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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate 1925-07-10

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With JThich Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.   No. 28
Eight Pages
Vancouver Workers Demand Hands
Economic Invasion
Of Canada by United
States Grows Apace
[By Scott Nearing]
(Federated Press Staff Corr.)
Economic invasion of Canada by
United States investors continues
year after year. The Financial
Post Survey (Toronto) for 1925,
credits Great Britain with $1,860,-
000,000 of Canadian investments in
1918 and $1,996,000,000 in 1923,
an increase of about 7 per cent.
At the same time United States
investments In Canada jumped
from $417,000,000 in 1918 to $2,-
478,000,000 in 1923, a gain of 500
per cent.
John Bull Losing Out
British Investments were 77 per
cent of total outside investments
in 1918 and 42 per cent ln 1923.
United States investments were 17
per cent in 161-8*and 52 por cent,
in 1923.
One significant item is the sale
of Canadian bonds. In 1913, $277,-
500,000 of Canadian bonds were
sold In Great Britain, $50,700,000
In the United States, and $45,600,-
000 were sold in Canada. Bond
sales for 1924 show $336,800,000
sold in Canada; $239,500,000 in the
United States, and $3,600,000 in
Great Britain. (Monetary Times,
Jan. 9, 1925).
Rapidly and surely the economic
invasion continues. Inevitably, in
its wake, must go an ultimate shift
of political power.
Trades Council Flays Imperialist Exploitation
•TVHERE are 240,000 textile
A workers in China; only
8 per cent are organized.
There are 200,000 metal
workers in China; only 10
per cent, are organized.
There are 200,000 miners
ln China; only 2 per eent. are
There are 200,000 railway
and transport workers in
China; only 64 per cent, are
There are 180,000 chemical
workers in China; only 12
per cent, are organized.
About 1,500,000 industrial
workers ln all, of whom 180,
000 are organized.
South China Per Week
Skilled Workers   $2.50 to $6.25
Workers .... 1.25 to .2.50
Central China Per Week
Skilled Cotton
Operatives $2.00 to $3.75
Unskilled Cotton
Operatives       .75 to   1.50
Women and Children get
from 60 to 00 per cent, of
men's wages.
T>¥ UNANIMOUS VOTE the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, at its last meeting, passed a resolution calling for the lm*-
medlate withdrawal of foreign
warships from China; indemnity
for the families of those killed
and injured, and the punishment
of those responsible for firing on
unarmed Chinese. The resolution
"Whereas: The interests of all
members of the working class, in
their struggles against the master
class, are identical, whether they
be fought out in the highly industrialized countries of Europe and
America or in the backward Oriental countries where capitalism
is only beginning to show its
tangs; and
"Whereas: The industrialization
of China has reached that stage
of modern civilization where 250,-
000 textile workers ln Shanghai
have been compelled to strike
against the miserable and degrading conditions of life imposed
upon them by the owners of the
cotton mills, all of which are foreign owned,. nine-tenths . being
British   and   Japanese;    the   de-
■ imands of the workers being
such as any body of workers, in
no matter what country, must
support, as, for instance—reduction of hours of labor, present
hours being 12 to 13 1-2, seven
days per week; increase of wages,
the average wage now paid being
under the subsistence level; and
"Whereas: In the interests of
the mill owners, police and marines, under the control and direction of British officials, have
shot down unarmed strikers and
sympathizers to the number of
over a hundred, and wounded
hundreds more, rifle and machine
gun fire being kept up for six
days, during which time not one
white man or woman was included in the casualty lists, proving
the peaceful character of the
workers' activities, notwithstanding the lying propaganda of the
capitalist poison-gas press; and
"Whereas: The British trade
union movement has declared
against any continued imperialistic
aggression against me Chinese
people; therefore
"Be It Resolved: That this Vancouver Trades and. Labor Council
only ♦ demands
that the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada issue a
pronouncement against any interference by the Canadian government in the internal affairs of
the Chinese people in the interests of groups of foreign concessionaires and imperialist robbers,
who are mercilessly draining the
life blood of the Chinese workers;
"Be It Further Resolved: That
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council extends fraternal greetings to the workers of China, and
support them in their demands,
formulated since "the murderous
attacks by the British hireling
thugs, as follows:
"(1) Immediate cessation of the
use of armed force against Chinese civilians.
"(2) Punishment or inose responsible for firing on unarmed
workers and  students.
"(3) Indemnity for the families
of the killed and injured.
"(4) immediate withdrawal of
foreign troops and warships.
"(5) Revision of the treaties
granting concessions and immunities to alien powers in the treaty
Vancouver Chinese
Explain the Causes
Of Trouble in China
HI Hi |  I  I  |   |   |  | I  |   I   I
Deposed Aristocrats
Now Scab For C.P.R.
When the "EmpresS' of Asia"
arrives here from the Orient she
will have as her crew some 300
Russian bluebloods, who, driven
out of the Russian Workers' Republic, were glad of an opportunity to scab upon the striking
Chinese workers in Hong-Kong.
These ex-members of the'decadent Russian bureaucracy sought
refuge in China, and while in that
country managed to eke out an
existence by acting as foreign
spies, police pimps, runners for
brothel houses, and other occupations ln keeping with their parasitical training.
WASHINGTON. — Fifty-two per
cent, of the workers in the open-
hearth furnace department of the
steel trust plants worked 1 days a
week, last year, according to a government report, while an additional
32 per cent, worked 7 days one
week and 6 days the next. This is
more 7-day work than was done in
any previous year. In the blast
furnace department, 80 per cent,
worked 7 days a week, as against
58 per cent in 1914.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
July 25th will be a public holiday for all carpenters in the City
of Vancouver.
On that date local carpenters
will stage a joint picnic at Bowen
Island, and no union carpenters
will be at work.
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
Highlights on This
Week's News
Vancouver Trades Council Says
"Hand  Off  China"      1
Russian Nobility Scab for Canadian  Corporation   '.      1
Canada Invaded-by  U.S.   Capital....     1
Irish Workers  Starving  5
BritiBh  Officer   Murders   Strikers.... 7
British   TradeB    Congress    Congratulates Chinese   7
Ilmperialism in China       1
New Zealand  Workers  Unite      8
Monster K.K.K. Parade in Washington    ~  8
Mine Workers in Educational Drive 5
Labor Battles in U. S. in 1925  6
Boston Building T nionists in Fight 6
Trade Schools Fetter
Minimum Wage Board
That "trade schools," which
purport to give women and girls
a technical training, militates
against the successful operation
of the B.c; Minimum Wage Board,
is the charge made by officers
of that body in their annual report.
Girls are frequently mulcted of
fees ranging from $75 to $100,
and often receive either no training at all, or else something that
is useless. The court rules that
people who pay for a training
and receive no wages are not employees, and therefore do not
come within the scope of the act.
MOSCOW.—Five years have already elapsed qince the oil wells of
Baku wero nationalized after the
victory of the proletarian dictatorship in Azerbaidjan. During these
five years the process of oil getting has very much developed. The
technical equipment has been partly renewed by American machines,
and electric power has been introduced.
Society has just two mortal enemies—the man who will not speak
his mind and the man who tries
to close the mouths of those who
do not think as he does.— T. L.
TDRUTAL TREATMENT and starvation wages paid Chinese
workers by foreign exploiters are
the principal causes of the present trouble in the Orient, according to information in the possession of the leaders of the Chinese
Benevolent Association in Vancouver.
The present trounle. began in
Tsingtao, a province adjacent to
Shanghai, in the cotton mills
owned by Japanese and run by
Japanese foremen, the Vancouver
Chinamen say. These mills employed child labor ranging from 6
to 12 years. They toiled twelve
hours per day, receiving only an
occasional holiday, and no Sundays off, for the starvation pittance of $3.00 per month in
Shanghai money..
These conditions were admitted
to be correct by a committee that
investigated the conditions in the
Shanghai mills, and the mill owners had half the committee. Together with these long hours and
low wages, the Japanese bosses
had the right to Inflict corporal
punishment upon both children
and adults. Whenever the children wanted to play they were
beaten~ip by the overseers, and a
Chinese parent having the same
feelings as any other parent, resented this brutality.
The workers at Tsingtao came
out on strike and were out for
some time, but nothing was done
until the mills at Shanghai struck
in sympathy. A parade was held,
the police "butted in," and one
striker was killed. The students
at Shanghai then lent their aid
to the strikers and a larger parade was held, but was met with
a hail of bullets from Indian po-
(Continued on page 2)
ACCORDING     to     official
*~ Chinese statistics tlie
following rotes of wuges exist ut Shanghai. Textile, tobacco, and shipbuilding arc
the principal industries.
Textile Workers       Per Day
Men, skilled   20c.to.36c
Women, skilled.... 18c to 36c
Children   15c to 28c
Mcn, unskilled .... 20c to 25c
Women, unskilled 18c to 25c
Engineers   00c to 80c
Carpenters   42c to SOc
Blacksmiths   00c to 00c
Coolies    25c to 30c
Tobacco Workers 25c to 44c
Railwaymen Per Week
Porters    $2.75
Signalmen       2.75
Locomotive Engineers..   6.25
Locomotlvo Firemen....   2.50
»hii|ii>'|»ihii>ii|ihii|i>i|iii iii |.i.i m iimn Page Two
Friday, July 10; lffi
A Page for the Man on the Land
Crop Prospects On the
the progress of the crop on the
prairies will be of interest to numerous residents on the coast.
Tiie reasons, of course, will vary
greatly. Some who reside by the
sea in preference to the sloughs
and mosquitoes are waiting for
their tenauts to uyli'.er their portions to the elevators so that they
might have their miuda at rest
and not be troubled with the
thought of returning to the wonderful chores. But the interest
of our own friend3 up there will
chiefly be that they will be able
to secure berths on the Pullman,
to be here on time to stook, and
that they will be hardened sufficiently to manipulate the fork by
threshing time.
Well, I can bring comfort to
all at this date. But it is like
the fly-pads—only effective so
long as moist. Crops have grown
very quickly these last two weeks,
and there are better prospects
over a wider territory than for
several years. But a crop is
never sure until it is in the pool;
and Pool and Co-opei-aiive Marketing sums up tiie activities of
the farmers.
Several things contrributed to
the* apathy of the farmers here in
Saskatchewan in the recent provincial elections, but their, growing faith in economic rather than
in political organizations to solvS
their problems was the main reason, and it is good for farmers
to follow this road for a time, as
it will give them more understanding of industrial organizations and make for a better understanding  of  labor  difficulties.
