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Cranbrook Herald Dec 30, 1909

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NO.  Hi
wish  their  many   friends  and  customers
A   Happy   and   Prosperous   New   Year
No Evidence Adduced in Support of "Searchlight'
"I can say what we think in a"
"very tew   words.   We ure sur-"
"prised   that   a   mau of   your"
"cloth   should    have   published"
"statements   that reilccted upon"
"Chief   Cory Dow and his fam-"
"Uy; that you should have   ae-"
"ceptcd   sceond  or    third hand"
"statements as a basis for your"
"published   remarks.       We tlo"
"not believe your statements to"
"be true and   we absolutely ex-"
"onerate Mr. Dow."
In    the   foregoing   words.   Mayor
Fink, chairman of the board ol   police commissioners, late on   Tuesday
afternoon disposed of the Searchlight
charges against Chief Cory Dow.
This decision was reached after tlie
whole afternoon had been spent in
a vigorous cross-examination of chief
Dow by Mr. A. I. Fisher, barrister.
of Fernie, who had conic down to
Cranbrouk for the express purpose.
When the enquiry re-opened at 3.30
on Tuesday afternoon, Mr. A. I
Fisher was present \o represent
Rev. K. Hughes. lie asked Hint
Chief Cory Pow be called lirsl, basing this request upon lhe premise
that the enquiry was not in tbe nature of a court proceeding and tbat
as a matter of fact Mr. IW was
not charged witb anything.
Mr. M. A. Macdonald, iu reply,
pointed out that tbe commissioners
had called tiie enquiry to ascertain ii
Ihe facts alleged liy Mr. Hughes In
the Scarcbligbt weie true or not
Thc commissioners were now only
concerned as to whether or not Dow
should remain in bis present position
of chief of police. Thnt being the
case, he nsked thai Mi. Hughes
should lirsl Ire called upon to prove
or disprove the truth u( his alleged
facts. As a mailer of liritisb Ian
play he assumed thai Mt Hughes
would make oul his case first. I lmi
ever, if lhe commissioners wished to
have Dow enter the witness box
first, be would raise uo objection
Tbey bad nothing lo conceal His
client denied in Into the charges
made-by Mr. Hughes. Hut be wished it to Ih* clearly understood that
he did nol propose lo put Dow in the
box * to enable Mr. Hughes or bis
counsel to engage in a lishing expedition lor evidence iu reference lo subjects alien lo the case in point. They
were concerned in ascertaining one
set of conditions, whether ot nol Mr.
Hughes' alleged fads, cited in      thc
summons,   were    I r nol,     Mr
Hughes should go into the box first,
buf if tbe commissioners desired Dow
to make his statement before Mr.
Iluglies, he would raise no objection
to that course.
Mr. Fisher objected to Mr. Macdonald's view of tbe situation,
claiming that Mr. Macdonald was arguing on the assumption Hint the
present enquiry was of tho nature of
a legal Investigation, whereas it was
nothing ol the kind.
Mayor Fink remarked that what
the commissioners wanted wns to get
at the facts. We feel, he said, that
it is up to Mr. Hughes to produce
some kind of evidence to substantiate his published statements.
Mr. Fisher.—"Dow has been subpoenaed, I ask that you call hlm
Mayor Flnk.-"So has Mr. Hughes,
we want to hear him first
Rev. R. Hughes intimated that he
still hail no authority to divulge tho
names ol his informants
A   discussion   then ensued between
whether or not subsequent proceedings should he held in camera, the
conclusion being reached that it
would be more in public interests
that the investigation be continued
iu public and that any names referred to by witnesses be written
down and not mentioned publicly.
Mr. Hughes then continued his testimony. From which it appeared
that he had obtained his information,
whereon thc article in the Searchlight was based, from second and
third parties. If the chiel of police
could show that the money paid bim
had been paid into court and not to
a house of ill-fame, he would be the
lirst man to acknowledge liis error.
Cross-examined by Mr. M. A. Macdonald, Mr. Hughes said be was told
thai Dow went to the home of the
boy's parents and demanded a certain sum of money before tbe boy
could be released. He was not sure
whether or not Dow actually went to
the boy's home, but he was sure that
Dow had spoken to one or other of
the parents, Asked pointedly if this
latter statement was one ot fact,
Mr Hughes replied that he hnd got
the information from lhc same person
as before. He did not know whether
the proposed payment referred to a
police   emin line ur   not Witness
was not sure as to whether any thing
was told lum as to where ihe boy
iu question was delaincd. Nothing
was -said about the police court and
he came lo tbe conclusion tbat the
boj was detained hecause he could
i.ot pay Iiis lull, iml where, he did
not know. Witness said be felt
quite justified In making the statement fifleoting Chief Dow, although
he was Ignorant of the facts. The
infoimation was second hand wben
he got il The person who gave
him bis information was a lady,
wbo bad goi it from another lady.
Mi \l. A Macdonald.—Did this
nol pul you on your guard'' Vou
••u\ your informal ion through two
women, only one of whom you spoke
Rov, Hughes—1 regret lo say tbat
it is common talk in our town that
these air not infrequent incidents.
Asked as lo wbal be meant by this
statement, Mr. Hughes replied that
be referred to boys frequenting
bouses of ill-fame. As to Ihe chief
of police collecting money on their
account from Iheir homes, he bad
no definite information, save in the
case under enquiry.
Dow, chief of police, was
then sworn In reply to Mr. M. A.
Macdonald, be gave emphatic and unqualified contradiction to the statements appearing in the Searchlight,
lit!mating tbat he wished to make
his denial as broad as language could
make it.
Mr. Fisher then took up the cross-
examination, which lasted the remainder of the afternoon, the line of
questioning followed having but
little, if any, bearing upon the case
under examination, a lact that was
repeatedly brought tn the notice ol
Macdonald, who, however, expressed
a wish that counsel for Mr. Hughes
sliould be accorded every latitude.
Mr. Fisher's cross-examination also
aroused the Ire ol the commissioners
ou more than one occasion, Commissioner Ryan, in one instance, calling
Mr. Fisber sharply to task for attempting to bulldoze thc witness.
Nothing was elicited throughout
the long cross-examination that had
any   bearing on   the case and    at
Municipal Council for 1910
J. P. Fink Will Again be a Candidate for Mayor—Strong List
of Aldermanic Candidates in the Field
• ••••••• ••••••
To   .1. P.   Fink,    Esq.,    Cran- •
brook:-* •
We, the   undersigned  citizens •
and   ratepayers   of the city ol •
Cranbrook,    fully    appreciating •
the valuable services you have •
rendered to the city during the •
two   years   you     have    been •
• mayor, are convinced that it is •
• desirable in the interests of tbe •
city that you should allow •
your   name   to   go   before the •
• electors as a   candidate for the •
• mayoralty    during    the coining •
• year. •
• Believing    tbat    the   request •
• herein   embodied   makes entire- •
• ly for the   public good and the •
progress        of       the
which      has     thriven
under       vour     able
tration,    we beg   tc
our names:
Thos. Caven, R. T
R. K. Heattie, .1, H, King, Vi.
Ilalsall, Hugh Stewart, M. A.
Beale, 1. R. Manning, C. II.
Allison, George R. I.eask, Arch.
Raworth, Vi. F. Gurd. V. Hyde
Haker. .las T Laidlaw, E. •
Paterson, C. R. Ward, M. ti. •
King, I' Iv Wilson, W R. •
firtibb, P. DeVere Hunt, .las. •
T. Burns, 1'. Lund, John Choi- •
ditch, A B. Macdonald, M. A. •
Macdonald, IL V. Parker, S. F. •
Morley, F. H. Miles, .lames •
Hyan, Vi. S. Bell. •
city, •
apace •
admiuis- •
subscribe •
Brymner •
Alter a great deal of quiet work on
the part of representative citizens a
slate for the new council has at last
been framed up, which appears to
meet with a very large measure of
public approval and it is extremely
probable that tbe entire slate will he
elected by acclamation.
.1. P. Fink, in response to a numerously signed requisition, bus consented to accept nomination once again
as mayor.
For aldermen the following have
finally consented to run, making up a
ticket that is highly -.uditable to
tbe city:
.Jos. Campbell, of Campbell A:
Manning, grocers.
Dr. F. W. Green.
Aid. DeVere Hunt.
Aid. Geo. W. 'lohnson.
D. .1. .lohnson, contractor.
Aid. V. Hyde Baker.
It will be noted tbat only three ol
last year's aldtrmen will seek reelection, Aldermen DeVere Hunt, G.
W. Johnson and Haker. Tbe new
men on the slate are all well and
favorably known and represent in one.
way and another all interests and
every elass in the community. The'
foregoing slate does not pretend to
represent any special faction or cli- •
que. It is made up of good businessmen, who have lbe respect of
the community and who, it is believed, will work together harmoniously for the best interests of the
city. They are all men of experience
and none of them is likely to allow
personal considerations to outweigh
the true interests ot the citv.
♦ ♦♦>4;.f ..f ♦ + + ♦♦♦♦
♦ .♦
4                STRUCT10N. ♦
4.   ♦
4- Winnipeg, Man., Dec. 3d.—ll ♦
+ is reported that at a recent ♦
4- conference of Canadian Pacific >
4- ollicials here thc question of the *y
4 early constructiou   of thc Koo- ♦
+ tenay Cental line was taken up ♦
■f and the expenditure was approv- ♦
■f ed and sent up to the Montreal ♦
4 authorities lor endorsement. ♦
4- Statements are now made to in- ♦
♦ dlcate that this approval will ♦
4- be forthcoming and tenders for ♦
-f a   section ol   the line   will be ♦
♦ called for in a couple of months. ♦
4    The   plans   discussed   at   the ♦
♦ conference were along the line ♦
4- of building 50 miles a year +
4- from the Crows Nest Pass line 4-
4 to the north. The junction, it ♦
•f is thought, will be at or near ♦
4 Wardner.   A    grade   of    lour- ♦
♦ tenths of 1 per cent is said to ♦
■f have been secured and plans pre- ♦
♦ pared for connecting with thc >
4- main line at Golden. ♦
4 It is understood that the Ca- ♦
■f nadian Pacific has 200,000 acres ♦
> ol good   land adjacent    to the ♦
♦ line which will he thrown open ♦
4- for settlement.    Superintendent ♦
♦ Sharp, of the Dominion govern- ♦
4 ment experimental (arm at ♦
4 Agassi?,    recently   visited     the ♦
♦ country and was so highly ♦
4- pleased   with    its   agricultural ♦
♦ possibilities tbat he made in- +
4 vestments in the district. 4-
4 ♦
School Contractors Put Out
Trustees Take Over Work of Completing New Building
counsel and   commissioners   ai     to  P n»- Mr. Fisber asked for an adjourn-
On Monday last the board of school
trustees bad tu take strong measures
Io secure the completion ol the new
public sehool building in time for the
rc-opening of the school term on
Monday next.
For some weeks past the trustees
have been endeavoring to spur the
contractor's on to greater speed in
the work ot completing the building,
but without success. The contract
should have been   completed    on the
15th of September last and ever
since that date the trustees have
kept everlastingly alter the contractors urging them to rush work.
On Monday morning last, realizing
that unless some heroic action were
taken the school building would not
be ready lor occupation on the .'ird
January, thc date for the reassembling of school after the Christmas
holidays, the trustees met and decided to take over the work still
unfinished themselves, put on meu
and rush things through*     The     ex-
Comments of Alberta Press upon Completion of
Kootenay Telephone Lines' Big Undertaking
pense to be borne by the contractors. Consequently Contractor G.
IL Leask and a force ol men were
put to work. At the outscl lbe contractors raised objections, but lbe
appearance on the scene of Chiel
Cory Dow quickly settled all disputes and the men employed by the
j trustees have since been working
night < and day and there is good
prospect of tbe building being sufficiently lar advanced to permit of
classes assembling therein on Mon
day morning next.
ment Ior a few minutes to discuss
the case with his client and to
decide whether or not they would
call any more witnesses. The adjournment was granted.
Upon the resumption of proceedings, Mr. Hughes intimated that
they had no intention of calling further evidence. He had been actuated by thc best of motives in making
the statements complained ol in the
"Searchlight," and he was glad
investigation had been held. II thc
commissioners were not satisfied
Uiat his statements were based upon
laets, he would like them to say so
and he would reproduce their findings
in the next issue of his paper. He
very   much    regroltcd   it any man'tt
character had suffered hy any statement of his. He greatly regretted
that anything should be said to reflect upon any person's character.
However, he was still of the opinion
that the commission sliould have allowed his counsel lurther latitude in
his cross-examination.
Immediately Mr. Hughes resumed
bis scat, Chairman Fink rose and
made the statement appearing at the
beginning ol this report-
Proceedings then adjourned.
If you need anything iu smokers'
supplies call at Campbell and Manning's. Vou wlll find bargains
The Boys Brigade will meet on
Monday evening, January 10th, in
drill order. The roll will be called
and applications for membership will
be received. All boys are requested
to bring uniforms without fail. Tbe
gym will be open again on Monday
evening, January 'tul It is hoped
that basket hall games will soon be
in full swing now that the busy
Christmas season is over. Special
half season rates can now he obtained, gnod till March .'(Isl.
We have a lull supply of smokers
requisites. The best Id town. Call
and Inspect.—E. II. Brown.
When Femie gave a franchise lo
the Kootenay Telephone Lines, Ltd.,
she did one of the best strokes of
business that the city has sanctioned
(luring its life as a municipality,
says the Femie Free Press. At the
time when the K. T. I,, people asked
for the privileges of the city, they
promised us certain rates, a superior
service and long distance connection
with the prairie as soon as this could
be ellected. Wc have had the rates
since the local ollice opened. The
service has lelt no room for complaint. On Thursday last the
crowning achievement ol tbe K. T.
L. Lines was made when the trunk
line Irom Cranbrook to Crows Nest
was connected with Alberta government system and messages were
Hashed through the wheat belt.
The lirst "hello" was carried over
the line at -1.30 on Thursday afternoon, when Coleman was reached.
Before night Cranbrook was talking
Macleod and on Friday morning
Calgary was heard from. Any number on the Alberta government's system may now be obtained from Fernie with the assurance that conversation will be easy and distinct. The
line is working perfectly.
The tarifi schedule bas not yet
been printed for distribution but the
rates will be very reasonable and the
people of Fernie have reason to congratulate themselves on the foresight
that enabled them to participate in
the convenience and accommodation
of Alberta long distance connections.
The Lethbridge Herald publishes
the following special from Frank,
What was one ol the most important telephone conversations ever held
over a long distance line in Western
('anada, and one which may be regarded as historical, was held yesterday over the Alherta government
long distance line througb the Pass
in connection with the line of thc
Kootenay Telephone Lines, Ltd. The
speakers were Mayor Fink, of Cranbrook, and Mayor Jamieson, of Calgary, and the conversation marked
lhc opening of telephonic communication throughout the Crows Nest
Pass, made possible by the joining
of tbe Alberta government line with
lhat recently built from the west
througb the British Columbia
tion of the Crows Nest Pass by
Kootenay Telephone Lines, Ltd.
All fall thc work of building
Alberta government line to thc provincial boundary at Crows Nest and
of the British Columbia line Irom
the west has been in progress. The
wires were united Saturday last and
the formal opening took place yesterday morning at 10.30 o'clock, Congratulatory messages were exchanged
between Mayors Fink aud Jamieson,
ami the service was particularly
good, the speakers being able to hear
one another as distinctly as it
speaking ju the same room-
Superintendent of service H. M,
Morris, of lbe government telephone
department, was nt the Blairmore
headquarters of the government exchange in the Pass lor thc occasion
and was at the switchboard during
the opening ceremonies.
Thc inauguration    of tbe new   wi -
vice was one of Uie most important
if not actually the most important
that has yet taken place in connection with the operation of the Alberta government's telephone system
as it for thc first time brings Alberta
and British Columbia into direct
communication with one another.
One may now speak from almost any
part of Alberta wiib another person
in almost any part of British Columbia, or will be able to as soon as
some further extensions of lhe Kootenav system now under way are
completed. It is possible to converse over the telephone from Lloyd-
minster to Cranbcook, a distance of
700 miles or more and early in the
spring it will be possible to talk
with Spokane and all points in
Northern Idaho. Washington and the
boundarj country, so wide are the
ramifications of the various lines
hat will ite connected up by that
The Kootenay company will in tbe
spring build from Cranbrook to
Kingsgate, where connections will be
made with the lines of the Rocky
Mountain Bell company by means of
which the connection witli the points
mentioned will be afforded.
The Alberta government system is
iw engaged in putting in a special
metallic circuit over ils main trunk
lines to be used exclusively for the
new connection, thus assuring the
hest possible service to be had over
long distance telephone.
The new service may be expected
to be an important factor fn developing trade relations between the
Crows Nest Pass towns in Alberta
and British Columbia for the reason
that whereas it has hitherto been almost impossible to get quick communication between any town in one
province with any town in the other, owing to poor telegraphic service, business of an urgent nature
can now be transacted with the utmost expedition
The Kootenay Telephone Lines,
Ltd., in order to bring about the
uniting of the two provinces by telephone, has performed a big work
during the past year its line bas
been built at an expense of upwards
of $40,000 Its line is the standard
long distance copper wire construction and the service is fully equal
to that of the Alberta government
system Tbe company now has SOO
miles of line, has 75 toll stations
and operates two exchanges, at
Cranbrook and Fernie. It has as
well connection with several small
exchanges and has lines affording
telephone communication with all ol
thc lumbering and mining camps in
East Kootenay.
Tbe new service will prove of immense benefit to the farming con>
inanities bordering the mountains as
a very large part of their market lor
hay and grain is found in thc mining
and lumbering camps with which
they have been given telephone connection.
Edmonton Journal: What was one
of the most important telephone
conversations ever held over a long
distance line iu Western Canada and
one which may be regarded as historical, was held today over the
Alherta government long distance
line through the Crows Nest Pass in
conjunction with the line of the
Kootenay Tolophono Lines, Ltd. The
speakers were Mayor Jamieson, of
Calgary, and Mayor Fink, ol Cranbrook. The latter called up the
(Continued on page nine.) THE   CRAXBitOOK   HERALD
East Kootenay Bottling Co.   f
Manufacturers of all kinds oi
Carbonated Beverages.
There are others, but!! ♦
78 P. 0, HOX SOI       X
why not  lmve il.
Every day in the week except Sundays X
E. H. SMALL, Prop.   X
ffff ffffffff ff f ffff f f T ▼•!???▼▼▼▼ vvv-fw-r?-FT?<fT»
If you stop here once
you will look for
the 'bus when you
visit Calgary again.
H. L. STEPHENS,       j
Proprietor   ♦
1 Canadian Hotel
m m
|Joseph Brault,  Proprietor!
& t*
One of the pioneer hotels of Cranbrook. Warm rooms, good meals
and a bar stocked with the best
New Matltiueinellt
Improved in Every Way     <•>
Hfliil.il *
Cranbrouk,   B. C.
Our Motto i " Tlm Best is None Too Good.'
********************** **********************
*wjf t\WaWWWW^■^'^■^■■^■^■■^■^f ■'i'*'if W■^l'H''^f *P|W^W^^B^W^^f^^^^ *g*
Manitoba Hotel
Headquarters for
The Manitoba ia cent inl ly located ami Imn ono of the beat dining-rooms
in the city.   The bar ia auppjieil with the hest ol Liquor a nml ClgnrB
'•For people who are just out ot
' nomadic habits and subsisting by
[hunting anil fishing, the Indians ol
| Briiish Columbia, have made won-
' derful progress in tlte past tew
! years," said Rev. Dr. McDouruII,
i who has returned to Calgary trom a
three weeks' visit of Inspection of the
! Indian reserves in the Kootenay district.
There are six Iar*;e reserves in lhat
part of the provinee located at Tobacco Plains, St. Mary's, Crcston,
Arrow Lakes, and two, the Koolusai
and Hhenwap, near Windermere.
Ur. McDougall reported that tbe
Indians are making good progress in
agriculture and slock raising. They
ate nol treaty Indiana and they have
to support themselves, which is an
easy matter in British Columbia,
where game and lish are so plentiful
in lbe lakes and rivers. They are
located ou some very good land and
are rapidly adopting tho habits and
manner of living of Iheir white
Br. McDougall afso, as Doukhobor
commissioner, spent a day at the
settlement at Waterloo, and was
greatly struck with the progress
they have made in clearing the land,
planting fruit trees and in building
homes, since the lirst colony was
started there in May, 11)08.
They have now 3800 acres of land
at Brilliant or Waterloo; 3300 acres
at Pass Creek; lino acres at Slocan
Junction and 3700 acres at Grand
Forks, and have done a lot of development work at each place. They
have planted 10,000 fruit trees and
have 17,000 seedlings ready for
transplanting next spring; 8000 fruit
frees planted and 13,000 seedlings at
Grand Forks, besides which they
have 10,000 fruit trees ordered from
the I'nited States to arrive next
spring. They are all experienced
farmers and horticulturists and are
very highly spoken of hy the people
of lhat part of British Columbia, as
being a peaceful, industrious class of
settlers. There are 700 of them located at Brilliant and 170 at Grand
Everything is done as a community
and iu addition to clearing a large
tract of land and building homes
they sent out labor enough last summer to the saw mills and lumher
mills to bring in $30,000 in cash for
wages. They also operate two
small saw mills of their own for
cutting lumber for their houses,
which are very comfortably built.
At Grand Forks, said Dr. McDougall, a man had a 7; acre orchard of
prunes, which be hired Doukhobor
women and children to pick. They
did the work in five days and were
paid $337 for it. At the same time
tbe Doukhobor men were earning
$3.50 per day each, packing nnd box
ing the fruit, at which work they are
very skilful. From his orchard thc
owner had six car loads, ot 900
boxes to a car, which netted him
cents per box. They are making
good progress in learning to speak
English, but as yet no schools have
been established among them. The
children are bright and very apt at
picking up English words.
Dr. McDougall is very hopeful of
the success of thc colony and is confident that they will make a very
good class of settlers. During his
visit he met a number of men who
bad been exiled to Siberia for refusal
to engage in military service and
these especially were overjoyed at
Ihe liberty they enjoy in their new
homes. Some 'of their customs appear strange to the people here, but
these will to a large extent disappear
with contact with English-speaking
Dr. McDougall leaves next week
for Ottawa to prepare a report for
the department of the interior of his
work for the past five months as
Doukhobor commissioner and inspector of Indian reserves.
Good progress is being mado with
the preparations for Captain Scott's
Antartic expedition—officially designated "British Antartic Expedition
ol l!)l0"—and one member of the
staff has already left for Sibcriu lo
obtain the necessary dogs and ponies.
Captain Scott has himself been relieved of his apartment at the admiralty in order that he may devote
the whole of his time to the work of
his expedition.
Work has already heen commenced
on thc ship Terra Nova, and thc removal of oil tanks with other minor
work is in progress. The selection
of all the members of the scinetific
staff has not yet been definitely
made, hut it is gradually getting into shape.
Dr. Wilson, chief of the scientific
staff, will also be zoologist and artist, hut it is expected that three
zoologists will be taken with the expedition. Two and possibly three
biologists will be included in Captain
Scott's personnel, nnd steps are being taken to Induce a man having   a
special knowledge of marine biology
to join the expedition.
Tlio services of C. R. Meares, well
known traveler, wbu lately completed
a most interesting journey on thu
CbInn-Thibetan border, have been secured for the expedition, nnd he has
left England for Siberia to get suitable ponies and dogs. Mr. Meares
will collect his animals at Vladivostok, whence they will be sent to
Kobe and transshipped to Australia
and New Zealand. lie will join the
Terra Nova iu New Zealand. Tbe
landing parties probably will consist of thirty men in all—twenty-live
ot whom will be at the first station
and five at the second station. The
position of these stations will he alternately east or west of tbe harrier, according as circumstances may
An improved motor sledge of a type
tried successfully last year in Norway is being constructed, and Captain Scott is going to Norway early
in the new year to superintend the
Get our printed catalogue of new
hooks at the Crunbrook Drug and
Book Co.
