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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News May 1, 1902

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 IU Crofton Gazette
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL.. 1.
CROFTON, 13. C, THURSDAY,   MAY 1, 1902.
NO. 10
AT this season of the year prospecting parties are fitting
out to search for precious and other metals in every
part of the country. In no part of the province—of
Ihe whole American continent, be it said—have they a more
promising field than in Vancouver Island. The development
of this Island wherever it has been seriously undertaken at
all has made giant strides. On Mount Sicker, where Mr.
Henry ICroft has led the way, the result already is a daily
output of 200 tons of copper-gold ore from the Lenora mine
alone. The neighbouring Tyee; mine is preparing to ship ore
to the smelter being erected at Ladysmith. Numerous other
mining properties are in various stages of development, and
many of them will be shipping ore this year. At Crofton,
thanks also to Mr.  Henry Croft's   initiative,  with tho   co-
gold   placer   diggings, with a view to working   them   more
economically as one property.
Further north again at Quatsino Sound coal mining has
long been a remunerative industry, and (besides this copper-
gold ores are nowr being literally hewn in solid masses out of
the mountains in the same district. From Cape IScott in the
furthest north, to Goldstream and iSooke, in the far south,
mineral discoveries have or are daily ibeing made. Taking
the whole Island, wherever it has been scratched it yields
copper, iron or gold. And of its coal, the extensive mines nt
Union, at Wellington and at Extension have now been worked
profitably for years and would seem to be inexhaustible, the
mines in the Comox district especially producing the best steam
coal in the world next to that of Cardiff, and coal moreover
particularly valuable for coking purposes. The coal industry
in these regions carried on by the Hon. James Dunsmuir and
The First Step in Development : Prospectors Starting Out.
operation of Messrs. Breen, Bellinger and Fotheringham, the
great smelting syndicate, a smelter plant is being constructed
of a capacity to treat any amount of ore tha* may be offered
to it. Numerous claim-holders in the neighbouring Mount
Sicker, Mount Brenton and Mount Richards districts, who
have been awaiting cheap facilities for treatment of their
ores, are now preparing to expedite development work on their
properties with a view to early shipments of ore to the new
smelter. The outlook in these districts is consequently very
bright indeed. But it is not only in the Mount Sicker district
that the prospect is rosy. Excellent mining prospects have
been found in the neighbouring Malahat mountains, and here
is the nucleus of yet another great mining district. At Cowichan Lake the mineral discoveries of recent years are now
being proved to be rich and genuine. From Alberni, notwithstanding the closing doAvn of the Hnyes mine, reports of the
mineral industry are excellent On the Jordan and Gordon
rivers quiet but steady progress in prospecting is being made.
At Alberni a large 'American syndicate is amalgamating  the
the Union and New Vancouver Coal Companies, is perhaps the
greatest on the Island at present. But it is not alone in these
districts that this mineral lias been found. Coal seams have
also been discovered at many points on tlie West Coast, as
well as at Quatsino Sound and on several of the islands that
lie contiguous to the east coast of Vancouver Island. The
large developments already made in coal mining, giving employment to many thousands of miners, may yet turn out to b»
but the small beginnings of this industry. There are stib
enormous tracts of country that have never been prospected
for any mineral. Then, again, the lumbering and agricultural
developments of the island, as yet in their Infancy, are already
large. The timber of the Cowichan Valley and the interior
of the llsland especially is famous for its size and durability,
and its limits are enormous and in themselves indeed almost
a world's supply. The fertile agricultural belts at the south
end of the Island, and in and around the beautiful Cowichan
Valley, at Alberni and Comox, and the Nitinat region, and in
the far north «t Cape Scott, have been cultivated just far THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
enough to show how much further this development might be
carried. The soil is rich, and fruits, cereals, vegetables and
roots, hay and grasses are prolific crops, and cattle, sheep and
hog-re.'ring is successfully engaged in. The Cowichan district indeed has its creamery, an invaluable and profitable
institution, but its outnut might yet be doubled or trebled in
this rich district. And shall not all the other agricultural
districts mentioned also have their creameries, and not only
those, but fruit and vegetable and meat canneries as well!
AH must come in time. The yearning, hungry cry of this
Island is for development In the first instance, better trails,
good roads and more railways through the country are wanted.
Victorians, merchants and others, with one or two exceptions,
seem to have contracted a habit of looking beyond the
colossal resources and chances of profitable business and investment that lie at their very door. They reach out to
Alaska and the Mainland to compete for trade which others
are often iu a far better position to secure, and meanwhile
the resources of their own island remain, partially recognized
indeed, but seemingly altogether undervalued. Half a dozen
transcontinental railway lines coming into Victoria will not
make that city the real terminus of any one of them, or pro-
i.w.t.t  /......I. hit1    j.t'    flu-, tixuln   .11111   nvnanniiitii  flint  nan   1
permanent prosperity.
