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The Canadian Labor Advocate Mar 25, 1926

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 The Canadian
j The Week's New.
^.Suppressed  Informotlon.. 1
/hat Immigrants Oet ..., 1
I. Fleecing Loggers  1
Vjlubber King Flouted .... 5
[Class Conflicts ln Britain 5
or Advocate
With Which Is Incorporate THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Special Articles
Book  Review     1
Immigration    1
Labor Unions in Russia J
Britain and Locarno   1
Loose Screws and  Nuts E
" VANCOUVER, B. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 25th. .926.
5eACOIT
What Immigrants Get  Loggers 6et Fleeced Suppressed Information
II11UI   lllllillQiu CATHOLIC HOSPITAL REAPS BENEFIT ll  . 	
BLESS GIRL IMMIGRANT DRIVEN INTO SUICIDE BY
STARVATION — DISABLED EX-SOLDIER IS
REWARDED WITH A BED IN JAIL
!L(UHY, Alta. — Just as the farm laborers. The local press has
dally pres was heralding the ar- poured oil on their wrath by re-
1 In Canada of huge shipments latlng how one man whon chal-
_mlgrants to help fill "Canada's lenged as to his farming abilities
spaceB," Miss F. H. Barr, a said he could handle ten horses. The
Ie of Glasgow, Scotland, who clerk objected that he had stated
employed at the C.P.R. hotel when applying for relief that he wias
anft last summer, committed ""flt for farm work, to which the
le here by cutting her throat applicant retorted: "That niust.have
a butcher knife because she •»■■» a mistake. I'm a bear-cat at
farm work,"
Ib Barr had been uneniyiuyeu There are still 186 men receiving
tome time, snd was destitute of relief, but it is reported that tho
ft, but would not ask for relief, government Intends to close down
fellow roomers tried to aid her  on this ln a few days.
|st they could, but her spirit re-  •
1 against having to accept ot-  Educational Work
(;s from her fellow workers. Vln*,r,nA /■>,, I T D
few days after this tragedy rlUTinea Oy I. _. r.
place Percy Tydemnn, a vet- 	
of the Oreat War and ot the The Becond meeting ot Mount
African war, was compelled Pleasant branch of the I.L.P. waB
^k food and lodging In the city '•■->•*■ hi Ash's Hall, Thursday, March
of Calgary in preference to I8**1** Officers for tho year wero
ling on the streets. elected: Chairman, Robert Skinner;
kdeman had been receiving re-   vice-chairman,  N.  Mclnnis;   seere-
[but was shipped out to a farm   tary, John L. Martin; treasurer, C.
cook.   Upon arrival at the Job   Mahon.
Hind that part of his "cooking" Although a littlo late in the
is was to lift, saw and spilt season to make any extensive plans
lad ties. He had recently fol° educational work the executive
rgone five operations for *as g'™1 instruction to try and
la and was unable to stand the arrange for a debate with one of
fy work. He quit and returned *>« other branches in Greater Van-
lalgary, where he was refused couver, on some subject of Interest
ler relief on the grounds that to the working clnss, In the near
id been given a Job, hut refused  future.
■ork. In addition to suffering Meetinga will be held in the above
hernia he Is also suffering *•••*• ™ Uw "••''l Tuesday ot each
month. Any one interested in the
labor movement is invited to join
up with ihe party, as only by organizing can we make our efforts
count.
Iinflamatory rheumatism*
served for eight years in the
h  Battalion from Queeuston,
id; holds the Queen's medal
clasps for service during th?^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
African   war;   served   for :
years in the Imperial army;  No English Speaking
when the last war broke out HT_.^.tnA  h,, c \J C
lined the 61st Battalion in
Ipeg, but was later Invalided
A grateful country Is now
ding him by graciously per-
g him to sleep ln jail.
C.P.R. has shipped 100 men
[rom Winnipeg to work on the
i,  as the local  unemployed
Wanted by C.N.R.
EDMONTON, Alta.—That when
he applied at the employment office of the Canadian National Railways for a Job, he had been
formed that "no Englisii speaking
men were being employed," was the
Ilon, as tne local uu<,...i*.«»™ charge made by Geo. Hart, when us
lied at serving that corporation spokcaIlmu t01. an unemployed delo-
B5 cents an hour. The Bab- -nUon lle addressed last meeting ol
of Calgary profess to be sur- tlle councii. Hart also stated that
id that "the single unemployed the Canadian National was hiring
not show any ambition to ac- men at tll(, ,.ate ot 20 cents an hour
1 Jobs on steel laying gangs," T)l(, qoiincll decided to forward the
are making much ado over a re- i„j01.,„at|on to Premier King, J. S.
. that men who, when applying woodsworth, M.P., and Tom Moore.
lellet, stated they were unfit for The Cmmcn ie launching an or-
i work, are now registering as ganizlng drive on May 1st, and ef-
-^—_———   ^^ ^.. ^e ma(|e t0 put on an
organiser.
A sensation was caused when a
letter was produced purporting to
havo been written by Carl Berg to
the R.C.M.P. at Ottawa, stating that
a staff sergeant of the force was
occupying quarters at the Immigration hall, and drawing wages
when some poor person could have
had the Job. lt was claimed that
the letter was a forgery, and steps
will be tnken to discover the author of tho letter.
CATHOLIC HOSPITAL REAPS BENEFIT
Why "Farm" Immigrants Are Wanted
AN EXAMPLE of the autocratic rule under which men working in the
lumber camps of British Columbia live, is contained in a notice
posted by certain up Coast camp "owners, Informing their employees of
the company's Intention of filch (1.00 *per week from their wages. About
a month ago tbe following notice was posted up by the Lamb Lumber Co.,
at their camp at Menzies Bay:
"After some considerable negotiations with the Sisters of St. Anne's,
the following Arms, viz:
LAMB LUMBER COMPANY LTD.
INTERNATIONAL TIMBER CO.
i   BLOEDELL, STEWARff & WELSH  CO.
MERRILL RING & MOpRE COMPANY
are able to announce the opening of the Campbell River Hospital.
"In order to defray expenses, anp to assure a well-run hospital, we
have agreed to collect 3c per day fojr every day of the month, from all
our men, which will be turned over to tbem for bosplal services alone.
"Tlie balance of the money required to successfully operate the hospital, the different Anns above mentioned have agreed to pay themselves,
and it Is anticipated that lt will amount to a sum about equal to the
contributions of the men. The assessment of this amount will begin
immediately the sisters open  the hospital.
"All doctor's fees will be separate and opart from this item.
"LAMB LUMBER COMPANY LTD.,
"T. A. Lamb, President."
There is no "by your leave" and also showing in detail to whom
about the matter, flu* companies such monies bave been paid, and
concerned decided to deduct 3c per for what purpose expended, and a
day from approximately 1,000 men committee appointed by a majority
to run a Catholic hospital, and If of such workmen or servants shall
those who become sick require have the right at any time to In-
medical attention tbey will have to spect and audit the said account,"
pay for the doctor's services them- It can safely be left to the imagln-
selves. or go without! atlon what would happen, to any
There is now law to compel thc logger who asked to Inspect Tom
men to pay this snve an economic Lamb's books,
ono—If they refuse they wtll le This hospital deduction is noth-
Mack-listed and refused a Job In |ng more or less than a pure steal,
any other camp. . If a man Is injured while at work
That portion qf the "Master unit. I^ls hospital and medical till ore
Servants Act" whicli deals with P"*** hy the Compensation Board,
wage deductions to cover medical and " he gets sick, and has any
attention clearly states that the in- respect for his physical well teing,
Itlative must come from the em- ,le w**" certainly refuse the ser-
ployees; that the master must give vices of any modical practitioner
effect to tbelr wishes; that the wl*0 resides at an up Coast point,
workmen must choose their own Most of them nre of the corre-
doctor, and lf the master attempts spondence school variety,
to Intimidate tbem in selecting a It Is to maintain conditions .such
doctor lie shall be liable to a lino as these tbat thousands of lniinl-
ot $50; that the men may chango grants from all over Europe nre
tho doctor whenever they want; being shipped Into Canada. These
that the master must pay all sums new comers do not understand the
deducted from the wnges of bis language, and do not know bul
workmen or servants over to the what un Imposition of this kind ls
doctor; and that "Whenever a mas- a custom ot the country; they,
ter deducts ony sum to pro- therefore, accept It without a provide a fund for paying for inert!- tost; while those men wbo know
cal attendance upon such workmen what Is taking place and have the
or servants, it shall be the duty of audacity to "kick" are blacklisted
tlle master to keep a seperate ac- and driven out of he country. Such
count of  all  monies bo  deducted,   Is democracy, a la Cannda.	
MINERS FORCED TO PAY FOR
ANTI LABOR UNION SERMONS
CONSERVATIVE WATCH DOGS STOP LABOR MEMBER
FROM SECURING INFORMATION REGARDING
USE OF MILITARY DURING STRIKE
OTTAWA, Ont. — When parliament reassembled A. A. Heaps,
Labor M. P. for Winnipeg North,
asked for a copy of all documents
relating to the use of military
forces during the Winnipeg genernl
strike of 1919. Immediately this
was done one of the Conservative
members (which party was In
power at the time of the strike)
moved that the question be transferred to another pnrt of the order
paper, evidently to prevent Mr.
Heaps from securing the desired
Information.
Bruce to Speak in
Royal Sunday Night
A public meeting, to be addressed
ty Malcolm L. Bruce of Toronto,
will be held under the auspices of
the Communist Party of Canada,
on Sunday night next at S p.m., In
the Royal Theatre.
Comrade Bruce will speak on the
Paris Commune, and will deal with
the lessons to be learned from that
historical event.
After Comrade Bruce has concluded his address a portion of the
evening will be taken up wltb
musical selections by the Communist Party choir and orchestra.
Those who were present at the
Lenin commemoration meeting, and
who heard Comrade Bruco speak
a month ago are certain not to miss
this opportunity of again enjoying
a real Working class lecture, combined with, working class music.
Those who wish to secure a seat
are advised to come early.
Warden Chains Man's
Arms Above Head
LETHBRIDGE, Alta.—It Is not
necessary for one to travel to the
White Terror countries of South
Eastern Europe, or to tho "bible
belt" regions of the Southern
United States to find brutal cruellies being inflicted upon prisoners
In Jail. Wo can supply a touch of
thnt civilizing influence here In
Cnnada.
Deputy Warden Sacker, of the
provincial Jail here, has been dismissed for ill-treating a prisoner by
chaining his arms above his head.
This is tlle Jail to which a number
of unemployed were sent recently
in order to get something to eat.
.berta Employers
Fight 8-Hr. Day Law
IiMONTON, Alta.-The provln-
jovernment of Alberta Is intro-
ig a new act "for the protec-
ot persons employed in fac-
B, shops, and office buildings."
bill contains a clause for a
mlsory eight-hour day, and
aer clause calling for a minl-
i wage ot (12.50 per week for /"'
law   is   meeting
violent   opposition trom   the
Iloyers of labor.   A delegation
Ivtenty members of the Canadian
Wacturers' Association recent-
baited on    the  government to
o   their   protest.     The   chief
fesmon for the delegation was
., McDonald, secretary of the
litrlal relations department ot
(o.M.A„ who claimed that  an
1-hour   law   would    seriously
Jjrdize the possibilities of new
lal being Invested ln Albertan
litrles, and that the law would
Unpractical ln such occupations
lanlng mills and cement works.
J might be expected Pat Burns,
Jthe lumber interests also, had
[esentatives to voice their pro-
against   being   permitted   to
i their "hands" for ten hours
I day, or longer if possible.
