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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News Jun 19, 1902

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 IU Crofton Gazette
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL. 1. CROFTON, B. C, THURSDAY,   JUNE   IU, 1902. NO. 17
TffT E cannot perhaps better preface a report of the potlatch
yflf now proceeding at the Cowichan Indian reservation
than by quoting the ""Legend of the Cowitchau
Indians," as told by Mr. James Deans in Vol. 1, No. 1 of the
British Columbia Natural History Society's publication. Mr.
Deans writes :
The subjoined legend of the Cowitchan Indians, called
by themselves the Whull-e-niooch, or dwellers by Puget Sound,
seems to me worth preserving. I give it as I heard it from
the Indians in 1881: "There was a time v3ry long ago our
fathers used to tell us when the Whull-e-mooch lived a long
way further south than we, their children, do now. Northward the whole country from the sea to the farthest mountains was covered by snow and ice so deep that the heat of
summer failed to melt it. The old folk tell us that their
fathers did not like the land they lived in, and wished to move
away, but were at a loss where to go to.     Southward lived a
that at a very remote period the whole land was full of ice
and snow, is not apparent. Taking the legend in its simplicity, the inference perhaps is that this part of the North
American continent was inhabited at a time when an Arctic
climate prevailed much further south than at present; that
the Indians believe the change in climate to have boon
wrought for their benefit by "Spaul," the raven, in whose
image these people believe that the Almighty is in the habit
of appearing to men.
The legend is a very pretty one; and certainly, taking the
weather that is being enjoyed by the thousands of Indians
who are attending Bill Whulatesailok's potlatch at the
Qt amichan reservation, on the banks of the Cowichan River,
at the present moment, the Cowichan Indians of to-dny have
nothing to fear from Arctic rigours of climate. For more
than a week now Bill Whulatesailok, or Gentleman Bill, as
he is called, has been having a great time. A potlatch seems
to be a general collection of debts, associated with reloans
and renewed mortgage*.     Gentleman Bill has been receiving
Cowichan River at Duncans, Showing Weir.
people whom they feared because they were stronger than
they, our fathers, were; northward the snow and ice prevented them moving. While they were discussing what to
do, the 'Spaul' (raven) came suddenly amongst them. After
listening to their grievances, he said: 'I will soon settle that
difficulty.' So saying, he turned all the snow and ice into
Pekulkun, or mountain goats, and sent them to make their
home in the fastness of the highest mountains, where there
would be food for them, while their wool would make clothing
for the Whull-e-mooch for ever. After this transformation
of snow into goats the climate became warmer and the
country drier, which enabled the Whull-e-mooch to move
northward to where we, their children, now live, and have
lived ever since.'"
Mr. Deans remarks that this legend is the more remarkable as the migrations spoken of seem to have taken place in
or about the glacial period. Whether these migrations actually took place, as above mentioned, or whether the numerous
ice grooves and scratches which everywhere abound on this
portion of Vancouver Island have given the natives an idea
blankets by hundreds, rifles, canoes and other things, most of
which he is giving away again to the members of the numerous tribes assembled at his call. These so-called gifts are, it
appears, in reality only loans, and must be repaid to him at
some future potlatch.    Thus does the Indian do his banking.
Amongst the tribe* assembled at the Quamichan reservation besides the different tribes of Cowichan Indians, arc the
Songhees from Victoria, tho Saanich Indians, the Peuelaquet
of Kuper Island, the Lyacksum of Valdez Island, the Chemainus and Hellelt Indians, as well as the Nanainios, Comox
and 'Euclataws. Tho early part of tho proceedings were
devoted to the return of tbe debts, and they were accompanied
by various games, sports and dances, weird rites and much
noise of drums and harsh musical instruments. The official
result of the races held last week is as follows:
.Foot race (professional)—1st, Willie Good, $3 and a rifle;
2nd, Good, $2; 3rd, Donett, $1; 4th, J. Hulkalatza, 50 cents;
5th, Edward, 50 cents.
Foot race (amateur)—1st, Gus Underwood, $3; 2nd, Geo.
Mitchell, $2; 3rd, Charlie, $1; 4th, Alec, 50 cents; 5th,
Johnnie, 50 cents;   6th, Billic, 50 cents.
Foot race (18 years and under) 100 yards —1st, Isaac,
$2; 2nd, Peter, $1: 3rd, Andrew, 50 cents; 4th and 5th,
Isaac and .Joseph, 25 cents.
Foot race —1st, Andrew, two blankets; 2nd, Isaac, two
blankets;   3rd, Ernest, one blanket.
Sack race, 100 yards —1st, Moses, $2; 2nd, Andrew,
$1.50;    3rd,  (Jus  Underwood, 5(1 cents.
Boys' race (under 10) — 1st, Abraham, two blankets; 2nd,
Tommy, one blanket.
Boys under S —1st, Joseph, $1; 2nd, Tommy, 50 cents;
3rd, Charlie, 25 cents.
Baseball, winners .$10 —Pcnnlakicts, 1st; Saanich and
Victoria, who were second, get nine blankets.
