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Cranbrook Herald Nov 12, 1909

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 j |.- Armstrong \xi
NO. 35
Cranbrook has every reason to be proud of its next member-
Masterly address on MeBride Railway Policy-Leader Oliver
Drives Home Convincing Arguments,
{ t
Cranbrook Liberals bad evory reason to (eel promt of tlieur candidate
at Iusl unit's magnificent meeting
in the Auditorium. Their choice]
was fully justified, Leafier Oliver's j
line tribute to Mr. M. A, Macdonald |
wus heartily concurred in hy the
large audience, irrespective of tho j
political leanings of many present,
who one and all were proud to
think that their greatly loved city
was to send down lo Victoria so
able and eloquent a representative.
Last night's meeting can best bo
described as a grand personal
triumph for Mr. M. A. Macdonald.
Confidence had been placed in him
and he more than made good, ami
to "make good" is a sure passport
to thc abiding affection of a Western
electorate. So far as space and
lime havu permitted, an attempt has
been made to give a full report of
Mr. M. A. Macdonald's speech. This
has necessitated drastic curtailment
of the report ol the splendid fighting
speech of Liberal Leader Oliver, to
which further attention will be given
in Monday's issue.
Tlic Auditorium was crowded to
capacity last night when the speech-
making got under way and no greater tribute to the several speakers
could have becn desired than thc
wrapt attention accorded every word
uttered. There was frequent applause, and occasional outbursts of
enthusiastic cheering, that told of
pent up feelings that could he no
longer restrained but there was obvious effort on the part of the
iK'Ughted audience to refrain from
too frequent interruption lest some
telling point should be missed. Mr.
J, (J. McCallum, who 'presided, had,
an easy task. Once only some unwise Individual in the audience attempted to interrupt Mr. Macdonald.
So quick ami decisive was tho call
down he received that it is improbable be will ever attempt to butt-in
again at public meeting where Macdonald holds the platform.
Chairman    McCallum     wasted    no
time over introductory remarks,   lie]
simply stated Ihat the occupants   of |
the seats on    the platform indicated
more eloquently than he could    the !
nature of the meeting, and then called upon Dr. .1. H. King, ex-M.P.P.
The doctor was received with a
round ol applause that might have
proved nerve shaking tt* anyone else
less accustomed to such exhibitions
of good feeling than Cranbrook's;
popular ex-inemlier. Dr. Kim: inli- I
mated at the outset Uial it wns iiut '
liis intention to take up much time.
There were two strong speakers to
follow him, both ot whom could ntul
would discuss llie issues of the day
(at more eloquently and convincingly
than lw. However, he wished to
take advantage ol the present opportunity to say a word or two regarding the candidature of Mr, Mao-
ilonalil. lie had been around a good
deal the last lew days wilh Mr.
Macdonald and had found ihat in
every quarter Mr, Maodonald's candidature was received with marked
favor. That this favorable opinion
of Mi. Macdonald's qualifications was
well      fotltldod,     he   knew      everyone
wuuld freely admit after they had
heard Mr. Macdonnhl's address. Dr.
King proceeded to pay n tribute to
bin old legislative and partv colleague   Liberal    Leader    Oliver,    lie
suggested that ll wns quite unueees
satv t<>t him to sav much on this
subject, as "lloncfll .lohn" Olivet
was known throughout the province,
and wheievci known .lohn Oliver was
deservedly respected and esteemed tor
the splendid services be had rendered
the country during the manv vears
he had occupied a seat iu the legls-
lalure Mr. Oliver had been called
Ui the honorable position of leader ol
the opposition, a position, which   he
believed   Would  lie  shortly  chalked   lo
one of even greater honor nml responsibility, that of leader ul the
first Liberal government In the province of llritish Columbia. In closing, the doctor expressed pleasure al
tlie magnificent turn out of electors,
as well as of the ladies, who, he Intimated, would find a warm friend
and advocate in the person of .lohn
Oliver. (Loud and prolonged applause).
Chairman McCallum Mien in a few
fitting words Introduced the next
member for Cranhrook district, Mr.
M. A. Maedouald. A perfect storm
of applause greeted his rising, applause which again and again
throughout his speech broke forth
with ever increasing vigor and spontaneity.
Mr, Macdonald, ns soon as the applause quieted down, commenced
what proved to be one of the most
vigorous, and withal temperate, well
reasoned speeches ever delivered in
Cranbrook, and for that matter,
within the bounds of this province.
Itc said:
"Mr. Chairman, Ladles and
Gentleman:—I can assure you that I
appreciate very much the cordial, enthusiastic manner in whieh yon have
been good enough to receive me. I
am not, of course, vain enough to
expect, or so foolish as to believe, that your cordial reception is
to he taken at all as pers<mul to
myself. 1 rather take it as an indication that my candidature in this
contest, at this particular Juncture,
is uceep Utile to a large majority   of
the people before mu as well as to a
majority of the people in this district and vicinity. 1 take your presence tonight here, too, iu such large
numbers, as an Indication that the
men of Crunbrook und the vicinity,
who arc supporting mc in this contest, feci that they arc fighting in a
winning cause and that a signul victory is assured on thc 25th day of
It is now, Mr. Chairman, about
ten days since I first entered on this
campaign. in that time I havo
tried to he as active as my friends j
and supporters. 1 have addressed
meetings in several portions of this
riding and if tbe close and intelligent attention and enthusiasm displayed can be taken as any criterion
of the opinion of the public at the
present time, then 1 say, sir, we
have nothing to fear when the ballots are counted on the 25th day of
November. I have, throughout this
campaign, endeavored to discuss public issues with as much freedom from
partisan bias as possible. I have
tried, Mr. chairman, in an honest
way, to get the car of the people, by
refraining from using the platform
tricks which so often prevail during
almost every election contest. Ever
since party government was established in England, many efforts and
suggestions have been made by writers and otliers to devise some other
system of giving expression to the
will of the people. All such efforts,
however, have been entirely abortive.
Party government is all right, but 1
am convinced that party voting is
all wrong. Every man, surely, i v*
fore easting his ballot, should first
intelligently inquire Into the issues
before tho people at thc present
time and let his ballot be the result
of his honest conviction and his best
judgment of those issues and let it
not rellect simply the views of one's
father or forefathers before him.
Now, Mr! Chairman, applying those
principles to the situation before us
at the present time, I would ask the
electors of Cranbrook to follow us
in a discussion of the issue before the
electors at this time with an open
mind, not with any pro-conceived
ideas, shaped by party feeling. Let
us recognize that tbe administration
nt the afiairs of this province is a
great public trust and should re-
reive our best consideration.
There is, as Dr. King has intimated, one great issue before the electors in this contest, and as it is the
overshadowing issue 1 will discuss it
lullv in a moment. I think it is ot
greater Importance than perhaps we
all recogntM at the present time, ami
I wish to enter upon a diseussion of
II in the hope ttial I may he of
some assistance in helping vou to de-
L*idc as to Where vou should stand un
that policy. 1 refer to the MeBride
railwav policy and to the alternative
policy proposed by the leader of the
opposition and tiy the Liberal party
aider     tlie   leadership of Mr.    .lohn
Oliver, who, 1 may sny in passing,
is, I believe, one of the best Informed men ou public issues in the province of British Columbia today.
Now, if there be any here who have
lheir minds made up on ibis policy,
I would have nothing to say lo
whatever, because there is no
addressing an argument hi
anv class who have their minds
made up. but we have a liglit to assume, Mr. Chairman, (hai on this
quest ion everyone has nn open
mind. Vou onlj heard ot it within
the lust two weeks and it is Inconceivable Ihal even at this stage
everyone has thoroughly understood
und grasped the situation, so that
l should reasonably expect ihat we
are speaking tonight to electors here
who have an open mind, who are
open Id conviction and who are
ready -to follow up those convictions when it comes lo easting their
bnllol on the 'jr.lh of November.
Now, lo begin at the beginning,
some weeks ago Premier McHride announced Hint bis government had 011-
tcml into a contract with the Canadian Northern Railway eompanv
for the construction of ami miles of
railway from Yellowhead Pass, in
the north eastern portion of the
province of llritish Columbia, down
to the City of Vancouver ami from
thence to Barclay Sound, on Vancouver Island. H afterwards transpired, Mr. Chairman, and the fact Is
that there is, in reality, no contract
That may lie a matter of surprise to
vou, hut it is nevertheless a fact. I
have no doubt that vou irot the impression from the premier, In Ms
speeches here, that thev did have
contract with the Canadian Northern
railway for thc construction of that
line. I may say, Mr. Chairman,
that the whole basis of this railwav
policy is not an executed contract
with the Canadian Northern railway,
but rather a memorandum—simply a
memorandum, executed not by the
railway company under its corporate
seal, hut executed simply bv D. ".
Mann, on liehalf of the corporation,
nml by Richard MeBride on behalf
of the province of British Columbia.
It is merely a memorandum, as I
will presently show you, which thev
sav is to form the basis of a contract, should the government he returned to power, but what that con
tract is ui what it is to lie only l>.
I). Mann and HicharJ McHride, and
heaven loo, 1 suppose, know, and
tbey have not yet told us, although
we are supposed un thc 25th of November lo ratify that contract hy
our votes, although there is no such
contract in existence. 1 should add,
perhaps, Mr, chairman that Mr.
Tatlow, the minister of finance in the
McUride government, and Mr. Fulton, minister of crown lands, ministers of the two most important departments in that government, did
evidently know something about what
the finai contract was likely to be.
They were behind the, scenes, they
would take part in discussions in
council, so that, tbey should he in a
position to know, uud where are they
today? They resigned their portfolios, they gave up the emoluments
of ollice, rather than hv a parly to,
or be responsible for this contract,
which the MeBride government are
about to enter into, if not stopped
by the electors, with thc Canadian
Northern railway.
Now that you mav clearly understand that 1 am right when 1 say
that wc are not asked to vote on
the 25th of November on a completed
contract, let me refer to the admission made by the attorney-general,
Mr. Bowser himself, as reported iu
the Vancouver Province, under date
October 30th lust. Mr. Bowser
states, "They are not contracts under seal, Imt" binding agreements to
form the basis of such contracts,
when, after ihey have met with the
approval of the people, they will tie
crystal!/.ed into legislation," aud
note what he goes on to say, to
show the faith, the sublime faith almost, itf Mr. Bowser in McKcnzic
and Mann. He says, "If after the
agreements lune heen considered liy
the electors, there has been any thin
important overlooked, we have mere-
Iv to submit it to Mc Ken-tic and,
Mann and we have lheir promise ,
that, if fair and reasonable, it
should bo incorporated in thc bill."
Now, 1 will point but later that
there are several important matters
overlooked and 1 think you will agree j
wilh im1, Mr. Chairman, that it wilt |
unfortunate for this province if, \
Mr. Bowser slates, we must look
to McKcnzic «v Mann and trust to
their tender mercies and philauthro-
purposes to have these matters
Now this memorandum 1 refer to
perhaps familiar to all of you. 1
have a copy of it here from the
Nelson Dally News, and it has also
been published iu oilier papers, audilet
me say this that there are many
ihings in Premier McBride's speeches,
here anil at Nelson at any rate, be-
I have a verbatim reportiof tlie
speech there, which are not based ou
tins memorandum. It is a most
uliar circumstance. Vou read the
memorandum in the newspaper, you
see il terms there. Vou listen to
lhe speeches of Premier McHride and
Ins abtotacy-gencral, and you learn
that their speeches are based on a
certain condition of afiairs, certain
statements of fact, which are not
found in the memorandum at all. In
other words, they do not stick tti
the text. Their speeches are like
the sermon of a preacher who would
take his text from the New Testament and preach the sermon on thu
old. Now, let me {mint out one
illustration of that. Vou have heard
him say, and all the party papers reiterate it, that thu province of
British Columbia, iu guaranteeing
the bonds of this railway company,
will have a first mortgage on the line
within (he province of British Columbia as security. Hasn't thut claim
been made? That the province will
have a lirst mortgagor Is that
term iu the agreement or in this
memorandum, as l prefer to cull it?
It is not there uml, us I will point
out Inter, it will not be found either
in the final contract, when it is
eventually drawn, because it is an
important feature nnd I will return
to it again. We hnve, now, as 1
have pointed out, this harmless
memorandum as an aid to our
guess—because that is all we can do
—as to what the final contract is
to be. As I said on another occasion, this memorandum is not-to
use a pet phrase of the premier—
"final and unalterable." I think it
should lie final and unalterable. Wc
should be voting, on the 25th of November, ou a completed contract
Now then, the first question I wish
to propound to you is this: Why
have we not before us a fully executed contract, under the sPal of the Canadian Northern railway, to be carried into efiect should the electors
endorse tlie policy on the 25th of
November? Why are we not given
an opportunity, now, to vote on a
fully executed contract, instead of
voting on thc promises of a politician. Premier MeBride says in effect, "Here is a memorandum.
Trust me that the final contract will
he all right," or, to quote Mr. Bowser, he savs, and perhaps more correctly, "Trust to McKetr/io &
Mann." We say, "No. This is our
affair, It is our money and our
pledging, we ought to know what
this contract contains. We do ant
want, surely, to engage in a lottery
contest on the 251b of November. We
want to be treated—we have a right
to lw treated, as rational men ami
all owed to pass judgment ou a
policy and not on a promise, us wu
are asked lo tlo at ttie present
time! ls there anything in the situation existing today which makes it
excusable for their uot having a final
contract? You know that the life of
this parliament has not yet expired.
They have only been in business for
two years and nine months. They
have almost two years to. run. It
would he quite open to the government to go on with their negotiations with McKen/.ie iV: Maun, execute their contract finally, embody
all its terms, and then submit it to
the people, but 1 venture to say they
are no doubt wise iu their generation and came to thc conclusion that
liable to be called upon to make this
guurantee good. We can only judge
by our experience In the past. This
is uot the first occasion that the
province have guaranteed bonds of
railways in this province. 1 will
draw your attention to some instances in the past where the province have guaranteed the bonds of
other railways and 1 will point out
the conditions    there and leave   yuu
ii draw tlte conclusion us to whether
or not we are. apt lo he called up-
un to pay the guarantee in ttie pie-
sent instance. I draw your attention to the case of the Shuswap -v
Okanagan railway, a line ol railway
running from Sic&mous to Vernon, a
distance  of    only 5U    miles.    That
all way connects with the C.P.U. ut
•- «t, .„ „ t i. ... .i. 4 .-.,., • t\; one end and with the Okanagan lata,
if the people knew the terms of th s , ,, u , jt , trlb5tary ,„
contract they would have scarcely jt ft m agricuHural nmtltrv; a
auy followers at all. , col|nt* m Mq u (s
Now, Is there any longer any on|v ftfty muM in length and land
doubt as to why this election was thereabouts at the present time is
rushed on the people of this prov- sH|jlu, Iri,m om, hundred to three
nice without adequate notice. Am hundred dollars an acre. Now the
1 not right iu saying that lhe prem- ,mMmv guaranteed the bonds of thut
ler of this province knows right railwav to Ult. (>xt,,Ilt of , |)or mii
well that the longer this so called a|lll it y0u will turn up the public
contract, or rather this railway accounts of this province you will
policy is considered, the worse it will fm,| that iu thc seventeen vears tlie
be for this government? I say, province paid on that guarantee no
Mr. Chairman, that it is a matter |l>f:s a sum . thatl $;i87,00O, and that
of utter insignificance whether wm R0 (m f(„. t,iRht vears further.
Caven or myself is returned on the XsMe also the ease of the fokusp
25th of November compared with the & slocan railway. Onlv twenty-
gravity of this question which wc are eight miles in length. Here we have
called upon to decide. I think we already paid $l.'.l,00fl, or nearly
will convince you of its gravity lie- $500.00 a mile. Take Hie ease ol
fore wc are through. When I see, tiie Victoria «fc Sidncv railway. That
Mr. Chairman, budding politicians ,,,, 0f railway has the Citv of \ ic-
moving about the streets in their iorja. for ns terminus. It traverses a
hut ton-holing quests for votes; some gU,M| agricultural countrv and con-
ot them hirelings of the government, nects with a steam boat line and has
;ame wardens, who chiefly look after ■ connection by   rar   ferry with    the
political game; fire rangers, who try
to be vote rangers, when I sec this '
going on, it makes mc hope for the
day when their occupation as political agents will be gone; and men
will refuse to be influenced by any
consideration other than the merits
of great public questions; and I believe, Mr. Chairman, that In this
contest there is going to be a revelation in that regard and that
there is a lot of quiet thinking goiu,
on among the good people of the
City of Cranbrook; quiet thought
which will be given effect to in an
emphatic wav on tbe 25th of November.
But this is a degression. Let me
return to the consideration of this
railway policy. 1 have already
pointed out, Mr. Chairman, that it
is not a contract. However, we
have lo make the best of it and take
it as we find it. Let us consider
lirst the extent to which the govern
ment proposes to aid this railway.
Clause 1 of this memorandum reads:
The government of thc province of
British Columbia agree to guarantee
the bonds of the railway company
to the extent of $35,000 per mile of
said line built within the province,
together with interest thereon at the
rale of 4 per cent per annum payable half-yearly." Now, the prov-
riice are to guarantee the bonds ol
this company to the extent of
,000 per mile. Thc line is to lw
six hundred miles in length, running
from Yellowhead Pass down to
Kamloops and thence to Vancouver,
so that we have a bond guarantee
alone which totals up to the sum of
twenty-one millions of dollars. Now
lhe premier in speaking of the extent
ol our liability, stopped there if his
speech is correctly reported, and I
urn sure it would' be in Hie Herald
ami also in the Nelson News. He
stopped    a little too    soon. He
should have gone on further ami said
that they are guaranteeing the interest as well on these bonds at the
rule of I per cent. Whut will that
amount to? The Interest on $21,-
1100,000 will amount lo Skio.oiiO a
year, That is not in the memorandum, hut we have to take his
statement for that. This is another
occasion where we must exercise
fail li. However, if tbey ure to tie
thirty vear bonds, then on account
of the interest guarantee alone We
have a liability of about (25,000,000
in round numbers. We have then, a
liability of $21,000,000 on account iof
this bond guurantee and a liability
of $25,1100,000, approximately, on account of the interest guarantee.
That is the situation. The province
guarantees that there will be 1 per
cent interest earned on every
$35,000 invested in each mile of railway.
Now, we have, then, in addition to
that thc fact that they are subsidizing the Kettle Valley railway
from Pentlcton to Merritt, anil
granting a subsidy to that road of
$750,000.00. Now, sir, let no one be
misled by tlic statement that is
being made that thc province will
not be called upon to pay one cent
under the McKenz.le & Mann cuaran-
'ee. Tlie credit of the province is
pledged to that extent; its borrowing powers are reduced to that extent, and no minister of finance, with
anv regard for accuracy, would fail
lo charge It up as a liability
against the province. That liability
is just as tangible in the eyes of
bond Investors us a mortgage on a
house would lie.    It is mv deliberate
Oreat Northern railway. In that
ease you will think that il any road
should pay it would he this road,
running out of the City ol Victoria,
through a rich agricultural country,
but let me tell you that tlie province have paid on this guarantee
the sum of $.14,000 on this short line
of railway, eighteen miles in length.
The City of Victoria also have guarantee the bonds at 3 per cent and I
am not aware as to how much they
have been called upon to pay. So
that wc have the situation that the
province in thc past, when thev have
guaranteed lines of railway in this
way have been called upon to pay
under the conditions I have pointed
out. I will point out later that iu
he case of the Canadian Northern
railway it parallels existing lines. It
not opening op new country except to a very limited extent, so
that there is much greater reason to
fear that the province will he called
upon to pay under this present guarantee.
Now,     to   pass  on   to the   next
How is the province secured for
this enormous liability? Tbe government seem to recognize that sc-
urity is necessary, and that fact in
itself points to liability. There is
no need of looking for security if
there Is no danger ot ultimate liability, aud lierc I come hack to the
point I mentioned a while ago, when
said that tlic assertion of the
premier that the province will have a
first mortgage on this road within
lhe province is not onlv not found in
this memorandum, but it cannot possibly be in the final contract when il
is prepared, if it ever will he pre
pared. f say so for this reason.
The province, as you know, guari.n-
lees the bonds to the extent o
£35,000 a mile. It is admitted on
all hands that if they build this
road, as they claim they will on a
1-10 of 1 per cent grade that it will
cost at least $00,000 a mile. Mr. I).
D. Maun places it, I think, at $06,-
000 a mile. There are some portions; I believe, which will cost
more, Imt that is a fuir average
cost. Now, I put this simple question. How are the Canadian
Northern railway going to raise the
additional capital required to build
this road if they give u first mortage to the province? They will
have to go into the money murkets
of the world to raise the balance of
the capital required and that hai.
ance amounts to a great deal. It
will amount tn about nine millions
of dollars. Do you think that the
money tenders of thc world are going to advance the necessary capital
If thc province have a first mortgage on the line? They would have
no collateral security whatever to offer for this additional capital required. More than that, what is
this tioml guarantee itself hut a
first mortage. The position is
simply this: These very bonds that
the government are pledging their
total credit to protect is simply a
first mortgage in Itself and the
people who buy the bonds are the
first mortgagees. This is not an
obtuse question. II is perfectly
nlain. I would ask vou to consider
it, take time for reflection if necessary, ami I think you will agree
with me that the pretension that
this province can have a first nvot-
iragc on the line of railway within
this province is utterly nrcostcroir
and absurd. 1 say again II is r-n"
iu the    memorandum.      Is It     not
judgment  that the province is    very   important        enough to
there?        My argument is
that    it   Cannot    be   secured,     from
is that it   cannot be secured,    from
the very nature of the position, ami
1 again say you do not find that in
ihe memorandum,   or so-called agreement.    Vou only find it in the premier's    Speeches and  it  shouldn't even
be     there,    but   then   his    speeches
abound    in airy    fiction,     Now this
promise of a    first mortgage is one
which    I think    should   be carefully
considered, because if   we have   not
that security we will surely Itcsitale
to   incur     ihe liability.      Is it anv
wonder     that   Sir   Charles Hlbbert
Tupper,   an     eminent Conservative,
son   of a    former    premier     of this
country, himself one time a minister
of   justice, is it any Wonder that he.
looking into      tiie future,  comes out
practically    from retirement to warn
the    people of the     province against
bills contract   which he characterized
as "wild    and   unconsidered."     Hut
llie   premier     goes on   to   point out
Ihat there are other ways in   which
Un* province is secured and there is u
report of his remarks    in this regard
in the Cranhrook   Herald.      Now let
me   examine    his further contention.
He   says—1     am   reading   from   his
speech in   Cranbrook—"Now for this
line of road it is proposed that  tb
government     of     British     Columbia
should    guarantee     the     company's
bonds to thc    extent of $35,0000 per
mile I    per   cent,     30 year bonds,"
and then he asks, "What do we    re-1
ceive?     We receive a first  murtgago
on the line from Yellowhead Pas** to
Harelav   Sound.        A first mortgage
Wc   come    before anyone   else."     1
wonder where   tbe bondholders   will
come in.      But be evidently realizes
that this position is not tenable and
he goes on to convince the people, if
possible,     that   there is   other adequate security.     To read further, .he
says: "A gentleman connected    with
ne of the    railway companies    said
o me    the other day,  "what is lhe
good     of   the   Canadian     Northern
bonds?    Their line is mortgaged   al!
the way through."     Vou will notice
that admission    on the part of   the
premier that   the   line of the Canadian Northern railway is mortgaged
atl across this country.     But what 1
wish   to draw your    attention to is
his statement   that they have a covenant    binding the   entire system of
C.N.R.   to indemnify     the province.
To quite his words he says: "In addition to     the   first mortgage,    we
releive a covenant ot the whole   and
entire Canadian Northern system    to
save this province harmless from any
responsibility hy reason of this   endorsement."'    Now, there is nothing
obscure as to what such a covenant
means.      We are apt, in considering
large questions where laree sums   of
money are involved, to get confused
unless we think clearly, and perhaps
not    fully   understand the situation.
