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Cranbrook Herald Feb 3, 1910

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NO. 51
********************** ********************** ***********************
Winter has just begun, says the Indian
This is confirmed by Foster's Reports, which say: "We can
expect severe cold weather up to the end of March." With
these world wide authorities predicting two months more of
severe winter weather, you should have some interest in reading
our advertisement this week, where all winter goods are down
to cost; and some lines at ONI: fi MP l»RkE.
Mackinaw   Coats
Hewson  I'weeJ "ants
Medium w'plghl
Hewson Tweed Pants
Heavy weight
Mackinaw Pants
Winter Fancy Vests
$1.45 to $3.45
30 cent Wool rtitis
2J pa>r
Heavy Reefers
Herman Socks
All $1,150 lines going at
Penman Heavy Blue and
Wed Mripcd Socks
soiling all Winter ut fiOc.
Now 40 cents pair
Oxford Tweed Pants
Hen's Shoes
$2.00 per pair
Job Lot
Regular Price $3.50 and
This is the Greatest
Shoe Bargain ever
offered    in   Cranbrook
Value $65.00
Value $65.00
Every ten cent purchase, or multiple uf tun will count anono vole. If you make a purchase
of ien cents it counts you one; it one dollar it counts you ten voted{ if tetulollarn it counts you
one h mid red voted. The greater the amount ot your purchase ilia mote votes you re eive. Any
party, man woman or child holding the ir.re.uest numhur of voles on the morning of
March Ulthwill take the machine.
We Keep No Kecord of the votes; with every purchase you will receive a Catdi Register Ticket
with the amount ot your punrhape stumped thereon. Hold the tickets, us hy thin menus alone
will you he aide to ascertain your standing on .March litih.
voles will be based on the value of the tickets you hold, not exclusively on your own
purchases; you're at liberty to engage one ma dozen or us many persons ub you plenitu lo work
in your interest. We care not how many tickets yon hold or from whom vou gel ihem; the only
condition Iwing thev must he fr on our cash register, all of which » ill lie stumped 0,0.8. witli
the amount of purchase nn stated a hove.
All tickets must he dated between December 81 h IPOOnml March IfliK, 1910.
Remember—The Hewtng-maclilne offered for the prlxe is the Famous Standard Make,
unquestionably the best on th« Canadian Market. Antrim A'Ic rttophead, rotary phot t'e, ball
hpaiimr throughout. All attachments free wbh the machine. Guaranteed for ten yearn by the
manufacturers.   Can be seen, examined, and used at our store any day by parties interested.
STORES,  Limited
Heavy Tweed Work Shirts
05c. to S1.40
We have just received our annual shipment of Floor
Oil Cloth and Linoleums, direct from the English
manufacturers. Patterns bright and new—in Block
and Floral designs. In 12-foot Linoleum we have set
aside 400 square yards to be sold at special prices
during our STOCK TAKING SALE--seven different
patterns to choose from.
Price 622C. per square yard.
In the course ol Ins speech in the
debate on the address In replj to tin*
speech from the throne, Premier Mc-
Hiiih- announced platnlj that it is the
intention ol tho government to bring
down a bill tliai will provide lor material decreases In Borne 0! the taxation now levied In replj to u
question, the premier expressed »
willingness t>> consider tho removal
of the poll ta\. but made no do Unite
promise In thai regard. in regard
to tho poll tax, he said: "The matter
is receiving too careful attention ol
the government, nnd my honorable
friend Knows thai When I say that I
am saying a good deal.
"it is the Intention to bring in a
hill in a short time Which will pro
vide tot substantial reductions in
taxation. These reductions will ap
ply not only to the future 1 bul to the
year 1909 il matters ran he satisfactorily adjusted bj   the treasury."
Hon. II i-;. Young, minister of
education, has introduced his lull
providing for medical Inspection in
schools. Hr. Young's lull provides
lor the appointing of medical health
Inspectors by school boards, where
such exist, ami bj the gavcrntnont
where surh do nol exist. Certain
schools are to he assigned to each
medical heullli officer so appointed,
who must make at leasl one inspection each year. The Inspectors will
report not only on the health of the
pupils, hut also on thai of the teachers and janitors and also nn the
school buildings and surroundings.
Upon receipt of ihe report the trustees shall cause lo he removed Irom
tire school all pupils, leachers or
janitors whose health shall have been
found to he dangerous io the school
without a certificate from the health
officer that danger from their presence no longer exists. The hill provides especially for Ihe inspection as
tn the sight and hearing and of the
throat nnd teeth of pupils. The
trustees must cause lo he sent to
the parents a report on any defect
or disability in children    which may
be discovered   by tho    school I Ith
officer in the discharge of his duties,
and a physical record of each 10 re
ported upon shall he kept. It is
provided that the expenses of inspection shall be borne by the school
boards as an item of regular expenditure.
Hills embod] ing the government's
proposed reduction in taxation have
been Introduced, The principal
changes    contemplated   are   as    fo-
As to realty, it is proposed to reduce the rate from three-tifths to
one-hall of 1 per cent.
On personality, the reduction is
from three-fifths to one-half ot t per
With regard to income: Taxable in-
comes, not exceeding 12,000, which in
tbe past have been taxed 1£ per cent
up t<> and Including (2,000, are hereafter to beat a charge of but 1 pet
i in incomes exceeding $2,000 up to
13,000, the rate is reduced from 1}
per ivnt to If per cent. On Incomes exceeding $3,000 and less than
$4,000, tho new rate, is li per cent
Instead ol 2 per cent. From $4,000
to $7,000 tho rate is reduced from
9 to 2 per cent. On Incomes exceeding $7,000, from 1 to 2J per
The    farmers    benefit   materially
through the operation ol section 5,
which compasses the doubling of exempt ions, $1,11111) being named in the
new hill where $500 stands today.
Under this section the majority of
the small farmers will he relieved of
their troubles.
Section li applies particularly to
taxation ou banks. These financial
institutions have in the past hew
taxed on income, as a result of which
a disposition has been shown to
juggle accounts no as to defeat the
legitimate   assessment. It    has
therefore been determined in order
to assure a fair contribution to revenue from the hanks to adopt a
Mai rate scale as follows: On each
provincial head office, $1,000 per annum; on each branch sub-office or
agency, $125; such specific sums to br
payable whether or not the head otlice, branch or agency is within or
without nny municipality.
The alteration contemplated in the
Extra Municipal Trades License Act
is in relation chiefly to this rr-ar-
rangoment and necessary fur its operation.
Surface rights of crown granted
(Continued oh page eight.)
Bull River Electric Power Company
Big Undertaking Nearing Completion in Vicinity of Cranbrook—
Opening for Board of Trade to do Effective Work
Hanly twenty miles from town
there is in course ot const met ion a
hydro-electric power station that
should be in operation within the
next six months, supplying 10,000
horse power to industrial concerns
within the district tributary to it.
The Hull River Electric Power
company is a bigger undertaking
than most people hereabouts dream
of and one that is calculated to exercise a very important influence in
the industrial development in this
section of the province.
Some five years ago, Mr. (icorgc
E. Henderson, of Canton, South
Dakota, hud his attention drawn to
the Hull river section by a former
Cranhrook resident. Mr. Henderson
came up to British Columbia, investigated the Hull Itiver power possibilities, became imbued with the idea
that the development id this power
would he a hig and profitable undertaking and forthwith, with characteristic American push, got busy,
interesting friends in Pakota and
Wisconsin in the proposition. He
found the capital to start operations
and in short order work was commenced on what promises to la* one
ol the most Important electric power
stations In Southern Hritish Columbia.
The construction of the flume has
taken a lung time, but it is now
neariug completion. The flume is
one and three-quarter miles in
length, sixteen feet wide and seven
and a half feet deep inside. A Minneapolis expert called in to report
upon the property, with particular
reference to the availably water
power, gave il as his opinion that
the Hull river falls offered the best
power he had ever seen. This is a
verdict concurred in by many other
power experts who have examined
the property. So far upwards of
$2iiU,(iou have been expended, hut hy
the time the electrical plant Is Installed the company expect to have
invested fully $75U,lilin, mid, what Is
very encouraging, they have not the
slightest doubt but what they have
Invested wisely. From the outset
they will be in a position to supply
10,011(1 horse power and they have
good reason to believe that the demand will be equal to the supply. As
a matter of tact, when Mr. Henderson first conceived the Idea ol turning the Hull Itiver Kails to commer-
| cial account there was little or no
demand for motive power in this
section, although the probabilities
for a demand for same looked good
to him. In the interval, practically
five years, Mr. Henderson has seen
the demand lor motive power reach
the high total ol 23,000 horse power
and, practically speaking, only a
start has been made in the industrial development, that is hound to
make the Crows Nest section one of
the busiest in North America.
The Hull Itiver power plant is very
centrally located to distribute power
throughout the Crows Nest lection
Il is hut twenty miles from Cranbrook, and fifteen from Pernio. These
are facts that the I ranbrook hoard
ol trade should take to heart. It is
clear from an examination id ihe
territory that a wagon road can he
constructed between Cranbrook and
Fernle,    that will   not exceed     In
length SS miles, ami it would he a
good wagon road, ion, traversing a
section of country rich in natural resources and imstn passed tor scenic
attractions These facta should jar
the board of trade to activity Members of the board ol trade must si ill
have in mind the boasted ambition ot
public works minister, Tom Taylor,
to build a main road from Die coast
to the Alberta boundary. For thai
section of this proposed main road,
between Cranbrook and Ferine, tbe
route via Hull Itlvel Falls, offers the
most direct and the easiest route
Everyone knows th.it via the C p
It the distance between Cranbrook
and Fertile is upwards of BB miles.
This distance can be ctll practically
In two and there nn- no Insuperable,
t even htg engineering difficulties in
the way. A bridge thrown across
the Kootenay river at Adam Wise's
place would afford the direct connection with the Hull Itiver section,
saving several miles, now lost by
traveling by way of Fort Steele, the
present wugon road route lo Hull
river, via Fort Steele, being in the
neighborhood of 2'l miles. The
route of the proposed wagon road between Fern ie and Cranbrook would
be via Lizard Creek from Fernle to
Iron Creek and thence to Hull river,
thence to the Kootenay river, cross-
! ing at Wise's place and theme into
: town in practically a straight line.
i The Hull River Power company will
. run their power line Into Kernie by
this route, Mr. Henderson, the president and managing director ol the
| company, has covered every foot ot
j it and declares that it will make an
ideal scenic road, and one, too, that
Will assist in the development of »
I lot Of good territory. Here is a tine
Opportunity f<>r the board ol trade lo
gel real busy and to strengthen Tom
Coven's hands in his work at Vic
torla for the Upbuilding ol the Cranbrook district Hon Tom Taylor
should welcome full advice on this
subject He is ambitious ol con*
strutting a trans-provincial wagon
road connecting with Alberta. Cranbrook business men can show hi::
how to reduce the mileage and the
cost very materially It is up to
them to get busy
j The Hull liner Electric Cower
Company, as previously indicated, is
purely an American enterprise, the
capital all being subscribed by
South Dakota, Wisconsin and Illinois
I people
j   George R. Henderson,   the resident
I manager, is president of the "oin-
| pauy. and be hails from Canton,
South Dakota,
The directors include ( I: Heck
master, of Canton, S. li . Jaj An-
del st ui. of t he sa me place. 1 ir
Porte CregO, of Aurora, Illinois and
Iter! K. CregO, of the same place
li d Outnter, of Canton, s l>, is
the secretary
cm C0L.MIL
Last night's    meeting of the   city
council was quite a protracted     session, it being after II p.m. "■'■
journment was taken
There were   present, Mayot    Fink
and    Aldermen Patmore,     Cai
Hunt, and Iir. (inen.    Minutes    ol
previous meetings baviitf
ed of, Mayor Fink submitted the following written   message in referi
to proposed work during the -
"I would   recommend for your <»*
tention   the  following       ■   pre
lighting   system is costing   '
about     tT.*i   per   month,   and while
much better than no ligl
tern could be improve I witho
great expense   to the Cltj      I would
recommend thai the present lights be
taken out ami 250 C. P   i ingston be
installed in   their stead        In doing
this I do not believe that 1
would    Ih- Increased   to   much more
than   double     the    pre
Which I think tin  city could well afford to   pay. ai the    advert!   roenl
received on account ol good lighting
is nlwaj i hei i ■
■'As soon   as the    froi • .   gone   I
think     that      Immediate    i I
should be given to the completion ol
'!.«■ propoa .t alterations to lis  sal ■
system, such   as ,:. lal ii
la) ing a nea llni  of fl
the   Cranbrook   Ha h ai I H
pany's    dlstrli I   ■ ■
the  new     main
Die     installation ol   hydrant     then
and the lowering plpt s as
are liable to   frei i   I
Uris expense In    I    i omlng winters,
and the Installation of * len valve
boxes    In the   plai e ol
heretofore, as there      no do    ■ the
the   use   0|   these   Iron   bOXI s   IS .is
much   the cause ot    frccting ai anj
t; ing else
"The question ol sewerage should
l„ ! ..iked into at once, and if our assessment will permit ol such. I would
■di   ate the early construction    ol
•'.    |]   tein.
Son thai ihe nil owns its own
water works, t could recommend the
employment of some good man during
the summer months to ■ lean up and
beaut if v   Ihe ceineleti   rwimds,        U
the) certainly are in .1 very deplo'i
able condition at the present time
"There are quite a number of
streets that need repairing and further Improvement This matter should
be irorie into without any delay, so
that tbe work can be gotten under
. .. soon as soon as possible
after frost has gone.
The Hritish Columbia Fire Chiefs
will hold    their annual
meeting   in    Cranbrook    this    year
tbe 1st September, and I hope
embers of the council can
.: way clear towards granting
... department substantial as-
foi the purpose ol entcrtain-
e visiting chiefs.
"Some    attention   should be given
towei "1 tbe fire hall, as.     it
■ o   bort to dry hose In properly.
elieve   that a proper whistle
ring apparatus can be installed in
the Are 1 all without any very   great
and    would result in   much
good, a. if would at all times be en-
tfrelj    under the    control ol the de-
not be dependent   on
. '   ojbei     body, as it     is at the
Ime     I believe that proper
made in the     new
foi a lite alarm system, and I
ro ild    n t omtnend   the   early   ton-
d  "f a    direct line Irom tbe
ll :.<•■■]  to  tl ••  fin- ball,  so that   ' in
i i ■  ol Ore,     alarm   could he   given
mnecessar] delay
I I   ,    ■   .■ time during   tbe
- I .i     can see its way
■  ■   ran)        iring a block     ol
for  park | I believe
ne ■     ary,   and  without
■ ■■ al ■■! expiuse iould       be
i ■   i n ■. sttrs   .'■-• place.
■ i   have been   Informed that    the
I   petition ha«   been eeoored
pur|   i ol annexing the land
"■■ ■ ai    the  Hash and Door eon*
pan)    district,    it ncfa is the case
that earl)  steps will be taken toward the extension ol our limits
is   to take In this district     The
extension <•!   on water system     in
this district     would to a very   large
degree, depend on incorporation     of
ibis    particular block, and bj giving
the watei system    tbe propei attention, great expense will be saved   to
the city during net! winter.
"Trusting that   these matters will
meet    with your    approval and cooperation,
I remain, etc
I P. Kink, Mayor,
ti    the    suggestion of   Alderman
Hunt it was  decided to consMei tho
(Continued on pugu eight , THK    (IKANimOIIK     IIKMALD
tsTAiu ismed i*ar
b. e. walker, prtsij.nt | Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000
axexahder laird,Gener.i Manaj.r | Reserve Fund, -   6,000,000
Branches throughout Canada, and in the United States and England
PflllNTRY  RII9INFCQ Every facility afforded to farmer* and
banking busines
os m'les will he cashed or taken fur collection.
RAMKINR nY MAM Accounts mav lie opem-d by mail nnd
DHIiniHH DI lilrtIL monies deposited or withdrawn In thl.
way with equal facility. 12*
R. T. Brymner, flanager Cranbrook Branch
♦ We nro going to onciidea the hnlnnco of our atock ol X
J Cutters iiinl Sleij-liB to miike room lor our Spring stock ♦
*p of Buggies.     We luivo on Im ml i
I ONE   PAIR   OF   2 1-2 in.   FARM   BOBS |
X We will fell the above at cq*t.       ('nil und see litem. J
I J. M. Agnew & Co., Elko, B. C. \
Are   you   Insured?
If mot,   why not ?
Delays are dangerous.
I Beale & Elwell j
X Insurance Agents. CRANBROOK, B. C. ♦
A. L. McDERMOT.Cranbrook |
It you stop here once
you will took lor
the 'bus when you
visit  Calgary  again.
1 Canadian Hotel |
Si tl
0 One of the pioneer hotels of Cr.-isi- gj
0 brook.   Warm rooms, good meals 53
gj and a bar stocked with the best (•}
a a
a ,       a
I Joseph Brault,  Proprietor |
j •
♦ Man Mnnnuemonl Improvoil in Evorj Wny     *
* Hriitt.il
Cmnhrmik,   li. C
<>nr Motto ■ "Th.- UoHt in Mono Too Good." X
•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦ «♦«♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•>♦'>'> *>*4«**«
H.    ('.  FRUIT    GROWERS     MUST
(E. A. Dynes   in "Canadian Farm")
That the fruit growers ol the
.Western States have an advantage In
the prairie market over the fruit
growors of British Columbia is the
contention ol Mr. .1. C. Metlalle, a
1 commissioner recently appointed liy
I the British Columbia government, to
enquire into the fruit selling problem.
In carload lots the express rate Irom
Scaltla to Winnipeg is twenty-five
conts per hundred less than the rate
[Irom Vancouver to the prairie city.
In addition the minimum over the
American roads is 16,000 pounds to
tho car nml the minimum over the
Canadian Pnclfic is 20,000 pounds to
Hit ciir. The ilistinct unfairness of
i his is easily apparent when it is
considered that It is impossible to
pui twenty thousand pounds of small
Iruils in a car, even if it were al all
desirable to do sn.
During the past summer Mr. Metcalfe spcni bo vera! months in the
prairie provinces studying conditions.
He talked wilh tlie wholesaler ami
with the retailer. Me sized up tht
possibilities of tlto market and secured definite Information as to where
tho fruit which supplies the three
prairie provinces is being purchased
now. <>ue of the things that Impressed Mr. Metcalfe and which ho
enlarges upon in his report is the
greatness of the market for fruit it
these three provinces, lie consider:
thai fast as the orchard acreage of
liritisli Columbia may increase, and
fast as the production uf these
chords may correspondingly increase
it will he a long time before the
Pacific province will be able to
ripply ihe unprecedented demand for
good fruit in the three provinces jusl
cast nf the Rockies.
lu Manitoba he found a great deal
of Ontario fruit being marketed, hut
much less in Alberta and Saskatchc
wan. lie found Hritish Columbia
small fruils lo be much in favor,
but the packing and grading came in
fur considerable criticism. One principal objection—curious objection in a
way, bul very reasonable—was that
much of llic fruit was too large, and
as u natural consequence not uniform
in size. Retailers expressed them-
selves as preferring a much smaller
berry but uniform in size throughout
the package. Hy observing this and
paying more attention to packing he
considered that western growers
would readily lind a good market foi
all the berries they could grow.
t'berries were not so favorably regarded, the dirTicully largely arising
Irom Hie fact that cherries from as
far west us Victoria had been shipped as far east as Winnipeg. This
fruit docs not hold up welt, and
should only be shipped to the nearest
\Inerta points. The question of
packing and grading came in here also and comparisons were distinctly
in the disadvantage ol the Hritish
Columbia article as opposed to the
product of the American growers.
Tbe peaches ami pears supplied from
Hritish Columbia appear to offer
little ground for criticism and all
that is necessary is that tho present
standard be kept up.
Mr. Metcalfe found that Hritish Columbia boxed apples hold a very high
place in tho estimation of the trade
in all three provinces. He found
much of the packing to be equal to
tbut of the best American growers,
while the color and flavor arc quite
as good as the best Ontario product.
The apples most prized arc those
irom tbe interior points, but once
the growers of the Krasor valley and
the lower mainland begin to adopt
up-to-date methods in the way ot
spraying, thinning uud pruning, their
product will soon come into general
One point that is especially emphasized is that as soon as possible
production must he tremendously Increased, The demand lot good fruit
already exists, and unless it is not
met by Hritish Columbia nml Eastern Canada the market will fall very
largely into the hands of American
growers, and once it dors, it will be
\ery bard lo ever get the market
Another point along this line was
that (be jobbing houses were found to
be very largely Controlled by Americans, who, whenever possible, appeared in give the preference to American Iruit. Many of the shareholders
I In jobbing concerns were found lo be
! large American growers themselves.
| In tbe mailer of prices it was
found thai wholesalers on the whole
contend Ibat the price of Hritish Columbia fruit is too high for them to
buy very freely. That is, present
'prices. It is likely that in the Inline pricis will have to bt< lowered
I somewhat to meet American competition. On the other hand retailors to whom fruit was shipped di-
jrect were well satisflid with the
pi ices charged,
Mr Metcalfe suggests three ways
by which western fruit can he marketed in future: First, through selling to the present jobbing houses
Second, through selling to the retailer direct nnd ignoring the jobbers. Third, through jobbing .muses
owned and controlled by the (mil
growers ami their own organizations,
This latter method would on toll the
erection of cold storage warehouses
at various points und agents or lra\-
•mqiin.H tisauisnq >|i,ii|iih o) 110(9
in order to retain customers throughout the year it .would necessitate the
handling by these jobbing houses of
early American deciduous fruits and
all varieties of citrous fruits.
He also offers tlie following observations in the matter of loading cars;
I. Place the most perishable fruit,
pears for example, nearest to tho
Ice bunkers. 2. Leave plenty of
ventilation along tbe bottom of the
car and between the rows ol crates.
3. Leave abundant space for bracing
at the center of the car, am! see that
all braces are strongly secured to
prevent slewing of crates when ears
are being shunted. I. Never fill a
car more than two-thirds full, as
the natural bent arises, and if there
is an)  i ml    fruit in a car it is sure '
to  be nl   Ihe  lop. |
In conclusion tho commissioner.
makes the followinb summary: As al
result or tho study given to this
question it would seem that what
is most necessary is a campaign ol
eiiucotion along the lines of: Growing
mure fruit, both large and small.
Growing belter trail by means of
thorough cultivation, spraying, pruning, thinning and otherwise. Growing the varielics of fruit wanted by
Hie prairie market, Hotter packing
and grading, and gelling more weight
into packages. Caro in loading
cars. Co-operation in the growing
nf uniform varieties, and trying also
to arrange a uniformity of prices
among tbe various districts. To or-
range to sell fruit in Hie prairie
provinces hy some one of tbe three
g     Pkon-SSIONAI. LARDS     |
I   I
W. F. (JUKI),
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
Money tu loan un fnvomblti UTina.
Vcencits Remedy
E?ilepsy and Fits
A BKANI il OFHtl! liux been etuiOlUhed
at 10? St J amen' CfaatnbO'n. Toronto.
nEDUCTION   IN  p.urn
'lis iinpariuiit in ngtt i>t"rii t .■« if prlcai
fcrin.: rnliieril tu ih-i-e ("-fvailir • in F...ui| e,
intum yi—Ptill r>a !..<.•'■. SUB«ll In.If i!" Wi.flJ|
qiiiotvr do. <j.7o; pmtuuieoreipr«Mcli»rg*l
THK ONl» ca-MB-tn a»D u.«. •iiOflCCfl
107   IT, iwiv Cmnnm., TCflONTO
Pnmphlrtmnllrdfreu on application.
Bewue i.f j-reiHn ». imitn utti . All pack*
■RtSfil rrotten n Remedy maul l*nr our'ride,
mark sr.al In utlbrnkm rm tlitfrei mi •auh ni.
TAKE NOTICE that John W.
Illake, of Was., B. C, occupation
Handier, intends to apply tor permission to purchase tbe following
described lands:
Commencing at this post, thence
south 80 chains, thence cast 40
chains, thence north 40 chains,
thence east 40 chains, thence north
to the Kootenay river, thence upstream to the south-east corner ol
Lot 8455, thence to the point ot
John W. Blake,
B.W.S. Higgins, Cranbrook, Agent,
November 25th, 1909. 45-Ot*
TAKE NOTICE that I, Richard
Benbow, of Cranbrook, B. C, occupation Rancher, intend to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at
N. W. corner ot P. It. 1137, thence
west 25 chains, more or less, to E.
boundary of Lot 2310, thence south
12 chains, more or less, to Kennedy
war grant, thence cast 25 chains,
more or less, to P, R. 1137, thence
north 12 chains, more or less, to
point ol commencement.
Richard Benbow.
Dated December 30lh, 1909.  47-9t'
Within CO days I shall apply to the
Assistant Commissioner ol Lands
and Works for a license to prospect
lor coal anil petroleum over the lollowing land, situate in Block 4593,
Sooth East Kootenay, British Columbia:
Beginning at a post planted 14.2
chains east of the S. E. corner of
Lot 7817, and marked Wm. Randolph's N. E. corner, Ihence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80
chains rast to point of commencement nnd containing 640 acres.
