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Chilliwack Free Press Apr 19, 1912

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Array ■51S7 &
■ ■. ,T:K.«vian
■ »,„l Libra*'1*-1
k Fr
Vol. 1.
Editor iind Proprietor
Kigii S-.\--i and Drill Hall By-Laws Endorsed.   Waterworks Referendum Favorable to Purchase.   Sewerage By-law Defeated.
A., of
Dusolved Partnership.
Stewart nnd Chadsey, the blacksmiths on Princess avenue, have
dissolved partnership, according to
olfical notice published in the Free
Press to-day. Mr. Stewart will
continue tlie business in future.
Of For Tlu Races.
Al. Evans leaves on Sunday wilh
his string of live running horses to
participate in the race moots of the
northwestern circuit across tho border. Mr. Kvans bus some speedy
ones anil we hope to hear of many
successes on the tour.
Pail 0-ce Starter!.
The i»ist oiliee contractorEdwnrd
Hunt, of Victoria, nt-rived in town
this week and has started operations on the post olllco sit.- The
ground. In boing clou red and broken
rook for tilling hauled from little
Open Rome lo Remain Opeo.
It is announced that .1. li.  Rorl-
son, of   Vancouver,   the  owner of
the opera house block, bus re-considered his decision to close the
house and lit it up for other purposes. I,. ,1. Thomas, the local representative will continue to book
engagements for the house. A few
additional improvements
opera house are proposed.
Has Accepted Call.
Itev. J. T. Marshall, H.
Montreal, has accepted thc
tion extended to bin. snnie time!
ago, by the Chilliwaek Baptist
Church, to become tlieir pastor,
Rev. Mr. Marshall and family will
arrive here early in May. The new-
pastor is very highly spoken of and
the members of the Chilliwack Baptist Church arc to be congratulated
on their good fortune.
A Hew Garage
C L. Royds. the Chilliwack rep*
rescntativc of the well-known Mc-j
Lnughlin-Buick Automobiles has'
opened a garage on Main street inl
the brick building formerly occu-j
pied by 15. P. Chamlu-rlaiuasa fur-1
niture store, nntl already lias several J
customers. Alterations arc being]
made to the interior of the building
and a good repair ami vulcanizing:
equipment will be installed as s.mui!
ns possible. Mr. Royds has several j
pfosisects for placing llie McLaughlin ours in this vicinity.
104,1. ReiitntDlal Band
Is the ullicial title of Chilliwaek's
new band, though only a brief
period has elapsed since definite
action as to the formation of a band
for the local regiment was taken,
already sixteen members have Ir'cii
-worn in and measured for suits.
Those who wish io become Identified with tin* band are requested to
apply to Capt Coote or t 'anon Hinehliffe . The management would like
to secure the services of a couple of
goml drummers, as well as more
As AwW Calaai*.
The greatest disaster in thc history of ocean travel is recorded this
week when early Sunday morning
the largest nnd finest ocean liner:
ever built the Titanic collided with |
an iceberg off Cape Race and in less
than four hours afterwards went to
tlie bottom earring with her 1175
SOItls, some 72o reported as lieing
picked up from life twits by thc
Ciirpathia, the lirst vessel to reach
the scene of disaster iu answer to
the wireless call for help Definite
and authentic. Informntti n a* lo tht
exact loss of life has been diHiftill
to secure. The awful calamity has
caused world wide dismay.
Named al Vascsner
At 10,80 Wednesday forenoon
in tbe Church of Kiiglaud, Kitsil-
iiitis, Vancouver, Miss Annie Itr.R'k
became the bride of Mr. Chas.
HutoheSOn. Mis-. Knight and Miss
Cowley, antl R. II. Brook and
Kenneth Brock, of Chilliwaek, tlie
latter, brothers of Ihe bride, were
in attendance. The wedding wus a
quid one and the happy couple
left on Ilu- one n'clnck boat for
Victoria, Seattle and other coast
cities. On returning Mr. nml Mrs.
Huteheson will reside in the Me-
Swcen residence on Young Rond.
south Both bride and groom are
well and fnvornhlv known in Chilliwack, Mr. Huteheson being the
Senior menilsor Ol the real estate
tirm of Huteheson it- Co., and Ihey
will have tllO very boal wishes of a
very large cir. Ic of friends for a
happy mil prosperous future.
Pythian Sisters.
At the regular meeting of the
Chilliwack Temple No 111, Pythian
Sisters, held on Tuesday evening, a
very pleasing eerniony took place.
Miss Mcnzie, who has been Mistress
of Records and Correspondence
since the institution of the local
Temple, was presented with a solid
gold mounted fountain pen in a
oeautit'ul case, as a token of the
respeot anil esteem in which she is
held by ber sister members. Mrs.
.lim. Robinson The Most Excellent
Chief, in nn Interesting speech,
dwell on the faithfulness uud Untiring energy of the recipient,   anil
free Press Printing Plonsos.
made the presentation on behalf  of
of tiie Temple,    Miss Mcnzies suitably acknowledging the gift.
Matinee Races Saturday.
A series  of  matinees  are   being
arranged for by local horsemen for
lbo summer, The lirsl of these is
scheduled for to-morrow afternoon
at the Fair goiuids. The next
will likely he held on May I and a
special program will likely he hilled
for May 24, Following the meet
of May 24, it is probable Hint a
weekly meet will he held on Thursday afternoon during the summer
months. Local turfmen are enthusiastic, over the scheme and a very
satisfactory and successful scries
will result. Among those who
will take part in the meets are. A.
C. Hummer, K. V. Munro, W. B.
Patterson, C. J, Hatch, C. Dolman,
Samuel Sutor, D. S. Dundas, Al.
Evans, 0. Bowman, and J. G.
Bias ihtield.
New Sanitary By-law
Aid. Goodland, chairman of the
Board of Health has formulated a
new sanitary ordinance, through
the enforcing of which he hopes to
keep the city clear of garbage and
debris. A schedule of fees has
been levied on business places according to amount of garbage created, while a flat rate of S1.00 for!
the season hns lieen nssessed to each
householder. T Young has been
engaged ns city scavenger at a
salary of $75 pcr month. Garbage
will be gathered nt regu'ar intervals and disposed of nnd every
effort made to keep yards clear of accumulations. Those not complying
with the regulations will be subject
to a line, so that it will lie to thc
interests of all to conform to the
new scheme and keep the city
clean und healthy.
Of- Council Proceedinp.
A short session of the cily council was held on Monday evening at
at the close of tbe counting of ballots at the city ball. Thc local
improvement by-law received its
tii-i.il rending and was passed. The
High School and Drill Hall Sale
By-laws were formally passed.
The new Alderman, D. C. McGilli-
vr.iy, was sworn in and thc changes
in|iersonnel of the various departments were announced. Aldermen
Eckert and Goodland continue as
Chairmen nf the Finance nnd Board
of.Health Dcpts Aid. Gervan now
b-eomes chairman of thc Board of
Works. Aid. Carleton chairman of
thc Fire, Water nnd Light committee, and Aid. MoGillivrny chairman of the thc agricultural committee. Notice wns given thc council that J. Howe Bent had been
selected by Mr. Irwin as his arbitrator re Young street property.
Contractor Edward Hunt asked for
an additional eight feet on Westminster street in front of new post
office, Mr. Irwin nsked for thc
usual building privileges in front of
his properly on Young streel. Both
requests were granted,
The C N. It. track-laying crew
are beginning their advance eastward from Cheam towards Hope.
West, from Cheam to Port Mann,
there is now a well ballasted road,
material for this work having been
taken from the gravel pit at Cheam
during the past few weeks' delay.
The slide has now boon thoroughly
cleared away, the slight trouble
ovor a right of way and compensation nt Popeum having been straightened out thon is uo obstacle botWOOU
the end of the track and Ho|ic.
The probabilities trnw are that the
hack will reach Hope about the
middle of May — Ho|>e Review.
Reserve your scats for lhe Choral
Society's consort in the Opera house;
on Friday evening April 36. A
rare musical treat is iu store for nil;
who attend. Seats on sale nt Me-j
Manns' music store.
J  It. Turpin  is agent  for Ibe
Troy Steam  Laundry,   New  Westminster.   Parcels left Monday will I
Ise returned Saturday, \
The residence of Mr. and Mrs.
G. I. Thornton, Promontory Flats,
was the scene of a very pretty wedding on the afternoon of Wednesday, April 10th, when Mr. Orion
Bowman und Miss Florence Thornton were united in the holy bonds
of matrimony, About thirty guests
assembled to witness the ceremony
which wus performed by Kev. .1. II.
I While. The bride entered the
room leaning upon the arm of her
father and looked exceedingly pretty
attired in u most becoming wedding
gown. Miss Nellie Fudden performed lhe duties of bridesmaid,
Mr. F. Harris noted as groomsman,
Ceremony and congratulations over,
the company Bat down to a dainty
repast which all thoroughly enjoyed.
Well selected and valuable gift testified to the esteem in which both
bride and bridegroom are held.
Mr. and Mrs. Bowman took tbe
ovoning train for Viineouver and
will spend a short honeymoon at
the coast.
Special Milk Trail
Beginning on Monday of this
week a through milk train was inaugurated on the Fraser Valley
Branch of the B. C. Elecrtic, leaving Chilliwack at 6.30 p.m. daily.
Returning, the train will leave
New Westminster at one a.m.
Milk and cream shipmonts will be
picked up by this train only. Tlic
other trains will not carry milk or
cream either way. Besides milk
and cream the new train will carry
express, anil patrons arc respectfully urged to have express ready
for shipment from Chilliwack on
this train. Thc milk train will
Im- of special benefit to farmers and
dairymen as shipments to Vancouver
will reach thire in good time for
delivery the following morning.
Thc regular passenger trains will
now make lietter time, and there is
Woman's Institute Meeting.
"Flour and Bread Muking" was
the subject of Mrs. Alex. Mercer's
paper at tho Women's Institute on
Tuesday afternoon and tho speaker
gave many valuable hints on this
very practical branch of domestic
science. After describing lho different kinds of Hour, with their
relative values, Mrs. Mercer showed
tbc food values of tho different constituents of the Hour antl what was
necessary to apply nnd in what
mutiner it should he applied to the
Hour in order to obtain light wholesome bread as the result. A discussion on mothods in bread making followed Mrs. Mercer's interesting talk. Among the business
of the aflernnon the following resolution was moved aud adopt.1.
unanimously: "Thai the co-operation and sympathy of the members of the Women's Institute be
extenslcil to the furtherance of the
local half holiday movement nmong
the merchants and that the members be requested to refrain
from shopping during the holiday."
The Women's Institute also voted
that, the sum of ten dollars lie given
in three special prizes at the Chilliwack Fair, one for an ideal "Hungry Man's Dinner", one for a cake,
and one for the best collection of
fancy work. It was also decided
to send an exhibit to the Vancouver Fair from the Chilliwaek Women's Institute, a committee to lie
appointed to look after this. Tea
was served at the close by the program committee.
Local and General
1). E. Mckenzie, of Westminster,
Chief Patriarch of the I. 0. 0, F,
Encampment, paid an official visit
to Chilliwack Encampment last
Clnranco  MoEachorn   left   Inst
week to accept a position with   the
South Side Furniture Co.   Vancouver, managed by Fred Archer, late
of Chilliwack.
tl. F. Franklin, manager of lho
Fraser Valley lines of the B. C, E,
R. nud a parly of officials came up
While our friends on the prairies
and in the cast are just now emerging from the snow and ico of tlic
past four months, the people of this
favored spot arc enjoying most of
tbo plpnrsul'Osj uf thc good old   summer time.   The roads arc in  line
a possibility that the train halving   h ]w    ., ^ ,d     , ^ ,    .
Chilliwack nt 8.30 a.m. will become      P^,    f ; .    th  9m>
afost.bus.ness man's tram to the:,,,,,  flir  .,  M        the sunshine
j bright nnd pleasant,  the trees are
coast. Patrons of the road would |
very much appreciate the inauguration of this latter service, and
we hope to have the pleasure of announcing sueh a service in the near
future.   Following is tlie mi'.k train
nmkUmnm%9k't 'v ^u"l\profusion,  adding  the   necessary
_   ,lw?&2^_B_!_*.^ to«* of color to the fresh green of
from New Westminster
ill a special car.
A rousing men's patriotic chorus
"Our Flag and Motherland" will be
given at the Choral Society's Concert on April 26 with Robert Carmiehael as soloist.
Alex. Jess, of Munro, has been
seriously ill with an attack nf ap-
ix'ucitis. An operation will be
performed, wc understand, ns soon
as the patient is sutlicently recovered.
T. L. Lillie is enlarging his garage on Princess avenue this week.
The addition to the east of the
main portion has been taken down
nnd will be increased to double its
former size, giving increased space
for cars.
Mr. Orr, of Seattle, lias taken a
position with the Chilliwack lm-
icment and Produce Co., and is
moving his family lo town. Mr.
Orr is nn experienced implemont
man and we welcome him to the
land of the Maple Leaf, and to
Norman Richardson has sold his
farm of fifty-five acres on Fairfield
Island, to Messrs. Marshall & Seymour, of England. Thc purchasers
will ongagc ln lhe UaUuro and production of small fruits and berries
on a large scale.
Social and Personal
Mrs. McC'utclii'on is visiting Vancouver friends,
Miss Newby was a visitor to Vancouver this week.
Miss Eva Jaokman spent Sunday
wilh friends nl Surdis.
Mrs. and .Miss Deane visited in
Westminster over Sunday.
Miss Johnston daughter of Alex.
Johnston visited in Vancouver this
and Mrs. C. Moulton, of
, were visitors in the city  on
Johnson's   ice cream   and   tea I while the tea
rooms are now ready for the sum-1 patronized.
The fountain
nnd  Mrs.   W.   Nelems and
visited in Vancouver over
Mr. Bonnycastle jr., and sister
spent a few days last week at the
Mr. and Mrs. L. Snider visited
with friends in Vancouver over
Mr. and Mrs. Standeven, ot
of Camp Slough, were visitors to
Vancouver this week.
The meeting of the Sardis hospital auxiliary announced for April
15, will be held on April 22.
Mrs. W. G. Lillie will receive in
lier new home corner of Gore ave.
and Nowell St., Friday April 19,
A meeting of the Sardis Hospital
Auxiliary will be held at the home
of Mrs. Holiiis'S, Sardis, utt Monday
April ii.
Miss Marion Marsden litis returned to her home at Eburne after i
visit at the home of her sister Mr-.
G. II. W. Ashwell.
Miss I. McNevin ol \'»« Westminster was the guest ol her sister
Miss McNevin, Principal oi Chilliwack High School, on Tuesiiay,
The   Women's- Auviliar.-,   ot   St.
Thomas' church held a very-!_•__-
ful Easter sale on Friday afternoon
tables were also  -velt
shooting their leaves, the oherry Imor T0"* , 'V,- .,ountf"n 19 '"! Rev. II. V. Davie, and Sfaft
trees are a mantle of white anil, **i»»«on, and delicious ice cream Davies, of Cttnso, Novia Scot—i
wear their Easter bonnets gracefully, j''!"' . etmmaSOda m , TV l>01J"! twrived ,lt 'hilliwaek on Wednes-
tulips, daffodils, pnnsies, and early l"lar '™m< flavors and styles are Uy evening ^^ ate the —^ ,)t-
"^summer flowers are blooming in Bmcd in ,l wa-v that ffi11 Plea8e tho former's brothel Dr. W. V.
thc   necessary j1'011* _ Davies.
J.      ,\   BI
real estate  firm  of  F.
ol the
leave Viineouver on thc return
at twelve o'clock.
Thc largest vote everpolledIon a)E B ol8anUjl who hftg k,p. a
money By-law tn Chilliwack wasL,, ^ fw ^ t .^
recorded on   Monday    *vhcn   the ,  , ,fc   ' ,        ,
FAWlltt        ?2%^: other yours ,vhen growth was as far
the Drill Hall Site By-law for $800 L,^     |t,, £      g { f„
ami the sewerage By-law for JW, t|   0       d ldoa| ^w f h
000 were placed before tho [iroperty,   ,      h       M   hh „.
owners ^«^mA^na_tm ,,,,Csn record.    Just enough rain
has fallen during thc past two
months to keep the soil in a good
state for working, allowing tho husbandman every opportunity for thc
prosecution of his calling. Crop
prospects arc excellent at tho present time, and the fruit men arc
enthusiastic over indications in
their line. From a producing standpoint everything looks rosy for the
Chilliwack valley this yenr,
stiring melodiesf?) that "Spring S. 8. Carleton has beon appointed
has sprung" into thc lap of sum- Chief Fire Warden for the Cultns
mcr. Thut the present season is Lake district. Tho appointment is
one of thc liest in many years, is j made by the Dominion Government
the word of the old timer.    C. H. nnd in thc selection of Mr. Carleton
School and Drill Hall By-laws carried by substantial majorities, hut
the Sewerage By-law failed to carry
by the small margin of 19 votes.
Tho referendum on the question
of purchasing the Elk Creek waterworks system showed a large majority of thc ratepayers in favor ot thc
city owning this important necessity.
The vote on the election of nn Alderman to till the vacancy on llie
Council Board placed I). 0. McGilli-
vray in that position hy n comfortable majority over Geo. R. Stringer.
Mr. McGillivruy is un old timer
and well known, while Mr. Stringer
is one ot the newer men in the city
and uot known to muny of the!
voters.   The vote;
Foil Alukhmax
McGillivruy   145
Stringer    07
Majority for McGillivruy   7H
Sewkraqb By-Law—In favor 08;
against 02; spoiled ballots 10; nee-
eessury to carry 111.
lliuii School Hy-L\w—Iii favor
111; against 43; simile. 1 ballots II;
necessary lo carry 113.
Dmix Hall—In its favor 1113;
against 27; necessary to curry 114;
4 similed ballots.
Watkii Woiiks—In favor of purchase 1211; against 50; 10 spoiled
A  much   needed    new   cement
noon at their country home
Fairfield Island. Mrs. A. Vf. Hill
of New York and several other
guests were present. Dainty refreshments were served and a very enjoyable time was -pent.
The dance held under the auspices of tho Chilliwack Dramatic
Society on Friday evening in St.
Thomas hall was a pleasant and
most successful affair. The invitations stipulated that the gu.e-.t-
wear original costumes, and as a.
result    many  unique   and    pretty
a wise choice has lieen made, as he
is a man well acquainted witb the
district, nnd will prove a capablo
William Sampson, the Cornish
Evangelist, will conduct a series of
special services in I. O. O. F hall,
Wellington street, commencing Sunday evening, April 28, ut the hour,oroalion), Wflra in
ofs.lo p. m. During the week
the sendees will begin at 8 o'clock.!
A cordial invitation is extended to]
nil the people of Chilliwack,
Among those who will assist the
Choral Society in their flrst annual Rev. Mr. White, of Eburne and
Concert, in the opera house on *>'"*'• ■»• •'• Douglas exchanged pul-
April 26 will Is-, Rolsert Cnrmiehacl, P't" on Sunday.
Church News
Miss Kathleen Henderson Miss
Barr, Mr.A. Davies, Mr. S. Kelland
Mr. Chas. Ward, violins! of Vancouver and Mrs. Chas. V
Ward soprn-
F. J. Hurt _  Co.,   Lid.,  report
Next Friday lhe animal   meeting
of the  Methodist   Sunday   School
committee of management will meet
for election o! officers  and  other
Sunday morning wrvieo iu tin-
Isost—Black Persian l.nnib ruffi
on Fairfield Island, roud Insl Thurs-1
dny afternoon,    Finder please leave I
at r re,1 Press ulliee
_,.   , ..'        ,   , I iniinv enquiries fnr Chilliwuek furm Method 1st ohurch will bo conducted
The last monthly musical even- ,,„„,■„ ,)m'm „„, W(,,k S1,v„ri|1 by Rev. J, F. Holies, of VanOouuer,
ing under th,. auspices of Ihe "i. |,,„rlies hnve Isoon shown through and Rev. J. P, W.-tmaii, of Cul-
1. S. of I ook s I liurcli next  Mon-1 ,,„, jis(ri|.,     0|H,      ,y  W1W  (mn w;,| .,, jn ,,,„ ,.V0|linK.
dny evening is lieing looked forward i »•....„ «,.,,,;„ „,„i „,„,,),„,. f,.,„„ v„... I    ,    ..,     ,      ,  ■ .,
- ..,        ,     .. f   ..    * Novaocotia iniu anotnei uom .\ew     | ;1st Monday, boina social even-
to with much anticipation by many,  is...,.,....:,,i.     „.   ...„!]    n,   „„..,.,..,' . : V,;•'.    ,"•*•   ,    '   *"_',
>,•    .- .,,       i,    i i      .      urunswiOK,    tf   wen   as   scicini  mg al Methodist  chinch   hnwssrth
MissKatieen Henderson  has the      ,i ;   ,    ,.,       ,,s .        ,ln!ii.l,,,.,l  , Y ,    V
program In ohnrgo and has assisting KhtWlev '■<*•'*-•■''"•. I ••;.*..,-. U,,- young people  turned
her Miss McNevin. Mrs. C. Burlier, i"".'    „   , »'n     I , l  '" T. """,!' "'""r ■h"'"-
Mr. Robt. Cunnichnel, Dr.  Fatten!    *■?• »•?**"■ "r.vsdnlc, accoinpnn- isel-d.   As usual tiie evening waa a
und Mr. S. Kelland.
