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Cranbrook Herald Jul 30, 1914

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Array THE CRANBR( )0K HERALD
%.
VOLUME 16
CRANBROOK,    BRITISH COLUMBIA.
THURSDAY, JULY 30th, 1914
NUMBER 31
PLEASED WITH FALLING TREE
THE FLATHEAD KILLS PASSERBY
Ferris to Become Associated With Oil | Unknown Man  InstnaUf Killed at
Companies
W. P. H. Ferris, who has been employed by the government for several
years in thc Panama Canal construction work, having had charge of
blasting operations ut Culebra cut In
1908 aud superintended the blowing
up of the (iiinibou dyke lu 1913, returned Monday to Spokane, says the
Spokesman-Review, from a visit to
the Flathead oil Holds and has decided to resign a position with the
government In the railway construction department lu Alaska to become
associated with some of the companies that ure planning operations in
the Flathead region.
"1 opened the Dcuuiuout oil llelds lu
Texas, superintending drilling ll!
wells, 11 of which now ure producing, and drilled 7 producing wells lu
the Hocking valley In Ohio, besides
six of the hest gas wells in Indiana;
but I never have examlnud as promising an oil district as the Flatehad,"
said Mr. Ferris at thc Spokane hotel
yesterday. "I was wltli the Pearson
Bros, ln Tamplco, Mexico, and my
knowledge ot geology and oil Indications comes from 22 years' practical
experience, and I believe my judgment
Is as good ns that ot any man In the
business today.
"After two days' careful investigation of conditions In the Flathead valley 1 do not hesitate to say that I regard Ib as tlte most promising Held for
development in the world today. The
contact is perfect and also thc lay of
the sand rock In the bed of Sage
creek, which I examined thoroughly
for several miles. I am backing my
judgment In a heavy purchase of
Flathead Petroleum company stock,
and I am planning to resign a good
job with the government ln Alaska
to take a hand In developing the Flathead Held."
REV. KEITH, OF RED DEER
VISITS CRANBROOK
Address    Congregations    at    Knox
Church Sunday on Alberta
Ladles College
Rev. N. D. Keith, president of Alberta Ladles College, Hed Deer, paid
a visit to Cranbrook this week ln the
Interests of the college. He spoke on
Sunday in Knox church regarding the
work of the college and preached
morning and evening, in the absence
of Rev. Mr. Thomson. Mr. Keith also
paid a visit to tlie Herald.
Alberta Ladies' College, of Red
Deer, ls a high class residential school
for girls and young women. Both
public school and high school work
are covered up to junior matriculation. In addition to these, courses
are offered ln music, both vocal and
Instrumental, fine art, household
science, and a full commercial course.
Including stenography and typewriting.
The college has accommodation for
seventy-live students in residence.
The staff, consisting of seven resident
and four non-resident tea fliers, ls a
very strong one, each member thereof
being a specialist and bringing to the
work years of successful experience.
There were sixty-eight students In
attendance Inst session and the work
done was of a highly satisfactory
character.
Mr. Keith was the guest of the McCreery brothers while In the city,
having been old friends in Eastern
Canada.
Bnll River While Walking
Along Trail
While walking along the trail near
C.P.R. camp No. 12 In Bull River valley on last Tuesday, Malcolm Ferguson was struck on the head by a
falling dead tree aud Instantly killed.
The tree had been lodged against another and happened to drop Just us
Ferguson passed. Dr. Bell, of Cranbrook, conducted an Inquest and
found that death was accidental.
The remains were taken to Fernie and
Interment Is being delayed pending it
search for friends or relatives of the
deceased. No one seems to know anything of his antecedents.
The dead man was about 40 years
of ago, was five feet eight inches tall,
has Iron grey hair, a dark moustache,
an aquiline nose and a pule complexion.
KING CUPILSERVIAN CAPITAL
War Started Between Austria and Servia With Capture of Belgrade.   Shells Shatter Many Buildings
Wl FBI FELT TWIT CEMWPM CONFLAGRATION ILL RESULT
In Case Russia Takes a Hand the War Will Be Between the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente.
B.C. Nl NDAV SCHOOL
ASSOCIATION
The British Columbia Sunday
School association wlll hold a convention In Nelson October 81st, 22nd and
23rd, and plans are already being
made with a view to making It a very
successful and prolltable meeting.
For the meetings, Hev. 1. W. Williamson, the provincial general secretary,
has secured the services of W. C.
l'earce, the International associate
secretary ami adult superintendent,
who is declared to be one of the
strongest Sunday school workers on
the American continent today, and
Mrs. Mary Foster Hryner, elementary
superintendent of the International
association, who Is also reputed as
excelling lu her own particular work.
Rev. (leorge T. Pratt, of Seattle, wlll
also assist. J. C. Robson, the president of the provincial association, will
be In attendance at thc meetings nnd
will preside. The convention Ib Intended to cover all Sunday schools in
the Kootenay, Boundary and Slocan
districts.
300 ROYS IN
POTATO COMPETITION
Prlie Winners Wlll Hnve to Hustle—
Ribbons for Keiryone
The following letter has beeu addressed to the various boys who are
in the potato competition In this
city from the department of agriculture for the province:
To the Hoys and Oirls:
1 am sure you wlll be Interested to
know that more than two hundred
boys and girls have entered the
potato competition. We are preparing
a very pretty badge of purple ribbon
for everyone, aud there will be prizes
for quite a number. The winners,
though, of the pure-bred calf and the
sewing machine will have to be hustlers, because the competition will be
keen. Don't neglect your plot during
this dry weather. Keep It well cultivated. 1 expect to start out soon to
judge the plots, and hope to meet
sveryone of you personally. In the
meantime, take care of thc plots.
Yours very truly,
J. C. Ready,
Soil and Crop Instructor.
C.P.R. MAKES
MANY CHANGES
New Divisional Point Established at
Lethbridge With End ef Cm-
brook Division at
Crows Nest
Several important changes ln the
operating department ot the C.P.R.
iave been made during the past week.
The establishment of the new dlvlslon-
il point at Lethbridge last week has
cut off the Craubrook division at
'rows Nest. Formerly the superln-
.endt-iit here was In authority as far
east as Maeleod and from Maeleod to
.'algary, and also over the Lethbridge
branch, Aldersyde to Calgary. All ot
the eastern territory east of Crows
Nest has now been Included In the
Lethbridge district. Temporarily, the
'ranbrook division will be a small one
but will be largely increased on the
'oropletlon of the Kootenay Central,
which will be run under this divl
sion.
Several changes are expected to be
made In the local otlice staff although
hut few have as yet been announced.
Watson Hall has been transferred to
Kdmouton and M. E. Collins, accountant, has been transferred to Lethbridge. C. Van Hram, formerly assistant accountant, has been promoted
to accountant.
W. J. Items, who has been district
muster mechanic since February, will
leave the first of next week for Mac
I cod. Mr. F. O. Hurgcss, formerly
rond foreman at Maeleod, has been appointed acting district master mechanic, and Is here to relieve Mr.
Henlx.
The changes in the local system
have been looked for by the railroad
hoys for the past two years and rumors have been rife at various times
concerning contemplated changes. The
shift has now been made and Cranbrook ls loser to the extent of a few
men from the payroll. On the completion of the Kootenay Central an
Increased force will likely be necessary In the local offices.
l.ouduu, July 80.—A Vienna despatch forces un Imuieiise wav.- of entliusl-
to the Kichuuge Telegraph company, usui   wlll  sweep  over   Russia,    The
says: political parties havo sunk their dif-
"After a heavy bombardment by the fereoces.   The general attitude is not
streots of the capital, mingling cries
of "Down with Servia" und "We
want war with Russia."
Danube guubuats, Uelgrade was occupied by the Austrian troops Wednesday."
London, July 30.—Diplomatic efforts toward an adjustment of the differences between Austria and Russia,
which It is feared will plunge all Europe into war, are admitted to have
been practically fruitless, if not entirely so, and last night the Czar Issued orders for the mobilization of a
tremendous army, while similar action on the part of Oerraany is expected hourly.
Thc first British fleet hus sailed under sealed orders for u destination
which Is not even hinted at and the
seaport forts and towns are being
strongly garrisoned against a possible
attack.
From St. Petersburg come an officially sanctioned despatch declaring
that only a miracle can avert war between Russia and Austria.
France continues Its preparations
and Belgium Is massing its forces to
protect Its frontier.
British and German fleets on the
China station have been mobilized and
Spain is concentrating warships in the
Mediterranean.
Italy, by imposing a strict censorship on news of the movements of Us
army and navy has indicated that
such are taking place.
There l» no definite Information ot
German a.my or navy movements, but
the censorship of news probably accounts for this.
Diplomatists ln the capital cities of
the powers concerned agree In admitting that the situation Is at a crisis,
but some express hope that even yet
war between the great Kuropean
powers may be avoided.
Knglish and French bankers arc
withdrawing their balances from Russia, Austria and Germany. Lloyds has
quadrupled war risks on shipping.
Only Miracle Can Avert War
St. Petersburg, July 29.—In Russian
eyes the die ls cast. Only a political
miracle can avert war,
Russia does not swerve from her determination to support Servia, and partial mobilization has already been ordered. There ls every Indication that
the whole vast military machinery in
Russia will bc soon set In action.
An imperial manifesto Is awaited tonight.
jlftgolstlo hut oiie of resolute confidence In the justice or the country's
; cause uud  readiness to make sucrl-
I noes.
British Fleet Arthe
London, July 2K.—L'nusual activity
was manifested at the chief Hritish
naval ports during yesterday, and the
admiralty orders are considered    to
The proposal attribute! loi Austria, „momu ,„ alffiMt Bemt.mab!lUatlon
iu certain sections of the fleet.
The   commander-in-chief   and   his
ships   In
LUMBERMEN Til
HAVE CONFERENCE
Will Meet at Kamloops and Lay Situation Before Sir Ueorge
Foster
Victoria, B.C., July 27.—Arrangements have been made by R. F.
Green. M.I1., for Kootenay, for a conference between the lumbering Interests of British Columbia and Sir
| Qeorge Foster, minister of trade and
commerce, the date to fall during tlu* .
forthcoming visit to the province of |
the minister, who will be touring the!
west us a member of the dominions
royal commission.
Conditions affecting the lumbering
Industry In this province huve been
the reverse of satisfactory, the llnun-
ial depression having had as one
I reel effect the serious curtailment of
rders from the prairie provinces, due
u the cessation of building operation's.
to discuss terms when Belgrade baa
been occupied Is regarded as impos-
.IM..   It is pointed out tbat before ,„„ „„ ,„„„„.„„„ „,, „,„
the opening of hostilities Itusslu proposed to Austria a direct exchange of
views, which Austria rejected.
The foregoing St. Petersburg despatch was passed hy the censor without revision, a fact which Is considered highly significant.
Vienna, July .-a.—Official notification of tbe declaration of war was
.lent to Servia today hy the Austrian-
Hungary government.
Declaration of War Confirmed
London, July H8.— Announcement of
tlte declaration of war by Austria-
Hungary on Servia came today almost
.inmedlotely after Germany mid Aut-
.ilu hud notified Sir Kdward lirey, the
British foreign minister, of their refusal to Join in u mediation conference.
It Is assumed here that the efforts' tl.e slightest spurk, such us frontier
of European nations wilt new be di-: Incidents between Russia uud Corrected toward localizing the area of < many or France und Germany, might
hostilities. cause an explosion which would lu
ll log Peter Says He Is Head) for War' rtdvc Greut Britain, France and Rus-
Kmguyevatz, Servia, July 28.—*"Wo da on thc- one hand and Germany,
will crush Austria." With these Austria and Italy on the other hand in
words King Peter of 8ervin today pro- the greatest war In the history of the
claimed himself and his country ready i world.
port available for service Immediately. These ships are rapidly being provided with adequate war stores, coal,
ammunition and torpedo wurheads.
Leave which had beeu granted to
men of thc firht fleet stationed at Port-
lund yesterday was rescinded at $
o'clock uud they were ordered lo return to their ships immediately.
Comiuuuders of vessels have been
ipeelally directed by the admiralty to
i oc ready to proceed to sea at a moment's notice. A special train arrived at Dover currying seamen to
om plete the full crews of the warships.
All shore leave Is ended.
Loudon, July US.-Tonight ull Europe was a powder box Into which
for a combat and set at rest rumors
ihut he was urging Prince Alexander,
who served -us Regent for '■ a few
weeks, to yield to Austria Without
giving battle.
"By calling up ull reserves," suld
King Peter, "we shall be able to put
half a million men in the field. Every
mau If resolved to perish iu' the ditch
,-ather that allow their country, which
.ms just risen after five hundred years
>f oppression, to be crushed.
"My Serbs are equal to a million ' ports and Is holding Its fieet io readl-
Czeehs, Hungarians, or Germans.'       I ness for   eventualities,   and   Russia
This  Despatch  Must  he  Mostly  Hot   with Its army In process of moblllza-
Atr i tion,  continues  to  indicate  that  Its
London, July 28.—A newspaper dls- support mUBt be given to Servia, al
I'Steh from SemliD-on-the-Danube [ though, at the same time, Its dlplo-
Fays the Servian parliament, after a mutlsts arc engaging In frlcudly con-
prolonged debate, is reported to have • v< rsatlons with those of Austria,
accepted all tli? reu.uuds made by i Russian mobilization against Aus-
Austria-Hungary. j trln( it Is declared In Berlin, means
•Down Wflh Henta," Shout Austrlans that Germany will begin hostilities In
Vienna, July 28.—Thc greatest pat-; support of Its ally,
Russian action In support of Ser
la will utmost Inevitably mean tbat
Germany will use her forces In sup
jiore of Austria. Development of such
i war Into a vast conflagration In
which thc triple entente would be
fitted against thc triple alliance. It Is
feared, would be but a matter of days
>r possibly hours.
