf cauliflowers are not easily ob
tainable, very much the same genera!
result can Inr obtained by taking oil" i>
single bil of the range and inserting tht
ud of an old woollen overcoat or !■
piece of rag carpet therein, taking cart
that the smoke that rises therefrom Bhall
md be restrained or diverted iu any wa\
up fhe chimney.
What to do with a last year's limou
sine top has seemi to be a vexatious
problem with a large number of ou'
corespondents who write to us for ad
vice. Much, of course, depends when
the owner lives. If he happens to be n
resident of the suburbs, the coupe to)
will make a very ornate and attractivt
chicken coop, or possibly a first-chis.-
kennel for dogs. Residents of cities
on the other hand, can easily have then,
made ovor into eases for their orua
mental china, or, if they live in apart
meut-houses, they can be fastened se
curely to the fire-escape at the front oi
rear and used for hothouses for wintei
plants. Four of them placed Bide b\
nide with the doors opening into eacl
other will suffice for an excellent sum
mer bungalow, the first being used ns ii
reception-room, tho second for a sleep
ing apa'ilmenl. the third for a dining
room, ami tho fourth for a kitchen.
For persons suffering from a torpid
liver, what is known as the Kangarot
car is likely to prove n groat blessing
The scheme of the cur is to huve four
wueels of different sizes, so that wher
motion the car will jolt the occu
pant from side to aide with a degret
of violence dependent entirely upou tin
speed attained. These motors, should
however, be handled with extreme care
lest, gf.ing nt too high n rate of speed
the occupant bo thrown out. with tin
great likelihood of suffering interna'
injuries which are even more dnngerouf
ban the inactive organ whose short
comings they are designed lo overcome
On general principles, the Kungnnvt
should not be driven faster thnn thirty
miles nn hour, particularly over rougl
In a New York Court
WHEN I Inquired the wuy to thc
New York Domestic Relations
Court the wayfarer told mo with
embarrassing promptness that it was a
court for women only, and for women
who hud boen deserted by their bus-
bauds, Mon who hud beon deserted,
beaten, or otherwise maltreated by their
wives should apply—well, my Informant
really did uot know where they should
apply. Personally he did not believ
that any provision had been made for
thorn and, being a bit uf a philosopher,
he added that to bo deserted by one's
wife was hardly a matter of commiseration, but rather for envy. He did
not use these vory words, having a tend
ency toward a vernacular profanity, but
that is what he meant. Having thus
shed some gentle and unsolicited ilium
Ilia tlon upon his own domestic difficulties, he assumed au air id' scornful seep
ticism toward my UBSurunees that my
motives wero those of curiosity only,
but he directed mc nil tke same, and
left, mc with a comradely assurance that
it wus best to leavo well alono.
The Domestic .Relations Court was established at the instigation of a philanthropist who was laboring under the
"bring them together" delusion. Iti
cognizing that there wus a vast amount
nf marital disagreement—not to say
venomous hatred—he argued that if
suinc just judge of experience, sympathy
and tact woro empowered to reason
sweetly with defaulting spouses and to
point out the error of thoir ways a ro
conciliation would often be the result,
('uses of obduracy could be met. by the
iron hand without the velvet glove,
while to crown the edifice thero should
be a womnn probntion officer, who would
use the wiles of her sex to follow up
the heavy artillery of the bench. On
tho whole it was rather a gorgeous idea,
but of courso the "bring them together" theory was just pure unadulterated
foolishness. These people at the Domestic Holntions Court don't want to
be brought together. What thoy want
for the most pnrt is to be explosively
separated aud kept separated by armor-
plating und reinforced concrete.
Kvery day about forty women apply
to Judge Harris at this remarkable
court. The husbands are usually there,
too, not from choico, but from necessity,
nud it is evident enough that many of
these wretched men are finding the first
chance of their murriod lives to got "a
word in edgeways." Bot. put out of
your minds all sentimental ideas, all
vapid gush about misunderstood lives,
or incompatibilities that have hardened
iuto estrangements. Nothing of the sort.
Nine out of ten of these complaints have
their source in a selfish brutality upou
tho oue side or the other that almost
defies comprehension. Nine out of ten of
these desertions and grievances simply
show that one party or the other has
never known even a glimmering souse
of duty, hns nover ror one moment
broken away from a crude nnd bestial
sidf-interest. And the women nro
uad as the men, for while desertion or
ill treatment are capable of definite
and concrete statement ami complaint
(ho inferno of incompetence and nag
ging that precede them can not be so
stated or presented.
Take, for example, one ease. Here is
a woman who complains that her hus
band is about to desert her. She is a
large, stern, and uncompromising looking female. He is a small, nervous, uud
sickly male with a cough. Only Providence knows why he married her, but
perhaps he could not run very fast. He
has come to the court with her by
judicial order, but she could, and doubtless would, have brought him anyway.
Her complaint of intended desertion is
specific and definite uud, Heaven help
her, she has no shadow of a doubt of
the justice of her cause and she states
it  defiantly, stridently.
The husband is apparently surprised
at being asked for his version, and still
more tit being allowed to give it without interruption by the dragoness who
confronts him, but being reassured by
the judicial trappings, he speaks up like
a little mnn. He works in a sweatshop
and his health has given way. The doctor tells him that h's days are numbered unless he can get. into the country,
md he has been so lucky as to find a job
in New Hampshire ami at good pay. He
will probably recover under better conditions, but the lady refuses to leave
New Vork. She likes the city nnd she
has her friends and she will uot go.
That is all there is to if. She will md
go. She does not dispute her husband's
statements. Indeed,   sho   assents   to
Ihem, but why should she be forced to
leavo the city agaiust her will? Never
in her life has she done anything
airainsl her will, and she veritably
trembles with ludlgnut " nt the
thought, and looks oonlideullv to the
judge for vindication uud for ibe un
leashing (rf Uie legal thunders against
the poor, cough ing little miscreant
whom she has arraigned. Imagine such
a woman. Ilow interesting il would be
to examine her phrenological depnrtment or to speculate upon the ossification of her alleged soul. Bnt never
mind about that. The judge speaks to
her in the language umlerstunded by
the people, and slu1 retreats twittering
with bewilderment, perplexity, nud in
dignation. But what will happen to
that poor, abject, shivering mouse when
she gets him in the private sanctities
of their apartment house! And he has
no Domestic Relations Court to go to,
nr.r will she ever desert him. Not while
she lives.
Now take another case. This time the
complainant is a little gray-haired woman, labor-worn and toil-stained. The
husband is a son of Anak and with thc
sweetly winning ways of a rhinoceros.
She is his second wife, nml she has devoted herself for yoars to the training
and enro of his two daughters. Now
she is deserted, her husband and the
girls having gone to another part of the
city and forbidden her to follow them.
Imagine wanting to follow such a high-
smelling trio, but then what can she do?
So the husband, as before, is asked
what he has to say for himself, and he
peaks ont frankly from the bottom of
his base, black heart. "Well, your honor, ynu see she's getting old " He
does uot, know thut this is not a valid
excuse, for why should he live with a
woman   who   is   no   longer   attractive j
morcly becauso she happens to bt kit
wifof Ho would have finished tho teu
tence, but hu happens to catch a glimpue
of the judgo's eye, aud tho human eye
can be so much im.ro eloquent, than tht
human tongue. He is not ashamed, fot
ho has not yet reached that point in
evolution, a point to which molt dog>
have attained, where shame bttomob
possible, but. he hus n vague feeling that
for somu renson tho judge disapprove*
of him. Had he gone on he would have
doubtless explained that his smart
daughters did nut wish to associate with
thc shabby little woman who had given
her life for them. It would have been
no good to talk to them. It would bn ab
intelligent as to disOUBS vegeturianiwn
with a tiger, or toilet porfumos with B
Somewhere or other we find that the
love of money is ut the root of all thest
evils, which, nfter all, is but u fulfill
meat of scriplure. A good mnny ef tht
wives woro earning their own living be
fore marriage and now they find that
they no longer have the pocket, money
that they were used to. Duty, Self
sacrifice? Not a bit of it. They huvt
never heurd of such things. Vou might
as well talk to them of tho binominal
theorem or of equations. In most ease*
you lind'a husband or a wife who ia ab
aolutely hen rt less, wholly selfish, nun
with not so much conscience uh tht
boasts thut. perish. These proceeding*
really ought to be held in camera. There
are some sights that it is not good tu
see, and some odors thnt ought, not to bf
smelled, and tho worst sights and th*
worst odors are often beyond tho icopt-
of the criminal law. They constitute
a sort of legal depravity far worse than
anything within the code. It is fortu
nate that they are so rarely sensationn!
and that there is little in the Domestic
Relations Court to stimulate tho jaded
appetites of a surfeited public,
TUK Hydrographic Burenu is alwayf
interested iu ondenvors to aBcer
lain, bv means of bottlo messages.
information ns to the movements of
the oceans. These bottles contain pa
pers that have been dropped overboard
from vessels in many places, to drift nt
the mercy of the winds and waves
Knowing from Iheir records where
the bottles had been thrown overboard,
the bureau has bcen able to trace, in a
general way, the path they must have
followed in order to reach the places
where Ihey were found, in one report
alone there were published tho ad ven
hires of over one hundred bottles.
Being partially filled with air and
then securely corked, the bottles Uoat
on the surface of the wator, and go
wherever the wind and the current, of
tho sea carry them. finch bottlo eon
tnlns u record of the place and tho date
of its starting. Some of these found
have floated for many months, nnd
sometimes years, on the bosom of the
ocean, and have travelled thousands of
It has been found thnt bottles* drop
pod overboard between the shores of
the United States and Englund nr
France generally travel toward the
northeast, following the course of that
great river in the Atlantic Ocean called
the Gulf Stream. Bottles started off
the coasts of S|hiin and Africa travel,
ns a rule, westward until they arrive
among the West Indian Islands. Along
lho European side of the ocean the bot
ties tnkp a southerly course, aud along
the American side a northerly course.
It thus appears, as a result of wind*
and currents, ihnt the whole Atlantic
Ocean is slowly circulating round and
round, like uu enormous pool. This
accouuts for the stories that wore current, in Europe hundreds of years ago
of strangs objects of human nianufac
ture having finnled from the New to the
Old World, thus giving a clue to the
existence of undiscovered lands bayond
the sea.
SlIHI-.P farmers who realize the great
difficulty attending the use of ar
si-nic aud sulphur in their dipping
operations will doubtless be interested
a new dip which has bcen roiently
evolved. Many efforts have been mnde
to secure an efficient means of dissolving crude arsenic ami sulphur in the deo
duri/iug liquid, but without success,
with the result that dipping could only
be carried out in an irregular manner
Recently, however, a process haw heen
Invented whereby the arsenic and sul
phur are readily dissolved, and in such
n manner that when they are mixed with
the tn" acids a very powerful non cer
rosive disinfectant is obtained.    Ii  is
stated tha1, this specialty being much
stronger than any othi»r type of non
corrosive deodorizer—it is from four to
five times as powerful as th*1 di llufer
taut usually employed—only a much
smaller quantity need be used at a tune,
so that the dipping operation can bt
curried out far more cheaply ns well as
Because they nre the only medicine
which gives the guarantee of a Govern
ment analyst to contain no opium, mor
phine or other harmful narcotic. Thit
means the mother can give this modi
cine to hor youngest bnby with abso
lute snfety. Thousands of mot hers
know this and will give no other modi-
cine to their little ones. The Tablete
cannot do harm—(hey always dn good
When the little one has a'cold; baby
indigestion; colic; when he has worm's
or his teeth nre troubling him. Baby's
Own Tablets will prove their worth.
Concerning Ihem Mrs. E, M,errutin,
Shetland, Oni.. writes; "I use Baby's
Own Tablets for my three little ones
and consider them the very best medl
I'iue during thn teething period. The
Tablets are sold at 28 cenls. a box b\
all medicine dealers or direct from The
Williams' Medicine Co.. Brockville.
" _j-...',,\**Mvt>*m*w~s&-m- t.iii.t%tiim.'j:*vrTumiam■■mwi
HOW we fly to our furs at the first nip In the nir, und
' how plcnsod we nro to twine thom around us, however unwelcome winter may be in other respects! It
n vary much a case of "twining" just now, for tho fur
stoles, probably to compete with the muffs, ure getting wider
t-A wider. The stole we considered ample a year agu seems
insignificant now, aud lhe muff we considered immense a
■«r» pigmy. A girl I kuow has freshened her last winter's
set meat cleverly. The edges of her stole and muff had
■uflttml, and so she bethought herself of giving to both of
Hfcem a harder of really marvellous imitation Persian lamb.