Located    8th     day   ot    December,
17-Bt* Wm. Randolph, Locator.
It.'iniriiiK » Hprciiilty
Aiken*. Work. Omnbraek
Mrs. li. Bent
P.O. Ilex 784, Phone •-'7:1
Touelmr "I Hiring nud
Standard liiBirunienls
Lobboiib iii Musical Theory
Miss Mabel Wellman
Plaalst and Teacher
fortlflciiied pupil ol
Uahr-llle. Mullet ol Winnipeg
Miss Gertrude Jones
Speeial attention given to beginner.
Ilox  I
Physicians and Surgeons
Ollc* at Resldeac*,  Armstrong A*.
Forenoons 1.00 to 10.00
Afternoons - - - 2.00 to 4.00
Evenings - . - . 7.S0 to 8.311
Sundays - - - - 2.30 to   4.30
CRANBROOK :i    II    N    :i    U. C
t to 12 a.m.
1 to  • p.m.
7 to   8 p.m.
(Wine in new Held Block
Cranbrook nml Fort Steele
?AW Cranbrook. B.C.
B.  C.   •net  Surveyor
CRANBROOK     ■      B. C.
K.C. Hwamiell, I). L.B., II C. I.. S,
A. I. KolwrlBoii, II. 0.1.. 8.
Dominion hikI llriliph Columbia
P.O. Drawer TU        VICTORIA. I.C
Opposite O.P.U. Stnllon
THE    PLACE    TO     OBT    A
.1.   W.    Itl'TI.KIH.IC
iiia-I'Mitr   iii   Ontario   Veterinary
OotHr* Toronto, in inn*
llrn.lunl*. ...i.l Mftlnltiil ••( UeKIPip's
Veterinary r..li.io' 1'lilei.iD.
in in ii
Ship yean) eiperienee In VelerlRflry
praellreln Uanltou.
Office-Mil .nor t. Post Ollke
P..Bt IM P.O. Hoi 114
Mali: rail- ii ll. Short's (MdMie.
Kit AND CIIKMIST.-Charges: *
Hold, silver, copper or lead, $1 •>
Hch; gold-silver, 11.50; silver-*'
li-.-.d, 11.80; gold-silver, with*'
coppor or lead, J3.50, line, S3, <.,
silver-lend-rine, t.1. Price, tor <• j
olher metals on application. «i
.ong dislnniT 'phone (17. P.O. *
Box, CI 108, Nelson, B.C.    4R-ly<.
II you   want   satisfaction    with
your washing  send
it to
H|ift;lnl prldH (nr fniiilvw.uk.
i Imperial Bank ol Canada 1
CAPITAL AUTHORIZED   -      $10,000,000.00 *
CAPITAL PAID UP     -      - 5,000,000.00
RESERVE      .... 5,000,00000
I). R. IVILKIK, rreBiilent.
HON. ROBERT JAFFRAY, Vice.l're»i,lent
Accounts of Corporations!, Municipalities, Merchants,
Farmers anil Privato Individuals invited,
Drafts and Letters of Credit issued available in any part of
tlie world.
SAVINGS DEPAUTMENT-Special attention
given to Savings Hunk Acoounts. Deposits of Sum nml
upwards received and interest allowed fr latoof dopoBit.
Cranbrook Branch s J. F. M. PINKHAM, Mgr.
********************** *******************i**
ii ^
,; Try Our   Fresh  Smoked  Imperator \
Ham   and   Bacon
P.  O.  BOX ,t
II P. BURNS ® CO., Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail Meat Merchants
Real Estate and Insurance
Commission Agents
CRANBROOK,       -   -      B. C.
: x
X 'How use doth breed a habit in a man' X
a                                 (Two Gentlemen of Voronn.} X
•                                            _  *
• It'.- overy i>it »c true today uf when Sliakerpearo (leuned ♦
? the above lines. For example, people are getting io USKD J
t to going where they can get the best valuo ior their money \y
J         tlmt they've got the HABIT of going lo ♦
X                                    for till their requirements in £
2              MEAT,   POULTRY,   BUTTER'   lie. 1
The great secret of one of the great secret Soeietles iu that it lm»
No seciet< There it no secret and no mystery in ihe nrktiow*
ledaed *ii|>eriurity of Corby's "Sppclnl Polecled" old Rye
WhUky except that nothing short of the best ol everything Is
good i'iidiiveIi to en er into its production,
Not simply the best Brain—not imply tlie best manufnctutti'g
plant,—not simply the best brains inul fk\\\ procnrahle— not
►imply the I'o-t ageing— not one, imt nil uf ihere. together with
Mipi-iLiiivc care and cleanliness in evety detailiare corabtnwl
to produce
* **********************
ii Pancakes and Maple Syrup :
For Hrcakf.ist
Nothing more appetizing    ,
Nothing more nourUhlnx   \
They are Perfection
If the Flour nnd tin? Syrup nro perfection -which they
ran OOSlly !'•'.
Wt< can 111 you np right in the Pancake nml Maple Syrup
line.   We Know where our Byrup comes from and nil
tiiHiut ii.
i J. MANNING - Cash Grocer j
Letterheads Memos
Billheads Envelopes
Statements Loose Leaf Binders ','
Mall Order* Promptly Attended To
N. E. CONNOLLY, ■•alasss^aMicr Tclephnc It* It
♦>♦♦♦♦>♦♦♦♦»♦♦»♦♦♦♦«»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ |v,
• i
< •
News of the District
' ********************************************
(Special correspondence)
J. M. Agnow was a Fernie visitor
TueBilay last.
A meeting ol bho Bharoholdora ol
I lie Elko Water, Light and Tower
('«., Ltd., was held on tho evening
ol I'Vliruary 1st, and a board of directors wns appointed to act tor the
ensuing year. It Ih tho Intention <>l
this company to proceed with Installation nl Hie water plant as soon
as weather will permit
Miss Irene MeKir was visiting Iter
father, James McKeo, who is sick in
Cranbrook hospltnli last Monday
Mr. McKeo is Improving nicely.
Mr. J. W. Wiiiiiiinst.n, of Vancouver, delivered n lecture on tho
"World's 0realcsI Syndicate" A
largo iiuiiiher were in attendance and
It was enjoyed hy everyone.
Wm. Young was in Cranbrook on
business Monday.
Mrs. Saint, nl Pernio, is the guest
of Mr. and Mrs. J, Austin.
The luihy daughter of Mr. ami
Mrs. Wm. Leacy died last Sunday
nlghl afler a very short illness.
Their many friends unite in expressing deep sympathy.
Mrs. (ilea Campbell left Saturday
morning tor Nelson to tiling her
daughter, who lias been attending
school there, home on account of ill
health, returning Sunday evening.
Miss Irene Ilirtz, who was taken
to the Cranhrook hospital about two
weeks ago, has been very sick but is
now recovering nicely.
Mr. C. W. Smith, ol Fernie, was in
town on business on Tuesday.
The social dance held in the school
house last Friday evening, in aid of
the church building fund, was a
great success, both financially and
socially. A large number was present from Waldo and Baynes
Miss May Roo was visiting friends
in Fernie last Friday.
Frank Downs, of Flagstone, who is
putting in a mill at that place, was
in town on business Saturday last.
.). llanbury, of North Star Lumber
company, left lor Vancouver last
week, alter spending several days
looking into the business here.
Postmaster Clayton lias just re
turned after a two weeks' visit, witi
friends in Nelson
Provincial Constable Morris, c
Cranhrook, visited Kimherley an
Marysville on ollicial business las
W. J. Allen has Installed a nov
pool table in the Falls View hotel.
Mrs. A. MaoNelll has gone t
Spokane for a lew days vacation
| ♦
(From the Moyie leader.)
A concert will he given next Friday
night, February lib, by the Moyie
hockey club. A good programme has
been arranged
Three promising looking mineral
claims, situated about two miles
north of Klugsgate, and owned hy
.lames McNeil, -I. I. (iibbmis and
fjus Kallmah, of Moyie, were this
week bonded to K. C. Menry and
John Sullivan Tbe bond is lor
$25,000, and is to run a considerable
length of time.
The marriage of Michael .1. Homier
and Miss Isabella Whitehead took
place in the Catholic church in
Moyie lust    Tuesday    morning at   7
'clock, Rev. Father Reel; being the
ifflciating priest. John Cannon
was groomsman ami Mrs. McTavlStl
was bridesmaid. A wedding breakfast was afterwards served at ihe
home of Mr. ami Mrs. Joseph White-
bead, the parents of tbe bride. The
couple left on the westbound Flyer
for Spokane. Mr. and Mrs. Bonner
are amongst Movie's most popular
young people. Mr. Bonner is associated with II. E. Taylor in the
International hotel, and his bride has
spent the greater part of her life in
the town.
I       GATEWAY f
(Special correspondence.)
Mrs. ami Miss lluby paid a visit
to Flagstone last  week.
Mr. Harvey Young was in Eureka
last week.
There is to he a dance in Gateway,
Mont., on Friday,  February 4th.
Mrs. Ilorley went up to Fernie on
Friday ol last week and returned Ihe
following day.
Tbe bridge which the government
have been building over tho slough
at Gateway, ll. L\, was completed
last week It is lo be hoped lhat
Ibis bridge will last longer tlinn the
last one did
M. .1. Costello, assistant trafllc
manager for the tJreal Northern
railroad, with headquarters at
Seattle, Wash., passed through Gateway last week
A, .1 Joule, sub collector ol customs al Oat way, paid a business
visit in Pernio ibis week.
Dr. S. A K. While was a visitor
in Fernie on Mondaj and Tucsdaj ol
this week
t       MARYSVILLE       *
(Special correspondence.)
w.   a     Ucaohen,   the st. Mary's
valley ranchei, has returned Irom     a
two Weeks'   irip  to Spokane
About forty young folks from here
ami Klmbctlo) aiii ailed a masquer
ade ball al Wyt'hDe on ihe Bflth Jan
nan and all report having a vary
pleasant time.
Alex.     Hodgson is al  present in
I'liii-her Creek,  Alia . disposing of
of     posll he has taken
out tins winter,
Kdgni  Handle? has gone to
Ui Cranbrook
Mrs. John Bennett has received
word from her daughter in California
saying she is etijoung herself very
much amongst the Orange trees.
The Sullivan mine at Kimherley has
shipped quite a number of ears ot
ore to Trail smeller, it being ore
that wns in bins taken out before the
mine shut down. New machinery
has been installed and they are
getting in shape to resume '.Derations. At present about 12 miners
arc employed.
Reports from the North Star mine
at Kimherley say that they hove un
covered a quantity of good ore carrying excellent values.
The C.P.R. R. ft R. crew nre    re
pairing the trestles between here and
Kimherley,   getting
season'a traffic.
"For three long;
months  I   was
not able to attend to my o^n
needs;  and for
three   -weeks   the
eczema     en    my
bands was :o bad
that I was unable
to feed myself,
had to be fed  *\i
one feeds a baby,
became I couU noi
hold   knife,   fork,
spoon or cop.M
So says Miss Violet McSorley,
of 75 Gut Street, Sault St«.
Marie, in telling how Zam-Buk
cured her of eczema. She adds:
"Hands, wrists and arms up to
the elbows were covere.l with
eczema. The itching and the
soreness were nigh u .b'.vablr.
As the dis;A*e developed* the
skin actually peeled off* leaving
raw sores. The palms, f infers,
backs of my hands and wrists
were all in this shocking stale,
and I was forced to sit i i agony
all the while.  The raw sores
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦# T
(Photo of Mim UcSerUy)
■were soon in a
!oul condition, and
my linger nails,
ail except two, fell
off. During the
diikrcnt st.iges of
my troub.e* I
sought the advice
of three different
doctors, and received treatment, but
although getting sight relief
at lirst, there
was no cure.
at one time thought rrceisarf,
but the timely iniroducticn of
Zam-Hjk prevented this fearful
"Zam-Buk was recommended
by a trier d and we bought a
supply, 1 he fir*t few applications gave me a little e.tr, but it
was not until I had continued
with it («-<r lorne t me that i it It
a decided Improvement. After
that my cure went on quickly*
Zam-Buk d:d what everything
else had I ailed 'o do. Now my
fundi and arms a*e quite freed
i:om the terrible eczema."
Zam-Buk m entirely iliffrrmt toother ba in*, and nn Mtpcnorsii it is differ-
cut. Muet salves ore nine tenths auioiol oil or fat. '/■ in-ln-k t-nsn't a two ut
animal fal in It.   Moit salves oonteiti ml end colon g ninitT,   '/■>•< link ia
absolute y without! Many ml**-* i'..-_t*uu i'i!"i.'>'.i--.i-t Ilit/en I /titn-l'iik >li'i-»>,'t,
Z*m link it actual i nn<rt / <>••■*.•fmly in ti-eipo tlmii crtuit curltoticucitL
Yet it itoi>i, iuittsvl uf i-tm»u,-j su.arLiug whtu j< i on a wound.
Zam-Buk heali more quickly tliiti any ot)<-r knownpropsmttrmteczema,
ulcere, y\'<-->, 1*1 leg, rait.ee, itiifworfn, leMeiing »* "■-, ems, bruises, barns,
•-■•Us. stitt'neu, ixiieened w.< nl*, five and llpinrrs, < ha ■pid hnmli, culd unrai.ote,
Bent balm f"r baby's lb In eo:eel Used an mi etnbr oat »n, it mi •* r' eumatbm,
sciatica,eto. Alldrngglslsand I'orvifOali r. or'.■*»< ' nkCn , Toronto, foi pi lee,
(Special correspondence )
Mrs. Jewctt, (d Spokane, accompanied by her sister, Mrs. I,. Darling
and children, til Vancouver, spent i
few days last week With their broth
er, Mr. P. I.und, leaving on Saturday
to visit friends in Calgary.
Mr. Clement, representing tho
Pioneer Spice and Coffee Manufacturing company, of Victoria, was doing
business in town lost Thursday.
Mr. Stuart, of Marysville, called on
friends in town lost Tuesday.
Mr. and Mrs P. I.uii.l spent Tuesday last with Fort Steele friends
Mr. Crnthers, of the Woods. Limited, ul Ottawa, was doing business'in
town last Thursday.
Mrs. Lowey, of Cranbrook, visited
friends in town last Thursday.
Mr. C M Pcnnock and Mr. George
Wfllson were In Galloway last Friday
on business
Mr, Alfred Johnson, of tnwood, at
rived in town last Saturday morning. Mr. Johnson has been engaged
to asslsl ai the Crows Nest Pass
Lumber company's big store here.
He Is a bright, energetic young man
and comes highly recommended.
Mr Arthur Kemviek. ol Fort
Steele, visited Wardner friends last
Mr !■: Elwell, ol Cranbrook, was
in town last Frida) on business,
Malcolm McHardy, the pi aim- hay
man, fiom Okotolts, was in town
last Thursday
Mr. Hesseti, representing tbe Taylor and Mulvroe) wholesale crockery
ompany, ol Hamilton, out., was doing business In town last Friday.
A large gang ol men are busy these
lays blowing oul the purs of thr old
□      P     I!     bridge  here       The    new
bridge  was    completed a   few days
Mr Scrutcn,    Chose and Sanborn's
roffCC  man, of Calgary,   was   in  town
lost week on business
Mr ami Mrs. sliarpe spent Saturday last with Cranbrook friends.
Mr. Geo Dlatchford bfi lor Fruit-
vale, M. c , ami points weal on
ruesdnv lasi Ih' expect! to be
away about three weeks
Mi Pai Kelly, ol Galloway,
spent Sunday with friends in town
Mi. John Woods, who has been employed    nt the    government bridge,
left nn Saturday  last   to  resume hi:
summer work at Uarytvtllo.
Mr.  Otto    Wlsner,    of Galloway
spent the week end in town.
Mr. Gatko, lupotintondont   of   tba
saw mill, lift a few days ago for his
home, his wile being quite ill.
Mr.   Louie     IVIuie, sawyer arrived
in town lust Tuesday to begin the
season's work.
Mr. Stevens was doing business in
town this week,
Mr. Louis Larson had the misfortune to hurt his wrist Tuesday at-
ternonn while working with a belt nt
the pinning mill, lie left for Cranbrook in the evening.
Miss Minnie Service, 0f Cranbrook,
spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. R,
a. Green.
I  Mr. J. 0, Held, superintendent   of
ready for next Irna,ls nl"' bridges, was In town last
Monday on business
Mr. Pickering, the Bull Kivcr
rancher, has moved his family into
Louie Pores house.  Kast Wardner.
Tho Highland entertainment of Saturday evening last was a derided
success. The musical pari of the
program was exceptionally well rendered.
Mrs. T. Gaffncy spent Thursday ami
Friday with friends in Cranbrook.
Miss Muriel Shcppard's Wardner
friends wish to congratulate her on
her successful rendition of her part
in the musical quartette given at
the recent musical recital in Cranhrook Miss Shoppard is last coming to the front as one of the best
musicians of Kast Kootenay
The people ol Wardner church enjoyed a rare treat on Sunday evening last, when they were permitted
to listen tn a sermon by Rev C 0,
Main, of Cranbrook, taken from st
Matthew 7:13, "Therefore, all
things whatsoever ye would that
men should do unto you, do ye even
so to them for this is the law and
the prophets " Alter ihe first part
of the service was concluded the
Sacrament ol the Lord's Supper was
YEAH OF IS months
It was reported some time ago
'hai some people in Kngland were
advocating a slight change in the
Gregorian calendar, for the purpose
'if having mi'li day of the y.ar fall
on the sain.- day of the month in
each succeeding year
Charles Fisher, of Sun Francisco,
has copyrighted a calendar which
meets that requirement and goes
further It is    called   Hie "Civil
Calendar," and he is urging its adoption in Ihe United Stales and other
countries in lake effect on January
l, pin.
The civil calendar calls lor a year
of 13 months ol 2* days each, the ex-
ira month being called "Vincent,"
and falling between June und July,
One day al the tail of the year is
absolutely dropped. The 21 hours
between December ■>* and January i
is tailed "Anno day." and has no
legal existence, nor any number in
any month
Firry four years, beginning I91g,
I day called "Mid Anno," is added
between Saturday, Vincent 14, nnd
Sunday, Vincent IA, which is the
rrlicl middle of the year. This Is
mil treated us a week day, sn rides
nol throw tbe ralenriar off its
H will Im- situ by this system that
every week, month and year must
stall on Sunday and end on Saturday There will be four Sundays,
fiuir Mondays, etc , in every month,
which always tomes out even, with
no days left over.
The Inventor claims that !in per
rent nf the time now lost in looking
up dates will be saved. Even a
child will know that the Ist, Kth,
IStlt nml 22ml of each month is Sunday, year in ami year out, and that
the 2ml, Oth, Pith, and 83rd is Monday, and so on.
If not adopted on January I, 11)11,
the opportune time for such a change
will not corns again uni il |W22
Immigration from tlie United
States during Hie past tear far exceeded all estimates or anticipations. More than fifteen thousand
came ju in excess of the highest calculations. Early in the year it was
thought hy sanguine officials, thai
seventy-five thousand might be expected, but there have actually been
90,118- The immigration commissioner estimates that the average
wealth ol each nf these is one thousand dollars, which means ninety
million dollars in cash added to the
wealth of Western Canada. In aridi-
! Hon to this, there has been real I/Oil
from the great wheat crop another
$120,000,000, which means a total of
1210,000,000 ol new wealth this year,
not calculating the proceeds ol the
dairy, the ranch, and coarse grains
! The Americans have taken up in
homesteads ami pre-emptions   2,'IOQ,-
000 acres of laud, which at the loWCfll
estimate means half a million acres
added tu the crop next year
Immigration from Great Britain
and the continent ol Europe was
slightly in excess of the American,
amount ng to 92,522.
A few years ago the people were
leaving   Canada     and    going  to tht
1 nlted Slates, hut now the n-verst
is the case. During the lirst ten
months   of last     year     there were
1,010 homesteads taken in Western
Canada by United Slates citizens. All
the states ami Territories of the
Union were represented, Dakota
sending the largcsl number, wz:
I am instructed by the Columbia River Orchards, Ltd.,
to place on the market for quick sale their entire Central Park Subdivision on the Columbia River, Kootenay District of British Columbia,
consisting of 66 Lots at from
$30 to $3S0 per Lot
$5,45 to $31 80 per acre1
Terms: $10 cash and $10 per month.    No interest.   Taxes paid until 1911
On March 27th, 1909, Mr. .1. D. Anderson, B. C. Land Surveyor, wrote
us with reference tii the Central l';irk property n* follows:
Tin' more I sit nf this particular block tbe wot* liighl) I think ul it There
is no possible donbt but this is very hinh (Trade fruit land, and it i* s pily thai
Bottlers im- nut already on it. It is so easy to clear, and tbe land is t!;<- cuaraeti'r-
istic hi^li crrade fruit Iniul ut' this district, that is sun- to !•»■ in time ;t very
profitable tract, It compares very favorably with the Donkhobors' land at
Waterloo nnd the McEenzie land at Champion Creek below Waterloo, held at
$."ilt t» S160 an acre.
Never before have B. C. Fruit Lands been offered at such ridiculous
prices. Price is no object. These lands MUST BE SOLD within 20
days. The owners have given definite instructions to sell every lot
regardless of price. This is, I believe, the first time the public has been
given the opportunity to buy Fruit Lands at such prices.
Maps, surveyor's reports on each lot and application fctms will tc
mailed on request.
The Sale lasts for Thirty Days only
339 Main Street, Winnipeg, Man. or Nelson. B. C.
************************ ***************
Any available Dominion Landi
within the Kailwuy licit in Brltilb
Columbia, majr he humctteaded hy
any person who || th*' sole bead ol a
family, or any mule over 18 v«an i
age, to the cjctcot ol oDo^juartec n
lion of li.ii acres, motfl or less.
Entry must he made personally ut
(he local land olhrc for the disuiU
hi which Hie land is initiate. Entry
by pioxy piay, hownTcr, he tn.nl.- on
itTtam conditions by the latin r,
mother, ion, dauphin, brother 01
sister of an Intending homestead' r.
The homesteader || reipured to per>
luim the condition! connected thorn*
with under one ol tbe billowing plan
tl) At least six montna1 residence
upon and cultivation of the land in
each year lor tlitre tears.
i«(. If the fall., i (or mother,
if the father is deceased), ol the
homesteader resides upon a farm in
the vicinity of the land entend foi,
the requirements as to residence may
be satisfied by llicfa |>erson residing
with the father or mother.
(8), If the seitlei hus bis permanent residence upon funning land
owued by bim in the wan ity of his
homestead, the requirement! as to
residence may be laltalstd by residence upon tbe said land.
Sis months' notice In writing
should be Riven to the Commissioner
ot Dominion Lands at Ottawa of intention to apply for patent.
COAL—Coal mining rights may he
leased for a period of twenty-nne
yean at an annual rental of $1 per
ncre. Not more tlrnti 2,(70 acres
shall he leased to one indl\idonl or
company. A royally at the rate of
Ave cents per ton shall he collected
oo the merchantable coal mined.
Deputy ot the Minister of the Interior. 2*l-2fil
lhat an application will he made under Part V. of the Water Act, 1803,
to obtain a license in the Cranlirook
Wilier District.
(a). The name, address and occupation ot the applicant: Qeotge K
Henderson, Wardner, M C . Hydraulic Engineer.
(b). The name of Ihe lake, stream
or source til unnamed the description
is): Dull River.
(c). The point of diversion is one
and a half miles up stream from Hull
River Bridge (pack bridge.)
(it). The quantity of water applied
for (in cubic feet per second): Three
hundred and forty cubic feet.
(e). The character of the proposed
works: Hydro-electric powi r plant.
The dam and Hume already constructed hy the applicant under authority
ol Water Record, No. in;.
(f). The premises on which the
water is to be used (describe same):
Three thousand and seven, Group
One, Kootenay District.
(g). The purposes for which the
wuter is to be used: Power purposes.
(i). It the water Is to be used for
power or mining purposes describe
the place where the waler is to be
returned to some natural channel,
ami the difference in altitude between
point of diversion and point of return: Water to he returned to Bull
River ten thousand feel below the
place of diversion, Difference in altitude between point ol diversion is
two hundred and sixty one feet
(j). Area of Crown Land Intended
to be occupied by the proposed
(Ic). This notice was posted on
U.e 85th day of January, 1810, and
application will he made to the
commissioner on .Monday, the 88th
day of February, 1010.
(I), (live the names nnd addresses
ol any riparian proprietors or licensees who or whose lands are
likely to he affected by the proposed
works, either above or below Uu t
let: The Canadian Pad So Railway
Company as owners of lot four thousand five hundred and ninety, Group
one, Kootenay.
(Signature)   Oeorfe E. Henderson,
:>u-2\ (P.O  Address)   Wardner, »''
«»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦+♦
MISS   CRANDAL,   B.A.,   Teacher
School opened January 10th. Pupils will lie
received at any time on application to the
Hoard of School  Trustees.
»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ «*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The junction of thetireat Northern Railway with tbe
C.P.R.. and it i« l»o*jn'l to l»ea Kailwav Centre.
