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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News Jun 26, 1902

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 quamichan Hotel
Duncans
Now Open. Re-built and
Re-furnished. Heated by
Hot Air. Sample Room
for Commercial Travelers.
Boats for Fishing.
F. NELSON,    -    PROP'R
...THI
THIS SPACE IS OPEN
FOR
ADVERTISEMENT
AT A
SPECIAL RATE
Crofton Gazette
and COWICHAN NEWS
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL. 1.
CROFTON, B. C, THURSDAY,   JUNE   26, 1902.
NO. 18
CORONATION  CEREMONIES.
TO-DAY, thoughts of the coronation so long looked forward to will be in most people's hearts, though, to their
sorrow and anxiety, they do not yet celebrate the actual
crowning ceremony of King Edward's accession to the throne
of the British Empire. The ceremonial of a coronation
appeals perhaps more to the heart and the imagination than
to the reason. King Edward VII. is already King of Great
Tritain and Ireland and all the British dominions over sea,
Emperor of India, etc., etc. In the British Empire our king
is king by birthright. His formal coronation is but a beautiful sequence of symbolic ceremonies, all tending to impress
tho imngination of hie subjects. And in this age, prosaic
and matter-of-fact as it professes to be, experience yet goes to
show that it is no less desirable than it was a thousand years
the coronation chair in Westminster Abbey to-day, has the
legendary belief attached to it that it was the actual stone
which Jacob used for a pillow at Bethel when he saw the
angels ascending and descending to him in his dreams, and
which on the morn he consecrated by anointment with oil, aud
set up as a pillar. In course of time the stone was transferred to Jerusalem, and we hear of it afterwards in Egypt,
Greece, Spain and Ireland. Irish history indeed records its
presence in the Emerald Isle about 500 B. C, and it is an
authenticated fact that this stone was the "lia fail" upon
which the kings of Ireland were crowned on Tara's Hill for
many centuries. Thence it was taken to Scotland and there
used its a coronation seat until brought to England and used
for the same purpose by Edward I. A certain divinity accordingly hedges around the "stone of destiny" in the popular
imrgination.     No doubt some modern Philistines maintain
THE KING AND QUEEN.
ago Hint the formal placing of the crown upon a king's head
should be attended by a certain pomp and magnificence.
In primitive times no doubt the strongest man simply called
himself king, and none dare gainsay him. If his son should
be equally strong, he succeeded his father; if not, the kingship passed elsewhere. In later times the conquering Roman
legions simply acclaimed their General as Emperor on the
•battlefield, and by right of might he usurped the purple.
Throughout a large part of verifiable history, however, the
state of sovereignty and the ceremonies connected with it
have been a religious institution or have been associated with
the forms of religion. This was so amongst the Jews. With
them at first the chief priest was ruler, and afterwards when
they set up a king it was the chief priest that performed
bis coronation ceremony by simply anointing him with oil.
The ceremonies of nearly all modern coronations were no
doubt founded in the first instance on this simple process. The
"stone of destiny," the substantial and emblematic portion of
that any fairly comfortable chair would do for a coronation
scat, and that the ceremony should consist of a few words
of affirmation on the one hand and assent on the other. But
the popular imagination calls for more. The utilitarian may
be a good honest man, but he creates no ideals. His church
is tho modern stucco barn built to accommodate the congregation and shelter them from the rain and wind, and nothing
more. The atmosphere is chilling to the popular imagination.
'But enter an old Gothic cathedral which has been the sole
life work of perhaps a long series of architects and builders
and in whichevery moulding, every ornament, every posture
of an emblematic image or an effigy is embued with a special
devotional or other significance—the heart is stirred ! The
popular feeling is moved. And in all the elaborate coronation
ceremonial of a British king there is hardly a form or an accessory that has not a special symbolic meaning. The crown
itself—St. Edward's Crown—is of course tbe emblem of
so\ ereignty.   The orb represents the outward and visible sign
k-^~. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
of predominance of the Christian religion. The sceptre with
tin* Cross is significant of the King's championship of good
against evil, the sceptre with the dove of his- mercy. The
swords of justice of course carry their own meaning, and so-
fo.th. The coronation ceremonial looked at from the fundamental point of view is no mere meaningless pageant, but a
groat symbolic rite. How much tho popular imagination has
been stirred all over the world hy its approach Is sufficiently
evident to-day. With this feeling, however, 'has been
mil «lcd a deep emotion of loyalty and affection for the King
himself in person, and it will be the daily prayer of countless
millions of people that the postponement of his coronation
need not bo for any long time.
MINING   NEWS.
RE-OIFEN1NG   OF   THE  VAN   ANDA   MINES.
MR. CHARLES ARNOLD'S statement some two months
ago that the Van An da mine holders would continue
work if the prospect seemed' on investigation to be
sufficiently promising, lias been borne out by the latest intelligence from Texada Island. Evidently the prospect has been
found to be encouraging, for we hear that in a few weeks'
time a large number of miners will be put to work to carry
through a systematic development of the mine on a large
scale, under tho direction of Mr. Yaughan-Rys, a mining
engineer from the Old Country. Particulars as to the constitution of tlhe new company are not yet forthcoming, but
the capitalization has. it is believed, a strong English backing. Many evidences point to the fact that British capital is
gradually finding its way back to British Columbia mines,
and especially the Island section of  it.
