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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News Sep 3, 1902

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 QUAMICHAN  HOTEL
DUNCANS
Now Open. Re-built and
Re-furnished. Heated by
Hot Air. Sample Room
for Commercial Travelers.
Boats for Fishing.
F. Nelson, Prop.
• ••11 lL«« • •
J. H. WHITTOME,
Duncans, V. I.
Agent for Loudon and
Lancashire Fire Insurance
Co., Royal Insurance Co.
Crofton Gazette
an* Cowichan IHews
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL. 1.
CROFTON, B.C., WEDNESDAY, SEP I EMBER 3, 1902.
No. 26
MAKING PAPER PULP.
THE process by which this tree (white spruce) is turned
into pulp, and the qualities possessed by it which make
it suitable for this purpose form a subject of much interest. The woody paits of the tree are largely built up of
cellular tissue or woody fibre, a fibre of good length and
toughness ensures a strong paper, and clean white wood
is a requisite for the production of a properly coloured pulp.
These qualities are found pre-eminently in the wood of the
spruce tree. There are! however, other substances such as
resin, etc, in the tree structure, and the object of the manufacturer is to separate the wood fibre from the incrusting
substances.   The most simple method adopted is that for the
the pressure developed in consequence the sulphide is driven
into the pores of the wood, lissolving the resin, and leaving
finally the clear white pulp of wood fibre which is drawn oft.
washed and prepared for shipment by rolling and drying.
ROD AND GUN.
MINING NEWS.
PROMISING DISCOVERY NEAR CHEMAINUS.
M
ESSRS. J. VIPOND and W- Birkenstock are amongst
the latest lucky prospectors. Fresh mineral discoveries on Vancouver Island have come to be matters
A Portion of the Engine Honse, Crofton Smelter.
production of mechanical pulp, which simply consists of
breaking up the wood by pressure against a grindstone under a stream of water. This is a comparatively cheap process, but it results in the breaking up of the fibre and does
not remove the impurities to any extent.
The chemical process which results in the production of
what is called "cellulose" to distinguish it from mechanical
pulp is much more intricate and expensive, involving an additional output for boilers, chemicals, etc. The two main
chemical agents used are sulphide and caustic soda, and the
resultant products are designated sulphide pulp and soda
pulp. The wood is barked, cleaned of knots, and imperfections and after being cut into chips by a strong revolving
knife is placed in the boiler.   By the assistance of heat and
of weekly occurrence, and familiarity with them is apt
to minimize their importance. The daily more numerous
signs of increasing miming .ctivity on the Island, however,
point to very important developmens in the near future.
Messrs. Vipond and Birkenstock were employed in the logging comp of the Victoria Lumber Co., near Chemainus.
and discovered the outcrop of ore whilst working along the
Hne of the logging railway. The "Happy Thought" and
"Wonder" claims were very soon staked out by them, and
development work has shown these to be as promising as any
mineral prospects yet found. Mr. J. H. McMillan, a well-
known mining man of Nanaimo, having satisfied himself as
to the value of the new discovery, has secured a bond from
the owners for the purchase of the property, and is proceed- 2
THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
ing with development work. Assays of some of the ore
(taken as average sample,) and recently made by Messrs.
Pellew Harvey, Bryant & Gilman, have given 23 per cent,
copper with values in gold and silver, bringing the estimated
value of the ore body as at present exposed up to $60 per
ton.   Further developments will be awaited with interest
QUATSINO SOUND.
The Copper Mountain Mining and Development Co., a
Tacoma flotation with a capital of $2,000,000 in shares of
$1.00 each, has been formed to take over the June group of
tour claims situated just across the southeast arm of the
Sound immediately opposite Comstock Mountain on which
are situated the shipping properties of the Yrekt Copper
Co. Messrs. Clarke, Gwin & Lea, the well-known mine promoters, are so well satisfied with the prospects of this property that they have elected to take out their interest in it
in 50,000 shares in lieu of $50,000 cash. The ore veins traceable throughout the whole extent of the property run from
four to one hundred and twenty feet in wiidth, and assays
made from them give Q to 10 per cent, copper with gold
values going to $5 per ton. A trail two and a half miles in
length has been made from the mine to salt water, and active
development work is being proceeded with.
The Yreka Copper Co. are rapidly opening up their very
promising property on the mountain. The aerial tramway
is already under construction, and Mr. N. S. Clarke, the
superintendent, has just returned from California, where he
has placed orders for a ten-drill compressor plant and a
Pelton water wheel. The erection of a smelter in the near
future is  ander consideration.
The ore in Clyde's cut on this property, from which the
bulk of the test shipment to Crofton was taken, is turning
into higher grade, and the mass of it is now proved to be
solid. The crosscut, at a depth of 20 feet, is in 15 feet of
good ore. and the vein appears to be from 40 to 50 feet wide.