Ntfc tnly are stole anil mull' now wider, but  infinitely su-
Blue Satin Tailor Gown
poriwr in ell'ect. 1 have an idea that the suit of fur, a thing
ftfMuer heen in Paris than iu London, mlghl be evolved
rather well from fabrics which simulate furs or that n suit
at', *,ay, volvetoon might be trimmed wilh imitation Persian
lamb, or mole cloth with the equally wonderful imitation
Then, to talk of costly things, have you noticed how
very much the element of design is entering into thc com-
piuMiioa of the lur set, how an oriniue set is almost suru to
he cunningly planned with borders of skunk, fox, or oven
miclesLiin? Apropos ut this, very soft and charming ia tho
union of tailless ermine ami smokod fox. Admirable, too
in tho merging of ermine and moleskin, but not so effective
».* whei the bordering fur is of Ibe fluffy long-haired do
sociption. Another new aud delightful idea is the using
oFwhite and black luxskins together. A very notable
had tke muff of black fox, bordered each side wilh white,
and iu the stole the white fox skins crossed from shoulder
ta shoulder at the back. Thc sable stole, an item pow only
to he bought by the wealthy, is still occasionally made wide
eu the shoulder after lhe pelerine idea, bul i.s more often
arranged as a long, wide and straight scarf, ami is frequent-
ly third with ermine. The tails with whicli formerly the
•able slide was profusely adorned are now relegated to the
«ndi ef the stole, whilst the oriniue lining, if there be oik
Will probably have its tails also reserved to decorate th
audi ouly, whero they are sewn flat on the fur. This i
altogether a good idea, in my opinion, as 1 have uever thoughi
mm mio tails dangle successfully, Wilh regard to the I ur
trimming of coats, apart from the fur set, have you noticed
kuw popular is The "high to the neck" build of coat linish-
6d wiih a dose, cosy line of fur ut the thn.at i Scvernl of
Mi* relvot suits 1 have seen have this cosy, plcturosquo
lunch. Indeed, what with big mulls aud slides, ami hats that
lik« » helmet, protect thc whole head, cosiness forms a cuu
Tpinm.ua featuro of the present-day fashions.
An evening eoat that I admirod was of Persian blue
oharmQUBO, and had, right up tu tha chin, a line uf chi
shHla, which was. of course, echoed at the wrist, and massi
motifs of chinchilla gray embroidery fastening the coat to
the tide. I am much enamored of the motif matching the
fur, although it is not at the moment a conspicuous feature.
Many of tbe fur and velvet coats aro also cut high to the
neck' with generally a side fastening, this giving Ihem some
thing of the Russian air, especially when the line of fur
weirding lhe coat is carried down to border tho double
lireaBted effect and is finished with lovely buttons, or else
©sessional square motifs to serve the same end. Fashion will
eeeasionnlly indulge iu extremes, and many of the loug
seats havo long, bold, draped revors. The "happy medium'
in at the moment conspicuous by its absence whore details
arc concerned, these in many cases being daring, even when
Ue principal garment is governed by lho spirit of moderation. A girl who garbs herself in a decurous suit of sorgo,
whiuh ia sufficiently roomy in tho skirt to permit her to walk
anally, will throw over it n monstrously big fur set, will wear
aa immensely wide hat, and will carry a handbag dangling
from extraordinarily long, plaited cord handles which indeed
permit of the bag being slung over the shoulder to tuke
care of itself.
N       «        H
Though the leading Paris dressmakers and milliners
launch the majority of their season's models at the begiu-
niu«\of the spring and autumn, tlieir fertile brains aro constantly creating ■ some new'surprise for us throughout lhe
fi*ar. We notice overy fresh attempt on lho. part of these
jfltptrtant pstnbl'Phmnph o'tbor nt the rfleei hml miW
Aatttg rinks or at tht afternoon bridgo, receptions and dress
rehearsals, Of late, a novel arrangement, of jet for ovening
wear has uomo to tho fore, and I noted tho revival of jot
trimmings and tunics, a fashion that has been discarded
sinco tho last twolvo or fourteen' months. But a skilful
Paris couturier has again introduced the Bpanglod and
fringed tunic, and, judging from the wny this mntorial is
now adopted, there is every reason to believe that jot. will
unco moro become Ilrst favorite. Tho dress thnt created
somewhat of a sensation at this particular dress rehearsal
was in cerise Liberty satin veiled with pink inousseline do
soie. The muslin was covered iu its turn with the fringed
jot, tunic. Tho novel effect here consisted of n gold tullo
scarf fringed with gold bends draped around the figure a la
Carmen. In this manner one side of the black nnd pink
bodico wns not veiled with tho gold. Tho eombiuntion of
theso four thin niaterinls in dilteront colorings was ox-
A frock 1 snw tho othor duy was of chnrmeuso right
nway down to a point midway between the knee and the
instep, whence it. was bordored with black velvet headed
by skunk. Worthy of no>e, too, is nn all-in-one frock of
white crepo do chine, striped with blnck velvet, bordered
from a little below the knees with plain black velvet, this,
of course, repeated on tho bodice. Then the exclusive couturier is blending Ottoman silk and velvet, a blending ouo
might expect to bo heavy if it- were not for the extreme
simplicity and skimpiness of the build of both frocks nnd
tailor suits nt tho moment. A frock of dnrk green Ottoman
silk wns bordered with dnrk green velvet, and owned a coat
of iho velvet with skunk bordering tho base of tho sleoves
and outlining tho neck. The coat wns cut high in the double-
breasted fashion, n characteristic of which I havo a word
to sny. This making of a coat high to the neck, whieh 1
have noticed in both tailor suits and big evening coats, is
another instance of the desire to get away from the expected, lu the latter caso I consider it a very sensible movo
and a reform as well, the result being most becoming when
the tour do cou Is of chinchilla or ermine. Failing fur, I
have known a velvet, a satin, or even a cloth coat, finished
bv a stole cravat of the throw-over kind, made of tho fabric
BreitsohwantB Jacket and Velvet Gown
of the cloak. That the ends were prettily fringed ami weight
oil will go without Baying. This high-to Ihe-neck build lias
a pleasant harmony of line with tho side fastening that one
sees iu so many of the newest couts. A very pielty coat
of black velvet, which its owner is using for both day and
evening, is trimmed with natural gray opposum. Fastouing
high to the neck, with just such a stole as J have dos'.rlbed
of the opposum, the coat is double-breasted, but from the
waist wraps so much to the left that the fastening is as
far around as tho side line of the figure. The fastening consists of a row of good-sized braided buttons over which slip
loops of rat-tall, reaching to the base 'of the coal. It is
lined with satin in a lovely shade of pink, almost salmon,
and around tho edge of this lining runs n plait of silver
liussinn braid, a very pretty finish. Another means by
which exclusive fashion strikes a dill'erent nute is the substituting of crepe satin for the ordinary kind. 1 am not at
all suro that the crepe satin is as beautiful ns the plain, but
it is a change and more expensive, and therefore nut so
accessible to all. 1 saw a rather good coat nnd skirt recently in black crepe satin, Imt I attributed most of its
elegance to the very slim figuro of its wearer.
A plague of snails on tho coast of Ceylon is assuming
serious proportions. Millions of snails nre to be found, nml
somo of them weigh as much ns a pound. Thc snails have
begun feeding on the ynnh'fl enennnu* hone ntid it is feared
tbat they may attack the young rubber trees.
WHY do so many women fail to realize that at no other timo are
their   boots  and   underskirt  so
dainly.ia evidence ob in outdoor exercises and sports?
It is a matter for surprise that a woman who understands the need of a special skirt and coat of somo sort for the
open air does uot grasp tho fact that
her boots aro of tho greatost importance,
and her uudorskirt, if Bho wears one,
scarcely less so.
Tho woman who knows what is lit will
seloct a plain, substantial boot, black or
tan, dull-finished, waterproof, with sensible heels and laced, for her walks or
sports. The high heel, the bright finish,
the buttoned closing, nro all ont of place
on the boot intended for strouuouB wear.
This boot should bo of a conservative.
standard make, and rigidly destitute of
any "fancy" features of "stitching and
style. Its laces Bhould always look
strung ami new, and tho frayod, knotted shoestring should novor bo tolerated. Have alwaya at hand a bunch of
now airings, whether black or brown,
and thon the sudden break which so often happens in tho process of lacing will
nover find you unfurnished. Keep the
heels absolutely straight by frequent
trips to the repairer's, and always dr,\
wet boots over trees that lit them. Thfs
will keep them in good shape, tind you
will find that your care will amply repay you, for well-cared-for boots wear
long aud look well until completely worn
out. When you buy your boots, ask the
salesman's advice about dressing for the
leather, and follow it, for people who
handle leather all the timo aro vory
wise about its proper treatment.
An astonishing number of mon observe, in the minutest fashion, women's
foot aud how they aro shod. Do not
bo found wanting when you como under
scrutiny in that respect, and rcmomber
that whilo tho defects of house shoes
may pass unobserved under long skirts,
the short skirts and free movement of
open-air lifo throw the feot into great
For the outing underskirt it is woll
worth while to go to some troublo nnd
expenso for tho fascinating effect of a
pretty flounce that appears and disappears in the quick motions of skating,
country walking, etc., is a distinct element of feminine eliann, Of courso, for
rain tho underskirt should bc durable,
and of a material that could stand a
visit to tho tub, if necessary, to remove
all stain of mud. But the fait; weather
outdoor skirt has a different purpose and
can therefore havo different materials
and stylo.
A silk ot sateen foundation, mnde
perfect-fitting on the new close-fit linos,
will do away with all unsightly bunches
of strings, A material of silky surface
will be found more practical becauso
tho heavy outdoor skirt slides aud
hangs easily over it. The jersey-top petticoats aro not good for this purpose because tho skirt sticks to their rough
fibres. Of course, if the jerBoy top is
woven of silk, that would mako it all
right for the garment now under consideration, ,
Mako your skirt knee-length, on the
modified habit-back pattern, but wide
enough for tho freest motions. Thou
mako or buy ono of the now adjustable
flounces that can be had in so many
charming colors nnd effects, and put it
onto the body of your skirt with the
clever little drawstring. Presto I Your
little plain, simply-made petticoat be
comes at once a garment of'charm and
distinction. A clever woman who can
make her own simpler clothes can easily
construct this underskirt for herself,
and if she makes or buys several of the
new adjustable flounces sho can keep
her outing underskirt iu perfect harmony with the touch of color she shows
at waist or neck or in her outing hat
or cap. There is an indescribable look
of refinement and "class" about the
woman who shows taste and fastidiousness throughout ber entire wardrobe.
Bear iu mind that clothes themselves
can bo aither attrnctlve or repellent.
Ther.' is no need of having any but the
former kind.
rpHK Knglish women design and wear
JL their outing clothes better than
any other women ia the world, so
a cosmopolitan observer has declared.
The reason is not far to seek. No other
civilized women live out of doors ns
much as they do. They walk aud ride,
drive and motor with their menfolk;
they shoot and fish, play tenuis, golf
and hockey, go mount aiu-cli ml dug in
Ihe summer and skating and ski-ing iu
'inter, and naturally the Knglish tailors
and outfitters have seen to it that appropriate aud becoming clothes can be
furniihed for all these activities. The
Knglish   climate   requires n protecting
Mrs. Hoary J. Jacques Found a Speedy
Relief for All Hor Troubles, and Now
Enjoys tho Bost of Health
St. ltose du Luc, Man.—(Special)—
That Heart Hisease is one of the results
of disordered Kidneys, and is consequently easily cured by Dodd's Kidney
Pills, is the experience of Mrs. Henry J,
Jacques of this place.
"My heart troubled me nil the time,"
suid Mrs. Jacques in an interview,
" And I know what terrible results
might follow. The fact that my limbs
would swell and my bnck ache led me
to believe that I also suffered from
Kidney Disease, so 1 determined to try
Dodd's Kidney Pills. I bought four
boxes, and beforo t hud finished thc
third box tne swelling wns gone, my
back wus well, anil my heart no longer
troubled me. I am now in the best
of health, nnd I owe it all to Dodd's
Kidney Pills.''
Heart Disease is one of lhe troubles
that como from unhealthy Kidney
They fail to strain the impurities out
of the blood, und Ihose' impurities are
bound to alteet, the heart, which is the
engine that propels the blond through
the body. To curo Heart Disease cure
the Kidneys with Dodd's Kidney Pills;
to prevent Heart Disease keep the Kid
tievs tonen up and healthy by using
Dodd'8 Kidnoy Pills.
Winchester Repeating Shotguns an
not only safe to shoot, but ture to
shoot. They we easy to load or no-
load,easy to take down or put together,
and strong and reliable in every
way. That's why the U. S. Ordnance
Board endorsed them as being sate,
sure, strong and simple. Over 450,000
satisfied sportsmen are using them.
Stick to 1 Wlnehoter aad Yoa Wool Get Stick
Wtiwhiitir tit., tat Wt-tkutir Amauniaam-a. Iw IBf
Sramt-mn Mats hr Iut Otlwr aai S m_ lnr~imn WW
•    e    •    e    e    •
garment, Knglish sport calls for a durable garment, and the English woman,
herself the last and most important factor, insists on a becoming garment, and
the result is a combination of excellencies in the clothes themselves that placo
them among the very best. ,
Thero is one characteristic of the Continental and tho English woman, too,
that is distinctly refreshing to tho American observer—they never follow any
stylo in thc almost sheep-liko fashion
that so often makes ono particular thing
a perfect "craze" throughout tho United States, so that wherever ono goes,
north, south, east or west, nil the women nppear to have subscribed to one
one single fashion book nnd to havo
scrupulously obeyed its dictates,
Tho English woman does otherwise. If
the popular make of sweater doesn't
suit her, she calmly disregards it and
belts herself into a becoming Norfolk
jacket that reveals all her most feminine curves. She has never neglected the
Tam-o'-Shantor cap, which in America
has been given over to childhood, and
she still wears it on her yacht, on the
moors, on the links. She will not bo deprived of the convenience of pockets in
her outing clothes, nnd insists on having them in her coat aud skirt. Sho
sonaibly wcurs thick outing boots that
protect her feet from the wet, und hor
waterproof skirt will withstand a heavy
rain. Underneath this outing skirt sho
wears in winter tho warm knit "knickers," ns she calls the knee-length divided garment that enables her to dispense
with all troublesome underskirts. All
hor outing things, foT 'travel, for bad
weather aud for sports are most carefully planned, uud she never makes the
profound esthetic mistake of allowing
any silly attempt at mere prettinpss in
an outdoor article that the first bad
day or hnrd dny would, she knows perfectly well, reduce to a pitiful rag,
There seems to be no good reason why
tho American woman should not adopt
the good points of tho Knglish woman's
wardrobe and make thom all her own
in her own charming way. Then we
should see no more of walking boots
with high heels or trimmed sweaters—
heaven deliver us—anil similar offences
againBt fitness and good taste. The
style and finish of a garment should naturally come from the nature of its material and its destined use. This is especially true of outing clothes.