WORK is going ahead at the Lenora mine. The new
90 horse-power boiler is being bricked. The five-drill
compressor plant, from Cornwall, its daily expected.
The foundations are already laid. The installation of the
sorting machinery will be completed this week A hoist will
also within a few days be erected in No. 2 tunnel—to be run
by compressed air. This is for the purpose of hoisting ore
between tunnels Nos. 2 and 3, and also for work in the double-
eoinpnrtinent shaft which the company are sinking to a depth
of 200 to 300 feet below No. 3 tunnel.
This company have struck in their east drift at the 120-
feot level the sanio ore body that they have at higher levels.
The ledge is 0 feet in width of good pay ore. Mr. William
Gardner, of London, the secretary of this company, arrived
in the district on Monday last and is staying with Mr. C.
Livingston, tho local managing director. Mr. Gardner is
making a thorough inspection of the company's properties
before returning to England.
The newly formed Malahat Mining Co. held a meeting at
the Tzouhalem Hotel on Saturday last to complete the business of the formation of their company and to arrange for
working their properties in the Malahat district. Messrs. O
Dickie, T. A. Wood. C. Livingston, II. Smith. Humbird, E. .1.
Palmer, Pearson, Koenig and Conway and Captain Gibson
are the chief members of this company, They own four
copper-gold claims in one block, situated in the hills at no
great distance from the E. & N. railway line. The capital
for development work is 'being provided in England. With
the formation of this company and tho commencement of their
work, yet another step has been taken towards the exploitation of the wonderful mineral wealth of Vancouver Island.
Mr. E. W. Molander, of Tort Townsend, who wns the
original owner of the Tyee mine .has been "up the hill" visiting Mount iSlcker and district Mr. Molander owms a large
number of claims on 'Mount Sicker and Mount iBrentou, and
has already two crews of men at work upon them, and h°
proposes not only to continue the development work that he
has on hand, but also to greatly enlarge the scope of his
Yet another discovery of gold has been made at the north
end of Vancouver Island, near Cape Scott. Mr. S. Jorgensen,
a member of the Scandinavian colonv there, brings this news'
nnd in confirmation of it, a bottle full of coarse gold obtained
from .black sand placer workings. The scene of this discovery is not. like Wreck Bay. on the open seashore, though the
character of the deposits is the same.    The black sand is here
found along the banks of a creek. A great deal of excitement has been caused by this new strike, and the Scandinavian
colony appears in consequence to have suddenly changed its
location temporarily, if not permanently.
The Canadian Pacific Navigation Company are somewhat
perturbed to find that their steamer, the Queen City, is actually unable to ship the large quantity of ore that the Yreka
Copper Co. propose sending round the coast from Quatsino
Sound to be smelted at Tacoma, pending the blowing in ot
the Crofton smelter. The steamer Tees is consequently to
be placed on the West Coast route for one trip towards the
end of this •month. The Yreka company will then have about
700 tons of ore ready for shipment. Ore bins and a floating
wharf are being built on the southeast arm of Quatsino
Sound, under Comstock Mountain. The mines are distant
about five furlongs from this point, and an aerial tramway
will soon connect them with salt water. The fourteen houses
which Messrs Gwin and Clarke took up with them on the
Queen Citv had to be tumbled overboard to swim ashore;
but by the" time the Tees goes up the floating wharf will probably be completed, and landing facilities will be made. The
ore' is at present being quarried out of a mountain of rock,
like building stone, and if it continues in quantity like this,
the C. P. N. Co.'s freight steamers from Skagway will be run
down the West Coast to ship it. Notwithstanding these developments, however, Capt. Troup, superintendent of the
C. P. N. Co., states that owing to the circuitous and dangerous route and the far scattered settlements on this coast, it is
impossible to run a regular boat at a profit unless with the
assistarce of a subsidy from the Government. At the instance of the Victoria .Board of Trade, 'Senator Templeman is
now recommending a small subsidy for this service to be
granted by the Dominion Government.
MR WILLIAM M. iBREWER, M. Inst. M. E., whose
name has long been identified with the progress and
encouragement of the mining interests of this province, has associated himself with the Northwestern 'Smelting
& Refining Co., and will bring his knowledge and experience
to bear in procuring ores for the Crofton smelter. Mr. Brewer
is also the well-known correspondent for British Columbia of
the Engineering & Mining Journal, of New York, and with a
view to writing a paper on the new smelter for that influential
publication, he last week paid a lengthy visit to Crofton and
thoroughly inspected the work that is proceeding, as also the
general conditions and prospects of this new industry. That
Mr. Brewer's paper will be an appreciative one is evident from
the opinions he was good enough to express to our representative. Mr. Brewer pointed out how to the mind of every
mining man who had studied the smelting industry there
must appear reasons to indicate that no better geographical
or economical situation could be chosen along the whole coast
for the erection of a smelter than Osborne Bay. The smelter
at Crofton will be almost directly in the track of steamers
passing north and south from Alaska along the whole western
■coast-line of North aud 'South America. The great coal fields
or Vancouver Island lie contiguous. Colliers arriving empty,
as they mostly do now, to take on cargoes of coal at Ladysmith or Union, will, as soon as the Crofton smelter is ready
to receive ore, perhaps two weeks hence, be able to come
laden with cargoes of mineral-bearing rock. From Mexico
and tho 'South American states, as well as from the northern
States of this continent, from Alaska, and even from Corea
nnd far eastern mineral-producing countries that are now
being developed these cargoes of ore may be expected.
