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Cranbrook Herald Jul 19, 1898

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Array VOLUME   1.
CHANBBOOK,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   TUESDAY,   JULX    1!).   1808.
NUMBEB 18.
The Canadian Bank of Commerce,   j
Hon. GBO. A. Cox, Preslileut. "• B. Wai.kku, Gen, Man. '
PAID-UP CAPITAL, $6,000,000,00,
ORDEREDTO DESTRUCnONi^^r^TiMsr!;
!   j soon discovered tliat the insurgent Co-
Accounts of   Corporations,   MerehantB   ond    Individuals
reoelvod on favorable  terms.
SAVINGS  DEPARTMENT—Deposits of  sl oo and upward
reoelvod and ourrent rates o( Interest i.iloweil.
Drain nml oredltB Issued, payable at all points.   Exohange
purohased
!
OB AN BROOK BltANOn will be open for busiuess 111 llie courra oto    I
—i ..„■  ,i    few ilnys. J
m........................ .ffl». ................,'.*. a-a-S
i.'i
I bans fiom ibe .shore were Bhootiog on
A Forloril liopC Attempted h)'  Order Of  the   men   who  were   struggling ia the
n     m-iI tn   t*A i wa*er, aftefhaving fiitreudered to us.   1
USlierai DianCO, ituinedialely  pnl a stop to ibis, but 1
  i could not put a stop Lo the mutilation of
CERVERA'S FLEET WAS DESTROYED ~£„■""•■"bjr ••"• ,1"**1"' **"'*•? ib°
The captain's story concludes with a
Tho Story ag Bolntod by Captain description of how many of ibe Span-
'■ -,rda were rt scued ami taken aboard the
Ta) Keep your Eye on •.•* ».<
"ELKO"
The New Townsite o( East Kootenay.
I
■
Vy iimih GI-STRII or iiNi-: ov the itinnt-iT minimi ihsthkits i.i min- i"?
'•> '    1   IslH'.ihnnl.la. silu;ll,.,,iillii. Main I lm- ,.f ill,' i tnv.i Nnst I'.iss Hallway, only 1.' -.'X
ran,. lanestuisl Minos In 11 in*/, IliiMl Walor l'.i»-or In nut If
flfoo nr,llionntunal fijil'lims il llio>>lvmvi.noithai ill win uis.il lio trouble to W
lm- siiai,. Iiaia- a .a 1 .-   J ... i.i ..:»-,-, :• a-i I k.-,i -.Hi ilia-- miiii lymiuillj
>'imi. t.illiUvlii"'.   -Kill,'- ssWl I. an I I. mi Hill, sltimlo on n li llll ali-l level iilnlreiil. fX
Tliwonre snots Hero ami there In Una worm ivlmwllniiy-'i niiii' Ntniiwet mcotsiir- Vv
-.;■■ ii-Ku a,„l ,-,'v,.| in 1,1-n.iV! » .- Ill ■ saiil:- .-'i .nn .1 aaa I !„■ ii,i;,p-.i.iii. ivn'hv.l Inn;; '- ' j,
I':■ rei ur tu lli inory win ilel » i   Ono nl ilms ■ s|int> is "l-.l.K 11," tliougo a very sun l .i\-
<? '-, iiortlon «i tlio uoonlo linns In Knotongf kn uv ui lis rual bonn y.   Mmo ivniit aol.1. y a
IA* Sum,, mini sllvi-r.   I at iillnust everyboil, ivlll nam lot. Iii tin- Ni-w Town ot ''Elko," IV
fX He Hum llioj mu aa,l alivayj will bo a ilunto i-uiua lility, an I nro la-oil!) lolulng. Vfe
](•)        lll'S'l nny .uu aa.i ..n, ii
'f(i) ...... ....a...
ti
Choice Business and Residence Lois, ,10x100 feel, witb 20 loot Alley,     ffl
$50.00 to $200.00 Each.
44*4»*ttaV<ite
! Easy Payments Title Guaranteed
Tor Maiis nml lurllit-r particulars apply to
19 HEAD OFFICE   ■   ■   ■   NELSON, I). C. X. Q. PROCTER If
rrancli onices; Manager (s),l
fl *-''K°' '"s-n1,.; ^?M,iiii.,toiay1''''''r   Tlle Km"1""*1**"- Valleys Co., Ltd. ®I
I.;-' ' * ' I '* :' "■": : '. '. I ' ' I Piif * 'ilf^'liiiilf
n
I
j    O. A. BURGE.
i East J?
PRANK McQUISTON.     >
lotel s
CRANBROOK, B. C. McQuiston & Burge,        j
Proprietors.
Enl.11 cad. Refitted and Furnished.
Best of accommodations for Travelers. j
•nu: nu 1 in- WineS) Liquors and Cigars ^l^^1'"
Feed and Livery Stables in connection with the Hotei. 1
J. J. I.AMONT. J. GRIBR
LAMONT & GRSER
Contractors and Builders   <s   >.*   ^
Plans and Specifications Furnished.
Estimates Tlatlc on all classes of Work.
.»»a*. GENERAL JOB WORK a* a*»
I'ROMI'l'I.V    AND    SM'ISI'AOTOKll.V    .MTl-NlH-n    TO.
CRANBROOK, B. C.
®|®1®|®|©|©I®I©1S1|®I®I®I®I0I®I®I®I®I®ISI®I®I®I®I®I® I ®
Pioneer Hardware Store.
Kvatia of tho [Jutted States
BaUloehip Iowa.
The batlleihlp Iowa was liic fir**t slilp
in atetlicSpanlth Qeetcouilugoutof the
harbor, A moment later her crew wus
at general quarters ami ut 9:33 "- m- II
Him wai tired tu attract ihe ottentiou of
Lhe Auerieau fleet.
Captain i*,v.ins' account oi llie battle
is tulil in the cabin ot tha Iowa to a cor-
espoudeut of ibu- ABSOcialed I'resi is
nteiesting.   Hu said:
"At the time general orders weresound*
:d ilif engine bell ran-., full speed ahead
and I put tlm helm to lo the starboard
nml Uie Iowa crossed llie bows of the
fnfanta Maria Teresa, the first Spanish
ship out. As the Spauish admiral swung
to the westward the ta-inch shell from
tlio forward turret ol thelowaseemed to
.strike her fairly 111 the bow.
The Iowa from thi-* moment kept up
a steady fire from her heavy guns, heading all the time to keep the Infanta Maria
Teresa OU her starboard bow and hoping
lo ram one of the leadiug ships.
"In the meantime the Oregon, Indiana, Ilrooklin and Texas were doing excellent work with their heavy guns. Iu
a short space pf time the enemy's ships
were all clear of the harbor mouth and
il became evidently impossible for tha
Iowa lo ram cither the first or the second
ship on account of ihe speed.
"The range at this time was apooyards
from the leading-ship. The Iowa's helm
was immediately put hard to starboard
aud the entire starboard broadside was
pouring into the Infanta Maria Teresa.
The helm was then quickly shifted lo
port ami lhe ship went across the stern
of the Teresa iu au effort to head oh' the
Oqueudo,
"The Cristobal Colon, being much
faster than the rest of the .Spanish ships,
passed rapidly lo the front lu an effort to
escape. In passing the Iowa the Colon
placed two 6 inch shells fairly i:i our
starboar I bow.
"As it wns now obviously impossible
lo ram any of the Spanish ships on account of t.K-ir superior speed, the Iowa's
helm was put lo Maiboird and she ran
on a course parallel with the enemy.
Being  then  abreast of the Almiranle
dial
j were
American ships aud made as comfortable
as pi--.sii.U-. Many were frightfully
wounded and mangled. The bottoms of
ihe rescuing boats were Blled with blond
imd five died while living removed to the !
victorious ships, ond were buried with
Capt.
overy
warship was that the Spaniards, numbering over soo men, surrendered everything.
On returning to Manila the captain of
the Irene explained that "he interfered
in the interest of humanity,** and ottered
lo hind over lo the Americans the refugees be bad on board. Admiral Dewey
hns declined to receive them.
Governor General August! has issued
a proclamation promising to grant autonomy lo the islands ami offering tbe in-
surgents inducements to join the Spanish forces.
General Aguinaldo, the insurgent lender, in reply Bald tlie overtures of the
Spanish commander came loo late.
j military honors by their capto
Evans paid a high tribute to the b
of Cervera and bis men.
the Iowa's entire battery, including the
rapid fire guns,   was   opened upon the
Oqueudo.   Tlie punishment was terrific, j
wo 13-inch shells from the Iowa pierced   To Deprive iho U. S of the Fruits
BANT'AGO B9RBBNDBRS.
A TolFgraph BuHotin Received to
Thut Effect.
Saturday telegraph bulletins were received at Wardner and Fort Steele announcing the capitulation of Santiago
del Cuba,
Shatter had notified Toral lhat if the
city did not capitulate by 1 o'clock Fii-
day last it would be blown out of existence. This would have been tbe woik
of a few hours as the navy would operate
from the water side. Shafter had re-
solved upon permitting no more delays
or waste of valuable time as yellow fever
has made its appearance, and ibe war
must now be closed quickly.
Attempted Suioldo.
Upon confirmation of the news of the
destruction of Cevera's fleet, Governor-
General Blanco attempted to commit suicide but was subdued and disarmed.
The shuck was so severe that he was
prostrated ami compelled to keep lo his
Ind for several days When he arose
Ids first order was to prohibit any food
supplies leaving Havana for interior
towns, where the distress is most severe
aud where many are starving daily.
Gen. Blauco says the living conditions
in Havana are constantly growing worse,
the greatest distress necessarily failing
on the Cubans, but nearly ull the food te
sei/.ed for the Uoops.
The coucentrados who hive sufficient
influence with tbe dispensing authorities
sometimes contrive to get one wretched
meal a dny. but the others starve, nnd it
is uo uncommon thing. Blanco snys, to
see persons drop dead iu the streets.
Even Bmong the Spaniards starvation is
rapidly sapping their loyalty and large
numbers of men are banding themselves
together awaking the first American nl-
mei*. on mtvana m a ergnai »ui revoui
FRANOS,   RUSSIA
GERMANY,
the Aim Iran te Oqueudo at lhe same moment, one forward and the other aft.
The Oqueudo seemed to slop her engines
for a moment and h st headway, but she
immediately resumed her speed and
gradually drew ahead of the Iowa and
canght Uie terrific fire of the Oiegon and
Texas.
"At this moiucut the alarm of 'torpedo
boats' was sounded and two lorpedo boat
destroyers were discovered on the starboard quarter, nt a distance of 4000 yards. ,
Fire was opened at once upon them from 1
theafter ba'tervand a 1 a*inch shell cut ! .,
.,              r    '    1   .                         «■ congress of 1878, to settle all questions
the stem ol one destroyer Bquarely off. ,   ,.:',             .    , ■ ,, .„ _,
...     ,  ,.  ,     ,        • .,    '     , *,       I connected with the war, at which meet-
As the shell struck n small totnedo lioat ,,                -,, ,         ,       1:      r ,1
,    ,,     ,      .  ,.     .   ...   ,,      '     ,. ing Germany will demand a slice of the
nnd back  at the l-altles up, sending a   ,,   ...     . ,                        ,■
.....              ,       r       ,     . I 11 ippmes or other compensation 111
shell wMbm a few feet of my bead. ,    ,   ^   ,                          ,   -.i  ,     ,
„„, „                 ,,      ,  J   .          . the lor east, remains true, notwithstaud-
\\e 1 up among   he advancing e-nus-   ,      ,, e ,,           ,   , .    . .     m ■ ,
.   . '    .   ,B.            1 .,      ., iue the careful y-woided denials official*
ers, spitting .-hots .a one and the olber,
was the little Gloucester, shooting first
at a cruiser and then at a torpedo boat,
aud hitting a head wherever she saw it. j
The marvel was  that she was not destroyed  by   the   rain  of shells.    In  the ',
mean lime the Vixcaya was slowly draw- j
of Hor Victoria If Possible.
A Berlin dispatch says the news cabled by the correspondent of the Associated I're-s* on July 5 that he bad learned
on the best authority that Germany,
France ard Russia had reached an understanding relative to tbe rhillippine
Islands by which, when hostilities cease,
they will combine to prevent the United
Slates or Great Britain gaining possession of the Philippines, and lhat when
ar is over au international congress
will be proposed, similar to the Berlin
Up-to date Ranges and Cook Stoves. I
l*'     lu large variety itt prices Lhat are sine to please*.
(.i    Call ond see them before ihey are gone.
.
ly issued by a news bureau here July 3.
As a mailer of fact the correspondent
of the Associated press has secured car-
j loborative details showing that the tie-
! gotialioiis between the three powers are
still   progressing,   aud lhat while il is
not intendedtoexchideGreat Britain,Au-
strlannd Italy from ihe congress, Russia,
is minutes it was Rive ant] take between   „ , ,. >,, ".    .,
.1   .      1        mi.  1*1 e    1      -.1    France and Germany will lake the nn-
ibe two ships. 1 lie \ izcaya fired rapidly 1,, ,.___     __.,_-,_j.i._ _.,..._,, ,., .	
but wildly, not one shot taking effect on
Building' Hardware and Miaers' Supplies. \
I  NEW GOODS ARRIVING DAILY,
ci
(i. II. MINKI*.          ,1,
®|®l®|®|(! ...-...- .••	
ii
11
liativc, provided the situation at the close
of ihe war seems lo cull for a settlement
of the Phillippine quesliou 1-y an international cougresa,
Tbe government press, of course, is
! furious nt this important news having
'leaked   out   prunaturelv, and   some of
1   ■•■■■■■■        '   ■ 1 ' I   ■     '     ' 1        •'!     I  1   -.t 1   CI"    1        , , , , , . ,
,,,      .,    .       ,    ,. ,,i- these papets u.'.ve gone   lo the length of
esa ami the Aluiliaiite Oquendi*, leading t   , '   •        , * .     ,    ,,,      .
,. ,        , ' .     ,    ; Ibrea eiiing the correspiindeiit of llie As-
the enemy's column,  were   seen lo be '       .      , ,. . , , .      ,- r.
,,.;,,,, tin j sicialcd I less with e-apidsion from  Uer*
blading for the   beach  ami  in flames. I '
I The Texas, Oregon and lown poutded ",luy11     ,,     ,     ,
them unmercifully.   They ce-wd firing, I    0a lhfl 0,,,t.r ■»»*■som: «««»«»««
j and in a t^- moments the Spanish cru.s-  W?» "ow admit U|C ,ruUl of tbe "cws
it wildly,
the lown. while the- shells from the Iowa I
were tearing great rents iu the side of:
the Vizcnya.    As the latter passed ahead
of the Iowa she caught a murderous lire I
from the Oregon
At this time the   Infanta Muria Ter-
Q      II. REINEMAN, Prop'r,
fort sn: 1:1.1:, n. 0.
New House, Now Furniture, Every tiling First-class
a mass >>f llanies and on   the
I rocks with their flags down, the Teresa
Hying a while Hag.
j "Meanwhile the Brooklyn and the
Cristobal Colon were exchanging compliment* in a lively fashion a( apparently
lougrango, and lhe Oregon, will! her
locomotive speed, was h-ngiug well on
to tin- Colon, also paying attention lo lhe
cabled to the Associated Pr
CONDITION OF MANILA
Said To Bo Awful, But tlio Town
Mny Forco a Bombardment.
The condition at Manila is said to be
terrible. It is hoped that the town will
surrender without necessitating a bom-
SPECIAL AGKNT POR
Restaurant
opjb Day nnd Night. ANHEUSER-BUSH BEER,
All Ihe D.lteacloi of the Senson,       | Sped il Sample Rooms far TravolliiR Me
Vlscnyo. TheTeresn nml the Oqiicndo I battluient, but the Spanish etilhorltlea
wcrt empty nml Iii nnmtu on the bench »™ obstlnnte ami n capltulntlon la not
jnst jo minute nf nr the first shot was likely. Tlle whole American expedition
tireil. Fifty minutes after llie first shot Is expected here by July 30.
was fire.l the Vizcayn put her helm to I Admiral Dewey, whose attitude hns
port with a great burst of flame from the been particularly humane and lenient,
: hau now declared a complete blockade.
Divisional Headquarter
LIVERY AND FEED STABLES
(JUAMIROOK,    -   -   -
J. II. MCMUL.LIN,
BRITISH   COLUMM-A
;   :   PROPRIETOR.
plete
On lhe 131I1 he sent nway the British
ut comer Hsmeralda, which wished to
tube passetigera for Hong Kong,   The
conduct of tlieGermaiisstill causes grave
suspicion.
SAUOY    GERMAN   GUNBOAT.
TEAMS AND SADDLE HORSES FOR HIRE.
The best possible attention given to cure ol animals while in niv charge.
WAHH V A Rft l hava on hand n supply of seasoned
H \I\J\J I. lllll/ out lo stova lengths, which will ho dc
on order at reasonable price.
wood.
delivered
THE HERALD costs but $2.00 per year.   Subscribe
for it.   Send it to your friends.
after part of the ship and headed slowly
fur the rocks al Acerraaderoa, where she
found her last resting place,
"Afler a chase of 6j miles to lhe westward the Brooklyu, closely followed by
the Oregon, overhauled lhe Cristobal
Cob 11 after she had run ashore and hauled down her flag.
j    "As il was apparent lhat I could not  Balelgh ^d 0 ncord eoon 0aUod
possibly catch the Cristobal Colon aud Oaptaiii.
I lhat ibe Oregon and Brooklyn undoubt- 	
■ edly would, and as the fast New York Manila. July 9, via Hong Kong, July
I was also on her trail, I decided the calls J 13.-—The i u surge 11 ts on Wednesday, July
of hutuanity should be heard and assist-j 6, reported that tbe German gunboat
once given tb the 1200 or 1500 Spanish I Irene in Sublg bay refused lo permit thein
[officers and men who had struck, their to attacktheSpanlardson Grande island,
' colors to the American squadron, com-      Hear Admiral Dewey prpuiptly  dis-
uiattded by Admiral Sampson, I there-' patched the Raleigh and Concord lo in-
; fine headed fur the wreck of the Vizcnya . vebllgale tbe matter. Ou entering Subig
1 now  iHirninu   furiously  fore and   afi.   bay the Raleigh opened fire 011 Uie forts,
Wben I was in as far 11s lhe depth pf the ; whereupon the Irene flipped bur cable
■ water would permit, 1 lowered nil my  and steamed out by the other channel,
I bonis and sent them ut ouce to the nssls* .     The result of the lire of the An.ciican
£ PEOPLE AND THINGS, J
»'i.-,*VV-v>'i*V^VVVV*#*J>'^*P'VV-v>v-?,l'->'yiS
The new road to llie Mission has been
completed.
