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The Prospector Jun 13, 1914

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Array I egisfat
ive Astemhtv
Toric Lenses
are the most effective
—the curve does it
See
Wilson the Optician
pttUt
The  Leading Newspaper
in the
Kootenays
The
4.
"Prospector'
!1$2.00 Per Year
»
V O l. U M N E
CRANBROOK,    11.
SATURDAY       M 0 R N I N G    JUN K    13th,    1914.
Meeting of Council
Tin' usual monthly mooting of tin-
city council \viih held In the council
eliimiliei's mi Monday evening, tin
mooting bolng callod ti> order
promptly al 8 n, m, hy his worship
tho Mayor, Simon Taylor, supported
by Aldermen Untie, Leask, (lenest,
Hickenbotham ami Campbell.
Tbe city clerk was called Upon to
rend the minutes nf the previous
meetings which were held on tho 13th
and 2<)th respectively; ou motion of
Aldermen Hickenbothuni and Horie
tbey were adopted,
Dr. Rutledge presented his report
of inspection of dairies and tests of
milk supplied lu the city. Aldermen
Campbell and Horie moved they Le
received—carried,
Mr. Ira R, Manning presented a
petition from tbe Retail Merchants'
Assoeintion witb regard to the employment of labor on the new waterworks system. On motion of Aid *r-
men Oampbel nnd Gcnost the petiti m
was ordered to be laid on the table.
Mr. Ci. Thompson brought to tho
attention of the city fathers the (act
that there are possibilities in respect
to beautifying the city with botlU-
vnrds. It would improve tbe appearance of the city considerably and
prove an additional vnlue to property. Mr. Thompson went on to say
that lt was absolutely impossible for
any ratepayer or householder to try
to beautify their gardens while the
weeds were allowed to grow on the
streets. Mr. Thompson nlso made
mention of the fact that tha pound
Bylaw was not sufficiently enforced
and suggested that It he more rigidly attended to in  the future.
Another matter lie wished to bring
to the attention of the council wns
that It was impossible at the present time to obtain a grade for Lhe
strA't, making it impossible for anyone to work correctly in making
their boulevard or in case of i poison wanting to build, tbe fact that a
grade was not obtainable might load
the city officials into trouble and
serious trouble nt tb;it. This opinion he did not offer as a legal opill
ion but what might possible tako
place.
It was moved by Aldermen Leask
and Horie that the matter be referred to the legislative committee—carried.
A letter was read from H. A. McKowan on behalf of Dr. Miles rn.|,uest-
Ing that the city wnter he extended
to lots 19-20 block 309.
A deputation representing the Loyal Orange Lodge was present. Mr. R.
8. Garrett acted as spokesman ond
asked on behalf of the Order for the
use of the band-stand from s'bicb *.o
make speeches and for tbe use Df thi
seats to accommodate those attending; Mr. Garrett also asked permission to have a parade on duly 13th.
On motion or Aldermen Hickenbotham and Horie the requests were
granted.
A petition was received from the
Women's Christian Tomporance Union
in respect to the ringing of the curfew hell. On motion of Aldermen
Campbell and Genest it was moved
that the school trustees be requested
to instruct the school janitor to ring
the curfew bell according to the curfew by-law.
A petition was received from J. J.
Woodman und others re a sidewalk
on Burwell avenue. The matter was
referred to the board of works with
power to act,
Mrs. Deane made a complaint to
the city council in reference lo the
condition of the ditch on Edwards
street. On motion it wns roferred to
th? health and relief committee.
The accounts for the mouth of May
were presented as follows and on the
recommendation of the finance committee were ordered to be pnld, the
total amount being ¥6420,00,
B. C. Gazette  |
Beattie-Murphy   Co	
0, C. 8	
Cranhrook Exchange 	
Crnnbrook Sash & Door Co...
C. P. R. Telegraph  	
Cranhrook   Trading  Co	
City Transfer & Warehouse  Co
City Clerk's sundries 	
Cranhrook   Foundry  	
Curswell   Co	
City Livery 	
('ranbrook   Cartage  &  Trans
fer Co    134.80
Cranhrook  Electric Light Co.   203.5K
V.  Dozall  	
Fink Mercantile Co.   Ltd	
41   Meat  Market  	
Herald Publishing Co	
iiimismii Garage 	
Kootenay    Tolephono    Lines
Ltd	
.1. R. Kennedy 	
King ft Green  	
Ira  Manning  	
R.  S.  McNeil  	
(Continued on Page Elve) ,
8.25
AM
11.35
.      9.00
264.9G
3.11
1.35
002,35
21.00
1.75
15.50
4ti.no
42.30
14.00
18.45 1
78.50
10.50
20,80
10.00
2.00
11.40
120.0(1 .
Rhodes Scholar
At n meeting of the British Columbia Rhodes Scholarship committee
hold In Victoria last week, Basil Elmo Atkins of Vancouver was elected
Rhodes scholar from British Columbia for the ensuing three years.
Basil Qlmo AtkjnB is a son of Mr.
nnd Mrs. J. M. Atkins of 1898 Rob-
son street, and is a native son ot
Vancouver, having heen born there
on Octol(?r 10, 1892. He will he 22
next October. He attended the Lord
Roberts School, and entered the
King Edward High School in 1905.
Ile matriculated from the high school
in 11108 nnd after two years at the
McGill University College in Vancouver, went to McGill University in
-Montreal, from which he graduated
lint yenr with honors, taking the degree of B. A.
Basil Atkins, or "Tommy," as he
is more generally known, took an
actlvla part in al! student activities
at his Alma Mater. He was one of
the foremost tennis players at college, made the basketball team, and
was secretary of the McGill Union,
tho largest stud/ant organization at
McGill. In addition he held many
other prominent positions in the
student life of his college.
Cranbrook Wins From Fernie
The Cranhrook lacrosse team journeyed to Fernie on Wednesday evening tn play a return game with the
local team. It wns the third game of
a series that have all heen won by
Oranbrook,
Tho name was fast and clean, tlta
Crnnbrook boys playing rings around
tho Fernie hoys. The score was 7 to
4 in favor of Cranbrook.
During the game Wm. Mathews was
struck accldently over tbe left eye,
the strings of the lacrosse stick cutting tho hall of his eye. The Injury
while not serious was painful.
It Is said that Cranbrook will
have a lacrosse team at Nelson during Chahko Mika celebration;
Passing of the Late Mr. Eyton
Last week we were only able to
give a brief notice of the death of E.
Etemla-Eyton, who for the past two
years had heen a member of the Civil
Service In tlu.1 Cranbrook Government
Agency, and-was slated for the position of deputy assessor aud collector
and mining recorder.
He died on tbe 4th inst. after a
gallant struggle lasting over six
weeks, but his sickness was one that
allows of no cure and be succumbed
to its effects only when It wat impossible to continue. The funeral
took place on the 10th Inst, from the
Church of England, the vicar, Rev.
E. P. Flewelllng, conducting the
service, being assisted by the Rev.
H. Tupper, precentor of Worcester
(.athedral, England..* The beautiful
service was reverently followed by a
large number and the solemnity of
tbe occasion accentuated by the dignity of Its rendition.
There were many beautiful wreaths
aud llowers, showing the estimation
in which the deceased was held by
his mnny friends.
Brought Up us be was in environments entirely different from what
prevails here, Mr. Eyton adapted
himself admirably to the measure of
this country, and although the cnuse
of bis coining to Cnnada was n great
misfortune tbnt would hnve wrecked
many men's lives, he never complained, but did bis work thoroughly and
conscientiously nml on account of
his courtesy and good temper nnd the
interest be look iu his work, wns well
liked hy all with whom he came in
coiit.net, and there ts ni doubt but
that he would have vvoitted his way
well mi to the top of tbe service if
death had not stopped in ami cut
short a bright career, The sympnthy
of his circle of friends and in fact of
all goes out to his widow, who so
devotedly attended hliu dny and
night since tit.1 commencement of his
illness and who hns shown a dignity
and a fortitude in sorrow lhat tins
been an inspiration.
House of Commons Prorojuas
Ottawa, -'uui' ll. The ilrst official
InUmntlon that parliament would actually prorogue at 3 o'clock Friday
afternoon wns givon lu the commons
shortly before 0 o'clock, when Spenk-
er Sproule mnde thu announcement he
bad received a message from the
governor-general stating that ho
would be at the senate chamber at
thnl time to wind up the proceedings
with the iifiual formalities.
S. E. Kootenay Oil
Special Article to " The Prospector "
Iu Southeast Kootenny you will
lind a large number of old time prospectors who have faith in the oil-
bearing district of the Flathead vnlley. It was in 1885 that a number
of prospectors, headed by Frank Mc-
Cabe, crossed the RockieB from Alberta and went into the Flathead valley and located the tirst oil claims.
The story of these early day prospectors follows: Having found samples of oil in the camps of the Stony
Indians, who used this oil for medicinal purposes, they inquired where
it waB found. On ascertaining that
it was across the mountain in the
Flathead, a prospecting party was
made up, who, following the old
Kootenay trail, crossed the mountains entering the valley from the
east. They found the oil seepages
and made some eight or ten locations, but owing to the wildness of
the country, the difficulties presented
and the utter lack of transportation
facilities nothing was done except to
announce the fact that oil seepag s
had been found and that the oil was
of a superior quality.
It was in 1891, that tbe late Br.
Selwyn, then director of the geological survey, visited the district with
Mr. William F*rnie, who was the discoverer of the famous coal ureas of
the Crow's Nest Pass.
Mr. Dawson also made a detailed
examination of the geology of the
mountains, valleys and creeks in 188"»
and reported on the oil seepnges of
Kishenehna creek, and this report
was confirmed by Dr. Selwyn who
telle of tlndlng seepages ou Sage
creek.
He tells of collecting samples of
crude oil from seepages through the
sand and gravel in thc bed of a
stream live miles east, of tlqv summit. In tbe Flathead valley he speaks
of oil on Kishenehna creek; on the
edge of a beaver dam pool there were
ledges of hard, dark-blue shale. Lifting tbe layers of this at and below
the water, a quantity of dark-green,
circular patches of oil rose to the
surface, and a precisely similar result followed by stirring up the mud
in the bottom of the  pool.
GEOLOGY OF OIL-BEARING
DISTRICT.
Sage and Kishenehna creeks are the
only two creeks or streams upon
which oil has been reported as actually found. These two creeks are
parallel and cloBely adjoining, being
only separated in tbeir upper reaches
by a spur on the main range. The
seepage of oil occurs on both creeks
just where the mountains give way
to the ancient wide valley of the
Flathead, and lt is quite certain that
the geological formation are the
same in both .these creeks. ThiB fact
is immediately visible to the eye
from the upper benches of the river
valley, from whence the view obtained of the strata exposed on the ends
of the mountain runges shows them
to hav-3 beea continuous. The valleys of these two creeks have been
cut hy erosion, there being no evidence in the lower portions of these
vnlleys of any faults, folds or anything more than a slight bending of
the beds. About three mileB above
the oil on Sage creek there is evidence of what appears to bc a fault
crossing the creek and affecting the
strata; the mountains here are sheer
nnd bare, enabling the formation to
be seen, while on Kishenehna creek
the hills are not steep and are covered with slide material, obscuring
the view of the various strata except
upon the peaks; but the same fault
probably also extends across the valley- „
The so-called "nig Oil Spring" on
Snge creek occurs some 12 mileB up
from the mouth of the creek and
about a mile above when the stream
leaves the mountains and enters the
flat depression of the Flathead valley. The spring is found in the brush
about a quarter of a mile from the
trail, at the base of the mountains
to tbe north of the vnlley, and near
ti small lake aud marsh,'.which lie at
an elevation of some 200 [eet above
Lhe stream and 4,400 feet above sea
level. The ground to the north of
tbis lake is marshy and full of
springs of water which go to form
the lake. About. 100 yards from the
base of the mountain, ou a knoll
higher thnn its Immediate surroundings, there Ib issuing a good-sized
spring of water, and beside this
spring were found several poolB covered with thick, dark-green oil. The
(dl being lighter than the water accumulated nearest the highest point,
tbe water tlowing ofl below. Tbe oil
had accumulated here in several .poolB
which covered an area of some 50
feet diameter. As the oil spreads itself out over the face of the water,
all these pools have tbe nppearance
of being entirely oil. Tn nppearance
it is lighter thnn the crude oil of
Pennsylvania, probably containing
less tnrry matter and being richer in
the more volatile constituents. The
following are the results of an exam
ination of these oils:
1. From tubing of bore-hole in Alberta, 5 miles east of .summit— Specific gravity 879; degreeB beaume, 38;
remarks, dark-colored, heavy oil,
commenceB to distill over at 90 degrees.
2. From seepage at same point-
Specific gravity, 879; degrees ban mo,
30.
3. Prom "Big Oil Spring" on
Sage creek in Flathead—Specifie gravity, 828; degreeB baume, 40; remarks,
dark-green oil, commenced to distill
off at 90 degrees, 90 per cent, of oil
distilled off below 200 degreeB, leaving 10 per cent of thick, dark oil
containing tar, which latter Ib estimated 5 per cent.
4. From bed of Sage creek, near
above (LecMe Bpring)—Specific gravity, 818; degrees heaume, 42; remarks, light amber-colored oil, commenced to distill off at 90 degrees,
97.5 per cent, of oil distilled ofl at
below 185 degrees, leaving 2.5 per
cent, dark, heavy oil containing some
tar.
It will be noted that of these samples 3 and 4 are of exceptionally low
j Bpecific gravity, and that sample 4
.conaistB almost entirely of the lighter constituents of petroleum, very similar to tbe oil now being obtained
from the famous Dingman well nt
Calgary.
The oil rises through a black
marsh earth, and it is difficult to tell
how much of Its color it owes to
this source. ThiB spring can only
be described as an oil seepage, the
quantity of oil therefrom is small,
but there is every Indication of quantity at depth.
The pla*j at which the oil iB found
is at the top of an anticlinal in the
formation, that is to say, at tho
highest point in the bedding of the
rocks, the axis of the anticlinal crossing down the creek in a northwesterly direction. From tbis point the
beds dip up the creek to the northeast and also down the creek to the
southwest. The beds can be traced
dipping to the northeast for about
three miles, at first at a very flat
angle, but gradually increasing until
the dip reaches about 35. At this
point a fault occurs with, to the
east a different dip to the rocks,
while further up the creek this is followed by other faults; hence it may
be said that the entire valley, twelve
miles north, witb a width of several
mites is the possible field of accumulation.
(Comtlnued (rom Page One)
Through Two Disasters
London, June 10—Wild scenes were
witnessed at the Exchange station nt
Liverpool yesterday on the arrival of
the survivors of the crew of the Empress of Ireland, who had been
brought home on the Corsicnn. The
station had ho?n packed by a dense
crowd for several hourB, nnd when
the train steamed in from Glasgow
at 7 ojclock there was a rush to the
carriage doors. The police and railway officials attempted to hold back
th-.' crowd, but were powerless.
Among the Liverpool survivors
who reached home last night was
William Clark, who has had the terrible experience of passing through
two of the greatest sea tragedies
known. He was fireman on the Titanic, and filled the anme duty on the
Empress of Ireland. His first
thought when they were struck went
hack to those terrible scenes on the
Titanic, It was his first voyage on
the Empress of Ireland, and of course
ou the Titanic, which was on her
mnlden trip. He added "there is a
sort of superstition among sailors,
nnd I believe It applies ou land as
well tbat the third time ls fatal, but
thut does not worry me. I nm going bnck to Liverpool to lind n job
ou anothor steamer."
Clark said, in reply to (inflations,
thut he snw none (tf the crew neglect
his duty, or who wns not trying to
save others Immediately nfter tho
great plunge ennie.
"I propose to sail the Shnnii'ock
IV to New York," said Sir Thomas.
"I do not propose to ask the New
York Yacht cluh for any further favors; that is, I will not request the
privilege of towing the 8hamrock. I
will sail the challenger across. If Bhe
sinks well nnd good, but If she wins
she wtll win without any concessions
and the American public will grant
ine the honor of having won with iut
any sympatlrtic violation of the deed
of gift or through any favors."
Sir Thomas Is Confident
London, Juno 9,—Sir Tliomns Upton, ftltor tlm llml null ntrotolilng
n|iin ill tin' Shamrock IV. in iih optl-
niiHtir m imiiii roiwmllng the clinncos
nl ti iH elllllli'llKiT.    If"  holleVM llllllllll
tin' boat i'lin  I"' ovor lunl nl   win
llllll! llm Clip.
Ritchie Signs to Meet Welsh
New York,    June 9—Willie Ritchie,
of California, the world's champion
lightweight pugilist, signed articles
of agreement here tonight for a 20-
round bout with Freddie Welsh, the
English champion, for the world's
lightweight championship, in London,
July 4 next.
Guaranty and forfeit money was
deposited by the representatives of
both boxers. Eugene Corri of London has been selected as referee.
Welsh sailed for England last Saturday and Ititchie will leave tomorrow.
May Be Second Balkan War
London, June 11.—Another war between Greece and Turkey is foreshad-
oweil today by the TimeB, which nays
tlic unrest in the Balkane lias become acute. Several ot the states, it
says, have recently been employed in
clearing their newly acquired territories ol "undesirable" elements and
the Bulgarians have heen thli principal sufferers.
The unrest is attributed by the
newspaper to the drastic policy ol the
Young Turks in expelling all Greeks
Irom Asia Minor and i Turkish Thrace.