Steamers bringing ores from any of these places will invariably be able to secure return cargoes from Victoria, Vancouver, 'Seattle and other neighbouring ports. Tlie geographical
position of Crofton is almost perfect. From an economical
point of view also the conditions are as favourable as can ho
found in any other place in the world. Wood of the very
best quality is at hand, tho haulage of coke to tlie smelter will
be light, and shipping facilities are unrivalled. Above all,
the most important condition for the successful working of a
smelter exists here. The Crofton smelter will have a certain
base of supply in the ore from the Lenorn-Mount Sicker mine
which will nrovide ore for many veniv* to come. In addition
the controlling forces of the smelter company are of the right
sort. Messrs. Breen. Bellinger and Fotherintrham bavin" pre-
viouslv built and run the Trail nnd Northnort smelters n
good deal is known about them. Mr. Breen is acknowledged
to be one of the 'best organizers of smelting undertakings in
the .country. Mr. II. C. Bellinger is foremost amongst metrl-
nrasts throughout the continent, and Mr. Fotlierin-lnm's
business capacity is well known. People hardly realize as
yet the enormous capability for mining development afforded
in this province by the erection of the Crofton smelter In a
few years time there is no saying how many hundreds or even THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
thousands of tons of ore may be treated daily by this smelter.
Asked if the company had already made any arrangements for receiving ore other than from Mount Sicker, Mr.
Brewer's smile was of good augury, but he would not lie
trapped into making any statement. With regard to the
townsite. Mr. Brewer was enthusiastic about its beauty of
situation and surroundings. He was glad that the town had
not been boomed before it was ready, ns the slump that inevitably follows such a course is usually fatal. At present
the prospect before the business Jirms of Crofton is good, and
business is steadily increasing. The town will doubtless grow
rapidly as soon as the smelter starts to work.
iMr Brewer is a careful man, who weighs his words
before ho utters them. What especially impressed our representative with Mr. Brewer's appreciative opinions Avas the
cheery tone of conviction in which he expressed them, and
this means much from so eminent an authority on mining and
smelting matters.
The "B C. 'Mining Exchange" has always devoted a good
deal of its attention to Vancouver Island affairs, and this
week an editorial makes a timely appeal to the merchants of
Vancouver and Victoria to bestir themselves to secure the
trade which is rapidly being developed by the opening up of
the Island mines. Thus writes the editor: "We are not
running a commercial paper exactly, but we do not think that
it is out of place hero to call the attention of our advertisers
in Vancouver and elsewhere to the enormous possibilities of
trade which the steady, almost unnoticed, progress of mining
development on the Coast and the Islands is opening up. In
Vancouver and Viictoria this rapid advance to the front of
mining properties which lie almost at our very doors is almcet
wholly overlooked; but we cannot expect other communities
to share our blindness, and it behooves us to be up and doing
without delay, lest the rapidly increasing volume of trade
which is ours by right of greatest proximity bo diverted into
other channels. Reference to the columns of the B. C.
Mining Exchange during the past three months will more than
bear out the above remarks; and we can assure our readers
that, iin our desire to avoid undue exaggeration, we have
rather under-stated than over-stated the facts rs to the
present condition and future prospects of Coast and Island
We have received tho following notice from the Department, of Agriculture :
An opportunity to buy pure-bred stock of the above-
named breed is offered by the O. R. & N. Co., who are
holding an auction sale of five carloads at Colfax, Washington, on the 8th and 9th May. The sale is by the American
Shorthorn Breeders' Association, and will be in charge of Mr.
B. 0. Cowan, assistant secretary of the association. Tabulated pedigree and certificate of entry with each animal sold,
and guarantee that every animal will be absolutely as represented. A large part of the offerings will be representative
animals from the herds of the following well-known breeders:
G M. Casey, H. C. Duncan, T. J. Wornall, John C. Mills,
Gfeforge Both well, W. P. Harned, John Morris, J. F. Finley,
George D. Minor. Reduced rates to those attending the sale
are offered by the 0. R, & N. Co.
