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The Prospector Jun 22, 1911

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Array Cranbrook,   -   B. C.
June   22,   1911
SPECIAL   SOUVENIR
NUMBER
v pickardChin^
.r i   ^
xO_|_L1<a
Our   Ninth   Anniversary
On June 15th, l1"1- we opened oui doors to the people ol Oruuhrnok mul Kasi Kooteiuij
nnd must frunklj lultuil we hnve nevei since regretted it, us ii wun .1 step in the riuln direetion,
for during tins « hole pei iod noi .1 single d 11 litis elusped »ichotil finding us as bus) as hees, Our
trade has grown bj leaps and bounds until todu) we have a Jewell-) store ol which one might be
justl) proud, and reniembei s ou will always he w eleonw al this store, whether \<>u conic to huy.
ni imi We like the uld fashioned saying "Oui latch string hangs outside" and believe our store
lu> .1 reputation for making people feel .11 home w ho come in insl to Innk around.
If you have a selection to make V wedding or anniversary -gift, a remembrance fnr a
friend, .1 token for .1 child's birthday, 01 something new foi youi own usi', > on »ill liiui just the
thing here. The designs this year are exquisite the prices lower the values higher than ever
before, Come in and see them and il you do nol wish to bti) now . we'll be glad to know what
pleases \ ou as it'-. helpful to us,
\ml    DON'T    FORGET
that Ol l< OPTICIAL DI PARTMENT isat your service,^for with nil the Intest Instruments,
and many years of practical experience and an up-to-date LliNS GRINDING I'l.ANT we are
in .1 position to cope w iiii the most difficult cases.
W.   H.  WILSON
Jeweler   niul   Graduate   Optician
r- I681)
The
Royal   Hotel
Cranbrook,  B. C.
<• You will make no mistake by stopping at the Royal Hotel when in the
city of Cranbrook.
f Commercial men will substantiate
this statement,
< Headquarters for mining men, tourists,  ranchers and  lumbermen.
' Cuisine is unexcelled,
f- First class accommodation,
The    Royal   Hotel
VV.   A.   ROLLINS,  Proprietor
CRANBROOK
The King's Subjects
MUST   BE   PROTECTED
But he expects that "every   woman   will do   her  duty" in protecting the Little   Ones entrusted to her care
1
Our Side
Baby Cribs
Protects the young
subjects.
Price   complete
with mattress.
$12.00 to $18.00
If   You   Want   Your   Baby
to be a healthy   subject   of
King   George
Wheel him in none other than
A Wagner Go-Cart
They are   handsome   and   up-to-date
in every feature; their resilient springs,
make them a safe  vehicle for young
children-Price $10.00 to $25.00
Cranbrook
Co-operative   Stores
Limited ■
THE PROSPECTOR
THIS   NUMBER    PUBLISHED    IN    ITS    ENTIRETY   AT   THE    OFFICE    OF   "THE    PROSPECTOR,"   CRANBROOK,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   JUNE   22nd,   1 ** 11
T. M. ROBERTS
City Clerk
Alderman   SIMON   TAYLOR
Alderman   JOSEPH   JACKSON
Alderman   I).   J.   JOHNSON
Mayor   I',   De VERE   HUNT
Aldermen   JOSEPH   CAMPBELL
Aldermen   JOSEPH   McNABB
Alderman   A.   C.   BOWNESS
*    m
>l
a***\*\\
Bi
G. H. THOMPSON
City Solicitor
CRANBROOK'S   3   Ex-MAYORS
OUR   CITY
Cranlirook is the moat prosperous
city in the interior of British Columbia,
The area which now comprises the
Oity of Cranlirook was located some
time in the seventies by John T.
Galbraith as a homestead. This was
shortly after the gold excitement of
Wild Horse Creek, and the grand
rush oi prospectors to the placers of
Perry Creek.
Home twenty-seven years ago it
was purchased by the late Ool, Janit-H
linker, nnd called ('rnnbrook, the
name of the home town of the Baker
family, in Kent, Kngland.
The Bnker estate iu tliis district,
comprising lK.OUll ncres, with thc exception of tbe (inlhraith ranch, was
purchased from tbe provincial govern
ment.
Oranbrook is located in n vnlley of
the 1'urcetl range, which ban a varying widtli of from 2 to ti miles, and
Home eight miles in length. In the
early days of tbe district it was the
largest stock (arm in the Kootenays.
Hundreds of horses and cattle, some
Bay thousands, grazed on the luxurious grasses of the Bt. Joseph valley.
It was in 1897 that the old homestead was plotted as a townsite, during the construction of the Crow's
Nest branch of tbc Canadian Pacific
ra.lway. The tirst house erect e.l after
the town was plotted, whs constructed by James Kyan on the identical
spot where now stands tbe Cranbrook hotel, and was used as a botel
until the new hotel was erected three
years ago.
After the construction of the Crow
line Cranhrook wns made n divisional
point, the bead offices, aud machine
Hbupu were located here, and in tbe
short space of about fourteen years
has grown and prospered, until it is
now the largest city of Southeast
Kootenay with a population of between four and tive thousand Inhabitants,
In early days it was surrounded by
an immense forest, a con .iderable
portion of which has been couverte 1
into lumber by thc many sawmills in
this vicinity. This area is now dotted with farms and ranches. All
kinds of vegetables are grown and
the home market supplied. Many
fruit orchards have reached n commercial stage. Apples, plums and
cherries, strawberries and kindred
small fruits are grown in abundance,
nnd of the finest tlavor.
The city is enjoying a season of
prosperity, second to no city in the
Interior of the province. It has a
monthly payroll approaching $200,-
0(H), Our merchants carry stoc'.s
e<iunl to many cities of 50,000 population.
The municipal council wilt spend
$100,000 this summer in the construction of a sewerage system.
We have municipal water works
with a constant pressure on the
mains of 100 pounds, sufficient at all
times for all emergencies.
We have electric light und power
systems. Telephone and telegraphs
public schools, high school, cbuivheH,
wholesale and retail commercial
houses, banks, foundries, lumbering
and manufacturing plants, but nil
these resources are displayed an I
mentioned in the various pages of
this issue of the Prospector. All
these facts, every resource, orchard
and farm, are shown from photographs, showing that our statements
of the prosperity and progress of the
City of Oranbrook and the district
of Kast Kootenay are facts.
We cordially invite intending Investors to visit ('rnnbrook. If you
want a home with farming land,
come to ('rnnbrook. If you want a
horse or cattle ranch you cnn get it
in the Kootenay vnlley. If in search
of investments come to Cranbrook.
By reading these pages carefully, you
will lind that the above statements
are no idle dream. We have all that
you see in the engravings and more.
You cannot be disappointed If you
ciime and invest, or settle in the
vicinity of  "Beautiful  Cranbrook."
Oranbrook  Business
Directory
There is no town the size of Cranbrook in this province thnt has so
many business houses aw can In found
in this eity.
Large and modern stores, of cement
brick and wood, with large plate
glass windows, with the most up-to-
date display of goods, equal to Winnipeg or Vnncouver stores of similar
characters.
McCreery Bros.—Dry goods, loots
and shoes, gent's clothing and furnishings, and ladies' wearing apparel.
Hill ft Co. -Dry goods, millinery,
ladles' wearing apparel and ladies'
shoes.
Miss McLeod- Millinery and ladles'
wearing apparel.
L. Kotiry—Ladles' and gent's furnishings,
Crnnbrook Co-operative Store, Ltd,
—Gent's wearing apparel, boots nnd
shoes, furniture and household supplies.
E. Hill-Cent's furntshiiii-s, wtaring
apparel, hoots ami shots.
Pye Bros.—Gent's furnishings and
wearing apparel.
Kink Mercantile Company-Gent's
wearing apparel and furnishings, custom tailoring, boots and shoes,, general merchandise, furniture and hnu m-
hnld goods, pianos and organs.
Campbell ft Manning — General
merchandise, fruit   and confectionery.
J. Manning—Groceries.
Little ft Atcheson—Groceries, fruit,
and confectionery.
Ward & Harris -Grocer ie*j.
J. Leask ft Son—Groceries.
KutH ft Co.—Groceries.
BANKS
Canadian Bank of Commerce.
Hoyal Bank of Canada.
Imperial Bank of Canada.
REAL   ESTATE   AND INSURANCE
Cranhrook Agency,
Beale ft Elwell.
V. Hyde Baker.
P. DeVere Hunt.
Arnold & Huberts.
Y, A. Russell.
It. It. Benedict.
JEWELLERS
Raworth RroB.
W. H. Wilson.
HARDWARN
J. I). McBride.
Y. Parks ft Co.
RESTAURANTS.
Century Restaurant.
Century  Ice Cream  Parlor.
Cosy Corner Lunch Counter,
('rnnbrook Grill.
Saratoga Restaurant.
Victoria Restaurant.
Y. M. 0. A. Grill.
WHOLESALE   LIQUOR   DEALERS.
A. ('. Bowness.
A. L. McDematt.
NEWSPAPERS
Oranbrook Prospector,
Cranbrook Herald.
Daily  Entertainer.
THEATRES
Oranbrook opera House.
Edison Theatre,
BARRISTERS.
W, Y. (turd.
Harvey, McCar er &  Macdonald.
G. H. Thompson.
DENTISTS.
Dr. H. E. Hall.
Ur. Y. B. Miles.
TOBACCONISTS.
Armour & Kennedy, cigars and
pool room.
Oranbraoi Cigar SI re and pool
room.
Lester Clapp, wholesale and retail
dealers in tobacco and cigars.
Union Cigar Store and pool room.
butcher4
)'. Burns _. Oo.
Central Meat Market,
East. Kootenay Butcher Oo.
CIVIL  ENGINEERS.
J. T.   Laidlaw.
McVlttle ft Parker,
TRANSFER COMPANIES,
Clt) Trnnsfor Oo., W, E. Worden.
McLeod, transfer.
Transfer Co., .1. Y. I'erry.
HOTELS.
Canadian  lintel    .1.   Mruiilt.
Cosmopolitan Hotel   K, small.
Cranlirook Hotel   Goo,  Hog art.b.
Imperial  Hotel   lv  Mnthoson.
Queen's Hotel   Oils, Andeen.
Hoyal Hotel   W. A. Rollins,
Wentworth Hotel   .1. McTavlsh.
ELECTRIC SUPPLIES.
Davis Bros,  Electric Co,
Empire  Electric  Co.
(Continued on last page;. Special
Attention     Civen
To   Mail   Order
Department
McCreery Bros
Cranbrook's Dry Goods ami Clothing Stores
Special
Attention    (iiven
To   Mail   Order
Department
Our Great Summer Stocks are Ready
The buying of our bin stock was done with the utmost care regarding values and prevailing styles, and we do not hesitate in saying that the
merchandise which we have accumulated is the best that can be procured. Attention is especially called to the exclusive things—things found here
and nowhere else.
The most extensive selections that are possible auy where iu this vicinity are here, anil our extremely low prices for the desirable qualities of
merchandise strongly emphasize that you should buy here.
**.£'',        Ladles Read)
■ '* Bw to-Weat De
Wi partment
i lur assortment ot
.... At-' .        |X
wash coals
a A'   Ll d
•i\ le  and     ...      >
lit.-iv   -   thl     ..■ ■
-. -    a     -   nubroid.
er) dress, I  i ...   -
dress   ni   line    ■
lawn, tin- house ll ■ AS
and  ffasl    suits am
coats "f nil thi pun
Im colors and styles,
vVehnve justthegar-
i it  you're looking
f,,r.
Rugs and Linoleums
Tlu- Rug department is a special
feature of this store. We have an
exceptionally line assortment in
all si/.es, kinds ami colors; also a
good selection of] Nairn's Scotch
Linoleum.
Footwear for Men. Women and Children
Minim . si\ Ic uul durablll
i\ .hi' the three ureal features
□I <<in shoes It mmi have
never worn .1 pall nl mn >,h,irs
give us .1 mai Sole agents
in. Slates Regal, Bell ami
rwentieth Centur) makes—
(Iw lust list nt ngeneies procurable
Corsets and Dress
Accessories
To be correctly gowned, a
woman must be correctly corseted, ln our stock you will
tind the one model which will
correctly corset any figure,
whether tall, small, slight or stout
Special attention is given to
the newest novelties in dress
accessories.
FURNISHINGS KOR
PARTICULAR MEN
We have the smartest selection of all kinds of furnishings. Distinctive and
exclusive styles characterize our lines.
CLOTHING
FOR MEN AND HOYS
VOL will he well dressed
if you wear one of our suits.
Sole agency for
FIT REFORM CLOTHING
Every suit guaranteed.
FOR HOYS
That they will have a hard
time wearing out. Still it
has all the features of style
and shape-retaining qualities.
We can til boys of any age.
The CoMeOe*
LION BRAND
McCREERY   BROS.
Cranbrook, B. C.
EXQUISITE   MILLINERY
Many are the compliments that this department has
received. The latest trends of fashion are followed,
and the prices make this department so prominent.
Wycliffe Hotel
WYCLIFFE, B. C.
Located in the Midst of the Lumbering Resources of East Kootenay
*        iT' r.- stsji 1
ri j.:-3 Jffi
i.'.'U' ifl
I
,Mj'
""'.v.:**
-.--   ,"' ;■"'..,
A home for the  Lumberman, the
Miner and Rancher
WYCLIFFE    HOTEL
HARRY EDWARDS, Proprietor
Central   Meat
Market
NORBURY AVENUE
CRANBROOK,
B. C.
a       .._.„.__,:..*     1
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.....,,'.,',.    ,   '-^^k7,,7T^-s.'.
Fresh and Salted Meats of all Kinds
FISH   AND   GAME   IN   SEASON
CENTRAL   MEAT  MARKET
A.   .IOLIFFE,   Proprietor T. CAVEN, M. P. P.
For Cranbrook Electoral District
C. P. R. Land Department, Cranbrook
Bull River Placer
Mines
More or less interest is being manifested in mining circles in the future
operations of the Bull Uiver Mining
and Power Company, on Bull river.
It is expected thnt mining operations will he commenced on a large
scale sometime this summer, immediately after the high water is over.
Hydraulic mining in this district
has solved itself to n strict business
proposition. Tho Bull Uiver Mining
company has constructed a dam ac-
croHs Bull river, nliont two miles
above the lower falls. Prom tliis
point, just above the placer diggings
a flume 16x5 feet 1ms been constructed for a distance of nearly a mile
nnd three quarters in length. Tbe
equipment of the company will   con-
A LONR FARM OR A FARM  LOAN.
Wither way you     want, if   we   can
serve you.   Have
FARMS FOR HALF
and   money   for   lonn to those   who
cannot   pay    the full   purchesa price
and wish payments to extend over a
period of yenrs.
We have n number of farms situate
in various parts of the district, and
can locate you on  one that will   he
found In every way suitable.
WHITE, OR CALL ON
R.B.BENEDICT
Farm or Timber Lands
Armstrong Avenue
CRANBROOK, B.C.
sist of hydraulic pipe, monitors,
ginnts and sluices, cabins and mess
houses. A sawmill capable of cutting 20,000 feet of lumber daily, was
installed for cutting the lumber used
in the construction, of the dam, and
the building of the big flume.
In the developing (if this hydraulic
plant, the company has had three
things to consider. First, are the
diggings valuable enough to warrant
the vast expenditure entailed—is the
working ground extensive enough to
cover a series of years of progress
and development—also is there sufficient pay gravel.
Second—was there nn ample supply
of water; ami the third was the
equipment nnd dumping ground.
The important subjects were all
passed upou by expert mining and
equipment men, nnd their decisions
were so favorable that the company
have depended over ?200,000 in bringing tbe plant to a stage when mining
operations can be comntencod.
Tbe diggings nre supplied by nn old
channel tilled with auriferous and decomposed strata, This strata has
been prospected, and recent explorations prove gold in paying quantities
to exist on bedrock. Tbe water
supply is ample for all mining and
power purposes, the river has a
strong and constant flow of not less
than 20,000 inches, at Its lowest
stage.
In regard to mining, one who is accustomed to placer operations,, who
knowing the history nnd details of
enrly mining on Bull river would expect to And n large amount of coarse
gold lying in the crevices on bedrock.
When the water in thc river Ib at
its lowest stage, the big flume will
take the entire flow, leaving thnt
portion of the river below tbc dam
free of water, thus mnking placer operations easy, with ample fall to
earry ofl the gravel passing through
the bedrock flumes.
It is the intention of the company
to install a 10,000 horse power plant
this season, which will be in operation fetter* miiw falls this ywr.
Kootenay Central
Railway
East Kootenay on Threshold of Prosperity
Kast Kootenay Is now upon tin'
UiruHlioltl of prosperity. From the
Koutenay and Upper Columbia valleys to (lolilen, a distance ol about
I HO miles, the road Is now under construction.
The untold resources ot Kast Koo
tenay, ol lumbering, mining; and agriculture, which are rapidly being developed, the large Indus ol settlers
into these valleys are the prime factors ln the Immediate completion ol
this most Important railway.
The completion of the K. C. II. will
mean much to Kast Kootenay, and It
is impossible to over-estimate the
benefit to be derived. The road will
open up a new district with great agricultural possibilities, with lumbering and mining resources of great potentiality. It is certain that upon
the completion of the K. 0, R. the
Upper Columbia and Kootenay valleys will be changed trom a scene of
depression, caused by lack of transportation, to a hive ol busy industry.
That trade will be stimulated beyond calculation, is a eertainty, but
with all the benefits, direct and indirect that will accrue from the completion of this line of railway; the
Canadian Pacific will obtain a direct
route, and a comparatively easy
grade through the Rocky mountains.
This is of vast importance to the
railway company, as a large portion
of passengers and heavy freight will
pass over this route east and weBt.
OUT BUHY.
In every quarter the completion of
the K. C. R. through the Upper Columbia and Kootenay is discussed.
and far and near it is admitted that
steel will he laid in the near future,
and that .work is being pushed as last
as modern methods and appliances
will permit. That being the case,
now is the time for the pioneers
along the route to lay the foundation
for their fortunes.
There are endless opportunities to
make money here, awaiting men of
enterprise and energy, and it behooves the men who have had the faith
i in the country to await transportation all these yeara to "get busy"
before tile crowd of "construction
followers" hit the trail for here. You
who know the lay ot the land now
have opportunities that strangers will
grasp a few months hence, so make
the best of your chances at once.
Kootenay Valley
In the Kootenay valley there are
thousands of acres of vacant land;
there is land unexcelled for farming
purposes, vast tracks of timber
lands, and large areas with mineral
indications. Boutheast Kootenay is
not entirely a mining country; its
mineral resources are certainly not
fully developed, owing to lack of
transportation facilities, yet in spite
of this (act there are a thousand men
constantly employed in the big silver-
lead mines. These men with their
families demand foodstuffs, and at
this time a large majority of the
farm and dairy produce consumed is
imported from the Northwest Territories. Farmers are wanted throughout the whole valley. High cash
juices are paid for fresh eggs, milk,
cream, butter and cheese, and garden
truck tlnda a ready market. Southenst Kootenay presents opportunities
that are equalled in uo other undeveloped agricultural district.
Mining is yet in its infancy, Some
portions of the district are practically unexplored, and mining experts do
not attempt to estimate the mineral
wealth that may still lay hidden beneath the surface. Lumbering is progressing rapidly, but there are hound-
less tracts of the finest varieties of
tamarac, flr, spruce and pine. Numerous sawmills and wood-working
factories have heen located during
the past few years and there is a
ready demand for all forest products.
As the land Is cleared the opportunity fnr the farmer opens. The soil is
rich In those qualities necessary to
the production of all root crops,
fruit grows to perfection, and all
grains   flourish    in   an extravagant
SYLVAN DELL
St. Joseph's Creek, Oranbrook
y
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s*k<t$fflsX-Ji'''
James Finley's Residence
,y>>^w ■■■■-"*--^:"-**'V^^i_3__l_H^B_w?
jm\\*\ri\aJ*mar*\^s
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Scenes in the Vicinity of Elko
Construction of the Kootenay Central Railway "1
IB
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The  Otis  Staples  Lumber
Company, Ltd.
WYCLIFFE,     -     B.C.
Manufacturers of
Pine,   Larch   and   Fir   Lumber
Piling,   Bill  Timber
Annual
Capacity
40,000,000 |
Feet       f
Al     Z^fe^^W
Superior
Grades
Mill Work
Unexcelled
te- A Home Market
Bast Kootonay ims n home market
mid its homo (armors mul producers
cannot supply tho local domand. Tho
inines mid Inmborlng rumps ot tho
district employing thousands ol men,
creating u domand that must, In tho
■ near luturo, bo Buppllod by the
agriculturists "f tho KooUnay vol-
loy,   ll  "nly roiiuiros tin1 pooplo   to
oomo in mul   sottli tl"' ill"' UK''1
oulturol lunds. uud false tim nocon-
Mary supply nl farm proiluco, Thou
again, wo bavo mi additional markot
in the prulrlc provinces, which is, In
ninny Instances supplied Irom the adjoining stiit™ I" tlu1 south.
Kriilt is largoly Importod ovory yenr
Irmn tin' Unitod States, ns the uunn-
Hty ut prosonl grown in thla dis
trict is limited tn a down or so orchards only, nml whilst those aro
producing well, it will lie sonic time
botore those now bring plantod will
be hoaring, Fruits nt nil kinds have
boon grown here with groat success,
und fruit growing Is beyond tho experimental stage Tho Bast Kootonay markot is growing larger every
day. Population is Increasing In tbc
rity nml district, nnd the fnt'iiicr nnd
wholesaler Imve an additional market to cator to each yenr. Tho Hunt
Kootonay market extends throughout Alberta and ns lur rust as Winnipeg, Mnn., nml it will lie Impossible tu ovor droam "f satisfying
tlie vast prairie provinces nnd the
Crow's Nest Pass with uny ot tiie
commodities which wc proiluco, eH|iec-
iiilly fruit. The onormotlB conl ileitis
of tlie Crow's Nest I'nss will tnkc nil
we can grow uud novel' foel tlie offectB
ul it in tiieir markot, uml us our production Increases this domund will in-
rreuse throe-fold,
The news nt tbis lliBtl'ict is fliith-
fully chronicled in the Prospector. If
yuu don't, rend tin* ProBpcctoi' yuu
don't get the news.
'I'he Canadian Hunk uf Gommorce
wus Incorporated by Art nf Parliament in the yenr Iiiiiii. nud oponod its
lirst brunches in Ontario in Muy 1867.
The capital ut its inception wus
$1,11111),nun with hoad offlce in Toronto
nnd three branches in Ontario nt
London, St. Cnthorincs nml Barrio.
Sinn'itlint time the capital tins beon
IncronBed from time tu tlmo until it
now stands nt $lii,iuni.i)uu with u rest iri!)8,  under tlie  management of  Mr.
uf {8,000,000   nnd   frum lowing (our J. W. Smyth, in tbc building at pre-
hranchos in points in Ontnrio,   tbey sent occupied iiy Mr.  W.  H. Wilson,
now huve 238 branches covering   nil ~he present   home   of   tbc bunk was
parts of Canada, Including the Yukon compleW(,   ,„   lm  „„,, ,„is Ul.nn(.h.
territory,     Loudon,    England;     New       , ...__,
York,   three   points   on   the Pncilic "mlcr tll(! management of Mr. ll.   T.
Seaboard nf the United States, nnd n Drymnor uuw omployB a stall of nine
branch in thc Olty of Mexico. in looking after   its   varied business
Tlie Cranbrook offlce wns opened Iu interests.
Cranbrook   Residences
'•'' '^<»«~_'   .  J'i_
,'    .W,]Tij«
I). .1. Johnson's Residence
U. J. Elmer's Resilience
R. A. Racklyeft's Residence
The
Real
Goods
We have chosen Kodak goods for our
photographic department because they are
the real goods—not the imitations. We
know that they are right, that they come
from dependable people and we otter them
to you, our customers, with the knowledge
that they are going to prove satisfactory.
Here is the smallest of the pocket series,
the
No. 1 Folding Pocket
Kodak
So small that it is easily carried in any
coat pocket. The pictures are 2'+ x 3'+
inches. Price $10.00. Let us show you the
full line of Kodaks aud Brownies and help
you to a selection.
We carry a complete line of Edison
Phonographs  and   Records
The Gem at  $19.50
OR
The   Amberola at $300.00
Come in and hear them play. We can
make terms to suit any reasonable person.
We also carry a complete line of
Victor Gramaphones
Records  and  Needles,
Etc.
It is not necessary to tell you about
our
Drug Department
90 per cent, of the people patronize us.
We have the biggest prescription business
in the interior of B. C. There's a reason
—ask your doctor.
THE
Beattie-Murphy Co.,
Ltd.
"Where It Pays to Deal."
Our mail order department
is properly organized and
you get satisfactory service. Cranbrook Plumbing, Tinsmithing
and Heating Company
VV. I   JOHNSON, Proprioti
Sec Us I'irst
Hei
iting
of all
Kinds
Hot Air
Kurnnees
Hut
Water
Steam
Boilers
Promptl;
Installed
1
Phone   340
Estimates Given
Repairs
a Specialty
Everything in Tin und Iron
made to order
II Blower     System
i]
I      Mine Ventilntion Expert
P.  0.   Box   <>04
Hanson Avenue
Cranbrook, B. C.
M. A. BEALE
E. ELWELL
Beale & Elwell
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE
GENERAL   AGENTS,   NOTARIES,   ETC.
OFFICES AT
IS Greni St. Helens,  London, I'.. (:.. England
< RANBROOK. II C.
Moyic, 11. C.
tun Steele, 11. C.
Kimberly, 11. C,
Marysville, 11. <:.
I- lk.». II. C.
Wardner, 11  C:.
CODES
LIBBER
(LOU,II
WORKING i- MAI.
TELEGRAMS
HI.AI.WI.I.I.   CRANBROOK
Farm,   Fruit,    Improved     and
Unimproved Lands
FOR SALE IN SMALL OR LARGE TRACTS
WRITE   KOR   PARTICULARS
CRANBROOK, B. C.
Established \H')~ Telephone No. 20
The   very    best
Will bear inspection
Wall   Paper
Painting and  Decorating
HIGHEST   QUALITY
Our stock is selected from the Best
Manufacturers within
The Empire
AND  WE  GUARANTEE   RESULTS
SIGN   WORK  A  SPECIALTY
B. H. Short
P.O. BOX
33
The Painter and Decorator
ARMSTRONG AVE.
PHONE
Ul
J bolng  vary  protlciont  musicians, uml
thr fuel thut tin* school jinsst'ssps n
splendid piano which waB purchased
[nun tho fund* raised by the Chrlal
mas Bchool entertainment, given
•vbolly hy tlio Bchulara themselves,
reflects groal crodll nn tholi musical
ability.