It is the intention to continue this crosscut until the wall is
reached.
No. 2 cut also shows a large body of high-grade ore. Two
shifts of miners are driving a crosscut tunnel which will
give a depth of 150 feet when the ore is struck. The tramway head house and ore bins will be at the mouth of this
tunnel, which will greatly facilitate the handling and shipping
of ore. Examination of the property has ievealed the existence of a dozen large ore bodies, besides those which are
being developed, many very high grade. The shipment made
to Crofton recently was not by any means an average sample
of the Comstock ores, and although it gave satisfactory
results. Mr. Gwin does not consider it representative of the
true value of the propery.
Yet another group of claims is being developed by Messrs.
Clarke. Gwin and Lea in this neighbourhood, and will shortly
be floated into a company. The vein which is being proved
is a true one. traceable four to six feet in width and continuing the whole length of the claims.
Mr. A. F. Gwin cannot speak too highly of the wonderful mineral promise of this section of the Island. He is
satisfied that at Quatsino Sound will be developed one of the
best mining camps in the province. The country has not
as yet been half prospected and offers a splendid field for
the prospector.
NOTES.
The first bucket of rock sent down the Tyee aerial tram was
dumped into the bins at Stratford's Crossing at 3:15 Pm- on
Saturday, the 31st August. The line will r»e in regular working order In a few days.
Mr. Wm. Dwycr, of the Tyee and of Duncans, has be.'ii
appointed superintendent of the lower section of the aerial
tramway. Mr. Ridsdale, of the same company, will have
charge of the upper portion.
Mr. A. F. Gwin has gone up the West Coast again, prospecting.
Mr. N. S. Clarke, of Messrs. Clarke, Gwin & Sea, leaves
for Grand Forks to-night.
The Lenora mine will soon be shipping ore to Crofton
with both No. 2 and No. 3 engines.
Mr. T. Frayne, of Shawnigan Lake, ha) struck a rich find
(,f mineral in the neighbourhood of the San Juan River, on
the West Coast.
AMERICAN CAPITALISTS BUSY LOOKING
ROUND.
Mr. Hayward, manager of the Tacoma Steel Co., has re-
cei.tly been expressing himself as strongly of opinion that
Vancouver Island holds more values to the square mile than
any other ground of its size in the province. On the Island
are iron, coal, timber, copper and gold, and any amount
of marble.
He had recommended Mr. Hewett (his principal) to look
at the spruce limits on Quatsino Sound, and Mr. Hewett
had seen enough to make him want to investigate! further.
Cruisers were now on the limits, but it would be another
month before they could cover the ground, as it was a big
proposition. When they did report, he believed they
would report favourably. If the report was favourable the
limits would be purchased and a pulp mill erected at once.
He was at present deveoping iron properties on the
Island, which also promised well. Although very little work
had been done on British Columbia's magnetite deposits,
he was of the opinion that there was enough iron for everybody who wanted to go into the iron business for the next
few hundred years, and it had been demonstrated that as
regards quality it made the best manufactured iron, as good
as any ever produced in the world. This was proven by the
sheet iron turned out by the Union Iron Works from British Columbia ore.
He thought red hematite was exceedingly scarce. He had
as yet heard ol no red iron deposits within easy reach of
salt water that were worth investigating. Either silica or
red iron would have to be mixed with magnetite to render
the magnetite iron sufficiently malleable, but this red iron
could not be handled if it was more than two miles from the
coast, and contained less than 40 or 50 per cent, of iron.
They had had a property presented to them away in the interior, running 60 per cent, iron, a magnificent proposition, but railway and other expenses of getting it out rendered the proposition impossible. His company, however,
had located hematite on Puget Sound suitable for their purpose, and they were relieved from all anxiety on that score.
Northwestern Smelting and Refining Co.
Purchasers of GOLD, SILVER and COPPER ORES,
MATTES, COPPER   BULLION and   FURNACE
PRODUCTS.    «Jt««tatatt*«Mt««*ttM«M«Matt*t<«t*tdt.*«*at«jt
Location of Works, CROFTON, VANCOUVER ISLAND, B. C. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
At Butte, Montana, the ore has cost about $4 per ton to
produce, '/y cents per ton to concentrate, smelting the concentrates costs about $6-50 per ton, converting the copper,
$17 per ton.
A compound engine is one having two or more cylinders—
usually two, however, a high-pressure cylinder and a low-
pressure cylinder, the latter being the larger. The steam
from the boiler enters the high-pressure cylinder, and after
performing a certain amount of work it is exhausted into
an intermediate vessel or cylinder called a receiver, whence
it is admitted into a the low-pressure cylinder; after performing a certain amount of work in this cylinder it is allowed
to escape into the condenser in a compound condensing
engine, and i'Ho the. ftmo.spherc in a non-condensing engine.
