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Cranbrook Herald Apr 21, 1921

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Second In Series
Of Mining Lett°
A.  U.  Langley  of  Ke*\ .stoke
Addresses Uatlierlng In City
Hull un Tuesdny
Tin. sen.ml lecturo ot a scries whlcb
was arranged by the local Proapeo*.
tors' Association was delivered by Mr.
a. o. Langley, resident Mining Hngln-
oor, or Revelstoke, before a well attended meeting of prospectors mid citizens In tlie City Halt on Tuesday ev-
onlngs 'I'l'*' president of llu. Association- Mr. & Q. I**vuus, of Marysville,
ocouplsd the choir,
Mr. Langley st-nted that he had divided his subject Into two division:',
mineralogy and on deposits. In referring to the first topic, mention was
made of tliu taol that all minerals
arc comprised of chemical eoiuposl-
liun.i. according to definite proportions. Thero aro somo eighty-three
known elements found In or on the
earth's crust, including oxygen and
hydrogen, and froni thesq elements
the different minerals hud been pro
duced by the action of various forces
and factors. All minerals could be
reduced to a chemical formula, which
were constantly employed tn estimating the metal percentages of ores. Mr.
Langley proceeded to show how various simple tests could be employed
to determine the character and content of various ores. Weight, gen>
er&l appearance, hardness and type
of crystal mi tion to the careful observer Indicated quite frequently the nature of the mineral. Simple acid tests
were also frequently employed, especially In the case of lime deposits.
The second part of Mr. Langley's
address, on ore deposits, Is dealt with
moro fully in this article. It deals
with particular conditions encountered in this district, and characteristic
indications In regard to ore, showings.
Mr. Langley was followed by U.S.
Consul N. P. Brand, of Fernle. Commenting on the fact that the consular
service was more concerned with as*
pects of commence than iti by-gone
days, he declared his firm belief In
the natural resources of Kootenay.
Important as the agricultural possibilities are his belief was that mining
especially, and also lumbering, would
play the greater part in the development of the district. In referring to
tho J35.000.000 worth of exports from
Kootenay he ventured to say that tbis
was a record for a population not exceeding 75,000. His experience at
other consular stations led lilm to believe that East Kootenay had a glorious future. He commended tho excellent work of the local hoards of
trade and In particular their energetic secretaries. In forwarding particulars to lilm regarding any promising mineral claims, he urged that tne
fullest information possiblo be given.
Such information would have a better
opportunity of coming under the attention of thoso who wero seeking to
Invest. The United States hnvlng
reaped a tremendous financial harvest
in the first years of the wa** possessed
vast sums awaiting favorable opportunity for investment, and Consul
Brand pointed out that it was in the
interest of all concerned that this
money should flow again In tho channels of commerce, This country wns
beginning to realize that such an unwieldy adverse trade balance against
Canada was nol altogether In Its own
A hearty vHv of thanks wis passe"
to both speakers -for tbelr addresses In tho Interest of the development of Bolt Koolenay.
On Wednesday afternoon Mr. Lang-
ley was nt tho city hall for discussion
of any questions arising out or tho
Specimens which woro on exhibition.
Ho himself brought a fine collection
of specimens from all ovtr tho continent, and tliere were as well some
eighteen or twenty specimens of distinct Blast Koolenay types on display.
Unfortunately thai* was nol « greal
many toady to avail thomselvts of
thll opportunity to discuss their problems informally with Mr. Unglay, or
to gel B better knowledge Ol general
mining conditions, as wus presented
nt this time.
Mr. Langtoy'l address ou oro deposits was as follows:
Thoro aro many differ nt classifications of ore deposits, but hardly nny
two nro identical. For the purpose of
tkls lecture 1 am going to glW a simple classification which can be rowdily
understood and followed by anyone
familiar with mining.
1. Fissuro veins. Sheared fissures.
Bheoted zones,   llcdded fissures.
2. Replacement deposits.
8,   Contact metaniorphlc deposits.
4. Magnetic Segregation or Differentiation.
5. Bedded doposlts.
In Igneous rocks no doubt many of
tho fissures have boon formed by contraction of tho rock mass on cooling,
whllo others hnvo beon formed by
Btrossc3 brought to boar by movements
of tho crust- Fissures ln sedimentary
rocka may bo attribute/' to .thla latter
Tho deepest seated fissures which
lead far Into the Interior of tho earth,
where the rock Is In a molten condition have been filled with volcanic
(Continued on Page 6)
If the measure now under consideration by the U.S. government goes into effect, a new import duty will bo placud on all
-BlC.'flr and spruce going Into
the United States. The proposal
Ih to' allow ull lumber except
theso two kinds to continue on
tho free list for the protection
>' of tliu American Northwest lumberman.* The proposed now tariff Is on a varying scale, und
will go as high us l-.fso por
thousand in* "Inisl.lug lumber.
Ouo propo "*ji to Impose 11-00
Iter ili-ius. in rough lumber,
$1.50 per nd on    lumper
finished on *.       loand V-M
per thousand f el on lumber
dressed on  two    sides.    Some
claim It will in Id $100 to the cost
of the  ordinary  small    cottage
built In the western States.
» ♦  ♦■■♦■■
♦  ♦  ♦  ♦  ♦-♦—♦-♦—♦■
Change Made Iu Court Venue
Which Fernle Does Not
Tuke Kindly To
Tho sudden death occurring
Tuesday morning of James Howard,
whilst ut his work as a teamster
the government road crew, created a
sensation in the city. Death came so
suddenly that it was very vividly
brought home how "in the midst of
life we are in death."
Mr, Howard was quite well known
n the city, and a real old-timer, having been here for twenty-two or twenty-three years. He was a single man
and of quiet disposition, respected by
those he had dealings with as an honest and straightforward character, He
was apparently between 55 and 60
years of age.
Deceased drove in on Tuesday morning for a load of hay and oats, and
was loading hay on the wagon with
John Manning, into whose store he
had been to place the order. A number of bales were loaded up, and Mr.
Manning left deceased at tho shed adjoining the O. W. V. A. building, telling him to drive round to the Baker
street warehouse for the oats. Mr.
Manning waited for ten or fifteen minutes for the team to show up, and
then made his way back to see the
reason for the delay, only to find that
Howard had collapsed and was already dead. Help had already reached
him, but he was beyond all human
aid. Mr. Manning recalls that dur-
ng the operation of loading up the
iiay. deceased had seemed to stumble
or fall, cutting his face slightly, but
uo attention was paid to tho occurrence by the deceased, apparently.
Heart failure was obviously the
cause of death, nnd the remains are
heing held at the undertaking parlors
pending arrangements for the funeral.
Tho death took placo very suddenly on Sunday afternoon last, April 17,
of Edward Hawkins, nt hts home on
Hanson Avenue. He was seventy-
two years of age. and passed away
quietly following a hud coughing spell,
his heart obviously falling from tho
strain of the coughing. Ono son,
Al. Hawkins, a railroad engineer,
and also a married daughter,
Mrs. Smith, are resident hero, and
there Is another son in California,
from whom word was received that he
was ii liable to be present at the funeral.
Burial look place on Wednesday, n
sorvlco being held In the afternoon at
(lie  Methodist    church,    Uev. it. W.
t.e0 officiating. Interment was made
In the family plot nt the cemetery,
where Ihe wife of tho decensed was
laid to rest sonic threo years ago. The
pall hearers at thc funeral on Wednesday were nil railroad engineers.
Men  arc at   work  ln  Torco on  the
Cranbrook-Fort Bteela road, and in
widening out parts of the road, ami
taking off somo bad corners, nro effecting somo highway betterments
imt autolsts in general ought to ap-
predate this coming season.
A brief announcement made In the
columns of the Herald last week announcing tiie opening of tho criminal
assises hero on May 10th, carried
wiili It a significance that many probably failed to realize. It has.been customary iiii to the present time to hold
tlie criminal assizes in Fernie, uud
this will he the first time in the hstory
of the district that they have been hold
in Crunbrook.    No announcement of
the change was made other than the
official notice lu the B.C. Gazette, but
the change is exactly along tlie line
of a resolution passed at the annual
mooting of tho Cranbrook Board of
Trado a few weeks ago, though it is
safo lo say that no one expected such
speedy action on thc matter, if indeed
any action at all was looked for, many
taking tho resolution as bolng merely
to bring the matter to the attention
of tho goyemment.
Naturally Pernie *>es not take altogether kindly to the change, and the
Pernie Free Press in its last issue
carries a little paragraph on the subject. It hits upon a motive for the
change which may or may not be correct, but there are many who feel at
the same time that Pernie*s claim to
be "the capital of the East Kootenay"
will not stand very close examination.
The Free Press says:
"The British Columbia Gazette en-
nounced in the last Issue that the
criminal and civil assizes for East
Kootenay will be held at Cranbrook
commencing May 10, and Fernle civil
assizes Mny 18. This will be the first
time in history that tho criminal assizes have been held in Cranbreek,
and quite naturally this decision on
the part of the government has
caused considerable consternation among the legal fraternity and business
men here. The only conclusion in
placing the responsibility for this
slight upon the capital of the East
Kootenay is vindictive political spite—
Fernie electors did not send a member to the legislative assembly who
supports tho present administration.
There is. of course, the argument that
Cranbrook from a geographical viewpoint should be the city wherein the
criminal assizes should be held, but
without casting reflections or criticisms upon our sister city of the Kootenays. Fernie is the centre of population and in so far as accommodation
is concerned Cranbrook is hopelessly
inadequate. It would therefore appear
that those In whose hands the power
of directing affairs of this nature are
placed, are more desirous of satisfying political friends than conserving the welfare or interest of the
general public."
The spring open meeting of Knox
.hurch Womens' Missionary Society
was held In the Schoolroom on Friday
evening. April 15. Rev. Jos. PhllpB.
it.A., U.P, of Baynes Lake, who
hns preached here so acceptably many
times during the vacancy in Knox
church, gnvo a lecture on his trip to
thc Holy Land, and his great power
if description coupled with his high
sense of humor made the address
provo very Interesting lo the large
audience present.
Mrs. Norgrovo sang a solo In her
usual ploaatng manner.
After thc close of the meeting tho
iZfiCUtlve met nnd passed tho follow-
ng resolution:
"Resolved, thnt we place on record
our Irreparable loss in that the Master has seen fit to remove from our
midst Mrs ll. El. ucottle, n charter
member of our Society. She was ever
.dncero and whole-henrted which added greatly to thc strength of our Soc-
Tho proceeds of the ovoning amounted to $65,00,
H. Johnston, of Yahk, passed awny
nt the hospital on Tuesday morning
of this weok. He underwent nn operation for appendicitis two or three
weeks ago, and seemed to make
good recovery, so good, in fact, that
ho wns up nud came into the city at
the end ot last week. On Saturday,
however, complications set in, and a
second operation was found necessary.
From this, too, he seemed at first to
make a fair recovery, but a relapse
set In on Monday, and he passed away
the following morning.
Deceased was a native of Stellar-
ton, Nova Scotia, and was about thirty years of age. Hts father, Captain
Johnson, of the Salvation Army, Is
still ut Stelliirton. Deceased had boon
working at Yahk for some time.
The funeral will probably take place
tomorrow, Friday,
On Thursday nftornoon nt the Maple Hall tho regular monthly meet
Ing of tho Cranbrook Women's Con
servatlve Association was held. There
wns a good ottondanco, about thirty
ladies being present, and an enthusiastic meeting resulted. Mrs. E. L,
Staples, the president, was In the
The main feature of the business
session from three to four wns a pap-
or given by Mrs. J. H. Melghen, dealing with whnt the present union government stands for. Space for this
may bo found ln next week's Issue. At
tho next meeting, which will be held
on Thursday, Mny 10th, a debate on
tho tariff question will be held.
Tho business sessions are held from
3 o'clock to 4 o'clock, and thla Is fallowed by a open tea and social time
from four till about 5.30. This part
or tho program on Thursday was very
much appreciated.
Power Contracts Hltfiietl I all int:
For Delivery of Muny Thousand Horsepower
Although it was at tl.e beginning of
the yeur that tiio ratepayers of the
city voted on the agreement proposed
with the B.C. and Alberta Tower Co.,
for the supply of electrical power in
bulk to the city at rates which ure ex
peeled to allow of a wholesale reduc
tion In the price now being paid here
by consumers of electrical energy for
light and power purposes, it was only
last week that the agreement was formally signed by tho city authorities,
Mr. J. C. Donald, secretary and general manager of the B-C. and Alberta
Power Co., with headquarters at Fernie, was in the city last Thursday, aud
took back with him on Friday the
agreement duly executed by the city,
in accordance with tho terms of the
agreement and by-law -voted on by the
peoplo early in the year. With Mr.
Donald was Mr. A. B. Sanburn, also
of Fernie. Mr. Sanburn is ono of the
directors In the company, and Is a
technically trained man with a gojd
deal of naval engineering to his credit
ln tho States. Like Mr. Donald, he too
has purchased a homo ln Fernie,
which city the company is making tho
centre of its operations.
Mr. Donald very kindly tutntshed
the Herald with some Interesting par*
ticulars concerning the progress o.'
the power project at Bull Hlver. The
contracts which the company now has
with the cities of Cranbrook and Fernie for the supply of power only represent a small portion of the business
which the company has In sight, a
number of the collieries of tho Crow's
Nest Pass having contracted for electrical power in qomg xinen running
as high* as 1,000 horsepower. Cranbrook and Fernle are each contracting
for 250 horsepower. In addition to the
contracts already signed up, totalling
several thousand horsepower, there
are potential users which may become
responsible for other large contracts,
and ultimately the harnessing of the
Elk River Falls fs likely to come, as
part of the general scheme of electrical development. The B.C. and Alberta Company has already acquired
the water rights In connection with
these falls, and recently took over
as well all the assets of the Bull River Power Co., in the form of water
rights in connection with Bull River.
The B.C. and Alberta Co. has recently
increased its authorized capital from
one million to two millions, but not
a single share in the company has as
yet been offered for public sale, nor
ls such a course contemplated in the
near future.
According to Mr. Donald the Installation of two 3,600 horsepower units
is planned at Bull River, to consist of
Francis type reaction turbines, designed to operate on a net effective head
of 280 feet.
This machinery, with trie generators, switchboards and step-up
transformers, has been contracted for,
together with nll the neceBBary equipment for the transmission lines, Including 250 miles of copper wire, ths
poles, Insulators and all the pole line
hardware. The generators will supply 3-phase 00 cycle 2,300 volt energy,
and this will be stepped up (o €6,000
volts for economical transmission.
Tho plnns of the company call for a
hundred miles of transmission lines.
The line from Bull River to Cranbrook will be nineteen miles in length
nnd the city will bo entered on Kane
Street, down which the lino will run
to the city power station. From Bull
River to Fernle Is stvonteen miles,
nnd from Pernio to lllllcrest, where
the company has also entered Into
a power contract, is a further fifty-one
To ensure the delivery of power on
time as specified by the contracts already entered into, tho company has
a 1,200 horsepower unit on hand
which can be Instated if there seems
nny likelihood of the delivery of the
main units being delayed. Mr. C. J-
Calnon will be tho resident engineer
and conatructon superintendent at
Bull River when the work commences.
Work on the dam will commence
when the water goes down. At the
present time materials for the concrete work are bolng gathered on the
ground, such as the forms, construction mnchlnery, etc., and when the
work Is actually commenced, which
will be some tlmo about May or June,
thero will be a force of sixty men or
moro employed. Tho dam will be
8,400 feet up the stream from the power house, and tho latter will be built
a abort distance above  th*  govarn-
New Features Planned for Vic
torln Day Celebration Will
Make It The Best Vet
The arrangements for the 24th of
.May celebration are proceeding favorably. Dr. Rutledge haa just returned from Calgary wliere he arranged for a good racing program, which
bids fair to exceed that of last year
in class, The committee In charge"**
iliis branch of iho program are not
spiuing themselves in their endeavor
to line up the best that can be obtained and they assuro the publio that
there will he no disappointment
as far as the horse racing is concerned, Tho program will consist of
i rotters, paoerSi and running ImrseB,
and also provides for the tistiul Indian
pony contests.