Tbe gay and festive   railroad  builder
appeareth lit swarms.
Uncle Jim Ryan wasa Cranbrook visitor al the county seat on Friday,
Mrs. Mary Donahue is visiting with
Mrs. Malcolm Melnuess, of Port Steele.
Tbe Cranbrook Sawmill Company Ims
1111 order for all the bridge timber it can
cut.
Dominion Surveyor Burwell, with a
party of five, are at work ou lhe St. Mary river.
Walter Turnbull, a veteran railway
trainman, is among the new residents of
Cranbrook.
K, C. B. Frith, of St. John, N. II., related to mir Fritz, ,Is vi-dliug here, and
may remain.
Miss Brule is a recent arrival from
Coal Cieok, and Iflsoj'Jiirulngat the East
Kootenay bouse.
A petition is in circulation praying f(,r
tbe appointment of G. J, Ililli.ird as
provincial countable.
Attorneys Welniore and Oltrd, the hitler solicitor for the C. V. R., Were Craubrook visitors Thursday.
Oliver Burge, of the East Kootenny
house, was 11 visitor to the "Old low 11 of
the Wild Horse" Friday.
A lock-up is lo be built soon, {Ussaid-
nud a mounted policemen statioued here.
Theie was one oil duty Sunday.
Frank McAlpiue ami Al Swalwetl, two
well-known business men of Wardner,
were visitors in Cranbrook Sunday.
C. J. Eckstortu, a well-known busiuess man of Wardner, was a visitor iu
Cranbrouk Wednesday and Thursday lust.
The Hotel Craubrook is increasing its
capacity for lodj-trs in an effort lo meet
the demands made upon it by thu trav-
The C. P. ambulance is stationed here
uow, a fact that those wbo have to he
hauled over rough roads tu tbe hospital
will appreciate,
"Billy" Foisythe, of the Mountain
Home. Fort Steele, came to Cranbrook
on a tour of inspection. So did Manager
Campbell, uf the Central Cafe.
Fred Kuiser, the I'ort Steele brewer,
was a visitor in town last week, nnd succeeded in placing his beer on draught in
the various hotels of ibe town.
George McTavisll, who had a foot
broken a short lime ago, has gone to his
home at Oak Lake. Man., lo abide until
the injured member will bear use.
When you a crow's nest pass alongside
of Creigbton's grocery, do nut disturb
it, for it belongs lu Ins pet domesticated
crow, whose caws Crelghton w-ulil almost scrap for any lime.
Travelers through Cranbrook say that
the new town of Brooklyu has drawn
nearly the entire population from Kuskanook and the latter place is returning
to its primitive condition,
Messrs. Ross & Herkimer, attorneys
at law, have established themselves in
Cranbrook, Mr. Herkimer bei ig the res
ident member of the firm. Their offices
are over the hardware store.
These are busy days at the Craubrook
hotel, nnd the genial face of Angus Morrison once mure appears behind tbe prescription counter of ibe club-roouiB, in
response tu ihe demands of increased
business.
Constable Barnes was up from Fort
.Steele Friday on official business, ami is
of the opinion that Cranbrook, in view
of tbe large number now present and
more coming, should have an experienced police officer.
An old man who camps In a "brush-
house" near lhe creek was last week robbed of nil his earthly pOIStsiloiISj during bis absence somtune entered his
primitive abode and cleaned out the few
contents—blankets, a coat ami lesser ar*
tides.
A number of Fort Steele's brightest
business men see the handwriting on the
wall, and nre quietly making prepare*
lions to bee-iine established in Cranbrook as quick ns tbe good lord and the
condition of their business affairs will
permit
R. I\, Heat tie, the enterprising proprietor of the Cranbrook Pharmacy, although starting but a few weeks ago witb
] a slock many times too large, the know
I alls said, has found trade In that llncsi
■ brisk that he ll is made very large orders
1 for additional goods.
I    lt is.reported that while making the
! passage    belwcin    Wnrdner   and   Fort
! Steele, the captains of the steamers are
1 obliged   to   have   n   man each  side of
I them with branches *-f bushes to brush
I mosquitos away from him, or he would
, be unable to guide the steamer,
]    Judge lIulehiFnn has a fine little  bay
marc, which ho wns grooming tbe other
day preparatory to letting Attorney H'T
Miner ride it to Fort Steel-:.    The lioise,
being   n  Cranbiook   animal, of course
wanted to look Just right going to the
county sea1, especially as it is an American horso} so, when after currying and
brushing, even to lhe tajl, the judge was
aboul lo quit, the Utile horse turned and
said in horse-talk—su the J. P. says—
"Don't forget lhe mane."
J. Hutchison, J. P., has been appointed a notary public, as well as clerk of
the small debts court. Persons having
business of Unit kind will nol now be
obliged to go to Fort Steele to do it.
His office Ib opposite the Canadian Bank
of Commerce.
Prominent among Port Steele visitors
to Cranbrook Sunday were Mr. Rogers
and his cousin Miss Scott, and Harry
Friz-tell and Miss Frlzztll, his sister;
also Messrs. Charley Armstrong, of the
International hotel; William Doble, manager in Fort Steele for Malcolm Melu
nes, wholesale butcher, and the Kling.
smith Brothers,
No, thut wasn't the whistle of a loco
motive you heard the other liight—nor
of lhe North Star or Gwendoline; neither was it a fog-horn or a whang-doodle on the top of Baker mountain mourning for its mate. Long Oliver bad been
putting in long hours before Frank arrived, Ment to bed early, and was sleeping good and hard at tbat particular moment,
W. II. Dowsing, of the Kootenay Valleys Company, lAd., was a visitor in
Cranbrook Friday, en route to Nelson.
Mr. Dowsing knows only one place In
East Kootenay, and that is Elko, a new
lown recently put on the market by his
company. It is but 12 miles from the
Crow's Nest Coal fields, ii possessed of a
line water power and picturesquely situated on a high and level plateau In
one of the richest and most delightful
countries ou the green earth*—East Kootenay. There Is room for us all; so, success to Elko, A more extended description ol Klku will be found on the lust
page of tlii-* paper. Mr. Dowsing sold a
number of lots in Craubrook.
GOVERNMENT   DEFEATED
Opposition Has a Clear Majority of Two
Without Cassiar,
1 ECHOES OF THE RAIL. *
4  I
* » v v t v -i v '# v v v i> ;* v .' v v ■#■ v *.-- V » y v »
Chief Macleod and Bugineer Garden
were in town Saturday.
Engineer Garden, stationed at Wardner, wns in towu Thursday.
Engineer Goitvcreau was tn Cranbrook
Thursday, eastward bound.
Government Engineer Fellowes was
iu town again last week, en luute eastward.
Contractor McCrtmmin bai gone to
Calgary ami will return soon with his
fau'ily.'
Ties ore being delivered 0*1 the right
of way through town; they are from the
sawmill.
Contractor Guy Campbell has depirted
for tbe east and will soon return with
bis family, who will spend the summer
with him.
hi n short time Cranbrook will be tbe
distributing or supply point for contractors, goods for that purpose already be
ginning to arrive.
Contractor Wellmau's mother and two
sisters arrived from the east last Wednesday night in a drenching tain and an
open hack—an unpleasant introduction
to Beautiful Craubrook.
Dr. Newbern, chief of the C. P R.
medical corps, was a Cranbrook visitor
recently, iu company with Doctors Bro-
die ard Wntt. Dr. Newbern's headquarters are at Lethbridge.
Engineer Richardson is surveying the
v-rious routes lo Mark C-ec-k lor the
North Star railroad, accompanied by
Messrs. Hanning and Smith, Tbey
were camped on the Sl. Joe yesterday.
At the end of last week railroad head-
quarters were located at Rock Creek,
about three miles west of I.Ik river,
where everything is being removed to
from the preceding headquarters, which
were at Bullhead praltle,
Among the recent arrivals of contractors with their outfits and crews are Tom
Carson, Mcl'baU Bros., Cassin 8c McDonald, Messrs. McCrimmin, W. C. Well
man, Guy Campbell, Hugh Grant and
W. S. Reid, each having about a mile
or a mile nud a half of work between
here nud Moyie lake, nud averaging
nbout 1 *5 men to each outfit.
Work on the depot nnd section-bouse
is being rapidly pushed, the men working late and early, and it will be fully
completed before the arrival of the steel.
It is a verv substantial building, the dimension stuff all being very heavy and
properly put together, and everything
connected with lhe structure suggestive of permanence and durability, It
will also be a handsome structure and attractively painted—a credit and oma
ment lo the new town.
NEW   BUILDINGS.
George Gear)*, the well-known livt-rv*
niaii of Fort Steele, has commenced llie
erection of a livery stable on the lot at
the corner of Baker street and Norbury
avenue, just wtst of the But Kootenay
house. Il will be 30x40 feet, and will be
stocked wi h riding and dtiv'ng horses
of nil de criptlons, rigs, nml everything
necessary tu inakt- a good outfit (or a livery business,
The addition being made to the But
Kootenay hotel, now being conducted by
Messrs. Burge & McQuiston, wlllincreasc
Its capacity at leasl one-h.tlf, aud il is
doubtful if it "•'■ill begin, eveu wilh its
enlarged cap icity, 10 fill the demands being made upon its hospitality hy the
traveling public,
Mr. Kennedy, unlil recently n merchant at Bullhead prairie, has commenced the erection, nearly opposite the livery stable, of a building a$x.jo, which he
will occupy witb a stock of grocerlesaud
wholesale liquois,
I    Excavating for Ihe new block to be
creeled by Mr. Hanson Is now in prog-
j roes.    The building will he of the most
Substantial nature, and the second story
; will be finished for an opera*Iiouse.
WHICH IS LIABLE TO MAKE IT A TIE
JJ oc inns, Horde Races rnd Base-
Bali OsmeB Uucertaia Propositions.
The latest Hnd correct election returns
give lhe Opposition 19 seats. Government 15 ard Independent a: in Cassiar
two members ate yet to be elected,which
makes a tie possible.
The Hon, Col, baker departed on .Saturday's boat for Victoria, where members of tiie Government will confer and
decide upon their future policy.
Following is ihe result by districts so
far as it can now lie obtained:
Government—-Comox, Cowichan, E&-
quluiaU t:l, East Kootenay (a), Lillooet
West, Nanaimo North, New Westminster City, Victoria South, Victoria City
{_), Victoria North, Westminster Dewd-
ney, Vale, East riding,
Opposition —Alberni, Caiiboo (3),
Kioteiiay Revelstoke, Kootenay Slocan,
Kooteuay-N&lson, Koote-day-Rouland,
Nanaimo   South,   Vancouver   Cily   (4),
Westminster* Delta, Westminster-Rich*
mond, Vale West.
Premier Turner was defeated in Chilii-
wack, but will be returned from Victoria
City.  i
Mining NOTBa
L*rgo Loaiia Showing on Weaver
Creek and Vicinity,
Frank Becker and Ihomu Donnelly,
two old-time prospectors ar.d miners,
were in recently from Weaver creek,
bringing with them liberal samples of
iron quartz, from which $10 assays; have
been o'otaiiud in geld, a portion of it
Iree. The claim is lhe Highland Mary,
aud was located two years ago on the
summit above Weaver creek, between
tbe forks of tbe North fork. The ledge
is eight feet wide arid ibe prospecting
woik at present consists ol 10-foot holes
at numerous intervals on ibe lead for the
full length of the claim. It is a true fissure vein, evidently, and a tunnel proposition; by diifiing ooo feet cu the lead
a depth of 400 feet will be attained.
Pio'-pector Clover narrowly escaped
losing a valuable horse list week. While
driving up the side <. f the bench west of
town, from the Terry Creek trail side,
the animal balked end rolled dowu hill,
uninjured, without disturbing the pack.
Attempting to take bim up again be re-
pealed the act and rolhd to the bottom.
The thirl time the ascent was attempted and the animal went a'ong al! right,
but after proceeding a short distance on
the bench the horses entrails were dis-
covered to be protruding from its side.
It was unpacked aud lhe wound sewed
up and bandaged ard at last accounts
was cctning 1 ut a!l right. A small but
sharp Slug on a log did tbe damage.
S;*c miles west of Cranbrook Charles
Austin and Deugla-. Gillespie have the
Columbia and Isabella claims, which
they own jointly. The boys are now engage.! in drifting on tbe Co.umbia, Ui«g
in 3*1 feet and calculating 10 make an ad-
di'vional di-,'anre of 33 feet before quitting; they h-ive a 15 inch ore streak of
galena and carbonates. No work below
tbe surface Ins been done on the Isabella, but considerable galena is found io
kidneys at the grass loots. The Great
Hear is the :;anieof another claim owned
hy these gentlemen; it is -situated ou
Palmer mountain, in the vicinity cf the
Hamilton Urotheis' pro ^t:es,-*inil shows
acropping'f seven feet ofquartz, values
undetermined.
From Montana.
William E. Ubby, wife and mother,
Mrs. William Foote and s--n (ieorge. arrived Saturday from Montana by wagon,
two more since arriving loaded with sash,
doors and blinds, and another outfit under the pilotage r-f Emery Walker, laden
with Kalispell butter, potatoes, hams,
eggs, etc. Mr. I.ibby is a partner of Mr.
11. C. Jessup, wbo wai herewith the idea
of locating two months ago, returning
(hence and sending prepaid telegrams to
this [joint which never reached tbeir dea-
tinatiou,
Mr, Jessup will soon return, accompanied by two sisters, who will open miiii eery and il res-making parlors. The
Libit)s are at present the guests of Mr.
Reynolds, the banker, and is a contract*
or and builder.
James Metier, a bustler :'■■ ni Untie, ia
aloi n with a leant ol- big horses and a
logging outfit. All will locate in or near
Cuu-I i< <.k. 	
Cranbiook n Bbrik-
Tbe fixtures for the Canadian Hank of
Commerce are being made and put ia
place, and lhe entire first fl or of the
building In which the bank will be lo-
cnied is being remodeled and great im-
provemenls being .mde under tbe supervision of Mr. S.ott, temporarily in
charge, As soon as the wo k is com.
pitted and the safe has arrived—it caa
not be faraway—-thebank will be opened
to business.
MINES   AND   MINING.
Exclusively, 22 yean banking experience
in ibis range, Colorado, California, &c.
Personal lespouslbitity,   Correspondent:
iat Natloral bank, Chicago.   CodeusetL
A. H. RAVNOLDS.
Crnnhrook. 11, C.
Within a short time Craubrook will
have telegraph ond telephone connection,
wilh trains running into lhe town.
Tbe first couit proceedings held in
; Craubroi k took place last Thursday be-
1 fme Justice Hutchlns, the case being a
I small debt proceeding. The court was
j held iu Mr. Kulchison's residence, ami
Attorney ile.kiu.--r was the pi nuiiff"s
! lawyer, the defense not putting iu an ap-
j peurniicc. )
THE CRANBROOK HERALD,
llKUALD   PUBLISHING   CO Praprtat-na.
TBIUIB   OP   BUBBCmPTlON.
(Invariably In advance.)
(*nt* V.iir J2.K
Bll   Monthi  l.«
WHAT THEY DO.
HliiK i
i ruriiinhe.1 ou u\'\iU
ANXIETIES OF WAR
SIH UKTAItll.S     LONG    AMI    A 1.(1 Bit
\m: iusiii'u uv wuiik.
PRESIDENT'S   FACE    IS     SAD.
itf.il   :tmi   vieo   President
rl SIiiihI I In* St nil ii  \\ llh
nriiiiicii I'uoii Humor,
Prosldenl MeKinley  plnlnly  shows tho
strain of tin- Btress "f war, says a WuhIi-
InKtnn correspondent of tht; Chicago Inter Ocean. None but those who have
been closo to him can realise what the
--(■si three months have mennt io the nation's executive. With full appreciation
or hit* grave responsibilities, knowing tho
power Inherent in his position to affect
results, ami yet cognlsani an the ilayn
■a.-nt i.y i.f his Inability to prevent the
fulfillment uf fat.-, in- ha-* endeavored io
guide events   so   fur   as h,> could in a
i-oursc which will hold liim anil tllQ people blameless lu tin- .-lulu ol tin- world
r.n- whatever may follow. Thai he Ims
withstood tho strain so well boars testimony tu .iin mental pulse ami strength uf
character ami body,
Tho president's demeanor has undergone 11 noticeable change, The affable,
cheery niu.ni which formerly characterised him. has given way to a sternness
nf manner which bullis u humane hut just
Judge called upon to execute n righteous
sentence. A curious Illustration nf Mr.
MoKlntey's temperament is shown in tho
difference in his bearing since thi' pass-
nge of tho resolutions which made war
Inevitable. So long as there was llm
slightest chnnce fm* peace th.- pressure
of uncertainty horo heavily upon him.
and liis face assumed a wan ami hng*
gard look. That i.uik has not entirely disappeared, inn ii is tm longer marked by
anx:,>ty. From tin- momonl tlio decision
was reached which Imposed upon him tho
leadership of n nation at war, ho scorns
to have experienced a sense of relict, for
in- seas liis pathway Btrnlght before him
now, no matter how rough li may be.