France is quietly but none the less
thoroughly preparing for war; Grei
Britain Is displaying activity at naval
HXS. CAIELAUX
F'Or.M) NOT GUILTY
Sensational Trial In Paris Knd* In
Woman Securing Her Libert)
Paris, July 20,- Mme, Henrietta
alllaux was last night acquitted by a
iury iu the court of a-:size of the wil-
ul muriled of Gaston Calmette on
March 6th last. The jury brought in
Is verdict after 60 minutes' dellbera*
ion und thc announcement was foi-
owod by the wildest tumult.
Mme. Calllaux tottered and fell upon
he neck of her counsel. Mnitre
jiborl. and embraced him. Her hair
auk undone und foil over her should-
rs; her hat dropped to the floor. Thc
spectators stood upon desks and
■■hairs.
"Calllaux, Luborl" and cries of
'Calllaux, assassin'' merged Into une
The din wus deafening. Several
(roups of barristers came to blow*,
oid the Rcpublicnn Guards, in an en*
leuvor to separate them, joined In tbe
melee. The spectacle of Ijihorl and
Chenu. the latter counsel for the
.'almette family, embrucing each oth-
-r calmed the tumult tor a moment,
but it was redoubled when they left
with Mme. Calllaux.
TORONTO    EXHIBITION
itrnlu and Sheal Competition—Open
to the World
Conditions
1. Opeu to province or state In
any country.
2. All exhibits must be grown by
the exhibitor, and he the product of
the crop of 1913 or 1914.
::. All exhibits must be sent
through the minister of agriculture,
Commissioner, or secretary of tlie
province or state or officer In charge
of agricultural department
4. Exhibits tn be sent by express
addressed "J 0 Orr, (imut.i1 managi
er, Canadian National Exhibition,
Toronto, Canada," with a label enclos-
"tl stating the name and variety of
the exhibit, mid the nana* and address
of the exhibitor.
The exhibits win become the
property of the exhibition.
a statutory declaration must ho
made nml forwarded to the manager
of the Canadian National Exhibition
giving the date of tlie growth of the
grain and sheat and stating that
both were growu by the exhibitor.
Thin certilieate must be forwardsd at
the time ot mukiug entry.
An  exhibit shall  consist  of two
bushels of groin In a sack, accompanied by one sheaf of the same grain.
tightly bound, aud not less than eight
itches in dtometi r wh >n tb I.
(heaves uot required for entries of
beans and peas.   Corn to consist of
bushels ..i ;e pounds ,;,.-. in the
crated,
i" judging, the quality of the
grain In the sack, the straw and grain
In the sheaf will be considered
9 No government, experimental or
demonstration farms, or institutions
receiving financial aid from u government or municipality, can compete.
10, Each province or state cftu exit* t 'n oi    .*r all of t e Recti ma
11, Judges will be selected by tht
minister of agriculture oi ;,.
iniun of Canada.
Entries dose August 15th.
riotic demonstrations ever witnessed      Italy  Is concentrating Its fieet In
Should, as Is understood. Emperor {here occurred last night and today,  readiness to support the allies of the
Nicholas become generalissimo of the ■ Great   throngs   walked   through  the  triple alliance.
.L
TENNIS GLU*
HOLDS TOURNAMENT
Program Announced and Lively Competitions are Now Being Held
The local tournament ot tbe Cranbrook Tennis club Is being held with
keen competitors In most ot the entries. The following Is the draw and
handicaps of the tournament:
Men's Singles Handicap
1,. s. Mackersy 30 vs. J. W. Wilson
scratch.
C. 11. Newtou K>H vs. S. S. Phillips
scratch.
H.   Mclllwaine  40  vs.   ti.   S.   McCreery 16>*a.
A.  Fairbairn  40  vs.   II.   li.   Hicks
scratch.
CRANBKOOK BAM, TEAM
PLAY WARDNER SUNDAY
The Cranbrook ball team will journey to Wardner via auto on Sunday to
play the Wardner baseball nine. It Is
hoped a good number of rooters will
ecenmpany the boys. Wardner has a
strong team and as Cranbrook Is fielding a fast aggregation a good game Is
expected.
Chas. Pye, who has heen spending
the past few weeks In Calgary, came
down this morning nnd Is spending a
few days horn. He Is Interested in
the oil game to some extent and expects to return to Calgary In a tew
SCHOOL MEDALS
Editor llerald:
Gear Sir: The Minister of Education
wrote on September llth, 1913, that
the governor-general's bronze medals
were given to the towns which show
the best result at the entrance examination.
This seems to bc a plausible explanation, but the facts are against It. Of
tlie 79 pupils who tried at Nanaimo,
only 32 passed and the very best scholar got only 666 marks; yet It got a
medal. Of the 10 who tried at Cranbrook 16 passed and the best got 780
marks; but no medal for Cranbrook.
Of the 10 who tried at Fernie, 10 passed and the best got 744 marks; but no
medal.
The fact Is that it thc whole 19 who
tried at Cranbrook had passed and
If each of them had got perfect marks
-—1100—-yet Cranbrook would not have
received a medal. The Colonist gives
the true explanation—these medals are
given to the cities where there are
the greatest number of pauses. The
lowest number of passes thnt secured
u medal this year was 21, and best re*
suits havo nothing to do with tt, al*
though tin y should.
i. N. Muir.
O. McCreery 30 vs. Rumsey 16.
M. A. Healc 30; bye.
II. II. Bourne 15; bye.
Udles' Singles Handicap
Miss  Mecredy 30 vs. Mrs.  Miller
scratch.
Mrs. Halssll lfi vs. Miss Peterson
scratch.
Miss Erickson 30; bye.
Miss Pye 30; hye.
Miss Christie, scratch, bye.
Miss Ran well 16; bye.
Miss McCreery, scratch; bye.
Men's Doubles Handicap
Mackersy and Mclllwaine 40 vs. Wilson and Phillips, scratch
Mecredy and Fairbairn 40 vs, Oreen
and Beale 16&
McEwen and Newton 15H vs. Hicks
and A. N. Other scratch.
Bourne and Rumsey 16; scratch.
Udles' Doable* Handicap
Misses Pye and Erickson 30; bye.
Mrs. Miller and Miss Hewitt scratch;
bye.
Misses Mecredy and Orceno 30 vs.
Mines. Christie aud McCreery 16*4.
Mrs. Ilalsall and Miss Banwell 16;
bye.
Mixed Donhles Handicap
Mackersy and Miss Pye 30; bye.
McCreery and  Mrs. McCreery lfi;
bye.
Mecredy and Miss Mecredy 30; bye.
METHODIST SUNDAY
SCHOOL PICNIC
One of tbe most successful summer
picnics in the history of the organization was that given by the .Sunday
school of the Methodist church on
Wednesday afternoon. The crowd, of
which the large preponderance was
children, assembled ut the church at
w Pyes nr I :-'r>J White were r.r- ut onc o'clock and about a
ruted this we ne ami charged wit'1 b'- dozen  automobiles were  kept  busy
McEwen and Mrs. Ilalsall 15; bye.
Hicks and A. N. Other scratch; bye.
Beale and Miss Greene 15; bye.
Results of mutches played to date:
Mecredy 30 heat Rumsey 15. 6-1,«»-'_'.
Fairbairn 40 beat Hicks scratch
6-0, 6-1.
in police corn r
I conveying them to the grounds.   The
'. picnic was held on the same grounds
Ing drunk anJ dteuKpriv .nni wero
given fifteen   lays at hard labor by
Magistrate Arruld.    George Hel-wlt-* used by the Presbyterian church Sun-
Un was also brought up on ,1   i   *nd I *■•'!' Hchool last  week aud they had
d. charge and fined $3.00 and costs previously been equipped with swings.
or ten days. tables, chairs, etc., so that when the
A   Bult   for   wages   was   brought children arrived they Immediately pro-
against J.  Kenny by  Messrs.  Jones ceeded with their games and atnuse-
A. O. Shatfordl 1G n.l McEwen 15WJam, Wann for WjB aml |I900 re8pec. ments.
lively and was heard before Magistrate Arnold today. The court ordered that the money should bc
paid.
NOTICE OF KEDISTHIIir-
TION COMMISSION
NOTICE IS HEREBY OIVEN that
a meeting wlll be held on Tuesday,
next, 4th August, 1914, ut 10 o'clock
ln the forenoon, at the Government
Office by the Honourable the Commissioners appointed by the British
Columbia Government for the purpose
The afternoon was devoted to base-
bull and cricket. Cold drinks were
served. In the evening a splendid picnic supper was served and afterward a
progrum of sports and races wus
given in the cool of the evculng.
The children all returned to town
nboul nine o'clock In the evening well
satisfied tvith a most enjoyable day's
sports.
TOWS TOPIC'S
OPENING ANNOUNCEMENT
We desire to announce to the public that our stock is now all properly
jrranged and we are in a position to
handle all orders promptly and with
the best of care. We may also stat«>
that we sell for cash only therefore,
we can afford less profit; thereby, too.
beneficial to our patrons also because
^f the reduction In price.
Our repairing department Is mod-
ernly and fully equipped and we can
assure you that all repairs wilt be
promptly attended to.
We may also add that we have a
large rauge of trunks and bag-: in
stock.
We will be greatly pleased to show
you our stock at any time.
Thanking you for your future business
We are, yours sincerely,
The Cranbrook Saddlery Co., Ltd.
per Arthur A. Botsford, Manager.
J. W. Robinson arrived In the city
from  Calgary today and  Is  looking
of hearing and taking evidence In re after husiness Interests,
the redistribution of Electoral  Districts.
N. A. WALLINGER,
Government Agent.
30th July, 1914.
Miss Alice C Pye Is leaving today
for Spokane for a month's visit and
will return In time to resume her
classes  In   music  the  last  week  In
'isnxn.
Mrs. C. R. Heath, of Wycliffe, Is a
city visitor today.
Mrs. F. J. Deane has returned from
a month's sojourn at Spokane, where
F. M. Macpherson left Tuesday for! »he underwent a successful operation
Medicine Hat on business. ; on her eyes.
Funeral services of Mrs. Annie Mc- Tom Hedigan returned today from
Farlane was held from the homo of Hull Hiver where he has been spending
Mr. and Mrs. W. B, McFcrlane last1*-1'" P«*t month doing development
Sunday at noon nnd the bttdy shipped Work ftn •*• "Steeple Queen" mining
to Moyle for Interment. properly owned hy P. Conrad, A. D.
  Cameron    and    Mr.    Hedlgnn.      He
Things  nre not  really  worse, but. brought in a number of fine looking
Kumsey and Miss Banwell scratch j men's hopes,   asperatlons   and   ox-1 samples.    The property Is a silver-
vs. Fairbairn and Miss Hewitt 16.        j pectatlons are greater than they UBcd | lead proposition and Is located about I hopo to ho ot any benefit and no relief
Newton and Wis Krickson 30; bje. to be.-8ir B. Grey H|x miles from Bull River. 'can com* through that eoarce.
MOSES IN THE WILDERNESS
A new Moses nu.*- appeared on the
political horizon in the person of Mr.
A. E. Watts, of Wattsburg, who Id
looking for political honors In that he
desires the electors to return him to
the federal house. It is striking that
this new leader of tl.e children of
Isrteti with his promises to lead them
straight to the promised Isnd, should
he found in the ranks oi the Conservative party. Mr. Watts is unique as
u Conservative in that he admits there
are evils In existence in that party
while most of the political leaders
endeavor to blind tho people to the
true state of affairs, The Conservative
party has beeu In power in this province for the past ten years, they have
the reins of power In the Dominion
since itin if the lumbermen ure unprotected and abused what party Is to
bhinie und can you look to thut party
for    protection?     If  the  tanner   Is
downtrodden and overtaxed and im-
poied upon is it likely that the party
In power will right about face, on tin
advent of Mr. Watts, and exorcise u
paternal care over the horny-handed
sons of toll'.'    The answer If obvious
What panacea run .Mr. Watts propose
thnt wilt cause the party tenders, entrenched with the great financial Inter-
■'«'s which are already sapping the
life blood of the Dominion, and clasp
hands with the humble farmer? The
Conservative has had Its chance nnd
It has proven untrue to Its trust. The
treasury hus been ransacked by Mac-
kenzle and Mann, the country's credit
hu>> lieen ruined by excessive borrowing and trade restriction bus followed.
The condition brought about by the
Conservative party and Its various
policies have rebounded to the detriment of thc country and a few m* agre
bills for the protection of the lumbering interests will not suffice to cure
the Ills that beset us. The question
Is one of deep economic Import and the
only solution offered Is found In the
Liberal party. Results are what
count. During the regime of the Liberals trade expansion and prosperity
nbounded on every side, and want and
out-of'Work were unknown. No matter how good Mr. Watts' Intentions he
Is In with the wrong parly to ever
START ON  WATER
WORKS NEXT WEEK
Contractors Non Iu the Cltj Making
Preps ration •* to Begin on Item
and Supply Piper)
Work on the new city water works
•vill start next week. The contractors
ire In the city with a carload of effects ready to get busy on the job and
:>*o carloads of pipe are expected here
iy Monday. There is nothing to pre-
unt the work starting immediately
ind bring pushed through as rapidly
as possible. It Is expected that about
two hundred men will he employed
when tin* work Is once fully underway-
All of the pipe was shipped through
to Montreal from Germany and the
two carloads expected here this week
were loaded and rushed out. The
balance of the order will follow ln
the course of a few day-. Th" work
vIU commence 0t the dam with the
building ot the new dam and the laying
if the large supply pipes. It Is hoped
'hat the complete system will be re-
aid before cold weather sets fn.
