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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-12-25

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C ^JDERATIONIST
j *f.
ateenth Tear.   No. 52
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, DECE?    ".ft 25, 1925
Eight Pages.
lonton Unemployed
[Demand Maintenance
RONTON, Alta.—Unemploy-
orkers ln this city at a recept
ing decided to put forward
following demands:
Employment on public
fs at full union rates of
(2) unemployment main-
fice on the lines adopted in
Jn; (3) additional allowance
dependents, to total not lower
the average living wage ac-
fng to the Canadian Labor
■tte,   and   a   Labor   Gazette
of living allowance for .every
as  a  means  of  immediate
bgistration books at the gov-
kent employment office show
(there are about 900 men out
aployment in the -province of
■ta.     -
spite of the clamor for more
1 (grants the dally press openly
laims that the unemployed
.tlon "is in no way alarming,"
use this huge army of work-
r is a "normal condition for
[time of the year."
Strike At tiie Root
Fundamental Change Needed, Neelands Tells Legislators
Huge Assets Held By
Russian State Bank
■petition of Prison
jabor Hits Employers
'. (By Federated Press.)
few   YORK.—Protest   agaipst
k produetion of goods In corn-
ton with private manufaotur-
|i»**Ued  by the  New   York
of Trade and Transporta-
,;A committee has been in-
fating   the   prison   labor   in
al    penitentiaries    for    the
The.chairman reports that
fer cent of chairs sold in the
|ry   were   prison-made,   and
considerable    amounts    of
jyare,   clothing,    shoes   and
f products were likewise made
rrisoners, chiefly unpaid. Fro-
being taken to the govern-
against its competition with
{business, and the government
(ted to manufacture non-com-
ve  articles in   prisons.    No
|st against prison labor prac-
ack of payment or conditions
trison  labor ls made  by the
ess men.
171CTOBIA, B.O.—During tbe re-
* cent session of the Legislature
tbe Labor members bave frequently pointed out the fact that,
while they were in favor of doing
everything possible to improve
here and now tbe lot of the work-
ers in this provinoe, yet the ultimate aim went much further
than the mere securing of a few
Speaking ip the House recently,
R. H. Neelands, M.L.A. for South
Vancouver, Bald: "Regarding Labor and the things for which we
stand: In the first place, our objective is the absolute elimination
of our present state of society, a
state that places not only the welfare but the very existence of the
great mass of the people ln the
hands of the few, and substituting
in its stead a condition In which
the wellbeing of the community
shall be the first consideration.
"Any state of society can only
be judged on whether or not lt
'delivers the goods,' and when we
look around us and see the great
amount of misery, want and suffering, I am sure we can only
come to the conclusion that our
present administration of things is
a colossal failure,
"On the one hand we find certain people revelling in wealth
and luxury, often at a loss to
know how to spend their ill-gotten gains, and on the other hand
a large number in dire need of
the necessities of life.
'The great trouble with us at
the present time is that too much
attention Is giv«m to dealing with
the effects brought about as a
result of our state of society, Instead of devoting our attention to
discovering the causes with. a
view of removing them.
"Take the question of mental
defectives as an illustration. While
considerable time of this House
has been devoted to discussing
this very serious matter, every
suggestion offered so far merely
treats  with  the   conditio^  itself,
without giving the slightest attention to causes bringing lt about.
Far less attention Is given to the
conditions under which our kind
is propagated than is given even
to poultry. How can you expect
a poorly flourished woman to give
birth to a strong and healthy
child? It is the height of folly
to expect it to be so, and until
conditions are such as will guarantee the fullest possible life to
all, we shall continue to have
plenty of subjects for 'sterilization.'
''At Christmas time every possible effort ls made to provide a
suitable dinner for all on that
day. In fact, the newspapers
make use of the most distressing
cases to be foiled to strengthen
their appeals. Why not devote
the same energy towards providing for these people for the balance of the year? By so doing
we shall be going far towards
bringing about real prosperity and
MOSCOW. — The most recent
finanoial statement of the issue
department of tha State Bank of
the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics shows assets of almost
$200,000,000, of which $54,000,000
are covered by gold and platinum
and $11,500,000 by foreign currency. The assets are sufficient to
cover $8,000,000 more than the
total issue of bank notes to date.
The total issue of "chervonetz"
to date amounts to $75,686,676.
The chervonetz contains 119.4826
grains of fine gold and is equal to
The chervonetz notes mostly ln
circulation are in denominations of
one, three, five and ten. In addition there are one, three and five
ruble notes, diver coins of 10, 16,
20 and 50 kopeks and one rouble,
and copper coins for one, two,
three and five kopeks. The oolns
are all beautifully designed and
well minted.
pate at Royal On
Sunday Evening Next
I debate between Dr. Lyle Tel-
i and Miss Greta Mather wiU,
place in the Royal Theatre
iunday night next, under the
Ices of the  Canadian > Labor
e subject of tbe debate will
"Reeolved   that  the   present
i ot money 'banking ls against
best interests of the people of
Ida".    Dr.   Telford   will  take
Affirmative, and Miss Mather
Negative.   Doors open at 7:30
.    Meeting commences at 8
Sunday night, January Srd,
Brannln, Federated Press cor-
ndent,  will  be  the  speaker.
Brannln recently returned to
country after a three months
fin Russia.   He also visited se-
Buropean countries, and was
knt at the British Trades Con-
meetings in Scarborough, as
I. as at the convention of the
|sh Minority Movement lh Lon-
Sunday night, January 10,
(speaker will be A. T. Hill, ex-
Ive member of the Conunun-
"arty of Canada.
Christmas Spirit In
Evidence At Red Deer
RED DEER, Alta.—This town
may not be very pretentious so
far as size is concerned, but it is
afflicted with all the insolence
towards the "down and out" that
Its bigger sisters suffer from.
An unemployed harvest worker
was recently haled into court here
on a charge of vagrancy, and the
magistrate, overflowing with the
spirit of Christmas and Christian
charity, gave the man two hours
to get out of town ojtito the open
prairie, there to take his chance
among the gophers of the field
and the fowls of the air.
The city police state that they
are determined to rid the town
of "side door Pullman tourists."
The day before this unfortunate was driven put trom the
haunts of men the * Rotary Club
met and listened to a talk on education by a gentlemajp ot the
In our degenerate age and generation, never - work preachers,
who haven't got brains enough to
wrest one mouthful of foodstuffs
from nature, are preferred to the
sons of toil.
women lobbyists went
to tbe door of a congressman's
offloe and tried the knob. Tbe
door was looked.' As they went
away tbe door was opened and
a clerk invited them back.
They entered and saw a florid
faced man sprawled in tbe big
upholstered chair In front of
the thief desk. He invited
them to sit down. As they did
so they noted with astonishment tbat be was barefooted.
Shoes and socks had been removed and tossed aside.
"Bunions," he explained,
briefly and with dignity, before
inquiring their errand:
Russia Uses Different
Methods on Grafters
Unemployed Sleep On
Floor of Calgary Jail
CALGARY, Alta.—The four Labor candidates for aldermen are
putting up a strong fight here.
At a recent meeting one of the
candidates was questioned as to
his views on the unemployed
question, and ln the course of his
reply told of having visited the
city jail ln company with Aid.
White, and while there he saw
boys, many of them mot more
than 17 years of age, lying ln the
cells with nothing but a blanket
between them and the concrete
floor. These' men were out of
work and had no place to stay,
although there were numerous
empty rooms to be had by those
who had. money to pay room rent.
MOSCOW — Soviet Russia will
not relax its campaign against
graft and corruption, it was said
following the execution of twelve
Russians who profited by the sale
of quartermaster stores from the
red army.
The drive against the alleged
ring dealing ln quartermaster sup-
Plies brought 123 persons before
the courts. Besides the twelve
who were executed, there were 93
who were given heavy prison sentences.
This is the largest number of
executions ever carried out in Russia for this offense.
Coal Miners' On Trial
In Murder "Frameup"
ZEIGLER, III.—The trials ot
twenty progressive members of
the Illinois Miners union, on a
framed up charge of assault with
intent to murder was postponed
until February 2nd, on motion of
defense attorneys when the case
was called on November SOth.
Frank Corbishley, one of the
defendants, is charged with the
murder of Mike Sarovich, and the
miners who were present when
the fatal shooting occured are
willing to testify under oath that
the murder was committed by
Alec Hargis, a member of the
Ku Klux Klan, who was originally held for murder in the preliminary hearing but later on
whitewashed by a hand picked
grand jury.
Henry Corbishley, the most prominent of the defendants, has
been president of the Zeigler
mine local several times. The
frame-up is due to a conspiracy
of the coal operators and the
Farrington machine to get rid of
the progressive elements in the
Women Workers Urged
To Join Labor Unions
CALGARY, Alta.—That women
and girls who work i*n industry
should be members of trade unions was stressed by Miss Julia
Varley of Tsirmingham, Eng., at a
meeting of the women members
of the Dominion Labor Party here.
Young girls, the speaker said,
who do not yet realize the need
for trade union organization
should have the matter explained
by their mothers, who should urge
them to jolm-
The labor movement needed
the support and co-operation of
women, and women required to
be organized for their "own protection, as that wap the only
method by which they were able
to dictate working conditions to
the employers. When unions were
broke,u up women members were
the first to suffer through wage
cuts and intolerable working con-
Highlight* od THis
Week's Y
Send in your subscription today.
Labor M.L.A. in Action	
Unemployed Demand Malm        j.... ' 1
Christmas Spirit in Red Dei.     , — 1
Machines  Threaten Miners.  3.  2
Fanners Fight  Deflation. oK  fi
Christmas in New York :.y  8
Union Mettberahlp Growing  7
Six Strikebreaking Bodies  7
Protest Jailing of Communists  7
White Terror In Poland — 8
Metal Worker* Meet In Palace  8
European Labor Swings Left....--... 8
Alberta Workers Seek
Remedial Legislation
CALGARY, Alta. — Efforts are
being made by the Trades apd
Labor Council here to have the
Mechanics' Lien Act amended by
the provincial legislature so that
when a lien is placed on a building by a workman the place is
locked up until the lien is paid
off. At present the owner is permitted to have full use of the
The Council is also requesting
the provincial Federation of Labor
to hold its convention prior to
the next sitting of the legislature,
so as to enable that body to discuss and take up with the provincial government certain legislation
affecting Labor.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
German Workers Force
Arrest of Murderers
BERLIN.—Faced with numerous revelations by the German
radical press, the police were forced to proceed with arrests against
the members of the fascist murderers' organizations. It ia doubted
that the courts will treat these
murderers with the full severity
of the law.
Some of these arrested bandits
have already been released; but
revolutionary workers tore kept In
prison waiting for a trial for
months and even years. Ths is
German class justice.
The fascist murders in eastern
Prussia were carried on so openly
that the police were forced by public protest to arrest them. Many
bankrupt business men, who had
escaped leaving large debts were
found among those arrested, rond
had lived by terrorizing the workers.
It has become known that a letter from Ludendorf was found in
the pockets of one of those arrested. Documents were also found
proving clearly that these people
were carrying on espionage work
for the allied states and were In
close contact with relchswehr authorities.
■ Page Two
Friday, December 25,
Garment Workers Seek
Forty-four Hour Week
- (By Federated Press.)
PHILADELPHIA. — The maximum 40-hour work week must be
the program of the union, unanimously declared the International
Ladies' Garment Workers' convention. A similar economic plank
went unanimously through the
sister -needle trades union in the
fur industry last month. The
garment workers also went on record for week work instead of
piecework, with a uniform scale
for all crafts, and both right and
left wing delegates supported
these demands. The strike of cos-
tumers and custom dressmakers
at the Metropolitan Opera House
was not only supported, but the
convention instructed the executive board to call a general strike
in customs dressmaking, ladies'
tailoring, pleating, tucking and
hemstitching trades if necessary.
Politically more sensational was
the convention's demand on the
United States government for disseverance of all diplomatic relations with the Mussolini Fascist
governme|Tit in Italy and the
Horthy tyranny in Hungary for
their suppression of trades unions
and persecution of labor men generally. The Ku Klux Klan were
Sacco and Vanzetti, two working class sons of Italy facing the
death chair in Massachusetts unless their demand for a.new trial
to clear them of a conviction obtained for perjured testimony is
acceded to, got the unanimous
sympathy and a resolution for
support. Freedom of Benjamin
Gitlow, Communist imprisoned at
Sing-Sing, was demanded, and the
work of the International Lafcor
Defense in his behalf was 'endorsed, though general endorsement of the defense body was referred to the executive board for
May 1 holidays shall be sought
i|U all future agreements with employers, the convention stated.
