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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News May 29, 1902

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 Ok Crofton Gazette
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL. 1.
CROFTON, B. C, THURSDAY,   MAY   29, 1902.
NO. 14
THE smelter being built at Crofton by the Northwestern
Smelting & Refining Company is now nearing the time
wihen it will be ready to receive ores. The ore bins
are completed all but the gates, and these are on the ground
and can be put in at any moment. The trestle railway leading to the bins will be (finished in about a week, and then
nothing remains to prevent the shipment of ore to the smelter
but the completion of the ferry slip and the laying of the
rails on the wharf. This work will enable the train loads of
machinery that are now lying at Liverpool, consigned to the
Northwestern Smelting & Refining Co., to be brought over,
at the 200-foot level can be distinctly heard. On the vein,
ledge or fissure plant, or whatever else you like to call it, on
which the mines are located, two immense chutes or lenses
of ore have been developed, one on the Lenora and one on
tho Tyee. They are practically on the same straight line, but
are separated by some distance of barren ground. It is quite
possible, of course, that they are really both one deposit, a
central portion of which has been throivn to one side by some
lateral pressure. The ore in both is of exactly the same
chaiacter, a massive chalcopyrite in a barytie gangue, carrying a high percentage of copper and very steady and uniform
values in gold and silver. Tlie Lenora chute is developed by
two main tunnel levels, with intermediate stoping floors.   All
Forty Thousand Tons of Ore on the Lenora Dump.
(Special photograph for the Crofton Gazette).
and we understand that the sampling machinery is in this
Our illustration shows a picture of 40,000 tons of ore
lying on the Lenora-Mount Sicker Copper Mining Company's
dump ready for shipment. This is representative of the basic
supply upon which the smelter works will primarily depend.
The tonnage of ore here shown deposited on the bare hillside
is but a fraction of the millions of tons that lie buried
•beneath Mount Sicker. The "Colonist" thus writes of the
■Leiiora mine :
In dealing with the general topography of the mineral
zone it is hard to describe the ILenora and the Tyee as
separate mines. They are really separately owned and operated segments of the same mine. At the extreme eastern
fi'ce of the second level of the Lenora mine, for instance, the
tapping of the machine drill in the westerly drift on the Tyee
the ore shipped from the Lenora has had to be hand-sorted
up to a certain grade, and there is left not merely a very large
amount of ore unbroken in the mine, but a very large dump
of second-grade ore, which can all be profitably treated with
the improved facilities now being procured. In addition to
the two levels on which ore has been developed, there is a
long adit tunnel on the third level, on which over 1,(500 feet
of exploratory wor khas been done. So far the main Lenora
deposit has not been discovered on this level, and it is a question whether it has been faulted or does not come down to this
level at all. As the formation is regular and it looks as
though the fissure had been caught, it is likely that, so far as
this ore body is concerned, its limits lie above this level. On
tho other hand, it is practically certain that the zone makes
ore bodies lower down, and mining in such a formation, such
a grade of ore would be too easy a way of making money if THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
there were no barren ground. On this level, however, another
vein has been encountered, conttining a different character of
ore and averaging much higher in gold and silver values. Iu
a crosscut from a 40-foot upraise from this level, 24 feet of
very high-grade ore were recently encountered. Too little
work has been done on this vein for it to be said that there is
any ore in sight, but the indications are most satisfactory and
encouraging, and the ore in this vein is of so high a grade
that it is likely to add very much to the profit-earning capacity
of the mine. Great preparations are being made for the re-
opei.ing of the mine when shipments are again possible. A
new 90 horse-power boiler is being installed and a belt conveyor, designed by Mr. Henry Croft himself, on which the
ore will be roughly sorted as it passes from the mine to the
cars. The Colonist representative was shown great courtesy
while at Mount Sicker, both by Mr. Croft and by Mr. Buxton,
the superintendent of the Lenora. Mr. Buxton is an old
Comstock lode miner. It is a pleasure to go through the
mine with him. He is as familiar with the ground as with
the pages of a well-thumbed book, and has the nose of an old
hound for variations in the formation and indications of ore.
Tlie Lenora mine owes a good deal to his experience and
WE clip the following from the Vancouver "World."
The iron mining industry of British Columbia should
find its headquarters in Vancouver Island, where not
only are enormous deposits of iron ore, but also the most
favourable means of  transportation exist.
