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Cranbrook Herald Jan 2, 1913

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Array fi
We are well equipped tu
turn out the beat rhist*
of work.
(TRANiUtooK.   BBITI8H   OOLUMriri..  TlltMlSuAY. JANTJAHY B, 1013
NO. 1
Forme, B. C, Dec, 31.—A heavy
snowsllde struck the Coal Creek
mines of the Crows Nest Pass Coal
company at 7.15 o'clock Monday
mornlug, carrying with it the carpenter shop, In which twelve men
were working, six of whom were killed and six severely injured and some
of them very seriously injured.
The death roll is as follows:
■las. Buckley, Fcrnie.
Harry Neill, West Pernio.
Alex. Worthington, foul Creek.
I). Itosario, Fernie.
D. Naslyc7.uk, Coal Creek.
T. Kitenarv, Coal Crock.
Archie Nicholson, Fernie, back injured.
Percy Jones, West Fernie, injured
back, pelvis and perhaps internal injuries.
Fred Piatt, West Pernio, loot frac-
sured and dislocated, wound on face.
Sam Cardamoni, Fcrnie, shoulders
fractured and back injured.
Tony Seercreti, Coal Creek, fractured leg.
George Michel, Coal Creek, leg injured.
Walter    Campbell, Fernie, slightly
Coroner H. A. Wilkles has impanelled a jury and the inquest will be
held as soon as the government can
be beard from.
The slide of snow was kin feci in
width when it struck the carpenter
shop of the Crows Nest Pass company, neat the northern end of the
big   steel    trestle.      The avalanche
v»7 « ----- - —- ■ ^burst upon the shop so quickly   that
most insurmountable difficulties to officer of the Royal Guard in St. t m!m in the buildi,lg ' WM
the individual farmer in clearing Petersburg, was arrested in Moscow I caught( no warning Bound having
draining or   otherwise    starting   or   (n the fall   of 1903, while participat-  preoee(jPd its advent.       The electric
,.*„ n   a ,  „„ „    j.^ wires supplying light to the of-
Victoria, Doc, 30.—Tho facilitation
of land settlement and the development of the agricultural industry and
the home production of load essentials within British Columbia formed
the text ol representations made, to
the provincial executive by a special
committee of the Vancouver board of
trade, which included Messrs. A, B,
Krskinc, president of the commercial
body iu question; S. 11. A. Stone
and W. A. Blair, respectively chairman and secretary ol the board's
land settlement committee; W. H.
Malkln, A. C. Flumeifelt, J. B.
Mathers and Professor E. Odium.
The deputation was introduced by
Mr. Charles E. Tisdall, M.P.P., who
spoke briefly in introducing the
spokesmen of the special committee,
Mr. Erskine, Mr. Stone, Mr. Mathers, Mr. Malkin, Mr. Flumerfelt and
Prolessor Odium. At the conclusion
ol the interview the visitors left
wjth the prime minister a memorandum covering the recommendations.
./There are two great changes   that
further evident that even with        a '
cleared farm a fail    prospect ol    re- ,
turn for labor expended is impossible '
without   not only good   main roads
hut   also reasonable , transportation
facilities to reach u market. Settlers
iu the Uotiboo,   t'liiliotin, Sqiuunish,
Pomberton Meadows and Fraser.Valley, even at Langley, bear testimony
i these facts."
Mr. Mathers, following, devoted
himself briefly and exclusively to the
recommendation in clause 13, with
respect to governmental encouragement of the establishment of coast
fishing sestlements. This was in
strict accord with British Columbia
sentiment on the naval question, and
should be the means of establishing
on our coasts a fisherman population
that would be a very important factor in national self-defence.
Replying to the represe}i tat Ions of
his visitors, Sir Richard McBrlde referred in gracefull terms to his and
the government's lull appreciation of
the pleasant relations existing between the administration and the
government -which were always ol a
most friendly character and appreciated as distinctly helpful.
vie    particularly   and earnestly urge .
upon    you, sain     Mr.    Stone, chief \   Edmonton.   Alta., Dec. 81—Bmlle
speaker.    One is' the clause which re-  Pctronovitch, a political exile, whose _   n_i_
commends that all agricultural lands   sensational    escape    Irom   the salt  injured
be withdrawn from sale except under   mines    at   Saulritz,   Siberia,    was .   	
binding improvement   and settlement   the talk of   two continents, recently
conditions.    The necessity of   some
thing being done   and done   quickly,
to encourage   settlement is too well  of the
known   and    exhausted a  subject to police
need dwelling upon.    We venture   to
ttribute this   lack of farm develop-
.nent to the three following causes:
(1) Land speculation; (2) the    al
has come to Edmonton to make    his
home in the north   country.   Officers
third section of the Russian
r«...v    followed him  to the eastern
states and did not abandon the chase
until the former prisoner landed    on
Canadian soil.
Pctronovitch, whose father was an
otherwise    — „  ^
extending    farming   operations, and j„g a, ., sf(.rct meeting of students
(3) the general    need of transporta ana K0S    ta^^ i0   Siberia, where,
tion facilities   for reaching a market according to his story, lie and      his
for produce. fellows suffered unspeakable cruelties
"As regards   thai of land spcculw at the hands of the guards. His lace
tion,   a    few   minutes' walk around anu bmiy Hl40W the effects ot slashing
real estate centres, or talk with real
estate men, will convince you, II
conviction be needed, of the enormous
quantity of agricultural land in the
vicinitv of towns or possible tawns,
of harbors or possible harbors, In
the track of railways or possible
railways, and therefore the mOBl
desirable lands for agriculture have
been taken out ot the farming level
and raised to the dignity of lot*
and high-priced acreage. The larmoi
Is diverting his attention to the real
estate market and to the disposal ol
his holdings. Lands In the path or
the probable path ol to Pw™
(treat Eastern railway, which is the
first railroad ever built or i-onlem
plated   In   lllc Interest "I     the com
meree ol British Columbia, are h g
eagerly  secured lor  speculative    put-
poses, to the detriment ol a     lend
settlement policy, anil it persisted "'
will considerably   dimmish the bem
fits which we should derive from the
government assisted railway.    I'esn
able lands neai    the tonal are nclug
secured   In   coiuldernblo blocks and
the outlook loi the pre emptor teems
more hopeless   anil    remote through
this  loss of government com ml    ol
the choicest liiliils War In transport
ulton "
In response to  an Intorleotcd qi -
tion Irom the prime minister, Ml
Stone intimated that in the opinion
„l the committee many phecs ol de
nimble land were hold as proOroP
lions which wcro In reality held loi
purposes ol speculation. The govern
ment should name nn oftlelftl who
should exercise authority to examine.
taMi the status ol such hoiilinss and
cancel those adjudged to he held
with   the   knout.       lie said among
other things:
"The chances of escape after getting out of the mines was hazardous
in the extreme. The country is a
barren waste and every man Is an
enemy, but an exile will not hesitate
to take chances.
'"1 was assisted in escaping from a
living death by some of my fellow
prisoners the night before sin of
lliem were led to the gallows to expiate a crime they had not committed, ami returned to Moscow,
where I was placed in hiding bv
friends. Some time afterward I
went to France and the first man t
met in Pans was Solnski, the most
feared police oiliciul in all Russia.
"lie followed me to Liverpool and
London When 1 sailed for South
America, landing in Buenos Ayres
five weeks later, Snlaski was there
appealing for evlraditlon papers.
Thence 1 went to Cuba with the ehlel
ol Hie third section ban! on tny
trail. Solaski followed me to New
York, Boston, Philadelphia and only
left when I landed in Montreal.
"The iainlly estates were confiscated in order ol the Czai alter my
nrrest and two yenrs nltetward my,
lather and mother died 1 shall setul
lor my sisler, who was exiled to
Fiance under penalty of liie impris
oniiient II she returned to Russia."
flees and other buildings being in the
path of the slide gave the first warning to those outside the shop by
ceasing to do their duty, and a rush I
of men Iron, all directions was soon j
upon the scene and rescue work began '
immediately. Five lifeless bodies
were brought out and one, that ol
young Worthington still showing
isigns of life. A pulmotor was used
for some time vigorously hut without result; this made a total of six
fatalities. Six other men are all
severely and some very seriously injured, were also recovered Irom their
snowy coverings and are now either
in the hospital at Fernie or in their
Ottawa,   Dec.   ill -That   the year
iiu , now closing hnx heen    one of unex-
liv ! ampled prosperity has been shown by
1 figures of Canadian trade for      thai
Hpeculators. J "* t'0[,     Thc ftRgWtc will be
Hcfi^utl ttni. cxceXy ' billion dollars' worth, which creates
Hon of such a suwstinn as bad been
put forward would provoke a storm
ol protest. Incidentally, he could
inlortn Uiobc present that It was
lion. Mr. Hoss' Intention shortly to
appoint an inspector ol homesteads.
The government wan doing what it
couW to sec that, pre-emption requirements were adhered lo.
''Lands for pre-emption," said Mr.
Stone, continuing, "with slight exceptions arc without bridges, roads
or transportation facilities, and
therefore lack those essentials without which farming cannot be successfully prosecuted.
"Regarding thc dllUculttcs of land
clearing and the absence of transportation facilities, it is abundantly
evident that the expense, delay and
laborious worta of clearing and    pre-
443. February saw nn increase ol
one million, while by March it had
jumoed to $83,000,000. Thc increase
throughout the   summer was steady,
An Interesting description ol the
scope of the training institution for
iSalvation Army officers which it is
hoped shortly to erect in London was
given recently hy General Hramwell
Booth. This "university ol humanity" is to cost $1,000,000 and will
accommodate two hundred men and
three hundred women. According to
present plans, the college will consist of a collection ot simple buildings holding fifty inmates each and
grouped round B central building in
which will he a kitchen, dining-
rooms, and lecture halls. Members
of the college will do all domestic
work except that a cook or two will
lie employed.
Training will ho both educational
and practical, Future officers will
be taught the elements ot history
and geography, the principles of religion and of army organization, in
addition to a knowledge ot shorthand
and accounts. Practical training
will include active work In the
Blums, at the siehtor and homes, and
in prisons and hospitals.
A year's course at college will, it
is believed, give men and women an
insight into slum life that wilt enable them to continue the good
work. The college will be open to
foreigners, who have been deputed by
army representatives abroad on    ac
(By A, K. Watts-).
There are only two reasons why
ordinary justice is not granted to the
only unprotected Industry in Canada,
and both reasons are the Immediate
results of fear.
First, trie politicians, who really
do not understand all the complexities surrounding the question, labor
under an indefinable fear that the
granting of common justice to a
suffering industry will mean loss of
votes, thereby loss of power and its
attributes which arc sweet.
There is reason for this fear and it
should he analyzed and the antidote
found. The analysts will he painful
to two classes, the political trickster
and his more than equal in guilt and
deception, the cfass of men, who are
tew, but arc and will be extremely
powerful until truth shall strike and
shatter their rotten foundations,
which are based on misrepresentation, fraud, base injustice and ah-
rolute robbery.
The first two charges built up the
prospectuses of certain concerns who
obtained thereby millions from- innocent investors, some have already
made the name of Canada stink in
the nostrils of investors in the financial centres of the world, and the indications are that some of the greater culprits will ere long do even
greater damage to the credit ol Canada. I'.xperts iu the trade know It,
but few dare tell it, dreading, as
tbey do, the mighty power of the
huge sums of capital under the control of unscrupulous men. Hy fraud
the huge sums ol capital were obtained, and hy base injustice and
robbery attempts are made to wring
the wherewithal to pay dividends on
the imaginary value of watered
stocks and bonds, the aqueous nature of which has .been the subject
matter of debate- tn the house ol
The most glaringly false state
men Is are made as to the earning
capacity of Canadian sawmills during a time when the Canadian mar- I
ket is inundated with American lumber, sold at much below the cost of
Some of the guilty coric&AS make
strenuous attempts to inuke good by
opening up retail establishments, and
by virtue of enormous capital they
crush out or absorb old retailers. In
I some districts success attends their
unholy efforts, then commences the
injustice and absolute robbery ol the
poor settlers on the plains, tho inal
odor raised clings to the honest manufacturer and all are counted
amongst the robbers of the poor. In
large centres these huge concerns
cannot extirpate competition, and
they sell goods at one half the price
charged to the Isolated settlers in
rural districts.
The writer dares any lumber trade
journal to publish the foregoing. It
would mean the loss of high priced
advertisers. The honest manufacturer dare not criticise the huge concerns controlling many hundreds or
retail yards, tbey would ostracise
Under these circumstances Is there
|any wonder that political heelers on
inrOUgnoUl me    huimiudi   "*™ -™—" ; nun)   m!|piwwi»»w'*"	
and October reached the total       ot cmml 0f their special aptitude.    The
living   expenses   ol    tliese strangers
will be covered by the local organlz-
$101,277,400.       November     figures
now being computed, will go three Wlll nB Ku,WOT UJ «..« .««•• ~-n—
million ahead ot this. The grand ntions that sent them, and they will
total to November 1 was $821,723,- |oHaw the same course of training as
847, and as stated, the total ot   the   tne others.
calendar year will be a billion. Oood    results,   the general added,
x | could only be obtained by the    ser
vices ol    competent men and women.
At present the small training college
Ther. max. Dec. 4, 40 degrees.
Ther. mln. Dec. 21, 6 degrees below.
43 degrees.
both sides seize the opportunity of
making political capital out of oppression and robbery committed by
these huge concerns who have obtained enormous sums of capital by
false pretenses and pay fictitious dividends from capital account, in
hopes of establishing a permanent
method of legalized robbery on the
poor struggling settlers of the
A fair analysis of the situation
will show that the struggling, lionesti
lumber manufacturer has interests
Identical with his brothers who produce the necessaries of life on the
The searchlight of publicity, the
educator and elevator ol the masses,
is hated hy the guilty manipulator,
he does not want the pros and cons
debated on the floor of the house ot
commons. The truth which would
he disclosed would be cabled lo t'>e
financial centres of the world, and!
his vocation, as a robber of widows
and orphans by his fairy tales of
enormous profits, to he made by
robbing the toiling farmer of the
west, to whom he boasts of selling
80 per cent ol his goods, would lie
gone (Wevcr if the truth teller gels a
fair sbo#. Nemesis, the goddess of
vengeance, fce knows will quickly follow.
1    CetWin political heelers in      high
at headquarters can receive only 250  places, benefit and iu collusion   with
out ol the 4,000 candidates who    ap- ', certain   interested     parties, wield
ply annually lor admission.
club over uoiriuioti sense ami Justice,
iblinding the latter und preaching
sedition against her to the detriment
of one of the most important industries of Canada
i   Publicity is the only antidote,  the
'cure JV* of   oppression  and    roll-
£ X & li'VS  be-1   Prlnc, Albert, £*., Dec 30.-T*
''"*■  '■""•""• " ,.rault nf lire rwnt bvc-fl(*tlon      In     „„„ ,	
pie^roptiOM to this province.    It i«-l ibebet. «■ I" w "
There have been so many references
recentl) to^Qeo. E. Foster's speech
parliament on March 39, 1909,
supporting the proposal that a Canadian navy should be established that
the Herald, for the public information, herewith reproduces the essential portions of this speech, tn which
the reasons for such a navy are tiset
forth with extraordinary clearness.
At the present time, when, the possibility or desirability ol a Canadian
navy is being attacked by Mr. Foster's colleagues, this deliverance is
well worth a careful reading. Mr.
Foster said:
"The first and greatest objection
which I have to a lined money contribution is that it hears the aspect
of hiring somebody else to do what
we ourselves ought to do; as though
a man, the father of a family, in
| lusty health and strength, should pay
his neighbor something per mouth
for looking after the welfare and
| safety of bis home instead of doing
that duty himself. Thai seems to
me, when you work it out, to he a
[basic objection to Ibis form of aid.
It goes still further than that. Suppose you contribute this year your
sum, the next year yout equal sum,
and thereafter year alter year. After
ten or twelve, or twenty, or thirty
years, you will have paid out an immense amount ol money. You will
have been protected iu the meantime,
but in Canada itself tin-re wilt be no
routs struck, there will be no residue
left, there will be no preparation of
the soil, or beginning of the growth
of the product of defence. Vet sometime or other, no one can doubt
that, with resources and with a
population constantly increasing, we
must and will have in this country a
naval force of our own for our own
-oast and home defence.
"The interest we take in a contribution spent by another is not the
interest that 1 desire for Canada. I
want to see something grafted on the
soil of Canada's nationhood, which
takes root and grows and develops
until it incites thc spirit of defence
in this country, leads to a participation iu the defence, leads to that
quick interest in ii, its glories, its
duties, and its accomplished work
which is alter all the one great thing
that compensates a people for great
expenditures, either on land or on
sea, in the way ol defence and of the
maintenance of the rights of the
| country.
Again, it disjoins what has been
joined together from the earliest
days of the world's existence—commerce and the protection of commerce. Alter all, the basic idea of
a naval force is the protection of the
commerce of a country. A commerce sale by side with its protector, and its protector side hy side
with the growing commerce of a
•ountrj, llourish best together, and
are the surest helpers lo each otner.
That is the idea which is tn my
mind—that when we make our contributions in ihe way ol a lived
sum and it goes from us, and we are
not responsible lor it, we have none
ol the Inspiration arising from the
growth and development of ,, system
of future defence in our own country,
We are deprived of the larger benefit
ourselves, and lo the future we do
no greater service to ihe empire of
which we form a part in this matter
of defence.
"Then, again, I think this method
ignores Hie necessities and the aspirations and the prospects of a great
people, such as the Canadian people
are destined to become, We must
have beginnings; these must at first
be small; but sometime or other, as
1 have said, our country will have
its naval force lor the defence of this
country if for nothing else. The point
with me is as to whether-it is not
the greater wisdom to sow thc seed
at once and cultivate its growth as
best we may, in our circumstances
and with our resources, until at last
we arrive at that stage of expansion
which we have reached in the great
Hues of our country's progress. You
will notice that while I have tried
to discuss the pros and cons in connection with this method, while 1
have stated reasons in favor of and
others against it, my own mind
rather tends towards the employ
ment of another form than that
of an out and out money contribution.
"The second policy lo which I
would refer is the assuming by ourselves the defence of our own ports
and coasts. In   constant and free CO
nbereil i
It 1*1
its opponents. In the first place we
begin with no plant, no expert skill,.
no cadets, no trained sailors. In
these respects Canada is a blank
sheet. Whatever may be necessary
has to bo collected and assembled
and developed with such expedition
and with such abundance as circumstances will allow. Under that system our tlrst vessel would be British
built, British equipped, British manned, British officered from stuker to
captain. There is no other way in
which we could proceed. We are absolutely bare of the skill, the experience, the training and the machinery
necessary to put one single war vessel on a proper footing; but—and it
is but thc begiuning of a circle—the
I first Canadian-owned vessel, built
and equipped in Britain, and sent out
to defend our coasts would become
the neucleus and the trainiug ground
of Canadian stokers, Canadian sailors and Canadian olficers and by and
by perhaps a Canadian admiral on
the Canadian coast. How much
time would be taken in completing
that circle none of us can say, but if
we begin the tracing of it and follow
it fairly and faithfully, the tint
must come when we get a complete
circle and have an imperial adjunct
to the British navy for the defence of
Canada and thc defence of the em
pire in which Canada has some ol
her body, Iter bones, her blood, and
her mental power, hci national
"Then would come the dockyard
which would be of sufficient size to
enable us to repair the nmallei vessels and in time build the smaller
vessels and iu time build the smaller
class of vessels thut we need at in si.
to he implemented by co-operation
between Canada and Great Britain
.a the shape of a dockyard sufficient
in dock any lame vessel of tne British navy thut might happen to Limp
lo our coast and require reiitting and
repairs. And so, In that progressive, gradual way working up to'the
fulfillment of this idea, a defensive
force in Canada which would be an
auxiliary in the case of aa outbreak
of actual hostilities, which would be
sufficient for the ordinary of our
i coasts and which would be, in time
of war, sufficient to work in conjunction with the main portion of tbe
fleet that would be sent to tbe pari
of our country that was menaced.
