BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Cranbrook Herald Nov 17, 1909

Item Metadata


JSON: cranherald-1.0069196.json
JSON-LD: cranherald-1.0069196-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): cranherald-1.0069196-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: cranherald-1.0069196-rdf.json
Turtle: cranherald-1.0069196-turtle.txt
N-Triples: cranherald-1.0069196-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: cranherald-1.0069196-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

XO. 37
J, W. Fitch, the Sucialist candidate in the Craubrook riding, made
his fust appearance iu this eity, in
lhat capacity, last evening, addressing a small audience iu the Carmen's hall.
The mooting was presided over by
W. .las. Flowers. Wilfrid dribble,
of Toronto, bad been lnll.nl a.s lhe
star attraction, hut he hnd heen call
eil to Nelson hurriedly and so did
not put in au appearance, his place
being taken by Comrade Harrington,
of Kernie, who is the Socialist caudi
date in tlie l-Yinie riding.
Mr. Harrington spoke Hrst. lie is
a lluent speaker and dealt quite
volubly with the principles of Social
Ism, discussing this subject ulong
stereotyped lines, only occasional I j
touching upon nny topics of Immediate and local intcri'il. In regard lu
Ihe Mclliide railway policy, lie said
that if elected, lie would endeavor to
have a clause inserted iu any rnilwnv
contracts agreed to that ties should
be laid just thirty inches apart, so
as to make the walking easier. Ou
one other point affecting lucal politics, bad Comrade Harrington *
word or two to say. He referred to
Attorney-Oeueral Bowser's attempt
to amend the elections act by striking ofi the names uf all persons absent from their respective constituencies for a period of one mouth. This,
Mr. Harrington described, ns a most
infamous attempt to disfranchise the
working man, which was happilj
fraustrated by the combined efforts
of Socialists and Liberals.
.1. W. Fitch spoke next. Mr.
Fitch has not the customary gllbncss
of the Socialist orator. lie appears to be a very earnest man,
thoroughly imbued with the principles of Socialism, which theory of
government, he said he had held to
for the past fifteen years, having formerly been a Liberal. He put his
plea for support quite shortly before
lus audience. Mis proposition was
that there were only two classes, the
capitalists, who control nil the
means of production, and thc workers. The former class nuw control
the legislature, the judiciary and the
means of enforcing law and order, If
the workers were to improve conditions for themselves, they must capture the legislature and pass laws to
suit themselves. Representatives cf
the other parties say that tbey will
reprsent. all classes, the Socialist
makes no such claim. He is first,
last and all the time for only one
class, thc workers.
With an appeal to those present to
support him on thc 25th and a
promise to sneak at greater length nt
some later date, Mr. Fitch took his
seat, It was impossible to judge
whether or not Mr. Fitch had made a
hit as immediately he concluded his
remarks the audience rose and dispersed.
But, belore, or rather whilst the
audience was dispersing, a man in
the hall asked to be allowed to put
a attest ion to Mr. Fitch.
The quest ion was: What are yuur
views on local option?
Mr. Fitch said local notion
was   not a     feature of the Socialist
platform and his private views on
the subject were not a matter of interest to anyone present.
Further questioned on this point,
Mr. Filch intimated that if cleotod
and il the local option plebiscite
carried nud if the government ol tho
dav brought down a measure of local
option lie would endeavor to see
Unit it was properly framed and that
compensation was provided for thosi
engaged  iu   lhe liipiui   liusiiiess.
The approach of winter finds a
good deal of substantial huilding
slill under way. Structures arc In
course of erection that will add materially to the appearance of ithe
cily. Among the large Imildiags
now under way are the Imperial
hunk, lhc Masonic tomplo, the school
house, the Arena skating rink and
the new power house.
These buildings represent an expenditure in the neighborhood of $150,-
tllll). The Imperial bank huilding,
for which (leorge It. Leask is the
contractor, has heen delayed of late,
owing to lack ol sandstone, which is
heing shipped in from Calgary.
Work is under way on the Arena
rink, a large frame huilding, to he
covered with corrugated iron, which
will cost about $D,000;
The new school house is ticariiig
completion. Frank Russell, the contractor, expects to have it completed by December 1st.
M. Quain Intimates tbat the now
power house, now under construction
for thc Cranhrook Klectric Light
•oinpany, for which A. Waller and
A. II. Nesbitt have thc contract, will
he completed hy the middle ol February next. The building will cost
between $-1(1,000 and $50,000 and
wiil be of brick, with concrete foundations and iron roof. The dimensions are approximately 53xfll feet.
The machinery to bo installed includes three 150 h.p. boilers, one
large engine of 350 h.p., built hy the
Goldie & MeCullniigh company and
une 200 k.w. generator, built by the
Allis - Chalmers - Bullock company,
Limited. This new plant is all additional to the company's present
plant nnd by the 15th February, when
thc building is completed and the
plant installed and ready for operation, the company will he in a posilion lo give an all dav service, supplying motors, etc., for the convenience of any Industrial concerns requiring the same.
The new Masonic temple, hack of
thc Canadian hotel, for which Ban
Johnson has tne contract, will cost
upwards of $10,000.
The foregoing briefly covers the
principal building operations now
under way, but docs not include thi
manv new houses ami additions !■■
residences now in course of erection
nor the extensive improvements under way io the store of Campbell $■'
Manning. 11 is evident from what
has heen recorded above that Cranhrook is steadily growing nnd Hint
substantial additions are heing made
lo its public and semi-public buildings.
Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper s Views
In a Letter to The Herald He Gives His Reasons for Opposing
the McBride Railway Policy
The Herald publishes below a letter
from Sir Charles Hiliht'it Tupper, J
.■Iting forth his views uu the Mr-1
ride railway policy. This letter
was received in reply lo a request'
Irum the editor ul the Herald, that j
he favor the readers ot this paper
with a definite statement of his
views on the question, over his own
signature. Thc Herald recognizes
the high place wliich Sir Hibbert
occupies in the confidence and esteem
of the Conservatives throughout the
province, and at a crisis in the affairs ol the province, sucb as confronts us in the present campaign, it
felt that it was only fair lo its readers to secure an expression of opinion Irotn a man, whose loyalty to
lhe hest traditions of Conservatism
could not be questioned, a man who
has occupied important ministerial
position umlcr a Conservative government, a man, whose past relations
and whole record stamp him as a
trustworthy guide to men of his own
arty in the present critical situation. Sir Hibbert's views will be
of interest to men of all shades of
politics, but they will carry special
weight with members ol his own
party, who have every reason to respect his opinion on all subjects affecting the well being of the country.
Sir Charles Hibbert Tuppcr's lettci
reads as follows:
Editor The Herald:
Dear Sir: In reply to your letter,
my reason for opposing the return of
the McBride administration to power
is based upon the contract with the
Canadian Northern with respect to a
third transcontinental railway.
I am unable to appreciate any reasons for this extraordinary proposition on which the electorate arc asked to give a hurried opinion.
It was the wise and well considered
Hilicy ol the McBride administration
that no aid hy guarantee or subvention to any of the transcontinental
lines pushing tbeir way to the coast
was necessary at the hands of the
provincial legislature; nor was the
province in a position to involve itself in such obligations.
Mr. McBride's policy for better
terms was supported enthusiastically
hy the Conservatives and many Liberals in this province. He was encouraged bv our leader, Mr. Borden.
Amonu otlier things In order to induce Mr. Borden to favorablv consider this policy, it was represented
lhat owing to our being a mountainous country of vast extent, the cost
of government bore no comparison j
with eastern provinces, and Uiat ours
was burdened bv a relatively heavy
debt, it was also represented that
wc were ihe most heavily taxed
lovinco in the Dominion and had to
resort to sources of revenue not
known elsewhere iu Canada. Vie
iiad, therefore, a real property tax
of one per cent, a wild land tax of
live per cent, a personal property tax
of one per cent, based on actual cash
value as the property would he appraised in payment of a just debt
from a solvent debtor. Wc had au
income tux ranging from one ami a
half to three and a half per cent, a
poll tax uf $3.00 and a mineral tax
of twu per cent on the value of the
ores mined.
lt was also said that onr mountains were a daily reminder that
they occasion not only high provincial and municipal expenditure, but
high eust of living, of labor and of
transportation and development.
Mark these words: "Her mountains
render all transportation difficult and
expensive ami all competitive rail wny
rates impossible."
Air. Borden was imlucqd to formally
record   his   opinion that thc excep-,
tlonal conditions peculiar to the phy-1
steal character of our province   and,
their permanent nature were such as
to   demand   .immediate inquiry   and
amelioration to the end that any injustice clearly established might   he
immediately    removed-.     Our representative at Ottawa, Mr. Cowan,   in
an able presentation of our case, exclaimed:    "We, of this province, arc
the highest taxed people on the continent of America."
Mr. McBride's attorney-general in
a speech explaining the position uf
the government with regard tn railways said in the house last -lanuary:
"We must remember, of course,
"that this is a new country. It
"requires a great deal nf money to
"develop it, cither by wav of snr-
"veys or putting in roads and trails
"for the trnnsport of the settler
"and his effects, and perhaps in the
"past there has not heen the Informa-
"tlon in the hands of the department
"that there should hay; heen. The
"honorable gentlemen opposite know
"that, of course, up to the year ot
"1.(03, nnd for a short time after wo
"came in power, it was necessary to
"retrench in connection with the expenditure of our public moneys.
"But since that time the government
"has heen must liberal in making the
"necessary surveys in order Uuu ihe
"public 'might "know exactly what
"lands were open to settlement and
"fur pre-emption."
And again:
"Reference has also heen made by
"the Hon. the leader of tlie opposition to llie tact that wo should
"have contributed to tho Alaska-
" Yukon exhibition at Seal tie. No
"doubt it would he a good opportunity to advertise this province and
"shew the visitors to that great exposition the natural resources of
"our great province. But, at the
"same time, it strikes mc, Mr. Spcak-
"cr, that this is a national matter
"and should be dealt with rather hy
"tlie Federal government at oitawa
"than by the provincial legislature
"of this province. If uur govem-
1'incut undertook to do tliis work
"and do il properly in order that
"this province might he placed on a
"proper basis in competing wilh
"other states in the union to tho
"south, It would require at least a
"quarter ul a million dollars. And
"with the vast country which wc
"have now opening uu in tlie nurlh,
"wliich requires roads, trails,
"bridges, courthouses and schools lo
"be built, it would seem to me uul
"wide of the mark to say we have
"acted properly in this matter, when
"we decided to use the money for
"the purposes of the development uf
"the province rather lhan this
"position in our neighboring citv of
Coming to thc railway policy,
"Surely the honorable gentleman
"must have known that the policy of
"this government since it came into
"power in 1003 was of such a sound
"and businesslike nature, that there
"was no necessity of delving into the
"treasury in order lo aid in railway
"development. The capitalists who
"are behind great railway enterprises always look on countries
"that have stable governments, and
"knowing that such a country is be-
"Ing properly developed, particularly
"in a new country, having the resources that we have, that immi-
"gration is bound to follow; and
"where the population comes there
"is bound to be money invested in
"the development of the eountrv, a--1
"therefore in that eountrv the railways will always follow the tide of
(Continued on page six.)
' On Monday evening a public mect-
' ing was held at Moyie, nominally in
the interests of the candidate of
Tom Caven, but actually, as the outcome clearly demonstrated, very
much in the interests of Liberal candidate M. A. Macdonald, who' was
present, and in the short hall hour
llowcd him, made a deep Impression
■a the audience.
Thc order of speaking at thc meeting was T. Caven, ten minutes; M.
A. Macdonald, 30 minutes; .lames
Lemon, 30 minutes; and W. A. Macdonald, for Caven, one hour.
T. Caven, In tbe course of his remarks, eulogized the McBride railway policy, claiming that it would
result ni the opening uf much new
territory, although ho did not explain where, lie made a special appeal for support on the ground of his
being a union man.
M. A. Maedonald followed, staling
that he was pleased to avail himsell
of this, lhc lust, opportunity of appearing al a meeting called hy his
Opponents. li was the fust invitation tu attend one of their meetings
lie had received aud he had put off
other engagements in order to he
present, lie pointed unt lhat at his
recent meeting in Moyie he had full)
discussed the railway policy and upon this occasion he would devote
his attention to other mailers.
should the gentleman, who was to
lollow him iu the interests uf Mr.
Caven, raise points ihat had to bo
answered, he would, at lhe earliest
possible moment, hold another meeting in Moyie. He, however, challenged Mr. Caven for his spokesman,
Mr. W. A. Macdonald, to refute any
of the statements he had made on
tin; McBride railway policy in his
Cranhrook speech, a speech which
had been published in lull. He then
proceeded to put the following qtics
Mr.  W.   A.   Macdonald    am:
Turning next to the question of the
alienation of public lauds, Mr. M. A.
Macdonald made a decided hit. He
told of the difficulties placed in tho
way -if bona tide settlers and the
case with which speculators and
Iriends of the government had been
aide to grah vacant public lands. He
dealt with lhc land policv of the
Liberal party, "the land for the
settler." Turning next to the McBride government's policy of centralization, he told ol the manner in
which public revenues were handled
and disbursed for political purposes
and heartily endurscd the Liberal
plank which calls for better terms for
the municipalities, Mr. M. A. Macdonald then took up Bowser's white
British Columbia cry and showed
how that gentleman and bis supporters in the legislature, shouted
'.'White" and voted "yellow," citing
instance after instance, from the records of the legislature in proo! ot
this contention and showed clearly
it citation from the statutes that
the alleged agreement between the
the government and the G.T.P. in the
matter ol the employment of Asiatic labor was either a fake or of no
binding effect and utterly worthless
as it hail not been confirmed hy tlie
legislature, although there had since
been a .sessmn of the legislature.
Tbe audience manifested their appreciation ol ihis point m the most
emphatU manner.
After some further reference to
Bowser's fight with Ottawa. Mr, M.
A, Maedonald concluded a most effective half It..ur speech by asking
if in the matter oi a railwav policy
thev    would   be guided   bv Tatlow,
Kulton    and    Tupper or    bv    McUride
and  Bowser.
James Lemon, the Socialist speaker in the* interests of .1. A. Fitch,
devoted the iust half ol his time bo
an exposition of ibe principle of
Socialism. He then turned his attention   to   Tom   Caven and scouted
asked him to discuss them when   it Ibis pretentions to union supporter!
came to his turn to speak; * Lemon claimed that   Caven could be
(a). Whv was it necessary to extend aid at all to the C.N.R.. as
the construction of the road to the
coast must of necessity take place?
(h), Was not the guaraht-c,
to $15,0011,1)00, not only unnecessary, hut out of alt proportion to the
benefits to be received''
(c). Challenged ff. A. Macdonald.
as a lawyer, to explain how thc
province could get a first mortgage
on the line in view of the fact that
McKenzie and Mann would have to
raise additional capital and show
security and also that the bondholders would be the first mortgagees.
(d). Asked W. A. Macdonald to
contradict, if lie could, his statement
that McBride was not following the
policy of Alberta and Manitoba in
subsidizing the C.N.R. and that Alherta refused to guarantee the bonds
.of thc main line and. nntwithstar.d-
iing, construction still went on.
j M, A. Macdonald thr-n touched u*>
the   resignations    of   Ministers
no friend to labor and a supporter
of the conservative party at the
same time. He could not serve two
masters. Lemon claimed that the record of the Conservative party was
too well known to the electors of
Moyie for them to be deceivwl.
Ca\cn. Lemon claimed, was simply a
'decoy duck" put up to catch "the
votes of workincmen, but he would
lind out on the 35th thev were
not to be misled. Mr, Lemon then
proceeded to administer a severe
castigation to A. S. Goodeve, M.P.,
referring in the most scathing language to his attitude in Rossland when
aliens were imported to take the
place ol strikers. Goodeve, he
said, aided and abetted this work,
and this clearly showed where the
'onservatives were to be found whea
the interests of labor were at stake.
When Mr. Lemon concluded his remark-;, the chairman called upon him
to withdraw his remarks concerning
Mr. Goodeve; this he refused to do
Tatlow and Fulton and referred to a i aml at the cI°se of the meeting he
letter of J.A.B. McDonald's in the | arain rose ard statwi that "Goodeve
Movie Leader, advisinz that gentle-1aidwl and abetted the men who
man to get at the facts before rush- brought in the aliens."
ing into print. (Continued on paee six.)
♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦» •
TWO   WHOLE  WEEKS  Demonstration, Commencing  TO-DAY   November   17th.       Representatives of all shades of
Politics, assembled for the purpose of forgetting Politics; while we present to them FACTS AND FIGURES
concerning A GREAT SALE of Merchandise such as Cranbrook has never witnessed before.
Look in our window liiin week, thero yon will
BOO till! Illlll'll talked of
:I00 nt these uro iii be given uwny FREE after
Doc. Ut. oil two conditions:
1st. -Only women nro entitled to these pictures*
Married or Single.
L'nil Sho must lipid ono of our cash register
tickets issued between Nov. 17 and December 1st.
Thosi. tickets will cost you nothing, only n call ul our
storo; ynu nro not called on In mnko n purchase to
obtain n ticket, they are FREE for tin- asking and
will entitle you to ono of these beautiful piotnros,
framed us soon in the window, when presented at our
storo any timo uftor December 1st.