A SUPPLY of water is essential to
the health of all farm animal.:,
lt ahould be at thoir disposal nil
the time. But as this is not possible
while the animals are at work, certain
restrictions Bhuuid be exercised in the
case of working animals. This is especially necessary in the caso of the
liorse, because his stomach is smaller in
proportion to his size than of the other
domestic animals, and as a consequence
he is more liable to Buffer from digestive
troubles than are ruminants, in the case,
of tho stomach being overloaded with
water or anything else. A great variety
of opinions is expressed as to just how,
when aud where horses should get their
water; some men will water befoie feeding, some after, aiul some will allow a
liorse all the water he wants and others
will restrict him. And each thinks he
hns the best, plan, and as men of all
those opinions will show line, healthy*
looking horses us the result of their
treatment, it would almost lead an uninterested observer to think it didn't
make much difference what plan was
adopted. However, a study of the health
of animals as related to water seems to
point strongly to tho theory that in older to give a  horse lhe best possible
chat f digesting his food he should
get his water first and the solid part of
his food afterward.
Horses Bhould be watered before
breakfast. It will probably take some
time and trouble to educate them to do
this, as most horses will refuse in drink
lill after being fed. A liltle persevor*
ance, however, will accomplish it all
right ami the owner will be repaid for
his trouble by the increased thrift of
his horses. '1 hev will make a bettor use
of the fond Ihey cot, will not be so likely to suffer from digestive troubles, and
be in all round better condition.
Thero are two reasons for this: Pirst-
ly, the water which a horse drinks remains only for a verv short time in the
stomach, but is soon washed back into
the Intestines, As a consequence if a
liorse (after having eaten a hcarly
meal) is (riven a drink of water, a considerable portion of the food which he
ate will bo pushed into th,> Intestines
with the water, and Ihnt much food will
bo lost to tae purpose for which it was
intended, viz., the nourishment of the
body. And, secondly, not only are those
particles of food lost, but they are quite
liable lo derange the healthy action of
tho intestines by setting up colic, some
form of indigestion or diarrhoea. On
the other hand, waen a liorse has had
his water first nnd his solid food afler,
by the time he has eaten only a small
part of his breakfast the water will alt
liavo passed oil ont of lhe stomach, no
solids wil! hare beeu washed out and
the digCBtivo fluids will have a much
better eh'cce to'do their work nronor-
ly than if diluted with a quantity of
The most obstinato cons and warts
fail to resist Eolloway's Corn Owe, Try
water, lt is always proper tt let a
horse have a little water after his Meal,
too, but if he has taken a gttd drink
before his meal Im will not take very
much after it.
It in uol wise to allow a very fchirsty
horso all tho water ho will driik, either
before or after a severe work tr after
feeding. If a horse has done some very
heavy work from which he is excessively wearv ho should not be allowed much
water till he has rested a while. Give
him a little, aud after an hoar tr two
of rest give him all he wants. It is
ulso bad prnetieo to put a horse te aiy
severe exercise, such as fust driving o'r
moving heavy loads, immediately after
having taken a hearty drink, heotase
tho engorged stomach is prcstUg ftr-
ward against tho lung space >ei crowding the lungs to such aa extent that
they cannot properly perform their natural functions. This is especially noticeable in tho caso of a horse with
heaves. Such un animal should (if at
all possible) bo watered often aid tnly
a littlo at a time; or course, a fall driak
always to be allowed at night,
A horse is seldom too warm tt water.
Ho may be sweating very freely tod
yet not bo so very much heated; ke certainly is not likely to bo so very hot
as to render it dangerous to allow him
at least a littlo wator. It is a very
cruel thing to put a thirsty home im the
stall and compel! him to munch his kiy
nud onts wliile bis mouth and throat
nro parchea with thirst and his whtie
system crying out, for water. It May
bc laid down as u rule that a htrse doing any kind of ordinary wtrk under
ordinary conditions is not tot hot to
water oven though he may be sweating
freely. This is especially tho mm if
the animal has been used to it. If a
farmer in the spring mouths itarts to
water his team when they come in to
dinner from the fields, even though they
bo a littlo wnrm, he need havo nt fear
wheu summer comes if he briign them
in some not day from tlio bieder apparently quite warm to let them have
all the water they want. Of cttirse, exceptions to this rule may occur; • litUe
discretion is desirable in everything, but
farm horses are not too hot tt water
nearly as often as many horsn ewners
quickly slops coutl	
the tlirortt nud lua^«
cures colds. In :tl{
li.j 'fill.
Age is no barrier tu the weudrrful,
soothing, healing properties »f QIN<
PILLS, the great (auadian Kidney
Cure. We have on record mauy letters
from men and women of lib, 65, 70 75,
80 and over, testifying to the great relief thev received from taking (UN
.Mr. Samuel Marl in of Strnthrty. Oat.
suffered for twenty years with misery
in his back. Some months *go, be
tried GIN PILLS and after takLng only
three Ijoxoh. wus entirely cured. Mr.
Martin is now 85 years of age and
eajovs the robust health of n vigorous
man of sixty, thanks tn (JIN  Pltd,H.
All elderlv peoplo are troubled, more
or less, with Kidney and Madder
Trouble, ami pain and weakies* ia the
back, (UN' PILLS uie a guaranteed
cure for all these misfortunes, Money
promptly refunded if they fail to giv*>
complete satisfact Ion.
ode. a box—0 for $2.80. Sasiile box
free if you writ" ns, mi ntionh.g this
paper. \:.t imial Drug and Chemical
Co.,  Dept.   P.P., Toronto.
Spavin Core
« t—n, %-vriMUtSi«»*C%r* hM HtmOr ■»■*
uUhnu ef *•*%— lv tent s—mn.
ft U Uw on* -mtmlf *—4 mm ttw_T* te t^Mfci
Af |»4 fnr MM M fr* teMt
K~p KencUl.'>»t*v*tea47. «.»»
• t>a WhM /« wtj mi r—r 4mWi, c-tnpr
tf «W bnnk "A Tn_.Uet Ub Tte UeewT-Ke tn*
-m wttt* ui ir |
»&. B. j. KENDUL €•„ tM*trf tiIU. ft
Published  every  Saturday  at  Cumberland,  B.C.,  by
Ohmo.vd T. Smithe,
Editor and Proprietor.
Adv»rtiaiog rates published elsewhere in the paper.
Subscription priee (1.50 per year, payable in advance.
The editor doea not hold  himself responsible for views expressed by
Comox, B.G. ==
Sra frontages and farming land for sale
SATURDAY, MARCH 11,  1911.
What the Editor has to say.
The report of the Chairman of the Board of Works at
the last Council meeting is such as to afford abundant food
for thought on the part of the citizens.
The report made to the Council was to the effect that the
existing sewers in the City are in a very bad state of
repairs, in fact they are in many cases so bad that repair is out
of the question; nothing but absolute renewal will do.
In addition to this, several portions of the town have no
sewers of any kind, and this will of course have to be attended
to without delay.
The City's finances too, are like the sewers, in a bad way,
and to even repair the sewers we have will be quite impossible
out of the current revenue, and a Sewer Loan will in any event be necessary.
This being so, it is necessary for us to consider whether it
would be wise to do anything of the kind for work that is, at
bjst, a makeshift.
The Council has acted wisely in instructing the Board of
Works to go more fully into the question and report at an ear
ly date as to the probable cost of this patch work, so that all
the facts and figures in connection with the work might be
laid Wore the people together with the figures for the installation of an up-to-date flush closet system.
For the latter we have been promised $9000 by the Pro
vincial Government, and we have been positively assured that
this is the last time that the City will have a chance to refuse
this generous grant—it is now or never.
We will have more to say on this question when the report of the Board of Works is presented.
The news that J. H. Hawthornthwaite M.P.P., is to forsake the Provincial political arena to take up the management
of a mine will be generally regretted by men of all shades of
political opinion, as it is not necessary to be a Socialist to recognize the ability and usefulness of that gentleman in the Legislature.
The Victoria "Week" is usually accurate in its statements
but we would be neither surprised or sorry to learn that it
was mistaken in this instance.
When political bedfellows fall out and start writing to
the newspapers the general public often gets possession of some
valuable information.
Ralph Smith's letter on the Jardine question proved valuable as disclosing a disgraceful state of aflairs so far as the Dominion Government's patronage system in this province is concerned.
We always knew that government money wns handed out
to political heelers and grafters in a disgraceful manner, but
we were not aware that the patronage graft was quite so rotten as Mr. Smith's writings would seem to prove.
In an effort to throw mud on his one time political ally,
Mr. Smith has let the light of day in on some Liberal political
secrets that it would have been better for that party to have
kept in the dark.
The Saanich Liberal Association has disbanded owing to
the raw deal that the Laurier outfit has handed out to that
Although Smith is loosing his supporters his political fences are in a little better condition thau the Hon. Bill Temple-
In Smith's district there are still a few Grits left to disband, but in Comox-Atlin the species Liberal has become practically extinct owing to the continued neglect of the district's
interests by Mr. Templeman.
The only way that either of the gentlemen could ever get
lmck to Ottawa is to get into the political rubbish pile, the
Canadian Senate before the next Dominion election.
Not the Cheapest, but the Best
Catalogue Free
Vancouver Island Nursery Co.,
Somenos, V.I.
will    deliver   a
"The Signs of the Times"
Sunday. 12tfr M-?e\_ at 3 p.m.
Cumberland Hall
Jluspices of tfee Socialist Party of Canada
All welcome
Ladies invited
15 Round Glove Contest
J. Thompson
of Cumberland
Kid Vinson
of Australia
for the Bantamweight
Championship of Canada
Ringside $1.50   First 4 Rows $\
General Admission 50c.
4 «
Are you
If not
who is ?
In either case yoa should be interested in this
$100 LOTS
Bought 5 years ago itt the Divisional towns qf Edmonton,
Calgary, Swift Current. Moot?.,lam, und Jtegina, on t'm
Canadian Pacific Railway are today
The same profitable investment is offered you today by buying
one or mor centraltty lots in thn Grand Trunk Pacific Divisional towns of Watrous Melville Wainwright Bigger and
$io down and $10 per month secures you
a $ioo lot ir. any of these rapidly growing
It will more than pay you to investigate with—
at the Cumberland Hotel
Carrying a full line of the very best
and Jewellery
Also a
The present owner is making lots
of money, but will sell at a sacrifice
on account of
Will sell on the buyers own terms
The building and lot are also for
sale cheap, or will rent on reasonable terms
Fall particulars may be learned
by communicating with
••  M H
M" The Islander Office
First Shipment of Sring Curtain Muslins
 Just Arrived	
New and Dai ty Designs at very moderate prices
FROM 15o TO 75 PER YD.
Laee Curtains We bare ao exceptionally floe
showing of tbese from 40c to 10.00 per pair S&W™
Rug Fringes in many colors at 16c per yd.
Chenille & Tapestry Curtains
and Table Covers
The Well-Known STAUNTON LINES at -aj price.     The Best
Assortment at the mosl moderate prices in town.
and secure what you require
before the range is broken
Simon Leiser
& CO. LTD.
■"SWtf""*; IE. O. EIM^E
The Russell
The only Car Made
in   America   with
the "Silent Knight
Valveless Engine,"
Also made in valve
. . . style . . .
Cleveland, Brantford, Massey-Harris, Perfect and Blue Flyer Bicycles ; Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines; also the Moore Gasoline
Lighting Systems. Oliver Typewriters. Repairing ofall kinds.
Bieycles, Sewing Machines, Guns, tie.     Scissors and Skate* ground.
Rubber Tires for Baby Carriages.   Hoop* Jor Tub*
Tbe BEST Machine on tbe Market
and sold on EASY TEEMS	
JEPBON BROS., District Agents, Nanaimo, B. 0
C. Segrave, Local Representative, Cumberland, B. C.
Practical  Watchmaker
All Work Guaranteed
il WQ.
Dunsmuir Ave   :::  Cumberland
.I Colls..
"Leading: Tobacco King."
Better known as
Dealer In Fruits, Candy, Cigars
snd Tobacco.
t3t\. Billiard Room in connection
If you wish to miiko your pinno or
furniture appear jrntl like new, try a
Untie of Movie's Piano and Furniture
Polish. It ia au exceptionally gooil
polish ami you will not use any other
after having tried it once. It is put
up in 75c and $1.25 boulns— Kor sale
by Chas Segrave at "thu Islander" oflic
Cnuil lerland
Barrister,  Solicitor   and
Notary Public.
Tht finest hotel in the city.
Grocers & Bakers
Dealers in all kinds of Good
Wet Goods
Best Bread and Beer in Town
Agents for Pilsener Beer
H. M. Beadnell,
Comox, B. C.
Agent for E & N.
Comox District.
Mah Lee
P. 0. BOX 294
Near th* Saw Mill
L Cloutier
Horseshoeing a  Specialty
Third Ave., Cumberland
We have a Spendid Assortment
Stoves and Ranges,
Builders Hardware, Cutlery,
Paint, Varnishes, Arms and Ammunition, Sporting Goods,
The McClary  Manufactuing Co.
Sherwin-Williams Paints
. . . CHAIRS, COUCHES, etc. etc., is complete . . .
A special sale of LINOLEUMS and CARPET SQUARES
. . . during February . . .