"I have spoken of commerce     and
the protection of commerce as f<dJin&
side by side.     1 believe that Canada
has, on the line of water development
as great a future as on the    line of
Und    development.      We have (alien
victims to our   imaginations- Struck
at   once    and   forcibly by our vast
landed estate we sutler ourselves   to
think     that the   land is the      sob-
theatre of the triumphs and the    development of Canada.     But look   at
what nature has given us. View    tbe
immense   oceans   on our    east   aud
west and the   waters that lie      between.     Note the conjunction of coal
aud iron and of lime  stone and    all
building material.       Look at      our
ports   and    harbors,    dotting every
portion of our    coast, tbe most     of
them yet   unused and a large number
of     them serviceable   to the degree.
Look at   the 40,000 or 60,000 fishermen and   boatmen on our coast, our
rivers and great lakes, born        and
bred    within the sight of and large!j
upon the    water, making themselves
fit candihates for the career of commerce, and all that pertains to it u
toe development   of the progress    o(
ibis continent.    It seems to me tnat
with    the immense    grain producing
nnd     meat   producing    resources ot
Canada, with our immense productive
power in other respects, with our tea
and water     privileges,   the Imagination can scarcely grasp the conim.ififl
that waits for Canadian vessels manned by Canadian crews, and a mighty     instrument   of    expansion    and
wealth to be held almost completely
in our own hands.       But to accomplish that    purpose    we  must hu'ld
steel vessels.       Take Great Britain
and go around its coasts where shipbuilding is carried on from Newcastle
to the Clyde, what are the great forces at work?      The building of warships is     the   strong encouragement
of     the   steel    and iron commercial
shipbuilding in   Great Britain today.
The two are joined.    Tbe one works
into and out from  the other.     I say
that the steel shipbuilding inaugurated in this country developed to    tht
capacity ol    turning out war vessels
would not only benefit Canada      but
Great Britain as well.     For the old
j empire   has    not passed   its zenith.
Though It '*■-* •»! -ts • urw-    ol   *c
many  hu idr'd ;..-i-«.     'I lieu- '       ti"
reason to oellbvo chat a !»lill Wngcr
course is not heforc it.
"I do not believe that irrevocable
I tale decrees the death of nations. I
I believe that comparatively tbey may
'have eternal life if they will seek for
|it in the tight direction; and the old
1 blood that some sneer at in the et-
'fete veins of the old   country     may
agination t
with its   et
tch ol   the    im-
c that the empire
nponenl parts in full accord    mnj     have at   some  time immense dockyards iu the Dominion   of
Canada, on the Pacific coast and   on
the Atlantic coast  in which will    l»
built not only our own vessels    distinctly Canadian, but a part of    tin-
navy of Great Britain itself   In Aus
tralia   the    foundations    of   such a
course are laid     Thai country today/
has taken its   line of policy; within
seven years her programme calls   lor
an expenditure of 811,000,000 on torpedo vessels and that Kind ol    coast
defence and (3,000,000 annual 1) there
after to l:eep up and forward In    an
equal line of progression.    After having   tried   the   contributory method
Australia   has   adopted   this policy
with tbe host of concert between the
mother     country   and   herself,   the
oast defence in time- ot peace,    tbe
auxiliary bodj to the fleet in     times
|of war, both carried on with the cooperation and good will, which   perfect trust in each other engenders and
keeps strong."
LOfXIES,      A FA AM .    UKl.l)
IM Rl'iisi: o\ ST   JOHN'S
111 It  J7T1I
Oraubrook'a Masoalc Temple was
largely attrmlrd laM Krulav evening,
Ihe occasion Ih-ih* tin1 jnini inalalla-
ii"ii ol the newlj elected officers ot
Cranbtook lotli;,., N.. :;i, and of
Selkirk loop. No.    S, ol Kimhcrley.
\V. Bro. w ii Wilson acted as installing master and the tallowing
.vere installed r.,r Cranbroolt lodge:
W. M.-F. 11   Miles.
S. W.-H. White
.1. W.-H. Hlckcnbolharo..^
Treas— .1. P. Fink.
Sec.—.!. S. I'etk.
S. D.—H. BanAeld,
•1. n.—.). H. Spence
I. a.—). E. Davis.
S. s— A. 11. Xonis.
Organist—E. El well.
D. of l\—W. Ii   Wilson.
Tbe J. S. eleel zn'-, "•<■ Tyler, \V.
K. Worden and 11. B, Carter, wei-e
unavoidably absent owing to indisposition
Relow is a list of the nffirers installed for Selkirk lodpe:
H   M-\. W. Hurdett.
S. w.—n. T. Evans.
I   W—Fred Ege.
Treas.—A. Ferris.
Sec—Tbos. Miller.
S   D.—II. Martin.
.1. D.—W. Chamberlain
S. S.—A. Cameron.
I   S—O. W. Wirenan
Tyler—C. K. Joslin.
■1. O.-R   A. Webster.
At the close ol the formal pro-
i cciliit-:- adjournment was made tu
'lie banqufttiiig hall, where an excellent repast was served, to which
ample justice was done. In due
course cigars were lighted and a pn>-
gramnie of toasts, som;s. etc., was
disposed ol There were several
very bright talks given by the new
offuers of  both lodges  and  hy other
visitors and old time iir.-tlin-n
An incident nrose during the
speech making, which somewhat dap-
jpended the enjoyment ol all present,
Reference was mad'' to the early departure ol l'ast Mahler D .1 Me-
Sweyn from Cranbrook    This     an-
noiincement came as a great surprise
to the hulk i.i ihoso present and ei-
pressions of regret ol sue. ceding
speakers weir sincere ami tin.roughly
appreciative of his man) good qualities as a Mason and as a business
A pleasing     incident     of   Friday
|night's meeting was the presentation
by M. W. Bra.   Dr. I)   Cornell,      of
Fernie, D.D.O M , ol a gavel, a very
handsome piece of workmanship   The
lodge passed
an unanimous vote     ot
* •:• •:- * + *
iperation with the Imperial lorces ol j easily he reinvigornted In the over-
tlte mother country. Let us sec seai* possessions by the young floods
what are the objections to and what ol life and development and enter-
mny be urged in support ol thai sec prise flowing bark Into the heart at
ond policy.    It bas Its advocates anil   home rejuvenating and revivilving tbe
The annual general meeting
of the parishioners or Christ
church parish will be held in
the Church ol the parish on
Monday, Januarj 13th. 1918,
at 8 o'clock p.m.
Business: appointment and
election ol church wardens,
election ol sidesmen; election
of lay helegates to ihe Diocesan synod; rccption und consideration ol reports formulation ot plans for tievl year's
The fullest possible attend
ance is gre.itlv desired.
K. I'. Flewelling,
Christ church, Oronhrnok,
Dec. .list, BI12.
+ + •!• •!• •!• •!• •!• •!• *
+ + +
si *J
Corporation of the City of Cranbrook
School Grant
Trade Licenses
Liquor Licenses ... .
Dog and Found Tax
Cemetery Fees
Road Tai 	
Water Revenue
WaUr Connection Fees
BtUi Payable
Rank Balance
Balance From 1911   i 4,597.05
School Huard ill, 182.93    17.182.H2
Finance Committee
Salaries  1 4,240.00
Flections   30.40
Furniture   894.37
Printing  242.13
Stationery and Postage  342.8(1
Expense  1,280.03
Tax Sale Surplus  337.33
Real Estate     313.60
Interest Account   529.38
Municipal Building Repairs   327.70
Fire and Police Committee.
Street Lighting  t 3,367.70
Police Salaries   5,016.95
Police Court   507.70
Police Supplies   289.0ft
Keep ol Prisoners   .... 147.00
Grants  1,050.00
Fire Department   5,179.69
Fire Department Equipment   5.00
S 11,488.39
Roard ol Works.
Public Works Equipment  i 847.15
Street Improvements   7,719.19
Concrete Walks Extras Account    1,021.60
Concrete Walks, Owners' Proportion :
Rlock 88  i  720.72
Block 89     486.21
Block 90   744.48
Block 91   432.14
Block 93   780.20
Block 94   518.11
Concrete Walks, City's Proportion   1,378.34
Health and Relief, including Cemetery
Improvements ,  1,138.34
Sewerage Maintenance   504.25
Debenture Repayment.
Instalments and Interest  16,702.80
Sinking Fund By-Law No. 88   248.08
Sinking Fund By-Law No. 96   1,326.30
Water Committee.
Hydrants $ 121.10
Meters  19.02
Water Records  263.93
Service  1,169.67
Water Extensions  4,266.39
Equipment  201.31
Maintenance  6,492.30
Cranbrook, B. C, Dec, 16, 1912.
Corporation of the City ol Cranbrook, Cranbrook, B.C.
Dear Sirs: I   hereby certify that the amount ol $248.08has been placed to the credit ol a sinking (und account under
By-Law 88 and the amount ol $1326.30 under By-Law 96.                                                        „ .   ?
(Signed) II. II. Bourne,
i pro Manager.
30TH, 1912.
School Debenture.
Hypothecation  $ 5,200.00
Balance Due Bank       635.77
 $ 5,835.77
NOTE.—The amount authorized to be raised under these
Amount Paid on School Board Orders   5,751.45
Interest         84.32
Debentures Is $6,500.
$ 5,835.77
Sewerage Debenture.
Proceeds ol Debentures  $90,281.97
Accrued Interest    2,057.94
Special Connection Fees       457.25
Sale ot Pipe        396.25
Hypothecation ol New Issue     7,000.00
Accounts   Paid as   Certited   by Engineer in Charge 100,087.97
Rank Balance        105.44
NOTE.—The   amount  authorized   to be raised by   theseinnd issue o( the Sewerage Debenture is $30,000.
Year ending November 30th, 1912
Municipal Building No. 1  $ 5,957.20
Fire Hall Building and   Equipment  3,177.17
Street Improvement No. 1         7,943.91
School Building No. 1      31,663.06
Street Improvement No. 2      9,046.59
Water    63,326.12
Municipal Building No. 3    15,000.00
Sewerage Debenture No. 1     100,000.00
School Building No. 2       5,200.00
Sewerage No. 2     7,000.00
Bills Payable  19,000.00
Current Account Bank Balance     1,398.98
School No. 2 Bank Balance       635.77
Escess ol Assets Over liabilities     43,817.03
■ $313,165.83
Municipal Building $30,
Fire Hall Building and  Equipment   ...   6
Furniture and Fixtures     1,
Water System   75,
Water System Tools and Equipment....
Public School Building   51,
Manual Training School     5,
City Pound	
Sidewalk and Street Improvement   16,
Street Equipment     1
Concrete Walks Equipment 	
Sewerage System   97
Sewerage Disposal Equipment 	
Sewerage Equipment     1
Sinking Fund By-Law No, 18	
Sinking Fund By-Law No. 96     1
Outstanding Accounts :
Water    ,.	
Concrete Sidewalk* Extras   Account	
Concrete Sidewalk* Due
From Property Owners Blocks 88, 89, 90,
91, 93 and 94 	
Sewerage Debenture Bank ... .
3,661.86 19,568.25
- $313,105.83
I HEREBY   CERTIFY that I have examined the City Hooks and. compared ihe  vouchers and find everything cor-
Craihrook, B. C,
December llth. Mil.
■Every woman who is obliged to
wear false hair or man, a toupee,
feels that it is a misfortune. What
makes the burden so doubly hard to
bear is the knowledge that the loss
of natural hair could, iu most instances, have been easily avoided.
The arch enemy ol good hair is the
dandruff germ. This is now a well
established scientific fact. There is
no  remedy   on the    market   which,
in, this valuable remedy insures a
nice healthy head of hair.
Herpicide imparts a life and luster
to dull, dead, brittle hair, making it
light, Huffy and beautiful.
Don't wait. Begin now to save
your hair.
Applications can be procured at the
better barber shops and hair dressers.
A nice sample and hooklet on the
care of the hair will be sent to any-
used   regularly,   will    kill the germ one upon receipt of 10c. in postage or
and keep out every trace of dandruff. J silver.    Dept. It., Detroit, Mich.
This remedy is Newbro's Herpicide Newbro's     Herpicide    in   50c. and
long known as the Original Dandruff $1.00   sizes   is   sold    by all dealers
Germ Destroyer.     By keeping      the who guarantee it to do all that    is
scalp clean, Herpicide not only    pre- claimed.       If    you are not satisfied
vents the hair from falling out    but your money will be refunded,
allows it to grow as nature intended. Beattie-Murphy   Co., Ltd., Special
Regun in     time and its use persisted Agents.
The Herald is in receipt of the following communication from York,
Dear Sir: 1 should be much obliged
if you would kindly send me a copy
of the weekly or daily paper which
best gives an idea of the country and
its daily life, cost of living. 1 want
to lind reliable information about
such points as tbe cost of food, rent
aud so ou, advertisements often tell
Is thc cost of motoring in a runabout high? Is it difficult to get
bread, fuel, laundry work and occasional help in housework in the
small towns and villages."
Some of our readers may be able
to grapple with the problems raised
by our correspondent, so that we
give herewith his address:
S. F. A. Dott, Esq., Dringhouses
Vicarage, York, England.
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted on
the south end of an island in the
Elk River, opposite Lot 227 and following the shore around the island
to point of commencement, being 10
acres, more or ,less.
Benjamin B. Ralph.
Dated 28th August, 1012.       38-0t»
hi the world
For a License to Take and Use
Store Water.
Machela, Nature's Scalp Tonic, the
only remedy ever discovered that is
similar to the natural hair foods or
liquids ot the scalp. Has a record for
growing hair—05 cases out ot 100.
Price tor complete home treatment
$1,00. Sold and guaranteed by tbe
C rant* o ok Drug and Book Co.
District of South East Kootenay.
TAKE NOTICE that Benjamin
B. Ralph, ot Winnipeg, Man-, occupation physician, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
that Win. M. Campbell, of Cranbrook, B. C, will apply for a license
to take and use 40 acre-feet of water
out of Paton's Lake, on Lot 2215,
and empty into a pond near Lot
2245 and 2869. The water will be
diverted at the lake and will be used
for irrigation purposes on the land
described as Lot 2245, Group One,
Notice is also given that he will
apply tor a license to store or pen
back forty acre-feet of water from
said lake. The water will be stored
in a reservoir of 10 acre-feet capacity, built or to be built at the outlet ot said lake, and will be used for
irrigation purposes under the above
notice ot application for a license to
take and use water.
This notice was posted on the
ground on the nth day of December,
1912. The application will be filed
in the office of the Water Recorder at
Objections may tie filed with tbe
said Water Recorder or with tne
Comptroller ot Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Wm. M. Campbell, Applicant.
hy A. H. Playle, Agent.        51-lt
The Canadian Pacific railway    has
decided upon a new departure in connection with the first sailings of  the
new "Empresses," which are      now-
completed, and will be realty for ser-
aice early next summer. The C.P.R.
will divert from the ordinary course
of sending the vessels around     Capo
Horn to   make a start, in the Pacific
service from   Vancouver, and instead
have arranged attractive Around   thc
World trips for their first voyage. A
start will  he  made from Southampton, England, and   the "Empress   of
Russia" will be the lirst vessel      to
sail on    April 1st,    while the "Empress of Asia,"     which was launched
at Govan   recently, will have      the
English    port  on     May 27th.   Both
steamships   will     call   at (libralter,
Monte  Carlo, or    VlUetrancho, Port
Said, Suez, Colombo,  I'enaug,  Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Nagasaki, Kobe, Yokohomo aud arrive    in
Vancouver about  two  months later.
Arrangements have been made for the
Canadian passengers to leave      from
Canadian and American ports in time
to catch the ''Empresses," and     thc
fare for the round trip exclusive     of
the cost of   hotel expenses in     England, and   sleeping car berth       and
meals on the   Canadian railway will
be $630.10.     An arrangement     has
been mode for the inclusion of meals
and sleeping berth   across the Canadian continent   on payment of       an
extra $20.30.     These two       vessels
are sister  ships,    and 500 feet long,
60 ft. beam, with gross tonnage    of
16,850, and a speed ot 20 knots, and
are the first merchant vessels     with
cruiser sterns, a  feature which       is
especially adapted tor speed and    increases the stability, besides securing
more  .room    on   the   various decks.
When ocean liners were bnill so that
they should   float with two of   their
compartments     filled   with   water it
was considered a great thing, but the
new "Empresses" can have four compartments filled and still float.    'Hie
vessels'constitute the very latest improvements In ocean liners, and     the
initial trips of the "Empresses" offer a unique opportunity to make an
"Around the   World"   tour covering
the   whole distance   under the Canadian flag,     Various   side trips  will
be arranged for from the ports      ot
rail between Southampton and Hong
McLaughlin and Canada Car-
riago Co.'s make I  ^^
Call and get our Prices lissi
The Cranbrook Trading Co., Ltd.
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., I.I..U.. D.C.I... President
General Minimi."- Ast.ii.lunt General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Accounts may he opened at every branch of Thc Canadian
Bank of Commerce lo he operated by mail, and will receive the
same careful attention as is given to all other departments of the
Bank's business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to thc Bank.        84
R. T. Urymner, ftanager Cranbrook, B. C.
A  Good   Home
is what is dour lo every man. A home
is whore Peace, Comfort, Contentment,
ami Plenty is found. That is the reason
men throughout British Columbia, when
"Cranbrook" is mentioned think of the
provisions Jos. Urault has made for an
ideal home nt the
Canadian Hotel
A Wise Legislator once said:
" If I had my way. I would write the word ' INSURE'
on the door of every house,"
.  Remember, the neglect to insure to-day does not provide
for sickness or accident of to-morrow.
Spend five cents a day with us, and we will step in when
yon are disabled. It means protection to you and your home.
Accident and Sick Benefit Policies
are real protection.   Let us add you to our list of Policyholders.
Corwin-Bruce Investment Co.
Ageits International Casualty Company
P. 0. Drawer 50 Phone 437
Phone : Seymour 7930
Palace Hotel
ROLLINS BROS., Proprietors
1221 Granville Street
VANCOUVER       ■       B. C.
Two hundred elegantly furnished rooms.    Every modern
convenience,   [{levator service. Cafe in connection. Rooms
Jl.OOper day anil upwards,
Up-country visitors to flic Terminal City will find every
oonvenlonoe and comfort at the Granville Palace, special
attention being paid to their wants.
anbrook, B. C,
All Our Meats are Government
Head Office, CALGARY, ALTA.