Want Insurance for
Canadian jobless
CAI|GARY, Alta.—The Brantford,
Ont, city councll has gone on record as being In favor of the Dominion government enacting an unemployed Insurance law, and has sent
a resolution to that effect to all
cities in Canada, asking for their
endorsatlon.
When the matter came up ln the
local council It was endorsed, and a
resolution will be sent to Premier
King calling upon the government
to enact this legislation.
BOSTON—(FP) — A two week
atrlke against the Commonwealth
Clothing Co. conducted by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers
brought the company to terms.
Ily ART SHIELDS, Federated Press
CHARLESTON, W. Va.—(F.P.)-
Supportlng a company clergyman with the aid ot the checkoff Is
the way the Cabin Creek Consolidated Coal Co. does lt on the upper
right fork of Cabin creek. Rev.
Everett Crowder, whose flock lives
ln the little company shacks that
are strung tor several miles along
tho narrow bottom of the sharp
valley the tumbling stream haa
worn through the mountains, ls sustained by the dollar a month contributions checked off his people's
payroll—and further sums added by
the company.
Theoretically the contribution is
not compulsory. But a request from
the openshop firm which controls
all the meanB of lifo in the valley,
ls the next thing to a command, and
there are few Cabin Creek Consolidated employees who forbid this additional sum to be deducted, after
the store bills, doctor's charges,
rent and other items have been
checked off. Blacksmiths and other
mechanics and foremen are expected to go higher. The men are given
the option of contributing to Crow-
dor or to the pastor of the Holiness
or Holy Rollers church, but Crow-
der's Methodist Institution Is preferred.
In return, say the union and
former  union  men  who  nre   still
found on this lost battleground, tlle
company pastor preaches good company sermons. He advocates tho
open shop and is explicitly reported to have said that a man cannot
be simultaneously a Christian and
a member of the United Mine
Workers, which the clergyman considered a lawless organization. Ho
used to give pastoral advice to return to work, before tho strikes
wcro cnlled off.
In other respects I heard better
reports of him. He ls said to have
given a miner nn overcoat once and
to have a pleasant way with hlm.
Indeed lt would bo hard for tbe
compnny to flnd a better personnel
manager.
LAUNDRY WORKERS IN
CHICAGO OPERATE OWN
SHOP TO WIN STRIKE
CHICAGO—(FP)—Two laundries
owned by the Chicago Laundry
Workers' Union nre running full
blast to help bring capitalist employers lo time. One of the labor-
owned laundries Is near a big place
where several hundred wnrkers
walked out to enforce demands for
a wage raise. As low as (8 a week
Is paid to girls and (12 tn men In
the struck shops. Tlle start In
organizing Chicago laundries will
bo followed up until the city ts a
union town on washday. President
M. P. Murphy of the local declares.
U.S. Gov't Protests
Against High Cost
of Strike-Breaking
TRENTON, N.J.—(FP)—Trenton
labor Is learning something nbout
the high cost of railroad strikebreaking from the federal government's suit against William C. Gcn-
nericli of tbe Ascher Detective
Agency and Captain Reginald Fay,
superintendent of tbe marine department, New York Central Railroad. The detective and rail head
are charged with conspiring to defraud tho IJ, S. government by padding the railroad's payroll In wartime when tlle line was under federal control.
Letters from Fay to Gennerlch,
introduced into the proceedings, tell
of the number of men hired to break
a strike In the marine department
of the railroad. The government
seems to be using the letters to
prove that the defendants drew
wages for men who were not on
the company payroll — dummy
strike-breakers. The ARcber Ann
nf detectives was paid (127,000 at
the conclusion of the striko and
the government reimbursed thc
railroad for the amount, which lt
now claims was excessive. Tlle
government ls not protesting its
payment of money for strike-breaking, but for what lt declares an excessive charge for the job.
So obvious was'the purpose of thtt
Conservative members to squelch
the request of the Labor member
that the following day the "Ottawa.
Citizen" published tbe following
editorial on the sublet:
"In the long list of motions for
information which were read out
In the House of Commons yesterday, the following stood In the
name of Mr. Heaps, member of
Winnipeg North:
" 'For a copy of all correspondence, letters, telegrams, reports,
orders-in-council. and other docn-
ments relating to the use of the
military or civil forces In connection with he Winnipeg general
strike of 1919.'
"The government offered no objection to the ready furnishing o_
this Information, but one of the
Conservative members, Mr. Chaplin, sitting In the row behind Mc
Meighen, did. He asked that the
motion be transferred to another
part of the order paper, which
made lt debatable.
"As tlle Labor party In the Canadian parliament consists ot onlj
two members, and they cannot be
expected to watch every move oe
the part of reactionaries, produotlon of the required Information
may te Indefinitely delayed by Mc
Chaplin's intervention. But the
question must arise in the minds ol
many people, why did the Consort
vatlve member Intervene? The
present government has nothing te
hide concerning tlle use of military
force against unarmed civilians la
lie Winnipeg general strike. Whtt
has?   .
"One of Canada's outstanding
patriots, Canon Scott, beloved padre
of the ' Canadian troops, protested
vigorously at the time against thi
methods employed by the author!-.
ties. The people of Winnipeg still
renumber, and many who were opposed to the general strike ln UU
protested ngainst the mishandling
of the situation from Ottawa. The
presence of Messrs. Woodsworth.:
and Heaps, as Labor members le
this parliament, Is visible evidence
of Winnipeg's opinion.
"Rut Conservative leaders, parr,
tlcularly Mr. Meighen. have long
tried to absolve themselves of responsibility for the setting ol
Canadian troops against Canadian
civilians. What haB Mr. Chaplin to
bide, that he should try to delay
the government's response to A
Labor member's motion for ia-
fornntlon?"
Musicians in Calgary
Face Boycott Charge
CALGARY, Alta.—Harry C. For*
11. M. Thurston and the Musician*"
Union in Calgary are facing a damage suit of (18,000 and costs tor
alleged efforts to compel dance haB
owners to boycott a students' orchestra called the Techophatora.
The students' body are also seeking
a permanent injunction to restrain
the defendants from continuing the
alleged boycott:
The union musicians are allege!
to have Induced the owners ot
dance halls to break, and not enter
the contracts with the students'
orchestra for the use of halls. The
Musicians' Union Is alleged to have
taken the stand that thla organisation was Infringing upon the right*
of the union musicians, and to have
given the hall owners notice that It
the students' orchestra was permitted to rent the halls the union
musicians would boycott them.
The Techophatora ls an organisation ot students who have forme!
themselves Into an orchestra, an!
.ire not mombers of organised
lahor.
Send In that subscription to the
ADVOCATE. Ttsge Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
March 25th, lf   ■_*.
OPEN FORUM
(BlftfltfjJ^c
REVIEWS
Audrey All Letters  and                                          •
UemlltanceH to the ISdftor                                           T
Clw Canadian Labor Advocate
815 ll.l-l,*,, Building, 10 Hantlnam SI. K. V«n<*ouv<*i*,  B.C.                l'lionr. Otr. SIIIJ
••
•
$1.00 SIX MONTHS
$2.10   -PK__   YHAJJ   A
—   "                                   » .
lThe Weekly Pageant
SNAKES are unpleasant things
to talk about, but that does
not prevent some journalists using
them us a metaphor to describe the
scenery. One such tells us that
the "New Carlloo Highway Is like
a winding snake of stone." What
n stone snake looks like we do
not know, and if it is a mineral
now it succeeds In "winding" Is
atill a great puzzle..
* .   .
eER.YA.-SY Is reported to le debating, in the Reichstag, whether she Bhould remain out of the
League of Nations. At the moment
the problem appears to le how
to get In, and when In, how to bold
the blamed thing together. At present the League appears to be some
thing like an old barrel with rusty
hoops — ready to fall to pieces
whenever anything bumps it.
* *   *
PEACE preparations continue to
go on. The latest device to
maintain international peace ls an
armor-plated airplane, with a large
tower fitted wltb machine guns
enabling It to shoot In "all directions." Apparently the war to end
.war has been as highly successful
ts was the war to make a country
It for heroes to live in.
* *   *
KIS« EBWARB'8 lite. It Is reported, ts going to be screened, and preserved "as a historical
document tor future generations."
It may be preserved, but one can
scarcely Imagine a censor allowing
ft. to be shown in public, except it
lie as a lesson on how virtuous
aooarchs used to live.
* *   *.
FIR LIJiKD TOPCOATS should
only be used by Dukes, according to the verdict of n Loudon
ledge. Not very many other people, ever get u chance of wearing
each raiment In that country.
Canadian Democracy in Action
JUST as a young boy, in accordance with a weil established
v biogenetic law, acts in a more cruel and brutal manner than
he will when he grows to manhood, in like manner does a rising ruling class commit more barbarities, and act in a more
ruthless manner in its infancy than it usually does in its later
years.
Indeed nothing else could be expected. A ruling class presupposes a ruled class, and in order to establish itself in a
position of dominance it must crush down all resistance without mercy. A rising capitalist class evolves out of the ranks
of the workers, and is invariably composed of the most cunning, incompassiohate, and savage elements. It always contains those who are most ruthless, domineering, and dictatorial ; those who are ever prepared to exploit, plunder and trample
their fellow man in the dust whenever by so doing they can
ascend fortune's ladder another rung. The meek, the humble,
or the servile may be blessed, but in modern society they never
inherit the position of a captain of industry, or become a lord
of finance.
Here in Canada, where a new wealthy and ruling class is
building itself up, we are being treated to a dose of this grim
torture, in order to fatten the banking accounts of the owners
of industry. While the highways and byways of Europe are
being ransacked for immigrants the men and women who have
been here for years, and many of them from birth, are being
driven into suicide through unemployment.
Recently a girl in Calgary committed suicide rather than
starve or sell herself on the streets. Being of the working
class, friendless, and in a strange country, the daily press
never mentioned the incident. It was not considered "news".
Had it been the president of the C. P. R. who had been reduced to such a desperate state of penury the tale would have
been broadcasted from the Cape of Good Hope to Nome, Alaska.
This tragedy has been glossed over, and in a few days will
be forgotten. According to reports from; Calgary an inquest
was not considered necessary. But this girl was foully murdered by Canada's ruling class. The profits derived from her
labors last year at Banff are even now helping to bulge the
pockets of C. P. R. shareholders. She died a victim of plunder-
bund rule, under which "Men don't count, and women don't
count; there's nothing that counts but cash."
Our Open J'orum
Readers are invited to send letters for publication in "Our Open
Forum.'' Communications should not exceed 250 words. No views
will be. censored-so long as \vriters refrain from indulging in personalities,
Tbe management of the ADVOCATE assumes no responsibility fo<\
opinions expressed in tbis space. ____
EIHTOH, Labor Advocate: I have
teen reading an editorial in
the Trades and Labor Council paper by M.. and with the article I
entirely agree, but the thought
Strikes mo, Mr. Editor, what are
the different unions in the Vancouver district doing to help these
men? It is all very well to have
Open Forum meetings once a week,
but only a small percentage of the
several hundred  attend these.
When I arrived hack ln Vancouver last Novemter I saw sandwich
I oard signs asking everybody to
stay away from the C. P. tt. as they
were employing scab carpenters, I
also saw ads. in the paper asking
all union men not buy somebody's
milk, or to go to certain theatres
and picturo shows as they were unfair to organized, labor. This I
promptly obeyed, but when several
of us were wondering during the
winter if we could get a little relief from the city we found we
could not get a hall nor any organized assistance, with the result that
this winter the city kept a nuipber
of its unemployed in Oakalla, aud
we have had murders, suicides and
hold-ups, so In the long run the
Babbits pay.