THE  TYEE   SMELTER.
Messrs. Haggerty and Colston have been under a month
at work upon the excavation for tho Tyee smelter works at
Ladysmith. but they will complete their contract this Aveek,
and building can then begin. Tho aerial tramway from the
Tyee mine to the E. & N. siding near Somenos is under construction, sonic 10 men being at work upon it, under Mr.
Maclean, who is foreman for the contractor, Mr. R. N. Rib-
let, of   Nelson,
MINING  CONGRESS.
An Associated Press telegram from Butte. Montana, of
the 28rd instant makes an announcement of importance to
all mining men, that: "Secretary Mahon of the International
Mining Congress has received a communication from the
Secretary of State, John Hay, to the effect that the Federal
Government will invite the foreign governments to send dele-
grtes to the International Mining Congress, which meets in
But to on September 1st for a five-days' session. Secret;) ry
Hay requested Mr. Mahon to forward at once 500 circulars
of the forthcoming meeting, for distribution among foreign
powers. 'Secretary Mahon has received word that all the
trunk linos of the United States will join with the Western
Passenger Association in offering a rate of one faro, plus $2,
for the round trip to the Congress."
We hope that British Columbia, and especially Vancouver
Island, will he represented at the proposed Congress, which
must result to tho welfare and furtherance of tho mining
industry  in  general throughout  the world.
■MOKE   RICH   STRIKES   NEAR   CROFTON.
Very good looking ore has been found at several places
on Mount Richards hot ween Crofton and tho Yreka mine.
The lucky prospectors are naturally reticent as to the nature
and exact locality of their "finds" just at present; but within
a few weeks wo shall no doubt hoar of new work being
started in this district.
THE   PRICE   OF   COPPER.
Mr. ,T. P. Graves, tho well-known manager of tho
Oini by Minos, has boon stating that he is not at all alarmed
by the present low price of copper, and gives good reasons
to explain his confidence in the market. "The surplus stock."
he argues, "has boon almost completely consumed, and the
users of the brown metal have been living almost on a hand-
to-mouth basis. The present low price of copper, ranging
between 12 and V2V> cents per pound, is conceded to be
nirnipulntive. and under normal conditions it will soon right
itself. I think that the price will be steady somewhat between 14 and 1(1 cents, and I look for a recovery in value in
.Inly. Whether or not the warring copper interests get
together, the price of   copper is sure to advance in response
to the numerous demand for it, and we are already Avitness-
ing signs of that advance.
" Every business building, every manufactory, every ship,
particularly every dwelling now uses copper in greater or less
quar.tities for electric wiring. The use of copper in the
electrical art is extended to Europe, which, aside from Germany, made little progress until lately in electricity.
" The consumption in the past year has been something
like 10 per cent, more than tho production. The enormous
drair. on the surplus stocks has wiped them away, and higher
prices for copper are almost inevitable."
THE   TELEGRAPH ILUNE   ACROSS  THE   ISLAND.
Mr. John Wilson, Superintendent of the C. P. R. Telegraph Co., is busy with the new telegraph Hue across the
Island from Departure iBay, on the east, to the Australian
cable station at Capo Beale, on the West Coast. All arrangements for the construction of this line have been made, and
work on it will be undertaken at once. The present single
line from Wellington to Alberni will bo used for the route,
but new and stronger poles will be used, and the line will bo
well cleared and al! dangerous timber either felled or supported, so as to insure a service with a minimum of risk of
interruption from storms and falling trees. The work will
be done at an expenditure of about 112,000, and the line thus
completed will he the joint property of the Government and
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Mr. Charles Fid-
dick, of South 'Wellington, has secured the contract for the
supply of   polos.
SHOOTING ACCIDENT AT SAANICH.
On Thursday last, in the evening, Richard Williams, a
young hid, Avas up in a cherry tree on the property of his
grandfather, Mr. Durrant, at Saanich, who, mistaking what
he saw of the dark object amongst the boughs for a crow,
Avent indoors and got his gun. The shot was fired, and tlhe
lad now Ides in a precarious condition, to his grandfather's
very great distress. Mr. Durrant is over 70 years of age,
and is prostrated nt the sad accident. Young Williams is so
far progressing satisfactorily at the Jubilee Hospital, under
tho care of Dr. Frank Hall, but the full extent of the injuries cannot yet he ascertained.
SIMPLE  WAY TO   MEASURE A   RIVER.
To measure the width of   any ordinary stream, or even
a good-sized  river, it is necessary to make use of   only
of
your eyes and the brim of your hat. This seems queer,
doesn't'it? But it's true, and here is the way to do it:
Select a part of the river bank where the ground runs back
level, and, standing at tho Avater's edge, fix your eyes on the
opposite bank. Now, move your hat down over your brow
until the edge of tho brim is exactly on a lino with the water
line on tlhe other side. This will give you a visual angle that
may be used on any level surface, and if, as has been suggested, the ground on your side of the river bo flat, you may
"lay off" a corresponding distance on it. To do this you
have only to hold your head perfectly steady, after getting
the angle with your hat brim, supporting your chin with your
Ih.' nd, if necessary, and turn slowly around, until your back
is toward the river. Now, take careful note of where your
hat cuts the level surface of the ground as you look out over
the latter, and from whore yon stand to that point will be
tho width of tho river—a distance that may readily be
measured by stepping. If you are careful in all those details
you can conic within a few feet of tho river's width.—Nelson
Ecoi.omist.