Tho president ink-'.-* littlo recreation,
hut ho breaks awny from his <i,>sk ror a
few momentn every dny, Sometimes ho
strolls through the White in.use grounds
with a member of hin cabinet, or with
some friend, and usually his mm is looked in Hint of his companion, lie dollghts
tn wander through tin- broad area known
us Ihe "Willie lot," jUSt In the rem- of the
executive mansion, nml during these wnn-
d>-rings lie Is frequently followed liy a
curious crowd. He lias a courteous greeting fur everybody mid usually (i word ami
a smite, which lights up rather sadly his
careworn face. Every day or two he
lakes a long drive into the country hue
In the afternoon, nml on theso drives be
always takes a friend along,
heel-em ry liOitir's Awkward ro-tltlon
Becrotary Long, tho head of the navy department,   shows   llie  effect   i.f   l,<llrtl.ill   IIS
well um his chief. Ills position has been
in n measure paradoxical. An officer if
tho pence society, nn organisation the
avowed purpose of whioh Is the prevention
of wnr. he Is in charge of one of tlie military arms of tlie government, und starn
duty compels him to exercise functions
which are abhorrent to him. During many
.inxinus weeks following bhe destruction of
Di-* .Malm- he clung to ihe hope Unit it
would he shown mu in have been blown
up wlih design, and thnt Cuba could he
freed without a resort to arms. As time
rolled relentlessly on uml Hie events of
each succeeding day pointed to Hie llttl-
muie disappointment of his hope, Mr.
Long's optimistic manner gnvfl way under
Is a saddened man. "It Is hard to realise,"
lie says, "that we un; actually at war."
Secretary inmg Is naturally an easygoing man. lie makes no fuss a In nil liis
■ hilly work, ami there Is no bustle or rushing about, lie is quick of decision, nml
orders glide easily mi., their proper places,
lie never loses Ills head, ami noh.idy would
suspect, In seeing him nt his desk, thai
upon him devolved tlie conduct of a naval
wm*. Every day a little ufter noon he
packs a lot of papers into a green flannel
hug, such as Itoston lawyers carrv, and
walks home to lunch, hla head a littlo
bowed, his face overcast wttill thought.
Hut thoughtful though he may lie. a word
,if greeting always brings on answering
smile nml a elu-ery word. The secretary
takes a long walk every evening after
leaving the department, ami sometimes it
Is nn hour before ho reaches his nparl-
tnenls from his resk. He goes In lied invariably before 'J o'clock, The president
usually stays up llll midnight.
S«***ri*1iiry A lifer ii Hun> thin,
Secretary Alger Is a mun of war ami has
considered the Cuban sliiration all along
from the viewpoint of a soldier. From
the day thai Hie news came of the de-
struotlon of Iho Maine he has regardod
war as practically Inevitable, ami Lis
thoughts and actions have been guided
accordingly. General Alger is n.,t nf a
sanguinary disposition. On Hie contrary
.he is one of Hie gentlest of men. 11.- is
regarded with u degree of estimation approaching affection liy those who come in
official and personal contnol with him, und
admiration for his personal qualities as a
man is equaled hy appreciation of his ubii-
ilfes as an olll.-ial. General Alger has
borne tho strain remarkably well, In view
o'f Ills enfeebled condition, brought on by
physical aliments. He Beems La be everywhere nt on,-.', und during every Important debate in Congress he has been at
Hie   capital,   listening   to   the    dlBCUSBlon,
consulting  with  senators mid   members,
and feeling lhe legislative pulse. Alg.r
lias been the president's eyes ami ears.
He sees mule public men in Hie course or
tiie day than oil other members uf the
cabinet combined.    Charles Kmory Smith,
iin- newly appointed postmaster general, ii
also invaluable for reflecting outside opln-
ion.
S|ienKei- Heed  Imp** rt urn Mc.
Speaker Rood has 1 n I bo most Imper-
tiii-bahle man during the  war ex.-ll.-mcjil
in  COngrOBH  He  has 1 ti  Hie  largcl  of his
political opponents, und has been assailed
by murmurs nl times from men of his
own party, Throughout the progress of
i vents be hns retained ihe i-iH,im>ss which
i-- such a distinguishing characteristic of
lhe in,Hi. and shows no In  of the exciting times through which lie lias passed.
Ono hour lie may moid ii murmuring
and reslb-ss majority ns he wills; In the
in Xt he may he seen walking leisurely up
lhe avenue, bis hands clasped laxity behind his hack, stopping at every second
shop window lo gaze with childish eurl-
oalty at Hie pretty things displayed.
Sometimes it takes the -nig speaker more
than un hour lo walk from his hotel to
lhe capitol, so many are Hie diversions
along the way. Usually somebody Joins
liim in llm stroll, but, however absorbing may be the talk. Reed always Insists
on loitering hy any shop window which
offers an especially dazzling display.
Ills wit is as keen, his humor ns infectious as ever, and be ts Just as fond
ns cvftr of wandering about tho hall of the
house when congress Is in session, drop,
ping into uny nvalhlfble choir and swapping observations with whoever happens
to 'tn* seated next.
How the Viet* President Acts,
Vice rr.-sident Hoba.rt, the presiding officer of Iho senate, hns come unscathed
nnd unruffled out of tne parliamentary
battles which hove raged around him in
Hie senate, ills position differed lu n
measure from that of Mr. Reoil. Mr. Ilo-
liart lias been the arbiter of the parliamentary disputes, the dispenser of fair
play, and lias acted in un advisory capacity lo his pnriy. The vie.- president's
room is Hie scene of dally conferences In
Which Hie senate lenders tnko pari. Moreover, tin.' vice president is socially Inclined, and his house 1s the seen,, or tunny
a dinner Whero Important mailers of state
tire illsciiHsed.
All night long Hie little stars Mink:
All night long Ihey twinkle ami wink;
| All night long, when we're fast asleep,
Through the cracks lu the shutters they
peep, peep, peep,
ltut whnt do they do wlieu tho daylight
COlllL'S?
Wben the sun wakes up ami his big,
round eye
Stares nml stales nt (lie big, round sky,
Tbe little stars nestle right dowu in their
nest,
And their bright eyes close, while they
rest, rest, rest,
Aud that's whnt they do when the daylight coincs.
All dny long In (he warm summer time,
The posies blossom and creep ntul climb;
All summer long wlicu the south winds
blow,
They   nod  their bends and they  grow,
grow, grow,
But  where do tbey go when Jack Frost
coines V
They    wrap   themselves  In  their  faded
gowns,
And liiey take tt trip to the mullet towns,
When the icicle fringes begin to grow
And the air is full of tlie snow, SHOW,
snow,
Aud   llial's   where   they  go   when   Jack
Frost conies.
And tlie little ones el ia Iter lhe whole day
lung,
Of building and weaving and lesson and
song.
All day long in (tie merriest way,
They  laugh,  und   they   work, ami   they
piny, play, piny,
ltut what do they du when the Dream*
inni) comes?
They nod nud forget all their joys und
cures;
And they fold their hands, and tbey say
ilieir prayers;
Ami under the blankets they gladly creep,
And they close their eyes, nml Ihey sleep,
Sleep, sleep,
And thill's what they do when the Preiiui-
iniiii comes,
-Utica tilobc. '
HER UNAVAILING SACRIFICE.
T was vory quiet,
very tntui'iill, In
barracks that tiny,
nnd from thu deserted grounds,
whore only a Boll-
t ti ry sentry or two
paced it i> n u il
down, none of the
usual barrack-room
talk, laughter,
singing could hu
beard. For every
soldier, baud*titan, and officer had been
called to tin; officers' police quarters,
where a fellow-soldier was bblng tried
for his llfu by tho court-martial, lt
wiih during the revolutionary days,
when power lVflS vested Iii the hands
of the military. They bad the right to
sny whether or not Private Santiago
Moretio wns guilty of manslaughter,
and whether, In payment thereof, he
should die.
Xo women were present In the grim,
fortress-IIl.e quartern; only the sol-
tilers wbo stood In silent, stern rowa
around the room. On tlfe dais sat the
colonel, the mayor, ntul some lesser officers; fronting them, straight nud
erect, with shoulders thrown bnck,
Btood tlie prisoner, Santiago Moreno.
lie WAS a good looking fellow, and the
ntur on his uniform lapel showel that
he hnd reeelveil credit "for valor In the
field." Not u lllcker of an eyelid, not
a movement, showed what he felt;
there wus not even n tremor when the
colonel, nfter lung nud grave discus*
elon, at the last stood up, with the
other officers grouped about hint, and
pronounced the sentence  of   death—
"lhat on the morning of the following
dny, Private Santiago .Moreno would he
escorted to the plains of San (ierouluio,
and there be put by the ley de fugii to
death." Thnt was all. The prisoner
drew himself up, and saluted, his face
no more concerned than that of the
meti ubout him, and wiih taken to his
cell.
The soldiers molted away, group by
group, some of them displaying sorrow, some uncoucoru, and others
anger. For ihe slaying of his companion-in-arms by Private Moretio had
been a very cold-blooded nud more than
usually wicked deed, even In a country where wicked deeds are common.
For with deliberate Intention Moreno
|iad waited for the other, after parting
with his sweetheart. Piuicha, and coolly ami methodically bored a dagger
straight to his heart. For It he had
offered no excuse or defense, stating
merely that the murdered soldier had
"annoyed Panchlta; that a caballero
cannot allow such a thing ns the molesting of lils tmvla."
In Ids small stone cell -once the room
set apart for those about to Buffer In
the auto dn fe of the Inquisition days—
Private Moreno walked about, whistling n gay Mexican dnnzn, hunting the
while for writing materials. H(. wanted to wrlie ndtos to his sweetheart, lie
staled lightly to the warder, who was
eying him warily, one hand on his pistol. Though Moreno might not be armed, he was ii man to bu wntehod. llut
at the prisoner's wish to write a note
to Panchlta, the warder's face relaxed,
and he offered to llnd pencil and paper,
Fur Panchlta was Ids own cousin, nud
every one loved the gay, pretty girl,
wilh her artless, Innocent ways thnt
bad lured two men ou to death.
Poor little Panchlta! Five minutes
nfter the death sentence hml been pronounced, she knew of It, nnd, her door
locked, was lying face downward on
the cold stone iloor, moaning and cry-
lug to the Virgin for help. It had all
been her fault, as she knew—through
ber two men would go to purntory,
and how would she answer for theni?
On the shrine before her, decked out
In bluo -Mid white, was u tiny, yellow
Tho death penalty is rarely enforced in
Ccrmany, Austria, Denmark or Swoeden.
The Uucompahgre and Ute Indians are
said to be ugly over the dilatory tactics
of the liim! allot ment commissioners
Tramps have one redeeming quality;
yon never hear of them getting mixed up
iu labor riots.
Tho American Hquadron at Hong Kong,
China, Iiiih completed arrangements for
putling to sea.
Stoekings were first used In the 11th
century.   Boforo Mint cloth bandnges were
IIBCd   "11  11ll!  feel.
Image of the ObrIst, with blood-stained
body nud   hands.    Underneath    film
hung the holy piel ured face of the Virgin, uml to iin- two, Panchlta, weak
and faint from long fasting and crying, was pouring out heart ami soul.
Only lhat Santiago—her Santiago—
Ullgbt be saved somehow—in some
way. Ay linen Dios—Mario iiiadre de
Dios—take her life— her soul for torture In purgatory—only let Santiago
escape I Too weak to pray aloud, she
bad crawled before the shrine, and
with burning, tear-covered fuce was
faintly whispering her petitions.
The girl drew herself up numbly on
her knees, sobs that came from her
very soul still shaking her slender
hotly. A sound outside Startled her,
until she remembered that Santiago's
mother had come lo weep and lament
with her own mother. Out there, lu the
patio, thoy were lamenting and walling with loud cries. Mow eould they
do It like tlmt—walling and shrieking
so that the neighbors could bear? How
angry Santiago would be If he could
hear them making nih-Ii n noise over
him! She east one more pitiful glance
at the Virgin, but the sweet, calm face
was so quiet, so restful, so little disturbed. What was ihe use to ask her
anything? No, there was no help. Sho
stood up, tottering, ami moved over to
the window, Thero was no ono lu
sight; the hot sunshine [ibiu'ed down on
tliu yellow sandy street and Ihe gray
adobe walls. Out In the middle ot llm
callejou some dogs and small childreu
rolled and tumbled lu tho dust together in high glee, a burro, wlih melancholy fnee and long, drooping ears,
munched alfalfa, whilo his owner
drank pulque lu the pulque-shop near
by. It was all so ordinary, so every-
dny; and yet Santiago was to be allot
to-morrow! That Is, unless she could
think of a plan to save him.
There wns a sudden clatter, and the
children scattered rapidly, with many
duckings and bobblngs of llielr small,
fat bodies, ns good Padre Francisco, on
his pacing mare, turned the corner and
went rapidly down Hie street. Behind
liim rode a mono on a hacienda horse.
Panchlta thought dully that some ouo
at the pulque hacienda of San .limn
must be very ill and wanted the padre
for confession. It would lie a long ride
for the good old man, because San
Juan was many miles nway. lie would
bo absent from the town for over a dny.
Pulling at the strings of his soutane,
Padre Francisco rode ou, his old black
cloak flapping In the breeftc. It was so
old and shabby that even Pancliitn's
dim eyes could not but remark It. Poor
Padre Francisco, wilh no one to look
after Uls clothes—he wns a good man.
nnd really deserved a better clonk than
that shabby thing! Perhaps, If she
asked her father, be would allow her to
take the cloak tluil bad belonged to her
uncle, a priest of the same order
Padre Francisco, to give to the hitter
good man. And the hood that the padre
wore, eo ver lug ids heed and nearly all
Ids face—was ever anything seen like
It? One could, of a surely, wear It to a
masquerade; perhaps she might borrow
It for the next "Balle de Mnsenros." At
the thought 3he laughed and dioked—
it would be a gootl disguise.
The next moment nlie was weeping
her heart out, pressing passionate kisses on ttie com iet*t or tut* ivory ounst;
lie had heard her, after all, nud the
Virgin had helped hor—Interceded for
her! For now site knew what to do,
and Santiago should be saved. There
was a plan—the Holy Mother had sent
It to her.   Now to carry It out.
At 0 o'clock that evening the soldier
on guard before Santiago's door admitted without question tlie thin, stooped
form of Padre Francisco, clonked and
hooded In his usual manner, and carrying prnyer-ln-oks and rosary. The good
father was silently telling his beads,
and tbe soldier bowed humbly and
crossed himself as he opened the door,
speaking uo word. For no Catholic Is
privileged to address a priest who Is
counting his rosary-betids—It Is a sign
that silence Ih desired.
The cell door ojt-ened and closed silently nfter the padre, and ihe watches
outside heard a smothered, Impatient
ejaculation from Private Moreno, who
was smoking a cigarette and trying to
write tluitadlos to Panchlta. Thou the
door was locked, for the padre was go-
lug to confess the prisoner, nnd the
guards retired, laughing at lhe Idea of
confession for Santiago—the wickedest
dog lu the army of Mexico.
Lounging In the doorway, the soldiers
speculated lazily as to what was going
on In the condemned cell, ll was so
quiet. Not even u murmur eould be
heard, and finally the men agreed that
the padre was praying silently, with
Suntlugo cursing lu the oilier corner of
the room.
It was dark—quite dark—when Padre
Francisco eame out, with head l>owed
lower than ever, cloak wrapped disconsolately about him, and fingers still telling his bends. He had been there for
an hour, and surely Suntlago was either
talked down or dead uy thin time.
"Shall we go and see?" asked a guard.
"No, hoiubre; let the poor brute
alone," said another.
To the mon who watched all night
for fear (bat the prisoner might escape,
it seemed a century before midnight
gave way lo the darkness that comes
before dawn, though to the prisoner ~
qtilcti sabe! Such waiting Is hard even
on the men who aru not to die, ami
there was a sound of relief when at Inst
the tlrst bugle sounded! lt was time to
get tlm prisoner nnd man')). Because
a soldier Is allowed two privileges—to
be executed before dawn, and to lie
shot in his uniform. There was no
need to change the clothes of Private
Santiago Moreno; so far as costume
was concerned, he was ready.
Ia front of the prison, sillily drawn
up Into line, In the darkness, stood the
squad of the Twenty-third (Private
Moreno's own regiment), who were to
attend to the "law of Are," ami In the
corridor waited Impatiently the two
f'Mu'da w'*** wero detail"* u> wai1" ««
Nearly 00,000 atres have been reclaimed
in Ireland during the past year from hog
and marsh lands.
Popular airs may be catching .but it
bikes a good tire to hold them.
The effort to make sugar from beets
dates hack as far as the year 1747.
California permits girls of over 15 lo
wed without llio parental consent
The wrist contains eight bones, lhe
palm five, the fingers have fourteen.
Tho Swiss government has forbidden
the imporbition into the country of fresh
fruit from llio United States.
f either side of him. The prisoner, however, wub not ready; and deep disgust
and scorn was shown ou every face
wlieu the warder appeared and stated
grimly that the prisoner was weeping
como un niuo, and had begged one moment's grace, Weeping, indeed! A
pretty way for a soldier of tlie Twenty-
third to die! And men who had thought
privately that they would aim low In
the ley de fuga, hardened their hearts—
a coward did not deserve such treatment.
Thnt the prisoner, barely visible Ir,
the gray dawn, was perfectly calm and
composed when he did appear made no
difference, to them; perhaps he had
mustered up some courage, after his
weeping, but he had played the coward
for all that, and a coward's death was
uo loss.
Out on the bare, swampy plains of
Salt IJerotiliiio, just where Mount AJlis-
C0 rises up bleak ami rock-covered, was
the place of execution. The walk was
not long for tlm men, to the sound of
tbo mittlled uiarcha, but very dreary.
There was hardly light enough to sec
each other's faces, ami the trees and
cactus shrubs loomed up gray and
ghostly along the side of the rocky
trail. As for (he condemned man,
though he might have played the part
of a coward In the prison, there was no
slgu of fear now. With quick, light
steps, almost oul-dlsiniicliig the regular pace of the olhers, he walked out
bravely, as though going lo another
decoration by el prcsldeuto, Instead of
to the death of a murderer, at thu
bauds of the very men with whom lie
had fought at Mntaiistns, ami H(telle
and other places, arm to arm, back tu
buck.