What   is thc   meaning   of this bond
they   claim      they   will   get on the
whole system   ot "the Canadian Northern.      It is no   different    than    a
bond between individuals; and if vou
iad to take    a    bond from another
man, your first natural inquiry would
he as    to   his financial standing; as
to   whether      or   not his   standing
warranted lhe obligation to the extent demanded.     Now   what is   the
losition   so    far   as   the   Canadian
Northern railway is     concerned.     I
take   the premier's answer.     He admits that    it is rnoitgaged all    the
"   through      and he    tries    in   >
feeble way   to     get awav from  that
startling   admission,     which he     is
forced to make by  saying:  "Well,  so
is   every line on the continent m'-rt-
raged."      I challenge     that    statement,   hut at    all   events it is not
■naterial     here.       We are cm •■cnn-d
only   with       tire   question    as    to
whether or    not   we have adequate
security    so     far   as the Canadian
Northern   is     nothing.     We have    a
bond binding the   entire system, hut
even    according   to the premier the
whole line js morttrai't-d. as evervom
'.hows,   all   throtiirh lhe middle west
Provinces and bonded on to the hilt.
Then he refers   to their other assets.
Let us quote the premier attain,   lie
states, "the Canadian Northern       i-
■•ntitled at the   present time to    at
least   JI.UKiO.OflO of euuities in their
'ands    which    still   remain unsold."
Now. when   he   savs "at least itlfl,-
000,000," T   venture to say he hasn't
accurate   statement.     When you
are   dealing  with    equities, you "are
dealing with an uncertain asset.   The
oqitltv that is   left in anv lands held
hv the Canadian Northern is simply
their value, aftpr thev satisfy all incumbrances against them and the demands   of    capitalists who have alreadv made advances, and 1 point out
this that even taking the statement
of    the premier    he dare not   place
their value limber    than $10.000 000.
No wonder he simplv wished to state
that   the    liability nf   this province
was twenty-one    millions ot dollars.
tf he lind stated, as tbe fact is, that
the liability is forty-five millions   of
dollars, you would see at once    how
I'hsurd it is to speak of thc covenant
taken   from    the Canadian Northern
railway when, acenrdine to his own
statement,  lhe    value of their equities amounts to only $10,000,000.
Now, h-t us pass on to another
phase of ibis astonishing policy.
whieh tlie electors   are asked to hur
riedly ratify on the 25th of November. What is lhe province to obtain fot this gieat liability to be undertaken if not voted down on the
J'rth of November? One would
naturally expect that when we are
incurring t-bis enormous liability that
•ve would Imve a road that would
u up new country to develop*-
ment. bring m the rancher and lar-
iiei in its wake, lo till tho soil and
Increase the assets ol tin* province,
and develop the country so that we
would liavo more shoulders lo hear
the burden of taxation and 1 urn
sure that after listening tti U>e premier, Unless you listened carefully,
you would probably come to the conclusion thai it was a great colonization road, opening up the province.
Whal is the situation'' It is simply
this. This road, at the present
tune, is built for alnuit if) or f>0
miles west of the City ol Kdmon-
lon, thai is, almost up lo the confines of the province of British Columbia. The proposed route of this
road follows, as you will notice hy
the map, the Brand Trunk Pacific
from Yellowhead Pass down to
Cranbury Lake and then comes south
to Kamloops, a distance of two
hundred miles and from thence to
Vancouver, paralleling the old line of
the C.P.R. I do not want to go
into details, but I want to call your
attention to this feature that this
road for which we arc to incur
this enormous liability is a paralleling line ot road. ' There is only
two hundred miles of country which
can be in any sense regarded as
new country, and I needn't tell you
.hat even so far as this 200 miles is
concerned, down to Kamloops, that
it is noi built there with the idea of
opening up new country. They are
simply following the North Thompson river to get the best grade. It
is not undertaken with the idea of
opening up a new country. Now,
:oing west from Kamloops, as I
■tau-d a moment ago, it parallels the
fine of the C.P.R. practically into
he City of Vancouver. Now. will
anyone say that this is a great colonization road, opening up new coun-
to development, or will anyone
gainsay the fact that it is coloniza-
Iod. roads that are needed fnthis
rovince? The premier refers to it
s a great arterial highway. "Ar-
!-rtal," he calls it. I rather like
the word. I think it is rather sug-
■slive. It suggests the bleeding ot
the province. Rut what, I ask, aro
the benefits to be obtained? Let
us take the premier's statement
and see if it will stand the light of
criticism. lie tells us—you have
heard him say so—that the province
will get the benefit of railway
competition, cheaper freight rates.
Well, I would point out, Mr. Chairman, that even if it were true that
hippers of eastern Canada (because
it will largely lie through freight)
should get the benefit of cheaper
rates, it would not afiord much
comfort to those- of us iu Southern
British Columbia, who are in need
of railways to read of reduced freight
rates elsewhere and take comfort
while we wait construction, Hut
is there any truth in tins'' Is it
baseh on fact'' I say it is not. You
know, Mr. chairman, that wc have
a hoard of railway commissioners in
this country appointed by the Dominion government some eight years
ago. The railway hoard gives entire satisfaction to the people of this
country ami one of the main functions is that they have absolute i*on-
trol ov»-r freight rates. There was
. lime, about eight yi-ars ago, when
it was a matter of some importance
to have competing liri'-s of railway
lo lower freight rates, but that time
is bappfly past and the premier is
about eight years behind the times
in the argument I have just referred
to. I only need to call this to
'ir attention to show at once that
there is nothirit: at all inthe claim
that we will get a reduction of
freight rates hy tin* construction of
'his line.
Now. what is lbe next contention?
What is the next benefit to be obtained, because this naturally is a
legitimate subject of inqnirv. Wc
are not going to incur a liability
without corresponding advantages.
We want to secure some commensurate benefits foi the people of this
•rovince if we are goine to make
his outlay. What docs he claim?
'fe savs it docs open un new country north of Kamloops for a distance
ot 200 miles. Well. I have no desire
to press the matter, but a liability
of 11.1,000,000 would, 1 suggest, be a
little too much tor opening up new
country to that extent, However,
the fact is this: At the present time,
the C.P.R. have plans filed and t
route syrveyed from the north down
to Kamloops and the nronabilitv is
that they will also utilize that route,
and it mav he that the Grand Trunk
Pacific will come that wav, so that
if these plans are carried out, Mils
railway will not even onen un 200
miles of new country. It will he
•>aralteling other roads throughout
its wholf length.
Now, are there any other benefits,
any other ndvantages to he derived
hy the people of this province'' I
know nf no other.    Can anyone sug-
(Cotitinucd on page four.) m
2.00 A YJJAIl
(JUAN lt[{(>()lv 11EUALD
Uy tbe Herald   Publishing Company,
F. J. Deane, Managing Editor.
The gathering at the Cranbrook
restaurant on Wednesday evening,
when the staff ol the Herald assembled Ior the purpose ot bidding
farewell to the Old Man, Fred. K.
Simpson, founder and proprietor ol
this paper until a lew days ago, was
a noteworthy event in many respects. Apart altogether from the
relations that have always existed
between Mr. Simpson and his stall,
relations which stamp him as a
broad-minded, considerate man, the
occasion was ono of quite considerable moment. Mr. Simpson is severing his connection with an institution that has played no small part in
making Cranbrook what it is today,
lu the conduct ot the Herald Mr.
Simpson naturally did not please
everybody—he would not have achiev-
ed success had he attempted so to
do. Hut the universal opinion ex-
I ressed in this city today is one of
sincere regret that Mr. Simpson has
Urn compelled to retire (rom the
editorial control of the Herald. lie
was alwavs loyal to the best interests of the city, true to his Iriends
and never afraid to speak out, when
he was convinced of the necessity foi
plain speech. Never an extremist in
either provincial or municipal politics, he always took a stand for
what he honestly believed to be thc
test in the Interests that his paper,
ever since its inception, has so faithfully and, it can fairly he said, so
lahly served. This straightforward, manly course, gained Ior him
lhe esteem of the great bulk ol the
citizens of I'ranbrook and of the residents of the surrounding districts,
as well as the sincere respect ol
those who could not always nee eye
to eve with liim. Cranbrook is un.
doubtcdly losing the services of a
"booster" of the best type in Mr.
Simpson's withdrawal from newspaper work. We believe we but express the unanimous wish of every
citizen of Cranhrook, when we say
Ihat wc sincerely hope Mr. Simpson
will soon return to this city, with
health completely restored, and prepared to engage in a business that
will keep him here as a permanent
It is only possible to make very
brief reference to the public meeting
held iu tin- Auditorium last night,
when such important addresses were
delivered by Mr. M. A. Macdonald,
the Liberal candidate in Cranbrook,
and Mr. John Oliver, the provincial
Liberal leader, Sufliee it to say for
the present that Mr. Maedouald
clearly demonstrated his fitness for
the honorable position of representative of this important riding in the
legislature at Victoria. Mr. Macdonald's able and convincing speech,
the thorough grasp he displayed of
provincial affairs and tlte splendid
sobriety of all his statements, mark-
'ed him as        a       man
bound        to     take       a front
place among the legislators ot this
province, and whether on the government or the opposition side of the
house he will he able to render valuable .services to his constituency
and to the province. Mr. John
Oliver convinced even the most
sceptical of his high qualifications tor
the arduous task of party leader. Mis
clear, sane, views on all public questions discussed were such as to win
tor him the hearty respect of all his
auditors. Moreover his vigorous and
withal critical analysis of the McHride railway policy, stamped him
as a man or lirst-class business ability. It was made very apparent to
Hie large audience that Mr. Oliver
does not rely upon tint arts ol n
jollier to win the favor ol thc electors. He aims to convince intelligent men by tbe fairness and the
strength of his arguments, liis long
and honorable public record stamp
him as a man worthy in every respect of the confidence o! the electors of this province and we cannot
hut think that the time is near at
hand when that confidence will lie expressed in no uncertain manner.
There is one point in reference to
the issues of the present campaign,
whieh we think cannot be too seriously considered by the electors of
the various-municipalities throughout tin1 province. Kor years past
the Liberal opposition have heen endeavoring to secure better terms tor
the municipalities, and not with standing that the McHride government
prrdfl themselves upon their "better
terms" attitude, the Liberal opposition were never able to convince them
ol the justice ol the claims ol the
municipalities. John Oliver, the
leader ol the Liberal party, true to
his past record, throughout the present campaign, is declaring in emphatic terms for the carrying out of
this   policy. To quote   his   own
"I believe in local self-government
In regard to municipal affairs and I
would point out that the present administration bas taken away a measure of self-government Irom the municipalities. You have a cumbersome, unworkable municipal act, lull
of technicalities, of legal pitrfalls,
making tt impossible Ior a man to do
anything for a community without
beiini dragged to court. I want to
see it simplified and when thc powers
ol a municipality arc laid down let
il settle thc details.
"You -have had the burden ot
maintaining schools added to your
municipal burdens, hut can any man
tell me where tlie government has
t'f'en any corresvonding increase ot
revenue. We bavn heard a great
deal of better terms. Tho Liberal
party stands for lietter terms for the
carry the burdens imposed on tbem.
aq-j %n\\y\ oSb tuna.. 0*1 posodojd o\\
power ol assessing and taxing per-
muiileipalities,     lo   enable   them to
sonal property be transferred to the
municipalities. Tlte government fn-
■oked the speaker's aid to throw our
.(•solution out. Lasi session we renewed our proposal and one of lhe
ministers got up and admitted the
income of the municipalities was
not sufficient, hul tho government
(ailed to do anything to remedy
that. If you do your duty and elect
a Liberal government one ot our j
iirst ads will he to pass an act to
transfer Ihal personal properly tax
to the municipalities, where it belongs."
The Moyie Leader republishes that
long since contradicted story about
Hi. (ialliher having declared his approval of Die Maiiii-Mcllride railway
policy. The Leader should keep itself and its readers a little hetter
posted on the news ol the day, even
.1 thai news should fail to strengthen
the editor's prejudice iu favor of a
discredited railway policy—discredited by the defection of the two besl
of the premier's own colleagues iu
the cabinet, and by many other
iromincnt Conservatives. Is Brother Smyth's judgment an this policy
more to lie relied upon than the
opinion of the late minister of finance? Nay, verily, it cannot be.
Much as we esteem our lakeside
friend, we prefer to accept the condemnation of Capt. Tatlow rather
I ban the Leader's inconsiderate approval.
In this serious crisis every thoughl-
,ul elector should ask himself upon
whose judgment ean he most euufld-
nily rely. • Is thu Howser-McHride
iiidgment on the Mann-made railway
policy the correct one? Or is the
condemnation of it hy Ministers Tat-
ow aud Kulton justified by the
.acts? These gentlemen thought it
,o indefensible, so injurious to the
iiue interests of the province that
Jiey refused to become iu any way
responsible for it; and they made
emphatic protest against it by re-
.iguiug their portfolios, thus sacriiie-
ng their private Intcrestc to the
public welfare. A policy that Ihey,
.nowing the inside facts, felt iili-
jclled to so markedly condemn, cannot tie one that the electorate at
large should approve of. Everybody
..nows the Howserian rashness and
imprudence of statement, where facts
are concerned; and equally everyone
• iiows the McHride method ol "playing the game," so that he mav hold
tin to the sweets of olhee. The
iiidgment of two such gamcy politicians cannot be compared to that of
atitlemen of the high standing ol
Messrs. Tatlow and Fulton. And
now comes the emphatic condemnation of so good a Tory as Sir lllb-
iert Tapper, who characterizes the
McHride policy as "wild and unconsidered," and announces that he will
mark his disapproval of it hv voting
he full Vancouver Liberal ticket.
There is surely "something rotten"
in    a policy    that receives such em-
hatlc condemnation by Conservative
leaders, whose opinions ou public affairs, would, a month ago, have been
received by the whole party with uu
luestioued approval. Surely then
lheir judgment in this matter should
V accepted and followed by the
i 'onservative electorate throughout
lie province. This is no strife between Liberals and Conservatives
ilone, It is one between a sane and
:eiisible policy ol provincial development, and thc rash crippling ol the
•itihlie credit to tbe enormous extent
.if $16,000,000, in order to secure n
road that cannot in any sense be
regarded as a development railway.
Kor a liability of $23,000,000 Manitoba got 1200 miles of C.N.R., developing new territory. Under the
McHride policy, for a liability of
$45,000,000 British Columbia is to
get only 200 miles of C.N.H. in new
"Premier McHride says he is going
to put a fair wage clause in the railway contracts; that he is not going
to have yellow labor. You know
what his record and that of his
arty is on the question. In 100K,
on two diflerent occasions, when the
Liberals propose!) t-o put it in, in one
ease a clause which would prohibit
Asiatic labor, aud in another to
make the wages payable the current
rate of wages payable to white workmen, iu both cases our proposals
were turned down by a unanimous
vote of (the Conservatives in the
legislature."—John Oliver in his address to Voung Liberals of Victoria.
"It was said Asiatic labor was to
he guarded against. The province
had a recent example of the government's insincerity In thai regard.
During thc discussion ol the exemption ol the E. * N. on its Welling-
ton-Alberni extension the opposition
moved that Asiatic labor be prohibited; it was pointed out that if i thev
were given exemption thc least tbey
could do was to employ white labor
only. Premier MeBride drew the
red herring of Ottawa across llie
trail ami refused to consider the
resolution, putting in one of his own
which he said would he just ns
strong. In spite of this when Japs
were cutting the price on ties three
to live cents, and he complained to
the minister of public works, the
statement was made by thc superintendent of the K. & N. that cutting
ties had nothing to do with railway-
const ruction! This was an instance
of how tho MeBride government and
its supporters veiled white and acted
rellow.'J-H. Brewster, ex-M.P.P. at
Saturday Sunset: "The railway
policy of the government is patchy,
ambiguous, Inadequate and specious.
It il honeycombed witb Ifs, mayles
and omissions. That it has been
craftily planned as a vote-catcher
must lie admitted. It is a scheme
to get the most votes at the smallest cost."
lion. W. J. Bowser's political hide
should be found nailed to tlic barn
door   on the    morning ot November
2f>. As attorney-general be has introduced thc very worst political
practices into the department, says
the Vancouver Saturday Sunset. His
record in ollice has been one of
bluff, failure and spoliation. His
department has been used for political purposes as much as it has been
devoted to the interests of the province. The incompetence and absolute lack ol discipline and organization in the provincial police is
notorious. The reason is that the
force has lieen made a heaven for the
cheap politician wilh a local pull.
\ppoiiilmeiits are made hy political
pull, not because of police proficiency.
bvell the handing out of briefs has
heen used for political purposes.
Cheap heelers in this city have acted reputable lawyers on the
eels of Vancouver to tell them
ihey had a brief to give out. In at
least one case it was Indignantly refused.
The Bowser organization in this
ly is characterized by the same
brazen indecency found in many
American cities. lt is a notorious
fact that it is Hoescrite first and
Conservative next. Anyone who
would suggest that it was au organization in the interests of clean and
progressive government would be regarded as a Quixotic candidate for
the bughouse. Bowserism is the
very worst element in the politics of
Ibis province today and the Vancouver electorate should scotch the Bowser serpent on November 25 and relieve the government from the incubus
<[ Bowserism for all time.
Whal has W. It. Boss ever done lo
dvance the interests of the laboring
people? Can he come forward with
auy proof that he ever tried to heller their conditions while he was in
the house? Was it he and his clique
that tried to oppose the license for
ihe Workingman's club in this city?
In his capacity as paid solicitor for
lhe C.N.P. Coal company has he not
had to oppose the workers most of thc
ie? His own party did not think
enough of him to give him a long
coveted portfolio. Verily his days
are numbered in 1009.—Fernie Ledger.
The legal firm of Wilson, Senkler
,V Illoomfield, the oldest in the city
of Vancouver, has dissolved. The
senior partner, Charles Wilson, was
formerly attorney-general. H. J.
Senkler is one of the Liberal candi-
lates for Vancouver,    He says:
"Mr. Wilson intimated that as the
lirm of Wilson, Senkler & Bloom-
lleld drew a considerable sum ifrom
he patronage of the provincial government, the acceptance of thc
nomination for the Liberal party in
this city by myself was incompatible
with my partnership in the firm. I
said in that event I would resign
forthwith. I have done so, and the
firm of Wilson, Senkler & Bloom field
no longer exists."
Commenting on this The World
says: "In view of the fact that ig
davs gone by Mr. Senkler did all lie
could to facilitate Mr. Wilson's
search for political honors, the denouement was somewhat surprising.
The firm of Wilson, Senkler & Bloom-
field is one" of the eldest in the city,
and It says something for the tremendous nature of the issues involved
in the election that its dissolution
should he one of the first eonse-
liieiices of the struggle."
Charles W. Munro will again be the
Lilieral standard bearer in Chilli-
wack. He long ago announced his
intention to withdraw from public
life, but strong pressure was
brought lo bear upon him to run on
this occasion and his loyalty to John
Oliver prevailed over his personal Inclinations, it is practically a foregone conclusion that his acceptance
'if the nomination means his elct-
tion, Kvery Liberal in B. C. will
'earn with pleasure that Charley
Munro is to continue a member of thc
I'o the Kditor:
Sir—Certain information that the
construction of the Kootenay Central
railway would proceed, would mean
an immediate increase in the value of
all property in this town and dis-
rlcl of from 25 to 50 per cent. Such
(-formation is not as yet obtainable.
tMiile it appears to lie the im-
loubtcd intention of thu C.P.H. to
construct this railway—railway com-
i Mentions such as might easily arise
out of the new railway policy of the
government, stringency in the money
markets or other causes, may lead to
:ts being again delayed.
Kwr since HHJ1 successive, govcru-
ueiits have lieen pledged to revive the
subsidy granted to this company.
This subsidy net included also a sub-
ildy of ihe government to revive
his act, hut only In so far as the
Midway and Vernon is concerned,
This eompanv has never let its venule lapse, as Is the ease with the
Midway railway, although it iwas
never in possession of thc Dominion
iml provincial subsidies at one time,
ns the oilier company was. All
that was ever asked was for thc
company to he put in a position of
financing its road on equal terms
with what all the other roads could
afford to offer.
Tin1 delay occasioned hy thc inability of thc government to carry lout
this former railway policy, forced
lhe Kootenay Central company,
which had been up to that time an
independent concern, to accept the
assistance of the C.P.R. in order to
Deserve its rights. Such an alliance
was in every sense legal and was
fully provided for in tbe act of incorporation. But the government
has supposed that with such apparently strong support the company
did not need any further assistance,
and Ihat thc government wns thereby
absolved of its pledges, which had
been so often and so solemnly given.
The circumstances, however, were
not such as to enable tlic Kootenay
Central company to command any
certainly as to 'the construction of
the railway. The government In
consequence was ashed to obtain
from the C.P.H. nnd make good lo
tbe    company tbe absolute
Dress Goods
Our stock of Dress Goods is the most complete
in this district, and for
we  have   decided   to   give   our   Lady   Customers   the
chance to obtain Ooods at Wholesale Prices.
Below we give you several examples of the prices
which you will be unable to duplicate elsewhere for
the same quality of goods.
Wool Crepe,       -      reg. $i.oo for 65c.
In several different shades.
Our All Wool Tweeds, reg. 85c. for 55c.
Suitable for School Dresses, Skirts, etc.
Meltons,     -      -      reg. $1.40 for $1.10
in Grey, Plum, Oreen and Black
Panamas and Voiles, reg. 1.00 for 65c.
In Cream and White, suitable for evening wear.
Our stock of TRiriMINOS to match the above is
the largest and most varied in the Interior, and we are
offering these at prices which are practically cut in two.
it was said to possess, iu which case
the demand for a subsidy would be
withdrawn. It was urged that
those who had brought the venture
to the state it was then in, and
whose interests are still vested in tlie
company, ought to tie safeguarded. In
this connection it might lie observed
that iu point of mileage und in the
importance of the country it was to
servo the Kootenay Central was the
greatest undertaking of the kind then
inaugurated In the province, outside
of the main line and B. 0. Southern
branch of the C.P.H, But the government was satisfied that the matter mi-«led no further consideration.
The sale of the C.P.H. lands in the
valley nnd the cutting down of the
grade nt Field, made the vufuce of
the connection less urgent to the C.
P.II. and at dilTerent pariods up to
last winter the matter was in a very
critical condition.    Ami now at   the
resent, time there Ih no certainty
Ihat delays may not intervene.
There wus not a word said in Justification of the Canadian Northern
.ensure that could not he justly urged of the Kootenay Central. Except that in addition (he Kouteuay
Central bus .received the solemn assurances of three successive administrations that assistance would tie
. ranted, The company nt the time
, of its incorporation was invited to
build the railway and received from
the ministers who were representing
the province in London, written
guarantees as regards the suhisdy
measure, for which thc company had
stipulated. Apart, however, from
the question of equity to the railway
company, the interests in the valley
are so important and the countless
enterprises which arc now in suspense so urgently need transportation
that the railway is claimed or
should he claimed by the people as a
In the town of Cranhrook it Is felt
that the size and importance of thc
town itself, together with thc great
investments of the merchants in it,
deserhe that the construction should
have especial relation to the town.
This is plainly a most just demand.
But the company forced to build
economically through the neglect ol
the province to assist It can lie reasonably expected to take as generous
a view ot these necessities ar It
ol hei wise would feel bound to do.
In view of the productiveness of
the country aud the amount of revenue it now contributes, the subsidy
would lie only a trilling charge. The
many resolutions of the Boards of
Trade and of the Associated Boards
of Trade, petitions to parliament and
other public indications of the general opinion both as to the necessity
for thc railway aud of the justness
of the subsidy' being granted arc
still fresh in the memory of all.
A good assurance that the subsidy
witl he granted iu any political exigency, at the coming session would
doubtless he immediately followed hy
a binding promise of construction.
Some distinct intimation of public
opinion, irrespective entirely of poll-
tics, would inevitably leatl the government to recognize the necessity of
securing thnt the railway is ut once
made 11 certainty,
C. Iliingerfors Pollen,
President K.C.It. Co.
Nov. X, |!)0«,
p, C. Wade, K.C, ot Vancouver,
and one of the live Liberal winners
Humiliated to contest the terminal
city, will address a public meeting
iu Feline on Saturday night In the
interests of the candidature of A. I.
Fisher, Liberal standard bearer in
the Kemie riding. Mr. Wade is a
miblic speaker of wide repute. He
has made a special study of Ithc
rival railroad policies of MeBride and
the Liberal party and may he relied
upon to deliver a. convincing speech
to the coal city electors.