" There is no doubt of the importance of an iron industry
to the people of this province," W. D. Verschoyle said this
morning. Mr. Verschoyle is a mining man who is interested
in negotiations which are now going on relative to the transfer of iron properties in this province. "'What British Columbia needs is more local industries, more opportunities for the
employment of labour, and consequently more money placed
in circulation, and, once started on a sound basis, there is
probably no industry that would be so beneficial to this province as iron smelting and manufacturing. It means millions
of dollars expended in costly plant, machinery and the purchase of iron lands, and it means large pay rolls and large
and solid companies, because iron is a metal that must be
worked in a large way to obtain the best results, and' if you
aim at large production and competition in the markets of
the world, with such old producers as England and the States,
it is imperative that every step shall be considered in detail,
and every saving which can be effected by capital in turning
the raw ore into the finished product shall be taken advantage of. The question is, can this province compete with
England and the States? I think there is no doubt on this
point. It is claimed by Eastern iron men that they are able
to send their *pig' to the markets which can be entered by
British Columbia, at the same rates that we can command.
That is to say that it would cost no more to send a ton of
'pig' across America and the Pacific Ocean to Japan than it
would to send it across the Pacific Ocean alone.
"This may be so, but personally I am inclined to doubt it;
but even conceding this point, I maintain that we can put the
'pig' f. o. b. ocean steamers at a smaller cost than it is possible in the East, always supposing that our plants are of
equal efficiency. But even conceding the point that we cannot manufacture any cheaper, and supposing that we are
simply capable of landing the 'pig' in Japan at the same price
as our competitors, we shall have a pull that no amount of
engineering and financing will surmount; — and that is that
the quality.of our iron will be better, and will, therefore, hold
its own on'its merits.
" In this opinion I am not alone. If I was at liberty to
do so, I could quote the opinions of men who have made a
life study of iron and who have had no hesitation in stating it
to be a fact that as to the extent of the iron and the suitability for working, there are enormous bodies of magnetite,
hematite and specular ore, long known to exist on the coast
of British Columbia and in Southern Alaska. Many of them
would represent fortunes in their undeveloped state if in the
proximity of large iron centres, and within a few years they
will represent fortunes in their present situations, but the
fortunes will belong to Americans, who, far-seeing enough to
recognize their prospective values, are now quietly acquiring
the best deposits known, by purchase and location.
" The chief advantages we have here over the Eastern
mines are that the ore bodies are closer to water transportation, and millions of tons can be treated without any rail
haul. In many cases the ore can be dumped direct from the
mine car into gravity -bins at the blast furnaces. Mining
operations can be continued the whole year around, and it is
therefore unnecessary to have extensive stock ore piles and
cot sequent'large amount of capital tied up, as is the case
with many Eastern companies owing to their hard winters.
In fact, the cost of assembling the necessary ores, fluxes,
coke and supplies will be considerably less per ton of 'pig
than it is in the East, because we will have only a short
water transportation, as against hundreds of miles of water
and rail which in many instances the smelters of the East
must. face.
"As to the extent of the markets commanded by this
country, we might reasonably hope to obtain a footing in
South America, Australasia, Japan, China and the Straits
Settlements. The aggregate yearly trade done by this country _ with England and the United States amounts to
$125,000,000 in raw and manufactured iron products. In
consideration of the favourable situation of this country I
think it would not be unreasonable to expect that we can
obtain a large percentage of this business, and if we only
succeeded in diverting 10 per cent, it would mean $12,000,000
a year to this country, out of which at least 50 per cent,
would toe put in circulation as distributed wages and cost
of   suoolies.
"I am in a position to know that before the end of this
year at least two large companies, and possibly more, will be
operating on the Coast, and will be preparing to turn out iron
and steel n a scale commensurate with the magnitude of the
markets they intend to compete in; and the advantages to
be gained by British Columbia are so enormous that it
behooves the government and people of this province to do
everything in their power to aid in the initiation of such a
valuable industry."
(By Fred. A. Jones, A. B. M. E.)
THE attention of lumbermen, as indeed of every mill
man, has been directed at times in recent years to the
advantages of the electric drive over the various forms
of mechanical drive. Up to the present time, however, only
a few lumber mills have adopted the electric drive. I believe
the next year will witness a marked increase in the electrical
H. I'. used in the driving of lumber mills. I believe the
history of the electrically driven cotton mills will be repeated
as the electrically driven lumber mill. The first textile
establishments using electrical transmission were in Connecticut and Massachusetts, but to the Southern manufacturer is
due the honour of first adopting the system which is now in
most general use. The operation of the large cotton mills at
Columbia, S. C, by a large number of small electric motors
was so successful and satisfactory that many large mills soon
followed their lead, using both steam and water power for fhe
generation of the electric current. In June, 1899, the total
electric power used in the driving of textile establishments
was 13,000 H. P. One year from that time this amount was
increased to 80,000 H. P., with more rapid growth since. On
the surface of these facts is an unanswerable argument: If
textile manufacturers have found it to their interest to use
electrical transmission, even when the electrical energy had
to be generated by steam, how much greater benefit should
accrue to [the lumber mill when the power is more widely
scattered; the convenient and cheap handling of the product
is one of the most important items, and when a tramway or
cable way may be operated by electric power if desired. I
believe portable motors can even be taken into the forest and
used for felling the trees.
