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The Prospector Jan 2, 1915

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Array P.C.  (In.-.  Agent—469—July 30-14
Christmas
Presents
at
W. H. Wilson's
Jeweler and Optician
ht fflagptttfit.
The/; Leading Newspaper
in the
Kootenays
The
"Prospector"
$2.00 Per Year
VOLUME    21.
CRANBROOK, B. 0.  SATURDAY   MORNING  JANUARY 2,  1915
No. 1
Declaration of Gov. Agent
ORDERS    ARE
"Feed The Needy"
Wattsburg, B. 0.,
December 31, 1914
N. A. Wallinger, Esq.,
government Agent,
Cranbrook, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Seeing thc attacks on
tbe Government in the Crrn'irook
Hernld in which the intent'on ie evidently to east odium on the Government for alleged neglect ot duty, I
wt?h to have tho truth mnde l.no»n
as to tho attitude you arc imtructod
to adopt in alleviating distress.
The Attorney-General publicly announced that "so long ns a dol'ar
was left In the Provincial Treasury
no person should go hungry In British Columbia."
Have you definite orders in following out thst line of policy?
Yours very truly,
A.  E. WATTS.
Cranbrook, B.C., 31 Doc,
A. E. Watts, Esi|.,
Wattsburg, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Acknowledging your let-
tor o» Ihe 31st Inst., I beg to state
that I have received specific instructions fiom the Hon. the Attorney-
General that no cases of want are to
be left unattended to, and to see that
no one in left without the means to
live; as a matter of lact this has always been the Poll".y ot the Government, but on account of the unusually hard times it is well to emphasize
it, and I may state that at the present time tho Government Ib r» istin;
several families by monthly paymentB
Fome ot whlrh have extended over
the Inst two years, and that (bore
are many more applications being attended to. t
I remain,
Yours truly,
N.  A.  WALLINGER,
Govt. Agent
Action Pending Against "Cranbrook Herald"
We have received the following copy
of a letter from Mr. A. E. Watts, the
original 0I which has been forwarded
to the Editor and Manager ol the
Crnnbrook. Hora'd with a reqtlMt
that they publish same.—Editor.
COMMUNICATION.
December 29, 1914.
To   the   Editor   and Manager Cranbroo't Hernld,  Cranhrosk, B. 0.':
Sirs,—Having mticcd several different falsehoods you hive published
concerning myself, 1 must ask you to
anologize within two hours after receipt of this or ta':e tho consequences.
You say no "ulterior motive lurks
behind your floating Buncomb; if that
is true why do you try to incense
workingmon by telling what you
tnow to be deliberate untruths abo it
tho mortgagee of tlio Prospector, and
by innuendo carefully pill, lead people to believe that the mortgagee
would or wishes to seize the property and leavo the working men with
nothing for their work. The editor
nnd mrn iger of y0ur pnper kno.v that
the very opposite is tho case, both
of you know woll that I did a'l in
my power to protect the rights of
the men to, their wages, both in the
Hera'd and Prospector plonts, nnd
both mortgagees and also the proprietor of tho Herald approved of
the rolicy I suggested, as did your
editor who even went so far ns to
assist in carrying out that pit Icy for
n time, nnd then suddenly broke his
promise snd plnced tho proprietress dt
tho Herald in a bad predicament. As
"you have been guilty of publishing
falsehoods lt is only fair that you
should publish the whole truth.
After dlscusBlng tho matter fully
with yon and after auditors hnd
made thr li- reports it was evident
that neither pnper could pay cxpens-
ob, your arrears of wrr'ges hud nccumu->
luted end the outlook grow worse.
I recommended that ns two pnpers
co'ild not pay oxpensos, one bo closed
until business Improved, that what
little work camo lu should bo shnrod
by tho men at full rate of wages,
and if Biifliclont coitld not be collected to pny all that was duo, tlio mon
were to have credit for the full
amount, which should bo paid ns soon
an thc money could bo collected, nnd
fir ther, If lhe mon could make tho
business Pay they wero to hnve a
bonus of llvo por cent, of tbo protlt
In ndlltion to tliolr wsgOB.
For tbo urronrs of wages due to tbo
I't'ospocto.- woit.mcn t offered to lot
them Join with mo us mortca.ee to secure the sum due to thom, until such
time as tho InislnaHs could be mndo
to Pay when thoy were to rocolve the
first money available.
By the published matter In the
Hernld ynu wish to have tho people
Welfare of British Columbia
By A. E. WATTS of Wattsburg, B.C.
believe that I am a Shylock and a
bloodsucker of the worklngmsn, now
for a chtnge disseminate a little
truth.
It is a well 1 nown fact that neith-
ir papers have earned enough to pay
expenses f >r yenrs past, the. men were
aware of lh= fact that even enough
to pay wages could not be collected
although large sums . were on the
bcoiB, and no that workmen might
have enough to exist upon 1 did not
ask for interest due to me, and I
have never received one cent.
Yet you say "the mortgagee can
keep labor working for nothing."
The books will Bbow that the workmen got nearly all the available
cash, the owner got very much less
than any workman although he worked Ion.or hours, the mortgagee got
non» nnd then offered to let the workmen he first mortgagees to secure the
arrears due to them, this they refused end try to smash up a business hy a quiclc ji dgment, and so onto in control from the poor owner
who has struggled hard for years to
rake ln the money to pay their
wages.
Knowing the truth as both of you
do, lf you have no ulterior motive
In view, why do you print such deliberate lies? Is there no ulterior
motive when men running a plant
into deht and well knowing tbat
their work does not produce enough
to pny wages md they permit them
to accumulate until such time as thoy
know the owner cannot pay on short
call, thon the men get a quick jndg-
mint and execution, and attempt to
kick tho owner down and out? Is
that your idra of justice tempered
with gratltide nnd mercy? Answer
that) For myself, I will express no
opinion, lot the public do that when
you have consummated and completed tho intended coup do.etat.
What Is your opinion of men who
manage a business, sny, for an unprotected widow, knowing thnt tho
large minis tbo men nre credited with
li.ive not been enrned hy the bust
nore, and wllh othor d"bte thoy nc-
oilmulato rapidly, until the Poor wi
(low In a last extremity consults
friends and ih> finds ono who tries
to assist her, nnd because the ndvlco
does not fit In with tho Ideas ot tho
m n . rrnnilso* are h'o m and thc
snld trlond vilified? Is there nny ulterior motive? Dovrlopmin's viHI
answer It you w |i not.
, Yours trulv,
A. B, WATTS.
Not receiving tho apology demanded from tho Editor nnd Manager of
tho Crnnhrook Hernld, Mr, A. E.
Wntts bus given instructions Inr legal notion to he tnken against both
ol them lor damages; a further action of a more serious nittire is pending.
The free popular government under
the British flag can only be perpetuated by the constant vigilance ol
th.ise wh i vnioy tho freedom our forefathers wrung from ancient tyrants.
Tho desire of mankind to rule by
cliques of the crafty und unscrupulous iB in evidence amongst us always; if cliques nnd individuals are
permitted to handle tho reins til power and the emoluments attached
thereto, it is not the fault ot our
popular system of government, but
the fault of the victims who .are too
apathetic or lazy to tale nn intelligent and active Interest in the control of local public affairs,—this ls
the base, tho foundation of lonstitu-
ttonal Governments and if they are
not what you wish them to be lt is
the fault of the various local bodies
who are responsible for choosing candidates; some are chosen because they
sre "hail follows woll met," "good
mixers," etc., not because of their
ability to legislate or to advise or
to spent on what, is good for
their constituents. Some constit-
uentB soothe their ruffled feelings by
trying to believe that their representative is really of some use because he ii sa'd to have exerted un-
UBiisl ability In obtaining extra
large grants for hia particular district. Tho absurdity of such a
thing is obvious if yoi will i nalyze
thc situation, boeauso if all tho membera were after the aamc thing where
would the M nlsters cm! in allotting
a fair proportion ot a limited Bum
amongst all the districts?
THE EXPENDITURE OF PUBLIC
MONIES.
This Ib a sore question in some
distrlctB hut not all, and there is no
reason why it should be so in any
district. The cure Is very simple hut
needs attention nnd careful tr'at-
ment live any other disease In the
body politic; the medicine is In your
own handi, it consists of "orgnni'a
tion" of the intelligent mrnly men ;n
all your districts; you are entitled to
representatives to sit and advise, in
fact to rule In your Central Asroeia
tlon. If you are too aiathetic to
srnd your beet men to the place
where affairs are controlled and you
leave tho power to a handful 0f men
who do attend, thoy fix things to
suit themselves and their friends,
whose fault Is it? You canrot reasonably blame th) Government. The
blame rests with you, nnrl sitting idly hy rnd complaining will not improve matters; got Iiiibv, asBert your
rights, organize, and do th'ngs.
Some reify, "Wo cannot because we
are poor." So wore your groat forefathers who BPUhd their richest
blood to win the liberties you enjoy.
Friends in Outlying districts surely
cnn meet and nccnrnplish thlnw with-
o'lt lavish expenditure, discuss important matters nnd give orders to
their delegates to the Centric mect-
ine. The member must pay heed to
thoir reqi lists, If he does not fire him
as you would, nny other un'nlth til
servant. Tho lollowing are some suggestions upon which I have written
volumes nnd mayhe ynu can improve
nron them:
I. thit In all cases no candld'ire
for Provincial    or Dominion   Parlia
ment be supported unless the candidate giveB a written undertaking to
resign if his services are not considered satisfactory by his constituents,
in short to agree to bo subject to recall at any time.
2. That .the Ceotral ABso;iatlon
should prepare a written policy as to
legislation required by tbe district,
and that the candidate Bhould be
called upon to suprort it and to report progress of the same rfrom time
to timo to his Association,
GOVERNMENTAL ASSISTANCE
TO AGRICULTURISTS
who are the basic source 0i permanent wealth and who need assistance.
If public opinion approves of it, and
Bays bo with no uncertain voice, tbey
will get it. Imagine tho vast wealth
East Kootenay alone could produce
in livestock and fo.Hlsturts for the
hungry multitudes in tho cities, who
are to-day sending their hard-earned
money to Ch'na for eggs, to Australia for meat and butter, and to
our American cousins for hundreds of
housands of dollars' worth of goo Is
which Canadians should be protlirc-
inr et home and exporting instead ot
importing.
The Government very wisely nd-
viBes the formers to produce the food
which tho Empire needs, the poor
settlor replies it Is much like poor
old Pharoh who commanded the Israelites to make bricks without
straw, he didn't get mnny bricks;
neither can our farmers produce much
without financial assistance, to purchase livestock, to clear and irrigate
lind, obtain modern machinery, nnd
to erect creameries and so forth.
lt is, of course, unreasonable to
ask or expect nny Government to
make great financial arrangements
during tno continuance ot the terrl
ble war, hi it there is pood reason to
expect that it will not last much
longer. In the meantime, tb ise not
engaged in fighting sbo'i'd bc doing
sometb'ng useful in preparing for the
groat future of Ci n idn, npd our own
distrlctB in particular.
THE LUMBER INDUSTRY
has in thc past been tbe back-bone of
the wealth ot British Columbia, for
yenrB pant it has declined. Thc outbreak of war had very little to do
with the terrible stnte it Is in to lay.
It was decided to close thc mills
before wnr was mooted, becnuse the
home market for years post had been
delivered over to foreign competitors,
mlllmen have to Pay duty on all imported material Ihey use nnd st the
same time theirs is tbe only unprotected Industry in Cnnada thrown
open to the unmerciful ravnges of
foreign competitors who hnvo advantages not possessed by Cnnidians,
Tho question Is often asked why Canadians cannot compete successfully
with n country whose industries are
nursed and protected. The full details would fill a voldme if explained,
but tbo fact remains thnt throe hundred end tlfty million bave been imported 'for yearB past) annually, and
a smnll measure of protection would
hnve > opt the business for Canadians
and the many millions of cash paid
to foreigners might have been kept
in Canada.
LOSS OF EXPORT LUMBER
BUSINESS.
In 1902 Britifb Columbia did over
thirty-throe per cent, of the export
trnde to Australia, in 1913 she did
only four per cent. About seven liundrod millions per annum have been
exported by Washington nnd Oregon
trom their coasts to toreign points.
There are various reasons to;- the
decline In British Columbia exports,
most of which could he counteracted
by Governmental attention to vital
matters which cannot be handled by
individual endeavor,, und it Is reasonable to ask that prompt and energetic measures be ta'ten to foster und
protect a' great industry thnt provides thc moans of subsistence lor
thousands of men, and Indirectly supports merchants and other allied industries which are so seriously affected when the income derived Irom
lumbor ceases. If British Columbia
did one-half of the export trade
(three hundred and fifty millions)
which she Bhould do, nnd tbe home
market waa protected, and by so
doing kept out three hundred anil lif-
ty millions of Imports, the extra
buBlncss which British Columbia is
reasonably and justly entitled to,
would make the lumber business
prosperous. It means that approximately an extra ten mil ii n dollars
would he expended or circulated ea"h
year amongst tbe people of British
Columbia.
WHAT PATERNALISM HAS DONE
FOR OTHER COUNTRIES.
That the fostering of Industries by
Governments haB been successful thore
thore cannot be two opin'ons. The
primary reason Britain rules tho
oceans and doea the carrying trade of
the wo-ld ls owing to the fact tint
she was generous to the shipping interests many years since.