Tug-of-war—First team, 20 blankets; losers, 10 blankets;
captains, two blankets. «
Tug-of-war—Second team, ten blankets and $5; captains,
two blankets.
Canoe races (four poles, distance half-mile)—1st, Nanai-
nios, twelve blankets; 2nd, Penelaquets, eight blankets; 3rd,
Euclataws, four blankets.
Four-paddle canoes—1st, Saanich, $2 and eight blankets;
2nd, Penelaquets, $2 and four blankets; 3rd, Saanich,
four   blankets.
Four paddles (boys' race) — 1st, Nanaimo, $2 and four
bit nkets;   2nd, Penelaquets, four blankets; 3rd, Songhees, $1.
Two paddles—.1st, Capt. Moise, box of tea and two blankets; 2nd, James, two blankets; 3rd, Euclataws, two
The donors of the prizes were : Bill Whulates-ailok,
100 blankets; Johnnie Selahpult, 20 blankets; Somenos Vel-
age, 7 blankets and $2.50; Charlie Tsilpamult, one rifle: John
Mitalatza, five blankets; Mrs. Jaynes, box of tea, and other
cash subscriptions.
During the latter part of the proceedings, the re-loaning
of the blankets, rifles, canoes, etc., has been in progress, and
feasting and merriment have been supreme throughout.
Scrambles for various kinds of articles are a great feature,
but the result is not the same as that when in England one
throws pennies to street boys and the strongest boy makes
the most money. Amongst the Indians the article scrambled
for is seized by all who can lay hands on it, and each man's
right to his portion is bought outbythe ultimate possessor.
Blanket-cutting is a unique ceremony. Blankets are thrown
amongst the crowd, and each man is entitled to cut off as
much as he can grasp in his hands.
The roads all round Duncans are crowded with merrymaking Indians driving about in gaily-bedecked rigs of various kinds, and the days and nights are given up to feasting
and revelry. One of the most exciting events of the potlatch
was tho baseball match between the Songhees of Victoria and
the Penelaquets of Kuper Island, in which, after a splendid
tustle, the Songhees won by a score of S to 4. It was a swift
game of ball, and Avas watched by nearly as many whites as
Indians. Indeed, the potlatch is a groat time for the white
kodak fiend with his camera. He has latterly been sAvavming
in the Cowichan district, and the picturesque and novel sights
and scenes in and around the Quamichan village during the
present proceedings have been as interesting to the mere
photographer perhaps as to the more erudite folk-lorist.
Mr. W. R. Robertson, the Indian agent, has been kept
very busy as "guide, philosopher and friend" of his proteges.
MESSRS. N. S. Clarke and A. F. Gwin reached Victoria
on Tuesday on the steamer "Otter," which brought
down some 3(10 tons of ore from tho Yreka Copper
Company's property on Comstock Mountain. It is only 70
(bys since the Yreka Copper Company put a pick into this
property, hut in that time the company has made a camp,
built roads from it to salt water, ami developed those really
wonderful mineral claims, with the result of 300 tons of ore
going to tho Tacoma smelter to-day, and thousands of tons
more already lying on the dump. Assay values of this ore
give .$20 to tho ton. When tho Yreka Copper Company
started operations on Quatsino Sound, the population of that
district of the Island was some seven or eight persons. It is
now about 75 persons, of whom 40 are employed by the company. Prospectors, naturally enough, are thronging into a
district which is already yielding far beyond the merely
promising stage of mining industry. Mr. W. M. Brewer, who
is interested in securing ores for tho Crofton smelter, visited
the property with Messrs. Clarke and Gwin. and wrs much
impressed with tho magnitude of the ore body in sight. An
aerial tramway of a length approaching three-quarters of a
mile is being surveyed to connect tbe workings with salt
wafer, and this will probably bo in operation within three
months' time. It is the intention of the Yreka company tl
instal machinery and to develop this mine thoroughly on an
extensive scale.     The steamer "Queen City" will probably be
able to bring down another three or four hundred tons of ore
on her next trip. As soon as the Crofton smelter is ready to
receive ore, there will bo almost a daily supply from this
mine alone. We understand, however, that the Yreka Copper Company propose to erect a smelter of their own at
Quatsino Sound at an early date.
The mineral properties staked out by Messrs. Clarke,
Gwin and Lea, and separate from the Yreka Copper Company's claims, have been named the Blue Grouse. Prospecting work has boon done on them with very satisfactory
results, and development work is now being proceeded with.
The ore body on these claims has much the same formation
and characteristics as those on the Yreka Copper Company's
The new machinery ordered by the Lenora and Tyee
mines is being rapidly installed. On the former the new
Holman compressor plant is in active operation (the first
English compressor plant used in British Columbia, we believe), and on the latter tho double-drum hoist lately put in
place has superseded, with excellent results, the two single
heists employed up to date.
At the Lenora mine a new 100 horse-power boiler is being
installed, and a quantity of ore-sampling machinery is being
put ir. position to facilitate the handling of the enormous
quantities of ore lying on the dumps and being daily added to
from the mine workings.