The Scouts have ksst n very very
able Scout iu loader Roach who has
gone to join his brother Basil nl
Squamish. They ho|ie to hear of a
troop of Boy Scouts Wing started
there soon.
A "Star" patrol is l.'ing formed
in Chilliwack under the same lines
as the holders of the trophy for
crossing Is being laid between the! British Columbia Scout", agniiist
Irwin block comer nnd the triangle | whom the Chilliwnk Scouts hops to
ill lhe live cornets. compete.
led by his daughter were visitor" in'
.thevalley ibis WOck,    Mr. Drysdnle
ms the proprietor of lhe well known
dry giiisd-.   houso   in   Vancouver
'which bears his name, and  was
I spending a short holiday iu chilliwack.    This wns Mr.   Drystlalc's]
tirst visit to the valley  anil  he nt
once became  fascinated   with    its|
charms mul attractions, ami in  all
probability one of tlle many beauty
spots will become tho property of!
Mr, Drysdnle.
success   to    all
•i.M-iul committee,
wiirib. convenor i
lhe    Mis-ies   llii,
Messrs llnrry Iht
concerned. Tin-
Mi— Smlie Wood-
iiiil her assistants
Irene   kiiiu.li',.
■Ii, Earnest Troth-
Bom—To Mr. and Mrs.
Monro on \prll .'• n son.
eway, Milton Orr and Clifford
Woodworth ore lo liecompllmontod
on the le-ult ol tin Ir effort.-. Miss
Irene Knlghl rendered u piano solo
in good form und n wbi-iling solo
which would be a credit to professional, Tin- refreshments, consisting of ice crenm, cake and candy
Was  u   real   treat.     The   evening
lolosed with singing ol Auld Lung
I Syne,
A Traveler. Experience
"My i»no wish will Im," writes Harry
P, Pollard* a well known boot and shoe
traveller of Hartford, "Una everyone
wllh a bad stomach may learn as 1
did before It's too luto, that Nerviline
Is the ono remedy to cun*. Why, 1
was in mighty bad shape, my digestion
was nil wrong, and every night l would
waken up with a start and Iind my
heart jumping liko a threshing mu-
chine, This wuh causod by gas, in my
stomach pressing against my heart,
When 1 startod to use Norvilino l got
better mighty fast, lt is certainly a
grand romody for Lhe travelling man,
keeps your stomach lu order, cures
cramps, prevents lumbago or rheumatism) breaks up chest colds und son
throat—In fact, thore hasn't beon an
ache or pain Inside or outside Cor (lie
•i.isi two years that I haven't cured
with Nerviline. Do yon wonder 1 re
commend It?"
Lobsters and crabs when alive ure
• >r ii plain durk gray color; in boiling.
however( this changes to a bright red,
mm is well known. This ohango tali
place only In tho uppermost layer of
the shell. Undor the transparent out
Iclo there Is hidden n layor of pigment
composed of red, brown, yellowish and
bluish green particles. Tiny produce
tho genoral color as well as the pattern on tho shell of the lobsters. The
red pigment Is more stable (hun the
bluish greon; tho latter is destroyed by
boiling water, thus bringing out the red
pigment. Thoro are othor causes, too,
which may destroy or blench the
bluish-green pigment, This also explains why tho dead animal gradually
turns red nr al  leasl assumes a pale
Clover nml leguminous plants are
the chief assistants of the farmer ln
convert in*-; nitrogen, one of the ole-
ments of nature, intoun available plant
food. Clover seed Is high in price, but
do not let this deter you from buying
it in sullicient quantity to insure a
good stand on the land seeded, nnd It Is
advisable to buy early, as the demand
for good seed is great,
That Reminds Ne
1 >| AVID  had  sluln  Qullath  and   the
XJ    admiring throngs wondered that
u small sling -should have felled a
"li wus easy," explained David, "You
.see, 1 didn't know lt wns loaded,"
can use
'I dyed ALL these
of Goods
-«ith the SAME Dye,
I used
OLEAN and SIMPLE to Ute.
No,-i,-nr,-»f urinittw WRONG in. (ortl,.-Ooodt
..... i ,- r..,..'..,   mo.,i,,n (Him vournni-nlii
Dnlei    mi I. Color t At i -Ki-iuv ■-
Iht- ;..t hi Huh
\ Id SwIlenVaricost, Veins t^SlSSt
I"    ' Torht-.nn, I I, i-nit'-il, lluiHun .I,
Vi-T    It Ul l..*,.*., .Milk l-t'L', Jhrnt,,!,,,.
V      '      flS. l.l'-ittllllltltlHiH.     |l  till.. KtlllltllO
l.ll I
im im<-
y   T.->iii'v'ii.."-M«".-ii
"\   iv.tt f '« t» ii.,rn...     .	
•*•*    IIH l'l, Nil,', ptoMOO till,- lllll'
Di. lit,  l.-'."ili!'  liml Hn.tl'iiiir,    Hi'V'-lo   CUM  uli.-M
(iiiih ii.,.- ni.', i uni in.,1 i.t.ii..u (-iv,-1.. • ii <-. in*
pi ■ -iv nnd iM-Ti.Mii. mu .-ui it. Mi t tern mill'
Bnijgiuoi ,\C'<)i:iiiM;, .in., mil «ivn n Ital
Hnd pt.,.,' IH until, ii ui I fcUH |.'i |»," ,| nt
drumri-'-i *>r dnUtmrjl, Detail***] iinn** un , n ;,,rti
on MIWll MM nnil l(,n -li I, (■ f r< ,   oil i - <in< >iL
* ii,TtoiM,.r.iii ,_iu■ * t-Hi.1.1 .ni-iiiti-iu hl
aim, lurniihi- t,r Martin, liolt *.  Wjrnui
i I.    Winnipeg; lhe National Ona A Chemical
Co. Wltiiiipi-a antl *" ii Var jr. mul ll)-ii-l>-r**ufi
Br,*   CO.,  I.til ,  V 11,,-imv,',
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine limes in If n when the Hm fa right tht
doinfti.li Bud Lowell are right
gently bul firm.]*
pel ■ lt/y liver to
do iti duty.
Curei Con
Mi put ion,
Huudache, and DUlruii after Eating.
Sm-.ll PUL flm-U Dm*. Small Price
Genuine n>u*iu Signature
The temperance orator wus waxing
"Whut," he demanded—"what causes
moro misery tlmn liquor?"
"Thirst," responded a husky voice
from tho rear of the hall.
* *   *
"Did your cook suy  right out  thut
she  wanted  you ull lo sluy ut homo
that evening?"
"No; but sho put onions in evory
mouthful of food we hud to oat that
a ui horess Qood graclouB, what a
state this place Is Inl Vou have been
reading Instoad of doing your work."
Servant I have been reading your
last poem, mum, and It so enthralled
me I forgot everything else.
* *   *
"Hurry started to propose to mo last
night, but his voice stuck In his throat."
"ll was all right, though; l could see
his lips moving and knew whut bo was
trying to suy."
He—What's the matter with poor
young Thomson?
She—Tho doctor says its locomotor
He—Ah I I'd 'nve the beastly things
ml,en off thc roud if I ';ul my wuy!
* *    *
l-Ustluguished Foreigner tun his first
visit   to   America)—What   is   the   oc-
casion of thut riot, muy 1 ask?
Chairman of lleceptlon Committee—*
Oh, thut Isn't a riot, Your—Vour Excellency;   It's  the  police  trying to drive
buck iho men with the cameras.
Thoy were rehearsing the Walpurgls
night scene in "Faust" at a theui.ro in
London. The ballet-master thought
ihe ballet girls a liiile inactive. "Laddies, loldles, take yer 'andB off yer 'ipps,"
he suid. "Yer not dancing on 'Amp-
tead 'Eath; yer dancing in 'ell."
* •   *
A Frenchman who hud spent thirty
years In prison was asked whut change
in the world surprised him most. He
passed over tlie aeroplanes, motors, and
phonographs, and said:
"When 1 wonl to prison women wore
quite round, Now thoy are tlat and
* •    •
"Flossie Tootles, the chorus girl, Is
strikingly peculiar In one respect."
"What's that? Isn't any rich man's
.son crazy to marrv hor?"
"Tliat isn't It. Sbo doesn't claim to
belong to any proud old Southern family."
"1 told him there were a dozen of
people right bore in town who had
never heard of him."
"I guess that took him down a peg
or two."
"I guess It didn't. He started right
out to find them and borrow money."
* •    t
"1 want yuu to see If you can't find
out that I am descended from a king,"
suid the mun who had become suddenly
|    "Very well, sir," replied the genealo-
j Mist, "Wo have a large stock of kings
to .select from.     Have you any preference ?"
* *   •
I    "Thoy told mu that painting is an ab-
1 solutcly  authentic art treasure,"   said
; Mr. Comrox, doubtfully.
j    "And they charged you a big price
for It."
"Well, to lell you the truth. I don't
: think they charged me as much for thc
picture Itself as they did for collecting
| evidence that lt is an old muster.
Papa and mamma and son Wlillo
were crossing the ocean. Willie had
done something for which his mother
j thoughl he needed correction, but not
j feeling equal to tho occasion she ttirn-
I ed lo her husband:
|    "John," she said, "can't you spoak to
1'apa replied in a thin, weak voice,
How'dy. Willie?"
a    a   a
An exchange, referring to u certain
deceased citizen, said in the obltuury
notice: "Wo know him as old Ten Per
('out., tho mure ho had tho less he
■pent! the more he got the moro he
lent, IIc'h dead; we don't know where
he wonl, bul If his soul to Heaven wus
•nl, he'll own the harpfl and ehnrge
them rent."
*    *   *
Attendant (showing visitor through
lunatic asylum)—Ves,   sir,   we   have
some very pathetic' rases here. Now In
this room Is it poor fellow who lost his
reason beeauso the girl he was in love
with married uiiother man.
Visitor    Very Sad I     Very sud!     And
who occupies this padded cell opposlto?
Attendant—Him?    That's the  man
.•-lie married.
Booth Tarklngton, the American
playwright and novelist, Is a very early
riser, and when lho English playwright
and novelist. Arnold   Bonnett visited
him at his Charming residence In India tin polls, Mr. Tarklngton suid, the
tlrst evening at dinner:
"I believe in the simple life. I get
Up with tho sun,     Will you take a ten-
mllo wulk with mo at 11 o'clock tomorrow morning?"
"Thank you, Mr.   Tarklngton," the
While more prevalent In whiter
: when sudden changes in the weathor
11 ry t he strongest constitutions, colds
land coughs end ailments of tho throat
may Como In any season, Al tbe first
i'hi of derangement use Bloklo's Antl-
I Consumptive Syrup. Instant relief
i will   he  experienced,  and   uso   of   th*'
medtolno until lhe cold disappears will
I protect thfl lungs from attack. For
(anyone wiih throat or chest weakness
II cannot  he surpassed.
Englishman answered, "but I don't
walk in my sleep."
* *    *
Mayor Fitzgerald; of Boston, had oe
caslon to stop al a country hotel Ii
Connecticut, In a conspicuous place
in the parlor wus an inscription: "lei
on purlo Franeats." The mayor, as he
noticed the Sinn, turned to the proprietor and said: "Do you speak
"Not mo," replied the man. "United
Slates is good enough for me."
"Well, then," said tho mayor, "why
do you have that Inscription on the
wall? That means 'French Is spoken
"You don't mean it!" exclaimed the
hotel-keeper. "Well, I'll be darned! A
young chap sold that to me for 'God
Bless Our Home.'"
* *    *
"What's that 1 bear aboul the wedding? Some say tho groom didn't show
up until very late."
"Now hold on. Tliere Is positively
no scandal. The groom wus there, bul
ho wasn't conspicuous, Seems he gol
elbowed Into a corner behind some
* *    •
.lames  I'uyn   lells of a   whist player
boing told by an opponont that he could
always toll by his face when he had
U good hand. This he resented exceedingly, and applied to his partner for
a refutation of it; but he was only
still more Irritated by his form of corroboration, "lhal lie hail IieVer llollei-il
any expression in his countenance
-    *   »
It was his first visil to tllO Slates,
and he was anxious in see as much
of ii as possible In a Bhorl tlmo. In
a brlof visil to the South ho mel an
aged negro who hud been a slave.
"Mow Interesting," ho remarked.
"And after the war you bad your freedom?"
'Ihr old man looked at him half sadly,  half sheepishly, sl k  his woolly
head und said:
"No, snh.    Ah didn't git  no freedom
—Ah done was married."
Nat    Goodwill    was detected  gaslng
passionately Into the window of tho
florist's establishment, when n friend
came along the streel. He paused at
Mr. Goodwin's elbow.
"Wonderful American l-euutles in
there, Nut," said the friend.
"Uh, huh," suid Mr. Goodwin.
"I am very fond of that tlowcr," said
the friend, "because I married an American beauty."
"You haven't anything on me," said
Nat, turning sourly away. "I married
a cluster."
* •    •
A friend unco asked "Uncle Joe"
Cannon for information as to the prospects of a politician who was at that
time generally thought to be "on the
ragged edge,"
"He stems to think he's getting on
all right." snid Uncle Joe, "but others
entertain a decidedly ditrerent opinion.
Ills situation brings to mind the story
of the old lady up In Maine. When she-
was asked as to the whereabouts of her
husband, the dame replied: 'If the Ice
Is us thick us Henry thinks It Is, he is
skating; If tt as thin as I tblnk lt Is,
he Is swimming.'"
* e     e
The Abbe d'Aubignac, who wrote admirably on dramatic .composition, and
had instanced many living examples of
failure !n that direction, was so imprudent, after thirty years' silence, to
write a tragedy himself. In the preface
he boasted tbat he, of all dramatists,
had "most scrupulously observed the
rules of Aristotle, whose Inspiration he
had followed!"
To this it was replied by one who had
suffered from his criticism:
"1 du not quarrel with the Abbe
d'Aubignac for having followed the
precepts of Aristotle, but I cannot pardon the precepts of Aristotle that caused the abbe to write such a tragedy."
* •    •
"Politics is getting too finicky," declared the Old-Timer. "Things were
different in my day."
He was encouraged to proceed.
"One time when I was in politics In
a certain city we wanted to make a
certain mnn health oilicer."
"But he wasn't a doctor, and some
meddler dug up a law which made It
necessary for the health ofllcor to be a
"What did you do?"
"Why, wo had the Legislature pass
an aet making our man a doctor. It
was simple enough."
* •   •
The Colonel had caught Hnslus red-
handed, coming out of the hen-coop
with three fal pullets under bis coat.
"So," he suid, "I've caught you al last
stealing my hens, havo I?"
"Whut. ine, suh?" replied Rnstus. In
pained surprise. "Why, Marse Colonel, suh, 1 hain't u-steulln' no hens,
"Then what are you doing wllh them
under your coat?" demanded the Colonel.
"Why, Marse Colonel, hit look to mo
so like ll war gwlne to snow, suh, dut
ah  went   nut  lo de coop lo bring (lem
bens iu by d<- kitchen fiah, suh, in keep
'em  from glltln* froze, suh," said the
old man, with n deep sigh to think Unit
his honor had been BUflpOCtOdi
a   a   a
A visiting company at Nolo Chucky
announced a harvest-homo performance "for the benefit of the poor—
tlokets reduced to a nickel."
Nola chucky turned out In force lo
that harvest-home benefit, and the
next duy ii divine called on the manager to find oul what was to be done
with Ihe money.
"What's to be done wllh the benefit
money?" the manager suid Indignantly,
"Why. sir, that question astonishes
"But." said tlie divine, "didn't you
advertise the performance as for tho
benefit of the poor?"
"And," shouted the manager, "didn't
we reduce the tickets to ii nickel so
that nil the poor could crime?"
Chronic Throat Trouble
Permanently Cured
Miss Counter's Case Proves the Wonderful  Efficacy of Catarrhozono
in  All  Throat  and  Nose
Windsor, Ont.—Miss Counter's case
will prove of great Intorost to everyone troubled wllh sore throat, bronchitis or weak lungs.
When asked for u, statement, Miss
Counter said: "About seven years ago
i contracted a heavy cold that settled
mi my lungs and resisted all treatment. After I had tried several doctors here and specialists In Detroit
without benefit, I went to my druggist ami asked him fur tho best remedy he had for cold on the lungs. He
recommended Catarrhosone, which
cured my cold In one week, lt brought
back my voice, and I have been ever
shiro free from my old troublo. Fur
coughs, colds and lung trouble 1 am
sure that Catarrhozono is the best
remedy, It goes rluht lo the sure
.pot, gives quick relief, and makes a
lasting cure,"
Catarrhozono euros bocauso Us healing vapor is inhaled to thc very places
that are son* and Inflamed,
To permanently cure yuur winter
ills, ynur coughs, sneezing and Catarrh, bj all means use a triod and
provon    rcmody    like   Catarrhozono.
lint    beware     of    the     siibslltulnl'    and
Imitator, Look for Catarrhozono only.
50c. and fl.OO, at all deal-rs, or by
mail from the Catarrhozono Company,
Buffalo,  N.Y., and  Kingston, Canada.
Henry W. Palno, the eminent Boston
lawyer, once wonl to one of tho Interior.,
towns of Maine, where u boy wus ou
trial for arson. He had no counsel,
and Mr. Palno was assigned by the
court to take charge of his cuse. He
discovered, after Q brief interview
with the buy, that ho was half-witted,
The jury, however, was composed uf
fanners who owned burns such us the
defendant was alleged to have set on
lire, and, In spile of the boy's evident
weakness of intellect. Ihey brought in a
verdict of guilty. The presiding judge
turned to Mr. Payne, and remarked:
"Have you any motion lo make?"
Mr. Payne arose und, in his dry and
weighty inunner, answered: "No, your
honor: l believe I have secured for this
idiot boy all that the laws of Maine
and the constitution of the United
States allow—a trial by his peers."
gives him courage, force, wlrlness, and
stamina. Such attributes constitute
what Is usually called toughness, whieh
is very valunblo in tho half-bred.
The thoroughbred hus lo a marked
degree elasticity of movement, tho result, to u considerable exlent, of his
high nervous organization, This makes
him light on his feet, lessens the wear
and tear incident to work, und gives
to the rider that delightful feeling of
springiness so indispensable In a good
riding horse. Another attribute that
the thoroughbred may be said to be
the essence of Is "quality," It is this
property that contributes so much to
his attractiveness. It gives him that
lone, that aristocratic appearance
which causes people to admire him, not
knowing exactly why. Density and
toughness of his tissues which enable
him to stand strain uud Jarring nre but
the expression of this property of quality.
*    *   *
Only the slaillon which shows well-
marked masculinity and individuality
should be used for the production of
the larger type of drafters.
See that the lu-foul mure hus sullicient bedding, even if some of the geldings or cults have tn he content with a
smaller am6unt. The mum's comforl
will add much to tho chances uf buccoss
wiili the progeny,
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Bears the
Signature of
The Curnavalet Museum, which has
already a wealth of curiosities and relics from the stormier portions of
French history, has just received a
very interesting New Year's gift. The
descendants of Edouard l.asne, who
was housekeeper of the Temple prison
when the "Capet Family" were there,
have sent to the Cnrnavalet Museum
some uf tbe things whlcb Louis XVI
and Marie Antoinette left in their
rooms when they were taken to the
scaffold. There are two chemises of
line linen belonging to Marie Antoinette. The crown which was embroidered on them has been picked out,
and only the initial "M" remains.
There Is a black silk blouse, very much
worn and mended ln several places,
which Marie Antoinette mude with her
own hands ln prison, and which was
worn by the Princess Royal after her
father's execution. There are also twu
pairs of the king's silk stockings
(darned rather badly), a pair of "Madame Royale's" little slippers, a crystal
bottle which has a few drops of Marie
Antoinette's favorite scent remaining
In It, and Louis XVl's shavlng-dlsh.
But perhaps the most pnthetlc of the
relics of the monarchy which went to
pieces on tho scaffold Is a game of
bricks with which the little Dauphin,
whose fate has always been nnd always
will be a mystery, used to amuse himself In prison.
With the Horses
In bringing forward the discussion
of farmers, one is frequently confronted
of light-horse breeding beforo bodies
witli the statement that it pays better
to breed heavy horses, for tho reason
that they are more easily marketed,
and thut (heir production Is moro In
keeping wllh the knowledge nnd horsemanship of the average num. Conceding this to be in a large measure true,
we must recognise the fact that light
horses are In demand for various pur-
puses, thai some breeders have a taste
for tbem, and Ihul they can be marketed at remunerative prices; consequently, Il Is a question worth studying from
various standpoints,
it in i> logically be asked what attributes lhe race-horse possesses which
we would desire to Introduce Into the
light-horse stock required for various
utility purposes, First of all, he possesses the attribute of running speed
iu a paramount degree. This properly
Is of value within certain limits, particularly in hunters, nnd to some extent saddle horses; but. in selecting a
thoroughbred sire to cross with ordinary mares, there are other attributes
which we wuuld consider of more Importance What we mean by this Is
that, no matter what degree of speed
n horse was known to possess, if he
had nol a number uf olher properties,
he would be valueless us u sire of hulf-
breits, nud almost any thoroughbred
bns transmissible speed enough for
that  purpose.