By thc fostering and nursing of infant industries the United Stntes
mnde rapid strides in obtaining ber
fihnre of the world's trnde antl commerce. Germany adopted tho same
policy, by which she has acennu'at-
ed vast hoards of wealth during tho
pnst 40 years, anil her gnat financial
success attained made it possible for
hcr ambitious military rulers to ne-
Pirc to tho conquest of the world.
Thc Government of Denmark raised
that country from poverty affluence
by nssUting the indigent farmers witb
legislation and money, by kindly und
intelligent paternalism she made ber
people happy and prosperous. Australia nnd Ecw Zealand are following
Denmark'b example.
Not only British Columbia, but tho
whole of the Canadian West might be
materially assisted by tho wlec application of an extended paternil
care. I have advocated th'-s for years
Pnst and It Is encourng'ng t0 note
thnt tho Provincial Gopemnent of
llrltlsh Columbia has decidod to deal
wltb this Important question, and it
is now timo for the people to   give
Monthly Council Meeting
Deputations wait on Council from the Farmers'
Institute and the Loyal Orange Lodge
The mual monthly count il  meeting   pose of presenting a petition   to   the
was held in th* city council chambers  ro n?il   drawing   their attention   to
Death ofJMrs. Joliffe
It is with deep regret thnt we havo
to record tbo death of Florence Mary
Knightly, tbe beloved wlfo of Alfred
Jolliffe, who pnssed nwny In Crnnbrook on Widiicsdny noou, Docombor
30th, nt Mrs. Dent's hospital, Tho
funeral services will bo hold in the
Baptist church on Friday, January
1st, nt 3 p. in. Interrniiiii will hn
In the Crnnbrook cemetery. Friends
and ncqiinlnlancon will kindly accept
tbls Intimation.
Mra. Jolliffe loaves her liuWband and
tbree boys Alfred, Wilfred and Kenneth, to mourn bor loss,
Mr. Jolliffe was at. one time pro-
prlntor ot the Cm1 nil Moat Market
before   It   was   purchased   by the 41
Market Company. He Is a mnn who
has many friends in the city and deep
sympathy wlll he felt for him and
his family now that sad bereavement
has touched his borne circle. Her life
was gentle, hut like still wntors lt
wub deep. In hor heart of henrta thi
carried thoso she loved, nnd her hind
was never wenry, hor stop never nll-
nl In ministering unto, curing for,
or waiting upon Ihnso who were hi
my .iny dependent upon hor.
"Thon1 toll upon tho houso n sudden
gloom,
A shadow on those fontu-os fair anil
thin;
Ami softly, from that binboil and
darkened room,
Two angels Issued where but one
wont In."
The Agony of War
By .Iiistk* a.
COMMUNICATION.
Thc lelfllh nature of man ih exhibited in IiIh /lustful desire to rule, ur
(mln: thnt, to mln nntl destroy.
TIiIh ambition Ih not monopolized hy
Germans, thoir refined culture of
cruelty end depredation Iiiih many
Imitator* or disciples m our midst.
Battles mny he bloodless, nevertheless thc cITt'ciH arc upinlly cruel, honorable death heint; prcfciable to a
life uf Imputed Infamy, especially
whin undeserved. Yet men o<upying
high position* lu ftoricty, ia their
struggle fur plnce and lower, : arri-
lice truth nnd decency nnd lower
themselves to the d wpost depths o¥
lnf'iiiiy, lower than the hove*, uf the
brute creation ean reach, fur they do
protect the femalcH nature's first I aw
or instinct.
Hume humntl HcmlH, thiih [iirriulln/
uh men, observe no b'W <,r dooi nt In
fttfnct In their pursuit nl power and
kii n; volleys uf sesndali shells hiied
with    jugg d    bullet it n. cruel   false
Monday aftorn on. This meHhg
should hive taken (face nn the Hth:
but owing to there not being a quorum of aldermen in attendense the
meeting  was postponed.
Mayor Taylor presided, supported
by Aldermen Leask, (ienest, Horie
and Campbell.
Mr. Wright, being in walt'ng, was
given an opportunity to speak. Tn
bia remarks Mr. Wright referred to
his h rue, which wns in pound. He
uoderatood It had been there tfor two
weeks but be only became aware ol
the fact on Saturday. He wanted
thp horse but he had no money
wherewith to Pny the usual poundage
fees for keen, which acco^d'ng to the
by-law amounted to $1.00 per day.
He was a prospector in the district
and wh«n Inst he saw the horse it
was away up on Baker mountain,
and it must have wandered down to
the city.
Under the pressing circumstances
Alderman Leask was for letting tbe
horse be taken away, for if tbey put
it up for Bale it was questionable if
they could realise th? amount due.
The mayor was for letting the man
have tbe horse for the norr innl fee
of $3.00, which would just cover the
cost of tho hay on which horses In
the pound were fed. By (following
these suggestions it was felt that
too much or a precedent would be
made and so Aldermen Campbell nnd
Horie no*rd nnd second d thnt the
provisions of the by-law be followed
—carried.
Mr. A. H. Webb, secretary of the
Farmers' Institute, then a Idressed
the meeting in reference to the public
market question. In his address Mr.
Webb referred to th» mnny former
means of livelihood on which the peo
nle subsisted being removed farther
away. Lumber was narly gone,
mines were mt producing, mills were
closing their dooft, etc., thus making it very hard for the farmer to
dispose of his produce. He made
•nent'on of tin f-ct that env assistance the city cnn give the farmers
will reflect to their credit, by assisting a growing ird istry not a,one in
tho sale o' their products but rnno'T-
iiging others to pay more attention
to the possible growing needs of the
district .as nn agricultural centre and
a district for mixed farming. He was
addressing tbe council for tbe purpose of ft'jkin? tbem to call a meeting of the vnrious institutes and ns-
snclntions mostly dtrectlv interested
there'n for th« purposo of discussing
wnvs and means to further tho good
vork already begun.
Mr. H. Macd nald, tbe r'no n-d
ed ocatc of mixed farming for tho
district ns the most provable solution to the mnny difficulties thnt exist ,fn a district of th's character, addressed th° meeting along the same
distinct   nnd unmistakable directionsI lines bh Mr. Webb.     Mr.  Macdcn\ld
bunds, dol I be ra tel y tired in qttlek and I
COnUnbOIH succession, nre aimed nt
iiiiii wh > dure tu suggest reforms uf
vile abuses. I'Vw reformers of noble
character ever exist, and fewer survive the Infamous nUao'.n uf slander,
in uiendo „nd lies.   Illstiry ncords »
few exceptional oasei of men of  ei-
truoiiliiiarily    strong character,   who
have thn courage to "null tho llo tu
the mast" An<1 bring the culprits to
feel the Iniquity of their inhuman offences, especially when directed
agnfnst the lnnoc>nt. female members
of decent society, for the express pur
lose uf hitting a pd'ticnl opponent
or reformer. Mothers, sisters, wives
or daughters may bo drowned in seas
of bitter tears, nnd writhe In anguish nt the thought of the implbd
infamy of their beio, tho victim uf
trsducers. To strike a political opponent and bis friends by defaming
innocent women Is duply courting
thu CoddesH Nemesis nnd hor response will be most gonsroiti; she
win not forget the teare, the anguish,
thfl sufferings of the Inn cent victims;
for every wail nnd groan that as
rinds to her Ma'esty's throne, the
guilty tradueera wlll sen ()r feel thousands uf tm»ers of scorn pointed at
them In execration and wilh disgust.
This applies especially in small
OOTntmhltlee where the ultimate oh
jectlve of the trnducers Is known and
th" reasons nra understood, The writ-
oi   wns inspired to write    the    foregoing by   a   remark   uverhen'd    pi Inr
j to a campaign.
A scendaloiiH tale waa la Ing told
n'o f m' candidate to the opposition
candidate, who snid, "Well, I don't.
believe It, but keep It. going Until after  th"  election."
Mr. nnd Mrs. A. I). Horsnmn nnd
soli of ' Ileal liy are spending thn
Christmas h dldnys with Mr. and
Mra. T. 0. Ilorsmaii „f tula city,
and commands to th^ir representatives, as to what is desired and required.
The vnrious Central. Associations if
organized flnd properly condtfted can
issue commands that no member of
Parliament dare to ignore.
Farmer'sjnstitute
Through thc courtesy and kindness
of the Mayor thc next mooting 0f the
above Institute wlll |>u held in tbe
City Hall on Saturday, January 9th,
at 2M p, m, Papers will be read on
"Hutatii ii of Crops" and "When ty
MJ.k" or "Hummer v Winter Dairy
Ing." Interesting discussions are
pure to follow these papers. Following the public meeting bold in the
City Hall on Monday, ./Miliary 4th,
a discusHlon on the market problem
Is sure to Joom Inrue In the after-
noun's business.
ORANBROOK PUBLIC MABKBT
Mr. W. B- McFarlane Uri* boen Mud
enough tu allow Hm farmers try out
a market in IiIh uld furniture store.
It wuh thought thnt arrangements
COUld have been made with the city
for a permanent plnce by the end of
the year. It bis, however, been in-
posslhlo to do that, The Olty Coin
ell  has  rulled  a   piiltic  meeting    for
Monday, January 4th, to consider
tbo whole question. Thi market win
bo held each Bn turd ay for the   pros*
referrrd to tbe fnct that if It had
not hern 'or the efforts of the Cran
hrco'f Farmers' Institute representative at the coist cenventirns ihe
foisibte pre-emptions our n*d Inst
year wouM never bave heen accomplished. He also drew the council's
attention to the advocated 160 acres
of laed in place of th" 40 acres n»
Present allotted. Bv the council endorsing the BUgsest'on brought 'or-
ward by Mr. Webb It woi'd os^t
them a ere of d*al in anv future Steps
that mny be ta^en.
Alderman    Oampbell    thought    the
move a good one and moved tbnt   a
meeting  be culled for  Monday,  JSDU<
'_ I ary 4th, In the council chambers, nn I
that representatives from the Farm*
.rn' Institute, Poultry Association,
Retail Merchants A SI oclatlon,, the
Board of Trade and other Interested
aStoH itiorm or institutes |)C urtAi'il iii
be prCBl nt. The meeting was to be
of  a public    character    to  btar   nny
sng(,'eBti( m that may be brought for
ward respecting the public market
question, ,
Alderman Horie brought the atteo-
tb u of tbe Partners' Institute delegates to that ifnct that If tbe mar
ket was tu be a success at nil it was
n"cesHary fur the market gnrdeners
to lower their prlees a little below
tho sture prices; at the present time
a person COUld phone to n store and
order the guods to be stnl. home, and
in many cases la e lib ('ays tt» pay
tbe account, whereas In tbe ma ' et a
rnt. On Saturday, tbe !lth, it will be
held In the same uld Hlnid on Armstrong avMiiie. Hnturdny uay not
be Uie beat market day Bo ft be
Ho VOS all 'hose interested to turn OUt
uu Monduy and put, on recurd their
Ideas as to how, wben nnd where a
market   OOUld beat ho run   so aa   to
perSCn mUBl leave their work, pur-
DbnSO what Ihey want and carry It
home, There mint be a different ba
sin mi which to work the market,
The stores bnve n perfect right to te
cilve a littl higher mice for tbe service they give.
Mr. II, Hi Carrett and Mr, McKm b
serve the best. Interests Of producers rcn   were preitenl uh del eg ft tea   from
nnd consumers, | the Loyal Orange Lodge, fur the pur
lin 11 legality of any grant they may
make toward the Young Men's Club
of free taxation or n sum equivalent
to th> amount of same, it not being
in the sense of the law nn institute n for the purrose of dispensing
charity or providing relief for the
poor, the request for free tn'ation
being made at a previous meeting of
tbe counc 1 by the Rev. Mr. Dunham
and placed on tbe minutes for further consideration.
The pet'tlon was presented to the
council under the seal of the lodge
and signed by the W. M., Secretary
nnd P, M., rn-1 rrad as follows:
Cran'-roo'-., B.  0„ Dec. 2S
To His Worship ths Mayor and Alder-
rwn of the City of Cranbrook.
Gentlemen—Understanding thit at
the last regular meeting of the
Crnnbrook City Council, Bev. Mr.
Dunhim made a*ipllcatfon for exemption from taxation on the Young
Men's Club,
We, fts a committee, appear before
vou to state the opposition to this
request, rnd the resolutions oppos-
'ne cane which have been unanlmous-
'v pdonted by the Cranbroo't I oval
"rani'e I odge and the Crnnbrook pa-
dies' Brnivolent Association, in regular meetings assembled, and which
membership consists of taxpayers,
householders, license holders and loyal citizens of Cranbrook.