Citizens' military training camps
and the militarization of the colleges were condemned. An all-
inclusive labor party was endorsed
but a resolution in behalf of
world trade union unity, to be
achieved by uniting the Amsterdam and Red Internationals, was
defeated by a 158 to 113 vote,
approximately the difference between the right and left wing delegate strength.
Denunciation of the National
Civic Federation repeated the union's action at their 1922 Cleveland convention. A resolution
unanimously passed instructs garment delegates to the next A. F.
of L. convention to present a resolution for the withdrawal of all
A. F. of L. members from Civic
Federation posts.
The insurance movement that
is headed by A. F. of L. officers
was endorsed, the left wing delegates opposing and the union's
banking establishments were also
o.k.'d by the administration majority.
Bankers Get Ready
For Mob Violence
Machines Threaten Coal Miners
(By LELAND OLD S, Federated Press)
TVTEGOTIATIONS in progress In a
joint commission composed of
representatives of the Illinois mine
workers and the operators of the
state may soon result in considerable changes ln the lives of Illin-,
ois coaldiggers. According to a report on the Illinois mining institute
by the Coal Age, pressure is being exerted to hasten action by the
commission in order that rapid introduction of machine loading may
meet  nonunion  competition.
"Mechanization of coal mines ls
at our door," said J. A. Garcia, of
the institute executive board. "We
are confronted with competition
from other states whose favorable
running rates are enabling them to
take our markets. This has put
our industry in Illinois in a most
deplorable state and in my judgment the crisis can be met only
by the mechanization of our
Other speakers, cited by the Coal
Age, asserted that because a reduction in wage rates could not be
expected, "a complete new order
of producing coal must be made if
the state is to maintain itself. Many
changes will be noted in the next 5
years, especially in the cleaning
of meehanicallly loaded coal."
"Machine loading," according to
the Coal Age, "reduces the -number of men in a mine and cuts
down by 60 per cent, the number
of working places required under
hand loading. Concentration of
working forces such as this reduces
the length of entry to be kept up,
and the investment for rails, wire
and supplies. It was estimated
that ln a period of 3 years a mine
can be fully equipped with machine
loaders bought with the earnings
of those first installed."'
' This description brings out the
revolutionary change in the coal-
diggers' position the loading machines will produce, It is similar
to that produced in the lives of independent craftsmen by power
machinery and the factory system
in the 18th century. It takes away
the freedom enjoyed by the craftsman working in his cottage or the
miner working alone with his buddy in his underground room or
place. It substitutes the discipline
of the falctory with its constant
supervsion by the boss and its
regular hours of work. The machine must turn out its quota of
production every day to produce
the return on the investment. The
freedom of the miners will be subject to this investment demand of
the machine.
Another Important feature of the
change is that most of the salving
through machine loading must be
a saving in wages. This will not
necessarily mean reduction in the
wages of the individual loaders,
which may be protected by the
agreement as to the machine scale,
>but reduction in the number of
miners employed. It will reduce
the total wages paid by a given
mine even if the machine loader is
nOt cut, though the companies
Would like to slash his individual
pay as well.
War Lords Plan Industrial Mobilization
praised Coolidge's Aircraft Board,
headed by Dwight W. Morrow of
J. P. Morgan and Co. Morrow
was present Gary expressed the
hope that congress would not enquire into the aircraft matter.
Bankers at the meeting included Seward Prosser of Bankers
Trust; Robt. V. Fleming, president
Riggs Natl. Bank, Washington;
Craig B. Bazlewood, vice-president Union Trust Co., of Chicago.
Railroad presidents attending included Patrick E. Crowley, N. Y.
Central Lines and J. M. Davis of
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western.
Among manufacturers there were
James A. Farrell, president U. S.
Steel; F. F. Fitzpatrick, president
Railway Steel Spring; B L. Win-
chell, president Remington Typewriter.
Asks Place For Labor
In Pan-American Meet
(By Federated Press)
LANSING, Mich.—The American State Savings bank of Lansing, Michigan's second largest
automobile centre, joins the number of financial institutions that
are making serious preparations
to meet popular uprisings whicn
are against the money dictatorship in America,
"This great stronghold of steel,
masonry and armor plate is proot
against fire, burglary, flood and
mob violence," it proclaims oi
the safe deposit vaults in its bos»-
ment. "Steel saws, files, chisels,
even acetylene torches and electric drills and cutters—all are futile. Nitroglycerine and other
high explosives are rendered equally harmless."
Subscribe to the Advocate.
(By ESTHER LOWELL, Federated  Press)
1VEW YORK.*—Millions of American workers are involved in
the intricate plans of the country's wealthiest men and the it.
S. war department to mobilize industry for the next war. Sec. of
war Dwight F. Davis, in explaining the industrial mobilization
scheme to the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers, 46th convention said:
The plan, dealing as it does
with the procurement of some 35,-
000 articles, made up of some 700,-
000 component parts, comprising
the output of some 20,000 factories and involving, the labors of
millions of workmen, is a huge
task of industrial organization."
Davis told the gathering of engineers and business men that
"the combination of a weak and
wealthy nation has never existed
for any length of time in history."
He told of New York Ordnance
District Advisory Board plans to
mobilize workers in the next war
to protect America's wealth, most
of it in the hands of these few
rich men on the board.
"Business-like administration of
your military establishment," was
promised the wealthy business
men by Hanford MacNider, assistant secretary of war and former
national commander American Legion, speaking on Industrial Preparedness as an Insurance against
War. The War Dept. Business
Council "made up of outstanding
experts in those sections of the
business world most closely allied
with our current supply problem"
is being planned, he said. MacNider used the old argument that
preparedness was the best insurance^—"not a great army but an
expert nucleus" and an "all-inclusive and expert structure of emergency insurance plans." In the
latter is included detailed assignment in peace-time of prospective
war orders to favored industrial
concerns so that war production
begins on declaration of war.
Judge Elbert _. Gary, chairman
U. S. Steel Corp., and chairman
N. Y. Ordnance District Advisory
Board, presided. After reading
president Coolidge's telegram,  he
TIIOSCOW.—Allied .blockades and
< allied support of the counterrevolutionaries in the first years
of the workers and peasants republic are the principal factors In 'the
Russian turn toward the east. It
was the practical result of the exclusion of the soviet republia from
the life of the west.
Travel between the soviet repub-
lio and western nations was impossible. Commercial relations
were destroyed. Mail 'was interrupted. The citizens of the Soviet
Union had little idea of what was
passing in the outside world, and
the people in the imperial countries had an even less clear understanding of events in the soviet
However great the apparent necessity and however strong the'
desire of the soviet authorities to
re-establish communication and
economic relations with the empires of the west the persistent
refusal of diplomatic recognition
forced them to turn east for the
building of their power.
The east .is an untapped reservoir of economic opportunities. Along the seacoast of Asia, western
machine civilization has made a
slight impression, but most of the
interior of Asia is untouched by
western culture. Nomadic tribes
continue to migrate; Chinese and
Indian villages maintain their pri-
mtive forms of organisation; herding and agriculture is the chief
Occupation; labor-saving machinery is practically unknown.
British, German and American
coal fields and iron deposits are
already more or less depleted. The
the Caucasus, the iron of the~Urals,
coal of the Don basin, the oil of
and the unmeasured mineral resources of central and eastern Asia
are practically untouched.
The east is more than a reservoir of raw materials: it contains
immense stores of human energy
and a vast undeveloped purchasing
power. Nearly one-hpif of the
population of the world lives in
Asia. China alone, with its more
than 400 millions contains over
one-fifth of the human race. In
China and India together there are
perhaps 750 millions out of the
world population of 1,800 millions.
Looked at from the standpoint
of resources and raw materials, of
labor power, <*r of potential markets, Asia promises great things.
Perhaps it is not too much to say
that the development of Asia will
determine the direction of world
history during the next century.
When Russia started east she entered this economic treasure-house.
Railway Workers Get
More But Toil More
WASHINGTON.—William Green,
president of the Pan-American
Federation of Labor, has sent to
President Coolldge, and to the
presidents of each of the Latin-
American republics, a letter asking that representatives of labor
be included in the several national
delegations to the Pan-American
Congress to be held in Panama
next June. The occasion of this
meeting is the centenary of the
first Pan - American Congress,
which was summoned by the South
American liberator, Simon Bolivar.
"All   too    often,"   says   Green,
"the  great  masses  of the  people
^presented in international
Only the voice of the
llplomat Is heard in
cases, and the aspi-
le multitude are left
. . It is my firm con-
it   by   calling   Into   co-
the   bona   fide    labor
of our country, as well
various other countries,
the governments can have at their
service a powerful factor for the
development   of   cordial,   friendly
and helpful relations, to the great
benefit  of our whole hemisphere
and its wonderful civilization."
Increases In railroad wages in
the last 2 years have been won by
a wholesale sacrifice of jobs, the
wage report of the interstate commerce commission covering operations in September reveals. This
report shows the average earnings
of all hourly paid employees at
$130 for the month compared with
$126 in September 1923, two years
previous. This is a gain of about
3%. But in the same period the
number of workers earning these
wages decreased frtun 1,821, 345 to
1,679,498, a drop of 141,847 or
about 8%.
These figures mean that by
sweating a little more Work out of
each worker remaining on their
payrolls the railroads could raise
wages to avoid unrest while reducing the total paid in wages
from $255,217,195 in September
1923 to $244,281,920 in September,
1925. This is ai decrease of nearly
6%. In the last 6 months in spite
of paying slightly higher per capita
wages than in 1923 the railroads
have actually spent $102,000,000
less in wages. This huge sum represents the employees' extra contribution to this year's record profits.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401
politan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths,
Bldg., 744 Hartings St. W.
JTlStreet W. Ths but makes of b|
on eai;  termi.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Ma|
H. Harvey, E8 Cordova St.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastingi Sjj
Dr.   d.   a.   McMillan,   pa
Graduate.     Open   daily  and L
ings.    Dawson Blk.,  eor. Hastlngi
Main.   Fhone Sey. 81)54. '
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   S01   DomJ
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.
dova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48
tings St. -,
Oordova St. W„ few doors wd
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesali
retail window glan.
Grandvlew   Hoapital—Medical,
leal,   maternity.     1080   Vietoria
High. 137.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Coij
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Ma_|
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and :
Ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cofl
V paired, by expert. Will Ed
965 Robson  St.    Sey.  201)4.
Pitman Optical House,  615
Ings West.	
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   Ha
Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310
On   the   ground   of   the
struggle we are invincible;
leave it we are no longer .
ists.    The strength and  pow
Socialism   rests  in  the   fact I
we  are leading a  class  stn(
that the laboring class is expl
and   oppressed   by   the   cap!
class;   and   that  within   cap|
society    effectual  "-'reforms
would  put  an   end   to   elt
ploitatlon   are   Impossible,
helm  Liebknecht.
Geo. McCuaif
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street. Vancouver,'
EMPLOYED l&y, December 25, 1925
Page Three
.- - POLITICS - -
Is Justice At Work     Bessarabian Peasants'
(White Terror Poland       Trial Comes To End
Pekin Teachers Seek        Moscow Metal Trades
Workers' Assistance     Invite German Unions
^.RSAW.—During the debate
i prison administration in the
parliament the Jewish M.
amerstein said the follow-
9e basis of the material that
nvestigation commission of the
| presented;
|kost   political   prisoners   are
[ already for ye-ats under the
terrible conditions in arrest
^!ward, and then it is proved
thy the prejudiced courts, that
f were completely Innocent. The
of   the   political   police   in
berg    tortures    the    political
kners   with    electric   ourrent.
le have 'been cases of the poi-
ttg  of prisoners  with  strych-
of the raping of girls and of
vounding of women near their
R.1 organs."
Jfe minister of justice stated in
fanswere that the excesses In
prison were caused by the agi-
tn  of  the  Intei-nationW  Red
as the bolsheviki did every-
Ig  possible  to  slander  Poland
[•make it appear as a country
Mite terror.
NEW YORK.—According to reports in the capitalist press, the
famous mass trial of several hundred Bessarabian peasants by
the Rumania military court has
terminated. Eighty-five of the defendants have been found guilty
and sentenced to terms of imprisonment ranging from two to
twenty years. Two hundred were
Like the case Of Mathi'as Rakosi and his associates, it was
the intention of the Rumanian
government to execute several of
the prisoners, but the great campaign of publicity carried on in
practically all countries is believed to be responsible for the
failure of the government io
carry out its original plan.