If I were allowed a lengthy discussion I would! be glad
to point out to you in detail the advantages of the electric
drive. Dr. Bell, in his book on " Electric Power Transmission," gives the following comparison of the efficiencies
of  the various  methods   of   ransmission of power :
—Per cent. Efficiency-
System. Full Load.   Half Load.
Wire rope      68 46
Hydraulic high pressure   53 45
Hydraulic low  pressure    50 50
Pneumatic    50 40
Pneumatic ,re-heated (virtual efficiency)   (55 50
Electric      73 65
I know of one case where power was transmitted in a mill
b|.v shafts and belts where the horse-power at full, load was
140 H. P.; with the machines running, but doling no Work,
it. was 80 H. F. — 80 H. P. required to overcome friction.
You really have no conception of how much power you might
save, but I believe the reduction in labour due to convenience of handling, if the electric drive were adopted, is even a
greater item of saving in expense. Add to these points the
additional that you can operate lights from the same machine
you use for power, that you can place your planing mill a
mile from your saw mill if you desire, in fact can disregard
position of machines, that you can now obtain motors that
give no spark and hence cause no increased fire risk, and
you have some of the arguments for the electric drive. The
lumbermen of the South, and especially of Texas and
^Louisiana, by their enterprise, by the superiority of their
product, by the actual amount of annual business, have taken
the lead far ahead of their competitors of other climes. I
would have you retain it. — The Southern Industrial and
Lumber Review, Texas, U. S.
Miss 'Grassie, of  Duncans, has been spending a fortnight
visiting Mrs. Pelky at Ladysmith. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
(By F. W. Hodson, Live Stock Commissioner.)
AS a means of converting the raw products of the farm
into more saleable forms, the good dairy cow is without a peer. The good beefing animal will pay very
little more than market prices for food from birth to
shrmbles. The sheep, with her fleece and her lambs, gives
only a very modest profit on food consumed. The pig and the
hen, if wisely fed, do much .better than either of the above,
but it is very seldom that the returns from either of them
go beyond one dollar and fifty cents for one dollar's worth of
food consumed.
The dairy cow, however, frequently goes as high as two
dollars' worth of product for one dollar's worth of food, and
many a cow has been known to give twoi dollars and fifty
cents' worth of products for one dollar's worth of food consumed. Most herds fall far short of such a high return.
The reasons may be summarized as lack of breeding, improper or insufficient feeding, and lack of judgment and
manajgeme,nt. Every dairy held should average over $50
worth of products per cow per year. If your herd is not
giving you such a return, you are not doing it justice. Possibly every individual in the herd is not a No. 1 dairy cow,
but do you know which are really doing good work, and the
relative merits of the different cows ?
In order to know your cows, you must keep a daily record
of the milk yielded by each cow. We would like to see you
do this. We are willing to help you do it. During the past
year a number of dairy farmers, at our suggestion, made an
effort along this line. The results were most satisfactory.
In our possession are many farmers' letters, emphasizing the
importance and value of such records, both as a guide in
selecting cows aud as an effective means of directly improving the actual herd. The extra outlay required is very small.
We would supply you with record forms, for a time at least.
The keeping of* such records takes about one-half minute
per cow per day. The outlay for a balance would be from
fifty cents to five dollars.
The increased flow of milk due to keeping such a record
where ten cows are kept would pay for the balance in a week.
Keeping milking records induces a spirit of interest and competition among milkers, and, in the mind of the milker,
among the cows milked toy the same milker. Rapid, clean
and careful milking will raise the average return from a cow
by from 2 to 10 per cent., according tot the cow; the better
the cow the greater the increase.