Russian Farmers Get
a Luxurious Hotel in
Moscow From Gov't
fNotes and Comment of
Interest To Farmers
Farm Machinery Trust
Has Ally in U. S. Gov't
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Farmers have
been denied relief from exactions
of the agricultural machinery
monopoly in eastern territory, by
a formal decision of the Humph-
rey-Hunt-Vah Fleet majority in
the federal trade commission to
dismiss the commission's complaint against the combine. Commissioners Nugent and Thompson
dissented, us usual, from this
scrapping of the commission's
work. The complaint charged
conspiracy in price-fixing and
eliminating competition of non-
memuer dealers, and also charged
that the combine tried to cut off
the supply of implements and
equipment to farmers' co-operative associations in the Atlantic
seaboard states.
CLEVELAND.—Figs and children share in the advantages of
education in many parts of southern Ohio, according to educators
in summer conference in Cleveland.
The pigs wallow In pens under the
schooihouse. One schoolmaster
with experience in the Philippines
declared that many rural Ohio
schools rank far below the Filipino
(Federated  Press Correspondent.)
MOSCOW. — The peasants of
Moscow province have a center in
the capital devoted exclusively to
their welfare. Heretofore they
have come to the central House
of the Peasants for free legal advice, for technical and agricultural information, for meals and
lodging, but with the opening of
their own place the central house
will devote itself to the peasants
of the nation, and the new house
will specialize for this province.
A Former Palace
The House of the Moscow Peasants was formerly an expensive
hotel and restaurant known as
the Hermitage Olivier. When a
few speculators were making a
lot of money this was a popular
place and there was much expensive hilarity in the garden-cafe
and in the sumptuous rooms.
With the suppression of this class
of privateers by the government,
the place became available for the
tillers of the soil.
The Opening Ceremony
The formal opening was marked
by speeches by representatives of
the co-operatives, the teachers,
the industrial workers, peasant
societies of the province and the
International Union of Peasants.
There were dramatic productions
by the Young Communist League,
scenes from peasant life rich in
color and grace, by a group of
worker actors, and peasant songs
and dances by village folk.
Many Exhibits
With the thoroughness characterizing the House of the Peas-..
ants, there are permanent exhibits
of latest agricultural machinery,
tested seeds and grasses, bulletins,
charts and diagrams on sanitation
and disease prevention both to
man and beast, and all conceivable data relating to a more enjoyable and abundant life. There
is a large reading room and library equipped with radio, victrola and piano, also a movie
Free Service Eor Delegates
A dining hall serves meals. The
hotel has accommodation for 350
peasants. The rates range from
15 cents to $1.25 per night. Special delegations to congresses or
on business relating to their village Soviets have free accommodations and make this house their
headquarters while in Moscow.
In the Soviet Union there are
344 such peasant centers and new
ones are being established from
time to time.
NEW YORK.—More than 6,000
coal diggers of the Pennsylvania
Coal Co., are unemployed through
the total closing of the company's
mines in central Pennsylvania, A.
K. Morris, vice-president and general manager admitted. Unemployment in central Pennsylvania,
District No. 2, United Mine Workers, has brought great suffering to
the workers.
The recently concluded treaty
between Canada and Australia is
causing considerable comment, favorable and otherwise. The Ottawa government claims that Canada has driven a good bargain
and that B.C. stands to gain by
the treaty. The Farm and Home,
however,' bewails the adoption of
the treaty, and states that it is a
serious blow to us farmers, because canned fruit Is to be admitted for half a cent per pound
duty, canned vegetables free, and
butter at one cent per pound.
This, says the Farm and Home,
presents an alarming prospect for
the dairymen. But this paper
failed to mention that it is not
tariffs that put mortgages on our
farms, but the way Big Business
manipulates markets against us.
The tariff question is the bogey
used by both old political parties
to fool us and take our attention
away from the real issues.
♦    »    *
It is a marvel that we farmers
have been able to continue in bus*
iness since the B.C. government
ceased publishing the Agricultural
Journal. The farmers' part of
this publication is now devoted
to news of the Women's Institute.
The old political parties sure play
up to our womenfolk, but it is not
so easy to fool the farm women
as it used to be.
»    *    »
Farming interests in this province receive but scant attention
from the government at Victoria.
The Advisory Board of the Farmers' Institute passes reams of
resolutions, which are presented
to the agricultural committee of
the House, but that is as far as
they get. The trouble is that we
farmers are not organized strong
enough. To obtain results we
must become a force strong
enough to strike a hard blow at
those who oppose us. We must
organize and join hands with labor, so that we can understand
one another's problems and fight
Individually man is a weak being, but strong in union with others.—Herder.
Farmers Get 23 Per (Cent.
0|, Value Produced
A studkJust issued by the Port
of New .York Authority reveals
that of .5.09 paid for a box of
fine Oregtf^ apples in Oregon, the
farmer receives pnly $1.19, or 23
per cent!)'.'loiit-*'. tile packed box.
Forty-seven cents out of the dollar paid for apples goes to marketing costs after, they reach the
city. Thhi is true also of other
vegetables and fruits.
It costs 42 cents to transport
a sack of potatoes 1120 miles
from Michigan to New York,
against 62 cents to take lt 15
miles frorn N«w York terminal to
the.retailer.]Much the same story
may doubtless be told of other
Textile Production
In Workers' Republic
Shows Steady Growth
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—Russia's textile
production is now 75 per cent, of
pre-war production, Alex. Gum-
berg, manager! of the All-Russian
Textile Syndicate, states in giving
his report, of Russian purchases
of American cottoh during the past
year. A total of 243,698 bales of
the 1924-25 American cotton crop
has been purchased by the All-
Russian Textile Syndicate ror
Russian cotton mills. Of the
1923-24 crop the Russian mills
took 189,145 bales.
25 Steamers Chartered
The value of this year's purchases amounts to $36,340,000 ci.
f. Murmansk, the port on the Arctic Sea to which all cotton shipments of the syndicate are made.
Twehty-'frye steamers, mostly under Scandinavian flags, have been
chartered for transporting the cotton. ..The-.last five steamers sail
during. July.    ..
Cotton production is about
twice as much this year as the
pievlous year in Russia, Gumberg
states.'0About ,70 per cent, of
Russia's 'cotton imports are from
the United States, the remaining
30 percent, coming from Egypt,
China and Other countries. American purchases are financed
through Chase National Bank and
Erjuitable^iftist Company of New
York. Capital stock of the syndicate, a NeV Vork corporation,
is  .l.f'OO.OOo',''fully paid in cash.
(Continued from  page  1)
Send in Your Subscription Today.
Water Department
MOTICE is hereby given that the time for
sprinkling lawns, gardens, etc., is restricted
to between the hours of 5 and 7 in the morning
and 7 and 9 in the evening.   "";
J. A. PATON, Reeve.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding .Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds,* Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
3—STORES—3 •■'■"   :■'--■
48  Hutings St.  Eut   Sey.  988-672     665 OranviUe Street   Sey. 9513-1391
151 Hastings  Street West.......,..Soy.  1370    -*•
lice led by British officers, resulting in 50 being killed outright, 7
died from wounds next day, while
a further 16 were ln hospital ser-^
iously wounded.   On June 1st the '
students paraded again,  and this ^
time   one   of  their   number  was
killed,  2 died from wounds,  and'
16  were seriously wounded.    Onj
June   12th  the  students   paraded'
again  at Hankow  in  conjunction -
with labor organizations, and this,,
time 8 were killed and 12 seriously   wounded   by   the   concession- \
aires' soldiers.
Warships have since been rushed to the scene and .China is today tied up with a general strike,'
over a million workers being out
Japanese   * students    at    Tokio (
wanted to stage a demonstration
against the Japanese exploiters In
China,   but   were   prevented   by
their government.
The Chinese Benevolent Association in Vancouver has sent letters of protest to Premier Baldwin and Foriign Secretary Chamberlain in Britain,' and also to
Premier King at Ottawa.
•   *    *
Latest    reports    in    the    daily
press state that a special Shanghai   investigating   committee   has I
placed the blame for the trouble*
in  China upon  the  shoulders  of
the   British   chief   of   police   at'
Shanghai, the police officer who i
ordered the firing upon the demonstrators,    and    the    American
chairman of the Shanghai Municipal   Council.     The   Daily   Telegraph   is   quoted   as   declaring:
"The  British government  can n/
longer tolerate the comedy of this
commission to go on."
MEW night rates ..a r e
' now in force for long-
distance conversations between 8.30 p.m. and 7
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy called
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relieve* deafness,
noises in the head, ete. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon tke
affected parts with complete ahd permanent suocess. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whltehorae
Road, Croydon, writes; "I am pleated to tell you that the small tin ot
ointment you tent to me at Ventnor
has proved a complete tuccess, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noises have coated.
The action of this new remedy most
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with thete complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had aome
of the very belt medical advice, together with other ezpenaive ear instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my life has undergone an entire
Try one box today, which ean —
forwarded to any addreu on receipt
of money order for $1.00. There It
nothing better at any price. Addreu
orders to Manager "LARMALENE"
Co., Deal, Kent, England.   -
= IT PAYS — _lWm July 10,1925
Page Three
Federated Labor Party
The Southwest Burnaby branch
of the party has made a start
with the building of their hall at
The concrete foundation was
.laid last Saturday. The building
of the hall ls financed by voluntary contributions, and the building is being done with voluntary
labor. Work will proceed each
Saturday afternoon. Members or
friends of the party willing to
help may get to the hall by taking the Central Park-Westminster
I cars to Jubilee .station.
If you cannot help with your
labor, a financial contribution is
always ln order. This hall is being built for the good of the Labor Movement. Come in and do
your bit
Says Industry Saved
By Municipal Power
During Coal Strike
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—The struggle for
'public   ownership   ln   America   is
the  general  subject  of the  June
conference of the League for Industrial  Democracy convening  at
i Camp Tamiment, Penn. That government ownership and democratic   control   of   the   nation's   railroads  would   eliminate   enormous
wastes now found under competitive    conditions,     would    reduce
rates  to   the   consumer,   improve
Ubor conditions and tend to develop a more effective democracy,
are   among   the   contentions   of
i Harry W. Laidler, director of the
1 league, at the conference.
Saved the Country
James   Simpson,   vice-president
i of the Trades and Labor Congress
of   Canada,   is   outlining   to   the
, conference the  growth   of  public
■ownership   in   Canada.     The   national   railways,    Ontario   hydroelectric system and various municipally owned  public utilities are
I discussed ln his address.    "It was
[the   foresight   of   the   people   of
['Ontario in developing this system
Lwhich saved the industries of the
"province during the coal strike,"
Simpson says of the Ontario project.   He claims that, "while profit ls not the  objective in  municipal   ownership,   the  overwhelming number of services are operated at a profit."
A fighting labor press can't be
| built by wishing. Send in your
ksub today*
Stay at the
Tlie Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
Monster Parade of
K.K.K. To Be Staged
In Washington, D. C.