Read Conditions Carefully
Bed Spring Hattress
Dresser and Stand
i feet wide only
FACT 1. We have more heavy winter wearing apparel than
we can hope to dispose of under ordinary business conditions this
season. At the very opening of the season, we have decided to put
the price down, so as to insure the removal of all heavy goods
while there is a demand.
FACT 2* Our Furniture Department is filled and crowded to
overflowing; with two large cars to unload by December 5th. Room
must be had, and can only be obtained by disposing of goods now
in our store. Our prices—as usual—will be the moving force, of
which you will be convinced by just taking a little time to go into the
wonderful reductions in regular prices shown on this sheet.
Gum Rubbers for the Bush
Our stock in this lino is complete; and despite the fact thnt Rubber goods hove advanced
this season over twenty per cent, we are selling at the same prices as last year. We remain
the Lumber Jacks Best Friend, und will not advance tho prices on rubbers us many are now-
doing, simply because the market has advanced since goods were placed in stock. We expect
to sell our present stock iu the next two weeks. (let in early and stock up for tlie winter,
while the price is 20 per cent lower thau you will be able to buy Rubbers again this winter.
Morris Chairs
We hnve a number with tbe covers faded,
not saleable as new goods, Selling at $5.00
c. c. s.
Common Chairs
39 cents
(i only to one customer
c. c. s.
Sale started Wednesday Nov. 17
Bed Sheets
Full size.   Regular price $1.10 each;  now
$1.1)0  a pair
Cotton lias advanced twenty per cent in thc last 30
days, wliich  makes tliis   the   greatest bargain  in
sheets ever ottered in Cranbrook. $1.00 u pair
Bed Spreads
Regular price $1.75 - - Now $1.18
Regular price $2.25 • - Now $1,60
Hy tlie yard, .10 inches wide
Regular price 12 oents      - •      Now 8 cents
Sume ns above, full yard wide—good solid cloth
Regular price 15 cents - Now 9J cents
Ladies' Hose]
Regular price 50c.       Pure Cashmere      Now :)2c.
Ladies' Hose
Regular price 10c.    -     Cashmere     -     Xow 2lic.
Children's School Oloves
19c. and 2i)c. per pair.
All kinds of leather upholstered chairs nnd couches,
along with Desks, Dressers,  Bals, Springs, .Mattresses. All will have tlie special Price, which none
can afford to miss.
Wool Carpet
Regular pricu 00 cents,    yard wide     Now IS2 cents
Cranbrook Cooperative Stores, Cranbrook, B.C.
********************************************************** THE   CKANBIIOOK   HJSUALD
_jGLaMtt^Nj^IR-C U M 5 T AN T IA L
tCopirUlit. IIKKt. l.y Mi' Sow York llrinW Co. All   Itliilits RowrVC.
ELANCEY NICOLL. formerly District
| Attorney of New York county, says—
''I see no danger in circumstantial evidence that Ik not fully provided for tn law.
There have been very few cases in which innocent persons have been convicted on circumstantial evidence; nnd very few in which innocent pei'fiOUB b:ive been convicted on direct
"Circumstantial evidence is good evidence.
Direct evidence, of course, admits of perjury.
Circumstances very seldom He. There is no
rule to be laid down as to whether circumstantial evidence or direct evidence is better. It depends entirely upou the case. Whichever may
be chiefly relied upon, the fact stands that the
accused has every chance, No Jury will convict unless guilt is proved beyond a reasonable doubt."
Martin bad lived ns Painter's wife. Mrs, L. Norse
(lie womun wlio liml iu-cn awakened nntl Imd seen
Painter come from his kitchen, toltl ber story In full.
Iiidii'iiliug Immediately tbnt sbe wnuld be the most Important witness for the prosecution, She described
the series of events In detail. The slgnltlcnnce of ber
statements Iny In the fact thnt sbe placed only a
few minutes between lu-r awakening, her going to tbe
door. Painter's itppearutice nnd bis reappearance, Tbu
mnn wns charged witb the murder nnd committed to
stand trial.
The Investigator who wns unsigned to the collection of the case against Painter was Lieutenant
son, mi efficient, ambitions member of the police
force. It wns Ills Hist big cn.se, tils opportunity to
mnke u record where all might tnko note of hlm, for
the public wus Interested nnd columns were devoted
to the matter, Ho applied to bis work nil bis power
of observation and bis faculty of finding and developing
valuable points througb the aid of obscure persons
He spent weeks about the (liven -street bouse, making
friends, gaining the confidence of this mini nnd thnt
"T" UK grimy house In Oreen street, Chicago,
I slouching to |ireiiin*iire decay, bowed by
1 faulty construction nud III usage, held the
| trace of many n sordid secret behind Us three
storied, weather beaten facade. Along Its
sagging stairs nnd muddy hallways passed strange
faces of the world that wakes to life will, the travesty of a smile In the glitter of the streets at night.
Side by side. In lis narrow rooms, huddled simple
poverty and the lying semblance of wealth: yet It
was imt crowded. In the sense of u tenement. The
sun seldom llllered through Its windows, save where
a shutter bung awry. Hopeless, cheerless, lt knew
Its unrewarded virtues and Its unrelaiked vices, ils
rare moments of biughtur and Its frequent flushes of
Sharp words, blows, oaths, echoes of quarrels,
floated through Its passages at Intervals. There was
none to remark or to Inquire. Its tenants were not
too curious concerning either Us periods of turmoil
or of silence,
A woman awoke from sleep nt some time approaching midnight lu tbe middle of May. 1801, on the third
floor of the Green street house, filled with n terror
Mint caught ber ttt her throat like poisonous fumes
and left her trembling and choking where Bhe lay.
From below, on the second flonr, came a subdued,
sinister sound. She had slept through mnny an uproar, or, waking, had given it never a thought. But
there wns something In the hammering nnd scuffling
beneath that struck primitive, unreasoning fear Into
How long she Iny there listening she could not hnve
known exactly, although she afterward was rendy
enough to cling to nn estimate, nut some time later
the noise censed, and when sbe had summoned thc
courage she tiptoed to ber door nml opened tt.
The bull was lighted from n flaring gas Jet. Her
door commanded a view of the stnirs to the floor below nnd part of the hull of thnt floor. She saw no
one. heard nothing further for some time. In the
dead nnd middle of the night, while her frightened
breathing alone broke the quiet nnd the gas flame
flickered, the minutes passed again unnoted.
Suddenly n door In the lower hall within her field
of vision was Hung wide and n man stepped out.
She recognized hlm Instantly. It was Oeorge Painter,
n shiftless worker nt odd Jobs, wbo lived with a
woman known ns his wife In three rooms to which
this door pave access.   His face showed drawn nnd
passed uimn It again was necessary to obtain a reprieve from Governor Altgeld. He granted it, aud
a fourth dute, January 2)1. was named.
One of the Inst attempts of Painter to clear himself of the crime lu the eyes of men was made white
he was confronted with Inevitable death, lt was u
statement of his view of the case, written ln his cell
nnd given to Clerk Rice for publication after bis execution. In this lie culled "Almighty God to witness
that he spoke the truth," nnd began with tbe words,
"I nm Innocent" This declaration, composed In admirable style and alive with poignant feeling, contained his story of his life. Summarized, lt ran nfter
this fashion:—
George H. Painter was liom In Brooklyn tn 1-S5S.
his father being a Methodist minister. He learned
the trade of machinist In South Norwnlk, Conn., and
Inter he conducted a drug store In Brooklyn, which
he sold. He moved to Chicago and for n time owned
n laundry In Hnlsted street. His wife enme with
hlm, nnd, "nfter eleven years of happy married life,"
contracted consumption nnd died.
He met Alice Martin, who eami to Chlengo from
Minneapolis, and she became his common law wife
They had lived together for n year nnd a hnlf up to
the time of the murder. He loved Alice Mnrtln nnd
their relations were of the pleasantest nature until
lie discovered that she was not faithful to litm. Then
he became despondent and took to drink. At times
tbey patched tbeir difficulties nud then a breach
would come ngnln. He never threatened her with
denth. nlthomrh be strnck her once following the
discovery of her Infidel!tv. Sbe continued to betray
bis trust nnd he continued to drink.
On thc night of tlie murder he was In tbe West
Madison street saloon. He enme home and discovered the bodv of the woman, as related bv the defence nt tbe trial. The case ngninst him wns partly
unfortunate circumstance and partly the product of
clever manufacture. He accused the witnesses who
had testified to hnvlng heard him threaten the woman
with denth nnd to having seen him throw her down
stairs of perjury
to give Painter nny more money." Another witness,
Buckley, swore that "Dick" entered the Green street
house that night
Willi a mans of affidavits of this tenor Painter's
attorneys  curried  the  light   before   the  Governor.
After ti   long   ference  llie  Bxccuttvo nntinunced
ihnl he believed no wrong hnd been done In lbe conviction, He (minted out thai Kdwards. so far ns was
known, bad shot his victims and had never strangled Ihem. Hut he granted the final reprieve to
.lanuary 2d for the presentation of furl her evidence.
HA IT C P The defence fired lis lasl Bitot, Itb-hnrd Itoebe,
\J \J O Chilli wc|| known throughout the country In sporting
circles, was brought forward, He swore to an affidavit slating llml on ibe night of lhe murder be was
tu a certain notorious rosorl tn Chicago when im
wards, whom be knew, came lu wilh his hands nnd
clothing covered with blood. He nsked the man
where he bad been and Kdwards replied, lhe statement read, lhat lie "bud given a woman tt trimming
In Green street."
Governor Altgeld brushed Ibis affidavit aside as
unworthy t'■ consideration. He declared that it was
worthless on Its face, Mime no guilty nmn would
enme fresh from a murder to a public plaee nnd
exhibit the stains he bore. He snid tho evidence
showed tliat Painter had beaten the womntl as ofiei
ns five times a week. It was usunllv so. be remarked, with a nuiii who lived nn mnnoy be compelled a woman to earn. Trom Unit moment II wis
apparent that Painter must hang, bin the prisoner
did not cease to protest his Innocence tn nny one who
would listen, finally drawing up liis posthumous
Tlie execution of George Painter was attended by
one of the most terrible Incidents tlml ever took
place In that grim home of horrors, the Cool; Cnuntv
Jail. Mnny there were wbo throughout had believed
the man wronged, but Uie hardiest of lhose most
firmly convinced of his guilt were not proof ngninst
tbe shock of superstitious doubt that swept upon the
community when tbe facts of the last scene were
made known.   The weaker saw n tudgmoht therein.
Tt wos In the norlh corridor of the Iail, from which
the prisoners hnd been removed following custom,
nnd placed three nnd four in a cell through ihe uther
parts of the building. About n hundred persons tilled
the seats facing the callows. An hour before the
time set for bis hnnglntr Painter wns led upon the
scaffold, bis arms manacled behind lil« back.
He begun tn talk, nnd ns he talked he wrought
himself Into a whirlwind of praver. nnnenl. passionate regret ond Impotent revolt ngninst til< fate, With
nods of his head he indicated individuals in the crowd
He addressed men liy name—politicians, persons lie
had known Intlmatelv. to whom he bad loaned money
and who hnd tunned money tn him. with whom he
had walked arm !n arm. He demanded tn know whv
they had conic to look upon his degradation, Ids
death. At times his voice, the voice of a powerful
mnn, rose to a walling scream.
"I don't wnnt to die.   I won't die!   I am innocent:"
Again be spoke calmly, recalling some personal incident to the mind of nn acquaintance, sitting white
ITe pointed to the fact thnt Lieutenant T,nr->on had   faced below him.   He was one of thc few men who
the house.   It wns stated that he had been In Schiller's saloon, In West Madison street, playing curds
and drinking.    The prisoner's explanation was as
He had come home nnd had entered tlie Green
collected most of the evidence, and deelnred thnt the
policeman's ambition had spurred him to n point
where he wns willing to help rnltrond nn Innocent
mnn to his death for the glorv »*f n convietion, He
emphasized onee again thnt h'« clothing hnd been
free from blood, nnd enst suspicion upon the manner
ln which tho stains hnd come to he on lhe overrent.
In conclusion he deelnred thnt u combination of perjured testimony nud faulty circumstantial evidence
hnd brought hlm to his end.
To one who visited hint In prison while he was
awaiting the outcome of the hopeless struggle made
street bouse by the rear stairway, In accordance with   on his behnlf he elaborated his defence,
woman, prying, questioning, listening, adding dally to
yellow In tbe gns light ns he glanced nlong the hall   his list of witnesses, slowly building up bis foriuld-
and up the stairs.   She could see his shouldcra rise
nnd fall like one who strives for breath. He was without lint or coat.    She drew back Into her room as
he enme to the foot of tbe stairs nud called:—
"Is any one np?"
Sbe made no answer. After a short pause the mau
strode quickly buck Into his home, closing the door
after him. Tbe woman returned to her post of observation. Ouce more the door below was flung open
and the figure of the man appeared. She did not retreat this time nnd he caught sight of her.
"Has nny one lieen to my rooms to-night?" he
nsked. witb :i brenk In his voice and nn agitated manner.   She replied thnt she thought not.
"Somebody Has Killed Alice."
"Ood!" he shrieked, throwing his arms above his
head, "somebody hns killed my Alice!" He turned
and ran down the stairs to the street, while the
woman, her fear once more strong upon her, locked
her door and crept to her bed.
Half an hour later Pnlnter returned with Policemen
Donovan and O'Day, He led them to his flat, where
a hasty preliminary examination showed that foul
murder hud been done within two hours. The door
on tbe ball ojiened Into the kitchen. To the front of
this wns the bedroom of Alice Martin, the common
law wife of Painter. To the rear of It was Painter's
bedroom, which gnve in turn upon a rear entrance.
The kitchen nud the rear bedroom were ln usunl condition. In the front room was evidence of n fearful
The body of Alice Mnrtln, pnrUy clothed, lay upon
able structure of circumstances.
He found two or three 1 in bit tics of the place who
were willing to swear Unit Painter customarily beat
his wife, that quarrels between them were of frequent occurrence. lie found one woman who declared she had beard the prisoner tbl'outen Alice
Mnrtln with death. Another stated tbnt Painter had
thrown her down stairs, Others came forward, after
having been seen by Larson, and said thai Painter
hud lived ns a parasite upon Alice Martin, driving
her Into the streets nnd wresting from her the bread
of shame.
The detective obtained an Inkling to the position
to be taken by Uie defence nnd set himself to combat
it. He ascertained tint Mrs. Norse was sure of her
estimates as to the periods of time Unit elapsed between the events of ihe night und confirmed her In
tbem. Ile searched Painter's home with painstaking
application to the veriest details and was rewarded
witb an Important discovery, This was uu overcoat
bearing siulns which, It was established by experts,
bad been caused by blood, He gathered statements
from those who had seen the prisoner on the night
of the murder Hint tlio man hnd been wearing this
very overcoat.
When Larson hnd finished the case for the prosecution wus complete. The motive, essential hi the
eyes of the law to nil circumstantial evidence cases,
was supplied by the perpetual quarrels In which tbe
couple bad Indulged und the man's demand upon the
woman for money. The possible plea of an alibi
could be met by the testimony of one who saw the
prisoner at the scene of the crime almost immediately
the floor.  The bed coverings aud the wall were spotted   after It had been committed.   There was the tangible
and stained.    Chairs had been broken and a table   proof of his guilt in the blood stained garment which
 ...,    v ...    ■« #n. n« mm h. fluem-.   he had worn that night.   The States Attorney was
overturned. No weapon, so far as could be discovered, had been used: only the bare, muscular hands
of the assailant. The victim had been choked and
beaten to death, beaten against the flour, the furniture,
lhe wall. There were no finger prints, no tracks lead-
tug from the room, none of the more common clews
In such cases. Such was the essential outline of the
These were the happening* of Sunday night, May
IT. Un Monday morning (lie Coroner held Ids Inquest.
Mrs. Ln uni Overlander nud others testified thut Alice
His Amazing Trial.
Several days were necessary to obtain a Jury, nnd
the taking of evidence begun on February 1, 181)2.
Painter was defended by Theodore 3, Case nnd
Thomas S. Hogan, W. 8. Elliott, Jr„ Assistant
State's Attorney, conducted the prosecution. Judge
Clifford presided.
The trial lasted n week. The defence sought to
prove that lhe murder hud been committed some
hours before midnight, when Pnlnter was nbsent from
his habit. He hnd stayed In Ills own room, which
opened on this stairway, had taken off bis tint nnd
coat and hnd thrown himself upon the bed to rend.
Hearing no sounds fr*n the woman's room, he had
grown uneasy, had passed through the kitchen aud
had found Alice Martin dead. Yielding to sudden
panic he had rushed into the ball and had asked if
nny one was up. Tbe thought occurring to him thnt
Uie womnii might still retain some life, be had returned to find her almost cold and had ngnln rushed
Into the bull, this time seeing nnd speaking to Sirs.
Norse on the upper landing.
The case for Pnlnter, npart from the attempt to
establish au alllil, hung chiefly upon the fact tbat
when be came up to the two policemen In the street
and hurried with them to tho house they did not no-
, tice stains upon his clothing or hnnds. When he was
arrested the following day no stains were discovered
on his person. The only directly Incriminating piece
of evidence In this connection wns tlie overcoat, which
had noi been produced by Larson until some months
nfter the murder. Professor Kwell testified that It
was impossible to determine whether the spots on
the overcoat were six weeks or two years old.