' In a certain sense the organized
trades havo a nerve to ask men to
refuse to work and starve lecause
there is a strike on, and then re-
fuse to help the unemployed to organize. Even the "Wobblies" refused their hall, which Ib not consistent seeing that most of tlieir
members are out of work in the
winter; and such trndes as painters, park employees and builders
generally are on the "bum" during
the winter months.
Whut I would suggest is that
next winter we, the migratory
stiffs, flnd out when we hit town
(us hit town we must or die on.lhe
frozen prairies, where even the
farmers won't stay and come to
the Coast looking for a job) whether
there wtll be a nucleus of an organized body that will help the unemployed, seeing thnt they expect the
class conscious of tbe unemployed
not to scab.
Even Mayor Taylor said (according to the Vancouver Sun) thut
they (the unemployed) could either
Work for a dollar a day or starve or
get out ol town, which statement
puts a lot of us "stiffs" wise, see-
lug that the notion has got abroad
that Taylor was "the working
man's friend."
If we are forced to work and
live on $1.00 per day, how do you
union men expect to be puid from
$7 to $9 a day?
TOM WILLIS.
-*$r    §$&$.  Mmhm    m
§
Union Directory
... 1 PRIVI'l-iG TRADES COUK-
''Ok-IlHt, nml Monday la the
fth.       Pr._ld._t,    J.*   R.     Whllt!
ffarjr, H. H. NcelMda. P.O. Bea
WlKERY «U,I)SIIK«, LOCAL 371—
.'.■Mtn- Hero,,-! Thursday every
#Hlk lit Holden BiilMla*. l'renl-
IM, I. BrlahtWelli tnanelal ..ete-
tmt, tt-*- Bgwrop. 781 Hlh Ave. E,
OHO EHI-I.OVERS'  I MON, LOCAL
tO   MeeU Ural aad  third  Friday*,
h the moath at MS Hantlnna W*. at
tf p.w.    Jalin   -tfacRltehle,  president,
(It-Nth  Ave. E.I  Ilea.  Harrl-nn. Ore.
W.   J,   Serlblfrna,   i>i>»Iih*nm
Meet    l«t   and   3rd   Friday*,
Ila_tli,it»   SI,   U.
■eat*, i
JEM
■tfllClAV  MUTUAL   PROTECTIVE
' HMOS, Loeal MS, A, V. at M. *—
■eel. la G.W.V.A. Hall. Seymoar aad
IMtr Streeta, aecoad Sunday at
_• a.m. Preaident. E. C. Millar, Nl
tteteess Streetl aeeretary, E. A.
Wltleaoa, Ml Nelaon Streetl flnanclal
-MHKtary, W. E. William,,, Ml feel-
»   Street i  organiser,   F.  Fletcher,
Kelson Street.        	
TUT. FEDERATED SEAFARERS'
DHION OF CANADA—llradquar-
at Roams 8. 0 and 7. Flaek
Una:, ln» Hastings Street W„
Taaeouver, B.C. Tel. Sey. 3698.
Pmldent, Robert Thomi Vlee-Presl-
a*H>t. David tilllesplei Sec'y-Trraa-
•mr, Wm. Donaldson. Victoria
ptaaeh, Roam 11. tlreen Block,
iraad  Street, Victoria, B.C.    Phone
TTPnUHtl-illr.W. I MON. No. _*_H
■—President, I*. K, Campbell! vlce-
ItreaUfnl.   R.   tioailiroi     serretary-
Streasurer.  !'.   H.  Neelanda,  P.O.  Box
Meets     liist     Sunday     ol   eaeli
nth' ht _ p.m, In Holden Bldit*. IK
Hastlaits   St. E,   _^
ntPVCE   RUPERT   TKPOORAPHIC-
AL I MOY, No. 413—President, S.
M.   Maedoaaldi '  secretary-treasurer,
tM. Campbell,  P.p.  llo* est. Meets
t Thursday of each month.
•H
THE   CANADIAN
later $taatatr
Wilh   Which   Is   Incorporated
•HE    BRITISH    COLUMBIA    FEDERATIONIST
'rUBLISHED   EVERY   THURSDAY"
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Canadian Labor Advocate ta a
factional weekly newspaper,
g news ol the farmer-labor
mtat la action.
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■amber af The Federated Presa aai
The  Britlah  Labor  Praia
Another Batch of "Farmers" Arrives
A NOTHER four thousand "farmers" have left the shores of
•™ Britain for Canada—the land where golden "opportunities" can be found gushing from any old goptier burrow.
Immigration from Britain has reached its "peak" "early in the
season," and "the whole scheme has been given a tremendous
momentum," according to The Vancouver Province, and no one
would doubt the veracity of that journal on such a subject.
It required the services of three Atlantic liners to transport this latest consignment of victims for Canadian farm implement and mortgage companies, to this country, which they
will shortly be wishing they had never seen.
We are informed that the four thousand "are drawn from
all trades and professions, and include policemen, engineers,
artists, bank clerks, steel workers, smeltermen, postmen,
miners, sailors and clerks." To give a touch of the higher culture to this otherwise mediocre contingent we are further
informed that "a land surveyor, p. chemist, and even a qualified
solicitor" are included in the group, as well as "the former
heavyweight boxer of the British army.''
These men from the policemen to the champion "pug" are
all farmers. Every last one of them is an expert on how to
"plow and sow, to reap and mow," rotate crops, and produce
forty bushel to the acre at 82 per bushel, and how "to make
two blades of grass grow where but one grew before" as the
estimable Mr. Motherwell, Minister of Agriculture, would
probably put it. That they are all authorities on farming is
evidenced by the fact that they are graduates of a correspondence course on how to farm in Canada, conducted from
London, by a C. P. R, immigration agent, and what more could
any reasonable person ask for?
We are also informed by the same paper (Vancouver
Province, March 21) that Captain Guest, a former member of
the British cabinet, states that this expeditionary force "is
being sent from Britain because "all the leading dominions of
the empire have large development schemes under way, or
under consideration, which are being held up by lack of labor,"
which is in full accordance with a former statement that
these men "are all fully informed of the conditions of their
new life."
The workers of Western Canada who are enjoying a period
of low wage prosperity, and the unemployed who are tramping
the streets searching for a job can ponder over these facts,
and figure out how long they are going to remain the dupes
and victims of a band of exploiters who are as merciless as
they are useless.
With one breath we are told that these men are all being
sent here to work on the land, that industrial workers are not
being asked for, and with the next breath we are informed
that they are coming here to carry out huge developments
which are being held up because of a labor shortage, and this
at a time when members of the working class in Canada are
committing suicide and sleeping in jails because they cannot
get a job. The credulity of some people transcends comprehension.
By L-luiid Olds, Kelprnted Press
lli|***N who master the management
■*•'* of the industrial system In an
age based on machine production
will control society as a whole.
This ls the viewpoint which Impelled
T. Korzeniowske and J. P. Ryan,
mechanical engineers, to write Engineering, a booklet on management for use In worker education.
The authors see the only road to
workers' control of Industry through
mastery ot scientific management.
"The master class," they pointed
out, "has recognized this fundamental fact and has spared no effort to create and educate a group
within society, completely devoted
to their interest, whose part is to
manage and operate the industries
for the benefit of the exploiters."
But the capitalist period, characterized by competition and the race
to cheapen production hy the introduction of better machinery, is
coming to an end with the forming
ot the giant trusts, say the authors.
The passing of capitalist competition makes further progress impossible during the continuance ot capitalist society. They aim, therefore,
to point out the necessity of education work In labor unions and
worker education centres along the
line of management and to lay the
Vasts for such work.
The authors first sketch briefly
the present organization of management. The fact that it Is directed
primarily to producing profits tor
tlle owners, they say, precludes real
co-ordination, fostering chaos and
anarchy Instead. Their chart of
capitalist management reveals the
swollen sales organization and the
elaborate machinery to allay industrial unrest. Against this picture
of waste, inefficiency and high
overhead they pit a picture ot the
organization ot industry solely to
supply tiie requirements ot mankind
with as little effort as possible.
This outline ot the scientific management of the industrial system by
the workers, like the outline of capitalist management preceding lt, Is
In the language of experts.talking
management, not of radical theorists. Practically all the functions
performed by branches ot capitalist
management appear in the new
plan. But there ls simplification
and co-ordination according to a
social plan, possible because the
clement of private Interest ls clim-
Immigratioi
IT IS doubtful lt any proplel
receiving more public atteirtJ
In Canada, than that of IminlRl
tion, and it Is doubtful If linmlgj
tlon was ever carried on' in
teeth ot greater resentment on i
part of the public. A subsidl
daily press is allowing its p_l
to be prostituted to such an extf
that even the most thoughtless,
growing Impatient.
One wonders how the gov
ment of Canada ls going to rei
the unemployment situation *
It persists in making worse b
Immigration policy, immigri
Ib not a solution of our prj
economic difficulties, or Ca
would te one of the world's
prosperous countries. Incrj
population Is not essential to j
perity, otherwise lunula
woilld nevr leave the over-L
lateil countries to come herejl
Here In Canada, we have al
extent of amble land, which, f
It be wrested from the hunds ofl
speculators and olher panj
would serve as excellent
Sural land for those caput;
working It Intelligently mule!
reasonable form of pro1
against the human vultures v..
In wait tor the unsuspecting.'
Under  snch  circumstances,,
lied immigration would perhaj]
put   to   advantage.     But   ctj
fundamental conditions would 1
to be  complied   with.    All   ll
grants applying for the prlvllel
coming to tliis country would 9
lo pass a most rigid examln]
as to the physical fitness, ari
tp tlieir likelihood of making.
at  the  occupation  chosen.    ',
immigrant should be allowed tq
come a charge upon this cow
as (he result ot uneniployinei
Inability to make good at His
or ha the  result of physical
ability, until after he lias been
for at least five years.   Hence
migrants   should   be   under
supervision of their home gb*j
ment   for   that   period   of
especially ln the Case ot thel
sslsted type ot Immigrant; in
cases.      government      supervfl
could be Voluntary.    Iii this
untrained,  inexperienced  indlt
als could be scientifically guide
their work, and at the -same '
protected from the financial si
Colonization schemes shouli
considered tbe only methods a
able. Tho social, educational
well ns the economic life o(
community can thus be considi
and trained experts could look
larger numbers In such ml
than (hey could possibly deal ]
otherwise*
Immigrants should not be fj
to purchase land from specula]
or from other quarters, at rll
luusly high prices; such expl
tlon   means   certainly   of   l'u
sooner or later.   Moreover, the
history of the development (o;
reverse) of any specific distric'
located  lo   such  groups of  I
grants   should   be   thoroughly
vesllgated.    It is a notorious j
Unit   many  immigrants  have
encouraged to settle in district.*!
purchase land and farms previl
abandoned  by earlier, hardleil
more experienced settlers.
And lastly. Intending liu'mlgl
should be warned of the fnct 1
during the past  two decades!
every   oue    thousand    immig
who came to Canada, about e
hundred  migrated out of Ca
the   majority  of  the  latter  I
native Canadians, experienced
cltmatlzed and efficient at the
kind of work which should
plentiful in this country.
Such  a  state of affairs
cause every prospective Inimii
to hesitate before leaving hlsl
■■■«■     country. J, L.i
THE following are some lhat have 
just come off the press and are TjiVEX BEARS In Bussia ar]
available for our renders at the _l velop*lng Bolshevik teftdel
prices quoted. Send in your order Lately we have been regaled!
to the Canadian Labor Advocate, a tale of how heavy snows in|
with your remittance. sia nre making the hears
llrltlsh Labor Bid for Power ....IBe   towns In search of food."
Stopping a War  16c   were when bears hibernated!