It believes the policy is a prelude to
a declaration of war upon Greece,
the main object being the reconquest
hy Turkey of Saloniki and the re-occupation ol Macedonia.
Prepare Exhibit of Grasses
Ottawa, .limn 9.—Tho Dominion
agrostologlBt, M. 0. MlUto, Inw boon
niil.lniii/.i'il tn prepare nn elaborate
pxhlhlt ol Canadian grasses, wild and
cultivated fm' tlm Panainn Pacific exhibition  In Sim Kriinciseii iu  1915,
Iir. Multc will spend about two
months iu Britiah Oolumbla and in
Allii'l'tu to Hie foothills ol the Rooky
Mountains collecting roproBontatlvo
npcolca ul pructlcally nil grnaa goner-
'ully growing in Canada,   Oollcctlona
! will uhi"   I inle by iimiini ii ii in   In
Manitoba   nml   tlm Maritime    prov
illl'I'S.
Agricultural Assn.
The directors have decided to give
a good rililion with the prize in all
live stock classes, millions will also
be given in poultry and dog classes.
A line addition In the poultry and
pet stock building is under way, tbe
work to start early next month. The
Standard Mill lias kindly offered 3500
feet of lumber and 8000 shingles, tbe
Knst Kootenny Lumber company 3500
(eet ol lumbor and thc King Mill 2500
feet and several odds and ends of material. No others have been asked as
yet, but the directors see no difficulty In raising the balance of 500 feet
of,lumber ami S000 shingles. The Agricultural Department has promised
to make a special grant ol nt least
$200 if the directors spend an equal
amount. The gifts of lumber will
well lill their part of the bill. Up-
to-date coops will lie installed and
then they will hnve room for almost
twice the poultry they hud last year.
Rvcn that will lie none too much,according to pi"sent indications.
Tho Pair Book will he delivered
next week so mail for your copy at
once.
Farmers' Institute
The next meeting will be held on
Tnursday, June 18th, in the old gymnasium, Cranbrook.
Por each fee of 50 cents paid before the end of June the itiovernment
gives a grant of 50 cents. Come to
the meeting and pay up.
Parcels Post With Japan
Ottawa, June 4—The announcement
wns made today tbat Hon. L. P.
Pelletier, postmaster-general, had entered into a new agreement with Japan for the direct exchange of parcels, under which the present rate of
20c a pound will be reduced to 12c a
pound, aud tbe preaent limit weight
of seven pounds increased to eleven
pounds,
The new agreement is to take effect
from September 1, 1914. It will be a
decided Improvement on previous arrangements, nnd will, no doubt, lead
to an increased volume of parcels
poat liUHiiiess between the two countries.
Buy at Home
Whose fault is it that our Imports
are more than double our exports? It
is the fault of the buyers. Duy at
home if you get tired looking at the
trade balance against Canada. You're
tu blame, Mr. Consumer.
Why don't you atop sending money
abroad for foreign goods, iu cases
where you can get Canadian goods ol
the smii* or better quullty al the
snme price?
Your baud goes iu your pookol aev-
oral times a day. It comes out with
Canadian money. How mnny times
a day do you and your family sny
to the Rollers, "I want tu ner tu
Holes 'mnde lu Canada.' "
At least, look nt Canadian goods
before you buy.   Industrial Canada
A Hfl-rial n ting uf tbe Ladles Aid
Society of ttie Methodist Church will
|bo held   at the   home   of Mrs.   Irn
.Manning „,,  Friday often II,   Juno
. I'JIh,  at :t  p.  in.  Hliorp,   A  full   at.
tendance in requested.
British North America Act
Ottawa, June 11—Adoption of an
addresB to the Imperial parliament
asking for an amendment to the
British North America act giving increased reprcsentntion in the senate
to the west and n discussion during
which measures of reform of the upper chamber were advocated formed
the principal business at the early
session of th* house of commons today.
I'remier Borden moved nn address
to the imperial parliament asking
for an amendment to the claiiBe* of
the British North America act relating to the appointment of senators.
The effect of the address is to ask
for an increase in the number of senators to 96. This will provide for a
group of 24 for the four western provinces and make four groups In all.
Quebec, Ontario, the maritime provinces and the west. The address
asks the imperial parliament to provide that in the event of .N'ewfound-
nnd entering confederation the representation in the senate would he
increased to 102.
In this connection Mr. Borden stated tbat any movement looking to the
inclusion of Newfoundland would
have to come from the island colony.
Another feature of the address is
the request that a provision W? put
in the British North America act
tbat the representation of a province
n the commons shall never he less
than  its representation  in tbe upper
use. This would mean that Prince
Kdward Island, Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick together would nKer he
represented hy less than 24 members.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier aaid that both
sides were agreed that parliament
bad absolute power to increase the
representation of Alberta and Sas-
katctinwnti. Ah for Manitoba lie did
nut think the same power existed. Hi!
was quite in favor of the creation nf
a fourth group id prov I noon based
Upon the principle of the federal art.
The mosl Important clauso in Ihe resolutions    wns    that    which  provided
ihe Bonato ro presentation >>t nt* one
provinco should oxecod lis ropreson*
lnt inn jn tint commons, Thin, tie
thought wus n departure from the
prlnolplo laid down ut confederation
and Which had been strictly adhered
iu ever since He was nol disposed,
llOWOVVi to Insist Upon this principle
being observed as he did not (think It
wuuld work I neon ven Ion co to the oth
er   members of  confederation.
Woman Suffrage
The following essay was written hy
one of the Cranbrook High School
children. One of the most important
observation to be made is tbnt the
subject was written entirely ex tempo,
the boy having had no previous idea
of what the subject was of which he
was expected to write:
The Woman Suffrage Movement Is
one of the greatest of modern times.
It is essentially a modern movement
and one brought about and
made possible only by modern civilization which enables
a woman to do a man's work
in some cases better thnn be can do
begun to question the right of tbe
half to govern the whole and to demand for  themselves equal rights.
It is only in tbe last six or seven
yearB that the movement has begun
to assume formidable proportions.
Before that it consisted solely of a
few scattered bands of women whom
most poople regarded as cranks and
fanatics. Slncft then it hns swelled
until in almost every country on the
globe there is a body of women lighting for the vote. The movement had
Its origin in Kngland and is Btill
stronger there than anywhere else although it has met with far more
success in other countries.
Women base their claim to the vote
on these facts:
1. About half of the women in the
world an.- wageworkera or are in business. These have absolutely no representation in the affairs of the
country although they are quite as
intelligent aud capable as their fellow workers of the opposite    sex.
2. The most of the remaining women are married and performing at
home quite as much work as do their
husbands in the otlice or factory, yet
they have no power to make laws
about tUe education of the children
whom they raise, nor have they any
power in the control of liquor or vice
in their district.
The first of these arguments seems
fairly plausible. Undoubtedly, any
woman who is earning her daily
bread is quite as much qualified to
vote as is any mau. In fact,
in some casea beer-soaked individuals
holding a job demanding little or
no intelligence have the power of the
ballot while business women, perhaps
making as much as nny man in their
own town, have no control over the
administration. But on the other
hand the larger part of these wage-
earning women are of the lowest
classes, in some cases foreigners and
generally with very little education.
These voters united with the lowest
class of men voters would make a
large body, large enough to control
the country and yet of such low intelligence as to be easily swayed by
any corrupt politicians nnd to havi
no knowledge of the things tbey ave
voting for. Again although a married woman is certainly qualified to
vote on the problems concerning wo
men and children Bhe could hardly be
expected to have much knowledge of
the business affairs on which she
would be required to vote. However,
no doubt if the ballot was granted
she would make herself acquainted
with these things.
The attainment of the common object however bas been gone about
very differently. About the worst
example of how a movement of this
kind may be forever blackened in the
eyes of thinking people is furnished
by the present situation in Kngland.
The women there seem to hnve loBt
all Bense of reason and run amutfe.
Churches are burnt, great pictures
slashed and houses of private individuals are destroyed by thepe fanatics. The fact that they are women, however, always earns pardon
or at least lenient treatment for the
offenders. Life in London at pres-
?nt is a reign of terror for owners of
property and the public are already
greatly Incensed and prejudiced
against a good sensible movement.
It is a pity these militants could not
tnke a lesson from their neighbors
across the ocean.
ln America au altogether different
method is used for the attainment of
the same object. The English suf-
frnfTtte hands the man in power a
brick, the/American suflragotte bands
him n rose, orderly parados, orderly demonstVations nnd rational do
maiiils are the keynotes ol the Amer
lean treatm-nl  Of tbe situation   and
already tlio bulbil  hus h i   granted
In mnny BtfltOB Of thc union and It
hidfl fair tu ne given throughout tbo
whole country  next election.
W. C. T. U. Cookery Sale
ThO W. ('. T. I!, will liolil a rook
cry Bale on Hal unlay, .liuie 20Ul, In
the 0, 0. H. vacant Btore on Ann
Rtrong avenue. Afternoon tea will lie
Hi'i'viil,  iiinii utrawtiRi'i'ii'H mul cream. THE  PROSPECTOR.  CRANBROOK,  B. C.
©he proepeetor, ©ranbrook, §. <&.
ESTABLISHED    1S95
Published  Every  Saturday Morning at Craubrook,  B.C.
V. M. Christian, general manager
SUBSCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR
Postage to American,  European  (Br itish   Isles excepted)  mul  other  foreign countries, 50 cents a year extra.
ADVERTISEMENTS—-Advertising rates furnished on application. No
advertisements but those of a reputable character will be accepted lor
publication.
ADVERTISERS AND SUBSCRIBERS.—Unless notice to the contrary
is given to local manager advertisements and subscriptions will be kept
running and charged np againBt their account.
.^■s^,
20th TEAR
CRANBROOK, B.C      June  13
No.   24.
At the City Council meeting held
last Monday there were several Items
of interest noticeable to those present.
Present a petition and the ratepayer attend. Thi- presentation of tbe
petition from the lb-tail Merchants
Association was supported by eleven
of those who had Blgned  in support
of the contents.
• •   •   •
The request made by the Loyal
Orange Lodge was supported by four
individuals.
• •  •   •
When the Mayor called the meeting
to order the Aldermen wondered wbat
they were to expect from such a large
array of strange attendants.
It seemed that the strangers were
agreeably surprised at the courteous
treatment they received af the bands
of the City Fathers.
■   ■   •   •
The volume of business that*had to
be attended to promised a long Bitting; it was discharged with dispatch.
Thc number of petitions and requests presented to thc council must
havfc broke all previous recordB.
Tbe petitions ranged from a request to help protect the broad and
butter of the citizens and ranchers to
the removal of tin enns from a ditch.
How much wider and varied a range
could on1 wish to hnve before them?
• •   •   •
It was surprising to an observer
the amount of detail work that was
being attended to by tbo council. It
can but result in good to the community.
• •   •   *
Each department of the city is being well attended to and proper attention is being given to their suggestions by tho council as a whole.
When the reports of the vnrious committees were presented to the meeting it was gooil to observe the attention that was paid to any progressive move or suggestion that was
explained. This cnn only result in
the more economical working of tbe
city's projects.
• ■   ■   •
In the report of lh'1 City Engineer
there was no Item uf $TtS.G0 tlml
brought forth comment on the purl
of the Aldermen. The city engineer
in explanation of this snid thai it
waa fm cleaning up the nuisance
grounds,  not after the city   scaven
gers but after delivery rigs dumping
their waste all over the place, having no respect for cleanliness or
health. It is about time that the
merchants looked into the conduct
of their employees Ln this respect
nnd avoid trouble that might brew in
the future on tbis account.
It might be just as well if the parents warned their children to be
home before the curfew bell is rung
or else they will be having the chief
p! police after them. The ringing of
the bell has been suggested to the
school trustees, and tbey will see
the wisdom In co-operating with   the
I council in endeavoring to get the
children hom3 at a reasonable hour,
we have no doubt. They have the
children's interests at heart ant! for
children to be wandering all over the
city or playing games at the corners
or on vacant lots by the lights of B
standing   automi   [le     i    the street
el.-ftric light i>    ;• .••.*.::* eievat-
ing or Instructive when tbe hour is
late and the majority of the citizens
are preparing to retire to rest.
It would do a lot of good if the
citizens would wh de-heartedly enter
into the spirit of the council and cooperate with them in their endeavors
to clean up the city. Whilst there
are a large number of the householders who are trying to do their best
there are others who seem to be only
too glad to make work. The council
bave gone to a lot of trouble to
clean up all thc alleys in the city—
and to their credit may it be said
that never before has the city presented so clean an appearance or the
dangers from disease been so thor-
oughly removed as at present—at tbe
same time one can wee where some
thoughtless Individual has again
thrown refuse, which means that before long if the practice is not stopped the work will all have to bc done
over again. And this work costs the
ratepayers money. Be as thoughtful
for others as yon would be for your-
JHelf and at the progress the work Is
making we shnll soon hav^ the cleanest city, the best streets, and tho
hest alleys, to be found in the West
today. The Influence of the work will
not only he nn inllueuce ou the
population today hut the results will
be embedded in the minds of the
children that will hear good fruit in
lhe years to come.
which lies within limits
at the northwost corner
provincial riding, thenco
westerly direction along
shore of Howe sound to
let, thence in an eastei
along the northerly sbor
Inlet and In a uortberl
along the western shore
arm of Burrard inlet to
ly extremity of the arm
irly to the point of cor
South-East Kootenay Oil
(Continued on Page   2.)
On Klsbenehnn creek, at a point
where uii is found, u similar anticlinal fold occurs, bul witb tlio axis
running lt'arly northeast and Butttta
west, or wltll the course uf the creek,
the beds dipping off at nn angle to
the northwest and southeast Into the
adjacent mountains,
In neither of these nnticlinals ih
there any evidence of a break, and it
Is quite possible that below these
faults referred to the overlying beds
are unbroken (and continuous to the
southwest over the whole area o!f|se
Flathead depression, for a distance of
10 ur 12 miles north of the interim
tlonal boundary.
Directly across the valley of taga
creek from the "Big Spring" in the
direction of the axis of the anticlinal
and about haH p. mile distant, a second Bee page ot oil occurs In the bed
of the creek, |ust at the base nl the
mountains to the Bast of the valley.
Here, on the east side ot th* creek
bed, is seen in [duce and tying nearly lint, a bed of hard, dark, tlinty
shale from which issues n spring of
clear water, rising In a small basin
some two feet In diameter formed In
the gravel, With this wnter there ifl
given ntt constantly a gas, perfectly
oolorless, bavlng a strong smell >>f
the more volatile constituents of potroloum, and this gns when collected
in a vessel burns with a yellowish
flame, or, when mixed with sir, ex-
plodas. (rn the surface of this pool
a  whitish  scum  collects nnd   a piece
of paper  eheri to tho surface of tho
pool nhsorbs this scum, which does
not discolor the paper anv more than
would wator,   Tbis paper *o snturat
ed   is  hi.'hl.      Inll ahle.      The    OC
curronco scmnn to i ■• rather n con
deiimitiuii hv lbo cnUI water al   this
point Ol tin- lighter an I   e vulnllle
constituents of potrolr , while   tbo
heavier portion mnji imve been ' ar
rested beluw For somo distance
around, ihe shales show "it on tholr
surface, nnd tboro m no doubt thnl.
mucl ro   ran   and   oil   exuding
through    tli-in    thnn   this  one   littl
spring would Judicata,
In collecting samples of this oil it
was noted that after it wns in the
bottle tbere wns a char portion underneath the whitish-green and more
vicious "scum;" tbis was first
thought to bo water, but it was
found thnt paper absorbed it quickly
nnd that it wns Inflammable. The
scum has on standing In the bottle
become clear amber color, with the
colorless  portion   below.
if the oil should have been generated ns Dr. Dawson suggests, "in consequence of heat at considerable
depth in the earth's crust, acting
upon the lixed hydrocarbons contained in the rocks of that serieB" (cre-
taceous ci al bearing rocks), then tbe
oil would rise until it met Borne Impervious harrier of overlying rot'c
formation, nnd if Buch ruck should be
in the furm of an inverted basin (an
anticlinal), it would collect and retain the oil.
Assuming the theory advanced as
to the origin of the oil b*ing correct,
and that it has heen so generated in
tiuantity, then there is a fair prol ability of there being underneath this
"spring" a body of oil, because the
overlying rocks nr' practically impervious, and the position in which
they lie, an unbroken anticlinal fold,
is such as would serve as a trap or
reservoir lu which it would he retained Under pressure.
It oil exists in this locality it
must in all probability be at a cnn
siderabto   depth, poselbly ovei   8,000
leet.
in    conclusion    we   would suggest
ihnt ymi watch future operations tn
il il regions uf the rial.head valley. Prom Ibe itbuve it will lie ieu
ihlV seen ttiat thoro IS ull 111 night,
and   where    so  much   gns  and  uii    Is
noon nnd obtainable on tbe surface,
and which Inconstantly rising, there
must trt' a large reservoir "I oil
awaiting tbo boring of a woll to lbo
inquired depth.
Redistribution Bill
Ottawa, dune 10—The redistribution bill introduced in the commons
this afternoon by Hon. Robert Rogers arter consideration for the past
three months by the special commons
committee will, it is expected, be
passed through the house before prorogation, at the end of this week,
with but comparatively little uiodiii-
cation.
In Ontario there is some objection j
on the Liberal side to tlu- boundaries of the constituency of Kent which,
is claimed, should be reduced in size
by the ^elimination of two or three
municipalities.