Here was the spot. And, with his
back tn AJllBCO, his feet sinking Into
lhe damp ground, and the gray mist of
the morning resting like a pall about
him, tho prisoner was allowed to stand
for a moment, while the Captain made
a brief address, concluding with the
statement that only because the prisoner wns a soldier the "law of Are" would
be put Into effect; when the word "tiuo"
was pronounced he was to run for Ids
lire. On the craggy side of AJusco, he
might titid shelter, perhaps. "Uno—
this—tres" would be counted; at "tres"
tin* squad would tire. Therefore he
would bnvo to hasten—otherwise, God
have mercy on his soul.
"Ateiielou!" The soldiers stood ou
guard.
"Uno!" was counted slowly. The prisoner stood stock still, and the man
nearest swore thnt there was a smile
ou his face. "Dos!"—{Dios de lu vlda,
was he paralyzed, that he could not
run, even to save his life?}—and at lust,
slowly, "Tres!   Fire!"
Motionless, horrified, the men bad
watched. SHU the prisoner stood there.
head up and shoulders buck. At tbe
sound of the "tres," however, muskets
wero lowered, and every hammer pulled. Out thundered the salute of bullets,
a veritable hall of them, uud the solitary, pathetic figure tottered, then
reeled over, face downward, lu the
damp grass. Head, of course—bow
could lt be otherwise? The Captain
should have looked to make sure, but he
wanted his breakfast and some cognac;
merely glancing casually nt the body,
he gave the order to march, and with
men tramped bnck through the light of
the coming day to barracks and breakfast, leaving the dead man alone on the
plain.
The next day Private Santiago Moreno himself, whom we have seen shot
and left dead ou lhe San lieronlmo
plains, was there nt sunset, pale,
erased with grief, and holding lu his
arms a dead body In the uniform of a
soldier, but with the sweet, peaceful
face of a woman who had offered up
her life for a friend. When the sun
went down his lifeless form remained,
still clasping—even In death—the other
body that had been thought his—San
Francisco Argonaut.
AWAITS ALL SPIES
IIHATIl PKSA1.TY TO FOLLOW CONVICTION  OF TIIK CRIME),
GOVERNING A HORSE.
SECRET   SERVICE    IN    WAR.
lum'    ot    Nn t lio u    Hole    nnd    Mnjiir
Ami re—thirl lit)    l.mv    LneLn
< li-urtu-HN  In   Dellultloit.
Resent Being Made a Show.
"The Steerage of To-day" Is the title
of nn article by II. Phelps Whltmarsh
In the Century, Mr. Whltmarsh says:
One evening several members of steerage No. 1 and I were grouped about
the foremast, talking upon the nll-uib-
sorblng subject, America. The conversation drifted iuto an argument on the
equality of mnn, and ihls, In turn, led
to a discussion ns to tht! rights of the
saloon passengers.
"If we ain't got no right to go Into
their quarters," said one of the men,
"wot right 'ave they to come into ours?
It 'u'd be all right If they bo'aved their-
selves; but they don't, blast 'em! Anybody 'd think as 'ow we wus a lot of
bloomln' lepers, to see the way they
carries on—a-'oldln' 'nndkerchlofs to
their noses, nn' a-drorlng their silk petticoats close to 'em, an' tlptolu' nn' tlt-
terln'. ilo, George,' says the big woman with diamonds lu 'er ears, as come
down yesterday; 'the pore, bloomln'
creecbabs; but wot makes 'em smell
so'/' Just ns loud ns that mind you.
S' 'elp uie, I could 'a' tore 'er to pieces!"
As I happened to witness the incident
so graphically described by the cockney, 1 could not help feeling that his
anger was righteous.
Memiiring Tapes Made of Ntr-el.
Steel tapes for measuring are made
in lengths varying from three to 1,000
feet. Tapes of 1,000 feet lu length are
mude only oue-elghlh of an Inch In
width, so as to save weight, and nre
usually made to order. Tapes of great
length are used In bridge nml railroad
work nnd lu measuring streams. Home-
limes two 1,000'foot topes are Joined
lu measuring.
The First Printers.
The first printers used to print only
on one side of ti page, aud then pasted
together the two blank pages to give
tbe Impression of oue leaf.
There Is enough salt lu the sea to
cover 7,000 square miles of lnnd with
a lo.ver one mile lu thlckuesa.
Great Hrituin has 121,000 square mites,
being a little larger than Arizona.
The color of the skin depends on pigment cells in the inferior epidermis.
There are a dozen Russian provinces
each larger than the State of Kansas.
Prof. J. W. Hoffman of the Uiate Colored college at Orangeburg, S. C„ who
was elected a fellow of the American
Geographical Society the other day, la
tbe first colored man to be eo honored.
A big battleship has on board an electric plant enpable of lighting a town of
Q000 Inhabitants.
A story was circulated to the efte.it
that u Spanish spy bad boon captured
wiiile prowling around tha foptlfloatloni
at Fort Hancock, uml had been brought
to Governor's Island    and    Imprisoned
there. It iifierwurds turned out to
untrue. It raised ,i question initio minds
of ii great many persons, however, Including some ot tiie hiuii officials at Governor's Island. Thu question is: What
punishment would be meted out to
Spanish spy by the military authorities
Should   one   t»e   eaptuied  ul   the  pit-sen
Btogo ot Uie war?
The law On the subject Is terse uml ex
pUdl   to   a   dem-ee,   s.iyx   tlie   New    Vor!
Mall mid Bxpreu, Section 1843 or in
revised statuies roads: "Ail -persons wh
lu lime or war ui- rebellion agalnat th
supremo authority o( tha United Btate
sliull be round InrkltiK ur uciIiik as uphill or ubout any of iho fortMlcutloiu
posts, quarters or onoampmenta or an;
of the armlOS of the United Htutes <>
elsewhere sim 11 he (rlulile liy D court ni.n
Uul or hy u military ootntnlsslon, an
Hindi,   on   conviction    Uioreof,    huiiv
deiilh."
ft win be noticed thut tho law does no
say how u spy ahull be sxeoutod, but it i
mandatory that he .shall du- in exiilntion
or his crime, This is one or the few
stances in military law where the court
martial or iiiiilitury commission lias n't
discretionary   power  Jn   describing      tie
punishment to he Inflicted, the poru
graphs treating of military misdemeanors
usually  ending  In   the   phrase,   "or  such
other punishment as the court may prescribe.'1 Spying is regarded as such a
grave offense in -the eyes of military men
Mint death is matte the mandatory sentence. While the mode -In which ihey
sii-.ill be put to death Is not described,
pies nre usually imaged, because the
death Is an Ignominious one uud more
painful than shouting. Au officer high In
rmy, now stationed ut Governor's
Island, who has u thorough knowledge of
military law, white talking about spies,
suld:
Thp Penally.
"If a Spanish spy were caught  lurking
bunt   the fortifications in ihe harbor,  I
on'<t bolleve, he would he luinged, or put
ii death In uny manner.    I don'l believe
public opinion   would allow such u procedure nt this stage or the war.     There
extreme bitterness In this country
among  the  people generutly ngulnst   the
Spanish, und at  this early stuge of  the
war,  and   while   ihe   lighting Js   siill   so
far away  from  home,   I don't  believe a
spy would be put lo death, if caught. Of
courso, Jt would he a different story If a
hostile tleet were down the bay preparing
to bombard the city.    Short shrift would
be given n spy then.     Or if the two armies were facing each other In the Held,
where n spy's Information eould be put to
action and Immediate use,  his life would
not be worth o pinch of salt, If he were
ptured."
"What would lie the actual course of
procedure If a spy were caught, say, today, lurking about the formications In
the harbor?"
"He would be arrested and turned over
tu the guard on duty for the day. Ile
would be put in the guard house like any
other prisoner, and then brought here for
trial. The secretary of war would convene the court-martial to try him. If he
were found guilty, the sentence would be
death. Then I "believe thnt public opinion
would force the secretary of war to commute the sentence to Imprisonment. If
that course were pursued the spy would
UfaWti/i1 ftiff'M'M^mfl^iiWii1^
would hang men upon ns little provocation ns we did during the lute war. I
remember when my command marched
through Fredericksburg jnst ufter Gettysburg we found two spies hanging to the
same tree. We left 'om hanging there,"
tlie old officer added, reflectively.
Snle* In All War*.
From Iho time Moses sent Joshua on
such an expedition to the present time.
Their use In warfare is recognized by the
law of nations, ns Interpreted by such authorities as Vattel, Grotlus and Martens.
Nor is it iheld to be a dishonor to a general to use them. On lhe other hand u
spy Is looked upon as an outlaw and one
devoid of honor.
There Is n recognized military etiquette
governing their use. The calling ts so dangerous nnd so little redounds to one's honor, it is not permissible for a general to
compel by threats any person to act as
spy, hut he is at liberty to accept such
services when offered.
In the Britisli army they almost have a
recognized placo in the service and nre
usually under control of the quartermaster-general, Mnrtlul law, while distinct
enough in ordering the dentin of a spy. Is
not clear In defining what constitutes a
spy.
A man belonging to nn opposing force
nud found Inside the enemy's lines -Jn the
enemy's uniform, or a civilian dress, is
held and treated ns a spy. If. on the other
hum), he 'be Jn bis own uniform he can
only Iw treated us a prisoner of war or u
deserter.
As regards honor nnd penalties, spies
might In fairness to be divided into two
classes, those who, while In the employ
of their o-wn country, betray Its secrets to
the enemy, uml those who penetrate the
enemy's line in disguise to get Information for their general's use. Tlie first
class Is regarded as utterly despicable liy
the country that employs them, an well
as by the country they betray. The 13s-
terhuzy-Drcyfus affair is tlie latest and
most conspicuous ease where such work
has come to light. Captain Dreyfus Is now
undergoing imprisonment charged with
selling French nrmy secrets to the German embassy In Paris. His ease has created a furor throughout the civilized
world.
Ilnle iiimI  Andre,
Of the latter class the two most famous eases in the history of our own
country are those of Nathan Hale and
Major Andre. Nathan Hale was a captain In Knowlton's regiment In the Continental army. He accepted the perilous
service nf exploring tlie llrltlsh camp nt
hung Island under Instructions from General Washington, who was then retreating to Harlem Heights. With the desired
information Halo was discovered before
he reached the American lines through
the treachery of a Tory kinsman, and w'ls
hanged the next morning, September 22,
1777, without trial ami wlih insult and
cruelty. Ills last words have become famous, "I regret lhat I have only one life
to give up In the service of my country,"
A bronze statue was erected to his memory in City Hall Park In ISM.
Major Andre, the other famous spy,
stands as high In the history of the Knglisli   as Hale does In our own.
Andre came to this country on tho
breaking out of the revolutionary wnr ns
aide de camp to Sir Henry Clinton of the
British forces. He was afterward made
major and ndjutnnt general. When Benedict Arnold mnde his proposition to the
British to betray West Point Into their
hands, Andre was sent to complete the
arrangements with him. After he had
left Arnold and hnd passed all of the American outposts on a posh supplied by lhat
traitor, he was captured by three militiamen near Tnrrytnwn. Evidences of his
guilt were found on his person, nnd nfter
a spirited trial he was condemned to
death by General Washington. He was
hanged at Tappan on October 2, 1780. His
fate excited sympathy In America and
England. The English army went In
mourning for him.
The English government pnt a mural
sculptured monument over his remains In
Westminster \bbcy when they were Interred In 1821.
These men were undoubtedly the two
most famous spies In modern history.
During the civil wnr, while many men
woro employed as spies on both sides,
none of them nchlcved a heroic plnce in
history. Their very numbers probably
had a great deal to do In preventing nny
one of them from achieving eminence.
Mean* to Do RiKht| If It Km It Ir
from Ignorance or Fright.
Horses are essentially creatures of
habit. Of gentle, confiding dispositions
but excessively nervous; timid, at times
Irritable, aud prone to resist strenuously anything thut frightens them.
If, for example, you put a rope halter
an an unbroken colt and tie hliu to u
|Kwt, the more the rojm outs Into his
louder skin the greater will be his
struggles, while he will soon yield to a
halter that inflicts uo pain. Through
nervous fright horses souiWlines become panic-stricken and absolutely no-
controllable. They Buffer also occasionally from what, for want of better
name, may b« called "nervous paraly-
bIs," when they seem to be physically
Incapable of motion. This couditlon is
also Invariably the result of brutal
treatment, ami the only reasonable explanation of it u that tho first emotion
aroused In tbe horse by punishment is
fear; that when be finds Hint ho cau-
uot escape anger a Spirit of resist
auce is mingled wilh his (right, ami
that thoso combliied emotions produce
this morbid stale.
Tho horse Is quick lo lake advantage
of thu Ignoiaiico or fear of those who
control him. An compared with tbo
dog, tm is somewhat slow of comprehension, but lio iiim-ix from the dog lu
this also, Hint ho seldom becomes "too
old to learn new tricks," ami his memory Is so roteutlve that he never forgets what ho bus ouco thoroughly
learned.
It may also !*■ set down, as a rule,
Witli few exceptions, that he meant to
do Just right; If be errs It is either from
Ignorance, pain or fright, rarely from
■tubornness or vice. This seems to be
widely unknown, at least disregarded,
for of ull animals the horse Is the least
understood, the most harshly judged
aud unjustly treated, and for tlm least
Infraction of discipline be is too often
brutally punished. If men who train
horses would control their tempers and
endeavor to ascertain the cause of tbe
animal's misbehavior tbey would find
that there Is ofteu a good cause for his
actlous.
The eye Is the best Index to the animal's feelings. The ears are very expressive, but tbey do not reveal so plu'u
ly the emotions that are dominating
him as the eye does. Therefore, study
the eye, with Its varying expressions,
and when you can read their meaning
you hold the key to one of the chief
secrets of successful training.
Tlie horse should be convinced that
resistance Is useless, but do not lie Impatient or harsh; remember that success Is the reward of unwearied patience. If you fall at first keep trying
until you succeed. Do not be discouraged If you do not seem (o make much
progress; your task may take weeks
or even mouths, but if you persevere
(-ou will triumph.
Writer Folk and Cloih h.
Judging from the statements made
by Marie Corelll, Knglisli women novelists are the dowdiest dressers In the
world. Miss Rraddon Is evidently no
exeeptlou to this rule. With a flip of
her Inky fingers at fashion, she garbs
herself as sbe happens to choose, nnd
Is serenely Indifferent   whether   her
->-" -~   »—-•*  "-»>»   otau   of   rt   tloMD   IR-rt
sons. Oulda has beeu described as
looking like au animated rag doll, lu
spite of the fact that she has tbe artistic heritage of the women of Kruuce,
and even John Strange Winter und
Mrs. Ward would not be singled out
from nn ordinary 5 o'clock tea crowd as
gentlewomen If the green laurel leaves
did not hang under their dingy bun-
nets.
The women writers of this country
are quite different In this respect. Margaret Biuigster, white-haired and gentle-voiced, has an eye to tbe hang of
her hllk-liiied gown and a dainty pleasure in her yellow luces. Miss .Murfroe
Is trim and trig lu tailor-made costumes of the latest nud most correct
style, and Klla Wheeler Wilcox, wbo
prides herself on her unquestioned
feminity, Indulges In artistic robes iu
soft-colored satin.
Some one, who knew nothing of tlie
woman or her ways, once snid Amber
was careless lu dress, nnd the report
spread. A daintier woman than Amber never lived, nnd she really mourned over the gossip. Huth McKnery
Stewart and Kate Douglass Wiggln
are fashionable women, uud Lillian
Bell has pretty gowns galore and delights in them.
Bon tl mental Uses of the Onion.
Among the Greeks the onion was
formerly used at marriages, a jar of
lentils, oue of snow and oue of onions
being spoken of ns gifts (o the daughter of King Ootya upou tlie occasion of
her marriage to Iplcrates, In some
places even now onions are thrown
after the brides, ns Is rlec In our land.
In tbe south of England this patriarchal plant wns used by girls to divine
their future husbands. When the
onions were purchased for this purpose
lt was necessary for the purchaser to
enter the shop hy one door and go out
by another; It was therefore Important
to select n green-grocer's shop which
had two doors. Onions bought In (Ida
careful way, If placed under the pillow
on St. Thomas' eve, were warranted to
bring visions of the future husband.
Country girls were uso wont to take
nn onion aud name it after St. Thomas.
It wns then peeled and wrapis'd In a
clean handkerchief, after which, placing It careful)' on their beads, the intilds
would sny:
Uood St Thomas, do me right
And let my true love COMO to-night,
That I may look him in the fuct*
And him In my fund arms embrace,
—Chautauqua,
Tho HLimoMo and the Fish.
The favorite sport of the Siamese Is
flsh-flghting. No popular Ih It that the
King of Slam derives considerable revenue from the license fee exacted for
tbe privilege uf keeping lighting fish.
The fish nre described as being long
and sleuder, "not thicker thuu n child's
finger," and very ferocious. The moment they nre placed together In n vessel of water they dart nt one nuother,
and the onlookers become bo excited
over the contest that they will wager
anything they huve nt band on the success of their favorite fish. Invi mens
Courier.
ROBERT INGERS0LL ON CUBA,
Co in l>c nnu Hon.
She -I'm sorry to benr you've lost
your patient, Dr. Jones.
He—Hut be wus Ul a long, long 11 uie J
—Funcb,
Simla*    HiirltnruitH    Cruelly    U    l»lc-
lurt-tl in Word*.
"Liberty Is my religion, nnd by liberty t
men when every ,„■„, enjoys hlmseir. but
not at he expense of another. What light
Is UlO eyes, what nir Is to lhe lungs,
whnt love Is to the thought, liberty Is to
he soul of man. It Is the seed and soil,
the light and air, lhe dew and the rain of
progress, love and joy. Whoever !s not
willing to give to every other human being whatever right be claims for himself,
care not what his position, his nuwer,
his culture, his wealth, he Is simply a savage."
In these words Colonel Robert O. Ingor-
soll Introduced himself and his topic to
the great audience Which lllled every
available space in MoVloker's theater,
i li eago   to hear him speak on "Liberty."
Willi 'liim the transition was easy from
liberty as u text to the war now being
waged by the United Slates against
Spain,   which   he  declared  was   the  only
war  ever  waged   for  humanity's  sake
alone.   Kvery point—UUll I here were many
-was greeted with applause which sometimes  rose  to  the dignity  or a storm  of
noelnlm. The audience was typical or tim
Dhoilght ami force ol the community.
