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The Review Jun 10, 1915

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Array cP
Can nut be dime any 1 etter,   antl {
not nuite no   well anywhere  elne |
hereabouts.   Our type ami nmcliin- I
ery la  complete and The  Review |
price* ire right f
,*************���*** **************+**********���,**
Classified Ads.
Make your littli' Wants known
through a Claanlieil Ailvi'rtiwMiwn!
in The Review   -   ���   ���   I'lione 59
VOL. 3
NO. 28
Hardy & Biscoe have received instructions   from   Messrs.   C.rimsley &
Hogdkinsou, to sell by public auction on the lot
Opposite McPhee & Morrison's Store
Saturday, June 12, at 2:30 p. m.
Team of horses, wagon, sleighs, drag saw, axes,
chains, shovels, peavies, stoves, cooking utensils,
logging chains, new Adams wagon 4 1-2 inch tires,
two-thirds interest in growing crop on the Rennison
ranch, complete sawing outfit
Telephone 10 COURTENAY
Fresh  Arrivals
A Fresh Shipment of
the famous
44 Fleet Foot"
Tennis and Running
Shoes   have  arrived
We keep them in Men's, Boy's and Ladie's Sizes
See Our Show Windows
Telephone 34
Next Royal Bank
Where  everybody  goes  for  choice
Candies, Cigars, Tobaco, Fruit,
Vegetables, Groceries, Etc.
Phone 40
$6.00 Per Ton
Deliveredjin Courtenay
All OrdersjWill Recieve Prompt Attention
Phone 43 iCourtenay
The 'egular monthly meeting of
the Hoard of Trade was held iu the
Agricultural Hall last Thursday
A bad reputation i.s o dreadful
handicap. It will stick to you
through life and sometimes afterwards.
The many friends of Mr. R
l'errott will lie sorry to hear
he i.s wounded and lying in a
pita) in France.
Local Lines
Dr. Morrison is at Alberni this
[ Mr. W. Iv. Beasley, superintendent of the E, & N., was a visitor
in town on Monday.
Mrs. E. Leyland   left yesterday
, for   Kngland where   she will   live
with her   people until   the war   is
Mrs. W. J. Watehorn, who has
been at KainLops for the past
three months, returned home last
Thursday very much improved in
While Alliert Bridges was driving
a stak'.' in a fence, with an axe on
Sunday afternoon, the head Hew
off and hit his brother Herb just
below the eye, inflicting a bad gash
and severing several arteries.
J. W. McKenzie's driving mare
got out of her pasture field some
time Sunday night, and when
found next morning a deep gash
was found iii her hip, which required a number of stitches to draw
In tliese "strenuous" days it is
well   to   buy   "Made-In-Cauada"
goods. This should apply to pur-1 Some parents in a mistaken eudea-
chasing church bells a* well as | vor to avoid publicity instruct tlieir
anything else. Goods of Canadian | off spring to "keep mum," Others
manufacture are just as good as tell their children to tell the tt nth
any other and  should be good en-1 at   all   hazzards,      Which   child
. life?
A strawberry festival will beheld
at the home of Mrs.  John Gueve,
on Friday, the  25th inst.,   under
the auspices of the Sandwick Ladies
Aid  Society.   Programme in the
evening, also sale of work.
I    On July 8th, a garden party will
II, be hei lin the  Vicarage  grounds.
that Tennis and other games, ice cream
hos- and candy stalls.    The Rev.   John
I Autle of the Columbia Coast   Mis-
' mod hopes to be able to  briii^   the
The Courtenay baseball team de- missioll i,os])jtai ship tu Courteuay
feated the Union Bay boys at the
Courlenay grounds on Sunday by
a score of 9 to 7.
Arthur Knight, Arnold Grieve,
Bob Grieve and Joe Darrell motored to Nanaimo on Sunday, returning on Tuesday aftenoon.
The annual Strawberry Festival
given by the ladies' of the Courteuay Presbyterian Church will be
held this (Thursday) afternoon
and evening Dr. Garruthers, of
Alberni will deliver his lecture
"The World Gone Mad" at eight
for the occasion, and will be present at the parly and give short ac-
counls of the work this excellent
mission is doing amongst the logging camps 011 this coast.
Trap Shoot Score
For June 3, 1915
The truth should at all
told and at all costs.   Straws indicate which   way   the wind   blows
ough for Canadians,
if nothing else,
Be patriotic | st mds   the best   chance  of
nianding respect and siicx.
Dr. Millard seems to be the
champion fisher of Courtenay.
Last year he caught the two finest
fish taken from the river, aud on
Thursday afternoon cf last week he j
^ot a steelhead which tipped the'
beam ot 15 i-s pounds from the
river just abo\e the Union strtet
bridge. The Doctor's friends who
were "remembered" testify to the
delicacy o the fish, and trust he
will succeed in getting many more.
Picnic at Little River
On Dominion Day, July 1, it is
proposed to hold a picnic on Little
Kiver beah for the benefit of the
Collin: church hinds. Boats will
be for hire and tea will be provided
.11 moderate charges by the Lazo
Ladies' Guild. Further particulars'
iu next week's issue of this   paper
Fechner  14 >3
Whittle  13 14
Dalton  S 6
Parks  16 15
Parkins  14 5
McCuish  14 ��8
Kirkwood  tt 20
limes be Johnstcu  7
Coe  15
Harrison  B
Presbyterian Church
St. Andrews'   Saudwick
Service 2 pin.     Sunday   School
.nd Bible Class 3 p. 111.
Sunday  School and   Bible Class
10:30 a. in-   Service 11.W-   Evening service 7:30 p, in- AU welcome
Comox Creamery
40c per lb. this week
Old fashioned stoves are
furnaces. And such kitchens are much like boiler-
Always there is soot���and
smoke���and gas ���and
ashes. Always a fire to be
built, constantly watched
and stirred Always a litter of the old-stove utensils. And always a task
to be done.
Is your wife always to
spend those hours over a
hot, dirty fire? If you
could only know sometimes what she is thinking.
Do you know that thousands of women cook their
meals by the snap of a switch? Yes, in kitchens as
cool and clean and tidy as any parlor. For there is
no mme or dirt or reeking gas in electricity. And
the Hughes Range heats the food and not the kitchen.
Women are fast finding freedom from the tiresome
kitchen tasks. They deserve it. A few years from
now they'll show it in appearance and health.
Hughes Electric Ranges
You can give your wife this happiness. It means new health, new freedom
and an extra hour each day for rest and pleasure. You can save her all that
time and work and trouble for 3 cents a day!
Step into our show room. See the new Hughes Range. See how simple in oper��
tion���how efficient in consumption of fuel  You can't afford to be without it
For sale by
Courtenay Electric Light, Heat & Power Co., Ltd
_,_    Phones: Office 35, Res. R68 Office: Mill Street
it- ��� THE   REVIEW,   COURTNEY,   B. C.
CtfiMft priDulaled Eyelils*
Ky��t infUmtd by expo-
_ buic to ill. Inland Will
Fa/AO ��|ni��-k.ly relieved by Marias
l_y {?��9 t)��i��adj. NoSmaninf,
*f juii Eye Comfort.   At
Your Drugglit'i SOc per Bottle. Narlae Eyo
SaliiinTiibciJSc I-'oiDiekalHwryelracuk
Uniggiits oi Marlae f ye lenity Ct.,Cakt|*
The Mystery
ol the
By Fred M. White
Ward,   Lock   S.   Co,   Limited
London,  Melbourne and  Toronto ...
iCoutlUU ii)
The conversation proceeded fitfully,
sometimes almost lively, unon lapsing
lata -d-'in'i'.   11 was lisid for these \
people to tpsik.   Thoy bad no Iol i-;
ens outBlde tbe castle;  they found
It impossible to follow BOtsiat or pnln I- I
cal life.   Dully papers arrived, bul II
wan Beldoui tiiut Huy were   looked ,
Into, j
The il in ti or  came    to an  end  at
length, uiul   then  lhe  family  circle ,
drew round the fire.   Ravenspur whs '
nm- of those his iiild places where |
Area wort- always needed.   Mrs. Qo>
dun rose and walked io the door. Her
husband's eyes followed her.   TheBe
two were grey and old before their
lime, inn Hie dame ni' love slill burned bright and clear."
"Vou will not be lung, dear," Gordon Ravenspur snld. A somewhat '
sentimental remark In the ordinary
way, but not In this place where tlie I
parting of a minute might mean pari-,
ing fnr nil time. Mrs. Gordon smiled \
back upon iter husband,
"I am going to. bed," she said- j
".Never mind me,   1 feel sleepy."
Gordon   Kavenspur  nodded   sympathetically,     lie  knew   what   his   wife!
mean I ns if she had put her thoughts j
into   words.     Sho   had   been   terribly
upset  over  Vera  and  now that the
danger was past a heavy reaction set!
"Wbj should we sit here like llils'.'"i
Geoffrey exclaimed.    '.Vera and Mar-1
ion.  I'll play you two n  Bunie of bil-
lianis.   Come along.
Marion smilingly declined. She
touched tbe back of Ravenspur's
wasted hand.
"I am going to slay here just for a
few minutes and take care of grandfather," she said; "then I will go to
bed. dive Vera twenty in a hundred,
nml I will bet you a pair of gloves
thai she heals you easily."
The young people went off together
and in the excitement of lhe game
olher llilngs were forgotten. Vera
played well and Geoffrey had all his
work cut oul lo beat Iter, Finally
Vera ran oul with a succession of brilliant. Ilnkes
"Well, of all the luck!" Geoffrey
cried. "Let's play another .name, but
after that exhibition of yours I must
have a cigarette. Wait foi a moment."
The cigarettes were not In tlieir accustomed place, (leoffrey ran up llie
stall's to Ills bedroom, lie passed
along the dusky corridor on his return. In the nailery a'.l was dark and
Mill, save for something that sounded
like two (Inures in muffling velvet
robes dancing together, it seemed to
(leoffrey that lie could actually hear
ilu in breathing afte.- their exertions.
Willi n quickening of liis heart he
stopped to listen, Surely somebody
buried under many thick folds of
cloth wus calling for assistance.
"Who is there?" Geoffrey, called.
"Who are you?"
"Just under the I.ely portrait,"
came a stifled response. "If you
The voice ceased. In lhai instant, j
ii.offrey had recognized ii as Aunt.
Gordon's voice. '
Heedless of danger to himself he j
raced down the corridor, his thin
evening pumps making little or no!
anise on llie polished floor. Nor had I
Geoffrey llvcil here ull these years fori
nothing, lie could have foutnl the
spot blindfolded.
lie could sec nolhlng, but lie could
bear lhe Blruggle going on;  then lie
eaugbl   Ihe  flash  of  something  that
looked like a blue diamond, H must
have been attached to a band, bill no
;mnd was io 1 g seen.   Geoffrey caught
at nothingness nnd grasped something
warm   and   palpitating.     Ile   hnd   tbe
mysterious assailant In his grip; per-
haps be held the whole mystery here. !
Ile  heard   footsteps   pattering    along;
the corridor as Mrs. Gordon ran for!
assistance,    lie culled out to her and ',
she answered him.
She was safe. There was no doubt
about that, No longer was there any |
need for caul ion on Geoffrey's pari.
ills lingers closed en a thin scraggy
throat from which the flesh seemed
lo hang like strips of dried leather.
\t the same time the throat was cold
and clammy and slippery as If with
-nn - horrible slime.    It was almost
Impossible to keep a grip on it. More-
,\er the mysterious visitor, If slight,
..as  possessed  of  marvellous  agility I
and vitality. I
Hut Geoffrey foujrht on with thn
tenacity of one who plays for a great j
end. lie closed is again and bore I
ilie foe backwards. He had him at I
lust. If he could only hold on till ,-.s-1
sistance cume, the dread secret might I
l-e unfolded. .
Then the flgur, took something
trom Ills pocket, Hie air was tilled
with a pungent, sickly odor, and Geoffrey felt liis strength going from him.
He. was powerless to move a limb.
One of those greasy hands gripped his
in a vague, Intanglbli way Geoffrey
knew that lhat overpowering blinding
odour Was the same sniff (but had
cume so  near to ending  Hie  bead of
tbe fnmlly. if lie breathed it much
longer bis own end was come.
He made one other futile struggle
ami heard approaching footsteps; lie
caught the gleaming circle of a knife
blade swiftly uplifted, and his antagonist gave h whimper of pain as a
frightened animal might do.
The grlii relaxed an dGeoffrey staggered lo the lloor.
"That was a narrow escape," a
bourse  voice  suid.
"I'ncie  Halph!" Geoffrey    panted,
How did you gol ben" And where
bas Ibe fellow gone?"
"I was close at band." Halph said
COOlly, "A iniiiulcs or two sooner
and I might have saved Gordon's
wife .instead of your doing It. See,
Is lhei'0 blood on this knife?"
He banded a  bos  nf raalohos to
llcollrcv Tho Innn. carved .Malm
bliidc was dripping wllh crimson. Hut
lliere were no signs of ii ou lhe
"I.cl us follow blm." (leoffrey cried
eagerly.    "He cliu'l be far awuy!"
Hut Ralph did nol mo,e. Ills face
was expressionless once more Ile
did not appear to in- iu the least Inter*
esied or excited.
"it is useless," he sah', lu his dull,
mechanical tones. "For In this mailer
you are ns blind as I am. There are
ibiiigs beyond your comprehension, 1
am going down to see whal Is happening below."
ile began lo teel bis way to the
staircase, Geoffrey  following.
"Are we never geing to do anything?" tbe younger man exclaimed
"Ves, yes. Palletice, lad! Tbe
day of reckoning Is coming as sure as
1 Hlauil before you. But to follow
your late antagonisl is futile. Vou
might as well try to beut the wind
lhai   carries   uway   your     bal,   ou   u
stormy day."
.Mrs. Gordon -sat In the dining ball,
pale, ashen, und trembling from head
to foot, it seeemd as if an ague bad
fallen upon her ��� Every now and then
a short hysterical laugh escaped her
lips, more horrible and more impressive than any outbreak or fear r
And yet there was nothing lo be
done, nothing to be said: tbey could
only look at her with moist, eyes and
a yearning sympathy that was beyond
all words.
"It will puss," Mrs. Gordon said
faintly. "We all buve our trials; and
mine are no worse than the rest. Gordon, lake ine to bed."
Sbe passed up the stairs leaning on
lhe arm of her husband. Time wus
when these tilings demanded vivid explanations. They were too significant
now. Ralpli. crept fumblingly over
the floor till he stood hy Marion's
side. 'He touched ber hand; he seemed to know where to llnd it. The band
was wet.   Halph touched her cheek.
"You ure crying," he said, gently
for him
"Vis," Marion admitted softly. "Oh,
If I could only do anything to help, if
you only Knew how my benrt goes
out lo these poor people!"
"And yet it mny be your turn next,
Marion. Hut I hope not���1 hope not,
We could not lose the only sunshine
In the bouse."
Murion choked down a sob. When
she turned to Halph again be was far
off feeling his way along the room���
feeling, feeling always for the clue
to the secret.
The Kaiser's Plans
Geoffrey Is Put to the Test
The house was quiet at last. When
these mysterious things had first happened, fear and alarm had driven
.sleep from every eye, and many was
the long night the whole family bad
spent, huddled round (he lire till grey
morn chased tlieir fears away.
Hut ns the inhabitants of a be-
leagured oily learn lo sleep through
a heavy bombardment, so hnd the
Ravenspurs come to meet these horrors with grim tenacity. They were all
Upstairs now. behind locked doors,
with n hope that they might meet
again on the morrow. Only Geoffrey
was up walling for his nncie llalph-
He came at length so noiselessly
that (leoffery was startled, and motioned lo blm tnat be should follow
bim without a word.