Tho thoroughbred hns a highly-organised   nervous   development   which
Hard and soft corns both yield to
llollowuy's Corn Cure, which Is entirely safo lo use, and certain and
satisfactory In Its action,
Shu Was Tired. Ncrvout. and Hun
Down, and Suffered from Pains in
tho Back—Dodd's Kidney Pills
Cured Hor
Paquotvlllo, aioucostor Co., N.n-
(Special)-   That   Dodd's   Kidney   pills
are suffering woman's best friend was
never hotter demonstrated than in the
case of .Mrs. Qoo. Butlor, a well-known
and highly respoctod resident of this
"My trouble was brought un by hard
work," Mrs. Butlor tells her friends.
''For four years I suffered from pain
In the hack. 1 was always tired and
nervous. My head ached and I had
dark circles under my eyes, which were
also puffed and swollen.
"1 wus iu a generally run-down con-
dltlon and feeling very much discouraged when I started tu take Dodd's
Kidney Tills, and I can only say I
found relief at once."
The mainspring of woman's health is
the kidneys. If the kidneys are
right the blood will be pure. Pure
blood is absolutely essential to good
health. Dodd's Kidney Pills make the
kidneys right.
It has been said thut a good horse
Is never a bad color, and the saying
bears a certain degree of truth, for if
the animal possesses the desired quality, conformation, style and action?
theso eliminate the undesirable color
appearance to such an extent as to
cause it to be overlooked.
One Is sometimes struck by the lack
of muscling In some uf the draft horses
seen at exhibitions, Well-developed
muscle Is an essential In draft horses,
if they ure to attain their best ln
strength and stamina. There Is only
| nne way to obtain It, and that Is by
giving more exercise lo the colts dur-
! Ing development.
ln connection with the dairy work
> carried nn In Kasierii Ontario last year,
! lhe  water supply  on   311   farms  was
; tested, and fi.'! por cent, uf them found
to l>e contumlnaled.    Taking (his as a
I fair average for conditions over On-
' tario, and assuming (hut the horses on
; I lies, farms gol their water from the
same supply as tho cows, (here is an
enormous number of horses drinking
' contnmlnalod  water.    Tin* dangers of
bad wator to lhe human  race and In
; dairying aro well known, ami ii is just
as Imporlnnl that precautions be taken
in mako lb*- water supply fnr the horses
as pure and wholesome as thai usod for
the homo.
in considering lho form of lightning
conductors, li Is woll in koop in mind
ihr foci lhal ii inctiit eovorod building,
will connected wllh lho onrlh, is practically lightning proof, and Ihul one
wllh a metallic roof, woll grounded, Is
oxccllontl-, well protoctod, If nol perfectly safe, If, thon, lho mot* of a
building possesses it metallic ridge,
cave-troughs and down-spouts, theso
will afford very good protection IT they
nre nil connected and well grounded,
A roof eovorod with a metallic screen,
os a chicken screen, makes an excellent
protector when properly grounded,
"Como now, Ileminn," snys the
vVhltechnpol bridegroom, "you're goln'
to s'y 'obey' when you comes to ll In
th' service, ain't you?"
"Wot, me?" cries the bride. "Me s'y
'obey' to you! Why, blime me, Tainery,
you ain't 'arf me size!"
Worms sap the Btrength and undermine the vitality of children. Strengthen them by uslmr Mother Graves'
Worm Exterminator to drive out the
Smokeless Powder Shells
These shells cost a little more than black powder loads,
but for bird shooting they are worth many times the dillerence, I
as there is no smoke to hinder the second barrel. They are
by far the best low priced smokeless load on the
market. When you buy, insist upon having them.
FREE!        FREE!
We have a splendid lot of promlums which we give fnr selling tho
noted Overland Post Cards.
lb-member it costs you nothing to get them. Wt pay postage ur express
on all goods and premiums wo send to you.
Just decide what quantity of cards you would like to sell and write
us a enrd.
For selling $4.00 worth at 6 for 10c. we will give you a very serviceable
Moving Picture Machine; or a full else guaranteed Gent's Watch; or a
beautiful reliable little Ladies' Watch; or a genuine gold tilled extension
arm  Bracelet.
For selling $3.00 worth we give a lovely Locket and Chain; or a Dark
Lantern; or a pair of Spring Skates: or a Ladies' Combination Purse.
Por selling $6.00 worth we give a  dandy Sweater Coat;  or a strong
pair of Boots; or, best of all, a beautiful Gilt Parlor Clock.
Don't Forget that Blaster Is near and cards will sell quickly.
Write fur nur catalogue To*day.
A New Laxative ^a^************
—I. lh. Mils'* prtaolpl* which make.
,. much belter then ordinary physic While thor.ugbrf efleettre, they iwvar
frlpe, purge or cause nausea, and never Iom Ikelr ellMUrenee.. On* el th*
but el the NA-DRU-CO line
25c * box.   II your drufgill nte ■*! yet •took**' tbem. eeed 2Se. end we
will mall Ihem. ' 23
* jjejjjjjal D—. mm! q,.msc«l CjWjjjT jj r...«*a. UmHU,    .     .     .     Mgjjrwj.
fluster lsour.1 tiiksss. ilia pliios- of l.illi. >mrl t. ii.-.«.•••>.>!
riie "Empire" brand, of WoodHbwr mid Hsunwal,
I'lnster fur r<"mI oonstrifotloi,
The Manitoba Gypsum Co.. Ltd.
Boccaccio and His Kin
There are muny amusing things ln
Boccaccio, so that one may say that he
was the ilrst of modern men who
heartily laughed, Yet he is difficult to
quote. Tho truth is that many of his
stories, while very funny in their way,
have something of a smoking-room
humor; they are as broad as thoy aro
long—very much broader even, some-
But here Is one quite presentable
and, in Its way, funny enough. The
tale Is told by Flammetta, who was,
In truth, no "little (lame," but the great
tlame who kindled conflagration in
Giovanni Boccaccio'- by no means asbestos heart. He Instructs us In much
detail concerning their loves, so that
we have even an Inventory of caresses,
but that is beside the point. Tho gold-
tressed lady relates that thero was lu
the fair city of l-'lorence ti youth called
Mh.hi.el Scalza, who was tbe merriest
and must agreeable fellow In the world
and hail sllll the rarest stories in hand,
Wherefore the young Florentines weie
exceeding glad to have his company
whenever they made a pleasure part)
among themselves. It chanced one day,
hr being with certain folk ut Monte
Ugh I, that tin* question was started
nmong them of who were Ihe neat
and noblest family of Florence. Hume
■aid the UbortI, othors the Lambertl,
nnd otlQ Oils family and another Ibat,
according us u ocourrod to his mind;
which Sen)XI) hearing lie fell n-luut,h-
Ing nnd said: "Go to, wlml gOOSO ynu
nre! Vou know not what you say. The
bent gontlemon and the oldest nol only
of Florence, bul of all the world or tbe
Marmnuu are the great Holm family
-a matter on which all philosophers
and everyone who knows them agl'OOl"
When the young men who hud look
e*d for i]iille another answer, heard
this (liny Jeered at him and said, "Thou
mockest us—as if we knew not the
Hoboes even as thou dost." "Hy the
Writ," answered Mcul/.u, "1 mock you
not; n.-y, I speak the truth, and ll
there bu any here who will wager a
supper on It, to be given to tho winner  and   half  a  dozen   companions  of
In ono of the stories of Decameron,
Boccaccio Introduces Giotto tiie painter, who, ho says, "had so excellent a
genius that thero was nothing of all
whicli Nature, mother and mover of
all things, presents unto us by the
ceaseless revolution of tho heavens,
but he with pencil and pen and brush
depicted it, and that so closely that not
like, nay but rather tho thing Itself
It seemed, Insomuch that men's visual
sense Is found to have been oftentimes
deceived, taking for real that whloli
was but feigned. Wherefore he, having brought back to the light this art,
may deservedly be called one of the
chief glurios of Florence." Tho author
of the Decameron was also the warm
life-long friend of 1'etrarca and the
biographer of Danto, so that ho binds
together the great men of a great ago.
One of the. contemporaries of Boccaccio has recorded this tide of Dante,
which Is, perhaps, tho closost approach
the great poet of tho Dlvlna Commedlu
ever made to a practical Joke:
One day while Dante was passing
the Gale of Saint I'eter he hoard a
blacksmith beating Iron upon tbe anvil
and singing some of Dante's verses
like n song, jumbling the lines together
and confusing Ihem ho that tt seemed
to Dante he was receiving a great Injury, lie hu id nothing, imi going into
ihe blacksmith's shop be touk up his
hammer ami pincers and scales and
muny other things und throw them out
lulo llie road. Tlio blacksmith, turning round upon him, cried out: "What
the deuce are ynu doing? Aro you
mad?" "Whut aro you doing?" said
Dante. "1 am working at my proper
business," said tho blacksmith, "and
you are spoiling my work throwing
II out Into the road." Haiti Dante;
"If you do not like mo to spoil yuur
things dn not spoil mine." "What
things of yours am I spoiling?" said
tbe man. And Dante replied: "You
are Blnglng something uf mine, but
nut as 1 made it. 1 have no uther trade
hut ihls and ynu spoil it fur me." Tho
blacksmith, too proud to acknowledge
liis fault, but not knowing how to re-
dale District of Durham; 1,5011 _lrds
were killed during four drives in
stormy weather.
On the Dukti of Devonshire's Upper
Wharfedale moors in Yorkshire, 14,01 S
birds were killed In twenty-two days,
all by driving, and there were usually
nine guns out. Tho best bag was obtained on August IS, when the king
was Included in the party and n\x\$
guns killed 1,580 birds on the Barden
and Tiylstonc moors.
hi.i choosing, 1 will Willingly take tho P'-V* gathered up his things and return-
wager; ami I will do yet mure for you, I'-1' to work, and when be sang again
for 1 will abide by the judgment uf Ba*-g Tristram and Launcelot, and let
whomsoever  you   will."   Said   one   of, Dante alone.
them, culled Neri Muiinlni, "1 am ready Which is at least mildly funny. So
to try to Win the supper;" whereupon much fur the thirteen hundreds in
having agreed together to take Ftero dl Italy, in the early lifteen hundreds
Piorentiho, in whose house they were, ! Vasari was burn, and in due time be-
to Judge, they betook themselves to ' gan to write his stories of the great
him, followed by all the rest, whu look- ! Italian artists who are still Italy's
ed to see Scalza lose and to make ' chlefest glofy. He records some humor-
merry over bis confusion, and they re- | ous tilings—for instance, this of
counted to Piero all that, had passed, j Michael Angelo: A certain painter,
Pieru. whu was a discreet young man, says Vasari, had a picture wherein was
having flrst heard Neri's argument,' an ox which looked better than the
turned to Scalza and said to him, "And rest. Michael Angelo Buonarotti, be-
thou. how canst thou prove this which , ing asked why the painter bad made it
thou affirmest?" "Huw sayest thou
nnswered Scalza. "Nay, I will prove
It by such reasoning that not only
thou,  but  my opponent also will ac
more lifelike than the rest, replied,
"Every painter succeeds best in u
Purtrait of himself." Another painter,
Vasari continues, bad executed a his-
knowledge that I speak the truth I You | lorical picture in which every figure
kuow that tiie an chanter men are the was copied from some other artist, in-
nobler tbey aro; and so it was said j somucb tlmt no part of the picture was
but now among these. Now the Ho- his own. It was shown to Michael
hoes are more ancient than any one ■ Angelo Buonarotti, who, when lie had
else, so that they are nobler; and if I [seen it, was asked by a v.-.y intimate
can demonstrate that they are the i friend of his what he thought of it.
most ancient, 1 shall undoubtedly have j He replied: "He has done well, but
won my wager. You must know, then, I at the Day of Judgment, when all
that the Hoboes were made by the bodies will resume their own limbs
Almighty Creator in the days when He again, I du not know what will become
Ilrst  began to draw,  but  the rest of   of   that   historical   picture,   for   there
mankind were made afler He knew
how to draw, And to assure yourselves
that in this I say the truth do but
consider the Hoboes in comparison
wllh olher folk. Whereas yuu sac all
the rest of tiftinklnd with faces well
composed and duly proportioned, you
may see lhe iluboes, this is one wllh a
countenance very long and narrow,
and that with a face out uf all measure
broad;  one has too long and another
will be nothing loft of It
Baldassare Castlgiione, a generation
earlier, has some good things, such as
this; The Bishop of Corvia, he says,
in order to iind out lhe intentions of
lhe I'ope, one day said to him: "Holy
father, it is commonly reported in oil
Home and even in tbe palace that your
Holiness Is aboul tu muke me guver-
nor." The I'ope replied, "Never mind
what  they say;   they are nothing but
too short a nose, and the third has a ; i0W_tb„gUed rascals." Tbe same writer
chin Jutting nut  and    urned   upward ] Pecord8 tlmt a em.lin ploader to w|wm
and huge jawbones that show
though they wero those ot an ass,
while Some there be who have one eye
bigger than the uther and yet somo
who havo one eye set lower tban the
other, like the faces that children are
accustomed to make when tlrst tbey
begin to learn to draw. Wherefore, as
I have already said. It is abundantly
ills adversary said, "What art thou
barking for?" replied, "Because I see
a thief."
Again he suys, as Duke Frederic of
Urblna was one day talking of what
was to be dune with a large quantity
of earth which had been dug up in
order to lay the foundation of his pal-
Young Kermlt Roosevelt has been
hunting in the Mexican desert. In this
he shows himself tlio son of his father,
who Is wont to disturb the life of thc
wilds with his trusty rifle, just as ho
disturbs the life of the nation with his
Kusly eloquence. But Kermlt proves
himself the more tho scion of his parent, in that he writes an account of his
little hunting trip. This story of a
boy's excursion so sedate and generally
Important a magazine as Bcrlbner'd
Inflicts, with the accompaniment of illustrations from photographs by tho
author, upon tlie too patient public.
However, not blood merely, but only
the most careful parental discipline
could have Infused Into the youth lho
skill in the use of lhe personal pronoun
"I" that he displays in his article. Liko
the writings of his noted progenitor, it
fairly bristles with Ihem. Were these
the days when type was sel by hand,
lbo printer who set up this article
would be bard put tn it to keep his "1
box" filled, Into a narrative covering
thirteen magazine pngOB, which are
broken up by flfleen Illustrations, large
and small, Ihe writer has managed to
crowd a total of 140 "I's." Probably
lie didn't round olll Uie number to 150
heciiuse be Was seized Willi an attack
of modesty. That bo did pretty well
Is seen from the fact tbat, though thu
Columns are only 11 Inches long, in one
which was unbroken he used the little
word twenty-three times, while in another, which was broken by an illustration, he managed to get it In seventeen times. Perhaps with growth and
experience he will be able lo become a.i
facile In the writing of the svelte pro-'
noun as Is his father.
Though the young man hns as yet
shown no Interest in politics, he thus
begins to demonstrate his great Alness
for holding olllco. And while we await
witli fear and trembling the bursting
of this precocious youth into the political arena, it might be well to ponder
upon the origin of the trait he hns so
well munifested in this article. The
meditation may serve to muke us hesitate to consider seriously for the presidency the original possessor of this
trait, whose frequent statements and
letters must make necessary the keeping ln liis literary workshop of several
extra "I" keys for his typewriting machine.
Thero is one kind of handclapping 1
am not yet proficient in. said tlie gray-
headed man. I cannot call a Japanese
servant by clapping my hands. I clap,
but tlie servants do not answer. \
friend of mine has two Japanese servants. When he wants attention he
claps his hands and one of them appears. At his home yesterday 1 needed a sheet of paper tu finish a bit of
writing 1 was working on in my
friend's absence. I clapped my bunds,
nobody came.
I clapped louder, and again still
louder, but the Japanese servant persisted In bis retirement. So I substituted calling for clapping, and presently I got my paper. I told my friend
of my failure.    I said 1 knew the art
[of clapping well enough to make my
sentiments known at the play, at a
ball game, and at a political meeting,
I they why couldn't I summon a Japan-
Iese servant?
"You haven't got the knack," said
he. "A white man has to associate
wilh Orientals for months before he
learns the peculiar handclap tbat they
recognize ns a summons."
Then he gave me a few lessons, but
I nm sure I have not mastered it yet,
and that if 1 should clap again for a
Japanese servant he would let me chip
till my hands were sore, under thc impression that I was killing moth millers
and rooting for a homo rup.
The man's love does exist; it exists
mure often than we think It does, but
a man is a shy animal when questioned on tin* affairs uf his heart. If he
luvcs a fellow man with all his heart
he will only admit that he is "rather
decent." But men do love une itnuther.
Brothers do sometimes, and many and
many a man has given Ills life for another and no one bus known anything
about it.
One proof of men's affection Is the
wuy in which they defend and shield
each other. Suppose Su-and-Su has
been doing something shady. Ask his
friend, who certainly knows all about
it; What will he say? Ho will either
put on a very innocent mask, and reply,
"'Impossible, he isn't thai surt uf chap
at all," ur smile inscrutably and say,
"I never inquire about other people,
nor do I believe all I hear,"
apparent that the Almighty made them JJ?' an J10*0' who was present said:
while He was learning to draw, so!,My '0J_ l ,UlVe heon thinkinS whcre
thai Ibey are mure ancient and conse- ' " cou,(1 b,i DUl nml l havo u sood Wett:
quently nobler than the rest of mankind."
At this both IMern, who, was tbe
Jsdge, and Neri, who had wagered the
supper, and all the rost, hearing of
Scalza's comical argument and bethinking of themselves of the Hoboes, fell u-luughing and affirmed that he was right, for that tho
Hoboes were assuredly the noblest and
most ancient gentlemen that were to
order a great ditch to be dug und you
may there dispose of the earth without
further hindrance." The duke replied,
not without a smile, "What are we to
do with the earth which will be dug
from this new ditch?" The abbot un-
swered, "Let It be made big enough to
hold both." And thus, although*the
duke tried to show him that lhe larger
lho ditch the more earth would bo dug
out of ll, be could not understand that
it could nut bo made largo enough to
Our driver gave us bargain rates if
we would gu early in the morning. As
this time was more pleasing to us, wc
started ubuut eight o'clock, su that our
thrifty French driver could he home
tn meet Ihe bunt, which cume that dny
ln the early afternoon.
One cannot but feel pity for the
horses In this place; they hnve to carry
such loads of people over such rocky,
and In some places, sandy hills. An
old lady of the party complained much
lu ISngllsh of the slowness of our progress as we ascended the flrsl lung,
sandy hill. But, nf course, the driver
"compronnez no Anglais," so we continued lo go slowly. At tbe top of
this bill, overlooking Ihe river, and
nearly burled In the sand, the ruin of
an old mill was shown us. This, no
doubt, had been tin- scene of a live
industry in the palmy, early days of
tho history of Tadousac.
The next Item of Interest was a visit
to a farmhouse. It was a very modest
frame structure, but the inside was
scrupulously clean. The boards of the
unpalnted (loor .seemed to shine, so
hard had they been scrubbed. A homemade carpet covered part of the floor,
and no doubt marked off the parlor
from the common room. Quaint little
pictures in quainter little wooden
frames, adorned the walls at long Intervals. In one corner—the kitchen
corner—stood that huge article of
household use that one finds in nearly
every French-Canadian home—the
loom, and on this one the mother of
the family was busy weaving a web
uf blue homespun. In the parlor corner was to bo seen a fine, up-to-date,
drop-frame Singer sewing-machine,
whose polished (able seemed strangely
out of place in its quaint surrounding.
A daughter, who appeared to know
our driver very well Indeed, seemed
quite pleased to show us the outside
bake-oven, a huge affair, standing
about four feet high by five or six
feet long, lt was built of stone, nnd
some kind of cement, with fiat bricks
in the bottom of the fire-place. In
this square fire-place a wood fire is
built. When the bread or other food
is ready to be baked, the coals are
pulled out, and Ihe hot bricks are ready
to receive what is to be baked.
The United States navy proposes by
means of seven wireless stations to
keep In direct touch wilh its vessels
in all parts of the world. The advance
of wireless telegraphy into a thoroughly practicable and dependable means
of long-distance communication is indicated by this comprehensive plan,
which, it is said. Is entirely feasible,
and can be pul into operation for about
$1,000,000. The value of such a great
network of ethereal connections between Washington, D.C., and every
ship of the navy, wherever located—a
network giving the President In the
White House Immediate control of n
battleship in mid-Pacific— Is obvious.