Mr. Wade returns to Cranbrook on
Sunday and leaves for Nelson on
Monday to address a public meeting
there in the evening in thc Interests
-if Liberal candidate', K. A. Crease.
During Mr. Wade's short stay In
Crnnhroo k he will be pleased to
meet as many of the Liberal
workers as possible, and Campaign
Secretary Huchcroft is arranging for
the executive committee to confer
with him during his stay here,
Phone 271. P. O. Box 20.
Friends und supporters address
Liberal Committee,
P. O. Boi 20.
Cranbrook Trading Co.
Phone 183
P.O. Box A-
Harness and Harness Repairing
Flour, Feed,  Hay,  and  Grain
Shipping  Orders  receive   Prompt   Attention
We 111*11 not iiovWh nt Mm
I'liHltii'hH, lint run trntllniltfi llili'l.
hn" tl.v on your work to tin it
mini I', nml 11 ittmri'iiln lor
rrmiltH lint'ki'il l.y 22 jtiib i-xpor.
The Painter & Decorator
P.O. BOX 33      PHONE 111
Read the Herald TUX   OBANBROOK   HAHALU
Yesterday was nomination day for
the provincial elections. The pro-
ceedings locally were of a purely
formal nature, the nomination papers
of the respective candidates being
turned in to Returning Officer A.
Shunkland by their agents. There
wns no spcechmaMng.
The candidates nominated arc:
MALCOLM ARCHIBALD MACDONALD, barrister, Cranbrook, Liberal. Proposed liy Dr. .1. II.
King, .seconded by J. G. McCalluni,
and assented to by W. Halsall, 1>. .1.
McSweyn and Ceo. lloggarlli.
R. conductor, Cranbrook, Conservative, Propositi by J, P. Fink,
scconileli hy A. P. Macdonold, Movie,
ami assTiited to by P. PeVere lliinl,
V, Hvde Baker und (I. T. Rogers,
chant, of Moyie, Socialist. Proposed hy Jus. Robot-Is, seconded by
TIlOS. Kelly, and nssented to Ihy
John Taylor, m. Torpy and 0. »\.
Holland, nil of Moyie.
M. A. Macdonald, the Liberal candidate, held uu entirely siinesslul
meeting nt Fort. Steele on Wednesday
evening. There was n large attendance nnd the utmost interest was
displayed by all present iu tbo pro-
iii-diiigs, practically the unanimous
verdict ol the meeting being that in
M. A. Macdonald the Liberals hud
md only placed u winner in the
Hold, but that a man ot his ability
would he u distinct eredit to the
constituency, whether occupying u
seat on the government or the op.
position side of the house.
Dr. Watt occupied the chair, and
in his introductory remarks, that
well known Liberal stalwart spoke
very hopefully, not only of the outcome ioeally, which he regarded as a
foregone conclusion, but of the prospects for Liberalism throughout thc
Dr. King, ex-M.P.P. and Mr. M. A.
Macdonald were the only speakers.
They held the close attention of the
large audience throughout their addresses and were greeted with continued outhursts of applause, indicating clearly that thc sympathies of
those present were with them heart
and soul in this campaign.
Mr. Macdonald devoted the greater
part of his time to another thorough
analysis of thc MeBride railwav
policy, showing a masterv of detail
and grasp of the essential details,
not only in regard to McBride's
lined hy Liberal Leader Oliver, thai
"gold brick," but of the policv out-
calls for a greater development of
railroad construction, at a far smaller cost to tlie people and throughout its length and breadth, opening up
new territory.
Proceedings closed with cheers for
the candidate and the King.
the B.   0, Electric railroads to   thc
west of   the   Hope mountains,     uud
with thc     V.,    V. ■& E., the Kettle
Valley   railway   und   the    Canadian
Northern railway, to the east of the
mountains.     It this were done, running    rights eould be granted to  nil
these roads,    on a basis similar    to
that on   which   rights   of a similar
character are given   to run over   tlic
railway bridge at New Westminster.
"1 may say that 1 have good reason    lo   feel     sure that a Dominion
subsidy enu bo obtained for the Canadian Northern, providing it adopts
this   route,    as   a road through the
Hope mountains    is looked upon hy
the Dominion    government—and it is
so looked upon hy everyone acquainted with the situation iu the interior
—as being ol great importance to the
development of the province.    On the
other hand, 1 ean     see no reason for
expecting aid from the Federal government for the proposed    route, especially    wilh    pint of it paralleling
lhe tirmid Trunk PneUic, uud purl ol
it    paralleling the   Canadian Pad He
iillwny im 2M) miles.
"The biggest, objection to the Mc-
Uriila government's method of aiding
the mad is thai it ties up the eredit
of the province lo such uu enormous
i*\li*nl for au indefinite peiiod, which
would   make it     impossible for    the
province to provide assistance alone
llie same lines    lor oilier rouds.     II
simply means, in etTecl, thut by this corroltornt
agreement, the electors of British Co-
luiiibia are asked to hand over to the
Conservative party, which 'happens to
be at    present in power at Victoria,
financial credit which will cfluetuulty
put u brake on railway development
in    thu    province   for   un indefinite
"1 do uot take any stock in lbe
proposition lo run a car ferry from
English Blutf, one of the most exposed points on the coast, to Vancouver
Island. Immense expenditure will be
entailed in making a harbor and
building a breakwater in a situation
not nt all adapted for the purpose.
What end eould possibly he served by
this part of the proposal, especially
when there is fifty miles of water-
frontage available on the Fraser
river, as well as the waterfront age
on Durrani Inlet?"
tiouul, and had then lormed the opinion, never since changed, that the
Old Man thoroughly understood bis
business. As a brother newspaperman, he wished to express as strongly as possible his sincere admiration
of tbe many admirable qualities the
Old Man hud invariably displayed
throughout liis newspaper career in
Cranbrook. As the publisher of a
neighboring paper, one who had
started on a shoe string, he had had
repeated occasions to recogni/.c the
old Man's fraternal good will.
Whether he was short id type, paper,
ink or even of cash, he had always
lound Fred. Simpson ready to tide
him ovpMUs troubles. Fred Smyth
went on tti relate several incidents
which emphasized the line traits in
the Old Man's character and which
hml gained lor him the sincere friendship ot the craft throughout the
II. 10. Connolly,    business manager
of the     Herald, although a comparatively new comer, only having     iieeu
associated with tin- Herald for   ithe
t   three   months,  added  his  testi-
Reports coining into Cranbrook
Irom the sotithern portion of Columbia electoral confirm the favorable
tidings heretofore received concerning
tho prospects of Liberal Candidate
Hiiekliam. The latest advices front
tho Windermere district are to tho
effect Ihat Mr. Huckham is everywhere meeting with splendid receptions atid no shadow of doubt is expressed but that he will head the
pull with a substantial majority.
1'. Lund, manager nf the Crows
Nest Pass Lumber company, and wife
returned last, week Irom an extended
tour ol tlie Southwestern States anil
Mexico. Mt. Lund returns jubilant
over llritish Columbia. In i\ methodical way he studied the various
communities thnt lie visit.nl from a
business standpoint ami said tltat today there was im country on oarth
Hint offered belter opportunities tu
tlie eapitalisi or tlie vrogc-carncr
than British Columbia. Here wc
have the great lust west, where any
man ni energy anil determination can
make a success, Here lliey have
lands, mines, timber nnd agricultural
opportunities thai will give any man
a chance who wants tn go ahead in
this world. "Nn man," continued
Mi. Lund, "can lind n better eountrj
llinn Brlllsli Columbia, in whieh in
locate and no sect inn nf this prov-
ii  is better llinn Hie Kootonays.
HU.I,     I'll:   I I'     CREDIT      UK
John Oliver, the Ulrorol leader, In
u recent ljttervlow nu Lho coast, mado
Interesting re eronco In Hie McHride
government railway policy uud ihe
I Hie Liberal parti towards
und   Mann, Hie chiel bane
,ii i ii mi.
. iiiulei Hie McUride de.il
Mr. Ollvoi rcmarkod that, ns n
mul lei uf cuurse, mi) railway com-
pan) proponing lo build in British
Columbia, or ui .nn othei province,
wuuld iteui wiln Hie government, Hie
lulltv iu pnwel. "I lune slated le
pcutcdl',    he    continued, "that  we
Ule  uni    n|l|i,iseil      tn   llie Coming ni
Hie Canadian Northern, but me
anxious lo bring il in. The difference between us uml the MeBride administration Is purely n difference .1
method. Our belief is tli.it Hie
great Importaneo nf Ibis difference nl
method will be recognized by the
penplc, and Ihat we shall he given nu
opportunity of demonstrating the
superiority of lhe method wc advocate.
"My proposition wmild he In roi
the Dominion and Provincial eor-li
subsidies for life road from Yellowhead, down the North Thorn" '
Kamloops; then by wav of Nicola
Ufke to Merrill, up the Coldwater
In the .Summit, down the Conmahalla
to Hope, and thence to tlie coast.
"I understand tlte Canadian Northern objects to building through the
Hope mountains on account of     the
monv to the koixI    feeling nml ttHoc
'  thnt existeii     between tlie   OM
Man anil his Mali.
I*'. .1, Donne, who has token over
tin- editorial management or the
Herald, nlsu hail a lew remarks to
ilTor, He hail known tlie Old Man
I manv years stud could
all that, hail been said
as to his splendid qualities us a
newspaperman. Mr. Deane remarked
i hat he bad experienced some of the
sniiny side of nowspapor work in tlie
west and had always found in the
old Man a kindly uud jj-enerous sympathize, lie \vish?d, particularly,
to emphasize the remarks made by
Mr. Simpson regarding the good feeling that had always prevailed between himself aad (lie members o!
the staff. It was only on those
terms that the best results in newspaper work eould be obtained, and
from his brief experience in the Herald ollice, during which he had already been compelled to make rather
excessive calls upon the staff, he had
utmost confidence that the   good
that he has the united support uf the
railroad men.
$1*1.00 suits $8.C0.-C. C, S.
McLaren's cheese fresh this week at
Kink's Pure Food Grocery.
Hugh Stewart, the confectioner,
has received the largest consignment
of confectionery ever brought into
Cranbrook. The shipment weighs
mm pounds..
Our speeial sale of shoes still continues. Special prices again on
Saturdav.—A. C. I've, Rogers' old
Don't     forget   ou
home made biscuits.
the market.-
Tlie new school building is making
slow progress towards completion
and within four weeks from today,
should be ready   fur occupation.     A
nload   ot furniture for   the school,
drinks and
preserves, the best on
-.1.   Manning, the Cash
The Herald stall foregathered at
the Cranbrook restaurant on Wedne
day evening io participate in a farewell supper with their late chief, "Old
Man" F. E. Simpson, who is leaving
for California shortly, where he will
spend several months recuperating.
In addition to the regular stall,
there were present Mr. Joseph Ryan,
an old and valued correspondent;
Mr. Fred Smyth, editor of the
Moyie Leader, and one of the Old
Man's oldest friends and acquaintances in British Columbia, and Mr.
Thos*.. Roberts, the representative of
the new proprietors of the Herald.
After generous attention had lieen
devoted to the excellent repast provided by Mrs. Dupont and Miss
Kimpton, Foreman Reed read the following address to the Old Man:
Dear iir. Simpson:
We, tlie undersigned members of
the Herald stall, desire to take advantage of this opportunity to give
tangible expression to our appreciation of the unvarying kindness and
manly fair play we Imve alwavs received at your hands.
We regret very sincerely that the
condition of your health bas necessitated the severance of our relations
and earnestly hope that your proposed trip to California will prove
as beneficial to your health ns you
can desire.
We ask you to accept this suit ease
as a small mark of our esteem and
friendship, ami as a souvenir ot the
many mutually pleasant days wc
have worked together in the'Herald
We all unite in wishing you and
our good wife the host of health
ml main years ot prosperity, to he
spent, we hope and trust, within tho
Iwundaries of 'The Banana Belt."
whieh you havo done so much ito
make Known throughout our fair
E. 11. Uml
P. A. Oronon
F. M. Christian
Loo P. Sullivan
Thos. T. Girard
James Hilton
n. i*:. Connolly
Craubrook. B.C., November W, '00.
Ami presented bim, on behalf of the
-.i.ti'i, with the very handsome solid
leather suit ease, referred to above.
In acknowledging the addiess and
presentation,     Mr.   Simpson referred
lltigly to tlie excellent relations
Uial     had     always prevailed lictwi-en
himself ami the members of his stall,
geneioiisU niroiding to Ihem a large
liaro in ihe success that had attend-
■I his efforts to make of the Herald,
paper, in ovorj respect wot thv OI
lie splendid dis!iirt in which It cir-
iilntes. All. Simpson spoke feeling-
v   of    his   enforced   drpalliile     (loin
Crnnbrook uml the severance of   his
"iiiicilion with the paper he had
forked so hard and for so manv
ean to build up, owing to the slate
I his health, lie assured those pre-
■•iil Ihat just an sonii a« it was
o-.*-ilile he WOUld return lo Crnu-
irook, and, whilst, he would he out
I the Herald, his heart would al-
/ays be wilh it and everything he
otlltl do, either for the members of
the staff or for the paper itself,
would he done gladly.
'oscph  Ryan, as   thc oldest member of   tlie   staff, claimed the prlvi-
•go of speaking first.     He told    of
liis lirst arrival in Cranbrook a dozen
cars ago, with 35 cents in his pock-
ts and his Irish gall.
"Which   you still have," remarked
Tommy Roberts, sotto voce.
Continuing, Judge Ryan said that
he braced tlie Old Man for a Job and
was given an assignment to wrlto up
the smelter that was then being established at Marysville. From that
lay to the present, ho had continued
his relations with the Herald, contributing special articles from time
lo time and he had exvcrlenccd nothing hut kindness at the hands of
Fred Simpson. He could truthfully
sav that he ha-d never found a better
friend   than the    Old Man since he
grade.    I look upon the nnss through
the Hope mountains as one of treat	
importance. If tho Canadian North-, landed in the lx-at little lown in the
ern Ik not prepared to build through : "''est, good ' old Cranhrook, In tlic
that Pass upon receipt of a reason- banana licit.
able subsidy, f would advocate that Fred Smyth, of tho Moyie Leader,
the rouil through tho Ho|» moim- also claimed tn havo known the Old
tainH should be constructed by the Man for tho past twelve years, hav-
governmeut ns a government road, ing met him first when ho (Simpson)
connecting wiUi the V., V. & E. and was conducting the Wardner Interna-
rt'latious heretofore existing between
the editor and the staff, would be
maintained. He hoped with the cordial co-operotion of the staff to
maintain the splendid standard of the
Herald, which was admittedly the
best weekly in Dritish Columbia, and
when the Old Man returned from
California, with health completely restored, ho hoped that he would find
that tlte Herald had lost none of its
former excellent reputation.
T. M. Roberts, who disclaimed any
intention of making a speech, suggested on behalf of all present that
the Old Man should convey to Mrs.
Simpson the good wishes and kindly
thoughts that had heen given voice
to on the present occasion. He felt
sure that the Old Mnn recognized as
thev all did, that without her warmhearted co-operation through the
manv years of up-hill work, he could
not have made the success he has of
the Herald. This was the feeling of
all present, amply testified to by a
hearty outburst of applause from thc
assembled prints and pen pushers.
The Old Man made an honest effort
to give suitable expression to his
appreciation of the kind words of his
co-workers, but he was manifestly
somewhat overcome by the wamth
id feeling shown. However, he acquit ted himself gamely and related
many interesting stories of early experiences, which were capped by others present, most, if not nil, of
whom had enjoyed their fair share of
the ups and downs of the printing
Despite Ihe inevitable touch ot
Sadness of the occasion, it was a decidedly enjoyable gathering and will
long remain a pleasant meniorv to all
who participated therein.
$20,00 suits $18.00.—C. 0. S.
Dr. Connolly toft Inr Krog yestcr-
i.iv nu professional business.
1 luiin' niitili' cftndics -IH". a pound
ui Saturdav at Tlic Palm.
v T. Krapfel, managor of tlic
IVood MaXalili Lumber company, was
lown In.in Triwood yesterday.
$39,00 sails $18.00.—C. C. S,
• I. W, Collis, representing Mnssens,
I.iii.. of Montreal, was ia town yesterday.
\rll,s ]i,mis nl   Kink's Pun
s. Mighton anil
inuii Wednesday
nisi cities.
A.   E. Walls   rr-
fl'oin a visit lo llie
$30.00 suits I
Now l.nli'l si'
ilir Pink Mi
.1.    i..   iim
infill, wa
uml ifi'lil
■i.nn.-c. c.
s     iii while
Tiilililr I'd.
ii, nf   Kamloops, thc
around town yester-
llll suits $18.00.—C. ('. S.
Nntiisnii, chief constable nf For-
tccompanled hv his wife, arrived
'slcriliiy on a visit.
corn   at Pink's Purr Pnnd
II Inwn V
Ilni'ii—A|   Nelson, nn  November  10,
I! , In Judge   anil Mm. P. 13, Willi), of Crnnbrook, a daughter,
$30.00 suils $18.00.—C, ('. S.
II your   srwiiin machine requires
cleaning nr repairing, n post card In
S.     (I. Ilassett   will receive prompt
attention.    Charges moderate.     It*
Dave .Small ,t Co., ladies aad gents
Willow enilcc caps at the Piak
Mercantile Co.
$35.00 sails $10.50.-4*. C. S.
We are the people who reilaced the
price na Horllck's milk and Allisbury
lood, again proviag it pavs to deal
at Heattie & Atchison's,
Kresh Ingersoll cream cheese at
Kink's Pure Knoil Grocery.
Frank Tracy, who has several
•laiins at the head of Perry Creek,
has returned to the citv for the winter.
$11.00 stilts $8.00.—C. C. a.
The residents nl the Cranbrook
Sash and Door Factory district have
presented a largely signed petition to
Uie City Council requesting to be
takea into the corporation.
$11.00 suits $8.II0.-C. C. S.
Charles Magee's name is mentioned
to llll one   of the vneaacles on    tho
Including desks, etc., iius arrived ami
lieing unloaded.
MI.IIO suits $8.(10.-1-.  ('.  S.
Kootenay   strawberry jam is    the
'nest   procurable.       Pot   sale  at
Kink's Pure Pood (Irncery.
Enquirlos arc daily being made at
the Herald for rooms, suitable for
light housekeeping. Parties having
same lu rent would dn well to make
use of these columns.
$22.00 suits $18.26.-0. C. S.
Apply to Mrs. F. II. Mills. French
avenue, C.P.R. Hill.
Fred Smyth, of the Moylo Leader,
was in towa thc past two days, having enme tip to attend the Herald
stall's farewell supper to thc Old
$22.00 suits $13'.25.-C. C. S.
.1. M. Scott, of Portland, Ore., assistant passenger agent of the O. II.
& N., and W. R. Skey, of Spokane,
I raveling passenger agent nf the
same company, passed lltrtigli the
city on Wednesday on their way
FOUND-A white woollen glove
with a small barn on top. Owner
please call on T.L.O., room 40,
Wentworth hotel. 31-tt
We arc the people who reduced the
price oa Horllck's milk and Allisbury
lood, again proving it pays to ilea:
at Heattie & Atchison's.
Our special sale of shoes still continues. Special prices again on
.Saturday.-A. 0. Pye, Rogers' old
.1. II. Alexander, thc C.P.R. fireman who was so badly injured in tlie
wreck at Hosmer, died at the hospital, Fernie, Tuesday night.. The re-
maias were taken charge nf by tho
H. of L. F. and E. ami shipped to
his home in Strathcona, Alta.
$22.00 suits $13.25.-0. C. S.
Wc are the people who reduced tbe
price on Horllck's milk and Allisbury
food, again proving it pavs to deal
at Prattle & Atchison's.
F. It.   Morris, of Winnipeg, Man,
visiting town,    a  guest
condition.       Sold   hy all druggists
anil dealers.
We are doing business in tlie new
place and on Saturday evening we
want vou to be sure and tome iu
and see us.—Cranbrook Drug .V Rook
Tlie Knights nf Pythias of Crescent
Lodge No. 33, held a bumper meeting
nn Tuesday evening last, when nine
candidates received thc second rank,
alter which light refreshments were
partaken of. Next Tuesday, November tilth, the third rank will be put
mi these candidates hy thc crack degree team. All members are requested to be present and visiting
brethren are cordially Invited.
Mothers—When you buy baby fond
always ihink nf the money Beattie &
Atchison have saved you.
FOR SALE-Onc Sorrel horse,
ago seven vears. weight 1150; lour
beliefs, ace 2 vcars; one Jersey bull,
ace two vears; one cow. ace three
vcars. Apply E. Corbett. Crnnbrook, 11. 0, Will sell cheap fur
cash. 32-lt
W. II: Wilson, lhe jeweler, has received from a gentleman in .Moyie a
very unique and valuable miners
candlestick. The article is nf solid
silver and weighs eight ounces, Tlic
silver was taken from the St. Ku-
gono mine and sent to Trail tn be
iclined. It was rcturaed to Moyie
in a solid sheet and handed to II. .).
Cooper, tlte blacksmith at tlie mine,
who manufactured Irom it a perlcct
miner's candlestick.
Motliers—When you buv babv fond
always think ol the money Heattie *.-
Atchison have saved you.
Heattie & Atchison have displayed
their usual enterprise in putting in
four of the linest show cases ever
brought to Western Canada. They
ara what is called the silent salesman and are manufactured bv the
Toronto Show Case Co. Tho writer
can remember when Mr. Heattie had
show eases with enough tamarac
(iff them to 'feed a furnace for a winter, but these new beauties are atl
solidplate glass with tbo exception ol
the base, ami are attracting a great
(leal nf attention from everyone who
outers tlte store. When Ileattle buys
anything to improve the appearance
of his premises he always buys right
regardless of cost.
Our special sale of shoes still continues. Speeial prices again on
Saturday.—A. C. Pye, Rogers' old
Grace MeFarlane,
Tlie   Secret
of   a Famous
The re-discovery ol a secret that
has lain Hidden in the dust ot 20
centuries is aa event lull ol {oscillating interest, and the story oi Zam-
lluk, tho world-famed lirsl-oid and
sKin-cure will always enliBt attention.
/.aiu-Uuk is tlte virtual descendant of
those wonderful and mysterious lier-
. hai balms by thc use of which the
at thc | manly athletes ol Ancient Orecce attd
Cranbrook   hotel.       Mr.    Morris is 'the stalwart glailotors ot Rome cn-
iiinong friends here, being brother-ln- sured the healthiness and ready-heal
law In three ol our best known citl- ing ol their skin,
lloggarlli, Rollins aud
/ens, Messrs.
We arc doing business in the now
place and on Saturday evening we
want you to be sure and conic in,
and sec us.—Cranbrook Drus iV Hook
$22.00 suits $13.25.-C, C. S.
Wo have    an exceptionally One line
of   sterling
toilet sets.
Xmas presents.    Call in at Wilson's
the jeweler and havo o look at tbem.
$25.00 suits $10.50.-C. C. S.
Lame back comes on suddenly and
is extremely painful. It is caused
by rheumatism of the muscles. (Juick
relief is afforded bv applying Chamberlain's Liniment. Snld by all ilrug-
gi.sls and dealers.
$25.00 suits  $16.50.-C.   C. S.
Our electric lamps are going last.
Hetter call in and have one laid
aside for your wile's Xmas present.
—Wilson, the jeweler.
Dave Small & Co., ladies and gents
The old, old story, told limes without number, and repeated over and
over agaia lor tlie last 30 vcars,
but it is alwavs a welcome story to
I hose in search ol health—Them Is
nothing in the world that cures
coughs and colds as quickly us Chamberlain's Cough Reme.lv. Sold by
nil druggists and dealers.
$25.00 suits $16.50.-C. C. S.
flood   goods.    Fair prices.     Hoa-
it dealings have taught tlte people
il pays to deal at Hcattio & Atchison's.
FOR SALE-Small house and lot;
well lenced; north ol hospital; price
$-100 cash. Apply llox 30, Cranbrook. 31-lt"
Croup is most prevalent during the
nry, cold weather ol the early wln-
nionths. Parents ol young
children should lie prepared lor il.
All that is needed Is a bottle ol
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Many
mothers arc never without it In
lheir homes and It has never disappointed them. Sold hy all druggists
and dealers.