So fnr as western Cannda is con
corned there is no dispute with the
exception of the constituency of Na-
naimo, in British Columbia. The
Liberals are asking that the mining
district of Cumberland be included in
this constituency instead of being
placed in the new Comox-AIherui.
THIS  PROVINCE CAINS  SIX
SKATS.
ruder the new bill there are to
be 234 constituencies instend ol -21,
as at present. Suva Scotia und New
Brunswick lose two seats each aii.l
Prince Kdward Island one. Ontario
loses four seats, Manitoba gain- tive,
Saskatchewan six, Alberta live and
British Oolumbla six.
The bill provides that in British
Columbia there shall be 13 electoral
districts, each of them to be represented by one member, as follows:
I—The electoral district of Coinoi-
Albernl, comprising tha provincial
districts of Alberni, Comox and alt
that portion of the provincial district . f Richmond, bounded on the
east by the east boundary of EUch-
mond from the northeast corner
thereof, thenc? southerly to the
northwest corner of tbe provincial
riding of Dewdney. thence in a
southwesterly direction to the mouth
of the east branch of the Squamish
rive:- at the head of Howe Bound,
thence In a southerly direction along
tt>.» easterly shore of Howe sound to
Burrard  inlet.
KAST KOOTENAY—WEST KOOTENAY.
2 —Kast Kootenay, comprising the
provincial ridings of Cranbrook, Fernie and Columbia.
3—Weat Koo & may, comprising the
provincial ridings of Nelson city,
Vmir, Roasland city, Slocan, Kaslo
and  Revelstoke.
4—Nanalmo, comprising the provincial ridings of Cowichan. Ksquimalt,
Nanalmo city, Newcastle, Saanich
and  the Islands.
5—New Westminster, comprising
the provincial ridings of New Westminster city and Delta and all that
portion of the provincial district of
Richmond lying south of Burrard inlet excepting Vancouver city. South
Vancouver and Point Grey.
G—Westminster, comprising the
provincial ridings of Dewdney and
Chilliwack and the portion of the
provincial riding of Yale adjoining
the provincial ridings of Chilliwack
and Dewdney, bounded by a line commencing at the southeast corner of
the provincial riding of Chilliwack,
thence easterly along the international boundary bo its point of intersection with the westerly boundary of
the provincial riding of Simllknmeen,
thence northerly following the last
mentioned boundary to the northwest corner of tbe. provincial district
of Slmtlkameen, tbence in n straight
line westerly to a point on the north
band of the Fraser river one mile
east of Vale, thence following a
straight line to the northeast corner
of Dewdney.
7—Vancouver centre, comprising
ward 1 of Vancouver city, with Stanley park and wards 2, 3 and 4 of the
city.
8—Burrard, comprising wards 5, fi,
? and S of Vancouver nnd tbe portion   nf Rlchmand provincial   riding
commencing
of   Dewdney
in a south-
tbe easterly
Burrard inly direction
a of Burrard
y direction
of the north
tho norther-
, uud  north
imencoment,
9—Vancouver south, comprising the
municipal it ies of South Vancouver
and Point Qrey,
10- Skeeiui, comprising the provincial ridings of Skeenn ami  Atlin.
II Victoria city, comprising the
provincial electoral districts of Vic
toria city.
VALE AND OARBIBOO SEPARATE
12— Cariboo,  comprising    the    pro
vincin!  ridings of  Cariboo,   Llllooot, j
Kamloops and   Vale,   excepting    lhal
portion of Vale contained in the New
West minstei      district   lind     including ]
the city and district municipality of
Salmon Arm.
m 'Yale, comprising the provincial j
riding    of oknnngnn, excepting   Salmon  Arm. and   the provincial  ridings .
,d    Bimllkameen,    tlreen wood    mnl,
Qrand Forks.
World's Longest
Tunnel
The lo
now uss
the Alps
[est tunnel
ung shape
If the pre:
in the world is
.ii the heart ot
ent rate of pro
gress is maintained one half of the;
total length of 12 miles .^88 yards;
should he completed by tbe end of I
th.- present year. The work was com- j
menced at the end or December, 11)12.
This tunnel, which is known as the
Second Simplon Tunnel, is being con- j
structed by the engineers ot the Swiss
Federal Railways to cope with the
remarkable growth of tourist and
• goods traffic on the Simplon route.
It runs parallel to the existing tunnel, and is being madA by an enlargement of the parallel working gallery
made by the engineers of the former
tunnel. The cost is estimated at ?6,-
920,000.
Apart from the use of explosives
for blasting, compressed air is the
sole power in use within the workings. The rock drills are operated bjy
air, and the excavated material is
drawn away by locomotives driven by
air under a pressure of between 180
and 1'JO atmospheres.
One of the features of the tunnel,
according to a Swiss correspondent
of The Engineer, is tbe adoption for
the dry portions uf the tunnel of a
masonry lining uf artificial stone instead of the natural stone hitherto
employed in Alpine tunnelling. This
artificial stone is composed of cement, limestone and sandstone, nnd
I
is being mnde nt, Ihe Brlgue end of
tbe tunnel. The correspondent suggests that this new departure, which
was strongly opposed at first, wns
Influenced by the success with which
composition stone aud ordinary
bricks have been used in England.
The work of lining la stated to have
been simplified by thiB new practice.
The nature of the work nt the
northern end or the tunnel is stated
to necessitate an immediate lining of
the excavated portion, and timbering
is being freely used to resist the Immense pressure. No blasting Ih permitted during the passnge of a train
through the original Simplon tunnel,
as the distance between the tunnel
and the heading Is only twenty-six
feet. The risk involved upon the first
funnel is stated to hnve heen estt-
mnted at $1100,000.
The lirst Simplon timtn.d, it may he
remembered, wns constructed by the
Swiss firm of Brnndt, Drnndnu, and
extraordinary precautions were tnken
for protecting the health and Uvea of
the workmen. The precautions, bow-
ever, were justified hy the results,
nnd a singularly difficult piece of engineering was carried through wilh n
marked absence ot illness. Tho necessity for a parallel gnll"ry for ventilation and drainage purposes made
the progress with the original Siin-
plou tunnel less rnpid than tbnt now
taking place.
Tbe Ilrst Alpine funnel, the Mont
Cenis, Ih se*en and a half miles lung,1
and took over thirteen years to con j
struct, The si. Ootltard, nine mnl
three quarter miles long, took nine
nnd throe .pintler years; the Arlberg,
six nnd one i|iiailer miles lung, three
years; (lie Bliuploii, twelve and one-,
quarter miles loug, six and one half
years; and lhe Lotschborg, nine miles
long, lour yenrs. At the present rale
of progress Hlmplou 11 should bo
completed in about ium and uue half
years,
Potato Competition
Nc, ;i PLOT.
Fourth Week I worked on Hatur
day tive hours cultivating and sowing
fertilizer. Worked Weilneudny 2 hours
putting gopher poison in the boles.
1 have potatoes up iu some rows. It
is lucky for me thut they were nol
up Saturday lor n lot uf people gol
theirs froaon black.
VLDERT HENRY   WEBB
PLOT 11.
Fourth Week, June 10—1 cleared
what was not cleared ami finished
out sonic rows. 1 planted :t rows
and cultivated about one third of the
plot nud prepared for the.1 next week.
1 put in two hours work.
WILLIE DANIELS.
PLOT '.».
Planted 17 rows of potatoes, cleared two-thirds of my land.
Six and a half hours' work at 15
cents per hours, $1,00.
BERNARD LEES.
PLOT 11.
Third Week—Started to cultivate
my land.   Three hours.
B.  L. BRICtGS.
PLOT 7.
Second Week—1J  hours on Wednesday at IS cents nn hour, 22$c.
Third Week—2 hours on Saturday
at 15c an hour, 30. Total 52J cents.
This time bas been used for planting
potatoes.
MERRITT  LEASK.
PLOT 5.
Third Week—Planted 38 rows, cleared my land three parts. Time;- 10
hours.
HERBERT FYLKS.
Wednesday, June 10—I watered my
smnll garden and helped to get the
potatoes ready for planting. Then I
cultivated half my Innd. I found
two potatoes up.
The weather was very changeable.
Expenses: 2 hours at 15 cents per
hour, HO cents.
CORDON M. ARGUE
PLOT 13
In May cJ'ared plot aud started to
put in rows. After putting in about.
three-quarters of the plot started to
cultivate it. Before potatoes were
cut they were sprinkled with a liquid
matter to kill all germs. Potatoes
were cut so as to leave two or three
good eyes. There are nbout fourty-
foiir or forty-five rows in a plot,
and about twenty or twenty-one potatoes in eacb row, being one yard
apart.
FRED W. SWAIN, dr.
PLOT 10.
The first day I cleared it all In 2
hours. The next day planted 2 rowB
In J hour. Then the third, Wednesday. I planted nil my potatoes, 44
rows, in 3 hours.
I   hour   15
5J hours  82i
SYDNEY   MURGATROYD
D U R A B L E--Fire  grates are three-sided;
last three times as long.   Shaped  in the
M'ClaryS
Sunshine
J/?rMMr,^ to grind up clinkers
JTuiMaCC when "rocked". See
the McClary dealer or write for booklet, h
Sold by Patmore Bros., Cranbrook, B. C.
Evening Subject—"Missions in Mexico."
Onward  Bible Class at 3 p. in.
All are invited to the above services.
Sorgt. Major School will give his
stroui; led ure on "Tllfl Truth About
Mexico" in the church Monday evening ul  8 o'clock.
Baptist Church
Bev. (i. E3. Kendall, pastor.
Morning Worship, 11 a. m.—Topic,
"Choosing the Way of Life" or
"God's Plan for My Life."
Sunday  Sehool—3.00 p.  in,
Fellowship Bible Olass—3,00 p. m.
Evening Worship, 7.30 p. ni.—Topic,
"Seeking the Lord While He Is
Near."
Baptist Young People's Union Mondny 8.00 p. in.   Missionary meeting.
Social Prayer Meeting, Wednesday,
8.00 p. m.
Junior B. Y. P. U. Fridny, 4.15
p. m.
Week-end meeting for supplication
Satnrdny, 8.00 p. m. "Come thou
with us anil we will do thee good for
the Lord hath spoken good concerning  Israel."
Presbyterian Church
Rjjv. W. K. Thomson, pastor.
Morning Service, 11 a. m.—Subject,
'John the Baptist."
Evening Service. 7.30 p. m.—Subject— Jobn 10-17: If uny man willetb
to do His will, he shall know of the
doctrine whether it he of God or
whether I speak of Myself.
Selections by Choir at each service.
Choir leader, Mrs. E. Patterson; organist,  Mi*.  H. Stephens.
Sunday School and Bible Class, at
3 p. m.
Knox Literary and Debating Society Wednesday at. S p. m.
'He that dwelletb in the secret
place of the Most Hinh shall glide
under the shadow of the Almighty."
'tv
Guess Work.
Things may come out all right if you trust to
guess work, Inn there is an uncertainty about it
and in many cases the results are distinctly unsatisfactory, 'iiic household run on guesswork
is not managed as it shuuld be. Knowledge full
ami sure is tiie only guide, and the housewife may
have that knowledge regarding prices, qualities,
the best time and the best place to fill her household requirements, by keeping close tub on the
advertisements There is news in the advertising columns that is just as interesting as the other
parts of the paper, and which will eliminate guess
work.
aiiliiy'
PLOT 8.
On the 29th May I went up and
planted 11 hours, 221 conta. On 28th
Mny 1 went up and planted nnd cleared IJ hours, 221 cents. Total, 45
cents.
KBW1N MALCOLM.
First Week—Wednesday, 2 J hours,
marked out plots and threw away
grass roots. Friday—2 hr,*, finished
throwing out grnss roots and planted one row. Hnturdny—fi brs, planted 38 rows nnd dug all the holes.
Second Week—Mondny—2 hrs, finished planting nnd lined out grass
and clover roots. Wednesday—2 hrs,
cleared paths and cultivated half of
the plot.
Third Woek—Friday, l.J hours, hoed
out|grnss rootB ami finished cultivating. —No Signature.
lived a fairly good life, which of
them does God forgive the more' readily?
11. On whnt conditions does God
forgive a sinner no matter bow vile
he has been? (This is one of the
questions which may be answered in
writing by miambers of tbe club,)
12. Verse 14—What is the moral
difference, if any, between two men,
of equal ability, and in tho same social circle, one converted when he
was a boy, and the otber after be
had spent thirty years in sin?
13. Wbat is the spirit which brings
humiliation, and the spirit which
brings exaltation?
14. Chapter xix;l-2—What value
may we give to riches today as an
Index of character?
15. Are bad men as likely to he
rich;as good men, and wby?
16. Is there nny necessary sin, or
virtue, in being rich?
17. Verses 3-4—Is the desire to
see Jesus natural or supernatural?
18. Would you say or not, and
why, that Cod had enkindled in the
heart of Zacchaeus a desire to see
Jesus?
19. If a mnu professes that he
wants Christ's salvation and takes
but little pains to obtain it, what
nre his chances of being successful?
20. Verses 6-6—Which commences
tbe search, Christ for the sinner, or
the sinner for Christ?   Why?
21. How long does it take Jfesus
to respond to the sinner who seeks
bim?
22. Verse 7—What was Christ's supreme mission to tho earth?
23. Verses 8-10—Is restitution essential today, for men who have defrauded others, before they can obtain salvation?
Lesson for Sunday, June 21, 1914,
The (Ireat Refusal.   Mark x:l7-31.
Salvation Army Hall
Hanson Avenue
3 p.m.—Sunday School and Adult
Bible class.
7.30 p.m.-Open Air service at the
Oranbrook Hotel.
S p.m. -Gospel Meeting in Cltadsl.
Catholic Church
*. _
Sundays-Low mnss at 8.30 a.m.,
ligh mass 10.30 a.m; Sunday School
from 2 to 3 p.m.; Rosary and Benediction  at  7.30  p.m.
Mondays and holy days ot obligation-Muss at 8 p.m.
W€ek days—Mass at fi a.m. at ttio
hospital.
r. Pi an ion don, O.M.T.
ALARM
BLOCKS
Fifty-seven different
kinds from
$1.50
to
Methodist Church
Rov. W. kIhimi Dunham, pastor.
Bunitay Sorvlcos auatnv u.
Bchool, (ormorly sergeant major In
tlio Hoyiil Nortli Wost Mounted Police, will spoil), nl. II ll. iii. mnl ?.IIII
|>l   III.
Horgl, Mlljnr Bolltiof Ih olirouto
homo In hh Moilco whom ho hns wll
mwii'il Mi,< horrurs nl ll„' Nnllniiiil
Trilgndy HOW ilniwlni: In I, ,'1'iHi'. II,'
Iiiih tllBO hml n wldo 0X|I0I'|0IIC0 In At-
rii-n.
Morning Subject  "MlnelonB in   Al
Suggestive Questions
For Sunday School Lessons
(Copyright 1914, by llev. t. S. Un
scott, I). D.)
The Friend of Sinners, Luke svllli-
9-14; xlx:Ml).
Golden Toxt—] came not to call
thc righteous, but sinners. Mark Ul-
17.
1. Verse !i -What is the sin of self
righteousness?
2. If a man knows that Christ has
saved him from sinning, Is it wrong
or not, and why, for him to tell it?
3. If n mun desidses otliers no
matter how bad they may be, what
Is his character?
4. Verse 10—Is it the duty of both
saints nnd sinners lo attend church
und lo pray while there?
5. Verses 11-12- Whnl. is the llfljlilll-
ty of prominent church mon today bo-
coming like this Pharisee?
li. In the fact thut n man prays
proof that  he in n good mun?
7. How tlo you account for it that
from this story a man may piny, lm
honest, just, virtuous, a tither, and
Htlll  not  be  right  with  (lod?
x.   in whnl does righteousness con
Hblt ?
9, Verse 13 How hud must a slit-
lidl he ho Ibul bin cry for mercy will
not be hen nl?
Id. When Iwo Bill HOI'S come to Ood
for Salvation, om- of them having
been very bad, nud the other having
$5.00
See samples in our window
F. Parks & Co.
HARDWARE   and   HOUSE
FURNISHINGS
CRANBROOK,   -   British Columbia
SteamshipTicket Office
SAFETY        SPUED        SPLENDOR
Cniiiulian   I'acllic   Itoyal   Mail
Steamers.
Allan Line Itoyal Mail Steamers.
French Line to Havre,
White Star New York and Canadian Service.
Cunnril Line, New York anil Canadian Service.
Canadian Northern Itoyal Mall
Steamora.
DonalilHnn Lino lo Glasgow,
Anchor Llm* In Glnugow.
North Gorman l.ioyd.
Largest mui Fastest Btoamjrsj
ohoapost far™- direct sailing, Antwerp ami Hamburg connections,
Osormonitt, Krakan and nil othor
Continental points,
liny your ti.'kriH whoro you get
your train.
.1.    W.    SI'IS NOW, '
THE PROSPECTOR, CRANBROOK, BRITISH COLUMBIA
H+H
Professional   Carbs
- anb -
£ob(je   Hotices
+++4.^..|..I.^..H-l-I-H-l-!--l-l-t-!-l—I+H-I-I+-H*
Cranbrook Farmers' Institute
ANCIENT ORDER OF FORESTERS
Court Cranbrook No. 8943.
Meet in    Maple    Mall,    on    2nd    and
4th Thursday ol eacb month.
J.  McLAOHLUN.   O.R.
Louis Pearson, Sec., P.O. Boi 018.