The contractors, Messrs. Leder, Hot-
ion and Goode, of Lethbridge, are
'ilirhly recommended as responsible in
"very way for the carrying out of their
art of the contract. They have agreed
•o give work to local men as far as
"osslble and with a fixed minimum
wage of $2.60 per day should be able
to employ all of the ni'n who are now
'•ut of «ork In the City.
CANADA CAN SUPPLY ALL
HARVEST HELP NEEDED
Winnipeg, July 27.—.A meeting of
the passenger heads of the Canadian
Pacific railway, Canadian Northern
railway and Orand Trunk Pacific
was lold this morning to consider the
tuestlon of bringing to tho harvest
fields of the west farm laborer- from
the eoi*t. it is expected the cumber
the railway** will be called upon to
bring west this year win be considerably smaller than fn the past Conditions are inch in the west that there
is already oa the spot a considerable
number Of men ready for work Only
Isolated districts report sn Insufficient
Upply "f labor, while ii large proportion report Uie supply greater than
'he demand, it is certain tlmt the
migration from south of the line win
be negligible thi** year.    What help Is
heeded win come from eastern Canada and the cities of tbe west und
middle west.
At today's meeting of the railway
passenger agents arrangements were
completed for the shipments of these
men to the harvest fields. The channels through which the annuul harvest helpers are secured have become
worn deep enough so that the right
sort answer the call. In the eastern
cities hundreds of men are ready and
waiting.
BAND CONCERT
The ('ranbrook city band will give
the regular weekly open air concert
Sunday evening, commencing at S.4G
p.m.:
Program
Morch-On the Hike Droklnshlro
Overture   The Calif of Bagdad.,..
    I.oieldle.i
WaltlOS- "U  Soiree" Nathan
Selection    Auld Scollu Under
Intermezzo   Egyptlu  Olman
March—Tlio Show Boy Huff
(ind Save (he King
Janes Austin, bandmaster. PAGE TWO
THE CRANBKOin HERALD
THURSDAY, JULY 30th, 1914
HOTEL
COEUR D'ALENE
Howard 31. «uU Trent Ave.
A New And
Modern Hotel
(EUROPEAN
A   modern   equipped   Cafe   at
moderate prices
Rates 11.00 and up per day
Our but) meet» all train ;
The Coeur d'Alene Co.
I'roprletors
JACOB (JOKTZ, President
11AHRV   F.   BAKH,   Nee.
CITY TRANSFER CO.
IV. E. Worden, Prop.
66  PHONE  66
Dry Slab Wood
Rick Wood
COAL AND ICE
Baggage Transfer
Hand and (travel .Supplied
(Haul Powder
JUovInir Pianos a Specialty
Furniture   and    Baggage
Stored
J. MILNE, Manager
Montana
Restaurant
Corner Cranbrook Street
Phone 201
Open Way and Might
BEST MEALS IN TOWN
Candies, Fruits and Cigars
Good Rooms in Connection
A. K. Jones
T. 1. Dorln
Jones & Doris
Contractor*  aad  Builder*
Lft Un Quote Yon Prices Before
Ynu Build
See iih about your concrete and
basement work
FRANK CARLSON
Billiard Koom and Cigar
Store
For   a   Quiet   Game   of
Pocket Billiard!) or
English Billiard.
HANSOM BLOCK
PEERLESS
DAIRY
J. Taylor, Proprietor
Has just purchased a car of
HIGH GRAPE COWS
(All Tuberculin Tested)
Milk and cream twice dally
Buttermilk twice a week
The only clarified milk In
Town
We guarantee to  Please
Siipscrlpllco Hales
One   Year    	
Six Montlis     	
Three Montlis    	
J.200
1.01)
.50
tilt'  CRANBROOK   HERALD FOR   those   OOD  JOBS   ABOUT
J. B. THOMPSON, Editor and Manager        THK 1I0lsl: THE YANKEE
SPIRAL SCREW DRIVER
Wltli tlie adjustments that make j
the right und loft hand movements
| und ulso plain screw driver. This
iiumly, inexpensive- tool is needed In
overy home. Comes complete with
throe hits of different widths.
The Illusion Untidy Hnnd Saw
Yes, It is always sharp, will hold its !
'dge throe link's ao lcng as the "Just-
j as-good" Ulntl.   Another point to con-:
I sldor—IT'S   ITI.I.V   WARRANTED, j
i When ynu buy n Dlsston you are get-1
ting tlie very best saw that the very j
I best mechanics knows how to build.
One DIbsIou Wlll Outwear Scu-ral of
Hie Comiiieu Kind
ENO
"FRUIT
Advertlsiui*   Itute*
Display   Advertising,   25   cents
Column Inch.
1 Reading .Notices or
i cents per line.
'lussiiled Ads. 10
('ni nb i'
it is boiug casually announced
tlmt u provincial election ls tu be j
called next year und that us a bop to IK IT'S
the voters ol' tliis dlstrlot un appropriation oi' $200,000 will li.- mado.
it is hoped thnt the voters ot
ilils district liuve gained enough Intelligence Unit tlioy will not he so
cheaply bought and will vot** [or hon-
QUALITY   TOOLS   I'OMi:
HI-RE FIKST
f town ordors given prompt
Attention
out.
Th
est   govcruu
of tlk' machine govorti
tobu should survo ns
Sir Richard McBride
clilno-tnuuaged cabinet,
Ik coming when tin* p
bo fooled hy tin* old
thut having plunged tin
| nice lu th.' Dominion
lorvllo
ul most-do rout
icnt in Muni-
reminder to
and his ma-
tluit tlie time
ople will not
mothods and
richest prov-
the posl-
inl
The hypocrite Is that unlurkleat of
artors who Is never out of a Job ~<j. K.
Chesterton.
Upported fact that we suffer because i
.ve love!   "Hereby," said John, "we L^a flmrsday,
perceive tlio love of Qod because Hej    Mra_ s *j,y*eB WM the gU(?fit of Mrs
t. A. Smith over Sunday.
John  Blackburn   returned   Sunday
rom his trip through tiie Similkameen
tion of a servile mendicant iu tin*
money markets of tho world and dls*
slpated the great heritage of natural
resources wltli whicli this province
was blessed, the mills of tho gods are
turning the wheels of destiny once
again and that the Conservative party of tliis province will bo crushed
with its weight- the result of their
own perfidy and grafting,
si ni>avjom;mn
lltj "Cleric")
SEIUIONKTTi:
l.njiim  homii Ufc
"Hereby   we   perceive   &e   love   of
ihni because lie laid down His life foi
ns."-l John 8:10,
Love is always connected with service aud Bucrliice, Service may be
divorced from love, for a mini may
•jorve humanity from a sense of duty;
but love cannot he divorced from ser-
/Ice and trom sacrifice. Vou maj
serve without loving, even sacrifice
without loving; but yon simply cannot love truly within.t doing either or
both. Think it out an) read in connection with tin* thought the classic
passuge, "For God so loved that Hi
,'uvt'." I John 3:0).
Granville in "Tin* Hritish Bnclmn-
ress" has said that we attain love by
uffering. That may or may not bc
.rue;  but what Is true is the well-
F. Parks & Co.
Hardware and Mill Supplies
for "me, my uud mine," must one duy
iinBwer "no." Neither it Is. Victory
nni experience unquestionably prove
hat the life centred in self is a dis-
ippoiutlng and heart-breaking exlst-
inco. "More happiness," said a man
-o mc the otlier day, "comes to me
Ail en l help others than in anything
isi* 1 know." Ho had found the see-
ret of true satisfaction, and for him
Jie question, "Is life worth living?"
A'as answered fn the affirmative,
inly when we lay down our lives, In
.he sense of the text, shall life be
vorth living. Ponder well upon what
Ironfel of Labrador said at Montreal
■ecently: "Life Ik a beautiful tiling be-
ause of the opportunities lt gives for
icrvlce. That is the only thing really
vorth living for. AU the suicides,
.veary of life, are those, who have
■ought to use their lives for self-
ileuslug, or gratification, or gain."
(Special correspondence)
Tho funeral service of Mrs. Annie
McFarlane was held by the Rebekahs
■.t the home of her brother-in-law,
.V. B. McFarlane, Cranbrook, Sunday
The cortege proceeded to Moyie,
.vhere .service was held in the Motlio-
11st church. The Odd Fellows ut-
ended lu a body, the pall bearers bong Qoorge Garden, <:. A. Foote, Juek
WcKuy, A. Pitman, IV. H. Laird and
\lbin Johnson.
Malcolm Hlue, of Nelson, was n
Mbyte visitor last week.
Miss Bolsjolle left for Cowley, Alta.
n visit her aunt. Mrs. Trashy,
Fred  Ege, of Kimberley, was    In
aid down  His life
We must keep before our binds the
fact that to lay down one's life does
mt of necessity Include dying.     Wi
have uu abundance of Instances when |
the laying down of life meant death,
and, on the other hand, numerous 11*
lustrations showing that the laying
down of life meant exalted service,
■utc'i as was exemplified by General
Booth,   Father   Dam len,   Dr.   Living- j
stone, and by Jesus Christ, the super-1
latlve and all-eclipsing example. Said '
Lyman Abbot, "We lay down our lives
when we give tbem to a groat cause,
to a great service, to a great leader."
.Vow Jesus died, but the message of
tilts  particular text is  tliat  He  laid :
down His life in noble, self-denying
work for mankind.   From Bethlehem's
cradle to Calvary's cross It was a life
consecrated to the social, moral and
spiritual regeneration of His fellows. :
Thus He laid down His life!
I ask two questions.
1. H'IihI Is life? 1 take one answer
out of many, regarding it as comprehensive, namely, "Llfo is response to .
environment." Without our own nar-
row circle, beside? our own needs,
apart from our own trials, there is a
world oi" broken hearts, of struggling
victims of evil, of failures, of despairing men! Those who golfishiy cry.
"look out for number oue," if thoy
only knew It, utter•*%suicidal maxim
for life Is response to the call of need
ar*. und us.    It Is easj  to resign from
all gooil work, easy to allow auotli
to take our place; hut al
narrowing of mv, the I
the beginning of (loath even In life.
We live only insofar as we respond
to the world around lis, "Whosoever
shall save lire shall lose It," is true
also In this sense.
i.   I*, life north Ihlugf   Tiie man
who lives n selfish llfo, who cares only
If  you   want   satisfaction
with your washing
send it to
MONTANA LAl'MHtY
Special prices  for family
work
1              A Rii.il  Ltjver  Simulation
GOLD WATCH FREE.
jfe H
ill in
wi s,:..,i i nf mum],
Inm   nflor.      W«   ■,.■-■*   .tc    i>,   uttl    ,.rjj   lu.i.li
Mi-.it   in  mni  .i  *it,.i         iBtHol    mwh
IB'oani'   i.iil.>/    ml "...        ,    ,       ,,.(,''  '\"„
J»"JT-.*"i" 'i'l '* .-i11' Vt.'i,' i "','''| '1,"'v",u
k*.«lti«l                                                          * '    """'',    "
country.
Miss Mary Brvensson, of Kitchener,
Is visiting Mrs. O. Xordeen.
Mrs. W. B, McFarlane returned to
ier home In Cranbrook Tuesday.
Mrs. J. B. Rudd, of Bellevuo, Alta..
was a Moyie visitor for a few days
Ids week,
Mrs. J. Martin aud family arrived
liome Monday from Wardner.
Dr. Green made a professional trip
to Moyie Tuesday.
Marry Gamble, foreman of thc Sulll-
au mine, Kimberley, and Mrs,
Gamble, are the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. C. A. Foote.
The Scandinavian Benefit Society
will hold tlieir annual picnic at the
Porto Rico ranch on tlie Narrows,
August Hnd.
Mrs. Rankin, of A 1nsWorth, who
has been visiting Mrs. A, Cameron,
left for Cranbrook eu route for Calgary,
Miss Nina Attwood is in Crnnbrook
visiting her sister, Mrs. p. Adams.
K. Lutner, G. Feroglla and A. Blackburn returned from u day's fishing
lip Limit) creek witb 1!40 nice trout.
A meeting or the Moyie ratepayers
Is called to discuss school affairs In
tho school house Thursday evening nt
7.80 o'clock.
P. F. Johnson, who is camping at
Green   Buy.  caught  n  trout  In  the
Upper Moyle Lake measuring twenty-
tlmt is the I ft""" Indies In length,
lug of life, "
FORT STEELE
(.Special   correspondence)
A company Iiuh been formed in
Spokane under the title of Wild Horse
Mines Co., with a capitalization of
$100,000. Tliey have begun working
,on tho claim owned by Adam Wise,
four and a half miles from here. Their
, mining expert, Mr. Mclklejohn, Is here
superintending the work.
Evelyn, aged three years and six
montlis, tho daughter of W. H. Barr,
of Wasn. who was burned to death at
that place was taken to Cranbrook
hospital, but died en route. The remains were then brought to Steele
and remained In the Presbyterian
church over Sunday. Funeral services wero held at Wasa at Barr's
residence on Sunday morning by Mr.
J. A. Walker, M.A., of Fort Steele nnd
memorial services wero also held In
the Presbyterian church at B.30 and
was largely attended. The remains
wore taken from the church and Interred in tlio local cemetery.
A party of six left Steele for a
day's fishing up Wild Horse Sunday
morning, including Rill Myers, Len
Clark, T. Hunford, Rob Crowe, etc.
They had pretty good tuck.
