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Cranbrook Herald Mar 16, 1911

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Array V
"<' a
■■/ 1911
V *
We are well   equipped  to
turn out the befltcliiBii
of work
RIA, B. Oj
In the Herald P»jf|—Try
uur   Local   Columns
10t*. •  lino
NO.    I
Fort Steele Mining Division
add Com mission iter's Report For 1910 Shows
Steady Progress
The report of flic gold  imlssloti-
may he expected
to rapidly. Increase.
or of the Fort Steele mining division
Thn   table of
mineral claims held
for Hie year 1010, just issued, makes
appended, shows
lhe turn of the
encouraging rending.    Obviously the
liiin occurred iu
period of Inactivity hjis ended     ami
The following
shnws approii-
Irom imw ou prosperity and the   de-
mutely the number of mineral claims
development    ol    proved  properties
held during each
siuce 18011.
Meld    under Crown (limit
Certificate of
or Certificate ol   Improve
Year.                          ment.
lllllll                              SI
lllllll                              71
llllll                              101
lilli'l                             117
1003                                  111!
nun                       iii7
lSOfi                                     ISO
mon                     2ii
llllli                                  2.11
mOK                                  2111
19011                                  2SII
nun                     -Jin
Deals Effectivclyilwith Questions of Fiscal Autonomy and Relations
With Motherland. — Hon. Wm. Templeman Speaks for B.
C. — A. S. Goodeve Voices his Personal Views.
Hudson Bay Railway
To be Built by Government Says Hon. Geo. P.
Graham, Hinister of Railways.
government   lias de-
lo build Un- Hudson
Southwest   side ol Mark' Creek,
This propert)1   was shut down during I"!ii,   hut   will probably resume
development litis spring.
Northeast side of Mark Creek.
This property was takrn over by
tbe Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada in 11110. Tlie
company has purchased several adjoining claims and has dono much
development work ami has shipped
33,000 Ions of ore.
Kast side of Moyie Lake.
Tbe Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada hns reduced ils working force during the
year anil tin- output diminished 'to
78,000 tons.
West side of Moyio lake.
Mode trial shipment wiih_cncourag
ing result, and ii is hoped that slilp
infills will lie continued in 1011.
.soeirrv GIRL GROUP
Kasl side of Moyie lake
Also made a Lrlnl shipment with
good results.
This "Kslelln" group has been
bonded for $175,000.00 and the
"Swan" ami "SI, Lawrenco" havo
been purchased hy a Spokane syndi
rale. Tbo portion of lhe Kootenay
Central railwa) now being bull) will
come within si\ miles ol these pro
perttes and means ot transport thus
furnished Is sure to Increase tin
work in Ous tamp
Increased interest is being manifest
ed nnd two groups are now undei
The year 1000 saw ihe turn of the
lide in prospecting and tlto yeai iust
past shows a continued Increase and
mining matters are now much hrlghl
Minora! claims recorded  170
Placer    claims   recorded   or  rerecorded     9
Certificates ol work tm
t'eiiideates   of   improvements issued   Hi
Conveyances and  other documents
of title   20
Partnership agreements    i
(told commissioner's permits ...  .  -t
Document* tyled  15
Affidavits fyled   ,.370
Records of water grants and per
mils     I
Mining leases issued          . ..    ">
Mining leases in foice    4o
Freo   miners  certificates   (ordinary)  Ml
Kiee    minors   certificates   (company)     4
Free miners certificates (special)..   1
Crown grants issued   Ill
Free miners Certificates  $1721.50
Mining receipts   1882.01
Mr. G. G. Henderson, of Hull River, managing director of thc big power plnnt undertaking at that point,
was in town during the week, homeward bound from a trip to Montreal
ami other eastern point*.
Mr. Henderson informed the Herald
that work on the Inundations [or the
machinery- In connection willi the hig
power plant will he commenced in the
course of a few davs, directly tho
snow goes.
Mr. Henderson also reported that
he had received a very handsome otter (or their undertaking from Influential   eastern capitalists hut he and
liis Michigan iriends     have no intention of parting with what they    regard as a sure money maker.
#   •
# Ottawa, March ."...-When thc 0>
# house met Sir Wilfrid Laurier 0
9 read the following cablegram #
O) he bad received from Lord 0
0 Stratheona: ".Statement attri- #
0 billed to me by Mr. Goodeve in #
# house nf commons, Ottawa, on $
# nth inst., as reported in to- 0
0 day's London Times, by their 0
0 Ottawa correspondent that I 0
0 had said that the Canadian 0
0 ministers had been hypnotized 0
0 by the brilliance of the Ameri- 0
0 ean offer, and had fallen into a 0
0 trap, is entirely baseless and 0
0 without foundation in (act, it 0
0 is unwarranted by anything I 0
0 have eVer said in connection 0
0 with the tlie reciprocity agree- 0
0 ment, whieh I have refrained 0
0 from discussing. Will ynu kind 0
0 ly make this known in the 0
0 house." 0
0                                                   •
Sir Wilfred Laurier last week spoke
for the lirst time, at any length, on
the reriptocity measure. Needless
to say his contribution to tho debate '
was both eloquent and forceful. In liis
opening remarks lie referred tu ihe j
.organized opposition tu tlie measure
originating iu Toronto and Muti
I tieal, and said:
"To this I have no exception to
take, those who do tbis are perfectly
I within their rights. Neither will I
I underestimate the importance of such
a movement, and still less tlie iiu-
I portanee of the men who have placed
themselves at thc head of il. Hut
even whilst fully recognizing the importance of that movement, I do
' not think there is auy serious cause
'for alarm in the agreemenl. (ieneral
Grant in his Memoirs narrates lhat
during tbe Mexican war he was in
the army of the United Slates as a
young lieutenant. He was riding towards tbe front in company with n
friend, when all of a sudden they
heard in front of them a most unearthly howling of wolves. His friend
asked htm how many he thought
there were in lhe pack, and not wishing to exaggerate he said he thoughl
there must be al least twenty, His
friend smiled and said nothing, lu a
few minutes tbey came In sight of
the wolves and there were just two,
which had made atl thai noise, (ieneral Grant observes that he thoughl
of this incident in afler life when he
heard the noise made hy some disappointed men, and he adds they were
always more numerous before they
were counted. 1 believe ihttl whal
is true of the I'nited States, is also
true of this country."
Sir Wilfrid proceeded to review thc
past history of the reciprocity movement in Canada, particularly thc
attitude of Sir -lohn Macdonald,
quoting from     his   speeches in  1R7S
ami 1870.    Ilu
errors cootalnci
in a
E,   l*'u
speech, wlii-n-in
ll*  .sli
Conservative   |i
nl   dell
abandoned      re
wln-ii'iis as late
1   slill
i-tl an essential
it'll til
i'i Iheli
lit* went nn ti
■ cause
tin. change ul lu
ul in
i* part
Ilu* Tories ami,
. Ills
question, he said:
"That cause
i li.< ll.
iiiK in this govcrnmcp
'he onl)
sun given is   th
it Cm
.i todaj
prosperous   as s
in* ue
was In
ll Canada   were
llie position
believe il is historically true—that
gunpowder wus invented by an Ingenious »'!iuiui]i.*ti, but the people ui
China never used gunpowder fur tho
defence uf their territory, though of
ten exposed to invasion They de
peuded ou the great dragon to sweep
• ill their enemies from the face of tho
earth by the lire (rom his eyes. They
let well enough alone. It was un ingenious Chinaman who invented the
compass, but they never used it fm
navigation, and for 4,0fin years theli
little junks navigated around their
shores, never getting away from tin-
land. They left well enough alone
"And we are   asked to adopt   this
The Dominioi
finitely decided
Hay railway.
This announcement was made      by
Hon. Geo. P, Graham, minister     ol
I railways, in thc house In connection
with his annual railway budget.
j "In view df the failures of private
companies to construct the line,"
said Mr Graham, "the government
has decided to take up the [flea it-
s.-lf Uhen'tlie road Is built a plan
for tho operation will be submitted
to the parliament. Arrangements
will also he made fur the construction ol elevators and terminal facilities and steamships to ply between
Hudson Hay and Great Hritain "
J   "Alberta," he believed, "will      In
the course of time become one of the
jbest mixed [arming districts in tin*
■Dominion, ami this would be an ideal
•cool route over which perishable pro
ducts    could   be  shipped to British
markets "
| The miniate, stated that opinions
Were divided as u> whether a special
style of vessel would be required
He was of the opinion that modern
silence would liml a method to keep
tlte Hudson Hay straits open tout
months in tho year.
I He was Inclined to think thai Kon
.Nelson was the must llkelj  terminal
"i the road The first 170 miles
from Pas Mission to Spill Lake will
be constructed Immediate).
we found it when we look ollice in
189(1, with its vast fertile lands still
unoccupied and untitled, with ils ua
lural resources dormant as they had
been since llie earl j days of creation, with its transportation [acuities still in lhe mosl rudimentary
stage, wilh industry stagnant, with
agriculture unrcmunoralivo — wore
Canada still iu lhat position, I have
no doubt loday the policy wo are
proposing would he received with favor and Die empyrean would resound
with exultation. Hm Instead ol
being in that condition the counlry
Is prosperous, extraordinarily pros
porous, and we are told hy hon. gentlemen opposite. Do not go any further, fold your arms and let well
enough alone. Well, whal is this
country?      What are we?     Is    ihis
* Canada, or is Ihis China?
!    "The Chinese have left  well enough
J alone for 1,00(1 years. Four thousand years ago they were probably
the first nation on earth, and so satisfied were they Ufa! .'bev refused to
move They left well enough alone
for l.ftflfl years. If a reformer showed his bend among them he was
ruthlessly put   down and told to let
■ well enough alone     If Is said—and I
Chinese   policy.       Hut,   sir, this
Canada, and we shall have to go
whether hon. gentlemen opposite will I
follow or uot.    We will drag     them
ou, even against theli will.
"That is our policy We must g<>
on. Some years ago n young lady |
showed me her album, w! ieh, as a •$)
young girl, she had shown lo Sn A)
.lohn Macdonald, and asked him to #
write iu it tbe motto of bis life. And |f)
lie wrote on it his motto: Hope on, <f>
hope ever. How far the Conserve- 9
live party is from that motto today'   s>
"But we shall   go on with our pol   9
icy.    Our policy is 'advane
A Winnipeg despatch savs At tho
annual banquet? to (Be Liberal mem
heis ui th.- legislature on Tttursda)
last, I) W Hole, ex U P , was thi
chiel Bpeakei lie had just returned
Irom ilrltish Columbia, where be had
W.KNT        GENERAL     FOR •
"My view ol thc situation la #
and if ■# thai th.- Important large frail •
it be wrong we shall submit willingly a; growers ol British Columbia #
to the judgment of the Canadian a) bave got so tat advanci I and 0
people, and to the punishment which If 80 control the market that thej #
ought to be given every man who j-g will nol suffei materially from #
brings iu a wrong policy. But this is -9 reciprocity, and as I think [t ia #
our policy.    Our policy has been, is, 9 generally    considered   that tho 9
heen impressed, he said, by the case
for the fruit growers, which had been
presented in parliament bj Mi Hm-
Mi Bole remarked that the Con
scrvativc members ol the British Coil mbia legislature with whom be had
talked bad told him ihai [n then
judgment the rcclprocltj treat)
would expedite development ol Brit
ish Columbia's fruit lands.
rhesc, which were quite as good as
•■ Oregon    and Washington,
could be bought for about one-flfth of
tiie price, and n was perfectly ob
vious thai, if ihe agreement went
': rough, experienced Iruit growers
witb capital would go into British
Columbia in large numbers and develop the resources of the province
Ui Hole considered, proved
reasonably well that British Columbia fruit growers would he benefited
and will be, so long as the Canadian
people continue to place in us the
confidence they have shown us during
fifteen years—and that policy is to
seek markets   wherever   markets are
9 fruit grown in
# bla is of bette
0 that   grown in
4) the south,     t'.i'
British Colum  •
quality than 0
the country to 9
fanners o{ the 0
sj province  mav   look foi j oat     •
to be found,     We are above all    an jsj Ui.,i prosperity "
agricultural people, our  chief wealth 9 .1   11  Turner, in   thi  standard #
is thp growth nf those products     of f „f Empire
the   temperate   zone, fruits,   cereals
(Continued on page nine )
/«miSM'/\ ^EDM0NT0N     I ,.^PR,„CE ALBERT	
\    '''mn nittiiB.1 a>'''AL1EOTA .,-i,-^BAffleford
\      mUJlMEWk-   )    J..-,----"--"   j   ^   ..%SASKATOON
^--<!r.T"!;'* j^cmbmoml 1 ;	
There are Hundreds more To=day than two weeks ago.
Tlie I'miaTPM of Kamloops ia known throughout tlio West, nml the increased value of investments in the lown are fully appreciated. The
building of two Railways: immense sums to Iw expended hy the Dominion and Provincial Governments, the City, Itailway Companies and private
Individuals will reach the enormous sum of over $2,000,000. This means rapid growth to the town, and rapid growth in values. The tinu* to
make money is to buy belore that growth ami value comes. Taking everything into consideration there is no better buy iu Kamloops than
Beckman'i Addition. To prove our faith wc are only sellingevory other lot for the reason that we are convinced that our reserve lots will be
worth from half to twice as much a year from now than they are at the present time. There is no such thing as luck in buying Id al Estate uml
ordinary judgment will show any man that he must necessarily inula* mom y in Imying property in Beckman's Addition nt Ihis time. Only I'.'
blocks from the highest priced property in lhe town.
50 ft. Lots—$210 to $490 each
i-8 Cash—Balance divided over 18 months.
P. B. Simpson, Qtneral Sales Agent, Kamloops, B.C.
As stated bj it. U. Beattie in a
recent interview Kith officials of the
I'ranbrwok board   oi trade, the Cranbrook   Klectric    Light   and   Powei
mpsay no« have considerable pow-
': [01 sale   foi   industrial purposes,
[there being available ai the present
lime upward-* of tibO h.p.
I: 1-. oi general Interest tbat this
(set should be widely known and tbat
st the earliest opportunity tbis powei rfbouid be utilued in the economical operation of industries or ont
Mi I sad another.
. :.• rates at Which this power can
v pui i.ased are, we are Informed,
very Uvorable as (.omparcd uUh rales in force in Spokane and Fernie.
The rales in forte to Fernie are   Ior
, lu h.p. J'J-j per annum per h.p , and
lor 15 h.p    !'ju per annum. The
Cranbrook rates aie \~Z per annum
pei b.p lot j lip. and S6u pet annum for from 5 to 10 b.p,
on thc meter rates the Cranbrook
Electric Light    and Power company
] allow iubstanllsl discounts as      follows:
21 to LOO k w   18c—IS per cent dis.
1101 to 250 k w   18c—20 per cent dis.
[351 to 350 k w   18c.—35 per cent dis.
851 '«• 500 k w   Ite.—40 per cent dis.
501 to 1000 k w   iv -fiQ per cent dis
■ ftgurefl will be of interesi   to
■   ■: - nl elei trie pow»T for
jdotnestli purposes' The average cle<-
trl Iron consumes coo watts per
hour, at .-. cost ol *'       \n ordinary
Ismail Kited fan     f<>r cooling a (liniri<
1 room or office consumes io watts per
hour at a •"nit r,f 1-5 ol one cent  per
Mi-htie.il. March ll —As a result of
.1 Rriai '■! lc* ttircs illustrated by
lantern  slid'"*    ami    iifnstnatogfapb
Mm dellfend In Ktigland under th?
auspices 01 lbs (irand Trunk lailwa)
.md win tt- sur Dominion line of
iteamsbipl a party an hid In Mon
Ireal thli morning trom tin' White
Star Dominion line iteamei Canada
destined in Baynes Lake, It C
The party constats of retired mill
imv officers, professional wen and
um v ei sit v graduates,, with their
wives and families, iii ebarge nf .1
A. Tormey On arrival at Baynes
I.nke It is Intended thnt the party,
who arc onlv the first of several, snd
are bringing out r&pltAl lo the
amount of about 1200,000, will pur-
chaw specially Mloctsd fruit farms
and town-, will be entabtlnhed TUB   URANUKOOK   HJSItALI)
The   preliminary    report    on     the ,
mineral product!. i Canada, during j
the calencar year 11)10, lias been issued by the department of mines, Ottawa, from which the following In-
(.•resting excerpts are taken:
Although complete statistics arc
not yd avallahle, sulllcleul information is ui hand Lo Indicate thai Uie
lotal value of the mineral production
nf Canada during Lhe past year exceeded $1115,11011,111111 This production is mode up from such a greal
variety of well established milling industries Uml lhe record should he
partlcularl) gratifying nol only to
those who are directly Interested lu
lhe development of the mineral resources of the country, but also lo
the public nl large who directly pro
lit thereby.
Nol only is the increase over the
production ol the previous year a
large nne, having amounted to $13,-
200,517, or over 11 per cent, but an
examination of the details of production shows thai the iiu lease has been
fairly well distributed amongst the
iiuiie Important ores and minerals
produced in Canada.
While statistics of gold production
are as yet Incomplete, a prelimlnarj
cstimnli- shows a production of approximate!) S10.33-l.fl10. an Increase
id about IJ per cenl over the 1000
production. The production nl Ihe
Yukon is valued at $1,550,1 , tin-
total exports, on wliich royally was
paid during the calendar year accord
ing in the records ol the interior dc
par Uncut, being 275,172 51 ounces
Thr Yukon production in l-ifl'i wa-,
■f-VlliO.oon, ihf exports being 230,
7l.fi.-I'i ounces The British Columbia production in 1900 was placer
gold $177,000; bullion [nun fiee mill
ing ores $3211,065; smelter recoveries
$1,307,03-1. In 1010 the plan i pro
ductloii is estimated hi Hie provincial mineralogist as $182,000 An
estimate of iree milling bullion ship
ments and smeller recoveries is made
of $-1,050,000, or a total production
fm- the province ol $5,133,000 The
Nova Seotia production shows a fall
ing ofl of about $20,000, while On
larlo will probably show a sllghl in
crease on account nf the gold rccov
eied in development work at Porcupine, ol which a record has imt yel
been received
512,317 pounds,    or  22.3    oer ecu
while   British   Columbia shows
slight     Increase,     Uuj produltlon
lllllll being    estimated   at 35,058,01
In 1010       o
lead was 32,
allied al the aver
efiiied lead in 'I'm out j
The silver production of Canada in
1000 showed an Increase ol 21.5 per
cent over lhat ol 1008 following a
series of large Increases during the
three preceding years, li is very sat
isfaciory therefore lo be able to re
port a further increase in 1010 ol
about   In p,-r cent    The total prodltC
lion lasi year, Including thai produced
ns bullion and ihe metal estimated as
recovered from ores sent to smelters
ot otherwise treated was approxl
mately 31,083,338 ounces, as compared with a production of 27,520,173
ounces iu 1009.
The Increase is attain chiefly crod.il
ed to Cobalt and adjacent mining ■!**-
iidts of Ontario.
Thru* was a slight falling ofl in
ihe silver production of British Columbia as a resull    of tin- decreased
production from the silver lead OWS
of the province.
No refined copper is produced in
Canada, bul llie nipper ores are
mostly reduced to a motto or Mister
'upper rallying values in tho precious metals, In Quebec, wliere thc
copper is recovered subsequently to
the extraction of the sulphur from
pyritic ores, there was increased ac
initv liming tho year. A small
quantity of ore was exported from
British Columbia mast mines and
Iht- Yukon to United States smelters
for treatment. In Ontario, where
(ho copper is chiefly recovered from
lhe nickel copper - ores ol the Sudbury district, there is a very large
increase ui production, In British Columbia the most Important events
during the year were the acquisition
ol u controlling interest m the Dom
imon Coppei company by Uie British
Columbia Copper company, with the
subsequent re-opcnlng nf several of
the properties, and the destruction
by Ore ol part of the head works of
the  Oronby mines at Phoenix, B.C.,
Which noticeably affected the output,
although the boundary district as a
whole shown an increased production.
Statistics are not available at the
present time to show the total quantity of eopper contained in ores shipped from (he mines. The total production of copper, however, contained
in blister and matte produced and estimated as recoverable from ores exported was in 1010 approximately
B6,S0S>07t pounds In 1000 the pro
ducttoii nf copper estimated on thc
same basis was 52,103, 883 pounds,
an Increased production of about ; s
per cent, being therefore shown in
I'M ii
iti the production in 1010, Quebec
is credited with 057,178 pounds, the
production in Ontario was 10,350,010
pounds, ami in British Columbia the
production is estimated at ahout
13,000,000 pounds        Ontario shows
an Iiu leased    production nf utlOUl   I,
The total production
pig and manufactured
087,308 pound)
age price of
at $1,237,032.
The production of teliiied lead and
lead contained iu base bullion exported iu 1000 was 45,657,-121 pounds,
A decreased production in 1010 is
therefore shown ol 12,800,010 uounds,
The production ol both years was
entirely from British Columbia. Thu
falling oil in tho output ol that province is due largely to the curtailment of production hy
several of the important Slocan mines, consequent to the deslruction of
railway facilities aud of several mints buildings by forest fires,
The Itlue Bell mine also, one of
the leading shippers of lead in 1000,
suspended operations early in 1010,
Against these decreases may he pints-
t-d the advent of lhe Sullivan mine,
Kast Kootenay, into the list of shippers.
The exports of lend in ore during
the year were 23 tons, and of pig
lead 3,850 Ions, or a total ol 3,870,
The total coal production in Canada in 1010, comprising sales and
shipments, colliery consumption and
coal used in making coke, is estimated at 13,700,512 short tuns, valued
al $20,811,750, This is an increase
of 2,1105,037 tons, or nearly 22 per
cenl over the production of moo, and
is the largest production of coal yet
recorded for Canada.
There has been an increased pro
duction from practically all the
larger collieries, while in the province of Alberta many new mines are
being opened up ami developed. The
largest increases have been in the
west—Alberta showing un increase of
nearly 12 per cent and British Columbia over 27 per cent, while Nova
Scotia shows an increase ol a llllle
over 13 per cent The total product iou is almost equally divided this
year between the eastern and western
coal fields, while Alberta contributes
about 22 per cent of the whole as
compared with 10 per cent in 1005
aud 5 per cent iu 1000.
The production hy provinces was
approximately as follows:
Tons.     Value
Nova Scotia  0,107,001  12.871.3SS
British   Columbia.3,310,301* 10,373,021
Alberta    2,831,030   0,101,055
Saskatchewan ... 100,181 203,11k
New Brunswick ,. 55,255 100,010
Yukon   Territory.      1,185
"The Hair and its Care," Seal Free
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[lottbtful if the next generation would
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it is just as easy to have robust
md beautiful hair as to have thill,
.craggy hair or no hair at all. II the
scalp is kept clean ami free from dan
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The booklet tells how this may be
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use of Newbro's Herpicide. Herpicide
destroys the germ which causes dan
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scarf Hakes. The
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Newhro's Herpicide is the ortglnnl
remedy that kills dandruff germ for
which there are many imitations and
substitutes said to he jusl as good,
Buy nothing hut the original.
All reliable druggists sell and guar
autee genuine Herpicide in one dollar
si/e bottles.
Send 10c. in portage to The Herpicide Co., Dept. B., Detroit, Mich ,
and a nice sample will he sent, with
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Applications obtained al thc better
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IjIc French regulator; never (nils, TIich
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pills aro exceedingly nowi
Ki-lieilitlVi; Jii.tllulii'l Uu*!.
nil i lu- l|. Imitation- Dr.
IB a box, or-Uiree loi 110.
Til* S...*llill I.t II.; Co.,
l-'or sale ut   Boatie,
here,  Wl
and ii' j
The whole mat ler
upon the weak spol in
ministration—the polh
It should not he necess;
private citizen lc movi
ler, when we |,
I Lis work,     h
' is denied        us
al  to the altor
ii'ilct'ls   ngaiu
in our civic i mI-
li department.
,ry [or     any
in Ihis mat
Io dt
muni: ed    us
Lion,  uml tin
i UU III   ol     tl
lhat manv i»
Ihillflereiil lo
conditions t
call forth no pro I
I ll rn out their dr
hy day, aud worn,
for, and voting tn
hair becomes doprnved; ami 1 as
in no small
lo be hoped      Uie
wliich   Mayoi   Until
will   soon   be in
<■ "heals" tor    Uie
and the impartial
low,   It is a sad
ph' ate so utterly
altalrs Uml   these
1 have alluded
t. ami tin-    bars
ken products daj
and children sill
nre blighted and
'it  thul  this   has
icasure the result
in oi Die law.
Totals  12,700,612 20,811,750
Tin- exports uf coal are reported hy
lhe customs department as 2,377,0IU
tons, valued at (0,077,300, as com
paled with exports of 1,588,000 tons
in 1009, valued at $4,456,342.
Imports of coal during the year Include bituminous 5,000,400 tons, valued al $11,019,341; slack 1,305,281
tons, valued ut $1,705,508, and an
tbracite 3,206,2.18 tons, valued at
$14,735,002, or a total ol 10,597,982
tons, valued at $28,450,001.
Coke—The total production of oven
coke in 1910 was about 807,873 short
tons, as compared with a production
of 802,011 tons in 1009. The total
quantity of coal charged to ovens
was 1,373,703 short tons. By provinces the production was. Nova Scotia,
507,996 tons, Ontario, 25,959 tons,
Alberta, 121,578 tons, und British
Columbia, 211,710 tons. The coke
is all made from Canadian coal with
the exception of lhat made by tho
Atiknknn Iron company at Port Arthur. Ontario. All of lhe coke produced was used in Canada with the
exception of 50,022 tons sold for export to the I'nited States, chiefly
from Alberta. Thc quantity sold
for export in 1900 wns 77,407 tons,
ing the   calendar     year was 7:t7,088
The quantity of coke imported during the calendar year was 737,088
tons, valued at $1,008,725, as compared with imports of 661,425 tons,
valued nt $1,608,627 in 1000.
of lax udmiuistral
1 know only too will that wr tun
nol make men sohel or moral by
law, any mine than wc can prevent
murder or theft bv law, but ue can
bring a very healthy Influence to
bear upon llic would-be lawless, by
ihese means, ami lliere is uo doubt
whatever, that much crime Is prevented thereby. 1 nm Inclined to the
opinion lhat the law Is more likely
to he brought Into contempt, as you
powder will he sent forward to whatever points same is to he delivered
at. The secretaries of tho Farmers'
Institutes will arrange Un dislrihut
ng .same to the members, uud also
collecting all moneys for thc orders
supplied, while the government
agents will be asked to secure pay
ments trom the road superintendents.
Returns will be furnished the department of agriculture quarterly
from all sources, showing the amounl
of powder distributed also remitting
ail moneys received on account ol
The government agents are hereby
asked to procure from the road sup
L'rlntendents information as to the
quantity likely lo be needed for their
work, and the secretaries of thc
institutes will furnish the names of
members who desire to participate
in the benelits of the proposed
scheme, this information to be sup
plied on the requisition form sent
As this matter is one of urgency, I
will thank you to give saute your
Immediate attention.
I am, sir, your obedient servant.
Wm.  E. Seott,
Deputy Minister
Dept. ol Agriculture,
Victoria, B.C., Feb. 28, '11.