The greatest problem in India is
her poverty. It is evidenced in the
shortage of food, 64.6 per cent.' of
the population being under-nourished; discouraging housing conditions, the 1921 census showing
that over 70 per cent, of the work-
ers of the city live in single rooms
—an average of over four persons
per room; and in the prevalence
of disease. About a fifth of the
single rooms in Bombay contain
from six to nine persons and 13
per cent, have ten persons in each
room. Disease cannot be controlled under such conditions.
>e Tells Clergy To
Keep Out of Politics
|OVNO, Lithuania.—Much con-
hatlon has been caused in the
pan clerical forces here by the
Jr sent by Pope Pius XI to the
^op   of  Lithuania  telling, him
all catholic priests active in
tics must resign as clergymen,
lhe grounds that their behavior
Ihe government is "tending to
■promise the church" and "ali-
le confidence of the people."
T»is letter. lias caused a great
fin clerical circles as it is the
nan catholic clerical party that
linates   the   political   llfe#, of
ass arrests and persecutions of
jeers by the clericals themselves
[been practiced to such an ex-
j"that many workers haye stop-
attending church.   The confes-
als were used by the priests as
|ns   of   obtaining   information
vhlch arrests would be made.
|ie trades unions of Lithuania
crushed and In their place,
kcals trades unions were form-
tie   clerical   government,   with
able assistance of the Llthuan-
|soolal-democracy, has arrested
Jreds of workers on suspicion,
them in jail  for years and
when the time came for their
{ings they would be released
ftold that there were no charges
Inst them:
Soviet Justice Seizes
Killers of 500 Workers
MOSCOW.—The long arm of
revolutionary justice has laiid its
hands upon the murderers of revolutionary workers under Czar
Nicholas. Fifteen of these private
assassins who are charged with
having strangled to death nearly
500 revolutionary workers under
czarism, were arrested recently.
They operated secretly and were
paid by the czar's agents to make
away with revolutionists.
The evidence, as set forth in the
local press, says that they received
from $10 to $50 for each execution, and that one of them, a priest
named Rosamog, who officiated at
the hangings, received $1.50 for
each prayer on the gallows.
The place of execution is said to
have been in the cellar of a private
house. There .was a large table
and on it a chair. Attached to the
ceiling was a stout rope from which
the victims were suspended when
the chair was thrust from under
The Esthonlan courts have sentenced a worker, to 7 years hard
labor for proposals made by him
in a trade union meeting in 1921.
His crime was a proposal that the
Esthonlan trade unions should affiliate with the R. I. L. U. A court
in Dorp|ait sentenced two young
.workers, both minors, to 4 and 6
years Imprisonment respectively on
account of alleged activity dangerous to the state carried on by
them inside the trade unions
PEKING.—The professors of the
National University of Peking who
have organized to combat the imperialist encroachments in» China
by means of the unequal treaties,
appeal to the workers, peasants
and intellectuals of the west to
unite in a common struggle against
the imperialist policies of their rulers.
The professors point out that the
imperialist exploitation of China
the exploitation of her natural resources and her cheap labor power
means a worsening of conditions
in the western nations and that if
the workers desire to have better
conditions in their own lands they
must resist the imperialists' desire to mlake China the source of
a cheap labor supply.
The Transport Workers' Union
of Buenos Aires has decided at a
meeting to support the committee
which has been set up to organize
a reception for the Vasvia-Vorov-
sky, the first Soviet vessel which
has visited South American ports.
The anarchist paper La Protesta
and the reformist paper El Aven-
tlno are attempting a revolting
campaign against the Russian revolution during the visit of the
Vorovsky, but without any success.
"Kill, Brothers, Kill,"
Militarists Advise
on't forget!    Mention the Ad-
jite when buying.
Stay at the
The Plaoe Called Home
[Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. A121
(SOO  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms -with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
LONDON.—Out-and-out militarists are usually possessed of a kind
of brute candour—due primarily
to sheer inability to think, in the
human sense of the /word—which
betrays them in giving militarism
away whenever they set out to expound Its beauties to ordinary decent people.
Here is a quotation from the
Mannual of Military" Training now
being foisted on American University Corps.
"The object of military training is to win battles. Principles
of sportsmanship or consideration
for opponents are out of place—
the inherent desire to fight and
kill must be watched for and encouraged by tho Instructor. When
officers and men belonging to
fighting troops leave their places
to carry back or care for wounded
during the progress of an action,
they are guilty of skulking, which
must be vigorously suppressed.'
No wonder that this abominable
passage, which recalls the sort of
thing spouted by some of our own
brass hats during the war, has
caused intense indignation at New
Tork City College, where extracts
from the Mannual were printed
in  the College  Magazine.
In order to meet the proposed
budget, which will soon be submitted to the German reichstag the
tremendous taxation that the
workers are now forced to carry
will be further Intensified by 170,-
000,000 marks (about $42,500,000).
The proposed budget balances at
7,419,500,000 marks. Of this sum
600,000,000 marks will go for the
■payment of reparations.
Industrial Depression
Increasing in Germany
BERLIN.—Industrial depression
is increasing. The Prussian trade
minister's monthly report for November was distinctly unfavorable.
It is .true, that report predicts a
continuing although slow increase
in the export trade; but unemployed workmen in Germany as of
Nov. 15, are stated at 471,353,
comparing with 363,919 on Nov. 1.
This is the largest Increase of
any fortnight since last winter.
Bankruptcies in November also
numbered 1, 320 as compared with
1,139 in October and only 718 in
People who had been hoping for
easier money were somewhat disappointed by Dr. Schacht's decision, that the Relchsbank discount
rate would not be reduced, but that
he would merely modify th© bank's
system  of rationing discounts.
MOSCOW.—The following telegram sent iby the presidium of the
fifth congress of the Metal Workers' Union of the Moscow district
calls upon the German Metal
Workers' Union to send a delegation to Moscow where they will be
able to study the conditions under
which workers in the metal trades
in the Soviet Union work, and to
establish closer relations between
the twov unions:
"The fifth congress of the metal
wtorkers of the Moscow district
which has just taken place, sends
proletarian greetings in the name
of hundreds of thousands of organized metal workers in the Moscow district to the metal workers
in Berlin. It Instructed the chairman of the district committee
Striyeffsky, to send an invitation
to the Berlin metal workers in
name of our congress, to visit Moscow, and to study the development
of the metal industry and the life
of the workers arid the nature of
their trade union organizations.
Immigrants are being rushed to
New Zealand from Britain though
thero is no work for them on arrival and houses are scarce. Many
of them" are homeless and starving
Many offering themselves as scabs
for employment on the British
steamers laid up in New Zealand
because of the seamen's srike hope
thereby to get black to Britain.
A hundred and twelve peasants
were recently arrested and forced
to march long distances to the
prison here. All of the peasants
who Were arrested are charged
with high treason because of their
demand that western White Russia join the Soviet Union.
Serious disorders have broken
out in connection with the general
strike In Southern Mozambique.
Rioters have wrecked a railroad
train and stabbed the English
railway superintendent. Further
details are lacking.
Indian Telegraphers
Apply the "Black Cat"
CALCUTTA, India.—The telegraph service throughout India is
threatened with dislocation aa a
result of the action of the telegraph operators, who, protesting
against the government's delay in
replying to certain recent demands,
are said to be not so much striking as obstructing by passively resisting while remaining on duty.
Officials in the telegraph department assert that efforts are
being made to delay, by deliberate
interference with the technical
arrangtewients of the office and
the lines, and also by an effort
at sabotage near Howrah, whore
the aerial lines join the underground cables.
Mr. Barton, secertary of the Indian Telegraph Association, denounces these statements as fabrications, and says that there is
no question "that the passive resistance or a strike is merely a
just opposition to an unjust exaction. The position is complicated
by the rivalries of two bodies of
telegraph employees.—(Christian
Science Monitor.)
Owners of Plantations
Hold Filipino Girls
MANILA.*—Cases of young girls
who must serve from one to seven
years in bondage to a plantation
owner for debts ranging from $27
to $75 have been uncovered in the
•Occidental Negros Provinoe.
At a plantation near Isabella,
many girls are pressed into bondage by the plantation owners for
debts and are forced to work many
years for these debts without pay.
While working on the plantation,
all of the food, clothing and shelter are deducted from the girls'
"wages" and as the plantation
owners do as they please, the girls
go further and further into debt
A number of charges of illegal
detentions and homicide have been
filed against some of the plantation owners. But as the governor
general's office and the plantation
owners work hand in hand it is
not expected that the trial will alleviate this condition.
|Fresh Ont Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
[Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
HMtlSff St. BMt,  Sty.  118872     <f«5 Or»n*riU» Street   Sey. 0818-1891
161 HHtlnfi Street West Sey.  1870
In the current year, 2,323 people
were admitted to the high schools
of the Ukraine including 9*7 workers, 558 peasants, 646 office workers and others.'
A delegation of English woodworkers is expected to be present
at the woodworkers' congress of
the U. S. S. R., which will take
place in January 1926,
U. S. Baby Killer Is
Honored By France
PARIS.—For his massacre of
Rifflan tribesmen, who are fighting for the Independence of Morocco from the domination of
French imperialism, Colonel Charles Sweeney, of Spokane, Wash., is
being raised at the recommendation of Marshal Petain to the rank
of high grade officer of the legion
of honor.
This American mercenary, who
is being.cited by the French government, was in charge of the
Sherifflan air squadron which murdered thousands of innocent women, children and babies in the
mountain villages of Morocco.
Russian and British
Workers in Unity Meet
BERLIN. — Michael Tomsky,
chairman of the Russian trade
unions, is here to meet the delegates from the British Trade Union Congress on the question of
world trade union unity. Alexander 'Bogadov, Gregoire Meinitch-
ansky, Jean Lepse, Theodore Ug-
arov and Jacques Yaglom, all members of the presidium o'f the Russian trade unions accompanied
Tomsky to Berlin.
The British delegation consists
of Hicks, Pough and Findley.
"While the direction of the conference work and the activity of
the British-Russian committee depend upon the decision of the active members of the Amsterdam
international," declared Tomsky,
"we hope lhat the conference will
strengthen international uniformity.
Undoubtedly we shall find a
common language in our conversations with our English colleagues.
Despite all obstacles unity will
finally triumph, because the vital
interests of the proletariat demand
This conference of the Russian
and British . delegations is being
called in conformity with the decisions of the Scarborough Trade
Union Congress.
Freedon has a thousand charms
to show
That slaves,  howe'er contented,
never   know.
—William   Cowper. Page Four
Friday, December 25,
fyUkrial "pa-^e
Address All  Letters  ajnd
Remittances to the Editor
.8lp (Hattafratt fiatmr ADuuicatr
1MB Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. iPh'one Sey., 2182
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
MUSSOLINI'S signature does not
appeal- on the Locarno Peace
Pact, and for that there ls a reason. The world's champion labor
union smasher, and working class
oppressor Intended going to London to take part in the diplomatic
palavers, and to leave a sample of
his calligraphy for posterity to
gaze upon, but the British Labor
Movement took another view of tbe
matter. The rallwaymen threatened to strike rather than haul his
carcass to London, with the result
that Mussolini decided it would be
healthier to remain at home.
DEACE, we arc assured, will now
remain ,wlth us forever. ' The
Locarno Pact Is a guarantee of
that, and by way of making doubly
sure, the dally press Informs us
that the Pact is "backed by vast
armies". In other words, it looks
as if we may have a second war
to ensure peace,
* * »
"THRLE LANDS" are being treated to a sample of tills peace.
French guns have again raked
Damascus, while airplanes have
dropped bombs on it. This war,
of course, is being waged in order
to make Druse tribesmen keep the
peace. There ls a possibility they
might Invade Paris.
»        V        *
Bolshevik hunter for tho British ruling class, is advocating the
use of tanks against striking workers. There is no record of him
advocating that tanks be used
against gentlemen who commit
statutory offenses in Hyde Park.
According to this worthy knight's
standards, moral degenerates are
preferable to socialists.
* «   «
•^ that he Is responsible for
'finding" Stanley Baldwin. If the
British Labor movement keeps on
growing In strength and militancy
In the way It has been doing during the last year, Beaverbrook had
. better put a chain on tlie worthy
Stan., otherwise lie Is liable to
"lose" Mm. Baldwin being 'an
ironmaster will be able to supply
the chain free of charge.
» • •
opinion that the more people
are concentrated in one place thc
greater will be the oportunlty for
all. .The only thing the matter
with that philosophy Is that mankind arc not all pickpockets. Getting a number of people together
in a crowd makes it easier for the
light fingered gentry to work, and
doubtless tlmt was what was at tlie
back of our budding senator's mind.
It generally runs along channels of
that sort.