"The Furniture Store"
MoPhee Block A.   McKINNON      Cumberland, 8.0
Pilsener Beer
The product of Pure Malt and
Bohemian Hops
Absolutely no chemicals used
in its manufacture
ss== Best on the Coast s=
Pilsener Brewing Co..    Cumberland. B.C.
mm mmm utei
Display Advertisements
75 ccntj per column inch per ni nth.
Special role for half page or mure.
Condensed Advertisements
1 cent 1 word, 1 issue ; minimum charge 25 cent*.
No accounts run for ihi- class of advertising
do, be Burn fnop ier your waidmi invi
tatuiiia at Thk Ihunukr Ofllco. Samplea
at thia ofUco.
"Nervline" Cures-
Amd Here is tUo Proof—A Solemn Statement From a Four-Years' Cripple,
Whe sa5's 'Nervillne" Did It
"If 1 had lived through my suffieriuga
ametker yenr it would bavo beon n mir-
seU." This is the opening sentence of
tbi: dticlarutiuu made by Mt. J, Ecclos
Squires, uieuiber nt' ono of the best-
kaawa families for twenty miles,round
Syd-EtMr. "My bands wore drawn out of
ihafM, even my fingers wore gnarled
-nd freaked—my lameness, stiffnoss uud
iiiabiiity to get about iiii showed the
havoc Rheumatism made with my
health. The blessing
of it all is that 1 have
heard o£ Nerviline,
and now I nm able
to toll and advise
others how they
m^^m^^_^^^_^^__mm, muy gel well, too.
Sly lyitetn was sit weakened that 1 had
' build np with a good touic, BO I took
I'Vrrezom' at meals. But 1 nover stop-
pi d nibbing on .Nerviline—it had a ma-
gie influence on toy stiff, painful joints,
aod kettle alter bottle was nibbed on
tiie painful parts. Nerviline cured me.
I am well to-day—have beon woll fur
41/. years.
Vot can nfsr; euro rheumatism, h
'»»*», seiafv-a, neuralgia or any pain or
itutaoss in bho muscles or points—to dc
sa «m Nervliino, Don't let your drug'
gis! substitute. Cot Nerviline only.
Ia two sizes 50c. aud 25c. Sold every'
irh»ra, or The Catarrhozone Co., Kings
ton, Oat.
4 1-2
That Reminds Mc
'pfffl toachor of one of the classes in
J a school in the suburbs of Cleveland bad been training her pupils
n anticipation of a visit from the
school commissioner,'' said George 9.
TVoU*, ef Pittsburg, In the Philadelphia
fteoord. '' At last he eume and lhe
•lasses wort! called out to show tlieir at-
1 a laments.
"The arithmetic class was the first
called, and in order to make a good im-
■nessiou Ihe teaeber put tho first question in Johnny Smith, the star pupil.
■• "Johnny, if coal is selling at $fi
■d. Uk and you pay the coal dealer $24
hew manv tons of eoal will lie bring
'• 'Tl.roe,' was tlio prompt reply from
' 'The teacher, much embarrassed,
mm 1: 'Why, Johnny, that isn't right.'
" 'Oh, 1. know it ain't, but thoy do
It, augrkow.' "
ONIONS, strange ns it may seem,
come of an aristocratic family,
from tho stoek of which -have
uptntig many nol aide, scions aud lovely
•<U 1*1*0.;'. The humble onion is own
cousin to the stately lily, whether the
straw or the lovely Lenten lii v. the lily-
•f-the-valley, all* theSe being of tbe
great liliaceous race.
T'ao onion has other notable connoc-
tiMO, It is also cousin to lhe daffodil,
•r narcissus; and it is even allied to
the gigantic dragon-tree of Tenor!(Te,
which bears little trace of the seeming
frail lily.
'Jlius, it is plain, tlio onion is of illus-
trioiiH  origin,  though  to  the ordinary
observer there  is  nothing classical
roataatio about ii.
1 1IAKLES K Bigelow, the como-
dian, iB almost as bald as he
could be. Ouo day at the Lambs
Club he said to the barber, "1 am in a
great hurry. Can't you cut my hair
with my collar on?"
"Sure, I can," said the barber.    "I
cuu cut it with your hat on."
*    *    #
'pUK descriptive reporter of a certain
JL daily paper iu describing tho turning of a dog out of court by order
of tho bench detailed the occurence
as follows: "The ejected canine as ho
was ignominiously dragged from the
room cast a glance at the judge for the
purpose erf being able to identity him
at some future time,"
rli 10 summer boarder  wished to air
his knowledge.
"Whicli  is correct," he asked,
"to speak ot a sitting boa ot a setting
" 1 don't know," replied the farmer's
wife, "and what's more t dou't care.
Hut there's one thing 1 would liko to
know.' wneu a ben cackles, has she been
laying, or is she lying."
WHKN   Fench
Louis -MV,
Mutton fat is ti
Cor chapped hands.
tlio skin after wash
fnstoad of keeping pars
which turns it yellow, pul
tfghl inr iu ii cool plftct
keep it iresh for sonic thru
excellent   remedy
Melt aud rub into
g in warm water,
in water,
- f*C^ J>^Thename
^ML*"-"'1 to remember |
**-_i_e*_-,A** you r,ood o remQdy_'
was almoner to
V, his majesty was astonished to lind one Sunday, instead of the usual crowded congregation, only himself and the priest.
"What is the meaning of this!" said
the king. "1. caused it to be given
out," replied the prolate, "that your
majesty did not attend chapel today,
that you might see who it was that came
here to worship Cod. and who to flatter
the king,"
11111*3 now maid seemed eminently sat-
. isfactory, but the mistress of the
house thought a few words of advice would be just as well. "And remember," she concluded, "that I expect
you to be very reticent about what you
hear when you are waiting at table."
"Certainly, madam, certainly," replied
lho treasure. But theu her faco lit up
with au innocent curiosity. "May I
ask, madam, if there will be much to bo
reticent ubout f "
ON tho departure of tbe Bishop of
New Zealand for his diocese Sidney Smith recommended him to
have regard to tho minor as well as the
more grave duties of his station—to
be given to hospitality—and in order to
moot the taste of his native guests,
never to bo without a smoked little boy
in the bacon-rack and a cold clergyman
on the sideboard. "And as for myself,
my lord," lie concluded, "all I can sav
is that when your parishioners do oat
you 1 sincerely hope you may disagree
with thom."
TMll- proposed appointment of a coal
oflicer for the London county council recalls the experience of a canvasser who was doing tho best to win
over a lady to the interest of the progressive candidate. Among other good
works of the council in the cause of tho
people he mentioned the protection it
gave to purchasers of coal by appointing inspectors to see thnt just weight
was given by the streot venders. "And
well I kuow it," screamed the lady,
"they have ruined my poor father!"
who liad been a eoal merchant.
BARNEY OLDPtELD, at the dinner
in honor of his victory over Jack
Johnson at Shoopshoad Bay, told
a number of automobile stories.
"But my best story," snid the famous racer, "is about a taxicnb chauffeur. This chap was discharged for
reckless driving, und so became a motor-
man on a trolley line.
" As he was grumbling over his fallen
fortunes, a friend said: 'Oh what's the
matter with you? Can't you run over
people just as much as overt' 'Yes,'
the ox-chauffour replied, 'but formerly
L could pick and choose.'"
A Condition Involving Both Liver and
Stomach That was Quickly Cured
by Dr. Hamilton's Fills
"The doctors told me my sickness was
caused by complications of tbe stomach
and liver," writes Mrs. B. I*. Four-
raine, well known in Williamsport,
"The least little error in eating would
cause nausea, and after a lime actual
vomiting was easily excited. I grew
very thin, pale, with dark lines under
the eyes; my Btrength so failed that
even light housework quite exhausted
me. Of course, witn a large family, 1
could not afford a doetor all the time,
and when iu deepest despair, I tried Ur.
Hamilton's Bills. From the very first
tbey acted wonderfully and 1 experienced a desire for food and ate my meals
with a relish. After a whilo my system
became quite regular, and that horrid
sick feeling ouly came now and again
This made me persevere, and it was a
good thing I did so, because tho continuation of Dr. Hamilton's Bills was
the means of giving me my health ago
aud 1 am now the happiest woman 1
Every person with stomach trouble
can be cured with lJr. Hamilton's Bills
—refuse any substitute. At all dealers,
or the Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Ont.
' MV. senior major was giving the benefit of his advice and experience to
lirsl   dii
C   L1?*
Dr. Mattel's Female Pills
'.    ,   'i  I-- ' r mo iii mo fitted   ror   rotnin'i iii
•■■ .. ■; ,i •' \ . |if ui ; rami ii "* prorati
*.•<>' I ■ ret •■ i ii i) I ■•■' •!■'■ qnfok vifl
tfuM' went.   Kor vfth nt. ftH iir u' itortti.
Hair-Dyeing Combs
(term in intent, tioltr th • hftlr by nlmpty oomlilng,
fritlMut .■ ilul i.- thu -■ nln    rbls In die only pr»«i
ti) ii   . i I ..i-i ■■■■'   w ->   nl U lor Ilil Mi.- li iir.   OlMtl
Iwmlftn, i'lll ia*! for yean.   All i linlen,   For fur
'..r ■ nUrB, wrlta i"
L. Maersfc. Imporfsr. 270 W. 131st SI., HewYark
uon t Cut Oil'
a Boitro, Cyst, or Wpb
i, i umi.
.,.■,, i.'   ■    i!1
rmi-.li I of Ohm
i ■ .i   lormnJ ei
;..,.,!>;■   .i
A  tmT,\ iil.'iuJifi
tit Unlit] lit l'i i.'i-»!.«'■
'I I' ■'
J,, ok I I  fl   ■■    '       llfH  ■•■!
■>10Ttmp!oSt.,   Sarin;'
'.. Mu"trml, l'ni'i''ll'iti  law
lothppJrf ii.is
■ ■ i]. -ii
Will p»Wl
This is
mor,  nnd—well,  go easy
ranter, my boy.   Remember
)ips and—er—and all  that
j.    [-lore's a good tip.   Sec
candlesticks theref   When
four Instead of two—why,
I'lenr out—go home.    See."
"Porfectly, and thanks awfully." replied ihe young i.nicer, "Bul don't you
think you had better go homo at once?
There is only one candlestick."
TpWO women eume before a certain
I magistrate with a fat pullet, eaeli
declaring that ii belonged to hor-
"rom his high sent
the lirst woman,
belong to Mrs.
•. "No, indeed,
sir. ' Bho replied. Then he
tho ot In r woman* " Does this
.uillet belong to Mrs. Smith?" "lt.
certainly does not," she replied. "The
pullot, thfl magistrate then decreod,
■•.lues not belong lu Mrs. Jon os nor does
t belong to Mrs, Smith. Tho pullol in
nine. Take it round to the houso and
glvo it to my cook,"
(Olf.   T
1   liottvlly
thin    p
ra lion
'    III!    flSKl
,',1 li
;d te
uin in;.
m   thor. was naked by a friend
or   he    thought    his   fortli
novel would bo u buccoss,
"That 'a a difficult mutter to deter-
nine,'' was the reply. "It depends up-
ni how it will please the public. Vmi
know writers ean't always tell just
how tlieir works strike their readers.
I-'or iiislanee onco I published a book of
 miis  and   sent   copies  to  my  friends.
Shortly afterward 1 mot a young lady
who and received one, and asked her
how she liked iny verses, 'Uh, they are
ist   whal   I   wat,ted!   Why, I couldn't
.deep until I read thei
H>!> DODDINOTON wns very lath-
Palling asleep one day
afler dinner with Sir Richard
Temple ;ml Lord Cob llll ttl, the latter reproached Doddrlngton with his drowsiness. Doddington denied having been
■islee|i, and to prove lie had not offered
'', repeal nil Lord Cobhant had been
saying, Cob bam challenged him to do
bo, Doddington ropootod n story, and
Lord Cobham owned he had boon toll
ing it. "Well," said Doddington,
"nnd yel I went to sleep bocnuso 1
^w Mmt  'ili'Mi*  lliiu ti"'" of the da
^ lar English playwright, was shown
by u reporter, during his receut
visit to Mew York, a rather harsh criticism of his work.
Mr. Maugham, with a smile, took out
his poekelbook and began to read off to
the reporter the "runs" of his famous
" 'Mrs. Dot.' 421 nights; 'Smith,'
217 nights; 'Penelope,* 3!>.) nights."
So he read ou till be had completed
the long list of bis successes. Then he
"When the author of this article has
written plays with runs like those, I'll
believe his criticism. Till theu 1 prefer
to believe iu the public and the box
office. This isn't a question of words;
it's a question of figures."
EDWIN MAEKHAM, tho famous author ot "The Man With tho
Hoc," is a bitter opponent of child
labor. Diseasing the effort that he is
making toward the reform of child labor laws, "Mr, Murkham said recently:
"1 would abolish too, the contemptibly unjust system of fines. What right
bus an employer to fine a hand an hour's
pay for five minutes lateness? What
right has be, because thc hand has damaged some goods two cent's worth, to
fine him a dime?"
Mr. Murkham, after a moment's
pause smiled.
"1. wish to goodness," he said, "that
every victim of the despicable fine system had the same story to tell as un
actor I heard of yesterday.
"Thia actor worked under a manager who waa a great finer. For u bad
makeup, for lateness, for noise in the
wings, for a hundred things the players were bilked from a quarter to $2.
n    e    tt
LOUIS XIV. was exceedingly molested by the solicitations of a general
officer of the levee, and cried out,
loud enough to bo overheard. "That
gentleman is the most troublesome officer in the whole army." "Your Majesty's enemies have said the same thing
more thaa once," was the answer. Voltaire, in speaking of the effect uf epithets iu weakening style, said that the
adjectives wero the greatost enemies of
the substnatives, though thev agreed
in gender, in number, and iu cases.
