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The Canadian Labor Advocate Aug 28, 1925

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With Which Is Incorporated THF ;^€i_jDERATIONIST
! Seventeenth Year.  No.
Eight Pages
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO. — The      Federated
Press learns belatedly that during
the  time the British government
was  holding   up   Scott   Nearlng's
passport visa on his FP assignment
to report tbe British Trades Union
| congress, the same British government was keeping another FP correspondent under lock and key as
)* a preliminary to deportation. Three
members of parliament as well as
the Federated Ptfess central office
ln Chicago have protested and are
, working to  have the deportation
order canceled.
Served With British Unionists
The victim is Gertrude Haessler,
who has been foreign correspon-
' dent for the FP for over 3% years,
serving in Hawaii, Japan,  China,
i Mongolia  and   Russia.     Recently
she has been in Germany and Switzerland and is now in Paris. While
I in Russia she served as technical
j secretary to the British Trade Union delegation, accompanying the
delegation on the entire mission of
1 of investigation that resulted in Its
\ epochmaking report.
Deported to France
After leaving the boat-train
| from Paris bound for London she
| boarded the channel.steamer wlth-
Lout hinderance, but on landing on
[the English side, the Immigration
(inspectors refused to let her pro-
| ceed to London. She has an American passport and had traveled
[unmolested round the world until
Fshe set foot on British soil. The
[British locked her up and held her
■prisoner until the boat she came
Ion made the return trip to France
Jwhen she was placed on board.
INo official reason was given for
|her deportation.
Federated Press Fighting
The Federated Press is viligant-
lly fighting to maintain the right of
(its credentialed correspondents to
enter foreign countries on the same
{footing as other journalists and to
jeport what they see of interest
[for the American and foreign la-
|bor papers and unions that it
Canadian Seamen Asked To Scab On Chinese
TVTHEN sixteen Chinese membera
•" of the crew of the S.S. City
of Victoria went on strike in sympathy *■*.-_ their fellow workers
in China, the captain of tbe vessel swore out wari-apts for tbeir
arrest "for refusing to obey the
lawful commands of the Master,"
and the men were subsequently
sentenced to six weeks ln Jail.
The "City of Victoria," along
with the "City of Vancouver" and
the "Margaret Coughlan," are all
wartime vessels built by the
Coughlan Shipyards under a war-
profiteer subsidy granted .by the
Canadian government. White
crews were first employed aboard
the vessels, but this was only during the time when patriotic froth
was at highest pitch—after lt sub
sided conditions aboard these ves- sailors. The Federation intends to
sels steadily grew worse, and fi- publish the names of scabs ln
nally the white crews, on the two subsequent issues of this paper,
first-named vessels, were dls- Trouble appears to dog Cough-
charged and replaced by Chinese, lan's footsteps ln his efforts to
Now that the Chinese have gone reduce wages. In April, 1923,
on strike in sympathy with their when the crew of the "City of
comrades, the white bosses are Vancouver" were discharged in
seeking white scabs to man the Victoria, they were docked a sum
vessels, but so far have not had aggregating $400. The Federated
very much luck, although It is Seafarers' Union took the case
likely there will be found a suffi- into court, but just as the trial
cient number of alleged "white was about tb commence Mr.
men" to scab on them. The Fed; Coughlan advised the counsel for
erated Seafarers' Upton has lnfor- the ship to withdraw the case and
mation that two who offered to pay the -men ln full.
unfairly take advantage of the The Chinese seamen took their
situation are none other than A. position quite calmly and did pot
W. Badge, formerly of the C.G. seem in the least perturbed over
M.M. vessels, and R. J. Murray, the prospect of spending six
late of the S.S. Mina Brea, both weeks on the prison farm.
Police Protection For '
Alberta Mine Owners
Wall Street Discusses       Trade Schools Scab
Canadian Labor Costs On Local Plasterers
■Oil Investors Pile
Up Gigantic Fortunes
(By Federated Press)
Notice to flivver owners!    Profits for the firBt six months of 19-
36 exceed those of the entire year
1924 ln the case of 12 oil companies not of the official Standard
fill family.    How did they work
t?   For one thing, according to
Ihe   Wall   Street   Journal,   they
harged more for gas.
The profits of these 12 compan-
es to June 30, total 163,492,294,
lompared with $47, 964,185 in the
irst half of 1924 and $62,669,641
or the full 1924 year. The gain
iver the first half of 1924 exceeds
(By our Prairie Correspondent)
DRUMHELLER, Alta.—The Alberta government is co-operating
with the mine owners to browbeat the coal miners into accepting the owners' terms.
Police .Commissioner W, C.
Bryan has rounded up about 40
provincial policemen from various
parts of the province and stationed them here to be in readiness
whep an attempt ls made to reopen the mines. About one-half
of the police will be mounted.
Some of the mines are attempting to operate with members ef
the U.M.W. of A., but a' large
number of the miners here are
members of the newly-formed
Canadian union, ahd' these men
state they will not be driven back
into the former organization.
The mine owners are making
their usual claims that the new
union is financed by the thivd international in Moscow, and that
the men are getting their orders
from that source.   It Is to laugh!
The dispute mainly centers
around the wage scale. The miners
recently accepted a 16 per cent,
wage cut, but the strikers claim
that with the sliding scale In operation this really amounts to a
cut of 32 per cent, for some classes of work.
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
The possibility of laying off
50,000 of the 160,000 workers employed on the railroads of Canada
is a feature of the plan to merge
the Canadian National with the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Says the Wall Street Journal:
"Slicing of labor costs, particularly operating labor, would be
the most important item ln savings resulting from merger. The
Canadian National employs 100,-
000 and the Canadian Pacific
over 60,000. Payroll of the National Railways last year was
$143,242,026, and the average
number of employees 98,876, making the average annual labor cost
per employee $1448. Using the
estimate' that the two railroad
systems, comprising over 36,000
miles of road can be operated
with about 110,000, Instead of the
approximately 160,000 inow employed, there would be a reduction of $72,400,000 in the labor
Send in Tour Subscription Today
—Street parades of striking American Thread Co. workers are banned by the chief of police despite
workers' pickets. Picketing is also
being restricted. Strikers blame
the state police who patrol the mill
E-rounds  for  the  trouble.     Many
Farmers' Union Gets
Ready For Election
(By Our Prairie Correspondent)
SASKATOON, Sask.—The railroad to Hudson's Bay will be
built, if John Evans, M.P. for
Saskatoon, is able to force the
government's hand.
When the Farmers' Union of
Canada at Its last convention
adopted a resolution calling for
this undertaking. It also sent out
a letter to all federal candidates
asking their attitude on the question. Evans in his reply states
that he is fully in accord with
the proposal. He also expresses
himself in favor of the, appointment of a representative of western agricultural interests, and
withdrawal oi the privilege to
banks of Issuing currency and
control of financial credits.
WINNIPEG — (F P) — John
Queen, leader of the Manitoba parliamentary group told the Imperial Labor conference in London
that unemployment was rife in
Canada and that immigration Was
fostered by the transportation corporations. The Winnipeg city
council is setting up an emergency
unemployment scheme to look after the unemployed.
Highlights on This
Week's News
The Hemphill Trade Schools
have solved "the problem of high
wages." In fact, they have even
gone further, and are how training members of the working class
how to get along without any
wages at all.
This fact was revealed at last
meeting of the Vancouver Building Trades Council, when it was
disclosed that this outfit has a
gang of plasterers at work on the
Angus Apartments working for
no wages at all. All they get is
the so-called experience.
Thia company bids fair to flood
the market with semi-skilled arti-
zans, and line its own pockets at
the same time. How men can be
secured to work on this basis is
something of a marvel, but the
luring propaganda of this outfit
appears to be 'successful in turning the trick. Did these workers
learn a trade at the "schools"
there might be some slight excuse
for its existence, but whe,n the
training course ls over they know
but little more than when they
started. The only one who profits
from the transaction are the owners of the "schools," who successfully exploit those whom they,
are able to entrap.
The Carpenters' Union ls still
making good progress in securing
new members. The Engineers reported that employment was fairly good In their line, and that all
hoist and portable work in the
city was fair to their union, except the new stable and garage
being erected for the Fraser Valley Dairy,
The Mill and Factory Workers
affiliated with the Council, and
reported that their organization
was making satisfactory progress.
(By C. McKay, Federated Press)
Montreal.-—One week's progress
of the empire of' American finance in Canada as indicated by
news items culled from a single
issue of the Montreal Financial
1. American Aluminum Co.
starts work on $90,000,000 aluminum project in Quebec province.
This company owns the two largest
aluminum plants In.Canada.
Water Power
2. Duke and Davis, American
magnates, takes over important
water power site on Saquenay
river; Ore., and will begin at once
to develop 600,000 horsepower.
3. Dillon, Read & Co., Investment bankers, New York, are confident of affecting merger of Canadian asbestos interests, which
would control 80 per cent, of world
4. Continental and Commercial
Securities Corp., Chicago, have
practically completed merger of
about 30 wholesale grocery firms
of Ontario. Securities to float this
merger, one of the largest in Canada, will be issued in the United
States.  . **.■;'.*'• •'-[
5. Boston interests have taken
control of the Maritime Electric
Co., Ltd., with power plants in
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and
Prince Edward Island. Boston interests dominate the electric power and street railway situation In
St. Johns, chief cite- of New Brunswick.
Pulp and Paper
6. Seaman and Backus and their
American banking' associates are
prepared to establish a pulp mill
near Winnipeg, if all -the pulpwood
resources (not already assigned to
MeArthur and his American
friends) are turned over to them
for nothing, except for meager
dues of 80c per' cord, complains
The Winnipeg Free Press.
7. American Capitalists are behind the project of a power plant
and paper mill on the Liscombe
River, Nova Scotia.
8. American interests acquire
holdings In the new gold fields of
Northern Quebec* '
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
Sailor. Asked to '(tab  1 LAROR GOVERNMENT TO
U.S. Economic Invasion Continuei.... 1 RESTRICT MINE LEASES
Trade Schools Aot As Scabs  1 gyoNEY,   Australia. — (FP) —
AMERICAN .             , The minister of mines will restrict
Pood Supplies Decreasing  • the granting of leases for mining
Uncle Sam—Capitalism's Leader........ 2 in New South Wales, because there
Shanghai Strikers Seek Labor Aid.... 3 are already too many mines. Many
FOSEION mines are working half time, and
,    .;_     .      ,,..„,*,„ conditions resemble the industry in
Trotsky OMers Imperialists No Com- *  ,
tout    .„  • America,   though   the  remedy   ls
Australians Object to Navy Scabbing 8 new.
New Zealand Seamen Beat Gov't  *> The outlook ls not brightened by
BBITISH European   competition.     German
Labor Writer Deported  1 J""*' «*\fc *_*" S°'d ^
Purcell on British Empire....  7 «»■»     «•*     todly-manufactured
Labor Party Lauds Unions ~— T ^°1'***
Nansen Says Russia
Making Rapid Gains
(Federated Press.)
MOSCOW. — "Comparing the
economic situation of the Soviet
Union today with that prevailing
in Soviet Russia in 1921, I am
deeply impressed and struck by
the rapid return of the country
to perfectly sound conditions,"
Fried jof Nansen told Moscow
Journalists. Nansen explained the
object of his visit was- to explore
the possibilities of settling in Soviet Armenia Armenian refugees
from Turkey, Greece and other
It is announced that complete
reports on the condition of crops
throughout the Union estimate
the harvest at 66 million tons,
over 16 million tons more than
last year.
The sound education of the
workers and their thorough organization, both economic and political
on the basis of clam struggle, must
precede their emancipation.—Eugene V. Debs. Page Two
Friday, August 28, 1925 |
A Page for the Man on the Land
Modern Machinery Al JLCC|E|Cn A IK
Replacing Farmers IlLROOiriCU HUOi
Russia Gets Bigger
Crop and Less Taxes
(By Anise.)