* *   *
>pHE SPIRIT of adventure has
died out in Britain, says Sir
George McLaren Brown, tont ln
chief for the C. P. R.'9 immigration scheme. The gentleman ls
afraid that the Britishers may refuse to leave the country and venture into the unknown wilderness
of Canada, If the truth were told
many of them know not too little,
but too much. Starving ln Canada
carries no greater an appeal than
starving ln Britain* Doubtless
■ome of them are contemplating
taking part in a greater adventure
than Sir George dreams of, namely
seizing the British Isles for themselves, Instead of using it as a
place for raising Immigrants.
Why This Immigration Campaign ?
tj^HOLESALE fraud and plunder summarizes the history
'" of Canadian railroads, but the colossal swindle these
corporations are at present engaged in exceeds all their
former acts of crime and deception. Their latest project
is to dump some 5,000,000 people into Canada, and this
scheme, which is being openly assisted by the Canadian
government, has for its sole object the increasing of railway
For the benefit of those who think these gentlemen are
actuated by altruistic motives, we quote a few statements
by railway presidents, newspaper editors, and other financial
pirates of high repute.
Commenting on the agreement made some four months
ago, when the Canadian government handed over to the two
railway companies the entire immigration arrangements, the
Financial Post ;*ays: "The government has entered into n
new agreement with the railways which, it is expected, will
increase the tide of immigration flowing to this country. . . .
Both -railways now become the direct immigration agents of
the Canadian government-*--© thing which must result in Speeding up the tide of colonists."
Speaking in Winnipeg to the delegates attending the
economic conference, E. W. Beatty, president of the C.P.R.,
is reported by the Vancouver Sun (November 18) as saying
that "he considered an aggressive immigration policy as a
precedent to any substantial improvement in railway earnings."
In an editorial on the question, the Vancouver Province
says: "Back from England, Sir Henry Thornton, of the Canadian National, predicts an increase in immigration from the
Old Country. . . . Bailway deficits in Canada . . . can only
be conquered through increase in traffic, and increase-' in
traffic can only come through increase in population. There
is not enough traffic in Canada, today, to make the Canadian
Pacific and Canadian National pay."
The same paper, in its November 18th issue, says: "We
have ... a railway and an industrial framework large enough
for a population at least twice as large as ours. ... If we
had more population, the railway problem, it is plain, would
solve itself, for population means traffic, and traffic would
quickly turn deficits into profits."
Writing in the Mail and Empire (Toronto, September 12)
about the "five million people needed to put our railways on
their financial feet," Dr. C. V. Corless, manager of the Mond
Nickel Company of Comiston, Ontario, and "right bower" in
Canada for Sir Alfred Mond of England, says: "Canada must
obtain and settle, as quickly as possible, the people for which
the railways were built. ... It would mean the conversion
of our railway deficits into profits."
Commenting editorially on this, the same paper, on the
same date, says: "In Dr. Corless' estimate, about 5,000,000
more people would make it possible for the Canadian National
Bailway to pay its way."
Dealing with the same subject, the Christian Science
Monitor (Boston, Mass.) says: "The general opinion is that
this problem would be much easier of solution with about
another million people in Canada."
It is frequently alleged that a benefit is being conferred
on these men and women by bringing them to Canada, because of the huge unemployed army in Britain. That these
buccaneers are not actuated by any motives" of brotherly love
is evidenced by the following excerpt from the weekly edition
of the Times (London, Eng., November 5): "With a garrison
which ranges during the year between 17,000 and 18,000,
Aldershot Command might very well become a reservoir from
which the Dominions might draw a yearly flow of settlers.
. . . For making these openings known . . . unusual facilities
have been erected on War Department land. . . . Posters,
pamphlets and lectures will assist the picture houses in familiarizing the troops with the schemes of land settlement." This
proves that even the sacred British army is being propaganda-
ized to secure victims for this Canadian railroad swindle.
Thousands of Canadian workers are already unemployed.
Farms are being abandoned and farmers going bankrupt, and
under such conditions to bring in another 5,000,000 persons
is nothing short of wholesale murder, but, as the above proves,
it is being done to increase the profits of railroad bondholders.
New Yellow Peril
(By Leland Olds,   Federated Press)
TF YOU knew that thousands of
Workers ln your trade were being exploited 11 hours a day for
wages averaging less than $6 a
month, and that this was leaving
you only partly employed, wouldn't you do something about lt? If
you found that these workers
were organizing to free themselves
from this slavery, wouldn't you
make common cause with them?
That's how the case for world
trade union unity presents itself
to British trade unions. Figures
recently issued by the Japan Cotton Spinners' Association show
good ground for such action. They
show the huge expansion of the
Japanese textile Industry and the
rapid gains of Japan ln the world
cotton cloth market, all based on
wages that would hardly feed a
horse here.
Average Japanese wages on a
yearly basis appear so low when
translated into American money
that they might easily be mistaken for the monthly wages of
an unskilled laborer or the weekly wages of a skilled tradesman ln
this country. The figures for male
and female employees in the spinning mills are:
-    Japanese Cottonmllls
the splendid inconsequence
life, to a dull and automatic
There   is   something   sh
about our abject subjection
Clock.    We are afraid to ij
It; forget It we cannot.   Eve
mance and adventure are
to free us from Its servitude
The most sacred of huma
lations have to be adjusted
will.    The Clock is there,
out l(s lnexonaible decrees,
and   ambition—the   two   grd
powers that human beings
—are not exempt from its dj
tic sovereignty.
The poet, that irresponsible (
makes haste to propitiate it.
musician must completely" sua
der  himself  to   It.    The  wS
wakes uip with a start, summfl
by it to his dally toil; all day/
he races against lt,  striving}
perately not to be  overtaken^
Ing up his vital energy In nq
racking efforts to do what. i
mands of him.
Slave of the Clock! Man,|
triumph of creation! From!
first cry to the last gasp. Cl|
Tick,   tick-tick,   tick-tick,
tick, tick.
"Australian  Worked
Subscribe to the Advocate.
Year's Pay.
Women workers outnumber tKe
men 3 to 1 i|ti the spinning mills
and 6 to 1 ln the making of cloth,
so that the average wage in the
Japanese cotton Industry ls less
than $65 a year. These workers
keep Japanese textile machinery
working 22 hours a* day ln two
11-hour shifts.
Cotton cloth from Japan goes
to China, Undia, the Dutch Indies,
Australia, the Philippines and in
considerable quantities even to
tho United States. The value of
these exports Increased from $3,-
437,474 in 1903 to $21,701,706 in
1914, and to over $163,000,000 in
1924. Taking Alexandra Egypt,
as a typical foreign market, we
fifnd Japanese goods offered at
$5.90 per piece in competition
with the product of American
mills at $7.66.
npHE sound of the Clock ls never
7 far away from us who dwell
in the cities.
Tick-tick,  tick-tick,  tick-tick!
Our eyes are continually fixed
upon the Clock's face, as if we
longed to know Its innermost
thoughts. ~ Our ears are continually strained, listening fofr the
warning strokes of its hours.
When you sit down, and calmly
think the matter out, lt is plain we
are the Clock's slaveB.
We daren't do anything without
consulting It. I sets us tasks, and
relentlessly measures out the time
allotted to their performance. And,
if we get behind the time, how
■nervous we are, how agitated, how
pitifully anxious to catch up!
Brother, why do we let this thing
of mechanism dominate us? A
tyrant of.cogs and wheels, reducing all the marvels of existence, all
—Heeta ucond Monday In tk* ml
Prtildtnt, 3. B. White leerttary,
Neelandi.    P. Q. Box flt.	
111, 119 Ptndcr St. Wut. Bul
raeitingi lit and Srd Wedneiday
lnit. B. H. Neelandi, Chairman; 1
lion-lion, Seo.-Treai.;' Angni Man
8544 Prlns* Edward Stntt, Van«f
B.O., Gorraipondlng Sanitary.
Any diatrlet In Brltlih Colnm oil
•lrlng information ra nenring apd
or thi formation of loeal branehu.l
ly oomnranieatt with Provlnolal ,
tary 3. hjlo Ttlford, 524 Birki
VaneouTir, B.O. Tiliphom Stj|
1188. or Bayrlaw _66»0.
Miati  noond  Thuraday  iriry
In Eoldin Building. Pruldent. J. Bi
will;   flnanolal   uontary,  H.  A
ron, 781 18th At*. East.	
28—Meeti flnt and third Prldajj
the month  at  145  Haitingi  W.,
p.m.     Preaident,   B.   K.   Brown,
Charlei  St.;  lecretary-treaiurer,  Ol
Harriion,  1182 Parker St.
UNION,   Loeal   145,   A.  F.  tt
Mnti  ln  O.W.V.A. Hall,  8iymonr]
Pindir  Striata,  aieond   Snnday  al
a.m.    Prtaldtnt, E. a Miller, 991J
ton itreet;  itontary,  E. A Jam
991   Nelion  itreet;   flnanelal  aaer
W. E. Wllllami, 991 Ntlion itntlj
Unli.r, F. Flttohtr. 991 Ntiion
at Roomi C, 8 and T, flaek Ball!
188 Haitingi Stnat W., VaniourirT
Tel. Sty. 8898. Prtildtnt, Rohtrl 'J
Viet-Preildtnt, David OUleipla;
Trtaanrar, Wm. H. Donaldion. Yld
Braneh, Room 11, Oram Blotk,
Stnet, Vietoria, B.O.   Phona 1908.1
Pmidint, R. P. Ptttlpiiei; rlttf
Hint, 0. f. Campbell; iientarytl
nrtr, R. H. Neelandi, P.O. BexJ
Meeti laat Snnday of taeh month
p.m. in Holdtn Building, 18 Halting
UNION. No. 418—Prtildtnt, 81
Maedonald; iieretary-treainrer, J.J
Campbell, P.O. Box 889. Mitti J
Thunday of eaeh month.
JUabar A&imraj
With Which la Incorporated f
By tha Labor Pnbllihing Oo.
Busineu and Editorial Offlee
1199 Howt 8t
in ■_»__■■_.___________   i.mwi-m
The Canadian Labor Advocate ii a '
faotional weekly newipaper, giving 1
of the farmer-labor movement In ae|
Bubiorlptlon  Ratea:  Unittd  Statu
foreign,  $3.50 ptr year;  Canada,!
par ytar, $1 for ilx monthi; to nn]
subscribing in a body,  lte ptr
ber per month.
Member Tha Federated Praia aat
Britiih Labor Praaa lay,. December 25, 1925
Page Five
[e Labor College In
letting Better Wages
f Art Shields, Federated Press)
IILADELPHIA. — It   will   be
fer for Philadelphia building
tes contractors to fool workers
(it their profits and other lm-
PRIMITIVE EAST Farmes Declare War
WELCOMES RUSSIA        On Deflation Policy
(By SCOTT NEARING, Federated
TIJOSCOW.—When    the    western
(By Carl Haessler, Federated Press)
CHICAGO.—Revolt  among   the
powers forced the young Rus- farmers against the Coolidge-fed-
sian republic to turn to the east eral-reserve deflation policies In
Bant facts If other local unions they did not realize that the prim- American agriculture ls spread-
fw the example that Painters' itlve communal life and social ex- inS from the tenant farmer and
ftl No. 682 is setting In the perlences of the oriental peoples mortgaged producer to the next
in shop economics lt ls man- provided a very congenial setting n'sher layers of small banker-
for the Philadelphia Labor for the modern Communal doc- -farmers whose turn is now at
bge. In this class we find trines.
ve unionists gathering the
on the trade and presenting
lo fellow workers outside on.
I job ln the form of Illustrated
feature that tells the exploited
tje-earner   how    much    he   ls
fling, how much he is missing,
what he should do about it.
'have before me three inter-
}ng charts, prepared by the un-
i students, that hit the nail on
head  pretty well.    Take the
fits   chart,   for  Instance:   Two
fcles  built  like  pies  and  aptly
fed  pl-graphs,    Each  circle is
Elded into three pie wedges of
lying size.    In the first pie we
the wages wedge of $1,380,-
Slberla, and in China, while dlf-
the  wages  actually paid  by fering ih the detail of their organist of contractors.   The profits  Izatlon,   present   a   similar   social
ge ls $877,000, and the other  picture.    They are essentially co-
hand  to    be    sucked    dry
knocked flat by Wall street.
This is the significance of the
revolution the past week in the
American Farm Bureau federation, long the citadel of railroad-
of~the' tribal, "the Packer-banker corruption for destroying the solidarity of the organized farmers. A clean sweep
of control was made leaving o.