Ah fur us football is concerned it
looks very much as If Cranbrook will
not have a team entered. However
ihe Intention of those In charge is to
have two tennis from the Crow League
play, und tlie teams that are obtained
can be depended on to satisfy tho de-
sires of tho followers of this sport.
Tho baseball program will provide
for morning und evening games. The
entries heing Fertile, Wardner and
Cranbrook, so that this part of the
day's entertainment will b0 well looked after.
Plans for the local street carnival
ire in tlie making and point, to some
real fun, quite a change from the
■'gouging" tactics of outside fakirs
who add nothing to tho enjoyment of
lhe day to any but themselves.
Street parade plans are rapidly
reaching completion nnd it looks as
-hough the committeo attending to
ihis have an ambition to make the
old timers forget tlie glories o the
parades of olden times.
The kiddles are going to get their
share of attention on this day, those
In cliargo of this part, having a few
surprises up their sleeves for the Juniors.
All in all, everything points to this
14th of May being 'the Day," and the
biggest day ever planned for the entertainment of tlie .people of the district.
A general meeting is to be held on
Priday night, April 22nd, at 8 p.m., to
complete matters. Try and get there
if you can as this is the most important meeting ot the series that have
been held.
The annual meeting of the Women's
Missionary Society of the Methodist
hurcli took place on Thursday afternoon at tlie Parsonage, when officers
for the year were elected. The Society now has a membership of about
The Lew officers are as follows:
President  Mrs. A. W. Hodgson
Vice-President ... Mrs. W. H. Wilson
Corresponding Secretary
Mrs. W. F. Attrldge
Recording Secretary
Mrs. W. C. Adlard
Treasurer   Mrs. J. Chester
Supt. of Christian Stewardship
Mrs. O. W. Patmore
Strangers*' Secretary
Mrs. W. G. Morton
An installation service was conducted by Rev. R. W. Lee, paator, upon
lie completion of the election of the
new officers. Refreshments were served and a social time enjoyed before
the meeting dispersed.
Mr. Fred Smith, Toronto, Dominion
director of the Y.M.C.A. Physical Department, was a visitor at the local
"Y" Friday and Saturday of last week.
A brief visit wns paid to the high
school on Friday when Mr. Smith
gave a practical talk on the right and
wrong pluce of athletics. He urged
the boys to make tho body efficient ln
jrder that the "real mnn" might liavo
the best chance. In the evening at
the request of the Navy Leuguo he
took charge of the physical exercises,
finding tho boys in good shape and
promising splendid results as they
proceed with their program of work.
Although over the three-score year
mark as regards years, Mr. Smith
donned a gym suit and showed himself
the match of many a mnn half his
(Special to the Herald)
INVERMERE, B.C., April 21.
—The sale has Just been completed lo Capt. Albert H. McCarthy, of Xew York and the
Windermere, of E. B. Stoddart's
ranch and other lands on the
west side of Lake \Vinderuic,.v.
comprii ng fivty-five hu.idred
acres. The work of developing
the property as a thoroughlj
modern tcef cattlo rutch, by the
introduction of all the *■ o&t up-
to-date appliances and b.i.idliigs
will bo pone on wit * at once.
Capt. McCarthy's capital la understood to be practically unlimited, and ho Intends backing this
ranch, thc "K 8" to the limit.
It will be by long odds the largest and most modern beef cattle
ranch In tlie Kootenay district
of B.C.
-♦-♦-♦■♦■♦■■♦ -♦■■■♦■♦ ♦  » e-e-
There was a good turnout at the
Uolf Club meeting held at the city
hall last Friday evening. Mr. E. L,
Staples, president sat at the head of
lho tabic, and Mr. W. R, Grubbe, sec
retury, rocorded the proceedings of
uf the meeting.
lt wus decided that tho ofllcial opening of tho links, which had boon sot
for this week be postponed for one
week, aud this will accordingly tuke
place on Wednesday next, April 27th.
On this day tho links will be open to
all, everyone being made welcome-
Tho club is hoping that there will be
,i good attendance at tho links on this
In order to stimulate interest in the
game among the younger people, the
club decided that the children of members under the age of sixteen years
may be admitted free and given the
use of tiie links at any time excepting Saturdays, Sundays. Wednesdays
and holidays. By this means It is
hoped that some of the young people
will be encouraged to take up the
game, and ultimately provide new
membership material for the club.
Tho matter of the formal incorporation of the club is being discussed, and Mr. G. J. Spreull will look
into the matter and advise as to the
necessary procedure. This step is
thought of to put the club on more of
a permanent basis, and will put things
on a more businesslike footing especially as regards the ownership of the
club property. As recently mentioned
the club has purchased the grounds
comprising the links, a tract of more
than a hundred acrea, from the Cranbrook Estates.
The dues for the present year are
now payable, and the secretary would
appreciate it if the members saw to
It that they are squared up for the
season. The prompt payment of the
dues is hoped for, and these have still
been kept at the same level as last
year, namely, ?25 for gentlemen and
$15 for ladies.
Mr. Louis Anderson, the club professional, who is devoting his mornings to the Interests ot the club and
the care of the links, is ready in the
afternoon, or any convenient Ume, to
give instruction to any who desire to
avail themselves of his services.
The members of the club will be called on very shortly to take part in a
clean-up campaign on the links, when
teams of workers will set to work and
put tho links In good shape so far as
is possible in this way. Now that
tlie links are being fenced, some pro-
Islon will have to be made io keep the
grass cut down, and this will he attended to during the season.
ment bridge. The masonry of the dam
will be of reinforced hollow concrete,
and will be 210 feet wide, and 20 feet
In height. From tho dam to the power
plant 8,400 feet of seven-foot wood-
stave .pipe will be laid, and the water
will enter tho turbines through a six
foot steel penstock.
In tts calculations the company Is
making ample allowance for friction
losses arid wastage, allowing one
horsepower for every cubic foot of
water on an eleven foot drop.
From this It will be seen that the
B.C. and Alberta Power Company Is
going into the project seriously, and
that they are doing their part to live
up to the contracts entered Into with
tho different big power consumers,
which, unless r.ome Interferences over
which there l» no human control appear, are likely to be kept to the letter.
Word has been received that Rev.
0. W. McKay, B.A., pastor designate
of Knox church, may bo expected to
arrive here In time to conduct the services on Sunday, Muy 1st. Mr. McKay is at present In Vancouver, and It
is understood that Mrs. McKay and
daughter will remain at the Coast for
somo time. Miss McKay is attending
.chool tliere, and at the close of school
term, they may bo expend to Join
Mr. McKay here.
As stated last week Mr- McKay
comes to Knox church as stated supply for six months. He comes originally from Ontario, and hia household
goods are still in the east it Is understood, so that it Is not likely the family will take steps to thoroughly-JiCt-
tle down here till the duration of their
stay becomes more decided.
-*■»♦-» •
Ileeklo.—At lho Cottage Hospital,
on Tuosday. April 19th. to Mr. and
Mra. J. Reekie, ol Cranbrook, a son.
Walker.—On Saturday. April ICth,
lo Mr. and Mra. J. Walkor, ot Yahk,
ut tho Cotlanc Hospital, a son.
Horn.—To Mr. and Mra. Ben. Bartholomew, of Cranbrook, on Saturday,
April 16th, at the Cottage botpltal, a
Reports on Mining
Dist. at Convention
The Number of Small Producers
And Prospects   Worked In
Kootenays Is Encouraging
At the annual meeting of the B.C
Division of the Canadian Institute of
-Mining and Metallurgy, hold at the
Coast a few weeks ago, tho district
resident mining engineers presented
icports covering their territories, und
these were amongst the most Interesting items on the convention program.
Mr, a. ti. Langley, of Revelstoke, resident engineer for Dlstrlcl No. i, covering the Kootenays, gave the follow-
ng comprehensive report covering the
activities of his district durng the past
year: (
Mr. Langley said: The district has
witnessed more than usual activity
among the smaller properties and
prospects, which were not seriously
affected by labor shortage or Interfered with by strikes. On the other
band the larger producers were greatly hampered by these conditions,-more
especially in the predominant silver-
lead district, the Slocan, where a
strike called by the O.B.U. in May
greatly curtailed production and tho
development of many properties until
late iu the year.
The outstanding featurt ot tho year
was the Increase in production of tho
Sullivan mine, owned and operated by
the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company, The number of small producers and number of prospects worked each year Is quite remarkable, at
lhe same time significant of tlie potentialities of the district. The*- shipping
list of the district includes between 70
and SO names, while there nre at least
U many more upon whicli development work ts being done.
Naturally enough the attention or
field engineers and mining men lias
been attracted more frequently to
'.hose areas near the main arteries of
•ransporiation. and we find the majority of shipping properties are
grouped in close proximity to lake or
rail, but there is a time coming when
capital will have to go further afield
than In the past, and then the less
easily accessible properties of the district will receive greater and more
careful consideration.
It Is such properties as these that
the Department of Mines has aided
very substantially, by giving assistance under the "Aids to Mines Act"
towards road and trail construction,
always with a view to opening up the
country and to the advancement of
mining generally throughout the province. Of course applications for benefit under this act. made by companies or individuals operating in established camps, also receive due consideration. The recommendation that
assistance be given fs made to the
Honorable Minister of Mines by tbe
Resident Engineer, after the property
is examined.
At by far the largest number of properties, silver-lead-zinc ores are being
mined. The metals produced in order
of the gross Talue of production, based on the average prices for the year,
are as follows: Zinc, lead, silver,
gold, copper, representing a total val-
of about $10,000,000. plus the value
of the coal produced by the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company, makes the
total mineral production of the district between 114,000,000 and 113.000,-
000, which Is a large increase over
that of last year.
East Kootenay
The bulk of the zinc wa? mined by
the Sullivan mine at Kimberley. as
was also about WU of the lead. This
deposit of silvtr-lead-zlnc ore is probably the largest ot its kind on the American continent, but it was only in
recent years that the metallurgical
problems were solved, which allowed
the mining and treatment of the ore
on an economic basis, In other words
is possibilities aa a producer depended on suitable separation for the recovery of the metallic constituents.
In order to accomplish this the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company
erected a Urge electrolytic zinc refinery at Trail, and also spent considerable sums on tag installation of
magnetic and oil flotation .oncentra-
tors. Not only has a satisfactory flow
sheet been worked out, but great
strides have been made In reducing
the costs of production. The ore Is
an Intimate mixture of zinc blonde,
galena, pyrrhotlte, and iron pyrites.
Other important producers of silver-
lead ore in East Kootenay wero the
Paradise mine, at Invermere, the
North SUr at Klmberley, the St. Eugene at Moyle at the Monarch at Field.
In the Slocan where about 55% of
tho ellver, and a largo percentage, of
the lead was produced in spite of al-
verBe labor conditions, the following
properties wero the principal producers: The combined Cunningham
mines, Including the Queen Bess, Idaho-Alamo, Wonderful and Sovorolgn;
followed by |the Roscburry-Surprise
Mining Oo'a. properties, namely, tho
Surprise and Bosun mines, then tho
Silversmith, Standard, and Rambler-
(OontiBttod on Page S) PAGE TWO
Thursday, April 21st, 1931
it muy lie that your tyes are becoming
weak and you are afraid to acknow-
leileo it- That In tlle way with a good
many people, botli old and young.
Tiie young, particularly, seem afraid
to admit tlieir falling s'glit, but it is
uo novelty nowadays and certainly no
disgrace, Wo will remedy nny defective eyesight nulckiy, accurately and
Ht 10W COBt.
0|illl'laus   and   Jewellers
Cbt Cranbrook fitrald
Published every Thursday.
A. WILLIAMS,.Editor & muiiagor
ittkiwrlptlen Prico, KM t Year
HbMU-lpUoB Mm, UA, KM t lev
curriculum of the schools. Already the school course ls burdened with a multiplicity of
studies, but as an option it
might well be considered. Agriculture, as covered by a two
years' course, Is already a special high school subject, and at
present it is receiving marked
attention in the agricultural
sections. Special grants are
given to this work by the Dom.
inlon government. It might be
well to consider elementary geology and mineralogy In place
of agriculture for those districts especially interested in
mining and possibly the same
special help could be rendered
in Ihis case. Members of such
a class could be'given an opportunity during the summer to accompany active prospectors in
the hope that from time to time
some real practical mining men
might be forthcoming In the
Tut ure for the further development of our mineral resources.
Such associations as the prospectors' body would do well to
draw the educational department's attention to this matter.
UW1U  ■   MlMleni   Without  ft HBMle"
l'rlftt.tl hr UftUn  Labor
No letter, to tbo odltor will bo loiort-
od ozoopt ovor tbo proper .(.nature
■Ad addroll of tbo writer. Tbo rule
admit* of no exception.
Advertising Ratoe Ob Application.
Channel for Advertising MUST bo In
tbli offloe Wedneoday noon tbo current
weok to eecure attention.
THURSDAY, APRIL 21st, 1921
ere are more
jle;^5OTiran3^i>iF baking
RAOTfr Jii.   .■■■"■■
..  . -*. %;ibm..!%'. i V * -. ■ ii #1.^-   "il •* .-il1!
I- >i toNTAlHS rfO'ALU*? :*-'--
tWIKTl  II1B8 100
fixtracte from the Crnnbrook
Herald ot this date, 1300
Nelson Senior Girls
Guards, Dorothy Wliltmoro and Audrey Blnneliard; eontrt, Eileen Long;
forwards, Charlotte Notman and Grace
Miller;  snares, Marjory Ingram.
rraiiliro.il. Senior Olrls
Guards, Laura Trtvarrow, Bessie
Woodmau; centre, Edith Eastman;
forwards, Edith McDonald, Hettle
-Blankenbaeh; spares, Jenule Hopkins,
Marlon liruniinond.
-Nels(,n High Boys
Guards, Hoy Brndshaw, Ronald
Sinythe; centre, Maurice Walley; forwards, Ted McVlcur, Herbert Pitts;
spare, William \Vuldie.
ITiiUhniek trlgll Hoys
Guards, Verne Woodman, Leonard
Burton; centre, Warren Spence; forwards, Arthur Gill, Olio QUI; nparo,
Robert Beaton.
K. C. Hunt reft reed lhe games.
For some time the province
has been devoting more or less
public funds to the production
of picture films, especially those
relating to the scenery of the
province.   An attempt has also
been made to cover some   of
the industries,   but   little  has
been done yet outside of   the
fishing and lumbering   industries-   It would   appear   that
there Ib ample opportunity, and
certainly a need for filming the
mining Industry of the province.   Some attempt is   being
made in this district to interest
the community in the mining
opportunities at its very doors.
Technical lectures may   do
something to interest the average citizen, but the   presentation of mining activities on the
screen would awaken a deeper
Interest in the   industry.   Efforts might be made to   have
the processes of   mining   and
smelting as carried on at such
places as Kimberley and Trail
featured on the screens,   and
put on circuit in other territories.   If the film department of
thc province is to function   to
the best advantage It should in
dude in its program much more
than scenery and big game.
A (lianre I.er Her
Mrs. Ralph Smith lias become t
member of the British Columbia gov
eminent, but without a portfolio and
without a salary. These may come ln
time. Whtn women took seats In the
legislature the door to the premier's
ofrico was opened to them. The rest
only requires patience and persistence,
and perll*aps persistence more than
patience. Mrs. Smith is credited with
plenty of persistence.—Montreal Gazette.
Tho number ot pntroiiB ol the otoo*
trh- iighi company is Increasing every
Arrangements are being made for
Um organisation or an I.O.O.P. Encampment in Cranhrook.
Rev. II. Ileuehani of Trail arrived
last week and lias taken charge of the
Anglican church uf Cranbrook.
The North Star mine lias been shipping at ilie rate of UO tons a day for
the past week. Thero are eighty men
employed in and nround the mine.
The ice on Moyie Like will soon b8
a thing of the past, anil as soon as it
goes, Moyle will have two sawmills
running at full time.
Dr. J. H. King has been appointed
medical health officer for Iho district extending from Kootenay Lake
to Michel.