Visiting Brothers Cordially Welcomed
OVERSEAS   CLUB
(Oranbrook Branch)
Meets   in   Maple    Hall on the 2nd
and 4th Tuesdays In every montb, nt
I p.m.   Membership opea to British
Citizens.
. B. Y. Brake, Pree.
I.. Pearron, Secretary
Box CIS
Vleltlng members cordially welcome
CRANBROOK   LODGE   No
A. F. & A. M.
Regular   meetings   on  tbe
third   Thursday   ot   every
month.
Visiting brethren welcome.
H.  Hiatenbotham,  W.M.
J. Lee Crunston, Sec.
34
ROCKY   MOUNTAIN   CHAPTER
No. 125, R. A. M.
Regular meetings:—2nd Tuesday tn
each month at eight o'clock.
Sojourning    Companions   are   cordially invited.
Ki. Comp.—A. 0.  Shankland, E.
Cranbrook, B.O.
Pres.— A.   II.   Smith
Sec.-A,b. H.  Webb
Mootlngs    are    held on the Third
Thursday in tho month at 8 p.m. ln
the old GymnaBium All Welcome.
Women's Institute
Meets in the Carmens' Hall 1st
Tuesday afternoon lu every month
at 3 p.m. The fancy work classes
meets on 3rd Friday evening in the
same place at 8 p. m.
Mrs, 13. H. Leaman,' President
Mrs.   J.   Shaw,   Sec-TreaB
P. 0. Box 442.
All ladies cordially invited.
WATER   NOTICE
For a License to take and use water.
Notice iB hereby given that Carl
Brinkmann, of St. Eugene Mission,
Cranty-ook, B. C, will apply for a license to take and usi* 20 inches of
water out of Joseph Creek which
flows in a northerly direction and
empties into St. Marys River.
The water Ib to he directed from
the stream on the west side nbout.
900 feet from the south-east corner of
Lot 11570 and will he used for irrigation purposes on the land described as Lot 11570, Group One, Kootenay District.
This notice was posted on the
ground on the 22nd day of May, 1914,
The application will be tiled iu the
office of the Water Recorder at Craubrook.
Objections may be tiled with the
said Water Recorder or with the
Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria,  B.  C.
CARL BRINKMANN,
Applicant
•21-4t.
Character Sketch
T.   T.   M c V I T T I E
P.L.B.   *   O.H.
ORANBROOK,    ...    B.O.
HARVEY,   McCARTER,   MACDONALD
and NISBET
Barrister!, Solicitor! and Notaries
Money to Loan
Imperial Bank Building
CRANBROOK,    -    Brltleh Columbia
KNIGHTS    OF    PYTHIAS
Cranbrook, B.O.
Orescent Lodge, No. 33
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p.m.
at Fraternity Hall.
A. Hurry, C. (J.
E. Halsall, K. ot R. & S.
E. A. Hill. M. F.
Vleltlng brethren cordially Invited
to attend.
I.O.O.F.,    KEY    CITY    LODGE
Do. 43
Meete every Monday ntght
tt Eew   Fraternity   Hall.
Sojourning Oddfellows cordially invited.
J. Turnley W. M. Harris
N. O. Bee'y
PRIDE    OF    CRANBROOK
Circle No.   163
Companions ot the Forest
Meets in Maple Hnll , First nnd
Third Wednesday ol each month at
8:00 p.m., sharp,
Mrs. A. M. Laurie. O. O
Mrs. A. E. Hhaw, Bee.
Compantone   eordlally   val-
utr
LAIDLAW   &   DE   WOLF
Civil   and  Mining Engineers-British
Columbia Land Surveyor!
Phone 211
...    B.O.
P.O. Box 236
ORANBROOK,
Drs.    KING    ft    GREEN
Physicians and Surgeons
Office at Residence,  Armstrong Ave.
Office Hours:—
Forenoons - - 9.00 to 10.00
Afternoons - - t.00 to   4.00
Evenings - - - 7.30 to   I.S0
Sundaye  - - ■ 1.30 to   4.10
Cranbrook, B.O,
F. M. MacPherson
UNDERTAKES
Norbury Avenue Nest to Citv Hall
Open D»jr and Night Pboae US
Visiting
come.
CRANBROOK LODGE
No.     1M»
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m.,
ln Itoynl Blnck
Knights' Hull on
linker  Street.
W. Mntthbwe, dlotntor,
v. Carlson, Box 766, Secretary,
INDEPENDENT  ORDER  OF
FORESTERS
Masts in Royal Black Knight* Hsll
Baker Street
Meets every 2nd and 4th Thureday
ot each month at 9 p.m. sharp.
Mrs. L. Haywnrd, ree. sec,
W. B. MacFarlane, chief ranger
Vleltlng brethren mado welcome.
The  Cranbrook   Poultry   and   Pet
Stock Association
President—A. B. Smith.
Meete regularly on tbe First Friday
evening of ench montb.
Information on Poultry mutters
supplied.
AddrcsH tbo Secretary -W. W. Mc-
(ii-egiir, Cranbrook,
Loyal Orange
Lodge No. 1871
W. R.  BEATTY
Undertaker,
Embalmer,
Funeral Director,
CRANBKOOK, B.C.
P.O. HOX i'i85
PHONE 346
Cranbrook
Cottage Hospital
GARDEN AVE.
Matron:    Mrs. A. Salmon
Terms on Application
Phone 259 P. O. Box 845
NOTICE
OF   CANCELLATION
RESERVE
OP
8 p.tu
Innd fiiill nt,
Welcome.
R. S. Uarrett, W. M.
W. Dunstan, Itec. See,
Meets   lul.   nnd !
itrd Thureday in :
It uynl    lllnck
Kulghtl of Ire-1:
sharp.   VlHltorn.
Notice is hereby given that a reserve, notice of which appeared in
thc B.C. Gazette, on October 10th,
1912, Is cancelled in so far ae it relates to the following expired timber
licences:—
9082, 11847,
'iW.lt, 26787,
3031,8, 81180,
31330, 31481,
IIM.VI, 334110,
1111.102, 87680,
41420   nnd   43170.
It. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Ministor ol Lands.
IjuiiIh Dopnrtinont,
Vlotorin, HI'., March 31st, 1914.
i:> 8m.
■mi
23116,
28188,
81201,
lllltll,
111310,
| 41844,
21907,
22661,
26926,
2.4182,
31184,
31186,
32022,
32711,
84221,
34273,
379113,
117994,
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French regulator; ut ver lulls. TheM
jiIIIm ihu exciicdlnifly power lul In regulating Iht
I'i'iirt.iiivi.' it'iitmn ul Um It-mule nvHtem. Kcfuu
nil i Ihmji Imiui imin. I>r. <U Van'e art sold tl
tt, ii lum, nr tliR'ti lor llll. Mai lul In any addraia
lb. hw.Im.IL Hing «»•» «• UttbftrlMM. U»fc
HON. PRANCIH COCHRANE.
Minister of Railways
Hon. Francis Cochrane, Minhitarof
Railways and Canals in ihi! Borden
Government, han left Canada for a
much-needed reBt. The career of Mr.
Cochrane since assuming otlice han
undoubtedly been characterized by
devotion to duty, self-sacrifice and i
keen regard for the public weal. Even his political opponents assert that
his industry bas heen his physical undoing, and 'that had he heen less eager for work he would not have been
compelled to seek a rest during the
middle of the session. While Ms general ihealth is not shattered, yet, acting upon the advice of his doctors
and his colleagues, he has thought
it wiser to leave the scene of his labors for a short period.
Next to Public Works, it is well
known that there is no other department in the public service at Ottawa
more exacting and more strenuous.
When it is recognized that the pros-;
perity and advancement of the Dominion of Canada are linked up with
waterways and railway transportation, the greatness of the task devolving upon the minister in charge
can be realized. Mr. Cochran.; has
been unceasing in his activities since
he assumed office. One would have
thought that the unfortunate heritage of the Laurier Government would
have been enough to have occupied
his whole time for years to come.
But it was not bo. With the eye of a
master, he surveyed the whole transportation' problem from const to
coast. He saw what was lacking,
and be supplied the need. He did not
talk much, but inaugurated the movement of doing things.
A MAN OP SILENCE.
Indeed, much of the success attending upon the administration of the
Minister of Railways and Canals is
due to his silence. Hitherto it has
almost been accepted as an axiom in
the life of a successful public man
that volubility ou all occasions
should prevail. But Mr. Cochrane
had no patience witb such a doctrine.
A successful result has been noticed,
particularly fn the House of Commons, where railways and canals provide an every-ready subject for the
loquacity of certain eastern ami west-
tern Liberal members. One of the, interesting features in the House ol
Commons is tbe striking contrast between Hon. Henry R. EmiueiBon, becoming known on account of his
fondness in the House for speech-
making as "The Maritime Unlimited," who waB formerly Minister of
Railways in the Laurier Cnbinet, and
Hon. Francis Cochrane, the preaant
Minister. Emmersou, with rolling
periods and violent gestures, tries to
ture Mr. Cochrane from his den of silence, but. the Minister of Railways,
politely refuses to be drawn into nny
argument which would waste the time
of the House and country. Time and
again has Mr. Emmerson tried, but
time and again he has been baffled,
nnd Mr. Cochrane has thus done a
great service to his country.
IN 8PBECH, BRIEF AND POINTED
The Minister of Railways and Canals, in the House of Commons, is
brief but pointed. While chary of
receiving a reputation for verbosity,
he is polite in his answers and clear
in hia speeches. Without flourish or
frill, hi- enunciates a principle or outlines an argument and is done with
it.
In the administration of his department he exhibits thc snme .mali-
tli-B which have gained admiration
and respect In the House of Commons. Deputations nnd interviewers
daily lie fn wall for him nt. his olllci
In the West Block on Parliament
Hill. Rome approach lilm with ex
(rnvagant propositions, othors with
feasible projects, hut all of them receive consltl-rntlon on tbelr merits.
None of them suceeed iu wasting the
Minister's time. It Is safe to say
that there are few men in the country In any prominent position who
cnn see Into the heart of n subject
more quickly than thfl present Minis
ter of Railways. He has an almosl,
uncanny perception iu weighing the
merit/* or demerits of men and tilings,
Mr. Cochrane haH thua prowanted tbo
country from being rushed into expenditures unnecessary and extravagant.
A FITTING PROTOTYPE.
If, in modern history, it were necessary to And a prototype to Frank
Cochrane the name of Abraham Lin-,
coin comes naturally to mind. Both
men possess the same rugged virtueB
in their dealings with men. Both
men are bluntly honest, caring for
iif man's opinion when they are i.
the right. But, like the great American statesman, the Canadian Minister of Railways and Canals is kind-
hearted and just. He is single purposed—to make his work tell for the
good of the people who have placed
lilm in a great position of public
trust and have given over into hie
charge the transportation interests
Mini luuv such an important bearing
upon the whole prosperity and well-
being of the country. \
No more striking example of the
industry of Mr, Cochrane can be
found than the long and arduous trip
which he took in the summer of 1912
into the wilds of Northern Canada,
when the Bubject of the construction
of the Hudson's Bay Railway was
under consideration. Many another
minister would have been content to
have sat In his office and accepted
the testimony and reports of his engineers. But it was not bo with Mr.
Cochrane. He took long train journeys, treked through forest and
marsh, canoed down the long stretch
of the Nelson River until he reached
its mouth, and then spent weeks at
this port on Hudson'B Bay, going
carefully into all'its qualifications to
he thc terminus of the railway that
ia now under construction. Such experiences as were encountered by the
Minister of the Crown could never be
repaid by a country in cash. It waB
an exhibition of doing one'B duty
which will ever remain an example to
every Canadian. Only the other day,
on his recovery from a recent sickness, the Minister took a long jour-
nery over the Intercolonial to enquire into the workings of the
tem. ThiB he did againBt the advice
of his physicians.'
THEY ALL TELL
OF HIS INDUSTRY
Hon. Frank Cochrane has done s
work that will remain as a monument to his industry and ability.
The construction of the Hudson's
Bay Railway, the deepening of the
Wclland Canal, the carrying on of
the great Natianal Transcontinental,
the placing upon business principles
of the Intercolonial, and the creation
of the great terminals on the Hudson's Bay are real* achievements that
will remain long gfter him.
In appearance, the Minister of Railways and Canals suggests strength of
mind and virility, of purpose. The
strong, spare frame and the well-
tanned skin speak of the years spent
in the northern part of Ontario amid
its forests and streams. Though
most of his life haa been spent in
Ontario, the Minister was born In
Quebec, at Clarencevitle, in 18f>2. He
liaB been a resident for many years of
Sudbury, where he is the uncrowned
king. He waa first elected to the Ontario Legislature iu May, 1905, and
became Minister of Lands and Mines
in the Whitney Government,
In 1911, when the anti-reciprocity
wave swept the country, Hon. Mr.
Cochrane was selected by Premier
Borden to tilt tbe portfolio of Rail
ways and Canals, though he was uot
a member of the Federal House at
the time. The striking tribute to his
ability was confirmed by the electors
of Nipissiug a few we.»ka later, when
tliey selected him by acclamation
their member.
There is no doubt but tbat the
dogged purpose which has carried
him through a long life from one success to another will also bring him
hack to Canada restored to health.
Hon. Frank Cochrane is a big man
in the national life of the Dominion,
and he can he ill-spared, because he
typilies in himself all the qualities
which go to the building up of a
healthy and  Midi ordered nationhood.
motion. Do not injure the berry in
anyway, either by pressure or by
tearing it Ioobb from the calyx or
"hull."    Pick   the   vines clean    and
place soft I berries in separate cupa for
the cannery, throwing the culls away.
5. Pack the berries in a cool shed
having plenty of light. Before packing remove the berries from the picking cups, placing them upon a cloth
covered packing frame. Be sure the
berries are perfectly dry before packing. Forcing currents over the'bes-
ries while they are upon the framea
removes all moisture, brings out the
lustre on tbe fruit and leaves it in a
cool condition.
€. Use experienced packers. For
long distance shipments make at
least three grades. (A;. Distant
Market Grade, using only sound partially colored fruit. (B). Lo>:al
Market Grade, using Bound and well
colored fruit. (C). Cannery Grade,
which includes a good quality of ripe
fruit. All berries showing the least
indication of decay or deterioration
are culls and must he thrown away.
Such berries will spoil tbe rest , of
the crate.
7. To determine- the proper color
that berries should have for | loug distance shipment hy express the beBt
plan is to study tbe train schedules
and determine the amount of time
it will require the berries to arrive
at tbe destination. Pick several cupB
of berries at different stages of maturity and place them in a tempera
ture of 65 degrees. At the end of
thc given time inspect the berries and
determine which is in the Jhest shape.
For this test the cups should be
wrapped up in newspaper and the
time of thfe test ahould be two or
three days over the actual train
time.
8. When packing for market use
uniform sizes .of berries, placing them
in clean, new cupa. Have the top
layer of berries come slightly above
the outside edge of the cups and have
the rows faced evenly so as to give
an attractive appearance.
9. As soon as packed place the
cupa in tbe crate and keep In a cool
place. In nailing on covers use four
nails to the cleat. Do not nail sup-
erfloUBly aa lt irritates the consumer
and deflects from tbe packer's reputation.
10. Cool the berries down to 60
degrees hefore shipping. This may he
done by leaving the fruit in the night
air and shipping in the morning.
RASPBERRIES.
1.   Pick the berries aa soon as the
fruit will slip   off the core   without
crumbling or mashing.   Every   berry
tbat is red must come off the]vine.
Pickers must use small carriers
attached to the waist bo as to hold
the cups. Pick directly into tb? shipping cup and never tranafer from one
receptacle to another any raspberries
that are to he shipped. Have a separate cup for cannery berries. Throw
away any berries abowing decay. Do
not put one over-ripe berry in the
shipping cup aB it will spoil the rest
nnd the market condition of the
whole crate will be ruined.
3. Berries should uot be picked
while the bushes are damp, either
from dew, rain or fog, except for
cannery purposes.
4. See tbat the cups are filled full,
having all the cornerB flll'd to the
top.
5. Pickers muat. not pinch the berries, noi- hold them in the hand to be
crushed. The berry should be taken
firmly between tbe fore-tlnger and the
thumb, with a lateral twist removed
from the core and placed directly In
the shipping cup. Pinching makes
red discoloration after the berry has
been on the mbrket a few dayB, which
ia followed by premature softening
and decay.
6. As booh as picked place the
cupB in the crate which Bhould
kept In a coot place. Never allow
berries to stand in the sun or dust
after being picked. For express shipments cool the berries to 60 degrees
by fanning with night air and ship
the following morning.
CRANBROOK   LAND   DISTRICT
District of South-East   Kootenay
TAKE NOTICE that John Henry
LiBmer, of Cranbrook, B. C, occupa
tion laborer,intends to apply for per
mission to purchase the following
described lands:—
Commencing at a poat planted at
the South-west corner of Lot 9687,
Group 1, Kootenay District, thence
weat 20 chains, thence north 40
chains, thence east 20 chains, thence
south 40 chains to the point of commencement und containing 80 acres
more or less.
JOHN HENRY LISMER.
Dated March 30th, 1914. 14
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that, sixty
dayB from date hereof,  I  intend to
apply to tbe  Minister of   Lands for
Licence to  prospect for  Coul  and
et roleum over the following described landa, altuate in the Fernie
District of South Eaat Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the North East corner of Lot 8593,
being the North West corner; thence
South 80 chains, East 80 chains,
North 80 chains and West 80 cbalna
to point of commencement, and containing (.40 acres more or leas,
crated    this   20th day of March,
1914.