E. Bradfute, a sinister politician
and gentleman farmer of the
Ohio gang high and dry among
the also rans when he sought to
become president for a 4th term!
He had conscripted Calvin Coolldge to fight for him by a trip
from Washington to Chicago, but
Social life in central Asia, India
and China is quite different from
that ln the west. Western industrialism has produced an extreme
form of individualism. Asia still
lives  the  life
family, and the village community.
Instead of being ardent individuals
bent on the acquistion of personal
wealth and power, tfiey conform
to the habitual life of the tribe
or-of the village. The Individual
lives his life most acceptably when
he advances, not his own interests,
but the interest of the group.
Villages   in   eastern   Russia,   In
Xmas Specials
Arthur Frith & Co.
Xmas  Ties  in  faney  boxes,  SOo
to  $2.00
Lined Mocha Gloves, $1.95 te $2.50
Children's Knee Gum Boots, 6 to
10%    $1.78
Men's  Astrakan  Auto   Gauntlets,
lined       $2.60
See us for Xmas Garter and Suspender Sets.
Men's  and  Women's   Slippers at
special priees.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men'a   and   Boya'   rurnlihlngi,
Hats, Booti and Shoei
Between   7th   and   8th   Annua
Phona Fair. 1*
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
Wa Have Seat Oood Baft la
Cash  Payment! Aa  Law As *r *****
Phone Say. 7106      1865 OranvUlt Si
Vaneoaver Turkish Baths
Will Onr* Tow BhtnmatUm,  Lumbago, NauittU or Bal Odd
744 Hu_U.fi St. W. Phona Say. S0T0
The existence of the slum and
theopposition" bru'shed'cir'aside the waste fleld slde ** side' of the
unemployed bootmaker without a
decent pair of shoes on his feet
and yet unable to translate his
natural   need   for   shoes   into  an
like any other pfficeboy and put
in Sam Thompson, of Quincy, 111.,
as president.    Sam ls more of a
Its wedge Is $460,000. The sec-  operative.    Whether the  portions banker than a farmer,  but he Is
ll pl-graph shows the wages of the land are owned ln common a small banker and has personal econiomlc demand for Wis own
fcge capable of being raised to" or whether some similar social tie as well as banking reasons for ,abor as a shoemaker, of dilap-
1180,000  and the profits wedge  exists,   the  village  unit  is  larger thinking that farm deflation went idated   rural   houses   and   an   in-
than   the  family.    For  the  most far   enough   when   it   evicted   the tensc  depression   in   the   building
part, throughout the far east fam- small  fry in  the years  following trade,   prove  as conclusively that'
■THE voice currents used
A in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per seeond.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
to   $177,000,   with   the   boss
(1 making 8 per cent,
ard for the employer to kid
workers with the old song:
know you  need more,  but  I
|j't afford to pay lt."
ily ties in some form—the tribe,
the clan, the household—predominate.
Some day, no doubt, western-
economic and social methods will
penetrate Asia. Meanwhile the
economic  and   social   life   of  the
the  war.
Negro Trade Unionists
Would Make Klan Gasp
our industrial mechanism is out
of gear as a full cistern but a dry
ta,p proves that there is an obstruction somewhere in the pipe.
—J,  Ramsay MacDonald.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-401 Metropolitan Balldla*
687 Haitingi St. W*. Vaneouvar, B.0.
Talaphonti: Stymour 6668 aad 6667
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
NEW   YORK.—If   a   Ku   Klux
ffice Workers' Wage
HUgS COSt Of Living continent  Was changed  very little
       . during   the   European   industrial Klansman" had"attended"the "last
the average wages paid  office revolution. New York mass  meeting  of  the
rkers, Including all grades up to     Western    Individualists    resent rig|ng Brotherhood  of the  Sleep-
lice  managers  and  superinten- the soviet idea beoause it comes [ng car Porters in Negro Harlem,
|its,   employed   by   factories   in 'nto direct conflict with their so- hts sense of the fitness of things
York, state in October, 1925, clal experience.    The members of would have been rudely shocked.
$34.49 a week,' compared with eastern  clans,  tribes,  and  house- For    here    were labor    speakers
1.58 in October 1924 and $19.18 holds find nothing incongruous in with   a   poise   and   knowledge   of
[June, 1914.    The increase over the soviet Idea, since their expert- affairs,   and     above    all  with   a
October amounts to 5.6  per ences are primarily communal and merry wit that it would be difficult to match.
All educated on the job, too;
few negroes start the game of
life as other than wage earners
or farmers. Color discrimination
takes care of that.
Roy Lancaster, general secretary   of   the   union;   W.   H.   Des
But the increase over 1914 not primarily individual,
only  79.8  per cent while  the 	
*rtS^£SErt Uncle Sam Keeps Eye
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
DOCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between diseased teeth and-bad health.
Every week or two some physician sends me a patient to havo hli
teeth attended to, and fn the majority of cases tho doctor1! suspieiona
are confirmed, and the health improves when the Dental needs have
beon  supplied. ...      , ._.,*,
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and this In
turn depends on mastication. • -_
Dr. Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methodi.
sed 125 per cent, in the same
lyear period.
this lag In office wages meant a
Bous reduction in the living
ndards of white collar workers
the -winter  of  1918-1919  they
Ire forced to meet a 70 per cent.
On Chinese Situation
WASHINGTON.—China Is once
more worrying the Coolldge administration. Not the question as Verney, field organizer, and Frank
to what the Chinese are going tp Crosswaith, secretary of the A.
do next. That is pretty well peg- P. of L. Trade Union committee
Wease in the cost of living with 8fed down; their revolution will for organizing negro workers, put
ges up only 26 per cent., in 1919- Proceed, marked here and there the case for organization in sucn
a 100 per cent, increase in liv- °y military campaigns between a we-are-winning and at the same
costs with wages averaging r'val loaders. But what the Jap- time logical way that the iinor-
y about 42 per cent, over 1914. anese Imperial government may ganized came forward with a rush
h wages could purchase less ^° 'n or<Jer to maintain its hold to take out cards. Of course the
n % of the goods and services upon Northern China—that's a speakers were not the only reas-
'which their prewar earnings had serlous Problem right now. on for the membership rush, for
■ustomed them Today office J*Pan owned Chang Tso-Lln, social pressure counted too. The
irkers have just about caught up  bandit ru,er of the three ricnest unlon ,a building up a sentiment
h  the   prewar  standard  while Princes  of  Manchuria.    Ameri-  "     '       "        ■" "-
ctory  workers  have  materially can a"d Brit,sh commercial Inter-
ests, jealous of Japanese commer-
Iproved their position.
ills Big A. F. of L.
[Union "Bunch of Reds"
■NEW YORK.—The Internatlon-
! Ladies' Garment Workers' Un-
has gotten under the skin or
llph Easley, chairman of the
lecutlve Council of the National
pic Federation. Asked what he
to say about the convention's
lion tn unanimously adopting
Resolution condemning the Ciijlc
deration and urging the A. F.
IL. to oppose labor men's mem-
Jrshlp on its 'executive body,
Isley exploded* to the Federated
'That bunch . of reds — they
luldn't break in here with a
nmy. We don't want them,
bu can quote me' as saying so."
[Easley Was referring to the gar-
lent union," not" tb ' the A. F. oi
as a whole, but surprise was
fcpressed in labor circles that a
Kvlc Federation official would let
Umself go so far as to classify
he I. L. <J. W. U. In such general
clal supremacy in north China,
and yet afraid of the Soviet Russian influence over his chief rival, Gen. Feng, backed the once-
powerful Wu Pel Fu in his attempted return to power in Peking. Someone seems to have
bribed the lieutenants of Chang
to desert their chief. But instead of turning to Wu Pei Fu,
the Manchurian rebels have enabled Gen. Feng to dominate Peking. Japan has lost the round,
but Moscow rather than London
and Washington may now smile.
An Immediate reaction in Japan is seen. Public sentiment
turns towards a Russo-Japanese
understanding, as against a renewal' and strengthening of the
Anglo-American-Japanese     under-
that makes it socially hazardous
to stay out. The group spirit is
strong among Negroes, and few
want to be outcasts at lodges,
churches and Negro clubs—least
of all outcasts on the trains.
Reign of Terror Still
Continues in Bulgaria
SOFIA.—After a year of mass
murder the blood thirst of the
Zankov gang does not yet seem to
be satisfied. Justico is working at
full speed and the paper Utro, not
a Communist paper, because no
left papers exist in Bulgaria, writes
in the following manner about thi?
new wave of "legal" terror:
"The district court of Burges
presented four death fentences to
AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
Entranco 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8955
King Boris which he changed In-
standing which has been tried for  to prison for life.   The death sen-
some years past. fences of the district court  Kus-
The    state    department  experts  tendil against Kisyev and his coin-
on  the  Far  East  look  with  bus-   rades-and the death-senterices at
plcion upon the elaborate . hostility shown by Tokyo toward the
Soviets, since it is evident that
America and the British empire,
rather than Russia, will Insist Upon racial discrimination In the
Tirnovo against Paunov and his
comrades were, hiowever, signed
by the 'merciful ruler'. In the
meantime the trial against the
Communists Is taking place in Sofia where dozens of dentil sientijn-
Thank You For Past
Olothing, Shoes, Hate and Furnishings
-I Ii 'v^I CM are <Jen>toded." Page Six
Friday, December 25," 191
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)   ,.
Fascists Form to Smash   Chicago's Milk Supply j
Labor in AustraUa    One-Fourth Tubercu]
IJ—E largest attendance this fall
A was recorded at the regular
business meeting of the Federated
Seafarers' Union on Friday December  18th,
Two membors of the organization, who had joined the union
under the pretence of being good
union men, were expelled for acting as strike-breakers, and another
member was ordered to appear before the next meeting to explain
why he should be reinstated to
membership as a new member instead of paying all the arrears.
Two members were fined the sum
of five dollars for changing their
ratings from one position to Ian-
other. Both mien were notified
and agreed' to pay the fines.
It was mover and seconded by
Brothers Bailey and Moran: "That
as the proof has not come from the
printers re Membership Books, a,
committee be appointed to look
Into the matter of Inserting several
rules In prominent type as there
are several that escape the notice
of members." The motion was passed and the mover and seconder
asked to refer to the particular
rules, which was complied with.
A letter was read from the National Sailors and Firemen's Union of Canada dealing with amalgamation! proposals. This letter
was discussed at great length, as
It was reported that the Secretary
had made unsuccessful efforts to
block men from The Federated
Seafarers' Union from getting employment. A motion was passed
to revert to the same tactics should
the amalgamation proposals fall
to materialize.
The Auditing Committee appointed to go oyer the books are,
Brothers P. M. Kelly, Terry and
It was suggested that a smoker
or social evening be held in the
Headquarters confined to members
after the next business meeting, or
as soon as convenient. A committee was appointed to look into
this matter.
Several men have been shipped
from the hall this last week, quite
a rush of employment was started
on Monday last. Thtere are quite
a few members ashore at present,
and the Hall is filled from morning
until night, members are asked to
contribute as much reading matter as possible for the r-eading
room. The next meeting will be
held on Tuesday January 5., 1926
in the headquarters, at 8 p.m.
Items of interest will appear in
the next issue of the Advocate.
Employer Terrorists
Indicted in Chicago
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO.—Indictments, chiefly
against gangs of employers who
killed competition by throwing
bombs, continue to flow from the
Cook county jury room. A new
association of bosses involved
ihrough criminal charges against
its officials is the Retail Grocers
and Delicatessen Stores Business
Men's Association, while the Re-
tall Cleaners and Dyers Association reappears. To lend a little
color to the original frenzied publicity on alleged labor terrorism
a stray union offlcal or two is
also named but the expected discrediting of trade unionism in
Chicago has completely collapsed
in the relutant admissions by the
daily press that the employer
associations are the master
76 Hastings East
Ut* 54th B»tt ud 72nd Batt.
Asks U. S. Bankers To
Aid Bankrupt Britain
NEW " TORK.—Former United
States Ambassador George Harvey
he of the knee pants and silk
stockings, is trying to arouse the
country to aid Great Britain in
maintaining Anglo-Saxon domination of world finance. He writes
of the distressing industrial stq,te
to which England has fallen since
the war, in the North American
He even notes that English agricultural workers are nearly a half
a million less than 50 years ago
and must work for a week on what
some American farm hands miake
in a day. Unemployment is increasing; England is living on her
capital; 6,000 more are born on
the Island each week! Save England for the British capitalists, is
Harvey's cry.
Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—Led by Chairman Borah of the Senate
committee on foreign relations,
the battle in the Senate against
American adherence to the world
court will begin as spon as Sen.