(Federated Press Staff Cor.)
WASHINGTON.—As 'sin'\ offset
to the parade of theHfllj' Name
Society in Washington, last summer, when Cardinal O'Connell of
Boston arranged that President
Coolidge should address' the assemblage and thereby ~%\n campaign favor where' he 'seemed to
need it, the Ku-Klux-Klan' has secured a permit to show ofl on
Pennsylvania avenue on August 8.
Promise is made.fey klan official.,
that 200,000 of their followers, in
regalia but unmasked,'■ will' take
part. They are to.turn;pff at the
treasury corner and hold a mass
meeting at the Washington monument. Thus far no scheme for
burning a fiery crdss ori that vantage point has been disclosed.
National headquarters of the
klan, nominally remaining in Atlanta, appear actually to be located in the Southern building ln
Washington. The,re Dr." Evans,
the imperial wizard, has his office, and there the big and little
politicians who have taken this
shortcut to influence are to be
found, consulting the chluf and
promoting the usual palace plots
for elimination of men nearer the
throne than themselves.
How many members of the now
House and Senate are pledged to
take orders from Evans, who used
to be an advertising dentis. in
Texas,' and is now an Interstate
political boss, will never be known.
White Terror Rampant
In the Balkan States
LONDON.—A French barrister
who has just returned from ' Bucharest gives the following picture
of the courts of justice there,
where a number of Rumanian
Communists are being .tried for
vague offences, which .nevertheless carry the penalty of-death:
"The hall ls filled '^th stretchers, on which lie the prisoners.
Few of them are able to stand,
many of them are unable to move.
It is quite evident that they have
been tortured in prison. They
have also gone on hunger strike
as a protest against theTtrial', for
they were arrested a -yiftar ago
and are being tried under a law
which was passed since that time.
They are not allowed a defence.
Two barristers from other countries who asked to be allowed to
defend the prisoners * were arrested and obliged to leave the ,e.Qun-
Among the prisoners afe "the
whole of the executive committee
of the Communist party of Rumania. .'.'..,
CHICAGO.—Southern organizers
of the American Negro Labor Congress report that the Amalgamated
Tin and Steel Unlon.'Local 17, has
been on strike for four years. They
keep themselves cheered by saying
the first hundred years are the
hardest. It Is this determination
that makes for strong healthy
QTOVES AND RANGES, both maUeableand
** Steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Linft^d
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2asT
In only two countries were there
more persons unemployed per 1,-
000 population than in the. United
States, according to statistics presented ln the Industrial New Survey for March 9, of the National
Industrial Conference Board, an
oranizatlon of employers' associations. According to these figures
the unemployed per 1,000 of the
population in the United States
numbered 19.9; in Austria, 20; in
Great Britain, 25. The lowest ratio was reported for Finland, .5 per
1000. For Germany the figure is
7.2; France, 3.0; Italy, 3.3; Poland,
5.7; Sweden, 2.8; Switzerland, 2.4;
Norway, 7.5; Australia, 5.6; Belgium, 2.3; Canada, 1.1; Czechoslovakia, 5.3; Denmark, 8.3; Hungary, 3.2; Netherlands, 9.2; and
Russia, 13.6.
It is not generally known that
one of the most active and diversified co-operative movements is
that of Argentine. The good wont
began there in 1884.
Between 1913 and 1922 membership in the societies doubled,
reaching a total of 105,007, and at
the same time the capital of thc
consumers' societies increased
fourfold, mounting to ....600,000.
Especially in the rural districts of
Argentina do the co-operative so
cieties engage in a groat multiplicity of activities. Some, for instance, not only sell food-stuffs,
clothing and machinery, but also
collect their members produce to
sell in the towns, and undertake
agricultural insurance as well.
The total Trade Union membership of Japan is now about 140,-
000, distributed over some 160 unions, the most important federation of these being, as is well
known, the General Federation of
Labor of Japan. According to the
figures publishesd by the Bureau of
Social Affairs in May, 1923, the
total number of workers in factories and workshops was at that
date 1,618,243,'of whom 898,202
were women. The most important
trade groups were the following:
Miners, 311,864; railwaymen, 166,-
157; seamen, 100,000; military and
naval arsenal workers, 57,770.
The White Terror is in full blast
throughout the nations on the
western border of Soviet Russia.
In Esthonia there have been wholesale arrests, imprisoning and
shooting of the Communists, while
in Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Rou-
manal, Servla and Bulgaria known
Communists are being executed ln
quick time. All idea of fair trials
ls out of the question; it is sufficient that those arrested are
known to be Communists.
The censorship of all dispatches
Is most complete. The world is
not to be told, if the censors of the
British government can prevent,
that the olty of Hong Kong is completely paralyzed by a general
strike, the. like of which has never
been seen in this city before. A
limping effort "has been made to
run some of the tram cars, manned
by British and Portuguese scabs.
Not a Chinese will touch hand to
work for any foreign interest.
The highor man of today is not
worrying about his sins at all, still
less about their punishment; his
mission, if he is good for anything,
ls to be up and doing.—Sir Oliver
(Federated Press Correspondent.)
WELLINGTON, New Zealand.—
The open conference convened by
the New Zealand Alliance of Labor to bring about unity and
amalgamation among the several
working class groups in New Zealand took place at Wellington on
April 11 and was attended by
delegates representing all unions
and federations throughout the
country. The conference was
unanimous in the opinion that the
industrial workers of New Zealand should establish one national
industrial organization which
would determine the policy of the
organized wage workers of New
Zealand. It was pointed out that
the men on the Job were demanding unity and were determined
that it should be established.
The Decisions
After a lengthy discussion, the
conference arrived at the following decisions: (1) That a group
of miscellaneous departments shall
be embodied ln the constitution
of the Alliance of Labor, such
group to embrace the Trades and
Labor councils of New Zealand.
(2) That the group department
of the Trades and Labor councils
be allowed representation locally
on the industrial district councils
and nationally on the national industrial council of the N. Z. Alliance of Labor according to its
affiliated  membership.
On Class Lines
(3) The Trades and Labor councils shall be responsible for all
affiliation fees to the Alliance of
Labor, similar to other departments.
('4) The Trades, and Labor
councils to render the N. Z. Alliance of Labor every assistance to
organize the unions and associations affiliated to these councils
on the lines of class and industry in order that such workers
may be grouped into their respective Industrial departments a;
laid down in the method of organization of the N. Z. Alliance of
(5) The Alliance of Labor to
accept in affiliation national federations of unions as units of industrial departments.
Brutal Repression
Of German Workers
BERLIN.—In the first months
of the year 1925, ln the "freest
republic of the world," 273 trials
against 1455 workers took place.
Of these 1110 workers were sentenced to 966 years and nine
months of prison and three to
These sentences were divided
as follows: To death, three persons; hard labor, 231 years and
one month; jail, 507 years and
six months; fortress, 228 year*
and two months; fines, 71,171
gold marks.
Australian Postal
Workers Amalgamate
SYDNEY.—The application of
the Australian Letter Carriers' Association to change its name to the
Amalgamated Postal Linesmen,
Sorters and Letter Carriers' Union
of Australia has been granted by
the Federal Deputy Registrar.
The application for change of
name was the outcome of the Letter Carriers' Association entering
into amalgamation with the Postal Sorters' Union and the Postal
Linesmen's Union, the members cf
the three organizations having endorsed tbe proposal.
The neoesary arrangements in
connection with the amalgamation
are now almost . omplefed, and the
amalgamated Union will be fully
functioning at a very oarly date.
1 Per Cent, of Plants
Employ 32 Per Cent.
Of American Workers
That over 93 per cent., of the
factories In the United States employ less than a hundred workers
apiece, and that only 1 per cent.
of industrial establishments employ 500 or more workers in then-
plants, is indicated by a tabulation of the figures of the 1920
census, just msde by the National
Industrial Conference Board.
The same figures show, however,
that the 1 per cent, of plants employing 500 or more workers each,
have together on their pay rolls
over 32 per cent of all Industrial
They also show that less than 4
per cent, of all the Industrial establishments ln the country turned out more than half of all the
manufacutred : products, which
have a total value of $43,653,282,-
The figures merely illustrate to
what a great extent the large industrial corporations, though very
small in number, can exercise control over industry.
On Easy Terms
Victor   SpociBl      $45.00
Overland,   C.C.M    $45.00
Perfection,   C.C.M   $50.00
C.C.M.  Sport Model  $55.00
Hyslop,   Canadinn    $55.00
Raleigh,   finest   $70.00
Terms: $15.00. Cash, balance only
$2.50 weekly
800 Pender Street West
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
Aak (or CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government I .mor Stores
Tbii advertisement ia not published or displayed  "iy tbe  '.iquoi  Control
Board or by th* Government, of Brlti. i Oolnr *1U 1
Page Four
Friday, July 10, 1925
Foreign Imperialists'
Brutal Exploitation
Of Chinese Children
A commission appointed by the
administration at Shanghai, China,
to investigate tho conditions of
child labor, recently reported
that there are 4600 boys and 18,-
000 girls under 12 years of ago
in the 275 factories investigated
in Shanghai. Of the remainder,
44,000 are men and boys above
12 years of age, and 106,000 are
women and girls above 12 years
of age.
The children are accepted in
the factories when they are six
years of age. In 38 of the largest
cotton industries 7500 children
under 12 and 61,000 women are
employed. In the silk industry
nearly 50 per cent, of the children
employed are under 12 years of
The conditions of work are very
severe. The factory hands, including women and children, work
over twelve hours a day. Women
and children do night work as
well as the men.
Starvation  Wages  Paid
To Girls By the 15-
Cent Stores
Canadian Women, Awake!
CLEVELAND, Ohio.—Big divi-
dands for owners and the lowest
wages paid women in any industry are high spots in the 1924 record of the Woolworth and Kresge
chain stores. Operated at variance
with nearly every principle of cooperation, these chains are lem-
entable examples of profit-seeking
individualism in its worst aspects.
While the lucky possessors of
Woolworth stock were collecting
$31.80 on every $100 share, women
employed in the 5 and 10 cents
stores of Ohio were trying to exist
on a $10.55 wage. The Cleveland
Associated Charities declares, a girl
cannot live on less than $17 a week
unless she depends on her family
or other means for charitable help.
The Woolworth 1924 dividend,
high as it is, 'Was less than the
1923 melon while the Krsege profit was $40.66 for every $100 share.
Against this is the record of 80
per cent, of chain store woTrien employees receiving le,ss than $12 a
[By Rose Henderson]
rvo live or not to live, is the ques-
tion facing the women of the
world today, and this fact in all
its baldness, while in a lesser degree than in Europe, is having its
effect on the working class women
of Canada.