MOSCOW.—There is a powerful
growth oi rye throughout the black
earth region except for parts of
Moldavia, according to an interview given out by Petrovsky, president of the Ukraine. On the communal farms the harvest looks better than where the peasants till
with the old method.
The government's announced intention of cutting the peasant tax
this year makes the peasant skeptical because of the tine harvest.
It seems too good to be true, yet
the government in the past two
years has been steadily placing
more of the burden of financing
the country on the government industries and taking it off the peas***,
ant. Four years back the agricultural tax formed the bulk of government income. It is now only
one-tenth of this year's budget.
Petrovsky also advocates the
sending of a delegation of peasants
abroad to Europe to observe European methods of agriculture. Scientists have been sent, and engineers
and skilled technical workers, in
order to bring back improvements;
why not peasants, he argues. When
they come back these peasants will
be able to explain to the Russian
peasants why a European farmer
tilling poorer land gets a better
harvest. .
Food Supplies Drying Up
Subscribe to The  Advocate
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Millions Face Starvation! American Harvest Fails! Food prices
Skyrocket as Specter of Famine
Haunts Homes! Aid offered by
Russia and South America!
Can you imagine such scareheads
in the newspapers within 100
years? If you have followed the
discussions on agriculture and
population at the Williamstown institute of politics you can.
Population in the United States
will increase at a slower and slower rate until it becomes stationary
about 100 years from now in the
neighborhood of 200,000,005. Before that, food shortage will appear. So say the experts.
•    •    »
Prediction that New York, symbol of American urban civilization, will stop growing when high
costs force the standard of living
down until it can not go lower
comes from E. M. East of Harvard.
He suggests that within 30 years
nobody but the very rich and the
very poor will inhabit the city—
the very rich because their spending power will make it a city of
pleasure, the very poor because
they cannot escape.
The demands of an increasing
population for cheap food, East
thinks, can only be met by organizing farms on big business lines.
He says: "Only when the capital
is large enough to make possible
the employment of a competent
business head and to retain the
services of well trained experts,
can the business be brought to a
really high state as business goes.
It needed a great organization like
the U. S. Steel Corp. tb produce
steel cheaply," But East hopes
big business applied to farms may
be cooperative.
•    *    *
Food shortage within 10 years
becoming so acute by 1960 that
"nations in their scramble for food
and markets will find another universal blood-letting the only solution," is the prediction of H. A.
Wallace, editor Wallace's Farmer.
He sees the ultimate population of
200,000,000 divided 160,000,000 in
towns and cities with 40,000,000 on
the farms,
This recalls the generally accepted theory that ancient Rome began to decline when the development of urban life at the expense
of agriculture reached the point
where food supply began to dry up.
(By,.tFederated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — The farming
"plant" of A'merlca is about 100
per cent, excess capacity, considering the market, and it is overcapitalized to approximately the
same degree, says Benjamin C.
Marsh, Farmers' National Council,
just returned from a speaking
tour to the Pacific coast. He is
convinced that more people must
leave the land and earn their
livelihood in towns. Application
of machinery to the land is forcing this migration.
Marsh found the western farmers staggering under debt which
he believes they can never pay,
but which many will cast off by
bankruptcy proceedings. Deflation
in 1920, followed by regional failures of crops and general depression of prices for several years, ls
one, of the basic reasons for this
conditioip. Another is the farmers' rash speculation in farm
land, capitalizing the temporary
price of farm products into the
price of farm lands. At the same
time, the mortgages on the farms
are based on these inflated values,
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Children Enslaved In
American Bean Fields
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press   gold    reserves    the    world    over
Industrial Editor) amounts to $3,958,120,000 so that
How  the  world  war made the  the United States managed to cor-
TT .. , „, . 7". ,- :■'. - ,., ,:. ner about two-thirds of all the gold
United States the leader of world     ._■•■_. . ,     ,
added to the world reserves in the
capitalism is again reflected in a Jast 12 years,
report of the federal reserve board The entlre lncrease ln the
on the distribution of the world's world,s stock of gold could be ac_
gold at the end of 1924. The re- counted £or by the United gtates
port shows the banking system and (our other nation_ which sup.
here with a gold reserve of $4,547,- plied the main world war combat_
407,000, practically as much as the ants with food and munltions at
combined reserves of all other na- hoIdup prlcea The other nations
tions. The world total including are Japan with a gain of $520).
the United States amounted to $9,- 775,000- Spain with a gain of $397,-
379,368,000. 802,000;  Argentine with a gain of
The present reserve in this coun- $210,891,000 and Netherlands with
try represents a gain of $2,623,046,-   $141,956,000.
000 or 136 per cent, over the gold The gold reserves of certain
held in 1913, the year before the principal countries in 1913 and
outbreak of the war.   The gain in   1924 were:
U. S       $1,924,361,000        $4,547,407,000
England    728,46,0,000 757,033,000
Fiance     678,856,000 710,394,000
Japan    -,-  64,963,000 585,738,000
Spain    .'.  92,490,000 489,292,000
Argentine  224,989,000 435,880,000
Italy     288,103,000 218,382,000
Holland    ' 60,898,000 202,854,000
Germany, Austria, and Hungary.... 530,108,000 221,644,000
Russia  786,800,000 73,050,000
Canada   142,517,000 192,504,000
Australia and New Zealand  47,205,000 159,261,000
India   72,780,000 108,600,000
Gold stocks accumulate where (employers') industrial conference
capital can exploit labor and na- board the U. S. produces 60 per
tural resources most profitably, cent, of the world's pig iron, 53
The predominance of the United per cent, of its copper, 43 per cent.
States, registered in its stocks of of its coal, 72 per cent, of its pet-
gold, directly reflects world leader- roleum, 52 per cent, of its cotton,
ship in the production of Iron, coal, 46 per cent, of its lumber and 40
copper, and other basic commodi- per cent, of its developed water-
ties.    According   to   the   national power.
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—How children
work with their parents in American bean fields is told by an Italian girl now 17 in The American
Child, organ of the National Child
Labor committee. "Ever since I
can remember I have spent every
summer in the bean fields," she begins. Her mother used to carry
her around in her apron. "It was
hard for the children because
many mornings they had to go to
work without any breakfast because they couldn't get milk. At
the beginning of the season we began our day's picking about 7 in
the morning to seven at night.
But during the middle of the season we had to work about 16 hours
from 4:30 in the morning. One of
the hardest things was to carry
the bag of beans to be weighed.
I remember of a little boy about 13
years old carrying on his back
about 110 pounds of beans. He
just about could walk. Toward the
end of the season the weather got
very cold but everybody had to
pick all day long for about 30 or
40 cents."
VERMILION, Alta.—Harvesters
are pouring In here rapidly, with
disastrous results to wages. Current wage rates here are $3 to
$3.50 per day, and $65 to $60 per
month, with a possible advance
when threshing  commences.
Wages in Saskatchewan are reported to be somewhat higher.
The average, it is stated, is
around $4 per day.
Nothing has such power to
broaden the mind as the ability to
investigate systematically and truly
all that comes under thy observation in life.—Marcus Aurelius.
Christian" Exploiter
Exposed By Laborite
OLIVET, Mich.—The Fellowship for a Christian Social Order,
meeting in Olivet,'was thrown into
an uproar by the charges of Pres.
Sidney Hillman, Amalgamated
Clothing Workers, that "Golden
Rule Nash" of Cincinnati is running a non-u*nion clothing factory.
Nash has been highly touted as
the white hope of the paternalistic bosses, but Hillman told his
surprised audience that the clothing manufacturer was paying less
than the union scale and that
employees working under the eminent Christian had po voice in the
control of working conditions.
Can Be Relieved
Ths new  Continental Remedy called
"LARMALENE"  (Kegd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
whieh absolutely relieve! deafness,
noises ih the head, etc. No expensive appliance! needed for this nei*
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
affected parts with complete and permanent success. Scorei of wonderful cases reported.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whitehorn
Road, Croydon, write!: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you lent to me at Tentnor
has proved a complete success, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noitei have ceased.
The action of tbis new remedy must
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaint! for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of the very belt medical advice, together with other expemive ear instruments, all to no purpoie. I need
hardly lay how very grateful I am,
for my life hai undergone an entire
Try one box today, which ean be
forwarded to any addreu on receipt
of money order for fl.00. There ll
nothing better at sny price. Addreu
orden to Manager "LARMALENE"
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paelfle
Bldg., 744 HaMlngs St. W.
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The belt makes of bicycles.
on easy terms. _' ■." '■	
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlnga St. B.
Hannah Lund, 924 Birki Bldg., givei
instant relief; evening! by appointment.
Sey.   1213. ___^
Phone Sey. 7137
Dr.   W.  J.  Curry,   801  Dominion
Bldg.       '
/          DRUGS
Red  Star Drug .Store,  Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 HM-
tlngs St. E.	
Cordova St. W., few doori weit of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window glass.
Hotel   Stratford,   Gore  Ave.   and
Grandview Hospital—Medical, inrg-
ic»l, maternity. 1000 Victoria Drive.,
High.  197.
Famous   Cloak   &   Suit  Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudson, Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Street. -
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hast*
ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordovs
V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
965  Robson  St.    Sey.  2004.
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hast'
ings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastlngi
Street East.
 , __—%
St.,   3   large   photoi,   fl   with
Extra photo free.	
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hast
ings Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carral
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street,
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, are
the three cardinal lies of Capitalism!—Paul Lafargue.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
/      Florists' Sundries '
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Halting! St.  Eait   Sey.  088-672     666 Granville Street   Sey. 9613-1891
161 Hastings  Street West Soy.  1870
— IT PAYS — Friday, August 28, 1925
Page Thre*
Shanghai Strikers Ask     Imperialists Get No
Aid of American Labor     Comfort From Trotsky
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—"Sympathy from
'' the workers of other lands, especially from America, is the appeal of
, the   committee  leading  the  great
' strike of Chinese workers in
Shanghai has transmitted to the
American labor movement through
the American Committee for Chin-
* ese Relief. The appeal reads as
"We are longing for help from
the workers of the world, especially America and other similar countries. We want you to say something against the forces that are
doing us injustice. We want you
to  speak out and  say that  such
, things should not be done to the
workers of China or of any other
place. We want you to understand
two points. First, we have no
right to organize and to bargain
1 collectively and no freedom of
speech.    Second, this  is a move-
. ment to Improve our conditions of
labor. It 18 not anti-foreign nor
Bolshevik. It is for labor's sake.
"We want you to know the conditions ln our shops. The working
hours ln mills and factories average more than twelve.   The wages
! average about $10.00 a month. The
lowest ls 15 cents and the highest
$1.00 a day. (Divide this in half
to make it American money.) The
equipment for sanitation in our
factories, ls so poor that the death
rate is correspondingly high. The
workers in our mills are very
roughly treated, There are frequent assaults and killings, especially in Japanese mills. The death
rate from such injuries is high and
therefore Our feeling is bitter and
"Under such conditions we naturally expect sympathy from the
^'workers of other lands, especially
from America. But now you even
unite against us with the other
powers, sending your forces to sup-
1 press us."
MOSCOW.—That the capitalists
should always remember that
their hopes of fundamental concessions from the Soviet • government were useless, and that concessions would play only a subordinate part and never a devisive
role in the economic life of the
Soviet Union was the reply given
by Leon Trotsky when questioned
as to the economic and concession policies of the Soviet Republic by a delegation of German
workers investigating conditions in
the Union of Soviet Republics.
Trotsky showed on the basis
of figures that, in consequence of
the waiting attitude taken by the
capitalists towards the concessions
of the Soviet Union, the latter
•played only a very small role ln
the economic life of the workers'
Nevertheless, he continued, having regard to the economic
strengthening, the Soviet government was willing to draw foreign
capital into the work of increasing the speed of economic reconstruction.