Swanson, ranking Democrat on
the committee, shall have finished his speech in support of the
court on December 17. Such effective debaters as Norris, Reed
of Missouri, Johnson of California and' Brookhart will join in
the attack. Lenroot will direct
the defense on behalf of the Coolldge   administration.
Borah's line of attack will be
that the court ls a creature of the
League of Nations, and as such
is not an ■ unbiased International
court, but ls controlled by the
militarist powers of Europe, led
by France; that it offers no solution to- problems of international crime, because no offender can
be brought into court without his
own consent. Its political character makes it dangerous, he will
argue, because the problem of
Soviet Russia has not been squarely met. Until the Soviet union
is made a co-equal member of
the family of European nations,
and Is so recognized by the
United States ln the discussion ot
such matters as disarmament, the
court cannot take up disputes in
the very part of the world where
danger of war Is most apparent.
President Coolidge has decided
to put up to Congress the decision as toe whether he shall take
part ln a general disarmament
conference under League auspices.
Borah will oppose American participation, on the ground that the
scheme is designed rather to aggrandize the League than to banish war. He will again propose
American recognition of Russia
as a necessary preliminary step
to any dealings with League
Italian Youth WiU Be
Taught Fascisti Ideals
Why struggle to maintain a
system in which money is a man's
only protection and the more he
gets of it the more he will need
protection. Never can he get
enough to feel secure or free from
impending disaster. The more
he gets, the more fearful he must
become. How can it be otherwise
when the more he gets means the
less someone else will get?—William Crocker.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orden Beceive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
W« Make a Special Effort to Get Good* Ont by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Oorner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.0.
ROME—Premier Benito Mussolini, who now has more power in
his hands than any of the ancient
emperors of Rome ever dreamed
of, ln an address before the First
National Congress of the School
Corporation here, laid down that
in the future the school children
of Italy would be taught fascist
"The government makes it imperative that the school shall be
inspired by the Ideals of fascism."
declared Mussolini. "That the
school shall not only not be hostile to fascism, but that in all
grades and by every institutional
instruction the Italian youth shall
be educated to comprehend fascism and the noble aims which
fascism   proposes  to   accomplish."
He then went on to tell those
that were nt the congress that
they might just as well recognize
the fundamental change that has
been accomplished in Italy by the
decree passed by the fascist marionette  parliament.
''It was not only- a change Jn
the government, but a real political and social revolution, which
ln all probability will leave nothing of that which constituted the
old regime," declared the fascist
He ended his talk before the
gathering tell.ng them that many
items that were now on the school
curriculum would be taken off,
as he Intended to make the schools
"educative, formative and moral."
and laid great stress on the teaching of fascist ideals to the youth.
(By Federated Press)
CYDNEY, Australia.—Fascist or-
ganizations have been established throughout Australia. .This
has now been frankly admitted by
the spokesmen of the organization.
That they are fashioned after the
Italian model is shown by the
statement of comander-in-chlef
Thatcher who says 'we are impressed by the spirit which animates the spirit of the Fascisti in
Italy." Mussolinin said in Italy
early in November that branches
of the fascisti had been formed in
Australia. Headquarters have been
established at. Sydney, Melbourne
and Brisbane, and branches opened in all leading towns on the
Though the federal anti-labor
government repudiates any connection between the fascisti and
the anti-labor political parties, the
formation of the fascisti coincides
with a speech by prime minister
Bruce that he favored a dictatorship to govern Australia.
Official documents which the
Labor press has secured from uni
impeachable source disclose that
the federal government has been
busy organizing the fascists
throughout Australia. The documents include secret orders to the
fascist organization of the steps
to be taken restore law and order if the workers get out of hand.
These orders read as follows:
"It is of extreme importance
that under all circumstances coolness in judgement be used. On no
account will a group or member
of a group provoke an assault. The
civil police, while assured of your
support and assistance, must' be
regarded as the force to take the
"Group leaders will maintain the
closest liaison with the civil police
and render all assistance without
usurping the usual powers and
duties of the civil police."
During the first week of November 750 Fascists marched on
Cairns where there was a dispute
between the waterside workers and
the shipowners regarding the loading of cargoes. Claiming that the
Communists had captured the unions, the fascists usurped the civil
authority and armed with axes,
knives, revolvers, and clubs they
set upon several union officials and
manhandled them.
The unionists rallied in force, issued an ultimatum to the fascists
to quit the town at once, otherwise reprisals would follow. The
fascists fled.
CHICAGO.—Over one-fourth
the milk that enters Chl^
comes from herds that are ,
bercular declare twenty-four ll
ing. doctors of Chicago in a lef
to the governor of Illinoi; '
manding that all cows within!
confines of the state be tested J
tuberculosis ajnd that all milk j
dairy products be watched
fully so that products cotl
from tubercular cattle do not<
ter the state.
In the letter lt points out
Chicago which gets one-fourtlil
its milk from McHenry couf
comes from herds of which 80J
cent, of the cows are suffelj
from tuberculosis.
Health    authorities    point
that milk or dairy products cd
ing from  tubercular  cattle  i_(
grave  danger to the  babies
those who drink the milk, as :
teurization  does not kill the '
bercular germs.
A controversy has arisen In-*
Chicago district over the tubi
ulin test for cattle, in which
city health authorities,  who hi
failed to perform their duties !
many  years  in  this  respect,
now attempting to  carry on
berculin tests of cattle after mtj
leading health  authorities in
city have pointed out the rea,
for  Chicago's   increasing   tubef
ular disease rate.   At present
tubercular sanitariums ip the
are filled to overflowing, and
desperate cases are taken Into
county or municipal hospitals.
Ask Any Labor Man.
Housekeeping  and  Transient
Central—-Terms Moderate
Under New Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Ok
bridge, Props.
Police Used To Break
Grave Diggers' Strike
CHICAGO. — County highway
police are guarding the Mount
Olivet and the Holy Sepulchre
cemeteries, where the grave-diggers and the caretaker have walked out on strike along with those
of three other catholic cemeteries
to enforce the demands of the
Both the- Holy Sepulchre and
the Mount Olivet cemeteries are
using strikebreakers to bury those
that are sent there to be burled.
Police details furnished -the
cemetery bosses will ''guard" the
strikebreakers to a*nd from and
at work against any of the strik-
ng gravediggers, who are trying
to reach the strikebreakers to tell
them of the existing strike.
Very few graves have been dug
by strikebreakers. The strike is
being led by a federal union of
the American Federation of Labor.
Big redactions, splendid
values. Begular price
$22.50 to $42.50, now-
$15 to $37.6!
Oor. Homer and Hastings!
The Fedralandslaget, a Norwegian fascist organiaztioiti. has sent
the government a letter demanding
that the Communist Party of Norway be declared an Illegal organization.
During the month of October,
1925, unemployment increased
preatly in Denmark, the unpmplnv-
ment total at the close of the
month having been 35,124, as compared with 28,412 at the close of
September, 1925.
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Sentee for Bepairs
AU Work OnwHtNd
Special Attention to If all Orders<
H. Harvey
Kstabllshet la Taaeenver In 1WT
•• CORDOVA STREET W. (day, December 25, 1925
Page Seven
Jidon Workers Protest
[ailing of Communists
^ND'ON.—"This meeting of the
titlve Committee of the Lon-
l Trades Council representing
lOO organized workers 'affilla-
(to this organization, most ve-
pntly protests against the re-
* exhibition of capitalist class
Ice by the wanton lmprlson-
|fr of twelve members of the
■munist Party who are active
lers in the Working Class
te formally declare that lt is
(opinion that a grave injustice
pbeen inflicted upon these men,
L-we urge that the National La-
[ Party, the Parliamentary La-
^Party, and the General"Coun-
M the Trades Union Congress
hedlately convene an all-in na-
|'al representative conference of.
' bona-fide  workers'   organiza-
Is, for the purpose of resisting
the most strenuous manner the
Ions and threats of this most
Jtionary tory government.
Jhls National Conference should
[considered of the utmost urg-
and  all  affiliated  organiza-
jis of the London Trades Coun-
|are urged to use their endeavor
Iseteure   tha   conference   being
id, and thus create the neces-
ly  machinery  for  securing the
pase of these comrades and the
nediate   repeal   of   such   anti-
rklng  class   legislation   as  thie
(tiny Act of 1797, under which
se workers have been imprison-
5on't forget!   Mention the Ad-
ate when buying.
ick To the Union
With a Vengeance
GLASGOW, Scotland. — Teh
busand men and boys at the Boiler Colliery Notts and Derbyshire
|s are handing in notices to
nlnate * employment until all
join their respective unions.
Che problem of non-union labor
[becoming acute. The trade un-
movement cannot possibly
up to its responsibilities if a
je nurnibeir of its potential ef-
ives are going to remain im-
The bosses  want  two   shillings
day reduction in the miners'
ges.     They   want   the   miners'
furs  lengthened.    They  have  a
"kn of campaign to get what they
|_nt, and they are organized for
The trade unions must also be
ganized to  the last man.    We
Innot afford to allow~non-unlon-
Ls to continue at work.    Every
ftn-union man Is a potential scab
Id   blackleg.     They    must   be
[ought Into the union—If not by
kson then by power.
►The  South Wales miners have
|ng ago found that united action
this respect will certainly bring
Isults. We are confident that the
lotts miners will come to the same
1 Force the non-unionists Into the
nlon. Force a drive Into every
for 100 per pent. Blackleg
|roof Miners'  Federation.
"The Worker" (Glasgow).
t Hunger ought to be considered
crime.—Anatole  France.
| Advertisers are helping us. Re-
iprocate by buying from them,
nd tell them you saw lt ln the
fOTIOE is hereby given that screenings at the Commissioners' elevators
In hand over forty-five (45) days and
lubject to disposal under Bylaw 12S,
brill be disposed of from time to time
Its occasion arises.
Offerings  of such screenings  will  be
bolted in the Vancouver Merchants' Exchange.
Vancouver, B.C.)
17th December, 1925.
Union Membership Growing
(British Labor Press Service) 1924 by other processes than that
EVIDENCE  that  the  decline  ln of amalgamations, and 18 Unions
Trado Union membership lias ™>™   dissolved.     The   reductions
been checked and that the tide lias due t0 amalgamations  numbered
turned   Is   supplied   by   statistics 14-    The  following figures  show
published ln the  November issue how  the  number  of  Unions  has
of the Ministry of Labor Gazette. 1een  reduced  *>?  amalgamations
The returns, based on Informa- durl«S the ia&i flve years:
Uon collected by the Ohlef Regis- New Dlssolu- Amalga-
strar and—Hi the case of unregis- Unions,   tions.   mations
tered Unions—by the Ministry of 1920      - 119    —    83     -    82
Labor, relates to last year.    They 1921    - -    4B    •*•-   73      •    8B j
show that membership increased, 1922      -   28   —   40     -   36
and the number of Unions was re- 1923    --;    16    —   42    —    16
duced,   mainly  by  amalgamations 1924   --    26    —   18    -•    14
during the year. The   numbe*-   °£  Orations  of
Although the aggregate increase Uniona has decreased,  mainly by
in membership was small, not more the merging of local Into national
than 2.2 per cent., the figures show organizations,  from  114,  with an
that some groups of Unions had a aggregate   membership   of   more
very substantial increment of mem- tnan   10  mim°ns  in  192°-  to  87'
bers, offset by fairly large reduc- with a membership of 5,331,000 in
tions in the case of other groups.