Musical education of tin* children
means muslu In tho homes, il nlsu
moans thai tin* generations tn cume
will have i.h» henolH nf pre-natal in
nuances conducive to strong musical
development, nnd such a condition of
affairs, with nil its refining qualities,
hoth In mural nml Boclal life, would
ho very desirable, tlivo tim children
n musical oducatlon, and in u low
yours you will produce n miiBicnl
nation*
Tho placo occiipiod hy muslo In tbo
social Uf'1 of u rity is n very Important factor, nml thr cltUona nf Crnnbrook linVO rciili/cd   tills.    Thoy  huve
formed what ih known ns thoCran*
brook Oporatlc Hocioty, uml this or
ganlsatlon. although only n few
iiumlliK (thl. hns made for itself all
envlahlo roputation, taking its place
with the host amateur oporatlc
soolotlos in tho country, It conaistB of
a chorus nf sixty voices, lum soloists
thnt would ho n credit to uny mimical
organisation, and lum un oroboBtrn uf
twolvo piecos, It's first production,
"The Qoiaha," took placo a fow
weeks ago, ami frum ovory standpoint was a complete success, every
person taking pint meriting the highest praise.
While thm society was formed
primarily with the object of producing uperns, it alBo 1ms other wnrk in
view, niul will from tlmo to time, engage in oratorio work. Other features uf the organization consist of
a concert male quartette, concert
Indies quartette, minstrel troupe,
glee club and dramatic society, while
thi1  orchestra   possesses   practically
nil solo players, and their respective
solo numbers would enhance nny pin
gramme.
Thi' following extract was copied
frum om- nf the Society's programs
nnd speitks fur itself
"Tho object of this organization is
tu dovolop local talent and ability,
nml tu raise tin* plum- nf music nml
dramatic art  to as high s standard
No matter under whut circumstances nr In whut country one might, hu
living, tbut life would imt he worth
living at till, were it not fur the influences brought tu hear upon man's
tlner being, hy the subtle charms uf
Dame Nature uud Music. While tbe
former appeals tu every soul, iu a
more ur less marked degree, nnd
gives birth tu noble. Inspirations,
which, in their turn, form tlie foundations upon whirb arc constructed
man's greatest artistic achievements.
The latter has a wider field, and
touches even tim most sordid of
humanity which could never know tbo
thrills of inspiration by merely gazing upon some of thc Crentor's mnr-
varlous band work.
Whilst there is a certain type of so-
called music, which has a demoralizing effect upon one, it is the general
concensus of opinion that music always haB a retining influence, and in
this case thc general opinion is right.
In this respect Crnnbrook, and thc
vicinity is blessed to n marked extent, although being n new country.
the average person frum musical and
artistic centres would Iin nil y give
credence to such n statement. Like
all newly opened up country, (for it
is only during the lust few yenrs thnt
this section of tha country has become opened up) the public which go
towards mnking the citizens nre very
Cosmopolitan, having come here from
ultimat   every    quarter   of tbe globe,
several frum tbe larger eastern Canadian nnd American cities, some frum
the Ilritish Isles, n greut many from
the various European countries, and
not a few from the Orient. With n
community composed nf peoples frum
such a variety of sources, it is not
bard to surmise tbut we hnve n wide
range of musical talent to draw from
und while some of it is uut as brilliant as it. might be, it is really surprising to tind so many musical organisations here. Space will not permit of a fully detailed account of all
uf tbem, but a few remarks concerning some of tbem will be of interest.
There nro ftve churches in Cranhrook alone which have emu p.-tent
organists nnd choirmasters, and the
musical part of the various services
always Include four-voice choirs, who
handle general anthems, etc,, with
more than ordinary credit to themselves.
The church music iu itself should lie
regarded ns one of the importnnt
factors in a community as the real
refining influences of music nre never
as pregnant as when they are heard
floating forth in inspiring melodies,
or thundering forth in mighty sonorous chords, in the sacred preclnths
uf a place of worship.
Thc next importnnt plnce for music
is in the home Mow muny prodigal
suns und daughters have been arrested nn tbeir downward path, Iiy hoar-
fug perhaps, nu uld favorite hymn or
song, the chords of which awakened
some bygone recollections nf tbe dcur
GICO. IV INCiRAM
Newly Appointed Hand Master
us possible; in short, tu make Crnnhrook able to compete favorably
witb any progressive, up-to-date
city."
Cranhrook also possesses u brass
hand, and numbers ahuut twenty
players, ami during the summer
months open air coitcorts nre given
each week, which afford a greut ileal
of pleasure to the citizens.   The band
nls.) enlivens proceedings on all public holidays and special occasions.
.hiring the winter months, the s-tat-
Ing enthusiasts received mm b pltas-
ure from tins organization, us it's
services are called Luto requisition,
nml tbe stylo of music, with the tempo and rhythin required, is always
most acceptably rendered.
Orchestral work plays no small
part in Cranbrook, as there are
several organized orchestras, ail doing good work. Tho two theatres
hero each pobsoss n llvo-piocc orchestra, and in addition to the operatic
Society's orchestra already mentioned, thoro aro n couple of orchestras
wblcb handle thr season's dancos.
Thus fm, tba writer has only alluded to musical "i unitizations uf
Crnnbrook, bin tho outlying districts
are also giving special attention tu
mimical matters; they nre improving
tholr church choirs, forming dramatic
societies, uml ale generally enrolling
mt: musical duvoloptnont,
rtlioli    »,   c hi sl   naturally
bring aboul  , pward trend of uf
rairs. nml when  wn itop lo consider
(hut   with   all     the   typical)*]    western
energetic vibrant life, nml the never
censing hum of husiuesH; With everyone striving   for   the   possession   uf
dollara ami cents amidst a mighty
lurreut of competition, it is refreshing us a gentle rain ufter a dry summer's duy, tn mid that thoro is
something mori1 to life thnn u mere
struggle after the things of earth; we
bavo to recognize the demands of tbe
human soul, nnd music goes a long
»vay in supplying these demands.
When people begin tu supply these
demands through the channel of
music, they ure well on the wuy to
better, nobler and higher alms, tbey
are getting nearer to the Creator,
and, after all, what nobler purpose
could mankind have'.'
UhJO, l>. INGRAM.
1.   R. Kellogg's Residence      2. M. Frost's Residence       3. A. A. McKinnon's Residence
4.   R. Johnson's Residence   5. M. McCarthur's Residence   6.   A. E. Jones' Residence
7.   H. Brock's Residence
Some of the Residences Built by Us in the City  During the Summer of 1910.
Phone 334, or Address P. 0. Boxes 284 or 1 *>2 for Information.
BUILDINGS ERECTED ON THE MONTHLY PAYMENT SYSTEM.
CHRISTIAN   &   JONES
Contractors, Etc.
Study of the Higher Arts in Cranbrook
old home, a fond mother's face, or
some little incident dear to their
childhood duys'.' Cnn nny person
imagine anything mure sacred or
mure Inspiring, thnn n family group-
gathered, perhaps, on n sabbath evening nfter church; father, mother,
brothers and sinters, one of tbo family heated nt the piano or organ, and
all of them singing for the very joy
of singing? Think you thut such un
Influence In the homo will caubo separations? Yes, perhaps painful ones
of tlie body,, but under audi circumstances such a family could never bo
separated in spirit.
practically every child who is sufficiently developed is receiving u
musical education in Oranbrook, and
the teachers who are engaged in tbe
musical profession nre all competent,
most of tbem holding diplomas or
certificates, nnd two of them giving
conservatory courses. Oranbrook is
in close proximity to Oalgary, where
Mr. Prank Wrigley, a member uf the
associated BoardB of the Royal Academy, and tlie Ituynl College of
Music, London, Kng., resides. This
gentleman is the authorised examiner
fur this Institution, and pupils desirous uf taking these examinations,
can du sn tut Ito readily, und save the
expense incurred in a trip east; tience
the possibilities us far us securing n
really first-class musical oducatlon In
concerned nre practically unlimited.
There is a certain Amount of music
taught in lhe public schools, several
of  thc local  staff of school   teachers
A   Commercial   Orchard,   Wm. Hamilton,   Cranhrook, B.C Cranbrook Jobbers, Ltd.,
WHOLESALE GROCERS
Capitalized $200,000.00
Cranbrook, B. C.
GEO.   I    STEVENSON
M.iiunnm   Director .uul S,v \   Proas
This recentl) organized
(lompanv is tir^t i'\ idenee
nf the substantial grow th
and development of Cranbrook and tin' district.
ii?**!
^H_^ESS!^H^^E*~*^.v^^HN:C' a
_>_ .        —-"* ■»_-*K"r" '" :-«_&__i__«.
---w^si'^^S^^??®^
^-^^r^-V^ iife.~*'^S2^E___^1'_ri_: -** '.:^5___-
»||||*^f-^-^^5J. V *r" *5
rfeigfRi::.--™-*?-.-v. ..-;.-,--.-■• ?._
Truck, Warehouse und Offices Under Construction.     Capacity One Hundred Ours.
Our Goods and Treatment Always Guaranteed
H__
The Seven Wonders
of the World
Are no more important than the SEVEN
REASONS why you should deal with us
1st     V^/UAI-ITY tells the story of a true bargain.
2nd    \_y   GET what you ask for at •
3rd    J\ Ol
our store.
4th
IALIF1ED chemist is always at your service.
LET us dispense your prescriptions by the most up-to-
date methods.
I
T is important that your family receipts and prescrip-
^,1,        I tions be filled by men who know and have had
experience in the largest cities of Canada.
THF. best and purest drugs ONLY are employed in our
dispensing department.
v
7th       X   Ol   can place confidence in ou
Tells the
Story of a
True
Bargain
TT
r word and work.
CRANBROOK DRUG AND
BOOK COMPANY, Ltd.
I'. S. Parcels delivered anywhere at any
time, within the city limits. Phone us
your wants, Wc are always al the other
end nl phone 74.
Our Motto Is: "You Ought to Have an Auto
Because You Can Afford a Ford."
We Give You the Best Value for Your Money
and the Price Is Adjusted to the Pocket-
books of the Common People.
D. V. MOTT
Agent for South Kootenay, Cranbrook and Kernie, It. C.
07e <ffir
*^vn£/w/cr nvm/tani/-.
of Canada,Limited » J
f.j;;v.*HP»i-*i  riff
(mm ■ a ;
Bftt'i
WW Tr    """* '-_U-__h^__-l
mi*Vwt*a\\\          V.w1 i    rn
w* 1
ftiT-4f ;i:.
•^4 !m
r__ ■ *
r     '   '        -     1
Armstrong Ave tint1 Phono 370 Oppmite Imperial Hotel
"My Valet"
NIBLOCK   &   BARKER
Tailoring,   Cleaning,   Pressing,   and
Repairing
Wu nn- specialists in thi'se lines.
Hi:   ALSO   MAKI!   I.ADIls    WORK   A   SIM '.I IAI/1 \
Goods   iiiiiii!   for   anil   ilt'Hvcri'il.
Wi1   employ   lirst-eliiss   help   only.      Our   prices   rciunnnhlc
In  April   1907,  .Inn.   II.  Pin'!   and Oranbrook.   Thia store became head- health.     J.   P. Kink then organized 0r Bast Koutenay.   Tbey carry Pur-
Jacob P   Pink with their nssociatcs.  quarters in 18!I'J.   In 1903 J. H. anil  the Fink   Mercantile Co. Ltd.,   who iiiture and house lurnlBhlngs, grocer-
were   conducting   the   stores   of. tho  .1.  .'. Pink   purchased   tho business,  constructed the beautiful store which les and men's wear of all kind.I, also
tbey now occupy.   This store, though do n large custom tailoring business.
Port Steele Merciinlile Co.,  Ltd., nt nml conducted it under the iinnio   ol  m|f b(| |||rB(,. |s |aM {o fce on0 Q( thc They „,„„,„„  )8 pi!0|,le    j   p   FiIlk
Porl Steele mul Wnrdner.  In August Pink  Bros.,  until 1800    when  .1.   II.   iIPSt lighted und furnished in Cannda.  E. Paterson, 1). J. McSweyn, and W.
18118   another  store   wns   opened   in  Pink    withdraw    on   account   of   ill Tbeir liiisiness extends In every part 11. Laldlow nre the directors.
CRANBROOK PROSPECTS
In British Columbia the coming
mining district hi emu to lie tlmt portion of Soutli Hast Kootenay tributary to the t-ity of Cranhrook.
The Immense bodies of IiiRb nnd
low grmio ore ensures great industrial development ,ns eoou as transportation can he furnished by the
Kootcnv, Central railway, now undir
construction.
In every direction from the City of
Cranbrook nre promising mining
camps, end) capable of supporting
tho-.sni'ds of operators. Tbe nearness
of the (.•rent coal liclds of the Crow's
Nest Pass is o. great advantage, and
tbem tan he little doubt hut that
railway competition will be secured
iu tlie near future by connections witb
the Canadian Northern, Great Northern rs well ns tbe Canadian Pacific
tbreo transcontinental railways.
The oldest town in tbe district ts
Fort Steele, once the capital of the
Kootcimys, which is beautifully located on the Kootenay river. The
largest and most prosperous city in
t.iiis district is Cranbrook, it. is located in tbe centre of u vast lumbering, mining, aud agricultural district. It is built on high land, tbe
scenery being magnificent and the
climate unsurpassed.
in the vicinity of Cranbrook are
many large ranches, where fruit of
every description, as well aa the finest of vegetables and grain are raised. The two largest silver-lead mines
in Canada are located in tbc Cranlirook district, and close to tbe city
nre many promising mineral properties showing deposits of lead, silver
copper aud gold. On thc slopes of
the Purcell range of mountains, in
the St. Mary's river district, a distance of twenty miles, cupper and
silver-lead properties, as well 'as
placer mines, are being developed on
almost every river, creek, or stream
tbat   flows from  the  mountains.
To the nortli, in the Upper Oolumbla valley, are lound many promising properties In various stages of
development, which have large bodies
of silver.lead oro, end which, witb
adequate transportation would become lnrge nml constant shippers in
tbo Kootenay valley, to the east,
there are many properties, In fact
we might sny tlmt this great area
is full of tho precious mineral of nature, only awaiting conditions favorable for its development) the com
pletioti ol ihe Kootenay Central railway,
This whole aroa is trlbutory to the
City   of     Crnnhrook,   which is   tbe
natural     supply     and
point.
The   Cranbrook   Bakery
F. Kummer, Prop.
,   1
■ ,'<;. if.          i
:7    :
"cy ■■ ■
■-• _ •
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Hydraulic   Mining   near   Cranbrook
New (-ity Hall in course of construction
Hanson's Block in course of construction
NKW   BUILDINGS
During run over Jir.i
n the erection of liov
Distributing tbe eity nl (Jranbrook.
There is now  under
Falls of Perry Creek, Showing Flume of the Perry Creek Hydraulic Mining Co.
In   conclusion   we   shell only   sny new uiiiniriiuil building which bus u
"koo|i your eyes on l.lie metrnpolls ol ostimnlod imkI ol t2(l,llfl0.   A IiIiicb ,,
tbe vnsl  liiinl.i'iini:, ininliie. und «_rl linker strool, ciisIIiik over (110,000
cultural centre, Cranbrook, block lor n   wboloualo   business,
ei'lei
nt nn oxpcniliturn ol sonio $20,-
UUD wns si'i
it
llllll,
slon
innliles miniy new residential nml
liiiihhni"!
biiililinus
in
Tii
city will Mpeinl Hns year $1011.-
niiiBlnirh.il
U
(Mill   i
systi
1 lhe luRtnllnUon ,,f n soweraKfl
u The city will spend nearly $3(1,000
A in streol Impruvomonta alone tinn
- year.
L THE
Standard Lumber Mill
is located two miles east of the City of
Cranbrook, on St. Joseph Creek
IV
l__l    "- ^£r+:~- :-M**-
i   A~i'\   ■                —
mm^&m
h*,:-:
Standard Mill from West
The Standard Luml er companj is
one nf the hesl compant- s In the dis
tricl it. - .erj rousertmum- lit its
operations, and the handling ol Its
output, which finds a ready market
in tiif prairii
The Standai |   rated    has
been  in  operation  sonic eight   years
It is capitalised al  i- K)   though a
large portion  of tins stock  bas   not
been placed on the market.
The dally cul I the mill is about
50,000 feet, or a total of 7,000,000 (eet
per year. The company has constructed some aeven or eight miles of
railway, ami logging is conducted In
the most economical manner.
The   output    of   the mills is   also
handled on un economical basis, a
spur, one mile in length connects
With the Kimberly branch of the
.Vow's Nest line, enabling the com
pany to lon a cars in tbe yard, thus
making daily shipments as a minimum cost.
The mill ts uptodate In every particular, nml the lumber produced of a
superior quality.
Ttie mill is under the management
ot Simon Taylor, oue of tbe test and
moat conservative mill meu of the
district, who is also vice-president
and  managing  director.
Mr. V. Hyde Haker iH secretary of
the company.
The Company has large areas of
standing lumber which will take several years to cut.
Lumber   Yard
Taylor   Lumber   Co.
The Taylor Lumber compnny,
located at Klmberly, which is the
terminal of the Kimberly branch of
the Crow's Nest railway, is an incorporated company,, capitalized at
$50,000, tind is under the management of Mr. Alex. Taylor, wbo is also a director of the company.
The mill has a daily output of some
35,000  feet,   with  a yearly output of
ti,000,000. The company has large
areas of forest timber which will
take eight or ten yearn to cut.
This company finds a ready market
for its products, in prairie provinces
of  the  great north  west.
Simon Taylor, of Cranbrook, is
president, and managing director of
this company.
Loading Logs near Cranbrook
THE   YAHK LUMBER CO.
Railway trainload of Logs
The Vnhit Lumber company, with a
capital of (50,000 m locatod at Vabk,
B. 0. It ih on tbe line of tho ('row's
Meat branch.
it has fin    uptodate   milling plant
capable of cutting 30,000 bet of lum
hei    dally,     Thc    yearly   output   ih
C.OOO.OOn feet,
('has.
McNab, of Cranbrook,  is the
managing    dlrecti
r of
this
company,
and .Mr.
James Taylor
loca
manager
at Yahk
Thin
company
litis
Hbn
large re-
reserves
of uncut
luml
er.
J*~ rr^T
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:>■?■■'■; 1^';_*»~*»:"__"'  '
S^-SK
StanJanl Mill from Kast
Uh
_a am
Agricultural   Resources
FARMING   IN   THE   CRANBROOK   DISTRICT   IN   ITS   SEVERAL   BRANCHES
»Y   (i.   H.   ASHWORTH
3   □
anu
Cranhrook   is   proud   of tlie great
mineral ami lumber wealth in her immediate vicinity, nnd although these
resources    hnve    us yet been scarcely
* tapped, one occasionally comes across
a   "k ker"  who asks:    "What will
support and contribute to the expansion of tho eity when thoso
resources nre oxhnustod?" The
chance thnl any of these pessimists
will live long enough to see this
come to pass nre very small Indeed;
and long Indole there is nny dimini-
hoti of the Income from these sources
agriculture in ils various forms will
have grown t*» nn extent undreamed
uf hy those who have not studied the
capabilities ol our soil nml climate.
Many who have attempted tbe rata-
Ing of fruit and Vegetables have made
a lamentable failure of it, but in
most, iT md all cases this ims been
due to lack of knowledge or perseverance. A friend of tlie writer only tbc
other day made tlie assertion that
tlie district was of no use (or farming purposes, nnd cited uh proof, the
fact tlmt on bis father's farm in
Ontnrio they could produce more
from one acre id land than could be
produced from live ncres in this country. This is mt doubt true to a certain extent, ns the old homestead
had had the muscle and brains of at
lenst iwo generations put into it, but
there is not the slightest doubt that
our soil ami climate cnn produce
quite ns much as cau be done In not
only Ontario, but any country in the
world, and In a fraction of tbe time
settled district, hut as mentioned before, these are more thnn compensated for hy the higher prices obtainable for bis produce, wben the difficulties are overcome.
The farmer in tlie east absorbs tbe
knowledge of what will "do," and
What will "uot do." in tbe soil from
childhood up, hut when be changes
bis location to tbe west be must tind
out tbe best crops to grow, ami the
method of treatment necessitated by
strange conditions. If he tries eastern crops and eastern methods, and
finds these a failure, he is just as
much Jus tilled in condemning tho
country as would a settler from Florida or California who failed to grow
n crop of oranges in British Columbia.
lu tbis article tbe writer will deal
as far as possible with what he considers tbe best methods to be adopted to ensure success in the immediate
vicinity of the city, or as far as the
same conditions of soil, altitude and
climate apply, and also as far as
possible witb matters that have come
under his own experience or observation only.
The tirst subject to be considered is
the preparation of the soil, so tbat
it becomes suitable to the requirements of the crop to he grown on it;
the soil may contain any or all of
tbe constituents necessary to plant
life, but these require to be got into
such a condition ns to be readily absorbed in the crop pinuted, and be
converted ns ipiickly i\s possible into
it took my friend's ancestors to get
theii1 farm into its present state of
productiveness. Owing to tlie immense Improvements in agricultural
Implements und the publication of
the results of experimental und
educational work done by our
provincial and dominion governments
ns well ns private Individuals,
The government of our province, ii|o
to tbe last, few years took little Interest in flu- development of the land,
being content with the revenue produced from ils mines, fisheries and
lumber industries, but our present
government rcallM Ihnl. our greatest,
und most stable wealth will come
from the soil uud nre sparing neither
pains nor money to help the farmer,
and would he farmer, to get the best
results from his labor, by engaging
the best experts to he bad in their
various lines, the support of farmers'
Institutes, agricultural. societies,
farmer's Co-operative associations,
etc., not to mention the amount
spent yearly on the opening up of
new roads, and tlie improvement of
old ones.
Referring again to the difference between our distiict, and tbe older cultivated parts of the country one must
always taku into consideration the
difference between the prices obtained
Ity a farmer in Hritish Columbia and
one lu tbc east, which iu many products, is several times as great, in
the former Instances ns in the latter.
It would he worse thnn useless to
assert that the farmer in a new country does not imve more, difficulties to
contend wiih than the ono in an old
tbe finished product; to imagine that
all that is necessary is to break tbe
laud and sow the seed, or plant fruit
trees, is to make a big mistake, and
to adopt this plan is to ensure failure and disappointment; forest trees
and farm crops requiring totally different conditions. New land cannot
he broken too deeply, or cultivated
too much before even a rough forage
crop is put in, and thc better results
obtained by tbe thorough working ol
the soil in its raw state will more
thun compensate the cultivator for
his pains, besides being a ho much
better start towards getting the land
Into a condition in which it will do
itself aud its owner justice, and become a remunerative and permanent
asset. Liberal dressings of manure
should also be supplied, not only to
supply the humus which is necessary,
but also because thc decomposition
of organic matter in the soil, helps
to convert many unorganic substances
iu tbe soil from a condition in which
they arc unavailable for plant food,
into the reverse. The treatment mentioned is also of extreme benefit In
enabling the soil to absorb and retain thc moisture required during thc
dry spells when no rain falls to replace evaporation. Kvery reader is
familiar with the Inw of capillary attraction as illustrated by tbe manner
in which the oil of a lamp ascends
through the wick; thc same principle
applies to tbe action of the soil In
conveying tbe moisture from tbe subsoil to the surface, and the more
finely and deeply tbe soit Is broken
up, the more this action is facilitated.
Tliis rising of moisture to the sur- After the soil has been prepared it fore sunrise und as more land is
faeo is generally to he easily ohserv- bl advisable, if not altogether neces- broken and cultivated mole of the
ed in a well dug and tlnely raked gnr- s.uy to grow a forage crop on land sun's beat will he absorbed during
den, more particularly if the surface thnt is intended to lie used for fruit the day, and so raise the high torn*
has been gently rolled; look at your or vegetables, some species of the pernture. It is also noticeable that,
garden in tbe evening after a hot sun leguminous or lam family for prefer- many of tbe frosts occur after a ram,
or a dry wind and it will appenr ah- ance, Por fairly rich, well drained due partly, if not wholly, to the
solutely dry, hut early next morning laud alfalfa in one of the best, hut is lowering of the teiiiperulure (.f Die
it. wlll often he found as dark hi sometimes a little dittlcult to get es- atmosphere hy the evaporation of
color as though rain luul fallen dur- tabltshed. Wheu it is established, water winch has remained on or nenr
Ing tbe night. however,  it constitutes a useful  and  the   surface   of   the     ground.     This
Too great stress cannot be laid ou profitable crop either for pasture or forms another instance ,>f the ndvatl
tbe importance not only of having as  hay, tage   of deep   and   thorough cultiva
tion, enabling the water to soak into
tlie ground and thus avoid rapid
evaporation and consequent lowering
of temperature. Tbat. this is the ense
was proved hy the writer a couple of
years ago, when he hnd two lots of
tomatoes plauteil out. one lot on
land that bad been deeply spaded,
and well manured, tbe other on a
shallow ploughing. Wben tbe tirst
frost came the former were uninjured,
whilst the latter were ruined, although not more than twenty or
thirty feet intervened between them.
Hmall fruits of all kinds grow to a
perfection unknown in many districts
which have u big reputation for fruit
growing, prof. Lake, of the Oregon
College of Agriculture, who wns
through here some two or three yenrs
ago, remarked that he bud seen black
currants grown here tbut were a surprise to him, and that looked almost
like cherries.
much of tbc moisture contained in For moist bottom land, alsike or A K°ort nmny Vftrlcties ltf apples
tbe soil available for use, or of the red clover will he found suitable and aml plums flre stable for our cli-
itnportnnce of carefully conserving all remunerative, and for dry situations mate nml BOi1' hllt m're ^nin Cftro
moisture tbat falls either as rain or vetches, once started, will stand numt u0 tftktm tn |,lmit thp varieties
snow. Tbis moisture Is Infinitely quite n severe drought, particularly
more beneficial than any tbat can be if sown witb a cover crop of oats or
applied by means of irrigation, both rye, in fact tbe majority of tbe
because it is tbe same temperature clovers seem to get a better start
as tbc land, and becnusc it becomes under these conditions,
saturated witb tbe plant foods con- \v|u.n sowing root crops it is im-
tained in the soil and builds up a portant that suitable varieties of
more solid plant tissue. Tbis fact is each class be chosen; even in the
well known by the user or dealer in hardest classes of vegetables it Is lm-
root crops who finds a great differ- portant that careful study be made
encc in tbe quality and keeping pro- „f the best variety to be sown. In
perties of non-irrigated roots as com- gllch things ns turnips, cabbage,
pared with those grown under irriga- cauliflower, carrots, onions, etc.,
tion, the difference being overwhelm- each variety found in the seed catal-
ingly in favor of tbc first mentioned. ()gue has been produced after years of
How often do we see lnnd ploughed careful cultivation and selection with
late in the spring, and left in the some pareicular object kept contin-
furrow until it is dust dry, or baked nally in view by tbe originator. Some
as bard as a brick? varieties   have been raised witb   tbe
When it is remembered that soil object of getting thc earliest possible
thus exposed to tbe drying effects of maturity, others to mature late,
sun and wind loses several tons of others for special quality or size;
moisture per acre in one day, is it others again to resist drought, or
any wonder that we so often hear it cold, or extreme temperatures, ami so
said tbat irrigation is necessary to on; so that tbe importance of careful
ensure a crop? selection is self evident.   If the rules
he seen in numbers of ornamental (a
in_: in.te nf interrogation, please Mi.