The rePo'uHon ndopted by theee
' o lies Is as follows:
"Wher»as the Rev. Mr. Dunham bas
aopeared before the Cranbrook City
'"o noil rnl made a re-unst for ex-
-mntion from taxnt'on of the Young
Men's Club,
"And whereas the citv council Ms
inferred the matter to a later meet-
'»g,
"AjhI wh-reas th« request Is a sne-
nfal priv*We, end conflicts with our
•"otto nf 'Equal Bights to AU. and
"i'eclfll privileges to None,'
"It is resolved thnt Crnnbrook
Loyal Ore nge Lodge, No. 1871, and
Stnr of the West Lodge, Ko. 93, La-
dirs Orange Boncvolen^ AS'OClaHon,
n regular mect'ng<i nss°mbled. do
Irrein put themselves on record as
"naltcrah|v onposod to this or anv
o'ber request for special privileges'
'ind th» c'tv council by Iiw, no* hav-
n- the. power to exempt from ta^p-
'ion by other means th->n a bv-'aw,
'bfch before the tlnal poi-j-'gn th°re-
r>f has been submitted to the   elect-
*orn „' *n, M'in'cf'T'it" "-ho p"" Entitled to vote upon n by-law to contrnct a debt, de petitioned as follows:
"(1) To deal with this matter
during their term of office, it being
a request which concerns this year's
taxes, nnd
"(2) Thnt the law, as set forth
in the Inst edition of the Municipal
Act bc observed,
"(3) That tf the city council
sbuii'd feel d sposed toward un.'.iiig
any concessions to Rev. Mr. Dunham,
to first submit tbe queation to the
electors in o by-law."
We beg to point out that in Rev-
elsto'ie last yenr the Y.M.C.A. went
to th'? council and asked for exemption. The council submitted the
q108tion in the form of a bylaw to
the elcc'ors. nnd the electors voted
it down. Wc arc not afraid of the
verdict of the people, and if Rev.
Mr. Dunham is, then that should be
a good reason for refusing hla . request. ,
We would suggest.also thit if this
ccncesilon is granted it will only be
ths fornrunner nf other coneesalona.
We ta'tc the view that th" council
has neither the power to exempt from
taxes or make a grant to the Young
Men's Club without, a vote of the
ratepayers, and in substantiation of
this contention WS wish [to deal brief-
,v with tbe clauses of the Act which
bear on the question.
Section 197, Hir. Section fl) of the
last edition nf the Municipal Act
says "Kvery building sot apart and
in us" for the public wursbip of Qod"
shall be exempt, fr,,m taxation. The
build ng is exempt because Improvement nre oxsmpted from taxation in
a great many of the municipalities
of th" province. Kor example In Vancouver all improvements are exempt
from taxation, and the taxes nre
laid uu th' laud only. The BftftlO
applies to Victoria and New West
minster,   Ro It Is tu meet (with this
condition of affairs in the different
municipalities that the butld'ng isox-
empted.   Hul  not one fool  of land Is
exempted anywhero in tho province if
It belongs to a rollglOUB df,a'»rninn-
tlon, Hut the Young Men's Cluh la
not set apart for the pULflC wnrihip
<>f Ood, nud wo claim cannot come
(Continued on P»Rc Threo.) THE PROSPECTOR, CRANBROOK, B. C.
©he proepeetor, ©rcmhrooh, §. (!T,
ESTABLISHED    1895
Published Every Saturday Morning at Cranbrpok, B.O.
F.  M. Christian, general manager
SUBSCRIPTION  RATES  $2.00  PER  YEAR
Postage to  American,   European   (Br itish   isles  excepted)   and  other  foreign countries,  50 cents a year extra.
ADVERTISEMENTS—Advertising rates furnished on application. No
advertisements but those of a reputable character will be accepted for
publication.
ADVERTISERS AND SUBSCRIBERS.-Unless notice to tbe contrary
ls given to local manager advertisements and subscriptions will be kept
running and charged up against their account. 	
21st YEAR
CRANBROOK, B.C      January  2,    1915.
In another part of this Usue will
be found the report of the City Council meeting. At this meeting representatives of the Loyal Orange lodge
presented a resolution to the Council directing the members' attention
to a request made to them by Rev.
Mr. Dunham for free taxation for the
Young Men's Clup. It wil1. be found
thnt the step the Lodge took was
not with any idea of encroachng on
municipal atlairn but rather with the
idea of carrying out the objects of
the order and fulfilling one of .their
obligations "Equal rights for all anj
special privileges to non\" We are
assured that the same action would
. be taken irrespective of thc cned of
the parties interested. The fact is
that to have granted the request the
Council would be obliged to exceed
their powers which has been the case,
unconsciously no doubt, in different
municipalities of the province in the
past. The Municipal Act cl .-arly
states must be made by a resolution
or by a by-law. The present case in
question is one that would come under the head of a by-law which had
to be first submitted to the ratepayers for approval.
• •   •   •
"The Daily News Advertiser" of
Vancouver, in tbdr isaue of Friday,
December 4th, reports that an indignation meeting of the Grantlview
ratepayers association was held with
the intention of drawing tbe attention of the Council to the many
leakages that have taken place in
civic affairs for yenrs past, small
grants having been made which totalled up to a large sum. "It. was
not the intention of the movers ln
the proposal tbat anyone be sent to
gaol or even that any refund shou!d
be made, inasmuch as these grants
were apparently made witb the best
ttt intentions, but the result, of the
inquiry would he thnt 'we'd i.hrt'W
such a scare Into our civic representatives tbat tbey would bc more careful In future." By the municipal law
it la not only Illegal to mako any
special grants unless it is for the
purpose of assisting charitable Institutions or for the purpose of extending rtf.ief, but it is also illegal for a
grant to be made the equivalent uf
the amount of the taxos and bunded
back for the payment of same.
• •   •   ■
Tbe municipal councils throughout
tho province have been making grants
uf one kind or another not realising
the seriousness of tbe position In
which they place themselves. In
many cases It has been only of re
Cent date tbat the people bave he-
gun to interest tbeiiiselvea sulflciriit-
ly in municipal affairs to didve Into
the rights and wrongs uf no many
grnnts being made ((f the ratepayers'
im n'cH. With incoming civic ofbcials
It will In perhaps many cases be hard
to turn down certain requests, but
the men who represent the cities will
have tu ho men of backbone and
have tbe courage to eny no if necessary. ,
Surprise Party
On Monday the young ladies nf tbe
Young Mi n s club gave a surprise party fur Mr. Mirams, the physical n
structor, and b n wife. In itations
had been exUnded to the young men
and a goodly and happy crowd were
on hand wh-n the festivities commenced. Games were indulged in and
thin came a splendid program prepared by tbe hostesses, to which the
f Mowing contributed: tf. PhHlips,
Miss Caslake, Misses Kdith Macd >n-
ald and Bertha Gill, MiBB Doris Kershaw. A handsome mantel cb>ck was
then presented to Mr. nnd Mrs. Mirams w* a token of appreciation for
the interest which they both have
manifested in the club's doings. Tbe
presrntation speech was neatly made
by Miss Caslake aud Mr. Mirams appropriate v reified, after which the
boys and girls joined tn singing "For
They Are Jolly Good Fellows."
Canada's Empire Rally
When the great Armada ot thirty-
one big ships, carrying thirty-two
thousand of Canada's sons, and escorted by ninetefn great Britiib battle ships, weighed anchor and sailed
down the St. Lawrence, c irrying our
men to aid in lighting th1 Empire's
battles, few peorlJ realized all it
meant to Canida. It has been the
talk Ol the whole world. Statesmen
aad newspapers tha world over commented on -it nnl cried ''Bravo, Canada." Th-> Illustrated London News
said the arrival was "an event unparalleled since William the Conqtwr-
or." ft. was truly a magnificent spectacle to see this g'-eat tleet setting
sail, a siirht never before seen on Canadian shores. News ,,f the departure
was censored and kept so secret tbat
few indeed were rn the scene to see
the big ships weight, nn hor on the
Gaspe const. Th's spectacle would
have been lost to the people of Cannda had not The Family Herald and
Star of Montrenl bad tbeir staff of
photographers there to reproduce it.
Their photos ,-,f the great flotilln nre
the best piece of photographic work
in the history tJf the art. They se-
cired a _ panoramic view showing
miles and miles of tho gnat troopships and battleships as they swung
Into line on Ihe wav to the Atlantic.
In lhis picture The Family Herald
and ffookly Htar certn'nly possess a
treasure. It will be the greatest Canadian Souvenir or tli° War. it is
1.1J inchni drop by 4fi indies in
length. It is reserved exclusively for
Family Hernld nnd Star subscribers,
and all who become subscribers for
1915, Tbe picture will be sent free to
anyone sem^nr one doll ir f »r n year's
Huliscrlptlon to that great paper.
The demand is already co-mous,
nnd every home in Canada wilt want
it. Tt. will be Canada p great memento, „nd years hence, when neighbors are imt h°re.| discussing the
grent war, the picture w 11 point the
It is truly magnificent, and full of
Tt Is truly mncoilcent, and full of
patriotic Inspiration, Tlmsn desiring
a cony, should order Thfl Family
Herald  and   Weekly  Star at once.
HHHHHEBIfflHBBilBiHtailHHHliBHlSBBIKiiBta
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CANADIAN
PACIFIC
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Christmas & New Years J
Holidays
PAHE  AND  ONR-THIRN   FOH THK HOI Nl) TRIP.
Between all Stations
i
Port Arthur to Vancouver    ■
ii.
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and branches
Hfl Going   Dat.™   Dec.    22ml to December 25th and Deeembor Mth
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IH 1914, to January    1st,    1815,                                   m
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j*j Pinal  Rotiirn  Limit,  January 4th, 1916.                       «
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il FOH BTJHTHnn PARTICULARS Applv to Noarwt Agtnt, or    1
il Wl
tjf\ It. IIAWSMN,                                                                                   11
li Dlstrlot I'nssmgrr Agont,                           H
li GAMIARY, Alberta     W
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111 ill il « », IM H H H Ili «. «i to to] 111 M il Ml il HI il il M to. to.Mlmtot
Purveyors of Falsehoods
Hy  A.  E.   WATTS
In their line of scandal by innuendo, double entendre and misquoting
speakers the Cranbrook Herald certainly has excelled itself since the
employees obtained a lease of the
paper.
By omissions and misconstruing
what1 the Attorney-General said at
the meeting in the Kdison theatre on
December 18, but ibis is mild com-
Pnred with other malicious Btllfl doled out.
It is childish to attempt to bid for
the sympathy ol the distressed by suppressing one of the important items
ably dealt with by the Honorable
Mr. Bowser, and that Is his very
clearly expressed statement "tbat no
person in British Columbia should
sutler for food or clothin,' so long as
a dollar was left in tbe Provincial
Treasury." Vt-t, the Herald .ays
"the men of this city need ;l job
or something to eat and the McBride
(Government can supply neither." I
challenge the editor or manager to
give me the name of any man cr
woman in Cranbrook suffering Cor
food; if they are the Herald is to
1 lame for suppressing the statement
of the Attorney-General made before
hundreds nf hearers, aml personally 1
can vouch for the fact that he gave
definite orders for those in duties
to be carefully looked after, aiul that
due arrangements have been made.
This the Herald Tnows ns well as 1 do
and hundred'* of others in Cranbrook.
Such misleading untrue statements
like many others made by tbe Herald will have the opposite effect to
the one sought for; 99 per cent, of
the people admire truth and courage,
but innuendo, lies and malice are the
recognised tools of assassins. Honorable combatants wh,. tight Iq the
open are admired. Ih* other class
are loosed upon with disdain, and
their miserable shrunken cringing
figure? suggest the spawn of Hades.
What a pleasure it must be for such
to walk the streets and feel the disdainful look'of their fel'owmen, more
especially the scorn o? women who
idmire manly men, n't rrmgiu; apologies of things somewhat resembling
the form of men, the residuum 0t humanity  mho grovel  in  the  gutters of
envy, spite, malice, scandal and attempts to destroy the reputation of
honorable men nud women by anonymous items with double meaning deliberately published for that purpose.
I challenge the Herald Bcrlbes to
meet me on a public pllatform before
all the working men tbey can gather
(the more the better) and we will
thoroughly analyze the scribes, and
the audience shall be judge and jury,
as to the wrongful attempts made by
the Herald  In and on many subjects.
Uh. ASSISTANCE) TO FARMHRS
I was the ilrst one iu Hritisb Co,
luinbia to pubiut y advocate Governmental assistance to agriculturists;
prior to that 1 hul discussed the
matter with the Premier who was iu
sympathy with the idea. Yet immediately after the lirst article I wrote
on the BUbJJOt appeared, the Liberals
borrowed the idea and used it as a
brilliantly  original  one
Sir Richard McBride d >es qo! jump
at conclusions, when be done a thing
ilike the HonoiaMe W. J, Bowser)
lie does it thoroughly, » la Bona
[arte. Consequently a commission
was appointed to investigate and tind
out from actual observation how tho
various systems adopted by Ben
mark, Australia and New /.e: tin ml
worked and to choose the best for
application m British Columbia. The
war in the meantime has made it
impossible to raise large funds for
such a purpose and nny reasonable
man can understand that.
Note the exquisite elegance of the
diction of the Herald in writing on
this subject, vii.
"Mr. Bowser dwelt at some length
"on tbe New Zealand laud policy
"stating that the system of that
"country was being studied by the
"Briti-h Columbia Government.
"This same line of bunk was handi
"ed out in Cranhrook years aKO,"
Tbe truth of this remark is on a
par with many other statements of
the Herald and deserves no comment,
except the fact that the commission
handed in its report on Mew Zealand
at tbe l>st session, and no mention
of it hnd ever before been made *\\
Cranhrook by any Minister of the
Crown, nor nny other public official.