FRED LOOMI8, Locator.
20 JameB Fiaher, Ag.*nt
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice ia hereby given that, sixty
days from date hereof, 1 intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over tbe following described lands, situate in the Fernie
District of South EaBt Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted a-
bout One Mile EaBt of the Northeast
corner of Lot 7284, being the Northwest corner, thence South 80 chains,
EAst 80 chains, North 80 chains, and
West 80 chains to point of commence
ment, and containing G40 acres more
or less.
Located  this 20th  day    ol    March,
1914.
10 JAMES  FISHER.  Locator
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that, sixty
days from date hereof, I intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over the following described lands, situate in the Fernie
DiBtrlct of Soutb East Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
tbe South EaBt corner of Lot 7113,
being the South West corner; thence
North 80 chains, East 80 chaina
South 80 cbalna and West 80 chaina
to point of commencement, and containing 640 acreB more or less.
Located this 19th day of March,
1914.
HORACE C. PEYTON, Locator
20 James Fisher, Agunt
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that, Bixty
dayB from date hereof, I intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over the following described lands, situate In tbe Fernie
District of South Eaat Kootonay, lu
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the South Kast roller uf Lot 859C
being til' N. E. corner; theuce South
K0 chains, West 80 chains, North SO
chains and East AU chains to point
of commencement, containing 640
acres more or less.
Located this HOth  day   of    March,
1914.
20 JAMES  FISHER, Locator
COAL   ANB   PETROLEUM   NOTICH
Notice is hereby given that, sixty
days from date hereof, I intend to
apply to the Minister of LandB for
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over the following described lands, situate in the Fernie
Diatrict of South East Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
or near the Northeast corner of Lot
7334; helng the South Eaat corner;
thence North 40 chains, West 80
chains, South 80 chains, and Eaat
chains to point of commencement
and containing 640 acreB more or
less.
Located    this 23rd day of March,
1914.
20 JAMES FISHER.  Locator
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that, sixty
days from date hereof, I intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over the following described lands, situate in the Fernie
Diatrict of South Eaat Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the North East corner of Lot 8734
being the South WeBt corner; tbence
North 80 chains,thence East 80
chains, thence South 80 chains, and
West 80 chains to point of commence
ment and containing 640 acres more
or less,
Located this 22nd day of March,
1914.
HARRY BRAUER,  Locator.
20 James Fisher,  Ag»nt
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICE
Notice is hereby given that, sixty
days from date hereof, I intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a Licence to proBpect for Coal and
Petroleum over the following described lands, situate in the Fernie
District of South EaBt Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the Soutb Eaat corner of Lot 8596,
being the South West corner; thence
North 80 chaina, East 80 chains.
South 80 chains, and West 80 chains
to point of commencement nnd containing C40 acres more or lesB.
Located  thin 20th day   of   March,
1914.
20 JAMES  FISHER,  Locator
Dept. of Agriculture
Horticultural Branch
Rules for Picking, Grading and
Shipping Strawberries and
Raspberries
STRAWBERRIES.
1. Make pickings aa soon aB the
color of the berries indicates tbe
proper market maturity. For loug
express shipment pickings should hi
mado when berries show about one-
third color, the degree of color depending upon    the distance    of    the
market.
2. Make frequent pickings, going
over the vines on alternate days. Immediately nfter a period of rain go
over the whole patch, cleaning up all
the fruit and sending the fruit tbnt
Is lit to tb" cannery,
3. Pick in the cool pnrt of the day
if possible and do not allow fruit lo
fltnml in the sun or dust after pick
lag. Carry the stands to the parking shed At once after they have been
filled.
4. Each picker should he provided
with stands bidding six cups, lie
move the berries from the vine by
breaking the st  over tbe forefinger  In giving tin* berry a little   side
The Land Speculator
and tne Manufacturer
STNOPBIS   or   COAL   HINIMtt
REGULATIONS
Oo»l mining right, of th. Dominion
In Manitoba, Sukntchtwu nnd Al
b«rt», Um Yukon Ttrrltory, tht Nortt
WMt Ttrritoriw nnd in * portion ol
tha ProTlnoa ol Britiah Oolumbla,
may ba laaaad lor a tarm ol twanty-
oct yaara at an annual rantal al |1
an acre. Not mon than 2,WO aarat
will ba laaaad to ont applieant.
Application lor a leaee muat bt
madt by tht applicant In ptrton tt
tha Agent or Sub-Aftnt ol tht dla
trict in which tht rlghtt applltd lor
ara attuatad.
In turveytd ttrrltory tht land mutt
bt deecrlbed by aactiona, or Itgal tub
dlvliioni ol tectiont, and tn untur
vtytd territory tht tract applied lot
ahall bt ttaked out by tha applicant
hlmaelt.
Bach application mutt bt accompanied by a Im ol 15 which will be
refunded 11 the rlghtt applied for art
not arailablt, but not otherwite. A
royalty ahall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tbe
rate of Ave cents ptr ton.
Tht ptrton operating tht mint ahall
furnlth tha Agent with aworn returnt
accounting lor the full quantity ol
merchantable eoal mined and pay tht
royalty thtreon. If the coal mining
rlghta are not being operated, aueh
returna ahould be (urntahed at leaat
The land speculator Injures the
manufacturer principally in tour
ways: he increaeea the values of urban lots so greatly that the employees of factories cannot he properly
housed; he leaves city land low-ta tod
anil vacant, and grows rich from un-' 0nct a ytar.
earned increment, while the mainline- ( Tht lean will Include the coal mln
Hirer pays taies on both land anil ing rlghtt only, but tbe letiee mm}
Improvement; he Increases the price'** P."™1"*11,__ .1U."h.T.."?**!"'
of farm lands in the neighborhood of
cities and thus liinderti the development of rural markets for manufactured    goods; nnd, liniilly. when    lie
lias made Ills  fortune
available aurfact rights may bt con
aldered necessary for tht working ol
tht mint at the rate of S10.U0 an acre
Por full Information application
ahould be made to the Secretary ot
lie either buys j the Department ot the Interior, UH*
foreign goods or lie Hpciiils the grent-
er part of his lime anil money
abroad.
The elimination of the speculator
will make the path of the western
liiiitillfActiifr easier to travel. -In
dust rial ('lunula.
COAI,  AND  PBTROLBUM   NOTICK
Notice ts hereby given that, siity
days from date hereof, 1 intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands tor
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over the folluwing described lands, situate iu the Fernie
District of Houth Kast Kootenny, in
block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the South Host corner of Lot 8596,
helng the South Kast corner; thence
North 80 chains, West B0 chains,
South 80 chains, and Kast 80 chains
to point of commencement and containing tlln acres more or less.
Located  this 20th  day   of    March.
1914.
20 JAMES FISHER,  Locator
COAL   AND   PETROLEUM   NOTICK
Notice is hereby given that, siity
days from date hereof. 1 intend to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a Licence to prospect for Coal and
petroleum over the following described lands, situate in the Fernie
District of South East Kootenay, in
Block 4593.
Commencing at a post planted at
the South Host corner of Lot 11411,
being the South West corner; thence
North 80 chains, East 30 chainB,
South 80 chains, nnd West 20 chains
to point of commencement and containing 1C0 acres more or less.
Located this 27th day of March,
1914.
HARLAN  J. PEYTON, Locator.
20 James Fisher,  Afl'nt
ScobelPs Liquor, Tobacco
and Drujr Cure taffgLft
Alcohol, Tobacco and Drug». It cuuuttracti tht
■Rtcta almost loitanlly- ieihu<n all cm tap.
Altar taking tha treatment Ibcic will new bt any
need tuMtlnk lnt oilcan ti or uh 'Itut« ■(■In- tlea
bt flvta ttcrttly. Wt b»*t ytt lo htar ol uot
lillurc. Milled badtr separate mm lo aav ad'
drtii.  Pr lea IB 00 ho^oi I bom lor |10 00.
OutaitaM, Uai
mm, or to any Agent or Hub Agent ol
Dominion Lunds.
W.   W.   CORY,
Deputy MilifHter of the Interior
N.U.—Unauthorized   publication   ol
tbls advertisement wlll not be paid
lor.—80690. Jan. 3rd tf.
MADAM LAVAL'S
Cotton Root Compound Tablets
A  nKI.lAIILKHK11tII.ATOB
Tttcio I'llla art compounded with tlu greatoM
cart Ir.iiii tha muni tellable fciiirdii-N known tt
fciencc; nucli at art being uud with mui h iucccbi
by tllfl ni'i'il t I'lHrUlH tillynit inn* blliiwu.
Thev «re a apccllic Inr chr dlMreiilriK disorder*
to wlm I. tliciriiiKle (.offlmtul.im Is liable,
Frkc $'l a box. Ha. * (much ■irotigtr., Iti n
box. Nil.I nt all drug itorei. or by mall hum The
Lata! Drag Co., ai Oalkarlaee. Oat.
GOAL   AND  PBTROLBUM   NOTU'K
Notice in hereby given that, aiity
'iftyn from tinti* hereof, I Intend tn
apply tn thr Minister id Landa (or
a l.lmiri' to proipoct for Coal nml
Petroleum over the following described lamia, Bltuate in thr Pernio
District ol South Kant Konti'iiiiy, In
Ulock 4698.
Oommonolng nt n poHt planted nt
thr North Kimt corner of Lot B784,
bolng tho Houth Kaat corner; tlience
Nortli Hi) chaina, Went K0 chaina,
Hnuili Kll rhHliiri nud Kant HU rhniiitt
to point  ol  commencement  mnl QOD*
ininiiii! Mu acrea more or ienn.
Locatrri  thia  22nd  day   of    March,
1914.
N JAMEB KIHI1RH, Locator THE PROSPECTOR, CBANBROOK, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Radium and its Ores
Uy tt. a. a. Johnston,
The discovery of the clement   radium by Mme, Curie at the end of the
last century was the culmination of a
long series of experiments    and    re-
searches prosecuted by many invest!*
gators.   A few years previous to this
discovery Becquerel luul observed that
u   photographic   plate   wrapped    iu
hlack    paper   was markedly   affected
when  brought into proximinity with
u compound of uranium.     Later   on
Mine.   Curie   found   that   the   residues
left after the extraction of uranium
from its ores were much more active
in this respect  than  was uranium itself.     Stimulated   by this   discovery
Mine.    Curie   carried    her researches
still further and in the course   of   a
long and laborious series of separations of the conatituenta of these residues   found    that    there were two
bubstancea which  were capable of affecting a photographic plate   in   the
way    merit nuicd.     In   I tie course     of
these separations one of these   substances was found to associate itself
with the bismuth;  to this   substaure
Mme. Curie u,avv the name of polonium after her native country  Poland;
the other associated itself with barium and    on account of it* strongly
radio-active    properties    was   called
radium.
It must be remembered here that
radium itself has not been liberated
as a separate entity and that it is
only in its compounds such as the
chloride, bromide, nitrate, etc., that
it has been studied. These compounds are luminous of themselves
and have the power of imparting luminosity to many other substances
when brought into proximity with
them; they charge electrically vessels
containing them; they of themselves
give off heat continuously; they have
marked effect on photographic plat's
and in many other ways display remarkable properties.
These active properties of radium
arc due to a kind of decay by which
it, in all probability, gives rise to
other elements. This decay is so
uniform and of such potentiality that
the amount of radium in a snbstanrp
may he actually estimated from the
emanations issuing from it. This is
done hy means of an instrument ca!l-
cd an electrometer.
It is natural to suppose Uiat a substance possessing such unusual properties should at once attract attention with a view to ascertaining Its
possible practical applications, anl
nowhere has greater activity been
Bhown than in its possible application ns a curative agent for some of
the ills to which humanity hns fallen
heir; ami in this connection extensive
Investigations have been carried on
with a view to ascertaining the effect
of the emanations from milium upon
that greatest of human evils, malignant cancer. The results imve undoubtedly been most startling, but
the public would be well advised to
reserve final judgment upon the merits of radium as n curativo agent until the permanency of these results
have been proved, lu llie opinion of
the hest. authorities this muy not be
ascertained for some years to come.
Kor  nil   this  lhe   results  of  these    OX-
per I meats bnve boon of Bitch a   char
acter that  various Governments have
thought   iL expedient  to take    such
steps as will   tend to consorv
supplies of radium ores coming
in their jurisdiction uud in some
stances have gone so far mi to   pr
Mbit their export.
erous veins uf secondary origin furnished the only source of commercial
radium; tbe silver and copper-bearing
veins of Schneeberg in Saxony, Joa-
chlsmthal in Bohemia, and Resbanya
in Hungary, which sometimes bold
mure or less of the mineral pitchblende, are examples of .this kind. At
a few places In the world uranium-
bearing minerals have been found in
connection with certain sandstones
and conglomerates, rocks of sedimeu
tary origin. These rocks have been
formed from the detritus occasioned
by the breaking down, by aqueous or
other agencies, of vast quantities of
crystalline rocks, the constituents of
these rocks during transportation by
stream agencies have undergone a se
lective process according U> the laws
of gravity by which the heavier mln
erals have been segregated amongst
themselves; iu this way the uranium
h.-aring constituents of the crystal
line rocks have become concentrated;
these constituents have subsequently
become oxidized and have given rise
to a class of minerals different in
some respects tn those indicated pee
viously; examples of this kind are
the commercially Important deposits
of carnotite found within recenl years
Itlah..
the  fi
>f th.' principal
erals may   not
Hi*, which nineties BUCb as
ind  pitchblende
e    any
with
in Coloradi
Statas.
A  brief description
uranium    bearing mm
be out of place here.
The mineral    uranii
eludes a number of vi
cleveite,    brogerlte,
basin! on slight differences in compo
sitiun. is found as a primarj conatlt
uent of some rocks and also
as a secondarj I ral al >ng witb
ores of silvi i, o ip er, tea etc. It
is a heavy miners « I .1 specific
gravity of about 9 to 1.7 I ratei
rhe lustre varies from sul metallic
thr n -■:: gn asj b ■! ill and the I i
from grey through green and brown
to velvet black. It contains from 75
to 88 per cent of oxides of uranium.
Gmnir.it * occurs in the form of
rounded or flattened pieces frequently
with uraninite in dikes ;tn it ■■
It has a greasy lustre, aud Ln color
varies from reddish yellow to reddish brown. It occurs as an alteration of uraninite and Includes a number of sub-varieties.
Then there are a number of other
minerals more or less closely allied
with these in point of composition
and modfcs of occurrences, but which
need not be touched upon here as so
far they have not attained to any
commercial importance.
Then we come to that class of
uranium-radium minerals which are
found in sedimentary deposits, nnd
thi'se ,for the timo being at least bid
fair to attain to the greatest Importance commercially. Their mode
of formation bus already been touched upon. The principal mineral of
this clnss is carnotite a compound
con tain ing vanadium, uranium, ami
potassium ofleu with more or less
adventitious materials. Carnotite is
of a bright yellow color and appears
so for eaiLhy ur finely crystalline minerals having a bright yellow color,
lt. mlghl be well to provide oueBelf
with one or two simple instruments
for detecting radio-activity. An electroscope is particularly useful, hut
cannot always he carried about conveniently. For all practical purposes
a scintilloscope is the most convenient instrument; one may be hail for
about a dollar, but it should be carefully tested with a mineral of known
radio-active properties before taking
it to the field and great care should
be taken to maintain its efficiency;
its usefulness may soon van'sh
through careless handling,
General Description
of Geology
both   I1H  ll
vory iin,' powder
efflorescence.
mul nit u
Ah Iiiih already li-en Hinted tbo ores
of tiraniiini woro tbo tirst to attract
attention hh possessing nny unusual
radio-active properties and it in ftom
such ores tbat all of tbe radium ol
commerce ban been obtained. Radioactivity of greater or imn potentiality lias been observed in n great
vurlety nf materials both liiniiil and
solid, but whether tbls radio-activity iH in nil cases duo t.<. the prosence
nf radium i.j not absolutely clear.
The waters "f some springs an-
known to show considerable activity
and nn tltiH account wonderful curativo properties bave rightly nr
wrongly been ascribed ti them. The
petroleums issuing from many oil
wells show more or less radlo*activl
ty; some of the petroleum frum the
the Interlake Peninsula of the Prav-
ince of Ontario have been shown to
exhibit marked radio-activity; this
has been particularly marked In some
of tbe heavy oils fonn'l In the deeper
wells. Amongst the solid constltu
ents of the earth's crust., crystalline
rocks such as the granites bavi
noted as sources of radio-active emanations ami in this case the emnna-
tlonH are probably due to tho prosence ol uranium bearing minerals;
generally speaking, h . .ever, the
amount of uranium In those rocks Ih
ho minute thai Its presence may only lie detected i>y tbo most crltldall]
conduoted chomlcal analysis and tlio
Instances in whuh Lhe prosonco of
uranium is manifested In tho (onn of
a distinct mineral aro comparatively
rare and for Hm t pari nre found
In the courso grunlten known ns pog
malli.es;   occurrences   nl   this   kind [
have not  yel   h" n   found   to  he  |H ..tit -
aide sources ol uranium or   radium.