Editor) trees in uur eity, which are
wonderful Bpoclmnnn of arborlcal
monstrosities. It should always he
home in uiiii'l th.it ui- matter how
much growth a tree makes during the
Btimmor, unless the new growth Is
well ripened before winter, ll cannol
withstand the frost, so Hint it Is far
more beneficial to have a modorate
growth which will stn ml Lho wlntei.
thun io have n rank, sappy growth
winch will w dead ih.- following
spring.
The    writer    hopes    thnl     tllO   for.'
going remarks will al least lead
some render to study his plants ami
trees and lo carefully note lhe effect
of   nay    particular   treatment which
will be tbe most, effective form of e.lu
cation be could possibly procure.
Tlie question may be usked as to
how much of the information referred
to in this article may be obtained.
due method by which much may be
learned is to write the Department of
Agriculture at Victoria, who semi.
free of charge, pamphlets tin most
subjects, hut much better still, to
attend tlie meetings of the Farmer s
Institute which are so little taken
advantage of. Admission is free to
all, and many of them an' addressed
hy experts sent hy the (l.iveraiueiit
ut roiisidrrshle expense, hut the
greatest benefits of all are to he de
rived hy bringing up your failures,
3ome other member often hnving hnd
to    face   the   sa     difficulties,    and
found menus to overcome them.
which are suitable, and also to have
the soil in a suitable condition, aud
to plant correctly.
One thing the writer has found
most beneficial in starting newly
planted trees and small fruit bushes
is to put a fork full of manure underneath, Imt not in actual contact with
tbe roots, that is to say, having a
thin layer of earth on tbe top of ii1.
This must be well tramped into tbe
hide, and saturated witb wnter, tbe
tree put in and tbe bole about half
filled witb enrth, then again well
soaked witb watcr. Tbe advantages
of this method are thut the slight
beat produced hy the decomposition
of tbe manure induces tlie formation
of new rootlets, while the rotted
manure becomes a porous layer
through which the newly formed foot-
lets penetrate easily, nnd it also assists tbe capillary action referred to
previously.
Another fatal mistake, which, in
the opinion of the writer  Is res-ton-
During the five years the writer lias mentioned are observed good crops of sihle ,or much wintor kUllng lti   th0
lived   it.    British   Columbia we have clover,    grain, and all common roots vicimm trPfi b»tclierinK 0,ton ',ftr*>e<-
nover had a season when root crops ran   he relied    upon;   but at present rat(!<1 ln tho nftmo "f Pp"n-nB*   Kvfi,'y
have failed through lack of moisture, tbe   more    delicate   crops,   hucI.   as horticulturist   knows of course   that
where   thorough   methods of ciltiva- cucumbers, squash, string beans, etc., l,ril"l»« |H necessary to produce good
tion   have   been   used,   nnd varieties are subject to,damage from the slight ,rult» bMt tnls ahouW   ,)0 ,1'"u' akiU'
adapted to thc country and tho na- sun r frosts to which we are liable, ,ul,»    ftml   wHh "    ,1,,,il,lt'' D,,J0(lt U1
hire    of the   soil   have   been   sown, though, as bas been pointed out   in
There are, of course, a certain bum- previous articles, these will probably
ber of high gravel  benches  in  places disappear   ns   the district is cleared il ■"■"Wing what   Hi.,.   .1   will    bin
where it would   be ridiculous to ox- nud cultivated.
pect to grow either fruit, vegetables,    From observations mado for savor
or grasses, without thc artificial up- al   summers   tbo   writer   round that improssion that pruning nud slashing
plication   of   water, but. those spots practically    all   tho damaging frosts ,iro nynonimous.
are small, few, and far between. last only for two or three hours be-     Many Illustrations of this Idea mny
COMMUNICATION
view,   not   a   single   cut   should he
made without the person  who makes
on the tree,  whereas, tunny would be
horticulturists seem  to 1)0  under    tho
Mr.  Editor—
I beg tit trespass on your valuable
space as a medium for expressing my
views of a vast stretch of magnificent
country that you Imve in the Crnnbrook district, also through tho
Kootenay valley. 1 have heen looking
out for a point to settle down, for 11
home, with agriculture nnd mixed
farming for 11 profitable occupation
to engage in. I have undoubtedly
obtained my object and consider that
both sides of the Kootinay river,
ranging from below Wardner, north
to Canal Flats is an ideal country
for any energetic man to obtain a
good farm at cost of n very small
capital. The climate is superb, small
fruits are indigenous, Indeed, even at
the present time there nr.' sever;.I en
gaged, and mnking n living from this
source. A railway is heing Constructed through the valley which will he
completed at an early date, uud when
completed, hay, grain, vegetables nnd
fruit can he put. nu tlie market 11.nu
one's door. Tin- lumbering and mm
ing Industries nre assured, thousands
ol acros have heen seemed, und mnny
mines in active operation.
I have in> use for n bleak uncorlaln
1'init u- district, ami if this letter can
divert any intending settler f  thnl
I   shall   feel     that     I   have   ,htlie   good
service to him.
Yours truly,
rtccenl Letter, WASA  HOTEL
N.   HANSON.   Proprietor
The  Largest and   Most Modern  Hotel for Tourists in East Kootenay
Splendid Scenery
Good Drives
Good Hunting and Fishing
N.   HANSON
Wholesale and Retail
GENERAL   MERCHANT
Prospectors   Campers    and    Tourists'    Supplies
GUIDES, HORSES, ETC., FURNISHED ON APPLICATION
N. HANSON
WASA, B. C.
Description  of  Wasa
Twenty-foui miles from Cranbrook,
antl twelve miles from Poit Steele,
is   Wasa.    one   ol  the  ' latent,  mos!
p to date and ... iuern settlements In
tho val!  .
As an illustration .,f what may be
accomplished by nui us try and enterprise ma. he mentioned that about
twenty-four years ago,  Mr.  N.   Han
.-inn   settled     in     Whttt     WOS   then      the
wilderness,   and   today   owns ahout.
1600 acies of  land,   where  hundreds of
cattle graze and splendid cropa are
raised. Ho Ib tho propriotoi of the
mosl modern hotel In the country,
ims ii general iitoro, which supplies
th.' ranchers and mlncrfl with theii
wants,  Ins own electric powct   plant,
saw mill, cold storage and garage.
Wasa is now a townsite on the
Koote nay-Central railway and the
prospective centre of a large mining
ami agricultural district, it has a
pnst office and public school.
Wiih the unlimited land, timber
and mineral resources it only awaits
the completion of the railway to get
those resources developed, and with
settlers constantly coming to Wasa,
it, will some day in the near future,
he a place of importance in the Kast
Kootenay   valley.
K ni it and vegetables of various
kinds arc successfully raised. Hither
lo fruit growing has been lu an ex
pcnmeiital HtUgO only, but  Ihe Koote
nay Fruit Land and Development Co.
not long ago acquired about 1,200
acres for fruit growing purposes, and
will with modern irrigation and cultivation have one of thc finest orchards
iu the valley.
Among the best known mines
around Wasa may be mentioned'. Thc
Stella, eight miles distant. Tbe Canity. Canity No. t. Fisher Itlver and
Jennings, located on Wolf Greek,
about 0 miles from Wasa. A strong
ore body on the lirat named mine
shows values in gold and carries a
combination id the rarer metals. The
last mentioned group Ih a (luloenn
property showing a very extensive
lead of ore, which curries a high per
rentage of gold aud copper. Beside
these two there are numerous other
promising more or less developed
claims.
Lack of transportation has been a
drawback to the miners, but with the
building of the railway it is not only
expected but a certainty thnt claim
after claim will be worked and tons
of valuable ore shipped.
Logging and saw mills are one of
tbc important industries around
Wasa. The 0, I'. It. company maintains a permanent logging camp
about sixteen miles from there, where
millions of feet of logs and ties are
cut in thc winter and taken down the
Kootenay to the company's mills at,
Wardner. Many Individuals are cutting timber on tbeir land and selling
the logs to the saw mills, thus making a good prolit and getting tbe
land cleared.
Among the most prominent ranchers around Wasa may be mentioned:
Dr. ES. A. Opie. Oh, Stevens, A. B.
Smith, Mrs. Donahue, P, Parson, H.
H. Blrtch, H. Harr, Wm. French, T.
Maymj, T. Fleetwood, P. Jensen, It.
McNair, 0, H. Pollen, J. A. Fabert,
J. B. Crow, Et. Bechtel, A. J. Miller,
J. S, Parker, J. W. Blake and others
who some of them bave heen there
for years and others recently settled
but all prosperous and enthusiastic
over the future prosperity of Wasa.
:_U Cranbrook Sash & Door Co., Ltd.
Manufacturers of
Fir,  Larsh, and Pine
LUMBER
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Windows
Doors
Mouldings
and Finish
Dealers in
Shingles, Lath
Building Paper
Rubberoid Roofing
CRANBROOK, B. C.
a
IRRIGATION
Irrigation is tbe systematic application of water on land in order to
promote present or prospective vegetation. Water, thus used for the general purpose of growing or, increasing the crops, on which animals or
man have to subsist, is employed in
special ways and at special times according to the particular end in view
tbe Individual plant to he grown and
the very divergent conditions of soil
and climate which have to be studied
in this province. Sometimes the art
of irrigation is practiced for the
simplest of all reasons, to make up
for the irregular seasonal distribution of rain or for local deficiency of
rainfall; sometimes a particular crop
is Irrigated, because tlie plant is of
uu aquatic or semi aquatic nature;
sometimes binds are irrigated for tbe
sake of encouragement to early
growth afforded by the warmth id thc
water, or for the sake of the dissolved plant food which it furnishes; and
sometimes tbe object is that tlie laud
may he enriched and its level raised
by means of the deposit from the
water used.
In considering the vast. Importance
of water to plant growth, it must he
remembered that seeds must absorb a
very large quantity of water before
germination can liegin; that the
growth of the young plant, while
still dependent upon tbc seed, Involves the employment of a constant
supply of water In order that tbe
transference of nutrients from the
stores iu tbe seed to the newly developed parts may proceed without
Interruption; that soils which do not
contain more than fi to i) per cent, of
moisture will yield none of it to the
plant, nnd that when such low percentage of moistures are approached,
there is a constant struggle—often
fatal to tlie plant- between tbo soil
ami the plant for water; that during
the period of the plant's active
growth, tlie absorption of all mineral
matter and all nitrogen compounds
from (lie soil takes place through the
medium of au exceedingly week nqlto-
ous solution of these substances,
which solution is indeed absorbed in
such quantities tlmt a single plant of
barley needs the passage through it
during the five months in which it
occupies tbe ground of more than an
imperial gallon of wnter. It should
also Ite remembered that all vegetables produce, when in a growing
state, an immense proportion of
water, often 75 to 80 per cent, and
sometimes as much as 02 to '.16 per
cent., the latter figures representing
the percentage of water in turnips
and water cress respectively.
From all this it will be easily understood that artificial supplies of
water are needed for vegetation in
many dry places.
A particular reason for irrigation
is the determining cause of nearly all
the artificial watering of lam) iu temperate climates, lt. is not performed
because the soil is dry and hot, for
it is carried out mainly in tin wettest and coldest mouths of the year.
It is uot performed because the crop
to be raised is of an aquatic nature,
for ordinary grasses and herbage
only are watered. But it is performed that growth may he stimulated
and fed, through certain agencies
which the water brings to bear upon
the vegetables iu question,
Another reason for irrigation is
found where the solid matter suspended lu the water is valuable, nnd
valued for Its richness as mun ure,
and for thc actual increase which its
deposition of the laud makes to the
height of level of tbe country. In addition to these various kinds of irrigation with ordinary water, thero are
several systems iu which town sewage,
is employed. These involve the Introduction of many new and complex
conditions, and many not to tie considered in this Wild western country.
Water-meadow, or bench land irrigation calls for more attention in
this district. Before the systematic
conversion of a tract into a water-
meadow can safely be deter mi nod on,
ears must be taken to bave good
drainage, natural or artificial; sufficient supply of water, and water of
good quality. It might indeed have
heen thought, that thorough drainage
would be unnecessary, but. it. is to he
noted that porous subsoils or efficient drains do not act. merely by
carrying away stagnant water which
would otherwise cool the earth, In-
crust the surface, and retard plane
growth. Thus the earth and the
roots of grasses absorb the useful
matters not only from the water that
passes over it, but from that which
passes through it. These fertilizing
materials are found stored up in the
soil ready for the use of tbc roots of
the plants. Stagnation of water is
inimical to the action of the roots,
and does away with tlie advantageous process of flowing and peculating currents. The fall of tlie water
supply must suffice for a fairly rapid
current, say ten inches or une foot iu
from 100 to 20(1 yards. If possible
the watcr should ite taken r.o far
above tlie meadows as to imve sufficient fall without damming up the
river. If a dam is necessary care
must be taken so as to build it iu
such a way as to secure the field on
both sides from possible inundation;
and it should he constructed substantially, for the cost of repairing accidents to a weak dam is very serious.
Even were, the objects of irrigation
always identical, the conditions
under which it is carried ou ure so
variable as to preclude calculations
of quantity, Mere making up of
necessary water in droughty seasons
is one thing, protection against frost
is another, while the addition of soil
material is a third. Among the causes of variation iu the i|iiautity of
water needed will he its quality ami
rate of Uow, tbe climate, tho
season, thc soil, the sub soil, the
artificial drainage, the slope, tbe aspect and thc crop. In actual practice
tbe amount of water varies from HOO
gallons per acre to no less that 2k,
000 gallons. Where water is used, ns
iu dry am) hot countries, simply ns
water, less is generally needed than
in cold, damp and northerly climates,
where tho higher temperature nud
tbe action of the water as mun ure
aro of more consoquonco. Hut It is
necessary to he thoroughly assured of
a good supply of water before Inying
out a meadow, or even nu orchard.
Except in a few places where un
usual dryness of soil uud climate in
dicate the employment, of wnter, even
iu small quantities, merely to avoid
tin? conseqnonces of drought, irrlgn
tion works nre not to he commenced
upon a large area, if only a part can
be effectively watered. Tlie quantity
of tho water employed for auy purposes of irrigation, is of much Importance. Its dissolved and Its suspended matter must both lie taken
into account. Clear water, such as is
found in the mountain streams of
this district, is usually preferable
for grass lands, thick water for arable lands.
Almost every nrea of bottom land,
also a large portion of thc bench
lands of tliis district can he irrigated
from the many small streams and
rivers which How from the mountains.
I'R li IT GROWING
The fruit industry of British
Columbia, and especially Soutli Kast
Kootenay is still in its infancy, but
the results so far secured are convincing as to its future importance.
Thc Kootenay valley, ns well as the
Upper Columhln valley, as far as climate and soil is concerned is well
suited to the best grades of fruit.
This fact is proven by the orchards
nt the St. Kugene Mission, the Orchard of Mr. William Hamilton, at
Cranbrook, Messrs. Hanson, lh Bnrr
uml John I'hviu nt Wasa, and that of
It. A. Kinipton at Windermere, Their
nre muny small orchards scattered
all over the Cranhrook district, some
of which have arrived at n commercial stage, nnd this year will see
large shipments of fruits of all kinds
finding n market in the prnirie provinces.
It may be said without any disparagement, of other districts of the
province, thnt. the Kootenay valley,
with its large areas of bench and bottom land, it lends itself to a display
of orcharding in a remarkable wny.
nn the bottom binds small fruits of
nil kinds grow in abundance, and are
remarkably line in flavor.
Four   miles   from   the   town   of   Foil
Htool   n   bench,  located  on    Wild
Morse Creek, where millions of gold
were taken mil in lhe early sixties,
at    nu   elevation   of   some   3,000   feet,
nl,t,vr sen level, Mr. Daniel Clrllltth,
hns aboul n dozen or twenty trees,
which were raised from seed planted
over   forty   years  ago.    These    trees
bear annually, und the apples have n
tine llnvor. Tbis small orchard, the
oldest orchard in tlie Kootenny,
bearing fruit year after year, is
positive evidence that this section of
the province is well suited to the
cultivation of apples.
Near the city of ('rnnbrook small
orchards have beea plaated during
tbe past few years, some bearing
fruit, thc balance maturing to a
commercial stage within two or three
years. Every year we see considerable additions to these orchards, and
it won't he long before the Kootenay
vnlley will he favorably known all
over tho continent.
Several fine orchards are located in
the district of Craubrook, Fort,
Steele. Wasa, Tracey aad Willi Morse
Creek. To the south of Nik river
large tracts of fruit lands are under
cultivation, and iu the near future
South Bast Kootenay will not only
receive enough fruit to supply the
home market, hut will he a large
factor in supplying the demands of
the prairie provinces.
TRANSPORTATION
ASSURED
The principal wealth producing
minerals of Southeast Kootenny has
so far been silver lend uml coal, with
a small hut continually Increasing
annual output of gold from the placer mines.
Muny gold qitnrU prospects are now
being developed on Wild Morse and
Berry Creeks. Tlie prospecting and
developing of galonn propositions in
the Selkirks nnd the main range of
Itockies goes steadily on, nnd a nnin-
her of properties huve renched a condition that shipments can he made.
Copper in paying qttuntltios is
known to exist at Tobacco Plains und
on fhe headwaters of the St. Mary's
river, also n numher of properties in
the mnln range of the Itockies In the
Vicinity of  Steele.
de
sits
La
have  been   lo
Dibble   Creek
of  the district   will   i
the world in product
f   h atlto    iron
n   Bull  river   nml
big   iron  deposits
loiiht  surprise
when onco it
enters upou the producing stage.
All over Southeast Kootenay thoro
are mines that arc rapidly heing de
veloped. Perhaps in uo section of
the province is the outlook for mining brighter than in the Fort Steele
mining division. In the mountains,
on both sides of the Kootenay river
the prospector and mine owner aro
slowly but surely driving tunnels or
sinking shafts to cut thc numerous
veins which outcrop on the mountains.
tn South Fast Kootenay is found
two large producing mines, one the
St. Eugene, is pronounced to be tho
largest silver-lead mine on the American continent. Yet we Ilml the mining industry of tbe district handicapped by .lack of transportation, and
now the C. p. It., so it. is reported,
have found it to their Interest to investigate the mining possibilities,
nnd chances for tonnage in this and
the Windermere district. The quiet,
yet persistent development of the
mining resources,, tbe daily incrense
of oro on dumps or properties being
worked, all demand Increased railway
facilities.
To build railways it requires substantial evidence of tonnage. The
questions which always arise when enterprises looking towards tbe development of the district are inaugurated have all been met and answered.
The [fls tel la mine, situate on Tracy
Creek lias a huge amount of oro
blocked out, The Tigei-lNiorimin bus
ore enough on the dump to become a
shipper. The Watson, another Wild
Morse property has a large amount
of shipping ore in sight. To the
north in the Windermere district a
largo daily tonnage is in sight,
awaiting the completion of the Koo
fenny Central  railway,
Smelters in the Kootenuy valleys
me assured as soon as the promoters
receive thc necessary information re
gardiiig railway const ruction.
While there have been many doubt
ers, and knockers in the district,
thoro are still large numbers of mine
owners and business men who have
bad n  Iii ni faith in  the future   who
have foresight en *h tn put  their af
inns ini.. condition to anticipate tho
coming of the Iron Horse into tbo
Kootenay Valley. =31
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Photographer
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OUR SCHOOLS
GROWTH
Kvery town has its story, either
picturesque or commonplace. There in
nothing in its development that is
not signlticent. Its markets ami its
banking houses, its streets anil its
factories. These are all sure indications of material prosperity. There
is another sign, however, no less potent—the public school. This is an
institution whose yearly output cannot be measured in dollars, and
whose dividends are not paid in gold,
but in a coinage of liner substance, of
more intrinsic value,
The popular idea is that the history of the public school in uninteresting ami prosaic enough. Not so
with that of Cranbrook. It bas a
little story all its own.
There was a time when Cranbrook
was nearly all a dream antl the busiest noises of the town were the singing of birds and the sighing of the
wind through the trees there was the
beginning of a very little school. A
tiny shack on Armstrong avenue near
Patmore Bros.' hardware store was
the first room to shelter the budding
mind in its larger quest for knowledge. But, the expansion of tbe
minds, and incidentally, the increasing number of pupils soon made the
room too small, and larger quarters
were sought near the present site of
McDermott's liquor store, here "Mary
had a little Lamb," and "The Boy
stood on the Burning Deck" had fuller scope.
This was only adequate, however,
until 1899 when a little red school
house—thc story book kind—was mi lit
down on tbe prairie. Then, near the
spot where tbe present brick structure now stands, the little school began to grow iu earnest, keeping plaee
year by year witb the insistent and
recurring demands of tbe town. Another building was soon necessary,
and with unfailing regularity as the
green sighing trees were pushed back
to give place to the frame dwellings
of men, room by room was added to
tbe little new school bouse. Until at
last there were tive rooms with live
real live teachers aud one hundred
and tlfty children to romp and shout
about its playground or diligently
work in the forms. Even thc court
house across the street was called Into use for the ever expanding primary department. And in January,
1909, the government house opened its
floors as a refuge to a young high
school, which has done good work.
Things were now going merrily in
the Cranhrook public school, when
one morning in May, 1909 the sun
rose to shine on the blackened and
charred ruins of its former grandeur.
Consternation reigned in the hearts
of trustees and teachers Hnd joy in
the hearts of the pupils. But, alas
for the latter, new qunrters were
secured without delay and work resumed in all the higher grades, albeit under difficulties tbat made tbe
task Herculean.
('lasses were held in tlie rink, the
Presbyterian Sunday school room,
and even in private houses. This was
a hard blow to the school is the way
of dignity and active progress. The
chill and dampness of the rink, the
benches without desks, tbe dark and
uncanny play ground, were not calculated to raise either the spirit or
the enthusiasm of tbe pupils.
The loss of its building nnd tbe
months of working under conditions
tbat made progress a constant
struggle nave the school a shock,
from which it was difficult to recover
quickly. But better dnys were coming.
The new building was ready for occupancy in January 1910, ami it was
witb great joy tbut tbe staff of seven
teachers, including thc high school,
moved in ami took possession. Tbis
handsome structure of brick and
stone is undoubtedly one of the finest
in the province, Its large spacious
balls lend an air of dignity that is
felt even by the tiniest tot in the
primary.
Its well-lighted class rooms are
cheerful and inspiring. The Influence
of environment on the young has
long heen an established fact. The
grand, yet simple dignity of the
building has left a deep impression
on the pupils that is of inestimable
value. He feels instinctively [n such
nn atmosphere that the best is expected of him and that he must do
his best. He sees that Cranbrook
citizens would have nothing but thc
best in which to house him and that
he must return in kind.
Then, with a building that is thoroughly modern in every way, nothing
but the most modern and improved
methods can tie tolerated. The principal and teachers of the school have
been working vigorously for some
time past to raise the standard of tbe
gradeB, which was far below the
level, and bring it up with the rigorous provincial standard. This wus
found to be imperative. They feel
now, however, that the tnsk has Item
accomplished and that at the present
time the courses of study are being
pursued witb more enthusiasm and
success than ever before.
The former backward status of the
grades made the ranking of tbe higher classes very difficult. This was a
serious problem for some time. It is
partially tbe cause of tbe small number in these classes in the pieseut
time. Theu so many who pass thc
entrance or have taken a year in the
high school have reached the age
when they want to be earning money
for themselves. Higher education has
not the same lure for them as gold.
The floating population of the town,
as well, helps to lessen the number
of the higher grades. At least twelve
tbis year have gone away who would
have passed the entrance. Tbe proB-
pects, however, are bright for a large
numher, both in the high school and
the entrance class for next year.
The frequent change of teachers in
thc past also has been a great drawback to progress. Several of these
bave remained only one yeai'. It is
expected that nearly all of the present staff wil, return in the fall to
resume their duties. At that time a
specimen of work done tbis year by
the pupils of the several divisions
will be on exhibition at tb* fall fair.
F. T. Dick   L. J. Cranston   M. Patton   Miss Alward
L. Hamilton   B. Alward   V. Henley   M. Currie
A. M. Easton
Then, Cranbrook public school
ranks well with tbe other city
schools of the province in the matter
of tire drills. This has been well organized by the principal, so that at
the sound of the electric gong, the
four hundred human beings from all
parts of the building march out in
quick but orderly manner, without
tlie slightest suggestion of panic.
Tbe building is cleared in less than
one minute.
There is another blessing, as well,
which it enjoys in common with the
larger centres—namely, a rigid inspection by. thc civic health officer.
Kvery pupil, during the months of
March and April underwent a detailed examination, a strict record of
which is kept. This is of great
value to parents, as in some cases
difficulties were pointed out to unsuspecting parents, and serious
trouble averted. It is tbe Iir.t time
that it has been done in the history
of tbe city.
Now, everybody in Oranbrook who
stopped to think, knew that there
was a public school iu town, but unless be bad pupils in his own home
attending it, he never gave it a second thought. So, last November, at
a teacher's meeting it was definitely
decided to let everybody know that
there was a school here, and that it
was a real live one. Plans were projected for a Christmas Cantata in
the opera house. That It was a complete success is shown by the fact
that the handsome piano in the
music room was purchased by the receipts alone.
The teachers already are looking
lot-ward to raising funds again in the
same manner to purchase a school
library and to furni-h tbe ottlce in a
style befitting to its dignity.
Tbis leads us naturally to speak of
plans for the future. Two new dlvl-
elons have beeu opened since March
1910, and if Cranbrook continues to
grow as it bas been, tbe tenth and
last room in the building will be
needed next year. Possibly a third
storey will be called for, too, a little
further on.
The immediate future, however, is
concerned in the beautifying   of   tke
grounds.   It has beeu a great source
of interest to the pupils.
"To watch the happy life of the
green things growing." For every
room has its window boxes with
thriving sweet peas, nasturtiums,
pansies and potted plants. The care
of these is fascinating to the boys
nnd girls. This fact has convinced
the teachers that a real garden out-
of-doors would be helpful to the children. Its benefits would be two-fold.
It. would develop a practical knowledge of horticulture and cultivate a
love for the beautiful. It is hoped
that next spring will see every division with its own little plot well
cared for, spurred by the spirit of
wholesome rivalry.