(Any member of the Fernie-Crau
brook Farmers' Institute requiring
powder should get into communication with the secretary, Mr. S. Macdonald, Cranbrook, without delav.)
expressed   it in your
•tutorial,      b>
laxity,   rather than b
an ll st at
tempi at enforcement
lu conclusion, it np]
ears to he sof
er to make   men drill
k, and safer ti
violate the Liquor Ac
in other ways
than it is   lo allow
cattle to straj
upon thc streets, or a dog to      run
loose     without    a  lac.        Would  y ll
consider the police guilty of excessive
zeal when   they   take offending dogs
. to the   pound; aud wuuld il be       a
frivolous act to   collect the straying
cattle; would it ,bc bringing lhe city
bylaw into contempt?
|   How would ii be, Mr. Editor,   the
next time the   defendant is brought
into   court—which   will,    ol course,
happen if the same violation occurs—
to give mo the credit of having    no
ulterior   motives, and of being inlet
ies ted iu the city's welfare, and    the
.betterment of my fellow-a?    Would ii
i nol be more sane, and square   more
wilh the facts9
1 am, yours faithfully,
Itoberl  Hughes,
Cranbrook, Match lith, 10111.
Editor The Herald:
I am directed by tbe Hon, the minister of agriculture to procure Information as lo the quantity of
stumping powder likely to he required (or clearing purposes by the farming community throughout British
Columbia during the presenl year.
It is intended that the government
slioulil endeavor lo obtain lhe powder
for the farmers at the cheapest possible rate, and with this object iu
View, I am sending you herewith requisition seeking particulars which I
hope you will he able to furnish.
By ascertaining from the government agents and the secretaries of
the various Farmers' Institutes, a
report nn this subject, the deparl
men) ol agriculture will arrange for
procuring the total quantity nr
stumping powdei iu carload Iota, Tin*
Editor Herald:
In your editorial of last week, you
print so unfair a comment on tlie recent case of violation of tlie .New
Liquor Act that I must ask youi
permission to reply thereto. Vou 80)
that il is another case of excessive
/eal, lhat it was a manifestly frivolous charge, you also imply personal
animus, and suggest thut tlte action
brings the law- into contempt. A
little calm reflection, will, l venture
to say, on the part ol a person oi
ordinary Intelligence, result in concluding that such comment is very
much beneath a paper that claims to
he impartial iu its judgments.
Allow me to point out, that three
public men swore under oath lhat
the windows of tiie bar in question
were obscured in such a manner thut
an Enlntcrruptcd view of the Interioi
was impossible; it was further slated
thai the defendant had been warned
before by the informant, and that In
spite af this warning, the same unlawful conditions prevailed Sunh,
sir, this must be sulltcicfit on reflection, lo convince the man ot normal
intelligence, that the charge was
just, and entirely in the Interests of
law aud order, and thai frivolity and
personal animus have no relation to
the case a'  atl.
During my term of nearly foui
years in Cranhrook, I bait1 never
known a liquor seller to be convicted
in court; I have known the city authorities tti absolutely refuse to
prosecute when eases of the most
flagrant lawlessness have lieen sworn
to; and I hnve also noted that both
the court nnd the press have generally seemed to shew a decided sympathy for the law-breaker. Any mnn
who desires lo make the liquor party
toe the mark always seems to employ the wrong methods. Strange
isn't |l! How would it he to stig
gest the right methods1 It seems
to in1 a grent crime lo try and make
tlie liquor mnn piny the game on lhe
square, In view of the attorney
general's declaration regnrditig the
ROW low, we purpose lo see lo il,
thai am Infractions of the same aie
immedlatclv     remedied   as fnr as is
Tin* most common cause of insomnia is disorders ol lhe stomach
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets cornel these disorders and
enable you to sleep. Kor sale by all
dealers' I tl
* Commence Nowl
Wewaiikvaptdotow .
fyat we arc payiiS *
c~43 Interest^
per annum credited irfMf
on savings deposited -
nX ujmJJsuVject loWtth-. {
-dmvallir cheque S + *'
^-5# Inters
on\m deposits of *
Wc invest mm* fortliento
Aeneml fmaiKialliusincsft.
We miCM aavinja accnl
ft ifYcuarcuotoavinJ *
wtfcDUJticdVi * **• •>* *»
Deposits hy mail ***i
+ * + easilytianJlel—
You can ocud ty Draft,
Post Oilicc * fyyrm
Order or Rcilstcteo^
better fc witlidrayab
con be matle* ""♦ + * ♦
* * lW ^27 X2^ *i^! •
Weave Responsible
ReferW+* + --
Bo it raw!!!!!
Ml fainhU Street,
Vancouver B.C.^
Q|i|i,<sllo r.l'.U. Sli,li.ill
THE    PLAOE    TO     OKI*     i
I i-sji-MieTOSiteii
;./\J3     ■-■......_.}        JL   HMMMMHH    A     ■.Mill iniMSIN I IW
Lots  in  the Original
HendquartorB for nil It mils of
Satisfaction (iti.iniiili'i'il
Tlio Shoo Specialist
Provcnzano & Sacco
General Merchants
Employment Agents
CRANBROOK     -     Q, C.
Townsite of
II  yuo want sAtistaclioii wilh
your washing   send
it  to
H-itMiiivl |M
I (,il family work.
Is prepared tn supply help, skilled or
unskilled, on shortest possible notice; to find employmc.it and guarantee positions when sent out; to
rent houses and rooms and to sell
you fruit lauds or other property for
a small commission.
Addrcsit-W. Parker, 312 Baker St.
NELSON, II. C, 18-ly
ANI) CHEMIST.-Chargcs: Gold,
silver, copper and lead, Jt each;
gold-silver, $1.50; silver-lead, (1.80;
gold-silver, with copper or lead.
$2.50; Zinc, $2; silver-lead-zinc, $3,
Prices [or other metals on application. P. O. Hox CD., U0S, Nelson, n. c. 41; ii
\n iii*,,"il,111! Manitoba Divisional Point nn Ilu* iimln line ol
Un* 1:1.,ml Trunk Padllc Hallway, 1*12 miles wesl ol WlimlpcK.
Tliix live anil rapidly ({rawing young city now haR ;i population
rn 1,31111 Al lilvcrs, llm (Irami Trunk PaeHlc maintain., Hu*
iimsl i*\li*iisivi. maclilmi shops nn ils litir, lielvv'Tii Winnipeg ami
I*:,I nun     Tlie monthly  payroll ol ilu* drain! Trunk I'nclllc nl
Itlvern is approximately Ml.llllil
No Lot  More  Than  Four Blocks
From Main Street
ta A lew splemliilly located   hiismrs*.    |ol«   nrn   available   on
IK       ll.ui, si reel, ami iiu First, H I   ami   I'lu i,I    Avenuen,   rlglil
w      in Hu* iiusini'ss ilistrict nl Hivers.     No business  ur roaiilcnlinl
lul in llie Imvnsile is mora limn (our blocks   trom Main Slreel
Easy Monthly Payments
These Orand Trunk Pacific lots in the townsite ol [livers are
offered upon the payment ol one-lenlli of the purchase price with
application am) tin- remainder in nine equal monthly Installments, nr n discount of live per cent will he allowed tor full
rash payment. No interest and no taxes to he paid hy the pur
chaser until 11)13. All payments are to he made direct la the
Land Commissioner ol lhe Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, nnd
upon lhe completion ol payments perfect Mile will he issued liy
this railway. For further information relative to this olTei'li»K
of close-in'lol s in Hivers, write
237-243 Somerset Building, Winnipeg, Man.
Nelson's Leading Hole!
11,1,11,1.* witli Until*..     'I'll!
everv room
Uailier Shop on the premises.
Thoroughly up-to-date,
Rates, $2.00 a day and up.
GEO. P. WKI.l.s, Proprietor
11. TOM KIN, Manager
Chop  Susy   Noodle
A Quick Heal and. 0*m) Meal
Somerset Building, Winnipeg, Man.
Ksclnsivi* Representatives for the sale ot Rivers l.uts in
Cranbrook and I'isiiid.
Who will   In'   pli-asnl   tu   fiiriiibh   complete utfotiimUcu
upon request.
r.ti.iMi'f trader! throughout tho world
to coraniunloAle direct with   RnglUh
in each i-lmit of goodi. Besides being
a complete commerelal guide to Lon-
don ami iu suburb*, the directory
contains lists uf
witli the Goods  thoyship, a ndthc
Colonial mnl   Foreign  Markets tliey
,ir>;ui-ji*il under lhe Ports lo which they
•tail, uml Indicating lhe approximate
of Ifiuliiu; Manufacturers, Merchauta,
etc., In the principal provincial towns
nml Industrial centres of the United
A copy o( tlit> current edition will be
fonrardedt freight paid, on receipt of
Postal Order for 20*.
Dealer! seeking Agencies can adrer*-
tlse their trade catds lot 30a., or largre
advertisements from .ms
The London Directory Co., Ltd.
25 4 hi hurt, h tune. London,
«      INSTRUMENTS      *
* . »
4*    Dim t imv express or duly -
., on Sheet Muslo nr Mnilcol
Instruments    when   I   can*
■apply you witli liVBItV- •
* THIXa ill tho Musienl Line »
4 at prices which cannot Ih. *
« beaten, Anywhere. ,*,
4 Year's of musical cxper- *,
■at iencu have   enabled  mo to »
* cater   to   a     music-loving a>
*, public.
It You are n
Music Student
Singing Teacher
Choir Lender er
Concert Singer
cry wnnt
I mil supply v	
TAKK NOTICE! that I, .lolin J.
Johnston, of Fort Steele, B. t\, occupation Farmer, intend lo apply tor
permission lo purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at
the north-east corner of Lot No.
810C; thenco 20 chains east, thenco
io chains south, thence 20 chains
west, thence 40 chains north to place
of commencement,
John .1. .Johnston.
Dated February 7th, Illl.   52-lf
ii.tr •
TAKK NOTICK Uiul 1, Harry .s.
Claniblo. uf Kimberley, B. C, occupation, .Mine Foreman, intend to apply fur permission tu purchase Uie
following described lands:
I.rgiuniug al a   post pluuti-tl      on
north boundary of Lot 2013, and   un
west boundary of Timber License .Nu.
21-133, thence north thirty-five ehuins
ami forty-Six ImKs  (35.46) to southern   boundary  uf Lot   "im,,   thenco
westerly flvo chains and twenty links
(5.20) along southern boundary     of
Lot HtMi,   thenco   south-westerly Alteon chains and fifty links (16,50) following Un:   eastern boundary of   tlie
Umpire  Mineral claim; thenco north'
westerly nineteen ehains and fifty-live
links, following southern boundary of
Kmpire    Mineral claim to the N. K.
corner of Lol 3012; thenco following
nut   boundary of Lot 8012 twenty
two   chains mnl seventy three links
(22.73)    to the s. K. corner ol Lot
;inij, thenco westerly, following sou
Ihem   boundary   of    Lol   ;'"i- four
chains   anil leu     links (1.10), theiin-
eastorly, following northern boundary
if Lot 2032 eight chains (8.00)     to
real   boundary  of    Comet   Mineral
Inlin;    thenco   northerly   following
test   boundary  of    Cornel   Mineral
I.nni nine    chains   (O.flfl) lo  N. W.
orncr of same; thenco easterly   following tin' norlh boundary of Comet
Minrlai claim twenty two ehains and
ly-lliree   links (22.73) lo      lhe
N. K. corner of   same; llieuir south*
eily following easl boundary ol I'om-
Mlneral    claim twenty-two ehains
uml Rpvrnty-thrcc links lo tbe s. K
run of .same;   thence easterly   fol«
lt.',\iii!*; northern   boundary of     tho
Mlspall   Mineral   claim flvo      ehains
1(5.00) to west boundary of f.ot 20-13;
llienre    northerly      following   west
ihoimtlaiy of   Lot 201.1   twelve ehains
(12.00) lo tbe V W. corner ol same;
I thenee     easterly   follow iiu-,   northern
|boundary or  Ltd   2043 twelve chains
[and five links (12.05) to plnco       of
I beginning,   containing    eighty-three
ncrel (H3.00) more or less.
j Harry s. (Hroble,
Dated March 15th, Illl, l fit
Any available Dominion Lau-ls
within the Railway Belt in British
roliiinlii.i, may be homesteailcd by
any person whu is the sole huad of a
family, or any mule over Iti years of
age, to the extent of one quarli-i
section of KiO acres, more or less.
Entry must be made personally at
the local land otltee for lhu district
in which the land is situate. Entry
by proxy may, however, bu made ou
eertain conditions by tbe father,
mother, son, daughter, brother or
sister of au intending homesteader.
The homesteader is required to per-
for, thc conditions connected therewith under oue ol the following
(1). At least sis months' resideneu
upou and cultivation of the land iu
each year for three years.
(2). If the father (ur mother, il
the father is deceased), of thn
homesteader resides upon a farm in
tbe vicinity of the land entered lor,
tbe requirements as to residence may
he satisfied by such person resldlug
with the father or mother.
(3). If the settler lias his permanent residence upon farming I,unl owned by him in the vicinity of his
homestead, the rctpiircinents as to
residence may lie satisfied by rosld-
nhv upon tlio said laud.
Six    montlis'     notice    in    writing
slioulil he given to tho Commissioner of Dominion Lands at Ottawa ot
Intention to apply (or patent.
COAL.—-Coal mining lights may tm
Ir.is.'il for ii period of Lwenly-oiiu
yenrs nt an annual rental of (1 per
acre. Not more than 2,570 acres
shall he leased lo one Individual or
company. A royalty ut the rate of
live MRU l»'t ton sliall he Collected
ou tbe merchantable eoal mined,
Deputy of tbe Minister   of   the   Interior. ai.l-a.lit
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦.>♦♦♦
f-       200 Tone Good Slough t
in    Northern   Alberta, t
A. 0, SIIAKICKI-Y,    ♦
2-Jt t
.l-EOt m:....hh.,:, MH.m; THK   aJ.tA.NI.lf.ODK    11 KHALI)
,or us, tbe worst 1 fear, will coiflo
ami that at no dlstnnl ilaj." Ills
private letters lo the Lord Ore) ol
the porlod who was at tin- colonial
olliic contain many observations tn
the same effect; indeed, from in si in
last throughoul that critical time
Lord Elgin's recipe for ilissi|iaiinn
tho annexation movemenl was thli.
(p. (Uj: "As   regards   these colonies
, to the Stoles, that they may nol
have cause for dissatisfaction     when
: they coni rust their own condition
wilh lhat of Ihelr neighbors." Or as
he says in another place (p 102)
"Vou have a great opportunity beforo you. Obtain reciprocity for ua
and I venture to predict that you
will he able shortly to pnlnl to this
hitherto turbulciil colon) with sails
faction, in Illustration of the 'cn
demy of self-government and freedom
of trade to begel contentment and
material progress "
It may In- well to so) tbal Lord
Elgin was not a confirmed [ut trader. Iir did not by anv means believe in all thai Peel ami Cobden
contended for, hut was quite certain
that closer commercial intercourse
hei ween Canada and the .Stales
would redound to the advantage of
Canada, Hy a happy chance it fell
lo him to .secure lhe treaty of 1851
after years of fruitless endeavor ou
the part of others. That treaty,
amongst other things, as has already
been pointed out by The Citizen,
provided for the free interchange of
natural products, lish included, and iu
ope was not unlike the
presenl privilege of trading freely
iu the money markets and th e United Slates and remain loyal, why cannot a farmer sell bis wheat in the
free market of lhe United Slates and
remain loyal?
They have undertaken lo tiilvise the
people, let them justify their advice
ou the grounds of reason.
.•'rank Cockslmtt.
Frank Cockshull, the well known
itranifoid, out., manufacturer, con-
trilmlcs the following lo thu reciprocity discussion:
To'the Editor of The Globe: As a
humble business iiiiiii, uud iii my Individual capacity only, 1 would like
lo express tlisagieeineiil wilh the attitude of manv business men and
boards or trade upon the reciprocity
question ami lo a (Inn my opinion
that free hade with llie United
Stales iu natural products will be
of very great material advantage lo
this country, M .seems to me also
Ihal il is very unfortunate thai one
may uot be allowed lu express au
opinion withoui being open lo Uncharge of "disloyalty," or at least,
of supporting disloyal measures.
The ultra Imperialists are carrying
this unreasonable charge to sucb
lengths iu the present reciprocity discussion as to lead men like myself,
who earnest ly desi re t o maint a in
Hritish connection ami yet approve
of reciprocity, to resent their unjust
and ungenerous imputations. This
is' my chief reason [or asking a little
space in The Olohc.
Our position can he supported by
reason and historic fact, and we ask
no quarter on this ground, hut      we
do protest against baseless anil fool- aPC(*mcnt» the BcU,er wil1 be rendcr-
isl, misrepresentations Impeaching H so prosperous Uiat nothing can
our patriotism. Loyalty to the !sluP uim (rom rU8hin8 lo amwaattim
Hritish empire is founded on two ,in ordOT to t,ni°>' a tuUw a,ld moro
main principles, (j) The sentiment Permanent measure of trade with the
of respect and affection to the    land   Americans.
that gave us being. (2) The liberty | Oiheta, holding the opposite view,
to govern our country and develop .**)' lllat *h« Pteaent reciprocity, like
its resources in our own wav.
Loyalty of Canadian
Not Dependent Upon Maintenance
of U. S. Tarif on Canadian
Wheat and Cattle
• lhat of 1851, will certainly improve
the condition of the great natural industries, agriculture included, but by
Reciprocity With   the United States
violates neither   ol   these principles,
and   the    material     strength which  so doing will render the people
Canada gains     from   enlarged trade   large better satisfied   with Canadian
will iu that degree add lo the power   Institutions    rather   than less satis-
of the empire.
As an offset to thc most
serious movement in favor of annexation to tbe United States, which
there has ever been hi Canada—that
of 1819—Lord Klgln. a greal Imperial statesman, proposed certain relief
measures, including reciprocity, and
wrote to the home governmeiil advising that if Ihey hoped "to keep the
colonies" to repeal thc navigation
laws and to allow them "to turn lo
tbe best possible account their eon
tlgUity to lhe Stalls, that they
might not have cause Tor dissatisfaction, when thev contrasted their own
condition with itt.it ol their neighbors."
Lord Elgin went hlmsrll Iji Washington, and hy the pserclse ol great
diplomatic skill Heeured a reciprocity
treaty which extended dom ts'.l lo
lftTili Canada remained boal during
its term Moreover, when tlie l nited States in ISfih roughlj cancelled
the treaty Canada remained unshaken
Now, while Lord Klgln In 1851 ofa
taiueil reciprocity in ordei lo avert
annexation some eminent men and
Important boards in IOU advise
against reciproeltj toi ft-.n of annex
at ion The soundness ol l-"id Rl
gin's Judgment is eon firmed hy thc
fads of history, whereas ihe present
advice is nhstrni t  speculation
Reciprocit] is a business question
not Involving political relations, and
In the   present   reciprocity controversy some public men on both, shies ' its general
of polities go so far as to suggest Flclding-Knox agreement of today.
tbat the loyalty of the Canadian'it was abrogated hy congress in
west is dependent on tbe maintenance J I860 on various grounds, really be-
by the United States of the present cause England and tho United stat-
high duties on Canadian wheal and es, in consequence ol differences, lhat
cattle. That is to.say, they eon- J had arisen during the American civil
tend that if those duties are repeal- war, bad ceased to he friends. But
ed, as proposed by tbe Flelding-Knox (before tbal happened the Canadian
government in a report of council
(Feb. Ill, 1805) entreated the Imper
ial ministry, to leave uo stone unturned "to avert wliat would bo generally regarded by the people of
Canada as a great calamity." This
report, probably drafted by Sir John
Macdonald or Gait, went on lo say
that "it would he impossible to express in fign'res, with any approach
to accuracy, the extent to which the
facilities of commercial intercourse
created by the reciprocity treaty
have contributed to tho wealth and
prosperity of this province; and it
would be difficult to exaggerate Unimportance which the people of Canada attach to the continued enjoyment of these facilities." Then, turning back to the events ot 18-10, Unreport proceeds: "Nor is the subject
entirely devoid of political significance. Under the beneficial operation ot the system of self-government, which the later policy of the
mother country has accorded to Canada, iu common with the other colonies possessing representative In
stftutiona, combined with the ad
vantages secured hy the reciprocity
treaty of an unrestricted commerce
with our nearest neighbors in the
natural productions of tho two countries, all agitation   for organic clian
lied; so that instead of an agitation
for political union in the wesl wc
sliall   find     the settler   starling his
iprlng work with greater energy and
more faith than ever in the future of
the Dominion as a self-governing
British community.
This conflict ot opinion on so grave
a subject ean Im* decided, according
to the Ottawa Citizen to the satisfaction td most intelligent men by
further reference to the history of
the reciprocity treaty of 1851.
We all know that a formidable annexation movement displayed itself in
Montreal in 1810. It was brought
about hy the dislocation of Canadian
oinmerce resulting from England's
abandonment of ihe old imperial preferential pollcj and her adoption
with the
tree trade       Our merchants found ii   gCS    ha
difficult for tho tune being to   compete iu the Hritish market  with the
exports of lhe   older nations, whilst   •>&."
OUr ian   products were shut out       of
the American market hy duties running U high as 30 per cent. The man
ifesto, signed by influential men of
all shades ol opinion, advocated au
luxation prrnclpall) on tbe ground
that in no other wav could we Ob
tain closet commercial relations with
the United states, numerous diplomatic and legislative efforts to secure reciprocity having completely
Reciprocity     was sought by Cana
dun-, a-, early as IMS and a verv  re-
ceased—all dissatisfaction
existing political relations
f the province has wholly disappear
trade   with ihe United   markabto   petition   from   the Uppei
The council were sine that if the
treaty was abrogated the loyalty nl
the Canadian people to their sovereign would not he diminished iu the
slightest degree; still, as they said,
"they think they cannol err iu di
reeling ihe attention of thc enlight
eneil men who wield the destinies" of
tbfl empire "to the connection which
is usually found to exist between the
material prospcrltj ami the political
contentment of a community, tor In
doing so they feel they are appealing
to the highest motives that ean
actuate patriotic statesmen—the desire to perpetuate a Dominion founded on the affectionate allegiance of a
prosperous and contented people."
Instead then of precipitating annexation the reciprocity of 1N51
warded H off. as Lord Elgin had
foreseen, It was for tins reason
probably that Sir John Macdonald, a
duets re-established.
It will not do lo say that we have
'outgrown the need of such a measure- Our exports of natural pro-
duets to the   United Stales are only
A Canadian's Letter lo the Standard
nl Empire un Reciprocity
II   In*
aril, «
Hi.* trull
i,l    il..*
il Ilu*
> I-
Iml I,
hiilrri! 1
siuirs in natural products in mime jraniula legislature was Inn) belore
limn is Inevitable, anil tbal In Ilu* I tho British Imus,* ,*( commons in
iirai Innii.* li .il an* iiiu.- Jlif 1136; lor, straw as it may appeal
I nllcd States should make «brat to tho modern Imperial preferential.
ami innii* in*,* ni duty, what could 1st, the policy ol imperial preference,
Canada ii** In *••" protection but toi in operation down to tsm oi there
I,,w suit aliinils. bore   liurd in many respects
It is unreasonable ol Canadians in upon iln* Canadian (armor. Tn IMI
assume a position m* such arrogant the imtlinmriit of Un* province ol
m*ii sniliinn. i iis    in  pretend to in   Canada lowered lis dutlea on Amerl- j
,„,,,* the changes ol  opinion on eco- can and mis,*,! them nn Hritish   lac *•*•», *»» *'l»"vs •"""""» '" slr   ""'
nnmlc  siiiijrris    which   ara   taking llory goods, nnd In 1819 passed     m,  tr.-aty   revived    or   tho  tno inter
place  amongst   our   neighbors; n Is'act providing lor the tree admission  <*«»«• '■' "™°J°™ "' "n,"r"1 1,r,r
11111*1    statesmanship   to shape nur ol Amortcan wheat and other hieail-,
policy sn   ns    to tnke  advantage ot slutls,   vegetables,    (mils, animals, |
ilii'in. [butler, cheese,   meats, lumlier, etc.,
Tho proposed reciprocity pail is in 'whenever like uilicles Ihe produce "1
iis innii nnd terms remnrk.ihly tree Canada were admitted free into ilu*
linm objections Irom the Canadian United stales. II fish was not second in volume to nur exports lo
standpoint, espcclallj In respecl Jp mentioned ii »as because the s™ ! Britain; and as sir .lohn used in pul
ilu* unrestrained libert) to •' te board provinces were then separate it, u we have two tree markets lulls provisions In cnao ol di*i»alislat- political entitles, bavin**; nothing iu stead ni nne tn sell to, it stands in
linn, which H reserves lo us. common with thc province ol Canada 'reason wo sliall bo jusl that     much
Why, iu the name ol common sense, save the Hag.    Meanwhile the British better oft.    And, wilh all respecl tot
slioulil wo nm accept Hn* commercial  minister at Washington had been la-  tliosc*   who think otherwise, il seems
privileges now altered, which will «o .liming hard (nr reciprocity, bul   bis  «„ •■»•„,   citlicn to follow as an irn*
■■really stimulate production, extend and    uur  oilers and representations ilstlhlc conclusion that our Increased
nuimeire ami promote the prosperity 'were seemingly „l no avail. 'prosperity will bring about a staunch-
How serious the situation was ap- rr and more generous loyally lo
pears Irom Walrond's l.i-ttirs uuil <-anuiiii ami Im <!r,-a1 Britain, espec-
.Iniiriiuls nl Lord Klgln, the govor- |a||y among those new races and
not-general. "How lung," his turd- peoples from various parts ol the
ship asks, "can such a state of mrtli who arc Docking by lens and
lliings In* expected to endure''" and hundreds of thousands Into lhe Cana
he answers the question thus: "I am duin West,
confident I could carry Canada     un-1 .
scathed through all these evils     of I
transition and place thc connection | John \V. Siekelsmith, Oreinsliorn,
on n surer foundation than ever, 11 I |\i , has three children, and like
could only lell the people of the prov- must children tliey Ireqtienlly lake
ime that, as regards the conditions cold. "We have tried several kinds
nl niateriul prosperity, tliey would ol cough medicine," lie says, "but
he raised tn a level with their neigh- have never found any yel that did
bora, But If this be not achieved, them as much good as Chamberlain's
II tree navigation and rccipiocat Cough Remedy." Kor sale by uil
liade with tbe llaliu, be not secured dealers. 4-tt
Si I
ferent comments
ciprocity niianui'i
Canadian nml   in
Ills   US   to   Illl*   I
ilu* several locnlll
I'lllllli'llts,    iii
thej bring fn
these obji
iiitry     mo
still       \ m,
Iii*i*ii    I akeii
fruil industry in lirlti
ami tin* British Coluuiliii
have spent a meat H,.il
Bending over  exhibits ni
formed here tor tin
ils iii Unit illsll
genera]   would
[toin Ilu* newspaper
blecllon    that is taken
men in Canada In Iln* lei
proposed agreement,    Ihi
country   would go Io the
agreemenl Is nllowed lo i
allows United     States fr
lice Ilu* Canadian lerrlti
The protest ol lhe fruil
Uie Niagara district stall
there Which is now wot
iliiiij per acre, would nol bu
£20 il tin* scheme goes through
Uu: United States fruit iniluslri
proliilc anil able to occupy
Canadian markel, it is a wonder that
the Americans, with their great record [nr push, have mil already fully
supplied this country, which is open
all countries im' tin- Importation
oi llieir produce, A shorl lime ago
1 believe tin- Canadian Iruit growers
iu Uu* Niagara Kails dislriel sent
over to 1 lii*s country Severn! Hum*
suml boxes nf peaches, whieli were
lagerly bought up, ami realized
something like 8s. per box, containing about twenty peaches. Surely, if
such fruil was a gltil in llie United
States market, and could In* snld in
Canada under the new agreement, it
uld    have   found a markel in Ihis
country   for Ibnl     snim* c inmliiy.
but it seems thai llieir home con
sumption takes caro of iln* supply,
and wc iu Kngland gel mine.