"There Is one thin,; (,f which I am
proud," ColotiOl Ingorsoll went on. "and
llinl   Is   mn-   lathers  solved   In   the   new
world ihe problem of equality,   I um --i.i-i
OIU fathers were great  and brav.   OllOllgll
lo say "No' It) taxation without representation, t am idad Unit Ihey were brave
enough    tO   say   that   every    man   should
have his nigh I iu making the laws of tho
land he Im bound to obey, ami that they
throw down tiie gauntlet to ow of tho
mlf-litlcsi  nations then u-miii  the globe.
"SomoUtlng like that has happened in
Hie world In our lime. Do yon know there
Is n 11"11■ ■ Island out In the Allaiille lh.it
touches our shores, an Island lhat has
about 9,000,000 of people, an Island with u
climate like Ibe bridal or the eiitlh and
sky,   wilh  a  -...il   recklessly  Heir.'    When
ihat island was discovered it was Inhabited by the gentlest race of people then living In Ihe world, but when the discoverers
endeavored io make slaves of these people, and—although Ihey were kind and
loving and gentle—they refused to bo
slaves, Ihey were bunted by dogs, searietl
aud mutilated and murdered, annihilated.
"Do you know that from that time to
this that same power lias robbed every
Individual of that beautiful Island.' And
do you know a little while ago they lifted
the banner of revolt and for three years
they fought ns valiantly as human beings
ever fought?
"Oppressed, assassinated, starved, Cuba
fell   upon   her  knees  and   stretched   her
thinly transparent hands toward this great
republic and Implored aid and succor. We
looked. We saw her eyes tilled with tears,
her shrunken frame, her pallid babes, her
dying and her unburled dead, and mercy
moved to redress wrong became as stern,
as unpltylng as justice, and the great re- *
publio drew the sword of war and said to
Spain: 'Take your bloody hand from tha
throat of the helpless. Sheathe your dagger of assassination. Your ting shall no
longer pollute the free air of the western
world,'"
7.1 nc   "VVnll   l'tiper.
Ino woll puper i*- ihe intent oddity. The zinc
tt Inched to Die wall by n cement Invented
lhe -juriKise, nnd I" made to imltute rnur-
The surfiue Is eniitiielli'il hh iih to remler
permanent or washable, it i» ciatnu-il fur
i new ,la'|iit!tiire in ueCbrullVe material thut
le It Is un permanent ns (lies or marble,
i much cht>u|.'-r, uud can be us easily -mi nn
ji-.iinury wall [miter.
Every hair lias two oil glands at its
base.
The sense of touch is dullest on the
back.
Europe is less than one-fourth the size
of Asia.
The globe of the eye is moved by six
muscles.
Cnnada is a littlo larger than the United States.
Asia is the largest continent. 10,000,000
square miles.
The wine product ol France in 1875 lias
never been equalled.
An act of congress in 1872 abolished
Hogging in the navy.
Holland is the only country in Europe
that admits coffee free of duty.
The normal weight of the liver Ib between three and four pounds.
The roots of hair penetrate the skin
about one-twelfth of an Inch,
The cells composing the epidermis are
1-1D00 of an inch in diameter.
THE CANADIAH PACIFIC RY.
AND
SOO PACIFIC UNE
The Cheapest, most comfortable aad direct route from Kaslo to all pointt ia
Canada and the United Btatts.
The only line running through Tourist
Cars io Toronto, Montreal and llostoa.
Through Tourist Cars to St. Paul dally.
MAGNIFICENT SLEEPERS AND DINING CAKS ON ALL TRAINS.
Travel by this line and have your baggage cheeked through to destlastioa.
Dally conneotion from Kaelo oxt-epttnf
Sunday at 7:30 a. m.
Fur full lnforinutlon cill on or ndilree
W. K. CARSON,
Traveling Passenger Agt.,
Or Nelson, It. 9.
K. J.  COYLH.
District Passenger Agent,
Vancouver, V. U.
EAST-I nS l-WEST
The surveyor's chain
made it the shortest
transcontinental route.
It Is the most modern m equipment
lt ts the heavies*, railed line.
It lias -i rock-ballast roadbed.
It cme-nea no L.and deserts.
It "<is built without litnu grant or gov
enn i i ' ulit.
It m noted for the courtesy f Its employes.
It Is the only line servlm meals on tht
la carte plan.
For maps, ticks'! and complete Information call ou or address International
Navigation & Trad ng Company .agents,
K. tk 8. railway agents, or
Kootenny connect inn at F.onner a Ferry Ida,
Sunday and Wednesday.
TRAINS WAT!  'il'OKANB.
Westward S.r*0s.m
Knrilwiinl .I.,.-* |un
C. Q. DIXON, a   miMt Arent,
Liookunt), Wash.
F. t WHITNKT, U.   P. ft T. A.,
■t. Paul, Kins, BLUE BELL'S STORY
THE   PAMU1N   Ol.ll   MIMI   0>   MKK
KOOTK\AY.
THE ORIGINAL MINE OF B. C.
It's  History   lueluiten  a  Tratted>—H
Plrat Drew Attention lu Northern   Minim* Dlstrtets.
Doubtless but u small percentage of
the people now rei-idlng ou or near
Kootenny lake know the real history of
the Blue Hell mine, located on thu east
shore uf the lake, 13 miles south of Kaslo, will's Kami.ill ll. Kemp In the Kaslo
News.
David Douglas, a Scotch botanist, who
explored the shores and slopes of Kool-
enay lake  in  tiie year IW'i,  nearly   throe
quarters nf a century uro. securing Bpeo«
linens or llora ami fauna, is tin- ilrst
white 111:111 nu record who ever noticed
the Immense otil-erop or tills great vein.
All   Knrly   lliillef   Fit dory.
Later  the   Hudson   Bay  attaches,   who
roamed over thin seotlou in fittest of furs(
luinle  bullets   fur   their  llliitloek   muskets
from tiie surface ores of the lodge,
A cuuplc of years since, several drills
Were fOUUd Which these old time rcHlilcii's
had   used   III   I licit'   |irlnilllve   method   of
mining)
from the lime of the Hudson Bny 0X-
oilus, up until about a ipuirlcr of 11 century ngo, there |s nn record tif Hie mine.
PoiSlbly no human eye except that of a
pusslllK Hlw.ir.li, lu his balk i-atine, gaged
mi tbe large bodies of ■. 11 ■ 11 ■ 111 • 11- galena
or brown oxides exposed,
VlHltfd   liy   Seimlor   Ilea rut.
However, between l!5 and HI) years ngo,
the bite Senator George Hearst nf California, whnse son Is now the head of llie
San [''rauclseo Examiner innl the New
York Journal, wns one of the prominent
mining nieu of California, He had prospectors out tookhiK for mineral in mnny
out nf the way places, One if his nomadic searchers wandered to Kootenay
lake, and like David Douglas, a hair century before, he eame upon the out-crop
of  the Blue  Hell  lude.
So impressed wus the prospector with
the immensity of his Hint that he sent
back to Mr. Hearst such a glowing account of tt that Mr, Hearst resolved to
pay the claim a visit of Inspection.
In tbut early day Mr. Hearst traveled
fiom San Francisco to Walla Walla,
\\Msh., mostly by water, thence overland
via Fort Colvllle to tho Little Dalles on
the Columbia; from tills point to the
mouth of the Kootenay, up the swif:
wnters of the Columbia by rnw boat;
from the Columbia to a point about whore
Nelson now stands. This Inst iS miles
was made on foot. A row boat was built
near the lower end of the' outlet, or west
arm of Kootenay lake, nnd the Journey
to the mine made by that slow and laborious method.
Tho ruins of a crude furnace, of uie
Scotch hearth pattern, which Senator
Hearst built with his own hands. c;in
be seen to this day near the mine. In
thla small furnace the senator smelted
n quantity of the ore to bullion which
was tested for its value. as he had
brought n small assay outfit with him.
At that time the Improbability of n
transcontinental railway this far north
and the remoteness of nny possibility of
transportation being nt hand for a century or more, combined with the low-
ness of the grade of the bullion, caused
Mr. Hearst to abandon all hopes of
ever working the property to a profit.
Consequently he returned to the golden
state and the Blue Bell was again relegated  to obscurity.
Advent   nf   the   Aim-worth.
Following Senator Hearst, about the
year 1880, came the Alnsworths of Fort-
land, Oregxm. Theso gentlemen had designs on the Blue Bell as well ns on a
large slice of this portion of her majesty's
domain.
In compensation for building a proposed
railway connecting the Columbia river
with navigable waters on Kootenay lake,
they, among other considerations were to
have a block nf land six miles Square embracing the Hot Springs nt what Is now
the town of Alnsworth.
They acquired the Kootenay Chief, the
southern extension of the Blue Bell, a
property which they own to this dny.
Thoir railway scheme finally fell through,
but they retained the townslte which
bears their name.
It Is claimed that the Alnsworths had
so strong a desire to own the Blue Bell
that It led up to the tragedy which caused the Ilrst blood spilling on lake Kootenay.
It Coat One Life.
At the time the Alnsworths were operating here, Itobert E. Sproule was in possession of the Blue Bell., it being he who located It and gavo It the name it bears 10-
day.
Mr. Sproule had held the claim for several years but nt that time the lode
claims were held by tbe same laws as
the placers nre today, 1. e.. the owners
musl be on them every seventy-two hours
except during lhe closed season. During
nn enforced absence, when Mr. Sproule
returned lie found thai Thomas Hammll
wns   In   possession,    presumably   for   lhe
Alnsworths, us Hammll wius nn employee
of theirs.
One day in the spring of 1888, Thomas
Jlammll was found in a flying condition
on one of Hie dumps of Hie claim. A bullet had entered his body under the left
nrm and came out above the iii:hl Mlp. So
near death was he when found that lie
could give no account of how It occurred.
For this shooting Mr. Sproule was arrested and afleward tried at Victoria,
The ease al the time became an International affair as Mr. Sproule was a I'nlted siaies citisen, yot all attempts lo save
him were of no avail ioi he was convicted
on circumstantial evidence alone, and lie
was hanged ai Victoria in the summer ol
]8M.
llonulit   Ity   Conner He nt   Men.
Previous to the dentil of Hammll, Dr.
W.  A.   llctulryx.    In  the    Interests    of a
Connotlcut company had begun to negotiate for tbe Blue Hell nnd finally completed Hie purchase. To reach the mine
front      Bonner's    Ferry,    Dr.      Hemltyx
placed llie first steamboats on these wains.
The Old mine is still owned practically
by Ihe same pa HI OS from whom Dr. Hindi y* purchased it. in May, mvi, the
writer Ilrsi Visited the property and was
taken through a etoss-eui I'M feet In-low
the surface which allowed a body of ore
elghiy-sU feet and nine Inches wide.
Thousands Of tons of ore have since
been mined from this monstrous vein
which has gone through the concentrator
and sricllltiK furnaces at Pilot Bay.
Few realise the lnip.-ri.--n.-,> (hat this
old mine has been to Kootenay. It was
really the Ilrst that attracted attention
to KOOtenay lake. H was known long before n location wns made elsewhere, even
ul the camp of Alnsworth across the lake
from ll.
It was on Its account that navigation
of these waters was tlrst attempted ami
It was really Mie cause of prospectors
flocking hither who afterwards branched
out In all directions, discovering the Slocan, Trail Creek ami tho mincH of East
Kootenay.
RAT   WITH   A   WOODEN   LEO.   ®H5MS~^-«HsK.
llnd I'et Names.
I-ady Poynter, the wife of (he pt-fshh-flt of
the Itoy.il Academy. In one of the musl beautiful woini-n In Uindori. Sho and her nl*iter,
I.a.ly Hume-Juries, nre the (laugh(''i-k ef a cocoa
niiinufurlunT, nnd were in llielr kIi Ih I nick-
nimied  "Grateful"  nnd   "Comforting,"
Single  Persons.
The Urgent proportion of nlngln pernim- In
Ireland and Scotland, nnd the smallest In the
I'nlted Rtnten. In Ireland B7 per cent, In Scotland 6G Iter rent, but tn the United States only
f.tt per cent or* In that condition.
Great on Rowing.
Chileans never enter nr lenvc n conch, nlreet
eni- or other public vehicle without bowing
to all IU occupant-*.
lias the First Envelope,
Tlio noweHt treatment for typhoid (over
Is simply puro olive oil given internally.
Hum   11   I'blhidelphlii  lloj   Fitted Uul
III*  tnpllve.
A mt with 11 wooden leg is a curiosity,
ns curiosities go nowadays. Yet such an
animal can he seen any dny nl tho re-a-
diiet-e ol n man named Dugmore. iu Hie
southwestern section oi the city, says the
Philadelphia Times.    About a inoiilh ngo
Willie Dugmore, 11 lad of 12 years, found
(lie little rodent in a trap in the cellar.
His first impulse was to bruin the post
with u haseUill hat. hut the nil looked at
him so pleadingly that Willie's heart was
touched, ami ho decided lo lake tiie trap
to an adjoining vacant lot and liberate
the animal. Tills he did, bul instead of
Bcainpoting oil", as lie expected, tho rat
limped painfully up to him mid began to
lick his hand,  Willie then discovered that
one of the animal's logs Imd been almost
severed hy the Imp.
Taking (he nit homo, lie cul the leg (iff
and then Wimlii-'cd tho wound, using na
a liniment a little vaseline, He then put
thu nil inlo a cngo and nursed it for a
week. Ile then removed the bandage and
found Unit tlm wound had completely
healed. The rate was, however, nimble In
walk, and Willie decided he would make
for tt 1111 artificial letf.   doing down to the
collar, he obtained a piece of pino, and
after somo whittling suoceoded iu making
it log, This ho fastened ou wilh a Blrlng,
and  was delighted to sec thai   his plan
was entirely successful. The rut is now tho
family pel and can ho seen any day hob*
Mini- about tlie kitchen or tensing a little
Irish Id 1 ier, uf which it has made 11 liic
long friend.
r Folds, Fissures and Faults j
HOW A MAN   MADE   $7,000.
I,
A. F. WUENSCH, M, R, in Mi ting Industry and Review.
FLYING   THE  ENEMY'S   FLAG.
When  This   lleeell,   I'ei-iiiUr-lltle   lu
Wur, MliNt   Ile Aluimloiietl.
Tho honorable Done are highly indignant over tho alleged Hying of the Spanish Hug hy some of tho American warships iu Cuban waters, says tho Indianapolis Journal, Thoro is no occasion for
exploiting Spunish honor or morality. Tiie
use of the enemy's flag is permissible in
war within certain Imitations. According
to one writer, quoted in a Washington
disputch: "Tin* regulations of the United
States navy statu that the use of a foreign llag to deceive an enemy is permissible, hut that it must bo hauled dowu beforo a gun is tired, and under no circumstances is an action to bo commenced ur
un engagement fought without the display of the national ensign."
Another authority says: "It is forbidden in war on laud to mako uso of the
enemy's Hag for purpose of deceit. On
the sou tho national Hug of a public armed
vessel must he displayed before un engagement begins or a capture is made."
t'his implies that llio enemy's llag may bo
used for purposes of deceit up to tlm time
of firing, when the ship's own colors must
he displayed. The use of the enemy's Hag
tu mislead is no worse than the dissemination of false dispatches, which the .Spaniards huvo practiced vory freely.
HEIGHT OF THE SOLDIERS.
Amerlenim   Toiler   Tlmn   Any   Other
Ilnce of Clvlllieil Men.
The Yankee is the tallest of civilized
men. In Europe the Scandinavian is tho
only one that approaches him iu average
height, says the Dos Moines Leader. Even
tho Englishman is a half im-h shorter,
and tlie German a trille more tlmn an
inch. The average American volunteer
stands 5 feet 7i inches in his stocking
feet, whereas tlio Spanish soldier averages
nearly two Inches shorter, The American
is hi pounds heavier than his antagonist,
and liis chest expansion te markedly
greater. During the civil war the biggest men came from Kentucky, averaging
a trifle over <r> feot KA inches. Close behind
was Kansas, with -Minnesota, Missouri,
California and Nevada following in tho
order given, The men from all these
states averaged ,*> foot S Inches. Maine.
Illinois and Michigan fell two-tenths of
1111 inch below that mink, and next came
Ohio nnd Pennsylvania. Massachusetts
and Connecticut wore at the fool of the
list, Iho volunteers from tlio hitler states
averaging only 6 feel (>} inches.
Font-fifths of the peoplo in London ncv-
■ enter a place of worship.
Tho number of churches in Chicago has
grown from la" In 1870 to li;i:i.
Among the school touchers of Spain 24,*
tit HI arc men and 11.OtH) women.
Tho bishop of Oxford has been denouncing Sunday lioiiliug ami bicycling.
lu Kngliind 010 breweries wore closed
dining UlO year.   .Nearly all of those woro
small houses of ihe home 'brewed class.
Although Ireland has been described us
0 great farm, only B0 of the 80SS school
houses have gardens attached to them.
A hairdresser says that an old silk
handkerchief is uiiieh belter to use in
linking tlie hair night and morning than
a brush,
The salary of a Ihiili'iiunl colonel in the
United Stales army is UlAM), of 11 brign-
' general l-V-lN), and of a major general KMK>.
THREE HAPPY WOMEN
Relieved of Periodic Pafn and Backache.
"Beforo using Lydla E. I'iutilinm'u
Vegctahlo Compound, my health was
being gradually undermined. I suffered untold agony from painful menstruation, bach ache, pain on top of ray
head, and ovnrlan trouble Tha compound entirely cured mo.—MRS.
GxoiiaiK Wash, 023 Bauk St., Cincinnati, O.
" For years I had suffered with painful menstruation every month. One
Any a little book of Mrs. Plnkham's
was thrown into my house, and I
sat right down and read It. I then
got some of Lydla E. Plnkham's Vegetable Compound and Liver Pills. I
can heartily say tbat to-day I feel like
■ new woman; my monthly Buffering
la a thing of the post. I shall always
pralso the Vegetable Compound for
what it has done for mc.—Mns. Mau-
oaiikt Akdbiuon. 303 Lisbon St.,
Lewlston, Me.