The   total   membership   was   ap- Tile Trades Councils
proximately 5,531,000, an increase Trades Councils have decreased
of 121,000 at the end of 1923. irom 487 in 1923 to 479 last yeajr;
Recovery From 1920 in 1913 thwe were 329' The total
Trade  Union   membership   repre-
This   Is   the   first   increase   of s6nted for industriai purposes on
membership that has been recorded theSa loeg_ couno*la ig approxlmate_
since  the-economic  slump   began ly a 241 000   „ compared with 2>.
at the end of 1920.   The total in- „ .„ ^ previous year| and
eludes   some   30,000   membors   in fl()0  ^  m3_    About ^
Irish  Free  State  branches  and a cent  of ^ aggregate member3hIp
similar number in oversea branches. Qf Trade Un*ons js nQW so organ.
as well as a number  (principally *zed locUly .„ a^Mt 43        oentj
teachers)   who   are   members   of *n 1923j and „ cent   ,_. m|_
more than one organization and Trades Councils are most nura)erous
are therefore counted more than  .     , , *     -     ,  ,.     »_,j,    _,
, --■'      . . in  Lancashire  and  the  Midlands,
once    Allowing for these   the net and  ^  are mw of  ^  ^
membership in Great Britain and gouth ^^ ^ Mon,mouthshlre
Northern  Ireland  is  estimated  to  .,       .    „„,__.,,„„ „„ ,    „„„,.,-.„,
- ,,. *■.„«,*, _,     ,.u c     tna*u in Yorkshire or in Scotland,
be 5,450,000, as compared with 5,-
300,000 at the end of the previous PoUtlcal Funds
year. As one is dealing with Trade Unit Is interesting to note that the ion statistics it may be well to
increase is due to an addition .to include here some particulars re-
the number of male members— garding the organizations that
the number of women members ac- have taken decisions to establish
tually declined. political funds. The details were
Laborers Organizing- Sivei1   *>*   sir   William   Joynson-
-, ,        . ■   ,.. Hicks in  the House of Commons
There was a large increase in the ___ *_      ■ .        „
•*. *_, „ .u \ „,_ , i„k„,. last Friday. His list shows that
©rmbershtp   of  the  general   labor ',,_,        , _     _   ., .
tt . I, .*.       ,_.        ~z„. ,i   „*,)„ there   are   110   registered   Unions
Unions,   "other   transport,"   min- .... _*,;,_ a        ,,.,    ,
:;,_., „   „„„ that    have    established    political
ing  and   quarrying,   railway   ser-
, _  i. „*,     , , u m*-„ tunds. and in addition 27  unreg-
vlce, and builders'  laborers.    The . ■»
..       ..   f      „   .un*~ Istered Un'o..s or unregistered fed-
increase   in   the   first   of   these ,-,_,,     ^   »_• t,' /.  t.
, ,, .   ,  .     u . erations, including the M. F. G. B.,
groups is partly accounted for by ..__,'       . T1 °.  ....     ,„   ,     '
°- *,     -   .,        .     TT .      - the Union of Post Offioe Workers
the amalgamation of a Union for- ^T *
. .    ,  ,   . ,     .. ..!„„„, —and the National Farmers   Un-
formerly included in the national .
and  local  government  group.    A       ' * *,.
. ... „ * .    „, ■*.      The aggregate membership pay-
deicrease   in   the  carpenters'   and f.    ,   ,        ,    _.     ;-„%./
. 7      , •      _. „ „ . a ing political dues in the 110 Un-
joiners' group is wholly accounted ,-    ", ,    „ „„„ ... .   .,
,      .      °   .  , „„D^(_. ions is nearly  2,600,000;  and  the
for by their oversea membership. , .--.-■
■ .  ,        ,       . .v.,-. number   of   members   who   have
The metal, engineering and ship-
,   ,,,. .        *,     j   ,i       , claimed exemption is about 90,000,
building group showed a decline of _ ,_  TT . ,
„„ „.       , _"■ i= ■ _u ■ . i Some 17  Unions make no return
32,00 or 5 per cent.; In the agTioul-        -*■* --.,..■
__ '   -f ,.     . „ .       , as to thenumber of paying or non-
tural group the fall was heavier, _    _/ ,        „.,   ,
*i       .     icnnn „,   „ paying members to their political
amounting   to   18,000   ox   23   per "
funds.    Not  all  the Unions  that
_ ,     „,       .n.n have established political funds are
Gains Since 1013 ,...,. / , ......    ,  .     __   .      _,
affiliated to the Labor Party. For
Fluctuations in the membership example) the Amaigamated Union
can  best  be shown  tabularly,  as of Buildlng Trade Workers, whlch
follows: has 38,251 members paying to its
Total Trade Union  Membership    poliUcal fundj and 3754 conscien.
1913   4,135,000      Uoua obj60tors t0 the fund is not
1920  8,334,000      a£mlat.e(i to the Labor party,
1922  5,614,000 H  T
1923   5,410,000 k	
1924   5,531,000
Compared  with   1913   only   one Building Workd'S
group showed a decrease—namely, Protest War Oil KedS
the cotton Unions.   In all the oth- 	
ers there were In the period in- LONDON.—At a special meeting
creases ranging from about 5 per oJ the Executive Council of the
oent. in the mining and quarrying Amalgamated Unlon o£ Building
group to nearly 200 per cent, in the Tra(Je Workera held on Frldayi
agricultural group. But member- November 20_ a stl.ong resoiution
ship in the latter group was less was passed pI.otiestlng 9gainst the
at the end of 1924 than one-third proBecutlon o( working-class lead-
of the total of 1920, that of the -_ ^ condemnlng the Govern.
general labor group less than one- mentj especlauy the Home Seore.
half, and those of the metal, en- Ury f(yr the pavtlal adlninistra_
gineering and shipbuilding, and tl(m o£ Ju_Uce ,n favor of the Fas.
the    commerce,   distribution   and    ...
finance   groups,   less  than   three-     ^ r6solutlon urge8 the work.
fifths of their 1920 totals. erS|  ,n  vlew  of  the  slnistei.  actl.
Effect of Amalgamation vities undertaken with the coun-
The number of Unions fell from tenance of * the Government—e.g.,
1,161 in 1923 to 1,155 last year—a the strike-breaking plan of th*e O.
decrease of six, as compared with M. S„ the specially stimulated en-
1920, when there were 1,364 Un- rolment of special constables, etc.
ions in existence, last year's total —to do everything to strengthen
showed a decrease of 209. There the organized movement in pre-
were   26   new  Unions   formed   in paration  for the struggles ahead.
Advocates the Use of
Tanks Against Workers
LONDON.—Sir Basil Thomson,
head of Scotland Yard, in his recent work "Th,e Criminal" advocates the use of armored tanks
against workers, who are on strike
or demonstrate for better conditions. The following excerpt taken
from his book will give one an
idea of the propaganda that the
ruling class is now placing In the
minds of Its defenders.
"The mounted police were useful
ln their day, but the day has passed. The defence for them is that
they are useful incontrolling disorderly crowds, but a London
crowd Intent on mischief in these
days would have the men off their
horses in the first rush, since the
modern paving gives no sure foothold for a horse, however, lie may
shot. . . The modern appliance for
dealing with disorderly crowds Is
the motor-lorry filled with police
and driven slowly along the line
to which the crowd Is to be kept,
or, In case of a mob bent on outrage, the light tank."
Miners Demand Release
Of British Communists
LONDON.—The miners' E. C,
with Herbert Smith In the chair,
passed the following important
'This Committee unanimously
protests against the altogether unwarrantable and severe sentences
inflicted upon.the officials of the
Communist Party, considering that
the whole proceedings were influenced at every stage by political
bias. We unite with the other
trade unions in demanding their
Immediate release an'd the prevention of this attempt to interfere with the freedom of the press
free speech, and personal liberty of
Signed on behalf of the Executive Committee of- the Miners'
Federation  of Great Britain.
Herbert Smith, President.
Rt. Hon. T. Richards, Vice-President.
W. P Richardson, Treasurer
A. J. Cook, Secretary
British Oil Workers
Fight Wage Reduction
LONDON.—It was decided by
the Executive of the Shale Miners
nad Oil Workers' Union on November 22, to continue the strike In
resistance to a wage reduction of
10 per cent, until the reduction ls
withdrawn pending an Inquiry Into the question on terms of reference which are to be put forward by the men.
The employers' proposals are
similar to those put forward by
the Wool Trades employers in July,
in that they agree to the inquiry,
conditional upon the men first accepting the reduction, which is to
bs restored in the event of the
inquiry going against them.
Proposals for the inquiry put
forward by the men are that the
Committee should consist of two
members nominated from each
side, with an Independent chairman appointed by the Minister of
Labor and that after the terms of
reference have been approved by
the General Councils of the Scottish and British Trades Union Congresses, they shall be submitted to
the employers.
Six Organizations
tfbr Strikebreakers
•       (By Federated Press.)    '.   .
LONDON. — England has -r bIx
main strike-breaking organizations;
preparing for pext spring, according to the British Labor research
department. They are .not commercial scab-herding agencies. after the American model (a model
which has been Imitated in
France, aB revelations at the recent trial of the Douarnenez gunmen have shown), but so-called
patriotic organizations enrolling
volunteer scabs. They resemble
the German Technical aid with
a large admixture of Italian fascism, and are .recruited chiefly
from the middle class. One of
the six organizations listed ls
formed directly by the government—the Army Supplementary
Reserve (transport section)—and
the government has made it clear
that it will collaborate with-the
unofficial organizations in a big
The five unofficial organizations
are the O. M. S .(Organization for
the Maintenance of Supplies), National Citizens' Union, British Empire Union, British Fascists and
the national guard. As an example of the government's strikebreaking tactics, a reminder is
given of how, during the railway
and coal strikes of 1919-21, lt
ordered that unemployment doles
were not payable to anyone who
refused to do transport work, and
how It asked local authorities "to
form citizen guards.
The professional scab is quite a
familiar specimen in America,
just as the middle-class "patriotic" or fascist scab has long been
familiar to European labor, but
that the former exists also in
Europe has come as a surprise
to many people. In the recent
trial in France of strikebreakers
and stool-pigeons for violence
during the strike of sardine packers at Douarnenez last winter, it
was revealed that all three accused were professional scabs employed by an agency with headquarters in Paris, which exists by
grants from employer associations. It had even received a
secret grant of 25,000 francs from
the city of Paris at the instigation
of ex-President Millerand, lt was
revealed. Qne of the accused
boasted of having broken thirty
Fascism is the historic example
of the development of scabbing
into a social creed. The women's
section of the British fascisti has
recently threatened disciplinary
action'against its members If they
do not "state plainly exactly what
they are prepared to perform
with the British Fascists in the
event of trouble in the spring."
Such duties include automobile
drivers, nurses, cooks, waitresses,
stenographers and messengers.
Women fascists unable to perform these jobs are told they cun
render service by offering hospitality to fellow fascists, or "by
feeding a llmlteu number of fascists (scabs) should the need
Rail Labor Refused
Any Wage Increase
LONDON. — The government
commission on railway wages has
rendered a report which denies
all pleas for a raise ln the wages
of railway labor. It has been
joyously accepted by the capitalist
press, but there Is certainty that
tho arrogant attitude of the commission will generate further unity
in the ranks of* the British unions.
I Especially lt will tend to push the
movement for an alliance with
the minerB and transport workers.
The worst tyrants of the days
of violence' were but feeble tormentors compared with those captains of industry who have taken
The   lust   of   gold   succeeds
rage of conquest;
The   lust   of   gold   unfeeling  and
the pleasure of work away  from The ,agt corruptlon of deKenerate
the workman.—William  Morris.
Samuel   Johnson.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
Patronize our advertisers. Page Eight
Friday, December 25, 13
MAf*l  W**lr*»0  MAAf ;n  Pol***    CHRISTMAS COMES     "Dare To Die" Corps        India Rich Field For
ITieiU   ffOJTKerS Ifieei ID raiace        BUT ONCE A YEAR       Formed In Shanghai        British Exploitat
TlyfOSCOW.—Last   night,   in   fche sident of the Supreme Council of
HaU of Columns of tbe House National Economy, and Losovsky,
of the Unions, formerly the House the general secretary of the Red
of the Nobles, there opened the International of Labor Unions.
seventh oongress of the All-Bus-     All of the speakers dealt not on-
SHANGHAI.  — Colonel      Yen India ls the typical colonj
Chung-chang,    Chinese   chief-   of exploitation.    Immensely rich
police of the. native city has pro- thickly populated, she  reprd
hiibited  public  meetings following for her masters at once a foj
the formation  of a  "daro-to-die" and a! defence.   It is through ;
organization   of   militant  national that  the  British   Empire
Federated Press)
MEW YORK.—A plasterer.brick-
layer,. carpenter, building laborer, compressed air driller, lonit-
slan Union of Metal Workers, with iy with the great accomplishments shoreman>    cook|    co stre*t
478 delegates representing 685,000 of the last two years but also with  paver( cierks, metal workers  sign  Uberatlonists, who openly proclaim her destiny.    India is the
members present and about a hun- the   errors   discovered   in   their paintgr   tlou^. mixer   tailors'"hat- they will fight to the death against place of British commerce t,
dred more expected to day.   The course and with'the new problems te      ^er,   dollmaker,'    domestic            "'      '""""""    '"""" "      "   '     '"     """""  ""
huge balcony was filled with guests confronting the workers of the U. servants   scrub   women    and   an
and on the stage around a table s. S. R. 0ld  coachman  are   among  those
decked with red were seated the     Djerzinsky   ended    his    speech who   have suffered  enough  mls-
-Swedish,   Norwegian  and   Finnish with the remark that in the strug- fortunes  to'be  included  in  New
delegations from the metal work- gle   £or   communism   the   metal York's 100 Neediest Cases, chosen
ers' unions. worker stands in the front lines— by
Rulers In Overalls       ' "Long  live  the  metal   workers." the Times 14th annual Christmas
•   Thousands  of  fancy  bulbs  en- Both of the other speakers dealt appeal.    Workers who look  over
cased in sockets which were built at  length  with  the  International the    stories of    these  cases will
police  and  soldiery  breaking  up Far East.    India gives the
meetings of the workers and the places of support for the sea-i
national liberation movement, of
which the Kuomintang is the leading party.
