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The Canadian Labor Advocate Nov 27, 1925

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 THE .CANADIAN
Bventeenth Year.  No. 48
y
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FF /^ATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING,/   ffc 27, 1925
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
7
Unions On Warpath   Open Shop In Quebec Battles B.& 0. PL.   U. F. A. Organizing   U. S. Likes Fascisti
i .IONTHEAL WOULD ARM
AGAINST BRJ^AD TRUST
E(By C. McKay, Federated Press.)
flONTRBAL—City-owned bakeries to combat the bread trust
•cere   advocated   by   Aid.   Joseph
I'Schubert before the Montreal
Trades and Labor Council, in com-
' nen ting on a proposal of the
bakers' union to establish co-op-
|eratlve bakeries.
"The   bread   trust   controls   a
kapital of $400,000,000, and owns
fflour mills as well aa bakeries,"
aid Schubert.   "Tou will have to
uy flour from the truat at trust
iratei."
At the request of the unlona,
fche chamber of commerce and
Other'organizations, the Montreal
city council haa appointed a committee' to investigate bread. Plain
white bread sells for 8 cents per
pound In Montreal. In two cities
among the wheat fields of Alberta
plain bread retails for over 9
■cattta, *,i>r more than twice the
|prioe of 4.6 cents for plain bread
ot*th« same  quality in London,
Brifr   ■
- /f
|. A merger of .biscuit companies
b«tng formed ln Montreal. As
Ln Inducement to Investors, the
prospectus calls attention to tha
(remarkable success of .the J-Ta-
btonal Mlscult Oo. of the United
Itates, a merger of American bls-
|ult concerns,
"National Biscuit common atock
fsould be bought aa low as $31 a
hare   ln   1898,"   the   prospectus
ays. "Since then lt has 'paid
large and regular dividends. It
paa given four shares for one,
hnd a stock bonus of 75 per cent.
|'oday the shares are  selling at
bout three times their par value,
that a holder who paid only
131 In 1898 has now the equivalent of over $500 for his original
nare. Other biscuit mergers have
§~lso shown wonderful results for
[he original holders."
Catholic Unions Strike  Edmonton R.R. Carmen Irvine Offers Assistance
In Action
SUBSIDIZE ASSASSINS
BY ITALIAN DEBT PACT
(By Federated Press)
MONTREAL—Boot and shoe
manufacturers of Quebec City have
put over a wage reduction on their
employees, members of the National and Catholic Union, by moral
persuasion in the form of threats
to move their factories.
Montreal hoot and shoe manufacturers have been preparing by
hard time stories. Montreal workers do not swallow the low wage
philosophy so easily. When Pres.
Baivetock Wilson of the British
Seamen's Union was here preaching the virtues of wage reductions,
the sailors howled him down,
though the newspapers gave him
generous space for interviews defending his thesis. A few weeks
later Pres. Green of the A. P. of L.
came to Montreal, and delivered
the most formidable broadside
against the low wage philosophy
ever heard here.
The United Farmers of Alberta
has accepted the offer of William
Irvine for his services as organizer
in the coming membership drive of
the U. F. A. which has been recom-
EDMONTON,    Alta.—The    Edmonton lo„al of the Brotherhood
of Railway Carmen of North Am- __
erica, is on the warpath to fight tended'to"" every" l^cal'of" the "or
the notorious B. & O. Plan ganization by the  executive coni-
At „ recent meeting of the West unjltteei which  held  a meeting in
Edmonton Lodge a resolution was Calgary  last  week.    Commencing
adopted to elect the local secretary November 80, Mr. Irvine will de-
and one other man as a committee vote .his time to the work or six
"to be empowered to draft, publish wtSOksi   without   remuneration   of
and  distribute  bulletins  exposing any kind, the U. F. A. providing his
the  anti-working  class  nature of traveling and other expenses from
the Baltimore and  Ohio. Elan  of point to point.
Co-operation.   The bulletins to be The v_ F> dlrect0rs will be noti-
distrlbuted to the members of all .fled ot Mr- Irvine.s 0ffer So that
railroad shop crafts, so that this they m|ay send in particulars of any
plan of profit making may be ex-
meetings that they plan to arrange
Quebec Enthusiastic
PURCELL SHAKES UP
WORKERS IN MONTREAL
posed and rejected by the workers at onc6| ,„ order that the 8lx week>s
of Edmonton ami district, and a gchedme may be completed. Mr.
polioy. of amalgamation, ■ consoli- irvine desired to visit the constitu-
dation and unity on natidi«<| and -meiM whloh lft the past haV6 ^a,-
international lines may be adopted," ^ to obtain his assistance but to
In their first bulletin the C-*ft-> which he has been unable to.go.
mittee points out that this plap- - ■■ ■       '   *
causes Increased unemployment,
speeds up the workers, and benefits
ho one except the company, which
is able to produce more at less cost.
Trade Union Unity
TORONTO LABOR HAILS
;,)..,    BfRCELL'S UNITY CALL
[A Newspaper School
Soviet Press in Action
(By Scott Nearing, Federated
Presa.)
TIFLIS.—The Dawn of the East
Ii an official dally of the Trans-
.aucasian Federation.-The Soviet
ommisars of the federation ap-
oint an editor, who is nominally
charge. The. local managing
dltor decides what shall go Into
Iie paper, which has a circulation
f 30,000 and goea throughout
rans-Caucasla. It ls the largest
~ the eleven papers published In
tiflls. I
• "What do they put in your Ami-lean papers?"' Editor Dagvodse
iked me. I told him.
"Ours ls very different," * he
ild. "We publish (tec or eight
igea each day. Two pages are
svoted to International news; one
i Russian news; one page to
moral Trains-Caucasian newa; on«
local news and news concern-
Iig tha life and doings of looal
orkers. Party news, discussions
nd questions make tfp abont a
age/*: *•/ "*. T",w!*l.
j The Dawn of tha East accepts
Ida. But not to tlie exclusion of
lie newa. : r*1wl
1 This paper, the editor explains,
as much a part of the educa-
(Contlnued on page 3)
MONTREALrrAlbiert A. Purcell,
president of the Amsterdam international Federation of Trade Unions and fraternal delegate to the
American Federation of Laibor convention at Atlantic City from the
British Trade Union Congress* was
enthusiastically received by the
French and English workers that
attended his m-eieting hem
PUrcell's plea for unity on the
trade union field was loudly approved by the assembled workers.
The necessity for tradie union unity
was strongly felt by the French
and English workers as their forces
in Montreal are scattered and
weak. The existence of Catholic
unions further divides the trade
unionists besides the craft unionism of the A. F. of L. unions.
At the end of Purcell's speech,
all of these workers rose as one
man and loudly cheered Purcell
and world trade union unity.
When Purcell spoke of the
achlevments of Russian workers, a
demonstration ensued which lasted
for several minutes.
*^*^_£^*3_ _i _.._■*,
NEW YORK—(FP)— The baftj|
on Countess Karolyi will he put di'
raotiy  up  to   President   Coolldge:*
imi_liMfr*id''James _t -tiH-f-WWa1$ffi '^ys^is?;?Tfr_teriiatiOnal
legal representative. Seoretary of Federation of Trade Unions and
State Kellogg had denied entry to fraternal delegate, to the American
the wife of the former Hungarian Federation of Labor convention at
premier on vague statutory grounds Atlantic City from the British
barring radicals. Trade. Union Congress,. received a
 ,  thunderous ovation at his meeting
here where he urged world trade
unity.
When Purcell called for unity of
the working class against capitalist
wars a demonstration followed his
remarks that lasted several minutes.
Purcell's plea for unity with the
Russian trade union workers -made
From Czarist Chief
To American Private
'(By Federated Press)
NEW   YORK—From   chief   of
police, in   Czarist   Petrograd—the
post he held five years in resplen-       -_____________n_m*^^n****************^^—*
dent imperial uniform,  Alexander  a deep and lasting impression on
Martynoff has been reduced by the  the trade unionists assembled.
Purcell ended his meeting urging the Canadian workers to send
a delegation of unionists to Soviet
Russia so that they can study the
developments ln the Union of SociaUst Soviet. Republics for themselves and see the Russian trade
unions at work.
Canadian Railroadmen's
Monthly Shows Profit
(By Federated Press)
OTTAWA, Can.—While most labor journals are seldom more thnn
two jumps ahead of the, sheriff the
Canadian Railroad Employees'
Monthly, organ of the Canadian
Brotherhood of Railroad Employees, declared a profit of nearly $9,-
000 last year. It is a Federated
Press member, paper, being one of
8 national or International railroad
unions taking FP* service for their
journals. The brotherhood ls an
independent organization, like the
train service unions, but covering
all classea of railroad workers,
chiefly maintenance of equipment
ahd of way.
Bolshevik revolution to the plain
drab costume and the humble perquisites of a private Holmes policeman at Fifth Avenue and 7th St.
But he is still among friends, at
least ln the shadow of their home,
for the residence he Is assigned to
guard is that of Mrs. J. Flnley Sheo-      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
hard,  nee Helen Gould,  who has
been a generous contributor to the Pennsylvania Radical
National Civic Federation, an organization that also shoots at thc
Bolsheviks, though propaganda Instead of bullets. Colonel Martynoff shot his bullets In the Denekln
counter-revolution in South Russia, that he hoped would restore
him to hts estates In the Crimea.
He tells the, New York Times that
he is still hoping.
(By Federated Press.)
TV7ASHINGTON. — -Italy, under
" the absolute dictatorship of
Mussolini, is granted a cancellation of 75 per cent .of her war
debt to the American treasury,
figured at the same rate of interest which the treasury is paying
the buyers of the Liberty bonds.
In contrast stand settlements
with Britain and other countreis.
Britain was forgiven only 24 per
cent, of her debt and interest;
Belgium 58 per cent. When the
French asked that 54 per cent,
of their obligations be forgiven
them, the Americans refused.
Mussolini, ruling by terror and
assassination, wins a triumph. The
administration says that the generous terms represent all that
Italy can pay.
Sen. Shipstead, Farmer-Labor,
made this comment: "We know,
for we were told by President
Wilson and the sellers of the Liberty bonds, that these loans were
to make the world safe for democracy. Well, where is the democracy?"
Estimates of the Morgan loan
which ls to be made to bolster
tip fascism in Italy range from
iibO.OOO.OofTo $200,000,000. The
rate of Interest which the bankers will get, while they get it—
will be, including commissions,
about 10 per cent. Meanwhile the
American treasury, paying 4 1-4
per cent, to the holders of its
Liberty bonds for the money
loaned to Italy* swill get from Italy
the promise of a fraction of 1
per cent.
This Is the sort of finance that
Senator Borah and the western
farmer senators have challenged.
They contrast it with the rigid
demand for repayment of government loans which has cost the
farmers $20,000,000,000 in the de-
fiatation process of the past five
years.
On Trial For Sedition
Highlights oa This
Week's News
Fred Merrick, indicted under the
Pennsylvania sedition act in 1923,
for participation in publishing circulars advertising a May-Day celebration of the Workers Party in
Pittsburgh, will go to trial in the
Allengheny County Superior Court
at Pittsburgh on November 30th.
The case has been postponed by
the prosecution for over two years.
No reason for the delay is given.
Nine, other persons Indicted with
Merrick will presumably be tried
later,' '.The defense elected to have
separate'.felals.
. Merrick iias long been active in
the labor.ffin^ radical movement of
CANADIAN
Broad Trust* in Montreal...,;,    1
Oarnien Fight B. & 0. Plan    1.. Western :&'«nsylvanla>,   where   he
1T**__.__.   ttr ,.___    _,,* .. _ "-•'?■_*.        . . . _
served a teispvip the workhouse for
WILMINGTON, Conn.—(FP)—
Two thirds of; 'a\l induatrlal accidents are preveptaJble,;Andrew. F.
MoBride, commissioner of labor of
Neiw Jersey, ' told the' Delaware
Safety Council. .
Women Workers Fleeced  5
AMERICAN
Morgsin Aids  Mussolini ...*.,...  .—• 1
Purcell  Stirs New York.  2
American Bankers Loot     8
BRITISH
took Calls  lot Cnlty.„ .'..'.  7
Strike-Smashing Preparations  7
British   "Beds"  Deported  7
a speech rcia,,*ii .tq the Westinghouse
Company strikers in 191.7, and another jail term previously for publishing advice to workers to violate
an anti-free-speech ordinance.
WILLIMANTIC,   Conn.— (FP)-
The strike of American Thread Co.
FOREIGN __________h _______■■■
Oerman Communist, on Trial     1   employees against the 10 per cent.
Send in your subscription today.
Bombay  Textile   8trlke    2
Fresseh Children  Denied WMritau.'  «
wage   cut   enters   its   38th   week.
Mark than 2.0AA are affecte'1
Politcals In Jail
German Communist Trial
(By Len De Caux, Federated
Press.)
BERLIN.—A monster political
trial began November 16 in Lelpslc of the former executive of
the German Communist Party.