Vou must tell thc people what you
have to sell, why they should purchase from you, and something of the
value you oiler them in return for
their money. Too many have got
into thc habit of thinking that because lliey have heen a long time in
business everyone must of necessity
known all about them and their
wares, and it is only a waste of
lime and of money to go on repeating the story, Too many have got
into this rut, gone to sleep on their
jobs, and they wake some fine morning to lind that even that which they
did     hnve they   have failed to hold.
me oilier fellow has set up next
door and started right in to tell the
people that he is the whole thing to
the trade, and kept on telling it to
tbem till they came to believe him,
and Ibis belief soon resulted In turn-
ng what at first was only a boast
Into an accomplished fact. The old-
fashioned house has gone to pieces
while the owner slept, and the
young, wide-awake rival has built upon thc ruin. This process is going
on around us every day. In every
city or town in the older parts of
Canada you can find old firms disappearing and new ones taking their
plaee. If you will investigate you
find in nearly every case that
the cause of the decline of thc former is the mistaken notion of the
owners thnt old ngc Is respected in
the business world, and that   It     is
lo sing    its   own praises    into   tue
public ear.
(By R. W. Hudson, Live Stock Commissioner.)
The demand for knowledge pertaining to the poultry industry in British Columbia is rapidly increasing.
The aim of this bulletin is to give,
to some extent at least, that desired
information. It is prepared with the
object of encouraging the poultry industry throughout the province. Thc
average farm of this province is
not large, and iu many cases only a
part of the land is cleared, and perhaps a poii ion of ibis cleared area is
plauted in orchard. While the orchard is growing and the farmer is
clearing more laud he should have
some .source nf income. Under such
conditions poultry-raising proves
very profitable. No hranch can be
carried on with as inexpensive an
outlay as can the poultry department. Any farm is improved by a
poultry department, and few businesses can be operated in as wide a
range of climate and in as varied
The system of mixed farming as
carried on in Cauada is ideal tor the
rearing of poultry. In this province
thc returns from the flock should add
materially to the income of the
fruit grower or thc dairyman, or
even the man who is merely in the
process of clearing his land. The
orchard makes an admirable yard for
poultry, especially growing stock,
and there is hardly a better place
for chickens than the dairyman's paddock or cattle yard.
The hen today may he considered
the most profitable condenser of the
raw materials on the land into a
high-priced product—the egg. In the
orchard many insect pests will bo
destroyed, and by-products of the
orchard, which would otherwise go to
waste, will be converted into profit,
Poultry will also economise a great
deal of waste in the dairyman's
yard. This policy of economising,
together with the income from the
eggs produced, should prove highly
profitable. ^^^^^_^_
Tlie climate of British Columbia is
almost ideal for poultry raising. It
is mild, with no sudden changes of
temperature, which tend to cause
roup and colds amongst the flock.
The days are dry, bright and sunny
during a great part of the year. In
winter, us a rule, the temperature is
not low, rarely falling to 10 degrees
below zero at upper country points,
and 10'above, or 20 degrees frost on
lbe coast. B^^^^^i^Z
Market conditions in this province
are good, and poultry produce finds a
more ready s,ale on our home markets than elsewhere in Canada. There
is, however, great room for improvement in methods of marketing poultry and eggs. There is always a
scarcity of properly-fleshed chickens
and of fresh eggs on thc market, and
this, together with the price of eggs
aud the imports of poultry produce
into thc province bears out the
statement that our market is good.
In this connection I wish to present
some figures bearing on market conditions:
In 1904-5 the average market price
paid per dozen for eggs was 30 cents.
In 1905-(i the average price was
In 1900-7 tho   average price
In 1907-8 the average   price
The reason for this increase
price is accounted for in that
have been marketed in a fresher,
cleaner condition, that they have
been better packed, and also that
fewer case eggs have been imported
into the province. The province uses
not only all her available su,i!>!y of
poultry and poultry produce, hut
during 1907 imported $750,000 worth
of eggs and $1,500,000 worth of
poultry and of poultry produce from
the eastern provinces. Also there
was Imported about $75,000 worth of
poultry produce from the United
States. Instead ot sending out nf
thc province over $2,000,000 every
year, wc should he exporting the
produce and importing the cash.
(To be continued.)
♦ ■■
ness interests; not for sentimental,
but for purely commercial reasons.
The most practical manner of securing help iu this ellort is the
stimulation among the people ol a
sentiment supporting the game laws
and supporting thu wardens iu thc exercise of their duty. Tbe game warden is doing a notable public service, and should be encouraged in the
performance of that duty and upheld and honored in its discharge.
This season, in order to directs its
work with added intelligence, thc
biological survey is making an effort
to secure statistics as to tbe number of game birds and animals killed.
It is impossible to do this except, by
the co-operation of sportsmen.
Therefore, I urge all who go afield to
observe the game laws, support the
wardens, keep their killing within
sportsmanly limits, and to send the
figures as to the game killed to the
game wardens of their respective
states. This is for tbe purpose of
gathering statistics as to numbers,
so as to have definite figures for
game preservation activity. Such a
basis can be had only through n
careful record of the hunters1 kill
each season. At present the figures
are wholly guesswork. Evory man
who takes out a license should he
required to return at the end of the
season figures of his shooting on
penalty of forfeiting his right to a
license the following year. Such a
system is being very successfully
operated in Manitoba.—Casper Whitney in Collier's Weekly.
As the public grows to understand
the business need nf protecting our
wild birds and animals and preserving our forests, endorsement of the
hunting-license system spreads. Hero
and there still remains some opposition, but it is so inconsequential as
to Ite senrcely worth recording. Tho
people know by now that unless birds
are protected they will be shot out,
and thc logic of having the men who
do the shooting pay a tax for the
privilege is unanswerable.
Though violently opposed at first
the commou fairness of the license
system has won support everywhere
if for no other reason than because
it is one of the most satisfactory
methods yet devised of securing funds
for game protection. This is not a
question for sportsmen only—this
saving of birds—but one of pertinence
to all the people over all America.
Thc value of birds to the agricultural interests has heen so often exploited on this page, It seems needless to go over it again. So much
Is being printed on the subject in the
magazines and thc daily papers that
it must he indeed an unintelligent
person who today docs not realize-
that bird protection is a question for
undignified for a long-established firm »H the    people, whatever their busl-|
The time for receiving tenders for
thc freighting of supplies for the
Yukon Telegraph Line in the course
of the seasons of 1910, 1011 and
1912, is hereby extended to Tuesday,
February 15, 1910. Tenders arc to
be sealed, endorsed "Tender for
Packing Supplies," and addressed to
the undersigned.
Forms of tender and specification
may be obtained and form of contract
seen on application to Mr. .1. T.
Phelan, Superintendent ot Government Telegraphs, Victoria, B. C,
and from the Government Telegraph
Agents at Aslicroft, B.C., Quesnelle,
B.C-. Hazelton, B. C, and Telegraph Creek, B.C.
Persons tendering are notified that
tenders will not be considered unless
made on the printed forms supplied,
and signed with their actual signatures, with their occupations and
places of residences. In the case of
firms, the actual signature, the nature of the occupation and place of
residence of each member of the firm
must be given.
Each tender must be accompanied
by an accepted cheque on a chartered
bank, payable to tlte order of the
Honorable the Minister of public
Works, equal to ten per cent (10
p.c.) of the amount ot the tender for
one year's packing, which will be forfeited if the person tendering decline
to enter into a contract when called
upon to do so, or fail to complete
the work contracted for. If the tender he not accepted the cheque will
be returned.
The Department does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any tender.
By order,
Napoleon Tessier,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, December 16, 1909.
NOTE.—Provision is being made by
the Government to the extent of
$3,500.00, for general repairs, renewals of bridges, etc., along the trail
between Hazelton and Ninth Cabin,
next season. 40-2t
Work has just been completed on
the most colossal piece of spiral tunnelling work that has ever been attempted In Canada in thc finishing of
the two famous spiral tunnels on thc
main line of thc Canadian Pacific
railway between Field and Hector,
which will add several miles to thc
length ot the track, together with
over a mile of tunnelling and a
couple of bridges, but will so cut the
Big Hill" grade as to more thnn
double the tractive power of tho
locomotives. While the work meant
the excavation of nearly three-quarters of a million of cubic yards of
virgin rock, the employment of a
thousand men for nearly two years,
the boring of about a mile and a
half ot tunnels through mountains
ten thousand feet high, and the building of two bridges over the Kicking
Horse river, It is estimated that It
will prove a splendid investment for
the Canadian Pacific railway, as it
will reduce this grade from 4.5 to a
maximum of 2.2. This will mean
that the biggest obstacle to the running of trains over tho Rocky
Mountains has been removed, and
that in future on this section of the
line two engines will be able to do
much more work than four engines
havo hitherto been able to do at
much less expense to thc company
and with an almost complete elimination of the ever present risk of life
operating trains on a steep grade.
lames A. Macdonell, head of the
Ann ot Macdonell,    Gzowskf & Co.,
who had the contract for constructing this big work, stated tbat the
whole work bad been completed, so
far as the contraclors were concerned, some weeks ago, anil that the
miles of tunnels and cutting bad been
turned over  to the company.
"This improvement," said Mr. Macdonell, "bas meant eight and one-
half miles of work, of which one and
a half miles were tunnelled under
mountains of len thousand feet or
more. While it increases the
length of the line by four and a
quarter miles, at a cost ot about $1,-
500,000, it will mean the reduction of
lhe grade from 1.5 lo 2.2 at the
worst point, while the general grade
will be less than 3 per cent.
"The result of Ibis will be that
where on the old track witb its big
grade it took four engines lo handle
a train, now only Iwo engines will
he needed. And where the four engines used to be able to make only
four nr live miles an hour, Ibe two
engines on lhe new line will be able
to make twenty-five. lu Ibis way
the cosl ot operating a train over
this difficult piece nf line will be nil
lo about one-lbird of present cost,
with nn Improvement in the lime of
running, while the element nf danger, inseparable from high grades,
has been practically eliminated, II
is these factors which have induced
the Canadian Pacific railway to go
to such tremendous expense to
out the famous 'Big Hill' grade."
Any available Dominion Lands
within the Railway Belt in British
Columhia, may he homesteaded by
any person who is the sole head ot a
family, or any male over 18 vears of
age, to the extent of one-qtmrter section of 160 acres, more or less.
Entry must he made personally at
the local land ofliee for the district
In which the land is situate. Entry
by proxy may, however, be made on
certain conditions by the father,
mother, son, daughter, brother or
sister of an intending homesteader.
The homesteader is required to perform the conditions connected therewith under one of the following plans:
(1) At least six months' residence
upon and cultivation ot the land in
each year for three years.
(2). If thc father (or mother,
if the father is deceased), ot the
homesteader resides upon a farm
the vicinity of the land entered for,
the requirements as to residence may
be satisfied hy such person residing
with the father or mother.
(3). It the settler has his permanent residence upon farming land
owned hy him in the vicinity ot bis
homestead, the requirements as to
residence may be satislied by residence upon the said land.
Six months' notice in writing
should be given to the Commissioner
ol Dominion Lands at Ottawa ot intention to npply for patent.
COAL—Coal mining rights may be
leased for a period of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 per
acre. Not more than 2,570 acres
shall be leased to one individual or
company. A royalty at the rate ot
five cents per ton shall be collected
on tbe merchantable conl mined.
Deputy of the Minister ot the Interior. 2!»-2fit
Life and Fire Insurance - Real Estate
Ollice—Up ataire over Burns' Dry
GooiIh Store
Come in and let mo quote you rntefl
W. R. Bestir, Funeral Director
Cranbrook B. C. Phone No. 89
Lar^e and commodious Warehouse, with lur*,'!- cellar, also
stable for four horses,
Oonvinenlly situated.
Beale & Elwell
Cranbrouk, B. C.
Repairing a Specially
Aikens Block, Cranbrook
Barrister, Solicitor. Etc
Money to loan on favorable terms.
Francis E. Corrison
llllllillllnster Ornnln kril.v lluml.
rii.»ii imiH'fi* K Presbyterian Cli.
I.m,. IUI. Ills Majesty's Roynl Welsh
Teacher of
Violin. Banjo, Guitar, Mandolin and Standard
Lessoris in Mu8it*al Theory
ORANBROOK, -        B. C.
Miss Mabel Wellman
Pianist and Teacher
Cortlflcaled pupil ol
QnbrelllQ Mollet ol Wimiippg
Miss Helena Harrison
r,.i*till,.,l Studrnt
roronto Conservatory o! Music
111)340                        P.O. Boil 117
Miss Gertrude Jones
Special nttention given to lir-ginneni
Box 4
Physicians and Surgeons.
Office at Resldeict*, Armstrong Aft,
Forenoons - - - - 9.(10 to 10.00
Atternoona - - - 2.00 to   L00
Evenings - - - - 7.30 to   0.30
ounilays - - - - 2.30 to   4.30
CRANBROOK :i    :i    ll    ii    i. O,
8 to 12 a.m,
1 to   0 p.m.
7 to   3 p.m.
Office In new Reid Block
CRANBROOK        -      -       - B. C,
Cranbrook and Fort Steele
?ei°NW8 Cranbrook, B.C.
B.   C.  and   Surveyor
CRANBROOK    •     B. C.
Opposite C.P.H. Station
THE    PLACE    TO     OCT    A
I''. 0. Bwannoll, I). I.. H„ 11 C. I.. 8,
A. I. lioberlsotl, II. (!. 1.. 8.
Dominion and llrilisli Columbia
I'.O. Drawer710 VICTORIA. 1.0
lf you   want   satislaction   witb
your washing: send
it to
Special prices Ior lamily work.
Graduate ol Ontario Veterinary
CoIU-ko, Toronto, In 1808.
Iirailnate and Medallist of
McKillip's Veterinary College,
Chicago. In 11100.
Nine    years'    experience   In
Veterinary practice In Manitoba.
Olllct at Craabrtak Halil. THE   ORAXBROOK   UK-HALO
, I' >
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I,, I
Coming = New Year's Night, January 1st, 1910
A Magnificent Scenic Production
The Best and Funniest Musical Comedy produced in years
Positively the largest and finest Musical Company on tour.   Carrying 20 People
Clever Comedians     -     -      Pretty Girls      -     -      Latest Music
Special Scenery and Electrical Effects
Monday Night,    =    =    January 3rd, 1910
Latest Eastern Success
Secure Seats Early at Beattie & Atchison's
f fffffffffffffffflffffffff W^wfWWWWW
• -,,
News of the District
(From our own correspondent.)
Miss Clara Thorpe is spending her
holidays   with Mr. and   Mrs. Martin
Harry Wise lias lelt tor the coast
alter spending a month's vacation
with his relatives ju Klko.
Martin Thorpo relumed (nun
Shuswap to .spend Christmas with
his family here.
L. H. (lihhs, front Bellovue, was
in town shaking hands with his many
Iriends during the holidays.
and    wile
Mr. and Mrs
Albert Todhuntcr came como sick
Irom Morrissey, but his Iriends are
glad to hear he is improving. '
Stanley Gihson and Win. Todhuntcr spent Christmas with their parents in Klko.
Mr. Jim MeKee's many friends
will bo pleased to hear he is improving nicely.
Percy Douglas and Krnest McKCO
spent Christinas with their parents.
Miss May Hoo spent her holidays
at Hoosville with her parents.
(lien Campbell has returned from a
business trip to Nelson.
Kdward Prettie and his crew were
down to the dance Christmas eve.
Thc dance given Christmns eve in
the opera house was well attended
and everyone there had a very pleasant time.
Copenhagen, Dec.   22.—The University ol Copenhagen finds that      Dr.
fnok's papers tail to prove his claim
that he reached tho north pole.
A sprained ankle will usually disable the injured person for three or
four weeks. This Is due to lack of
proper treatment. When Chamber-
Iain's Mnlment is applied a cure may
be effected in three or four days. This
liniment is one of the best and most
remarkable preparation! in uie. Sold
by all drugffiata and dealers.
(From thc Moyie Leader.)
Monday morning found the Lower
Moyie lake almost entirely frozen
over, and hy evening skaters were going hack and forth and all over the
broad expanse of ice. Last year
the lake did not freeze over until the
38th of IVeciuher
.lohn Wlren, a C. P. R. bridge
watchman, committed suicide at
Kitchener a low nights ago by shooting himself with a ride Uc was
commonly known as "Hig .lohn,"
nnd had winked around Kitchener for
.some t hue Ho had heen drinking
Thc lire hell which was donated to
tho lown hy ('has. Slagg is now
hung in lhc lower nt the fire hall.
The boll weighs IS"i pounds. The
tone is dear and can he heard distinctly in all pails of the town.
Graham Cruikshank will spend the
next three months in New Zealand.
Wednesday ho left- for the antipodes
by wny of Vancouver, from which
port ho will sail next week. Mr.
Cmckshatik has heen foreman of the
si. Eugene  concentrator lor almost
a year. While he is away Hen Kvans
will he foreman of the mill and A.
(1. Moiikliottse will take Mr, Kvans'
place as shift hoss.
The first game of thc Crows Nest
Hockey league will he played at Kernie on New Year's day, when Moyie
will play Fernie. The Moyie boys
will then go to Coleman and play on
thc 3rd, and then to Lethbridge and
play on the 4th. The Moyie team
will he made up of thc following:
Orady, Kclley, Dixon, Keating, MacKay, .Sheridan and Donohue.
Rev. G. A. Hackney, B.A., of Pcm.
broke, Ont., arrived in Moyie the
first of the week with his wife. Mr.
Hackney is tho new pastor of the
Presbyterian church, and will have
charge of the services Sunday. Mr.
and Mrs. Hackney have taken up
their residence in thc Bergland cottage on north Victoria street. Rev.
Mr. White has been transferred to
Coal Creek, near Fernie.
The people of the Catholic church
presented Father Heck with an address and purse In the vestry on Saturday evening.      Father Heck     re
plied in an interesting talk on his
pastorate in Moyie, and thanked the
people, for their kindly consideration
and hearty co-operation in the affairs of the church during his charge.
Father Heck will he permanently
stationed at the Mission, hul may
for a time visit Moyie. Ilis successor, who has not yet been appointed,
will have charge of Movie and Crcston.
(From our own correspondent.)
Mr. Downey, photographer, of Wyeliffe. spent the holidays with friends
iu town.
Mrs. Wisner and Miss llavill, of
Galloway, called on friends in town
on Christmas eve.
Mr. Jesse, who has been operator
here for the past few months, left
a few days ago for Sirdar.
Miss Edythe Lund and Roger
Lund, of Calgary, spent the holidays
with their parents in town.
Mr. William Harclay, of Claresholm, is in town this week assisting
the lumber company in preparing
their statements tor the closing of
the year.
Mr. P. Lund spent a couple of days
last week in Fort Steele.
Miss Minnie Service, of Cranhrook,
spent Christmas with Mr. and Mrs.
R. II. Green.
Miss Moran, of Cranbrook, spent
the holidays with friends in town.
Miss Verio Martin and Miss Hazel
Lund, of St. Joseph's school, Nelson, arc holidaying at their homes
Mr. T. GaUney was in Cranbrook
Monday on business.
Mr. Edward Prettie, foreman of
the C.P.H. bridge gang, was in
Cranbrook this week on business.
Miss M. S. Morrison left for Fernie on Tuesday afternoon, where she
will spend the remainder ot the week
visiting friends. Miss Morrison will
take charge of one of the rooms of
tho Fernie public school heginning
with the rc-opening of school In January.
A number of tho C.P.R, bridge
boys spent Christmas with Elko
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Rogers, of
Hull Kiver, were in town lasl Friday
doing their Christmas shopping.
Thc severe weather of late has
caused the ice bridge over lhe Kootenay river to form very much earlier than usual. It is in fine shape
now and has aided greatly in the
Christmas trade.
Master Frank Shoppard is spending
a few days this week with Waldo
Christmas would ut least appear to
be a good time to discuss church going. The majority consider that
Wardner is not a church-going town.
In this we agree, but when they
come to assign the reasons for this,
it is singular that not one has thc
frankness to endorse the opinion
held and expressed hy nine-tenths of
the people, which is that laxity in
church—going is mainly due to weakness in the pastorate. Some lay
thc blame to one thing, some to
another, but the real reason is that
the men who enter ihe ministry arc
as a rule less intelligent than the
average memliers of their congregations, and unfortunately are not
aware of the fact. The truth is,
that the Christian ministry in Canada docs not attract the hest intellects of the community, and men will
not go Sunday after Sunday lo listen to the twaddle that is dished up
to them under the heading of "Sermon." The remedy is, to pay stipends large enough to attract the
best men, and to insist on personal
fitness as well as educational attainments. When this standard has heen
attained there will he no difficulty
in filling the churches.
Thc sleighing is excellent, and a
number of the people of the (own unable to enjoy its pleasures, ns some
of the residents have provided themselves with conveyances of their
Mr. E. Godwin was in Cranbrook
this week on business.
Mr. Dave Breckenridge is in Fort
Steele this week on business.
Mr. II. C. 0. Adney was in Cranbrook this week on oflicial business.
Henry and Hilber Bohart, of
Waldo, spent the Christmas holidays
In town.
Mr. Wm. Green and his stall ot assistants at the company's boarding
house served dinner on Christmas
evening to ahout one hundred and
lifty of the people of Wanlncr nnd
their friends. It would lake too
long and we would be taking up too
much space If we made any attempt
at going into details regarding   this
repast, so will not do so, as all
who have ever had the pleasure of
eating at Mr. Green's table will
readily understand what is meant by
this statement. The tables were
fiHed to overflowing with everything
that any one could wish for. The
lumher company, under the management of Mr. P. Lund, deserve the
heartiest praise and gratitude fnr
the liberal way in which they provide for this festive occasion, and
the hearty invitation which they extended to all the people of the town.
Miss Hazel Bohart spent last Wednesday in Cranbrook.
Mr. Hert Brown spent Christmas
with his wife at the St. Eugene
hospital, Cranbrook.
A large crowd gathered at the Library hall on Christmas eve to do
honor to Mr. and Mrs. 1'. Lund.
Early in the evening an address was
read and a presentation made by Mr.
A. Sheppard, asking Mr. and Mrs.
Lund to accept a very beautiful
grand father's clock. Although very
much taken by surprise Mr. Lund replied to the address in very appropriate terms. The remainder of the
evening was spept in dancing, music
being furnished by Mr. and Mrs.
Fred Penson and also by Mr. La
Mr. Sid Brown spent the holidays
with friends in town.
Mr. Otto Wisner, of Galloway,
was in town last Thursday on business.
Two pioneers of Victoria are dead,
Edward Cady .lohnson and -lohn N.
Wark, both of Irish birth, and both
identified with British Columbia In
the days of its beginning. Huth
were RO years of age. Mr. Wark
eame lo Victoria at the same tuuu
as Dr. Hetmcken and Senator Macdonald. He was for many years an
employe of the Hudson's Bay .ompany. He is survived by his widow, two sons and two daughters.
Mr. Johnson came lo ihe province iu
IS "ni and engaged in mining about
Hig Bend, Cariboo, until about no
years ago, when he came lo Victoria to live. He is survived by a
widow, one daughter and two suns
If vou are suffering from billious-
ness, constipation, indigestion,
chronic headache, invest one cent in
postal card, send tn Chamberlain
Medicine Co., Des Moines, Iowa,
with your name and address plainly
on thc back, and they will forward
you a free sample of Chamberlain's
Stomach and Liver Ts-bles. Sold by
all druggists and dcailers.
The whole aspect of the electoral
fight in Great Britain may be chanced by the judgment just delivered by
the law lords, Lord Shaw, an ex:
Radical minister, heing at their
head. This judgment declares that
trades unions cannot lecally make
compulsory levies on their members
for parliamentary representation
Nearly two million members ol
trades unions have hitherto been
compelled by their unions to contribute to the salaries of IT members ol
parliament, and out of similar compulsory levies some 80 Labor candidates are now standing Ior parliament. Many members of trade
unions habitually vote for Unionist
and Lilieral, and against Labor candidates at elections, and have only
paid their shillings hecause, if they
refused, they would have been labeled
blacklegs and driven out of the union.
Now that the law says the compulsory levy is illegal many unions
see a prospect of empty treasuries on
the eve of the greatest political contest of modern times.
The executive of the Labor party
will meet immediately to prepare a
hill legalizing what thc law declares
to he illegal. The executive will
press Premier Asijuith to accept this
hill as a government measure, and
light the election on that issue.