Sunshine Society
The Sunshine Society will hold
their regular monthly public meeting
nn Mo'day afternoon at 3.30 p. m.
in the City Hall. All who are interested in th* work or the society are
cordially invited to attend. During
the past month the Society laveljeen
vrry busy dtaptnilng relic! and assist
Ing Where assistance was needed, ministering unto nnd generally taking
care of those who through unfortun-
nte circumstances were unable to do
for themselves. At this meeting
their work will undoubtedly be ex
plained and anv question which may
he nsk"d will be chectfully responded
to.
Tho Santa Clans committee of the
Sunshine Society wlsb tn thank those
whose donation!! helped so much to
gladden th" hearts rli so many little
ones this Christmas time.
The fo'lowiig donated groceries,
fruits, confectionery, toys, books,
etc. -Mrs. H. A. McKowan, Mrs. W.
H. Wilson, Mrs. fl. M. Barney, Mrs.
■I. M. Robertson, Mrs. Christie, Mr
T. Summers. Kimberley, Mrs. J. D.
McBrlde, Kn n Church Mission Band,
Mrs. Bridges, Mr. T. fl. (Jill. Bhac-
kleto,, children, Mr. Ilalsnl, Mrs.Hal-
mi. Hazel nnd Lillian .lackson, Mrs.
John Leask, Burton children, Mrs.M.
Horie, Mrs. Bowness, Mrs. Pete
Woods, Mr. Moffat, Mrs. Brecken
Beale children, Miss Prcst, MrB. Lydia Burge, Perry Creek, Mrs. Roy
Burge. Perry Creek, Mrs. Tlsdale,
Mrs. K. V. Brake, Mrs. Q, Patmore,
Mrs. Gilmore, Mrs. J. P. Pink, Mrs.
F. Wass, n. Mrs. Harshaw, Mm. S.
Uyektnan, Mrs. Miles, Mrs. Ed. Patterson, Mrs. Powell, Mrs. A. 0. Nelson. Mrs. .1. B. Hall, Mr. H. Ogd«n,
Mrs. W. Cameron, A Friend, Mrs. C.
Little,  Mrs.  F. flodderis.
The tollowlDg made cash donations
-Mrs. A. ||. Webster, Mrs. Arthur
Fnrrls. Klmberley, Mrs. 0, W. Carter, Mnnnlng children, Bu'1 River,
Nltbet A McDonald, Mr. and Mrs.
McCreery, Curling Club, A Hncloty,
Mnyor and MrB. Taylor, Mrs. J. M.
RobertlOn, (llll children, Mra. M. Mc-
Cre.-ry, A  Friend, Calgary.
Wc als,, wish to thank Messrs. Llt-
t'i A Atchison fur the ubo of their
■ton, Iir. King and Carl Oil for tho
use ol their autns; Mr. Billot and Mr.
Wordon  for assistance,
Hockey Game a Draw
In a most BtrontlOUfl rami- of hockey that wuh full of sensational foa-
tines and a roo sawing scorn the
Oranbrook 'ind Kernie teams played
to n draw, ;i to :i. The game wa«
played in Kernie on Monday night.
Tbe Kernie bnvs drew first _hlond   l»y
soaring *" the flrst quarter nnd   ro*
pratod ilw> same dose u f«w minutes
later. McKay then score for Ornnbrook In a pretty shot and n little
later Callahan scored, mnking the
Hcore stand 2 rill. With very little
time to play  Klllott Grown floored lor
Cranbrook putting his team in the
lead. Just as the gong was cl. n ;ing
Kernie scored, ending the game in a
most exciting manner.
The line-up was afl follows:
Goal—L. Crowe.
Po'nt-C.  McNabb.
Cover Point—J. Callahan.
Rover—Bob McKay.
Centre—A.  Powers.
Left Wing—F. Callahan.
Right Wing—E. Crowe.
The teams will tan-le again on
New Year's Day at Lezert'g Rink,
Hanson avenue, CranbrLo't. Game
called at 3 o'clock.
Petition to close bars
The, Provincial Social Service Council of Vancouver are circulating a petition throughout tbe Province lor
signatures to he attached. The purpose of the petition is to ask tbo
legislature at tbe neit sitting ot the
Legislative Assembly to close all hotel bars, wholesale nnd retail liquor
stores, (Cubs, and generally all places
where liquor Is licensed to be sold
within the province from C p. m. until the morning following at 8 a. m.
The petition is being very largely
signed and when presented to the
House will he found to contain an
immense number of names.
To counteract this there is another
petition be also extensively signed,
and perhaps more bo than the former; this latter petition will also he
presented to the Legislative Assembly. It purports to draw the ntten-
tii n of the representatives tn the
House to the fact that the Social
Service Council's petition, It it became law, would make a serious Interference with thc rlghta of the industrious, respectable and law-abiding residents of the Province, It
would aloo Incommode nnd inconvenience, the reasonable comfort ot the
travelling public, nnd also that It
would bc a gross Injustice to thc hotel keepers who have to pay large
fees for their licences.
ti__4__Mw_.__9 f_A—^,
•cnn
MIUM
luffim
a" riiJhhtWi'i
Catarrh?
Is nasal breathing
impaired? Does
your throat get
husky or clogged?
Modern sclenco proves
thnt these symptoms result from run-down boa Ith.
SiuiITm und vapors urn Irritating nnd useless,
Tho oil-food In Scott's Emulsion
wlll enrich and enliven Ihe blood
nid nutrition nnd nsslst nature
check thn Inllammutlon nnd J
bual thn sensitiveinombruncs. i
3hm Alcoholic mlxtum
and imitt upon SCOTTS.
Ill'
Election of Officers
N. Clarke Wallace Preceptory No.
780, Royal Black Knights ol Ireland,
held their annual meeting and election of ofllcers Christmns afternoon,
several of the outside members heing
in the city over the holidays. Sir
Knight !(. B. Garrett, who has illled
the olllce of registrar since the Inception of lhe Preceptory, was reelected to that chair lor (he fifth
year. Following nre tbe n»wly illect-
ed olllcern:
WorshlpUm Preceptor-Sir W. Harold llrown.
Deputy Preceptor Mir A. 1). Horn-
loan.
Hir W. (I.  Hayward.
Sir 11. B, Cnrrett.
Sir T. 0. llorsiinn.
ellirer—Sir   H.  T.   lUvnns.
A.   .1.  Unburn.
Horace Munroe,
Chaplain
Registrar
Treasurer
Second  l.c
First .Censor    Sir
Second Censor   Hir
First Standard Deafer—Sir Kric
Olson.
Second Standard Hearer- Sir Joseph, Mills.
Pursuivant   Sir  S.   I,.   Williams,
First Committeeman Hir .Inmes
Finlny.
Second Cooonllteeman Sir .Tames
Hysiop.
Third Committeeman—Sir it.Campbell.
Fourth, Filth, Sixth and Seventh
t ominittceiuen-Tho tlrst four ofllcers.
Sir Knight R, S. Garrett was elect
ed to represent the Preceptory at thn
meeting of the Provincial (Irnnd
Lodge at Cbllliwnek In Fobruary.
SOCIAL EVENING
Tb; box social and entertainment
given Tuesday evening by the Star of
the Wost l.odgo, No. 93, Ladies Orange Benevolent Association, was a
most en.'o.able affair and successful
■n every way. A quite large number
of young fcllk were in attendance to
cn.'oy the program und take part in
the auction sale of  the boxes.
The program was as follows:
Instrumental duet—Miss Abbot and
Mrs. Lister.
Reading—Mrs. Bassett.
Duet—Messrs Hockey and Brlstow.
Violin solo-Miss Reta McMillan.
Song—Hector Donaldson.
Orchestra et lection—Messrs. Scott
and Chcnez.
Violin solo—Mrs.' Lister.
Recitation—Miss Vera Bradwin,
R. B. Garrett acted as auctloner,
and the bidding being brisk the boxes
were very quickly disposed of, the limit set on the boxes being obtained
in nearly every case.
After tea, coffee and refreshments
had been partaken of an impromptu
pro;ram was contributed to by Mr.
McMillan, Master Donaldson, Miss
Abbott, Mrs. Lister, Mr. Scott, after wblch the meeting wns closed hy
singing the National Anthem.
We understand the Ladles' Orange
purpose holding several social even
ings during the winter months.
Presbyterian Church
Pastor, Rev. W. K. Thomson
A DAV OF INTERCESSION.
Morning service, 11 a. m.     Subject
The War and the Churches."
Sunday School and Bible Class at
3 p. m.
Evening service, 7.3H p. m.   Subject
—"Intercession."
Anthem morning and evening.
"Blessed are tbe peacemm .ers;   for
they shall   be called the children of
Aod."   Matt. 5c, 9v.
Baptist Church
Pastor, Rev. O. O. Kendall.
Services 11 a. m. and 7.30 p. in.
Sunday School 3.00 p. in.
Fellowship Bible Clasa 3 p, m.
Morning topic-"Fld.lity to a Su-
cred Trust."
Evening toplc-"My New Year Rc-
solution-Henrt Sorvlco."
Sunday services will ho Intercen-
sory in character'In accordance with
the King's call to nation il prayer.
Watch night scrvlco wlll bo observed on Thursdny night.
The paator nnd members of the
Baptist church extend heartiest Now
Venr grectlngB to thc Prospector and
ItB readers.
wlll
■ ob-
Methodist Church
Pastor, Rev. w. E. Dunham
Sunday services:    The pnator
preach ut 11 a. in, and 7,30 p, i
Thc New Year will be Biiitably
served at each service.
Morning subject' "Llle ln Retrospect."
Evening sub.toct: "Our Nntlonul
Promise."
Tho evening service will ho un In-
torccsflory nnd patriotic service In
conformity with tho roquost of the
Govornmont of Cnnada nnd by Pro-
clamntlf n ol His Mnjcsty the King.
At this service, the battle hymn
sung hy tho British troops ou tho
cvo ol the Battle ol Waterloo, will
bo sun';, Dn.ilca of this hymn havo
been specially printed for the occasion,
All are Invited, '
Salvation Army Hall
Saturday, January 2nd, nn Interesting service nt i p, in. flilnilay ov-
cn'n* n (Impel sorvlco, Tuesdgy,
Thursilny nnd Saturday sorvlces opon
to all.   You are Invited.
('APT. and MRB. HIIBTI.Bn
♦ ,| I tll-l .| I Hl-H |. IN | frt-H. HI l|. llllll IH 11 WH
I
Professional   Carfcs
■anb-
£ob^e   notices
?hh ri-t-i i-trti if h i ii-i-i hi i ti 1111111 im 111!'
ANCIENT   ORDER   OF   FORESTERS
Court Cranbrook No. 8943.
Meet In   Maple   Hall,   on   2nd   and
Ith Thursday of each montb.
j.  Mcl.ACHI.UN,   O.R.
Louis Pearson, Soc, P.O. Boi HI.
Welting Brothers Cordially Welcomed
OVERSEAS   CLUB
(Oranbrook Branch)
Meets   In   Maple   Hall on the 2nd
aud 1th Tuesdays In every month, at
( p.m.   Membership open to British
Oltltsns.
E. Y. Brake, Pres.
W. J. Lower, Sec-Treas.
Box 247.
Visiting members cordially welcoms
CRANBROOK   LODGE   No.   34
A. P. * A. M.
Regular   meetings   on   ths
third   Thursday   ol   svsry
montb.
Visiting brethren wslcoms.
H.  Hickenbotham,  W.M.
J. Lee Cranston, Sec.
ROCKY   MOUNTAIN   CHAPTER
No. 125, R. A. M.
Regular meetings:—2nd Tuesday ln
lach month at sight o'clock.
Sojourning    Oompanlons   ars   cor-
iially invited.
Ex. Comp.—A. O. Shankland, Bl.
Cranbrook, B.O.
KNIGHTS   OF   PYTHIAS
Oranbrook, B.C.
Crsscsnt Lodge, No. II
Mssts svsry Tuesday at I p.m.
at Fraternity HaU.
A. Hurry, C. O.
E. HalsaU, K. of tt. A S.
E. A. HIU, M. F.
Visiting brethren cordlslly lnvltsd
to attend.
I0 0.F.,    KEY    CITY    LODGE
Uo. 41
Mests srsry Monday night
at Esw   Fraternity   HaU.
Sojourning Oddfsllows cordially Invited.
!. H. McPhee, S. h. Coop,
N. G. K. 8.
W. Harris, Sec'y.
PRIDE   OF   CRANBROOK
Circle No.   IU
Companion! ol tht Forest
Meets in Maple HaU, First and
Third Wednesday of each mOBth at
1:00 p.m., sharp.
Mrs. A. M. Laurie, C. 0
Mra. A. B. Bhaw, Bee.
Visiting   Companions  serdlally  wtl-
com*. >•«
CRANBROOK LODGE
No.    1041
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m..
in Royal Blaek
Knights' Hall on
linker Street,
W. Mntthhwa, dictator.
F. Carlson, llox 76C, Secretary.
The Craabrook  Poultry  and  Ptt
Stock Aitoolatlon
President—A. B. Smith.
Meett regularly on tht First Friday
svenlng ol sach month.
Information on Poultry matUrt
supplied.
Address ths Secretary—W. W. McGregor, Oranbrook.
Loyal Orange
Lodge No. 1871
Meets lit and
3rd Thuriday In
Royal Black
Knights ol Inland .mil at 8 p.m. tharp. Visitors
Vtlcomt.