More than 100 witnesses are to be
called, 400 books and documents
are to be used as evidence, and
it is estimated the trial will last
three months. This trial follows
that of 16 Berlin Communists accused of treason In November,
1923. This in Its turn followed
the trial of Maslow, kept 16
months in jail without a trial and
then sentenced to four years' imprisonment.
According to a rough estimate,
Germany leads European countries in the number of its political prisoners, having 7,000 more
than are imprisoned in Italy or
Poland, which come next with
6,000 each. The great majority
are Communists and other radical workers, most of tho fascist
clement having benefited by Hln-
denburg's amnesty. This loudly
proclaimed amnesty of political
prisoners proved a very one-sided
affair, as only those arrested before October 1, 1923, have been
(Continued oa page 2) Page Two
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, November 27, 1925
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
PurcellExgectsUaity Bombay Textile Strike CLASSIFIED ADS,
Building Workers To
Centralize Efforts
Professor Hill-Tout
To Lecture in Royal
Professor
speaker   at
Centralization is the order of the
day. On every hand employers of
labor are combining, and consolidating their forees for the purpose
of more effectively carrying on
their business, and more successfully breaking any attempt the.
workers   may   make   to   increase
their wages. Apparently this fact Lecture commences
has carried its message to .the Van- Doors open at 7:30.
couver Building Trades Council
delegates. Arrangements are being made by that body for more
thoroughly knitting together the
workers employed in tho building
trades. Plans for putting a building trades business agent in the
field are being considered, and thus
centralizing their efforts. This will
enable the smaller unions, who are
unable to afford a business agent
of their own, to have their interests better looked after.
At last meeting of the Building
Trades Council It was reported that
while work was slack in the woodworking factories, yet the manufacturers were importing doors
from Taeoma, made by union labor
These doors have the endorsation
of the building trades workers in
(By ART SHIELDS, Federated (By S. SAKLATVALA, M. P.)
press) TI7HAT is behind the great strug-
EW YORK—Two farewell mass ** g\e m Bombay; how does It af-
meetings to Alfred A. Purcell, feet the workers ln Britain?
chalniian of the International Fed-     *a„) capital^ prt»s has been al-
eratlon of Trade  Unions, packed most silent On the subject so I shall
N
Hill-Tout  will  be  the _,     _ __,   __
the   Canadian   Labor \wo b!s thea.?e.aud_tori,M!!,fl!°"re endeavor to explain.
Party's   Open   Forum   on   Sunday *P"1*™"' "f? t£! a*? "I™      »• «T of the Indian mill ow*
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metrof
politan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paoif|j
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
BICYCLES
night next. The subject of the
lecture will be "Evolution versus
Revolution."
The meeting will be held In the
Royal Theatre, Hastings Street E.
at   8   p.   m.
At tho meeting held on Sunday
night last, Professor Keenlyside
gave an outline on Labor and politics in the United States, which
was followed by a lively period of
questions and discussions.
tl -SS.'S! iZ^^™*! mm of loss of 'l-ta («flr to- HfS» t'ffiPStJS £S
applauded him again and again as       dMdendB) „ ^ mam    m
he urged his message of one big the,r nott6n 'of ^ ^ J^
JUstreet W. Tht best makes of bieyelfj
on easy  terms.
International  union  movement* of
the workers of the world, and they
voted unanimously for the sending
of an American trade union delegation to Russia^ as the preliminary step towards bringing the 6,-
000,000 Russian unionists into the
"all-inclusive
Purcell  sess  as  necessary  to
safety of the working class.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 281S Main B_
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
C\FE
C.L.P. Meeting On
Monday Night Next
to retain, somehow, the fabulous
profits of the -boom years that followed the armistice. Otherwise,
there is no much loss of business
for them.
The Indian mills used to produce
InternAtiOhal"   thit °»'yn* 'O^illten' yards of cloth in  Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlnga St. Bl
the w n '  —
million   yards,   and   Lancashire's
market in India has shrunk from
Timothy Healey, president of the 2m million yards to 1,800 million
_tif/\nai<ir      t%*nA      mAxIna      HMD"! ■_-________-> a* -.
yards.   .   .
Usual Oompetittion Stunt
The Indian mill owners complain
bitterly about the bad (sic) condi-
statdonary and marine .engineers'
international union * introduced
Purcell at his first meeting and
said he wanted the world to know
that there were labor men in Am
chiropractor
Dr.   d.   a.   McMillan,   palmer
Graduate.     Open   dally   snd   ever
ings.    Dawson  Blk.,  eor.
Main.    Phone Sey. 6964.
fastings
night next.
By special request, Mr. Hirst will   not  so  firmly set.
where, when doors are being made
in   the  Unted   tates,   under   union
conditions, and imported into British  Columbian  which  Ls itself one
bf  the  greatest  lumber  exporting
places in the world.
It was arranged  for the  Board
of Business Agents to request the
co-operation   of   the   Secretary   of
the Trades and Labor Council, and
to  take  the  matter  up  with  the
B. C. Products Association.
The Iron Workers reported making good progress in organizing the "*
"rod men" engaged on construction Green  Heals BrC&CIl
jobs.
The Sheet Metal Workers reported that work was falling off to
some extent in their trade*, but that
they were still recruiting some, new
members.
The regular monthly meeting of erica who werO not afraid to fight Mons of Japanese workers which
the Greater Vancouver Central for international wooing class'un- ownpete* "n*"*1* ^&lnat them- ev"
Councll of the Canadian Labor lty. Louis Hyman, manager of the e,n *ho"gh ^e' total of Japanese.
Party will be held in the Holden New York Joint Board of the In- 0,°th' »»portea Into India, so far
Building, on Monday night, next, ternatlonal Ladies Gartneht Union °"lyTr.T J per/ent' of what
at 8 p. m. Delegates are request- gave an ardent talk for world -sol- tne Indten m",s Pr°duoe-
ed to take note, and endeavor to idarity of the toilers} P. Pascal However, the Indian mill own-
be present. Important business will Cosgrove, organizer of the Shoe ers refuse to pause and think how
be transacted at the meoting. Workers' Protective Union, report- their bad labor conditions hit Italy,
  ed  that  what  h(j M iit  Rusfeia Saxony, and Lancashire.
The Indian mill owners have re-
_      _ .         __,   , from a labor standpoint.    Alfred sorted to brutal methods.
On Friday Night Bolton of the New York stereo-      Textile wages in Bomtoay work
 • typers and other unionists added out at about One penny per hour,
The regular meeting of the North their voices for the programme,        Th«s«i are to be reduced by 11 per
Burnaby Branch of the FedeJ-ated Purcell said  on  the Berehgeria c6n*'
Labor Party will be held on Friday happy in the thought that the ice      0Ur  Wend,  Comrade  Joshi,   of
N-tNAIMO-WELUNOTOJ.
COAL
LESLIE   OOAL  OO'T   Lti
Phone Sey. 7137
Dr.   W.
Bldg.
DENTIST
Curry,   801
Domlnloi
DRUGS
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Coi
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48
tings St. E.  '
the Old Country.
It is very apparent that there is    F.L.P.   Regular  Meeting    three  yeara  ag0   was  very  eood
'a nigger in the woodpile" same-
_ _.  _._... _  GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLIH0J
WESTERN   GLASS   CO.   LTD.,   1"
Cordovt St. W., few doort west
Woodward's.   Sey.' 8887,. Wholesale an
oTTmerican Labor" taoiatlon"Was the ^Alm Trade Union Congress, retail window gltaa^
His manager,  Point* his finger to the  fabulous HOSPITAL
deliver a  lecture  on  the  "Duties Thurber Lewis tells of enthusiastic dividends eafned, not very long ago -|3i;TTER be  SAFE THAN SORET-
meetings in Boston, Toronto, M6n- by ittduStrWists and  investors  in BGrandvlew  Hoepital-Medlcal   anrg
treal,  Pittsburgh,   Cleveland,  Chi- ™**> &■>& "e rightly demands that gal   maternity.    1090  Vletorl.  DrW<
cago,   Detroit,   St.'   Louis,   Kansas tftey "cannot treat their industry as  . :	
City, Baltimore and Smaller cities private property during prosperity LADIES WEAR
and   Purcel   himself   rfeports   ths and  claim  public help when  bad Famous  Cloak   &   Suit  Co.,    8
of Labor Candidates in Municipal
Elections".
After the business of the Party,
and the lecture are concluded a
social evening will follow.
Between N.Y. Unions
Furuseth Fights To
NEW YORK—The breach between the Bookkeepers, Stenographers and Accountants Union and
Local 22 of the International Ladies Garment Union that for a
while  took  the form  of a strike
warmest response, from the Mtaxi- da-ys come.'1
can labor movement which routed One Penny ain Hour
him through the cities in the re- The Bombay cotton Wages are,
public to the south of ub. Bad as thfly are, comparatively
In Montreal James Simpson, vice higher than in th*e Calcutta jute
president of the Canadian. Trades trade. Yet in Bombay women earn
and Labor Congress declared his about one penny per hour,
desire to go with the trade union Who can'be surprised that prac-
delegation that hiev believes will tioaliy all the mil workers in Bom-
investigate Russian afairs for Am- bay refused to accept a reduction
erican unions, said Lewis, and in in thedr. wages?    Poor folks with
Retain Sea Charter al?ainst the clerical department of American cltles-the local trade un- wages lOd. a day, and women 7d.
  the garment  offices  was Waippily lon conferences that sponsored the a day of ten hours, cannot afford
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy,,  Qranvllle St. J
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   CordoV
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and HasJ
ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordon
Street.	
MUSIC
me   B_Lr_ii-.ni,   unices    was   naippuy   svss uuiij.cicu.joo  tnat _.*. unauicu  mc a.  uo.y   vs.   vou  uuuio,   vhuuiui  tuiuiii   TTTOLTNS   ADJUSTED     VOICED*
healed   at  a   conference   directed Purcell meetings are going, on with to put up a strike fund, and a strike   y  p,^ ty expert.' Will Edmo
(by * ederated i ress)              by -w*mlam Greeili president, Am- the agitation here.   Tlna money left for  them  means   literally   facing 965 Robson St.    Sey. 8084.
WASHINGTON—Andrew   Furu-  erican Federation of Labor.   Green  over from the $110 givn at the two starvation, unless sympathetic In-  ~
seth,  author of the seamen's act advised the union to admit again  New  York  meetings  will  be  the dians and the workers of Europe
and president of the Intl. Seamen's to full union privileges Anna Ber-  neuclus for the treasury such a trip and America assist them.
Union of America, has drafted a man and Irving Fraulkin, the two will need, Craven Cowards
minority report on behalf of the  office workers the bookkeepers un-      "if  a   delegation   to   Russia  is Although    they    are     fighting
mL°crhant0UmPar ne £__££££   '°", ™ iff* ,", T""  2f UP °f ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ SS* £*£. *Z
moned  L th« TT   sI   rhnmJr^^   M« °"            t6ChniCa' ^^^        M*B °f workshoPs Bn* ** t"™' ■«.   the well-known  trade  union
cTmerce dfsclolg tht the busi    JTd^ ^ ^"Z^  "^ °f trade nnte,Mtt ^ ** >^*'   ^   "»»  MiU   WOrkWS
^ta^eT^ pfoSng the „u     *« \00™e*™° ™,on  co" d  "ot  the teU the British trade union 8houJ<1 hot ^ept a» unjustifiable
r_^oTShe^ln"aaSinS   -       ,.               T^*'    " l8  & ™*<^ion "Ported." said Purcell. out *Jn their wages without a Strug-
llfica lon of the seamen s act tn all  struggling   organization   that   an-  "The   six   million   Russian   union gle»
^Furuseth win "lead a fight in the  """.? aPP6a,S t0 th° fe?eration for  men are as °<»-a «>* a union move- In the* word8 of ^r. j. ft. clynes,
Duruseth will lead a light in the  assistance and the problem of or-  ment as the British or the Ameri
conference against all proposals of  g^nMng  the   offlce. workers  gm
erally is a different matter,
advice was followed.
subsidy, as well as against all
schemes for weakening the existing maritime laws. Pres. Green of
the American Federation of Labor
is supporting his attitude. When
defeated by the ship owners and
other business men in the conference, the labor group will take the
right to congress.
"They would be 'craven cowards'
not to resist."
The real way out of the situation
is to try and levellze wages between India and Lancashire. The
increased* demand of a well-paid
population of 300  millions would
Politicals in Jail
(Continued from Page 1)
released, and then only those Imprisoned for carefully selected of-
'fences. The result ls that the reactionary Kapp putsch participants are released, while the
greater part of the working class
prisoners are left in jail.