Unionist electioneers say that
thousands of trade unionists in all
industrial centres will welcome the
freedom from compulsion which thc
lords have now given them,
At tlie 1000 election the overwhelming Liberal and Labor victory
was largely attributed to the Tafi-
Vale decision, by which the lords declared the coiiris could empotind the
funds of a trade union by reason of
the action of any official. The law
was ihen made to sa>:
"Ue can seize your trade union
funds a.s we seize those of private
citizens," and In thc lflOti election,
trade unionists voted for the Liberal
Labor party to change the law. Now
the law says to trade unionists:
"Ynu need nol pay for your member
unless ymi like."
Lord Shaw, who was most emphatic in his judgment, said thai a trade
union contract placing a member's
vole and action Into subjection, not
lo Ins own convictions, bul to lhe
union's decisions, was Incompatible
with lbe spirit of lhe parliamentary
constitution, and with the independent freedom of a rcpreseiiiativ« Institution,
Conferences of lhe Labor party nre
already in progress to determine
whai action is lo he taken with reference   lo Ihe decision of the house
of lords, the supreme judicial tribunal of England, that trade unions may
not levy assessments on their members for the payment of their parliamentary representatives. The judgment of the lords was a shock to organized labor at a moment when the
Labor vote in the house of commons
is attaining important proportions.
Leaders of the party decline to fore*
shadow its policy, hut declare the
position cannot be accepted without
a struggle.
It seems probable that the Labor
party will strive to change the law,
at least, to the extent of admitting
parliamentary levies not involving
pledges, on the part ol Labor members to do the wiil of the unions,
thus obeying orders issued from outside of parliament in.-.tcad of acting
in accordance with their own judgment. Trade unionists assert lhat
the decision ol the Lords places
them at a disadvantage compared
with the Liberals, the Conservatives
and the Nationalists, who can "tap"
rich men for funds, while no such
source is open to the working
Many Liberals say that the proper
solution of the problem is the payment of members of parliament by
the government as a matter of public policy, so that all classes and interests may be represented. Thc
Conservatives arc bitterly opposed to
the plan of the trade unions to financing a pledged body of men in the
house of commons, arguing that in
these circumstances the Labor organizations might hold their o*.vn
against thc state and at times even
dominate the state.
According to the Canadian Manufacturers' association all trace of
the financial depression of two years
ago is a thing of the past. The
country is facing a period of prosperity which will surpass all records. With a view to learning thc
condition of the labor market the
C. M. A, recenUy circularized its
members, the resultant replies being
beyond expectations. Nearly aOO
employers of labor were approached,
a third of whom sjpn fled that they
needed more help. The canvass was
a thorough one, embracing every
province, and thc answer shows that
practically every branch ot industry
is in danger of a labor famine. The
greatest shortage is in Ontario,
where llii manufacturers state that
they arc in urgent need of some
8,500 employes.
FOR SALK—Five roomed cottage
on Fenwick avenue, witb henery and
coal and wood shed Light and
water.    Apply B. McGoldrlc.    45-2t* THE   CRAABROOK  HERALD
2.00 A YEAll
I'll 10   PAPEB   THAT   IS   HEAD   BY   THE   PEOPLE
DECEMBER 80, J!>09
ORANBROOK HERALD! this issue    we reproduce tlie opening
paragraphs    of this little work ami,
By the Herald   Publishing Company
F. J. Deane, Managing Editor.
Before another issue of the Herald
appears the present year will have
run ils course and a new year will
be well under way. We think it
may fairly be said tbat Ihe year
now drawing to its close has dealt
reasonably well with the great bulk
of the readers ol the Herald, aud,
for that matter, with the great bulk
of the pooplo ol this province. The
closing year had its setbacks, ils
misfortunes and calamities, hul, ou
the whole, the past twelve months
have been months of prosperity to
the people of British Columbia.
Wilh the coming of the new year we
can salely look forward to even
greater progress and prosperity. For
Cranbrook district the new year promises to he one of ijuite exceptional
importance, lhat is, if our people
seize Iheir opportunity and make tin;
most of it. The construction of ths
Kootenay Central should be lhe insistent demand of every resident of
these parts during 1010, The opening up of the Kootenay Valley will
do more for Craubrook and this section of the provinee than any other
single enterprise we know of. There
appears to tie unusual unanimity ou
this point, so let us gel together
and of set purpose determine lo see
that piece of railroad well under
way before another new year dawns
upon us.
Finance Minister Fielding's budget
speeches have made cheerful rending
ever since he was called to that office. His speech this year, which
was made the other ilay, is by no
means any less interesting or inspiring than his previous efforts. Ile
is again able to tell us of growing
revenues, carefully husbanded, of
these revenues increasing steadily in
spite of the fact that the rate of
taxation has been reduced. Commenting upou this very satisfactory state
of affairs, the Toronto Globe says;
"There could be no surer sign ol
successful national management. It
has been accomplished by employing
the income as far as possible in promoting the advancement of the country. There have been reproductive
services and reproductive works. Of
the former the expenditures on im-
migrgtion may be instanced. The
rapid increase in the appropriations
for that purpose have beeu a common
topic of opposition criticism, and
yet the returns have undoubtedly
been tenfold, and will be a hundred
fold. One of the results has been an
influx of half a million souls from
the United States, including thousands of skilled farmers, with capital, stock, implements, and knowledge, ready almost forthwith to add
to the production nf the country as
well as its revenues.
"Of thc reproductive works the
transcontinental will hold first place.
The opening of that rond will bring
into touch with the markets of the
world an acreage sullieicnt to form a
large European state. In forecasl-
ing the financial outlook nf a country it would be a mistake to indulge
too much in the roseate colors, hut
the most conservative financier
would have nn misgivings about Canada's financial future. Our expenditures are large, but they have been
used lor the greater growth and
glory of the Dominion. The significant thing is that they have been
found sufficient amply to meet the
various services which a greater
country demands, and the outlook is
that they will be more and more
ample for every legitimate want and
endeavor. Large projects loom up
in the future, hut they do not cause
any anxiety. What other countries
have spent in vast wars Canada is
spending on reproductive works, and
there is not in the world today a
state whose financial prospects are
so easy and certain. Mr. Fielding
has for thirteen years been our financial manager, and long may he he
spared to steer us along the safe and
ample channels he has marked out
for us."
Of the numerous publications issued recently by the provincial department of agriculture we question
if any will prove mnre generally useful than the latest to reach this office, entitled "Practical Poultry
Raising." Everyone who knows
anything about this province knows
of the extreme difficulty experienced
in securing fresh eggs antl yet one is
being constantly told nf the exceptional advantages this province has
to offer in the egg and poultry raising
business. The pamphlet under review aims to make a start in this
direction and there Is reason to
believe that the effort thus mnde
will not be dropped.     Elsewhere   in
from time to time, in the future we
propose reproducing addil tonal ev-
tracls therefrom. Doubtless some
of our readers would like lo secure a
copy of this pamphlet for personal
perusal and we would advise any
such to send in a request for a copy
through Iheir local representative.
The enquiry into the Searchlight
charges has been concluded and the
police commissioners have unqualifiedly exonerated Chief of Police Cory
Dow from any blame in the mattor.
We imagine Rev, Mi. Hughes fully
concurs in ihe view taken by the
police commissioners. Undoubtedly
he erred iu giving publicity to sucb
grave charges against the chief of
police without lirsl making most
careful investigation into lhe sources
ui his information, but we believe,
and we lliiuk thai most of our readers will agree with us, that Mr.
Hughes' error was due to excess of
/eal. The evil Mr. Hughes is fighting is one of lhe gravest that inflicts life in our western towns and
cities. Hut lhe evil will not be
minimized, nor stamped oul by reckless assertions alTecting lhe honesty
of purpose of civic: ollicials. The
posilion of chief of police is a Irving
one at best, and it will not make
for stricter performance of duty lo
hold him up to public contempt, The
police commissioners acted wisely in
holding an inquiry inlo llie Searchlight charges and Ihey certainly did
nol err on the side of strictness in
the latitude allowed Mr. Hughes to
make good the statements he hatl
circulated through that paper. Mr.
Hughes' well wishers iu Cranbrouk
will hope thai this experience will
prove useful.
The Christmas tree entertainment
and children's special which were
held at the Catholic church on
Christmas day afternoon were pronounced a decided success. The
Catholic children, resident in Cranhrook, tinder fourteen years of age,
number about one hundred and there
was a present for each on the
Christmas tree. A brighter and
happier crowd never had gathered into the church before, and tbe entertainment was thoroughly enjoyed by
all present. Much credit is due to
Mrs. J. J. Kennedy, Miss Goulet and
Mr. McKinnon for Ihe splendid way
in which everything was carried out
10 render the children happy.
On the next day the faithful of Unchurch were each presented with a
chrislmas present from the parish
priest, in the form of a Catholic
.vear book and directory for the year
1910. This book is intended io be
for them and their friends a source
of information   for   things that   are
'Catholic and pertain to lhe religious
services ns are held at the different
(Catholic churches in South East
1 Saturday, the first of lbe year,
will be observed as a holiday. Mass
will be celebrated at !1 o'clock in
lhe morning, and benediction will be
'{riven at 7..'10 p.m.
The pastor desires tn extend tn all
lhe friends of the ehureh his best
wishes for a Happy New Year.
A Christmas tree and social was
given to the Knox church Sunday
scliool in the school room on Thursday night, December -.'Ird, and for
over two hours lbe children held
high carnival there. The little tots
were entertained at the home of It.
S. Garrett, while lhe older ones
played games of various sorts in the
school room. Al 9.30 all gathered
in the school room and Santa Claus
was promptly on hand to strip a
Chrislmas tree well laden with candies, mils, raisins and oranges. The
following received prizes for Ihe
most regular attendance at both
ciiurcb and Sunday school: Daisy McCallum, a box nf nole paper; Robert
Flnley, n hook; Nellie McKinstry. a
purse, Neil McCallum, a game;
Helen McKinslry, a workhox; Mabel
Taylor, a center piece; Hazel Taylor, a hook; Charles Watson, n pair
ui reins; Paul McKinslry, a pistol.
When he had finished his distribution
Satila shook hands and kissed a numher of the eager lillle ones and
withdrew. Then refreshments ot
cocoa, cake and sandwiches were
served and the evening's excitement
came to an end.
Quite a large gathering assembled
in the gym on Monday last for the
annual Christmas entertainment. The
place was very prettily decorated
for the occasion, and the tree, well
loaded with numerous gifts, lighted
with many candles and sparklets added considerable beauty to the
rcene, and was, of course, the central
attraction to both young nnd old,
The program was well rendered, nnd
reflects credit upon tbe efforts of the
-Saturday i--1 New Yenr'!- Day.
lbe one tiny of llie year when
almost   every   person   makes a
VOW to tio just a little better
liming the coining year limn hi
ibe one jusi expired. It may be
in tho wny of work, -sporta or in
extending ihe helping hand to
the needy ivhonevei possible!
Imt iteverlholofis, New Year's ■
Day lias lhe fame efiect upon all
and theto aie probably more
"Castles in Iho ah" bull! at New
Year's thnn all ibe year round.
If only live per cent of the gooil
rosolvcs weie kept there would
bean Increase of live hundred
percent in the world's happiness.
Of course, McCallum's-Haul-
ware will make llieir good
leaolvesantl will certainly keep
ibem. We have been
complimented on all sides upon
our business methods nud our
promptness ami caieful attention
io oui- customer's wants; but
we know there if loom for
improvement in ibe best
conducted linns ami we will
make every effort possible to
further improve our good record
in Cranlirook and District.
Competition is probably the
secret of our eucceEs in ibis eily.
Some merchants attempt to brush
competition aside mnl then
hnagino they have none; we
glory in meeting competition
lace lo face uml continually
remember we ure squarely
fighting il all the year
round. The advantage is
yours, as through our constant
thoughts of competition all our
prices are reduced to tbe
In conclusion—We thank our
friends for the very generous
support iici-oidul ns in onr
record year —1000— and we
extend our very best wishes for
■a happy and prosperous New
Year to all the residents of Kast
The Hardware Men
committee, Mrs. R. Hughes, Mrs. W.
Hayward, Mr. J, Lower and Mr. P.
J. Brougbton. After the various
numbers had been given, a very interesting litllfl dialogue was enacted,
at the close of which Santa Claus
appeared and the distribution of the
presents began. There seemed to be
something for everybody, and all
were delighted with the fun and frolic- wliich followed. The report
which was given by the pastor, Rev.
R. Hughes, in the absence of the
superintendent—Dr. E. W. Connolly-
shewed a larger average attendance
lhan last year in the Sunday scliool;
the finances were very satisfactory.
The management have decided to
adopt a new system regarding prizes
which they are anxious for the parents to Know about. In the past,
all the children have received a prize
Whether they have made good attendances or not, whether they have been
late or punctual. It has now been
decided to require from the children
.(") early attendancess out of the 52
Sundays in the year before any reward is earned, in this way it is
hoped lo encourage both regularity
and punctuality. A numher of new
hooks have just been added lo lhe
library of (be school. The ladies
bible elass presented the superintendent with a very handsome gold signet ring as a mark of the esleem iu
whieh be is held.
The annual Christmas tree entcr-
laiiimcnt nf the Hihle scliool of Ihe
Crnnhrook Baplist church was held
on Wednesday, lhe 20th. There was
a house full, chiefly of juveniles. The
program was excellent, holh ns lo
Ihe songs, recitations, dialogues,
etc., and its moderate length. Pastor Charles Vi. King occupied the
chair and warmly recommended the
scholars for their growing interest
in the work of the school and attendance at the public services. Mr.
C. R. Shepherd, lhe superintendent,
in a few brief words, noted the substantial growth of the school and
presented a numher of prizes to the
scholars. Then a considerable racket outside created some commotion
among the scholars. It was found
lo he caused by the arrival of Santa
Claus by flight of airship. Part, of
the noise was produced by his old
sleigh bells which lbe old joy-maker
cannot discard in his change of locomotion. The very Scotch-like accent of Mr. Claus betrayed where he
Wc wish you a Happy and
Prosperous New Year
We would also remind you that our stock is
always Complete and Up-to-date in everything
necessary to  clothe Men,-Women and Children.
We carry the following well known lines which are all
Leaders in Style, Fit, nnil Durability.
FOR MEN.    20th CENTURY BRAND CLOTHING.   The  Best on  the
American Continent.
WALK-OVER SHOES.   The Premier American Shoe.
ASTORIA SHOES.   The Lending Canadian Shoe.
FOR WOMEN.   ROYAL WAISTS, Famous all over Canada.
EMPRESS SHOES.   Canada's  Best Shoe for Ladies.
WALK-OVER SHOES.   The shoe with the biggest sale
in tlie I'nited States.
THE CLASSIC SHOE.   A Canadian Shoe specially made
for Boys and Girls,
LITTLE DARLING HOSE.   The most Servcieable Hose
came from last or some other time.
Some of the youngsters whispered
suspiciously to the others "I know
who hi: is." Everybody was delighted with liis visit and all had a
good lime. The tree was well laden wilh candies, cards and gifts,
some of wliich created no little mer-
mimeiil. In the program the great
unspeakable gift was given due and
helpful prominence.
The Salvation Army had their
Christmas Iree on the 23rd inst. A
wry nice program was rendered and
Santa Clans followed with presents
for the children.
Special for this week: Oreen oil
Window shades,   lac.—C. C. S.
Mrs, K. J. Deane will be "at
home" on Wednesday, January Sth,
cornor Armstrong avenue and Edward Btrcct, O. T. Rogers' former
residence, and on thc first Wednesday
in lhe month hereafter,
A, F. Krapfel, of Kernie, manager
of the Triwood Lumher company, is
iu  lown,
Tapestry and Chenille curtains,
hrnnd new stock, from $3.50 to
$10,110 per pair.-C. C. S.
The new hymn hooks have come and
will be in use this Sunday.
Special New Year's day messages
in gymns, song and sermons at both
Public worship 11 a.m. and 7.30
p.m. Bible school 3 p.m. The
Philcthen and Baraca classes for
young women and men, with the
school, will begin the International
series of studies on the Life of
Christ, as recorded by Matthew. The
Lord's Supper at thc morning service. The pastor, Charles W.
King, will address tbe morning congregation and thc Rev, R. Hughes,
of the Methodist church, will speak
at the evening service in the interdenominational exchange of pulpits.
A cordial welcome is extended to all.
Dill pickles at Fink's Pure Food
Q. MacEachern was up from Moyie
Mr. T. Girard, formerly of thc Herald staff, will leave for Spokane on
Monday next.
Peanut oil (delicious for salad) at
Fink's pure Food Orocery.
Judge and Mrs. Wilson will be returning to Cranhrook on Monday
next to take up permanent residence
Dr. T. W. Lees, formerly of Vancouver, has arrived in town to join
the medical firm of King and Oreen.
First twn weeks iu January stock
taking sale id hooks and fancy
goods at Cranhrook Drug and Book
Co.     See goods and prices.
-    NOTICE.
Owing lo the impossibility of completing the new school huilding by
January 3rd, thc reassembling of the
classes will not take place before
Monday, .lanuary 10th.
By order,
Board of School Trustees,
S, II. Hoskins, Sec'y.
The   highest  cash  prices  paid
Copper   Brass   and   Rubber
By   J.   P.   YOUNd
BOX   (14
-A.. O. PYE
After the first of the year we
will clear  out the  balance
of all our clothing at
a reduction of
►   *
lm.orf)ornt(.|l 1 Hfil*
Head Office: Montreal, Quebec
CAPITAL PAID UP - - $ 4,700,000
RESERVE ... - 5,400,000
TOTAL ASSETS   -     -     -     55,000,000
II. L. HOLT, President
V,. L. PEASE!. Qoneral Managor
Accounts of Firms, Corporations nnd Individuals
Out-of-town business reoeivea evory attention.
SWINGS DEPARTMENT.-Deposits of $1.00 and
upwards roooivod uud interest allowed ut current rate.
No formality or delay in withdrawing,
A Gouoral Banking business transacted.
Cranbrook Branch: W. A. SCHWARTZ, Mgr.
GOOD   FOR   1909
You lmve been a good year to us
WELCOME   1910
.May you be even more prosperous
With renewed energy and strict attention to business
wu are determined that you shall be.
Prosperity to Cranbrook and Its citizens
is tbe wish of
The Raworth Brothers
Here is a Pointer on what to buy
the wife for Christmas.
A SEWING MACHINE.-We have a Drophead maohine
for 830.00
A STEEL RANGE.—Our Holiday Price is $60.00
A WASHING MACHINE.-The best in the market
for $10.00
J. M. Agnew & Co., Elko, B. C.
We are issuing a souvenir aud will ask our out-
of-town friends to mail us a post card requesting one
_A__**Mt%Ai%_________________< A*
We are constantly hearing of
Wo have 11 Snap thai is certainly no hold-up
The most modem, up-to-date residence iu the eity,
Absolutely now, choice location, every convenience.
Oouorote Foundation, large basement, furnace, fireplace,
hath, electric light and water.
Agonts Tin- Ureal West Permanent Loan it Savings Co.
Hay Farm on Kootenay River
257    ACRES
I mile from Port Steel - !l miles from Cranbrook
2m) ucres level bottom land
.'i7 aores bench land
HO acres under cultivation, mostly in timothy
■l-rooni frame house, log stnbles and partly fenced. Never
failing creek uml river frontage, The bottom land has deep
blaok Boll, nnd is coverid with n light growth of poplar and
willow brush, .lust the right kind of soil for timothy and
will produce from 2i to II tons per nore.
PRICE   $4,500   CASH
Fred A. Russell <& Co.
Next door to P. Woods' Meat Market
P. O. Box 144
20 people help you to laugh ia the
E. G. Bulgin, chiel accountaat for
western lines, ot the C.P.R., was in
town from Winnipeg on Wednesday.
Jap oranges at, Campbell and Manning's.
Mrs. Brymner and child are leaving
fnr thc east the first of the year nn a
short visit.
Head the Cranbrook Trading Co.'s
\V. R. Skcy, traveling agent ol the
0. R. & S. passed through the city
on Tuesday.
All kinds of carriage painting at
II  II. Sbort'i.
V. Hyde Raker and family returned
from Portland, "re. last Friday
Special scenery, costuming, pretty
girls, tunny comedians in the Rajah,
New Yearja night.
Alderman DeVere Hunt and lamily returned from a visit to Spokane
lusl Monday.
Pretty girls, funny comedians in
the Rajah.     Don't miss it.
The electric light fixtures and seats
for jurymen were being installed in
tho new court house this week.
Read the Cranbrook Trading Co.'s
0. R. Ward is away at Okotoks
and will likely be back about New
Year's day.
Mrs. Pilkington lelt on Wednesday
Ior New Westminster, where she will
visit her son.
Constable J. Walsh and Mrs.
Walsh, ol Fort Steele, were in town
last Friday.
We move anything. Nothing too
small or too large for us.—Cranbrook Cartage and Transfer Co.,
phone 63.
J. F.tM. Pinkham, manager of the
local branch of the Imperial bank,
left last Friday on a short holiday
trip to Calgary.
AU kinds ot carriage painting at
The San Francisco Opera company
will likely play a return engagement
here about the middle of next
New Year's night is the time to
see the Rajah.
G. M. Scammon, formerly a C. P.
R. engineer here, left last Friday for
Buenos Ayres, where he has secured
a lucrative position.
Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping of all descriptions.—G. H. Ashworth, Cranbrook, B. C.        46-lt
Mr. W. Moore, a well known Calgary commission merchant, was a
guest of Dr. J. H. and Mrs. King
tor Christmas.
The Cranbrook Cartage and Transfer Co. are still doing business at
the same old stand in the same old
E. Elwell and family returned yesterday from Bonnington Falls, where
they had spent the Christmas holidays.
WANTED—Situation as chamber
maid in hotel; if out- ol town, state
wages. Apply Aiken block, room
22, Cranbrook, B. C. 46-1*
Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Crandall and
Miss Esther Crandall will arrive in
Cranbrook from Chipman, N. B., on
Sunday next on a visit to Mrs. I. II.
Read tlie Cranbrook Trading Co.'s
Christmas passenger traffic in and
out of Cranbrook and all along thc
Crow line was exceptionally heavy
and far in excess of last year's travel
al the same time.
WANTED—A girl tor general
housework. Apply Mrs. G. W. Pat-
mbre. 16-tt
S. G. Blaylock, superintendent at
the St. Eugene, and W. Reese, master mechanic, were in town the early
part of the week en route to Kimberley to supervise the starting up
of work at the Sullivan.
The. best musical comedy company
en tour; colonial tourists in the Rajah.
On Tuesday evening next at 8.30
o'clock a meeting will he held at the
Herald ollice for the purpose of organizing a civilian rifle association.
All interested in this idea are requested to attend.
120 laughs in 120 minutes. The
Rajah, New Year's night.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Carpenter, of
Edmonton, arc spending a few days
in towu, thc guests of Dr. and Mrs.
.1. H. King. Mr. Carpenter is going
on to Nelson, where he will fill thc
position of business manager for P-
Burns & Co., in West Kootenay.
Read the Cranbrook Trading Co.'s
The next meeting ot the Cranbrook
Women's Institute will be held in the
government building on Thursday,
January Oth, 1010, at 3 p.m. The
topic to be discussed is "Salads."
Every woman in Cranbrook is earnestly requested to attend.—Miss
Kate Hamilton, secretary-treasurer.
Jap oranges at Campbell and Manning's.
Stuart Webster advance agent for
the Colonial Tourists, comic opera
troupe, was in town yesterday, arranging dates for the appearance of
his company in this city. Thc Colonial Tourists will appear at tho
Auditorium on Saturday ami Monday
evenings next. A good show is
McCortiiack's cream soda biscuits in
bread tins fresh this week at Fink's
Pure Food Grocery.
Mrs. A. M- Cane, of Seattle, is
visiting her daughter, Mrs C. H. Allison.
Colonial tourists playing the Rajah
is tbe best on the road.
William Blaynay, a special representative of "Canada," an English
illustrated paper devoted to Canadian
affairs, was in lown the latter part
of last week. Mr. Blaynay is visiting every section of this province in
lhc interests of "Canada" and will
contribute articles dealing witb matters ot moment or ->f special interest to Britishers. Mr. Blaynay secured views here for a two page
write up ol Cranbrook.
Special for tbis week: Oreen oil
window shades,  -15c—C.  C. S.