R. S. Oarrett, W. M.
T.O.Horsmnn, Rcc, Sec.
Rox 292
Cranbrook Farmers' Institute
Pres.—A. B. Smith
8ec.-A,h. H. Wobb
Meetings   are   held on the Second
Saturday in the month nt 2 p.in, In
tbe  Old  Gyn minium.    All  Welcome.
Women's Institute
Meets in the Maple Hall Flrat
Tuesday atternoon In every month
at 3 p.m. The fancy work classes
meets on 3rd Friday evening ln tht
same place at 8 p. m.
Mrs. E. H. Leaman, President
Mrs.   J.  Shnw, Sec-Treas.
P. 0. Box 442.
All ladies cordially Invited.
KING EDWARD SCHOOL
Principal, Mist V, M. Cherrlngton
Evening classes 11 necessary.   Terms
on application.    Day   courses   are
more advisable.
Total Course, $36,00, covering   three
months' tuition.
Hight School course $3.50 per week.
School Course       $2.50 per week.
Kindergarten   $1.25 per week.
Private Classes by Arrangement
Drawing, Painting, etc., a
Specialty
Bookkeeping,    Stenography
Shorthand.
T.   T.   M c V I T T I E
P.L.I.  * 0.1.
CRANBROOK,    ...    B.O.
HARVEY, McCARTER, MACDONALD
and NISBET
Barristers. Solicitors and Notariw
Monty to Loan
Imperisl Bank Building
ORANBROOK,    -    British Oolumbla
LAIDLAW  .   DE   WOLF
Civil   ant  Mining B»gl«etrs—Britiah
Columbia Lasl Survtyon
P.O. Box 28$
CRANBROOK,
Phont III
...    B.O.
Dn.    KING    A    GREEN
Physicians and Burgsons
Offlct at Rtsldsucs,  Armstrong Am.
Ollict Hourt:—
Forenoons - - 1.00 to 10.00
Alternoont - • 1.00 to   4.00
Evenings 7.80 to   1.80
Bundayt • - - 1.10 to   I.M
Cranbrook, B.O.
F. M. MacPherson
UND1RTAKEB
Norbury Annus Nsst to City Hill
Opsu Dsy sud Nlgbt Pboas III
W. R.  BEATfY
Undertaker,
Kmbaliner,
Funeral Director,
CBANBROOK. B.C.
P.O. HOX (ISO
I'HONK 340
Cranbrook
Cottage Hospital
GARDEN AVE.
Matron:    Mrs. A. Salmon
Terms on Application
Phone 2S9
P. O. Box 84$
TIMBBR BALE! X 245
Scaled tenders will be received by
the Minister ol Lands not latsr than
noon on tbo 28tb dny ol September,
1914, lor the purchase ot 16,000 railway ties situated In the vicinity of
T. Ii, 32C60, nenr Kim Ira Oreek, Rast
Kontenay,
One year will be allowed lor the
removal of tbo timber.
Further particulars ol ths Chlel
Fortttsr, Victoria, B. O. at 4t n/
THE PROSPECTOR, CRANBROOK, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Cabinet Ministers' Meeting
"So long as a Dollar was left in the Provincial
Treasury No One should be Hungry"
The visit of Hon. W. J. Bowser
and Hon. W. R. Ross, two cabinet
ministers ol the Provincial legislative body, to Cranbrook will for a
long time remain in the memory of
those who heard them speak, if only
for one reason, and that was that
the Hon. W. J. Bowser said, "So
long as there remains but $1.00 in
the treasury of the Province not a
man in British Columbia seed go
without a bite to eat."
Mr. T. T. McVittie dl Fort Steele,
and president of tlic District Conservative association, occupied the
chair. In opening the meeting he
welcomed the guests to Cran'.roon
and trusted that their attendance
here would be productive of much
good.
Hon. W. R. Ross was then called
upon to address the meeting and in
rising expressed much pleasure in being present and assured the audience
that thMr trip through the Kootenays and the Boundary country was
Absolutely non-political. At the coast
they were informed that in this portion of the province the people were
Buffering great hardships and want.
He was pleased to hnd that It was
not eo bad as they were led to expect.
During their trip they had met
with much enthusiasm and whilst
they were also taking a review of
general conditions aB well bo that the
information received would stand
them good when working for other
interests of the future.
"Seeing us how I am more cloBely
connected with the Lands Department you will be most interested to
know what I have to say respecting
the wok of the Province which
cornea under that head.
BACK TO THE LAND.
Ihe "back to tha land" movement
was one that was confronting the
Dominion as a whole today. It was
a movement that was of vital interest and importance to this district
and in this the government, he said
was holding up its end in the matter and working consistently to the
hest advantage,
British Columbia with its total
area of 240,000,000 ncres was a large
province and within the province'
there was ample opportunity to get
back to the lund. Nearly all realized, he thought, the vast expanse of
land in the southern section of the
province, but there were but few
that realized what wealth lay in the
northern section. He and the attorney-general hud made a tour of the
Grand Trunk Pacific railway through
British Columbia and had visited the
Peace River country during tbe past
summer and when he had reached
that region he thought he was in
the far northern extremity of the
province. However, he had loo'ted at
a map and saw that he was hut in
the centre of the province and he
himself could hardly realize wbat expanse there was.
MUCH RESERVED POR PRE-
Of the area of the province 91,000,-
000 acres have been set aside or reserved for pre-emptors. This, stated
Mr. Ross, is land that cannot he purchased. To secure it citizens must
pay the usual $2 fee, (live on it and
carry out tho necessary regulations
to secure a sjown grant. It had
heen Bald of the government that it
had sold nil of the sold all of the
available land to speculators but this
was not the case. He was not championing tho eniise of the speculator
when he said that he believed that
the majority of the residents of the
province were speculators. He admitted that there were many who
were just conforming with the bare
tetter of the law in order to obtain
land but there wero many that were
not,
He touched on the large revenue
that was derived hy the province
from the sale of timber licenses and
stated that during the regime of the
McRride government ut Victoria there
hnd been'no change In tho principle
of tho Land net. There was dun nnd
owing to tlio government about $8,-
000,0000 or $9,000,000 as deferred payments nn Innd purchases and it had
born criticized for not taking those
purchasers by the throat and making
them pay. At tho last session of the
house legislation was pnssed providing for payments of th-se sums in
four instalments, tho first of which
became due this yenr, hut slnco war
has broken oit he did not know
whether or not much would accrue
from this source. However, If the
holders of these lands on which money wus due to tho govornmont did
not pny he, personally, would say let
them forfeit them to tho crown. Gav-
ernment policy did not stipulate this
but these were his personal feelings.
SURVEY MILLION ACRES
YEARLY.
Millions of dollars had been spent
hy his department, on tho survey of
lands u-nr railways and roads aid
r.,ooo,oflo acros had been surveyed ln
recent yonrs or nn average of 1,000,-
000 acres a year. Of these lnnds 2,-
400,000 acres were ready for the pre-
emptors.
He referred to the steady advance
there hnd boon each year, Including
the present year,  In tho numbor   of
nceB* of the Dominion there had
been a falling off in this respect. In
1910, 2,011 had taken up pre-emptions
in 1911, 2,455; in 1912, 3,055; in 1913,
3,855, and in 1914, 4,283, the present
year being tbe largest in the history
of British Colnnhia, fully 500,000
acres being taken up. Timber license
areas as they become logged oft are
thrown open to pre-emptors; 115,000
acres had been thrown open in this
milliner in 1913 and not one-half of
the land had been taken up.
BRISK POLICY OP DEVELOPMENT.
It hnd been felt by the government
he said, that the best way to provide for the populating of the province was by the policy which the government had heen following df railway extension and, as his audience
wns well aware, a brisk policy of
this nature was being carried on that
would have its resultant benefits.
Surveyors had been active throughout the province to assist in the
land-Populating movement and large
sums had been expended on this work
and on the work of road construction.
Colonization from the outside may
be the next policy that the government may have to resort to in order
to populate the province with productive settlers of the best clrss. No
steps had yet been taken in this connection but he felt that it was likely
that something would be done.
He touched on the report of the
agrictftural commission which had
advocated loans to farmers to clear,
irrigate, and drain their lands and he
said thit thiB report was receiving
serious consideration on the part of
the provincial government.
Mr. Ross believed that the actions
of thn government in dealing with
these matters showed tnat it waB
alive to the situation and that it
waa dealing with affairs judiciously
and to the best interests of tin future welfare of this great western
province,
In brief he referred to the New Zealand system of acquiring money at a
low rate of interest and loin'ng to
the (farmer sufficient for his needs
with but slight addition to allow for
administration. It was part of the
wisdom of the government to go
very slowly until a definite policy
was arrived at which was of a permanent nature, and his audience
could be well assured that when that
policy was arrived at it would be to
thc advantage of the people and be
of a permanent nature.
Brief mention was made to the lumber industry and to its import and
export trade. The department at Ottawa was Interesting itself very serl-
ot'ttly with the lnmiber industry of the
west. In this province the responsibility of the trade assumed great
proportions aB it is om of the mainstays of the province at the present
time, and the Provincial Government
were watching the interests very close
ly.
"It gives me great pleasure to once
more address a Cranbrook audience,
it ia almost like a trip home. I had
my origin In Cranbrook and 8tecle.
I remember when there waa barely a
building in this city, but now I am
astonished at its growth, permanent
<n character, and view the Fane as
the people's regard for the stability
of the city in which tbey live,"
address the audience referred to thel
absence of the local member, Mr. T.
HON. W. O. BOWSER.
"Hon. W. J. Bowser wnen called to
Caven, in terms of deep sympathy
on account of the Illness of bis mother and expressed the hope that she
would soon be restored to health
It gives me great pleasure to once
again address a Crnnbrook audience.
The last time I was in your city was
wben   travelling   with   Sir   Richard
ney expenditures owing to the war
uow being waged in Europe. Railway construction has practically
ceased, the lumber markets are closed and consequently the logging
camps are not operating, and the
men are crowdinb our centres which,
instead of lessening the needs of the
cities, only adds to the already too
large an amount of destitution.
"JuBt to show you what conditions
are at the coast let me instance the
strike area on Vancouver Island. We
are feeding through the police department 230 families, some of them with
five and six children, and we are also cloth:ng them. They have a regular biil-of-fare; it is not luxurious
but it is sufficient to keep them fed
and properly clothed.
"Vancouver is at the present time
looking after its own people but they
are in a difficult roaition by not bc-
in-r able to sell their debentures;
bonds are unsold in many cities in
the province. Many of these afe ahle-
hodled men; they do not way charity,
they want work. We hope that soon
conditions wi'l change as far as war
operations aro concerned and then
things will come back more or less
to their old stride.
"We have all been speculators to a
certain extent. That is part of the
western character, and the government perhaps in common? with the
people bas spent money tbat we
would now be glad to have.
"Everyone is doing their best to
combat the adverse conditions and
give all the assistance tbey can to
ef.eviate the suffering. The cities
must take care of those within their
jurisdiction (but in organized districts
the government is alone responsible.
If a case arose where a city could not
afford ths necessary relief then the
government would come to its aid
by purchasing some of the bonds at
present unsold and in that way
lieve the most urgent cases. It has
been s'trgested that the government
start up immense public works but
that again needs large sums.of money
which can only be obta'ned today at
enormous cost. But what I can say
is that so long as there remains but
$1.00 in the treasury tf the province
to Its credit not a man, woman
child need go without a bite to eat.
"This brings me to another question. We have heard a good deal of
discussion in regard to a moratorium. I have taken particular pains
to get returns from all the registrars throughout the province t0 see
how many writs h ive been issued
where it appeared that people were
trying to take advantage of those
who owed them money, particularly
in connection with land transactions;
you will be glad to know that there
have heen very few writs issued of
that sort. The loan companies have
been particularly good, we have tried
to point out through boards of trade
and similar bodies that this is,not a
time for people to take advantage of
their less fortunate brothers; as a result if mortgagees are getting their
interest they are satisfied. Thsre
have been some cases of men who, irrespective of the war altogether, had
loads that they could not possibly
have carried, and it is not Vair for
such a man to blame his c< n lition on
the war and the resulting depression.
But we have felt that it may be necessary to do something and I have
inquired into vhat the other provinces propose to do. Nova Scotia,
New Brun3Wick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec have decided not to
introduce any legislation of this
character; Ontario issued a statement pome time ago as a result of
very bad conditions—unemployment is
much worse in some other provinces
than here. In Toronto tbere are today 15,000 unemployed of the artisan
class, belonging to the unions, ln Chi
cago the papers are warning men to
keep away. In one of the rest-houses
in Chicago, where they furnish tee
beds the applicants Hast month were
ten times as number as in November
last year. Spokane is also Buffering.
In Seattle conditions are so bad that
men are going into restaurants   and
McBride hut thnt trip occupied   our | ordering a rneal and when* they have
eaten it dc4'ne to pay telling the
cmt-'hler to charge it to the city.
TO APPLY TO REAL ESTATE
"But tn Ontario the municlpa'lties
got together in a great conference
and among other measures of relief
they suggested to the government
that some legislation ulotu tho lines
of a moratorium ?hould ho introduced nnd tho govornmont stated last
September that surh legislation
would he introduced at tho coning
session, but they have not yet decided, notwithstanding this statement
whether It will be introduced or not.