It. Abort)othy and C, Tnsptu, of
Spokane, arrived Tuesday night. Roth
I are Interested In the Invlctua mine,
if they were going to do some mure
development on the property,
Finlay Robinson, of the Western
Canada Wholesale, Fcrnie, and Stanley Pratt, of Vancouver, were here to-
ilay (Tuesday) .IoIhk business.
F.ueas I larding Small, of Canal
Flats, and Kd. Johnson, of Finlay
Creek, passed through here on their
way home.
FERNIE
Dan McDonald, of Hosmer, was sent
up for trial by Stipendiary Magistrate
Stalker ou a charge of assault with
intent to do grievous bodily harm.
It ls said he struck A. Nicholson over
che head with a rifle. Nicholson's
akull was fractured and the stock uf
the rifle was broken In three pieces.
William Balderstoue and Annie
Sherman, both of Kernie, wero •married Saturday by Rev. D. M. Parley.
Charles Williams was sent up for
two months for common nssault.
The citizens of Hosmer have arranged to hold a muss meeting on
.Monday and Tuesday next, relative to
thc closing of tin* coal mines there.
Kdward Hollinshead aud Frank
iTollinshcad. residents of West Fernie,
.vere arrested on Friday, charged with
having stolen a leather bolt from one
of the planers of tbe Elk Lumber
company. They were allowed out on'
bail of $l'50 each aud wlll come up
for preliminary hearing on Monday.
P. Albo, merchant, of Fernie, left on
Saturday for Naples, Italy.
The farmer is sure the happy man
these days and don't have to sit up'
nights haling himself.*
A.Curney, the grand old man ofl
Kaslo, arrived last week on tbe last
two boats and received the freedom
of the eity, fraternized with the ac-1
knowlcdgcd three biggest liars ln B.
C. and had a real good time. We are
Sorry our old university pal R. F.
Green was unable to come with him.
He would huve got a royal welcome!
with no country rock ln It.
Miss Rinu Terrace, chief operator,;
Kootenay Telephone Linos, Fernie,
who has been spending her vacation '
at Cruubrook, the guest of Miss
Blanche Goodyear, stopped off on her
return and visited with Mra. Hard-
man, manageress of the telephone exchange, Klko.
Mrs. aud Miss Muriel Ayre are taking In the Brandon fair, Manitoba.
Now Hint the mosquito Is practically under control, there is a demand
for a quarantine against the railroad
liogs, starting fires along the track
and whicli are reported to lie making trouble around Klko and Baynes
the last few days.
Tobacco Plaiim society in eagerly
awaiting tlie return of Mrs. Four Sky
Thunder, formerly Miss Delia Durk-
feuther, aud a number of post-nuptial entertainments which are being
planned iu ber honor.
Sovoral families from Medicine
Hat, the gas eity, liave rented furnished
houses ln Riverside Park nnd will
spend the summer In Klko.
The Elko merchants are making
great preparations for tbe Moose picnic, August :ird, and fully intend making it a red letter day for Elko. Sev-
erul citizens' meetings are called for
tliis week to make arrangements to
entertain the visitors. It Is fully expected that over a thousand will come
from Fernie, not counting Dave Martin and a big bunch from Coal Creek.
You will bo amused und entertained
at this picnic und you'll be gOHh darned sorry if you miss it—Elko, August
Urd. The town will be yours to enjoy yourself, Emmeline Pankhurst will
neither address the crowd nor run in
any of the races.
The Rev. Mr. Cowan, of Baynes,
Waldo, Flagstone, Gateway and other
places to numerous to mention was
an Elko visitor -tliis week.
The distance between Elko and
Baynes Is ten minutes and ten
seconds If you ride with C. E. Ayre,
at the wheel of his dog killer.
CRESTON
(From the Creston Review)
Trafedy again played a gruesome
/(sit to Erickson, w.ien on Thursd:
'veiling thu grim hand of death laid
aold on one of her la* est citizens. Ole
K. Tofte. Ho had only been a rtsfd-
ent of Erickson for a few month
having boifglit the little ranch Urom
Mr. MeDougall, but In tho short time
io had been tiiere Mr. Tofte had made
many friends and the news of bis sud
den death came as a severe shack to
them. It seemed tbat Mr. Tofte had
ost some money and the fact came as
a sudden surprise to him, causing a
shock which no doubt affected his
heart. He had frequently complained
tt heart trouble and was very excitable at times. When found he lay with
his face down In the dust, his arm
still holding the bridle rein of his
horse, nnd the faithful animal standing over him dumbly waiting for his
masters next command, a picture that
could not help but make an impression on tho hardest heart. The first
person to pass wns Alex. Duperrez,
who went at once to the hotel and
had the doctor called. Dr. Henderson
soon arrived but It was too late, life
was then extinct. On Friday morning
a coroner's jury, having examined
several witnesses, came to the decision thut the deceased came to his
death from natural causes. The funeral took place In the late afternoon
und the old man was laid to rest In
thc presence of a few of the friends
lie had made since coming to this district to live. Rev. F. I* Carpenter
conducting the Impressive cehemony.
Word Is brought to us from over
the river of the loss by fire this afternoon of tha house, barn and outbuildings of the Dun English ranch.
Tlie loss Is quite considerable, the fire
having made a clean sweep. The
cause of the tire was a mystery as Mr.
English was away working at the
ferry when the lire started and there
was no one about nt the time thnt be
is aware of.
After visiting the Roosville valley
and Tobacco Plains country several
days, we are once more back In Elko,
the most picturesque stmt In southern B.C. and thc tales of woe around
the sawmill towns would produce
tears in nn elephant. The serious
state of conditions are making men
think; some of them are thinking so
hard that their hide Is commencing
to crack, and their muscles to expand.
They are studying the cause of this
stringency and what the government
is doing In tlie matter. They have
just hnd an election In Manitoba, and
should tills government consult a fortune toller In the present emergency
tliey would be told, you're going to
get something that you don't expect.
Let the women have a vote, goodness
knows they couldn't make conditions
worse than tliey are. From Dorr
along tho Hue to Gateway, oil stakes
look like a prnlrio line fence. The
Itoosville valley is tbe sume, hut the
best tlilnV in oil we know of at the
present time ls sardln.es. Tho hay
crop on the plains la the biggest ever
harvested, and tho cow's milk that
nltuatud up Moose Creek.  It looks u' thick the cream can't get to the top.
NOTICE
To whom it may concern:
The under sign.ul datum one-):;'If interest in one certain stallion named
"Esswood." No. 24008, lately offered
for sale by James Fusee, nn 1 will take
action to protect his interest ugainBt
any person who purchases said animal unless satisfactory arrangements
are made before band with him.
James Squire,
31-lt Waldo, B.C.
NOTICE
NOTICE IS HEREBY given that the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company
las Lessees and exercising the Franchise of the Kootenay Central Railway) did deposit ln the Nelson Und
Registry Ollice, on tbe 22ud day of
July, 1914, as number 75H.T., Plan.
Profile and Book of Reference shewing "Revised Location" of portion of
the Kootenay Central Railway from
a point In the southern boundary of
Lot lot* (tlie northern boundary of
sub-Lot 40 L. 4590) to a point ln
the northern boundary of Shuswap Indian Reserve, Eas: Kootenay District
Mile 02.94 to Mile 90.11J,
Dated at Winnipeg this 24th day of
July. A.D. 1914.
P. Mcpherson,
Right of Way and Lease Agent, Western   Lines. 3i-2t
SOUTH EAST KOOTKNAV DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that I, Brinsley
Sheridan Burchell, intend to apply for
a license to prospect for coal and
petroleum over the following described
lands:
Commencing at a post plunted about
three and one half Ci^l miles north ot
the north boundary of 7280 in block
4593; and being the S. W. corner post;
thence eust eighty (80) chains; thence
north eighty thO) chains; thence
west eighty (SO) chuins; thence
south eighty (SO) chains to point of
commencement.
Dated June 20th, 1914.
B. S. Buchell.
Witness: O. A. Benson. 2»-5
SOUTH KAST KOOTENAY DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that I, Oza Abuid
Benson, Intend to apply for a license
to urospect for coal and petroleum
over the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted ubout
three and one liulf 1:1^) miles nortli
of the nortb boundary of 7280 In
block 4598; and being the N. W. corner
post; thence east eighty OiO) chains;
thence south eighty (80) chains;
thence wesl eighty (80) chains; thence
north eighty (80) chains to point of
commencement.
Dated June 20th, 1914.
O. A. Benson.   '
Witness:   It. s. llurehell. 29-51
Our
JDLY CLEARANCE
Sale
Will Save Money
For You
Everything in the store reduced in price.
Come Early and get the pick of lhe bargains.
Pictorial
Review
Patterns
Ilalsall & Co.
LADIES', MISSES', AND CHILDREN'S OUTFITTERS
Armstrong
Ave.
Why Sin Against your Home Town
Hy Buying Your Clothing Out of Town when you .'im
Secure Expert Bervioe and.Guaranteed Satisfaction at
Prices that will ( omniand Your Attention in your own
town,
Our Cliotlies have Hint Nobby, Dressy Effect and they
wear longer ami hold llieir shape lietter than custom
made clothing, no matter what price you pay,
We have a complete stock of English. Scotch and Irish
Cloths to choose from and give you any variety of color, texture or quality,
Ladies' and.Gent's Suits from $20.00 up'
iS/ict'itil Attention /,'imi to Cleaning, Pressing A Repairing Ladies' und Gent's Goods.
Parisian Cleaning Works
P. E SNOOK, Proprietor
THE NEAL INSTITUTE
«MNMO0K •       BKITISH COLUMBIA
Drinkers Unable
To Resist Craving
That the Poison of
Alcohol Creates—
Becomes Slave to
tho Habit.
Should Take Neal Three-
Day Cure
It Drives Poison
(Jut of the System
Removing Desire.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HKA1» OFFICE: TORONTO
Capital Authorized  * 10,000,000.00
Capital Paid Ip     T.illlo.OlMl.oo
Reserve and Cndirlileil I'rolils     s.illll.ooil.lio
D. R. WILKIB, President
HON.  ROBERT JAFKRAY, Vice-President
Accounts of Corporations, Municipalities, Merchants,
Tarmers nnd Private Individuals invited.
Drafts and Letters of Credit Issued available In any
part of the world.
SAVINGS MEI'AHTMEM'—Special attention given to
Savings Bank Accounts. Deposits of $1.00 and upwards
received and interest allowed from date of deposit.
CKAMIKOOK BRANCH* II. IV. SUPPLE, Manager
__ __  	
NIHTIl KAST KOOTKNAV DISTRICT      NOTICE  TO CREDITORS
I TAKK NOTICK tliat I, llrillsli'y, NOTICK IS IIEIIHDY OIVEN Hint
Sllorldau Bilrclioll, llitonil tu unply tor nil imthiiiih having any claim against
a llconjn lo prospoct rur cool anil tlio oitnto nr tin. int.. ctnvid GHIIHIi,
in'truicnm ever tho following fltiscrlbod win, ,ii,.,i on or about the il'Hi day ,.r
lands: i July, ISH. at Kurt BloolO, III Ull I'rnv-
Commencing at a port planted hboul lace In itriteii Columbia, arc roqulr.
oae and one lialf tlMtl miles mirth nt cd en or before tbo 81it day nf Aug-
the boundary of 7280 In block 4693; . anl, All lin l, to hcihI hy poll propald
and being the N. K. corner iinst, tlicaci'I In   the   iioderHlgaed    Hnlleitnra   for
south eighty (SOI chains; tl e wort Ooorgo Ml Judd mid Henry Karalmw
eighty (80) chains; thonco north I the executors nf the said ostato, their
eighty (HOI chains; thence eust eighty : mimes and addresses ami full imrtlca-
(80) chains Us point of ciinimiiuce-1 hirs of their clnJms In writing and a
incut. | statement of tlie ucctMintR and Uio na-
liated June mill. 1011. I lure of tlieir securities. If any, held by
11. H. Buroholl.     iiiem, uml  such  statement ahull  be
Witness: Sutherland Mutton.        20-61   verllled by slalalorr declaration.
==•      AND TAKK NOTICK that lifter the
SOUTH HAST KOOTKNAV DISTRICT JJ't day of August, All., 1UH, Uoorgn
  M. Judd und Henry Kershaw wlll pro-
TAKIO N0TIOB that i, llrlnslcy loood to distribute the assets of the
Shcrldun Burchell, Intend lo apply for i said deceased having regard only to
license to prospect for coul aud' the claims or which they shull then
petroleum over the followlnn doaorlbed ', have had notice, ami wlll not bo liable
lands: 'to any person of whose claim they
Commencing at a post planted about: shull not then have had notice,
one uud one half d'^, miles north of! Harvey, McCarter, Macdomild & NIs-
tho north boundury of 72HU In block '       bet,
4MK!; and being thc N. W. corner' 10-4 Solicitors for the auld Kxccutor's,
post; thence east eighty (8(1) chains; [ =•
thence south eighty (80) chains; . silI'TII riST koiiTi v iv iuutiiii't
thenco west eighty (80) chains; thence Bul *" '•A'tr KgOTEffAl DISTRICT
north eighty (SO) challis lo point of TAKK notice that I. Oza Abuid
commencement. i Benson, Intend to apply lor a lioeuso
Dated June 18th, UM. i to prospect for coal and petroleum
Hiircliull.    | ovw t„e following described lands:
B. S.
Witness: O. A. Benson.
29-
CENTURY RESTAURANT
Opposite ('.IMt. Station
Tbo Place lo (lot a IJtilck Meal
and u Hood Meal
Rooms tu Kent
11 Commencing at a post planted ubout
i one and one half (1^4) miles north of
Uie north boundary of 7280 In block
' 4688; and being tlie S. W. corner post;
thence eiiBt eighty (80) chains;
thence north eighty (80) chains;
thence weBt eighty (80) chains; thenco
smith eighty (80) chuins to point of
commencement.