At present also, there is no provision for games in which a proper
supervision by the teachers is possible. It is hoped that in time a
tennis court for the girls and a field
for the boys, in which basket-ball,
foot-ball and base-ball may tie played
under proper conditions, will be
forthcoming. Organized teams with
scientific play would lie of great value to the boys. It would help to
cultivate quickness of thought and
action, honorable dealing and a
sportman's attitude toward deftat.
.Moreover, it would foster that interest in school life which is wont to
die in the average boy after a certain
age. The teachers regret that the
conditions have been such that they
could not do this. It is their purpose, however, to introduce such
games as soon as possible. It is only
a dream as yet. But acts come from
the stuff that dreams are made   of.
ThiB is the end of the story of
Cranbrook public school as it can be
written. There are other stories, one
in every life connected with it -never
to be told—that shows Its value better far than words. This can only be
suggested, not expressed. We have
seen it grow from a tiny shark in the
woods to its present tine dimensions,
from an enrolment of (our to four
hundred. It is an indication of the
active loyalty of tbe citizens to the
best and highest. It is worthy of tbe
best.
-MIMH CUBKIK
THE   MASONIC
TEMPLE
This tine structure was erected iu
Cranbrook last year, ami in July, at
the annual convention of tbe Oram!
Lodge of British Columbia dedicated
to Masonry.
The building is two stories in
height, am) has a ground area of
40x100 feet. Mr. (1. F. Pownetl. of
Victoria. B- C, a very prominent
Mason was the architect. The building cost iu the neighborhood of $11-,-
000. The lodge room is on the upper
lloor, also three committee rooms.
On the main floor is a banquet rt om,
two committee rooms and a kitch'-u.
The building is occupied by Craubrook Lodge No. 34, A. F. & A, M.(
Rocky Mountain Chapter, No. 25, K.
A. M. and Selkirk Preceptory.
It may he interesting to the craft
to know that in the early days of
Masonry, that all Masonic buildings
were called Mason's halls. It was in
1832 that the flrst independent
Masonic hall was erected in the city
of Boston, which received the mime
of the "Masonic Temple," a title
which has since been very usually
conferred on the Masonic halls iu the
larger cities on this continent.
Visitors to Cranbrook, and members of the Order, are loud In tbeir
praise, and say that this is the most
perfect Lodge room devoted to Masonry between Vancouver and Winnipeg-
It is learned tbut during tbe past
mouth there were several real estate
deals eonsumated, also many enquiries from outside parties who are
desirous to tie on the ground, iu view
of the railroad developments tbat are
going on tbis summer.
IT LOOKS GOOD
The year 1911 promises to he the
banner year for the Oranbrook district. From reliable sources we learn
ot extensive railway operations to l.e
commenced in tbe Kootenay valley,
aud we hope that tbe construction of
the Kootenay Central railway will be
pushed as rapidly as possible.
Kxtensive lumbering, mining and
agricultural developments are beiug
carried on all over tbe district, and
preparations are beiug made all
through the Kootenay valley for the
early shipment of lumber and ore.
Prosperity is plainly evident, and
everywhere there is a rustle being
made to have a share of it, and
everybody in tbe city of Cran' rook
aud district should feel thank ful for
the excellent opportunities for rustling iu 1911.
So far in the history of Oranbrook
district, Cranlirook eity has teen the
attraction, thc centre of population,
the lumbering and mineral centre and
the business centre of Soutb blast
Kooteuay.
Thus, theu, the people of ('rani rook
and others all over the district may
go forward into the year 1911 with
full confidence in the advancement of
trade, am) the fullest development of
the lumbering, mining ami agrlcultur
al resources, which have become so
marked  in  the Cranlirook  district.
The inhabitants of the Kootonay
valley are looking forward to a large
Influx of capital as soon as the K.
C. railway is completed.
CRANUROOK   AS   A
RAILWAY CENTRE
It is a divisional point ou the
Crow's Nest Pass branch of tbe Canadian Pacific railway. This line runs
through to the Paciiic coast, via Nelson and the Lakes, which, as a summer trip is unsurpassed for beauty,
lt has also direct communication
with the main line service of the 0.
P. It.. It is in direct touch with
Spokane via the Soo-Spokaue railway, being only seven hours distant
anil through trains are now running
to Portland, Tacoma Seattle and
other western cities.
Double daily connections with the
east and western train service are
made hy one through train aud one
local, each way daily.
It Is the divisional point and terminal of the North Star branch of
the C. P: It., which rims north into
the rich mining, lumbering and agricultural country of the St. Mary's
valley, passing the towns of Wycliffe,
Marysville ami  Kimberly.
It will soon bave direct railway
connections through the Kootenay
aim Upper Columbia valleys, hy the
Kootenay Central railway, now under construction from the ('row's
Nest line to the main line of the 0.
P. R. at Golden.
THK   CLIMATE
The climate of Kast Kootenay is
ideal, and is recognized by all
that come here, cither to stay, or in
going through, to be unsurpassed iu
Canada.
Spring opens up about the middle
of March, witb beautiful sunny weather, the cold leaves the open land
about tbis time, and hangs a tittle
longer under tbe timber. Ploughing
can be commenced between March lfi
and April I. Spring rains are fre-
i|iient.
Summer is hot, but there is always a light breeze from the mountains, ami the heat is not oppressive.
Tbe rainfall is light, about ir> to 20
in. on the average, all the year, including snow fall. June Is our wet
month, July, August, September and
October tbe most beautiful weather
of the year.
Winter commences about the llrst
week in Ueciuber, Ibe tlrst snow (nil
about (lie middle of the month, the
weather being line and not cold.
There is generally a cold snap about
Christmas, making very Hensouahle
weather, and another in February,
lasting, iu each ease not more than
a week, but though cold, the air is
dry and no wind. There is good
sleighing all winter and very favor,
aide for lumbering. Masonic   Temple
Craubrook is especially fnvorod iu
its location, situated at lbe foot ot
the Selkirk mountains, iu u splendid
willcy of. large area,
Cranbrook Is ihe sent ol tho Pro
vlnolal governmenl for tho Oran
brook district, Is tin- local hoad*
ijtlarters for the County court, with
It resident (lidgo, Tbe Supremo Court
also holds Its sittings In Craubrook.
ci.uiI.iumI. ih ii porl ol entry (or
Cn mid lun Customs.
Crnnbrook   has  I luce  newspapers.
Oraubrook Ims oxcollenl water, n
wuter works tbu! is owned ami Coll
trolled by  the  Municipal  Council,
Crunbrook   in, u  |M..|,  HChool,    nud
public   schools   thai    nro   soi I to
none in the province.
Crunbrook bus an oxcellently
equipped hospital, with a large stall
of trained nurses. Also a private
nursing instil utloti
Cranlirook Ims a modot'll and up to
date electric light mul tolepbouo sys
tem, witb long distance connections,
witb Oalgary antl othei cities in Al
herta, and Spokane and clttos In the
State of Washington,
Cranlirook,   noxt   tu   \ am ver uud
Victoria stand:, second to none In
British Coluinhin with its well and
modern equipped nn- brigade.
Panoramic View of the City of Cranbrook
OUR    RESOURCES
To say that Cranbrook diatrict is
mineralized ail ovei ts merely repeat
■ .- ;i well worn platitude, for wo
bear almost weekly ol reports of
fresh discoveries, and the development
uf prospects into mine
in no part <<f Canada is there .-<•
large ji trade ;■<■; capita as in that
poition >>f 11..' ;.iovince known as
South Knst Kootenay, nm\ Oranbrook
is rhe principal i ,t;. in tins vast area
which includes a territory of over
7 'nm gquaie ■-.
Tii*- Canadian Paciflc is thc prlncl
pal railway in this portion "f the
province, with two branches, one tu
tbe south, ttie othei to the north, tu
Uie mines ami lumbei mills of th'- St..
Mary's vallej The Canadian Paclllc
is also building .. branch line from u
point mi the Crow's Nest Hue neai
(Jalloway to Oolden on tin- main line,
Whon   tin::   im"   ... completed II wlll
Provincial Government Building
open ij11 a mineral district of large
proportions, a vast, agricultural
grassing country, witb large areas ot
forests, awaiting tbe coming of the
Iron horse to bring in supplies and
machinery for mills that will ho erected here ami then through the
Kootonay and Upper Columbia valleys.
The valley of the Kooteuay is
drained by tbe Kootenay river aud
its tributaries, which flow from the
main range of the rocky mountains on
the east, and the Selkirk range on
tbe west, between these ranges of
mountains flows tlie Kootenay for a
distance of over Ilii) miles, and is
navigable for its entire length, lu the
early days of the district lK%-ti-7 and
eight, four steamers plied ou tbis
river ami made one of the finest river
trips iu western Canada,
This portion of Mast Kootenay is
rapidly being opened up, and with the
advent id the Kooteuay Central rail
wny, winch   is  now   under construe
hun  will  become u I   lhe foremost
districts in British Columbia for ae,
riculturc ami fruit growing. It bas
large areas of bench land instead .if
deep valleys as is usually found at
the foot of mountain ranges. Tins
land is singularly free from rock and
is  e posed   of   rich   nud   fertile   soil,
with, in many eases n large growth
of tine timber. Water for Irrigation
is plentiful, and when needed, cau lie
brought, on tho land from the muny
streams and rivers thai How from the
mountains.
The valley of the Kootenay is remarkably free from extremes of heat
and cold. Summer heat is moderate,
and winter mild. The snowfall is
light, and cattle uud horses range
tlie year round.
0uod qualities of apples, cherries,
and smaller fruits cnn be, and are
being, produced in abundance, also
potatoes,   tomatoes and garden  stuff.
Silver lend, coal mining aud lum-
berini'   ure   large  nml   growing  Indus Craubrouk   is   the  centre  of  a    tint.
hunting ami lishing couutry.
Cranbrook 1ms two good bands.
Craubrouk    hns    two    good    opera
C rail brook bus a woll equlppod
foundry and machine shop.
Cranbrook   Ims   two  sash   nml  door
factories.
rrunbronk lias u beautiful V. M.
C,   \    bUlldlUK,
Cranbrook is the distributing point
for every mining and lumbering camp
in ilu* district, also for many of tlte
thriving towns off the railway.
Oranbrook has a regularly organised Agricultural Association, which
holds an annual fair.
Cranbruuk is the centre of a rich
mineral district, Tbc largest silver
lead mines on tlie American eoiitiu
■ ui me located In tbe Oranbrook
district, lion, cupper and gold are
mined   in   this  district.
Oranbrook is the centre or a rich
agricultural country growing the
very tinest vegetables, grains, nnd
such fruits as strawberries, currants,
apples, plums, pears, cherries and
other fruits.
Craubrook is surrounded by bountiful drives, ami elegant scenery.
Crnnbrook ims a progressive Hoard
of Trade
Crunbrook  Is  lhe sportsman's mer
Craubrouk bus n population of
5,000 people, and is recognized us
being the best and most progressive
city in the Interior of Hritish Col
umbia.
Cranlirook will install a sewerage
system tliis year, costing iu the vicinity of $100,000.
Cranlirook has eight llrst-i-lass nud
modern hotels,
School   Building
i    - *.>.
■^■*-rfht^-H
^W"^J.
The Metropolis of South-east Kootenay
I lies iii Ibis district, The largest
silver-lead producing mines on the
American continent are located in
this district, Tbe largest areas of
coal are also found iu Kast Kooteuay, and the lumbering Industry takes
no second ruuk in the resources of
this district.
Kast Kootenay justifies the title of
a mineral district, Inasmuch that tit)
per cene. of the lead produced in this
province came from the mines of Kast
Kootenay. Silver, copper and gold
are found, and are being mined on a
commercial basis. Iron is found tn
abundance, also zinc, with mica, asbestos, gypsum and other metals,
which are undeveloped, but which will
lie drawn upon, as soon as tlie Kootenay Central railway Is completed.
Coal and coke are expanding industries, for railway extensions, Increasing populations and manufacturing
industries demand even an Increased
production of coal.
Practically   ""   the   mining   which
has been done to date is con lined
within a comparatively few miles
from the railways, and but a small
area, though prospected, and in many
cases developed into mines, yet for
lack of transportation have not become shipping mines.
The Crow's NbhI, coal tlelds comprises an area of higli ami splendid
cooking quality of coal. Tbis coal is
used not only Iiy Canadian consumers hut hy American railways, since
it excels in quality tbe coal in tbe
western States to the south. The
coke produced at these mines is used
at the smelters and reffner.es at
west Kootenay and in tbc smelters
and other works of Montana and
Idaho.
The lumbering industry of Kast
Kootenay is <>f equal Importance with
mining. The vast forests of large
trees is being cut Iiy some twenty
saw mills, each cutting from 25,000 to
200,000 feet daily. It will be many
years before tlu- supply Is exhausted.
St. Eugene Hospital
The mills of Kusl Kooteuay have become the chief source of supply for
the Immense demand that has opened  throughout  the prnirle provinces.
Cranbrook, witb a population of
about 6,000 is tbe chief divisional
point on tbe Crow's Nest branch of
the Canadian Pacific railway. It is
the centre of a line lumbering and
mining country, and is tbe distributing point for almost every mining
'ami lumbering camp iu the district,
as well as many of tbe smaller towns.
The clearing of tho surrounding tim
ber is opening up a tine agricultural
country. The city is equipped with
line stores, three up-to-date nowspap
ers, three hanks, churches, schools,
hospitals, a line electric light and
telephone system, a _t hour power
service, and a flllC gravity water
supply, ample (or a city of 25,000,
witb   a   pressure   of   100 lbs.   per   Inch,
A number ol initios are connected
with  the city  b\  a branch  railway. MAURICE   QUAIN,  General Manager
I).   L,   DAVIS,  General Superintendant
Electrical Contractors
IF ITS ELECTRIC, WE HAVE IT
Norburv  Avenue
Phono 12n
Norbury Avenue
P. 0. Box 608
Cosmopolitan Hotel
E. H. SMALL, Proprietor
<f Located in the Business Centre of the City
<I Whenever you are in
Cranbrook you can get
a cosy and Homelike
room at the "Cos."
c Phe cusine is the best
that the market affords
The   Cosmopolitan   Hotel
Cranbrook, B. C.
The Palm
McKay & Jackson
PROPRIETORS
The most Up-to-date Confectionery and
Ice Cream  Parlors in the
Kootenay
NKXT   DOOR   TO   AUDITORIUM
.,-(>.      i . .       * Official Order of Coronation  Ceremony and   Service
Tlio following is itin official lorni
and order of tho service to lie pel'"
formed, nml, of tlio ceremonies tn tin
obsorvotl, in tho coronation of tholr
Majesties King Gem-go V, and Quean
Mary in tho Annoy Ohuroh nf St.
Potor, Westminster, on Thursday,
Juno 22.-■
'OIK
IOKM AND ORDER
in
THEIR MAJESTIES'
CORONATION
V. Archbishop.       Will    you    to    youi
THK   13EGINNING   OF   THH COM-  *mw81' °»u8a Luw *•'"■ Justice in Mer
MUNION SHRVIOH
Tbo lutrolt.
Let uiy prayer oomo ui> into   Thy
presence uh   tho Incenso: mul let the
lifting up oi my IwmIb he uh tim evening BAorlftco.
oy to be exeeuted in all your judu
ments?
King,    i will.
Arohblahop. will you to the utmost
of your power uuiintiiin the lnwn of
(■oil,   the  true protOBStOII  of the QoB-
pel, and tlio Protestant reformed re-
riien thfl Archbishop Bhall begin the iigioiv established by Law? And will
you maintain and preserve inviolably
the Bottlemoitt of tin1 Ohuroh otfBnif
landi and the doctrine, worship, discipline and govornment thereof, an
by luw established in England, mul
to the OhuroheB thero committed   to
Communion Borvloo Haying
The Lord hi' with yon.
A it b wor •
And with thy spirit.
i<ct UK pray.
TtlK PREPARATION.
In the morning upon the day   of the
OBORQK, our King, tlui Spirit »f
wisdom mul government, that being
devoted to Theo witb ail bis heart,
Coronation early, cure is to he tak- he nmy B0 wlHoly govern thi8 klU(,_
un that the Ampulla bo filled witb dom tlmt in ni8 tim0 Thy c*,urc*, nmii
oil ami, together witb the Spoon, people nmy oontlmu) ln Hftfety and
be laid ready upon tlie altar in the l)rnBperlty; and that pcrBcverinK in
Abbey Church, j_n0(j   worit8   unto   the end,   he may
The Archbishops ami Bishops Assist- through Thy mercy come to Thine
ant being already vested in their everlasting Kingdom; through Jesus
Copes, tbe procession shall bo form- Christ our Lord, who liveth and
ed immediately outside of the west relgneth with Thee nnd the Holy
dnor of the church, and shall wait Ghost, ever one Uod, world without
till notice is given of tho approach on(i   Amen.
tt QOD, who providest for thy people their charge, all sucb rinhts ami
by thy power, ami rulest over tbem privileges, as by law do or shall ap-
in love: Grant unto this thy servant pertain to them, or any of them'.'
King.     All this 1 promise to do.
Then   the   King arising out of   his
chair,    supported as before,   ami
assisted by tbe Lord Great Obam-
Thls prayer being ended  the  choir
sball sin-:,
I Kings, i   ;i!t,  lu.
In tin- meantime. Ihc King rising
from bis devotions, having been
disrobed of bis crimson robe hy
the Lord Great Chamberlain, and
having taken oil his cap of state,
sball ko before the Altar, supported and attended as before,
The King sball sit down in King
Edward's chair (placed in tbc
midst of the urea over uyainst
tlie  Altar, with a faldstool before
iti wherein iu* is to be annotated.
Pour Knights of the Garter shall
bold over him a rich pall of silk
or cloth or gold. The Dean of
Westminster, taking the Ampulla
und Spoon from ol! thc Altar,
shall hold them ready, pouring
some of the holy oil into the
spoon, and with it the Archbishop
ihc pail   to   tb.- Lord   Chamber   RECEIVE   tins   Imperial   Kobe  and
lain; whoreui  the King, again Orb! and  th.-  Lord  your Qod endue
rising, tbe Dean of Westminster you with knowledge and wisdom,
shall put upon bis Majesty tbe with majesty uml with power from
Columhium Btndontfl uud thc Sup m. high; tin* Lord embrace you
ertltnlca  or close  pall  of eloth  of   with  His    mere)    on   every side;  the
cold, together with n girdle of Lord clothe you with the roba of
the same. righteousness, ami with the garments
nf salvation,   And when you gee tins
Orb thus set ii|hiii tin- Cron, remem
thk PRESENTING OP THE SPURS bor tlmt tha   whole   world .s subject
AND   SWUIUI,   AND    THA  CURD   to  thr   Powor  ami   Ku.p.ie  of   fhrist
IX.
of tiieir   majesties, ami    shall then
begin to move into the Church.
IL
THK ENTRANCE INTO THE
CHURCH.
The King nnd Queen, as soon as they
enter at tho west doof of the
Church are to lie received with the
following anthem to be sunn hy thc
choir of Westminster:
Psalm exxii i-U, 0, 7,
Tlie King and Queen shall iu the
meantime puss up the body of tlie
Church, into and through tbe choir,
and so up the stairs to the theatre,;
ami having passed by their thrones
they shall make tiieir bumble adoration, and theu kneeling at the faldstools set for them before their
Chairs of Estate on the south side
of the Altar, use some short private prayers; and after, sit down in
their chairs.
III.
THE   RECOGNITION.
The Kins and Queen beint; so placed,
the   archbishop shall turn   to   the
east part of the Theatre, and after,
together with the Lord Chancellor,
Tbe Epistle.
To he read by one of the Bishops,
l s. peter ii 13.
The Gospel.
To be read hy another Bishop,   the
King and   Queen   with   the people
standing,
S, Matthew xxli 15.
Then shall be sung the Creed following,, thc Hint* mid Queen witb the
people standing as before.
VI.
THE  SERMON.
At the end of tlie Creed one of the
Bishops shall he ready in the pulpit
placed against the pillar at the
northeast corner of the Theatre, and
begin the sermon, which is to be
short, and suitable to the great occasion.
And whereas tbe King was uncovered
during tbe singing of the Litany,
and the beginning of the Communion service; when the sermon begins he   shall   put   on   his cap   of
crimson velvet turned up with   er-   OUR    KING,   QUEEN    AND    PRINCESS    MARY
mine, and so continue to the end of
it.
INC AND OBLIGATION OK THK .
SAID SWORD,
The spurs shall bo bronchi from the
Altar by the Hcun of Westminster
and delivered to tho Lord Great
Chamberlain; who. kneeling down
shall    touch    his    Majesty's  heels
tllCl'OWith, and semi ll  hack to
the Altar. Tben the Lord who
carries the Sword of State delivering to tho Lord Chamberlain
the said Sword (which is thereupon deposited 'iff the traverse in
Saint Edward's Chapel) shall receive from tbe Lord Chamberlain
in lieu thereof, another sword In
a Bcabbard of purple velvet, provided for the King, to be girt
withal, which he shall deliver to
the Archbishop; and the Archbishop shall lay it on the Altar, say-
lag the following prayer;
HEAR our prayers, 0 Lord,  we   be-
ur Rodoomor.
Then shall the Klllg deliver his Orb
tu Hie Dean of Westminster,  to  he
by turn laid on tbc Altar.
XI.
THE   INVESTITURE   PER   ANNU
LUM   BT  IIACI'LI M.
Then tbo keeper of tlie  Jewel house
sball  deliver    to   the  Archbishop
the King's ring, In which a   table
jewel  is em-based:  the Archbishop
shall put it on the fourth Anger
of his Majesty's right hand,   and
say:
RECEIVE this ring, the enBlgn of
kingly dignity, and of defence of the
Catholic faith; ami as you are this
day solemnly invested in tlie government of this earthly kingdom, so may1
you be sealed with tbat spirit of
promise, which is the earnest of an
heavenly inheritance, ami reign witli
seech thee, ami so direct and support Him who is the blessed and only l'o-
thy servant, King GEORGE, who is tentate, to whom he glory for ever
now to be girt with this sword, that and ever.   Amen,
he may not bear it lu vain; but may
use it as the minister of Cod for the
terror nnd punishment of evildoers,
ami for the protection and encouragement of those that do well, through
■Tesus Christ our Lord.   Amen.
Then shall the Archbishop take the
Sword from off the Altar and deliver it into tbe Kind's right
hand, the Archbishop or York and
the Bishops (l[ London and Winchester and other Bishops assisting and going along with him,
nnd, the Kine; holding it,' the
Archbishop shall say:
RECEIVE this Kingly Sword, RBCBIVM ■*« Rod of Equity and
brought from the Altar of Cod. and Morcy: aml Qo<1' fn,m whom a11 ""•V
delivered to you by the hands of us ,,eslreB'
the Bishops  and    servants    of  God,
Then shall tbe Dean of Westminster
bring the Sceptre with the Cross
and the sceptre with the Dove to
tlie Archbishop.
The Glove presented hy the Lord of
the Manor nf Worksop, being put
on, the Archbishop shnll deliver
the Sceptre with the Cross into
thc King's right band saying:
DECEIVE tlie Royal Sceptre. tlie
ensign of kindly power and justice.
Aud then shall he deliver thc
Sceptre witb the Dove into the
Kind's left hand and say:
Lord Great Chamberlain, Lord High On his right   hand   shall   stand   the
shall anoint the King in the form
of a cross.
Constable and Earl Marshall (Garter King of Arms preceding them)
shall go to the other three sides of
the Theatre in this order, South
West, and North and at every   of
Bishop of Durham, and beyond him,
on the same side, the Lords that
carry the swords; on his left hand
the Bishop of Bath and Wells, and
the Lord Great Chamberlain.
the   four sides   shall   with a loud T*ie   two   Bishops that support   the
voice speak to the people; and the
King, in the meanwhile, standing
uii hy his chair, shall turn and shew
himself unto the people at every
four sides of the Theatre as the
Archbishop is at every of them, the
Archbishop saying:
SIRS, I here present unto you King
OEORGE, the undoubted Kingpf this
Realm; Wherefore, all you who arc
come this day to do your homage
and services. Are you willing to do
tlie same?
The people signify their willingness
and joy by loud and repeated acclamations, all with one voice crying out:
GOD SAVE KING QEORGE.
Theu the trumpets shall sound.
The Bible, Dated and Chalice shall he
brought by the Bishops who had
borne them, and placed upon the
Altar
The Lords who carry ln procession
the Regalia, except those who carry
the swords, shall come near to the
Altar, and present in order every
one what he carries to the Archbishop, who shall deliver them to
tlie Dean of Westminster, to be by
him placed upon the Altar.
Queen shall stand of either side of
her.
On tbe north side of the Altar shall
sit the Archbishop in n purple velvet chair;   and   the other   Bishops
berlain, the sword of State heing
carried before him, shall go to the
Altar, and there heing uncovered,
make his solemn oath in the sight
of all the people, to observe the
premises; (the Bible to he
brought) laying his hand upon
the great Bible (which was before
carried in the procession and is 2- On the breast, saying,
now brought from tbe Altar by Be thy breast annointed with holy
the Archbishop and tendered     to  oil.
him as he kneels upon the steps)     3,  0„ tho ,„,,,„„ „, ,)oth t|)() |mm,8|
saying those words: saying,
The things which I have here before
1.   On the crown ol tlie head saying.
Be thy head annointed witli ludy
oil,' ns kings, priests, nnd prophets
were annointed.
all good counsels nnd all
good worka do proceed, direct antl
assist you in tlte administration and
exercise of all those powers which lie
hath given you. lie so merciful that
you lie not too remiss; so execute
justice thnt you forget not mercy.
Punish the wicked, protect nnd cherish the just, nml lend your people in
WITH this Sword   do   justice,   stop thc wny wherein they should go.
thc growth  ol iniquity,  protect   the
though unworthy.
The King standing up, the Sword
shnll he girt ahout Iiiin Iiy the
Lord Great Chutuhorluin; ami
then the King sitting down the
Archbishop shnll sny:
holy Church of Ood, help and defend
widows nnd orphans, restore the
things that are gone to decay, maintain the things that are restored,
punish nnd reform what is amiss, and THE PUTTtNCl ON OF THU GROWN
The Lord of the Manor of Worksop
may support his Majesty's right
arm.
XII.
along thc north side of the wnll, be- promised, I will perform nnd keep.
So help mc God.
Then the King shall kiss the Book
(ami   a silver   standish) and sign
thc Oath.
twixt him and the pulpit. On the
south side, enst ol thc King's chair
near to the Altar, shall be tbe Bean
of Westminster, the rest of the
Bishops wlio bear nny part in the
service, nml the Prebendaries of
Westminster.
Be thy hands annointed with holy
oil:
confirm what is in good order; that
doing these things you mny be glorious in ail virtues, ami so faithfully
serve our Lord Jesus Christ in this
life, thnt you mny reign forever with
him in tlie life that is to come.
vir.
