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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Jun 26, 1925

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 ■___§
•        ,   sl^wn^iS^^^-V—\_\*^ 9*-'T-m7
Earmer'
With Which Is Incorporated THE B.*■" ^iJERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year,   No.
VANCOUVEB, B.C., FBIDAY MOBLiNG, JUNE 26,1925
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
N. S. Miners Defy
Military and
Take Food
SYDNEY, Nova Scptla.—Even
- the regiment of troops sent in here
by the govornment failed to prevent the starving miners and their
families from securing foodstuffs
tor themselves.
In Sydney, the fire and police
department was called to a remote
part of town to put out a small
fire. When they returned the
large company store of Besco's was
, in the hands of several hundred
miners and their families. The
chief of police tried to Interfere,
but was overpowered.
Wagons of the company were requisitioned to carry off the loads
of goodB. These wagons were loaded and then men and women pulled and pushed them away. Boots,
..shoes, clothing foodstuffs all went.
Only Two Stores Left
A summary of the damage done
ln the southern colliery district indicates that only two company
stores are left. The rest are cleaned out entirely.
Although 600 more troopa have
arrived, they are powerless to stop
'the miners unless they begin a bat-
He which may mean the extermination of thousands. This is the
outcome  of the  attempt  by the
ritish Empire Steel corporation to
cut the wages of the miners of
District 26, U. M. W. of A. below
the level of existence and to enforce the cut by lockout from the
mines and cutting off credit at the
ompany stores.
JMiners Get a Club;
Company Officials Get
$160,000 Per Year
The miners of Nova Scotia are
tains for bread and life.   Our
apitalist government bas rushed
troopa to compel them to starve
liuletly,  but made  no  effort to
iy such conditions aa these*
Before   the  strike   took  place
tbe minera were unemployed,
lie otber half were working one
two days per week.   The average daily wage  paid was approximately $4.00 per day; many
lived but $3.60, a few as high
$4.50.
For cutting, loading, shooting*—
Deluding the cost of explosives—
nbering, track laying and push-
boxes a distance of 350 feet,
men received que. dollar per
on of 2240 lbs.   Wben this coal
bas hoisted to the surface it sold
kt  SIX  DOLLARS   FOR  A  TON
!>F 2000 POUNDS.
Officials of tbe company were
living a yearly salary of:
oy Wolvin, residing in
Montreal    $65,000.00
.  E.  McLurg,  residing
ln Sydney   30,000.00
Sir  Newton Moore,   residing in London, Eng. 25,000.00
|Geo.  F.  Downes,  residing  tn  U.S.A......  15,000.00
A total of $160,000.00 for five
en.   THIS IS OAPITALISM.
British Labor Women
Opposed to Dumping
Children Into Canada
LONDON.—-The Women's Labor
party convention, which recently
completed its sessions ln Birmingham, England, emphatically disapproves of the lands settlement
scheme recently instituted ln Canada, Including the settlement of 3,-
000 selected British families on
land in the Dominion and assisted
passage for children going to Canada through the medium of voluntary child migration societies.
"Maggie's" Attitude
Miss Margaret Bondfleld, parliamentary secretary to the ministry
of labor in the late Labor Oovernment, who headed a British delegation that investigated child immigration in Canada last year, described the scheme of family emigration and said it was a great
improvement over the old method
of shoving people into Canada indiscriminately.
The convention, however, refused to accept Miss Bondfleld as* a
guide on the emigration question.
■ nl i|ii|i ■i,t„tm,H„l,it,i|„t,itiitiHiiti |i liitiigui
Troops Used to Aid
Scabs Against Union
Coal Miners in U.S.
HENRYETTA, Okla.—The bitter and continuous warfare which
for weeks has been going on
against the members of the United Mine Workers who 'have been
trying to organi2ze the nqn-union
mines, has flared into open battle. As a result the town is under martial law, with state troops
patrolling the streets With fixed
bayonets.
The union miners virtually took
possession of the town after company gunmen had attempted to
prevent nqn-union miners being
solicited by union men to line up
against the bosses. Andrew Meit-
us, a scab, la known to be perhaps fatally Injured and many
others are hurt.