In the same gulch or river channel the smaller pieces of
water-worn gold are purer than the large ones. The exterior layer of water-worn nuggets is finer than the interior.
Native gold always contains silver. On an average, about
one-tenth of a gold nugget is silver, which is more easily
corroded than gold and readily attacked by sulphuretted
hydrogen, common salt and other ingredients of surface
waters. Soch substances work upon the silver close to the
surface of a nugget and dissolve it away, or convert it into
the compounds which wear away as the nugget is rolled
forward beneath the heavy gravels at the bottom of a
stream.
C. H. Dickie, Esq., M.P.P., and Mr. Harry Smith, also
Messrs. F. Price and E. M. Skinner, of Duncans, have been
amongst distinguished visitors to Crofton during the week.
Messrs. D. Hunter Gordon and J. M. Healy, of Victoria,
spent the ist on Mt. Brenton and managed to secure a fair
bag of game.
KITTO & GOOCH
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS AND CONVEYANCERS
Office, Oddfellows Bldg.,     LADYSMITH, B. C.
P. 0. Box 243
HAMILTON POWDER CO.
(Incorporated 1861)
Manufacturers of High Explosives, Stumping Powder, Blasting
Mining and Sporting Powder.   Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head Office, Montreal.  Branch Office, Victoria. Local Offices*
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland & Greenwood.   Works, Nanaimo
E. M. SKINNER
Civil Engineer and Provincial Land Surveyor.
DUNCANS
TO LET
Several Stores at Crofton, B. C.     Apply to
THE LENORA MOUNT SICKER
COPPER MINING COMPANY, LIMITED
Non-Personal Liability
MacGregor Block VICTORIA, B. C,
THE WESTSIDE
THE GREAT MAIL ORDER HOUSE
SHOPPING BY MAIL !!
Out-of town Customers can shop very easily by mail if they only care to
use the advantages of our Mail-Order System. II you can't come in person
write for anything you want, a postcard will bring you samples aud information.   Experienced Clerks will execute order the same day as received.
MONEY BACK IF NOT SATISFIED
MAIL ORDER ADDRESS—
THE HUTCHESON CO., Ltd.
80 Government Street VICTORIA, B. C.
R. P. RITHET & CO., Ld.
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS
GROCERIES,    WINES,    LIQUORS,   CEMENT,
CUMBERLAND COAL
VICTORIA, B. C.
Furniture, Carpets
WALL PAPER, CROCKERY,
AND
Complete Housefurnishings
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
WEILER BROS. VICTORIA, B.C.
THORPE'S
THORPE'S
Ginger Ale
Prize  Medal
World's Fair
VICTORIA      VANCOUVER      NELSON
MEN'S CLOTHING STORE
HATS AND UNDERWEAR
 AT	
ARTHUR    HOLMES'
78 Yates St., Corner Broad,
VICTORIA, B. C. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
The Crofton Gazette
and COWICHAN NEWS
PUBLISHED BY
THE CROFTON PUBLISHING CO.
Managing Editor,
Henry H. Newim,
RATES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS.
75 cents per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces and contracts by arrangement.
SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER ANNUM.
All communications lor the present to P.O. Duncans or Crofton
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3rd, 1902.
VISIT OF THE FOURTH ESTATE.
i/t ORDS " and "Commons" have more or less declined
W.4 from their-once high estates, but the King remains,
and—the Fourth Estate. The Fourth Estate—in
other words the newspaper press—has grown to wield perhaps the most powerful social, political, and even educational
influences in this or any other country. Individual charges
of corruption against it are no doubt justifiable, but on the
whole its character is above suspicion, and its power proportionately so great. Some twelve gentlemen representing as many "Old Country" newspapers are in our midst
to-day, having come to see for themselves the aspects and
possibilities of this great country. They will visit Crofton,
Mt. Sicker and Chemainus according to the itinerary which
has been arranged for them by their hosts '.he Provincial
Government; and we heartily bid them welcome, and throw
open our doors. All the information that we can give then
is simply a valuable investment for ourselves. One of the
mo^t important results we look for from their visit is an
active campaign on their return against the present prohibitive postal rates imposed on newspapers and magazines sent
from England to Canada. In journalistic matters a little
more English roast beef would at least add variety to our
present forced consumption of American pie, tcothsome
though that may be.
LABOUR DAY.
Labour Day has come and gone, and the victories of united labour have been duly celebrated. In connection, however, with the speeches delivered on the occasion we are
sorry to notice an increasing tendency generally on the part
of labour leaders to picture every capitalist as necessarily the
enemy of the working man. Nothing but continued strife
and disorganization of industry can result from such false
and dangerous conclusions. The labour unions of the world
with their vast power and influence are treading a dizzy eminence. With cool heads their position is secure and their
interests are assured; but one false ftep and the plunge is
into world devastating industrial anarchy.
CROFTON SCHOOL DISTRICT.