They crept like ghosts along the
corridor until Ihey reached a room
with double doors at the end of the
picture gallery. Generations ngo Ihls
room had been built for a Ravenspur
who had developed dangerous homicidal mania, und in this room he hud
lived virtually a prisoner for many
After tbey bad closed the Iwo
doors, a heavy curtain was drawn
over the inner one. and Halph
fumbled bis way to the table uud
lighted a candle.
"Now we can talk." he said quietly,
"but not loud. Understand that the
matter Is to be u profound secret between us and that not a soul is to
know of it;  not even Vera"
"I have already given my promise,"
suid Geoffrey.
"I know. Still there is no ha'n In
again impressing tbe fact on your
mind. Geoffrey, yoti are about to see
strange things, things that will tea',
your pluck and courage to the uttermost.
Geoffrey nodded. "Willi the eagerness of youth he was ready-
"I will do anything you ask me," he
replied.   "1 could fact- any danger to
get at Ihe bottom of this business,
"Vou arc n good lad. Turn tho
lamp down very low and then open
tho  window.    Have you  done  that."
"Ves, 1 can feel the cold all' on my
face." .
Ralph crossed to the window nnd,
putting out his hand, gave Ihe (|iiulnt
mournful call of the owl. There was
a minute's pause und then came the
answering signul. A minute or two
later und a man's head and shoulders were framed in ihe open window.
Geoffrev would have dashed forward,
but Ralph held blm back.
"Not so impatient," ho Bald. "This
is  n  friend."
Geoffrey nsked no questions,
though he was puzzled to know why
the visitor did not enter Ibe eastlo by
the usual way. Ai Ralph's request he
clospd the window and drew the
heavy curtains an.', lhe lamp was
turned up again-
"My nephew," said Ralpli. "A line
young fellow, and one lhat you and I
can trust. Geoffrey, this is my old
friend SerglUB Tehigorsky."
Geoffrey shook hands with Tehigorsky. To his Intense surprise he
saw lhai the face of the stranger wus
disllgured in the sume wny as that of
his uncle. Conscious tbat his gaze
was somewhat rude he looked down.
Tehigorsky smiled. Very litlle escaped him and to blm the young man's
mind  was us clear as a  brook.
"My appearance startles you," he
said. "Some day you will learn how
your uncle and myself came to be
both disfigured in this terrible way.
That secret will be disclosed wben
the horror that haunts Ihis bouse is
"Will it ever be lifted, sir?" Geoffrey asked-
"We can do so at any time." Tehigorsky replied iu his deep voice. "Vou
may he surprised to hear that we
ean place our hands on the guilty
party at a moment's notice and bring
the offender to justice. Your eyes ask
me why we do not do so instantly. We
refrain' as the detectives refrain from
arresting one or two of a big gang of
swlnolers, preferring to spread their
nets till they have them all in their
meshes. There ure four people In
this business, uud we must take the
lot of them, or lliere will be no pence
for the house of Ravenspur Vou
follow me?"
(To be Continued)
Will  Punish  Emperor Joseph  For Not
Having Kept His End up in the
The Press Bureau's official eye-wit-
ness uI  Hit  Britisli front sends u uow
version of Gorman aims gleaned from
captured German officers,   who   sny
tbut the Austrian empire la In be dis-
mt iulu red, pnrt of It going to Italy I
and part of il lo Germany. This is ibe |
price according to these officers Aus- j
tria must pay for Hie failure of lier .
It is said in addition by ihese men
thnl Germany will Insist upon the
annexation of Belgium to u new Ger-
uiuii confederation, to Include all Germanic peoples uiul the Scandinavians,
Antwerp, according    to    these views,
whbh ure pronounced with great assurance, is to he mnde nu international poll, und tl.e whole of tilts
scheme is lo be brought aboul through
the offices of Ibe Hope.
"Conversation with captured officers ami llie better educated prisoners
has thrown considerable llghl mi llie
views of Ibe general situation now
held by the Gel man army.
"II is freely acknowledged thai Germany    sta it i-il    Hie wnr,    but opinion
seonia to be divided regarding ber Intention io occupy Belgium permanently, ' The belief Is thnl she would not
I live    i f0880(1    llle    Mouse If Kngluud
hnd remained neutral,   Tbe belief is
tbal     she      would      ban     advanced
through South Belgium und Luxemburg, thinking (Iron1. Britain would
lake it iu lhe rlghl way, as long as
Germany maintained tbut she desired
no territory In Europe no' already occupied by Gerinun-spenkliig people II
is admitted that Germany's strategic
frontier In lhe Vosges inusl bo improved.
"The most Important polnl In ibe
views now held is a frank admission
thai since the Austrian! have failed
so badly In the presenl way and have
bad to lie bolstered up by the armed
strength of Hcri.iany she will have to
pay for il  und  inusl. bleed.
"The German prisoners bold that
the Austrlnn empire will cease to
exist. The Germans will give away
some of ils territory to Italy, and will
include the German speaking portion
of Auslria In the German empire,
and also Luxemburg.
"The Germans will welcome thc
Duchy of Roland us a buffer between
themselves nnd Russia, und will Insist on Belgium joining the German
zollerein. Antwerp becoming un International port.
"There will lie a great central European confederation of lhe Germanic
peoples formed, lo include the Scandinavian- The Germans look forward lo
Hie good offices ot the 1'ope. though
the necessity 'or Ibis is regretted bo-
cause it is nol thought that the Papal
Influence is compatible with the attainment of Hie pan-American alms
These views nre based on Inspired
and highly-colored newspaper accounts vvhleh arc cleverly edited from
lhe off".���;:'.!  'ommtinlques,"
New Floating Mine
It Has Many Advantages Over Those
In   Use   by   Other   Nations
Tbe British navy has developed a
new type of mine, which, according to
tiie Scotsman, marks a new era in this j
branch of warfare.    The German and
l-'rench otlallng   mines have not pre.-;
senterl such a very difficult problem
because  It  has  ! een    comparatively
easy to sweep theni up. owing to tlieir
suspension tackle.   The new British
mine bus no floats and uo tackle. It
can be ejected I'rom a torpedo tube or!
incontinently   thrown   overboard,   if'
desired, it ean be set to rest on the [
sea floor until the minute chosen by
those placing It, when it will    come ,
up,  not  to  tbe  surface,  but  to  the!
proper depth ut which to    meet the
rushing hows of a (hip.
As soon ns the mine, floating free,
reaches a certain depth Ihere Is set
up u series of movements which put
into operation a thy propeller, und
Ihls promptly kicks tlie mine up to
the proper level, nud then stops until agnln called upon, lt is not a
mine easily caught in sweeping operations, as il progresses under water
in a series of slow "leaps," which
never reveal it, as il cannot leap beyond its fixed limit of buoyancy.
The proofreader on a small middle-
west   daily   was  a   wo mnn   or  great I
precision and extreme propriety. One
duy u reporter succeeded In getting in-,
to type an Item about "Willie Brown,
the boy wbo was burned in the west i
end by a ilve wire."
On  lho  following day  Ibe reporter j
found on  bis desk a frigid  note ask-
fng "Which Ib Ibe west end of a boy?"
It look only uu instant to reply.
"The end the son sets on, of course"
���Ladies' Home Journal.
An official memorandum regarding
war orders states that at least nlne-
ty-ilve million dollars' worth ot war
material nnd equipment has been ordered by the aliies from Canada, and
that this expenditure    does  not    include that incurred on behalf of the
Canadian contingei ts, which exceeds
Iwenty-threc    millions      Seventy-two
Canadian companies have been given
orders  for shrapnel sells, and  sixty-"
seven   are   engaged   in   making the
various parls required*    The    orders!
placed  in  the United Stales amount !
to more than a billion dollars.
Many Butcher Shops   .lose
Two thousand butchers' shop buve
been closed it, England since the beginning  of lhe war.    The Increased j
prices of meats nnd Ibe effort in most \
households lo economize closely, has
been the euitse for the decreased con-;
sumption,  which    has  hit  tlio  retail:
butchers very hard.
Probably more meat than ever be-
(ore Is being imported into llle Brit-1
Ish  Isles,  but  a huge proportion of j
It goes lmmedlatelj into the hands ot|
of the government for supplying the
soldiers u home und abroad.
The business of the average retail
butcher, according lo trade Journals,
has decreased twenty per cent.
Every Frenchman not in uniform
now wears a brassard on his arm to
show he is on special duty, for It is
a mark of shume not to be In service.    '
Stella���I want a man In a million.
Bella���I want a million In a man.
II a s bee n
your horse's
best friend
for years. It
makes pulling easy.
The mica
does it.
Dealers Everywhere
Your System
an occasional corrective to insult
good health and strength. Suecesi
is almost Impossible for the weak
and ailing. Enjoyment is not
for lhe sick. Impaired health
und serious sieknesBes usually
begin in deranged conditions of the
stomach, liver, kidneys or bowels.
are recognized all over the world
to be the best corrective of troubles
of the digestive organs. They tone
the stomach, stimulate the liver, regulate tho bowels. They cleanse the
system, purify thc blood and
act  in  the  best and  safest   way
For Health
and Strength
LarunK >!<- of An? Mrdicine in Ilia W.rlA
Sold t-riyviti.t..   Id boaei, 25 cent*
'Sis won't be able lo see you tonight,   Mr.  Jones,"  said    ber    little
brother.    "She's  had a tur'ble accident."
"Is that so?   What happened?"
"All her hair got burned  up."
"Good heavens!   Wus ihe burned!"
"Naw-;   she    wasn't    Ihere.    Sht
don't   know   about  it  yet."���Lippia-
Dorothy was visiting her grandparents In the country for the flrsl limn.
Seeing a quantity of feathers scattered about he henyard, she shook
her head in disapproval.
"Grandpa," she told bim gravely,
"you ought really ' do something t��
keep your chickens from wearing out
W- N. U. 1050
Are Low Down, Light Draft and Easy Running���Don't Be Without One THE   REVIEW,   COURTNEY,   B. C.
Don't Persecute
your Bowels
Cut out ralliartlci and purwllvM.   lacy ire
��riil.i|..|idi,l|..iiiiiici.,..m). Irv
Purtli vwetablo, Act
lootlid thedelf.
Cat. Cun
Nn Headache and hiiscilioit. n. million* tnow.
.Smell Pill, Smell Dote, Small Price.
Genuine must bra Signature
Union Mado
Samples sent your deulcr on  request,
it. CI. I.ONC1 & CO., LIMITED, Toronto
Mrs. Wiseneighbour Says
"I should have told you the olher
day wheu wo were speaking of
finite as necessary to have an Indurated Plbrewt.re Tub In which
to wash the clothes, If you waut
to mako a success of wush day."
Mrs. Newlywed Says
"I've   ofte.i   I eard   of eddy's
Whut's ilie difference between
fibre aud woodeuware?"
madi from compressed libra baked
at extreme heat All iu one solid
piece. Cannot warp or fall apart.
No chance of splint- s. Wear
longer, look hotter and aro very
light to handle. The latter point
should always pe a matter of consideration when buying kitchen
utensils,"  conclude i    Mrs.     Wise-
Gold Given for Iron
Number of Iron Finger Rings Sent to
Gorman  Sympathizers  Held  Up
The poslal authorities at Ottawa
have held n number of iron linger
rings addressed lo Uerman sympathizers In Canada, und al lhe Baine time
have unearthed a peculiar scheme to
assist tho fatherland. Th ��� plan la being oarrlod oul by certain Gorman
newspapers lit tne United Slates. Peo-
I'I''  arc asked  tO semi  In  llieir gold
rliiMH. whhh are said lo bo forwarded
in Germany, ostensibly to usslsi iiu<
Rod Crqsi) l-'und. bul ll Is believed to
help swell  llie Kaiser's gold  tv-orves.
iii return for the gold ring lho donor
Is .sent aii Iron band in be worn as a
marl; of devotion lo his c trj   The
rings un- Inscribed lu Oerinnui "To
the old I'll I In-! Iniiil, ui) fllltll In prove,
I give lu lime of siics-. gold for litis
The  scheme   Is  until rsiund    n  have
beon worked extensively in the
United suites.
All Night with Asthma.���Kvoryone
knows liov, iiiiuci.s of nsihiiia often
keep ihdr victim nwuko Ihu whole
night long, Morning llnds him wholly
unllltcd for a day of business, and yet,
business inusl slill in- carried through,
All Ihls night Buffering and lack of
rest can Uo avoided by the prompt use
of Dr, .1. U, Kelloggs Asthma Remedy, which positively does drive away
lho attacks,
"Uncle Joe" Cannon was asked
what lie thought of llie outlook for
the ll'puhlican paily in HUH, and
lu answered with a Btory,
"A black man was arrested for
horse stealing while i wus prosecuting attorney in Vermilion county,"
he said, "and was placed on trial
after being duly indicted. When his
day in court came he was taken before the judge nud I solemnly rend
ihe charge in the indictment to him.
" 'Are vou guilty or nol'." I asked .
"The lilncl; mnn oiled uneasily ill
his chair. 'Well, lmss.' he finally suid,
'ain't dut the very thins; we're about
t'i try?"
Explosives From Petroleum     Destructive Explosives
Children Teething
Mrs. Wsnslows
Soothing Syrup
Hyotifoal'iiu r WSOHTS' 'run down' 'aoi the blues'
write (<ir FREE CLOTH BOUND MCI) KM. linoK ON
Ill-l�� dllSAIM Mil WONlHtRfUf, CURBS off* tail h/
thsrtmcdyfui Vour OWN ailment. Abjolutolr FRIiC
No'follow lip*circular!, No obligations. DR>LECt.Krta
The Old  Reliable
Established   1810
This   World's   Fastest   Weekly
Mall nn I Passenger Ocean Service.
Retluction Second Cabin Rates
The  largest,  faslesl  antl  finest
Bteamer now In service.
Prepaid passages arranged. Apply In any  lt.lt. or S.S. Agent, ur
eoyilt W.nUd to Writ, Hill ln.ur.AO*
til.   \..r   ,1   '.Villi���,   It,   ||.,   ��,,,.V'
���II,   pi'ilr,.,-   I.lni,..,,   I,.-.,    C.. )l.���,m���llj
HSrl,. M1...111 ,i.w    ,... Mnnltoh, ,|,n-.
. l.d.  .-���,...-  I r.lnl' A.  Te.k.l,  Out. C
"Begin at lhe bottom and work up.
Patrick; ;lhat i.s Hie only way."
"lt cannot be done in my business.
I'm :i well digger."
No  culling,   no  plast-
_-     , ers or pads to proas
tif\ I Uie sore    spot.    Put-
"" * nam's    Extractor
makes tlie corn go wltlioilt pain. Takes
out the sting overnight. Never fails-
leaves no sear. Uot a '25c bottle ol
Putnam's Corn Extractor today.
There Is moro catarrh In una section
of the country than nil other diseases
put log'llier, and until the lust tew
yeara was supposed to be Inourable,
trot- n groat many years doctors pronounced It a local disease ami prescribed
local remedies, ami by constantly railing
lo euro wllh local trca ut. pronounced It Incurable. Science hns
proven Catarrh to bo a constitutional
disease, and therefore requires constitutional treatment, Hall's Catarrh Cure,
manufactured by P, J. Cheney * Co.,
Toledo. Ohio Is iho only Constitutional
cure on (lie market, It la taken Internally In doses from 10 drops to a tea-
Spoonful li acts directly on tne blood
and mucous surfaces of the system,
Tlu-y offer one hundred dollars for any
ease ll falls to cure. Send ror circulars
and   testimonials,
Address; P. J. CHI-INKY & CO., Toledo.  Ohio
Kohl  by' Druggqts,   "fin.