Workmen in the Siemens Dyna-
'No Navy Scabs," Say     Union Loyalty Keeps
Australian Workers       Up Living Standards
(By Federated Press)
MELBOURNE,   Australia—Seri-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ (By Our Prairie Correspondent)
mo works recently noticed among MELBOURNE, Australia—Seri- KINDERSLEY, Sask.—Not be-
them a new face which somehow ous objection is taken by Labor cause the owners were kind heart-
seemed familiar. The man called "--""bers in the Australian parlia- ed, but because the workers were
j.i««,.i#  a.,„..__ -«._,.,.     But flne  ment   to   the   Australian   cruiser  organized and stood by their un-
ions through thick and thin, was
the reason why men employed in
one  industry,  in a certain  place,
received  more   wages  and   better
^^l^m^^mm^mmm   ™ork*r*B conditions than men do-
Labor members  point out that  ,nS*  the same work  in  the same
—e Labor party when in power al-  Place, in another industry, R. )*,.,.-
shouting   "Murderer!    Murderer!"  ways refused the army and navy to  Cutchan, of the Boilermakers' Un-
himself August Radolf.    nu one            ■*«—»-.
day an enterprising worker looked Brisbane's activity in China to as-
up some old newspaper photo- slst the alUed and American gun-
graph and identified iRadolf its boats t0 break the general strlke
Oscar Runge, one of the assassins of. Chinese workers at Shanghai
of Rosa' Luxemburg.    In a flash and other Chinese ports.
the pseudo worker was surrounded    _   ---
by  a   crowd   of  angry   workmen the Labor party when in power al-
_        .._ . -.„_     _......,   _,„.,_   ,,.*,j   ..v  '   --   —-   --"-...wiiiiaiveiH     un-
and Runge saved himself only by be  used  in  an  industrial  dispute  nlon*  told  a meeting  of  railroad
flight.   Since that time he has not  in Australia, and it would certain-  workers^here.
appeared at the factory.
ly not allow it to be used for quyl-
ling an industrial dispute in foreign lands. They said the Australian navy had been created to de-
He emphasized the gains accruing to the workers from eomb'n-
lng together, and illustrated, by
means of an early wage agreement,
_ „ .. .                             ,. ""*" "«.v-/ uaa ueen creaiea to ae- •"•=»"= <« au eariy wage agreement
n.2T    S      ' ?PreS!" "S °_* fend Australla and »<* to 'nterfere the numerous advantages rai road
vZ,? 7rTnt T ^17 ad; with *» affalrs of an°ther nation, workers had received through the"
™^e 0f the far;ed ~»d tlon °f      Prime Minister Bruce refuses to u»'°n.
rX„  .fri.,8,      ™lnla/nd recall the cruiser claiming that it He outlined in brief the O.BU
?Si^* <a;ee force ,s pro             ^             .          ^ Amalgamation, International Trad,.
"! ,rr,f L„Pl?Ie *1 >_   ° f°reigners in China. Union Unity, and Canadian Auton
Political Aspects Of
Coal Miners' Strike
France." This has been exposed aa
a ruse on the part of the French
government to forcfully acquire a
fighting force in Poland to be shipped to Morocco under the guise of
importing Poles to "work in
omy movements .pointing out thnt
in his opinion greater pro-.rre.ss
could be made with these proposals
if  fewer  attacks  were   made   on
MADISON, Wis.—(FP)—Imme-
' diate response by the regents of
I the University of Wisconsin to cri-
j ticism by the Wisconsin State Federation of Labor brands Rocker-
' feller money as gold that will pros-
f'titute freedom. No more gifts
Lfrom the Rockerfeller foundation
(or other huge accumulations that
j are dictating education all over the
feworld will be allowed to corrupt
[the state university.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
Stay at the
The Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 0121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
(0 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
(By Federated Press)
WASINGTON—Anthracite ' coal
miners will take note of the fact
that President Coolidge has published a letter from an old man
in Vermont, urging Coolidge to run
for a third term ln 1928. Coolldge
has an anthracite strike on his
hands—or nearly there. It will
start Sept. 1 unless he changes his
present attitude of neutrality and
brings the operators to terms. Unless he settles that dispute ln a
way that will satisfy the public,
before the price of anthracite has
been raised to an extortionate figure, his political stock will tumble.
Gifford Pinchot, Governor of Pennsylvania, will see to that.
Pinchot took hold of the dispute
in the anthracite Industry two
years ago, after the White-House
had dodged it, and secured at 10
per cent, raise in pay for the miners. The checkoff was demanded
at that time but this point was
dropped in order to nail down the
wage increase. Now the checkoff
is the main point for which the
miners are contending. They will
not compromise. Pinchot is still
in office, and he stands ready y>
challenge Coolidge if the president
tries any bullying tactics toward
the union. Nothing would please
him more, apparently, than to get
into the presidential race on such
an issue.
Company Union Aids
Wage_Cutting Drive L^L.*^
When question time  came,  th*
WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. - The nature of tb- questions asked en-
situation among the employees of abled Brott ,r McCutchan to criti
  the   Camel   cigarette   factory   at cize the _> .sent social system  and
Three thousand  leaders  of the  ^"fton-Salem, N.C, owned by R. to deal v .th trade union insurance
rlking   15,000   workers   on   the  X  f6?"0"1* T°bat!<;° Co.   is very and  labor  banks.    In  closing be
orth  Western  Railway  A India  a0Ute due *° the ^.nation of a p inted   out  that  despite  all  at-
are  blacklisted  from  employment  C0™Wf "n«» and the disinteg- tempts to patch up capitalism, a
as the strike ends.    Poverty and J^'0" °f their  "ternatlonal union, change must be made, and a new
lack of outside aid helped the com-  !™en *e e™P,o»»B were to the social   system   Introduced,   where-
pany beat the workers who stayed   ™t™?™{   tobacco    Workers' in the workers would receive the
out over two months.   The workers Uni°"' th5 had 80tne klnd of pr°- fu"  vaIu«  of what they
-   - »**   ,„*;,   created.
are very poorly paid and live most  toctlon.   But the company decide*! "We would  then,"  continued  the
of the time on one small meal a  to */?* UP that Uni0,n' S° they ?,p,eaker' "W°>* to live and enlnv
—    The workers belong to the  Started a COmpany ^    Ma"y "fe' instead of as,at present, work
nf Tn*..,*, „ite„„ members were forced to leave the for the  glory and  pleasure  of a"
international and join the company parasite class,
union.    Those who did not leave .
the international took out withdrawal cards. Soon after the company   had   smashed   the  union   it
day. ^^^^^^^^^^
union of India railwaymen
The General Federation of Labor has called a strike intended to ■*■"»••'   •*-**  — *™;-™   -*■»   *-•—-*•.   ■>•
spread throughout Mexico, and an- began to cut the wages of the em-
swered at once by half the factory Ployees  by  laying them  off  and
Cigar Makers Endorse
Labor Insurance Plan
workers of Mexico City, as a result
of the Calles government imprisoning C. B. Mendoza, the secretary of
the federation, for "inciting a
strike" of cotton mill workers.
then re-hiring them at the reduced
Jurisdictional Fight
LOWELL, Mass. — (FP)—The
hardest times since "soup lines" of
1914 are in store for American
workers in the immediate future,
Edward F. McGrady, national legislative agent of the American Federation of Labor, told the Massachusetts state federation of labor
convention. McGrady blames the
Dawes plan. The action of the A.
F. of L. in turning from third party
alliances was endorsed.
(By  Federated  Press)
BOSTON.—The    Cigar    Makers
International    Union     convention
backed up thp American Federa-
.  .-. _ tion  of Labor "Insurance  program
Extending Rapidly with lts mo*>iey °y authorizing its
  executive  board  to  purchase   500
(By Federated Press) ihar/3   °f,  capital   stock   «*   the
Trade   Union   Life   Insurance   Cn
NEW TORK—Union bricklayers at thp __.      . ,,. Jns"rance   U>.
,.,..,.„        _    .       at tne rate °f $20 a share. Ind -
are extending their strike into ter- vMuaI unlonigts anQ
ritory where the Operative Plaster- were   aM additional
ers  and   Cement  Finishers  union ghareSi y   ?acI't,onal
has previously claimed Jurisdiction      rm,,.     „.„„ ,
■,   _ t    ■_     ,       _• m rhe    cigar    makers    recorded
over plasters.    Lynbrook and Wa- ti,.m.ol,,M    , .,     lcv-","e"
tertown,  N. T„  and Passaic, Pat- TrZlvZ     Z    "     *' °l    ^
erson and Newark, N. J., are the ZToT^TlT ^T^  '1V
™„ towns   where   jobs   are   affected,     r?!  f   '-J",. * '""'"
AUSTRIA Members of the Brlck]ayers,  Ma.   "'J««Went    Perkjns'*    keynote
One   hundred   and   six   fascists Eons  and   Plasterers  International ,„     ™ "? i       .    °*   P    W      *' '
were being, held by police here for union are sluing „n jobs where !£    ^   „,   ,      'ncreased     *'**<*>
taking part in the anti-semitic riot, the contractor will not promise to ,1'  "T\,day  and   imProvert
staged at the opening of the Zionist h)rc   p,astererS   from   their   union !,"*"/ T* ^ «"»-™l<"-ft thfe
Congress.     The   fascists,    several ,.egm*dless   of  the   old   agreement metnofla   ln   or(,er  of  Importance
thousand of whom came here from between bricklayers and plasterers ihZs^i^-1011'      concniM,°'1
out of town, were bent upon break- internationals giving jurisdiction to l"a9 f",  ,t,       . „   **   emP'"V"
the Operative Plasterers' union.      Zl ™    ll "' *" ***"  '"e-
cessary.     This   was  coupled   with
the assertion that no ill-timed and
ill-advised   strikes  that   mipht   be
avoided   through   mediation   were
The revolt of the African races
against European imperialism has
spread to Tripoli, where 700,000
Senussi Arabs are in rebellion
against the rule of Italy. Since an
Italian column was wiped out south
of Benghazi, by the natives the revolt has not been put down_
ing up the Zionist meeting.
Japan now has the largest number of unemployed workers of anv
nation in the world. Three million
four hundred thousand adult workers are jobless. England is a close
Political Parties
Discuss Problems
Patronize Our Advertisers.
(By  Federated  Press)
CHICAGO.—With  the  Workers-
Party of America's fourth annual
convention   in   session,   and   with
the Socialist party's regional con-
Some Street Carmen
Get Wage Increase
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
u steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
-The Federation of Labor of Cos-  vention   opening  August   29,   	
ta Rica and the Sugar Cane Work- cago is renewing an oldtime ac __„,alK_.„lalea Association of Street
prs' Union of Costa Rica, an inde- quaintance with the exponents of and Electric Railway Employoes
pendent organization, have affll- independent political action by accept the award of Arbitration
liated with the All-America Anti-  labor.* The 54 workers' party del-   umpire Williams hut protest to hiw
egates   are   hammering   away   at  for  not giving his  reasons  In   rn-
their   Internal   problems  and   the  fusing to grant their demand  fo
position of the party in the American   scene.     The
imperialist League.
SCRANTON. Pa.—(FP)—So-an-
ton street car men, Division 168,
Amalgamated Association of Street
He ls wise who can Instruct, us
n'Tld  assist  us  In  tip  Mistress 'nf
'dailv v|r+lln"S l**.'!no- hr, wl*,*-, tf-^inc
.lis to s*>e old truths *undp>- nrss-
demie formularies ma-*' he wise or
not, as if* chances; but wo love to
see wisdom In nnni-etending form,
to recognize her roval features un-  cause
der weeklday vestures.—-Carlyle.    Glares.
scene. The' Socialists are
hoping, with, a Deb* baijquet and
a Debs mass meeting, to rekindle
the party fires. "The Socialist
party has never had a moro favorable time for advancing its
the Chloago Socialist de-
16c increases for all car-workers.