A gentleman at Paris, who lived very
Unhappily with his wife, used, for tw
ty years together, to pass his evenings
:it the houso of another lady, who i
very agreeable and drew together
pleasant society. His wife died and his
friends all advised him to marry tin
lady in whose society he had found so
much pleasure. He said no, he certainly
should not. for that, if he married her,
he should not know where to spend his
*    *    #
TOURISTS are always telling funny
stories about tlieir experiences at
BoaBhoro or mountains—funny in
the telling, whatever they might have
been in the happening, Perhaps, iu the
unities wliere they spent the Bummer, the Inhabitants may be telling as
funny things about thom.
tried to buy a horse last Slimmer,'' said one eity man to another,
" 11 wus in a small village on Cape
Cod, an old down-Hast lishing village.
Wanted one that tho missus and tllfl
kids eould drive safe, you know, and
just alive enough to wnlk. So I looked
at nn old nng that one of the people
up there  had   for sale.
"lle was surely old-looking enough,
dejected and weak-kneed, but the follow wanted $05 for him. 1 offered him
_i.t\—I don't know why—don't ask me.
The man wouldn't take it. Said it was
worth" more than that.
"I told him. 'See what a miserable
idd thing ho is! Ho Isn't worth any
" 'That horse,' Nniii the old cnontry-
tniiii. 'Tnat animal! Whv, there's nothing the matter wilh that horso, Uo
can Me down and ho can got up ull hv
himself.' But 1 thought lhal wasn't I
recommendation enough, so I didn't buy
The Horseman
IP because of itR amplitude we except
the general tonic of brooding, thoro
is no other subject which has to do
with the harness horse that commands
tho attention of horsemen everywhere
as does that of shoeing and gniting the
The subject of breeding is ji purely
academic one, and beyond a few breed*
ing axioms, imparts uo specific or do-
•U-f- lilt Ul .UMUH..N III1IW, tl)„ Llit., w
yuu would tell this story.
Do it Now.—Disorders of the digestive nppnratus should l>o dealt with at
once before complications :irise that
mny ue dllricult to cope with. The
BUfost remedy to this end and one that
's within the veitch of all. i*; ParmclflO 8
Vegelablo Pills, the best laxative nnd
sedative on loe market. Mn not delay,
hut try them now. Ouo trinl will convince  anyone   llmt   they  are  the   best
stomach regulator that can bo got.
finite knowledge, its chief value residing in the helpfulness aud mstructive-
ness that an interchange of ideas always gives—it therefore cannot appeal
to the minds of Ihose outside the student body iu the same manner aud degree as does the latter.
Tho art of shoeing and gaiting, it
is true, has not yet been lilted out of
the realm of experimentation und balancing is a long way from what might
be termed aa absolute science, yot thero
arc certain principles of applying weight
or properly placed devices ou the shoo
of a horse that both remedy faults and
effect desired changes. Trainers aro confronted every day with new problems,
requiring their thougnt aud attention,
thus new ideas are evolved and those
successive additions bave given us our
present system of shoeing. Thore are
many men well posted iu this branch
of the racing business who believe it
will never be lifted from its present empiricism. I quote from a recont issuo
uf a contemporary tho words of a student whose views are entitled to notice:
"Shoeing is not and never can bo made
a science; the wisest of trainers and the
best of trniners must experiment in order to determine just what each pupil
needs to hang him or her up." Wo
do not incline to this view; the reason
all effort to [dace it upon a scientific
basis bas so signally failed is the fact
that it has always lacked n backbone,
i.e., that something uroimd which anything is built, to sustain and support
the disjointed fragments of (shoeing)
knowledge which mon have been adding
for years, and until sueh a theory is
advanced thia branch of horso training
must remain in its present hypothetical
We havo spent much time ovor Mr,
Rudolph Jordan's "Gait of the American Trotter and Pacer." and we opine
tuore hns been nothing written in late
years which; is so brand new and sheds
so much liglit on this subject. There
is no doubt that it was because of the
apparent lack of any principle or theory
Ity which trainers could bo guided in
their work of balancing that prompted
Mr. Jordan's book, seeing the need of
a method by which faults of action and
extension could be detected and then
remedied by a definite method of procedure.
Tbe foundation upon which the pres
ent system is built is observation and
precedent. Wo wish to show that, both
observation and precedent are insufficient, first, because the oye is altogether
too unreliable to detect the cause of
faulty action in a moving horse; secondly, wo are dealing with a machine
no two of which arc built exactly alike,
and precedent is therefore rendered tentative. I know of no bettor instauco
to support my first contention than the
oue furnished by Sonoma Girl, 2.04%.
When Mr. Springer brought her from
the Coast in 11>07 she was shod in front
with rolling motion shoce; plain shoes
wero turned, then rasped off nt the top,
giving the shoe tho appearance of ouo
ry much worn; this made possible the
quick breakover her low action demand*
,1. dust how tbis stylo of footwear
suited ber, her early races down the
big Hue that year will show, and those
of us who are familiar with that campaign will not soon forget the impression she made as she fought it ont week
by week with her rival, Highball.
She had been racing some few weeks
when Mr. Geers, who had bcen an observer of her way of going, suggested
the use of a grab toe, tho style of shoe
Highball was then wearing. Acting ou
this suggestion, the Girl was filled up
ou that way.
The result every trainer who followed the Grand Circuit that year knows;
sho forgot in a few days all she ever
knew about trotting, and when lor old
footwear was again tacked on she immediately recovered her speed. I do
not wish to arrogate to myself any superior knowledge of the principles and
practice of shoeing, and feel sure my
remarks will not Be so construed; but
we must remember Highball was a high
going, bold-gaited trotter; he needed the
grab. The Girl was a low-going mare
and needed the break-over, and yet this
does not mean that nil high going horses
need the gran or all low-going ones the
break-over. I eau adduce tea proofs in
celebrated horses that will disprove any
rule laid down regarding these two
Undor tho present conditions hours
are spent working ou the case of a
faulty-gitited horse; the trainer knows
his pupil is not going right, but exactly
where the fault lies ho cannot determine; so ho resorts to experiment, takes
the horse to a shoer, and orders a certain kind of footwear; aftor allowing
the animal mffleiout timo to adjust itself to tlio change, finds there is still
something larking, and oil* he goes to
the shoer again, this continuing until a
remedy is found. A great deal of valuable time is thus consumed, and Whon
the corrective means are nt Inst discovered there has been nothing definite
added to the art of shooing noil training; he has simply overcome the ob-
stacle iii the wuy nf nn individual aud
has nu rnmrnntOQ that the same means
will correct another liorse wilh similar
bo anothor such horse, although I bavo
never had the pleasure of olthor seeing
him pace or examining his footwear.
The foregoing remarks and thuse to
follow do not imply nay lack of skill
on the part of shi.er or ability of train-
or. They are intended to point out the
necessity of a more precise method by
which faults cun bo delected and remedied.
Some horses go well in any kind of
footwear, e.g., The Eel, who glides over
the ground in such aa oily, liglit way
that he scarcely touches terra (irma at
all. An examination of tho ground he
passes over proves tins contnet light,
equal and ilislinet, while his shoo, even
to the dollcate grab, shows no wear
whatever.    Hedgrwood Hoy \ believe to
The method we wish to suggest is
found in Mr. Jordan's book; tho simplicity of the scheme should appeal to all
horsemen. It is that the horse himself
should act the role of diagnostician, furnishing ns with a chart of bis own excesses and deficiencies.
Trolling the horse over a specially
prepared piece of ground will ono dav
become embraced in the curriculum of
every breeding establishment In the
country—where the l;inr>rgnrton classes-
are given thoir earliest work. As they
are driven over a specially prepared
course, the exact footprints are record
ed, showing every variation iu the
swing of the. limbs.
If the gait of the colt or horse bo
perfect it will mean that the record will
show tho distance between each foot
aud its mute of equal distance, while
the shoe impression on the ground will
be light, eveu and distinct; if this condition doos not obtain, if the stride be
excessive or doficiout in any particular
leg, it will be immediately revealed by
tho use of the tape lino, whilo the way
a shoe impresses the ground, whetbei
heavy at the toe or heel, will point at
ouce to tho fault. Thus a truiuor will
bo able to discover in a few hours -bat
ho has hitherto spent many days trying
to ascertain.
Tho simplicity of the scheme recommends it strongly to our mind, After
a liorse has passed over such a piece of
grouud, a clork with paper, pencil and
tape line can iu a short timo give a
shoer a chart showing his findings or
communicate with bim orally. Let us
say, for example, a certain liorse strides
one-half an inch further with his off
hind leg than with its opposite mate.
The shoer at once knows all this particular horse needs is a shoe or an altered foot angle to shorten the stride of
that, leg, or lengthen the stride of its
congener as to the oxigencies of the
ease or the judgment of the trainer
deems best. 1 speak from the vantage
ground of a practical horseshoer, one
who has tested many uf the met! 'ds
herein set forth, and it is our belief that
a chart or blue print presented to the
shoer giving an infallible rOcord of the
successive n.otfalls by Mr. .Jordan's system is sufficient to work on, so well
known are the rules for increasing and
decreasing action, and lengthening aud
shortening the stride. Every shoer and
trainer knows that:
"Weight in front increases action nt
tho expense of extension."'
"Weight in back increases extension
at the expouse of action."
"A long too in frout decreases the
"A long toe in bnck decreases the
"A longer leg behind willhave greater extension than its opposite mate,"
and many other shoeing axioms. Why,
then, if we have the remedies at hand,
does it tako us so long to hang our
pupils up. Tho answer can only be
found iu the statement that the case
has been correctly diagnosed. Wo wish
tu usservatc that neither observation
nor instantaneous photography will reveal what wo want to know—that is,
whether the forward and backward extension of a front leg and its diagonal
mate are syncronous in their movement
and the footfalls equidistant at each
and every step for a given distance.
This can only bo revealed in one way—
i.e., by actual measurements of the hoof
imprints after a horse has passed over
tho ground. This method uot only shows
the discrepancies in gait and action, but
tells us whether the subject is moving
with ease or effort. A remarkable case
is given on pages 49-50 which treats of
Lou Dillon's gait. It is most surprising
to find tho uneven measurements iu her
stride. When the test was made the
mare was moving at a 'J: 11 clip, which
wo would imagine a cumfortuble gait
for her at that time, but a study uf the
measurements there presented prove the
mare was exerting herself to maintain
that clip, which must mean she was not
in good condition un that particular
dny. This idea carried out might do
nwny with the searching of youngsters,
or at least wo might learn from it when
we had gone far enough.
He Had Eczema 25 Years and Doctors
Said "No Cure."
Yet  Zam-Buk  Has  Worked  Owtplete
This is the experience of a mu of
high roputatioa, widely known ia lUnt-
real, and whose cuso can readiif be
investigated. Mr. T. M. Marsh, tke
gentleman referred to, lives nt IW. De-
loriniier Avenuo, Montreal, and has lived
there for years. For twenty-five y^nre
he had eczema on lus'hunds aud wriits.
The disease first started in red bUtohes,
which itched, and when scratched becamo painful. Bad sores foHewed,
which discharged, and tho disebwge
spread tho disease until his hamds wore
oue raw, painful mass of sores, .lust
think of this state or affairs cMtiaung
for twenty-five years!
In that time four eminent medical
men tried to euro him, and eacb frave
up the cuso as hopeless in thc ond.
Naturally, Mr. Marsh tried remedies af
all kinds, but he, also at hut. gave
it up. For two years he had ta near
glOVOSsday and night sn terrible wus
the pain and itching when the air gat
to t he soros.
Then came Zum-Bukl He tried it,
just as he had tried hundreds of remedies before. But ho soon found out
that Zam-Buk was different. Within
a few weeks there wero distinct aignt-
uf benefit, ami a little perse vera aee
with this great herbal balm resulted
in what he had given up ull hope al'—
a complete cure! And the cure was
no temporary cure. It was permanent,
lie was cured nearly three years age.
Interviewed tho other day, Mr, Marsh
said: "The cure which Zam-Buk workod
has been absolutely permanent. From
the day that 1 was cured tit the arenaut
moment I have had no trace of ecE^ma,
and I feel sure it will never retura. Har-
ing Buffered for twenty-five years, 1 bud
naturally concluded that my case was
incurable, aud I regnrd my curo as a
modern miracle,"
If you suffer from anv skin trouble,
cut out this article, write across it tbe
name of this paper, and mail it, with
one cent, stamp io pay return postage,
to Zam-Buk Co., Toronto. We will forward you by return a free trial box of
Zam-Buk. All druggists and st«ros «oJl
this famous remedy, 30c. box, or three
for $1.26. Refuse harmful substitutes.
■iiiicMy stopn c«mifli.*,
ijiu lUrowl «ud iu..ii»
i ioliJ.1.  henl*
23 tend
IX lhe Century Dr. II. S. Willintus
lescrlbes tno advance of the water
wagon, hy which he means the apparent change of sentiment with regard
to liquor drinking, lie presents au interesting array of faet—first respecting
the United States:
"When we consider, moreover, lhat
State-wide prohibition is uuw the law
f nine States, having nn aggregate
population of ovor twelve millions; thai
local option applied to communities in
other Ktules brings the total number of
people living in theoretically "dry"
territories to about forty millions . . .
this growth is uot merely sectional in
scope, but is general from Maine to
Oklahoma, from Alabama to North Dakota ... It is, 1 think, a common experience uf the man about town that
liis associates in general drink less thau
tliey did five or ten years ago."