At the Key City mine, Capt. Wasson is installing «t 40
horse-power boiler and up-to-date mining machinery, and it
will not be long before this mine becomes a shipper.
Mr. W. Buxton, foreman of the (Lenora mine, is taking a
holiday in Victoria. He reports prospects very bright forthe
Mount Sicker mining camp.
_ A wedding took place on the mountain last week and Avas
signalized by a mighty serenade. All the empty coal oil tins
in the district were brought into requisition, and the happy
couple were aroused from their slumbers by a noise that
would awake the dead. This was outside the hotel, and the
proprietor eventually distributed dollars to restore quiet. The
next night the bride and bridegroom spent at their new house
in Mount Sicker, and here again the din was re-commenced
and proceeded with until all the wedding presents, or their
equivalent in value, had been distributed amongst the crowcJ!
Thus only Avere the too ardent attentions of the serenaders
Mr. Dier, of the Copper Canyon mine, states that work
in the main tunnel is proceeding, and the ore body recently
met is showing up well, being from 4 to 4% feet in Avidtii
and carrying high values in copper. An exhibit of this ore
assaying over 20 per cent, copper, may be seen at Mr. Gra-
hames office, Government street, Victoria.
Rumour has it that a rich strike of mineral has been
made Avithin a short distance of Crofton; but particulars are
being kept as dark as night. It is more than probable that
lie rumour is true, as tho railway line from Crofton to Westholme runs nearly its whole length over well-defined ledges
of mineral-bearing rock.
MANY Pugot Sound millmen have boon exploring the
Coast for cedar limits, and the result has not been nt
all promising. With few exceptions they have returned without making any purchases. Some of'them complained that brokers and owners misrepresented the limits to
them before they looked rt them, and that they had certainly
th- impression forced upon thorn that there were few good
cedar limits for sale in British Columbia: that cedar logging
in British Columbia was an expensive proposition. One mill-
man who has stayed with the game for two months has this
to say about tbe matter. He found that the price asked for
fhe timber was not cxoe«siAre, that the cedar he had seen was
first-class, that he never s,«vw better, and that the haul was
as good as on the Sound, if not better. Distance made little
difference, as the haul was straight and sheltered nearly all
the way. The timber, however, was in a different position
than it was in Puget Sound. There tbe country Avas level,
and it was an easy proposition to get it into the water. Here
in Vancouver an owner will tell a possible purchaser that his
claim is a good logging proposition, and that the logs can be
got into the water at from ,$2 to ,$3. When the claim is
examined, however, it is found that it often runs almost
straight up, and timber would he smashed to pieces getting it
out.    Claims reported on as first-class have been turned down
by such men as Hy Hewett, whose shreAvdness in sizing up
claims has enabled him to make more than $1,000,000 several
times over. There might be many propositions in British
Columbia that could be Avorked to advantage, and no doubt
there are, but they are not being offered very readily for sale.
The situation, then, is rather serious. At Puget Sound the
cedar is being held by a few, and the majority of the mills
are in a bad way for cedar. They must go somewhere else
for it, and British Columbia is the only place offering.
It is, hoAvever, very expensive getting out the cedar on
the Canadian side —so expensive that loggers who are getting
from $8 to .$11 for logs, the last-named price being actually
paid, say they cannot make it pay. It means that the price
for shingles must go up. The mills in British Columbia are
ruining half time,"and many of them occasionally shut doAvn,
not for lack of orders—for they have far more than they can
attend to—but for the lack of cedar logs and bolts, owing to
there not being enough loggers and bolt-cutters in the business to supply the demand. For some time to come the
situation may be saved someAvhat from the fact that there
are yet millions of acres of ci-oavu grant lands from which
cedar can be exported to the States, but it is likely that the
day will come Avhen the limit men of Puget Sound will con-
trnet Avith the mills to cut for them so many hundred thousand
shingles at so much, and there will be close figuring among
the mills to get this work. As far as the difference iii
wages paid shingle bolt men here and on tbe Sound, it was
explained that the Sound man Avas really better off. He got
.$1 a cord for bolts, but he did not have to take out the heart
or trim. On this side $1.40 Avas paid, but trimming and cutting out the heart Avas included, so that $1.40 a cord is not
nearly so big as it looks—The Commercial, Winnipeg.
About forty members of this party took the round trip
from Victoria to Mount Sicker by E. & N. Railway to Westholme and the Mount .Sicker Railway the rest of   the way,
and Mr. A. B. Fraser, treasurer of  the Tourist Association,
of   Victoria, accompanied the party.     At the Mount Sicker
siding near Westholme Mr. Croft had a train in Avaiting for
thorn, and arriving up the mountain they were met by Messrs.
J. Croft and F. Wilmer, and entertained   at   lunch at the
Mount Sicker Hotel by the hospitality of Mr. Henry Oroit.
