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The Crofton Gazette and Cowichan News Sep 24, 1902

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 loA
QUAMICHAN  HOTEL
DUNCANS
Now Open. Re-built and
Re-furnished. Heated by
Hot Air. Sample Room
for Commercial Travelers.
Boats for Fishing.
F. Nelson, Prop.
• ••11 *C ••
J. H. WHITTOME,
Agent   for   London  and
Lancashire Fire Insurance
Co., Royal Insurance Co.
Duncans, V. I.
 Crofton Gazette
ant) Cowichan flews
Devoted to the Mining and Agricultural Interests of Vancouver Island, Texada
Island, and Coast Mainland Districts.
VOL. 1.
CROFTON, B. C, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1902.
No. 28
THE BLOW-IN.
FOR the benefit of Mr. Baggaley, the head of the Garretson furnace companies, and a party of interested
capitalists who had come all the way from Pittsburg,
and including Judge Reed, Mr. Linquist and Dr. Jackman,
all officials of the chief company, Mr. H. C. Bellinger on
Saturday last fired the new Garretson furnace experimentally. The last fastenings in this new construction had
scarcely been secured, when it was called upon to> bear the
fiery ordeal. To suit the convenience of the distinguished
visitors the arrangements for working, for receiving the
matte, and carrying away the slag, were hastily improvised,
and the first smelter on Vancouver Island was put into
operation. The event, in a way, was the blowing-in of the
Crofton smelter, although that establishment is or will be
complete in itself entirely independently of the new furnace;
nace was tried the bottom burnt out: but no mishap of any
kind occurred to mar the success of this experiment. The
furnace, admirably constructed by the Victoria Machinery
Depot, under the direction of Mr. F. C. Garretson, did all
that was asked of it- Its main feature, the conversion of the
matte into blister copper, was not seriously attempted. The
furnace itself stood every test, and the result was pronounced
eminently satisfactory by every expert present. The raw ore
straight from the mine, and this too, an ore containing over
40 per cent of baryta, was smelted with success, and thus
has never been done before on so large a scale. Extensive
laboratory experiments, however, will have to be made
before the new furnace can be tested on its full merits.
Those of the spectators who were qualified to give an opinion in the matter, one and all, expressed themselves as satisfied that, under Mr. H. C. Bellinger's skilful treatment the
Garretson furnace will do all that its inventors claim for it.
< ►
At the Crofton Smelter—Six weeks ago—and present time.
::
the success of which, however, will undoubtedly revolutionize the smelting industry not only at Crofton but throughout
the mining world.
At 10:13 a.m. on that memorable Saturday morning
Mrs. H. C. Bellinger threw in the first three shovelfuls of
Lenora ore, one into each door of the furnace. At 10:40
a.m. the first trickle of matte issued from one of the sight
holes, and was plugged by 'Mr. Bellinger himself. At 11 '.20
.the first slag burst out from the spout of the slag box with a
roar like a cannon; and after a while, and some vigorous
assistance from the stalwart foreman Mr. Joe Devitt, who
was. armed with a long iron poker, ran freely. Thus was
the smelting industry inaugurated on Vancouver Island.
A little after mid-day the steamer "City of Nanaimo"
which had been chartered by Mr. Baggaley and his associates
arrived and landed a large party of distinguished guests from
Victoria. Smelting operations were now in full blast. On
the last previous occasion upon which the Garretson fur-
All day Saturday, Saturday night, and Sunday the furnace was fed with varying charges of Lenora and Quatsino
and other ores, and valuable information was acquired by the
management. Mr. Henry Croft was present on both days,
and amongst other visitors were Messrs. T. Bakewell, T. A.
Witherspoon, and W. A. Bole of Pittsburg; the Hon. Edgar
Dewdney, Col. the Hon. E. G. Prior, A. E. McPhillips,
K.C, M.P.P.; Capt. John Irving, Richard Hall. M.P.P.;
Geo. L. Courtney, Dr. Powell, and Sir Richard Musgrave..
Mrs. Croft came to grace the event with Miss Bfyden and
Miss Harvey. Dr. T. J. Jones and Mrs. Jones with Miss
George came on the boat from Victoria, and numerous residents in the district drove over amongst whom might be
noted Mr. and Mrs. R. Barkley, Miss A. Mutter, Mr. S.
Mortimer-Lamb, Mr. Geo. Mutter from Somenos; Mr.
Lawle, Mr. Williams, Mr. George, Mr. Freeman and Mr. J.
S. Reid from Saanich; Mr. and Mrs.. Dunne, Mr. and Mrs.
Master and Croftonians without exception were of course THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
*  >
eager to watch the inauguration of an industry the success
of which means so much to the town and the district.
On Saturday evening the smelter buildings were lighted
with electricity for the first time. Then it was that the
spectators, unused to such a sight, had reason to become
enthusiastic over the glowing scene—the red hot slag running
thickly into the stream of water that was to carry it away to
the sea, the molten matte hissing out of the spout and emitting livid Barnes of red and white and yellow where it emerged from the furnace, or occasionally exploding in a firework
display of sparks where it happened to strike water, the
furnace men with their long iron rods dealing with the terrifying molten stuff as they would!