The significance nf this part of the defensive story
was well brought out and stmnglv emphasized. It
was shown by expert testimony thai II would have
been Impossible for the murderer to leave the scene
of the crime without bearing marks of Its commission
unless be hnd cnrefully removed tl'cni Immediately.
There were no Indications that cleansing had beeu
resorted to. Indeed the very strength of the prosecution rested upon tbe point Unit I'nluler hnd been seen
to come from his Hal Jusl alter the sounds of violence
had ceased, a position which did noi admit any delay
on his part.
Painter took the stand In his owu defence. He told
his version of the affair in a straightforward manner,
explaining all bis actions on the ulght of the murder
nud proving a strong witness for himself. Hut the
preponderance of the testimony, If not of evidence,
was against htm In the minds of lhe jury. After retiring they took u number of ballots, finally bringing
In a verdict of guilty and fixing the penalty :is denth.
lu the solemn moment when .ludge Clifford, nbnut to
pass sentence upon llie prisoner, asked llim the prescribed question, Painter, pale imt lirm. arose and
said In a calm voice:—
"Judge, 1 did uot kill that woman."
At this point there began one of the most remarkable lights for the lite of a convicted mini In the history of criminal jurisprudence, Thrice Palmer was
snatched from the gallows, twice by a scout few
hours, and in the lasi lew moments of his life came
a final agoiil'/iiig resplle, the result of u pulnlul accident.
Motion lot- a new iriul Wits denied and Judge Clifford sel lhe hanging for June 24, 18112. The attorneys for the defence appealed to Governor Klfer for
pardon or clemency, but he refused to Interfere.
They then applied to lhe State Supreme Court for a
write of supersedeas, The mntter went uvcr until the
last day, nud on die night of June 'SA Judge Itnlley
granted the writ. The case was nol argued liefure
the Supreme Court, but the attorneys ninl a brief
wbkh was considered iu due course. In Uie decision
ibe sentence was aliirmcd ami Judge Clifford tunned
the dale of the hanging, ror llm second lime, un
December IB, 181KJ.
Friends to the Rescue.
Painter hud been active in local politics and bad
some friends who came to his aid In his dire need.
Otlier lawyers were retained, among them Major
BhickbUru, Luther Laflin Mills became Independently interested hi the case nud lent his services
Governor Aligcld granted a hearing, anil a respite
was nsked Unit nuoihcr application for a new trial
might be made. The Governor refused at lirst, hut
later, when It was Insistently represented that important new evidence bad been discovered, lu consented.
His decision was made on December 14, tlie day
before Unit set for the hanging, A heavy storm had
swept the State and nearly all the wires were down
between Springfield and Chicago, lt seemed for a
Ume (but the man must perish witb hope at hand,
hut late at ulght a message to the Sheriff was forced
through liy a roundabout route and again Painter
was saved.   The third date for the execution wns
Painter's Defence.
"I hnve not been n good man. but T nn- not n murderer," he Bald. "They sny I lived on Alice Martin,
thnt I drove her to her shame and took the money
away from her. It Is a Ile. It was the great snrrow
of my life that she would not be true to me. When
she wns herself sbe was a good woman. When she
drank she became a fiend, nnd then she betrayed me.
And when sbe wns unfaithful It bit Into my heart nnd
I tried to forget Ihe wretched life In liquor. Thnt was
the round for months, lt wns horrible, but remember
thnt I still loved her, as I do this minute, I take Cod
to he my judge.
"I accepted money from her on Just ono occasion.
I needed It nnd she willingly lent It to me. Need I
admit this If It were otherwise? The sum amounted
to several dollars and I took It.
"Tbey sny I used to itout her. It Is a He. and those
who swear to It nre perjured In the sight of heaven.
Again, there Is this much truth In It. I struck her
once. She had heen false again: she wns hateful, hitter. I was In drink, and when sho sneered nt me,
taunted me. I struck her. I hnve never censed to repent of It. This tn the sum of my transgression. Kor
this they will hung mo."
Pnlnter was n large tnnn. of grent strength and
good aiuiearanee. and he put nil the force of bis mental nnd bodily vigor Into Ills words, Ho was remnrk-
ably Intelligent. He felt his posilion keenly, fought
against It desperately. Life wns sweet to hlm, the
moro In thnt he hnd a mind sensitive enough to suffer
Intensely. He know people and things. Ho hnd
culture. He rebelled In overy fibre ngninst the throat
of denfh.
While loophole nfter loophole was being closed
ngninst hlm ho made an extraordinary proposal to
the Court. About this lime n famous paralytic
"fakir" was exposed by a physician. He wns a criminal who simulated n helpless condition to escape
punishment for his nets, and was so expert that for
mouths It was Impossible to prove that he was feigning. Finally be was carried to an operating table
ami placed under an anaesthetic. As hu was returning to consciousness, while Ids brain was still dimmed
liy the drug but was struggling toward Its awakening, tho table was tipped. In fulling the mnn, not
yet able to discipline his faculties to the part be hud
Impqsed upon himself. Instinctively spread out his
eon traded nud supposed paralysed limbs.
Painter seized upon this Incident. He bogged flint
physicians be allowed to experiment upon-him; that
ho he placed In some degree of stupor nud questioned
as to the murder nt a time when bis Inmost thoughts
might be revealed. He also asked that hypnotists
use hlm as a subject lu the same wuy.
"May ll md be Ihal a mesmerist can Induce a menial condition In iue that will cause mo to tell whatever secrets I possess?' was bis query. "Let the
State lake note of this for llie chance of saving an Innocent life. I inn ready nud eager to submit to all
But the Court would not take cognizance. Hypnotism and the psychological effects of drugs held no
part In legal matters,   Ills pellllou was refused.
Afier Governor Aligeld granted lbe reprieve In
December that gave the defence Its second oppor
Itnill,v lo pin in a plea of fresh evidence Painter's
attorneys advanced a set of affidavits Hint gave a
new 1 ii ii i lo Ihe ease. Il was suggested Hint "Dick"
Kdwards, ul lliul Ume serving a life sentence in
Texas for ihe minder of a woman, knew something
of Hie inn I Ier. Kdwards was credited with Hie killing of three uther Voincil- and was believed to have
been lu Chicago ni ihe Ifiue Alice Mini In was strangled, A remarkable fact was Hint Kdwards murdered Mrs. I lui lie Hynes, in Hudson, Texas, on May
17, 18112. exactly a year after Ihe killing of Alice
Thu description of Kdwards tilted Hint given by
Mrs. Augusta Itoih and May Slsllery uf u man they
bad seen about lhe Green street house. It was fairly
well established Hint Iho Mnrtln woman hnd entertained other men hi lhe fiat during Painter's absences. The two women went lurther. They swore
that the man Uiey had seen with Alice Mnrtln was
culled "Dick" nnd Uml Ihey hnd seen hlm lu thi!
house just prior io the time (he murder must have
been committed.
Goes to the Governor.
Mrs. Both, thc housekeeper, stated (hat Painter and
the woman were hur tenants for twu months aud
that "Dick" was a frequent visitor, always when
Painter wns away. She said thut she saw "Dick"
nnd Alice Mnrtln In Oreen street on the evening In
had suffered capital punishment In the Jail who
stood In no need of stlm ' tuts tn tupporl them at tho
ond. Ho wns lu possession of all his faculties. He
argued, discussed, feverishly but fluently, He. wns
talking for life, talking against denth. his mind still
alert for one more chance of escape, sharply bent upon
sensing Its consciousness, iis vitality, to the last
Then the Rope Broke.
"Cenflemen," he began. "I see somo friends here
to-day—some good friemls. O Ood. forgive ihem!
A friend of mine who would come here to see me die-
It hurts me. The brotherhood of humanity has taught
better things. Men have Bought death because they
thought there was au advancement In the future life.
To-day I bate death. 1 don't want to die. lf I killed
Alice Martin, the woman 1 dearly loved, the Woman 1
loved so much I would nlmost have committed a
crime for her, I pray this minute—my last on earth—
thnt the eternal Ood will put me In eternal hell,
"If Ihere Is one man among you who Is an American I sny to hlm tin his soul—tm his soul, I suy—
see that the murderer of Alice Mnrtln Is found."
Toward the Inst of that hour the Utile group of
men who. brought to the place by duty nr by curiosity, bad listened to the torrent of Words sat quivering, To every one of them it was as if n jagged
blade hud hacked upon bis nerves. Each was keyed
to Hie snapping pitch by oue of the most trying experiences of his life. Xo one moved a muscle.
There was scarce a breath in the corridor.
The hour struck. The execution officials came
forward. Painter declared bis Innocence for the last
time nnd was silent. Tlie attendants quickly nd justed Hie white shroud that covered hlm from neck to
heels, tlie rope under his left ear and the long, white
cap that draped upon his shoulders, The pause of a
second and tbe trap was sprung.
At the Instant that tbe slamming report of the
swinging door against the under side of the scaffold
rung out the white figure bounded Into the air, there
was tbe twanging crack of yielding hemp and
Pnlnter fell to the concrete floor of the corridor, almost ou the knees of the newspaper men lu the front
row.   The rope had snapped.
A gnsp enme from the hundred watchers. If one
of them hnd started from his seat or hatl voiced the
cry thnt rose to his throat there must have been a
disastrous panic nt the cost of lives In tlie narrow,
winding. Iron lined corridors of the Jail. In the
condition bordering on frenzy to which every one of
thorn had been worked the mntter stands for wonder,
but all snt fast.
The sheeted figure on the floor partly raised, once,
twice. A red stain showed and slowly grew aliout
the edges of the draped cap. Deputy sheriffs, running from behind, threw themselves upon the condemned man, forced him to n prostrate position and
half dragged, half carried hlm back of the scaffold,
up the stairs to the trap again.
This time the emergency rope was used, nlmost as
thick ns n bowser. The officials ndjiisted It while
Painter, once more nnd most terribly respited, knelt
limply, his bend on one side, the stain on his shroud
widening, while Hie tortured group, with pinched
faces and shattered nerves, still watched. II took
sixteen minutes for Painter to strangle to death when
the trap was sprung again. On the first occasion
every prisoner in the jail had rattled bis cell bars and
cried out tn the nwe Inspiring protest and demonstration that no number of guards can ever prevent. Instinctively they knew thnt something had gone wrong.
When the report of tho swinging door rang out again
there was complete silence.
• *****•
Luther Lnflln Mills, who successfully prosecuted
the Cronin ease and was one of the best lawyers In
the country, had been Intensely Interested In the Iriul
and conviction of George Painter. To his trained
legal mind hero wns un Instance In which lhe machinery erected for the protection of society had
operated to bring about the execution of an Innocent
man. Hu believed much of the evidence was false,
either wilfully perjured or tbe outcome of misapprehension.
He repeatedly pointed out lhe fact that the circumstances were capable of Uiu defence's construction,
consistent either with guilt or with innocence, and
that Ihe rule of law declares In sucb Instances fur acquittal. After thc hanging he announced that he
would devote a year lu au attempt to establish
Painter's Innocence,
During thnt period he made an exhaustive study of
the case and tbe matter was never fur from his mind,
He conducted nn investigation of his own, quietly
examining the men and women who had appeared ns
witnesses nnd going over the ground cnrefully, At
the expiration of the year he stuted Hint the question
loomed as large as lt did thu duy of Painter's sentence
and that he had been able to make no progress,
Shortly before the death of Mr. Mills, last January,
he told nn Intimate friend that ho was still convinced
that Painter hnd no share ln the murder of Alice
Mnrtln, nud that he had fallen ns one moro victim
to the misuse of circumstantial evidence.
Officially nnd so far ns nscertulnnhlu fact enrrtes
George Painter stands nmong the guilty. Yet many
wbo know the man, nnd notably the able, level mind
set at January 12, lHiil.   Desperate efforts wero mode   question aud that sho heard "Dick" say, "3et me   ed lawyer who undertook the post mortem tVfence.
to obtain tt new lilu I, but  before the pleas were   thut money, or I'll fix yon so that you'll never H able   have clung to the belief thai he was innocent. TUE   OBAMtKOOK   HJGBAIJ)
HEAL that
UTS and bruises are often very obstinate in refusing to
heal. The edges of the wound remain inflamed and sore,
and there ib a daily danger of disease-germa settling on the raw flesh
and giving rise to serious complications. Thus, neglect or improper
treatment of an injury, be It a cut, burn, Bcald, or even a simple
scratch, is u menace to life.
In cas-ia where wounds refuse to heal quickly, nothing but
Zam-Buk will suffice if the skin in to be made to grow naturally and
perfectly once again. Zam-Buk rubbed gently over a wound has thc
remarkable effect, not only of rendering the wound proof against
disease-germs, but of growing new skin-tissuea.
ThUB Zam-Buk lieala wounds in a perfectly natural manner, and
thc possibilities of eczema and   other   torturing   skin-diseases   are
entirely prevented. Possessing rare medicinal properties, -Zam-Buk
accomplishes what ordinary ointments and salves never can do, uud its
ever-ready   character,    constant    reliability,    and
absolute   purity,   render   it   distinct   from   ull   jfc>- h Mm<
other preparations.    If you dress your cuts    ^^wiMUOlia«'*[\
aud sores with Zam-Buk you will never be       ^.«»n»*svMIHi-BH^J
troubled with
not heal."
Of all Drniighta and Stores a
box. or three for $1,1
lhe wound   that would
I SO cents a
Vml this coupon (with
1 I
Cranbrook Trading Co. I!
Phone 183
P.O. Box A-
We have just received a
shipment of
ers Stock Food ii
Call and get a sample package
For the Convenience of
the Public
From now on until the end of the
year, the Post Office will be kept open
until 0 o'clock every Saturday night.
Post Master   ♦
• 1
Now and Strictly First-Olnsa Tblbphonb 2088     )\
Amerioun Plan, $8.50 por dny up
O11A8. Hartnbv, Proprietor,
Oor. Seymour uuil Cordova SU.   ■ * n    r*     "
oP1„,u,o.i'.it.station      Vancouver, B. C. j;
Absolutely The Best
We sell Fit-Reform Suits and
Overcoats because WE
KNOW they are the best,
beyond question.
At any price you care to pay
-$15, $18, $20, $22, $25,
$28, and $30 —we can give
you highgrade,
hand tailored
garments that
have no equals
in Canada.    105
new style*
(of wiatei
Cranbrook. EC
Will be held at
Thursday, Nov. 18th
at 8 o'clock p.m.
The Heetlng will be addressed by
Conservative Candidate
K. C, and others
A. E. WATTS, Sr., in the Chair
Opposition Speakers are cordially invited
An Orchestra will be in attendance
Kditor Tlw Herald:
Sir: Will you he good enough to
make public for the information o(
those interested in mining in your
district that I shall be glad to receive particulars of progress made
during 1UU1J at all district mining
properties, What I wish to be supplied with is Information relative to
development work done, plant and
machinery put in, ore production (il
any) surface Improvements made,
11 itiisportiuion facilities provided,
and all otlier details showing the
year's progress, It will not be practicable for me to visit all thc mining camps before preparing for several reviews and summaries I have
undertaken to supply early in December, so districts can only have
notice in proportion to the particulars received. My reviews will be
given wide publicity, arrangements
to this end having already lieen made,
sn I hope to receive Irom mining
men in your district the Information
requisite to allow of its being given
due prominence. Communications
should be addressed to me at Nelson, IJ. C,, and to he of most service should reach me by the '25th
inst., so as to allow of my incorporating the information sent in the
reviews I shall have to prepare within the next, following ten days.
Thanking you in advance for your
kind assistance in the direction indicated, I am,
Youra truly,
E. Jacobs.
Victoria, B. C„ Nov. 10, lflOfl.
Gust Theis, the pioneer ot Perry
Creek, has completed financial arrangements [nt starting a shalt at
Old Town and work will be pushed
tlie entire winter. Millions have
lorward as rapidly as possible during
been taken out ol Perry Creek in the
past and Mr. Theis, who is probably
the best posted man on the mineral
conditions ol that district there is in
the country, has always lelt satisfied
that a shalt sunk to bed rock at
Old Town would produce rich results.
Others who have worked the creelt
above Old Town in the past lew
years, although depending upon
crude methods, never failed to make
from five to ten dollars a day to the
man. Perry Creek gold is conceded
to be of thc highest quality and this
work under thc supervision of Mr.
Theis, who is rccogni'-ed as one ol
the best placer miners in the Kootenays, Is hound to bo a success. Mr.
Charles Coueh, of Crows Nest, is associated with Mr. Theis in thc
FOR     SALE—Five-roomed    house
1   Baker  IIIII In  good    condition;
plastered;   water laid on; woodshed,
etc.     For    particular!    apply   O.
I.loyd, Royal hotel. 33-tl
Last Sunday Mrs. J. F. Charbon-
eau and Halph Bradley, the operator
at Crows Nest, with one or two others were skating on thc lake. Thc
ice was new and not very thick and
Mrs. Charbontau and Mr. Bradley
fell through tbe broken ice and lor a
time were helpless. Fortunately
both parties maintained their presence of mind and their companions secured a pole and placed it out so
that they were able to lie rescued,
Both the lady and gentleman were
taken at once to Andy Good's hotel
where they were shown every attention and kindness. It was a most
miraculous escape, as there is no
beach in that lake ami if the victims
bad not been able to hold on to the
edge ol the Ice until help arrived
there would have been no chance to
have saved them. The people ol
Crows Nest are to be complimented
on the r active work and also in doing everything tbat they could to
make the unfortunate victims comfortable after the accident.