Next he takes Eiiropoi
"For the last two or three years tcin-
peranco lectures—of course, under ulli-
Many inherit weak luiiga, and as diseaso usually assails the weakest, point,
tbeso persons are continually exposed
to attacks ot culd and pulmonary disturbances. The speedy use of Bickle'a
Aiiti-Ooiisumplive Syrup will be found
a preventive and a protection, strengthening the organs s,i that they are not
so liable to dorangcmoul from exposure
ur abrupt atmosphorlc changes, liickle's
Svrup is cheap and good.
ciul auspices—have been delivered fraai
time to time on tho warships of tbe Ger
man Hoot. Now it is announced tbat
Prince Henry has authorized tbe establishment of Good Ti'iuplary in tfco Im
perial navy, and that the Order seomfc
likely to thrive there."
In the Fatherland, which is still tbe
homo of beer, the deleterious uffoots of
alcohol have been demonstrated ia German laboratories. Consequently, Gsr
man poople, scientific to the core, must
set about relinquishing alcohol. Gentian
Temperance Societies number more than
1011,0110. Temperance is included w bhe
Prussian public school curricula.
hi r'nuico anti-alcoholic placards are
posted on municipal buildings and iu
hospital wards; and on the back t.f prescriptions issued by official dispensaries are warning words against tbe use
uf alcohol.
In Great Britain, of whieh the writer
says "nowhere was alcohol inure strongly entrenched," and more than 1,190 of
the clergy ure even now said to bo shareholders in breweries, temperance tench
ing has ia 1007 been included ia the
new  school  code:
"Men of the Widest oppnrttiHilics to
judge assure me that even within the
last five years there has been a ma-rked
change iu the drinking habits of the
average better-class Londoner, ily owa
somewhat varied observations certainly
seem to corroborate this opinioa. Corroboration nf a more technical oharac
ter is furnished by the staticians, who
show that the expenditure for liquor ia
Kngland iu 1008 was hss by ovor oue
hundred uud twenty million dollurs thnn
it was fur the year 1899, a falllag-ofl,
otherwise staled, of $^..'b"» in the average yearly expenditure for each uiaa,
woman, ami child."
As striking a sig.t of progress as nny
the la.t that lhe brewers of Ohio have
recently spent $50,000 for detective
work, lo reform saloons and make theu
live up to the law. Everywhere, in recent years, thu brewer is putlisg forward his claim to respectability, argu
ing lhat he makes a mild beverage, little
likelv io intoxicate, and that ho is quite
bthoi' than the distiller.
The Real Liver Pill—A torpid liver
means a disordered system, meata! de
prossioa, lassitude and iu the oud. if
cure bo not taken, a chronic slate of
debility. 'I'he very besl modieint to
arouse the liver to heal thv action is
Pnrmolee's Vegetable I'ills." They are
cum pounded of purely vegetable sub-
atauccs of careful selection und no othor
pills have their tine qualities. Tboy do
nol giipe or pain and they are ugr^e
ble to the most sensitive stomach.
Headache* — nausea — Indigestion—muddy complexion-
bad breath—those are some of the effect* of constipation.   The mild, sensible,
reliable remedy ls_
They contain, tho lateat
discovered and beat evaouant known, which
empties the bowels without tha slightest discomfort and without disturbing tba rest of the system. Constantly Increased doses are not necessary.
25c. ■ boa.   If nur druertat h«i not r«> tlock«d them, ■ and 26c. And wt wlll null ihem. 38
National Drui '***• Chemical Comptnr ml Cmmmdtt, Limited,    >        Montreal,
Sackett Plaster Board
Th* Empire Brands of Wall Plastor
K*n*Mtu*4 mmtj *j
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Ltd.
wnmtPBo, MAM. 0
\ NOTHER ChristmnB Day had come
tX aud gene, its joys nud ita struggles alike purt of tho unchangeable pust, and a moro worldly nir of enjoyment bad taken their place. Loss
immersed in purely family gatherings,
people wore again taking thought of
thoir neighbors. In almost overy
plate ia the country tho poorer workers
wore being looked to, and many a sim-
ple eutertainmout was provided ploas-
urably to occupy an otherwise dull and
unprofitable bunk holiday.
A aertain little mission hall in one
of the London suburbs wus not loss
enterprising than its fellows. All that
lioxing Lav morning its wide-open
doora and well-warmed interior, showing a carefully railed oil' Christmas tree
all a-glittor with tinsel and toys, had
beea a happy reception room, a veritable fairy land, rich in present comfort
and foil of promise for the host of children tbut poured out from tho poor tenements. In tho early afternoon, wiso and
experienced workers, seeing more than
they confessed, hud spread gnod food in
plenty beforo peoplo whose pride equalled their hunger, and had brought iu
their guests from tho highways aud the
And when tlieir guests had gono for
awhile tho preparations went ou quickly
f«r tbe final act of thut busy day, an
entertainment with moving pictures, for
which pressing invitations had gone out
A trowd had collected Hefore tho opeu
dotrs—numbers wero entering—and tho
light streamed brightly frum its plain
gluks windows iuto the dark, drab
stroet, diffusing a sense of warmth aud
«..infort. At the duor stood a slight,
dark young man, the sincerity of whose
invitation spoko out in every tone, A-
monght those entering was a goodly
sprinkling of women aud children, faces
worn and seamed with toil, and the
weary, heartrending struggle for barest
livelihood   that   often   faces   tho   very
Tbis is not tu bc any ordinary, but
an invitation meeting service—to listen
to a man, fresh from lhe fishing grounds
af the North Sea. win. is to recount some
of his experiences as a Peep Sea Missionary. Some things gay, some things
grave—some sayings that will cause a
ripple of laughter ovor the audience—
nomo that will bring a catch into tlm
throat. On the white screen will be
shown some pictures—the up-to-date
moving, living pictures that have so
largely replaced the old-fashioned ma-
gie lantern views.
One of the last to enter the meeting
is ur were so many who have gone before, a 'shabbily-dressed old woman,
whose ouce keen eyes tho lilm of age
is weakening with the veil that must
always cloak earthly sight beforo the
inner eye grows strong enough to pierce
lhe dividing curtain. Her bauds are
no longer shapely, but twisted and knotted with labor, aad yellowing with age,
while the knuckles thrust themselves
boldly against the thin parchment that
stands for skin, covering thom but
poorly. Hands that havo tolled, hands
that have served—hands that guided
the infnnt's firpt walk, that have closed
the eyes nnd reverently folded the shuet
over Ijer dead, while tho streaming eyes
bave only too vainly tried to relieve the
suffering heart.
To snch life holds but the promise of
tbe unseen future. Hearts that have
suffered mueh lose their hold ou earthly pleasures—only the hope of that future remains, and* its healing balm gives
a strange fortitude.
And us she passes in with faltering
faotsteps, and moves modestly to a seat
apart, she reverently bends her head,
and through hcr heart runs un oft-repeated prayer, as her tremulous -lips
whisper, "My boy, send him back to me
ouce more before I  go, O my Ood of
> >e.''
Id a little West Hiding village, nestling above one of those wide stretches
nf moorland that breed such a slow-
aioving sturdy race of men, there was
no couple more highly esteemed than
.lames Rudcliflo, the village carpenter
-—familiarly known its .Iim o' th' Nook,
or .Iim o* Susan, following that quaint
Yorkshire village custom by which a
man is frequently ideatitied with his
wife's uamo—and his wife. Susan. Both
were, bard-working, scrupulously honest, and regular church-goers, who on
the Saturday night saw thut everything was ready for the next day, clogs
put away for tlio Mowlay morning,
boots brought out and carefully dusted changes of linen ready aired, and
everything "sided up'' in readiness
for the Sunday, a day observed by the
village folks wilh exceeding carefulness.
On tin' Sunday the duties and interests of tho week day world were put
sternly aside and the RudflllfToi dressed ia'their best, both tn honor the .humid to show a proper respect for themselves. There wa.s not a single ordinary or special service which they missed, failing illness—a very rare occur-
rente—and lhe young family that grew
up, while (hiding, as young people are
apt to, such unremitting altonduiu-es
Irksome, yet wero held by a firm hand
to the strictest observance of the Sabbat b.
On-ly one child, and he Iho youngest
lad, Bonny, found the discipline ton
hard, lle longed for the freer life and
delights of the towns that were so glow
ingly described hy tho few who had
been further afield than tho village.
Ho was of a lighter character than his
heavier kinsfolk, of a more agile and
quick intelligence, and with the overweening assurance of youth he resented the stem exactness of his parents,
plaiting nut tho weak Bpots and ridi
euling somo of those peculiarities that
from luck of opposition had become
stereotyped nntl over-prominent in tho
little community, the outcome of many
u long year of unfettered religious liberty. But his mind was not. sulliciently
matured to enable him to see under
neath all tae simple strong faith which
is too often clouded over by prosperity.
Simple and Sure.—Dr. Thomas' Ec-
lectric Oil is so simple in application
that a child can understand the instructions. Used afl a I ini meul the only
direction is to rub, nnd when used as a
dressing to apply. The directions are so
readily understood by young or old.
He dreamed of action beyond the
limited confines of his village. "He felt
so confident in himself that the pros-:
pect of the outside world, whieh mado
his fellow villagers look askance at
tho most unassuming stranger, and
keep tight hold of their scantily-lined
pockets, only edged his appetite und
quickened into activity tho belief that
he was strong enough and bold enough
to hold his own, and perhaps moro than
hold his own in the towns.
Ho found none that could enter his
feelings, no one to whom ho might
have unburdened his discontent, and
the repression of his secret desiros und
aspirations had an ill effect on his character, making him impatient of his
Blower-wittod folk, and choking down
his natural good qualities.
Me made many (in ineffectual stand
against his life; cast down many a
rule that had been paramount in his
childhood and boyhood; aud the last
obstacle to go was his outward observance of religion.
The yorkshireinan is plain in speech,
and in his deliberate way he suys many
.. bitter thing. He is a. hard fighter
aud hitter, and thoso of his own household receive no special consideration
when words are bandied.
Bonny therefore neither expected nor
gave quarter, aud his father, grieving
that his son—his youngest born—scorned deliberately set on going to the
dogs, and shaming his respectablo life
in the sight of all tho village folk, visited on him the full volume of his wrath..
In a littlo self-contained village overy
man's affairs are his neighbors', and
the repute of tho Rndeliffe family suffered nu eclipse in the religious lifo of
the village, due solely to Benny's shortcomings iu tho eyes of the'villagers.,
Then camo one fatal Sunday—-the
Sunday thnt saw the joy depart from
the mother's heart—the day that marked the commencement of a weary pil-
grimago of sorrow for her.
Benny had gone early across thc
moors, enticed by the prospect of some
rat-baiting sport, and was absent all
day. That night he walked unsteadily
over the threshold, and a further step
in his downfall was marked—a downfall
due largely, perhaps, to the absence of
such recreation or pursuits as would
have given scope to lhe lad's activity
of body and mind.
The father, who In his secret spirit
had sorrowed the live-long day, and
prayed in a pridefu] wrestling over the
backsliding of his son, rose from his
seat at the table, and burst out iuto
bitter reproaches. He upbraided his
son, standing half-maudlin in the doorway, and only partially sobered by his
lather's words. His mother, her face
ashen with fear, looked from her man
to her son, then threw herself back in
her chair, covering her face with her-
apron, while her sobs shook her frail
body, rocking herself backwards and
forwards in uncontrollable grief.
The sight brought the bby to his
"Mother," he cried out in a voice
of deep contrition, "don't cry, mother,'
und he made towards her, his arms open
ing, to comfort and be comforted. The
veil was torn from liis self-will and
eyes and his voice of a now rcforma
tion. lt was as if he saw in that moment the brink at his feet.
"Back!" cried the father sternly.
"Buck!" ho repeated. "Thee'st bringing t' gray hairs o' the mithcr down
i' sorrow to tho grave. Ont o' this
house. Thou'st no son o' mine from
this day forth."
"Nay, father," said one of the other
lads, "tha will na lie so hard on Benny.
He's no' but a bit Billy like, an' "
"Thou may'st go wi' him, if sech be
thy liking,"'cried the father, turning
on hl>n. "1' this house Tin master yot,
and master I'll be till 1 dee."
" Dunnot mind him, Tom," said Benny. "I'll nonn be tolled to go twififi
Ihn'st been very hard wi' me, father,
but I'm right sorry to vex mother."
The father still Stood stern and unrelenting, interposing his form between
the sou and mother—the mother who
still sobbed with great catching sobs
that mndo every man present feel his
heart like water. Ben looked at him
for a moment or two, but the stern old
faco never relaxed, so without a word
he strode over the threshold.
The noise of his Step on the cobbled
pathway leading from the house, aad
the sudden and deathly silence that
reigned in that little kitchen, which for
it momont before had seemed full tit
fury aud striving, startled the ino'hot
Into life.
Sho sprang up, and made for the
doorway, but her husband put out his
arm ami stopped her.
"I.et him go, wife. Let hiin follow
his own bent."
"Xo, I can't, I won't!" she cried;
and then she raised her voice: "Iteany,
my tlear lad, come back; come back to
thy mother."
The footsteps hesitated and stopped,
and all looked to the doorway, the woman held fast in the strong grasp of
her husband, whu raised his voice in
"No, let him go. He's no son of mine
to bring disgrace on tno i' the sight o'
all tho fowk.'
At tho sound of the father's words
they heard the retreating footsteps
quicken and hnsten a wny, while the
woman wrenched herself free and flew
down  the little garden.