Dated June, 18th, 1014.
O. A. Ilemnu.
WllntM: B 8., Buchell. 28-H, THURSDAY, 'JULY 30th, 1914
THE CRANBROOK  HERALD
PAGE THREE
The Store with a reputation
Kootenay's Greatest Drug
■nd Book Store
The Beattie-Murphy
Co., Ltd.
Wherl It pars to deal
CKANUHOOK, H.C.
Fair Warning
About Your Eyes
You can abuse tliein.
Youeau trille with nature.
Butlieten:-
Vou CAN'T liHinlle 10ft
pi tali with ynur liaru
hauila without smirching
them.
You CAN'T take a diet
of poiaou and expect to
lire.
You CAN'T ieo plainly
without glasses if your
• ight ia impaired—the
more yon try, the worse
your eight will become.
The wearing of scicntili-
c a 11 y   constructed
CLASSES will end your
eye trouble.
Trust us   for the   help
you require.
W. Oilson
J«w«Ur and Optician
TOWN TOPICS
Just phone 211 for best service.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs. Chas Tyler,
on Sunday, July 26th, a daughter.
Everything is special for you at
Sun Grocery.   Phone 211.
Briug your repairs to Green's Repair Shop, opposite Masonic Hall.     *
Mrs. T. Lawaon is leaving for Calgary and Winnipeg on August 1st.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs, J. T. Mc-
Fadden on Wednesday, July 29th, a
son.
Cash buys the most and the best at
Sun Urocery, 55 Van Home street,
Phone 211.
Born—In Cranbrook, on Saturday,
July 18th, to Mr. and Mrs, Bert Mat-
son, a daughter.'
Dr. and Mrs. McCallum and Miss
MalotB, of Fort Steele, were In the city
on Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. J. 1*. Fink and family
are camping this week at Green Bay
on Moyie 1-ake.
Wm. Currie, of the Cranbrook
Foundry, has been laid up for the
pant few days with an abscess.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Carlson nnd a
party of friends nre spending the
week camping on Green Bay, Moyle
Lako,
Grant repairs harness. Phone 186.—
Cranbrook Exchange. 25-3t
W. K. Stephens, formerly proprietor
of Stephens' Grocery, lins taken n
position with the new Itrm of lra
Manning, Ltd.
W. K. Worden Is building u new six
room cottage on Armstrong avenue.
Haker & Bnulleld, tlie contractors,
have the construction of the hulld-
log.
Miss 11. M. Colllngs, of tlie Fink
Mercantile Co., left tliis week on her
summer holidays, which she wlll
Hpend nt Maeleod. hncombe and Cal*
■ary.
On and after August first the Kimberley train wlll be run on Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, leaving
('ranbrook nt 7.80 a.m. and returning
leaving Kimberley at (MO am.
Till August 3rd, D. 0 Howard, Organist and Organ Builder wlll tunc,
repair, clean and regulate your piano
or player piano for the sum of t't.00;
references. Phone nddresn care this
office.
Mrs J. L, Walker hns returned
from an extended trip cast. Mr. Walker Journeyed as far as Medicine Hat
to meet her and seems very much
pleased at the sudden termination of
his bachelor Joys.
MAO
A Wyoming man went craxy after
mowing the lawn and splitting a half
cord of wood. There must have been
something wrong with htm tn the
fln;t place, or he would not have butted Into his wife's work.—Harrison
(Ark). Times.
HANK
Our reputation as a dutiful and
obedient husband does not come from
our having bc.on sucli n help to our
wife In picking and soedlng chorrles.
However, we do rh Im some distinction for letting no cherry pie havo to
be thrown out—McLouth (Kans.)
Timet.
Wiif!^
A. E. Perkins, the piano tuner, is
In tbe city this week.
Mrs. E. H. McPhee and children are
at the coast spending several weeks,
A special meeting of the Cranbrook
civilian Rifle association Is called for
Tuesday  evening,  August   4th,  at  8 i i
o'clock, in the basement of the govern-1    J|r A, R Watts of. Wattsburg 1
I ment building, for the purpose of con-! m city todiiV on ,msin„ss
] siderlng ways and means to procure, .        	
government mnge for Cranbrook. I    Borden was substitut
MANY shrewd periont
lave their muner by
buying diamonds Mt
lu rings, pirn, ami
other aiticlefi of jewelry. Ytm can alwavi selladiatnoiid
at a fair profit- it you buy right.
I'urchaeing diamonds will not
only, tlu'ifjore, enhance your
petennal appearance, hut tavt
your money - and bring ynu a
reasonable profit.
Corn* In -.tut lit ft a, Inok maet
wur bMullfulMlrwllou.  Kvwjr
•oft, iu* •nd wtlght m mlt all
pocktta
RAWORTH BROS.
MWILIMMWmwUM
NviMu tbe Hull Oflh**-
6MNM00K, I. G.
This is a most Important matter and' in 1911,    And hard tlmt
one which should Interest every mem-  stltuted for prosperity.
her. as well as tlie general public, and
It Is hoped thnt all members as well as
any person Interested wlll make It a 1
point to attend.
for Latirtei
were sub-
Grant repairs harness. Phone 166.—
Craubrook Exchange. 2G-3t
Bring your repairs to Green's Repair Shop, opposite Masonic Hall.     '
T. T. McVittie was over from Fort
Steele last Saturday spending the day
lu town.
Raxawa tea, 35c,, 50c. and 60c. per
pound at Ward & Harris.
Mrs. Geo. Hoggarth left on Monday
for Kaslo, where she wlll spend a
week visiting friends.
Judge (!. 11. Thompson und family
are returning today from a several
weeks visit at Proctor.
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Christie spent
last week-end sight-seeing ln the
Skookumchuck country.
Jack Haslam, of the Beattie-Murphy Co., returned the first of the week
from Calgary, where he underwent
treatment for his eyes.
Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Cranston and
little daughter left last Monday for
Winnipeg, where they will spend several weeks of tliir summer vacation.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Methidlst church Ladles Aid Society
will be held at the home of Mrs. (J.
B. Powell, Garden avenue, on Wednesday afternoon, August 5th, at 3
p.m.
Rev. 0. E. Kendall and daughter
Ruth have returned to tbe city after
uu enjoyable vacation In Vancouver.
Mr. Kendall was in attendance at
lie meeting of the British Columbia
Baptist convention.
Bring your repairs to Green's Repair Shop, opposite Masonic Hall.     *
Mrs. M. E. Collins and children are
leaving In a few days for Reglna,
where they will visit friends until Mr.
Collins ls settled at Lethbridge. to
which point he has been transferred
by thc C.P.R.
J. S. Mennle suffered a slight attack
of sunstroke last Monday while working on his homestead a few miles
north of thu city. He was brought to
town and Is now getting along nicely
after being laid up for u couple of
days.
Mrs. M. A. Ueale and children are
expected home today from Victoria,
where they hnve been visiting for the
past few weeks. Her mother, Mrs. J.
F, Armstrong, ls reported to be much
Improved In health, which will be
welcome news to all her many old
Cranbrook friends.
Fancy apricots, cherries nnd raspberries; leave your orders for pre-
servlny nt Ward & Harris.
Mr. A. C. Ilarshaw, superintendent
of the Canadian Pacific railway, left
las( week for Toronto to join Mrs.
Ilarshaw, who has been sick for
some time In a Toronto hospital. She
went east to spend the summer vacation, visiting friends and had only
arrived In Toronto when she was
taken suddenly lit.
Grant repairs harness. Phone IM.—
('ranbrook Exchange. 25-St
For thirty days only Roale & Elwell
are offering thc biggest snap ln real
estate In the history of Cranbrook. A
five-roomed cottage (five minutes
walk from post ofllce) newly decorated throughout; Water and electric
light; price (for 30 days only) $900.00.
Terms, $25.00 cash, and $25.00 per
month, Interest 8%. For further particulars apply to Beale ft Elwell.
Mr. H. Big Is opening his old stand,
The Home Gafe, nt the corner of Van
Home street and Clark street on
or about August 1st, but will not be
tn position to receive all comers for
about two weeks, when he will be
only to glad to receive all his old
and also new friends as well. He
Intends to remodel the plaee so he can
serve the best meals In town from 25c.
up.
A time comes In most men's lives
when the bell rings, for prayer and
unhappy are tliey who, when it does,
have nowhere to carry their heart's
supplication.—A. Birrell.
The many friends of Arthur rO. j
G. Shatford will learn with deep reg*
ret of his being unsuccessful In his
recent hunting expedition, but he can,
however, be credited with having shot
three |,'npliers. He left on Tuesday
afternoon for the prairie provinces to
enquire Into the present state of the
lumbering business and also to ascertain the reason of the subsidence
of the excitement which prevailed a
short time ago In connection with the
oil boom.
Hev. W. E. Dunham Lit.*- received i
number of special Boy Seoul Kulfi
.sharpeners from the provincial Forestry service for distribution among tin
Cranbrook Boy Stout*-.
R. P. Moffatt ami Huts. McCowan
sptnt last Sunday on st Mary's lake
enjoying a day's fishinc (in their re-
furu thoy wen* stopped by lire trouble
and discovered a bunch oi lev.-, lying
! In the road with a Cranhrook Acrlcul-
! tural association key ring attached.
They delivered the keys on their return to Mr. E. II. McPhee, acting secretary, aud he reston-tl them io their
owner. Ur. J. W. Rutledge.
Full line of fresh fruits and vegetables at Ward & Harris.
At a meeting of thc stockholders of
the new Incorporation of Ira R. Man*
nlng, Ltd., held last Monday evening
the formation of the new concern was
perfected and the grocery business of
Ira R. Manning was taken over on
Tuesday morning. The officers of the
new concern arc lra Tt. Manning, president and managing director: s. L
Coop, sccretnry-treiisnrer. The b'isl*
ness ls capitalized at $40,000 which
is divided Into 400 shares of M0"
each. Mr. Manning decided to form
the stock company In order to place
his business on a good firm financial
footing-
Evelyn Barr, thc three-year-old
daughter of H. W. Barr, of Wasa, died
at the Cattage Hospital last Saturday within three hours after Bhc arrived, hnvlng been hurried In after
being accidentally burned while at
the farm about twenty-five miles from
Cranbrook. When she arrived at the
hospital and the doctor was summoned lt was found that she was very
seriously burned. The accident Is
supposed to have heen caused from
playing with matches. Funeral services were held at the Barr residence
at Wasa on the Sabbath morning and
were conducted by Mr. J. A. Walker,
M.A., of Fort Steele. Mr. Barr has
the sympathy of a large circle of
Cranbrook friends, who sincerely
sympathize with him In his sad loss.
R. E. Beattie has returned from an
automobile trip to the Windermere.
He reports progress on the Windermere-Banff wagon road as very slow
and says that thc whole district would
benefit greatly by the completion of
this road. At the present rate of progress tt will take several years to
complete the road and it should be
urged on boards of trade of the district and through them the government should be appraised of the im*
portance of the completion of this
great scenic highway which will open
the whole of East Kootenay to the
tourist from the prairie and will attract homeseekers into the district.
The Canadian Pacific railway have
signified their wllllngnes to assist In
the construction of this road and with
very little additional help the road
could soon be completed.
WANT IDS.
2c. per word for first week, aad lc. per
word for each week after
FOR   SALK- Several   young   canary
birds.   Anply McDermot's store. 31
AGRNTft WANTED to sail aw Fntft
tree stock. Apply Royal Nurseries,
Ltd., 207 Hastings St. W„ Vancouver, B.C. «-tt
FOR SALE-Two black robes, ladles
riding saddle, habit and bridle with
Ivory rfngs; everything almost new.
Anply 1!40 Hanson avenue.        32-1*
PBBMMAUNG AND LAMBS TAIL.
orlng I-adles suits cleaned and
prened; Chicago experience—-
Mise Baker, near Uask'a-store. 13tf
FOR HAI.K- learltaf fceas, tettoMd,
12**fcc. per lb. alive fob. Moyle;
freight paid on five or over. 18c. per
Tb. dressed f.o.b. Moyle.—W. C. Blle-
tleld, Moyle, B.C. IMt*
FOK   KI.Yr.--A   confortahlr   three*
roomed cottage, nicely situated;
water, wood shed, etc.; furnished or
unfurnished. Apply Mrs. Rondeau,
32 Clark avenue. 31-2t*
RANCH FOB BENT-CeaforttHe
house, stable for sli horses, about
ten acres broken; food grating
land, plenty wood and water. Apply Herald offlce.
FOR SALK-Ico cream pfcrler} food
location for lunch counter; In the
best part of the city. Apply or
write P. O. Box 891, Femle, B.C.
Good reason for selling. 26*>4t
While   here   tailif  tbo   Methodist
ptpe organ, I will tune, clean, regulate and otherwise correct your
piano or player piano; the latter
which operates like a pipe organ for
the sum of $3.00; references. Address or phone this offlce.       31-1
Large tract of food faming land mow
open for free settlement In Oregon*
Over 800,000 acres In all. Good climate, rich soil, and does not require Irrigation to raise finest crops
of grain, fruit and garden track.
For large snap, full instructions and
Information, and a plat of several
■n-tlons of exceptionally good
claims, send 83.4(1 to John Keefe,
Oregon City, Oregon. Three years
a U. S. surveyor aud tlmberuan. An
opportunity to get a good fertile
free homestead near town and market IMt
nrix given
(Special   correspondence),
A large party from here, unions'
whom were Mr. and Mrs. McTavish
and Mrs. Benedict, took in the dunce
held at Wardner tliis evening, Tliey
report au excellent dance, whicli
everyone enjoyed Immensely.