On the 20th day of December, 1909,
at eleven a.m., Joseph Brault, of
Cranhrook, B. C, hotel proprietor,
will apply for a license to divert
from.Joscph Prairie Creek at the
dam thereon at or near the western
boundary of Lot ,15511, one cubic foot
of water per second, for tho purpose
of irrigating about lift acres of land,
being that portion of Lot 3911,
Group 1, which .lies to the north o.
the ditch constructed across same
by Malcolm Horle. The proposed
works are ditches and flumes. No
crown land will be occupied. Riparian proprietors and licensees who
Will be allected are Tho Roblnson-
McKcn/ic Lumber Company, Limited,
and Malcolm Horle.
Notices were posted on the 13th
day of November, 1909.
Dated the I Sth dav of November,
J. Brault.
W. F. Gurd,   of    Cranbrook, D. C,
his Solicitor and Agent.      37-2t
On Thursday afternoon, November
llth, at 4 p.m., at thc Presbyterian
manse, Harry Barr Trevelyan and
Miss Mary Wilson Thompson were
united in marriage by Rev. C. 0.
Main. Thc hride was supported by
Miss E. M. Millington and thc groom
by F. W. Watson. The contracting
parties are both young people of
Cranbrook, Mr. Trevelyan being engineer in thc employ of the East
Kootenay Lumber company, and Miss
Thompson a deservedly popular
waitress at the Hotel Cranbrook.
Thc happy couple will reside at the
mill tor thc winter.
The Kootenay Telephone Lines,
Limited, are rapidly pushing to completion their metallic circuit to Alberta. The wires are being strung
between Cranbrook and Morrissey,
on the west end, and between Crows
Nest and Michel on the east end. The
company cipect to have thc complete system ln operation by December 1st.
"Gentlemen, you need not give
yourselt any trouble about thc revenue. The question ol revenue
must never stand in the way ol
needed reforms. But give mc a sober population, not wasting their
earnings in strong drink, and I shall
know where to obtain thc revenue."
that thc Creditors ol thc above named Company, which is being* voluntarily wound-up, arc required, on or
belore the 18th day ol December,
1001), to send their names and addresses and the particulars ot their
debts or claims accompanied with
prool thereof to N. I. Harrison, tin-
Liquidator ol the Company, at tho
Company's office in the Citv ol Cranbrook.
In the event ol any creditor nol
sending such particulars of proof on
or before the aforesaid day he will
tic excluded from thc benefit of any
distribution made before his debt ur
claim is proved.
Dated at Cranbrook, B. ('., this
12th dav ol November, 1909.
W. F. Gurd,
35-5t      Solicitor lor thc Liquidator
that thirty (30) days alter date 1
Intend to apply to the Chiel Commissioner ol Lands and Works for a
license to prospect for coal and
petroleum over the following lands,
situated in Block 4593, South East
Kootenay, British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted at
the N. W. corner ol Lot 8726, Group
1, being the S. W. corner ol H. Gorman's claim, thence north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 ehains, thenee west 80 ohains tn
point ol beginning, containing n 10
acres, more or Icsb.
H. Gorman.
Located thla Hth day ol September, IIM. 29-6t"
! Imperial Bank of Canada
RESERVE     -      -      .
I). R. H'lLKlE. PresiJent.
HON. ROBERT JAFl'KAY, Vice-President
Acoounts   of   Corporations,   Municipalities,    Merchants,
Farmers and Private Individuals invited.
Drafts and Letters of Credit issued available in any part of
the world.
_ SAYINGS DEPARTMENT - Special attention
given to Savings Bank Accounts. Deposits of $1.00 und
upwards received and interest allowed from dute of deposit.
Cranbrook Branch: J. F. M. PINKHAM, Mgr.
For Your Health's Sake
it is but fair to drink only the  Best Brands.
Corby's Special Select Rye
Dawson's Scotch Whisky
Hennessey's Brandies
Schlitz and Fernie Fort Steele Beers
.Uk for them nn.l insist on getting Uiem.
Full line of Glasses and Hur Fixture.*' always In stock,
********************** *********************,
11   PHONE NO. io
\ P. BURNS & CO., Ltd.
Wholesale and Retail
Meat   Merchants
thw%w\w% ***%*%*%*% *%*%*%*%  *____**____**_._
p. o. BOX 3
We'are receiving each week from the Pacific Coast,
;| Crabs, Clams, Shrimps, Smelts, and
Perch; and from Lake Superior,
Trout and Pickerel.
You are now going through this world for the last time:
for your requirements in
Meats, Fresh   and   Smoked   Fish,   Butter.  Saugages,
Head-Cheese.   Oysters,   etc.?
Your Horning Beverage
Not any Coffee, but a Pure Blend, that is
appetizing, stimulating nnd healthful. We have
the identical article. We have heard many good
things said of onr Coffee; said too. by housekeepers
who have gone the round and who come back to stay
PHICES   35C   4QC-,   soc.
ij Prepare for the Winter Now ii
We have in stock a full line of COAL and
COOK STOVES and ranges.
Wo have also a lull line ol Stove I'iocf.
Elbows, Hamp*m. Fire Shovels, elc., etc.
ii J. M. Agnew & Co., Elko, B.C. ii THE   CRABiMROOK   HERALD
2.00 A YEAR
Br the Herald   Publishing Company,
F. J. Deane, Managing Editor.
NOVEMBER 17, J 909
Wc feel lhat some apology is due
our readers lor tho amount ol spaa*
devoted to political matters in recent
issues ol the Herald. However,
wc arc inclined to the bcllcl thai in
view ol tlie present situation our
nailers will In- charitable ami acknowledge that Uie importune) ol tin*
issues al stake Justify the course
wc arc pursuing, ln view uf the
verv short limo allowed llie clecloi*.
iu which to come lo a conclusion on
the several momentous questions now
up tor settlement, we (eel thai a
public journal, realizing its duty lo
Hu* puhlic, should be prepared to dc-
votc its space largely to a full ami
lair discussion of the issues. This
we an* attempting to do and il, lor
thc time being, lucre is obvious Ian,
ol attention to matters of purely
local or district interest, out* excuse
must lie tliat just now lhc one im-
porlant consideration is lor tin* electors to become (ully advised of the
rial facts   of lhc situation.
Without traversing ground, already
Iairlv well covered, we desire to Invite the electors ol Cranbrook dislriel to follow us iu a brief consider
ation of sonic of thc important issues
iu tbe pa-sent campaign, to which, so
far, inadequate attention has lieen
given, both in these columns and on
the platform. In tin* lirsl place wc
would invite electors ol this city to
weigh well tlie plank in the Liberal
party's platform, which provides lor
me turning over to municipalities
..I tin- personal property las. II is
well known to every citizen oi
Cran brook tlial in recent years tin*
provincial government has saddled
tlie municipality with steadily in
creasing liabilities, without makin
tin* slightest effort to secure to Uiem
additional revenues. This is a condition of aliairs tbat long ago received the attention ol the Liberal opposition ami repeated efforts wen*
put forward bv the present Liberal
leader, John Oliver, to secure to tin*
municipalities greater sources ol rc-
vi'iiue. These cllorts on bis purl
failed because the Conservative governmenl, with the unanimous approval of its supporters, invariably
voted down his proposals. It may,
therelore, be taken as granted that
the lixeil and unalterable policy ot
the present Conservative governmenl
is lo deny to the growing municipalities that measure of lair play which
the laets so Imperatively demand.
Tlieelectors of Cranbrook municipality, in common wilh the electors
in every other municipality in the
province, have on this occasion thc
opportunity ol making clear beyond
all peradventurc their wishes in this
regard. H. A. Macdonald, tbe Lilieral candidate, stands for "Hetter
Terms" lor the municipalities. Every
citizen ol Cranbrook who takes pride
in its growth anil In its nourishing
public institutions, should feel in
honor bound to vote lor tlie mun and
the policy which will mean so much
Ior llie revenues ot this city.
Another plank of special moment in
the Liberal platform is that dealing
with the enforcement ol thc provision ol the Health Act, which, under
the McUride government, have been
practically ignored, certainly never
enforced in the direction where they
would prove most beneficial to the
residents ol our towns and cities.
The Liberal platform calls (or thc
thorough inspection ol all quarters
inhabited by undesirable elements ol
■ population and the enforcement*
of regulations which will compel
those people to maintain standards
ot health and decency, at present
completely ignored, to the great advantage (from an economical standpoint) ot these undesirables and to
the constant menace to the health
ol lhe white population and the earning capacities   ol the white worker
in these communities, Uy the adoption ol Hit* Liberal proposals, tlie
Mongolian elements in our town populations will lit* compelled to expend
a lar larger proportion ol their earnings in the maintenance ol their
places oi residence, thereby removing
dangers to the health ol thc while
community and reducing their competitive capacity iu tbe wage market.
lhe Liberal policy is the one practical proposal by wliich the Mongolian
evil in this province can be overcome
and it is a proposal that every elector having the welfare ot the province and the Interest of white workingmen at heart sliould actively and
whole heartcdly support. A vote
lor Mr. M. A. -Macdonald Is a vole
iu favor of lllis practical step iu the
direction ol curtailing tlte evils eom-
. ..lined of above, the existence ol
wliieli must be apparent to every
Another feature ol the Liberal
policy, whieh will appeul strongly lo
.,* wage earning classes of the electorate, and one that merits the eiuu-
..l attention ol all classes iu llie
community, is the proposol, made by
Leader Oliver at several public meetings, for the creation of a department of labor, under a responsible
minister, lt has become very apparent of recent years that some iu-
sli'tution ol this character was urgently required iu this province.
Vear after year bills are introduced
iu lbe legislature, claiming to havo
as llieir object the betterment ol the
conditions ol lbe wage-earning classes. .Many of these bills, however,
bave been ill-conceived and wouhl,
bail ttiey become law, have entailed
greater suffering upon the class it
was their professed aim to beneiit
than advantage. Mr. Oliver's declared policy is to establish a department ol labor, wliich will have,
as a part of its duly, the task of investigating conditions iu any and
every industry affected by propositi
legislation, in order that the members of the legislature may he put in
possession of all the facts and thus
lie in a position to vote intelligently
on llu- subject. This proposal ol
Leader Oliver has met with very
general approval and will Ik- given
Immediate efiect to by the legislature il the electors on November 25th
decide to confer upon him the reigns
ol government.
This gem of misrepresentation is
from a correspondent's letter published in the Moyie Leader, without
correction or comment, but with the
evident approval of Kditor Smyth,
who has just now hit* war helmet on
with visor drawn down, and of
course cannot be expected to sec, or
tell, the facts that ro to weaken the
McUride case. The sublime "check"
of the man who could get oil this
"whopper" shows him an apt pupil
of the bfusteriug Howser. Perhaps
lie might even aspire to he his successor should the fortunes of war result in leaving thc notorious fouiwlcr
of the campaign "Bowserism" al
home.     Mere is the gem:
"McBride had tn drop several of
"his ministers to make his railway
"policy one that would be of general
"■benefit to the people of H.C. He
"chose to prune his cabinet rather
"than disappoint the people."
That word "prune" is a good one,
expressive, apt, picturesquely descriptive of the MeBride method of
accepting the resignations of his
colleagues. (Jiicry: Were Ministers
Wilson and Green also "pruned" in
litis way? By thc dodge of a dissolution to which he was not e\r
titled, McBride escaped those explanations which he should have given to the legislature in 1907. He
cannot escape in the same way
again—if happily he should save his
political life at all.
(hi the whole the situation is thc
most hopeful llie opposition'has faced
since the McBride government, by a
fluke nnd the violation of a solemn
pledge on tlie part of ils leader,
sneaked into office. II the opposition continues the fight manfully until polling day, there will he an end
of the regime" which, after "sitting
tight" for six years has elaborated a
po'icy that, in the estimation of  the
best authorities, will ruin the credit
of the province, but, a^ain according
to some who possess inside Information, will he far from profitless to
those wlio are "in" on the deal.—
Victoria Times. i
Il is reasonable to conclude that
when we have, on the one hand, a
railway policy promulgated hv Mr.
Oliver, wliich is endorsed and commended by the veteran premier of
the Dominion, who has applied the
ripeness of his experience to wrestling with railway transportation
problems, and, ou the other hand, a
railway policy .sprung with dramatic
suddenness liy Mr. McBride and condemned as "wild and unconsidered,"
bv a statesman so widely and intimately experienced in affairs as Sir
Charles llibbert Tapper, little doubt
can he entertained as to the comparative merits of the two policies,
alike from a national and from a
provincial standpoint. Britisli Columbia, as we never tire ol repeating, wants the Canadian Northern.
The point on which the electors are
requited to decide is whether llie Canadian Northern is to traverse the
province hy a route already served by
railways, in accordance with a policy
which a life-long Conservative, prominent in Canadian affairs, describes
as "wild and unconsidered," or by a
route wliieli has won the commendation of lhe first minister in the Dominion.—Vancouver World.
When thc provincial government
threw on the cities the burden of
maintaining their educational institutions it did not provide them with a
revenue for the purpose, and when a
measure was proposed by tlie Liberals iu the house to provide revenue
for the purpose they had it voted
down. One of the ' first reforms
necessary in lhc new parliament
is a readjustment of municipal taxation whereby tbe property antl otlier
taxes that have been levied by the
province on the cities Khali go lo the
municipal treasury. With over four
million dollars as fixed deposit at
three per cent the province does not
require, and is not entitled to, these
local taxes, which belong to the
community in which they are levied,
and are absolutely necessary for the
providing of the young people of the
cities witli a liberal education, and a
training that hest fits them for the
higher duties of life and citizenship.—
Revelstoke Herald.
The Colonist says the treasury is
overllowing, and the revenue is cx-
mdingly buoyant and gives those as
icasoiis for crippling the credit of
thc province for a mess of railway
What filled the treasury so full?
Was it not the sale of timber lands
and other lands, those of Point Orey
and Prince Rupert wliich brought in
such large accessions to the treasury
What has made the "revenue" so
buoyant if it has not been the alienation of the capital assets of the
province. Only a remnant ol thc
tremendous forest asset now remains
to the capital of the province.
Another source of revenue is the income tax, thc poll tax, the miners'
tax and the taxes collected in thc
form of fees from prospectors who
locate mineral claims.
The Income tax and tlie poll tax
are taxes upon private capital and
lalmr of the province. They can be
classed only as extraordinary re
venue wliich sliould be levied only under pressure of emergency, such as
The income lax is an obstacle
the way of new capital being invested and the poll tax, which is higher
in Britisli Columbia than in any
otlier provinee in Canada, Is a tax
paid directly out ot the pockets of
the workingmen which it hits hnrder
than anv other class of thc community.
Such is the "huovant reveiris'
described by thc Colonist. How
"buoyant" will this "revenue" he
when the credit ol the province has
heen loaded with a liability of $15,
000,000 for (iOO miles of railway
hair of which will produce no new
revenue whatsoever, and one-third of
which may be curtailed hy duplicat
ing other railways.—Saturday Sunset.
Dress Goods
Our stock of Dress Ooods is the most complete
in this district, and for
we  have   decided   to   give   our    Lady   Custom
chance to obtain Ooods at Wholesale Prices.
Below we give you several examples of the prices
which you will be unable to duplicate elsewhere for
the same quality of goods.
Wool Crepe,       -      reg. $i.oo for 65c.
In several different shades.
Our All Wool Tweeds, reg. 85c. for 55c.
Suitable for School Dresses, Skirts, etc.
Meltons,     -      -      reg. $1.40 for $1.10
in Orey, Plum, Qreen and Black
Panamas and Voiles, reg. 1.00 for 65c.
In Cream and White, suitable for evening wear.
Our stock of TRirtMINOS to match the above is
the largest and most varied in the Interior, and we are
offering these at prices which are practically cut in two.
Lasl Saturday night saw an interested and representative audience of
the ladies of Cranbrook and district
assembled in the provincial government huilding to hear Miss Rose, of
Ouelph, Ont., lecture on domestic
science, and one and all left the
meeting satisfied that the time had
been well spent. Miss Rose devoted
the greater part of her time to   the
Grand Forks 	
New Westminster
Dr. A. D. Morgan 	
Dr. H. E. Young	
Dr. H. Callahan 	
.1. A. Fraser	
II. O. Parson 	
W. II. Hayward 	
Michael Manson	
Thomas Caven	
S. A. Cawlcy 	
F. J. Mackenzie	
W. .1. Manson 	
II. D. Helmckcn 	
W. R. Ross	
Ernest Miller 	
.1. R. .Tackson	
A. E. McPhillips	
.1. P. Shaw	
Neil F. Mackav 	
Archibald McDonald	
T. Oiltor-d 	
A. E. Plauta	
.1. Stewart 	
Harry Wright	
Hon. Price Ellison 	
Hon. Thomas Taylor	
Hon.   F.    I..    Carter-Cotton ...
W. R. Bradcn	
D. M. Eberts 	
I.. W. Shatlord 	
William Manson	
William Hunter	
Hon. W. J. Bowser	
A. II. n. MacOowan 	
Dr. O. A. McGuire	
II. II. Watson	
0. E. Tisdall 	
lion. R. McBride	
II. II. Thompson 	
II. F. W. Bchnscn 	
Fred Davey	
Hon. It. McBride 	
lames Schofleld	
II. C. Brewster 	
Thomas Kearns 	
Harry .lones 	
.1. M. Yorston	
.1. A. Iliickbani 	
.lohn N. Evans	
.1. M. Forrest	
M. A. Macdonald „
1'. W. Munro	
■ lohn Oliver	
A. Thompson	
John Jardine	
A. 1. Fisher	
I). Patterson	
Alex. Macrlonald ....