In Manitoba they huve declared a
moratorium for six months from the
(lite of the outbreak of war. In Bns-
» atchewan a moratorim has been declared In favor of thane who havo
gone to the war. Iu Alberta thoy
have a morntoilm that applies to
I.oth principal and interest,. In t'.iis
province we hnve come to the con-
climlon that owing to the great investments made In rent OHtntn and
the unfortunate position iu which
mnny peoplo find themselves thnt It
will probably bo neCMWy to bring
down legislation applying to real estate transactions; wn do not want to
interfere  with'other contracts,     he-
time differently to this one. The present government ts of the belief that
much better administration can be
affected by Its ministers moving
about among tho people nnd
receiving any suggestions they may
havo to make than ait in state at
Victoria and disregard the people until election time comes round. You
have more respect for a director who
1 iiuws his business and knows what
oech man connected with that business Is doing and sees that It is
dono right than for a man who alta
in a chair In the office nnd lets oth-.
er peoplo run the machinery,
"Por thiB reason It is that we are
touring this part of the country, to
see for ourselves tbe actual conditions as they exist, to nteet the people, find out what they want, so thnt,
we may he able to formulate proper
legislation to nid their welfare and
assist in properly developing the rich
country In whleh wo have taken up
our homes.
"We intended to make this present
trip throigh tho Boun lary district
nnd thn Enst nnd Wost Kootenny
much curlier In the yonr but found It
Impossible to carry out our orlg nal
plans, and Ml in for a cold trip   In
stead of coming In the warmer period | cause that would have a   Horlous ef-
that would exist ln the earlier season. At tho present time we find
thnt tho whole country Is suffering
from    nnti rnl    depression   brought
pre-emptors settling on lands in Brit- about by various causes, but prlnci-
Jsh Columhla, while   in other   prov-  Pally through tho curtailment of mo
foet on the credit of the province
but In connection with real estate
contracts romo limited moratorium
will probnbly bo necessary, npnlylng
it may be to both principal and In
tened with foreclosure on a mortgage or agreement of sale he will
have the privilege of going to a
judge of the supreme court and in a
summary way, with very little expense, if he can show that he ia unable to pay either his principal or interest then it will be in the power of
the judge to give such relief and for
Biirh time as he thinks proper. This
legislation will contain a claiee that
it may be put into effect at any time
by proclamation of tbe govemor-in-
council; then if at any time we find
it iB absolutely necessary then we
can have it proclaimed. But we hope
that conditions will soon improve
and that the necessity for such legislation will pass away.
WAITING POR PRE-EMPTIONS
"Now, we are not making a political tour on this occasion; we arc
simply going through the country to
renew our acquaintance with the people and find out their wants and see
if we can Batisfy tbem to some extent in connection with our public
duties. Tbe Liberal papers at the
coast are in the habit every time
members of tbe government go out
into the province in this way to rnise
the cry that nn election iB about to
be brought on, and they start a
campaign of abuse and criticism of
the government. Anyone can do that,
in hard times especially, the government is fair game, people are depressed, financial conditions are not
what they should be, and so someone must be blamed and the moBt
obvious body is the government so it
comes in for more.than Its share or
abuse. We may deserve some criticism; we are not perfect, but we are
not entitled to all we are getting. In
some places I learn that the
Liberals have held meetings and
complained of the government keeping would-he settlers in Mr. Hunter's
riding out in the cold while they
waited for the time to get their applications for pre-emptions approved.
We had the same condition in Vnncouver, only there they stood inline
for fiO days. Now of course that is
not very pleasant in winter, but It is
the statute law of thiB province that
when land is thrown open for preemption we have to give GO days'
notice and if there are more people
wbo want locations than there are
locations for them they must get Into line before the reserve Is lifted
rnd wait their turn. Now this may
not be the best possible practise, but
at any rate, it is .ftn honest practise.
It is the way provided by statute and
perhaps the only other way we could
change it would be by having a lottery of some kind. This can be said
that the man who gets in line and
waits 60 days for an opportunity to
get a piece of land is no speculator,
wants it to make his'home on it.
If my friends the-Liberals can suggest any better policy we are wilC.in*;
to consider it, meanwhile though it
may have its defects it also hts its
virtures. It does away with any suggestion of favoritism, it not only
does away with thc suggestion that
tbe Liberals would be tha first to
make that some friend of the executive or the party got a tip or some
unfair advantage In getting tho choice
of locations.
AID TO AGRICULTURE.
"Then I come to the royal commission on agriculture. It is most
important that you shoud know the
tbe condition of affairs. Recently we
had a commission on agriculture wb0
went all oper this province and some
of, the members went to England,
Denmarkm Sweden and otber portions of Europe, and one went to
Australia and New Zealand to see
how the financial policy adopted there*
worked out. Rew Zealand had developed a ' policy that bas done much
in' developing her agricultural areas;
but New Zealand iB in a different position from BritlBh CJ.umbia. There
they have large areas of land that
were easily cleared. They started
their policy some years ago, they
took five years to elaborate their
policy. Here we have comparatively
nmall benches along'the river valleys
and great stretches of mountain between; they have not that condition
In New Zealand, tiny can operate on
a more extensive scale. New Zealand
alto was a self-governing colony of
the empire, and therefore stood better in the money market in London
thnn we, ns we are only one of the
provinces; the imperial government
knows Cnnada in tho same way as
New Zealand, British Co'umbia ls
not quite as mmh to tho front. Por
these' various reasons New Zealand
In developing her policy to aid the
farmers was able to borrow money
nt 3J per cent., they added 1 per
cent for administration and were aMe
to make lo Ms to farmers at 4i per
cent for 40 years. Now suppose our
government should como to the conclusion that it wns necessary to develop an agricultural policy which included Inaim to farmers, we must at
the mmo time also borrow money
to supply the fai'menj with nmdn tor
what Is the uso of putting a 'nrmer
on n pre-emption nml telling him tn
raise fruit and produce unless we give
him means to get bis produce to tho
rnilwny station. Ho thut might
mean borrowing for that purpose aH
well as for the (farmer. Wo ennnot
borrow money now under any Consideration—Inst session wo were nutln
orlzed to borrow Un million dollars,
wo succeeded In placing $7,500,000 on
what we considered sntln'aetory
terms nnd wo did not think It good
Monthly Council Meeting
Deputations wait on Gouncil from the Farmers'
Institute and the Loyal Orange Lodge
(Continued from Pnge One.)
under this section.
Section 164 tf the last act reals
* follows: "Notwithstanding an/
law to the contrary, a Municipal
Council shall not hive the power to
grant to any person or corporation
any particular privilege or immunity
or exemption from the ordinary jurisdiction of the corporation, or to
grant t-ny charter hestowin'; a right,
franchise or privilege, or give nny
bonus or exemption from any tax,
rate or rent, or remitany tax or
rate levied, or rent chargeable, unless the same is embodied in a bylaw, which before the final passagi
thereof, has been submitted to thc
electors of the municipality whn are
entitled to vote upon a bylaw to
contrnct a deht, and which has received the assent of not less thnn
three-fifths in number of the electors
who shall vote upon such bylaw. An-
such bylaw which does not receive
the assent of tho electors as afnrc-
snid shall not be valid."
Section 160 eff the Municirnl Act
gives the Council authority to grant
aid for certain purposes simply by a
resolution of the council, but th-re
is nothing in this sectionHhat would
cover Rov. Mr. Dunham's institution.
The institutions thnt are covered 'are
hospitals, libraries, agriciftural end
horticultiral societies, mechanics in
stitutes, etc. The nnlyvpnrt of. th"s
section that you could try to brng
this club under, and it wo'id require
a wild stretch of imngTnnticn to dn
It, would be to class it as a charitable institution. One clause rays,
'The Council may, by resolution,
grant a:d to rhiritab'e Institutions
and for the relief of the poor.' Po
according to our Interpretation of the
act the council would be exceeding
its rowers in making a grant to thi;
Young Men's Club.
Municipal councils throughout thc
province have been exceeding their
power in this respect, nnd steps arc
being taken In Vancouver at the present time to compel the mayor anil
aldermen to pay bnck out of their
own pockets any amounts thut bave
bcen grnnted illegally. Tbe report of
ratepayers' meeting as given In the
News-Advertiser of December 4, 1914,
will give youi an idea of how th?
ratepayers of Vancouver feel about
the matter.
Section 54, Sub-section 216 cannot
be interpreted to apply t0 the Young
Men's Club, either. Ths section
reads as follows: "In every munici
pnlity the council may from time to
time make, alter and repeal by-laws
for any of the following purposes, ur
in relation to matters coming within
the classes of subjects next hereinaf
ter mentioned, thit is to Bay 'For
exempting from taxation any piece nr
parcel 0f land or building within thfl
limits of any municipality used by
an athletic club or association
cltisively   as  a   park   or    recreation
ground or for ath'etic purposes, and
owned by such club or association.'
TMh club is not used exclusively for
athletic purposes. Who own th>
blading and ground in question? The] made between the old and new
tereat, so that if nny mnn-fh* thrca-11'Ollejf to place tho rent at a  sacrl
lice. At present we could not borrow at all; if later on we wish to
borrow we shall not be able to get
it nt any such rate as New Zealand
did, we would have to pay 8 per
cent perhaps, which would mean
charging the farmer nine per cent.
Now what farmer in this country
could pay that? It would not be a
help to him, It wo ild be a bin
drunce. So you see it Ib essential to
wait until financial conditions are re
adjusted before we can attempt to
carry out a policy 0I loanB t0 farmers.
"We cf course hear a great number
of suggestions from all sorts oi people telling the go/eminent exactly
wbat it 'Should do to put men back
on the land. They seem to th n.
this depression is due to men n >t being on the land. They forget all
about their own speculation *. un ■
thing that is noticeable is that.it Is
always the other man that they want
to put on the land, they do not want
to go themselves.
"I think you will all agree when
this legislation Is tjrtKi ht down in
connection with the reports of the
agricultural commission, and is laid
over for a year so that all the pro. le
have an opportunity to exam ne and
consider it and get the views nf men
who have made a success of its oper*
atlon. I th n't you will all agree
that while we may be disappointed
ht not having this legislation tn effect at tbo present time it It better
to wait until conditions, become better nnd until we cnii borrow   mon-v
to better advantage,"
He took tbe opportunity of con
gratulntlng thc province upon Its
present condition; British Co'.umbta
is better today tlrm any ohr
province in Of nnd i. Hfl referred
briefly to the ree nt .hit nf Mir
Richard Mcllrlde tn Kn '.land anl
bow In lh'' five days he Spent in tbat
country ho visited The King and
QllOen,      Prime  Minster     and otlrr
mom hers of the Cabinet, how be ado
had a splendid opportunity of putting
before tbe financiers Of Lond n the
tremendous possibilities that lay before the province, alio durln; hln
visit be found time to ti».c n look
at Salisbury Plains and greet and bo
greeted by the men from 11, 0, wh'
are In the first contingent H.-nt aO.OM
tbe water.
city clerk advises us that the
of the property in question are
trustees of the Methodist church;
therefore subsection 216 cannot be
ta.u n ad\antage dl because it distinctly says t h it thc land or ground
must be owned by the club or association.
However, in our opin'on, even if
tbe ground and building are owned
by the athletic club, the council
could not grant exemption under suu-
section 216, section 54, without tirst
submitting a bylaw to the ratepayers. Sub-section 216 of Sect on 54,
nnd Section 164 of the Act must be
read together, and Seotli n 164 says,
Notwithstanding any law to the
contrary, a Municipal Council h1ih.11
not have tha authority, etc."
So, as we see it, the council bus
j power to even mnke a grant to
the Young Men's Club, and A' they do
make ons, without tlrst submitting a
bylaw to the people and having it
approved by a three-fifths vote,- the
Mayor and Aldermen are PaMe, on
the suit of any ratepayer, to be Compelled to pay back the amount granted, out of their own pockets,
We would therefore again request
that neither exemption or a grnnt
bo given, and that i' you should feel
lisposcd to grant nnv concession to
the Young Men's Club, to firBt BUb-
mit the question to the ratepayers in
the form of a by-law!
Respectfully submitted,
(•Signed on   beba'ff of Cranbrook,  Ij.
0. L. No. 1871.)
R. S. GARRET* ff, M.
T. 0. HORSMAN,  Sec.
W. HAROLD BROWN, P. M.
In addition,'to this a  petition had
been circulated In th" city   nnd   out
of   70   ratepayers   asked    to   attach
their «^ signatures   67   signed and  expressed themselves ns be ng   in   full
accord with the purpose of tbe petition.    The   headiig    of the   petition
r.ad as follows:
Crrnbrook, December 28.
To His Worship tha Mayor and Aldermen of tho City of Oranbrook,
Gentlemen:
UnlerBtnndlng that Rev. Mr. Dunham has appeared before you request-
ng   that   thi Young Men's Club   be
exempted from.taxation, wc, the undersigned ratepayers, take this means
of advising you tint  It is our belief
that before any exemption be   given,
or before   any  grnnt   be made,   the
matter fhould first be submitted   to
the ratepayers:
(Signd by 67 ratepayers.)
Out of 70 ratepayers canvassed for
their signature 67 were fully   in   accord with the purposed of the   petition.