Trials following the October revolt in Hamburg have greatly Increased the number of working
class political prisoners. Five
hundred workers sentenced altogether to 1,000 years' imprisonment is the estimate to date of
the outcome of these Hamburg
trials.
can, and their miners, for instance,
His  have   won   better   conditions   for
themselves than the miners in any
The strike followed the refusal  other part of the world.   No world
of  the   local   union   to   discharge  programme  for  the  workers  can
these two clerical workers barred  be a success without the co-opera-
by the bookkeepers. At the tfcne tion of this great Russian move- imimediateV help Indla'and L^n-
of this trouble the local garment  ment." caahh.e.   It would aiao help ,„ the
body was functioning independent- Purcell's argument for Russian g^t world struggle of the workers
ly of the International garmtent Inclusion into an all-embracing in- in overthrowing the international
body bnt  since then it has come ternational   Is   a   workaday   and  parasites from their back.   Let us
practical one. Imeperlallsm is gtij* up here and play our part. Let
grinding down the workers of As- an European and all American
iaand Africa at a few-pejice^dity workers follow this example.
and is using their products tb beat	
down our own conditions. Unless NEW YORK—-(FP)— Hlllcrest,
we brin»th«n tip We"-#i_i.go down. n. J. silk strikers are holding the
says the chairman of the I. T. F. U.  mt and raising money on the out-
OPTICIAN
Pitman  Optical House,  615 Has
Ings West. :
PAINT AND 3-PLY PANELS ]
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastii.
Btreet East.	
RANGES  AND  STOVES
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Haa
ings Street East,	
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carra
Street.	
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 969 Robson Street]
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISER
Phone Sey. 107S
748 Richards Straet, Vancourer, B.OJ
back and a peace pact ratified.
A Newspaper School
iTnntlniip-l   from   nape   11
NONE  BUT WHITE  HEI
EMPLOYED
Say you saw it advertised in the
"Advocate".
tional   machinery   of   Trans-Cau-
casla as is a school. Each day it The world tobor movement must side. O^ne of the" purchasers of the
alms to put ideas before its road- meet the challenge .Wherever strike badges they were selling at
ers. While it deals principally imperialism sets its foot, whether tho door of the purcell meet-
wlth Trans-Caucasia and the Near in India China, -Japan or Siara, m**^ in NeiW fork Was Purcell hlm-
East, the most distant parts of there must our organisers unite the sft)f aHa he told them to keep the
the world appear In its cdlumns.  victims to  raise  their standards, chango oht of the dollar he handed
Dagvodse, a Georgian, Is more World trade union unity, for a-cti-Sn them,
teacher than business man or ed- against Imperialism* and- foar* the
Itor, as they have been developed mutual proteetlon-and'-bettermeflt
in the United States. In his early of the work-ere* It will take the
thirties, quiet,; direct, very milch united power of the- world's' work-
in earnest, he gives an impres- ers: the Job ia-too big. for* just part
sion of a man In a classroom with of tho movement aJohei
30.000  pupils  preparing and  pre
COAL\|
AND        H
\WOOD/
D-On't. to-get!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
in your fealrof the-red; internatloo-
And as to the outcry against the al you do not fall Into the arms
sentlng some new lesson every reds that is halting the unity'move- of the black capitalist internfltigp-
day, f ment, Purcell wftrna; "Beware that &$'
NONE   BUT  WHITE  HEI
EMPLOYED mmmsusm
.- Friday, Novemher 27, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three
- POLITICS - -
Australian Labor To        Escaped Youth Leader
Resist Deportation     Tells of White Terror
SYDNEY,   Australia.-—On   Sep-
amber   9   representatives   of   all
Re    labor    councils    throughout
lustralia   held   a   conference   at
Sydney   to    decide   what    action
phould be taken by the organized
irorkers ln the event of the antl-
Dor federal government deporting any of the trade union leaders because  of their helping the
British    strikers    in    their   fight
Against the ship-owners.
After  a  week's  conference   behind closed doors, the conference
pn  behalf   of  all  the   unions  of
Australia  issued  a  manifesto  accepting   the   deportation   legislation as a direct challenge to the
abor and industrial movement of
Australia, and recommending that
|in the event of the attempted deportation    of    any    unionist    no
Iworker should in any way assist
In giving effect to such deportation    order.   The   sea   transport
vorkers were called upon to give
.loyal assistance  in this direction.
Regarding the British seamen's
■strike   in   Australia,   the   conference reported: "We recognize that
|the fight against the British shipping combine by the British sea-
Imen is of prime importance, and
twe therefore call upon all unions
Tto give the fullest moral and financial support, and, if necessary,
to levy their members to finance
the atruggle.
"We recommend that all unions
be called upon to pay a levy of
[one and a quarter per cent, a
veek of the earnings of the workors, the system of collecting or
ionating the levy to be left to
the unions. This not to apply
to workers earning 110 a week
br less."
Students in Panama
Fight Imperialism
„' WASHINGTON.—In the midst
of the news of the slow and temporary   retirement   of   American
military forces from Panama
that the Panama students have
taken the first step toward an
[International Latin-American student's . federation to fight Amer-
f.an imperialism. According to
Information made public in this
Jountry by the All-Americafli Anti-Imperialist League, the students' congress called by the Panama   Students'    Federation   will
neet in the city of Panama, June
122, 1920. Students' organizations
■throughout Latin-America and ln
[the Philippine Islands have beep
[invited to send delegates.
_   Pass this copy to your shopmate
land get him to subscribe.
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-•INDUSTRY--
Polish Landlords Busy     Building Trades Bosses
Ravishing Newspapers Rap Shorter Work Week
MOSCOW. — After hia escape
from the persecutions of the Zan-
kov police, Comrade Rossin, secretary of the central committee of
the Young Communist League of
Bulgaria, has arrived ifli Moscow.
On the queatipn, of tfce WfrUe terror, he said the following:
"The first period of the most
bloody terror which humanity has
known has not yet ended. Zau-
kov prepares a jiew campaign,
and we know that our arrested
comrades are threatened* by death
without trial. Zankov said in parliament that the terror must root
out the Communist movement
completely. Zankov will continue
to .maintain the atmosphere of
murder , because the situation of
the working class and the peasantry is terrible. The wages are
ridiculously small, the prices terribly high, and almost in all.the
workers' family the persecutions
had robbed, them of. one of their
bread earners."
EAST INDIES
Seven well-known Communists
have beep arrested by the Dutch
police bureau in Sumatra. These
arrests caused great indignation
and huge masses of native toilers
demonstrated their protest. by .attempting to free the prisoners. In
tlie port of Semarangs in the Isle
of Java all meetings of any kind
have been ■ prohibited and a series
of arrests have taken place. The
editor of the newspaper, "Api," and
the well-known propagandist, Al-
imln, have both been arrested.
CZECHO SLOVAKIA
In a special bulletin on the
Czechoslovak trade unions, issued
by the State Statistical Office, it
Is stated that in 1924 the Czechoslovak uniolis reached a total of
467, ..with 1, 113,425 members in
unions of Czech and Slovak organizations, 345,420 members in the
Oerman unions, and 210,611 in the
communistc trlade, unions,— a total membership of 1,669,456,
WARSAW.—During the month
of September as many as 29 suppressions of different White-Russian, Ukrainian and other papers
were ordered by court decisions.
Besides confiscations, a number of
arrests were effected and trials
of editors conducted. Thus, the
editor of the White-Russian Dilo,
D. Palico, was arrested. The editors of Tribune Rabotnicha and
of other monthlies, Newbauer, In-
ovolski and Novakovski, were
sentenced to two and four years
of hard labor.
The oldest White-Russian paper,
Krinltza, which had existed for
about twenty years and withstood
aH the blows of the czarist aflid
German - occupationist censorship,
was confiscated. The editor is
charged on ten counts.
The paper of the Independent
Peasant Party, Valka Orechi, was
suppressed, as well as the Warsaw, Weekly Predvestnie.
Mexico and Russia To
Discuss World Unity
MO&COW.-rThe executive committee of the Red International of
Labor Unions, after receiving a
report from the representatives to,
the Mexican Trade Union Federation and the workers attache to
the Mexican embassy, in Moscow,
adopted a resolution in which it
welcomes the establishment of direct contact between the Red International of Labor Unions and
the Mexican Trade Union Federation "Crom" . (Confederation Regional Obrera Mexicana), and accepting the invitations made
through Martinet to se^d a delegation of the Red International
of Lahor Union to the coming
Mexican Trade Union Congreaa.
The executive committee decided
to inform the Mexican Trades
Uuion Congress ta written form
of the point of view of the Red
International upon the establishment of international trade union
unity. |   ,
Mussolini Releases
Fascisti Criminals
ROME.—The recent splurge in
the American and European press
about the release of 15,000 prisoners from Italian jails, which
was heralded by many of the
"liberals" as a change of heart of
the fascist dictator, Mussolini, and
an end to the fascist reprisals on
the workers, is given the lie by
facts and figures gathered by the
Italian section of the International Red Aid.
Of the 16,000 amnestied prisoners, only 1,606 were workers who
had been put to prison under
some pretext becauae of their opposition to the fascist dictatorship. All the others amnestied
were fascist thieves, incendiaries
and murderers that had been given light sentences. Very few of
the amnestied workers reached
their homes, as fascist bands laid
in wait for them, rearrested them,
and now many have to stand trial
again.
RUSSIA
As compared with; last. year, the
number of schools functioning in
Moscow has been increased from
319 to 390, and the number of students from 152,970 to 18.0,680. During the present year 210 kinder-
gardents with 5,720 children will
be functioning and also 277 children's homes for 23,450 children.
56,266 students are learning trades
in technical institutions.
POLAND
The population * of the Polish
town Vladimir Volinski has been
flung into, great j.excitement by the
news that the political prisoner
Waldermar Kralz has been poisoned in the prison hospital where he
lay soriously ill. The doctors report states that a jug of milk containing a strong dose of strychnine
was given to the prisoner.
MA^Y
Premier Mussolini's bill for the
punishment of antl-fasoist Italians
living abroad was approved by his
cabinet. It is understood that the
bill would cancel the citizenship of
such Italians and provide for confiscation of their property in Italy.
R.I.L.U. Sends Message
To Shanghai Strikers
MOSCOW.-—The Executive Bureau of the Red International Labor Unions has sent the following
• telegram to the Shanghai Trade
Union Council:
"The Executive Committee of
the Red International Labor Union welcomes the recommencement of the activity of the Shanghai Trado Union Council. Its
struggle against world imperialism is one of the most heroic
Pages i|U the history of the international proletariat. The Chinese
proletariat is faced with a long
and difficult struggle against foreign imperialism and against the
national counter-revolution. "We
are, however, convinced that the
final victory will be won by the
working class of your country.
The greetings of the revolutionary workers of all countries to the
heroic  proletariat of  Shanghai!"
CHICAGO.—At a one-day conference which the National Association of Building Trades Employers held here, the building
trades employers from many of
the largest cities in the United
States met and discussed ways
and means of resisting attempts
of building trades workers to obtain an increase in wages.
At this gathering of employers,
many of whom are bitter open-
shoppers, a resolution was adopted ifi which lt condemned the 40-
hour week of five days and declared it would oppose all attempts on the part of the union
workers to shorten the work-week.
The conference also adopted a
resolution in wliich it urged .that
the contractors do all in their
power to interest more of the
American youth in taking up the *
building trades, and laid plans by-
means of which they intend to
create a surplus of skilled workers and in that manner smash the
unions.
Most of the resolutions introduced to this convention of building trades employers were introduced by the open shop section
of the employers in Chicago.
DENMARK
In creased unemployment is being noted in Denmark, with the tobacco trade, earth and cement industries, masons, builders, and textile workers suffering the greatest
unemployment hardships.
SOUTH AFRICA
The wage and economic commission, which has recently been
formed, has started talcing evidence
at Pretoria and will continue to do
so at various Industrial centers in
the Union.
CHILE
The nitrate industry has been experiencing considerable difficulty
of late in obtaining a sufficient labor supply to maintain capacity
production.
Norwegian Delegation
Lauds Soviet Progress
MOSCOW.—On the basis of
their experiences up to the present in Soviet Russia, the Norwegian workers' 'delegates have
unanimously adopted a declaration in which they point out with
satisfaction that they have had
absolute freedom in the choice of
districts, factories, etc., to be visited, and a comradely support
from the Soviet trade unions in
their studies. The allegation that
the delegation has no freedom of
movement in Soviet Russia is stigmatized as a direct lie. Those
members of the delegation who
visited Russia in earlier times declare that tremendous economic
and cultural progress has been
made in the Soviet Union. The
declaration stresses in particular
the great political activity and the
intensity devoted by the Russian
working class to cultural activities.
Large Scale Farming
For Russia Proposed
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Action, rather
than parliamentarism and talk is
necessary to make the world over
for labor, says Capt. Paxton Hibben, reserve army officer. In Russia's experiment lies the, hope of
workers of the, world, Hibben told
the League for Mutual Aid upon
his latest return from Russia where
he first served in 1905 for the U.