All rushed out, but the father motioned his sons away, took her up in
his arms, nnd carried her upstairs. The
sudden shock had proved too much for
her strength, und when she eume back
from her illness thc lifp and vitality
seemed to have forsaken Ijer body. But
never a word said she of tho son who
was lost; only buried her sorrow iu her
own heart.
The day that brought sorrow to the
Kadcliffes brought trouble to the village. Smallpox, that scourgo dreaded
throughout the countryside, made its
appearance there, and the fight went
badly with them. Before it ceased iis
ravages the village was decimated. Lack
of helpers tn nurse, and old-fashioned
met hods, made the placo a veritable
death trap, and the fear of it spread
around them, so that the sufferers were
shunned by all the villages.
I'm1  sight unmanned  him, and
was already thc dawning in his
Radchffe and his wife, the latter
slowly convalescing, escaped scot-free
from that visitation, only to see their
other two boys laid to rest with so
many of tho othor villagers.
Thoy bowed their heads in resignation, und iu hcr iuiuost heart Susan rejoiced that ono had escaped the scourge,
eveu thongh the harsh parting scorned
to have torn her heart in two.
But when nil the danger from the
epidemic was past, a now ora of prosperity came to tho village. Whero boforo tho men had worked the land aud
delved in tho quarries tho discovery of
special virtues iu the wator brought
factories and a new Tacc of peoplo, the
phenomenon of modern manufacturing
Yorkshire. New houses sprung up in
place of the tuuorside cottages that had
Jioused generation after generation, and
the little village chapel became all too
small for the uew Influx,
Amongst thc contractors thoro was
one who recognized tho workmanlike
qualities of Kadcliffe, his honesty, und
his ellicieucy, aud would have him go
Lack to London as oue of his foremen
on a big contract time ho had undertaken.
So Snsnn and hcr husband left the
village, glad iu u way to turn over that
sorrowful page, and thoir going wub
scarcely marked iu what wus nuw a
growing tuwn.
Thus it camo about lhat in tho course
of ii fow years thoir history and their
sorrows, eveu their name and memory,
were lost iu the now township that
swallowcu up old landmarks, and that
cast out tho older inhabitants who could
not accommodate themselves to chauged
So thc Kudcliffcs left tho placd, the
man; with ull his hopes dead, the woman kept uliyo by but ono hopo—that
of seeing once again hor lost son. This
hope gavo her strength to take up the
burden of life ugaiu under strangely
chauged conditions.
But in the atmosphere of a city the
country-bred man broke up completely.
Ho could not breathe, thero was an oppression on nis lungs in tho midst of
so much bricks and mortar. His nostrils dilated and panted for the moor-
side breeze, uud its luck made him sicken aud die.
She buried her dead, and still steadfastly looked and prayed for hcr son's
return, but the days lengthened into
Weeks, the months slipped by and bo-
fiaine years, and still sho waited expectantly, never doubting but that God in
His own. good time would answer hcr
prayer. Oh, what depth and tenacity
has a mother's love!     '
Thero was au air of great expectancy
about the evening meeting. When the
chairman came on to tho platform thero
was a moving of feet, repressed coughs,
and many audible admonitions to the
youngsters to "Hush!" which they
found quite impossible to carry out.
! However, when he gave out an opening hymn, the meeting found plenty of
outlet for excitement, and the singing
was rendered with mighty enjoyment
and volume. Tnen down into their scats
sat the meeting, comfortably composing themselves to listen.
The ciiairmau spoko awhile, and then
introduced the speaker of the evening.
iThere was nothing very nautical about
his appearance, but a broozinoss of manner ami the pleasurable confidence he
showed that was sure of a favorable
reception, soon put them all on a good
Ho took his hearers with him through
the fish markets, he sniled with them
from Billingsgate Market ia one of the
Ilsh carriers, aud described the life on
board it. And as he spoke, for better
comprehension, front the back of the
hall slides were shown depicting various incidents, eliciting all sorts of
amusing aud naive comments from tho
grown-ups, as well as from the children.
His audience laughed with hiin as ho
told some humorous anecdote, giggled
n a feel ingly as he recounted his first experiences of seasickness, ami became
very quiet as he told of some of the
lungers that the fishermen risk in pursuit of tlieir living.
And so the evening ran along, and
j\ery one. was hugely delighted; but
iliere was more to follow, nnd a sufl'i-
Aiut reserve of enthusiasm had been
kept for the principal event of the evening—the pictures showing the fishermen
iciunllv at work on the high seas.
The  youngsters  present  watched  alternately    the    wdiite   sheet   in   front,
•ighted with heavy poles, which Borne*
a conveyed to their minds the idea
a gi-*at wliite sail, and the man at
•■   back   who   did   mysterious things
th  a  great   black  box and   curious
■kiife mbes—a man who looked inix-
is  and   very   much  alivo  to  the  re-
onslbUit'ea of his position.
At last all WttS ready, and the speak-
again  stepped   to  the  front.    "The
ivlng   pictures   which   you   are   now
ice will show you better thau
or any  one  else, can describe.  Ihe
uui work of the fisherme i right ont
tb^t ocoi n, away from the lend. They
a fleets numbering as many as
y ships at a time.   They form a little
a of their own, they work for weeks
wretch without ever sighting Innd;
fish  whenever  the weather is  (lue
ugh    to   bd    them—and   sometimes
u it is not by any menus fine.    As
i ns they get a catch in those huge
» Which you will see, and which have
lifted into Ihe ship by machinery,
box the fish and ferry it across to
lick steamer, which comes out from
mrt—ouce every day—just to take
(ish to niurket.   Ami often enough,
the weather is bad, the little boats
hich  they  carry their tlsh to thc
■ got capsized, and the. men are
Then a ship comes home to port,
Shore  is sorrow on tho land, and
ier family bereft of its breadwin-
But if nil goes well, thoy stop out
e sea us long as their coal lasts,
nd  sometimes  accidents  happen,
veil  it  is for thu  fishermen  that
on laud have uot forgotten litem,
mishaps occur, the hospital ship
the injured mnn aboard, and tin1
looks  after  htm.    Thnt   is  one
principal reasons why tho hospi-
p is scut out there—to look after
•k and injured  fishermen.    Other
i I have given you already.   Now,
dctures are real; they were pitied   at   sea,   nnd   depict,   actual
They show yon what happens
day   on   Ihe  sen,  and   they  are
to yon to "Main your sympathy
in th
ty t
en oi
i th
to be
a qui
the j
iu  wl
on th
and '
.if tbe
tal (iiii
the Ui
these 1
■ very
aud your help for those men, who are
some of the simplest and bravest men
who live under the British ilag."
Tho lights wont low, and the sheet
gloomed white and spectral on the platform. There was a sigh of high expectancy, a curious whirring sound from
tho black box, and those in the front
row started back us thoy saw a steumor
bearing down straight ou them from
tho shoot. Thc smoke belched from its
funnel iu a black mass; her noso cut
tho wuter like a knife, and sliced away
in a long white breakor on both sides.
Ou the bridgo a grizzled faco peered
down at thu audience, a quizzical smile
wreathing up the comers of his mouth.
Iu spite of its (liad spood, however,
tho front benches soon saw that they
woro iu no danger of being run down,
und laughed and applauded as they saw
the men on board attending to all sorts
of jobs—the fireman emptying buckets
of ashes over the side from tho engine*
room, a deckhand coiling down a rope,
a third turning tho hosc-pipo on the
for'ard deck. Then camo the cook; removing a picco of beef from a hook
near the forecastle, whilo a sudden
douche of tho hosepipe caught him unawares. Theu a sudden blank on the
screen, ns the voice of the speaker said:
"The currier is racing to catch the market. Wo will now go to tho fishing,
Tho scone thoro waa vory different.
No racing speed, but the everyday life
of the trawler. The casting of the not,
tho rushing about the deck, the pulling
and tugging, whilo other vessels constantly passed across the scone. Ouo
of them was surrounded by a swurm
of sea-gulls, .dashing down into thc
wator to pick out the titbits from a basket of reiuse shot ovo-board. Another
showed, a picco of salt beef, tied to a
lino, serenely bobbing up and dowu
astorn—to tako the salt out!—whilo the
cook was whistling 'and washing fish.
Then tho steam Hashed out of the
wiuch as the net was hauletl up tho side,
filled to bursting point, und with a pushing and tugging and scrambling the
mass was heaved abonrd, and raiuod a
shower of salt wator on to the deck.
As ono of tho deckhands got underneath it and untied a rope, and hundreds
of fish slipped out on the deck and
crawled and wriggled about, the little
hall was filled with shouts of wonderment ami joy, the shrill voices of the
youngsters dominating it all to the last
gasp of satisfied pleasure as tho picture
was swallowed up ia gloom, and the
lights came on again.
"I want to speak to you nbout the
next picture," said the lecturer, coming
to tho front, whilo every one blinked
at him in the strong light. "There is
a very affecting incident connected with
it, which you will bettor appreciate with
a few explanatory words from mc. It
happened that while these pictures wore
boing taken one of the boats coming
to the hospital ship wus capsizod, and
one of the bravest and best skippers we
have iu ttio fleet risked his life and
saved that of ono of the two men who
could not swim. Our boat was so close
at the time that we wero able to pick
them all up, although far gone. In thc
tirst picture you see tho unconscious
men brought aboard, and in tho second
you will seo my friend the skipper as
he camo aboard afterwards to thank
us all under Ood, not only for his own
preservation, but also for having beeu
the means of saving another precious
human life."
Thc lights went low again, and the
first scene described took shape, and
ran its rapiu course oa the screen. Tho
hospital ship, the boat at the side, tho
unconscious, half-drowned men, thc excitement on deck, the quick rush to thc
cabin, nil followed with breathless interest by the audience.
Immediately after came another
scene. A boat made fast to the side,
autl a couple of men leaped over on to
the deck, with their backs to tlieir audience; then one walked towards them,
with a full, clear deck before him, a
sunburnt, pleasnnt-looking man of perhaps thirty. Ho came down the deck
with nis hands outstretched, and such
a frank, pleasing smile on his face, that
it won tho hearts of every one there,
shook hands with one of the men who
had just boarded from another boat, and
continued his walk for'ard without
pause, as if to meet some one, his face
and figure looming large and clear, until
it took up tho whole sheet, a health}',
smiling iiice, pleasant to look upon.
"Benny, oh, my Benny, my boy, come
back to me, Thank God for ull His
mercies." came a sobbing voice from
the back, and lho figure of Susan, all
n-t rumble with excitement and joy,
struggled np the centre with arms out-
streli hod to the smiling figure on the
With arms still outstretched lo clasp
her boy. she advanced, and as she eume
in front of the lantern her shadow blot-
tod out the picture, and she seemed tn
gather it all iu her arms, tho great
block shadow of an old and feeble Woman fantastically covering up the whole
Itut, wonder of wonders. As she got
near In the platform ami her shadow
on the screen dwindled to its proper
size, and wilh eyes Ihnt could not s v
f'or the tears that blinded them, there
was one who stnrted up from a seat at
the side, the very man of the picture,
who seemed daze'd with doubt and joy
mingled. And it, was into his arms lliat
the old woman sank with a sob of supreme content; his wus the voice that
whispered brokenly in hor ears, his the
hand that went round her protectingly,
and as the lii'hls went np once more,
many a one in that room sobbed in sympathy to see the mother's faith justified.
and her boy brought back to her in an-
Hwer to her prayers.
AT ten (/'clock p.m. 1'Vltcia, the maid,
left l\v the basement door with lhe
policeman to get a raspberry phosphate around the corner. Shu detested
lho policeman nud objected earnestly
lo the arrangement. Sho pointed out.
not unreasonably, that she might have
been nllowed to fall asleep over oue of
St. (Jeorijo Rathbono's novels on the
third floor, but she wai overrule.!. Raspberries and cops were not created for
nothing. .
The burglar got into the house without
much difllculty) because wo must have
action and not too much description in
a QjOOO-'woM story. ,
In the dining-room he opened the
slide of his dark luntern. With a brace
imd contrcbif ho began to bore into tho
lock of the silver closet.
Suddonlv a click was heard. The
room waa floodod with electric light, 'llie
dark velvet portieres parted to admit u
fair-haired boy of eight in pink pajamas, bearing a bottle of olive oil in
his hand.
"Aro you a burglar?" he asked, in a
swoot, caddish voice.
'Listen to that!" exclaimed the man
a hoarse voice. "Am I a burglar?
Wot uo you suppose 1 have a three-days'
growth of bristly beard ou my faco for,
and a cup with flaps? Give me the oil,
quick, and let mo grease the bit, so 1
won't wake up your mamma, who is lying down with a headache, aud left you
iu charge of .Felicia, who has been faithless to her trust."
"Oh, dear," said Tommy, with a sigh.
"I thought you would bo more up-to-
date. This oil is for the salad when I
bring lunch from the pantry for you.
And mamma and papa havo gone to lhe
.Metropolitan to hear Ve, lioszke. But
that isn't my fault. It only shows how
long the story hus been knocking around
among editors. If the author luul been
wise he'd have changed it to Caruso in
the proofs."
"Be quiet!" hissed tho burglar, under his breath. "If you raise an alarm
I'll wring your neck like a rabbit's,"
''Like a chicken's," corrected Tommy. "You had that wrong. Vou don't
wring ruboits' necks.
"Aren't you afraid of me?" asked
the burglar.
"Vou know I'm not," answered Tom
iy. "Don't you supposo 1 know fact
from fiction* If this wasn't a story
I'd yell liko un Indian when I saw you;
antl you'd probably tumble downstairs
and get pinched on the sidewalk,"
1 1 seo,'' said tho burglar, '' that
you 'ro on to your job. Go on with the
Tommy seated himself in an armchair
and drew his toes up under him.