Until unite recently certain motalllf- ]
eryslnllim
In Gnnudn the number nf localities
in which uranium bearing minerals
are known to occur is comparatively
small and ho fur only small quantities have heen obtained from thom,
Many years ago the mineral urantn-
itc wan reported from Mnninlnse on
the eastern shore of Lake Superior
and was described under the name of
coracite. il was suid to occur in a
vein a inches In width iu syenite in
contact witli a trail rock. KflortH
lm ye been made at various times
within recent, years to rediscover this
vein (but. ho far these have been fruitless, The mineral uraconito, a sul
phate of uranium, has been observed
lining cavities in the magnetic iron-
ore ,if Bnowdon in Peterborough coun
ty and a similar occurrence has been
noted in Bdadoc in Hastings county;
a pegmatite in the township of I.yn-
doch in Renfrew county hus also
yielded specimens of minerals poss's-
sing radio-active properties. These
localities are in the Province of On-
tario.   In ti"- i'lovin ii    Quel	
uraninite and   its alteration  product
Ktimmite lur..- t n observed   at   the
Vitleneuve mica mme m the township
,,f Vllleneuve mul also In a pegraa
tite v.-iu in Wakefield, both In Otta
wa county; the mineral monazlte, B
phosphate ol mt" earths, which alio
'-..SSCSS-'S   •;:!:■- M't i'.-.-   |ir.,|u-r1|es,   has
been found at the Vllleneuve locality.   In the township ol Malsonnouve
in the county ol Berthier the mineral samarsklte haH been found in a
mica-bearing pegmatite; this mineral
was found by Hoffmann to contalt
ID.75 per rent of oxide of uranium
Uraninite is nlso km, wn t,. m-riir al
n mica mine aboul 18 miles north "!
Murray Hay iu tin- county ol Bag
uenny. At this locality t., , . i
mis ,1, un is mineral  i   lemhlln •
i its general v pcaranco
ed hy Dhalskl This mln
2,Rli per   cm  nt uranl
anthracite i
lias been li"
eral yielded
um.
While 10; vet im ci n mcrclal deposits nf uranium ores an knn 'n to '■*
int  in Canada then is nn reason tn
SIIPPO90   tllftt   such   inuy   not   he lound
and prospoctors    would  do well   to
maintain a close watch lor
anything
Hint mav contain this element.   Bpo    "'"'
rial  rogaril    should  hit had  Inr   anylthoy
niinerala with a pltnby lustre and al    paw.
Tho Macleod branch of the Canadian raeille railway HkntH llie eastern
edge of a belt ol hilly country which
lies t,, the east ,,f the fool lulls pro
rd'. Tli,- rocks in these lulls arc ol
eat ly Tertiary age and consist of col
,1 cl sandstones and clays  that   are
■ tposed ni tin, vicinity nt Oalgary
in,! westward, mi tin, Bow river, Hi
the diatrict under discission those
I",Is are found in the hills west ot
Okotoks und nre there seen lying al
most linra.ontnlly. To lhe west, up
Sheep nvcr, there aro occasional ex-
; osures, and neur the forks of the
rtwr tbe dip nf the strata is to lhe
ensr. thus showing tlic approach to
the western edge nf the Byncline. The
rocks beneath the heavj  bedded smnl
s  Buch us ure occasionally   seen
■ ri ; ping mi Hie sides of the hills, are
apparently varicolored shales and
sandstones dipping eastward and are
iu evidence oil the hanks of the
stream north ol the post-office at
Black Diamond. From beneath these
comes u thick scries of sandstones
which a short distance farther west
are tilted at higher angles,    and   as
seams are lound with them, they
may he provisionally correlated with
Edmonton beds.   As these   latter
sandstones    are of a harder    nature
than  the   rocks    above   and  below,
their presence is indicated by a line
,-! hills crossing the river valley and
through which    the two branches   of
Sheep river have cut channels.   This
line nf hills marks the eastern side of
n  long fold running parallel to   tbe
mountains, and. nt a   short distance
west, a similar ridge seems    to    he
formed by the westerly dipping beds
of  tbe  same    series,   thus   indicating
an    anticline.       The    rocks    exposed
across this portion between the hills,
are dark   colored marine shales    representing the Bearpaw or upper portion of the Pierre-Foxhill formations.
The intercalated    fivsh and  brackish
water member, the lielly River   series, conies very near the surface   In
the centre of the anticline. The presence of a sandstone witli markings resembling    plants,  indicates a change
in condition of deposition,  hut,   according lo the record of drilling operations un thia anticline, shales continued for nearly 300 feet before   the
sandstone  series  was  reached.    West-
wnrd "f (he   sandstone   rib on    tbe
west side of this anticline, a decided
break or fault  is indicated and low-
ei beds have beeu brought up. These,
both in   thickness   and   composition
resemble   the   Bearpaw   shales;   but
since at  the top, overlain by blaek or
brown shales, there occurs   a   sandstone   member   which is not to  be
found In the exposures of these shales
t,   the ,nst, it is concluded that they
represent the Olngget which is below
the Belly river.   Marine fosHils have
been collected frum this series,    but
they   nre   not    uf   species    definitely
characteristic uf any horizon,   These
shales    overlie    lhe    Ninbiniallcnton
nud the Dakota, but uo exposures of
cither are   here found as tbe lowest
beds of the anticline are shales of the
Hame series.   The axis nf this   anticline passes just  In the west of Line-
liam ford.    For some distance   west,
the   shales   continue with    moderate
westerly dips, but a broken snnc   Is
reached near the eaaksro boundary of
section 33, in which there iH cnliHid-
eiul.lc   folding   and   tbe    thin sand-
st "ties found in this shale series   arc
ri pcated   several times.   This    sand-
sti ne ih probably tin'  scries called by
Hi     Cairns   lhe   ('anllum sandstone
and    it    is expected that In    places
' nc    il   may be obtained from   It.
The   outcrops   in places are   stained
With   pal nihil   which   can   tie  detected
only   hy   treatment   wltll    u Hulvent
such ns chloroform, and In this way
a   trace ol heavy oil can alHu ho obtained.    A   hand   of steeply inclined
bods   nf   Dolly    lliver   sandstone   Is
found jusl above ihe month nf Macn-
, k, nml  ia thoso tbere are two
horizons similarly stained with paraffin,   (mc at about th ntro Ih sup-
pu'i-d   in   ii'iu'oiichi  ttie beds    from
which  i a- oil  wan ol,tallied  in   the
well boing drilled on section li, township 30,   limp,   '.'..    The  HhlllCR    lo    tile
,:, i nt this sorlos of iiaadid n may
..   Ibly    he Ibe Cllnggetl,    hut     IU
Mm li    thickness Is considerable   and
tin  sandstones at tlm huso rvHomble
the   top   of the   Dolly   lliver serins
Ihan the Conlli in sandstones,
ue provisionally called   Dear
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This    Advertisement
is a
"FILLER"
and is inserted as a reminder to
those merchants who are not
now advertising that they could
command attention in the same
way as this advertisement is doing.
Arouse Interest
and Stimulate
Trade
by making weekly announcements
in the columns of THE PROSPECTOR, letting the public know
of the new and seasonable lines
you are putting into stock, and
advise them of any SPECIAL
OFFERS you may be able to make.
Use this Space
Intelligently
and results are assured. THE
PROSPECTOR offers exceptional
circulation service; and well distributed and ample circulation means
certain and liberal results.
The
PROSPECTOR
reaches the homes of the Cranbrook people, and covers the
surrounding district.
Try Prospector Want
Ads for Quick Results
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a a a in a a THE  PROSPECTOR,  CRANBROOK,  B. C.
Character^Sketch
HON.t GEORGE  E. FOSTER.
Interesting Activities ol Uir Minister
of Trade and Commerce.
When Robert Laird Bordon waa
called upon in September, 1911, tu
form a cabinet for tlm government of
Camilla, there was one name tbat appeared in all tlic various "slates"
that newspapers nil ovor tlm Dominion woro busily engaged in putting to
the front. Thoro wns-,at no time any
doubt that the name of George Eu
Iiih Foster would appear upon the
lint uf tlnmu whom tho lendor of the
Conservative party chose to assist
him In Um great tank tlmt bad beon
thrown upon bin shouldors. Fighting
side/ by Hide in thc ranks tu tho left
of tlm Speaker during years that
woro long nml arduous, there was no
man in whom tlm present. Premier
could Imve placed more reliance, nor
ever have found that reliance ill-
placed. Vear j aftot' year they worked
together in Opposition, today thoy
nre working with the same zeal in
tha larger Held, and with the greater
opportunities Unit were presented to
them when tlm people uf Canada, hy
their-A'ote of 1911, made it clear that
tbey desired a new hand to control
and,now men to direct tbe varied activities of government.
MIS DEPARTMENT.
It was to tho Department of Trade
and Commerce thnt the activities of
Hon. Mr. Foster were directed* when
the various branches uf government
were being placed upon tiie shoulders
best titted to bear them. It was an
office for which Hun. Mr. Foster was
fitted as, perhaps, no other man in
the pnrty was titted. In the first
place, he wns a recognized authority
on national finance and trade. He had
done remarkably capable wo.i; even
then for advancing the country's
trade, a matter so intimately associated witb tbe country's revenue and
the country's general prosperity. He
was a mnn of business, a mnu of affairs, one wbo knew other countries
na well as his own, wbu was an astute diplomat, one well equipped for
meeting tlm Intricacies of trade agreements ami commercial understandings. As far buck as 1892 he hml visited the West indies in the interest
of reciprocal arrangements for extension of trade, it is a rcmarkablo fact
that twenty years Inter, under another Conservative Government, he
went once again to the West- Indies,
and there negotiated one of the most
important trnde agreements that
this country has entered into in recent years. It was a form of reciprocity thnt commended itself to tbe
intelligence of the people ut Canada)
a reciprocity between countries that
produced totally different products,
that eacb had u surplus oty commodities that were of use nnd required by
the other. The general advantage of
this trade agreement has been well
demonstrated already, and that it Is
apptV'cittted by the West Indies ns
well as by Cnnada is shown by the
fact that its held has been extended
by the addition of other Hritisb possessions in that pnrt of the world.
AN ALLIANCE OF TRADE.
But this is only une of tho important efforts which tlio present Minister of Trade nnd Commerce has undertaken since lie took Up the duties
of bis present office, One of the most
important trips wus that lo Australia. Though it wns not possible
to conclude tbe very Important trade
arrangements which Mr. Foster hnd
in mind for Canada's relation to this
great sister colony, there wns laid
the foundation of wlmt will yet
prove a commercial alliance. And the
dream of the Minister, n dream thnt
will undoubtedly be realized in years
yet to como, is nn alliance in trade
of all the scattered British Dominions und of the Motherland ns well
He remembers the Biblical il'i'lurn
tlon that "where your treasure is,
tbere will your heart bo also," and
iu thnt belief be builds for commercial Btrength by comtnorclal alliance
Within the Empire. *lt is In pursuance of thnt. great, bleu tbnt. tlm Min
Ister's lengthy trips hive hen undertaken. Ile is Canada's greatest commercial travollor, the envoy to the
world of all things Cnnndfl cnn grow
and Canadians cun mnke. lle Is the
man wbu is Hccklng out new markets,
who Is setting forth trnde opportunities, quickening tbe general business
enterprise of the Dominion, uud stimulating the whole industry of the
country.
FOSTER THE ORATOR.
This is tbe business side uf Mr.
Foster. But* there is anothor side to
tho man equally well known, one
might say equally admired. Thnt h*
tho orator, (leorge Foster, muster of
renwoned argument nml strength in
debate. Tbere bas recently been Issued in hook form u selection nf Um
public Hpeeclmti delivered by Mr. Foster during Ills Niglhy public career.
It Is snfe to say thnl. tbis is the
most notable contribution to Canadian literati)I'O thnt bus ever been
made In that form, II includes
speeches that men of middle i\l9l "'
member well, It-Includes nlso speeches'
which the young men of today bnve
heard or Imve rond, There In tbnt. remarkable utterance, rur Instance,
during tb'- naval dohnto of last year,
probably the mosl. outstanding spoooh
delivered during thnt long and BtTOII
noun battle,   There ate speeches   de
livered on subjects not political, but
all have that Bame lucidity, choice of
words and vigor of phrasing which
make (leorge E. Foster a model for
the speakers of tbe country.
DISTINGUISHED CAREER
There are few men who have a distinguished career In the public life of
Canada extending over a greater
number of years. He tirst entered
the House iu 1882, and the promptness with which his talents impressed themselves may be noted by the
(net that three yeai-H later he was a
mombor of the Government of Sir
John A. Mucdoiiald, occupying the
Important post of Minister of Marine
and Fisheries. He found bis greater
field three years later, when be succeeded Sir Charlos Tupper ns MiniBter of Finance, and he remained in
tbat office through the Abbott,
Thompson, Unwell and Tupper administrations. He was leader of the
Government during the session of
18115, and lu the session or .January,
1896, up to the re-entry of Sir
Charles Tupper. Those who know
anything of the period during which
Mr. Foster was Minister of Finance
will never fail to give credit to him
for the masterly way in which he
wns able to navigate the ship of
state over tbe financial shoals that
might Imve been wrecked had a man
of less ability been in control. To
all his other honors, Mr. Foster will
stand in Canadian records as a resourceful and capable finance Minister. One net of hia regime will never be forgotten, that being the Canadian Bank Act, which he introduced
and carried through in 1891. Among
other new features, it made provision for the currency of all bank
notes without discount throughout
Canada, for the guarantee of full
payment of all notes of issue, and
the supervision of a bankers' association. This is the same act which
last session wns given its decennial
revision, and is the foundation upon
which our whole battling system is
founded.
AN IMPERIAL FIGURE.
Hon. Mr. Foster has been a great
Canadian figure, but he has also heen
more than a Canadian figure; h|3 has
heen an Imperial figure. On the invitation of Mr. Chamberlain, he visited Great Britain in 1903, and delivered 28 addresses on the question
of Imperial Preference. This great
idea lie still works for in his plan of
inter-Imperial trnde with all the unity nnd cohesion that he knows this
will bring. Another act, along the
snme line, was taken in 1912, when
ho effected an arrangement with the
Brit ish Government by which the
world-wide British consular system
wns officially opened to the use of
Canadian trade and commerce. These
nre great Imperial movements that
will go ou increasing in practical
usefulness and that have been beor-
ing upon the growth of sentiment
within the Empire.
would represent ten."
The cost of these drill bails has
been much criticized. Let me point
out that the cost of1 each mile of the
Transcontinental Railway would
build ten drill halls; In other words
we could have had one drill hall every 170 yards from the Atlantic to
tbe Pacific if we had put into drill
balls the money spent upon the National Transcontinental Railway. I
am not Baying that tbis would be a
good expenditure of money, but, if
properly distributed throughout the
country, a few drill balls built with
some of this money would have done
no harm. The land that, has been
alienated from the Militia Department in Quebec alone would represent at least COO drill halls."
Perhaps the country will now bear
the last of Liberal criticisms of Colonel Hughes and his expenditures. He
is carrying out a policy which results
for the good of the youth of thu
country. It Is not revolutionary. It
salutary and as such should be
supported by the people of tho Dominion.
Drill Halls Question
now answered
Tin1 question of drill halls, wblch
lias been ku much criticized hy the
Liberals since the . Conservative
party enmc into power, was
recently fully gone into by
Oolonljl Hughes, He pointed
out, in tlic lirst place, that they can
he thrown open also lor any town
gathering where there ls no hall—any
philanthropic or patriotic meeting,
nny meeting of a farmers' association
anil other gatherings of thnt kind.
lie gave nn Illustration which imli-
I'tilcs that the furmers of thc country are becoming favorable to tbe
policy of drill hulls. "The Minister
snid:
"Hix weeks ago I Imd a deputation
or eighty live representatives from a
town in a (arming locality, many ol
thom farmers, aBklng for n drill ball.
I asked one of these formers: Wby
nro you interested in this? And he
snid: I have my son to think of;
why should be grow up without the
opportunity for physlcnl development
nnd training that is afforded to the
boya In the towns? Why should not
wo hnve snme place for Saturdays or
week ovonlngfl to which cur boys
could ko for drill under the direction
of your drill instructor? I want to
tell this House unit thc community at
InrgO'tlmt lu the Militia Department
wc have applications for over a thoti-
uutl drill hulls, ami wc can only supply twenty-live of them tbls year."
lt Is thus evident thnt the Ministor
of Militia Is anxious about brlghtcn-
Ing the lives and improving the spare
hours of the young men in the rural
ilistrlcts.
Concerning the cost about which
l.lboralB hnve heen talking, Colonel
Hughes trove some startling figures,
lln took some of the projects which
the I,literal party have Inaugurated
nnd botchod and showed how the coat
of the drill halls was Inlinileslninlly
small compared to It. The minister
snld:
"The money spent upon the New-
mnrket canal would hove built 100
splendid drill hulls. , 'I'he expenditure
upon useless dredging, useless
wharves mul useless breakwaters
would hove built at leant 1,000 drill
halls. All I waul, to build this year
is Ml drill bolls. Tbe rost nf tbe
(jiii'liet! bridge would represent fully
I .mill drill bulls. Bvon the sawdust
wharf would represent two, and the
Intl.'   lamented   technical commission
An Imperial Issue
The Toronto Daily News is outspoken and emphatic on the question
of Hindu immigration.   It Bays:
A ship loaded with Hindus has arrived at Victoria. As British subjects of India they will claim the
right to land in the British Dominion of Canada. They will raise an
issue that may affect the whole Empire.
But It is just as well that the
position of Canada should be finally
established. We do not believe in
the compatibility of white and Asi-
utic civilization. Between the two
races there cannot be intermarriage
and natural social intercourse. Tbe
Asiatics have industrial ideals which
conflict with those of Canadians.