In regard In lhe British Columbia
Iruit industry, 1 have heforc me some
clippings frnm some publications
which arc vouched fnr liy the hesl
authorities, giving evidence ol the
prosperity ul the United Stales (rail
[rowers in tbo North-Wcstern Slates,
ihowing clearly that tbey nn* already
most prosperous, .mil yet they have
had to rely mi their own markets lor
the   consiunpii .[ Iheir produce.
Surely the Canndians, with similar
conditions, the soil being ol equal
fertility, should he able to make as
good a showing, and they .would
have the advantage, moreover, nf
Iheir first cost being very much less
Lands iu the Inileil Slates suitable fm fruit growing arc selling al
frnm Clin tn £000 per acre. In facl,
in Yakima. Washington, fruit growing lands have snld as high as £800
per aire. 'I'lu* Vtncrlcnn, therefore,
has tn provide for the interest nu
this investment before making a prn-
fit nn his produce; while the Canadian Iruit grower, especially In the
Kootenay and other llritisb Columbia districts, if In* exercises proper
precautions ami buys his fruit lands
from tin* proper people, can secure
thc choicest fruit lands, and fully
equal tn the Untied Slates lands
both as In productiveness and (acuities for transport at an original cosl
nf frnm till in £30 per ocre.
(II rntirse, the United States farmers in some districts have hud some
years start, and their orchards arc
older, and, consequently, produce
more In lhe am*, hut time soon
overcomes ills condition, ami u iar-
mer makes his orchard productive in
five years. Il Increases each yeai
very rapidly, ami l.y llic eighth 01
tenth year it is generally iu lull
hearing slate. In tin* meantime, lnr
the first live years, Ihe farmer    can
iippnrt hiinsell up* ii Un* products
he raises while cultivating and planting his orchard, lie has plenty nl
pasture fur a cow, am! enough [nml
lur his pins, and ..in raise chickens
very cheaply, s,. that lie can raise almost sufficient In keep him In the
first year, ami with '.-ry small init
the Faultless Flour—is one
prime essential for making perfect bread. With
ordinary care you can
always have a nooil loaf
if you use SEAL OK ALBERTA flour.
But of course it would
be foolish for us to say-
that there are not other
factors in the making of
good bread. If you seek
for perfection and uniformity you must seek to
control the temperature.
A good baker will determine the temperature of
his flour, then uie sufficient warm water to raise
the whole dough mass tn the dtsired
point. He will then seek to control
the temperature during the time
the  bread  is  rising, for temperature
_      49 LBS.
is one of the greatest
factors in the securing of
absolutely uniform results
even from so excellent
a flour as SEAL OK
But there arc times
when do what you may
you cannot have everything exactly right. Then
you must depend upon
the quality of your flour,
is more carefully made,
more absolutely uniform -
and because it is a known,
definite flour, you will always get better results
with it under adverse conditions, than you would
with any other flour. There is reason
in this argument, and you can prove
it by a constant use of SEAL OF
ALBERTA flour.
ial on liny—say tluu or £600—buj
Ills iiiiiii, build a shack, stoek it, ami
li.in* sullieient left In keep him until
his orchard becomes a rcmuneralivu
This is un advertisement, bill the
opinions ni a Canadian wlm was horn
in Canada, and actively engaged in
business which gave him a thorough
knowledge nf the whole country from
the Atlantic In the 1'iirilii*, and
ihould, therefore, he tu a position to
I am, etc ,
SIR EDMUND WALKER,  C.V.O., LL.D.. D.C.L.. President
ALEXANDER LAIRD, Gene««l M»naoer
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 REST, - $7,000,000
Kvery branch of Tlie Canadian Bank of Commerce is equipped lo issue drafti on
the principal cities in Uie following countries wiihout del*
■■s-.it, Africa
Arabia Cuba HotUaJ
Argentina Rcjnjb.;.- Dnunufc Icebad
Auttralia I'tM't InJi.i
Aintria-IIuagary    Kara* ItlanJt lir:.,. J
ll.-lt.-i.! in Finland Ital)
Hi,uil Fortnon ljp.,i
,',.Jon Fr'diCodOnCli ■.. Malta
i'liili Germany Mancbai
China Great Britain Moi i
The amount of these drafts Is staled in lhe money of Ibecounlrj where thej are payable) thnt is they aro drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
tacts, roubles, etc., •»•* the case may be. 1 ii** ensures Ihal the p.i»p«? abroad will
receive iliv.* actual amount iot-.-ii.led.' 233
rl. r.Brymtier. .Manager Cranbrook Branch
P Sir..I. Sa-ltlroi.-i.lt
i      ,v ><■ ladanda   s*»rJa-.i
1    |  , Sirittei iml
K    mom* Turkej
k i« a L'nhw St^it-.
Serria t'nifua)
Sum Wial InJ.r*, rt,'.
se Marks
CopvmrjHra &c.
ftnfnne urn-lliis nutttirt, uiul iW:. j '.ion mr*-
qnlaslf atserUln <*nr "I'mi-.n iron »v...*t.n.*r »j
ii-vfiiMiiti Ir in"' -I'.ly i-.n.-iiti-Mn.   i ■ 'i.tiiii-,' ■ *
UousatnotlfeDti uj I. ilAHOBOOl*. u« t'au-i.t*
aunt truo. Qlmt SB y tmWSnuit Wttttits,
I'ntento lakcii tl.ruuuh Blumi A I'd. rseslVS
tp.titttr'ttUr, wit hunt cUrae. luthti
Scientific Httiericatt
A hanftsimiiy Mmttstsil wit-v-iy.   Lars**) etr
lllalluti  t-t   mir   K-irinitia-   jitiniirtl.     I pi ma   1,1
r.tiiiiU. i-l-l.. ix ynu, i«»t«u.B |>fi*,uM.    >«:.l i|
nil nt«Wi-*l'T».
MUMIC Co.""—«• New Yarfc
Ilraoct) Ullk-Q. iW V ft, V.'mtiiiiiiivti, |. U.
*********      *********************************
Airily., the Bent Quality anil
ttiiick Service. HukinraaMvii't
Lunch.   Utwn Day ami Night.
.1. SAKAIIl ,111. PROP,
a> SANITARY   *.   v * *
II        llra.l.
P. 0.   BOX 831
lilgli.Dil Lo»
I'r.-Hi.- *M.nniH***ilili*/
t.i Sy
♦♦♦♦•»♦♦♦♦*♦ **********************************
BI .-•   nd Baba al
-* at, tna
Wntilatlag sv.tnii
Hot lV„;.i >.v.t.iiJ
nl r.uiail.i
1 believe Hint llie rxlrniiiilimiiy
wave uf ii|i|insitiiiii, uml unsupported
liv argument on tho part nl Ihoso
wlm slioulil exrri-lse nml judgment on
n business question, will sumi upend
Itself, uml Ilu* common sense ot the
lirople ilse iilime all prejudice nml
scitional lecllng, and nl leasl eoiisid
it Hie subject, ou Ils merlin.
In Hie meantime In order to call
back the Ihoiuhl of tbe people to
leusoiuiblc discussion I inosl respect
lull)* mihucsi    thai tl"' groat '""'"
a i a -1 .***- lit Toronto ciillilcsri-lld   lo      re
plr In lhe criticism   In Mr, l.arkln'i
brief    Idler     of   0 few    dnys agl
iianiel),   if   a llnanclcr  can  use his
Baldwin & Lancaster:
Coiitiartrttsforallkiiiilflof Cellar
Work,  Cesspools,  FottmUUont,
Well-,   Pipe    l.ayiitjf   ami anj
work ot that ilescription.
Wooiieti Pipe Laying
TK1IMH  HKlSi-M!'*:K
', ADDRESS: P.O. BOX 142 CMMR00K, B.C.
Narvoot Exhaustion
Indigestion, Heartburn, Dyspepsia and Constipation result more
often from nervous exhaustion
than from food. Dieting or pill-:
will not avail. The only remedy is
nerve repair. "Asaya-Nki-
kau." is and makes possible this
enre. It feeds the nerves, induct*
sleep, quickens the appetite and
digestion, and these disorders disappear, $1.50 per bottle. Obtain
from the local agent.
Here's a Snap.
Good   For  One  Week  Only.
! *   5  Roomed Collage  and 2   Lois,     Waler in
'i   Terms   Can   Be   Arranged.       If   yon   are
interested   see
********************** **********************
Used Every Day In The Week
our iii-uls will put good reil
i-fidl iti your veins ami
muscle on your frame. You'll
enjoy the eating of them too.
for (hey are from the choicest
st icfe and are hang just long
enough to make them perfect. Try some to-day and
you'll b» sorry you didn't try
them ln-fore.
P. BURNS 4 CO., Ltd.
Lot us give yon the benefit of '.»r '!■', year's experience in
the I'aintitiK and Decorating business
P. O. llox .«
B.   H.   SHORT
The Painter nnd Utcuralor
Armstrnnic Aae.
Phone in    S
A  Good  Home
Is what is dear to every num. A home
is where Peace, Comfort, Contentment,
and Plenty is found. That is the reason
mon throughout British Columbia, when
"Crnnbroos*is mentioned think ol the
provisions Jos. Brault has made for an
ideal home al tlie
Canadian Hotel
', ********************************************
loeorportted lsnn
Cnpital PaiJ Vp ^ti,200,000 Reserve $6,-0OO,O-fiO
Total Assets, Over Sqs.ooo.wio
11   S. llol.T. l'n-»i.lfnt       V.L. PHASE, 'ietifrtl Mmnmer
A ints ol Firms, Corporation! and [ndlvlduali lolictled.
Out •■( lown builnesi rteelvei svery attsntlon.
BAVINOfi DKPARTMBNT   DspoilUol f 1*00 sad a run nil reeelvtd
uuil Interssl sllowed at enrrsnt rate   Ko formality or delay "t
A 1 Ieneral Ranking Bastnesstraoiacted.
Cranbrook Branch: D. D. McLAWS. M«nautr
************ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•1 I
By the Herald   Publishing Company,
K. J* Deane, Managing Editor,
CKANBKOOK, B. C, March lb,
Herald a
ml ii ins
i.i Uie
ul  (lie
I lial
of t'niHUi
This issue ol lli
siiinewhat lengthy
reel p roc! I y questloi:
does not wish in dr
attention tt. this
same time il reeogni;
sue has been raised o[
portanco to the peopli
and il feels n lo bo its dut) to
keep iis readers carefully informed
as lo ihi' progress of the discussion.
In this Issue wc publish lengthy extracts from Sil Wilfrid Laurier's
and Hon Win. Templeman's speeches,
as well as a reproduction -f lhe
Nelson News' reporl of Mr Good-
eve's speech, all of which we believe
t<> in' of spctiai Interest to oui readers, We regrel thai limitations ol
space prevent anything like a mil rp
porl ol Sn Wilfrid Laurier's greal
Rpeech, However, siilBt'lenl is given
to indicate liis line of argumenl and
Ol    Uil
rlv demonstrate thi'
Liberal party uiih r
autonomy and rplnlii
iard io
in regard lo ihis latter aspect <>i
' ilu question, the London Times
says editorially:
"Wc cannol tell how lar the sporadically raised cry of annexation Is Influencing Canadian opinion, Imt there
is no reason to suppose Ihal the reciprocity agreemenl would1 produce
anv tendency in thai direction On
the contrary, bargaining on equal
terms wilh lhe I'nited Stairs might
tend to fosti-i rnthei llinn diminish
tin- self rei lance ami Independence uf
thi' Canadian people "
Mulish Columbia, as ll will enlarge
the market Un its lumbei, coal, lish
and minerals U will also cheapen
iln- inst of luoilsunis brought Into
Canada from the United Stales and
thus cut down the cost ol living,
whieh is a .serious consideration in
these days.
The country is to bo congratulated
on the fact ihal ,a reciprocal arrangement 1ms been reached."
One of the most Interesting of re
cent statements in referelico lo reciprocity was lhat made hy president
Taft last Saturday night before the
Southern Commercial Congress at
Atlanta, when lie said thai he had
authorized the secretary of state and
his commissioners lo make a direct
offer of free trade to Canada. This
olTer ffie Canadian commissioners
have been unable to accept, Another
public utterance on this same question of almost equal interest, was
thai oi' Hun K (.'. Ilaull.iin, Conservative leader in Saskatchewan,
who seconded a resolution in tho
Saskatchewan legislature, heartily
endorsing the reciprocity ngreoment,
which carried unanimously. Mr. Haul-
tain lias occupied a position of great
eminence In tbi* Tor) ranks for many
years. Up has been spoken ol as a
prospective leader of the party. He
s a western man and knows lhe
irevalenl sentiment of the west on
bis question, The Tory press will
nol give quite so much prominence
Mr Haultaln's views as it has
seen lit to give to those of Clifford
Sifton, none the less Mr. Ilaultaln
mill quite recently was boomed by
the same Tory press as one uf, if
nut tin- greatest, great political
leaders of the west.
As member foi   tin- vast Kooten
district  in ihe Dominion parliament, I noipltal,
Mr   a. S   Goodeve mighl  reusonnbl) j
have been expected to give very earn
est consideration to iln- probable ef
feels, good, bad, oi indifferent,      or
lhe  proposed    reciprocity agreement
upon   thc great  territory foi    which
lie acts   as spokesman in ihe national council.     Wt  lind, howcvci, rrom
ibe report of his speech in Ibe house,
as   published in his patty organ, the
Nelson News, that Mi   (I leve look
an entirely narrow pnrtfsan view   ui
the       ease ami        in       lieu        oi
well      reasoned        arguments      oi
support        of       bis
Sundays— Low mass at 8.30 a.m..
nigli mass, 1 IJ.30 a.m.; Sunday school
from 2 to 3 p.m.; Rosary and Benediction at 7.90 p.m.
Mondays and holy d*yi of obitgt-
tio-n—Mass at 8 a.m.
Week   days—M»t« at 6 am   at tbe
Kather Plamondon,
Pact* Priest.
March Mltli.
satisfied himself with vague Innuendoes. Mr. (1 leve musl  have known
lhat his denunciation nl the recipro
uly agreemenl could imt have voiced
Hn- views of his constituents in lhe
Crows S'csi, a section nl the Kootenay district that stands to benefil
enormously hv ihe reciprocity agree
ment He musl have been equally
well aware that Ins wews did not
represent those of the great army ol
lumbermen, who make up so targe a
proportion of lus constituents. In
facl in such reference as ho did make
to ibe I her Industry, Mr. Good-
eve displayed   grave Ignorance as   to
Die Situation       So far  as  the    fruil
Industrj is concerned Mr Ooodovc,
apparently) had verj little to say,
and yel that is a phase of lhe qucs
tion uf verj special import We have
to assume lhat the Nelson News pui
the    hesi     reporl     available uf Mi
fl Icve's   speech before its readers,
and, in fairness tu him. we reproduce
ilial report in full, ai tin- same lime,
we cannot but think tbat when    the
lime  ('Utiles  fill    Ml     (i lele   lu      r\
plain his course to bis Kootenay constituents, he will wish thai le had
taken greater pains lu prepare him
self, before committing the electors
of Kootenay to such rubbishy arguments on a topic uf the deepest concern to every Canadian citizen, and
particularly io the greal bulk uf bis
Constituents, who are vitally interested in the consummation of the reciprocity agreemenl
It is quite obvious that Mr. (iuud
eve, in liis remarks on thc reciprocity agreement, completely Ignored
the sentiments of his Rossland sup
purlers as expressed in the editorial
columns of tho Rossland Miner, a
Conservative paper, which commented
This will be Missionary Day all
daj iu the ehurcb and Sunday sehool.
The addresses and the singing will
he in keeping witb this occasion.
Some of thc latest available facts
will he presented regarding tlie mis-
contentions,   nion field in the address at the even
ing service, entitled: "The Victory of
the Gospel."
This will be based upon the one
thousand dollar pri/e missionary cany, lately a wanted   by    Morgan and
J.Scott, tho noted publishers in England, lo the Kev. Dr. I.illcv, and
Rev, Kdgnr William Davies.
A special Invitation is given to
young men to attend this service.
Monday.—Temperance entertainment. Lantern views. Admission to
all ten cents. Recitations and
gramaphonc selections.
j Tuesday —Epworth League. Literary and .social evening.
I   Thursday,—Devotional hour at 8,
]   Kriday.—Choir  practice at s.
i The Rev. Mr. Morgan, missionary
from China, wilt visit us on lhe 30th
■ of this month, aud will give a talk
upon our work in that land. The men
of the    church    will give a concert
.shortly, and    the ladies   will supply
jibe pies for the social tbat will follow
"Mighty to Save aud to Keep," is
tiie morning theme; and for tbe even
ing, ".Some of SI. Patrick's Practical Principles," hy ibe pastor, Rev,
Charles W. King. Services, II a.m.
aud 7.30 p.m Hible study session
with I'hilethea and Raraca classes
for young people, 3 p.m.
| Mid-week meeting for prayer and
praise, Wednesday, 8 p.m.
A cordial Christian welcome to all.
And PIG PILLS do not agree
headache disappears after one or two
follows   on the    proposed ar    doses of FIG PILLS  They tone    up
rangemeiit between   Canada and   the   the stomach and    cure Constipation
Tinted Slntes: 26c, a box.     At leading drug stores
"Nu province   In Canada   will   be   or mailed nn receipt of price hy The
more benefited   bv   reciprocity   than  Fig Pill Co., St. Thomas, Ont.
Taylor Milling and Elevator Co.,
Manufacturers ol the fm is
"Pride of  Alberta"
"Mother's Favorite Flour."
Olllco and Warehouse on C.l'lt. Limits,
West of Freight shcl**.
*********************** *********
To the Mayor and Councillors, Cranhrook, B. C—
Gentlemen !—
We take pleasure in submitting herewith   report with   plans lor
sewerage ot your city.
The design consists of au intercepting main drain llirough the city
along the lowest lying ground, Into which all subsidiary drainage will
discharge, Ihence hy an outfall sewer lo .sewage purification works fully
a mile to the northeast ol the cily limits, where an outlet is obtained
into St. Joseph's creek, where ii crosses the railway through cillverl
The capacity of the drainage system is ample for extension and
growtli to a population of about 15,000 and capable ul taking a reason
able proportion uf surface waler, while the lirst Installation al purification works is good Ior fully 5000 people.
We find that with your excellent system of lanes 20 feel wide, they
work oil! economically aud to advantage, thus saving musl or tbo streets,
including Baker street, from being torn up for sewers and branch connections to buildings. The construction on the lanes behind the business
blocks on Baker street can he carried out quickly in short stretches ami
Will give but little interruption lu 11utile.
The purification aud disposal works consist of (I) a small screen
chamber where lhe sewage is first roughly screened before passing Into
(2) the liquefying or septic tank', This is a cover-in tank ol concrete,
witb necessary steel reinforcing, of dimensions shown ou plan,
having battle walls, sludge pockets, manholes and ail necessary
appliances.     The   liquid effluent     from tbe tank is passed onto (3)    tbe
percolating filter built up
on a concrete floor fill ft.
over the entire surface i
sewage distributors.    Thc
of coarse sized material to a dept
x 50 ft. The lank liquid is sprcat
f this filter hy means of special
effluent from the     percolating   (lite
h    of
i      evenly
r,     which
is already in a high purified state, is finally passed through (I) a
fine-grained finishing filter ol sand, oo it. x HO ft. x :t ft* deep, where
the final stage of ptiification takes place, resulting in an effluent with
a very high degree of purification physically, chemically aud liaelcrlolo-
gieally. A sludge (5) is provided onto which the mineral sludge
which accumulates in the tank can be run periodically for drying out
and final disposal. The filters are arranged so that compartments can be
shut off for surface cleaning, etc., without Interfering with the continuous use ot the works. All byepass pipes, valves, .storm-overflows, etc ,
for the ellicient operation of the works are included.
We submit herewith a carefully prepared schedule giving iu detail
full and explicit description with particulars, costs, etc , all as per accompanying plans.
Size Description Lin.
of Pipe. Depth. Feet. Rate. Amount.     Totals.
15 inch in Cranhrook street   7'ti" 5280 $2.05 $10824.00
15 inch in ShauglmesKy St. and Cranhrook Lane to Harold St  7V 2500   2*05     5135.00
IN inch in Cranhronk Lane aud Oarden Lane to S. Baker Lane   KV 1750   2.55     1108.50
15 inch in South Baker Lane, Fen-
wick L-, Louis .St. and Armstrong L II1
15 inch iu Kdwards St. to Clark 1  a
III inch in Kdwards St. to Van
Ilorne SI  8
8 inch iu Clark L., Louis St., Van
Ilorne St., and Dewar L  *
21511   2.20     1730.00
I Mill   2.15     2150 On
1150    LOS     1897.50
17.50   1.50     2035.00   $31811.00
* inch in Watt Ave. and in Block  s'       8,iO   1.10       880.00
s inch iu Watt Lane  71       000    LOO       006.00
8 inch in   Dewar,   French and Durick
Lanes   7'fi" 1998   1.05     2097.00
ti inch in Hanson, Armstrong, Norbury, Fen wick, Oarden, Burwell
and Lumsden Lanes, Poole and
Martin Ave  7'0" 5901      95     6001.30
8 inch in Kdwards   from Burwell L.
to Martin Ave  D'       832    1.2.1      lOlOOfl   $10378.20
N inch ia French, Durick, Hanson and
Norbury Lanes  8* 2601 1.20 3196.80
i; inch in Fcnwlck and Oarden Lanes.. 7*6" 1332 .95 1265.10
H inch iu Burwell Lane  lfi' Mil; 1.40 932.40      5394.00
li inch iu Clark Lane   N' 271) 1.10       297.00
s inch hi Durick, Hanson, Armstrong
nnd Norbury Lanes   9' 2000 1 50 3000.00
H inch in Oarden, Burwell and South
Baker Lanes   8' 1333 1.40 1866.20
ii inch in South Baker Lane  10' 1040 1.50 1500.00      0723.20
10 inch in North Baker Lane   X' 500    I.lilt 80600
8 inch in North Baker Lane   »' 870   1.50 1305.00
10 inch in    Harold     and Van Home
Lane   8' 730    Mill 1168.00
8 inch   in Van   Home   and   Burwell
Lanes   8' 1210   1.10 1730.00      5009.00
121 concrete manholes complete  70.00 8470.06
7 lampholes in South Baker Lav.' ... 25.00 175.06
Flushing connections   250.60      8805.00
Engineering, legal and   contingencies 68214.00
Id iter cent     0822.00
Total for sewerage system   $75036.00
Liquefying nr septic tank  $   4000.00
Percolating Filter    8000.00
Sand filler     8000.00
Sludge bed        .160 00
Pipes, valves, etc      500.00
Engineering, legal and   contingencies
12 percent    2010.00
Total lor sewage disposal works     19040.00
Total   for sewerage system    and   disposal works  $91,1176.on
It may be, of course, that ymi will desire some modificalion as lu
the extent of the system, viz: more or less than is shown on thr plan.
Tbis can all be adjusted and covered iu tbe Inlaw which ymir honorable
body will prepare.
We are sending on two sets of plans, one being for Ihe provincial
hoard of health at Victoria, which you can forward lo Dr. Fagan, the
director and secretary, as soon as yon have passed uu the matter, as it
is legally incumbent to dn so and receive their approval.
We also enclose herewith a copy nt the bylaw framed to suit your
ease, similar to what was passed here by the council as a local Improvement, .is it mny be interesting and useful for guidance should you adopt
a similar policy.
If there i.s any further   information   desired, bearing on   this   report,
kindly let us know and we shall he only too pleased tu furnish it.
Vours obediently,
.101IX OALT,
Consulting Kngineer fur Oalt and Smith.
Vernon, B.C., 20th .Tilly, 1000.
NOTE!.—In the Estimate ol Cost "Lanes" have been designated hy
the name of street or Avenue immediately to the west or northwest uf
the lane
Joseph Ryan
Real Estate,   Notary Public,
Conveyancing, Deeds,
Contrivcts of every kind
WANTED FOR PURCHASE Conl Lamia hold unite
Lease, Lands hold under Conl I'roauaoling
Licences will nol bo oiitortitincd,
Large niviisof Timber I,amis in any port of
the Province
Raworth Block,
Baker St., Cranbrook.
• • • • •••••  IIMIMIt Im
Say Yes!
and then  sec us for
prices and   styles  of  the
The Hardware Men
, ® ® ® (.> ® ® ® ® Ca) lS> (a) @ ® <*) ("J
: East Kootenay
! Butcher Co. I
 ,___ ®
—■- ®
Dealers In <*-*
Fresh and Cured (j*
Meals. -*-,
Poultry, dame and Fish ®
in Season. i.)
East Kootenay |
Butcher Co. •
<———>——__—_ a*
that thirty days after date, I Intend
to apply to the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and to Ihe Assistant Commissioner ol Lands for the district uf
East Kootenay, for a Uct rise to prospect for coal and petroleum on the
following described land, located on
tho North Port of Michel i'reek, five
mile!, north uf the ('rows Ncsl Pass
iiram-h of the Canadian Pacific Kail
Commrndtig at the S. W. cornet ol
A. E. Wayland's claim, being ihe Intersection of the north line of the
property of the Crows Nisi I'ass
Coal Company's laud, and a survey
line running north and south, thr
same hriug the initial posl of I. ll.
Preston's claim  und marked "I. H
rcston's southeast corner," thence
RO Chains west, tlience xi) chains
north, thence Hi chains east, Ihcnci
RO chains south in place uf beginning,
containing Kill ecus, mure or less.
I. II. Preston, Locator
Bailee Lamcroux, Agent,
Located Jan. 20th, IOU. Ml*
Business. ®
®3>® ts) ® $ ,?j ®®®®®@®®
lhe Old I'. Wood's
if you appreciate a pure
sparkling beverage, There
ia not another braud so wvll
known as
Ymi limy order any flavor
yon lik,', ono is equally us
good ns another, It you
have m*v,*r lasted Onr
Drinks, you are surely
[osiuga treat. Order to.dav
East Kootenay Bottling
Unless you can make jt profltablo
tor people to watch your store ails,
you'll nnt make your store ails, pm*
lltable lo you. Nothing Is surer
than that.
The Job department ot this paper li
equipped with the most up-to-date
faces ol type. Vou pet what you
want when you want It at the Her-
Kvery  Night
Saturday Matinee ul ;i run.
Okhboent Louqe No. 88
Cranbrook, B. C.
Meets   every   Tuesday at 8 p.m. at
Fraternity Hall.
•I. M. Boysc, CO.
F, M. Christian, K, II. A S.
Visiting brethren   cordially Invited
to attead.
Meets every Monday
night at Now Fra-
'u^fcaa* teralty Hall. Sojourning Oddfellows cordially Invited.
!■:. 11. Patmorc w. M, Harris
N- O. Sea',.
frntilirook     Lodge,
No. 14
A.F.  A*  A.  M.
■'/ %*  Regular nieelinge oa
''."Si'.'"0***      ""'   "''"'   Thursday
* *to' ol every month.
\ isiiin*. hrethren welcomed,
A. 0, Shabklnnil, W.M.
E. W. Connolly, Secretary.
No. ID.
Meets every second am!   lourlb Wednesday at Fraternity Hall.
Sojourning   Itebekahs  cordially invited.
Miss E. .lohnslon, N. (I.
Miss Hickenbotliam, Seo'y.
Meets la   Fraternity Hall First and
Third Fridays.
T. Fraser, E. V.
H. MacKinnon, M. It. and ('.
Visiting .sisters cordially iavited.