S. diplomatic corps.
Russia's salvation is in industrialization of agriculture, salys
Hibben. Large scale, machine agriculture will knit together individualist farmers and will make
their organizations more like unions of city industrial workers. Hibben is connected with Russian Reconstruction Farms, an American
organization which sends tractors
and agricultural machinery to a
model demonstration farm 'near
Rostov-on-Don where thousands of
young Russians are trained. Hibben sa'id United States recognition
of Russia would help Russian farmers get tractors and harvesters faster by credits like those given western American farmers.
Children's relief has been part of
Hlbben's work in Russia ever since
the revolution. He has a commltte thero striving to do something
With the half million wild little orphans who elude control and v'.il
not stay In institutions provided by
the government.
..___
\d.\
The greater portion of the misery of this world arises from the
false opinions of meg) whose idleness has physically incapacitated
them   from .forming true  ones.—
JUGO SLAVIA
The Russian Woodworkers' Union has decided, to send 500 roubles
to the striking woodworkers in
Jugoslavia.   ■*.••*•■
Send in your subscription today.
The highest point in civilization
can only be reached when the
industrial class, on which the existonce of society depends, shall
have attained to. the principal position in the commonwealth,—St.
Simon.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
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"BAT IS WITH raowiia"
■ PHILADELPHIA-^F P)—The
anthracite miners are ready now as
they have been since the beginning
to negotiate a new .-contract* with
the operators.in a spirit of.give
and take, President John L* Lewis
announced;    ,
BOSTON-*—(F P)—Hundreds * of
Massachusetts manufacturers are
violating the 48-hour law, Edward
F. McGrady, legislative agent ot
the American Federation of Labor,
told the Boston Central Labor Union.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY MATURED—ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For salo at nil Government Liquor Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
Loard or by tho Oovernment of British Columbia Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, November 27, 1925
OPEN FORUM
fedlkriol Tpo^
QUESTION BOX
Address  All  Letters   ajnd
Remittances to the Editor
•SI?? (Eanaitfan Kabor A&twrafr
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2182
12 A TEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
IllillHllll.I.MINIMI.mtn
;; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
Degeneracy and the Working Class     Dollars Evaporate
PROSPERITY ls on the threshold
* - of Camda's door, according to
Sir Henry Thornton. At lenst Unit
Is what the daily press alleges I1U11
to be proclaiming over hi Europe.
The cause of it, says SU' Henry, is
a higher .standard of living since
the war, and Canada must produce
tho extra wheat. Where tliis higher standard exists the eminent
gentleman failed to mention, probably he forgot. .Certainly it does
not obtain in Europe, nnd one
would scarcely credit it with existing among tlie five cent per day
child slaves of the Orient. However, it must be some other plnce,
and besides it Is Sir Henry's business to speed up Immigration, and
tales of that kind havo n wonderfully good effect, 'especially when
one is mot particular how one
handles the truth.
* *   *
■'THREE TITLED LADIES who
had to leave Russia hi a hurry lutein 1917 forgot to take all tlieir proporty away with thein. Since leaving their native laud they have acquired such a dislike to lt that they
have no desire to go back, and arc
suing the Soviet government, In the
American courts i'or tlie sum of
twenty million dollars. Doubtless
the court will decide In tlieir favor,
but unfortunately it will bc an American court, and the bailiff is liable
to have some job to collect it. The
three dames arc now working as
counter jumpers hi New York, doing something useful for the first
time in tlieir lives.
* » *
AylAYOR TAYLOR states that lis
"■*■ intends investigating tlie cause
of tha Capilano forest flre last sum-
mer. Tlie City has to "cough up"
the money for extinguishing i'. and
tho Mayor figures on finding out
who wis responsible for starting it.
That problem should he fairly easy.
Tho first animals that should he
quizzed arc the logging donkeys belonging to the Capilano Timber
Co. After they have told all they
know it should not be necessary to
go much further. It is to be hoped
that Mr. Taylor makes a good "job
of Uie investigating while he Is at
it. There aie quite a number of
other fires Hint could bear an examination.
* *    »
A NOTHER SIGN thut better days
are hi store for us is the <ni_\vs
that John Oliver intends reducing
the income tax. On incomes over
$20,000 the reduction will be ten
per cent. This should be glad tidings for the men John employed
lust summer fighting forest fires
for twenty-flve cents an hour. The
thirty cents nn hour saw mill laborers are taiiotb-ar group that will benefit from John's generosity. In
fact ull those who work for wages
should thank John i'or tliis Christ-
nmslxjx. Unfortunately that "statesman" forgot to abolish the pilfering poll tax.
•";■•",*
jk/rORONS should bo forbidden to
•*•"■*■ marry, is the opinion of the
Vancouver Child Welfare Association. That's all very well, but it
seems somewhat unfair for everybody to attack the Ku Klux Klan
at the same time.
PROVIDENCE, R. I.—(FP)—Aggressive picketing forced the big
B. B. & R. Knight Co.—cotton manufacturers—to cease trying to op-*
erate the Royal Mills at River
Point, where weavers are striking
against the speed-up system thlat
substitutes 32 looms for 16 per
man.
DEGENERACY is becoming a much-discussed subject. It
is the topic for front-page news stories in the daily press,
and forms the theme for social reformers, pseudo-scientists,
polemic writers, and now has even found its way into the
sacred precincts of the B.C. Legislature.
Almost all those who deal with the subject are convinced
that the vaunted mental superiority of the white race is on
the decline, and that unless drastic steps are taken immediately next generation will be a rabble of half-wits. Various
explanations, ranging all the way from over-indulgence in
jazz to injudicious selection of immigrants, are given as the
cause of this alleged intellectual decline.
. A few days ago an American doctor informed a meeting
of teachers that: "The college men and women are proof of
the decline of civilization. Three college women are married
before one child is produced. A scrubwoman has six children
to a college woman's one. . . .One thousand Harvard graduate* .are required to produce fifty children. As many unskilled laborers produce 5,000 children. . . . The right people
are not the ones who are contributing to the increased birth
rate." In other words, civilization is declining because laborers produce more children than college graduates. Such, in
substance, is the doctor's argument.
Civilization covers the period in history since society was^
divided into classes, the one class ruling and exploiting the
other. The period ante-dating class society is known as
barbarism, and previous to that savagery. Civilization, then,
in essence is class society.
By a clever jugglery of facts these knights of the pen,
who substitute bald statements for logical induction,* are
intent upon proving that intelligence is~ waning because laborers—i.e., workers—are mentally deficient, and their numerous offspring are reducing the intellectual level. This is the
view expressed by Lothrop Stoddard in his book on the decline of civilization, published some two years ago. Stoddard
gives figures showing the rate of reproduction in the various
social groups, and by a clever piece of manipulation lumps
the feeble and the casual laborer into one group, and on this
specious premise builds his theory. This is also the view expressed by the doctor referred to above, when he says "the
right kind of people are not the ones who are contributing to
the increased birth rate."
No effort is made by these spokesmen of capitalism to
show the rate of degeneracy among workers as opposed to
that among our rulers, and it is well for their arguments
that they do not try. Where in the annals of crime can be
found any act committed by a worker that can compare in
moral depravity with that of the sex perverts Leopold and
Loeb (both sons of millionaires); the recent brutal murder
of a young woman by that sadist, the grand dragon of the
Ku Klux Klan, and adviser-in-chief to Governor Jackson of
Indiana, D. C. Stephenson; or the career of that debauched
moron millionaire, Harry K. Thaw? If these specimens of
the "right people" be examples of modern civilization's intellectual attainments, the sooner it is obliterated the better.
If these pernicious doctorines amounted to nothing more
than second-rate investigators retailing third-rate ideas, it
would be a matter of small moment; but the consequences
are destructive. The daily press ergerly seizes upon these
opinions, jumbles them up with apparently innocent news
items, and sends the mixture forth to be read by members
of the working class, who are unskilled at separating subtle
interpolation from fact.
In this manner a feeling of mental inferiority is built up.
The faith of the workers in themselves as a class to become
the dominant force in society is shattered, and the ruling
class is juggled into a position where they become looked
upon as the embodiment of wisdom.
It is a safe bet that a greater percentage of moral and
mental degenerates can be found among the idle rich, "the
right people," than can be found among the toiling poor.
Our rulers secured their present position by unscrupulous
thievery, and in spending their excess time and wealth many
of them become degenerate perverts of the vilest type. In
spite of their college education, it is they, the "right people,"
who. are the degenerates, and we fling their vile, lying propaganda back in the teeth of the perverts who conceived it.
(By LELAND OLDS, Federated
Press.)
OTOP, look, and listen! Whether
planning to Invest ln a little
Florida land, in a share of industrial stock, or just trying to prepare
for days when jobs will be scarce,
watch your step.
There ls little doubt that good
business will prevail during the
early months of 1926, but genuine
reason for doubt about business
after that. So says Vice-President
L. P. Ayres of the Cleveland
Trust Oo. in its mid-month bulletin. Ayres ls a very good business observer.
He says cautiously: "Sometime
in the future building muat slow
down. When that happens real
estate booms will calm down also.
If the automobile manufacturers
really built next year all the cars
they are now planning to build,
that industry will surely over-
supply its market. Some time the
possibility of expanding' retail
sales of all sorts of goods by selling on easy partial payments will
reach and pass the limits of ita
usefulness. The time will come
when even the Florida boom will
be checked."
Ayres thinks these developments
may overlap and intermingle toward the latter part of 1826. He
points out as elements of weakness in the present situation: (1)
the fact that millions of people
of slight financial means have
mortgaged their future. Incomes
for present satisfactions; (2) the
fact that the newer finance companies have been organized by
salesmen and promoters who can
be expected to get by only so
long as competition is easy and
credit cheap, and (3) the fact
that the operations of these companies have been made possibla
by bank credits on terms whicb
will be made more rigorous when"
ever interest rates advance.
Ayres believes that the real
break in the stock market will be
postponed until after January 1
by the desire of people to keep
their stock market profits out of
this year's tax returns. When
they rush to realize the paper
profits of the boom by selling
their securities, the results are
likely to be spectacular.
Signs that Ayres* forebodings
are not far ahead of events multiply. First the Boston federal-
reserve banks raises- Its Intereat
rate. A sharp break in the stock
market follows. Cleveland federal
reserve raises its rate. There ia
a probability that New York will
follow in three weeka. The flrat
cut ln automobile production la
announced by the Willya-Overland
Company.   Watch your atep!
Anthracite Strike
Worries Politician
i
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON— Administration
officials are vatching anxiously, ate
winter draws nearer, for signs of al
break in the anthracite strike sol
that the Coolidge administration j
will not be blamed at next year's!
election for the suffering which!
faces all eastern -cities this winter. 1
Newspapers ln the capital have]
special correspondents now in Phil-J
fields, sending dally accounts of the]
mounting prioes of anthracite, the]
stubborn attitude of the striker's
officials,  and   the  cheerful  indifference of the operators.   At the]
same time they are reporting thej
opening  of   bituminous  mines  in]
Maryland and other near-by fields,l
after a long shutdown due to lack J
of market.
Coke normally sells ln Washlng-1
ton at $10 to $12 a ton. It is now]
selling above $17, and dealers pre-l
diet that it will go to $36 if the!
strike lasts until spring. The coal!
from which it is made is not more j
than $1 a ton higher than when]
the anthracite walkout took plaice.
UNION DIRECTORY
Virgin Islands Libel
Case Being Appealed
The appeal of Rothschild Francis
of the Virgin Islands from his conviction for criminal libel and eon-
tempt of court will be -heard before
the U. S. Court of Appeals at Philadelphia early in January. Francis
was convicted by a local judge who
was his political enemy, and who
tried the case without a jury.
It is expected that the decision
in the case will largely determine
the rights of natives in relation
to the Unllted States naval administration of the islands, against
which a constant agitation has
been conducted by native leaders.
Francis is a member of the Colonial Council, editor of the "Emancipator" and president of the lo-
A. F. of L. union at St. Thomas.
ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES OOUNOIL]
—Meat! ucond Mondty in the montk. 1
Preildent, J. B. White; mom tary, B. H.J
Neeltndi.    P. Q. Box 66.	
FEDERATED LABOB PABTT—BoemJ
Ul, 819 Pondor St. Weit Buiineitl
mooting! ltt tnd 8rd Wodntidty im-I
Into. B. H. Noolindt, Chairman; 1. H.J
Morriion, Sto.-Treta.; Angui MtelnnlsJ
8614 Frinoo Edward Stroot, Vtneouvor,_|
B.O., Oorroiponding Seoretary.
Any dlitrlot In Brltlih Columbia de-l
ilring information ra ooonrlnt apoakaro]
or tha formation of looal branohoa, kind/
ly communicate with Provlnolal Seero-I
tary J. Lylo Tolford, 6-4 Biika Bldf., J
VanoouTor, B.O. Tolophono Seymour!
1188, or Btyvlow 6880.	
BAKEBT   SALESMEN,   LOOAL   (71-
Maata oaeond Thunday OTory monthi
in Holdon Bulldlnf. Proiidont, J. Bright*/
woll;   finanoial  loorotary,  H.  A.   Bow
ron, 781 13th Ato. Bail.	