THE OATH.
His Majesty, having already on Monday, the (ith day of February, Pill,
iu the presence of the two Houses
of Parliament, made and signed the
Declaration prescribed, thc Archbishop shall, after the sermon is
before him, administer thc Corona-
Anil ns Solomon wns nnnointed
king hy Zadok the priest and Nathan
thc prophet, so be you nnnointed,
blessed, nnd consecrated King over
tliis people, whom the Lord your
God hath given you to rule nnd
govern, In tho name of the Father,
The   King   having thus   taken   his "",l "'   ""'    H""' ""ll    "' thu  H"1?
Oath    shall    ■••'•" ■•■■■'■• *■■ '■'■■ a,lt>st.   Amen.
chair;   and
VIII.
THE  ANNOINTING.
The Archbishop, standing before
the Altar, sliull take the Crown
into bis hands, and laying it
again before bim on the Altar he
Khali sny:
0 GOD, tiie crown of the faithful,
Then thc King, rising up, shnll un- '"ess, we beseech thee, and sanctify
gird his Sword and going to thc this thy servant GEORGE our King
Altar, offer it there in tlie scab- (here the King must he put in mind
bard, and then return and sit l» bow his head | and as thou dost this
down in King Edward's chair; 'lay set a Crown of pure gold upon
nnd the Peer who llrst received l|is head, so enrich his mynl heart
the sword, shnll offer tlie price ol With thine abundant grace, and crown
it, namely, one hundred shillings him with all princely virtues, through
and having thus redeemed it shnll the King   eternal   Jesus   Christ   our
Then sliull the henn of Westminster
lay the Ampulla and Spoon upon
the Altar; and the King kneeling
down nt tlio faldstool, the Archbishop standing shnll sny this
blessing over him:
IV.
THE LITANY,
return again to his
both ho nnd the
Queen, kneeling nt their faldstools
the Archbishop shall begin the
hymn, Vcnl Creator Solrltil"), and
the choir shall sing it out.
This being ended the Archbishop
shall say this prayer: OUR Lord Jesus Christ, tho Son   of
tion Oath, HrBt asking the King, 0 LORD, Holy Father who Iiy an- Ood, who by his Father was aniioint-
Slr, is your Majesty willing to take nointlng witli oil didst of old make cd witli the oil of gladness above his
and consecrate kings, priests and fellows, Iiy Ills holy nnnointing pour
prophets, to teach and govern Thy down upon your bend nnd heart thc
people Israel; Bless nnd sanctify Thy blessing of the Holy Ghost, and pros-
chosen subject GEORGE, who by our Per the works of your hands: that Iiy
office and ministry is now to be an- the assistance of his lieuvenly grace
nointed witli this oil (here the Arch- you niny preserve the people corn-
bishop is to lay his hand upon the niittod to your charge in wealth,
Ampulla) and consecrated King of pence and godliness; nnd nfter a long
Archbishop.      Will    you  solemnly th|„  ,.„„,„,.  9tr(m-t,lon  ,„,„  ,y  Lon, „„,,  „lor|mm
the Oath?
And thc King answering,
I am willing,
The Archbishop shall minister these
questions; and the King, having a
book in his hands, sball answer
each question severally ,,s follows:
promise and swear to govern the pco-
courso  of    ruling   this
with tlie Holy Ghost and Comforter; temporal kingdom wisely, justly uml
receive it from the Dean of Westminster from off the Altar, and
draw it out of thc scabbard nnd
enrry it linked lierore his
Majesty during the rest of the
solemnity.
Then the Bishops who hnve assisted during the offering sliull return
to their places.
THE INVESTING WITH THE AR-
MILL AND ROYAL HOSE, AND
THE DELIVERY OF THE ORB.
Then tlle King raising, the Arinill
and Roho Royal or i'nll ol cloth
of gold sliull lie delivered Iiy flic
Muster of the Holies to the Bonn
iif  Westminster,  nml  by  him  put
Lord.
Then tbc King sitting down in King
Edward's Ohalr tlie Archbishop,
assisted with other Bishops, shnll
come from the Altnr; the Dean of
Westminster shall bring tile
Crown, nml the Archbishop taking it of him shall reverently put
it upon the King's head, At the
sight whereof, tlie people, with
loud nml repented shouts, shnll
cry. God Snve the King; tin,
Peers nml tlie Kings of Arms
shall put on their coronets, ami
tlie trumpets shnll sound, nud by
n signal given, the great guns at
Ilir Tower sliull lie shot oil.
Tho ncclatnatlot] censing, tlie Archbishop sliull go uml sny:
""" ' ,W0t" ""' lMmy t0 '"' B""K ",0 "' th" l,"ite'1 K,nK,l"m "' i,nnt confirm at.d establish bin, with Thy rellg ly, you ,„„y at last be made
by  two  Bishops,  vested  in  Copes, Britain and Ireland, and the Domin- „.co „„,, „ri„cc!ly -_,,,„.   „,„ _p|r|t of mMm   ||(   ^   ^.^             Bm
and kneeling at a faldstool on the Ions thereto belonging, according to w|H,|o,„ „„,,  „overllme„t(  th(,  S|,|Ht „„.„„„,,   ,,,.„„„     ,,,„.,„,     im|.   ^
middle of tbe east side of the Thca- the Statutes In Parliament agre, „ „, „,„„„„, „„,, K|„wUy Bt,.ml(,t|l   th„ Am„„
tie, the choir singing the responses, ami the respective laws and customs spirit of knowledge and  true godll- Tliis prayer  being ended   the   King
The Bishops who havo sung the Lit- »' «'o "amc? ,TOK   mH| „,, ^ _ ,_„„,   ^ m s|m|| (i|,|m( ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^
any   shnll   then    return   to   their     King.      I solemnly promise to do Spirit „f   Thy   Holy fear,   now nn.l King   Edward's   chair while   thc
I"1"™0'                                                 no' forever.   Ames, Knights of tht Garter giVo  back
iiluiii the King, standing; tlie I.onl GOD crown you with n crown of
Grout Ohaniherlain fastening the glory nnd rlghtoousnoss Mutt by the
clasps. Then shnll the King sit ministry ,,f this our benediction, hav
down, und the orb with tho Cross iug u right faitli nnd manifold fruit
shnll be brought Irom the Altar "I good works, you may obtain the
by tlie Dean of Wcstmlnstor, nml crown ol nn everlasting kingdom by
delivered into the King's hand Iiy Hie gift of him whoso kingdom on
the Archbishop, pronouncing this dttretb for ever. Amen,
blessing and exhortation: (Continued ou next page.) Cranbrook   Foundry  and
Machine   Works
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Cranbrook   Foundry  & Machine
 Works	 'I'lien sliull the choir sing.
UK    STRONG   and   play   the   mnn;
keo
thy
the commandments ol the Lord,
Qod, uml walk in His ways,
his Coronet sliull kneel down lie
lore His Majesty's knees, the rest
ot the I'rtnccs nl the Blood Royal
being Peers ol the lloulin. kneel
iug down iu their pluces, Diking
oil their Coronets, und pronouncing tlie words of homage after
him, the Prince of Wales snying:
Then shnll lbe Dean nl Westminster | n. Prince, or Duke, etc.. of N. do
tuke the Holy llililc from oil the boenine your loigo mun ol life uud
Altur, nud deliver it to the Arch- Uml), and of earthly worship; ami
bishop, who sliull present it to fnltb and truth I will hoar unto you
tlie King: llrst snying tbose words to live, uud die, against all manner
tn bim. ol lolks.   So help mo (Ind.
XIII.
I'lIK PRBSHNTtNQ OK THK HOLY
111111,10
drums shnll bent, nml the trumpets    sound,   nnd    nil tlle people
shout, crying out:
Hod Save King GEORGE,
Long Live King OEORGE,
May the King live lorevor.
Tbo   solemnity of the King's coronation bolng thus ended, the Archbishop shall leave tlie King in lus
throne and go lo tlie Altar.
Tben the Archbishop sball take the
Crown from off the Altar into his
bands, and reverently set it upon
the Queen's head, Saying!
IIUU     Gracious     King;   we   present
you  with this Book, the most valuable thing that   this world   I'tlords,
Gore is wisdom; this Is tho royal law
those nro the lively oracles of God.
Then  sliull  the  King deliver   back
the Bible to the Archbishop, who
shall give It In the Dean ol Westminster lo    lie   reverently  placed
again  upon the holy  Altar;   and
the Archbishop uf York nnd   the
llisbnps   shall    return    to    their
plncoB,
XIV.
TIIE BENEDICTION
And now the King having heen thus
anointed and crowned, and having received all the ensigns of
royalty, the Archbishop shall solemnly bless btni; and the Arch-
lilslinp nf York, and all the UIbIi-
nps, witli the rest of the Peers,
shall follow every part of the
Bonedlctlon with a loud and
hearty Allien.
'I'HE LOUD bless you and keep you;
und ns be hath mado yuu King over
ills people, so may ho prosper you in
tllis world, and make yuu partake of
his eternal felicity in the world to
cnine.   Amen.
The Lord give ynu a fruitful country nnd healthful seasons; victorious
Meets and armies, nml a unlet empire,
u faithful Senate, wise nnd upright
counsellors nud magistrates, a loyal
nobility and n dutiful gentry; an honest , peaceable, and obedient commonality.   Amen.
XV.
THE INTHRONIZATION.
Thou   shall   the   King   go to   his
throne and be lofted up into it by
tbo Archbishops nml Bishops, and
other Peers of the Kingdom; and
being lntbronlzed, or placed therein, all the   Great   officers, those
tlmt bents tlle Swords   and   the
Scoptres, nnd the Nobles who carried     tho    other    Rognlla   shall
stand    round   ahout tlle steps of
thc Throne; nnd tbc    Archbishop,
standing   before   the   King shall
say:
STAND    firm   and    hold    fast from
henceforth the scat and state of royal and  imperial    dignity,    which   is
this day delivered unto you, in   tlle
name   and   iiy   the authority of Almighty God, and by the hands of us
tlie UlBhops   and   servants   of God,
Then shall the Princes of the Blood
Royal, being Poors ol the Realm,
arising, severally touch tho Orowil
on his Majesty's head and kiss
his Majesty's left chock
which    the   other    Peers
RECEIVE the Clown nf glory honor
und joy: nnd God, the crown of the
faithful, who by our BplBCopal hands
(tbniigh unworthy) doth this day set
u crown of pure gold upon yuur head
enrich yuur royal heart with his
abundant grace, and crown ynu with
nil princely virtues in tliis life, ami
with everlasting gladness iu tho life
The Queen shall arise nnd go to the that Is to come, through Jesus Christ
stops of  tbo   Altar supported  by  our Lord.   Amen.
XVII.
THE tJUKKN'S  CORONATION
two    llisbnps,   and    there    kneel
down, whilst tlio archbishop salth
the billowing prayer:
After ALMIGHTY    God,   the  fountain   of
f   tho nil goudnoBS.    Give   oar, wo beseech
Tlle Queen being crowned, all tbo
Peeresses shall put un tbeir coronets.
Then shall the Archbishop put the
Sceptre Into the Queen's tight
band, and the Ivory mil with the
Dove intu her loft hand, nnd Bay
tbis prayer.
sn Vouchsafe the more graciously to
continue to us your royal favor and
protection,     And the Lord God   Al-
XVI.
THK  HOMAGE.
The Exliurtiilinli being ended, nil
the Princes nnd Peers then present shnll do tiieir homage publicly and solemnly unto the King.
Tho Archbishop llrst shall kneel
down before his Majesty's kneos
ami tbo rest uf the Bishops shall
kneel in their pluces; ami they
shall do tbeir homage together,
for the shortening of the ceremony, tlie Archhishup saying:
1 Randall Archbishop of Canterbury
(ami so every one of thc rest, I N.
Bishop of N., repeating the rest audibly after the Archbishop) will be
faithful and true, and faith and truth
will bear unto you our Sovereign
Lord, and your heirs, kings of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, and uf tlie British Dominions
beyond the sens. Defenders of tlle
Faith and Emperors of India, And I
will do, and truly acknowledge, the
service of tlie Innils which I claim to
iinld of you, as In riglit of the
Church.   So help mo God,
Then shall the Archbishop kiss the
King's loft cheek,
Then the Prince of Wales, taking oil
Realm,    who   nre   then   in tholr thee tu our prayers and multiply thy
sontB   shall   kneel   down, put oil blessings   upon    this    thy     servunt
their Coronets, and du their hum- MARY, whom in thy Nnme, with  all
ago, the Dukes llrst by themselves humble devotion, wo consecrate our
and so the Muriiuesscs, tbe Earls, Queen; defend bor evermore from all o LORD, tho giver of all perfection,
the   Viscounts,   and   the Barons, dangers ghostly and bodily; make her tlrant unto this thy servant   MARY,
severally in tholr places, and nil a groat example nl virtue and piety ,„„. queen that by tbe powerful ami
ul bis Order saying nfter him: and   a   blessing tu     tills   kingdom;  ,,,11,1 Influence of her piety and virtue
N. Duke or Karl, etc., of N.do   be- through Jesus Christ our Lord,   who H|10   mKy   adorn   the   high   dignity
ome your leigc mnn of life nml limb livotb and roignctb with   thee, O Path- which   she   hath   obtained,   through
Jesus Christ our Lord.   Amen.
The Queen being thus anointed and
crowned, and having received all
her ornaments shall arise and go
from the Altar, supported by her
two Bishops, and so up to the
theatre. And as she passeth by
the King on his throne, she shall
bow herself reverently to his Majesty and then be conducted to
her own throne, and without aay
further ceremony take her place
la It.
XVIII
THE COMMUNION.
The King and Queen, having put off
their crowns they advance to the
Altar, and thc King, kneeling,
n Pall or Altar-cloth delivered by
the Officer of the Great Wardrobe to the Lord Great Chamberlain and hy him, kneeling, tn his
MaJeBty, and an Ingot or wedge
of gold of a pound weight which
the treasurer of the Household
shall deliver to the Lord Oreat
Chamberlain, and he to his Majesty; and the Archbishop, coming to
him shall receive and place them
upon the Altar.
The Queen also at the same tune
shall make her Oblation of a
Pall or Altar-cloth and a mark
weight of Gold, in like manner as
the King.
Then shall the King and Queen return to their chairs and kneel
at their faldstools, and the Archbishop shall continue the Communion service.
When the Archbishop, and Dean of
Westminster, with the Bishop's
Assistants (namely, the preacher
and those who have read the Litany, the Kpistle and the Gospel)
have communicated In both kinds,
the King and Queen shall advance
to the stops af the Altar ami
kneel down, nnd the Archbishop
shnll administer the Bread, and
the Dean of Westminster the Cup,
to them.
After tho delivery of the Bread and
of thc Cup, the King and Queen,
taking the Sceptres in their hands
shall then put on their crowns
and ngnln, repair to their
thrones.
XIX.
Then shnll the choir slag:
TE DEUM LAUDAMAS.
XX
THE RECESS. *"
In the meantime, the King attended'
and accompanied as before, the
four swords beiug carried before
him, shall descend from liis throne
crowned, and carrying hiB Sceptre
and rod in his hands, go into the
area eastward of the Theatre and
pass on through the door on the
south side of the Altar Into Saint
Edward's chapel; and as they
paaB by the Altar, the rest of the
Regalia lying upon It, arc to bo
delivered hy the Dean of Westminster to thc Lords thnt carried
them in the procession, and so
tbey shall proceed lu state Into
the Chapel. The Queen at the
same time descending, shnll go
In like maimer Into the same
chapel nt the door on the North
side ol tho Altnr; hearing her
Sceptre in Iier right hand, and her
Ivory rod in her left.
The King and Queen being come
into the Chapel, the King, stand
ing before the Altar shall deliver
the Sceptre witli tlle Dove to the
Archbishop who sliull lay it upon
the Altur there. And the Golden
Spurs and Smut Etiward's Stall
aro tn lie given intu tlie hands ol
Dean of Westminster, nnd by him
laid there ulso.
The King sluill then lie dtBrohod of
his Royal Robe of stnte, nml arrayed in his Rube nf Purple Velvet  ami    wearing  bis   Imperial
OrOWn, sllllll then receive ill Ills
loft hnnd the Orb from the Archbishop,
Then their Majesties shnll proceed
through the Choir to tlie west
door uf the ohuroh, iu tlie samo
way as tbey cume, wenriiig their
Crowns, tlle King hearing ill Ids
riglit hand the Sceptre With tlie
Cross nnd in his left the Orb; the
Queen, bearing iu her right hand
ber Sceptre with tue Cross, nnd
in her left the Ivory Rod with the
Dove; nil Peers wenring tholr
Coronets.
EINIS.
COSY CORNER LUNCH
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WESTMINSTER   ABBEY
The first church waB erected in the early part o* the seventh century hy
Sebert, the tirBt King of the East Saxons, to the honor of Qod and St..
Peter, and traditions affirm that it was consecrated by St. Peter himself,
though unworthy: And as you see us   who aurtdenly appeared for that purpose.
to approach nearer to God's Altar,
The Church, however,   was   not   completed  until    the   time   of   King
Bdgar.
It was afterwards destroyed by thc Danes, and rebuilt about 1(150, by
Kdward the Confessor, who made it an  Abbey,  and   ordained    that hence-
mighty, whose ministers we are, and fo|>th thfl mnnarcha of Hngian<l Bhould be crowned there, and, throughout
the stewards nf his mysteries, estab- a*j t|le Kreat political changes England has since endured, that order has
llsh    your throne   in    righteousness, been religiously obeyed.
that it may stand fast for evermore, _-.-■_-_----.-. ■=--:- —--_.■■■.=_=-:-=.--= ^:=_-_.-=-^—~_=^^--^-.-----  •    ■, __■_
like as the sun before him, and as the and   of   earthly   worship   and   faith  or,  in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
faithful witness in heaven.   Amen, and truth   I    will   bear unto you to  world without end.   Amen.
live and die, against all  manner   of
folks.   So help me Uod.
The Peers having done their homage, the tlrst of each order putting off his coronet, shall singly
ascend the throne, aud stretching
forth his baud touch the Grown
on bis Majesty's head as promising by that ceremony for himself
and his order to be ever ready to
support It with all their power;
and then shall he kiHs the King's
cheek,
This prayer being ended the Queen
shall arise ami come to the place
of her anointing, which is to he
at a faldstool set for that purpose before the Altar, between
the steps and King I'M ward's
chair. There she shall kneel down
and four Peeresses, appointed for
that service, holding a rich pall
of cloth of gold over her, the
Archbishop shall pour the holy
oil upon the crown of her head
saying these words:
While the Princes ami Peers are IN the name of the Father aud of the
thus doing their homage, the Son, and of thc Holy Ghost: Let the
King, if he thinks good, shall de- annointing with this oil increase your
Uver his Sceptre .with the Cross honor and the grace of God's Holy
and the Sceptre or Rod with the Spirit establish you, for ever and
Dove, to some one near to the ever. Amen.
Blood   Royal,   or   to   the  Lords
that carried them in thc procession, or to any other that he
pleaseth to assign, to hold them
by him.
Then shall the Archbishop receive
from the Keeper of the Jewel
House, the Queen's ring nnd put
it upon the fourth linger of her
right hand, saying:
And the Bishops that support the rrcBIVB this Ring, the seal of a
King in the procession may also 8incero faith; nm* Qo(*( t() wh(ini ,)C.
ease him hy supporting the Crown |„ngeth all power and dignity, pros-
as there shall he occasion, ,„,,. ymi in your honor, and grant you
At thc same time the choir   shall  therein long to continue, fearing him
sing this anthem: always, ami always doing such things
Psalm  xxxlii  1,  12-16,   1H-22 as shall    please   bim, through  Jesus
When   the   Homage   is   ended   the Christ uur Lord.   Amen,
□
□
a
a
Siiiidwicliei
Cnld lined limn
Until ilnllod Tnngiie
K,d Hnn
Hiimliiintvr
Kullcll kiwi
I iiiilni, ui r  tdict'M'
American Clu'cie
Ice i
Swlu Cheew
Clam Chowder
Sparc Kit,.
Pickled I'm. Ic
Cnl. and Belli!
Siuiiiu Chicken
peanuts
Pup Corn
James P. Boyd
The Coffee King
Quick Service and Everything
of the Best
Corner ol Raker St. mul Norbury Ave.
Pabst Blue Ribbon
Wins   t Again!
.■■-i.iiiu, i in .ijum i ****** iH--ii*..J.il.l'.)lU'.!",i ***.'
*\*\\*&**^^
Pabit Brewing Company's Exhibit at the Golden Weet and Amerlein
Industrie!. Exhibition, held ut Karl's Court, London, En|-., Muy tu Oct. 1909.
The Beer of our Own Land
Pabst Blue Ribbon has been chosen as the American
beer for exclusive sale at the Great Golden West and
American Industries Exposition at Earl's Court in
London this summer, following the winning of the
highest award for purity above all brews of the world
at the International Pure Food Exposition, Antwerp.
The Pabst Excellence, the Pabst Quality, the Pabst
Flavor, the Pabst Smoothness and the Pabst low per.
centage of alcohol-have won the favor of all people.
Pabst
BlueRibbon
Tke Beer of Quality
thus becomes the choice of the connoiseurs of the world.
Pabst brews but one Blue Ribbon Beer. No matter
where you order Blue Ribbon you get the same nutritious
quality that makes it different from other beers.
Because of its goodness and delightful uniform smoothness, it is the ideal beverage. You will enjoy its pleasant
softness and delicious flavor.
Mule Iiy Parnt at MilwauLcc
am)   Untiled   only  at  the Brewery
A. L. McDERMOT
Distributor
Cranbrook, B.C.
Phone 17 Wholesale
J. D. McBride
Shelf  and   Heavy   Hardware
Retail
Mine  and   Mill   Supplies       Blacksmith   Supplies       Plumbing  and   Heating
—Stoves   and   Tinware—
LUMBERMEN
We invite you t<> inspect
our lines of Mill Supplies,
Belting
Packings
Host.'
Rope
Friction   Board
Wool Waste
Skidding  Tongs
Pike Poles
Peavies
Cant.   Hooks
Single and Double Trees
Handles
Axes
Saws
Fittings
REMEMBER
We carry a large stock of
FITTINGS
from   1-4 in.  ro   (> inches
Jenkins Valves
Lunkenheimer Valves
Agents for
Box 195
A. Streich &  Bros.,  Company
Wagon and Lumber Carts
ORDERS   HANDLED   WITH   GREATEST   CARE   AND   DESPACH
CRANBROOK,    B.   C.
BLACKSMITHS
Can we supply your next
wants?   Goods   Guaranteed,
Blowers
Bellows
Anvils
Pincers
Rasps
Coal
Spokes,  Etc.
MECHANICS
We handle the best lines
of Tools procurable, and can
satisfy your wants without
delay!
STARRF.TT'S    POOLS
SPECIAL  LINES
Mann's Axes
Simond's  Saws
Nicholson Files
Standard Ideal Bath Room
Supplies
Phone 5
Lester Clapp
WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL TOBACCONIST
The Largest Stock of Smokers' Supplies
between Winnipeg and Vancouver
Agent for
CIGARS
S. Davis y Sons.,
McLeod, Nolan & Co.
Tuckett Co., Ltd.
.1. (iranda & Co.
TOBACCOS
Imperial Tobacco Cat.
Tuckett Co., Ltd.
Adolph Franka Co.
W. D. & H. (). Wills
G. B. D. PIPES       BBB. PIPES       PETERSON'S PIPES
Importer of Cigars, Tobaccos, Pipes and
Smokers' Supplies
Lester Clapp  —   Tobacconist
BAKER STREET CRANBROOK, B.C.
J. Tannhauser
Dealer in
Cigars and Tobacco
Books and Stationery, Toys and Notions
Pool and Billiard Parlor
J. Tannhauser
FORT STEELE, B. C.
Queens Hotel
Gus. Andeen, Proprietor
Cranbrook, B. C.
The Queens is situated right in the centre of the City
on Baker street, and it is the place where you will get
Good Meals
Good Rooms
Good Treatment
Good Cigars
Good Liquors
Remember—The   Queens    Hotel The Resources and Activities of Cranbrook and District
Written  for  the   Board   of  Trade,  by   R.   B.   Benedict
Imagine if you please a broad
valley (rom live to twenty miles wide
lying between two ranges of mountains, traversed nortli mul Bouth hy
a beautiful river (ed by many
streams which wind their way down
(rom tbo mountains (rom terrace to
terrace over tho broad fertile stretch-
es of bench lands ami onto the bottom ..mils Into the river,
SuCh Is the valley o( the Koutenay
river lying between the Hoc'y and
Selkirk mountains extending (rom
the International boundary mi the
south to Gpnal Flats, on tho north
a distance of aboul ninety miles, and
containing an urea of nearly une million acrea, of which three hundred
thousand acres is ailmiralily suited to
general agriculture and fruit raising.
The valley at present is crossed
east antl west hy the Crow's Nest
branch ol the G. P. It., and iu the
near future will he traversed north
and south hy the Kooteuay Central,
which is now under construction.
These roads glvo this valley a direct
connection with All the piincipal
cities of both the |>rairie provinces,
Washington ami other states.
A hook of descriptive matter could
he written about this valley, the
various districts and their produce,
and the opinion of experts as to the
quality of the soil and its adaptability fur different crops, hut it is not
the purpose of this article to give
more than a brief outline of its resources and possibilities.
Not many years ago tbe greater
part of Kast Kootenay waa covered
with thc finest varieties of timber,
and until recently lumbering was one
of the chief industries, Kven now the
industry is at its height, but as fast
as tbe land ia cleared o. the timber,
it Is put into farms, and iu every
case these farms prove wonderfully
productive.
Lumbering and agriculture are not
the only resources of this district.
Mining, as yet in its infancy, is probably on a par with the luml ering
industry in uo far as capital invested
and production is concerned. Sixty
miles east of Cranbrook coal mining
obtains from Fernie east through the
Crow's Nest Pass into Alberta, a distance of some loll in les with producing mines every few miles. As to
the extent of these conl fields, and
their permanency so far as production is concerned it is only necessary
to -quote a paragraph from the Dominion government Geological report,
which in substance states that there
is coal enough in these fields to produce ten million tons of coal per year
for seven thousand years. At the
present time between IJ and 2 million tons are being mined yearly.
Other mining, such as silver-lead is
being carried on at Moyie and Kimberly at which places are probably
the largest producing silver-lead
mines in Canada. Throughout the
district are many gold-copper and
other mining claims which, with development and transportation facilities will soon make tbis industry
second to none. Tho mineral resources should not be passed without
mentioning the iron claims located
nn the Hull river, _5 miles from
('rnnbrook. A red hematite ore, the
assays of which give 62,8 per cent,
metallic iron.