Meets in Carmen's Hall Second aad
Fourth Thursday of each month at II
p.m. sharp.
Win. Anderson, duel Ranger.
L. Bent. Secrctarv
Visiting brethren made welcome.
Meets in Carmen's Hall first ami
third Thursday of caeli month at
1 p.m. sharp.
Mrs. Lulu Hayward, Rec. See.
W. B. McFarlane, Chlct Ranger.
Visiting brethren made welcome.
:: Presbyterian ehurch i
Sunday morning service at 11 •
Sunday   evening    service   at ■
IM o'clock
Sunday     School   aud    Bible '
Class at 3 o'clock
Preabyteriaa   Jluild. Tuesdn
at a o'clock
Baptist Church!!
Pastor, Charles W. King.
Parsonage   Norbury Avenue.
'Phone, 281.      P. O. Boi 117.
Regular Services:—Sunday, 11
a.m. and 7.80 p.m.; Bible
School witb Young I*llea*'
Phllethea and Young Men's
Bible Class, 8 p.m.
Monday,   Young Peoples',   •
Wedaetdav, Mld-Week Meeting,
A cordial Christian welcome
to all.
HI**  J; '.     fi.'i-  *.. -      .  ,i
l hvnors of |jru|».rly fnr
sale in Calgary ean su.
cur,) results hy eurrea*
ponding with
Ur. H. E. Hall, D.D.S.
Crown and Bridge Wnrk
a specialty.
I'honu No. 2!Ki     Armstrong Ave.
Oruubrouk, B.C.
laBiaaisiHS/Biaisiarireii      * *   *
Tin* Dominion fiscal year ends nu
March Slsl aii claims Im liounlj
upon lead, earned up lo Ihal dale,
must he promptly presented Mines
having no March shipments, should
Immediately semi m nu per coat,
anil final III per conl claims.
Those having March shipment*
must arrange to rcI prompt returns,
nml prescnl their claims to mo (diily
certified nt the smeller) not later
than April 8th,
Balanres of ore, nu hand lltismcl-
ted, musl In each'ease lie ascertained, anil the amount nf lead represent -
ed by such unsnicllct balance deducted Irom thc claim.
From April llh to Sil*. my ollice
will be in the .Stratheona hotel, Nelson.
O. O. Buchanan.
lit        Supervisor ol Lead Bounties THECRANBKOOK   HJSBALD
March Winds Play Havoc
With the Complexion
Unless you use a Good Cream and Talcum
Powder. We have ALL THE GOOD
ONES, but recommend Our
Cream of Witch Hazel
Lyman's Talcum
Beattie-Murphy Co., Ltd.
The Prescription Druggists
Cranbrook, British Columbia"! {
Can he accurately chocked if
you have your Watch or Clock
cleaned or repaired Ht our store.
All work guaranteed, ChnrgcB
Jewelery Repairs
Of every description, ": Designs
made to customer's orders.
Precious stones reuiouuted,
matched or supplied. En.
graving done in lirst-elnus style.
Reasonable prices, and
fair methods is the best
advertisement any
store can have. That's
what you may expect
and what you will get
by shopping at
.lust arrived—A fresh shipment of
choice tomatoes.—Thc Palm.
Floor oil cloth 35c, square yard.—
V. V. s.
Judge Wilson is up at Golden litis
week holding county court.
12 ft. linoleum G3jc. square yard.—
v. v. s.
Fresh radish, cucumbers, tomatoes,
paisley, lettuce* etc . al Kink's Pure
Pood Orocery,
•I, D McBride is paying a business
visit to Calgary,
Floor oil cloth 35c, square yard.—
V  V. s
Tom toes, celery, uml cucumbers at
I.itlle and Atchlsnn
Dr, ■• II and Mis King are expected back from California thc Rrs1
of next week.
Simiu Mondaj soap makes blue
Mondaj     look   brlghl Sold   In
Campbell and Manning
l-'lnoi iiii . loth I5i Bqttarc yard —
i* C s
Swedish fish lulK al Pink's Pure
Food Oroecrj
Vic Rollins has it tti mod to Van
ioiivii, where, 11 is rumored, lie will
short I j engage in the hotel business
Seeding time will soon be here.
Cull and see our collection of garden
and Held seeds—Cranbrook Trading
Floor oil doth 35c. square yard.—
0, 0. s.
Conductor Jos. .lackson is rusticating these days. He has, it is rum-
ored, been held out of the service on
account of his refusal to depart from
tlie schedule between the company
am] its employees.
Brussels sprouts at Fink's Pure
Food Grocery.
12 ft. linoleum (t24r. square yard.—
C. C. S.
Bull Itiver public school bas at last
secured a teacher. A gentleman,
formerly employed at Ladysmith, has
accepted the position and passed
through to take up his new duties a
few days ago.
Choice fresh celery, ripe tomatoes
unit green onions at Ward and Harris.   Phone 210.
Seville oranges give marmalade the
appetizing taste that good marmalade should have. New shipment of
Seville oranges at Fink's Pure Food
Tomorrow is St. Patrick's Bay and
the occasion is to be fittingly observed hy a grand concert in the Auditorium, thc programme for whicl:
appears elsewhere in this issue.
(ioltlen Flower Naval Oranges, rich
in color and flavor, fresh this week
at  Fink's Pure Food Grocery.
12 ft linoleum H2jc. square yard —
C, C. S.
Mrs. W. E. Ci. Hall and baby, who
have been inmates of the Home hospital, have returned home. Mrs. Hall
wishes to express her keen appre-ria
lion of the care and attention she re
Hived at  this institution.
We hare just received a Iresh ship
ment of Popham Bros, big delicious
chocolates.—Little and Atchison
Di II i: Hall, who has been absent from town a good deal recently,
is once again attending to business
at his offices on Ann strong avenue.
where be will he pleased to see anv
person requiring expert advice re
gaming their teeth.
What is nicer than a dainty dinner
set See our styles—Campbell and
j   Iron bed, full site, SS.IS.-C.C.S
I   The V r H    has nvarded a      eon
'tract (or   fortv-tive miles ol grading
for the Kootenay Central railway,
running south from Golden, in ■■
McDonnell ami company, of Calgary,
| The work is to be finished hy Oetoh
er 1st.
I Potted ami cut Shamrocks nl
Fink's Pure Rood Grocery,
Iron bed, full size, J3.25.—C.C.S.
I A meeting of thc members or the
C.P.R. Cricket club is called for 10k.
Saturday, March 18th, in (he V.M.
C.A. committee rooms. Business:
Receiving accounts and elect inn of
officers for ensuing year.
I We guaruutcc the same satisfaction
to our out of town customers as our
city patrons enjoy. Send us your
mail orders.—Cranhrook Drug ami
Book Co., Ltd.
|   12 ft. linoleum O&Jc, square yard.—
c. c. s.
I A special general meeting of tin-
board of trade will he held early
next week for the purpose of receiving the report of the committee entrusted with the duty of securing
signatures to the petition for ...   the
'resubmission of the sewerage bylaw.
j Fancy Florida grape fruit at Little
and Atchison's.
I   Dresser and stand $10.25.—C.C.S.
I The board of license commissioners
met on Tuesday and assented to
the transfer of the license of the
WentWorth hotel from .). II. McDonald to .lohn McTavish. The transfer
of the Queen's hotel license from (ins
Andecn to Mrs. Andecn was also authorized.
i Home mado candy 20c. at The
Palm Saturday.
I    'S'O'O—'WOTS l'"|Us l'"« MMW.ll
| Messrs. Tyson Bros, are retiring
from the butchering business in this
city, having disposed of their intei
estfl to the Kast Kootenay Butchei
company, of which W. C Marshall Is
now the manager.
I choice breakfast bacon and cooked
ham at Ward ami Harris. 'Phone 210
) 12 ft. linoleum BS-Jc square yard.—
C. C. S.
; The annual meeting of the Cran
brook Poultry and Pel Stock assort
.mon will he held in the V.M C A
committee rooms on Friday evening.
March 24th, IOU, at 8.80. Kvery
person Interested In poultrv raising
is cordially Invited to be present
j   Some extra nire Roman Beaut) apples, 52 20 per box.—Campbell    and
3x3 Tap. squares $7 25.—C.C.S.
I The matinee at the Auditorium Saturday afternoon will be especially
interesting, an exceptionally good
programme having been prepared for
thc children, as well as adults
it      I    o\ A*n>\. .    x [
Tbe Fink Men ant ile Co, have
placed in stock $8000.00 worth     ol
rugs and piece carpet. This is one
of the largest ami most beautiful assortments ever brought lo ('ran
| 12 ft linoleum u2\e. square yard.—
c. 0, s,
NOTICE—If you want the water
pumped out of your cellar I ean do
,it Charge 80c, per hour. Two men
I with knee hoots and pump, pump
|aboul 800 ft per hour while at work.
I Will pump it out one cent per foot
,W .1 Selhy, phone No. 3S8. 1-lt*
I If you are fitting up for spring call
and see our harness ami wagons. We
I have a full line of Ihe best al reasonable prices.—Cranhrook Trading Co.
j   ii ft.   linoleum   BOC. square vnrd —
c. c. s.
I The Imperial Bunk is opening a
j branch at Wilmer at once. Premises
have been secured and a new safe left
j Golden several   days ago in care   of
*v*':-./-  -   ■ -■
Mr. C.  Nicholson,    Mr. tlrubli, lai,<
acoountant of the Rovelstoko branch,
. is expected to be the new manager,
assisted by Mr. Woods of the Golden
A fresh shipment of Roach Tisdate
chocolates received today. No other
chocolate gives   the   same   satisfac-
11dm.—Cranbrook Drug and Book Co.,
| 6 ft. linoleum fiOc. square yard.—
C. C. S.
|   The Beattie-Murphy company
had printed in  Germany some
artistic postcards, illustrating
Green's recent automobile trip   from
Cranbrook to Calgary, through    the
Rockies       Some beautiful views arc
shown nnd in several i>f the pictures,
Dr. Green, and It, B. Heat lie and II.
W    .Supple,   who accompanied   him,
'can be plainly recognized.
|   Spanish   Malugu   grappa   ut Utile, j j»
and Atchison's,
|   ii fi.   linoleum   50c square yard -
.o. o. s.
j   With    il'i'    dlsappcarni tv ul mow
much material, of   lhe refuse nature
which   has been     thrown mil durhi
the   winter mouths, is likelj to
exposed, and   citizens should co-op
j aii-   wilh the     health department
cleaniug-up  such material sn ns
•safeguard   againsl   the ouibicak
.disease   Until the sewerage is instil
ed there musl be coHBtanl menace
|Ue health of clti/ens, b;   tin   f.. *,
ulatlon  ot    refuse, ami n
grow   Wiiimei   tins      inn    will    |)t<
greater. Ii should   onlj  l>i  neeessan
to sound   tills warning foi nil
citizens to unite iu active j lea
Fresh vegetables everj ilaj al
Campbell and Manning.
3x3 Tap. squares P.Zfi —C.C.S
The Herald has received i.uiiiorila
live word from Ottawa to Mu* effeel
thai the plans foi the i ranbronk
public building, post office, ■ tc , ure
jusl about completed ami thai lhe
specifications are now in ihe hands
of the printing bureau, so thai ihere
is every prospeel of an call) call
for tenders being made Willi regard
to the new Industrial school building
!at SI Eugene Mission, Lhe Herald is
[informed thai ihe plans aie Hearing
completion, 11 is proposed tn ereel
a wooden building on a brick it nni
creto foundation. Tenders for ihis
building will he called tor shortly,
Extra large "Flower Grape Fruit"
at Kink's Pure Food Grot-en.
Dinner sets complete %"t 25.—C.C.S,
Mr. (). .1. Wigen, the Strawberry
King of the Creston valley, was very
optimistic when seen by a representative of the Creston Review recently,
He stated liml in spile ol the
somewhat unfavorable seasi u ui
last year, the berry crop will be of
good average quality .so fai as pre
sent appearances go. lie is Invest!
gating the scientific aspeel of ihe
application of electricity to soils ami
its effect) upon crops, with a view to
still further Increasing his output of
"The berries thai make Creston famous." Mr. Wigen i.s ol tie opinion
that the growers of garden truck ami
berries in the Creslon district, ran
defy competition, and even reciprocity has no terrors for htm.
A full line of choice hoi tied and
•rock pickles. Ward and I Ian is,
phone 21(1.
ti fi. linoleum 50c. square yard.—
C. C. S.
F. It. Ryckman ami F. I), I'atton
have returned Horn a Visit to Calgary, whence they journeyed to secure medical advice. Mr. Cation, C.
P, R. conductor, had his loot Injured
some time ago, and whilst he is able
to use it again, there appeared lo be
something still wrong with it. Dr.
Mackid, of Calgary, subjected the
foot to mi X-ray examination and lo-
atcd the trouble. Dr. Mackid Informed him that the cause of trouble
was unimportant and that it could
lie easily remedied. Mr. Ryckman vis
I ted Dr. MoUger, a specialist, in re
gard to the rheumatism that has
heen bothering him of late, nml ns a
result of the interview ho will return
to Calgary tbe 1st ..f April to undergo a course of treatment. Mr
Ryckman expects to spend about two
months in Cafgary,
Choice eating and cooking apples
at l.ittte ami Atchison's
ii ft. linoleum 50c. square yard.—
c  c. S.
Solomon Alexander, recently from
South Africa, has decided to throw
in his lot w th the cil) of Cranhrook, and is at present arranging a
partnership with V DeVere Hunt.
Mr. Alexander for several years practiced law in Cape Colony and pro
poses to continue the practice of his
profession iu this province, He is this
week heing admitted as a barrister
and a solicitor in A Inert a, and iu
lune next will lake the necessary
examinations to permit ol his practicing in British Columbia. Mr. Alexander's brother is a member of the
South African federal parliament, re
presenting Cape Town, and is pros
pcctlvc attorney-general In lhe new
government Mr. Solomon Alexander has heen living in Vancouver for
some little time pasl and has engaged in the real estate business. At
the present time he Is handling Port
Mann townsitc
One of those Wedgwood cups and
saucers make a nice present; from
13.50 to $4.50 each, several designs -
Campbell and Manning,
Dinner sets complete J" 25.—C.C.S,
An Interesting ease wns disposed ol
on Saturday last by ■' r*. Armstrong. A man named William Riley
appeared to answer to *\ charge ol
raising a cheque, Issued hy the
Wattsburg Lumber company from
(7.25 to $70.25. The evidence adduced showed a rather extraordinary
state of affairs ami clearly exonerated Riley from any blame in the matter. It appears that Riley cashed
the cheque with some unknown man,
who subsequently got into a poker
game ami lost M to a Russian, named Bolinsky. lie turned over lhe
cheque and gol $1.25 change. Later
on Bolinsky boughl goods ai the V V
S. and offered the cheque, now raised to $70,25 in pay men I The cheque
wus endorsed hy W Rile\ only and
the hank refused to cash it unless endorsed by the C.C.S IV H. Me
Fai lane, of the C. C. S , then cn-
dorsed It "for Identification purposes
only," and it was duly cashed. When
HAVE you ever compared Regal styles with other shoe styles?
Do so and you will find that the shapes of other
ready-to-wear shoes appear clumsy beside the trim,
clean-cut, "thoroughbred" lines of Regal Shoes.
That's because Regal styles are exact reproductions of exclusive custom models and have the same
high-class quality and workmanship.
Moreover, Regals have the snug look of
made-to-measure shoes on your feet, because they fit
perfectly.   Come to our store and let us put a pair
on you, and we'll prove this.
McCreery Bros.
Cranbrook's Dry Goods and Clothing Stores.
IVUdt for (tad kiwi and
' wattrpioof.
Be* Dwlcn Everjrwh*rt.
CLOTHING   CO..   Ltd.
Toronto. Canada. M
ihe fraud was discovered, Riley was
arrested, charged with forgery. After
hearing thc above evidence, Riley
charge was withdrawn aud Riley
dismissed. The question now is:
Who is liable, the Wattsburg Lumber
company, the c.c.s., or the Imperial hank?
Leave your orders for ice cream •*'
The Palm.
Chairs 53c—C. C. S.
The following applications for naturalization, which will be dealt with
at lhe sittings ol the county court
in this city on April 13th, are on tile
at the provincial government office.
Harold Ann. Norwegian, of Cranbrook; Ole L. Stordele, .Norwegian.
of Cranbrook, Hans Olsen, Norwegian, of Cranbrook, Andrew .1. Anderson, American, of Wycliffe; Wm.
Rounds, American, of Wycliffe; Lara
C Rydberg, .Swede, of Wycliffe; II
A. .Syvertsen, Norwegian, of Wyelilie.
Ileinrieh Order, German, "f sheep
Creek; Nels Johnson, American, ol
Fori Steele; Chas. J, Gustavson,
Norwegian, of Cranbrook.
Popham'fl chocolates iii fancy boxes
or in bulk at Little and Atchison's.
Chairs 56c.—C. 0, S.
Lumbermen in ihe Kootenay district are watching with a deep and
abiding interest the operations in
fruit culture being conducted by thc
canyon city Lumber company on It*
logged-over limit* near Creston. The
land is particularly adapted to fruil
culture, nnd it is expected that
ahout 0.000 acres of the 13,600 aero
tnut will he under orchard in the
course of a couple of years, says the
Western Lumberman,    Two thousand
trees were set out last season
Tho B cj th il lossn't " Bat .;"3 head off" in rt-pair bills, is
tlie one fur you Von can bay a Bicycle ;it almost any price
yon care to pay, Imt what's the us*?'.' H;iif the time the cheap
wheel is in the repair shop. It's ar. expensive investm. tit and
yon do not enjoy the comfort of wheeling as it is possiblt* i" do
today witb a good wheel.
Bioycle gives tl
that covers tin
Cushion Fr&me
stock iust in.
s PULLMAN COMFORT and sells at a price
making of a thoroughly lioiit--.i wheel The
• Makes All Roads Siuo*.*!. "   We have a large
McVittic and Price's dainty English
biscuits al Plnk'i Pure Kood Grocery.
li ft.   linoleum
square > -i r** —
The Hritish Columbia Umbei
latlona prohibit tlu- export of
IV« handle the
$1600  F.O.B.
The Car that hai the crost* continent
record: San Francisco— New York
in ten days, lfi honri; heath,L* previous record made hv $4000 cat by
i'i days.
Let ua hnve your Hiupiii \eo,
cut on limits undei license from   the
province.    This tcgulatlon is parti
ularly irksome to Mi   McCoy, ownei
ol several limit    situated closi
ihe    International   boundar)   in thc
Kootenav dlstrl I I i  Western
Lumberman( and he ii endeavoring
in Induce thc exi ufl i to | rani him
relief Recent I j ' ■ A Hai vcy, K
c, of Vancouver, Interviewed Hon
Mi. Ellison, mlnlstei ol lands, urging thai Mi Mi Coj be given permls
ston i" markel lus logs in thc t nil
ed States foi the reason thai, owing
to the ph) slcal condition nl thai see
Hon ol ilie province il ih virtually
[ Impossible lo maaufai ture the tim
'her within Hritish Columbia, as re-
gutred by law.
(lanoiin's V* ll Chocolates are al
I ways winners —Campbell and Man
Full .si/e hed mattress ami spi uil:
Ijg ;.',_(', C. X.
j The New Wcstminstei Columbian
says: "Anothci well known resident
of this city ami a former lacrosse
player, Warren De Beck, is nl Kamloops, where he Is reported to be
seriously ill Ihs mother.       Mis
Warren De Meek, ol Fourth avenue,
and his wile [n in constant attendance While in this cltj he |.luveil
lot a lime wiih tie Regina lacrosse
team ami also   with the seniors   Mt
De Beck left here    loui -u fi' •  real
ago loi     i'rant)rtmii and lait    prln
Fori Ueorgi   with       lus
arile, [ormcrlj     Miss Alice Turnbull,
ld< ' daughtei ol Mi and Mi.
Oi irgc hirnbull ol this dtj ' tbat
point he was mangel oi the telephone company, postma lei
inducted .» fewellerj itore He was
taken iii a short tune sgo snd wa
Kami De-
Bo h i •.'■■  all nrrani wneni tlu
long    loui hundred    mlh  trip
-..I   ■-■ ads on di igh•  aad ■■ hi **   n
upled nine iij>s     si,.  .< as tl
ond woman to  make this trip In the
.;, id     ■ ii.i.-t     Everything p
is being doi e    f"i Mi   De He* k, who
Is reported to be In a n rlos
tion "
Commenting upun the si i
ron tail. 'I in .i recenl Issue ol thi-
Herald thai a movetncnl Is "ii tool
among the lumbermen j-( tbe Crows
Nest i>> establish a local forestry
association, with bsadquartci In
Cranbrook, thc Western Lumberman
savs: Thc association. In addition i"
looking closely alter all matters af-
fecting the welfare ol thc operators
in that district, might be "f greal
service to the government l>> offering
suggestions relative to thc prevention and handling of forest (Ires, the
appointment ol experienced and cap'
able persons as fin- wardens, the setting aside <.f suitable tracts for reforestation   espcrlmcnts,   etc     Th'*
I- i results   certain t<>   follow   the
fm mat ion of such an aasoi tat I on
would become so quick)j apparent
thai similar bodies would he formed
at other points in the province, THK   (M.ANB..OOK   HJSBALD
News of the District
Dr. Martel's Female Pills
MVTTa7     VI       tllV      l/la7lllVI *
II ,,
Methodist    church.       On Snturil
Hi*.   Booth returned to Fernio   In
Macleod ami gave Unci! addresses
the    Methodist    church on Sunilt
(By  Kred  Hon.)
May the delights of heaven be with
lhe readers of this great family paper on St. Patrick's day.
Frank Dcroslcr, tlw Jaffray cattle
kiiiR, was in Klko this week doing
.laek Kennedy, ot Cranbrook, who
paints line rainbows ror the (' P.R.,
passed through Klko this week and
was .surprised to see thc 'hist blowing in the streets,
Joe Austin wenl up to Kernie
Tuesday nlghl and   — ■— ~
Mas anybody hero seen Kelly.
Uoadmasii-r Telf.-i was in Klko
There is going i" be a good old
si Patrick's ball In Klko 17th nl
Ireland No doubl Fred lino will
suppl) tbe gray no lea.
The hride was iflnst beautiful, says
the society c-dllni ol a t'algarj pa
per, especially as lo her nose, which
hung like a soil white cloud between
ihe liliie ol her eye
Sam Lee, " the Oriental clothespin
hanger, who went back lo Hong
Kong, writes his brother nl the
Klk hotel thai In- had an audience
with ihe emperor, who is anxious to
gel a couple rn mountain sheep
heads and a sociable grlz/ly No
matter where you go thej are talking about Klko.
Kiin go bragh.
'lliere is      nothing    nil  eaitli   woise
I list ii a knocker.
It's an awful thing lo be jealous.
t'ontractoi Jim Sawyer has five
new buildings under construction on
Main street,
A new Weary Willie twister arrived
in town ami is doing quite a business. All lhe boys are getting their
soup strainers trimmed up lor Mrs
Kay's. SI    Patrick's dance.
M sure pays to advertise when you
know how We are just In receipt ol
a mail order from Nelson for fishing
Blessed aie the mirth makers
fleo Ross opened up a shoeing
forge and   wagon  repair  shop.
The Klko board of trade is advertising for a residcnl doctor—one thai
can tell a broken leg from a pain the
stomach. The three general stores
carry a lull Iim- of fancy fruits ami
candj ami everything > **n ean men
hon in ihe drug line, [rom plaster oi
Paris to plasters for broken backed
mite It's the best location in It
c [or a good doctor. \ Ilrsi class
hospital will follow.
We are pleased lo say that the two
new  hotel    keepers in Klko are     nol
prescribed and recommended for wo
men's ailments, a scienliflcall) pre
pared remedy of proven worth. The
result from their use is quick and
permanent. Kor sale al all drug
stores. -J loUolS
sending to Tii
on   for   Hour,
This helps son
ll's'hellet    I
There was quite a
llie olher     day, I'.i
bound    passen
minutes ahead
llatdiaekel   K.
oil,    bacon, e*
he born lucky   thai
nsatfon in
. caused hv the
i   313 arriving
f time.
The J M Agnew company will
move into their new quarters the
Insl of April ami the new building
will he a credit to ilu- town. Mr
IE lint/ is building a new More
building <in Ins property joining thc
Klk hotel Mis K it Holhrook,
the ploneci merchant of Klko, will
hmld a m-w block on ilu- corner ol
Mam. ami opposite the meal market
t'harlej Kay's new drug store will be
completed hy Hie 20th This will
make four drug stores, which In    it
self should  Ite a  hit!,  hidueeiiicilt   to a
doctor looking for easj money.
A11hm Lund    was an Klko visitor
this  week
We lead in im- paper that a hotel-
man was hroughl lo court for having
his curtains so high the spotters
could not see into ihe barroom, Any
man who will report a hotel man for
giving lus old college chum a drink
on Sundav is almost as mean as lhe
hotel man who will send out of lown
ior his groceries
When yo« can't fish mend your
Men with minds as narrow as a
snow fleas gizzard keep away from
Klko, li's too progressive a burg
for men ot ihis class
Mrs   Kay, ■■[ the    Elk hotel, sold
her celebrated trotting horse "Fred"
to Sheridan, who will run him on the
Spokane rlrrall   Priee moo on
(Spinal correspondence.)
'iln* bright warm sun uml the
genllo hr,*,./,- nu* reminding us tint!
th,. cold ilntk il.ii*. "1 winter an*
soon t„ In* pari ol history, anil
■.priii** will In* With us again, The
lull snow drifts are gradually i»*
coming Ifss and it tlu-st* flno warm.
Ilii*,*/, ilins last much longer wo
will soon see ilu* innii again. IJnviiiK
on the streets is now rather danger-
ous in places.
Tho new courl house 1ms been completed ami the government outers
were moved in last week. This luiilil-
iiu*. is. without doubt, one nl Hie Tin
est ol its kind in llie province, anil
Will compare very (amiably wilh any
in Canadian cities ol a greater size,
Tl tilde ol tbe building is linisli-
iil in ieil brick and Calgary sand*
stone anil a greater part n( tbe in
terlor is linisbeil in cnasl cedar
Herbert Booth delivered hi** lecture
ami lantern views t.. !t Well filleil
lams  Wednesday ovening In    the
Mr. Uooth is n very pleasant speak
i anil won n great ileal "I favin* ill
Thursday nflcriioon as Kred
Sliaw, aged 111 years, was crossing
lie track al Coal Creek, lie was
si rink by a moving ear, knocked
i ami crushed lo death. The
Is iliil nol puss over the hody,
but bntli li'K-s were broken, one arm
raetiiieil anil bis bead crushed. The
funeral look place on    Suiulay after-
11 i from the llaiillsl church,     The
Sunday BChool boys marched abend ol
the hearse,   forming a   long proves
, while eight   lads ol Fred's own
acted as pallbearers,    lie   bad
I wiib bis brother,   Frank slmw.
Imi liis lather    resides Iii   Kngland
His mother is dead.
Mis. ll   i. .lohnson returned from
Ilu* east on Wednesday nit*lit. Mrs
.lohnson bus been under trealmeiil
for lier eyes since N'oveinber.
Mayor Ulcasdnlo bas consented i"
allow bis resignation lay un tbe
lahle until be is ready to leave
lown, which be expects to he able
tu do iu llie course of a mouth or
The Ladies Aid ol thc Methodist
church Intend giving a real Irish social, in tbe school room of th,lr
.liurcli uu Friday, Mareb Kill
Tlie Catholics aie holding a si
Patrick dance an the 17th in Itrucc's
The convention nl the minors-operators, held al Calgary, was adjourned
[or ten days. Al the time ol ad
Inurnment they bad reached no decision except Hint tbey refused to ar
hltrale the malter of "open" or
■'closed" business. The ail is yel
lillcd wiib tho question: "Will Ihere
be a strike at Cool Creek?"