Take Hull's Family fills ror constipation.
W- N. U. 1050
Horses or Gasoline
Craze For Gasoline Engines Fast Dying Out in the West
Saskatchewan formers are apparently coming tn the conclusion that
gasoline tractive power Is less economical than that supplied by animals.
The lion. W. It. Motherwell recently
slated that the Saskatchewan Investment Co. nt Alerli'.go had discarded
the six large engines tltey had in
favor of oxen, 1G0 oxen being required
In do the old work. At the Horse
Breeders' convention held in Regina,
the secretary in his report claimed
that tho craze for gasoline engines
was fasl dying ont and that the use
of horses was being reverted to. The
result Is lhat mixed farming lu this
province lias received a considerable
The reporl   or the sheep Breeders'
association also held In Regltia showed (here were 126,000 sheep in Saskatchewan in l!UI. Ol' aboul one to
every Ilve persons. Tlie price realized
for wool In i'.'M was ITU cents as
compared witli 13 and n cents in
The outlook for Increase In sheep
production Is favorable, the only
I rouble being dugs. It. was decided to
take up with tlio provincial government to see If all dogs In rural districts with the exception of lliose kepi
on thc farm for utility purposes could
not be done away with. Over 1,000,000
hogs were produced 111 Saskatchewan
lu 1914, as compared with about BOO,-
000 in 1913.
Minard's Liniment for sale everywhere.
Recognition at a Distance
Some Interesting; experiments have
toon made in the army villi lhe object of discovering a', what distance
the recognition of one soldier by another is reliable. For soldiers with
good eyes it was found that a person
seen ouce before xiil.l be rccogniti il
al a distar.Je of so feet, while an acquaintance could be recognized at a
distance of 300 feet, and an intimate
friend or relative at a distance of
500 feet. The various parts of a man's
body can be distinguished aud any
decided movement can be detected by
an expert rifleman at a distance of
300 feet. At 1,800 feet a man appears
as a spot on the landscape and cannot usually be seen if lie keeps still
or if Ills dress does not contrast wllh
the background,
Will    Build   $200,000   Plant to Make
Gasoline  and   Explosives
Secretary i.nne announces that the
United   siates Bureau of .Mines has!
entered Into n co-operativo arrange-j
inent wiih the Aeita Ijxposlves Company of New  York   for   the development   on  a  commercial    scale  nf the
process   discovered i�� Dr, Waller p. |
Illinium, one of the bureau's experts,
for tlie manufacture ot benzol and'
mini from petroleum,
Through Dr, itltimnu's discoveries
It Is oxpocted bases l'or ilyeslitlVs and j
high explosives heretofore almoai ex-;
i lusivciy imported trom normally will
in drawn from petroleum and 1 tide-
pcniicni producers will be aide to
double ihelr nuipui of gasoline,
I'uder   [llO   ngreenieu!     lhe   Aetna
company undertakes in devote   the
sum of nut less Iiian $300,000 In the
construction of apparatus and machinery necessary lo make exhaustive
tests of the cniiiiucrclnl feasibility of
lhe now discovery. The development
work will be carried on lu Pittsburg,
where the company has acquired n
small rciiiiiiig plant.
"It Is expected Hint lhe co-operation will be productive of great benefits," suld Secretary Lane, "Inasmuch
as It will enable the process to be immediately tried out In large scale
operations and will permit thc
Bureau of Mines at an early date to
publish the full details of a commercial workable process.
"The contract expressly provides
that all devices, improvement, processes and inventions of any kind
evolved In the development of the process shall be subject lo patent liy the
Bureau of Alines for the benefit of tlle
public. The work will be carried on
under the direct supervision of lir.
Kilt man. who will ijave exclusive control and direction of the experimental
Liniment    Cures    Burns,
New British Airship
Twelve  poVerful  airships,  claimed
to lie Improvements over anything of
the air-llghtlng    type    ever    floated,
have been completed ln Kngland.
These machines are to attack German fortersses and naval bases. According to tho English claim, the
new type of dirigibles have remedied
tlio defects of the Zeppelins iiiiiI
have vastly improved on the offensive
possibilities of the Uerman craft.
Double  Track   Mileage of C.P.R.  Exceeds    That    of    All Canadian
Railways Put Together
The Canadian Pacific Railway now
has 1,420 miles of double track, which
is very much greater tahn the double
track  mileage of   any other line in
Canada, and exceeds that of all Canadian railways put together,
French Have a New Explosive Terrible  in  its  Effect
Ever since tlle beginning nf the war
there have been rumors Of a new
Trench explosive or appalling iorce.
A receni stalenieni referred to the
expected Increase In results from artillery lire conseqiieni upon some discoveries and the Paris Eclair prints
all extract from a soldier's letter, saying:
"We had three trenches to take, I
expected a hnrd job. The air seemed iiii lire. The signal was given und
we charged, bill the usual hail ot
bullets  was lacking.
"On searching tin- llrst trench wc
halted, petrified, it was filled with
corpses, in n comer the BOldler who
served the mitrailleuse was upright,
chained to ibe gnu. I lo, toii, was lifeless, We rushed a seeuiiil trench and
a tllll'll. The same sights were I heir,
everyone was annihilated."
Spring Reminders
Of Rheumatism
Raw, Damp Weather Starts
the Pain, But the Trouble  j
Lies in the Blood
Spring weather is bad for rheumatic
sufferers.   The changes from mild lo !
cold, the raw, damp winds start  the j
aches and twinges, or In the more ex- I
Irene-   cases,   llie   tortures     of   the '
trouble going,  llul   It must  be borne
iu mind ihal li is not llie weather thai
causes rheumatism,   The trouble Is
rooted in lhe blood   the changeable
weather merely starts the pains. The '���
only way to reach the trouble and to
cure ll Is through the blond. The poisonous rheumatic adds inusl be driven
out.   I.iniineiils und rubbing may give
temporary relief, bul cannot possibly
cure the trouble, The sufferer Is only
wasting    lime    and  money with  this
kind of treatment and all the time the
trouble Is becoming more deeply rooted���harder lo cure.   There is just one
speedy cure for rheumatism -Dr, Williams'   l'ink   Pills.    They  act   directly
on   the   Impure,   acid-tainted blood.
They purify and    strengthen  il   and
Ibus root, out the cause of th i rheum-1
atlsm,    Hen-    is strong proof of Uie
above   statements,   Mr,   j.   Routley,
Sydney, Man., says:  "I  was so badly
crippled with rheumatism in my hips
nnd   knees    that.  I  could  hardly  go
about.    I began  tlie  use of Dr, Williams' Pink Pills, which I look steadily for a couple of months, by 'which
time all traces of the trouble bad disappeared.    1  can  niof.'.    strongly recommend   the Pills to all rheumatic
Wild by all medicine dealers or by
mail al 50 cents a box or six boxes for
$2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine
Co,,   Brockvllle,  Out-
is manufactured expressly tor harness,
Thai's why it prevents cracking and
makes the leather
soft and pliable. One
rubbing with Eureka
makes an old set of
harness look like-
Dtalert Everywhere!
The supply of copper is so limited
lu Germany that l'or sonic time past
German agents have been collecting
large quantities of copper coins in
Italy and transporting them to Germany for the manufacture of projectiles. According to tlie Demoncrato
de Deleniont a similar ruse is being
employed in tlie Swiss Juras, where
the French "sous," which have a
large currency, are eagerly bought at
double their face value by German
New Records In Deep Sea Divinj
Thai deep diving is a practli i
cedure  when  the proper pr icaui      -
are    taken    seems to  hai i   bi
nionstrated   by  tests carried  oi i    ��� ���
ih.. navy department during I
of mi I off the const of Ni ������ En - ii
In these tests only such apparati
is   supplied   wiiu   lhe   dli In;    i  .
all naval vessels was USI ''    V
hundred dives    were    made,     ,
though  greal depths  were    i ������'
no  mishaps  or  difflcultle i       re
perieneed. One diver wen:  to a dept i
of 274 feet, and it is belies id by I   ���
officers in charge that a dept
feet or more can be reach"!  .\ ,
serious danger.
The Way Out
Change of Food Brought Success and
An ambitious but. delicate girl, after
failing to go through school on account, of nervousness and hysteria,
found In Grape-Nuts the only thing
that seemed lo build up and furnish
her the peace of health.
"From Infancy," she. says, "I have
not been strong B.dng ambitious to
leant at any cost, I finally got to Ibe
High ScHool but soon had lo abandon
my studies on account, of nervous
prostration and hysteria.
".My food did not agree with me,
and I grew thia aud despondent. J
could not enjoy the simplest social affair for I suffered constantly from
nervousness in spito of ull sorts of
"This wretched condition continued
until I became interested in tlie letters of those who had cases like
mine and who were being helped by
eating Grape-Nuts.
"I liad little faith, but. procured a
pkg., and after the first dish 1 experienced a peculiar satisfied feeling
that I had never gained from any ordinary food. I slept and rested better
that night aud in a few days began to
grow stronger.
"I had a new feeling of peace and
reStfulbess. In a few weeks, to my
great joy, the headaches and nervousness left me and life became bright
and hopeful. I resumed my studies
and later taught ten months with ease
���using Grape-Nuts every day. 1 am
now the mistress of a happy home
and the old weakness has never returned.
Name given hv Canadian Postum
Co., Windsor. Ont. Head "The Uoad to
Wellville." In pkgs. "There's a Reason."
Ever read the above letter? A new
one appears from time to time. They
are genuine, true, and full of human
Zeppelins or Spiders?
A story is told of a young French
woman who observed with punctiliousness the wartime precautions ordered by the police.
She kept the shutters closed at
I nightfall, and the curtains pulled
down, so thai not a speck of light
j would escape form her apartments,
But one night, when reading ' the
newspaper, she said Hint she had
readied the limit.
The newspapers    said    thai  if life I
Zeppelins came all persons  must go :
inlo the cellars. She told her friends
she would not go down into the cellar.
"1 do not care a fig  for the Zeppelins," she said.    "II is no use asking me,    1 will not go down Into the
I cellar."
"Bul why'.'" asked her friends, "lie
cause," she replied, "I am afraid of
Minard's  Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.
Absinths Drinking
i    Absinthe drinking, now permanent-1
i ly banned lu Prance, came home with ;
i the French soldiers from the Algerian |
War  (1844 to 1847). The green  devil:
I soon pushed lis way across the channel, for by IS.'il, wl.en "The Newcomers"    was written, it was a familiar!
drink   In   West   End     clubs,     When j
Barnes seats himself by the window |
ut  Bay's and gossips to Sir Thomas
de Boots and Charley Heavlside, he
orders "an absinthe and water" to recuperate from the fatigue of a day's
toil in the citv.���Pall Mall Gazette.
Wise mothers who know the virfu is
of Mother Graves' Worm l-.'.r rmiaat-
or always have it at hand. b3i t t - ���
It proves  ils  valu .
There Is no gelling away from the
fact that the money for ilie stockman
is in good stock,   it makes little d   ���
I'erence as to class or breed, prtv
they are adapted lo soil, climate an :
local conditions.   What is true of pure-
bred dairy rattle Is true of beet eal
tie, horses, sheep and swine. The man
who sets a high standard of individuality, pedigree and performance a- d
uses gmxl judgment  in his breeding
operations which enables him to i-.,
his goal is the man who Is pal I for
his pains.
Revive the Jaded Condition.���When
energy flags and the cares of business
become irksome; when the whole system is out of sorts and there ls general depression, try Put melee's Vegetable Pills. They will regulate the
action of a deranged stomach and a
disordered liver, and make you feci
like a new man. No one need suffer a
day from debilitated digestion when
so simple and effective a pill eau be
got at any drug store.
The moving picture director was
baying trouble in getting one of the
scenes right. The girl was supposed
lo resist, the attempt to kiss her. hul
the rehearsal was far from satisfactory.
"Think now," said the director,
coaching her, "haven't you ever tried
to stop a young man from kissing
I you?"
"No," was the girl's frank reply.
Child Failed to Mere Skeleton. Intensely Itchy. Could Not Bear
Clothing. Used Cuticura Soap and
Ointment.   No Trace of Trouble
.mo Palmerslon St.. Sarnla, Ont.���
When my llllle Rlrl wai two mniulH old lha
developed a .-list" eruption on her lilpa
which I waa told ��� is
eczema. In a few ireeks'
time i( had spread to fuse
hands and toot, her OJ -i
and behind her cars. S'n
suffered terrible an-- -:t
and railed to a mere Bkelo-
ton. The skin ail came i��:T
77 tbe palms of her hands and
tliu soles of her feet and we thought Bhe
wonlil tlii-. Tlie eiv.ruia broke out like
Einall pfmplcB which became In a short time
like water blisters and looked mdeh Ilka
a burn. Il waa intense!) itchy and the
child moaned and twisted continually. Sho
could nnt bear her clothing near her and I
did not aiieuipt lu dress hor.
"At thia stage 1 got a box cf Outlcura
(liniment and a cake, nr Culil llttl Soap and
jnsi followed directions tn their use 1
kept up Ibis treatment for a raw dj;.; and
was more than pleased to see thai it waa
Rivintf iclief. In a few weeks' [itdo tb-.r.i
was absolutely no trace of tlir tronlitu left.'
(Signed) Mrs. H. Langlola, Feb.31, nil.
Samples Free hy Mail
A Bingle hot bath with Cuilcura Soap anl
a gentle anointing with Cuticura Oinlmcnt
arc often sufficient to afford Imniedtal ircIU-f
in ihe inns; distressing cases uf skin anl
scalp diseases when all elsn falls. Suhl
throughout the world. Ulieral sample ofea i
mailed free, wiih :i::-i>. Book. Address postcard "C'uticur��. Dept. IJ. iionton, U.S.A.'! THE COURTENAY REVIEW
The Courtenay Review
Aud Comox Valley Advocate
A   Weeky   Newspaper,   l'libisbed   at
Courtenay, B. 0.
N. II. IIohkn, Editor and Proprietor
tnbscription HM per Year iu Advance
Telephone 59
Aid, Kobeitson made one of the
moJt sensible remarks aiicnt the
post ofiice squabble, we have heard
for so i e time,��� "If Mr, Parez
would not agree to have tbe post
ollice built anv other place than on
Isaliel Street, let us agree to have
it built there, and have it built at
once." This eternal squabbling
will not get us arywhere. Kvery
person in town had a chance to
offer a tree site for the post office,
there were only three public ipirited
citizens who availed themselves of
the opportunity, Messrs. Lloyd
Dunham, Mr. McPhee, and Mr,
Parez, the latters' lot being accepted bv the Government. Because
he has been lucky enough to secure
the building of the post office in the
centre of his property, and also in
the centre of t' e city, is no reason
why we should try and have it
built elsewhere.
In another column appears a letter from Mr. W. A. W. Hames re
the cow nuisance. We have on a
number of occasions made remarks
on the nuisance. We have no objection to cows running at large
during daylieht, but at night they
and their bells are an insufferable
nuisance, and if it continues the
council will be compelled to pass a
bylaw prohibiting all animals from
running at large. A better way
would be for the Council to pass a
herd bylaw which would allow animals to graze at large during the
hours from 7 in the morning until
7 p. m., after which they must be
taken into paddocks or tied up. A
nominal fee of $1. per year should
be imposed. This scheme works
well in other places and should do
financial statement will show that
most of the contributions have come
from those living outside the city.