Motormen, conductors, barnmen,
trackmen, shopmen, dispatchers
and ticket takers will enntln--n t *
work for 64c an hour with no Ih-
crense. Operators of buses fr*"l"
Ho nn hour. One-man ear operators get Sc increase over the 64c
maximum. Page Four
Friday, August 28,1925
fedlfarUd *"pft<je
Address  All  Letters  a*nd
Remittances to the Editor
Stye (Eanafciatt Cabot Aimorafr
1128 Howe Street, Vaneonver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
pROJACK (whoever that gentleman ls) writing In a reoent
Issue of the Vancouver Sun, depreciates the fact that members of
the Seamen's Union are refusing
to scab on the Chinese. This advocate of white scabbery can see
where an additional $50,000 would
be paid in wages to Canadian sailors if they were employed on the
Empress ships. .If, however, happens to be a powerfully big word,
although it contains but two letters.
If this protagonist of prosperity,
via the scab route, can convince the
the G. P, R. to pay white sailors
a living wage he has greater argumentative abilities than his
"spasm" ln the Sun indicates.
CCABRING, according to "Cro-
jack," should he a tactical
move employed hy the workers to
"get even". He figures that seeing
Chinese sailors work for lower pay
than British seamen, Canadians
should scab on the Chinese ln order to secure Jobs for the white
race. This seems a rather scabby
mixture, but nevertheless, lt is
quite a good scheme for the boss,
and leads' one to the conclusion
-that if Crowjack had the moral
courage to use his first name he
wonld be found to be interested In
some shipping company looking for
cheap labor. '
• •   »
"jv/ruzZLES for working class
spokesmen appears to be the
diet prescribed by the Saskatoon
Daily Star. It appears that John
Queen of Winnipeg, has aroused
the ire of the mud-flat philosopher
who edits that distinguished journal. Qneen told the Rrltish workers that they might as well starve
at home as in Canada, and that
hundreds of farms were being abandoned. For telling this simple
truth he ls accused of throwing a
monkey wrench in the immigration machinery. Perhaps the editor has forgot that in 1923, ln Alberta, 1,500,000 more acres ot land
were sold for taxes than the total
area under cultivation. The total
amount offered for sale that year
was 7,000,000 acres.
* »   •
" ls apparently determined that
the unemployed shall not connect
with any of the money required for
civic centers, or the purchase of
land to be burned by the Capilano
Timber Co. Extensive advertising
will be done on thc prairies this
fall, warning all and sundry that
if they cpme to Vancouver for the
winter they had better have a
"stake in their jeans". This, according to the dally press, is a
sign of high statesmanlike qualities,
but meantime thc same press is
crying aloud for more immigrants
from Europe. Whey not send a
few copies of the dty Council's
warning to be pasted up in various
parts of thc British Isles?
Te friends to truth, ye statesmen
who survey
The rich man's joy increase, * the
poor's decay,
'Tls yours to judge, how wide the
limits stand
Between a splendid and a happy
For -empires or for individuals
there Is but one class of man to
be trembled-at, and that is the
stupid class, the class that cannot
see, who, alas! are they mainly
that will not Bee,-MCarIyle.
A TTEMPTS TO EMBROIL CANADA in a war with China,
and send several more thousand young men to their
death, are being made by the suave gentlemen who own the
country. The Canadian Manufacturers' Association (who
doubtless organized the move), the Vancouver Merchants'
Exchange, and the Boards,of Trade of Montreal, Toronto,
Winnipeg, Halifax and Calgary, have wired to the Dominion
government demanding that "immediate action" be taken
to force Canadian products upon the Chinese. The messages
state that the "business interests will stand strongly behind
the government in any action they may take which will guard
our export trade." "Stand strongly behind" is the correct
term to use. When it comes to actual fighting, and getting
into places where th-^prfety of their sacred carcasses is
endangered, they will no* be there. Their place, like that of
all modern buccaneers, is hehind the lines, where they can
yelp their patriotic platitudes at a war-inflamed populace,
and line their own pockits with the profits of the carnage.
• %      •      •      •
■T-HINA, as a result of the murderous attacks of British
v,i' imperialists, has decided to boycott all British goods. This
act has thrown the British capitalistic class into a state of
consternation, causing them to utter sinister threats against
the Chinese Republic. The gory refrain bas been taken up
by Canadian capitalists, not because they are troubled about
Britain's financial position, but because the boycott includes
Canadian products, hence we find them wiring: "The situation is fraught with serious consequences . . . itr view of
forthcoming movement oi Canada's western wheat crop,"
Grain, garnered on Canadian soil, must be sold in China,
otherwise, forsooth, Canadian farmers and wage earners cannot eat. If the grain be kept at home it must pile up in
elevators and granaries or rot in the fields. Yet in view of
this monumental imbecility, in face of the fact that we are
asked to go out with gun and bayonet and ram our foodstuffs down Chinese throats in order to secure a mouthful
for ourselves, they tell us that this is the best, wisest and
greatest of all possible social systems.
• •      •      •      #
JAPAN has at "last discovered that a determined working
" class cannot be browbeaten by imperialist bullets. Japanese owners of cotton* mills in Shanghai have decided to
settle with the strikers. They have agreed to pay the Chinese
$10,000 compensation for the killing of a workman, which
led to the strike, and have agreed to recognize the mill
workers' union and adjust wages as living costs increase.
This move on the part of Japan has completely isolated Britain
in the east, leaving he* standing as sole aggressor, a fact
which has caused British imperialists to cry out that they
have been betrayed by the Japanese. But Japan has her eye
on the future and desires to worm herself into a position
where the Chinese will regard her as their friend, a move
which the United States is also attempting in another way.
There is one prime factor, however, which threatens to upset
all their plans, and that is Soviet Russia. Not by words and
underhanded bribery, but by deeds, the Russian workers are
proving to the Chinese that they are their sole real friends.
JOCKEYING POR POSITION is now the order of the day
v among all the great powers, who are preparing to inundate the world's workers in a bath of blood, in order to
enhance their own profits and power. Each one is striving
to secure the most advantageous position. It is for this
coming struggle, as to who shall plunder and exploit China,
that the labor movement: must prepare. That it is coming
is obvious. As Tien Sen Shiao says in the current issue of
the "Labor Monthly": "When the question is asked, 'WiU
the great powers give up without a struggle?' it is only necessary to quote the'papers) which,say: 'The. British.Aircraft
Carrier "Hermes" has left Malta for China, fully equipped
with aeroplanes and bombs.''' The inaster class Ure getting
ready for the struggle, aid when it breaks we_6f the..wpTk.
ing. class will be driven, i$t?' the fight. There never existed
a more driving need for ijabor to'consolidate itsforces, political ind industrial, so that when an attempt is made, to drag
us into the slaughter we may be prepared to fight for control
of our own lives and of the country wherein we live.
Book Review
A "Personal" To Our
Man And His Ancestors
(By Chas. Hill-Tout)
Cowan, Brookhouse, Ltd.,
A BOOK of this kind comes at a
very    opportune    time,    for
though the doctrine of evolution
has received a great deal of ittcn-
tion lately, it has not been all of
the right kind, and even thc newspapers manage to twist tht. truth
Vie would therefore recommend
to the notice of those who hitherto have taken Hebrew literature as
have the fundamentalists, this
scholarly exposition of the theory
of organic evolution. The book
contains _ wealth of interesting
facts and convincing proofs for
those who are open to conviction
of man's lowly descent, niiuug
other things.
The first chapter deals with the
universality of evolution, and forms
a most appropriate introduction to
thu subject. Nothing ls exempt
from the law of evolution... .not-
even man, not even ideas about
God, as the bible shows, for us tlie
learned author onoe remarked,
"There is no more convincing proof
of evolution than the bible Itself "
The 'chapters dealing with embryological evidences of man's descent and vestigial structure are
both extremely interesting nnd
they are well illustrated.
Those who are curious about the
unseen will find the last chapter
dealing with the possibilities of
spiritual life, quite thought-provoking.
After reading this book, the average person who has studied Uttle
or nothing about organic evolution
in regard to man will realize that
it is a far more hopeful creed—
this theory of gradual change and
improvement—than the one which
deals with a fallen angel.
SYUR circle of friends is growing'
every week, and we hope very i
soon to be able to double the size
of "The Advocate," but we need]
the help of our friends.
"The   Advocate"   is   published,
entirely in the interests of Labor.
Are you a friend of Labor? What
kind of a friend? Active or passive?
To be merely a well-wisher will
help neither the cause nor yourself. BE ACTIVE! Show your
Interest by spreading knowledge,
and promoting thought about Labor and its problems.
We are pleased to receive thie j.
many letters telling us about the '
satisfaction the "Advocate" is giv- i
tag*, but lt will help us, us well as '
please us, to have a more practical *)
testimonial ln the form of a subscription.   $2.00 a year only.
Send   ns   the   names   of   your I
friends who should read "The Ad- J
vocate"  and we will send  them
sample copies.
rPHE series of articles on
■*■ "Organic Evolution," by
Professor canaries HM-Tout.
which appeared in the- "Federationist" may now be obtained ln book form under
the title "Man and His Ancestors ln the Light of Organic Evolution," price $2.50.
This little volume presents
in readable form a large
body of evidential facts in
support of the doctrine of
Orpheum Notes
At the Orpheum theatre next
week, Thursday, Friday apd Saturday, there are four headllners
and three excellent supporting
acts. Mabel McKlnley, one of
vaudeville's most popular sopranos, ls a niece of the late
President McKlnley. Johannes
Joseffson is the champion of the
Icelandic method of self-defense,
and presents "The Pioneer," a
sketch showing the trials of the
early Califbnnia settlers. Billy
Farrell and company present
"Novelty Surprises." Arthur and
Morton Havel in one of vaudeville's prettiest sketches entitled
"Lovers' Lafie." The Royal G
coignes, jugglers and' acrobats.
Deagon and Mack are comedians
and entertainers. Jack Hedley's
Trio offer something entirely different and original and the usual
attrntive pictures complete the'
—MeetB second Mondiy in the month. *
President, J. R. White; aeeretary, R. H. '
Neelanda.    P. 0. Bot 88.	
111, 810 Pender St. Weat. Bnalneaa
meetinga let and Srd Wednesday even-
Inge. R. H. Neelanda, Ohalrman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis. !
854*1 Prince Edward Street, Vanconver, i
B.C., Corresponding Seeretary.
Any district in British Columbia de-'
siring information re securing speakera]
or the formation of local branches, klnd-1
ly communicate with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford. 521 Birks Bldg., (
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Seymour*)
1882, or Bayvlew 5520.	
Meeta   aecond  Thursday   every   month]
In Holden Building. President, J. Bright*
well;   financial   secrotary,   H.   A.   Bow-j
ron, 781 18th Ave. Eaat.	
first and third Fridays in each monthi
at 115 Richards street. President. DavM]
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert etreet; secretary-L
treaaurer, Geo. Harrison, 1182 Parker]
*—Local   882—Meeta   every   Wednesday!
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden Building.!
President, Charles Price; business agentl
and financial secretary, F. L. Hunt; re-j
cording secretary, 3. T. Venn.
UNIOff, L"csl 115. A. F. of M.-
Meets in G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour and
Pender Streets, second Sunday at 10
a.m. President, E. O. Miller; 081 JMel-J
son atreet; secretary, — A. Jamlesonf
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,!
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; er-1
panlaer,  F. Fletcher,  991 Nelson street./
UNION OF CANADA—Headquarter!
at Rooms 5, 8 and 7, Flack Building J
188 Hastings Street W., Vanconver. B.Oj
Tel. Sey. 8898. President, Robert Thom/
Vice-President, David Gillespie; Bee'y
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldaon. Victoria]
Branoh,  Room  11, Green  Bloek,  Broadj
Street, Vietoria, B.O. Phone 1908. _
President. R. P. Pettipiece; vlce-prea-l
ident, 0. F. Campbell; secretary-treasJ
urer, R. H. Neelanda, P.O. Box 88|
Meeta last Sunday of each month at
p.m. In Holden Building. 18 Hastlnga BI
UNION.   No.   118—President,   S.
Macdonald;    secretary-treaaurer,    J.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   889.     Meats   \%i
Thursday of *ach month.
Cabot Ahmirat*]
With Which Ii Incorporated
By the Lahor PnblliMng Co.