"Lydla E. Plnkham's Vegetable Compound haa cured me of painful menstruation and backache. The agony
I suffered during menstruation nearly
drove me wild. Now this Is all over,
thanks toMrs. Plnkham's medicine and
advice."—Mrs. Caiueiic V. Wu.lu.hb,
South Mills, N.C.
The great volume of testimony
proves conclusively that Lydla E.
Plnkham's Vegetable Compound Is a
safe, sure, and almost infallible remedy incasosof irregularity, suppressed,
■Mccsslve, or painful monthly periods.
T
(S>-®-®-®~®-®-®~
The outer part of the earth is divisible
inlo three zones: an Upper one, subject to
fohllliK and fracture: an Intermediate one.
of fracture anil flowing; anil a lower OI *.
of plasticity, writes A. I-', wuenseh, m. i:..
In Mining industry anil Review.
Gravity is the primary force manifested
In terrestrial dynamics. Secondary forces
in nature are contraction and expansion.
These energies will continue in operation
until the earth's surface is reduced to a
minimum. It Is evident that. In this
process, energy accumulates in proportion
to tiie resistance offered.
Disjointing and fracturing are lue io
cooling ami ilessloailon, ami occur near
ihe surface only. They are proportionate
lo ami keep pace with erosion.
Pressure at depth uml absence of space
for fragments prevents the crushing or
rocks remote from the surface.
Radial stress Is zero al the surface, ami
Its increase with depth is proportionate
to the weight of a column of rock or unit
clossseclloii extending to the surface; tlio
sphericity of tha earth, when compared
with the radius, being considered Inconsequential,
I rtiHliliiu   Stri-nutl-   of   Itoek.
The crushing strength of rock, as at -
mined  by experiment,  is  probably t-MNQ
pOUIldS ll,Lr sipiare Inch, which Is accepted
iis tlie elastic limit, ami, allowing for tin-
support or water under great pressure at
depth,   lo.iMI   meters   will   suffice   for   the
closing of cavities and the welding or
fractures.
Bolld substances behave as liquids under
great pressure, consequently a state or
equilibrium Is presumed to prevail at a
depth of six miles, or less, from the surface.
Equilibrium—rest—exists when the forces
of nature are sallslleil.aml as much weight
as the conditions admit or has sunk as
low as possible.
Klows, folds, Assures and faults result
from Iho application of great forces in a
particular dlrectlun, either tensile or compressive.
The Bffeot of streas on rocks Is largely
controlled by the element of time.
Protracted force may produce folding
without rupture, and greater forces result
In immediate fracture without flowing or
folding.
A stress not exceeding the elastic limit
of a material, upon subsidence leaves no
permanent distortion, while a .stress in excess of the elastic limit results In rupture
and displacement, at least partly perma
nent.
A rock that Is llexllile under an enor
molts weight becomes broken with a like
force under a light load.
Polillnv  nml   Fun Him*;.
Folding ond   faulting   may   be  In   pro-
gross simultaneously lu the same region,
the former taking place under lesser, ami
the  latter  under    the    action   of  great.
forcea.
Folds frequently Increase and diminish
In extent, either upwards or downward!-
due to differences In the tenacity of the
rock or intensity of the stress.
The folding or bedding of strata result
In a tensile stress near the convex or
anticline of the fold. It is accomplished
by a parallel axis of great shortening
due to compression stress in the conclave
or synellne of the fold. When the limit
of dilation is nttalned, fracture and eren-
illation follow along and parallel to the
anticlinal axis, and wave distortion along
the stress axis of compression.
Tension fractures or the anticlines are
distinguished from compression distortions In the synollnes of folds by being
further apart and showing greater regularity.
Where great erosion has taken place
it Is frequently found that the tops or
ridges were once the syncllnes or folds,
the rock having lieen compressed ami
Increased In density, consequently offering greater resistance to denudation than
a„ii,.l;..i.o    ...waiaajari.a.a     ra.l la... inn-    tmSntUtmrnm
Ten shin     l-riietiire*.
Tension fractures and compresHli-n deformations of folds' frequently become
the receptacles for ore bodies of extensive horizontal dimensions, but no great
depths,
Tension fractures nre nlways parallel
With the axis of anticlinal folds, ami are
the origin of many "gash" veins.
A   tensile   stress   beyond    the   limit   of
elasticity produces a normal rupture and
separation.
Where the force Is compressive the
dislocation usually takes place along
tangential pianos, through ruptures ilt-
ngonal to the direction of tho stress.
A reverse or thrust fault, hns n hade
of   loss   than   ih   degrees,   and   implies   a
stress greater than the direct value or
gravity.
Excessive strains on brittle rock shatter It, while on tough rock they result
-in clean cut Assures,
Shearing is the product of compression, and generally most pronounced In
brittle rocks, such as massive beds ot
quartslte or trachyite.
Sheared zones, whether Inclined or horizontal, usually present good physical
conditions for tho formation of large ore
masses or strong veins.
After fanning, .*» readjustment does not
follow a release or the tension, bul produces new disturbances.
t'lmrnotcrlHtlcN  ot Faults.
When the overhanging side of a fault
descends. In reference to the other, it is
classed as a normal, or gravity fault,
and usually has a steep hade.
Pronounced faults In tbe direction of
their strike terminate against other
faults, or end In folds and minor flexures
that gradually disappear entirely.
The major faults of a district frequently have a course parallel to the strike of
The formation they displace.
All planes of faults of considerable
magnttjlde are worn and polished, ami
the crevice frequently, Whon not mineralized. Is tilled with ground und hrecclat-
ed material of the same character as llie
rock formal Ion penetrated.
A fault Assure culling through sedimentary bods frequently bends the strata nn
the more elevated side downward, while
on the Opposite side tho strata are bent
upward,
Movements along approximately horizontal planes are very common, but such
movements are not so apparent, especially lu sedimentary formations, when occurring in volcanic rocks, resulting from
thrusts, or unequal contraction or expansion, planes or beds of sheared  material
are prod il which. If mineralized, often
give ore bodies the siiperliclal appearance
or boing bedded,
Follow   Hit*  niilHNi*   Annie.
In pursuing a plane, and a fault Is encountered, II Is nearly always sitfe U
turn along the obtuse angle or the fault
lo recover ihe displaced  plane or Assure.
In considering Assures ond faults in tho
commonly accepted theory that they have
followed the lines of least resistance, t.ie
probable unequal application of force must
not be ignored.
Faulting accompanies all Assures,
though the displacement moy be slight.
Older rooks disclose more fissures th.in
recent ones, since they have been subject
to various strains for a longer period.
'Fissures do not always come to the
surface.
Fissures are never perfect planes,
though the dip Is usually less Irregular
than the strike.
Fissures are not necessarily due to a
Blngle force, but may have been started
by one and continued by another stress,
Where two Assures cross or intersect,
and there is a displacement of one of
them, such faulted Assure Is usually the
senior of the two. A faulted flssur-?,
however. Is not always tho oldest, as the
junior fracture may have deserted Its direct course for a distant line of reduced
resistance weakened by other prevhns
forces.
fltrlks and dip of Assures may posaeut
local significance, ns Indicating virtue due
to different ages of Intersections wltn
other fractures or adjacent dikes of eruptive rocks.
Dentli of Fault Flesares.
Fault Assures aro reasonably nssumed
to have n depth proportionate tn their
length,
J
in many --onions of Great Britain the
strength of the vein Is considered to he
in direct proportion to the extent of tlie
throw.
Deep Assures are more likely lo l»>
(rests of mountains, where the rock !s
found on the flanks of hills titan on the
more likely io he fractured by tension
i rooks only.
Fissures resulting from sudden shocks
are generally determined by the fracture
of Included pebbles, or fragments. If the
pock formation is conglomerated or brec-
clated, or tin- rupture of crystals, if the
formation is crystalline.
Fissures resulting from earthquakes in
New Zealand and South Island in IMS
and 1SSG were opened for fin an.I 1(0 miles
in  length,  respectively.
Tlie Rocky mountain region has apparently been the seem* ot four great dis-
liirliauc-s, namely: First, at the end of
ihe  carboniferous period;  second,  tit  the
close or the jtirotriassic period; third, at
the close of tiie cretaceous period; fourth,
during the tertiary period.
BIRTH  OF AMERICAS   EAGLE,
Kvoiuiiun   ,.r   iiie    Heraldic    iiirti
Whlofa I* So Lively Ju»t Now.
On July I, 1170, after Ihe declaration of
Independence had been read to the continental congress, it was resolved "thai
pr, Franklin, Mr. j. a.lams ami Mr. J«t-
feroon be n committee to prepare n device for a seal or llie United Stales, says
Uie I'-iiiiiadeiphia Record,   They reported
On August III, and the shieldlike design
I hey recommended bad in one of Its six
divisions   an   eagle—a   very   Insignificant
little fellow, by the way—that played a
most important part on the device.
The iwo main figures were ihe Goddess
of liberty and the Goddess of Justice,
who stood beneath the "Eye of Providence." On this design we meet official-
Ij Tor the Ilrst time Unit well-known expression, "H Pluplbus I'nutii." The quotation was a familiar one to the colonists
as the motto of the Gentleman's Magazine, and naturally suggested itself as the
most appropriate description of the new
order of things.
To make a long story short, the propose-! seal was not accorded a favorable
reception, and the committee's report was
laid on Uie table,
Nothing further was done until March
EG, 1779, when the matter was referred to
a new committee, consisting of "James
Lovell   of   Massachusetts,   Mr.   Scott   of
Virginia, nnd William Koustonn of (Jeor-
gla." After-some debate their report was
ordered to recommitted io a new committee, composed of Middle ton and Hutledge
of South Carolina and Itotidinol of New
Jersey.
Two years later llio records show nr-
tlvily in the efforts to evolve a suitable
device for the seal, and in ihe meantime
the committee rports were referred to the
secretary of congress, Charles Thomson.
The name of Arthur Loo, u member or
congress from Virginia. Just returned
from France, also appears as one of the
members to whom designs were submitted. The assistance of William Burton,
M. A., u resident or Philadelphia, was also
sought, ami he submitted un etnbwilte
design which contained vory little ih.it
was subsequently used, But It is here
that the eagle for the flrst time prominently appears. In the description or lhe
device Ihe bird Is mentioned as being
"emblematic of sovereignity."
Another design was submitted by
Charles Thomson, the secretary of congress. Here we still further trace the
process of evolution iu the American
eagle. Though we aim to divest this little
history of 'the "boast of heraldry," tlie
following description conveys an excel-
lentjden. of il-» ilauiiw
'"lihe shield home on tho breast of an
American eagle, on the wing and rising
proper. In the dexter -talon of the eagle
nn olive branch, nnd In the sinister a bundle of arrows. Over the head of the eagle
a constellation of stars, surrounded with
bright rays, and at a little distance
clouds, in the bill of bhe eagle a scroll
with the words, *!•: I'lurlbus lliium.' "
Tho next and last report Is Indorsed 'Mr,
Barton's improvement on the secretary's
device." "
This mado some slight alterations in the
secretary's design, and, after Itself undergoing certain changes. It was adopted
June BO, 1S72. So all things considered, wo
suppose we are Justified in saying that tlie
great, glorious nnd Indestructible American eagle was born nol quite llll years
ago.
Tlie Chap Who trfMl It Told Ills Itu.i-
tiett»  In ti lulc.
"Pou't discuss your private business
affairs In a public place," said no old
Brooklynite to the New-Yorker who approached him iu a enfo near the City
Mull. Then the Brooklyn mun, pointing
out a real estate dealer, said:
"Talking about u buelnese deal in this
very cafe cost that 'man $7,000, and the
money went Into my pocket, too. You
see, he represented h syndicate that
wanted to build ou some property In
which I was Interested ns the owner of
oue house and city lot. The ngont did
not know nie from a Cutiarslt- cliiininer.
Well, be cumo in hero with a friend—
j one of ilie syndicate—for luncheon on
: mi afternoon In last July. They took
seats at this table, I sat nt the next
ouo.
(    "1 began to 'take notice,' ns grand-
i mas say, when 1 hoard (he strangers
| ut the next table discuss quite loudly
ft deal Iii relation to tho property adjoining mine, The ugent had ordered
a tine layout for luncheon and was cvl-
, deinly well pleased with his deal.   He
' said to his friend:
I " 'Well, I pulled off the trick for thnt
| property nt L'l!> Cheap street today.
The owner thought 1 was doing hlin a
favor, l started in at $18,000 nud dually closed with him for $18,000, He bit
In a hurry. Why, the property Is worth
(23,000 if it's worth a dollar to us.
Now 1 must look for Unit chnp that
owns 221. He'll be glad to got $18,000
for bin house, it's lucky for us they're
not onto iho fact lhat wo want to buy
Unit entire block.1
"I didn't need to do tiny eavesdrop*
plug, you seo. That little speech of the
agent cost him exactly ST.imhi. You
cau readily guess that I, ns the owner
of 221 Cheap street, was not especially
anxious to sell after that. I kept Mr.
Ileal Estate man ou ihe Jump for nearly live months, and when I ltd up on
him 1 gol my price, exactly $23,000. A
nent Httlo profit of $7,000 above what
I would have gladly accepted. So you
soe tho point of my remark io you,
'Don't discuss private business affairs
In a public place' Now, we'll go to my
ofllce, and I'll listen to your proposition."—New York .Sun.
;      SPANISH WAR TAIK.
*
1  Let the Norteamerteatios Look
I From La IluStraclon, Madrid: Everything goes to prove thut lhe whole uffulr
• if the Maine is an odious and vile pretext
got up to injure ns, which marks the
[turpitude and villainy ot Yankee aggres-
I Blon. To say ilia; ihey call herdlo the
conduct uf th,- captain of that ship, when
; nobody is Ignorant or what he really is,
| Is enough to stamp the policy of those
people as the delirious ravings of cupldl )
and iil'-od-i'liirsUness.
| I: is difficult for us to believe In the ■>-
I istence of a whole people cheated by emp-
j ty wind-bags. Without doubt, the Van-
k<*-e brain is isolated by something impenetrable to reason, truth or justice, and
can l>e permeated only by the fluid ot calumny. Tims only can we understand the
violence >>r [heir orators against Spai.i;
thu gross insults to our uniform and itn.
the attack on our supreme authorlt)
w-hioh have found Imitators In one Spanish colony, but have been repressed and
remi died there; the treacherous as-mssl i ■
tion in I'hiiMiM nf a poor super who sp*
peared disguised as ,i -Spanish soldier! and
ail   the   Innumerable   delusions   of   thi
Kwii thus we explain the appolntm«ni
or i'.,nsui General I*---, who inenklngly fomented the Insurn*t1 in, while he colli ■
ed the plans of our forts and studied future strategical comblna'tlons, trading, so
they say, wlih the succors advanced tor
the reconcentrados, and exclaiming "al
In-st!"  when  the foundation  was blown
from under the deck of the Main.-. All this
Is so Ignoble and so coarse Chat one feels
a son of moral asphyxiation even in
thinking about it. and to write about it
one might to dip the pen not jn Ink. bul
iu mud. It wanted only tha: those a-hould
Invoke humanity who are provoking war;
it wanted only ihut they should cast themselves away for the "freedom" of a peoph
whom they have Insulted In their own
colored soldiers on account of their race,
Ui.nigh this r-.u-e Is mote pure and nohlrj
than that of some of the polltlelans who
infest Washington, and who ure perhaps
descended from convicts flying from European prisons, half-breeds of crime,
which Is lhe real eorruptor of the blood!
In  Spain   we .In   not   speak  of   whites ,111 I
colored peoph—nil are fellow-creatures;
while the Yankees Insult those who de.
elded tlle war of seeesslui wh.-n ,ll>
Whites,   feeble   and    weary     of     lighting.
abandoned their guns ami turned to negotiating, We personally have nevi r dom
anything to urge on the war. tun lnv#N
unt.irily there leap to our lips lb.  ni.tgnl'i-
COULD NOT EAT
!  It,', llll.,.   I  .Kill   I..,.,'   lll.ll.  ...   lllll    ll.ii.,|>.
Buraiaiiuiillu I mnl.
I      "I   U1U  .1   -llll.'l.      I    lll.ll-.-ll..11  .ill.l
...nl. - .n.rlv r.,i oiijililug trial i gmil
ili-iiv--.   I iiml li.ii.li. I.. -  iiiiiiiIiii,-. .ni.l
{i i.lil lunula I ii-i'i.   I luul i:n..>iii| Imii,.
I of 11.1   being well, Iiiii   I  begun Inking
IIiiikI'. Sumuiwrllln uml il eureil      I
• ku now eiil irhitl I wi-li ntul have gnineil
iii weight.-' Mi-. Aniin Stltby, Svlvnn,
W.i-li.
Hood's   Sarsaparilla
for *i.
HUOCI'S PIUS i llll'  illlligC-tillll,  liilinlMl  -
iut" Kiiuliuid ii  II.iiii
FASH   LAND   GOES    BEGGING.
i'liotiNHiidN uf llfNfrfeil  Holding,, (]».
Inn tu Ilnln In \»-w I'lmlnnd.
There are In New England 43O0 abandoned farms, the value of which has sunk
tn a minimum, and yearly the number of
neglected acres, once fruitful and the
homes of the -best and most patriotic
Stock America has known. Is increasing
tc such an extent thnt a practicable and
immediately applicable remedy is looked
for, says the New York Herald. Sixty-
years ago there was scarcely a vacant
farm in all New England, and there were
very few that were not cultivated by the
owners. They were veritable homesteads,
where one family had lived for generations and where lhe head of the house
was the sturdy, hard-working man of Integrity, common sense and uncommon
shrewdness, who has been passing nway
for half a century anil Is seldom seen except In literature nml the drama, ills
successor Is the tenant, with no sentiment
to 'bind him to the land, and very Often
his nbsence means acres returning to their
original conditions and houses and -barns
falling into decay.