With the proper development of
this property—with coal and coke
only .hi miles distant- with water aud
power, and other necessities at hand,
can (tne not Imagine great possibilities, and just so sure as the material is there, the time will come when
these present dreams will he realized.
Water power Ib another resource of
this district, which in a few years
will do much to further the industrial development. Reference may be
made to the Hull river project, located 25 miles east of Crnnbrook,
which it is expected will he furnishing electrical power in a few months.
Other contemplated projects nre thc
b.lk river and Ht. Mary's river.
Huch industrial development as outlined above demand n certain amount
of food for man and beast and up to
the present time only 10 per cent, of
the requirements arc raised in this
district, which means thnt Ull per
cent, of our food is Imported from
outside points.   This state uf affairs
has been due tn lack uf interest iu
tbe (arming Industry, or rather to
the extensive interest in lumbering
and miniug.
Within the past two y.ars great
strides have neon made iu agricultural pursuits in t'lis district. Results
satis aetory to the mu: t exacting
farmer has att nded his efforts, and
Judging from tbe 1 fers receive! Irom
farmers throughout the district, It is
doubted if th y would esch n e places
with the best tarn s th:.t Allerta has
to offer.
As to fruit raising and all kinds of
garden truck practical di monatra-
tlons muy be si-en In the following
districts, Oranbrook, Wnrdner, Fort
Steele, Wasa, Cherry Creek, St.
Mary's Prairie, Marysville and Wycliffe. The places named refer to the
settlement win re fruit raising aud
mixed farming is carried nn more or
less extensively. There are, however,
thousands of acres of rich agricultural land between these places adapted
fur all branches of farming.
The valley has been reported upon
by several agricultural experts,
among whom may he mentioned Prof.
Frank T. Bhlttt, M. A., F. T. C., F.
0. 8. Chemist of the Agricultural
department of Canada; Thos. A.
Hharpe, superintendent of the Dominion experimental farm at Agassiz, B.
C.j M. H. Middleton, horticulturist
department of agriculture, B. C, and
R. W. Heurtley, horticulturist,
Guelpb agricultural college. The unanimity of these reports on all Important points—climate, soil, adaptability—constitute .their chief value,
and remove ail doubts as to tbe exceptional merits of tbe valley as a
profitable field for general farming,
fruit growing, live stock, dairying
and poultry.
Board of Trade Officials:
R. 11. BENEDICT, Secretary R. T. BRYMNER, President
W. H. WILSON. Vice-Pros.
way construction is all that Is wanting to make tbe Kootenay valley the
peer of the mast thickly populated
and prosperous districts of the province."
The following extracts from letters
received by tbe Board of Trade demonstrates the fitness of the Kootenay
valley for all branches of agriculture
and gives some idea of the productiveness of the so.I in different districts and what results mny he expected with tbe use (f a little energy and proper cultivation.
At Wardner, 18 miles .ast of Crnnbrook, Mr. P. Lund writes, "that
"during 1910 I raised 200 tons of
vegetables and potatoes from 111 acres
of land at my Wardner farm."
Mr. A, Hodgson, whose farm is
about three miles west of Marysville
writes: "I have been working ''bis
land for about eight years and have
found that it is well adapted for
mixed fanning. I have been growing
strawberries for about four years and
have not experienced a failure in that
time. I have netted on an average
from $700 to $800 per acre on them,
and have found an excellent home
market for all the berries 1 can raise
and I generally have berries to sell
after the crop is done elsewhere."
Mr. Herbert H. McOlure writes:
"tbat After having looked over considerable fruit growing sections of
tbe province, we came to the conclusion   that   Cranbrook   suited   us
MARKETS,
Lumbering   nnd   mining  have boon
mentioned as the chief industries nf
the district, with agriculture destined to lead them all In a fi w yo rs.
Tn these should he added railroading,
which, with the foregoing In
dustries employ thousands of
men. The roqiltromonts uf these
employers me the basis of the
excellent homo markets that this district enjoys. Much could le written
about these mnrkets, but a few state
ments of facts should convince the
must skeptical that nowhere in Cnn
ada is there such a market at top
notch prices ns exists in Ibis district,
today. With the further develnpment
of the coal fields and other mining iu
the district, the demand must needs
always exceed the supply, thus assuring the farmer of a permanent
market at good prices.
From Moyie to Crow's Nest or
Frank, along the railway the pay roll
uf the different industries will total
about one million dollars per month,
year in and year out. Such is the
■backbone of tbis district—always
steady, constantly demanding the necessities of life—necessities "'hich the
district can and should supply, but
as yet less than 10 per cent, of the
requirements are produced here.
Kast Kootenay has tbe land, tbe
soil, climate and water, and now it
is calling for tbe people.
The following table of statistics
should be interesting:
Statement showing tbc amount of
some of tbe staple products imported
into Oranbrook, it. C, and district
of a ten mile radius for the yeai- P.Uu
compiled frum   authentic freight   re-
total will give you the approximate
tonnage Imported Into the whole district—that is Cranbrook and district
and the coal fields in tho Crow's Neso
Pass.
The n ey value of tho tonnage ot
these few items niouv a over three,
million dollara, i nc of the future
l.ossibllit.e. of this die rlct is lo
keep this money at home by supplying homo grown  produce.
Should    the    lime    evei   enme   when
this district produces onou h to sur
ply those markets, thtro ts always
left tho pralrlo m rkots o( Alberta
and Saskatchewan. Though these
latter places have thi us nds of acres
of land under cultivation, it is never
the less a fact that they do not, ur
in must places cannot grow enough
vegetables and fruit to s .pply their
own needs. They are essontla'ly a
wheat producing country mid will
probably always remain as smb.
CLIMATIC.
Without giving a poet's d« script! it
of the climate ami scenery nf the
Valley of the Kuutenay, we can best
describe it with the one word "ideal"
Without quoting tho praises of the
hundreds who have visited here and
enjoyed the beaut Us we would refer
those who seek further proof of its
claims to tbe official bulletin No. 2ti,
issued by tbc Mun au of provincial
Information of B. C. which gives the
opinion of noted men, authors, aud
travellers.
As to lishing and shooting, the oft
used term "hunter's paradise" must
serve again, not ss a fancy ur empty
title, for in nil of Canada there Is
uot a district which cau compare
witb tbe valley of the Kuutenay iu
tbe variety and quantity nf its game
both large and small, common aud
rare.
Commercial Orchard at Cranbrook
Commercial Orchard at Cranhrook
From Canal Flats south to the International boundary are large areas
of fine land, and as Prof. Hharpe puts
it "fit for anything farmers need to
grow." He describes this district as
well suited for any farm crops, and
for small fruit—hardy apples, plums,
cherries, and would give hue crops of
clover, alfalfa, sainfrolu grains and
roots of nil description. Bven the
early hardy grapes will ripen, and
"1 would have no hesitation of planting fruit trees of hardy apples, pears
plums and cherries in the full expectation of mnking a commercial
success, and there Is no question ns tu
the raising of finer crops, both ns to
quality and quantity, of small fruits
ns well as all the farm crops."
Mr. Heurtley remarks: "Seeing how
wonderfully productive are thc small
fruits and all garden truck, there cau
be no doubt but that when more
speedy communication is established,
there will be no limit to their profitable production."
The building of the Root-nay Central railway now under construction,
will traverse the district referred to
by Mr. Heurtley.
M. S. Middleton says: "Sprat six
days in driving over this district, for
the purpose of reporting to the department of agriculture on the Bhe,
the cultivable area and the physical
characters of thc different sections."
hlach section iH dealt with in detail,
but owing to the length of thc report, it must needs be omitted from
this article, but to copy it would only be to repeat thc report of other
experts, "all of which goeB to
strengthen the contention that   rail-
Let us sec what a little figuring
will do.
Twenty dollars is a low average
price for vegetables in this market,
and for 200 tons this crop would
bring $4,000.00 Irom lit acres, or a
gross revenue of $200.00 per aero,
enough to pay for the land several
times over.
Jno. Bennett writes from Marysville, 12 miles north of Cranbrook,
on the Klmberly branch, "I have
found dairying very profitable."
"I can always secure from $18.00
to $80.00 iter ton for timothy bay
riglit at my barns. Apple and plum
trees planted live years ago are just
now nicety coming Into hearing, current bushes plantod five years ago
have yielded a bumper crop every
year since."
better than anywhere else. 1 hove
had no trouble to get stump lam!
ready for the plow at $50 per acre,
We bave set out about eight acres of
apple trees and are well pleased with
the way tbey bave done. I think alfalfa will be one of the best paying
crops, 1 put in 50 acres this spring,
ami it iB looking fine. If you wish a
proof as to thc desirability of our
climate, would sAy that we gathered
several sacks of sound potatoes this
spring which had been in tbc ground
all winter."
Many other letters might be quoted, giving actual results obtained
by tbe different farmers, but to du
so would ho only to enlarge on the
letters already mentioned.
cords.   These  figures do not itulude
shipments hy express:
Hay-3840 tons.
Grain—3475 tons.
Potatoes—839 tons.
Butter—177,550 pounds.
Fruits—464,430 pounds,
Dressed Meats—1,950.670  poonds,
older statistics of imports are   as
follows1
Eggs*-8000 cases.
Cheese-70,000 pounds.
Lard—150,000 pounds.
Ueef-»i00n heah.
Pork—6000 head.
Multiply   these   amounts    hy three
and  then add ten por cent., and the
Wheat Land on St. Mary's Prairie, near Cranbrook
Excellent mails are maintained by
the provincial government throughout the whole district, and it is possible to ride by auto from Golden on
the main line of the 0, p. R. to
Cranbrook, thence to Fernie, and
through tbe Crow's Nest Pass to
Lethbridge, Calgary aud Banff. Another year will see the completion of
the wagon mad uver the mighty
Itockies from Banff to Windermere,
thus making it possible to make a
complete circle of the valley, and enjoying a trip second tu none in the
world,
Picturesquely located on n prairie
nestling close to the foothills of Mt.
Uaker, is the City of Cranbrook, the
natural centre and distributing point
geographically and nthi-rw.se, uf Kast
Kootenay.
With a population of 4,000, the mil
way divisional point of the 0, P. it.
and twenty or more suwmdls tributary to the city, and a local payroll
of a qiiartir of a million di liars per
iiKtiih, rnn.ru,,it |B a Lusy nnd lively place,
Tho city is Rrnwfng fast l ut ht ah
ly, bus all i f the con .nn tu- h of a
modem city of Its size, aul with a
prosperous future before It, Otber
arlifliM in Ihi'; pui or have detailed
iis advantages mil tn which Bhould
bo added tho fnd that Cn n rook'and
district offers to the fanner, the Investor, the home and pleasure s ekcr
nn opportunity to grallfy their nt
most ambition.
Tnke ii trip through the valley of
1.1.M Kootenay, oi write the Hecre
liii> n tin homd of Trade for Infoi
uiatiott. Through  Game  Preserve
A TRIP  OVER  THE   EAST KOOTENAY   GAME   RESERVE   BY   JIM   BATES
DEPUTY   GAME   WARDEN
□
□
3
It would tie il
however gifted, to
quata t,, give a pi
the beauties, ami
hardships, pertal
through the Bast
Preserve,
rticnlt   for iiiiyniii
liml language adi
roper description <
Incidentally ,.( t1
fling     t,'   H   J,,|lltlt
Ki'i'ttMtlU I'.llll
i, who Is pushing
i tangle ol    ri.it.
if wood, it is 111..i
,' iv  responsible 1
Is uuy through its Oarnegle museum, ami ll  was     the the Hull ilvoi  und
timber and brush very abundance of tins noble   game attomptod n   cross
likely to be direct that led him mul many otber sports   tains by wa) ol tin
the birth ul many men ol note to urge the setting aside  river,  hoping  lo   i
ii net* nn.l wlerdly framed cuss word, ol this district   for the   purpose
imly by the most strenuous sxertlon perpetuating   lor   all time   t" m
mis progress al  all  possible, lor we the khiiu. iI-hi   to  the heart
hunter ol m
ni  ii
.( nit.. Mi|im\v creek,
!■ Win I .•, iin,l niul,. „
ic  ly exist thero,     i\
White rlvor,   wc
l||   ol      Ull'   Ul.'llli
.v.".i i,.a ,,[ iiuu
mas   Hir '.iiinii,,i
IiiI.iiI ivy ol Ilu'
.ul .h.l ..in,. ..nl
I,.un.I   Ilml   Hi..
mil   "iily   by   tho   roliol our in  Kast  Kootenay,   Waplta or Klk,
nhouldors   onjnyod   by   tho ah   ('mil , Mountain Shoep ami Goats,
ii.  lho gnulllng pnckBtrap, but Boar, Door ami Moobo,
|    Ilir
llll'llllll
WlHI,l,i
i tho onjoymenl ut
mis iliii nil around
iiu' Invndors nf their
in.., ihc   whllo,     »i'
,,niiiiiiii ..uni.
ii wns almost I'liu-iiniiu iiiiii we
hl'nke   camp   III   till'   morning   I,'   again
face the awful network ..i fallen tim
bei  that already h .ii .1 i uich   to
detraot Irorn the pleasure ..i the Irl.i,
hilt   as   we      pushed   i>ti
t iward     t ie
summit the trail groK
tettei antl our
spirits rose In propori
n   lo   the   iu
creased Bpeed of our pi
ogress, till ill
last in a aevei  (<< I o fi
rnotten, nlor
lous moment, we toppe
l   the  1   sl   rise
and stood     with  the
fre.-h   western
wind  cooling      oui   he i
t«*,i [aces,   ou
the summit ol that t*ln
'inns ehaiu  of
mountains, the hull rlv
r ranxe.
There again the mystic spell ol the
mountains   seised   us   as   we  ga"e.l
around at  tlie beauties ol which nu
at  tile  literally cut oui   way  throughout the  pencil,   however   wielded  could   hope
Initial Camp
our untiai eamii was mad
lunch ,,f Mi. Hamer, wh,,,
western   fashion entertained
ally. As Mr. Hamei' Is a w-ell known tion .( nine laborious hours, we were snow' crowned cliff, that the mechan-
guule anil nuteil hunter, aa well as happy to think that we ha.l reached ical eye could retain a tenth of the
an ardent game protectionist,   much   a   camping   place at last   with    six magnificence that we, aa humble   eni-
iii true length   of the   valley through which to reproduce, hoping   as   we turned
is   roy    the stream runs,  an.t at the exuira   the camera from glacier to frowning,
One Day's  Hunt
valuable    Information    waa    gleaned  miles .•( our journey accomplished.
ployes of his majesty were njw
drinking in with all the greediness ol
artists longing for the brush of a
lan.tseer.
snow slides hod almost complotely
obliterated it, in fact tho whole valley is nothing better thnn a muss of
piled up, shattered timber.
Compelled to leave our luirseB   wc
tried to tind a pass to thc northward
Our  way  now lay  down No Name up a creek thnt joined the Hull some
creek, a small stream emptying Into
the Bull  river, at a point tea miles
Bouth of the 50th parallel of latitude.'
The  trail   down   the    valley,   while
rough -running along the st.ep   slope
nf the mountain—did not nBer    any
serious obstructions in the   way   of
fallen timber,   waB safely negoti .ted,
and Bull  river r ached  hy 5 o clock
in the afternoon.
supposed—what ungainly creiturei
like ourselves could possibly tic doing
in u place that by our struggles we
clearly showed wc were iinlittjd fur.
When nt hint we stood on the rough
llmesti nr terrace that by courtesy
we ealleil a pass, and Looked nortb-
|A View of the  Rockies from  Elk  River
Bull river, at tbe point where 'the
trail reaches It was rather tame and
uninteresting after our scenic display
hut the clear mountain   stream   was
a welcome sight nevertheless, for we
yearned fnr    supper, and the     river
frum our conversation with him, and     Dar next camp was a lovely spot, promised us that, for   like true chil-
wliich wc turned tn good account   in   right, in tbe heart ot the mnmincent dren of the forest, our lishing tac':le
• mi' subsequent experiences. mountains to tbe westward   of   the had not been forgotten.
After leaving Mr. limner's our next Klk river, the peculiar beauty of the
camping placo was near tho mouth of snot "oln& ml,ch towards repaying
Unite  Creek,  n  stream  that   marks  »« 'or our recent exertions   and dia-
tlie southern boundary nf the reserve comfortB,    hign  above uh nn either
It may have been the infernal cus-
sedness ot things, or it may have
been that the trout were well till-1
by reason of the recent freshet bringing down a surplus ol food, bnt at ,lve ,nilet "ortn "' tn0 '■onfliicncc of
any rate, it was long before a suf- tne west fl"'k ""'' th" mal" stream.
Ilciency of the speckled beauties were T,,ere il was tlmt wo 'liscovercd the
forthcoming. Perhaps it would have stupenduons glacier that gnvc birth
been amusing to an onlooker to have '° tne twl" lakoa "'" llll"1K ""' tcot
listened to the imprecations we show- ahove tho fl™'
Mountain Lion —S feet {) i.iches from tip to tip
i.n Hn- Itllk rlvei  sh,i
famous by leas n <.f its be
up    hy    W.    T     Hornada
I k   "Camp   Kin'   in   Hi.
Rockies," and while fr im
point "I view it would hr
I., the sii.ll ,,t tlle artist    I
Crossing
This creek n
Elk   River
■k  towards the
i.'  writ ten
,n     Ins
i 'llli'i'llMi:
uf   til
thero mew grassy steppes,
n[   hundrods
side
hills
na in
_.*< -at s and brown runt.
it was that the famous hunter J
Phillips, nf    PlttaburR,    killed
creal  ram presented by lum to
ered on the heads of the trout, lucky
enough tn shake the hook and with
a flit of the tall give ns a grewsomc
ha, ha, but to us It waa a serious
thing, something to he deplored
and regretted, when—this in all truth
and sincerity, mind yon -the biggest
oaes invariably got away.
Ab we pushed north up Utitl river
at the expense of many a bruise ent
scratch, we encountered signs of deer
and elk, on every river bar, while
high up on tho mountains on either-
side white specks denoted the pre*
►treat Hence (i\ goats in abundance. We p st-
Below the lakes the Btream Issuing
ward, to where in tbe distance, we
could see tbe gaunt, bleak pinnacles
that marked the head of the Klk river, the majesty of the scene had passed tbe beautiful, the feeling of admiration bad left us and iu its stead
the sense uf our own littleness over-
Duok and geese of all kinds.
Illue grouse, wl'luw grouse, the
Franklin grouse or foul hen, prairie
chicken.
The livers uf the district contain
many true trout; the Dolly V or den or
t'lmr are frequently caught, wel bint
from S to Ifi ami :\a pounds,
Kootenay  Valley
Agriculture und Cattle
Raising
Extending from the headwaters
ni the Oolumbla river, snutb
to the International boundary
line — between the main ran ,e
ni the rncky mountains on the
east and the Selkirk range nu tlie
west—lies thc fertile valley of the
Kootenay river, varying in width
from 20 tn 40 miles. Here are to be
found all tbe elements required tn
constitute a rich and progressive district, consisting nf rich agricultural
soil, magnificent herbage fur cattle,
sheep and burses, a salubrious climate, favorable to health and fruit
growing, together with boundless
fnrests uf timber, Throughout t'.ie
valley are scattered ranches and
farniB, and during the past year considerable attention haH been given tn
tlie cultivation nf cereals.
The nutritious grasses nf thc foot-
bills on butb sides uf tlle valley al-
ford ample fund supply fur horses,
cattle and sheep. Abundance nf gnnd
water, a light bhow fall and modir-
ate climate make this an ideal colln-
try fur stuck raising.
Considerable attention Is given to
fruit growing. At Wasa, Tracy
creek. Kish Lakes and in the vicinity
uf Port Steele there are a number uf
small urcbards which are duing well.
It is estimated that several thniisaiid
fruit trees which have been ordered,
will be set nut next spring. Small
fruits, such aB strawberries, raspberries, currants and gouBehcrries do
well and are exceptionally luscious.
Thc local market is large, and will
steadily devclup, uwing tu the rapid
development of the mining industry,
and the immense increase of railway
interests Iiy the construction nf tlie
Kuutenay Oentral railway.
the
M.
the
the
ed notices, aB indeed we had dune
I snuwy deeced ever H|nce entering the game pre ervc,
d sheep. There  t(| wan) nllnU,.H UKatnHt i nwittlngly
trespassing nn the grounds that mil'
government had wisely set aside   as
a refuge and sanctuary for the wild
things tbat made a journey through from a dark hole It had cut for it.
this district at once a pleasure and self through a shuwbIIiIc hundreds nf
an education. Not once during the feet deep and more than a mile ions,
entire Journey did interest fag; now poured In a milky white Hnnd, over
It was the freeh footprint of a huge a precipice at least two hundred feet.
elk that claimed our attention, or high, falling with the noise nf a Ninth* sand, bordering the river was lit- Kara tn the black, Jugged nic-s he
erally dotted with the tracks of deer, '"w, then massing its soattorod drops
great and email, while here and there rushing down the rocky mountain
the great pads of a grlszly Bhowed foaming nnd throwing high ils spray
that here at least bruin had found n 1" catch the sunlight, till the eye
place nf reeiige from the death deal- wearied nf its brilliancy anil sought
Ing rltle, and our hearts wore glad the darker, more restful seen s nl
that It should he so ordained by the ri;ckH nnd foroat,
powers that he, that the wild folk uf
the forest had at least protection afforded them.
Crossing Klk  River
Getting  Breakfast
It was a hard, arduous climb from
the lakes tn the summit fur tlie
packs wc were using begun In lire
Since the line nl the preserve ernes our shoulders, but our frc iitenl rests
it the range uf iiinuutalmi separating   carried witli them thc keenest enjoy-
came all othor feelings; we were
dumb in the preaire nf nature, tin—
tramollod and uiieniitaniinated by
tlie iiiun's sordid greed.
Only the wild thin-AB sicincd part
ni the groat, scheme; we wero rank
outsiders, and we felt ourselves sn,
yet il. Rocineil gnnd tu be there, tn
lie In tlio heart of things uf a vast-
nesH Hint nt onco I'lril'incil and a i-
pnllod, dollght d, and saddened, and
thoro flint night as wu stulrht th'i
blniikot that wus our only covoring,
uml gaved up ui flic clear summer
sky. we full ropalil a th.llB.ilHl fold
fol the wunry miles we bail covered
fnr like t'ni'K'ir we could lionoatly
say  "Veni  Vlili Viol."
The following largo gnme iii lound
RUSH IN !
Now Is the time tn buy. Heal
Kstntc Is increasing in value all over
the country and those who buy now
will quickly get a handsome prolit nn
thoir investment, if they sell, nr a
valuable piece uf pruperty if they
hold.
Dome iu and learn all thnt can ho
learned about the
KAHMS  AND KAHM  LANDS
we havo fnr Bale. We guarantee that
ynu can pick up a bargain in thla
lut.
R.B.BENEDICT
Farms, Loans, Investments
Insurance
Armstrong Avenue
CR AN BROOK, B.C. A Numher of Cranbrook Automobiles
Lester Clapp's Residence
Lx-Mayor J. P. Fink's Residence
Wm. Cameron's Residence
i. .     ;.l  MINKS
Mines nre tbe subterranean trens-
uries of nature In which the Ominls-
cient Heing haa deposited a portion
of his bounties to be developed and
used by intelligent men. Mining, Improved to its utmost extent, is an
art in which all the lights of science
all the capacity and diligence of man
find their application. In the Dominion of Canada mining operations
ere of too recent nn origin to present any of the master pieces in tbe
art. 'It requires ages, tbe lapse of
centuries to develop such subterranean structures as can be found in the
old world, in Mexico and the United
States.
An extensive subterranean mine is a
grand aad curious structure, and
possesses many beauties which are
understood only hy the initiated.
These cannot be made tbe subject of
panoramic views like the terrestrial
beauties of nature, and are, therefore
not accessible to the multitude of
education and enjoyment. In subterranean mines there is a poetry, a
high religious poetry. The miner in
his lonely chamber is constantly reminded of the bounties at his disposal, and the assistance tbat he
needs from a higher power than what
man can bestow. We regret exceedingly that it is" not permitted us to
luxurate in the description of mining
to its fullest extent. Our aim is to
be useful, and we shall give the readers of the Prospector, from time to
time, many of the leading features,
pointed out by geology, which will
help the prospector and miner to find
the place where mineral deposits may
he located. There are vast quantities
of useful and valuable minerals in
this province which are so profusely
distributed above the water levels of
the valleys, that there is very little
prospects of any extensive operations
below that level for a numher of
years, at least so far as the general
production iB concerned, for tho mineral resources of South Kast Kootenay (tbc (Jranbrook district), are so
vast, and the means of reduction nnd
transportation so limited, that a
number of years must elapse before
the necessity of deep mining occurs,
Uut wo trust that fn tbe near future
wben we bave reduction works, and
increased facilities for transportation
or a home markot for the ores of thc
Cranbrook district, also smelters for
tbe smelting of iron ore from Hull
river, all ores mined in tbe district,
treated lu the district, anil above all
tbc Craubrook district taking a most
promising place in the mining industries of the world.
THE
Cranbrook Garage
Company
Agents
for
McLaughlin
llllick
Automobiles
V. ft. PATRICK, Manager
Automobiles and Supplies.   Cars for Hire,
Overhauling anil Repairing.
Tt'lr|ihiim's:
(Inrilise Nn. Nil
Resilience 221
THE
McLaughlin - Buick
The Car That (Jives a Lasting Satisfaction
1911 Models From 22 to 50 Horse Power
The only ear that ever covered a mile on a circular dirt track, in
Canada, in less than une minute was a ".McLaughlin-Buick." Time, 59'.
seconds.    Driver, VV, Tower.    Place, Winnipeg.     Date, September,  1910.
The only car that ever covered twenty-live miles in less than twenty-
six minutes was a " McLaughlin Buick," which won the Dunlop Trophy for
the second time on the Kirklield track. September, 1910. Time, .'^ 'minutes, 19 45 seconds.
The only car that ever covered one hundred miles, without a slop,
in less than 105 minutes, on a one-mile circular dirt track, in Canada, was
a "McLaughlin-Buick." Time, 104 minutes. 4.' seconds. Driver. K.
Burnian.    I'lace, Montreal.
Model 19, in September, 1910, won the Oldsmobile Trophy, covering 140 miles without a stop, and scoring 997 points out of a possible  1000.
There is no car in Canada, today, that holds su main' road and
track records as the " McLaughlin-Buick," and when better or'faster cars
are made, we will have something to do with their making.
McLauglin-Buick Cars Are Dependable on
Every Road
PR IC ES   ON   A P P LIC A T I ON
\mW*****\      **\\W 1 *y y^ "■'
BfeL-L-a___   *'            __
_H                  mam ^e*****W&r£>r'     _•*__?
f*^ »_* &	
**'                   • fltfl-HB-H-        _H
***     ^k   ''       i'J&^"**rM
•im., Ill llllttlTT—1
■'"      V j W''    ■
^_§N^: -
.1. McNabb's Residence
A. J. Ilalniont's Residence
I'.. Paterson's Residence '31
OFFICE PHONE 66
RESIDENCE PHONE 135
City Transfer  and  Warehouse
Company
W.   E.   WORDEN.   Proprietor
w
e Are Age
Bank Head
nts
i un
For
Briquet!