It was contended by several aldermen that the matter was alrendy
closed so far as they were concerned
and they did not see what the petition was for or what purpose It
would serve. It wns then pointed
out by Mr. Garrett tint on the min-
ites it said that "tin- matter was
laid over for further consideration,"
nd he presumed that it would be
discussed at tonight's meeting under
tho heading of uri'lnit-hed business.
Ho would respectfully' suggest that
the council pass a motion In favor
if or a.n'n^t making any grant.
After much discussion Aldermen
Cam-*>he!l and Horie moved nnd seconded that before any eimptlon of
taxes fo.- the Young Men's Club was
grantfd the same woltd be laid hefore the ratepayers—carried,
The minutes of the several meetings held during the n on'.h were
read and on motion of Aldermen
Campbell and Horie adopted.
Thc   finance   committee then    presented    accounts    amounting to  13,-
1.18   and for   the Water Debenture
account $4856.09 which were   ordered
to be paid.
The report for the month of No
•ember was thn received from the
city Engineer, J, c. Qlenda7, wbo
reported that there waB at present
LOS lbs. of pressure on the new water service, nbout th' highest tba' has
ever been attn tied by the wnt it system at any prev'ous time In Cranbrook.
Mr. Glenday'I report re.ids ns foi-
ows:
To th- Mayor Hml Aldermen,
Crnnbrook, 11. C.
Gentlemen,—1 have pleastra in submitting for your consideration progress report of work carried out by
tin City Kim iicct'.. |)A|aitm<nt for
month end in; November .loth, vm,
PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT
Streets -Culverts    were   placed   on
Kdwaidti street at Hun-*, Armstrong
nud iiH-wfdi avenues, end nn   Knlm
street  ,tt, »lnrhiiry  Mveuue.
Cinder crosiln « wore mode, duflng
the montb, on Bdwards sireet, Louis
atreet „nd linker Htreet.
Sidewalks Sidewalk repairs were
inndi* dur ni; th1 month by the prlB
oners.
WATER WORKS DEPARTMENT
Wn'er Debenture  Account.
Services --H7 service COnHOCtloht
were made during the month, in the
gravel portion, part t,t linker street
was done an also were Norbury and
Armstrong avenues.
Servlcet on Fenwick avenue between Edwards street and Kain* wero
lowered and connected up with the
new main and three houses on the
old C.P.R. pipe were connected up
to the new steel main.
Hydrants—Nine hydrants were taken off the old system and turned ov- I
er to the contractors to be installed |
« n the new steel pipe system.
Mains—A     cross    connection      was I
sys- |
wnersj tems at the junction-of Edwards and
tbelYai Horne streets.     Connection    be- I
tween th5 old and ne_w systems   was |
also made on French avenue to supply water consumers tt' ing water off I
main on Kains street between French |
ad Dewar,
Trenches   in   gravel portion    were|
trimmed up anil rocks hauled off.
SEWERAGE DEPARTMENT.
Djs osal    Works—Trays    over   Primary  Filter   at the disposal    works I
were   cleaned   off   twice during    the
it onth    nnd    works    were   generally j
maintained,
J-, C. GLENDAY,
City Eng'neet
\ Mermen    Campbell     and   Genest
moved and seennded that the action
f the b -nlth and relief committee in
il n.t n - $20.00 relief be confirmed*,
On motion    of Aldermen   Campbell j
nd   Horie it  was ordered   thit    Dr.
Heirs salary for the month of Aug- |
list amounting to $25.00 be paid.
Mope.-i   by   Aldermen   Genest    and I
I.rask th-it estimates be obtained for
publishing the wood  measuring   and
weighing bylaw and making the styne
up into booklets for distribution   to f
Interested parties.
Aldermen Horie and Genest moved I
tbat the action of the grant to the |
volunteers bo confirmed.
Meeting adjourned.
Corporation of the City |
of Cranbrook
PUBLIC NOTICE IS HEREBY |
GIVEN to the electors of the Municipality" of the Corporation ol the
City of Cranbrook that I require the
uresence nf the said electors at the
Municipal Offices, Norbury Avenue, ln
the City of Crnnbrook aforesaid on
the llth dny of Jsnuary, 1915, at 12
o'clock noon (1 o'clock p. m. local
time) for the purpose of electing per-
ons to represent them in the Municipal Council as Mayor and Aldermen and to represent them on the I
Bonrd of School Trustees as Trus- |
tees.
The mode of nomination of candl- |
dates shall bc as follows: The Candidates sla'l ho nominated in writing, tho writing shall be subscribed
by two voters of the Municipality as
proposer and seconder and snail
delivered to the Returning Officer at |
any time between the dnte of the r
tice and 2 p. m. (3 o'clock local
time) on the day of nomination; tbe
said writing may be in form S in the
schedule of Chapter 7| of thc Municipal Election Act und shnll stnte the |
names, residence, nnd occupation or
description of each person proposed,
in sucn manner as sufficiently to identify such candidate; and in the event
of n poll being necessary, such poll
will be opened on the Uth day of
January, 1916, at the Municipal Offices, Norbury Avenue, Crnnbrook,
B. C, of which every person Is here- j
by rehired to take notice nnd gov- |
eru themselves accordingly.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR MAYOR
Tbe personB qualified to be nominated for and elected as thc Mayor of I
any City bhall be any person wbo is J
a male British subject of the full age
of 21  years,    not   disqualified  under
auy law, and   has bcen for tbe   six
months   next    preceding the d/iy   of
nomination been the registered owner    in    the Land Registry Office,   of I
land or real property in the City of |
tbe assessed value, on the last Municipal    Assessment    Roll of $1000   or I
more nnd above «ny Registered Judg- |
mint or rhirge,    anl who is   otherwise   duly   qualified ub a Municipal |
\oter.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR ALDERMEN
The persons qualified-to be nomin- I
ated for and elected as the Aldermen [
of any City t-lnll be any person who I
is a male  British subject of the   full |
age of 21 years, not disqualified under any law, nnd has for six months
next preceding the day of nomination
been   the   registered   owner,   In the
Land Registry OnTce, 0f land or real
property  In the City of the assessed
vnlue,  on  the last Municipal  Assessment Roll nf $,ri00 or more over and
nbove  nny   Registered   Judgment
charge,   and    whn 1* otherwise   duly
qualified as a  Municipal Voter.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR
SCHOOL TRUSTEES j
The pith. ii. qualified to be nominated for and Blected uh School Trm*
it-i-H  of  any   Bchool   District  shall   be
a Hritisb subject  nf the full age ... |
'il   yean,  actually  residing  within the
District und having been for the nl« j
months neit  preceding the date   of j
i oiiinntlon  the registered owner,
llie Land  Roglitry Otlice,  of land or |
real property in the City School District of the nSSMSed vnlue,    on   thn
1 in i   Muulcli nl   AsHcHHinent   Roll,    of
J Wdl or   ii.nre   nver   nnd above   ony
I Registered Judgment or charge,  and
i being otherwise qualified to vote at
| nn election of School Trustees.
1   tliven under my hand al CrnnttrooV,
ll.C,, this Hth dny of December. 1914.
T. M. HORHRTS,
| Returning Offlcec THE PROSPECTOR. CRANBROOK, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Interesting Items
Calendars ure now being given a-
way which would look simply magnificent if framed—Remember Kilby is
Framing  Pictures—Business as  usual
Mrs. Beech returned last week after
a two weeks stay in  Calgary.
LOST—On  Monday   morning   a   gold
chain.     Reward  at Prospector   office. 'It
Masquerade in the Open Air Rink,
January Sth. Forty per cent of gate
receipts will be divided In prizes.
Dr. and Mrs. J, H. King will beat
home to nil their friends on New
Year's Day from 4 to t. in the after-
nocn and from s to 10 in tha even-
KILBY     FRAMES     PICTURES
The regular monthly meeting of the
Methodist Church Ladies Aid Society
will be held at the, home of Mrs. H.
A. McKowan Wednesday a'ternoon,
Jnnunry Oth, at 2 p.  m.
Misses M. and J. EUlott of the
Fernie Public Schoal staff are spend-
in r the Christmns holidays in the
city, the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J,
E,  Beaton.
Do not forget the meeting of the
Farmers' Institute on Saturday aT-
ternoon .January 9th, at 2 p, m., in
the City Hall. Business nf Importance is to be considered.
A writ was served m Oeorire Leask
on Thuraday. Mr. A. A. Johnson,
has entered action against him on a
charge of slander. The amount of
damages  claimed   he.'ng  .$25,000.Ofl
LOST—The fo*lowing cows wandered
to my place, one roan cow, one red
cow, owner can get same by paying
for this advertisement and the expense of feed while in my care. F.
Murphy, Gateway, B.  C.
The Government weather report for
a part of December gives out that
from the 10th to the 2Srd of December the thermometer was below zero;
the lowest recorded wns on the 16th
when the mercury dropped to 18 degrees below zero.
KILBY     FRAMES     PICTURES
There were 102 meals served at the
Craabrook  Meat   Market
PHONE     0ur   Meati  are  all   fresh  killed   and     PHONE
^^ of thc finest quality ^>
C5 BUSINESS AS  USUAL CJ
Police soW? kitchen Inst week. This1
total is u little larger than usual nnd I
it is to be sincerely hoped that mens- i
tires will fo;>n be taken to somewhat j
relieve the distress now being suffered.
During the year 1914 th? vital sta-!
tistics record a dropping oil in the I
number of births, marriages and |
deaths ns compared with 1918. Dur-1
ing the year 1913 the births re^is-
tered were 159, marriages Gl, and
deaths 84. During the present year
the births recorded were 164, mar-'
riages ir,, and deaths to.
The   Baptist Church    children   and
parents    held a  very  interesting   so- ,
cal   on Wednesday llaBt.    The   even-j
Ing wns taken up  with class   drills,
exercises,  songs,   recitations,   etc.,    a '
large attendance being present.   Can- j
dies  to  the children  were distributed
at   the    close und many    a    child's}
Christmns made much sweeter in con-
se.juence.
Installation of officers took place
at the meeting of OrsnbrooS Orange
Lodge Thursday even n ■. and speech-
e-i were then made by the new officers, nfter which refreshments were
served. At this meeting R. S. Gar-
tett who was re-elected to the Worship Muster's chair was appo nted as
a delegate to the meeting of the
Provincial Grand Lodge at ChlUl-
wacfc in February.
KILBY     FBAHE8     PICTURES
The pupils of Kn >x Sunday ecfc o'.
denied themselves this year ol the
usual Christmas tree and instead
gave on Wednesday a-. enterta;nment
in aid uf th? Budget Fund of the
church. The church was beattifully
decorated with Rags, bunting and
Chinese lanterns. The ch Idren were
greeted by a large audience, and proved to be splendid entertainers.
The Salvation Army Christinas entertainment was a big succes. A
very interestin,' evening was enjoyed
by those present.   A most Interesting
iilili ItliilSPiilSlilliaililfiipglPiiiipwjppiiiis
■   . m
■
i
I
| Corporation of the City®
'of Cranbrook
a
SQ
m
m
m
Li)
I
i
i
PUBLIC   NOTICE
At the request of the Farmer's Institute
a   Public   Meeting   of   the   Citizens  is
hereby called for
Monday, January 4th, 1915
at 8 p.m. in the Council
Chambers
to consider the
Market Question.
S SIMON   TAYLOR,   Mayor ■
li 5
m m m os «i m m mi m i«i * to wm m to to «i b: m m to ■■; si* * s p: :■:«i a"
®HHBHgHliaHr«H'«1SMg®gBaaBa assises!
i a
■ LIBBY'S   CHOICE ;
• Sliced Pineapples!
a
a
30c
30cf
John Manning _   - — w
ES ■
fciSi";il *}*]*■*, m. *******   ■ ■ a «.■ ■ m * * « ■ JSa.E*
program Ind been arranged together
with Santa Clause who dispensed the
good things to the children during
the evening. Miss Stevens by her
recitations and songs and Mrs. J. F.
Smith by her reading added muc>
vim to the evening. Mrs. Simpson
also was good with the guitar; drills
and recitations were given by the
Army Juniors. At the close Captain
Hustler returned thnn'vs tor the valuable assistance given by the frien ls
and to tbose who donatid the toys
nnd candy, also to thc W.C.T.U. tor
the  dainties  tbey   gave.
[KILBY     FRAMES     PICTURES
By n proclamation published in the
Cnnada (Jazette the Privy Council
have thought fit, believing it to be
iittiiiL,' that the people should lie enabled to make a public and solemn
avowal   nf duty   to Almighty   Qod
and of the need of guidance, to appoint Sunday next, 3rd January, to
be a day uf humble prayer and Intercession to Umighty Qod on behalf
of tho causa, undertaken by our (Umpire and our allies and of those who
aro offering their lives for it, and for
n speedy and favorable peace tbnt
shall be founded on undiratandlng
and not hatred, to the end that peace
Bhall endure. The Invitation la extended to the people throughout Cannda to set this day apart [or this
purpose. In the local churches the
several ministers are specially preparing services to accord with tbe
wish ol King Oeorge the Fifth and
his advisers. No doubt the churches
will be fui! 0f worshippers and tbe
services will be interesting In that
they are unique in the annals of history.
ff.  ff.  KILBY
ARMSTRONG AVENUE
PRACTICAL     PICTURE     FHAMER
P. O. Box 802 Cranbrook, B.C.
Colonial Possessions
GREAT   NATIONS  AT  WAR.