The party buzzed about the hill townsite like bees and   inspected the mines, and about 2 p.m. took train again en route
for Crofton.     TJie journey doAvn seemed to interest and delight our felloAv-pressmen immensely,  especially the  switeh-
biicks on Mount Richards.     Arrived at Crofton, they were
enchanted by the beauty of the toAvnsite, and scattered about
inspecting the smelter Avorks and the building operations in
progress.    The steamer "Unican" did not arrive to take them
away until 8 p. m., but they one and all declared that they
were charmed with the opportunity of  spending several hours
in and about the neAv tOAvn at Osborne Bay.  The most charming experience of  the whole, say many of  them, was the srfl
down to Sidney through the Islands by moonlight.    No more
enchanting experience can be imagined for a party of friends.
Croftonians   having   heard   that many of   the visitors were
Mormons, at first felt a little alarmed at the invasion, but
•they said good-bye to their visitors with a firm impression
that no pleasanter or more congenial acquaintanceship could
they Avish to make than that with their Mormon invaders.
Mr. M. J. Conlin, of the Crofton Hotel, is very busy
organizing the baseball team that is to play Duncans on
Coronation  Day.
Dominion Hotel,
BETTER than the rates indicate.
Board and room $1.25 and up per day.
Room only 50 cents to $1.50 per day.
Out-of-town Customers can shop very easily hy mail if they only care to use
the advantages of our Mail-Order System. If you can't come in person write
for anything you want, a post card will hring you samples and information. Experienced clerks will execute order the same day as received.     MoNBV Back if
not Satisfied.
80 Government Street,
Victoria, B. C.
tzouhalem hotel,
Stage to Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake, every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.
Price Bros.,
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability,
Victoria, B. C.
Thorpe's Ginger Ale
Prize Medal
World's Fair.
— AT—
78 Yates St., Corner Broad,
The Crofton Gazette
The Crofton Publishing Co.
Managing Editor,
-   Henry II. Newill
$1.00 per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces and contracts by arrangement.
All communications for the present to P. 0. Duncans or Crofton.
THURSDAY.   JUNE  19, 1902.
AN article under the above heading which we publish in
another column, reprinted from the "Commercial,"
Winnipeg, is interesting reading, showing as it does
the opinion that our Manitoba brethren have already formed,
or are likely to form, of British Columbia as a great timber
reserve. British Columbia is a province of vast extent, and
it may be that, as the writer of this article states, tbere are
many places Avhere the Jand rises so steeply that timber
might be damaged in its descent to salt water. Now, there
are two objections that occur to us with regard to this
theory — we advisedly call it a theory, because we do not
think the conclusions drawn are quite practical. The first
lies in the main fact that the best timber is not found growing on these steep lands, which are invariably rocky; tbe
second is that a fairly steep declivity need be no detriment,
but on the other hand perhaps rather an advantage to the
working of a capably constructed timber slide. It seems to
us that the propinquity of our fine timber to salt water is one
of the greatest advantages which British Columbia offers to
lumbermen. We venture to make this comment with all due
deference to the eminent authority who is referred to in the
article as having "turned down" otherwise first-class timber
claims for this very reason. We think there must have been
some other reason. Our readers will find this article not only
interesting, but instructive.
This day week Duncans will be en fete. Final preparations are being made for the celebration of the coronation of
King Edward VII.; and the committees who have been appointed to arrange a programme of sports and to make a
judicious expenditure of the generous subscriptions that have
been received, are working with a will to make the celebration
a great success. Tho reception committee may be trusted
to ensure a really good time to all our visitors. The ceremonial of the day will be the special service hold in St.
Peter's Church by the Rev. J. A. .Leakey, and attended by
the Municipal Council, friendly societies, and no doubt all our
most influential residents. In the afternoon the chief sporting event will be the baseball match between Duncans and
Crofton, and both teams are now practising for the encounter.
The other sporting events will be varied and well contested.
A basket picnic will be held on the recreation ground if fine,
or in the Agricultural Hall if the day should unfortunately
prove to be wet. An informal picnic like this, organized as
it \t ill be in Duncans, is in itself one of the most charming
pleasures of an outing in a lovely country which just at the
present moment is in the full flush of its summer beauty of
foliage, meadow and stream. The bonfire that is to be lighted
ou Mount Prevost Avill be a beacon of loyalty to the whole
Cowichan district, and a ball in the evening will wind up what
promises to be a thoroughly enjoyable as well as memorable
The result of the trespass case brought by Capt. Barkley
against six Nanaimo visitors for trespassing and Ashing on hie
property is, we think, very satisfactory. The law with regard
to trespass has not been efficiently enforced in the past, but if
it is to remain on our statute books at all, it should be respected. The new Amendment Act makes it more stringent
si ill, and Ave certainly think that the measure is a wise one.
No country can be really free where private rights are not
legally safeguarded.
The Alderlea Fire Company have asked for the use of
our columns to thank very cordially the ladies and gentlemen
of the Cowichan Amateur Dramatic Society, who so kindly
gave that most delightful performance, "Jane," at Duncans
on the 5th instant, in aid of the funds of the company, as
also the municipality for their kind assistance, and others who
have interested themselves in the matter.