Lettuce, cucumbers and ripe tomatoes at Fink's Pure Food Grocery.
J. A. Broley, lbe Fernie contractor, is in town.
Special for tbis week. Green oil
window shades, 450.—C. C. S.
C. Loasby and wife, ol Sirdar, are
guests at thc Cranhrook hotel.
D. G. Palmer is in town from Wyelifte.
Chas. J. White, of Moyie, is at the
Cranbrook hotel.
Thos. Rader is in town from .laffray.
Special for this week: Greca oil
window shades, 45c—C. C. S.
Al. Doyle, of Fort Steele, is at the
Sandy McDougal, the well known
lumberman is down from Kernie.
P. Lund, wife and two daughters
are registered at the Cranbrook
Lace curtains '$1.25 to $10.00 per
pair.—C. C. S.
W. C. II. Manson, manager of the
Home Bank, Fernie, was in town
S. Herchmer was down from Kernie yesterday.
Phil Kingman and wife, of Edmonton, are visiting the latter1 s father,
J. II. McLean.
Mrs. A. B. Macdonald will receive
the first time since her marriage
at her home on Garden avenue on
Wednesday afternoon, January 5th,
from 4 to 6.
English Stilton cheese at Kink's
Pure Food Grocery.
Patmore Bros, wish their customers one and all a Merry Christmas
and a Happy New Year and many re-
sums of the same.
M. A. Jull, U.S.A., the B. C.
poultry cxpfirt, writes from Victoria
that he would like to secure the
names of those in thc Cranbrook
district interested in the organization of a poultry association. Names
can be sent direct to Mr. Jull or
through thc Herald offlee.
Lace curtains $1.25 to $10.00 per
pair.-C. C. S.
B. H. Short, Cranbrook's wall
decorator, not to be behind in the
race for Christmas trade has laid in
a large and varied stock of new and
special designs in wall paper and" is
prepared to beautify every room
in every house in Cranbrook on short
notice. Mr. Short is an artist at
Christmas decorations and anyone requiring the services of a decorator
at this season will be well advised
to secure bis services.
lf you need anything in smokers'
supplies call at Campbell and Manning's. You will find bargains
Special for this week: Green oil
window shades,  15c—C. C. S.
The funniest musical comedy produced in years, thc Rajah.
A meeting of the Cranbrook Hockey
league is called for Tuesday evening
next at thc Cranbrook hotel for 8
o'clock sharp. The committee appointed for that purpose have waited
upon the Arena rink managers and
arranged for dates for use ot thc
rink by thc league. Practice games
will be allowed three times a week
and matches once a week. On New
Year's day an exhibition game will
he played between teams representing
the C.P.R. and the town. The costumes tor thc C.P.R. team have arrived and the hoys will turn out in
all their splendor on New Year's
Lace curtains $1.25 to $10,00 per
pair.—C. C. S.
Lace curtains $1.25 to $10.00 per
pair.-C. c. S.
The beautiful Scottish drama "The
Bonnie Rriar Bush," is to pay us a
visit in the very near iuture. This
will be welcome news to all lovers of
this delightful interpretation of Ian
McLaren's widely read stories of
Drumtochty. Thc story is so well
and favorably known here that it is
unnecessary to detail the plot. Lach-
lan Campbell, Postie, Tammas, Mc-
Lure and all thc other lovable characters will be well presented by a
thoroughly capable company ot players. An entirely new and beautiful
scenic production has been built for
this season, the former one having
been destroyed this summer in a fire
which burned up one of thc largest
storage warehouses in New York
City. Thc play will he given here
on January 17th, at the Auditorium.
Don't miss the hrst show in years,
the Rajah.
Tapestry and Chenille curtains,
(brand new stock, from $3.50 to
$10.00 per pair.-C. C. S.
Vie have a few lots left on the
lieautiful Rowling Road, right
cloee to the Kiver Road ear line,
and commanding an ansuritarr^-
iug view.
Prieen $27o ami |3t-0 eaeh.
Terms $25 cash,
balance f 10 per month.
We can recommend these io
bring good returns on the investment.
We have also a number of good
lots in Lynn Valley, Nortli
Vancouver, on the new ear line.
Willi the early construction of
the Bridge acrosn tin- Second
Narrows, these lots will more
than double in value.
Price from $250 up
Terms |25 cash,
balance $10 per month,
Dominion Stock & Bond
Corporation, Ltd.
Winch Building, Hustings Street
VANCOUVER,   ■     •  B.C.
Patmore Bros, wish their customers oue and all a Merry Christmas
and a Happy New Year and many re-
surns of the same.
N. I. Harrison, ot the Kootenay
Telephone Lines, leaves on Saturday
for a trip to Pembroke and Ottawa.
He expects to be away during the
month of -January.
Lark and Curtis Langln, of the
Crothers Lumber company, spent
Christmas with Iheir brother, I,. L,
There will be a wntchnight service
iu the Methodist church Friday night
commencing at 11.15. The Epworth
League will serve refreshments from
9.30.    All are invited to attend.
First two weeks in January stock
taking sale of books and fancy
goods at Cranbrook Drug und Hook
Co.    See goods and prices.
At the Methodist parsonage Wednesday, December 2flth, L909, Robert
Scott Alexander, of this city, and
Mrs. Etta Welch-Conger, of Vernon,
B. C, were united in matrimony by
the Rev. R. Hughes. They will take
up their residence in this city.
Mrs. II. E. Connolly and son arc
spending thc holidays with friends in
Look out for Burns' anniversary
concert, supper and dance January
25th, 1910. The greatest event of
the season. Songs, dances and recitations by 15 local artists. Please
keep this date open. 48
Ingersoll cream cheese at Fink's
Pure Food Grocery.
Look out for Burns1 anniversary
concert, supper and dance January
25th, 1910. The greatest event of
tho season. Songs, dances and recitations by 15 local artists. Please
keep this date open. 46
Good coflee is invigorating and
healthful. Fink's high grade coflee is
the acme ot perfection.
Florida grape fruit at Fink's Pure
Food Grocery.
stock taking the Cranbrook Drug
and Book Co. wish to reduce their
stock and for the first two weeks in
January are offering a big -discount
in fancy goods and books. See their
Dill pickles at Fink's Pure Food
The ninth annual ball, under thc
auspices of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, Buckley Lodge, No.
585, takes place tomorrow night at
thc Auditorium. Dancing will commence at 21.30. Supper will be
served by the Ladies Auxiliary,
Queen Alexandra Lodge, No. 212.
This is one ot the popular dances of
the holiday season and is sure to be
well attended. Tickets, good for
lady and gentleman, can be purchased
from anv member of the lodge, price
The store that does the most good
to the community is the store t"
patronize. Fink's Pure Food Grocery has been a tower of strength In
raising the standard of up-to-date
merchandizing in thc Kootenay district.
Miss L. Tannhauser, who has been
on the Cranbrook post office stall for
the past seven years, is leaving on
account of ill-health. Miss Tannhauser will return to her home at
Fort Steele. She will be greatly
missed from this city, as apart from
her careful attention to her duties
at the post afficc she has actively interested herself in thc work of the
local branch of the order of Rebekahs, in which order she has lilled
every chair, being now past noble
grand. Cranbrook friends will wish
her speedy restoration to health and
a very happy New Year.
The Colonial Tourists presenting
the "Rajah" at thc Auditorium on
New Year's night come with the reputation of being one nf the best
musical comedy companies that tour
Canada. This company is establishing a circuit from Calgary to Vancouver, and in future will be seen in
Cranbrook  efery two   months.    No
We wisli to expreBS  our thanks to tlie pi
Crunbrook ami  vicinity for a record  year
best Christmas yet,   We shall endi
continuance of your liberal patrono
the best goods at reasonable prices,
iple of
yinr aad the
ir to deserve u
by Belling only
Wishing you one and all a most Joyous nnd Prosperous
New Year.
: W. H. WILSON, „        _
Jeweler and
Grailimle    Optician
Wishing  All   Patrons  a   Happy
and Prosperous New Vear
A.   L.   HcDERriOT
t **********************
Los Angeles, Cal.
Via Soo Spokane O. R. & N. - S. P. Route
Leaves Spokane Jan. 17th ii
Reduced rates from nil ix-ints on lhc Crows Xi st Liue of lbe
O.P.R., Medicine Hat and West January Kith. Tickets
limited to DO duys, stop-over privileges n larnii g. and include
Pullman berth,all meals in diner at Hot,:***, side trips ami
entertainment en route on th*. going trip of sii .:;,..*.
Reserve Berths Now as only a limited  number can  be
ncoouitnodnted and ears positively will not 1»* crowded.   Two
tickets entitle holder to a full section.   Ask your agenl for   i.
full information or write to
W. R.. SKEY,
Travelling Passenger Agent, O. R. •£ N, Co.
Have you finished making ycur
Good   Resolutions   for ;
the  New  Year
yet?    If not. let us suggest one to you right now.
When in need of a good square meal or a dainty
snack, resolve to go to the
The Palace  Restaurant ii
TWO  DOORS FROM   P.  WOODS   '.  I   *
Pork   Pies,  Sausage  Rolls,   etc.
made fresh daily.
¥ ▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼▼
ffffffff ▼▼▼▼▼*
,u ity store:;
thE QUAUB-5^^- ;;
__.  FANCV   (iWOCEKIES   j|
Big Red Tag Sale on Pipes, Tobacco Pouches  I!
Cigar and Cigarette Holders, ! I
Cigars, Tobaccos, etc.
Everything at cost as we are clearing 1
♦♦♦<♦♦♦ ♦♦<»$ « * , -. 4 *♦♦♦*+♦+♦*
expense will be spared to produce the
best attractions possible so that the
reputation of thc company will en-
••'.111' a full house, the large number
ni people carried, including special
..eerier*., costumes and electrical effects make it Imperative to play to
nui houses, and the management
[eels that by producing the best
thai the thoatre-golmg public of
Cranbrouk will respond accordingly.
Thc musical comedy thc Rajah that
is to he produced here has enjoyed
enormous popularity wherever played. It is full of mirth-provoking
situations, tuneful music and scenic
effects ami with the full strength ol
thc Colonial Tourists sbould afford a
gnod, clean evening's entertainment.
The Colonial Tourists have with
them the famous Queen City <;uar-
tette, and the three comedians, K.
C. Hunt, Mon tic Collins and Charlie
Rice, whose names alone arc enough
to ensure many a laugh. It is to be
hoped that this company will meet
the patronage it deserves so that
they will continue to include Cranbrouk in tlieir circuit
Miss McKay, local representative
in thc Lethbridge Herald contest, is
still keeping well in the front, hut
(-ranbrook will   have to   get in line
and boost in order for hei to secure
first place. It's up lo us to put our
representative fa the very first
place.    Have you done your share?
stock taking the (ranbrook Drug
and Book Co wish to reduce tlieir
stock and ft.r the Hi it two weeks in
• lanuary arr offering a big discount
in fancy goods and books See their
At the meeting ol tho Farmers'
Institute on Wednesday night, Mr.
T. H, Oili read a paper of the
greatest interest to everyone interested in horticulture. The principal
part of the paper dealt with thc
work performed by bees In the fertilization of flowers, and pointed out
thc necessity of this In order that
perfect fruit sliould 1* produced, and
also introduced many Interesting details of tho life and habits of the
busy little insect. Owing to the
limited time before Ihe issue of the
Herald this week, we nre unable to
print Mr. dill's paper In full, but
hope to do sn iu our next edition
nud wc feel sure il will be read with
great interest.
Tapestry and Chenille curtains,
brand new slock, from $3.50 to
$10.00 per pair.-C. C. S. THE   UKA-NBliUOK   HIBA-LD
b. e. walker, Pr.si.3ent Paid-up Capital, $10.000.000
A1KXAKDER IAIRD, General Manajer ! geserve Fund,   -    6.000,000
DRAFTS AND   MONEY ORDERS sold, and money transferred by
telegraph or letter.
COLLECTIONS made in all parts of Canada and in foreign countries.
FOREIGN BUSINESS.    Cheques and drafts on the United States,
Gr^at Britain and other foreign countries bought and sold.     1J3
R. T. Brymner, flanager Cranbrook Branch
Ulake, ul Wasa, B. O., occupation
Rancher, intends to apply Ior permission to purchase thc lollowing
described lands:
Commencing at this post, thence
south 80 chaias, thence east 40
chains, thenco north 10 chaias,
thenre cast 10 chaias, thence north
to the Kootenay river, thence upstream to the south-cast corner ol
Lot 8155, thenco to the point ol
.lohn W. Blake,
U.W.S. lliggins, Cranlirook, Agent,
November 25th, 1110'J. 45-Dt*
DAV   PHONE   188
P, O.   BOX   "A"
( •?» ^
Start thc  New Year  with  this
"I am going to deal with the
Trading Company and  pay
$3.40 PER CWT.
For Mining Properties, Fruit Land,
and Timber Limits.
Agents for White Star, lied Htiir, Dominion Steamship Lines
Purchase your tickets to
Through ticket*, sold direct Irnm i '-mil,mnl-. nnd Berths hook(*d at tho
oillc.-of Bonis & Elwell.
Up-to-date   Modern   Residence
twelve rooms, splendidly located
Easy terms.    Snap.
Beale & Elwell,   Real Estate
********************** **********************
We have received a full line of Dry Ooods direct from the
Manufacturers of China and Japan.
All at Lowest Prices.
Box 302—The Silk Importers,' Dnrk-k Avenue -Phone 21!)
Investors Take Notice
See   Clarence White   and
John  Sullivan
KITCHENER.       -       -      -       B. C
(Form F.)
TAKE NOTICE that I, John 0.
Cummings, F.M.C. No. D2M50, act-
ing as agent lor J. C. Hooker, F.M.
C. No. Bulla', and Joseph H. Wright.
Free Miner's Certificate No. 1)11414,
intend, sixty days Irom date hereoi,
to apply to the Mining Recorder loi
Certificates ol Improvements, lor the
purpose ot obtaining Crown Grants
nl the above claims.
Aad further take notice that action, uader scctioa 37, must be commenced he-tore   thc  issuance of sucb
iTtilicate ot Improvements.
Dated this 15th day ol September
A.D. 1909.
•lO-llt" J. O. Cnmmings.
TAKE NOTICE that Francis
Cartwright Lawe, ot the City ol
Femie, in the Province ol British
Columbia, Solicitor, intends to apply
fur permission to purchase Uie following described lands:
Commencing at a point on the
north boundary ol the A. J. Farquharson purohase about twenty-
ihree (23) chains west of the Elk
River and aboat twenty (20) chains
north of District Lot 6030, thence
north twenty-nine (29) chains, more
or less, to the west bank of the
Elk River, thenee down stream thirty-two (32) chains, more or less, to
a point twenty (20) chains north
from the north boundary of said
Lot G030, Group One (1), Kootenay
District, thence west twenty-three
(23) chains, more or less, to point ol
Dated this 26th day ol Novemher
1909. 42-9t
Francis C. Lawe.
IN THE MATTER OF AN APPLICATION for the issue of a Duplicate
Certificate ol Title to an undivided
l-3rd of Lot 2377, Group One, Kootenay District.
that it is my intention to issue at
the expiration ol one month alter thc
nrst publication hereof a duplicate of
thc Certificate ol Title to the above
mentioned land in -the name ol
Frank 1'. Hogaa, whioh Certilicatc
is dated thc Hth November, 1901,
aad numbered 026A.
T. M. Bowman,
Deputy District Registrar.
IT. McLcod,
Land Registry Ofliee,
Nelson, B. C,
12-lt November 19th, 1909.
Tom Sharkey has given out the
fuliowing forecast of the Jeflrics-
Johnson tight:
It's a hard matler to try and dope
out a tight seven mollis before the
men climb iuto the ring, but looking
over the situation of the big battle I
leel confident that Jim Jeflries will
collect lhe large end of tbe purse
when he meets Jack Johnson July
Now, before 1 go any further 1
want to say thai 1 am looking at
this great contest from tbe outside.
Il is only natural that I should hope
thai Jell wins the battle, if only to
have Hit' Utie remain in the white
man's class. Many may shriek that
there should be no color line in tbo
fighting game, lmi there is, and always will ot- as long as we are on
this earth. This doesn't mean that
1 um knot-king Johnson. If there
was ever a tutored man that was
really white Johnson is the man. If
lie lind been burn white instead of
black, well tliere might have been a
dillereiil story. I have met both
lighters time and time again and
want to go on record as saying that
I claim that I consider tbe pair two
clever men in the ring, and outside ol
the squared circle lliey arc men that
are worth knowing.
There is one wail that has never
stopped sinee Jim Jeflries signed up
for this battle. Tlie croakers have
chirped without drawing a long
breath, "Jefirics will have to get
back his wind." That's the best
joke I ever heard since Joe Miller
stopped kidding the public. Jack
Johnson is a fighter that is produced
only in a century. He is composed
of tough fibres encased in a bulk that
is almost unnatural. With all respect
to Jell, he is like a big black car
weighing a ton, full of ginger and
aching for a light. And they ask
how about his wind. That is the
best joke of the year. If he has
trouble with his wind there will be
no light. Instead the coroner will
have a job on his hands trying to find
out what killed a tall, wiry, colored
man. As long as you ask me, I
want to give you the inside dope
this fight and you can bet the family
jewels that Tom Sharkey knows what
he is saying. Let Jim Jeffries enter the ring on the next July 4, one
half fit—remember one half fit as thc
day be met me at Coney Island, and
he will win in a canter.
In all fairness to Jack Johnson 1
wish to say that- I consider him one
of the fastest two handed fighters of
the day and don't forget to remember
that he has a kick in with either
For an illustration just go back a
few weeks, when he put Stanley
Ketchel in dreamland. The sturdy
middleweight had knocked the colored
man down and everybody at the ringside was yelling like mad for Ketchel
to "kill the negro."
Johnson got up, slammed Ketchel
wilh his left and then drove his
right with such force that he knocked all of Ketchcl's teeth out and put
liim away cold. This was pretty
good for a man without a punch
IN THE MATTER OP AN APPLICATION for the issue of a Duplicate
Certificate of Title to an undivided
2-3rds of Lot 2377, Group One, Kootenav District.
that it is mv intention to issue at
the expiration of one month atter the
lirst publication hereof a duplicate of
the Certificate of Title to the above
mentioned land in the name ol
William G. Carlin awl Alfred Doyle,
which Certificate is dated the 28th of
August, 1901, and numbered 692A.
T. M. Bowman,
Deputy District Registrar.
If. McLeod,
Land Registry Office,
Nelson, B. C.,
13-lt November lflth, IflO!).
Low Round Trip Rates to
TicketH on sale Dec. 1  to Dec.  Ul. in
elusive, uood ">   'eturn within three
Tickets mneil  hi connection  At lain ic
Steamship   Business  will he on sale
Irom Nov. 21 and limited lotlve inontlip
from date of ipptie
Finest Kqiiipment. Standard First
.'law*- nml Tourist Sleeping Cats and
Dining Cars on all Through Truinp.
Com pa ft ment - Library- Olmprvaiion
Cars on "Imperial Limited" arid "Atlantic Kxp'epn."
3-Through Express Trains Daily-3
leaves Winnipeg llallv at 22 40, making
connections nl Toronto Ior all point.
■Cast and West thereof.
Winnipeg dally at is IB, and tho "AT
[.ANTIC EXPRESS" «t S 00 daily,
malting connection at Montreal for till
points Ett-t thereof,
Miss Jean Clemens, daughter ol
Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain), was
found drowned in a bathtub in Mr.
Clemens' home at Redding, Conn., on
Christmas eve.
It is believed that Miss Clemens
snHered Irom an attack of epilepsy
while in the bath, and was drowned
while in a convulsion. She had been
suITering from epilepsy lor a number
of years. Speaking of his daughter's
death, Mr. Clemens said:
"My daughter, Jean Clemens, passed from this lile suddenly. All the
last hall of her life she was an
epileptic, but lor the last two years
wc considered her practically well.
Her maid was always with her wben
she went to New York on shopping
excursions and such things. She had
a lew convulsions in thc last two
years, and those were not violent.
"At 7.110 In thc morning a maid
went to her room to see why she did
not como down to breakfast, and
found her in the bath tub drowned.
It means tbat she had a convulsion
and could not get out. She had
been leading a very active lite. Sho
spent the greater part ot her Hie
looking alter the larm which I
bought tor her, aod she did much ol
my secretary work.
"Thc night belore she and I chatted
later than usual in the library, and
she told mc of all her plans about
housekeeping, for sbe was also my
housekeeper. I said I thought I
would make another trip to Bermuda
in Fcnruary, and she said to put lt
oil to March and she would go with
"But she is gone, poor child.    She
was all I had lett except Clara, who
married Mr. Gabrilowltch lately, and
has just arrived In Europe."
The peculiar properties ol Chamberlain's Cointh Remedy have been
thoroughly tested during epidemics of
Influenza, and when it was taken In
time wo have not heard ol a single
case nl pneumonia. Sold hy all
drueeists and dealers.
LOST-A roll of blankets in canvas
cover; name on cover; also one Pope
Newcastle-on-Tvne gun. 18 base, central nre, rebounding locks. Liberal
reward wlll be paid lor return of
same to Herald offlee.    Chai.   Wat-
Announcement that the Dominion
government has purchased a cruiser
ot the Apollo class Ior a training
ship has been officially confirmed.
Thc vessel, which will constitute
the nucleus ol the Canadian fleet, is
the second-class twin-screw cruiser
Rainbow, which wilt be purchased
outright by the Canadian government
and not borrowed. The Rainbow is
now undergoing alterations and repairs in one ol the admiralty dockyards, and will cross tlie Atlantic
during thc early spring or summer
months manned by a complement of
British officers anil a skeleton British
As llu- full complement of ofllcors
and men for the Rainbow is only
272 this one vessel will not give any
great scope for the training of Canadian seamen, hut 11 will la- enough
lor a start.
Thc government is negotiating lor
a second and larger ship to lie sent
to Canada a little later un. With
two training ships in commission it
is expected that it will be possible to
turn out Canadian seamen nt a lair*
ly rapid rate to man the vessels ol
the Canadian navy as they arc completed.
The Rainbow when constructed
cost $920,000. The amount which
the government will pay to thc admiralty has not been divulged and
will possibly not be announced until
the estimate is brought down in thc
house ol commons. Some ol thc
details as to the Appollo class of
cruisers to which Rainbow belongs
aro as tollows:
Tonnage, 3100; indicated horsepower, 700-0; lorced draft, 0000;
length, 380 feet; beam, 43 feet;
draft, 16.6; armor in gun division,
4J inches; speed, 20 knots; coal
supply, 4000 tons. Thc armament of
the Rainbow is two 6-inch guns, six
4.7 guns, eight 0-pounders, one 3-
poundcr, and lour torpedo tubes.
The Rainbow is constructed of
steel. It has not been definitely decided whether the Rainbow will be
placed on thc Atlantic or the Pacific
The new king ol Belgium is Prince
Albert, Leopold's nephew. A Brussels cablegram says; "Prince Albert
is one ol the most popular members
ol thc rcighlng house of Belgium.
His wile is equally popular, tlieir
home life being sucb as to attract
the admiration and love of the
people. Prince Albert has traveled
extensively, and is a man ol aliairs,
In appearance, he is strikingly like
the late king, but their dispositions
and temperaments have always been
in marked contrast. Prince Albert
has been a great student of politics,
and economies, and has frequently
lectured on these subjects in public.
To broaden bis grasp of thc affairs of
the world, he visited thc United
States and other countries, always
studying and always adding to his
store of knowledge and philosophy.
There ls another sido to the new
king, which applies to popular lancy.
He dearly loves clean and healthy
sports. He is an accomplished
horseman, enjoys motoring and has
taken a flight or two in a dirigible
balloon. In his intercourse with
others he is most gracious. His*
Irank, good-natured face bespeaks intelligence and invites confidence.
Democratic in his tastes and manners he is, nevertheless, a man of
firm decision and kindly .dignity. While
always conspicuous before thc public
on account ot the nature of his private lile, particularly In recent years,
the late King lipoid latterly had
much ol thc world against him on
account ol his attitude towards the
Congo independent state. Ills great
interest, lay in tho development ol
that country, for ho was practically
thc founder ol it, and was its ruling
sovereign. The Congo Free State,
in Western Africa, was rccngni7.ed
and defined by thc conlerence ol European powers at Berlin In 1885. It
was the successor ol thc International Alrican association established by
Leopold, and organized by Stanley.