Cuuiidliiiibliig Tlie Foreigner
Tlie problem of Canadianlzing the
foreign bum is a serious one In every
provinco of tlie Dominion. In Saskatchewan the Canadian born population
Is estimated nt only 54.5 per cent, of
the whole, and the provinces of Alberto und Manitoba havS*about the same
proportion ot native born population,
in British Columbia, while the propor*
lino ot the native bom la larger the
problem is made even more difficult
hy tlie fact thut the foreign population
aomilosod principally ot Orientals
whoso standards of civilization are
totally at variance with those of the
Anglo-Saxon. —* Canadian Municipal
The Truths Tlmt Emerge
Contrary to the beliefs of the owl-
like assembled wisdom at Ottawa
these truths would emerge from even
a superficial study of the Canadian
railway problem: 1. Public ownership
is not to blame for Canada's railway
deficit. 2. Canada is not tbe only
country in tlie world that ls afflicted
witli railway deficits. 3. Canada's deficit on public ownership railways Is
not greatly In excess of deficits un
Britain's privately-owned railways,
and is less than the deficit on prlvato-
ly-owned railways In the U.S.A—Toronto Telegram.
I'he Hoys' Game is Very Closely
Contested, anil Itesult Wus
In Duuiit Till the Last
The liquor legislation of this
province has apparency made
little appeal to the shrewd and
conservative people of Ontario,
It does not appear to have the
gilt edge mark viewed from a-
far that lt seems to bear to some
within the province. Ontario,
by an overwhelming vote has
decided to throw In its lot with
the prairie provinces and make
importation of liquor lmpossi
ble so far as the law Is able. A
chain of sister provinces now
cuts off B.C. and Quebec, which
are about to experiment with
the government control of liquor. If this province had taken
a similar course and voted on
the same proposition as Ontar-
and the prairie provinces, there
is no doubt that British Columbia would have been added to
the dry column to the great advantage of Alberta In the working out of its liquor laws, as
well as to its own advantage.
Already the commission has
declared that its task is looming up heavier and heavier every day. In due time It will be
quite evident that government
control of liquor is a harder
proposition than the enforcement of total prohibition.
The two basketball teams which
wont to Nelson, the High School team
and the Senior Girls team, lost their
respective games to their opponents
on Saturday night at tlie Central
school there.
The girls' game was fast and clean,
and play was pretty even, but the Nelson girls won out by tholr superior
shooting.   At half time tlie score was
to 7 ln favor of Nelson, a lead that
was udvunced to 10 to 8 In favor of
Nelson at the end of the second period.
The boys game .proved to bo one of
the best of tlie season, Within five
minutes of the opening of tlie game
Cranbrook led by 0-0, and at the end
of the period still had a lead ot 10 to
12. In tlte second half the Nelson boys
began to gain and tied the score within ten minutes of'the end. For five
minutes tlie score see-sawed from lead
The following press i-i*t* rcneo Is li
Sergt. Rosen, scientific palmist, who
announces thai he will visit Cruu-
hrooli fur ono week only, early noxtl rocQlvlUB prizes
month, it win In seen linn. Sergt.
Rosen lias establlsheil.il reputation
ihat apparently puts hlin above Uiu
typo of ordinary palmist trllleis;
"Sergt. Rosen, tlie celebrated palmist—the man with 10,000 eyes— arrived In Merrltt Wednesday night, and
Is staying at the Adelphi hotel. He
lias obtained a license lo practice tira
talent in the city, and will be in attendance nt tlie hotel parlor until
Monday evening, Tlie Nanaimo Herald and tho Nnnnlmo Free Press publish very satisfactory accounts of lilm.
"The Sergeant," they suite, "is an expert palmist, and if yon ure interested
ln tho subject you could not do better
than pay lilm a visit. Ho delineates
Incidents In your past life very cored-
ly. giving you details and incidents
that had completely - slipped your
memory. Sergt. Rosen, who served in
the wnr, is a son of one of the greatest
palmists of tho European continent."
After visiting Pentlcton, 'Grand
Forks, and Nelson, he will go to Banff
where ho has been requested to spend
the summer In ills professional capacity. He carric.i Willi him many credentials, and tliere is no doubt bill
that tlie people of Merrltt. If they pay
him a visit, will enjoy his scientific
readings, which according to his accounts are wonderfully accurate, and
his .prophecies of the future, which are
not of.the fairy-story character." —
Merritt, Herald.
Since February 1
The Increases to the salaries ot
provincial cabinet ministers, aggregating $10,500 per annum, have been
mado retrouctlve to Febrnery 1,
that the- legislation which decided on
these and on increased sessional indemnities, favored ministers by the
legislation taking effect before the
late session commenced. This move
will not tend to mollify public feeling
regarding the action. For February
and March, that is tor two months of
the last fiscal year, the cabinet ministers have drawn the Increasod salaries, or we may presume the increases
have been paid to them in a tump sum
up to tho end ot last month. Perhaps
thlH fact, which means that even more
money Is being taken from the public
treasury thun was at first anticipated,
will servo to increase the pressure
being exercised to have these salary
Increases rescinded. Public comment
on tho subject shows opinion ls unanimous that the finances of tbe province should not, at this time, be called
upon to bear this additional strain
which, by legislation, has become n
fixed charge unless rescinded. In the
Interests of common decency no such
action should have been taken, and
now that It haa been condemned,
emphatically, the decision should be
The president of thc Prospectors' Association In Bome recent
remarks ventured to suggest
that some phase of mining
might well be included on tbe
FERNIE.—Mr. Wta. Dlcken, valuator of tbe tract ot land reserved for
soldier settlement purposes, whicli is
located a tow miles above Fernle, reports the salo ot nine lots ot fifty
acres each during the winter and
spring, at prices ranging from 110 per
acre for uncleared land to (100 per
acre for land cleared and under cultivation. Land that has been cleared
ready for cultivation Ib being sold at
|B0 per acre. There are about as
many moro lots for sale and these
will probably be sold during the summer.
to tie until the ouil when Nelson scored the winning baskets, and the final
scoro stood 30-20,
The pluyce-** *vere given a warm
welcome. Tllcy were met at tlie boat
Friday night and conveyed in cars le
lho home of Mr. and Mrs. Waldic
where an enjoyable evening was spent
with a group of Nelson's younger sot.
On Baturday afternoon an automobile trip was provided for the Cranhrook nnd Nelson players which was
enjoyed by all.
After the games the players left
for lho Canadian Pacific Railway social club dance where they were all
made welcome by Mr. E. Y. Drake.
tlie convenor.
Tlie line-up of players is as follows
Al lhe wlilsl drlvi Inst Friday thoro
wen, about fifteen present and those
wero Mrs. Binning,
lirst;  Mrs. White, second; uud Mrs.
Chas McNabb. uf Waldo, thu   booby
prize.   The next drive will he Monday
ihing, the 21th lust,, uud an extra
large attendance Is expected.     The
admission will be the sunio as hefore.
Tho muslcate given   in the   club
rooms lust Saturday evening was   u
very successful affair and the Informal dance afterward enjoyed   by   the
younger members of tlie club.
The Nelson girls are expected Saturday afternoon to play a return gume
with tho C.R.C. girls In tho gym on
thut evening. After tlie game the visitors will ho entertained wltll a dance
and supper in tlie club rooms. This
dance is for members only. The hostesses for tlte evening will be Mrs.
Worden und Mrs. McKinnon. After
in different hollies for tho night,
turning to Nelson the next day.
Don't forget lhe club dance on Friday evening. April 29th, from 9 to 2.
Tills dance will he open to all members and to non-members only when
accompanied by or Introduced by a
member. Those is charge will be Mrs.
Nisbet, Mrs. Ferglc, R. Dove and A.
E. Robinson, with Mr. Bristow in
charge of tlie introduction committee.
The next meeting of the entertainment committeo will be at the homo
of Mrs. Nlsbet on Friday this week
to outline the program for next month
and all on this committee are requested to he prosent.
To Thc Householders
of the City of Cranbrook, B.C.
Dear Friend.— v
On account of the difficulty In keeping the Streets and
Lanes In a clean and sanitary condition, the City Council
has decided on enforcing the following order:
After the lst of May 11121 it shall he unlawful for any
person to dump any ashes, refuse, or rubbish of any kind
on the streets or lanes of the City of Crnnbrook,
If this rubbish is put in a convenient place or in a
proper receptacle on tlie owners property it will be taken
away from lime to lime liy (lie City free of charge.
The householders are also asked not to make use of
the Streets or Utiles for Ilie storage of Wood, Coal or anything whutsoevt. without first receiving a permit In writ-
lug from the proper authority.
By Order of
Ills Worship the Mayor
Clly Council.
Why Milk Costs So Much
"No wonder milk costs so much/' says tho January Pictorial Review.
"Tlie price may he high—but do you ever stop lo think when you buy
n quart at milk tlmt you aro paying interest on the farmer's investment
in bis cows, pasliuo lands, fence*, barns. Teed, cans,"utensils, cooling
equipment, and tho cart or truck tiiat carries the milk to market?
You are paying the wages oi' the men who ni^lk tlie cows, care for
the herd. Including the calves and bull, clean tlie stables, haul tho
feed that is* not home-grown, begin work before daylight, and work
aoven days a week, rain or shine. You are paying for tlie maintenance of the unproductive purl of the herd—tlie heifers that are to
replace the cows lost through old age, accident und disease. The
average life of a cow is only ti.7 years, and fur approximately three
years of tills, she is not producing milk. In order to protect your
health, tho state authorities mey condemn diseased cows and the
dairyman is only pari ially recompensed for Ills loss. You aro paying
tho transportation from the farm to yonr door. You are paying for
lost and broken bottles—each one costs sixteen cents—Cor service to
customers wiio buy small quantities al irregular periods, for accounting, administration, inspectors, und lhe Incidental expense of an organized business; bul at that MILK IS STILL A CHI3AP FOOD FOR
Cream l^ksi
-:$is* *:*■■■
VOU can also make
x beautifullightcakca
and bread pf wonderful
whiteness and flavor
with Cream of the West
Hedley Shaw Milling Co., Limited
Medicine Hat, Calgary, Kamloops* Vancouver
"Cream of the Wesl" Flour was formerly sold under tho brand name  of
"King's Quality.**   It Ih milled nt tbe big mills of the lledlcj-Shnw Milling
Co., Limited, at Medicine Hat   tbe most complete nud most modern mills
la Western Canada.
Judge Thompson was In tbo city on
Wednesday looking *J6r a couplo ot
chickens. He says that A. 1). Macdonald haa been wined and dined In
Cranbrook till there Is nothing left
In that town but old hens— Fernle
Free Press.
The White Spruce Lumber Co, commenced operations for the season on
Monday last. The company looks for
ward to a big year, having lately signed a big contract with the Diamond
. Match C<j. of Spokane to supply tbelr
party the guests will be billeted, mUm ^^  The Diamond Match Co.
have tbelr experts here at present
giving instructions as to tlte nature
of the timber required. In a short
time the White Spruce Co.    will be
On Wednesday evening tbo basket
ball league was finished when a double header was staged of two league
fixtures. Tho first game was played
between the Teachers and the Blue
Jackets, resulting In a win for the
Teachers. The second was between
the league leaders, the Blmboes, and
the Big Five. Tlie Blmboes won, making them tho 1921 cup winners; tho
final score was 14-3.
To make less work for the board an
Athletic Board has been formed, and
it will look after all details relating to
athletics. The officers are: Chairman, G. Argue; Vlce-Chalrman, A
Crowe; seo.-treasurer, Miss White;
executive, W. Spence, Miss Eastman,
Mr. J. M. Clark, Mr. J. A. Mirams,
Tlie city police, working in conjunction witli federal officers, Including
two special detectives, have been making an onslaught against the opium
users of the city, and a number of
Chinese residents havo been called
upon to pay heavily for tbelr liking
for tho pretty pipe. It Is believed that
the police have gotten at the root of
the opium business so far as this city
Is concerned, and following somo raids
carried out this week some .pretty stiff
fines have been Imposed on some Chili eso haled up iu thG police court.
Chlng Kwong was- up last week
charged with being tho keepor of an
opium joint, aud was fined {50. On
Monday, as lho rosiilt of raids carried
out at tlieir respective premises, Let
John and Charlie Wing were each fined tho sum of $.100 on on the same
charge. Charlie has contributed pretty heavily to police court revenues of
late, and Is not ablo to scratch up tho
llttlo sums he gets touched for wltll
the same ease as of fore. A third raid
al tho premises of tho Canada laundry
fulled to reveal any basis for a charge,
The- federal officers also raided
prom I bob al Wycllffe during the week,
and Lee Kong, Chu Pong and Yip Sam
wero haled up in court as tho result,
Tliu first named was fined $10, the
second $200. und the Yip gentleman
was assessed $300, or tho option of
jail sentences.
Lee Sing, of Bull River, also came
under tiie notice of tho authorities
for the same kind of activity, and suffered a $200 fine.
A recent amendment to the law
makes It compulsory for all children
to nttend school until tbey are1 IB
years of ago.
Tlie current issue of the B.C. Gazette records tho fact that formal Incorporation has botn granted to the
Cranbrook Brewing Company, with Ub
head office In this eity, nnd capitalized at $2R,000. The certificate of
Incorporation bears date of March 16th
running night and day shifts.—Fernie
Free Tress.
A recent amendment to the Provincial Elections Act alters the date for
holding the Court ot Revision from
the third Monday in May until the
third Monday tn June. This has been
dono to facilitate applications for reinstatement of delinquent votors whose
names are liable to be struck off under tho provisions of the Act. Section
17 has been altered to read: "Any voter
whose namo is liable to be struck oft
the last revised list of voters under
clause D of Section 19, may at any
time either before or during the sittings ot the Court of Revision, file
with the registrar an affidavit in support of his application for reinstatement of his name on the list of vot-
Creston celebrated last Sunday the
thirtieth anniversary of Its founding.
Attracted by the stories the traders
over the Dewdney trail of those days
were wont to tell of the wonderful
stretch of country In the valley of the
Kootenay River—extending from Kootenay Lake to many miles into the
state of Idaho—Fred J. Little and John
W. Dow on Sunday, April 17th, 1891,
reached here by canoe from Pilot Bay,
where they were then employed, and
each staked a quarter section of land
for themselves, along with two other
quarters tor friends of theirs, and
which original staklngs now comprise
the townslte, and Messrs. Dow and
Little are stilt numbered among the
town's best known residents.
With the exception of a vory few
white settlers who straggled in, mostly from across the line, Messrs. Dow
and Little were undisputed monarchs
ot all tbey surveyed until almost 1S97,
when the construction of the Crow's
Nest branch ot tbe Canadian Pacific
Railway was assured, and with positive knowledge as to the route it would
take to reach Kootenay Lake began a
Influx of pioneers.
Wltb rail connection established
there was great activity iu Umbering
operations, particularly in the matter
ot poles, posts, ties and piling, and
the stripping of the bench lands of the
timber revealed the wonderful soil
possibilities ot the district, along about 1909 started a change over from
timbering operations to land clearing
in preparation for orchard planting
—early day experiments with apples
by Mr. Little having shown this to be
an ideal fruit growing section.
From about 1910 until 1914 there
was a heavy influx of newcomers, and
a horticultural census of Creston valley taken at tbat time showed over
1000 acres planted to apple trees alone, wltb approximately another 1000
devoted to other treo fruits, berries
and vegetables.
With the outbreak of war newcomers wero not numerous and very
little now area was put under cultivation, but since early 1919 the Inflow
of now at tilers has again sol sei In,
the most notable move In this direction being in the early summer of
1919, when tbo provincial government
acquired 7000 acres six miles east, of
town which It has opened up ub the
Lister soldier settlement, and whero
now reside almost 100 scoldlor farmers
wbo are each operating tracts ot 20
acres, and all ot whom will havn at
least five acres aet out to fruit trees
and berries this spring. With the
taking of the federal census this yenr
will come another Inventory ot the
Valley's horticultural development,
which Is expected to show nn almost
100 per cent. Increase over tbe 1914
Creston village, which Is tho hub
ot the Creston Valley, Is a thriving
centre possessing two branches of welt
known chartered banks, every line cf
mercantile pursuit, fully represented,
a bright weekly newspaper, a moving
picture theatre, several of the numerous fraternal societies, four churches,
public and full-fledged high school,
and most every other Institution requisite and necessary for the well
being of the foremost fruit centre of
all tovtlMMttni British Coltmbla.
Officials thermometer readings at
Min. Max.