This society differs from others in
that it is independent, its funds can
be used for any purpose of relief.
and is not merely confined to the
Immediate families of soldiers. The
committee recognize lhat all or
nearly all of the hardships we are
now undergoing are caused by the
war, and that all needy persons in
our district should be helped. It
is now up to those of us who can
to help tlie committee.
The annual report of the Patriotic service Committee appears in another column It vill be seen that
this society is doing much good in
a quiet unostentatious way which
is to be admired. The circumstances of every wife or family left by
men called to the front have been
investigated, and if help was necessary it was freely given, and the
recipients were grateful because it
was not charity. Work was provided for a number when there was
no possibility of them securing
employment through the regular
channels. The work of the committee is now greatly handicapped
through lack of funds and it would
be well for our citizens to contribute liberally to it.   A glance at the
The lirst wedding solemnized in St.
John's church wsb that <>f   Mr.   F.   C.
Brock, Malinger of Hank ol Commerce,
and Miss Maud Glazbrook, eldest daughter ol Mr. R. M. Glasbrook, of Grantham, The impressive ceremony was
performed by the Rector, Rev. EC, Lay-
cock, in tbe presence of a large congregation. The bride entered the church
on ber lather's arm and accompanied by
her retinue, proceeded lo tlieuHar to the
strains ol tlie processional hymn "Tbe
Voice that Breathed Through Eden,"
where she wns met by the groom, supported by Mr, Fred Field, Alter the
ceremony Menilhclssbon's Wedding
March was played, and during the signing of he register, Mrs. Jackson sang
"The King ol Love My .Shepherd Is."
Alter the ceremony lhe guests proceeded
to their future home where a reception
was held, which was attended by a large
number ol theii friends, and where toasts
were drunk to their future happiness,
etc. Tlle dainty bride was prettily clad
in white voile, with a long train, trimmed with shadow lace, white satin girdle
pearl necklace, and carried white roses
and orange blossoms.
The Maid of Honor was her sister Miss
Doris Glazbrook, gowned iu white voile
trimmed with pink silk rosebuds, white
silk straw picture hat trimmed witli pink
chiffon rosettes, aud carried pink sweet
Two Bridesmaids, Miss Kathlyn Glazbrook and Miss Dorothy Jackson wore
floral laee cloth trimmed with lace and
pink satin ribbon, white silk straw
picture hats trimmed with pink chiffon
rosettes and carried pink roses.
Flower girl, Miss Phyllis Glazbrook,
dressed in white net trimmed with Irish
lace, pink sash, pink silk straw mushroom hat, and carrying basket of pink
The bride's mother wore purple silk
embroidered costume with purple toque.
Alter the reception the happy couple
left lor Union Bay. Irom where they will
start today on a trip to the Panama Exposition, On their return they will take
up their abode in Mr. Biscoe's house.
The young people are a deservedly
popular young couple, and their friends
remembered them handsomely by large
numbers of useful and valuable presents.
Robt. Wilson, of Roy's beach
ran amuck on Monday night. On
Tuesday he was arrested by Constable Haunay, charged witli carrying concealed weapons and was
fined $10 and costs.
The Red Cross Society will hold
a meeting at the Sandwick hall on
Wednesday June 16th at 2.30 p. m.
Material will be provided by the
Woman's Institute and all ladies
are requested to attend and bring
scissors and thi nble, also white
thread. Tea will be served by the
Institute. Let everyone come aud
Ford Touring Car
Price $590
Your neighbor drives a Ford���why
don't you? We are selling more Fords
in Canada this year than ever before���
becafse Canadians demand the best in
motorcar set vice at the lo\vest"pDssible
cost. The "Made in Canada ''i Ford
it a necessity���not a luxury
Buyers of Ford cars will share in our protlts if we sell
80,000 cars between August 1, 1911, nnd August 1,1915
Runabout ?SI0; Town Car 8810; F. O. II. Ford Ontario, equipment, tncludlug electric headlights. Card
on ili-play and sale at
Htond n*nm k
uwnn ��/ C'C
. I* Grata
TK��m at. ck..p*t eon**, but
why ahould you wear them wh��n
lha different:* in price ia ao little.
Mrs. Brown is seriously ill at her
home here,
Mrs. Muir, of Union Bay, was a
visitor in town yesterday.
Malcoin Beaton is reported to
have been wounded lately at the
At the shoot this afternoon
Whittle got 13, Fechner 13, Dawley 21, Kirkwood 23.
A brakeman named Murray fell
off a box car at Cumberland last
night and was ruu over by an
Messrs. Hardy & Biscoe will conduct an auction sale for Grimsley &
Hodgkinson on the lot opposite the
City Hall on Saturday afternoon
June 12.
Harry Hodgkinson has purchased Oscar Davis' express aud dray
business, and will continue the boat
and other services.
Mr. George Loggie, wife and two
daughters, of Bellingham, paid a
visit to Loggie Bros , their cousins,
last Saturday while en route to
Campbell River, this is the first
time thev had met for thirty years
when the former left New Brunswick for the Pacific coast,
The license commissioners met
yesterday afternoon, The two applications for shop licenses were
refused ou account of not having
enough signatures. The application
for a license fot the Courtenay
Hotel and the transfer of J. R.
Johnston's license was laid over.
Now is the time to
procure  your  seeds
for early planting
We carry a full stock
of First Glass Seeds
and Implements
Telephone 4 SANDWICK
Barrister  and [Solicitor,   Notary  Public
P. O. Box 209
Phone 24 Courtenay
This week au advertisement was
inserted in the local papers for a
lady to do office work. At the appointed hour no less than fifty
qualified applicants,   the   first   of
Plastering Contractor
Estimates Furnished   Work Guaranteed
When In Doubt
Play Trumps
Have Goard Tune Your Piano
Factory Experience
Recommends   from  Leading Musicians
from the Atlantic to the Pacific.   Copies
of same furnished on request
W. J. Goard   will ne  in this city  about
August 1.   Leave orders at this Office,
or write direct to
845, 8th Avt., W.   ���   Vancouver
whom got the job at the splendid
renuneration of $ia a month ! Is
it for such a prospect as this that
girls spend months of study and
practise, in addition to their usual
education, taking business courses
in typewriting, shorthand, and
book-keeping ?
Victotia, B. C���It has been said
that as a community, tbe settleis of
British Columbia co-operate in forest protection work to a greater
degree than in auy other part of
Canada or the States. In view of
this, the Minister of Lands has in-
instructed the district foresters to
distribute a circular letter embody,
ing the regulations concerning fire
permits, giving rules for guidance
when burning slash or brush in
land clearing operations, aud information as to what should be done
if fire does break out. The importance of care with fire is clearly
set out. together with an appeal for
the help of every citizen. The
letter gives facts snowing the necessity for adequate fire protection
to the timber industry whic'i in ordinary times contains half the capital, employs half the labor, aud
pays half the wages distributed in
British Columbia.
With the despatch of ten car
loads of potatoes Saturday from
British Columbia to Washington,
there was completed an export of
thirty-five carloads this week.
This represents about 15,000 sacks
of potatoes, and is noteworthy because it is the first time that shipments of potatoes have been made
from British Columbia to the South
Previos shipments had all been
made inwards. A similar quantity
of potatoes is expected to be exported this week.
The export is considered a
triumph for the fruit pest inspectors, who have been active in keeping out the Colorado beetle and potato blight from the province. Last
season the potato crop in different
parts of Washington and California
suffered considerably from the potato borer maggott, necessitating
the purchase of shipments from
British Columbia to supply local
and all
Palace Livepy
Herses and Buggies for Hire k*.
Terms cash.
We also attend to wood hauling:
Courtenay Fhoae 2$
First-Class Plumbing
Hot Water and Steamfitting
Jackson & Whittle
Phone 9 C��urtena>
General Blacksmith
olicil Your I'ntroniiKG.    Careful Attention,
Ulven to Horses Feet
Comox, B. C.
First-class   Accommodation.   Best.
Quality Wines Liquors and Cigars
R. McCuish, Prop.
To Bake
Not to Bake?
The former is really unneces- -
sary   when Bread from   the ���
Courtenay Bakery is available
andby reason of quality has so
many votaries.   Get the A B
habit and!?satisfaction
W. Aitken
Oppositentv 1 lulyliiiti. UiuJ�� &
CAPITAL $15,000,000    RESERVE FOND, $13,500,000
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1 and
apwards. Careful attention is given to every account. Small accounts
���re welcomed.    Accounts may be opened and operated by mail.
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persona, with-
Arswals to be mad* by any one of them or by the survivor. Ml
F. C. BROCK, Manager, Courtenay Branch
Aldermen Have Busy Sessions
The council met on Monday
evening Members all present.
Minutes of last meeting read and
Communications were irad from
the Department of Agriculture endorsing copy of Noxiom Weeds
Act. and asking the council to assist in keeping down weeds. A
by-law will be introduced at next
session along these lines.
From Mr. Wm, Idiens stating
that if the council would buy a lot
for a post office site he would find
a man to furnish the money, taking
debentures for his pay. Recieved
and filed.
The   following   accounts    were
presented   and   referred to the Finance Committee   to pay   it found
Courtenay Electric Light Co.:
Light for office $   t. io
''    east end bridge      4.70
"    west ���'       "    Apr.    21.76
 May    18.05
Dr. Millard       5.00
School requsitious   300 00
A petition from a number of
Courtenay business men asking the
council to favor the extentiou of
the jurisdiction of the small debts
court was received and will be endorsed when amended so as to take
in more territory.
Aid. Crompton, having received
a letter from the Hon. J. W. Bowser stating that any relief loans
made lo inumcrpalities would have
to be repaid bv September 1, and
were only made in case of absolute
necefsity. The letter will be acknowledged and filed.
Aid Roberts:)!! asked that filial
consideration of trades bylaw be
left ever till another session.
The electric light bylaw was
ready for its first and second readings. Aid. Johnston remarked
that the schedule of rates was not
ready and thought it unwise to go
on until it was completed. The
Mayor raid that as the council
were all agreed as to the terms of
the schedule the bylaw might be
introduced. Aid. Johnston said he
bad not agreed to the agreement
or to the schedule of prices. The
Mayor then instructed the Utilities
Committee to fix up the agreement
and shedule with the company, and
then bring it to the council for ratification.
Md. Crompton reported that he
had in'erviewed Mr. Parez, re the
Post Office site, and that he would
not consent, under any circumstances to give up any right he had to
have the post office built on Isabel
Mr Parez asked if the port office
was to be built for tbe accommodation of the public or for these'
who had real estate to sell. He
also said that if the post office was
built at all it would be built on
Isabel street, not on Union Street,
which was only a road leading to
the mines.
Aid. Robertson said the city were
taking the matter over, and he
wanted to start with a clean sheet.
He wanted to put Mr. Parez's lots
in competiton with other sites, but
Ml. Parez will not allow it to be
put up under any circumstances.
He thought Mr. Parez was not acting in the best interests of Court-
enay, but if the post office is going
to be built there let us all agree to
agree, and have it built at once.
The Clerk cubinitted the following report of the receipts and  dis-
bursments up to June 1,
Taxes from Govt $11.52
Dog Taxes $61.00
Trades Licenses 595.oo
Government school grant $384,50
Bank of Commerce..        ..$500
Office Expenses $166.07
.Salaries $160
Police $52
Office Furniture $85,75
Schools $764.78
leaving a balance on hand of
$yS 06. The amount out standing
exclusive of the note to Bank is
about $1300,
Aid. Johnston stated that he had
seen Mr, Brock, and he thought
they could let them have $2500
mire if necessary to tide the city
over until the taxes came in.
Aid. Johnston gave notice that
at the next meeting he would introduce a by-law to borrow money
from the bank.
Aid. Crompton introduced a dog
by-law which was given a first and
second reading. It provides for
the impounding and destruction of
homeless dogs, and that vicious
dogs must be chained up or muzzled,
I Aid. Robertson again brought up
! the post office matter, and quoted
I from a private letter from Mr
Clements, that it all depends on
1 Mr. Pare/, whether there is any
change iu the post office site.
I Mr. Clements is expected im town
shortly, and the whole thing will
be put up to him then, and settled
for all time.
Aid, Robertson brought up the
matter of fixing the bad holes in
front of the Presbyterian church,
and 011 the Cumberland road,
Aid. Leighton suggested that
the policeman and a wheel barrow
could fill the one in front of the
church in a few minutes, with
gravel from the pit opposite, This
evoked a long discussion, and finally it was decided to have the
Board of Works do the work at an
tesimated cost of $75, if the bank
reply is favorable,
Aid, Leighton said the bridge on
Isabel street would have to be
planked soon, and that the big
bridge was in bad shape, some of
the joists were rotten, and before
any extensile repairs were made an
examination should be made, and a
deputation wait on the Government
to see about having it replaced with
steel structure. In the meantime
the city will have the bridge tested
by a competent man.
Aid. McKenzie drew the attention of the Council to a number of
boxes etc. lying on the streets.
The Constable will see that they
are removed.
Aid. Cromptou wanted the council to take steps to have a harvest
excursion nm by the railroads from
here to the prairies this fall. There
are many idle men hereabouts who
should welcome the chance to help
take off the harvest.
Aid. Kirkwood said that as an
old prairie raucher he knew that
they depended upon the excursionists to assist with the harvest, and
owing to the fact that so manv men
had gone to the front it might be
difficult to secure harvest hands.
He thought it well to take the matter up with the Board of Trade.
The fire wardens have ordered a
number of fire buckets, and 3 35
foot ladders, and are on the lookout
for a fire engine and hose.
Aid. Kirkwood brought up the
matter of a phone for the constable's residence, and instanced a
small riot which occurred on Sunday morning, when the policeman
could uot   be   got.   The Utilities
committee was instructed to have
the phore put in, also to furnish a
cap, badge, and baton for the policeman
Court of Revision
On Monday, Mayor Kilpatrick,
Aids. Kirkwood, Leighton, Cromp
ton, aud Robertson sat as a Court
of Revision to hear complaints
against the assessment,
The first case called was that of
theC, P. Ry., Mr. Beasley contending that the railroad was exempt from taxation under an order-
in-coucil dated October 14. of last
year. Solicitor Dundas said that
there was nothing in the order to
show that the railway lauds iu the
city of Courteuay were exempt.
The matter was laid over for further
The next wai an appeal from
Rev. Mr. Lavcock, which was not
entertained as 110 one appeared for
the appellant, Mr. Holmes went
the same way.
N. H, Boden was wrongly assessed for lot 1. This was changed.
The appeal against over assessment
011 lots 28, 30, 31, and piece of
acreage, also improvements on lot
31 was laid over for furt: er consideration.
The case 1 of the Presbyterian
Church, G. F. Russel, Margaret
Millard, Comox Creamery, Wm,
Duncan, Philip Campbell. W,
Hodgson, and M. Parez were also
laid over. In the afternoon Mr.
Holmes appeared and in a lengthy
argument suggested the industries
should not be overtaxed, and that
the cit) should not have been incorporated.
Mr. Campbell said his house had
only cost $500. and was assessed at
$800. A carpenter will look at it
and value it.
Mr, J. McPhee appealed against
his assessment. One lot assessed
at $1400, ou the river, he had offered for $900, but could not secure
a buyer, Other lots which he had
bought by public tender for less
than $300 each 3 years ago when
times were at the best were now assessed at $1400 to $2200 each.
The slaughter house pi��ee of acreage was assessed at $400 an acre.