On Sunday evening the furnace was emptied: but experiments will be continued in a few days time.
With regard to the new furnace, Mr. F. C. Garretson,
recently interviewed by the "Times." thus describes the new
process:—
"It is a little difficult to explain our system in such a way
as to be quite intelligible to laymen, but I may say that the
ordinary process of smelting involves the roasting and
smelting of ore as separate processes to the'converting of
it. The ore takes six weeks in the roasting process, and in
the case of a smelter treating a thousand tons of ore a day.
there would have to be 42,000 tons of ore—which means the
capital represented by its value tied up for the time being.
The smelting process is much the same in our furnace, but
we utilize the sulphur and iron in the ore as fuel which saves
the cost of coke. In ordinary pyritic ore there are as many
heat units as in coal.
"Also, we do away altogether with the cost of the converting plant, which is the most expensive portion of smelting plants.
"In cases where the ore is right—where it contains the
necessary proportions of sulphur and iron, we do away
with carbonaceous fuel, and the cost of the Garretson process
is roughly just one-fourth the cost of ordinary smelting.
"After roasting it is necessary to put th; ore through another process, often through an ordinary water-jacketed
shaft furnace, after which you have a fifty per cent, matte
to put into the convertor to be blown up into copper.
"In our furnace we take the raw ore as it comes from the
mine, charge it into the top of the furnace and take out at
the bottom blister copper, which is about 94 per cent, metallic copper. After that it is only necessary to refine it elec-
trolytically to eliminate what impurities remain and separate
the gold and silver.
"The difficulty with the present process has been that a
high grade troduct could not be made without making a
rich slag—too rich in mineral to be thrown away. Also, it
was not considered oossible to convert in a water-jacketed
convertor, without lining in with fire clay and crushed quartz,
which has to be frequently replaced, and it is an expensive
system A number of methods of introducing silica into the
converters have been tried, and they have been lined with
refractory material such as magnesia, but it was found difficult to introduce the necessary silica, so as to make it combine with the oxide of iron formed in converting.
'We obviated this difficulty by converting underneath
the charge in the furnace, feeding an excess silica in witl*
the charge and converting by a row of tuyeres placed around
the furnace.   In this way we prevented all of the silica from
being taken up at the top, and it is forced down by the weight
of the charge above it as silica, into the matte where it is
required.
"We are not claiming to do anything that is not entirely
consistent with the laws of chemistry. We have simply combined the three existing processes, and the whole operation
takes place in one apparatus. Pyritic smelting is an established fact, and the reason it is no more in use is that in
older to make a sufficiently high grade matte it is essential
that you run the furnace very slowly, and it is then liable to
dog up. If you keep the furnace in good smelting condition
the product is so low grade that has to be put through the
smelter ag.iin. In our furnace we are not particular what
grade of matte we get, because converting is carried on in
the same vessel.
"It has always been said that if you make a high grade
product you make a rich slag, but we can make a rich product and got a slean slag, because the making of'the rich
product is carried on below the slag level in the furnace, and
before the slag gets out of the furnace it is cleansed by the
low grade matte failing and being reconverted.
"We are creating an excess of heat by converting immediately under the smelter zone of the furnace- It is usually considered necessary in pyritic smelting to have a hot
blast and we avoid that by putting an excess of air in the
converting tuyeres and allowing it to pass through the hot
matte and slag into the smelting zone above, being heated in
its passage.
"The smelter itself is a rectangular shaft furnace, 38
inches wide and 161 inches long inside. The height of the
jacket is 9 feet 12^ inches, with a number of r-inch smelting
tuyeres and seven-eights of an inch converting tuyeres. Its
capacity will be 360 tons in 24 hours."
Kitto & Qooch
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS AND CONVEYANCERS
Office, Oddfellows Bldg.,     LADYSMITH, B. C.
V. O. Pox 743
HAMILTON POWDER CO.
(Incorporated 1861)
Manufacturers of High Explosives, Stumping Powder, Blasting
Mining and Sporting Powder.   Dealers in Electric Blasting
Apparatus, Safety Fuse, Detonators, etc.
Head Office, Montreal.  Branch Office, Victoria.  Local Offices,
Vancouver, Nelson, Rossland & Greenwood.   Works, Nanaimo
E. M. SKINNER
Civil Engineer and Provincial Land Surveyor.
DUNCANS'
Northwestern Smelting and Refining Co.
Purchasers of GOLD, SILVER and COPPER ORES,
MATTES,  COPPER   BULLION  and   FURNACE
PRODUCTS*    atatytat^ytyt*#t£att*«Jttje«#«M*#t#ytatat
Location of Works, CROFTON, VANCOUVER ISLAND, B. C, THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS,
MINING NEWS.
ORE SHIPMENT FROM TYEE.