The seven stations are to be located
at Washington, D.C., in the Canal Zone,
at San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Luzon (Philippines), and Tutulla Island
(Samoa). There are already wireless
Installations of lower power nt several
of the above locations. The new apparatus will have a reach of 3,000 miles
at all times of day or night. This new
arrangement, by which every unit of
thc navy from West Africa to China
is virtually given a direct wire to headquarters, will have a revolutionary effect upon the handling of the navy ln
be found  nut  In Florence alone,  but contain both heaps, hut only replied,
in the whole world and the Maremma.   ..Make u HO much iurffl,ri*.
So much for the Decameron. Here Is
a tnle from the life uf its author. It
seems, says Boccaccio's biographer, that
during the time be was writing it he
found himself taken hy a very beautiful woman, a widow, who pretended to
encourage him, perhaps because of
his fame, provoked his advances, allured him lo write to her, and then,
laughing at this middle-aged nnd obese
lover, gave his letters lo ber young
favorite, who scattered them about
Florence, Boccncclo hud already beon
hurt hy the criticisms some luul offered on bis work. This deception by lhe
widow exasperated him, his lovo for
women i urned to loathing, and he now
composed a sort of Invective against
thom which was called tho Corbacclo,
which soems to mean tho Trap. Tho
story Is as follows: A lover finds
himself lost In tho forest of love and
In delivered by a spirit. Tho lovor Is
Boccaccio; the spirit Is the husband
of the widow who has returned from
hell, where his avarice and complaisance hnvo brought him. In setting
Boccaccio In thc right way, the spirit
of the husband reveals to him all the
Imperfections, artifices and defects,
and the hidden vices nnd weaknesses
of hts wife. "Hnd you seen hor first
thing In tho morning with her nightcap on," nnd no forth, which suggests
why Boccaccio Ib hard to quote. But
the jest Is a bitter one, rather satire
than humor, and bo somewhat wide of
our mark,
The edict sanctioning the abolition
of the pigtail reminds us that ll Ib not
so very long since the pigtail disappeared, not merely from lhe army and
navy, but even from everyday civilian
life in DJngland, Waist*long piginiis
were the fashionable wear In England
about 1740 and before lhat the bug wig
had been adorned with a pigtail looped
up In a black silk bag. As lulo as 1868
an old gentleman was seen on Cheap-
Sido wllh his gray hair tied behind In
a short queue, and even in-day wo can
find a relic of the pigtail, for the threo
pieces of black velvet on the dress
tunics of olilcers in tbe Royal Welsh
Fusiliers are the remains of the ribbon with which the queue was tied.
Important as arc thc losses In the
Initial purchase of coal, they are small | peaceful os well as In war times,
compared wilh those which attend Its
burning. Many a mill owner looks out
of the window and sees, without knowing, his dividends go up lhe chimney.
Under well regulated conditions of
combustion the flue pases should con-
According to a recent despatch from
Paris, the Itusslan government is serl-
tuln not less than 12 per cent, of car- jously considering the proposals of cer
bonlc add gas. They frequently run-j tain Swiss engineers to tunnel the
lain no more than 3 per cent. This ICaucnsinn Mountains near Titlls, thus
means that for every ton of eonl burn- 'connecting the Black and the Caspian
ed under the lalter conditions more | seas. Although the length of the tun-
than B_ tons of excess air are hea'tj  nol would be sixteen miles, il Is staled
The Family Automobile
to the high temperature nf the flue
gasos, Chemistry meets these condl-
tlons by analyzing llie fine gates and
lhat the Itusslan gnvemment believes
ilie commercial and strategic vnlue of
ihe tunnel would lie such as to warrant
Grouso shooting In Orent Britain for
1011 showed some remarkable results
In big bags brought down by successful hunters. Tho heaviest one-da."
bag obtained ln Scotland was that of
lord Dalkeith nnd hla party on the
Duke of Buceleuch'B Honnfcll moor, in
lloxburghshlre, when eight gunB killed
2.628 birds.
In England tho best one-day hag was
that of the Due de Luynea and  Ave
other   guns    on    Lord    Btrnthmore'i
| Wemmerglll moors In the Upper I.une
rogulntlng Ibe draft as Indicated by ihe j its construction. The engineers Oltl*
percentage of carbonic acid found. At mate that the work could be completed
J2.2ti ii ton, which Is much below the In seven yearn' lime
average price, the fuel bin -if ihe Tinted Slates was over *K00 l.non.-.OO In
1010. nr that amount, chemistry could TRAFFIC THROUGH THE SIMPLON
lOSlly  have saved $100,00(1,000. TUNNEL
The report of the Italian State Railroads states that In the year ending
June, 1010, the amount of freight entering llaly through the Slmplon tunnel was B6,88. tons, and that 74,704 tons
were shipped from Italy hy way of the
tunnel. The Imports through the Monl
Cer.Is nnd the St. Clothard tunnels were
six limes and thirteen times ns great
as by the Slmplon lunnel. Tbe exports
wero respectively twice and six times
as great by these older routes as by
the new Slmplon rond.
Farming ut night Is the Innovation
Jusi Introduced by E. W. Fowler, who
lives twelve miles west of Lodl, Cal
Fowler has twn crews of six men each
and bus been ploughing night and day.
Immense senrchllgbts are attached to
the ploughs and the laborers declare
that they can see at night almost as
well ns during the dny. An Incongruous feature of the work Is that when
the night crew Is eating breakfast at
six o'clock at night the day crew Is
eating supper from the same table.
Fowler Is planting 2,000 acres of barley and has resorted to tho novel
scheme of working twenty-four hours
a day In order that ho mny get the
grain In before the heavy rains.
If you are a man you know how men
lovo women.   If you are a woman you
know how women love men.
In thc acetylene-burning lighthouses
nlong the Panama Canal will be Installed copper cylinders exposed to the sun.
When the sun rises in the morning nnd
the rays fall upon these cylinders they
will expand nnd dose valves that admit gas to the burners, As night approaches nnd the sun's rays diminish
In power the cylinders will contract and
ngnln turn on thc gas. which will be
ignited by small pilot Jets.
A GREAT deal has been written and
much mure has been said on this
same subject; it is as trite, as a
subject, as one  might find  connected
With Iho automobile industry,   So what
is there left for me to say?
In the first place, let us take the
title of this article itself. Everybody
lias heard of the family automobile.
Yot, in fact, it does not exist; there is
nu such thing. There are thousands
of automobiles, I will admit, that start
nobly out to fill the bill; but thoy fall
to achieve. And all on account of the
Anybody and everybody in tho family
drove the family horse, It didn't improve him any, but they drove him just
the same. And that Is where thc difference comes In. The more the horse
was driven by different people and the
older he grew, tbe easier he was to
handle; but It is not so with thc automobile. The reason is plain: The
younger the horse and the less experienced he was, the harder he was to
manage, no matter how skilled the
driver might bo; hard work nnd plenty
of it, under different drivers, generally
thoroughly "broke" him. In other
words, ho became educated, learned
how to behave himself; In fact, the
average family horse may be said to
have known more about how to properly conduct himself when between
tho shafts than the average driver
knew about driving. And a great
blessing It was for him that he could
learn. Suppose he hnd no more Intelligence than a machine! What would
have become of him? And thore you
havo tho difference—the automobile
cannot learn, and has to take the consequences.
There Is a saying that no two automobiles are exactly alike, that each and
every one has its own individual peculiarities. This is true only in the same
sense lhat no two watches are exactly
alike—or lhat they will run exactly
alike with precisely the same adjustment. It is but a step from watches
to the family clock, which gives me
opportunity to draw another comparison. Suppose everybody takes a hand
at winding a twenty-four-hour clock.
What is the result? lt runs down sooner or later. And suppose everybody In
lhe family tries each in his own way
to keep that clock adjusted so It will
run "to a tick" with observatory time.
The chances are It never will tell the
right time. And whose fault is it?
Not the clock's, surely? Finally, thc
automobile, like the clock, being a mere
machine cannot adjust itself to the
abuses of ibe family. Only a wise old
horse or a very well paid servant can
do that.
No two people nre exactly nlike or to
he depended upon to between Ihem,
and turn about, handle nn nutomoblle
or any olher machine as successfully
as one person alono will do lt. As often
as possible the locomotive is assigned
to one particular engineer and the taxi-
cab Is given to one particular chauffeur to drive, because of this; often at
the expense of a considerable amount
of service on the part of the engine or
car occasioned by the fact that with a
"shift" of drivers it could be made to
work overtime. It follows that, If the
family has but one automobile lt will
give longer and belter service if some
one person hns entire charge of It.
More than two drivers in the family to
one automobile, I should say, is certainly inadvisable, ln many families
experience has brought out the fact
thnt it is better to have two or three
ears of moderate price. If necessary,
lhan only one hlgh-prlceq car. This,
of course, not only minimizes the possibility of troubles arising from any
conflict of management, but may more
thnn double or triple the service, convenience and pleasure.
The automobile has heen perfected
and simplified to such a degree that
It Is more fool-proof and easier handled by nny average person than almost
any other similarly complicated machine. Thousands upon thousands of
them nre driven every day by people
who know nothing more about them
Ihon how to shift the levers. Now you
perhaps are thinking that, this being
the case, I havo been making a great
slir about nothing—that anybody can
run an nutomoblle once the shifting
uf those levers and handling the steering wheel arc learned. Quite true. If
only the "occasional" driver would
make a thoroughly good job of learning
to do those things and let it go nt that!
But he (or she) Is rarely satisfied with
Let us lake one good example: H Is
generally admitted lhe carbureter of
any automobile Is adjusted at the factory so as to give the greatest efllelen- ,
ey. Every automobile salesman or re* j
palrman will ndvlse against changing j
that adjustment—unless you know
What you are nbont; for the reason*
that it takes either a great deal of ex-1
perl men ting or else both experience]
and line Judgment to properly re-adjusl
a carbureter which hns been tnmpered
wilh. Now lUppOU Ibere Is wuter in
lhe gasoline, something which may
happen If thc fuel Is not properly
Itfatned as It Is poured into the tank,
and some of this has got down Into
lhe carbureter. The result Is, the engine skips, loses power, or perhaps
stops altogether. What does the In*
Xpert driver do—ho who drives the car
only occasionally nnd has never taken
the trouble to lenrn nnyihlng more
about It than how to shift the levers
and handle the steering wheel? Let
us suppose he suspects the trouble Is
In the carbureter; usually he does not,
but lays It to the Ignition. But we save
time and space by giving him the benefit of the doubt. What does he do? Up
goes thc hood, and after starting thc
engine (If It will start) nnd ns It skips
and runs by fits and starts, he under- j
takes to correct what ho assumes to
be faulty adjustment of thc needle-
valve or of tho auxiliary air valve of
the carbureter, although he has never
before attempted to adjust thnt or any
other carbureter. And Instead, under
lhe circumstances, thnt should be the
very Inst thing he should do. Whnt
he should do, nnd could do without
complicating matters, and what a com-
petent driver would do the very first
thing, would be to open the druin-eoek
at the bottom of the carbureter. Waler
or any sediment always remains at the
bottom of (he carbureter flout chamber
and can generally bo drained off in ihls
way. ln fact, 1 might say that ninety
per cent, of the carbureter troubles of
lhe average driver, when they do occur,
and that Is rarely, can he disposed of
by the simple expedient of draining off
a cupful of gasoline frum the bottom of
the carbureter. Meantime, our friend
who drives only occasionally has gone
to the nearesl telephone. And the
"regular" driver will have the task of
getting that carbureter back to proper
My example suggests difficulty in
handling the automobile; but as a matter of fact It would cause the competent driver no more trouble than It
would be to get out of the family surrey and unchock the family horse for
a drink at the water-trough. The
horse would acquaint an Inexperienced
driver wilh his desire for a drink by
turning In to the trough and Jerking
his head at the cheek-rein; that is
more than we can expect an automobile to do, 1 must admit.
But the average family cannot afford
to choose between a high-priced car
and two or three of moderate cost. So
this article is written for the benefit of
the family-wlth-one-car. And its purpose is not to discourage more than
one person in the family driving, but
rather to point out a very simple way
of getting mure service and satisfaction out of that one car.
Let some one person in the family—
you know whom without a second's
hesitancy—have entire charge of the
car. Let those others in the family
who want tu drive be accountable to
him, obey his instructions, and always.
If pusslbie, leave It to him to make anr
necessary or desirable changes of adjustment. Under this arrangement it
will be his duty to se.; that _i ail limms
the car Is properly tuned up. and hia
privilege to say It must not be used If
for any reason it needs attention. H**
wlll soon learn tu know its "'u.irU' and
what uny variation in that bark means.
Then he will begin tu real!
joy of motoring, ample reward r i*-
Burning all responsibility for thc good!
behaviour of "the family autumn.u.**.'
rpiiERE are characteristics sag-?***-*
JL     tlve of tbe automobile, m*   i
plane, the motor-boat, and tft«
cutter, too, In the mechanical (Heigh
that lias lieen manufactured in France
for the Count de Lesseps, w ■ ■.-■;*
to use the machine in Canada. _e On
count is an accomplished aerapbuxtU
as well as an autontobUfst, ind the
snow craft was built to i ■ -. •
iho designer of the Chauviarc lhmtTmf_
aeroplane propeller, it is not ses_ngn
that so many features from __f_nmt
sources should have been eambixred _,
the attempt to produce a suec___U1
and satisfactory mechanical sleigh. The
automobile hood of the body Mfenda
neatly inlo the boot-Shaped body,
which terminates in a stern wnh i cutter effect that carries the twa-hladed
aeroplane screw. There is mom for
two person*? in the front seat utd i
third passenger can be accommoffiU Id
In a single seat behind them. Tha
frame of the machine Is of *oo<& -xnit
there are no springs between . md
the flat, ski-like runners. The forward
runners can be turned by the stcering--
wheel as in an automobile a light;
four-cylinder motor of aeronautical
type furnishes the power. Tha forward end of the propeller ihafl -.-I connected with the rear end of the .rlvlnn
shaft by a chain and sprockets that reduce the encine speed of 1..00 ra<
tions per minute to 300 revolutions for
the propeller. Instead of the usual
automobile change-speed gearing there
Is a marine type reverse gear. For use
In slopping there is a hinged bar under
lhe centre of the body which has strong
irun teeth, which can be raised or lowered into contact with the ground or
ice by means of rods and a lever.
While others have been experimenting with wireless telegraph apparatus
adapted for use on aeroplanes and automobiles, Mr. I. Wolff, a young inventor living in Cambridge, Mass.. has
been endeavoring to develop a system
ihnl cun be used successfully on a
bicycle. He has succeeded in maintaining communication between tUfl
own wheel and lhat of nn associate
three and one-quarter miles away. This
communication was obtained without
B ground, for the rubber tires Insulated
lho nppurntus completely from the
earth. For an atrial, he uses three
dOUblS spreads of phosphor bronze
wire, each 12.fi feet long, joined tn one
loop at the top of a 10-foot masl. which
Is tied to the back of lhe bicycle. The
sending apparatus comprises sn ln-
ductlon-coll giving a 3-Inch spark, a
series of l.eyden Jar condensers connected In multiple, a battery secured
under the instrument board and a
■ending key. The receiving set enm-
prlses n tuning cull of variable Inductance, a silicon detector, nnd a receiver
wound to i.ooo ohms resistance. For
the aerinl, a 8-Wlre single spread of
phosphor bran, is used. Experiments
wilh this apparatus were conducted at
nl«ht In order lo avoid loo much publicity. The greatest distance was obtained nt the hour of 2 a.m. The assistant with the sending Instrument rode
ahead, sending messages ns he went,
while the receiver mn mured to keep In
constant touch wllh him.
The record for point-to-point ballooning In England wns recently broken
by C. F. Pollock. A distance of two
hundred and forty miles was made In
ten mlnutCB under eleven hours, from
Pembroke Dock ga« works to Wltham.
k 2
Parson's Store
Clothing and   Furnishings !
Formerly (Tbe New Era.)
Printed mul imblinlied every Thtinulny from Uh
office. WY-tminster Street, I'hllliwni-k.
Subiiript ion price -Jt.oo i>cr year in advance to nil
points hi British Empire : to United Stati-H $i.w.
DUpIity ndvertl-lnft mien made known on application to thr publisher.
Clfts-.ll.ed udvertliementj, 1 cent por word eacb
insertion, pnyidik' ib advance.
OlHplay lulvtT titer a will pleas* remember that
to insure a cliatitrc. copy must bo in not later than
Wiiliu-j—iv uionilmt.
C. A. BARBER, Publisher and Proprietor.
The Public Meeting
Was  a Big Success.   Sewerage,
High School, Drill Hall and
Water Works Discussed.
j HART BLOCK   chilliwack
I The Fraser Valley Nurseries 1
Including Apples, Pears, Plums, Cherries, Small
Fruits, and Ornamental Shrubbery.
For Full Particulars, write
General Manager,
District Agent f
*' ' i
Successor to WM. ARCHIBALD
Estimates Given
Phone 58
P.O. Box 265
Electric Cooking Appliances j
 — i am. I    TM    *¥!___        a
El Perco
For your niornin|i
cup of coffee.
Prico $7.50 _ $8
El Stovo
The heating iliac for
general li«lit cook
El Tosto
Makes delicious
toast on a moments
notice.    Price $4
| Too well known to
need special  mention
Price |4.75
Sco tlioso appliances at our Cliilliwac-k Offlce.
All are Operated from an Ordinary Lighting Socket
B. C Electric Railway Co, Limited
Tlio public meeting called for last
Thursday night at the city hall for
the purpose'of discussing thc money
by-laws and other important mutters in connection with tho future
and development of thc city was
very largely attended. Mayor
Waddington occupied tlic chair,
and in ojiening tlie meeting paid
his respects to ihe Attorney General's department for the treatment
the city had received in connection
with the refusal of the department
to allow the place to lie used as a
council chamber. The cilv was
now independent in this respect,
having a building which was a
credit to thc city and builders. The
building, tho Mayor stated, was one
to be proud of, and was also a monument to the city's prosperity.
In view of the fact that the city
has so splendidly endorsed the
High School and Drill Hall Site
By-laws it will not be necessary for
the Free Press to dilate on the
splendid addresses given by Chairman Barber of the School Board,
C. E. Eckert and Captain Coote
pertaining to theso questions. Mr.
Barber gave a brief review of education in the valley for the past fifteen years and dealt with the urgent need of increased facilities in
the High School department, pointing out thc many advantages which
would be derived from the presence
of a modern and thoroughly equipped institution of this kind in the
city. The government assistance
of fifty per cent, of the cost was an
important matter and he, in common with thc other members of thc
board, hoped, in the best interests
of tho important matter of education, the citizens would endorse thc
proposed by-law. Aid. Eckert
dealt with the question of cost and
thc proportion payable yearly according to assessment.
A. L. Cooto did not want to see
the Drill Hall Site By-law turned
down as the deal was a most
splendid bargain for the city. The
hall would have a three story front,
would be of concrete construction
and cost 830,000. Thc building
would lie fitted with a gymnasium,
etc., and would afford a much
needed rendezvous for boys from thc
ages of seventeen to thirty, especially during the winter months, A
caretaker and instructor would be
engaged and the hall conducted on
approved lines. It would also be
available for purposes other than
Mr. Cameron, of Vancouver, was
present and on being introduced
explained in detail thc plan and
system submitted to thc council by
him, as the best and most economical method of sewerage collection
and disposal. A gravity system for
Chilliwaek was not practicable,
hence the sewerage would have to
be lifted. In this it is important
that there should be no leakage.
There were various systems of pumping but they were all costly both as
to installation and maintenance.
In his opinion the pneumatic ejector system was thc best for Chilliwaek's needs, whereby thc sewage
was automatically forced hy compressed air to higher levels at the
ejector stations. The system had
passed the experimental stage, being in operation in seventy-two
towns and cities in England and
similar systems wore in successful
operation in Winnipeg and Chicago.
The system outlined for present
needs would cost about 810,000,
which included the outfall works.
Thc  maximum  depth  of   sewers
would bo eight feet and  the  mini-'
muni tour foot.   The disposal works
would consist of a system of tanks
and overflows, tho affluent being
carried to the river. For the system proposed one flush lank of '200
gallons capacity to discharge automatically every twenty-four hours,
together with a proportion of storm
and surface water would be all the
wator flushing required. The tanks
and ejector stations were not costly.
Several questions were asked and
answered satisfactorily. Many who
were doubt fill as to the feasibility
of a sewerage system for Cliilliwnck
except at enormous cost were convinced that a system as outlined by
Mr. Cameron was what Chilliwack
The Mayor emphasized the need
of sewerage for Chilliwack at once
and expressed bis approval of thc
plans submitted by Mr. Cameron.
The cost was very moderate when
compared with previous estimates
and there was no doubt but that
tho system would meet local needs.
A fair proportion of the cost of a
trunk sewer would be assessed to
tin! properties benefitted, so that
thc man on. the outside would  not
be overtaxed for the protection
. given, by a removal of the sewage
| from the more congested districts,
where even now its presence is a
positive menace to the life and
health of the citizens as ii whole.