The fin'."-t Rastdeotla! town in East Kootenav and adjacent to the
Coal and Oil Field?.   Uvautifn! nenery and dint*.   Tbe Elk liiver ie
conceded a» one of the lights of the Hockies
Price of lota |76.00 corners and ISQ.ou Inside, terms—,'j cash,
balance o and 11' months at h per cant Interest.
Apply t<-> T. «"i. Proctor, ii*-n*
Nelson, ti C : or to
»\ Mai.iirer.71,
rtesaf Valh
r.t, Elko.
t Co.,
why not Lave it.
YOrj   CAN  liKT   IT  AT  THK
C 0 S M 0 P 0 1.1 T A N     H 0 T K L     ii A B
Every day in tho wtok exoept Sundays
E. H. SMALL, Prop.
******************* *************************
East Kootenay Bottling Co.
Manufacturers of all kinds of
Carbonated KcvcraKCs.
Nervous Exhaustion
Whipping an exhausted nerve
system with alcoholic stimulants
ly shortens thtrosd to physical
collapse. Tlie only remedy ia
Pood, Rest and nerve repair.
"AsAVA-NBURAtt,"!. and makes
possible this cure. It feeds the
nerves, induces sleep, improves
the appetite and digestion ; and
soon full nerve vigor is regain
ed. $1.50 per Ixrttle. Obtain
from the local agent.
There are others, but!!
♦       PEONS II f. O, BOX -"I
Manitoba Hotel
Headquarters for
The Manitoba Ii centrally located and has one of the besl dlnlngroomi
in the city,  Tlie bar in mppfled with the l*nt ol Liquors and Olgan
****»Mr>*»ir^*#*ir**»*¥****«*fr IM ll   >ioo}|ji /.i.\\i 21HT
<'•■'   ..■'':     t
•J.00 A VEA1I
By the Herald   Publishing Company,
F. .1. Deane, Managing Editor.
^-JjO   BV^^
Tin- naval policy nl the Dominion
government is coming in for a good
deal ol criticism on the pari of tho
'lory jiO'ss ami nf some of thr Tory
members ol parliament. Much of
ihis criticism is unworthy a moment's consideration, being lounded
upon nothing more reasonable than a
desire to put the Liberals in a false
position Sir Wilfrid Uauricr's
policy may lalrly he said to he distinctly practical ami reasonable, lie
does not allow himself lo he carried
away hy tlie ultra-Imperialism ol his
Tory    critics, neither    docs he give
too     great  Weight      1" lllfl      view of
those, nnd they are no Insignificant]
minority, who would do nothing. He
has put forward a program that, if
consistently adhered to, will in due
course provide a navy lor Canada,
limit ami manned hy Canadians, and
entirely subject to their control. He-
Mew inn  tlie naval  policy of the Lib-
bee has been squelched for the lime-
being ami the lords have certainly
been shown thai their attempt tu
dictate the financial policy ol ihe
country will not he lolcrated. it is
not at all probable that any very
drastic reforms in the house ol lords
will he put forward, hut it may be
assumed that Mr. Asquith will lake
early sieps to make it thoroughly
clear that no further interference
with the government's financial proposals will he tolerated. Whilst
Canadians general!] were deeply con-
cer 1 in ihe outcome of Hu- campaign so far as changes in Greal
Britain's fiscal polity were concerned, far greater Interest must attach
io ihe prospective social relorm
measures, now that Ihe Asquith minis! rj has been sustained.
The iioaid of trade is waliing dp
. nnd now has some practical work underway. The securing ol a brunch
land    registry office  for   CraitUrbbk
will he ii move in ihe rlglll tlireiiion
and very much in public interests. It
is high time there was division ol the
ork now conccntraloil in the MyLsuii
registry and no better start.in ibis
direction could be imWeUhnri by   the
establishment   of   a   registry   nfliee    ill
Cranbrook, the center of a.very Inlgc
ami rapidly filling up,; ■UuT|tIor>. The
hoard of trade must take hold of
this work energetically arid tloVvery-
eral administration, the London thing in its power lo si lengthen llic
Spectator, one of tbe staunchest ami hands of Mr Caven in bis apiilicalimi
sanest of English Imperialistic Jour- to the government for neitturjn liiik
nnls, Bays: matter.    The board of t rude* if "'more
Perhaps the complete naturalness t to secure for Cranbrook an [ndepend-
of Canadian naval ambition will become more apparent if we compare
the situation now with what occurred when the garrisons ol hritish
regular troops were withdrawn from
Canada ami Australia. Canada and
Australia might have said then that
they    did     nol    care     to   go to the
trouble of training ami maintaining ment in tbnl building
troops of their own, ami would prefer lo hire Hritish regiments to continue the work of garrisoning the
country Instead of that, tbey preferred to raise troops approximate to
their peculiar duties. When we look
hack on those times it would appear
to us absurd if the Colonists had
come to any other decision.
"And   we feel sure that a hundred business,
years from now, when a considerable
Canadian    navy   will be in existence, \
cut municipal building is also in the
right direction. At present the city
council is housed in the provincial
government building, "which- |K n,,t
conveniently fit-Minted1 fur*city business, ami, moreover, astjhfi pi'min-
eiab govrrniijeiit \Ui not 'believe in'
currying insurance, the city's inwst-
s liable to be
wiped mil nt any'1 tfn'u'. "jflinti'M :r flit
occur Tbe provincial goverrimetif'
have signified their willingness to buy
out tho city's interest in the build
ing for $7,500, the amount invested,
ami no time should he lost in closing
Ihe deal nml in starling work on a
city municipal building, conveniently
situated  for  the  transaction  of civic
million university graduates pxer-
ed the franchise. Twenty ileliher-
ive assemblies, or provincial parlia-
■nts, have entered upon llieit work,
licli, for the present, will bemflvis-
■', rather than legislative ly their
atiou to tbe I'ekin nuliouul"e\Ycu*
e Over fourteen district^ ' or
inly   councils   ar'e'liciug esb&htlsli-
O «
in the
a quiet   but effect i1?e* re-
Celesiial empire against
.'s haisb inatiia^fl laws,
made  Ihe girl   tbe slave ■.uglier
hefortv herOfifVrmiig''. thiViQ.ne
vol I
ol  her husband alter ami nf hoi t,nn,
if l, ft a widow.       They also permit,
polygamy     "The Society of slsiejs''
has lieeu organized with n vlosj     to
heading a national movement ' along
Ihcso and btiter similar lines.
Last  year     there     was an average
|iel  day of .177 conversions tosjCttrlsJ
llaruiy      oil   Ibe      Protestant   (briign
mlstfluil lields. Tfie total ofii-riugs
in Christian work'by the iiativ>#ijiis-
M.-ti churches was $1,8-11,000, '-Jieing
is ,,e
cent of the total gifts for;lor
missions     of.    tlie Protestant
A me
ol     mill
mautied by tbe splendid seamen who
Inhabit the Atlantic and Pacific
coasts ol Canada, Englishmen will
wonder that it was proposed that
Canadians should pay other sailors
to do their work for them "
Hon. Sidney Fisher, Dominion minister of agriculture, has instituted an
investigation, through the officials of
his    department, into   the abnormal
T. Herviiie Thomas, formerly ol
Cam rose, Alberta, well known in the
western newspaper world, has started the publication oi a Sunday morning paper in Vancouver A similar
venture was inaugurated sometime
j ago and failed, hut when Captain
■ Thomas takes hold of anything failure is not likely to be the outcome.
The Vancouver Sunday Mail, a profusely illustrated sixteen page paper,
has come to hand ami for a first Is-
increase in the cost to the consumer   sue is decidedly creditable.
ol various farm products and   other
commodities relating thereto during
the past lew years. A similar investigation into the cost of living,
with a view to getting comparative
figures as to wholesale ami retail
prices, wages, cost of raw material
nnd ol     the finished    product on     a
may be permitted to express an
opinion on tbe subject, we would
ruggest that in order to make the
Sunday Mail an assured success, it
will he necessary to pay greater attention to local affairs and to provide up to the minute telegraphic
news.     Whilst  the lirst  issue is   de-
large line of commodities in     daily cidedly      interesting    and   carefully
use, has    also been undertaken      by edited, there is a lack of local   news
the    minister of    labor, and is now mid of   late     telegraphic,      without
well  under  way.       The investigation which no Sunday morning paper   can
will be a most complete and thorough hope to make substantial headway.
one      Tbe general  problem will     he 	
looked Into from every side nml com-1   The attention of   local and district
HpiU- ol the'financial ilcpresshin tjtlic
oiiciuigs for forotHir missions by j the
Canadian nud Ij'itiled Stales clliiixlu
increased      last      year    by    *t.Q2,«Uii
'Mils,  no doubt, is chiefly owing ' t
vile inspiration of lit*: greal Laymen's
Missionary movemeiiL,
Ar the:-'rerew ■SrHdent VoHmtary
Missionary convention in Rocnpmdr,
V Y.. over 3,000 were in aUeSancc,
representing 722 institutions rftul 29
nationalities. No less thaS'tXsIfl
student volunteers have sailed '> £ilh
thc gospel of light to darkest iioatli-
indom since the/.inception of-4 his
rrisade'-ih-tbe ertih-^Cs only £ .'few
years ago. : <
Alnn^^^Wrr'^r^^iie^ forward
movement *lh* MHtft»ftfl&MlL
Lord's Day Alliance, reports' that the
Yukon, Keewatiu ami Cngava have
made a distinct advance in the observance of one-day-in-seven rest for
the toilers.
The Canadian branch of tbe British
and Foreign Hible Society supplies
tlie sacred scriptures to the western
provinces in eighty different languages.
liritisli Columbia is to have a
hivenile court with its usual accessories for the prevention of early
criminal  tendencies.
Two gambling houses were raided
by the Winnipeg police and an arrest
of thirty-three players with the
proprietors was made.
Hevelstoke, B. C, authorities
allow no "restricted district" professionals to walk on their sidewalks.
Such are restricted to the middle of
the road. Nelson, B. (!., has ordered all signs ami lights of these outcasts down and out. Woodstock,
Ont., with MOO people, tolerates no
"restricted district." Recently the
police discovered a bawdy bouse and
promptly raided it, arresting both
visitors and occupants.
parlsons drawn between conditions in
Canada, the United States and other
countries, with respect to the cost id
living, remuneration of labor and
other phases ol tbe subject, covering
the last two decades. The results
of the investigation will he published
In the Labor Gazette.
These    investigations    are   timely.
lumbermen, in particular, is called
to the interim report of the Forestry Commission, appearing elsewhere
in this issue. There may be points
in this report which, in the opinion
of lumbermen, call for special attention and the Herald would invite aiiy
lumherman concerned to utilize the
columns of ibis paper to bring any
such to public notice.     In view    ol
latum, it is unlikely that there
be anything like lull discussion
the government measure, based upon
this report, which is to he brought
down during ihe present session.
Hence it is all Important ibat the
lumbermen, alive to thotr own   best
interests, seize such opportunities as
may offer to present their ease to
the public.
Throughout the Dominion, as also in tbe present constitution of the legis
the United States, there is a growing outcry against the increased cost
of living. We in liritisli Columbia
have ns good cause for complaint as
have those ol the eastern provinces.
It is a noticeable tact that whilst
the coat of (arm products has materially Increased tin- farmers are
getting hut very little, if any, better
prices f(>r their products than tbey
did before the increases took effect.
There is a movement all over the
A met ican con I men t against the
present high cost of living, a cost
totally out c.f proportion to the
slight increase In wages that has
gone into ellect in some industries
There is a nigger in the wood" pile
somewhere snd it is to in- hoped that
the Investigations now underway on
the other    side ..[  tie line and in
Canada, will have some effect in the
direction of disclosing his identity
nud staying bis ravages
Thp British general elections are
about concluded and a fair estimate
of the standing of the respective parties may now be formed. Premier
Asquith, with the co-operation of the
Labor party and tbe Nationalists,
will be in a position to effect desired
modifications In the constitution of
the house of lords and put through
the budget, Whether or not he will
be able lo carry out his program in
regard to Home Rule for Ireland, remains to he seen.     The protectionist
REFORM Mo\ i:\IK\ts,
It is Interesting to note ibat in the
Philippine Islands the use or possession of opium in any form by any
person is made a crime, and that Ihe
new law is enforced, the prohibition
is   absolute Medical    use is safe
guarded by stringent laws that forbid on penalty of Imprisonment Indulgence in the drug The question
has been made a moral one and principle has triumphed over profit. Former opium victims are treated tree
in the government hospitals. China's
heroic struggle against this evil, with
less success hut With a dogged per
sistnnee, while he watched with sympathetic interest by all Livers ol reform
As one of the first steps towards a
constitutional governmonl in China
tbe first elections In all Ibe history
of this ancient and vast empire were
held at tho close of the year. In Ihe
vole it was estimated Hint more than
".Money and Risks," the organ
the Canadian Fire Insurance
panics, devotes a leading article in
its issue of November last, to a consideration of the new insurance act,
Introduced in the Dominion parliament last session, and to lie finally
disposed of this session.
We reproduce below some ot the
chief features of this editorial with a
view to giving those interested in the
subject some idea ot the altitude of
Ibe Canadian Fire Insurance companies lo the subject. Many Canadian
firms, particularly It. C. mill owners, strongly object to the provisions
of tbe proposed act and it will be
well ror Ihem to study the arguments
of those who ate advocating its passage
"Money and Risks" says:
"lulling the discussions nt Ottawa
Hie suggestion was thrown out that
any manufacturer he permitted to insure m unlicensed foreign mutual insurance companies if he declared the
transaction and paid a tax to the
governmonl upon the piomlum, and
this suggestion was Introduced into
the insurance act
"Before the bill was passed, various amendments and changes were
Introducid and that permission was
greally broadened, and then read
thai "Any person may insure any
property in any foreign unlicensed lire
insurance company or underwriters,"
provided within thirty days after he
had so insured he notified the gov-
'Tiiiiient, am) if not later than ihe
1st of March In the yenr following
thai in which the insurance was placed he sent a slatement to tbe gov-
ernmenl, giving in detail the particulars of the insurance, the amount,
rale and premium, names of companies, etc., und neat to the government the tax ot |fi per cent upon tlie
premiums   paid;    provided,   however, i
that if the   rate be more than 1 per j
Petit the tax was only to be If* cents
per $111(1 of insurance.
"Tltere was another provision requiring the insured to send particulars of tiff s'tandlng of the companies
be iusmed with—just for what object
is not ipiifc l.iiti, because there was |
ho dowei! gli.n i" the government by
the ai) in prohibit any insured from
insuring in am compan^ he liked, no
matter what its'slanding might be..
"Tlieso provisions only require   to
he stated tu show how lax .l^hcy ate
ami, how impossible of strict lullll-
itiuuL, especially when it is remembered lhat it is ibe insured living any-
wlieie in Canada, Irom Llic Atlantic
lo ihe pacific, who is requited to do
Hum' things, ami lhat there was no
power given to the gownuucnl lo enforce this clause of tbe acl.
"A similar proposition in regard to
CUAtom duties would be admittedly
"The Insurance companies contend,
however, that il is not a fuir proposition, for, while presumably the suggested tax of 15 per cent is to equal*
i/e tbe positions of Ibe licensed and
the unlicensed compnnies, no one can
say that 1"> per cent or any otliei
percentage would he a fair amount lu
balance tlie equation. .-,:....
"The insurance companies did not
ask for tho insurance act; they did
not ask to he regulated. The government passed the insurance act, anil
have regulated the companies in the
Interests of the public. The act
should go or it should be applied to
all alike.
"Surely the underwriters and the
public have a right to demand, at
tbe hands of those they send to
parliament to represent their interests, that nothing should be left undone to safeguard those interests—
surely tbey have the right to ask for
protection from companies that
adopt measures for T getting pioney
Ibat are morally fraudulent.
Tbe claim      of   .the      licen
sed       insurance companies      is
thai if there is to be an insurance law, il should he applied to all
absolutely alike, and that if a company declines to come to Canada
through the front dour, refuses . to
submit itself to examination, refuses
to make the required deposit, it,
should he made impossible lor any-
sue to act as agent or in any other
capacity for that company. .Such a
position would seem to be incontrovertible, and when the matter is
again considered by tbe house of
commons and seriate it is hoped that
they will see the justice ol the
claims uf the licensed insurance companies."
■■t'->i' v.;.., ,i..,,.',,....]. .i. ^,^^
I    *♦.-; f K KIM r A «¥ I* . HM O
Opportunity is knocking  at
your  door,  leave   the  latoh
string out.
Look at these wonderful skate
prices.      The   Mail   Order
Houses are nowhere in it.
Wo liavi' just (i  few skates loft
anil nro selling them ut tliq
following prices-
ACME    •
KoRiilur $1 nn nml 81.00 !
Helling ut 81.00 and 7.'>e. .
Hegnlar $2.00
Selling at $1.50
Regular $2 75
Selling nt $9.2:.
'    !   Regular $4.60
Selling at $100
Does'nt the above tickle your
fancy ? Tickle ours by taking
advantage of the offer,   i
The Hardware Men
Howard Armstrong Oscar Alexander
En- Av.
Divisions     rolled
Division I.—
1.   >l.   ('ransluii .'in
Division II.—
Miss Caldwell
Division III.—
Miss Alward
Division IV.—
.Miss   Stewart
Division V—
Miss Hall ...
Divisipn VI.—
Miss   Fraser
11 il-.1i Scliiml—
Miss   Crandall
AH.   Percent
20.94      89.94
'il       1131      81.07
58 49.9C      811.15
59 50.81      80.17
71      00.09      81.30
Division I.Wilfrid Dallas
Herman Hinktey
Meltini l.eek
llattie llurcll
Louise Klmer
Iteiiln stnnrt
.15      10.73      71.55
..339    388.40      82.82
-I,. .1. Cranston.
Hcrt    Mnrgntroyd
.lack Hastam
Olive White
Sydney Klmer
Charlie Morrison
Ray'd   Armstrong
Division  II -Miss Caldwell, Teacher.
Earl Stewart .lack Wilson
\ inlet  llencin Bdlth  Adderley
Percy Dardgetl      Nathan Bernhardt
Eva Ciirdey Viney Doris
Gladys lllckenliotlneii Grade Ihggins
Iriin; Leask Laura Itichards
I la/el Taylor Gordon Fowler
Wesley Finley Lnn'ta  Armstrong
Division  III.—Mil* Alward, Teacher.
Dorothy Whlttnore Runel St. K.lol
Merrill  l.eask
Jessie Cmrisoii
Cecil Alexander
Freda Patmore
Alice Drown
Mclvln llurton
Harry Doris
Blanche Hranlt
Cyril Patmore
Ratnsford Parks
Robert Hutch
■a   IV.—Miss Stuart. Teacher
Pleasant llinkley
Evelyn Burton
Norma Muser
Cryslle Tucker
Sadie W I
Norman Fowler
Alex. Mciinic
D Id Taylor
Gordon Taylor
I Men Bridges
Marion Lcltch
•Margaret St. EIol
Merle Taylor
Helen Whittiiore
Arnold llalsnl
Ootiglas McCowan
Fred Bradley
Division  V.-Miss  Mall, .Teacher.
John Brake
Jack Cannon
Ethel Dow
Veldt Oaskill
Walter Laurie
Edward Itine
Keith Wasson
Edward Brown
Dorothy Doswell
Uuhv Finlay
Roy Joyce'
William Prudca
Clifford St.  Biol
Illusion   VL—Miss   Fraser, Teacher.
Merle Bathie Ed.  Barnliardt
Charles Clapp        (inrficld Taylor
Norman Wasson     Vernon Woodman
Fraak Becker Muriel  Baxter
Margaret Morrison Lautie Cyr
Rose Cyr James  K, inhale
Bertie Townsead     Roy  Uohichaud
Irene Beraard
High School*.Miss Crandall, Teacher.
Oarnet llinkley       Kathleen  Bridges
Jessie Keancdy       Katie Leek
Daisy McCallum      Maudie Short
Commenciag   on   Thursday   night,
February   10th,   the   splendid i:,i.-
hardt company, Including Miss Jose
phine Deflry, in an excellent soleo
tion of high-class plays, loiecs to
the Auditorium for an engagen-cut of
three nights.    The lirst nlghl'*   ol
fering will 1 Paid in Full," and ii
you [ail to sir it you will nave mused a wonderful performance ol a vory
interesting comedy It Is one ot
the distinguished and iui.u-.linle see-
cesses which swept Into tavur. It
will he the lirst time 'In, 'milium
comedy lias *■ en v,-i ,- n.|, . .i.
There is a succession ol |iMeholoc.icnl
surprises, an intense ua lireerrenl
that keep* one quite apart Irom the
delight in the scorching sella', the
double-edged humor In   the sparkling
lines.       Judging     from i ventlon.l
dramatic standards, il Ik one ol the
best ol modem times The piny
will lie beautifully mounted and excellently acted Change of plays
each night. Reserved seats on sale
at Beattie and Atchison's. Prices
25c , 35c. and 50c.
The Boise Clipper snvs of a recent
appearance of the Eckhardt company
n that city:
"One of the most Intensely Interesting performances ever ivltnessed
In Boise was that of "Paid in Full"
presented nl the new Piaiiey
theatre this week hy the Eckhardt
Company, supporting Miss Josephine
DctTry. It was n real privilege to
witness this great performance.
Never bclenr has a stuck eompnny
been able to present such   high-class
( 'lOII'lll::.] '■: .1 100   Ifllaoq I '
11   l»    -: I13''l   ■   ■'    ' '       '.t.   .1.
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Bioblnitniuld    ■>,■> lo sulJiwi .'     ''
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iliiovs -i:ii no lil'id tail   , lit.I   ,.n )
il  B hmi  ,1 ll   V 1 ■:<> i.f-»-.l  )o
U  '"1  I ". "I  li'ilitinuqu yr.u  BlnlO'JI
1   noli   >im 'ill .'1 11      1,,., i
0      dii// l,.|.,,un| ,,i   (noi|moi Kill J
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Hum ii| 11../  |.,.li,.-,'     . ' l
        ..     ' 1
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hit I'll"
nl   ul"
il«   1 >
Announcement !
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»♦ **********************
Noi-ftury Avenue
•lloiiup (Mintnib* ■PariW;; Dining Honm.  Kitihrn, Hull,
>'ir<i'|iliitYt tl Hail-rooms RiHi'tflntM* (ItWtfrvTrMtVt VimI"' '
1 :,   , ,■ Atath. fcigttnplar ami Pui nncc.
This is an IDeAL HOME and:]
* Agents for Crcat We»t Permanent Ldirn ami Savings Co:
l>"0NE!6     ..tTVS^OREi;
THE QyAyB-^1    ii
I   ■  **__—-  WKEBE VOU CAN AlWAYS C£T    ♦
When ordering your neit tack of Flour remember yon will have
the Whitest Hi tint und more toilVea fti.tn a tick oi
ANCHOR     BRAND     OR     ROIi'N     HOOD
than frum any other on the market, boll) brandl
[days the same as the Eckhardt Company is giving the theatre-goers ot
Bolte. "Paid in Full" affords o»-
liurtunity for high-class acting which
is excellently rendered hy the Kek-
hart company."
lli'adi|iiarti-r.s for .lap otftDgBi at
Rev. It IlilRhes will preneli at \\y-
ilille   M'liool lionse     nevt Sunday nl
liTiioon at thrii', nnd iiilministi-i tin'
Sni'ramrlit of tin' Lord's Suppet al
the elnse of the nrvlco,
WANTKU—Partoor   (olthn   wtlro
or silent) with almiit t.'iiili lo raise
rhii'ki'iis and duckl 011 n lug* si-iilv.
snt't'i'ss assuii'il and |iroved thr l*l»l
season For |iai lii-nlars address
Box 2S7, Cranlirook, B II. r. 1 -:it •
• lames     Bates, deputy   Ra  vvai
den, was in Hoylo this week, cut).
Irrrine with Conslftblo Ulnsmore Tithe onforct nl of the (lame  Art  in
Hint locality.
The lollowlni have been appointed!
license and police commissioners: License commissioners, Aid. .los. .luck-
son nnd c. II. t'aslake; police com-
missloners, Aid. D, J. Johnson and
V,  Hyde Baker
Seitiiiui  from  pure broil White,
Wyandotte*  nml Itnrreil Plymouth
Moek».   (Inlers hooked alieoil.
Price  lor m-ninir ol   K««b  |I,ik>
Apply .HIS. WAI.KI.KY.   is.ie
OIVEN that a   meeting ol th* sub-
scrlhers ol the Capital Stock ol The
Hank of Vaoeouvol will he held at
the Board of Trade rooms, Molson's
Bank Building, 548 Hastings si , W .
Vancouver, 11 C , on 'I'nesdny. the
lirst day of March, pun, ul 10
o'clock a.m.
The builoos* ol tlie meeting will
be to deleriullii' Uu- d.iy on wlueli the
niiuual general meeting ol Un hunk
will he held,
To eleei such numbol of the Directors, duly quaimed under the Hunk
Ari, us the Subscribers may think
iieei'ssnry, who shall bold oltlcc until
ihe annual general  eling id     the
year Doll succeeding then election
To |i\ the qualirlcat! I the Ill-
rectors subject to the provisions of
the Hunk  Ail
To lis ihe method ol iiiIihk vacancies in the Hoard of Directors whenever the same may oeeur each year
j To nn uie time ami proceedings tor
the election of the Directors in case
of any failure of nny election on the
day appointed for it.