If you ever sell cows, the ability to give an accurate milk
record will, generally speaking, raise a cow's value and
facilitate the sale. Especially is this true if she is a purebred. Further, knowing the returns from each cow in any
herd, you are in a position to easily select for breeding; besides, in almost every herd are found '^boarders"—cows that
pay a very low price for their food, leave no profit, and frequently nre kept at a loss. They should toe detected and fed
off for beef. Keeping a milk record is a sure way to discover
them. To the breeder of pure-bred stock of any of the
milking breeds—Jersey, Guernsey, Canadian or milking Shorthorn strains—the daily milk record should be quite as important as the breeding record. We venture the assumption that
in a very few years every breed putting forward any claims
as a dairy breed will be making a specialty of milk records.
The reasons are obvious. Beauty of style, color and conformation are very important, and where the breeder makes
his money in some other line than farming, he may be able
to keep animals for their looks alone. Those who are farming 'for money must look to the profit side of everything.
With them "Handsome is as handsome does."
The Holstein men have made a movement in the right
direction with their advanced registry; the Guernsey breeders
are working along similar lines. It would thus seem to be a
good thing for some breeds, and it would be the most important step for improvement that you ever made, if you decide
to introduce it. ^ ...       ,
The Experimental Farm, Ottawa, will send you forms for
keeping the daily record, as well as forms whereon to make
a summary to be kept for reference. When you write for the
forms, please state the number of cows kept, and address all
letters to " J. H. Grisdale, Agriculturist, Experimental
Farm Ottawa, Ont."    Letters so addressed come post free.
In sowing seeds, they must be covered to exclude light,
be deep enough to find moisture, tout not too deep to prevent
air reaching them. Warm moist air is exactly what they
As a rule small seeds such as cabtoage, turnips and others
•of a similar size may be covered about half an inch deep.
Onion, carrot, parsnip and radish seeds about an inch: spin-
nach and beet nearly two inches, peas three inches, and beans
four inches; but all are better sown deeper in summer, when
the ground is dry, than in the early spring, when it is moist.
Out-of-town Customers can shop very easily by mail if they only care to use
the advantages of our Mail-Order System. If you can't come in person write
for anything you want, a postcard will bring you samples and information. Experienced clerks will execute order the same day as received.     Money Back if
not Satisfied.
8o Government Street, VICTORIA, B. C.
Victoria, B. C.
tzouhalem hotel,
Stage to Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake, every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.
Price Bros.,
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability,
Victoria, B, C.
Thorpe's Ginger Ale
Prize Medal
World's Fair.
78 Yates St., Corner Broad,
The Crofton Gazette
The Crofton Publishing Co.
Managing Editor, Henry II. Newill
$1.00 per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces and contracts by arrangement.
All communications for the present to P. O. Duncans or Crofton.
THURSDAY,   MAY 29, 1902.
THE town of Crofton has now assumed a state of considerable importance on the Island. The smelter being
erected by the Northwestern Smelting & Refining Company is in an advanced stage of construction, and within a
few weeks train-loads and boat-loads of ores will be arriving
for treatment. The sampling house is ready for work ne soon
as the rock crusher and the sampling machinery shall have
anived, and its transportation, it is to be hoped, will be possible in a few days, as soon as tbe rails are laid on tbe wharf
and the ferry slip is completed. The excavation for the furnaces and converters is at length brought to a successful
accomplishment, and" the building in which the machinery
connected with this work is to be placed will be run up in a
very short time. The large stack which is to carry the
fumes 125 feet into the air is going up at the rate of five to
seven feet a day, and everything points to the smelting works
being ready for blowing in on the 1st July. The town meanwhile is growing. Two or three new houses are going up on
King street. Officials connected with the smelting works are
daily arriving, and house room is badly needed for the employees. Mr. H. Croft has arranged for a number of small
houses to be built for the accommodation of families arriving,
and these will be ready for occupation within a few weeks.
Sidewalks are badly needed, and these will be constructed
along the whole length of Joan avenue on the north side up
to Mr. Dyke's store, where the telephone is located, and on
the south side of the street as far as Mr. Broadw'ell's store,
which is also the post office. Sidewalks will also be laid
along Queen street facing the wharf, and up Robert street
for a short distance. An eyesore in the town is the stumps
that still remain on either side of Joan avenue; the middle
part of the street is being levelled and finished off, but rthe
stumps on either side still remain, and detract considerably
from the businesslike aspect of the town. We understand,
however, that these will be removed without delay. The
other needs of Crofton may be summed up in a few words.
We want a school, and we want an additional postal service
via the stage to Westholme. The "Copper Queen" did not
win the yacht race at Victoria on Victoria Day, but she will
win many races yet, and the same thing may be said of the
town. Crofton has come to stay, and as a smelting centre
she runs a very good chance of  winning the day.