If You Want
Your house connected with the new sowfirnge system,
PHONE 340. Our work guaranteed. Estimates of cost
cheerfully given,
The Creinbrook Plumbing, Tinsmithlntf
a.nd Heating Company
W. F. JOHNSON, Proprietor V *| i
That Now Zealand will call upon
Itrltish Columbia "ml (with tho completion ol the Panama Canal) Eastern Canada lor timber Bupplles to u
greater extent as years no by, is
proved by the following extract of a
report hy thp New ZelaiwI lands department:
"From the more accurate Informoy
tion that is now available, H will he
seen that there is ample justification
for the diminished estimate of our
timber supply. An impression prevails that, owing to the increased
use ot substitutes for timber in construction of buildings, the future demand may not be so great as was
anticipated. Rut, as thc population
of the Dominion (New Zealand) is
constantly Increasing! and there is a
rapidly Increasing demand for timber
iu every brunch ot industry, we must
realize thai our timber resources
will be taxed to their utmost capacity in a very few years, and the future generations will have to face
a serious problem that, up to now,
has not been regarded with much
"Out of the gross amount ot milling timber estimated to exist at the
present time," the report continues,
"it will be noticed that nearly one-
third Is composed of timber not commercially used to any extent, also a
large portion is situated on land too
difficult of access to be profitably
worked for many years to come. The
net quantity likely to he available
for sawmilling would therefore
amount to 18,000,000,000 superficial
The report goes, on to state that,
as the recent output of timber Is
over 400,000,000 superficial feet, it
is a fair assumption that the average
output for the next generation will
be about 450,000,000 superficial feet.
If the present estimated supply is
divided by this amount, it will be
seen that there is only sufficient
timber to last the sawmiller for
about 35 years, and this is without
taking into account the inevitable
loss that periodically occurs
through accidental fires.
During this period large supplies of
foreign timber might be expected to
arrive, and so reduce the strain on
local forests, but, as every country
in the world would be feeling the effects of the universal demand, it was
not to be expected that such timber
could be produced after ten or twenty years, save at much higher prices
than now are current, and in gradually decreasing quantity.
The annual output in British Columbia at the present time is about
one and a half billion feet, or ever
three times the consumption of New
Zealand, and as this is only one-
quarter of the possible production,
tlie sister colony will be able to so-
cure timber for many years. But
British Columbia woods stand a
tremendous risk from fire. Only
through adequate tire protection will
this province be able to hold her
place in the lumber world.
Uorrisbiirg, Out., Jon, 1 —Wm.
(low, wlii. has been postmaster of
Winchester, near here lor no lees
thai six'v years has had his office
taken from him, He Is an old man
and it docs s<viu as If thc government might ha*c allowed him to remain to the end Huch a record l»
Unusual and it is a Pity thc government should have broken it in this
way. Morrliburg is the homo towu
ol Sir ,lames Whitney, the premier
of Ontario. 	
Maternity Nurse
Graduate of Queen   Charlotte's  Hospital, London, England
Patient* attended, Town or Country
Address P. O. Boi  112, or Phone Ml)
Chartered Companies a
W. U. iuu E. H. Smith
P.O. Boa 1140
' NELSON     •     •     B.C.
Tbe tnort accurate, MUM* find only Mnrktt Report
Milted  WlER  to til.™ InMMleci  In   Raw Pun
It's nut a Trapper1* (liilil*, but a publication IuimI
■very twn wrki, wlikh Rlvra yon r>|>ort* of what U
doittvlti «ll ttm Markriaj oflbn World In Antrim
Now Fur*. TOiInformation U worth hundred, of
Writ* frr It-HOW-irS *RBM
AjBorkw Raw Fun
(From tho Pra Magazine)
Henry Ford, perhaps the greatest
manufacturer in the world today—
a man who has standardized a vast
Industry to a degree of efficiency uti-
equaled, who has cut out lust motion and eliminated the economic
.slack, who does more business with
less advertising ami a smaller per
cent paid to the genus middleman
than any other man in the world,
and whose business now is practical
ly In its infancy—is a rnad-builder.
Henry Ford's methods will bo
adopted and put Into other, lines ol
trade and manufacture: n simple,
quiet man who thinks deeply, who
nsks for little, who gives much—a
man who is interested in birds and
bees and butterflies and bugs; wlin
erects bird-houst'S, who listens wherever he goes for the song of "our
brothers in tbe air"; who not only
loves the little things in life, but
who has the brain to appreciate the
great and far-reaching.
Henry Ford is laying hold of tillage tu come. He is building for
generations yet unborn, and he gets
his reward every day out of his
work, and is getting an education in
his work, by his work, and through
his work.
In great degree, by the excellence
ol Mb methods, Henry Ford has elim.
inated competition in his own particular line.
When this great national highway
way is completed it will be in one
sense a monument to Henry Ford
more than to any other living man.
One-third of the automobiles built
in ninteen hundred and twelve were]
"Fords." It now looks as if one-
hall tho automobiles built in nineteen hundred and thirteen will be
Henry Ford is the man who has
made it possible for all the world to
ride in motor-ears.
The motor-car once was the play
thing and the luxurious vehicle of the
Ford has changed all this. The
Ford machine is the belonging of the
common people—"the kind God loves,
otherwise he would not have made,
so many of them," said Abraham
When the procession of automobiles
starts in nineteen hundred and fifteen
for San Francisco—for every one is
going to San Francisco, and many of
us will go in our own machines—one-
hall the machines on that roadway
will carry on their polished fronts
the legend "Ford."
Some ol us in our high-power sixties and nineties will pass these
Fords and have an opportunity to
count them. We will wave back as
we glide by, and then a little later in
the journey while we, stop to tinker,
the Fords will move quietly, surely,
without fuss or frivol past us. So
we will see them twice.
This highway will be built on thc
initiative of the automobile interests
—competitors united in a common
cause—rivals forgetting prejudice,
Eating aside dislikes, getting together, pulling together, moving together, and together bringing about this
wonderful betterment! The plan is
that each automobile manufacturer
shall subscribe one per cent ol his
gross receipts for one year.
This subscription ahsolully insures
the success of thc project.
To some manufacturers this will be
a big tax on their profits. The
smaller the profit on the machine, the
bigger the subscription-
Henry Ford, making but a very
small profit, will thus necessarily payj
a bigger tribute, proportionately,
than the maker of a high-priced car
who gets a big profit.
Thus, Henry Ford will, in a double
sense, be building a monument to
himself. He will not only he the
largest subscriber, but he will have
double the number of cars of any
other manufacturer on the road.
The subscription already signed hy
some of the smaller mgnulacturers
will put a crimp in their finances,
but they are standing together, oblivious to personal interests. They
simply are going to pull this thing
off, and they will pull it off. No
automohile-manufaeturer can afford
lo stay out of this enterprise.
Nelson, B. C, Dec. 22.-W. H.
Bullock Webster, barrister, ot Victoria, for some years resident of
Nelson, will he chairman of the
board ol conciliation appointed by
the minister of labor to investigate
the dispute which has arisen between
the miners and mine-owners in the.
Kootenay district regarding the demand for an increase of 50 cents per
day wages.
C. R. Hamilton, K. C, represents
the mine operators on the board, and
John W. Bennett, of Fcrnie, is representative of the miners. The hoard
will convene in Nelson for the first
sitting January 6th.
, ♦!—.
Toronto, Dee. 23.—Mayor Hocking;
and Thomas Davies were nominated
today for tbe mayoralty tor IMS.
 Special Sale of
Dei^l^ij/f, "Sunkist"
Delhi, India, Dec. 33.—Lord Chas.
Hardinge, Viceroy of India, was
wounded, and an attendant of his
wai killed by a bomb hurled at the
Viceroy from a housetop as lie was
entering the new capital In state today. The bomb stnnk the llowdah
ol the viceroy's elephant, killing Uie
attendant instantly The extent ol
the viceroy's wounds was not known
II" was hurriedly removed to B bus
Lord Ilaiidingc was wounded
lite shoulder, hut how seriously could
not bo determined in tho confusion
which followed tbe bomb throwing.
He was hurriedly removed to a hospital. Lady Hardinge was unhurt
hut was much shaken by the explosion. The bomb wus very powerful.
On arrival at the hospital surgeons
found that the wound iu the
Huron's shoulder was slight.
Lady Hardinge suffered severely
from shock, and it was found necessary to apply soothing remedies.
Norval Bapty, the well known skating expert, will be at the Arena
rink Saturday evening, January 4th,
1!H3. Don't overlook this fixture
If you like to witness really first-
class skating.
The active medicinal ingredient of
Hexali Orderlies which is odorless,
tasteless und colorless is u comparatively new discovery. Combined
with other extremely valuable ingredients, it forms a perfect bowel regulator, iintestinal itivlgurator anil
slreugthener. llexall orderlies arc
eaten like randy and arc notable for
their ugiceuuleness to thc nutate and
gentleness of action. They do not
muse griping or any disagreeable effect or inconvenience.
Unlike other preparations fur a like
purpose, they do not create a habit,
but instead they act to overcome thc
cause of habit acquired through the
use of ordinary laxatives cathartics
ami harsh physic, and permanently
remove the cause of consttputlon or
irregular bowel action.
We will refund your money without
argument if they do not do us we
say they wW- Two sixes, 25c. and
10c. Sold only at our store—The
Hexali Store, hcuttic-Murph'y Co.,
Notice ol Application for   the    Approval ol Works.
TAKE NOTICE that thc British
Columbia Southern Hailway Company, will apply to the Comptroller
of Water Rights lor. the approval of
tlie plans ot the works to he constructed for the utilization ol the
water from Moyie Klver, which the
applicant is, by I'crmit No. 33 authorized to take, store, and use for
aud make surveys necessary for tlie
construction ol works.
The plans and particulars required
by subsection (1) ol section 71 ol ties
Water Act" as amended have bsea
filed with tb» Comptroller ol Water
Rights at Victoria and with the
Water Recorder at Cranbrook, B.C.
Objections to tbe application may
be Died with the Comptroller ol
Water Rights, Parliament Buildings,
Dated at Ccanbrook, B.C., this
30th day ol November, 1812.
W. K. Ourd,
50-it Agent ol the Applioaat.
District of South East Kootenay.
TAKE NOTICE that Robert
James Crooks, ol Cranbrook, occupation Baggageman, intends to apply
lor permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at the south east corner ol lot six thousand three hundred
and lorty-five (6345), group one (1);
thence west eighty (80) chains, more
or less, to tbe east boundary ol lot
eight thousand five hundred and forty
one (8511), thence south ten (10)
chains, more or less, to the north
boundary ot lot six thousand two
hundred and lorty-three (6243),
Group One (1); thence east eighty
(80) chains, more or less, to a point
due south of the point of commencement; thence north ten (10) chains,
more or less, to the point of commencement, containing forty (40)
acres, more or less.
Robert .lames Crooks.
Dated November 28th, 1012.    48-9t
Mac's Auto Service
Prompt Service New Cars
Dr. de VatVi Female Pills
A re.iiblt French itgulitur;never faili. These
plllf art •icaedlnily powerlu! tn regulating Ull
Beneritlft portion ol the female i»rtem. Keluse
■II cheap Imitations. Dr. da fta'i are arild at
Ha box, or three for IU. Mailed tn anv »ddre«.
TIM tMhaU Drag CCk. M. <lafiar.ii** "nt
For Mtte it Boat!*. Murphy 4 Co.,
Not a seed tit  Sunkist, "
Juicy, rich, healthful
oranges— tho finest selected tree-ripened fruit ,,: \vn
in the world.
"SUNKIST" oranges are thc cleanest of all fruits.
Never touched by bare hands—all "Sunkist" pickers
and packers wear clean cotton gloves while at work.
Buy a box of "SUNKIST" oranges—much cheaper
by the box or halt-box than by the dozen.
Sunkisi" lemons are the   linest, juiciest  fruit —
mostly seedless—thin-skinned, too.
"Sunkist" Oranges and Lemons Bring
Handsome Rogers Silverware
Send the trademarks cut from "Sunkist" orange t*nd It-ninn
wrappers to us. We offer ns premiums, ek-tiant Rogers iji.ar-
anteed A-t Standard silverware. 27 different, magnificent
premiums in exclusivo "Sunkist" design.
This handsome oramtctpoon sent to you for 12 "Sunkist"
trademarks and 12 cents. Trademarks from "Red Ball"
orange and lemon wrappers count same as' "Sunkist,''
In remitting, send amounts of 2fl cmt* or over by Postal
Note, Post Office or Ksprcs* Money Order.
Buy "Sunkist" Oranges and
Lemons at Your Dealer's
Send your name and f-ill address fur
our complete free premium circular a:id
Premium Club Plan. Address all orders
for premium silverware and all comruu-
nicatious to
California Fruit Growers Exchange
105 King Street, Eait. Cor. Church
•*.**♦♦• •♦♦•♦♦♦*.
Nu lUaiftr of Importing ».v-   So injury frutu fumigation
No drying out inr..uiw ol i.lit[.ui*ut
All our trwf at* *.t.(«x< io [m*t>|<ruo! ueU&rt
Ttitrtifurc protect TiiurMlf bj LutinK our irw*    Writ, foi I .>ti«lt i;ut
am] Prlc* lift to
Kati.Mutlic! 1000.   Ounbuiidrvd and twcnty-Sve acrei
Representative: F. M. WORTHING!ON
N.B.-Weh&ve DWtUtF ■tOCl in Uctntwh   fUl.  Wealthy. .lul.hihuii. t'oi'l
Grungr. Outario. Northern Spj a«'i WagBow
MILK      MILK       MILK
Experience has Uuigiit ub every precaution for tlie production of the highest grade of milk. W* feel sure thut •■•
trial will prove this.
J. A. PRINGLE, Prop'r
An Opportunity for a
Reliable Man in
We have some Gilt Edged Original Prairie Towraites
(not sub-divisions), which appeal to the intelligent investor, and we intend to put on an extensive advertising campaign in CRANBROOK as soon as we complete arrangements with u fi-sl-ilasB man, who can follow nn inquiries.
We mail the district thoroughly. The right man who will
apply himself can make this a permanent and very profit-
able position. Apply H. W. McOurdy, 602 Templs Building, Toronto.
Incorporated IfiGD
Capital Paid Up $11,500,000        Reserve $12,500,000
11. fi. 1IOI.T, Prenident K. L PHASE, Oenernl Manager
Accounts of Firms, Corporations nml Individuate solicited.
Out-uf town business receives every attention.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT—Deposits ol tt .00 ami upwards received
and interest allowed at current rale.   No formality or delay in
A Genera) Hanking Business transacted.
Cranbrook Branch : T.
By lot Herald   Publishing Cumpany,
K. .1. Deaue, Mauaging Kditur.
CkANBROOK, B. C, January 2, TO
Owing to BcUedule changes in the
leu;.il rule at Victoria and consequent changes in tbe various papers
throughout the province the Herald
nnnounces that beginning with January 1st, the following charges will
he made [or advertising all legal n°
tices: Application for liquor license,
$6.00; liquor license transfer, $8.50;
land purchase, $7.0*1; land lease,
$7.00; certificate of improvement, III
cents per line first insertion and 5
cpnts each subsequent insertion; delinquent co-ownership notice, 11 cents
aud 5 cents, duplicate certificate, 10
cents and 5 cents; water notice, 10
cents and & cents; coal and petroleum
notice, $600, 51-tf
ball Tuesday, January 7th at !J p.m.,
when the annual flection »>r officers
Will take place. The [amy work
class will mcL'i on Friday, January
lOtli, at s pin. All members aud
ladies welcome and a full ntlemlance
The license for the new hotel at
Hull RlVer has been issued, dating
from January 1st. The formal
opening of Jim Males' new hostelry
will lake place on Wednesday, January StSnd, with a his dance, at which
the best ot music will lie supplied and
ever) effort made to provide all visitors with a thoroughly good time.
The Herald very sincerely extends
to all its readers best wishes for the
Sew Yenr. We hope and believe,
that the coining year will prove of
exceptional growth and sound prosperity to this city and district. Last
year witnessed un extraordinary
growth in the city, along sound
lines, and this good work will undoubtedly be followed up this year,
iipuii an even larger scale, l.ast year
also witnessed a large influx of new
settlers Into the surrounding districts, adding materially to Crau
brook's outside trade. Tlie success
that has attended the efforts ot tnese
new settlers will doubtless he emphasized by a still larger influx.
There is abundant opportunity in
this district for skilled farmers,
markett gardeners and horticulturists,
and now that these tacts are mure
and more widenly known there will
assuredly he a constantly increasing
(low of the best, class of settlers Into
this district.
An apology is due our readers for
this issue of the Herald. In the first
place the holiday naturally interfered
to some extent with Its production,
and in tlie second, the Herald staO,
like that nf most other places of bus
iness in the city, has been affected by
the more or less general visitation of
la grippe. The foreman has been
sick a bed for several days,- und out
machine operator should also havi
been hots de combat, but ho has
stuck manfully to his machine am
made a special effort to enable us ti
publish as nearly on time as was at
all possible. Necessarily these cir
ekimstances have militated against as
full and comprehensive survey of tin
past week's events as we should hove
liked, but we have dune the best possible and trust to the kindliness of
our readers to overlook any and all
LOST—Met ween new post office
and Itaworth Bros, store a pair of
Shuron eye glasses. Finder will be
rewarded by reluming to R. S. Gar-
'  rctt Ml
A livery has been established iu
connection with the new hotel at
Hull River, which will be conducted
hy W. Chad, well known throughout
the district, as lite right man for the
A Canadian newspaperman figures
in the New Year's honor list. I. S
Willisou. editor of the Toronto
News, has been created a Knight
llachelnr, which entitles the bearer
td be designated as "Sir."
Obituary I.U.I. 1.1. I.I, I.I, 1,
The ninth annual hall of the An
cient Order of Foresters, City of
Cranbrook, No. 8tM;t and Pride of
Cranbrook Circle, No. 163, will be
held in the Auditorium on Friday
evening, January 17th. it is quite
unnecessary to add that the Foresters will see that every visitor has a
good time.
The next meeting ot the Women's
Institute   will     be held at Carmen's
Norbury Avenue
Sacrifice Sale
132 feet frontage on Norbury, and 122 feet on Edward. Positively tho best
available close in corner
in the City.
Price $2,000.00
Half Cash
Bitter see this at once.    Exclusively by
Chapman Land &lnv Co.
Two doors from the ttei Theatre
La grippe is still unpleasantly prevalent in the city. Almost every
business house in town lias one or.
more of its members confined lo his
bedchamber by reason of the ravages
of this tiresome complaint. TWo
bank) managers are among the victims, -Mr. R. T. Hrymner, of the
Hank of Commerce, and Mr. \Y. II
Supple of tho Imperial bank. There
are several others, nut forgetting
the foreman of this office, whose absence from work has mightily inconvenienced us, und delayed this issue.
Commencing Monday, January tith,
there will be a week of special evangelistic services in the Methodist
church in which the pastors of the
Presbyterian and Baptist churches
iyIII take part as follows: Monday,
Rev. (). K. Kendall, of tho Baptist
church; Tuesday, Rev. Stevens, of
he Presbyterian church, Wardner, 11.
C; Wednesday, .Mr. Cameron, secretary of the Y.M.C.A., and Cap!,
'arruthers, of the Salvation Army;
Thursday, Rev, Dunham, of the Me-
hodist church; Friday, Rev, W. Kel.
man Thimson, of Knox Presbyterian
A man named Pratt, or Piatt, appeared in tlie police court the othei
morning to answer to the charge
ol attempting to cash a bogus cheque
on the Imperial bank. The accused
denied any attempt at fraud ami
claimed that the story told against
him was manufactured out of whole
doth. He was finally committed
for trial at the next court of competent Jurisdiction. This morning
When Pratt appeared before His Hon
nr Judge Thompson, the complainant
did not put in an appearance and the
case was further adjourned, whilst
the police make an elTort to local
the man who preferred the charge.