The Mayor then took up the waterworks system and explained the
situation as has been published
in the columns of the Free Press
from time to timo, Aid. Eckert
explained the financial side of the
proposition. Iu his opinion by
purchasing the system the cily
would secure a profit-making concern which would pay for itself, in
which case the purchase would simply lie a cost against the credit of
the city. That the proposal to purchase is favorably considered by u
majority of the ratepayers is shown
by the vote on Monday.
tn regard to securing the electric
light equipment it was learned that
afternoon that the B. C. Electric do
not wish to sell as it would establish
a precedent but that a reduction of
rates was under consideration. The
Mayor stated that he had asked
Premier McBride to take up the
matter direct with the London directors of the company on his present visit to England, lt was also
stated that thc monthly revenue for
light and power service at Chilliwack averaged 81250.00 per month.
Thc meeting was a splendid one,
the council chamber being rilled to
capacity, and much interest was
taken in the proceedings.
* *
Established   OF CANADA      18M
Paid up Capital and Reserve $11,400,000
We give special attention to Savings Accounts. One
Dollar only is necessary to open an account, interest
allowed at highest Bank rate and added twice a year.
No delay in withdrawals. Two or more persons may
open a joint account and cither party can withdraw
^ Manager
Of Comfort and
stands for the ln-st in
the art of lutggy manufacture.
See Them at Onr New Warehouse
Our lines of Implements for spring work arc complete
Cultivators Potato Planters
Harrows Plows, Etc.
For Farm Power our Gasoline
Engine  will  Interest   YOU.
| Chilliwack Implement $ Produce
Little souls never built a big
Few men are a profit in their
own town unless they advertise.
Your local newspaper woriis for
its own; does all it can to build up
the place, advance thc interest of
its citzen, draw trade to the town,
puts money into the pockets of the
business men, adds to woll-being of
all. Such a paper is enttled to the
liberal patronage from the town and
community it works for.
Chilliwack Land and Development Co. Ltd.
It Has Beta Proved
Thai Machela, Nature's Scalp Tonic,
lias, a record fssr growing hair—95 cases
out s.f lo.i U is ills- only remedy ever
discovered tliat is similar to tlie natural
hair foods or liquids of the scalp. Ks-
luovi-st .laii.lrntl. Prevents falling hair.
Each package contains a packet of
Machela Dry Shampoo Powder. Price
for i-ompls-te home treatment, $1 tm.
Sold and guarantee.! hy II. J.   Burlier.
Real Estate, Fire, Life,   Accident,
Live Stock and Plate Glass
Choicest List of Farm Lands and
City Property.
Box 109
Phone 178 Chilliwack, B.C.
For Sale
Handsome hay mar, ll years old, good
to ride or drive.   Has been driven by a
Udy.   Also Isnggy and harness.    Apply
South Sitinas.
Hackney Stallion
for Sale
DRAKE REG. 818.   1 will oxchaiig,
lor acrviigo or Ileal Ksstut.', ciisih or time,
Wc have in stock a number of standard doors, assorted
sizes, which wc purchased nt a snap price.    Wc bought
these doors right and will sell them right.
The Prices Range From
$1.75 to $2.15
Compare these with regular prices and come and see the
doors. Come early as they will not last long at these prices.
i      P. 0. Box 243
Phont L2442
Chilliwack Planing Mills
Five and Ten Acre Homesites
Cleared and in the Best Localities, ranging in
price from $250 and upwards.
For Full Particulars Apply to
F. J. HART & CO., LTD.
The Chilliwack
Open every evening from
7.30 to 10, and Saturday
from 2.80 to 5.
We have u new and up-to-date
plant with the lulesl iiu-iIidiIh for all
kinds of Cleaning, liy-imt and "rests-
Inii.    Expert help f.ir sill branches.
Special attention will be given mall
Mail and Uxor. »* orders Irom Chilli
wa.-kand ih. Valley, \V. silieii uiriiil.
42B   9th AVE.   W..  VANCOUVER
K.  ,\.  HENDBHRON, O.K. & M.E.
B,(l, Land 8iuiv_voii
Kihsiiih 10 A 11, Westminsur Trust Block
.1(1!IN   II. C.I.AI'OHTON
HAHItl-'I'K.ll. sOI.ICITOll,
Westminster Trust Building
City of ChilliwacK
Notice is hereby given thai the first
silting of ilu- (Jourl .>f Revision ol the
City of Olillllwack, for llm yeur 1912,
will Ih- held ut the City Hull, Chilliwuek,
on Thursday the -ml .lay .if Muy, 1913,
St 10 o'clock «. in., for the purpose of
hearing and determining complaints
against the assessment us made hy the
■swesssor, uml revising und correcting the
usstssiiit'iii roll.
Any |H-rsoii complaining nguinst the
asi-s.«»iiii-iil must (five notice in writing
to the assessor, of the ground of his
complaint, at lenst ten day. before the
date of ths' said tirst sitting of the Court
of Revision.
Duted at the City Hall, Chilliwaek
this 25th day of March, 11112.
British Colombia Electric Ry.
Leave Arrive
Train.       Chwk. Wesimin.
3 8.30 a.m. 11.20
5 LIS p.m. 3 45
7 B.OOp.m. S.40
l>oave Arrive
Train      Htg.ln. Wcstinin.
1 6.30 a.m. 3.65
Leave Arrive
Traiii        Van. Wesimin.
2    8.30 a.m. 9.30
' 12.15 noon 1.20
8 6.00p.m. 6.10
I,cavc        Arrive
Train       Van.      Wcstinin.
6 3.0D p.m.
Lve. Chilliwack 5.00 a.m. I Daily Except
"   Vancouver 7.00   "   i     Sunday
All passenger trains handle Express.
Fresh Bottled Milk and Cream
delivered daily to any part
of the city
Order for Horning Delivery.
City Dairy
Electric Co.
House Wiring
J. H. Patterson
W. lllngloii St., o|ip 0|scra lions..
Notified to vacate my present warehouse beforo May
1st. and no other place to
get. So I must get rid of
a lot of goods before then,
which will not be hard if
cheap prices are appreciated.
Mahogany Dressers
Parlor Table*
Nutic Cabinets
Parlor Cabinets
■ '!>■ ""■■}-# ■.-«*I_*VI.1,. I f-il
City Market
Main Street, Vancouver
This market is operated by the City as a
means of bringing the
producer and consumer
together. You are invited to send your produce. We handle everything from tho farm,
(excepting milk.) By
consigning your produce
to the City Market vou
will get the best prices,
sharp returns, nnd very
prompt settlements.
jorn McMillan
20 pcr cent, off for Cash
All Odd Mahogany Parlor
Chairs at Cost.
Woolen Blankets, Flannel
Blankets, Extra Large-
size Sheets, Pillows
15 per cent off
Comforts from $1.50to $15
at cost.    Now is tlie
time to buy these goods.
W. B. Trenholm
"Mof fit's Best"
At D. B.  Hall's House
Wednesday, April 24th.
From 10 a. m. to 6 p. m.
Eighty Barrels at
$6.00 per bbl.
Assignees for D. B. Hall
ia—araa •__■___■•_*
Local and General
Advertise in thc Free Press.
A man who sits by the fire; smokes
his pipe and reads the newspaper,
while his fruil wife carries thc water
and fuel, fixes up the fire to keep
him warm, is not worthy of such a
woman's willingness.
Don't let repairs
eat up your profits
Whether they represent actual cash outlay, or
only the time of yourself and your help, repaira
are waste just the same. When you make an
improvement—no matter how small its cost may
be—let it be permanent. Then it is a real investment, something on which you can realize in cash should you decide to
sell your property; and something that will pay you constant
dividends in convenience, sightliness and comfort as long as
the farm remains your own.
Concrete It   -vements Are Permanent
They last as long as t>» very hills themselves. They do not
require experts to bulifl them. Their first cost, in most cases,
is no more than for inferior materials.
Aren't you interested in the subject of permanent, modern
farm improvements f
Then write for thc book that describes hundreds of them—
It Isn't • Catalogue. Bv.ry on. of It. ISO h.nd.omelv lllu.tr.ted p.g.t li Isst.r-.t.
Ing and iss.tn.ctT.se thpy ts-i. how tn ml. concrete, how to pt.ee It, what cn be done
•Ith It   Th. book wae printed to sell for S> cente, but we nave • copy fer you, Ir...
Yeur   name   and  addrtu en • postal will bring thla book
Mail the po.tr.nt to.iky     The book will come to you by
return mall.     AsMrm
Eighty barrels ol Hour are advertised in the Free Press to-day.
Price 80.00 per barrel. See advt.
for particulars!.
The criminal lint at the forthcoming fitting of Assize Court,
which ppens in New Westminster
on May 7, is one of the lightest,
both as to the number and nature
offences, that has come befoic the
Grand Jury recently. In all there
aro ten cases.
Tho ninety third anniversary of
the order will be commemorated by
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and visiting brethorn, on Sunday April 28 at threo p. in., by attending Divine service in Cook's
Presbyterian church. Further notice of thc service appears elsewhere
in this issue.
The members of Sardis Women's
Hospital Auxiliary arc making
preparations for a large"At Home"
on the evening of April 30th at thc
home of Mrs. J, II. Suart and any
one who can possibly attend this
evening will find it woll worth their
while. A splendid program is heing prepared as well as excellent
refreshments being served.
Announcement is made of thc
fact that Washington capitalists have
completed their arrangement- for
tho construction of a Bash and door
factory on thc Huntingdon side,
states the SumiiH News. The final
touches were put to the deal on
Monday last, when Mr. Nash, of
American Mill, closed the deal for
the site of the new factory, which
be situated just north of thc Electrical Lumber Comany's plant. The
trackage facilities of this location
arc excellent as the spurs from both
the C. P. It. and the B. C. Klectric
Railway are  already  constructed.
By-laws for the purpose of enabling tho Merritt City council *o borrow the sum of forty thousand dollars for the purpose of building and
installing a pump and water distribution plant throughout the city,
another for the purpose of raising
twenty thousand dollars to to instal
an electric light plant and another
to secure a loan of ten thousand dollars for sidewalk construction and a
fourth to raise thc sum of three
thousand dollars to secure thc school
property free of charge, will lie voted
on in that city on April 25.
Bee keepers wil be reminded that
F. D. Todd, Foul Brood Inspector,
will hold a series of Apiary demonstrations in Chilliwack district, as |
follows: Saturday, April 20at Isaac
Kipp's, Chilliwack: Monday, April
22, Jno. McCutoheon's, Cbilliwa.k:
Tuesday 23 at A.E. Willis's, Chilliwack; Wednesday 24 at J. W.
Fletcher's, Sardis; Thursday, 25 at
Mrs. Mercer's, Rosedale; Friday Jno
Chapman's, Munro. Hive cotstruc-
tion will be demonstrated and if
weather be favorable hive manipulation will be shown. Bee keepers
are requested to bring along emptv
hives with croaked or tangled combs
in order that thc lecturer can show
how they may be straightened and
trued. Special instructions in con
trol of swarms is to be a feature of
the course.
A meeting of the Hospital Auxiliary was held on Monday April 15
with nineteen member present.
The treasurer reported 1126.79 or.
hand. Mrs. Rutherford was appointed convenor of the work committee. Mrs. Patten and Mm. Day
visitors to the hospitnl. The
Dramatic Society has promised to
give an entertainment early in June.
A garden party will beheld towards
tho end of June in the grounds of
Mrs. I.arter, Hope RiVcr. Mrs.
Suart reported 848 on hand and
an increasing number of members
of the Sardis branch. They intend
holding an "At Home" on April 30
at the residence of Mrs. Suart to
which all arc invited. Messrs Denmark A- Burton have kindly promised to tnkc charge charge of any
donations that may be left in town
for thc Hospital.
Mr. William Sampson, often described as "The Cornishnuui on
Fire," if well known to thousands
of our readers as a fervent evangelist of the old typo- There are few
parts of England where his converts
are not to be found. Twice many
years ago, Mr. Sampson visited the
West Indies with the late Rev.
Alexander McAulcy, and many
striking scenes of conversions were
witnessed during tlieir touts. Throe
years ago Mr. Sampson pud a
successful visit to Canada, and he
proposes to go again in September
next, extending his tour to the
farthest West. He claims to have
travelled over 700,000 miles to
preach the gospel. Wc trust that
his coming journey may be as
fruitful of blessing to those among
whom he labors as in tbt past.
Many prayers will be offered for
his safety and success.—Methodist
Recorder, England.
Free Proas Printing PlMses.
Goi ng to Paint?
Then use
The Sherwin-Williams Paiht
t asso .staiD,
and you'll get satisfaction.
It's the best protection
you can give your house.
It's made from pure white
lead, pure zinc white, and pure^
linseed oil.
It does not powder,  Hake
or crack.
It forms a tough, durable film
that wears and looks well lor the
longest time.
It's colors are clear, bright and
It costs less by Uie job than any
other paint made.
The full color card shows 48
handsome ihades.   S.. W, p. la
I measur
put up full I
, a/ways.
Easter Furnishings
Smart Negligee Shirts for
Hen From $1.00 to $4.50
HESE GOODS are fresh from Canada's fore-
TP       most shirt manufacturers.   Every uuin whu
** is in need of a supply of new Spring Shirts
 I    should see our range.
Swell New Easter Neckwear. Every tie manufacturer makes an extra effort at Easter time to ^.-t out
attractive neckwear. This new Easter neckwear arrived last week and is the swellest range of Ties ever
imported into Chilliwaek. See them at Your Outfitter Store.
Chas. Parker
Your Outfitter. Fit-Reform dot__
Mountain View
We have for sale an ideal building lot on Second
Avenue, close in, whieh can be bought for
$475 cash
If you intend building it will pay you to call on us
for particulars.
Chas. Huteheson Q Co.
Household Articles
Tho littio immersion heater. 11 0 i 1 s
water in a tow
El Stovo
The   stove
which    boils
your     kettle
all cooking
purposes as
well as toasting.
El Perco
Makes delicious coffee
in   at   few
mi lilies.
Phone 257        S.   Pl/GH CWBhwl 01HI.UYVACK FREE PRESS
•Copyright, 1011
[By Small, Maynanl & Co., Inc.
CHAPTER X. (Continued)
Tho Emigrant Spirit
npHE Cacl that tho boy's fellows
JL wore all of a kind wua what had
disturbed mo even In iln; llttlo
suburban grammar school. ITor that
matter i can see now thut even for
Uuth ami me ihis samonosB wan a
handicap fnr hoih ua und uur neighbors, Thore wns no clash. Thoro was
n dead level. 1 don't believe that's
good for either buys or men or for
Supposing this open duor policy did
admit a fow worthless youngsters Into
the school and supposing again that
the private school didn't admit such
of a different order (which 1 very much
doubt) along with theso Dick wus going t>> iind here tbe men—(lie past hud
proved this and the present wus proving It—who eventually would become
our statesmen, our progressive business men, our lawyers und doctors—If
nut our conservative bankers, For one
graduate of sueh a school us my former surroundings had made me think
essential for the boy, 1 could count now
a dozen graduates of this very high
school whu were distinguishing themselves In thu city. Thc hoy wus going tu meet here the same spirit 1 wus
getting in touch with among my emigrant friends—a zeal for life, a belief in the possibilities of life, un optimistic determination to use these
possibilities, which somehow the blue-
blooded Americans were losing. It
seemed lo me that life was getting
stale for the fourth and fifth generation. 1 tried to make the hoy see this
point of view. 1 went buck again
with him to the pioneer Idea.
"Dick," I said in substance, "your
great-great-grandfather pulled up
stakes and came over to this country
wheu there was nothing here but trees,
rocks and Indians. It wus a hard flght
but a good lluhl and he left a son tu
carry on the light. So generation after generation they fought, hut somehow they grew a bit weaker as they
fought. Now," I said, "you and I are
going to try to recover that lost
ground. Let's think ourselves as like
our great-great-grandfathers, We've
just cume uver here. So have about a
million others. The fight is a different
fight today, Put it's no less a flght and
We're going to win. We have a good
many advantages that these newcomers haven't. Vou see them making
good un every side of you, hut I'll bet
they can't lick a good American—when
lie isn't asleep. You and I are going
to muke good too."
"Vou bei we are, Dad," he said, with
his eyes grown bright.
"Then," 1 said, "you must work the
way the newcomers work. I don't
want you to think you're any better
than they are. You aren't. But
you're just us good und these twu
hundred years we've lived here ought
to count  for something."
The* boy lifted his head at this.
"Vou make me feel us though we'd
Just landed with the Pilgrims," he said.
"Su we have," 1 said.      "June seventh
of this very year we landed on Ply-
moulh Kock just ns our ancestors did
two centuries ago. They've been all
this lime paving the way fur you and
me. They've built roads and schools
aud factories and it's up to us uuw to
use them. You und I have Just landed fnun England. Let's see what
we cun tlo as pioneers."
I wanted to get at tho young American In h'iin. I wanted him to realize that he was something more lhan
lhe son of his parents; something
more than just an average English -
speaking hoy. 1 wanted him to feel
Ibe Impetus of the big history back
uf him and the big history yet tu be
made ahead of him. He had known
nothing of tliat before. Tbe wurd
American had no meaning to him except when a roglment nf soldiers was
marching by. I wanted him to feel
ull the time as he did when bis throat
grew lumpy with the hand playing and
the stars and stripes Hying on Fourth
of July or Decoration Day.
I urged him to study hard as the
Ilrst essential towards success, but 1;
also told him to get Into the school
life. I didn't want him lu stand hack I
us bis tendency was und watch the
other   fellows.       1   didn't   Want   him   tn
sit in the bleachers—at least not until he had proved that this was lhe
place for him. Even then I wanted
him iu lead the cheering, I wanted
him In lest himself In lhe literary BO-
cletleSi the dramatic clubs, un thu
athletic field, in other words, instead
of remaining passive 1 wanted him to
take  an  aggressive  attitude  towards
Il1'i<.       in   sllll  Othor Words,   Instead  of
being a middle-dosser i wanted him
to nei something ef tho omlgranl
Hpirit. Ami I had th** satisfaction ut
seeing him be*In his work with lhe
germ of that Idea In his brain,
in ih" meanwhile with the approaoh
nf   COld   Weather   I   BttW   a   new   Hem   of'
expense loom up In the form uf 000.1.
We bad used kerosone all summer, imi
now it became nocessary fur the sake
ef heat to got u stove. For a week I
I look what time 1 could spare and
wandered around among the Junk
shops looking for a second-hand stove,
and finally found just what I wanted.
I paid throe dollars fur it and it cost
me aim! her dollar to bave some small
repairs mado. I sei it up myself in
lhe living room which we decided lo
use us a kitchen fnr Ihe winter. Itut
when I came tu look Into the mutter
of gettl1"**; coul down hero I found 1
wus facing a prclly serious problem,
Coal had lieen a big Item in the suburbs, but Ihe wny people around me
were haying it, made It a still bigger
one. No collar accommodations cume
with lhe tenement ami so each one
wus forced to buy bis coal by the
basket nr bag. a basket of anthracite wns costing (hem at this time
nhnut forty cents. This was fur about
eighty pounds of coul, which made the
total cost per ton eleven dollars—nt
least threo dnllnrs and n half over
tho regular price. Even with economy  a  porson  would  use nt  least a
bag a week, This, In leave a liberal
margin, would amount lu about u tun
ami a hair nt' coal during thi! winter
months. 1 didn't like the Idea of absorbing the half dollar or su a week
lhal Uuth was squeezing out towurds
what few clothes we had to buy, In
this way—at least lhe ovor-chargo
part of li. With (lie lirsl basket 1
brought home, 1 said, "1 see Where
you'll have to dig down Intu the ginger Jar this winter. Ullle woman."
She looked as slarllcil as though 1
had lulil her someone had stolen the
"What do you mean?" she nsked.
1   pointed   tu   (he   basket.
"(.'oal* costs ubout eleven dollars n
ton. down here."
When she found out that this wus
ull that caused my remark, she didn't
seem   lu   be disturbed.
"Mllly," she said, "hefore wo touch
the ginger Jar ll will havo to cost
twenty dollars a tun. We'll live on
pea soup and rice three times a duy
before 1  touch that."
"All right," 1 said, "but lt does seem
a pity lhat the burden of such prices
as theso should fall on the pour."
"Why do they?" she asked.
"Because in tbls case," I said, "the
dealers seem to have us where the
wuol is short."
"How have they?" she Insisted.
"We can't buy coul by tho ton, be-
cnuse we haven't any place lo put It.'
She thought a moment and then she
"We could take care of a fifth of a
ton,  Billy.    That's only five baskets."
"They won't sell live any cheaper
than one."
"And every family ln this house
could take care of five," she went on.
"That would make a ton."
1 began to see what she meant and
as 1 thought of It I didn't see why It
wasn't a practical scheme.
"i believe that's u. good Idea," 1 said.
"And if there were more women like
you in thc world I don't believe there'd
be any  trusts at all."
"Nonsense," she said. "You leave it
to mc now and I'll see the olher women In the house. They ure the ones
who'll appreciate a good saving like
She saw Ihem and after a good deal
of talk tbey agreed, so I told Uuth to
toll tbem to save uut of next Saturday
night's pay a dollar and a half apiece.