CIVIC   EMPLOYEES'   DNION,   LOOA
28—Meete firat and third frldaya 1a
the  month  at  145  Haitian  W.,  at •<_.
p.m.     Preildent,   B.   K.   Brown,   8627J
Oharlea  St.;  aecretary-treaaurer,  Oeorgor
Harriion,  1182 Parker St.
ENGINEERS —THE    INTEBNATIONAL |
UNION OF STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 182—Moeta erery Wedneidiy
at 8 p.m., Boom 808, Holdon Building'
Proiidont, Chariot Prloo; buiineu agoai
and finanoial toorettry, P. L. Hunt; rtj
cording toorotary, J. T, Venn.	
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PBOTEOTIVi
UNION, Local 148, A. F. tt M.—1
Mooti in G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour tn* I
Ptndtr Streetl, ttoond Sunday at MJ
a.m. Proiidont, E. O. Miller, 991 Bt!-]
ton itreet; tecrettry, E. A Jtmloioa,!
001 Nelion itroot; flnanelal leereUry, j
W. E, Wllllami, 881 Nelaon ttraet; or-J
Htnlior, P. Pletohor. 881 Nelion etreet. 1
THE   FED EBATED   BEAF__MM'{
UNION    OF    CANADA—Hoidqutrtenl
tt Roomi f, 8 and 7, Fltok Baildiif,]
188 Htitingt Street W., Vantonvor, B.C.]
Tel. Sey. 8688. Preildent, Bohort Them;!
Vleo-Proildent, David Gilloople; Btt'y-1
Treaiurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Victoria J
Branch, Boom 11, Groen Blook, BrtadJ
Stnet, Vlctorit, B.O. Phont 1861.
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION,   No.   Ill—|
Proiidont, B. P. Pettlplece; vlee-prei-
Ident, O. F. CtmpbeU; iiorattry-toeta.I
urer, B. H. Ntoltndl, P.O. Btz 66.1
Meeti lut Sundty of etch moath at 11
p.m. In Holdon Building, 16 Halting! 1.1
PBINOE    BUPEBT    TYPOGRAPHICAL!
UNION, No. 418—Preaident, S. D.J
Htedont'.d; eeerettry-trotiuror, J, M.I
Otmpu.il, P.O. Box 688. Meete last,
Thuridty of etch montk.
THE   CANADIAN
ffiafror Afcuorat*
With Which I> Incorporated
THE  BBITISH COLUMBIA FBDBBA-
MOOTS*
PUBLISHED EVERY FBIDAY
By the Labor PnblUhlng Oo.
Builneia and Editorial Offloa
1129 Howe St.
*        * * *    .*■ * ,.m.,
The Canadian Labor Advocate it a non-.
factional weekly newipaper, giving newt1
of tbo termer-labor movement in tetion.
Subscription   Bttet:   United   Statei   and ,
foreign,   $2.50 per  year;  Ctntdt,  83
per year, $1 for lix monthi; to unioni
subscribing In a body,  16c per member per month.
Member Tht Federated Preu aad tha
Brltlih Labor Preu
Patronize our advertisers. if, November 27, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Five
I-   WOMAN'S DEPARTMENT    •
icifying CanadianWomen WtttZS_\_-_*
VA—The   brutal   exploita-
Ih of women workers ln Can-
Ireveaied in the annual re-
ithe Ontario Minimum Wjage
Iwhlch after an existence of
ara claims to have raised
i wages from extremely low
jThat these "low levels" are
City starvation levels ls evi-
' by the following cost of
fbudget.
Food and Clothing
I'd and  lodging,  at  $7  pier
($364.40.
jilng—Footwear and repairs
jfc), $5, $4, $4; bedroom slip-
II; rubbers, $1; repairs, .12;
17.   Stockings, 8 pairs, 16.40;
'ear, $8.50; niight gowns, 14;
ats and bloomers, $5; corsets
|),  14.50;  corset  covers,   $3;
( 2 years), $1.25; hats (2)
(suits   (half  cost  to  wear  2
$11; or skirt (1 year), $5,
tht coat (2 years), $12; wint-
[t (half cost to wear 2 years)
pnter dresses,   $10;  summer
2 or 3, $12; shirtwaists, 3,
sweater (2 yeaTs), $2; ap-
$2.50;    handkerchiefs,    $2;
$4; scarfs, $1.75, and um-
to last 2 years. $1.25; Total
Poverty's Luxuries
fndry, $39; doctor, dentist, op-
$20;  carfare,  $39;  reading
]_*, $6; postage and stationery,
creation and amusement, $23
and charity, $10; incident-
ncludlng brush,  comb,  soap,
paste, talcum  powder,  nail
tioe polish, hand lotion, pins
bs, thread, whisk, shoe laces,
120.   Total expenses for sun-
$162.    Total   expenses  for
$650.40.
tic Wage $13.50 Per Week
jthe basis of 52 weeks ln the
this works out at $12.50 per
board being $7, clothing
land sundries $3.11.
highest minimum wage fix-
lithe board is $16.82 for wo-
nployed in the boot, shoe
lather trades in cities of ov-
]j,000, working 47.4 hours a
For women In retail stores
fonto the minimum is $1661,
I week of 49%  hours.    For
laundry workers in Tlrintl thie minimum is $13.41; for needle trades
in Toronto it is $15.13.
One Plants—Another Reaps
$124 per year for clothing for a
woman of the working class, and
then take a look at the regalia
which bedecks pampered useless
dames of the idle rich, many of
whom neither possess the brains
nor ability to prepare a meal for
themselves. $7 per week for board
and room for the women of that
class who build all the houses and
produce all the food—the rest for
those who neither toil nor spin.
Soul But Not Body
In passing It may be noted that
a woman of the working class requires $10 annually to save her
soul, and but twenty dollars to
keep her body in health, her teeth
in condition, and her eyesight in
that order which enables her to
continue working. She "gets" the
the munificent sum* of $23 per year
to waste in riotous living and debauchery. How she could possibly
"sin" $10 worth in a year is a
mystery. However, care is taken
to see that she gets to work
promptly and eivery -morning so
she ls generously allowed $39.00 for
car -fare.
Culture
Culture, and a knowledge of
what is going on in the world she
requires not, hence she receives but
$6.00 per year for reading matter,
less than the cost of a yearly subscription to the sewer pipe prtess
of our masters, but then if she acquired aesthetic tastes she might
become "red". Needless to say no
allowance is made for "marcel
waves" In this wasteful and extravagant budget..
It ls conditions such as these
that drive women of the working
class Into prostitution, and give the
painted morons of the idle rich an
opportunity to show their purity of
morals by launching societies for
the rescuing of "fallen women".
Such is capitalism; and such are
the conditions which the male
members of the working class permit their women kind "to live
under.
Education
PARIS.—The system of primary
education ln France, once among
the beist in Europe, has now fallen
upon evil times. Successive Budgets since the war have cut down
expenditure upon education, beginning, of course, at the bottom, until thie £18,000,000 now allotted has
become an irreducible minimum.
This figure, indeed, is so inadequate—even for the school population of France, which is about
one-half that of Gre*at Britain—
that in order to keep the primary
school system within the financial
•bounds rigidly, set by the Ministry
of France, many schools in country'
districts have been closed, and
many others-are run with dlmin-
lsed staffs.
The teaching profession in
France is now, and has been for
some years, so miserably underpaid, that it attracts no fresh blood.
A teacher In a lyceei, or secondary
school, with the title and diplomas
of professor, is paid less than a
bus conductor. A University professor is paid hardly better.
And how the unfortunate teachers in primary schools, with large
classes, housed ln dirty, ill-ventilated, and often underheated schoolrooms, manage to exist on their
meagre pittance, in view of the increasing cost of living, is a miracle.
The only reason for their remaining in so ill-remunerated a profession is, of course, the expectation
of a pension, the promise of semi-
security and genteel half-starvation in their old agei—this, and the
social status whioh accompanies
the position of teachei-, a status of
which, however, the value diminishes yearly,
jrman Workers Sweat Blood
(By LEN DE CAUX, Federated Preaa.)
IN.—Who an paying the
arations    in    Bawes-rnled
ny? With worker standards
appalling level,  and  still
If,  with tbe  8-hour day  a
[of the past, and the cost
ng and unemployment in-
with the coming ot win-
figures show that In the
'•year (April to October)
|urden has heen placed on
Drkers to the tone of hun-
of   millions   marks   more
[vas anticipated.
enue   showa   a   surplus   of
llllion marks over the pre-
I estimate,  which will  prob-
jtean an increase in the next
■tlons  payment,   every  cent
Jch haa been ground out of
ery and sweated wages of
lirman workers,
figures   speak   for   them-
fctober        Bevenue    ' Estimate
16 Mtrkt
i tax 1,193,680,000 850,000,000
which wages gave 749,660,000.)
hlon tax    93,769,000 150,000,000
r   tax....    83,724,000 250,000,000
tax      14,841,000    18,000,000
lettil tax  799,800,000 750,000,000
general, while the taxes on
and consumption show an
ous Increase, taxation whioh
lilarly affects the capitalists
as marked a decrease. The
1st   direct   burden   oji   the
jui workera is the income
vhich might be called a
tax, as only wagea of leas
16 a week are exempt. Wag-
thls are subject to a 10 per
tax,  so   that  tha  average
' German wage of about $10 a
week is reduced by 60 cents for
Income tax, not to mention other
compulsory deductions for insurance, etc.
Compared With America
The miserable subsistence level
of the Oerman workers finds statistical corroboration ip figures
published by the International
Labor office. These show that
Oerman real wages are one-third
of American real wages (the
comparative, figures are: U.S.A.
183, England 100, Qermany 64).
The 8-hour day is only a memory
in most industries. Food prices
have gone up 10 per cent, in October without corresponding rlue
iu washes. Unemployment is showing a huge increase. Being ruled
by American finance-capital doesn't exactly mean a merry Christmas for Oerman labor.
Official unemployment figures
are 298,000, an increase of 100,-
000 ln the last two months. This
represents only the registered unemployed i,n receipt of full relief
The official journal of the miners'
union estimates that the full
number of unemployed ls 760,000.
Oerman white-collar workers
are hit with their manual fellow-
workers. Wages are on about tho
same level and unemployment is
severe.
Needle trade Workers
Demand Amalgamation
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—The 40-hour week
■become!, the slogan of the International Fur Workers Union with
the adjournment of its convention
in Boston and employers will also
be called upon to do all their hiring through the union.
First step toward amalgamation
of the quarter million needle trades
workers now divided into five unions were taken when the convention ordered the incoming general
executive board to send out a call
for a conference of representatives
of the other organizations for the
purpose of hammering out mergers
plans. This would mean comlbin-
ing the ladies garment workers,
amalgamated garment workers,
cloth, hat, cap and millinery workers and the United Garment Workers with the fur workers. Earlier
steps toward unity brought the
Needle Trades Alliance, which preserved the, structure of the constituent organizations intact and finally broke down after functioning
little. Speakers insisted that sentiment today is much stronger and
that the need was for an Industrial
union not a loose federation.
Another resolution that passed
urged the A. F. of L. to take first
steps towards a general industrial
union movement by calling conferences of representatives of the
craft union groups within given industries. Suoh a resolution was
defeated at the Atlantic City convention of the A. F. of L.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw it in the
Advocate.
■THE PUBLICATION OF
- THIS PAPER IS MADE
POSSIBLE BT THE FIRMS
WHIOH ADVERTISE IN IT.
WHEN MAKING PURCHASES PATRONIZE THEM
AND   TELL   THEM   WHY.
LINEMEN
TVTO MATTER what Pliers
-1-' you have been in thc
habit of using, you should
realize that the new
VACUUM-GRIP
FLIER
Is   Absolutely   Supreme   In
Quality and Lower in Price
MAKE US PROVE IT
Phone—Call=<jr Write, and
We WIU Prove It
W.R.C.Howat$on
Phone Sey.  1423
326   ROGERS  BUILDING
470 GRANVILLE STREET
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
136 LONSDALE AVENUE
NORTH VANCOUVEB     Pbone 1181
AUTOMOBILES
Wa Htve Some Oood Bays In
GUARANTEED   USED   OABS   tfC
Cash   Payments   At   Low  As  ?6v
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phona Say. 7105       1888 Granville St.
Say. 486 82 Hastings St. B.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Sey. 6789 414 Haatingt St W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABBISIBB8,  SOLICITORS, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
887 Htfttngt St. W., Vaneonvtr, B.0.
Telephones: Seymour 6886 tal 6667
Emergencies
\Y7HEN a crisis com6s and
someone at a distance
must be reached ' quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove lta worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WlU  Out  Tour  BheumaUsm,  Lum-
btgo, Neuritis or Bat Oold
MASSAGE  A  SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Htittnfi St. W. Phont Sty. 2070
RUPTURE
Spedaliit in Trusses for Men, Women,
Ohildren and Infante
O. E. HEARD
Phont Sty. 1810
989 Robson Street, Vaneonvtr, B.O.
23  Tetra   Established   in   Vtneonver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICII: 301 DOMINION BUILDING.