That the humble hen has strongly
marked charitable instincts is being
demonstrated in Spokane this week
where three thousand hens that catm
for show remained to lay. The product of their efforts is being given to
the needy people .of Spokane, some of
whom are enjoying for the first time
in i.nany years an egg that a hen
would he proud to claim as Its oul-
|iut. It js the joint donation ol
poultry raisers and hens from all
parts of the Pacific Northwest, as
sembled at thO annual show of the
Inland Kmpirc Poultry and Pet
Stock association. Tlie fact that
the show comes during Christmas
week led the exhibitors to agree to
donate all eggs laid hy their show
birds to a good-fellowship fund being
raised hy the Associated Charities.
R. K. Peat tie was down from Cal
gary during the week. He reports
business very good in the Albortan
capital, lie pointed out with some
pride that a number of the school
children of Calgary were asked to inspect tin- various store windows on
Christmas live and afterwards vote
upon which in their opinion was the
most tastefully decorated. Thej
were offered a prize and many ol
them took the opportunity ol examining the many very beautiful win
dows of the cily shops Alter the
liual vole was taken the windows of
the James Fiudluy Drug Company,
Limited, wen1 shown to have a large
majority. This is the business now
largely controlled by Mr. lieattie.
Nearly all the children who entered
for the prize were unanimous in their
opinion that the windows of Find
lay's drug Btore, Eighth Avenue
liast, were Ihe most prettily and
tastefully decorated.
The statistical report of the births,,
deaths and marriages recorded in the
electoral district of Cranbrook during 1912 was as follows:
Births  157
Deaths   80
Marriages   55
Died of typhoid fever   15
Died by violence   14
The officers and members of the
Cranbrook Fire Department wish to
express their thanks to Mr. V. Hyde
Baker for his generous Christmas
presenl, a substantial cheque.
Pastor, Rev. W. K, Thomson.
Morning service, 11 a.m.—Tlie sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
livening service, 7.80.—Rov, Mr.
Dunham of tbe Methodist church,
will preach.
The joint annual ball of the \i. of
It. T. and L. A. to H. of R. T. took
place on New Year's eve In the Auditorium. Needless to say this always popular dance, was very largely attended. The large floor was
crowded from nine o'clock until the
early hours of New Year's morning
with a thoroughly representative
gathering of Cranbrook citizens,
their wives and daughters, as well as
a number of visitors from outside
points, including well known railroad
men from Letbbrldgc, Calgary and
nearer by points. The hall was
most tastefully decorated with the
Brotherhood's colors and electric
lights, the stringing nf which was a
credit to Mr. Maurice Quain.
The commit tee in charge of arrangements, were made up as follows,
and right well did they perform their
arduous duties, in view of the very
large number present:
Commit tee—Mrs. C, II. Knnckn,
Mrs. A. Dufour, Miss M. Lafleur, J.
B. Culley, F. S. Ryckman, J. R.
Rcburn, Mrs. R, W. Killins, Mrs. C.
N. Parker, Mrs. IV Dallas, H. P.
Woodhouse, W. Harrison, J. E. Kel.,
ly, Mrs. J. B. Hall, Mrs. Smoke,
Airs. H. C. Hughesi 11. (loddard, J.
15. Henley, W. M. Mallinson, Miss E.
Parks, Mrs. B. (loddard, Mrs. D. A.
Mi-Lean, C N. Parker, J. H. Cameron, It. K. Knight.
Mr. C. 11. Knocke acted as floor
master and performed that trying
work with a precision and a courtesy that gave the utmost satisfaction.
Everyone enjoyed the dance thoroughly aud was warmly enthusiastic
in his or her praise of the arrangements am! nf those to whom the
carrying out of the various items on
tlie programme had been entrusted,
including the dance progrgmme, re
freslmients, etc., etc.
Music was supplied by the Fcrnie
Italian orchestra and it was certainly exceptionally good.
Whilst the Auditorium was crowded with railroad men and their
friends on New Year's eve, the Masonic Temple was equally the scene
of a large dance. Friends of Mr.
and Mrs. A. B, Macdonald and Mr.
and Mrs. W. A. Nishet gathered there
and engaged in the light fantastic until 5 o'clock the following moroing.
A long programme of dances to admirable music was heartily
enjoyed, the floor being in excellent
shape anil everybody being bent upon
having a good time.
Wish Our  Hany
Friends and
A Happy
New Year
The community at large was shocked to learn of the sudden death ot
little Rainsford W. the only son of
Mr. ami Mrs. F. L. Parks, mi New
Year's eve, aged 12 years and 11
months. The youngster was a particularly brighl boy, and his sudden
demise has proved a terrible blow
to his parents, in whose grief the
citizens of Cranbrook sincerely share.
The cause of the lud's sudden death,
was an attack of uraemia, which
proved fatal in a very short time,
despite medical attention.
The funeral took place this afternoon from the family residence at <i
o'clock, Rev. Mr. Dunham conducting
tire services, the funeral arrangements being in the hands of W. R.
Beatty. There was a very large
and thoroughly representative attendance of citizens, as a mark of
respect lo the parents. The Boy
Scouts, of which corps young Rains-
ford was a member, turned out hi
goodly numbers, and the pall bearers
were picked from their number.
in addition a large number of local
Masons attended, Mr. Parks being a
respected member of tbe Craft.
Among the wreaths and oilier flowers covering the coffin, was one pre
sented by tlie Boy Scouts, of smilax
and white flowers, in Ihe shape of a
large ring with a smaller one tn the
center,   being the    Scots trail sign,
I Have Clone Home."
A special meeting of the city coun-
il look place on the evening of Tuesday last, at which were present
Mayor Bowness and Aldermen Atchison, Erickson, Clapp and Cameron.
John Cholditch was appointed auditor ot the books of the board of
school trustees.
On motion of Aldermen Erickson
and Clapp the city clerk was requested to ask Mr. John Haddln, engineer for the Gait Engineering
company, to come lo Cranbrook and
assist in adjusting the firm's accounts
with the city.
Moved by Alderman Atchison and
seconded by Alderman Erickwon that;
the city engineer be instructed to
place J. C. Olenday back at his old
position as foreman of the water
rks and that upon completion of
tlie work on the Hill, only one man,
with Olenday, be kept on the payroll, excepting such temporary assistance as may be required for emergency cases.
Council then adjourned. ,
Alta.—Silver berry spoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Mattcell, Fletcher, Out.—Veuetian lace center.
Mrs. T. C. Armstrong—Lace center
Misses Moore, Dublin, Ireland-
drawn tea cloth and sideboard scarf.
Davis Bros and E. Ismay—Electric
reading lamp.
Mr. and Mrs. R. Moore, Edmonton
—Eiderdown comforter.
Miss M. Armstrong—China bon bou
Mr. A. L. Couzens, Nanaimo—
(Mass and silver cream und sugar.
Mr. and Mrs. P. D. Hope—Sot of
table linen and electric iron.
Mr. and Mrs. Labadle, Nelson-
Pearl handle butter knifo.
Mr. and Mrs. R. M Held, Crest.n
—Pearl handle cake knife.
Mrs. Gamble and Lois—Cut glnss
K. Murphy and N. Harrison—Cut
glass water pitcher.
A, lUworlu—Out glass berry bowl
Mrs. Wilson—Oak and silver biscuit
F. Parks & Co.
Hardware and House
A very pretty wedding took place
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Jno.
Bennett, WyclifTe, B. C, when their
youngest daughter Violet Marguerite
was united in marriage to Richard
H. C. Moore, of Cranbrook. To the
strains of Mendelssohn's wedding
i. arch, played by Miss Nellie Hand-
ley, the bride entered the reception
room on the arm of her father.' She
was attended by Miss Bella Taylor
and the best man was Jas. Mac
Farlane, of Cranbrook. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. E.
P. Flewelling, of Christ church
Cranbrook. • The bride looked very
sweet in white Brussels net with
shadow lace embroidery over white
Duchess satin with ihe wedding veil
She carried pale pink carnations and
smilax. Tlie bridesmaid wore
dainty dress of white chiffon over
pink silk aud carried pink carnations
and fern. After the ceremony, the
guests, numbering about fifty, sat
down to a dainty luncheon in the
dining room. The house-was decorated in evergreen and Christmas
bells, holly and mistletoe.
The groom's gift to the bride was
an Egyptian pendant aud chain and
to the bridesmaid, the organist ii
pearl pin and to the best man a
pearl stick pin.
The happy couple left later in the
evening by auto for Cranbraok and
are spending their honeymoon in
Seattle, Portland and other coast
The bride's going away dress was
of navy blue whip cord, with a navy
blue silk blouse and a white beaver
hat. Upon their return they will
take up their residence on Hanson
avenue, prepared for litem hy the
The beautiful and costly presents
show the esteem in which the young
couple were held by their many
friends. A few of the presents were
as given below:
The bride's parents—A china dinner
Mr, and Mrs. A. Mellor—Cut glass
water bottle and glasses.
Mr. and Mrs, N. Burdette— Salad
bowl with servers.
Jas. MacFarlane—Cut glass punch
Mr. aud Mrs  Watkins, Keflex, Alta
—Silver and glass butter dish      and
plckh> dish-
Mr. and Mrs  Couover—Carving set
Mrs. and Miss llaudley—llandpaint
ed china lea set and biscuit jar.
Mrs. E. Bidder—Glass cheese dish.fi
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. James—Silver
berry spoon.
Mr. and Mrs. 1). Burton—Cut glass
berry bowl.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Ferris—Sterling
silver butter knife.
Mr. and Mrs. H. MacKeitzie—Cut|
glass olive dish.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Ege—Cut glass
butter dish.
Mr. and Mrs. T. 1). Evans—Cut
glass spoon tray.
Mr. and Mrs- J. Dixon—China salad
bowl with servers.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Davis-Half
doz. pearl fruit knives.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Staples—Cut glass
salts- with sterling silver spoons.
Mr, and Mrs. Alex. Taylor—Cut
glass and silver salad bowl.
Miss B. Taylor—Cut glass salts*
with sterling silver spoons.
Mr, and Mrs. II. Edwards—Glass
and silver cream and sugar.
Rev. E.   Curry, Michel—Half dozen
silver knives and forks-
Mr. and Mrs. (!. P. Tisdalc—Carving set.
Miss Addie Moore, Londonderry,
Ireland—Irish linen table cloth and
napkins and pillow cases.
Mr. Stanley Pock—Electric toaster.
Mr. A. Erickson—Leather chair.
Mr. J. D. Meltridc—Silver knives
and forks.
Mr.   and Mrs. T.     Nixon, Nanton,
A quiet but pretty wedding tools
place on Christmas morning at thc
home of the bride's parents, Mr. and
Mrs. E. D. Johnston, when their eldest daughter Ella Edna became the
bride of Mr. Harry J. Kendall, ot
this city, the Rev. W. Elson Dunham, pastor of the Methodist church,
officiating. As Lohengrin's wedding
march was played by Miss Florence
Belau, thc bride entered the room on
the arm of her father and took her
place beside the groom.
The bride was becomingly attired
in a gown of cream Alexandria cloth,
and carried a beautiful bouquet ol
bridal roses and lillies of the valley.
The young couple were attended by
Miss Ada Hickenbotham, as brides
maid, and Mr. J. S. Peck, as best
After hearty congratulations the
guests retired to the dining room,
where the wedding breakfast was
served. Many beautiful and useful
presents attested to the hign esteem
in which both young people are held
Mr. and Mrs. Rendall left on the
west hound liver for a short trip and
will return to make their home
this city.
At Christ church, Cranbrook, December 23rd, marriage was solemnized hy the rector, Rev. E. P. Flewelling, belween Frank Theodore Weinberg, of Kimberley, and Agnes Connolly, of Cranbrook.
At Christ church, Cranbroola, ot
the evening of I>ccember 21str William Robert Gibbs and Dora Elizabeth Barrett were united in the holy-
bonds of matrimony by thc Rev. E
IV Flewelling, rector.
Services were held on Christmas
day in Christ church at 6 a.m., 8
a.m. and 11 a.m.
The earliest service was designed
for tlie few who, because ot secular
duties, could not attend at a later
hour. The quiet ot the early morning was conducive to devotion; and a
very helpful service was the effect,
At 8 o'clock a goodly number came
Tor "The Breaking of Bread." This
service was brightened by thc singing
of thc beautiful familiar Christina*
hymns "The Adeste Fideles" and
At the It o'clock service the church
was filled. The service was began
with a very pretty Christmas hymn
"Christians Awake." The service
was choral, Tallls' Festal Responses
being used.
The anthem by Thomas Smith,
"For Unto Is," wan well rendered
by the choir under the leadership of
Mr. Hrymner. The service throughout was bright and hearty, the congregation taking proper part throughout.
The number of communicants at
the three services far exceeded the
numbers at any Christinas services
in the history of the parish. The
offerings for the day were liberal,
cheering the heart of the treasurer,
who always strives faithfully to
have a clear balance sheet at Ihe
end of the year.
The annual treat for the children of
the school will be given in the Carmen's hall on the afternoon of Monday, January nth, the festivnl of tig'
Epiphany. Children will assemble
at the hall at 1.30 o'clock.
Contributions in money for purchase of gifts, will be thankfully received hy the rector. Contributions
in articles required for the tables,
will be thankfully received by the
ladies of the Guild of Christ church
at the hall at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.
FOR KKNT.-Omce building OB
Fenwick avenue, corner of Bator
street, formerly occupied by the
Lund Land and Development Company. For particular! apply to P.
Lund, Wardner. 27-tt
We Wish You
Happy* and
New Year
Halsall & Co.
« »
J   Fruit Ornamental »
«,       Trees Shrubs       »
P. DE VERE HUNT, Local Ajrent
Phone 139 Cranbrook, B. C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
D. R. WILE1E, President.
Acoounti   of   Corporation.!,   Municipalities,
Farmers and Private Individuals invited. Mm^M
Drafts and Letters of Credit issued available iu any part of
tbe world.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT - Special attention
given to Savings Bank Accounts. Deposits of $1.01) and
upwards received and interest allowed from date of deposit.
Cranbrook Branch: ii. W. SUPPLE, Mgr.
This Range Makes Cooking Easy
The Range to Buy. Come in and see them
Cranbrook. B. C.
Phone 5  $
should have a vane ol
every Sunday—anil none bat the choicest are worth while. We mnke a
Hpeculty of charming bouqueti (or any occasion. Our expert designer
has the " knack" of giving that perfect arrangement to any Moral
Decoration which stamps it with supreme beauty.
Scnreiof Societies, Clubs, Churches, Etc., send here foi ilit-ii (lowers.
Let us till your next order.   If It amounts to |5.00 or more,
to your station. Rush orders executed in an hour's time. Lenvo
them to
Phone No. 17211.   Night Call-3015
224 8th Ave. West - -        CALGARY
Read tbe Herald, $2.00 Year A
We wish all our many Patrons
and the Public
A Happy
and Prosperous
New Year
The Beattie-Murphy Co., Limited
The QexqJlJL Store
Cranbrook - - - B. C.
A Happy
New Year
A Bright and Prosperous New Venr is imr
wish for all, mill if hy
any chance yon have
overloakeil anyone, we
still have left some very
nice gifts, which we
are certain will be very
acceptable, even shonlil
they arrive a little late.
Jeweler and Optician
Meet me at Bob's Place.
Miss Opir, of U'asa. is spending
holidays in town.
Meet me at Bob's Place.
Mrs. Erickson gave a delightful
dance on Christmas night.
Mrs. Tracey, of Lethbridge, Is the
guest ot Mrs. Geo. Hoggarth.
Mrs. Watts and Mrs. Salmon were
visitors in town on Monday last.
Born.—Oil December 30th, to Mr.
ami Mrs. (}. A. Thompson, of Gold
Creek, a son.
FOR RENT.-Store 44x25 ft.,
possession December 1st. Apply \V.
J. Atchison. 46-tt
Miss Bessie Dye returns to the
Norma! school at Vancouver on
Monday next.
1). V. Mott has been appointed
general agent lor B. C. tor the
Ntudchaker car.
Horn.—On December 30th, at the
Cottage hospital, to Mr. and Mrs.
!■'. Lower, u daughter.
Air. and Mrs. George Hoggarth
gave a musical at the Hotel Cran-
I brook on Saturday evening last.
FOR SALE.—Ten thousand shares
Society Girl stock, Moyie, in blocks
to suit. I need the money.—W. R.
Reatty. 4ft
FOR   SALE    at a sacrifice, lady's
■oon   skin    coat, gold   tilled watch.
her j \pply Mrs. \\.  \\.  McDonnell," Clark
avenue. t-lt*
Miss Clark, ol Mocleod, AUa .
spent Christinas with Mrs. Leftcli,
Mr. and Mrs Cock arc ihi* guests
of Mr. and Mrs H T. Brymuer over
Born.—At Cottage hospital On
December 26th to Mr and Mrs 0 s
Keysor, a daughter.
Mrs. Oordon Sutherland, ol Mcdi
cine Mat, iponl the weekend with
her mother, Mrs  Leltcti
Mr. nod Mrs Watson Hall spent
Christmas in Cranbrook with Mrs
1 .pitch, Mrs. Hall's mother.
Miss Griffin, of Calgary. Alberta,
is staying with Mis Harold Darling
dining the Christmas holidays.
Mr Salmon, of Lethbridge, is the
guest ol Mis Watts, at WaltBbUrg,
ilining thc Christmas holidays.
Mr. EM. Elwell, who lias been ill
lor several days, is recovering and
expects to be about again next
■ lack A. MacDonald has gone down
to Vntlgonfsb, N. S , to visit a sick
brother. He experts to be away
about i wo months.
E H Small has gone to Strath-
more. Alberta, some thirty miles
beyond Calgary, where he will take
over the King IJdward. a line, modern
hotel, with accommodation for fit-go-
tj guests
It takes a Rood business man ti>
hilly value good printing, and to lay
down the law, in his office, against
inferior printing—no matter if it
Bhould he "cheaper" in price. Tlie
printing olwnya represents the tmsi
Word comes from the coast that
the poll tav is doomed. Notification
has been     received at the provincial
i assessor's office in the courthouse,
New Westminster, that all receipt
books issued for the collection ol
poll tax are to be returned to .T. B.
McKilligan, surveyor ol taxes and
inspector of revenues, and that collect ion of the tax was to cease      on
I December 81st, 1912.
Attention Conservatives
of the Cranbrook Central Association will
lie helil here on tho eveninK of
Friday, Jan. 10th
To discuss business of importanoo to every
Conservative in the district, and everyone
should attend.
Many shrewd persons save
their money buy buying diamonds set in rings, pins and
other art ictus of jewelry. You
can always sell a diamond at
a fair profit—if you buy right.
Purchasing diamonds will not
only, therefore, enhance your
personal appearance, but save
your money—and bring you
a reasonable profit.
When you make up your mind ti
use nothing but good printing—yp
make a big jump forward in you;
business. It's one of those decision!
you look back to in after years
with amazement at your i
mind, which postponed 11
Meet me at Bob's Place.
Boomers wanted. 'Phone 189.        1
Harry Robichaud left Tuesday for a
visit to Spokane.
Customs collections for December,
PU2, amounted to $5461.83.
Mr. Dexter, ol Alice Siding, who
has been engaged to take the place of
Miss Dick in the Cranbrook public
schools, has arrived in the city.