To proscribe the record to bo kept
of proxies and the time not exceeding III! days within which proxies
must be produced and recorded prior
to any subsequent meeting, in order
to enable the holder to vote thereat.
And to regulate such matters ai
by bylaw the Shareholders may rc-
Kiilale pursuant to terms of Sec. IS,
ol the Hank Act.
A. L  Dcwar,
•Secretary   ot the   Provisional Board
ol Directors. 5Mt T^B ,|C»AN/IH)(,lJi ^RAifl'l
Head Office: Montreal, Qu^c/'
CAPITAL PAID UP     -    ' - '   $lfttmboo
RESERVE      -     -     -     - :    S.MW00 ...: ■•
TOTAL ASSETS    -      r      -      70,000,000
II. S. HOLT, Presl'.leut
El L. l'KAUK, (lenorsl Maunder'
Accounts   pf vKirnjs,   £qrjjpraiinns   yh4.Y,,ll|''iv'''lla!i..
Out-of-town busiaoBB receives svery attention.
SWINGS DEPARTMENT. DapoBlt*of 11.00and
upwards roooived and interest allowed at current rate.
No formality or delay  in  withdrawing.
A (i. ral  Banking busitioBB transaoted,
Cranbrook Branch: W. A. SCHWARTZ, Mgr. |
Stable  to  rent.    Address Box 2.IK
Mrs.  lrvinR Wlllson  will not     ro-
(■('iv<'jun,'Kritluy, l''i'hiii;i*y--lAh..
Krosb cucuraliert, .11 ste'viartib.
Sweet eider at .Campbell and Man.
'jjf'il   McCalliim hn. i,'turned. Irom
a visit to Victoria.
JfVrA   Connolly i»'It'iijifincd,   to''the.
housowith uiilaniuiati'iv rhflWnatism
A, I.. Wilson, of jilovie, wa^ in the
city .Sunday.
Mee.wjsp.celeiv .11 sypwart's..:  '
William   Young, uovernmonl  bridge
lllspei'tui,   wns„Ui..tliu clVy   Mi'l.'U
C   Hnnkiii, t\  ]'   It. conductor, lias
Ibeen transferred    tn Winning    eiid~t.'
I left for that city Friday night.
|    E.   Culver,   real  estate  ment,      ol
Calgary, was In the olfey lor s   low !
day(j«tliis week.    r,)K
WANTi:i)—Third claBS 'engineer, In
take , rtiarge of In,Hits at i#\- pnlilie
school Aiiply ,S II llosKina1, secie
tary.uloard of fcchuol Trustees   '•" H
W. K. ' Luridberprt.V local IhtI ■>
circle*, returned Iron} a two weeks
visit with friends lri'>|iol(ane.
ply ti,   N     Mclloiiald, or 1'. u    |i,,v
1(13. Ml'
David   Breckenridge,   ■■:     Wardner,
I      lHSalti   df''r*ii|e»l(/''v1\ld,l . ?    .-.I"''!'
I cream delivered   evpry morning    7in
tenlized bottles.      Phone  I04C -W
A^Kflll   . •-——■— .—.—■■-■    ^i,m*[
W   J   Mien, of Moryiville, was m
1      S.     Uush,     luipectoi  Imi   !
SiiHtl.i'il    meats a   specialty al  I
Wood. A Co. _T^
♦ ■     •uj>|"»»>»' ■■'•ii'j|jf»!l«iUije in" doiviMlvjrjsjpMiiti and »ev
♦ IAiy*l# viiiri^l^^oftfa niii Ijav*. BSbjh free of clam..
♦ liycalliiiL' nt uiIb Btore. ■ TIie,\eV.i.!t» IaVpV>jrW home .m!1-
♦ i"r25ce|ii«. ,We aim lime another'tom ■'. ot i., lieh pvii ep
:*        J'V',the oil linn of Reed ,v nation, BilverJnniiiilueturjrjWii s"
.'eaifW,**.!:,'!, 'can''lie tliorouijh'lyte'ie.l >:i .n tflejo tpeivork
♦ .Kith l.„i litjfc'rtlhhiiiir.     ' ',:- '    '
: w. ti. wiLsj^N, oJ^EgL*n *
■ Lt.j.'l  srfj   Iii,;
All Ladies holding1 Palm Olive Soap
Post Cards plvfasWirig therri
to us and receive
one cakeiACp
ii ,.,''    '■  ■'_ ''\'-   -;_Vr'/  \a&t.  '*       '
The   Preset iption   Druggists
********* ^****^*.****************************
|654 --  ACRES
Six   miles   from   Creston
\ ,A      ,1111'lev,  Ih. Fertile rglilrfl
IK ktuKJn i.iiwi bflTueglKjmf
the elty 'I'u. -.il.iv
Thos  Walkei ifi. en Tusaday Jright
An UrSWtftvWfrf     SflJ
tlni Fertile rylitrac,-
Hot drinks und home,made biscuits
>v Tin' naiiii."     Brtj    nr    ;
t'lnts   A     McKay    wns   nn from
MnVIe  nil' bUHMNnj   tlllBi Vleei. Qff|
Mara   (llilluuil,  ..I    ill...   was      In
TOrrtTh ;/;i.   ■■   -
V   Oi'Miiiliuii, nf    Hoyle, was     in
Huriis ami   Co.,  wai up Irom  Kcrnle
W   Hall, of the C.P It   engineering
4Ciff«C8srit'"^^''LtolES' LINEN
Monday, t
'S' itfTktfW,  havlii '.'/:    fd .,: lifij1 '
olgar*bUBincH, will be leaving   iliorl mi*\j\jiji
ryUiirluW-i.^-:   M&Z h0 Qten3wn£3210   ^efttj^i
tu reside in future
fif$\jk Mit'iu lni^.!d«Ofin  itkitfceivai
[rmn ins    recent Illness thai in- was
!H $$&?*y abfioiJii;   bt\ ?bIe A^lmf0 'M^^^ "w^
II. LVIcKay, ol Lethbridge, was vw-
Iting Irlonds in tho city Sunday,
milk cows just coming iii. Apply .1.
W. KwWnson, Craiibrnok.      ■iBB0-2t
Wallle Tannhauser has returned
Irom Spokane, lie reports that his
brother Otto is slowly irnprovinp.
borsos, with larRe hay loft and oat
bin above. Address Uox 22K.        50-tf
L. I,. Langln entertained a few of
his" $>wt£ -. Triewfs' {? iis H'oM «>"
Ttit'sday" evening.
TO RENT—A large, warm basi^
ment storeroom. Apply at the Ilrr-
atd oflice. 49-tf
z Wiieninp . itm aj eompl.-ftyj l;i>e r«R
cjina, ■ (ffletiefo-iiiid     jfahi'M-.
Campbell and ManniiiR.
r-ti, •  U.     Ward, ••(    the pmnliniujt-
i\gonVylc(iuipa|iy,   ;*J»^s vfp-  t^Mac-
l ■    .
NYarly   all   lirst   i*1rsb
I  ,-
Price $30.00 per acre
[ Cash, lwl'iriiv to snit.
ii Fred A. Russell C& Co. .
Ncxf door to P. Woods' Meal Market *
B O. Box HI \
tei.il. nn MinitNl^iV nfW^   ^l^,",,,,
. TO     hKNT^HWera|Ati«r  rt*m?Wpntrnous
,acks. Apply  tn    \\     K   Heatty,
city. fil-t'f
K Pen ni son, of 1(. Burns ic Co.,
Frmie, is spendinR a few days in'the
'city with friends.    -
We have the best meats, the. best
cutlers and guarantee the best satisfaction in'the city—1*. Woods A Co
Sam McDonald has imported hall a
do;enteow,s from Calgary ami intends
to engage in the dairy business.
Mr. and Ufk KMitake, of Klgiu,
Man., spt-iu .Sunday villi Dr. J. W.
Hun't [orjirt «mr aflc sptcHil nnxed
ttHllI Siilunlay only at The Palm.
A. OMccm IVHrwt,'nf .laflray. has.
turn appointed a ■'. IV for the prov
See Geo. R foasK A Co. foi plans
r.-t spiing building, and be, ready to
start with the opening u( tl:e >ea-
son. r.n-jt
A I. Jiicperpjot left uu Sunbay for
a inorl visit wiUi \jfr mother in
Mi*,     s   p     Watson, ■ of Sir4»r
speal the weelv end with friends
the «r.y.
milk cows just i-nmuiR in;     Apply J
U. Kobinsnii, Cranhrtiok. ?-fi-:
.   .     1
(.Iwiinr ei|u-.rvctivci HfllMvKthf Ilcr
*ij>iiwrk.'    1 ;.Ul
Norman Addison, brother of Mix
I'. Dallas, is in the St. Eugene hospital for an operation for appendicitis, r^
Qcorgo v.. Henderson, president
und managing director nl tho Hull
River Electric Power company, left
for Chicago ofl^Monday evening. J
Henry Kerr, of Fernie, is visiting
friends in the cily. Mr Ki-n has
just    recovered     from a siege of ly-
piioiii trrtnniti   p  or
IWriMt* ff'raW.I,  liM'., M,!i'
Saturday,   January   2stli,   1010, tn
Mr.   a|Hl    Mrs.  I...  J,...l,'jikliitvli, ,'i
';.' 'V ^"iff Sfl^l ^'a"'«:''1     i>'
..?.('|!-;R,,v.li,--,it.v,,„„ »,.*,
day and   Ii'Tt for     tbe east on   lues
day morning's local.
■.There will be a dance Immediately
iiftt-r the performance in the Auditor
Friday night.     MuMf^iy the
Brandon orchestra     Tickets
Ladies free,
MOTHERS—An unusually interesting and original    iuldui, illustrating
what is   the latest In children's go-
carts. cheerfully sent  to anyone asking   for it by postal or otherwise.—
Patmnre Brns.
Customs     cnllecllon,   ,,r  ill.- Cran-
brook office for tho month of .faim-
ary, |1I&>B8: inlmrd re*Vmie collections for (he 5fame prrlod, S2717.I'!.
Jos Warfcely aiH'ehiki'Vl for siitc a
pen of ht'ns in fast Friday's issue' 01
the lleVaW and on the fnlliiwhig Saturday he sold tnWn The moral is
obvious.       I bifil •
1) II. McKay. C.1VP. hU^apeman.
Is1 le'avihg FHd.iy : fq'r a visit to
friends In VaiicWher. Sir. ^IcKay
is Just recovering from an operation
for appendicitis.
Jas. Jack,'of the (.ubliAU-Culluiwh
Co , ot Oalt, Oul , has arrived Iii
the city to install the sUiaiu plant
for the Cranbrook Mhetric Light
The followiftg air amyug, the local
curlitiii i;ntbu.siasife> \\\..> huve, gogj
down to ,the, lmiu*pirl h^ Nids<m. i'r
II. Small, I). . ,J. Johnson,, Vi.. F,
Cameron. Jas. Mtllu, Q- llo;.nartli
•fudge P. K. Wilson, |)   J. N^J.weyp,,
t,    R   Patmore and A. s, ,-:.].„ ,
t£b6ol8lbv I'ro.-h' nml   np-ti. .|;iif.
Colors   Natnml,   lii'siilii   Green
tet^wii*)!>si;iv-v. d^,4jtBnei ;nH
For this week       -      $1.45 eaol
■>      "'Tis not in in »rtiils to command success: but we'll do
more   deserve it."
(Addisos I
' ■      '.■tfiJCl/.l
The Palace Restaurant
Two duors from P. Woods & Co.
■    .' P
Regulnr $1.1)5 and $2.25
A limit 20 pair* in nil.
Elbow li'iiL'tli   Tnus auxt l^fplfus
only.   Ki'H'ilur priiip*fc (l."i,i
CI.KAItlNtl  I'l.'K K     -     si li:,
I'uilK' i'.'ibIv ami slian- before
White Swiss Embroideries
:J HhH^erliwns
Wo li.ivv laid ont .-i nnntber nl
pieces   (if   tlie   nbyve  vvliieli  un
vvortli N ei'iit^ n v.-ir'l.
I'or tliis week       -   ' -I efs. ii yu'nl
Ladies' Fleece Lined
Night Dresses
The very tbiny fur tbe cold
inn lull' ''■     Weiltller
• I  11 ■ ._ri:I.• ir-  priea Sl.il">
I'RK'i: T<> I'LKAl;
lJork P.es and Cakes made to order.
Alter-Theatre; ^upfiets a specialty.    Private
room if desired.
*♦»»««* **********************
. 5   ,^H
C. I>. K. \pV.tch Insriectors >v Graduate Opticians
• 9*****************************4**************
$1 '■',:
Special Clearance (if I,allies' l'»"V
Ctilf llonts. N.iiliinj; 1'ittei for,
this vveiiil'er.   Rfgular price $3.50.
NOW     .-       L'       $1.95 it pah-
B. c;
J On    Saturday    night.    19th H'    --'
♦ siort accc""ts.pi thqcepr.c^tbjt.,r) t.    rljifj-   ■
♦ standing who have siet'strt'.cd   IH ,QA*.    *
X in full, will find their names
* and indebtedness   pasted   en
♦ our    large    show    window.
t **mmmmmm%'***:i*y*hS£?h'- P.-c
/..f-g't-M ..S  .!' ■   .      '  '    '	
Second hand seTfirit. machines f,.r i Mr. ar.d Mrr- J T. P.utlcdge, ot
sale choap and to rent Somt 9l|P0rta0 la Hrair.c, are visiting their
them Singers. We also clean Hrni re- *oa, Dr -I ',v Rutledrc. Mr. and
pair all kinds ot machines and l.a'.v ' Mrs RotJeagc i-aw- been taking in
then done by an expert. —Siw : coast poipl and sri :. their way
StOOa 6l*-lt 't    •'.■  : .
.1.   I-'    M   Pifikharp.   '-.-ir.vj'r  of  ::.(. j    .',     1      I!..: ,;..-... ,   ;:.,;:, rt,',-r        at
local hranch of the fmperiil Ban^|MacJe})d, ia arriyjj |n 'own to re-
has ban -raii.le.-r,"! \i the Sfrathj-llieTjj fjjipj :.:.;-:.n.-i |, I'.r.'un]"',
colffl hrandi and he- vtil! +<• s'lc^dcd...ii, ,. hjayinj ,,■;■, rut *fTk lor
here hy II \\ S fpfJl'l Bl S'rH".- Meifv.., pv .;:.;,,,,'■: ie. Mrs.
rutin iBrovalee *ad D«    I   11   kjnj.
■ ■ ' ' -     .  ...  it
mwm^m^Hi.^warnmWk%ms*^**^tmmwmmmn mmh■MMHaaaMsvaMasVBnnriw'*
3 Nights, commencing
Thursday, Feb.
,nc,udlnvo«hn%BAc!|.e": MISS JOSEPHINE DEFFRY £?™S
And an Exceptionally
In a Splendid Selec ion of High Cla*a Plays
"PAID     IN     FULL"
PRICES-Children 25 cts.; Adults 35 cts.; Reserved Seats 50cts.
dale of Reserved Seats can be secured at Heatt'c & Atchison's Drug Store after Holiday, Teb. 7
We take much oleasurc In
announcing that the Opera
tiiiuAi: is now under new management and liciuil' illi the
liiKhot claAS atlrrictiuns will
he MTCurccI
Th* OnenlnsxAttraction under
the N.?«v Mnn«treinent ufll he
til •■   .|,leildTil   • I ..' il.'irdt   Lo,"
nu'u.iiiu  tne :hrijliara   nrii»t
vtis-s   jhsi;i»him;   l)l-F« U\
We guarantee the attraction
and if not as advertised uil
must cheerfully refund the
price of admission. Our policy
will be to give the hot at
Popular  Prices
The Eckhardt Company is In
no way connected with the
Musical Eckhordts that ap.
pearcd in this cily some
weeks   since.
Nature has laid a foundation for a city at the junction of the Nechaco and Fraser Rivers, in the
centre and heart of an Agricultural Territory as great as Winnipeg has; besides being the natural distributing point for all Mineral, Coal, and Timber Industries in that vast region, laying between the
Alberta Boundry and the coast, a distance of seven hundred miles and for a distance of two hundred
miles south of Fort George to a distance of four hundred miles north through all the head waters of
the Peace River country, and by the aid of energetic men and railroads there will be built on nature's
foundation a city that will be second in enterprise and commerce in the Province of  British Columbia at
Corner   Lots
Inside   Lots • -        -        $ 150.00
$10.00 down and $10.00 a month;   no interest;   no taxes.
C. A. GASKILL      -      CRANBROOK, B. C.
WWW ▼▼▼▼•**▼ WW ftff WWVTW
Thirteenth Annual Winter Carnival
RUSSLAND, lEUkUAkV 8th lo 12th, 1910
L'ud-r iii* AafplcH ul HDMlnnd I triiirul tonmiitUt.  Peitj Hunt. President
S|ih'inlld BfHirt.    Ilfttnlntjllie tfU|'kl»l Illlil prize*.
a graud nniittMiii hum in.ciov ulgbt until ttattmlttv nigh*.
KtfUUUBD   TKA \ 'I'm; i \ flUM    RATKS
IImi'ki;T—t'iiutn|iiuii»iii|i of [i. r und IflMrnationalChauiploniblp,
ski .M'Mi'lNt;-Obamploiwfaip ol I'unada.
BfCATI Nli—ObampfDnablt. ul the frovlum.
Uatqaaradfj I daaea.   <i t muelc.
Por iiifin-ftintt.iii apply to H. l*. BlcOranoji Secretory
Perhaps the most Interesting feature of Hit- proceeding ol the Don>
ini'iii parliament bo fur this session
has been tbe attitude of leading Con-
m-rvalues and tin- press which support! them, on the subject nl the
proposed navy which Canada Is about
to create.
There is a very serious misapprehension as to tht* altitude of tlie Imperial authorities with regard to tin-
navy proposals which have heel) submitted to the bouse. Objections
have been urged against tbe proposals or the Canadian government, baaed upon thi> assumption that tbe
British admiralty suggested a course
of action which has not been followed hy the Canadian government.
In the first plate it bus been stated
In the house by Conservative members and through the country by the
Conservative press, that the admiralty recommended that Canada establish what is itpOWn as a licet unit,
consisting of a "Dreadnaught" with
auxiliaries        (in page 2181, January
II, lllo, Hansard, Mr. Boyce, Conservative of Algoma, said
"Vou will see that what the ml
mlrally suggested was a fleet unit
from the Colonies "
A careful perusal of the blur hook
dealing with the proceedings ol tbe
defence conference [ails to disclose
anvthiiiK approximating such a view,
on the contrary a direct negative to
such a proposition is Riven, accompanied by tbe reasons therefore—upon
page 22 of the report arr found these
"As regards Canada, it was con-
lldercd that our double seaboard rendered the provision of a fleet unit of
thr same kind unsuitable for the present."
The reason for this is obvious. A
fleet unit to he effective must remain
intact Therefore such a unit to be
effective must, be stationed either on
the A Hunt ir or the Pacific, side,
which would leave cither the one or
the other unprotected, To separate
the unit bv di.iding il, and placing a
portion   on each   coast, would be 1 <»
destroy its effectiveness, and      make
abortive    the   result sought     to be
The admiralty appreciated tho dlf-
ticulty and knowing that to create
and maintain two units would he too
heavy a burden upon Canada's finances at the moment, wisely determined
to suggest an alternative course.
The admiralty had contemplated
plaetng a fleet unit ou the Pacific
for   strategical   considerations, but
for the reasons given the idea was
abandoned, ami the view ot the conference    on    this polrrt may he found
on page 20, in the following language:
"While, on naval Strategical considerations, it was tl ght that       a
Meet unit on the Pacific, as outlined
by the admiralty, might In the future
form an acceptable system of naval
defence, it was recognized that Canada's double seaboard     rendered  the
provision of such a fleet uuil unsuitable for the present."
With a c piete knowledge ol   the
Situation, the admiralty did not
press upon Canada ihe establishment
of a fleet unit, us the Conservatives
would   have   the   people   believe,     hut
they did make the following proposition, which may be found upon page
22 of tbe report:
"It was proposed, according to tbe
amount of money that might he
available, that Canada should make a
start with cruisers of the "Hristol"
class and destroyers of an "improved
Itiver class," a part to he stationed
on the Atlantic seaboard and a part
on the Pacific."
Thus it is abundantly clear lhat the
admiralty al no time expressed the
wish that Canada establish a licet
unit, Including a Dreadnought, and It
is also clear that the suggestion
which  was made  has  been  faithfully
jconcurreti m by ihe Dominion j^ov
eminent, and that the proposals
brought down hy sir Wilfrid Laurier
are upon the exact lines prescribed bv
I the admiralty,
|    Another point    or    imporlnnee    is
|Umt the admiralty admitted the
principle of "making a start" in the
ormatfon of a Cnumllntj navy.     in
Support ol fins view there follow two
imitations from page 21 of the re-
lort,     The lirst reads:
"While laying the foundation of
further Dominion navies to he maintained in different parts ot the empire, THESE FORCES WOULD
Then again upon the same page is
lound this declaration:
"A simple contribution of money
or material may he to one Dominion
the most acceptable for';) in which
in assist in Imperial defence. Another, while ready to provide
local naval forces, ami to place them
at the disposal of the crown IN THK
EVENT OF WAR, may wish to lay
the foundations upon which A Fl-
No man can read these extracts
withoul being convinced that the
admiralty thoroughly endorses the
position taken by Canada in making
a commencement towards building a
There is another important .eature
disclosed by the first ol the quotations immediately above which is,
that a navy such as Sir Wilfrid eon-
templates building now, is nol regarded as of the "tin pot" variety,
but on tho contrary it Is regarded
and recognized by the imperial authorities as a lone which would contribute     Immediately  and  materially
to the requirements of imperial defence
The conference appreciated another
fact which is ignored by the Conscr-
t.llnes   in     their   dlSCUSaton    0      this
question, which is. that the admiralty  recognised   lhat   the  various Done
Inlon governments might participate
in different   wnvs m carrying a por-
' f   ihe burden ot  imperial       de
fence, as best suited their political or
geographical conditions.
some might hnd it more convenient
•>i    desirable to   contribute   funds.
Some desired to lay the foundations
of a navy of their own. Some preferred to pay their proportion of the
eost of war vessels which would
not  be stationed on the coast line.
• lust here it cannot be overlooked
that Canadian history differs from
Ihe history ot some of the other
colonics—t'abada fought for her Independence in many ways The full
measure of autonomy we have ami
the responsible government we en-
Joy were not secured without a
struggle. Therefore, Canada is ol
necessity sensitive with respect to
paying any fixed sum of the people's
money for any object whatever, when
the people have no voice in saying
how It should he expended. Taxation, and the money derived from
taxation, In ing paid out without representation      takes    us    back    in
thought to the days of long ago
when this subject was settled for all
Canada, therefore, preferred some
other method of assisting in imperial
defence, and that method has found
expression in the bill now before the
house which has received the approval of the imperial authorities.
The conference laid this down lucidly ou page 21, as follows:
I "The main duty of the conference
las regards naval defence would he to
determine the form in which the various Dominion governments can last
participate in the burden of imperial
defence with due regard to varying
[political and geographical conditions."
| In the case of Canada it was determined that the form in which
| Camilla could best assist in imperial
defence, would lind expression in
building precisely the fleet which Sir
Wilfrid intimated to the house Canada would provide.
Another point upon which there has
been much discussion is as to the
Canadian navy being under local control in time of peace, and under control of the admiralty in time of war
Ihe first reference to this is found
on page 21, in which it is stated
that the vessels would be at the disposal of the crown in the event of
war, and the second reference is to
be found on page BS, where it says:
"It has been recogni/ed thai in
lime of war the local navy forces
should com under the general direction of the admiralty "
This Contemplates very clearly lhat
the navy should remain under local
control in time of peace. This sug-
gestl one other criticism on the part
of the opposition, which is, parliamentary authority to engage in war
Great Britain cannot gn io war
without the consent ol parliament.
Neither can Camilla go to war with
OUl the consent of the Canadian parliament, becatttfl the power of both
iii this  regard  is co-equal.
It has ben stated by the prime
minister that when Oreat Britain is
at war, Canada is at war. It follows then as a natural sequence, that
in the even! of war being declared hy
Great Britain the Canadian parliament will give the necessary authority to pass the Canadian navy into
the control of the imperial authorities. War would be an event all
would deplore, hut the course of
procedure would be as outlined here.
Tbe Whole case may be summed up in
this manner.
That the Canadian navy proposals
have the approval of the British authorities.
That the hill submitted to the
house is framed wilh a due regard to
our constitutional rights and privileges.
That our representatives in parliament, upon the Liberal side ot the
house, while indicating their loyalty
to the crown, and devotion to the
empire, are maintaining and protecting tbe constitution.
A representative South African
conference met in Bloemfoiitein recently to discuss plans and arrangements for the reception ol tbe Prince
and Princess of Wales. According
to present arrangements, their Royal
Highnesses are expected tu land at
Durban on September 0.