Percy Purvis	
II. M. Vascy 	
John Keen	
M. Eaglcson ,.
J. J. Johnstone ....
I). J. Thomas 	
IC. A. Crease	
E. H. Dehart	
C. Lindmark	
I. W. DcB. Farris .
Dr. ,1. M. English ..
T. A. Brydon	
It. Elmlmrst	
Dr. W. T. Kcrgin ..
J. C. Harris	
Fred Wado	
J. II. Senkler 	
Oeorge Macllonald .
Aid. Campbell 	
James Staples ........
John Oliver	
R. L. Drury	
A. J. Morley 	
W. K. Houston 	
Stuart Henderson .
J. Cartwright .
John W. Fitch .
I. Harrington 	
lobn Mclnnis	
({. Heathcrington .
J. II. Hawthornthwaite .
Parker Williams	
J. II. Matheson	
J. Johnson  ,	
O. II. Kempster	
G. Casey .
0. M. Bennett	
I'I. T. Kingslcy ....
W. Mackenzie	
M. McGregor 	
P. Garvcy	
R. P. Pettlplcco .
George Oliver	
A. M. Oliver	
subject ol bread and bun making,
and gave many hints and suggestions which were ot evident interest
to the audience.
In addition to her lecture Miss
Rose had in view the formation ol a
women's institute, and a unanimous
vote being given by the meeting* in
lavor of doing so, an election ol
officers took place, Mrs. T. S. Gill
being elected president, Mrs. Armstrong vice-president and Miss Hamilton secretary, in addition to a
board ol live directors.
Miss Rose, in organizing these institutes, is acting* under thc auspices
ol thc provincial government and the
object in view in their formation is
to do everything possible lor thc improvement ol home Iilc.
A mass meeting in the interests ol
the plebiscite on local option will he
held iu the Auditorium on Sunday
alternoon, November 21st, at 1.15. A
large choir will occupy thc stage and
provide good music. Addresses will
be given by loeal speakers on tho
subject ami opportunity for questions. An offering will be solicited
lor expenses. It is earnestly hoped
by the committee that all Interested
and all who have the open mind nn
this subject, and even those who may
at present be opposed to this movement, will attend this meeting. It
is held tor the purpose ot education,
enlightenment, thc removal ol obscurities and prejudice on this important non-partisan Issue now before
the people.
Come and let us reason together
without personalities, without enmity.
On behall ol the L. O. committee.
I want one male and lour female
goats; all adults (no kids); provincial permits to export those animals
have been issued; write me when you
have something caught ready to
ship, but don't write till then; I will
pay $1011 lor tho male and S125 each
for thc females, crated f.o.b. any express office on the C.P.R.; all must
be healthy and unhurt witli intact
horns; will buy from thc first man
who gets them.
Dr. Cecil French, Zoologist.
Ml' Washington, D.C.
Special Hosiery
In  order  to  clear out   tlio  balance  of  our
Hosiery nnd  mnko room for new goods we
will  tliis   wook   cut  in   two,  prices  on   nil
lines of  Hosiery.
Wo luivo ii full lino of
McPherson's Lightning Hitch
Hockey Boots
iu  boys nud womens, nud  in n few dnys
hnve n complete stock of Men's.   This boot
is acknowledged by all  sknters to bo  tlio
best skating boot in Citiuiiln.
rsT.uii.isui.n iHtn
b. i. waiker, Pnaidont | Paid-up Capital, $!0.000.000
ilEXAHDESlAIRD.Gencr.-.lKauaj.rj I>eserve Fund_   .    6.000,000
Branches ihroujliout ramiJa, and In the United States and England
Deposits ol* $1 nntl upwards are received antl interest allowed at current
rates.    Accounts  may bo opened hi the names of two or
more persons nnd withdrawals made by any
ofio of them or by tlio survivor. 124
R. T. Brymner, flanager Cranbrook Branch
for the  Drug   Store  that
gives you "Just what the
doctor  orders."     Nothing
more, nothing less.
Incorporated 18410
Head Office: Montreal, Quebec
CAPITAL PAID UP - - $ 4,700,000
RESERVE .... 5,400,000
TOTAL ASSETS   -     -     -      55,000,000
II. L. HOLT, President
IC. 1.. PHASE, Geuoral Manager
Accounts of Firms, Corporations and Individuals
Out-of-town business receives every attention.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.-Deposits of 81.00 nnd
upwards received and interest allowed at current rate.
No formality or delay in withdrawing.
A General Banking business transacted.
Cranbrook Branch: W. A. SCHWARTZ, Mgr.
IF Macdonald Wins
I will continue to t-ell the best
(roods (or tltO least possible priee.
will maintain the hiuli standard
of my repairing; will give the
public prompt anrl attentive service; will represent goods forjust
what tlioy are, nnd endeavor to
deserve a continuanco of the
generous favor of the people of
this community.
IF Caven Wins
I will continue to pell the beet
goods for tho leapt possible price.
Will maintain the nigh standard
of my repairing; will glvd the
public prompt and attentive service; will represent goods for jtist
what they aro, nnd endeavor to
deserve a continuance of the
generous favor of the people of
ibis community.
Jeweler   and
Graduate    Optician
i *
i; The Cranbrook Agency Co. |
o    no\ R.-.il   H.lAte. Insurance-  Employment I'lione   ♦
i •
i •
* i
t •
< l
< >
* i
Customs   Brokers.
is a Good Company
Hontl Office   WINNIPEG
CAPITAL   -   $2,0iii),iwo
Beale C& Elwell
If you have money to invest.
If you want to buy property
see our list.
If you want to sell property
list with us.
!! Apply to BEALE & ELWELL il
B. C.
Remember, Short the painter, docs
all kinds of enamelling and painting-
Mrs. H.   Sawyer, nf Mary.sville, is
in the city today.
Mayor Kink returned today [rom a
liusiiiess trip up the Win ile nne re Vallev as far as Canal Flats.
dust received a shipment ol hoys
and misses hockey hoots.—A. C, I've.
Both thc young and the old in
Criinhrook are enjoying tlieir lirst
chance at skating.
Large variety new toilet sets m all
colors, with or without slop jars, at
the Kink Mercantile Co.
P. Lund, ol the Crows Nest I'ass
Lumlier company, was down Irom
Wardner yesterday.
I-;. S. Homo, of the Kast Kootenay
Lumlier eompany, at -laffray, was in
the eity yesterday.
Got your order in heloro the Xmas
rush at Dave Small So Co., ladies
and gents tailors, Armstrong Ave,
The Canadian Order of Chosen
Kriesds are giving an "at home" in
the Carmen's Hall this evening.
Fresh hot house lettuce at Kink's
Pure Kood Grocery.
J. \V. Robinson returned yesterday
from a trip to Ited Deer and otlier
Alherta points.
Your house will he warmer if papered properly. Short has the stock
and men to do it right.
Horn—At Cranhrook, B, C, on
November 6th, 1009, to Mr. and Mrs.
Oeorge C. Brown, a daughter.
J. McAuliffe, formerly engine foreman at Crows Nest, has been transferred to Cranbrook.
Just arrived.—A full line of fancy
dishes for the Xmas trade.—J. Manning, the Cash Grocer.
Blue band dinner sets with Koyal
Grafton china cups at the Kink Mercantile Co.
Miss Mary B. Wade, ol Cranhrook,
ti. C, is taking a course at the Gar-
liutl Business college.—Lethbridge
The interior of jour home may
need a little paint to brighten it up.
Call up Short, he'll send a mechanic
at once.
City Clerk Ilobcrts, acting in the
capacity ot city assessor, is busy
these days making tlw annual assessment for the city.
A. Leitch, manager of the Kast
Kootenay Lumber company, is in
Spokane this week on business for
the company.
Grape fruil at Kink's Pure Kood
CJ rocery.
Manager .Schwartz, of the Koyal
Bank of Canada, and wife, are now
located in their handsome new residence on Burwell avenue.
FOR SALE—Small house and lot;
well fenced; north of hospital; price
MOO cash. Apply Box 36, Cranbrook. 31-4t#
The building formerly occupied hy
the Cranlirook Drug & Book company
is being relitted for the Hoyal Bank
of Canada.
McLaren's peanut butter at Fink's
Pure Food Grocery.
Born—At Cranbrook, IL C, on
Thursday, November llth, 1900, at
.Mrs. A. Bent's private hospital, to
Mr. and Mrs. George Nelly, of Wardner, a son.
Messrs. Pidgeon and Anderson,
proprietors of the hotel at Perry
Crock, have surrendered their lease
and will retire (rom business tbis
Flaked rice at Kink's Pure Kood
I .ast Monday night Key Citj
lodge, I.O.O.F., initiated a number of
candidates and enjoyed a most plea-
ant evening.
Pure fresh milk mul cream delivered every morning in sterilized
bottles. ' Telephone IOL W. J.
Atchison. 37-3t
White and gold china cheese dishes
lit Kink's Pine Food Grocery.
Superintendent McKenzie, of the
water works, has a lorce ot men at
work looking after the hydrants and
water pipes and putting tbem in
shape lot the winter months.
Oct your order in before the Xmas
rush at Dave Small & Co., ladies
and gents tailors, Armstrong Ave.
The members of the Conservative
and Liberal committees, realizing
that there Is only ten days before
the election, are busily engaged in
going over the lists and enthusing
Die faithful.
P. Woods & Co. received three
carloads of cattle on Friday.
FOUND— A gentleman's gold
watch. Owner can recover same on
application to F. Orevett, C.P.R.
stores. 37-lt
0. T. Rogers returned last Monday
from a trip to Vancouver, where
he went to complete business arrangements for his removal to that
city. He expeets to leave with Mrs.
Itogers some time next month.
MeClary's famous ranger and heaters at Patmore Bros.
Many school children suffer trom
constipation, which is often the cause
nf seeming stupidity at lessons,
chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets are an ideal medicine to give
a child, for they are mild and gentle
in their effect, and will cure even
chronic constipation. Sold by all
druggists and dealers,
Politics is thc whole subject of
conversation these days. But the
Dummy talks nothing but cleaning
and pressing. Come in and hear him
at Veits ARaison's.
The Conservatives of Fort Steele
gave a smoker last evening and a
large number from Cranbrook and
other points in the district attended.
About fifteen went from Cranbrook,
including the candidate, Mr. Caven.
They report a very pleasant time.
"Runners" for collapsible go-carts.
Bring along your carts and let us
fit you out tor the winter.—Patmore
Every householder and every business man should thoroughly Inspect
Ids premises and sec that everything
is safe for the hot fires ot winter. A
little carelessness may easily result
in a disastrous conflagration and it
does not help the one mnn to he
cautious in regard to fire when his
neighbor is extremely careless.
Prices cut in two on all lines of
hosiery this week.—A. C. Pye.
The attention of
Sawmill Men
is requested.
We want  you   to look into
tin- merits of the
The simplest and most radical
improvement in Files ever
Hardware Cranbrook, B.C.
Life nml Fin* Insurance - Ileal Estate
Ollice—Up stairs over Burns' Dry
(i-joils Btoro
Come in unit lut me quote you rates
Croup Is most prevalent during tbe
nry, cold weather ot tlw early winter months. Parents ol young
children should be prepared tor it.
All that is needed is a bottle ol
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Many
mothers are never without It in
their homes and it has never disappointed them. Sold by all druggists
and dealers.
Just arrived—A lull line ol lancy
dishes lor the Xmas trade.—.1. Manning, thc Cash (Jrocer.
E. 11. Small has made a valuable
addition tu bis natural museum at
tho Cosmopolitan hotel in the way ol
a magnificent white swan that has
been mounted by Ml*. Garrett, the
taxidermist. It' is a beautiful specimen and Mr. Small will have It
placed in a glass case so that the
leathers will be properly protected.
Genuine Gait coal at J. F.Perry's.
Leave   your order early.
Enquiries arc daily being made at
the Herald lor rooms, suitable lor
light housekeeping. Parties having
same to rent would do well to make
use ol these columns.
The Knights ot Pythias held a
very pleasant session last evening
and' nine candidates were given an
cxeiiijililicutioniinithe lirst degree. Al-
t*lte work ol the order was completed a luncheon was served and
everyone present thoroughly enjoyed
Lame back comes on suddenly and
is extremely painful, lt is caused
by rheumatism of the muscles. Quick
reliel is afforded by apply in-i -.muii
berlain's Liniment. Sold by all druggists and dealers.
M. A. Macdonald, the Liberal candidate, held a very successtul meeting at Wardner last evening. There
was a gooil attendance and he was
given a reception that augurs well
lor the result ol the poll there on
the 25th. Tonight Mr. M. A. Macdunald speaks at Fernie, in the interests of the candidature of Mr. A. I.
Fisber. Demands lor Mr. Macdonald's services have lieen received Irom
several outside ridings, hut with the
exception ot the Fernie meeting, Mr.
Macdonald will be unable to respond
i hereto. He (eels, and his committee concur in this, that he should devote thc remainder ol the short
campaign to his own constituency
mil [rom now on he 'will remain actively in the field, winding up his
winning campaign in this city on thc
night of the 23rd, when a bumper
public meeting will lie held in the
Winter is here! You'll need a cutter. To save monev see the shipment of new cutters VanWormer has
in stock.
The old, old story, told times without number, and repeated over and
over again lor the last 36 years,
but it is alwavs a welcome story to
those in search ol health—There is
nothing in the world that cures
coughs and colds as quickly as Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Sold by
all druggists and dealers.
Madame Meiba, the great operatic
prima donna, is billed to appear in
Nelson some time next year, the date
not having as yet been 'definitely fixed. This is an announcement ol
quite peculiar interest to all music
lovers and there will be doubtless
many residents ol this city and dis*
trict who will be desirous ot hearing
her. Arrangements lor this exceptional attraction arc in the hands
ot Dr. Arthur, ol Nelson, with whom
the music lovers ol this city should
correspond in tho matter ot securing
seats and special passenger rates lor
the occasion. Whilst it is somewhat
early to be making this announcement, it is felt that II arrangements
arc to be completed satisfactorily
lor accommodating the hundreds ol
outsiders who will be anxious to
hear Madame Mclba, preliminaries
cannot be too soon taken in hand.
Dr. Arthur will be pleased to provide any information required. The
intention Is to secure special round
trip rates trom points along the
Crow line. Madame Meiba will appear In the new public school as-
si-inblv hall, whieh has a seating
enpaeilv nt MMI, Tickets will run
limn S3 tn 15.
Winter is here! You'll need a cutter. To savo money see the shipment ol new cutters VanWormer has
In stock.
Don't   miss   this  opportunity   of  buying X
Fresh, Up=todate Ladies' Suits
It his always been our policy NOT to carry over any "Ready to Wear" Garments Irom   ♦
Season  to Season, hence our reason Ior making such Liberal Reductions.
Navy Venetian Cloth Suit,  Clearing price $15
Size 80.   Tin's smart suit is Tailor Mmle and well
worth $21.00
Brown Helton Suit    -     Clearing price $19.75   ♦
Size 'IS.   Collar of Corded  Silk. Coat  trimmed
with Buttons,   l'sual price $26,60,
Oreen Worsted Suit    -    Clearing price $19.75
Size 34.   Exceptionally smart and natty.
Usual prioe $26.00.
Navy Venetian Suit       -       -       Now $19.75
Size 88.   Strictly Tailor .Made.   Usual price $26.50.
Orey Worsted Suit      -      -      Special $22 50
Sizo 40.    Usual priee i.tj.bt).
Navy Striped Suit   ...      Now $23.75
Size 40.     Cunt lined with Hood Quality Silk,
Usttiil priee $80.00
Hisses Blue Serge Suit   •   Clearing price S9.75
To lit 1(1 years.   Usual price $15.00
will continue for one week more
25 per cent Discount.
FURS      -      FURS     -      FURS
Before buying Furs it will be to your
interest to inspect our stock.
Prices from $6.75 to $22.50
The Store of Fashion
1 ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ***********
Local Option
won't prevent you
from getting a
good skate
And' although   we  arn   not in
ealoon bueiiieee* yet we intend
seeing tlmt you have a skate on
that will last you a lifetime.
Skating Time is here and
We Are Here for the
Skating Time.
We  have   a   full    tine of   the
following well  known  -skates—
at prices from
75 cents to $4.50
per pair
Get out and do some pkating,
let the rich red blood of Canada
tingle through your veins.
where the ice iB
Pond below School
Alkali Lakes
The Marsh
Get   yourself   in   trim for  the
figure eights, etc , at the Kink on
X'mm Day.
:; Farm  for Sale, at Owner's   Price ;;
Mostly all Bench Land.   3 Miles from P. R. Station  ;;
HOO (teres fenced.       40 neres under cultivation.
2,000,000 feet of Lumber.
Small lake and lart:e creek on farm.
Price $10 per acre.    Half Cash, balance to suit.
640   ACRES
6 Miles from R. R. Station
00 acres uuder cultivation.    - acres in fruit, trees 3 year old.
Log buildings and plenty of t-ood water.