■Russia   Turns   East    15c   Ing tlle winter, but that wtw'l
World  Labor  Unity   16c  the Wakeful Bolsheviks seized I
Education In Soviet Russia  60c   er.    Since  that  took  place
Glimpses of the Soviet Republic IBe   have been sitting Up at n1ght|
Inated and the whole is adapted (o
provide efficiently for human needs.
General study of this booklet will
enable workers to begin talking the
language of management. They wlll
see the possibility of scientific management under their control as an
automatic means for guarding the
interests ot members ot society
rather than as a whip tor driving
wage slaves. They will have before them a concrete, workable plan
whicli will give significance to the
trend toward co-operation in management and wlll prevent this trend
from proving merely another chain,
binding labor to the capitalist
chariot.
ENGINEERING, a Treatise on
Worker Control and Management of
Industry, by T. Korzeniowske and
J. P. Ryan. O. B. U. Book Dept.,
54 Adelaide St., AVinnipeg, Canada,
25c.
Swarajists Propose
to Ban Parliament
BOBAY—The Swaraj party meeting at Delhi has advised the All-
India Congress committee meeting
to allow the Swhrajist members to
wulk out simultaneously from both
houses of tlle central legislature
and from atl the provincial councils ln session.
The Independent members of the
central legislature tire considering
how best, "consistent with tlieir
principles." to Join the Swarajists
In protest against the Indian government's unsatisfactory reply in
the matter of tlle reforms. It refused to appoint a round-table conference or u royal commission to
consider the question of a further
installment of constitutional reforms.
SCOTT  XE.4K1MI  LATEST
HOOKS SOW OJi SALE
_.	 Thursday, March 25th, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Pafe
Classified Ads.
BARRISTERS
BIRD, BIRD 8 LEFEAUX. 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
BATHS
VANCOUVER TURKISH BATHS,
Pacific Bldg,, 744 Hastings St, W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS B ELLIOTT, 800 Pender
St. W. The best makes of bicycles
on easy terms.
"BOOTS  (LOOSING)
' H. HARVEY, 58 Cordova St. West.
CAFE
EMPIRE CAFE, 7(5 Hastings St. E.
tHIROPHACTOR
i DR. D. A. McMILLAN, Palmer Graduate. Open daily and evenings.
633 Hastings Street West. cor.
Granville Street.   Phone Sey. 6954.
DENTIST
£DR. W. J. CURRY. 301  Dominipn
Bldg.	
DRUGS
\ RED STAR DRUG STORE, Cor.
Cordova and Carrall.	
FLORISTS
fBROWN BROS. B CO. LTD., 48
Hastings St. E.	
GLASS
Glazing,  Silvering.  Bevelling
WESTERN GLASS CO. LTD.,  158
Cordova St. W., few doors west of
Woodward's.    Sey. 8687.   Wholesale and retail window glass.	
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY
-Grandview     Hospital — Medical,
surgical, maternity.    1090 Victoria
Drive.     High. 137.	
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
i. BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova
Street.
MEN'S SUITS
.. D. BRUCE,   LTD.,   Homer   and
Hastings Streets.
, B. BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova
Street. 	
MUSIC
(VIOLINS REPAIRED, Bows Repair-
ed. Columbia records, needles.
Gramophones repaired. Bagpipe
reeds and supplies. Will Edmunds
Music Store, 965 Robson St. Sey.
2994.	
OPTICIAN
| PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE. 615
Hastings West.
PAINT AJ(D 8.PLV PANELS
IpREGORY 8 REID, 117 Hastings
Street East;
TOBACCOS
[MAINLAND CIGAR STORE, 310
Carrall Street.
IfcONE  BUT WHITE  HELP
EMPLOYED
/COAL!
I      AND       p
WOOD/
WNE  BUT WHITE  HELP
EMPLOYED
Subscribe to the Canadian Labor
lAdvocate and help us In our work.
The British Dominions
and Locarno
LIBERIA TURNS
DOWN YANKEE
I RUBBER KING
By John Pepper
THE outstanding success of
British Imperialism's foreign
policy during the past year was
Locarno. Through Locarno Great
Britain has succeoded, first In forcing Qermany Into the anti-Soviet
bloc, secondly in breaking up the
continental hegemony of France,
thirdly In bringing Into being a
European bloc against the evermore predominating American Imperialism.
Chamberlain, the British minister
for foreign affairs, was hailed as a
hero in Great Britain for the Locarno success. As the most successful agent of British Imperialism he
was showered with the highest
decorations and distinction. Yet
hardly a few weeks pasB before
there already develops the first rift
In this so artificial structure of Locarno. Tlle extremely Important
news Is now reported from London
that the British dominions are expressing their opposition to Locarno.
.Dominion policy Is tho Achilles'
heel, the most vulnerable point ln
the whole foreign policy of the
British empire. The British government and the British parliament
conduct foreign policies but all
diplomatic steps of the British ruling class are likewise binding upon
the dominions, upon the population
of Canadd, Australia, Ireland, South
Africa and India. At least this
was the case before tlie war and
also during the war. But in the
post-war years there began slowly,
and in recent years ever more rapidly, the crystallization of an entirely new attitude on the part of
the British dominions. They are
no longer content to remain vassals ot the British bourgeoise ln
their foreign policy. Several causes
have contributed In bringing about
this new policy. First: during the
war the dominions had to make
very large sacrifices In men and
money for British Imperialism* For
this reason they are wary ot new
war-like entanglements. Secondly,
a new big Industry was cultivated
during thc war in nil Important dominions which extraordinarily
stiffened the backbone of the native
bourgeoise, they demanded an Independent tariff and diplomatic policy. Third, the mighty American
Imperialism haa broken the finance
monopoly of British imperialism
and more and more becomes the
principal source of credit for the
British dominions, thereby exercising, like the magnetic mountain
of folk-lore, an irresistible attraction upon the dominions.
Already in the beginning of 1925,
at the first Important step of British
foreign policy, the adoption of the
Ghent Protocol, the domlnlona declined to co-operate. The British
government wanted to call a general Imperial conference but thc
dominion governments declined tha
invitation because they feared that
some sort ot obligation bound up
with new wars might result for
them as the result of the conference. The chief organ of the
British empire, Thc Times, at that
time wrote a whole series of ar-
BRUNSWICK
—announces the world's greatest advance In record making—
THE NEW
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A Secret, Scientific and Superior Process for recording sounds
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Greater Volume — Greater Tone Purity — No Surface Noises
WENDALL HALL
The Red-headed Mnslc Maker, now an exclusive
Brunswick nxtlst.
1007 "Show Me the Way to Go Home''
"Kentucky's Way of Baying 'Good Morning"'
2994 "That Certain Pnrty" Fox Trots by Isham
"Paddlln' Madelln' Home" Jones Orchestra
2992 "Sleepy Time Gal" New Hits played by Ben Demies
"A Uttle Bit Bad" Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
3081 "Miami" Al. Jolson with Carl Funton's
"Ion Forgot to Remember" Orchestra
and many others now on sale—76c—play on any phonograph
THE KENT PIANO COMPANY, 339 Hastings St. W.
ROSS-WIGHTMAN COMPANY, 846 Granville Street
McGILL-SPARLING LIMITED, 718 Kobson Street
tides on this gravest danger to the
Britlah empire. It said: "Britain's
most important problem ln the postwar period ts tho question of how
tho six autonomous sections of
Great Britain, whicli In their en-
tlrlty constitute the real imperial
power, can be drawn together into
a uniform policy against the dangers menacing the empire. We are
confronted here with a problem of
most extreme significance because
it involves the very existence of the
empire. If these six units of the
British empire canot come to an understanding as to foreign policy
then their transformation into mutually Independent states becomes
Inevitably a question of the times.
They cannot solve this question In
any other way than to answer:
either we must recognise the need
for a uniform foreign policy or else
the empire must fall to pieces."
(Retranslated from the German).
The Times is right. The question
really ls that either the British
bourgeoisie be successful In conducting a uniform world policy for
thc empire or elBe the British empire falls to pieces. The events of
foreign policy show evermore clearly, however, that the domlnlona no
longer tolerate the British "uniform" world policy, or ln other
words the imperialist policy which
is contrary also to their interests.
The British government intends to
call an imperial conference of all
dominions next June* But this Imperial conference can help very
little, it will not create the unity of
the British empire but will bring
to even more crass expression the
existing antagonisms.
LEGISLATURE   FEARS
LOSS OP SOVEREIGNTY
AKKA, Gold Coast, West Africa-
Much excitement has been
caused by the Liberian legislature
turning down the proposals ot
Harvey Firestone, an American rubber magnate, to develop 1,000,000
acres of rubber plantations.
The legislature turned down the
proposal that was made between the
Firestone rubber Interests and Edwin J. Barclay, the Liberian secretary of state, on the grounds that
the proposals would make Liberia
a colony of the Firestone Interests.
Barclay was severely censured for
entering Into an agreement which
threatened the sovereignty of Liberia.
Newspapers in Liberia that are
suspected of being subsidized by the
rubber interests are screaming fn
scare head-lines that this move of
the Liberian legislature is an act
hindering the "civilizing process" in
Liberia and urging the acceptance
ot the $5,000,000 loan from Firestone
on the terms agreed to between
Firestone and Barclay. On the
other hand papers that see the sinister purpose of the Firestone interests in Liberia point out that
with the acceptance of the loan
from the rubber interests and the
handing over of the vast amounts
of fertile land, Liberia no longer
can exist as a nation, but merely
becomes a colony of the rubber
magnates*
President King favors the acceptance of the loan and giving the
Firestone Interests ail they demand.
His cabinet has lined up with the
-legislature  against  the  proposals.
BUREAUCRATIC CONTROL NOT
ALLOWED BY RUSSIAN UNIONS
By SCOTT SEARING
MOSCOW—(FP)—"Can the workers of the Soviet Union prevent the development of labor
bureaucracies such as hampered
the Labor Movement In other countries?" I put this question again
and again to the responsible lenders
and to the rank and file In the
Soviet Union. Some were confident
that the danger could be avoided;
others were not so sure.
The general congress of Trade
Unions meets every two years. Between sessions tlle congress ls represented hy the centrnl executive
committee elected at the last congress.
I What is to prevent this committee
from getting into the hands ot professional labor politicians?—*"Two
things," answered the workers. "In
the first place, the general congress
does not consist of trade union
officials but of men and women
elected from the shops and mines.
In the second place, because this
central organ ot the labor movement ls not permitted to handle
anything except the goneral principles of organization. The actual
work of the unions is done in the
shops and mines, where the local
organization enjoys practical autonomy In all matters that affect the
welfare of the local group of
workers."
"And what Is thero to prevont
the local shops and mine organizations from falling Into the hands of
bureaucrats?" I asked.—"We will
answer for that," was the reply ot
the workers In each locality.
That remains to be seen. Hore,
as elsewhere, eternal vigilance Ib
the priee of liberty.    The   soviet
workers of this generation seem to
see this principle clearly. Organization by shops makes it easier
for the workers to keep a check on
the activities of the labor organizations to which they belong. In the
Soviet1 Union each mine or factory
or railroad division is organized as
a unit. Within that unit, the workers carry on their cultural and
organizational activities quite Independently. I visited one factory
two weeks after there had heen an
election of the factory committee.
The new president of tho factory
committee seemed familiar with
every detail of his work.
"You have been president of the
factory committee before?" I asked.
—"Yes," said he, "I was president
two years ago."
{ "And what have you been doing
since?"—"Working In the factory.
We have a custom hero that no one
Is ever elected to the presidency of
a factory committee more than three
times In succession. Two yenrs ago
my three terms were up. Since
that time I hnve not even been on
the committee."
"But why?"—"That Is our method
of preventing the development of
bureaucracy," he answered.