Miss Minnie (Irant lias resinned ber
-losiiiim as teacher iu Fernie ami will
leave al Kaster to lake a similar
position down at the coast Thc
board regrets lo lose Miss (Irani
from the Fernie slalT.
(Speeial correcpondvncc.)
Foreman Harry Henderson is
somewhat elated over the completion
of the dam in the hull Itiver, anil he
may well he, as he euu show as line
a pieee of work as ean he seen in the
Pacific Northwest.
11. W Hatch lias moved his house
liold goods and family to Fort
Steele, whele he expects to make his
future home.
Tony Armstrong has gone to the
Windermere distriet for a visit—in
the hot springs—nol having enjoyed
the best of health for some time.
Koj ami Qeorge Andrews, who have
been ul work on the big Hume for
the past three years, departed Ior
the States last Saturday, iiirouipan-
ied by Archie Turgeon, another employee,
Mrs It (' Henderson has gone to
Portland to visit friends lor an Indefinite period.
Last Saturday evening was celebrated in a farewell party at the
Hotel De I lading, for the hoys leaving camp, A good number were presenl and all had an enjoyable lime.
Ileiieiliit and FleWls are drawing
lumber to their placer claim, pre
paralnrj to iiegiiiuitii; operations as
-.»ion as the weather permits
Mr ami Mrs llerktiiasier went to
Cranbrooh last Thursday tn transact
hilsisess in  Connection    With  the rlus-
Ing up of an estate.
Oeo i. Henderson was a visitor at
Cranbrook last Saturday, on Important business, returning on the
afternoon passenger train
\ li Crltchfield took the train
lost Monday at Wardner Ior Rosalia,
Wash , when- he was ealled hy the
illness of a nephew.
Mr Downey, ot Kernie, and K. I)e-
rnsier, of .laflrav, were callers al
camp last Sundav
Wm. Armstrong has bought a bar
her shop at Fort Steele and lefl [or
that point Inst Monday to lake up
his new duties
Information from the hospital that
Billy Bates is improving has been re
celved here and we hope that he will
soon he able lo return to < amp, and
resume his dutle!.
Mr. Harold Darling, oi Cranhrook,
ealled ou friends here lasl Friday.
Mr. .lamieson, of Vagary, was
wilh friends here lasl  Friday.
I'. DeVere llunl, of Ciattbrooh, was
In town last Saturday on business,
Mr. IV Itant/, of the King Edward
hotel, was iu Cranhrook last Saturday on business.
Miss Minnie Service, of Cranhrook,
spent Sunday nl the home ol Mr
ami Mrs. !(, A. Green.
Miss Inez. Penson left Tuesday (or
Slocan City, u. C.
Mr Fred llurgess spenl sundav
with friends in Cranhrook.
Mr. Chapman, of Galloway, calltfd
on Wardncr Iriends last Sunday,
.Mr. A. I.und, of Calloway, came in
to town on Saturday morning ami
spent Sunday with friends lu Cranhrook.
Mr. II. C. Katou, II.A , of the
Wardner public school, was iu Cranhrook last Saturday on huslness.
Mr. K. II. Penstiu was iu Creston
lasl Tuesday looking up fruit lauds.
Mr. Penson intends leaving Wardner
lu a few weeks.
Mr. (iraham Donahue, postmaster,
returned ou Saturday morning lasl
from a visit with friends in Ontario.
Miss Ha/el I.und was a Cranhrook
visitor last Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. Douglass, of Hull
Itiver, were visiting Wardnei :-i"inl-
last Saturday.
Miss Muriel Sheppard was in ' ran-
hrook last Saturday on business
A meeting of the young peopl'i of
Wardner was ealled on Mondav e.en-
ing at K o'clock. This mcei.ng,
whieh was presided over hy th.' pastor, Mr. Sinclair, was for the
pose of organizing a Christian «
vor Society in connection with
church, A fairly good number wen.
present ami alter the subjeel was
discussed, the meeting was thrown
open Ior business. The lollowing officers were elected: President, Win.
Sinclair; vice-president, Mrs. P
I.und; secretary, Mr. l.undbom.
treasurer, Mr. Anderson. It vvas not
found necessary to form any emu
miltees as yel- This will he done
later as the work and attendance in
creases. Several hymns were then
practised for Sunday night's service
The Endeavor will meet every Tues
day evening iu lhe church at R
o'cloek. The subject for nest meet
ing is (o he taken (rom Romans V,
verses 15 to 21 inclusive All are
requested to study this earefuiiv, so
as tn he able to take part iu lhe dis
A number of the young people of
Wardner   were entertained at the
home of Mr ami Mrs p. Lund on
Saturday evening last, in honor oi
Miss Ha/el Lund's birthday.
Miss Verna Kmbccc returned home
on Tuesday last afler Spending a
few weeks iu Cranhrook.
.Mr. Olio Wisuer has sold his house
and lol to Mr. .Ino. Hollstcd.
From the lighthouse al Lobular
Cuvc Head, Bonne Day, Newfoundland, Mrs. W, V ig sends an experience of Zam-Uuk, which should cur
tainly act as a true beacon light,
guiding all sullerers from skin disease to a safe harbor of refuge.
Mrs. Young says: "I suffered with
eczema for seven years, and to my
great delight Zam Hul. lias cured me.
The disease started on my breast,
and spread until it extended over my
hack. The itching aud burning—especially when the ulteeled parts were
warm—was terrible; and yet when
the eruption was scratched or lull-
bed, it turned lo hail sores, and
caused great pall).... I went to a
doctor, ami tried various prescriptions, imt seemed to get no benefit,
so tried ttmHhei doctor. Again 1
got no rciiei, su tried a third doc
lor, and then a fourth. Although
they all did Unit besl toi me I got
no relief from my pnllt.
| "Seven years is a long lime Lo sul
ni, ami 1 had got used lo Lhu
.thought that I nevci would he cured
(when I -saw a reporl iu 'The Fanulj
Herald' lolling how beneficial /.am
Buk was in cases oi .skin disease. 1
I thoughl there would he uo harm in
'giving thin balm a foil trial, and
bought some.
"Well, from lhe use of the very
[first box I saw /.am Huk was going
to do mo good, 1 persevered with
it, and the Improvement it worked in
my condition was really wonderful.
It eased the irritation, stopped the
pain, and the sores began to dry up
and disappear. In short, 1 found
Zam-Buk all that was claimed for it,
and within a very short time it
worked a complete cure in my ease."
Not only for eczema, but for ulcers, abscesses, varicose veins, had
leg, poisoned wounds, cuts, cold
sores, chap|)ed places, piles, ringworm, children's eruptions, burns,
scalds, and all skin Injuries and diseases, Zam-Buk will bo found unequalled. All druggists and stores
sell at 50c. box, or post (rec irom
/.am-Iluk Co., Toronto, for price.
Defuse harmful substitutes and imitations.
United Kingdom ,
Cuiteii Slates ....
United Kingdom .
I'nited Slates ....
(Special   CO) respondetice )
Mi Win. Oreen, who has turn engaged as cook at the Crows Nest
Pass Lumber company's boarding
house here for the past three years,
lefl on Friday last for Vancouver,
BCCompanlcd by his wife and little
daughter Ethel, Mr Oreen has heen
in poor health for some time ntut
hopes that ihe change may be beneficial.
Messrs K Mallandalne, Oils Krick-
son, F O'Nell and P. Mofiall were
In town last Wednesday on their way
hack from inspecting lhe CPU. lie
ramps at Hull River.
It is rumored here that 0, K.
Benedict, of Dull Itiver, is going to
placer mine up that river.
Miss Watts and Miss Dobmim, from
Wattsburg, were In town last    Wed
tsria) nml Tliursdaj
Mr and Mis Heikmaslei left lo
liny foi -Tranhrnnk
(special correspondence).
D. L. M.o I..innii. school Inspectoi
for this district, paid a visit lo
Wasa school last week. He express
ed his satisfaction with the progress
of the work and gave it to be under
.stood that the upkeep of the school
largely depended upon the daily attendance.
Mr. aud Mrs. Chas. Stevens were
Wasa visitors the middle id last
Mr. ami Mrs. IV F Patrick spent
several days in Wasa last week. N.
Hanson's automobile underwent a
thorough overhauling at ibe hands ol
Mr. Patrick, the Cranbrook aiitoiim
bile expert. The ear Is now In fine
condition and ready lor the season.
■ Iim MacKay, nf Athalmer. came
down on the stage the end of lasl
week. He brought ihe news that
■ lack Lambert, one of the old timers
of Windermere, died Tuesday of last
week. The funeral was largely attended liv the many friends of the
tiews has been received thai two
targe n mi pan les aie planning imua
linn ou a large scale in the Wimlei
mere ilistrict. The Columbia Vallej
Orchaid com pan i ami lhe Columbia
Valley irrigation companj bave each
about r».iNni acres witith will be uu
der Irrigation this summer.
■lohn Sullivan, of Moyie, came
Ihrodgh Wasa lasl Sunday on Ins
way to liis mining property near
Mr and Mrs G Rrlckson, of Cran
brook, were guests at Wasa hotel
Mr. and Mrs II Iv Blrtch, ol Calgary, arrived ia Wasa Monday. They
intend to remain here some time.
Mr. Blrtch having large land inter
cats in this vicinity
Today's slnre advertisements pro
hahly contain Information ol IM-
When ynu have rheumatism in your
foot or Instep apply Chnrnberlain's
Liniment nnd you wilt get quick re
lief It COSU hut a nuartrr. Why
Stlfl-Crt    For sale by all dealers.   .1II
(From thc Leader.)
('has. Diesel, superintendent ol tlio
Consolidated company's Snow shoe.
Amalgamated ami Number Seven
mines, left Phoenix lo inspect some
mines iu Michigan. An unofficial report says that Mr. Diesel is .slated
for au important position with the
Gunn Thompson company <>l New
York, with whom W. H. Yltlrlrige,
recently managing director of the
Consolidated, Is now associated. A,
W. Da\is has taken Mr. Diesel's place
at the Snowshoe.
The annual hall of St. Kugene
lodge, No. 37, Knights of Pythias,
will In* held on Wednesday evening,
March 20th, aud all funds over and
above the actual expenses will be
donated to the tuberculosis s.uiitar
nun near Kamloops. The following
committee will have charge ol tho
dance; .1. F. Calre, A. ll. Monk-
house, chas. Llveslcy, c. a. Foots
and F. -L Smyth. Tickets will be
$2.00 and supper will he served al
one of the hotels.
A portable sawmill with a capacity
of 25,000 teet a day will he put iu uti
Bridge creek just as soon as the
machinery can be hauled to the mill
site, which is ahout one mile and a
ball up the 'leek from Aldridge. The
cutting will he done on the C.P.II.
limit, which is one of the best belts
of Umbel in the dislriel. It is estimated that on this limit there are
fifteen million leet ol timber. The
lies ami lumber cut will be carried
by Hume to Aldridge siding for shipment. There is already a road up
this creek, and with a little repair
work it ian he pul in good shape It
has only about a lour per cenl grade
According to the contract this company has wilh the C IML the first
ties must he delivered by the end id
April, and 200,000 ties must be delivered by the end ol November. At
least fllly men will he employed. The
head men of lhe company ate .1. W
Filch, of Moyie, amd ll. It Hazel-
wood, of Cranbrook, Un some lime
connected with the He department nl
ihe C.P It other local men nre Interested, however.    Practically    all
llie business of  Hie coiicelli  will  " nine
to Movie
The miett -iiug   announcement    is
made this week lhat Hie lion. An
drew Fisher, prime minister of Australia, will be the guest of    Ihe pal
llamchtary labor party at a banquet
at the llolbom restaurant on     May
..filli. Mr .1. Ramsay Macdonald,
chairman ot the party, wilt preside,
aud it is expected thai every trade
union in the kingdom will send a representative, This will he the liisl
occasion oi an Oversea Dominion being represented al greal Imperial m-
lona, such as the coronation ami
Ihe conference, hy a labor premier
Mr. Fisher and his wife will, of
course, he loyal gmsls during their
day in the mother country.
a comparison ol the foreign trade
il the tout principal countries     nt
the world during ]ll|() has jusl. been
issued hy lite hoard of trade, the fig
ures heing as follows:
Mr. Kdward   Shorn, M.P ,        Mi
Charles Fenwlck, M.P , and Mr.   Vies
antler Wilkie,   Ml',   delivered      ad   '
dresses on the use aud progress      ol I
cooperation at a demonstration liejd i
at Newcastle   recently,   lo celebrate
the   jubilee ul   lhe   Newcastle    l'u
operative Soclelj *     The jubilee   ,VUH
iirther commemorated hv an oxhtbl
tion of Newcastle co-operative maun
failures and products, The sales since
the establishment of the soclelj In
ISfil have grown from U1785 jn lhat
year to E581, 7 III in DUO, The total
sales oi the society   troln its       com
iiieuccmetii have amounted lu til,
110,732, ami upon this turnover llic
members have had returned to them
£2,031,132. The society is the own
er of its business premises and olbei
house property, ami mosl has lieen
built hy workmen iu the direct employment of the society.
A movement has been Inaugurated
iu Diuiinow district, Ksscx, Ior the
encouragement ol poultry keeping and
egg production, and on the suggestion
of Mr. Robertson Seott, of (ileal
Can field,   a    series    ol cock-crowing
itches is to he held. These com
petitions are common on the conlln
nt, especially in Belgium, and Mr
Scott, who has heen present at sonic
of these contests, describes them as
having all the excitement of cock
fighting without its brutality. It is
held thai smh matches do an enoi
mous amount of good iu causing
cockerels lo he bred of first-class
.stamina. It has been nol iced again
and again thai thc young cockerels In
a sitting which crow lirst are usually
the strongest, aud hy using these
strong birds the stamina ol poultrj
ean he augmented in a lew seasons.
It is intended to hold ihe liist crow
ing competition shortly on a farm
near Duntnow. it being a form of entertainment not possible In towns.
Dr. Brander, medical olliccr at
Sheffield workhouse, told the guardians at a recent meeting that he attributed thc existence ol hear! dis
ease which he had found In a number of young men to excessive cigarette smoking. Some ol the men nd
initted smoking as many as thirl j
cigarettes a day.
The cosl of electrifying twenty ot
thirty acres of fruit crops was
about £200, said Mr. ■*. Newman nl
a recent meeting of thc National
Fruit (i row ers' association. Thej
had not succeeded In elect rit> ing
strawberry crops in the field, hut
had heen found that an electrified
crop of raspberries grew faster than
an uiielectrilied crop.
Mr. It. M. Wiuslow, horticulturist
lo the department oi agriculture al
Victoria, Hritish Columbia, has written Mr. (J. McL. Drown, Kuropeau
manager of the Canadian P.o Hie railway, stating that he has recently ro-
celved individual requests from Iruit
growers fur about 1,300 men tor
fruil districts for the season id PHI
at wages of ins. to Us. per day,
and £7 to £10 iht month, with
board, In some cases requcsls
for temporary assistance, hut there
is employment iu the fruit dish ids
at the present lime for several bund-
red good men for from elghl to
twelve   months     ot the    year      Mr
Randolpho Bruce also writes      that
there will he good openings in
Lake Windermere district      of
Columbia Valley owing to lhe
number of selllers who are taking
land tor fruit growing distiicts
over iiiiiii.
II, .ill 1,000
270,11 111,000
OVOI  11)011.
1 .'111,5110,11011
(Thu 1
M ,\ K
•:s wi
Electric Restorer for Men
Phtmnhnnnl restores every nerve In lhe body
vim ami vitality. I'rcni.iliuu ili'J-iiv met <■■■ hi-miuI
waaltnoSB averted at once. Phoiplionol will
nuke vim a n.sw man. I'i ice III a Imx. or Iwu ler
tr,. MnlluiIloiiiivmHresH. TheSi-obell Drug
Cu., Hi. t.tulinrlnen, Onl.
Cor sale  nt. Heat ie,  Murphy  &  Co.,
Live man or woman wanted l<
work at home, paying ILH m W.00
per day with opportunity to ad
vance. Spare time can he used
Work not difiicuit nml rrqulrta no es
pciicmc Winston, Limited, Spadina
Aie , Toronto I Bt
s   c  RHODE   LSI. AN I)   BEDS
where PHOSPHONOL is used; premature decay Is Impossible; sexual
weakness is converted into strong
manhood, hoth physically and men
PHOSPHONOL is ymir medicine,
regardless of your condition or oge.
PHOSPHONOL is n new remedy,
prepared upon purely scientllk prhi
elples, hy expert chemists, It pro
duces results.
PHOSPHONOL     promptly   dispels
all forms of nerw weakness, sucb  as
lack of control,    twitching of nerves
PHOSPHONOL     restores      everv il111'   muscles,    despondency,   menial
ni' in Hie hod)  to il>, normal len    Worry, blues,   Indecision, weak hem l
sum. uml impoverished blood.
Nerves Unit have been dormant (or Price: $3.00 a box, or two liiiu.fi
years will vibrate mice more with for $8.00, We will mall Ihis to nn)
vigor. Two boxes id PIIOSPIION-Intldross under separate cover on re
OL llnve been known io make weak eclpt of price TIIK PIIOSPHON
men feel as Ihey did at olgbtceti. nl, DHUCI CO,, SI   On llm vines, Onl
Weakness is converted Into slretitttli I II
J Calgary Realty writo us fur full portioiiliira.   Wo will *
• gl*.ully*.glve you full informnliou its to tlio vol uu of oul *}
? siili* subdivisions. *
* Calgary Realty is snuriug.   Now is tlio time to invest ♦
f before the etuvliuus< are completed. T
BOX   1287
II. I.. STKHIEN8, Prop;
CALGARY, Alberta
The Hotel with "The Reputation"
You'll get your Money's Worth.
********************** *****'.****************
The Wonderful Cure
Pr. Klulidi'i 8 peel fie or "(105" i» the only -specific
ever dtacovereu to cure blood poison quick Iv and
Mn-een*fiilly. We have secured thin remarkable
Bpecfic "Ow" whieli liae been fully tested and proved
lo bo a POSITIVE cure for tho terrifying upeclfic
Mood dlseaie. "000" i* now In nsa in our
laboratory. Remember "U00" hai cured Ihouinnde
of men In Kurope; most of them were cured aftei
iii>t ireat men t. \\'e are experienced medical
-Im ton* ami know how to diagnose youi case, aeliiu
Von Duugern'e Blood Test.
Write for  Information.
Special   treatment   for  all  oilier  dlieasci   of   men,   Nerveni
Weaken!,   VirlCOM V«l«, H)Jro-.i.le.  Wood   and   Skin   Disorder*,
SjfCIf    Ulcers.    Kidnc».    Bladder   and    Keels!   DUurdeH.   Etc..   "■•-•
Contracted •Mlments
Heat Anatomical Museum in tho North-west.
Dr.   Kelley's   Museum
2io Howard Streei, Spokane, Wash"!
•18-251       H
\ Imperial Bank of Canada
f ui: 4 i. (iccirn.  n.noMTi\
n. It. WILKIE, PrwMenl.
Hun. itoliKlir JAPFIIAY, VicclWdenl
Acoonuts »f e.,riH>ratii>n«. Municipalities, Morolinnla,
EVirinore mnl Prlvnlo Individuals invited,
Dmftsand Ejetteraof Orudil issued nvallnlilu in nny purl ol
tha worl I,
SAVINOS lUI-.l'Al.TMI'.NT Special nllantlon
divan t*> Hnviiufs Bank Aoaounts. Deposits nf $1.00 nml
upward* reeoivoil nml ini,*r,*Hl allowed frnm date of doposlt.
Cranbrook Branch: H. W. SUPPLE. Mgr.
r ****************************************
It is ill,. Hanto I'lm'
Tin* I'h  thnt is I'i
Cloud ns tlm I', st
lletlM limn Iln* l.i-ii
l ni,ii
Tile liKlit tniTil (nl tins district,
being plenlltullj supplied with lestli
ers, cm, stunil mir Revert- winters.
My Reds Inlil nil winlci The lun
that lays is tin* hen thai pays, Bsjki
li nu per IJ.    Itoo* orders imw
Aim II. C. llruwn Leghorns, U.M
per IS; Black Cochin Hums, M per 11
llm, ■".* ri.ihlilia.il, III'.
The Cosmopolitan
If yott t'„um nne,.,
Vull   Will  I'lillll.'  .*i**ilill
Z E. II. SMALL*, I'mii'iiiKTiiK
Read tk Herald, $2.00 a Year THK   CICANKROOK     IIUIIAM)
WHEN the field... ara tlpe. wttn
corn ami you /pel Inclined tu
entertain In an unusual ntui
enjoyable way, there ia nothing tbat
deserves your favor more than a com
roam. Indeed, it li surprising that
comparatively few people know of tha
deli nil.*  of this open-n I r  entertain*
mem;  but once  enjoyed,  there  in at-
ways   the   determination   to   give   a
second "performance *
Klrat of all, the ears musl be picked
when tender und when sufficiently
cheap to Insure a bountiful supply;
for. taka tlio hint from one who has
•attended many roasts, the appetite la
appalling end the fun ns unlimited
as the  supply.
Night Is the bent time to give tht
party; there is some tht ng Indeacrtb-
able In the llghl of tlo- Hi.- and tlm
stars, .m.i whether on the snnda of
the "en or in ;i clearing In the tvo-udg,
the joy la greal because of lhe departure from the conventional form
of entertainment
Invitation* may be made ai home
From cardboard, Lhlu enough to bo
foIJeit ut the b is ■ "f ; ■ ear in
the. diagram, yuu will i-ul Ills f.-rm
uf the ear of com. after tracing Ihe
outline given, bj m ai - of i arbun
paper, from the page IO i!..' wl I B
bourd Color the outer leaf gr«ten
• nd tiie kei neli
back   tlie  Cl trer  and ■ Ul   (litis
note  on   the   i hlte   .■   *  ■    It it
wotk. and, rememl er. the guests s     *  :
b« allov ed ti
aotne   colli        I
11 .    .
fen   in
lower   |H'r':,.:*    |
order   t      Ilvi
Inside   The i     e of the
optn     Afiei
earn of POrn i
ths husks still
mud    Pat
nol be ai
ao'in at tin
ttie   Hr.'
booming.    Burj   t
part  of  the  iir--.   where  u  <»
clo-aly   and   thoi nlghl)      There   ■<
getient  lett  Of ll""' tU be gtVtll    TWtMlt)
or thirty  mlnntes  will suffice  In  n
...  tn • personal lnspe< Hon will pro ■
:,*  ibe  anxious  whether enough  tinu
has been * lowetl
Tl * hardened mud or ctay Is ,  - i
nnd  removed!  lb) ti  the
*'.   ..... ',   .in-l   :l*.   l]< I
en !   i brui
■I anj  i'.t:i,i store und b lied Bret la
war fi        e buttering pi
A   tWWl  of    uei.il   l.ti:ti*r  Kim   -. ■
'n-in-ei  .-ti tiie unit. n-,- ntcessai
i iBsured
-  .. : ■ ;ii t than pink
nimdi    nud in reality much i.-•
Vou   men Is will tell yon bo, ,:
•   ,•*-*•   duut ■':.'■ .i  mil 'i
iiei prising        *.   ■*
■ -   .   i i wets   Lul Uie
•    from whli h you i in
lb     paths of eniertalnnieni
. md pi iu *
■ • . L
u.ike the baby from his - .-.■   sn.l
mettmes :. elrk spell was ihe reau!i
lally the mother thoughl ,.f li iv tm
id  on  the feiite.    Now  evefj   tsi-.n*
she  (a'-kM  up  with  ihumbiucks  u
bearing such hiicrlpt'oni f   ' '   ■
;  ii 111;, one  pint;  nib. If yon
salmon.    I'mne  around   to  from
cjves  trouble.  Insures  unlet   ami
.-es tin baby a chance te sleep   A - -
or. It la a useful bint for suburban-
*■■    >■*'■■
Ti .*   for instance, playing the mand -
In ..ii . ■ Preti    I to tuns
j/oui e j       tune and
with man, . play j i if
- ....-    "        l.i i:. 1    '.!.    ; ir?.   :
ur tell the I        *, any tint
... i *... g  - ■ any I me thej  wll   I   n
SI   1  ii'.t'
" • .       ir powers
.   * .
Again, try a ,!-.. rfptlve piece
;   ■ ...
*        . * - .      *
ulous s story as
along make strange - j- ! *
end announce, -       Lfndrap." of
•Tlmt Is the motif neaoi tbe   eaf
'5 eating omttet '  Only don t forgel to
raln-.r*!...* tbe turns ?«rf.irnianc« i»\*»ry
s '  s same thing happens!
ie same style is the tailing of a
■   story  from hi*:or>  or tbs slug-
ing .; * familiar song, with nothing but
gestures and motions, only annottftsug
tbe litis "rt: and keeping partial or
templets silence for all tbe rei:
Drying Lace Collars
AFTER lace eollars a*.d Jabots
bave been washed, stretch thsm
out cr. a lapboard covered with
' wai if necessary, a.d stick pins
Into tbe wood r 11 along ths -edge of
ttis lace stretching we:: &■ you go
until there u a e!< se outline of pins.
tn a few houra th« lace will be dry.
ar.J at imooth a* If fraahly Ironed,
without any <f -he dangen ot ironing  '.ace
y I ..--■* handkerchiefs the Window ie a g» : "Ironing" board, or. in
wir.tir. the  n r: :    One  woman haa
a   par.*   ,f     *•.-..,...     set    !n   a    w,iwden
*ra:.-   end irles   double   the
number   ihe   otherwise   could.
ft? Vol* have plenty of short   lengths
of ribbons, and are wondering what
in the world yuu will do witb tin ni.
gate at lhe drawing.* before you that
represent but a few i»r the possibilities
tbat pleeei of ribbon offer lu InJ tstrl us
for skins, being i.-■■:-
;i  sklrtba   I ■  -   iidrt  ut.-
wrinkled,   md I with tbe owner's
favorl    . • i
Rib   ii ■    ■ blnatlon of eaa-
...-.-  tr.i
.ii 1 i  foi  B  -■   * gt«
'   'ft*   :;
Ami»i r thi
wild i
leweti       *■■
lull)  I!  *>       <
nfa , odd .nd altrai ilvi
. ■   varlalloi    Is   Ibe   Irish   lai •
ii   ,       where   the   lad   i»  dai n   •
i   thi    foundation   sniooihlj   and
■  .  three Dowers ere lb ■
*,...,, d|0|    >*i   1*    H I,   .
I ■. . -     Anothi j   Idea   In
■'* .1  la< e  i- i"  use ..»  hand ; i
■    ■■   ib.-   f.* ,*,<,. i     ii ,i    *
.. .,.   . i>i*i,   aparei  when   i > ■   pe  .•
. .
ib. dlamoi j shaped hatpin la elm-
i*i* covered with (lowered cretonne
in .i email   > loee pattern    it li ea| e
.i.ii    i.
li in
•I i
t. .,i of this, and
i ■ ini II
IT <«   ir- I       I
aii eoris    '   '
ihe aama  waj      \ ■    ■
then I"" gl vi* mo li i *
■uppl)  Ihe p
Hnall)  i' ■ ■
ether   irttle* ■       Hi in   111 ■ i *     01 IS
ini'tiifl    Hi       i • in of tl
fabric cover I
iii* making li  in   irt ews]   t, injuli
• nd affording an) amount of |nd
cbube.    lieu, foi  Inetanre,  li   *  mtuf
e     a     e     a     • !