Price $10 per acre.
|| Fred A. Russell C& Co. ||
Next door to P. Woods' Meat Market
Silver Photograph Frames
Just received a lar^e consignment direct frcni the
factors—Styles to suit all fancies arid at prices untt.ov.n in
Cranbrook before.   Kindly call and inspect.
Our Xmas Stock is selling.
Be sure and call early to ensure a Iar*-e selection.
C.l'.lt. Watch Inspection
Cranbrook, Ii. C.
When a cold becomes settled in tlie
system, It will take several ilay*,
treatment to cure it, and the liesl
remedy to use is Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. It will cure quicker
than any other, and also leaves the
system In a natural and healthy
condition. Sold by all druggists
and dealers.
FOR SALE—One Sorrel horse,
a-?e seven years, weieht 1150; tour
hellers, aee 2 vears; one Jersev bull,
aire two years; one cow, aee three
vears. Apply E. Corbett, Cranbrook, B. C. Will sell cheap tor
cash. 32-H
Politics    is   thc   whole subject ot
conversation these days.     But   the
Dummy    talks   nothing but cleaning
and pressing.    Come in and hear
at Veits 4Ralso»'s.
WANTED—A (Cood general servant
Apply Mrs. Pinkham. 35-tl
If you   want   satisfaction   with
your washing send
it to
Special prices lor lamily work.
Billiken's Smile
Tlie Smile that won't come olT.       Look  in  my window
where  he is on exhibition  and  see what  lie says about
_ A.   L.   McDERMOT
^ ■ Wholesale   Win*   Merchant
Phono IT Cranbrook, B. C.
,,   PHONE 56
dol J Standard
Ids and Coffee
Sovereign Flour Makes Happy Horns.
• 1   (Quality counts -therefore we carry 11 laife it *ek of Heinz
Famous Pickles, Olives, Outsup, R< Ithe j. Suttees,
Prepared Mustard, e 0.
********************** **********************
I am prepared to supply you with
all the coal you require, Imt will insist on cash on delivery. We have
Id pay cash for our coal as soon aa
it arrives ami wo have to pay cash
Inr tin* freight More we. can unload
lintn tin- car. You can see this is a
cash proposition lor us, and while we
arc willing to help and supply all our
many customers, still we bave to
have cash to carry on our business,
so do not he olletrded if tho teamsters do not leave the coal if you
do not pay for it.
Thank inn all our friends tor    past
Yours verv trulv
fit" Transfer Co.
.'(-'(--'it W. K. Wordcn, Manager. THE  UUANBROOK   UXHALU
Maiolactmn •! ill kliii •!
CirkonatW Barertfei.
Titers are others, but I!
.     raoain p. 0.101 mi
i !
' *******Mm*mma**mtmtm*4**m********* **
**** **j*mm*wMn*****wm ♦♦
To my CuitomeM!
Get your wpplie* for Sunday before doting
time Saturdays. Don't be milled by the deliberate
LIE publimed in the Searchlight, you Cannot drink
at the Cosmopolitan Bar on Sunday.
• II you stop here aooe
} you will look lor
j the 'bus  when   you
♦ visit Calvary araia.
I Canadian Hotel 1
J3 One of the pioneer hoteli ot Cran- m
jjj brook.   Warm roems, good meals £9
53 and a har stocked with the best tg
* I
|Joseph Brault, Proprietors
The East Kootenay Investment Co.
P. 0. Box 46.      CRANBROOK B. C.
Phone 139.
If you wish to dispose of your
property, list It with us.
If you wish to purchase property
call on us.
We do the Real Estate Business
of the district.
Now MuiiBMui.ut luiptered in Every Way
Craakrook,  B. C.
Uur Motto : " Tli* Boat ia None Too Oood."
Manitoba Hotel
Headquarters for
The Manitoba in centrally Im-awd and list on. ot the best dinlnjcrooms
in th* city.   Tb. bar it .applied with tht bMt el Uquors end Cigars
•'-■      Ss? tots,
School, Shoes for
boys and girls must Le
made of .-tiliil leathsi—
sham won't do where
strength is essential.
Then, too, they must be
comfortable, foot-cotn-
forming, wear-resist-
ii g, weather-defying
shoes, f.u* the healthy,
hearty school boy or
girl steps on somethirg
besides carpet floors,
andtherefi re needs m t
the finest, but the be t
fittlngfind the best, and
year in andyean utym
will finil this in tt a
Ames-Holden i' :h ol
Shoes-Shoes be.it for
hard service,
im mn itrtiM ro*
* Conetruction ol railways urgently needed in   liritish Columhia to *
* be aided by grants ol cash or bonds and   by exemptions from taxa- ♦
* tion tor a  period ol ten years alter    completion, conditional upon: *
* (a).     Immediate commencement and diligent prosecution ol tlie work ♦
* ot construction,    (h).    Thc payment,   during constructiou  and the ♦
* period ol   exemption Irom taxation, to all   mechanics, laborers and *
* other persons who perform labor ia construction or on maintenance *
* or in operation, ol such wages as are generally accepted as current *
* lor competent white workmen in the   district in   which the work is *
* being performed. ♦
-*                                                                                                          ♦
* Provision for tbe extension ot special timber licenses to he made +
+ by tb. substitution tor the present tiniber   licenses renewable trom *
* year to year, granted on the lollowing   conditions: (a).    That ren- *
* tali and royalties may be fixed trom time tu lime.    (b).    That the *
* licenses shall be held subject to such regulations witli regard to   the *
* manuer of cutting and the preservation of the tiniber covered by the +
+ licenses as may be promulgated by the lieutenant-governor ia coun- ♦
+ eil. (c). That agricultural lands required tin* settlement may be +
•+ withdrawn from the operation of limber   licenses    by order ol the ♦
* lieutenant-governor in council alter reasonable notice has been given *
•j. to the licensee to remove the timber within the period of time lix- *
* sd by the order,     (d).    And that for thc    cutting and removal ol ♦
* such timber the wages paid shall be such wages as are generally ac- *
* c.pteil as current lor competent white   workmen    in the district in ♦
* whioh th. work is performed. ♦
* ♦
* Ths maintenance ol the  present reserve on the  unlicensed timber ♦
* lands ol the province until such lime as the    limber is required for ♦
* actual use, said timber at that time to be surveyed, and thc quaa- *
* titles having been estimated, disposed of by public competition from ♦
* time to tint, in suitable quantities, a reasonable reserve price being ♦
* find. ♦
* ♦
* Th. prosecution ot a vigorous   policy   ol    land   settlement; the *
* granting free to settlers on reasonable   conditions   ol residence  and *
* cultivation, suitable agricultural lands;   the    alienation    of other *
* crown lands under conditions which insure   their use; the making ol *
* surveys and publication ol maps and    reliable    information making ♦
* tb. latter readily accessible to the public. ♦
* ♦
* ♦
* The transference ol the power of levying and collecting taxes upon *
* personal property within municipalities Irom the   provincial govern- ♦
* ment to the municipalities in order to augment the inadequate re- ♦
* venues ol th. existing municipalities. ♦
»                                     SANITARY HI
* ♦
■S>     Rigid government inspection ol all places of human abode and the *
* enforcement of building, health and sanitary regulations so as to in- *
* sure, as far as possible, the safety of human lite, and to abolish +
+ and   prevent the deplorable conditions   now so    prevalent    in the *
* dwellings ol a large number ol undesirable citizens. *
* *
* ♦
+     Th. election ot all police commissioners and   license commission- ♦
* en in cities, towns and rural municipalities by popular vote. ♦
*  ♦
over the leased lines at the price
paid by Mr. Roblin , giving thc
province aa additional cash bonus of
■>1U,UU() a year tor the tlrst ten
years; $20,000 a year for each of tlie
succeeding tea years and 520,00(1 a
for the third term ol ten years. Iu
addition they agreed to pay the
salary of aa expert $5,000 a year to
judge between the Canadian Pacilic
and the province in these matters aud
further agreed to build certain speci-
lied lilies without aay assistance.
lt was calculated that under Mr.
Kolilin's policy, on the grain rates
alone there was a reduction ol $1100,-
000 a year to the people ol Manitdjbtt,
*10.000 on salt and J25.000 on cual.
In general it was considered that the
Canadian Pacific's Oder amounted to
twlil.uno ia cash annually. This
was a practical business appreciation
liy the C.P.R,, ol the direct advantage in Manitoba and tlte bold course
01 the Manitoba government lor the
risk involved wus wholly based not
only on tlie direct reductions hut on
the control of freight rates. The
risk involved in connection with the
-guarantee of tho bonds was ol course
that the rates died had tu allow
lhc railway earnings to meet lirsl,
tlio operating rxpeasrs and second,
the interest on the bonds as the
government would ol course in obliged to mako up tlie detlciencv.
The estimated value of the lines
onstructcd in operation by Hie tn
eminent ol Manitoba as security was
57,11110,000. The total guarantee in-
ltuiiiig the rentals of the leasiil line
amounted to $17,000,000, and the Interest charge was $000,000 a year.
A large portion of the road to
Lake Superior, as well as tho whole
of these lines ran through the grain
llelds ol Manitoba. The scheme
secured not merely a reduction ol
rates, but increased thc area ol land
lot* immediate results at great profit,
In this provinee wc are not without experience in guarantees. Wo
have already guaranteed the interest
on the bonds of two railways and the
principal and interest on a third.
In all cases, we are now paying the
interest. Mr. McBride proposes to
>i on committing us to the endorsement of the mountain section ol a
third transcontinental railway, and
after this work has progressed to
give further guarantees to Messrs.
.McKenzie and Mann for hranch lines
—and all this to promote competition! And ol course, regardless of
The short answer t-o this policy is
that if this transcontinental line' under a Dominion charter requires aid
and there is no risk to be Incurred in
a guarantee ol the B. C. end ol it,
why does not Sir Wilfrid Laurier
come to the front with Canada,s
guarantee? At Kaslo Mr. McBride
lold the people that the Canadian
Northern came to him with the re-
conimendotion ot Sir Wilfrid, who
had shown his faith in this railwav
by guaranteeing "1*100 miles ln the
west." Is it not possible that the
Canadian Northern railway have applied to the Canadian government already tor this guarantee and been
properly refused?
With these tacts, does any uni- st'g-
Rest Mr.   llorden could be persuaded
to urge a Dominion guarantee?
Yours laithlullv,
Charles Hibbert Ttupcr.
Nov 12, 1909.
(Continued [rom page one.)
"And also, as the honorable thc
"premier pointed out in the course
"of the debate a few days ago, Uut.
"ho hoped shortly to see the construction of the Canadian Northern
1 'railway from Kdmonton through
"this province down the Fraser val-
"ley into the city of Vancouver.
"Now, Mr, Speaker, when you consider that over S00 miles of railway
"have been built in this province
"since the government undertook
"the administration of its affairs,
"without a single dollar from the
"treasury of this province, it ecr-
"tainly is a record of which any gov-
"ernment might be proud. And
"therefore, you can quite understand
"while with that policv. without thc
"expenditure ol public monev, we
"have seen so much mileage built in
"this province, we have not considered it wise to depart from thc policy
"as laid down by us in connection
"with railway construction.
Mr. McBride three years ago in
civlng his testimony before a committee of the legislature when referring to thc G.T.P. said:
"If any road comes in, in thc fu-
"ture, it will have to pay its way.
"This is a pioneer road and you
"must understand that a pioneer
"road will secure advantages which
"will not fall to roads that come in
"afterwards. That has been the
"history of every transcontinental
"road that has ever gone into a
"province—for example thc Canadian
"Pacific Kallwav company and the
''Northern Pacific; why somo of
"these have been induced by large
"bonuses to come into a country
"while other roads have had to pay
"right through the nose for the privilege of following them in."
Tn thc short campaign now on, Mr.
McBride's attorney-general pave the
reason for refusing to guarantee the
bonds of the O.T.P. on a line from
Port George to Vancouver. lie
said: "We knew that competition
would force them to build to Vancouver anyhow." Was it not also
known that thc G.T.P. and Canadian
Northern were making every endeavor
to reach Vancouver at the earliest
possible date?
The Great Northern is here now,
and the representatives of all three
transcontinental railways during the
pnst summer have lieen spying niit
land nnd laving their plans. Tin-
government of this province cannot
delay   by a day tin   construction of
these railways to thc metropolis ol
the Pacilic—the Western Gateway of
Not a citizen ever suggested government aid to any of these roads
hot- did any board of trade nor any
individual apparently dream of makr
ing an oiler to them in the well
known continental race.
Under the circumstances, is it not
bewildering to learn that thc government in full control of a vast party
organization should spring upon the
people for immediate decision a proposition involving this province in a
liability unparalleled in the history
of the world'.' Consider not only the
physical conditions and oost of government but its pouplntion as well.
It is, of course, impossible to fully
thresh out thc serious features of
this wild and unconsidered bargain in
the time allowed.
The example of Manitoba Is held
up to us by Mr. McBride. Mr. Roblin in that case conferred with political friends, opponents and business
men generally, He tutored into no
secret agreement.
Tbe great question at that time
agitating Manitoba was that of
Existing lines traversing vast
wheat fields were already constructed
and in operation tinder the Northern
Pacific. It was thought the C.P.H,
might possibly acquire these lines. 'A
line to Lake Superior, a competitive
line was projected. Under these
circumstances entirely different from
ours a bold course was adopted.
What did it Involve compared with
n guarantee of $21,000,000 and $840,-
000, interest and bonds, for a line of
railway of (100 miles through thc
mountains and pontile] for the most
part to the O.P.R, system?
Not a single line is to be found in
the B. OT contract with reference to
rain's. Clause 4 deals with rolling
stock and it is significantly silent
on the subject of freight cars. Perhaps the Canadian Northern will
borrow them from the Canadian Pacific!
It was considered by the public
Generally that thc railway rates in
Manitoba were excessively high on
account of the Northern Pacific not
riving the relief expected. Mr. Rob-
lin's government prepared a draft
scheme. On the announcement of
this policy the Canadian Pacific railway immediately offered a reduction
of 'lc. per hundred lbs, on grain
charged; $.50 a ton on eoal brought
Into the province from l,ake Superior; $2.10 on salt brought Into the
province, local rates throughout the
province to he reduced 15 per cent.
That   railway    also offered   to take
TAKE NOTICE thut James W.
Blake, of Skookumchuck, B. O., occupation Farmer, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted
nine hundred and forty-nine (949)
chains east of the south-east corner
of Lot 6022, thence eighty chains
south to the north-west corner of Lot
338, thence forty chains east, more
less, to the Higgins purchase,
thence forty chains north, thence
forty chains east, thence forty chains
north, thence eighty chains, more or
less, to the point of commencement,
containing four hundred ncroB, more
»r leas.
James Blake, Locator.
Clement Hungerford Pollen,
Dated September 27t,h, 1909.    30-0t
(Continued Irom page one.)
W. A. Macdonald, K.C., ol Vancouver, followed. He dealt Hrst
with some ol tho remarks ot the
previous speaker, he then went on to
say that he would not make thc
speech he had originally intended 1*1,
or follow his notes, but just indulge
in a little conversational talk, The
ironical applause that greeted this
remark indicated clearly that the
audience reali'cd that Mr. W. A.
Macdonald had a wholesome dread of
Mr. M. A. Macdonald. Mr. W. A.
Macdonald then went into a long review of ancient history ot Manitoba.
Hy the time ho got down to tho
present railway policy ol the Mcllridc government quite a large proportion ol the audience had departed, not appreciating ancient political
Uut belore taking up the McBride
railway policy, W. A. Macdonald had
to have his crack at the Dominion
government, claiming that they had
made a had bargain In the matter
of the G.T.P. construction, although
he went on to enumerate thc great
financial benefits that had accrued to
this province as a result thereof.
Discussing the present Mcllrlde-Mc-
Ken/.ic and Mann contract, hu asked
his auditors to bcliovc that the prcv
luce would never lie called upoa to
pay a cent upon their guarantees. In
reference to thc statement that iu
the past experience of the province
-such was not the case, Mr. W. A.
Maodonald claimed that the loads
upon which the peoplo ol ihe province
were slill paying, were roads that
began nowhere and cit'led nowhere,
lie admitted that the proposed C.N.
It. would be a paralleling rnad, hut
claimed that it would develop local
freight and reduce rates. Mr. W. A.
Macdonald then went on to deal
with the first mortgage problem.
However, his remarks on this point
simply sorvrd to ompbasii.il the last
nf the province's liability. lie did
not touch at all upon the point
raised by Mr. M. A. Macdonald respecting the value ot thc company's
covenant, In view of their on'y owning one-ninth of their rolling stock
and that their road was mortgaged
all through and loaded up to the
hilt with debt. Instead ol meeting
Ihese common-place business questions, Mr. W. A. Maodonald went on
tn declare that the Liberals had no
faith in thc province and were opposing McHride's policy as thev opposed
tlie C.P.H. Curiously Mr. W. A.
Macdonald did not refer to tho opposition of the Tories to the G.T.P.
project, Irom which ho had previously
claimed the province had reaped so
great benefit.
W. A. Maodonald next adopted the
now customary practice ol Tory
speakers In this province ot ahusin.
the Liberal government at Ottawa.