Unemployment and economic
pressure has already left its mark
is gradually penetrating the homes
on the women of Nova Scotia, and
of the masses in every city and
town in the Dominion.
Ends Won't Meet
The working man's wife—even
those in the protected trades—are
finding it harder than ever to
"make ends meet." sThe conditions
of life for her family are sinking
well helow pre-war standards.
Ther-sfSis less for medicine, education, and recreation. There is
nothing to put away for a "rainy
day," and little to hope for in the
future. These facts are compelling women to organizo and consider the question of economics
and politics as never before.
Women's Organizations
Politics and economics hold a
real significance for them, and are
being linked to life in all its realities. Hence In almost every city
and town of any size throughout
the Dominion there is being formed groups of women anxious to
study and organize on entirely new
lines. There are already expressing themselves through such organizations as Women's Labor
Leagues, Social, and Economic
Councils,   Employed   Girls   Coun-
Eighty-eight out of every 100
children brought before juvenile
court officials in Omaha live one-
half mile or more from the nearest playground, according to a
study by Professor T. E. Sullen-
ger of the University of Omaha.
Omaha's Juvenile delinquency
rate for 1922-1923 was 3.1 per
cent., compared with 1920 rates
of 3,8 for Washington, D.C, 2.4
for Boston, and 1.2 for Buffalo.
The professor recommends more
playgrounds as a remedy for juvenile delinquency.
+cils, Educational, Peace and Birth
Control Leagues, as well as farmer's wives and daughters organizations of every kind.
A Coming Force
These organizations are but ln
their Infancy, having grown up
and become active within the last
two years, But already give promise of a vital force much needed
in the labor movement of Canada
The women at the head of and
composing these organizations
while neither Socialists or Comun-
nists are nevertheless far in advance of many of the old type of
trade unionists, inasmuch as they
are showing themselves not content
with merely passing resolutions
and discussing ways of obtaining a
little higher wage, shorter hours
and a few moral reforms. The
problems of "War," "Poverty,"
"Sickness," "Education," "Child
Labor," "Slum Life," "Umemploy-
ment," "Crime," and "Prostitution," they proclaim at their conventions are the problems inherent
in the social structure, and can be
left no longer to men to solve alone, but must be solved by men
and women working co-operatively.
Towar A\ Education!
The ignorance of th© working
class, particularly the backwardness of the mother, is the greatest
enemy of Labor's progress today,
therefore, the woman are recognizing that their chief concern is
to educate themselves and their
children to find the cause of their
miseries, and become an intelligent force in the political and economic issues facing the welfare of
their families.
It is said that "when woman
speaks thy world must answer."
The future at least is hers to mould
to her desires.
[By  Jane  MacNutt]
At this time of the year when
fruit is plentiful and comparatively cheap, the thrifty housekeeper
will take advantage of the occasion
(providing always that sho has the
means) to preserve n variety of
fru!ts for the winter serson.
The recipe given below will do
for strawberries, raspberries, cherries, peaches, apricots, prunes or
Select fruit of good quality, wash
hy putting fruit In* strainer and
placing under water tap. Have
your jars or sealers absolutely
clean. Pack fruit ln jars till full:
make a syrup with sugar and wnter; 2 pints sugar to 3 pints of water, and dissolve without boiling.
Then fill jars with the syrup until they are full and covering all
the fruit; seal tight and place in
holler with water enough to reach
about two-thirds the height of the
Jars. Boll hard for ahout twenty
minutes. The hard fruits may require a little longer time to boll.
Place thin pieces of wood on thp
bottom of your holler otherwise the
heat may break your sealers.
When you take the jars out of
the boiler stand them upside down
for twenty four hours tbis will
show if Jars are tightly senled. All
lars that show a leak will have to
he resealed and thoroughly heated
Fruit put up ln this way will look
well, taste good, and keep well.
It will also be free from the deleterious preservatives which is to
be found in the commercial article
which is put up solely with an eye
to profit.
Here are  two  excellent recipes
submitted   by  Mrs.   WooBsWorth
one Is for Oat Cakes and the other
for scones.
Ont Cakes
2 cups oatmeal.
V_ cup flour.
Vs. teaspoon baking powder.
V_ teaspoon salt.
% cup shortening (ham-frying
Is best) melted In about Vi cup
boiling water.
Stir with knife.   TTs? lots of meal
on bake-board. Rub plenty of meal
in on the top; go round edge with
thumb; very hot oven.
2 cups flour.
% teaspoon baking soda.
1% teaspoons cream tartar.
A little salt.
4 teaspoons sugar.
% size of an egg of lard.
Put all except sugar and lard
through sifted, then stir ln sugar
and lard. Do not touch afterwards
with the hands. Use a knife to
stir sweet milk into the mlture, until very soft. Turn once on hake-
board and roll once each way; cut
into scones; bake ten minutes In
very hot oven.
There Is no country m which
the whole annual produce is employed in maintaining the industrious. The Idle everywhere consume
a great part of it; and according
to the different, proportions in
which it is annually divided between these two different orders of
people, its ordinary or average value must either annually increase
or diminish, or continue the same
from one year to another.—Adam
Japanese Women's Guild
Advocates Co-operation
Mrs. Klyoko OhtanI, President of
the Women's Guild of the Co-op*
erative Movement of Japan, has
Issued a manifesto to the women of
her country. The following are
extracts from her manifesto:
On Verge of Crisis
"We all realize, with much ap
prehension, that Japan today is on
the verge of an economic crisis,
No patchwork policies, such as
raising the import duties, or the
Govornment regulation of prices of
commodities, can avail to root out
the economic evil. Production may
be forever developed, hut lt is of
no use unless there be a radical
change of mind on our part regarding consumption. We women
of Japan regret to own that we
have not hitherto organized any
systematic, direct movement to
grapple with the essential problems of life. The task of establishing Consumers' Economics with a
view to a better and saner life rests
on the shoulders of us women.
Confronting the present national
crisis, we feel how Important lt Is
for us women, especially housewives, to do what we can to realize
economic stability."
Exhibition Organized
As a beginning, the Guild Is organizing an exhibition, which Mil
be the first thing of Its kind in
Japan. The international aspects
of the movement will be emphasized In this exhibit.
"The feeling that we are one in
Co-operation," the President writes
to the International Women's office, "women of the West and East
united for the same great cause as
torch-bearers and marching on to
the same goai,, fills us with hope
ahd faith."
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw lt In the
Advocate, .
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure  Tour  Bbaumatlam,  lumbago, N.uritis or Bad Oold
711 Hutingi St. W. Phono Soy. 2070
LADIES! Ton can pick up aome
wonderful bargains now at the
"Patnous"—beautiful summer dresses, smart new coata, suits, hosiery,
sweaters, etc. Bnt you will have
to hurry I Stocks are rapidly running ont. Why not make a point
of visiting this great sale TOMORROW!
Famous _^Z_.
819-623 Haatlngi Street W«lt
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
A STEP toward Solidarity and Freedom is when the workers
■^•support their Press and the supporters of the great Cause
of Labor.
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
well known to many readers of The Farmer-Labor Advocate,
in order to meet competition and low wages, has decided to
s reduce his charges for Dental Work  to a figure within the
rainge of all.
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
:-:   TAKE A   x
"Hudson's Bay Point"
Blanket With You
To Camp
VOU'LL find it most useful, and worth two or three
1 of other makes. The "POINT" BLANKET is
made by special process, exclusively for the H.B.C.,
and is obtainable only in H.B. stores and posts. It is all
wool, through and through, with a camel hair finish
that is damp-resisting and a service quality that stands
the-hardest kind of wear. Beware of imitations; other
makers are making a point blanket, but the "H.B.
POINT" BLANKET has stood the service test for
more than a generation. Only genuine when it has
"THE SEAL OP QUALITY" label on it. Shown in
fast colors of green, scarlet, white striped, grey and
khaki, at the following prices. Unparalleled for miners,
lumbermen, surveyors, campers, etc., and suitable for
dressing gowns, auto rugs, couch throws, etc.
Point Grey
3     $10.50
31/2  $12.50
4  $15.00
Point Green
3  $12.50
31/2  $15.00
4    _..„.„..  $17.50
■*•  MAY   l«TO jl ***K1
VANCOUVER lay, July 10, 1925
Page Five
pat the strike of boilermakers
Vallace Shipyards, North Van-
■er, was progressing favorably,
[that the company had asked
■a conference, with the men
|ing firm to their original de-
of 82 cents per hour, was
|gist of the Boilermakers' re-
at the last meeting  of the
bouver Trades Council.
Cle  company  had  been  trans-
^ng strikebreakers across from
city   in   launches,   but. the
j-.ers had learned the point of
farkation   and   had   persuaded
. strikebreakers   to   leave   the
lie Stonemasons reported that
Imen working on the entrance
gtanley Park were being paid
$6.00 per day, while the
3ard wage was $9.00. The
Idlng Trades Council was ask-
Ito take the matter up with
[Parks Board.
P*ie   Shingle  Weavers  reported
they were gaining in . mem-
khip    and   winning   improved
Mine Workers Hand
Out Education With a
Punch In Illinois
(By Federated Press)
WAUKEGAN, 111.—Worker education with teeth ln it and directed
against the employing class Is what
the miners of southern Illinois are
getting from the education department set up by the Taylorville sub-
district. Tom Tippett, originator
and director of the experiment for
the past year told the 3rd annual
Inter-collegiate Forum at Wauke-
gan the basis of the work that has
been improving the time and
sharpening the minds of the many
unemployed miners and of local
"Fight the Boss"
"We teach," Tippett told the collegians, "that the fundamental
business of labor is to flght the
boss and ultimately run him out.
Our education is based on the class
struggle. Our miners are' not interested in learning how to eat
soup.   What they want to know is
■king conditions. how to ** the S0UP'    We don>t
>retary P.  R. Bengough was   care to help °u,r students t0 cllmb
cted to represent the council
[the coming sessions of tne
les Congress of Canada at Ot-
tominations of officers for the
six months were made. Elec-
wlll take place at the next
Itlng.    The    nominees    were:
[sident, B. H. Neelands, M.L.A.;
etary, P. R. Bengough; treas-
F.   L.   Hunt;   sergeant-at-
Is,   Mrs.   Dolk;   vice-president,
Jonald,   Flynn,   Seribbins   and
vler; trustees, Seribbins, Dept-
Wyatt,    McDonald,    Flynn;
hstician,  McDonald.
lisdiction Fight
Begets Injunction
(By Federated Press)
CEVELAND.—This    city    was
ted to something unique in la
.injunctions when a judge re
tied the entire Cleveland huild-
ftrades council and all building
Its from striking. The Building
pies Employers Assn. got the in*
fctlon on the ground that juris-
Bpnal dispute was about to re-
j'ln a general strike tying up
000,000 construction. Two lo-
fof Building Laborers, both re-
Jlzed by the International but
one affiliated with local and
k central bodies, are at the root
Jthe trouble. The recognized
|>n is seeking to bar members
i unrecognized union from un-
out of the working class. We want
them learn to help put the owning
class out of business."