Indiai recruits for the Army le
of   high-spirited   soldiers;   nq
contingents  fight  for  Great
This is merely an indication of tain in China and South Afri<(
six  charity   organizatlans   for the growing spirit of the Chinese      During  the   Great War,
masses, stirring under the heel, of supplied more than a million
alien imperialism, and kept from of whom more than 100,000
open revolt largely by native offi-  killed.   India is for Great Brj|
readily    find
their    own holiday cial repression.
into costly crystal chandeliers cast situation
their light upon the hundreds of Shows Who Rules Bussia
delegates and  guests,  almost all     The remarks of Losovsky that Among the cases there are 18 "Buffer States" Form
of  whom  came  dressed  in  their the workers of the capitalist coun- chlldren  ot  u  to   18  years  who _,       A_r€_i___.f P ••<_<_.'**_
working clothes. Many of the de-  trlBa despdte the capitalistic press are the sole support of 63 other .DHH, -against IVUSSld
legates   were   bearded   men   and aBSisted   by the social-democratic Persons*   many    ot    them    sick.
there were not a few women. Two  presg  l00ked  wlth sym.pathy and There  are  U  mothers struggling BUCHAREST, Roumania,
women were among the 39 elected  love upon the efforts and achieve- t0 support 47 dependents;  7 wid-  Slavia,  Czechoslovakia,  Rouman-
to the presidium of the congress. ments  0i  their  Russian  brothers
After a military band had play- brought forth tremendous applause
ed  -the   International,   A,   Lepse which rose to thunder when the
greeted the congress in the name Swedish,  Norwegian  and  Finnish
of the executive committee of the delegations were presented to the
AH-Russian Union of Metal Work- congress.
ers, briefly reviewed the period of      The great number of workers in
almost two and a half years which tlieir   working   clothes  seated   or
intervened since the last congress, walking  about  in  the  great  and
calling attention particularly to the beautiful lobbies and in the smok-
great progress made in the matter ing room of the former House of peated-
of production which already In the the Nobles was rather a strange mother
ows whom 41 children look to la and Poland have entered into
for food, clothing and a home, a military alliance and have sign-
There are 10 old men and women ed an agreement in whioh they
over 66 who have as many others declare, they will aid each other
expecting their living from the 10 in   case   of   war.
who are still able to work a Uttle.
Over 70 people mentioned in the
100   Needles  Cases  are  destitute,
helpless, without anyone  to support them.
The stories are many times re-
overworked    father
breaks   down,
This pact which has been entered into by the small states that
border the Union of Socialist Soviet is an attempt on the part of  into British coffers the interest]
an enormous market; two third
her importations come from
-llsh sources; she furnishes fill
cent, of the wheat production
the Empire.   68  per cent,  of i
tea, 73 per cent, of the coffee,!
most all the cotton.   An irnma
British capital is invested in|
dian  mines,   factories,  plantatf
railways and irrigation works. /
dia pays the interest on prob
360 million pounds sterling.
India  keeps  busy an  army]
British officials whose salaries/
pays and whose savings go
year to Great Britain.   She p<y
fiscal year J.923-24 had passed the sight to a,n American; but' it fur- 0r contracts an industriai disease,
production  planned  for  the year  nished  vivid and  incontrovertible usually    tuberculosis    to     which
Production Increased 70 per Cent.
The year 1924-26 showed an increase in production of 70% over
the previous year and all signs
pointed to a healthy Increase during the coming year.
Wlien he remarked that since the
last congress the Russian workers and peasants had lost their
great leader, Lenln, the huge audience stool up as one and the band
played the funeral march.   Such a
proof that the ruler of Russia is their  work  has  weakened  them;
indeed the worker of Russia.
the   great   powers   of   Europe  to
create an alliance against Russii
or which can be used in their nev
is injured,   offensive.
This pact follows the Locarni
peace pact which was also aimed- against the Soviet Union by
the  capitalist  powers   of  Europe'.
European Labor Vote
Swings Toward Lett
Party Urged For U.S.
(By  LEN
■DERLIN.—A   general   swing   to dustrial accidents get.
the left throughout Europe is
seen as the result of recent elec-
every    case where
parents    are    stricken  the eldest
rendering of the funeral march no "ons ln «reat *?***•' O*-™"^. child  is  still  not  old   encugh  to
American   —-   *""■   ""♦   h""   ,n Swltzerlan(^ Latvia-  Belgium and
who  has  not  been   in
Czechoslovakia.     Not   only
the   working  olass  parties   made dustry
the savings, if any, are quickly
wiped out by increased expenses,
no income and the needs of grow- ~
ing families of one to eight child- Formation of Labor
ren. Sick and death benefits,
when there are any, disappear astonishingly    fast,    and    sickness
from work Is not usually given CHICAGO,—A Chicago echo of
the small compensation which In- Pres- Coolidge's message to congress Is heard ln the thorough
analysis and comment on lt by
the Workers party which releases a long statement, summarized
ln the following paragraph:
"Every specific recommendation to congress made in the
president's message Is a recommendation in the interests of the
wage workers and exploited farmers."
The party urges the formation
heir public debt,  the pensions
old officials, the governmental J
penses of her administration,
than 30 million pounds sterli
year is the estimate of the
that India pays in the United .
dom to her creditors, her sto
holders,  and   her  officials,
we do not know how much
brings to the merchants who tr|
with   her  and   the  shippers
transport her goods.    Never
the term  exploitation  better
plied.—By A. Demangeon, in
erica and the Race for World
In    almost
Patronize our advertisers.
get the   special    work certificate
at  14,
so early does ln-
out  Its    workers.
Russia ever heard.
Errors and Accomplishments       bJg progresS( but their ^ wtaft when  ^  ^^  ^ ^^
After paying honor also to the tj,e Communist parties in particu- they   are    forced   by their   dire
memory of Frunze and the metal ]arj jjaye made.the most remark- need and    lack of    training Into
workers who  died  since the  last able strides.   In Czechoslovakia the jobs that are nearly always blind
congress the delegates heard the Communist  party polled  close  to alley   occupations;   pay   meagrely
greetings of Tomski, the president a  million   votes  and   proved   the for present family needs and of-  °f a LaDOr party and alllance be-
of the All-Russian Federation of seCond   strongest   party    (or   the fer little chance for advancement.  *Ween   the    wage    workers    and
farmers "against the capitalist
parties of Coolidge and Morgan."
Gets Jail tor Wiping
Faint Can With Fl
Case of
Cured by
, German Unions Are
Trade Unions, Djerzinsky, the pre- strongest party, according to some
estimates, for the returns are not
completed),   Increasing Its  parlia
mentary representation from 27 to
42 at the time of writing.   In the
Berlin    municipal    elections    the   (By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Communists   more   than   doubled     How  the  skyrocketing  of  Ger-
Mr. Efford ls » grocer of thii
city at 2260 Cambie St., and
a resident of Vancouver for a
number of yeara.
At his highly-equipped Cardero
Street   sanitarium   Dr.   J*    J'*
Totten speedily  and  completely
healed me of a severe case  of
bleeding   and   protruding   piles,
from which I suffered dally for
ten years. .
A remarkable feature of the
cure is there was absolutely no
pain, no bleeding and no enrg-
ery, about the treatment.
Judging by my own desire for
help, which I sought almost
dally In vain, I cheerfully and
voluntarily make this statement
for publication, trusting it may
be ol value to others.
Dr. Totten, to my mind, has
exceptional aklB, and I feel I
should give to my unqualified
endorsement of his work the
widest circulation.
Anyone wishing to verify this
statement may do so by calling
me at Pair. 2087U Anyone
suffering with piles and wMn.'*
to consult Dr. Totten will find
the Sanitarium at 1816 Cardero
Street, 1% blocks south of
Davio. Tako either Davie or
Robson street cars (No. 2 or
No.  5)  to  Cardero.
658 Tenth Avenue Eaet
Vaneoaver, B.O.
Growing in Strength Swedish Communist
Editor Goes To Jail
their vote and now have 43 rep- man finance produced by the at- STOCKHOLM, Sweden — The
resentatives Instead of 20; and in tempt to enforce the Versailles sentence of four month's impris-
Latvia, where the Communist par- treaty has reacted on the German onment upon O. N. Engranez, ed-
ty is ilegal and could not put up trade unions is shown by 1924 ltor of the Stockholm Communist
any candidates, the Social-Demo- membership statistics In the year daUy Folkets Dagbladet, for his
crats made the biggest gains, head- book of the General Federation of attack on the President of Fining the list with 32 members out Gh»™an Trade Unions.   A contin-  'and "* the Finnish Government
uous and rapid decrease in mem-  ,for  Jallin*S   a   number   of  active
bership   reduced   the   total   from  Communists,  has been  confirmed
7,305,904  at the  end  of  1922  to  by tne Swedish government.
3,976,002 at the end of 1924. The   Dagbladet   in   an   article
The rapid decline began in the commenting on the sentence pas-
last quarter of 1923, after the sed by the Swedish government,
currency crisis had put down pro- deo**ares that it will defy any at-
duction, causing wide unemploy*
ment.    In that quarter trade un*
of a house of 100.
In Great Britain the November
municipal elections show more
than 40% increase in the strength
of labor since three years ago. The
Labor party gained 200 seats.
The Social Democrats in Germany increased their strength in
LOS    ANGELES,     Callf.-
Ball, a tailor, was 'arrested i
shop, 115 West Third street. Dc<
orating  the  U.  S.   flag was
charge.    Ball $1,000.    He is
to have cut the American fla
two pieces and using It as a
covering while painting his ta
shop,   walking  on "it and sett!
a bucket of paint on the embl^
The defendent's attorney pie
at the trial, recently held, thi
client did not know he was
of any wrong-doing in using'
flag to wipe off a paint can.
Judge Chateibers would not |
swayed.    Ball was convicted,
attorney,   Claude   Morton   mo4
for a new trial which was denfl
Oral notice of appeal was giv|
Sentence: 250 days in jail.
Liberty  and   duty  are  insepaj
able terms.—Kent.
the municipal elections, though not ion membership fell off by 1,-
to the same extent as the Commun- 297,932. Throughout 1924 It con-
ists. In Berlin the Social Demo- tinued to fall, the loss in that
cratlc party Increased Its repre- year totaling 1,7-116425 members,
sentation from 46 to 75. In the par- But in spite of these heavy losses
Momentary elections in Czecho- amounting to 3,330,902 members,
Slovakia, however, the Czech So- the federation membership at the
oial-Democrats receding from 52 e,nd of 1924 was nearly 2,000,000
to 29 members and the German ahead of 1913.
Social-Democrats from 29 to 18. The average annual member-
In the Belgian municipal elec- sWp in 1924 was 4,564,163, com-
tlons this fall the right parties have Pared wlth 2,673,718 ln 1913.
been outdistanced by the working- "vV",tn the end of 1924 the'down-
class parties. According to latest ward movement in membership
figures, the Conservatves (Cathol- stopped and the first quarter of
les)   have  lost  11  seats aind  the 1925 showed an increase of 210,-
000  over the number enrolled in
tempts to muzzle Its exposures of
the character of the Finnish government.
The fight  arm  of Labor
strong press.    Add power to
arm by subscribing to THE CA
Liberals 23, while the Socialists
have gained 30 seats and the Communists
October showed gains for both
Socialists and Communists.
December,     1924.    The     General
11.     Swiss "elections""in Federation is the most important
factor In German trade unionism,
but there  are  also  the   so-called
 __ Christian   trade   unions   and   the
Hlrsch-Dunker (company) unions,
Pass this copy to your shopmate with    combined    membership    of
•nd get him to subscribe. about a million.
■ ' 'ii1 "i i
WE HAVE an assortment of Travellers' Samples atj
"  prices that make' it possible to give a "good Christ- j
mas present" at very little cost.
Men's Work Boots
You will never buy bargains like this again.
SOLID        ttO €_\B_     TAN 0B
LEATHER   <]>«_f«€fO       BLACK
Dress Shoes for Men, Women and Ohildren at
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library)


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