PRESENCE   OF   GOiLT)   IN   IRON   PYRITES.
How gold came to be present in quartz voiins is very hypothetical. All that can bo said is that it was evidently deposited from tho solutions which gave rise to the formation of
the inclosing quartz; and this appears tho more evident from
the presence of that metal in pyrites inclosed in silicions incrustations, as well as from tho fact of large quantities of
gold having been formed in the interior of the stems of trees,
which in deep diggings are often converted into pyrites. The
constant pressure of iron pyrites in auriferous veins, and Avhen
so occurring its invariably containing a certain amount of
gold, suggests the possibility of this sulphide being in some
way necessarily connected with the solvent by which the
precious metal was held in solution. It has been shown that
finely 'divided gold is soluble in the sesquichloride of iron, and
more sparingly in the sesquisulphate of that metal. It is also
well known that iron pyrites sometimes results from the action
of reducing agents of the sulphate of that metal. Tf, therefore, sulphate of iron, in a solution containing gold, should
become transformed hy the action of a reducing agent into
pyrites, tho gold at the same time being reduced to the metallic
state, would probably be found inclosed in the resulting
crystals of  that mineral.—Professor Whitney. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
THE   STEAMER   STRATHCONA.
The steamer Strathcona, a stern-wheeler from the
Stickine River, will make her first call at Crofton in
a day or. two. This day she starts her regular run between Nanaimo and Crofton. Some particulars of the schedule we published last week, but the final
arrangements have not yet been announced. The new boat
has 40 state cabins, and her passenger accommodation will
be a pleasure to travelling Crot'tonians. She is, moreover, a
fast boat. On Tuesday Mr. James Anderson, the general
manager, brought about 250 representative citizens of Nanaimo
for a free trip in her to Sidney, thence to Victoria, and took
them back to Nanaimo the same day. The trip was entirely
successful, and all present expressed themselves very much
pleased with the accommodation and steaming capacity of
the new boat.
BAND   CONCERT   AT  DUNCANS.
On Sunday last the pretty little village of Duncans—the
Mecca of anglers, as some one has styled it—was the scene
of an unwonted excitement and gaiety as crowds of pleasure-
seekers fiom Nanaimo and Victoria issued from the excursion
trains and bombarded the hotels. They had come to flirt,
frolic, and to listen to the baud, which indeed in a variety of
popular selections was well worth their undivided attention.
Local young ladies were, with one or two exceptions, conspicuous by their absence, but tbere was a goodly sprinkling
of the "jeunesse doree" of Cowichan, attracted thither, no
doubt, by the opportunity so seldom offered in a bucolic com-
nuiiity of observing town styles in their pristine splendour.
Bay window collars were "de rigeur," also batwing ties of
vioient design. Rainbow-tinted shirts, overlapped by sashes
a yard in width, set off rhuiuel suits of vehement patterns iu
green and gray, while natty little straw hats and white tennis
shoes seemed popular. Airy-fairy Feorodoras flitted down
Government tatreet, busily engaged in chewing gum, and the
conflagration of colour must have caused tile Fire Brigade
serious alarm. However, it was a well behaved crowd;
everyone seemed to enjoy themselves, and the music of Finn's
Ban 1 was excellent. R. S.
PROTECTION   OF   FISH.
Following is the order-in-council passed by the Ottawa
Government for the protection of fish in Victoria Harbour
and Cowichan River :
" Whereas it is found to be necessary to provide better
protection for migrating salmon and other valuable fish, in
Victoria Harbour, at the City of Victoria, and Cowichan Bay,
Vancouver Island, British Columbia, from serious injury by
excessive and improvident netting for fish carried on by nonresidents:
" Therefore, the Governor-General-iii-Coiincil, in virtue of
the provisions of Section 10 of the Fisheries Act, Chapter 05
of the Revised Statutes of Canada, is pleased to make and
doth hereby make the following fishery regulation for the
Province of   British Columbia:
"Fishing by means of nets of any kind or description is
prohibited in: (a) The waters of Victoria Harbour inside
of an imaginary line running from Macaulay Point to Clover
Point, and embracing all waters to the head of Victoria Arm,
including the inlet; nnd (b) the waters of the estuary of
Cowichan River, including Cowichan Bay, within an imaginary line running from Serpentine Point to Cowichan Hend."
At the Hotel Strathcona, Shawnigan Lake, have registered during the week Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kent, Mr. nnd
Mrs. Herbert Kent and four children, Mr. Joseph and Mrs.
Hunter, Miss Hunter, Mr. Douglas Hunter. Mrs. Robson,
Mr. and Mrs. Beaumont Boggs and family, Mr. A. B. Fraser
Si'., Mr. J. II. MacGill, Miss Evans. Mr. H. Pearson, Mr.
and Mrs. Purcoll Johnston, Mrs. Godson, Mrs. J. Godson,
and Mr. J. B. Wnnhauer. Canon and Mrs. Bcanlands and
i'.'.mily, of Victoria, returned home last Saturday, after
spending two pleasant weeks at the Hotel Strathcona.