This was low lying land tnd could
not be used for anything but industrial sites and farming land was
altogether too high. Another piece
1 3-4 acres at $3100 per acre,
'How does that strike you ? asked
Mr. McPhee 130 acres for which
he had foolishly paid $150 au acre,
the Government assessed at $13,000
5 acres of flats by the river couldn't
be used for anything but farm laud
was assessed at $400 an acre, should
b.- assessed at $50. On the whole
of this property the Government
assessment had been $64,000, now
it was $81,000, Tbis was also laid
over for future consideration by th*
The Cemox Logging & Railway
Co,, appealed against their assess
ment of 15,000, two years ago the
Government had assessed them at
$4,650, As they did uot carry passengers or freight, the Co. thought
this was excessive. Thev had
spent a lot of money in the district
and were entitled to some consideration.
A Urquhart was assessed for
more land than he had, and also
thought that $400 an acre was
pretty steep, especially as his land
on the other side of the road was
only assessed at 100 an acre. This
was also laid over for future consideration.
General Blacksmith
COMOX       -       B. C.
Tvlt-pliontf M 92
Canadian Fairbauks-Morse Engines and Pumping Outfits
Horseshoeing and  Boat  Irons
a Specialty
Try o ir Bxce'slot Hoof
A Work Guaranteed
Comox Co-Operative Society Ltd,
Dealers in all kinds of Meats,
Butter, Eggs and Farmer's
Produce, Cooked Meats a
Specialty. We sell only the
best. Prices are always low
and satisfactory. W'u pay
best prices for produce
Phone No. 2
Buggies and Express Wagons
All Rigs Guaranteed ami Sold at the Lowest Possible Price
Blacksmith ard Carriage Builder
r m .        a   L0L0F  HANN1NG
LODDleStOne   and     ||    painter and Paperhanger
Septic Tank Work
All Work Guaranteed
I   A. Beveridge, Cowteuy Hotel
Firnt Clus* Ctirrmgo Painting at L.r.v CuhC
All Kinds of Furniture ttspaked and PmnuMl
I Work Guaranteed A Trial BuBuOad
Red Cross Society
A concert iu aid of the above
society will be held ou Friday,
June 18 in the Grantham school-
house at 8 p. tn. Ladies' are requested to bring refreshments. Entrance 25c, children 15c,
Extract for May from the me-
terological register at Little River,
Bertrand Vogel, observer.
Maximum 73.0
Minimum 35.5
Ratnfall (inches) 1.17
The school trustees proved themselves too sr>art for Messrs. Hodgson and Leighton ou Tuesday after-
l.oon. As soon as the in instigation
was over Mrs. McQuillan asked
their stenographer for her notes,
and kept them, absolutely refusing
to give them up even when demanded upon the advice of a lawyer.
This is apparently carrying things
ith a high haud.
Sand and Gravel
Rates Reasonable
Dyeing, Cleaning
and Pressing
Garments turned out IiKe new-
Alterations and repairs
of every description
OM Rank Uuit.liiijf
Phone 17 Courtenay
The Advance Agent of
Comfort and
For a limited time
Business or Residence Telephones
will be installed upon payment of
$5 Rental in advance
For Particulars
W. D. Denholm, Mgr.
B. C. Telephone Co., Limited THE   REVIEW.   COURTNEY.   B. C.
Cured Fifteen Years Ago
The call for wheat    | Simply Wonderful For Chest Colds
-  __#_ _   _ | The    Demand    For Breadstuffs Must
of Piles and Eczema       Soon be Enormo s
By Using Dr. Chase's Ointment���Certifies That the Cure
Was Permanent.
Makes 'Em Well Over Night
Smui^ people hav* trtdd no many
floe*tors .unl so many treatments in
tholr search far cure ror piles and
ecvomn thai they
iinti it difficult to
beiie\o thero 'h un
actual cure,
Tbo strong point
aboul Dr. Chuae'i
Ointment Ih thai it
nol only brings relief promptly, but
bring* aboul actual
���.ml lasting cure
I ii    18 0 7    M r    .�����
K e I 0 h o 8 0 11.   ss
Do uro street.   I-Vt-
eri'tin.', i>tu _ *x--u\.* Vi'ti'fn
every preparation I could h*nr of.
Seeing I"-. Chase's Ointment iuiver-
Used, I procured a box, and thia Glut-
mcni effected a complete cure."
i m Sept. 28, 191 *,, Mr. Ketcheson
wrote as follows: "I received n letter
from you to-day, saying Lhat you found
nn Mln n statement made by mo 15
years ago, 1 have always given Dr.
DmHe'a Olntmoni d good name ninro
ii .iiiTii ni", and shall tell you how f
rump to  hh-1  It,
���-i hnd suffered for mnny yearn from
eczema and plleB, and bail tried doctors uml everything I could hear of In
vain, Reading aboul Dr, ��'h ise'a ' Hutment, I purchased It al once, and waa iginf , ,
���oon completely cured, Thai was flf- I
teen years  ago,  s" there can   bo  no |
Recording     to   reliable   statistics,  vr  ti ;       f[.,lf Qn  fiiuVk   Tn Nerviline.   Although five times mure
he roan ii.mI up a    he present  tine AO Ml llff 1MII &0  ^UICK   IO powerfu, Ihall niosl (lMlllr IilliimMlLHi
tobul  two billion hush ia or whoat.l   grieve and Cure as Good ?et Nerviline has never yet burned oi
... .   ..��.      ...     ���             ; bltater.nl the tender altfn of even a
Old "Nerviline ciiiui.
  It's worth while to remember Iliut
Dou'l  lie awake   tonight   coughing wherever  lliere  is nn  ache  or  pala
your tliroal Bore ���don't'Tel yourcliesi Nerviline will cure It.
the production of the countries al
war. Tills is In iho vicinity of bain the
world's production of wheat. A recog-
nixed authority nrguea lhat, granting
thai tlie warring nations produce a
one-hall! i rop In the coming year.
dolllcll of one billion biiBhels will still  cold develop further   Hint's Ihe way      Try it on yonr Bore muscles, on a
be shown.   The tin ounlrlea upon   to coax on pnoumonla, .stiff joint, ou the worst possible case
which the Riling of this deficit rest i1'1 sensible, uud, ns thousands be- of rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica, or
aro Canada, the United States and fpre von have done, use Nerviline, it imnhago. These are allmentB Norvl-
\rgeutlna, The combined output of Bitre Is a bully fine thing to knock out | line |s guaranteed to cure mighty
these three countries Is only 1,249,000,-1 u cold or bail cough. quick,
000; their exportable surplus would,, After once using Norvlllne you'll Tlie mother of it large ..uuih cuu
of course, be much less, so ii enn ens-, swear by II for all time to come. save heaps of work nud  worry, can
Ily be s.M'ii thai the question la not You'll suy if. more llko a miracle cure little Ilia beftre thoy grow big,
one lo be readily noli d, and II be- than anything eUe to teel its warm I cun keep the whole family well by at-
hooves Canada lo Increase her pro- Boothlug action upon your tight chest- ways having Nerviline handy on the
ductlons as much as sho possibly can,     You'll be amused at the quick wny'shelf.    The large 50c  bottii  is tlie
ta follows:    'l wus        ,,...���,,���,, .nv doubt of tha euro being n permanent
troubled for thirty'""- K,,|< Hlieuji ,,,,,..   i have met a groat many poople
years wiih Helling iille^ nnd erjema,   ' who hava ben cured by Dr. Chaso's
ootild nol slenp at night, and when I Ointment."
ij.ii   warm   thu   Itching   wns   terrible. Mr.  Chase's  Ointment,   BO  cents a
tu lhe box, all dealers, or Edn
tried Co., Limited, Toronto.
for when the war Is over and Irado be-1II   cured  your cough nnd  bloke  up
itabllsh   itself,   anil lha  yonr hmi
it's safe
I tatlon the demand for all breadsluffs _____
must   )>e i norinous.
Child lo rub on
niosi economical, Trial sizo. 2Gc, nil
dealers, or The Catnrrhozone Co.,
Kingston, Canada,
in '-'nn covered my legs d
l<r -���������i,   pert ���������Hy  raw.     I   I
Storing' Coal in Water
Soldier's Queer Relic
A  Burgeon al   the front, iviiceiin
on tho strangeness of the liking whicli
mosl  people have for preserving nol Coal   lmmers��d   In  Water  Does  Not
only   bullets,   but   portions    of   their        Deteriorate as Rapidly as When
anatomy, which tbey have losl during Exoosed to the Allan operation, tells bow In one ense u      The ndv.uitn-.es of storing conl unproved very useful.   "A soldier was der wnter where deterioration 1s much
brought Into the ��� hospital the other ;,....,   ,������.,,,   |n the r.lr,   are appealing
day in a state ���i unconsciousness, nnd ,���,���,, iU���| moro strongly lo engineers, t    . ,
nobody could lell what wns the mat- K hng 1)(���.n generally recognized thai   Michigan
'"'' W1H' ''lm.   It might nave been u the glises concealed ln   the pores n
case    of cerebrospinal, for example. I]u, c0(ll .ox},goll    |��� particular   an
���   i  luckily  while going through bis rpBpongU)ie ,-,���. bolll heutlng uud de
l'se   Miller's   Worm   Powders   nnd I
Ihe ' battle   ngallisl   worms     is     won. |
son, Bates & i These   powders   correcl   the   morbid
conditions of the stomach which nourish worms, und Ihese destructive para-
Bites cuiinol  exist after Ihey i ome In
contacl wiih lhe medicine. The worms
ure digested by the powders und aro |
speedily evacuated wllh other refuse
from  ihe bowels.    Soundness is  im-
i parted to the organs nnd the health of
i the child steadily Improves.
1) e ni urrage C i i a rges
Central     Railroad   Mulcted
Witli  Heavy Fine For Failing to       i
Collect Charges
pockals thoy found n piece of pnrlent-
The idosi
ipervlslon exercised by
lerioiution, nnd tbelr   escape should  the Interstate Commerce Co Is
al bone,   lie hud evidently had it chip-   be prevented   us far as possible. Coal
pec off, or operated off, his head  nud   Versed in water is practically seal-
had kepi It. So they were able to duiR
nose the case as that of some pres.
of the skull on  lhe  bruin."
ver   lhe   I'nited   Stales   railroads   is I
immersed In water is practical!; peal- illustrated by the heavy line Imposed
..   ���!.���! i.i...  ..\ni   ntlon takes   place. | yesterday  by  the  federal  courts on
(he   Michigan  Central    Railroad  os
Mrs. McBachren Olencoe, (int.,
writes: "I have used Baby's Own Tub-
lets for the pasi eleven years for my
Children and have every reason to
praise them as they always do good."
Onee a mother uses ihe Tablets for
her lillle ones she will use no other
medicine. They ure absolutely safe,
pleasant lo take and never fail to regulate the bowels and stomach, They
are sold by medicine dealers or by
mail al Xi cents a box from The Dr.
Willinmgy Medicine Co., Brockvllle,
'Back to the Land"
There are now living in cities many
men with fair sized families who have
Experiments have shown that coal
kepi itiidi r wnter for Ihe space of
three years lost less than II per cent,
in Inefficiency, while supplies stacked
in the open often show a decrease in
value from
single year,
$24,000  l'or  falling lo collect demurrage charges from the National Fire-
proofing Company,    in  the case uf
t ihese demurrage charges the unfor-
���' to s per cent, lu a  tuuate railway is sometimes between
I"    tropical    c ttrlealthe devil and the deep sea;   for the
the decline is gn ater than in the tem- j shipper, particularly the large shipper,
pernio zones. , |s often slow in paying, whereas the
  I watchful    commission, suspecting a
Internally and Externally it is Good, concealed rebate, is ever threatening
The crowning properly ol Dr. punishment. A line Mich as the one
Thomas' Kclectric Oil is that il enn be j |uat imposed will probnhlv force the I
used internally for many complaints .railroads to insist on prompt collec-
as well as externally. For sore throat, tlons, and the Canadian Board of!
croup, whooping cough, pains in the Hallway Commisslone.s may follow
chest,     colic   and   many   kidred   all-   suit.    Shippers  who  have,  been  stor-!
11 ts    it has curative qualities that   |���s their goods on freight ears at the
are unsurpassed. A  bottle ol  it costs , railroad's expense will then no long-,
little and  there is no less 111 always   er he able to escape payment by put-1
 ""     ;" ll;lll'L ting up excuses or playing on the fact
lhal tbey are good customers of the
railroad. -I'ldih'rial from the Gazette,
March 26th, 1916,
Two  Stories
A Cuban telephone manager got a
vision  of  whnt  Christianity ought  to
Children particularly love the
delicious flavor of Cowan's
Perfection Cocoa, and its
healthful purity and nourishing food-value make it the
very best possible drink for
them. For their lunch or
at tea-time it is the very best
thing to give them.
id experience in truck farming, and   ���_e*}\ <\\ ll"' telephone business and
 ,1 roiVhouse und'sniall iol'.   I'''"'" hcudo|iui rters.    Hi,
who are paying
I .|, |\   i. in.;,   ,i nu
much us $200 per  ',flI'ei1  1"  "v,>I'-''llU'    <
ert'aisn""'or,i!"s'Doing' Wonders
s story and the I '-' _
An ei|iiully Kiiod home, with twenty
acres of land suitable for I ruck farming,   uiiglil he liad in the country ul
story of whnt happened In the life ofl
an  American  student   In  an  English
university "When the  Higher Critic-'
For Rheumatism
lower rental and be unite capabl '  '."  ml   H,ra>    wllt h.' {"M soon  In   WHAT     PETER    F.    PAT
yielding even larger net returns   for  tne Sunday School   limes, an inter- SAYs of DODD'S KID
the family than would the city occii-  national  religious    paper    published
patloni remarks a bulletin issued by l^'V, Ve,e,k a    "l::l   Wflnut    Btreet;
the Seed Branch, Ottawa.
45 Ifl 55 TESTIFY
To the Merit of Lydia E.Pink-
ham's Vegetable Compound during Change
of Life.
Westbrook, Me. ��� " I was passing
through the Change of Life and had
pain* in my back
and side and was so
weak I could hardly
do my housework.
1 hava taken Lydia
E. 1'inkham's Vegetable Compound and
it. ha.i done mo a lot
of good. 1 will recommend your medicine to my friends
Philadelphia,   Pa.    Wc  buve  learned,
from the management of that publlca-1 GasP�� Co- Man Gives Advice to All
Hon thai  a  three weeks' free trial of
their paper may be had upon request
(In post card) by any one interested
in the ltil.de. If you wish the issues
containing ihese two articles mention
this aunouncemenl and they will be
furnished as long as the supply lasts.
1   consider   MINARD'S   LINIMENT
the BEST Liniment In use.
I gol  my foot badly jammed lately.    I   bathed   it   well    with    MINARD'S  LINIMENT,    and    it  was  as
1 well as ever next  day.
Yours very trulv.
T.   O,   McMULUEN.
The Farm Hand's Wages
Who Want to be Cured of
Kidney Troubles
l-Ialdlmand, Gaspe Co., Que.���Special) "I have just opened the third
box- of Dodd's Kidi ey Pills nnd Iind
they are doing me wonders of good
for the Kidneys aud Rheumatism," so
says Mr, Peter If. Patterson, a well
known resident  of this place.
"My troubles came Ihrough a cold
ami strain," Mr. Patterson continues,
"and I suffered for many years. 1
had headache, backache and rheumatism, My sleep was broken and un-
refreshing. I had a bitter taste in
my mouth in the morning and I perspired freely with tlie slightest exertion. 1 was often dizzy: I was
troubled with heart Hutterlngs. I was
nervous and ray skin itched and burned nl  night.
"After ttsins' Dodd's Kidney Pills
I recommend theni to anyone who
wants lo lie cured"
Everyone of   Mr.    Patterson's ailments was it symptom of Kidney dls-
Catalogue FREE. Sold by bent d.al.rs.