In that year Lcipold was constituted
as sovereign. By will dated August
2, 1889, Leopold bequeathed to Belgium thc right to annex thc Congo
state alter a period ol ten years.
Thc conduct ol thc governor ol that
state resulted In a fierce dispute of
world-wide dimensions, and a demand that a concert ol European
powers interpose In thc alleged Interest ol humanity. On November 15,
1908, Belgium formally assumed control ol the state and since then el-
forts at reform have been Inaugurated, but not carried out in an entirely
satisfactory manner. Criticisms
against King Leopold In this connection are said to have shattered the
buoyant spirits of the sovereign."
Imperial Bank of Canada
RESERVE      -
I). R. WILKIE. President.
Accounts   of   Corporations,   Municipalities,
Farmers ami Private individuals invited.
Drafts nml Letters of Credit issued available in any part of
tho world.
SAVINtiS DEPARTMENT- Special attention
givon to Savings Hunk Aoootints. Deposita of $1.(10 and
upwards received mid interest allowed from date of deposit.
: j Cranbrook Branch»J. F. M. PINKHAM, Mgr.
Christmas has gone
Hut 1 am hero wilh a full etook uf
fnrtlio Xmas Triuli-. A look at my window will convince you
that I havo tho stock to Beleut from, hut there aro many ot'ht-r
lines iii Htiu*k to choose fnun as well.
riutz Extra and Schlitz Beer
Dawson's and Corby's Whiskeys
And Melcher's Red Cross Oin
always ia stock. Fell line of Glasses and Bar Fixtures
TO RENT—Two suites of front
rooms over Godderis' barber shop.
Enquire of the chef at the Manitoba
hotel. 44-3t
B. H. Short has opened a Untie* class carriage paint shop. 44
P. O. BOX j
P. BURNS ® CO., Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail
Meat   Merchants
Wo linve just received n line lot of Eastern fresh killed
poultry, good enough to please anybody. We nre also
receiving a fresh shipment of Shell Oysters, Crabs and
Lobsters for Christmas and New Vear.
********************** **********************
to all our numerous friends, nnd may the coming
year be one of unexampled prosperity both for
them uml us.
by goitig to
P.   WOODS  &   CO.
FOI!  VOU 11
********************** **********************
w w-w ww^
Loose Leaf Binders
Mall Orders Promptly Attended To
H. E. CONNOLLV, Bu.lnt.«.Mlo.[tr
TeleibMi Ne II
************* THE   CRANBROOK   HEUALD
Voi\< Qf\KfV!
"*W . IWtio- dtotAwt
Oa* <hMMrtMitti<i..
\fr* tjfansstnati*.®-'
>M*r b.OM, jUn o-h« Dftt-y
I.uilii'H' anil OlitUlron'H to bo Imd nt.
Gentloinon's mu boobtnliiod »i
Pink Mercantile Co.'s Store
Does Not
Get Dull
A NEW ONE li it does
Rti'lm fmm lit*r Euro-
I "'ii ii and .in i mn grower*
Home'(irowii fruit nnd
11 ni nm i'li fill tn'i-s
Garden, Field mnl Flower SrariH
Wire FenHnir ninl Ontett
SprttylnfflMntcrtttlB, Hen
176 PuffeOiitnlogtie Free
3010 We-tintintti-r'Ri
President : T. S. Oili.
■Seeretnry: Giorcb Asiiwoutu
| For information regarding lantlfl ]
, anil agriculture apply to the ■
i Secretary, Cranbrook, H. C.
: Old Curiosity f
JOSEPH  II.   MclEAN,   Proprietor
Dealer in
All Classes oi Secondhand (ioods
Furniture of All Kinds, liotli   ?
New mnl BoCond-hnnd I
Sage's Old Stand, Han-  t
son Avenue ♦
'.', Tliiil.i'ii.linBl'*i*iiilsl,ii*i* o
:: ,     ::
i Wo wish mir many KriiMiils ' ►
! ami Oustoiners n vory Happy < >
j ' anil Pros porous   New Y.-nr. J \
:: ::
i'    HUGH STEWART   j;
li ■ '
i , i'bone "ft     ■     Armstrong Ave. ' '
Nelson's Lending Hotel
Kooihh witb Baths,   'I'bone in
every room
Barber Nltnpmi tbo preinin«B.
Thoroughly up-to-date.
Rates, $2.00 a day and up.
OBO. P. WELLS, Proprietor
B. TOMKIN, Manager
hit* mnvnl hln LAUNDRY
next to tho Siiriitojin Ib'Htimr-
mit, Vnn Home Ntiwt, wliern
imtrntin m«ty lmiv-a their laundry, nml whern nil liimiiimN will
Im limit'.   IIi-h| Laundry In II.''.
Louue and Van Home Streets
/ \
Ask for Halcyon LITHIA WATEK
For lamily use there iB nothing
so wholesome and so pure as
Contractor and Builder
If you uro inti-oiling to do any
building, yon oat) make money
hy nonsuiting with me.
Geo. R. Leask & Co
Our work is our advertisement, but w.
put this ad in the Herald to
emphasise It.
Near Lower Armstrong Avenue
Waldo,  B.C.
PAUL HT. JOHN, Proprietor
South-east Kootenay's Great
Hummer Resort
Juat tbe place to 8pend a few
days' vacation
Bar stocked witb tbe beat
Dining service first-class
Comfortable Rooms
X I'IIONI-;no. P.O. Boi 807
' The Finest Drivers
Up-to-date Rigs
Oood Saddle Horses
, Proprietor    -    ORANBROOK, B.C.
Thi; Export Crown and
Bridge Worker
om**i.s over Mr. Short's Wall
Paper Storo
Armstrong Ave., Cranbrook
■ i
'<:   The Man who Shaves
will shave there
WHAT'S TIIK USB of thin peMJmii
tii' worry?
When in order directed to un
Will Hurnreyou ynur help In a hurry, ,
And Have nil thin nperilesa fui».
It'« phono (lit, Ornnbrooki
Ynu can phone, write, win, or nail:
In M>lortinn of labor, we're nlwaye
i| Inn-rent,
And guurntitpe salinfliction
Cranbrook Employment
•T. Armour, Proprietor
Provenzano & Sacco
General Merchants
Employment Agents
CRANBROOK    •     B. C.
P. tf. IMIM HUM 144
** *
Mr and Mrs. John I'earce, ol Al-
vorton Lodge, Penzance, who have
just celebrated their diamond wedding have received telegrams ol congratulation trom the King and thc
Prince ol Wales.
An official return issued on Tuesday shows that the total amount in
thc post office savings hanks on December Ith last was £24,082,978, as
compared with $23,031,188 on the
corresponding date ol last year.
Dalliol College, Oxford, will "H«
next vear an eihibition of £80 a
year, tenable for two years, for competition among students recommended by the leading trade unions operating in Newcastle, provided lhat thr*
income ol thc candidate is supplemented trom external sources.
News has been brought to Portsmouth ol a record run by the Seventh
Submarine Flotilla Irom Portsmouth
to Dundee. The flotilla consisted of
ten submarines of tbe "C" class, escorted by tbe parent ship Vulcan,
thc scout Forward and the destroyer
Wizard. The entire distance ol 512
miles was covered In fifty-six hours
in rough weather, at an average
speed ol 9.8 knots. There was a delay of an hour and a hall while the
Vulcan took C 28 in tow througb a
slight disablement.
Matters in the neighborhood oi thc
London docks have assumed a gloomy
aspect. The Rev. L. S. Wain-
wright, vicar of St. Peter's, and
chairman ol the Stepney distress
committee, speaking at the Orosve-
nor Hall, Buckingham Palace road,
said the distress this year was
greater than last year. Since thc
timo ol the great dock strike many
years ago the conditions in thc
Bast End had been going Irom bad
to worse, and ol late years unemployment figures had been going up
by leaps and bounds. Nobody could
really loresee how it all would end
or how much longer the people
would last out without breaking into
open rebellion. 'At Stepney since
the register opened at the end ol
September there had been 1,330 applications tor work Irom men and
thirty irom women. OI these 256
men were today at work, and since
tho opening ol thc register 321 had
been lound employment through the
local distress committee. Those
figures did not represent the full extent ol the poverty, because scores
of men, tired ot applying without s
possibility of securing work, now refused to sign thc register. Cupboards were bare, and men, women
and children new looked so hungry.
In times gone by the district had recovered Irom periods oi depression,
but ol late this had been impossible.
Many strong men and women had
gone to their graves before their
time through starvation, and many
were still going to their graves from
the same cause.
With thc New Year children's
courts will become part of the established order in London. A
cent "Gazette" announced that thc
King, with tbe advice ot his privy
council, had ordered that they
should be established at six metro
politan police courts on January 1
in accordance with the Children Act
The courts and the divisions assigned to them are as follows:
How street.—Bow street and Marlborough street police courts.
Clcrkcnwell. — Clerkenwell and
Marylehone police courts.
Tower Bridge.—Tower Bridge and
Lambeth police courts.
Westminster.—Westminster, South
Western and West London police
Old street.—Old street, Thames,
and North London police courts.
Greenwich.—Greenwich and Woolwich police courts.
Thc children's courts will not be
held in court rooms in which ordinary sittings ol police courts are held,
but in other rooms suitable Ior the
Sittings will be held on Tuesdays
and Fridays in each week at two
o'clock in the alternoon. Tbey will
he presided over by magistrates appointed for thc metropolitan police
Children's courts have already been
held In the city, and there are separate courts tor children at Bath,
Birmingham, Bolton, Bradford, Bury,
Canterbury, Halifax, Hull, Lincoln,
Manchester and Walsall, while It is
sometimes found possible to lorm a
second court at Burnley.
Mr. Alfred Butt, manager of thc
Palace theatre, has succeeded in
prevailing on Lady Constance Stew-
a'rt-Hichardson to appear at his
house lor a month, commencing In
the second week ol January. Lady
Constance is no tyro. She has the
reputation ol being one of the best
amateur classical dancers in England, and Is, besides, a noted traveler, an excellent horsewoman, a dead
shot, and a champion swimmer. During her engagement Lady Stewart-
Richardson will appear at every performance in a series ol classical
dances, snd    will Introduce musical
compositions for this purpose which
have not hitherto been Interrupted by
dancing. In all l»*r dances she will
ir a costumo ol a Greek si \ li-.
Last winter .Lady Constance created
a furore in New Vork by interpretations "f Mendelssohn's "Spring
Sung" ami Rubinstein's melody in
K, pivon before drawing room audiences, and her success there lias hail
much to do with her intention to appear in public in London To a
press representative Lady Constance
talked about Iier new venture.
'Vnu think, perhaps, that I am
about  to     make this daring experl-
roally, I ce
ment for ai
sake. Well
it is not s".
Tho Ian js I think mi
educating lu>\ s is    all wr
1 should say. I
is to train tlu* bo
by athletics ami ga
to develop his men
neglect llu* holly.
U-ntion ought In In*
r I'M'iteini ut ;
,*n syslen
s physics
u-s, Uie **
a) qtialitl
I think e
given    to
and physical training, ami in test
my plan I waul funds to establish a
school for a few* boys. I am very
practical, you seo.     I always am,
I am sometimes asked to talk or
write about athletics, and, perhaps,
I sometimes surprise people hy saying I wnuld prefer to show what I
can do. There is a good deal of
misconception about athletics. The
opinion that an athletic girl must
have a large waist is wrong.
Dancing is one of the many forms
of athleticism, and, in my opinion,
intelligently taught dancing has a
good mental influence. I am not at
all confident that I can please an
audience with my dances, ami I assure you 1 contemplate my public
appearance in a very humble frame of
It is sometimes a handicap to
have 'a handle to one's name.' If*we
do nothing useful thc public think
it is because we cannot. If we do
try to be useful wc are, as likely as
not, leaving ourselves open to he
Lady Constance Stewart-Richardson, who, before her marriage in
190*1 to Sir Edward Stewart-ltich-
ardsnn, fifteenth bolder ol the title,
was Lady Constance Mackenzie, is a
daughter of the late Lord t'roinartie
and a granddaughter ol Anne Duchess
ol Sutherland. Her sister succeeded
to their lather's title—there being no
brothel—and is Countess of Cromar-
Rambling Reveries
How Gold Dredges Get the Gold
Tlie deep hilll nn-.I ni^ed moUtttiitU "f the Khmtlilte retail Rive I
rise to numbeili:s! *:nall tUcami, which become tram lime to lime
with the melting ol llie mows -ll,c doiidhuitti and heavy taini lo j
which lhe country ii uibjccl—raging 1-jiient:.
The piindi.ii; nf the glucieil end the UOUOO of llirw turbulent  j
Itreatni bring down rocb, und and gravel from lhc mountain depths
and fastnesses where man has never vel penetrated.
in a region whete Ied:;cs ol Gold-bearing Quartz arc a prominent
feature in the (otmalion, it b natural ihal (hoe forcetol Nature should I
tear away quanfiliet of exceedingly rich Material.
Thii protcr* has been going on lor age*. The hidden slorci ol !
Cold away in l!ic lulls etc inexhaustible.
Thc rush ol the torrent! is in im-jetuoua lhat even boulders of l
considerable tan are bome in lhe;r course, and only when Nature
hat E|>cnt herself do they fin'l a rettin.1 pi ice.
The broad creeki   ihe wiJei reaches of lhe river—ouiet the .
itteam, and the Gold, in thc fotm of nuggett, grains and flakes,
rapidly icilles.    Gold is very heavy -heavier lhan the rock itself, and ;
ence il finds D retting place, n':* down through the lighi surface mud
md i.ind iiiiiii, by force of Gravity, it rev-het bed rock.
Where the COUMCI nf Cicaini have been changed, ihcricheit Placer
Mines are found i-i llieir old beds. Hut in lie Urjcr. constant tlreams,
Ihcte rich deposits are beyond llie reach of merely human ogenciet.
It remains for lhc CU Dredge following lhc heavy nugget! I
ond particles of Gold down through lhe overlying ilrata in the ban ;
nnd benches of the river, lo recover these storct of Gold from the ■
I rea sure-house uf NalUie
I he long anus of lhe Dredge, with their endless chains of bucket i
teoopi. leatch down, down    through tixly feet ol water, tand and
gravel. If need be—until the Gold Btfimenl. and finally bed rock ittclf, j
often overlaid with an actual coverlet of pure Gold—lhe hoarded
accumulation "I centuries -is reached,
I he Gold DreJ;;e brings up ihis material in wholetalc quantitict j
—treats it wilh icicnliRc accuracy lo   save   the   finest   parliclct  of
Value -teparalei Ihe frost—and for the first lime layt bare lo lhe hand
ol man thii Virgin Gold.
While pertonally present on our property at Stewart River,
Yukon Terrjlory, Klondike, September Ut, I uw with my own
eyet a clean-up from our first and imnllei dredge, nclling $$17.50.
and thii wai preceded only a few dayt hy another clean-up from
tlie tame dredge amounting to $1263.86 in Gold. I taw lliii Gold.
Gathered Irom the gold-tiving tablet of our Dredge, moulded into
bullion—a io|id bar of Gold.
With tuch result) in tight, We arc bending cmy effort to get twenty
of tittle mammoth Dredges nl work on our properly. Thiiiummer.
our iccond dredge went on-larger and iliongei than thc firtl-and it
already at work.
We control by direel lease from llie Canadian Government. One
Hundred and Five (103) miles of Drcdgable Gravel on lhe Stewart
River, eighty miles from Dawson City, in thc Klondike. We have
te/-d the gravel thoroughly with Drills, and it hat been proven rich
throushout. At a mailer of fact, thc tile of our holdings wai recognized,
even before the Gold Rush in I89d. lo be rich in Gold-it is a
matler of public record that thc Gold is there -hut so located as to be
difficult to oblain by any hand method. And Fifty dredges could
nol exhausl this area in a Hundred yean.
Wilh a proposinon so rich, lhc payment of diviJends and the
continued work of development can easily go land in lunJ.
To hurry this work of development now, wc are markc.ing Treas-
i' Stock i
1 'jriipnny
Three ihousand stockholders, manv of
ihem well-known in lhc Canadian country, ate already on our books.
This necetsity for Capital-a  Dredge costs upwards of $100,0(30
-furnishes your opportunity to participate in a wooderfully rich venture.
Our Company it formed of the pick of broad-min Jed business men
Governor Ogifvie, of the Yukon Territory -knownand respected by
thc whole Canadian country, al iu head. It ii economically managed,
with no salaried officials, no Bonds, and no Preferred Stock.
But the whole itory is told in our illustrated Prospectus. The
Coupon will bring il to you. The supply ii limited. Fill oul aod
mail the Coupon to-div.
Gold Dredges on making millions.
Yukon Basin Gold Dredging Co.,
G. W. Clnwion, Treas. .:v scnd
"..:.-::.:£ ::-re*
r.:.;. your la rgi
649 Somerset BuilJin .
. '■'•''' ■ ■'■"'■ '"'•' >'-'J
Winnipeg, -''■*-.-'' ■ ■ ■   ■ ^■■'^'"■■'■"■t*
. trs . .■ ': turn n-a;!.    It is
Can&da understOOti :V:-:.■■::•••:.• o-^eation
ivhtitever.: making :h.s rtevest.
That i.s tho reason for a happy   Now
Year's day.
As you turn tlio cornet into iho
Now Vour, look back a minute over
the road you have boon traveling tho
past year. H scorned a long way
when you started mil, hut it lias
heen traversed ut last. Hoc the line
of that road ever winding on, while
twisting here and there. Do you remember that buggy place into which
you strayed? How you promised
yourself in your heller momcuts, "1
will turn over a new leaf." Have
you been true to yourself'.' If not,
OIIC0 mote before you step out into
pure   New   Year, renew     your
Over the sorrow and over the bliss
Over the teardrop, over the kiss,
Over  the    crimes that blotted   and
Over the wound of the angry word,
Over the deeds In weakness done,
Over the battles lost and won,
Now at the end of the (lying year,
Year    that tomorrow     will not he
Over our freedom, over thralls,
In    the dark and    the midnight the
curtain falls.
Over our gain and over our loss,
Over our crown and over our cross,
Over the fret of our discontent,
Over the ills that we never meant,
Over the scars of our self-denial,
Over the    strength     that conquered
Now in the end of the flying year, ,
Year   that     tomorrow     will not he
Quietly linal, the prompter calls;
Over it swiftly the curtain falls.
Over the crowds and the solitudes,
Over the shifting, hurrying moods,
Over thc hearths where bright flames
Over   the   cribs    where   the babies
Over the clamor, over the strife,
Over the pageantry of life,
Now in the end of the flying year,
Year that tomorrow will not be here,
Swiftly and surely, from starry walls
Silently downwards the curtain falls.
Delight and pathos are inextricably
mingled with the thought of New
Year's day. It is only a conventional point of time; any other would
do as well. Every day closes an
old year and begins a new one, hut
for all that wc cannot help feeling
that this day, which is agreed upon
throughout Christendom for thc beginning of the new year, is simewhat
unique. The pathos comes from the
review of thc past, and from thc
sense that another notch has heen
cut for us on the stick of time.
Tlie delight arises from the anticipation of the new and better experiences of the year to come. What
interest any rationnl person could
have in having his fortune told
mystery. The zest and charm of
life consist largely in the fact that
each day is like a new page in the
story. If you wish to enjoy your
book you do not, when it is half-
read, turn to the closing chapter to
discover how it turns out. Ynu
do not thank anyone for telling you
the plot. It is so with life. There
is infinite satisfaction in each day's
contribution to the record. You dn
not want to anticipate it. It would
be a curse if anyone could tell ynu
just what the year would bring. It
is just as reasonable lo suppose that
the year will he huppy as sad. Who
can tell? Who can control that?
Are   we not  in the   hands ot (Iod?
promises to your hetter natures.
Don't stray, but linger near the
pleasant outlooks, keep near the
bits of high ground where you breath
purer air and cau see afar oil
Heaven's high hills of blue, make
the motive pure work fur the object.
Ile diligent in seeking better ways
and in twelve more short months,
take another retrospective glance and
sec how much pleased you will he
with yourself, how mueh more of
goodness aud genuine worth this
world will seem to possess.
If you would increase your happiness and prolong your life, forget
your neighbor's faults, Forget all
the slander you have ever heard. Forget the temptations. Forget the
fault finding, and give a little
thought to the cause wliich provoked
it. Forget the peculiarities of your
friends, and only remember the good
points which make you fond of them.
Forget all personal quarrels or histories you may have heard by accident, and which, if repeated, would
seem a thousand times worse than
they are. Blot out as far as possible all thc disagreeables of life;
they will come, hut will only grow-
larger when you remember them and
the constant thought of tlie acts of
meanness, or, worse still, malice
only tend to make you more familiar
with them. Obliterate everything
disagreeable from yesterday, start
out with a clean sheet loday, anil
write upon it for sweet memory's
sake only those things which are
lovely and lovable.
How time flies! Hear wc are
again with our cheery greeting!
good to the New Year, boys and
Happy Sew Year! And we must be
girls of the home circle. We musl
teach it to abominate everv sort ut
cruelty, and to love its fellow men
We must make it grow in grace, wisdom and good works. We must
stand by it if it falls Into trouble,
and we must keep puce with it when
it grows well. No lagging behind
these times, dear young poople, Be
brave, true, progressive, and thus
may the New Year to you hn fruitful
and happy all the year
or altogether worthless hecause ot
Indcflnitoitoss. Lot us deal honestly
and reverently with liim whom we
servo.    Vow uud paj.
| It is pleasant in thoso turns t..
I hear of occurrences that show the
! bettor side of lui umn nature It is
not worth while to hate any one
Lite is too short to cherish ill-will or
hard thoughts. What if that man
has cheated you'.' or that woman
played you false? or some friend for-
iiken you.' Let it all pass. What
difference will it make to you ui a
few yeurs, when you go hence to that
undiscovered country. All whu treat
you wrong will he more sorry for It
tliuu ynu in ynur deepest grief A
few more smiles, a few more tears,
some pleasure, much pain, a little
hurrying and worrying In the world,
some hasty greetings and abrupt
farewells and life will be over, and
injurer and injured will be laid away
and forgotten. Jt is not worth
while to hate each other. This is
our advice, and like salvation it's
free.    Try it during 1910.
I iu;si KM" l.n: UB -Na ao
Cranbrook, B. C.
[Meets every     Tuesdav ;it S p.m.    al
, Fraternity Hall.
George T. Smith. 0. C.
.1. L. Walker, K. ol R. & S.
Visiting   brethren   cordially invite*
I to attend.
I.O.n.F.     hc» CH) U4|t
, ^o   42. Jleets everR
W»2^^   Ifooday    night    al
New     Fraternity    Hall.      Sojounn
Ing Oddfellows cordially  Invited.
C. K. Ward. Vi. s. Hall,
N. G. Sec'y,
trtnDrnuk Lodje, No.14
V F. A A.M.
It is because nearly all of us live [
on hope,     because   we are mentally
sustained by expectations, that New
Year's) is always welcome.    It is the |
the    one  day of the twelve-month—I
Christmas is    chiefly   for   children—
thut    appeals most to men and women.    Much of its attractiveness de- [
pends, for the multitude, on its nomi-j
nal newness.        We are all familiar
and    weary with the old.       We are
ever    sighing for    the new,    which
seems as if it would bring a chanee
of mind and condition.     New Year's
is not a whit newer for its name, as
every one    who thinks fnr a moment
is aware, but names are potent, more
potent often than things.
There is activity fn and around
Elko, logging camps in every corner,
trappers on every creek, locating engineers for several railroads, according to the Fernie Free I'ress.
The merchants are making more
money than the Standard Oil company. The hotel men expect to
jump into thc millionaire class ahout
■lanuary 5th, according to Hoyle.
Everybody is busy and happy and
friendly as hogs on a cold day. But
the J. I'.'s are hard on chicken
thieves and repeaters.
P.eKUUi   fiptfltnjl (4
\     Ut third    Thurtdaj
oi  f.f.y  moetk.
Visiting Hrett.ea welcomed,
W. H. Wilson, W. M.
E. W. Connolly, secretary.
Cranbrook Aerie  967
No. 19.