WANTED.—Position by stenographer with six years experience in
all kinds of general office work. Good
references. Box 133, C'ranbrookt, B.
C i-lf
Dr. F. K. Miles who was suddenly
called to Kalispell, Mont., last Saturday by thc death of his uncle,
Frank R. Miles, returned this
The annual meeting and election of
officers of the Cranbrook Poultry and
Pet Stock association will be held
at tbe city hall tomorrow (Friday)
evening, January 3rd. It is hoped
that all members will be present.
The deal Tor the Hanson estate at
Wasa may now be considered un fait
accompli, as both Mr. Hanson and
his local solicitors have been advised
that a payment of $50,000 on account, has been forwarded from England.
-lames Finlay left for Spokane this
morning to arrange with his business
associates in that city for his forthcoming visit tn Paris, France, where
his mission will be to interest
French capital in some coal mining
properties in which he and his associates are heavily interested.
Lawrence Power was found dead in
bed at the Golden restaurant ami
boarding house about 2 o'clock last
Wednesday morning. Power carried
stationary engineer's papers and was
one of the host known men in this
section of British Columbia. He had
lived at Golden and Atbalmere for a
number of years.
An official "call" has been issued
for the third annual convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, to he
held in Victoria on Monday, January
J3th, and following days. At the
close of the session it is expected
tbe delegates will make their annual
call upon the prime minister to present suggestions in the matter of
labor legislation. The annual convention of the B. C, Pairs association is to be held in Victoria on the
25th proximo, when representatives
of all the various agricultural associations of the country will attend,
even Fort George, in distant Caribou, having already named its delegates.
1). J. McSweyn, manager of the
Fink Mercantile company's clothing"
department, will be leaving for bis
new field of labor about the 15th'
inst. He is going to take over tbe
management of thc Shawnigan Lake
hotel, which has recently been purchased, together with a large block
of the finest arabfe land, by Mr.
James Finlay. Whilst Mr. McSweyn,
will occupy the position ot manager
for the next six months, it is optional with him to remain longer,
or, as he intimates may be tbe case,
he will likely engage in business in
the city of Vancouver, on his own
account. He has already rented
premises in the Terminal city, with I
j a view to some day engaging in business there. It would be quite impossible for tho Herald to express
adequately tlie wide regret expressed
at Mr McSweyn's forthcoming dc-
I parture from Cranbrook. He has
jbeen engaged in business in this city
I for a long period, and as a business
man, bis standing Is very high. He
will be greatly missed In many circ-i
les in this city, particularly by mem-'
hers of the Craft and of the Cranbrook Operatic society, of which be Is
an active member.
1 FOR SALE.—Circular sawmill
machinery, complete with edger,
trimmer and sorting rig, in first-
class running order; also alt up.
purt«nonoe.8 thereto. Capacity
70,000 ft. B. M. per 10 hours. Several logging trucks and sleighs and
general loggers' outfit. Also two Iota
and office building, corner Baker St.
and Fenwick Ave.     For further par-
i ticulars apply to Tbe Lund Land and
Development Co.; Ltd. 33-tI
j Arrangements are already well in
hand for the annual bousplcl of the
Golden Curling club, which will com-
! mence on January 27th, and J. C.
Sbeirlock, secretary, reports that
rinks are expected here from puints
in tho upper country and cities east
and west to compete for the many
valuable prizes which will be offered.
The local rinks are at present curling for the trophies presented for
local competition and a good season's
sport is expected to be provided by
the grand old roarin' game.
The appointment of a commission
to consider tlie question of better
terms for British Columbia will be
dealt with by the Dominion government on the return of Prsmler Borden. There arc to he, according to
tho arrangement agreed upon, three
commissioners, to be selected by the
province, the Dominion and the colonial office. The question to be determined is as to whether or not the
province of British Columbia, for
physical reasons, is entitled to ;| preferential subsidy from the Dominion,
The question has been at issue between the province and Dominion for
many years, hut is now in a fair
way of being settled.
Lady Show V0U, a white Plymouth
Uock hen, that wmi the national
egg-laying contest at the state
poultry station, Mountain Grove,
Mo., has been bought by an Illinois
man for W00. Her record was
281 full-weight eggs in the year.
Lady Show You, having convinced
even the people from Missouri of her
worth, is the undisputed champion in
bemlom. Her example is such a
good one that all other hens in -ill
other places would do well to follow
it. Thus would tbey prove themselves to be the benefactors ot the
humans who are now paying around
75 cents a dozen for new-laid eggs
just as good as tbe storage house
ones at 3! cents.
A branch of the National Railway
association is being organized in
Sarnia, Ont., and the stock is being
subscribed by local railway men. The
branch will open iu thc grocery line
and later widen to dry goods, hoots
and shoes, etc. The object of the
branch is to keep down the high cost
of living, and the movement is hacked
by the National association, which is
capitalized at five millions, with
headquarters In Toronto. These
branches have been in operation iu
Mlmico, West Toronto, North Bay
and a number of other places. It is
understood that some two hundred
railway families in Sarnia have pledged themselves to support the proposed branch there, which will be a
serious matter to the local grocers.
Mr. 0. P. Forde, or Rcvelstokp,
for the past two years resident provincial engineer for the West Kootenay district, has been appointed re-
sklent Federal government engineer
for the whole of Kootenay electoral
riding in succession to Hon. F. W.
Ay liner. Mr. Ayliner has been in
charge of the ridings of Yale-Cariboo
and Kootenay and the district has
now been divided into two parts on
account of the heavy programme of
public works which is in progress and
which is planned fur next year. He
will in future have charge of the Yule-
Cariboo riding. Mr. Forde is an
old-timer in British Columbia. Twenty-two years ago he joined the engineering stall of the Canadian Pacific
railway in British Columbia and for
seven years, previous to his appointment us resident provincial engineer,
was resident engineer for the company at Revelstoke.
Mr. Lloyd George's head, according
to a writer in an Indian magazine,
has increased in size from 23 to 23 {
inches during the last eight or nine
years, The circumference of. M.
Paderewski's head is 23J inches;
that of Kubelik is 22) inches, Mark
Hambourg 231, George Robey 23>,
Harry Lauder, 23g, Robert Blatch-
ford 231 and Sir Robertson Nicoll
23J. Sir Geo. Alexander and Sir Hiram Maxim each claim 21 inches, Sir
Ernest Shockletnn, !)2f, Dr. Russet
Wakefield, Bishop of Birmingham,
281, Dr. John Clifford, 23;, Mr. Hen-
ntker Hen ton 21'., Ranjitsinhji 22,
C, B. Fry and tbe'llev. \{ J. Campbell 22i, the lute Mr.,Wilson Barrett 24, and the late Dr. Joseph
Parker 24J. Many of the best literary types of head vary from a little
under 23 to 23J inches, and beyond
this measurement and up to 21J in
ehes are found men of powerful Intellects. Beyond 25 inches the sclent-
lit of the head begins to look for
hydrocephalic tendencies.
It is the intention of the attorney-
general at the next session of the
legislature to introduce a hill pro
viding for the appointment of a
provincial auditor, who shall occupy
I an independent position somowha-l
ana-lagous to that of the auditor-
general of the Dominion, that Is to
say, he will not be subject to dismissal except by a resolution of the
legislature after charges have been
preferred against him and an inquiry
held. The idea is that tlie auditor
who occupies Ibis position will he
able to see that the law Is enforced
and that no public money Is expend*
ed illegally. There will be a treasury hoard composed of members of
the government competent to overrule bis decisions, but in all such
cases a report will have to be made
to the legislature at tlie following
session, setting forth In full the expenditure to which the auditor objected and his reasons for objecting,
together with the reasons of the
treasury hoard for overruling him.
Mr. F. T. Congdon, ex-M. P. for
the Yukon, arrived in Vancouver last
Monday and left in thc evening for
Toronto and Ottawa, via Seattle and
St. Paul. To a representative of
the News-Advertiser, he stated that
lie would he a candidate for the Federal parliament at the next general
elections if lie could secure the nom-
I iaatiou. He    declared     that the
wholesale dismissal of office holders
had made Dr. Thompson, the present
Conservative member, very unpopular and he was confident the constituency would go Liberal hy an
overwhelming majority. He expressed a belief that in a very few
'years the Klondike and Alaska would,
| become the greatest gold-producing
fields in thc world. One reason for
l the opinion was the installation nf
modern machinery such as big dredges which enabled the mining to he
carried on more thorough lilies. The
present, year's output was a record
j one. Prospecting was going oil
steadily, ami with success. Mr.
Congdon said that the condition
[governing the staking out of claims
should he considerably modified; as
Hie present laws put the miner at a
great disadvantage, lie was put to
n tremendous expense before being
able to mine a shovelful of ore.
Sincere Wishes
for a
Happy and
New Year
McCreery Bros,
Cranbrook'* Dry Goods and Clothing Stores
WHEREAS, In times past it hath been the custom
in sundry places and divers manners on the recurrence of the day whereon is celebrated the
Birth of our Saviour for all good people to scr.d
felicitations and good wishes to their best and
dearest friends:
Now, therefore, know ye that the good things said
said and done in the Olden Tyme be not forgotten and fall into desuetude, to the detriment
of the good feeling holding between friends, and
WHEREAS. It is good and profitable to the soul's health
to interchange sentiments of goodwill, particularly at this time and especially toward those for
whom a sincere regard is entertained, and
WHEREAS, It is desirable that this commendable custom should be maintained, we hereby in all good
faith and honesty wish our many friends and
customers, Health, Happiness, and all the Compliments of this Joyous Season.
♦ *
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♦ ♦
♦ 4
Cooperative Stores
« *
« * .
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******»********t***************<»*************i***************»****^  '
MiiiMMMiiiiiMtO * ******•**************•***—* THE   CRA.1SBKOOK   HEfiAUD
The New
Blue Amberol Records
played on an
Edison Phonograph
will give you more pleasure than any records or any sound-reproducing
instrument have ever been capable of Riving you before. This is because
the Blue Amberol has caught all of thc richness and
beauty of the music sung or played by the great artists, and
because the Edison Phonograph brings out all that is in
thc Blue Amberol. And thc pleasure yoy take in your
Edison and Blue Amberols will never diminish because
the Blue Amberol will never wear and is practically
unbreakable.   Hear them today at your Kdison dealer's.
Thotnu A. Edison, Inc., 100 Lakeside At*., Oram*, N. J., U. S. A.~
A complete line of Ediion Phonographs »nd Records will be found at
"The Beattie-Murphy Company. Limited"
1 The Cranbrook Drug and Book CoM Ltd/'
ed hut for the Balkan trouble. The
upkeep ol these men means an expense ot about 20 cents a day each.
Then, calculating the price In wages
to these men to an average of about
London, Jan. 1.—The cost in money to all the nations of the Balkan
war has heen reckoned up and the
cost is going up day by day. The
reports as to the kilted and wounded
include only (lie period up to Hie
proclamation of thc armistice.
England,    of    the great European
powers not actually engaged In    tho
war, has escaped with the least   expense.     Almost the entire extra cx-
\   pense incurred hy the British govern
•  ^ynt was lor naval movements    and
J*~*\s outlay has heen officially placed
'    at   WOu.OUl).     There was no mohlli/.-
ation of troops
Exact figures
very hard to gc
partly correct.
.- England.
from Belgrade are
hut the figures are
Servia had 800,	
men, of these 50,00(1 stayed at home
for service there. They lost 22.(Kill
killed and wounded, (if these they
claim only 4000 were killed and the
rest wounded.
The Bulgarians sent lo the Held
80(1,0(10 men with 50,000 on the nor
them frontier. They lost in killed
and wounded 80,000 men aud at Kirk
Kilisseh alone they lost 20,000.
Montenegro sent 75,000 men to the
front, of which they losl between
«500 and 7000.
The Creeks contributed 120,000
men and thev have lost up lo the
time of writing about 7l)fl» men.
Servia was spending $100,000 a day
from October 18 until Decemher 33,
making $6,000,000. She mobilized her
army eighteen days previous to tho
outbreak of war, which cost, her $1,-
80),ooo. She has a reserve fund
Plough for her to fight four months
longer without borrowing,
Bulgaria, for sixty days has been
spending $120,000 a day, making $7,-
020,000. Her mobilization cost
her another S3,160,000.
Greece has paid out $:i,ii(iO,ooo up
to the time of writing, that is about
$60,000 a day.
Montenegro spent $10,000 per day,
and she has fought for fifty-seven
days, bringing her expenses up to a
total of $150,001), all of which was
supplied hy Russia and Italy.
Servia has captured, according to
official information 308 rannan, 213,-
000 rifles of various types, hundreds
of quick-firing guns, 42,000,000 cartridges and 110 wagons. The ammunition and all the rest of the
property is iu good shape. Servia
gave Bulgaria $0,000,000 for war expenses, besides much ammunition and
the uniforms for 30,000 men.
At present Austria-Hungary's daily
expenses for her army are calculated
at ahout $200,000, and those of the
navy expenses, $80,000, The total
expenses are estimated at about
$260,000 a day. This outlay has
now been going on for 00 days, therefore Austria's total military and
navy expenses tn date has been about
$211,400,000. The loss in wages and
international profits is more dlmeull
to compute, hilt high financial authorities in Vienna put it al $15,000,-
Italy's army being already on a
war footing following the Tripoli
campaign her military expenses, owing to Balkan situation is far less
than it would otherwise he. The
war department at Rome estimates
Ihnt 00,000 men are still with the
colors who would have heen disband
nts a day,-a head, though
many of them lost a great deal
more, the total expenses of Italy is
$72,000 a day, or a total up to date
of $3,140,000.
In Berlin it is understood one hundred thousand German troops are involved In the war preparations at an
expense of $8000 per day. The preparations in Germany extended over
live WOflkS, giving an approximate
outlay of $280,000. To this must
he added the cost of commandeering
10,000 carriages and trucks for moving tho men and supplies, which have
been going on for a month a rail-
load service of $100,000. This is in
addition to normal expenses for the
maintenance of tho Serman army,
which is always on a war footing.
Though Franco, properly speaking,
did not mobilize her army to any
legree as a result of Balkan crisis,
she went to great extra outlay for
military preparation. For the past
six weeks France has been spending
(1,000,00(1 a week on military prc-
uar.itions over and above the routine
'■nst of her army. Instead of having 680,000 men with Ihe colors, the
French have at present over 700,000
men. Such a partial mobilization
costs millions of dollars over and
above the regular military expenses.
K.ich reservist must be transported
from his home to the garrison to
which he belongs and must he clothed
and equipped.
As Ihis operation is renewed every
four weeks when a fresh contingent
comes up, the cost is very large and
an estimate of it is difficult. But
with this mobilization service working at high pressure and getting all
i lie machinery ready iu case of a
general mobilization, it costs a
great deal of money. Orders for
oaoll individual man were prepared,
the railway authorities were worked
night and day preparing lime tallies
lor trips to take this enormous mass
of men and the thousands of tons of
war stores and provisions In addition papers were made oul to rei|iii
si tion railway horses and atltos for
the military service, to carry war
material and forage and generally do
everything that human foresight
ciiuM do to reduce not by days but
by hours and minutes the time of
mrhili/.ation of the effective lighting
machinery of the third republic.
The "Fairy Godfather ot Roads in
Canada" is the well-deserved title
which has recently been bestowed upon \V. -I Kerr, president of the Ca-
nodlan Highway association. No man
has done more to father the great
movement for a continuous highway
iu Canada than lie. With an active
organization at his back lip has given
an impetus to the good roads movement during the past year (crystallized at the recent convention) which
cannot he conveyed hy printed word.
In his work he has been aided
strongly by A. E, Todd, the well
known motorist of Victoria, who is
a vice-president ot the Canadian
Highway association, in addition to
being president of the Victoria Automobile club.
Tiro universal slogan of civilized
mankind today; the movement winch ,
has swept like an earthquake wave ■
over the old world and the new; the
crying need in freshly-opened countries, and the greatest factor ot all
in development—each and all are expressed in the words, "Good Roads."
Every stage of progress has registered itself in the road. Primitive
man walked in a trail that wandered
whither it listed, and ended where he
became weary. He saw the trail
and recognized the tracks thereof, but
whence it came and whither it went
he knew not. It was simply a trail
and nothing more, without beginning
of time or ending of days; it was as
aimless as his life.
There is something primitive and permanent and
imperishable about the
road. Mankind has never got anywhere without a road, and the rate
and direction of human progress has
always been determined by thc
roads of a people.
Thc inventions of modern progress
have essayed to despise the road.
Steamships have sailed away in contempt of thc highway on the shore,
and the locomotive has sounded its
jeering screech at every crossing on
its right of way. Trolley cars hove
whizzed past and now the aeroplane
shakes the dust of earth from its
wmgs and rises in disdain above the
old dirt road.
But the road stays on. The ascending rockets of ambition oft fall
hack, stick-like, upon the earth, and
some of the high-minded travellers
arc often more than glad to take
unce more to the good old road their
lathers trod. The road is very
much like human life, in that it bears
the scars of all who pass over It. It
has been in turn the path of progress, the trail of torture, the highway to happiness, the road to riches
—and the poor house. Priests and
paupers, millionaires and medicants,
maidens and soldiers and little children all pass in the road—for once on
a common level.
It has been proven by a pathfinder
of considerable eminence that a real
Canadian highway does not exist;
that the way which has been so termed is often a mere trail, frequently
indistinguishable, sometimes losing
itself altogether in the vastness of
the prairies or in the thick of a
forest. Corduroy roads, old gumbo
roads, are component parts of it;
now and then the great Canadian
highway runs amuck in old farmyards
or terminates abruptly at some
saloon door.
Cranbrook District.
TAKE NOTICE that, Annie Muc-
auley, of Cranbrook, B.C., occupation nurse, inteuds lo apply lor permission to purchase the following
described laud:
Commenciog at a post planted at
thc N. W. corner of Lot 10080, G. L,
thence north 50 chains, more or less,
to tlie southwest corner of Lot 3552,
Q.L; thence east 40 chains; thence
south 00 chains, more or less, to the
N. 13. corner of Lot 1008C, G.L;
thence west 10 chains, more or less
to point of commencement, contain,
ing 200 acres, more or less.
Annie Macaulcy, Applicant,
.i. G  Cummlngs, Agent.
Staked Dee. 10th, 1012., 52-91*
A.F. &
A. M.
Hegular meetings on
tlie   third   Thursday
ol every mouth.
Visiting brethren welcomed.
D. J. McSweyn, W.M.
.]. S. I'eck, Secretary.
District oi   Kast Koottaay.
TAKE NOTICE that Thomas Joyce,
of Calgary, Alta., occupation, mason,
intends to apply lor permission to
purchase tlie iollowiug described
Commencing at a post planted oa
the south end ol an island in the
Kootenay river, opposite Lot 35tf,
and two chains east ol the north end
ol the island applied tor by W.
Murdoch; thence north 40 chains,
more or less; thence all around the
island, back to point ol commencement. .
Thomas Joyce, Applicant.
W. Murdoch, Agent.
Dated 16th November, 1912.    48-9t
Orescent Lodue No. MM
Cranbrook, B. C.
Meets   every   Tuesday at • p.m. at
Fraternity Hall.
N. S. Houston, C.C.
F. A. Stride, K. ot R. & S.
Visiting brethren   cordially invited
to attend.