Plan International
Scholarships For
Student Workers
NEW YORK. — International
Scholarships for union workers will
commence oh October 1st of thU
year when William Boss, machinist, of Baltimore, will go to Buskin
college, Oxford, Enpland, and
Horst Bernez, wood turner, of thn
free city of Danzig will attend
Brookwood labor Col.'ege at Ka-
tonan, New Sunk.
Spencer Miller Jr., executive secretary of the Workers' Education
Bureau, official organ of the American Federation of Labor, stated
that the guest scholars arrange for
their own traveling expenses under the terms of the exchange, but
their tuition and Hying, costs are
born by the institution acting as
host. Ross' trip will be financed
by the machinists union of Baltimore. Bernez will be sent by the
Danzig wood turners' craft.
:-: 8 2:-:
'THERE were 82 live news items
-1 i,n the last issue of thts paper.
It Is safe to say no other labor
paper in Canada publishes this
amount of news, and most of
them not even half this.
Live, accurate news of what the
workers are doing throughout the
world is supplied to THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE by Labor's two great news-
gathering organizations—The Federated Press and the British Labor Press Service. This service is
exclusive to this paper ln Vancouver.
Here are some of the important
news items carried in this issue:
OAUADIAN
Class War Rages in Nova Scotia. ... 1
Paper Makers Win in Ontario  8
Lumber Barons Big Market in U.S..... 6
>: AMERICAN
Yankee    Imperialists    Collect    Blood
Money    ..-  1
U.S. Tenant Farming Increases...-. 2
Plasterers Ont in Jurisdiction Fight.... 3
BBITISH
Labor   Opposes   Child   Emigration   to
Canada	
Lansbury Advocates Trade Union Solidarity   _   8
British Building Trades Face Crisis.... _
Bow Dawes Plan WorkB in England.... 7
FOBBION
Mexican Farmers Seize Idle Estates.... 2
Russian Agriculture Makes Big Headway  —  |
Chinese Blame British Imperialists  5
Big   Business   Establishes   World   Autocracy    _  6
Read them, _*nd tnen help make
this paper a bigger power by
sending ln your subscription and
that of your neighbor. Two Dollars a year; One Dollar for six
months. SEND IN YOUR SUB
TODAY.
(Use this blank) :
Name
Address   	
One Year $2 Six Months $1
Send to 1129 Howe Street,
Vancouver, B.C.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR
ADVOCATE.
War Debt Payments
Trickle Into United
States Money Chests
WASHINGTON—Great Britain
recently paid the United States
the small sum of $68,310,000 on
her $4,600,000,000 war debt, according to a treasury announcement. Payment was made through
the federal reserve bank of New
York.
Other debt payments received by
the United States on the same day
were:
Finland, $133,650.
Hungary, $14,905.
Lithuania, $75,000.
Poland, $600,000.
During the present year, payments from European debtors who
have already made funding agreements with the United States will
total $162,153,000, in addition to
a payment of $20,500,000 by
France as interest on her debt for
relief supplies.
Edward P. Treated
To Stony Stare By
Solomon, Zulu King
LONDON,—The king of the Zulu nation gave the prince of Wales
to understand that he was only a
small banana in his eyes, when the
dusky noble refused to give him a
royal salute.
It appears that Solomon, the Zulu king, was not given a position in
the court representation that accorded with his dignity. He thereupon expressed his ideas about the
prince in language that was emphatic and graphic. Solomon is a
high spirited king and a scrapper.
The British empire cannot afford
to have Its prince insulted by onc
of his own subjects, so the matter
of Solomon's attitude is being investigated by the government. It
is hinted that if they find Solomon
guilty of lese majeste, he may be
severely punished.
«•_ ■ i mtn miiin iii i,i I, ,in„,i
RUSSIAN  SOVIET
FINISHES BIG IRRIGATION PROJECT
LENINKAN, Armernia.—
The Soviet government has
Just completed its first national irrigation project comprising a huge dam and forty miles of canals, whicb Involved the projection of a
tunnel through two miles of
mountains.. and . .required
three years of labor.