Both the Prince and the Princess
will pay a visit to Victoria Falls.
The Prince will go to Livingstone
for about ten days' shooting. He
will return to Cape Town at the end
of October for the opening of the
fiTst union parliament.
London, Feb. 2.—SpeaHng nt Bhet-
Held on behalf of the Colonial and
Continental Church Society, the
Archbishop nt York referred to the
position uf the Church of England In
Canada as a problem which mole
than any other would test Uu- faith
and loynlt) uf the oburch during tbe
next quarter ol   a century     it was
a problem ol winning Canada lor
Ood, which, within the next lilty or
sixty years WOUld he Ihe center of
the DHtlsh empire It there w..s
one then it would mil he London but
Ibe nation ol Canada ami the qua
lion was:
Is this great  nation to have relig-
going to be?    other rollg s bodies
going to be' Other religions bodies
were making serious and determined
efforts to answer this question. There
was the Church ol Koine, whose
energv ought to command their admiration. That church all over
Canada was buying sites and building
churches. After Home, the Uothod-
ists were nlso working with wonderful zeal, force and faith, also the
Presbyterian church, hut where did
the national church come.' It was a
had fourth, not only in numbers, hut
is showing very lew signs id torn-,
enthusiasm and vigor
RENT—Largo basement ware*
very warm   nnd dry; $10 per
Apply   at the Herald    of-
"WATER ACT, 1903."
WHEREAS "The Cranbrook ElCO-
tric Light Company, Limited," is a
company incorporated under the provisions of the "Companies Act,
lHi)7," and has been granted a certificate under the "Power Companies
Helief Act, 180JV' entitling it to the
same position as if it had been
specially incorporated as required by
Part IV. of the "Water Clauses Consolidation Act, 1887," and has been
granted a Certificate of Approval,
dated the 2nd day of May, 1907.
And whereas in compliance with
the said Certificate of Approval the
amount of capital required to be suli-
scribed was duly subscribed and
within the time stipulated and the
work approved and authorized to be
done was duly commenced and entered upon:
And whereas the said Company has
filed a petition and made application
to the Lieiitenant-Oovernor in Council for an amendment of the said
Certificate of Approval, of date the
2nd of May, 1807, such amendment to
authorize the said Company tn erect
a dam not exceeding sixty leet in
height for the purpose o( developing
water power from water in the SI
Mary's Biver, in Kast Kootenav,
and for an extension of time within
which to fully OOfflpletfl said woiK
a&d generate the said water powet
for thi' prodUOtlOD of electric power
ami all usual ami neccssaiy powers
in connection  therewith:
And whereas the plans showing the
situation of the proposed works ami
Ihe nature thcicof have been prodm
ed and filed:
This is to certify that Ihe said pro
posed works have been approved sub
ject to the provisions following:—
(a). The construction of a dam not
exceeding sixty feet in height and the
right to store water on, respectively,
St Mary'l Hiver and St. Mary's
Lake, in East Kootenay District, as
Well as storage reservoirs at the
headwaters of the st. Mary's Lake,
or at convenient points thereon, and
regulating reservoirs in connection
(b). In thn construction nf the
said dam, same is to he constructed
wilh a log chute and the Company
shall provide a boom at a reasonable
distance up-stream, or away from the
dam or works, from which connection will he made with the said
chute, nnd all persons nr corporations
engaged In driving or transporting
logs through the said chute shall ex-
efclse reasonable rare so as to at all
times prevent injury to the said dam
or works:
(c). The Company may enter upon,
take, use and occupy so much of the
lands of the Crown as may he necessary for the said works and as shown
upon the plans already tiled, paying
therefor the sum nf ten dollars per
acre and the usual fee for Crown
(Hants am) subject to paymeit by
the Company to the timber licensees
or lessees (or all timber standing
thereon where any of the same lands
are covered by timber licenses or
leases and which may he affected by
the said works:
Provided, however, that the Company shall not proceed to construct
llic dam or the dams or reservoirs
for the storage of water until the
plans and Specifications for the said
works shall have been lirst filed in
the office of the chiel Engineer of the
public Works Department and the
said plans and specifications have received the approval of the said Chief
And this is further to certify that
Hie said Company, "The Cranbrook
Klcctric Light Company, Limited,"
shall provide thr further amount   nf
capital required to fully   complete
the whole undertaking and works by
the issue of first mortgage bonds or
debentures to he issued Irom time to
time, or all at the same time In an
amount up In two hundred ami fifty
thousand dollars or sued further sum
as may  be lieccssniy  to complete Ihe
said undertaking or works
And thli is further to ccriih that
the    lime     within     which   Ibe  said
works aie   to be commenced li died
at   six  months Irom the ln.ie of the
approval ol the said plans ami spool*
Orations by the said chief Engines!
and tbe date hv which nil Ibe pro
posed  works shall be in operation is
three years from rale tb-rool
Dated  this   BOM) day ol   December,
Tiil-lt Clerk of Ihe K\eculive Council.
Tradi Manas
CopvaittHTa 4a.
anfATCHTidtni atlttrli and rtricrlt>tlnn Kibt
  - ■- *"i»h«l*-	
.- , ._ nib Mumi a OL	
WttUifioffcf, without chant, lulfat
•julcut wrenmu our »i>inn.n itM «I>*>th*n? an
ihTimni.n HMO   ""   "    	
rftUnU taken tnruiifb I
lii**mtl'in li|ifiih»hlf
ll'itilltrletlfrohl"" *
■nit frat. Olilrrt
II,.11111.■   f.WV VII
iry fiiriat-uriiig I1
Scientific American.
('■ti.uU. far. a year, iimUkb pniwld.   bold by
. Bi/U    8/flfrVP   »
&totAiu*(r> Iff
^w. lWu*>- Aiiikut
Jonr JiHi/i//vw«rw:tli.o.l3b
'*V<f kclM. jUv cvm/ pOK
Ask for Halcyon LITHIA WAIT:,!
For family lis. lliora in nolliing
to wholttflorne »inl hu imra im
S /
Uillo.'uuil Clillilroii's to bo liod nl
aonll.inon'.oan I Iitnlunl ul
Pink Mercantile Co.'s Slore
|A. H. NESeiTTf
Contractor mul liuililcr    t
Within UO days I shall apply to the
Assistant Commissioner of Lands
and Works for a license to prospect
for coal and petroloum over the following land, situate in HI nek 4593,
South Kast Koolenny, Hritish Columbia:
Beginning at a post planted at the
S. E. corner of Lot 8721 and marked
L. Morrison's N. K. corner, thence
80 chains south, thence bft chains
west, thence 80 chains north, thenco
kii chains east, to point of commencement and containing 640 acres
Hih day     of     Docembnr,
i ted
L. Morrison, Locator
■.   I    vim  .'in'  iiilrmill
Docs No5
Get Dull
A NEW ONE it it docs
..  „       loony ♦
X   bQildiiigt yon "'mi nml. I'm1)'   *
*        in- uouBultlng with ins ♦
Geo. R. Leask & Co
Our work in our advertisement, hut w>
pill tills :i ! in the HeraM in
emphanize il.
Near Lower Armstrong Aven
Woldo, B C.
I'AIJL ST. .IOIIN, Proprietor
South-east Kooienny's Great
Summer itusort
Just the place to spend a low
days1 vacation
Bnrstoaked with ibe heat
Dining service llrat>class
Oomlortablo Itooins
J I'UONB'OO. P.O. Ituxa07 ♦
The Finest Drivers
Up-to-date Rigs
W 4 i
«>    President: T.8. Gill 4 \
T    .secretary: Gaoaos Asiiwortii J I
J For Information regarding lands x
X nml   agriculture   apply   to the X '
2 Secretary, Orattbrooki It. O. e !
Good Saddle dorses ♦
I   WM.    KERR    ♦
* I'r i..l.ir     •    c'UANIll'.niiK. I: C    T
| Old Curiosity :
I     Shop     :
*    JOSEPH II   M.i.l t\. Proprietor   *
lii'iili'i in
All Clnsscs ol Second1  ♦
hand Goods
Furniture ..I All km,I. bolli
Nimv nml Bucnnil hnml
Sage's (till Stand, Han
sun Avenue
riiiivi »i
X     The  Expert Crown and      w
«$. 11 ridge Worker *>
2    Offices over Mr. Short's Well    4
♦ Taper Store J
t1! *
♦ i ♦ Armstrong wo., Cranbrook •
♦ f ♦
♦ ♦..  *
'Mi.' dndlns i mil Btore 4
OboICO II.>ili ni-.- l.etlu.e
Malaga Grapes Jap Orangei
D^llfomU n i\*■'. <lianges
Bananas   Dales    Pigs
Btewart'i I Ins ■ Ihoeolates
« i'i  W trmatron| \\<>.
♦  ■■ ii \V9 NIK |>K oItblip#»i a li   X
J    Veen »nl*pJlrw*«ltoa« %
T Will «■•. nre rua » 'in help i" u *
J        Uasavn all thi* HMKtlMfDMI '     (
z  It'i i-i OS, Urnnbrook, w
T     Y.hi pan i-Im'Ii.-. writ*, wtrr*. or mil; m
T to Mlsetlon ol labor, »t'r« alwi-yi #
T       Ind l n ■  i'i»':i.'lhtli A
♦ v" ♦
♦ Cranbrook Employment 2
X Agency ♦
w  u. n.-Hiiv. Pmmml Otnetm
Qnolnal BlOb Hmm Hi ■
Nelson's I i.iilini; Hotel
ItoomB with UnlliB.   'I'h in    |
I'M'iy room
lllirln'r Simp nn I lie prptniBM.
Thorongnly 1111111111111'.
Rales, $2 00 a day and up.
OKO. P. WKI.I.s, Froprlotor
II. l'OMKIN, Miniin-i-r
1. I.- uu.I t'lri' Incnrui      ll'.il  l-!;it.<
lllli,..'    Niai .1.11.1 In
l'n-1 OfflC.
Ciilliu in llinl li'l nn- i[inili' vim mil's
Provenzano & Sacco
General Merchants
Employment Agents
CRANBROOK     -     B. C.
P. 0. BOX 1S4 PHONE 244
Next Iii Hik  HnrntOgft  Iti'Mliilir-
ntii. Vim Home sini't, wlieia
|.»ii-oiih ni'i.v loflTB their bum-
dry, nml h lii't-i' nil  hiinlin «- will
beilnns   llrsl UnnOryln it.'',
Lmiwc ami Van Home Streets
Wltliln 00 days I shall npply to Uu
Assistant Comralssionor ol Lands
and Works for a license to prospeel
lor eoni nnd petroleum over the lol*
lowing land, situate In lllock $603,
South Goal Kootenay, British Co-
Beginning at « post planted at ihe
S. W. corner of the K. L. Fiulcy coal
and in-11oleum claim, ami marked
Louisa Taylor's S. ]■'., corner, thenee
80 chains north, thence Stl chains
west, theme Ml chains south, thence
fit) chains east to point of commencement and containing 040 acres.
Located nth tiuy of December,
47-Ot* Louise Taylor, Locator.
Within UO days I shall apply to the
Assistant Commissioner of Lauds
and Works for a license to prospect
fur coal and petroleum over the following land, situate in lllock 4593,
South Kast Kootenay, Hritish Columbia:
Beginning at a post planted at the
S. W. corner of the E. L. Finley
coal and petroleum claim and marked
.lean Taylor's N. E. corner, thence
HO chains south, thence 80 chains
west, thence 80 chains north,'thence
Ml chains east to point of commencement ami containing 010 acres.
Located   11th   day   of   December,
47-Ct* .Jean Taylor, Locator,
Within 60 days I shall apply to the
Assistant Commissioner of Lands
ami Works for a license to prospect
for coal and petroleum over the following land, situate in Block 450:1,
South East Kootenay, British Columbia:
Beginning at a post planted at the
S. W. corner of the K. I.. Finley
coal and petroleum claim and marked
Wm. Taylor's N. W. comer, thence
HO chains south, thence 80 chains
east, thence SO chains north, thence
{j0 chains west to point of commencement and containing 040 acres.
Located   nth   day ol   December,
lf*6t' Wm. Taylor, Locator.
Notice is hereby given that thirty
(M) days after date I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of
Lands ami Works for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum over
the following lands, situated in
Block 4693,   South     Fast Kootenay,
British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted at
(be N. W. corner of Lot 8720,
Group l. being the S. W. corner of
11 Cumin's claim, thence SO
chains north, Ihence SO chains east,
Ihence 80 chains south, thence 80
Chains west to point of beginning,
Containing 640 acres, more or less.
Located  this 7th day of December,
17 Bt* II. Gorman, Locator.
thai 30 days after dale I intend to
apply to the Honorable Chief Com- ;
missioner of Lands lnr a license to I
prospect for coal and petroleum on !
the following described lands:
Starting at a post planted at or
near the south-east corner of Ertna
Walling application in Lot 4503,
Flathead District, B. C, thence 8U
chains south, thence 80 chains west,
thenee 80 chums north, thenco 80
chains east to place ol coniineiice-
Dated this 4th day "I September,
Georgia M. Walling, Local r,
c. E. Kunsob, Agonl
Witness; A   G. Stall
How Gold Dredges Get the Gold
that SO day. alter date 1 Intend to
apply in iiir Honorable Clilcl Com-
iiii.ssniiii-r nf l.iiinis for a license i(i
proipecl lor coal and petroleum on
tin1 following desorlbod lands:
Starting at a i>"si planted at or
iirur Hit1 siiuili-east corner ol Georgia M. Walling application in Lot
1593, Flathead District, ll. C,
thenco 80 chains smiiii, thence nn
chains west, thence so chains north,
thdnee so chains east to place of
Dated this ith day ol September,
Kllcn M. Walling, Locator,
0. E. Kunsch, Agent.
Witness: A. fl. Stall. IT-i;t
Is prepared to supply help, skilled or
unskilled, on shortest possihlc notice; to find employment and guarantee positions when sent out; to
rent houses nnd rooms and tn sell
you fruit lands or other property for
a small commission.
Address:-W. Parker, .iii Baker St.'
NELSON, B.C.        48-iat
Motloe is hereby given that sixty
days after date George 1\ Hale,     of
Vancouver, Accountant, will apply to
tho Chief Commissioner of Lauds and
Works, Victoria, for permission to
purah&M an island in the Kootenay
River, containing eighty (SO) acres,
more or less,:
CotiMiteneing nt a post planted at
bead nf island, nhout 2<l chains
SOUtll easteily     (mm   the     norlh-east
corner ol Lol tcci, thonce southerly
Mt chains, more or less, following
west shore of said island, thenee
northerly Ht chains, more or less,
following cast shore of said island to
point of commencement.
Geo,  IV Hale, Locator,
per .lames White, Agent.
Dated 6th December, most.     47-ot
TA K E NOTICE that Francis
Cartwright I,awe, of the City of I
Fernle, in the Province ot British
Columbia, Solicitor, intends to apply
for permission lo purchase the fol-
towlns described lands:
Commencing at a point on the
north boundary of the A. .1. Far-
quharson purchase nhout twenty-
three (2-1) chains west ol the Elk i
River and about twenty (20) chains
north of District Lot 6080, thence
north twetih'-iiinc (29) chains, more
or less, to the west bank ol the
Elk River, thence down stream thlr-
tv-two (.'12) chains, more or less, to
a point twenty (20) chains north
from Ihe north homidarv ol said
Lot 110.10, Group One (1). Kootenay
District, thenco west twentv-three
fJW) chains, more or less, to point of
commencement. :
Dated this   26th day of   November. ■
] 1)1)1). 4t-lt
Francis C. i,awe.
that 30 days afler date I Intend to
apply to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on
the following described lands:
Starting at a post planted XII
chains, more or less, cast of northeast corner of Geo. W. Lamson application in Lot 4503, Flathead District, II. C, thence K0 chains south,
thenco 80 chains west, tlicncc 81)
chains north, thence M) chains east
to place of commencement.
Dated this lith day of Septemher,
Gilbert T. Ilninill, Locator,
0. E. Kunsch, Agent.
Witness: A. tl. Stall. 47-Gt
that 30 days after date I intend to
apply to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on
the following described lands:
Starting at a post planted at or
near the south-east corner nt Gilbert
T. Hamill application in Lot 4593,
Flathead District, li. C, thence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains west,
tlicncc 80 chains north, thence 80
chains east to place of commencement.
Dated this lith day of September,
Thos. E. Hacklier, Locator,
O, E. KunSChj Agent.
Witness: A. CJ. Stall. 47-Ct
that 30 days after dale I intend to
apply to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on
the following described lands:
Starting at a post planted at or
near the south-east corner ot Thos.
E. Buckncr application in Lot
4693, Flathead District, B. C,
thence 80 chains south, thence 80
chains west, thence 80 chains north,
thence 80 chains east to place of
Dated this tub day of September,
Pauline II. Partridge, Locator
C. E. Kunsch, Agent.
Witness: A. O. Stall. 47-6t
that 30 days after date I intend to
apply to the Honorable Clue! Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on
the following described lands:
Starting nt a post planted at or
near south-cast corner of Pauline 11
Partridge application In Lot 1698,
Flathead District, H. ('., thence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80
chains cast to place, of commencement.
Dated this (ith day of September,
Fred II. Davis, Locator,
C. E.  Kunsch, Agent.
Witness: A. G. Stall. 47-Ct
that 30 days after date I intend to
apply to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on
the following described lands:
Starting at a post planted at or
near the smith-cast corner of Fred
II. Davis application in Lot -159:1,
Flathead District, It C, thence 80
chains south, thenee 8(1 chains west,
thence 80 chains north, thenee 80
chains cast to place ol commencement.
Dated this fith day of September,
Franklo G. Walling, Locator,
C. E. Kunsch, Agent.
Witiieaa:  A. G.  Stall. 47-Rt
The deep lull* and ur-r-l mounh'M of tlie Kl'indiicc R'-'inn give
tire lo nurnbcilcss nn.ill (Itu-ims. win.it become Imiii time lo time
willi the nicllin« ol die mowt -the clouduuitU and heavy uini Lo
which die coualiy i-i «iljjc:l - jawing loifcnti.
The grinding ol die clacicti and l!te eratioa <>f these turlmleni
itfeami bring down roclu, und and gravel (ion the mountain deplh*
nnd {.iitncrici where man hai never yet penetrate '■
In a rc-;i(in where led^M ol Golii-bcarini Quaitt arc a prominent
fi- lureiolhe hrmation, ii nnitunl lint these forces ol Nature ihould
Icr awry qwnClici ol exceedingly rich nuleri.il,
'i liis pjuct"-, Jjaa been (joins on l"f ajc;. i !i: l.iJJe.i iloici of
ColJ nway in die hilli ore inexhami.'ble.
The null '■! the torreati i; m Im^luoui il^t even boulder* ol
conrideribla irze are borne h theli courtOtind only whan Nature
i, H • n nl henell do ihey lind a reailn; pi ice.
'i he brood cieei    tii- wider, leacha al the river   quid tbe
(•inm, and  llir   (Sold,   in  die form ol nut^eti,   j>raini  and   flaJuH,
i pidly Ktilet, Cold i' very heavy heavier than ihe rock itself, and
i e ii a ti pi . lifii down ihroujh the light iuiIjcc mud
and und until, by I in eol I Invity, ii raaeha l«J rock.
\\ hi n ihe i iui es ol icanuhavebeea h inged,thsricne*l Placer
N!inci me lound i i theli ol 11* I Bul 11 lha I ■; [er, comtjnt itreami,
lln e rich darpoaJb ire be) ndlheruchoiinerelyhurnjuaQeiKiei,
It remalni lot the Gold Dtedgc following die heavy nugget*
and partklet of Cold down i!.i"': h the ovwlying mala in the ban
nnd bcnthei i,l ll.<! livtr, l> tecOVCl iKwo ilotci ul GulJ from lite
licatitie-hotiieof Nature.
'I he l"tn( nr tn j ut lha I lie,'!;-?, with I'icir cndleti efiain* ol bucket
icoopi, furen down, down intouih tixty feel ol water, land and
rjnvel, 11 need be—uqiil lha Gold iedimenti and finally l>ej rock iueif,
olien overlaid with nn actual eoverlel ol pure Gold —the hoarded
accumulatli n of ceniuries—h reached.
*I he Gold Dre !;e l>rin :* j,i tliit irMlerUI i-i wiioleialc quanlilie*
- lieitl It wilh (cic.itiiic accuracy to   lave   the   hneil   particle*  of
v lire wpamlM lha iron—end [or lha first time lay* baie to the bind
ti. men thii ViijinGolJ.
Vv Kile  pcrst,nally  pipwnt  on our properly at Stewart  River,
Yukon Territory, Kloncjike, September lit, | aw wilh my own
eye* a clean-up from our flrtt Kill Uiulltl dred;;e, ncltinij $)17.50,
and  this WOI preceded only a  few diyi by ftnothcl clean-up from
Ibe Mflio dredge amounllni lo $1283,86 in Gold.   I uw ihl* Gold,
rilhercd Irom the golJ-UVing laLki of our Drcdi'c, i;ioulded into
bullion-■ wild bar of Gold.
Willi HU li refills in light, we are bending BWry elfoil lo gel twenty
of llirsc mammoth I'red;;cs at work on our property.    I Iii* luiiimer,
our tecond dredge went on—larger and ilrongei than the lif»t-a»d i*
already at work.
We control hy d?f«-t Ici*e lioni lite Canadian Gnvernmrnl, One
I lundred and Five (ft)j) mil« ol Diedgable Gravel on llic Stewait
River, eighty rnilei from Dawson City, m   ihe   Klondike.    We   have
te,'*d (hegravel thoroughly with Dull*, and it ha* been proven rich
throUffhout, At a matter ol facl, llic tilcol our holdingl wa» recognized,
even before the Cold Rwli in 18'W. to be rich in Gold-it ii a
matter ol public record that die Gold i* llicic -bul so located ai to be
difficult to obtain by any hand method. An J I* if ly die J j« could
nol ciliiuil tiii* atea in a Hundred year;
Willi a proposition w rich, llic payment of dividends and the
continued work of development can easily go hand in Inn J.
To hurry thii work ol development now, we arc matkeling Ttea*-
Ury Stock in oui Company.    Three lliousand ilockholdcrs, many oi
ti'.cm weli-known in the Canadian country, are alicady on our book*.
1 tit* neccuily lor Capital -a  Dtedje coil* upward* of $100,000
furnishe*yournppor!uiity to participate in a wonderfully rich venlure.
OurCompany iilormed of lliepi :kol broad-minJed butineii men
■Governor 0o'ilvie, oi the Yukon I etdton luwwnand respected by
the whole Canadian country, at in head It n tvan.imKjtly managed,
wilh no lalaned official), no Bondi, and HO Preferred Slock.
Bu! ihe whole itory i* told in our illij-tMiej PrOlpaEhn.     The
Coupon will bung it to you.    Ti.e Kj pi]   .     I.     i 111 out and
nail the Coupon la-day.
Gold Drvdyvs arv muklmj millions.
Yukon Basin Gold Drcdgi&g Co.,
G. W. Clawson, Treas
649 Somerset Buildin-.
I '■..'
..;.. togeprt*
pakt, y . t large
Booklet en Gaid
Dredgu Ipertkif
:.:•.- .    - turn ■■ .      ;• is
. ■ tent od that 11 fatfon
whateveri. «J _ . ^ request*
i ♦
♦        1NTEUEST1NG ITEMS      J
Tltc cily COStCt is doomed, tin:
court ol aldermen having tortnally
approved tho new rogulationa BUggcs-
i*d by lliu comiiiissioiii'! of police under the City of London Street Traffic Act, 1009. These arc lo the effect that no "cosloEinongcr, street
hawker or Itinerant trader'' may
"enter or remain in" tho main
streets Of the city for business purposes between nine in the morning
and seven in the ovcnlng. Nor may
he ".stand or loiter on London
Sotithwarh, or Hlaelifiiars Bridges"
between eight in ihe morning and
eight at night. The home secretary's sanction is all lhat is needed
for these rules to he put i»t<> force
Returns ol pauperism just issued
show that on J&rluary l ol this yeai
there were 0,058 fewer paupers ii
London than there wire on the cor
responding date last year. In November, 1005, just before the last
government took office, the percentage of pauperism in London was 27.2,
and the present rate, which is only
25.3 per 1,000, is the lowest for tin-
past six years. Ol "casuals" the
figures show 1,128 In 1007, 1,087 in
1008, 024 in 1.800, and 010 in 1010,
So here we have also a substantial
decrease, in West I Iain alone there
has been a decrease of 1,183 paupers
since 1008.
Explosions from fire damp account for some of the most prominent features pf the latest home office
returns relating to collieries. Statistics of accidents which wire issued
recently show there wete during 1808
twenty underground explosions ol
lire damp nr coal dust, causing -2T
deaths, and no fewer than 188 ol
these deaths were in the County ol
Durham, the dreadful calamity at
West Stanley being Chiefly responsible. In all, the colliery accidents
Great Ilritain and Ireland during
the year amounted to 1,178, an increase of thirt.y-.dRht over the figures
for the preceding year. The total
number of deaths resulting from thcsi
accidents was 1,1-17, an Increase ol
131*. other underground accidenl -
were 57$ falls of ground, muHng G02
deaths; sixty-live ■di.i.t accidents,
causing eighty-two death?; and 388
accidents ol a miscellaneous riwuc-
resulting In 106 deaths, The
total number ol deaths trom underground accidents was 1,817, the remaining 180 deaths being caused by
accidents on the surface, in metal.