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gaa were the aola
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operations.
About ten years tgo NOVOCAIN was Introduced, and It it ttfe to Ity
that this  is one  of  the greatest  boons  to  humanity  yet  discovered,  tnd
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure.    It is a great thing to say truthfully:
These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can bo done thoroughly, time it laved,
tnd the cost is less than before,
GLASSES
5
COMPLETE
AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SERVIOE BLDO.
ROBSON at GRANVILLE
Entrance 680 Robson St,
Phono Sey. 8055
Special for This Week
Men's nifty Overcoats, in brown
lovett; 3-piece belt, storm collar;
regular $20.00 coats for
$15.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST
AGENT FOR HEADLIGHT OVERALLS Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, November 27,l|
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarera
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
ANOTHER meeting of the Federated Seafarers* Union of
Canada was held at the headquarters " on Tuesday, November
24, which was well attended, and
many new faces were seen at the
meeting, A keen Interest in the
business of - the organization was
shown.
The meeting decided to appoint
a committee to further improve
the standing of the membership
at sea and ashore and to make
the best efforts possible to improve the conditions of seafarers
sailing from British Columbia
ports.
Brother Terry stated that when
he left one of the barges of the
Coastwise Steamship — Barge
Company a,t Anyox recently he
was deprived of his fare down
to Vancouver from that port. The
manager at Anyox (Mr. Cameron)
had acted, according to Brother
Terry's story, ijn a very indiscreet
manner, using very abusive language towards him and towards
the organization. The result of
the report was that, on the motion of Brother Lander and Brother Bates, the matter will be taken
up with the Coastwise company,
as their dealings with the union
has always been on a par with
the best of the shipping companies. The other men who were
on the ship with Brother Terry
and who were paid off owing to
the barge being tied up, had their
transportation paid to Vancouver,
The matter cost Brother Terry
$16.25.
Another member reported that
as he had been looking for work
and approached the employment
agent of the C.G.M.M., this worthy
Individual (Mr. Alec. Harvey)
acted in a very uncivil manner.
A motion was put to the meeting
to take the matter up with the
heads of the C.G.M.M. In discussing the motion, some of the
members stated that it would be
more profitable to boycott the
C.G.M.M. ships until the individual complained of altered his
ways and spoke civil to seamen
who had the misfortune to have
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGO and
BOB KRAUSE
UU 84th Batt and 7_nd Batt.
Send in your subscription today,
to apply for work through that
"gink." The secretary stated that
it was no use trying to boycott
the vessels in the winter time,
as so many men were here from
the prairies and elsewhere who
would ignore the boycott, and that
it was usual for under-dogs to
act in the winter time as Mr.
Harvey was reported to have done
in this case. In any ©vent, the
matter will be taken up with the
C.G.M.M. Ltd.
Another motion passed to examine ' the record of a member
who is reported to have acted
against the interests of the union
in one of the recent disputes with
the shipping companies, and the
report is to be presented at the
next meeting
The printing committee expect
to have the selection of the membership books with the quotations
on 500 and 1,000 from the union
printers. It is expected that the
union will have a better book
thap ever was in use before.
Brother D. Gillespie is to be
asked to take the nomination for
president of the organization, Bro.
Lawson was nominated for vice-
president, and no other nominations have come in so far for the
other official positions of the organization other tha*n the nominations of Wm. Morgan and thc
secretary, W. H. Donaldson.
Several members spoke under
the good and welfare of the organization, and stated that the
union should make efforts to
draw up a scale of proposals of
amalgamation to present to the
National Sailors' & Firemen's
Union of Canada. Another member stated that they (the N. S.
& F. U. of Canada) were sadly
in the minority, and that as the
secretary was acting in the interest of himself instead of the organization, it was almost useless
to approach them with a view to
amalgamation. The matter was
referred to the next meeting,
when some action is expected.
Bro. Bill Cartwright had quite a
lot to say regarding the proposals
that had been made by the same
organization some time ago.
The next meeting will be held
on Tuesday, December 1st, 1926,
at 8 p.m., at the headquarters,
163 Hastings street west.
The S.S. Canadian Planter arrived in port the other day, and
something very unusual happened
aboard that vessel. The entire
crew stated that the conditions,
as far as food was concerend,
and the treatment of the men at
various ports on the past voyage
by the officers of the ship, was
very good. The captain of the
S.S. Canadian Planter is Captain
Dixon, and the chief engineer Mr.
Dunn. A few more men like the
two mentioned would do a lot of
good if they were used to replace
those   filling   the   same   positions
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
The Hail Order Druggists"
Wa Hake a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by Flrat Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.0.
Revamp Education
(fiy SCOTT NEARING)
(By Federated Press)
l/"HARKOV, Russia—Standards of
education are advancing rapidly in the Ukrainian Workers' Republic. Five years ago the country was over-run by Yudenieh,
Denekln, Wrangel and the counter-
revolutionists. Then came the
famine of 1921-22.
In 1922-23 education in the Ukraine was at Its lowest point, Student enrollment in. the elementary
schools had been 1,800,000 in 1914
and 2,000,000 in 1921. In 1923 it
stood at 1,300,000.
That year the tide turned. Civil
waa- ended. The harvests improved
Industry revived. The enrollment
for 1924 was 1,500,000; for 1925
1,750,000. Th* enrollment this fall
(1925-26) will exceed 2,100,000
topping the highest point of 1921
by 5 per cent.
A similar story is told in the
growth of educational appropriations. In this year, 1925-1926 fifty
per cent, of all Ukrainian expenditures are being devoted to education. The total budget for 1925-
26 is almost exactly five times the
budget for 1922-23.
Teachers are sharing largely in
this improvement. Their hours of
work are less; their housing is improved; their food is far better. As
for their wages, the Ukrainian village teacher who received 8 rubles
a month (ruble, 50 cents) in addition to house, fuel and food in
1922-23, 18 rubles in 1923-24 and
25 in 1924-25, in the 1925-26 budget is receiving 30 rubles a month.
This is still a small amount, but it
is nearly four times four years ago.
The Whole Ukrainian educational system has been re-organized the
past four years. The Dalton plan,
the project method and anumber of
other experimental ideas that have
been tried out here and there in
& her countries are being tried also
in the Ukrainian republic on a yast
scale. The schools are being reconstructed physically and educationally. All children now work -in
groups. A child incapable of group
work is looked upon as abnormal
and treated. The normal child is
the child who knows how to associate with his fellows.
Economic revival has laid the
foundation for a new educational
system that marks great advance
steps for the whole educational
world.
aboard the other ships of the
C.G.M.M. Ltd.
The S.S'. Canadian Trooper had
a very different story to tell.
Some of them are in the hospitals
as a result of not being well-
enough fed and overworked.
On reading the columns of The
Sunday Province, a week ago last
Sunday, it was interesting to read
the report of one of the "Varsity
Gang," a Mr. W. Murphy, who
it is reported is a son of Judge
Murphy, Supreme Court judge. He
peeded funds to pay his expenses
at the Varsity, That is the reason
why he went on one of the C. G.
M.M, vessels, He winds up his
experience on the ship by stating
that the first thing that he did
when he got paid off was to hire
a taxi, rush home ahd get a
square meal for the first time in
three months We hope that Mr.
Murphy realizes that the Federated Seafarers' Union has been
trying to improve the lot of the
seamen, and that the next time
he goes on such a trip he acts
according to the principles of organized labor and does his bit to
improve the lot of practical seamen as well as making his expenses at the university.
Where does the pull come from
to do a practical seaman or fireman, out of a job?
Mall list at headquarters; T.
Boland, A. Cox, D. Carlin, Damper Clellford, Mr. George, J. Hobson (discharge), C, Henderson,
Thos. Hanpah, R. Horn, N. Jones,
J. Kissock, W. F. Love, N. Mcintosh, D. Matthews, J. McDonald,
W. sborne, J. Starr, A. Smith, W.
Notes From the Camp*
MYRTLE POINT, B.C.
This company operates two
camps,, one on Haslam Lake and
the other one ls situated about
nine miles from the booming
grounds at Myrtle Point. The
working conditions are fairly good
at Camp 2, and extremely bad at
number 4, on Haslam Lake.
The Haslam Lake Camp, being
constructed of cedar shakes, are
old buildings. When one of .the
shakes falls off or is blown off,
no (attempt is made to repair the
break, consequently water pours
into the bunkhouses, saturating
the beds, etc.
It strikes one who is compelled
by circumstances to exist in these
quarters that the term "bunkhouse" is a very appropriate name
to apply to these old ramshackle
"dwellings"—it is the "bunk."
There is no dry-room worthy of
the name, and indifference to the
welfare or convenience of tha
men seems to be a deliberate policy here.
Strange as it may be, a large
percentage of the men seem to
enjoy it, like they do Liberal or
Conservative governments. A
smaller percentage whine like an
abused cur, but do not possess
the initiative, either as Individuals
or collectively, to take the firat
steps to defend themselves. This
description, so far as the workers are concerned, applies to the
great majority of the men in logging camps on the Pacific*, coast
today.
The company has a scheme to
encourage the workers to "save"
(with their consent) by deducting
Governor Issues Anti-
Trade Union Manifesto
the sum of $20, pr any m]
thereof, from the worker's
ly pay cheque, interest bein
at 6 per cent.   One of the
of this scheme is to ellmina
large   turnover   ln   men,   sti
the working force, and viola
Semi-Monthly  Pay  Act,  wl|
consent of that class of
whom Barnum referred to ,
ing  born at the rate of Oiti
minute.    His    estimate    a-j
very   conservative,   judgedSJ
the environs of a logging ca
The "chuck" at number
real good, but the meals ar]
ten; but since "chuck" seen
satisfy most of them, they
getting that. A great lms
ment might be made her1
chuckling the cook in the "<
Falling and bucking ls dl!
the piecework basis, and m<j
the pieceworkers are working
low the wage  scale  paid b|
day.
There are Ubraries(?)  in(
a number  of  the  camps,
are    furnished    by    the    C]
Coast Mission.   The books a_
tiquated, and the subject
if anything, more so, It is
anti-labor,  produced  by ChrJ
bourgeois   "writers"   of  driv
the 100 per cent, opium-jesu,
riety.
L. MONTAL, No. 25,
Workhouse Point, J
Pass this copy to your shot
and get him to subscribe.
(By Federated Press)
BOSTON—Essaying the role of
Calvin Coolidge, who fought the
policemen's strike of Boston, the
present governor, Alvin T. Fuller,
comes out with a denunciation of
the Commonwealth Service Association, the new organization of Bay
State employees that is .enrolling
many members.
Here is the G. O. P. governor's
anti-union declaration:
"No person who would, through
joint action, attempt to compel the
State to increase his or he,r salary
need expect any special consideration of a favorable nature from
mo. I welcome the opportunity of
saying this before some young people find themselves belonging to
an organization that is in the control of some radicals whose action
may get the membership into
trouble."
..Fuller's anti-labor record goes
back to wartime when, as an executive of the Packard Car Company
he ibroke a strikje among their
Massachusetts employees. Earlier
this year, when the Boston Elevated system employees voted for a
strike he issued what amounted to
a threat of strike-breaking. But
the issue never came to a head for
tho stiff front of the mien forced
the company trustees to agree to
arbitrate,
Thean, B. Tovey, W. Worrall, J.
Worrell, S. Warenn.
Members are asked to subscribe
to The Labor Advocate, as it is
the medium of exposing conditions
aboard vessels sailing from Canadian  ports.
Hospital Notes: Brother T. Gault
and Taffy Evans have been discharged from the General and
St. Paul's hospitals, respectively,
as fit and well. Brother'J. Soou-
lar is still at St. Paul's, along
with Brother W. Hensby. Brother
Gilmartin is improving at the
General. Members are requested
to pay a visit to hospital and
see the brother members of the
organization. The secretary pays
a visit as often as possible, and
when it is necessary, at the request of membera who are in hospitals.
Who   Ia   BILL   HUNGEKFOH
Ask Any  Labor Msn.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SETMOUB STBEBT 1
Housekeeping   and   TransIeJ
Central—Termi Moderate!
Under  New  Management I
"BUI" Hungerford and M. 0|
bridge, Props.