Certainly there Is no automatic device for preventing men and women
from, abusing the power with which
they nre entrusted. But there aro
checks. The workers In the Soviot
Union are looking for theso checks,
and adopting them wherever they
seem likely to prove useful. Both
centrntly and locally they aro doing
everything tn keep the actual
workers In direct control of their
own affairs.
Street Railwaymen 0f industrialism
ADELAIDE, South Australia —
(FP)—For the tramway workers ot
Adelaide a basic wage has bcen
fixed by conference, both parties accepting the principle of adjustment
of wages on a sliding scale according to tho rise or fall ln the price
of commodities. Wages are thus
fixed automatically. There Is no
payment of big fees to lawyers tor
arbitration court work, and as a result thhe street car men havo saved
thousands of dollars In legal expenses. There hnve been no
strikes.
The company collect the union
dues from tlle workers, and pays
them over the union secretary evory
week. Every man In Its employ
must pay his union dues, or get
flred.   >
SYDNEY—(FP)—A gas explosion
occurred In the Red head mine (In
tho Newcastle district, New South
Wales) January 21. Five men wore
killed and others Injured. Prior to
the accident, the mine was considered safe.
How a labor government looks
after thc dependents of victims will
be soon from the fact thnt each
wido* recoived $500 outright from
the government, $2,fi00 compensation, and a pension of $5 per weok
for herself with extra provision for
children at the rate of $2.50 por
week.
CLEVELAND — (FP) — Elevator
constructors now receive $1.52*. an
hour with $1.07 for helpers.
following ik Gl$ii||
By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.
Continuation of a pamphlet, written by J. S, Woodiworth, Labor
M.P. for Winnipeg North Centre, which the LABOR ADVOCATE it
publishing as a series before issuing it in pamphlet form.
WHY I RESIGNED FROM THE CHRISTIAN MINISTRY
"It has been stated that the doctrines of Methodism
are not those contained in the standards of doctrine.
This may be so. Yet, I was required to state tbat I
believed and would preach certain definitely specified
doctrines. Some may say that it is necessary only that
I believe the essential underlying truths. But who is
to determine what are the essential underlying truths?
Words have well-recognized meanings. We cannot
play fast and loose with them. Again, it may be objected that if one is held down hard and fast to the
letter of the law, there is no room for the development
of doctrine.—Precisely! But the fact still remains that
as a candidate for the ministry, I was required to state
that I believed and would preach certain specified doctrines. I am bound to require all candidates to make a
similar statement. So long as I hold office to which
such statements admitted me, and to which I would not,
today, receive admission without making the same;
statements, I am bound in common honesty to continue
to believe and to preach these doctrines. So soon as I
am unable to "sincerely and fully 'believe them' and to
"fully and faithfully preach them," it seems to me that
but one course is open.
In the examination of candidates, still other questions relate to personal experience and conduct. Among
these are the following:— 'Have you been converted
to God? Have you now faith in Christ? Do you expect
to be made perfect in love in this life? Will you re-
commened fasting, both by precept and example?'
To each of those, I must answer in the negative.
Dr. Burwash, representing fairly Methodist teaching, defines conversation as "one experimental crisis
of religious life, from which a consciously new Ufe
dated its beginning." (Note on Wesley's Sermons P.71).
I have never had such an experience. Wesley thus explains saving faith (Sermon 1.5) "And herein does it
(saving faith) differ from that faith which the apostle*
themselves had while our Lord was on earth, that it
acknowledges the necessity and merit of His death ami
the power of His resurrection. It acknowledges His
death as the only sufficient means of redeeming man
from death eternal, and his resurrection as the restoration of us all to life and immortality; insomuch as He
'was delivered for our sins, and rose again for our justification.' Christian faith is then, not only an assent
to the whole Gospel of Christ, but also a full reliance on
the blood of Christ; a trust in the merits of His life,
death, and resurrection; a recumbency upon him as
our atonement and our life as given for ns and living
in us. It is a sure confidence which a man hath in God,
that through the merits of Christ, his sins are forgiven,
and he reconciled to the favor of God; and in consequence hereof a closing with him, and cleaving to him,
as our 'wisdom righteousness, sanctification, and re-'
demption,' or in one word, our salvation.'
"I have notthis faith.
"Explaining Christian Perfection, Wesley says
(P.405) 'Christians are saved in this world from all sin,
from all unrighteousness; that they are now in such a
sense perfect as not to commit sin, and to be freed from
evil thoughts and evil tempers." I do not expect to be
made perfect in love in this life.
"I do not believe in fasting as a religious exercise.
"ln this matter of personal experience lies the root
of the difficulty. My experience has not been what
among Methodists is considered normal. From earliest
childhood, I was taught the love of God and have endeavored to be a follower of Jesus. My experience has
determined my theology, and my theology my attitude
toward the Discipline. And all three according to our
standards, are un-Methodistical."
"In view of these declarations, many may wonder,
not that I leave the Methodist ministry, but that I was
able to enter it, and to continue in it so many years,
With me, it was not a case of entering the church. I
was born and brought up in the Methodist Church and
easily found my way into its ministry. It was not
difficult to give an assent to the doctrines of the Church
as a whole—though, I may say, that I never gave an
affirmative answer to all the questions proposed to candidates. I have always tried to be frank in stating my
experiences and views to my brethren, whether in private conversation, or, when occasion permitted, in our
ministerial gatherings. I have preached only what I
believe to be the truth.
"My decision to withdraw has not been made hastily. Five years ago, I came to Conference with my letter
of resignation in my pocket. After consultation with
the president and some of our ministers, I decided to defer nny action. I shall never forget the kindly sympathy and truly Christian spirit of my brethren at that
time, and subsequently. Then came four busy years
of practical work as Assistant-Pastor of Grace Church.
I had begun to hope that I might still be able to remain
in the Church. But during the past year, I have had
the opportunity of viewing the situation with a certain]
detachment not possible to one immersed in the manifold
(Continued on Page Four) Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Thursday, March 25th, 1926>*j
With the Marine Workers
Conducted  by' W,   H.   DONALDSON,   Secretary  Federated   Seafarers  of
Canada
DEBS'   CITIZENSHIP   „
HANDED TO TENDER
MERCY OF COOLIDGE
Notes From the Camps
Conducted by J. M. CLARKE, Secretary L.W.l.U. of Canada
THE regular meeting of the Federated Seafurers' Union waB
held on Friday night Inst. The time
for opening the meetings has been
changed to 7.30 p.m. instead ot 8
as It is more convenient to membera.
The financial report as submitted by the secretary at last meeting
was audited by Brothers Olsen,
Kelly and McEwen, and found correct.
The secretary reported that since
last meeting he had received a reply from tlle C.G.M.M. Ltd., promising an Interview regarding Coastal
ships.
Delegnte Griffiths reported that
It would be necessary to approach
the Marine Engineers' Association,
and the Canadian Merchant Service
Guild In connection with members
of those organizations taking the
places ot sailors and firemen, and
refusing to recognize tho union
which was trying to Improve tho
conditions of men under these ratings. He further stated he would
like to see a committee appointed
to look Into this matter. He roported he had been successful ill
organizing several men who had
been waiting for the unions to
amalgamate, and that he would like
to see the union take up the question of tlte men's Quarters on certain ships sailing from Vancouvor.
Delegate Morgan stated that since
amalgamation he had tound It much
easier to talk to those who were
not organized regarding their becoming organized, and was of the
opinion lt would not he long until
the waterfront was 100 per cent.
organized. Men on C.P.R. vessels
were hard to convince, and at present were the stumbling block to
progress. He mentioned that Dro.
Hayes waB ln an Institution for the
blind as the result of an nccldent.
The meeting appointed a committee to look thtn this matter and report back in next meeting, ns tt
was believed his wife and children
had heen without support since ho
lost his sight.
Under good nnd welfnre several
former members of the National
Sailors' Union statod they were surprised at the good results achieved
by tho amalgamation. One member
stated that while he had been oppoaed to the merger he wan now
convinced of Its success, and was
going to do his utmost to sec that
the organizntion hnd a successful
future.
The committee appointed to meet
the Canadian Service Guild, and the
Marine Engineers' Association, met
nt the hall on Saturday morning,
and drew up a list of mailers to he
tnken np with those two tiodios.
The committee is composed of D.
norland, G. Riley nnd the secret-
tary. ,
The (Dominion government ls to
tie approached regarding certain
arrangements that will benefit seamen materially.
The crow of the "Royal City," an
Old Country ship, has had trying
times. The ship loft tlle old Dart
on July 80th last, and has been to
various ports in different parts of
the world. At Durban, South Africa,
the captain was burled, and a new
one obtained. The new skipper was
well liked by the crew, but owing to
clrcnmstnncoB other than the captain's fault, five apprentices cleared
out at Bowen, Australia, and the
shhip's carpenter followed shortly
afterwards. The seamen nppealed
to the captain to get some sort of
help to replace the apprentices, but
the Australian sailors were not having anything to do with the "Royal
City."
When the vesBcl reached Towns-
ville the men were on the point of
refusing to go to sea unless some
help was obtained, as the vessel
had only four able seamen, one ordinary seaman and six apprentices
whon she left Britain, which Is not
enough except the npprentlces can
do an A.U.'s work. Two ordinary
seamen were shipped nt tills port,
and the captain promised he would
split the wages ot the other two
seamen nmong the men If they
would do the work until more sailors were obtained. When the vessel nrrived at Vancouver the captain was transferred to another
ship, and the crew are disgusted at
tho way they have been treated.
The "City" line Is gaining a reputation for bad conditions thnt wlll
bo hard to beat. Meantime the men
nre trying to have the previous arrangement cnrrled out by the now
captain.
Hospital XiiIps
A. Boll expects soon to be able to
got around again. J. Eachella Is Improving slowly. J. Kentlaiid thinks
ho wlll not he well for some time
hut he is able to get around a little.
S. J. Bye has had a successful operation, nnd says the nurses have
been very kind and attontive to him.
D. McKinnon is rather dubious as
to the trouble in his leg. George
Watton is getting along nicely, but
may have to be operated on again
as soon as he Is strong enough.
The secretary wns Instructed to
send another letter to the Compensation Bonrd regarding tlle case of
H. Manos, who has been given nn
WASHINGTON—(FP) — Restoration of Eugene V. Debs' citlzo'nship
is now tn the hands nf President
Coolldge. Atty Gen. Sargent has
Informed Cong. Victor L. Berger thnt
he does not believe a pardon
should be given unless Debs personally asks for lt. Sargent knew
thnt Debs hnd clearly stated that
he would never beg a pardon, because he had committed no crime.
His sentence waB commuted ln
1921 by President Harding at the
request ot thousands of citizens,
but Debs refused to say a word of
apology or retraction of the antiwar stand which had brought him
a 15-year sentence of Imprisonment
during the war.
CLARKE   &  THOMPSON, IIOHNE
LAKE, VANCOUVER ISLAND
WAGES are on the lowest scale
prevailing. Meals are the
Powell Street scale. I experienced
the epicurean Joy of a new dish ln
this camp. We had liver for supper,
and then hnd the left-overs served
up the next day for dinner, disguised as pie. Chinese cooks and
waiters; Japanese fallers and
buckers. Rigging crew working
short handed most of the time, as
this outfit finds It hard to hold men
longer than to make their fare both
ways. 1 saw a hook-tender moving
a donkey there with a crew composed ot the wood-bucker and wood-
splitter. Board and blankets $1.35.
Fare M-06. —B 22.