Itferous   mines    there  were  thirty*
elghl   fatal accidents la   thl   0OD1 -   ol
the year, an Increase ol two, the
number of deaths resulting therefrom
being forty in the quarries ut the
United Kingdom there were eighty-
three fatal accident-., OI UVOfl few»l
than there were in the preceding
year. The number ol deaths caused
thereby was eighty-four, a decrease
ol eight.
The twenty-fifth distribution under
the profit-sharing scheme at Sir William Hartley's jam works al Alntree,
Liverpool, has just taken place, ami
£4080 has been divided, making a
total since the beginning of £58,870.
Sit William announced that he would
add £500 to tin- pension fund, which
lie started a year ago with a donation of £5000. Though he considered that workpeople should contribute
to such a fund, he Intended to lind all
ihf money himself, so that no complications should arise, lie would,
if possible, add to it from war la
Mrs Voulden, ol Marldon, Devon
shire, will shortly celebrate the completion of    twenty-live years' service
,s letter earner at Maildon, a village mid-way between TOtlttS, S*CW-
.on     Abbot,   nnd     Torquay,  and near
the noted ruins of Cimipton Castle.
For upwards ol a quarter of a cen-
ury she has walked on each week-
lay seven miles, ami has accomplished ovor   60,000 miles since si,.- was
Lppomtfid to the post. She [| still
ialc and hearty
N'ol a single death occurred In the
parish of I-Iolwell, Dorsetshire, during the past year. So far as can 1*
ascertained   (loin   a   search      "f      the
registers   dating back to 1853, thli
: is a record without precedent The
nearest    approach   to II In thi
century was in  the years  1818 arid
INti.'i, in each of which tim ih-.i'l • ■ ■ -
curred.     The population at  stu Ia '
census was 388.
The U'\. Michael p Baxter
founder ami proprietor ol the "Christian Herald," better known a<
"Prophet Baxter," has died at his
house in Highbury, X., at the age of
78 lie was a clergyman of the
Church of England who once held a
curacy in Canada. He life yaa devoted in the main to a study ol the
prophetic Scriptures, especially the
books of Daniel ami tbe Revehtt)
from which he deducted all sorts of
theories with regard to the end I
the world and the partition of Ear-
Ope. Occasionally be had to alter
his dates, bul so far none of his predictions have come true. His later-
years were devoted mainly to philanthropy in a practical form, and he
carried out many of his works in
such a quiet way that few knew ol
l hem.
J. c. DREWRVS SI Ci-\:><.
A remarkable Illustration ol bosJ
farming pays in the fertile prairie
provinces is afforded by a letter w
the editor of the Manitoba Free
Press. The writer is .Mr. I. I).
Drewry, of Cowley, Alberta, who
June, 1008, purchased a quarter section of land lying about three.quarters of a mile north of Cowley station, paying (3000 cash for the 160
acres. He says: "One hundred and
forty-five acres had been cropped [or
three years. I Immediately saramer-
fallowed this US acres, and the first
ek of August,   1808, I  seeded it  lo
Alberta red [all wheat. This yeai
I harvest* d and threshed a little ovei
u bushels to the acre, the yield from
the 11.1 acres being 6,155 bushels. I
.flipped this wheat to Port William,
and sold   it through Thompson, Sons
uni Co., of Winnipeg, receiving   Irom
hem their cheque lnr 88096 It. I
keep  strict iii count ol my expen •■
atid the total 00 '        ol
ttai vi '
tiii;, threshing, and loading on
oai amounted to tl335, leaving me i
profit of 88181 11. 11. OtbeJ
word-. the place paid («ir itsell in one
year and gave a profit of over $700
besides     Nor is this all     Tins tall
I sold the place to Wm. Dwyer, an
American from     Missouri, for t4000,
ir Mono more tlKin I Rave for it    in
dune ol lasi year     I had the    I «
rented for eight months at fl" a
month, so that taking it altogethei
I had a profit clear of all taxes,   nr
ai ranee, and expense of over SIKuii
in sixteen months—from sn origin*!
investment of 83000 And yet there
are some people foolish enough to
think th.it (arming don't pay! Ai
present my ranch comprises 1080
acres, of which l»(i is under cultivation.     I have 172 acres in fall wheat
seeded   last     August)   and  it  looks
ixtra good. Southern Alberta is all
rijiht, and if anyone can beat the record of the Cowley district, trot out
the proof."
A quantity of first-class pralrlo hay
for sale at a reasonable price. Apply lo .1, li. MoConkey, Cayloy, Alberta. 4S-4t
far,wiawej::,vcmi. emtnam— •
I :- ICIim rVND Lilt kCH I
Obbw :.sr I,...>i.i. Nn  88
Cranbrook* IL C
sleets   ever] ...  al I p.m. at
I  Ball
.i  m  Sort -  c c
.1   I.   walker, K. ol It. A S.
\   .' irdlally Invited
■   .-.■- ■
Iimi.f , Ki:i CITY LODGE, No. 42
Meets every Monday
New Fraternity Hall. So-
.   .:   : , Odd! sll]   invited.
ft*. M. Harris, c   J. Little,
N   O.
*.r«nn-...k   LM|t, h*M
(.P.fta, M.
RectMtti  'ntn-Jia
','/ < ii*  ***j\   moetM.
- «
Viaititg jrt-tb to welcomed.
Vi. H. Wilson. W. M.
E. w. GoanoUy, aecretary.
Cranbrook Aerie  967
Meet every   Ptidaj    .■.■:..■* at 8
.m., ia Carmen s Hall
K. w. Reeves, ff. P.
V*m. Anderson, Secretary.
VlstUng bretbrea coruutiy inuted.
LOYAL URANGB L()iw;t. \t>. ia71
Meet al li   of L f. Hall .:.:   «ird
ua Saterday not) motjih
flatting tretiwt-L always welcome
Abel Horsmdi.. V*. AI.
Jos. WatJaoe, Secretary.
No. V*.
Meets every stcorid and   (oartll Wed-
:    ..;.  at Fraternity Hall,
i ordiaUy invited.
L  M  Tsnnhsoter, ft, o.
Has Ohapmao, Secretary
KII'I  I   fEMi'LE NO, 18.
kfi  ' i ral rolt)  Hal] Fust and
.   i   1:. la]
Hat  .  B ■■-: ■!    K.  E.
Anoie B ;■■      i.   ol it   A 8.
Visiting .■■■:   ■ irdlally Invltad,
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦4 v>« »♦♦♦*>
i Prcsbytci ian Church::
♦   "
» "
♦ 91 I i BD KBHV icks      ;;
♦ Bumlmf mdnrts^j servut ..i 11 °
o'clutk ,.
Sin,<l.ii BfMlttg ".nrvite at ' '
: in o'clock ] '
Sumlay School and llilile * >
* i..1.. al S o cl.K:k ' '
Pr«bft«rl.n (luild, Tur.d.v, * >
al n o'clock ' '
♦ *
jffiaptist Clnucbij
:w Pastor,  Charles W.  King. 41
Parsonage, Norbury Avenue.     <»
a> 'Phone, 284.     r. 0, Box 287.
Regular Services:—Sunday, 11 \
a.m.    and    7.30   p.m.;    Hible i
■ School    with     Young   Ladies' i
I'liilethea    and     Young   Men's i
liitdr Class, 3 p.m. J
Wednesday. Mid Week Meeting. J
Friday,   Youur    Peoples',   I,
. p.m. i
A n.rdial   Christian weicotoa i
to all.
—    at TUB   CUANItitOOK.    II Kit ALU
Albert VUard, tho Liberal candidate was on Saturday elected by b
majority ol !•">* over tho Conservative candidate, Dr. Chabot, to represent tho Ottawa seat in the Commons, rendered vacant by the decision Ol Sir Wilfrid Laurier to hold
his Quebec Boat In tbo house. Mr.
Allard's victory by a majority of
33 larger than tho inline minister at
the elections ol 1008, is a significant
Indication o! tho laci that In tho
mixed French and English Bpeaktng
population In the capital, public
opinion Is behind tho government's
naval policy as opposed to the opposition policy ur^eil during tho campaign,   advocating,     tl gh,     In a
vague sort ol way, a larger, a more
direct and a more immediate con tribal Ion tn the Imperial navy.
Mi All.itd camo out squarely and
unequivocally in favor of the naval
policy ns announced by Sir Wilfrid
Recent reports announce that Karl
Car ring ton, erstwhile president of the
board of agriculture in the ABquith
ministry, is destined to succeed Earl
Grey as Governor-General ol Canada.
An official associate ol Earl Car-
ringtou has given lo the press this
estimate ol our next governor general
"Canada may he congratulated
If you searched the leaders on both
sides id Hritish politics you would
not lind a man more likely to suit
Canada better He is t;: years old,
yet sprightly in mind and body, lie
is an Intimate of the King and hereditary lord great chamberlain uf
England, yel the most acceptable
president  the National  Liberal    club
ever bad. lie is the owner of 230,-
000 acres, yel no one knows hettei
how   tn make thr smallest  farmer his
friend than the firs I minister of agriculture He used to hold weekly at
homes      here  in  London,   where a
warm welcome was given to everj
visiting farmer whatever his politics
He really loves the countryman, lie
is a good speaker, yel precise nnd
the most businesslike manager of »
club or political meeting I ever knew;
perhaps !,»■ is rather <|tnck tempered
and a hltle apt   to hr stubborn when
unconvinced, hut is quick in perception and has plenty of tact and bonhomie.     You remember what friends
he made with the visiting colonial
premiers in pntT. Moreover he was
governor of New South Wales und
sat some years in the house of commons, 1 sincerely hope Mr. Asquith will select him for Canada as
he will make one of your best governor generals, Incomparably better
lhati others, whose names have been
suggested "
following are expected to take part:
Hon Cliflord Siflou, chairman of the
imissioii of conservation; Hon.
,lairs Allard, minister of lands and
mines, (juebec, lion W. c. ll. Grhn-
 -, surveyor general ol New Brunswick; Dr. H E. Per now, dean ol the
Paculty of Forestry, t'niversity ol
Toronto, Mr. A. E Sterling, forester of Pennsylvania railroad, Mr VY.
. , .1. Hall, superintendent of the
Bureau of Forestry, Quebec; Prof.
Gordon Tower, ol (he University of
Maine; Prof. It. It. Miller, of ihe I ni-
versity of New Brunswick, and others.
The Liberals won the election at
Wlcksburgh, which was polled on
Tuesday, from tin- Unionists, so they
will have just one more member in
the new house than the Unionists,
the respective Btandlng being: Liber
als, 271; I nionlsts, 27-'t The return
of two fl'Bricnltcs lor the north d
vision and west division of Cork n
spedivHy iui Wednesday completes
thr      Irish   elections. Out   of 8!
Nationalists in ihe new house a do//
en of them are followers of William
With tin- Labor vote and the Nationalists, the Asquith ministry have
an assured majority. Premier As-
qulth and Lloyd-George are now re-
ouperatfng on the continent.
Hon Mr Graham, minister of
railways, made the following announcement in the house the other
day in reference to the Hudson Bay-
railway  project.
Tin- Hudson Bay railway will be
taken in hand at once. The work
will proceed un two Hues < I > A
vote will appear in the supplementary estimates to enable the actual
building ol tho railway to be commenced from the Pas Mission northwards, (2) another vote will enable
Ihe marine and fisheries department
to send a steamer to examine the
Straits, the ehannel and the two
harbors, Churchill and Nelson. For
the lirst 800 miles ihe course nf   the
railway will in-    unaffected by the
ultimate choice of terminal, so that
these lines of  work ean proceed sim-
Upon the invitation of the government of New Brunswick Hie eleventh
annual convention of the Canadian
Forestry association for the consideration of forestry problems will be
held      in   the      legislative    buildings,
Fredoricton,    N.   B . on Wednesday
and Thursday, February 23rd and
21th. The sessions will he opened
at in a.m. on the 23rd by addresses
from the representatives of the
government, municipal, educational
and commercial institutions, etc
In ndil 11ion to the president, Mr.
Thomas Southworlh, nml the vice-
president,  Hon   W   C   Edwards, the
► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 4
> ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦«
The Far Kast continues to live up
to its modern reputation fur lightning changes. Yesterday the doom
of Chinese opium smoking was pronounced, today the ubiquitous barber
is actively employed relieving tho
soldier of his ancient glory, his pigtail. What with the steady abolition of the foot-binding, the extension of secondary education for ladies
in all directions, and the establish-
n.eul of newspapers for their special
benefit, we may next expect lo hear
id the formation In China of leagues
lnr giving votes for women when the
new parliamentary constitution becomes a reality' At any rate, the
awakening ol China is a reality. The
number of men students has just
been estimated at 200,000, while
Japan is multiplying facilities for
helping comparatively poor young
Chinamen to obtain an up-to-date university education at Toklo, Kobe,
and other cities, and thus prevent
the waste of lime and money involved in going to the I lilted Slates.
And when the Chinaman has acquired
sufficient ability to dispense with Japan's aid in this respect, the vasl-
ness  uf   the possibilities of   the     Far
East will he more keenly appreciated
than it is al present.
(Continued from page one.)
mayor's address, clause hy clause,
at the next session of the council.
Several communications were next
taken up. The attorney-general
wrote in reference to the proposed
extension of the city limits for police purposes, Intimating that there
would he no objection, providing the
city gave a guarantee that they
would accept responsibility for the
tare of epidemics that might break
out in the new territory. This proviso had reference to the course pursued by the municipality of Fernie,
which had repudiated responsibility
for expenses Incurred in connection
with an epidemic that had occurred
m extra-municipal territory under
'he supervision of Hie city police.
City Solicitor Thompson explained
the situation, and upon his advice it
was resolved, on the motion of Aid.
Green and Patmore, to refer the
matliT lo the city solicitor with
power to act.
A communication from the board of
trade, re removal of paper from hack
yards, was referred to the Fire and
police committee.
A communication from S. H. Hos-
l»ins, secretary of the school board,
gave an itemised statement of the
public school estimates lor the ensuing year, amounting to a total of
811,152.39. On motion of Aid. Patmore and Campbell this communication was referred to the Finance
A communication from C. E. Mor-
titt, asking for a renewal of the
city's contribution in aid of the city
hand, was also referred id the Finance committee, the opinion being
unanimously expressed that in the
event of the asked fur aid being
granted, the baud should hold its
public concerts in the hand stand adjoining the provincial government
A communication from the secretary of the lire department, giving a
list of the newly elected officers tor
the ensuing year, occasioned a
lengthy discusssioii. Aid. Hunt reported that he had been appointed
hy the hoard of trade one of a committer, of which W. H. Wilson was
the other member, to wait upon the
fire department and endeavor lo effect an amicable arrangement where-
by Mayor Fink, who for so many
vears has had charge of the city lire
brigade, should he given power to
act, In the event of a serious outbreak of (Ire on Baker street, he being, by the recent election ol officers,
appointed honorary Ore chief, without power to act, a situation which
many of the largest property owners
viewed with considerable alarm. Aid.
Hunt said that unfortunately his
mission had not been successful; the
firemen, whilst properly appreciative
of Mayor Fink's past services, seemed to he of the opinion that the
board of trade's proposal meant a
division of authority, which would
prove unworkable.
Mayor Fink remarked that he wished it to be distinctly understood
that he had personally rci|iiested not
to be re-elected chief, in view of his
duties as mayor, but that ho had
intimated a desire, in view of his
long connect inn with the department, to be retained in a position
that would permit ol his representing the department at the coming
conference of firo chiefs, to be held
in this city next September,
Alter further discussion the matter
was laid ovei to be taken up   at   a
Furniture   Department
We wish to thank our many customers for there Liberal Patronage
during our recent sale, as it was an overwhelming success. But, do not
think that we have gone out of business just because our sale is over. We still lead
with the Finest Stock, and best Prices in the west. Inspection and comparison invited.
Our stock in this line is better than ever, and the prices, well, just
ask the furniture man.
Of every kind and description, Elm, Surfaced Oak, Birch Mahogany,
Ash Oak, Quarter Cut Oak, Mahogany, and Birds Eye Maple.
We have only a few, they run from 4 yds up, and you can get
them for just a little more than a song.
Talk about saving money, if you REALLY wish to lay up
treasures for YOURSELF come and see us.
• >, .
,., .
. >< I
• >< .
.,, .
I I. I
• >. .
• ., ,
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I, I,
special meeting of the council to be
held tomorrow (Friday) evening.
Reports of committees were the next
order of business. Before that was
proceeded with, it was decided to
deal with the question of the salary
of Acting Superintendent of Water
Works, K. Baldwin, ami on motion of
Aid. Hunt and Patmore it was resolved that from January 1st his
-.alary should be increased from $ha
per month to $100 net.
The report ol the finance committee was then disposed of, accounts to
the amount of $10,015.51, being ordered paid.
In accordance with the amended
bylaws. Mayor Fink nominated the
following as the water works committee: Aid. Johnson, Hunt and Patmore, they to select their own chairman. This committee will have full
charge of the water works, replacing
the two committees that heretofore
have been in charge.
City .Solicitor Thompson in reference to a question affecting the care
of sick and destitute persons, which
had been referred to him. Mr.
Thompson stated that lie had taken
the matter up with Government
Agent Armstrong, and that the latter had agreed to refer to the provincial authorities for favorable consideration the following proposal,
vi/.: the city to accept responsibility
Tor citizens leaving Cranbrook tor a
period id 30 days and the provincial
authorities to accept responsibility
for people coining into the city from
outside points for a similar period.
This disposition of the question
found general endorsement and on
motion the matter was left with tbe
city solicitor, with power to act.
Alderman Hunt brought up the
question of the installation of city
scales, intimating that he had correspondence with the Fairbanks company on the'subject. This matter
will he disposed of at the next council meeting.
Bylaw No. 70, entitled street
grades bylaw No. 2, on motion of
Aid Campbell and Green, was then
taken up and passed through its
various stages.
On motion of Aid. Hunt and Patmore similar action was taken with
bylaw No. 71. entitled Temporary
Loan     bylaw, 1010. This   bylaw
authorizes the city to raise a loan of
$7,500 in anticipation of revenues for
the current year, nt a rate of interest not exceeding ti per cent.
Alderman Hunt, under thr head ol
new business, raised the question of
the advisability of having the telephone and electric light poles removed from Haker street to the lanes.
He Intimated that Maurice Qua in,
superintendent of the Telephonr and
Kleetric Light companies, bad expressed willingness to make such removal, providing the city gave a
guarantee that no one else would he
allowed to erect poles on Baker
street. This subject, involving sev-
eral important questions, was laid
over for further discussion until the
special meeting to be held tomorrow
night Mayor Fink brought to the
attention of the council the matter
"f turning over to tho public school
trustees the city fire bell and installing in its place a suitable
tie.    The school trustees   would
dermen generally voicing the opinion
that it was high time a curfew bylaw was enforced in Cranbrook.
Council adjourned at 11.20 p.m. to
meet in special session at S o'clock
tomorrow evening.
use the hell f(,r school purposes nnd
it might nlso be utilized for curfew
purposes. This latter suggestion
met with   general approval, the al
February filh.
Children's service at II a.m. Special talk to boys and girls, with
blackboard illustrations. All
children und their parents invited.
Sunday school and Hible classes at
3 p.m.
League prayer service at 7 p.m.
Kvening service at 7.80 p.m. Subject for discourse: "Daniel Before the
Tuesday—Debate, under the auspices of the literary department of
the Epworth League. Subject: "lie-
solved That in the Interests of Social Progress Women Should Vote."
Monthly offering will he taken. All
are invited to attend; this subject is
of world-wide interest, and a profitable evening is anticipated.
Thursday—Church prayer service at
H p m.
Friday—Choir practice at K p. m.
Public worship, ll a.m. and 7.30
p.m., Mihle school at A p.m.; Men's
Baraca class, Ypung Ladies' I'hile-
thca class. Classes for everybody.
Studies in the Life of Christ. Morning service subject: "Tempted but
Triumphant," a sermon in n series
on "The Crisis ol the Christ." The
Lord's Supper nt the close. Evening subject: "Jacob's Wrestle and
His Crown." Good singing, free
seats. A cordial Christian welcome
to all.
There will be a llaraca club debate
on Tuesday al H p.m. at the hone of
Mr. and Mrs. John Leask, Maker
street, to which all young men are
invited. Subject: "Should Canada
Own and Build a Navy."
The mid-week meeting for prayer
and praise on Wednesday nt x p tn.
In   the    junior     series    tbe Clover
Leav,s scored the victory    over
Thistles last Monday night  in
gymnasium.      in a test match
Tuc-tda)  night    > llaptlsts wu
(Ood game Irom the Methodists
Church league schedule, which is he-
Ing arranged ou Thursday night,
promises to he one of the best in the
history of     the       gym. All      the
churches are being asked lo send n
tenm, and the Wilson cup will he
are invited. All who are interested
are invited to attend a meeting in
the gym reading room on Thursday
night at 8..'10. Ladies will M admitted free to all Ihe matcivs with
the probable exception of the finnl
game. A list will be inhllshed
shortly with the full program of the
Fancy grape fruit at Fink's Pure
Food Hroccry.
A fellow always determines to
practice economy when he has nothing left to save.
A fatal wreck occurred at
WIlOOpup, ten miles southwest of
lethbridge, on the abandoned Crows
Nest line, about 2 o'clock Monday afternoon.
A work train with a gang was
tearing down the old bridge. The
train was standing on the bridge,
with a narrow ridge separating them.
The men were working on ihe bridge,
and had a few joints loose on the
bridge further west, when the whole
bridge collapsed, and almost simultaneously the bridge on either side
went down, taking with it the engine, tender and several cars, while
the balance of the train went down
on the other bridge.
One man was jammed between two
ears and killed immediately. Another, a foreigner, was badly crushed,
and is nearly dead. Others, Including Engineer Munroe, whose engine
turned completely over with him,
were badly injured.
All the doctors of Lethbridge were
quickly on the scene with nurses
from the hospitals.
Word was received in town today , through Engineer Askcy, that
George Munroe, the engineer, was
progressing favorably. Mr. Munroe
is well known in this city, having resided here up to a few years ago,
when he was transferred to Lethbridge.
It's all right to have "rest
rooms" and all that sort of thing in
our factories, but we opine that the
average workingman would prefer u
wage scale that would permit him to
have a few of those "welfare" comforts in his own home.
(Continued from page one.)
mineral claims, which heretofore
have been taxed as wild lands, will
hereafter be assessed as real property, while improvements, etc., on
lands held under license or lease
from the crown will be assessed on
personalt) This ground is taken in
order that a fair contribution to
revenue may be made hy the numerous mills established on limber
lensi-s or lands held under license
The ground has heretofore been taken
by the mill men lhat their mauulac
tunes, being elected on crown owned
laud, could not be taxable, even if
they represented a value ol a million
of money and earned proportionate
incomes. The rearrangement of the
assessment in this respect is to overcome the legally sound contention.
As it is intended to make the new
legislation operative forthwith, but
as the assessment rolls nre now
complete for the past year, si"'ion
10, which applies to discounts, Is in
the nature of an equalization to enable reductions proportionate to
those contemplated under Ihe changes
outlined to be enjoyed in payment of
current taxes, the rate of discount
allowed on payment ol IfllO taxation
before the With of June being 25 per
cent instead of the usual 10 per cent.
The flat rate of assessment tor the
banks will, of course, become operative us applying to the assessment
rolls for the present year.
PHONE   183
P.O.  BOX   "A"
To get plenty of EGGS yon must
have plenty of OYSTER SHELL and
GRIT before your fowl; also feed
once every day, with our good wheat.
This will fill your egg basket without fail.
Dont delay, it does not pay. Eggs good
price, YOU KNOW.
We are selling all lines of FEED and
FLOUR at the lowest prices. Try our
goods, they will please.
A meeting id the Cranbrook board
of trade took place last Friday afternoon at tbe Cranbrook hotel committee rooms, There was, as
usual, a very small nt tendance, although matters of serious Import to
the city and district were under consideration.
The lust matter lo be dealt with
had reference to the establishment in
Cranbrook of a land registry otlice.
The need of such an establishment in
Cranbrook was fully discussed by
Messrs. M. A. Macdonnld, (leorge
Thompson and W. K. Ourd. It was
decided to forward a resolution to
Mr. Thos. Caven, unanimously endorsed by the board of trade, setting
forth Cranbrook's claims In this connection and requesting his active
support of the board's efforts to secure the establishment of a land registry office at thli point.     A corn-
mil tee consist lag of the president
and secretary will gather furthei
daia and forward same to Mi Caven
for bis guidance in Ihe mallei
A matter of even greater local no
portance wna neil dlscusaed. Tlila
was the erection ol a m clpal build-
tug and Ihe disposal of the city's In
lerest in the present government
building, where tbe city's oOlcei ate
now  located,      lo Ibe provincial  gotf-
ernmonl al a price of $7,Mm Alter
the matter had been carefully dis-
cussed, Messrs. Beale and Allison
were appointed a Committor to secure signatures to a petition, calling
upon the city council to take action
in tbe matter.