Wm. REN NIE Co. Limited
394 Portage Avenue,  Winnipeg.   Also  at"
Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver
Should Vou Die Suddenly?
Keep the Roof over the Children's Head by a Policy la
OFFICES:    Winnipeg, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver,
Calgary,    Regina.     Agenls    Wanted.
,    She���But, if I can't live ou my in-
I come, and you can't  live    on yours,
where would be the advantage of our
' marrying?
whv   be   found   such
Vccordlng to a bulletin recently 13-1 prompt relief In Dodd's Kidney Pills,
sued by ibe Dominion   Census   and j They only cure Kidney disease.
statistics  branch, Ottawa, Ihe aver- ��� -��� .
nyn   wanes,  including  oourd.  paid  to j     rjr.  Burton and Dr. Gage were niiu-
t'aini  hands  In  Canada  during    lasthsters and trlends. Dr. Cage had been
summer were:    $35.65 for male and  lecturing on  Ills travels, and oue of
and give you permis-   $18-R] for female help. For the year ihls lectures   on Palestine���liad been
slon to publish my   Including  hoard,   the average  wages I thought  nol so    interesting    ns the,    nettlToiiKhtfullvl���Well bv nuttlne
testimonial." -Mrs. LAWRENCE Maii-    were JII23.30 for males nnd ?189.35 for   others.   On Hs second delivery mnny  onrlneomw together ona of us would
TIN, 12 King St., Westbrook, Maine.        females,  whilst   the average cost of 0f the auditors withdrew. Dr. Gage's 'beVbleTo llvo at m'v ?ate
Mm5h��� w, '    ���iHl<rt,M    ,   board per month works out to $14.27  house wus soon afterward entered by _ A��        '    '      an>
Manston, Ws.-   At the Change oi    ��������� males and $11.20 for females as  B burglar.    Dr. (law was Riving Dr   ���
Life I suffered with pains in rey back ��� compared with $12.49 and $9.58 in Burton an account of it. "Why doc-j
and loins until 1 could notstand.   I also    1910. j ������.,������ |le saui, "I had hlni down flat on
bad night-sweats so that the sheets Average wages per month In lull his back. I held blm there. Hei
would be wet. I tried other medicine ��('''' lowesl in Prince Edward Island, couldn't move an inch." "Good," said i
but got no relief. After taking one bot-    ?'*������ ?;-'','71  for "l"1''" i""1 ?lus 1'"1'   Burton,   "Now what a splendid oppor-
j females.    In the  Western  Provinces   tun il v that wns to have delivered to
they  were  for males $39.13  In  Muni-, him your lecture on  Palestine."
toba,   $40-51   In   Saskatchewan    ar _... w. 	
! J.26   iu   Alberta,   females   receiving j     Minard's     Llnlmant   Relieves   Neu-!  distress for a woman.    She may be growing from girlhuod into
iii Manitoba, $22. lit; in Saskat-1 ralgia, i womanhood���passing from womanhood to motherhood���orlater
An American lady called upon Ambassador Merrick in Paris last August
and gave him a piece of her mind. Sim
said: "Now look here; this war must
stop before the lirst of September, because Alary Anil bus simply ��ot io go
tie of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetables
Compound I began to improve and I
continued its use for six months. The
pains left me, the night-sweats and hot . $22
That Weak Back
accompanied by pain hero or there���extreme nervousness-
i   sleeplessness���may be faintspells���orspasms���altare signals of
flashes j;rew less, and in one year I was
a different woman. I know I have to
thank you for my continued good health
ever since." - Mrs. M. J. BltOWNELL,
Mansion, Wis.
The success of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, made from roots
and herbs, is unparalleled in such cases.
If ynu want special advice write to
Lydia V.. Pinkham Medicine Co. (confl>
dent Ini) Lynn, Mas*.   Your letter will
chi wan and $23.03 in Alberta.
When  llolloway's Corn Cure is np-i
piied  to  a  corn  or  wart   it  kills  lhe
roots     and   the  callosity  comes   out
without injury to the Mesh.
Two Lancashire boys were expatiating on the relative merits of their
fathers as musicians.
"My father is the greatest musician In the town," said one
suffering from that change into middle life which leaves so many
'���wi, , iu ii,.,t i-,,i ��� ,ii,,i,ii,,il In ),l-,ci- I  wrecks of women. Atany or all of thesepeviods of a woman's life
,V "".,.'.    ' ,.   .   ,,  ,,���   ._ .ot    she should take a tonic and nervine prescribed forjust such cases
mu net.     asked   t.ouuy,   as     ne     s,u ,   by a physician of vast experience in tho diseases of women.
with his mother in a train.
"Thai   is  u   Sister  of  Charily,   my I
boy,'' replied liis mother
Bobby pondered deeply  for a  mo-;
ment.  and   then   he  said:    'Which   is
site, mother, Faith or Hope?"
Favorite Prescription
the  other said, "when    my
be opened", read nnd answered by a I father starts every man stops work."
'Hows   that?"     said     the     other.
Woman, and held iu strict confidence.
VV- N. U. 105C
"What does he do?"
"lie blows the whistle fo;
at the mill."
men is ito
Little Mlnkley had    talked  for anl
hour on tlie subject of evolution
"And,  now,  my  dear Miss  Blister-
ton,  do  you    believe  ln   the  missing'
link?" lie said, tn conclusion.
"Ves. I do now." replied the fair
maiden: "tli.nigh I didn't until I
saw you."
has successfully treated more cases in past forty years than any other known remedy. It
can now be had in sugar-coated, tablet form as well as in the liquid. Sold hy meoicino
dealers or trial box by mail on receipt of 60 cents in stamps. -i
Miss Elizabeth LorHahl of Berkeley, Cut., in a recent letter to Dr. Pierce said: "I was completely
broken down in health.! was uchtnpriuidiiailpalnafilloverniy body and was so nervous that I could scream
if anyone talked to mc, but I hnd ihe good fortune to meet a nurse who had betn cured by Dr.Plerca's
Prescription.  1 have never had on occasion to consult a physician aioce���am In excellent health."
Dr. Plerca'a Pleasant Ptjllets regulate stomach,
liver and bowel*-sugar-coated, tiny grannies THE   REVIEW.   COURTNEY,   B. C.
In Times of National Peril, Personal  Preferences Should Give
Way to National Needs, and Those who arc not Helping
Our Country Abroad, Should Help Here
Apparently lliere nro some persons Indemnity that would hnve pluced a
In Canada who do noi understand the mortgage on every home and every
nature nnd object of ihe campaign farm In Canada'.' We owe it lo our
uow lieing carried on, through eon- children to show our gratitude by preferences and tlie press, looking to ,u,dng more for Belgium anil for
ti renter- food production, We might be1 France and for our empire,
tempted to suggest that they could be xhlrtlly, we have our duly to Call-
doing better It they would try to iiii
dersiand lhe nature of the campaign,
and the reasons for It before rushing
in to eriin izc il or condemn it. lu u
lime ol' national peril, when true con-
iulu. Shall we continue us a nation'.'
We have borrowed nearly three billion dollars lo build our railroads, our
canals nnd our harbors, to carry on
mr governmental   undertakings,   to
cepiion ol citizenship lends men lo , t,,|���il) om. (l|1|(.s k) conslnlc, ���,���.
ny to do ihelr best for lliolr ooiuitty, greal mdustPial planlf. This couutry
the leant that nilg.it   bo oxpecte.d lo | ls ,ilie a nmm,r wl)Q ,1JS ,������.,,,���.,.;,
the thoiisniid dollars from  the hunt
thnl, those who are doing noluUlt! be
jomi following their ordinary vocu-
lioiis, mid who are tiutouclied by, or
aro indllTerent lo, the war conditions,
should at least not hamper llioae who
are trying in do somethiug, oven I [,������[
thiiiiglt it may not he the besl or in ac-'
eordaiico wllh others' views. Per-
Imps in lime, us tli. war and its nwful effects come nearer and nearer
to   us,   we  shall   llnd  ull     llie  people
striving to contribute something, ov< n
If In  llieir ell'ort  mistakes    nm)   be
to   improve   his   property,     Suddenly
thc call come., io iiicei the obligation. What Is to 'c done'.' We must
raise the mouey, or we are bank-
Canada bus the resources which
must, he called ou now to produce
more." The mosl productive resource
is lhe farm, and now the national
appeal is for the farms of Canada
lo increase production, so tli tit our
a pons .Bhail be Ini reased to meet our
, obligations in the foreign markets,
made. In limes ol national peril per- pftrticularly in Kngland. II Is a national preferences should give way to tlonft, problem, ���u, merely a farmers'
national needs. I hose who go lo the problemi u ,,,,, be met lt .,��� lhe opei,.
rout have their duty clearly denned, aUl torces wl��� co.0pernt0. He,ter
iu the trenches. 1'liey can turn back h,.anlp01.tatlon facilities are called
to us, and say, "What ore you at home torj ,���,���.,, ,,Rricuiii,ral credit is need-
doing to help us/ We have lell be- ea moro ,.l|l01. w,��� b(, of great he)
hind a place I , be idled, a woi . to be i .,,he ,,am.oada liml steamship com-
done. Do your duly there as we ate nk,R must ,lut |iamper by increas-
trying to do our duty here. lng ra|        ���le  ban|(g  B,)ouU1  ,lm]el.
And what is the duty, of those ot sland th.lt in tllis Bpeoi���, ,,.,,, thev
us who do not go to the front Clear- have ., fluly t0 perform. th0 lmvns
ly and unmistakably It Is that o in- and clties slloult] M]) l() distribute
erensing as much as possible the food  th    surplus labor.    Unless all these
an      ...i,..,,.,.,. mi       i'..i>      ll...      i.iuiore A ti /I   < ��� .. .....
so necessary l'or the empire. And
why: First and foremost, for patriotic
.reasons. The empire lias told us that
she needs all the food that we ean
produce. Home people question lhe
advisability or Ihe necessity of this
line of appeal. The man that ean
see no patriotism in production when
istenee is himseli most iu need
ol patriotic stimulation. What Canada
needs most ot all today is patriotic
enthusiasm. Tlie man who feels, when
be is holding lhe plow und sowing liis
seed and reaping his wheat, that he is
doing it not merely for himself but
also for his brother Canadian who is
risking life in the trenches or in the
bayonet charge will do it with lighter
heart God help Canada il' this year
all the grain is grown and all the
stock is produced ai.d fed merely for
personal tain or tlie dull force of
necessity. Are the farmers of different
blood from other people'.' Sentiment,
enthusiasm, loyalty, patriotism���do
these mean nothing to them? 1 am
prepared to bank the future of Canada on lhe true loyalty and patriotism ot the farmers: if they did not
have lt our future would not be worth
much. And lhat patriotism can be
Secondly, we base our appeal on
gratitude. When over seven million
people sacrifice their farms, tlieir factories and their people, for freedom,
for liberty, for humanity, for us, there
should he no hesitation In our res-
sponse, All history, sacred or profane,
shows no parallel. We are enjoying
comfort and safety because brave lit
tie Belgium stood up as a people to
withstand the oncoming rush ot Prussian militarism that aimed to ol'usil
Ihe liberty and safety of France and
the British empire. Consider what
might have happened if Belgium also
had eonsid.'n d as "a scrap of paper"
the treaty that Britain guaranteed
After relying on the strength of that
treaty and prospering because of it
for nearly eighty years, it is sudden-
Iv lorn to fragments. What does it
mean to us? A people as numerous
as Canadians will stand by It and sacrifice themselves for it. Have we no
gratitude that we are not reduced to
a German colony or forced to pay an
organizations realize that this is a
national question calling for hearty
co-operation we shall not meet fully
the empire's call.
Finally, there is the duty of the individual to himself. Increased production means more for everyone who
meets this call, more for himself and
his family. And this applies to the
city and town man���the man with the
backyard and the vacant lot. Cupro-
duclng land in town and city will this
year show a lack of patriotism. Any
town or city in Canada that this year
bus unproductive land with idle workers will be guilty of a national crime.
Three propositions have been put
up to tlie farmers of Canada in th'i
government campaign:
1. Grow staple "ops. such as can
be stored and transported. There will
be a special demand tor wheat, oats,
peas, beans and (lax
2. Increase production per acre
rather than increase acreage- Better
cultivation and tlie best seed will
double or treble the yield under favorable weather conditions.
3. Particular attention should be
given lo live stock. The war put up
the price of cereals more than the
price of meats���but there is coming
a world shortage of meats, lt was in
sight before the war. Out of the
great cattle countries in only one
have the cattle kept pace with tlie
The meat consumption by Canadians is double that of the French and
fifty per cent, more than that of the
British. With high prices coming it
will be well for the people of tills
country to cut down somewhat their
meat allowance and to more fruit and
vegetables. It may be that this war
will result ln Canadians learning
how to grow vegetables and how- to
cook and eat them. The health of the
people will be thereby improved.
One of tlie noteworthy characteristics of this campaign of Patriotism and
Production is that, while the needs of
the empire are being served, the
health and wealth of our people will
also he conserved and Increased.���-
C. C- .lames. C.M.G., Commissioner of
Agriculture, in Credit .Men's Journal.
I Spend a Dollar a Month on Canadian!
Goods and  Help Pay Canada's       |
Wha, can be doub to improve Can-
| uihi's financial position and make the
balance of   trade mere favorable to
Canada Is a borrowing country. Her
Imports have exceeded hor exports by
a very huge amount l'or many years,
and this adverse irade balance Is an
accumulating debt which must sooner
o' later lie paid- The "Made iu Canada" movement has up to the present resulted in litlle but talk, because
none of us act In line with our
preaching. Instead ot it being anybody's business, it uughi to lie everybody's business, and what is everybody's business must he each body's
business or ll becomes nobody's business.
About Ilve million dollars of footwear, cloth, rubber and leather, Is Imported by Canada every year. There
is coinpetltlon'nmong Canadian manufacturers, which Insures fair treatment to the consumer, and there is no
reason why every man, woman and
child iu Canada should not bu able
to get. Canada-made shoes. This ls one
example of man;.
Canada last year Imported eleven
million dollars' worth of green vegetables and ���fruit��� much of (his quite
"imecessary -and it Is one of the
signs of tlie extravagance, selllsh indulgence and ostentatious display of
which tlie abnormal prosperity Cauada enjoyed for a period was tlie
We have a population of eight millions iu Canada. One dollar per
onlh per capita spent on Canadian
products that ia now spe it on goods
made abroad would mean an addition
of, roughly, one hundred . 'ilion dollars to Canadian trade, of -which
porbably twenty-five million dollars
would be speut in wages. Such an addition to tho wages now paid in Canada would mean something In the reduction of unemployment and in the
maintenance of a fair standard of pay
for tlie working classes. It is of far
'i.ore importance to Ihe wage-earners
Iheinselves than i. is to our manufacturers that the "Made lu Canada"
i movement should take practical and
permanent form.
War in Kurope may lead to Can-
| adinns learning more about their own
I country and ils holiday resorts. Not a
single dollar that can possibly be kept
in Canada should be allowed to escape, and the thought I would like to
impress is that it should be the business of each and every Canadian to
act in line*with the "Made in Canada"
movement and, ln so far as our Influence may extend, to see that, others
act in like manner.
It the leaders of Ihe trades and
labor unions would turn their atten
lion to (he ".Made in Canada" movement and encourage their members to
give it strong support, thj desire lo
purchase home-made goods would
take firmer hold of the people of the
country and hundreds of thousands
of dollars would be kept In Canada
and paid in wages to Canadian workmen which now go to help the mechanics and laborers of foreign countries-
Tlie worltlngmen of Canada owe it
to themselves to extend this movement by a campaign of education and
publicity that will make itself felt in
every home in the land.