Mr. E. Homo returned on thc 20th
from a trip to Montreal and Winnipeg,
Mr. Home reports tho crops in mosl
places nn the prairie ns looking very
poor.
Saturday evening a number of young
men of this eity were interested spectators of a rather novel entertainment.
They were standing on tlie footbridge,
when loud voices on an Island a
short distance from here attracted
their attention. It appears that two
young fellows went out cntcblng some
fish, and had crossed a corner of Mr.
Wm. Schad's property, and hnd forded
the river to the Island, Judging from
Mr. Schad's rather strong language
■Hid the violent manner with which lie
shook his fist In tlieir faces. It would
appear that he lins objections to their
crossing his property, which lies
along the river. What will ultimately come of the situation is not. at the
time of writing, known.
been millions of acres of land brought
I under cultivation by the scientific np-
I plication of water, and the problems
that confront the Irrigation 1st are
rapidly being solved by the information disseminated at the annual conventions for the discussion of matters that affect the settlers. These
questions are vital to the prosperity
of the country.
Governments of the  United States
and Canada, as well as a number of
foreign countries where irrigation is
well   developed, aj;e  giving  of their
best   and   most  experienced  men  to
this convention in Canada this year,
, thus backing up and aiding the noble
' work   which   this   organization   has
undertaken.   These men will give of
their   valuable   experience   to   those
who  art*  actually  and  dally  experl-
in mtlng with the problem of Irrigation In the reclamation of Idle lands,
, uiul   thus  assist   to  accomplish   the
alms umi objects of tlie organization
: as expressed iii the motto "make easy
the path of the home-builder."
Irrigation Is one of the chief works
of an advanced civilization. The
population of the world Is advancing
more rapidly than the production of
foodstuffs, and the work of the Ir*
; rlgatlon Cougrcsa is a distinct effort
io perform Its share In the development of this civilization.
THE PROSE POET
 OF THE PASS
Yon will have to hand tbe bacon to
Editor Pedlar, of the Ferule Free
Press, as the champion word-peddler
of the Crow. Not only does the quill
pusher on the Press delve with delight Into the choicest of tin- Queen's
English, crystalline, rich anil pure,
hut he frequently lapses into racy
?xpressions of the latest slang coined
undoubtedly from a deep study of
Coney Island celebrities and spo,-.
writers and withal through most of
bis musings run riot a lilt of poetry.
pleasing idylls tbat drape and frame
the common pint*e into Interesting tidbits, little quirks nnd turns of bis pen
that are veritable word-pictures. The
following clipped from last week's
Issue of the Free Press are only ordinary samples of the unusual ver
sltlllty of this writer.
Saturday, one week from tomorrow,
will be the sixth anniversary of the
fire that destroyed our meerschaum
pipe and also tbe city of Fernie. At,
about the same time a number of men \
were Imprisoned lu one of the mines j
at Coal Creek and made a miraculous
escape. Incidentally we recall that it
was the time of the Tercentenary cele-1
bratlon at Quebec.   Tempos fudge!
As the summer advances and  we I
delve deeper and deeper Into natural j
history,   we ■ note   tbat   the   gopher, j
whose brown coat against tin* green
grass made a  splendid  target   for »
22 calibre rifle in the spring, when he
had a family to support, ls now almost invisible In the scorched vegetation, when his demise would bring
few tears to the eyes of the gopher I
tne colony.
Why ls It thnt the mnu wbo goes j
many miles from home to catch fish
frequently returns with nothing more j
burdensome than n blistered heel,
while the man who slips down to tin- j
bridge In the evening lias fish to pre- j
sent to his friends?
Joe Slkora, manager of tin* Grand
theatre, sustained painful Injuries to
bis feet when he was pitched from
the pullman seat of a motorcycle,
While on his wny to (ranbrook with:
a friend on Tuesday. Ho had repairs
effected at Cranbrook hospital and
was able to return hoto on tie* train |
He Is able to he around but is very
lender on his pins.
IDLE LAM) AN
EXTRAVAGANT LUXURY
International Irrigation t'ongress Will
Meet In Calgary. October .lib
to 9th
Calgary, Alta., July 28.--"Idle land
is an extravagant luxury in arjy coun-1
try where the tax collecting imu-hln-
ery works as well ns It does tn the
provinces of Western Canada or tbe.
Pacific Tcoast 'states   of   tho   United
StateH   of  America,"   said   John   T.
Hlnkle, secretary of the Oregon  Ir- ]
rlgatlon  Congress,  at  the  inst con-
ventlon of the Western Canada Irrl-'
gallon association.
To bring every possible aero of Idle
and apparently useless laml under
thn plough ls the aim and object of the
International Irrigation Congress,
which this year will hold Its convention In Calgary, October (Hli to 0th.
During tbe past few yearn there have i
lnnilMON EXHIBITION
Contracts have been closed by Mr.
Qeorge gangster, secretary of the
11. c. Agricultural association for a
number of special attractions for the
approaching Dominion exhibition,
which will be of exceptional merit.
one of the features is a carefully selected corps of tlie Hoyal North West
Mounted Police, which is coming to
VIetoriu, having been given permission to make the trip by Sir Robert
Hoi-lion, for the purpose of giving a
dtiiblay of horsemanship. They have
appeared at different shows in the
.With wesl, and their performance
una created something of a sensation.
I'lioro Is no doubt in tlu* opinion ot
Die management of tlu; Canadian national show tbat In this entertainment visitors to the exhibition will
■ieo some thing which is rarely offered.
Arrangements have been made with
the proprietor of one of the local
moving picture establishments for a
Jiuplay of ti unique character.   It wlll
akd  the  form of a cowboy's  relay
■uoo, rough riding for thc British Co-
iimbtuii championship, an old timers' race, and a wild horse competition. There will be other events Including such novelties as fancy rop-
ng und riding. This program will
not be confined to oue duy, It being
tin; intention to spread It over almost
tho entire week of the show, which ls
to be held September 21st to 26th.
While tlie rough riders are busy, the
cinematograph operator also will be
active. The comprehensive eye of his
machine will record all Incidents in
iiTiiiectiou wltli the various competitions. These will be shown at the
Victoric theatres and later forwarded throughout Cnnada.
There wlll be no lack of music. The
chief feature of thc attractions tn this
tine will be the appearance on the
Pacilic coast for tlie first time of the
lumoiiH 91st Highlanders' band of
Hamilton, Ontario. It has come as far
west as the prairies, but never has
visited British Columbia heretofore.
The Highlanders have established a
splendid reputation for themselves as
i musical organization, some of the
best known critics having pronounced
them the finest musical body of Canada. In their performance at the
forthcoming show, they wlll be assisted by a number of local bands, as
well us some of those from the main-
and. It has been proposed that a
mussed bund contest should be held on
one of the evening of the fair. While
no definite arrangements have been
made, there Is no doubt that some
such feature will be Introduced.
As for the Dominion exhibition
proper, lt may be said that the prospects could not be brighter. A large
new building has been completed and
additions have been made to the majority of the other structures on the
ground. Lawns have been sown and
other necessary Improvements carried
out. From the enquiries which have
been received already from the local
offices, there can be no question that
the entries will be record breaking in
numbers, The only trouble that may
arise Is with regard to finding suitable
accommodation for all applicants. The
fruit growers are taking a pronoun-
e.-il Interest In tbe show, and the secretary expects that the display wlll
be a complete and creditable Index Into the fruit growing possibilities of the
province. The district exhibits, which
will Include contributions from practically every agricultural section of
British Columbia, alone will be worth
going a long way to see.
Special attention Is being paid to
the provision of space for an excep.
tlonally large entry of stock. When
Secretary Sangster was tn Calgary re- j
eently. lie Interviewed the majority of
Reductions Worth While
• It will pay you to visit this store to secure
some of the special bargains that we are now
offering. In almost every line we are clearing
up and the last of the summer goods are going at very small prices.
Millinery at Half-Price
Any trimmed hat in stock witt be s*.! 1 at one-half prj
Ladies' Slippers $1.50
Odd lilies nl Slipperi. worth S:i.0M lo S"'''''■ are sel
at tliis very low price.   Wu have all sizes
Sale of Muslins and Crepes
Wa have reduced peveral pieces of wash (goods aud rtlsn
short KUtia of wash goode suitable fur blouses tic It will
be worth your time to st* these,
McCreery Bros.
Cranbrook's Dry Goods and Clothing Stores
A Good Home
is what is dear lo every man. A home
Ib where Peace, Comfort. Contentment
and Plenty is found. Thai is the reason
men throughout British Columbia, when
■TranlircMik" is mentioned think of the
provisions Jos. Brault has made for an
ideal home at the
Canadian Hotel
thoHe engaged In the .-tuck raising in-
tlustry, and found that almost all are
planning to take In tlie Dominion
-'low. It goes without saying that
they will bring large .strings of the
very best that their stables hold.
British Columbians In the same line
also are coming In large numbers, this
being apparent from the number of
applications for detailed information
which have been received.
Therefore, it Is <.unnidered certain |
tliat the Dominion exhibition will be
marked by the finest collection of
stock In point both of numbers and of
quality which has ever been assembled
oa Vancouver Island.
CARD OF THAXKS
Mrs. John H. Stannett wishes to
very sincerely thank all her friends
who by their many acts of kindness
and sympathy and gifts of beautiful
flowers did ro much to help and comfort her during her recent sad bereavement.
CHURCH COLUMK.
BAPTIST CHIHfH
Rev. O. K. Kendall, Pastor.
.Services, 11.00 a.m. and 7,80 p.m.
Sunday school, 3 p.m.
Kev. Dr. Spencer, of Vancouver,
will address the congregation in the
Baptist church morning and evening;
also S.S. on Sunday, August 2nd.
1014.
Dr. Spencer Is a man of wide reputation and event ne will bs glil
to hear him.
fAHUHl    OIL   KII-LDS
IKKF  MARKET LKTTFK
Commercial Quantities o! nigh
grade oil in a proven field and
tremendous deretopmt nt now
under way. makes Calgary tlu*
next great fortun*1 making center. Banker* and business men
from all Quarter* ot the world
are sending capital here, to
take advantage »f tbe wonderful opportunities.
We are not promoters tied to
one proposition, and blinded by
prejudice, but ar* free and independent to recommend or condemn the various stocks, according to our b*-*u judgment.
BecaoA of our lar^e exper-
ienc*. and thorough knowledge
of condition?, our recommendation.** are eagerly sought after.
The Oil Barons of today are
the early investor.*; in new oil
field-i. The opportunity is here
right now. during th*- development period, for both =mal! and
large Investors.
WRITE TODAY for map of tbe
district, and our market letter—
the authority on Calgary stocks
-BOTH FREE.
HABLAK A: n»M'A\Y
II i; It Al, l» BUILDING,
Calgary Alherta
XETHOMHT CHl'BCH
Pastor, Rev. W. B. Dunham.
Sunday services:  The   pastor
preach at 11 u.m. and 7.80 p.m.
Morning subject: "World I-ovr
Evening    subject.    "Wisdom
Folly."
The choir will r**iul<T an anthem at
each si-rvlce.
All are Invoted.
will
and
Safe and Sure
should bc your relief from indl-
uestion, biliousness, or constipation. Known to be reliable
nnd famous for their prompt
and  certain efficacy—are
Beecham's
Pills
Urn,, ismAAsst KiMm lalbWaU.
M4...r7»U...   UWw. SSmm,
Motor Cycle Snap
FOR SALE nt a mil bur-
gain Oni» Yule Twin iwo
speed machine with un
headlight and tank, extra
lire, with it goi*8 a side.
delivery car. All (our tires
are new arid machine in
lirst-class condition hav.
ina; been nied very little.
Taken in exchange for car.
Price of whole outfit $2<S.">
Hold wilh or without side
oar.    Writu
K. Henry a Co.
NELSON B.C.
Go to the
Canadian
Restaurant
Opposite   C.l'.it.   Station
Open  Night and   Dav for
Short Orders
Berrien the Beit
Food  the  llest
Rooms in
Connection
C. P. MM'
oi-khiiM    of    the    Melhodlit
(.'hurtli
Recolve*. PuiiIIk for
Organ.   Pianoforte.   Voice
Culture
Studio—MetlioillHt  Church
HATS
U.aut.'H and gontlemon'B hat.s. any
ntfle nr material, renovated, remodelled or reblocked.
t llest of work and satisfaction guaranteed.
MISS   SMITH
15 Fenwick Ave. Phone 201
Tiiere hnve been two noteworthy
advances' In Canada under (lie Ilorden
government. The tariff has heen
KTCUtly InoreaSOd and ho hus Die coHt
nf living PAGE FOUR
THB CBANBRO-K HERALD
THURSDAY, JULY 80th, 1914
LODGE ASD SOCIETY CARDS ■     PROFESSIONAL C'AKDS       t'OAS'l
\
DEFENCES jvlous that neither policy has accom-
AKE BADLY .NEEDED  pushed anything, because neither baa
j*             Cranbrook
Wi,;            Lodge
sssW&t          No' '"
*   A. F. a A. M.
im\       Regular meet
ings    ou    the
third Thursday of every mouth.
Vlsltlug brethren welcomed.
11.
Hickenbotham. W.M.
J.
1..   Cranston,   Sec.
Cranhrook Lodge
No. 1049
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m.
in Hoyal Illack
K n I g h is' II a I 1
Baker Slreet.
Wm. Mutthews. Dictator
Prank Carlson. Sec, Hox "fifi
Loyal Orange
Lodge
No.  1871
Meets tlrst and third
Thursdays at 8 p.m.