Business and Bditorlal Offlee,
1129 Hows St.
The Canadian Labor Advocate ia a tso~_
factional weekly newapaper, giving no-*
of the farmer-labor movement ln action!
1 ■      I.       .      I       I -H*^__-M..*v—^
Subscription Ratea: United Statea aad
foreign, 92.80 per year; Canada, fl
per year, $1 fer alx montha; te wis
subscribing In a body, 18s am
ber  per  month.
Member Th* Federated Praia Md  Tha]
Brltlih Labor Press iday; August 28, 1925
Page Five
Wis It Uncompromising?
TN our August 7th issue appeared a news item
•*■ regarding disclosures contained in the annual
report of the federal Department of Labor anent
the strike conducted hy the LW.W. in Cranbrook, B.C., early in 1924. The LW.W. have
sent us the following communication, which is
is herewith published along with our reply,
EDITOR  of a  labor newspaper, before he stoops to vll-
a  labor  organization,  should
especially  careful  as  to   the
hts;   for   lt  should   go   without
ying that the capitalist press do
fough  in that line of misrepre-
rcting the principles and activi-
_s of the labor movement.
In the Labor Advocate of August
a front page article of yours
(peared under" the caption "Lum-
rmen Give Bribe"; "Government
ifport   Makes   Startling  Discloses," was published, and as the
Ibery   charge   was   specifically
Irled against the I. W. W., it ls
this   organization   tp   defend
pmselves against the charge, and
|t you where you belong,
is the "Editor of the Labor Ad-
cate merely extracted  his  own
eludiced view from the govern-
ent report referred to, it would
well for the working class to
bw  exactly  what  It  contained.
le quote it here in full:
"Injunction Against LW.W.
[On January 1,  1924 a member
the  Cranbrook  branch  of the
W. I. U., 120, of the I. W. W.,
hs discharged by one of the lum-
Rr companies.    The only reason
(r hts dismissal according to the
jitement of the union being that
was a member of the I. W. W.
T'—tforts were made to have the
•.missed employee reinstated.
("The request was refused and a
?ifte wns called, ahd the follower demands were made on the
mpany: (1) Eifht hour day aw.
nnkets. (2) Minimum wage of
,0" a dav. (3. Release of Class
jr Prisoners. C4'> No dlscrlmina-
i asralnst members of the I.W.W.
_) No censorship of literature by
["The  workers  In   other  camps
fsponded to the strike call, and ln
|me  cases  all  the  men   ceased
["After the strike had been on
Ir about three weeks, the opera-
|rs endeavored to secure men
pm Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Jje union pickets were active dur-
K the strike and the lumber com-
Inles, lt was stated, found lt dif-
pult to operate.
["On February 26th, the opera-
rs served an Injunction on the
_t'U*ara and all  members  of the
r.W.   to   restrain   the   strikers
|om picketing, and the seven corn-
biles   Involved   asked   for  dam-
'.es aggregating (105,841.81.    At
nass meeting held ln Cranbrook
March 2nd, the strikers voted
i take the strike back on the .lob.*
l''On June 24th, when the lnlunc-
pn came up for-trlal, the Moun-
In     Lumbermen's     Association,
lth which the companies were af-
]ated. paid the I.W.W. the sum
J $2,450, to settle the case out of
KThe above is a complete and cor-
i_t report of this matter, but let
see what the lying, distorting
itor of the Labor Advocate has
fne.    He manipulates a govcrn-
T?nt report into a charge of brib-
agalnst the I.W.W, 'and then
Joceeds to use the opportunity to
f?ur  personal venom' against, an
{ganlzatlon which has been val-
ntly and uncompromisingly fight-
Ig the cause of the .working class
r the last 20 years.
The LW.W. fought this lnJune-
on, and won a battle for their
lln addition the claim for dam-
ges was withdrawn against them
ecause the lumbermen's associa-
|on found that they had not a
legal leg to stand on, and were
glad . to settle the matter out of
court by paying all expenses of the
I.W.W. lawyer. This they did because they did not want to face a
certain defeat If the case went to
Let it be said for the information
of the poorly-Informed editor of
the Labor Advocate, that the I. W.
W. lawyer received the money in
isettlement, and not a penny was
made out of this • case by the I.
W. W. Let it be said also that
the facts were published in the I.
W. W. press, and also the General
Office Bulletin, which Is circulated
among the members of the I.W.W.
There was so much publicity given
to this matter that no member of
the organization need be uninformed as to where this money went.
If the Editor ofthe Labor Advocate is so crassly ignorant of
labor activities, and makes up for
his lack of understanding by pouring abuse on those organizations
that do not agree with his despic-
lble methods, then we can say he
is not a fit person to represent
labor. Knowing his history, as we
do, we want to say that we have no
desire to imitate his methods. We
have enough to do to spread the
Idea pf industrial unionism so that
the working class will realize the
necessity of one big union for all
workers. If in the decaying stages
of craft unionism, those who seek
jobs in the labor movement have
to seek new fields for their operations we have tto concern. Sufficient It ls to sav that In this case
the editor has gone too far.
The article in quea1:! vi constitutes a gross libel on the I.W.W.,
and in order to let the editor down
' as easily as possible, we are willing to give him a chance to withdraw the charges in the article.
We are taking this attitude ln
the interests of the labor movement, but want It unde.S-iol that
further proceedings will be taken
unless proper retraction is made.
We regret having to do this to
protect ourselves from tr-o lying,
vlllifylng, unscrupulous tactics of
a member of our class who not
only lacks understanding of the
essentials of working class unity,
hut who has lost all conception of
fair plav on account of having an
axe of his own to .rind.
Siened bv the Vancouver branch
Secretary of the I. W. W.
metamorphosed into "lying* dis- Police Aid Clothing ■"-'■
torting, and villifying." r»     __       •    ra »__.   _._.
Tiie i. w. w. makesi_o denial     -Barons in Wage Fight
that the $2,450 was paid over, but:
Objects to it being called a bribe. CHICAGO—Anti-union justice in
They state the lawyers got the CMcaso was glaringly discredited
money, which doubtless they did. when the seoona aot of the lawless
Members of the legal profession Dollee ralds a*ainst th» Amalgam-
seldom work for nothing. Laird ated Clothing Workers came to an
and Lee's edition of Webster's die- end *n municipal court August 18.
tionary says as bribe ls "Something Other acts are to follow. Of the 62
given to influence unduly the judg- un,on membeTS unconstitutionally
ment or conduct," and although we
might argue whether that definition covers this case, yet no good
purpose can be served by* so doing.
The point we are concerned with,
the main question, that of settling
Geo. McCuaig
Phons Sty. 1070
748 Bichards Stnet. Vancouver, B.O.
swept ip by the detective dragnet
46 were discharged without police
protest because even the bitterly
prejudiced judge could not find
any pretext to hold them. But the
remaining 16, almost exclusively
the case out of court by accepting bu8lnt-,s--' agents of the union, were
a certain sum of money, ls Bome- ordered to furnish a total of $15,-
thing that involves the ethical 00° bonds on conspiracy charges,
codes of the labor movement. In- Hearing was continued to Aug. 21.
junctions are daggers that strike The workers held on bonds are
at the very heart of organized la- charged with conspiring to injure
bor_ They must be and generally non-union shops that have been
are fought wherever possible. Even trying to help the struck concern
the "poorly informed" editor of tfet out a part of its piled up orders,
the Labor Advocate, who is so Four are booked for material in-
"crassly ignorant of labor activi- *-ury and the rest for directing the
ties that, he requires information alleged conspiracy. Meanwhile
of doubtful value, could tell of Pickets continue on the firing line
dozens of Injunctions being fought to persuade the handful of pros-
today in the United .States,, by craft   Psctive   workers  to  abandon  the
unions  in   the   "decaying  stage,"  struck jobs.	
but. knows of none being settled out ~
of court.   That method is peculiar  ^andards.   To people of that psy-
to ''uncompromising" fighters. etiological vintage, everything from
When   the   Cranbrook   strikers  servlce to the labor movement, to
were served with an Injunction the .babbling in borrowed language the
words of a man they declaim, can
be expressed only in coin of the
SpaeUUtt la Trains for Mtn, Womon,
Childron wd infants
Phono Soy. isae
•80 Botaon Stroot, Vancouver, B.O.
28  Yeara  Established  In  Vwoonvor
Say you saw lt advertised In the
Vanconver Turkish Baths
Will  Onto  Yonr Bbeurastlsm,  -Lumbago, Neuritis ot B*d Oold
74* Hastings St. W. Phono Soy. 8070
Our Renly
When the I. W. W. made the
comnlaint aeainst the news item in
Question they were asked to nut
their answer "in a brief concise
form," and It would he published.
In replv thev claimed "the case
could not be prooerlv stated otherwise" than it appears in the foregoing, which is largelv Innuendo
directed aeainst an Individual.
It is obvious to all persons of
normal mentality, that the lumbermen "had. not a legal leg to
stand on." Had.the.law heen op
their .side the case would not have
been settled out of court. They
would ha^e establiah<i<l, beyond the
shadow of ..a doubt so far as British. Columbia ,1s. concerned, the le.-
gaittY of, "bJanket'Vlnjupcilons'and
Indemnity for. strike^. Xjia It ls'np
decision has been handed down.
ShouM. .a.,slmijar situation.,arlsje
next *y,eek the .lumbermen couldl K?.
they.so desired, repeat'Hi<» performance. nickVtinsr would he forbidden, and the strike broken before
the case eame un for trial. To snme
people an understanding of this
simple fact constitutes "Ignorance," ahd putting It In print ls
matter was immediately taken up
by the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, not because the I. W.
W. was Involved, but because it
was a matter affecting the entire
labor movement. Had the case proceeded further, doubtless they
would have assisted in the fight,
but the I. W. W. fought It out
alone, and "won a battle for
THEIR workers." Questioned as
to how he viewed the matter under
dispute, P. R. Bengough, Secretary
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, states that "Settling
an Injunction case out of court, by
the simple expedient of the employers paying legal costs, constitutes a betrayal of the principles of
organized labor."
Much more might be said on this
subject so vital to the labor movement,, but our readers are*sufficiently Intelligent to draw their
own conclusions, and we are content to let them judge.
We have no desire to "imitate"
our friends by introducing personalities into a matter of suoh
Importance, but personal remarks
having been made we must answer in kind.
Regarding the editor's history he
Is quite prepared to compare* that
with the history of any person,
not a member of organized labor,
who hangs around the'fringe's of
the labor movement, bawling'misunderstood phrases borrowed from
ten cent pamphlets, for the purpose of connecting with "nickles
and dimes" that fall in the hat at
collection time. If It served anv
useful purpose It mleht. even be
pointed out that. he has yet: to
sink to that depth of tnfamv where
he associates with a gane of organized . strikebreakers. He has vet
to be taken from a so-oa'le--. union
hall, under police proteotlon, to
scab on strlklne lon<*">h--*' >n
such as happened In Po-Hon*.. ,\**
ln 1A22. If It wm pern-mine to th=
subject lt mle-ht even he srtot*-"-*
"for the information" of th-v"-*
"unscrupulous members of onr
class.'1 who never had anv "mi*'««*
standing of the essentials of working, class unity," that the editor
does not rely for knowledsre unon
people whose .tsole ambition Is to
break u\_ tlio unity of labor uhiler
the specious slooran of unltinor the
workers In. one big body, hut nothing is to be gained from sueh re-
.marks so we shall refrain.
As for the-veiled Insinuation regarding jbb huntlrie'let iis Inform
the "poorly Ipforme'rl" p-ent.emen
whin acts as official "infc silnt»»f"
to the branch Seeretarv, that the
editor*' of this pftner does thtV titt't-:
I-IP' In* his -snare Hm*. n«*l I* nn..
paid for kl« worV T^af nt on"*--—*
Is somethlntr wM-*>i tr*i*,-i«*>-*i**
the comnreTVenoJun of i*"," «*•,»,
vision never rose above their master's    dollarfled,    prioe-he-tagged
YOU should not miss seeing
the wonderful new Coots,
new Tailored Suits ond new
Dresses now being shown st
"Famous." For quality they
are supreme—for value they
are   unbeatable.