He tollowed this up with an eulogy
of Premier McBride, descanted upon
the beauties of the province and Hs
immense      resources. Doubtless,
wisely, Mr. W. A. Macdonald preferred not, to discuss more In detail
lhc MeBride railway policy, reserving
Ills tote.**, on lhat subject Ior some
smaller (miilt where there may be no'
liberal sp-akor pioscnt to keep Mm!
to tin- facts. |
At tho close of the meeting cheers
were called tor Caven and given
somewhat feebly, ihis somewhat dis-
TAKE NOTICE that I, A. Doyle,
ot Fort Steele, U. C, intend to apply tor permission to purchase tho
lollowing described land:
Commencing at a pust planted at
the north line ol W. Carlin'a timber
license No. 23031, thence ill chains
north, thenoe 40 cliains east, thenco
20 chaius south, thence 10 chains
west to place ol commencement, 80
acres, more or less.
A. Doyle, Locator.
Dated this 12th day ol October,
1009. 81-9t*
TAKE NOTICE that Elizabeth C.
Cummings, of Cranbrook, B. C, occupation, Married Woman, intends to
apply tor permission to purchase the
following described land:
Commencing at a post planted at
the south-cast comer of Lot 8752,
Group 1, Kootenay District, thence
south 80 chains, more or less, to the
north boundary of Lot 341, Group 1,
thence westerly along said north
boundary 80 chains, thenco northerly
80 chains, more or less, to the south
boundary ot Lot 87S2, thence easterly along said south boundary 80
ehains, more or less, to point ot
commencement, and containing six
hundred and forty acres, more or
Elizabeth C. Cummings,
Dated 15th October, 1909.      33-9t
W. R. Be.tly. Funeral Director
Cranbrook B. C. Phone Na 89
Oppoeite L'.P.H. Ht ut ion
THE     PLACE    TO     GET    A
Repairing a Specialty
Aikens Block, Cranbrook
Any available Dominion Lands
within the Railway Belt in British
Columhia, may be homestcaded by
aay person who Is the sole bead ol a
lamily, or any male over 18 years ol
age, to the extent ol one-quarter section ol 160 acres, more or less.
Entry must be made personally at
the local land offlee for the district
in which the land is situate. Eatry
by proxy may, however, be made on
certain conditions by the lather,
mother, soa, daughter, brother oi
sister ol aa intending homesteader.
The homesteader is required to per
lorm tbe conditions connected therewith under one ol the lollowlng plans:
(1) At least six months' residence
upon and cultivation ol the land in
each year lor three years,
fi). If tho lather (or mother,
II the father is deceased), ol the
homesteader resides upon a larm in
the vicinity ol the land entered lor,
the requirements as to residence may
be satisfied by such persoa residing
with the lather or mother.
(3). II the settler has his permanent residence upon farming land
owned by hlm In the vicinity ol his
homestead, tho requirements aa to
residence may he satislied by residence upon the said land.
Six months' notice in writing
should be given to the Commissioner
of Dominion Lands at Ottawa ol in
tention to apply lor patent.
COAL—Coal mining rights may he
leased lor a period ol twenty-one
years at an nnnual rental ol $1 per
acre. Not more than 2,670 acres
shall be leased to ono Individual or
company. A royalty at the rate ol
Ave cents per ton shall he collected
on the merchantable coal mined.
Deputy ol the Minister ol the Interior. 29-20t
couraging outburst was tollowed by
a roof raising outburst of cheers for
M. A. Macdonald, an expression ol
opinion that told nretty clearly
where the majority ol Moyie electors
stand in this election.
The meeting was a splendid success
lor M. A. Maodonald in every respect. In thc first place it was not
his meeting, but one called In tho
interests ol the Tory candidate,
Tom Caven, and in tlio second place,
one ot thc star speakers ot the party
had been brought ln Irom thc coast
to speak lor Caven, yet despite these
seemingly adverse conditions, M. A.
Macdonald was splendidly received
and acquitted himsell In such a manner as to receive thc most cordial
treatment and the enthusiastic commendation ol the audience.
Banister, Solicitor, Etc.
CIENUliAI, Ntiusma
Mrs. B. Bent
Francis E. Corrison
llanilimistttr Omnbrunk Clly Uund.
CliiiiiiiiiiH'fr Klinx I'l'i-nli.vli'i'iiiu rii.
Iail*. I1.M. Uiu Jlnj.m.v'H llu.!ill Will-ill
Teacher of
Violin, Banjo, Guitar, Mandolin and Standard
PHONE ■11,11  •  ORANBROOK, II. C,
Lessons in Musical Theory
ORANBROOK,        •        B. O.
Miss Mabel Wellman
Pianist aod Teacher
Certificated pupil ol
(lnlir.'illi* Mi.lift til Wilitiipi-a
Miss Helena Harrison
Certified stmliiii
Turonli) Conservatory ol Btutlu
Miss Gertrude Jones
Special iitteiili'ui given to lieginiieni
lltii 4
Physicians and Surgeons.
Offlct at Residence, Armstrong Ave,
Forenoons - - - - 9.00 to 10.00
Afternoons - - - 2.00 to   4.00
Evenings .... 7.30 to   8.30
Sundays - - - - 2.30 to   4.90
CRANBROOK :i    II    II    II     B, O,
9 to 12 a.m.
1 to   6 p.m.
7 to   8 p.m.
Ollice In new Reid Block
CRANBROOK -       -       - B. C.
Cranbrook anil Fort Steele
j. a. cuMMiNas
TiiVo"*18 Cranbrook,B.C.;
B.  C.    and  Surveyor
CRANBROOK    ■     B. C.
F.C. Hwannoll, l>. L.S., 11 C. I.. H.
A. 1, Hohortson, II. C. 1.. H.
Dominion mnl British ColltinIda
P. O. Drawer 7113 VICTORIA. B.C
Graduate of Ontario Veterinary
College, Toronto, in 18(18.
Graduate and Meilnllist ol
McKillip's Veterfnary College,
Chicago, in 1U00.
Nine years' experience in
Veterinary practice in Manitoba.
OllktetCraaknek Hotel. THE   CRANBBOOK   HE ll A I.I)
■St*0fc*fU«A«« Ik
\jtrt *J^/Yn<mtii.«.^
Ladles' ami Children'* In Ih* luui :it
GontlomOlt*B uiu he obtained al
Fink Mercantile Co.'s Store
Does Not
Get Dull
Bu'bs (rom bent Em
ppon nndJapnti growers
Home grown'friilt nnd
nrtlMIlll'lltlll tlPOH
(innlt'ii. I'ii'ltl mul l-'ltiw-
ir S Ik
Wire Fe-u'itic ami Oaten
BprajltigiSIiitftliilH, lift-
1 io PageOaialoguo Free
3010 Wp-tm-ii-ti-r Rond
President: T. S. GlLl,
Secretary: (.eorub Abiiivuhtii
\ For inliirmntion regarding IuiuIh '
, and   agriculture   apply   to the
i Secretary, Cranlirook. 11. 0.
I Old Curiosity {
JOSEPH H   Mcl.EAN, Proprietor
llenlei in
All Classes of Secondhand (ioods
Furniture ol All Kinds, lvil>
New nn.l Becoitd.hnnil
Sage's Old Stand, Hanson Avenue
PHONE '-'•">I
The Loading l'rnlt8tom
spy,   HAi.li' in,  WAi.i.iiiuiiiii*:. I;
I'liomi lli Armstrong Ave.
Ask for Halcyon LITHIA WATEH
For lamily une thero in nothing
so wholesome ami sn pure an
Contractor and Builder   t
•' PLANS  I'UHI'AKKIl           ♦
i' I
• i II von un- liilouillng in *l" any •
j[   hitlldlng, yon iko money   2
|> I iv eiiiisilltint! willi mo.          ♦
Geo. R. Leask & Co
Our work is our advertisement, but vt*
put Uiih ml in the Herald to
emplii\-9i/,e it.
Near T.owor Armstrong Avenue
Wnldo,  B. C.
PAUL ST. JOHN, Proprietor
Bouth-eaBt Kootenay's Grout
Hummer Resort
Just the place to spoml it few
days' vacation
Bur stocked with the best
Dining -service lirst-olaas
Comfortable Rooms
PHONBflO. P.O. Hox307 ♦
The Finest Drivers t
Up-to-date Rigs f
Oood Saddle Horses ♦
KERR    ♦
URANIUM 'if. II I*    f
Nelson's Loading Hotel
Rooms with Hatha*.   'Phono in
every room
Harbor Shop on the premises
Thoroughly up-to-date.
Rates, $2 00 a day and up.
HBO. P.  WELLS, Proprietor
It. TOM KIN, Manager
hau moved IiIh LAUNDRY
mutt tn tlm ViirntiiKii UcHtniir-
mil, Vim Hnnifl Htmi-l, wln>rn
imtroiiM iiuiy hmve tlieir Iiiiiii-
dry, and whom nil IiimIiiphh will
be done.  Bent Laundry la R.l1.
LouiM and Van Home Streets
; ♦
-     The Bxpert Crown ami     -
Bridge Worker
Armstrong; Ave., Cranbrouk *
* *
f *
II *
• i    The Man who Shaves    X
:: «< x
will shave there
again. J
*      MENT AGENCY      ::
Men employed for all kinds ol *'
work.   We Holir.il. correspondence ''
' ' witli   mill  oporntors atul otliei* i,
other industries. ,,
• •
MDRES8:P. 0. BOX 232
Provenzano & Sacco
General Merchants
Employment Agents
CRANBROOK    -    B. C.
(By Iiiiii Watt,    M.D., Kurt Steele,
It is represented that opposition
to tho subsidizing of tho Kettle Valley railway and its extensions means
opposition on thc part of the Kootenays to a more direct connection
with the coast than the present
C.P.R, mute affords. It is notliing
of the kind. But tlie .scheme needs
innre explanation and defence than it
lias ve! received from thc leaders of
thc governmenl or fnun the government's apologists, This road is
nui in alliance, nor even in direct
connection with the Canadian Pacilic
nl either end. Not a solitary resident nf the Kootenays is opposed to
quicker communication with the
coasl ejties than we now have. Hut
this thing seems more like a scheme
In    catcll    votes   than      to rivo  tins
through connection. And it might
even be suspeoted that it w.is a dodge
lo  "Iiiiiii   up"     the  C.l'.lt.   and  Meed
iis treasury for the beneiit of unknown private interests. It is well
known to everybody tliat the C.P.R,
has for a long time hail in contemplation plans for this direct ennnee-
lion to llie coast with its Columbia
Hi Western branch; indeed this was
the announcement made during hia
recent visit to the coast by Sir
Thomas Shaughncssy. Has our government any assurance from Mr. Warren that be ean supply this connection in alliance with or through absorption hy the Canadian Pacific? if
nol, is this scheme any less open to
the charge of being a "paper railway" promoted hy "charter mongers" than thoso other projects which
McUride has so virtuously denounced
in order to justify liis throwing of
himself and the province into the
arms of McKenzie & Mann—the biggest charter mongers of them all?
The plea of justification for the
enormous subsidy offered to the
Canadian Northern by McBride, that
he was only following the example
of the Liberal government's o! Alberta and Saskatchewan, is a poor
one indeed when the facts arc examined. We Liberals cannot be
{though few Tories may lie) thus
easily    fooled. Although     it may
seem a compliment to a Liberal
policy to have it cited by a Tory in
justification of his own very generous
proposals, the cases are not in any
way similar. The Liberal government of the two prairie provinces
have not assisted in the building of
the MAIN LINK of the Canadian
Northern through these provinces—
and neither should this province so
aid it. The Canadian Northern
must lind an outlet on the Pacific for
its through trallic, and if it cannot
do that without government assistance, tliat assistance should be looked for from the government of tlie
Dominion ami not from a province
through which it would lie glad to he
given no more than a free right-of-
way. Thc wise principle upon
wliich the two Liberal provinces
east of the mountains have acted is
lo subsidize branch and development
lines as feeders for the benefit of
'local trallic. If that principle had
heen followed by McBride it would
assuredly have been less objectionable; it might even hnve been justified, had the series of feeding lines
lieen well selected so as to open up
lands lit for settlement, or rich mineral or timber regions.
But to pledge the credit of the
province for a generation to come in
order to give unneeded help lo a
main road which will open up to
Sot t lenient scarcely any new territory—and ihat little not rich In
natural weal tli—and which will
parallel an existing through road al-
i ih cltlciettvly uii fullv serving the
country through wliich it passes, is a
scheme so "wild and unconsidered"—
so mad—ihal every thoughtful man,
bo he Conservative or Liberal;
should consider it seriously before
supporting it. This is not a eon test
in wliich the mere success of a party
or its understood principles is in—
volved. It is a crisis in our aliairs
in which business acumen and far-
sighted consideration for the future
should prevail over thc usual petty
uus ni party fealty. The vital Interests ol our country are greater
lhan a parly victory.
Opposition to thc McBride method
ol bringing the Canadian Northern
into and through the province does
nol mean either opposition to Die
company itself, or opposition to its
coming into the province. Every
man who believes in the necessity of
railways for the development ot our
province will welcome the coming of
the Canadian Northern if it is to be
bad at not Ino great a price. But
the price agreed upon between Mann
ami McBride is surely in all reasonableness ol statement too great, lt
is more than our sparsely peopled
province dare undertake when its
vasl undeveloped areas are considered—areas rich in natural resources—
but which must remain long unserved
nnd undeveloped if this Mann-McBride
incubus is, hy u foolish devotion to
partj cries, forced upon us.
II is a sound principle that aid
io transcontinental railway lines
should come from llie government of
Canada as a whole and not from any
of the provinces through which they
may pass. That is the principle
upon which the'Grand Trunk Pacific
is very properly being built. It is a
principle upon the carrying out ol
which every province in the Dominion
stands to benefit by the construction
of this great road, and that al no
direct cost to themselves. Think
how greatly our province has already
benefited by the merely preliminary
work nf construction on the G.T.P.;
how much it will yet be benefited
during the remaining period of construction; and finally by its regular
operation and service through all future time. This ls how thc coming
of the Canadian Northern should
have been secured. Wc should have
offered them no more than the free
right of way through the province—
hardly that if the province was to
havo bad no voice in the selection of
route—as it has certainly had none
in the case of this MeBride folly
But speaking of the benefits the
province is already receiving from the
construction of the O.T.P., the question is a fair one, could those benefits have been in any way increased
by wise and friendly co-operation
wilh lhe Grand Trunk Pacilic and
with the Dominion government? I
think they could; and a vear before
lhe coming or the Grand Trunk., tlie
writer pointed out in correspondence
with the premier otic method by
which lie believed nnd still believes
tlm province would have la-en vastly
profited. That was by friendly action In the choice of route; of ocean
terminus; and of all future to wns ilea
along the line of railway. These
towiisites were m he held jointly bj
the province and the company, laid
out on a wise and liberal system of
survey, and sold—not tor the beneiit
of private speculators—but for lbe
present, and future profit of the province and railway. That profit was
tentatively placed at one-half t.i each
party, hut in certain casts it might
have been a larger share to the public than to the company. Can anyone .suggest a reasonable objection lo
this plan'' But it was not adopted.
Instead the government allowed tho
selection and purchase of the ocean
terminus la fall Into the hands ol
that coterie of "adventurers male
and female" whoso doings cause.I 10
great a scandal a few years ago;
and the province obtained only one
paltry dollar per acre for the site uf
a greal ocean seaport in the Hrst instance, and null .1 meagre onMourlh
oi ihe city lots—forced, how  upon     it    h\ a    statutory obligation,
which the'lilies in the" house and
nut of il     bitterly     opposed,  bul   arc
now    claiming,    among   imlnformi <l
electors, greal credit for its beneficial
results, as if these were due, not in
the stiiliite, bul to the government's
own foresight. Had the writer's plan
been adopted, however, we would
now he receiving one-half instead 0!
one-fourth nf ihe value of the citv
site. So with    the     site of  Korl
GeoTge on the Upper Fraser, which
unfortunately, is being exploited by
an outside speculative company-
most certainly lo the injury of Die
public treasury, and perhaps also to
the pockets nf distant purchasers.
Out on such statesmanship] And
out with the puny politicians responsible for this loss to the public
revenues—a loss lhat will yet reach
far Into the millions!
Kort Steele, B. C, 13th November,
How Gold Dredges Get the Gold
The t!«p hills and rugged mmmt.iim nf ih-s Klondike region cive
ti« lo nuinb-rrlc-u mi.tll tlrcami, wliich become bom time lo time
wilh the melling ol llie mow) the cloiidbuitti and heavy taim to
which lhe counliy ti lubjecl— 'aging lottenb,
The grinding ol the glacier) -and the crnnhn of thenc lutbulcnl
F'ri";iu luui'.; down rocli, tatid nnd gravel horn the mountain depth)
ond faslnetsci where man has never yet penetrated.
in a region where ledge* ol Gold-bearing Qrnrlz arc a prominent
feature in the formation, it U natural lhat llic^e force* of Nature ihould
tear away quantities of exceedingly rich material.
Thi) proccrs hai been going on for ages. Tiie hidden More) ol
Gold away in the hill) ere incinaUktible.
Thc rudi ol lhe loircal5 b 10 i.n^'.uous llir.t even bouldcti of
considerable tize aie borh-9 il iheir course, and only when Nature
I...* (pent hettelf do they find a tenlin;.; plice.
lhe broad cteetl■- lhc wider teachei of the river—quiet lhe
Dream, nnd thc Gold, in the form of nuggcti, graini and flakes,
rapidly telllet, Gt.ld is very heavy—heavier than the rock itsell. and
once il findi a restin-j place, lifts down dirou]h lhc light turf ace mud
■nd sand until, hy force of Gravity, it reachci bed rock.