Seven Classes Going
The Taylorville miners education
department, which is affiliated
with the Workers' Education Bureau, ls supported by the subdistrict
union and hy 'grants from |the
American Fund for Public Service.
The work is organized into 7 classes at convenient p'oints in the area
covered. The director rides the
circuit every week, conducting
the classes or introducing the outside lecturer who Is a monthly
oiety will be changed from Its
when we make the form of
bery called profit impossible by
fig Labor full and free access
{the means of fructification—
to raw material.*—WHllatm
[Notice to Contractors
|LED TENDERS, addressed to Alex,
graham, Esq., Secretary Board of
pi Trustees of South Vanconver.
1 Main street. Sonth Vanconver, will
pcelved np to the honr of 5 p.m.
Iday, July 18th, 1925, for the erec-
Tmd completion of two wood frame
fes to the John Oliver High School
lhe MacKenslo School.
|ns and specifications may be seen
office of the undersigned.
trustees  do  not   hind  themselves
kept the lowest or any tender.
Iders   mnst   he   made   out   on   tho
feet's    typewritten    form   and    en-
with   a marked   cheque eqnal   to
Jier cent, of the amonnt of tender.
.MAN & OULLERNE. Architects,
525  Seymonr  Street,
Vancouver, B.O.
■JDERS wanted for manufac-
Iture and supply of 2,200 wood-
Jschool lockers, per plan and
liflcation obtainable at School
Id Office.
Jjwest or any tender not neces*
ly accepted. Tender to he in
3s of undersigned hy 5 p.m.,
15th, 1925.
I Sec. Vancouver School Board.
Explode Capitalist "Bnnk"
There are over 200 students enrolled and many ttn.es that number come to the public monthly
lectures. That the purpose of the
experiment is producing results is
shown, Tippett told the Forum delegates, in the 4th of July orations
the classes wrote as part of their
work. Instead of the florid spread-
eagle superpatrlotic bunk served
by politicians on the national anniversary, the pervading sentiment
in the miners' essays was that the
Declaration of Independence is a
"campaign promise that has never
heen carried out," as one coal-
digger put it.
Irish Famine Victims
Suffer Excruciating
Pangs of Starvation
(By W.I.R. Press Service.)
DUBLIN. — A very extensive
campaign is being waged ln America and elsewhere by the Free
State propagandists to induce
tourists to visit this country in
the summer. Ireland is boosted
in every way, and the scenery
and hotel accommodation, according to the propagandists, is second to none in any country in the
world, but they are particularly
painstaking in their efforts to
conceal the real state of affairs
here, and of course no mention
of the extreme poverty all over
the country; and the state of real
famine which actually exists all
along the western seaboard, is
Many Families Starving
The following are a lew excerpts from letters which are received daily at the Workers' International Relief office in Dublin:
"Many families are on the verge
of starvation here, and are simply
living on black tea and dry bread.
Potatoes would be very necessary
just now. The turf is as dry today as It was in January. The
number of cases of fever are increasing, also there are cases of
consumption. The doctor has prescribed cod liver oil again. Do
you think you could supply a little of this? I trust you will do
your best, and let me have some
potatoes. Life is very hard here
for the poor folk. Until the end
of last month the Free State authorities were supplying bread and
cocoa in the school, but this is all
"The wretched and starving
children would be extremely
grateful for bread and margarine
if funds do not permit the luxury
of cocoa.
Waste Hurts Profit,
But Unemployment Is
Part of Capitalism
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—"Waste of human labor is a serious handicap
in the struggle for the world's
markets," says Lawrence W. Wallace, executive secretary American
Engineering Council. Wallace directed Hoovers assay of waste.
"Authorities agree that the world
is on the eve of the most aggressive struggle for world markets
ever experienced."
Extend Machinery
The only way to offset the loss
of cheap labor due to Immigration
restrictions here "and to maintain
the standard of wages paid in the
United States is to extend the use
of machinery and eliminate the
waste of human labor due to accidents, illness and the intermittent operation of industry," Wallace declares. He says Europe
probably leads America In industrial research and that the Industrial world will be startled at
some of the discoveries Germany
will soon put In effect.
Mass Production Supreme
Intermittent operation of industry, meaning that workers In
many basic industries are idle 3o
per cent, to 40 per cent, of the
working days of the year, is
wholly unjustified and unnecessary," according to recent studies
of the department of commerce,
American Engineering Council and
other groups, says Wallace. He
asserts that mass production is
supreme in America and can never
be practiced in other countries as
If Tbey Trouble Ton, Sn Va
On Earth
Everything for the
And Always the Best in
Pitman Optical House
(Over Woolworth's—next to   -
Seymour 1071
Geo. McCuaig
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Stnet, Vanconver, B.C.
Go Slow Methods Are
Adopted By French
Street Railway Men
PARIS.—Go slow sabotage on
busses and street cars became
widespread in Paris recently. It
has been applied as reprisal because of the . discharge of
strikers who participated in
radical May Day demonstrations.
Drivers and motormen increased the time for their trips 50 per
cent, and sometimes doubled the
scheduled time by moving slowly,
giving all other traffic the right
of way and overemphasizing all
traffic regulations.
The slowing down of traffic is
costing Paris 100,000 francs daily.
The operating company declares
only a sixth of the lines are manned by radical workers, but that
many drivers are afraid to make
their usual speed.
Other radical organizations
are* causing the Government
trouble, and the Minister of Commerce announced recently he would
not have anything more to do with
the radical federation of postal
telegraph and telephone employees,
which has a membership of 30,000.
This decision was made because
the organization has distributed
anti-national publications demanding ■*. evacuation of Morocco and
violently attacking the Government. One poster issued, called
members of the Government "assassins" because of the Moroccan
Specialist ln Trasses for Men, Women,
Children and Infants
Phone Sey. 3820
959 Robson Street, Vanconver, B.O.
23  Tears   Established in   Vancouver
—Meets second Monday in the month.
President, J. R. White; seeretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 66.
Try to Hide Poverty
"No words of mine can express
to you how much appreciated
your kindness was with the poor
semi-starving peasants. I had to
turn scores away without anything for them. Their sad, sorrowful tales of poverty is heartrending. Poor creatures! Poor
creatures! They try to conceal
their extreme state of misery to
the last. I have visited little
thatched cottages where families
live to the number of ten and
twelve, huddled together in a
place unfit for human beings to
dwell in."
Funds Urgently Needed
Fortunately the Workers' International Relief has, through its
efforts, been able to relieve hundreds of families in Mayo and
Donegal by supplying food and
clothing, and also seed corn and
seed potatoes, in order to try and
prevent a recurrence of the same
famine conditions next year, and
are at present providing for the
school children in at least two
of the schools in Mayo. We are
not doing nearly as much as we
would like, but are doing all we
can as funds permit, and have
certainly brought a little hope and
comfort to many families in Mayo
and Donegal.
Half the cost of a trip to America would keep a number of families in comparative comfort for a
considerable time, and we respectfully suggest that at least some
of the money squandered in advertising the beautiful scenery and
wonderful hotel accommodation be
spent in saving the lives of the
innocent victims* of natural calamity and. government incapacity.
Belgium Had Many
Successful Strikes
During Year 1924
A report of the Central Association of the Belgian building, furnishing and other industries for
1924 points to the success of the
campaign against the use of white
lead and of the struggle against
the attack on the eight-hour
working day.
The report concludes with an
Interesting survey of the strikes
in Belgium during last year. According to the association, there
were 117 in all, of which 67 were
terminated with complete success,
12 were a partial success, 22 suffered a check, nine ceased after
the displacement of certain men,
and seven were either inconclusive or still in progress at the end
of the year.
There were a.bout 100 threatened strikes which did not materialize.
In strike pay the association
paid out about £22,000, and in
"enforced idleness" from other
causes nearly £22,000.
The association organized 72
conferences, which attracted 16,-
500 people.
Unions Take Note
Trades Unions are invited to
make use of this page. Send in
.reports of your union activities
arid keep those who are absent
in touch with what is happening.
If people make a lion of a man,
he quickly becomes an ass.
111, 319 Pender St. West. Business
meetings 1st and Srd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec-Trees.; Angus Maclnnia,
3544 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district In British Columbia desiring information re securing speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Soymour
1382,  or Bayview  5520.
Meets second Thursday every month
in Holden Building. President, J. Bright-
well; financial secretary, H. A. Bow-
ron, 929 llth Avenue East.
first and third Fridays in each month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; secretary-
treasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
—Local 882—Meets evory Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 806, Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; bnsiness agent
and financial secretary, F. L. Hunt; recording secretary, J. T. Venn,	
Many Industries in
California Disregard
The Eight-Hour Law
WASHINGTON.—An increase of
31.8 per cent, in the number of
complaints filed with the California
Bureau of Labor Statistics against
violations of the women's eight-
hour law is reported for the past
two fiscal years as compared with
the total for the years 1921 and
1922. The total rose from 870 to
1147, according to data furnished
the women's bureau of the U. S.
department of labor.
Most frequent violations were
complained of in these Industries,
in order: restaurants, hotels, apartment houses and boarding
houses, retail stores, hospitals and
sanitariums, factories and shops,
candy and confectionery establishments.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M —
Meets ln Cotillion Hall, corner of Davie
and Granville streets, second Sunday at
10 a.m. President, E. A. Jamieson, 991
Nelson street; secretary, J. W. Allen,
091 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or-
pi-nlaer, F. Fletcher, 991 NelBon street.
UNION OF CANADA—Headquarters
at Rooms 5, 6 and 7, Flack Building,
163 Hastings Street W., Vancouver, B.C.
Tel. Soy. 3698. President, Robert Thom;
Vice-President; David Gillespie; Sec'y
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Victoria
Branch, Room 11, Green Block, Broad
Street, Victoria,   B.C.    Phone  1908.
President. R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, C. F. Campbell; secretary-tress-
nrcr, R. H. Neelands. P.O. Box 66.
Meets Inst Sunday of ench month at 2
p.m. in Holden Building. 16 Hastings E.
UNION. No. 413—President, S; D
Macdonnld; secretary-treasurer, J. M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
Thnrclnv  of  ench  month.
3Farmpr-Habar Abtroratr
With Which Is Incorporated
By tho Labor Publishing Co.