"Why do you go urouud robbing
strangers, Mr. Burglar? Have you no
"I seo what you're driving at, said
tho burglar, with a dark frown.( "It's
the Bame old story. Vour innocent and
childish insouclanco is going to lend mo
back into an honest life. Kvery time I
crack a crib where there's a kid around,
it happens."
"Would you mind gazing with wolfish
eyes at the plate of cold beef that the
butler has left on the dining table?"
said Tommy. "I'm afraid it's growing
The burglnr accommodated.
"Boor man," said Tommy. "Vou
must bo hungry. If you will please stand
in a listless attitude I will get yon something to ent."
Tho boy brought a roast chickeu, a
jar of marmalade and a bottlo of wine
from the pantry. The burglar seized a
knife and fork sullenly.
"It's only been an hour," ho grumbled, "since I had a lobster and a pint
of musty ale up on Broadway. I wish
those story writers would let a fellow
have a pepsin tablet, anyhow, between
"My papa  writes books," remarked
The burglar jumped to his feet quick
"You said he had gone to the opera!"
ho hissed, hoarsely, aud with immediate
"I ought  to have explained,"  said
Tommy.    He didn't buy the tickets.
The burglar sat again and toyed with
the wishbone.
"Why do you burgle houses?" nsked
the boy, wonderingly.
"Because," replied the burglar, with
a sudden ilow of tears. "God bless my
littlo brown-haired boy Bessio nt
"Ah," said Tommy, wrinkling his
noso, '' you got that answer in t he
wrong place. You want to tell your
hard luck story before you pull out the
child stop."
"Oh, yes," said the burglnr, "I forgot. Well, once I lived in Milwaukee,
"Take the silver," said Tommy,
ing from his chair.
"Hold on," saitl tho burglar. "Hut
I moved away. I cmtld find uo other
employment. For a wliile I managed to
support my wife and child by passing
Confederate money; but, alas! I was
torced to give that up because it did not
belr.ng to the union. I became desperate
and a burglar."
"Have you ever fallen into the hands
of the police?", asked Tommy.
"I saitl 'burglar,' not 'beggar,' "
swered the cracksman.
"After you finish your lunch," said
Tommy, "and experience thc usua
change of heart, how shall we wind up
the story?"
"Suppose, ' said the burglar, thoughtfully, ''that Tony Pastor turns oul
earlier than usual to-night, and vour
futher gets in from 'Parsifal' at 10.30.
I am thoroughly repentant because you
huve mado mo think oi mv own liltle
boy Messie, and "
"Say," said Tommy, "haven't von
got that wt'ottgf"
"N<d t.n yonr colored crayon drawings
by I'.. Cory Kilvert," said Ihe burglar,
"It's always  a   Bosstc  that   I   have al
homo, artlessly prattling to the pale
checked burglar's bride. As I was uoy
ing, your father opens the front 'loot
just as I am departing wilh admonitloOE
and sandwiches tlmt you have wrapped
up for mo. Upon recognizing me us ai
old Harvard classmate he shirts buck ii
"Not in surprise?" interrupted Tom
my, with wide open eyes.
"lie starts back iu Hie doorway.'
continued the burglar, Ami then In1 rosi
to his feet nnd begun to shout: "Bah
nth, rah! rah, rah rah!''
'' Well," said Tommy wondering] v.
"that's tho first time f ever knew a
burglar to give a college yell when he
was burglarizing a Iioiibo, oven in a
"'That's one on you," said the burglar, with a laugh. "I was practising tlte
dramatization. If this is put ou the
stage that college touch is about the
only tiling that will make it go."
Tommy looked his admiration,
"Von're on. all right," ho Haiti.
" And there 's another mistake yon ve
mado," said the burglar. "You should
have gone some, time ago and brought
me the $0 gold piero your mother gave
vou on vour birthday to take to Bessie."
"Itut she didn't give it to mn to take
to Bessie'," suid Tommy pouting,
"Conic, come!" snid the burglar,
sternly. "It's not nice of you to take
advantage because lhe story contains ti"
iiiitbigoous sentence. Vou know whnt I
mean. It's mighty llttlo I get oul tit'
these lietioital jobs, anyhow. I lose all
Hie Iiml, a.. ' I hale to reform every
lime; aad all the BWUg I'm allowed Ifl
the  blamed   little   fol-do-rols  and   luck
It's ofteu a little
thing that puts a
deranged digestive
system right — it
taken in time.
23c and COc.
Sold everywhere.
pieces that yon kids hand over.    Why,
one story, all I got was a. kiss from
tile girl who came ia on tue when I
was opening a safe. Aad it tustsd ef
molasses candy, ttio. I've a good nc
tion to tie this table cover ovpr yonr
heud   and    keep   ou   into   thc   silver
"Oh, no, you haven'I," said T#uuiy,
wrapping his arms nround his knees.
" BooauSO if you did no editor would buy
the story. Vou know you 've got te
preserve the unities."
'Ho'vu you," said Hut burglar, rather
glumly. "Instead of sitting here talk
impudence and taking tho bread out
of a poor man's mouth, what you'd like
to be doing is hiding under the bed and
Hclueochiiig at the top of yonr voise."
"You'ro right, old man," said Twenty, henrtilv. "I wonder what thoy make
us do it for? I think tho S. P. 0. C.
ought to interfere. I'm snre it's neithor
agreeable nor usual for a kid of my age
to butt in when a full-grown burglar is
at work and offer him a red sled and u
pair of skates not to awaken his sick
mother. And look how they mako the
burglars act! You'd think editors weald
know—but what's the use?"
The burglar wiped his hands en the
tablocloth and arose with a yawn.
"Well, let's get through with it," he
said. "God bless you, my little boy!
you saved a mau from committing a
crime this night. Bessie shall pray for
you as soou as I get home aud give ber
her orders. I shall never burglarize another house—at least not until the June
magazines are out, It'll bo your little
sister's turn then to run in on mc while
I am abstracting the tl, S, 4 per cent,
from the tea urn and bay me off with
her coral necklace and a falsetto kiss."
"You haven't got all thc kicks coming to you," sighed Tommy, crawling
out of his chair. "Think of all thc sleep
I'm losing. But it's tough on both of
us, old man. I wish you could get out
of the story and really rob somebody.
Maybe you'll have the chance if they
dramatize us."
"Nover!" said the burglar, gloomily.
"Between the box office and my better
impulses that your leading juveniles are
supposed to awaken and the magazines
that pay on publication, 1 guess I'll always be broke."
"I'm sorry," snid Tommy, sympathetically. "But 1 can't help myself any
more than you can. It's one of the
canons of household fiction that no burglar shall be successful. Thc burglar
must be foiled by a kid like me, or by
a young heroine, or at tho last moment
by his old pal, Ked Mike, who recognizes
the house as one in which he used to be
the coachman. Yon have got the woTst
end of it in any kind of a story."
"Well, I suppose T must be clearing
out now," said tho burglar, taking up
his lantern and bracebit.
"You'll have to take the rest of thi?
chicken and the bottle of wine with yon
for Bcssio and her mother," said
Tommy calmly.
"But, confound it," exclaimed tbe
burglar in au anoyed tone, "They don't
want it. I'vo got five cases of Chateau
de Beychsvelle at home that was bottled
iu 1858. That claret of yours is eerked.
And you couldn't get either cf tbem to
look lit chicken unless it was stewed in
champagne. You know, after I get out
of the story I don't have so many Umi
tations.   I make a turn now and then."
"Yes, but you must take them," said
Tommy, loading his arms with the bun
"Bless you, young master!" recited
tho burglar obediently. "Second-Story
Saul will never forget you. And now
hurry and let me out. kid. Our 2,008
words must be nearly up."
Tommy led thn way through the hull
toward the front door. Suddenly thfl
burglar stopped and called to him softly:.
"Aiu't there a cop out there in front
soniewnere sparking the girl?"
"Ves." said Tommy, "but what—"
" I 'in afraid he'll catch me," said the
burgalr. "Vou mustn't forget that this
is fid ton."
"Great head!" said Tommy, turning
"Come out by the back door."
Manitoba Agricultural College desires
to issue a note nf warning lo farmers
and dealer.-i importing fraiii Into Manitoba lo be used for feed or aeed. This
year considerable quantities of grain
are being brought into certain districts,
and much of it is believed to lie badly
infested witn the seeds of weeds "f u
very noxious character, The weed problem already has become a very serious
one iu many districts through weed
seeds being introduced to the kind without the knowledge of those introducing
From samples sent recently to the Col
lege ninl examined by the Field Husbandry Depnrtment, it has been found
that the present situation is alarming.
A Bamplo of onts recently imported to
one of the towns in south western Manitoba was found to contain Beeds nf the
following weeds; Hall mustard, wormwood mustard, bladder campion, 'false
flay, popper grass, cinfptcfoil, curl dock,
shepherd 'h purse, wild buckwheat,
lamb's quarter, ami redwort pig weed,
Not only are many of the weeds men
tinned in this list of u very noxious
character, but some of them are new to
lhis province, and, for that reason, they
are the more lo In- guarded against.
An ounce sample, taken from a shipment of flux receive., at a town in
northern Manitoba, was found upon an
alysiB to contain 62 loIbq ilax seeds, and
nil e other species of weed seed.
The College will undertake to report,
free  of  charge,  upon  any  samples  of
urain sent to it for weed seed exntuinn-
on or germination tests.
All mothers cun put away anxiety regarding their Buffering children when
they nave Mother Graves' Worm Kxtor
initiator to give rtJHof, Its effects are
Mire and  lasting.
(ur othkh htkamkr)
NOftTM   rioUNO
litm*i. Vancouver* p m, Monday*
Arrive Nanainiu 9 00 p.in. Monday*
Lwue Nasaiiuo io p.n. Muritlay*
Btmvur Cnuk      f
Dttunan Inland     f
Arrive Uulim Bay 6.30 a. in. Taetilayi
Uave Union Buy lo.ao a.m. Tiaadnyi
Arrivd UonwiK 11.16 a.m Tuetdaya
South Bound
Lmv* Oumoi 1.16 p.m. Tuewlayi
Arrive Union B«y 2.00 p.ui. TiWHilayi
Leave Union Buy 2.16 p.m. Tuudayt
Deutuui lxkuil      f
Benvtr Creek      I
Arrive Nanahno io p m. Tuiwtayi
Leave Nauulmo 11.00 p.m. 'LuwiUys
Arrive Vancouver 1.80 a.m. Weduewbiye
f   IiuUvatee tU_ itop.
Vov ralM aad latter part letter* tail or apply
H. W. MICDM,      W.   MoOIRR.
OUN'L. P. A., Affont,
Vtuouvu,   B.C.     MiMlmo, B.O.
Now the timo will anon Iw coming
When with vour residence ynu do
do get sick,
Por nfter the flies the house with
dirt does get thick,
So don't you think we'd hotter Im
And wll on the Paint.T anil have our
house fixed.
Painter and Paperhanger
SIGN WRITER eto. Cumberland.
Terms .Moderate.     Business Punctual
C.A. Powell
Post Cards, Views & Portraits
Prices Reasonable.
403 pulletx. hatched 1909
trom Jan. I to May 31, laid STMO •as*
which aold at wholaaala prlca*
*.,.... (1019.19
eoat al feed lor iibi t>«rl»d     91 I.OS
9 80S.OT
.■ ab* prolit per bird lor
ISIdaya       •        .        .
ta IS,
• lea
. 15.00
niiNCAM, au J4
Third St. * Penrith Atenne
All kinds of hauling done
First-class Riga for Hire
Livery and team work promptly
attended to
Local Agent for
The London & Lancashire
Fire Insurance Oo.
Get rates before Insuring els e
Office: Cumberland
:   :   t   CEIVED   :   :   ;
Up-to-date Merchant Tailor
36 prs only of Misses Fine Ponv
Colt Bluoher Shoes, 11 tn 2,
2.50 pr NOW 1.90
110 prs of Fine Ribbed Stockings
for Boys and GirlB, sizes 5 to
10 inch 35c,40c, 50o FOR 25c
20c BOX
39 prs Boys' Fine Kid 8hoes In
Tan and Black, sizes range 1
to 5,   3.75 NOW 2.90
Boys' Blue Serge Caps,  25c each
Boys' Pants 60o pr
90c eaoh
49 prs only Boys' good strong
Shoes, made of chrome leather and are guaranteed to wear
well 2,90 NOW 1.90
50 prs of the Jumbo brand Towell
sells all oyer for 50o pr
SATURDAY 3 prs for 1.00
A fine range of Men's Nobby
Neckwear, regular 76c, 85o
1.00        SATURDAY 60c ea
/ Sell for Less
For Less I Sell
Next to Canadian  Bank of Commerce
Furniture *
Wallpaper \
Etc., etc.*
A nice line of Iron Bedsteads;
$4. to $40.
just arrived
$^;. .ur«kKi^rH*r>yKf'*K r^.-,^*iKr,**<,?,*»<v,MK$
p. M MMW*M
?v* fc^v\. /sft+ fittts) .vi* ini*ji.rv_7ni ,\tf* jwi* .«^i# s
— GOOD »
In the
Next door to Royal Bank, opposite Pott Office
Capital $6,200,000
Reserve 17,000,000 •*'
Drafta Innd In any currency, payable all over tha world
hlghaet ourrant pataa allowed on dapoalta or $1 and upward*
H. F. Montgomery, Manager
We have recently received a
Carload of McLAUGHLIN
Carriages and Buggies,
and are prepared to quote
lowest prices and best terms.
give us a call
General Mitts, Courtenay.


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