Meets every second   and fourth Wednesday at Fraternity Hall.
Sojourning Rebekahs   cordially invited.
L. M. Tannhauser, N. G.
Mae Chapman, Secretary.
The hest of all gifts at the present
time js yourself. Make yourself in
some way more pleasant and helpful
tn others. Vou may have heen neglectful of them; he mindful henceforth. You may he quick in temper j year, based
and have spoken hastily; put on restraint and speak kindly now. lie-
strain all evil habits aud make'yourself a joy and a help to others. They
will bless you.
It has been estimated by the finance officers of the Canadian Pacific
railway that thc gross revenue ol
the system f*>i tho calendar year
would amount to (100,000,000, nr
about t.V,000,000 in excess of the revenue of the Dominion for the current fiscal year, which was estimated by Mr. Fielding In his budget
speech al $05,000,000. This estimate, while nnly approximate, since
thc year is not ended, is based on
the earnings to date, with the probable takings fnr the balance of the
last year's, figures.
Our resolutions for the New Year
should be definite and specific. Do
not say simply that you will be
more liberal, but say just how liberal
you will be. Do not sny thnt you
will be more faithful, hut say just
what duties, neglected in tho past,
you will engage to perform In the future. Dn not promise lhat you will
give more of your time to thn service
of the master, but decide upon the
proportion of your time wliich you
will give,     A promise may he almost
I The earnings published monthly
elude the railway system, with the
lake steamships, but not the takings
of the Atlantic and Pacific S'teani-
ships, and the hotel system. The
earnings as shown will amount to
$85,000,000 by the end of the year,
nnd when to this is added Ihe gross
takings of the two ocean steamship
services, hotels and telegraphs, it is
estimated thai thc takings will
equal *Hio,ooo,ooo.
A sign of the confidence of the
British people In the railway is
sliown hy the fact that although
payments on tho recent issue of
$30,000,000 slock are not du- until
January, large sums are nl ready
pouring in from thn old country.
Meet every   Friday     evening at S
.m., in Carmen's Hall.
F. Vi. Reeves, W. P.
Wm. Anderson, Secretary,
Vl^ting tirethren cordially invited.
Meet at B. of L. F. Hall inti   and
4th Saturday eacn month.
Visiting hn't.'.rn always welcome
Abel Horaman, W. M.
Joe. Wallace, Secretary.
Meets First and Third Wednesday of
each month in Carmen's Hall.
Visiting   friends   cordially invited.
E. W. Connolly, Jj. (.'utnming,
C. C. Recorder.
Presbyterian Church i:
Sunday morning service at 11
Sundav    evening     service   at
7.30 o'clock
Sunday      School   and     Bible
Class at .'I o'clock
Presbyterian    Guild, Tuesday,
at 8 o'clock
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦** i
; Baptist Cburcbjj
Pastnr, Charles W. King.
, ', Parsonage, Norbury Avenue,
i > 'Phone, 28-1.      P. O, Box 267.
Regular Services:—Sunday, U
a.m. and 7.-S0 p.m.; Bible
School with Voung Ladies'
Phllethea and Young Mea'i
Bible Class, 3 p.m.
Wednesday, Mui-Week Meeting^
Friday, Young Peoples', 8
A cordial Christian welcome
i iiiiiuiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimnm
4 ttwW       mm  i i   '__*     (Ld i  1  ¥ w\\_  ►
Baker Street,
Wc hope Your Christmas was a very merry one and
we wish You a very Happy New Year.
The coming year from all indications, promises to be a
most prosperous one to the good people of British Columbia,
especially those of Sooth-east Kootenay, and we hope You will
will receive a goodly portion  of  all  the   good things  going.
We have always tried to conduct our business in an honest,
fair and impartial way It has always been our aim to sell only
the best goods at the lowest possible prices, and we believe our
efforts have not proven fruitless as our business lias increased far
beyond our expectations.
We know if you prosper we will also, so long as we conduct
our business along the same lines as in the past. We have several
changes in view which will, to a great extent, improve our system.
We thank you for your patronage during the past year and years,
and we hope that our way of doing business will merit your
further consideration.
Every member ot the firm and every
member of the Staff joins in wishing
you a very Happy and Prosperous
New  Year. w
On December 10 Right Hon. A. J-
Balfour, M.P., was oilicially nominated, along with Sir Frederick Bun-
bury, M.P., to contest the city ol
London in the Unionist interest. After his defeat at East Manchester in
1906, Mr. Ballour found a sale seat
in the city of London, Sir Edward
Clarke retiring in the ex-premier's
favor. It is hardly likely that Mr,
Balfour will ever again have to
cast about Ior a safe seat, as
the city always goes Conservative,
whatever the rest of Kiiglanil may be
doing. No Liberal candidates have
as yet heen nominated ami it is not
probable that there will he a roll-
test. H was Iu IH-1H that Mr. Ballour first saw the light nml like
most Hritish prime ministers he is a
Scot. Eaton and Trinity college,
Cambridge, gave hint his education.
Though Mr. Halfour entered parliament at six ami twenty, he did so,
it lias heen said, less to please himself than to please his uiii-le, the late
Lord Salisbury. Mr. Balfour's
mother being Lady Blanche (lus-
coigne Cecil, Lord Salisbury's second
daughter. Certainly he was in no
hurry to address the house, uml
when he did make his maiden
speech it was ahout nothing more
palpitating than bimetallism. He
passed for a dilettante—with a profound contempt for newspapers—and
although he went to the Berlin conference as his uncle's private secretary, acted with the little band of
the "Fourth Party," nnd was president of the local government board
in 1885', nobody took him any more
seriously as a possible force In politics than lie seemed to take himself.
In fact, he was hetter known tor his
"Defence of Philosophic Doubt" than
for anything else.
But there was a revolution coming:
Mr. Balfour became Irish secretary.
Great was thc Joy—not unmixed with
amusement—of thc Nationalists.
"What? Clara? We'll soon make
short work of him!" But they
didn't know their man. Thc tables
were speedily turned, and it was
"Clara" and his crimes act that
very soon became notorious. Thc
Irish members rechristened him "Thc
Tiger Lily," but Mr. Balfour maintained thc reputation he had won as
one of the strongest Irish secretaries
of modern times.
With the return of Gladstone to
power, there came an interval of
comparative leisure, with a return
to literary work, thc principal outcome of which was his second
metaphysical book, "The Foundations of Belief." Hut all the time
(in fact sinee 1801), Mr. Halfour led
his party in the commons, and led it
in a style that was peculiarly his
own, a style which has great qualities and, at the same time, is not
exempt from the defects of those
He always leads like a gentleman;
he .Is thc most personally popular
man at Westminster; his loyalty to
his colleagues is almost proverbial,
and there is nothing liner to he seen
in thc parliamentary arena than his
occasional defence of one of iheir
number. Then tho high plane on
which, intellectually, he lives nnd
moves cannot fail to raise the lone
of any society in which he plays a
prominent part. In short. Mr. Hal-
four's leading has ever hern done in
the grand manner, But, it must bo
confessed that In one sense ho luis
never risen, either as leader ol the
opp.fvyv.tt o. hk prime minuter, to
t*e height of the reputation he made
ior himself ju the Irish days—anil
the Irish nights, After this ttlsplftj
of energy he has relapsed to some
extent into his old habit nf political
dilettantism, He is professedly "a
child in ihese matters."
One of the features of the political
situation in Great Britain during recent years Ims heen the clever fencing
of Mr. Balfour on the question of
tariff reform. Writing to Mr. Chamberlain on February IS, inn:, Mr.
Halfour gave the tniiO reformers
great hopes of his conversion, for he
wrote in part:
"Fiscal reform is nnd must remain
the Orst constructive work nf the
Unionist parly." Mr. Balfour tie
preeated as inexpedient nny Immediate formulation of the precise nielli
ods to he employed, but held llml,
"though other means may -he possible," the establishment ni"n
moderate tnrirT on manufactured
goodR ••• nml n small duty on corn
•M should he adopted II shown (o he
necesRnry for the attainment of the
ends in view, or for purposes of revenue."
As a matter of fact, it fs only
during the past few months that
Mr. Balfour's nosltfon hns heen considered satisfactory. Att!ioiiEh he is
today the leader of the tnrilT reform
party of the United Kincdom, he can
hardly he said to supply the cause
with much of Its enthusiasm and motive power.
k The Sisters of the St. Eugene
£spital wish to thank the numerous
lends who remembered them by
%dlng presents to the institution at
^jstmas time.
Sister Vincent Superior.
iRajah, New Year's night    by
^t company en tour.
To the humble "heroes" the
Omaha World-Herald pays this fine
tribute: "The ranks ol the poor and
lowly furnish many heroes. The
selfishness that creeps into men's
souls when they spend their lives in
the pursuit of money and power, prevent them from responding as quickly
when there is a life to save, and a
lite to lose,   possibly, in the   saving
f it, ns the poor devil who has nothing else hut his life to lose. An outcast lived in an Iowa town who had a
bad namo because he was shiftless,
and was generally thought to be
worthless, though no one knew anything really bud about him. One day
a lire started up in the hellry of the
town church. No oue among thc
village dromon ventured to go aloft
ami battle the (lames. Out from
Ihe crowd came a mini who climtted
into lhe steeple aud fought the Ore
successfully, but he breathed so mueh
smoke and flame up there near the
hell, lhat he fell to the ground u
iilackeiieil corpse, ll was the village
'good fnr nothing.' It took a crisis
to show the llbre of bis soul aud reveal his character as it was, und
everybody turned out to do him
honor when they laid him in his
grave. Iu Omahu two men who
were prisoners because of minor offenses, and, who were allowed to do
the work of 'trusties,1 risked their
lives iu pulling an officer from a
fierce gasoline tire. They were at
once set free. Tho terrible mine
disaster at Sherry, III., brought out
its heroes, and they were of the lowly, who digged in the bowels of thc
earth and for a pittance. Among
thc few who were brought up above
from that furnace ot (ire and smoke
aud black damp and death, was a
miner who had to be restrained by
force from going back into the mine,
nearly dead as he was, to help rescue his comrades who were thought
lo be still living. And what a
story is told in the diary found on
young Samuel Howard down in the
drifts with thc other dead. His
chief regret was that his little brother could not escape from the mine
so us 'to help mother when I am
dead and gone.' He scribbled on
pieces of paper with a lead pencil a
heart-rending record of days of horror in that awful tomb. He tells
of seeing his dead comrades lying
ahout him, and of his futile efforts to
help himself and others. In a few
simple words he reveals a love romance that wrings the human heart.
It is one ot the last requests he
makes of the living and is a voice
from thc tomb: 'If I am dead give
my diamond ring to Mamie Robinson;
it is coming at the post office.'
Soon after he ceases to write and is
dead. Another hero is added to the
long list of heroes that have come
from Ihe ranks of thc humble and the
The London Financier devotes a
good deal of intelligent interest to
Canada and in a recent issue considerable space is devoted to a review
nf Canadian affairs during the past
year aud a (orecast of the coming
year.     The Financier says:
"Tlie nearer we apprnoch the end
nf 1-000, the stronger is the accumulated evidence   that the ensuing
ear will he one of vigorous revival
in Canada. The Dominion has had
the advantage of a bountiful grain
harvest, whieh means so much in
any country, but what is specially
Important in Canada, and the agri-
nil t hums are in an exceptionally
good position, able to get through
the winter comfortably ami to supply
themselves with all the necessaries
ami many of the luxuries of life. This
means that money will circuhite freely, anil every branch of industry be
benefited. in attempting anything
resembling a forecast of Canadian
conditions next year it is necessary
to refer, at least in' outline, to the
trend of events during thc past
twelve months and the situation in
the Dominion as it exists today."       j
"The mosl recent anil outstanding
fait in connection with Canadian finance is the placing by lhe Bank of
Montreal, as financial agents for the
Dominion government, of £2,000,000
of tlieir treasury hills, hearing :lj
per cent interest, and that thc llot-
Lion went through without difficulty.
This transaction of itself stnmps the
character nf Canadian credit. Simultaneously, the prices of the existing slnclis have improved, nnd it is
obvious that lhe market is well content with the position of affairs.
Under the stimulus of hetter traffics,
nearly all thc Canadian railway
shares have hardened since thc beginning of the present month, including the Canadian Pacific, the Grand
Trunk, the Grond Trunk Pacific, the
Canadian Northern, the Alberta and
Saskatchewan, thc Canadian Northern Quebec, and the Atlantic and St.
Lawrence. The heavy fall in Quebec
and Lake St. John is the one prominent exception which proves the
rule, but there arc special reasons
that explain the deviation In this
instance from the general appraisement-
Taking somo important recent Canadian issues, one may mention the
Alherta and Great Waterways five
per cent bonds, tho British Columbia
fruit shares, thc Canadian Car seven
per cent prof., and the Canadian
Northern four per cent debenture
stock.    Of these, tbe two first men
tioned stand at a premium, the
third is at par, and the last is at »
premium. The latest mails and
cables from Canada show that the
local exchanges are permeated with
a very cheerful and hopeful feeling."
"Speaking generally, the past year
lias been a magnificent time for Canadian farmers. For all that, in a
territory so vast, local conditions
vary enormously, and there have, nf
course, been cases in certain disrricts
where climatic conditions, heing unfavorable, have brought poor results
and even downright failure. Hut.
upon the whole, the staple crops
have been exceedingly good, and have
Obtained satisfactory prices. As is
usually the case, the most notable
developments in husbandry and
settlements have been iu the prairie
provinces—that is, in Manitoba,
Saskatchewan nnd Alberta.
Thc building of the Grand Trunk
Pacific railway has opened up millions uf acres of rich laud hitherto
inaccessible     commercially. Not
only is the new main line being driven through to beyond Kdmonton, hut
spur lines are being laid down hy the
Grand Trunk Pacific, the. Canadian
Pacific and the Canadian Northern,
so that hy the end of next year
there wilt be comparatively little of
these great provinces which will
not bo within easy range ot somo
point on the railway system of the
Of the outlook for the coming year,
thc Financier expresses equally hopeful views.    It says:
"In considering tho probabilities of
next year in Canada it is necessary
to give first and second importance
to two great factors whieh will
mainly determine the rate of progress, The one is thc extent to
which the soil and the minerals of
Canada can be utilized to a still
greater extent and protit; the other
is the favorable effect upon Canada
of the financial and commercial recovery of the United States. Looking at the whole circumstances, one
cannot doubt that the omens are decidedly favorable. Not only this
country, but the whole world is
more alive to thc possibilities and
the natural wealth of Canada than
has ever been the case before, and
the Americans themselves, by going
north over the boundary and taking
np land to an enormous aggregate,
have given sufficiently practical
proof ot their appreciation of the
opportunities afforded. The Canadian government are maintaining a
wise policy of guidance and assistance with respect to immigration and
thc providing of all such facilities
for thc opening up ot new country
which come within thc compass of
their means and authority. There
appears to be nothing to mar the
fulfilment of Canada's destiny as a
great and prosperous nation, and,
so far as next year is concerned, the
conditions affecting finance, immigration and trade appear to he all
favorable. If the harvest, in Canada
of 1010 be as good as is hoped for,
the year should be one of notable
George Northern and Herbert Cole
lost their lives, and Charles Mclvor
barely escaped drowning through the
overturning of their canoe on the
West Arm, opposite Proctor, on
Sunday afternoon. All three men
were employes at the saw mill of A.
K. Watts.
| The accident occurred at 4.80
o'clock. The three men named, 10-
gcther with John Chapman, took a
canoe belonging to tho mill and
crossed the arm to a lower point on
the otlier side, where there was ice
sufficiently strong for skating. Chapman was landed on this ice, and the
other men proceeded hack a short
distance to thc place of Dr. Devlin,
where they procured some medicine
for a sick man at the mill. Thoy
crossed . back to Proctor, delivered
the medicine, and then started again
for the opposite shore to pick up
Chapman, intending to return to
Just how tho canoe was upset no
one knows. One theory is that thc
nose nf the canoe wus thrown around
by a current, with the result that it
was overturned. All that Mclvor
remembers is that he was suddenly
thrown into the icy water, the other
mon heing at the paddles. Cole and
Northern, being good swimmers,
struck out for the nearest bank,
wliich was farthest from Proctor,
Mclvor, who could not swim a
stroke, clung to the canoe.
Chapman, who was skating, observed that the canoe was heading
toward him, and the next time he
glanced toward the water the canoe
was overturned and the three men
were struggling for their lives.
Marooned on the ice, without even a
raft by way of craft, he was helpless to render personal aid. He
shouted at the top of his lungs, however, and  attracted the attention of
I a group of people on the Proctor side
of the water.
A man immediately put out in a
boat and reaching the canoe took off
Mclvor, who was chilled to the marrow, and on thc point of letting   his
* hold slip. He then followed the direction taken by the swImmerB,   and
'recovered the body of Cole with the
aid of a boathook iu shallow water,
ahout ten feet from the hunk. The
search for Northern's body was unsuccessful Mclvor was laken to
llie shore, tn the residence of in
Devlin and given a rubbing and hot
drinks, which restored him In a
normal condition Unavailing efforts were made to resuscitate Cole.
A number of men took up the
search for Nori hern's hody on Tuesday morning, and it was found in
shallow waler nnd raised with a
Sydney, X. S. W., Dec 28.—Bob
Fit/simmons, tlie freckled wonder of
the prize ring, fought lus last battle
here yesterday, when he was knocked out in lhe twelfth round uf what
was to bave been a 20-round go, hy
Bill Lang. The light was for the
heavyweight championship ol Australia, which Lang wnn last October, putting Bill Squires away, The
battle was fought at Hush Cutters
bay, in the same ring Jack .lohnson
won from Tommy Hums.
The battle attracted almost as
much attention ns that famous contest, and the big stadium was well
tilled. The sympathy of the spectators was clearly with the old master. Tommy Burns was in his corner and gave him many good tips,
but all thc pointers in the world
could not have secured him victory.
It was thi' same old story—youth
against age and youth won.
Lang, who was the favorite in tho
betting, luui things pretty well his
own way. Ile took his time in tho
early rounds, easily getting away
from those once dangerous arms.
Fit/, had lost practically all judgment of distance. In the twelfth,
Fit/, was all in, and when he tumbled
to the floor there was hardly a dry
eye in the place. The men divided a
purse of $12,0fH), sixty per cent to
the winner aud forty to the loser.
Midnight   Services   New Year's Eve
Services will begin half un hour
before midnight.
Second Sunday After Christmas.
Holy Communion, 8 a.m.
Matins and Holy Communion, 11
Festal evensong, 7.-I0 p.m.
At evensong the Christmas hymns
and Christmas anthems will bo repeated.
The Christmas entertainment lor
thc children will pribably be held as
usual on the evening of the festival
of thc Epiphany, January Oth.
January 2nd.
A happy new year to all.
Children's service in thc morning
at 11 a.m. Hoys aud girls arc especially invited to this service.
Sunday school and Bible classes ut
3 p.m. The Life of Christ according to St. Matthew will be the subject for the lessons during 1910.
In thc evening the pulpit will be
occupied by the Rev. C. O. Main,
M.A., the pastor will preach at the
Baptist church, and the Rev. C, W.
King will conduct ihe serv: v in the
Presbyterian church.
Tuesday.—League devotional service at 8 p.m.
Thursday.—Prayer service at 8
Friday.—Choir business meeting
and practice at 8 p.m.
■lanuary 2nd, 1910.
Morning service at 11 o'clock.
Communion will he dispensed at this
Evening service at 7.30 o'clock.
Rev. C. W. King, of the Cranbrook
Baptist church, will preach.
On Friday evening, December 31st,
at 8 o'clock, a pre-commiinion service will be held in the church.
Those to be received into membership arc asked to he present at the
Sunday school and Bible classes on
Sunday at 3 o'clock.
Young People's Guild on Tuesday
at 8 o'clock.
Nice calendars, with a good cut of
the church and with a printed statement of the regular meetings of the
various departments, have been prepared. These make a nice ornament
for any room and are handy for reference. They are for sale to all
who wish at ten cents each to cover
cost, and may he had at any time
at thc store of McCallum & Co.
C. O. Main, pastor.
A London cablegram says: By the
first of .lanuary farthing tramway
fares will be in operation upon nearly
600 miles of tramway controlled or
worked by the British Electrical
federation in some parts ot thc
metropolitan area and in about thirty provincial towns. This return
will not only mark an important development in the history of tramways, but will, doubtless, prove a
financial epoch, inasmuch as it   will
rehabilitate the purchasing power of
a farthing.
There will be mi individual farthing
tares. The minimum fare will in
most cases be a halfpenny; in some
towns it will be a penny. Each
line, however, will be marked out in
fart lung stages, and fares above the
minimum of a half-penny or a penny
will lie reckoned in farthings
Au oflicial in the Electrical federation said yest-erday: "We have considered the objection which might be
urged llial in many towns, particularly in the north of England. the
farthing has ceased tn la* regarded as
a coin and that it is generally refused when tendered. We shall supply uur conductors with farthings
fur change and when the public units
tbat we will lake them they will
readily enough tender them. There
will also tie a system of hooks of
tickets which will preclude any objections un the SCOW nf handling money
at all.
"We shall introduce tlie new system during the last two ur three
days of the old year, and it will he
general operation all over our
lines on January 1.
In Loudon the lines affected arc
those running to Enfield ami Burnet
in the north and to Pcnge, Touting,
Sutton and Croydon in the south.
The London county council tramways are, of course, not affected.
Public nolice is hereby given to the
electors of the Municipality of thc
City ot Cranhrook, that I require
tho presence of the said electors at
the Council Chambers, Baker Street,
Cranbrnok, B. C, on the 10th day ot
January, 1910, at 12 o'clock noon
(1 o'clock lucal time) for the purpose
of electing persons to represent them
In the Municipal Council as Mayor
and Aldermen and fur lhe purpose nf
electing persons to represent them on
tho Board ut Trustees (nr the Cranbrook City School District.
The mode nf nomination of candidates shall be as follows;
The candidates shall he nominated
in writing; tho writing shall be subscribed by two voters ol the Municipality as proposer and seconder,
and shall be delivered to the Returning Offieer at any time between
thc date of thc notice and 2 p. m.
(3 p. m. local time) of thc day of
nomination, and in thc event of a
poll being necessary, such poll will
he opened on tho 13th dny of January, 1910, between the hours-of 0
o'clock iu thc forenoon (10 o'clock
local time) and 7 o'clock in the afternoon (8 o'clock local time) ut thc
Council Chambers, Baker Street,
Cranbrook, H. C, of which every
person is hereby required to take
notice and govern himself accordingly.
The qualification by law required
to be possessed by the candidates for
the office of Mayor are as follows:
"The persons qualified to he nominated for and elected as Mayor shall
be such persons as arc male British
subjects of the full age ot twenty-
one years, and are not disqualified
under any law, and have been for the
six months, next preceding the day
of nomination, thc registered owner
in tbe Land Registry office, of land
or real property in the City of the
assessed value, on the last Municipal
Assessment Roll, of one thousand
dollars or more, over and above any
registered judgment or charge, and
who are otherwise duly qualified as
Municipal voters." 1000, C. 32,
S. 14,
The qualification hy law to he possessed by the candidates for the office ot Aldermen are as follows:
"The persons qualified to he
nominated for and elected as Alderman of the City shall he sueh persons as are male Hritish subjects of
the full age of twenty-one years and
arc not disqualified under any law,
and to have been tor thc six months,
next preceding thc day of nomination
the registered owner in the Land
Registry Office, of land or real property in thc City of the assessed
value, on the last Municipal Assessment Roll, ot five hundred dollars or
more, over and above any registered
judgment or charge nnd who are
otherwise qualified as Municipal
voters."   1900, C. 32, S. 11.
The qualification hy law required
to be possessed by the candidates
for thc office of School Trustee arc
as follows:
"In every Municipal School Dis-
trict, any person being a householder
in tbe School District, and being a
British subject of the full age of
twenty-one years, and otherwise
qualified by this Act to vote at an
election of School Trustees in the
School District of the City of Cranbrook, shall be eligible to be elected
or to serve as a School Trustee in
such Municipal District," 1905, C.
14, S. 32, 1906, C. 30, S. 25.
Given under my band at Cranbrook, B. C, this first day of January, 1910.