I was a bll afraid that if 1 didn't gel
the cash when the coal was delivered
I might get stuck on tbe deal. The
next Monday 1 ordered the coal ami
asked to have it delivered late in the
dny. When I came home 1 found thu
wagon wailing ami It created about
as much excitement on the street as an
ambulance. 1 guess it was the first
lime in thc history uf Little Italy that
a coal team had ever stopped before a
tenement. Tbe driver had brought
baskets with him and I filled up one
and look it to a store nearby and
weighed Into it eighty pounds of coal.
With that for my guide 1 gathered
(be uther men of tbe families about
me and made Ihem carry the coal in
while I measured lt out. The driver
whu nt lirst was inclined to object to
tho whole proceeding was content to
lot things go on when he found htm-
.-'■lf relieved of ull the carrying. Wo
emptied the wagon in no time and the
uther men insisted upon carrying up
my coul for me. 1 collected every
cent of my money and incidentally
established myself on a firm footing
with every family in the bouse. Several other tenements later adopted tbe
plan, but the idea didn't take hold the
way you'd have thought It would. 1
tuioss it wus beeauso there, weren't
any more Ilu ths around there to over-
sec thc job. Then, too, while these
people are far-sighted In a good many
ways, tliey are sburl-slgbtcd in others.
Neither the wholesale nur co-operallve
plans appeal tn ihem. For one thing
Uu-y nre suspicious and for another
Ihey don't like to spend any more
lhan they have to day by day. Later
ou, through Uuth's Influence, wo carried our scheme a little farther with
just the people In thc house, and
bought Hour nnd sugar lhat way. but It
was made possible only through their
absolute trust in her. We always
insisted on carrying out every such
little operation on a cash basis and
they never failed us.
Uuth's Influence had been gradually
spreading through tho neighborhood,
She bad found tlmo to meet tbu uther
families in the house and through tbem
had met a dozen more. The Ilrst floor
wus occupied by Mlchele, au Italian
laborer, his wife, bis wife's sister and
two Children, On the second Hour
ibere wm Giuseppe, tbe young sculptor, und his father and mother. The
father was un Invalid and thc lad
■UpportOd Ilu* three. on the third
floor lived a fruit peddler, his wife and
his wife's mother- rather a commonplace family, while the fourth floor was
occupied hy I'lelrn, a young follow Who
sold cut (lowers on ihe street nnd
hoped some flay to have a garden nf bis
own. lie luul two children utul a
grandmother to care for,
It certainly afforded a contrast to
visit those other Hals and tben Uuth's.
Iticht here Is where her superior In-
telllgence came in, nf course. The
foreign-bom women do not so quickly
adapt themselves to the standards of
Ihls country as the men do. Most of
them, as I learned, como from the
country districts of llaly where they
llvo very rudely, Onco here they
mnke (heir new quarters little better
(ban tbelr obi. Tho younger ones,
however, who nre going to school nre
dnfng belter. But taken by nnd large
It was difficult to pcrsunde them thai
cleanliness offered any especial ad-
Vantages, It wasn't as though they
Rllnded the dirt and were chained to It
hy circumstances from which they
couldn't escape—as I UBCd to think.
They simply didn't object to It. So
long as thoy were warm and had fool
enough they were content, They didn't suffer ln any wny that they themselves could see.
But when Uuth first went into tbelr
quarters she was horrified. Sho
thought lhat at length she was face
tu face wilh all tbe misery and squalor
of the slums uf which she had read, I
remember her chalk-white face as she
met me at lhe door upon my return
home ono night, She nearly drove the
color oiU of my own cheeks for I
thought surely that something had
happened lo the boy. But lt wasn't
that; she had beard that the baby un
the Ilrst floor was ill und hnd gone
down there tu see If there wns anything she might do fur It. Until then
she had seen nothing but the outside
of the other doors from the hall and
they looked nu different frum our own.
But once, inside—well, I guess that's
where the Iwo hundred yeurs if not
die four hundred years back uf us native Americans counts,
"Why, Billy," she cried, "It was awful. I'll never get that picture out
of mind If I live to bo a hundred."
"What's   the   matter?"   I   asked.
"Why the poor lillle thing—"
"Whal poor little thing?" I interrupted.
"MIcbele's baby. It lay there In
dirty rags witb its pinched white face
staring up ut me as though Just begging fnr a  dean  bed."
"What's the matter with it?"
"Matter with it? It's a wonder il
isn't dead and buried. The district
nurse came in while. I was there and
told mo,"—she shuddered—"that
they'd been feeding It on macaroni
cooked In greasy gravy. And It isn't
six months uld yet."
"No wonder it looked white," 1
said, romemberlng bow we had discussed for a week the wisdom uf giving
Dick lhe coddled white of an egg al
lhat  ago,
"Why lhe conditions down there ure
terrible." cried Uuth. "Mlchele must
be very, vory poor. The floor wusn't
wushed, you couldn't see out of the
Windows, and tbe clothes—"
She held up ber hands uuablo to
find words.
"That dues sound bad," i said.
"It's criminal. Billy—we can't alio",-/
a family in the same house with us
lo suffer like lhat, can we?"
I shook my head.
"Then go down and see what you
can do. I guess we can squeeze oul
lifty cents for ihem, can't we, Billy?"
"I guess you could squeeze fifty
cents out of a stone for a sick baby,"
I said.
The upshot of it was that I went
down and saw Michele. As Uuth bad
r?ald his quarters were anything but
clean, but they didn't Impress me as
being in so bad a condition as she
had described them. Perhaps my
work in the ditch had made me a litlle more used tu dirt. I fuund Mlchele
a healthy, lemperato, able-bodied man
and I learned thnt bo was earning as
much as 1. Not only tbnt. but lhe
women took in garments to finish and
picked up the mailer of iwu or three
dollars a week exlra. There were five
in tlie family, but they were far from j
being In want. In fact Mlchele laid
a good bank account. They bad all
they wanted to eal, were warm and
really prosperous. There was absolutely no need of the dirt. It was there
because they didn't mind It. A five-
cent cake of soap would have made tbe
rooms clean as a whlslle antl there
were twu women to do the scrubbing.
1 didn't leave my fifty cents, but I came
back upstairs with a better appreciation, if that were possible, of what such
a woman as Uuth means to a man.
Even the baby began to get better as
soon aa lhe district nurse drove into
the parent's head a few facts about
sensible  infant  feeding.
I don't want to make out that life
Is all beer and skittles for tlie tenement dwellers. It Isn't. But I ran
across any number of such cases as
this where conditions were not nearly
so bad ns they appeared on the surface. Taking into account the numlier uf people who were gathered together here In a small area I didn't
see among the temperate and .able-
bodied any worse examples of hard
luck than I saw among my former associates, In fact of sheer, abstract
hard luck 1 didn't see ns much. In
seventy-live per cent, of the cases the
Conditions were of their own mnklng
either ttie mnn wns a drunkard or
the women slovenly or the whole family was Just naturally vicious. Ignorance may excuse sumo of this, but
not all of It. Perhaps I'm not what
you'd call sympathetic, but I've heard a
lul of men talk about these people In a
way lhal sounds to me like twaddle.
I never ran across a family down hero
In stnh misery ns thai Which Steve
Bonnlngton'S wife endured for years
without  a  whimper.
(To be continued)
(■cut need nf a stimulus capable of
arousing the digestion and assimilation
lu increased activity, and this stimul-
allng agency is found in fast walking.
This exercise Increases the appetite,
mul when more food Is assimilated it
naturally follows tbat tbo weight of
Uie body will increase Walking,
therefore, becomes a shorter cut to
health for the overt'al man und he who
is under weight by bringing both to a
normal condition.
'lhe prevailing tendency for persons
in middle life Is tu take un llesh, aud
the best exercise for persons al "this
time" of life is walking, because it eliminates the likelihood of strain and
is performed In the open air. Those
in middle life and elderly peoplo need
all lhe oxygen tbey can get. Walking
keeps ono young nnd supple. Mr.
Weston, tho veteran walker, claims
that "walking pruperly will not only
develop and maintain health ln young
men, but It will in addition rejuvenate
middle-aged men, and give old men a
uew lease on vigorous life." "I have
known," he continues, "scores, even
hundreds, of persona who have put
buck lhe cluck of time twenty, thirty,
even forty yeurs, by taking a courso of
Nature's cure-all, viz., walking."
Horace Greeley called walking two
hundred or three hundred miles ln a
calm, clear October one of the cheap,
wholesome luxuries of life, as free lo
lhe pour as lo the rich. He said his
forty-five miles In a day uver rough
roads would be equal tu fifty miles uf
good roads. Whnt would Horace Oreo-
ley suy if ho could see the condition
of our crowded trolley cars to-day
when we realize that he said almost a
century ago, "The railroads have nearly killed pedestrlaiilsm, and I regrol
Ireland, lu a turmoil lhat was almosl
revolution, culled for a Strong hand.
Men were shot from behind hodgos
week after week, ami It was openly
sta I ed 1 ha I t bo nex t Secretary whu
dared to cross tlie Channel lo take
ii]) his residence at Dublin Castle would
meet a violent death. Into tbls welter of agitation and bloodshed Lord
Salisbury Inducted "Miss Nancy."
olherwlse Mr. Arthur Balfour. Ireland convulsed itself. The Nationalists wept for Joy and the Loyalists
wept tears of disappointment. It was
like sending nn infant into a den of
ferocious lions. It is almost needless
to say whal happened. "The slllten-
sklnned sybarite whose rest would be
disturbed by a crumpled rose-leaf," the
"mollycoddle," "the pampered darling
of a perfumed drawing-room," lost no
time in metamorphosing himself into
"Bloody Balfour," "tbe murderer," the
"plug-ugly," "the devil's right hand
man," "the bludgeoner." Violence
i,*rew less under his government. Murder disappeared from the land. tie
stamped out rapine. He brought
peace and justice Into an unhappy
country; and "Miss Nancy" disappeared forever. Throughout all those trying yenrs the fearless spirit of tbe
young aristocrat glowed like a beacon
for the maintenance of the union. He
never quailed. Against him were
Klants, a dozen at a time—Gladstune,
Murley, 1'arneli, Redmond, Dillon. Sexton, ttliijjar—and he heat them all off
day after day. Later came thc violent assaults of his old friend Lord
Randolph Churchill, fierce, self-assertive, now going rapidly down the
abyss which ended in madness and
death. It was a savage epoch. Lord
Randolph fought his former colleague
like a tiger, aud through it all Balfour remained serene and forceful. And
in this crucible wns formed the new
character. The balling speech was
altered. His debating power rose day
by day until he emerged u master uf
rheturicnl fence. As Churchill went
down, as Gladstone receded, I'arnell.
Blpgnr, one by one faded, the young
Minister rose to great heights, until
in tlie end he was the mnst powerful
man In England, From that day to
tbls there lias never been n mnn who
has dared to suugest tbat Mr. Balfour
was either a weakling or a coward.
Every day in Ireland he carried his
life iu his hands. For months he
walked about lhe country, courageously holding up his head, facing dangers
that confront men only in war time.
He never faltered, ami he carried out
his work of pacification, and when he
returned to take up office ln England
he was a changed man.
ll may sound absurd to make the
itatemenl ibut walking will reduce adipose tissue In the excessively fat man,
and (hat the (bin man will gain weight
through lhe same agency; but such
is Indeed the case. Tuke two men,
one excessively fut nnd tho olher extremely thin, and start them on n
walking regime. Have them Increase
the distance dally till they are each
making ten miles; continue this six
months, nnd what do we find In tho
way of a change In their physical
make-up? We observe lhat tho fat
man has lost weight; lhe symmetrical
outline of his muscles is observed, and
be walks with more ease and pruce
than when ho started. The lean man
baa gained weight, he has a brighter
eye nnd clenrer countenance, und his
general appearance Indicate* mure vigorous life, The renson the fat man
has lost weight and the lenn man gained ll through walking Is duo tn the
fact that it responds to two physiologic
necessities. Tho henvy man's system
Is overcharged with fat, nnd vigorous
walking eliminates and burns It. In
the thin man's system thoro Is an ur-
There are so many ways advocated
for the walker by writers and so-called
health-eulturlstS lhat one Is apt to become confused. Walk with the foot
almost fiat, so that the weight of the
body at each Step Is distributed over
the entire solo of lhe advanced foot.
The heel should touch thc ground first,
not lhe ball of lhe fool, or "tiptoe,"
as many writers suggest. The feel
should point straight ahead, or nearly
sii. Do not ut tempt to stiffen the
knees In mllitnry style, but lei Ihem
give sotnewhut wllh each step. Let
lhe arms swim; naturally al the side;
do not hebl tbem at tin* chest; and
tako a moderately long stride. Keep
the chest well expanded.
If you do considerable walking, you
need nol worry much about lhe correct way. because In order to cover
ground rapidly one will strike the
ground wltb Ilu* heel first, and In a
long walk one who Iocs out will observe Unit there Is nn ever-lncrenslng
tendency lo point tho foot straight
ahead. The posture of the body is
an  Important factor whilo walking.
The proper enre of tho feet Is also
an Important mailer. Never begin a
long walk In new shoes or Oxfords.
New shoes should become adjusted to
the font before a long walk Is taken,
nr thoy will chafe and cause blisters,
The shoe should fit properly; It should
bo of ample width across the toes. The
best shoe Is one with a thick solo and
a soft upper, Inclng n little nbnve the
ankle. Tho foot, liko tho human
brain, hns Its Individuality and should
he accordingly clothed, Sco that thc
stockings fit your feet snugly, so that
no wrinkles will cause blisters and
tho abandonment of your walk.
When on tours lasting several days,
wash the feet well at night and rub
the legs and feet with alcohol. Do
not open blisters during tho day, but
wait till night and give Ihem proper
ireatment. Take a t\vc or ten minute
rest occaslunally. A shurt halt be
fore beginning a steep ascent gives
une fresh strength nnd lowers tho respiration. An occasional slow trot for
a quarter of a mile sometimes reals
one, Harry Chester, thu pedestrian,
claims that up and down hill travelling
rests one, as different sets of muscles
uro employed from those used while on
lhe level country. "If the pedestrian
has to descend a hill," says Mr. Wes
ton, "1 advise that he do ll backwards
This may sound curious, but it is the
outcome, nevertheless, of much exper
lence on my part. By so doing he
avoids much of the Jar that is inseparable from the face-forward position
and at the same time he uses comparatively litlle 'brake power,' this being practically eliminated by the backward pose, of lhe body."
Tho clothing in the summer-time
should be light In texture and color
Dark clothes absorb nnd retain more
of the. sun's rays than the lighter
clothes. After a long walk, and when
perspiring freely, never ride in nn open
street car or sit under an electric fan.
If you are silling around, with th'
clothes wet from perspiration, put on
au overgarment or sweater to prevent
catching cold. In case of sprains of
muscles or tendons the best treatment
Is rest nml hot applications. Elevation
of lhe Injured leg Is also effective In
reducing Inflammation.
The autumn, afler the leaves bave
fallen, Is wllhuul question the best
lime to cul limber. Even the small
limbs uf a tree cut at that season will
harden like bono. Bul If cutting Is
done In early winter, which Is undoubtedly the best available lime, ll Is nil
right to pile In the woods, building
single piles rather high nud woll propped to hinder fulling over, and as much
as   possible   kepi    up   from   Die   dump
ground,   Bul   if  wood-cutting   is  do
layed   till   early   Springtime,   which   to
many   seems   most   suitable,   because
thon (be days are longer uud tlio saw
cuts faster when the snp Is flowing,
there Is danger of the wood souring
and slight decay starting before
the drying-out process is complete.
Thla Is almost certain Iu bo the
case If (be woods are thick and shady,
as they ought I" be. 11 pays under
such conditions to haul (he wood as
split, and pile In tbe open In double
piles ubuut six feet high. If time cun
be fount! lo store such wood In the
wood-shed in early fall, it will be in
| ns nearly perfect condition as one could
ask for. Cured or seasoned ln this
manner, the product Is much superior
io ordinary good wood, even the while
wood of beech being scarcely less valuable than maple. There Is nothing like
a wood-shed for storing firewood afte
it lias been seasoned outside for thre
months or more, but It is just us well
lhat the cracks of the building be not
battened. Gelling an armful of wood
where there Is a roof overhead and the
snow kept out Is not the same kind of
chore that It Is to dig it out of the
drift outside.
In these days of concrete floors, sanitary water systems, modern steel Stan-
cbions, stalls and mangers, the moBt
Important ihing of all Is often overlooked, that of lhe arrangement of the
In designing a stable, there nro several very Important things lo be considered, und of these, possibly, the farmer's pocketbOOk Is the greatest, for.
be it known, Ihe arrangement can be
made to meet with approved modern
methods, and still be kept nt a medium
The health of thc slock must also
be considered, and Ihe convenience of
feeding and tending.
In considering tbe first, the farmer's
outlay, namely, having the cattle facing towards the centre, or, on the other
hand, toward the outside of the bufld-
Ing, the majority of writers claim that
thc latter Is (he belter; and so It Is,
If the ventilation system Is not designed to suit, but, from an economical
point, heading stock towards thc centre Is certainly tbe one to be used. A
system of ventilation for this arrangement costs no more than any other,
and fewer and lighter celling timbers
may be used, and no trusses, us required on the upper lloors. The girders, rest Ins on the shoulder posls
of tbe stalls, come under lhe most
heavily-loaded section of thc building,
nnd Insure It against settlement.
in the olher arrangement, these
shoulder posts are near the outside
of tbe stable, and leave the heavy centre span unsupported, requiring heavy
Umbers, girders uml trusses, which
Ultimately sag and strain the whole
building, If it be of timber-frame construction.
Tho ventilation may be effected In
several ways, and will be efficient as
long us lhe system tends to discharge
pure breathing air at the centre of Unstable and draws the foul air towards
(he sides and away from the breathing
zone, a system bringing the pure ulr
lu below the floor, through tlle pipes,
and discharging through spray-like
openings al each animal, will answer.
If (he foul-air outlets nre situated
along tbe outside wall, behind tbc stock.
Another method Is lo bring lhe fresh
air In at the sides and conduct It
neross the celling to the centre, lu galvanized-Iron pipes, using the same system of foul-alt outlets ns spoken of
for tho previous method.
Some will raise the objection tbat
all the animals' breath will mingle and
any of the above ventilation systems
be breathed over ami over again, bul
will keep the nir from hanging In one
place to be breathed again, as It Is
always travelling back past the bodies
of tho animals, and away from the
In tho matter of feeding, tho centre
pnssage has any other way "beat a
mite," as all chutes from above are In
centre of barn, and ft saves huulltm
lho greater pnrt of tho fodder to the
side chutes, The silo and feed-room
mny bo built at the end of thu building
most convenient to the stock.
Tho convenient Utter-carriers that
aro on the market nt present in *ke tho
removal of the manure n light Job,
and the track may circle from ono dt or
tu the other, running over and dump
ing Into a conveyance to curry Dm
manure nway lo the fields, or van run
Into the manure shed and across from
one side lo lhe other, in the stable.
Replies lo enquiries made by the
United States Bureau of Statistics
among growers and dealers In tbe
principal potato-growing sections ef
the United Slates indicate lhat, en
January 1st, 1012, about .'!.:,1 per cent,
of the crop raised in lull for market—
in the sections Investigated—was Is
the bands of growers, and 8,6 per cent.
In the hands of dealers, as compared
with 40,„ per cent, and 10.ft per e.iit.
respectively on January 1st, 1911; and
41,2 por cent., and 9.ft per cent., respectively, on January 1st, lftio. The total
potato crop for the United Stales le
1911 was 2ft_,7:t7,000 bushels; in 1811
It was 3-t9,03_,()00 bushels, nnd ie 1991
it was 889,106,000 bushels.
Assuming that the same properties
of the potato crop Is markuled each
year, It Is estimated that on January
1st growers held 81,8 per cent. less lhan
they did on January 1st, 1011, site* 41.4
per cent, less than on January 1, Illl;
while dealers held 84,8 per cenL less
thnn on January 1st, 1011, and 16.8
per cent, less than on January 1st,
1010. in olher words, wllh a total crop
In thc past year aboul Hi per cent
smaller than in the preceding year, and
about 25 per cent, smaller (bun two
yonrs ago, the stocks on hand January
1st appears tu be about :t;: p«r cent,
smaller (hail a yeur ago and 41 per
cent, smaller (bun slocks mi band twu
yeurs ago,
in   early,spring,   if  oggs  are  not
galhorod  very  soon  after  being  laid.
tbey   become  so  chilled   lhal   thoy   will
not   hatch,      A   poor   hatcli   may   be
caused by saving (be OggS loo leu*
before setting (hem. Biggs hatch belter by being sei very sunn afier gathering tbem, imi, if ii is necessary, in
ordor to obtain a sufllclont number
for ihe incubator, lo keep some of them
ten days or twu weeks, Uu-y should be
turned nt least every other duy, and
every day would be still bet Ier, and
kepi some place whore the temperature Is about sixty degrees.