0                                        0
0     ', 3     O
0                                    *
bell burki* covered wilh . itenclennei
Ineertlon   Blmpl)   sewed   logi-lher  nml
•round " '■■ wooden model, over thin
•oin dota have been worked in a color
lo rotten the boll oi  the gown     Very
Blmpts,  Is It   i.il.'    .Mid  yel  llie effe.'t la
ilii>S.   The  back   View  nf the  l-lll  ehuWfl
how the fabric in gathered nnd
■ewed around the pin  to tlghtl)  aa
imt io riip    The wrinkle* undem It
do nol miitter. but ihe gathered edge
■hoUld  be ent Cloie. ao that  there  will
be no bulging of the pin,
A vary simple atl or roller ami cuff
,■!■'«   la   nliown   In   did led   tut.     Hen*.
again, the net ta Blmpl) sewed over and
over at the back- tf ihOTOi In the
third pin drawn This lit pretlleal
over gold, tnd, of eourte, 11 N easy
io cover attttp meitl lewelrj »nn
would imt emai nf Itself, en thai Ihto.igh
the net or lace it looks nulli      I
The woman wi... doea m-b crwhat
ihm  ■ f ilu ii  pins
The ! t^t   11,i.ii. shown la for w. ir
li   II .      ■■■ ■■ i   Nl,     	
I with silk ths
simile  aa t" .'    ii • ■      on     lhe     Iml,
fail, i,i. ■   ■
i'lu    i hen, with I
embroldi i   li   In   tin    u h el   design
■h iw*..   i .   .     ■
he  wll     black   ur Bllli
The   • mb nldery  Is dour ■ j itti
. .     nr  iii   l-ung-nltd-shoi;   ai •'   o llli e
ai my   more   i ■■ sil llltti -
wenl  themselves lo tin   cleVel   i-*-'l  •
worl,. i    b)   M til '    •■ H   '■■ i     still   fi  ■-
th. r   devi lop   llib   romli -•   fad
Filler for Floors
WII..N  ... ir I* i*.r
.  :   : .      I   :lllll
r*   . .  „, * *   I * .* *   ' ill
: i. ■ • * i    f
II   *       ill
I!    ■   i   *. .
ii, er up tl
. i ■...    . m -•■ ii'
.  i   .     .
ii, ■
d   |anrl
ribbon, and tew together »
■ '• I  j i •   -i is   in wii	
M-ll, »i    t!ie     lining       Tbe    mi .. .     si OU] I
■ e,, bt lined with «ifl Bilk of  i  I    :'
. n    ihe  sli ilghi  -.in thered  end
ill ,. i, i in n sllk-invtn i dial  ot        I
. j     Drawing   slringi    I   i   u. ■,    ,t
,. >. •   ul  .i silk ■ •*■! - o ;'■! l '  the ^.i
lli   r ,' touch.
hi  tbe   n .it il    oal   Ii ingi ■    wl    h  1
n .: .  ihe i.i  .-I   lamps  ised
hrath*r< t*> ■< .  ■   r ■ ieei - In good ha    ;
.    1 •   ■      -   Rl    ll       '    '   "■
■j- .. rn i ghi  r • i   •   'overeH  wl h rar-
■ a     ,     a -i i  i ■   ■'■ III ■>    	
■.  s girt
ig and lead
lark   bole
tbs   kit*, ben
■ ..
One of i te paint
ROO!    ■'«!
walls     tt la eas ajgb       --   ttlrl
then,  end er and  more   itaful
is wi       if one
.r,.i m.i
- Igl     -. ui ..- i..
- by all
means, . • ... ibe i->it,iahop.
soleie i       horrible
.it the*a
if  tbe       tat It el       ' -rn   iftti   this
i rest mi nt .  >        :..  4ij ,,f
fits    ghi      There  la nu
.'.. ■      •  ■ -•■    snd      *rii-i»    an   b*
■   gats t      All    .'   •*'.: h   is
■   lege to 'he housewife who Joes
• .t..'.|, da ■ < onaee,
loseti   end m .v Im-
f i'   '•"■*>  :*  "li*  t.'.jjlfig.
lark ieel an ler •■ e i-a-ri*
Lifting Children
■ t ■
v-1'.C     l   '
■ '
■ i   i ■ .   •   i   i      iare
ravel    ind
i   :■ Ifl
.    i IIUli    plei I -j   of
■ WISH." flabt the woman who
children   of  her   own.   "that
• women would understand it.**
ate me hanlem '*f a child, Mow
would thai Ilka a giant to cnu along
n>,>l .-.iii.!, i draw them from the
ground by one arm. ae I ba.a aten ■■■
mam P' ople do to chlldrei."' When
you're llftlr« a rhiid. lift It evenly.
hj both -H im. or from the walat.
liti t yank ll u,t by a grab at on-*
wrlel and then wonder why It crlen.
It makes me BO angry I alwava want
to pull lha unn of tbat InootiflhUrata
wi.niHii bard, and ae« If aha w.uldfi'l
* rv. io<> It'a a thing tbat mothere
■nd aunta nnd ■»■<■.-?■• ought to iaara."
And  wo  f.  ..,„i  tha motion.
Read "The Herald" And Get The News-Only $2 a Year. THK   CKNUUOOK   HERALD
Bowling League
('.I'll. SIKH'S
V. M. ('. A.
Brown   ■ ...1*111   I it
Cranston       121   132   127
Clrlllltli  im    hi
Hull     Ill   US   103
Bathio  lil   131
.Stinson     DI   l""   181
Tyler  I'll   IM
Teet  821)   IH'   113
rullins tii  nm
Main  121   I2;i  113
— — —
liliT    .-,111
573   5811   7IIU
1! ST.
Thompson  Hi'i   117
]•'   Brown  i"i   122  13(1
llrymner   88    1)7
.1   McSweyn  115   low  133
l.untlburg    H8   123
1.  1'   Kink     127   105   122
(iairrtl    1211   1211
.1      Mil.i'iui    ...IMI   117   IU2
Kill's  128   1*10
.1, Fletcher   92    78    n
 . —
—  — —
.','111   mil
581    5IIII    Kill
1*1* II    Shops  mill  i—
Saturday niglit  Uu* C
1' R
s play llic ('.I'll. Simps  Tills s
In* ii very interesting garni
Tin* ftimnul "opening"
if ll
* V.M
C.A. postponed Irom Kebruorj
uill In* held un April (Illl.
Further atinouiicenieiits later
Watts vs. Cooke
.lurigmcnt lias been given by Mr.
•Justice Morrison in llie action tried
ui Nelson on February Uie 17th, L8lh
ami 20th last in laVoi ol thc Walts
burg Lumber company, wbo sued the
Cooke Lumber company nl Kaslo lor
damages Ior tlie loss ol a boom ol
logs, in -lune last, D. It. Yates,
wbo was then manager Ior tbe Cooke
Lumber company, came tn Procloi
in borrow some boom sticks ami
chains tu usi- in collecting logs adrill
in the Kootenny lnkc Mr. Walts
stated tbal be would lend them tu
liiin ii he would move a largo boom
ol logs wilh their tug from n point
in the bay near tlio Wattsburg Luin
ber company's saw mill t<> a polnl
convenient Ior taking them Into the
mill This thr di-f.-iiil.i.itK undertook
I., do, although denying thai there
was anv agreemenl Io do it iu con
slderatlon ol netting tin' boom sticks
ami chains. Tho defendants' t»t!
began moving the boom on .lune 2ml
ami after getting them pari ul the
way allowed them to escape, by ren
sun, as tbr plaintiffs' contended, ol
negligence on the pan ol the boot's
erew and InelTiclenl equlpmenl to do
thc work' The defendants claimed
lhat tbi- loss   w.is really due to   the
Interlerenco ol sou f the employees
of the Wattsburg Lumber rompany,
who assisted them, ami to a gale ol
wind which, it was said, sprung up
while Ihey were nl work
Judgment was reserved at tin- trial
ami bas now been given by his lord
ship in favor ol tin- plaintiffs with
costs, the value of the logs lost, sal
vagi* expenses and damages, to lie
settled by the registrar, to whom a
reference is made to ascertain thc
M a Macdonald appeared for the
Wattsburg Lumber company and W
\ Macdonald, K.C, of Vancouver,
ami II C Hall, ol Nelson, for tbe
Cooke Lumbei rompany.
|   land ami Canada"   Kout Girls
| Vocal Solo—"Killarney" 	
|     Mi. Ingram
Vocal Solo—"Kim Shannon"	
|     Three Little Boys
Piano   Solo—"Valse   Op. '<!■ fflem-
i   awskl"   Miss Kinoiil
Vocal   Solo—"Last    Hose of Sum-
1   mer"   Mrs. Kennedy
Violin Duet—"For   All Eternity"...
!    .  Mrs. Wallingcr ami Mr. Ouerard
Overture—Selected    Orchestra
flu,nis—"[ Can'i do Thai Sum"  ...
|     Children
Vocal Socal—Selected 	
I     Mrs.  Patterson
Chorus—"Peggy Brady" 	
:     Voung Ladies
Vocal Solo—Selected 	
I     Mr. DoRlemer
Qua rtette—" Fare well Killarney" ...
I   Messrs. McSweyn, McOermot, Ouerard and Ingram.
Vocal Solo  Mrs. McDonald
Vocal Solo   Edgar Ilamllcy
Chorus—"Lcl Erin    Remember the
I   Davs of Old"   Children
Ood   Save the King.
improvements aro under way at i\U
Creery Bros.1 big dry goods store.
Miss McLcod's millinery emporium is
being enlarged ami fitted up in tirst
lass style.
.u .1, li. MiBride's exlcnsive alterations ami additions lune been made,
including provision ol a large warehouse room to accommodate conveniently recent large Importations of
stock, New fixtures, Ior display purposes, are being placed in posit imi
and other alterations made with a
view (o providing greater accommo
elation Ior customers.
Another place of business that has
undergone a practical transformation
is the Kasl Kootenay Product' and
Provision premises on Fcnwlck
avenue. Mr. Murray, tbe proprietor,
claims to have the largest Com mer
rial building in the city al present,
ami his claim is well founded. Tbe
dimensions id his building are 50x125
feet. This large building provides ac
commodation Un the grocer) da
partmont, thc wholesale feed depart -
liieiil ami Ihe department devoted lo
vehicles, of wbicb an exceptionally
large stork is carried. Questioned as
to tbe wisdom of carrying such a
large slock of buggies, democrats and
|).l||ll'H   AlUlllft   'JJaj   'suoStiM   ...i.UH'.p
Ibat if be wanted to do business lie
must have the goods on hand and as
uroof of the demand, be stated that
within the past few days lie had
disposed of fourteen rigs of different
kinds. When all the alterations ami
repairs are completed, the E. K, P
,v p Co.'s place of business will pre
sent a very imposing appearance.
W. It. Beatty has disposed of the
old C.P.R. laud and telegraph ollice
building to the Fulljames Bins
This building has heen located on a
lot adjoining the Lund Land company's oflilcs, Norbury avenue. An
additional story is being added ami
Ibe whole fitted up for office pur
\s announced last week in the
Herald a conceit will be held iu tbe
Audotlrlum on Kriday evening (Si.
Patrick's Day) under tbe auspices of
thc Catholic church, when tin- foi
lowing programme will be rendered:
Overture—"Irish Airs" Orchestra
('bonis—"Isle Crowned wilh Shamrock"     Children
Nations—"England,   Irelaml. Scol
Spring is at Hand
si im:  sions   indicative  of
i Tlie .small boy is playing marbles
mi Hie street. No more positive
sign of the advent of spring could be
desired. That the glorious sunshine
is rapidly wiping out all traces of
snow and ice, that tbe city street
workers aie busily engaged in mak
ing the streets passable and that
wide awake business men are having
llieir places of business reiinvated ami
repainted, are insignificant evidences
of spring's arrival, compared with
the presence ol tbe small boy ou the
sheet with his torrs, mivvies and
| The past few days have witnessed
the rapid disappearance of snow (rom
ihe streets and sidewalks and from
present indications, lhe city will
have to arrange tor the watering
cart' to gel busy in a few days tn allay the dust on Baker street.
Happily spring is coming in very
gracefully. Whilst    lhe   days aie
pleasantly warm, there Is just sufficient frost, at night to safeguard
against floods.
Thc signs of spring's arrival are
numerous along Baker street and in
other business sections of.tho city
The painter is very busy inside and
outside of several business houses,
notably al Pye's, McCreery Bros,
Miss McLcod's and .1. E. McDonald's
on Baker street.        Some very tasty
•»♦»<>♦> ^^^^♦♦♦♦^^♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»»
♦ SB :'-'"'^".l!KIit.^HnHi em
Cranbrook Jobbers, Ltd
.Mr. (!. F, Stevenson, formerly
manager of Ihe Western Canada
Wholesale company, Fernie, has accepted the position of managing director of the Cranbrook Jobbers,
Llm it Cil, wholesale grocers, etc., ami
will immediately proceed wilh the organization of business details.
Mr, Stevenson has enjoyed over
three years experience in the wholesale trade iu this territory and is
enthusiastic over Cranbrook's pnssi
liili! ies as a dist rihnlluf; center.
The provisional directors of llic
new concern are all local business
men of lhe highest standing, the
board consists of the following:
Messrs. .1. D McBride, A C. Bowness, .1, F. Campbell, W. II. Wilson.
Jos, Jackson and .1. P. Fink.
Whilst the capital slock of the
company is placed at S2Ufl,(KKl, only
such proportion is being offered for
subscription al tbe present moment
as will be required for initial expenses, and, it may be said, thai
there has bevn no trouble experienced
in securing subscriptions to the full
extent of those requirements.
TJie company have secured a loea
tion for their warehouse al the Intersection of Van Ilorne street with lhe
crossing to lhe St. Eugene hospital
and plans are being prepared for a
subst anl ial and commodious build
ing, which will be built of either
brick or cement.
It will lake some little lime tn
work mil all   the details, but everv
Clothing ||
As an example of what '■',
might be termed a Stylish ',',
• i
Coal for thc younger men ] \
—the one illustrated bids;;
fair to prove a favorite.;1
Wilh buttons showing— < >
it is a radical change from i l
the regular Ily front overcoat. The majority of it's J |
wearer's  prefer  il   in
lighter colored  tweeds,   of"
■ I
some < *
which   we    show
handsome   patterns,
together this
Coat is one of the newer ♦
models    which    will
be i ■
< ■
much seen on the streets *
this Spring.
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
Money tu limn on fitvoruble tonus,
Kvory cure uiul comloft
A homo Irom homo
Bpeeinl attontion in uuhuh t
Maternity, Ithoutaatliiui
mnl rnciiinonln
Tonus  muilui-uio
MRS. K. BENT, Malrmi.
P.O. Una I'll.mi' I
Physicians aud Surgeons.
Olllco a> KmIiImco,  Arnietmiii  i.i,
Formoom 1.00 to 10.00
Kvrnln-*.. -
******************************************** *•*************''********
*******************************************************'"""   "   *
thing is moving along nicely ami in
the course ol a lew montlis Ihr
Cranlirook .lolibers, Limited, will he
doing tlie \vli.ilr*;.ili' grocery business
nf South Kiisl Kootenav.
The Boys and Girls of Cranbrook are going to
want School Shoes for thc Spring time. We
anticipated the demand and have provided the
best school shoes that money and experience
could secure.
Shoes for Boys and Girls
Such good leathers as Box Calf, and Velour Calf,
Gun Metal Calf, Vici and Patent Colt. Lace,
buttom and blucher cut. Every shoe well stayed.
We  are  sole  agents  for the  celebrated "Classic" Shoe
$1.75, $2.00, $2.50 to $3.00 according to size.
Phone 2,1
Better Shoes
Phone 33
J Nihil" I.onf Maple Sj*rup in quail
boltles at Kink's Pure Food ttroccry.
j Kliiui uil elotli 35c. square yard.—
C. ('. S.
"Tin- business cf I'. Hums ami
Company, Limited, was established
in 18110, ami is fctrongly entrenched
iu Allien a and British Columbia. We
an- informed   bj Ihem that the pro-
'i.Mil reciprocal trade agieement
with tin- United States will lie bene-
fleial tu I'. Burns ami company, Limited, on account of the location of
their plants ami tin- diversified character of their business." The lorc-
gLllig Is from a it't-. issued by tV
Dominion Securities company in cun-
nection with lhe >'ii ! v P Hums
ami Company, Liim.e-I, o' a n.'t'ion
dollars of Urst mortgage bonds, Thc
money Ib to provide for extensions
for an alreadj enormous business,
which Includes all branches of the
packing industry, iln- distribution oi
packing house products, thc maintenance ol a retail business in 7fl
branch markets, ami thr operation ot
huge trails of ranch lands. The company's average annual net earnings
for lhe pasl four years havo been
J302,D1W, Ttie company recently
iiiiidc an issue of bonds of a similar
amount io provide capital for its
growing business, ami now finds tbat
its expanding trade necessitates tho
employment of new funds.
j Buy Die best and ymi will always
lie pleased. Thai is why onr customers are always satisfied.—Campbell
anil Manning.
Floor oil cloth 36c. square yard,—
V. V   s
srn ATION WANTED hy experienced lady stenographer. Apply
Boj. 80, Fernle, B.C. 8-6t*
iRMOl 11, .liill\ 	
CONNOLLY, r   (.'	
32*1     I'HWKI.I., Ill-ill. II.
nm   HALL, nn ii. i:
mm    Cl III.IMI RIKK ..
Tin- iiiiui game in Iln* annual contest fm* ilu> Herald cup look place mi
Tuesday ovening, the teams computing in tin* last game were Hip Ramblers and llic Commercials, wlm lined
up as follows:
llamhlers, Commorctals.
.. Mt'Matius
Elmer .
Sims ...
Kclloy .
Lett Wlnp.
... Morris
... Strnni!
... Wnllaco
Bearisto   MeOregoi
Rlgbl Wing
llinimni-k   [.ye
Reforms—C, c. Connollcy.
The game resulted *'t lo h in favor
of tht' Commercials, The in* **..is in
poor condition, but the boys put up
as good a Kami* as ci.ulil be expected
under the circumstances. In the first
fifteen minutes McGregor, im* tin*
Commercials, scored a goal in five
minutes. Tlier,. was no score made
in tlie second lifici-u minutes, and in
tho tl.irt] the Commercials scored
twice,'D. Pye and McGregor doing
the trick.
At the conclusion of the Ratnr, A.
L. McDcrmot, president ol Ike
Hockey League, liirin*il over the cup,
heretofore held by tin* Trollies, In j,
Milne, captain ol tho Commercials.
Full si/n bed    mattress and sprint:
fn7.-i.-c. c. s.
Haseliall fans ali* gotllng tin
the lirst    touch   nl spring woo
The question   is already being i
Whal an* tin* i'i.ml k bull pi;
plans for Un* coming season' Ni
like  getting busy    carl)   Cran
slioulil loom up pretty big
baseball world Uiis roar,
The Central  Meat
Wo are booking orders fur
Rose Comb Rhode
Island Red Eggs
for hatching.
Price $2.00 per setting
From   1st   prize    winners   ul
Ortinbroolt Agricultural Slmw.
A. Jollffe, Proprietor.
w»*  slill  have   tlinsi* swiii
Oranges.—Little and Atchison
Al tho lust regulai meeting ol
Rocky Mountain Chapter, No. t jr,.
ollieers for Ilu* ensuing .vear woro in
stalled as follows:
isi P.—A, Sliankland.
2nd P.—Dr! I*'. II. Miles.
3rd P.-T. ii. Bnnlteld.
Scribe E.-W. I*'. Attrldge.
Scribe N,-F. I.. Parks.
P. S.-n. ,1, McSweyn.
S. S.-E. ft. Short.
.1. S.-W. .1. Flowces.
■Jnnilnr—D. Johnson.
The L.O.L., Clarke Wallace, Cranbrook, will bold nn al home In llie
Ornnne hnll on Mondav, the 271b
Inst. An Interesting programmo wilt
he arranged tor Orangemen nml their
friends.    Everyone eonllally invited
Hotel Coeur D'Alene
Spokane, Wash.
A inotlcrn n|Ulp|HMl Cafe at nuMerat*4
i;.iii's $1.00nml up per day
Comer of Ilownr.t St. nml Front Ave.
Onr In.!* meets all truinn
The Coeur D'Alene Company
J .C. Callahan, Mgr.
- 2.00 tn   4.00
- 7 SO to   I 30
- 130 to   (311
CRANBROOK :i     II     cl     II     ». O.
Gradual.   »f   Ontario   VoLrlnnry
i-'iiili-ir... Toronto, in inns
Orndnnte nnd Medallist ol McKltllp'l
Voti-rlnnryI'.iII-k... Ulllcngo.
In lino
Nina v ■*> asporlenoo in Velerhisry
'    |,i*,i.ii.i,*,*iiiMiiiiiliil)ii
llllkt- nam door to I'n.l Ollicc
Phone 139     ■     P.O. Boi 181
Niglll Call — B.   II. SlllirCa  llaaiilall*..
I to 12 a.m.
1 to   t p.m.
7 to   t p in
Office in new Held Block
CRANBROOK        -      -       - B. C.
Cruabrook anil Kurt Steelu
.    i
Tel No. 143
»4> 4* •»»•»♦♦•> •>♦■*♦•■> ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
B.   C.   ent   Surveyor
CRANBROOK    •      B. C.
Ask for Halcyon LITHIA WATER
For family one there in nothing
en wliulcnome nn.l an  |.tlrt> tl.
V /
II,i- moved ti in Olliee from linker tMteet
to Norbury a venue, nexl tloor
to niiinit^-. Pliolo Stuillo,
W.   It.   H.'itty.   Khii.thI  DlrtH-t-ir
Cranbrook It t'
(Ieneral Ulatksmiiliiiin
Sk-inh KcpairiiiK
I "KXiiiK Sleight, made lo order,
large Slock of Hardwood Hun*
ners on hand.
laisiaraiaraaisnsiaiaiaBiBipjE n    m 1
| T. K. FUTA |
p!     OlVK IS A TRIAL.
1    T. K. FUTA    I
| 49-It g
JiaiaHaaMswapiafflaifflaaiaiaraJsrcii TUB  OBANBttOOK   lUSKALD
(I'iiiiliniiril [nun page ono.)
and vegetables, ami it is onr lioast—
not nn Idle boast, but a boast fotnnl-
eil on act iiui experience—that in cereals, vegetables nml fruits wo can,
without exaggeration, boat the world.
"I stated a moment ni;u that tin*
agreemenl wo made, is .simply In fiol
bettor prices for Ilu* product of the
Canadian fanners. This is a proposition so obvious llini I nm surprised 11 slioulil linvc received Iln*
treatment H hns received on tlm
part ol our friends opposite. lint, tbo
objections made in ibis agreutnont
aio not to in* found within the four
corners of the Biime; Ihey uio nil has
od upon oxlrniicons grounds, The
opposition, Ilu- Conservative party,
aro against this agreement because
us llioy loll us, il will produce con-
scf|iicnccs which will In* deplorable
for Ibis country—1 have listened willi
some oaio to nearly nil flip speeches
that havo boon delivered In this house
on Ibis question, ami lliose wlilcli 1
had not Iho opportunity to hear, I
havo road witit eqnnl care; and 1
think I am fair in staling Iho objections made to this arrangement uro
fourfold. The first objection is that
Iho oltect will bo lo ilodivl Iho carrying trade from Canadian channels lo
American channels. Tl:o second is
that il will destroy nur natural ro*
sources, Tin* third is that it will
imperil nur industries. Ami tin*
fourth—and certainly iml lhe least-
Is lhat it will dissolve our autonomy."
"Sir Wilfrid pointedly referred in
the British preferential question, i.s
"Now, 1 come tn a very important
tho policy nf the Canadian government at tho'next imperial conference,
which will open in May next."
Turning tn the objection, that tbo
proposed measure ot reciprocity, if
onactod, would imperil our industries, Sir Wilfrid said:
"In negotiating this agreement wo
have adhered strictly to Iho terms uf
lhe resolution which was adopted al
Hie Liberal convention nf lfiil.'l, ill
which I* ho Liberal parly declared tor
a treaty uf reciprocity iu natural
products and a carefully-considered
list of manufactured products. Why
.1 i.l we put this resl riot ion in our ro-
soltltioll? Why did wo stale in so
many words thut the reciprocity
which we would negotiate, If It over
became our hit lo iln so, would ho
general fm- natural products, uml
would he iimiiiieii tu a carefully prepared list of manufactured products?
Because, sir, there i.s a vast difference
between reciprocity in natural products and reciprocity in manufactured Roods. This is the reason we
have aolod with this prudence. I
iln nnt know wbo was present at the
conference which took place between
our two friends beside me and Mr.
Knox; bul it is not a great effort of
imaginatii-n lo suppose that* tho
Americans were far more concerned
ahout obtaining reciprocity in manufactured products than in natural
products; but our negotiators would
mil consent to any reciprocity in
manufactured products, but insisted
nu limiting the agreement simply tn
such manufactured products as agricultural implements.
"Well, we limited our negotiations
puint.     It has been staled iu      this   lu that;  and    in doing this, I knnw
discussion, and repeated in Iho press; j lhat wo havo not gone as far as oer-
indeeil, the statement lias boon alluded to in (Ireat Britain, lhat, by this
arrangement wo wore putting an end
to every possibility of mutual preferential Hade wilh'(Heat Britain. My
hon. friend from Brandon made that
argument, and I have hoard it from
the oilier side of the house. I take
positive issue with that statement,
and I say mure: thai statement dnos
not bear criticism; il bus only lo I***
analysed for Ils falseness lo bo
shoWn. Sir, we on ibis side of llic ,
house have never taken purl, wc have (
refused to lake pari, In the contro- ,
vers;* which has been long going on iu
Kngland on Hie question of mutual
preferential trade. Wc would nol
take any part in lhe contest between
the tarifl reformers anil Ilu* free nailers. Wc thought it would mil be
digniliial, wo thoughl il would mil bo
any part of nur business, wo thought
it would ho an act nl impudence Ior
us to lake pan iu this controversy,
whether on lhe one side ol tin* question nr the other, nml we preferred
to remain silent upon thai point,
having laiil mu* policy before thc
l-'nghsll people. Am! whal was mil
policy'.' Oui pollcj wus sel forth bj
the Canadian ministers in Clroal
Britain al the conference ol 1903,
anil it was in these words:
"Th,* Canadian ministers stated
that il thej could In* assured lhat
the Imperial government would ac
eepi Hn* principle of preferential
irade generally, uml partlcolarlj
grant to the tood products i.f Canada
iu the United Kingdom exemption
[nun duties now levied .u hercattei
Imposed, they (the Canadian minis
teis) would be prepared i" go furth
or into the subject nml .-mica,or t*>
give lo Hn* British manufacture!
some increased advantage o*cr the
foreign competitors in ilu* markets ol
"This wus nm pollcj laid down ut
lhe Imperial conference of 1903 Tin-
is om pollcj    in ihi*  real  I'll a'
the conference which is s  I.,   luk.
place       We llllle lieen  lohl bv        II..*
othei sub* ..i Un* house that Un*  nc
t  wc h.iic l.ikrti wilh i.'i-uiil      t <
Hns agreemenl has made II 'mi'"
slblo in Implement the pollcj "'"-
laid down How nm thai Is irgaed
seiimish" Ih,* Canadian mlnlstei
ui iln* imil.ui'"* m IBM stated Hi."