We note in the last Government "Gazette" that a school
district has been formed with Crofton as its centre. This
is good news, and the best that we can now hear is that a
teacher has arrived and a school actually established, even
though it be but in temporary quarters,   We draw attention
to the meeting which has been called for Tuesday, the Qt"
inst., at noon for the purpose of electing school trustees.
The shooting season has commenced and guns have been
popping all round us ever since the 1st inst. Several good
bags have been made in the district. The birds are very
plentiful but wary.   Excellent sport offers,
Prof. Silkhani. in the San Francisco "Chronicle," states
that there are few oeople who realize the value of water as a
beverage, or how to obtain the best good from it. Sipping
water is a powerful stimulant to the circulation, which ordinary drinking is not. During the action of sipping fluid
there is also a favourable effect upon the liver. Sipping cold
water will often allay the craving for alcohol, probably due
to the stimulant action of the sipping. A glass of cold water
slowly sipped will act as a stimulant or tonic, and produce
a greater acceleration of the pulse for .1 time than will a
glass of wine taken at a draught.
FLOREAT CROFTONI\.
Felicitations to Mrs. G. A. Allen on the birth on Friday
last, the 29th August, of a daughter. This is the first child
born ' within the townsite of Crofton, and the very
happy event will be an historical one in the annals of this
rising smelter city. May it be for the "Crofton Gazette" to
chronicle many more such happy tidings. The honour that
has thus fallen to Mrs. Allen is not the first, she having previously given birth to the first child born at Tagish Lake
in the Yukon. Mr. G. A. Allen is, of course, the much
respected manager of Mr. A. Howe's butchery establishment.
FOR SALE.
Black Geldings, three years  old,   thoroughly  broken;
weight, about 1100 lbs.   Apply to Malcolm Elliott, Crofton
and Westholme stage, Crofton V. 1.
Victoria Terminal and Sidney Railway Co
NEW TIME CARD
In Effect June 14th, 1902
DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.
Train No. 1—Leaves Victoria (Market Station), 7 a.m. Arrives Sidney
8 a.m.
Train No. 3—Leaves Victoria (Market Station), 10.30 a.m. Arrives Sidney 11.15 a.m.
Train No.. 5—Boat Express—Leaves Victoria (Market Station), 2 p. m.
Arrives Sidney 2.35 p.m.
Train No. 7—Leaves Victoria (Market Station), 5 p.m. Arrives at Sidney 6 p.m.
Train No. 2—Leaves Sidney 8.30 a.m.   Arrives Victoria 9.30 a.m.
Train No. 4—Boat Express—Leaves Sidney 11.40 a.m. Arrives Victoria
12.15 p.m.
Train No. 6 -Leaves Sidney 3 p.m.   Arrives Victoria 3.45 p.m.
Train No. 8- Leaves Sidney 6.15 p.m.   Arrives Victoria 7 p.m.
SUNDAY.
Leave Victoria 9 a.m., 5 p.m.      Leave Sidney 11.40 a.m., 5.30 p.m.
JAMES ANDERSON,
General Manager
Sidney and Nanaimo Transportation Company
STR. "STRATHCONA"
FOR NANAIMO, CROFTON, and CHEMAINUS DAILY.
Leaves Nanaimo at 7 a.m. daily.   Arrives at Victoria at 12.15 p.m.   Train
leaves Victoria at 2 p.m.   Arrives at K anaimo at 7.15 p.m.
STR. "IROQUOIS"
Makes the Island calls, as usual. .
JAMES ANDERSON, General Manager.
A THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
Crofton THp to Date. I
: i
^■■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■•■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■^■•^■■■■■■•^■■■■■■■■■■■•■•■•■■■••■■■■■•■■■•■■■■■■■■■■••■••■■•« "
THE SMELTER.
THE samplers are now running again; shipments of ore
from the Lenora mine are arriving regularly, and in
about a week's time engine No. 2 of' the Lenora Mt-
Sicker Railway will be available for this purpose. At present only the new No. 3 engine is running to Crofton. A
cargo of 186 tons of coke has arrived from Union, and regular shipments will now be received from the Dunsmuir collieries. Portions of the "copper jacket" Garretson furnace
are to hand from Victoria, and in some five or six days'
time the Victoria Machinery Depot Co. will probably be
through with their work on this constat etio.i. It is being
superintended by Mr. F. C Garretson himself. Some twenty
tons of copper alone are being utilized in the ''copper jacket,"
and much interest is being manifested in this new smelting
patent, of which Mr. H. C Bellinger and the gentlemen
associated with him hold the patent rights for British Columbia and the Pacific Coast. If the new furnace does what
is expected of it, the cost of ore reduction and the production of blister copper will be very considerably reduced. No
reverberatory furnaces are being installed in this plant. The
new "copper jacket" alone with the "water jacket:" and the
cupola furnace already in place will be capable of smelting
seven to eight hundred tons of ore a day without any trouble.