As Coronation Day will fall on Thursday next, our publishing day, and as the members of the staff of the Crofton
Gazette one and all have expressed a yearning to be present at
the Duncans celebration, we will publish our next number on
Wednesday instead of Thursday, and give them a well deserved
We have received two or three contributions for our "Sale
and Exchange" column, but too late for publication, so they
Avill be held over until next Aveek.
Trains will run between Central Station Victoria, and
Sidney as follows:
Leave Victoria at 8.oo a. m.   4.00 p. m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "       5.45    "
Leave Victoria at  8.00 a. m.   2.00 p, m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "       5.45   «•
Connects at Sidney with morning train DAILY for
CROFTON.    Returning connects with
evening train for Victoria.
Special Sunday Excursion to Crofton leaves Victoria 9 a. m.
Fare, round trip, $1.50
Crofton lap to Date.
THE first car of the train lately brought over by ferry
loaded with machinery for tho Northwestern Smelting
& Refining Company reached the smelter site last
week. The long line of laden cars had been lying for some
days on the wharf, just as they were landed, delay in their
removal being caused by a scarcity of rails to make the rail-
wav connections. This Avant, however, being supplied, the
necessary double line combining the narrow and broad-gauge
svsiems was rapidly laid to the wharf. Trains are now,
carrying machinery and other freight, as fast as it is disembarked, from the wharf direct to the smelter buildings.
Heavy freight can now be handled at tbe Crofton wharf nnd
forwarded direct by the Lenora-Mount Sicker Railway into
the heart of the mining district.
The smelter company's officials and employees are all as
busv as they can be placing the machinery which is daily
arriving for the smelter works. A great deal of inconvenience
aud considerable expense has "been caused to the Northwestern
Smelting & Refining Company by the late fires and strikes at
the Allis-Chalmers machinery works, and the exceptional glut
of work which has tended to shelve even an order running to
$00,000, which we believe is the amount of that placed in this
one department for the Crofton smelter. Delays, of course,
mean less, and the smelter company are consequently duplicating much of their machinery from the sources which they
ca.i tap expeditiously, and thus get to work at once.
Keast's Livery Stable.
Operating Crofton and Mt. Sicker Stages.
Daily connecting with all E. & N.  Railway Trains.
Daily, Sundays excepted.
H. KEAST Proprietor.
Civil Engineer and Provincial Land  Surveyor.
Quamichan Hotel
Last week a serious bush fire threatened to lay the town
of Crofton in ashes. The origin of it is unknown, but it
spread in the bush behind the smelter reserve. Volunteers
from amongst the smelter employees and others of Croftou's
citizens, amongst whom was Mr. M. J. Conlin, late assistant
chief of the Victoria Fire Department, hurried to the burning     p   NELSON
scene,  and with  strenuous  efforts managed to smother the ' '
advancing conflagration, beating it back with boughs and
sticks. It was hot work and well done. No doubt this
threat of disaster will serve as a timely Avarning to Crofton-
ians to perfect their arrangements for fire subjection.
Now Open for Guests. Entirely Re-built
and Re-furnished throughout. Heated by
Hot Air. Sample Room for Commercial
Travellers. Meet all Trains. Boats for
Fishing on Somenos Lake. J J J J X + +
The Flour that makes the Best Bread
is sold by
The team which is to represent the Crofton Crushers
against the Duncans Diehards in a mortal baseball conflict
has been practising nearly every evening of late on a piece of
ground at the back of the smelter site. The names of the
players as finally selected are not to hand yet, but they will
make a good showing. They are all residents or employees
on the works at Crofton, and tbe team will not include (as
has been rumoured) any imported players from Victoria.
Subscriptions for a baseball outfit, as also for the improvement of the playing ground and its establishment as a permanent recreation ground, are being received by Mr. M. J. Conlin, of the Crofton Hotel. A list will be published in our
next issue. Croftonians want to be in a position in their
turn to invite tbe Duncanites to a return match.
Mrs. Elworthy, of Victoria, is spending a week or ten
days in Crofton, and is registered at the Osborne Hotel.
Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Rombauer and family are residing at
the Osborne Hotel. Mr. Rombauer is head chemist to the
smelter company.
Amongst other names registered at the Osborne Hotel
during the week are: Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Kent and Mr. and
Mrs. W. F. Irwin, of Vancouver; Mr. O. A. Wey, of Vancouver; Mr. J. H. Frank, of Victoria; Mr. and Mrs. Robert-
fcor. and family and Mr. and Mrs. Castley and family, of
Mr. H. C. Bellinger went clown to the smelter works on
Tuesday last. The delay in the arrival of his smelter machinery is not going to put his syndicate so very much behind
in their work, for these enterprising gentlemen are simply
Avalldng round the unforeseen delays that are confronting
them by the immediate purchase of duplicate machinery.
It is announced that a special meeting and service of the
Presbytery of Victoria will be held to-night in St. Andrew's
Church in connection with the ordination of Mr. W. iN. Carr,
Avho has already won general respect, both at Mount Sicker
and in Crofton, where he has latterly been conducting divine
service on Sunday evenings in one of the stores in the Croft
Try it.    Moose Jaw is the brand.