Why are these farms vacant? There aro
In New England 885,000 ncres of land, once
under a high slate of cultivation, that
have been strangers to the plowshare for
years, Why are thoy abandoned? "Farming does not pay." the sou of the sturdy
New Kngliind farmer tells us. If it does
pay at all, it pays best on the rich, stone-
less prairies of the west, many who have
gone there tell us. Thousands born and
reared on New England farms have taken
Horace Greeley's advice and gone west.
They left no one behind interested In the
ffltrm. Father and mother have finished
their work and the children have left the
old homestead to strangers or, worse, io
the elements. The Urban population has
Increased, while the rural has decreased.
Tlie daughters of the New England farmers have preferred lo marry city men.
the sons have gravitated to the centers
of popul.itinn and the old farms have
lieen abandoned, They have become nearly worthless, lint none wants them. The
silling prices of land have been cut in
two throe and four times. The falling off
In the rural population has meant fewer
to support, thu hamlets and cross-road
settlements have suffered, the miller, the
storekeeper and the'blacksmith have been,
through necessity, carried by the human
tide to the cities.
BEST   DRAUGHTSMAN OF ALL,
Sllw In it  «'orner.  Snyn  Kntlilnn*, hut
I>ih-n  II In  Work Well.
The slickest draughtsman In our Ofllce
at this kind of work Is n little, dark com-
ptcxii'tied fellow who sits In a corner and
says never a word, says the American
Machinist. He has a glass eye and three
wooden legs. His name Is "Cumera," H*
takeB his cap off at a drawing for only
a minute, ami irnyB to the foreman: "I
have made a. moro accurate copy than
any tracer In lhe ollice could have done;
every line Is exact, every circle Is true,
and all your figures ure correctly copied
If you are using your drawing for con-
slant reference I will only delay you n
moment, and your copy will be ready for
printing in an hour." To any Intelligent
man such an appeal will nol turns without a careful examination."
Henri Rocliefort Ims employed IiIh
prison leisure in writing n preface for
the edition of I,a Kimhilm-'s fiil-los. The
clever tlrnuglitstnnn, Cnrnu tl'Aclie, Is
Illustrating.
Mrs. B. S. Willard, wife of the Bngllsh actor, Is bringing out her tlrst effort lu the Hue of serious fiction. It Is
a story dealing wilh llm social life of
the Jews lu It us sin and Is called "A
Bon of Israel."
Before "Quo Vatlls" was written Slen*
klewii-!! was supposed to have made
ffiOOyOOO by bis pen. As that book has
sold inlo tlio hundreds of thousands,
nfter running as n soi'lal, ho must be n
gotftl mnny thougnuds of dollars richer
to-day.
Mrs. Wlggln's vivacious story, "Penelope's Progress," will bo published
shortly, and as it relates wholly to Scot-
laud It-is to be bound in Scotch plaid.
Houghtou, Mifllin & Co., lu order to procure precisely the plaid which seemed
most fitting, have had it made especially for this book at a factory in (Slas-
gow.
Prank Stockton's Interesting "Pirates
of the American Const," which Is now
running In Ht. Nicholas, will, after Its
course as a serial, be Issued by the Mac-
inlllnn company under the title of
"Buccaneers and Pirates of Our
Coasts." The same publishers announce for publication lu the near future "The Loves of the Lady Arabella,"
uu eighteenth century story by Molly
Elliot Sea well.
At last there Is some likelihood of
Balzac's statue, executed by Rodin, being erected, the site chosen being the
Place du Palais Royal. Why the delay
has been so great no one seems to
know, but lt must be admitted Hint the
protests and complaints of the Socicte
des Gens de Lettres have not been
without grounds. However, the work
Is now finished, nnd represents Rnlznc
draped In his celebrated robe de chain-
lire; and, though the sculptor has not
reproduced the features from any of
the numerous portraits that have Ikwu
published of the great novelist, It Is
Viewed with great favor by many of hla
admirers.
CASTOR IA
For Infants and Children.
I The Kind You Have Always Bought
: Is
of il.
lit
1.1
o«hed
K '.ward tirtcg at Home.
Edward Or leg, the distinguished Norwegian composer, an his name suggests, claims kinship with the northern
portion of the United Kingdom. Over
a century ago his grent-gramiruther
left Fraserburgh, settled In Norway,
and changed his name of Orelg to
Grieg. The eminent pianist has been
deterred from visiting Scotland as frequently as be should like, front the
aversion tic has to the sea. lie owns
to being tbf worst of sailors, and will
never forget, ho tells, the night of horrors lie once endured iu crossing from
Bergen to a berdeen. < i rfog's Norwegian liOUlO Is situated a few miles
from Bergen; Troldhaiig, or the
"Witches' Hillock," be bus named It.
Over the entrance to Ibe house, which
Is surrounded by heather knolls and
birch plantations, and overhanging olo
of the numerous lakes in the district,
are painted the words. "Edward Grieg
wishes to be left alone till 3 o'clock."
A considerable portion of his work Is
accomplished in a Utile building, fitted
up with the scores of Wagner, n piano
and his favorite books.—London Times.
Hon til* I'd .-oleum  Down There.
lt Is believed by oil experts tbnt West
Virginia Is underlaid by a son of petroleum. The output of white sand oil
for 18117 amounted to over 18,000,000
barrels.    	
Worms In a Hunt.
A strange Item lu the Bishop Burton
Church accounts for last year Is: "To
killing worms In tbe bust of John Wet-
ley, 15 shillings."
The further a country woman Is compelled to bring eggs, >'.,e more she
wants for them whea she arrives la
towu.
strength of poor humanl
But    to  SUeoinTib   without   belnK
and to kiss th>> whip that lashes ua—never!  That exceeds our endurance."
Consul Lea fraternising with Evangelin,i
Clsncroe—what does that in.-an? Simply
the confirmation <-f the reason for which
we a hiiif* time since petftloned to bu relieved from rhiH conspirator who mad
himself solid by his intrigues with thi
country which he represents,
We do not caltiminute that delml "1
norteamerlcuno people in believing that li
Is not composed or gentlefolk; but the
lees have risen to Its head—while to the
end and from the beginning lee meant
dr. jts. and when one agitates a people a-
wln'ii one agitates a liquor cask, the ■Ir.-.r-
or ie<s (loot up and contaminate all the
The chivalrous conduct of the Spanish
people, what does tha; signify? That
when a nntl.iii has fought for 11 centuries
for Its Ideals as Spain has. th-*re i-1 not u
Spaniard, though he may have been nii**e.l
by the vicissitudes of our timts from -.fi*
Obscure place of a lee, who does not £■-■ I
In his veins the chivalry of hi-* race ■■'
soldiers. We personally are not patrio;!.-:
we have thp custom of criticising our own
people; but we tan make that assertion
With truth nnd without boasulng. Tn*
Unlted States has refused to acknowledgi
this legltim-ate pride. But let it depend
upon this, ami let Europe depend upon It,
that io make w.ir requires money, money
and money, while making war when ther--
is no money, is for ihe purpose of acquiring It. The Spaniards have b-.-gun their
reconqueet, and they will not halt, or even
hesitate, for all the world. Witness th-
troops of Snayers, who, covered with
rags, conquered at Breda. The soldiers of
Napobon entered Italy barefoot, and *n
he middle of ihe year of famine our forefathers dashed  themselves   against   thr
■oops of that great captain,
And let there not be too mueh confidence
in the prudence of governments; tht-s-
hotild be prudent, bui the people never
re. And so great m.i>* be the Irritation
produced by unmerited outrage and mo.i-
umental Injustice that the cry ■•{ exasperation may shake the world and Involve
everything In a whirlwind ,-f catastrophes.
The chambers at Washington understand one another thoroughly, and they
have approved the most insolent resolution Which Was ever directed a: a clvllloed
nation, declaring the Cuban people fr-.---.
demanding    of  tho   Spanish    gov.-rnm.-n:
thiw it renounce Immediately lu authority
and withdraw all its land and naval fore •%
from Cuba and Its waters, authorizing th-
president to dispose of the forces of th.
republic, and declaring Its intention to ex-
erclse sovereignty simply for the pacification of Cuba.
The tir-*t official response of Spain .'s
Senor Sagasta's sober, virile and patriatli
speech In the preliminary meeting of tht
deputies to the cortes, who have begun
thdlr tasks at such a critical m>>m--nt. The
address to the throne, sensible, measured
and decided in the defense of the hon il
and the possessions of Spain, forms a
great contrast to the lll-breedlng of Mc-
Klnb-y's message. The vivas and applause In the senite chamber, Ur- waving
of handkerchiefs nnd flags, greeted this
expression of the feeling of lb*- nation.
Every heart palpitated with patrotlc lire.
Aboul  -100,000,000 pound-, ot soap are
used in lirii.iin yearly.
TRT ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE.
THE TWO AEMIES C0MPAEED.
Ill   Him ml   \uiii1mth   "• [in In   Hum  \IUX,.-
into Soldiers.
New Vork, .May 17,—A Washington dis
patch to the Herald lays!
There have been enlisted up to touighl
as volunteers IX-'-H men. The regulars up
io tonight number -i,,<*M men.   These tig
ures are totals given tonight by Adjutan
General corbin of the army.
Against this urmy ot 1ST,8M men mobilised, with W.000 more volunteers and Zi.w
more regular recruits to come. Is oppotwo
a Spanish forte of WS.OQQ. These figurM
uf   the  Spanish   may   he   relied   upon
practically accurate.
Of these nft,00Q Spaniards, lSfl.OOO are in
Cuba, 10,000 are In I'orto RleO, I6.1W0 are In
the Philippines, and W>,WU are in Spain.
-Of the 87,000 I'nlted Slates regulars.
10,000," said Adjutant Oeneral Corbin
'have    been    enlisted    dining    the    lasl
month."
The Spanish army 111 Spain Is not here
taken account of, though the best troop-
are still held there, numbering nitogetlu-i
under arms some B.WO.   This was stated
today hy an authority in war figures, win
may be relied upon. Of the remaining
316,000 troops Spain has. the 180,000 In Cuba
are composed of regulars—probably no.
quite so many as this—30,000 guerillas an-
tiO.UOO volunteers.
In Puerto RICO It Is conservatively ,sll
mated there are 13,000 regulars and ,t/fj
have been Impressed.   Many of lh.se vol"
unieers have been Impressed, Although
the figure commonly put down for thi
Philippines has been 8000, there are, mj
Informant stated, quite as many as i0,e0
Spanish troops there, including a great
many natives.
The only animal Unit is really dumb i-
the giraffe, which te unable to expresi it
self by any sound whatever.
Knglisli society women are uow taking
iptnnlng lessons, ami tha ■■■in.ii-- has bo
come a common object "I lhe boudoir,
Among lhe Knls of central India n
-liiiin  li.dM  always accompanies lhe wed
Jlng f-oremony.
A powder to be shaken into the shoes.
At this season roar feet ftel swollen, ner-
toiis. mid hot, ind g*t Ured easily, if you
have smarting feet or tight ihoes. try
Allen's Foot-Eaae. It coou the feet snd
makes walking easy. Cures swollen snd
sweating feet, blisters and callous spots.
Relieves corns and bunions of all pain nnd
elves rest and comfort Ten thousand testimonials of cares. Try it today, Bold b?
all druggist! and shoe stores for 250, Bent
by mail Tor 25c in stamps, Trial package
KltKK. Address Allen s. Olmsted, U
Roy, New York.
ght ot  tii.iiiui.i. tu
■-H"
FITS
I't-riiMi.'-s-ii'.' Cared. Xa Btaoi wrrooinM
after nr-i .iaji u«v or i>r. Kilo*-*! i.tem
•v. Aattonr. Bend tot kkkk vc.uo hi«i
tils and tnatlM I>R. B. IL EUKB,Ijtt. tm
rvi» street, i".i.a-t--h>ii-», it*.
There i- a lighthouse lo every 11 miles
• >t roast in Rngland, to every M in Ireland, and to crery ;n> mites En Scotland.
Iodine Is
tticed I.v th
crude .i.k.ilin
mmbusUon ol
sun* el" Ohio, CltJ of To!*m1l-., Lucas Co.. fs.
Frar.lt J. CTifr.ey ma few oa*b thst he In the
•enlcr fanner cf the firm of F. J. Ctieney A
CO., dolnff tufti-i'-M In the City cf Toledo. County ird Btftts ■.*<■!>'.-!,!. ind that f-alJ firm will
^ay the sum or ONH BUKDRBD DOLLARS
COT each and every ea»« Df Catarrh thai can
tot be cvTtjd by the use cf llallf Catarr*i Cure.
FRANK J. CHBKBT.
Sworn and tt-bm-ribed to before me ar.J aub-
♦cribed In my presence, thij ith day of De-
-emt*r. A-  D,   IS**. A.   W.   GLEASON.
■ Sean Notary Public.
HatU'j C-.Urrh Can it taken tr.ii-mally, and
icia directly c«a the b!e*>d and mu-x-ui iurfttct-a
if the (j item.   Sind for t«t!mi.--ilal«, free.
F.  J. CHBNBT & IX)., Toledo, O.
S*ld by drui:**:-fW. Tl«.
Hall's FamUf Fills are  the t*»t-
J'heie aie in round nun
&-fts2iN
ONE B2VJOYS
-l-i'li tlie method an>l resnltfl whr-n
'yrupof Figs ia taken; it ia pleasant
i.nl refreshing to the taste, and acta
'ontly yet promptly on tho Kidneys,
diver and Bowels, cleanses tlie sys-
em effectually, dispels colds, head-
lohes and fevers and cures habitual
tonsttpation. Syrup uf Figs is lhe
miy remedy of its kind ever pro.
laced, pleasing to the taste and ae-
icptalile to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
iffeots, prepared only from the most
liealthyand agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
lo all and have made it tiie most
liopulai remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in ,10
■ent bottles by ail leading drug-
fists. Any reliable druggist who
nay not have it on hand Mill pro.
cure it promptly for anyone who
Irishes to try it. Do not accept any
substitute.
CALIFORNIA FIB SYRUP w.
.    St. fSASOISOO, ctL
lOutsviuc. ti. .1 iv net. it r.
CLEVELAND
COTTAGE COLORS
PUHE HIjjT    HEiOT SUED
Best Reputation.
3eit P-iint for Dealer or Consumer.
Color Cirdi Sent Free
Cleveland Oil * Paint Ifg. Co.,
PORTLAND, ORECON.
TOUR LIVER
C*«M'sk«*MlMII«B««-rwlU4slk Tataa
tnem wfll wtaks fan Istl b«tt«. ttt II ham
•aos 4ro*fl*i at oaf whoieia'i dtuf h*om, w
rtm M-nwrt * lolmei Dtnf o», SMttto.
Ii tt Wreai?
Get lt Rlfhl
Keep It Rif hi
If. tt, It,                                    So. 21. 'III*.
tm
ammjUa.L-fiMii.mMM
t^Wttlm^^mtaZ ^SHS-4-®-®- •'•'•' •■'••■We V..'.•'■.•'■.• '•' .'.'•'.■.'..' .'.,'.'.' .' .' .',.'•' i'...',.',. \.y$4££&&$4Sl.,.'.. * .\.,V
to "ft
NBROOK
#
- ijja gy.-.a.Baar.ga-jga.M
THIS TOWN IS DESTINED TO BE THE
•••
•••
•••
SMELTING,
COMMERCIAL hnd
RMILWHY CENTER
55 OF   :   BAST   :   KOOTENAY.
•••
•••
As a Site for Smelters it has exceptional advantages, being the
Divisional Point on the Main Line of the Crows Nest Pass Ry.
and the most central point on it for the principal mines of the district, viz: The St. Eugene group
to the west-northwest, the North Star and Sullivan groups to the north-west, the Wasa group to
the north-east, the Wild Horse group to the east and north-east, the Dibble group to the east and
south-east, and the Bull River group to the south-south-east.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, MAPS AND PRICES OF LOTS, APPLY TO
L. A. HAMILTON,
C. P. R. Land Commissioner, Winnipeg, Man.
V.   HYDE   BAKER,   Local   Agent,  Cranbrook,  B. C.
B. C. Land Investment Agency,
Victoria and Vancouver
mmmmmmmmmmm
CRANBROOK HERALD.
TUESDAY,   JULY 10,
PROSPEROUS  CRANBROOK.
Till'. IIkiiaui lias iiiaititfiineil frnm the
start that Cranbrook wns the natural location fur tlii; leading city of South Hast
Kootenay. The events of the past few
weeks is rapidly proving that everybody
is of the same opinion. Men are com-
Ing to Cranbrook from every part of the
district, as well as from all parts of Canada and the United States. They know
now that the future of this city is settled
and that from tliis time forward the
growth will be rapid aud solid.
And why not?
From one end of Kast Kootenay to another, in fact in either lUst or West
Kootenny there is not a town today that
has the bright future that is Craubrook. It is now recognized as the
mining, commercial ami railroad center of one ot the grealeost min
eral districts Jin British Columbia, It
is not on paper. Ou the contrary it is a
I.ving, palpitating, persistent, potential
fact. Within thirty days lime the main
line of the Crows Nest FoBB road will be
completed to Cranbrook. Already a surveying party, in charge of Engineer
Richardson, is running a line from Cran
brook across the St. Marys to the North
Star mine aud Sullivan group. Plans
have been prepared for the extensive
railroad buildings, such as round house,
El'.ops, depot, section house, etc., and
work will b« inaugurated without delay.
Then, there are good things in store for
Cranbrook thnt will make Ibis town the
lode stone of the 1-Coolen.iys. People are
naturally attracted by prosperity. IIu-
maiiily taku to it like a duck takes to
water, and the success of Cranbrook is
attracting the attention of llie capitalist
and the laboring man as well,
Dotl't wnit too long.
Tht way to take advantage of opportunities is lo act without delay. Cranbrook today often opportunities that are
not offered by any other town in the
Province. It is a growing town, and
growing towns are guld *nines lolive pvo-
ple. And those are the ki>>l of people
one will find here. Already it is the
town of ihe district. Its population is
increasing daily. Many buildings nre iu
course of construction, and plans for
many more are being prepared.
Heautil'nl Cranbrook and business Cranbrook'. That is n combination that te a
winner.