Buslnesi   and  Editorial  Office,
1129 Howo St.
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Is
a  non-factlona!   weekly   newspaper,   giving news of: the  farmer-labor movement
., in action...
Subscription Rates; United Statea and
foreign, $2.50 per year; Canada, $2
per year, (1 for six months; to union»
subscribing In a body, 16c per member per  month.
Member The Federated Presl and Th*
Britlah Labor Press Page Six
Friday July 10, 19a
♦strikes and lockouts ware, distribut-
[By Leland Olds]
A DECREASE of 18 per cent in
the number of strikes ana
lockouts in 1924 as compared with
1923 and of 12 per cent, in the
number of Workers Involved in
such disputes reflects the uncertainty as to the future course of
business which pervades both sides
of the industrial struggle. Fac;d
with a world situation indicating
the progressive inability of capital
to give oldtime prosperity with full
employment both employers and
unions appear willing to maintain
some sort of industrial truce.
The 1,227 strikes reported to the
U. S. department of labor In 1924 is
the smallest number In any year
on record except 1922. Measured
by the number of workors involved
in disputes, strike activity in 1924
was below that in any previous
The department's record shows
1919 as the year of greatest strike
activity with 4,160,348 workers involved. In 1924 the number was
654,453 which compares w-.th 744,-
948 in 1923, 1,608,321 in 1-122 and
1,099,247 in 1921.
The following figures for 1919,
1923   and   1924   show   how   the
ed among the industries
No. of strikes in 1919
Building trades .. 473
Clothing   322
Furniture     35
Iron and Steel ....   76
Leather      27
Lumber        46
Metal trades   581
Mining     176
Paper man     47
Printing & Pub...    71
Shipbuilding     109
Meat packing     74
Stone      13
Textile     237
Tobacco        58
Transportation   .. 191
Coal miners led the number of
workers involved in strikes and
lockouts ln 1924 with a total of
280,585. Clothing workers followed with 166,651.
More strikes in 1924 ended favorably to the workers than to the
employers. The department's tabulation shows 280 in favor of the
bosses, 334 in favor of the employees, 135 compromised, 45 referred
to arbitration and the remainder
result not reported.
Shanghai.—The Chinese Sailors'
Union has issued' an appeal declaring:
"Our lives are subjected to the
Whim of the imperialist bandits.
We do not fear to meet our deaths
in a voluntary struggle for the freedom of China. We can no longer
tolerate the shooting down of Chinese with the bullets of civilized barbarians, and we appeal to the
whole people to join in the struggle
for freedom."
With the Marine Workers]
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers]
of Canada.)
Reports   from   Rose   Harbort   Considerable    activity    in    tj
pREWS of deep sea and
^ Coastal vessels are invited to send news Items of
conditions, etc., to the organization at 163 Hastings St.
West, as arrangements have
ADVOCATE to publish news
items concerning the work of
the marine workers from
ports of British Columbia.
.The paper is acting in the
interests of all workers, on
or off the job. If yon are
not organized do not forget
that yonr help ls needed to
get better conditions for the
seafarers throughout Canada.
Ousted Plutocracy
Sooner Starve Than
Work For a Living
LONDON.—Mr. Percy Alden,
who recently returned to London
from an extended tour in Greece,
Turkey, Bulgaria and Serbia,
stated that there are over a million Russians in Europe, 200,000
of whom are still unemployed
and unsettled. Qermany has 600,-
000, France 400,000, Rumania 80,-
000, and Poland 70,000. It is,
however, in China that the Russian refugee problem ls at its
worst. There are 70,000 in Manchuria, and nearly all of them are
in a destitute condition.
Santiago Iglesias
Appointed President of
Pan-American F. of L.
We pay special attention
to fitting our suits and
so give satisfaction td
our customers.
$25 to $40
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Service for Bepairs
AU Work Guaranteed
Special Attention to Mill Ordere
H. Harvey
Established in Vanconver in 1897
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Santiago   Iglesias, veteran president of the Free
Federation   of  Workers  in   Porto
Rico,   and   Socialist   leader   and
member of the territorial senate,
has  been  chosen as secretary of
the Pan-American Federation   of
Labor, and took office in Washington on July 1.   Thereby he relieves President Green of immediate     responsibility    for    keeping
alive the federation in which the
organized  workers  of the  United
States, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico,
Nicaragua and other Latin-American countries have joined to promote   the   growth   of   the   labor
movement    in    this    hemisphere
along trade union lines.
An Old Agitator
Iglesias, since the day when he
landed in Cuba from Spain, nearly
40 years ago, and started getting
into   Spanish   colonial   jails   for
stirring   up   labor  unrest   in  the
Spanish  West Indies,  has  known
all   about   Mexican   labor   condi
tions.   He has come from his post
in Porto Rico to put his know!
edge  at   Green's   service,   and   to
enable  Green  to  take  a  part  in
the Mexican dispute*.    He will be
at hand   for   discussion  of  Porto
Rican affairs before the committees of Congress next winter, and
will   be   an   authoritative   witness
on the needs of the Virgin Islanders  for  self-government  and  the
bitterness   of   sentiment   in   Haiti
against the American military occupation and forced acceptance of,
Missionaries Claim
Shooting of Chinese
Strikers Unnecessary
SHANGHAI.—The trial has begun here against the seventeen
Chinese students arrested by the
foreign police. The court is a mixed one under the chairmanship of
the American representative.
The inspector of the foreign police, Everson, who gave the order
to fire, stated in evidence that he
had received instruction only to
fire in case of necessity, but should
shooting take place then he was to
shoot to kill.
A British missionary who gave
evidence, declared that the shooting was unnecessary, but the American missfonarles Anderson and
Klyn, declared that the demonstrators only blocked the streets, offered no resistance and could have
been peacefully managed. They
state further that the police fired
without occasion and without
warning over a hundred shots.
whaling stations, on the West
Coast of Vancouver Island, are that
each of the "whalers" at that station have been successful in getting a catch of 20 whales each,
to date, and although the weather
has not been favorable much larger catches are expected. Seamen
on the whalers are paid a $3.00
bonus on each whale, in addition
to a monthly wage of $50.00, which
Indicates that unless better catches
are made, seamen will be on the
losing end ln comparison with existing Coastal wages. A delegate
is working ln the interests of the
organization, and the members at
Rose Harbor, ln the person of
Brither Herb. Doyle, of the whaler
membership has taken place sin
the    beginning   of   the    prese]
month.   Changes have taken pla
ln several ships sailing from tri
port,    including    the    America
steamship "Aldridge".  Many mej
bership buttons have been sold |
members.   The button was desig
ed by the president of the Unioj
Brother R. Thom, who ls one '
the first members that was til
means of forming the Federate
Seafarers  Union.    The  button
done  ln  blue  enamel  and  goll
showing the propellor, and steerilf
wheel, with letters In gold repr^j
sentlng the  Federated  Seafarer]
Union of Canada.   The buttons afl
retailed to members at a cost
36 cents each.
A viBit was paid last Friday to
the S. S. "Imperial," S. S. "Mina
Brea," and S.. S. "Calgarolite," of
the Imperial OU Co., at loco, B. C.
The conditions on these vessels are
not up to the standard of B. C.
coasting vessels. Negotiations are
ln progress with the Imperial Oil
Co., with a view of having the articles of the "Mina Brea" and the
"Carolite"- changed to B. C. articles
instead of East Coast articles. The.
East Coast articles consist of lower wages, and living conditions that
exist on the Wetet Coast. All other tai-kerS'pay much larger wages
than Is paid by the Imperial Oil
It is only a society of equals
which can choose the life it will
live.—William Morris.
All the grand sources of human
suffering are in a great degree,
many of them almost entirely, conquerable by human care and effort.—J. S. Mill.
Strike in China Is
Spreading Rapidly
The total number of workers on
strike In China has reached 1,000,-
000. In Shanghai alone there are
280,000 workers on strike, and the
strike there is almost general.
The anti-Imperialist movement is
spreading all over the country.
Mass demonstrations and protest
meetings are reported from many
different points.
In South China, particularly at
Canton, excitement reigns. At Peking, about 2,000 speakers and students address mass meetings dally.
Deputations are steadily pouring
Into the capital from the provinces
to express their protest at the foreign legations. The intellectuals
have joined the movement.
Since the arrival of the S. S.
"Canadian Inventor" of the C. G.
M. M. Ltd., many of the crew have
complained of the action of the
engineers and* mates working the
men overtime with no pay and a
scanty supply of food. This company in particular does not seem
to realize that feeding the crews of
their vessels, instead of starving
them, would get better results.
These ships in comparison with
vessels operated by private concerns on the Coast are a veritable
The crew of the S. S. "Prlncej
Beatrice" had reason to compls!
of the action of the chief stewa
on the vessel, who acted in an uri
civil manner when the men wAntcl
an adjustment of a minor cor
plaint.    The management are iJ
vestigating the matter.   The C.
R. has always been very courteoj
and  attentive to any  complain)
that have been made by the crey
of their vessels.   Quite a few men
bers have joined the Union fro
C. P. R. ships.   There are quite J
few more that should be in til
ranks of the only active organizJ
tion in Canada, on behalf of Sei|
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting It with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
•Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept in Stock
Mr. J. B. Campbell, Vancouver
Shipping Master, has returned
from a trip to the East, and reports that he was in touch with the
Deputy Minister of Marine, regarding the signing on of vessels in
Vancouver, and discharging the
crews at ports in Eastern Canada.
The Minister told Mr. Campbell
that he would take the matter up
with Mr. Teakle, manager of the
C. G. M. M., Ltd., which ls like a
mouse seeking the good will of a
cat. The Seafarers Union of Canada has protested against the unfairness of crews being signed on
in Vancouver, and discharged at
Eastern ports. Frequently the men
are given a chance to re-engage at
less wages than they hired for at
Brother Tom Bauldie is improl
Ing at the General Hospital; brota
er Jamie Scott, late of the "Can!
dlan Importer," has been dischar J
ed from St. Pauls Hospital.
A recent letter from the
men's Union of Australasia dcfi-J
itcly states that members of tlj
Federated Seafarers' Union of CrjJ
ada are allowed transfer privilegl
providing they submit themselves f
the rules which govern the men
bers of the Australian Union.
Send in Tour Subscription Todti
76 Hastings East
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd Batt. !
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drag Store]
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O. riday, July 16, 1925
the Canadian farmer-labor advocate
Page Seven
Congratulations Sent
[By British Congress
To Chinese Strikers
CiONDON—-The following cable-
has been sent by the Gen-
al Council of the British Trades
Won   Congress   to   the   Chinese
prkers' committee at Pekin:
["General    Council    of    British
|s_des   Union   Congress   heartily
ngratulates Chinese workers on
bir   determination  to  fight   in-
tnational   capitalism   to   secure
(proved     industrial     conditions,
Id  expresses   its  abhorrence  at
appalling industrial conditions
bposed in Chinese factories.