BRUCE':
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splend
values. Begular pri^
$22.50 to $42.50, nov
$15 to $37.1
C. D. BRUI
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings]
.    VANOOUVBB, B.O.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Bo<
HAND-MADE BOOTS]
for
LOSGER8,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Qalok Berries for Bepaln]
Ail Work Guaranteed
Iftoial Attention to Mail Ora]
H. Harvei
litabllsked In Vaneonver la U|
il  OORDOVA STREET ay, November 27, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
sh Bosses Start
jrting "Red Agents"
DON—Variously described
bltallst newspapers as "Red
{"notorious Russian agents,"
like, nine persons are on
Ithe S. S. Soviet, lying in the
_ a   Canal   Dock,   Stepney,
deportation to Russia.
| matter of fact, these people
miners of Russian extrac-
frho have been domiciled in
for many years and their
. One of them, Mr. Joseph
who was born in 1877,
Lin this country ln 1895, and
rice worked in the Lanark-
llts. He has a wife and their
iildren were all born in Scot-
1 The whole family is now to
ported,
f other man, Mr: Edward Getz,
fas bprn in 1871, came to this
ly in 1912, and has been here
Ilnce.
urally, the children are, as
pharlie Kllnas, aged 13, put
potsmen, not Russians," and
know any language except
hglish that is spoken on the
#lfo Okmtttrg Hate Jferoa
Preparing To Smash
Strikes in Britain
Unity the Need of the Hour
(By A. J. COOK, Secretary Miners' Federation of Great Britain.)
TV7HEN   I   declared   two   weeks upon Labor has become more open
" ago that the government at- and fiorce.
tack on the Reds was only the The Need for Unity
beginning of an  nil-round offen-      Tn<- prosecution of the Comimun-
sive upon the whole Lahor move- ists>  the threats  upon  the  Labor
ment,  many  Right  Wing  leaders Party and tne Trade Unions, are
only smiled.
Let me repeat what I said. The
capitalist class launch their attacks upon Labor in a cunning
manner. They always try and
single out some militant section
of   the  movement   that   is   being
all pa_-t of one common attack.
Thiese must 'be met by a common
organized front of the whole working class movement.
I welcome the open and avowed
hostility of the employing class.
The  workers are   never  deceived
jmer and Sickle
(On Women's Clothes
INDON—An    audacious    plot
fust been unearthed m Oxford
in the heart of Mayfair, the
ghold of London society,
voman purchased from a well-
shop   in   Oxford   Street   a
fed "motif,  and when she got
i she was horrified to find that
jsaid   motif  was  emblazonied
kthe hammer and sickle, the
of Bolshevism,    It was,  in
, sinister motive.
was that all, in one corner
em-broldered in beads a large
Clearly this stood for Lenin,
^ound the design was a wiggly
Vhlch surprisingly looks like a
of "Z's"; therefore Zinovieff
in the plot,
firm in question has taken
lie   action,   and   ordered   the
> stock to be destroyed in spite
le fact that the  demand  for
foods was great and a repeat
had been given.
be
lon Bookbinders
Strike For Pay Raise
kNDON—One thousand two
red members of the National
of Printing and Paper
s have ceased work over the
ill of their employers to dis-
: application for an increase
^ges of 17s. 6d. per week.
a result of a seven  weeks'
Pte In 1922, these workers suf-
a reduction of 19s. 6d. per
> agreement covering this rein was terminated on Septem-
_1 by the union giving three
l's notice.
\e union subsequently put for-
new proposals on behalf of
London members, in which
| embodied the application for
flncrease.
I a recent meeting the employ-
efused to discuss these propos-
.and   the   negotiations  broke
criticized by the moderates. They when the capitalists and their gov-
joln in this criticism and then ernlment embark upon a policy of
proceed to lead an open attack persecution and sti-aiightforward
upon the militants. This is done attack. It is then they rally to us
in order to separate and isolate and Sive us their help by joining
that section from the movement the unions and enrolling within our
as a preliminary to destroying it.     political organization.
The capitalists and their gov- By their open opposition to us
ernment then return to the attack the employers expose their policy
by selecting another group which and demonstrate the correctness of
they desire to stamp out. They th0i--e who, like myself, desire to
always adopt similar tactics, and organize a united front of the
these have become so mechanical whole working class movement,
that any alert leader can tell Unity! That is our only reply to
what they are going to do after their onslaughts and prosecutions,
the first move has been made. Unity  in  every  field   of working
Their   method   of  attack  is  to   class activity.   Unity in our fight
begin    with    the    militant    Left   to  assist the men now in Court.
Wing,   pass   on  to   the   Centrists,   And un'ty by casting our votes for
and   finally   to   tackle  the   Right   Labor candidates.
Wing.
The American Example
Take, for example, the attitude
of the America^ government towards British labor leaders. A
few weeks ago an attack was
made upon Saklatvala. Within a
few days of that affair our courageous friend, PurceU, was threatened with deportation—for showing the need *f or international
trade union unity—and then a
moderate leader like Arthur Hen-
. derson comes under the 'ban.
In the Saklatvala case, not one
of the moderate Labor leaders
raised a voice in protest. It is
this silence on the part of the
Right Wing—during an assault
upon   the   Reds—that   encourages
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
British Bosses Strive
To Stir Up Dissension
LONDON,—The real reason
why the government and the
rr.iiue owners desired a coal commission was revealed at the enquiry this week.
It is nothing more or less than
an elaborate attempt to destroy
the splendid unity displayed by
the Trade Unions last July when
they forced the government to retreat.
The governmental departments
have been used to supply wage
tables in order to show Increases
of wages si*pce 1914. These tables
are so arranged that the railway-
men and dockers head the list.
The method of trying to oppose
the dockers and railroad men to
the miners was challenged by
Herbert Smith.
He informed the commission
that If the wages of other industries were going to be criticized
at the enquiry he would Insist
upon the Trade Union representatives of these industries being
summoned to .defend their members.
This means that while the government and the mine owners are
trying to split the ranks of Labor,
the miners' leaders are . equally
determined to show that they intend not only to defend their own
members, but also the interests
of the whole working class.
Rally the Workers
T ONDON—The   following   manifesto has heen Issued hy the
National Minority Movement:
"Tiie attack that has heen made
hy the government on tlie leaders
of the Communist Paity of Great
Britain is of tremendous importance to the whole working-class
movement.
The policy of the government Is
not only one of attacking Commun-
the "capitalists to develop their at-   tets- b,ut ls a Preliminary to an attack upon the whole movemont,
tempt to smash up the whole of the
Left Wing forces within the Labor
Movement and in particular it is
designed to cripple the organization
of the National Minority Movement
with a view to making It impossible
Two weeks ago I said that the
arrest of the Communists was the
prelude to an open offensive upon
the trade unions and the Labor
Party.   Is there any sane member
of the movement-wlth the facts for us t0 work a,anS our Present
before him—dare deny that state- successful lines,
ment? Eace the Facts
Citrine's Statement Let us not blind ourselves to the
The  ginger group  in  the  tory real  facts  of the  situation.  It  is
party  are  demanding drastic  ac- common knowledge that the gov-
tion against the trade unions' po- ernment  do  not intend  to  allow
lltlcal  levy,   whicch  is  the  back- quietly  a  repetition  of what  oc-
bone of the Labor Party. curred on July 81. By their official
Already the prime minister has- association with  the  O.  M.  S„  a
been challenged upon this by one strike-breaking   organization,   de-
of the leaders of the tory party, signed exclusively for extra consti-
Mr.  Macqulster,  who  insists  that tutlonal action in order to break
the resolution passed at Brighton the resistance of the workers, they
be enforced. havo shown unmistakably that they
The  demands  of  Mr.  Macquis- are preparing for the struggle next
ten  have  already been  taken  up May.
by my friend  Citrine—the  acting The economic situation gets more
secretary   of   the   Trades   Upton desperate every day.   Do what they
Congress—who    states    definitely w111* the capitalists cannot provide
going through the greatest testing
time of its history.
Through our trade union branches, district and national comittees,
and trades councils resolutions of
protest against the present prosecutions must be passed and forwarded to the Home Secretary, the
press, the General Council of the
Trade Union Congress, and the x-
eoutive Committee of the Labor
Party-.
We call upon all workers to rally
behind the National Minority
Movement, and, by redoubling their
efforts, build up such a Movement
that wil soon be able to unite the
whole forces of the Movement together on a working-class programme and policy."
LONDON—All trade unionists
are questioning anxiously the role
which will be played by various
middle olass and upper class organizations in the event of a strike.
There are many of these organizations, and it Is difficult to discover how far they will go In
strike-breaking activities, and how
far any off them have government
support.
An article in the November
Monthly Circular" of the Labor Research Department (now reprinted
as a Labor White Paper under
the title "Strike-breaking* Organizations") provides Information on
this point which should be in the
hands of every trade unionist
The pamphlet recalls the railway
and coal strikes of 1919-21, and reminds us that:
"When the strike had actually
begun, the government issued instructions that out-of-work donation was not to be payable to anyone who refused to do transport
work; and on October 4, 1919, the
government asked local authorities
to for 'Citizen Guards' to co-operate
in the maintenance of order.
"Since that time the government
has been steadily devolplng ita own
direct strike-breaking organization— this is proved by such
reoent instances as the circular to
the Navy; the grant of £40 in respect of cars registered for strikebreaking purposes; the formation
of the Army Supplementary Reserve (Transportation Branch);
and the proposed substitution of
civilian trade unionists 'by the military in government repair depots."
It then goes on to deal with the
various strike-breaking organizations, of which there are six main
ones, namely, O.M.S. National Citizens' Union, British Empire Union,
British Fascists, National Guiai-d,
and Army Supplementary Reserve.
The record of these bodies are
set forth, together with their promoters, form of organization, and
the extent to which they have received official blessing.
Everything is set forth coldly and
grimly. Its revelations will came
as a shock.
British T. U. Congress
Aids Indian Strikers
pn't forget!   Mention the Ad-
i when buying.
CITV OF VANCOUVEB
that it ls—
"simply part of a wider attack
upon  the  whole   Trade   Union
Movement,"
Citrine    shows,    very    clearly.
any solution for all the present
evils. The loss of the monopoly of
the world markets compels the
capitalists of this country to maintain a continual offensive against
LONDON—The Trades Union
Congress has shown that It believs
in international solidarity. A sum
of over £100 has been cabled to
Bombay where 150,000 workers are
on strike.
Tho strikers are resisting a cut
of 16 per cent, in their wages
which range from 10s. to 12s. per
week.
The action of the Trades Union
Congress together with that of the
Russian Textile Union—which sent
the Indian strikers £1,000—shows
that a new era has commenced In
the world struggle between capital
and Labor.
Electrical Workers
Demand Pay Increase
LONDON—Five Unions, some of
whose members are engaged in the
Electrical Supply Industry, are concerned in a demand for an increase
of 10s. a week.
As the employers have refused
to meet the men's representatives,
it has been decided by the Unions
to inform the Minister of Labor of
their attitude. The result of the
ballot of London members shows
a majority in favor of strike action
in the event of there being no settlement.
The Unions involved in the dispute are the Electrical Trades Union, Amalgamated Engineering Union, Workers' Union, National Union of Enginemen, Firemen, Mechanics, and Electrical Workers,
nnd the National Union of General .
and Municipal Workers.
Patronize our advertisers.
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
•fOTICE TO ELECTORS
KE NOTICE that a mooting of per-
Ens  qualified  to  vott  at  the   Mull Elections for the City of Van-
Ir will be- held, st the City Hsll,
louver, B.C., on Wednesdny, Decern-
E, 1925, st 11 o'clock in the fore-
1 tor the purpose of Nomination of
■{dates  for Mayor,   School Trustees
■Park Commissioners, and for noml-
|n of candidates for office of Alder-
1 for eaoh Ward of the Olty, on the
i day and at the same place, st th*
cf 12 o'clock noon, for th*' ensu-
.year.
(ominations for Mayor, Sohool Tru*.
> and Park Comalsiioneri most be
ftt or before- 12 o'clock noon on
day, and nominations for Aldermen
ir before 1 o'olock In the afternoon
bald day.
P WM. McQUEEN,
City Clerk,
lancouver, B.C., November 14, 1925,
that   It   is   not   only   the   Labor  the present standards of the work-
Party that is involved.    The at-  inS c'ass.
tack upon the political levy is
bound up with an attempt to
smash the trade unions' right to
peaceful picketing. Further, one
of the capitalist newspapers, in
London, opened a fund to attack
the Trades Union Congress in the
They are convinced that by next
May they will be in a position not
only to defeat the miners, but to
attack the* rest of the1 working-
class as well.
If the present prosecutions are
allowed   to   pass   unchallenged,   it
courts. Within a few days they means that no section of the Move-
raised the necessary money. ment will bei safe. If the govern-
But that is not all. The boss ment can at this,juncture succeed
press are showing very definitely in temporarily suppressing the re-
that they intend to attack the volutionary section of the Work-
wages of the rallwaymen, dockers, ing-class Movement, it means that
etc. The government is even us- the trade unions and the Labor
ing the present Coal Commission Party will be the next to be at-
to try and set the miners against tacked.
the railwaymen. The gravity of this situation calls
Thus during the past three weeks for immediate and united action—
we see that the capitalist offensive our Movement ls on its trial, and
THE WET WEATHER IS HERE—OOME IN AND
GET YOUR RUBBERS
Reliable Footwear
AT PRICES YOU DON'T MIND PAYING
"THE BEST FOR LESS."    Every Pair a Bargain—All Made
of Solid Leather
Children's Slippers clearing at  $1.45 and $1.95
Ladles' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for  $2.05
Boys' School Shoes   $2*45 and $2.95
Men's Work Boots (the famous "Skookum")  $3.95 and $4.96
Men's Dress Boots, up to $10 values, for  $4.95
KIBLER'S SHOETERIA
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library) ■f"
Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, November 27,,
OUR ECONOMIC SURVEY
Our Open Forum
U. S. UNEARNED INCOME IN DIVIDENDS
WOULD MAINTAIN 3,000,000 FAMILIES
(By LELAND OLDS, Federated Press.)