THE first four carloads of ore from the Tyee mine were
shipped from the bins at the end of the aerial tramway at Stratford's Crossing on the 23rd inst.    They
were delivered at the Ladysmith smelter bins the same day.
The aerial tramway has been running satisfactorily, though
not as yet very regularly.
LENORA MT- SICKER RAILWAY.
Engine No. 2 is now running on the Lenora Mt. Sicker
Railway and is giving great satisfaction. The new boiler
has more than answered expectations, and this little engine
is now the most powerful on the line.
THE COPPER KING.
The "Copper King" property belongs to Messrs. M.
Howe, J. Boyce. and E. J. Palmer, oif Chemainus. and is
a very promising prospect- The claim is situated some 200
yards below Nugget Creek on the Chemainus River, in the
Mt. Sicker District- There is already a tunnel driven forty
feet in on the lead, and the rock taken out has assayed 24V\
per cent, copper, 1 1-6 oz. silver, and a trace of gold.
QUATSINO SOUND.
Work on the Yreka Co.'s properties is progressing very
rapidly. The aerial tramway is in an advanced stage of construction, and the new teii-drill compressor plant to be
driven by an 18-foot Pelton waterwheel is being installed.
Mr. Pollock of the Yreka Company sitates that he has discovered a deposit of specular iron in the district. This is
a valuable discovery as the iron is a species of hematite and
has many of its properties. The deposit has been traced lor
some 3.000 feet and averages about twelve feet in width.
THE COPPER CANYON AGREEMENT.
The little difference of opinion between ihe directors and
shareholders of the Mt. Sicker and Brenton Mines, Ltd., has
been amicably settled, and Mr. J. S. H. Matson publishes a
notice to the shareholders that after consultation with A. E.
McPhillips, K.C., and the executive of the company, he is
satisfied that there is not any intention on the part of the
management to deal unfairly or unjustly with the interests of
the minority shareholders. To absolutely prevent any further misunderstandings the respective rights of the majority
and the minority holders of shares in the company have been
embodied in an agreement. Mr. Matson has therefore instructed his solicitors to discontinue (the action recently instituted.
IRON ON THE ISLAND.
Mr. Carmichael. the provincial assayer. is very .busy
these days making an exhaustive examination as far as
possible of the iron deposits on the Island. He has returned
from the West Coast, and is now visiting the San Juan district. A government report will shortly be published giving
the result of his explorations.
NEW COPPER COMBINE.
A copper combine has been formed at Buffalo with a capital of nearly one hundred million dollars to compete with
other copper interests in America. It is asserted that copper
can be landed in New York at 2 cents a pound, and that the
new combination can yet make their money—aided by the
operation of the new Garretson furnace.
Mr. W. H. Collistcr, of the Albion Iron Works, Victoria,
has discovered a copper prospect at Pike Lake.
Mr. R. St. C. G. Masters' new house is now all but completed, and is a handsome residence with light colored walls
and red roof, and a gabled upper storey, and is being fitted
up with al! possible modern improvements.
Mrs. Voss, late of the Osborne Hotel. Crofton, (the
domestic arrangements of which she superintended very
ably for some months) has left to be housekeeper for the
most popular hoitel in the city. The supervision of so large
an establishment as the Dominion Hotel, Victoria, will give
Mrs. Voss ample scope for her abilities.
THE WESTSIDE
THE GREAT MAIL ORDER HOUSE
SHOPPING BY MAIL!!
Out of town Customers can shop very easily by mail if they only care to
use the advantages of our Mail-order System. It you can't come in person
write for anything you want, a postcard will bring \ou samples and infor-
mation.   Experienced Clerks will execute order Uie same day as received.
MONEY BACK IF NOT SATISKIKD
MAIL ORDER ADDRESS—
THE HUTCHISON CO., Ltd.
80 Government Street VICTORIA, B. C.
R. P. RITHET & CO., Ld.
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS
GROCERIES,    WINES,    LIQUORS,   CEMENT,
CUMBERLAND COAL
VICTORIA, B. C.
Furniture, Carpets
WALL PAPER, CROCKERY,
AND
COMPLETE  HOTJSEI'URNISHINGS
For Hotel, Store or Home.
Write for Catalogue.
WEILER BROS. VICTORIA, B.C,
MEN'S CLOTHING STORE
HATS AND UNDERWEAR
ARTHUR    HOLMES'
78 Yates St., Ookneu Broad,
VICTORIA, B.C.
THORPE'S
THORPE'S
Ginger Ale
Prize   Medal
World's Fair
VICTORIA      VANCOUVER       NELgON THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
The Crofton Gazette
and COWICHAN NEWS
PUBLISHED BY
THE CROFTON PUBLISHING CO.
Managing Editor,
Henry H. Nbwiu,
RATES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS.
75 cents per inch per insertion.
Larger spaces and contracts by arrangement.
SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER ANNUM.
All communications lor the present to P.O. Duncans or Crofton
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24th, 1902.