Dominion  Hotel,
VICTORIA,  B.C.
BETTER than the rates indicate.
Board and room $1.25 and up per day.
Room only 50 cents to $1.50 per day.
THE WESTSIDE
THE   GREAT  MAIL   ORDER   HOUSE
SHOPPING BY MAIL ! !
Out-of-town Customers can shop very easily by mail if they only care to use
the advantages of our Mail-Order System. If you can't come in person write
for anything1 you want, a post card wfll bring' you samples and information. Experienced clerics will execute order the same day as received.     Mo.nkv Back if
not Satisfiko.
MAIL ORDER ADDRESS:
THE HUTCHESON CO., Ltd.
80 Government Street,
VICTORIA, B. C.
R. P.RlTHET&Co.Ltd.
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS.
GROCERIES,     WINES,    LIQUORS,    CEMENT,
CUMBERLAND  COAL.
Victoria, B. C.
TZOUHALEM   HOTEL,
DUNCANS,
Stage to Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake, every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.
Price Bros.,
Proprietors.
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability,
GROCERS,
WINES  AND  LIQUORS.
Victoria, B. C.
Thorpe's Ginger Ale
Prize Medal
World's Fair.
VICTORIA.
VANCOUVER.
NELSON.
MEN'S CLOTHING STORE.
HATS AND UNDERWEAR
—AT—
ARTHUR  HOLMES'
78 Yates St., Corner Broad,
VICTORIA, B. C. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
The Crofton Gazette
and COWICHAN   NEWS
PUBLISHED BY
The Crofton Publishing Co.
Managing Editor, Henry H. Newill
RATES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS:
$1.00 per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces and contracts by arrangement.
SUBSCRIPTION. $2.00 PER ANNUM.
All communications for the present to P. O. Duncans or Crofton.
THURSDAY,   JUNE 26, 1902.
OUR   KING.
TO every corner of the world the telegraph brought consternation when it ticked out the alarming information
that tlhe coronation of King Edward VII. was indefinitely postponed. The shock was so sudden that many persons
at first refused to believe the news. However, 'its verification
"was succeeded by the profoundest sorrow and anxiety when it
was learned that the state of the King's health find necessitated that he should undergo a serious operation. All thoughts
of "celebrating" of course vanished. The universal feeling
was one of tilie deepest anxiety, and the "worst news of all
wns dreaded iu many quarters. The greatest relief was
afforded by the arrival of later details showing that the operation had been performed perfectly successfully, and that the
royal sufferer was progressing towards recovery as well as
might be. This was indeed relief. We cannot afford so soon
to lose our King, not only because of the pre-eminent kingly
qualities that he has shown during his short reign, but for the
deeper feelings of personal loyalty and affection that he has
inspired in hds people by his many acts of kindliness and consideration—most of all, perhaps, that supreme consideration
for the interests of his people when he heroically braved daily
increasing pain and .suffering in order that an acknowledgment
of his illness should not mar the efforts and aspirations of
his loyal subjects to celebrate his coronation. This will be
remembered to him through many generations. Human
endurance, however, has its limits, and to our good Queen
Alexandra, "we are informed, we are indebted for the happy
fact that surgical action was eventually taken iu time to save
the King's life. Our deepest sympathy aud our loyalest and
sincerest hopes and prayers will bo for His Majesty's speedy
recovery, when, if possible, an even heartier twofold celebration will await his restoration to health, and his coronation
ceremony.
THE iFERNlE INCJUEST.
The result of the inquest on three of the victims who
lost their lives in the explosion which occurred in the coal
mines belonging to the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company at
Fernie, B. C, is now to hand. The jury find that the initial
cause of the explosion is unknown, but that the conveying
medium was coal dust, and that the inadequate method of
watering and removing of the dust left the mine in such a
condition as to be dangerous, and thereby provided a medium
whereby the initial cause was augmented and intensified.
This finding we cannot but consider to be a distinct indictment of the company for neglect. The jury further recommended the Government to take such steps as to enforce (1)
the immediate installation of the most approved system of
watering for allaying dust in coal mines; (2) that a more
thorough inspection be adopted at these mines throughout the
old workings and rooms contiguous to the air channel that are
not being -worked; (3) that the safest explosives and most
approved safety lamps be hereafter used.
All these are suggestions that there should have been no
necessity at all for the jury to make to the Government, and
we hope they will be immediately acted upon. Too many
workingmeu's lives are already annually lost through nothing
less than sheer neglect.
THE CELEBRATION POSTPONED.
No further thought of a coronation celebration remained
in the heart of any resident of the Cowichan district when
the unhappy tidings arrived that the King's illness necessitated an indefinite postponement of the coronation. All the
festivities arranged for to-day are consequently postponed.