April   14       35 59
April "15  X- 37 60
April 16   32 65
April 17      28 63*
April 18     38 57
April 19   34 66
April 20  37 60
If you have a bit of news,
—send it In;
Or a joko that will amuse,
—send it in;
A story that is true,
An Incident that's new,
We want to bear from you,
—Bend It in.
Never mind about your stylo,
If it's only worth the while,
—send lt In.
Lift Off with Fingers
Doesn't hurt a bit! Drop a little
"Freezone" on an aching corn, instantly thst corn stops hurting, thon
shortly you lift It right oft wltb fingers.   Truly I
Your .druggist sells n tiny boltlo of
"Freezone" for a few cents, sufficient
lo remove every hard cohi, soft corn,
or corn between the toes, and the cal-
lussos, without sorenoss or Irritation.
Mrs. N. LeRoy says she finds
many people do not understand
exactly how. to use Pacific Milk.
The flavor is so natural they use
moro than Is necessary.
The propor proportions for
cooking are one-halt Pacific
Milk diluted with an equal amount of water.
Perhaps we haven't mentioned
the point often enough.
FAClllC «iH-K
Factories at
Ladner and
Abbotiford Thursday, April 31st, 1931
H SmikiM -it S»n»in|-Wt Siitt
Jut Swalliw a Capsule
RAZ-MAH /* Guarantied
to restore normal breathing, stop tnucns
gatherings in tbe bronchial tubes, give
long eights of quiet sleep; contains ao
habit-forming drug  $1,00 at-your drug-
a Trial free at our agencies orwrite
fiat's Trial free at our agencies orwrite
T-Mplttona,    142 King W..   Toronto.
(Continued from Pago One)
Cariboo. Tlie new concentrator at
tho Noblo Fivo was completed during
the year, and a few ears of concentrates wero snippet! rrom this property after many years of inm-produetlvo' got
At lho Silversmith mine a largo oro
body has been  developed, and at the
UuHtin ore ha.*- rOCOIttly been en count
i rod between lhe lovol ot the long new
adit and H'e upper workings.
In the Ainsworth Division Iho Florence mine Dually lends iu production
inul has been largely responsible fn
an Increase in iho total for this divl
moil    At  the Blueboll mine,    opera
tions wero confined   to mining   ore
.   from  tho largo surface exposures  In
the vicinity of tho big Glory hole. The
lower workings of the mine are still
under water.   Oilier properties which
substantia liy contributed to tho year's
production were thc Spokane-Trinket,
Whitewater, and Uttcn.   The development of the Skyline- at Ainsworth is
being watched with interest, for this
property produced a considerable tonnage  many years    ago.    In    recont
years iv long crosscut tunnel was driven by the owner, A. W. McCune, to
tail tho vein at depth, and wus abandoned  after  reaching  its    objective.
This year tlie property was worked by
leasers who shipped about  150  tons
from surface uorkings.   They are now
driving an upraise from Hie lower tunnel to connect with the upper workings.   Mining has heen active up the!
South Fork at Kaslo Creek,    and in
the vicinity of the Whitewater mine.
In tho Nelson mining division the
principal producers of silver-lead oro
were tlie Bftnorald at Salmo, and tho
Molly Gibson near Kitto.    The Trout
Lake,   Lardtau  and  Revelstoke  divisions experienced an unusually quiet
season,   the Lanark mine near Ille-
rlllewaet being the principal producer,
Ho ss laud
Practically  the  entire gold  output
and all of the copper was produced
at the Rossland Camp by   the   War
Eagle-Centre Star group of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting    Co.
supplemented by a considerable tonnage trom the Josle. Owing to general
economic conditions production    was
curtailed,   though  development  work
was proceeded with and   permanent
uiproveineiits mado, oC which not the
least Important was that of concreting
thi> Centre Slar shall.
In the Sheop Creek Camp, the Nug-
MinuH- Ltd., completed tho   long
crosscut tunnel from tho Motherlode
workings to thc Nugget vein, and sloping operations were started early In
I ho hiimmer.    The season's  run  was
short, mining operations being hampered by the al.ortafeS of labor.   This
year there Is every reason to believe
that tho production will show u Mil-
slantial   Increase.
Tho Yankee (llrl mine at Ymlr was j
taken under option by tho Canada
Mining Corporation, and extensive
underground development and exploratory work was done. Mining operations were recently suspended, but
whether tho company will continue
or drop tlieir option, Is not known.
Placer mining has shown a little
moro activity, operations being principally confined to Wild Horse Creek
near Fort Steele, and Perry Creek
near Cranbrook. Tho mining divisions
which probably received most attention from prospectors and small operators were Slocan, Ainsworth, Windermere and Nelson.
Three returned s-jfdier prospecting
parties were sent out by the govern
ment, one lu the Golden mining division and two ln the Big Bend district
of the Revelstoke dvfslon. In all ten
claims were staked, and It Is to be
hoped that an opportunity will be afforded this year to examine their findings.
Ulna Improvement!*
The past season has seen consider
able activity in construction    wort, | MINING ENGINEER
many of the mines have built new bunk
houses aud generally improved tho
accommodation for the men, while the
following plants huve been completed
or ure in tiie process of -.Taction:
At the Noble Five mine, at Sandon.
100 tun concentrator, embodying Jigs.
Wilfley tabl«a and Callow flotation
At the Emerald, a 50-ton concentrator wus completed.
At the Ottawa, a 50-ton oil flotation
At the Victor, near Fort Steels, a
60-ton mill Is being erected.
At the California, the old Athabasca mill was re-modelled.
Outlook for mi
The outlook for the production of
silver, lead, zinc and copper for the
coining season obviously depeuds on
the available market and lubor.
Tho present metal market conditions are not favorable, and it Is difficult to foresee what they will bo In
tiio future. Uui one thing Is certuln,
and that is, thai the print of any commodity Is governed by lis eost ot
production. Therefore the price of
metals Will have to go up or that of
labor come down, if the world ls to
be satisfied in Its requirements.
Tho cost of labor apparently has a
tendency lo decrease, us also does tho
cost of supplies—conditions which no
doubt will glvo an Impetus to gold
mining. As far as this district Is concerned, I expect to see an much if not
more activity in development at both
tho large nnd small properties.
A Pleasant Drink
FERNIE BEER ig the best beverage made, for business
professional men, for weak persons, everybody,
everywhere, this beer is hale refreshment for wholesome thirst.
Fernie-Fort Steele Brewing  Co.
WALTER HARWOOD    -    Manager    -    PERNIE, B.C.
llmnc 210 I'.O. Box m
Amo*. MomNjjin. So.-. U.K.. R H.C.I..S.
Provincial Land Surveyor
HA Lomsitetl Avenue
I'nirilininl.      -       -       -      B. 0.
Regular Moating
RKCOlVn  8ATIU1UT of each
-■"'Mil ul 8 p.m. In the Clt-r HtU
W . A . F E It ti I E    *
Campbell-Manning Bloik
I'tliine VI
Wto Hours, 0 lo lt; I to r> p.m.
Urn. tin-en ft MacKinnon
I'hjMr Inn. en it Sorf.on.
Office  at   raitdence,  Armstrong
Porenoom    9 00 to 10 00
Afternoon.   1.00 to   4 00
l-'Mlni. 7.10 to   I JO
SundaT*     I.JO to   4.30
Meeta In the
Pariah Hall
afternoon ol
OrBt Tuepdaj
at '< p.m.
Prea:   Mra.
Soe-troas: Mrs. O. Taylor, - - Boj :
All ladlaa eo-iltally Inrited
Offlce In Hanaon Block
orricu hours
I to 11. a.m.
1 to    i n.m.
l'hoae IM
Horbirj Alt, Mil to Cltj Rell
Forwarding and Distributing
Agent (or
Lethbrldge and GreenMll Coal
Imperial Ofl Co.
Distribution  Can a Specialty.
Braying and Transferring
Qi7eo Prompt Attention.
::   Funw IS   ::
Montana Restaurant
Cigars, Cigarettes and Candy
Meals at AU Hoars
Opposite tbe Bank of Commerce
Craahreefc, B. C.
Meets every Tuesday at I p.m. In
the fraternity Hall
C. O. Bareetrom. U. C.
C H. Collins, K. R. ft 8
Visiting brethren eordlally u
vtted to attend.
It la noteworthy that it wan a citizen ot Uritisli Columbia who waa responsible for the passing of tho Dominion Agricultural Instruction Aet in
1914. providing for tlie distribution of
ten million dollars between tho prov-
inces in ten yenrs for the encouragement and  advance ot instruction  ln
all lines of agriculture.   British Columbia participates in this grant to the
extent of $69,199 annually.    A wide
field is covered   by funds   from   the
grant, all tending to greater knowledge of agriculture and to Improvement fn farm and home.   In 1919-20,
the last year for which a report ls
possible, $20,000 of the money so   derived was devoted to tlie advancement
of agricultural  instruction  in  public
and high schools for tlie training of
teachers, and $12,000 towards the Investigation and extension work of the
University of British Columbia.     Of
ihe balance of $37,199. dairying and
cow testing was helped to the extent
of $8,000. bee-keeping to the extent of
$7,000,   pathological  and  entomological investigations by $4,000, and agricultural publications by $6,000.   Con-,
tributions were also made to the expense  of dry  farm    demonstrations,
seed work, silo demonstrations, liorti-
cultural demonstrations, poultry competitions,  fruit packing and pruning
schools,    poultry    competitions    and
boys' and girls' clubs and fairs.   Aa
to be expected in the fruit growing
of Canada, much attention is given to
horticultural work. This class of work
constats  of personal  visits to    fruit
growers for tho giving   of   counsel,
holding orchard demonstrations, lectures, assisting in judging at    fairs,
nnd directing experiments with spraying materials for the control of injurious Insects am!   plant   diseases*
lu connection with the grant allotted
to  agricultural   education,  much  attention is given to school and home
gardening ami nature study.   In this
line of work,  valuable assistance ts
rendered  by  the  district  supervisors
ot agricultural instruction, who   are
rolled  upon  to  conduct a  two year
course of study in    agriculture   for
high school students, aa -well as er
tension work and continuation classes
in   agriculture   during   the   winter
months for those who are no longer
attending school.
Mr. W. M. Brewer, one of tho resident mining engineers of the provincial government, who 1-j delivering **
Wits of ltddresdm in the province,
points out that proepeotor* are becoming scarce. He might have aald
almost extinct iu this province, and
the reason he also could have stated
Hit were not that it would have involved au attack ou the government
of which he is uu employee. Mineral
methods in this province do not. tend
to encourage prospectors. Tlie claims
that have been taken up do not seem
to hav% beeu properly mapped out,
and tlie information available for
would-be prospectors is meagre in the
bXtreme. Government mining recorders and gold commissioners are not
always able to show fnguirurs maps
ot claims staked lu their various
areas. The result is thut seekers after ureas to prospect cannot learn
what they want to know, or in otlier
words, they cannot ascertain whal
html la already sluked, and whore to
go in search of mlnuruls \tH1i good
prospects of succoas.
The Department of Mines Is to
blame because thu race of prospectors
ls almost extinct. Thore ls enough
money being spent In that department
to bring the knowledge of mining In
the province fully up to date, to devise a policy which would encouravo
prospectors, and to lead to greater
development than is now taking place.
There Is something radically wrong
with mining legislation when It tends
to continue action In tlie courts of
the province. The number of law
cases which there have been show
that Insufficient protection ls given to
those who are willing to engage In
development work, and the possibility
of litigation Ib enough to quench the
pioneering spirit which Is exempllfed
by proBpectng, for It means that
thore will be hesitation about developing claims which have been staked,
even If the showing are good. Those
who are interested In the mineral Industry have made representations te
the government to amend the mining
laws to prevent litigation, and to encourage prospecting along the lines
which we point to. but these have not
been adopted. Mr. Brewer and any
other lecturers of the government
will be more successful In arousing
public interest in tho mining Industry it they can promise, on behalf or
the Department of Mines, that some
of the handicaps under which it now
labors will  be removed.—Colonist.
A Modern Necessity
ADVERTISING is today one of the
greatest forces at work in our everyday life. Governments use it to announce
new policies, to raise monies and armies,
and to mould public opinion. It enables you to judge values, to buy to better
advantage. It Influences you in what you
wear, eat, buy and do.
HE CALGARY HEBALD Is Alberta's largest
>wn    advertising    mei
all    important     announcements -
advertising    medium.    It
I  und best known
changes in railroad schedules, legal notices, the
big ciiy stores' bargains, the special sules, theatrical, niniisemeiit and sporting events, births and
deaths, a directory of Alberta's professional firms,
auction sales, new legislation, first word of the
new fashions, etc.—you will find them all In
Alberta's Greatest Dally.
THE HERALD'S Classified Advertising pages
represent   the  greatest   market place in the
west.    Here more buyers and sellers meet
dally than through any other medium.    It's hero
that thousands turn when they want something,—
and they save time und money.
IN additon to giving you a bigger, better paper,
and moro and better news, The Herald carries
all thc advertising that is worth while.
T*he Calgary 0a//y Jferatd
Order irom your Local Agent or direct from tne
Publishers ut Calgary
By mall, 98.00 per year, parable In advance.
CALGARY— After1 hearing counsel
for tba Canadian Pacific Railway and
without asking for any evidence or
representations from other parties interested, the railway' board, sitting
here on Monday morning, dismissed
the application by the railway company for an order to remove trains 540
and 541, running between' Calgary and
Macleod. F. B. Carroll, the chief commissioner, told James Walker, K.C.,
appearing for the Canadian Pacific
Railway, that the only grounds upon
which' the board could consider the
removal of these trains would be that
they were being operated at a loss by
the company. Xo evidence to that effect, he said, had been pr -duced.
MmU   every
Monday ulght
      at rraternltj
Hall.     Sojourning   Oddfellows
cordially Invited
Noble Orand, ness. See.,
W. Sodea W. M. Harris, P.O.
Frame's Breed Is GOOD Bread
Hia Pies, Cakes and Pastry are
made In a tasty manner which
Invites the most exacting parson to call again, at
Tboiie 87      .      Norbury Ave.
Phono No. m
CrMhrook,   .   .   .B.C.
Revenues Trom Crown forests are
pluylng un Increasingly Important
part ln (he several prolvnceB. In New
Brunswick, for the fiscal year ending
October 81, 11)20, the forest revenues
to Die provincial treasury aggregated
$1,887,000, or mors than double those
of the previous year. This Increase
wus due partly to an Increased cut,
partly to increased Btumpsge dues,
and partly to a closer scale.
Iu Quebec, for the year ending June
::n, UI20, tho forest revenue amounts
to $3,604,460.26, of 28.8 per cent, greater thuu during the previous year. It
is estimated thnt during the current
fiscal year the forest revenue to the
provlnciul treasury will aggregate ar
ound $3,000,000, which may be increased to $3,500,000 during the fiscal year
In Ontario, for fiscal year ending
October 31, 1920, the forest revenue
was $2,684,843, an increase of nearly
50 per ceut over the previous year.
During the calendar year 1919, the
British Columbia government received
ln forest revenue a total of $2,755,739,
Tlie importance of perpetuating
these revenues, to nay nothing of Increasing them, is obviously so great
that ail of the provinces would be amply justified In expending larger sums
than at present upon the protection of
tho forests from fire, Insects and disease, upon reforestation, and upon an
administration calculated to ensure
cut-over areas being left In the best
condition to produce continued crops
of the more valuable tree species, so
far aa tbat may be consistent wtth the
economics ot the aituaUoo.
(Fernie Free Press.)
The Court of Appeal tbis week decided the case of the King vs. W
Kerr, which li one of very keen local
interest. The court was equally divided and therefore tbe appeal was
dismissed and In this manner the
judgment of His Honor Judge Thompson was sustained, and Hr. Kerr will
receive his $100 fine together with
the large quantity of liquor that was
seised. Briefly the history of the
case ls tbat on June 11 last Chief
Lawson, under the power of a search
warrant visited the premises occupied by Kerr in what Is generally
known as the Alex Beck Block, and
found 382 cases containing Scotch
and rye whiskies, gin, brandy and
rum, and also some thirty odd bottles,
two ten gallon kegs, one twenty and
two forty's containing whiskey, gin
and alcohol. The value of the goods
seized waa approximately $16,000-00.