THE EXPERIMENTAL BLOW-IN.
THE eyes of the mining world were turned on Crofton
on Saturday last. It was not the regular blow-in of the
Crofton smelter, but the test of a new type furnace which is
to revolutionize the smelting industry. The Garretson furnace hurriedly installed by the Northwestern Smelting and
Refining Company, and worked under the capable direction
of Mr. H. C. Bellinger, was put under trial. So 'far as the
experiment was carried out it worked very successfully.
Blister copper was not produced at one operation from the
raw ore. because no attempt was made to produce it; but
matte, of fair quality was produced from the wet ore brought
straight from the mine, and this achievement has never been
accomplished before on a commercial scale. The great object of the new furnace is to eliminate two processes from the
present method of smelting copper ores. The one process
referred to is that of the preliminary roasting of the ore;
the other is the subsequent expensive process of converting
the matte into blister copper. The trial on Saturday satisfactorily eliminated the first, and everything points to the fact
that a later trial will show the way to do away with the
second. In the new Garretson furnace the three operations
of roasting the ore, smelting it into matte, and converting
it into copper are combined in one; but the process is so
subtle and delicate and depends so much on the chemical
constituents of the ore, and their scientific utilization for
both ilux and fuel, that a hurried trial such as was possible
on Saturday was manifestly out of the question. The experiment will be renewed in a few days, and expert opinions
lead to the belief that lit will lead to entire success.
Meanwhile the smelter is complete in itself with or without the Garretson furnace, or rather it will be complete as
soon as the four converters which have just arrived shall
have been installed, and the work of installation is now proceeding. When this work is finished probably not many
days hence the Crofton smelter, even without the new Garretson ifurnace, will still be one of the best appointed on the
Pacific Coast. With the new Garretson furnace working
successfully the Crofton smelter will not only be the most
thorough and economical of its kind in the world, but the
pioneer of a new smelting industry, before which all previous methods of smelting must relapse into the limbo of the
"out of date." .
A PLAYGROUND FOR DUNCANS.
A correspondent draws our atention to the facts, firstly,
that Duncans has at present no available playground for tbe
children within the town limits; and. secondly, that there is
to-day a nearly square plot of vacant land lying close to the
creamery and extending about ito forty acres which might be
purchased and used 'for this purpose. Furthermore, there
is no other equally desirable site available.
The argument of our correspondent must surely be
patent to all. Duncans is a growing town. At present
young Duncanites can find their own olavground in the outskirts, but against the time when the town will have grown
to much larger proportions, it certainly would seem right
and reasonable, withal prudent and businesslike, to secure
this advantage for the little ones now when it can be done
at comparatively small cost.
We regret that in our account of the junior baseball
match last week the names of Jas. Evans, pitcher, who made
three runs, and A. B. Ford, centre field, who also made three
runs, were omitted from the Duncans team. In our report
of the erection for school trustees moreover a printer's error
gave Mr. J. T. Pearson as the name of one of the elected
trustees; it should of course have been Mr. J. T. Pearce. of
the Osborne Hotel.
We had a few complaints that subscribers have not
received the paper on one or two occasions. We hope that
in future any subscriber who does not receive a copy every
week wilr communicate at once with the manager, "Crofton
Gazette and Cowichan News," Crofton. At the same time -
we crave indulgence should a day's delay be found sometimes unovoidable owing to the difficulty of canvassing so
wide a district and reporting events as early as possible;
combined with the necessity, (for yet a few weeks longer)
of going to Victoria for printing and publication.
Victoria Terminal & Sidney Railway
FALL AND WINTER TIME CARD.
On and after September 15th, 1902. trains will run as follows:
NORTH BOUND.
M 1 •«.                           PT \TI   N< a   v.     P.M.     V M.     P.M
o   Victoria Central  Station  (leive)    7.00    12.30   4.00   2.00
17   Sidney   (arrive   8.00     1.10   5.00   2.45
SOUTH BOUND.
Mi os STATIONS. A M.     I'.M.      P.M
4   Saanichton       8.45     1.30   5.10
17   Victoria  Central Station (arrive)   9.30    2.00   61.5
Sidney and Nanaimo Transportation Company
Steamer IROQUOIS leaves daily (Sundays excepted) on
_ arrival of 12.30 train for
CROFTON, CHEMAINUS AND NANAIMO
Arriving at Crofton at 3.30 p.m., Chemainus 4.15 p.m.,
Nanaimo 6.30 p.m. Returning leaves Nanaimo every
morning (Sunday exceped) at 8 a.m., Chemainus 10.15
a.m., Crofton 11 a.m., arriving at Victoria 2 p.m.
STEAMER UNICAN—Mondays: Leaves Sidney on arrival of 7 a.m. train from Victoria for Fulford Harbor,
Beaver Point, Ganges, Mayne Island, Fernwood, Gabriola, Nanaimo. Returning from Nanaimo Tuesday at
7 a.m., calling at Gabriola, Thetis, Kuper, Chemainus,
Vesuvxius, Crofton.
WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS: — Round Trips
Through the Gulf Islands. Leave Sidney on arrival, of
7 a.m. train for Moresby, Peir, Fulford. Ganges Harbor,
Mayne, Galiano, N. & S. Pender, Saturna. Returning,
arrives Victoria at 7 p.m.. (N.B.—This is the finest
tourist trip on the Pacific Coast)
THURSDAY:—Leave Sidney on arrival of 7 a.m. train
from Victoria for Cowichan, Burgoyne, Maple Bay,
Crofton, Vesuvius, Chemainus, Kuper. Thetis, Gabriola,
and Nanaimo. Returning Friday at 7 a.m. for Sidney
and way ports.
Close connections, efficient service and reasonable rates.
For all additional information apply to the Company's
Offices, Central Station, Market Buildiner. Tel. 511.
J. ANDERSON, General Manager. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
Crofton Tflp to Date.
MORE MINING MACHINERY FOR THE SMELTER.
TWOGreat Northern Railway cars have arrived containing converting machinery from the Allis-Chalmers
Co. This consignment was long overdue. The erection of the four large converters is now being put through,
and when finished the smelter plant will be complete, independently of the Garretson furnace. An account of an
experimental "blow-in" of the latter is given in another
column.
FUEL SHIPMENTS.
Coal and coke are arriving for the smelter in large
quantities. The fuel is brought in barges and unloaded at
the smelter slip, or if in cars, at the wharf.
NEW MAIL SERVICE.
Letters from Victoria now arrive by the E. & N. Railway and the Crofton and Westholme stage. Mr. Malcolm
Elliott, the stage proprietor, carries the mail bags daily.
All mails now come by this route.
A CROFTON SUBURB.
Mr. Taylor, of Taylor, Smith & Co., has recently secured some twenty-five acres situated on the hill behind the
town. The land was bought from Mr. Master and Mr.
Dunne, and Mr. Taylor proposes to lay it out in lots for
building purposes. Taylorville (?)) will no doubt be a
popular residential suburb of Crofton in days to come. Both
site and views are admirable.
WEEKLY DANCES.
Since Mr. W. J. Deasy has returned to Crofton the very
enjoyable weekly dances have been resumed, to the delight
of all. Last week a party of Crofton dancing folk went over
to Chemainus in the now fashionable straw cart, and spent
a very pleasant evening at the hall there. On Tuesday last
this visit was returned by a party from Chemainus, including
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, of that town. Amongst local ladies
present were Mrs. Conlin, and her sister-in-law, Mrs. Mc-
Dougall, and the Misses Genevieve. Winnifred and Pearl
Devitt. Music was kindly supplied by Messrs. Deasy and
Earl Irwin, light refreshments were served, and a most enjoyable evening was spent by all concerned.
CHANGE OF POST OFFICE.
Mr. Joel Broadwell, the postmaster, has moved the
post office premises into the Croft Block. All necessary
office fittings have been put in, and the new post office is
both commodious and convenient.
LOCAL NOTES.
The "Copper Queen" yacht is lying neat and snug at her
moorings near the wharf. She has had a mew cedar deck
put on her, and her owners are ready to match her against
any other yacht of her size in the world. The "Banshee."
of Victoria, was in harbor the other day; but as soon as the
"Copper Queen" got ready to race, the "Banshee"—was
gone.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Croft, Sir Richard Musgrave and
party were down to see the blowing-in of the Garretson furnace.   They registered at the Osborne Hotel.
Mr. Dave Spencer, of Spencer's Arcade, Victoria, has
been spending several days in Crofton taking in the sights.
He stayed at the Crofton Hotel.
We are glad to note Mr. G- Mesher walkink out again
after h'fs somewhat serious accident in falling off a ladder
whilst working on Mr. Master's new house for the construction of which he holds the contract. Missing his footing he fell ten feet, putting his ankle out of joint and splintering the small bone. Dr. Foot has been in attendance.
Mr. J. T. Pearce,_ of the Osborne Hotel, has been looking
after him with kindness, of which he cannot speak too
highly. -
SPORTS AT THE FALL FAIRS.
By some people the omission of the bicycle races and
athletic sports from the show this year is much regretted.
It has, however long been felt, especially by exhibitors,
that these sports at such a time in our little show ground
were not only incongruous but inconvenient. Hence the
step taken by the committee. The original intention was to
have had athletic sports and bicycle races as a separate affair
on Dominion Day, July ist. In that case they would have
clashed with the date fixed for the coronation festivities as
originally intended; and so the idea fell through. The committee have no intention of letting the matter drop, and will
consider it seriously next spring. At the last meeting much
sympathy was expressed for Mr. J. Mearns, the present holder of the Maitland cup for the five mile bicycle race. The
cup has to be won thrice consecutively by the same competitor to give possession. Mr. Mearns stands a mot excellent chance of becoming the proud proprietor of this handsome trophy, and though it is disappointing for him to have
to postpone the event for a few months, he can none the
less rest assured that the good wishes of everyone will be
with him. for his ultimate success after the long wait.