(Ioodvillc's preserves, the best on
the market.—.1, Manning, tho Cash
II thero Is any question in your
mind as to where you should buy
your drugs, ask your neighbor. We
will he satlsOed.—Beattie St. Atchison.
TO RENT-Photogrnph gallery on
Hakcr street. Apply F. Oodderis,
Cranbrook. B.C. 33-3t
Many school children suffer Irom
constipation, which Is olten the cause
ol seeming stupidity at lessons.
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets are an ideal medicine to give
a child, lor they are mild and gentle
in their effect, and will cure even
chronic constipation. Sold by all
druggists and dealers.
Mothers—When you buy baby lood
always think ol the money' Beattie &
Atchison have saved you.
FOR SALE—Flve-roomod houso
in Baker Hill in good condition;
plastered; water laid on; woodshed,
etc. For particulars apply O.
Lloyd, Royal hotel. 33-tl
When a cold becomes settled In tlm
system, It will take several days
treatment to euro lt, and the best
remedy to use is Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. It will cure quicker
than   any other, nnd also leaves thc
School    Hoard,     and it In reported system  in a natural    atid    healthy
Many are tlie attempts that were
made to produce a perfect balm (or
lbe skin, but only in Zam-Buk has
the ideal been realized. Since its
discovery Zam-Buk has been welcomed in mansion and cottage, and thc
peoplo ol two hemispheres realized
that they have been placed in possession ol an absolutely unique cure
-for skin complaints.
silver and silver plate Tlie reasons for this triumph of
These make beautiful science are simple and lew. Taking
a lesson Irom the Ancients, the
proprietors ol Zam-Buk first ol all
wisely decided that the ideal balm
must be purely herbal and contain
not the slightest trace ol rancid
animal (ats or poisonous minerals.
Thus Zam-Buk is mads solely Irom
rich and pure essences obtained irom
certain rare medicinal herbs. These
juices and extracts are prepared and
refined by Ingenious scientlOc processes and then so skillfully blended
that a unique, effective, and yet perfectly natural preparation Ior dispelling skin disease is secured.
/.am-liuk bas an affinity lor the
human skin such as no ordinary ointment or linament can possibly possess. Besides soothing pain and allaying irritation, lt possesses uniqtic
antiseptic and germicidal qualities
which virtually chase disease germs
out ol their hiding-places in the
skin tissues; at thc same time it
purifies thc pores and invigorates the
natural (unctions ol the skin in a
way   that no other preparation ean.
Zam-Buk solves in a perfect manner the problem of always having
bandy at home or at one's work an
ever-ready and reliable Orst-aid lor
cuts, burns, scalds, bruises, lacerations, scratches, etc. Zam-Buk ls
without equal lor eczema, ulcers,
piles, bad leg, ringworm, scalp sores,
festering sores, sprains, stiffness,
poisoned wounds ot all kinds, face
sores, chafing, chapped hands, cold-
sores, frost-bites, sore leet, diseased
ankles, and all itching, irritation and
Zam-lluk Is a dally need In every
household and Is sold by all druggists and stores at Olty cents a
box. Refuse harmful and dangerous
substitutes sometimes "pushed" ns
being "just as good."
The report ol the public schools ol
Cranbrook lor tbe month ol October,
is as follows:
Total enrolment   300
Actual   attendance    ...200
Aver,   daily attendance.240.01
Those who were neither absent   or
late in the different divisions:
(Division I.—L. J. Cranston.)
Bertram   Murgatroyd,   Jack   Haslam, Rachel   Bardgctt,   Charlie Morrison,   Beula   Stuart,   Olive  White,
Hattle Burch, Sydney Elmer, Lillian
(Division II.-Miss Caldwell.)
Harriet Kennedy, Lauretta Armstrong, Edith Adderly, Frances
Drummond, Percy Bardgctt, Oordon
Fowler, Gladys Hickenbotham, Rollo
Johnson, Hazel Taylor, Karl Oill,
Oordon Wallingcr, Oracle Higgins,
Laura Richards, Irving Leask, Archie
(Division III.—Miss Alward.)
Rainstord      Parks,    Irene  Elmer,
Arthur Burch, Nell McCallum, Oraco
(Division V.-MIss Hall.)
Cyril   Orcyson,     Adrean Mortplli,
Holla   McKinstry,    Helen Whitmore,
Nellii MarcellalB.
Malt Orr.
(Division VI.—Miss Fraser.)
Charles Botterol, .lohn Brake, Vclt
Gaskill, Douglas (Iravson, Jennie
Hoskins, Teresa I'errv, Viola Sarvis,
Garfield Taylor, Allen Brown, Sydney Corrison, Harold Kummer, Harold Haslam. Wilfred McLean, Edward
Ryan, Milton Sissons, Keith Was-
Results ol examinations in Entrance Class during September and
October, in order ol merit:
1- A. Standing or over JS3 per
Beula Stuart.
1.   B.   Standing   or over     07   per
Hnrdgett, Harold Colpman.
Florence   Wood,    Raymond     Armstrong, Herman Blnkley.
David Simpson, Olive White, Wilfred Dallas, Sadie Gillis, Rachacl
llaidgett, Arthur Fowler, Lillian
McCowan, Mamie Maekey, Josie
Drummond, Sydney Elmer, Jack
Haslatii, Charlie .Morrison, Bertram
Murgatroyd, Orovlllo Dow, Virginia
Tucker, Will Iliownlce, llatlic Burch.
Bernlco Fraser, -F'rank Cryderman,
Melton lA'ck, Louise Elmer, Ashton
Powers, Nellie Crowe, 'Madge Robertson.
•Absent through illness.
Cranbrook, b.c.
Hot Air on all Side Streets
Hot Air in the Auditorium
Hot Air in all Hotels end Stores
In Fact Everywhere BIT in tbe
Too much money has ruined millions, and yet there arc still millions
more willing to take a chance with
After reading some of the coast
papers we oftinics think that many a
leased liar sends his story over a
greased wire.
Look not upon thu whiskey when
it is yellow in the glass, or ia the
end you may have a menagerie oi
vour own.
The local paper bas had its office
no doubt will soon be sending the
painted on the outside. The editor
ollice towel to the laundry.
Do a smull-titinilcit man a tavor and
lie becomes your enemy. Pound him
with a club and he will crouch at
your feet like a mangy cur begging
for a meatv bone.
As I have sold the Herald I must
insist on the payment of all accounts due me for advertising and
job work. I have to pay my accounts and the. money that is owing
me is needed fot that purpose. All
subscriptions due are payable to the
new management. Either myself or
a representative can be found at the
Herald ollice.
F. E. Simpson.
WUUli  tip
eft) Tern-
Duting ilie election campaign
everybody is kept warm during
the day time listening to PAIltloal
Hot Air Artiete nnd handing it
oui themselves; but there's a di
ireut feeling comes over ihem
when they get home to bed-as tlie
average bedroom is a veritable
tlie«e nights
every room t
Without a donbt, these heaters
are the very best on the market
today, tiued with the latest
appliance tor axtinguisbing, and
and guaranteed non-amuking,
The prices me
$6 25 to $7.50
just about the prlcoof the average
Election Bet.
The constant drop of water
Went* away the hai-le-M stone,
The constant gnaw of tiger
Masticates ihe toug) est tout;
The constant coodng lover
Carries off the blushing maid,
An>l the constant asking for it
Is the way to gel yuur trade.
We are asking for yours
every week and mean
to get it.
for the Drug Store that
gives you "Just what the
doctor orders." Nothing
more, nothing less.
Incorporated I860
Head Office: Montreal, Quebec
CAPITAL PAID UP • • $ 4,700,000
RESERVE .... 5,400,000
TOTAL ASSETS   -     -     -     55,000,000
II. L. HOLT. I'reiident
K. L. I'iOAHK, (ienerBt Manager
of    Firms.   Corporations   and     Imliviiluals
Out-of-town business receives every attention,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.-Deposits of $1.00 and
upwiinls received and   interest  allowed at   current   rate.
No formality or delay in  withdrawing.
A General Hanking business transuded.
Cranbrook Branch: W. A. SCHWARTZ, Mgr.
The Cranbrook Agency Co.
Real Eitate, Insurance, Employment
Customs Brokers.
70 acres broken and under cultivation.
400 acres can lw cultivated.
5-roomed House, in eicelletit condition,
Ilav Barn, 58x00- finished lor stock lielow.   Log Barn.   Implement
Nied.   Hen House.    Woodshed and Workshop.    Full set of Farm
Implements.   50 tons Hay.   4 Horse*, Harness, etc.
Excellent Buy.
For terms, etc., ace
(Continued from pa-go one.)
e»t any other? I huve read the
premier s speeches carefully und lie
doesn't surest any oilier, although
his speeches contain a mass of ver-
bia'Re, to which I submit thete is absolutely no substance. If you read
his speeches, you must come to the
conclusion Unit I have, that is, that
ihe benefits to he derived from the
construction of this road are confined
to those two features, namely, reduced freight rates and the opening
up of   a   new country, and we
that Mr.
lie resides
II there
seen how much thero is iu either contention.     U is true that the premier
of    tliis  province,   on    his political
tour,     when he    reached ltevelstoke,
apparently   to meet local conditions
there, went a little turther with his
railwav policy and he told them that
some time in     the dim and shadowy
future he would he in a position   to
have the government Kiiaraulee bonds
of   the   same   railway   for the construction of a local line there ami if
tbat    is done     it    will   simply   '"
crease the liability.     1 simply
attention to it.    I don't know
il appeals    to you but it appeals lo
me in this way, Mr. Chairman.      I
sav   when   the premier of the province announces a railway policy be-
into he starts his political tout and
when he rovs    through    the country,
reaching different points, and to suit
local conditions promises other lines
of railway    tbat strikes me as being
in   the  nature tit  a hribc,   ' 1 don't
know whether it appears to vou that
way,     but that    is the way it appears to me at all events.    Now you
have,   as I    have statetl   some
ago,  two   ministers resigning
iust   notice the    position
Fulton was in.     Why, sir,
ut the Citv ol    Kamloops.
is anv man or member o: the government In the- province of British    Columbia who    would la* expected     to
stand   by tbe   government's railway
policy, it. would   surely lie thc member from    Kamloops, and what must
have been the considerations tbat Induced   Mr. Fulton lo get from under
this contract,   so to    speak, a man
who, as I say, would have bis   home
city benefited to a   large extent   hy
the construction of this line.
Hut to proceed. 1 statetl that this
road is u paralleling road. Now wc
further question, and 1 wish you to
consider it. Was it necessary to extern! any aid at all to the Canadian
Northern railway.' I think I hav
pointed out that there will be ' ni
practical benefits obtained; that it
will tie a paralleling line and not a
colonization road; let us now face
tin- question as to whether or nol
it was necessary to extend any aid
at all. What is the situation'.' At
the present, lime, as I stated a moment ago, they have their line built
about fifty miles west of the City
of Kdmoniou. I make that statement on the authority of the Honorable Mr. Cashing, the minister ot
public works in Alberta, with whom
1 discussed it the other day. Wc
all know il to lie a fact, that the
Canadian Northern railway for
months past wen- pushing on' thei;
surveys to Vancouver and, in fact,
were engaged in a railway race to
reach the City of Vancouver. Now,
I would ask you, as business men, lo
consider this situation. Vou have
tlie t'»ritulijyti Northern railway almost a transcontinental road, although it is only constructed now
continuously from Port Arthur to
lOdmoiiton ' actually built up to the
confines of tlie province of British
Columbia before these negotiations
commenced. Now, would anyone
suggest for a moment that this railway company would ever have
lor its terminus au open field somewhere west of Kdmoiiton. That is
the situation. Is it not apparent
to all that tbey intended to reach
Vancouver? That is their natural
and only outlet. 1 could understand, Mr. chairman, that if the progress of construction was delayed; if
the Canadian No rtbern went to the
money markets of the world and
were unable to raise capital, that
they should have come to the government and ask aid, but that, I
say, was not tbe situation. The
Canadian Northern were actively engaged in construction work and tbe
premier of ihis province, if I may
speak figuratively for a moment, actually went out to meet the ollicials
ol the Canadian Northern railway,
found tliem at the confines of the
province of British Columbia actively engaged in construction work aud
beading with all possible speed for
the City of Vancouver, and he said
tii them, "true, you seem to he coming our way, but then we would like
to give you a little aid, $45-000,-
(KtO or so, you may need it before
you get there," and I can imagine
bim going nn further to sav, "We
will not trouble you now with a
fully executed contract, we will merely draw up a memorandum, not a
binding contract, and we will show
that to tbe people of this province
ami then, after the election, If we
are returned to power, we will then
have our fully completed contract
drawn up and we are sure," as Mr.
Bowser puts it "that you will do
thc rigbl thing by us and incorporate
in the contruct any terms that
should lie there for the protection
o( the province," and I can imagine the premier going on further to
say, "we will show this memorandum to the people and if they do
not appear to take kindlv to it Wc
wilt divert their attention bv shouting "better terms" or "a white British Columbia," and I can imagine
him saying further, "if that will not
divert their attention , 1 can get my
attorney-general, Napoleon Bowser,
to give exhibitions of fighting Ottawa with a toy sword." Now,
ladies and gentlemen, I put it this
way to you, not to arouse merriment at all, but simply that we
may understand the true situation.
I don't know how it appeals to
you. You have a right to draw
your own conclusions, but in my
judgment f venture to sav that no
railway policy was ever presented
hv anv government in any British
Dominion so transparently specious
as this railwav policy of the MeBride government. Whv," sir, if there
were no other feature than this one
fact that we have not before us ut
the present time the whole contract
Is it not enough to justify tht! electors of this province in saying, "no
hack and get your completed contract, and submit it to us; we would
Itt-e tn see It before we put our ballots fn the -box."
Now, then, one more feature and 1
u through, so    far as the MeBride
iii way   policy is    concerned.     ^ ou
,ive   heard it    statetl that in    Ihis
policy  tbey ale simply following   thc
policy pursued liy    the province    of
Alberta and     the other provinces in
lhe middle west and in the province
of    Manitoba. Hasn't  that  claim
boon made? Now, sir, 1 do not
wish to use harsh language; 1 wish
tti avoid that, I would like, in this
contest, to allay parly feeling, if
possible, and get "at the careful deliberate judgment of the people, but l
say, in reference to this contention,
that the government is following the
policy ot the province of Alberta, that the premier must either be ignorant of the tacts - ■■*
not careful to place the
rectly before the people,
tell vou thai the provinc
lid not guarantee the '
indian     Northern
d Mr. -loKn Oliver, who was
reception that placed him ou
terms at once with the aud-
llc got right down to bus!- !0n the
arc required,    M.;uu,uihi lur Canada
aud $3,200,000 for the world.
That this sum   can be obtained
facts n.r-
Wheii     1
>f AI beii a
bonds of the
railway along
basis of an    annual contribu-
$5.00   from     every   church
various   religious
ncs-, at once and for three-quarters ij-j-, -,(
uf au hour poured heavy shot into member in
the McUddc government's record and .communions*
the premier's latest policies and j Bo it tibereloro resolved, that this
promises. A fu.l report or his aa- meeting hereby endorses the policy
mirahle lighting speech must lie de- 0| t)ll. Laymen's Missionary Mov-fr
terred until Mondays issue, but that I mt.nt| as outlined above, ami "appoint
lu impressed those present was end- a committee, composed, of represcnta-
enced by the repeated outbursts of tives of all tlie churches, to take
applause, more enthusiastic and mole BUC|, steps as may he neecssarv to
general than usually characterises | sir H|ilt as rar as possible, the
a Cranbronk meeting, no matter who j provisions   of    the poli/.v be carried
District News
{From otir own correspondent.)
Wm. Carlin,   ol   Fort Steele, was
an Elko visitor this week,
Norman Wilson, ul Wardner, was iff
town Friday last.
ol Corbin, ,s
At, Thorpe, ol
tlu* speaker may be.
Proceedings terminated with lhe
National Anthem and cherts for Candidate Macdonald and Leader Oliver.
t rue,
way     asked    the g1
province of Alberta
ml  O!
Iheir main line   to the extent of   ia
single farthing,  you  will  uud. island,
whether   Ol     not   he  is  following  tbe
f the Alberta government.  It
the Canadian    Northern rail
iverumeiit  of the
 ^^^^ to guarantee the
bonds along their main line, but thej
refused to do sti, and, by the way,
that refusal didn't stop tbe construction of the road.
Tbe policy of    tbe government      ol
Alberta has    heen to guarantee
bonds,    not of the main line,
blanch lines running north and i
—feeders—lines opening up new country     in    that      province  to  development, a policy exactly in accordance
wilh   the policy propounded    by tl.
leader   of    the opposition here. Mr.
Oliver, the only difference being that
Mr. Oliver   proposes to subsidize certain     lines,    while in    Alberta they
guaranteed the bonds.
Such is the McHride railway
policy, 1 think I have placed it before vou fairly. I would ask you
onsider it carefully, at all
events, and make up your minds as
lo whether this policy should be endorsed or not. 1 think on this occasion we should look beyond tlie
25th of November and look to the future welfare of the province. 1
have pointed out, Mr. chairman, that
it is an actual liability and that lhe
history of the past shows that we
have lieen called upon to pay in
other cases where the government
have guaranteed tho bonds of other
railways under mole fortunate circumstances than here. I believe
that in the present case the government, if this policy is adopted, will
be called upon to pav. The premier recognizes that contingency. He
tells us that the government may
lind it necessary to take over the
road, Ihat we are safe guarded in
Ihat way. 1 don't think that proposition will appeal to anyone, because the hist     consideration, if thc
ofernment ever should have to take
over the road, would lie to look after the liabilities against it. They
would have to take care in addition
to the bond guarantee of the liability for the balance of the moneys
required lo build the road, because
il would seriously impair the credit
uf the province if there should be a
confiscation so far'as the investors ot
capital are concerned, who advance
Uic neecssarv money for the balance
of the road, aud I have already
pointed out that this balance would
approximate $0,000,000, and is not
this contingency that the province,
even in the premier's view, may
Imve to take over Uic nmd cnoutrli
to induce us to consider carefully
the advisability of endorsing this
scheme. The premier is willing to
admit and willing to discuss this
feature that it may be nccessnrv at
some future time for the province to
take over the road. I sav if il ever
is necessary the province will have n
white elephant on its hands, for from
the nature of the situation it is utterly impossible that a government
owned road through the province nl
British Columbia alone should ever
be made to pay.
Now, there arc a great many
matters at issue in this election on
which I would like to address yo...
but I have no intention of doing so,
because I know it is not well to indulge in speeches too long. Then
are a great many ladies present tonight aud 1 know they do not like
long speeches and I must give them
first consideration. I believe the
will give me lirst consideration, and
with just one further word I
done. I have placed, 1 think, this
issue, so far as this policy is concerned, before you fairly. 1 have
not used any argument which 1 do
not believe to be legitimate* and
sound, nor have I made any statement which I do not believe to be
absolutely correct. I have endeavored tti appeal iu this contest and tonight to tlie best judgment of the
people. If vou should come to the
conclusion that the policy is all
right and in the interests of the
province, it would, of course, he your
duty to endorse it, but if, on' the
other hand, considering thc matter
carefully and approaching it with an
open mind, you should come to the
conclusion that it is a liability for
which we will not get corresponding
benefits, if it is too great a liability
lo undertake in view of the needs of
the older portions of the province
for railway development, then I
would ask you on the 25th of November to let your vote give expression to your honest views on that
Mucstion, because, Mr. Chairman,
that is the onlv wee in which wc
can have representative government.
As I said at the outset, if we nn
simply going to stick to our party
in elections, it is a matter of grave
concern to the province, because the
government may propose any policy
they may choose and trust to it's
supporters to carry it through. That
is surely not the principle or the
spirit of representative government.
The voice of the people, on the '25111
of November, should be an expression
of their deliberate Judgment on this
policy, and I say if there ever was
a time or occasion in this province
that any man should cast his partv
feeling aside, now is tbe time. At
all events I appeal simply, as stated, to your own deliberate judgment
I ask you to rrive it careful consideration and If vou come to the conclusion that I am ritrht in mv contention, that Sir Charles llibberf
Tupper Is right in his, that these
ministers of the Conservative nartv
who retired from the government are
right, if yon come to that conclusion, then I ask you to give expression to it bv supporting Mr. Oliver
and through him myself on the 25th
dav of November."
After the rounds of npplause ihat
followed Mr. Macdonald's closing remarks had subsided, the chairman ln-
About eighty men sat down to a
bountiful supper in the Auditorium ou
Thursday evening last, under the auspices of'lhe Canadian Laymen's Missionary Movement. The chairman
d the'local .committee, J, K. Armstrong, presided. At tbe close of
Lho repast lhe following speakers addressed the assembly. Kev. Canon L.
.Norman Tucker, Dr. Bond, Dr. Waters, Hon. W. 11. dishing and Mr.
Mr. Armstrong spoke of the origin
nt the Missionary Laymen's Movement in the United States and its
lnilb iu Canada at Toronto iu 1907,
when four thousand men met for
Ine days and adopted, amid much
enthusiasm, the policy ol the Mis-
ionary Laymen's Movement. Mr.
Armstrong characterized this meeting in Massey Hull as one of thc
most wonderful since the ascension ot
Our Lord.
Hon. W.   IL dishing was the next
speaker,     lie had been converted   to
bis   new point of   view   of missions
two     years ago.     No true Canadian
could     turn his   back on this move-j
ment, and when understood it would
he   counted   a privilege   to be     associated with   the work.     It was   a
matter not only for thc welfare    of ;
the heathen hut   for the empire as a j
whole.    So long—and only so long— I
as Great Britain was true    to    the
principles of   the Knglish bible would
she   maintain    her integrity.        He
trusted   every   Christian   man would
eali/e   his obligation and not leave
I to women ami children.     It    was
nen's work.     Missions are the work
of the church if she has any work   at
Or. Bond, of Halifax, Nova Scotia,
in a powerful address said he had
I raveled round the world and had
studied mission work in every Protestant clmreh. It was ditlicult to
mt into quiet speech thc tremendous
issues involved in the evangelization
of heathen lands.
The struggle of the future would be
for supremacy in lhe Pacific. On the
I her side was a seething chaos-
chaos religiously and politically, and
vet throughout that chaos one strong
increasing purpose ran, vi/: the determination to preserve the solidarity of the Orient. .lapan, which is
•W.\ per cent heathen, aspires to being mistress of   the Pacific.
China, declared Dr. Bond, is the
greatest nation of the world. It
must be reckoned as a prime factor
in tbe 2lltb century. The great
i|uestion is who shall control China?
If .lapan, untold disaster will result. Shall we not rather teach
China the princivles that underlie our
civilization—the principles of the living Christ, and so save her from
•Japanese domination. Let Christ
have China and so have the Orient.
Surely we are statesmen enough to
do our share.
Dr. Haters, who has spent several
years in India as a medical missionary, then spoke. He declared none
appreciated the Laymen's Missionary
Movement so much as thc missionary.
It was a great assurance to have the
manhood of Christiandom at their
hack. He then spoke of the splendid
literature now published on missions,
which made it possible for everyone
to intelligently grasp the great importance of the work, and talk intelligently to carping critics. He
closed witli a strong appeal to young
men in choosing an investment of
their lives to -rive foreign missions
serious consideration.
Canon Tucker, in one of the most
masterly addresses ever heard in
Cranhrook on the subject, began by
declaring to be a young man Tn Canada iu the 20th century was a privilege angels might covet. Service,
not money-making, is the great
satisfying purpose of life. Thc best
wny to serve the world is to give
her our civilization. Freedom ami
justice were the backbone ol our
civilization and these were begotten
hy our Christianity. It was by lifting the citizenship of India and other
heathen lands that trade was most
powerfully stimilated by increasing
lheir demands.
Hitherto Ihe Christian church has
uot even bei-n playing with missions.
Kngland spent more on golf balls
mul the 1'nited States more on gum
than tbey did on the saving of thc
foreign world. Missions will always
justify itself on its merits. Missionaries have been the first to open
heathen lands even to commerce.
They are the pioneers of civilization.
Tbe late wonderful awakening of
Turkey is due to missions and in
Constantinople Mnhommedans, .lews
and Christians are now working arm
iu arm, where a few years ago they
nuiflit to cut each others throats.