There being nut bim: further before
the board, the meeting adjourned
•!• *> •;• •> <* •> •:• *:• •:* *:• *:* •:• *:* •>
<• Mrs. L. V. Roberts, Propria* •>
<• tress. •;•
^ Cor. Stanley and Silica Sis. •>
*** NELSON, B.C. *
•;• Free carriage or bus from all •>
<• boats' and trains. •;•
<• Rates, $1 and fl 50 per day. ♦;•
<• Remember our 35o*. Chicken ■>
+ dinner on Sundays. -IK-um<* THE OBANBROOK   HERALD
In the bonspiel ut Nelson yesterday
Cranbrook players held their own in
several contests, Cameron's rink winning three games and McSweyn's
one. In the All Comers competition
two Cranbrook rinks were entered,
Wilson's and Cameron's. Wilson
lost to Blackwood, of Nelson, by a
score of 7 to 15. Cameron lost to
Richardson, ol Nelson, by a score of
13 to Id. In tho Kwurt cup contest, Cameron won out from Wallace,
of Nelson, by 13 to 12
In the 12til end the game stood 12
to 12.    An extra end was played for J
a decision,   which ended    in a count
for Cameron.
Cameron, Cranbrook  	
     3 l> I I ll 3 li ll ll ll I ll 1—13
Wallace, Nelson
 IM Oil 2 ll 3 ll 13 11 n-12
Wa I ley's rink (Nelson) won from
Wilson's in ihe tiwarl hy IT to 13,
Wolloy started with fi, followed by
-I, and   obtained    a lead  Ihal  Wilson
could   nol   oven e,    although he
scored live in Ihe lust end.
Walley S I ll 2 I 1 ll I II 0 0 0—17
Wilson  II 0 I II II I) 2 II 2 I 2 5—13
For the it. c. Culling trophy Cameron was matched against Somci-
ville (Trail) the games proving a
one sided affair in favor of the Cranbrook rink.
The score was as follows. Eleven
ends were played:
Somerville ,., .1)11 0 2 U (l II ll 112 0- I
Cameron ... ,2320 11131 00—16
Milligan (Trail) and McSweyn played a close game, McSweyn winning
by one point.
Milligan  0(1 (I 1 03 2 0 111 li 2- !l
McSweyn ... .1 1 I It I Oil 1 I 0 j x—10
In the Qrand Challenge cup Cameron had the better of Wallace from
the second end and increased his lead
until the eleventh, when Wallace
scored three, followed by a single
Cameron winning by five.
Wallace  1 0 000100103 1-
Cameron     ...fl 3 0 2 12 110 2 0 0-12
'of other countries what kind of a
land this is, what its opportunities
and possibilities are. Therefore, if
we mistake not, Dr. Robertson in his
work abroad will prove to be one of
Canada's hesl Immigration agents.
The game last Thursday evening
between C. P. R. (Traffic) and City,
resulted in a win for the C. P. II.
boys by a score of t to 0. The
league games are steadily growing in
interest and now that the Herald cup
has arrived and is on view In the
window of Wilson's jewelry store interest has been further stimulated.
Prospects of a match with Movie or
Fernie at an early date have still
further aroused the enthusiasm of
the local hockeyists. This evening's
league game will be between C. P.
R. (Shops) and the Hanks The
)ine-up in the last game was as follows:
City t
Stinson   ...
Milne    ....
F.  Neilsen
J.P.R   (Traffic)
W. Hall
Right Wing
Left Wing
S. E, Bougie
.1. Kennedy
O,   Neilsen
Klmer II    Scott
. The teams lined up six a side, a*
Cranston, of the City team, did not
put in an appearance.
The second annual Maple Sugar
carnival will be held tn the gym on
Wednesday. I-Ybritan lutb. A men's
concert will be given in the Methodist church previous to the serving of
Hie sugar on snow Pickles and
doughnuts will he Die trimmings, and
those who were fortunate enough i"
be present las) yeai    will remember
it ccaiion and doubtloss again tie
present       Experts from Quebec will
boll the lUgar, which has ,,rine I
(torn Ihe east foi this occasion
Keep  the date open—Keluuatv   Ji-th
Wll.l. SERVI
Mr   .1    u   Robt rl  ui. whose reslg
nai ion as    principal    ol   Macdonald
College   was   an inccd recently, >^
well   known to even Canadian agrl
ciilturisl       I "i   H VI t.it \i ats he was
ngitcuii ral   and dalrj commlssfonei
lot   ( an.ida       hi tl it  posit  he lell
ins lmprea*l m u| on the agriculture
of the eountrj In no uncertain way
'ihe dalrj    branch, il«■  seed branch,
und the ine itOOS bl '< I Ol Hie de
pal tun ut  i>(    BgrlC ill   re    at  Ottawa.
were organised b] Mm Hr* has
brought Catiadi.ni agriculture to   th
ft out as few Hj.ii hate doQe, and the
farmers of the Dominion owe bim a
debt o| gratiludt The w»rk that
has given Inn prominence of late
years has been that BSSjoaJBted with
agricultural education The school
garden, the Consolidated rural school,
the Macdonald Institute at duel ph.
and Macdonald College nt St. Anne
de llcllevuc. Ifnr , bate been the outcome largely of his Initiative and
constructive genius, backed In the
noble generosity of Sir Wm C Macdonald.
For bis new sphere of usefulness,
that of studying agriculture and oilier conditions in foreign countries,
with a view to obtaining Information
that will be of value in the conservation of Canada's national resources, Dr. Robertson is exceptionally
well equipped. He knows Canada
from the ground up, is acquainted
with her needs and her resources,
and he will be able to tell the ,.eo|ile
Careful and  personal attention giv
i to every order and prompt dcllv
ery, al  Campbell and Manning's.
'he Ladies' Auxiliary of the H o
I.. K. and K. are giving a dance it:
Carmen's hull this evening.
I'. DoVore Hun I will be leaving hu
Nelson and Boundary points the lirst
of next week.
The Presbyterian Ladies' Aid gave
a very successful "al home" at the
residence of Mrs. W Iv Wot den last
Friday afternoon.
The hockey match between the ('
P It. Shops and the Hanks, for the
Herald cup, has been postponed until
nexl  week.
■'. S, Ityekmnii. C. |», It. brakeman,
rapidly improving and expects   to
be able to leave the hospital in    llic
uir.se of a few days.
Prescriptions at   Cranbrook    Drug
and (took Co.
F. Smith, representing Smith,
Davidson and Wright, of Vancouver,
wholesale stationers, was hi tewn
Second hand sewing machines for
sale cheap and to rent. Some of
them Singers. We also clean and repair all kinds of machines and hav
them done by an expert.—Singer
Store. 50-lt
Judgment was given in the case of
Garrett vs. Grace on Monday, .lodge
Wilson finding for the plaintiff,
awarding him $22, in addition to the
money previously paid into court.
W. F. Gurd for plaintiff and A, B.
Macdonald for defendant.
Don't get sick—hut if you do take
your prescriptions to the Cranbrook
Drug and Book Co., Ltd.
J. F. M. Pinkham and IL W.
Supple, the new manager of the Imperial Bank, are expected to arrive
in town on Monday. Mr. Pinkham
will remain a few days closing up
his private affairs and will then go
forward to his new office at Strath-
I cona. I
There will be a dance immediately
alter the performance in the Auditorium on Friday night. Music by the
famous Brandon orchestra. Tickets
50c.     Ladies free.
Mr. and Mrs. E. Crandall, of Chip-
mac, N. H., who were recently visiting in Cranbrook, have started on
their homeward journey and will
spend a few weeks in Edmonton, en
route, with a sister of Mrs Crandall, Mrs. Noble.
There will be a dance immediately
after the performance in the Auditorium on Friday night. Music by the
famous Brandon orchestra. Tickets
50c.     Ladles free.
An increase of five in the high
school attendance is to be noted in
the returns for the past month. The
school trustees are energetically
prosecuting efforts to secure an increased attendance ami their efforts
are meeting with success.
it makes no difference who writes
your prescription you can take ii
where you wish. The Cranbrook
Drug and Book Co. specialise on
MOTHERS—An unusually  interesting and original     foldet, illustrating
what  is    the latest in children's go-
lenrts. cheerfully sent tii anyone asking    for it by postal or otherwise —
Patmore Bros.
V.   M.  Mowness.    of Vancouver,     a
civil engineer, representing the engineering firm of Smith, Kerry A
Chase.    Toronto,    Winnipeg and Cat
gaty,  was in  town  ibis week on      a
During his stav  bete
the new    electric light
Golden Flower oranges (the finest
the Golden State produces) at
Fink's pure Food Grocery
The offering of the Eckhardt company for the first night of their three
nights engagement at the opera house
in this city, commencing Thursday
night, February I0lh, will he the
refreshing comedy drama "Paid in
Full." Change of plays each night..
Deserved seats can be secured at
Heattie and Atchison's Prices:
2Sc , .Vic. and 50c
Farquahrson and Fraser have leased the Auditorium for a yeai, taking
possession on Monday next The)
purpose conducting a first-class mov-
i.    who has L
trip to Honolulu
said  that  Mr   Busti
Mr. Bury   as   gene
western    lines    of i
fie,    with  headquiirt
J Inquiry at the ofll
'dent Why to, of Won
(information thai tin
j the report, tin his
nolulu, Mr.
I will res
Win 11
office .
of   \'l
return from
iv1-. Vir   Bus
taken the.r seats at the lime ndver-
11sed and to th<' curtailment of performances All shows should start
sharp on lime, and people who have
paid for seats Mould soon form the
liabll of taking them hi R 10 o'clock.
I    Fresh figs und dates at Stewart's
[unanimous conclusion (hat the proposed extension of tenure of these licenses, under proper safeguards, will
not  work to the disadvantage ol the
■vi He
erw is
[ng picture ami vaudeville sh
the  ball   is    not   oil
Mr    Farquharsoti is
theatrical  man and
Ing the   Auditorium    on
up-to-date lines.
FOR SAI.K-tine t
dwelling house with all modern in:
provemonts; four lots, fenced in
wood shed, horse and cow stables
Carriage and hen houses, situated
near government building Apply A
I) Bridges, P. 0 Box 840,
city. .Jl-tf
w when
|    Sweet   cider at   Fink'i
I Grocery.
It is siated on good ,
the Canadian Noun, ri.
secured     an   option
he    inspected
If  you  are
tins year.
contemplating building
adding an nddit
our building, consult (ieo.  ft   Leask
I  Co , as to yoUl plans and speciti-
fttlons,    and      get    tbe   best       of
ori 5»-2t
WANTED—Special  agent   for lamas   Pltnet  Lighting System,    Will
give    good     man entire   control    of
province on Drst-class terms. a
representative ot the Pttner companj
will tie in the city ibis week and
will make permanent appointment.
tddresa   Inquiries to   m  j. Pltner,
posl offlce Cranbrook. 51-21
Dttlj the purest, chemicals and
dines used in your prescription at
Cranbrook Drue and Hook Co.
w wiT.D-ohi walnut or mahogany furniture Any person having
same to dispose of call and see Van
Woruier. the Second Hand Man
.i    c.  Drewry, of  Cowley. Alta.,
was in town on Tuesday en route to
Movie and Rossland. Mr. Drewry is
now cngnged in ranching on an extensive scale at Cowley, and enjoys
the life ami work thoroughly. He
has just recovered from a long spell
d sickness.
Itol house lettuce, celery, cucumbers and radishes at Campbell A
■ lack McDonald has sold nut his
interests tn the Queen's hotel to his
partner, Oui Aodeeo, and win i«ave
on Saturday for Detroit, where be Intends to reside In future. .lack
McDonald will lie missed from town,
particularly hy thr lumberjacks tn
whom be was always a good friend
High class acting and a blending of
healthy humor, free from maudlin
sentiment, will be the kind of attractions the splendid Eckhardt
company will present during their
three nights engagement at the opera
house in this city, commencing
Thursday night, February Id. He-
served seal s can be secured al
Heattie A' Atchison's. Prices: 25c,
35c. and 50c.
There will be a dance Immediately,
after the performance in the Audit
ium on Friday night.     Music by the
famous Hrandon orchestra.     Tickets
50c.    Ladies free.
Col. .1. E, Caven, formerly manager of the Kansas City Times and
more recently manager and editor of
the Denver Times, is In Cranbrook as
the press representative of the Eckhardt theatrical company, which
comes to the Auditorium fur three
nights, commencing Thursday, February 10th. The colonel is one of the
old guard in journalism and talks entertainingly of men and times of the
WANTED-old walnut or mahogany furniture. Any person having
same to dispose of call and sec Van
Wormer, the Second Hand Man.
The board of school trustees this
Cream de Brie Cheese at Fink's
Pure Food Grocery.
week had to answer to a summons
issued against them by T. Drum-
mond, charging them with failure lo
employ a certified engineer to take
barge of the public school boilers.
When the case was called, counsel
for the trustees was present, but the
complainant failed to put in an appearance, consequently Judge Ryan
dismissed it wilh costs against
Drunimond. Ed. Hawkins, who is
duly qualified, Is at present tilling
the position of engineer at the public
our business is steadily growing.
Why' Because quality counts — j
Campbell and .Manning
MOTHERS—Are you interested
in children's go-carts? Out 1810
Fulton and Wagner carts are better
than ever, and our prices are still
lower. You really can't afford to
buy a go-cart without lirst seeing
our goods and con.paring our prices.
We buy direct from the factory.—
Patmore Bros
Tlie splendid Eckhardt company,
Including the brilliant actress. Miss
losepbfne ivfTri. is an excellent se
lection of three different plays, comes
to the opera house for an engagement
uf three nights, commencing Thurs-
,ia> night, Februarj 10th. Reserved seats can be secured at Heattie And Atchison's Prieis: 25c,
35c  and 5iV
Fresh hoi house parsley and lettuce ai Fmk's pure Food Grocery
The Rev .1 \\ Williamson, Held
secretary of the British Columbia
Sabbath School association, paid a
isit io Cranbrook and addressed a
large gathering of Sabbath School
workers on the afternoon of Ihe 'tilth.
Tin- meeting was held in the Knox
school ball Immediately after the
close of the various Sunday schools.
Mi Williamson spoke for a while on
"Tbe Sundaj School: The Church's
Greatest Opportunity," following his
remarks by an informal round tahle
>f quest ions and answers on some of
tin- problems Introduced by difierent
■risers present. In both the address and ihe conference several
matters of very practical and general
interest tn Siiuduy school workers
were helpfully discussed. Some significant statements were made.
The genuine old English Stilton
and Gorgon/ala cheese at Campbell
and Manning's.
Our trade in children's carriages
nnd go-carts during the past year
has been so successful that we have
gone into it stronger than ever this
season. Our stock of PU0 perambulators, carriages and go-carts will
arrive shortly and we are proud to
say Hint it is the best line ever carried in this section, and our prices
lie Still belter than Inst season.
Patmore Bros,
Carr's fancv blSCUlt, Ircsh this
week, at  Finks Pure Food Grocery.
A Revclstnkc paper last Wednesday
published a statement that Superintendent Ktlpatrick of that city would
|permanently take tin* office of General Superintendent lliiittrrd, of Van-
ulhorlty thai
railway    lnr
      I   the    eiilin
Duusmuir coal milling and real cstati
properly on  Vaucouvel   Island    Elev-
■n million dollars is mentioned as the
isle price, and il is understood   that
JIOO.OOO has     been paid to hind   iln-
bargaln on thai basis     It,    t   Elliott,   of Victoria, barrister, is   be
lined to he handling the deal,    While
o official announcement of the facts
an be obtained,    owing in ihe   absence of former    Governor Duusmuir
ip coast, it  is declared hy men in    a
position to know that these are   Hu
the broad    outlines   of the propose)
deal.  The  McKeu/ic and   Mann   pcopll
have until May  I   to complete      the
purchase.     In the meantime the properties are to lie examined and fully
reported upon for the purchasers.
•Yagslafi's home    mad.- miner meat
at Fink's Pure Food Grocery.
Iv C. Henry, an expert geologist
and metallurgist of Chicago, is
spending a few days in town, Mr.
Henry has spenl the past few wei
examining the Moyie mining proper-
lies and was so struck with the pre
peels of the Aurora that he has s,-
cured an interest in the property and
intends remaining in the field some
time longer, assisting the local man
|agement in working out a plan for
the disposal of the ore. Mr. Henry
Henry is greatly Impressed with the
showing of the Aurora and believes
that it is destined to l;e one of the
big properties of Easl Kootenay. The
property has upwards of 50,000 ions
of rich ore blocked out, ready for
shipment and arrangements are about
completed for the advantageous
handling of this ore. Mr. Henry
speaks most encouragingly of the
mining outlook in the Movie district
and believes that Ihe day Is not far
distant when it will receive greater
attention from practical mining men
with money to Invest.
Kootenay   pure   raspberry jam al
Fink's Pure Food Grocery.
The Jeanne Russell company have
made quite a hit with Cranhrook
theatre-goers. Their first night's
production, "Polly Primrose," a
cpmedy drama of the civil war
period, was capitally put on. Miss
Jeanne Russell charmed every one
with her conception of Polly Primrose and in the closing scene of the
third act displayed dramatic powers
of high order. Her support throughout was above the average and in
some instances particularly good,
notably Norval McGregor, as John
Ferguson Primrose, a southern
gentleman, and Elinore Gibson, as
Caroline, Polly's devoted servant.
Ray F. Brandon's conception of
Hugh Carlyle, a soldier of the northern army, wus somewhat strained and
lacked spontaniety, hut at times he
put real force Into the characterization and aroused a great deal of en-
thtisiasiu. (>ii the win>lc 1 he product ion was very praiseworthy, a
marked advance ovel the general run
Of theatrical performances in this i
city Good houses witnessed the
performances on Tuesday and Wednesday nights and (or the "Squaw
Man" tonight a bumper house may
he anticipated. The Jeanne Russell
company well merit tbe hearty support of Cranbrook theatre-goers and
they may Ih* sure ol a cordial welcome whenever good fortune brings
them this way again.
W'agataff's    jelly     marmalade       at
Fink's Pure Food Grocery.
If you   wish to enjoy a most     refreshing evening's performance see the
Eckhardt    compan\     at     the opera
bouse in this    city,   commencing on
Thursday night, February 1st, for   a
three night's    engagement   in a se-
lection of three different plays never
seen in   this city before.    Reserved
seats now on sale at Heattie and Atchison's    drug stole       Prices   25c.
83c. and 50c
Fresh buttermilk al Stewart's,
The Musical    Highlanders gave    a
very creditable entertainment at
Auditorium last Friday evening.
management, however, failed ti
vide any     programs    and only  ....
casual reference can he made to   any
>f the selections.     \ young lady violinist gave several  selections,  which
demonstrated     her skill and   proved
her    a very capable    handler of   the
bow.       Another    pleasing item was
tbe    quartette   and equally satisfactory was the Colonial  trio.     There
were other pleasing features, but 0W-
to lack of programs it is Impossible
to refer  to them In detail.    Besides
the lack    of    programs    there was |license
another   very  unsatisfactory  feature
the entertainment  and  that    wa*
the   late start   made     The management of the Auditorium cannot    toe
quickly insist upon u Change
regard The advertised     Hmi
starting all performances at tilts establishment Is 8.30 and the management should nee that they do start
promptly on time. Owing to laxity
in this matter, people aie forming
the habit of dropping in very late to
annoyance   of those   who have
AI     Hu
the folio
I '
ile Farmers' Inslltut ■
.llieers were elected foi
he ensuing year:
President—Thos   H   fi.1!
Vice-President—Wm.  Hamilton,
Secretary-Treasurer—Samuel    Mae-
l:      Bardgett,     A.
Grant, Urn.  Hush.
Morrison,     wm,
Jos.   Wallace
Auditors—,I K
H   Ilosklns
During the coi
several subjects
unong ihem bcfi
Hid ii w;,s th
should he taken ti
hers, if not     to
Wm Hamilton \
to the Central l-'.n
trniig nnd
rse  of the meeting
were     discussed.
g the gophci pest
night some steps
■ reduce their uum-
extermlnatc then.
■as elected deiegal
stituie, t>
he held at Victoria February 3rd.
His knowledge, experience and long
residence jn the district being invaluable and in his hands the interests
of this district will -he looked alter
It is the intention of the executive
to hold a regular monthly meeting,
of which due notice will lu- given
when  the dales haw   bee
Papeis    will    I
meetings on subjects ol interest.
As Ihe fee for one year's member
ship is only 50c the executive ask al
who can to become men.hers and he)
to exploit the agricultural resource
of this district.
thrill. (|
id   a I   all
lo the
i Pal-
• >f the
A provisional report of Ibe f
commission has been presented
It was as follows:
To His Honor,   Thomas Willi
t-rson, Lieutenant-Governor
Province of British Columbia
May it Please Vour Honor:
We, your   commissioners appointed
ill tho ninth day of    July,  1003, for
the   purpose of making inquiry Into
all matters connected with the umber resources of the province of Hritish Columbia and lo report the facts
found    hy us   and    the     means that
ihould be adopted to conserve     the
present     supply   of limber, to guard
against     lire    and    to utilize vacant
lands suitable for afforestation, have
the honor to submit the following interim report:
The commission commenced its
work on the 10th day of August.
1000, holding its lirst session In Victoria, and from that time until the
80th day of September, sittings were
held in different parts of the province, some ninety witnesses being
heard, besides receiving memorials
and hearing deputations from various
parties and municipalities Interested
In addition, tbe commission attended
the National Congress on Conservation of Natural Resources, held at
Seattle on the 30th, 27th and 28th
d August.
Tbe questions io be investigated b}
the commission are many and of the
utmost Importance; so important, in
(act, that  while the commission has
already obtained a vast amount     of
evidence, covering considerably    over
one thousand   typewritten pages,   it
feils that it should continue Its In
vestlgatlons still    further and       e\
haiist all possible sources of mforina
Hon before   venturing    to submit i
final report.
At the outset, howeber, the attention of the commission was called t"
the fact that at the last session of
the legislature the government announced that it had come to the determination that ihe tenure of the
special timber licenses would, at the
next session of ibe legislature, receive the attention of the admlnistrs
Hon in the way of some provision
(hat would make for the perpetuity
ol the license until the timber is removed, but on stub terms and conditions as the government then may
deem prudent In the best Interests ol
the province and people of British
Columbia, and, in consequence, the
honorable the premier has requested
us, if possible, to make an interim
report dealing with this question ol
In compliance with this request, we
have given careful consideration to
this question, and in order to Implement the decision of the government
we beg to submit the following
A majority of the witnesses who
appeared before us strongly advocated that the licenses he made renewable In perpetuity, or at least for so
long as there .should he merchantable
timber on the lands covered bv such
< A great many ol the wit
nesses also strongly urged that the
rentals fir annual license fees charged for such renewals should he Used
unalterabl)   al nol   more than   the
this   present   rates, though, with a few e\-
iptlons,  they  thought  Dial   tbe government should retain control of the
royalties lo be charged.
A careful consideration ol the (acts
adduced in the evidence submitted,
and of the opinions of some of the
hesl known authorities on limber and
forestry  matters, have led us to the
intimated above, we arc
not prepared to formulate in de
what these safeguards should be,
having due regard to the best nils of the province, and giving
due consideration io the difficult and
fluctuating conditions surrounding tlie
timber industry and the necessity of
protecting and encouraging the already large Investments Involved In
the same, so as to aid and assist, in
(every legitimate way ihe development, conservation and perpetuation
ot tins greal provincial asset, we
suggest that the existing rates,
terms and conditions for the present,
and pending our final report, he left
undisturbed, and m particular we
emphatically urge that the government do not ni any waj restrict or
limit its right and power to amend
oi adjust from time to time the rentals or license fees and the royalties
charged, as well as conditions,
regulations and restrictions under
which limber may be cut.
We, then-fore, recommend that the
proposed amendment he so framed as
to provide that the special timber licenses, other than those provided f'-r
in sub-section (2) of section 57 ol tbe
Land Act, shall be renewable from
year to year, so long as there is on
the land,included in such license merchantable timber In sufficient quantity to make it commercially valu-
ble (proof of which might be requir-
d by the chief commissioner), but
lhat such renewal shall be subject t«>
the payment of such rental ot license
fee, ami such tax or royalty, and to
such terms, i oiiditlons, regulations
ami restrictions as ma)  be Used    oi
imposed bv   any     statute or oider-iu-
council in force at the tunc renewal
is made, thai power should |„- provided or reserved [oi the chiel con
ssioner or government where, niter
ipectfon. it is found the land is tit
for tillage and settlement, and re
quired for that purpose, that be or
they mav require the licensee to remove the timber from
within a   fixed    reasonable time, at
the end      of      which period   tbe land
■hall he opened     for settlement upon
tins   as the government -r si
facts about Denmark
Tl\ ]■; EFFORT.