M
Taber Sufi
1    M.I
1,
rlibi idm 8 1.
■ 11,11.
eels
Soft i •>
1
Giant Powdt
1     l
Cnn
olidated   Vii
Ice. _ti
orta
Wood
Distributing Agents For
VV. J. Guru Co.. I.nl.
Stone £-> Wellington
Toronto
R. V. RithetfG' Co.
Victorlu
I.. T. Newburn &Co,, Ltd.
Cnlgnry
.Ins. Turner fr Co,
Hamilton
The Knight Sugur Co., Ltd.
Raymond
Foley tiros. & Lnrseti Co.
Winnipeg
All Orders for Draying promptly attended to.      Baggage Stored.
CRANBROOK, B. C.
OFFICE i BAKER STREET
ESTABLISHED 1904
CO   TO
J. Manning
POST OFFICE GROCERY STORE
- FOR -
Royal  Blend
Coffee
and   Tea
That is Appetising, Stimulating
and  Healthful
Next Post Office
(>anbrook, B. C.
"A home for men away
from home"
OPEN   TO   PUBLIC   DAY  AND   NIGHT
Sleeping accommodation for 40
men
Grill open to public night anil day
First class service
Breakfast      •      30c
Dinner        -        35c
Supper 30c
Short Order Prices Moderate
Bowling Alley
Shower and Tub Baths
Pool Table
Reading and Reception Rooms,
etc., open till 10.30 p. in.
Membership fee $10.00 a year
Letters of introduction given to associations
all over the world The   Royal    Bank   of   Canada
The Royal Bank of Canada was incorporated in ISOO,      It has an authorized capital of
$10,000,000,   aggregate  assets  $05,000,000,    The  above   engraving   represents  the
Cranhrook branch, which is under  the  management  of   Mr. I). D. Mcl.aws,
and an able stall' of assistants.
Prairie   View   East   of   and   Adjoining   City   of   Cranhrook
FACTS   ABOUT
FARMING
Heeding of Spring wheat an well aa
tbe sowing of other cropa depends entirely upon thc opening ol spring, as
it is earlier some years than others.
It ia usually commenced about tlle
lst ol April and fall whent about tbe
middle of August. Knit wheat is
grown quite extensively anil this is
looked upon as an ideal full wheat
country, thc usual yield being shout
:to bushels to thc acre.
The vegetables produced iu this
district in quality nml quantity are
exceptionally good. Ten tons of potatoes per acre is nn average crop,
sugar beets have given remarkable re-
tnitts and this could readily be made
one ol thc staple industries of this
district. On account of the large
lumbering operations carried on here
a great quantity has to be shipped
into tlie country.
Thin is, besides, an excellent stock
raising country, there being so large
n free range, supplied with lakes and
tine wild feed. Sheep have lieeli
brought in during recent yeara, and
on account of the success met witli,
there is likely to lie a greater Interest taken in the raising of tllis stock
from now on.
NATURE OF THU  LAND
CRANBROOK    HOCKEY   TEAM
Champions   Crow's   Nest    Pass   League   l'MO-11
WINNERS OF lll.RCHMER CUP
TOI' ROW-Ri'itillng from Left
v-l',,',.. ll.Scnlt, Sparc. J O. I'liieiin. Mgr
SECOND   ROW
I    WIlU II   II   Kills. I    I'.'im
Ii I'ye, K  Wins      lit M, Minus (,„,
THIRD ROW
W   I . McGregor, Cemre       J  I   Sims. I'.
CRANBROOK BASEBALL CLUB
A «   Pelerine. Trainer
I' l. M. Hli.,. II,
South East Kootenay may be aptly Champions of Interior British Columbia and  Inland  Empire
View   of   the   Rocky   Mountains   as   seen   from   Cranbrook
described as a triangular valley, with
the International boundary as its
base and southern boundary, the
rocky mountains on the East, the
Selkirks on thc west.
It is tlie llrst fruit bearing section
of Urltish Oolumbla reached after
leaving the plains ot Alberta. The
country is a park-like wooded country, niul generally speaking a buggy
cau lie driven through tlie timber almost anywhere. On each side of tlie
valley is a great range ol tlle Itocky
mountains, which rise steeply from
their base. Prom the base tlie laud
runs east and west in level
tcrrnceB. dropping by degrees,
until it reaches tbe level
of the Kootenay river, which runs
nortli and south through thc center
of the vnlley. These terraces constitute the bench lands, and are inter-
coursed with streams and creeks, upon which heaver have worked extensively in tbe past, forming rich hay
land of loamy soil in places, which
are now nearly all occupied as mixed
farms, gay, fall wheat, fruit, etc. On
the sides of the larger rivers running
through this district are large areas
of bottom land, clear to a great extent, and partly covered with a
growth ol poplar and willow. These
make rich bay producers and are sub-
irrigated from the river seepage. Tlie
majority of the land in this district
however,  is the bench  land,  the best
ami richest of which is slightly w I-
i'iI'inui now being cleared rapidly nil
over the district. Wherever timber is
lound, a good sub-soil can he looked
for; tlie soil is n rich loam, tlie product of ages of decaying vegetable
mntter, and a small percentage of
clay. It is close grained, yet very
loose and loamy wheu worked; underlying tliis soil is a very deep
stratum of gravel cemented together
witli a glacial moraine. Tliis is impervious to moisture and assists the
top soil to retain its moisture. These
bench lands are generally slightly
sloping, making the under-drainage
conditions all that could he desired.
This land can be cleared and made
ready tor plowing at an average cost
of from 130.110 to $00.00 per acre depending upon the size and quantity
of the stumps. Thc best crops have
been raised from these bench lands,
and only very exceptionally has a
year gone by when irrigation has
been found necessary. However, there
is plenty ol water for tllis process
and iiiiiny irrigation systems are now
going in.
Tlie wild products of tliis soil consist of four varieties of native grasses, namely, wild timothy, red top,
hunch grass und vetch or pen vine.
These grasses grow thickly on the
ground and In ninny places are more
thnn knee high, They grow abundantly under the timber, bnt it tins
boen proved thai, after tlie timber
hns been rut down, tlie bunch grass
grows up stronger, forcing any weeds
ur weiik timber grasses away, killing
them altogether. Wild cherries,
strawberries, sarvis berries, buckle
berries uml raspberries also thrive on
this soil.
1910
TOP ROW
Mutiny, pitcher       Sullivan, 3rd tunc        .1 Utiles, U
Ardell, pitcher 1'iilte
SECOND  ROW
Stimuli, rlitlil Drill              Nellinn, left held
l.niiilhcrii, 2ml ba-., ,1 iilrcher
.hurl itnp
25,011    leet   of   Logs
.     c
 .. _«____>
I            'Ta***********
Jlii-Jitll  lllllllini,.'        1
«&*g7           1
; j^^^Bnililii
SmW'T '            '       '''■'■ -'■*
Cranbrook    from    Uaker   Hill J   I.   DAVIS. Cicn. Mn
lectric TOASTERS
leetrie IKONS
lectric FANS
leetrie COOKERS
lectric FIXTURES
DAVIS    BROS
Electric   Company,   Limited
Everything    Electrical
CORPORATION    LIGHTING    SYSTEMS   INSTALLED
Cranbrook and Fernie
HEAD   OFFICE:    CRANBROOK,   B. C.
P. O. Drawer Q. Telephone 121
WIRING IN ALL ITS
BRANCHES
ONLY  EXPERTS
EMPLOYED
ALL    WORK
GUARANTE E D
Jas. A. Leask & Son
GENERAL  MERCHANTS
Cranhrook, B. C.
FOR CASH ONLY
We   guarantee   everything
we sell, and deliver
goods C. O. D.
PATRONIZE    US
AND  SAVE   MONEY
JAS. A. LEASK  & SON
Cash Grocers
Three minutes walk from Hospital
Telephone No. 124
tt.-
Fred. A. Russell
FRUIT  and   FARM   LANDS
A  SPECIALTY
FRUIT, GRAIN OR STOCK FARM
2131 acres, 6 miles from Cranhrook, 2 miles from Wycliffe.
250 acres under cultivation
1200 acres more ready for the plow
Crnnbrook Exhibit nt the Dry Enroling: Coiiki-cks liclil nt Spokane, Wash., I'M!)
300 Acres Timber Land, estimated to have 'A million feet of saleable
timber, Pine and Fir
Not more than 200 neres waste land on the whole tract.
This tract has a river frontage of over 2 miles, there are 5 small lakes
on the property, the largest will cover about 15 acres. Good frame buildings.
Farm is nearly all fenced and cross fenced with post and wire. No low or
marshy land on the whole tract as it is all BENCH LAND, lying from 100 to
ISO feet above the River.   The Soil is a dark sandy loam, with a clay sub-soil.
For Price, terms anil complete information, address or call on
Fred. A. Russell
CRANBROOK       -      -      B. C. BULL RIVER POWER CO
I
12,000-horse   Power  Plant,   will   furnish   Lights  and
Power in East Kootenay
In the beginning God Raid. "Let
there be light, and there was light.'
Then the great atory ol "The Creation" in the tlrst chapter of the flrst
book of all books, describes the making of the land and water and the
division of the one from the other;
and the second chapter states that
there was no rain "and a mist wan
mused to rise up from the land to
water the plants which grew out cf
the land."
This, to some, misty story, has
b en repeating itself ever since,
though the mist seems to rise more
from the waters of the great deep
than out of the land, as related hi
the great "Story of Creation" just
<l noted.
This rising of the mist from the
ocean, and its descending again upon the land, is the foundation upon
which rests the existence of all animal and vegetable life, but it is notable that tbe first thing called upon
to "Be" was light, and without the
sun, tbe source ot light, this perpetual rising and falling of the mists
would cease and we would not    Be."
Our egotism leads us to put a very
high value upon "We" and for nny-
thing to be without reference to
"We" is not to be considered seriously.
Light and water, what would become of us without them; and to
what uses will we yet he able to
put them?
Taking the advances made along
the lines of discovery, during the
last century as a guide, we bave a
wide margin within which to speculate. Since man has been able to
leave behind him a written record of
passing events, some six thousand
years bave rolled by, but how many
thousands of years had previously elapsed, during which the genus homo
had advanced to the stage of being
able to write down his own achievements for the edification of his descendants, can not be definitely determined.
We of the present century pat ourselves upon the backs and our egotism grows more egotistical wben we
contemplate tbe advances made during our own times, along the paths
of what we call discovery and invention, and adaptation of elements
and powers, which, evidently, have
exizted as long as we bave as a race;
but we do not seem to he a whit
ashamed of tbe fact tbat we have
heen so long finding out the things
which seem so evidently to have been
placed within our reach, and which
have been wasted energies, so far as
our knowledge of tbem is concerned,
from the beginning.
Measurements of time, like measir.-
ments of space are great or small by
comparison, and comparison, we are
told is odious. We bad better not go
into a comparison of the time it bas
taken for enlightened humanity to
reach its present pinacle of perfection. It might shatter our egotism
to sucb an extent as to injure its
future usefulness.
The circumference of the earth
seems a long distance when compared to the distance from home to our
usual place of business; but how that
distance shrivels up to almost nothingness, when compared to the distance from earth to pole star.
So with measurements of time.
Wben we think of the lapse of years
between our youth and our old age,
we are proud to think of it as a
long period; but when compared with
the length of time of which we bave
a human record, our egotism is apt
to be rudely shaken; and if Bad egotism were not made of the toughest
of human fibre it would loir- since
bave ceased to be tbe main spring of
aggressive action.
Returning to "Mother Karth,,' let
uh direct our thoughts to that particular part of bar surface lately re-
harnessing and breaking this wild either of which will have a capacity
turbulent Btream to a power plant, of exciting fields of all three genera-
True, he had only a pittance witb tors under full toad,
which to begin, and there was no Tlle wheelB wj[, b_ Q. th|. p, l|w|g
market then in sight for his power type( velout CftflM( wiU) hi|_(| |m;s.
when generated; but he calculated ,
that,   while be was engaged  at   his
task   of raising sufficient funds
doing tbe necessary work to be
and
sure hydraulic governors acting upon
each unit, to which will he attached
automatic  by-pass for  relief   su
fl that the bypass will  be opened   by
position to sell power, tbat the conn-  the govornor ,,. eXftct |jroportlon  t,
try  would  be growing and  the  need  the opening Qf m RatM
of cheaper power    would be growing
Scenes in the vicinity of Bull River
ferred to by an eminent hydro-
grapher, F. F. Henshaw, as British
Columbia, within whose limits he
estimates that there is hydraulic
power to the extent of ten million
horse power which can be utilized for
the benefit of tbe citizens of that
province.
Close upon tbis statement comes
another from an Italian Professor,
who has been studying the possibilities of cheapening the production of
electrical power, in which he declares
that within a very short time this
cost will be reduced to one sixteenth
of its present cost.
These are startling statements, but
people are becoming used to startling statements.
British Columbia, being a mountainous country with its lower level
at the sea-shore, and its highest regions lying against the backbone of
the continent, has more than ' the
average share of such possibilities,
but if we were to disregard national
boundaries and take the territory
drained by the Columbia river and
its branches, with all its windings
from its source in East Kootenay to
its mouth, we would have a water
basin equal, if not greater, than any
province in the Dominion of Canada.
The greatest of western rivers, with
its tributaries, flowing from both
sides of the International line, would
produce as much power aa Mr. Henshaw has estimated could be produced from the streams to supply
power for the whole of the province.
It haa been within the present century that any appreciable advance
along tbe line of improving these
vast sources of power have been
made. In Southeast Kootenay, one
of the chief tributaries of the Columbia, the Kootenay, which rises at
the western foot of the rocky mountains, and in its course to the larger
stream passes   within   two miles   of
!J'. i
i^-r,„^^^HM
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•
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iM&'Mm'W
*\*a*\s***W*WJ     ]Ns_NhI  K^^'   ;At!
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Spill-Way, Bull River Flume
with his plant.
He wus not mistaken. He had gone
through the experience of many another promoter; he had gone to bed
upon more than one occasion witb
the capital in his bank of faith depleted to zero, but rising in the
morning, he would tind that in some
mysterious way his faith in tbe ultimate success of bis project had been
replenished with sufficient balance to
enable him to make one more day's
drawing upon it, and he would go to
work again with dauntless courage.
To abrevfate a lengthy narrative,
Mr. Henderson has succeeded in interesting men of sufficient capital to
make the venture a verity.
From the six thousand dollara of
his own, which be unhesitatingly
threw into the boiling waters, be has
been able to organize a company
with a capital of 12,000,000, over a
quarter of a million of which has already been expended in actual improvements upon the property.
A flume 9200 feet in length has bean
constructed to take tbe water from
the river a short distance above the
upper end of the canyon, and drop it
to the river bed at tbe lower end. A
head of 275 feet is thus secured, with
At the spill-way, shown in the accompanying photograph, there 1ms
been placed an ingenious contrivance,
called a skimmer, which in designed
to remove all ice from the water lie-
fore it drops the 270 feet to tbe outlet, where the power wheels are to be
Installed. Tbe tube through which
the water drops from the Hume Into
the T shaped cylinder at the bottom,
in to be nine foet in diameter, of
steel and set in tho T where the
power wheels are set.
This T will rest upon reinforced
concrete, which, jn turn, rests upon a
solid bedrock of natures own placing,
which will effectually resist the powerful "thrust" of so large n column
of water. The skimming device is
rendered necessary because of tbe
slush ice which runs in considerable
quantities during the winter mouths.
The lowest water How is also during
the month of December, January ami
February of eacb year. Tbe calculations for tbe power supply have heen
based upon the flow of tbe river during these months of lowest volume.
Compared with the pioneer plant of
the Kootenays, that at Bonn ington
Falls, which has been in operation
this new plant at Bull river canyon,
a flow of water sufficient to fill   the since the   heKil»linK   <>* tllR century,
flume, which is thirty feet wide   at haB   an   »va.lable   power   of   15,000
tirst named plant. Tbc volume of
water is very much larger at Monti head
the intake, by seven and a half feet  horM-  as aKa(!iBt tne 20'000 Ht  thfl
in depth.
The depth is maintained throughout
the entire length of the flume but the **-n&an< ■»'■■     the different
width is gradually decreased to   six-  nearlv l"*1""™, ■*« volume,
teen feet. When the Bonnlngton plant was in-
The grade of the flume permits of a stalled, all the mines in the district
flow of twelve feet per Becond, equal were operated by steam power,   and
amounted to ahout uouo horse power.
Now all tbe steam power used in that
to 1500 second feet.
This steady flow gives a power
equal to the pull of tbirty thousand mstrict l8a small steam P"">t »'
horses. In weight it equals forty-
eight tons per second; 172,800 tons
per hour, or 8,294,400,000 pounds per
day. All this weight iB drawn up
from the surface of the earth and
the sea, hy the quiet hut resistless
power of the sun, and when we   con-
Bull River
Trail, used for hoisting and pumping. Now the power plant is furnishing power to the extent, of 18,OOD
per day, anil doing it at atiiuit one
fourth tlie cost of steam.
When   Mr.     Henderson Htarted his
Bull river scheme lie was regarded hs
sider the size of the water shed upon a visionary Iiy the wise old timers,
which It is dropped, to start its Jour- and he has been aski'd times without
ney hack to the ocean again, as com- numher,    "Where are you going    to
pared to   the    whole   surface ot the sell your power when you are able to
globe,  upon which that sun is   con- produce it?"
stantly   exerting   its   power   in the But   he   knew   that   power at   one
same way—well It is stupendous, this (ourth the COKt „f stca„, w(n,i,| „ntl
source of light, and after   all   Mr. ltB   ow„   market,     nnd   already the
Henderson has succeeded In diverting citles of   Fernie ami Oranbrook   are
                                                                                                                                an inflnltlsmal portion of It from its anxiously   waiting   for   portions   of
that river's   head,   crosses over   the stalled a second of theBe plants upon     This prospector,   Joe   Hooier   by natural course long enough to bring that cneap power, and in a district
Imaginary     boundary,   changes     its a tributary of the Kootenay,   about name,  not the  "fighting  Joe"   who into UBe tor nmn" the farthest point of which is     not
mind and returns   to the   Canadian  eighteen miles, as the crow flies, from   won fame by hunting for tall timber    xt '8 8a,e to predict, however, thac over forty     miles    from the   plant,
side and finally delivers Its troubled  the City of Oranbrook, now well es- at Ohancellorville, not finding   what Mr'  Henderson has been much more there is now in use steam plants ag-
waters to the   Oolumbla   jiiBt before ta'hlished as the commercial and min-  he was looking for in the valley of concerned about his own power     to gregating not less th-.n 20,000 horse
that stream crosses the International  inK centre "' Southeast Kootenay.      the   Kootenay   took   a   trip up the make otne™ see what he so vividly power, and who shnll say that what
boundary,                                              T.,iB tributary   of   the   Kootenay   Uu"    Rlver-      He   carae   "Pon   the SaW '" the tl",lblinK water8' than he happened at Bonnlngton is not going
Th. flrit no.., „..n, lrnm _«,„„ t    "'»"   Hive*,    rises   in   the   Rockies,'1""1    r'™   «■*»■.    a deeP'    roc'ly  wa» a'»"«t ch-.s lent force, withoiu to be repeated at Hull river canyon.
The flrst power plant from which to                                      ...              mine   through which th. w.ters   ,,,  which we would he helpless. _t                ,            . ,   .,   .
mmerate electrical  nower   from   the n"wa   '"   *   southwesterly   direction K"rKe' tnrougti which tne waters   of                                       " These two pIantB| wlth that     JU8t
••                    i ii     i                             ^ empties its waters into the iarg- tlmt "lreBm churned and plunged for     Being a mere man he has his share established     ly     the city of Nelson.
er   stream   a few miles   above   the a lllBtance of two miles,  making   a of egotism,  which, well directed,   Is near the Bonnlngton plant aggregate
town   of   Wardner    a point on   the ''°cent o( nearly three hundred feet in  to result    in   the divergence of this In    round   numbers,   fifty    thousand
,   .,      .              ,   .,    ,,      .,      that short distance.   It was a grand (treat natural   force   from   its usual horse power, ami nre but the begin.
Crow s NcBt branch   of  the Canadian       , ,                  ,              ,
Paciflc    railway,    where    that   road ""    inspiring sight to see the green course   long   enough   to make it   of nings of what is to take place in the
waters    in their   agitation   as they still more use to himself and his fel- near future upon the Kootenay,  the
sped downward    in their   course   to lows. Columbia and all their branches,
the level of the sea. But we have strayed away from the We 'earn  thnt contracts are being
waters of the Kootenay river, was
established at Bonnlngton Falls, a
few miles below tbe city of Nelson,
about the beginning of the century.
This   plant   belongs   to the   West  crosses the Kootenay river.
Kootenny Power snd Light company,     Tlle   Bul| river   drains a territory,
and it,Is with electrical currents from  much „( which hns been set aside as
it that tbe mines and smelters     at
a   game   preserve, by the provincial
Hooker was a man of vivid imssin- """"''•     H   ha8 been mlllt °' »lmhcr 8nllcltol    ,r,,m    the following places
Rossland,   Trail,   Grand Porks   and gOTerlll_ent    Thl„   nervation  pro- "tlon, and he carried the picture  of c,,t ,rora the 800 8CrCB "' """>   a"- ,ln<l corporations; Crnnbrook Bicctric
other  points,  as far  distant as   84   tectB the ttmberr wll,ch jn tur„   „r0. the possibilities his mind saw in that ioinlnK thc c"">™ aml belonging to Light   ami   Power   Co.,    BOO   horse
miles are supplied   with   the energy   tectB   tne   water   supply of the'com- rushing torrent,    back to Wisconsin, tne company.   It rests upon an   al- Power,
wh'ch operates   large   plantB, lights pany which has undertaken to h-irncss "here   he   unfolded   the   film   upon
mines and towns.                                   tne    power   created    by   the fall of which he had impressed his ideas   of
The City of Nelson, not being satis-
watcr through the Hull river canyon,  the possHlilitlcs   of   a   great   power
fled with the rate charged by the A few years ago, when this broken
Bonnlngton company, bas established territory was looked upon by the for-
a plant ot Its own on the opposite  tunc hunter   ns   only a timber   in.il
mineral  producer, a prospector from
most   continuous   bed   of solid rock Tbe City nl fcornio ■r'1111 horso power.
from  Intake to outlet,  thus making Hosmer Milieu Mill horse powor.
one of the   most   secure foundations Power ami  light  will   be  lniiiishel
producing plnnt, to a friend, one A. to ''" """"' '" connection with any to the following towns: Kurt, Steele,
K. Henderson, n scotcli miller with a
hank of the   Kootenay,    near    Bon
nlngton, and is heing furnished   with   "the other side
light and power of its own production, Its street car line, long Idle, is
now being operated by the city.
' as the American is
often designated, came to the Koo
tenny country to look for tlmbir till
good knowledge ui hydrnlllics, In    n
general way, with the result that tile  thi
Cannle Hcot enme to see for himself. Minneapolis,  to whom the  writer Is
This was in 11104, anil the next year obligated   for   much   of the luformii-
fouiiil Hendorson settled at tlie foot llon contained in this article states
of the Canyon  with bis liunily,   six  tlmt there will be three units of, an
ther such enterprise. Morysvlllo,  Klmberly,  lllko,  .Inllniy.
A.  L. llogart, 0,  ES,,   president ol and   Moyle.    Many    mini's,  ami  snw-
I'ower Knginrering Company   ol '"Ills   are   nls"   Investigating     the
source and distribution nf powor.
enough to be   profitable for nil ling thousand dollars in rash, unit a de- proximately   4G0II horse   power each,
In East Kuotenay there is being in-  purposes. t.i _iu»li.u tu make bis fortune   by   and two direct current exciters units,
We iiiiiI,'i';l,iiiiI (lint it is tile intention of tlie Company to iiuve tholr
plant installed uml m operation soma
time this lull Windsor  Hotel
■*v«H
. .   '.
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Pk^
**%%**%' ******
\WL\ ***m****w.
'i*H
*?>-:■     ^L^Lm
^TK
11   s   MATHER
<- Now under the Management of II. S. Mather.
i! A large and attractive
Hotel of quiet elegance in
all it-, appointments.
WITH   A   CUISINE   OF   SUPERIOR   EXCELLENCE
FORT   STEELE,
B.   C.
Imperial Hotel
B. W. WERDEN, Prop.
Travellers to Fort Steele will find the
Best of Accommodation at the
IMPERIAL   HOTEL
Fort Steele
B. C.
Mrs. John T. Galbraith's Residence
Bridge at Tonyville
Port Steele Ih situated on the Koo-
ti'imy river, and is the centre of n
fine agricultural  and  mining section,
The country around Kurt Steele is
composed of undulating hills Bloping
towards the Kootenay river. The
vnlley uf the. Kootenay in the vicinity
of Steele is fairly open, and lias u
width of from six tu twelve miles,
part bottom and part bench lands.
There ih a considerable amount of
good agricultural land between Port
Steele and Canal Plata, n large por
tion of which Is covered witb pine
forests.
There nre a large number of nice
farms  in   the  neighborhood  ol   Porl
i
\
Steele, the produce nf which readily
Hints o market in the mining and
lumbering camps of the district.
The mineral development in the vicinity of Steele can scarcely he said
to have as yet reached the mining
stage, with the exception of the placer areas of Wild Horse Creek. Por
Home years past the quart'/ mines of
Wild Horse ('reek have been developed
tr> n stage tbat with transportation
would become shipping mines, hut
the owners are not content—perhaps
with necessity—to await the Hteel being laid on the Kootenay Central
railway the road bed of which is now
constructed several miles north of tbe
town.
'M
Kootenay River, below Fort Steele
Kootenay River
Riverside Avenue
I •,
SALADA TEA
post office box 891
telephone 109
ALBERTA'S BEST FLOUR
East Kootenay Produce and
Provision House
J.   D.  Murray,    Proprietor
CRANBROOK, B. C.
Tudhope Buggies, Autos, Sleighs and Cutters
Emerson Ploughs and Implements
Fish Wagons
Groceries of All Kinds, Wholesale and Retail
Harness and Saddlery
Flour and Feed
Stoves and Ranges
Tents and Awnings
Hardware, Etc.
it'?;-* '."■'/ '■ 7,'■).',;•&,■■'.' >.;-■;..',.■:).,:,'/7--<i.■7r7$\-.'•'.'■■,.$:•£
Iff**
i ukiA ______
'Ull' SlPiiitriii!