BANKING,     transportation    and  over   the   energy that   keeps  the
public utilities afford the own- wheels of industry moving,
ing class in the United States un- Second only to the credlt-tran-
equalled opportunity to levy a sport-utilltles group comes metal
cash tribute on the population, as manufacturing as a source of dlv-
may be seen from the report of '-lends. Iro-n, steel and, mors
the commissioner of internal rev- lately, copper are the very fabric
enue on dividend distribution ln of transportation, manufacturing,
1923, His figures show that ered- building and power. So capital
it, transportation and power own- finds in control of this industry
ers collected nearly $1,300,000,000 another opportunity to demand
fyi cash dividends, or more than tribute from the public. Metal
31 per cent, of all the dividends manufacture turned over to "the
disbursed in that year. owners   dividends   totaling   $673,-
This is a modern illustration of 594,604 in 1923.
the fact that control of key poa_- The cash dividends reported to
tions in the economic order yields ' the commissioner from all sources
almost unlimited tribute. The in« was $4,169,117,678. In addition,
fluence of credit and transporta- the corporations reported dlstri-
tion on prosperity and employ- bution of $891,286,583 in stock
ment requires no comment. The dividends. For the ten subdivi-
rise of giant power Is creating a sions of big business distributing
third vantage point, giving big the largest amounts in dividends
capitalists    concentrated    control the figures are:
Dividends ih 1923— Cash. Stock.
Transportation,  public utilities    $662,662,128       $ 76,098,539
Finance, banking,  etc ,      632,907,791 79^675^373
Metal manufacture  .      573,594,604 m!444.956
Trade    •'•       393,902,947 '       164,776,051
Chemical manufacture      381,161,186 32,914,392
(including petroleum)
Mining    -      300,662,452 41,980,436
Food  products       251,166,199 64,076,819
Textile products      218,528,922 87,580,550
Lumber products       127,899,768 66,964,101
Miscellaneous manufacture      207,076,611 51 062 231
=s      The cash dividends from trans-
Trade Union Brought       ™™u^ipubUo ut!lities^"e
° would   furnish   a   year's   subsist-
ReSUltS To PlUmberS ence wage in accord with the na-
  tlonal (employers') industrial con--
Continued gains in the wages of ference board standard, to more
union plumbers in 1925 correspond than "MOO worker families,
with the very considerable increase Transportation, public utilities,
in membership recorded by the banking and metal manufacture
United Assn. of Plumbers and combined paid cash dividends suf-
Steamfitters    between    1924    and f,c**ent   to   pay   such   a   wage   to
1925. According to the annual re- over L»00,OOFO families. The to-
port of the U. S. department of tal dividends from all branches
lajbor on union wages and hours, of business would provide a sub-
union rates for plumbers May  1, slstence for about 3,000,000 work-
1926, exceeded 1924 in 12 out of er -families.
40 cities.   Only one city in the list      The  bulk  of the  dividends go,
reported  a  reduction  in  plumber however,  to 200,000 persons with
wages. incomes   of   more   than    $15,000
Extending the comparison batek apIece-    Dlv,°«nds form the larg-
to 1920 we find that in the 5-year est   singIe   item   ln   a»   Incomes
period plumbers' minimum hourly °v<5r, *20-m- belnS nearly half °f
rates have been raised in 30 of the *» ,ncomes that OTCee<J  *100,000.
40 cities.   In only 2 cities are their The federaI fi*ures show that the
wages below 1920.   This is some- avera^ person ip any one of the
what better than  the average  in lncome SroUDS *boVB $10,000 could
the building trades.    As many o£ 1,ve as wel1 as tne av€raSe skilled
the increases have been large, un- meohanic if he did nothing more
ion plumbers have materially im- ln   ufe   than   casn   hls   dividend
proved their living standards com- checks.
pared with 1920, the year of high-      Cash   dividends   alone,   without
est living costs. reference   to  rents,   royalties,   in-
„,      ,, . , , terest  and   other sources  of  un-
The  44-hour  week  is  universal -r
.,_...,        . , earned    income    of   the    owning
except   in   Seattle   where   union ._ ,   . '    .
,     . .„ . , class, are today large enough to
plumbers   have   a   40-hour  week. .-       '   ... 7 ,...
„ ,    -..   -    .     . keep   the   upper   classes   sitting
Here    again    the    plumbers    are „   .. ....       . ._. ,
„ u_i s. -Js , .i. u *,.*■ Pretty on the backs of the work-
slightly  ahead   of   other  building ■
trades unions. Since 1913 plumb-       '	
ers hours have been reduced in 13      _,.    •  . . . .  _  .       ,
... The  right  arm  of Labor  is a
lumbers get the highest hourly -™J ~    «* f°™J°™
rate In Birmingham and St. Louis  "»* ^l^^L
where it Is $1.50. Pittsburgh is just  APIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
bohind  with $1,438  while G'cities 	
Including New York pay $1,375. Fall River, Manchester, Minneap-
The $1.50 rate ls a gain of 118% oils, Richmond and St. Paul have
over 1913. ln Birmingham and the lowest plumber scale with a
126%   In   St.   Louis.     Charleston,   rate of $1.
Readers of Tke Lsbor Advocate sre
invited to send In letters for publication in onr "Open Forum." This ls
a "free for all.'' No communications
will be censored so long as writers
refrain from indulging In personalities. Letters should aot exceed 250
words. She management of Ibe Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed in tbis spaoe.
LIBERALISM AND LABOB
Sir: It was with a feeling of
positive boredom that I read in
the last issue the account of the
latest attempt to persuade Labor
to link up with its dear frlepd,
the Liberal Party, I had fondly
hoped that the idea was dead and
buried long ago, but in this I have
apparently been mistaken.
B.C. is not alone in making the
suggestion. Lloyd George, fed up
with playing third fiddle in the
British House of Commons, and
realizing that a "policy" ls necessary if he is to stage a comeback,
has announced to a breathless
public that his party intend to
nationalize the land, and from his
trusty comrade, Mr. Asquith—beg
pardon, Lord Oxford—comes the
suggestion that a combination of
Liberal and Labor forces could
carry such a policy into effeet.
No one in his right, mind imagines for a moment that the British Labor Party will pay heed to
such a suggestion, any more thajn
that the alleged policy has any
honesty or sincerity behind it.
The party which . constitutes the
official opposition at Westminster,
and has actually been in office, is
hardly likely to sell itself to the
Liberals at this time of day, and
the British Labor voters may safely be left to judge the merits of
the Liberal suggestion; but I only
wish I felt as sure of those in
the Canadian movement. What
becomes of the British Labor
voters when they come to this
country? The beggarly array of
votes accorded to candidates at
the recent election, and the apparent inability of the party to
prosecute a vigorous campaign,
seems to indicate that many a
good Labor voter is captured by
"keep the grain flowing westward" or any other parrot cry
which the orthodox parties choose
to adopt.    Why is this?
Let there be no mistake. There
are only two parties in Canada,
as elsewhere, the workers a*pd the
others. The latter may call themselves Liberals, Conservatives, Progressives, or heaven knows what
besides—they all mean the same
thing, and the sooner the workers
realize that elementary truth the
sooner will they be able to build
up a party fit, not merely to
command a majority, but to govern.
Meanwhile I add my appeal to
all who have the cause of Labor
at heart to turn a deaf ear to
any suggestion of joining up with
the Liberals—that way madness
lies.
Yours truly,
F. M. HARDIE.
1040 Georgia Street, Vancouver.
BOOK  REVIEW
(By ESTHER LOWELL, Federated Press.)
lVTEW YORK.—"Our government
from time to time has been
charged with economic or financial Imperialism," Under Secretary
of State Joseph C. Grew told the
American Manufacturers' Export
Association banquet. "Need I say
such a charge ls baseless? Administrations come and administrations go. But so far as changing circumstances permit, the attitude of the government of the
United States towards the development of American commerce is
guided by certain definite and
consistent principles and lines of
conduct which have bean long
established. The basis of these
principles is . . . the policy of
the Open Door."
Further and fuller explanation
of this Open Door policy of the
United States government and an
answer to the under secretary's
denial of American Imperialism is
excellently set forth ln Dollar Diplomacy, a book by Scott Nearing and Joseph Freeman, which
comes out immediately after
Grew's remarks. Government records themselves tell most of the
story, and the rest ls from equally acceptable authorities.
Unhappy Latin-American countries often call to the American
Federation of Labor for attention
to woes inflicted upon them by
the United States government ln
support of United States investors.
Santiago Iglesias, Spanish-speaking secretary of the Pan-American Federation of Labor, has repeatedly brought deplorable Latin-American conditions before the
American Federation of Labor.
The Pan-American Federation was
itself professedly founded as the
American Federation of Labor's
expression of friendship for Latin-American labor. Dollar Diplomacy is a book which ought to
commend itself to the American-
Federation of Labor and to the
Pan-American Federation as a
text upon which to determine action.
one to the conclusion that Mr.
Keenlyside must have received
this definition from the Socialist
Party of America.
Webster's unabridged defines
political action as "having to do
with the organization or action
of individuals, parties or interests that seek to control the appointment or action of those who
manage the affairs of a state,"
and political science is defined as
"the science dealing with the organization and government of
states." Nothing aaid here about
a ballot box. Why, then, this
twisting of terms, resulting ln a
confusion of ideas? One can
hardly believe that the professor
does not know better.
Yours for clarity,
J. J. PIERCE.
With 200 billion dollars 1
vested abroad, the United]
is playing a thrilling, tcj
melodramatic game arouJ
world. United States capital
fully penetrating Canada q
a third of Canada's indusl
third of her producing irJ
third of her provincial bom
municipal debentures, and j
creasing amount of dJ
bonds, In Bolivia peaceful
tration ls turning Into pi
domination by Ameriean bj
The United States ls a pol
the Far East, where for]
years Americans have' work]
concessions in. China. In the
East, America's Standard i
participating in the" division!
spoils of war.
In Mexico and Hawaii J
lean business men have o
into local politics, even to tl
tent of encouraging and sul
Ing revolutions. The Hawaili
volt was put over by Am
sugar planters. United f
armed forces intervene ln
tries where American invest!
not receive satisfaction dem
from local authorities: ask!
Santo Domipgo and Nica
When a territory accepts 1
States control, military occu]
is supplanted by an Am eric
nancial commission or civil
nation. Armed conquest of
tory has taken place by (he
ed States in the Philippine
purchase without consultinj
population's wish in ths j
Island. The United States I
ment of European war del
mortgaging directly or lndl
European industry to Ami
bankers is setting a new ;
dent in imperial practice.
But for particulars — ii
dates and places—please j
Dollar Diplomacy. It is wel
umented; its appendices lnclj
dozen typical or not easU
tainable documentary s<
The American labor mo.
needs many more such boo
simply written, clear expositl
pertinent facts. j
(Dollar Diplomacy, by I
Nearing and Joseph fts
The Viking Press, New '
$2.50.) 1
Patronize our advertisers.
IS   NEWS   HA
WHERE    y|
THERE
PENING
ARE, WHETHER IT BE*|
THE MILL, MINE, F_J
TOBY OR ON THE LA^
MAKE YOURSELF TB
CORRESPONDENT A I-jjj
SEND IT IN TODAY. 1
CONCISE, ACCURATE Al
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TWISTING TERMS
Editor Labor Advocate: While
one may pardon a university professor for not being overburdened
with a knowledge of the Labor
or Socialist movements, yet one
can scarcely forgive these learned
gentlemen for failing to understand the English language.
At the Labor Party's meeting
l,n the Royal Theatre on Sunday
night last, Professor Keenlyside
made reference to political action
and armed revolution, stating that
certain bodies believed in political
action, while others advocated
revolutionary methods to capture
state power.
One wonders just what Professor Keenlyside means by- "political action." His speech would
lead one to the conclusion that
to him political action and parliamentarism were synonymous
terms. This betrays a lesser degree of understanding than is
possessed hy the average novice
ln the Labor movement, and leads
ONE HUNDRED DOLLAR]
IN CASH
■■{ CASH PRIZE of above amount will be given
**■ for the best Municipal Hydro-Electric Slogan
for Vancouver. This "slogan" must be accompanied by at least three reasons why a Municipal Hydro-Electric Plant should greatly increase industries and population in Vancouver
City.
Address replies to
Citizens' Committee
815 Yorkshire Building

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