The Canadian manufacturer, on his
part, should see that the goods he
turns out. are tlie hest he can possibly make. This is his patriotic-duty
as well as good business.���.1. W.
Woods, President, of the Toronto
Board of Trade, in Credit Men's Journal.
i Belgian Government Asserts thai
Country was not Forfeited
the  Neutrality  of the  Ruined
Before the Commencement
of the War, as Has Been Alleged by the Germans
The Belgian government has Issued
a protest against the German allegation that documents round in tlie
archives at Brussels showed that Belgium had forfeited her neutrality before lhe outbreak of the war. After recounting the conversations which
took between the British and Belgian
military officers lu 11)06 and Jul:!,
which, as previously stated by Sir Kdward Grey, the British fori i.-. minister, liad "reference only in the situa-
lion that would be created If Belgian
neutrality had already been violated,"
the  Belgian  protest says:
"The Belgian government declares
on ils honor that    not   only was no j
convention ever made,    ,,ut also that
neither of tbe two governments everl
made  any  advances or    propostlons
concerning the conclusion of any such
convention.    Moreover,    (lie minister
of Great  Britain     at    Brussels,  who .
alone could contract  engagements  in
her behalf, never Intervened in tliese |
conversations, and the whole Belgian
ministry   are   ready   to   pledge   them- i
selves  on  oatli  th.it  uo    conclusio i I
arising from these conversations was I
ever brought  before  the cnblnet   ir
even laid before one single member
of It.
"Tiie demands which !iie Q#r-
mauds discovered give evidea : uf aii
tills.   Their   meaning   is perteotly
clear, provided that no part of theni
is either garbled or suppressed. In
face of the calumnies repeated again
and again our governmeni, faithfully
reflecting Belgian uprightness, considers that it is its duty to inflict
once more on tlie spoiler of Belgium
the brand of infamy, his only legiti
male reward.
"II also takes the opportunity of
declaring in answer to allegations,
whose malevolence    is obvious, that:
���First���Before Die declaration ct
war, no French fo've, even ut tee
smallest size, had entered Belgium,
and no trustworthy evidence .-an be
produced to contradict this affirmation.
"Second Not only did Belgium
refuse the offer of military help offered by one of ihe guaranteeing
powers, but afler tin declaration ot
war she earnestly solicited the protection of lier guarantors,
The German "Goose" Step
iairt To Be a Fine Exercis.-, and Will
Strengthen the Muscles of the
If there is one tiling In particular
that distinguishes the German army
from all others, i'. is llle goose step
--llie ceremonious "high kicking"
ftep so impressively employed by lhe
German regiments In marching past
king or kaiser or other potentate.
The goose step is accomplished by
keeping the knee stiff and by lifting
thc leg in a kind of kick as high as
possible. To see great lines of infantry employing the goose step, to see
them, with erect body and drawn-in
stomach and toe pointed outward at
Ihe same angle, lift each leg high and
stiff, (hen bring it thunderously down
upon the ground���well, that is a striking spectacle.
Tne goose-step, furthermore, is a
fine exercise. Military critics declare
that a half hour of it will strengthen
the muscles of leg and abdomen as
much as a full day's marching.
On this account, since the war's
outbreak has brought tiie goose step
into prominence, a great many gym-
maiiiums have inaugurated goose-step
olasscs under the supervision of ex-
officers of the army.
It is claimed that with ten or
twelve minutes of goose stepping a day
a fat. man or woman will reduce the
waist measure an Inch or more a
week. The goose step make.; the leg
T��ry supple and shapely.
Great Science Paper
Young    French    Savant    Does Great
Service   While   Shells  Are
What is described as .. "highly
scientific opuscule on the parasite Infusoria of cephalopoda" has been
written in llie trenches hy a young
savant named Colin and read at the
Academy of Sciences. Colin was investigating tills abstruse subject
when the war broke out Ile was in
the thick of battle near Notre Dame
de l.orette when, according to a letter he has written to a fellow-investigator, he had a feeling lhat he
probably would be killed. Colin therefore look advantage of a few hours'
respite when his company was relieved to complete tlie final chapter
and hand it to a comrade for transmission to tlie Academy of Science.
This unparalleled scientific achievement was accomplished while shells
were bursting amidst the second line
of trendies.
It must not be forgotten that submarines are vulnerable types of warship, extra hazardous to navigate,
easily sunk in collision, and by no
means attractive to the enlisted man,
who prefers a stauncher home afloat
and the fresh air of the blue tumbling
water to a cluttered up, contracted
deep sea machine shop packed 'with
explosives, that fills its lungs and
those of its crew by artificial meani.
���New Vork Sun.
Cheers Supplant Jeers
Suffragette Leader Gets Loud Praise
as a  Popular War Orator
'Patriotic fervor draws thunderous cheers in place of old-time jeers,"
is the way a London newspaper heads
an article on Mrs. I'ankhurst as a
popular war orator. The paper itself
is violently null-suffragette, but honors the war truce which tlie suffragettes announced at the beginning or
the war.
lt was only a year ago when .-.
."������peech by Mrs. Pankhurst was a signal for a riot, if allowed to proceed
at all. Now she is described by a reporter In these words: "A graceful,
dignified figure the suffrage leader
makes as sbe faces the audience,
Over a becoming black dress she
wears a black lace shawl: suspended
from a thin gold chain is a lorgnette
which she does not use. Tlie i'nion
Jack centred across a curtain of
green forms the stage background."
Her women followers still send up
floral offerings to the stage, says the
reporter. In speaking, .Mrs. Pank-
hurst carefully avoids passion and Invective, but. she presents her points
clearly and tellingly and witli conviction- At tlie finish of her speech,
;onng suffragettes sell postcard
souvenirs for a patriotic fund.
Where the Fit Survived
The i^iand. of Lewis, where practically Ihe entire male population has
volunieerei for active service, holds
a proud record for military prowess,
and furnishes the finest recruits for
the Highland regiments. A practice,
approved by Plato, formerly prevailed here of putting lo death by exposure all weakly or deformed children,
and lt is said hy the most credible
historians (hal this custom continued
until "modern times." As a result, the
inhabitants arc far superior In physique to other Highlanders, and con-i
sumption was quite unknown until j
recently reintroduced by sickly Southrons���London Chronicle. I
The Crazy Kaiser
Progress    of    the  Last  Thirty-Three
Years  Lier  In the  Dirt of the
Gladiatorial Arena
"If anyone asks, 'Who lilted the lid
otr or Hell?' let ibe truthful answer
he,   'William   llolu-nzollern.'"
That is the text of one of lho most
remarkable war pamphlets whicli
have yet been Issued, and which has
emanated from the pen ot Air. Elbert
Hubbard, New Vork, who addresses a
number of home truths to the kaiser,
after tersely remarking, Hell was
made in Germany."
if you will examine the present
European wnr situation carefully, according to Mr. Ilubbiru. you will Iind
it. stamped and stencilled "Made iu
The charitable view is ip assume
that the war lord is a subject for Ihe
pathologist and the alienist- lie is a
warrior Hist and for ever.
Bill  Kaiser lias a shrunken    soul,
and a mind that reeks with egomania.
lie    Ib a mastoid degenerate ot a
noble grandmother.
We are told lhat tlie kaiser kepi lhe
peace for forty-three years. True���
just waiting for Ihis stroke at world
Some of Mr. Hubbard's general observations on the war for which the
kaiser is responsible are pithy gems,
and, although they will : ot be palatable to Germans eu.'s, seem to hit Hie
mark every time.
War, runs one of them, as a corrective for Industrial   jealousy, would be
like  making  love   with  a  bludgeon,
managing a kindergarten with a whip, I
or introducing faith, hope aud charity j
wiih the aid of thumbscrews.
The one intent of modern commerce
is to bestow a benefit. The one intent ,
of war is to intimidate, cripple, maim,
and destroy. Commerce stands for
help and happiness, war symbols suffering and disease.
War destroys your market, limits j
your territory, lessens your prospect.
All the porgress o[ the last, thirty-1
three years lies    a jumbled, tumbled j
mass of fears and tears, in the dust j
and dirt of Hie gladiatorial arena-
Nero,   the fiddling   fiend, wiih his I
carelessness in the use of lire, never ]
burned properly In all his pestilent ;il :
career   worth one-half that destroyed
when the kaiser's troop.; applied Hie
torch to storied l.ouvain.
Bill thinks he is a Superman, but
some day the devil will explain to him
that lie is only a supernumerary.
The crazy kaiser will not win. The
Wisdom of the world backs the allies,
and St. Helena awaits.    It must lie so.
look it that the first imperial eouftr-
euce following a peace settlement
would bu a historical event and !.-:
hoped the ables. statesmen ui' tie
empire would be able lo find * sol
tion of lhe  problem.
The Parasite
For Empire Federation
Sir    George    Perlev   Says  Dominions
and Motherland Must Get Closer
In a recent speech at the lloyal
Colonial Institute, London, Sir George
Perley said:
"Tlie empire is a live thing. We
feel it to be so more than the ordinary English citizen because we have
been talking of it for years."
Sir George defines his idea of Canada's relation to the empire in the
present crisis, pointing out thai the
Dominion joined the war as a firm believer in the democratic ystem which
is at stake. "But while Canada was
happy to act as it had done last
August no one would say that the
present relationship of the different
parts of the empire could possibly he
permanent. While believing Britain
would remain one of the greatest civilizing forces Hie weld had ever seen,
one axiom of nature was lhal nothing
stood still. We have come to a place
where it seems to nie we must get
closer together- Otherwise, according
to the laws of nature, we must look
forward to a time when we shall
gradually  drift  apart."      , ,
In the country whicn he represented It would be, impossible lo stand on
a platform and say thai Canada should
do always what she is doing now
without knowing and previously discussing the questions at issue; but he
Governor of California  uescnees tha
Character   of   Liquor   Business
i     Lieul.-Governor Wallace of Califor
ula who declared that lie was oppose.I
to the liquor business because   :   ..,.
I "a parasite and an economic wast:,'
backs up his Statement as follows:
i    "Business may be Intricate, but its
i lirst principles are  simple,    lt.  is tn
i exchagne of commodities.   it is buj
j Ing and selling, and there must, be an
I advantage of gain In the barter. For
'continued  commerce  tlie gain    moat
I extend  to  both  parties to tiie  'runs
action. If the resultant advantage
a business dea! Insures to the benefit
| ot one party only, there is an economic  defect.    The   buyer  must   beneSt
j by his purchase as truly as the se.kr
' by his sale.
"In large matters the Importing
| country is a gainer as truly- as r.ie
exporting country. It is "so with
small matters. The buyer gets tmta
Hie grocer Hour, from Hie hardiva-u
man nails, from the lumber man lumber, and iu each case the buyer anl
seller are benefitted. The same buyer
goes to the saloon to get wine or beer
or whisky. The dealer makes a protlt
on the goods sold. But there is a
break in our business principles. The
buyer makes no gain. He parts with
his share of the barter, and gets nothing valuable in return. Ar every-
other counter tberj was gain on botn
sides; here the gain is on one aide
only. Tlie transaction limps; it is
false to business principles. It represents economic waste- I; must
"lt remains eternally true that
business to be legitimate must produce gain to both parties dealing.
"The economic waste becomes a
multiplied factor wheu the argument
is extended to liquor's effect ou the
purchaser who consumes it.
"The liquor traffic is a parasite.
Any business bloctl that it has is
sucked from tlie vigorous body of
healthful business. It contributes nothing, but draws heavily. If traffic
iu lumber, groceries, dry goods and
other legitimate business gave no
more value than liquor gives, and jet
received as these lines of business do.
and as liquor does, all business would
collapse. The quid pro quo would be
icktng. If a town or city prospers
where traffic in liquor is allowed, its
prosperity is less than it should be by
just so much as liquor takes. It give's
nothing, nnd what it takes Is so much
substracted from the general gain. It
is a parasite, a leach. Prosperity may
continue, but it carries a needless bur-
d--n. A ten-mule team may haul a
heavy load up a hill, even ihoug.i
there may be one span on die rear end
pulling back. Unhitch the pull-back
team and the load will mov forward
easily. Unhitch the liquor drag and
you accelerate the movement of legitimate business."  ���
Germany has invented a cheap
short range torpedo for use against
transports and other unarmed ships.
Il has range of from 1,000 to 1,500
yards and instead of carrying 250 to
300 pounds of gun cotton takes but
ini pounds, or less, and needs but
simple mechanism.
Seventeen out of nineteen parishes
ou the Welsh border has voted not
to be included !n tin. Welsh church
disendownment scheme when ihe
same goes into effect, tu the surprise
of those who imagined that Wales
was universality in favor of it.
Big Carriers
Two small isthmian railways���tlie
Panama railway, forty miles in length,
and the Teh nan tepee railway, 190
miles long- carried in 19i:t $120,{iit',-
000 worth of merchandise. THE COURTENAY REVIEW
Patriotic Service Committee
To the Chairman and Members
of th-j Courtenay Patriotic
Service Committee;
The following comprises the
accounts and a short summary of
the past nine months work.
today, rather over $100 a month
is coming into the district from
the Canadian Fund to which this
district has not contributed so
far as is known. It is for the
committee to decide what steps
they will take in these circumstances.
AMBULANCE   Classes for
To material pnrohaaed for Red Cross * ''���!�����;'men and women  were held as a
" Am ulnftcc Sundries Hi 10 ... .
'* lUlit-f in i-in-li in d older
ell -ten
und p:t\ ment f,,r work
���.".������. '25
*' Postage Hm! Fre'aht on i
i reels
13   1
" Advertising, stationery and bunks
S 08
" I ..l��.���-f
144 IU
��I7   S
]t\- It. R Fenn
II - on
���' 0. Altsrhu cr
���' Uargouil A��h
20  0
���' T   S. Mitchell
10 0
" K. IU,uri e
20 00
" IVr C   A. Martin,  Comt
\ enter-
ill! aU
" Alex  Cnpihart
5  0
" Per tl. 11.  Feolmer, Ci
t-2 0v
*' Proceeds nt Male in stere.
H. Mc-
l'lu'i- and .1. Ifelson
18 5
���' W. K. Robb
50 00
'��� " o,.r \|Hi (t  Piorev, subai
3   t
" Per li S, Fein
3 0J
'��� Per W. tiunean
'��� Auonvmoua
" Side ef .hon, auction sale
24 30
" Ambulance Fee* retd.
10 95
1470 8'
We have examined tho  al
ivo acco
ut, uue
certify t'.t its correctness.
F. Boswortli.
F. C.
RELIEF���There was very little
response in the shape of money
and there seemed to be a general
feelin"' against pressing too hard
the appeal for subscriptions,
having regard to the prevailing
stringent conditions. It was
therefore necessary to make the
money go as far as possible. It
was clearly impossible with the
amount of money at disposal to
make continuous allowances, either to dependants on those who
had gone to the front or to local
cases of destitution. The regular
support of the former had to be
left to the Canadian Patriotic
Fund ofj the later and to Government Relief. The relief
given has therefore been of three
(c) Help to those dependent
on men servintr at the front, in
cases where from one cause or an
other the receipt of the separation allowance of the amount from
tlie Canadian Fund has beer, delayed. This has taken the form
of orders on the stores as well as
help in other directions.
(b) Relief to cases of local
distress pending their being able
to obtain government relief. This
also has been given in the form
of orders on stores.