Established 1878.
Wholesale  Importer  and Dealer  in All Kinds ok Merchandise.
Depot for Giant Powder Co.       B. C. Pottery Co.
Duncans. Quamichan.
W.   DYKE,
Pioneer Merchant,
Confectionery a Specialty.
Agent Crofton GAZETTE.
Joan Avenue, - - - CROFTON, B. C.
Complete  Housefurnishings,
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
Weiler Bros., Victoria, B.C. 6
♦.♦,♦♦ ♦♦♦♦»♦♦■»♦.»♦♦+♦♦♦♦, . . . . » »»»44+++4++4
may not encourage others to trespass, shoot or ifish on   my
property, as in that case they will come under the new Act,
; Duncans anb Cowichan local mews. {  *a i \m v^n>^mtaa wmirm<>7 vws SSI
l     and $50 on Sundays." '
THE Municipal Council of North Cowichan met on the
14th instant—a week earlier than the usual date—in
order to facilitate the passing of the Duncans Waterworks By-Law. There were present the Reeve (Mr. J. N.
Evans), Councillors H. Bonsall, A. A. B. Herd, C. Dobson,
and the Clerk of the Council, Mr. James Norcross. A petition was present, signed by about 20 ratepayers, against the
construction of Speck's road. Consideration of this petition
was laid over until next meeting, awaiting report of committee appointed to get information about this road. The
petition was returned to the petitioners to get more signatures to it if  they wished.
The Rev. J. A. Leakey waited on the Council, inviting
them to attend the Coronation service at St. Peter's on tbe
2(ith instant, and also to inform them that the Library Committee were ready to go on with the new library building on
the municipal lot at Duncans, as agreed upon. The invitation
to attend the service was accepted by the Council.
Several contracts for road repairs and construction
were let.
The by-law establishing a continuation of Wicks' road,
and also a road at Chemainus from Oak street to the Vietoria-
Nnnaimo trunk road, was reconsidered and finally passed, and
ordered gazetted according to law.
The by-law amendment increasing peddlers' licenses to
$28 for six months was read a third time.
The Sanitary Inspectors reported everything satisfactory
throughout the district.
Messrs. Price and Peterson interviewed the Council on
behalf of the Finance Committee of the Coronation Celebration, and $26 was donated to that fund. Incidentally the
Councillors cheerfully handed over their small contributions
for the same purpose.
Mr. Herd brought up the matter of a public cemetery.
Ht thought it very necessary and desirable that steps should
Be taken by the corporation to obtain and set aside land for
this purpose in some suitable location. At present the burying places were all denominational. That belonging to the
Methodist Church at Somenos had been used as a potter's
held by the Council, and was willingly thrown open to the
public for interment, but the extent of available land for a
cemetery was limited and rapidly decreasing, and what was
left might reasonably be reserved by adherents of the church
in the near future. The increasing population of the district
Would not long refrain from pressing this want of a public
cemetery upon the Council, and it would be well to be prepared to meet this demand. It was finally decided to bring
up the matter at the annual public meeting.
The 28th instant was fixed for taking the vote on the
Waterworks By-Law, Mr. J. Norcross to be returning officer;
and the Council adjourned to the call of  the Reeve.
John Nelson, one of the oldest pioneers of this district,
and one of the most popular and respected of men, died on
Sunday last at the Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, and was buried
at Cobble Hill on Wednesday.
Messrs. J. Norcross, D. Alexander and D. McPhcrson,
Licensing Commissioners for Cowichan district, sat at the
Court House, Duncans, on the 14th instant, to consider applications for renewals and new licenses. A license was
granted to Mr. J. Bebeau for his hotel on Mount Sicker, to
take effect when the building has been inspected and pronounced satisfactory by the Chief License Inspector, Mr. A.
II. Lomas. Mrs. Koenig was provisionally empowered to
continue tho business of the Shawnigan Lake Hotel until the
license can ho transferred to her. All the applications for-
renewal wore granted, as there were no complaints against
any of   the bouses.
The six men from South Wellington summoned by Captain
Barkley for trespass on his property were dealt with at Duncans on Saturday last at a court held by the stipendiary
magistrate, J. Maitland-Dougall, Esq. Mr. A. H. Lomas,
provincial constable, was in attendance. J. Hallorn, C. Godfrey. A. Godfrey, G. Richardson. W. Ellis and J. iBencher
were the six men summoned for trespass and fishing on Capt.
Berkley's property at Westholme. They all appeared in
court, by counsel or in person, except Beadier, Avho fled the
country.' Pleading guilty to tho indictment, all the accused
were, at the special request of prosecutor, dealt with leniently
and fined only $5 and costs. Tbe summonses were issued
under the old Act.