It is only through missions thc
■neat brotherhood ot man will lie established are the promise of God
is that a irreat blessing shall redound upon the homeland.
Ai the conclusion of the addresses
benrtv votes of thanks were accorded the speakers for their instructive
'ddresses and thc ladles for thc
bountiful repast.
The following resolution was then
unanimously adopted on motion hy
Mr. C. A. Cock, seconded by J. F.
Whereas, thc policy ot the Laymen's
Missionnrv Movement, as ahopted by
the National Congress, held In
Toronto last spring, has been endorsed by the official bodies ot the
'lurches here represented, to the effect that:
'. ft is thc duty ot the church of
dirist to seek to carry out the
Lord's command to evangelize the
world in this generation;
2. That that duty Is equally binding on   lhe laity and on the clergy.
3. Thnt that duty Involves:
(a).   Giving the ministrations   o!
religion to   all   the people    of
(b).   Preaching     the   gospel    to
fortv   millions ot  the   heathen
1.   That   to   effect   this 14,500,000
out. tmmiMw*9*9*9***m
The following permanent committee
of the Laymen's Missionary Movement in Cranbrook, was then appointed: -I. V, Atmstrong, p. DeVero
Hunt, C. A. Cock, ll. H. Short, -L
Kulmert, A. Williamson, Dr. K. W.
Connolly, (1. W. Patmore, .1. Lower,
I. F. Smith, A. Adair, II. M. Campbell, Mr. Lane, Mr, Dawson.
At a meeting of the Co-operative
committci ot the Laymen's Missionary Movement laid in the government building on Monday night, the
following resolution was passed:
That the thanks of the committee
lie extended to llie Fink lyiorcatltllti
company for their generosity, ami to
the ladies for their faithful services
on the occasion of the recent supper.
Miss Clare Thorpe,
visiting her aunt, Mrs.
North Star Hill.
Glen Campbell was a Cranbrook
visitor this week.
Miss May Lamb, of Fernie, was
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Austin
Chas. Knocke, of Cranbrook, was
in town this week.
Irene   Hirt/.     was   visiting
a Triwood several days  last
D. A. Ileriisteiu left for his    homo
Montreal last. Wednesday evening,
Mr. and Mrs. C, R Ayrc aad
daughter returned from Brandon last
Monday morning.
*w ('oustruction of railways urgently needed iu British Columbia to ♦
w lie aided by grants of cash or bonds and by exemptions from taxa- +
+ tion for a period of ten years after completion, conditional upon: ♦
+ (a). Immediate commencement and diligent prosecution of the work +
w of construction, (b). The payment, during construction and the ♦
•# period of   exemption from taxation, to all    mechanics, laborers and ♦
♦ other persons who perform labor in const ruction or on maintenance ♦
+ or in operation, of such wages as are generally accepted as current +
w fur competent white workmen in the   district in   which the work is ♦
♦ being performed. ♦
♦ TIMBER. ^^
Vancouver eity was the scene of a
terrible railway wreck early Wednesday morning, wherein fourteen lives
were lost and nine persons were seriously injured.
At 5 o'clock Wednesday morning
an electric locomotive took a C.P.U.
Hat car loaded with heavy pieces of
timber for delivery to the new' iron
works ou the interurhan line, a short
distance out of thc city. On arriving there the conductor found an
empty box car on the switch and left
the loaded ear on the main line to
ihift the empty. Returning he
coupled the two cars together to
hack the loaded car on the switch
aud when he had gone halt a car's
length lhe coupling parted and the
Hat ear ran away. A brakeman was
on the car and tried to apply -the
brakes without success.
In thc meantime the first passmger
tram from Vancouver to New Westminster left the terminal at 5.110 a.
in. with i'i passengers on board. As
the tram was rounding the curve al
Lakeview, just outside the city
limits, Molormnn Tborburn saw lhe
runaway flat ear directly upon him,
■oniing at a terriiic speed. Shouting
i warning he started to jump, hut
before he could leave the vestibule
his car was struck witli terrific impact.
The flat car with its heavy load
crashed into the passenger tram land
the heavy timbers plunged forward,
acting as a battering ram. In an
instant the passenger tram looked
like a wrecked flat car and in the
debris of the tram and load lay
everyone of tlie 211 passengers, the
majority having been killed instantly,
while several others expired before
medical assistance eould be procured
The bodies of thc victims presented
a shocking sight, tlie accident bavin)
been such as to cause crushing of
heads in nearly every instance, injuries to other parts of the bodies being comparatively slight.
L. It. Gibbs   was in Macleod     on
business last Tuesday.
W. ft. Weaver, of Victoria, was doing business in Elko Tuesday last.
Mrs. Stewart is visiting her sister,
Mrs. Wood, in Wardncr this week.
.1.     M.   Agnew
visitor Tuesday.
was a Cranhrook
It is with very sincere regret that
the Herald in called upon to announce
lhe death of Utile Ethel Heed, the
dearly loved daughtei oi Mr. and Mrs
I*', ll." Reed, of thin eity. Horahl leaders
will remember the terrible mishap
sustained by the Utile one some chori
while back, whereby she was aerlouely
burned. Tlie shock proved too much
for her frail constitution and nt an
early hour of tlilf" morning plie expired.
Her father, Mr. Keed, the present fore*
man of this printing odice, has been
with the Hera HI for several years, ami
his co-workers on the staff heartily
sympathise with him in the Ioph of a
beloved child. The funeral will take
place on Sunday afternoon, from Christ
Church at 2 o'clock
GIVEN to the electors of the Cranbrook City School District, that 1 require the presence of the said electors
at the Council Chambers, Baker
Street, Cranhrook, B. C, at 12
o'clock noon, (l o'clock local lime)
for tho purpose of electing persons to
represent them ou the Board of
Trustees for thc Cranbrook City
School District, to fill the vacancies
leated by the resignations of .lames
Albert Harvey aud George Thomson
The mode of nominal ion of candidates shall be as follows:
The candidates shall be nominated
in writing, the writing shall he (subscribed by two voters of the Municipality as proposer and seconder, and
shall lw delivered to the Returning
Ollicer at auy time between the date
of the notice and 2 p.m., CI p.m.
local time), of tbe day of nomination, and iu the event of a poll being necessary, such poll will be opened on the 18th day of November,
1900, between the hours of !l o'clock
In tlw forenoon (10 o'clock local
time) and 7 o'clock in the afternoon
<N o'clock local time) at the Council
Chambers, Baker Street, Cranbrook,
B. C, of which every person is hereby required to take notice and govern themselves accordingly.
The qualifications by law required
to he possessed by the candidates for
the ofliee of School Trustee'arc as
"tn every Municipal School District anv person being a householder
iu the school district, and being a
British subject of the full at'c of
twenty-one years, and otherwise
qualified by this Act lo vote at au
election of School Trustees in the
Scliool'District of the City of Cranbrook, shall be eligible to be elected
or to serve as a School Trustee in
such Municipal District."  1005, CI I,
sua, innn, can, 895.
person     holding   the   ollice of
teacher within the School District
and no clergyman ol any denomination shall he eligible for the office of
School Trustee," limn, C85, siflfi.
Give under mv hand at Cranbrook,
11. C, this fifth day of November,
Thos. M. Roberts,
Returning Ollicer.
"Good Investments"' will be the
subject at both Sunday services at tlic
Baptist church.
D. \V. Hymlman, Manager of the
C.P.R. Commercial Ofliee has arranged
to keep the Telegraph Ofliee open lill
21 o'eloek instead of 20 o'clock,till after
the election for the convenience of
patrons. The Ollice will also lie open
during lunch and dinner hour.
MARRIED- At tho St. Eugene IIos.
pital, MrP'tmcis McTigheofCranbrook,
ti. C, ami Kva Clotilda Znnzel of
Ouernrey, Sask., were united in the
holy bonds of matrimony, on the llth
of November. Rev Father L. Cboniel.
ofliciating. Mr ami Mrs McTighe will
reside in Cranbrook
Too much money has ruined millions, and vet there are still millions
more   willing to take a chance with
The attention of
Sawmill Men
is requested.
want you  lo look into
the merits of the
Tho simplest nml most radical
improvement in Files ever
Hardware Cranbrook, B.C,
| Your Horning Beverage I
Not any Coffee, lint a Pure Blend, that is
appetizing, stimulating and healthful. We have
the identical article. We have heard many good
things said of our Coffee; said too, by housekeepers
who have gono the round and who come back to stay
3SC   40c,   50c
st'ivc 1111 tin- utillcenBod timber ♦
its the    timber is romilrcd lor ♦
to bo surveyed, and lho tpian- ♦
t'd nf by public competition Irom ♦
a reasonable reserve pricu being ♦
w     Provision for tin* extension ol special timber   licenses lo be made w^
w by tlir substitution for the present timber   licenses renewable Irom jH
♦ year to year, granted on the following conditions: (a). That ren- wW
w tals and royalties may lie tixcil from limit to timt'. (I>). That the ♦
w licenses shall be held subject to bucIi regulations with regard to the ♦
w manner of cutting aud the preservation ot the timber covered by the. w
+ licenses as may lie promulgated by lho lieu tenant-governor in coun- ♦
w ell- (»'). That agricultural lands required Ior settlement may he ♦
+ withdrawn Irom the operation <>[ Umber licenses hy order ol the ♦
+ licutenant-govomor in couneil alter reasonable notice has been given ♦
•!• lo the UccitBce to remove the timber within the period ol time fix- +
♦ eil by the older. (d). Anil that [or (lie cutting and removal of ♦
+ siii-li iinil>i'1 the wages paid shall lie audi wages as arc generally ae- ♦
4 eepleil as current (or competent while workman in the (llstriot in 4
w which the work is performed, 4
♦ ♦
w                                     FOREST RESERVE,                                   ♦
w The maintenance of the present 1
+ lands of the province until such linn
•# actual use, said timber at. that Mini
4 Uties having been estimated, dispn
+ time to time in suitable quantities,  _aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa^mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm^_m^
w fixed. ♦
♦ ♦
♦ -V
4     The prosecution of a vigorous   nollcy   of    land   settlement; tlio mm
4} granting free to settlers on reasonable  conditions   ol residence   ami <1P
4} cultivation, suitable agricultural lands;    the     alienation     of other 4
4 crowa lands under conditions which insure   their use; tlio making of #
w surveys and publication of maps anil     reliable    information making ♦
+ the latter readily accesslblo to tlic puhlie. ♦
♦ ♦
4                                   MUNICIPAL REVENUE. ♦
♦ ♦
4 The transference of the power of levying and collecting taxes upon +
+ personal property within municipalities from the provincial govern- ♦
4 ment to the municipalities in order to augment the Inadequate re- ♦
w venues of the existing municipalities. ♦
♦ ♦
\                                    SANITARY REGULATIONS. ♦
♦ ♦
}"* Rigid government inspection of all places of human abode and the ♦
4 enforcement ot building, health and sanitary regulations so as to in- ♦
4 sure, as far as possible, the safctv of human life, and to abolish ♦
4 and prevent the deplorable conditions now so prevalent in the ♦
+ dwellings of a large number of undesirable citizens, ♦
♦ Thc election of all police commissioners and   license commission- ♦
4 ers in cities, towns and rural municipalities hv popular vote. ♦
♦ ♦
THE RAWORTH BRu>M C.P.R. Watch Inspectors
Imperial Bank of Canada j
RESERVE     ....
1). K. WILKIE, I're-ident.
IIOS. ROBERT .UFFRAY, Vice-President
Acoounts of Corporations. Municipalities, Merclmnts,
Farmers anil Private Individuals invited.
Drafts and Letters of Credit issued available in any part of
the world.
SAVINGS DEPAHTMENT- Special attention
given to Savings Bank Accounts. Deposits of $1.(10 and
upwards received and interest allowed from dale of deposit.
Cranbrook Branch • J. F. M. PINKHAM, Mgr.
Farm Lands for Sale at Owner's Price
320   ACRES
2 miles from R. I«*. Station
200 acres level ami easily cleared, llll acres miller cultivation und irrigated from creek running thru farm, 21)0 aires
more can be irrigated from same creek. Frame house, log
stable mid considerable fencing, (lood team of horses,
wagon anil harness, cow and two calvcB,
Price For All Only $4,000.
New bargains coming in every day.
Fred A. Russell C& Co.
Next door to P. Woods' Meat Market
NO; iU,
Saturday's Nelson News contains
an editorial attack upon Loader John
Oliver, based upon an alleged misstatement of the Liberal leader. Tlic
News claims that Mr. Oliver owes
the elootors ol the city ol Nelson an
apology because lie statetl, in the
course ol bis speech dollvored there
hist Friday, that tltorc is no clause
in tlw cimt nit't lM-tweeu the ll.C.
government ami the G.T.P. railway
preventiiiK the company Irom em-
ployiiiK Asiatics iu the construction
nf its lines tlin>ii|*h llritish ColunilHa,
us alli-Ki'il hy Premier McHride and
\ t torney-Gcncral Bowser,
John Oliver, ns might have heen expected, promptly answered the News'
assertion ami very clearly estah-
lislres that his stalemciit wns well
founded. In addressing the News,
Mr. Oliver says:
To the editor Nelson Daily News:
Sir,—In your editorial this morning, commenting on certain statements made hy me at the meeting in
the opera house last night, you accused me of either deliberately misrepresenting tlie facts or being" much
misinformed on thc subject.
"You quote in disproof of my
statements what purports to tie an
extract trom an alleged contract between the government and the (irand
Trunk Pacific, dated 16th December,
11)08, as follows:
"Now, therefore, this agreement
witnesseth that upon the request of
His Majesty the King in fulfillment
of said undertaking and in consideration of s*aid exemption of taxation
tion the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
company for itself, its successors and
assigns, hereby covenants and agrees
with His Majesty the King and his
successors that in thc construction of
said railway within thc province ol
llritish Columbua white labor shall
he exclusively employed bv said railway company, its contractors,
agents, servants and assigns, unless otherwise permitted bv the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council/'
"Speaking at Vancouver some
short time ago I made a statement
similar to the one you take such decided objection to, and one o! the
government organs {I am not sure
whether it was the Province or the
News-Advertiser) published what
purported to be an extract from tbe
alleged agreement between the government and the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway company. The contract
is as follows:
Agreement between the   B, C. government and the Grand Trunk Paci-
tic dated February 29th, 1909:
Final Clause:
"Now, therefore, this agreement
witnesseth •' in consideration of said
exemption from taxation thc Grand
Trunk Pacific railway agrees that in
the construction of said railwav
within British Columbia white labor
shall be exclusively employed by said
railway, its contractors, agents,
servants and assigns, unless otherwise permitted by the Lteutenant-
Govcrnor in Council.'
"First let me draw your attention
to the date of this alleged agreement, namely, the 29th day of February, 1009. I have yet to learn
that such a date is in tlte calendar
for the present year.
"Next let me draw vour attention
to the difference in the wording iof
these extracts, both ol which purport to Ih- an exact copy of tlie
clause iu the agreement dealing
with the class of labor to be employed tin this mad. Let me say to
you frankly    I have never heard   of
llu> ftgit lent   dated December Kith,
1008, until I saw your editorial this
momlliR. I have no doubt that you
will construe (his as an admission
that I am not informed. I, however, withdraw nothing from the
statement timt I made at the opera
house last night,
"1 do not know whether the alleged agreement which you quote from
(luted the Kith day of December,
1008, is a fake agreement prepared
for election purposes, and belonging
lo thi' same class as the contract referred to bv Mr. Bowser in 1907,
when lie alleged that the Liberals
had entered into an agreement for
llie employment of 50,000 Japanese
laborers to lie employed upon thc
construction of thc Grand Trunk
Pacific, or whether it would belong
to the same class as the alleged
forgod telegram in the Victoria
Colonist on thc eve of the last
nonunion election. What I do know
is that an agreement was made between the government ot the province of British Columbia and the
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway company dated the 29th day of February,
1908, and one of the clauses of that
agreement reads as follows:
'The province grants to the railway
company exemption from the assessments and taxes imposed by Section
0, id the Railway Assessments Act,
1907, for the period of ten years,
from and after thc completion of thc
Railway in the province to the satisfaction of the minister of public
works, but said exemption shall not
extend beyond the 31st day of December, 1921.'
"As 1 stated last night, there is
not one word in this agreement
which grants exemption from taxation to thc effect that white labor
shall be employed in thc construction of thc road or that white
workmen's wages shall be paid.
"A further agreement was entered
into between the government of the
nrovince of British Columbia and the
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway company, dated 7th September, 1908,
based on an order-in-council approved
llth August, 1908. Neither in this
order-in-council or agreement is
there one word requiring the employment of white labor in the const ruction of the road.
"The statements that 1 made to
the electors at the opera house last
night are absolutely correct, and thc
JUKI referred to Is at your disposal
whenever yon produce proof that the
statements I made arc incorrect."
Leader Oliver's Cranbrook
Lack of space prohibits anything
like a full report of Leader Oliver's
splendid lighting speech at the Audi-
toriuiii in this eity last Thursday
OVCOing and it will only lie possible
today to refer lu some of the ehitf
At the Cranbrook meeting, Mr.
Oliver opened with a Tew remarks relative to the splendid debating abilities of the Liberal candidate, Mr. M.
A. Macdonald. He went on to say
that in this election it was necessary    for   tlw electors to put aside
iv bias and allow their patriotism to rule their decisions. He
then alluded brielly to present financial conditions and the general progress now prevalent throughout the
province, conditions directly attributable to the policy of tlic Liberal government at Ottawa. Pointing out
that it was Laurier's G.T.P. policy
that had opened up and was making
valuable lands to the north, from
which the MeBride government were
now receiving such large revenue. It
was also due to the energetic immigration policy of the Laurier government that    the great demand for
B. C, timber was due, which was also greatly increasing the revenues of
the MeBride government. Mr. Oliver
next touched upon the hasty dissolution and the short period allowed to
the electorate in which to come to a
decision in so momentous a matter
as the proposed railway policy. He
particularly emphasized the fact
that whilst nomination day had
passed voters' lists were not yet
available, save in one or two constituencies. He then took up the
Liberal party's railwav policy and
With the assistance of his now famous map outlined the lines of railway
imposed to be assisted by the Liberals.
Briefly summarized, his statement
was as follows:
The Liberal policy is to aid railway
construction by a system of cash subsidies, and in addition to the Kettle
Valley line and the Pacific Northern
mud Omim-ea already provided for, wc
would aid the Kootenay Central, the
V. W. & Y., Vancouver to Fort
George, the extension of the E. &
N. from French Creek to Campbell
River, the Vancouver Island and |
Eastern from Campbell River to
Fort George; a line of railway from
Campbell River to Quatslno, a line
of railway from Victoria to Barclay
Sound, a line of railway from Yellowhead to the Coast via Hope
Mountains Pass or alternately to
Nicola with a government road from
AbboUford or ■ hilliwacit to Nicola
uul Princeton.
In discussing tlw various pn posed
railwaj lines, Mr. ohwr pointed out
that tltfl Liberals had fm years pasl
I.ecu advocating railway development.
It had' taken their opponents, the
.Mifliiric government, six ami a half
.■.us to evolve their present policy
and be did nol think the electorate
would be ureal ly impressed with
lheir effort after su lyiini labor.
Turning to Attorney-General Bowser's comment upon bis (Oliver's)
map, .Mr. Oliver remarked thai Bow-
scr had not intelligence enough to
understand it aud proceeded to dis-
iiks llie Kootenay Central railway
project, lie told of petitions received at the legislature from Cranbrook,
Fernie and Columbia ridings, all
asking that steps lie Ukcn to faeili
tale immediate construction. Petitions which bad been ignored by the
government and which were still ignored by McHride aud his colleagi
in pining their present policy before
the people. On the other band lhe
Liberals had always recognized the
urgency of the Kootenay Central,
thev had included it in their railway
policy and if sustained by tlic people
would immediately set about securing Its construction. The Kootenay
Central would be built and it would
be built by white labor. The striking difference between the railway
lOlicics uf the two parties was that
in the ease of tbe McHride policy, a
liability of $45,000,000 would only
result in the construction of some
900 miles of road, much uf which
duplicates existing lines, whereas under tbe Liberal pollcv, for a liability
f $:i,l!li0,fi|l(l tbey would secure the
construction of 1000 miles, ail of
which would serve at present, new
ami undeveloped country.
Mr. Oliver emphatically declared
tbat there was nn difference of opinion between tbe two parties as lo the
necessity for railway building. The
question was which party offered tbe
best, most practical and most busi-
iesslike policy?
Taking up Mcnride and Bowser's
pel cry "Better Terms," Mr. Oliver
showed clearly that in recent discussion of this subject the MeBride
people had resorted to crave misrepresentations, the actual-facts being
that there had been expended in
ttritish Columbia by tbe Dominion
government upwards nf $5,000,000
more than bad been received from the
province, in the shape of customs revenue, taxes, etc. On this point,
Mr. Oliver remarked, that he had
sent a letter to Premier MeBride of
fering to discuss lhe subject with
bim on any public platform in \ an-
couver or Victoria.
Some very lucid  and vigorous com-
Imcutfi   followed   upon the attorncy-
Igoaeral's    anti-Ottawa campaign, in
uiu course uf which Mr. Oliver tliur-
. .ii>   exposed   Bowser's  Ineffective
lights which Ottawa aud at the same
; .uiu* showed   bow the real interests
[ ii   British   Columbia   had been ueg-
j leclnl.     Bowser had gained no point
I ill all    his liglit, conducted   at  meal
cost   to   lbe    province,   in any  court
higher than   that of a police ina^is-
jtrulc or a justice of the peace. Turning    to   the    timber   question, Mr.
Oliver was able clearly to expose the
j vfcillating policy uf the McHride government.     He [mint i"d out how    the
uvernmeiil had   alienated   over 12,-
I iliili.lilio acres nf   timber lands, bear-
I ing timber sufficient to last, at.   the
1 present    rate   of   consumption,    up-
I wards of 200 years, and yet by   the.
terms nf their   licenses tbey had    demanded that il all be cut'within 21
t cars.     Dr.    King, their late rcprc-
| tentative,   had   brought     forward a
motion whieh sought to give perpcl-
lilv    uf title   tu the timber license
holders, sibjeet tu certain conditions
ind this motion had been voted down
the entire Conservative party, Dr.
King's   motion   was iu the shape uf
an   amendment   tu the   act affecting
crown     lands,    and hu   proposed tu
amend   section     1)1,  sub-section  i'i)
adding thereto the following:
"Provided  that   the holder uf   anv
special timber license in good standing shall,     within   eighteen    months
next  after the    passage uf this act,
have    the   right,     upon compliance
with the terms and conditions      of
this act    with regard to tin' renewal
nf licenses, tu obtain a license    renewable from vear to year ou compliance witb the provisions uf     this
ad, and   with the further provision
, thai it shall he lawful fur the Lieutenant-Governor in Council from   time
I to   time tu    matte such regulations
I with regard to the manner of cutting
] and the   preservation    of the timber
'covered hy such license as the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may think
''it, and further, that whenever,      in
[' V   opinion     of     the   Lieutenant-
Governor in   Council,    ithe      lands
uveiid bv the license   shall   be   rc-
iiilrnd for agricultural purposes,     it
I shall bo lawful    for the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council, after giving the
license holder     sufficient notice     to
enable him     to remove   the timber
•ovpred by his license, to refuse      a
further renewal of the said license."
(Continued on page four.)
As security fur assuming the re-
spunsibililj ol guaranteeing the principal and interest on bonds to thc
extent of $35,U00 per mile, the Canadian Northern Railway company, according to statements made by Premier MeBride, is to giro British Columbia a mortgage upon tin- lines it
Is proposed to build. 'Ibis offer of a
mortgage is not, however, part ol
the memorandum of agreement. Tho
agreement as published, did uot Include the mortgage as part oi thc
government's proposed security, and
the absence ol it wns at once detected bj the opposition, whose vigorous attack compelled the p rem loi
to make a further pledge to tho electorate. At present, therefore, the
government has as sccurltj a mortgage un the contemplated lines promised bv Mr. McHride, and a pledge
by Mr, Mann that, In cast- i f the
province bo,ng called upon under
their guarantee of bunds and interest
tn make any payments, lbe moneys
thus expended "sball be a charge
upon tho Whole system of tbe Canadian Northern railway."
Of the mysteries' of Canadian
Northern 'finance, very Utile is
known, says the Winnipeg Free Press.