Often, nt the close of a hatch that
Is anything but a success, we find, on
breaking some of the ogga remaining,
chicks just ready to break the shell,
but, for some reason, they died before
emerging therefrom. Many different
explanations have/been given for chicks
dying in the shell, and various causes
may be responsible for the untimely
deaths. Often, at some critical time
during Incubation, the temperature in
ihe egg-chamber runs up so high that
the vitality of the embryos Is so wesk-
ened that many of ihem have not
strength to get out of the shell, upen-
1111,' the machine nnd keeping it open
loo long at a time, when chicks aro
hatching, often causes the death of
unhatched chicks; and, because of such
opening of Incubator doors, many a
would-be good hatch has turned out
a failure, lt Is very natural for one
lo want to see how things are working
out behind those incubator doors, but
we^ should restrain our lonyint* and
cultivate patience.
Dr. Johnstun, eldest son uf Gen. P.
I'. Johnston, president of tin* National
Trotting Association, has returned to
New York from Africa, where he went
with Mr. Paul Ralney, and where he
killed thirteen of the seventy-three
lions killed by the expedition. The
growers of livestock had loudly protested against the damage don*-by lions
in that district and had threatened
io ii! »■ poison, when the oflfrera o: the
government gave Mr. Ralney and his
party permission lo shoot In Ihe territory. The farmers were much pleasod
at the way Ihe ranks of ihe prowlere
were thinned. The largest number ef
lions slaughtered In one day was sixteen. Tbo American dogs were ef
great service In revealing the whereabouts of the big game. Dr. Johnston
was chased by a big wounded lion, but
being something of a runner, escaped
the savage beast. The fur of animals
shot In the hot belt of Africa is not
to be compared with lhat of the frozen
regions, and Dr. Johnston prizes more
highly the Polar bear skins lecured
by him in thc previous Ralney expedition.
The Turkish government promises a
publication of unusual Inl crest ln the
shape of the diaries of Sultan Abdul,
playfully called the damned. And yot
they are not diaries In tbe ordlnnry
sense of the word, since this Interesting miscreant never wrote anything,
not even his name. Ills signet served
alf purposes. But he saved everything
that was written to him during thirty-
three years und stowed It nway In one
of the 600 boxes of manuscripts that
were brought to light. These manuscripts ure made up of every conceivable sort of report, whether frum hie
high ministers nr the meanest spy In
bis employ. They nro said io be the
most amazing record of diplomacy, duplicity, cowardice, and cruelty tbat has
ever been preserved. And It waa pre-
erved With unusual care. It wus
known lo be lu existence, but the most
reful search afler the Hultun'a downfall failed lo Iind It. Then the prisoner
himself wns nsked to solve lhe mystery and he did so. There was a secret
door In his bedroom known only te
himsotf and opened by au Ingenious
electrical contrivance, and In this hidden chnmbor the boxes wore found.
But lt seems that even Abdul Ilnmld
hnd something that distantly resembled a virtue. He was passionately
fond of rending, but only books of the
most trivial kind, and yet he rejected
with contempt nnythlng that was oh-
scone or Indecent. Ho preferred nevels
that dealt with cruelly or murder.
During the year 1011, forty warships i
were launched ln   the   British   navy.
These    Included    eight    super-dreadnoughts, carrying 18.fi-lnch guns; two ■
protected    cruisers,    two    unnrmored /
cruisers,    twenty-three    torpedo-boat
destroyers, and five submarines. These ll
ships aggregated 221,000 tons, and win]
cost, when completed, over $88,101,100.
Larose snys of
f Dr. Hamilton's
Jusi read whal
the curative powi
"l suffered from dyspepsia and In-
dlgQStlon   for live yorfrs,    I suffered so
much ihai i could hardly attend to my
work. I was weak and losl all courage,   I enjoyed iin rest  11 i decided
lo follow your i runt mont,   To my groal
surprise l  in dlatoly hogan in fed
better, i am now using tha second
box of i"'  Hamilton's nils and i fool
so Wall Ibal I waul In lell you lhal I
OWe (bin gl'fllll Change In your famous
pill".        I    i iiiiii.-ml    |>r.    Hamilton's
puin io ovory person wbo is su (Tor Ing
from dyspopsln     V ■ grntoful servant
n li. LnroNo, ,18- Joliotio Si„ Montreal, P.Q."
All who liavo woak Btomachs, ami
those wim sniicr irom Indlgostton,
hoadttchos, blllousnoss, can bo porfoot-
ly cured by Dr. Hamilton's l'ills. Successfully used for many years, mild
and safe,   2Bc,   per   box,  all  dealers,   or
'i'he Catarrhozono Co., Kingston, Out.
'Priests In Egypt, who were lhe sole
depositaries "f science, knew the secret of aromatic substances nnd prepared them themselves. Egyptian perfumes acquired great celebrity, especially those made in Alexandria. Reserved originally for religious rites,
perfumes subsequently became of current use among the wealthy classes.
During banquets they were diffused
through tlio halls and were burnt iu
profusion. The Israelites during their
sojourn in Egypt adopted the use of
aromatic substnnces primarily for religious purposes and afterward for personal usage. The Creeks, who loved
elegance, were especially addicted to
the use of perfumes, and they taught
their secrets and usage to the Romans,
who were not content to use merely
the perfumes of the Orient—aloes,
myrrh, Incense, and nard—they also
msde perfumes similar to those of the
present day- scents of lilies, lavender,
roses, and thyme.
Nol watching tho clock when he was
lerk In the general passenger department of thc Gould llnea put Charles
M. Hays, now head of the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway, on tho first rung of
the long ladder which be has climbed
since he left his home in Rock Island,
II)., to get a Job at St. Louis. Hays
didn't even know where to look for the
In tho beginning of big business in
railway history, a big man named Tal-
mage was made vice-president and
general manager of thc Gould lines,
with headquarters in the oillces of the
Wabash road at St. Louis. Mr. Tal-
mage wanted a young man for the post
of confidential secretary. He bad his
own way of choosing assistants, Down
in thc passenger department all tbe
clerks were yuung. He went there to
look Ihem over and found all but one
either chatting or watching Ihe clock.
To this one he crossed over uud nsked
ihe lime, There was no answer. Leaning his hand on die desk, Mr. Talmago
repealed lhe question.    The clerk came
• •ui of his pro-occupation umi looked
up with his pen in lhe air.
"I   bog your  pardon.    Hid  ynu speak
Few people realize what an extraordinary couutry In point of size we
live In. Tbe Province of Ontario, until now, has been __S,00O square miles
fn area, almost exactly the size of the
German Empire In Europe. The present addition, from the partial division
of Keewattn with Manitoba, will add
146,001 square miles, ur a territory
somewhat larger than Austria, making
a huge state of 375,000 square miles in
extent, larger than any European country except Russia.
Manitoba from being the "postage
stamp" province, becomes a great territory of 240,000-square miles, many a
thousand     square     miles   larger   than
When Your Eyes Need Cere
Try Murine Eye Heniclj.v. No Smtirtltie—Feels
rUS—Act* yiiiekly. Try it fnr lied. Weak,
Wntrrj Kye-) aud -ilrntmlAteil Kyclid*,. Illus*
trnte.i Ronk in each Package. Murine is
oniupcundrd hv our (h'tillsin-ma a "Patent Medici*--*"—bul used In -.U-cessfnl Phj-Mi'lniii' Prae-
Ui'n for mm*' r*,an. Nmv di*dlenn**l tw the Pn till .■ nnd Hold by Iinik-«isi| nt '_-• -nul '*)>• iter Ituti 1<>.
Murine   Kjc  Halve Itl Ast*|>llc TubeH. DC and -Uu.
Murine Eyo Remedy Co.. Chicago
,-4 *•***_ o
Thai Is a barbarous wo) of treating
corns dangerous, loo. Any corn, bun-
Ion or callOUS can b<* n moved quickly
and palhlosi ly by I'ut nam's rainless
finm Bi tractor, Putnam's Corn Extractor, mark the nam.-. Safe, prompt,
painless,   Hold by druggists. Prico 26c,
Send for free sample to Dept. R.P.,
I National Drug & Chemical Co., Toronto.
"I merely asked the lime. Thai was
all," said  Mr. Tuhuu'-c.
'I'he hid looked around three shies
nf Hie room and finally found lhe clock
mi  lhe fourth.
"Eleven-fifty," said he, uml went on
with his work.
"Thank you," said Mr. Tubnage, und
weut away. Ne*! morning lhe clerk
who had In search fur the clocl( was lu
.1   new   place,   at   lhe   big  man's elbuw.
He grew up In association wiih Ihis big
railway mnn uud others and became a
big man himself. Jusi now he Is one
of lhe very biggest.
ills name Is Charles Melville Hays,
lie is at ilu- head or the Grand Trunk
and Grand Trunk Pacific railways, a
continuous line crossing Canada from
ocean to ocean, through the greatest
of all woodlands In the East and opening In the West a new grain field more
lhan 0 thousand miles wide, capable of
feeding while bread to all lhe people
of this earth.
The spirit that possessed him that
faraway morning when Mr. Talmage
asked the lime has moved him ever
since. He Is a dreamer of high dreams,
wllh power to make his dream# come
true. He has the genius of hard work.
In his room In the Grand Trunk
Building at Montreal there Is no clock,
lieing human, be does not question the
ultimate supremacy of time, bt
gets all there Is oul of every hour as
it goes, and has no toleration for a
lock watcher.
"These people," he says, "know only
two stations on the line—Sundown and
Payday." The only admonition he
ever bestows Is "do a thing and do lt
quick." To transport things Is the
whole purpose of a railway, and transportation cannot wait. Things have to
be done quick. Mr. Hays has been doing Ihem that way all his life. Otherwise he never could bave done so much.
['.nt nothing he does Is unconsidered.
He has the gift of prompt perception
and the instinct to act swiftly upon
what he perceives. How much tills coordination has had to do with his long
career as a creative and constructive
force In railways Is a minor question,
since lt would involve tto mure than
thc training qualities that were themselves in-born and nut acquired. Hut
the power is there nnd he never falls.
It Is nowise In cuntllct with his own
statement of what ho believes to be the
most valuable asset a railway man can
have: "The genius of railroading lies
In patience; In Ibe ability to see and
hear all sides of a subject or a con
troversy, and then explain why you
can't do what the olher fellow wants."
Ills engagement with Mr. Tnlmage
brought blm the difficult labor of reorganizing the decrepit Wabash system. He wus not long confined to secretarial labors. Talmage was one of
the keenest tralllemen of that day.
Within a very little time he had discovered iu his young assistant a genius
of bis own kind, and promptly sot him
about tasks respondent to his gifts.
A year or so later one of the big-men
of New York was going over the line
In a discouraged state of mind nnd met
"You are a bright young man, Mr.
Hays," said he. "but ymi never will live
to see this tangle straightened out."
That bodeful prophecy was reversed
In the event, for his thirty-seventh year
found tho "bright young man" vlce-
presldenl and general man.'iKor of a rehabilitated and profitable Wabash system.
Beforo his fortieth year he bad taken
up another  hopeless  looking job.   II
bad resigned from the Wabash and accepted a tlve years' conlrnct with lbc
old (irand Trunk, us general manager.
He found  lhe property almost  In Ihe
artlCiS of death, dilapitatetl ami under-
equipped, managed from London by
cumbersome, antiquated methods, and
heavily In debt. Within the contract
term he had completely reconstructed
It. wiped mil a cosily uml obstructive
working organltatlon, put nn effective
one In Its place, and brought the line
up to (he American standard of equipment and service. At its close be. assumed direction of tin* Bouthorn Pacific
uml tin* wny thnl happened Is a lillle
story by Itself,
Colli- P. Huntington had only recently passed away. Tbe Harrlman Interest had begun to rise In power and
a new head was needed for the great
rail empire Harrlman was building.
Tbe achievements of Mr. Hays with the
Grand Trunk Indicated him us the man
for the place, but he knew nothing
about thnt. Ho wns going down Wall
Street one day early ln 11101 when
someone stopped him with a hand on
his shoulder. Ho turned nnd recognised
a Southern Pacific director.
"We hnve heen trying to locate you,
Mr. Hays," said this gentleman. "You
have Just heen elected president of the
Southern Pacific to succeed Mr. Huntington."
Mr. Hays briefly expressed his wil*
Ingncss nnd went on about his errand.
Sixty days Inter, Mr. Harrlman had
secured control of lhat system. Thn
twain could nul agree. Mr. Harrlman's
operations were not In tune wilh the
doctrine lhal a railway should be run
by a railway man by the light of his
own experience and knowledge and to
that doetrino Mr. Hays tlrmly adhered,
There was disagreement and Hays resigned before the year waa out.
As soon as this was made known, the
Grand Trunk directors got together and
by unanimous vote elected him vice-
president und general manager.
"J accept," said Mr. Hays.
On January lsl, IDOL', he took up his
new duties. There was no ceremony,
lie simply went to work. He had planned the road to the Pacific und lo lhat
projeol he applied his energies at once.
Then uml there began the rise of the
system to Us present colossal proportions, and the working out of his
dreams lo span tlm continent nnd gridiron Wostorn Canada wllh branch lines.
Por almost two years now ho has been
president, llm fir.d AmoricnJl In hold
that   position.
few men huve had olthor Hm Imng-
illation fo concolvo, nr lho ability to
do bo vasl 11 ililnc. Involving an outlay so enormous, nm it is practically
dono. Another year or so will see
through (ruins from Moncton nml Montronl running Into Prince Rupert,
Mr. Hays Is now In his (lfty-flfth
year, rugged and hale, wllh many moro
useful yoars before him. Into thirly-
olght  uf thoso be has  lived  through
be bus crowded mure than wnuld bo
salisfuelory life work for u good half-
dozen unusual men. He has kepi his
health by following the simple rule
nf never riding ur driving when he can
walk. The foretime presidents of tho
Grand Trunk drove in state to their
officoB, wiih footmen to open the car-
rlngo doors. Mr. Hays foots it. He
does nut own even a mntor car.
Memory recalls one other great man
whu gave such a reply as Mr. Hays
wuuld give tu a man who asked him
Vow he contrived lo get through so
much work. Thut was Sir Walter Raleigh. "When I have a thing to do,"
said  Sir Waller, "I go and do It."
d measurement and pro-[ miles nf the right-of-way.      The de-]
Were   those   slandards  posit varies In thickness from a fow i
feet to fiOO foet tn many places.
About one miles west of the town of
Mentlota (his sandstone is at present
being quarried on top of lhe mountain,
The product is conveyed to the railroad
by means of an incline, tho empty cars
being carried up the slope by the descent of lhe loaded ones. At the railroad It Is crushed Into tine sand and
pulverized by a mill. Water power is
plentiful In tbo section and costs practically nothing.
Analyses of the sandstono nt this
point shows the pure silica content to
be from 99.B4 to 99.75 per cent, of the
rock. On account of this exceptional
purity this should be un excellent grade
of kIiiss sand, and, on account of its
whiteness, a fine material for lhe
manufacture of sand lime brick.
Just—ns ihey are still purbllndly viewed by many -the adjustment of Industrial relations might perhaps bo postponed some generations; for 2,000,000,-
000 acres peopled to Uiu density of Hel-
gium-_;-some 640 per square mile—would
sustain a population of 2,000,000,000,
und Uncle Sam would still be rich
enough to give farms to millions more.
Unhappily, the standards are fallacious; and lands hnbllable and productive under existing conditions are
virtually exhausted.
In truth —as we are Just learplng—
productivity and even habltabillty are
not attributes of land In Itself so much
ns measures of the water with which
the land is supplied. Irrigation hns
reclaimed many millions of acres; lt
hns Improved agricultural methods und
enormously Increased crop yields; lt
hus raised standards of production end
of tbe social and civic organization depending ou ample production of tho
staples of life; yet best of all, It has
stirred realization of the paramount
placo of wafer among resources and
led to.lis quantitative measurement as
the basis of living. Under Irrigation,
twenty-five acre-fool one foot of
wnler covering twenty-five acres—of
wnler properly distributed, will sustain
u family of live lur a year; tho best
results fn]low lis application on five
acres of laud to an aggregate of live
feet In deplh its needed during (he season. Al lliis rate lhe population would
Indeed    be    0110    pel-   acre,    nl*   tilll    per
square mile, in terms of land; but It
Is Justly measured nnly us ono for each
five acre-feel of Hu- water which alone
renders land productive, Now lhe annual rainfall of mainland United Slates
—tho solo original source of the fresh
waters is barely r,.ooo,ooo,ooo adro-
feei; ii averages hardly two and one-
half feet— UO  inches    over 2,000,000,000
acres. So the greatest possible population for the Slates, measured by the
highest standards of primary production, would not exceed 1.000,000,000—a
number which ul the current rato. of
Increase will be reached in three centuries, or when the span since the landing a I Jamestown Is doubled.
Most farmers readily realize the importance of some succulent substance
tn the ration of the cattle and sheep,
but they do not seem to think It Important ln horse-feeding. Roots are
generally relished by the idle horses
during the winter months, and they
nre valuable In keeping the animal's
system in tone. They hnve a more or
less laxative effect, and, when fed in
moderation, aid the animal's digestion
to a marked degree. Their actual feeding value Is not high, yet they contain
some of the constituents necessary for
the maintenance of animal life. Prof.
Henry, In "Feeds and Feeding," cites
some experiments carried on by BOUS-
slngault, the great French farmer
chemist. In extensive experiments, this
Investigator found: —
That 280 pounds of cooked potatoes,
mixed wltb cut straw, are equal to 100
pounds of meadow hay.
Thai 350 pounds of carrots cannot
quite replace 100 pounds of meadow
Tbat artichokes were greedily eaten
by horses, whicli thrived on them, 30
pounds of sliced tubers taking the
place of 11 pounds of meadow hay.
Thnt 400 pounds of Swede turnips
nre about equal to 100 pounds of
meadow hay.
It will be seen from the foregoing
that, aside from their value ns a system regulator, roots hnve a real feeding value for horses. With hay at
present high prices, a few roots could
be fed to advantage. Swede turnips,
even nt ten cents per bushel, would
compare very favorably with hay at
from *1S to $20 per ton. At this price
the equivalent of a ton of hay ln turnips would only he nbout $13.34, and
ten cents per bushel Is a fairly high
price for turnips.
Of course, roots should never be
made the foundation of a horse's ration, but a targe turnip or two smaller
ones, given once a duy, are generally
found profitable during the winter
months. Potatoes aro too expensive
(his winter to be economically used ln
any quantity for live-stock feeding
purposes, but carrots, perhaps the most
relished of all roots by horses, could
bo fed to good advantage.
The United Stales was settled tlrst
In tbo humid East win-re a luxuriant
natural growth bespoke productivity.
Nearly every acre lhe pioneers cultivated yielded rich returna—'two heads
of grain were grown whoro a blade
of grass grew before, luscious fruits
or pliable fibres were substitute, for
bit Ier shrubs, and the well-wulerod
acres teemed with material for food
ami ololhing] settled laler In the sub-
humid Interior and seml-arld West, the
returns were still richer--the pond-
gemmed pralrlos smiled Into marvellous
harvests, while under Irrigation a hundred beads of grain replaced the hlaib-
Of buffalO-grOSS and a hundred head
of kino grazed where an anlelope or
two wandered before -and diverted
thoughl from Ihe Inadequate rainfall.
How different the course of empire
hud (he Pilgrims lauded at the Golden
Gate Instead of ut Plymouth Rock, and
the Cavaliers In San DlOgO Hay Instead
of on thc Chesapeake, and both learned
early thc vital value of water and the
relative worthlessness of mere land!
For, advancing inland from the Atlantic coast, thc settlers merely fixed
more (Irmly Iho simple atnndards of
humid Europe In which water, like air,
Is accepted without thought or men
suro, ns a bounty of Providence, and
only tho land und Its appurtenances—
natural and nrtiflclnl products above
lhe minerals below—are objects of con-
Over the humid secllon the mean annual rainfall ranges from about twenty-live Inches in Minnesota to fifty-
live in Mississippi, and more than
seventy ln the southern Appalachians,
averaging some forty-eight inches, or
fouc-jifths of that required for full
productivity. In the state of nature
found by settlers, the surface slopes,
the rainfall, and the vegetal cover—
generally forests on the uplands and
grasses on the plains—were adjusted
to a natural balance In which the rains
and melting snows soaked into the soil,
mainly to be used In plant growth or
to reappear In springs aud seepage
forming clear streams—of which the
"blue Juniata" of the ballad was a
type; the residue saturated the subsoil and underlying rocks, forming a
reservoir available for plant growth
during droughts—a store estimated as
equivalent to twenty-five feet in deplh
of water or more than six years' rainfall within the first hundred feet of
the surface. Such was the land on
which development was started and
shaped—a land well watered by moderate rainfall and accumulated moisture, generally well drained by clear
streams, and rendered fertile through
by-products of vegetal growth gathered during the nges.