The trial came on first before Magistrate Whimster, who on the evidence
adduced found Uiat the quarters occupied by Mr. Kerr were not "a private
dwelling" as laid down by tbe Prohibition Act, and fined the accused $100
aad made an order forfeiting the liquor to the Crown- Within less than
24 hours following this decision and
ln spite of the fact that oral notice
of appeal from the magistrate's finding was given by the solicitor for accused, the provincial authorities consigned the entire quantity of goods
seized to Vancouver by express, Incurring an expenditure of public funds
to the extent of about $900. Mr. Kerr
carried an appeal to the county court
with the result that the conviction
was quashed and the order confiscating the seized liquor annulled. The
Crown thereupon entered an appeal
to reverse Judge Thompson's finding
and restore the conviction but foiled
through the court dividing, Chief
Justice McDonald and Mr. Justice
Gallagher holding in favor of allowing the appeal, and Mr. Justice Mc-'
Phillip and Mr. Jaatke Martin   (or
In response to numerous enquiries
thai have been received since the discovery of oil In Western Canada, the
Department of the Interior at Ottawa
has just published a report entitled
"Oil and Gas iu Western* Canada."
This report contains a description
of the area, a resume of the progress
of development in the ofl and gas
dB, a synopsis of the Petroleum
and Natural Gas regulations governing the disposal of rights on Dominion lands, and information regarding
provincial legislation und regulations
governing the sale of shares, stocks,
bonds, etc. It is accompanied by a,
map of the oil regions ot western Can
ada showing railways and steamship
The Board of Public Utility Commissioners for the provinco of Alberta,
the Department of Mines, and the
mining lands and Yukon branch of the
Department of the Interior, contributed valuable statistical information
which has been embodied in the preparation of this report by the Natural
Resources Intelligence Branch of the
Department of tho Interior.
The current number of the B.C I The Herald ls in receipt of a com-
U.izette contains notice that the prov-j munication from Mr. E. A. Haggen,
incfal government has named May ^ editor of the Mining and Engineering
29th as "Go to Sunday School Day." ,| Record, of Vancouver, with reference
The text of the proclamation is as fol-jt0 lhe proposed establishment of a
Iowa: . j steel industry at   the   Coast,   Some
"Whereas we have thought fit. by|weeks a*° Mr H*K« P«Wished an
and with the advice of our Executive ; articIe bearin* 0D this •■«** in hls
Council of our said province of Brit-iown JournaI- and in a"™P«n« *>
tsh Columbia, to appoint Sunday, the make a resume of wilat iron ore re"
twenty-nlnth day of May proximo. 'Go-: *>urc« would be available in the
to-Sunday-School Day:' I prorlnce for use at such a pIant* falled
'Now know ye. that we Ao, for that
end publish this Our Royal Proclamation, and do hereby appoint Sunday,
the twenty-ninth day of May, A.D.
1921, to be observed throughout the
province of British Columbia aa 'Go-
to-Sunday-School Day.*"
I to make any mention of the proven
iron ore resources of East Kootenay.
For this seeming omission. Mr. Haggen waa taken to task by Mr. J. P.
Huchcroft, secretary of the toeal
Prospectors' Association, and in reply
to a letter written by Mr. Huchcroft
to Mr. Haggen, the latter replies:
"I am well acquainted with the Iron
ore resources of East Kootenay, and
the reason they were not referred to
In connection with an iron and steel
industry at the Coast Is that the long
railway haul  and high  freight rates
CRESTON.-A recent decision of would Prelude this ore being used for
the Canadian Pacific Railway to can-lan industry »o far removed from the
eel contracts for ties aa well as tofW06 of Eupplj** 1d rJewMo1 the fact
That specific and authoritative In jl withhold the letting ot some contracta [W ^J8 *" ^J^!.^1*"
formation on the subject may now be j that were looked upon as being cer-, Mr* Haggen ft still working on the
'tain to eventuate, makes the outlook assumption, of course, that the only
for the season's sawmill operations j l°tic*1 point for the establishment of
rather doubtful in this section. The;3/1 Jr0n and 8teel mdB8tr7 ui at the
modern plant of Winslaw and Sons, l^oa8t'
for which a full crew had been hired
with the expectation of starting sawing on April lst, Is still idle, and from
Kitchener come similar reports. Tiiis
year, too, there ls not anywhere near
the anticipated demand for telegraph
nnd telephone poles, of which there
was a heavy cut during the winter.
had, will appeal to tho prospector,
capitalist, and student of conditions
in western Canada.
Copies of this report may be obtained free of charge from thc Superintendent Natural Resources Branch,
Department of the Interior, Ottawa.
The high cost of living is increased
by forest fires. Kvery citizen should
help to keep down fires.
The following Ik the amount of ore
received at the Trail Smelter for the
week ending April 14th:
Company mines   8,450 tons.
-HWIimil.liiiSiiii.iilllfc ;
Cut Brier
More Tobacco for the Money i
*<H.-a*.*.«    .  .      '    >   • 1HI--S » ■ '
Packages 15*
ft folks 85*
-**-\VeVC.^-*«-->».*>.V.'*» ^
Thursday, April 21st, 1921
Zinc From Sullivan
Helped to Win War
I'mduftiou Rose Aptice  When
Sew   Process For   Treating
Complex Ore Is Evolved
*V«yJ^wmiwi£>n.'8t.iWing-1 snd SCcrr**       ■
' Thn* yeara ago Halifax, "Can-
ada'a Mora Scotlan Gateway," was
dealt the most devastating blow suffered by any city outside the war zone
when the "Imo" rammed the French
munition ship "Mont Blanc," killed
2,000 people and wrecked an area of
two square miles. To-day Halifax
is a bigger, better and more beautiful city than lt was before the TNT
blast because its great housing
problem has been solved successfully
and because the new ls even better
than the old. Aa a wounded war
veteran Halifax received a bonus of
•bout 120,000,000 from Canada,
Great Britain and tbe United States
for relief work and a commission
with full power to deal with the subject waa appointed. Fully 5,000
people were comfortably housed in
Wmnorarj  barraclu  resembling  a
war-time camp, 8,000 homes ware re-1 £
Sailed and 1,000 homes accommo- pV
•ting 6,000 people have been built'   '
by the commission which haa practically finished Its titanic task.   In
one  new  group of 822  dwellings
built  of  hydro-stone,  or  concrete	
blocks, there are 37 buildings con- Jftsj WvdrsgSitmt Pouie
taming four dwellings each and the
remainder contain from two to six
families. Each row faces a park
and in the rear is a service lane.
Each building has all modern improvements and is exceedingly attractive.
Halifax is the chief city of Nova
Scotia, the "Land of Evangeline,"
and hns one of the finest as well as
one of the most beautiful harbors In
the world. Overlooking the city is
the old Citadel with its atone walls,
moats, dungeons and frowning can
non. All manner of water sports
are. on its summer program and
there is strong rivalry between tha
racing fishermen of Nova Scotia
and New England whose forebears
have followed the sea for generations. Not far fron Halifax is the
Annapolis Valley, famous^ because
o£ its wonderful apple-blossom time
and because it was the home of the
Acadians, whose expulsion in 1755
furnished the theme of Longfellow's
(By It. G. Newton, Superintendent Experimental Station, Invermere, B.C.)
A year uko potatoes were Belling at
$100 per ton and were hard to obtain.
ami irrigation, thero is no reason why
fifteen or twenty tons of potatoes per
acre cannot be harvested. On plot
work at tho Experimental Station, Invermere, twice these yields have been
obtained ana through selection and
cultural methods we hope to produce
This year they aro u drug oa tlie ove*> ucUer "suits. From experlmen-
markut ut Irom $11 to <20 per ton, *"1 work t0 •-■--• we -*r-> inclined to
and many hundred tons will have to' recommend Individual tuber selection
bo ted on tho farms to the hogs or |ils ll'e best means ot improving the
lho stock. No doubt many growers : >'*okls °- Potatoes. A couple of weeks
have become Ulstonroged ovor tho re-'"1 lM»' l,ctore Plant-tog, tho potatoes
suits ot the past season and to thoso! sl"",M *"> l'lliml t,,iul>" <"- tl10 tlocr
1 would otrer this advice, It is tho j'" -■•-> *"*™ <" c-!',l*r «■•-»'*> they are
man tlmt stays with tlie game who exposed to light. At onco they will
Is tho winner in tho long run. Tho'"'1" -° sprout, but these sprouts will
man who plunges Into it ono year -*ot Wt over half to three-quarters ot
and out the next will havo lo take' ***i tmli In length. Select only tho po-
the gambler's chance. j '"loos that huve strong, thick, vlgor-
Ollmatlc conditions are   ot greater! ",,s s"r""l!, tor Mcd olld you "m t[nA
importance than soil conditions In tho llmt -">» "r0 M° "> kM-' "•> l,,« vU"*
' Ity ot your potatoes anil increase the
economic production of potatoes. In
tho Columbia Valley wc have ideal
climatic conditions.   The nights   arc
WhW* Itnngu of Uses—Building
Trades are Large Consumers
Gypaum, or hydrated sulphate ot
calcium, Is one of the important uon-
metallic minerals of Canada. It is
found In aU the provinces, with tho
exception of Prince Edward Island, in
one or more of its three forms, selen-
'to, a crystallized variety, consisting
ot long silky crystals, and alabaster,
a fine-grained white variety.
Gypsum occurs in beds, often of,
great thickness, and is usually mined I good its undertaking
by the open quarry   method,    after | the metal to the order of the British
The following artlele from Uw pen
ot 12. A. Haggen, well Known mining
writer or Vancouver, throws some interesting light ou lho zinc production
from tlie Sullivan Mine, Kimberley,
showing how the evolution ot the el-
ectro-chemicai process of oro treatment at the Trail Smelter solved ~fho
problem presented by the complex
The Sullivan mine, situated near
Kimhorlcy, B.C., is one of tho most
remarkable Instances of the progress
Of inatullurgy to bo found nnywhere.
It wus originally owned lu Spokane.
Tho company Installed a smelter but
was unable to operate it successfully
on uccount ot tbo zinc in tho oro
freezing up tbe t'urnuces. An attempt
wus made to solve tho problem by obtaining lead oro from tlie St. Uugunu
mine to mix with thu Sullivan ore;
but nil efforts to make it 11 successful
venture failed and it lay idle for soma
years. Mr. S. U. Blaylock, tbe present general manager of tbe Consolidated Mining & Smelting Company,
wus then in charge of the St. Eugene
mine and mill. Recognising the value
of the Sullivan mine if its metallurgical problems could) be solved lie urged
ou his company the acquisition of tho
property, and lt was bought for tbe
outstanding debentures.
On its acquisition the company set
to work to find u means of utilizing
the complex ore. Tbe war came ou.
Zinc went to over 40 cents per lb.
The management recognized tbat if
they could find a suitablo method of
treatment they could save the Allies
millions of dollars. It was a question
of money and brains. They put the
proposition up to the British war department that if tho department
could supply the money, tho company
would supply the bruins und thoy
would deliver zinc to the Allies at 15
cents per lb. The British government
accepted the offer, and through the
Canadian Munitions Department arrangements were made to advance $1.-
000,000 for research work ou Sullivan
ore, the money to be credited to the
zinc purchased as the result,
Trail got busy. -The best metallurgists tbat could bo got were obtained
und put to work on the problem. A
solution was found in an electro-
hemlcal process. In 1915 the production of ssinc frnm Sullivan ore was
only 180.000 lbs. By 1916 tt rose to
12,840.000 lbs., und the company made
by    supplying
Smvan-Panmtimmr, 60-hottm-
uower,  126-inch whmwlbut*
N design, performance and quality of
materials, Studebaker cars are first
grade and the prices at which they are
sold, -when figured on a basis of price per
pound of car weight, will compare favorably with the prices of heavier cars,
which, because of heavy weight, frequently sell at much higher prices.
"Built in Canada"
District Agent
Speclul Six Touring Car  $27*15
niir Six Touring Car   |M25
Light Six Touring far  *23tt5
All prices F.O.B. Cranbrook
which it is crushed to the degree of
fineness necessary for the product for
which it is required.
The principal uses of gypsum ure
a, wull plaster and in the manufacture
of plaster of parls. For these prod
nets gypsum, after being finely pow
Tliis spring a potato association is .tiered, is calcined, or heated to drive
cool; tbe days warm uud clear; while Mug formed in the vicinity of tho
under irrigation tbo moisturo supply I Experimental Station. Tho farmers
ia readily controlled. It is well known
that in humid climates potatoes uro
subject to many fungous diseases such
as lato blight, etc., but in tho dry atmosphere conditions that prevail in
this district blights are practically unknown, As yet we are absolutely free
from tho ravages of the Colorado potato beetle. Our soil is a friable warm
aandy loum underlaid with gravel and
silt which provide good drainage.
Some of the soil is inclined to be alkaline In character,  which causes the
uro growing one variety under inspection; in tbo fall these potatoes will be
graded nnd placed on tlie market or
kt.pt until spring und sold as seed. By
this practical method there will bo u
uniformity of product which will command the highest market price.
There Is a busy market place in Al-
potatoes to scab slightly. This is prac-1 berta used by 100,000 people and
tically tho only problem that we have, through the medium of this big ex-
to face and can bo satisfactorilly con-1 change more trading, buying and setl-
trolled by treating with formalin. An-1 |ng) otc., is done every day than by
other solution and ]>osslbly iu the I ftny otiler means, f here la it? In
long run the most satisfactory, would tlie Classified Section of The Calgary
bo for tho farmers to grow a russet Herald, Alberta's greatest newspapet
or netted skin potato, surh as tbe ai„i the fourth largest classified med-
Cambrldge Kussot or Netted Gem. ns h„m i„ the Dominion. People who
theso varieties are practically scab Kaep |n touch with this great mart
l'r°°f' savo time and money.   If you are not
If tho farmers of tho Columbia Vnl-, already a subscriber sond your order
loy will plant, good seed, give the, today to tho Cranbrook Drug & Book
growing crop the necessary cultivation i Co., Cranbrook.
•j-Hetbofcist Ctmrct)
11 a.m.—Divine Service.
Sunday School:   12 Noon.
7.30 p.m.—Divine Service.
Preacher: REV. fi. W. LEE
— A hearty Invitation to all —
Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Cauda Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
Pirchaien of flold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores
Producers of Oold, Silver, Copper, Blieifame, Pig Lead and
Mm "TADANAC" Braad.
off the moisture. It possesses the val
liable property, however, of being able
to absorb moisture again. This permits of it being spread or moulded
when In a wet state and of quickly
hardening. As plaster ot parls it Is
used for a variety of purposes, such
as a plaster finish coat, for mouldings
and patterns and for casts of art objects. In the making of cold water
paints it supplies the body that carries the color; it also forms the base
for parls green and other insecticides.
Por fireproofing safes, etc., calcined
gypsum is used between the metal
walls. Moulds for casting babbit meul, for making rubber stamps, hat
blocks, etc., are mado of gypsum,
while the finest grade of plaster of
parls Is used for surgical casts and
In dentistry for taking impressions for
plate work, It ts occasionally used an
a filler in lho manufacture of textiles
nnd paper, and in asbestos wallboard
and pipe and boiler covering. In the
making of portland cement gypsum
is used as an ingredient for the purpose of regulating the period of setting.
As u fertilizer, gypsum bus long
been used, either nlono, when It b
known ns land plaster, or as an in
gredlent of many artificial fertilizers.
It has tho property of liberating plant
food in tho soil.
New uses aro constantly being
found tor this adaptable mineral, and
tho revival of tbe building Industry
will no doubt result in nn Increased
production. In 1920 420,144 tons wero
mined, of a value of $1,876,191.
war department at 15 cents per pound.
Tho German - American interests
which had, up to that time, controlled
tbo world's zinc supply, and had bem
reaping a rich harvest from their artificially-high prices, immediately
dropped their price to 15 cents per
pound. In competition with the production of the Trail smelter from the
Sullivan mine, and the Allies wore
saved scores of millions of dollars
in the cost of munitions by the enterprise of a British Columbia mining
company, which had behind it the resources of a htherto useless British
Columbia mine.