Progress with the new machine and blacksmith shops is
proceeding rapidly.
CROFTON SCHOOL DISTRICT.
The  following important announcement is made in the
British Columbia "Gazette" of the 28th ult.:—
Education Office, 21st August, 1902.
Whereas the Council of Public Instruction is empowered,
under the "Public Schools Act," to create School Districts
in addition to those already existing, and to define the boundaries ehereof, and from time to time to alter the boundaries
of existing districts; it is herebv notified that the Council
has been pleased to create the tract of land included within
the under-mentioned boundaries a School District, under the
title of "Crofton School District":—
Commencing at the north-east corner of Section 2, Range
10, Chemainus District, being a point on the sea-shore;
thence due west to the north-west corner of Section 2,
Range 9, of said district; thence due south, following the
range lines to the south-west corner of Section 18, Range
1, Comiaken District; thence due east to the south-east c6r-
ner of Section 18, Range 5. of said district; thence northerly
following the shore line to the point of commencement.
Also, that the Council has been pleased to alter and redefine the boundaries of "Chemainus School District," as
follows:—
All that tract of land in Chemainus District lying south
of the southern boundary line of Chemainus Landing School
District, and not included in Crofton School District.
Also, that the Council has been pleased to alter and redefine the boundaries of "Maple Bay School District," as
follows:—
All that tract of land known on the official map as Connia-
ken District, except such portion as is included in Crofton
School District.
ELECTION OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES
Mr. Alexander Robinson, Superitendent of Education,
announces that a public meeting of the householders
and freeholders of Crofton School District will be
held on Tuesday, September 9th, at the Presbyterian Church
Room at the hour of 12 noon, for the purpose of electing
three fit and prper persons to serve as School Trustees to
hold office until the next annual meeting lor the election of
trustees, and no longer.
Any householder or freeholder having been resident in
any School District for six monthsh previous to the election,
and being of the age of 21 years or ovet, Ks also any wife
of such qualified.elector, is entitled to vote at the election.
Indians and Chinese have no vote.
A candidate for a school trusteeship must be a British
subject of full age, a resident householder or freeholder, and
otherwise qualified. The wife of any acting School Trustee
is not eligible.
LOCAL NOTES.
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Bellinger and Mr. Fred Young have
been on a trip to Cowichan Lake, where Mr. H. Smith has
placed the steamer "Walbran" at their disposal.
On Saturday last another large party of picnickers arrived
from Salt Spring Island in the yacht "Nancy Jane." The
party comprised the Rev. Mr. Wilson and the Misses Wilson,
and Messrs. Bittencourt, Frank Scott, Mahon and others.
They had a glorious day for their sail.
Mrs. Marshall, of Ladysmith, and Mrs. Holland and Mrs.
Conway, of Chemainus, with a large party of ladies and gentlemen, not to mention a cocker spaniel pup, came down by
the boat to view the sights of Crofton on Friday last, and
were never more delighted in their lives than when they
found that due to the lateness in arrival of <he steamer to
take them back they were enabled to enjoy a few hours
more of the charming scenery. Later they adjourned to tea
served by host Pearce, of the Osborne Hotel.
Divine service is held regularly every Sunday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Presbyterian Church House, by the Rev. W. N. Carr.
Mr. R. Bracco, master mechanic at the smelter, has been
down in Victoria most of the week superintending the construction of the Garretson furnace. He is in the photo we
reproduce this week of a portion of the engine room.
•Mr. Henry Croft has given half a block to the school
authorities for the erection of school premises, etc.
One hundred and eighty-six tons of coke have arrived at
the wharf from Union, for the Northwestern Smelting and
Refining Co.
Amongst those registered at the Osborne Hotel during
the week have been: Mr. Henry Brackman. Victoria: Mr.
C. H. Norris, Hazelton: Mr. E. Harding. Boundary Falls;
Messrs. C. Peters. I. W. Sanester and J. Settcrington of
Vancouver; F. Price air! E. M. Skinner of Duncans; F.
Shopland, Victoria; D. Lecman, E. H. Ginger, Wm. T.
McArthur and Edward Taylor, of Nanaimo
At the Crofton Hotel during the week the following have
rfegistered amongst others: Mr. C. S. Baxter. Victoria;
Mr. B. S. Heisterman, Victoria; Messrs. F. W. Vincent and
W. H. Adams of Victoria; Messrs. A. R. Johnston. W. T.
McArthur. Hugh Findley and H. T. Hewett.
Mr. Wm. Brewer M.E.. has been in and around Crofton
during th" past week and Irs inspected several new prospects in the neighbouring districts.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry
THROUGH TICKETS FROM CROFTON
TO VICTORIA via WESTHOLME
Stage leaves Daily connecting with North and South bound
trains. Double train service Saturdays, Sundays, and Wednesdays, connecting with morning and afternoon trains.