The irrigation system will
convert 50,000 acres of barren land into fertile agricultural and grazing areas.
i n mumm inn i mummum iii<
Forced Arbitration
Aids the Employers
MELBOURNE, Aus., ■— Although
compulsory a bitration ls accepted
by almost every union ln Australia,
there is much dissatisfaction owing to the delays ln the federal arbitration court. There are three
judges on the bench, but as many
of the claims by the unions and
counter-claims by employers are
lengthy, evbn lf no more claims
were filed, it would take a couple
of years to deal with them.
By the tfifte many claims are
reached, they are'out of date and
the awards are of little use to the
members of the union. The unions
are not allowed to amend the
claims once filed unless they are
withdrawn altogether when they
have to be filed anew at the end
of the waiting list.
Employers don't worry as it allows them to continue the out-of-
date awards, under an increasing
cost of living.
Maritime Premier
Lies for Mine
Bosses
SASKATOON.—ln response to a
request from a Methodist Church
here as to whether it should raise
funds for the Nova Scotia strikors the following letter has been
received from E. H. Armstrong,
Premier of that Province.
"I have yours of the eighth of
May. This is a matter which you
will have to decide for yourselves. ■
"I can only repeat what the medical officer of the town of Glace
Bay said to me last week, that so
far as he personally knew, up to
the time of his speaking, 'there
had not been a case of actual distress in the town of Glace Bay.'
"In my opinion there has been
nothing in the history of the country so grossly exaggerated for political purposes as the situation in
the mining districts of Cape Breton. I think practically every person in Nova Scotia has now agreed
that one of the most pronounced
hoaxes ever put upon a sympathetic people was that launched a few
weeks ago by some over-excited
people in connection with this unfortunate matter. I do not believe
that today one dollar could * be
raised In the. province of Nova
Scotia for this purpose. Further-
than that, I do not think it is needed,     a
"You have asked me a plain
question, and I can do no better
than to give you a plain answer.
When those who are fomenting
this trouble see fit to accept money
from the Red International and to
parade the red flag, in preference
to the British flag, it is about time
the public took notice, much more
so the quarterly board of the Methodist church."
Evidently Armstrong has forgot
the following statement made by
one of his own Cabinet Ministers,
A. S. McMillan, Minister of Highways, who was sent into the strike
area by the premier, and after
visiting the homes of the miners,
said:
"This is all I want to sec. .If
you nave nnything worse I don't
want to see lt. I desire to see no
more. I have seen enough. My
hen-house is far superior to that
house.
Armstrong also fails to mention
that lt v/as upon hearing McMillan's report of the actual starvation among the miners that his
government voted $20,000, for relief, thus giving the lie to the
statement he now makes.
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
CAPE BRETON NOMINATES
MORE LABOR CANDIDATES
CAPE BRETON.—At the recent
Labor Convention in Cape Breton
Centre. Joseph Steele, M.P.P., anl
Emerson Campbell an employee of
the Steel Co., were nominated to
contest the election in the interests
of Labor. A motion to refrain
from contesting the election was
voted down 31 to 23. This Is the
new riding created at the last session of the local house. Pftge'Two
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Fridiy, Jane 26, l»2fr]
Mexican Farmers Are
Seizing Idle Estates
Held By Capitalists
jNotes and Comments     J Co-operatives in Europe
Of Interest to Farmers
MEXICO CITY.—The agrarians
have moved on to the large estates
throughout Mexico, most of which
have been brought up by foreigners including American capitalists,
and allowed to remain idle. The
agrarians were thus denied the
right to make a living, and have
taken to the Idle farms rather than
starve.
Although President Calles was
forced to sponsor agrarian "reform" laws, he has, since taking
the presidency, kept up a war on
the militant agrarians.