Capt. Barkley writes with reference to these cases : "I
trust that my appeal for leniency on behalf of   those men
The arrangements for the Coronation Day celebration at
Duncans on the 20th instant are well advanced, and the affair
promises to be the most successful of its kind. Thousands
of excursionists will probably visit beautiful Duncans oil the
occasion, but the local hotels and the reception committee of
the celebration will be amply prepared to receive them. The
big potlatch now in full swing at the Quamichan Indian
reservation will still probably be running its course; but the
programme of events is itself a great inducement to visitors
and to residents to turn out and contribute to make the day
a memorable one in the annals of Duncans and the Cowichan
district. The following programme was provisionally drawn
up at a meeting of the Finance and Sports committees on the
evening of  the 14th instant :
7 a. m., Thursday, 20th — Every man possessing a gun
to fire a salute.
10:45 a. m.—Coronation service at St. Peter's, attended
by Reeve and Council, friendly societies and the public, of
all denominations.
12:30 p. m.—'Basket picnic on the recreation grounds, if
fine, at the Agricultural Hall, if Avet. The reception committee will rejoice to see baskets containing a liberal margin
for strangers and the forlorn bachelor. AH Avill be warmly
2 p. m— The great baseball match of the season, the
"Duncans Diehards" vs. the '^Crofton Crushers," to be followed by athletic and old English sports, for Avhich a lengthy,
varied and entertaining programme has been prepared.
9 p. m. — The great bonfire on Mount Prevost will be lit.
There will also be a big bonfire at Duncans, and probably
fireworks and a ball.
" God Save the King."
One of the chief sporting features of the day will be the
baseball match with Crofton. The Duncan team has not
yet been fully organized, but the following list approximates
to the probable arrangement of places in it : Mr. H. Keast
(captain), shortstop; Mr. Andy Peterson, pitcher; Mr. Arthur L. Spear, catcher; Mr. 0. Smythe, first base; Dr. D. G.
Perry, second base; Mr. Alan Sutton, third base; Mr. F.
Lomas, right field; Mr. C. Grassie, centre field; Mr. William
Gate, left field. Spare men Avill be Messrs. D. Alexander
Jr., H. Drummond, L. Hooper, and if Mr. H. P. Peterson
returns in time from Cowichan Lake, he will probably secure
a place. The match promises to be a keen and exciting one,
and the visiting team are assured of a hot time during the
match, but a really splendid time afterwards, whether they
win or not.
Mi*, and Mrs. T. Jackson have been spending a day or
two in Duncans with Mrs. and Miss Hall. Mrs. Jackson's
brother, Mr. H. W. Hall, left for Siam on Monday morning,
Mr. J. E. Hall accompanying him as far as Victoria. Mr.
Hall occupies a position of importance in a big teak company
in Siam; in fact, speaking from a practical and not too
literal point of view, we believe he is king of Siam. He
found a six months' holiday pass all too quickly.
Mr. Fred. Holmes has put in a siding on the E. & N.
Railway between Duncans and Somenos, and is shipping three
carloads of cordAvood weekly to Victoria.
Mr. E. Hicks-Beach is back from tbe Queen Charlotte
Islands. He is one of the best known pioneers of the Bulkley
A general meeting of the Liberal-Conservative Association Avill be held on August 2nd, Avhen various matters of
interest wil be fully discussed.
Messrs. Pitt & Peterson, of Duncans Emporium, lost their
delivery waggon last week. The horse took fright and dashed
up the road into the bush, and nothing was ever seen of horse
or waggon again.
Captain Wasson. of the Key City mine, and Mr. Dier, of
the Copper Canyon property, are "up the hill."
Several stores at Crofton, B. C.    Apply to
Non-Personal Liability.
MacGregor Block,
Mr. James Murchie's new house is going up rapidly, and
is quite an imposing structure.
Mr. T. Pitt's new residence is nearly completed.
There was a special stage from Mount Sicker to -attend
the Odd Fellows' Lodge meeting, as also to take the members
back again.
We are told that a well-known Duncanite "insisted on
going into the Masonic Hall." We don't, however, quite
understand the allusion.
Mr. Harry Smith, best known of Duncanites, has just
returned from the mines in which he has large interests at
Cowichan Lake, and reports that prospects are very favourable   indeed.
Mr. W. F. Burton secured two fine steelheads in the river
the other day, and lost three others. He reports that fish
were simply swarming in tbe river.
The Lakeside Hotel is full up, and fishing is reported good
with minnow or spoon.
Mrs. J. L. Tait, of Victoria, caught a monster trout up
at Cowichan Lake last Aveek.
The Quamichan Hotel, Duncans, is now open to visitors,
but the formal opening with a dance and other festivities will
take place on Coronation Day.
At the Quamichan Hotel during the week have been registered: Mrs. W. F. Copley, Mount Sicker; Mrs. (Schuyler,
Nanaimo; Capt. and Mrs. Wasson, the Rev. W. TJ. Carr, of
Crofton; Mr. and Mrs. E. Gunns, from Mount Sicker; Mr.