By 1917. the critical year of the war,
the zinc production from tho Sullivan
mine was up to 20,715.090 pounds; by
1918 it reached 26,704,806 pounds; by
1919, 46,460,70:1 pounds, and by 1920
70,000,000 pounds. There is no more
remarkablo instance ot the successful
application of metallurgical research
work In the history of the world's mining. It was nn achievement of which
the province as well as the company
might well be proud.
Contrast to Present Luxurious
Models Which Are Now Being Mnmiftu'tured
MORE THAN 85,000
A total eclipse of the moon is scheduled to occur April 21 and 22. It will
begin about 11.57 p.m., April 21. The
moon will be entirely lu shadow from
shortly after 2 a.m. until about 3 a.m,
Both tho beginning nnd ending of the
eclipse will he visible generally in
North nnd South America nnd tho Pa
clflc ocean.
'Bayer" is only Genuine
OTTAWA. — Soldier settlement
board figures up to tlie end ot FeV
ruary show tlmt 25,650 returned soldiers linve settled on tlie land. This
total Ismndo up ns follows:
Settled hy loans on purchased lands,
Settled hy loans on encumbered
lands, 2,311.
Settled by loans on Dominion
lands, 3,625. (Of this number 3,100
aro soldier grants-)
Settled without lonns or soldier
grants 5,308,
Totnl 26,550.
Tlie total nnmber qualified for
loans Is 42,727. Over (30,000,000 ln
loans hava been approved by the
Warning! It's criminal to take a
chance on any substitute for genuine
"Buyer Tnhlets of Aspirin," prescribed by physicians for twenty-one yenrs
and proved safo by millions. Unless
you soo the nnme "Bayer" on package
or on tablets yon are not getting Aspirin at all. In every Bayer package are
directions for Colds, Headache, New-
la, Rheumatism, Earache, Toothache, Lumbago and for Pain. Handy
tin boxos ot twelve tabi'ets cost few
cents. Druggists also sell larger packages. Made In Canada* Aspirin ls
the trade mark (registered In Canada,) ot ilayor manufacture of Mono-
acctlcacldester ot SaUcyllcacld.
Those wlio have thought that the
designing and building of motor cars
ln Canada trailed the progress of the
automobile industry iu other countries
may now revise their ideas in this respect, for it has just come to light
that tiio first Canadian automobile
was designed and built ut a lime that
practically marked the dawn ot the
motor car Industry. Details regarding
this first car are contained in an article in the Owen Sound Times, which
states that, In 1899 A. J. Prost, for
years tho Studebaker dealer ln Owen
Sound, brought out this first Canadian
car, an automobile of his own design,
built by himself. Further Information
rogarding this car Is that lt was equipped wltll wire wheels and pneumatic
tires, made 18 miles an hour and 36
miles on a gallon ot gasoline, was
strap-cranked from the seat, had two
speeds forward and non-reverse, and
saw six years ot active service.
"Away hack in 1899," says the Owen
Sound Times. "Mr. A. J. Frost stnrted
to build his 'horseless carriage,' and
it was completed a year later. He
built it on what was known as the
Stanhope type, looking very much
liko a pneumatic-tired buggy without
shafts. Thon lie changed the design
somewhat by lengthening lh0 chassis
and putting tho hood In front ot tho
dash hoard. The motor was a French
two-eyllnilered opposed nir-cooled
type 2r!d by 2rit. It drovo the car about 18 miles per hour.
"Tho transmission was Mr. Frost's
own design, and It wns remarkable for
Its simplicity. It had two speeds forward hut no reverse. It was a chain
nnd sprocket drive lo tho rear axle.
On this cur wus probuhly the first
self-starter ever made, consisting of
a strap to tho driving seat. Just a
pull of this nnd the englno wus turned over without much effort.
"The tires were what was known as
Dunlop pneumatic sulky tires, 23-3,
and worn still in good condition when
the car wns finally laid up in 1006
The springs wero full elliptic front
and rear. Tho steering was ny a
'tiller,' about the same as is still used
on electric ears. The engine was under the seat and was light enough to
bo carried quite easily by any man.
"Tho car weighed 690 pounds and
would run 30 miles to the gallon of
gnsollne-a good record evon tor the
present. Tiie car was' not the silent
type that Mr. Frost now drives, but
could be heard a long way oft. The
car wonld not back up and when it
became necessary to back up, It had
to be shoved backwnrds, and frequently the driver wonld get out and walk
beside tt going up a hill, to help out
tho engine."
Cranhrook seems to have set the
fashion iu regard to making somo
camping provision for tlie auto tourists wlio come to the city. Other places
in the province are now following tlie
example set hy this city in tho mutter.
The Fernie Board of Trade Is taking
tho question in hand, and has selected a site near the railroad tracks, on
a piece ot land which tlie Coal Company is granting the use of,
This is said to be an Ideal spot am*
ungst a growth of young trees, ond
ln which every direction one looks nothing but mountains aro to be seen.
When It Is cleaned up lt will be one
of the finest camp sites in the country. Wlien the clearing is done, buildings of the necessary character will
l» built and water and electric lights
placed in them. Lights will nlso be
placed in the grounds.
To commence with, sites for three
separate parties will be prepared,
each with its own open tire place.
A central building containing a cooking range and laundry tubs will be
built and another one with flush
Pentlcton is also taking steps along
the samo line, according to an
nouncement from that town.
Kootenay Granite ft Monumental Co-, Ltd.
General Stout Contractors ud
Monumental Worki
front 8t, Nelson   f.O.kuW
The Canadian Pacltlc Railway and
K.V.n. will resume the dully schedule
uf tlie Const-Kootenny passenger service on May 23, according to an olllclal announcement. The new service.
It Is understood, will bo operated nn
tiio schedule ot Inst year, except that
thero will be no mall service on Sundays.
on the
NO. 67 DAILY—To Nelaon, Vancouver, Spokane, oto. Arrlva 11.10 p.
in.; leave 12.20 p.m.
SO. IW DAILY—TO Fernle, Letli-
brldgo, Medicine Hat, Calgary, etc.
Arrlvo 4.10 p.m.; loave 4.20 p.m.
Practical Commercial Course In
Shorthand, Typewriting
Bookkeeping, Commercial  Law
Commercial English and
for Particulars Apply to
C. W. TYLElt, Principal
P. 0. Box, 11, Nelaon, B.C
t'ninbriKih, Fernle, Lethbrldge, Cardston Hen Ice t
NO. M—Leave 6.46 a.m.; MO. W -
arrive 8.30 p.m. Connection at
Macleod tn and from Calgary; connection at Lethbrldge to and trom
Mcd rillo Hat.
HEPATOLA removes Gall Stone*
corrects AppendlcltU ln 24 hours
without pain. Regtatered under
Pure Food and Drug Act. 16.50
Sole Hanufactnrer
MRS.   GEO.   8.   ALMAS
BulMI MMtkAve.*.
Craabrook, WjclHto, Klmberley Service!
NO. HM-Leave 7.05 a.m.; NO. Ml-
nrrlvo 2.10 p.m.
Cranbrook, Lake Windermere ud
Golden derive*.
Monday and Thursday, each week
—NO. 821, leave 9 a.m     Wednesday
and   Saturday—NO, 8H. arrive   1.31
For further particulars  apply to
any ticket agent,
District Passenger Agent, Calgary.
medicine for nil Female Complaint. 16 n bo*,
or three for |lo, nt drug storm. Mailed toony
nddresinn receipt of price. Tun BCOBBtt Druo
Co., st.ommriiK-n. Otttarin, t
for Nerve mid Untlti; increase* "urey matter'
n'l'onif -will bulla you up, |HatK>x,ortwofor
tt, ntdruK nlort-i or by mall on receipt of price.
Ml fey QrMftmfc BMk * Um O* Thursday, April 21st, 1921
Morning Service at 11 a.m.
"The Ureat Necessity.*
Sunday School at 12 noon.
Evening Service at 7,30 p.m.
Subject:   .
Subject, "Source^ »f Joy."
Young  People's Meeting  on
Tuesday Evening ut 8 p.m.
Prayer   Meeting   on   Thursday at 8 p.m.
nmroiUTiON or thi: city of
•Write of thief (imsliihli;
au tionK running nt largo wltliout
a license having previously heen obtained win U Impounded and it uot
claimed within forty-eight hours win
ho destroyed,
,r. HoitKUTH, Coitstablo.
Datod nt Crnnbrook. B.C., tills 8Ut
day of Mar Oil, 1021.
Office of i'tilef Constable
On and after April First, 1021, the
Pound By-Law will ho strictly enforced within tiio corporate limits of
the city.
J. ROBERTS, Constable.
Dated at Crnnbrook, BC, this Hist
day of March, 1921.
Private Nursing Hnme
Licensed by Provincial Govt.
Maternity and General Nursing
Massage ond Rest Cure, Highest
References, terms moderate.
Apply Mrs. A. Crawford, Matron
Phiue 259 P. O. Box 845
Address, Garden Ave. Cranbrook
There aro now four forest schools
organized us departments of Canadian
universities. These in the order of
their establishment arc, Toronto, Laval, New Brunswick nnd British Columbia. Tlie last named school was
organized in the past few months.
(Continued from Pago One)
rock and aro called dykes. The less
deep cracks and fissures have beeu
filled with mineral bearing solutions
rich lu silica to form quartz veins,
which are the most common variety.
Of course it does not always follow
that a quartz vein Is mineralized with
metallic minerals, sometimes tbey ure
barren. But quartz is tho most common miut^ral which accompanies the
metals.' Other common gangue minerals uro barite, calclte, fluorspar and
sldei'lte, The theory which is generally accepted and is applicable to most
deposits hi veins is as follows:
Tho oro wus originally deposited
from ascending mineral bearing solutions antl vapours, rich in sillcu and
metallic sulphides. As tho pressure
nml temperature booame diminished
in tho upper Konos of tho earth's crust
thuso solutions or vapours woro no
longer able to carry Ihelr mineral
bunion, ami the different minerals
crystallised out hi Uio gangue mineral
such as quartz, which iu turn solidified.
Home veins are hitwoim well defined walls, in others tho mineralisation grades off Into the country rock,
filling small orooks and replacing the
rock to form disseminations of low
grade ore, the original channel may
not have heen anything more than a
siiuill crack.
In many cases there has been a
continual heavy flow ot underground
waters, and the original deposits
formed by the nscendlim mineral
hearing solutions have boon gi.atly
enriched. This enrichment is accentuated In the vadose zone, or the
zone affected hy the flow of meteoric
waters or waters which flow downwards from* the "surface. In many instances probably it is most pronounced in gold quftrtz veins.
All waters flowing through rock
masses may be considered as chemical agents for thoy nro continually dis-
olving mineral from the rocks through
which they pass to deposit in the
main channels ot circulation.
Dykes are generally common in
metalliferous districts and are looked
upon with favor by mining men.
Their influence is favorable for tney
give rise to fissures or channels for
mineral bearing solutions nnd have
provided great heat which has stlmu-
Tho country rock oucloalug a vein
is ut'teu un Important factor lu tbe
deposition of ore, lor Instance a vein
may bo lean where it crosses one kind
of ruck und make ore in another. But
there is no well defintd rul« for this,
it is besl to hts guided by the tacts as
you find them. The -^arbouaceous
slates of the Slocan are favorable for
uiu deposition, for the organic matter which they contain acts as a reducing agent.
Veins are ott.-n formed along the
line of a ruuli plane, and movement
is evidenced by polished or allcken-
slded surfaces. When the movement
and pressure lias been great, the country rock becomes crushed and broken
on either side of tlie fault for a considerable distance, giving rise to
what is known as a sheared zono, ln
which largo ore bodies may develop.
I a the Blocan City division at the
Arlington mine and other properties
the oro occuis in sheared zones in
granite, in tho Blocan muny of tlie
deposits occupy sheared fissures, iu
which there is evidence of movement
having taken place since tbe oro was
Oro invariably occurs in lens-like
bodies or shoots, lt Is never continuous for the entire length of tho vein.
These shoots do not necessarily extend downwards vertically hut often
have a pitch or trend lu the piano at
lho vein, which Is important and not
always taken into account.
Hi placement   Deposits
Replacement deposits are formed
by tho gradual replacement of the
country rock by mineral benring solutions. The more soluble tlie rock the
more readily It Is replaced.
Limestone being easily soluble
lends Itself to replacement, hence
many of lho largest and most valuable
deposits of this class are found In
The ascending solutions find access
to a porous or easily soluble bed by
means of a fissure or a number of
small fissures,, they then circulate
along the linos of least rosistence
following seams, joint planes and bedding planes to form Irregular shaped
ore bodies. These bodies are often
disconnected, hence when working a
replacment deposit in limestone, it is
advisable to follow up and thoroughly
prospect any small seam of ore, for j
it may lead to a large body. Otlier I
rocks besides limestone are replaceable, such as quartzlte, slate schists
lated the circulation of the   mineral; and igneous rocks:
bearing  solutions  and    underground     The deposits formed in   the   less
On Foot Through.tlfc Canadian
Banff SprinpM Hotel and Sulphur
Leaving tho picturesque station of
Banff the traveller panes over good
roads through the little village of
Banff, crosses the Bow Hlver with
Its tlno vistas both east and vest,
up through the Straight and towering pines to the Banff Springs Hotel
which stands Imposingly on a
natural kuolt under the shadow of
the  great   innuuLatns.
Gazing at Tunnel Mountain, the
visitor sees n winding trail, and
decldi'B to see If there Is anything
of tim mountaineer tn him.    Ho
walks to the village, turns to tho
right at tho little cobble-stone hank,
and follows tho driving road. As
he begins the true ascent, he follows
cut-offH which shorten his walk by
many yards. He hcoh that motorcars drive around the north shoulder
of the mountain and tlmt a pony-trail
leads to the top. It Is a tiny mountain (6,600 ft.) but tliere is a fine
view from the summit. A climb
la repaid. Tho warm winds sigh
through the -scrubby spruces, mountains surround him on all sides, the
Bow River is but a silver thread
from that height as lt comes out of
the west and is lost in the valley ef
pines below. Goat Mountain to the
south seems to guard the Spray
valley. As he looks far down and
across the abrupt east face of the
mountain he sees one of the most
perfectly located golf courses in the
The Spray trail may be walked or
ridden over. Let us walk. It ts
only, a matter ot two days wtth one
night under the stars. A loaf of
bread, a small tin of butter, a little
tea or coffee, matches, some baoon,—.
aU packed Into a discarded lard-pall
—<ied securely ln a warm blanket
and swung easily from the shoulders,
are all thtt is needed for the first
walking tour. Tho tourist saunters
slowly up the Spray valley meet-
tag an occasional chipmunk, quirt
Mttto Urds flittering In tha shadow*
«t tat** fcittflrtkM
about where thf sunrhlrie fliuH an
opening, flowers occasionally, moss
all about a foot thick and ever and
always the gurgling of tho river.
Calling "enough" be casts aside hia
pack on reaching an old lumber-
eanip BQVefa miles south of Banff. Ho
oooks his frugal meal, dreams beside
the flickering flro and as the ntghl
draws In, rolls himself In his
blanket and sleeps. Tlu following
morning with breakfast eaten, the
fire thoroughly extinguished, his
pack adjusted, he crosses tbe bridge
at the camp and taken up tiio 1 rail
toward White Man's Pass. Bight
mileB beyond tho bridge Is nn open
draw on the left (which must nol be
mistaken for the above pant)
through which he makes bis way,
and three miles more down a rough
siopo brings him into Canmore—a
mining-town of considerable Importance. The evening train of the
C. P. It. will here pick him up aud
ln a short time land blm again
among the solid comforts of the
If time presses, tbe following day
may be utilized by a climb to the
top of Sulphur Mountain. This
mountain Is Just back of thc Banff
Springs Hotel to tbe west. It has
a good trail to the summit, (about
8,000 ft.) and can be taken on font
or on horse-back. An excellent
driving road leads to the Upper Hot
Springs (about one third way up
the mountain) where a hot bath
from the nature-heated waters maybe had. On this road 1b passed tbe
Alpine Club-house where the climbers of the world congregate at least
once a year—a typical rendezvous
for the mountain-enthusiast.
The summit of Sulphur Mountain
well repays any eiertlon spent nn
making the cltmb as from that point
of vantage a most comprehensive
Idea of a large area ot the country
la to be obtained. It Ib a specially
interesting walk tor tbe botanist.