019-623 Hastings Stroot Wost
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
CAN I continue to pay for this space and so help sustain
The   Labor Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through ignorance or
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great 'cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
1470 || ***V
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A- SPECIAL purchase enables us to offer this very
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A NEW LINE of genuine botany worsteds in a good
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Dependable shape-keeping garments with high-grade
workmanship and best trimmings throughout. Types
to fit the tall, the short, the stout and regular men.
Sizes 35 to 48. —Main Floor. Page Six
Friday, August 28,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Conditions Still Bad
Aboard C.G.M.M. Ships
•fHE S. S. "Canadian Scottish,"
under the command of Captain Porsen, who is reputed to be
a native of Rutherglen, near Glasgow, Scotland, arrived at Vancouver on Sunday, August 23rd, after
a voyage of over 4 months, during
which, the crew state, conditions
were simply abominable combined
with ruthlessness on the part of
the master and chief engineer, who
were compelling the men to work
overtime without pay, under the
threat of logging their hard earned wages.
Many of the crew joined the
ship in Glasgow, where quite a
few of those who joined the ship
at Vancouver terminated forever
their connection with vessels like
those of the Canadian Government
Merchant Marine Limited. The
men who left the ship at Glasgow,
were part of the crew who came *o
Vancouver on the S. S. "St. Margaret," now the S. S. "Prince
Charles, trading on the coast of
B. C, on behalf of the C. G. M. M.
The new men, who were all very
good and capable seamen, state
that never before did they endure
such trying conditions as existed
aboard the "Scottish" on the e-
tur'n trip. There was a complete
shortage of tea, sugar, coffee, and
potatoes. The cook complained
that the flour was not fit to bake
with. The men selected one of the
crew to go to the Captain about
the matter, and when he approached the skipper, that individual
stated that the men were under
the spell of an agitator, Evidently
none other than Captain Forsen)
but that he would look into the
matters which were causing the
One of the few excuses put to the
men was that the ship's chandler
North Vancouver, B.C.
The secretary of the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada, paid a
visit to the Wallace Shipyards,
where the S. S. "Rochelle," of the
Kingsley Navigation is undergoing
repairs. The chief gave orders to
have some boiler scalers -go to
work on Wednesday morning August 26th.
While at the North Shore a visit
was paid to the new steamship
the "Lady Cynthia"-of the Union
Steamship Company of B. C, at
the request of some of the seamen
who were working aboard that
vessel helping to prepare the ship
for the Coastal trade.
The men aver that they were
working day work at the rate of
fifty cents an hour until Tuesday,
August 25th, when they received
word from the 1st mate that they
were to be put on sea pay, in accordance with orders he had received from the head office at
Vancouver. Sea pay, according to
Captain Walker, the shore skipper,
meant that the men were to be
paid at the rate of sixty-five dollars per month with board and bed.
When Captain-Walker was interviewed on Wednesday morning
about the matte'-, he stated that it
was customary to reduce the quartermasters, winchmen, lookout
men and paint scrubbers to the
pay of deck hands while any of
the ships were up for repairs.
This means that the seamens*
wages are reduced when the vessels are taken off the run for repairs. Many of the seamen on the
ships operated by the Union Steamship Company of B. C. are unorganized.
The patrolman, Wm. Morgan,
went aboard the tug "Commodore"
on Tuesday, and asked the chief
engineer if he required any men
for the ship. His reply was: "That
he did not want any union men
under any consideration." We be-
had failed to put aboard five hun- lieve this chief engineer is a mem-
dred pounds of beef that had been ber of the Marine Engineers' Unordered. Note where possibility of ion, but he does not seem to know
graft creeps in when meat is order-  anything  about  the  principles  of
ed from a ship's chandler.
76 Hastings East
Late   54th   Batt.  and  72nd Batt.
(By W. Francis Ahern.)
WELLINGTON, New Zealand.—
Thanks to the 100 per cent, organization of New Zealand's seamen,
deportation of labor organizers
and industrial radicals is a different story than in the United States.
Because he headed a strike of
seamen and won concessions for
them from the shipowners, the
government decided to deport a
young radical named Noel Lyons
from New Zealand. Lyons told the
government he saw no reason why
he should leave.
When the ^government sought to
deport him by force, the seamen
informed the authorities that no
vessel would sail from New Zealand if Lyons was placed on board.
As the only method of exit is by
steamer, manned by unionists, the
government found itself ln the ridiculous position of having served
a deportation notice, yet unable to
put It into force. For a whole
month it tried* to get Lyons out of
the country, first persuading then
' threatening. But Lyons went about
his ordinary business.
Nine Months ln Jail
Finally the government had Lyons arrested and sent to jail for
nine months for "failing to obey
a deportation order." The New
Zealand unionists are highly elated because they succeeded in preventing the deportation. Meetings
are now demanding his release
from prison.
At this very moment the Australian anti-labor government Is
aiming to deport radicals, according to a bill just introduced; it
will give the government power
to treat its critics as criminals.
The representatives of capitalism see the labor movement
triumphing and have hit on deportation, hoping that when the
workers see their leaders deported
they will cease their fight.
The bill provides that "on the
proclamation issued by the governor-general that there exists in
Australia a serious industrial disturbance prejudicing or threatening the peace, order or good government pf the country, the minister may deport any person not
Australian-born who is concerned
ln aets prejudicial to the public
interest and the maintenance of
Aimed at Radicals
The  measure  is  aimed   mainly
Another Logging Company Burn
T AST WEEK the Deep Cove Log- wardens,   making   their   way
ging   company   went   up   in  through the smoke towards th
smoke, losing four donkeys and all  How the old buck hoisted his Ol
their equipment. This fire, which
Alderman Rogers might describe
as "an act of God," was a timely
Godsend to the company. A few
more days logging would have finished the operations of the company ln this district. If they were
insured,   the   Insurance   company
form up the hill is a mystery,
less the two fire wardens bool
him up.
After mopping  the sweat,
gasping like a newly caught
flsh for a few minutes, he manai
to regain sufficient breath to
"G  d  it,  what have
will doubtless stand the loss of the  fellows been doing all day?   Th
four worn out donkey engines that  men could have done as much
after years of service have long the whole gang have done,'
ago repaid their original cost. a little more on the same subj
Having been engaged in fighting Then, "Who is bossing this jol
the flames at this camp the writer  One   of the  conscripts  answei
can  vouch   for  what   took  place
there.    The fire warden appeared
on the secene of the flre about 10
p.m.,   three  hours  after  the  fire
started.    He  had   a  look   round,
"I'm da sure the man whc
doing all the talking around h
isn't bossing me. I was broui
here by the government agai
my will," and pointing to the
"Can't do anything here to*, wardens, "there are the men
night. Will bring some men up
in the morning," and I suppose
went home to bed.
The fire was then at the "yarder," which was at considerable
distance from the other machines.
Three hdurs later the fire reached
them. The fire warden was back
on the job next morning with a
gang of unemployed, conacrinted
from the gates of the Wallace
Shipbuilding Yard, North Vancouver. Some of these were married
men who were not even given time
to inform their families that they
had been kidnapped by the government.
After the ..arrival of these men
are in charge around here.   W
the h are you butting in fo
This took the wind out of
Buck's sails, and turning to
fire wardens he said: "W61_
can't give orders to these m
Tou fellows will have to stay w
them and see that they work,
senior warden, not being a
script who wanted to lose his
and probably thinking a little ko
towing would smooth the ruffi
dignity ot Buck, then took 1
stump: "Well fellows, thts is 1
Buck's property, and he is payi
the cost of the fire. He has
men on the.job to our 16, so J
will have to take orders from
the eompany let all their higher Buck." This appeared to moll
paid men go, but refused to pay off Buck and he took his way back
the   firemen,   wood-buckers,   and   camp.
others on low wage rates. Twenty-
five cents an hour conscripts from
the Flre Warden's gang were
transferred to the company's pay
roll to take the place of the higher paid men who were let go.
On the third day of the fire, a
gang of 15 men, cutting a flre
break on the crest of the mountain,
■were surprised to see Mr. Buck,
ex-president of the Loggers' Association, accompanied  by two fire
organized labor.
Shipping has been very brisk
this last week, and members are
urged to stay away from any of
the ships that are taking whites at the raaicals and at union lead
to replace Chinese as it is only a ers ln th* shipping strike. Labor
temporary measure to defeat the members in the federal parliament.
Chinese. ^ are mating a furious attack on the
measure, but it is likely to pass.
LAST Thursday 6 A. B.'s on the The anti-Labor government has
C. P. R. coastal steamer, the the majority. When Labor gets
"Princess Charlotte," had ocassion control of parliament at the elec-
to go to the mate requesting over- tlons in a few months this denor-
time, after having worked seventy-
eight hours in a week. The reply
from the mate was to the effect
that there would be no overtime
paid. The men then approached
the superintendent, Mr. McMurray,
and explained the matter to him
It appears from  this that
wardens,    like    the    governmei
which employ them, take their
ders from the B. C. Loggers'
One thing more. I would
to see the Editor of the "Ds
Province," who bleats about inc<
diaries making work for the
selves by starting fires, put In
few hours, at two bits an ho
fighting flre. I think his idi
would undergo consldera
Dad Gilmartin has been discharged from the General Hospital,
and fortunately there are no others
from the organization ln the hospitals at present.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
tatlon bill will be repealed. Labor
councils in all the Australian states
have protested and premiers of
the state Labor governments have
issued protests against the bill. "•
with the result that after Mr. McMurray had analysed the situation,
he stated the men owed the shin
an hour and a half, instead of
claiming overtime: and If they did
not like that arrangement they
could have the alternative pf leaving the ship. The men were not
organized but came to the union
hall to lodge their complaint
against the union for not taking
some form of action. The moral
ip to get organized and squawk
with something at the back of it,
instead of getting a knock first
and then crying about It afterwards.
Many enquiries have been made
for J. Fowler, who missed his passage on the S. S. Canadian Ranger
at Victoria, B. C.
There is a scarcity of organized
sailors and firemen at present, and
many calls are being made for capable men on jobs that are not
scabbing on the Chinese.
Enquiries can be made at The
Federated Seafarers' . Union of
Canada, Rooms 5, 6 and 7, Flack
Building, 163 Hastings Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Cor. »Homer and Hastings St.
When I take into consideration
the-.»gony of ehnttwd life, the .tenures, - the anxieties, the tears, the
withered hopes; tha- bitter; realities,
th-s hunger, the crime, the humiliation, the shame. I am almost forced
to say that cannibalism, after all,
Is the most merciful'form ln whieh
man has lived npon his fellow man,
Mall is at the office for the following members:
Bell, A,; Beckett, Hi; Erickson,
C". J.; Evans, Leo.; Fisher, H;
Gesachy, j.; Harris,Xf.; Henderson,
C.; Hewett, C.; Horn, *R.; libit, G.
W.; Jtmes, R. N.; Knox, A.; "Kirk,
M.j JOssock, X: Maekay, J. Mahoney, G.; Maddlgan'.M.; Morgan, D.;
Mcfi'onald, J.; b'JSeil, J.; Osborne,
:'W.;- Pattlson, *fi.; I&tftrtfin. *G.;
T>i«h, A.; "Threlfall, -"«. Jl; T^rfatt.