The Hon. C. L. iSiuith, lecturing at Comox the other day,
gave a very interesting description of a good cow. He stated
that the cow, to begin with, should be a model, no matter
about breed—it is the cow itself; full, clear, mild eye, wide
forehead, large mouth, thin neck, wedge-shaped shoulder,
wide between fore-legs, with the better ribs sloping from the
back, no bulging out round, wide enough between them for
two or three fingers to lie, milk veins large, udder well shaped
and passing up well behind, bow-shaped from abdomen to
back of udder, a good feeder, good constitution and lung
power; these must meet the test of quantity and quality of
milk by Babcock tester and scales. If not satisfactory, get
rid of her to the butcher and replace by a better. Cows that
did not come up to the standard he called dead-head boarders;
the sooner they are gotten rid of the better
Out-of-town Customers can shop very easily by mail if they only care to use
the advantages of our Mail-Order System. If you can't come in person write
for anything' you want, a postcard will bring you samples and information. Experienced clerks will execute order the same day as received.     MONBV Back if
not Satisfied.
8o Government Street,
Tho ferry service between Liverpool and Sidney and
Crofton will very soon be inaugurated. The barge Georgia,
which has been lying at 'Sidney for some weeks, being fitted
to the new sap, left in tow of the steamer Mystery on 'Sunday
last. She is now being fitted to the new slip at Liverpool,
and by the time she is done there theCrofton slip will probably be ready for her, and the entire service will be available
for freight transport in the course of a fortnight or 60.
Victoria, B. C.
Price Bros.,       -       -       -       Proprietors.
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability,
Victoria, B. C.
Thorpe's Ginger Ale
Prize Medal
World's Fair.
78 Yates St., Corner Broad,
The Crofton Gazette
The Crofton Publishing Co.
Manager, H. Mortimer Lamb
Editor, Henry II. Newill
$1.00 per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces at a reduction by arrangement.
All communications for the present to P. 0. Box 645, Victoria,
P.  O. Duncans and Crofton.
THURSDAY,   MAY 1, 1902.
THERE are signs of awakening interest both at home and
abroad, in the vast potentialities of mining and industrial development on Vancouver Island. This movement can assume practical shape none too soon The Island
is too rich in natural gifts to starve, but it is hungering for
the investment of more capital and the exploitation of its
latent resources. That these are very great indeed has
already been proved by experiment, but their vastness an!
variety can only as yet be hinted at and suggested by the
fresh discoveries of promising mining, lumbering and agricultural fields that are being made almost daily. Mr. Henry
,Croft, by his enterprise and energy, which have resulted in
the opening up of the Mount Sicker mining district and the
founding of the smelting industry at Crofton, has done a
giant's work in expediting the progress of the country, and
has given a lead to other capitalists which at length is being
followed, and all British Columbians must rejoice thereat.
We in the Cowichan district want to eee Duncans a large,
populous town and Crofton rivalling present-day Victoria, for
by that time our capital city will be a second Winnipeg in
size and growing prosperity. This is no dream of a visionary.
The late Colossus of 'South Africa was called a visionary.
There is the story told mbout him how one day he was remonstrated with by n friend for planting an avenue of trees in an
out-of-the-way, sparsely populated district of Rhodesia. " I
see men, women and children walking about under the shade
of those trees," replied Cecil Rhodes, and his lonely tomb on
the Matoppo heights will one day doubtless look down upon
the scene he thus conjured up. Even so with development on
this Island the doubters and disbelievers of to-day will stand
astonished at the progress of to-morrow.
Our always interesting contemporary, the "B. C. Mining
Exchnnge," which is published in Vancouver, last month published a spirited editorial, drawing attention to the slowness of
Vancouver and Victoria business men in seizing the opportunities of investment that are even now awaiting them on this
Island, and allowing others to come in and take them. This
is one sign of the way the wind is blowing. And only last
•Sunday the Victoria Colonist contained an admirable leader,
which was headed, "Progress Has Begun." This sets forth
how: "It has long been understood and appreciated that Vancouver Island is, so far as the metallurgical industry is concerned, the pivotal point on the /Pacific Coast of North
America. There is not a metallurgist of any eminence on the
continent who has ever given his attention to the question of
smelting on the Paehic Coast, but has recognized the paramount superiority of Vancouver Island as a smelting centre
The reason is so apparent that he who runs may read. Vancouver Island has the fuel and the fluxes, has deep-sea transportation to and from all points, and any number of landlocked harbours."    With the editor's permission we propose to
publish the article in extenso in another week's issue, for the
superiority of Vancouver Island as a field for investment does
not seem to be so apparent to our home capitalists as the
conditions warrant.