Thos.. M. Roberts,
46-2t Returning Officer.
Opposite O.P.R, Station
THE    PLACE    TO     GET    A
The home ut Robt. f>. Fiuley, of
this city, was the scene uf u very
pretty wedding ou Wednesday morning, December 29th, when his eldest
daughter, M. E. Alma, was united
in marriage with Vincent s. Liddi-
coatt, cnniractor, of Cranbrook, by
Rev, C. O. Main. At eleven o'clock
the bride entered looking beautiful
in white silk mull with insertion of
cluny     lace and    net   yoke. The
ride's sister, -Miss Grace B Fiuley,
gowned in blue silk mull, acted as
bridesmaid, while John L. Walker
supported the groom. The bridegroom's present lo thc bride was a
beautiful pearl sunburst pendant and
necklace. His present to the
bridesmaid was a dainty signet ring,
and to the groom a set of gold
studs. After the ceremony the wedding parly and guests adjourned to
the dining room, where all enjoyed
a bounteous repast Among     the
guests besides tbe family Were Mr.
unit Mrs. (leorge It. Leask and Mr.
McDermid, the bride's uncle. The
bride's brother, Robert Finluy, who
has been confined to the hospital for
several weeks, was brought home to
witness the ceremony, imt will res
tum to the hospital.
The happy couple left on ihe Flyer
and will visit fur a fortnight iu
Wardner, Idaho, and Spokane, Wash.
Holh young people are well known
and will carry with tbem Uie hearty
well-wishes of nil.
(Continued from page one.)
Calgary official, wlio is an old acquaintance, and they chatted for several iiiiiiiites Their conversation
marked the opening of telephonic
communtcatlon throughout the Crows
Nest Pass, made possible by the
joining of the Alberta government
line with that recently built from
the west through the British Columbia portion u( the Pass hy the Kootenay Telephone Lines, Limited.
All fall the work of huilding the
Alberta government line to the provincial boundary at Crows Nest and
of the British Columbia hue from the
west had been in progress. The
wires were united Saturday last and
the formal opening took place Wednesday morning at 10.30 o'clock
Congratulatory messages were exchanged between Mayors Jamieson
and Fink, and the service was particularly good, the speakers being able
to hear one another as distinctly as
if speaking in the same room
Any available Dominion Lands
within the Railway Belt in British
Columbia, may be homesteaded by
any person who Is tbe sole bead ot a
family, or any male over 18 vears of
age, to the extent of one-quarter section of 160 acres, more or less.
Entry must be made personally at
the local land office for tbe district
In which the land ls situate. Entry
by proxy may, however, be made on
certain conditions by tbe father,
mother, son, daughter, brother or
sister of an intending homesteader.
The homesteader is required to perform the conditions connected therewith under one of tbe following plans:
(1) At least six months' residence
upon and cultivation of the land in
each year for three years,
(2). If the father (or mother,
if the father is deceased), of tbe
homesteader resides upon a farm in
the vicinity ot the land entered for,
the requirements as to residence may
be satisfied by such person residing
with the father or mother.
(3). If the settler bas bis permanent residence upon farming land
owned by him in the vicinity ot bis
homestead, the requirements as to
residence may be satiated by residence upon tbe said land.
Six months' notice In writing
should be given to the Commissioner
of Dominion Lands at Ottawa ot intention to apply tor patent.
COAL—Coal mining rights may be
leased for a period ot twenty-one
years at an annual rental ot tl per
acre. Not more than 2,570 acres
sball be leased to one individual or
company. A royalty at tbe rate of
five cents per ton shall be collected
on tbe merchantable coal mined.
Deputy ot the Minister of the Interior. 2ft-26t
Life mid Fire Iiuiurniiee - Real Ketate
Ollice— Up etaiiH over Burns' Dry
(ioo.lu Mote
Come in nntl let me quote you rates
W. R. Be.Hr. PwMI.1 (-tractor
Cranbrook B. C. Phono No. M
Barrister, Solicitor. Etc.
Money to loan on fitvontl.lt' terms.
M.tTKHMI V t asi:s AND
Mrs. 1*. Bent
i'.'l. Boi 784. Phone 2*
Repairing a (Specialty
Aikens Block, Cranbrook
Francis E. Corrison
Bandmaster Crnnbrook t Itj Band.
Choirmaster Knox I'ri-int.iimich.
Lat.R SI  Ills Majctv'. Itoynl Welsh
Pnsl -
Teacher of
Violin, Banjo, Guitar, Mandolin and  Standard
I'lltiSl: 2611   ■   ORANBROOK, ll.l'.
Lento i Mtislt-al theory
I'lluM' y.:
CltANURUOK,        -        ll.C.
Miss Mabel Wellman
Piasiil ttmi Teiiber
IViiiflcni-M puj.il of
Qabr-etlk Moll-si ot Winnipeg
iselSS                      P.O. BoxF.
Miss Helena Harrison
I .■rtili-*.! titud.Qt
Toronto Conseniitf n ol Mu.ie
Miss Gertrude Jones
Sp—H*.! attention glrpn tu beginner.
Physicians and Surgeons.
OIBc. at Rald.au.,  Armstrong An,
Forenoons • »-00 to 10.00
Altenoons • ■ ■ 2.00 to 4.00
Evenings ■ . . . 7.30 to 1.30
•Sundays - - - • 2.30 to   4.30
CRANBROOK :l    ::    II    ll    B, O,
I to 12 a.m.
1 to   6 p.m.
7 to   8 p.m.
Office In new Keid Block
Cranbrook und Fort Steele
AA____*k______\_   ___**_   ___V_____
;:&?•£"«' Cranbrook, B.C.
B.  C.   and   Surveyor
CRANBROOK    -     B. C.
F. C. Hwannell, D. I» 8., B C. L. 8.
A. I. Robertson, II. C. 1.. S.
Dominion and British Columbia
P. O. Drat.nr 793 VICTORIA. I.t
Graduate nf Ontario Veterinary
College, Toronto, in 1808.
Graduate and Medallist ol
McKillip's Veterinary College,
Chicago, in 1000.
Nine years' expttrieneo in
Veterinary practice in Manitoba.
OmcealCraakra.il Hotel. 10
b ihi: ramus Italian -black hand" organization a hyth?
No Deep-D>ed B dy of Italians, Say Prominent Men,
to Conduct Organized  Blackmail and Murder.
f \ CARCEt/Y a dny pusses without .cldental more than Uie result of Uio work-
t sume mention eoiulrg up In the ings of any criminal organisation. In
^^ nows uf the misdoings >'t "'-ThelBrave crimes two or three "f these Inde-
^ Blaok Hand Organisation." Ellheripendent Italian desperadoes tniftht band
I it is a "Black iiiimi Bobbery," "A together, but not because they am mem-
^S Black   Hand   Kidnapping" or "A bera of any criminal organisation, bul be-
Uluck     Hand     Dynamiter,"    nml cause this  Is a common practice an :
sometimes even "A Blaok Hand Murder." criminals ot uii kinds. Americans as well
Reports o( "The Black  liana Society" as  Italians.
have boon >•■ iniistaiit ami so recurrent    There are many Italian criminals In this
that the whole country Is kepi In a slate country.   Prominent  Italians inimli  this
of continuous alarm.   Now the nuostlon a»d ihey blamo the  federal government
ni." come up, somewhat paradoxically at for permitting bo manv of tti in to enter
first ii seems, "Is there aciuniiy auch n|j„ [ta)y ii„,,.,r, ,, tl  , ,.,„„ ,,h,.**., ,„.,,i,i,.ii
crlmliiHl orgnnlintlon of Italians operating together nml known ns 'The Black i porta t
Hand".1"   Prominent Ualtana in New \   "
dty una elsewhere, and Utoso »i«o li
Issttlnii i
n(t t
hi ..'..•[
v exists,
United  States  un
ihe UnlteJ Si
itOS "1 ho  BI
tk iim,
r has been i xamlm
Is II 11
lhc   i
yth, in so lur
npresslnn  th
us the nhrns
;■ lamination or the
»r any kind at Kills
ii»  exists  ,n
America,  or
ie milted r.o crime
•ro or in ■ .\\
daetnno l)'.\
ida ins beei
until, former
1-flcate will i»- bin
it not   blank   the
nt  tii
■ United  Hal
iiii Societies,
y\ rote
'liiin-ni.i deport lilu
a tti i
ut Issue of tl
e Nmth Ante
rlcan i:
>-    According to Ui
ku them In Ho i«
« illsbarment In   thf  United Statos  by tli.
i ■■■' -roi fllcials.    No   Itullan.   the)
"Isay,   shonhi   be  permitted   to  onter  mu
i Italy th.' penal cort!-
k.   1:' thf eertlflcnte is
nmlgratli n   authorities
r.t . nee io Italy,
federal laws, any per-
police Sergeant Petroslno, In charge of victod of u felony or anv other crime in-
tin- Italian Bureau ut Headquarters, re*lvolvlng "moral turpitude." Tho federal
contly said:- [government as yet has no precise category
'can ha traced, threaten*Im   crimes   which  In   Iti  opinion  involve
["moral turpitude."   Conscious ol this de-
of ihe United
us  Ih-  iilira
un  Armonli
criminal; cl
mil as sotn
fp to the
or ent   hi
Italian govi
■ klml •
llim- ihe OiluxaXt
lug letters are generally a h
them nro attempts al blackmail by Inex
peril ft]   criminals,   who   have thG Idea
suggested to them by reading about 'the
Black   Hand'   In  tlte  sensational papers,
but die number of threatening letters sent
with ilie del I hem te Intention of using violence ns n hist resort to extort monoy is
ridiculously small."
Baron K, Kdmond Mayor ites Planches,
Ambassador to the  l nitod   Slates,   from
Itttly,  who mora tlinn nnv mie else known     ■- .   .      ....
the conditions of Italians in America and Milan government I" i* sold '" «»Hil-
whu \li dean of the SlSomiiU™ Uwps in !ll"""> that th« decision must he left en-
Washington,   has   repeatedly   announced tJreiy to the Judgment ol   the lmmlaro>
tltal  he lines ni dlovn Ihnl In thn lTnllnd   ""n   OfJcerS    who   eXamtno   the   liieninlng
Si™ ,':,■„:;!:,':: ," '*•. .. « ^s',t'"''""!T"\k"tt?X?
"'■"■• tnllntts     rating   Iron,   nny "f.KJ^Ke™""ir SstlnlZe oMh
iiiiii   in.   it.   N,   in   i iiiiiiii    i  iisi.-jioitf,   oi        ..•i-i,,  , i-iimlmi' nf ll-ili-tiu u'lin
Italian  inuuliiraiii*, of uli elasses  says:-  '"" '' " '.'""" '""""     "',  ",l   ,"
........  ,,?.„ , 7    .,,,.'.   ffovernmonl,   of   course,   eunnot   reach
As no nrsalltall***)    ,|„.  llh,. k  Hand' Is  f, ,,„„,',„ „ ,,.|U „„ iu,.|,*|ct|0„ „v,.r
,       ""' ' '   *"' '"..•... try ure l" be found itntong tin, Itnllans
'11 '""* "" '."""'"m"K »'" tcrrlho a sym-     ,       om       |t,     ,   p„ssports-tlmt Is  to
bolls,,,   tl,ft  one must almost lieliovo ll ,„y  r,,„„ non.It„Un„ ,„„.„.*•
ronlly  exist,   when ona only  hoars lite     proml„c,„   tlnltons  |„   n*.*»*  Vork  city
phrase   lllurlt llnlid. .-,,,,! olaowliore coutplaln thnt everv Euro-
IhU I'eporl 01 llie Commissioner Cclieral , „ „■* ,,„,.„ ,,impl.-xlon. mil™, lie tvonrf
or Itnmlgrntlon, trunk I'. Sui-gont, In 1301, „ -purltlsh fez when nrresteil  Is put do*.r
™nl""  a stud)' "f nllens who nt thai „„ the pollen '.ilotler ns holng nu Itnllnn,
lime were monies In tlie virions ,lle In- ,,,„i p, tlain wny tho Itnllnns ere mmle „*-
. Mllu Ions l„ ti„. United stntes.  The total sponsible for .rimes t milled l,» other
tiumbot-of alien Inmates wns H.DSo, and ot nnllnnnlltlos. An unocdoto bus been ao-
tnis number only 3,m wero Italians. In\i„s the rounds ,.( the itullan hunkors in
the ponal Institutions there wns cnnllnod New   York  city  nf  how  a  well   known
MB Italians, as amilnst 0,82s ol - allena; Italian merchant nf llobokon, Mr. Iliun-
In the Insane asylums tnero were Tin Itnl- ehettl hy name, wns plcltiretl by en ,n-
luns, as against lii.o.t other nllens, nnd In torprlslng lourrtnllat us being one or the
the various eharltnl.le Instlttithmn Iherejnssnsslns Involved In the murder nf King
were l-IDO Italians, us ttgulnnol I6.»06 other 'Humbert.  This picture ttus copied In all
.liens,   or the 1,818 Italians In  tb,. penal the pnpers tbrouahnnt A rlcai It eveni-
mstltutlons, 708 were Incarcerated charged unlly found Its way Into the Itnllnn news,
with grave crimes and r,fi;i were Incarcer* pnpera in this cnuntry, und It was then
ated charged wltm minor crimes. eoplei l.y newspapers In Italy.  Mr. Blun-
ehvttl, an honored and respected man,
suou Inst nil Ids friends nnd Ills business
decreased; he died within n year, his acquaintances said, of a broken heart.
Nearly J0O.0OO Italians in New York and but Forty
Polxemen Speak the Italian
erence to the facta nhoul the so-ealiedl
"Hiaek liana Society."
"There is no doubt Hint among the two
million or inure Italians living in (ho
United Stales   thero urn many criminals."
Mr. Castlgllone sold, "ami if Journalists
would confine t> selves to studying Un'
ospecial characteristics nr Italian crhn-l
lualfl tt would he legitimate, nm so many
unscientific ami uninformed writers suike
nnt   only  at   lhe   ll.iil.ui i rlmliials,   hul   at
Italians thomselvos, ami for no niher reason lhan ihnl tlioy are Mall
how proportionately few) are criminals?
Mils Is unfair not only to the itallu
nne. but It is even dangerous to Amerlc*
ami Americans," Mr, Castlgllone said.
II Is quite evident thut so long as ere-
douce is glvon by the |iii|ieiH and the
American publla nl large to the stories
relating to lhe so-called "Black Hand" or-
ganlsntkm individual lialhui crimlimls
will be encouraged lo continue keeping
up tlieir delusion, for l.y doing so they
iind the phruss
i tree spread*
ami dooper In lbe'
ifted Stales, ns sol
s have aiiir tl.   n;
approximately two thousand policemen,
which Includes the carablnlorl, the soldier
nolicc Two to three hundred policemen,
I who. if they lire not themselves Italians,
SllOUtd at least he utile In speak tile Italian
language, nre necessary to keep lliis large
: Italian population under authority, sav lhe
Iprr-mlnent Now York Italians.
Hack Hnnd Itaq scarcely even beon
In Italy," Gaetano d'Amato says,
quotes from the writings nf un
rimlnologlst, A. F. Griffiths, in
THESE figureB hnve lieen glvon to Indicate Hie unfairness of making thc
Jtulfaiis as a race suffer for tiie
crimes of their proportionately few
criminals. Those who have neen arrested
for being members of Uie -Black Hand"
orgaiilwitlon really are independent malefactors, who might happen to be socially .   ,	
Intimate; tbey  might frequent the same!Itnllnn hum
2af#. or they might occasionally meet to- Inns.    In the eity  of Naples,  which
get her over a game of cards, but these tains about the same number of Italians
meetings ure a matter of chance and ac-'ns does New York city, no more
NEW YOltK city con in ins an)
irom MKUWO to Ton.out Italians, ye
are only forty polli.ein.-u in the
EW   YOltK   city   contains  anywhere
it there
Department   who   cither   -apeak   the
' a i
'   tbelUSi-
■■ Ila
i Spanish organization but that It had Its
irifjln in Spain, lie contends that Indivld-
lui Italian criminals in ihis countrj* mi
tearing the name the Black Hand, were
as.'hinted with its terrible symbolism, and
hey adopted ii; It spread eventually to
tnly. These criminals employed it be-
auso It acted on tlie receiver thc sume
*,6 tlie name of a well known author aots
on the judgment of an editor, one Italian'
bunker illustrated to the writer.
Tiie only criminal organisation iii Italy-
is the Camorra, und the Camorra exists
only in the City Of Naples. The poverty
of Naples has been responsible for its'
creation, as the Camorra is n sort of
criminal collection agency. Almost tiie only
way a usurer's debt run lie collected In
Naples Is through tiie co-operation ofi
ittie Camorra, because the people of the
city ure so poor that u judgment from,
Ithe courts is valueless,   The Camorru has I
Ils chiefs, Its offices and Its officers, and
H Is made up of ruffians, "cadets," protectors of usurers and adventurers in gen-
eial. Or rnurse these criminals belonging
to the Camorra do far more desperate
things than collect debts. Tlie Mafia Is
not an organisation, but, like the Kentucky feuds, It is rather a spirit of re-
vonge, and perhaps it is less cruel than
the tends of the Kentucky mountaineers
for It nt least stops at the grave.
All Italians who come from the* southern part of Italy or Sicily are looked upon
Cither as being members of the "The
Black Hand" or "The Mafia" or some
other criminal society, yet of tlie 1,187,553
persons who migrated from Italy during
the years 11104 and 1MB only C,000 were Neapolitans, and all certainly did not come to
the United giatea Some went to South
America and Canada, and others went to
Australia and other countries.
In tlie leport made by Miss Emily Fogg
Meade for tlio federal government, published in the Bulletin of Labor, May, 1007,
Is given un account of the rise and growth
nf the Italian colony at Hammonton, At-
lantlo county, N. J. This town, which
numbers now between four and five thousand, lias been built up almost enUrely by
Sicilians, Miss Meade praises the Sicilians
as fruit glowers and as farmers, and In
general hns nothing but praise for their
temperance and Industry. She Indicates
tliat  in V.W-1  they  paid 14,193.07 taxes  In
Hammonton, nnd that there were 1.370
names of Sicilians ami Southern Italians
on the tax register. In her report is is
stated that nearly every week or so a
house is built between Uosedale and Wins-
low by some Sicilian.
"The Italians of Hammonton sho-w
themselves to be a social people with
(Simple, natural tastes," She fays; "their
hove of home and children is healthful,
i Thev are ignorant, primitive, childlike, hut
their faults will largely be mended by contact with good American customs. Their
courtesy, Rentleness and love of outdoor
life and simple pleusuivs arc actual contributions to American life. The country
environment seems to develop Uu Ir belter
qualities and they lake a normal part In
the life of the community." Miss Meade's
general Bumming up of the colony of
Sicilians and Southern Italians in Hammonton Is as follows:—"In Unmtuontoii
are found the results of twenty years'
contact of a typical American population
with the lowest cIbbs of Sicilian Immigrants. It ls a safe conclusion tlial what
the Italian has been able to accomplish hi
Hammonton he can achieve elsewhere
under similar circumstances."
AWAj over tbe country prominent Italians are surprised tliat thc immlg
tion authorities and the police departments  of the  various cities do  not
more thoroughly Inform themselves iu ref-
hnvo wrllton. it is only a gouerul ntimo
appropriated hv Individual  Italian erim*-
j huils.   under  Which  tlioy   hide  their own
I wrongdoings
"The publication or thoso hastily pre*
pared nml lensntlonal artloles is un or-
le'K'e ngninst American common sense ami
ngninst ihe Italian Amorlpan cll sens.
Articles er this kind powerfully contribute to lhe creating ol an unfair feollllg
iiii over tin- country ngainsl n largo pint
of llu- Italian population. These Btorles
circulate  nol   only   in  the  largor  cities,
where the  ivndei'S  niv  more BOplllSt'cntoJ,
but ihey (liter iheir wny into ihe Interior
ni' ihe country, into tho smaller towns,
and nro read by the gentle and peaceful
"These simple-minded readers bc!le\ e
firmly Unit every word printed In these
nrtlcles is correct, that tho Btorles ure
founded on fact, and in every HnJlnn they
meet, even If It bo only a poor wiiin out
laborer with his dinner pail, they see n
'Black Hand' member. Aud if i.i tltOiC
poiiluns of the country there are no
Italians the residents take steps tu pre-]
vent any rrom ever Bottling there. j
"Is it fair to the Italians, is It useful
for this country that this feeling Bhouhi
lie creatod una spread among hs clll-
nana?" Mr, Castlgllone continued, "Of thu
two million Italians in the United States
many have tnken out theii papers ami become naturalised Americans. .Many of
them have settled here with their families,'
are Bending their children to American
schools, are investing their savings In
American real estate, in American Industries, In American business enterprises. Ii.l
the city uf New York alone conservative I
tstlmatHa place the value of real estate
owned by Itnlluiis nt twenty millions Of
Guetano D'Amato, in his Nortli American Review article, places the wealth of!
the Itnllnns of the United states, and
which he says bus all been earned within
the last twenty-live years, as follows:-!
Property, (12O.O0O.OCO: Invested In wholesale
comireixe, H00.000.00fl; real estate, (50,000,-
000; deposits in local bunks, (20.000,000.
The large majority of the Italiena work
hard lo build the subways, to ditch the
sow"!.-, and they nre obliged for the
limit* .1 wages Ihey receive to Uvo In slums
where many of them contract tuberculosis and other dreaded diseases. Others
are bulb
Ihev live h
ny eivllhmtio
irisliing theme
others   nre   v
Will!    |
mines,   the   quarries,   ilsklng   their   Ih
llcally nny proie. i!.m'of uie law iii easel
of accident. Many Italians devote then-"
selves to agriculture. Prosperous agricultural colonics nre lo hi found ll Vllieland, >
X. j.; Tontltmvn, Arl;., ami St. Ilel.n-,
N. C. in California Italians own and ctl-
Uvnto the largest and finest vinoyaids In ■
the United Slates. In LoulHlaim ninnv
IItallnns are working In the cottontlclds
and In sugar plantations,
■is it fah to arouse u nntlonal feeling
against tbem, ami only because some i.f,
them land the statistics eloquently show!
{{•T-rMtimiCA   Is slill   in  need of Mt<
Ll tiers."  Mr. CostIgl lone continued.
fli.an:.' Irnets nr Ils territory must
vet     be   Cultivated,      111    ill'niislllg   m
feeling of disgust ami fear against Italians mnny sections or me country are pn*
vented from using them in tho development or tlieir natural resources, A few
monihs ago tie- Legislature or the State
of Mrglnln passed a resolution  the aim
Of whieh was in pn-vent (lie settlement
of Italians in Virginia. In 10OT In North
I'aiol.n.i there wus also some legislation
unnclod to this offect, and yot In St, 11*1-
-'iii (tho Bame Slaloi there Is a nourishing settlement of itnllnns, Tbey have
Iheir own church, rn-operatlve store, bake
•veil, blacksmith simp, nntl they have de-
dgnod nm! hii.lt iill Ihese buildings them-
iolvos, Tiie Southern newspapers time
ami tune again h.ive featured and written
up the virtues nnd progress of tlm Italian
OlOlllste nt   SI,   Helena,   N. C."
The  usual   impression   is that  America
f Italy."   It is significant
ml  one-hnlf  per cent  of
us are debarred hv tb*
'(■rs.    The   Kalian   Itiitnl-
rants  nro   usually  strong,   healthy   and
bio bodied, tholr ages varying from twen-
.- io th I'ty-five years.   These Immigrants
ever become paupers.   Mr. James Forbes.
''■''f "r ll|e m Hcancy department of the
hnrty Organisation Society, says he hns
''v',',, ■ » '"' hoard of nn Italian tramp.
letectlve se,-,e.int  Prlroslno says hfi has
rv'':,y ' or lieard nr un Itnllnn woman
on th" street, nnd Miss Meade, In her
ovornment report praises the chnstitv of
ie S.clllan women In Ilammnnton. N, .'.
Although ihe ItaPans drink considerable
of their own llglit wines, they yet are a
temperate race. John Foster Carr sayst—
"With the exception of Uie Russian Jews.
Uio Italians are by far tlie most sober of
nil nationalities." James J. Starrow, of
Boston, says In a recent urtlcle:—"The
Italian drunkard hardly exists."