Calles Good Servant
Surprise was '.expressed ln official circles here over the sharpness
of the Kellog statement.    Calles'
officials point out that Calles has
fought the militant agrarians. Calles has ordered the Mexican state
Governments to disarm all agrarians, but many of the states have
refused  to  do  this,  and' as  they*
have autonomy under the federal!
constitution of Mexico, Calles could
not aid his Amorican imperialist
masters to a great extent.
Farmers Sele Land
Agrarians have seized a number
of  small  farms.    Federal  troops
have been dispatched by Calles to
drive out the agrarians, who have
been fighting for their existence,
William Randolph Hearst, who
owns immense tracts of land in
Mexico, was recently forced to give
the agrarians certain sections of
his lands ln order to prevent them
trom seizing his entire estates outright.
Press Abets the President
The papers; here representing the
Mexican landowners are taking
Sides with President Calles. declaring he has been as good a servant
of Wall Street imperialism as could
be expected considering the growing militancy of the agrarians and
trade unionists.
The United States Chamber of
Commerce here has taken a similar view, declaring: "It is realized
that President Calles is straining
every effort to keep the agrarian
elements In check,"
FARMER'S PURCHASING      '
POWER* DECLINES
WASHINGTON, D. C.*--The purchasing power of farm products
has declined in the last 2 months
to a point about 10 per cent below the average of the years 1909
to 1914) taken by the department
of agriculture as normal. Farm
wages are also far behind industrial wages, the advance compared
with prewar being only 63 per cent,
in* industry. According to the
Journal of Commerce: "This is
part of the story of the unequal
degree In which agriculture and
business have recovered from the
postwar slump. A more prosperous agriculture would have been
a stronger bidded for labor and
farm wages would accordingly
have been a stronger bidder for
labor and farm wages would accordingly have been higher."
A day, an hour, of virtuous liberty is worth a'whole eternity ln
bondage.—Addison.
[By Timothy Hay]
f\N June 16th, an editorial was
y published in the "Daily Province," under the caption "Immigration". This editorial included
the following paragraph:
"Immigration from Great Britain is disappointing. Despite the
hundreds of thousands of unemployed in the old land fewer than
ever are found willing to tempt
fortune in this Dominion. What
is the matter?" Having asked this
question the editor endeavors to
explain what he thinks are the
reasons, and what he thinks will
change this condition, but after
filling half a column he arrives
nowhere. Why? Because he dare
not tell what he knows to be true.
Should he do so he would lose his
job. As a farmer I ask can we expect people from the old land to
take up farming here, where 80
per cent, of the farms are in the
hands of banks and mortgage companies? Can anyone expect people
to take up expensive fruit land
when practical fruit growers in
convention pass resolutions against
enticing people to raise fruit that
cannot be sold? Can we expect
people to come here and farm under such rotten conditions as that
exposed in the recently published
Duncan Report on the operations
of the Nash Fruit Combine? Conditions in Canada today are not
conducive to further immigration, j
We are blessed with a cheap and
efficient mail service to the Old
Country, and this with a dissatisfied rural population will defeat
any immigration policy that may
be launched.
•    *    »
When the farmer organlaztions
In this Province were last circularized as to' the need for political
action by farmers, 90 per cent, replied favorably, and shortly afterwards the old Farmer Hen laid her
first political egg, and the old Bird
commenced to hatch out the chick
but the little fellow never got completely out of the shell, because
General McRae put his foot on it
as it was hatching out, and the
poor chick was no more. But it is
quite possible that Farmer Hen
mated to a Labor Rooster may lay
another political egg, which will
develop a stronger chick, and this
will be watched more carefully at
hatching time. The present is a
good time to feed these Farmer-
Labor birds with a good balanced
Farmer-Labor ration.
* *    *
The daily press roports that the
Department of Labor at Ottawa is
getting ready to launch legal action against the Nash Interests,
under the Combines Act, as a result of the findings of the Duncan
Commission. Press reports also
state that the Nash interest have
commenced action in the Supreme
Court to have the "Combines Act"
declared ultra vires, and for an
order preventing the Duncan Commission from continuing its Investigations. Looks like it was going
to be the same old story between
court and Crown, and nothing will
bb done except the farmer does lt
for himself.