("General   Council   is   confident
tat  united stand  Chinese  work-
fs are making will result ln firm
fcablishment   of   militant   indus-
lal   organization   in   China   and
Ell do much to build up a pow-
Iful body of unity between east-
In and western trade unionism.'
JThe message was signed by A.
Swales, chairman, and Walter
Rtrine, assistant secretary.
eft Wing Demands
Recall ol the British
Consul From China
ILONDON.—The ■ following  reso-
|tions were passed at the monthly
petings of the Birmingham Lett
Labor Group:
Hi.) We demand the withdrawal
Dd   punishment   of   the   British
Miaul at Shanghai, and of all who
|tve been concerned in the mur
s of Chinese workers; the grant
of an indemnity for the mur
fere.d;   the   return  of  the  stolen
Incessions to China; and the with
jawal of all troops and warships
pm China.
1(2.) We also protest against the
Ition of the British Broadcasting
jmpany in broadcasting capitalist
opaganda in connection with the
strike of Chinese workers at
LONDON.—Representatives     of
Engineering Unions meet  on
ne 18 to discuss the reply re
ed on June 2 from the employ
who repeated their refusal to
tot a wage increase unless the
tions consented to longer hours
, a modification of wage rates.
ENDERS wanted for supply ol $1200
I worth ot Electric Lamps, to be sup-
Id to Vancouver School Board Stock
fa in case lots as required. Quote
les as follows:
] Watt Nitros,   %-frosted,  etched V.
' Watt Tungstens, plain.
! Watt Tungstens, plain.
J Watt Tungstens, plain,
lenders in sealed envelopes, endorsed
Anders for l_\mps," to be in
ds of the secretary by 5 p.m. Mon-
3rd August, 1926.
Secretary School Board.
ENDERS wanted,. 2000 tons Vancou-
Iver    Island    Goal,    for   Vancouver
tol Board.    Quote prices as follows,
tfered in bunkers, any school of Van-
[er School Board:
Double screened lump, per ton.
O,_ok, per ton.
ler   to   state   B.T.U.'s   of   Ooal
on.    Ton to  be 2000 lbs.,  and
Uied to Sohool Board as required by
fiduai orders.
Iwest tender not necessarily accept-
*i Tenders, in sealed envelopes, en-
bd "COAL TENDERS," to be in
Is of the secretary by 5 p.m. Mon-
"3rd August,  1825.
Secretary School Board.
(§ih tamiru Sabor Jfaros
(Secretary  Miners'   Federation  of
Great Britain.)
One hundred and seventy thousand miners are today unemployed, while there are thousands
who are under notice and who
will shortly be Idle.
Thousands more are only working three or four days a week,
and almost daily pits are being
closed  down.
Thousands of young men of 17
and 18 years of age have never
yet had an opportunity to work,
because they had to leave school
when they reached 14 years of
age, only to be flung on the industrial scrap heap.
Durham and Wales are the two
worst districts. Demoralization
and desolation iB spreading
through the colliery villages. In
Durham thousands of men havu
been refused unemployment pay.
The miner wants work, but under private ownership he is denied
the right to live as a decent human citizen.
The time has come for action,
for deeds and not,words., ,. *
Let there be called immediately
a special Trades Union Congress
to thrash out the. whole question
and to decide upon an, immediate
line of action. Direct action must
be the order of the day.
The government is adding insult
to injury, and the home secretary
is abusing and insulting us.
The master and the government
have refused to help solve the
problem—wealth and luxury are
still flaunted before our eyes.
Our class is suffering acutely.
Let us act together to end it once
and for all, not in the dim future,
but now!
British Millionaires
Ditch Liberal Play
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.— The Liberal mach
ine managers are finding no little
difficulty in getting together their
much vaunted Million Found Fund,
That does not surprise us, since we
could never understand the
grounds for their pretended op
In the past the millionaires pro
vided the bulk of what was needed
but that was in the days when
there was a sporting chance of the
Liberal Party getting hold of the
reins of power and of the millionaires receiving some anxiously desired return for their financial aid.
Appeal To Rank and File
Today they realize that it would
be a very bad Investment, and they
have tied a few more knots in the
strings of their well-filled purses.
It would be too much like pouring good money down the drain!
Accordingly the Party Managers
have appealed to the rank and file.
The "rank and file" must be
very proud of the new dignity
which is to be thrust upon them.
Hitherto they have merely been
called upon to vote. Now they are
also to be called upon to pay.
Mention the Advocate and dealer
will know you.
City of Vancouver—Water Works Dept.
Notice Is Hereby Given That the Lawn
Sprinkling Hours Are:
15 to 7 a. m. aiid 7 to 9 p. m.
|As provided by By-law 987 of the Olty of Vanoouver, and no person Is
Lpermitted  to   sprinkle' or  use  water  upon  gardens,  lawns   or  grounds
[except during such hours.
I Any person guilty of an infraction ol the said By-law is liable to a fine
(not exceeding one hundred dollars.
1 WILLIAM McQUEEN, Olty Clerk.
l» » iisiiiiiemisinneinn ■M-'ieniitigiiim e*t*e>
[Gems From the British
Labor Press
♦"Shoot To Kill," British
Officer Ordered
at Shanghai
ANOTHER parrot, brothers! He
is Dr. F. J. Waldo, coroner,
city of London, who, considering
the case of a man who committed suicide because he was out
of work, remarked: "A very unusual man. It is the exception to
find such men in these days ,when
so many people don't like work
and take the dole." Has the doctor in his corpse-inquest business
ever run across a duke or a prince
of the royal house who committed suicide because he was out of
work. And wouldn't it be nice
If that million-and-a-quarter unemployed had the decency all to
throw themselves in front of a
train, or swing themselves to a
rafter. It would make it so much
easier for our politicians."—Forward.
• *    *
If there is a set of unhappy,
poverty-stricken devils for whom
you are expected to weep your
eyes out at the moment lt is the
coal-owners; but nevertheless
Frederick Cleeves, lately of
Cleeves Western Valleys Collieries,
left £160,490. Now, may we have
a little sum in the rule of three.
If a coal owner who didn't howk
(dig) any coal could make £160.-
490, how much should a man
who howks and fills two tons a
day for life be able to leave? Ask
your bright youngster to set the
sum to his teacher.—Forward.
• *   *
We knew it; we knew It! The
Bolsheviks are responsible for the
trouble amongst the workers in
Shanghai! Excessive work and
low wages? Not at all; bless you,
the Chinese like it! A decent
house and proper rood to eae,
with enough clothes to wear?
Rubbish! The Chinese wouldn't
thank you for them. It's the
Bolshies! By the way, what or
who the devil caused all the
trouble amongst the workers before the Bolsheviks were Invented?—Forward.
• *   *
In the British Weekly we learn
that "the quest of humanity is a
double one. It is a quest after
the ideal life. It is also a quest
after the secret of the universe."
Incldently, at the moment, It is
(1) a question after ham and
eggs once in a while for breakfast, and (2) a quest after the
coppers that are necessary to pay
for them.—Forward.
• »   •
The Tennessee State Textbook
Commission has unanimously
adopted a textbook on biology
which declares that "no animali
resembling the human species can
be considered a source and origin
of humans." This deepens the
mystery of the 100 per cent. Am
erican.—British Labor Press Service.
• *   •
With reference to the alleged
plot to blow up King Alfonzo with
an electric bomb ln a. railway tunnel, it now appears that there
was no plot and no bomb. Apart
from this, the accounts or the incident given in the press are more
or less accurate.—Sunday Worker.
• *    *
"Nowadays germs and parasites
lead a dog's life," said Mr. Neville
Chamberlain at a Guildhall banquet. These Tories are always
complaining.—Town Crier.
• •    •
A fireprooflng faotory in Ohio
has been burned down. This
would have raised a laugh lf it
has occurred anywhere but in
America. — British Labor Press
LONDON.—From a manifesto issued by the Professors of the National University of Peking on
June 9, relating to the Shanghai
tragedy, we learn the true facts,
namely, that "strikes of Chinese
workers demanding the increase of
wages had been going on for some
time in the Japanese cotton factories at Tsingtao and Shanghai,
and a striker was shot and killed
by the Japanese without any justifiable cause.
The Protest
"Against this brutal act some
Chinese students, who were merely
young boys and girls, paraded as
a manifestation of protest in the
streets of Shanghai on May 30 last.
They were armed with nothing
more than pamphlets and" handbills.
"The police of the International
Settlement, who are practically
under the complete control of Brit*
ish officials, and Consul, not only
saw fit to prohibit the demonstra*
tion but also arrested a number
of the students taking part in it,
Ask Release of Prisoners
"Then the rest of the students
went to the police station demand
ing the release of their fellow students.   The police ordered the former to disperse."
"As they refused to go a British
police inspector ordered, 'shoot to
kill'. Six of the boys were killed
on the spot and over forty were
seriously wounded. ..This did not,
however, prevent the defenceless
students from repeating their dein*
onstratlon so the firing of rifles
and machine guns continued by Ute
British controlled police for at
least six days.
"The exact number of casualties
is still unascertainable, but most
reports show that at least 70 were
killed and 300 wounded. They are
all Chinese and not a single British or any other national appears
on the casualty list.
"Would any right-minded people
regard these boys and girls as rioters and treat them with bullets and
rounds of machine guns? Could
their manifestation be reasonably
interpreted as 'anti-foreign,' or
'bolshevised,' as some foreign-
owned news agencies suggested?"
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
British Unionists
Discuss Formation
Of a New Alliance
(Federated Press  Correspondent.)
LONDON.—Over 3,000,000 organized workers were represented
at the June i conference called
by the British miners' federation
to discuss a new alliance to replace the triple alliance which
broke down in 1921. The conference, composed of the executives of eight organizations comprising railwaymen, miners, transport workers, machinists and shipyard workers, unanimously voted
that "the furtherance of this
movement could be best served
by the appointment of a committee' and "that each group of industries appoint two representatives to serve on that committee,
their names to be submitted to
Mr. Cook" (miners' secretary).
Capitalist Press Jubilant
The capitalist press hailed the
decision with great glee as a defeat for Cook and other ardent
advocates of an alliance. Tbe National Minority Movement regards the decision as a serious
setback to the workers' struggle.
The Dally Herald, on the other
hand, sees in the conference decision another step towards the
united front and states that ways
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux; 401 -Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
Haskins & Elliott, 800 Pender W-
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. E.
Leslie  Coal Co.  Ltd.,   944  Beach
Ave., Sey. 7137.	
Dr.   W.  J.  Curry,   301   Dominion
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cordova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tlngs St. E.	