C; Talt, D. S.; Tfibmas, J. "If.';
Thean, W.; Tulk, B.; William's, A.;
Williams, J.; Worrall, W.; Woreil,
Patronize Our Advertisers
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick 8ti-r.ee for BtpUri
AU Work Ouiutood
Sptoitl Atttntlon to Hell Orion
H. Harvey
E.Ubliih.d ln Vtneouvtr In 1197
68  CORDOVA  STREET W. May, August 28^ 1925
S-- .   I     til ! I i    ____________
fbor Party Praises
; Trade Union Congress
[British Labor Press Service)
^ondon—A   recent   meeting   of
Parliamentary   Labor   Party
ed the following resolution:
|That this meeting of the Par-
dentary Labor Party congratu-
the General Council of the
[Ides   Union   Congress   on   the
Ipndid manner in which lt rend-
assistance to the Miners' Fed-
dtion, and mobilized Trade Union
sion   in   connection   with   the
patened stoppage in the mining
This meeting desires to place on
lord its high appreciation of the
(ignificent   solidarity   shown   in
ranks of all sections  of the
or movement in support of the
Stimate claims of the miners to
Living wage and decent conditions
'labor; and expresses the deter-
|natlon of the Parliamentary La-
Party to stand  by the Mln-
Federatlon and their members
[their gallant resistance to the
jtempt  to  reduce  their  already
wages   and   increase   their
Irking hours."
Page Seven
©Us (ftmtnfrB labor Jferos
Labor Alone Can Set
Irish Workers Free
(By Len De Caux, Federated
Geneva protocol, international labor      legislation,      interdominion
DUBLIN.—"A politically united
Ireland, with due freedom and
full rights for every section of the.
people, will come.    It will come
British Trade Unions when labor is established in pow-
  „       er both in Belfast and ln Dublin,
(By Len De Caux, Federated      but not u» then-"  said William
preBg) O'Brien   in   the   presidential   ad-
trade relations,  conditions of In-      LONDON. — That
dress   at  the   annual   conference
T ONDON.-British    empire    * IT^TT'^-TiT ? 1*'      LONDON—That     unemployed of the Irish Labor Party and the
__ dian labor in the British colonies, members   have   been   helped   by X   V    TT .   ±Jauul ****•'
British commonwealth? dash- atrial   legislation   and   labor British trade unions to the extent Tr**es ™°n ??**?_  ■*..
es of opinion as to the nature of protection ln the mandated terri- tf $150,000,000 out of their accu-        ., "® Prowem, ac-
the empire were revealed at the tories, were discussed at thts con- mulated funds during the present oord*nB t0 ° Brlen-  ls unemPl°y-
-,____._ ^ w^ ^Yt at_r        ix. riflA      oil      -_**r_ll t\ H       l_ T_H       _ inn
conference of labor, delegates from ference   of   labor   delegates   from trade crisis, was one of the facts
all over the empire who met In Ireland, Australia, British Guiana, that came out at the special Brlt-
Londam at what la officially en- Canada,     India,     Newfoundland, ish Trades Unio,n congress held in
titled  the  British  commonwealth Palestine and South Africa. Only London July 24 to deal with un-
labor  conference.    Ramsay Mac- one   resolution—calling   for   self- employment.   Representatives from
Donald,   who   presided   over   the government for India—was  pass- the   miners  and   textile   workers
ment,  while  all  round  land  and
machinery lies Idle.
Paterson,   N.    J.—(FP)—Small
increases per yard on the poorer
«.  av.*_--.-_.w.v   »w»    »•—«•>      ...*_.    i*w»-    mo     mttttsstt    anu     textile     irunvom    errnrtoo    nf    n.llr    srnnttrt    hnvo    hpon
opening session, stated that the ed, apd after that no resolutions reported at the congress on the ***"! °* fn_ Q,n? L"v™ I!
Labor party was the flret party or declarations were allowed. The crises in their respective Indus- f*"T „/ JyJ™ nM^l «mT
to take any keen Interest in the conference   discussed   in   private, tries,  and three resolutions were  p„    Work nn fh^Ltter «nL rl
3^2_TS_*S in ^ rSS b6inHg °TtT ff ^ PaBBed °n unemp^raent' which mains at the old rates. Loomfixers
tne   expression  In   the   sense  of opening speeches of the chairman, met   with    criticism    only   from
"the co-operative unity of nations,
and coiiiiiug nations."
Purcell and Swales
are still out demanding an Increase
PoUtlcal Relationships ^ose who thought that stronger  of $B a weeki t0 brlng theif pay
Two   questionnaires  have   been aotlon should be *»**•
prepared as a basis for discussion      The ™°**tio™ ca"ed f°r ami°-
to $50.
A. B. Swales and A. A. Purcell,  at the next conference.   The first
able    diplomatic    relations    and
lemployed Attacked
By British Cabinet
((British Labor Press Service)
9NDON—"You are driving down
ir people as far as you can. This
[the wickedest Bill that was ever
\t on the Statute Book of this
(This simple, yet eloquently ex-
essive declaration, made by Miss
ften Wilkinson, summed up Lair's united condemnation of the
avernment's attack on the unem-
j>yed. -      ""
Fhanks to his huge majority, Mr.
(ddwin succeeded in forcing
rough its final Parliamentary
States his Bill for reducing Unem-
oyment Benefit by £6-^million
though not before Labor had en-
ed every possible protest against
inhuman and unnecessary pro-
IWhether    Mr.    Baldwin    feels
pud of what he has done for the
(employed is a matter that can
hveniently  be  left  to   his  own
Enservative conscience.   He heard
lite enough from the labor ben-
lbs during the debate to convince
that his action was about as
Jlous as any politician could have
..posed—and yet he did not see
to   withdraw   or   modify   his
heme in any single particular.
[Consequently   the    unemployed
(_n, although he may have been
ntributing for years to the In-
k-ance Fund, and although he will
|ve to recommence contributing
soon as he obtains employment,
[to be deprived of his benefits, at
Jtlme when he needs them most—
|at is, after he has spent an ex-
rtded period on the registers of
Ie Employment Exchange.
chairman and vice-chairman of deals with Inter-commonwealth Sreater trade faculties with all
the British Trades Union con- political relations and the recop- oountriea. including Russia; congress, who presided over later oiliation of equality of status and demned the government for its
sessions, both delivered smashing self-government, on the part of -P1,0*008111*- t0 curtail unemploy-
attacks on British Imperialism. states which are members of the ment beneflt- and oalled for the
Swaies declared that the reality commonwealth with the exigen- utmost Dressure t0 ™ b™BM oa
of imperialism is "the expioita- oles o£ tt uni'j:ied torelgn poiicy the government, stating that if return and oppression of the weaker for Great Britain, and possibill- drf8 * ??."peedIly '"f^Tf WWT__tVwItWtU PT ATPS
peoples and the intenstticatlon of ties contingent on war.    The sec-  labor wiU    be comDelled t0 take VEHICLE NUMBER PLATES
commercial rivalries that lepd to ond   deais   with   suoject   peoples suon aotion as oondltlonB and °P       """"  """ 	
war.''   Purcell described the Brit- and the application ot the prip- portunity dictate-"
isli   empire   as   "one   huge   slave olpies of self-government and self- ~
plantation   of   the   British   ruling determination,    how    tp    prevent Radical Changes For
class-" their    exploitation   and    promote. ■»'-■.,, »,     -.	
British Labor Party tw^D,5rtt,Wrta«*.
EmI*ration their   education,   and   other  race
Interdominion    emigration    the problems.
SEALED TENDERS, marked "Tender
for Motor Vehicle Number Plates,"
will be received by the undersigned up
to noon, Monday, Auguat 81»t, 192S,
(or the furnishing of
60,000 pairs Motor Vehicle Number
50 Single   Demonstration Motor Cycle
Number  P.ates,
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—Thg agenda for the -1*000 s*r***» Trailer Plates,
twenty-fifth annual Conference of p.^'^d ^.led tnTe^r.Llf fi"
_,..  ...__.   .._.._   _              __ „.  t   end
.       „„       . .,     ..         ...     , on at a high temperature with guaran-
tember 29 and the three following teed  permanent  colors,  whioh  will  not
days, is now complete. a*£ or peel off.
LODON—Even     the     capitalist       a ,„-.„ „„„*,._ „f „m_.„/i-„_.„._  .,,_. _.™**<>   -Print? .showing   exact   tlie, of
Scraping To Baldwin Would-be Dictators
Bad Form in Glasgow Look ijke Monkeys the Labor Party't0 be held at st- i»-*i^™«w™wTtrua"priina°ry,"coat
 ,                                                     George's Hall, Liverpool, on Sep- *8n.» "»*_•' i.'lL*™?!.™™61^
GLASGOW—Bailie Angus Mac- "(British Labor Press Service)
DoUgall,  of Glasgow,  who retires      LODON Bven     the     nanitHhsy       . ,                                ,            _, «.»=   ...«■   ,„„,».   OJVTO.   >»»   «.
this November, has had a some- p^Z  unable  to say a Snd      ^ °«6 fr«s of amendments,  he Piate. .nd'".l_ l^m.fion\.\oTeigh't
„h.t _,,,,„ _„.,,._,„_     „,._ .     . P-B was  unal"e  t0 say a mna great majority of which are of a °f metal, coloring, packing, etc., may be
what rude awakening,    ahe local word   for   the   National   Fascisti, flBr)dedIv   r„rti0„i   rhnrafter    «.„. nad from •**<> Superintendent of Provln-
Camlachie   Branch   of   the   I.L.P., wh0Se imitation ot the Italian mod- de,clde<"y   radlcal   onarao'er.   c0"" clal Police, Victoria, B.C., Assistant Su-
wh„ m,**   ._,_r.«„_thi    ..... ui wnose imitation oi tne Italian mod- tain8   three   to   amend   the   party perintendent Owen, Provincial Police Qf-
who were responsible for his nom- el appears to be the sort of enter- oonatltutior, bv a chanee of name «■">.  Ccu" Hollse   Vancouver,  B.C.,  or
ination, have retused to again put prise deservin«t  of the attentions ?ons"tu"on by a cnanf o£ ,name the undersigned.
him forward     Mr  John Youn/ a ,       deserving  or  tne  attentions to the Socialist Party, by insisting Sample Plates must accompany tender
™?i Wnln    ^f/:   ?,„L^7       * 0t * mental sPeclalist on local affiliation as a qualifica- -™1 Contractor will be re,uired to ...p-
well-known    trade    unionist    and „,h_  xT„n„„„,   ™„„„,„n  „, ,_   _ _,       .          _,      ,     __■„ __            _, Ply  additional  plates,   if  any  required,
member of Glaseow Parish Coun- 6  Nat,onal  Fascistt claim  to tion   for   national  affiliation,   and Su.ing  the  period   of   contract,   it  his
u_ «ic«.bu™ ™»» •-«"» be   pre-eminently   anti-alien   and by the demand for an uncompro- original, tender price,
cil,   was  nominated   against   him nntrintlp   „„„ thov hMlrl hv __t_ J,_lr._ _,„___ f„ ol1 ^0_lD,„„„ _ KBl-plates MANUFACTURED IN
and carried the  branch votes  by
27 to 13.
patriotic, and they begin by get-  mlslng adherence to all decisions pj^perence"
committee of eight members
[the National Union of Railway-
bn,  including four members of
|e executive committee, has been
pointed* to carry out a resolu-
In of the annual general meeting
btructing the  executive  to  ap-
Viach the Associated Society of
Lcomotive   Engineers   and   Fire-
fen and the Railway Clerks' As-
Jciation with a vlea^to knowing
Ider what conditions, i' any, they
Ie prepared to amalgamate with
le N.U.R.
ting themselves up in a garb which by Party conferences.                         BRITISH COLUMBIA WILL BE GIVEN
is not "national" in any country The affiliation of the Commun-                       JAMES PATTERSON.