We hear that arrangements have been completed by the
V. T. & S. Railway Co. for the purchase of the "Stratheona"
stern-wheel steamer, which has lately been running on the
Stilvine River.     Certain alterations have been made in her,
andf these are in hand, but she will probably be on the
Crofton and Nanaimo run within a fortnight. Meanwhile a
large new steamer, the "Unican," has been chartered to take
this service. She brought up some 40 tons of machinery for
the smelter company on Tuesday last. A really good steamboat service is what we want, and Mr. James Anderson seems
to be the right man to give it to us.
With regard to the eternal weir question, Mr. E. Musgrave had a very sensible letter in the Colonist on Sunday
last. He suggested that the matter should be threshed out
hy a committee of three persons to sit at Duncans, representative Indians being invited to attend and state their views.
This is exactly what we want. We want the question
settled one way or another, but the Indians must be given a
full vote in the settlement.
The Ladysmith "Leader" draws attention to "Lowery's
Wisdom," and as one of the New Denver philosopher's .best
thoughts quotes the following : " The first ads you put in a
paper may not bring many enquiries, but keep at it and; you
will wear diamonds, as well as the editor." Speaking as an
editor, we have not seen the glint of the diamonds yet. No
dcubt Ave will later on.
The British Columbia Board of Trade will henceforth be
known as the "Victoria, British Columbia, Board of Trade,"
sanction to the change of name having been obtained from
the Lieutenant-Governor. At the general meeting of this
body held on the 19th instant, Messrs. Henry Croft, Harry
Smith, C. H. Dickie, M. P. P., C. Livingston and Lindley
Crease were named on a committee to represent Cowichan
district on the Board.
Trains will run between  Central Station Victoria, and
Sidney as follows:
Leave Victoria at    8.oo a. m.   4.00 p. in.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "        5.45   "
Leave Victoria at 8.00 a. m.   2.00 p. m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "        5.45   •«
Connects at Sidney with morning train DAILY for
CROFTON.    Returning connects with
evening train for Victoria.
Special Sunday Excursion to Crofton leaves Victoria 9 a. m.
Fare, round trip, $1.00
The formation has been graded down to the wharf, and
the rails will be laid com ecting the main line with the wharf
in a few days. The slip for the ferry is practically completed, and the twelve carloads of machinery that are waiting
at Liverpool will be brought across without much further
Amongst the machinery lying at Liverpool awaiting the
inauguration of the ferry service are the samplers and the
ore elevator. The sampling house is otherwise ready for ore,
as are the ore bins also, and the trestles upon which the railway will be carried to the level of the bins will be completed
in about ai week. In the sampling house all ores brought to
the smelter will be crushed and mechanically sorted into
small parcels for the assay office. The building of the assay
office is completed.
A Victoria syndicate formed by Mr. Croft has undertaken
the erection of dwelling houses for the convenience of
smelter employees and others at Crofton. On Monday last a
contract was let to Mr. W. F. Craig for the erection of six
houses, and the work will be commenced at once.
Fifty-two regular boarders dined at the Osborne Hotel on
Several more tanks are to be placed at the head of the
water-pipe leading from the flume at the top of iRobert street
in i o town.
Messrs. P. Calvert, J. E. Prevost, A. Grassie and W.
Prevost, all from Duncans, visited Crofton on Saturday last,
and put up at the Osborne Hotel.
Amongst visitors to Crofton on Sunday were several
members of the family of Mr. H. Bonsall, our worthy
Mr. J. T. Pearce has erected a splendid flag-staff at the
coiner of the Osborne Hotel. The pole is a ifine specimen of
timber cut in the vicinity, and is nearly 80 feet high.
Mr. B. Bracco has lately been staying at the Crofton
Hotel. He is the master mechanic of the smelter works, and
is at present superintending the transport of  machinery.
Miss Agnes Deans Cameron, principal of the South Park
iSchool, Victoria, with Miss Spears, a teacher, have been staying at Crofton, and "think the place lovely." They resided
at the Crofton Hotel.
Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Rombauer and family arrived in
Crofton on Monday. Mr. Rombauer is the head chemist at
the smelter.
Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Anderson came down to Crofton on
Sunday. Mr. Anderson has been appointed electrician at the
smelting works. iWe hope he will electric light the town as
well as the smelter buildings. Mr. and Mrs. Anderson are
staying at the Osborne Hotel.
Mr. George Lewis went to Crofton on Saturday to meet
Mrs. Lewis, who was expected from Victoria, but she did not
turn up, and Mr. George Lewis accordingly waited for moonlight to enable him to return to Duncans. His description of
the road and the moon combined, is exquisite.