The Post Office at Crofton is officially inaugurated to-day
by Mr. E. H. Fletcher, the Tost Office Inspector at Victoria,
in person. Mr. Fletcher is to-day at Crofton conferring with
the newly appointed postmaster, Mr. J. A. Broadwell. The
postal service will be a daily one, carried from and to Victoria
by the Victoria Terminal & Sidney Railway and connecting
steamer. A money order office will be established in a few
days. We welcome this arrangement, feeling sure that it will
amply meet the requirements of our direct Victoria correspondence. But, as we have said before, we do not think a single
service will sufficiently meet the growing needs of Croftoniaus.
Our letters do not all either come from or go to Victoria, and
under the present arrangement a letter from Duncans or
Nanaimo will have to go to Victoria to be sent back to Crofton,
thereby taking two days to cover a distance of a few miles.
It stands to reason that this will be a considerable inconvenience to correspondents in the town To take another instance,
the Crofton Gazette posted in Crofton will have to be carried
all the way to Victoria to be brought back by the E. & N.
railway for distribution to a large number of subscribers in
the Cowichan district. This grievance can 'be so easily
remedied that we do not hesitate to ask the Post Office authorities to remedy it at once. A stage runs daily from Westholme, where there is already a Post Office, to Crofton; and
the Mount Sicker Railway is now also connecting the town
with the E. & N. Railway siding. It would not be a difficult
or costly matter to come to some arrangement with the stage
proprietor or the railway company to carry the Crofton mail
bag. Mr. Malcolm Elliott, who is driving the stage, has been
carrying Crofton letters hitherto without any charge.
We ibclieve that the Dominion Government have agreed to
subsidize the Victoria and West Coast steamer service, so as
to ensure a better communication and more frequent and regular mails.    This is indeed good news.
Trains will run between  Central Station Victoria, and
Sidney as follows:
Leave Victoria at    8.00 a. m.    4.00 p. m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "       5.45    "
Leave Victoria at 8.00 a. m.    2.00 p. m.
"    Sidneyat 9.00   "        5.45    •'
Connects  at  Sidney  with  morning train DAILY for
CROFTON.    Returning connects with
evening train for Victoria.
Crofton Iflp to Bate.
Great progress has been made with the construction of
the ore bins during the past week, and these are now neariii:;
completion. There will foe six of them, with a capacity o:,'
100 tons each, and they will foe connected with a large
sampling shed. The fooiler house is completed, and the boiler
settings are all in. The three boilers and boiler stack have
already arrived, and will be placed in position immediately.
The engine-house also is completed, and some idea of its size
can be gathered from the fact that upwards of 100,(1(10 feet of
lumber have been used in its construction The foundations
for the great stack, which is to be 120 feet high and 12 feet
inside measurement, are laid, and the brickwork will .begin in
a few days. The excavation for the furnace and machinery
houses is making good progress now that the weather is tine
and dry. ■S%me 25 or 30 crrloads of machinery are on tlie
other side of the water, awaiting the inauguration of the
ferry service to be brought to Crofton. Within a very few-
weeks of the completion of the excavation now going on, the
Northwestern 'Smelting & Refining Company will have blown
in their new Crofton smelter, and will be hard at work on the
Ler.ora-lMount 'Sicker ores. A new furnace of special design—
designed, we believe, foy Mr. H. C. Bellinger himself—will lie
ready for immediate instalment as soon rs the smelter buildings are completed. This will not only effect an enormous
saving in the cost of smelting ores, but will add proportionately to the capacity of the works. The treatment of 500 tons
of ore a day, hitherto spoken of as the capacity of the smelter
plant now being put in, will be largely exceeded by the use of
this specially constructed furnace. The strike nt the Allis-
Chalmers works has retarded the delivery of machinery for
footh the Crofton and Ladysmith smelters, font with this new
plant the Crofton smelter will be independent of all such
It has been bruited abroad that the smelter company will
employ a large proportion of Asiatics in their smelting operations. This is absolutely untrue. A representative of the
Crofton Gazette has been assured foy a director of the Northwestern Smelting & Refining Company that he and his confreres have no use for Asiatics as a general rule, and nearly
"Ii the labour employed by his compnuy will lie white labour.
This will set at rest all misapprehensions on this point.
The rails are now laid into Crofton, and trains are running
daily between Mount Sicker and the smelter The opening
was celebrated on Saturday last, when a party of newspaper
and mining men journeyed up the line from Crofton to Mount
Sicker in a car gaily decorated with flags and drawn by one
of the Lenora company's powerful little 20-ton geared engines,
which was festooned with flowers for the occasion. Mr. Croft
entertained the party at the Mount Sicker Hotel, and the event
was a memorafole one, being as it was the practical inauguration of a new stage of development on the Island.
The post office opens to-day in the charge of Mr. J. A.
Broadwell, our esteemed citizen and general storekeeper of
Joan Avenue.
Keast's Livery Stable.
Operating Crofton and Mt. Sicker Stages.
Daily connecting with all E.  & N.   Railway Trains.
Daily, Sundays excepted.
H. KEAST, Proprietor.
The water supply will probably be laid on in the town
during the week.