Hotel International
Qbu. LnNfiPRK, Proprietor
Situated at Kingegate, B.C., on
the Boundary Line, in a spot of
rare scenic beauty and the eportl-
man'B paradise.
Headquarters for Commercial Men and Tourists
B. X
Meets every Monday
night at New Fraternity Hall. Sojourning Oddlellowt cordially invited.
II. E. Stephens, W. M. Ilairis
N. O. Stc'J.
Meets first and    ttrird Wednesdays
in each month.
A   cordial reception extended     to
visiting brothers.
Officers July 1st to December 31st.
H, White, Chief Patriarch
D. F. Rodkey, Scribe.
Hotel Coeur D'Alene
Spokane. Wash.
j   Many Good Men Rubbed of High 1
BuBines and Social Standing
by Drink
1                      Ouredat 1
1                     in tlirflo days I
|          Box 836, Cmnbrook, 11. 0. |
Barrister, Solicitor* Etc.
Monoy tu loan on favorable turme.
Spokane, Wash., Dpc. 30.—Bringing
with him a 13 mouths' old Ilolstein
bull, which he bred at his White
Bluffs farm, 1). (J. Monroe, a prominent eastern Washington cattle man,
stock raiser and breeder, arrived this
morning and left at. 2 p.m. on the
Canadian Pacific for Kingsgate, Mr.
Monroe will return from Kingsgate,
lint tlie prize hull will he taken to
Winnipeg to W, •). Cummings, It's
new owner. Mr. Miinroe sold the
bull for $10,000.
"That's quitp a compliment and an
honor to sell an animal to a complete stranger without ever having
the buyer see the hull," said Mr.
Munroe, "und particularly when the
buyor writes a cheque for four     flg-
London, Dee. 31.—It Is reported
that the King's New Year honors Include a peerage for .lames Hryce, the
British ambassador to the United
For a License to Take and Use Water
that the Crows Nest Pass Lumber
Co., Ltd., ol Wardner, B.C., will apply for a license tu take and use 10
cubic feet per second of water out of
Little Bull River, which Hows in a
southerly direction through Lot
313, G. 1., and empties into Kootenay River crossing at Lot 4838. The
water will be diverted at government
road, and will be used for limning
logs on the land     described as Lots
;fl59, 2060, 4839 and 4838, Group 1.
This notice was posted on the
ground on the 9th day of December,
1912. The application will be filed
iu the office of the Water Recorder at
Objections may be filed'with      the
said Water     Recorder   or   with the
Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Crows Nest Pass   Lumber Co., Ltd.,
by W. F. Gurd, Agent. 51-4t
No wonder thc Canadian Highway
association is extending all its efforts to build up a strong coherent
link between east and west, between
Atlantic and Pacific. Strange it is
thai after occupying this northern
continent so long we should jest be
beginning to build roads in a large
way. Stranger still that it lias
taken Hie bicycle, the automobile and
the scientific farmer to make the
movement anything more than a politician's shouting point in a campaign. But it is coming, and there
is a new appreciation of good roads
abroad in the land.
British Columbia has been one of
the first to take up the thread of the
movement and weave it into something strong ami lasting. It possesses the best roads in Canada—and
the worst. Within its boundaries
are exemplified all that a road should
be and all that it should not. In
time other provinces will follow the
lead, will build and build, until like a
winding ribbon of white the highway
stretches from shore to shore.
The road is a challenge, and no
man with a spark of ambition can
continually resist its appeal. It goes
somewhere, and way down in the
distance there is a clump of trees, a
turn of the hill and beyond that the
mysterious and magic call of the
unknown. Tlie road has always called men out of their ruts and smaller
horizon to the bigger things that
flit beyond and hide behind every
distant grove.
There is an unconscious and official
dignity about the road; any road you
j please. It may be but a rough
track worn by the clumsy carts of
the peon, but it is a path dedicated
by Ihe tramp of weary feet and
christened by the drops of sweat
(hat have tested the burden of toil.
No. 19.
Meets every second And   fourth Wed*
uesday at Fraternity Hall.
Sojourning   Rebekabs  cordially invited.
Mrs. Alma Liddicoat, N.G.
Mrs. A. E. Parker, Sec.
District of South East Qlooteaay.
TAKE NOTICE that .John Stanley
Peck, of Cranbrook, B. C, occupation, Employment Agent, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted
about 20 chains in a westerly direction from the north-west corner of
T. L. 6575; thence 80 chains west,
more or less, to tbe east boundary of
lot 6231; thence north 40 chains,
more or less, to the south boundary
of lot 9236; thence east 10 chains,
more or less, to the northwest corner of lot 9234; thence south 40
chains, more or less, to the southwest corner of lot 9231; thence east
80 chains, more or less, to the point
due north of the point of commencement; thence sbuth 10 chains, more
or less, to the point of commencement, containing 200 acres, more or
John Stanley Peck.
Dated November 23rd, 1912.     4»-9t
District of East Kootenay.
TAKE NOTICE that Alfred Pig-
ott, of Cranbrook, B.C., occupation]
Carpenter, Intends to apply fur permission to purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at
the southwest corner of Lot 9104,
thence south 20 chains; thence east
20 chains; thence north 20 chains;
thence west 20 chains to point of
commencement, containing 40 acres,
more or less.
Alfred Pigott.
Arthur Henry Pigott, Agent
Dated October 28th, 1912.       45-9*
East Kootenay District.
TAKE NOTICE that Laura E.
Green, of Vancouver, B. C, married
woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described land:
Commencing at a post planted at
the S. E. corner of Lot 335, G.I.,
thence south forty chains, thence
east twenty chains, more or less, to
the west shore ol premier Lake,
thence northerly following the said
west shore a distance of fifty chains,
more or less, to a point due east of
point of commencement, thence west
five chains, more or less, to point of
commencement, containing fifty
acres, more or less.
Laura E. Green, Applicant.
J, G. Cummlngs, Agent.
Staked November Uth, 1912.    47-9
Meets in Carmen's Hall Second and
Fourth Thursday of each month at 3
p.m. sharp
Wm. Henderson, C.R.
L. Pearron, Sec., Box 818.
Visiting brethren made welcome.
Meets in Carmen's Hall tint tad
third Thursday ol each moati at
8 p.m. sharp.
Mrs. Lulu Hayward, Rec. Sec.
W. B. McFarlane, Chief Ranger.
Visiting brethren made welcome.
A modern equipped Cafe at moderate
Rates |1.00 and up per day
Gorner of Howard Bt. and Front Ave.
Our bus meets all trains
Barristers, Solicitors and
Monoy to Loan
The Coeur D'Alene Company
JABOB QOETZ, President
HARRY F. BAER, Secretary
Physicians and Surgeons.
OBiis at Resides^, Armstroni In.
Forenoons - - -
Afternoons - -
Evenings - - -
daodaya - - -
- 9.00 to 10.04
a.ou to 4.00
7.80 to   8.30
1.80 to   4.86
:i    h    u    B.
Meets in Carmen's    Hall Sad    and
4th Tuesday every month at I a.m.
Membership   open   to British   eiti
N. A. Wsllinger, W. C. Crsbblu
Pres. Seo'v.
P. O. Box 428
Visiting members cordially welcora
P. W. BwilS, Dirt.
Cranbrook Lodge
No. 1010
Meets e.pry WeduMcIay
nt M p.m.ill Rnyal Hlack
Kniglii.' Hall, Baku
i trtet.
K. 8. GABRKTT, »«•
Pride ol Cranbrook   Circle, No.
Companions ot tne Forest.
Meets in Carmen's Hall 2nd and 4th
Thursday ol each month at *
p.m. sharp.
Mrs. I.. Wbittaker, CO,
Mrs. I. Heigh, SecretaBy,
Visiting Companions cordially welcome.
General (,'ounie -        $2.50 per week
KinriiTfunifii - »l 2"*     "
French nnil Muiiu BoU Kxtrm
Next i''im will lu'chi on .Inn. 6th.
President: T. S. Gill
Secretary: S. Macdonald
. For information regarding lands .
■ and  agriculture   apply   to the <
' Secretary, Cranbrook, B. C.
Every second Wednesday
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosohonol restores every nerve in the body
 S____ti> its proper tension; restores
vim and vitality. Premature decay and all sexual
weakness averted at once. Fboiphoaol will
.lukit vuii a new man, Price 18 a box. or two (or
(5. Mailed tn any address. Ths) Sootall Dru
Co., It. Calharlnoa, On*.
For sale at Beettie-Murpby Co., Ltl
For Sale
One Oxford Engine,  11 x 11.
May be seen nt Benedict Siding,
one mile east of Mayook, B. C.
For further particulars apply to
Leaak & Johnson, Elko, B. C.
Dr. Manel's Female Pills
Forty years in use, 20 years the
standard, prescribed and recommended by physicians. For Woman's Ailments, Dr. Mattel's Female
Pills, at yonr druggist.
1 ®
The Little     I
1 Pig 1
or the goose, tbe chicken
the duck,the turkey you
want for the Christinas
dinner—we'll have it; and
we'll have the finest, juiciest, sweetest, and most
savory assemblage of
meats ever on exhibition
in these parts.
• to 11 a.m.
1 to   • p.m.
7 to   8 p.m.
Office In Hanson Block.
CRANBROOK -       -       - B.
H. E. HALL,  D. D. S.
Crown and Bridge Work
a specinlty.
Office over F. Parka Hardware
Store, Baker Street
Phone No. 290
S East Kootenay      j
S        Butcher Co. {
* PHONE 57 6
The Home Bakery
Robert Frame, Prop.
Fresh Bread, Cakes, Pies, and
Pastries or All Kinds
Norbary Are.      Opp. City Hall
Headquarters for all kinds of
Satisfaction Guaranteed
The Shoe Specialist
Carries a lull stock ol
Repairs lor Above alwayi
In Block
BmxMior to P. T. P. rKRKY
j        n»«;
Nelson's Leading Hotel
Rooms with Baths.   'Phone in
every room
Barber Shop on the premiaes.
Thoroughly up-to-date.
Rates, $2.00 a day and up.
GEO. P. WELLS, Proprietor
B. TOMKIN, Manager
Cranbrook Cottage Hosnital
Terms on Application,
Phone 259 Matron,
P. O. Bos 845    Armstrong Ave
Cranbrook and Fort Steele
;-*.i°no?i«' Cranbrook, B.C.
•/WWW WV ▼▼ W W W^V WW
B.  C. land  Surveyor
CRANBROOK    -      B. C.
A M. Can. Soc. C. E,
Civil Engineer and Architect
Office over Cranbrook Drug and Book
Co's. Htore
Telephone 3B(i
P. 0. Bo* 87
W. R. BMttr, Kum.nl Olr.rtoi
Cnnbruok B. a
Phone 'AM
Norbary Ave., next to Cily Hall
Day Phone 233
Niiibt Hume :IM
Frank Provenzano
General Merchants
Employment Agents
P.O. BOX 184
■     B. C.
It you want satisfaction with
your washing  send
it to
Special prices for family work.
Oppollte O.F.R. Station
THE    PLACE    TO     GET    A
Indianapolis, Dec. 30.—The United
States government with stern ami
decisive swiftness took into its possession thirty-eight union labor ofll-
eials convicted of conspiracy, of promoting explosions on non-union work
throughout tbe land, of aiding in tbe
destruction which brought loss of life
in Los Angeles, Oal., aud of currying,
on a "reign of terror," declared to
lie unparalleled iu Ihe history of   tho
Almost tho entire executive staff
id tbe International Association uf
It ridge and Structural Iron Workers
was convicted. Only two otlicers of
this union now remain out of gaol.
At tbe bend of the list of those
convicted stands Frank M Ryan, the
It was in this union, with 12,0UI)
members, that John J. MoMamara
was sccrctary-trcasiirpr, while be
conducted tbe dynamitings, out of
which the present'convictions grew.
Winnipeg, Dec. BL—"The navai
question is not disturbing Ontario
half as much as reciprocity. Reciprocity is the whole cry throughout
Western Ontario. it is in everybody's mouth."
This is the declaration of Mr. I>. A.
Ross, M.IM'. for Springfield, Man.,
who has just returned from a tour in
Ontario, Michigan and Minnesota,
which he made for the purpose of
obtaining data < corning the enforcement td the tninlicj laws in
those places. Il<> says thai, according lo his observations, the trunacy
laws iu Ontario, Michigan and .Minnesota are highly successful. After
seeing tbe registers of scores o(
schools be found that tho attendance
under the truancy laws was always
within two or three of the enrollment.
Mr. Ross has twice Introduced a
bill in the Manitoba legislature providing for tbe enforcement of school
attendance in the province, which
has twice been thrown out by tbe
Roblin government. It is his intention to introduce the bill again at
the coming session.
Speaking of his inquiries in the
east he said:
"I found thc attendance      in    the
schools   of   Ontario,     Michigan and
Minnesota extremely good in the urban districts.     In the country    districts truancy laws   are not enforced j
always and a proportion of the farmers are often opposed to them. They j
argue that it is    none of the govern
ment's business whether they     send
their children to school   or not.      I
might mention that in every case    1
found the 'attendance   of foreign-born
children more regular than the      attendance of tire Canadian born.
"All the inspectors that 1 interviewed informed me that tbere is
little or no trouble with the so-called
foreign population. It is with the
native born Canadian that nearly all
the trouble arises. Thc net rcsulu
of my investigation is that tlie result of truancy laws is admirable."
Mr. Ross also seized the opportunity to sound Ontario opinion concerning reciprocity. He found, be
says, that hundreds of those who
voted for the Horden government at
the last election have decided that
they made a mistake.
"Sir Wilfrid Latiricr would carry
Western Ontario by storm," Mr. Ross
declared, "if an election werr duo
now. Ontario farmers are beginning
to realize what tbey lost by the rejection of reciprocity. Hundreds of
thousands of barrels of apples are
going to waste because the present
prices do not pay the farmer to pick
the fruit. All they could get for live
best kind of picked apples was (1.60
a barrel and tbe farmer pays 1">
cents for the barrel. A friend told
me that he had paid $2,r>!)0 duty on
apples shipped to HulTalo and then
made a profit ot StiOo on his slop
ments over and above what he could |
have got for the same apples in On- j
tario. These apples. 1 found on
making inquiry today, are worth $5
a barrel here.
"It is the same with oattlo. A lot!
of cattle men have bad to ship their j
beef to Buffalo, paying 27 per.    cent
duty.    In most cases tho duty   was]
over MOO and tbey cannot get        a
much for their cattle now, after pttl
tilling thorn all summer, as tbey paid The day is fast approaching in Can
for them In the spring. The cattle ftdn when the'politicians who talk so
business and trail crop Iu Ontario glibly of "disloyalty" will be hissed
this year have not been a paying from tbe public platform- There arc
proposition. 1 limt, lo.., Dial m> no more genuinely loyal people in
mense numbers ol Presbyterians, wta tho world to their country, (lag and
voted against Sir Wilfrid In I'M I on empire, than Canadians. It is time
account of their religious beliefs, are j that the practice of insulting the
realizing the mistake Ihey made, and ibtelligence of the people, bv charging
ore now ready to rectify it when sections with disloyalty, ceased.—
ihey get a chance." .Winnipeg Tribune.
Will Find a Helpful Suggestion
In This Letter.
Overworked, run-down, "fagged
out" women who fee] as though they
could hardly drag about, should profit
by Miss Hichter's experience. She
says: "Last winter I was completely
run down and fHt fagged out all the
time, was nervous
and  bad  Indiges-
"One of my friend.-; advised me to
take Vlnol, and it. has done me gr»at
good. The tired, worn-out feeling is
nil gone, aud I am strong, vigorous
aud well. The stomach trouble sooa
disappeared and now I eat heartily
and have perfect digestion, I wiBh
every tired, weak, nervous woman
could have Vinoi, for I never spent
any money in my lift.' that did me so
much good as that f spent for Vlnol."
Marie Richter, Detroit, Mich.
Thousands of women and men
who were formerly weak and Bickly
owe their present rugged health to
thc wonderful Btrength*creatlng effects
of Vlnol. We guarantee Vlnol to build
you tip and make you strong. If
it doeH not, we give back vour
Cranbrook, B.C.
• money.
Book   Co.,
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 31.—A remarkable scene In the struggle of
the wives of the prisoners to reach
their husbands attended the sentences. It was ordered that all tho
spectators should he cleared from the
room and tho prisoners be allowed to
talk with the members of their families.
Some of the men made pleas      for
mercy; others wept in the arms     of ;
their wives hut the court pronounced
I the sentence one by one regardless of
I the pleas.
Six men were given their liberties
through suspended sentences. These
included Edward Clark, of Cincinnati, dynamiter who confessed
to hlowing up a bridge with the help
Of Hockin. He had appeared as a
witness for the government.
Ortie McManigal, another confessed
dynamiter, was not sentenced at this
In some cases sentence of one year
and one day were imposed so that ,
these men might be confined In a federal prison. Prisoners with sentences less than one year are kept in
county jails.
Federal Judge Albert B. Anderson
bad many of the prisoners whom he
said be considered less guilty than
the rest brought before him to make
statements. For an hour and a half
tbe judge thus in a conversational
way talked with thc prisoners, asking them whether they believed in
dynamiting as a method of promoting
a strike.
All of the men professed innocence.
"I hope dod   will   strike me dead
if " pleaded  one prisoner      but
he was interrupted by the court.
Arrangements for taking ihe prisoners to Leavenworth on a special
train already had been made.
Frank M. Ryan, president of thc
Ironworkers International union was
given a* sentence of seven years.
Olaf A. 'I'veitmoe, of San Francisco, convicted on charges of aiding
iu plotting the destruction of the
I,os Angeles Times building and
Eugene A. Ckincey, also of San
Francisco, were given six years each.
since the session opened
have prominent members of tbe Liberal party stood up iu the house of
commons and made the offer on behalf of the opposition to facilitate
the passage of redistribution so thai
parliament might be dissolved and an
appeal made to the electors on the
navy bill. Mr. Borden has not
thought it advisable to take notice
of the offer marie hy Mr. Graham and
repeated by Mr. Guthrie, and if he
is to be forced to go to the country
lie evidently intends to stride the
voice of tbe west so far as that is
Redistribution,    if   carried
That the report from Ottawa
the effect that    the Liberal men
of the Dominion house will force
government    tu an election on
naval question    is   probably col
and that obstruction tactics will
carried on    when   the   house   n
again with Ibis end in view is
opinion of W. A. Buchanan, .M. 1'
Lethbridge, who was in Calgary    on
Mr. Buchanan was on bis way homo
when the Liberal caucus was called
hut stated yesterday that be was not
surprised at the report following
this caucus.
"As far as 1 can find out tlie feeling among thc Liberals of the Dominion in that this question should go
to.the country," he said. "Apparently the Liberals are anxious for a
fight    on this   question, and believe
In   they can defeat the government,
hers ! penally in Ontario.     It is also    the
the 'general opinion that the Nationalists
will be found   supporting tbe government on this question, but     iu     the
ranks of the   Conservatives themselves there appears to he a very divergent opinion.     In Quebec the Conservative leaders and    the Conservative
organs are advocating a direct   contribution and no Canadian navy now
or at any time in the future. In Toronto, however, they are emphasizing
ihe fact that    the present contribution is only an    emergency contribution, and that later on it is intend
ed to have a   Canadian navy.      The
split appears to he growing, and  the
Conservative party Itself js liable to
have some trouble with its own followers if the matter is brought to an
out i
strictly according to the population
totals indicated by the census of
1911, will increase Manitoba's membership in the commons from 10 to
15, Alberta's from 7 to 12, Saskatchewan's from 10 to Hi, and British Columbia's from 7 to 13. The
total gain to the west will be twenty-two, and the loss of the eastern
provinces will be eight. Thc west
under these conditions will have, including the member for the Yukon,
57 representatives in a house of 23-1,
or almost a fourth of the total.