M Mr fcftipfl la Ultt 1ft walking
humor, thp next eailest trip la to
Healey Crock. Obtaining a lunch
which may be easily stowed away in
his pocket, he takes the roud to the
village, but instead of crossing the
Bow Rlvor bridge he veers to the
lefi nnd wnlks west on the "Cave*
and-B&sln Road" passing about a
half mile beyond the bridge a handsome group of hath-hotisis erected
by the Oovernment. Continuing on
the same road ho sees: "This Road
to Bundanco Canyon." Tho canyon Is
two mills further on. Leave the canyon for a laky day nnd keep a r.barp
look-om Tor an Insignificant board
on   the   right   which   roads:   "To
Healey Creok", At first Ilie suggestion of a trail Is rather dls-
couraglng but entering the btisb a
few yards it proves to be well marked and In easily followed. Crossing
Healey Creek about six miles (torn
tho entrance to tho trail, fl small
open flat is soon on which Is built
a game-warden's shack, lt Is a spot
where fancy has a chance to run
riot. All about are high, encircling
mountains while trulls run in different directions, whore do they load?
Ono who knows tho country would
say: "Take that trail to the couth
and you will go over Simpson Pass
(ii,!)54 ft,), down to Mount AbbIhi-
bolne, back by way of the Spray
Lakes, then down Spray River to
Banff, In all a distance of 70 miles".
Or the Banff resident may say:
"Reaching the Simpson Summit,
cross to the Vermillion Summit, go
north to Castle Mountain, cross the
Bow River, turn coat nnd come back
by way of the motor-road, unlcsB
you prefer to slay on thc south aide
of the river and walk Into Banff by
trail." A third proposition arises at
Vermillion Summit (5 264 ft.), Instead of turning ekni a trail runt
due   wont   to   Boom   I .nice,   Con«
easily soluble rocks may bo expected
to havo better defined boundaries, and
bo confined to area* ciost by the original break or fissure through which
tbe solutions gained access.
Contact Metamorphle Deposit
Contact metamorphic deposits are
found near the contact of Plutonic igneous rocks with sedimentary rocks,
notably limestone.
They resemble replacement deposits
in that the mineral hearing solutions
which have either eoauated from the
Igneous rock or accompanied its intrusion, and have replaced the rock
on either side of the contact. The effect of the intrusion of the igneous
rock has been to change the form of
the original mineral constituents, and
by evidence of certain minerals we ure
able to distinguish this sort of deposit
from an ordnary replacement or contact deposit.
The ni"st common uietaiuorphic
minerals accompanying tbeae deposits are: ESpldote, Qarnet, Pyroxene,
Amphibolt group (Tremollte, Actlna-
lite, Hornblende.)
Tho most common ore minerals are:
Magnetite, Chalcopyrlte, I'yrlte, Pyrrhotlte, and sometimes Molybdenite
and Zinc Blende.
The ore bodies aro generally Irregular in shaite, size and tenor of tiie
ore varieties.
Intrusions of highly siliceous rocks
like pranites are not considered to be
as favorable as the intrusions of the
more basic rocks such as monzunites,
Horites and gahbros.
Magnetic Differentiation
Wo find metallic minerals distributed through igneous rocks as accessory constituents, generally in very
small amounts, but some of thc rocks
are richer iu these minerals than others.
.Magnetite and pyrlte are found In
nearly ull igneous rocks.
In certain cases accessory minerals
become locally concentrated, as do
the original constituents of the rock.
For Instance In walking over granite
areas you will notice that tn places
the granite ts much darker than In
others, where the more basic minerals
Including augtte pyroxene and hornblende have segregated, so in cases
wliere the original magma happened
to be rich In accessory metallic minerals, these have become concentrated locally to form segregations sufficiently rich to produce ore.
Bedded Deposit**
In bedded deposits the ore hae heen
laid down from solution. Iron ores
are frequently bedded. Llmonlte Is
a bog iron ore, which has been deposited from solution, the iron being derived originally from the weathering
of rocks rich ln iron.
Tho Clinton iron ores consist ot
hematites in the stratified rocks ot
Silurian age. The ores at Belle Isle
In the Gulf of St. Lawrence are also
bedded hematites.
The slliclfied conglomerates of Wit
watersrand of South Africa carry gold
and are bedded deposits.
The iron ores of the Lake Superior
district owe their origin to the weathering of great beds of cherty carbon
ates ot iron, Soft earthy masses of ore
have resulted which have Wn concentrated In troughs ot synclinal folds
of Impervious strata.
Where veins and rock heavily mineralized with metallic sulphides, are
exposed to the action of the weather,
a certain chemical action takes place,
the oxygen of the air and water has
tendency to decompose and alter
the rock constltuen -, so that we have
a superficial zone of weathered an decayed rock matter extending downwards tor varying depths, depending
on local conditions. This ts called the
zone of Oxidation.
In this country where the erosion
ls rapid due to the heavy precipitation and to the steep hill slopes, the
soft decomposed matter Is mostly carried off as soon as lt Is formed, hence
as a rule we do not expect the zone
ot Oxidation or weathering to continue downwards for any great depth.
There are exceptions to this rule, notably the Bluebell, Paradise and North
Star mines.
Superficial Enrichment
In this upper tone of Silver-lead
Veins, tho following changes take
place: The Iron pyrlte Ir oxidized
to form Lemonite, which remains as
a brown or yellowish Btaln. The gel-
ena,' which is not readily soluble, ls
only partly oxidized to form lead carbonates nnd sulphates, the remainder
le in pockets and bunches ln soft decomposed ledge matter. Tho sine being readily soluble Is easily attacked
by surface waters, and Is carried off,
so that the zinc values In this zone
are not usually high. The silver mostly remains behind, associated with the
lead carbonates and sulphates or possibly as silver chloride. The values
obtained In this zone are as good If
not bettter than can be expected at
greater depth. Below this zone of oxidation we get into the solid rock and
the primary sulphide ore, generally
consisting of galena, zinc blende and
Iron pyrites ln a gangue of quartz or
calclte or slderite.
In the upper portion of the primary
ore zone, we occasionally have a alight
secondary enrichment by silver minerals, which may occur as native stiver
in thin plates filling small seams or
as ruby silver. In some of the silver
veins ln granite area of Slocan City
division, we have native silver and an-
tlmonial sulphides such as Stephan-
tte, which are generally considered to
be secondary minerals.
In this district we do not expect to
You Should ...
rf.    * ,*-, of digestion—
lake CarehKTS?0!,
largely a matter of Good Digestion,
A Wise person should use Beecham's
Pills to relieve digestive ills and
correct stomachic disorders. On account of their service and reputation
for reliability -TAKE
in boxci, 25c. 50c.
Largfttt Sale, of «nr Medicine in the World
the ore is not likely to Improve in
value with depth, although it may occur in lurge bodies.
Copper Deposits
The surface out crop plugs of copper
deposits generally show oxidized and
leached conditions, but there is usually a green or blue stain to Indicate
tho presence of copper. The copper
values will be found to be better below the oxidized /.one, though If
there is any gold and silver values
associated, they will be richer in this
upper zone. The chalcopyrlte and
other ores ol copper are easily acted
upon by oxidation, and iu arid regions
where the erosion Is slight, copper deposits are sometimes covered at the
surface with an iron capping or Gossan, in whicli tliere Is not even a
stain of copper,
Gossan is soft earthy decomposed
material, from which the metallic
contents have been leached. It is no%
correct to refer to a body of magnetite
or pyrrhotlte as an iron capping, for
there Is no reason to assume that they
cap ores of more precious metals, or
that they will change In uuy way with
In Uisbee Arizona, the huge copper
deposits are capped by a barren Gossan, although the original location
was made on a large outcrop of copper-stained ledge matter. Uelow the
Gossan carbonate ores are encountered, then, oxidized ores, suprlte, tenor-
tte and native copper, then enriched
sulphide ores, chalcoclte and covet ite
and lastly the primary sulphides, chalcopyrlte. bornlle and Iron pyrites.
Gold Quart/. Vein*
At the surface the outcrops of these
veins are generally composed of rusty
colored and honeycombed quartz, due
to the oxidation of the Iron sulphides
with which the gold Is generally associated. Tho iron hns been leached
out and the gold remains in its nntlve
Hence In ttie zono of oxidation you
generally havo u concentration of the
gold values, by removal ot u lot of
Waste material, aud further, the gold
being free is more amenable to treat
ment. Below this zone, the gold is
usually combined with the metallic
Generally speaking gold quarts
veins are richer In their upper portions.
Developing Prospects
In developing a prospect confine
your attention firstly to a thorough
exploration of the surface showings,
by trenching, opencuts and shallow
shafts, and if possible stay with the
ore—don't scatter your work all over
the claim—as the main thing ls to
develop a body of ore which can be
mined and shipped at a profit.
One good showing is worth a great
deal more than a number of small
unimportant ones, scattered over a
lurge area,
When you have got your ore, sit
down and do a little figuring and find
out whether it will pay you to haul it
to the railway and ship,
ir you find that it will not pay to
ship as crude ore, and should the
showings give promise of. producing
large tonnage, endeavor to show it up
to good advantage so that you will
be able to Interest sufficient capital
to take hold of it, with a view of
building a concentrator.
When In doubt as to whether your
ore will pay to ship, it would be as
well to send a sample to the smelter,
and ask what their rates would be, or
drop a Hue to' me, aud I will gladly
figure your smelting costs, upon the
assay value.
When conditions at the surface appear to fully justify the driving ot
a crosscut in order to gain depth,
don't go more than 100 feet vertically
below the surface workings; In other
words, develop by gradual processes^
keeping in touch with your ore. The
saying that "ono has to crawl before
ho can walk" Is truly applicable to
Itnleveloplng sheared flssun's and
sheared zones, crosscut at intervals
to make sure that you have your true
walls. The values are often confined
to a .pnystreak, which either follows
the foot or hanging wall.
Just plain, common sense Is the
greatest asset to any mining man. It
Is just as important to know when to
stop as when to go on developing a
"I suffered severely from piles," writes
Mr. James Ruddy, of Killaloe, Ont.,
"the pam at times was unbearable. 1 had
tried one after aaother oi tbe so-called
'pile-remedies,' but continued every bit
as bad as ever until I commenced the
Zam-Uuk treatment. To my joy this
herbal healing balm speedilv relieved the
burning irritation. Perseverance banished the piles completely."
For piles apply Zam-Buk at night and
lei it act while yon sleep. Zam-Buk's
refined herbal essences speedily soothe
ind heal the inflamed tissues—take aufey
.in* burning pain and awful itching like
nothing elso can. Zam-Buk is also iho
lineal possible remedy for enema, ulcers,
ringwormi poisoned-aores, burns, scalds*
and boils, rashes and other spring skin
troubles 60c.box3fo>fl,fi8 A l: dealers
or irom Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.
SEALED tenders addressed to the
undersigned and endorsed "Quotation
for Coal, Domlniou Bulldlnga British
Columbia," will be receive*/until 19
o'clock ni»out Monday, May 16, 1921,
for the supply of coal for the public
buildings throughout the province of
British Columbia.
Combined specification and form of
tender can be obtained from the Purchasing Agent, Department of Publio
Works, Ottawa, and trom the Caretakers of the different Dominion Buildings.
TenderB will not bo cashiered unless made on the forms supplied by
the Department and in accordauoe
with the conditions set forth therein.
Bach tender must be accompanied
by an accepted cheque on a chartered
bank payable to the order of the Minister of Public Works, equal to 10
p.c of the amount of the tender. War
1-oan Bonds of the Dominion will also
be accepted as security, or war bonds
and cheques if required to mako up
an odd amount.
By order.
Department of Public Works.
Ottawa. Ont-. April 15th. l?21      S-9
Battery InspectionWeek
Free examination and unbiased
advice at tP/iedO£ite Service Stations
driving road tul.es tlie explorer <U-
rtctlir lu to 1-oke Umiac. U. 8. W.
eolation  Lake and  thence to Moraine Lake from whicli point a Kood ^ (ind any well defined zone of second
ary enrichment, tuch   »  occur*   In
chiM-i ot alight melon, Uxrafore
Pull up
where you
see this sign
DRIVE around to the Prest-O-Lite Service Station
this week and let experts give your battery the
once-over. Get ready (or the motoring season just ahead.
No matter what make your battery is, the service
station's job is to examine it and advise you intelligently
and honestly. Maybe it doesn't need so'much as a drink
of distilled water.
Anyhow, it won't cost you a nickel to find out. And
now's the time to do that. Some little five-minute adjustment NOW may save you the price of a new battery
Vou are careful to see that your car has gas, oil and
water. Don't overlook that equally important element
—battery-juice. Every Prest-O-Lite Service Station is
a life-extension dispensary for batteries.
When you do need a new battery, you'll be glad to
know that Prest-O-Lite is back to pre-war prices and
that an allowance will be made on your old battery. Get
that examination now.
The Kootenay Garage
Cr&Li\brook. B.C.
Uses less than one four-hundredth of its
power-reserve for a single start—and
the generator quickly replaces that. FARE    SIX
Thursday, April 21st, 1931
MacDonald's Grocery
m fit al
per tin
Libby's Peaches, 2s    35c
Libby's Peaches, 2s, sliced     40c
Libby's Pears, ls 85c
Libby's Pears, 2s    40c
Libby's Rosedale Peaches, 2s  30c
Libby's Rosedale Apricots, 2s  30c
Libby's Rosedale Apricots, 2U.s 40c
Libby's Royal Anne Cherries, 2s 45c
Libby's Rosedale Pineapple,  2s 4(lc
Libby's H. V. Pineapple, 2s    35c
Libby's Pineapple, 2%a    50c
City Items of Interest
Insure with Beale and Elweli.
+   +   +
Charles Fry, one of the goutry who
firmly believo tlmt lt Is possible to
llvo Iu this strenuous ago    without
working for one's living, couldn't con
vince tlie pollco magistrate on Tuesday that lit had sufficient means to
justify his idleness, und wns given instructions to mako himself    scarce,
advice which he deemed It best to tuke,
and accordingly left the city.
+   +   +
E. Grade Linoleum $1.25 per sq. yd-
Cranbrook Exchange
Our low prices win evory time.
+ + **♦•
A banquet will be given by Key
City Lodge, No. 42, I.O.O.F., In the
Lodge Room, on Monday evening,
April 25th, 1921, at 9 .p.m., In commemoration of the 102nd Anniversary
of tlie founding of the Order. All
Oddfellows and their wives and Ite-
bekahs and tho husbands are cordially
+ + +
If you have any gardening, cooking,
house cleaning, laundry work, or
anything to be done along these lines,
apply to En Sing, Chinese Mission, or
I'hono No. 170. Hates *eusonablo und
satisfaction assured.
+   +   +
Rend Bealo   &   El wall's   advertisement on this page   for    Residential
+ + <
Rev. R. W. Lee's subject at the Methodist church on Sunday evening
next, April 24, will -a "The Unstated
Text." At this service the local Odd-
follows and Rebekah Lodges will bo
in attendance, commemorating tlie
102nd anniversary of the founding of
tho I.O-O.F. Thero will also be an
anthem by tho church choir, "Send
Out Thy Light," by Gounod.
+ + +
As u somowhut striking commentary
on the discussion which went on tn
the council meeting last Thursday
evening regarding the advisability or
otherwise of reducing tho fire department staff, there have been two flro
calls this week. The Idea advanced
at the council meeting was that since
thero were so few calls on the brigade somo reduction tn the expense of
the upkeep of the department might
be made. Shortly after six on Monday
morning a call was turned in which
brought tho brigade to a rubbish pile
at the rear of 161 Durlck Avenue. This
had apparently started to smoulder
from somo hot asiics coming ln contact with some Inflammable rubbish,
which during the night was fanned to
u blaze of sufficient proportions to
wnrrant someono turning in n call.
On Wednesday, shortly before noon,
the whistle blew again, und this time
the blaze was In a small woodshed at
the rcur of Jas. Wheatley's premises
on Cranhrook Street.
Piano  Tuning
With Mason & Klsch
will he to Cranbrook shortly.
Repair* to Pianos and Organs
will be attended to. High Class
Work done nt moderate prices.
Cull or Phone nnd leave yonr
order with
Phone 390
Box 181   -  -   Cranbrook, B.C.