There La also a conflict of moral
ideals,
"We intend that this shall be a
white' country. We do not mean
that British Columbia and the West
shall be over-run with Asiatics, In
admitting the yellow races we have
been too compliant rather than too
severe.
It is simple and natural enough
to say that a British subject in India Bhould bave equal rights and privileges with all other British subjects In this country. ThiB question,
however, has to he settled by facts
and not by sentiment. Tbe unity
aad even the existence of the Empire
depend upon control of Immigration
by the Dominions in their own interests and as their own national ideals
may suggest. No imperial pressure
upon the Dominions could be wisely
attempted. No such pressure could
prevail.
"It is desirable that this ahould he
understood in India. The right nnd
determination of Cannda to establish
its own ideals of civilization should
be asserted and recognized. Dut us
the Victoria Colonist snid a tew days
ago: 'The thought will not down
that we are about to witness the beginning of one of those tremendous
movements which set at defiance all
preconceived policies ns though they
were so many cobwebs."
Meetingjrf Council
(Comtlnued from Page One)
J. D. McBrlde 	
76.58
1.25
City Engineer's payroll (sow-
487.90
City Engineer's payroll (gen-
UI87.tO
Pollce payroll 	
355.00
City  Ortlcinls  	
32r,.O0
27,1.110
Prospector Publishing Co	
43.00
Provincial    Government   (Nel
15.00
328.99
Qualn Electric Co	
15.00
10.00
T   M, Roberts 	
25.00
37.90
1072.08
"NATIONAL HERO SEMES" NO.3
11
Kosciusko-The Greatest of the Poles
NEVER in the history ot mankind has there lived a more ardent lover of fcrsonal and National
Liberty. He devoted his life to regain the ancient freedom of his beloved Wand. Kosciusko haled
any legislative attempt which invaded the Natural Rights of Man. If he were alive to-day, every son
of Poland knows that he would revolt at any LAW which declared ."Thou shalt NOT eat this —
thou shalt NOT drink, that! Kosciusko knew that the light wines of his native land and the barley brews of Germany were good for mankind when used in moderation. He drank, them himself to the end of his honored days, and who will DARE say that they in any way injured thii
mighty personality. For 57 years Anheuser-Busch have honestly brewed honest beers. Their
great brand—BUDWEISER—is sold throughout the world and has helped the cause of true
Temperance. Seven thousand, five hundred men are daily required to keep pace with the natural
demand of Americans for BUDWEISER. Its sales exceed any other beer by millions of bottles.
Bottled only at the home plant. ANHEUSER-BUSCH -ST. LOU IS, U.S. A
A. C. Bowness
Distributor Cranbrook, B. C
udweiser
Means Moderation
(6420,00
Aldermen Campbell nml Hicken-
botham moved that the action of thc
Mayor and Aldermen Oampbbll, Horie, Leask and Hickenbotham [n deposing of the 1110,000,00 work of waterworks debenture.! to Messrs. Terry,
Driggs ft Blaytnn at 94 be confirmed
—carried.
The report of City Knglneor J. 0,
Glenday wbb on motion of AbiVrmen
l.i'HHk and Horie roccived nnd filed.
The report reads an follows;
To the Mayor and Aldermen,
Cranbrook, B. C,
Gentlemen,—I have the pleasure In
submitting for yonr consideration
progress report of work curried out
by tho city engineer's department,
during the month ondlllg May 81sk,
1914.
STREETS AND l.AN.WH
During the month of Mny alconsld-
eraHile amount ol work wiih done, new
streets being opened mid lanofl wad
ed. Kaiiia Htrcet wnn h(limped nnd n
twenty-foot roadway wiih put
through from Van Homo Hi reel, to
Lumsdeu avenue, ii distance of nbout
4300 feet; Clarke avenue wuh stumped
and graded, considerable rut ami fill
Imlng mnde on thla Street, and a
roadway put through Pooley avenue.
Hump iu aide walk on Kdward street
by the Catholic rectory waa cut down
aud spoil used for fill on the opposite side of the street by tbe Quain
property.
The following lanes were graded,
lane in Ulock 33, E. Watt lane, E.
Dewar lane, E. Clark lane, E. Garden lane, Block 23, and East Burwell
lane, Edward to Baker street.
SIDEWALKS.
Sidewalks were generally maintained and new sidewalks were laid on
Edward street by the Catholic rectory nnd on Martin avenue from Edward street to Humsey's gate.
PARK.
Twenty  12-foot  park  benches   were
bt (lined from the Cranbrook Hash
and Door Company. These benches
were placed around Uie bandstand
and painted.
LACROSSE GROUNDS
Lacrosse grounds behind Government Building were levelled olT and
roiled according to instructions received at the last council mooting.
The cost of this work wan $54,70.
Herewith you will find a bulletin of
the work done.
STREETS.
Edward Street  $1.12.50
Dewar avenue     14.50
Clarke aventte   198.40
Martin avenue     23.75
Pooley avenue     43.10
Kalns atreet, grading  4111.45
Kalns street, stumping     58.70
Hanson avenue      2.35
$919.(15
LANES.
E. Watt lane .; % 23,70
E, Hanson lane   1.25
E. Armstrong lane   1-25
E. Durlck lane   2.25
E. Durlck lane, Ilk. 91   0.10
So.  Baker lane   4,55
E. Dewar lane   11.68
E. Burwell lane   25.85
10.  Van Home lane,  Bk. 33 .... 33.55
B, Garden Lane, Bk. 22   25.75
E. Burwell laiY.\  Bk. 98   3.40
fl, Clnrk lane, Dc. 29   14.90
$108.10
SIDEWALKS.
Repairs, sidewalks  $ 10.77
Sidewalk  Edward  street    51.55
Sidewalk, Fonwlck    10.6B
Sidewalk, Martin avenue     37,72
$119,119
lmiDGEH.
Repairs Baker street bridge ...$    1.40
Total  »1203.84
SEWEIIACE DEPARTMENT.
Construction
It being necessary to lay H32 foot
of sewer to comploto tha BOWorngo
system, work was started on May
Uth on Van HornO street, The dig
glllg on Van Homo street was
through a Hmall looso gravel wllli a
mixture of sand. Wator waa struck
at II feet ll Incl  and i It was neceo
sary to close timber about 300 feet of
ditch on account of caving of sides of
ditch. In crossingf Smith creek in E.
Dewar lane it was necessary to carry Bewer over creek In a box. Concrete piers were built on each side of
tho creek and box carried over on
4x0 inch timbers from one pier to
the other. Two manholes were built,
one at the intersection of Van Horne
and E. Dewar lane.
MAINTENANCE
Sewer ia E. Armstrong lane was
practically blo&ed up and hnd to lie
broken into and cleaned out, about
seven cubic yards of silt being taken
out.
Eleven leaks ln manholes were repaired. Where grading was done seven manhole covers had to bo altered.
Distributary trays over primary filter at the disposal works were cleaned off twice.
Pour thousand eight hundred and
fifty feet was cleaned out during the
month of May.
COST OF WORK—Construction
Excavating and backfilling 832
feet  $310.05
Pipelaying      31.00
Timbering      8.40
Rox for sewer     14.2.1
Concrete piers     12,50
Manholes     41,81
Clearing creek     35,0;
Engineering   and    administration     27.5'
$487,110
MAINTENACE.
Repairs sewer E. Armstrong ..,$ 22,00
Cleaning sewers     51.00
Repairs manholes     43.15
Cleaning trays     26.66
$148.40
WATER WORKS DEPARTMENT
SERVICES
One new service was Installed dur
lug the month.
MAINTENANCE.
Twenty leakH were repaired on the
main at a cost of $61,eo, averaging
$2.58 per leak.
Ten leaks wero repaired on msius
In town at a cost of $26,86, averaging $2.08 pt leak.
Levels were run from Lumsden av
onuo to dam to get correct elevation
of water in reservoir referred tr city
bunch mark.
HEALTH AND RELIEF,
owing to large quantity of rubbish
taken to the nnlsaiire ground it wns
necessary to put on a force Of men
to burn this Up and clean Up road
way.   Cost of work $68,60,
J,  ('. GLENDAY,
city Engineer
The attention Of tllfl council was
called to t.ho condition of lhe side
walk on the west side ol Crnnhrook
street, It was roported thai tho
sldowafl waa in a ninl stale and was
v.-ry dangerous owing tn Inoso boards
and Borne fining Missing, Several
others were made note of. The olty
fathers considered that tho host that
eould 1)6 done wiw for thfl city engln
eer to maka a report on the  condi
tion of the sidewalks thioughout the
city ami report at next, meeting. The
city engineer was ordered to carry
this out.
Particular attention was brought
to the notice of the council that in
clearing the lanes in different parts
of the city it was found that tbere
were buildings built on the lanes overlapping in some casks to the extent
of three and to even six feet. This
was proposed to he investigated and
wherever such cases existed for notice to be given to the owners to have
th,.' buildings removed hack or pulled
lown with a given time and if the
owners will not do It Tor the city to
lo it and charge same hack to own-
•rs.
The tire chief was instructed to report as soon as possible the condition of yards, alley, etc., in which
there was to be [omul inflammable
material thnt might prove a menace
to property in case of lire.
Aldermen Campbell ami Hieken
botham moved lhat a committee of
three be appointed by tbe Mayor to
look after thr installation of the new
waterworks system. The Mayor appointed Aldermen Campbell, Horie
and Hickenbotham; the Mayor always to he ex-officlo on the committee.
Applications for engineer of tho
construction for the proposed waterworks BUStem were received from F.
O'Hara and A. L. McCulloek. Aldermen Campbell and Horie moved
that Mr. McCullock's offer be accepted and .that the Mayor and city clerk
he authorized to draw up an agreement to thnt effect—carried.
Applications were received for the
position of time-k'eper on the new
work from F. Pye, W. H. Brown, F.
A. Russell and D, Holllnger. On motion of Aldermen Campbell and Horie Mr. Bollinger's application was
accepted at a salary of $3.75 per
working day, work t<> commence
when    notified    Uy    the engineer    in
charge,
Alderman Leask ga*o motion to introduce a bylaw affecting the boulevards.
Alderman Horie gave notice,of motion to Introduce a by-law to regulate the weights ami measures affecting the sale Sd WOod and coal.
Aldermen Horie and Hiekeubotham
moved that the chief of police bo Instructed tn see thai the Bread Bylaw
was properly carried out curried.
On motion of A bier men Hfrken
botham and Horie It was moved that
the city engineer's salary he rAlsed
from $100 to $125 per month to take
effect on Jimo 1st and that an agree
monl he drawn up to thut effect car
rlcfl.
To  HlB  Worship the Mayor nnd  Po
lire Commissioners ol tho city nt
Crnnhrook, It. 0,
Gentlemen,- I have   the   honor   lo
unbuilt   ror your approval  my report
of thfl work, etc., done by prisoners
Undergo Ing sentence In  the city gaol
for the month ending May 31, 1914.
I    During   thn   month   the    prisoners
bave been working on the roads each
day. They have been digging out
stumps on Kalns street, also in the
lanes at Watts avenue and French avenue.
The main streets and avenues have
been cleaned, weeds cut on Baker
street and near the Government
Building.
Sidewalks have been repaired, also
the crossing at the corner of Lewis
street and Garden avenue, and the
bridge repaired on Garden avenue.
There was also a fence nud gate
built around th.' property nt the
JOar of the city hall ami the old gaol
fence taken down.
NUMBER OF HOURS WORKflD BY
EACH  PRISONER.
Hours Days Per Day Amount
20S 20 $2.06 $52.00
200 25 2.nn 50.Ul)
96 12 2.00 24.00
90 12 2.00 24.00
K4 lill 2.00 21,00
4K C 2.00 12.00
40 6 2.00 lo.oo
.111 4) 2.00 9.00
86 41 2.00 9.00
20 21 2.00 5.01)
16 2 2.00 4.00
Total   $220,110
To  His Worship the Mayor and  Police Commissioners of lh- City of
Cranbrook.
Gentlemen,—I   have    the honor   to
submit for your approval my report
of the city police for the month   ending May 31st, 1914.
In cells at midnight  April 80     5
Received  During th'* month    4C
Total    51
Discharged during thc month    47
In cells at midnight  Mny 81      4
Total   51
Prisoner Classified  as follows:
whites (males)  21
Whites (females)  28
Chinese   i males)        1
Japanese i males)    i
Total   5)
During tbe   month tines  paid   into
court amounted to $200.00.
Pound    fCOB     during     the    month
amounted to $33.50.
Accounts received for month eliding
Mny 31, 1914:
Ward ft Harris, grocers  $87,90
41 Meat  Market, butchers   18.48
Total  $50.35
During the month 482 moals  huve
hern   Issued   lo  prisoners at   an aver
age of 13) rents per meul.
During the month prisoners under
going sentence have been working on
the roads stumping, ete. Tbere bus
also been erected a fence al lhe rear
of the citv ball.
I have the honor to be, sirs,
Your obedient servant,
A.  ADAMS,
Chief of Police
The   meet I up   adjourned   at   11.16
p. m. THE PROSPECTOR. CRANBROOK, B. C
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When next you need TIRES or TUBES buy
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Manufactured by
America's largest exclusive tiie and rim makers
and sold by
C. VV. Johnson, Wasa
Territorial Agent inr Firestone
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Plants for Sale
Victoria Rhubarb 2lc. per tb. $2.00
per 100 lbs. Bedding plants, Asters,
Lobelia, Pansy, Stocks, Petunias,
Chinese Pinks, etc., :..*.c. per dozen.
Fuscblas, Geraniums, t\ y. etc. in
pots 20c. to 50c, each. Cabbage and
Celery plants 50c, per 100. Rhubarb
roots lUc, raspberry canes 5c. Russian Poplars 10c, 2 year Asparagus
root 5c, cash with order, delivered
free.   Address, il. Creese,  Wattsburg
For Sale Rents & Wants
TO RENT—Furnished house r     rent
on    Armstrong   avenue,  n asonable
terms.   Apply Prospectoi  office.
KOR   SALE—Riding    bridle,    lady's
saddle and riding habit. Apply Box
251.
FOR SALE—About 30 White Wyandotte Pullets for Sale, also some
White Wyandotte and Rhode Island
hens. All from first-class laying
strain and in good condition, would
do well on open range, ean be seen
at 23(1 Dewar avenue, or phone l'J2.
-21-tf
PBKINS LAYING—3
illM-kH,
drake
$10.00 cash.   Apply
ProBpcc
or   ot-
Oeo.
 2H
F'lH     EXCHANGE   Have     $6000,00
equity  In    Inside Port   Mnnn    aero
age,  mu lul iv ided.    Wlliil   IlllVe    yon    to
oiler.     Phono    318.   Ed.   Shackleton.
•24 It
Twenty live    second band     Sewing
Machines  for  Sale on   monthly   pay
ments, b f them cabinets.     All
overhauled and in good condition,
From $5.00 up. Singer SI,.re, phone
157. I tl,
YOUNG    PERSON    requires employ
ment part afternoons nnd evpnlngs.
Children,     book-keuplng;     nny thing
Apply "A," Prospector Office.
AIIKST WANTRU   Want ,  reliable
agent    to   bundle   "FlroStoil l"    \llto
Tires und Accessories, Musl be ro
Bponslblo party and food salesman.
Apply 0. W. Johnson, Wasa, B. (',,
territorial  agont,
AGENTS   Wreck  of  Empress ol   [ro
land.   Heart-thrilling   dollar   book.
Extraordinary seller,    Authoritative,
profusely       illustrated.        Listen      to
Canada's hearl  rending civ!  Wire or
write for free canvassing book,     Bin
commission.     Pr elghl   pnld,      Credit
given,        Bradley Gnrretson,    Bran!
ford, ont. 24 2t
FIFTKKN DOLLARS and Expenses
weekly to appoint agents on anl
ary; experience unnecessary; we give
thorough preliminary training, Bum
ley Garretson, Mi ilted, Section 9,
Brantford.
$2 PER BAY for In.I,    epn    ntatlvi
in every towi     M i  Idson, ' if
Qco I   Bra tl i
|IC WEEK   INI to tra
wi.   appoint n ents
tfves.     W  It oti     Dept,  7,
Brantford,
$160    FOR    BIXTY   DAYH     to    anv
thoughtful man
ing   us   circulate    Bible    literal ire
Bible Houso, Dealt «, Bran!
CANCELLATION Df  IIESKRN I.
mi I-., i   uraitrcm   \v m timi
a rnservn,  notion   oi   wlncli  nppoon d
in  tbo  li   I     (la/i ii- mi  tlio 27th of
Bereiul.ei,   |»07,  i   nilicctlrd  ll  tnr
aa it relate,- i,, i.,.i   11804, Group   I,
Kooienay Blstrli I    i h   ih.   pun I
the -.ni,. ..f tntni  lo -I ■ Onnndian Vn
11rii- Itailway.
n    \   UKNWIOK,
Deputy  Mini h i  ol  Lands
Landa Dopnrtmoiil
V lelona, 11   r ,
lili .lum-,  1914, .'.4 :im
British Discipline
The death of Captain A. G. Lucas,
announced in cable despatches the
other day, passed almost unnoticed,
and yet lus passing calls to mind one
of the most tragic happenings In tbe
sea-faring annals ol the British Empire. Captain Lucas was s •• rlvot
of the ill-fated Birkenhead, a British
troops ■' h U red  in   Si
mon's Bay more than half a century
ago. The record ol I he tw a ■ deeds
>;■: essed tl i bas been indelibly
and has
been at itloi    ind stin     is t
heroic action ,r an Is since.
ri." Birkenhead was    a    tr
fun .eying   ■    Hera   t     South    Afi tea
with  their wives and children   whn:
she struck and commenced to sink ofl
Simon's Bay.   All aboard knew only
a few minutes must elapse before the
■■•■<t'\  would disappear,   leaving   her
human   freiyiit    struggling    In    the
water.  The elements of  the  disaster
were such as warranted a   panic but
the   danger    was    scarcely realized,
jwh'n, at a few   words of   command,
the troops formed up on the   sloping
; decks and were told ofl In details to
■assist the women mid children to the
; boats.   Tbey stood m their ranks at
■ tho moment    the vessel was making
her tinnl   plunge.   Some reports   say
, tbey disappeared In the act of slng-
1 iritr "God Save the Queen."