H. de M. MELLIN,
Sec.-Treas. Cowichan Agricultural Associtation.
Hotel registeis unavoidably crowded out this issue.
Mrs. McDougall, of Victoria, is paying her sister-in-law,
Mrs. Conlin, a lengthened visit; and is much pleased with
Crofton.
NOTICE.
Applications will be received by the Secretary up till
noon, the 25th September, for position of School Teacher of
Public School at Crofton. Salary, fifty dollars. School to
open October ist.
JOEL BROADWELL, Secretary.
FOR SALE.
Black  Gelding«, three year9  old.   Ihomughly   hroken;
weight, about 1100 lbs.   Apply to Malcolm Elliott, Crofton
and Westholme stage, Crofton V. 1.
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Ry
THROUGH TICKETS FROM CROFTON
TO VICTORIA via WESTHOLME
Stage leaves Daily connecting with North and South bound
trains. Double train service Saturdays, Sundays, and Wednesdays, connecting with morning and afternoon trains.
Fare from Crofton to  Victoria: Single   $2.00
Return $3.00
S.S. "CITY OF NANAIMO"
Sails from Victoria, Tuesdays at 6.00 a.m., and on Saturdays
at 7.00 a.m., calling at Crofton on both days, handling freight
and passengers at reduced rates.
GEO. L. COURTNEY,
Traffic Manager
Crofton and Westholme
Stage
Daily connecting with all E. & N. Railway Trains
MALCOLM ELLIOTT,
Proprietor. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
Duncans ant) Cowtcban local IRews
MUNICIPAL COUNCIL MEETING.
I HE Municipal Council of North Cowichan met on the
* 20th inst at the Council Chambers, Duncans. Present:
J. N. Evans, Esq., reeve; Messrs A. A. B. Herd, C. Dobson
and E. M. Skinner, councillors, and Mr. J. Norcross. clerk.
A petition largely signed was presented asking the council to
gravel Castley's Road, in view of Hooper Bros, moving
their sawmill to that site and the heavy traffic it would entail. The petition was granted an the contract for gravelling
let to Mr. E. Castley.
Mr. R. A. Wicks interviewed the council with regard to
repairs on his road, and a small appropriation was made
for this purpose.
Bills to the amount of $1,000 were passed by the Finance
Committee and ordered paid.
The Collector reported receipts to date of $5,000.
Repairs to Maple Bay wharf were discussed at some
length. Tenders for its renewal had been called for, but the
finances of the corporation would not admit of its being
built. It was finally decided to replank the approach at once,
and renew the front part in the spring.
The health officers reported everything satisfactory in
the district with the exception of Chemainus. where a certain party refuses to clean up his premises. The health officer was instructed to summons him at once for a nuisance.
The bylaws prohibiting the keeping of hogs in the several townsites, defining the duties of Reeve and Treasurer,
and establishing a road at Chemainus River were all read a
third time.
The Reeve introduced his bylaw regulating the width of
sidewalks and the planting of shade trees.
Councillor Herd gave notice that next meeting he would
introduce an amendment to the revenue bylaw to increase
the wholesale liquor license to $75 for six months.
A further appropriation for the streets of Crofton was
discussed and finally laid over till available funds should be
ascertained, and the Reeve should visit that place and find
out where the residents considered the expenditure could be
made to most advantage.
Several new contracts were let. and a number were reported completed.
The Council adjourned to meet again on the 18th of October.
DUNCANS WATERWORKS.
Work has begun in earnest on the construction of a
thorough waterworks system for Duncans. The bill recently
1 assed by the Municipal Council gives the Duncans Waterworks Co. the amplest powers while at the same time guaranteeing the interests of the community and the district.
Mr. E. M. Skinner, not only a popular local resident, but an
eminent engineer, started work on Monday to take levels.
and to locate the necessary route. He will further make a
detailed plan of the town and locate the arrangement of
the street pipes to supply the adjacent residences. A box
flume will probably convey the water to the top of the
hill above the town; thence it will be conveyed by iron pipes.
THE FALL FAIR.
The fall fair takes place on Friday and Saturday next,
the 26th and 27th insts.. but the chief day will be Saturday.
The following special prizes have been added to the Agricultural Show Prize List since the publication of the catalogue: For the best draft brood mare, foal at foot, a strong
farm gate, value $5.00, offered by R. H. Whidden, Esq. For
the best pair of white Wyandottes. and the best pair of white
Leghorns, each $2.50, offered by Cecil Cree, Esq., and $5.00
donated to the Show Prize Fund by Clermont Livingston.
Esq.
The cattle sheds in the hall grounds are being properly
floored and partitioned off for the reception of stock. Thus
a long felt want is at last being supplied. The new arrangement is more roomy, more cleanly and more comfortable
for the animals.