Onlv the private owners of the $30,-
750,000 capital stuck know how much
the sale oi Ibis Block yielded iu cash
in ibe company's treasury, and as to
lbe proceeds ol lho various bond issues the company's statements do
nut furnish much light. Tn the extent of their par value ihev constitute a liability, of which $20,6-17,-
730 at tbe end nf .luue, 1008, aie
;guaranteed tiy either lbe Dominion oi
f provincial governments, which h dd
as security a first mortgage to the
extent nf $10,000 a mile for Manitoba and $1.3,000 fur the Dominion.
In addition to this mortgage then- is
a second one given as security fur
various issues of perpetual consolidated debenture stuck, aggregating
un •lune 30, 1908, tbe sum of $21,-
05*1,710, This stuck is registered In
London, England, and with regard to
il the Stuck Exchange Year Book
says Ihal it is secured by "a general
"charge on the undertaking, property
"and assets (other than land nr
"money subsidies) of tho companj
"subject to the Ontario division
"bonds, ami to charges created, or
"to be created, not exceeding $10,000
"per iiiilc of line other than the 287
"miles in Ontario, or $ 15.000 ter
"mile if guaranteed by the parlla-
"ment nf the Dominion or any of the
"provinces of Canada, and is a speci-
"fic first, mortgage on certain securi-
"ties deposited with the trustees."
The cost price of the "certain securities" was $5,733,673. Any subsequent "charge upon the whole sys-
1 tern nf the Canadian Northern,*1 as
j olTered to lhe government nf Brithth
Columbia, will thus te in the naUre
of a third mortiraire, except as to
j Jl.ri,fino a mile. The large amount
; of Canadian Northern ueneral tlebcn-
j turc stock is secured by a blanket
■ mortgage upon all   the property    nf
llie company, except as to cash and
land grants and government guarantee! bund issues to the limit of
$15,000 per mile.
Tins will make it impossible for lhe
company in give a first mortgage for
ih' re than $15,00(J a mile, and iu addition a "'harm- upon tlie whole system" subject tu une already existing
td approximately $25,ouO,nob.
Mr. IV. Mackenzie is nn doubt a
financial wizard, ami thc raising id
|sm much monej ia tiro form of per-
I pt'lual -'-.ii* .** proof ol his genius
I in thai respect. Hut *.*> fai there
li-»v in, „ - il lance in the sccurltj he
has offered (oi mom j. but there is
only the shadow uf It lelt to offer to
the people 11 British Columbia as
icciiril) foi the huge sum tliey arc
..-ki d tn guarantei. Great, however,   as   tho    sum is,  ' v 15,000 per
mile,   l'   is   lint   sufficient   tn  o'VlT   the
cosy nf construction, Various rsti-
mates nf cost have teen made ami
tlie lowest is over $50,000 per mile.
Kxwrience has actually shown that
ii 0,000 would uol Iir ..ut of lbe way.
With the guarantee ol tin* government <■[ British C'olumbig there will
be no  It (He tilt) in financing bonds to
show a   i'
ll.i-slhilil l
Ihe 1    ads   "1
[1"   MUll!    .
Ilrms ih.'
■   ■
British C*i
is   II"       pi
a  1 il
vcutil   Mr.
ble ..: -i n Dvittg
'!      ::  1,1.   bOVS
I'll Mr llll
S  llv."
- *t v i cent."
"cal crov,
da*  ittorni
[ti ••>
litis hail to
.   twii    on Stin-
lion     wtti
i.il I .
traii       tlong
Fisher,' il>
It • ' ■     • late.
Ross .1'  "
III c .■'
|  ()       ...   „js
s'titlillli !;•'■
•   i. r.P. aad
. ■ in; '.lut the
ilir    emp!
■.■  acree-
i' 1'   .-'a itiag
M       Hans on
construi til
Olivet nrompt-
Iv olfi r.l
anj'ttting 1
li s ol 1	
Ri --
■'           Id   ' ow
i-t in tlte st ni-
which . ntained
the ".green
ienl s
" a i
•   '•■•■■ a      the
'..v. ramen
I aad
O.T 1'.       Koss
eould :   1   !■ it
claimed  that  MeBride had said such
an agreement did exist.     Oliver   re-
[ili;*!!      that  the     .;;:• ■ ' ". '.:■.:
on tf:-- G.T.P. '■'■" ' •'.'■' in '•■■
statutes mentioned and t!:at be knew
nothing i f •■'.] rt Mi Bi. h i :„;.' | b ■
p f' r el ■■ tion :■ irpi - S He
thai I."-*s should know the
•■ he i'.' ss bad •■ \t d against
lus-ion in the aereement of
•:e to ensure payment of white
waccs. Ross had if* back
However, be acain picked
up couraee and offered to be* Sl'''00
'hat he would beat Fi<-her. t'nfor-
ttoately for this bluff. Fisher was
uresenr and he promp'lv called it,
with tbe result tha* Ross crawfished
TWO WHOLE WEEKS Demonstration, Commencing Wednesday Morning, November J 7th.   Representatives of all shades of
Politics, assembled for the purpose of forgetting Politics; while we present to them FACTS AND FIGURES
concerning A GREAT SALE of Merchandise such as Cranbrook has never witnessed before.
15 Special Salesmen Wanted
l.imli in our window litis week, there you will
soo tin* much liilki'il „l
BOO ,,( those ore to bo ^ivon uwny FREE after
Doo. Ul, on two t'onilitioiitf:
1st. -Only women ftro entitled to IhoBO pii'turt'H,
Married or Single.
-'nd She tntial hold ono of our rush resistor
tiekotB issued between Nov. 17 and December 1st.
These tickets will cost you nothing, only n cull lit our
atom; you are tiot culled on to make a purchase to
obtain n tlckot, they aro I'KKK for the asking aud
will entitle you to one of these beautiful pictures,
framed as seen iu the window, when presented nl our
store any time after December 1st.
Read Conditions Carefully
Bed Spring Hattress
Dresser and Stand
4 feet wide only
C ACT I* We have more heavy winter wearing apparel than
we can hope to dispose of under ordinary business conditions this
season. At the very opening of the season, we have decided to put
the price down, so as to insure the removal of all heavy goods
while there is a demand.
FACT 2* Our Furniture Oepartment is filled and crowded to
overflowing; with two large cars to unload by December 5th. Room
must be had, and can only be obtained by disposing of goods now
in our store. Our prices—as usual—will be the moving force, of
which you will be convinced by just taking a little time to go into the
wonderful reductions in regular prices shown on this sheet.
Gum Rubbers for the Bush
Our stock in this line is complete; and despite tlie fact Unit Rubber goods have advanced
this season over twenty per cent, we are selling st the same prices as last yeir. We remain
the Lumber Jacks Best Friend, and will not advance tho prices on rubbers as many are now
doing, Biniply becauso the market has advanced since gomls were placed in stock. We expect
to sell our present stock in the next two weeks. (ret in early and stock up for the winter,
while the price is 20 per cent lower than you will be able to buy Rubbers again this winter.
Morris Chairs
We have a number with the covers faded,
not saleable as new goods. Selling at $5.00
Common Chairs
39 cents
11 only to one customer
Sale starts Wednesday Nov. 17
Bed Sheets
Full size.   Regitliir price $ 1.1U eaeh;   now
$1,110   u  pair
Cotton has advanced twenty per cent in the last -l11
days, whieh makes this  the   greatest bargain in
sheets fiver offered in Crnnbrook. $1 B(J a pair
Bed Spreads
Regular price $1.75 - - Now $1.18
Regular price $2,25 - - Now $1,60
Hy the yard. 'M inches wide
Regular price 12 cents        - -        Now 8 cents
Same as above, full yard wide   good solid doth
Regular price 15 cents - Now '.i\ cents
Ladies' Hose
Regular price 50c.       Pun; Cashmere      Now oilc.
Ladies' Hose
Regular price 40c,   -     Cashmere     -     Now 20c.
Children's School Oloves
19o. and 28o. per pair.
Watch Wednesday's issue of the Herald
We will give prices on   Men's Shoes, Sox, Cnps-
liird Maokinaw Goods— Shoe Pucks, Shirts, etc.
All kinds of leather upholstered chairs mid coaches,
along willi D.isks. Dressers,  Beds. Springs, -Matt-
resses. All will have the  special  Price,  which  none
can afford to miss.
Wool Carpet
Regular price 110 ceuts.     yard wide      Now 112 cents
Cranbrook Co-operative Stores, Cranbrook, B.C.
»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-»♦♦♦♦« THE   CRAWBROOK  HERALD
12.00 A YEAR
NOVEMBER  15, 1 <><.)«>
llv the Herald   Publishing Company,
F. .1. Deane, Managing Editor.
During the past week elcctorB of
Cranbroota had thu advantage of hearing thc leaders of both parlies alt
the strong points of their respective
policies. For the     government,
Messrs. McHride ami Bowser attempted to gild the Canadian Northern contract, with prophecies of
what it would accomplish for the
province at large and tor Cranbronk
district in particular, so as lo make
it acceptable. On the other hand
Leader John Oliver removed ninth of
thc gilt from the Canadian Northern
Ringer-bread, putting it licfore tlio
electors in a completely unvarnished
condition, and, it is simply the truth
to state, that in that plain and
undisguised state, it did not seem so
attractive as heretofore. Moreover, Mr. Oliver was able to show
the electors tbat for a far smaller
investment, an investment entailing
far less liability upon tbe taxpayers,
railroad construction of greater
length and of fur greater usefulness
to the province, eould lie secured by
adoption of tlie Liberal policy. The
Herald has placed both pleas before
ita readers and it is up to the intelligent elector to take his choice.
For our own part we have not tbe
slightest hesitation in deciding in
favor ot the programme outlined by
Mr. Oliver. We want to see the
province opened up by lines of railway that will allurd encouragement
Lo the settlers now pouring inlo all
porLions of tbe province und Mr*.
Oliver's policy will secure tins end,
lar quicker uud at far less cost than
Mcliridc's. Ho far then as the respective railway policies uf the government aud the Liberal opposition
are concerned we feel that there
should be uo hesitation ou the pan
of the electorate,in giving u preference
to that of the latter. As to t..e
other features of the respective policies, whieh should receive consideration at the hands of the electorate,
il may fairly be said tbat MeBride *.
policy is devoted solely to railway
construction, whilst the Liberal
pulley contains promise ol reforms
and innovations tbat must appCu,
strongly to every elector, who places
tlie well being of the province before
partisan advantage.
Mr. Oliver told the electors of
Craubrook tlie Liberal party's policy
in reference to municipalities. He anil
his parly stand for better terms .or
tlic municipalities. Their policy iu
this regard being set forth tu the
lollowing language in their platform:
"The transference of the power of
levying and collecting taxes upon
personal property within municipalities from the provincial government
lo the municipalities iu order to augment the inadequate revenues of the
existing municipalities."
Mr. Oliver also proposes to take
active steps to lessen the evil arising
from tho residence in our midst of so
many Orientals. His proposition in
this respect deserves the careful consideration of every elector. Effective
enforcement of this proposition
would materially reduce the competitive power of Asiatics with white
labor and would, moreover, inure
greatly to the benefit of every locality wherein thc Asiatics ure assembled. His proposal in this regard reads as follows:
"Uigid government inspection of alt
places of human abode nnd the en-
focement of building, health and sanitary regulations so as to insure, as
far as possible, the safety of human
life, and to abolish and prevent tbe
deplorable conditions now so prevalent in tbe dwellings of a large number ot undesirable citizens."
The policy ot the Liberal party iii.
regard to thc timber resources of tbe
province is set forth as follows:
"Provision for the extension oi
special timber licenses to he made In
the substitution for the present timber licenses renewable from vear to
year, granted on the following conditions: (a). That rentals and royal's may be fixed from time to time,
(b). Tbat thc licenses shall be held
subject to such regulations with regard to the manner of culling and
the preservation of the timber covered by tbe licenses as may be promulgated by the lieutenant-governor 1
council, (e). That agricultural lands
required for settlement may be withdrawn from the operation of limber
licenses by order of tbe lieutenant-
governor in couneil after reasonable
notice has been given to the licensee
to remove the timber within the
period of time fixed by the order,
(d). And that fur the cutllmt nml rr
moval o! such timber the wages v>
shall be such wages as ure generally
accepted as current for competent
white workmen in the district in
which the work is performed."
This policy has not been adopted in
the heat of the campaign, in an effort to secure thc support of a large
and influential element of the electorate, but is the calm and well reasoned solution of a problem of creat
importance to tbe industrial well being ot the province, advocated on the
floor of thc legislature for vears pus!
and as regularly voted down by the
McHride government. It is true' that
at this* late hour Premier MeBride
has declared his conversion to tbe
Liberal partv's policy, but it is
doubtful if that conversion can be
regarded as being of a lasting char-
'"'ter and it by no means indicates
that his supporters have been equally
convicted of the error of their pasl
We must defer further consideration
of the planks in tbe Liberal platform
to another occasion, but sufficient
has been said to point clearly to the
course which should be followed by
every elector who desires to exercise
his franch se next Thursday week in
the manner most conducive to the
interests of the province at large and
ot this constituency in particular,
Cranbrook riding will tie greatly and
most speedily benefitted by the Liberal railway policy, which lias as
of its main features, lhe Immediate construction of tho Kootenay
Central railway. This riding is vitally concerned in the well-being of
tho lumber industry and the Liberal
party's well considered and carefully
weighed policy in this regard must
meet with the approval of all concerned, If then we ean secure what
is best for ourselves and at the same
lime assist in the furtherance*of a
lolicy that will make for lbe betterment of conditions throughout this
nrovince, wo shall only be exercising
(lound it—Mr. M, A. Macdonald, the
iiipporl of the man who stands for
that policy and who has shown such
exceptional ability to clearly ex-
rood common sense uniting in
Liberal nominee.
At a public meeting recently held
in ttie city of Vancouver, llie following resolution was unanimously endorsed. As will be noted by perusal of the resolution the wrath of
Vancouver city electors lias been
aroused by reason of the McUride
government's trickery in connection
with the printing of the voters'
lists. The resolution reads as follows:
Whereas, iimitf the provisions of.
the Provincial Kleclions Act, the
court of revision opens on the ffrst
Monday of November in each year;
And whereas, tbe court of revision
ui the preseiit year sat on Monday,
lhe first day of November, 1909;
And whereas, the voters' list ot lhe
electoral district of Vancouver city
iui thc fifth day of November, IflOU,
is not reudy;
Aud whereas, the electors of the
city of Vancouver are unable to obtain copies ot the voters' list upou
application for same;
And whereas, the government of the
province o| British Columbia w*s
dissolved on tbe eighteenth day of
October, 1808;
And whereas, the writ (or the ejee
loral district of the city of Vancouver was issued on the 20th day of October. 1909;
And whereas, the day of nomiii-v
lion has been fixed by the government for thc lltli dav uf November,
And whereas, untter the Elections
Act the day for polling is fixed fout-
tccn days after the date ot nomination;
Be it resolved, that this meeting of
electors assembled at O'Brien hall,
protest against the action ol the government in fixing the date of nomination at a time when it is impossible
for the electors to obtain ihe voters'
lists and that such acliu.i on the
.art of thc government is an abuse
uf the Klections Act;
And be it further resolved, that the
opinion of this meeting is that the
action of the government in forcing
the election on without time being
given to the electors to obtain the
.liters' lists is a direct violation of
lhe Klections Act and a wilful deprivation by the government oT the
rights and privileges ot the electors.
The Vancouver Board of Trade has
run toul of Premier MeBride. That
organization took up the question ot
freight rates and attempted to secure some definite statement of
policy in that connection from tlie
premier. But MeBride does not
care to tie liimself to definite statements and consequently incurred the
ire of the board by returning evasive
replies to their queries. As a result
of this conduct the Vancouver Board
of Trade has passed a resolution
condemning the premier for his conduct.
H. M. Vasey, the Liberal candidate iu Kamloops district, formerly
represented by lion. P. .1. Fulton, is
putting up a winning fight und is
likelt lo head the poll. Electors of
Kamloops are specially bos-tile because of the failure of the MeBride
railway policy to bring the C.N.R,
into that town. According to lbe
present terms of the arrangements
with McKcnzic and .Mann, the line
will side track Kamloops, Vasey is
t bright, energetic man and slauds
well with the farmers of the outlying
portions of the district. He is a
good speaker and a generally well-
informed man.
Nomination day passed off quietly
throughout the province. There will
be a contest in every tiding and a
Liberal candidate bas been nominated in every uistrlct, save two, Nanaimo Citv and Vmir. In Kaslo,
that old war horse, John Keen, bus
accepted the Liberal nomination and
bis hosts of admirers tlirmiithout the
Kootenays will wish him good
luck. Dr. Kergin Is in the field
again tor the Skeena and is a safe
winner. Hon. H. E. Young, minister
of education, is seeking re-election
for Atlin, hut has opposed to him a
Liberal candidate, Thos. Kearns, a
miner, who will defeat him. Thc
defeat of Tom Taylor, minister ot
public works, in ltevelstoke, is generally conceded. The only members
of the cabinet who can count with
any degree of safety upon retaining
their seats are Premier MeBride and
Attorney-General Bowser, and as to
these two, there are those who seriously question the probability of
either of them being re-elected. If,
as is anticipated, the labor vote in
Vancouver stands fairly solidly hv
the Liberal candidates, the old solid
Tory five will he wlppd out entirely
fn any event it is freely conceded
that the Liberals will carrv three
out of the five Vancouver seats. In
Victoria, with Morley in tbo Liberal
ticket In place of Mann, it is practically assured that there will be a
clean sweep, with .lohn Oliver elected at head of poll,
■John Oliver held a very successful
mooting at Movie on Thursday afternoon last before coming to Cranbrook. Lack of space prevented any
report of this meeting appearing in
last Friday's issue and a few words
iu reference thereto will not he out ot
plaee even at this late date, Mr.
Oliver was given a splendid reception
upwards of four hundred attending
tho meeting. Among the principal
points dealt with by Mr. Oliver in
course ol bis speech was the question
Ol labor legislation, Mr, Oliver referred to ihe many labor hills Introduced in the legislature by the Socialists and pointed oui thai the
greater part of them dealt with
questions and conditions, of whieh
lhe hulk (.f the members knew lil tie
or nothing. For bis pari, he was
freee to say, that be would nol vote
for legislative eiiactniwits, tlm effect
ot which upon Industrial conditions
he could not tell. To meet this situation be said be would advocate the
establishment of a department of
labor, under a responsible minister,
whose duty it would he to report exhaustively upon conditions of any
Industry affected by proposed legislation. This declaration of the Liberal leader was heartily received by
lbe large audience. Mr. O.iver dealt
thoroughly with the railway policy
of the MeBride government and
made quite clear to those present
that it could only be regarded in the
nature of a gold brick. Hu also exposed the two-faced attitude ot the
MeBride government on the Asiatic
question and unmercifully scored
Bowser, for bis treacherous conduct
in connection with the Gotoh Japanese labor contract, a contract which
Bowser drew up and which he later
attempted to charge up to the Liberals. The candidature of Mr. M. A.
Macdonald was hcartilv endorsed'and
apparently met with the hearty approval of the bulk of those pie-
There was a grand turnout on Saturday evening at Fernie lo hear the
Liberal leaders, Oliver and F. C.
Wade, of Vancouver, expound the Liberal policy and criticise Mcliridc's
railway proposals. This splendid
meeting was held in the interests of
the candidature of Mr."A. 1, Fisher
and, if the interest and enthusiasm
aroused can be taken as any indication of the trend of public opinion iu
tbat eily, then Mr. A. I. Fisher will
surely be the next representative
irom Fernie   in the local legislature.
It is to be regretted that considcr-
.itions of time and space prevent
Liiything like full justice being done
.ii the splendid addresses of Messrs.
Oliter and Wade. Only the barest
mention of some of tbe good points
raised, must suffice. The Auditorium was crowded to capacity, and iu
iplte of the intense cold that prevailed, the heating plant of tlie
building uot being in operation, the
large crowd stayed' throughout proceedings und vociferously and enthusiastically applauded the concluding
remarks of Leader Oliver, F. C.
VVado opened the meeting, over which
Mr. D. Macdonald presided. In ibis
opening remarks Mr. Wade very happily referred to Leader Oliver as
"Our fanner statesman," and went
on to draw a comparison between
Mr. Oliver and the late Hon. Tom
Greenway, for so many years premier
of Manitoba. Mr. Wade had been intimately associated with the lute
Tom Greenway and he said he found
in Mr. Oliver the same sturdy qualities that characterized the popular
Liberal leader of Manitoba. Coutiu-
tiiig, Mr. Wade said the present campaign might be described as "British
Columbia against lbe Spoilers." A
united British Columbia parly, under
(he leadership of Mr. Oliver, would
safeguard provincial interests. Mr.
Wade then went into an exhaustive
discussion of the MeBride railway
policy, incidentally commenting upon
the attempt to secure a snap verdict
upon this momentous question, which
he designated "an infamous attempt
lo steal lbe verdict of the people."
In the course of his discussion ot
Ibis issue Mr. Wade dealt with the
resignations of Ministers Tatlow and
Fulton and intimated that Mr. Tatlow, the former finance minister ot
lbe province, bad been given just *il*
minutes by Premier MeBride in
which to decide whether or not he
would endorse the deal he (MeBride)
:iad concluded with McKcnzic and
Mann. Minister Fulton bad been
Hivcn the same short time in which
to make up bis mind. Happily both
:ien rose superior to tbe occasion,
and, placing thc welfare of the province before their personal interests,
declined to endorse McBride's bole
iu the corner bargain and iininediatc-
.  resigned office.
Mr. Wade concluded uu able uud
forceful address with a review of W.
!(.  Boss' voting record lu tbe li-;is-
itiire. Mr. Boss and a speaker for
Socialist Candidate Harrington, bad
been Invited to sents on the platform, during Mr. Wade's address. It
was a very unhappy quarter ol an
hour that Mr, Boss experienced as
Mr. Wade read vote after vote he had
polled in the last two sessions of the
legislature against the interests of
the wage workers and against Liberal
efforts to restrict the evils ot Mongolian competition with white labor.
Rousing cheers at the close told of
lho effective hit Mr. Wade had made
in his first speech at Fernie.
J, C. Turner, on liehalf of Socialist
Candidate Harrington, was given
half an hour, which he took up with
a general condemnation of both parties and a strong denunciation of tlie
railway policies of both MeBride ami
Oliver. W. It. Boss, ex-M.P.P., followed, he also being allowed half an
hour. Mr. Boss did not appear very
f-om for table and his reception cor-
ininlv did not cheer him up any. Ignoring his votes on labor questions,
save to sav that he had alwavs voted as bis leader, MeBride, had done,
which he considered his duty ns n
"ne party man, Mr. Boss sought
to gain the favor of his audience by
referring to a scheme he lind mooted
some years    ago for thv establish-
Dress Goods
Our stock of Dress Goods is the most complete
in this district, and for
we  have   decided   to   give   our   Lady   Customers   the
chance to obtain Goods at Wholesale Prices.
Below we give you several examples of the prices
which you will be unable to duplicate elsewhere for
the same quality of goods.
Wool Crepe,       -      reg. $i.oo for 65c.
In several different shades.
Our All Wool Tweeds, reg. 85c. for 55c.
Suitable for School Dresses, Skirts, etc.
Meltons,     -      -      reg. $1.40 for $1.10
in Grey, Plum, Green and Black
Panamas and Voiles, reg. 1.00 for 65c.
In Cream and White, suitable for evening wear.
Our stock of TKiriMINGS to match the above is
the largest and most varied in the Interior, and we are
offering these at prices which are practically cut in two.
ment of night schools and promised,
if re-elected, that he would have efiect given   to this    scheme within a
cry short period.
Leader .lohn Oliver closed the
meeting, His reception told plainly
•if the high regard in which thc farmer statesman ot B. C. is held at
1'Vniic and throughout his threc-
liiarter of an hour speech, repeated
mt bursts of applause told ot the
onvincing nature of his arguments.
After a few preliminary remarks, Mr.
Oliver took up the editorial state-
uieiil in the Nelson News ot that
day, in which he was charged with
unifying the records In his statement anent the MeBride government s's contract wilh the G.T.P,,
wherein be had said that there was
no clause prohibiting the employment of Chinese. Mr. Oliver repeated his previous statements and
olTered Mr. Boss, or anyone else in
the audience MOO, if he eould find n
ilnglo word in the agreements relat-
lig to Chinese labor.