Mr. W. Wiukel, of Victoria, who was lately working
under Messrs. Smith <& Sherbourne on the smelter construction, has had the good fortune to be appointed one of the
Canadian Coronation Contingent, representing the "Strath-
conas," in which regiment he served with distinction iu
South Africa.
The Jaynes family and friends of Duncans added considerably- to the population of Crofton on Sunday 'last. With
waggonettes and bicycles and cameras they invaded the new
town and overran it, and Mr. and Mrs. Jaynes expressed
themselves as greatly charmed with the beauty of the situation and the townsite.
The steamer Iroquois being laid up for repairs, and the
steamer Mystery taking her run, a little steam launch, the
Bute, was on Monday requisitioned to bring up and take back
th* mails. Being obliged to take in water in a neighbouring
bay, and this by means of a simple coal-oil tin, she simply
losfe a jot of time and missed the train, and the mail had
consequently to be taken from Sidney to Victoria on a velocipede. We have a poem in hand describing the trip, but it is
crowded out this week. It is entitled. "The Purser and the
Editor, and How They Brought the Crofton Mail to Town."
As to whether the outside rim of a wheel goes faster than
the hub, the question is to be interpreted by the meaning given
the word "goes." If motion through the air is meant, the
rim of the wheel "goes" faster, as it has the same total forward motion as the hub, and additionally a motion of rotation.
Keast's Livery Stable.
Operating Crofton and Mt. Sicker Stages.
Daily connecting with all E. & N.  Railway Trains.
Daily, Sundays excepted.
H. KEAST, Proprietor.
Civil Engineer and Provincial  Land  Surveyor.
If you are contemplating
building we shall be
pleased to give you an
HtCAD Office:
159 Yates Street,
Electric Power.
Phone A750.
The Flour that makes the Best Bread
is sold by
Try it.    Moose Jaw is the brand.
Established 1878.
Wholesale  Importer and Dealer  in All Kinds ok Merchandise.
Depot for Giant Powder Co.       B. C. Pottery Co.
Duncans. Quamichan.
Manufacturer of '
Dairy Chop and All Kinds of Mill Stuffs.por Feeding
Complete  Housefurnishings,
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
Duncans anb Cowicban local Wews.
The opening meet of the Cowichan Lawn Tennis Club
took place on Saturday, the 24th instant. Rain spoilt the
piny somewhat, but the afternoon was pleasantly spent by
the numerous members present in enjoyment of the hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Pimbury. The season which has just
opened is the fifteenth of this flourishing club's existence. The
club grounds are situated on Mr. Pimbury's beautiful property overlooking Cowichan Bay, and here every Saturday
afternoon some seventy or eighty members congregate to get
a good game of tennis or to meet their friends; afternoon tea
being kindly supplied iby the ladies of the club in rotation.
Nothing more enjoyable can he imagined than these weekly
re-unions, and to the generosity of Mr. Pimbury, who annually
places the grounds at the disposal of the club, every member
is very greatly indebted.
The regular meeting of the Cowichan Liberal Association
will be held at Duncans on Monday, June 2nd, at 8 p. m.
The announcement is made by Mr. Alex. Herd, the secretary
of   the association.
On the 22nd instant H. Colwell was brought up before J.
Maitland-Dougall, Esq., at Duncans, for selling liquor to
Indians, and committed to jail for one month, failing the payment of a fine of $50. He was taken up to Nanaimo jail on
Saturday night by Mr. A. H. Lomas, provincial constable.
Mr. L. A. Seller, brother of Mrs. J. Evans, was fortunate
enough to secure a black wolf up the Chemainus River, near
the mines being worked by the International Mining Co., of
which Mr. Rhinehart is a. director. Mr. Rhinehart, in whose
possession the blnck wolf's skin is at present, proposes to
send it down to Mr. Fannin, curator of the museum at Victoria. It will be worth stuffing, being a huge animal of its
kind, nnd weighed nearly 80 pounds when shot.
Mr. George Lewis' logging camp is in full swing. He has
already about one million feet of timber in the water, his
contract with the Cowichan Lumber Co. being for five millions, but before the fall his output, ready for sending down
the river, will largely exceed this quantity. He has 38 men
and 11 horses at work. We only wish there were half a
dozen others like him developing the timber riches of the
Mr. R. H. Whidden, wheelwright and builder and a well-
esteemed resident of Duncans, was appointed delegate from
Maple Lodge, No. 15, K. of P., to the annual conference at
Vancouver. Last year this conference took place at Revelstoke ; next year it will be at Vernon. We understand that
nenrlv $10,000 were granted in benefits by this association
during last year. The order is growing fast. In British
Columbia alone it added nearly 200 members to its roll during
1901, and over the whole continent more than 23,000 new
members. The Supreme Lodge of the world meets California in August.