The Crofton and Osborne hotels are now completely furnished, and have been receiving their last coats of paint.
Amongst visitors registering at the Crofton Hotel during
the past week have been Mr. William >M. Brewer, the eminent
mining engineer and writer, and Mr. J. Croft.
At the Osborne Hotel have been registered, among others,
Mrs. W. Smith and daughter, Mr. and 'Mrs. F. Sherbourne
and son, and iMrs. Clark, of Seattle.
Mr. E. A. Hoggan, of Revelstoke, is visiting Texada
Island, and will make a tour of inspection through the West
Coast and Mount 'Sicker mining districts. He is examining
properties on behalf of an Eastern syndicate.
Mrs. Smith, wife of Mr. William Smith, of the contracting
firm of Smith & Sherbourne, who are doing all the building
work on the smelter, paid Crofton a visit on Sunday, and was
loud in her praises of the beauty of  the situation.
Mr. J. Croft, brother of Mr. Henry Croft, is taking up his
permanent residence in town Mr. J. Croft has had an adventurous career, having served in the American army in
Cuba and Porto Rico, where he was twice wounded, and bee
since served in the Philippines and China.
(Incorporatkd 1861.)
Manufacturers   of   High   Explosives,   Stumping   Powder,    Blasting,
Mining and Sporting Powder.    Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head office : Montreal.    Branch office: Victoria.    Local  offices :
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland and Greenwood.      Works:  Nanaimo.
If you are contemplating
building we shall be
pleased to give you an
Head Office:
159 Yates Street,
Electric Power.
Phone A750.
Cor. Yates and Douglas Streets, Victoria, B. C
Established 1878.
Wholesale  Importer  and Dealer   in All Kinds ok Mer-
Depot for Giant Powder Co.        B. C. Pottery Co.
Duncans. Quamichan.
Manufacturer of
Dairy Chop and All Kinds of Mill Stuffs por Feeding
Complete  Housefurnishings,
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
Duncans anfc Cowichan local flews.
The work of this excellent association is steadily growing,
and more farmers are sending in their milk every month.
The output of butter it-' increasing each week, and the churning for Tuesday last, the 29th instant, reached no less a total
than 11,000 lbs. A much larger increase still is possible, and
there is no reason why this large total should not be. let us
say, doubled in a very short time if fanners will loyally support their local industry and thereby improve their own
This dance was held in the Odd Fellows' Hall at Duncans
on the 25th instant. The room was crowded, not only with
members from around Duncans, but also with Odd Fellows
from iMount Sicker, Chemainus and Crofton, and that they
spent a most enjoyable evening was the verdict of  all.
Mr. J II. Whittoine, notary and mining broker, of Duncans, reports local sales of Tyee Copper Company's shares
during the past week at $4.50.
(Contributed thy Robert Service, Corfield).
On (Friday evening, 25th instant, an audience of over a
hundred packed the snug little hall at Cobble Hill and prepared to enjoy the varied programme that Mrs. Wilkinson
had provided for them. The concert was one of a series to
be given with the object of providing Cobble Hill with a
larger hall and commodious stage on which dramatic works
can be presented. The crowded state of the present building
on Friday emphasized the necessity for roomier premises;
ami the general excellence of the performance proved that
there is much genuine talent in the neighbourhood.
Tlie programme opened with an overture, "The Caliph of
Bagdad," iby the excellent Mill Bay orchestra, conducted by
Monsieur Deloume. Mr. M. Cameron next delivered an excellent song entitled "The Life of a Man," which was encored.
The curtain then rose on a 'beautiful tableau, "Great Britain."
Representing England were Mr. and Mrs. Bazett; Scotland,
Mrs. Rolston and Mr Donald Macpherson; Wales, Mrs. Cor-
lieid and Mr. iHollins; Ireland, Miss Wilkinson and Ml*.
Nightingale. The costumes and grouping were effective, and
the tout ensem'ble was most pleasing.
Mrs. Maitland-Dougall sang "The 'Swallows" in finished
and artistic style. Miss Pearl Frayne, a dainty little maid
in white, plryed a pretty piano solo with expression and delicacy. Mr. Hollins sang "The Old Oaken Bucket" with much
favour. A tableau followed, representing Jack and Gill and
Hopcep, in which Misses Cheal and Macpherson and Master
Taggart took part. Miss A. Savage, a tiny little girl, sang
"Won't You Come to My Tea PartyV" with much cleverness,
and was accompanied by another little tot on the piano. Mr.
L. Deloume gave a piano solo with his usual finish Mrs.
Corfield sang "Asthoro" with much sweetness and expression,
and was accorded a most hearty encore.
A tableau, "The Elopement," was now revealed, in which
Mrs. Rolston. Miss Garnett, Miss Wilkinson, Messrs. Cameron, Fawcett, Nightingale and B. Wilkinson were grouped in
an artistic stage picture. Mr. Bazett sang "A Warrior Bold"
in a fine rich baritone. A duet, for violin and piano by Mrs.