SHADOWSOF COMING EVENTS
The publishers of Till-: IIi-.lf.Al.ii lay
no special claim to foresight moicsluewd
Ihatl the rest of humanity, bill they believe that ihey can see through a millstone—-wiih a hole in it. Furthermore,
they are desirous of keeping pace wi h
the progress of the community in which
they live, and are not averse to taking
a few tleps ahead of the actual needs ol
the place at the present time, knowing
full well that advance steps taken now
will simply prepare them the better for
the demand:. Ihat are soon to follow.
.Willi this idea iu view the publishers
are now receiving for use iu Cranbrook
the best printing plant in tbe Kootenny*.
The small plant with which llie IIi-.kau-
was stalled was ninple for the needs a I
that time. Hut already Cranbrook lm •
forged so far ahead Unit it became hIiso
lutety necessary to make Immediate im
provetnents and extensive additions tn
the office now in use. Ily lhe first of
August this office will have the large, t
Cylinder press in the Mtoteiiay.-i, iu ope
ration, a fine jobber, paper cutter, perforator, numbering machire, and au assortment of type that will satisfy any
man thai Tm, H&R.A.D is established for
the purpose of meeting the demand for
fine printing, not only iu Cranbrook but
throughout the entire district. A steam
engine and boiler has been shipped from
Portland, Oregon, for operating the plant
and in a short lime Tin, Cranbrook
IIj.raU), like the town itself, will be in
in the lead.
Success begets success. Tlie people of
Cranorook appreciate this fact.
To live in Cranbiook is to live in a live
town. That means a good deal in these
times.
The war between the United S-atcs
and Spain seems to be a walk-over for
the Stales.
A grip-sack went out of Fort Sleele
Friday, and attached to one side of it
was a man named Baillie.
If Captain Bob Evans was right ill his
declaration Spanish must be the prevailing language in hell these days.
The best lime to move to Craubrook
is at once. The earlier tou are on lhe
ground the better will be your opportunities.
It is extremely satisfactory to be located in the best town in a district ns large
as Kast Kootenay. That is why Tm-;
IIj'.uai.d is happy these days.
Ily the 15th of August Cranbrook, the
leading town of Bast Kootenay. will have
railroad   conn et ion   with   the   outside
world.
The best point in Bast Kootenay fur a
first-class brewery is at Cranbrook. A
brewery here could supply the territory
extending from Canal Flats to the boundary line, and from Moyie to Coal Creek.
Did Not Appear.
Judge Hutchison had bis first case
docked for Saturday last—a case of drunk
and disorderly. The plaintiff was a woman living in lhe extreme southwestern
comer of the towu, and keeps a lodging
house for gentleman transients*—quite
transient, Tbe defendant was a young
navaie and was charged with being disorderly, or breaking windows in the residence of the plaintiff. Ai the time set
for the examination neither plailltilT or
defendant appeared, although theplaltlt**
iff afterward claimed to have appeared
withiu the hour of the time set for the
examination, I#aler in the day the defendant and prisoner appeared in COUrt,
but owing to lhe lateness of the hour
court was adjourm d until 10:30 Monday
morning the defendant nt the same lime
being solemnly Informed that if he did
nol show up he would be liable to two
years' imprisonment. He did not leein
lobe woir>ii*g about the matter, however, nnd when dismissed for the lime
being asked the judge it he was not "go
ing lo t ike the crowd out and blow himself." The j<idge assumed an air of injured innocence and told the young mnn
that he was uot versed in lhe .slang of
the day. It is said thai the prosecution
did not appear fiially for thereasou that
it feared the navvte had " n knife up his
sleeve," as he had asked the judge lo issue a warrant for the boarding-house
keeper on a charge which would feurely
bring conviction,
From Athnbn, ca.
Frank Anderson, a veteran frontiersman, and also one of thnt interesting but
fa-l disappearing class, lhe old-time
mountain sw--;e ptjgineer, is in town. Mr.
Anderson is jus' back from Athabarcs
landing, via  UdlllOlltOII, where he bad
been with 350 head of hoises, taken by
him from   Crow's Nest   I.nke   to   lhat
country for the Klondyke trade. The
horses were wild when he started, but
when he arrived nt his destination the
majority of them had been broken lo
saddle or harness and were satisfactorily
disposed of. " Hut," .Mr. Anderson snys,
"it is a belter place now lo buy horses nt
than lo sell.
Th ■ lidinonlon route to the Klond)ke
has been a disastrous one for all undertaking it, no one having succeeded in
getting through, ami all having to le-
tuin wilh heavy losses of s'ock uud sup-
piles,      Ml.    AudCTHOU    cnyal    (Juua.1   lmrccj
are strung along for miles.
A Pollocm'j.n N oclod.
Recent events lend lo show that a good
policeman is a necessity in Cranbrook.
There has been nt least two instances
quite recently of drunken navvies losing
considerable sums of money, while cases
of petty larceny aie becoming too numerous for comfort or convenience.
Last Friday afternoon a young Swede
was about town crazy drunk, and in the
evening, becoming weary, he sought n
soft spot on which to repose his tired
bones, and finding one suiled to his esthetic lastes ou the manure pile at the
livery stable, nestled his noble brow iu
its downy and ambrosiul deplhs. In
tliis condition he was found by Provincial Constable Karnes, who, knowing the
Swede had a cousidetabie sum of money
on his person, took it from him und put
it in the hands of a responsible party fur
safe keeping, Tlle Swede made a vigor
ous fight, aud finally had to be handcuffed and his legs roped; in lieu of a
b-*t(er place he whs pnt in the loft of the
stable bam, where after a couple hours'
confinement he apparently regained his
senses, was released and his money returned.
The remniuder is quickly told: Knrly
Saturday morning he was around, hat-
less, shoeless, blankelles-*, moneyless,
It probably makes little difference how
such fools' money goes—in fact, lhe only
difference is thai ihey get less to drink
and someone else more, ibe fool gets lo
work sooner and is quicker ri-ady tor re-
plucking. There nre other people, however, who merit protection from camp-
followers, and consequently mi experienced oiliccr should be appointed for duty in Craubrook.
x fuet
Ie fur
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Tlio l,'> Itol lias ia man on the iniy-ruil.
TheMontosiuna mine- nonrKa-ilolineal
of un- oncountured at a iteptli ol goj totit.
Ton thousand bvloks daily aro being mn
Hi.- improvement of tba nmeltor at Trull
Tin- ittisslantl south belt is oointna to the front.
Aelivo work is in progress on the Poor J'ark and
Huns-it No.:'.
.S. !>. Weaver nt 111 1 Kooicniiy Wire Work-* nl
Trnil Crook, Uml lib hunt) badly mil la tint plan-
lug n a-him) recently,
Many Calllll, Ma- llrunan, whoso fool was amputated as a result nt linvluit boou i-uujlil in tho
wheels al Itobson, laiapi.iiy Improvlna,
a carload "f in&ahlnory. <-aniprlsiug a oom-
pressor plant, has been unloatlail nt lloshburg
for un' o'-a Ironsides inhw In flroonwuoil oainp,
Kverybaily lu Trail was «1 irloualy linppy at tbo
report uf Hcluoy's vlctury July uii, ami ttio
stars ami BtrljlOS WOW run up to tbu lii-.-lie.sl
notch In I ir ot tbo day and Its deeds,—Trail
Crook Nuws.
1 aptnlii Harry 0. freer, who w s noclilontnlly
klllou -iu y 4 by talltiiK from tlio baloony ol tlm
tlnrttoliotcl, at Net on, was bllrlod on llie .Ml 1
wlili military honors. TliO ileoen 0 1 wan a luojii-
bor or iho Houtb StalTorUshlro regiment.
*. Wonl iia.sbi-ui rocelvcil;at New Douvoi'from
Itariont ity of the death by drmuihiff In tlio Columbia river of Nelson) lulllck son, n*;. il 5.J ye-irs.
ii>> fe;i out or a boat wlillo reaching ior a luuUili*,
Tin; bufly has not been recovered.
Tho ladles Iwero well rei rcsohtcd at the Uov*
ir.iiiieiu moetlnijat Trail Crook on iho evening
of iiuly Till, a a Blimved their Interest in tbo
ilovein nent camo by providing a number of
bunches of pretty Mowers for tlu-s-iciikcrs,
a Kouti 11.1.111 telegram from Pjjot Uny dated
llio-1th says '-Ten im-ti left bore on Halm* i,y
morning last, uailor tliu direction of tJuinml
LoVntt, to cut oul llio trail between here ami
Crawford Creek, a gnvt-r-jniont impropriation
having iieea granted for thnt purpose. 1 his is a
j-rii. biion to elnlm holders ami prospectors 011
Crawford Creek an 1 adjacent country-
Thore ib ronsldorabto In-nrost ovt.tont among
on
1 ih
iwntyiwi
Ell tax ii
X Fort Stele Mercantile Co. %
[U.M1TED   I.UBIMTY.]
Fort Steele and Wardner.
JUST RECEIVED, A LARGE SHIPMENT 01'
SASH, DOORS
AND SHINGLES	
m
m
(?•♦-•♦«.♦ ♦>-♦ A * *-a> +.*>■• « *>>»■♦ tl» • ♦*      ♦>■■> ai «•-*-••>.•'•-• «.*>•-•* •♦•••-♦-♦♦♦.-'j
>fc      This snace will be       /-^
|\RS.   BRODIE   &   WATT,
GENERAL  PRACTITIONERS,
CRANUROOK AND FORT STKKI.I-:.
l:i'Hilar visits lo Wnrdner, Swansea, Movie
City ami St, [tinjeno Mlssiuu.
IT    L. CUMMINS, C. E.
Provincial Land Suiveyor,
I'OIIT STEELE,
BMTIS'I COLUMBIA.
W. II. Hoss. li. W, IIbhoiimiui.
ROSS & HERCHMER
Barristers, Solicitors,
Notaries Public,
Conveyancers.
Por-J Sti'.ei.e,     :    Uritish Coltimbia.
JOHN HUTCHISON
Mines . . .
Real Estate. . .
.Snino ..'»>il  lirOpOSttlOUS arc now on tin
laariact.
tioiucof ihehestlijts in Craubrook an
uow in 111y biimlB im* sulo,
nilleo over Minor's store, laker Bf.,
OlIANUnOOIC,
G.L.Hilliard,
GENERAL
BLACKSMITH,
CRANBROOK, B. C,
HOUSBSHORINOi    MINING WORK
and GENERAL REPAIRING.
\VA(i()N   WOOD-WORK
Promptly Attended tc.
laSTIM-. HUlMtlSMIJ tui'iiT nl-   1! IUT IS 11
Ldooi.umhia.
in tin- mntterof iliCWiitorCliiuscs Consollilny
linn Ai*l.lf T." ami iulliiMiialiei of UioC'riin-
liru.ik Wilier I'mni iwy, I.Iii.HimI.
NOTICK Is boroby irlveii tlmi niii'tlilmlins
lii-rn llli"l In lli» lustrli-t lii-Khlry «»1 Ibe
siiiin-mi- l'oai-1 ot I'll Uh mhnntiia al Ni-Imhi.
I'.rlll-ili fob m >ta. inn lui; for a mlilli-ale uii.ler
Beotlotl B, 01 ilii'iihiiM- nn-nllDlteil Art. iilillim*.
i/lllK Hi-- l li'llhiOik Water ('OIIIIHiny lo const i-iu-t nail iiiii'i-..ti- :i w,.ter works syslein for tliu
Mipi-iv.ir wateri>iiho t rtvn or craubrook nml
llie liiha itnns tin i<<<r anil loMie snielici* neitr
llie sn i\ lown; iui'l  not.-els nlso  ||«>nihy  ulvoii
1'iiil tlio in lloat li the s ihl  -letitbli will ho
intldQby Un- <al.| cniiiiiiiy tn it .Nulmi oi Uie
Siieivmoeoai'lor i:r:tl-li ri.luini.iji ill Victoria.
<m 'Minis tiw. the :r.\h il;iv (if All|illBt. tSIW.
I'll'dale of 11,i'li si imlilli-i.tlon or this not leu
WtlStli-.lOllHlay or .Inly, 18.8.
Dalu. ii.Ui July, 1804,
I1AVIK. I'lHH-KV & I.U.VTON,
L'I Ihistlon Bircfl, Victoria,
Kolloliors for tint Criiiibroiih Wi.ior Co., I.lil.
I by the olty ui i
liisurtmco coinpanleB doini* h
83on |ior-yeftr. A. W. I Pffl. «co:otury
boiiril nt imilonvrlior-i, Ims form-illy pr
,i..'aiast tbo tux, nml deii'urifltliiil It will imvotn |'
lis pHlil hy llm Imnrci! In iliacml as r.,t"s w.ll   '
ninloiiMmily be niheil to cover il. I
n tbut olty ,
ut«l i
NOTICE.
I. the unilorslgnort, J. MoKeunlo, Iioroby (dvo
itl.-i- llial I ili'.-inllo a|i|ilVl'Mhe Chief Coin
issU.oci-nf l.amls;    \Vni*KS f.n- j«"iiilssj(,n
liiiivliase ::■:< in r.-s of hue) In Smilll Kast
 'nay. ile-.ciil.cl  ns  fol.mvs:   ('.ininiene n-
 siiiiihwrs! .-i.i-ncrnf Will mn Mc  eirh-'s
v-rmiiiini, claim, tlmiiei. enai in ebnlits to
.lillisasl cnniei' nl sail I et illil; Ihencft suiilli si
i.iln,; tlc-n-e «---.l   l> clialtH; Ihenee inrlli.sil
NOTICE.
I. tlio nnrierslgnod, N. Hunson, liereby give
imllee thai 1 I lit end l i a|>i'ly to the Chief ■ . HI*
misslouerot Uuds imri wmks fm* lunnl-iBton
to iiiin-lia-e one linn lreil nml -i\iy neies uf hum
SOIttllOl
LaiiBiwa I.i
-..if.
eh:.
OreeKi tlicnoi
chillis west, tlmneo iim f<nty cbnlns soiilli,
Iheiiec (lm forty eh.ilns east, tllOUCO (1 l folly
L'hail is iiin-Ui to im-Iiii of commencement
N. IIA.NSON.
Dated Wasa, B. 0., 10 June, 1608.
NOTICE,
l, Wflllnm T. KeakcL ilo borfliy give not1
llial i;iinvila\s jift'T.late 1 lutein |,> :i,.|-ly
the OohH'oiniiilssioiier of Kast Kooicimyfoi ..
licen.e to soil llmior by rettill on my iiromlscs,
Bltll'lied It! lhe town of C'riviiurook, Smitheast
Koototmy, ll 0.
WILLIAM T. KAAKB,
Dated Juno sist, t>os.
|THE^
CRANBROOK   PHARMACY.
HollBVlmi In tbonronl future of CiiiPhi-onk lias
opened u lar-;.' ami wdi assorted stouk of
....Diiriis....
PATENT MEDICINES,
TOILET ARTICLES,
STATIONERY AND PIPES
Special attention given to mail
and out of town orders.
R. E, BEATTIE,
THE   POPTJXAB
ROUTE   TO 	
east kootenay:
The liirj-c anil cctiiiuotUoitB Bteatuers
• ♦♦•■>)
nl-
■"■in ■
Ii;i!e,I.Ci*anliioi)li, ll. C„ JllUO I
.[. MoKIIN'/tH.
NORTH STAR
J. D. FARRELL
One hundred posscngera and one
hundred and fifty tons freight each
wm open tiie uavifpitlon season on tlio
Kont nay lllvor from
JENNINGS, MONTANA,
- on iiu;-
OREAT   NORTHERN   RAILWAY
l'-or n 1 iiuint. In iciisi ICootonay
About : April 20th.
Por pnsscllniT llllil fnl'il.l I'lllnq nil.lri'ss tin.
cmipniiios1 itajcnt nt Jennings, Mnntunn, or tin-
FORT STEELE MER-.-ANTILE CO.,
I'ort Hlcele or Wardner, n. C.
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION CO,
KOOTENAY RIVER TRANSPORTATION CO.
:   This space will be
occupied by
GROCER*
A complete and well selected stork of Family Groceries,
Miners Supplies, etc., now arriving.
G. & R LEITCH
C'ltANUliOOK, 11. C.
CLOTHING,
BOOTS AND SHOES
HATS AND CAPS
AND COMPLETE LINE Ol'	
Gents' Furnishing Goods.
«*«##*****»»#**«^**aS**#.*«K**aS*#*«*#a>«*
| The Cranbrook Lumber Co.
1     Saw and..
Planing Mills..
CRANBROOK, B. C.
 ALL   KINDS   OP	
ROUGH  AND DRESSED  LUMBER,  DIMENSION
TIMBER, SHINGLES AND MOULDINGS,
IN STOCK Oil MADK TO OKHKIf.
I'UH'I'*   LIST:
i per M
S Dlmciiaion Timber, ax<) to taxra np to ao reel Iour  f i-r> i
^ "        "      over 3<i feet loiifl up tu jo ft, uiM 50C. per
< M forencli ndtlTtlonal a feut.
JJ " "      over 30 ft. loug—prices on ii|)plicntiim,
£ Rotiull I.mnl it-r.   12,   t.\,  1(1 ft.   iQUBlllB	
j Burfneeil    "      13,14,16 ft.      "       ao 00 jipr M $
J( d ini/li Ti Mini 0, 1'Ioorlug—*No, 1  2(1 imi per M 9
t\ 6 inch     " " "   2  12 00 per M st
JJ 4 Inch     " " "   1  a8 00 per M
z 4 ImU     " " "   2  ai 00 per M
t$ o ineli RiiBtlc    "   1  -b if per M
JJ (1 inch     "       "   2   22 nn per M
i 4 Inch V Joint ur bended celling—No. 1  jH 00 j>er M
*, 4 inch v    "    "      "        "        "    j   94 00 per M
* .Sliip Mp—nil widths  aa on per M  >
*J Mouldings und I'mMiitiK lumber, cnsltigs, &c.t prices on m-plicntiuii. k
t\ ARGH'd leitch, Manager.       |
The Cranbrook Hotel
Ryan I InisoD,
PROPRIETORS.
•3 &♦
M« **■* *•*•*■*••■
*-o-*^ I

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