Mr. Borden and his colleagues profess to have no fear of an adverse
vote from tbe west following upon
redistribution. Why, then, should
there lie further delay in the introduction of a redistribution bill?
Simple justice to the two million
people west of the great lakes re-,
quires that should an election on the
navy issue become necessary the influence of the west shall not he weakened by gross under-representation.
Lost Vitality
Caused     by    Kidney
Stomach and Bowel
St. John, N.B., September ISth,
1911.—My brother was a great sui-
ferer from kidney, stomach and how
el troubles and was given up by two
doctors. He was advised to try
your Fig Pills, which he did, and
after taking five boxes was completely restored to health and is better today than he has been for years.
You can't recommend Fig Pills loo'
.1. W. Maiivers.
At all dealers, 2fi and 511 cents    or
The Fig Pill Co., St. Thomas, Out.
Sold   hy the   Cranbrook   Drug and
Book Co., Ltd.
Herbert S
Hockin received      six
All of the
prisoners who received
prison terms
arc   to he taken      to
Kansas, probably     to-
Winnipeg, Dec, 3(1.—Grant Hall,
sistant general manager of western
Canadian Pacific railway lines for
tlie past year, was today made general manager ol western lines iu
charge of maintenance and operation
with headquarters at Winnipeg, to
become effective on January 1st,
George Bury, whose title bus been
vice-president and general manager,
drops the latter title and will devote
his attention wholly to the duties of
vice-president, Thc order was issued this morning signed by Vice-
President Bury and approved hy Sir
Thomas Q, shaughnessy, as president.
GIVEN to the Electors of the Municipality of   the     City of   Cranbrook
and I require the  presence    of    the
said Electors, at the Municipal offices I
on Norbary Avenue, in the City      of j
Cranbrook, on the 13th day of January, 1913, at 12 o'clock noon (I p.m. ,
local time) for tbe   purpose of electing persons to represent them In the '
Municipal Council as Mayor and Aid-j
ermen, and     public notice is further
given to   the    electors of the Cran-
brook School   District that I require j
the presence of the said electors    at !
the same place   and time for       the
purpose of electing  persons to represent    them on   the Board   of School
Trustees    for the   Cranbrook School
District as such School Trustees.
j qualified as  Municipal voters.   (19U0
i C. 32, S. 14).
I   The  qualifications by law required
, to he possessed by the candidates for
Ihe oflice of School Trustee are      as
Any person being a householder   in
I tne School District and being a Brit-
| ish subject of the full age of twenty-
one years and otherwise'qualified by
this Act to vote at an election      oi'
School Trustees in the School     District, shall be    eligible to be elected
or to serve as a School Trustee     in
such Municipal District. (1905, <'. !|,
S. 32).     (190(1, C. 39, S. 25).
j    No Trustee shall bold tbe ofllco    ot
leacher within the District of which
he   is a   Trustee,     provided always,
that no clergyman of any denomination shall'he eligible for the position
of Superintendent, Inspector, Teacher
I or Trustee.     (1905, C. 44, S. 10(1).
"Householder," iu thc case of Municipal School District shall mean and
include any person of the full age of
1 twenty-one years who occupies a
dwelling, tenement, hotel or boarding
house, or any part or portion of
a dwelling, tenement, hotel, or boarding house, aud who shall, unless
exempt by Statue or Municipal By-
Law, have paid directly to the Municipality, rates, taxes or fees of not
less than two dollars for the current
year.     (190U, C  39, S. 2).
Given under my bund at the City
of Cranbrook, this 26th day of December, A.D. 1912.
1-31 Returning Officer.
"We have got lo 'get next,' as our
American friends say; we have got to
better than that: We have got to
get closer; and we can do it ii we
but pull together. I have proven my
faith in British Columbia. And I can
tell you    that my example   is being
lowed by   dozens of other      men |
wlin have got     their stake on        the
"We, arc coming to British Columbia, and we arc coming to Vancouver
Island. When I started as a rancher
In Alberta (years ago) and I said
that Calgary would some day be a
big city, I was laughed at. Time has
justified me, Thc city of Cafgary
today is my justification, and, with
the same spirit in which I made that
prediction, 1 state that it will not be
many years before every availabl.
acre on this island of yours will be
occupied by the men and women who
have their money on the plains. They
must come here. There is nowhere
else tor them to go, and you can
look for it that within twenty years
Victoria will have behind it a supplying people (each of them with)
money in the bank) who will solve
the problem of the cost of living."
Then Mr. Burns said that business
all over the country was excellent,
never better; and he added that never
before were so many people In Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba,
looking forward to seeing more of
their own country, and, incidentally,
learning "what a great climate you
have." He was sure that this winter would see a greater influx of
people from thc prairies thaa any of
its predecessors, and "we prairie
people have a   habit of leaving some-
Then out spoke R, I.. Borden
The greatest In ihe state;
We'll teach the    world
i thing
And make it sit up straight.
We oversea.1
Know him
My splendid
Will, make
to do the. trlclfl,
naval policy
ill foeiiien sick.
We'll order three big battl
For which we'll send
To .chase old England's
And soak them iu the neck.
thing behind us when we leave
we very seldom do, unless we
business calls back) east."
Belleville, Out., Dec. 2R.—Sir Mackenzie Bowel I celebrated his 89th
birthday yesterday, working at his
desk on his paper, the Intelligencer,
afterward   attending a Masonic din-
The   mode of   nomination of candidates shall Ire as follows:
"Tlie candidates shall be nominated
in writing, the writing shall be subscribed by two voters of the Municipality, as proposer and seconder, and
shall be delivered to the Returning
Officer at any time between the date
of the notice and 2 p.m. (3 p.m. local
time) of the day of nomination; and
in the event of a poll being necessary, such poll will be opened on
the 16th day of -lanuaty, 1913, at
the Municipal Offices, Norbury
Avenue, Cranbrook, B. C, from thc
hour of 9 o'clock u.m. (10 o'clock
local time) and 7 p.m. (8 p.m. local
time) of which every person is hereby
required to take notice and govern
himself accordingly.
The qualifications by law required
to be possessed by the candidates for
the office of Mayor are as follows:
The persons qualified to be
nominated for and elected as Mayor
of the city shall he such persons as
are male British subjects of the full
age of twenty-one years, and are not
'disqualified under any law, and have
been for the six months next preceding thc day of nomination thc registered owner in the Land Registry
| Office, of land or real property in the
i City of the assessed value on the last
Municipal Assessment Roll, of One
Thousand Dollars ar more over and)
above any registered judgment or
charge, and who are otherwise duly
qualified as Municipal voters. (1906,
C. 32, S. 14).
The qualifications hy law required
to be possessed by the candidates for
the olfice of Aldermen are as follows:
The persons qualified to he nominated for and elected as Aldermen of
the City shall be such persons as are
male British subjects of the full age
ol twenty-one years and are not disqualified under any law, and have
heen for the six months next preceding the day of nomination thc registered owner in the Land Registry
Office of land or real properly In the
City   of    the   assessed value on the
Loudon, Dec. 28.—London bad *
gloomy Christmas; tlte bad weather
kept most of the people shivering
round their tires aud tiDiting, then
only consolation iu innumerable
meals of turkey aud plum pudding
Tragic accidents are reported in
many parts of the country, winding]
up with alarming tales o( disaster
from the prolonged storm.
The silence of the politicians gave
a curious impression of a half-dead
world. This impression was increased by the stoppage of all the
daily papers on Christmas day, for
the lirst time in newspaper higton.
Even tbe peace delegates with their
tremendous responsibility and the
eagerness of the Balkan allies to
push negotiations through were compelled to yield to the Christmas tern- ;
per and postpone their deliberations
till today.
We'll pick out three lo
Of great historic fume
And -stick litem on these hattleaeiei
And launch them un tbe mats,
We'll dub one the "Bob, Rogers,"
A more inspiring name
Could never he selected;
You'd search for one in vain.
In fervid martial ardor
Tbe second we'lL call Hughes,
A braver man than Colonel San
No one would care to choose.
Ihe third I'll christen llazrn,
The Honorable .1. I).-
lOur doughty Master of .Marine,
1   And Lord of Fishery.
And when at last the god or n-at
Lets Armageddon loose
We'll sit at home beside our wives
And read the battle news.
worlds, the   caae.es't
The    dash of
War's havoc, battle's roar,
Will tell of British valoi
At it always did of yoro
And when ttit- deeds ol biavet?
Are recounted lo our *-.'Ot;
Huw fondlv will We puudej
And tell our loving ones
"lis true, we sent no heroes there.
On any dreadnought's deck,
But furnished three big battleships
For which we sent our cheque.
We borrowed thirty millions
Of England's yellow gold
And gave it back to England—
How valorou.
s and bold!
Iu the course of a recent interview
iu Victoria, Mr. Pat Burns, talked
very interestingly of tlie prospects of
B. C. Mr. Burns said that he was
greatly interested in the development
of thc sheep breeding industry in
this province which had been foreshadowed by recent developments,
and especially by the acquisition of
3,000 acres of land in the Naas Valley by a syndicate interested in sheep
raising. He would not admit that
he was personally interested, though
he did confess that he had other
big interests in this province and
hoped to make them greater; but on
tbe particular point of sheep husbandry, Mr. Burns said:
"I am of the confident belief that
thc mountain slopes and the shelter
ed valleys of your province will give
to the world the very finest class of
grazing ground for sheep. Sheep
different from cattle. They can
rustle for a living where cattle cannot, but they need a moderate climate, and that climate you have.
There is no reason in the world why
this province of yours should not lie
the meat-producing province of the
Dominion. You have the areas for
both thc cattle and the sheep, and,
what is best of all, you have the
climate. And that is your greatest
asset, although in using that expression I am not, I hope, trespassing
upon the toes of my good friend
Mini' Cornwall, ot the Peace River
country, because I believe, with
Cornwall, that the whole of the west
side of the Rockies belongs to British Columbia, and should be used by
British Columbia.
"And that brings me," said Mr.
Bums, "to my favorite hobby that
Alberta and British Columbia are
one. All our interests are identical. You have the coal, the fish and
the fruit we want; we have tbe
wheat ami the flour that you want;
all that wc need is transportation,
and that we are getting, thanks very
largely/ to the policy of the governments, both Federal and provincial,
which have at last realized that here
in the west is the connecting link
with the Canadas, for there are three
What the future of these negotiations will be nobody can tell. The
allies' first terms are so high that
Turkey's refusal even to consider
them possible surprises nobody. But
this first round of bargaining is not
regarded as meaning much and simply starts the process of haggling always a feature of negotiations, especially bztween the peoples of Eastern Europe.
For Sale Good pair of Sleifh
Shafts, Sa.oo. - Apply Herald
To Rent Large Fireproof base,
ment, so x 100 ft., $7.00 per
month—Apply Herald Office.
last Municipal Assessment Roll of of them: The old Canada, which
Five Hundred Dollars pr more over knew of in our boyhood; the Canada
and above any registered judgment or ' of todav, that of tbe central west;
charge, and who are otherwise    duly land tbe Canada nl the future, British-
Los Angeles
Special Train from Spokane,
Wash., Tuesday, Jin. 7th, 1913
Tickets on sale byCanadian Pacific
Ticket. Ageniein Alhertaand KuHteiii
B. C, on January 4,6 and ti, VMS.
Final return limit Apiil JO, 1018
Fare from CRANBROOK to
LOS ANGELES and Return
Going ami Ketnrning via Spokane
Going via Spokane. Ketnrning via
Special Train Trip from Spokane
to l.ofl Angele.fi covern seven days,
slops being made at Cortland, San
Francisco, Han .lose, Santa Clara,
Mania Cruz, Monterey. Del Monte,
I'u-n ItohlcH, Mint a Harlmin, River*
Bide, and Hedlanda.
I ;i'c on going trip from Spokane
includes berth ami meals on train or
at hotel, and u number of night
seeing tripe. Return is by regular
tervlcC) meals ami berth not
For descriptive pamphlet apply
Dint. I'aiVt Agent,
Calgary, Alta,
We furnished three bit; empty ships,
The* Hazen, Sam and Hob.
But left the wars to Britain's tars.
For that's their proper job. •
We Kit tbe wars to Britain's tars,
And saved our precious lives.
They fought and died for empire,
We stayed home with our wives.
So now. Hurrah for England!
Hurrah for England's king!
Three   cheers    for three   big empty
We'll make the ivelkin ring.
Such is my naval policy,
Improve it if you can,
We'll launch   three ships   frou ftrifc-
ain's slips,
But never send a man.
The natives mutch  listened
And beard the tale unfold,
Tbey feared to bear of braver?
Hut laughed at only gold.
Old Nelsen heard the empty brag
And recalled another day,
When England asked for courage
And scorned to ask for pay
The [foil's cubs are red with shame.
The tribute they can pay.
But life and limb should be the Seat:
All else is   mockery.—CANADIAN,
Vancouver sun.
In all our experience with hair
Ionics there is one that baa done
more toward gaining our confidence
than any other. We reallj believe
this remedy, known as Hexali "93"
Hair Tonic is so superior to other
preparations that wo ofler it to you
with our personal and unqualified
promise that if you use it and it
doesn't prove in every way satisfactory to you, we will, upon your mere
request at our store, return to you
tbe money you paid for it.
Rexall "1*3" Hair Tonic acts scientifically, destroying the germs,
which are usually responsible for
baldness. It acts to penetrate lo
thc roots of the hair, stimulating
and nourishing them. It is a most
pleasant toilet necessity, i.s delicately perfumed, and will not gum n<>r
permanently stain the hair.
We want you to net a bottle ot
Hexali "93" Hair Tonic and use it
as directed. If it does not relieve
scalp irritation, remove dandruff,
prevent the hair from falling out and
promote an increased growth of hair
and in every way give entire satisfaction, come back aud tell us, and get
your money hack. Two sizes, Me.
and $1.00. Sold only at our store—
the Rexal] .Store, Beatlie Muiphf Ce.
(Special to the Herald,.
That there is no justification or
foundation for the "emergency" idea
so far as British naval matters are
concerned is clearly shown hy the official pronouncements ot the British
authorities. Neither in tne speeches
ol ministers nor In official documents
connected with the defence conference
can any reference, direct or indirect
lo any immediate emergency be
found. The following paragraphs
from important speeches and documents make it clear that the emergency idea did not originate in England:
Ht. Hon. Winston Churchill: "It
the main development ot tbe past ten-
years has been the concentration of
the British fleet in decisive theiitres
il seems to me—and I dare say to
you—not unlikely that the main
naval development of the next ten
years will be ihe growth of the effective naval forces in the great
Dominion overseas. Then we shall
be able to make what I think will be
found to be the true division of lab-
or between the mother country and
her daughter slates—that we should
maintain the sea supremacy against
all comers at the decisive point, und
that they should guard and patrol
all thc rest of the British empire."
The British government memorandum in a terse and emphatic paragraph says: "She (Great Britain) Iras
More now successfully made head
alone and unaided against the most
formidable combinations, and she
has not lost her capacity by a wise
policy and strenuous exertions to
watch over and preserve the vital interests of the empire."
The first lord of the admiralty
quietly discusses the probable development of the next ten years in
naval progress. The British government memorandum calmly lays down
a dictum that the British fleet is as
capable as ever to defend tbe whole
empire. Not the slightest suspicion
of haste or emergency there.
Then comes in Premier Borden, and
the British memorandum continues:
"The prime minister of the Dominion
having enquired in what form any
IMMEDIATE aid that Canada might
give wouW be most effective, etc."
It is therefore evident that it is
the leader of the Canadian Nationalist-Tory government who has discovered this 'emergency," and not the
British government, whom il mostly
For a long time past Ihe Tories
(not their Nationalist allies) have
been fond ot attempting to convey
the impression that they monopolize
the true loyalty ot Canada, and that
it the Liberals venture to disagree
from them they are guilty of some
sort ot lese majestc. This Idea
should be dispelled hy the thunderous
cheers which greeted the close of Dr.
Michael Clark's speech in parliament
last Monday, while the ultra-loyal
Tories sat silent.
And these were the words the gov-
eminent supporters refused to appro ve:
******* -1- * * * * *
* *
I Dr. Michael Clark, of Bed Peer,
Alta , protesting against the gin ot
$35,1)00,000 of Canadian taxes to
j build warships iu England declared
he wanted to see those warships constructed in Canada, and continued:
''In almost his last utterance, it
not the last, of Sir Richard Cart-
wright in the senate, be proved to
atlsfactlon, at any rale, that
Western Canada is overtaxed today,
We shall contribute our full share ol
tbe money to pay for these Dreadnoughts which are to be sent out ot
tbe country; because it is the workers aud farmers of Canada who will
have lo raise that $35,000,000, aud
it is those worbors and farmers that
jou will buve to answer for this
policy, not to tho millionaires
Before gaining power through his
alliance with the Nationalists, Mr.
Borden had not even suspected the,
existence of any imperial emergency
which would demand what Winston
Churchill described as "the Hinging
about of millions on an impetuous
impulse." In fact, he was, if possible, a mole ardent supporter ot Canadian naval units than Sir Wilfrid
This is what be said, speaking to
Ills own people at Halifax on October
Mth, 1909, regarding tho duties of
the Canadian people:
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
* *
* One   governing   principle at  *
* least  should   control, namely,   *
* that out of our own material,  *
* by our own labor, and hy the  *
instructed skill of our own
people, any necessary provision for our naval defences
should be made ho far as may
be reasonably possible. In this
connection   may we not   hope
* that    there    shall be given a
* stimulus     and   encouragement  •)
* to the shipbuilding industry of  *
* Canada   which    1ms long been  *
* lacking." &
* *
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
All that  "governing principle" has
now     been   abandoned. Evidently
th the Nationalist coalition it is
i longer "reasonably possible."
Now .Mr. Borden proposes to stimulate ihe shipbuilding industry of
Canada by shipping $85,000,000 of
[the cash product ot "our own materials, our own labor, and the Instructed skill of our-own people" to
increase the vast shipbuilding and
armament constructing industries ot
Great Britain.'