Wilkinson and Mr. Fawcett was much appreciated. ' In a
vocal duet, "To the Woods." Mr. and Mrs. Henderson sang
well, and ought to be heard again.
Another tableau followed. "There was an old woman who
lived in a shoe." Miss Nightingale made rather too comely
an old woman, in spite of a frill cap and spectacles, and
among the swarm of "kids" emerging from the huge shoo
were Misses Cheal, Frnyne, Garnett, 'Hawkins, Burnham,
Macpherson and Savage, and Masters Blake. Hawkins, La-
fortune, Taggart and Townsend. Mrs Bazett rendered "0.
Dry Those Tears," with feeling, and Mr. Fawcett charmed
tho audience with a violin Oblignto.
The second part of tbe programme began with an intermezzo by the Mill Bay orchestra, after -which Mrs. Maitland-
Dougall sang "Ben Bolt." which melody is specially suited to
her deep rich voice, and the audience insisted on an encore.
A tableau, "Between Two Fires." followed. This represented
a Puritan Mr. Hollins) seated at table, and two dainty
sewing maids (Mrs. Macpherson and Miss Lnfortune). each
endeavoring to claim his favour, while he would exclaim.
"How happy could T be with either, were t'other dear
•charmer away." A duet for violin and piano. "The Barber
of Seville," was next rendered admirably by Messrs. Deloume.
Mr. A. Dodds sang "Knocked 'Em in the Old Kent Road" in
his inimitable style, and was deservedly encored. A beautiful
tableau, "The Babes in the Woods," was prettily represented
by Miss C. Garnett and Master E Hawkins. After a piano
duet by Messrs. Deloume, the curtain now rose on "Bluebeard. The characters were costumed in gorgeous apparel.
New scenery had been painted with artistic skill by Mr.
'Stewart. As Bluebeard, Mr. Cheeke, who stands (t feet 7
inches, looked fierce and positively Titanic. As Lady Eleanora,
Mrs. Wilkinson delivered her lines effectively, and made a
handsome dame; Mrs. Bazett, as Lady Emineline, was at
home in the part, and looked charming; Mrs. Parry, as Lady
At.ne—"the grave, sweet Anne"—acted with grace and power,
and made a striking figure in her beautiful costume. As the
two brothers, Messrs. Parry and Wilkinson were all that could
be desired.    On the whole, the play was a great success.
The programme terminated with a tableau, "Britannia and
Canada," in which Mrs Rolston as Britannia made a majestic
and beautiful figure. The audience sang "God iSnvo the
King" and gave three cheers for Mrs. Wilkinson, who is so
deservedly popular among them. A dance followed, and en-
joyably finished up a delightful entertainment.
A dance will be held in the 'Sahtlam school house on Friday, 2nd May.
Mr. R. Lea, looal secretary of the Yreka Copper Company, returned from Tacoma on Sunday.
Mr. W. H. Hall has just arrived from 'Siam, and is spending a few days visiting his mother and his brother, Mr J. E.
Messrs. R. Richardson, John Holgate and J. McMerkin,
of Ladysmith, have been spending some days in Duncans and
the vicinity for fishing.
Mr. anil Mrs. Le Xeven have arrived, and are making
preparations to reside on the property they lately purchased
from Mr. H. de M. Mellin at Somenos.
Amongst visitors to the Tzouhalem Hotel. Duncans, during the past week have been Mr. and Mrs. Lo Neveu, Mr. and
Mrs. A. D 'Shepherd, Mrs. F. G. Hall, the Misses Burnett,
and Messrs. Thomas Kiddie, P. C. Caesar, (H. A. Hooven, R.
Lea, H. Burroughes, E. W. Molander, C. iS. Baxter, B. S.
Heisterman, J Babcock, F. G. Hall, J. II. Good, George
Maupin, F. Murchison and E. A. Green.
Turner,   Beeton  &  Co.,  Ltd,,
Sole Agents for
ROBERT   BROWN'S 4-Crown Scotch Whiskey.
PLAYER'S Navy Cut Tobaccos and Cigarettes.
Hay, Grain and Mill Feed
The Bpackman-Ker Milling Co.,
At the Alderlea Hotel, Duncans, Mr. II. C. Bellinger,
director of the Crofton 'Smelter Compauy, and Mr. Galhraith,
the fishery inspector, have stayed for a few days' fishing.
Messrs. R. and N. Musgrave and 1). Livingston returned
on Monday, the 28:h instant, from McGill University, and
will spend the vacation at their homes. They have been successful in their examinations.
Mr 'Seymour Hadwen, who recently passed the examination for veterinary surgeon at McGill University, sails for
Capetown on May 10, having received a commission as lieutenant-surgeon.