"So far from being Uie scum of Italy's
paupers und criminals, nur Italian imml-
,ra the very llower of her poas-
John Foster (.'arr said in a recent
art lei o in the Outlook. "They bring
Ithv bodies nnd a prodigious will to
-k. Thee Ime-. ot, intense love for their
fatherland uud a fondness for old customs, and both are deepened by the hostility they meet and tho gloom of the tenement tbey are forced to Inhabit. The
Bunshine, the simplicity, the happiness of
the old ways nre none, and often you will
hear the words. "Non o'ft plaeere nella
vita" (There is no pleasure in life herei.
llut yet they como, driven from a land
nf starvation to a hind of plenty. Each
year about one-third of the great host ot
ihe Industrial recruits from Italy, breaking
up ns It lands Into little groups of twos
and threes and invading the tenements almost unnoticed, settle In the different colonies of New York. New York tenement
houses nre not adapted tn life as It Ip
organized in the hill villages of Italy, anA
ii chnuKe lias come over every relation of
life. The crowded living Is strange and
depresFhiff. Instead of work accompanied
bv song In orangeries nnd vineyards there
Is silent toll In the canyons of ft city
street: Instead of the splendid and expos-
r,.iting carablnlere there is ti>* rough
orco of tlie New York policeman to repre-
enr authority."
when soric
IN a little stretch uf woods within
half mile of the village were two
hemlock trees, known to every man,
woman and child In the vicinity. They
were called "the twins," because they
were joined to each other within a few
feet of the ground by a solid, substantial branch that grew from the older
and stronger tree into the trunk of the
younger ene, thus forcing a natural rustle
seat often made use of by the villagers.
For some weeks a young man and young
woman had come to that spot and sat
band In hand for hours at a time on that
Natural bench between the hemlocks,
.whispering the sume old sweet nothlngr
that hud been whispered in lovers' ears
■luce the world began. It was an Ideal
romantic place for lovers. Near by u brook
gurgled along the rocks from the mountain side, and the music of Its waters,
the lasy summer wind sighing In the trees,
the singing of the birds and the chirp of
insects, all combined to render a symphony auch as even the genius of Beethoven failed to write,
The twin hemlocks were greatly interested In the lovers and always looked forward to their coming with much joy. In
fact, the trees were lovers themselves in
picture. Her light brown hair was wai
tonly blown across the young mans face
by the mischievous wind, but bo paid
little attention to i« Kvery now and then
the girl would east a sly glance at him
out of her blue eyes.
"Well, Jim, if you .ue going to be blue
to-day, I might as well turn back," said
the young woman, breaking tli-i silence.
"I can't help feeling had," replied the
young man. "You have so lillle regard
for my feelings, Annie."
"What have I dune nnw'.' I know 1 am
always doing something io give yuu tnu
"Well, to be honest,  I'm jealous,"
"Jealous? Of whom, Jim?"
"N'ow, Annie, don't play Innocent, You
know as well as I do who It Is. Come, sit
down on the bench here between the twin
trees. It's worried me a great deal und 1
want to talk to you about It."
"Well, go on." said Annie, annoyed.
"It's just tills, Annie,'' and tho young
man took off his soft tint and twirled it
nervously between his fingers, "I don't
like your carryings on with Frank Brooks,
The other night ut tho barn dance you
were all eyes nnd ears fnr hlm and did
not seem to cure whether 1 existed.     Ami
By Martin Petry.
Junes said this so pathetically that Annie's bean softened and she forgot all
nbi.ui Frank Brooks and the dance and
wai sorry for her display of temper. She
did have a warm place in her heart for
.Tamos—always had even when children lose: her—ami though she often went for
him like a tigress on the slightest provocation, she was Just us quickly sorry for
"There, now, .lame.1!, don't be angry. I
did not mean all I said. You know 1 am
the sumi' girl I always was."
"I thank you for saying that, A:inK
Prank Brooks' tine manners and clothes
have blinded yon. bul I trust in your good
un   wai
"I  cannot bear  to  aee
Just   then   the  blowing  of
heard In the distant Held.
"Annie, there's the signal to return to the
field." m
"Yen, James, we must lie off." uud re-la
luctantly now the ynung mun and woman)
wnndcred off slowly arm iu
young hemlock,
him weep."
Thus James sat for a few moments, ano
tlu-n went his way.
A few weeks later the little birds again
had Interesting news to tell, and It was
that Annie nnd Frank Brooks had parted.
Hoih had tired of each other, and, repent-
ntlt, Annie had enme back and on her
kiiejs begged James' forgiveness. Brooks
hud not tarnished her purity, for she knew
how lo prelect herself and she had divined his purpose only loo quickly. She
suw then bow she hnd Hung away a good
man's lovo nnd thought she hud lost it
forever. However, she determined to come     "How like a foul uie Iiuma
back und lace nil  iho sneers und ludlg-  iiow utile they Wink
nllles ot Die village gossips to win back spring Uiey suffer from dliastroi
James.     And   when   sh- nn'tna  -she   w-us-ulll[   jn    tjlfl   summer    long    pt
hooled utul jCWM a    by   ine  urchins  In drought and heat, und all this
front of the vdage store. Iml  she walked abided If they would only spare
by them proitiiiy nn.l iheiiinsuita wore but yet(  by a single swing of tne axe
' on a 'hicks back. |     j    a 3(l!L.miid tree lhat has taken
was working m   i  held nearby, l0 grow.   My dear   htfs geithnt r,
old  gossip  ran  lo   him  and   told'1    > ''    ■■•■-■ ■        "    '  "'  ''
fiag pole," said one, "but I am afraid we
will not find one to suit us here."
"Well, look ut [his line hemlock," said
another. "Vou could not rind a belter
tree than that."
"Yes, that's so," said the tliltd, "bin remember tills is the twin iree and the folks
"ould not want thai to go."
peare.l to a visitor In the Senate Cham-1followed by loud explanations for euch
ber some years later and had gone through thoughtless acts of parliamentary hide-
the turmoil of the Confederate struggle, it corum The Semite, the people, und espe-
could be Inferred lhat his early yeara were clally the gentlemen of sporting procilvl-
plaold and all hla. association congenial. ,:'"i Wl r,> nil excited over the counter.
The fyial settlement of lhe slavery ques- Kven tl,e olerks and pages of Congress
tion was an all absorbing topic of Con- worfl debating the probable length Of ft regress and the country. Seme favored c«s hi coae of fatal results fmm a duel.
Clay's series of resolutions, whltf/l covered! Tiie fuliowing day Benton rose to a ques*
all questions touching Territories, .Slates,! tion of privilege, ehargllig that the n*wa-
Uie District of Columbia and the Union lin- paper report of the day before was a lying
der a general omnibus bill. Others favored}account from beginning to end; that it
as many separate bills as tliere were ob-, would be perjury if sworn to; that portion*
Jects of legislation. The North denounced were added which were not uttered in the
"fire eaters'' and tlie South anathematised*debate, ns the following:—
'abolitionists," while t'ne excitement need-|   "At present he is skidded by his age, his
 ""vuwul of tlie obligatory force of
 and his Senatorial prlv-
ed no Inferno to make it Inrernal.
On March '26 Funic moved the Senate to j the l.iw.s of honor
take up the Territorial hills, ami was Im- j lieges '
mid the1 mediately replied to by  Benton iu favor |
'Oh, the deuce with Beiitimeut.'
first man.     "The folks will ge
hen Uiey aee our fine Hag pole." "(great deal of dignllv and a show of elo-
The  two  hemlocks  surmised   fron,    [J)a quence   Benton rose:- !cun be
invorsation that tholr fine had been "As a friend of tbe State of California." '
sealed and the birds and the wind and the he said. "I now come into the action, and
brook broke into a plaintive melody. [from this time forth I will snuggle for the
,i  of  Utkin,.,.,,   ,,„*  i'.,U,,r,   If!,.     »'„,, I,|^SM^.T!,W^^E
suit mo where an appropriate chastisement
can be employed and liulloied upon black-
guurdism and he will Hnd out whether I
in not younn enough to wl*t) },o wflroiiu
-■■*• without consulting any cfti-li
family is.(admission
-    h. die     At once  Fojte  arose,  and with  wither-
s Hoods Ing sarcasm, declared:—
ioda    of     "1 am -Kind the honorable Senator from
ould  be'Missouri has come inlo lhe war.   He says,
is.   And 'I am the friend of California.   1 announce]
aln oame to the front,
At  this  Foote ng:
^opting all that was primed In the papers!
Sera or ri,2 V" ^ COnt*m»* '» «»•
The twin hemlock trees hud been close
listeners to the lovers' spat, uud us their
step.-, grew fainter  the tail hetnloek said;—
■i nm so glad they made up before tbey
lell.   Il would worry ine so much if ther
hlm  Annie
ving on me.   This Is the
■ wilh
their own peculiar atate of exlatence. and Aunt Jennie told me thla morning that you WM nny dlfllculty  between  them.    Bin 1
were out driving with him Sunday when '{^ fg"r"Annie. '-Thero Is something co
i thought you were to your brother's." between, and 1 am afraid the true luve'ol
"Well, and what of it," said the young sin.a a whole-hearted young man as James
womun, with a glance of indignation in lis being tampered with by hor for a butter-
her eyes nnd a puckering up of her small, liy. Strung*-', but it seems to be u wenkne.-;
'Are wc  tied  to each  other oi  all   rfOfflimWnd to ho attracted by  lint
i whom I pli
from the time that they were mer* sap-
pllnga they had been drawn toward ench
other, and Nature's minister had linked
them, one to the other, for life. There
was a year's difference between them, and
the tall, stately hemlock was a great pro-jrrd mouth,
tectlon to the younger one, and when tht that I cannui go «-n
•form broke snd the wind howled through an. „(,t married yet.
the woods, the young tree would always ..No> ,\nnle, to my sorrow. I would
nestle ctos* and be protected by ths iall,marrv you t0.dIiy if you said the word." ,
form of Ita companion. ..oh nonsense; I don't wunt you."'
"Human folks make love the same as we     , v        Am)|      *    ,* lhat     .   ]|d     |
m0tVh.lhum.nTamnhyC S?«SB^^^ ™» are a" H° ^   Moat °< «« lock
ir Sl SB Ki^ "not you never told me your fear
yet little about the peculiarities of lovo. ting up a woman.in a cnge-stms |n glided said the younger tree,
■ometlmefl lt undergoes a change." cages,  perhaps-but,   nevertheless.  It  la aj    "No,   my dear:   1   knew It
Ood,"   he said.    "How I   have
Where is she
prayed for this!   Where is she?" |youn, hemlock, brave I.t this crudu   inn-      ' n- der
When  told she  wus  Coming directly to  me»t%s many weak souls are       "L      ,  fr ,      lent
him  he could hardly conceal his Joy.        danger.   "We are one. and    cinnS live   „   * ,,
"Bul  ynu are certainly not going to re-1 without you." ""0l me|    "I  bellow
wing of the use. a dull
held OUt  her
IJiiyS   passed   and   the  lovers  no   longer! her."
a:ne  to  the seat beuveeu  the  hemlock* j    And   Annie
ome thing w.is certainly wrong und both boforo  hlm,
wondered.   Finally strange stories cainejbegg'd ror h
the village, and one day the room:
celve her," snid the gossip. j    There wh-*,  _   ,„
"Kecolve her.'   with open arms,   I Io\e Mm,] nml the tall hemlock trembled'
her, oh! how 1 love her.   I cun swear sho     "Tlda Is going to be a lough Job,"
comes  back  as  pure  as  she  went  awuy, oue of the men.
(but wen- she to sink Into the wry gutter.   The axe swung quicker nnd stronger
■-' 'hit clly down over the hills, and sho,,,-*,,, •-.,, hemlock began I" bend.
lives are forbidden,
stt|-j I decorum.    Tlili
i of
■1mmber are]
inns to
nine,  sank
their nest nearby   told the Start-
thai Annio had disappeared with
lOkS,   and  gOSllpy   tongues   ivi'iu
ed," suid Um mu hem- '
"A change? It seems impossible to mc.
How could suoh a dreadful thing happen?"
"How Innocent you are! Any number ot
things can happen to bring about a change,
but the moat likely Is when some one
come* between."
"You frighten me."
"Aye. but It happens every day."
"But It Would be cruel to rend two lives
"Certainly, but that doe* not alter the
fact. Do not the little birds tell ua of the
scandals in the village, where many a
•mil ng face tries to cover a broken
"Ah! that may be possible In the human
family, but not with us, dear. We ore Inseparably linked. No one can come between us."
"True, we have grown together, ana
years have but strengthened our love.
But £**, her* come the lovers. I con hear
their soft voices."
Along Uw narrow pathway stiewn thick
with fallen leaves cstn-j the young man
and young woman. Th.--y were not holding each other's hands aa formerly, but
the young man was nervously cnewlng
en a piece of straw and walking with
head belt down. He waa in his w irking
clothes, havmg just com* from the hay
field. The young woman, with her arms
bare to the elbow, and short skirt, disclosing small, well formed feet, even
though shod in heavy ihoea, mado a pretty
If those ore your sentiments i think you.    However. I  mn afraid it had  to
It Is best for both of us that we understand!come, ns Annie would never have been
each other at once. I may as well tell youjaallsfled otherwise. She would have mar-
that  I  like Frank  Brooks.    He  Is a  'line tied  .lames in  a   matter-of-fact  way
young man. He's been io college und
knows how to treat und entertain a girl.
You, James, are so different. Uh, 1 hate
'Now, Annie, don't got excited," and the
young man laid his hand affectionately on
Iier arm, but she at once shook the band
off.     "You    always    did    have   a   quick
"Temper or no temper, I will not stand
any dictation from you, and you may as
well know thut now. in fact, to tell you
the truth, I do not think we could ever
get along well togeiher nnyhow."
"Oh, Annie, don't say that."
"I know It. Your tastes and ambltlona
do not go beyond this village, while mine
sonr over yonder hills down to the great
"Yes, that city Is to many a country
boy and girl what the light la to the
"I nm so tired of thla place," continued
Annie, without heeding James' remark.
"Always the same old thing, morning,
noon and night. Mr. Brooks has Invited
me to a dance to-morrow night. That will
be a change."
"And are you going?"
"Why shouldn't I go? Everybody ts going.   You must com* too,"
"Oh, no, I will not b* than."
always longed for Brooks." |a
"And  what will happen now?" |v
"Believe me, all will bo yet for the best. J
Sho wlll the of Brooks, as we all Ure of*h
pretty things thai have no heart or teel-;
Ing, and then .lames will be her Idol." Is
"We must have a very high tree fnr our I which tlwsrJw£Jowd_«o^«w
The   younger bendoek  was  ao affected they would harm us.
by the sad affair tliat a moan was the,   Just then tha voices or men were heard,
only reply.    «o tho days passed and the nnd three stalwart farmers' sons, one enr-jeyos
lovers'  seat, remained unoccupied.   It was
near lhc  end  of  tho   summer,   however,
that James came to the spot alone, and
tha whole forest became Interested.   The
hemlocks whispered "How sad he looks,"
the birds sang "Oh, Were Annie to Come
Back Again" and tho brook gurgled "Get
her and bring Jier back.   She loves you,
sho Iovcb you."
All this language of Nature was, oi
course, wasted on James, for he heard It
not   and would not hove understood  It,
years Icon of lhe Seni
dy  in enme Into the wu
... _nd of our louglIer.'   There is no
days df happiness," t|iat j would rather meet on the ai
"II you sol   go  with yon."  said   tho contest lhan himself."
lily nettled by this sudden af-
Benton arose:—
I   "l  wltcve.  by  the  laws of this Senate,
[thai  personalities and attacks upnn mo-
'    "so forbidden by
lleve, and, now
I wlll tell you wlml I know.   I know
itliat lhe tiltaeks mado upon my motives
to-day and herotofc
ould go toj   -yot, w.|n naveVeut i'he seal, too," ggid false '■•••'•' coiwrdly.
/lhe third speaker. No Foonor was tb
ibe ground    -oln  t  wun t bother," and us the tail  Ud Foote nam
iii her eyes hemlock begun to html over ihere was a '" a rejoinder merol
,!Js. crash, ond the tree went in lhe ground,     "Ves.  sir.   lids I'
nm took her UP ■» dragging Us companion with it. sor mortirn, puns
,  rig it before moi   ..T)-lfB „ ,.1U,P 0f iWo birds at once," offensive persona IUI
w.v' 1mv°i haklnli l""K"lnR!y snld lhe men. to in lhe
way, on.y snaaing,   „a^,. M|(| (h(1 mftn w)]1, iWUllg ,,,„ nxe.ltered wil
nought tn'Wcivill lei Um wood dry for n few days o rogulai
  «-:y&""^"".rwiS" &*1»tt|SBtr ,„?2n
, forma of »mil« nml J>"»"  ''••■■"' ■""'"' " cltwli nt
,'Jtlir belovctl ipot, iftt tli<-lr .nl iv-ii-* mm*, tcmiiciltt
1   »\Vk»t n iHonlc," n.ll'l Jt I"**-.., "to halt lii«« of f
1 cm donn 'li'""' trot.1" Ji* " '" i
"Oh, I mn i-'i .orry." Mltl Annie, oliimal lo a rroi
'.'i.'.i   inn ii**'. iiii'flt i'a "tnTwooiInnn'i with tour. In liof ■"V**   ,"'! ',','"' ,!'.''„."
e, wlllcll If..' not liirn  lic-iiril ln tlicu>!alran|o   fancy   of   inlna.   "Ut   II   iilnio
"'-,,'..', ..,. .....m™i to me tlmt lliort two Item lovid.lil*. pnrly inonliooili el...
Are tv* In itnnn r?" mid the yonns t-n**lt oilier juat n »*.■ lot*,.. Jain,*., nnd n t „*-,*,„r.-it.*.- tlmt ,„k-i,i ,
nl ,,*k ti.'i,1,1,inr ill ,r.*rr now tht-y are cut 'own Meter. , Hl-*u of honor from the obllffnti*-
I '.loti't think so.    Tim people think.  "U tlioy only coultl come logellier »»aln|0B„|,„ „„„ „ „ „,„„„ „,„„„ „,
thnt I On not think.aa wt ili-l"
I announce*-!, the Caeaar. tlio Napo-1". ,'   * "moiililored, iar nineteen tiny, th,
aennte-l announce lhat I have lg™"°™ "WW Joll.inco.   On April II
nine inui i nave i ,,„,,,„,.    ,       ,       ---   -—»"'".    v*n   April
word and buck-t '''" "' 'Klv:»« the lloor, declared that
all Christendom ?ullM sh.Vw tliat  ,1,fr ^""h was ln
danger;  that  ihere
Iiis at
i reply,
s] i.
na ami klsse i
gosslpa.   IBs ,
ley   went   the.r
■■ idsslgnlllctiiitly,
i's lut- res;'li; new.: i
.u In rnluckv by the I
i m lhe woods.
,'t I tell you." fuid th
, -   was  "a cry of wall
When there was no wolf," by which the
cr.unlry was thrown Into a name
rmi°?lr°if0tt*?,'ed '" a *flrribto "Taignment
.     .     ,'   "'",; !ln(1  WdtOBKH,   UII  llnally
the middle of a sentence thai was never
imlshi'd Benton, white with rage, arose
rrom h s Kent. and. passing around through
Mie lobby and back of Uie red balio screens,
entered  ho aisle hading to route's desk.
foote Immediately advanced to the open
i--pace   In   front   of   lhe   Speaker's   chair,
ward uttered   PftW,nB B revolver as im moved,
uu llie Senate    *r''e entire chamber snd galleries were In
Imitative;-    !ft" "Pfoar i» a second and several of th*
I'aler Semitl. this een-1 women BDOotatori fainted. Dodge, of Wis.
ca forth a full llde or M|oonBin, Jumped In front or lleuton and
lltlesna were ever listened !'.,,,'k.,.,,tl J'1!!,'I'VlV wllU.° P14"1"1 ?: -W«Wn:
or us COUld Ibi1
volubility ami
use disputant."
isertod   thu!    Benton
Iiiii by
llll hemlm
>'d his
t he wns cool nml nni'x-
I   away   by  sudden   and
i; not Instigated by fool-
lllell revenue.   And Ihen
listiiiKiiisiie<i Mlssourlan
Itnrgod   that   there   Were
mt   hud   most   hldeouHly.  ,,,;,',•'
days of
i Inoldenta of
elleve any
i New York, rushed upon root* and
wiib  n  i|uic|(  movement snatched  th*
weapon from his baud.
During Um uproar Benton could be
hoard exclaiming:—
"I have uu pistol, Stand out of the way.
hot hlm lb -'.   I disdain to carry anna,   l.st
ttie assassin Dru."
Mr.   Clayi—"I   hope  Uiat order will b*
"A pistol bus been brought her* to MM*
- " yelled Bin ton] "tn* Booumlrel
much of i
...  - :    Uul,  waiving all and everything,  l-'ootu
If they only could. ,*•***** gave "the Senate and the country io nn-
And looking lovingly Into each «««■ Lj^,,^ Ulll[ ir Mr> Bonton win „ckm(Wl.
they slowly warnle red inff, «W"f etlfg himself responsible to tl.e laws of
his shoulders,  curnei wind,   tho   birds   ond   the   proOK   *°*™«- ■]„„„»■ |„. shall be uecommndated to pistols
f the thicket. I sighed nnd moaned for the twin hemloegs, fn|.   fc .  ^   nQ.   dt,no|)||l.e  ,,
The Only Time a Gun Was Pulledi^
in Congress.
ENATOIMAL    chivalry    is    often Koote,  of Mississippi,  slngulMly enough
thrown to lhc winds in the Rcuor.il men from the same States as the prin-
whirr of the national legislative
machine iu Washington, and Congressional forensies reduced to
listleuffs-but the gravest and most
thrilling   distinction   that   has
had spent so many happy days with Annie, looking with longing eyes Upon the
hemlock trees and other familiar objects,!
lust  as  the  wanderer after long absence'
from homo comes back and views familiar!occurred   dllPln*   parliamentary   proceed-
acenea.   Presently ho rested hla head In his ln«B was precipitated In the Senate Cham-
hand and sobbed. ber threo score years ago betweon Thomas
"This Is too mueh for me,"  said  the Hart Benton, of Mlssosrl, and Hanry 8.
clpal* In the most recent episode.
It was the only time that a revolver has
ever been drawn by one member of Congress upon another In debate.
lf ono could forget the -Senate scene of
April 17,18*50, and were not confronted with
excerpts from the Congress l*onu1 Record
that detailed that parliamentary cyclone,
and oould think of Poole only aa he ap-
coward,    Such  language Is unfit for this
udietiee.    Hm it ne wishes to patch up
reputation for courage, now greatly on
wane, he wlll certainly hnve un op-
unlly of doing so whenever he makes
known his desire in tne premises."
To this llery denunciation Bonton returned:—"I pronounce It cowardly to give
Insults where they cannot bo chaBtlaed.
Can I take a cudgel to hlm? Ib a Senator
to be blackguarded here In the discharge
of hla duty and the culprit go unpunished? Is language to be used hero which
would not be permitted to be used in the
lowest pothouse, tavern or oyster cellar,
and for the use of which he would be
turned out of any tavern by a decent landlord?"
Theao oMvaJrou* festivities were a few
times Interrupted by faint call* for ordtr, for the purpose of
hud no reason io think 1 was armed."
"1 brought It hor* tu defend myself,"
cried Poole. "My friends urged me to that,
being diminutive in slug uud guito feublt in
When the principals wer* quieted. Immediately calls for the lloor were heard from
all porta of the Senate. Suggestions wer*
■nude by several Senator* pro and con for
thu appointment of an Investigating committee. Benton repeatedly demanded of
the Senate lhat It take oognlsano* of ths
fact that a pistol "had been brought to
assassinate" him. But no one would make
the  motion.
Mr. Clay said that instead of an Investigating committee he would be satisfied
If the Senators would give their word af
honor that they would drop th* quarrel
during the session.
To tills proposal Benton disdainfully replied :-
"I have done nothing on God Almighty's
earth to authorise any man to charge ma
with a breuoh of the peace, and I will rot .
In Jail before 1 will give a promise admit-,
ting Uiat the charge Is true."
"I shall always wear arms," Pool|
spoke up, "when I suppose t am In duug.-j


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