We let the programme of events remain in our columns only
•because we think th at by doing so we shall place on record
the loyal intentions of the people of the district, and in the
hope that it may be of some assistance in arranging the next
programme, when with even more abundant feelings of joy
and thankfulness we shall celebrate King Edward's recovery,
as well as his corona tion. , ■ ;i,i
In His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor's speech on the
prorogation of parliament we note a clause which reads as
follows: "I congratulate you on your thoughtful remembrance of the devoted young men who have given their services in South Africa, and contributed their share in bringing
about the peace for which we are all so thankful." No doubt
the Legislative Assembly has done a good deal in the way of
legislation for the brave young fellows who 'upheld British
Columbia's honour and loyalty in South Africa; but the fact
yet remains that not a few of these returned soldiers, who
gave up the work they were doing at the time of their enlistment, are still without the suitable work that was promised
them on their return. Many of them have applied for government or municipal appointments, but have failed to get
any encouragement. Our legislators would1 deserve the congratulations of the Lieutenant-Governor very much more
liberally if they would interest themselves in seeing that these
claimants on the public gratitude received their promised and
well-merited (rewards.
VICTORIA & SIDNEY RAILWAY
Trains will run between  Central Station Victoria, and
Sidney as follows:
DAILY:
Leave Victoria at 8.oo a. m.   4.00 p. in.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "       5.45   "
SATURDAY AND SUNDAY:
Leave Victoria at 8.00 a. m.   2.00 p. m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "       5.45   ««
STEAMER   "UNICAN"
Connects at Sidney with morning train DAILY for
CROFTON.    Returning connects with
evening train for Victoria.
Special Sunday Excursion to Crofton leaves Victoria 9 a. m.
Fare, round trip, $1.50
J. ANDERSON, General Manager. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
5
BUILDING  ACTIVITY  IN  THE  TOWN.
OF five new dwelling houses being erected—two on Queen
street and three on Robert street, at the smelter end-
four have already been rented, and will be tenanted
ns soon as construction is completed. All 'will be ready for
occupation within a week or two. Mr. Croft is also erecting
four new cottages on Arthur Street, just behind York Avenue.
The building of other dwelling houses is also under consideration. This work cannot be commenced too soon, for at
the stage at which the smelter construction has already
arrived, smelter employees are arriving almost daily, and the
demand for house room will be more and more imperative.
As an investment the outlay of a few hundreds or thousands
of dollars on small living houses at the present moment
should return immediate dividends. The three small houses
which Mr. C. W. Dunne had the enterprise to erect on his
lots on King Street, some time ago, are already let and in
the way to return him rents.
CLEANING  UiP   THE   STREETS.
All the main streets are now being cleaned up, and the
lots adjoining or in the neighbourhood of the present built-
over portions of the town are being cleareid and burnt, in
order to prevent the spread of possible bush fires. There
have been two or three small fires during the week. Joan
Avenue is now entirely cleared of stumps and is a fine
thoroughfare, with sidewalks and a much improved roadway.
PROGRESS  OF THE 'SMELTER  CONSTRUCTION.
The furnace and converter houses have now been framed;
the feed and furnace floors of the former are practically completed. In the sampling house most of the machinery has
already been installed, and very heavy material has been
hoisted up even to the fifth and sixth floors of this massive
structure. In the engine house, portions of the engine are
in position; the Connesville blowers have also been placed.
The boiler-house has long been completed and furnished with
its three boilers aud iron boiler-stack. The assay office,
lately commenced, is now nearly completed, with three side
rooms, and two others where are already built up the muffler
fi;rnace and sand bath, etc. The big stack is over 85 feet
high, and progressing. The contractors for the construction
will probably be done with their work well within thirty days.
TBE   RECREATION   GROUND.
The ground where the baseball practice matches are
being held every evening is at the back of the smelter
reserve. Willing hands have cleared and levelled it as fan
possible, and the hope ds that it imay be feasible to make
further improvement and create a permanent recreation
ground. The smelter company are making a tennis ground
close by.
NEW   TELEPHONE   SYSTEM.
A new long-distance telephone wire is being laid from
Crofton to Westholme, and this, when completed, will make
direct communication from Crofton to Victoria or any other
point on the long-distance system possible. At present the
connection is broken at Mr. Menaies' place at Westholme,
wlere messages have to be re-transmitted. Mr. E. Castley,
of Duncans, has the contract for the work, and most of the
new telephone poles are already in place. Another week will
probably see the completion of  this important work.
LOCAL   NOTES.
The baseball team are now, thanks to liberal subscriptions, fairly well outfitted in all except bats.
Mr. H. O. Bellinger, director of the Northwestern Smelting & 'Refining Co., left for Victoria on Monday.
The whole of the Utah Press Association excursionists,
to the number of fifty registered at the Crofton Hotel last
week.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have taken one of Mr. Dunne's
cottages on King Street. Mr. Anderson is electrician to the
smelter company.
Another dance will be held on Salt Spring Island on the
1st July. This will be under new and better management
than the last, and promises to be a most enjoyable affair.
Guests are freely invited.
At the Crofton Hotel during the week have been registered: Mr. and Mrs. Dresser, from Mercur; Mr. and Mrs.
W. G. Cameron, and Messrs. L. G. McQuade and W. S.
Fcaser, of Victoria; George A. Walkem, of Vancouver; W.
II. Brown, of Orillia; N. S. aud W. S. Henry Jr., of Harper-
ville. Man.
Mr. Jansen has taken over the Sidney Hotel from Mr.
Dawson, for whom Mr. Norris has been managing. The
house-warming will be on Saturday next.