Where llie courses of streams have been changed, lhe richest Placer
Mine) are found in their old bed). But in lhe U;;er, coiutant streams,
theie rich deposits arc beyond die reach of mi-rely human agendo,
ll remains fnr thc Gold Dredge—following the heavy nuggets
and panicles of Cold down thro-i ;h lhe overlying strata in lhe bars
ond benches ol the river, lo recover these stores of Gold from llie
treasure-house ol Nature
The long (iiiiii ol the Dredge, with iheir endlcs) chaini of bucket
icoops, (earth down, down—throu ;h sixty feel of waler, land and
(rrnvcl.il need be—until thc Gold sediment, and finally bed rock faclf,
olten overlaid with an actual coverlet of pure Gold—lhe hoarded
accumulation of centuries—ll reached.
1 he Gold Drcd;<e brings jp thii in.iini.il in wholesale ■■jiianiities j
—Ireits il wilh Kicntific accuracy to   save   lhe   finest   particles  ol j
value—Kpar.ilci the Irou—and (or thc first time layi bale lo the hand
11. man thii Virgin Gold.
While personally present on our property at Stewart River,
Yukon Territory, Klondike, Scolembrr ht, [ law with my own
eyei a clean-up from our first and smaller dredge, nelling $517.50,
and ihii wai preceded only a few dayi by another clean-up from
the lame dredge amounting lo $1283,66 in Gold. I uw this Gold,
calhered from the gold-saving tables ol our Dredge, moulded into
bullion—a tolid bat of Gold.
With iuch results in light, we arc bending rvry effort lo get twenty
of these mammulh Dredges al work on our property. This summer.
our second dredge went on—larger and monger lhan the first and it
already at work.
We control by direct lease from the Canadian Government, One
Mundied and I ive (105) miles of Dredgable Gravel on thc Stewart
River, eighty mila Irom Dawson Cily. in the Klondike. We have
tested lhc gravel thoroughly with Diills, and it hai been proven rich
throughout. As a matter oi fact, the site ol our holdings wai recognized,
even before the Gold Uuih in \W$, lo be rich in Gold-it is a
matter ol public record that the Gold is there—but so located ai lo be
difficult to oblain by any hand method. And Fifty dredge* could
not exhaust this area in a Hundred yean.
With a proposition so rich, the payment o( dividends and the
continued work ol development can caiily go hand in hand.
To hurry ihii work of development now, wc are marketing Treasury Slock in our Company. Three ihousand stockholder!, many of
them well-known in the Canadian country, arc alrcadv on our booki.
Thii neceuiiy for Capital-a Dredge coits upwards of $100,000
furnishes your opportunity to participate in a wonderfully rich venture.
Our Company is formed of lhe pick ol broad-minded busincs* men
—Governor Ojilvje, of the Yukon Territorv -known and respected by
the whole Canadian country, at iti head. It is economically managed,
with no salaried ollicials. no Bonds, and no Preferred Stock,
But the whole story is told in our illustrated Prospectus. The
Coupon will bring it to you. Thc supply .1 limited. Fill out and
mail the Coupon today.
Gold Dredges an making millions.
Yukon Bftitn Gold Dredging Co.,
Q* W. Clawton, Treas.
649 Somerset Building
Please send
ne. postage prepaid,  your large
illustrated Prospectus,
also free Booklet on Go.d
Winnipeg, Dredging, with full particu-
l.:rs  by  return mail.     it is
Cnnndft understood that! incurnooblig-ation
whatever in making this request.
Dear Mr. Editor; I crave the indulgence uf a little space to suy a
word or two lo the electorate on the
important issue now heforc us of a
plebiscite on a provincial law, (Uvin-|
communities lhe riglil to vole on
local veto of the liquor trallic. Let
it be clearly understood hy*uli lhat
this is not a vote on whether or not
local option shall obtain iu Cran-
brook nor in the province. It is
simply shall we give municipalities
and communities the right to vote
on the question of prohibiting or
permitting tho selling of liquor in
this locality aud introduce a by-law
on the question precisely as Uiey now
have lhe privilege of Voting on bylaws fnr local improvements, street
expenditure, municipal buildings,
waler works, etc. The question is
shall be say "Ves" to the giving of
places the privilege of submitting a
by-law to tbeir people on the question of the liquor trallic. This is
what the government wants to know
by this plebiscite—if it is the will of
,50 per cent of those who cast their
voles nn the 25th Unit a law should
be passed by the provincial governmenl giving individual communities
ami municipalities the right to vote
on the quest ion, whether or not
liquor shall lie prohibited or permitted in the community or municipality. Tliis is only the principle if
representative government applied to
tbis problem and permits peuple saying whether or not they want the
bar iu this community.' 1 have
found considerable obscurity on this
matter and thc obscurity is taken
advantage of.
Then be it noted Ihis i.s not a
party issue nt all. One may cast liis
ballot for either party and yet af-
lirm the principle of local option. It
may be said safely by un outsider
tbat the attitude of both candidates
and both leaders of tho parties that
tbeir attitude toward this question
is practically tho same, since neither
candidate, and neither government
nor opposition ean reasonably refuse
the legislation if fifty per cent of
the voters on the 25th vote for it.
Remember, voter, that the vote tor
local option will be on a separate
ballot and may or may not be
handed you when you enter the
booth. If il is not "offered to you
along with tbe regular ballot ask fnr
the ballot on local option, and mark
it at the same time as you mark
your ballot for the candidate and be
careful to deposit it in its proper re-
cop taclo.
The question of revenue mav LoMnr
some honest thinking people. It is
true, as has been calculated with reasonably fair accuracy, that Canada
receives a revenue of $16,940,219
from liquor. But the ramifications
of this trallic are sueh tliat it largely entails losses which offset this asset. Kor instance, thc people of
Canada pay $7ti,H(i7,tiI!) for the
liquor which would flow into more
profitable channels. $2,750,000 worth
of grain is thus destroyed. Then
tliere is the enormous loss of labor
through intemperance, which has been
calculated to amount to $60,516,077.
Besides this, al least 1,700 persons
bave their lives cut nil by Intemperance, which is a pecuniary loss of
at least $23,500,000, Consider als
lhe loss to lhe country ol the services of 8.IHI2 persons engaged in the
trallic, who would he otherwise employed. Then there is the cosl for
the Upkeep of the jails, courts, asylums, etc., which experience shows
prohibition greatly reduces. The balance, it is thus clearly seen, is really
far on the other side.' Whether or
not these figures arc accurate, at
least they suggest the enormous expense the trallic is to the Dominion
and show thai the revenue is really
no argument whatever. As Gladstone declared, "Give me a sober
population, not wasting their earnings in strong drink, and I shall
know where to obtain the revenue,
True, the liquor traflic puts a large
amount of money into circulation:
but the same amount would circulati
without the business, but through
other channels.
Most honest minded men will agree
that the intemperance situation    has
become so    pressing as to be intob
able, that something sbould Ite done,
and    local   option   seems   to be tin;
remedy that   rccelvefi tho   most general    approval.      Nearly     half    the
United    States   are    trying  it; Ontario seems    to   like it and so dor
Manitoba,   het     us    give it a fait
honest trial.
Voter, consider how domineering and
autocratic the trallic has become! It
is   a gigantic combine,    one of   the
most    powerful   trusts     on   earth,
which undoubtedly does nnt make for
the best humanity. It lias laid ils
iilighting hand on our courts of Justice, and arrogantly dictates legislation, lt is undoubtedly the cause ol
most of our unfortunate corruption
in politics, atui drags that noble
vocation in lhc mire. It musl he
curbed. Let not partyism obscure
Uie danger, nor selfish interest divert us from the wisest course to
Those who are iu the liquor business arc all riglil as men, many of
them are gooil-iieaned k-lluwfa. ...-,
111 the business not because they
like lu sec men tlruiik and homes desolate, hut simply because of Hie
almighty dollar, il is for us on the
45th quietly anil firmly to declare
for a law which will give tho pcopi*
the right to say whether or not they
hall continue lo make money ..1 ..
cost ol our manhood, our childhood
and homes. if local option carries
it will only force the eminently te-
spcctaclo hotel business apart " Irom
Lhe bar to he placed upon a sound,
healthy business basis like other nidations. We contend that thc liquor
people are making money at too dear
a cost lo the community and to the
Again let me say that this plebiscite is entirely a non-partisan affair
and the writer as well as all who
are interested in the success of loeal
option are uninfluenced by party considerations.
"1 have no harsh word to speak of
any person The liquor trallic is thc
awful heritage of a less wise, less
kind, and less enlightened pasl. Knits existence in this gentler age we
are all, more or less, responsible.
Let us combine to put it awav with
malice toward none, with charity foi
Yours truly ,■
Charles O. Main,
Pastor Knox Presbyterian Church
TAKE NOTICE that I, Harry
Eustace Boorman, of Cranbrook, ti.
C, occupation, Dank Clerk, intends
to apply for permission to purchase
the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at
the south-west corner ol Lot 810;i,
thenee north 14 chains, more or less,
to the Kootenay river, thence following said Kootenay rlvor to the
northern boundary of Lot 15, thence
east following tlie said northern
boundary of Lot 15 to thc point of
commencement, containing 20-acres,
more or loss.
Harrv Eustace Boorman.
Dated 17th October, 1!I0!).       82-0t
No. 1.
Notice is hereby given that 30
days after date 1 intend to apply
to tho Honorable Chiel Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
license lo prospect lor coal and
petroleum     on    thc   following     des-
ribfd lands, situated iu Block 45!»3,
South East Kootcuay, Province ol
British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted at
lhe north-east corner of Lot No.
7002, aud one mile cast of tho six
mile post on the C. P. R. survev
line, and marked Peter Peterson's
north-west corner post, thence 80
chains suuth to the north-west corner post uf Lot No. 7001, thence 80
cbaius east, thenco -SO cbains norlb,
thenco HO chains west to place ol
beginning and containing UIU acres.
Peter Peterson, Locator.
Located September 23rd, 1!W9. 31-ti*
No. 2.
Notice is hereby given thai
days after date I intend to apply
to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
license to prospect for coal and
petroleum ou tbe following described lands, situated in Block 4593,
Suuth East Kootenav Province of
British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted a;
the north-east corner of Lot 7001.
and marked .lohn Anderson's southwest corner post, thence north so
cliains. thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, to place of beginnm* containing 640 acres.
John Anderson, Locator,
Peter Peterson, Agent.
Located September 23rd. 1909. 31-6*
Crbsi bnt Lodge No. '.VA
Cranbrook, B, C.
Meets everv     Tuesdav at 8 p ra.     at
Fraternity Hall.
George T. Smith, C. C.
.1. L. Walker. K. of K- & S.
Visiting   brethren   cordially  Invited
to attend.
.I.O.O.F.    Uy Clt) .'Lod|t
No.  42. Meet* t*if
Monday    night    at
New     Fraternity    Halt.      Sojourn*
Ing Oddfellows cordially Invited.
C. R. Ward. W. S. Hall,
N, G. Sec'y.
inithroflk Lodge, No. ii
A. P  S *. ■+,.
Kegmai Oieetingi ua
tke thud rhumdan
ol   tflff   rouBLt.
VtiltlnR brea.-Hi welcomed.
Vi. H. Wilson. W. M.
E.  W. Cunnully, secretary.
Cranbrook Aerie  967
Meet every   Friday     evening at 8
-ru . ia Carmen's Hall.
F. W. Reeves, W. P.
Wm. Anderson, Secretary,
Visiting brethiea cordially  inviied.
TAKE NOTICE that Harriet Cummings, of the City of Fernie, in the
Province of British Columbia, Widow,
intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described
Commencing at a post planted
twenty (20) cliains west ot the
northwest corner of Lot 0030, Group
One (1), Kootenay District, thence
west twenty (20) chains, thence
nortli thirty (.iO) chains, thence east
thirty (.'JO)' chains, thence south ten
(10) chains, thence west ten (10)
cliains, thence south twenty (20)
chains, to point of commencement,
and containing seventy (70) acres,
more or less.
Harriet Cummings,
By Iier   agent,    Alfred   Cummings.
Dated this 3rd dav of November,
A.D. 1909. 33-9t
TAKE NOTICE that Allan G.
Wilmot, of Jaflray, B. C, occupation
Accountant, intends to applv for permission to purchase the following
described land:
Commencing at a post planted
the northerly extremity of an island
in lhe Kootenay river, located about
20 cliains south of the north-west
corner of Lot 311, Group 1, thence
southerly following the west side of
the said island 80 chains, thence
east 10 cliains, more or less, to the
east side of the said island, thence
northerly along the east side of the
said island 80 eliains, more or less,
to the place of commencement, containing 30 acres, more or less.
Allan O. Wilmot, Locator,
Imt Edgar S. Home, Arrent.
Dated 10th October,  1909.       31 9t
No. 3.
Notice is hereby given that 30
days atter date I intend to apply
to the Honorable Chiel Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following des- [
cribed lands, situated in Block 4593. |
South East Kootenav Province of
British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted    at
the    north-east    corner post of Lot !
No. 7001, and marked Martha Hod's
north-west corner post, thenco south
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence west
80 chains, to nlaee of beginnjnf containing 640 acres.
Martha Hod. Lozator.
Peter Peterson   Airent.
Located September 23rd, 1909. 31-6-
Meet at B. of L. K. Hall 2nd   and
ttb Saturday each month.
Visiting brethren always  welcomt
Abel Horsman, W. M.
Jos. Wallace, Secretary.
No. 19.
Meets every second   and fourth Wed-
li'-'-d-^y at Fraternity Hall.
Sojourning Rebekahs   cordially invited,
L. M. Tannhauser, N. G.
Mae Chapman, Secretary.
No. 4.
Notice is hereby given that 30
days after date 1 intend to apply
lo the Honorable Chiel Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
iiceuse to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following described lands, situated in Block 459S,
South East Kootenay, Province of
British Columbia:
Commencing at a post planted one
mile east from ihe south-east corner
of Lot No. 7001, and at the southeast corner of Martha Hod's claim,
and marked M. Robinson's northwest corner post, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thenco
north 80 cliains, thenco west 80
chains, to place of beginnine, containing 610 acres.
M.  Robinson,  Locator
D. S. Robinson. Agent.
Located September 23rd, 1909. 31-6»
Notice is hereby given that 3d
days alter date I intend to apply
to the Honorable Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a
license to prospect tor coal and
petroleum on the following described lands, situated in the
district of South East K oo-
tenay, Province ot British Columbia:
Commencing at a nost planted at
the south-east corner ot Lot No.
6993. and two miles east ot the 12
mile nost on the C.P.R. survey line
and marked M. Rongard's south-west
corner post, and north and adtacent
tn Lot No. 6990, thenre north 80
chains, lo tlie south-east corner of
Lot No. 0995. thence east 80 chains.
Ihenee south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains to nlaee ot beelnnine. con-
talnlng 640 acres, more or less.
I/Muted September 29th. 1909.
32-61* . Rongard, Locator.
OF chosen FRIENDS,
Meets First and Third Wednesday ol
each month in Carmen's Hall.
Visiting   friends   cordially  invited.
E. V*. Connolly, D, Gumming,
C. C. Recorder.
Presbyterian Church:;
Sunday morning service at 11
Sundav    evening     service   at
7.30 o'clock
Sunday      School   and     Bible
Class at 3 o'clock
Presbyterian    Ouild. Tuesday,
at 8 o'clock
A.At***^^. 4AA14AAA4AA a i*>*i*ii*>
^Baptist Cburcb;
I'astnr, Charles W. King.
Parsonage, Nortiury Avenue.
'Phone, 281.      1J. O. Box 267.
Regular Servieps:—Sunday, 11
a.m.     and    7.30   p.m.;    Hitile
, School    with     Young   Ladies'
I'liilethea    and    Young   Men's
llilile Class, 3 p.m.
Wednesday, Mid-Week Meeting,
Friday,   Young    Peoples',   8
, p.m.
A rordial   Christian welcome
Baker Street, CRANBROOK. B.C.
You Can't Better the Best
You may scour the  Clothing Markets of the  country
and you will not find anything better than
But the Best can improve tlie
Best—that's just what we nre
doing. Our Fall lino of
is thu best we have ever shown—
more extensive, handsomer, and
best in every way.
We Keep The Quality Up
From $10.00 to $35.00
From $8.00 to $35.00
Neckwear - Neckwear
Most young men are particular
about tlieir  neckwear and  to
them we devote much of our
Results have proven our
supremacy in this
From  75c.   ■   to   ■   $1.50
The Ulster
is This Season's Swagger
As an all round serviceable Over,
coat this heavy ulster appeals to
young and old alike by its stylish,
well balanced proportions, light
and easy wearing qualities, and
best of all by its ability to keep
out the raw cold winter
We Keep The Quality Up
From $10.00 to $35.00
From $8.00 to $35.00
Collars   Cuffs   Shirts
The Quality W. 0. & R. is too
well established to need
We   have   a
large range to choose
from in all prices.
From $1.25   -   to   -   $3.50
Gloves Gloves Gloves
Our stock ol Oloves is the most
complete yor will find
in town.
Every style   Every size   Every color
The kind people want
You can be assured that they are all
we promise them to be
From $1.25   -   to   -   $4.50


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items