(a) A payment of $199.25 for
work done at 25c per hour on
the Agricultural Hall. It is be-
believed that this gave considerable amount of relief (on a productive basis) at a time when it
was urgently needed. It was to
be hoped that the Canadian Patriotic Fund would have found
some direct support from the
neighbourhood. It is understood
however, that so far as the Victoria Branch is concerned, no
support has been given from
Courtenay.   The result   is that
result of  which seven  men and
five women obtained certificates,
quantity of clothes was collected,
packed and sent to the Belgian
Vice Consul at Victoria, together
with a sum of $182.90 and a very
'���ordial letter of thanks received
ind published.
Parcels of these were sent to the
Expeditionery Force, care of the
General Post Office, London, as
directed by the regulations, and
pleasant letters of thanks from
the front received. These were
published in the local press.
ol Militia.    This was subsequently done
but owing to the shortage of   equipment
ami the general strain on the Militia department, the latter could take no  steps'
nor register any rifle associations.    This
necessarily brought matters to an end,
although it is to  be  regretted   that   the j
chance of providing a form  ol  training
which would, it is believed,   have  been
taken advantage of by many who otherwise get none, lind to be abandoned.
The (mul, small as it is, has been put
to many uses and efforts have been made
to make it go as (ar   as   possible.    Personal help has also been given by   those
responsible   in   several   directions,   lor
example, taking   up   tlie   fur   resevtsts
wives the question of delay ill allowances
'the Secretary has more tban once
brought up the question of a stronger appeal for funds and ventures once more
in snggest that a district which is uo
worse off, and probably better off than
must should not (all so (ar behind oth rs
in this respect Au effort should be
made to send to the Canadian Patriotic
Fund at least as much as thit (und sends
to the district,
11. S, Pknn, Hon.  Sec.
Services at St Peter's Church,
Comox, on Sunday next; Mattins
anil Holy Communion at n a, m.,
and evensong at 7.30 p. 111. On
Sunday, June 20, there will be a
military church parade at 11 o'clock
at   which   the   Veil.    Archdeacon
Local Lines
See the full selection of War
Spoons at Hornby's, 25c each. I
For Sale���Little Pigi $3.50, R.
M. Stewart, Comox, phone X82. 8
Good clean shack for rent. $2
per month. Apply Box 7, Review
Early and late Savoy Cabbage
Plants, also cauliflower plants for
sale at R. 1'erris' Greenhouse, Lake
Trail road.
For Sale ���8 newly freshened
milch cows, mostly Jersey's Apply
to A. McNeil, Craigs Crossing,
Nauoose District
Siwing���J. Anderson, Denman
Island, would like work bv day or
week. Suits and dressmaking in
all its branches,    Work guaranteed
Winning White Wyantlottes,
My pen of 6 birds that won thc
last contest averaged 221 eggs each
iu 12 months. Kor Price list of
hatching eggs, etc. write E. D.
Read. Duncan.
RED  CROSS   The   local contributions to the Red Cross were j Scnven will preach.
at first sent to the Canadian Red , churcVof Vifglaud ��
Cross Society at their Vancouver ciui, i00^. p)ace on
branch, but subsequently   to the, afternoon, on Dr. Beadnell's lawn. I
Victoria   branch    wVipn that was '    '"le wnoert ��'��' ll"",'e in "'' "f tlie ,''''1
VIClOlia   Uiancn    wnen mat was   or,)������1���.i(,tvwa,,jm|eedagreat micaeaa. while
Opened.     The material   has been I I'omox in web represented at lhe front.    'J'ho
... ,       ���   , 1       ,.      , .   wa,. tH of 'hose at the front wim well advocated !
paid for  out  ot the fund, and J tast niuht.
mnrlo nn V>v l-rl'pa nf thp district i    We  ��reindeed  indebted lo   Mr. and Mib.
maae up Dy u a es 01 tne aisu ict M|irtin (if tlie Klk hoM wlio       lbe mt nf
who have done a great  deal of I the halt ami furnished the mnsTo. This is not!
. . the fir.t time Mr Murtin Ii.ih kindly(jlven tbo
USetul Work.     1 he linen Collection | u��enf the hal ami his    ervl.es at  tlie same
tine 1 wnult Ie a great injustice tn the
h si eiits of the distri t tn Ollll any name-cf
tlm.-e who kindly cave their pervlces to such
a noble cume, Mr. Percy Smith a ly ac-
c -n):anied Mr. an Mm M.. tin .-n the c r-
net The time ami attention given to the
children in training them for tiie concert was
good packing1 and generally satis-1��,r',��,t; "'^'.i1'tj 'T!"��' Aachen, Misses
T ���   . , reattie rnd Wilson, of whom we onnotsptak
factory nature ot their work.   A to ��� highly and thank too much,  'i he i h n-
,   j        j.    ...        j-  ,   ���   , ai    I man. (lev. Kraukln-Watson   opined the con-
lady   Of     the   district     recently | ������t ���.jih on approbate addressland favoured
spent a week working at the Vic- '��� theaudi nee with t..o patriotic >ong., which
r 7 .... were well received     i
For Stile- One 6 h, p- Fairkanks
Morse C.tis Engine, one   3   k.    w.
Dynamo switch board,   etc-,   also
pump and   belling,    Capacity   12
gallons   per   minute.   Apply   at
i Riverside hotel,
St.   Peter's      ...     ...... ���  .
I awn Tennis1 Bicycle Bargains-Scores of simp
' Wednesdav sol't'd a"d second hand bicycles and
'' motorcycles are offered at snap
prices during our great clearance
S'le, Write for particulars.
Plimley's Cycle Works. Victoria.
was a marked success and the
ladies of the Victoria branch are
particularly grateful to this district for the careful attention to
Colonial Fng'is'iman, middle
aged, tetotaler, many years practical experience, including dairying,
agriclilture, poultry, wants management small farm. Salary not
required. Prefers to work on share
profits. Apply "Practical" Review office.
Tenders will be received by the
undersigned up to Saturday, June
12, at 12 e'e'ock, for two wagons,
hcr.e, harness am��� one auto  (col-
* were well received     I lie sung  sung by  Mtv*. . ���    *     -      .       .
tona branch and   it  IS   probable I H. Mo ne, ao ompanled by the buya iii mill-   lectively or separately)    further lll-
that the information she was able
to bring back may give a new
impetus to the work,
The committee bad nothing to do with
recruiting for the district but hoped to
give some encouragement in this directors (amongst those who would not have
taken uny interest In it) by organizing
local training. Drills were started but
it was clear'y impossible to continue
theni through the winter, without an
adequate ball, whicli was not available,
lt occurred to the Secretary that if what
was done locally formed part of a larger
scheme in which the element of competition was introduced, there would be
much more chance of interest being sustained. A suggestion was therefore put
into shape, .inilcr which throughout Vancouver Islanl Rifle Associations should
be lornled with miniature ranges of
identical type equipped with the same
kind of rilles. aud that the associations
should be superintended by a strong
central council at Victoria, and that
competitions between various associations
should be held weekly and published ill
tlie press the same way as the results o(
baseball or any olher kind of sport. In
connection with this it was suggested
that the Militia department should assist
the institution of musketry instruction
on the various range which exists on
the Island, such as that on the Spit at
Comox, provide rifle instruction, and
that competlton on these ranges should
be held al certain intervals. Under tbe
Militia Act the members of their associations could have been available in times
o( emergency as part of tbe official forces of the country, and at all times the
spirit produced would have encouraged
recruiting. This suggestion was submitted to the premier of the Province, at
who's request a memorandum was prepared in order that he might take the
matter up with the  Dominion  Minister
Insurance Company Limited, of London, England
Fire and Accident
Assets Exceed
Punils Invested iu Canada Exceed
tary eoatume and Mr . Hender-on's songs
wore highly appreciated. But the attraction
of the evening wns the two liitle dauceis,
Mary and Beside, from the hospital, who gave
the Bword dance ami the high and fling witli
great eclat. The ch ruses. patrLtio songs
and Hag drill 1 given I y the oluldien in their
red cross costumes were a -igbt not to 1 e forgotten and create great ei tliu-iasm. In fiu-t
the whole entertain ent was a credit to all
those who heli-eit to make it the finair ial sauce- s it proved. Among the Indies who worked hard we caiu.o. tail to appr eiate th ir
efforts and des re to thank 1,11 tlio e who gen-
eiou-ly lontributeil cake, eie , especially the
arduous per- ices Mrs, E Davis, Mrs.C. Moore
and Mrs. O Pi roy who attended to the refreshments.
The concert waH I rought t > a close by a
speech rom Mr Fenn, wao. while outlining
the work of the red cross, detailed t!,e woik
and need of siuh work by the men at the
f ont, also congra* ulated those who had been
the means of putting on such a successful
entertainment l'lie priceed-i amounted in
the neighborly nil, of 88-1 and the   committee
hope with the contributions of those who were    ,  . f     ,-   , . ,
unable to attend be able to bring the mm up ! driver, or tor light work,
to S.'O for the buys  at the  front who will
greatly apnrt eiate the eff.nt and the memory
of those who took part in the enter!aii ment. [
Miss Josie  McDonald  of  Lethbridge, I
Alberta, niece o(   Mr,   David  Ryan,   of'
this place,   and  Mr,  Joseph  Auderiou,
the noted basket  and   baseball   player,
were united   in   marriage   on   Tuesday j
morning at  10.30, by Rev. Pr. Mertens. j
After the marriage ceremony  a  Nuptial j
Mass was   celebrated,   the  solos being:
taken by Miss Downey, Mrs. E, Whalen
and Mrs. John Jenson.   The bride  ar-,
rived at the church accompanied by her
uncle who gave ber a, ay,  attired iu a
well tailored   cream   serge,   with   very j
smart white hat   witli   wings,   A   very
pretty bride.   The bridesmaid was  Miss
Kathleen Duggan, who was  dressed  in '
pink and black with   large   picture   hat
trimmed with pink  forget-me-nots and
pink   ribbon.   Two  little   flower   girls
were Flora Piercy   and   Minnie   Ryan.
The bride and bridesmaid carried boquets
of beautiful roses, and the flower girls
pretty white baskets,   The groom was
supported by his nephew Mike Downey.
Tlie wedding  breaklast   was   given   by
Mrs. Downey.
formation  can be   obtained   at W
G.    McKean's   store,   Courtenay.
W.   G.   Ross   for   Jas. Roy, Assignee.
I have again improved my flock
ot Rhot'e Island Reds by the introduction of new blood, Excellent
winter layers, well adapted to this
climate. Price of eggs per setting
reduced to $i. per setting of 13.
$0 per 100. Cash with order.
Bnice Towler, one mile south of
Courtenay.    P, O. Hr>x.
Kor Sale -One horse, 4 years old,
agricultural class, quiet to handle,
and a good worker, 1 filly. 2 years
old, Hackney sire, general purpose
mare, will make a fine strong
3 mature
brood sows and 1 boar. The above
i.s the property of W. J. Andrews.
I am instructed to sell, and will
refuse no reasonable offer, R. U.
Letter to The Editor
Editor Courtenay Review
Dear Sir,���! wish to take objection
through your columns to a nuisance we
have in tlie city, namely, tbe general
use of cow bells. 1 have no objection
to cows running loose iu a place where
there is as much vacant property as
there is in Courtenay, in tact tbey arc
more or less beneficial in keeping weeds
etc. cropped off, but surely it is not necessary that nearly every cow wear a
bell. One can fence his property so
that the cow herself is of very little
bother, but there is no chance of shutting out the din and clatter caused by
ball a dozen cow bells just outside the
find  this
Areceptioi was held at! fence.    Personally I   find  this  a  great
Are You Insured Against Fire?
Now that tbe warm dry weather is coming on, when the Jslighest spark
on the roof of a store or dwelling may result iu a disastrous fire. A
fire insurance policy in a good company i.s the best of all assets. We
are agents ^for tbe I,aw Union and Rock, a company with a record
second to none.   See us for rates
the bridegroom's home" in  the  evening ' nuisance and am told  that  many  otber
1 from 8 to 12, which the whole neighbor-'' residents find it the same,    I would  re-
hood attended.   The numerous and cost-1 spectfully suggest that   the   owners   of
I ly presents attested the popularity of the   these animals exercise a little  mercy on
' young couple. those of us who like to sleep at  nights.
Bert Berkensell was taken to the Co- especialiy those of us who for purposes
mox Hospital on Tuesday, suffering of health are advised to sleep in tents,
with pneumonia. | and that they kindly remove tlle bells.
Robt. Bennet, who was operated on I If this is not done I will most certainly cir-
at St, Joseph's hospital for Hernia is ' culate a petition asking the Council to
doing nicely. I pass a by-law thereby making it unlaw-
The 'Erald representative paid a visit' ful for cows to run at large within the
to his numerous subscribers. This time I city, but realizing that this may prove a
he was accompanied by a lady. We hardship on mauy who could Hot then
trust the moneys he received were Care��' avail themselves of the luxury of keep-
fully guarded during the time of collect-  ing a cow I refrain from doing so for the
The  Comox  Barber   Shop
Oldest Shop iu Courtenay
Nothing   But   First   Class   Work
Guaranteed.    Baths in connection
C. R.   DALRYMPLE, Prop.
Cumberland Hotel
(lood Accomodation       Cusine Kxcellen
Wm. Merryfield
Swan's Old Stand, Courtenay
Logger's  Shoes made to order.
In North and South, in Eaat
and West,
Alton's Handmade Shoes will
stan J the Test.
Willard's Harness Emporium
Pine Showing of   Horse  Blankets,   Ivap
Rugs, Cloves, Trunks, Suit Cases, Ktc.
Harness Repaired Neatly
Cumberland and Courtenay
begs to announce that he has
repurchised his old barber
business from Mr. Smith and
will be pleased to meet all bis
old customers at tbe old stand
Next to the   Opera   House
Dissolution of Partnership
Notice is hereby given that the partnership
lii'retnfore existing ! etween ns ami carried on
tuiiler the firm mine nf Hohswurth 4. Part-
ins. tun, in the villag-j if l.nzn, Province of
liiitish Columbia, h s been dissolved hv mutual consent A 1 .leUs due to the said firm
of Hohuworth & Partington inu-t b paid to
Walter Partingtm of Lain, aforesaid, who
will elntinue to carry on tne snnl business and
discharge ��.I the liabi ities of the said partner-
Uateii at Lazo this 17th day of May, 1915
Win. K.  Holeaworth
Walter Part ngton
Comox, B. C.
Best Meals North of Naniamo
Choicest Liquors and Cigars
C. A. Martin,  Prop.
Mr, C. F. Martin's tennis court is becoming very popular with Courtenav
Mrs. Leyland left St. Josep'lis hospital
for England on Thursday morning,
Mrs. Wilcox is making structural
alterations to lier residence in the Wil
cox Block.
The first new potatoes of the season
were brought in to town last week by
Dr. Worthington.
The members of St. Peter's (Church
ol England) Guild will hold a Strawberry
Festival and dance in Martin's hall, Comox, on Wednesday, June 16. Tickets,
Gents 50 cents, Ladies 25 cents.
Try an Ad. in The Review
present hoping that the owners will,  as
I sugg ;st, cut ont the bells at night,
Yours verv truly
W. A. W. Hames
On Tuesday of this week the Comox Creamery had the largest
churning in its history, 1623 pounds
of butter being turned out by Mr.
Carroll, who started operations at
4 o'clock in the morning and was
all through by live in the afteinoon
He did all the work himself with
the exception of wrapping, in which
he was assisted by his daughter,
Miss Ida,
Plimley's for Bicycles
is the purest Motor Engine Oil on
the market, and for durability and
excellent ludricating qualities it is
without au equal. It offers a smooth
rutititng engine, with more power
and less trouble to every motorist.
Beware of imitations. Writ? for
prices id
727-735 Johnson St., VICTORIA
Sutton & Kirkwood
Undertakers and
Night or Day Calls Promptly
- 'tended


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