Mr. George Rae, of Vancouver, who has been building
the big smokestack at the Crofton smelter, has gone to Victoria on business connected with the wore.
Mrs. E. Davis, of the well-known firm of Messrs. Davis
Brrs., of Government Street, returned to Victoria on Monday,
after spending a week at the Osborne Hotel.
Mrs. Elsworthy, who has been in Crofton a week, is so
pleased with the place that she has decided to remain another
week.   She is staying at the Osborne Hotel.
The first dance took place in Crofton on Friday night.
The boat from Nanaimo being very late, the excursionists
joii ed with Croftonians in a very pleasant social "hop," the
music being supplied by Mr. A. White.
Keast's Livery Stable.
DUNCAN, B. C.
Operating Crofton and Mt. Sicker Stages.
WESTHOLME to CROFTON,
Daily connecting with all E.  & N.  Railway Trains.
DUNCAN to MT. SICKER,
Daily, Sundays excepted.
H. KEAST, Proprietor.
E. M. SKINNER,
Civil Engineer and Provincial Land  Surveyor.
DUNCANS.
The Flour that makes the Best Bread
is sold by
MOWAT & WALLACE, VICTORIA, B.C.
Try it.    Moose Jaw is the brand.
Established 1878.
W,  P.  JAYNES,
Wholesale  Importer and Dealer  in All Kinds ok Merchandise.
Depot for Giant Powder Co.       B. C. Pottery Co.
Duncans. Quamichan.
W.   DYKE,
Pioneer Merchant,
DRY GOODS, BOOTS AND SHOES.
Confectionery a Specialty.
Agent Crofton Gazette.
Joan Avenue, - - - CROFTON, B. C.
FURNITURE, CARPETS,
WALL PAPER, CROCKERY,
AND
Complete  Housefurnishings,
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
Weiler Bros., Victoria, B.C. 6
THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
Duncans aito Cowicban local 1Rew$.«
»♦»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»4»+»»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
THE CORONATION CELEBRATION.
FINAL arrangements have been perfected for the Cowichan celebration .this day of the crowning of King
Edward VII. The Sports and Finance committees
have held several meetings, and the Reception Committee
has made every preparation for entertaining numerous
visitors. Tho following programme of events will testify to
the interest of   tlhe day's proceedings :
At 8 a. in. every man possessing a gun will fire a salute.
At 10:45 a. in. a coronation service will be held at St.
Peter's Church, Quamichan, to be officially attended by the
Reeve and Councillors of the municipality, as well as the
friendly societies and the public of   all denominations.
Ait 12:80 p. m. there will be a basket picnic taken on the
Recreation (..round if (the day is fine, or in tlhe Agricultural
Hall should the day be wet.
At 2 p. in. a baseball match will be played between the
Duncans Diehards and the Crofton Crushers. This is expected to be a most exciting contest, and both sides are eager
for the fray. The prize Avill be #10 worth of baseball goods
to the winners.    The teams chosen are:
Duncans iDiehards— -Dr. D. G. Perry (captain), shortstop; Mr. Andy Peterson, pitcher; Mr. Arthur L. Spear,
catcher; Mr. 0. Smythe, first base; Mr. William Gatt,
second base; Ml'. P. C. Peterson, third base; Mr. C.
Grassie, riglht field; Mr. L. Smythe, centre field; Mr. A. H.
Lomas, left field;    Mr. O. Alexander Jr., spare man.
Crofton Crushers — Mr. W. J. Wriglesworth (captain),
pitcher; Mr. G. W. Watkinson, catcher; Mr. Bass, shortstop; (Mr. J. W. McDonald, first base; Mr. Frank Young,
second base; Rev. W. N. Carr, third base; and Messrs. P.
Gilchrist, II. Sword and Mcllmoyl, (fielders.
A few alterations may, however, be made at the last
moment. Mr. C. H. Dickie, M. P. P., has very kindly consented to umpire the game.
At 3 p. m. the old English and athletic sports will begin.
These include :
Prizes-
First.   Second.
100-yard  fiat race    #3 00      $i 50
Bun-and-treacle  contest    2 00       1 00
Running high  jump    3 00       1 50
Walking greased pole     5 00        2 00
100-yard flat race (handicap), for boys under
14   years  1 00 60
Grinning through  horse collar   3 00        1 50
Pole jump     3 (X)       1 50
75-yard  fiat   race   (handicap),  for girls  under
14 years   1 00 50
Jockey   race    3 00       1 50
Steeplechase (the course to cross the river)... 5 00       2 00
Egg-and-spoon race (handicap), for girls under
14   years     100 50
Wheelbarrow  race     3 00        1 50
Potato race (handicap), for boys under 14 years 1 00 50
Siamese race   3 00        1 50
Tug-of-war,  12 ladies  vs.  6 gentlemen—Prize
 Box of candies or box of cigars
The "Crofton Gazette" has also placed at the disposal of
the Sports Committee a ping-pong set, value $6, to be given
as a prize during the meeting.
At I) p. m. a great bonfire will be lighted on the peak of
Mount Prevost. and this will be a beacon to all the country
round, for ait least twenty^five or thirty miles. There will,
moreover, be a bonfire at Duncans, and probably fireworks
and  a ball.