W.   B. Boss interrupted with    the
uery,    "Where     did you     get that
100?" <r-uick ns a (lash came back
the reply, "1 earned it hy my own
labor," a reply that fairly captured
the house had elicited loud and
prolonged cheers. Continuing Mr.
Oliver suid he had been a worker atl
bis life, having gone down into the
coal mines of Derbyshire at tho age
of 11 years and had ever since becn
working bard to support his family.
This reply aroused the audience to
a high pitch of enthusiasm and it
was several moments before Mr,
Oliver could proceed.
When quiet once more prevailed,
Mr. Oliver went on to discuss some
of the points raised by the Socialist
speaker, who had complained tbat
Leader Oliver bad at times voted
against labor measures introduced by
Socialist representatives. Mr. Oliver frankly admitted the charge and
intimated that under similar conditions he would do thc same thing.
He expressed sincere sympathy with
all well reasoned legislation, framed
to benefit the working classes, at
the same time he intimated that he
would not vote for legislative enactments affecting large Industries, without full nnd sound advice as to tho
probable effects of such legislation
upon the general welfare ot thc
province. He advocated and pledged
his support to tbe establishment of a
department of labor, under the control of a responsible minister, whose
duty it would be to report fully and
exhaustively upon any proposed legislation of the nature under discussion, so Unit every member ot the
.gislature might be able to cast bis
vote in the full light ot the effects
ihis legislation would have upon thu
prowncc as a whole.
This declaration of policy apparc-i'r
lv met with the hearty approval of
all present, as it was greeted with
enthusiastic applause.
Discussing McBride's change ol
front in regard to timber licenses,
Oliver propounded this query: "If
MeBride is prepared to 'eat crow',
can he vouch for all his followers doing the same?" a proposition that
igain struck home and elicited loud
Mr. Oliver dealt wilh the various
planks in the Liberal platform, speakr
nig principally ot those dealing witb
belter terms to the municipalities
and with tbe sanitary Inspection of
lbe dwelling places of Mongolians.
His remarks iu this regard meeting
witb hearty approval.
Mr. Oliver went ou to discuss the
respective railway policies nnd sev-
■ral other topics ot live loeal interest. His remarks being interpolated
with frequent outbursts of applause
aud nt the conclusion he was accorded a perfect ovation. Despite ithe
chilly condition of the hall, Mr. Oliver had held the audience's attention
throughout and it was with
evident regret on the
part of the many present that
ever delivered in Fernie.
Hearty cheers for Fisher and Oliver
were given before the audience poured
out of thc hall.
Mr. Fisher was unfortunately prevented from attending this ire'tin-*,
owing to thc train from Oateway being delayed.
said: t
"It is mockery to ask us to put
down drunkenness by moral and religious means, when the Legislature
facilitates thc multiplication of incitements to intemperance on every
side. Vou might as well call upon
me as the captain of a sinking ship, 1
nnd say: 'Why don't you pump the
water out?' when you are scuttling
tbt ship Hi every direction."—AdT.
Cranbrook Trading Co.
Phone 183
P.O. Box A.
Harness and Harness Repairing
Flour, Feed,  Hay, and  Grain
Shipping  Orders receive  Prompt  Attention
Billiken's Smile V
Tho Smile timt won't eome off.      Look in my window
where he is oa exhibition und see whut he snj's about
Wholeealo  Wins  Merchant
Phone 17 Cranbrook, B. C.
Albert Mutz, the Fernie brewer,
was in town several days last week.
Get your order in before tho Xmas
rush at Dave Small & Co., ladies
and gents tailors, Armstrong Ave.
P. Woods & Co. received three
carloads ot cattle on Friday.
McClary's famous ranger and beaters at Patmore Bros.
F. -I. Snuitli, nf ibe Moyie Leader,
was in town on Sunday.
The Fink Mercantile Co. hnve received an import, shipment of white
and golden dinner ware.
.1. McMillan, of Calgary, Alta.,
superintendent or C.P.R. telegraph
lines, was iu the city on Tuesday.
Politics is tho whole snbjecl nf
co ii versa I ion these davs. Hul llie
Dummy talks nothing but cleaning
and pressing, Como in and bear him
at Vcits -VUnison's.
,1. V. Fink left, bv slage on Friday
to visit tlie camps along tlie Windermere Valley ns tar us Canal Flats.
Bordeaux chocolates at Fink's I'ure
Food Grocery.
Mrs. (1. F. Manabntl und daughter
returned from a verv pleasant visit
with friends ia California last week.
The Fink Mcmmtile Co. are showing au exquisite line of fancy French
and Austrian china.
T. G. Proctor, of Nelson, real estate and Insurance man, is registered
at the Cranbrook.
"Runners" tor collapsible go-carts.
Bring along your carls and let us
lit vou out for the wlntor.—Pfttmoro
M. A. Macdonald, the Liberal candidate, left for Moyie this afternoon
to address a meeting at that point.
Prices cut in two on all lines ot
hosiery this week.—A. C. Pye.
FANCY SKATES-Wanted to exchange for hockey skates. Address
Herald. 3B-U*
.lack Bremner, of Kdmontin, Alta.,
hut formerly of this city, is shaking
hands with old friends here this
LOST-A   hunch ot keys.     Finder
please leave at the Herald office,   'io
Work    on   the    new   power house
was commenced this morning and will
lie rushed ns rapidly as possible.
New books just received by the
Cranbrook Drug <fc Book Co. See
Miss Trimming-ham, who has heen
visiting Mr. and Mrs. A. Leitch for
some time, left on Thursday for her
home in Chicago, 111.
Burnt onion sauce at Fink's Pure
Food Grocery.
Mrs. R, A. Kimpton on Tuesday
left tor her home in Windermere after a .pleasant visit with Mr. anil
Mrs. E. H. Small.
We lead, others follofr. Cranbrook
Drug & Book Co., ihe Up-tO-datO
Genuine Gait coal at .1. F.Perry's.
Leave   your order early.
.1. C. Patmore bas gone to Lethbridge- Alta., to cotnpleie the steam
heating and plumbing in Jackson <v
Cameron's new    hotel at the collier-
Wilson, the jeweler, has just
brought to the city one ot the finest
line of stone set and signet rings
ever shown in this section.
Bulloch and Webster, the up-to-date
barhers, have been making their shop
very attractive by the addition id
four new mirrors.
Politics     is   the   whole subject uf
eonvcrsation these days.      But   the
Dummy     talks   nothing hut cleaning
ami pressing.     Come iu and I.e. .
at Veits -VHaison's.
The Fink Mercantile Co. will have
Marry Webb's plum pudding for
Xmas. Harry Webb's are the best
WANTED—A good general servant,
Apply Alts. Pinkbuiii. 35-tl
Itev. It. N. Powell, of Nelson, occupied the pulpit of tbe Methodist
eliureli at both services yesterday,
t'he morning subject was Job and the
evening Borzulat, Mr. Powell is a
forceful and Interesting Bpeaki
those win:
a treat.
Woman   wants
store or office,
I bearing fiim missed
situation in bouse,
iibce.    Good business   ex-
Imt not good eook; any loll I v;   experienced bookkeeper.     A.
i,  lis Sixth St., Edmonton,
QXtrnct  of beef at Fink's
Cure Food Grocery.
Do not miss hearing the Rev. R.
N. Powell, of Nelson, Tuesday evening, lie will lecture on "Some
Sons of Empire. Their Wise and
Witty Ways." Admission tree. The
Ladles Aid will serve refreshments al
the close of the lecture.
.Iust received a shipment nf hoys
and misses hockey boots.—A. C. Pye.
Get your order in before thc Xmas
rush at Dave Small & Co., ladies
uul gents tailors, Armstrong Ave.
Mr.   M.     A. Macdonald's meetings
Nelson's Victory is not, as has been
suggested, in a state of decay, and
an ollicial assurance has been"forthcoming that the repairs made in lima
will suffice to enable her to last
for many years.
A pickpocket stule Iir. Kcir Har-
die's gold watch as be was about
to enter a tramway-car near the
Bricklayers' Aims, Bermondsey, The
watch wus presented to bim liy thc
Independent Labor Party four' years
General Booth, who made lus first
public appearance since his illness at
tbe Congress Hall, Clapton, the
other day, said that although the
•dglil of one eye was gone and that
of the other was allecU-d seriously,
lie was assured that be was still
good enough foi ten years' more
Scent equestrian statue erected iu
i at hays Park in commemoration of
tbe charge. Sir Alfred Thomas, M.
P., presided over a huge gathering
around tbe monument, which was unveiled by thu Earl ot Plymouth.
The Lord .Mayor having accepted it
on behalf of the city, Sir Alfred
Thomas ruse, and remarked, "Forward' the Light Brigade." This
was a dramatic moment, for Viscount Tredegar stepped briskly fur-
ward, amidst great cheering. In a
brief address, the hale veteran recalled the words ot the French j-,en-
eial upon the charge ol the Light
Brigade—"It is magnificent, but it is
not war." "1 don't know exactlj
what that general would call war,"
he remarked, amid laughter, "hut the
charge was something very nearly
like war." The statue, which is in
bronze, stands 2111. high, and is a
spirited piece nf work bv Mr. Gos-
COmbe John, R.A. Lord Tredegar
Is shown seated upon his charger, ii:
the unilorm ot  lhe 17tll  Lancers.
Just arrived.—A full line nf fancy
dishes for the Xmas trade.—I. Manning, the Cash Grocer.
The foundation for thc new staat-
ina rink is nearly finished and work
will be rushed to completion b\
Christmas. Get your skates sharpened and secure your ticket and lie
in line for the opening.
The Fink Mercantile Co. have en
route three cars of canned fruits and
Enquiries are daily being made ai
the Herald for rooms, suitable for
light housekeeping, Parties liming
same to rent would do well lo make
use of these columns.
Winter is here! You'll need a cutter. To save nioncv see the ship
ment of new cutters VanWormer has
in stock.
Dr. 11. E. Hall, the popular dentist, went out lo bis ranch on St.
Marys Prairie yesterday, expecting
l,. shooi some .lurks, hut tound tbem
enjoying a skat ine partv ami bad not
tbe tlCRtt   to spoil thru  pleasure.
FOUND—A while woollen glove
with a small bum on top, Owner
please call on T.L.Q., mom til,
Wentworth hotel. SMI
Roquefort cheese nl Fink's Pure
Food Grocery.
Winter Is here' You'll llOOd Fl cut
ter. To save money see the shipment of new cut lers VanWormer has
in stock.
for this week will be held as follows:
Tuesday, Wardner; Wednesday, Fernie: where he will speak for Mr. A.
L Fisher, Thursday, Kimberley, Fri-
lay, Wyeliffe, ami Saturday Wasa.
Bring your prescription to the
Cranbrook Drug & Hook Co. Accuracy and promptness our motto.
Just arrived.—A full line ot fancy
dishes for tbo Xmas trade.—J. Manning, the Cash Grocer.
FOR SALE—Small house and lot;
well fenced; north of hospital; price
$100 cash. Apply Box 36, Cranbrook. 31-lt*
About 10.30 this morning an alarm
was sent in of a lire in thc basement of the C.P.R. station. The
brigade responded in their usual
prompt manner aud had thc threatened" conflagration under control in a
short time. The brigade was somewhat handicapped, owing to tho hydrant at the Cranbrook hotel being
frozen. The Inss will he slight. The
lire originated from an overheated
Yesterday our little friend, Ethel
Reed, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E.
11. Reed, was laid to rest in the
Cranbrook cemetery. A large number of friends and relatives joined
with the sorrowing ones to follow
tho little one as a last token of respect and sympathy to the English
church, where a most beautiful service was held, Itev. K. P. Flewelling
A t i he close of 1 he service t he
cortege, which here bad been joined
i< v many moro friends, wended
its way to the cemetery, whore, after more kind and comforting words
were spoken, the last rites performed
hey turned their faces once more
Tbe City band, of whieh Mr. Reed
3 a valued member, turned out to
pay their las! respects. The mem-
; of Crnnbrook Typographical
Union, 640, of which Mr. Reed is also
, member, were present at the finical.
ind Mrs. E. H. Reed wish ito
their   ihauks to their many
',ls for their kind expressions   ot
pathy   during   their   recent     be-
cmenl and also for the flowers so
kindly sent.
Phone 2
P. 0.  Hox 30.
1    .supporters     address
Liberal Committee,
p. O. Box 20.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Chamberlain
have left Highbury for London. They
are expected to remain there fur
soini* (iiue. Intimate friends of Mr.
Chamberlain slate that his health
bus made substantial improvement
during the summer and autumn. He
continues verv infirm, however, walling with difficulty.
Those two old traveling companions, Sir Thomas Uewar and Sir
Thomas Lipton, will in January sail
for East Africa on a big game-
bunting expedition. Tbey will remain iu tbe neighborhood of tbe
great lakes for a couple of months,
travel tlience to Khartoum, and tour
Egypt before returning home in
April. Though the two knights have
often gone deer-stalking together
they have never encountered lions,
tigers, and so forth yet, but both
are very keen on the trip. Originally, Sir Thomas Dewar intended to
head an expedition, but Sir Thomas
Lipton expressed a desire to accompany his old friend, and the latter was only too pleased to agree.
Colonel Lamb, of thc Salvation
Army, who was sent to investigate
the three thousand acres ol land given to tbe army by the Canadian
Pacific Railway company, reports
strongly in favor of Calgary as a
center for colonization. The land,
be says, is now being divided into
farms ot eighty acres each, wells
are being sunk for the water
supply, and huls erected for the accommodation of settlers as they arrive. Asked as to the financing of
the scheme, Colonel Lamb replied:
It is purely a business arrangement
on the part of the C.P.R. company.
You see, we have thc men and the
desire to help; they have the land
and the money. The applicants
must he married, and those with
families will have first consideration.
Character and aptitude will bo taken
into consideration in all cases.
An inquest was held at Hull on
George Smart, the famous skater,
who died in the local infirmary ns
the result of an accident in the
new dock, which is being constructed. George—or as he wns better
known, "Fish"—Smart was a native
of Wisbech, became famous in 1R78,
when, at Mepal, he defeated his
hitherto all-conquering cousin,
(ieorge Sec. The Smarts were the
most famous skating family in the
most skating district, the Fens.
From 1878 to 1888 "Fish" Smart
was the finest speed skater in
Great Britain, and in the latter
year, when he was defeated, it was
his younger brother, James. IBs
at   their finest    when
i in* announcement o,
■lr. Edward Eden Peac
iger of the "Morning
oiiic as a groat shock
be death   of
ck, the man-
Post," will
to his many
abilities wer
friends. Mr. Peacock had undergone
.in operation at a nursing home iu
London for cancer. No man was
better known iu journalistic circles
than Mr. Peacock. He was for some
vears chief of llie stalT of the
"Morning Post" in tho House of
Commons,    and left that position tu
iconic manager of the paper. liis
sympathies were wide and active.
He helped the Newspaper Puss Fund
to its presenl high financial position,
was a founder and past president of
the London Press club, for years was
honorary secretary of the Bohemian
Savage club, and stood high in    the
raft of Masonry. As manager nf
the "Morning post," and right-hand
nan to Lord Glcnesk, he had much
to   do      with    tho   creation of the
oat buildings, which are so prominent figure of the Aldwyeh, facing
the Gaiety tnealre. The customary
Saturday night Bohemian dinner at
the Savage club wae vostponcd on
Saturday as a mark of respect to
the Into honorary secretary af the
club. Mr. Peacock, who came of an
old Lancashire familv, was born at
Bcscol, Staffordshire.' At the age of
fifteen he entered the goods department of the London and North-West-
in railway, hut even then bad a
fancy tor journalism, acting iu the
evening as reporter on the newly
started "Walsall Observer." His
proficiency in shorthand gained him
in 18fi!l the position of .supernumerary roportor on the "Morning
Another great ship was added to
the British navy recently in the sup-
er-Brcadnought cruiser Indefatigable,
launched at Devon port, the ceremony
being performed by Ladv Loreburn,
wife of the Lord Chancellor. The
launch ol the Indefatigable completes
ths quartette of armored cruisers
known as thc "I" and Invincible
class. Larger than the Invincible
by some '3,000 tons additional displacement, llie Indefatigable is in
speed and radius of action—two paramount features of a cruiser—a considerable improvement upon her predecessors. Her principal features
are: Length, 657 feet; beam, 80 feet;
displacement, 10,000 tons; horse pow-
45,000; designed speed, 25 knats;
coal capacity, 2,500 tons; complement, 700. Compared with the Invincible, which is of 17,000 displacement, she is longer, broader, and
deeper in the water; while, from the
fact that her engines will be of
•1,000 greater horse power, she Is expected to develop a higher speed.
Thc Indefatigable will be protected
by an armored belt 8 in. thick—or 1
inch thicker than the Invincible—and
and will carry an armament ol eight
12 inch guns and twenty I inch guns,
circle in which they formerly moved
iu Seattle, tbey have settled in
PuyaUup, where the unfrocked priest
bas opened a leu cent moving picture
show. The marriage was solemnized
last Monday evening by Rev. W. E.
Randall, a Baptist minister of Everett, Wash., following a romance tbat
has few parallels in recent years.
Sagesse, a native of Naples, master
of eight languages, only twenty-four
years old, lighting against the monastic asceticism ot the priesthood,
came to Seattle a little more than u.
vear ago Trom Cowlitz county,
where he bad been stationed three
years following his arrival in America, lb' had visions of a woman
who would be to him as Ileloise was
to Abclard. One day in Seattle he
entered a street car and, sitting at-1
most directly opposite him, he beheld tho woman who bad appeared in
ins visions. When she left the ear,!
he followed ber, forgetting the duty
In* owed lo the church, Finding sbo-l
was employed on the stage, he sat at
tho side of the theatre nearest thc
piano, remaining throughout every
performance, and on lhe third day",
Miss Reynolds spoke to him. It was
love with her nl first sight. She went
to the home of her parents, Mr. and
(i. M. Reynolds.
at Valley Citv.
who live on
Sagesso made
lute trips each week to Valley City
to visit lhe woman, and lasi July
they were married. They decided to
marry in the fall, but owing to objection raised hy Hie parents of the
girl, nn elopement was necessary.
Mrs. T. E. South, who has been
confined to St. Eugene hospital lor
tho past week with rheumatism, returned home Wednesday last.
To Wit;
IIVEN that the following eandi-
lates have been duly nominated:
William Fnrqilhnr Glird, Barrister.
Stephen     Hamilton Mosklns, Civil
ihat no more candidates have beet
lomitiatcd for the ollice of Sehoo
Trustees than there are Sehoo
Trustees to be elected.
I HEREBY declare the above nam
•il. William Kanpihar Gun) ate
Stephen Hamilton Hnskins, tilth
Given under     mv hand     at Cran*
brook. B. ('., ihis    lfith dav of No
ember, 1909.
Thos. M. Robots,
tfi-lt Returning Ollicer
Persons owning property, and
Whose names were not on the Voters
List for 1000, are reminded that before their names can be placed upon
the Voters List for 101(1, thev must
produce the deeds of their property
to the Citv Clerk, on or before the
'10th of November, 1000. 35
Life and Fire Insurance - Real Estate
Office-—Up stairs over Burns1 Dry
Goods Store
Come in nnd lot me quote you rates
Among other improvements introduc-
National     Skating association |ed in the new ship   is an important
formed, and he secured all    the  modification in the disposition of the
i   for which   he entered.       His eight 12 inch guns, which will give a
record    of   three   minutes    for     a j wider   arc   of   fire in     all hearings,
tratght   mile, in 1881, is still    the  while   the fire   control   system   has
il   performance of _its kind.      He Ivcen  carried   to   a further  stage of
was a nephew ot "Turkey" Smart,
who, in 1851, defeated the pick of
the Southern "school," and started
what was known as the "Welney"
hool, members of the latter being
imitators of "Turkey" Smart's then
peculiar crouching stylo—a style
which is accepted as correct to this
Viscount Tredegar, who took part
as a captain in the 17th Lancers in
the ever famous charge of the Light
Brigade at Balaclava, was added to
the short but  distinguished roll     of
norary freemen of the city of Cardiff on its fifty-fifth anniversary.
Subsequently the veteran witnessed
the unveiling nf a costly and magni-
Seattle, Wash,, Oct. 29.-Defying
the wrath of thc Catholic church,
abandoning a career tbat might have
been crowned with the red hat of a
cardinal, Luscuis Pascal Sagesse,
priest in the Mount Carmcl mission,
last week laid aside his sacerdotal
robes and eloped with pretty nineteen-year-old Sadie B. Reynolds,
formerly a star with the Pollard
Lilliputian Opera company, and more
recently a member of comic opera
Spurned by the girl's relatives, all
strict Catholics, outcasts from    the
Vt 111)
I it'll n
in. A. n. Morgan
lu. II. B. Young .
in. ii. Callaban ,„
j   \, Frascr
ll. <;. Parson
\\   ll   Itnyward ....
Mjt'h.U'l .Millisi.il
['-homnfl Cavott
H   A   I'iittlrv   	
l<\ J. Maokonzlo ...
VV. .1. Muiisim
Ksiimmiiit   ii. ii. I'lolmckon
(ituml l*orki
W. II. Ross .
Kflirsl  Millet ...
,1. li. .Inckson ...
Uliimls  \. E, McPhllllps ....
New Westminster .
.1. P. Shaw	
N< il P. Mackay 	
Archibald Mcljcmald 	
T. Gilford 	
A. E. Plautn	
.1. Stewart 	
MtUTV Wlifillt	
I Ion. Price F.lllson 	
lion. Thomas Taylor	
lion.   P,    I..    t'nrtcr-Cotton
W, It. liraden 	
1). M. F.berts	
I„ W. Shntloril 	
William Manson 	
William Munler	
linn. W. J. Bowser	
A. H. 11. Mnctlowan 	
Dr. ft. A. McOuIro	
II, II. Watson	
('. E, Tisdall 	
Hon, 11. McHride	
II. II. Thompson 	
II. P. W. Ilehnscn	
Pred Davey 	
Hon. It. Mcllrldo 	
■lames Scholicld	
II. C. Brewster ...
Thomas Kenrns ...
Harry .tones 	
.J. M. Yorston	
.1. A. Buckham ....
.lohn N. Evans ....
I. M. Forrest	
M. A. Mncilntinld
i'. W. Munro 	
.luiin olivet-	
\. Thompson	
lului -lurilinc	
A. 1. Fisher 	
D. Patterson 	
Alex. Mtu'dtinald ..
Percy Purvis 	
II. M, Vasey 	
lohn Keen	
M. Eaglcson	
I. .1. .lohnstotic ..
I>. .1. Thomas  ...
E. A. Crease 	
E. R. Ilchart	
C. Mndmark	
I. W. DeR. Farris 	
nr. ,1. M. English	
T. A. Ilrydon 	
It. Elmhurst 	
Dr. W. T. Kergin	
.1. C. Harris	
Fred Wndc	
.1. II. Senkler	
Genrge Macdonald   ....
Aid. Campbell 	
•lames Staples	
• luiin Oliver »	
It. I,. Dritry	
A. .1. Mnrley 	
W. K. Houston	
Stuart Henderson  	
1. ('artwright ..
lohn W. Pitch .
1. Harrington 	
lului Mclnnls	
(i. Heallierington .
• 1. II. Hawthornthwaite ,
Parker Williams	
I. II. Matheson	
.1. Johnson 	
ft. II. Kcmpstcr	
G. Casey .
C. M. lirnnctt 	
E. T. Kingsley ...
W. Mackenzie 	
M. McGregor 	
P. Garvev 	
It. P. Petllpiecc .
George Oliver 	
A. M. Oliver ,
|-Uf\„ Well it certainly ia a
*"" very remarkable occurence, but nevertheless it'sgoing
to bo done during ihe coming
week ami every pereon in town
can avail themselves of this
generosity by taking ndvnniflge
of the offer net forth lielow—
From Nov. I5th to the 22nd
we will give away
$5.00 WORTH OF
to every purchaser uf a
Moffat Range
At $65.00 to $85.00, and
$3.00 WORTH OF
to every purchaser of a
Moffat Range
From $50.00 to $65.00.