Uioj wen* prepared in give to (Ireal
Britain n pi ilii.ii.i* on tnnniiluclui
,<il goods in om market if (liw.1
Britain would silo us prclcrcncc on
mu iuiiiii.it   products   in I'll lillllkel
iiieui Bin I"-   "..I . xporl lllllll,
natural    I lucta;  on Um contrarj
she is ,i    l.n...    Iinporlei ol natural
I Imis     We nr.* exporters nol   ol
manufacturer! products, hm ol nnlui
nl product*, uml we uie large ini
poiins oi manufactured products,
uml we   lune given I
lain sections of lhe community wanted us to go. A certain section
wanted free    implements altogether,
| hut we did not think it prudent or
advisable io go that far. And why?
The reason is that tho men on the
treasury benches, who aro responsible, rooognl/o in tariff matters tlie
wide difference between manufactured
and natural products. It is easy
enuiigh io put up a customs duly or
enact a protective duty, but it is always a difficult task to decrease or
remove    such a   duly. The reason is
'well known. It is obvious thai if
ynu raise the customs duty or impose a protective duly ynu create at
onee a net it inns temperature; and if
the industries established under that
1 irlfl and under thai temperature anil
condition, have lo face suddenly a
removal of the duty, ynu might annihilate in Ihe course nf nne night
millions uf capital and reduce lo
mui-employmcnt thousands nf operatives. Thai is why we have aeterl
as we have done. We have gone
very timidly, with great rare into
ibis agreement. When we came into
ollicc in I SUll, we had the same problem before us, the same consideration weighed upon us and we took
the    utmost    possible precaution—
whilst giving us we were bound In
do, tn lhe consuming public nu
abatement of the tariff—wc took
every precaution in sn doing not t<>
Injure nn, existing Industry, and 1
think we have been successful "
, Sir Willi nl devoted bis closing re
murks* in a consideration of the
fourth objection raised by lhe nppo
sltlon, "it will dissolve oui untmi
nmv "
j   sn Wilfrid sunt
j -This new-born /eal fur autonomy,
when reduced to actual exposition, is
i;. ii,-i.illv expressed somewhat in tins
way: There muy he. perhaps, no dan
get tn out autonomy ia tins agree
mini Itself; but this is onh a lirst
step that will be followed bj others
This, liny     will   lell   us. is a trade
agreemenl confined tn natural pro
ducts; another time ihe agreemenl
will in- extended lo manufactured
products; this will be followed In
commercial union nnd lu.tlv
political union Such lonu*. sn. will
i.iiu mu nil, distance, in an, dlrec
tion, to any conclusion which hope,
fear oi any othei passion maj lug
gesl Huh sin I, logic iln* world bus
long lus-ii familiar Was lliere ever,
in un, lunil, nt nny time, n reform
proposed whicl* wns mil itntncilintcl*
«# ****** *•>**•■• **
* * A at  *
************* w  **************   **************
f mv
s coll
K as ma
ill Illl'
" If my poor voice could bo heard throughout the length and breadth of this
country, and if, without any presumption, itoouhl ho heard also Iwyoud the frontier. I
would say to our American neighbors thin. flati. ring as it mny he to their pride, tin; idea
that thu territory of tho Republic should extend over tho wholo continent, from tlte
waters of thi' Gulf of of Mexico lo llic waters of I In- Arctic Ocean is an impractical dream
Remember that we Canadians were boin under tin- same. Hag as were your ancestors, a
Hag under whieh. perhaps, they mny hnve sulTered from oppression, but whieh to us has
been, and is now moro than over, tho emblem of freedom Ucmcinber that if vou have
founded a nation upon a separation from ihq motherland, wuCauadians have set our
hearts upon building up a nation without separation ; thnt in this task we tne already
f;ir advanced, with our institutions, willi our national entity as a people, und v ilii everything that constitutes a nation, to whom wo ah' just asdovoted as you are to yours.
Remember that the blood whieh Hows iu our veins is as good, just as good, as your own.
uud thut if you are a proud people, though we have not your numbnrs, we are just as
proud as you are. and that rather than pari with our national existence we would part
with our lives."'   The I'rime Minister in the House uf Commons,
WOUld "lily R'Jil    lo tlir
nf their  own   ili.il     Hi
people havo   in meet,
voice could in- heard iii
length ami   breadth of
anil if, without any pre
could hi' heard also beyi
lier, 1     would say   in
neighbors that, (lattcrlti
lo their pride, (in- idea
riltuy of the republic   should extend
over the whole continent fmm     Lhe
waters of fhc (full" of Mexico, to the
waters nf the A relic ocean, remem-
her thai we Canadians were born under the same (lun as were our ancestors, a flag under wMrft perhaps
they may have suffered some oppres-
sion, but which (u us has been, and
is more than ever, ihe emblem uf
freedom. Hemember that if rnn
have founded a nation upon a sepal
allon from the motherland, we Canadians have sel our hearts upon
building up a nation withoui separation; that u< this task we are al-
inly far advanced, with our Instttu
ni.s, with our national entity as a
people, and with everything thai constitutes a nation, la which we arc
just as devoted as you are to yours
Remember tbat ihe blood whieh (lows
mr veins is just as good as vuui
i, ami thai n ymi are a proud
people, though wo have not your
numbers, wc are just as prouo ,is
mnl that, rather than pun
with   mir   national    existence,    we
would pail Willi our  lives       If       ni)
il     lie heard   tlmt   lar, 1
would presume to say tn our Amerl
triendfl. Their     may lie a   spec-
taele perhaps nobler yet tnan the
pectade ni ,t united coatlacnt, a
pcctaclc which would astound the
world by iis noveltj and grandeur,
ihe spectacle of two people Uviag
i aunty side liy -.uie im a distant*-
i I,mm miles, .1 lu.-' which Is ti.inlh
isilile in many quarters, with not a
cannon, with not a gun frowning
across ft, with not .1 (ottos- .•:.
I'tihi'i side, with no armament one
against another, nut living in bai
moiiy. in mutual confidence, ami with
no other 1 i«,iln than a gcnei
emulation In • omuien !■ and thi •■' I •
of peace To the Canadian peoph
1 would s.iv 1l1.1t if i' i- possible f".
1 ■. to obtain such relations between
these two young ami growing na
Im:.-. Canada will have rendered to
1 id England, tie mother of natloi -.
nay, to the whole British empire, a
Service unequalled in i*- present
feci, ami siill  ninic in its far-reach-
itisei|tieiues **
iK'h belle
rnment wi
Mi. Good
hi .1   if
irke! for fruit
the     governmei
the Americans
on /.im: and lead,
would iml have
I Ihey were       too
id is Would have
fm British Colum-
'i obtaining  a free
II the United Stales
l had induced
o reduce lhe duties
The United Slates
bjectert   to this be-
is aimed al
■ American dutv
ivherc coolie labo
ed in the mines.
The arrangement he said would not
give the Hritish Columbia lumber industry any advantage aud ii the pulp
and paper schedules go Into effect
what is on tbe eve of being a great
industry in the province will be completely wiped out. lie deplored what
he termed the efforts of the Liberal
members to raise class against class
in this country. The men wbo by
sheer force and ability hail won suc-
I's-. and helped to develop the cn-un-
tryliad as much right t.i iw consider-
■d as ethers
tionist tariff, and under such circuit!
stances the Canadian people would
not have the stamina to lestst the
dislocation nf trade hut would be
forced to seek refuge 111 tlie Amen
can union. This is the argument
which we have beard frnm the Icadci
[of tbe opposition (Mr. Borden, llali
ifax); ibis is the argument nf mv
Ium. friend from Norlh Toronto (Mr
PostCI 1 Nay. ibis 1*. even Uie ar
gumeiit ue bare heard from my Ium
friend fmm Brandon (Mi Sllton),
who, 011 this occasion of all mi a
I Liberalism to join the principles of
Liberalism to join the prlncinlcs oi
j Conservatism Lei me refer to ibe
'resolutions o( the hoard of trade of
Toronto—I     take    these  bCCftUSe  thev
contain in condensed form all the ar
guiuents with Which Wc have been
.deluged in this house The third ie
(Solution s.n s
i That any presenl benefit tn am
section nf Canada or tn any interest
therein whieh might accrue fmm said
agreement would he more than offset
by the loss and Injury to other se.-
lions and interests
Then is au admission that in this
agreemenl there will be a benefit at
least to sonic sections of the com
munlt) It may he qualified, hut it
is there -til the same. And the
fourth and liflh resolutions read:
1   Thut    the   proposed agreement
political union' -No, iu i!,r face of
lhat action ihey conceived and 01
ganized the Canadian confederation,
The treaty "i 1v". ? was negotiated
hy Lord Elgin, when, as I have said,
he hail as his flrsl minister Francis
llincks. it was ralifii I In is.'ii b)
the first Liberal-Conservative admin
ist ration ibat wi hod Thai admin
ist rat ion was presided over hy that
.staunch, stalwart Ti 1., Sir Ulan
Mai nab, .un! .'tie of iis members was
lhe young man, John A Macdunald
Hid Sli Allan Macnab. or did -101111
A Macdonald falter? Jtid they sn
io Lord Klgln that they would not ,111111 at this moment
advise the ratification of (be treaty thoughtful men or
i". fe.ti thai, ii it were afterwards
abolished, the Canadian people woul.1
be forced Into 1 !■.       relatii as wit'i
rhe I nited States* On Ihe cn
Mary, their advice ' 1 Lord El 'i..
was lo ratify thc treaty, It never
occurred to them thi t, ei en if ihe
treat)   could 1"  rei ■ iled, ns it   was
two countries, so far as legislation
could bring that about. A not hei
thing cannot be denied, that the man
who raised the Conservative part;.
in the highest pitch ef power and in
fluence, (he man whose name is slill
levered, though his example is not
followed, -Sir .lohn A. Macdonald, deprecated ami dreaded thut situation
Ile did all (hai man could do tn
change it and improve il. To that
nui he made many sacrifices, and to
that end he made his last appeal to
the Canadian geopte.
One other thing cannot he denied,
amongst the
the American
union, the feeling is growing up that
the polity which they have pursued
towards "s for lhe last fifty years
has been wrong, that it has been Injurious to themselves as well as lo
us, that it is selfish and narrow, and
they are prepared tu retrace their
iteps aud to cuter with us into       a
mg .
repeated ten yean   Ial r, there would mutually profitable commercial inter
he a single Canadfan   who would   be course.    Now, when we reach    thai
]<d   In  the   iii !■ if   trade in stage, it is inconceivable   that we in
Seek to   change hi    rn'intry's alleg ('auada   .should  be told th.it this re*
A. s Ooo leve, *.I !' , save hi.-
views on reclprocitj as ("Hows 41, thi
bouse of commons lasi week:
\   s   Qoodcve of Kootenay, 11, "p-
es which      bind
.may hi ing us
lhe \t11.11. ate*
a lire entrance
Im the 11 natural products as
have given ns a    ine ent mnn
their market foi out natural
ducts and bow can Ihal afTecl
British Islands?    Surely In nt
at all can It ailect our trade
Hritain.     The United Slates can enter our     markel  wllli their naliiral
products, Iml it is certain that England will never   Bend a bushel of any
kind  of grain to Canada.    However,
Kngland can give us a preference    In
wMiihl weaken  thi
Canada lo (he empire
b) I   B    That Io avoid the disruption of
trade which after some years   under
said   agreemenl   would  result wen-
s.uii agreement terminated nnd      a
protective tarifl against   Canada   es
tahlished hy   the I'nited Stales, Can
ada would be forced    In closer trade
iclalfons    wilh Ihem,     which would [prosperity
still further weaken (hose lies    nnd
make il  more difficult to avert  poll
tiial union with thr I'nited States
I   Mark those   wolds—'Can we       be
forced lo closet relations.' Well, sir,
if    Canada   would   he forced, what
would force IW     Nations Ihere have
heen   which,    in   lhe face of a great
great    notional cala
Ise to  the    occasion.
and even the women throw their Jewell and ornaments  into ihe common
fund for tlw   protection of lhe cniin
try.    But we nre told here by Canadian Tories that if   a crisis, an economic crisis,   were lo arise in which
lance    Hm Imagl
been the colloquy belli
and his advisee, if,
advised   h\    such men
Macnab and John A   M;
bad been advised b)
ers of ihe opposite.   .
Mr.   Borden    and    ne
GcOrgC    l-'ihis      !■'■
would have said, 'do <
treaty.'      Lord  Elgin
them, 'Why; will ii"' I
cause of satisfaction   '
Ml would,'   Hey would answer.
tbat is ihe very thu... we dread.
denounced as revolution by (he forces
i>( reaction? with thli logic wo
hart been particularly familiar      In
His country ever llnce the tirst days
nf responsible government   Open   the
records of our   own   old discussions,
ami ymi will find thnt when tbe   re
fniniers of that   day were asking for  emergency,   .
responsible   gnvernmenl, all the Tor-  niity,   would
ies denounced the idea as being    the
first step towards annexation. Tt   is
nol, therefore   to   hi-   wondered   at
that, if,   upon    this   occasion,   the
whole Conservative party have heen
witl1 ! moved hy the old Instincts of Tory-
1 ',1    Ism.     But the manner ir. whieh this  their pockets   would be liable lo suf
reform which   we now hrlng forward   fer,   they   would   hesitate    between
is opposed, lo my mind, will In- seen   their pockets and their loyalty.
by anybody   who examines the qites- 1   But, sir,    the Tories of fifty years
tion to be   an   insult to the (nielli-   ago were made of sterner stuff.      In
gence and character of the Canadian tSal, Ibe treaty which was negotiat
lur markel for mu natural products |H.np|,.. Whal are the arguments we ed hy Lord Klgln, with Francis
if she chooses to change her policy, bear against this agreement to just llincks ns bis prime minister, result
ami Hun we are prepared to give \'y *\w poHltlnn which is taken Ibat ed in immediate abundance of pros
her upon her manufactured products \n-lH j„ a first step towards the dis perity. Ten years alterwards llie
cor respond ing advantage. Sir, the ,-niuiion of our autonomy? We sre
policy of Canada Is jusl lhe same told tbat this agreement may, pcr-
as it was Ibree months ago when t,npS) \lw\ t„ rrrtain satisfactory re
t-hls arrangement was made, nay, It K)I||H for some time, hut that Inter
Is the same today as It bus been for \i mav be removed, and if removed
the lust twelve  years and It will be may |„.   fullnwed   by a high protre
t would have   tingiailc policy, long followed by Uu
:i I.out Rl!:i!i  United States, and which they
tead nf being   now on (be eve of abandoning, should
as ^ii  All.1:1  become    the   Canadian   policy,   and
edonalri,     he that we should follow a policy      of
non-commercial      intercourse    with
them.     It is incredible, and yet    we
have   heard   lhat    Idea    proclaimed
again and again   in this house.    We
are told ibat  unless this retrograde
policy is   maintained    Canada is estreat)' lie a   posed to danger, and   we are ihreat
the people?1   cned 'hat unless this policy of   non-
inlercourse   is     maintained we    an-
doomed to annevation      Annexation'
Inncxatlont     There was at om- liiin
a pretty strong annexationist   move-
rcpenled and replaced       1 high tarifl  ment in this country, and it received
nnd   wc are not   sure that our knees   ji*,   rust     check     when   I.oid Elgin
presenl lead-
1) hon, friend
. hon. friend
Sii,' they
1 ralify   this
would    ask
prospi 1".    Hut, nftci
j.*-, the 1 reaty mav he
would he finn enou '
strong enough to rei
slnn of tin- Amerteai
We reject the Qdvli
ous beai ted men ol l-
by (be advice of tin
men of hfty yeai 1 -i
lhe sil mil ion   as it 1
■ .1 ■ ur iplne
• it- nggres
of the timor
it. we sraml
itOUt he.Hte 1
placed    before
brought back
leeipim ily (re
far from sharing lhe foreboding
the lugubious li'ii
concerning whnl ^
plication) not of a
of an old policy,
lliere are evidences
now entiling upon .
relations wilh our
can see already
horizon   the down
din s,     Uttered Canadian
I 1 illow (he ap
a principle   bul
II seems to me
ni thai wc are
new era tn our
1 nra, ihai we
rMtcnlng on the
. f ,1 heller dav
Ireaty was repealed, and a high pro
tec live tariff substituted for it. Al
that time, did Canadians falter'' Did
thev hesitate*    Were Ihev forced in
(Hie thing is   certain, one (lung ean
nol he  denied,   tbnl    11 .nitons
which have piisletl between (lie two
countries for ihe Im 1 fifty years, especially f"t ihe lasl 1 vent) years,
slill mote for tbe last twelve yeai .
and which almost eami lo a (lists .1
year ago—those relath ■ have been -t
blot upon Ibe eiuli nllon "f the two
countries        Thev   hnve   amounted
tit  closer   relations with the l nited   practically lo 11 proclamation of mm
Slates''     Bid the) seek a refuge   in  Commercial inleie lc between    tin
from Washington 'he
Ity "f l*->t; From that
!,iy to tins tbe desire for annexation
has dwindled and dwindled, until
there is not a vestige nf it left in
anv pari of tbis country
Onea upon   a time—this is also    a
matter of history—the ronvirtion   ol
every American citizen was that the
^federation should be-
■ part of tbe American union
■nt events have shown that there
arc still men in the I'nitcd States
who harbor lhat hope. But there are
also men wlm are beginning to pet
eelve that the republic, though Hs
career has been glorious, has yet
many questions to solve and many
dangers to face, and many of them
an- beginning to recognl/e that the
solution nf (heir difficult problems
would be seriously complicated, pei
haps fatally impaired, if, In the fer
ritoty of the republic, was to tie Included annthei territory as large a
Iheir own, with a people not yet as
numerous, hut destined tn he as .111
iiieiuiis as their own, with problems
of lluir own also to soke, ami
posing tin agreement, isid tbe reason
the government had for enteri:.  ::'
it was plain     There was a fa I 1 -
uneasiness through the country   sol
ed hy   the   government for log
the country the naval bill Tm      ■■
jer heard Ilu-  -".■:...   ,.•;:*-'     .
Pacific and   be hurre-d   Mr, Fielding
and Mr   Paterson   "S to Washington
o arrange lomethfng which woaldidl
cn the people's   mind   f.".:.
torm     (in 1 li.-ir ,• :<:xi. the]
ered free fish   tn   Sovs Scotia, Iree
hay ami    potatoes '•• Quebec, to Ontario they had not offered much   but
stated     that   they nii«:M   have hur'.
manufacture) -   more   than tl
to lhe prairie pn tbi ■■        bad
offered tree wheal and beef but t"
British '" lurnbli there *.'.,t- .*.
The people «.f tbe Pacific prnvinre
were told they w-rc had and that
they had sent five had Tories, there-
fore, (hey have given awa) om Iruit
Industry It i* only two and a half
million dollai 1 pei annum With
'' these promises the premier imped to
buy '-ver again tb'- people "f Co*,
I Touching upon the transportation
■ question Mi Qoodeve mid thej had
.built up a through trade from the
east to Vancouver, thence !<■ Mon-
ireal ami on to England The £••■*
ernmenl proposed vpluntarllj
o\i 1 tbat trade tn Ban Kr.it.* |sco
and then nn '■* England via Chicago
and Boston lie quoted a number ot
opinions ol leading men opposed to
[reclproclt) and amongst them l»ord
Stratheona, the Canadian high com
'mission.! in 1.'Uni in, who, according
in a Canadian wi—~ dispatch had
uld regarding Mc - Fielding and
pitti.i--i.il ■ Ti 1 1 ..n.a'ii.iii ministers
Iallowed themst Ivi 1 *■> be bypnoti;cd
and walked Into th.- 'tap "
Mr. Fielding remarked tha*     there
lie did not
halt    been
must be some mistake
think    l.oni   stratbeonfl
quoted correi tljr,
Criticising Di ci.uk, ol Red I»*-er.
the membei f"i Kootenav said he
bad advocated em Hj what the opposition was contending for, the mak
Ing of the Canadian tariff indepettd
ent of the t nited States   Mt   V, I
e\c then wenl ofi to describe condh
tions undei 'rea I rsde in (Ireal But
am and under protection In the Untl
ul states Referring lo Sir Wilfrid
Laurier's speech al Nelson lost ium
mer, when   lie   had said thai Canada
owed ber progress in ih*' pollcj oi
the present government which hy thc
green of Cod and lhe will of the Cn
nadian people, was now in power,
Mt Cniidi'ie said thai the people ol
Nelson thoughl sn much ol this poi
i'y that nn ibe \.<t| nlghl (hai the
reciprocity agreemenl was announced
in psrllimcnt, a meeting nl ail class
es was called ami a protest sen!    In
union   wilh tbe 1'lilted States   telegram       The answer   ol Ihe gol
retnplcman (minister of
ue) also rcccntl) briefly,
■initiesM'U tlie house on the iccipro-
utj question, Mr. Templeman, at
the ourset ol his remarks, dealt with
u.e loyaltj and anucxatton cries oi
lhe Tories, Ue said:
"They have argued that the effects
f this agreement would impair ibe
loyaltj "i Canadians, that it would
cause a deflection of trade from east
ami w.>t ui muth aim south, ami ul
titantcl) had to the annexation ol
Canada with tbe United stales. Now
from the standpoint of the province
ui British Columbia, l can assuru
ibis bouse that thc loyalty ol Uio
people does not depend upon commercial relations with the United
States L-toag belore confederal Ian,
and ..*•■* confederation, there was In
Hritish   Columbia    a very extensive
-.:■   -.   "..  nol tl   U)  BOUth,  tbele  was
do tradi    whatnvei   from east     to
,-esl During tlie     obi days them
was absolutely no trade east and
.vest, but all tbe trade ol British Columbia was transacted wilh lbo
-late -if California. Vet the pioneers
ol that day did nol wave] in their
allegiance to '.he British crown, ttu-y
irerc qur.e as loyal then as they are
BOW. Thc aigumei.1 that Canadian
allegiance and Canadian aspirations
of La'aiotihovd under tin- old llag are
suili fickle things lhat they musl be
kept iu lhe straight and narrow-
path by the unposiii".. uf penalties
tbe -shape of trade icstiictious,
■ teem t" me to tn- une that
will meet with the approval oi this
house, or of the public opinion of
Canada. That argument, or something of a similar character, has
been made tu do duty in Canada for
s long as I can remember. The argument has been used for the pur-
discrediting the Libera! parlor purely party political pur-
but always unsuccessfully, as
I am sure it   will be on the present
onfinlng my remarks therefore
onslderation of the question
how this   a^eevment will affect Hritish Columbia. I do not ignore      the
aster question of bow  u will affect
ali Canada      I snuply piefct dealing
witb one phase of a main sided qm-s-
tion. a phuj>e also which I think    is
.-:.t   Imponsnce to merit     a
little spetiai  consideration at      my
a:.-:        After a tareful study of the
■ ; Hritish Columbia, as     ex-
b)    tlw    press of thai prov-
Incj        public    meetings, bv letters
u-.. ■■ ..-jr.!!..   :• ■"■fi'.i-ii, I am as confident  j- «»:»■ <au tn- that  the COKCO-
-jj> ol opinion in British Columbia is
that thli sgreement is a good thing,
thai '   •» business proposition it will
t,<    advantageous   to that province,
tbat it will acelerate the devlop
meat of British Columbia, and add
*.ey n;-a'lv and rapidly 10 its population I wish to indicate the opinion of Briti'-r Columbia in respect lo
• tbi '■..'(• agreement will
va^' "ti the fruit industry, Mr
'...n friend the member for Yale-
Cariboo (Mr Burrell) delivered a
1. long and Interesting speech    a
fl■•    ,.r.     an.1.  11.    whi'li he dwelt al-
getbei .;j- 1. the effa I ol thli antee-
menl upon the fruit tndustr) nl British Columbia lie placed on "Han-
id* a number of strong petitions
from boards of trade, frou, members
f frail SSSOClsUOBI and others, and
I believe  the member  for  New West-
mlnstei (Mi Taylor) also read mere! warm protests against the
agreemenl Now 1 have In mv band
a large number of opinions frnm
prominent    men f   will not read
them all. hut 1 desire to «i\e Uie
names of th..--' WOO sent Ihem and
the purport  of     what they     say.    1
think it is important thai the house
ihould know that, even In the great
fruil growing district of Okanogan,.
tlie opinion is not unanimously op-
posed to    'his   sgreement; I rather
think (hnt  lhe majority even nf    the
people of the Dkinsgan country will
be found favorable to the ratification
nf this agreement. I will briefly
stale the results as f have them, t
hare m my hand n telegram Irom
the Nelson Liberal sSSOCistfon'
"That the reciprocal arrangement
means the greatest boon thnt Canada hss leccived In years, nnd will
result in grenl benefit In lhe KootC
nav district, and we heatlilv en
dorse lhe SCi of the gnverrimeiit "
(Coliliimetl nn page- ten . 10
(.Continued from page nine)
Also a telegram from the Liberal
executive of Ladysmitli, another from
the Liberal executive of the city    of
Nauaimo, another from (he (irand
Forks Liberal association; ami us
Orand Forks is the home of the hon-
member tor Vale Cariboo, I will give
il iu full:
"The Orand Forks Liberals believe
lhe welfare of the large majority of
our people will be well served b)   (he
proposed changes in the tariff, and
heartily endorse vour course of action."
Grand Forks is- ihe centei ol a
very prosperous fruil growing dis
trict. Pram Cranbrook, British Columbia, I lune a lelegrum from Mr
F ll Small, president <>f lhe Liberal |
association, wlilcli 1 will read: |
"Ai a    meeting   ol the Cranbrook i
Liberal association the following re I
solution   was    unanimouslj adopted: j
Vftei receiving   the full contents   ol,
ibe proposed  irath- agreement, he it
resolved thai we heartll) endorse (lie ,
same as being entirely iu Hie      bes
general Inleresl of   British Columbii
and Canada, n undoubtedly now    i
admitted tn he mosl  beneficial      I
ibe  lumbering   coal mining and cok
industries.      While    there have beei
some fears as   lo the effect upon ou
not deny is an authority, who lias a
right to speak Ior British Columbia
fruit growers. 1 believe Dial, the
wrltul of this is the Hon. .1. II Tin
ner, agent general for British Co
lumbla, in Loudon for many years,
and a man very well known in l,ie
Industry In that province, As agent
general in London il is part ol his
duty to further Uie interests of the
fruit growers in that great markel,
and be has taken a personal and very
Intelligent interest in doing so, lla
concludes a letter publisbeil in the
'Standard of Kmpire,' as follows:
"My view nf tbe situation is thai
the Important large fruil growers of
British Columbia have now so far
advanced and so control tlte market
tbal they will not sutler materially
from reciprocity, nnd ns I think it is
generally considered thai  the     trull
l umb
in is
t\\ 11
1  ill
ling and gri
fruit Industry, we
see no occasion foi alarm, hut on
the olbei band gratification. The re
suit will clearly be that om local
markel will he greatly Increased b)
ibe stimulating of the above Industries, and the demand will, as ul
wnys heretofore, far exceed the sup
nly Further the new regulation will
he an incentive to ihe better picking
and    packing nf ibe    home produce
Viewing   lhe   whole   sil uut imi  we  feel
Dial those, engaged in the fruil in
dustrv have no well grounded feats
as io the operation of ilu- proposed
treaty, but we might respectful!) '
urge Ihal ibe regulations governing .
fruil entering Canada he rigidly en
E   II  Small, president "    |
Also a telegram   from the Merrill, I
liritisli Columbia, Liberal
tion; another from Victoria, anothei
from lhe Vernon Liberal association
—Vernon is the heart ol the Okanagan ilistrict; another from Prime Ilu
perl, and as Prime Ituperl is the
newest cily we have in the wesl 1
will icad it:
"Resolved, thai this meeting ol
citizens at Prince Rupert, held under
the aiisplecs of tbe Prince Rupert
Liberal association, do hereby ex
press our strong approval oi ihe re
eipineity or freer Hade agreemenl
so skillfully framed l,\ the represent
at Ives of Canada, covering the polic)
approved bv both political parties
since confederal ion, ibe ratification
of wh ith we believe will increase (he
material and Dnancial welfare nl all
Canadians, while in no wav interfer
ing wiih Camilla's autonomy oi imperilling the impel uil preference
which Canada at the Instance of the
Liberal part) bas freely given tu
Oreat Britain "
There is also a resolution from tlie
New Westinlnstei and Clillliwack as
sociations, 1 know ibat my lion
friend probably does imt set much
store hv ibese, but all the same.
even Liberal associations may repre
sent public opinion in ilu- province of
llritisb    Columbia    I   have one    from
Ubcrni, another from the district ol
my lion friend from \eu Westmln
stcr, and a Idler whieh I have re
reived from a fruit growei in Orand
Forks      li reads1
Bear Sn' I take tl ppmluuily nf
placing lieforc you my views in ion
nection with the proposed new tariff
and the British Columbia fruit growers I believe it WOUld help lis foi
the following reasons:
The new tarifl would open up a
larger and better market for the
fruit growers   ol    British Columbia, I
grown in   British C
belter quallt)    than
the country   to (be
ers of the   province      	
continued prosperity,"
j 1 submit, Mr Chairman, that my
hon friend from Vale-Cariboo (Mr
Bui till), who made a very length)
speech   deploring     that  this govern
,ment had inflicted   a smashing blow,
'as he said, upon the fruit Industry,
Will agree wilh   me that  some       of
I ibese authorities are worthy or crcd-
' etiee, and that they cannot he luiigh-
ed away and sneered at.     No      one
[knows British Columbia better than
lhe Hon. Mr. Turner, and no one
knows heller—I will not say lhe
fruit growing industry,, but I will say
thai no one knows better the mar
keting of tho fruit grown In British
Columbia than he does "
lu reference to the lumber Industry
Mr. Templeman spoke as follows;
"I desire to say lhat this agreemenl will be uf enormous benefit to
ibe Industries of British Columbia.