Mr. James Norcross, as Hon. Secretary, has issued a
largo number of posters, setting forth the well-filled programme, and no doubt large numbers of visitors, as well as
residents, will attend. Crot'tonians will assuredly be present
in great force, if only to watch the prowess of itheir ball
team.     All are assured of   a hearty welcome.
ELECTION  OF   SCHOOL TRUSTEE.
A public meeting of the resident householders and freeholders of Duncans School District Avill be held on Saturday,
28th instant, at the School House, Duncans, at 11 a. m., for
the purpose of electing a fit and proper person to serve as
school trustee in place of Mr. W. C. Duncan, whose office is
about to expire. The meeting has been called by Mr. James
Evans, Secretary of the 'School Board.
MASONIC HONOURS FOR A DUNCANITE.
At the Grand Lodge of Free Masons held in Victoria
last week, Mr. Harry Smith was the recipient of the very
high honour of being appointed District Deputy Grand Master.     Mr. Harry Smith's name is a household word in   the
Cowichan district, for which he has done great work as exploiter, merchant and mine-owner, and congratulations have
been wry general on the new honour that has been bestowed
unon him.
POLICE   NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that I have impounded one white
and roan bull, about three years old, which was unlawfully
at large on Cowichan Flats. If within ten days the owner
shall not reclaim, and pay all fees, costs of arrest, maintenance and detention of   same, it will be sold.
A. H. LOMAS.
Provincial Constable.
Government Offloe, 28th June, 1902.
LOCAL   NOTES.
A very pleasant social dance was held at Chemainus Hall
on Tuesday last.
iMr. N. Parks, shoemaker, late of Mount Sicker, has
started a shop at Duncans, where good work may be
relied   on.
Messrs. Arthur Evans and Alex. Blythe, both of
Somenos, are building the big coronation might bonfire on
Mount Prevost.
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Blyithe and family, of Duncans,
have been spending some time at Shawnigan Lake, enjoying
the change of air and scene.
Messrs. Warwick and Saunders, of Victoria, secured a
28-pound salmon (a beautiful, well-formed fish) near the
mouth of   the Cowichan River last week.
The baseball game is assured of fair play and judicious
direction in the fact that Mr. Charles Dickie, our popular
M. P. P., has kindly consented to act as umpire.
Mr. Fred. Nelson, of the Quamichan Hotel, Duncans, and
Mrs. Nelson have been on a business visit to Victoria. Mr.
Nelson has postponed his housewarming ball until next month.
Twenty-six scholars in all from various school districts
came ito Duncans to be examined for entrance to the High
School. The result of the examinations will not be known
until August.
Mrs. Rogers, wife of Mr. James Rogers, the worthy proprietor of the Alderlea Hotel, Duncans, has just returned
from a few weeks' visit to the 'Sound. She brought over
her other two daughters.
Mr. H. de M. Mellin, Secretary-Treasurer of the Agricultural Society, is calling for tenders for improvements to
cattle sheds and sheep pens, etc., within the Agricultural
Hall grounds at Duncans.
Mr. R. H. Whidden has moved into his new shop on the
■Government road, 'nearly opposite Mr. C. Bazett's store.
Mr. WhicWeu is an old resident in the district, and well
known for his excellent work. He announces that he is now
prepared in his new premises to undertake all kinds of wheel
and carriage work, as also the construction of coffins, etc.,
and wooden headstones, lettered.
NEW  -LABOUR   WEEKLY.
It is announced that Mr. H. Buckle is about to start
immediately a new weekly newspaper, to be devoted to the
labour interests-of the whole of Vancouver Island. It will
'be called the "Clarion," and will be published at Nanaimo.
Mr. Norcross, late of the "Daily Herald," will be associated
with  the new publication.
FOR  SALE.
Clydesdale colt, one year old, by "Newnham."
A. R. Wilson, Duncans.
FOR   SALE.
Second-hand bed-lounge, in good condition;    also secondhand baby carriage.     Apply Duncans Emporium.
WANTED.
Housekeeper;    must be an experienced cook.     Apply to
Price Bros.,  Duncans.
TO LET.
Several stores at Crofton, B. C.    Apply to
THE LENORA MOUNT SICKER
COPPER MINING COMPANY,   LIMITED,
Non-Personal Liability.
MacGregor Block,
VICTORIA, B. C. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
. ■>
THE   iBASS   SEASON.
THIS is the month when, as soon as the law permits,
which in most sections is June 1st or 15th, the bass,
as a candidate for popular favour among bait casters,
has the first call. The rapidity of its growth, its pugnacious
nature, endurance as a fighter; and its gameness when hooked
all tend to contribute to the appreciation and esteem in which
it is held. There are only two distinct species of black bass,
namely, the small mouth and the large mouth, commonly
called the green or Oswego bass.
During June, by following the edges of the deep weeds,
one should be favoured with luck, and as the summer advances and the shore water gets too warm, deeper water and
holes where the temperature of the water is lower must be
sought.
With the modern fishing tackle and the dexterity required
in employing it, bait-casting has developed into no mean
science. Sportsmen cannot keenly relish fishing until they
have mastered the art, and once mastered will never again
have recourse to the primitive methods employed by the uninitiated. Too many of our modern anglers are not informed
on this point, and hence are deprived of a large share of the
pleasure that fishing affords. The bait-caster is an acute
observer and a close student of nature, as Avell as a lover of
fish. He is always positive; he is not theoretical; he does
not go fishing — he is an "angler."