Thla natural home for a people, however, was sadly abused by short-sighted and over-Kreedy clearing and farming. With deforestation of slopes, the
storm wnters ran oft' over the sur
face Instead of sinking through spongy
duff and humus Into the soil, and the
clear and steady streams beenmo tor
rents during the storms nnd ran low
>r dry between—ll Is the brown Juniata now, though only part of Its watershed Is cleared. With hasty, profit-
seeking tillage, the natural protective
covers was removed, tho rich mulch
aud humus were dissipated, and much
of the rain flowed frum the fields ln
turbid floods, always taking the cream
nf the soil and often eroding gullies,
Instead of soaking Into the subsoil to
feed growing plants and maintain the
store of ground water. The shrinkage
of agricultural capital through the
drainage of the ground water reservoir
was long neglected, albeit utttcstcd ln
tbe falling of springs by which most
pioneer homesteads were located, ln
lhe frequent necessity for deepening
wells, and ln the gradual drying up of
brooks, ns settlements advanced; It Ic
best measured by the lowering of wnter
In wells. In Michigan during un nvor-
age period of eighteen years 794'wells
lowered 8,8 feet, In Minnesota during
fourteen years 990 wells lowered 3.45
feet. In Iowa during twenty-one years
11110 wells lowered 3.** feet, or a men?)
nf 1.S feet eacb decade; of late tbe depletion of lhe store Is Increasing the
danger of droughts, with loss of crops
In the country and water-famine In
(owns. Ah the foresls nnd fields wen*
skinned in response tn tin* demand fnr
products attending tho growth of the
secondary and Incidental Industries,
these, too, added to I In* abuse of the
country; culm heaps became eyesores,
coke ovens  poisoned  lhe air  was   nas-
eons   waste,    sewage     poll u tod     the
shrunken ami lorreiit-rldden streams,
and factory towns were often foul blots
ou the fair face of nature.
In nn article In Cosmos, A. Acloque
discusses the various means by which
warm-blooded animals regulate their
temporaturo, Particularly in the .-as.-
of man ii is observed that, In the flrsl
plnce, lhe amount of food Ingested vur-
les wllh tlie season, the appetite being
keener Iii winler than In summer, in
consequence of this, a greater amount
nf heal is developed by the oxidation
of food material during cold than during warm weather, lu addition to this,
lhe absorption nf oxygen Is in winter
increased by more active and deeper
ros pi ration and by increased muscular
activity, Under (he Influence nf cold
ihe noso-constrictor nerves cause the
superficial blood vessels to contract,
thus reducing the area nf warm blood
exposed to lhe cold outside tempera-
lure, and thereby diminishing lhe loss
of bent by radiation. Theso nre physiological effects, outside of tho control of
ir will. They are, of course, supplemented in  civilized  man  hy reasoned
lions in the choice of suitable clothing antl shelter. In tho case of anils, this latter factor Is to some extent replaced by special physiological
provisions, such as the growing of a
special winter coat. As regards the
opposite aspect of temperature regulation, namely, the provision ngalnst undue heat, there nre also a number of
expedients by which the organism
meets Ihe demand of the situation
Among these is perspiration nnd eva- ■
potation of water from the surface of!
the lungs. Such evaporating moisture
absorbs, In the process of evaporating,
Its latent heat, which is thus withdrawn
from the organism. The secretion of
persplrntlon mny umotint to ns much ns
■100 grammes (12 ounces) per hour.
This secretion is regulated outside of
tbe control of the will by the vasomotor nerves. The amount of moisture emitted by the lungs varies from
300 to GOO grammes per hour. About
16 per cent, of the total energy liberated in the organism Is on an average
excreted through tbls channel. The
respiratory rhythm Is accelerated
through nervous mechanism as tho
temperature rises. This gives rise to
a condition known as thermic poly-
pnoea. This phenomenon Is not very
obvious In the ense of man, but everyone Is familiar with lt, for Instance, In
the dog, panting on a hot day or after
a brisk run.
Sores from Elbow to
Zam-Buk Worked a Miracle of Healing
Reverend Gentleman Fully
Miss Kate L. Dolllver, of Caledonia,
Queens Co., N.S., says: "I must add
my testimony to the value of Zam-Buk.
Ulcers and sores broke out on my
arms, nnd although I tried to heal them
by using various preparations, nothing
seemed to do ims any good. The sores
spread until from fingers to elbow was
one mass of ulceration,
"I bad five different doctors, and
faithfully carried out their Instructions. I drank pint after pint of blood
medicines, tried salve after salve, and
lotion after lotion; but It waa of no
"My father then touk me thirty miles
to see a well-known doctor. He
photographed the arm and hand. This
photograph was sent to a New Yurk
hospital to lhe specialist; but they
sent word (hey could do nothing
furl her for me, and I was In despair.
"One day a friend asked me if I hnd
tried /.am-lEuU. I said 1 had not, but
1 gol a box right away. That Ilrst box
did me more good than all the medicine 1 had tried up tn that time, so 1
cun tin ued the treatment. Every box
healed tbe sores more and more until,
to make a lung story short, Zam-Iluk
healed all the sores completely. Everybody in Ihls place knows of my case
and that It Is Zam-lluk alone which
cured me."
Minister corroborates.—The Rev, W
B. M. Parker, of Caledonia, Miss Dolli-
ver's minister, writes: "This is to
certify lhat the testimonial of Muj_
Dolllver Is correct as fur as my know*-
ledge goes. I have known her for a
year and a half, and her cure effected
by Zam-Buk Is remarkable."
Wherever there Is ulceration, blood-
poison, sores, cold-cracks, absce_->---j,
cuts, burns, bruises, or any skin In-
Jury or disease, there Zam-Buk should
be applied. It is also a sure cure for
piles. All druggists and stores sell ut
50c. per box, or post free from Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto, for price. Hml toe
cheap and harmful imitation** and substitutes.
Faultless in Preparation.—Unlike any
other stomach regulator, Parmelee's
Vegetable l'llls are the result of Ion***;
study of vegetable compounds calculated to stimulate the stomachic functions and maintain them at the normal
condition. Years of use hnve proved
their faultless character and established their excellent reputation. And this
reputation they have mnlntnlned for
years and wilt continue to maintain,
for these pills must always stand at
the head nf the list of standard preparations.
A disease uf the banana tr>?e .ipp»-ar-
ed for the first time in Trinidad
lhe "moko" variety, according to M.
Rorer, nnd Is now spreading so much
tliat it is attacking other varieties •uch
as Musa paradlslaoa ami M. sin*»naia.
ln this disease the leaves become yellow und then dry up and fail uff.
Within the Ileshy parts of the leaf its
formed numerous cavities which ' I m
Increase in size and cause th*? death
of the plant. Wh'-n th*? dfseaoed, party
are cut. the vessels are w<<r. ■■; ::e if 1
brown color, and it is observed tha
they are full of bacteria. Wlum thu
plant Is but slightly attacked tt stfll
lives, but the fruit cannot ripen, md
becomes brown and rota. M. Ri*.r»*r -unserved the bacteria which cause the
disease, nnd this he names baiailutf
musue. While engaged in inoculating
it upon various banana plant-), :*.*•
found that the M. textlli*) waa iiarrily
affected by It, and the action w._a limited to a few of the plant vessels.
Wretched from Asthma. BtrtngtS if
body und vigor of mind era inev'.rahiy
Impaired by the visitations of i„tama.
Who can live under the cloud -if recurring attacks and keep body and mind
at their full etlieiency? Dr. J. D. Kei-
logg's Asthma Remedy dissipates the
cloud by removing the cause. It does
relieve. It doe3 restore the surTerer to
normal bodily trim and mental happiness.
Sssro euro nnd poaitive proven-ife, no m.i'1-r- Sam a.-r.^s ,.
assy npe sir,- Infected or "exposed." Liquid, sssssw su _■ itwa.
in rs iiss she Hlund susil Gljsids. urjs.1. 1:1.1 MlsMM_ smtt . -Ott
lists body. Cures. Lsiateuiuer in Doll an.l Mierp .nd ' ri i
Poultry. Lss.rg.at Boiling lite asoek rem. J>\ Cures La -ir.ppe
Bsnolu: Isiinsi.n licinua, nud ia a line Kidney r-ri. ■!/. .*."C ar.it ,L .
bottle; $11 end $11 a don.'n. Cut I Is La ou'. K*«p tt. asm to yinr
(inipisist, wins will g«t it for you. Fr.se Booklet, "Distemper.
runs.'b and Curea."
SPON) HEDICIL CO., Chinlsto 111 Hcterlolg{lsti, GOSHEl, 110., «. t i
For a distant-.* of ovor twenty-live
niiicss along tlm (melts nt iho Virginia
Ai Southwestern Railway in southwest
Virginia is exposed a deposit of exceptionally puns ami hard while stancl-
stone. known In the United States Boo-
OglO folios as the Clinch sanslstone. Uc-
glnntng at Mendota. on Clinch Mountain, this urcat deposit stretches nIonK
the railway, crossliik' 11 at Mocnssln,
and  lying always within ono lo two
A R.ady Weapon Again.l Pain.—
There is nothlnu eiiual lo Dr. Thomas-
Eilcctrlc Oil when woll rublsed In. II
penetrates thc tissues and pain disappears hefore it. There Is no known
preparation that will roach the spot
iiulckcr than this manic Oil. In con-
scutienco lt rnnks first among liniments
now offered to the public- and Is accorded first plnco among nil Its competitors.
Owing lo so much unfavorable wenthor, many farmer, over Western
Canada have gathered at least part of their crop touched by (rot* or
otherwise water damaged. However, through the larce shortaKe In
corn, oals, barleys fodder, potatoes anil vegetables, by the unusual tst.it
and drought of last summer In tho United States, Eastern Canada and
Western Europe, tliere is going to be a Heady demand at good prices
for all lhe nraln Wosli-n. Canada has raised, no matter what its quality
may bo.
So mucli variety In quality makes ll impssssllsle for those less et-
porlonced t" Judge tho full value that should bo obtained for .uch grain,
therefore the farmer never slood more In need of the services of the
experienced and reliable grain commission man to net for him. tn the
looking after selling of his  grain,  than he does thi Bucason.
Farmer!, you will therefore do woll for yourselves not to accept
strs-el or track prices, but to ship yuur grain by carload direct to Kort
William or Port Arthur, to lie handled by us In a way that will get
for you ull thero Is In It. Wo make liberal advances when desired, on
receipt of shipping bills for cars shipped. Wo never buy your grain on
our own account, but act as your agents in selling It to tho best advantage for your account, and we do so on a fixed commission of lc. per
Wo havo made a specialty of this work for many years, and are
woll known over Western Cnnada for our experience In the grain trade,
reliability, careful attention to our customers' Interests, and promptness
In mnkng settlements.
Wo Invito farmers who havo not yet employed us to write to us for
shipping instructions nnd market Information, and In regard to our
standing In tho Winnipeg Drain Trade, and uur financial position, wo
bog to rofor you to the Union Bank of Canada, and any of Ita branches,
also  to the commercial agencies of Rradstreots and K. O. Dun & Co.
703 Y Grain Exchange Winnipeg
If in Doubt "Where to Buy" Remember
The Ashwell Stores cannot afford to have dissatisfied Custcccr s
Some New Empress
Tho stuck is now replete with
everything lhat Ib wanted (or Spring
and Summer wenr. All Hues from
1*J_ to 8}<j prices
$3.00 $3.50 $4.00
$4.50   $5.00
You'll find good strong, neat appearing Shoes. Mnde of solid
leather from heel to toe. Sizes 1,
2. 3, 4 and 5.
We make a Specialty of These.
Let us Show you Our Samples. Fit
and Wear guaranteed.
Visit Our  Shoe  Department
See Onr Display
Another  Sensation
in Grocery Prices
For Saturday and Monday
Toasted Corn Flakes
Fresh and crisp, pkg tOc
Navel Oranges
Nice and Juicy, doz 15c
Stat Sardines, 2 tins 25c
Very small lish
Large Cans Apricots 30c
California Fruit
.£ Tea, the besl at ix-r lb 40c
3 lh 81.15, fl lb $1.75
Timothy Seed, per pound 25c
Red Clover              " 32c
Alsykc Clover         " 28c
Dutch Set Onions   " 20c
Multiplier Onions   " 20c
Crockery Sale
Cups and Saucers, per doz 90c
A Dinner Set for $7.50
A White Chamber Sel for $1.85
Glass Lamps for,  2$, 40, 50, 65
1 ami 75c each
See Our Windows!
Men's Stylish Suits
On Sale
Wo have exerted ovory effort to ex-
cell in Men's Suit Values. Tho
advantage of big buying for cash
has  been  brought  I"  bear.     Our
variety of patterns include
Browns, Greens and Greys, not
forgetting the best of value in Blue
Our prices of
$12.50, $15.00
and $19.00
Cannot be equalled In
.TOc, liOc, 7.">c, for Shirts or
] >rawors.
We would advise buying parly
to secure bust selection.
PRICES FROM 15c to $3.00
Northway Costumes
On Sale
Ti-inniicil with Uliick Military
Braid and Soutache, Satin lined
Cunt.    Size ill!.    Sale Price
Trimmed with Powdor Blue
Broadcloth, Silk lined Coat. Size
34,    Salo price
Plain Man Tailored. Satin lined
Coat.    Size 12.    Sale price
Come and choose Early from our
New Spring Slock.
See Our Windows !
CHICK FEED 5 cento a  pound
It Makes 'em Grow
COSTUMES $15.00 TO $30.00
I. 0. 0. F.
Members of Excelsior Lodge
No. 7, I. O. O. F. are respectfully requested to meet  in  the
I. O. O. F. Hall on
Sunday, April 28
at 2.30 p. m. for the purpose of
attending divine service in the
Presbyterian Church
at 3. p. m.
in commemoration of the Ninety-
Third Anniversary of our Order
by Public Thanksgiving to Almighty Ood for his manifold
mercies to us us individuals and
us an Order.
Mcmbe.rsof Ruth Rebecca Lodge
No. 4., I.O. O, F. and visiting
Members of the Order arc respectfully invited to attend.
J.N. Short  Wm.Dasterhoff
Noble Grand Secretary
Local  Items
Tlu- .io- and nunlity of the
nhowing — the boundloM usort-
mental nf all tli.- n.-w styl.s in smit-
iiifm. in the richest Imported fuh-
rii-H that wt- are .ItowittK this BOS*
nn fr..in Ihs-  Huns., nf  Hohbcrlln.
Limited, will command your lull
attention.   We want yon to ruins-
in ami look over th.. entire ram;..
Willi,1 the llnefl an- still   uul.rukm.
Wellington it,   Opp. Opera House
Bole Agency Houso >s( Ilobborlln,
L.F.Cioft, at Mee Studio for photos
For photos at Ohapman's—phone
Crockery Sale—See Ashwells advt.
Coal and wood—City Transfer
Co., phone 49.
Capt. Gardiner was a coast visitor on Saturday.
Roy Nelems was in Vancouver on
business this week.
Jas. Turvcy was a visitor to Vancouver on Tuesday.
Jos. Scott was a visitor to Westminster on Monday.
Take Shorthand lessons. Terms
easy.  Phone F. 266.
Capt. Garvic was a passenger to
Vancouver yesterday.
See \V. B. Trcnholm's advt. in
lhe Free Press to-day.
A. Cupples was a business visitor
to the coast this week.
W. U. Shirly was a passenger to
Vancouver on Sunday.
Stock Foods—Chilliwack Implement A Produce Co.
J. II. Pook was a passenger to
Vancouver Wednesday.
H. E. Page was a visitor to
Westminster on Sunday.
L. K. Croft was a business visitor
to the coast on Saturday.
J. Milton Orr was a visitor to
Vancouver last Thursday.
Electric Photo Studio for the
smile that don't come off.
Wanted—An cxpericnttcd waitress at the Harrison Hn»se.
If in doubt "Where to Buy"
reatl Ashwells advt. page H.
\V> Ogilvie, of Vancouver, visited
his home here over Sunday.
Leonard Boullboo of Vnncouver
spent Sunday in Chilliwack.
Telephone 40 for all express and
dray work; City Transrer Co.
For Sale—Three good cows, in
fresh.   W. N. Stringer, Sardis.
Ice cream in all the popular
forms and flavors ai Johnson's.
We Repair Watches j
Clocks-, and Jewelery in First Class Stylo.     Engraving and Optical work attended to promptly und correctly.   A trial solicited.
Wc do engraving on tho promises.
Slid door from -luprif* Hotel
Some new Empress Btoves at
Ashwells; sec their advt. page 8.
J. Howe Bent was a business
visitor to Vancouver on Tuesday.
Men's Stylish suits on sale at
Ashwells.   Sec their advt. page 8.
\V. T. Rolfe, takes eggs in exchange; highest price paid for them
H. J. Barber was a business visitor to Seattle over the week end.
Another sensation in Grocery
Prices'   See Ashwell's advt. page 8.
Don't forget to call 49 for express
and dray work.    City Transfer Co.
Jos. Peers has sold an acre of
land on Rcece avenue to E. J. Hopkins.
M. Woodworth is thc new motor-
man on the morning passenger
Wasted—A young girl to help
with up stairs work at thc Harrison
Mayor Waddington was a business visitor to Vancouver on Wednesday.
Operator Sully of the B. C. Electric was a visitor to Westminster
W. E. Davies and M. Stewart of
Vancouver spent the week end in
thc city.
8. S. Carleton paid a short business visit to Westminster on Thursday last.
Ladies! attend the Northway
suit sale at Aehwells-sec their advt.
on page 8.
J.T. Wilkinison has been in Westminster nnd Vancouver this week
on business.
All coal and wood orders receive
prompt attention. Phone 49. City
Transfer Co.
K. I'nwin of Winnipeg has been
in the valley this week, investigating the prospects.
A new four ton platform weigh
scale is lieing placed in the II. C.
Electric freight shed.
Court for the revision of lhe provincial voters' list will be held at
Chilliwaek on May 0.
Light nnd heavy draying handled
with care and promptness. City
Transfer Co., phone 19.
Board and Room—Good hoard
and room may be had with private
family; apply at this  office.
Dr. Rutherford arrived from
Ottawa on Friday evening and will
make his home in Chilliwack.
J. I). Taylor, M. P., came up
from Westminster to resistor bis
vote on the By-laws on Monday,
Cily Transfer Co. have their ofllco
tvilli ihe Chilliwack Land nnd Development Co., on Young street.
Peter Malcolm, of Vancouver,
spent Sunday at thc home of his
father A. Malcolm, Hssel street,
Wanted—A young girl about
fifteen or sixteen at the Harrison
House to learn dining room work.
Elwyn Cawley has accepted a
position in the Dominion Land
Registry oiliee at New Westminster.!
J. II. Ashwell was in Westminster on business in connection with
the Chilliwack Cannery on Wednesday.
G. H. VV. Ashwell. of Ashwell _
Son, was a business visitor to Vancouver on Wednesday evening's
The city assessment is now open
(or public inspection in the clerk's
office in the city hall, during office
S. D. Tretheway of (he Abbotsford limber & Trading Co., was a
business visitor to Huntingdon on
H. II. Gervan left on Sunday to
attend a big sale of horses at Port-1
land, and may purchase a lire team
for the city.
M. B. Short, a former employee
of Chas. Parker, the Fit-Reform
Clothier, is again a mcnilier of Mr. |
Parker's staff.
City Transfer Co. handles Wellington coal, the best in llritish Columbia, also wood, ami deliver.-: to j
any part of thc city promptly.
For This Week Only
Tilden Gurney's Souvenir
Range No. 9-18 with high
closet and   reservoir, only
Call and Inspect this Range
Washing Machines
1 New Century $11.00 Pastime $13.00
Mortar Washing .Machine $19.00
; I These machines are the host on the Market (or satisfaction and durability
N. A Webb
Public Notice;
Notice in hereby glvon thru hereafter
all ffnr.iHpe and refim* will lx* removed
by the City Scavenger.
Tin* Scavenger will make regular
'•■ill ■**, ami mcrchauiH hoonlioldere.
rvNluurant**, Imi* I-. etc., an* reqnortcd
tn place tlieii Kiirliagc ill a proper iv*
eeptacle ami place in a cnviiiu   place
for Ita removal. All vacant Iota upon
which rofnao ha** been dopoeltcd, iniuit
bo cleaned up and tin* scavenger will
remove mch rehire.
A ft-hi-diriv «>f charge** proportionate
tn the amount nf garbage *n~ rvfnre tn
bo reinon-d Iim been arranged, and a
City Collect *r will U* appointed So
payment.*) mutt Ih* made except tn thi**
< itl di a I
Scavenging otlwr than that provided
by tlto City must In ni the oxpenaa of
tlie poiaon duetring samo.
ity order-
BOAttD OF lir.Al.TII.
Notice of Dissolution
The partnership heretofore car.
rietl on as Slewart & Chadsey is
dissolved as and from the First day
of April, 1019. All liabilities of
said partnership will l*- paid by
Peter Slewart nml all ti units,  duo
the firm will Ih- collected by him,
Dnted this-2nd day o( April, 1912.
Witness   [ROY CHADSEY
j. H. Downs   PETER STEWART Ground Floor
TOO BU8Y INSIDE putting machinery
together and sotting tip buggies to do it.
Had to Get Off the Road 11
but when von are in town call and see
tin-in, you will save money hy doing so.
Wc have a hit in Wire Fencing in every
See Oar Specials in Lawn Fencing.
When   lylHlnS Mtl«  Iht jflS
i i
", ************
Photos Day or Night.
Developing and Printing.
Adjoining Opera Houso


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