MacDougall, whilst acting in the   of the world (unless there is some lst party and of movementa allied  Parliament Buildings,
nbsence of the Lord Provost, made   hitherto   undiscovered   community to   the   Communist   Party  is   de-         Victoria, B.C., Aug. 12th, 1925.
a    very    "nice"    speech    recently  0f organ-grinders' monkeys knock- manded by nearly 10 branches,
granting thex freedom of the city   ing  about   in  the   hinterlnnds   of Foreign Policy is the subject of
to Mr.  Baldwin.    This,  combined  Wembley), and by posturing in the a  large  number  of anti-war and
with  his  general  attitude  during streets armed with swords, a fash- anti-imperialistic   amendments   of
the last builders' dispute (he is a  ion not remarkably characteristic an explicit character,
building contractor), in which he  of Englishmen, whose sense of hu- A number of branches urge that
remained a loyal member of the  mor usually guards them against no  labor  government  should   be
Masters' Association, has convinced  this kind ot eccentricity. formed   in  future  except  with  a
the I. L. P. that they would be      whftt glr wmiam Joyn80n_Hicks working majority in parliament,
much better without him.                   woula  aay  if any seoti(m  o£ the Agriculture, Housing and Unem-
Mr. Young now goes forward to  iab0r movement acted ln this way ployment, all figure prominently in
the   Selection   Committee   as   the  <.an pretty well be guessed.    He the agenda.
nominee of the I. L. P., and with  WOuld say—Well, it would be more ■	
the entire aproval and support of  incoherent than usual, and so isn't where  liberty  is  not,  there Js
his union.                                          even worth guessing at. my country.—Thomas Paine.
The  members  of  the  Glasgow 	
I. L.  P. are determined to flght  „ ,   -j,     u fit    U
all compromisers in their ranks—  -PMnCft JtSanK 1/lerKS
be they big or small.
WHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will  prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Show Good Solidarity
(By Federated Press)
  PARIS—The  general  strike   of
bank    clerks    that    has    spread
WASHINGTON. —Liberation   of throughout  Pl.ance  and   now  in-
the masses of wage workers ln all volves more ^ 2o,ooo employees,
Latip-American countries, so that ls evidence of a fighting spirit and
their  idealistic   political  constltu- sondarity  that   has  usually  been
tions  may begin to mean  Some- thought impossible to arouse among
thing ln the dally life of the peo- white-collared workers.   Even the
pie, is the mission set for itself conB6rvative Catholic federation of
by the  Pan-American Federation bank ernployees called its members
Of Labor,  in, a manifesto  which out and although there are three
Santiago   Iglesias,   Spanish-speak- rivai unions Involved, a strike com-
[LONDON—The total number of
fersons registered at employment
ureaus in Great Britain and north*
fn Ireland as unemployed on May
\, 1925, was approximately 1,253,-
00 which was 2,000 greater than
lie number of unemployed regls-
|red on April 27, 1925. By June
1925, the figure had fallen to
L247.306, which is the lowest num-
ler of unemployed during 1926.
ing secretary, is sending throughout Latin America from,Washington headquarters, \
mitte   has been formed representing all tendencies and the three
organizations are working side by
___    __   . , side almost without friction.
Strip the: bishop of his apron, The strike, which is for a $5 (10U
the counsellor of his gown, and the francs) per month raise in wages
beadle of his cocked hat, what are started in Marseilles the end of
they? Men, mere men. Dignity, July and spread to Paris, where lt
and even holiness too sometimes, is now almost complete, only one
are more questions of coat and large bank being unaffected. It
waistcoat than some people lma- has since spread throughout the
glne.—Dickens. provinces.
No Drugs Used ln Examination
•THIS advertisement means high-
•*■   grade   glasses,   with   a   thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will  find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of   all   work  turned
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
680 Bobson Street
Phone Sey. 8955 Pag* Eight
Friday, Angtist 28,-18
The Summerland Summer School
Children Driven From     Machinists' Organizer
School By Necessity    Is Freed From Charges
(By Dr. W. J. Curry.)
FOR the benefit of those who
may be planning an auto trip
to the Summer School next year,
and who are unaware of the distance, I will say that our speedometer shows that there and return is something over 1000 miles.
We did each way in two days,
but a little more time for the trip
would be. better. Our car, with
W.J.C. junior at the wheel, honked the horn and pulled up in
front of the celebrated Log Cabin
on Monday morning, August 17th.
A discussion qp some fine
points in Sociology was on at the
time, but the anival of our party,
and the sight of our dust-covered
car, piled up with grips and
camping outfit, brought the proceedings to an abrupt termination,
and the welcome we received was
in line with the genial sunshine
and delightful surroundings which
this "Haven of Rest" suggested.
The peace and plenty, especially
of fruit, which reigned around
Jack's Log Cabin, seemed so foreign to the closs struggle and
man's ignoble strife in the cities
that we no longer wonder why
fruitgrowers express their satisfaction, or at least hope for the
future, by voting Conservative.
The California of Canada
Summerland well describes the
Okanagan Valley, which Is doubtless the California of Canada, for
we learn that summer lasts from
March to October, that even with
the white mantle of snow covering the mountains sunshine prevails, and only the limited possibilities retards the Invasion of
men and women who are seeking
sunshine a,nd prosperity.
The Log Cabin and the other
buildings superintended by the
manager of the Summer School
nestle close together under a
grove of birch and maple trees,
through which a lovely brook
crossed by rustic bridges joyfully
ripples Its way to the great Okanagan Lake, which is nearly 100
miles long and is doubtlessly one
of the most beautiful bodies of
water in Canada.
Art and Handicraft ,
But the Log Cabin, besides be-
ipg the centre where Sociological
problems are arranged, and disarranged, is also a centre of Art
and Handicraft and the repository
of an excellent display of pottery, rugs, curtains,' wickerwork,
and numerous other varieties of
workmanship. In fact, Comrade
Logie has fathered an Art Society
and the centre of production
where the shade of Wm. Morris
might revel in ecstacy.
The evening we arrived Comrade Logie delivered his very suggestive and controversial address
entitled "Ghandi, or Ford," ths
former representing hand-production as a method of combatting
capitalism, the other representing
the most Intensive and aggressive
features of machinery, the enslaving of forces, which have no
backs to ache nor hearts to m-eak.
A very spiriied dlBCUssiqn followed this address, the consensus of
opinion being that, although hand
production would be of great
value, and might especially function during the breakdown of
capitalism in certain localities,
yet the logical course of evolution
and the example coming from Soviet Russia proves that, not evasion and "inon-co-operation" with
capitalism, but conquest of political and industrial power by the
workers is the solution to the
present problems of mankind.
Labor ln Parliament
Harry Neelands, our M. L. A.,
was the next arrival, and gave an
interesting, if not optimistic review of Labor activities in the
House, and of the difficulties which
a Labor man experiences when opposing the obvious position occupied by the political executives of
Each morning a discussion on
some scientific, or social problem
was taken up. During the afternoon an hour or so was given to
the children when the plastic mind
of youth was impressed with some
plain, yet interesting, and vital
truths of working class philosophy.
'"Mrs. Henderson specialized on
this work with marked success,
while the afternoon before we said
goodbye, Jack had a large assembly of boys and girls of all ages
reclining' on the grass under the
shade trees, where ih view of the
sunlight throwing shadows of
mountain bluffs, and majestic
pines and cotton wood in the Lake,
he, in picturesque language told
Indian legends, and stories of the
myths, and miracles, and battles
of the Indians of the Valley, who
are now rapidly vanishing before
ihe onslaugh, and blight which ac
companies civilization.
Evolution of Man
The addresses on the "Evolution
of Man," and "Poets of Revolt,"
were well received. The pictures
of some of our Simian relatives,
and pre-human ancestors and the
comparison of Creation and Evolution, evoked a lively discussion. It
was evident, that many present
had looked on the descent of man
merely as a joke, and their mental
equilibrium and religious tendencies were considerably disturbed
by the evidence produced.
Among the other diversions enjoyed, besides sleeping under canvas and the gastronomic features
of a picnic three times a day, were
canoeing, swimming, and mountain
This, the final week of the session, others are scheduled to arrive, among them E.T.K., the
"Daddy of them all," also a car
load of radicals from Winnipeg,
and a Red Musical Director, and
his Glee club from Penticton.
It seems as if the Log Cabin, and
Summer School, are destined to increase in popularity, until these
bScome the Mecca where in fraternal communion, many weary workers in the great cause will meet,
and while resting in the luxury of
these surroundings, will Increase
their understanding, and strengthen their determination to continue
the fight.
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Prom the industrial conference board—the super-federation * of employers for
purposes of propaganda—comes
the surprising announcement that
their own survey of child labor
conditions In the United States
shows that economic necessity is
tlie leading factor in sending young
boys and girls to work in factories
and on farms. The next important reason for their going to work
is declared to be lack of interest
in I'l'.ir school courses. The board
admits that the real problem is
"party one of raising the earning
power and standard of living of
the wage earner." But it says that
this becomes a problem of further
increasing the efficiency of production. With higher production, better schools can be provided. Child
labor, It finds, is not profitable to
the employer. The turnover is
high and so is the accident rate.
Automatic machinery tends to replace "less skilled and less mature" labor in times of high wages
and demand for increased production.
NEW HAVEN, Conn.—Anarchy
does not necessarily mean overthrow of the government by force
or other unlawful means, ruled
Chief Justice George W. Wheeler
in reversing the five-year sentence
imposed by Judge Newell Jennings on Ernest Schleifer, organizer of the International Machinists' Union, who was originally
convicted for the inciting of striking New Haven shopmen during
the 1920 railway shopcrafts strike.
The question of education is
the modern world a question,
life or death, a question on wh|
depends the future.—Ruskin.
Send in Your Subscription Today.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
101-408  Metropolitan   Building
8S7 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour 6660 and 6667
The Imperial
Shoe Store
Opp, Standard Furniture Co^
WE WANT to draw theJ
attention of all uniorf
men and their wives' to the!
are offering in POOTWEAR1
for MEN, WOMEN andj
You can positively effect j
a big saving by buying your J
boots here. Fair and squares'!
treatment at all times.
Shoes For Everybody
NEW TORB—(FP)— Chinese
students will take the lead here as
they have in China in arousing
their fellow countrymen to definite
action toward national freedom.
They will attempt to keep America
informed on developments in China. Foreign missionary schools are
opposed in China by the students
because they attempt to wean away
students from Chinese life and culture.
Sey. 486 32 Hastings St. E.
the Electric Shop Ltd.
Sey. 6789 414 Hastings St. W.
Union Means Strength
But Just As Surely
Frith Means Saving
TV7E use our utmost care
and caution in selecting
goods that will be serviceable
and satisfactory to our
See us for right values in Boys'
School  Boots.
Men's   Solid   Leather   Work
Boots       84.95
Men's  Trench  Rain Coats,   $9.76
Men's    All - Wool    Knitted
Vests   81.96
Boys'   All-Wool   Hand   Knit
Sweaters,   values   to   $3.60,
special    $2.60
Men's   Military   Grey   Work
Shirts ..-  $1.16
Muleskin Work Oloves  36c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boyi'   -Furnishings,
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
We   support   your   paper.
Where do you buy your
Painting Supplies?
Prepare for the winter rains'
with a coat of good  paint j
and get that cosy effect. See]
our finished samples andj
use our free estimate ser-*y
vice  on  paints  and  panels.
Gregory & Reid]
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings E. j
TT looks as though our wet weather is start-
• ing in early.  Our stock is prepared with—
Raintest  Shirts  $6.80
Raintest  Pants  |5.00
Rubber Coats  $0.00
Short Rubber Coats  $4.25
Rubber Pants  $4.25
Long   Coats  $8.00
Oil Clothing
Shorts    $3.00
K  Long  $5.50
Long  $6.00
Mackinaw Shirts, Carss, $0.50
Carss Grey Pants  $7.00
Grey Kersey Pants  $5.00
Gum Boote
Short  $4.50
Medium  ..-. _.  $5.50
Long   $7.00
Laced     $4.00
Carss Sporting Mackinaw
Shirt    $12.50
Men's Heavy Underwear,  per
suit   $2.50
Stanfield's    Underwear,     per
suit, up from  $3.00
G.   W.   G.   Semi-Waterproof
Shirts   $8.50
Headlight Overalls and Shirts Are  the Best—Union  Label
Used Cars
pOR ONE WEEK ONLY we will sell you
a car without any cash payment, providing buyer satisfies us as to his financial
Payments can be made weekly or monthly to suit you.
We only have a few cars on which these
terms apply.  First come, first served.
Pattison Motors Ltd
1365 GRANVILLE ST.  Sey. 7405


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