Harry Kay, the Rev. H. Butsch, of Kuper Island, and the
Rev. J. Vulligho and the Rev. William Thompson, of
Saanich; Mr. F. C. Harris, of NoAra Scotia: Mr. C. Prudam,
of Nanaimo; Messrs. A. G. Fellowes and W. J. Tonkins, of
Ontario; and Messrs. L. N. Nicholson, F. A. Galbraith, J.
Graham and F. Landsberg, of Victoria.
At tbe Tzouhalem Hotel, Duncans, during the Aveek have
been registered: Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Kent, of Vancouver;
Archdeacon and Mrs. Scriven; Mrs. Raymur and Miss Law-
son. Mrs. Kiddie, Mr. G. R. Kiddie. Mr. and Mrs. W.
Mclnnes, His Lordship Bishop Orth; Mr.' E. E. Clarke, of
Australia; Messrs. W. F. and E. V. Mitchell, also Frank
Ticehurst. from England; Mr. C. W. Wyllys. of H. M. S.
Egeria; Lieut. G. V. Knox, R. N.. of H. M. S. Grafton;
Messrs. E. A. Evans and S. H. Hathaway, of Seattle; Mr.
L. iStormebrink, of Yokohama; Mr. Alex. Rennie, from Sydney, Australia; Mr. John Byers, from San Francisco; Mr.
Duncan McRae, from Edinburgh, Scotland; Mr. Nelson
Crone, of Toronto; Mr. J. B. Lowes, of Sausalito. Cab: Mr.
S. B. Hoy. of Portland; Mr. Eric Molander, of Mount Sicker
and Port Townsend; and Messrs. H. Mortimer Lamb. L. E.
Blandy, F. J. Hall, Gordon Smith. William Monteith, Charles
Rhodes, F. McGurn, G. C. Howell. W. E. Staneland. D. B.
Netherby, W. F. Irwin. E. Hicks-Beach, W.' F. Burton. W.
Andrews, H. Ruckle, Capt. Macdonald, the Rev. G. Dorval,
and Mr. Abraham Smith, the American consul.
Mr. Harry Kay has been down from Ladysmith to interview the Cowichan Indians with regard to the Dominion Day
celebration, in which war canoe races wil be an important
Mr. S. Robinson is down at Victoria as a delegate from
Duncans to the Grand Lodge of Free Masons, held in
that   city.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Howe, of Chemainus, have been paying
a short visit to Victoria.
The steamer Strathcona has arrived from Port Simpson,
nnd all Croftonians are rejoiced at the thought of being able
to travel in a really comfortable and fast boat on the beautiful passage between Sidney and Crofton. It is announced
that Monday next will see the inauguration of the new
steamer service between Sidney and Nanaimo, calling at
Crofton and Chemainus. Mr. James Anderson, general manager of the Victoria Terminal & Sidney Railway, is making
arrangements for special trains to be run in connection with
tho new steamer service. The schedule is not yet publicly
announced, but it is understood that the Strathcona will leave
Nanaimo about 7 a.m., calling at Crofton about 10 a.m.. and
arriving at Sidney about noon. At 2 p. m. she will leave the
latter port, call in at Crofton about 4 p. m., and roach Nanaimo again in the evening about 7 p. m. She can steam 17
knots an hour if necessary, and with a considerable freight
capacity, she can also carry some 2">0 passengers. From all
accounts, it will be a luxury to travel in her.
(Incorporated i86i.)
Manufacturers   of  High   Explosives,   Stumping   Powder,   Blasting,
Mining and Sporting Powder.    Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head office : Montreal.    Branch office: Victoria.    Local offices :
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland and Greenwood.     Works:  Nanaimo.
A splendid stock of LAWN  TENNIS  GOODS made
by Wright & Ditson and  Ayres,   including Racquets,
Balls,  Poles,   Nets,   Presses,  etc.      Croquet Sets and
other  summer games.
M. W. WA1TT & CO., 44 Government St., Victoria.
Cor. Govt, and Johnson Sts., Victoria, B. C.   Tel. 32.    P. O. Box 1
Wholesale and Retail Butchers.    Contractors by appointmen
to His Majesty's Royal Navy, The Dominion Government, etc.
Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
Home Comforts.    Moderate Rates.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      -      CROFTON, B. C
Established  for six  years  at Chemainus.
Best Meat at most liberal
Joan Avenue,      -      -      Crofton, B. C.
GUTTA percha fuse
Holman Bros.
Patent Rock Drill.
Drills  and  Accessories, Columns and Tripods,
Manufacturers of Air Compressors and all
kinds of Mining Machinery.
Rowland Machin, Gen'' Agent-
The New Smelting Centre of
the Pacific Coast.
Real Estate Brokers
The Lenora Mt. Sicker Copper
Mining Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability),
TO LET.—Several Stores at Crofton, B. C.    Apply to above.
Agent for DUNCANS, V. I.
London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Co.
Royal Insurance Co.
By special arrangement with the B. C. Mining Record we nre
able to offer particularly advantageous terms for combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the Crofton Gazette for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton Publishing Co., Crofton
or the B. C. Mining Record, P. O. Box 645, Victoria.


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