On Saturday, 27th. the E. & N. Ry. Co. have announced
cheap railway  rates. $1.00 return  from  either  Victoria  or
Nanaimo. There will be a Horse and Cattle Show, and
Poultry. Pigs and Sheep, hurdle jumping. A splendid exhibit of fruit and vegetables is also promised. The Fifth
Regiment band will be in attendance.
The Judges  will be:—
For live stock, D. R. Anderson.
Esq.
For horticultural exhibits. R. N.
Esq.
Admission fifty cents.
Esq.. and A. Clemons.
Palmer and T. Wilson,
LOCAL NOTES.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Persse from Galway, Ireland, have
taken Mr. Musgrave's place for six months, at the end of
which time we hope they will decide to make a permanent
home here.   They moved in on Tuesday last.
Mr. and Mrs. Waldy from England have rented Mrs.
Rowbotham's house, Mrs. Rowbothanm having gone to live
at Mayne Island.
Mrs. William Gatt is considered the luckiest woman in
Duncans at the present moment. Last week she shot a
big fat deer with her own rifle, and her friends' dinner tables
have been groaning with venison ever since.
We are very sorry to hear that Mr. Milton Edgson has
been sick for some time past.
It is with the greatest regret that we have to* record the
recent death of Mr. Chas. Todd Indian Agent at Metlakatla.
Mr. Todd was a brother-in-laiw of our old and esteemed
resident, Mr. W. C Duncan. J.P., to whom our sympathies
are extended.
Mrs. Saunders of Victoria is staying on a visit to Mr. and
Mrs.  C PI.  Dickie.
Mr. and Mrs. Springett from England have taken Mr.
Holmes' house.
Mr. W. E. Blythe has become the fortunate possessor of
the safe (made by J. & J. Taylor) which went through the
Quamichan Hotel fire without damage. We do not think-
that Messrs. Taylor could do better than buy it up and
place it in our office as a splendid advertisement.
Duncans is indeed loyal: Coronation ties are all the
rage.
The fire bell sounded in Duncans on Saturday last, and
the whole town turned out. The conflagration started in the
bush on the hill. It was finally extinguished with a siphon of
Thorpe's soda water. This beverage seems to be universal.
A vessel charged with it was recently, we believe, found in
the mud flats at Victoria.
A fire in the wash house on Government Road threatened the town last week, but was put out by the exertions
of the Fire Company.
Mr. Bob Owen, late of the Strathcona Hotel, is now attending bar for Mr. Frank Price of the Tzouhalem.
Mr. E. H. Fletcher, post oflice inspector for the Dominion Government, has been paying Duncans a visit.
Established 1878.
W. P. JAYNES
Wholesale Importer and Dealer in  all Kinds of
Merchandise.
Depot for Giant Powder Co.      B. C. Pottery Co.
Duncans. Quamichan.
DOMINION HOTEL,
VICTORIA, B.C.
BETTER     THAN     THE     RATES     INDICATE
Board and Room $1.25 and up per day.
Room only 50 cents to $1.50 per day. THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
Mr. A. Mackinnon has acquired a "Now Success" potato digger—the first in the district. It is built somewhat
after the manner of a plough, but is more easily adjustable.
Messrs. Pitt & Peterson are the importers, through Messrs.
E. G. Prior of Victoria, from Hallocks' of York, Pa.
A deal of So tons of potatoes is being negotiated by
Messrs. Pitt & Peterson on behalf of Mr. A. Mackinnon of
Somenos—may it be followed by many more such-
At the Tzouhalem Hotel during the week the following
have been registered: Mr. E. H. Fletcher of Victoria; Mr.
and Mrs. Thos. Kiddie of Ladysmith; Mr. and Mrs. Chas.
Le Leone and Mr G. H. Barnard of Victoria; Judge Harrison; Messrs. D. R. Irvine. E. Hicks Beach, and G. Mitchell
of Victoria; Messrs. T. Burnside, Frank Darling and John
J. Whalen of Vancouver; Messrs. B. S. Heisterman, D. A.
Irvine, L. F. Blandy, E. M- Murray and H. G. Heisterman
of Victoria; The Rev. and Mrs. E. C. Cooper, and Mr. F.
McB. Young of Nanaimo; Messrs. R. B. Bowden and Geo.
H. Ramsay of Vancouver; Mr. D. McRae. Koksilah River;
Mr. Dan Savoy, Cowichan Lake; Mr. A. F. Peterson, Cos-
mopolis, Wash.; Mr. J. Patterson, Mt. Sicker; Mr. E. Musgrave, Miss Musgrave and Mr. W. L. Musgrave, Duncans;
and Messrs. A. Robertson, J. B. Rickaby, J. B. Munn. Geo.
A. Campbell, and H. W. Windle of Victoria.
The following amongst others have registered at the
Quamichan Hotel during the week: Mr. E. Tiirbayne, Toronto; Mr and Mrs. H. Persse of Galway, Ireland; Messrs.