Fare from Crofton to  Victoria: Single   $2.00
Return $3.00
S.S. "CITY OF NANAIMO"
Sails from Victoria, Tuesdays at 6.00 a. m., and on Saturdays
at 7.00 a.m., calling at Crofton on both days, handling freight
and passengers at reduced rates.
GEO. L. COURTNEY,
Traffic Manager
Crofton and Westholme
Stage
Daily connecting with all E. & N. Railway Trains
MALCOLM ELLIOTT,
Proprietor. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
.... .pj^ js|an(js—pje|cj a(. Qanges Harbour, Salt Spring Island,
j   BUItCan0 anb  COWtCban XOCal  1ReW6   ! Wednesday   ist October
f                                                                                                     : Saanich—Friday and Saturday, the 3rd and 4th of Octo-
..................................................................... •  jjeri   Messrs. Cotterell and Jackson.
IMPROVEMENT AT SOMENOS LAKE. Victoria—The 7th to nth of October.   Messrs. Anderson,
1 demons. Jackson, Gardhouse and Cotterell.
N improvement which has long been desired by resi- The Victoria Terminal and  Sidney  Railway  will  run  a
dents around Somenos Lake is at length taking prac- special steamer to Ganges Harbour on tlie ist October at a
tical shape.    The idea is to lower the level of the dollar rate for the convenience of those wishing to attend
lake and thus to render fit for pasture or cultivation a large the Islands' show.
tract of at present marshy and useless land.    Mr. Joseph 	
Hunter recently inspected the present outlet  of the  lake, LOCAL NOTES,
and is investigating the feasibility of carrying the scheme -,   , - ,. .   ,.       ,    ,,       .   „   ,.'                ,    , . 4,     ,
through, and will report on the matter in the near future. 0ud ^icitations to Mrs. A. Mackinnon on the birth of a
By the proposed work it is estimated that some 800 acres so" on *he 8tTh °f August-a coronation child,
would be directly improved and some three thousand more ]h£rRev~ J- A- I^akey officiated at the baptism of Mr
made liable for assessment on the improvement.    Further- <!nd Mr.s- f. C Musgrave s little   girl, die   being   named
more, a considerable addition to the output of the creamery Anastasia tUlen.
might be looked for from so large an additional acreage if JJr. and Mrs. Riblet are staying 011 the mountain,
reclaimed'and Mr. T. McLean, Mr. R. N. Riblet s foreman, is locally
dubbed a cracker-jack—there is nothing he does not know.
BASEBALL GAME.
The Duncans Dichards visited Ladysmith on Saturday
last, and played one of the best games they have put up in
an unbroken series of victories. The game against the Ladysmith team last Saturday was probably the last of the season.
Every member of the team distinguished himself, and Mr.
A. Peterson, captain, (in place of Dr. Perry, who was called
away) and pitcher, has the proud boast of not having given
away a single base on balls. Mr. Arthur Spears, who has
clone so well as catcher, is, we are sorry to say, going East
in a few days, and his presence in the team will be missed.
The play of the Duncans team throughout the present season has been so consistently good as to justify the highest
expectations for next year.
Duncans Railway Station on Labour Day.
FALL FAIRS.
The fall shows are now drawing near, and the farmers of
Duncans and the neighbouring districts are making due preparations. A regrettable accident will unfottunately prevent Mr. John Davidson from being present to act as one
of the live stock judges, but Mr. G W. Clemons of St.
George, Ontario, who has an excellent reputation as a judge
of dairy cattle, swine, and light and heavy horses, will take
his place. Besides Mr. Clemons. the following judges have
been placed at the disposal of the Department of Agriculture of British Columbia by the Dominion Department 01
Agriculture: Mr. D. C Anderson. Rugby, Ont., cattle,
sheep, swine; Mr. John Jackson, Abingdon. Ont.. sheep,
swine, cattle; Mr. John Gardhouse. Highfield, Ont., horses,
beef, cattle, sheep, swine; Mr. G R. Cotterell, Milton, Ont.,
poultry.
The revised list of fixtures for Vancouver Island and the
judges who will attend are as follows:
Cowichan. held at Duncans, on Friday and Saturday, the
26th and 27th September.    Messrs. Anderson and Clemons.
Nanaimo. Friday and Saturday, the 19th and 2Cth of September.   Mr. G. R- Cotterell.
Comox. Wednesday and Thursday, the >>4th and 25th September.   Messrs. Jackson and Cotterell.
Messrs. Ticehurst and Hicks-Beach have bought Fallside
Farm near Cowichan.   The property covers some 200 acres.