This is a
ami any one looking for a Range
cannot afford to MIB8 IT.
♦ «
♦   w
♦ ♦
♦ Construction uf railways urgently needed in British Culumbia ty w
<*,*> be aided bv grants ol (.'ash or bonds ami by exemptions Irom taxa-'«$
<*> turn fur a   period uf ten vears alter    completion, conditional upou: ♦
♦ (a). Immediate commencement aad diligent prosecution uf tlie wurk +
+ ol construction, (b). The payment, during construction and the w
w period uf exemption from taxation* t<> all mechanics, laborers and 4
<# ot/her pursuns wlio perform labor in construction or on maintenance ♦
♦ or in operation, of such wa^s as are generally accepted as current ♦
♦ for compctc-nt white workmen in the   district in   which the work is +
♦ being performed. +
w                                                  TIMBER. w
♦ ♦
w     Provision for the extension of special timber   licenses to be made +
♦ by the substitution fur tlm present timber   licenses renewable from ♦
♦ year tu year, gianted on the following conditions: (a). That ren- +
«$► t.ils and royalties may be fixed from time to time. (b). That the +
^ licenses shall be held subject to su*"h regulations with regard to the •#
*> manner uf cutting and tlm preservation uf the timber covered by the +
<** licenses as may in: promulgated by the lieutenant-governor in coun- +
♦ ell. (t*). That agricultural lands required fur settlement may he ♦
w withdrawn from ibe operation of timber   licenses    by order of the ♦
♦ lieutenant-governor in council after rcasunable notice bas been given 4
*.* \o ihe licensee to remove the timber within tbe period uf time fix- *w
♦ ed by tbe order, (d). And that fur the cutting and removal of w
w such timber the wages paid shall be such wages as are generallv ac- •#
♦ cepled as current for competent white   workmen    In the district in ♦
♦ which ibe work is performed. w
♦ ♦
FOREST RESERVE.                                   *
♦ ♦
*•> The maintenance uf the pres,nt reserve on the unlicensed timber w
w lands of the province until such time as the Umber is required fur +
w actual use, said timber ;it that ti'iie to be surveyed, and the quan- ♦
atcd, ills
loscd "f b)
■ ■iui
tltlon trom •
u time
111 sn
■,. a reason
being *
It lull
ei a
policy   ,.t
1      Sftl
.  lhe ♦
* Brant
UK trie
to Sl
on reasonable  eumli
ol res
ana *
cultivation, suitablo agricultural
Umls,   the
other 4>
novii lands under conditions which Insure   their use; the malting .>t +
ui'veys and publication ol maps and    reliable    information making ♦
Iblo to the public. '  *
♦ Hi
♦ The t ntnsfcrence nf the power ul Ie
♦ personal property within muntcipallti
♦ ment to the municipalities in order
♦ venues of the existing municipalities.
villi; and e
s from lhe
'lUvtinc Lives upon *
provincial govern- ♦
ilie Inadequate re- ♦
Rlgiti government inspection of .ill places of human abode and the ♦
nforccincnt nf building, health and sanitary regulations so as to in- *
nre, as far as possfblo, the saletv of human life, and to nbolish *
ihe deplorable conditions   now so    prevalent    in the +
♦ dwellings nf a targe number ot undcsiral
♦ The election of all pnliec commissioners and   license commission- +
♦ ers in eilies, towns and rural municipalities by p.-pular vote. ♦
♦ ♦
b. e. walkes, Prelect Paid-up Capital, Sl 0.000,000
A1EXAKDEB LAIRD,G««-.: Man*-::    Reserve Fund,   -     6.000,000
Branches throughout Canada, ar.J in the L'nitcJ States and England
Deposits of $1 and uvv
rates.    Accounts
more pers
aro received and interest nHowed at current
' 1*j c;-jr,..j in tlie names of two or
:nJ withdrawals made by any
cm of then-, or by the survivor. 124
T. Brymner- ilanager Cranbrook Branch
il The Cranbrook Agency Co.
Real  Estate, Insurance,  Employment
Customs  Brokers.
is a Good Company
CAPITAL    -    $2.«i0,000
One trial will prove to you tbat our
P. WOODS & Co., Cranbrook, B.C.
Etc., we still LEAD   others follow.
******************** *************
********************** 1
PHONE NO. 10 P. O. BOX 3
I P. BURNS (Ul CO., Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail
Meat   Merchants
;; We are handling all kinds of Sausage,
Poultry; also Fresh, Salt, and
Smoked Fish.
You can dupend on our meats being fresh and juicy.
********************** ,
~**~*~*~-***-**~*"*-"~"~"~*-**--~-~-~*~-~"~*-*~"i THE CRANBROOK HERALD
■ ON, (h-KOMUMtttd
\p* |tJ-UV(-m<rHt4.<i. Ol,
**At*tr bttM. jUv 0--U- PttV
Ladies' and Children's to he had at
Gentlemen')) can be obtained at
Fink Mercantile Co.'s Store
Does Not
Get Dull
A NEW ONE 11 it does
Ask for Halcyon UTHIA WATER
For family use there is nothing
eo wholesome and so pure as
Contractor and Builder
■ >
II you aro intending to do any
building, you ean luake money
by consulting* with me.
Oeo. R. Leask & Co
Itu'liH from InwI Rnro-
ppnn iiiiil.hiiniti-rrii'AirH
Home irrown fr< it ami
nniHIII-'Hlill 'nth
Garden, FMil ntul Klow-
■ r Hi-uiIh
Wire Vanulnir Hini Q h
B|ir«yiti»1Mii t«*t I u In, lloo
176 PngoGiihilogtie free
;ii)lil \Vi-i!i]iti"ti-r Rim-l
I'lOflidont :  T. S. (liu.
Secretary: Qeohmk Abiiworth
Kor iitformation reffardinj. Iitn.lif (,
', and   agriculture   apply   to the ,
, SeeretBry, Cranhrooit. B. 0. < >
i: Old Curiosity ii
. ',*  JOSEPH H   McLRAN, Proprlelor
Dealer in
All Classes of Secondhand floods
Furniture ot  All  Kinds, both    ' J
New and Second-hand *
Sage's Old Stand, Hanson Avenue
. 41
Tin, l..'ihlin« Fruit Slim'
Phone 76 Armstrong Ave.
Nelson's Leading Hotel
Rooms with tin tits.   'Phone in
every room
Barber Shop on the premiflea.
Thoroughly up-to-date.
Rates, $2.00 a day and up.
GEO. P. VVETXS, Proprietor
B. TOM KIN, Manager
hap movwl life LAUNDRY
timt ti) tlie Saratoga Keatmir-
nut, Van Horna Blroefc, whr-n*
•nitron*- iii't.v leave their limn.
dry, nml when* nil l-ui-iiitw-will
Im*ilntif).    li'Mt liiimiilry in II.''.
Louise and Van Home Streets
Our work ta our advertisement, hut w*
put this ad iu the Herald to
emphasize it.
Near l-ower Armstrong Avenue
Waldo,  B. C.
PAUL ST. JOHN, Proprietor
Boutlioast Kootonuy'd Great
Summer Keuort
.lout the-place to Bpond a few
•lays' vacation
Bar stocked with the best
Dining service lirst-cliiHs
Comfortable Rooms
\\ PHONE90, P.O. Ilox«07 < |
; | The Finest Drivers
; Up-to-date Rigs
1| Oood Saddle Horses
:   WM.    KERR
i , Proprietor    •    CRANBROOK, B.C. ] |
The Expert Crown and
Bridge Worker
Offlceti over Mr. Short's Wnll
Paper Store
' Armstrong Ave.. Cranbrook
But go to the right
place where everything     is     modern.
The Popular Barber Shop
Open on Bundim for Iiutlm und
Sltini'H from In to 1 o'clock a.m.
Men employed for all kinds of ' '
work.   We solicit correspondence
with  mill  operators and other
other Industries.
ADDRESS: P. 0. R0X231
«L«0 DIALER IN REAL E«T«T(     "
Provenzano & Sacco
General Merchants
Employment Agents
CRANBROOK     -     B. C.
P. 0. 0011 104 PN0HE 144
How Gold Dredges Get the Gold
The deep liilU and nigged mountain! ol tlie Klondike region give
rise to numberlest mull tti earn-, which become from time to time
with the melting of the now*—lhe cloudbunb end heavy raim to
which the country ii lubject—raging totrenti.
The grinding of the glacicn and the emion ol these turbulent
ilrcami bring down toclci, und and gravel from the mountain depthi
and fattnetset where man has never yet i>cnelratej.
In a region where ledges of Gold-bearing Quartz are a prominent
feature in the [omnium, it it natural that these forcetof Nature should
tear away quanlilici of exceedingly rich material.
This ptoccii hat been going on for ages. The hidden stores of
Gold away in the hills arc inexhaustible.
Tlic ruih of the torrents is so impctuoui that even boulJurs of
considerable ti/e are borne in their course, and only when Nature
has spent herself do they find a retting place.
The broad creek*--the wider teaches of the river—*;iiiel the
stream, and the Gold, in the form of nttggelt, grains an i flakes,
rapidly tellies. Gold is very heavy - heavier than lhe lock i'sclf, and
once il linds a testing place, sifts down through lhe l:jht lurl.itc mud
and tand unlit, by force of Gravity, il teaches bed lock.
Whcic the courses of dreamt have been changed, lli? r:ch-**t Place:
Mine* are found in their old beds. But in the latget, constant tlrcam-.
these rich deposits ere beyond the reach of merely human a --.•■wtc*.
It remains for the Gold Dredge*-following the heavy nuggets
and pailiclct of Gold down through the overlying tlrata in the bait
and bcncliet of the river, lo recover thete iloret of Gold from lhe
treasure-home of Nature.
The lung arms of the Dredge, with their endleu chain* of bucket
Koopt, search down, down through sixty feet of water, nnd and
gravel, ii need be— until the Gold sediment, and finally bed rock ltielf,
oltcn overlaid with an actual coverlet of pure Gold—the hoarded
accumulation of cenluiies- it reached.
The Gold Dicd»e briti-ji up thii material in wholesale quantities
—■ire ilt it with scientific accuracy to lave lhe fined particles of
value -teparales the Iross—and for the first time lay* bare to the hand
o.   man this Virgin Gold,
While personally present on our properly at Stewart River,
Yukon Territory, Klondike, September Itt, I taw with my own
eyes a clean-up frnm our fits! ana smaller dredge, netting $517.50,
and this wa* preceded only a few dayi hy another clean-up from
tlie same dredge amounting to $1283.86 in Gold. I taw ihi* Gold,
Bathercd from the gold-saving table* of our Dredge, moulded into
bullion—a solid bar of Gold.
With such result* in light, we are bending every effort lo get twenty
of these mammoth Dredge* al work on our property, Thu summer,
our second dredge went on—larger and stronger than tbe first -and is
already at work.
We control by direct leate from the Canadian Government, Ont
Hundred and Five (105) mile* ol Dredgable Gravel on the Stewart
River, eighty mile* from Dawson City, in the Klondike. We have
letted the gravel thoroughly with Drill*, and it bu been proven rich
throughout. A* a matter of facl, the tile of our holding* wa* recognized,
even before the Gold Rush in 1698, to be rich in Gold—it i* a
matter of public record that the Gold ii there—but *o located a* to be
difficult to obtain by any hand method And Fifty dredge* could
not exhaust thii area in a Hundred yean.
With a proposition to rich, the payment of dividend* and the
continued work of development can easily go hand in hand.
To hurry this work of development now, we are matketing Trea*-
uty Stock in out Company.    Three thoutand stockholder!, many of
them well-known in the Canadian country, are already on our book*.
Tlyi necettily for Capital—a Dredge coat* upward* of $100,000
furniihe* your opportunity to participate in a wonderfully rich venture.
"    "   ' d-mindeabt '
Our Company if formed of thc pick ol broad-m
Governor Ojilvie, of the Yukon rertitorv—known and respected by
the whole Canadian country, at id head,   11 it economically managed,
with no salaried official*, no Bonds, and no Preferred Stock,
But the whole ttory it told in our illuMrated Protpectui. The
Coupon will bring il to you. The *upply i* limited. Fill wl and
mail (he Coupon to-day.
Gold Dredges* are making millions*
Yukon BmIa Gold Dredging Co.,   ...
G. W. Clawton, Treat.
649 Somerset Building
PUas* send
»'•?, postageprepaid, your large
illustrated Prospectus,
also free Booklet on Gold
Dredging, with full particulars by return mail.    It is
understood that! incurnoobligation
whatever in making ihis request.
..•••'    Noma ...™.«	
(Continued from page one.)
This was voted down by thc follow-
ne division:
VI-: AS:
Messieurs King, Jones, Oliver,
Munro, Mall, Yorston, Macdonald,
jardine, Eagleson, Kergiu, llender-
,mi and Brewster.
Messieurs Williams, Ellison,
Young, 1 lay ward, HawthomMiwaile.
Boss, Taylor, McGuirc, Aid Mils,
Sliatford, Garden, Mackay, Tatlow,
MrlMiillips, Giitords, Parson, McHride, Thomson, (Irani, Davey, Bowser, Hunter, Belinsen, Schofleld, dot-
Um, Fulton, Manson.
Whilst tho MeBride government
had persistently declined to come to
.lie assistance of thu lumbermen and
ivc them security of title, upon
which Ihey could secure the financial assistance necessary to the.
continuance of their operations and
rail voted down every motion of the
Liberals to secure this end, even i
ng to the extent of approaching a
royal commission at great expense to
Inquire into the subject, which commission had as yet made no report.
With a general election in sight,
Premier MeBride had completely
changed his policy in this regard and
now was prepared to accept thc Liberal policy
and agree to give today what
lie and all his followers had voted
down in I Win. The tines tion up to
Hie electors was, could thev relv upon all of Ale-Bride's followers being
irepared to stultify themselves to
Hie same extent?
Turninf next to the administration
uf public lands, Mr. Oliver told of
tlie efforts put forward by the Liberals in the legislature to secure the
proper survey of public lands, to
have the information thus obtained
made readily accessible to the public. Whilst' they had succeeded to
some extent in forcing the government's hand in the matter of surveys they bad not as yet been able
to secure tbe publication of the
necessary information to enable
■settlers to make wise and inexpensive
thoico of lands for settlement. Whilst
this was the case as affect inn bona
fide settlers, it was only too true
that information had been matte
accessible to speculators aud much of
the best land in the province had
;nt into the hands of speculators instead of into the possession of bona
fyks settlors, The attorney-genera)
bad declared, when taken to task on
this score, that they must "Give the
tlie speculators a chance." For his
part, and speakinc for tlw Lilieral
imrty, be held that it was the liona
(hie settlers that should he given a
chance and the Liberal policy in this
respect was:
"The land for the men who will
use it."
It would he the Liberal policv L
make accessible to all bo»a fide
settlers every bit of information oli-
l at liable conc-erninn the public lands
"d fo grant FRRE homesteads to
■ill bona fide applicants, with reasonable terms of settlement.
Mr. Oliver Ihen went Into n number of matters that had arisen, in
late sessions of ithe legislature,
i|iioling votes of the house, which
showed just where the MeBride government had stood on these wies-
tlons. He referred to McBride's
t-allwnv policy in 11)03, to the two
per cent tax on mineral outputs, tu
the reservation of coal areas, etc.,
etc He also referred to McBride's
betrayal of lhe men who had enabled him lo defeat the Dunsmuir
governmonl and tptoted in this connection lhe remark of a prominent
Conservative, "Judas Iseariot, who
betrayed Christ, had eraee enough to
to aud bane himself." This proved
a very effective hit and elicited
rounds of applause.
Mr. Oliver next took un mtestions
affecting municipalities and showed
bow the Liberals in opposition ba*'
endeavored to secure relief. but
without effect, He quoted this
plank in the Liberal platform, whieh
when raised in the legislature had
lieen consistently voted down by the
"The transference of the power of
lovvintt nnd collecting taxes upon
personal property within municipalities from the provincial government
to the municipalities in order to atia--
nient the inndr-nttnte revenues of the
existiii" munteinnlltles."
The Liberal lender then dealt with
some few points affectum the MeBride railwav policy, pointing ont
Mini I here was no provision in the
Kettle Valley railway agreement for
'be payment of white men's wapes.
He also discussed lhe Government's
contract    with the G.T.I1., pointing
out that there was no truth in Bowser's statement that there was a
clause therein providing for the exclusion of Asiatic labor. In making
this claim Bowser was not speaking
the truth and public men who attempted to deceive the electorate
could not lie trusted. This body
blow, elicited a perfect storm of applause.
A short history of Bowser's record
m the Asuatlc question followed,
which proved very acceptable to the
audience. Bowser's -deliberate misstatement regarding the alleged
agreement between Liberals and the
G.T.P. for the importation of 50,000
Japanese to work on construction
was thoroughly exposed ns was his
(Bowser's)   connection   with Gotoh,
'e .Japanese labor contractor, for
whom Bowser's firm had acted as
solicitor in preparing cotracts for
the importation of Japanese labor to
work on the C.P.U. and in the Wellington collieries.
Concluding a most vigorous and
effective speech Mr. Oliver declared
that he was making no partisan ap-
ical. The interests ot British Columbia were superior to those of
any party. He referred to the resignations of Ministers Tatlow and
Fulton, and asked what they signi-
U'd. He appealed to the electors
not to allow the sacrifices made by
these ministers to have been made
■u vain. These men had given up
emoluments or office and long party
relationships to protect the interests
of this province.     If with their in-
Ide knowledge of what MeBride was
attempting to foist upon the province, they considered it necessary to
resign, must not the electorate ire
influenced hy their sacrifice, could
thev afford to support a policv which
these men, fully conversant with all
the details, condemn in so emphatic
i manner?
•|uent peroration, in which he em-
quent peroration, in which he iem-
phasized the necessity of the utmost
•are being taken in every branch of
legislation. Thc applause that
"•reefed his closing remarks told how
effective his criticisms of the MeBride
aovernment and his outline of the
'liberal policy had been.
(From our own correspondent)
Mr. L. Penwick, of Galloway,
spent Thursday last with friends in
Mr. It. II. Bohart was doing business in Cranbrook last Saturday.
Mr. Geo. W. Powell, of Cranbrook,
was in town last Saturday and placed two more gasoline lamps In tbe
Crows Nest Pass Lumber company's
big store here.
Mr. It. IL Bohart drove up to Bull
Itiver Falls one day recently.
Mr. and Mrs. Otto Wisner and Miss
Ilavill left a few days ago for
Itock Creek, where they will spend
the winter. Mr. Wisner is superintending the building of a now saw
mill there. We hope to have them
with us again in the sprin?.
Mr. O. W. Donahoc spent Monday
lust with Cranbrook friends.
Mr. C. II. O, Adney was in Cranbrook this week on business.
Mr. and Mrs. H. 0. Baker, of 47
lamieson avenue, Toronto, Ont.,
spent Monday last in town, the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. T. Gaffney.
Miss Green arrived a few days ago
from Manitoba and is visiting for a
time at the home of her brother, Mr.
It. A. Green, at the C.P.U. depot.
On Monday last thc long side of
the big saw mill here cut 8f),fi00
feet of lumber, from 617 logs.
(18,000 feet of this was timber, the
rest was yard stock. If you can
beat that get busy. This side aver-
smed 715,000 feet per dav for the past
eight days, 8 per cent of this being
timber, the logs averaging 14 to thc
On Sunday evening last Uev. Mr.
Snowden preached a most touching
sernv-i from John 3:3. Bringing
before bis hearers a picture of
Nicodemus coming to his Master In
all earnestness and sincerity seeking
a new life. Ho compared Nlcodemus
with lbe people of the present day
who, as a class, attend church mere
ly because it is a habit—because
church-going is popular and because
it helps pass away, what to them
might seem but long and dull hours
of the Sabbath.
Dr. F. W. Green was in town last
Monday morning.
The gang of men who were here
last week building sidewalks, returned to town on Tuesday last to
resume work, a petition having been
sent into Mr. MeBride to have the
present new walk extended to the
local depot. We are truly grateful
to Mr. MeBride for this favor as
well as to those who were instrumental in getting up the petition, lt
iiays to take an interest in the
little town. Keep on boosting Wardner.
Mr. A. Norris is employed as cook
at the government bridge company's
new cook house.
A baby boy was born on Monday
morning last at the home of Mr, and
Mrs. Wood.
Mr. and Mrs. P. Lund arrived home
on Monday afternoon after
spending some time touring In the
Southern States. They also visited
Mr. Lund's mother in Spokane,
The KeHey, and Swift company
played "The Bemittance Man," to
a very good house on Saturday night
in the opera house. 'On Monday
night they presented in a very
pleasing 'manner "The Convict's
Daughter." This met with an
equal amount of success. Special
mention might be made ot the
way in which Jerry, the tramp,
James Blackburn and Jack Worth-
ington took their parts.
Thc following are the men who are
interested and visited the Bull Uiver
Electric Light and Power company's
plant last week: Mr. Chapman, St.
Paul, Minn.; Mr. Kesner, Madison,
Wis.; Mr. Uochner, Madison, Wis.;
Mr. Burnie, Farschild, Wis.; Mr.
Andrews, Alma Center, Wis.; Mr.
Sengueson, Madison, Wis.; Mr. Duke,
Madison, Wis.
Editor the Herald:
Sir: This statement trom
Collier's Weekly       of      which
cember 26, 1008, will -be of interest
to every one of the readers of your
valuable paper Just now:
The largest "dry" town in Illinois
is Decatur. Prohibition went Unto
efiect there last first of May. Here
is a comparative record of arrests in
Decatur under "dry" and "wet"
1908.   1007.
First month (May)  14     69
Second month (June)     22     95
Third month (July)  33      81
Fourth month (August) ...29 !tl
Fifth    month   (September).. .21     69
Sixth   month   (October)  48     111
Seventh month   (November)..37     70
Policemen and jails absorb taxes
more than most other causes; these
figures have some bearing on the saloon argument that Prohibition
means higher taxes. Wo should like
to hear of a community where the
saloon licenses, even at $1,000 each,
for that portion of the police,
the jails, courts, almshouses and Insane asvjums which is devoted to the
drunkards whom the salooms produce.
What the voter wants are the real
facts on this question. Let those
who discuss this Important issue,
avoid personalities and hard names.
Those who are personally interested
in the liquor trffie because of its financial gains, or because of its losses
to the person. Ibe fainlk. the home,
and the community will feel strongly j
but let us all speak and act soberly
just now.
Phi fan r lus.
As I have sold the Herald I must
insist on tlte payment ol all accounts due me (or advertising and
job work. I have to pav my accounts and thc money that is owinn
mc is. needed (or that purpose. All
subscriptions due are payable to the
new management. Either mvseK or
a representative can be lound at thc
Herald office.
F. E. Simpson.
FOR SALE—Five-roomed house
on Raker Hill In Rood condition;
plastered; water laid on; woodshed,
otc. For particulars apply O.
Lloyd, Royal hotel. IS-tl
East Kootenay Bottling Co.
Manufacturers of all kinds of
Carbonated Beverages.
There are others, but!!
I'llONE 7;i p. 0. BOX S01
'  To my Customers:
! Get your supplies for Sunday before dosing
', > time Saturdays.   Don't be misled by the deliberate
; LIE publisned in the Searchlight, you Cannot drink
;; at the Cosmopolitan Bar on Sunday.
i! E. H. SMALL
I If you stop here once
you will look for
the 'bus when you
visit Calgary again.
i Canadian Hotel
fit One of the pioneer hotels of Cran- jg
M brook.   Warm rooms, good meals U
S3 and a bar stocked with the best £[
* I
1 Joseph Brault, Proprietors
, •
ii The East Kootenay Investment Co.
! I  P. 0. Box 46.     CRANBROOK B. C. Phone 139.
If you wish to dispose of your
property, list it with us.
|;    If you wish to purchase property
call on us.
We do the Real Estate Business
of the district.
,    New Management Improved in Evory Way
Cranbrook,  B. C.
jack Mcdonald and oust, andeen, i-koi'iiiktoiin
Our Motto : " Tlie Boat ia None Too Hood."
Manitoba Hotel
Headquarters for
The Manitoba is centrally located and has one of tlie beat dlningroomu
in the city.  Tlte bar is supplied with the best of Liquor* and Cigars


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