'Jfc^*
i   -
^1
East Kootenay Produce and Provision House
One ol tbe largest and most prosperous firms In Cranhrook is that of
the Kast, Kootenay produce and Fro
vision House. It is little over a year
ngo since the firm made its entry into the city,
Mi. J. I). Murray, proprietor and
manager is a very energetic business
man, uptodate in everything, and hts
business ts conducted on lines that
ensure success.
The stores and warehouses of this
firm covers an area of 70x120 (net,
and are two stories in height.   Here
Is found e,-er.tthing that goes to
make up a monster uptodate general
incrchftndlse house.
The grocery department is under
the management of Mr. I). J. Beac'.i,
who has bad years of experience In
this line, and his department carries
a line of goods that are not surpassed In quantity or quality In Dritish
Columbia.
The Kootenay Produce and Provision House are sole agents for the
now famous "Kveret's AutomoMle,"
made by the Tudhope Co., of Orlllla,
Cannda. No greater automobile
value can he had in Canada, and no
automobile meets Canadian roads
nsids and service so exactly and completely as the "Everett." These Intrinsic values put tbis car as tirst
choice among sli ears.
This Company is also solo agont.s
for tbe Umpire stoves, ranges and
furnaces. The largest, shipment of
this kind, ever made tn tbe Kootenny, was mnde by the Kast Koot.eniy
Produce anil Provision House. It Is
to look this line over carefully,   and
we believe thnt you will lie interest      eison   Lift  Implements,  and  can  fur
ed.
This Company is also sole agents
for the famous "Tudhope" wagons,
Ttie Tudhope Oo,, have been making
wagons, buggies and sleighs for fifty
seven years. Tbey manufactured
wheels for guns used In Houth Africn
by Lord Roberts' army. Mvory men
In ('rnnbrook nil use the Tudhope
Huiggies nnd wagons.
(iur department for agricultural im
plements is the (urgent in the Kon
tonays.   We are agents for tbe   Km
iiiHli   you   everything that   ynu may
need in the Implement   line,
Wi also cany the largest stock of
hay. grain and feed In the district,
and our prices are reasonable, When
in need "f rood call and get out'
lU'lccs.    Prompt delivery   guaranteed,
We know the needs and necessities
of a rapidly growing district, and as
we dcK.re to obtain Uuk Hade, we
mm to rn rev a full and complotc line
of implements, general merchandise,
hay nnd grain, otc, so ns to enable
im tn give ottr customers lust what
they want in the shortest 11mm* pos
ulble.
_
_____
******** Christ Church
The work of the Church of England
was begun  in  1898.
If the writer's information has been
correctly given, the Brat ser. Ices were
held m a building erected by the
Hank ot Montreal, and now occupied
ny  the C.  C.  S.
In September, 1898, the Church wus
begun, ami opened for Bervlce lo January 1899.
The parish was organised under tlie
name of Christ Church, January 39,
1899, the tirst parish meeting being
held ia the new church on that day
and evening.
The first service m tbe church waa
held by the Rev, 0. a. Procunlan, M.
a , then vn.nr of Port Steele, and
now   rector  of  Revelstoke.
The   tlrst    church    wardens      ware
Messrs.    J.    W.   H.    Smyth',  and  .1
Hutchison.
The first sidesmen were Messrs.
Wales,  Hedley and  Keay.
In April L899 application was made
to the diocese to allow the parish to
be   represented   :u   the   Synod.
At the following Kaster meeting
Col. Baker was elected delegate to
the Synod.
of those present at the tirst ser/ices
uf the Church not one is now a re
sident uf  Cranbruuk.
Nut une of the officers ,.f the church
in  its  tirst  year  i_  now a  resident.
And only part uf the officers of the
second year are now reildtn.s, Mesirs
Morris and Pigott.
In the early records of the parish
Uie ladies receive thanks and prai.se
fur their valuable services, for their
part in providing the financial needs
ol the parish.
In 1899 and 1900 monthly services
were held hy the Vicar of Fort
Steele.
lu 1900 a fervent appeal was made
tn the Bishop to send to the parish
a resident clergyman. This appeal
was re-iterated  in   L900 anil  1901,
In this latter year arrangements
were made with Mr. .1. K. Armstrong
as Lay Header, to hold monthly services until tbe appointment of an
Incumbent. Mr. Armstrong being
then a resident of Port Steele.
During April 1901 the llev. H.
Iteacbam was appointed by the
Bishop, as Incumbent of tbe parish,
tn undertake the work April 12th.
Immediately after Mr. Heacham's
arrival a parish meeting was held and
officers elected.
Tlie three years following tbe appointment or the Itev. II. Beach am,
were yenrs of marked growth and
progress.
hi July 1905 Mr. Beacham resigned
tlie palish tn accept a position In
Knirview, Vancouver.
He was succeeded by Lhe Rev, J.
S. A. Bastin who began bis work in
March Ot that year.
Mr. Bastin remained until the end
of the year, and then, owing to 111
health resigned the parish.
The Rev, 61. P. Flewelling was appointed by the Bishop, at tbe re |Uest
of the congregation.
Air. Fie welling began his work in
January 1906, Of those who were
.then members of the congregation, a
large number are not now residents,
others have come and have taken
their places.
The work still goes on.
Ttie congregation has increased in
numbers, as has also the Sunday
school.
There is need at tbe present time of
ii larger church Possibly another
yeai -nay note the beginning of a
more commodious building
Knox Church
years here. However thc church was
redecorated and painted inside and
out and many improvements were
completed during his stay. Thc remaining debt was cleaned up, aad the
mortgage publicly burnt, so that it
will he seen that despite tbe inefficiency of Mr. Hughes as a peace maker,
he left tbe church free of debt and all
the various societies iu a sound working order. Mr. Hughes has gone, and
now the members look forward to a
period of success above anything they
have been accomplished before. Tbe
Rev. Dunham is coming to Oranbrook
and it is expecting great things from
him. He is no stranger here, as a
few years back he was serving the
Marysville. Kimberly district. The
report comes from those who know,
thnt Mr. Dunham has a great future
before bim.
He comes with a reputation worthy
of his appointment to the Oranbrook
church and will undoubtedly be capable to meet the expectations and
confidence of his people. Oranbrook
should feel grateful to conference In
sending such an able pastor to this
city, aud it is tn he hoped that all
citizens will give Mr. Dunham a hearty band shake and wish him a prosperous time during his stay iu the
"Sunshine City of Cranbrook."
Mr. Dunham is at present shut up
at Dawson city and probably will imt
be here till next month. Services
will be beld regularly till he arrives.
Baptist Church
Methodist Churci
Catholic Church
Knox Church
Christ Church
preached    the    dedicatory service     n  available, but making a fair average influence and membership has steadi
L906.    Ir. the following year Mr. Fur- from     those   available,   and   adding ly  increased.
time resit-ued.   Rev, C. *'■ Main, who thereto the cost of property we reach     As is the custom with Methodism
had been two years in the Yukon,
received a unanimous call and took
charge uf the congregation in January ,.f the same year.
Mr. Main has proved himself an energetic pastor, and his preaching is
characterized by a marked ability and
a total for the eleven years of $.4,700 the
or   in   round    numbers    say   $25,OUO and in the change of circuits eonfer-
What has been the spiritual or moral ence appointed tbe Rev. W. H. Bow-
gain of those years eternity alone can ering to this district.   Mr.  Dowering
tell.   We only hope that this corona- continued the good work which   was
tion year of our most precious King started  hy his  predecessor,  and was
may  be also  the   crowning   year   of a general favorite with all who knew
tually  become  citizens of  this great
country of ours.
Mr. West man's career here was per-
pastors  are appointed  annually,   •»«" t,ie *»ost successful, and at one
earnestness.    The    congregation    has blessing ami influence for this church.
increased   from   tlie  original   member- — ■
ship of 2ti to 146,
The contributions to the several
schemes of the church are well sustained.
Methodist  Church
Baptist Church
Thirteen     yeai
first   Prwbytet i
July 189!   the
^^^^^^^^^ mer      was   held
In Oranbrooii It.-, Mi Mcpherson
came from tlu* Toronto presbytery to
lake charge ol the Crow's Nest line
in ttie interest uf tin* Presbyterian
church, He remained after organizing
a congregation one month, He took
steps to build a church which at the
present time is used as a Sunday
school room. After his departure,
services were conducted by student
missionaries, among whom may he
mentioned     Mr.   Tanner, Mr. Lalng,
Mr    Mi'Call.   the   Rev.   Mr.   Ball,    Who
continued  in charge of the congrega
Lion until the church was completed
A call was thett extended to tho
RoV, W. ti. VV. Fortune, n( Oak Lake,
Manitoba, During the tune Mr. Foi
tune was in charge the congregation
increased so that it. became necessary
In btltld ii larger place of worship
Rw.   in,    Gordon    (Ralph   Coonor)
With the building of a city comes
those numerous institutions which
foster the educational, political, social, moral nnd religious necessities
of life. Among these, as affecting
tbem in no small degree iH the Christian church. Tbat of the Baptist denomination began some ten or eleven
years ago under the auspices of the
Board of Missions of the United
States, Mr. Halford heing its first
minister. Like many other institutions the beginning was small, less - . .
than twelve constituting the first
membership of the church. With commendable energy and no small courage they set abuut securing a building for themselves, and iu 1901 had
the pleasure uf dedicating the building, which still does service, at a
cost of $2,500. Under the energetic
leadership of Mr. Auvaehe, its second
pastor, this amount was greatly reduced, aud ut the opening uf Mr.
Coodtleld's pastorate wholly extinguished, and very sunn after the
church set about securing the well appointed parsonage situated nn Norbury avenue, which, with the Improvements added represents an outlay in tbe neighborhood of $8,000.
Bo tba! altogether the Baptists own
property    valued at something   over
IT.UOll,
During the eleven years of its ex-
istance the church bus made marked
progross, being now not only self-
supporting, hnl contributing yenr by
yeai liberally tu its own missionary
iterestB of in-
.rt. Its pro-
the neighbor*
unnrod,   rrotwlthstand-
ilsmlBsals   by   letter   to
It ims numbered, ami
ii Its membership some
el tl ttons of the city who
nd   are doing splendid
work,   both   foi   Lhe   Church   and    the
community,
During the eleven years there have
-ome of these uf CoilrHI! bein/ silppl'CH
in interim periods    The present   nas
tor If   ''   Hpollet expresses himself as
hopeful     foi      tbe     rontinuatiee   of    all
good work, and uf so behaving   lum
HOlf thai  be may  I tin- day of short
pastoratos foi Cranbrook Baptists.
Rinet figures as   Lo   tii
That  the   moral  and   religious  wel
fare of Cranbrook  is  well  nourished  Cranbrook  their
will   he  seen   by   the   photographs    of
the   several    churches   reproduced in
this paper.
The    various   denominations which  Wn(
are represented in Oranbrook are in a church   socially   and financially
him.
The church maintained a healthy
moral and spiritual standard, and in
building the parsonage for the Rev'.
Bowerlng the trustees showed to
great confidence in
its future prosperity.
Following the removal of Mr. Dowering came   the   Rev.    J. Thompson,
increased    tbe   strength of tbe
his
flourishing condition, ami intending organizing influence went yet a step
residents or settlers with strong re- further in placing Methodism perman-
ligious tendencies will lind Cran- e,,tly in our city. After his stay with
brook's spiritual needs amply sup- Ua here we were fortunate in securing
plied. Not the least of these stands the services of the Rev. J. P. West-
Methodism, that branch of the church man.
founded   hy   Wesley,   and which   bas Mr. Westman is too well known   in
steadily  increased    until  today   they Cranbrook to need auy special intro-
are a power in themselves. duction in  these columns.    However,
Methodism started in Cranbrook as it may be mentioned thnt. he wns the
1899,    by tbe Rev. G. leading spirit in building the gymnas-
Smith, who in less than two yenrs in ium to meet tlie then need of a heal-
this then small village    waB    instru- thy recreation which wns necessary in
mental in building the present struc- keeping our hoys ofl the streets and
tnre.   The church wns opened in Nov- developing their muscle and intellect,
time it was seriously considered to
build a larger church, as the present
building was not sufficiently large
enough to seat tbe increasing numbers. Week by week chairs were pine-
ed in the aisles to accommodate those
who were unable to obtain seats. Mr.
Westman's popularity was constantly
increasing, then unfortunately for
Cranbrook he received a call to Vancouver, and Cranbrook Methodists
were the losers. Many members still
express thc belief tbat had he remained another year a new structure
would have been a certainty. At the
next meeting of Conference the Rev.
R. Hughes was appointed to continue
the great progressive work Mr. West-
man had relinquished, aud indeed in
tbis respect Mr. Hughes was quite
cai»able. Mr, Hughes lias only recently left Oranbrook for the purpose of
seeing the King's coronation, and all
Cranbrook residents will wish him a
good time.
Tbe methods used by him were
not conducive in mnking things go
smoothly and many of bis congregation failed to see the best side of his
endeavors, and the result was that
Methodism did not improve to any
great extent during his minisery, aud
nil thought of building a new church
Salvation Army
The Salvation army opened fire in
Cranlirook in 1907. Captain Moore
was in charge at tlmt time. Tbe present officers, Capt. and Mrs. Taylor
have been here about a year.
Much good has been accomplished
during the Army's stay in this city
hundreds of open air meetings bave
been beld, sick people have heen visited and a few unfortunate girls have
heen sent to the rescue homes.
Last Christmas tr?. Capt. at a request from a few generous people
who did not want to be known,
sought out those that were in need,
and provided them with Christmas
dinner and toys for the little ones.
Hundreds of garments have beea
received from those citizens who had
cast them off and passed on to those
who could make good use of tbem.
Captain Taylor and his comrades
have just finished their self denial effort when $240 was raised to help tbe
social work, etc., along.
The Captain has recently bought 14
instruments and is trying to form a
Salvation Army band in the city.
Whnt he needs n >w Is saved and sanctified young men who are prepared
to serve God in this way.
ember 1900, and   from   this time its and so   make   them   worthy   to even-  was dispelled during his stay of four
rdo
Htm i
of thi
have
i, as  well as
imlnattonal
lemborshfp i
of one hunni
''Ih
LIFE INSURANCE
POLICY
PAPA LOOK Ml) OUT
KOR BS
"and that's why mamma does'lit
have to work down t iwu like Benny's
mamma does, poor Benny, his pupa
didn't take nut
UFH INS UR A NOW POLICY
like your papa did, aad that's why
tbey art; ho poor." A little story,
but It carries it's nwa moral. If you
want to protect your family lu case
of denth, we wlll write a policy you
can afford to carry ami that will lie
paid If you die,
R.B.BENEDICT
Real Estate, Insurance
and   Loans
ArjiiRtroiift Avonm1
CRANBROOK, B.C.
Imperial  Bank
This cut. represents the new building  pOI'lal  Hank nf Canada Ib one of the
erected by the Imperial Hank nf Can    Strongest    financial     institutions    in
financial   ada fnr the transaction of its business Canada, aud   II, has been est* hi I ill «d
It hns slways taken an active part.
in the progress of tbu ('Ity and sur
rutiufliUK iiitrliil,
Mitlay     foi     thaav   years   were   uot  in  ths City al  Uistilieek,    ll*   Im-  at  i.i.  pwiut f«r  abeut  sisi years.
Pinna, specifications and Detail
Drawings.
Prame, brick, alone   and reinforced
Concrete Buildings,
.1. Y, HUOHOROFT,
Hoi (H
VKANimuUK,   b.   0
_■_, The  Prospector  Publishing Company
CRANBROOK,   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Our purpose in arranging to pub-
ish this illustrated edition nf Cranbrook and the near vicinity wns that
the people afar off could have placed
before tiieir minds something more
substantial than the usual prosaic
writings we so often meet with, advocating this and that in cold print;
We had another purpose in view, we
desired to let everyone in other
spheres, and otber parts of tbe country see at a glance the Wonderful
nnd luxurious country we bave iu
our midst.
We feel confident that upon a close
perusal of the business illustrations
given in the advertisements you will
see that Craubrook is no idle city,
hut one industrious and thriving,
full ot tlie life ami soul that goes to
make up a prosperous city of the
West.
Again, and still following carefully
tho trend of thought produced Ity the
illustrated matter given, they will
clearly see that the wonderful and
abundant vegetation is no idle dream
the people of Cranbrook are advocating, tint absolute facts which
can be easily substantiated, also material proof shown of its varied products.
At this tine it is well for us to
voice our thanks publicly to those
who have, be it small or large, given
tbeir services to us to help make tbis
illustrated edition a success. Also the
management want it made Known
how heartily they appreciate tbe unstinted help and support of the t-taff
whilst under thc strain of this extra
work. All have stood loyal in making this work of art something that
the city in which they dwell and the
ollicc in which they work feel they
can be proud of.
Cranbrook's local photographer,
Mr. J. R. Binning, without whose aid
it would have been impossible to produce s ** an edition, we especially
want to thtink for the ever-ready services he has rendered to us and the
excellent photos he has given us.
Sutlice   it   to   say  that out of   the
The Prospector Staff
whole of the photos that he produced for us the Engravers have not
returned a Blngle one as being at
fault, all have been eo perfect tbat
has greatly facilitated tbem in the
production of <o numerous a quantity
of engravings,
There is still another matter we
want to voice, and that is that the
whole ol this edition from lhe throe
colored cover (,. the innermost page
is all home production, printed and
published in the oflice ot the Prospector,   Craubrook,   Britlah  Columbia.
Our   Weekly
r. !•:. TURPIN, Pressman B. P. WALLACE, Compositor
W. S. STANLEY, Machine operator      A. II. GRACE, Editor F. M. CHRISTIAN, Gen. Manager
GRACIE HIGGINS, Mascot
It is tin' Intention ol tlio Pn spec
tor Co., to still inrili. r Imi r  tbe
appearand) ol the weekly edition, in
croaaing nt the aain'o thro tho mini
her uf columns if iridium niatttr,
niul particularly tlio news columns.
Our elTorts in the pa8t we le'.ieve
have heen appreciated, and it is our
determination to keop tho ta er In
thc forefront of the nowaraperB ol
Baat Kootonay. It is n iw re d weekly hy nearly ovorybody iu the district, and r.s population Incroascs wo
shnll ondcavar to keop thoroughly up
with the times, nud continre the
Prospector us the widest in circulation nnd thc weightiest in Intluenco in
the eastern pnrt of British ColumUa.
Our politics nre Conservative, und
thc general good of the people. Tiie
gonoral good thnt nun do we will
lind ourselves hound always t > praise
and uphold; the evil we shnll nttnek,
no matter in what quarter it may
raise its ugly head.
The Prospector Is the old. st paper
in South Rust Kootenay, nnd has
never missed nn issue during tlle
eighteen nnd a hull yenrs it has
heen ill existence. There ure hut
seven papers in this province that
can hiiv that they were working lor
the general good of Kast Knot nay
and the provinco, earlier th u The
Prospector.
Cranbrook Business
Directory
(Continued from page tine).
WHOLESALE HOUSE
Crnnhrook Trading Co. Ltd.
Jobbers  Limited—Wholesale dealers
in general merchandise.
BLACKSMITHS.
Flunk Dezall.
E. Johnson,
T.  I'arrott.
FOUNDRY.
Oranbrook   Foundry   nnd   Machine
shops, A. A. McKlnnon.
CONTRACTORS    AND    UU1LDEHS.
(ico. H. Leask & Co.
Christian & Jones.
1).  J. Johnson.
• Baker & Banlleld.
A. Waller.
LUMBER COMPANIES.
Oranbrook Sasli & Door Co., Cranhrook.
Crauhrook Bawmills Co., Oranbrook,
Crow's Nest I'ass Lumber I o,,
Wardner.
Enst Kootonay Lumber Co,, ('ran
brook.
Jewell Lumber Co., Jaflray.
King   Lumber   Mills,    Ltd., Cranlirook.
Wattsburg Lumber Co.
Leask St Johnson, Mayook.
Otis Staples, Wycllfle,
I'eavine Lumber Co., Oranbrook,
Standard   Lumber Co.,  Cranbrook.
Taylor Lumber Co., Kimberly,
FRUIT AND CONFECTIONERY,
Little & Atchison.
The Palm.
STOVES AND TINWARE,
l'atmore Bros.
HEATINl) AND PLUMBING
W. E. Johnson.
SHOE  REPAIRING,
J. Maripodi.
ll. Holland.
SEWINCi MACHINES
(loo. Powell, Singer,
STEAM  GLEANING  AND  REPAIR
ING.
Nlhloek ,4 Bnrker.
BARBERS
Bullock n (to.
Wesley Cline.
Cranlirook Barber Shop.
O. K. Barber Shop,
T. South.
F. Wells.
DOCTORS
Dr.  J. M. Bell.
Dr. F. W. Oreen.
J. H. King.
F. H. Lec.
PAINTERS AND DECORATORS
11. ('. Carr.
II. H. Short.
HOUSEHOLD GOODS.
W. H. Doran, dealer in furniture,
stoves and household goods.
J. McLean, dealer In furniture,
household goods, stoves, etc,
OARAGE.
Cranbrook  Automobile und Garage
Co.
LIGHT AND POWER
Crnnhrook Electric Light and
Power Co.
LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE
TELEPHONE
Kootenay Telephone Lines, Ltd,
LIVERY
Carson Bros.
Deacon & Doeast.
Kenny's Livery.
J. McDonald.
PRODUCE.
East Kootenay  Produce and   Provision    House—General    Merchandise,
Hay, Grain and Implements.
PHOTOGRAPHER.
It. Binning.
DRUG STORES.
Benttie-Murpby Co.
Crnnbrook Drug & Book Co.
BAKERS.
City Bakery—J. Symonds.
Oranbrook Bakery—F.  Kummer,
LAND   OFFICES.
II. 0, Land Department, 0. P. It.
Lund Land and Investment Co.
Dominion Customs ottlce.
Provincial      Government    District
headquarters.
UNDERTAKER
W. lt. Beatty, undertaker and em-
halmer.
SOCIAL AND BENEFICAL ORDERS
Cranhrook  Lodge,  A.  F. &  A.  M.,
Rocky Mountain Chapter, R. A, M.
Selkirk Preceptory, K. T.
Key City Lodge, I. O. O. F.
K. of P., Crescent Lodge.
Loyal Orange Lodge.
Knights ol Columbus,
VETERINARY  SURGEONS
W. S. Bell.
II. S. Rutledge.
Crnnbrook Fanner's Institute.
Cranbrook    Agricultural    Fair  Association.
Oranbrook Turf and  Park Association.
EXERY MAN
should own some
real ostats, it. is
tlie im mis of
bettering your
hiiuncinl  worth.
OUR    FARM  (III
CITY   PROPERTIES
cnn    bo    bought
today    for    very
low   prices,    und
tile    longer   you
In Id    thom     tlie
gioator   will   le
' their worth.
Jusl    drop      lu
b&     nnd tell us wb.it
. ,'      you  want,     a id
we  wid    lind    n
property for you,
suitable t( rt
your       roqulre-
inints.
,:;, R.B.BENEDICT
FARM AND TIMBER LANDS
LOANS AND INSURANCE
ORANBROOK, U. 0,
110 RIGHT TO THE POINT
II It pays the landlord to rent
you a house, It wlll pay you to
be youi own landlord, You can
do so easily under our system
ol loans.
HOMES BUILT TO ORDER
II you would he a bouse owner
liiHteuil of a rent, payor our plan
Is just the thing for you.
INVESTIGATE IT
R.B.BENEDICT
Re.il Estate niul   Kami Loans
Insurance
Armstrong   Avenue
CKANimOOK,   B. C.
Old Timers
The following in a list of pioneers
In Kast Kootenay, ami thu year thoy
arrived in the tllHtrict. These men
ure still residents of tbe district anil
province:
Mr. Michael,Phillips wns a Hudson
Hay factor on Tobacco Flnlns li
about  IHfili, Inter on  be wns located
in Cherry Creek nml Kort Steele.
Dave Griffiths, Fat IJuirk, Qeorge
Doherty, Roger Moore and Peter
Bayle enme to this district lu 1864,
tbe time of the Placer excitement on
Wild Horse creek.
Win. Kernie nud Nest Dray, now residents of Victoria, were here in 1H(;4.
Mr. Kernie (after whom the city of
Kernie was named) was Cold Commissioner, and Mr, I (ray wiih a mail
earlier between Wild Hot-He creek and
Walla Walla,
It might he well to Include the following reorients of this district ns
obi timers:
SACKS IIF MONEY
ll. L. T. Oalbralth, Indian agent «t mny i,„ i„hl. ,,, uncertain invrnt-
Fort Steele-1874, Incuts.   KlorkH mny turn out lo
(leorge deny,   Fort  Ste.de   INN.',. I c "wnl. led" i n I   teeiiril les in iy
fuil lo secure.   Bul
Al. Doyle, Fort Btoolo-18815,
A. II. Fenwiek, Fort Steele   IXS.fl
50   Acre   Field
V. Hyde linker, with the lute Col.
,lus. linker, wun u roalilont of Cran
hi k lu 1884.
0. M. Edwards enme lo Fori Btooln
ill   1887.
Thoro are n score or moro of men
who huve hei n roaldollts III this por
tlon of the province since 1800.
Fort Steele wrh I ii wn In Ilu' in l.v
days of the district us "(lull Tint Vh      I'ihiii  ami  Timber   Lamls
Feiry."    At   Ihc   lime III  te Hell    le     Rl'ill I'.slatC ■ LoilllS ■   lllMirUllee
hellion its nniiie wiih chunged ta Fori 	
Steele, nud   wim   ul   thnl    line   tlie Armstrong Avenue
capital town of the entire Kootenay
diutriet.
full to
FARM   I.ANUS
nre inlc.  All you i d to know
uiioiil ik tholr situation anil for
hilly.    Wc uce Ilml   you   , el   ull
the   nili riinit.mi   on tii (So „ii
Ji'CtH.    Wollldn'l  >..u  like ii form
tbnl wiiil inr, y ii n good
Income  uml   Incronco In   value
every dny"   Wc inn In |p >., i ga|
one.
R.B.BENEDICT
CKANIIROOK, B.C. \
t
mrannnn
rifflfTl T H El
iiiiiiiimTiiiiiiriiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiTiiifmn?
'^TR'
c* ,mj cr* i
CmM %,ml*a*9
*\a
*T7
■ll
Baker Street, CRANBROOK, B.C.
3
i
\
Long   live   the   King
and   Queen!
This is the year when King George the Fifth
and Queen Mary will pass into the full honors of
the throne, being acclaimed King and Queen before
their lords and commoners at Westminster this
month.
We welcome most cordially the ascent to the
throne of our country's new rulers: we trust that
their lives may long be spared and that they be
accorded the same love, honor and respect as was
given to King  Edward and Queen Victoria.
GOD  SAVE  THE   KING
AND  QUEEN!

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