We have extensive areas of limber
lauds, probably the mosl valuable in
Canada, or on llie continent, ami the
lumbering Industry is possibly the
ilargest of our industries For many
years lhe lumbermen of lhat province have been petitioning this government, ami I presume lhe previous
! government, lo impose ajluty upon
| rough lumber coming into Canada.
The duty on rough lumber was removed from IN to 2(1 years ago, and
Since (hat lime rough lumber bas
entered Canada free of duty, ami no
governmeiil has ever seriously
thought nf re imposing (he duty s.>
long as lumbei was sin h an imlis
peusible article in Manitoba, Alberta
and Saskatchewan. This agreement
proposes free tiade iu lumber, aud ii
removes from the United Stales
tarifl the (1.25 per thousand on
rough lumber going into the I'nited
Slates, and reduces the duly mi
shingles from r»u cents to :iu cents a
thousand The effect of this will be
lo give lo the Canadian lumbermen
the United states market. When this
announcement was flrsl made the
Mountain Lumbermen In British Columbia misrepresented its full pur
port, aud came out with a statement
against il, but since then, having
bettei information, tbey have with
(dawn then lirst declaration with respect to the agreement and now approve Of il. Let me quote brief))'
ibe authorities I have in support of
(he agreemenl from the standpoint of
the British Columbia lumbermen, and
it is from thai standpoint alone that
I am speaking Mr. A D. Macrae,
lhe manager of thc second largest
Sawmill in the world, whieh is located at New Westminster, makes the
statement, and I think my hon.
friend from New Westminster (Mr.
Taylor) knows Mr  Macrae   nml   will
incut* mi (he lumbering industry
ihai province will be highly In
i i.il As il wa.s   round impos
to pul a duty on American
bet coming into Canada, for
benefit especially of western
the next besl thing was ti
tbe free admission of British Columbia lumhei into the United States."
Thai is the opinion of Mr, Alexander McLaren, a member of one of
tile largest lumbei ing linns operating
both in the Ottawa valley and in lhe
province of British Columbia.
| "The British Columbia lumbermen,
wilh thc opening of the California
market, can just as easily send Ium
her from Vancouver or New Wesl ■
I minster or Victoria as from a Puget
Sound port. H is evident that the
lumbermen will derive great benelll
from the free admission of theli? lumber into the United Stales,
I "Another industry iu which British
; Columbia will gain is that oi coke.
That province
Hike 250,01111 tons
Valuable Experiments Conducted in Washington. — Charpitting
Stumps Succesfully. ~ Nominal Expense.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable Crenel) regulator; never lulls. These
pills are exceedingly powerful in rinitiating the
HtJtieratlvu portion uf tlie luintilu system. Ketu?e
nil cheap Imitations. Dr. Ue Van's are sold at
ftttt box. i.r three lur fill. Mailed tn anv udilress.
Tlte Snobell Urns Co.. Ut. 0*tl.urines. Orit
For wale nt Bcutic.  Murphy &.  Co..
(Address hy \V. il. Sparks, Supervisor   of    Dom ous I ration    Farms,
Washington State  College,   Pullman,    Washington,   Before    the
Kami       Products      Association,
Evorctt, Wash.)
It is a great pleasure and honor to
me to he invited   to address yon today.        1   believe lhe event   lhat  calls
you together is llm fore-runner of a
better umlerBlandhig and of heller
relations hei ween Hie dwellers of the
city and country, a much more satis-
produces something [factory arrangement of those means
of coke every year. !o( co-operation which must  resull hi
little   less   than    forty   cents each, | tamping or packing the cover, leaving
Most of that is used in British   Co » mutual benefit Id all parties.    Tin
lumbla,   hut    some itii.iimi or 70,000 cltlos must have tho support of pros
tons have heen shipped to the United pcrous Individual communities and ai
Stales.     There is a large market iu jagrlcultur
the United States for coke, while
have unlimited quantities of good
liking coal on Vancouver Island, ami
iu the Crows Nest Pass. Many of
tho coke ovens have been idle, particularly those on Vancouver island, for several years. This agree
ment removes the American duty of
20 per cent, or about $1.20 a ton,
and the producers of coke in llritisb
Columbia will certainly benefit to
thai extent, as there are a great
many smellers south of the boundary
line which will use coke from British
Columbia, The coke producers, then,
stand to heiielit to a very large degree by the removal of the duly.
"But probable the most important
feature of (his agreemenl lo British
Columbia is the removal of the duty
ou lish going into the I'nitcd States.
British Columbia is unquestionably
the largest producer of lish in lhe
Dominion ol Canada. Last year it
headed all lhe provinces with an
output of some $io,0flo,nnn worth.
We have on the coasts of llritisb
Columbia immense banks of halibut,
cod, herring ami other lish. Consider
im a moment the halibut Industry.
The banks of the halibut were exploited for the lirst time about len
years ago by the New England Fish
company, an American compan)
which operates on the west coast
of Vancouver Island, In (jueen Char
lolle Sound, in Hecate Straits, Dixon tin trance, and on the west coast
of Queen Charlotte Islands. The
catch was shipped to the Boston
market from Vancouver In bond, this
company has been taking out on lhe
average 10,000,000 pounds of halibut
per year I believe that their out
lay for transportation and express
charges, the outfitting ol the steamers, and (lie paying of their crews,
would approximate nearly (1,000,-
000. Tbey, at all events, pay the
Canadian Pacific railway alone, over
| $500,000 a year for carrying theli
halibut to the Boston market. That
I Canana has gained because we gave
to this American companv the prtvl
lege of bonding their lish through
Canada to the American markets
The duty of | cent per pound impos
ed by the I'nited States on halibut
is prohibitive With that duty, uo
[lish   can he   sent in     Canadian hot
Hie foundation and
support of all Industries, (hey are
learning that they are vitally interested in all lhe factors that are conducive of prosperous attractive rural
enterprise. We are sending away
from our Pacific Northwest millions
if our money every
of the soil    which
as lhe fruil    growers <
gel   heller     pines     for
than iheir neighbors to
The fruit   growers     j
■f Washing! j
No   1 apples
tbe nortb
■i Washington
have never been competitor* "f Brit
isli Columbia trull growers in the
Northwest markets with No 1 fruit,
hul with the new tariff the British
Columbia fruit growers ran compete
with them in iheir better markets al
Chicago, New York, etc
It has always been conceded that
Keltic vallev fruit growers could gel
a better priee f..i their No 1 fruit If
thev had enough apples to interest
the large buyer-.       C rider lhe       new
tarifl the larger buyers In thc United
States could operate In Washington
and   in   louthern   British Columbia,
and get a very large quantity of
fruii operating In a very small radius, thus placing the Keltic Vallev
Iruit on equal footing with the Washington
Yours very sincerely,
Thomas A. Mclntyre."
Mr. Templeman proceeded lo refer
to the attitude of ihe Vancouver
hoard of trade ami of the Summer-
land, Okanagan, fruit growers, In
support of the reciprocity measure,
also quoting al length au editorial
from tlto Summerland Review (Con),
strongly in favor of the agreement
Mr Templeman nexl referred to
ihe altitude ol Hon -I II Turner,
agent general foi it c in London,
"I have anolhci author)I) who I
nm sure mv hon friend uill know,
aad who   I am sine lhe lion   infinite!
sa\  that     he    is a man ol splendid
judgment, whose opinion is ol   greal j in jt       Dot now
value.     Mr. A. I)   Macrae, managing   The   success    of
director of     lhe    Canadian Western
I.limber    company, owners of       the
second largest mill in lhe world,   al
New Westminster, says:
"The Hritish Columbia lumbermen
would benefit greatly liy reductions
made hy  Ihe  I'nited Slates "
Senator King, of the province of
New Brunswick, who is largely Interested in the lumber irade of thai
province us well as the province of
British Columbia, has expressed himself as strongly in favor of the agree-
inent. Mr .1 0. Cameron, of the
West Home Lumber company,      who
totus to the I nited Stales. Numerous companies in British Columbia
bia did try the experiment The
tirst to try was a Victoria company, but it did not continue thc
business more than a few months,
because it found there was no profit
what is the ease''
^^^^^^^^ tlie New Kngland
company encouraged many other
companies and today there are at
least 2(1(1 boats going out oi Pugel
Sound ports, fishing In precisely llie
same ground, (hat is, outside the
three mile limit nf the coast of Brit
ish Columbia, capturing from 50,000,-
inin to 7*1,(1(111.(Kill pounds of halibut,
ami shipping it all over the United
Stales. That great industry should
he in Canadian hands, and could be
very easily placed there onee this
treaty goes into force. Our Canadian
ports are from 200 to -iim attics near
er the fishing grounds    Hum Seattle,
computing all our time at tweiity-livr
cents per hour. We personally investigated several tracts being cleared hy this method and have much
reliable data, some of which is more
favorable than thai obtained hy our
iwn work, lu (he meantime while
carrying on these Investigations and
experiments we have given many pub
lie demonstrations ami lectures ami
from a few scnltccing Individuals
each with a method of his own, we
now have hundreds who are charpitting, or are preparing to, We are
beginning to see some light, are beginning to know why some succeed
better than others, Nearly everyone knows, who lias experience iu
clearing laml, that any old wel Ol
perfectly green limber can be burned
providing we have enough good fuel
for starting, and we pile onto a good
fire, while hy itself no amount of
coaxing will avail. Let us Invest!
year for products gate some of these causes. First we
could he produced   have the match tipped with a    mix
operates iu tlte isiamf of Vancouver,
with headquarters in the city of victoria, has published a long letter e\
'plaining the agreement ami strongly
endorsing ihe same In (hat letter
he says:
"Thi> lumber operator who is not
pleased at ihe prospect of having
such a market as lhat of the United
Slates thrown wide open to him
must he afflict cil with a perpetual
'grouch. "
Mr. Alexander McLaren, of the
Darnell Lumber Mills, a very prominent lumberman ot the city of
I Vancouver, with very extensive iutcr-
[ests in British Columbia, says:
I "The agreement will place the Ium
her business of all Canada in a
!much better position than before
The removal tit duties on the products consumed ia our lumber camps
and at our milts, which are at all
times very high-priced In British
Columbia, will have the effect of re
duciiig the cost ot production. Wc
dn not manufacture shingles, hut Hie
reduction of in cents a thousand iu
tlte American (arid will he a great
gain 1 o shingle manntact tu el s in
British Columbia
"While I am Uncertain to what extent il will enable British Columbia
lumbermen to
ibe Vmerlcttn
and besides. Ihe American fishing ves
sels hnve no right to lish inside   the
; three mile limit, or use our harbors
for any purpose, .iml it is very expensive for them to catch the halibut
|in lhe open sea and then go ti
Seattle    to     discharge    their cargo
.That entire industry can he momtpol
Izcd bv our Canadian lisltermcn, and
scarcely a year will elapse afler ihis
agreement comes into force before
lhe entire halibut fishing Industry in
British Columbia will be in Canadian
bands. If    the    catch of the New
Kngland Fishing company Is any
thing as valuable to the country as
it is said to lie, approximately some
thing like n.iHM!.ni.o. surely the addition of the catch now going to
Seattle of five nr six times as much,
[ will be of incalculable benefit to British Columbia.
j "So I say lhat nn all points, on
lhe ground of the improvement       iu
.the coke Industry, on the ground of
the greal    Improvement thai will re
(suit in the lumber Industry, and on
(lie ground especially of the cum
inoiis hcnc.lt Ibat will accrue tn Ibe
fishing Industry of British Columbia,
I bis proposed nrrangeim-nl should
commend itself lo lhe province.
While   my   Imn      friend from   Yale-
iu abundance here if we had the land tare of such highly combustible nia-
leared of the remnants o. the forests terial that very slight friction causes
that have been so profitable in the ignition which in turn sets fire to the
pasl that we have losl sight of the stem of the match, this lires the
value of the land for other much more shavings, the shavings the kindling
lasting and profitable industry. This and so ou. The more favorable ma-
brings us to the subject of our talk terial by the heat generated pie;mr-
loday, the clearing of the logged-ofl ing the next. If you will shave ofl a
land, or thai pan of the problem ribbon of wet wood and apply a
shat has given us the greatest burning match to the end, by oh
trouble in the past, removing lhe serving closely you will see a change
slumps. We think il would be of in tin- color of lhat wood; that most
interest to most of you to know some- exposed to the (lames of the match
thing of (he work that has he-i d'T.e being dried burns and dries other
and 1 will give an outline as briefly portions, the water being evaporate,!
as I can from the first effective start, as the burning proceeds and if hurneh
To your city chamber of commerce in tbe open air will resull in more or
under the efficient management of less complete combustion, leaving
Klmer K. Johnston, who was (hen nothing but the ash. If we would
ils secretary, belongs the credit of confine the beat generated within a
being the first to take up and agitate small space around the   wood,      the
the necessity of and bring Into existence the Washington Slate Logged
()IT Land association, which, acting
llirough a legislative committee, procured an appropriation from out-
Stale Legislature ot $5,000 made
available after the Federal Depart
ment of Agricdllute had spent a like
amount   iu   Investigations.    The de-
drying and burning would be greatly
facilitated, and again whin we can
control the amounl of air, admitting only sufficient for slow combustion, thus driving off the gases and
carbonizing (charcoaling) the fibre h
the wood, we have ihe essential fac
tor in charcoal horning. We have
learned    from the   miners of Alaska
partmeiit of   agriculture was willing   that old togs in frozen gravel can be
lo co-operate with the
placed the work in charge
.1. Sptllman, director <
management, Washington,
state and burned by building a little fire at
if Prof. W. one end in such a way Ihal as the
f the farm burning proceeds the fro/en gravel
B.C., and will be thawed and fall down and
Prof. Splllman appointed Harry cover the fire. In the same way en-
Thompson, of Seattle, special agent ginecrs tell us who have laved logs
lo carry on the work within the over a swampy piece of ground as a
state. Mr. Thompson has gathered first foundation for n roadbed, cover-
valuablc data on the cost of clearing ing over with   soil, that
laud, much of which has been condensed into bulletins, which may be
had fnr the asking of the department
of agriculture Having received the
appointment of supervisor of demonstration farms, I assume the duties
nf tbe otlice June I. 1000, ami making a tour of inspection to learn the
needs of the different sett ions
impressed   wilh'lhe iinportanci
dry season if the ends of these logs get nn
fire, the lire will follow the full
length of the log under the grade,
thus burning old wet material that
could not possibly be burned iu the
open. This principle applied lo Ibe
stump we have called charpitting
and on favorable soil we prepare the
was stump by removing the bark down tn
of   the ground and if the stump is green
;or bas some water soaked sap wn
finding some heller and cheaper met
hod of clearing land, a method wilh- 'we believe that chopping through the
in the reach of the homchuildcr nn ' sapwood in a few places to the live
Ihe land, as I believe tn them will jwood below will aid the lire reaching
fall in the future as in the past the good wood. We next procure some
greatest part nf this burden. My |dry wood, broken nr cut, about the
method of procedure In this as well .size of ordinary stove wood, and seas in other lines nf similar wnrk is ' beting some of the best for our start,
to seek those who have the reputa- I we pile the wood around the base of
tion of being most successful in   tbe j the stump, commencing on   thc   side
the soil loose and open, and purpose
ly so plopilig lhe first shovelfuls
und the base at (he ground so
thai there will he small openings to
dmit ait on lhe start, covering
closer as we proceed up toward the
(op or (he wood. We think il advts-
iihle In use a few shovelfuls nf fine
soil around Ihe slump al lhe upper
part or our wood nfler lhe covering
of soil has been put ou so as to close
the small openings at the lop nf our
pit, as llie heal generated by our
lire would huve a tendency to raise
uml escape through any openings. We
want to conserve tbat heat and ion
ceiilratc it onto (he stump. The pie
paratlon of Uio stump ami first firing
Is much (he greater pari of the
work. We can afford to use some
care in (his lirst work. Wc soon
learn to judge (he right conditions by
experience, n lighl covering being
more favorable to rapid burning, hut
not so good a protection against adverse conditions, such as rains o»
high wings. We learn thai blue
smoke issuing through sonic of lhe
small holes in the covering Indicates
the burning of the carbon aud calls
for more cover. A dense white
smoke indicates escaping gases and
steam and right conditions. Gradual
ly the lire eats ils way into the
stump and after the first day docs
not need attention oftener than each
morning and each evening, when all
lire showing beyond or through the
covering should be covered over,
pushing the hoi earth next to lhe
lire over onto lhe lire and replenishing with fresh earth as often as necessary to keep cover of sullieient
thickness, but when the lop of tbe
stump is burned off, complete Uncover. This practically finishes the
work. Tbe roots may continue, if
large, burning (or several weeks. If
Ihere are any large roots near the
surface they should be covered ahead
of lhe file. Does this method burn
out lhe roots? is the question asked
more than any other. We answer,
yes. All that We know who have
given this method a fair trial agree
that it is cleaner lu Its work than
any other method tried. There is
um any room for doubl hut what
this method will affect a very great
saving on lhe day soil and to adapt
it to the unfavorable conditions havo
received our special attention lor the
past few weeks. We have not reached any definite conclusions yet, our
work being all iu lhe experimental
stage. Our first trial was iu an
endeavor to find some cheap material
that could he sprinkled on or mixed
with the soil to act as a binding
agent holding the fine particles to
gcther. None id these experiments
were entirely satisfactory. We received some encouragement for further trial in the use of lime mixed with
the soil just the same as you would
prepare mortar for   a wall.      There
particular line of work under investigation. I soon learned tbat a few
in the southern part of the state
using a method similar to that
of stump from which the wind i
blowing, so that when our lire it
lighted lhe wind will assist in carry
ing the lire around the stump. We si
employed in burning charcoal. Karly | arrange nur wood lhat it will luiii September I visited the farm of |continuous all around the base of the
Harry Young near Woodland, Who stump, the lop of each succeeding
had invited his neighbors lo enme stick lapping into nr alongside oi
and see. Continuing investigations j thai preceding it, and so arrange
I was convinced of the practical | that it will burn and tbat lhe fire
value of Ihis method and gave      the (will follow.    The amount needed will
first public demonstration at Woodland during a meeting of Cowllta
County Pomona, October 2Mb, 1800,
Continuing lhe work as opportunity
offered I learned that lhe method
was not successful except where
there was sufficient clay in lhe soil j and
used to cover in tbe fire to pn»ven1 j good
vary with the si/e ami conditions    of
the stump, in extreme dry weather a
small quantity of (he old dry material   will   suffice, but as the wel season   and   general   unfavorable conditions advance we must use more fuel
look carefully    in the start. A
^^_^^_^^^______^^__^_ whcelhurrnw load  will usually;
pulverizing effect of beat, as j |M. sufficient for the average stump.
very tine dust nr sand would nm in j say thirty-six inches in din me lei
and smother the lire. Having some This completed we gather up some
lime to spare from other duties I ! pieces nf bark, rotten wood, chips 01
was asked in co-operate witb Mr. j ferns it tbey are convenient, tilling in
Thompson at llie camp of lhe Lake [around the top of the wood to keep
Whatcom Logging company, near Bel- | the dirt cover trom falling in he
I Ingham, in some experimental work , twecn Ibe fuel and the stump on the
where we tried In locate the cause nf | start and With a shovel cover over
the I rouble and find a remedy, but j the wood fmm the ground to lhe
was tailed away from the work    be- |stump at the lop    nf the wood wilh
fore reaching definite results. Beginning again the first of September
this year we determined on a closer
study id all Uie causes contributing
to success under favnrable conditions
and on .the soil where Hint success
had been achieved. Co-operating
wilh the Citizens' club, nt Chehalis,
Mr. Thompson and myself went to
the farm nf    Henry Duperlies, where
We pitted one hundred stumps, lining | must   be   envered    over
all the work    ourselves, successfully | wrong.     We cover but
burning out ninety-seven nt n cost nf
send Iheir lumber Into ('nrihnn     (Mr      Burtell) tears there
market, I have      no   )imy lie some disturbance in the fruil
loi  Viilet'ailbiMt   (Mr.   Burridl) will   doubl     that the   effect ot the agree    Industry and while quite a number of   low
very-respeet able men are of lhe opinion thai thnt industry will he In
jured, yel dom the fuels as we know
Ihem, and from lhe evidence I have,
I am   bound,   to believe   thai their,
fears are gioundless and Hint the re-|,he fi0" inln —.^
sulls Ihey anticipate will not      toi-1 would he mixed with the wood,    instead of being over tbr   wood. Avoid
the exception of a small opening led
on tbe side where we have put nur
kindling for the first start, where wc
usually put some lark nr old chunks
of wood arranged in such a way as
to prevent the dirl from falling into
tbe fire on the start. We find thai
many who have heard of this method
have a wrong Impression of this
cover, believing that the whole stump
which   is
 inu'l   pnr
tion of the average stump, a layer uf i
three or four inches nf soil over   our •
wood   heing   ample,   and this    soil
should be spaded   up    and laid onln
lhe wood   with reasonable care.    Bo ■
not stand   oil at    a distance      and
throw tbe soil, as    Ibis would break I
"'■ i would be one redeeming feature
j the use of lime as we would bave a
valuable fertilizing agent added to
the soil by its use. Passing over
the details of these experiments we
pass on to some of the most promising, and am pleased in say tbat I
think we shall Bolve tlie problem.
Perhaps mu so satisfactory as we
would wish to do, but to that extent
that there will be a decided Improvement over present methods. Our effort has been lo find a cheap artificial cover and lo reduce the amount
necessary by this use of a concentrated fuel. We have used coal cinders and clay hauled onto the ground
from the most convenient supply, to
good advanlage. We prepare the
stump by digging a narrow trench
around it. sloping lhe bank out at
tnp in such n way that tin- sandy
loam soil will mil run Into lhe fire
when hot. We tilled iu with a small
portion nf clay nr cinders, then placing out fuel in much (he same way
as we did before, we proceed In covet
with clay or cinders Experiments
have Indicated that ihe concentrated
fuel requires less covering and being
placed in (he narrow ttenth around
the base nf the slump, (be fire is
started lower down ami the work U
done much mole rapidly. Wc have
used one lo two gallons of fuel oil
wilh small quantity of wood, pieces
of bark, old broken up wood and
placed in trench to receive the nil
which wc pour in nu top of tbis, before covering wilh the clay or cind
ers, At the present time fuel oil
(a low grade crude petroleum) can he
purchased fnr about four cents a gal
hm in large quantities, nr $3.60 fnr a
fifty gallon barrel. In conclusion I
will say thai there are several good
promising experiments yet lo be
tried. Our effort will he tn adapt
tbe charpil method as far as possible
In lhe varied conditions of nur soil.
small particles, whieh
♦ President : T. S. Oil i.
T       Secret a rv: H. Macdonai-d
2 For information regarding land* i
♦ nnd   agriculture   apply   to the <
♦ Hecretarv, Cranbrook, 11. 0,
♦ Meeting
♦ .   Kvery ifcond Wednesday
\-/e wilt evciyoneto toiow
Ilpt wc are unyiniJ *
c-4# Interest^
pcrammm cifJitcJ in'llilr
> rS ujwavU) subject loWith-
drawa\ br chetjMc & -*
Wc invest rconef for clients
iu first inorlSaAw&ooa
(Snicial fetntiiiibiBitiiSii.
We wonlYtUir saving accnT
Sifyoii ate not savin j *
somaticJf, *•*■*•*■
* * + easily lianJlcS —
Wean send ty Draff,
Pout Office + express
Order or Rc&lstercJT*-^
Letter & withdrawals
can be matte*"* ■>"?■••
*» auy v^'i^J wish*
Wave Responsible
Rcferto^* + » -
or To anyone In*
Write us about it to-toy
Doit now!!!!!
Vancouver BX/,>
that an application wilt be made under Part V. of the "Waler Act,
1009," to obtain a license in thc
Cranbrook Water District.
(a). The name, address, and occupation of the applicant: KossSaski-
(oon Lumber Co., Ltd., bead ollice,
Waldo, 11. C., capital $55,000 in 5000
shares of Him each. Amounl paid
up $100,000.
(b.) The name of the lake, stream,
or source (if unnamed, the description Is): A spring in Timber License
Mo, 32017, in the canyon near the
(c). The point of diversion: At lhe
(d). The quantity ol water applied
for: One cubic fool per second.
(e). The character of the proposed
works: A dam, pipe, and a water
(f). The premises on which tl.e wai
er is to be used (describe same):
The logging railway of the applicant .
(K). The purposes for which tbr
water is to he used: Supplying loco
(j). Area of down laml Intended
to lie occupied hv the proposed
works: None except  highway.
(k). This notice was posted on (be
1Mb day of Kebruaiy, 1011, and ap
pliealion will be made to the Coin
inissioner on the Itb <la\ of April,
(I). QlVD Ute names and adiliesses
of any riparian proprietors or lieen
sees who or    whose lands aie likely
lo be affected i»y the propoicd
works, cither aho\c or below the
outlet! The Maker Lumber Company,
Ltd., and Fred Hammond.
Koss Saskatoon Lumber Co, Ltd.,
II   11. Ross
Waldo, B. c I .H
TAKE    NOTICK tbat   1, John J.
Johnston, of Fort Steele, B. C, occupation Farmer, Intend to apply for
permission to purchase tbe following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted nt
tbe north-cast corner of Lot No.
8100; thence 20 chains cast, thence
40 chains south, thenco 20 chains
west, tlience m chains north lo placo
of commencement.
John .1. .lohiistoii.
Dated February 7th,  1911.   52 9t*


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