'I he
Also, that if any holder of a license provided for in sut>sectioa (2)
of said section 57, desires to take
advantage of tbe privilege of renewal provided for in this amendment, he shall, within six months after the passing of such amendment.
surrender the license held by him and
the privileges now appertaining thereto.
Your commissioners are carefully
Investigating the constitution of Forestry departments in other governments and countries, with tlie object
of recommending the establishing of
such a department in British Columbia, and, pending the securing of the
fullest data, we are of the opinion
that the government will be well advised to provide in the next estimate -, an increased amount fat least
double that ol 1909) for the purpose
of supplementing the s>stem of forest lire protection already inaugurated, which, so far a-s the limited
amounts appropriated In previous
years would permit, has been shown
by the evidence to be most effective
in reducing the number and extent
We might add, in conclusion, thai
in our opinion a carefully thought-
out policy as to the best method of
dealing with the present unalienated
timber lands of tbe province should
be decided upon before the same are
deall with, as it is our intention to
Consider this question carefully and
submit a recommendation In our Anal
report, we would respectfully suggest
that Ihe present reserve be in the
meantime continued.
Fredk. J. Fulton, Chairman.
A. c. Flumerfelt, Commissioner
\   s   Ooodeve, Cummissloi ei
lion   Mackenzie King,  UinlStei
Labor, baa introduced a bill to pr
vide for the    investigation of    coi
bines, trust>,     ■; i ;   polio    sod nnr-
:;.■!-. which Ju.iv enhance prices     <-r
restrict competition to the detriment
of consumers     There are man  useful provisions m the lull, an.'.;,.- then
dm  ' st should stv ,.r more pel mni
feel thai a combii slats and    that.
piu i s  have      la-en enhanced  .,r     com-
petition restricted hy reason of
combine to the detriment of the consumer, the) may make application to
a Judge i" order an investigation,
which is done upon a prima fade
ease being made out
The Hritish government is favorable
to the construction ol a ship canal
across Scotland from thr Firth ol
Forth by way of Stirling. I«ocb
I.otnan, and Loch Long, to the firth
t Clyde The plan proposed calls
for 1.1 miles of lake navigation. It
i- est I ma ted that the wort can be
'completed In nine years nt nn e\pen-
|diiure of about $100,000,000. If the
canal he built to conform to naval
requirements of a minimum depth of
tn feel nml bottom width of MB
Net, with locks to match, the government will be prepared to eo-opei
ale  L
with private enterprise.
Cheap living makes cheap men
It  is not  very long since there was
general cry that hog raising did not
pay in Canada,    A commission   was
to  the Old  I-and   to  investigate
litlons there.     To Denmark,    especially,  was the   commission directed,    because it   was known  that    the
Danes were gradually and surely taking lirst     place In    the Hritish markets as bacon producers     The enm-
inisslon has not yet reported so   we
do nol know what   their view of the
situation veil! he.     In  the meantime
some information upon how tiny    do
things in Denmark may he useful
A recognized Danish authority is
Mi .1 II Monrad, well and luvurably
known tn the dairymen of America.
Through the columns of Wallace'-.'
Farmer, he is giving to American
farmers his view of the situation in
Denmark. In bis Introductory article on, "Co-operation in Denmark,"
he gives a few facts and ligurcs    that
will astonish the average Canadian.
The little ration of Denmark, without its colonies, comprises an area of
li.i'.'iI square miles, which is about
one-fifteenth the size of Ontario and
only one hundred and forty-first part
the si.v of Canada with its land area
of 3,803,810 square miles. of the
land area of 9,570,351 acres in Denmark practically two-thirds of its
arui was under the plow in the year
1907 and tJ»:.*■ -JJ acres were in meadows It is remarkable that almost
one-quarter of the land area of that
little eountrj Is kept In clover pas-
' in at : soiling crops This readily
explains why so many stock can be
kept on a small area
The latest siock reports that are
ifRcial an- f..r 1903. These tigures
-ne is. .■-■'. horses and 1,810.406"
lead of cattle About nine-tenths of
the cattle were milch cows and hei-
lers In the eountrj there were
•'■ S I sheep; 1,456,699 swine and
almost 1,000 •"■" poultry There
was .i' incn .i->- of 11,918 swine in
iKiimark from 1003 to 1909 The
following is Mr Monrad's own des-
■   n ol it
\- regards Ibe size of the farms
and small holdings, there were in
1001 t.v-.vn (ess than I I acres, with
a:, a-.era^- "f IS of an acre; n't.222
between 1 l and 12.6, awraeing 6.5
acres These are termed "Housemen's lots'- Harm laborer's allot-
■■■■*• t the men work from all
the '- down t" only ore or two
dayi neighboring farms, and only
on the largest do they put in their
whole time on their own place. They
have from one up to twenty hogs, and
tl;f.s(- with about three acres or more
from one to four cows (Sometimes this is exceeded when an enterprising "houseman" buys feed for
cows or swine.)
■Next comes ;<..'•;"> farms with
from 13.6 to .-jT.S, averaging 23
acres; GO.S72 from 37.S to 151.2,
averaging 75 acres, M72 from 151.2
* I v    averaging J«2   acres, and
!2 with more than 604.H acres,
averaging 1,314 The two last
groups are generally termed "estates," and include the properties of
the nobility
"Since 1901 the cutting up of larger properties Into "housernpn's lots"
has be*-:; encouraged by the special
legislation which enables the state to
Ier,d money to the farm laborers at
f per cent . of which 1 per cent is
u-ed for It I repS) ment Indeed,
since tha*. time 3,820 such small
holding have been t tabllshed, the
money lent amounting to 11,0%,-
».;>' 1- The price paid au-raged
I -■ _■ pei acre during 1901 to D«05,
this being for the hare land only, of
,.   ;■•"•;.•■ fatmera   had
dispose of their op-ducts and buy
their       supplies,     etc .       tbrOOgh   the
usual series of middlemen, and
..- ttten |it bad t-een made by
the laborers as earl) a'. t*~>l to es-
lablfsh co-operative ■-tores, it was
not    until     ISM   when the first CO-
;. ratlve I on the Rochdale
plai ws ■..:••-! ■■•.; ' "'• they
counted I,1M, with 168,899 members
"flut these were at I I 'hiefly
rttj people, and it wks not until 1**2
that the first co-operative creamery
was built. This enabled the small
lai ■: ..'.' i • • ■ I tsomaa'
with one cow, to receive si much for
their milk as did the 'estate1 owner
rows The
•system grew very fast, so that In
1192 aren  ■""    c.-operative
res   ■   • I yrai they num
bered I.D'l besides 2!1 individual
[flies and thirty-three 'estate* creameries, which mean that there is a
reamer) for every  , i miles square
"These ro-uperatlvs rreamerier
were, so to s-av. the kindergartens ol
the farmers in co-operation, and It
can dot be denied it was a difficult
lesson for man) of tbem, indeed, the
the late Pp-fessot Fjord OlICC fin
|M9) said to me 'Th'- individual
•rearnencs sutTer from scaling, but
the co-operative ones suffer from
squabbling ' N'evertheli the farm-
is learned the lesson, as shown by
thr above figures      f may add   that
os* oi the i/-. ' reamerles, with
milk, cream and butter peddling, are
idiudual ones "
The devil is always a willing work-
When   you   pray, ask 'or what you
heed, not foi what w»u want
WVi- ro
haggled  with Ihe terrible old women who nre llm
Wives  of   these   ililiilel   dogs,   I   Silld   to   IliySOlf!—'Tllla
shall In- towni'd lb'' wife of Itiisseln, this toward the
furnishing of his house.' Zulelku shall lie yours, my
sou; l will up nml speak to her father before sundown."
The bnrgnln was scon made, though tbe details of
im-  imiri'liige  wen- discussed for '.one  Imut'H over
pipes.    Neiihet- lii'lile imr bt'lilegr u  was present.
When the two elders ll'td at Inst finished their discussion Ibe tad w i-  liifoni   i1  Iliitt his troth had lieeu
plighted.   Coil- i" il i>, hi- t't-i Is. he run iiboitt the
Village firing gitiM io make public the Joyful news
that he was soon lo lie Wedded 10 Zlllelkil. ll was,
Indeed, from Die somid of the 11 ring guns that tbe glvl
lll'Mt snspeeied lhat she WUH engaged tn be li.illTleil.
She luiil mil heeii e,>iisi|l|eil hi nny way.
A second Interview between the fathers followed,
nml thetiii little Inter the whole of tho purchase money
time appeared uu
inputs ami eliw.-iv
slii- mounted on
her husband's lion
lug her. lie hair
which she sprlnkl
knows why this Is
done and thai It Is
A basket eontnli
next handed to Zu
while mule. Tin-
In the bushel she
kepi for herself,
wedlock which sh.
Henceforth I lie
licnTlng, comprint
liousehutd, Itealdi
bis nppiii-el, uuil li
COUSCOUS oil wine
lie scene, dressed 111 lief richest gnr-
a white mule und WW enndueted In
se.   At his door Hussein was uwiilt-
il io her a vnse of Wiiiei-. wilh
il the assembled people.    Nobody
done, only that ll has always been
right to do it.
Ing couscous, mils ami cukes wns
lelkn, who was still sluing upon her
o victuals she threw to the crowd,
found no ankle bracelet, which she
It was the symbol of the elm In of
< bml assumed.
duties oi' Zuldkn. besides child
tl all Ihe dl'Ullgcry of Hussein's
>s this, she luiil lo weave cloth for
t wits her duty also to prepare the
he regit led himself,  The hardest nf
Amhei-of -Ton Nun Coiifpss'd" nml ■Servitude."
(fi-   i ti- •   IftfO, \*J Hie N.-iv v.in ll.-ral.l Co.   All HIkIiIs llt-Mrrrd.)
Z'l.KIKA Kill im tin- sunny iiiountnlilsidc be-
lieatb the sluule or il wild oruti-.-e Hee. just outside  lh«-  little   village in   Kiiliylla    where sJie
lived with Imt father and mother mid where
she ami nil her brother* anil sisters were bom
nml reared.   She wits ih lu-ovvn ns the sell where the
plough bad turned it. ami the grass upon which she
snl wns inii-iiscl.t gieeti.   Overhei'.d lu the foliage of
the   tree   were   gtt'lll   splashes   of   (-old.   With   Which
pearly white splashes alternated.
Kile was twisting With her slender liruWU fingers
nud deftly weaving a braid or camel's hair, which
wits hrowu also, nml whleb when lluUhed would serve
to sell lo some Arab morcluitlt for his headdress. As
*ln- worked she cbiuitetl a weird, curious Kubyle song,
lieiitliie time on the fresh green crass with her small,
bare, brown font. With her brown llllle foot she
could Imitate on tbe gieen grass ihe sound of tbe
She wns n very pretty tittle creature, with long,
waving black hair, which In tbe sunlight shone with
glims   of   blue.    Her   eyes    were   almond   .shaped,
full, dark mid gentle. Her little nose was very finely
meddled, nnd ner pretty mouth was red and lovely,
tike a half blown dnuiusk rose. She was as ripe us a
fin Is. as u hoiun- Ut; when the SUU bus turned it tu
ihe color of amber,
Her beautiful body was uf the color nf coffee to
which mill, has been udih d — SUCll cbffee as the Kulry-
Hans di-lnk When they return borne from hum mouths
of trading In Bl Hjczulr or In remoter Tunis—coffee
Into which tbey have poured milk from the goat, as
the ItoUnilS do lu those great houses lu tbe distant
towns where there Is gold- gold—and where Ibe soldiers live who are such hue men.
The Most Jealous Men.
It was not right for her to think of the soldiers, of
tbe Itouml soldiers. In their blue and red, for she was
as jj 1 as promised to a  husband, and In   Knhvlhi
men nre jealous, More Jealous are the meu lu Kaby-
llu than anywhere else lu the world, and whoever
speaks to tbe wife of another man or to the girl who Ik
promised to another must die at the same time when
tin- woman dies.
The mati to whom she wri promised was tbe son
of the richest merchant in tbe village, one who bad
amassed much linltl In the towns ou the coast and
beyond the seas In cities which the Hounds Inhabit.
mil where the true faith Is unknown. This youth
bud seen her and had caught lire ut the sight of her
marvellous beauty and grace, for very desirable she
looked to him ns she slowly walked up Ihe mountain
path, with her rounded arms thrown backward, supporting the Jur of water.
She had put oer Jar down nnd sighed, for She was
n little tired and the May sun wns very warm. Then
she had sat down tn rest a while and had taken out
the camel's hair from a little ban which she wore beneath her drapery nnd had beiruti to twist the small
rope, or braid, which the Arabs wear.
she was a very fascinating little maid, She had
never been educated like the two daughters of ii neighbor, who had been brought up like French girls, They
wire Inugbl too many things, nml the men of the village looker) nsknnce upon them. No Kabyle would
ie-rry u Kabyle «lrl who learned the ways of the
|| uni women. The won.mi who can read and write
Is ii< t the wife for Kabyle. Moor or Arab.   The woiniiu
who inn rend can read the letters that n sweothenrt
writes: the wnnnii who ran write can write letters
whl h nre not for the husband's eyes. Ai the axe of
Sixteen, while all the girls of the village of their
yeses were muffled and had children, tbey remained
UliWtrldrd ib-pcndcnt on the grudging bounty nnd pm-
tectum "i ihole father.   They were pointed ut sad
Husaein Turned Upon
Zuleika.    "Dost Hear?"
He Cried
laughed ui as old maids who bad been spoiled by tin*
Rouinls and mlgbl marry Kaffirs, as the faithful would
have none of them.
Zulelku knew nothing, She was mil quite twelve
years old. In I'.urope and America gifts of Ibis aye unjust  beginning 10 study, la prepare for life,    lu llm
mountains »f Knbylln n girl Is husband high before
she In eleven years old nnd lit lo be sold by her father,
Xutciku's father expected to get a large sum for her,
beaiise she was unusually beautiful. Perhaps, lie calculated, she might fetch as much as five hundred
This would he two hundred francs more than her
sister hud fetched—her sister, who was one year
older and who bad been sold when she was eleven
years old, Hut then Kaliuljn hnd been lmnght try a
chief, who wis old and cunning and careful of his
money. He had pointed nut to her father thai Kulud-
Ju's iioso was long—too long—and that she could never
be desired ns Ihe favorite In ibe harem of any man.
With a Covetous Eye,
The youth who had watched Zuleika soon made up
Ills mind: he watched her with eyes which grew
covetous as he looked upon her. Be hurried home
nnd sought out his father and demanded that Zuleika
should be procured for him lu ninrrinae. The father
smiled benevolently, "My son," be snld, "the Itouml
fools shall pay for yotli bride nnd your wedding. All
lust whiter 1 tolled in Kl Djesalr, standing In the,
courtyards of the ctinivmiserles where these people
congregate; all the winter I told lies grent nnd wonderful, ami did In consequence induce them io buy a*
rare ami curious weapons or ns native Jewelry—and
nt ten times their price—articles of merchandise
which 1 did obtain from the very lauds from which
these people come. And as I tidied, and ns 1 told
shameful nud deceitful stories, and as I higgled sad
was pair, down thnuigh an agent, a k'ud of marriage
broker, er go-between, whose business ii is to iirrttuge
ibe iltian -lit] tide of these Ki.nvle wire purchases mid
daughter miles.
The mnrrlnge nf it Kabyle girl is not a thing to
whleb me pour can aspire. The father has tu be nut-
Mod with pnniui-e money, mid besides that there Is
the eorbeiiie de mnrlilgo, which In Knhylia must he
presented bj  ihe bridegroom in ibe bride.   It Is a
basket Which colt till IIH Ihe seventy different essences,
medicines nnd «-i-nn-iiis which a  woman  u Is to
make herself beautiful, lo keep well mid in add to
her beauty Mull which Is held next tn the lienuty of
women, n hwi'pIiipxx of perfume.
The bride mid bridegroom were not present m ihe
mnrrlHgp ceremony, hill Itoth of ihem well knew the
ritual words frtuu ihe Koran which ibe marabout, before he pnmuuiieeil I hem limn nud wife, was lending
to their assembled families nml friend*;
"Men are superior to women, because the qualities
wlih-h Ood bus given then- elevate ihem above women
mid because they use ihelr money for Ihe marriage
dowry of women. Virtuous women are obedient mid
After the mnrrlnge was over the inn runout gave the
young husband some advice as from u man of the
world. He advised him to reprimand Zuleika If he
feared any disobedience oil her part: should .-he disobey him he should beat her. He had seen Hussein
often as a hid lighting with the girls In tbe Btreel and
had noticed that the lud could knock any girl down
mid give her a taste of the stick of olive wood. He
could only advise him to practise this same superiority lu his household. However, as soon ns Zuleika
hnd been reduced to obedience It became his duty tu
lay aside the olive .stick and to cense chiding her.
After tbe marriage ceremony Zuleika (or ibe first
her duties was. however, dally to fetch water for the
household from the spring, which wns far down lu
ihe valley below ihe village.
At certain hours of each day Zuleika Jollied the
lone llm- of women with heavy earthen water jut's <m
Ihelr backs, who wound down the path to ihe distant
web. mid. heavy laden, toiled back again up the narrow, almost perpendicular paths which led hack home.
Kio-b was elud In ii large white tunic, fastened on each
shoulflcr with heavy silver pins and held at the waist
by a belt of camel's hnlr. Their legs mid feet were
bare except for ibree m four anklets; their long arms,
thrown backward, supported the amphorae. They
looked like women of old tihecre ot Home, hut tbey
were slaves eiiihrultcil in a barbarous land.
The Collar of Gold.
Hussein approved of Zulelku while she wns young.
He iiid imt chide her nmre often than another man,
ami over the well Zuleika never complained, thut he
bent her too cruelly. Indeed, she spoke In praise of
him, He had given to her a collar on which were
fastened fifty pieces of gold, ou which were tbe beads
Of many Prankish kings, pieces of gold which clinked
beautifully when she shook her bend. He hud given
'to her a pule of violet leather slippers worked with
gold and tiny beads. He had given to ber six bracelets of heavy gold. He hnd given to her a little
Geneva watch which wns of gold and which rang a
little bell ns often us the hour was when you touched
a button on Its side. He bad given to her also sevea
rings of great vnlue, with diamonds, opals and turkols
stones set lu gold.
But all these presents had been bestowed In tbe
first years of their marriage. By tbe time she was
fifteen be gnve fewer things to her and scolded her
oftener. Once down at the well she lifted ber gown
and showed on her brown skin purple weals which
the olive stl-k uuil mmie. *'l understand it," she
snld, "1 have bml live child fen—twins twice—and my
llj-nre Is tiupicusjiig "
Shortly after this one morning Hussein told lier
roughly thai she must carry her bed Into another
loom. "| am mar-vlug miutiior wife to-day," he said.
She bowed her head ami was silent, but because she
was not swift enough In her movements lu preparing
Ibe room for the new wife Utissuln bent her cruelly
with the olive stick.
Outside men nml buys were Uring gin in In honor of
Hussein's second uuirrlage, mid Zuicii.ii fell to wishing
tlmi one of the mius might eon In In n bullet, mlgbl lie
llred In her direction und Hull the build might pierce
her heart l-'nr ;• grieved ber surely in leave Hussein's
chamber, but Mint was imt wluit wns most bitter,
it wns when, the new bride having been brought Into
the room where -lie bad been sulu mistress sn long,
she had to Inad met- In ber for lier mloriiuiuut nil the
presents thai lier liushiliid hail given lo her.
Hound the orhb-'s neck she hung the necklace. <>f
jfiy l-'ruiikisii gold sequins wilh ilio plot urns »*r the
dugs, Cher the shoulder* she threw the long gold
cliulii io wbb'll was nt inched the little gold fluliuvu
wtib-h which rung the hours, merry hours and hours
m Mini ns this, when ber lieiin was heavy hi her ills-
figured und misshapen i„ i    Over tlie bride's feet
she slipped the babniiebes of violet kid work, d Willi
pold und nn her wrists ihe bracelets of heavy geld.
Then upon her lingers she begun to pass the rings of
grenl value.
At each new jewel the bride, a girl nf eleven, gave
ii liule .iv »f sh • wonder ami delight.   Shu shook
her head all ibe time, so ilnit ihe golden sequins of the
I'lMiiiilsh king* -.In ui Id rattle mid clink; she held up
now one foot, now miotiier. to admire Hie violet slippers. She loiiebtil ihe billion lu the side of the watch
mid made the llllle bell ring for her, whleb sounded
un hoiii- so happy for her. sn sad for Zulelku. One,
two. ibree. four, five, -i\ rings of greiil  value hud
Zuleika sel llpnli the new wife's lingers,
Then, milking obeisance to hep lord. Zuleika wns
ill mil I io b-ave the p u to prepare meats fur the
bride's refreshment, when the girl eried out:—"There
were promised to me seven rings of grent value—diamonds, npals ami iiirkls stones—hud, behold. Hussein,
ym, have not U-,,1 lull!- Willi me. for I hnve received
bill six: mid see. the ring wilh the blue stones, which
tire In pale when you hoe me no longer, is not oil my
finger mid I hnve never hnd ii at all."
Hussein lurued upon Zulelku, "Dost hear':" he
The Kis.i.ig Rin».
"My lord." said ihe discarded wife, "the rll.g with
the blue siotu-s vt.u giiv  snjitig I should keep it
llll Ihe blue failed. Which would be when you ceased
lo love me.    The blue has not  faded—see. here It Is— •
tied so I have kepi it. because ti tells me that your
love Is no! yel quite lost to me."
As she spoke she drew a turquoise ring from the
Utile bag she wore lusldii her robe. Hussein said not
n word, bin snatched the ring from the woman's hand
aid passed li over (be linger which the new wife held
cut. Then he Ul rued upon Zuleika, and. tukttig up
the olive slick, bent her from the room.
Zuleika slunk itwuy Her position was what liml
always been the posilioli of women of lier race when
their husband* mew tired of them—what it bail been
a hundred .tears ago, what It will he a hundred years
heme. She was utterly wit limit hope. She hnd un
power In Improve her condition, she could never win
back lier husband's affection, for bis love was u purely
physical one.
He bml wnsi-'d bee beauty ami now despised her.
Kill for the fact thai sn hnd live elilldcett lie would
have g  tn the kadi, ami the k till I w. Hi 111 have pro*
lioiincid him free. He would have been forced lu
feed her for three mouths mid ten da,is after that—
and nfiet that? Well, after I hill there was the river
til ibe bottom of the vnlley. or the streets nf Kl UJe-
xalr, where tbey say tbe .''ranks are less particular
about the freshness of the women whom they court.
Some people hnve mi Idea thut the Kabyle women
have a better position than the Arab women, perhaps
because the Kiibyles do not cover their facet
like the Arab women. Perhaps lu the old days ttie
Heritor women held a belter position, but when Is-
lauilsm was adopted In Kabylla the degradation of
women followed us a matter ot course.
The Koran penults the Kabyle. us well as nil other
true believers, to have us many wives us be chooses,
This is, however, uu expensive luxury unless u mail
Is wealthy. So ibe Kabyle usually contents himself
with from three i» seven wives. The older wives act
us servants to tho favorite, the youngest wife.
I knew Zulelku when she was a child, nml this
spring, travelling through Algeria. 1 motored nut from
Algiers to Fort National nud on from then- to the village mi the mountainside where she lived, hoping lo
see her. Hut 1 could gel no news of her. because tbey
told me ihal her husband hnd gone to Algiers tn trade
and (Aid locked his wives up at home under the care
nf his mother. They would never leave his house,
under pain nf death, until he returned.
Some days later he en me to the hotel where 1 w.-is
staying,; with a basket full nf lie- wares such as bis
father spoke about, and after whining his good graces
by purchasing nt six times lis value u knife made lu
Hlrnilngbum, which he represented, to mo us n piece
or Hue ftabylinn steel work. I asked bim about the
ilitle nutbrowii maid whom l hud admired a few yoars
He shrugged his shoulders In an ugly, Indifferent
way. "tih, uuidmiie,' he snld In n mixture nf KugllsU
and l-'rciifh which hu bail picked Up on trading expeditions in Prance mid England; "oh, mntlnma menu my
old fciimie. the old woinn.i what 1 have nt home, Why,
she Is very old and ugly, nnd she hnve live children,
big children. Zuleika must be nearly tvveiily-tlw.
No, I do not love her. 1 have censed lu love ber
some years ago. Hut I keep her on nud feed ber because she hus live children. She fetch the water mid
she wait on my last wife, who is twelve years old." 1
tinned iivvny with a great rebellion In my heart unit
walked nut to the terrace overlooking the slopes of
Mustupbu, a green slope dotted with many white
Moorish villas, shining white mid dazzling In Ibe glm-e
or the sun, amid the emerald of the trees and gardens, and I thought, with a great iiehe, of the sad
eyed, hopeless women who nt eventide, when men
are not looking, walk on the terraced roofs of tbosn
Cloistered houses with leaden despair tugging ut Ihelr
heavy hearts.
I thought of all tbe sighs and all the prayers mid
all the bepes which ascend now, ns they have done for
centuries past and will so ascend forever, perhaps, to
Allah—to Allan, who lends ear aiuue to the prayers uf


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