A performance will be given by the Cowichan Dramatic
Society on .Tune 5th in aid of the Alderlea Fire Company.
This is a most laudable object, and no doubt the entertainment will be most successful and lucrative, and especially is
its excellence assured by the management of so clever a
histrione ns Mrs. de M. Mellin. The Cowichan Dramatic
Society have already distinguished themselves in the comedy
thev gave at the Easter tea, nnd the Alderlea Fire Company
should reap the rich harvest they deserve. .Thanks to this
fire company, the late fire at the old Quamichan Hotel did
not spread throughout the town. It is to be hoped that the
fire engine which is so badly needed will forthwith be forthcoming.	
Who is "Andy," and where's the baby ?
Mr.  and Mrs. T. Pitt were down at the celebration   in
Victoria. ,       .  „      ,. ,  -r, ...
Mr \ Peterson and many other influential Duncanites
have been down at the Victoria celebration of  the 24th.
Mr James Murchie is building a large residence at the
foot of Craig street.    The lumber is already on the ground.
Mr. T. A. Wood went up Hutcheson Creek, at the other
end of Cowichan Lake, last week, and found something rich,
so it is said.    We hope so.
Mrs. Milton Edgson went on Wednesday last to Victoria
with her third daughter, to pay a visit to Mrs. H. A. S.
Morley, and take in the celebration.
Mr. E. M. Skinner was unfortunately obliged to come
down from his survey work on Mount Sicker, owing to a bad
attack of grippe; but he has returned now. He lis surveying mineral claims for Mr. E. W. Molander.
Messrs. H. Paget and Clayton have just arrived from
the Old Country. They own large interests in the Duncans
Mining & Development Company.
Admiral Rose and Sir R. Musgrave have gone up to
Cowichan Lake. They are coming down the river in a
canoe, and will take about a week over the trip.
We hear that the Lakeside Hotel at Cowichan Lake has
lately been full to overflowing. It belongs to the Messrs.
Price Bros., of the Tzouhalem Hotel, Duncans, and between
the fishing and the scenery and the courteous proprietors,
visitors have a good time.
At the Tzouhalem Hotel during the week have been registered, amongst others, Miss Lilly Pallant and Mr. J. E. Sullivan, of Chemainus; Mr. H. D. Morton, of Cowichan Lake;
Mr. W. J. Goepel, government inspector, from Nelson; Mr.
E. W. Molander, of Port Townseud; Mr. W. Atkinson, from
Esquimalt; Mr. J. R, Maylor, of the Bank of B. N. A., Victoria; and Messrs. T. Burniside, of Vancouver, and B. J.
Perry, George Maupin, A. Barrett, George Robson, J. Mann
(of Bradburn & Mason), George Harvey, N. Curtis, Lampton,
R. ;Harris, J. Forman, Skene Lowe, T. E. Woolridge, Ed. C.
Hilton and Thomas Green.
The "Strathcona Hotel," Shawnigan Lake, which was
opened last week for the season, under the able management
of Mr. Henry Moxon, we are glad to note, has been well
supported by the travelling public. Amongst those spending
the holidays at delightful Strathcona were Mr. and Mrs. M.
W. Lawrence, Seattle; Mr. and Mrs. T. N. Woodgate, Esquimalt; Mr. T. R. Davies, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Kayton, Mr.
A. B. Fraser Jr., Misses Amy and Bertha Fraser, Mr. and
Mrs. A. L. Belyea and family, Victoria; Mr. A. St. G.
Hammersley, Vancouver; Mrs. and the Misses Rickaby,
Dominion  Hotel,
BETTER than the rates indicate.
Board and room $1.25 and up per day.
Room only 50 cents to $1.50 per day.
Hay, Grain and Mill Feed
The B^ackman-Ker Milling Co.,
MOST of those at Crofton and in the Cowichan district
who did not desire a, very quiet holiday went either to
Victoria or Nanaimo to the celebrations. At Victoria
two events came off of special interest to our readers. One
■was the race of the yacht "Copper Queen," built at Crofton,
and the other was the contest between the Indian war canoes.
In other interesting events the racing crews of H. M. S.