H. Brackman and C. R. Smith of Victoria; Messrs. J. L.
Gallagher, J. B. McCoy and A. J. Blomfield of Vancouver;
Messrs. H. E. Campbell. E. Earkson, and W. E. Lamming,
Allan Grant, R. Ross, J. Nixon, S. Colvin, W. E. Baker and
W. H. Morron of Mt. Sicker; Mrs. W. H. King. Chemainus;
Messrs. J. W. King and James L. Herd, Somenos; Messrs.
Fred E. Beech, Thos. C. Jones, Jas McNeild, D. Hattie of
Mt. Sicker; rMs. R. C. Doublas, Mrs. Grimason and Mrs.
James Daley of Victoria; Mr. Abe Mayea of Cowichan Lake;
Mr. H. Van Walkenburg, Toronto; Messrs. J. Ritchie, C.
Macdonald, and E. H. Franklin of Victoria; Mrs. J. Bebeau,
Mt Sicker; Miss Creeden, Miss M Creeden and Miss E.
Creedon of Victoria; Mr. and Mrs. Bibeau, Mt. Sicker; Mr.
L. H. Nicholson, Victoria; Mr. P. Clarke Steele, Toronto;
Messrs. G. H. Bissell, A. Ferguson and F. M. Yorke of
Victoria; Miss F. Robinson, Vancouver; Messrs. H. E. Boor-
man and John McMillan, Victoria; Mrs Keonig. Mr. and
Mrs. C. LeLievre, Shawnigan Lake; Mr. A. Nightingale of
Cobble Hill and Mr. F. Tarn, Vancouver.
CUPID'S BOW.
Mr. Joe. Castley, and Miss Kathleen Dodd both of the
district, were married at the Episcopal Church, Somenos, on
Saturday, the 20th inst. The bride was attended by Miss
Nellie Robinson, the bridegroom being supported by his
brother, Mr. Jack Castley. The ceremony was performed
by the Rev. J. A. Leaky. The wedding was a very pretty
one, and afterwards the bride and bridegroom took train for
Victoria honeymoonwards.
W. E. Lamming,
General Merchant, Agent for Crofton
Gazette and Cowichan News.
TZOUHALEM   HOTEL _EzEEEEE--
DUNCANS,
Stage to Lakeside Hotel, Cowichan Lake, every  Monday,
Wednesday and Friday.
PRICE BROS, - - Proprietors
QUEEN'S MARKET
Cor. Govt. Johnson Sts., Victoria B.C.   Tel. 32.  P.O. Box 18.
LAWRENCE GOODACRE & SONS,
Wholesale   and   Retail   Butchers.    Contractors   by
appointment to His Majesty's Royal Navy, the Dominion
Government, etc.   Shipping supplied at lowest rates.
THE DOMINION HOUSE
PRIVATE BOARDING ESTABLISHMENT
Home Comforts.      Moderate Rates.
Joan Avenue,      -      -      -     CROFTON, B. C.
Proprietor,
A. B. WHITTINGHAM.
A. HOWE
BUTCHER,
Established for six years at Chemainus.
Best Meat at Most Liberal Prices.
Joan Avenue,
CROFTON, B. C.
W. DYKE
PIONEER MERCHANT.
DRY GOODS. BOOTS AND SHOES.
Confectionery a Specialty.
Agent CROFTON GAZETTE
Joan Avenue, CROFTON, B. C
FELL & COMPANY, Limited Liability
GROCERS,
WINES, AND LIQUORS.
Victoria, B. C.
HOTEL CROFTON
Mt. Sicker, V.  I.   first-class wines, liquors AND CIGARS
  Rates—$1.00 per Day and Up.
Free Baths for Guests.
TO LET
Propr., M.J. Conun
Several Stores at Crofton, B. C.     Apply to
THE LENORA MOUNT SICKER
COPPER MINING COMPANY, LIMITED
Non-Personal Liability
HOTEL OSBORNE
CROFTON, B. C.
PRIVATE DINING ROOM BATH ROOM
First-Class Accommodation
MacGregor Block
victoria, b. C,    Rates—$1.00 and up per diem.    Propr., T. J. Pearce 8
THE CROFTON GAZETTE AND COWICHAN NEWS.
i
elROFTON
!
The New Smelting Centre of the Pacific Coast
FOR LOTS
-APPLY TO— -
Real Estate Brokers
—AND-
The Lenora Mt. Sicker Copper Mining
Co., Ltd.
(Non-Personal Liability.)
VICTORIA, B.C.
TO LET.—Several Stores at Crofton, B.C.   Apply to Above.
i
PRINTING \    Forms of every description for mining
I and smelters made up in quick order.
RULING
When you are ordering get only the best
They are to be had from
bInding )Th0S- R' Cusack' Victoria'
SPECIAL  NOTICE.
By special arrangement with the B. C MINING RECORD we are
able to offer particularly advantageous terms for combined subscription
to that well known excellent periodical and the CROFTON GAZETTE for
$3.00 per annum.
Subscriptions received by the Crofton  Publishing  Co., Crofton
or the B.C. Mining Record, P. o. Box 645, Victoria.

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