• *    »
In a recent issue of the "Farm
The co-operative societies of
Europe have in many cases been
the basis upon which the reconstruction and development of trade
and industry could proceed and
without which certain economic
reforms seemed impossible, according to the federal trade commission's report to congress on cooperation in foreign countries.
Co-Operatives  Recommended
The outstanding feautre of the
report is a recommendation that
retail consumers' co-operative societies be established in the thickly populated rural districts of the
United States. Organization of
farmers' co-operative sales societies for marketing agricultural
produce directly from the farm to
the city household is also recommended.
In Baltic States
"In Finland, the Baltic republics, Poland and Czechoslovakia,
where the world war destroyed
most means of livelihood, the state
authorities are availing themselves
of co-operative organizations, established prior to the war, as the
most serviceable means for reconstruction.
Britain and Germany
"In some of the larger coun
tries of Europe, like the United
Kingdom, Germany and France,
the consumers' co-operative societies rank among the largest producers and distributors of necessaries of life. In England, and
Germany nearly half of the population is affiliated with the consumers' wholesale and retail societies. In Czechoslovakia it is estimated that about 8,000,000 people
are directly interested in cooperative enterprises.
BRIGHT PROSPECTS
FOR LARGE CROPS
IN SOVIET UNION
and Home,'" there appeared another attack upon the Provincial
Minister of Agriculture, and his
Deputy. This attack is only one
of many that have been published
in the same paper, but they appear
to have as much effect upon the
Hon. Minister as pouring water on
a duck's back expecting it to stay
there. We farmers are beginning
lo think that it is time we had a
Minister of Agriculture who could
at least hit back, and not take
these wallops lying down.
• « •
The editor of "Farm and Home"
charges both old political parties
with being in collusion to keep in
office, and refers to the Minister
of Agriculture as being "incompetent"; but Farm and Home still
supports the two old parties. These
political bodies are not afraid of
Farm and Home's bark. They regard its yelp as that of the dog
who barks when It wants something, and ceases barking when it
gets it. Will the editor of Farm
and Home tell us whether he will
support a real change.
11JOSCOW. — Russian agriculture
has made remarkable head*
way since 1922. The seeded*area
in 1923-24, in comparison witb
that of 1922-23, has. been increased by 18% per cent., the number
of cattle Increased by 17 per cent.
A demand for agricultural implements on the part of the peasants has -been continually growing. The peasants ln all parti of
the R.S.F.S.R. are trying to adopt
the new methods of cultivation ot
their lands.
The stabilization of Russian
money and the development of
industry have played an important part in the progress* of agriculture. At the same time two
factors—the lack. of. horses in
1924 and the drought of 1924—
have greatly hindered the' development i|p the agricultural field
in accordance with the plans for
1924-25. But notwithstanding these
drawbacks, the seeded' area will
be larger by 3% million dessiatin
than that of 1924.
Not only has tho- area seeded
been increased; but the quality of"
the cultures' has been improved.
The area seeded with rye was-Increased''by 3,5 per cent.; with
wheat, by 18 per cent; The-following figures afford an interesting comparison in regard to other
cultures: The area seeded with
potatoes in 1924 was 46.5 pel
cent, of that of 1913; seeded with
flax, 84 per cent.; seeded with
hemp, 106 per cent.; feed grass,
127 per cent; seeded with sunflower, 179 per cent. These figures show that the agriculture'
has been quickly reaching the
pre-war < mark, and in many cases
has already passed it.
Crops Better
The condition of the crops, according to the. latest' reports of
the department of agriculture,, ls
as follows: North region—Crop is
fair; no damage. Northeast region—The winter crops are Jfli fair
condition. Northwest region—The
winter crops are developing nicely, recent rains have noticeably
helped the growth of crops. Central region—In- most parts the
condition is fair, in some partu
poor. Western region—The rye
is in good condition, the wheat
somewhat worse. Blacksoil region—Condition fair. Upper Volga
region — Condition fair, Middle
Volga region—All over, with exception of a small part, conditions
are fair. Lower Volga region—
Except Penza province, the conditions are fair. North Caucasia region—The condition is fair.