To become a successful bait-caster it is necessary to have
a well-arranged assortment of tackle, especially designed for
the purpose, Avhich, when in use, gives the angler only
supreme satisfaction. The end the seeker of this pastime
has in view is the perfect conception of how to delicately
cast a quarter-ounce bait from 75 to 100 feet accurately with
a rod (not a pole) from G feet to 8 feet 6 inches in lengtn,
and -weighing not more than seven ounces, using a free-rtin-
njng quadruple-multiplying reel, capable of spooling 50 yards
of  fine silk line.
The rudimtntary principles of bait-casting are getting the
line out without allowing it to overrun the reel, which can be
done by properly thumbing it and spooling and retrieving
tho line.
There are three styles in casting the bait, knoAvn as the
right-to-left, left-to-right, and forward casts. Arm force is
not the essential feature in making a cast, the wrist and forearm being the only motive power needed, while the main
reliance should be placd in the spring of the rod to quietly
and delicately throw the bait. The rod in the cast from
right to left is held at a side angle of 35 degrees, with the
elbow nearly touching the body. As the rod and bait rise on
the first part of the circle, with the thumb pressing lightly
the spool to prevent, the line from running out too rapidly, to
be sure to take advantage of the upward spring of the rod
and let the bait go, for by holding the line until the tip of the
rod has reached the 45 degree angle on the opposite side from
the start, the bait will be thrown down, instead of up and
forward. . .
The same principle applies in the left-to-right cast, the
only difference being back-hand motion, which may seem more
difficult to master. There is much fancy in this, however,
for with a little patience and perseverance it can be readily
accomplished. The forward cast is used more in wadmg a
lake or stream than from a boat, and the bait is started from
tho rear, with the rod pointing directly over the shoulder at
the same angle as is used in making the other casts. Casting
should be practised with the left as well as with the right
hand, and anglers will find it a most desirable acquisition-
Field and Stream.
EUROPEAN    PROSPECTS    FOR    CANADIAN COAL.
Partly no doubt owing to the fluctuations, both in price
nnd supply, of English and Continental coal, large European
consumers are turning their eyes to tho advantages of Canada as a base of supply. The Swedish state railways have
como to the conclusion that they can get coal a shilling or
two cheaper, and at the same time suitable for their requirements, direct from Canada, and are making a trial shipment
of   7.000 tons.
HAMILTON POWDER CO.
(Incorporated i86i.)
Manufacturers   of   High   Explosives,   Stumping   Powder,    Blasting,
Mining and Sporting Powder.    Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head office : Montreal.    Branch office: Victoria.    Local  offices :
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland and Greenwood.     Works:  Nanaimo.
JUST     ReCEIVBD
A splendid stock of LAWN TENNIS GOODS made
by Wright & Ditson and Ayres,   including Racquets,
Balls,  Poles,   Nets,   Presses,  etc.      Croquet Sets and
other summer  games.
M. W. WA1TT & CO., 44 Government St., Victoria.
QUEEN'S MARKET
Cor. Govt, and Johnson Sts., Victoria, B. C.   Tel. 32.    P. O. Box I
LAWRENCE  GOODACRE  & SONS,
Wholesale and Retail Butchers.    Contractors by appointmen
to His Majesty's Royal Navy, The Dominion Government, etc.
Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
THE DOMINION HOUSE,
PRIVATE   BOARDING   ESTABLISHMENT.
Home Comforts.    Moderate Rates.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      -      CROFTON, B. C
Proprietor,
A.  B.  WHITTINGHAM.
A.    HOWE,
BUTCHER,
Established  for  six years  at Chemainus.
Best Meat at most liberal
prices.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      Crofton, B. C.
BENNETT'S
CROWN
BRAND
GUTTA percha fuse
AWARDED THE GREATER BRITAIN EX.
GOLD MEDAL, 1899.
THIS POPULAR FAVORITE STILL LEADS.
Holman Bros.
Patent Rock Drill.
AWARDED THE GOLD MEDAL, PARIS, 1900.
Drills  and  Accessories, Columns and Tripods,
IN STOCK AT VICTORIA.
Manufacturers of Air Compressors and all
kinds of Mining Machinery.
ESTIMATES ON APPLICATION.
Rowland Machin, Gen'' *m>
YATES STREET, VICTORIA,B. C. 8
THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
CROFTON
The New Smelting Centre of
the Pacific Coast.
FOR LOTS
APPLY TO
Real Estate Brokers
and
The Lenora Mt. Sicker Copper
Mining Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability),
VICTORIA, B. C.
■
TO LET.—Several Stores at Crofton, B. C.    Apply to above.
J.  H.  WHITTOME,
Agent for DUNCANS, V. I.
London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Co.
Royal Insurance Co.
SPECIAL NOTICE.
By special arrangement with the B. C. Mining Record we are
able to offer particularly advantageous terms for combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the Crofton Gazette for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton Publishing Co., Crofton
or the B. C. Mining Record, P. O. Box 645, Victoria.

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