 I In     Royal     Black
Knights of Ireland Hall, Baker
Street.
R. S. Garrett, W.M.
W. 0. Dunstan, Ree. Sec.
I.O.O.F.
KEY CITY LODfiE. No. 12
Meets   every
Monday   nlglu
 at    Fraternity
Hall."  'Sojourning   Oddfellows
cordially invited.
J. II. Turnley,       W, M. Harris,
N.G.      See.
llt-HHAM ENCAMPMENT
NO. 12. I.O.O.F.
Meets first and third Wednesdays In each month.
A cordial Invitation extended
to visiting brothers.
R. W. Russell, Chief Patrlortli
H. White, Scribe
A.O.F. COMPANIONS OF
THE FOREST
Pride ol (ranbrook Circle, No.lM
Meets In Carmen's Hall 1st and
3rd   Wednesday   ot   each
month at t p.m. aharp.
Mrs. A. Laurie, CC.
Mra. A. Guthrie, Sec.
P. 0. Box 602
Visiting Companions ccrdlally
welcome.
KMUHTS   OF   PYTHIAS
Cranhrook. II.C.
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p.m. In
the Fraternity Hall
Q, Donahue, C. C.
F. M. Christian, K. of 11. & s.
V. 0. II01  522
Visiting brethren cordially Invited to attend.
MAPLE LEAF ItEUEKAII
LODGE. NO. 19
Meets every second and fourth
Wednesday at Fraternity  Hall
Sojourning [tebekahs cordially invited.
Sis. Ida Baxter, N.G.
Sis. Ada Hickenbotham, Ree. Sec
ANCIENT     ORDER    OF
FORESTERS
Court Cranbrook. 8943
Meets In Maple Hall second
and fourth Thursdays of each
month at 8 p.m. sharp.
J. Bird, Cll.
I,. Pearron. Sec, Box ms
Visiting brethren made welcome
OVERSEAS CLUB
Meets in Maple Hall second
and fourth Tuesday of every
month at 8 p.m.
Membership open  to  British
citizens.
E, Y. Ilrake, J. F. Lower,
President Secretary
Visiting members cordially
welcomed.
WOMEN'S  INSTITUTE
Meets In the Carmen's Hall
first Tuesday afternoon of every
month at 8 p.m. and the fancy
work class meets on third Fri-
day evening In thu same plaee at
8 pm.
Mrs. K. II. Leaman. Pres.
Mrs. J.  Shaw, Sec.-Treas
P. O. Box 442
All ladles cordially Invited.
TIIE CRANBROOK
POl'LTRY AND PET
STOCK ASSOCIATION
President:  A. B.  Smith
Meets regularly thc first Friday
evening each month
Information on poultry matters
supplied
Address the Secretary
W. W. McGregor,
P. O. Drawer 499
CRANHROOK FARMERS'
INSTITUTE
President- A, B. Smith
Secretary—Alb, II. Webb
For    Information    regarding
lands and agriculture apply to
the Secretary, Cranbrook, B.C.
Meeting—The third Thursday
of each montll, at old Uyui, at 8
p.m.
W. K.GURD
Barrister,   Solicitor,    Etc
■:.wi Richards hi
VANCOUVER, If. c.
THOMAS   T.   MECREDV
(Successor tn \V. V. Ourd)
Barrister,   Solicitor   nnd
Notary
P. 0. Hox 859
CRANBROOK,   II.  C.
HARVEY, JIcCARTER
MACDONALD
AMI NISIIKT
Barristers) Solicitors und
Notaries
Slonoy 10 Loan
Imperial   Hank   llullilinu.
CRANBROOK, B.C,
nits. KIM; & «;it 1:1:>
Physicians nml Surgeons
OlBco at residence, Armstrong
Avonue
OFFICE HOURS
Forenoons   D.UO to moo
Afternoons  2.00 to lull
Evenings    7.30 to 8.30
Sundays    2.30 to 4,80
Crnnbrooli,   B.C
lilt. F.
II. Ml 1,1
S
Di
nt 1st
Ollice In
lanson  11
oik
OFFII
0 lo
IS HOURS
12   11 Til.
1    t"
0 p.m.
7 to
s p.m.
CRANBUOOK, III
,1. (i. CUMMINGS
Irrigation Kngineer
lioiuhifiin uiul Provincial Land
Surveyor
P. 11   Box 218,    Telephone 143
CRANBROOK,   B.C.
IV. II. IIKAITY
funeral   Director
ic 11411 P. 11. llox 586
FRANK  PROVENZANO
General Merchant
Km|ilA*metits Agents
P. O. Box  10S Phone 244
CRANBROOK, lie.
CHAS. S. PARKER
Forwarding   ami    Distributing
Agent for
l.cthlirlilL-c  Cnnl
Xl-ltr 1'i.c.ilcr
Imperial oil Co.
llrajina anil Transferring
Given prompt attention
*      S'I'A It      *
CLEANING IVOKKS
Goods called lor ami delivered,
GOOD WORK ONLV
I'l It   Service
P.   II    llox   7112
Works:  Armstrong Ave.
Headquarters for nil  kinds of
Repairs
Satisfaction Guaranteed
JOE  MARAPODI
The Shoe Specialist
Shorthand.    Slenoirrn])
Bookkeeping
at
King Edward's Sclion
Crnnbrook, B.C.
per
Commercial course	
High ScllOOl eour.le	
School course	
Kindergarten  	
Private h ssons 	
HoadmlBtross:
Miss V. Id. Chorrlngloi
Phono 2110
hy.
1
vnoli
. 1 UD
8.B0
2.511
1.86
I.iiii
CRANBROOK   COTTAGE
HOSPITAL
Miileinil
v 11ml General
Gni'ilcn Avo.
Nursing
Tel
HIS nu  A|l|lllca
ion
MRS.
Phone L
A. SALMON, .1
50             P, 1).
a troll
Box 846
LAIDLAW &
DEWOLF
Clill anil .llhiiui
Kitglncors
II. 1. Laml S
irveyors
CRANBROO
;. B.C.
F. 31
MACPHERSON
Ind
■rlaker
Day PI10
ie s:,
: Night I
hone
ir,
Norbury
Ave.,
nexl to 1
Ity IL
ill
	
thi:
HOME
BAKERY
Until. Frame, Prop.
Fresh
Brcinl.
Cukes,
Pies
nml Pastry
I'llon
• S7
Norhuri
Ave.
Opp. Clt)
Hull
What would happen to Vancouver
hi case of Invasion?
Gurtflt Singh and Ids horde of unwashed Hindus have depurted with
the Komagatu Muru, leaving but an
unpleasant memory, yet their visit
awakens a feeling of disquiet among
the people of Vancouver, What would
havo   happened   Imd   the   Komagata
Mam heen accompanied by a warship
more powerful than thc Rainbow?
What could Vancouver do if a foreign
power attempted to laud as many soldiers as they wished? Vancouver
could do nothing.
While the question of Invasion ls
indeed remote, the fait remains that
Vaucouver Is absolutely defenceless.
H.M.S.C, Rainbow, the subject of
many jibes, was tho direct cause of
the departure of tlie Hindus. The
sturdy little cruiser was needed uud
needed badly. Unfortunately, the
Italniinw would he helpless before any
modern, (Irst-clasa lighting vessel.
A (leet of Rainbows would bc almost
as futile.
Vancouver Is tlie center of population in Hritish Columbia, it is the
largest, wealthiest and most Import-
nut city iu thc provtnoe. This is not
a boast, but n mere statement of fact.
Vet Vancouver, with its magnificent
harbor, could be destroyed ln u few
hours by an Invading fleet. The destruction would be so easy and unaccompanied by any danger that the
city might as well thow up its hands
nt tlie first shot. Naturally Vancouver would he tlu; Ideal point of attack.
its strategic position would make it
necessary as a base of supplies.
Tiiere is nothing to provent the capture of Vancouver but the cruiser
Rainbow. Before an Knglish tleet
could reach these waters the enemy
would he so firmly entrenched that ll
would he Impossible to dislodge them.
The beautiful city of Vancouver
1 would lie 11 smoking ruin and thc
1 people driven from their homes at the
will of the Invader.
It is absolutely Imperative thai
toast defences be erected at Vancou-
; ver. Without these the city Is at the
mercy of nny who choose to take it
' Whether or not uu Invader could go
l much further than Vancouver is be-
; vond the question. The safety of thc
i city itself Is involved solely. The des-
j true tion of Vancouver would throw
1 tlie entire province into chaos. With
\ the financial and business center gone
! British Columbia would be temporar-
I Hy lost. It is doubtful If Canada
could he invaded successfully. Even
with tlie entire coast In the hands of
the enemy, tlio Dominion would still
ac able to muster au army to do
battle on land. Tills, however, doe*
not help Vancouver.
The establishment of coast defe'icc*
\ nt   Point   Atkinson   or   Point   Grey
would   he   expensive,  no  doubt.    If
Canada can afford to erect drill halls
throughout the country at any town
large enough to support a post oC'c
and two general stores, surely it can
afford   to   make  Vancouver  impreg-
j liable.   Military experts have made re-
! ports as to the advisability and pos*
i siblllty of fortifying Vancouver. Tiiey
: all agree that It could be done nt a
: minimum expense, owing to thc na-
j tural advantages to be found. In spite
j of tluit, no move has been made to
! carry on the most important military
I work that could be devised,   lt ls our
i duty as Canadians to demand thnt tills
j lie done uud at once.
1    Proper coast defences would pre-
\ vent the landing of a hostile force at
' any point within twenty miles of Van-
; couver.   Tills would ensure the safety
j of this city  nnd  New  Westminster,
J making It impossible for attack elth-
, er  through    Burrard Inlet or     thc
1 Fraser River.    A hostile licet would
then be forced to choose a spot twen-
ly,miles from a railway, making their
J task a hundred times more difficult.
j Prince Rupert, too, should be offered
; protection now that It hus become a
I railway terminal,   Canada cannot af-
| ford to remain helpless,
;    The question Is not one of politics,
tint of policy.   Government and opposition alike should rejoice in making
Uie   Dominion   more   powerful.    Nor
should It be left to the Imperial government   to   decide.    Canada   should
, build   these   coast   defences   herself,
without    delay.     There   have   been
i enough delays,    sir Wilfrid Laurier
' iitivinn t'd a  naval  policy some year*-*
ago tliat resulted In the purchase of
1 the RatnbOW and the Nlobe.   The Canadian  navy  was dragged Into poll-
tics and became a national Joke. Immediately  tlie   policy  of creating  u
Canadian  navy  was dropped.    Then
came Kir Robert Borden's policy of
contributing $.1.1,000,000 for thc construction  of  three  dreadnoughts,  to
remain  the  property of Oreat Britain.   This was defeated by the Canadian  senate?    What   ls   the   result?
Canada has no navy save the Italn-
' how.
Without discussing the values of
the naval policies, nnd they both have
' their good and bud points, it ls ob-
been brought Into effect. As far as
results go, the Rainbow, by frightening thc Hindus out of the harbor, vindicates to some extent the policy of
having Canadian war vesels on thc
Pacific coast. Apparently it is useless for the government to pursue Its
most recent policy. It ts certain,
however, that both Liberals and Conservatives would gladly support .a
measure to provide suitable coast defence on the Pacific. They could not
do otherwise and bc true Canadians.
Stress must be laid upon the fact
that there is no Immediate danger of
uu invasion. This is no attempt at
Jingoism, to give birth to a new war
scare. Nor is It necessary to quote
thc million trite phrases which relate the advantages of being prepared. Thc fuct ls tliis: Vancouver Is
defenceless. What Is tho country
going to do about it? -Suturduj Sunset.
Butter & Cream
Deliveries Made Promptly When
You Order
Phone
McPhee's Ranch
DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS «;.;
K'tiiitiiiK I'HI (ur Wuiiitt),  j*> it box ortlireetor
(in    Solff Bt Hli I'tuK Store*,, or nulled tunny
Bddrouuiirciiolptuf price.  Tiu scohkli. imcu
Cn ,Htt'.itlinriiu>H, Ontario, 	
PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN. IfM
Vitality} for  NiTvt* undllmin; Juereanus "Kray
mutter1 n Toiilr-- -will Imilltt you up, tt n box,or
1 Un !i,r I'., Ml ilruir Mumi, or )<y mm I *>ti rnrufpt
of i-rlic    in ii Huotiu.l. Imitu Co., St. Ottiurlncc,
Ontario.
I    llcuttie-Murphy Co., Ltd., Agouti.
THK FKOIiLEM
OK NATIONALITY
Half thc world exists for the sake of
supplying 1 Doplo lo the other halt
North America, Including Canada, Is
thc greatest area In the world for human transplantation from other countries that have any degree of civilization. The United States set the pace
in this peculiarly American process of
assimilating races and languages Into
a more or less homogenous people.
The process Is still going on, and
looks as though it might last out the
century, from the miner to the man
who signs checks ln live figures, produces a national character as distinct as Kngland, Germany or Franco.
In the process of building a new nation out of several old ones, Canada
follows along fifty years behind the
United States. Thc attitude of this
country toward this problem Is an in-
.erestlng subject for discussion. Shall
thc Ruthcnian and his log shack bc
issfmllated and the Hindu with his
curban be kept out? What limit shall
be placid on Oriental ond what encouragement shall be given to the
igricultural workers from Europe?
What system of assimilation can be
idopted that will make real Canadians of people who speak a score of
anguages and are steeped In foreign
customs?