Fascisti Decree All Newspaper Editors
and Managers Must Have State Approval
ROME—New regulations for newspapers and any other kind of
periodicals have just been made
public here, as promulgated by the
Fascist government. The regulations are a further attempt to gag
evon the mildest opposition newspapers and journals and to thereby
accomplish the aim of the fascisti,
as expressed by M. Farlnacci, the
pnrty secretary, who declared that
the elections to parliament which
will take place in 1929 will result
In an all-fascist chamber of deputies.
Application must now be made
to the procurator general of the
appeal court by anyone who wishes
to become the manager or the responsible editor of any periodical,
in which full details must be given
as to the place of publication, details of Ills career, the status of the
paper's finances, the purpose ot the
periodical, as well as the composition staff—from printers to the
editors. Appeals against refusal
for a permit may be made to the
mlnlnster of justice who is, of
course, a bird of the same stripe
as the procurator general.
Permits must also be approved by
the local prefect, who is employed
to revoke permits ot editors and
manngers after conference with the
procurator. Deposits in cash must
he made with the local tribunal
equal to the value of the printing
plant, which Is liable to expropriation should the editor be prosecuted for violation of the press law.
The fascist government Is pretty
hard up when It must resort to such
outrageously naked dictatorial methods to obtain Its rule.
Debasing Conditions    Child Says He Made
in American Prisons      Mussolini Dictator
PHOENIX, Arlx.—(FP) — Condl-
WASHINGTON—(FP)—   Richard
are described as unsanitary, In
cases Immoral and "hotbeds of disease transmission and possible
epidemics, which have started in
thom several times," by tlie federal
grand jury. Tn the Maricopa county  jail   In   Phoenix,  white,  Negro
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FEARLESS Is Its light ngainst tlie forcos of reaction.
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OUR policy I" lo publish Labor news and views, free from fac-
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tlons In the county jails of Arizona   WmMmn ch*Idt wll0 wo9 Am(,,.lc„„
lnW,,^^e_a^P/lfl™CT!,.are..h,!!_ ambassador to Italy from 1921 until 1924, Is reported on high nuthority to hnve claimed credit, within
the past few weeks, for making
Mussolini dictator nf Italy.
Child has been ill Washington
for some time, playing tho role of
and Mexican women are "herded "into oo'oslst of the Black Shirts and of
two small rooms ncross the hall "•« ■-»•■<•'• u«,,t "Ulsnent pact,
from the bedrooms of the deputy The story Is in substance this:
sheriffs. Sex Intercourse with the Seeing the political confusion fn
Jnilers, deputies and others Is Italy ln the summer of 1922 reach-
charged by the jurors, ing a dangerous stage, Child cabled
In the juvenile department the HugheB thnt a dictator would be
children are confined in one room Bet up *p|,e 8ta*.e department UBked
nnd compelled to sleep on the floor whether the dictator would come
with the toilet in the same room. from the military or from civilian
A similar report made by the fed- -political life. Child hnd a private
eral grand jury on October 28, 1924, confer(.nc(. with Mussolini. Pres-
has been completely Ignored by the ently Mu8sonni showed greatly ln-
government.                                     creased boldness, marched his gun-
oppoitunlly of npiicarlng before the  ""-n ■*■> *«■■*<>• <*■*•* *h" t0*<** army
nonr(1 stood by while he seized the govern-
Mnlllng List ment'    K aPPear8 tnat Mussolini,
Aikins T*. Beckett H., Bates H., or someone  sympathetic with his
Brannlgan J., Bailley M., Campbell Plans, must have conveyed the lm-
J., Croker L. R., Coll J., Davie J., preeslon to the   bankers In Milan
Dobbin H„ Anderson W. R., Fraser that Wall Street would look favor-
J„ Gnllacher P., Jones N., Jones T„ ably upon his seizure of dictatorial
Lnrsen  Karl, Osterhout A.,  Pugh control of the 40,000,000 people of
A.  JL,  Rhodes Harry, Tarratt C, Italy.   Thla astonishing confession
Tl,ll, n. was made In a private gathering.
"FOLLOWING THE GLEAM"
(Continued from Page Three)
duties of the pastorate. I have come to realize that my
position in the church is an impossible one.
"I still maintain my loyalty to our common Master.
I still feel the call to service. I have no definite plans
for the future. It is unlikely that I shall enter the ministry of any other church. If it were possible, I would
still be willing to work under the direction of the Methodist Church. But I must be free to think and speak out
my own thoughts, and live out my own life.
"I take this step with no feeling of bitterness toward the church, and no sense of disloyalty to the
Master; but with the conviction that I must be sincere
at any cost, and with the belief that He who has been
my Guide in the past will still be my Guide—unto the
end."
A committee appointed by the District Meeting consisting of Principal J. W. Sparling, Dr. Wm. Sparling,
and Dr. S. P. Rose, urged me to reconsider my decision.
A Conference Committee, consiting of Rev. P. B. Stacey,
Rev. Thompson Ferrier, and Dr. James Elliott, after
carefully considering my statements brought in the following report:—
"The finding of your Committee:
"Having had a full and frank conversation with
Bro. James S. Woodsworth re the cause of his resignation, we find that there is nothing in his doctrinal beliefs and adhesion to our discipline to warrant his
separation from thc ministry of the Methodist Church,
and therefore recommend that his resignation be not
accepted and that his character be now passed."
LAMB LUMBER CO,
MENZIES BAY
FARE, exclusive of meals and
berth, $6.10, About 150 men
employed. Camp about Ave miles
from the beach Running four sides
(one cold-decking). Wages $3 low,
and taking It all round trom 25 to
50 cents lower than anywhere elso
on the Coast. The worst cook In
captivity. Alleged to have known
and cooked for Lamb In in the Klon-
dyke. "The northern lights have
seen queer sights" alright. Supplies poor but plentiful, and the
garbage would be passable If decently cooked.
Even the home-guards (Lamb's
lambs) are kicking, and talking regretfully of the dear dead days of
long ago, when thnt gentle lady.
Mulligan Maggie, dished out the liny
and oats. No fresh fruit on the
table, hut plenty ln tho office—nt
a price. Lamb runs a stump ranch
on thc side, with a small herd of
cows, and the cow-Jnlce, much diluted with water, takes the place of
the usual canned cow at breakfast.
All hands except the tratn crew, and
those working in camp, pack a nose
bag, which you DU yourself. If you
are wise you Ull It before breakfast, otherwise you won't get a great
deal. ,
This ouflt is not high-ball, but
everything is hay-wire, rigging,
donkeys, etc., etc. The raliroad ls
known as the world's worst. There
have been three fatalities here in
less thnn n year, and over a dozen
more or less bad accidents In thc
last three months.
This is the favorite stamping
ground of a number of elderly men
who could not "hit the ball" elsewhere. Lamb's is becoming much
as the Hastings used to be—nn old
man's home.
Ten slaves In a bunk-house, which
is not too bad. Quite some timo
since the bunkhouses hud their annual bath. Still you can't hnve
everything. Wash house nnd dry-
room poor. Sanitary conditions
very poor. Store charges in tlle
"robhorsary" are sky high; a half
pound tin of "Old Chum," which you
can buy In Cnmpbell River for 85c,
costs }1.10 here, and everything
else In proportion. The dry-room
is pre-empted nightly hy the gamblers—two sides running—stud and
black-jack.
A short stako camp for everybody
hut Lamb's lambs. Evory Friday,
boat day, there Is a miniature stampede. Men coming nnd going all
tVe time. A few "wobblies" among
those present, who while wniting
for "industrial freedom" are "putting in a little overtime."
Ride In and out to two sides on
u "crummy," which leaves camp at
7 a.m. The other two sides you
walk straight up the side ot a
mountain. Takes from 30 to 40 minutes to get to the job. Falling nnd
bucking ls by the trillion; ground
in general very rough—mostly side-
hill.
Pay once a month, but you can
"sub" under the usual conditions.
You must "have it coming." Thero
is an alleged " safety first" committee here, of which the camp
foreman is chairman, but ot course
it Ib of no use ns far ns the slaves
are concerned.
This outfit Is the poorest nnd
cheapest on the Coast, and ls an
excellent place to stay away from.
—T.
Profits Come First;
Wages Come Second
PHILADELPHIA—(FP) — Wnges
ot the 10,000 motormen and conductors ot the Philadelphia Rapid
Transit Co, are Z'& cents under the
1925 hourly rate because of the new
"market basket" method ot regulating pay by cost of certain picked
commodities*. The company announces that the change Is not done
to reduce wages but to make part
of the pay "dependent upon the confined efficiencies and economies of
the men, thus re-establishing the
principle that Increased wages
should reward Increased productive
effort."
The company alleges that Its
workmen, upon whom lt thrusts a
company union, "have agreed that
3'A cents of their present wage —
approximately 11,000,000 a year —
lie paid after instead of before tho
earning of the dividends on P.RT.
stock."
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THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Fiv>
M>m
LOOVtt
91$ County ft&bor ifaews
HUGE LABOR STRUGGLES LOOM IN BRITAIN
ROUmania j 0N»0N-A nevf Industrial crisis Thl8   ,„ tantamount to a lockout
rhe strike ot the Roumanian uni-  -V threatens   to   sweep   England threat, i
[•rslty students Is now In Its second within the next couple of months, The coal comm|Bslon has render-
(Sek, and 17,000 of them parade accqrdlng to Indications yhlch are ^ ltg report ln whlch lt emphatic-,
le streets of the principal cities, causing serious concern and tret- My ^onum^, that the govern-
|tu8lng to attend their schools, ting among business and financial ment mbgliy &**, discontinued at the
, attempt to beat Jews. Thous- circles In this country. Careful end ot Afttt anl never revived. The
of soldiers are on the streets observers agree that there are big exectttiTe committee of the miners'
fixed bayonets In an attempt struggles ahead for British labor unl(m ,„ rae6t|Bg regularly with the
prevent trouble. The students, and the Issue has been brought put genei.al council of the Trades Union
fwever, are handled very tenderly with Increasing sharpness by the congress and with the co-opera-
the Roumanian troops even threatened lockout of engineers tlve|. )n 1)reparat|0n for the miners'
lei) the former are guilty of start- (machinists) and the report of the • struggle tu May.
coal commission which has been received with considerable nervousness over Its consequences by the
press.
All the engineering trades of the
Lancashire textile area have presented a proposnl for an advance In
wages. A similar proposal by tlle
London DUtrlct Engineering Trades
riots. The solicitude of the
ips towards the antl-semetlc
|dents Is in strong contrast to
brutality towards Tartar-
liar peasants and radical workers
T peasants ot Roumania and Bas-
(abla.
Industriai conflict ls likely to
break out In a number of other Important Industries. The Textile
Workers' Union and the Union ot
the Agricultural Workers are also
involved. The union leaders and
the raijk and file are, however, determined to stand by their guns In
ti   t. l/inuon District uubiuuuims iiuubu .,,.,  _--AJU. —..-,_,.*
HalU committee was held np In conse- 'he *»* *. Bn,0I,en ** •" *"
a vote of lit tp 27 the fascist  quepce o( the refusal ot the bosses  *™ ,a,r<f,y. f,en.■**,"? n°
jtal and labor bill, declaring the  to meet the unionists owing tq the tnat tuejr lnt*ntt t0 hold fl"t
|tlty of these two forces, has Btrike at Hoe's, w'hpre seven out of     "March Way see a number of trade
, passed by the senate, follow-  the nine hundred strikers'are mem- uhlon grlveances coming to ahead.
la most rhetorical address by  bel.s of tl,6 Amalgamated Engineers  It would be a very good policy lf
lollnl.   The new law will wipe  (jn|on.    "" these could be fbrnfula'ted In such
Ithe catholic unions as thor- Ti,e e(tect ot a threatened lockout a way as to make one common
lly as the brutally repressive o{ the workers In the engineering stand upon the one common prints of the dictator have already industry, which Seems apparent c|Ple of a demand for a living wage
Joyed the regular trade union ttom the hard-boiled attitude of Sir 'or a11 workers," Bald A. J. Cook,
linent. Provisions ln it estab- Anan smith, chairmnn of the Allied secretary of the miners' federation.