Messrs. P. C. Caesar and H. A. Hooven, two prominent
mining men from Washington, have recently spent Severn 1§
days inspecting mining prospects in the Mount Sicker and
neighbouring districts.
Mr. E. A. Price came down from Cowichan Lake last
week for a few days. He is managing the Price Bros.' Lakeside Hotel, and reports some very good catches of trout in
Cowichan Lake.
Preparations are well forward for the concert to lie
given for the benefit of the Alderlea Fire Co. From present
prospects it will undoubtedly be the best concert ever'given in
Duncans, and the occasion merits the best, that can be provided.     Announcements will be made later.
What might have proved a very serious accident occurred on
Saturday last. Mr. Haycroft and family were driving out of
Duncans along the Victoria-Nanaimo road when their horse
shied and backed over a steep embankment, throwing out all
Hie occupants of the trap. Fortunately no one was seriously
Mr. E. M. Skinner arrived from Mount 'Sicker on Monday
last, having completed the survey for the Tyee company's
aerial tramway to Stratford's Crossing, on the E & N. Railway, near iSomenos. He reports that Messrs. Lee & Livingston are getting on with the work of clearing the right-of-way.
Notice is hereby given that application will be made to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia at its present session
for an Act to incorporate a company with power to construct, equip,
maintain and operate a single or double line of railway, to be operated
by steam, electricity or any other mode of power, at and from the City
of Victoria in the Province of British Columbia, thence northwest by
the most feasible route to a point at or near Seymour Narrows in the
said Province of British Columbia ; and with power to construct, establish, maintain and continually operate a railway ferry steamship service
for the purpose of transferring for reward, passengers and passenger and
freight cars from the said point at or near Seymour Narrows in Vancouver's Island to a point on the Mainland of the Province of British
Columbia ; and with further powers to build, equip, maintain and operate branches of the said railway from any point on the main line
thereof to any point in Vancouver Island ; and with power to build
and operate tramways in connection with the said railway ; and with
power to build, construct, equip, maintain and operate telegraph and
telephone lines in connection with the said railways and branches; and
with power to generate electricity for the supply of light, heat and power, and for all, any and every other purpose mentioned in sections 80,
81, 82 and 83 of the " Water Clauses Consolidation Act, 1897," and
to do everything necessary or incidental to the carrying out of all or any
of the objects referred to in the said sections ; and with power io exercise ali the powers given to the company by parts IV and V of the
" Water Clauses Consolidation Act, 1897 ;" and with power to build,
own and maintain saw-mills ; and to carry on a general express business, and to build, maintain and operate bridges, roads, ways, ferries,
wharves, docks, steamboats, steamships, coal bunkers and other works;
and to make traffic or other arrangements with railway, steamship or
steamboat and other companies ; and with power to expropriate lands
for the purposes of the company and to acquire land bonuses, privileges
for other aid from any government or municipality, or other persons or
bodies corporate, nnd with power lo build waggon roads to be used in
the construction of such railway nnd in advance of same, and to levy
and collect tolls from all persons using, and on all freight passing over
any of such roads built by the company, whether before or after the
construction of the railway, and with power to sell out its undertaking ;
and with all other usual, necessary or incidental rights, or privileges as
may be necessary or conducive to the above objects, or any of them.
Dated at Victoria, 15. C, this 24th day of March, A.D., 1902.
6-6 Solicitors for the applicants.
Civil Engineer and Provincial  Land   Surveyor.
A splendid stock of LAWN  TENNIS  GOODS made
by Wright & Ditson and  Ayres,   including Racquets,
Balls,  Poles,   Nets,   Presses,   etc.      Croquet Sets and
other summer games.
M. W. WA1TT & CO., 44 Government St., Victoria.
Cor. Govt, and Johnson Sts., Victoria, B. C.    Tel. 32.    P. O. Box 18.
WHOLESALE and RETAIL Butchers.    Contractors by appointment
to His Majesty's Royal Navy, The Dominion Government, etc.
Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
Home Comforts.    Moderate Rates.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      -      CROFTON, B. C
Established  for six  years  at Chemainus.
Best Meat at most liberal
Joan Avenue,      -      -      Crofton, B. C.
Holman Bros.
Patent Rock Drill.
Drills  and  Accessories, Columns and Tripods,
Manufacturers of Air Compressors and all
kinds of Mining Machinery.
Rowland Machin, Gen'' Aeent'
The New Smelting Centre of
the Pacific Coast.
Real Estate Brokers
The Lenora Mt. Sicker Copper
Mining Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability),
Agent for DUNCANS, V. I.
London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Co.
Royal Insurance Co.
By special arrangement with the B. C. Mining Record we are
able lo offer particularly advantageous terms for combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the Crofton Gazette for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton Publishing Co., Crofton
or the B. C Mininc^Record, P. 0. Box 645, Victoria.


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