In the raffle at the Tzouhalem Hotel for a double-barrelled
gun with extra barrels and case, by Tolley, late the property
of Mr. Fred Lomas. competition was very keen. Mr. Frank
Price shook 42 with the dice and thought his chances of
gaining possession of the coveted weapon pretty good, but
Mr. Harry Smith, shaking on behalf of Mr. E W. Molander
of Port Townsend, was too many for our genial host of the
Tzouhalem. and throwing a total of 44, gained the prize.
At the Tzouhalem Hotel during the week the following
have registered:—
Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Barnard. Victoria; Dr. and Mrs. Tolmie, Victoria; Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Wilson, and Mr. and
Mrs. Waldy of Victoria; Mr. A. Fraser. Cowichan Lake;
Messrs. T. Jones and E. F. Johnston of Golden; Messrs. B.
Wilson, A. Coles. N. McAfee, and C. H. French of Victoria;
Mr. James Rughley Cowichan Lake; Mr. J. Reiter, Winnipeg; and Messrs. W. Andrews and H. Snell of Vancouver.
During the week at the Quamichan the following- have
registered: Mr. and Mrs. S. Franklin. Winnipeg; Mr. and
Mrs. J. H. Franck; Mr. and Mrs. L. Pither, Miss R. Smith,
Mr«. A. Campbell and Miss C. Campbell of Victoria; Mrs.
A. McGregor. Mt. Sicker; Messrs. D. Hunter Gordon and
J. M. Healy of Victoria: Mr. N. S. Clarke; Messrs. O- Graham: F. C Beech and W. E, Baker of Mt. Sicker; Messrs.
F. Pannell. C. Holland. John Douglas. E. Bartlett. Joh.
Curry, Nanaimo; Wm. Galbraith, T. M. Johnston, Victoria;
A. Bellamy John Graham, Geo. Kitchen. Victoria; Mr. J.
McLennan, Ladysmith: and Mr. A. E. Thorne, Toronto.
Mr. D. S. Fotheringham, of the Smelter Co., went down
to Victoria on Mondav last feeling indisposed. The doctor
at once sent him to St. Joseph's hospital, where, we much
regret to hear, is suffering from an attack of pleurisy, but
under Dr. Jones' care and treatment is doing as well '.s
possible.
Established 1878.
W. P. JAYNES
Wholesale Importer and Dealer in all .Kinds of
Merchandise.
Depot for Giant Powder Co.
Duncans.
B. C. Pottery Co.
Quamichan.
DOMINION HOTEL,
VICTORIA, B.C.
BETTER  THAN  THE  RATES  INDICATE
Board and Room $1.25 and up per day.
Room only   50 cents to $1.50 per day. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
WHY ARE POULTRY VALUABLE TO THE
FARMER ?
PROF. A. G.  GILBERT, of the Ottawa Experimental
Farm, answers the above question thus:    Firstly, because he ought by their means to convert a great deal
of the waste of his farm into money in the shape of eggs
and chicks for the market.
Secondly, because with intelligent management they ough:
to be all-year-round revenue producers, with the exception,
perhaps, of two months during the moulting season.
Thirdly, because poultry will yield him a quicker return
for the capital invested than any of the other departments
of agriculture.
Fourthly, because the manure from the poultry house
will make a valuable compost for use in either vegetable
garden or orchard. The bird5 themselves, if allowed to run
in plum or apple orchard, will destroy all injurious insect
life. s
Fifthly, because while cereals p.nd fruits can only be successfully grown in certain sections, poultry can be raijed fo.*
table use, or layers of eggs in all parts of the country.
Sixthly, because poultry raising is an employment in which
the farmer's wife and daughters can engage and leave him
free to attend to other departments.
Seventhly, because poultry raising will bring him the best
results in the shape of i.ew-laiw eggs during the winter season when he has most time on his hands.
Eightly, because to start poultry raising on the farm requires little or no capital. By good management poultry
cen be made, with little cost, a valuable adjunct to the farm.
TZOUHALEM   HOTEL =zz—
DUNCANS,
Stage to Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake, every  Monday,
Wednesday aud Friday.
PRICE BROS,
THE COWICHAN AGRICULTURAL AND POULTRY
SHOW.
The catalogue of this show, to be held at Duncans on the
26th and 27th inst., has been issued, and contains a very gratifying list of presentations of special prizes by the B. G Land
and Investment Co.. the B. C. Drug Store, Messrs. Reller
& Co., Bordeaux (through Messrs Pither & Leiser); tne B.