Employers' National Federation,
may prove very far-reaching. The
unions are demanding a national
20 shillings Increase and Smith has
|labor magistrates to be appolnt-
t the government.   Before these
be brought all labor disputes
Ithe decisions ot these officials
7 have tlle force of law.
"I should think the people ln Norfolk who grow1 our food have every
reason tp be discontented. Their
conditions    are   Inhuman.     They
Germany
7,000,000 Germans hnve s
jed the demand for the expro- !
[lion ot tiie property formerly }
Tfed by the various princes. This {
1,000,000 more than the number i
declured that lf they attempt to en- only receive 28 shillings per week,
dorse their demand the employers I am Just going away to a most lin-
wlll resist to "the fullest extent." portant conference Qf our men which
Is being held at Norwich. We expect about 200 delegates, and they
will thrash out the details ot our
future policy," was the statement
of R. B. Walker, national secretary
of the Agricultural Workers' Unton.
"The policy of forcing down
wagea ot workers in all industries,"
commented Ben Turner, the president of the Textile Workers' Union,
"and the consequent number of unemployed ln the country, Is playing
havoc with the worsted, woollen, and
allied trades."
And J. T. Brownlle, president of
the Joint Trade Union Committee,
which is negotiaing for a raise ln
wages for the engineers, when he
Was g|Ven the ultimatum ofthe
bosses that they refused to grant
the Increase, declared that the unions "had nothing further to add."
It signs mean anything, the master c|ass ln Great Britain Is going
to have a sharp time ot It In the
coming months. The labor movement Is In a more militant state
than It has been for many yearB,
with the disintegration of the British Empire on the one hand, the
worsening ot conditions of the British worker, ahd the growing
strength of the left wing within the
unions. Just as one of the latest
indications of the growing spirit of
solidarity Is the announcement Just
made that the Iron and Steel Trades
Confederation has decided by an
overwhelming majority to affiliate
with the industrial alliance.
REMfeMfeER  TtiESE  NAMES
THE NATURAl LAW OT CO-OPERATION
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Backache, Sprains, Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troubles
SIXTH FLOOR
(115 DOMINION BANK BUILDING
20" HASTINGS ST. H. Phone Seymour MM
LOOSE SCREWS ANO NUTS
By ADAM COALDIGGEIt
(ally required and Indicates the  ..,l„„„„„„„„„„„.,»,;.;;„;„„>>„„„,1
ular support given his measure,
ordlng to German law the
Lhstag must now vote upon the
[roprlatlon bill. If It Is dlsap-
l-ed it will go to a referendum of
J nation. 20,000,000 voters have
bote for It In order that It may
bme a la*.
France
' the elections for two members
Ihe French chamber ot deputies,
(combined capitalist parties were
to poll but 47,000 votes; the
.imunists polled 38,000 and the
JJallBts 13,000. Due to the law
■eh provides that a candidate
fit receive a majority of the votes
. a new election wtll he held.
IF SOME fellow used a life saving
belt as a parachute, you wouldn't
blame It on the belt it he broke his
neck, would you? And If another
guy lathered hla face with the razoi
and shaved himself wtth the strap,
that wouldn't be anything against
razors and straps, would it? You'd
simply set these fellows down as
being cracked in the beanery and
let go at that. But do ypu know
that you and I and the rest of us
ore doing crazier things than tlu'se
other nuts and think nothing alout
It? In fact, thinking nothing nbout
things is our specialty. Else, how
come that we use labor-saving devices to make ub work more? Do
you get me?   No?
Well. I didn't imagine for a second that the bald statement of an
obvious fact would go home nt the
first crack, so let me explain the
obvious.
* . *     *
Gilbert nnd Pogue, two scientists
who were hired by tlle Smithsonian Institute to tabulate the visible
supply of loose screws in this enlightened   democracy,   claim   that
Colombia
lerrorlzation of organized labor
polombia is reported to the Pan-
erlcan Federation of Labor in
Ulngton b.v the central national
fir contederatlon ot Colombia, In
[memorial sent from Bogota.
Jior men are declared imprisoned
■limit cause, following the recent
\et   railway   strike,   and   their  e.vf.-v T' woman an^ child has   lark"-which Is also a bird.
ises searched.    The Pan-Amerl
before. They even make us work
harder than the dumb brutes who
haven't got a single tool outside
those that nature gave them as an
aid in the pursuit of llfe.liberty
and happiness.
*    *    .
Take the robin for an Illustration.
What labor-saving device has he
besides a keen ear, a pair of sharp
eyes and a long bill? He hops
around your lawn—on which he
don't pay rent or tax. He cocks his
head to one side listening to a fool
worm who tries to get in high society, A quick peck and the
c|lmber wriggles in the bread basket ot Mr. Robin. The meal ls over
and neither check to pay nor dishes
to wash. Call him a dumb brute
if you will, but please remember
that without a single labor-saving
device this bird makes a good living, raises and educates five or six
young ones every year, goes south
for Ihe winter and north for the
summer. He Is his own boss, does
as he pleases. Every day is payday and play day. In short, he's
"free as a bird" and "happy as a
labor body ia asked to make
Ilk* the news ot this ill-treat-
lit, which ls accompanied by
tclal attempts to break up the
ons and break strikes.
JRAND    HOTEL
CLARK-   J. KANE, Props.
Vancouver, B. C.
| A Popular Priced Hotel
[lot and Cold Running Water
Steam Heat
Newly  Decorated
New Fixtures
[Dining Room in Connection
HATKSi Wc Per Day and Up
telephone: 24 Water St.
Bey. 1492    Opp. Union S.S. Co.
AUTOMOBILES
IWe have Some Good Buys In
3UARANTEED USED CARS
Cash Payment As Low as (£5
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7405   IMS Gran. St
thirty slaves working for them,
wliich means one hundred and fifty
slnves per family. (Loud and prolonged guffaws).
Well, wait, can't you? The
slaves theBe .gentlemen are talking
ahout are not like the black slaves
your granddad didn't own "befo'
the wa'." They are steam, electricity, water power and machinery. In short, they are the labor-
saving devices which litter up
every nook and corner ot this great
nntion.
Now the purpose of labor-saving
devices, as everybody should know
—and nobody does—ls to save labor. But do they? Friends and
fellow inmates, they do nothing of
the kind. At no time In the history of our fool race have men
worked harder than they do now.
Everybody Is bustling, hustling and
go-getting at top speed with tlie exception of the idle rich, and they
kill thomsolves trying to find new
ways of killing time. But not only
do our boasted labor-saving devices
force us to work harder than ever
Out of Town Readers!
Please remember that any of the business houses
advertising in the Advocate will attend carefully to your mail orders.
Now. how about you birds? Suppose you Uve in Chicago or any
other of our pro-hysteric cliff
dwelleries. You are surrounded by
nil the labor-saving devices that
were invented since Cain made a
stone axe to brain his brother Abel.
In short, you are one of those one
hundred and ten million free-horn
slave owners who has thirty staves
tolling for him. So you are jerked
out of the arms of Morpheus by a
six bit alarm clock (labor-saving
device) at Ave a.m. in the morning.
You poke a quarter In the gas
meter (labor-saving device) grab a
doughnut (dough-Baring device),
chase for the street car (walk-saving device), hang on a strap (spaca-
saving device), punch a time clock
(straw boss-saving device), and for
the balance of the day you perform
the endless series of twists, jerks,
spasms and Saint Vitus variations
demanded by the particular machine you serve (heavy on the
serve).
Labor-saving devices—tell it to
Sweeney, All that we machine
piggly wigglys ever got out of them
is more work, worry and weariness.
...        |
In order to fully understand tlle
slnve driving proclivities of labor-
saving devices, I must make a brief
excursion into the realm of economics. Put ou your thinking caps.
Deep stuff is coming.
To start with, what is tke purpose ot Industry?
"To supply human wants."
Wrong.
The purpose of Industry Is to
make proflt. Invest the profits in
labor-saving devices for the acquisition of more profits and so on.
Now the UBUal way of making a
profit is to produce the greatest
possltle quantity of goods at the
lowest possible cost and sell It at
the highest possible price to somebody not yet revealed. And In
order to make goodB cheap and In
ungodly quantities, we must have
labor-saving devices, for the party
who makes the most tor the least,
grabs the plums. Thus there starts
a race for labor-Baving devices
somewhat of the same nature as
the race for killing 'devices by
Which one nation tries to out-kill
the other. Every time a new gun
—I mean labor-Saving device—Is
Invented,' whole batteries or generations ot similar devices are thrown '
on the junk heap and new ones
installed.
For instance, let's say that I, having a generous supply of loose
screws in my hend, go in the screw
manufacturing business. 1 have
machines that turn out 2,000 screws
per minute. By and by I discover
that my competitor In the Screw
line has machines that produce
3,000 screws per minute. So I
scrap my machines and get new
ones that turn out 4,000 per minute. No sooner said and done,
when my competitor buys machines
that turn out o,000 per minute.
In tlle meantime, tlle market Is
clegged with screws. So I turn
looso a swarm of salesmen to sell
my screws. So does my competitor to sell Ills screws. 1 add to my
sales force. So does he. 1 advertise my screws. He follows suit.
I go hlm one better.
Rut and b.v it costs more to sell
screws than to make screws. What
the race for Improved labor-saving
devices Is not eating up Is devoured
by selling nnd advertising campaigns. Iu tlle end, the waste and
fury of competition Increases the
price of screws so that less of
them nre used. Thereupon, equipment and man power are thrown
in idleness and there are too many
screws, screw-makers and screw
fnctories just as there is too much
coal, too many miners and too
many mines.
(Continued on page 6)
IT COSTS LESS TO BUY HERE
Men's Nifty Suits, latest styles ... .#17.50 to f35.00
Men's Dress Oxfords, tan calf -94*75 to 97*50
Dr. Reid's Cushion Soles, in three lasts.
EVKKV WORKER NEEDS OVEKAI/LS
Headlight Overalls and Work Shirts carry the Union Label.
Prices Fair.
W. B. BktTMMlTT
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST
■•—■—' — ■♦
MEN!
MAKE THIS YOUR STORE!
Every man that is a friend of Labor will further his interests by buying here.
Suits from 114.75 to $37.50
We carry a complete line of men's furnishings; work and
dress clothing.     Our strong guarantee goes with every
sale we moke.    SATISFACTION OK MONEY BACK.
Mall orders receive prompt arid careful attention.
WRAY  &  McKEE   LTD.
52 Hastings St. West Vanconver, B.C.
*»■<**.m'**n*e''*.'—"—"—»—"»^»'n»nin*..*...*..*.* ■—■.*." m.*.,*..**,
N*
SICKNESS THE RESULT OF DEFECTIVE TEETH
DR. W. J. CURRY, DENTIST
OFFICE!  -01  DOMINION  BUILDING
Phoae —j. VU for Appointment
DOCTORS are now .recognizing the relationship between diseased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two Some physician sends me a patient to
have bin teeth attended to, and jn the majority of cases the doctor's suspicions are confirmed,' and the health Improves when the
Dental needs have been supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and
this In turn depends on mastication.
DR. CURRY combines Long Experience with most Up-to.
date Methods.
YOUR   EASTER
Outfit will not be complete without
NEW SHOES
We can suit every member of the family
at reasonable prices.
ROBINSON & WARREN LTD.
1087 Granville Street
Opp. Standard Furniture Co.