Hotel   Stratford,   Gore   Ave.   and
Famous  Cloak   &   Suit  Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,   Granville St.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruco Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B. Bruimmitt, 18-20 Cordova
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hastings West.
Gregory   &   Reld,    117   Hastings
Street East.
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hastings Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 969 Robson Street.
Fred Kaltenbach, 305 Carrall St.
Tenders for Tubular Boiler
TENDERS invited for the. construction and supply of one 48"xl2"
return tubular boiler. Apply school
Board Office for specification. Tenders
to be in the hands of undersigned by
5 p.m. July 15th, 1925. Lowest or any
tender not necessarily accepted.
Secretary Vancouver School Board.
and means for the new alliance
"are now to be considered in a
hopeful spirit." A. J. Cook, writing in the Sunday Worker, states
that the "situation remains very
serious," and appeals to the rank
and file to make special efforts.
LONDON.—Trade Board rates
for the ready-made wholesale tailoring trade have been revised, involving an increase of Id. an hour
for men and %d. an hour for women. The rates become operative
on June 18.
For a Day's Outing
ao to
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eastern Ry.
(Via No. Vancouver Oity Ferries)
Leave North Vancouver for all
stations 8:10 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past each hour until 8:80
p.m. Return from Whyteclift
9:25 a.m. and 26 minutes past
each hour until 9:25 p.m.
Furchass Tickets at Ferry Wharf
and 533 Oranvllle Street
Return Fares From Vanconver:
Adults 70c; Children 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. 300      Seymour 9331 Page Eight
Friday, July 10, 19_|
f&dJJ&rUd *~faqi
Address All Letters   apd
Remittances to the Editor
®1jp fflattatatt Jarmer-ffiab-or Afcmirafr
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
If men would but live up to reason's rules,
They would not bow and scrape to
wealthy fools.
—Lucretius, 95-52 B. C.
•T-HE MONKEY SHOW has open-
-*- ed in Dayton Tennessee, and a
dozen good men and true, who
couldn't tell whether the law of
biogenesis is the latest type of harrow or the latest brand of jazz, are
going; to decide upon a question
which numerous scientists have
spent a lifetime studying during
the past century and a quarter. If
any proof were required of capitalisms inane stupidity it can certainly be found ln Dayton.
»   »   •
**^ are commercialized, and Dayton's lunacy exposition is no exception to the rule. "Hot dogs"
figure prominently In the display,
while one enterprising firm of Babbitts have Installed radio broadcasters in the court house, grabbed
the school playgrounds, fitted it up
with seats, put in loud speakers,
and those who wish to hear "man
versus monkey, as seen by a moron," can do so by paying an entrance fee.
* •   »
•'-' byterlan church, regarded by
most christians as being immune
from commercial attacks, was
made the subject of a real estate
deal when some christian gentleman, who refused to admit any
kinship with "lower animals," tried
to rent it for a dance hall and
cabaret. This was indignantly refused by the stalwart elders of tlie
church; they wanted to use it
themselves for a restaurant, where
meals would be dished up at 75
cents per head.
* *    •
nnHE MOORS, because they were
■*■ considered Infidels, suffered
violent attacks from Roman Catholic adherents during the days
when that church dominated the
then "civilized world". Now they
are getting the grace of God instilled into their hearts by high
explosives. The daily press informs
us that 800 of them were slaughtered recently when christian
Frenchemen dumped 3,00 pounds
of bombs among 2,000 Riffs. This
act being committed ln the Interests of trade was, of course, sanctified.
* *   *
DOISON GAS, we were told a few
* years ago, was the particular
weapon of the fiendish Hun. None
but those who happened to be born
ln tlie same country as King
George's grandfather would ever
think of using such a diabolical
tiling. Now we find a prominent
citizen of "peace loving France,"
advocating that it be used against
the Riffs. And why not? Poison
gas factories aro idle, and thc
present demand for It is small.
Using it would "increase prosperity
by putting money into circulation."
VAST RICHES will flow Into the
pockets of Vancouver residents
according to thc "Sun" lf someone
will supply us with a chair making
emporium. This is all that Is required to bring a pay envelope Into 560 homes, increase the population by 2,000, and put $730,000 per
year into circulation. "My kingdom
for a chair factory," sailh King
Babbitt. Unemployment and cabinet making cannot both exist in
the some locality.
"He who would be free himself m ust strike the
threatens to involve all the great capitalist powers, is
looming near. Britain is preparing to rush troops to Tangier
to prevent Spanish soldiers from occupying the "international
zone" in whieh that town is situated, and refuses to allow
any power to "establish itself on the Straits of Gibraltar."
Austen Chamberlain, backed by that sabre-rattling jingo,
Winston Churchill, refuses to promise that troops will not bei
sent until parliament sanctions it. Thus once again capital
declares that in matters of major importance it rules without,
parliament. To the master class of Great Britain the slaughter
of millions of British and colonial troops is of little moment
when compared to safeguarding trade routes to the Far East,
for the export of shoddy cotton and Sunlight soap. Workers'
lives are cheap, but trade spells profits. Besides, the Mediterranean must be kept open for the passage of war vessels to
the scene of the next capitalist shambles—the Orient.
T0HN BULL'S STATUS IN CHINA is becoming precarious.
J When British troops landed at Canton, China threatened
Japan with a devastating boycott of all Japanese goods if
aid was given to Britain. The Japanese imperialists, desiring
to have China for their own exploitation, seized this opportunity of unofficially informing China that they would unite
with her should Britain wage a war of aggression upon the
Chinese nation. The United States imperialists, while taking
the precaution to have warships on the scene, adopted a conciliatory attitude, hoping thereby to win preferential treatment from the Chinese, Britain has been shoved into the
position of aggressor. Her traditional hypocritical mantle—
"the champion of small nations"—has been torn from her
shoulders, exposing the naked, gleaming sword of capitalist
piracy. The result is that Chamberlain and his cohorts have
been informed in the British parliament that "Britain's diplomatic failure in China is the worst in her history, since
they allowed themselves to become the catspaw of others,"
while "America, with a singular adroitness, seems to have
escaped all obloquy." In other words, Uncle Sam has shoved
John Bull into the position he used to shove other nations.
•      ***•»
•THE BOLSHEVIKS, of course, are blamed for all the
■ trouble. This is necessary, because the needs of capitalism demands that should another war develop it be used as
a pretext for attempting the overthrow of workers' rule in
Russia. Another forged letter, similar to the one used during'
the last British general election, has made its appearance.
The Imperialist police in Shanghai claim to have seized a
letter written by the Communist party of Russia, authorizing
the bearer to foment strikes in South China. What use such
a document would be to its bearer is not clear, but British
capital required such a missive in its efforts to overthrow
Soviet rule, so it had to be manufactured, because Russia must
be made the dumping .ground for British iron and steel, and
British imperialism needs the Baku oil fields. But British
patience is proverbial, and Britain, through her jingoistic
government, states that she is willing to overlook even thiB
affront in the interest of British trade and commerce.
jVTEXT WAR, into which we are being dragged by the imperialistic designs of our rulers, will be the greatest carnage in history. Dr. Woker, analytical chemist of Berne
University, states that: "Aeroplanes controlled entirely by
wireless, carrying poison gas bombs, twelve of which will
suffice to destroy every vestige of animal and vegetable life"
in cities like Paris and Berlin, will invest the next war with
a frightfulness against which civilization will have no defence.
These gases will destroy the organs of respiration and cause
blindness, madness, the tortures of suffocation, and finally
death." This is what we are being dragged into because
capitalism requires markets in which to dispose of labor's
surplus products, and because we lack the initiative and
audacity to kick into oblivion the most ruthless, useless and
degenerate band of plunderers that every preyed upon those
who toil.
Railroads Use More
Bosses, Lay Off More
Productive Labor
(Federated Press Service.)
More high-paid officials and
fewer productive workers is the
economy practiced by railroad
owners if interstate commerce
commission wage statistics for
March tell the truth. The report
shows that the number of wage
earners employed by the railroads
fell of 37,993, or more than 2 per
cent, compared with the previous
year. The number of executives,
officials and high salaried staff
members increased by 203, or
more than 1 per cent;
The railroad required 410,824
fewer hours work per day from
productive workers in March,
1925, than in March, 1924. But
they paid for 1798 more hours
each day of time of officials.
• Heavy Layoffs in Shops
Seasonal increases totaling 8684
workers in the maintenance of
way forces between February and
March were more than counterbalanced by heavy layoffs in the
shops and the train and engine
service forces. The shopmen were
reduced by 6208 to a point 13,822
below March, 1924, while the
number of train and engine men
fell off 7523 to a level 13,867 below the previous year.
These decreases in number employed mean corresponding cuts in
the total wages paid these groups.
Compared with March, 1924, the
railroads this year paid $1,439,-
887 less to shopmen and $1,680,-
380 less to train and engine service employees.
The time has now come to
organize, rebuild, and renew
Labor Press, and give it grea
power than it ever had before]
fight the battles of the work
against the crushing and corru
Ing powers of capitalist Imperil
ism which now rules with ruthll
sway and strides in iron-shod bo|
over the prostrate liberties of
people.— Eugene Debs.
After AU, It Is Price
That Talks
Men's Solid Leather Oxfords, new!
toes, tan or black; $5.50 val-"
ues lor    14.601
Boys' Brown Running Shoes,!
crepe soles; sizes 1 to 6, $1,501
Women's Whito HIgh-Toppedl
Boots, high heel, sizes 2 1-2 t«J
7; to clear   60ol
Men's Khaki Coveralls, $2.40,]
$2,95 and   $3.26
Men's Khaki Pants, $1.70, $2.26
Men's  White   Duck  Pants, $2.25
Arthur Frith& CoJ
Man's   and   Boys'    Purnlshtngii
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues)
Phone Fair. 14
Patronize Our Advertisers.
Selfishness and Hatred know
frontiers; Brotherhood knows
them not.—Lamartlne.
Pass  this  copy  to  your  shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-108 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W., Vanconver, B.O.
Telephones; Seymonr 6666 and 6667
Fir or Lamatco
We Sell Direct to
or in Small Quantities
We Deliver
anywhere and at your con*]
venience.  We can also sui
ply you the right
Gregory &Rei<
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings]
We Have to Vacate
------UWmU-Wm        \e---meea\\\---—WWa^a\eea\a-\\      ,^tmm^      ^^^^■■■■.^■^^■•^■1.1'..™
and must sell our stock this month.  The stoel
is all new merchandise .
$19.50 for $13.10
$1.00 for 15c
HATS, 75c
$9.00 for $6.40
CAPS, 50c
Many of the above goods will be higher thi|
Fall—Hats, for instance, will be up $1.50.


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