Phaeton proved themselves supreme.
"Where is the 'Copper Queen?' " was the cry Ion the cliff
at Beacon Hill, Victoria, where many Croftonians were
assembled to watch the "B" class yacht race. The starting
gun "was ifired, and nearly a dozen other yachts crossed the
line with their white iwiugs spread, and trailed away towards
the mark-ship, and every one of them passed the "Queen"
bowling down in the opposite direction to round the starting
boat. It was a great pity that the Crofton representative did
not get a better start, as in the first leg of the race, a reach
out to the ship, she passed every other competitor but one.
In rounding the ship, however, she got into some trouble,
being fouled by another boat, and this practically
lost her the race. In the beat across to the Pearllne
buoy she held her own well, and in the run home to
the winning line she simply walked through her opponents,
who sagged away to leeward whilst she kept an almost straight
course. The "Dione" won a good race, but the "Copper
Queen" came in fourth, giving time to the "Redskin," which
was one of the first boats over the starting line. "Beaten, but
covered with honour" was the verdict of all with regard to the
Crofton boat, and Mr. Parker Clark, who sailed her, and
Messrs. H. Griffiths, Fred. Clark and J. W. McDonald, who
comprised her crew, have every reason to hope for a winning
verdict as soon as they have gained a better acquaintance
with the conditions of  the course.
The most exciting race of the regatta at Victoria was
undoubtedly that between the Indians in their 40-foot war
canoes. In the first and principal race, crews of 11 men each
from Kuper Island, Saanich, Valdez and ILummi contested.
From the very start the crews got off at lightning speed,
Valdez and Kuper Island slightly in the front, and on the
return from Deadmau's Island the two boats were almost
level, bow and bow, the whole distance. It was a splendid
sight to watch these two competing crews, competing as if
for dear life, every muscle extended, every paddle churning
the water, and the quivering canoes shooting forward to the
verdict. The long race was a splendid test of strength and
endurance. On the bank, one said Kuper Island had it,
another said Valdez, and as the two crews crossed the winning line two shots went off almost simultaneously from the
flag barge. The verdict was a few inches for Valdez, who
took first prize, Kuper Island retaining its laurels, and we
congratulate this splendid crew.
In the second race Cowichan also was represented, but
we hope to congratulate this crew another time. The Lummi,
from the American side, won, with Saanich second and
Valdez third.
In the klootchmen's race a fine contest was afforded
course was short, and the whole race could be viewed.
Indian ladies put their heart and soul into their paddles
Saanich canoe made the running and crossed the winning line
first, closely followed by Lummi second and Valdez third.
We congratulate our Saanich neighbours.
Turner  Beeton  &  Co.,  Ltd,,
Sole Agents for
ROBERT   BROWN'S 4-Crown Scotch Whiskey.
PLAYER'S Navy Cut Tobaccos and Cigarettes.
(Incorporated 1861.)
Manufacturers   of   High   Explosives,   Stumping   Powder,   Blasting,
Mining and Sporting Powder.    Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head office : Montreal. Branch office: Victoria. Local offices :
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland and Greenwood.     Works:  Nanaimo.
A splendid stock of LAWN  TENNIS  GOODS made
by Wright & Ditson and  Ayres,  including Racquets,
Balls,  Poles,   Nets,   Presses,   etc.      Croquet Sets and
other summer games.
M. W. WA1TT & CO., 44 Government St., Victoria.
Cor. Govt, and Johnson Sts., Victoria, B. C.   Tel. 32.    P. 0. Box 18.
Wholesale and Retail Butchers.   Contractors by appointmen
to His Majesty's Royal Navy, The Dominion Government, etc.
Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
Home Comforts.    Moderate Rates. ^_
Joan Avenue, ^R*TOn!t5. C
Established  for six years  at Chemainus.
Best Meat at most liberal
Joan Avenue,      -      -      Crofton, B. C.
Holman Bros.   ;
Patent Rock Drill.
Drills  and Accessories, Columns and Tripods,
Manufacturers of Air Compressors and all
kinds of Mining Machinery.
Rowland Machin, Gen'' Agent"
The New Smelting Centre of
the Pacific Coast.
Real Estate Brokers
The Lenora Mt. Sicker Copper
Mining Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability),
Agent for DUNCANS, V. I.
London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Co.
Royal Insurance Co.
By special arrangement with the B. C. Mining Record we are
able to offer particularly advantageous terms for combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the Crofton Gazette for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton Publishing Co., Crofton
or the B. C. Mining Record, P. O. Box 645, Victoria.


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