C. Saddlery Co., Mr. Norris, Victoria; Messrs. Henry Short
& Sons, Messrs. T. N. Hibben & Co.. Messrs. Challoner &
Mitchell, Messrs. E. G. Prior & Co., Messrs. E. B. Marvin
& Co., Messrs. McCandless Bros., J. McL. Campbell, Esq.,
Duncans; S. C Bell, Esq., Duncans; Messrs. A. & W. Wilson. Messrs. Walter S.  Fraser & Co.. Messrs.  Henderson
Bros., S. Shore, Esq., Victoria; Edwin Johnson, Esq., K.C.,
Comiaken; Messrs. Fell & Co., Messrs. M. R. Smith & Co.,
Mr. Arthur Holmes, Victoria; Messrs P. McQuade & Son,
Messrs. R. P. Rithet & Co., Victoria; the Vancouver Island
Flockma^ters' Association, the Blackman-Ker Milling Co.,
Mr. Skene Lowe, Victoria; The Times Printing & Publishing Co., Mr. D. Spencer. Victoria; The Colonist Printing
& Publishing Co., T. R. Cucack, Esq., Victoria; J. T. Par-
geter, Esq., Nanaimo; D. Alexander, Esq., Duncans; Messrs.
R. Baker & Son., Chas. Bazett. Esq., Duncans, G. H. Hadwen, Esq., Duncans; Mr. B. Williams, Victoria; Dr. L. Hall,
Victoria; Messrs. W & J- Wilson, C Dobson, Esq.. Dun
cans; Mr. R. Layritz, Victoria; C. H. Dickie, Esq., M.P.P.;
C. E. Redfern, Esq., Victoria; The Saunders Grocery Co..
Ltd.,  The   Hutcheson   Co.   (Westside).   Victoria;   Lindley
Crease, Esq., Victoria; Messrs. Dixi Ross & Co.. Mr. Young,
Victoria; J. Wenger, Esq., Victoria; Messrs. Weiler Bros.,
Victoria; Messrs. Pitt & Peterson. Duncans; A. J. Clyde,
Esq., Victoria; Messrs. J. Piercv & Co., Thos. Plimley, Esq.,
Victoria; Messrs. Watson & Hall, The P?terson Shoe Co.,
Messrs.  Clarke  & Peprson.  Messrs.  Dean    &    Hiscocks.
Messrs. Chas. E. Stevenson & Co., Nanaimo; and Messrs.
W. M. Waitt & Co., as also the following contributors of
$10 each to the plize fund:    F. Nelson, Esq., Quamichan
Hotel, Duncans; J. Rogers, Esq., Alderlea Hotel, Duncans:
and Messrs. Price Bros., Tzouhalem Hotel, Duncans, and
Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake.
Proprietors
QUEEN'S MARKET
Cor. Govt. Johuson Sts., Victoria B.C.   Tel. 32.  P.O. Box 18.
LAWRENCE GOODACRE & SONS,
Wholesale   and   Retail   Butchers.     Contractors   by
appointment to His Majesty's Royal Navy, the Dominion
Government, etc.   Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
THE DOMINION HOUSE
PRIVATE BOARDING ESTABLISHMENT
Home Comforts.       Moderate Rates.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      -     CROFTON, B. C.
Proprietor,      -      A. B. WHITTINGHAM.
A. HOWE
BUTCHER,
Established for six years at Chemainus.
Best Meat at Most Liberal Prices.
Joan Avenue,
CROFTON, B. C.
H. COLLINSON,
Late Assayer Van Anda Smelter.     PROVINCIAL LICENSED ASSAYKR
THE VICTORIA ASSAY OFFICE
46 langley Street
Reliable Analyses of Ores, Coals, Ktc. .
P.O.Box 8g (Next to the Law Courts)    VICTORIA,    B.   C.
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability
GROCERS,
WINES, AND LIQUORS.
Victoria, B. C.
W. DYKE
PIONEER MERCHANT.
DRY GOODS. BOOTS AND SHOES.
Confectionery a Specialty.
Agent CROFTON GAZETTE
Joan Avenue,
HOTEL CROFTON
FIRST-CLASS WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS
Rates—$1.00 per Day and Up.
Free Baths for Guests. Propr., M. J. Conlin
HOTEL OSBORNE
CROFTON, B. C.
PRIVATE DINING ROOM BATH ROOM
First-Class Accommodation
CROFTON, B. C.    Rates—$1.00 and up per diem.    Propr., T. J. Pearce 8
THE   CROFTON   GAZETTE   AND   COWICHAN   NEWS.
v
CROFTON
The New Smelting Centre of the Pacific Coast
FOR LOTS
-APPLY TO	
Real Estate Brokers
—-AND-
••
The Lenora ML Sicker Copper Mining
Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability.)
VICTORIA, B.C.
TO LET.—Several Stores at Crofton, B.C.   Apply to Above.
J. H. WHITTOME,
Agent for - - DUNCANS, V. I.
London   and   Lancashire   Fire   Insurance   Co.
Royal Insurance Co.
SPECIAL  NOTICE.
By special arrangement with the B. C. MINING RECORD we are
able to offer particularly advantageous terms (or combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the CROFTON GAZETTE for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton Publishing Co., Crofton
or the B. C. Mining Record, P. O. Box 645, Victoria.
■MMMMii

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