Britton B. Cooke, writing in the Ca-
ladian Courier, has answered a few of
.he questions of what has become of
tome of the million men who have
been lost to Canada In the past ten
/ears.   His article follows:
Kor centuries historical scholars
nave been puzzled over what happened to be ten lost tribes of Isroel. There
.vere originally twelve, each derived
from a son of Jacob. Only two remained in thc records of history. A
Canadian preacher of considerable
ante some years ago used to contend
.hat the Anglo-Saxon people were the
:en lost t.ibes. Nobody believed him.
It doesn't very largely matter in present-day economics.
But it docs matter, vitally and permanently to this country, as to what
lias become ot a million people which
Canada should have today and has not
got; the million who came but went
away somewhere; the more than one-
tenth ot our population that we lost
somewhere between 1901 and 1911 after going to the expense of grting
them here, just us wc lost a million
native-born in the decades before
1901-1911. because we hadn't work and
visible wealth enough in the country
to keep them here after we had produced them.
Kvery Immigrant costs the Canadian
government something like fl.23 to
procure. It Is mere trifle. If, after
lie reaches Canada, ho settles down to
i permanent aud useful citizenship the
sum Is not worth counting except as
an excellent Investment; he brings to
tho country many times his cost. But
if, after having been attracted here,
he docs not remain, goes to some other country or returns to the laud from
which he came, then Canada not only
loses what it cost to coax him here,
but also, whatever he takes away with
him, which should be, If our belief ln
Canada Is soundly bused, much more
than he brought. In 1901 the Dominion held 5,871,315 people. Thc rate of
natural Increase, after allowing for
deaths, was 1.^7 per cunt per annum,
or In ten years 10.79 per cent. The
Immigration between 1901 and 1911, Inclusive, amounted to 3,621,144. Thus,
adding to the population In 1901, this
immigration, and the half million due
to natural Increases on the original
population lu 1901, Canada should, In
1911, have had a population of 8,392.-
459. Instead of which the census reported only 7,200,648. Somewhere,
somehow, In addition to the toll of
death, Canada lost over a million
people!
We sometimes point to the Incoming
ship-loads of Immigrants as though
they were so much net gain to the
country. Public speakers hold up
both hands to proclaim the benefits
of this great in-sweeping tide. They
enlarge upon what It means to the
business of the country; how the Immigrant brings with him contributions
to the nation's money resources, and
other forms of wealth; how he affects
the balance of trade, the price of
labor, the productivenes of the country and the value of corner lots. We
have fallen into the habit of regarding
each ship-load, arriving at Quebec or
St. John or Halifax, as net gain, as
though mere admission to the country
was equivalent to Incorporating the
stranger into the fnbric of the community. Apparently this Is not so.
One million men and women were lost
to Canada In ten years through other
than natural channels.
Where did they jo?  In the etatliti-
cal record of the United States It Is
written that ln 1912, 55,990 Canadians
took up residence In the United States,
Yet our immigration records claim a
gain from the United States of 133,-
710. In 1913 the United States took
from us 73,802, while we prided ourselves on capturing 139,009—-as though
our gain was a net gain. In other
words, against our so-called gain
were losses in ona yeur equal to the
population of Kdmonton (iu 1911), and
in the next year another loss, equal to
the population of Medicine Hat. Tills
has not been all. Kvery outward-
bound vessel from the St. Lawrence
to Kiirope, aud many American vessels as well, carried one, or two, or a
dozen, or fifty souls leaving Canadian
homes for homes on the other side of
thc seu, there to spend the competence
they hud acquired In Canada, or tell
of their failure Although between
1901 and 1911 Canada drew from the
British Isles 973,840 immigrants, the
British Isles drew from her over-seas
|K)Ssesslons 1,422,571 emigrants, of
whom not less than half came from
Canada. While wc havo pointed at
the in-rolling tide we have overlooked
the under-tow.
You have been making this mistake," said an Knglish observer. "Yuu
have to a large extent overlooked the
fact thut an immigration policy must
have two departments. You must not
only attract people to your country
and make rough und ready calculation as to where they wilt lit Into your
arrangements, but you must see that
they are fitted In. While the body
must, of course, have food procured
for lt by Its arms, It Is of paramount
in porta nee that lt should digest that
food and assimilate its properties. You
have been having a slight touch of
immigratioiittl indigestion—that Is
what I should call it. Tho people who
have returned from Canada to their
original homes, or who have wandered
to the United States or to the Australasian colonics, have not been assimilated, aud the fact that they have
not advertises Itself, lt docs you no
credit."
"No one knows that better than we
do," retorted a Dominion government
immigration ofliclul, to whom the remark was addressed. "But no one is
more helpless than we are. We can
promote Immigration by lectures and
hy other advertising means. We can
give information and can encourage
or discourage various classes of Immigrant according to the needs of the
Dominion, as wc know well. But when
the immigrant of the right class has
been brought to Canada, then It ls
chiefly up to the provinces to sec that
he stays there and makes a good citizen. We may even give him free land
and books of advice piled as high as
your head, but the provinces must
bring other Influences to bear to hold
him ln place and to Cunndiantze tlie
of Canadian population by iinmlgru-
man."
The three chief reasons for tlie loss
to the country, nnd Canada as a nation, as shown by Investigation, nre:
First, disappointment on thc part of
the Immigrant. He falls to Dud the
work or thc fortune which he had expected to find and quits the country In
disgust. There arc not so many of
this type since the government took
steps to restrict thc immigration of
mechanics and- artisans, for whom
there wns not a large demand. The
majority of those who now leave because of disappointment or discontent
are of an Inferior type, usually lacking
In thc qualities which lead toward
success. The second cause of Canadian immigration is sudden wealth, or
comparative wealth; the laborer from
the south of Kuropc or northern Kiirope often accumulates what is to htm
a small fortune In a few years of work
on Canadian railways or other public
works. Instead of remaining In Canada to spend lt he goes "home," where
he may make a show before his
friends and where the cost of living Is
not so high. This accounts for the return of Bulgarians, Italians, and others Of the type of railroad navies.
The third cuuse Is the most serious.
It Is, as an Immigration expert called
it, the "wandering disease." and It Is
this "ailment" which has to be dealt
with by those who seek to make Canadian immigration effective.
Jones has lived for thirty years in
Manchester and'has a wife and children. He Is fairly well content. Used
to a very simple nnd pinched sort ot
existence. Never dreaming of earning
more than thirty shillings a week at
his trade, To Jones comes tho opportunity to go to Canada. At first his
conservative type of mind refuses to
entertain the Idea of Canada. It Is
something foreign to .him. His nature
shrinks from change of any kind. He
likes, the things Im knows, He Is "no
blooming adventurer."
Ho goes, dually. HO decides to
work on a farm so as to learn farming
methods, then send home for his
"missus" and bring her out to a sort
of paradise where they will raise vegetables and cattle, milk and chickens—
ad Infinitum. The departure is heartbreaking, but once lt is over life takes
on a sudden new Interest to Jones. He
finds that he likes adventure. It
stirs some last remnant of Viking
blood ln his veins to be on board a
ship, sailing into an empty horizon.
He makes friends as he never had
made,'them before. He has cast off
his moorings. He ts cruising ad lib,
You have to put yourself ln Jones's
place to appreciate this feeling. Tt ts
a positive sensation to Jones.
Now If, on this side of tho water,
Jones Is quickly given a place to
work and sleep, and a. setting of faces
which fn time will become friendly, he
Ih in little danger from tho wandering
disease. But It his first attempt at
work Is a failure, and bis second la
or tt o& tht other
hand, his money comes to him with
such comparative ease that he thinks
with each move, he Is going to And
It still easier and easier-then he enters the first stage of the disease. He
wanders from a farm near Toronto,
for example, to Toronto. Tlie tide of a
Harvesters' excursion catches him and
lie readies tlie west. He works with
one man and then with another, He
finds work lie likes, but it Is not permanent. He moves from one place to
another, not a tramp, but a man who
is getting accustomed to moving about.
It is just possible that he forgets to
write home uud so loses his home
ties. One by one he casts oft his so-
elal connections. Home, lie begins to
believe, In popular parlance, is "any
old place I can hang my lint." The
churches   lose  track   of   htm,    The
lodges lose hlni. He even forgets Ills
old trade and forgets, to brag about
the British Hag.
This man is n respectable riorollct.
Not a bad mau, perhaps not even poor
-maybe he makes quite an amount of
money In hts wanderings. Hi* gets In
a laud rush, secures a good place—and
sells It out to a man who really wants
thc laud. Ho roaches a town where
work Is suddenly plentiful aud men
scarce, and he takes advantage of the
special circumstances to make a rale
wandering. Their communities, as a
rule, were the most nearly permanent. They founded real homes ard
stood by them.
Churches, mechanics' institutes,1-,
lodges, schools, und even rinks and
places of amusement huve come to
be looked upon now us part of the
machinery for "anchoring" men and
women to the soil of Canada. The
two factors are named by those who
study the question: one the cultivation of patriotic feeling iu schools
and in churches, and the other, hard
times. A period ot depression will
do more to stop the wandering disease than anything else, according
to western bunk managers, and while
it may for the time being stop Immigration and even cause some tit leave
Canada for other parts. It will In the
end prove to huve been a steadying
ami refining lufluonce,
Ontario, like most or tho eastern
provinces, has had to deal witli the
toss of Immigrants, not to (he 1'iilted
States or to otlier countries, hut to
the west. Its problem lias therefore
been a peculiar one iu one sense, and
yet, like tlie problem of the west in
another sense. It has set about preventing immigrants from getting tlie
■'wandering disease," by seeing to tt
tluit  llie  farm   laborers  whioh  reach
of pay higher than normal
ses through tlie country looking out
for "opportunities." lie Icarus tlie
gentle art of riding the bumpers when
necessary. One day, having accumulated a little ready money, he hears of
big doings tu such and such a quarter.
He boards a freight train and disappears over the American boundary. He
is a potential citizen lost.
The wandering docs not uffect only
single men, or men of small resources. An American immigrant with a
hrewd wife, and perhaps a baby or
two, takes up store-keeping in a new
town. They make just enough money
to keep comfortably alive and then
they sell out the good-will and flit to
another new town, where they repeat
the performance. They get the hublt
of flitting. They lose all sense of identity with the land or community of interest. They urc exploiters. They
wander where they think money Is to
be made. If by accident they are attracted buck again over the American border, tliey do not notice the
difference. They are cosmopolitans,
Tlie prairie. American or Canadian, is
their home. As with them and as with
Jones, so even with established farmers. Tliey sell out their farms, reaping tho increment, unearned or otherwise. They go to another new part
of the country and grow up with It,
again to reap the increment. They
repeat tills time and again. They are
really   not   farmers  at  ail,  but
lie brow-(Ontario are properly placed In tho
rvlce of the farmers. In other
times great dissatisfaction arose trom
the fact that the volunteering laborers
wcre disappointed In the wages offered, or In the conditions of labor, or
the length of contract.
The fanners complicated matters
by keeping men for only part of u
year and throwing them upon tho
general labor market at tho end of
the harvest. Under the bureau of
colonization, Ontario has established
a system by which tho farmer states
on n printed form just what sort of
labor lie wants, wages, conditions,
sort of work, and lcngtii of contract.
Before the intending immigrant
leaves Kngland he Is given a choice
of these positions, und upon his arrival In Toronto is given n card of Introduction to the farmer, while at the
same time the farmer Is twice notified to meet, or to be on the look-out
for the man. If in thc meantime the
tanner has filled the position, he Is
required to inform the bureau under
penalty nr having to pay tiie immigrants expenses from Toronto. Tf he
misrepresents conditions or falls to
carry out his promises, he loses the
good offices of the bureau in obtaining
otlier men for Ills farm.
Meantime an immigrant, arriving at
a farm where he finds he Is not
wanted, or wliere conditions are unsatisfactory, is authorized to telephone or wire, collect, to Uio bureau.
plotters of tiie soil.   Thoy. too, lose i For less  important  communications
their sense of nationality and may by
accident slip over Into Montana.
Against tliis disease tiie  province:
ha\e  to   tight.    They  feel   t!i
must make the people reili', *
he is equipped with an addressed and
stamped postcard. If thc first position does not suit him, the bureau
tucy I guarantees him another. It Is only
souse the exceptional man who does not
of "home" In tho land where they Anally find, through the bureau, a
live. A western grain grower told thc , satisfactory position. Meantime,
writer that tn his expert-sue*? every through the influence of thc bureau,
western farming community changed ! formers are offering twelve-month lu-
every fifteen .years. Tlie question ■stra(i l,f six-month contracts. Thus,
was, he said, how to prevent V at, how t***1 system Is satisfactory to employer
to identify fuinilies with locations ond «•"** employee alike,
make them build up homes in the Tliis Is what one province Is do-
country so thut affection for the home ing to hold its immigrants. Others
would act as u barrier against the have their own systems. Mttlc by
temptation to wander. Yet It was little these systems are being tail curious thing, he remarked, that the proved, so that the leakage ot im-
foreign settlers and the l*'rench-''a-' migration will some day be reduced
nadlans were thc ones least giving to to u minimum.
A Brass Bed
AT
$8.50
Wc have three
Brass Beds, size
3-6x6, Regular
Price $20.00, now
offered at $8.50.
Crockery
AT
Half Price
We have a splendid line of Semi-Cut, Pressed
Glass, very heavy, and it looks as good as some
lines of cut glass that sells at ten times the price.
The entire shipment will be sold at half price <
There are three Water Sets, Bowls, Plates,
Cream Jngs, Sugar Bowls, Spoon Holders, Trays
Pickle Dishes, in fact, everything that may be
needed in Glassware. The assortment is complete and must go at Half Price.
Cranbrook Co-operative
Stores Ltd.
m*

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