* "We stand for   Canada as a  *
* nation,   a    nation   beneath a  *
* common   flag; a nation within  *
* the empire, hut a nation still;
* with a nation's   rights, a na-
* tion's aspirations,   a nation's
* responsibilities, yes, and a na-
* tion's   courage    and spirit lo
* discharge    those   responsibili-
* ties.       We stand tor Canada,
* a   nation    not  less in herself
* than   Great Britain or      any
* other   nation composing   this
* great  empire.   Great   Britain
* trades where she will, and de-
* fends   herself.      We stand for
* Canada    with the    right    to
* trade where she   will without
* any man daring to tell us we
* are   disloyal.      We stand for  *
* Canada   with tbe    power and  *
* the ability to   begin now   the
* naval     defence   of     her   own
* coasts,   in    co-operation with
* the    various portions of   the
* most       glorious empire    the
' *  world has ever seen. We stand
* on that  policy and we believe
* that we have the   majority of
* the people of Canada with us,
* because it    is the only policy
* that makes tor the dignity ot
* the nation,     for the harmony
* and   progress     ot the empire,
* and for the  peace of the clvl-
* lized world"
A strotni defence of the principles
of party government was made in
parliament by Hon. Frank Oliver last
Tuesday evening. 11 was time that
such a statement was made since,
for a long time Mr. Borden and his
followers have heen using every parti-
means in their control to obtain
ciedil or bide discredit with regard
tbe naval contribution, while, at
Ihe same time, tbey have been making hypocritical appeals to the Liberals and the whole country "to rise
above party" which, translated,
means to support Mr. Borden and
his congromerate party.
lion. Mr. Oliver proceeded, 'Let me
point out in u few words as 1 may
what strikes me as the dinercnecs
today between thesp tw,o parties
regard to the (naval) question before
the house: the difference between cooperation and contribution; between
, temporizing and decision; between
humiliation and Bell-respect; between
hiring naval protection and providing
it; Ijetwcen contributing lo the
imperial naval forces where they are
strongest und strengthening them
where they are weakest; between
inakjing an appeal that is to lie Justified to one section of the people on
the ground of imperial loyalty and
to another section on Hie ground ot
imperial disloyalty and making an
appeal to Canadians ot all sections
and all races to bear their fair share
ot the increasing burden of imperial
naval defence between the traditional
'great issue.      The Liberals throughout based  their arguments for Canadian units o> the imperial navy      on
ltbe statements and documents issued
■ by responsible British ministers. The
Conservatives, as    solidly supported
the emergency contribution idea     invented by Mr. Borden when he asked
the British government what Canada
bad best do for "immediate effective
aid;" and where their arguments differed from the facts us presented  hy
ihe imperial   authorities tbey sedulously avoided   them, relying on rbe
toric   und sphistry     to answer     the
Liberal arguments.     The   Conservative idea, as usual, was that if    the
facts differed from them, so much the
worse for the tads.     As to the Nationalists   they     simply   stood pal.
[i8   They had forced Ihe emergency    and
. [Were quite willing to let the government face it.
The marked feature of the latter
portion ot the debate, however, was
the continued and studied discourtesy
of the Conservative leaders. Having
trumpeted to the world that they
were filled with lofty and ennobling
patriotic ideas far removed from the
arena of party strife, they called up-
the Liberals to take the same
high plane, and not consider the
question from a political point of
view. Then they proceeded to take
advantage of every possible partisan
trick to gain ground in the country.
Although facing tlie most momentous
debate since Confederation the members of the government absented
themselves as far us possible. Instead
of the leaders of the party placing
themselves on record, so that their
arguments could be digested by the
country during tbe vacation, they
were held back and inconsequential
back-benchers put up to kill time.
Then as a    last   piece of political
trickery the    government    produced
their crack orator for the final    session, with the    evident idea of    getting lion. Mr. Foster's speech before
thc country without giving to     the
Liberals a chance to reply-
lion.   Mr. Foster rose to the occasion with a speech which was a masterpiece ot sophistry, and twisting ot I
facts—full of his usual parliamentary
eloquence and shiftiness.    For      instance, to prove that there was       a
real emergency he declared   that   by
1920 the German fleet would  be  not
one whit inferior to the British. Yet
lion. Mr- Borlien, on introducing  the
measure,   had    shown   that by 1915
Great Britain would have twenty-live
Dreadnoughts   and two Lord Nelsons
to   Germany's    seventeen       Dreadnoughts.    Tbe only possible way  in
which Mr. Foster's declaration could
come within the hounds of possibility
would be that    Great Britain would
slop building ships altogether or run
a good proportion of her navy ashore.
For the rest lion. Mr. Foster forgot
bis previous speeches advocating     a
Canadian    navy, dodged    the   facts
where they disagreed with him,   and
spent much lime sneering at Liberal
policies of the past, evidently      forgetting that ihe Liberal party,    like
the British fleet and unlike thc   Conservative party, was one ot continual
progress and not a party of emergencies.
However, the final word on the subject came Irom a Liberal, Mr. Hugh
Guthrie. Although he had no time
to make a speech he flung across the
bouse a clear-cut challenge that if
ihe Conservatives were so certain the
country would prefer their expedient
to the Liberal naval policy they
should face the people upon it, and
lo do this the Liberals would do
everything possible to expedite the
passing ot the redistribution bill.
Tbe government forces, however, preferred to face the country tor their
Christmas holidays.
,Mr. W.   A. Bowdeu, Chief Engineer,
Department of Railways aud Canals, Ottawa:
Dear Sir:   I beg to report as    follows on the work on the Hudson Bay
railway during the last fiscal year.
The preliminary location has been
completed to Port Nelson hy Engineer Gordon and further Information
i obtained, relative to alternative
routes to Churchill, details of which
are given iu my report presented to
you, dated January 9, 1912.
Since making that report a good
crossing of Nelson river has been located at Keltic river, about mileage
A revision of the location has been
completed from The Pas lo mileage
50, a short distance from the crossing of Nelson river at Manitou
.rapids, approximately at the first
junction point of the Churchill and
Nelson routes.
In a few weeks we will have the
plans and profiles in condition to let
another contract if desired from
Thicket Portage to mileage 250, a
distance of approximately ti5 miles.
The contractors for the first 1H5
tniles have made a start at grading
and clearing, and have supplies on tho
ground now to complete ready for
track the first 50 miles.
The contact for the substructure of
The Pas bridge was completed by
MacKenzie, Mann aud company on
March 22.
I regret that the Canada Foundry
company have not made better progress on the superstructure of this
bridge. Unless better progress is
| made from now on it is likely a serious check will he given to the work
ahead this fall.
Yours truly,
J. Armstrong,
Cliiet Engineer.
T*|Tory policy of Canadian sectionalism
I* j and the traditional Liberal policy of
C. P. H.
Such sentiments as these evidently
did not appeal to Premier Borden
and his followers any more than it
did to Naiitel, Pelletier and their
a united Canada; between a proposal
dictated by party exigency, that its
maker does not dare defend save as a
temporary expedient, and a policy
based on and in accordance with the
traditions and principles on which
the British empire is founded, and
by which it is and only can he maintained; between a poficy which belittles and weakens Canada in thc
eyes of the empire and the empire in
the eyes of the world, by saying that
for a period to which no limit has
been put Canada will only defend
herself or the empire at sea to the
amount of $.'.5,0011,1)00 borrowed dollars, and a policy by which Canadian
industry, second lo none; Canadian
courage and loyalty, second to none;
by which Canada as her very self
shares in the empire's defence, and in
upholding tbe standards ol British
liberty, British Justice, and British
fair play In the face ot the world."
After nearly three weeks' debate
nn the Naval Defence "Emergcnev"
Bill, parliament adjourned for the
Cbristmns holidays with the two par
lies as far apart as ever on       this
The Canadian Pacific Railway company, Ibrough Mr. .1. S. Dennis, as-
sisteut to the president, aud head of
the department ot natural resources
have made an important announcement which will be read with interest
in the west. In future railway land
will not he sold to speculators hut
only direct to settlers from North
America, the British Isles and northern Europe.
The company has seven millions of
acres of unsold land and this new-
departure means much for the future
development of that land. Most favorable terms will be offered to settlers. They will in tbe future have
the privilege of paying for the land
in twenty years instead of ten.
The company also announces that
they will furnish settlers with loans
up to $2,000 payable in twenty years
[With interest at six per cent.
.... «B YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copyrights 4n.
Snrnnttendtni a nkttrh sMid dtiorlptlnn mn
<jn;. hli NUKtrinln our oi>luimi frit whathtir an
iiivcniinti ik (inihiiblrpaUiitiililjL^ConiiiiiiriiPB.
ii-- firiirc-ufliJ*iitiaJ. HANDWQK «« P»'#i,u
*i'iit fro*. oirteit umflrtorncnrTiiiJMteiiit.
Patents' taken tbrouih Mutin ATw. recelvt
ifclnl rotki, without charM, In ttat
»if elrtl r olle*. wiintm mm, w w»
Scientific American.
A handanrrtlr Illustrated wsskly. Urn** d.
t-aiuda, |a.n * r«ar, puMMP piepald. Hulrt by
all Hswadnalera. .
. A. Bow den, Esq., Chief Engineer,
Department of Railways and Canals, Ottawa:
Dear Sir:   I beg to submit the following resume ot the work on      the
Hudson Buy railway since my    published   report     dated  September  8, |
The routes referred to in the above
mentioned report have been worked
out in detail with revisions, and oth-
•r suggested routes as well.
The location may now be said to be
completed with the exception of some
local revisions, some of which are
now under way, anil also the proposed line from the neighborhood or
Kettle river at Churchill.
The line proposed along the easterly side of Setting lake and the Grass
river waters, to rejoin the Churchill
line at Big lake about mileage 2!>5 of
tho" Churchill route, .when run proved
somewhat of a disappointment, although some improvement over the
original line run on the westerly side
ot these waters. One ot the principal drawbacks we found was the
heavy bridging encountered at the
[crossings of the (trass river, the
Burntwood river, and tlie Narrows
of Assean lake, these three crossings
| totalling approximately $750,000. Of
the original line somewhat heavy
work was met with between miles
120 and 300. On tlie new line via
Thicket Portage this work was lightened somewhat, and reduced from 180
|miles to about 130 miles. While the
above work was in progress the worta
on the Nelson route across thc same
strip of rough country disclosed a
much lighter and shorter piece of
heavy work, this line confining the
[heavy work between miles 170 and
-35, a distance of about 05 miles,
and crossing Nelson river at Manitou
rapids. A line was run from this
route towards Churchill designed to
join about the 240th mile, crossing
Nelson river a second time immed-
•iately east of Split lake, where a
good crossing of Nelson river was
obtained about 1,000 feel in length.
Thc bridging on this route although
Involving two crossings of Nelson
river is estimated to cost about,
(500,000 to 050,000 less than the
route to the west of Split lake. The
balance of the lino has everything in
its favor over the western line in
curvature, grades, and cost of work.
This line has not yet been extended
to Churchill, but from reports ot Mr.
■I. B. Tyrrel and other explorers it
[seems probable this line should be
kept further enst than the original
line along the dotted projection
■shown on the accompanying map. It
seems probable that lighter work will
be met with here and grades so
much belter thai they will more than
offset the added 15 or 20 miles of
With a given tonnage tn handle, tlie
train mileage will probably be less
via the long line than via the shorter
line owing to the greater tonnage
which can he handled per train.
The line from Manitou rapids to
Port Nelson was found to be very
favorable, as grades, cnlvature and
cost will he very light. The line
was run to the easeern side ot Port
Nelson. An investigation is under
way at the present time looking for
a most feasible crossing of the
Nelson river in ease the north side Is
chosen.       A     line will be as easily
of another crossing of Nelson river [
und a crossing of Limestone river.
It is expected that a report may be
made on this portion of the Hue before the end of March coming. From
this crossing ot Nelson river at
Kettle river a projection has been
made to Churchill, but Is only to be
used in case Port Nelson is chosen as
the terminus uow, and some years
hence a desire to also utl-Ue Chur.
chill may best be served hy turning
off the Nelson route at the point indicated. In case Churchill is chosen
now, undoubtedly tlie line to follow
is the one crossing Nelson river just
east of Split lake.
The portion of the line located between The Pas and mile 120 has
proven tlie most difficult portion to
give a decisive opinion upon as to
the best location. Work on this portion has heen continuous und though
[considerable improvements have been
made from lime to time they hove
been entirely of a local nature. I
do not think the final location In any
place is a mile from the first preliminary line.
In July, 1910, Mr. T. Turnbull was
[engaged to take a trip to Port Nelson particularly to look into the
most suitable site for tho proposed
town. His report indicates that tbe
north site is the better from a landscape point of view hut that from a
utility standpoint there is practically
no difference. The question to he
settled is whether the extra cost of
harbor works on the south side is aa
great or greater than thc extra cost
to the railway of crossing the Nelson
and Limestone rivers to reach tbe
north side. As noted above, information as to this will be available before thc end of March.
As to railway terminals, the
ground on either side is well suited
for such works, both as to area
available and situation with regard
to docks, etc.
Terminal room can be had at Port
Nelson for all the roads in Canada it
At Fort Churchill the room for tcr.
minals at all convenient to possible
dock sites is not satisfactory. The
west side of the harbor is entirely
out of the question and thc area on
the cast side very inadequate if any
considerable development Is required.
The location as it stands at present leaves the distance to Port Nel
son as 418 miles and to Fort Chur-1
chill via the east side of Split lake as
408 miles. It is altogether likely
that further changes or revisions may
be made from time to time, but will
be entirely of a local nature and will
not materially affect these distances.
The theoretical air line distance
from The Pas to Port Nelson Is 412
, miles and the chained location distance 418 or \.u per cent over the air
Comparison of Routes.
For the purpose ol the comparison
of routes it is assumed that traffic
for 3,000 trains per year will eventually develop, divided into 1,800
trains running towards the bay and
assuming a lighter tonnage from the
hay the trains have been set at 1,200
making thc total of 3,000 trains. The
above assumes grades ot four-tenths
of one per cent both ways. On the
first line to Churchill it was found
| necessary to adopt six-tenths grades
against south bound traffic in order
to get reasonable work over the 150
miles division next to Churchill, thus
reducing the tonnage per train by
about one-third, converting the
south bound 1,200 trains into 1,000
or an additional 400 trains over 150
miles equal to 60,000 extra train
miles per year. On the route via
thc east side of Split lake the whole
,3,000 trains will have to pass over
j 20 additional miles equal to 60,000
train miles per year leaving the two
lines equal as far as train mileage
is concerned, but leaving in favor of
the eastern route a cheaper line to
construct and the generally more
satisfactory operating conditions
over a line with easier gradients
Comparing the Churchill route and
the Nelson route it can now be taken
that grades, curvature and cost of
construction per mile will be approximately the same over both routes,
and need not be taken Into consideration, leaving the question of distance the only one to be considered.
In the report of 1009 attention
was called to the problem of building
across the 75 miles of tundra into
Churchill and the probable ditliculty
that will he met with during the
winter months with snow. No engineers have yet been met with who
have had sufficient experience with
this class of material to be able to
give a reliable opinion on this question, such advice as has been tendered has been given by those who have
no knowledge of thc subject whatever. Some engineers have been met
with who have had experience with
very short stretches ot similar material and its behaviour was precisely
as feared. While short stretches ol
1,000 feet or even a mile may be
overcome easily, a continuous stretch
ot 75 miles is a more difficult problem.
The additional distance of eighty
miles to Churchill is sufficiently
great to make it necessary to add
another train division to thc line
thus directly affecting all the items
which go to make up thc cost ol
running a train a mile, viz., track
maintenance, repairs for rolling
stock, train* wages, fuel, cost of
maintaining and operating terminals,
The Rush is
And there are many odds
and ends left to tell the tale
of a terrible Christmas
We wish to clear out all
odd and broken lines before
stocktaking and are offering
many great bargains. It
will pay you to call at the
store and investigate.
Oxford Foundry &
Machine Co., Ltd.
Oxford, N. S.
Manufacturers of: j^^JTSS
Machinery; slso Btssn Fillers, Horisontal and Upright Engines,
Patented Belted Friction lor Bsw Frame. This Iriction has given
food sstislsctlon when Installed. It is easier on Sawyer and
increases ontpnt; Our Cerclages snd Edgsrs sre leaders. Heavy
Carriage with Milam Patent Saw Bed, with capacity ol 65,000
per day.
Mill   «*asinnJ»fi« Ho' *nd Atkl°' *""■ "•"■
Hllll OUppilCB • uolng, Oils, Valves. Steam
Usages, Psmberthy Injectors, Etc. .
Repairs to all kinds of Machinery
executed promptly and efficiently
A. B.TAIT, Sac.. SLA., Prl.dp.1
TheBtel ol Muter, la Lengarala
an eicepU melly straw; oat.
Boys prepared forth, matrir.ul.tlon
.lamination, ot Canadian Univerel-
tlM or for tb. entrance .lamination
of th. Boyal Military Colli*., King,
Km ftUaaiatn Rosa, Principal
Th. moit modern liuilillniie end th.
moat efficient atalf of all tbe girla'
eihoole ol the Dominion.
Each mietr.HU .[Ncialiatin her own
Regular truining In gymnaatlca hy
d. i    a competent mletree..
Cartful anp.rvl.lon ol tb. pupila in their game. a. wall ae In their etudlee.
Special attention paid to tbe development ol character.
Both aehool. ar. under the management ot " vVratarn Reeldeatial Schoola,
Ltd."  VVIeUr Term opens Tnajday, 7th January, lull.
Application, for admiarioa ehonld be made at once.
Dr. E. D. McLAREN. 1947 P.ndr.ll Street. Vancouver. B. C.
chosen. A line will he as easily 1 maintaining anil operating, wruuuum
built nn the north S,:lc ol the river as hence it will he necessary In com
nn the smith side will thc exception I paring, thc mutes to use the lull cost
per train mile which would not be necessary If the distance were small
enough to be measured in leet or a
very few miles.
In tne following comparison the
cost per train mile used Is (1-75
made up cf cost of operation put at
about (1.80 per train mile, a charge
lower than given by either the department of railways and canals or
she interstate commerce commission.
To this has hern added 49 cents per
mile to Include the interest on the
cost of construction and equipment.
In other words for every train run a
mile over tbe road II.75 will have
to be collected from tbe public in
order to pay all charges. The annual
statement of the Canadian Northern
railway Issued in December, 1910,
gives the operating expenses per
. freight train mile as 11.50, to which
[has to be added fixed charges which
will make their total charges more
than 11.75. Tbe gross, earnings per
freight train mile an given as
(3.59 and for all trains slightly
over 12 per train mile. In other
words lor every train tbe Canadian
Northern ran a mile, more than
(2 was collected from the public and
In the case of freight (2.59. The
figures'for the Canadian Pacific railway and other roads are not at hand
just now hut are not very much different from the above.
Thus you will see that If expenses
are herd to 11.75 per train mile it
probably means the lowest rates in
Canada to the public.
On the basis of 3,000 trains per
year the following then appears to be
the minimum it will he necessary to
collect Irom the public:     .
Churchill Route.
IMs-      Trains.   Train   At (1.75 per
tance. miles.       train mile.
500 miles 3,000   1,500,000   (2,625,0011
Nelson Houte.
420 miles 3,000   1,260,000    2,205,000
In favor of Nelson route ( 420,000
From the railway end ol the problem it is apparent that a minimum ol
(420,000 a year will be saved In
Western Canada by thc selection "I
Port Nclsnn ns a terminus. If tlie
charge nl (1.75 per train mile Is
found ton low or the traffic is
greater than 3,000 trains per yenr
the difference In favor nl the Nelson
route will be found still greater.
Edmonton, Alta., Dee. 31.-W. II.
Robertson, a homesteader in tire
Athabasca district, north of here, ui-
rived In Edmonton today with thc
pelt of a silver fox, valued at
11,000; two brown toxes, seven bear
gldes and 218 raccoon skins. Silver-
tipped foxes are rare and when properly marked the pelts arc worth
small fortunes. Three silver foxes
have been trapped In 'the Lac la Uiche
country this season, the hunters receiving from 1450 tn (800 each for
tho pelts. The skin of the lox captured by Robertson Is one ol the fln-
| est specimens ever brought to this
imarkot. Robertson reports' big
game and all fur-bearing animals are
numerous in the north country, saying also that the homesteaders will
also bring in many skins this wln-
Jter. The chief drawback so far is
Itho unseasonable high temperature.


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