GREAT BRITAIN.
Gibraltar—At the enrance to thc
Mediterranean Sea; area, two B.jiiare
miles;  military  force, 2,5.*>7.
Malta—In the Mediterranean Sea;
urea 117 snilnre miles; military
strrn;th 7,647.
Cyprus-Island in the Mediterranean, fiO trite* from the coast of Asia
Minor; area, 4,584 aiuarc miles; military strength, 121 men.
Empire of India—Area, 1,800,000
square miles; population 295,000,000;
military strength, British troops 75,-
897, native troops 163,83c,. with 35,-
700 reservists.
Ceylon—OIT the southeast coast of
India; area, 25,330 sciuarc miles; military strength, 1,282 men.
Maldive Islands—In the Indian
Ocean, 400 miles southwest ot India; area, 115 square miles; population, 50,000; a group of 12 coral
islets.
Federated Malay States—Malay
Peninsula; area, 28,000 square miles;
Population, 678,000; military strength
AM natives, under 11 European officers; alBo a native constabulary.
Borneo-In the East Indies area,
76,000 square miles; population, 550,-
000.
Hongkong—East Const of China;
area, 400 square miles; population,
400,000; military strength, 4,270.
Wei-Hnl-Wei—Province of Shan-
tinr, China; area, 285 square miles;
population, 150,000. Not far from
the German possession of Kalu
Chau.
Bahrein—Aval Islands, in thc Persian Gulf, near thc coast of Arabia,
area, 230 square miles; population
68,00(1.
Straits Settlements — Singapore,
on the strait of Malacca; area, 1,-
580 square miles; population, 572,000;
military strength, 2,504.
I'nltm of South Africa — Comprising C'aj.c of Good Hope, Natal, thc
Transvaal nntl Orange River Crlony;
arts. 473 sqrare miles; population,
6,000,000; military strength, British
Imperial troops. 6,800, and local organization.
Other British possessions in Africa
—British Enst Africa with an area
of 275,000 square miles, and population of 5,000,000, Is left almost wholly to the natives for defence. The
same is true of British Central Africa, Somaliland, Zanzibar, Basuto-
land, the territory of Bechuanas,
Rhodesia, Nigeria, tho Go'd CoaBt,
Lagos, Sierra Leone and Gambia.
| In the Indinn Ocean — Scattcrod
' British possessions or protectorates
are St. Helena, Ascension, Tristan
d'Acunha, Mauritns, the Hcychelle
Chagos and otber Islands and the »b-
lands of St. Paul nn.l Amsterdam.
All told these islands have a population of nbout 400,000, but their military strength Ih practically negligible,
British colonies in Nortli America
—Canada, with nn men ol 8,600,000
square miles, population 8,000,000,
has a military strength of permanent
and reserve forces amounting to
aliout loo.ooo men. Newfoundland
nnd Labrador have an area of 50.000
square' miles and a population of
200,000. Off the coast ol Florida are
the Bermuda Islands, with nn area
Of 20 square miles and a population
iif 17,000. whose military strength is
given ns 1,340.
In the West Indies 'British posses
sions comprise .lamaien, Turks and
Oattooa islands, the Cayman Islands,
the Windward Islands, the Leeward
Islands, Trln'dad end Tobago, wl h
a total area of 18,000 square miles.
end n population of about 1,600,000.
of these the most Important Is Jamaica, with a military strength of
1.064. and wl'li strong fortifications
at Port Royal.
ln Central and South America-
British Honduras and British Gula-
|na, the former with nn area of 7,562
square miles and a population ot
37,500. end tbe latter with an area
of 76,000 and n population of 300,-
000.
In the Pacitic Ocean-The Commonwealth 0f Australia, ro uprising
New South WaleB. Victoria. Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania, with a total
area of about 3,000,000 a mare miles
and a nopulation of nbout 5,000,000.
| The principal ports are protected by
fortifications and the military forceB
i of the Commonwealth show a total
ot 174,000 men. Sydney Ib a first-
class navp.1' station nnd the hcad-
uuarters ot the British fleet in Australia!
Pacific Islands of lesser importance
are the Fiji groups, British New Gui-
|nni, the Tonga Islands, Fanning,
Fhoenii, the Gilberts. Ellice, the
Solomons, Pitcairn and Ducie.
GERMAN COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES.
Kal-Chtu — (Ssing-Tnu) — On the
cast coast of the province of Shantung; area 200 square mil-s; garrison
of 3,125, composed of German marines and Chinese so'dlers. Population 168,900.
Togo—On west coast of Africa,
between the Grtd Coast (British) and
Dahomey; white population 368, native 1,030,000; military force small.
Kamerun — West coist of Africa,
between Nigera (French) and the
French Congo. Area 191,000 square
miles; white population 1,870; native
2,060,000.
German Houthweat Africa. — Between British EaBt Africa on the
North nnd Portuguese East Africa
on the south; area, 384,000 square
miles, white population 14,850, native population 7,645,000.
In the Pacilic Ocean—Germany has
as its colonies or dependencies, Kaiser Wllheltn's Land, the Bismarck
Group, the Caroline, thc Pelew, the
Marianne, the Solomon and the
Marshall Islands, and among the
Samoan group, the Islands of Savaii and Upolu. Hcr total Pacific
io.-sessions have an area of 96,000
square miles, a white population of
1,984 and 634,000 natives.
HOW CHILDREN GROW
Children   rtow by  nourishment—not
overloaded stomachs or rich foods but
Sualitirs that are readily converted Into
fe*KUfttfiiniu||r blood; too often their
digestive fiowcr* Cannot procure these
qualities from orrliiinry foods which results
in weakliest, (lulltU'Kti mid sickness.
If your children nre uuder-uhe, underweight, catch cold easily, nre languid,
bnckward, pale or frail, give them Scott's
KiuulHion which is pure medicinal nourishment. It fihnrfcna the appetite, builds I
healthy flesh, firm muscles nnd active
brains. Scon's in growing-food for
children.   Refuse alcoholic substitutes.    !
I
Dancing Fascination
To take notice of thnt outcry
against the dances th it have fascinated men and women of today would
be to suppose that the world had
suddenly become dancing mad. And
yet thi.* soulptor and the painter hnve
for centuries caught and Imprisoned
for later generations to admire the
haunting beauty of tho 'fair attitudes, tbe ihytbuic grace, nnd the
spirited action of dancing figures.
According to a contributor to a
contemporary the present, ebullition
of tbe dancing spirit (Harks one ol
tbose high tides thut, in an eternal
action and react lou, arc noticeable
at Intervals of groat er or loss kn^tb,
Danolug, always suggestive of
yoUth, in (tne of the Oldest aft. Traces have been found of Us existence In
tigypt more than twenty-live hundred
years before Christ. Uke many of
thn n»'ts, It found its highest expression in tlic golden dars t.f (ii.cve.
PrtoftOB and urns, [ragmen1 h of temples and otber odlflcofl, lic.tr witness
of the wonderful beauty o( the dance
Of those days, and bnve served to
teach the painters, poofs and BCtllp-
tors of succeeding ayes. The world
has never entirely forgotten thit ian
gunge which so divinely governed all
bodily movements, regulating thmi
by rhythn. Still men nre stirred
even by the painted preucntatlon of
of tbe radiant choir dl muses, led by
Terplseboro, tho ch'istr> graces milling with forest nymphs in rounds
l'nder tbe pale light of the moon,
and bands of maidens crooned with
i ak leaves and garlpnled with flowers, dnncing in honor of Ian, Apollo
and  Dinana.
Corrupted bv its interpretation by
the Romans it never really came Into its own again until the days of
chivalry aroused in France. With the
other nrts it flourished under touts
XIV., especially during the early
diys of his reign, when the Academy
of Dnncin? wns founded.
Under Louis XIV. nnd To*i_ XVI.
the minuet nnd gavette were introduced end the dainty grace and elegance of tha eighteenth century developed. Then came the dire dnys of
the revolution, nnd donCn-* as an expression of gafetv fell bv th* wave'de
again until about 1830 when there
was a great revival ot Ub popularity.
When the polVa came in fourteen
years later there was another revival. The new dance invaded dancing
saloons, drawing-rooms, shops and
even the Btreets. Markowski brought
In tbe mazurka, created the Bctnt-
tische, Siclllienne, and Quadrille of a
Hundred Guards, and Dancing went
on from dirk until dawn. At the
magnificent court balls persons braved suffocation for the sake of the
dnnce.
One need not think, however, that
it was only in glad, blithe, careless
timeB tbat the populace was given
over to madness in dincfn*. The hor-
rorB of the French revolution were
hardy at an end when twenty-three
theatres and eighteen hundred dancing saloons were opened every evening. Mercier tells of "Victim Balls"
to wh!ch were admitted only those
who had lost a member of the Imme-
dinte family, and they were crowded.
Donelng was universal at the Carmelites betwem massacres ln ruined
churches nnd on thc BtoneB of tnmlw
not yet destroyed. They danced tn
overy tavern on the Boulevard or
along the Champs Fllysne8 and along
the quavB.
Theso horrors, Indulged In for 'or-
getfulnesa, were not the kind of danc-
Ine that Watteau, Bomber, Lannret,
Lntour nud Dehrecnnrt had portrayed—thc dnne'n? of lords nnd ladles,
of gay peasants and nil th" poetry of
the dance.   That is epoch by ltaelf.
All Spain Is stirred bv the strains
of Ub ponii.'nr d-mces,' snd in addition to the nntlonnl ones each province has Its own popular dance, It
ifl more thin a social function, It Is
a dramatic production and an expression nf temperament. In n roundabout Way America h'»s drawn Upon
Spain for Bomrth'm; of ItB spirited
and significant danrln". Perhins he-
pause It wns oHglnatfd by persons i
so temperamentally different what
had h"cn merely a natural response ,
to accented cadeneen at times took
on a form and spirit which wero
marks nf degeneracy.
Cranbrook  Meat  Market
Straight offer to Local Men
We will pay Cash [or all Live Btnck, must be strictly No. 1 Quality. Our Prices "Wen are Irom One
to Three cents higher thnn outside quotations. Stop
your klc'iinR a;a!nst locnl men. Bring in your live
Btock antl get the cash.
ASK FOR
FIVE ROSES.
The World's Best
Send/or Five Roses
Don't toFff! lo fnttm T«l C
name er malm -
Cook Book—
BEING A MANUAL OF COOD RECIPES cmfJr
dioKn Iron the contribution* of over two thousand
■uccruful umi* of Five Rom* Flour throughout Cwtadt.
AIm Uielul Nota on (ht varioui ctauet of food thingf
to eat, ill of which hive been carefully checked end
te<hecked by competent authority.
UStuitm tailow ti UKE Of THE W0M5 WM CO. UjHjj wWKt
Cranbrook   Jobbers.   Litd.
DISTRIBUTORS,   ORANBRCOK
Expert Piano Tuning
Alvin K. Perkins ol Vancouver, B.
0., prolesslonal piano a>"l organ tun-
with highest possihle recommendations Irom IlninUmon & Co., Goir-
lay Piano Co., Munis Piano Co.,
Morris Pirno Co., dominion piano
ami Organ Oo,, Newcomhc nnd Co.,
Gerhard Hcntzmnn Houso, with 'in
years oxperienOD. This guarantees tha
lluest wnrkniiilHhip.
"Tuning n pinno is not n trilling
liirco a( Work II y„n have regard (or
your piano and lasting satisfaction.
Wc positively recommend the hest experienced men only, HelnUman &
Co."
Mr. Perkins wlll ho in CrnnhrooK
early In Jnnunry and will make hla
regular calls.
NOTICE.
Land Registry Act
IN THK MATTEK OF AN APPLI-
cation for tho issue ol a duplicate
Certillcate of Title to Lot 23, Block
31, Ornnbrook City, Map CC9B.
NOTICE IH HEKEIIV OIVBN that
It is my Intention to Issuo at the expiration u( one month alter the Ilrst
publication hereof „ duplicate 0I tho
Certillcate of Title to the Above mentioned dot In the nnmo-of Jamea
Smith, which Certillcate ia dated the
iiiii day of April, 1905, nnd numbered M7HA.
fMMIIEL n. ROB,
Dlatrlct Registrar.
Nelson. B. C.,
Dec. 17, 1914, IMt
'to totoi toto to a to ■ .«.«.««. > ■ > a; a, a ■ a a a > a > . ■ a . a a a: a, a > la; to ia] to IIH M Bi a, (a, [a] [a, [a] [■) 1 [a] K (a. [*] |aj [aj (a| a| [R] ;Bj    [«| [a] |a; a) | |a [a] IB H B H M H M to toi to IIM (a] [« HI Bl [a! [al [a! (I H [■] M H M H H to to to, to to to to to H BMMM PI
to
toi
to
to
iii
to
m
to
Economic   Meat   Market
Phone 129
W.   B.   BLACK,   proprietor
Our Meats are all Fresh   just the right kind for the New Year table
Wc have been busier than ever this week because our prices are reasonable and the meat of the best.
Phone 129
Armstrong Avenue,opposite Imperial Hotel
il
Bl
Bl
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-to.*.:*!*, *,to n.MM'm,,;. \, fifrwtototototo^ WlllliBH'»S8BBMBHit»WWBlWWI»)WWWWHHaH«Hft»l m
4

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