All Oddfellows are requested to meet
ut the I-odge Room on Sunday, April
24th, at 7 p.m. sharp, for the purpose
of attending the Anniversary Service
nt the Methodist Church tu a body.
+ + +
Watch for announcement of Edlsoln
Theatre Summer Dances, commencing
iu May.
+   +   +
Bealo & Elweli, Steamship agents.
Direct bookings    to    all    European
+   +   +
Tungsten Lamps, 40w. 46o
Tungsten lampa, 60w. (Or
Cranbrook Exchanga
Oa? low prlcw win efery tin*
-f + +
Kathleen arrived In the city on
Saturday or Sunday last, and the outcome of a tearful scene on Tuesday
at tho pollco court was that she was
given about an hour to leave again.
She accordingly boarded the train
liiiit. evening, announcing Vancouver
as her next sojourning place.
+ + +
MacDonald's Grocery ad. this week
brings word to thrifty housekeepers
of a drastic cut In canned fruit prices. Al quality goods are now reduced considerably. See his ad. on
tliis page.
+   +   +
White   Canvas    Shoes— womens*,
mens', boys' and girls', all sizes. Our
low prices win every time.
+    +    +
R. J. Binning has recently disposed or bis studio building on Norbury
Avenue, and is now hunting a new location.     If ho finds tt called for ln
his new location, ho may install a new
lighting system, whereby all portraiture would be done by electric light,
instead of depending  upon  the precarious daylight in the winter months.
+   +   +
Fresli ground coffee 50 and 60c per
pound.   Locnl fresh eggs 45c per dozen—now ls the time to put them down
its they will uot be cneaper.   Oranges
at 30, 35, 40, 60 and 70c per dozen;
fine for the kids.   Grape frutt 2 for
25c.    Brome grass,  Timothy, No.  1
Marquis   Seed Wheat,   White Dutch
Clover, Lawn Grass Seed,    and   all
kinds of Garden Seeds.   Also Okanagan Potatoes.
*~ +   +   +
Tlie Rod and Gun Club Field day
planned for Wednesday of this week
was not so largely attended as wus
at first thought would bo attracted by
an event of this nature. Perhaps the
windy, cold day kept some of the en
thuslnsts home. Certainly the enthusiasm which marked the planning of
the event at the Rod and Gun Club
meeting recently Indicated a good
strong measure of support was to be
expected. Less than a dozen went
out to St. Mary's Pralrto, and under
the captaincy of Messrs. E. T. Cooper
and Lester Clapp, the two teams secured about three dozen gopher tails
nplece. This account will be carried
forward, and probably some later events along the same line will decide
who ls to put up the supper.
+ + +
A further meeting of the G. W. V.
A. celebration committeo is being held
tomorrow evening, Frldny, nt tho club
rooms, and it Is hoped thero will be a
good attendance.
+ + +
I Two now business enterprises seem
I duo for starting out tn the city before
long, whicli seoms to Indicate that
there are some people who are willing
to take a chance In regard to the fu-
(ture of the city. One ls a second moving picture house, which will be put
up on a Bite olrendy decided upon on
Norbury Avenue. This enterprise ls
understood to be backed by a number
of local men, and a good deal of capital ls going Into the venture In the
form of a good building and equipment tomatch. Another venture In
the shape of a new refreshment parlor and store Is understood to be going to commence operations In the
building recently disposed of by Mr.
R. J. Binning and at present occu
pled by him.
Chevrolet Roadster In perfect condition, cheap for Cash.
This In the hest model the Chevrolet people ©v©r turned
out, and a very good buy for anyone wanting a really reliable small car.   Will demonstrate at any time.
J. FRED SPALDING Box 26, Fernle, B.C.
Jack   HUslain   has  been  in
bridge this week on business.
Cap. Carruthers, of Nelson, was lu
town this week lu tha interests of his
firm, Turner Beeton and Co,
A daughter was born to Dr. and Mrs
W. A. Fergie, ut the Cottage1 Hospital,
on Wednesday, April 20th.
J. I). McBride returned to the city
on Tuesday of this week after au absence of somo months.
Mrs. John Taylor of Moyle was in
the hospital on Tuesday suffering
from tho effects of a bud cold.
Mr. and Mrs. Baker, of Fort Steel
aro removing shortly to Vahk, whoro
a house is now being completed for
their occupation.
W. W. Perry, of Vancouver, representing tho well known ilimit. Bros.,
Ltd., was among tho commercial men
in tho city this week.
W. D. Hill and sou, Stanley, left
on Monday for Sinclair Hot Springs,
where the former is "taking tlie euro"
for a few days,
Mr. T. M, Roberts has been away
at ttie Coast this week, having left last
Saturday. He ls expected to return
this week-end.
Sperry Phillips, an agricultural
second year U.B.C. student, is expected to arrive next week from Vancouver to spend the summer at home.
E. T. Cooper was away the early
part of this week up the Windermere
district on a business trip. He was
hack in time to be on hand for the
Rod and Gun Club shoot on Wednesday afternoon, however.
Rev. T. GlasBford, BA., of this city, will conduct services In Knox
church on Sunday next, April. 24th,
both morning and evening. The following Sunday, May lst, It ls expected Rev. B, W. McKey will he here to
enter upon hts six months' pastoral
supply period.
Mr. W. H. Smith, who was one of
the electrical crew recently at work in
the local yards of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and who left for Vancouver on the completion of that work,
has returned to the city, and taken a
position with the Crnnbrook Trading
Mr. D. Hodgson, sales agent in
charge of the Nelson territory for tho
Northwest Biscuit Co., Edmonton, has
been In the city this week. He reports that "Som-More" biscuits nro
getth^g pretty general consumption
all though his territory, which extends
from Nelson to the Crows Nest district.
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Clark are now
occupying the home on Burwell avenue which they recently purchased.
Mr. and Mrs. Inglis who were renting
this house have moved Into that formerly occupied by Mr. and Mrs. A.G.
Hill, who have In turn moved into the
house vacated by Mr. and Mrs. Clark
which Mr. Hill has purchased.
Dr. J. W. Rutledge returned on
Tuesday from a visit to Calgary, and
while there put In some good words
for the horse racing events at the
big 24th of May celebration meeting.
He met a number of the race men
personally, and got an assurance that
there will be a good representation
of Calgary horses here on the 24th.
Principal Armstrong of the high
school has been Invited to join the
staff of tho Knmehameha schools In
Honolulu. These schools were founded some thirty years ago by Princess
Kamehameha the last direct descend-
ent of that line. They are residential
schools housing some 500 pupils tn
various departments. A brother of
Mrs. Armstrong was a resident of
Honolulu for some time. If Mr. Armstrong accepts he will have charge
of tho high school department.
J. W. Pitch, of Moyie, has boen in
hospital here tills week suffering from
the cffoctH of an accldont tiiat might
easily havo provod more serious than
It did for htm. Ho was working lu
one of the tunnels at the B.C. Spruce
flume lino nt Wattsburg when a fall
started. Other men working with him
wore able to get clenr. but Mr. Fitch
In some way fell against tho tram used
tn the tunnelling work, In this way
the full weight of the ''ill of beams,
dirt, rock, etc., was held off him. He
was extricated as soon as possible by
willing helpers, hut beyond being
somewhat severely bruised nnd shaken
up, It ts found that Mr. Fitch had
caped a very serious injury. Ho was
brought In to the hospital on Monday,
One of the numerous fatalities oc-
curlng this week is the death of Walter Fraser, of Fort Steele. He has
working with the Cameron-
Myers Lumber Co,, and was kicked
by horses ln the course of hts work to
such an extent that the Injuries he received proved fatal. The accident
occurred on Monday and death took
place that day. Deceased wus a man
of about forty years of age, and
known to many In tho city. The funeral arrangements are still under
advisement, bnt the remains may bo
ablppad away.
How Are Your Eyes?
To Insure progress
and later success have
your child's eyes examined and glasses fitted
when glasses will do
the moBt good—now.
An uncorrected error
In youth often works permanent Injury for life.
Let us make the test that
will determine whether
glasses uro needed.
It. Graf, rancher of Waaa, was in
tlie city this week, and paid a friendly
call at the Herald.
Mr. L. Douglas Rengger, Baritone,
(Imperial Conservatoire, Moscow,)
voice production and violin. Studio
201 Burwell Ave.   Tlione 141.
C. M. Petmock, of the C. N. P. Lumber Co., Wiirdner, was ln Cranbrook
at the beginning of tho week for a
short time.
Mrs. Ross Pazcuzzo and baby left
for Calgary last week, where the latter will receive special medical treatment.
Geo. Stevenson, manager of the
Western Groceries, Winnipeg, was in
town this week, the guest of Alan
Graham. Georgo is looking fine.—
Fernie Free Press.
What may be the last inter-city basketball fixture of the season Is billed to tako place on Saturday night of
this week, when tho Nelson girls are
expected to arrive for a game with the
C. R. C. girls' team. Some soda! diversion is planned for the visitor.-*,, its
announced in the Club Notes this
W, H. Galbraith. of Medicine Hat,
is now with tlie Cranbrook Drug and
Book Co-, in charge of the Kodak finishing and developing department,
which the store has now added to its
Tiie old out buildings at the rear
of the Queen's Hotel have been demolished this week to make room for
new structures of corrugated iron
whicli will be put up tc be used for
un Icehouse and wood shed.
Acting on instructions handed out
hy the city council at its meeting last
week, the firemen have been busy this
week brightening up the exterior of
the fireball with fresli paint. W. R.
Glbbs secured the contract to supply
tho necessary paint, and the firemen
are themselves applying the required
two coats.
A league schedule for the newly
formed East Kootenay baseball lea-
gin- has been drawn up, and when It
has been given the final revision promises to show a good baseball program for the coming season. A dance In
aid of the club funds is being held
this evening at the Andltorium.
Fair luck was reported by anglers
wlio were out last week-end trying
their luck. From Premier Lake there
some good catches by local anglers
several in tlie neighborhood of eighteen pounds being reported, while one
lucky Fore Steele man is credited
with a thirty-pounder or thereabouts.
Commencing today, Thursday, the
time of the departure and arrival of
tlte Kimberley train is set back one
hour. The train now leaves the city
nt 8.55 a.m., city time. On May lst
It is expected there will other time
changes put into effect, particulars of
which have not yet been received.
We always have in stock a very complete line of small wares at Low Prices
HMHW-**. RM«
Corrugated Multiped
Moulded Hose
Lasting Service
W. M. Oilman, of Wasa, was in the
city last week-end.
Bicycle for Bale, in good condition,
22-inch frame, cheap for cash. Apply
L. P. Jecks, plione 408.
A very enjoyable danco took place
at Wardner on Frldny evening last,
in tlie lumber company's hall, nbout
forty-five couples participating. Am-
mong those attending were some from
Cranbrook, Bull River and other places. Edmonson's Orchestra provided the music.
Word reached the city this morning
of tlie death at Elko, of Mrs. Chas.
Klcngensmith, who has been a resident of that place for many years. Previous to that she resided Jat Fort
Steele. Cancer Is understood to be
the cause of death. F.'M. MacPherson was at Elko today making arrangements for the disposition of the
Mrs. A. C. Shankland, treasurer
>t the "Save the Children" Fund has
received from Red Cross headquarters
a receipt for a further donation of
193-75, which recently went forward
to swell the total already sent In from
Cranbrook for the worthy cause. This
makes the total contribution from this
city to the fund to date $1,448.75. This
last donation comprised the proceeds
of the recent lecture hy Miss Margaret
Pollen and somo individual contributions received by the treasurer.
A. J. Palmquist, well known Perry
Creek mining man, returned to the
city on Saturday, having come via
Chicago. He has been away since
shortly before Christmas, and In the
Interval Ell as travelled quite extensively through the mining camps of
lho western States during tho last
three months or so, going us far south
as Mexico, Mrs. Palmquist Is remaining at present at Oakland. Mr. Palm-
quist is going to mnko somo changes
to tho buildings at Perry Crock, und
hns some other prellulnury work to do
before the aorloun operations of tho
season commence.
A Into Issue ol (he Vancouver
World contained a picture of Miss Hilda Cartwrlght, of Vancouver, whose
name wns recently entered on the roll
of British Columbia barristers nnd
solicitors. Some local Interest attaches to ths event ln view of the fact
that Miss Cartwrlght was at one time
a resident of Cranbrook. Sho Is the
daughter of Mr. nnd Mrs. R. Cart-
wright, who resided ln this city for
somo four or five yenrs, leaving here
about ton years ago for the Coast.
Miss Cartwrlght is also o niece of Mr.
W. Bush, of Cranbrook. She was employed In tho office of Judge Thompson, who was at that time in private
low .practice In this city, and since going to Vancouver has been In the law
firm of Russell, Hancox & Anderson,
tiie firm witli which Mr. M. A. Macdonald has also boen associated. It
Is expected that now she bes been
called to the bar, Miss Cartwrlght will
engage in practice for herself n the
coast city.
A three and u half hour council
session last Thursday evening was
productive of some acrid discussions,
particularly on the matters of civic
The question was Introduced when
Major Hicks, representing tlie Recreation Club, nsked the city council's
consideration of a request for a grunt
for the Club, which, while not definitely stated by Major Hicks, lt was understood would he used for the purpose of enlrrging the present building.
Alderman Arnold expressed the opinion that ln the matter of grants the
hospital should have first consideration, and later, to bring matters to a
head, moved to grant the hospital one
thousand dollars. This failed of a
seconder, but a later motion by Aldermen Santo and Binning, to make
this grant $500 carried.
The Recreation Club grant found a
strong champion in Alderman Jones,
who said that $1,000 was not too much
for the Institution, Alderman Jones
finally sponsored a motion to make
the Club a grant of $500, and this was
seconded by Mrs. Laurie, and carried.
Alderman Santo strongly opposed the
grant, not on the ground of any opposition to the club, but rather because
he thought there should be some further information laid before the council. Later Alderman Santo reiterat
ed his stand, and announced that as
chairman of the finance committee he
cher for such n grant. It Is possible
could not conscientiously sign a vou-
that something further mny yet be
heard ot this matter,
A discussion on the status of thc
tiro brigade was preclpated when Alderman Binning Introduced the matter
of Increases for the firemen, a thing
which ho said had been held over for
some tlmo. There were suggestions
made tu put the firemen Into some
other work for part of their time, and
even to combine the olllce of fire chief
with that of police chief. The Increases asked for were ?10 per month
for two of the brigade, and $25 per
montii for the chief,, but the council
did not meet this, passing a motion
presented by Aldermen Flowers and
Binning to allow an Increase of $5
per month all round.
Monthly reports wero submitted by
Dr. Rutledge, dairy Inspector, W. Soden, city foreman, Fire Chief Reece
and Supt. R. C. Eakin, of the Electric
Light Dept. Mr. Eakin's report showed a marked Increase in the consumption of electric current over last
year's company records, January indicating an increase of 7Va%, February 21%%, and March 22%.
Fowler's WANTM0RE
"The   Taste   Tells"
Sold Everywhere
Phone ».
We pay the beat prlcea going (or all
kinds ot furniture. We buy anything from a mouse trap to an automobile.
LOST—A bobtail English Sheep dog,
gray, with white face. Ploaso return to Provincial Forestry Offico,
Cranbrook.   Reward will be paid.
POR SALE.—5 acres, with 2 roomed
cottage, chicken house and fruit
trees. Land Is cleared and pole
fonced. Located at Buena Vista
Gardens, 114 miles from Cranbrook,
with two good roads to town. Price
M00 cuBh. Indefeasible title to
place. Apply Wm. Thornton, Jr.,
Coal Creek, B.C. t
2 storey residence, modern,
Lumsden Avcnuo  e) 1000
Comfortable cottngo nnd 2
lots—bal broom—on
l.umsden Avcnuo —.. $1500
NIco rosldenn, wllh bathroom, on Hanson
Avenue     11100
1% s^ney rCBltlonco partly
modern, and 2 lots, on
Hanson Avenue   #1100
2 roomed cotl&gQ nnd
mound  100x180 on
French nvemie. Falrviow
Addition     MM)
2 lots and 2 shucks on
('ranbrook Street I 850
Beale & Elweli
Craabrook,   B.C.


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