'   The   Victoria   Colonist, moralizing
Ion the nr-niorahle event, sees,  in  the
i noble   conduct   of   those   British    soldiers,  illustration    i,f the one   attri
| hule iimt above all others has   contributed    to  Bnt ish  greatness   "dis
clpllno."   In the history of brave nc-
j lions, concludes the Colonist, dtBClp
i lino    and  duly  have become   almost
! indissoluble terms.    In  the homes,  in
the  public schools,  in  the  business of
life, whether It Is commercial, naval
or military, tbe part  that   discipline
has|played in   moulding   the   British
character  bas    never     been    properly
estimated,   Hu olTects is so apparent
that  perhaps "what everybody knows
nobody thltfcfl of," may account   for
tlic   little     attention   directed     to      a
basic reason  (or Britain's success in
praetienlly every  walk  of life.  Count'
lOSS    examples    could   be  supplied    Of
the triumphs in history attributable
to   discipline,   when it  lias been   so
impressed  oil  tile  individual     as   to
form the guildlng characteristic from
the  cradle   to   the   grave.    It     nerved
th' Boldlers ol Waterloo to step automatically inlo the breaches caused
by the repeated charges ol Napoleon's
cavalry, and, through the long hours
of waiting for Blucher's arrival, pre
sent a solid. Impenetrable front,
held in ever thinning but always reforming columns hy th- word of com
mand. Balaclava would never have
heen written mi rh+ tableth of bis
tors ' rtli cl line and unquestionable
■ ■ i ■ ■ | ■ lei - had nol prevail
ed.
i !omlng ' re i ecenl  times,   the
■    ■  the Titanic f irniihed   ex-
ai pb of dis
■   B     -link    t<.
isle ol   'Nearer,
to Thn      i ;«■ tain   Bcott j
b|   tbi ll   end III
tbe   Antarctic      unafraid       because
then- trait the     ■   I   onlj
to dti       Wlwr-
evei    dl ■'■■' '■■ •■   has   beei    n      ated
IC< i       I .'     I i   nn
Riired, not i thi      Id of battle
h :t  m tbi   patl      I peace.   It   11 one
o! tbe greatest of n oral fo i        up
able of directing men to perl i m ii!'
reatesl  ol il« t     The death of one
•.,. de tt lOpsblp    '  BlrV
en head   durlnii  her lasl  mln  ■■■     re
Ine of disclpllm tlu
pnrfoi fm • qualities of n no ■■     ■■ rnon
News.
Local   News
Wo   e.o [ j    •    lm I   ,>   Mould
Iiiiih and l'i< 'uie Plan, i I Ini
BO nam pi es io Belpcl  fi       KII.IIV
I^RAMEH PICTI ki: '
Mrs, die..i \.    K, Thomsnn left on
PimIiiv   iiiotiiini'   for   l''.dnioatoii   ,,.i    ll
vimt   tu bei   pat' nl i
Things that we should worry
about—the property tax must be paid
this month.
Fur one week wc will give 25 Per
Cent. Miscount   on all crockery—C.C.S.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Ego, of Kimherley were Cranbrook visitors on
Thursday.
KILBY   FRAMES   PIOTURBS
Water Classes, fdlc Doss,—0,  0,  tf.
0, D, McNabb of Waldo, a prom
ineat lumberman, was transacting
business at Cranhrook Thursday.
Want a Wedding Ring?
\\\\\\_e_T_,tiiii i/////',,,
We Clean the Town! Cranbrook Dye & Cleaning Works.
Phone 157.
If you Imve been considering n
LnmougQ Dinner Set, uuw is the
Ume to buy. 2G Per Cent oil Regular Prices  0. C. B.
Mr. uub Mrs. Geo. Watson ol Port
Bteele »ere registered at the Cran
brook Thursday.
BRING YOUR Ol.U 1'tPK TO  BOBS |
PLAl'K   FOB REPAIRS
Water Glasses, 50c Dos.- C. 0. s.
The weathor man declares he st'en
the end ol tho cold wave, Which
end, may we ask.'
Stock up this wei'; with Crockery,
-'.. Per Cent  Discount   C. C. S.
limn repairs Guns nnd Cycles, cuts
keys, sharpens lawn mowers.      -li:\'it
Parker Williams, M. P, P., will ml
dress a meeting ol miners at   Moyie
June is, and will be in Oranbrook
on June 19th.
Vou i'uii got the besl in weight (
and workmanship horo lor lit- }
tlo money and nny othor Ulnd (
ol Rings nt n considerable re (
duction.    We have <i largo ns £
sortmont  ol vory  One  Jewelry I
ami precious   stones   and   will I
In'   .hul  to  luni' you  mil  mul I
Lnspecl   them  nt   your   leisure. \
There will bo   no   pressure   i
buy   unless   the   ". Is   t
you tu do s,i.
tempi   (
i  RAWORTH {
\        BROS.       |
(       Jew cW'i> t' Opticians       I
\ Cranbrook,    -    -    B. C. i
ry    and*    Glassware
C. c. s.
sab
ist   when  the ministers saw    va-
i    ■   ney  In sight a   oold   snap
set in and chilled tbe ardor or   the
June picoicers.
X ■ me week we will give 25 Per
Cent Discount  on all crockery   C.C.S,
The curfew bell will ring next week
and the kiddies will have to bustle
home at nine ©-clock, antl the summer vacation in Bight.
Cup an.l Saucers, ~:,c Doz.—C. C. S.
KILBY     FRAMES     PICTDRF.S
Stock up tins wet*i. witb Crockery,
23 Per Cent Discount—C. C. S.
Th*1 chicken thief who uses an automobile knows bis business. The
chickens always did ta\l for the guys
with the buzz wagonB.
If you have been considering a
Latnougo Dinner Set, now is tbe
time to buy.   2:. Per Cent OR Regu-
The
'Rexall Store'
The Store with a Reputation
KOOTENAY'S
GREATEST
DRUG
&
BOOK
STORE
rhe
Beattie - Murphy
Co., Ltd.
"Wlitr.' It Puys to Dial"
Cranbrook        -        B. C.
lar Price
-C. ('. S.
We Clean the Town. Up-to
Date and Sanitary. Cranbrook
Dye & Cleaning Works. Phone
157.
Wntor Glasses, Mc Dos,—C, ('. S.
In two weeks the pupils at the
high school will In* taking up their
exam's. Then como tho summer holidays.
Crockery and Qlasswara Bale—
0, 0, s,
Water IllaBseB, 50c Doz.-l'. 0. W.
BRING YOCR OLD TIPH TO DOBB
PLACE   FOR REPAIRS
sti'.'k up thin wei't witli Crockery,
2:. Per Cent Discount—C. ('. S.
Quality in Cleaning! Cranbrook Dye & Cleaning Works.
We Clean the Town  Phone 157
Mrs, v. Llddlcoatt and Miss N.
linker lelt Inst Kiiilny to ntti'inl the
(iriiml Jubilee of the Hshekah ami
Oddfellow Assembly nt Victoria, 11.
C. Tliey will expect tn lie nwny
about n montb,
Water   Sets    of
|)l s,   (1.26
CRANBROOK DRUGGIST
DESERVES PRAISE
Beattie-Muiphy Co. deserveB praise
from Craubrook people for introducing here the uimple buckthorn bark
and glycerine mixture, known as
Adler-i-kn. Tbia simple German remedy lirst became famous by curing
appenilicitia and it haa now beeu discovered tlmt A SINGLE DOSU relieves sour •itomncb, gas on the
Btomacb and constipation INSTANTLY, it's nuick action is a big surprise to people. 43-1
la a baseball game on Thursday
tbe loeal boys beat the Indians l!i
to 7. The mime was good, both
teams playing bard.
KILBY     FRAMES     PIOTURBS
Cup and Saucers, 75c Doz.—O, C. tf.
Miss Maude Hickenbotham, after
seven yearn hh stenographer Wltb tbe
(Inn of Harvey, McCarter, Macdonald
and Nlsbet left laat Friday (or
Honolulu, Hawaii, where abe ban
taken a similar position, liefore
leaving she waa presented by ber employers with a wateh bracelet aail
$:.() In gold.
1
elo'l V      'Out      lilicuwiil.'
Bale
Advertising may make a poor ankle sell for a
while, Imt the most persistent advertising would
nol Induce yuu to make a .second purchase of ii
ihlng that turned out to be fraudulent, and the
profit ihi the first sale would never pay for the
advertising,
Do ynu not think thc advertisers know this?
They lully realize that the very first essential of
success Is lo have something worthy, something
that people wanl and will keep on buying,
If ymi sec a thing advertised regularly week
after week, yen afler year, il is safe lo Conclude
that it possesses actual merit and is well worth
its tost.
HH
;iin\im i ....iifiiiipiimimniinmrroi
ti' im ut <i*NiJir.ATr li,j
iimiiii ■ iiMi,a»________________.
Geo, Ladds made a good deal this
week. He sold 00 barred rockB and
bull Orpingtons to Harry Stevens of
tft. Mary's Prairie.
Crockery     and     (llaRswane    Sale—
a, as,
The case of Bohart vs. Lund was
tried at Fernie last week. His lordship, Mr. Justice Clement, gave
Judgment to the plaintiff of $r> for
tho publication of a copy of n letter,
bul in nil other respects upheld Mr.
Lund's contcutlon tbat it was in the
Interest ol Ibe public, and ordored
ih.' plaintiff, Mr. Bohart, to pay the
major portion ol the roatH.
Orocki
and     ClnsttwniY
Hale
Mrs. II. Hickenbotham, Miss Ada
Hlokonhotham   ami baity will   leave
next Wednesday uu un extended visit
t" tin. Old Country. Miss Hicken-
botbntn in stenographer wltb the 0.
I' R ...f this city anil will be relieved   hy   hor   BlBtor,   Miss   llladys,    who
bus nisi completed a business course
wltll   Blair's BubIuIibb College,   8po-
ll lllll'.
cup and Saucors, 75o Doa.—0. 0. tf.
KILBY     FRAMES     PIOTURBS
Wator Seiw of 7 pieces, $1.25 -
0   0. s.
An interesting debate wae held In
tbt' Baptist church under the auspices .d tbe H. Y. P, R The subject
under discussion was the nuestion of
u half holiday iu Cranbrook, MIsb
.Calmer and Mr. Hassitt took tbe lead
rt" the affirmative aud Mr. A.
Bridges nnd Mr. il. Kuubert took the
opposite. The discussion was warm
and enthusiastic, At the eloae the
verdict was given in favor of the affirmative.
Cup and Saucers, 75c Doz.—C. C. S.
Bring your repairs to Green's Repair Shop, opposite the Masonic temple. *23-2t
('rockery and Glassware Sale—
0. 0. S.
Sergeant Major School, formerly of
the Royal North West Mounted Police, will preach in the Methodist
church nt both services next Sunday.
He is enroute home from Mexico and
will tell of his experiences there In a
lecture in the Methodist Church Monday evening at 8 o'clock. The title
given the lecture is ' 'The Truth
About Mexico." Admission to lecture, 2f» cents; children, 15 cents.
Water Sets of 7 pieces, $1.25 —
0. C.  R.
Russel Evans of Comaplix left for
tbe east to bring back his wife's remains, she being one of the unfortunate ones on tbe "Empress of Ireland." Russell Evans was an old
timer in Cranbrook and well known
to the boys.
Corpus Christ! was held at the St.
Kugene Mission on Thursday. The
custom hns heen prevalent In this
district for the Indians to hold thiB
reltglouB ceremony on a Sunday, but
for some reason the day was chanped
tbls year. Corpus Christl will be
held in Creston on Sunday, June 14,
Tbere nre many who will ho dieap-
pointed as It is a regular thing for
alt Cranbrook to turn out and see
tbe Indians on this day.
A stock company haa been formed
to take over tho entire stock of harness and snddlery recently owned by
tho Wm. Park ,<4 Co. A. Bridges of
the ('ranbrook Trading Co, is one of
the directors that will be In charge.
Tho company lmvo boon fortunate
onollgh to obtain a tirst elaHS workman to look after the repairs and
tbe works in general. Negotiations
nro, up to the time of going to press,
not completed, in respect to a location; It is certain that tbo business
will bo in a most prominent placo
nml easy of access.
W. W. KILBY
PRACTICAL    PIOTURB    FRAMER
ARMSTRONG AVENUE
P. 0, Hox B02 Crnnbrook, B.O,
They AreWaking Up
Tlm London Pros Press makm, merry nt tin1 expense nl the west ill the
lollowlng paragraph! "II the gae
wi-iih tlmt. nro iii'iiiK ili'vi'lupi'il at
ml Bprlngs luul heen lound nt Oal-
Knry tho oxoltomont would have heen
unbounded, Hut thu runt, taken these
iliinnH loglcnlly."
Iiii'hh tho dear, Innocent heart ol
tho Ii'ri'i' I'ii'kh. Does It not know
Mint hir, In! tlioso many yearn there
Iin ve Im.'ii gas wi'IIh greater ,\„,„ _\„,
I'lint nvnr ilroamod ol, npoutlng forth
cheap fuel mul light In Alhertn anil
nllii'i' inn In ol the went Horn deptlm
In which n,i oAHtornors ever Imagined
ii would im possllilo to drill? It
ought  lo, rm- om. hoars more   nhout
t lum  In tl iml   I lum  iu the   went
ilin'ir.
\n lm' Mn. i'iiiiI ami the "logical"
wny It iiikra sltoll matters, the   real
11 Iih"in Mint part of the Dominion
In lu gottlng ttie people to take them
nt nil, loglrnlly or otherwise. Up to
within   rocent   iliitu il  oil  or   gas
ASK FOR
FIVE ROSESJTLOUR
The World's Best
Send for Five Roses
COUPON
Wnt.   Nime  tnd   Ajj.r,.   plainly
[ton i loffti lu ,nd«.. Ten C«|lU
Cook Book-
BEING A MANUAL OF COOD RECIPES catefully
choien from the conlriWions of over two thousand
iiKi cmIuI uici* of Five Rote. Flour llitmmlioul Canada.
Also Useful Noln on the vaiiout cla»ta of good ihing*
lo tat, all uf whiih have htm carefully chi-ukcJ ami
tr-1 ht\ lie11 by competent authority.
Ukttt ,m Inrilepi tn UH Of THE WOODS MILLING CD. LIMITED, WINNIPEG
Cranbrook  Jobbers.  Ltd.
DISTRIBUTORS,    ORANBROOK
The Fragrant Orchid
—breathes again in this delightful Orchid line
of Perfume, Toilet Water, Talcum and Cream
Think of it! The redolence of this daintiest auc
rarest of flowers,•skillfully extracted and ivtainc.
for you  in  the  purest  of   all  Toilet  Accessories
Corson's
(perfumes SJoilet Requisites
Htrr ii indeed a niutt
charming u<i.t.
Aik rout drugtii
dainty 10c, ian
^'"^■'"""'''"'lifiiiiiiiiilflilillilli;
il H f] [il ill :■ HI S li! > r«; (il > ,«i <*■;«]   ■ >>■>....>> . > > > >
a
■
arness and Saddlery j
le pai r Shop
in
ipi
M
Ili
H
III
HI
III
HI
III
HI
HI
III
III
III
HI
HI
IH
HI
II
HI
HI Hlli
Wm. Grant, proprietor
Late with the W. M. Park & Co.
Our Works are in the
premises of W. F. Doran
Armstrong Avenue
Our Work Un
I H HI HI HI HI HI |*i HI HI HI HI Hi HI HI 1*11*1 M Hi Hi HI Hi I*1 HI HI HI HI Hi |i
IH
IH
il
H
HI
HI
HI
H
181
1*1
H
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
IH
IH
Hi
l*i
couldn't li>> ini'iiti'il nt n   iii'piii   tnr
Hllul't nf ll tllnllHiiliil loot, Iluw l"i:i
nil OAHtornors RftVO up hopo, imt wlmt
liinliiiy Itii'y lunl li'ft luii'k III till'
liimkii mul iilui'i'i'il Hie ilimti'i-.
'I'll' mont roinnrknlilo ililmt nliutil
thla liiii'Ht (ill Bprlnx Koo tlml In not
tin. Ilmlliii! nl tin. I!"", Imt tin' ilrlll
lm: ul a halo Oltoon liumlroil loot tloop
ill it liiinl  lur run ur uiiylliilii'.   e\ae.
1'IIHt     llllllll   hi'   Willi ill|!   lip,—Olll'
lll'llllll.
We handle only fresh
choice stock and our meats
are the best to be had—
give us a trial. Cranbrook
Meat Market.   Phone
killed
8

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