— Stay at the —
Hotel Stratford
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER  STREET
Phone Sey. 6121
P.   OIOVANDO,   JOHN   THA
200 Elegantly Furnished
Rooma.
60  Rooms   with  Private  Bath
Moderate Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Insist On Our Label
VANCOUVER
CREAMERY
BUTTER
Guaranteed Finest Quality
*...*-*►.—.. Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
March 25th, 1926.
Jubilee Labor Hall Notes
LOOSE SCREWS AND NUTS
Princes Are Born
to Dirty Business
ON WEDNESDAY evening, March
17th, the above branch met for
their regular meeting. There was
not the usual large attendance ot
members owing to the inclement
weather.
The demand for per capita tax
from Greater Vancouver Central
Council of CUP. was received and
It was resolved that payment of
eame be made immediately.
That reminds us, some ot our
comrades ore a little behind in
their dues. Kindly look at your
membership cards and see how you
Btand, Payment can be made any
Wednesday or Saturday night at
the Labor Hall, or to H. S. Bate,
treasurer, 2331 Gray avenue, Jubilee.
On a resolution of the branch, the
proceeds of socinl and dance held
in the hall on Saturday, March 6th.
amounting to ?1S, have been for*
warded to thc Burnaby May Day
committee as a donation.
A motion carried to devote the
proceeds of "500" drive and dance,
Saturday, March 20th, to muslo,
etc., for the newly-formed orchis*
tra ot the branch.
Our next regular meeting will he
be held on Wednesdny, March 31st
at 8 p.m. Come along and take part
in the discussion.
The Study group met as us mi
Notice to Contractors:
CEALED TENDERS, endorsed tenders for Mobcrlcy School, addressed to Mr. Alex. Graham, secretary of
thc School Trustees of South Vancouver, 4547 Main St.. South Vancouver,
will bc received up to the hour of 5
p.m., Monday, April 5th. 1926. for
the erection and completion of a six-
room addition and basement to the
Walter Mobcrlcy School building at
61st and Ross St.
Plans, specifications may be obtained at the office of thc secretary or the
undersigned.
. Tenders must bc made out on the
architect's form of tender and enclosed with a marked cheque equal
to 5 per cent, of thc amount of
tender.
. The trustees do not bind themselves to accept thc lowest or any
tender.
BOWMAN 8 CULLERNE,
I   ' Architects.
525 Seymour St., Vancouver, B. C.
laBt Wednesday and those present
spent a most enjoyable and Instructive evening.
Ladles' Auxiliary
Ladles' Auxiliary are working at
top pressure on the bazaar which
will be held in the afternoon of
Thursday, April 1st, at the Labor
Hall. With such a manifestation
of the co-operative spirit the affair
should te a great success whether
measured in pleasure or finance.
On the evening of the same day, we
nre promised a 500 drive and dance
under the auspices of the Ladies'
Auxiliary. The fun, the music, tho
coffee! Don't miss this!
Junior Labor League
A whist drive and dance was
held in the Hall on Thursday given
by the Jubilee J.L.L. This was the
second sponsored by the -juniors
and proved a great success.
The juniors are planning a hike
up Grouse Mountain on Sunday,
April 4th, and looking forward to
the event with evident pleasure. All
young people over 15 years of age
are welcome at the Junior Labor
League who want to learn economics, debating, public speaking
and parliamentary procedure.
Belgian Workers
Combat Fascisti
BRUSSELS.—f There are nearly
600,000 workers who, at the first
attempt on the part of the Fascists
will rise in a formidable movement
to bar the way," is part of a manifesto issued by the trade union
committee and general council of
the Belgian Labor Party. The two
bodies met together to draw plans
for resisting the Belgian fascists
who have announced their intention of smashing the advancing
labor movement and setting up a
dictatorship, based on the Italian
model.
As a beginning a labor military
organization of 34,000 workers ls
to be set up. Plans are being laid
for the mobilization of half a million more, should tlle need arise.
Military experts In the Labor
movement form a general staff.
(Continued from pkge 5)
Thus the slave has become master. The thirty servitors that you,
I ami the rest of the nuts are supposed to have working for us, lash
us from, workhouse to heartbreak-
house and bughouse. While our Industrial plants are overflowing with
nuts, and our penal Institutions
with criminals, which means a
different sort of nuts.
* *     .
Everybody is hell-bent on doing
something or some one. Everybody is striving, slaving, scheming
to beat everybody else. Drive
yourself. Drive others. Get ahead.
Find work. It you can't find it,
make work. Work for the night is
coming. Work and save. Save and
work. Brag that you work day
and night. Brag that you haven't
had a day oil in years. Brag that
you started work at the age of nine
and that you are still at it at the
.age of seventy.
I Never mind peace and tranquility. Forget beauty, song and play.
Forget flowers, birds and murmuring brooks. Forget May days, love
and youth. Forget life Itself. Hark.
The machine Is calling for the merry race. Turn your hearts into
force pumps. Convert your brains
into wheels. Change your hands
Into grabbing hooks. Go.—the
machine is setting the pace. Follow, fools.
* *     *
"Well, Professor Adam, what
would you do with labor-saving devices?   Destroy them?"
No, children, I would not destroy them. I only suggest how
nice things might be It mankind
had sense enough to employ labor-
saving devices to save labor.
* *    *
The audience wlll now rise on Its
hind legs and repeat In slow and
solemn tones:
"Dear Father In Heaven. Thou
hast blessed us with untold riches.
Our mountains are pregnant with
gold and silver. Our hills give
forth coal and Iron. Our fields yield
.wheat and corn. Our prairies spout
oil and gas. Yea, and even our
statesmen spout hot air. The hams
are ripening on the pig and the
eggs In the hen.    But alas, thou
has also given us labor-saving devices, wherefore the mocking birds
are mocking us and the mud turtles call us mutts for these labor-
saving devices make us toll like
galley slaves and we have no more
peace and rest than a flea-bitten
dog with seven pups and a tom-cat
for a neighbor. Therefore, we beseech thee to take these labor-saving devices from us, or tell us what
good there is In them, so that we
may be as happy and carefree as
the beasts of the fields, the birds of
tlle air and the fish of the deop,
who have no labor-saving devices
to make I hem work like fools.—
Amen."
—The Stone Cutters' Journal.
. NEW YORK— (FP)—The third annual conference of Pioneer Youth,
labor's organization for. children,
opens ln New York March 3. Over
100 local unions and central bodies
and at least fifteen International
unions will be represented. The
conference will plan children's clubB
and summer camps throughout the
country.
CHICA.GO—(FP)—A killer of
women and children is being
fawned upon by society and the big
businesB papers of Chicago. Interviewed as Boon as he jumped off the
train he said he had renounced hla
claim to a throne (9 times removed) becnuse: "For me, I think being a king ls a dirty business."
So he took an airplane and has
been helping France fight the Riff
tribes in Morocco* The tribesmen
had no airplanes to meet him and
he spent his time bombing their
villages where the native women
and children lay huddled waiting
for the war to end.
His next step was to capitalize
his bulletproof murder exploits by
making the rounds of the American
lecture circuit.
Who is this hero?
He Is one of the few remaining
princelings of Europe, prince Aage
of Denmark.
GARMENT  WORKER).
VICTORIOUS
BOSTON—(FP)—The strike
3000 women's garment workel
ended In victory within two weel
ot Ita adoption. The Intl. Ladl]
Garment Workers union and val
ed cloak and dress Jobbers e*\
manufacturers associations sign
the agreement several days aft
the Itrst outbreak ln .employer!
ranks brought settlement In 0—\
employing 160 workers.
The new agreement permits unt|
agents    to    examine     employ
bookB to see that work is being I
only to union shops when contrt
ed out.
*—-*-—■—■—■———'-'
The cost of administration of the
British Unemployment Insurance
ActB during the year ended March
31, 1925, was £4,494,760.
EASTER  SHOES
MEN'S OXFORDS
—in   Patent  Brown  and «.-.*■    •-—-   • •
Black Calf.  All styles and
sizes    to    choose   from.
New Spring Stock, just arrived,
Special $4.95 to $6.85
WOMEN'S   SPRING   FOOTWEAR
—all the Newest Styles. A big assortment to choose
from. See these before buying. Satins, Patents, Black
and Brown Kid and Calf.    In straps and Oxfords.    They
are wonderful values at  $3.95 to $5.85
Our Men's Work Boots  $3.95
Boys' School Boots  ....$2.95
Kibler's Shoe Store
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.        (Almost Opp. the Library)
Severe!
Case oi
J. J. EF FORD
Tottei
Mr.   Efford   is   a   grocer  of tj
city, at 2250 Cambie St.,
a resident of Vancouver foj
number of years.
At   his   highly-equipped   Cardl
Street sanitarium Dr. J. L. Tl
ten speedily and completely hc=fT
mc of a severe case of bleeding J
protuding piles, from which 1 s|
fercd daily for ten years.
A remarkable feature of the ci
is  there  was absolutely  no  p.iT
no bleeding and no surgery, abfl
thc treatment.
Judging  by   my   own  desire
help, which I sought almost dJ
in  vain,   I  cheerfully  and voluj
tartly   make   this   statement
publication, trusting it may bej
value to others.
Dr, Totten, to my mind, has i
ccptional skill, and I feel I shod
give   to   my   unqualified  endorj
ment of his work thc widest ■
culation.
Anyone   wishing   to   verify   tl]
statement may do so by calling n
at Fair. 2037L. Anyone suffcril
with piles and wishing to const!
Dr. Totten will find the Sanitaa
urn at  13 15 Cardero Street,   11
blocks south of Davie. Take cith|
Davie or Robson street cars (Is
2 or No. 5) to Cardero.
JOHN   JAMES   EFFORD.
658 Tenth Avenue East
Vancouver, B. C.
2424 MAIN ST.
AT 8th AVE.
R. H. STEWART Co. Ltd.
Phone—
FAIR. 2512
Spring Apparel for
Women and Misses
R. H. STEWART & CO. have been in business at their present location for 15 years, and. have had very many requests from their
customers to instal a LADIES' READY TO WEAR DEPARTMENT.   We are pleased to announce that such a Department was
installed a few weeks ago, and now you can choose from a complete and select stock of	
COATS, SUITS and DRESSES
WE INVITE YOU TO COME AND SEE OUR DISPLAY
A SMALL DEPOSIT WILL PUT YOU IN IMMEDIATE POSSESSION OF ANY GARMENT IN THE STORE.   The
balance you can pay in small weekly amounts convenient to yourself.
NEW SPRING COATS
We are pleased to offer you all that is new in Coats for Misses and Women. Shown in the Tailored Mannish Effects, Flare Skirts or Straight
Lines; prices $18.75 to $39.00
JUST ARRIVED	
A large shipment of Cotton Dresses for Women, large or small. Smart
enough for street or beach; made of striped or fancy check Ginghams
with trimmings of plain contrasting shades or touch of hand embroidery.
Sizes 16 to 44 and 39 to 51; Prices $12*95    $3.95    $4*95
LOVELY SILK DRESSES
at $19.75
Developed from excellent quality Canton Crepe, in the new flare style
or straight lines, with side pleating. Shown in the season's best shades,
both light and dark. Several smart styles to choose from, all daintily
trimmed, with touches of hand embroidery.   Sizes 16 to 44.
SMART DRESSES OF NOVELTY FLANNEL
$7.85
Fashioned from fine, pure wool flannel, with wide border on skirt and
neat band trimming on collar, cuffs and pockets. A full showing of all
the new sport shades as well as darker ones.  Sizes 16 to 44.
2424 MAIN ST.
AT 8th AVE.
R. H. STEWART Co. Ltd.
Phone—
FAIR. 2512

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