MANITOBA FARMERS
ARE FLOODED Ol
WINNIPEG.—Driven from their
homes by floods caused by the
Whltemouth and Birch rivers over-j
flowing their banks, 83 families J
approximating about 600 Individ?
uala of township Medlka in thd
Birch river, district of Manitoba^
arev being-kept'from starvation bjj
the: provincial government ana
provided'* with shelter by kindls
neighbors in nearby localities thaj
are not inundated. Fodder for ;
stock ls also being supplied by tti^
government, which ls directing ef'
forts at getting; temporary shelterl
for the stock provided.
FARMERS' LEADER
SAYS RADICALS
TRUE PIONI
DUBUQUE, Iowa.—Speaking bej
fore the Iowa State Federation ofl
Labor convention, Milo Reno, pres-j
ident of the Iowa Farmers' Union,)
declared that had the farmers beeq
organized' they could' have been
dominating,class and demanded
place around the-table with organ-]
lzed labor and Industry.
He-said that the rights the Ami
erican people now enjoy are th*|
fruit of work done by radicals!
The- interests of the exploited far-l
mers and their struggle against thef
financiers and the railroad mag
nates and middlemen are drivlnj
them into co-operation with thj
workers.
Wellfor the drones of the socia
hive that there are bees of an ln
dustrial' turn,  willing for an  lnl
finiteslmal share of the honey, tl
undertake the labor of Its fabrical
tion.—Hood.
Subscribe to The Advocate
LONG-DISTANCE IS
CHEAPEST AT NIGHT
TVTEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
a.m.
B. 0; Telephone Company'
FARMERS, TAKE NOTICE *
Workers on the-land are Invited
to make themselves correspondents
of. THE, CANADIAN. FARMER-
LABOR ADVOCATE and send- in.
news items of Interest. Write plain
every-day English- and be sure of'
your facts. Send*'news to the Editor, 1139 Howe Street, Vancouver,
B. C.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
3—STORES—8
48 Hastings St. East,  Sty.  888-672     666 (Jranyille Strwt   Sey. 9618-1381
161' Hastings  Street West..._...7.Soy.
'SAT IX WITH FLOWERS'
1870
DEAFNES
NOISES IN THE HEAD
AND NASAL CATARRH
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy calltd
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
whieh absolutely relieves deafness]
noises in the head, ete. No txptn]
tlvt appliances needed tor thlt ne\f
Ointment, instantly operates npon ttt
affected parti with oomplete and pet'
manent success. Scores of wonder
ful casts reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whitehon
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am plea
ed to. tell yon that the small tin i
ointment yon tent to me at Ventno
kai pro-red a complete success,
hearing is now quite normal and
horrible head noises hare ceased
Th« action of this new remedy mn
be very remarkable, for I have bi
troubled with those complaints
nearly 10 years and have had sc
ot tht very, best medical advico,
gether with other expentivt ear
strumtntt, all* to no purpose.* I i
hardly say how vtn grateful I
for my life hu undergone an en
change."
Try, one box today, whloh ean
forwarded- to any- addreu on reeeffl
of money order for $1.00. Thtn *
nothing better at any price. Addrti
orders to Manager "LARMALENE J
l Oo, Dtal, Htnt, England.
PREVENT FOREST FIRE
— IT PAYS — Eriday, J&one 36,4925
1KB CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Three
■ - POLITICS - -
fCalgary CLP. Holds
Meeting To Consider
Registration Drive
CALGARY.—Plans were made
[for a systematic campaign to get ah
{Labor supporters in Calgary to re-
Jgister for the coming municipal
| election at a special meeting of the
Calgary council of the Canadian
'Labor  Party  held   in  the  Labor
Temple.
The committee will solicly the
I support of all trade unionists in the
'city ln their effort to.have aibig
r turnout ln the civic contest. It
J was decided that the.best method
'■ of getting the voters out would be
I for -the managers of the.oommlttee
[and others to call personally upon
those who have not registered or
'telephone   and   remind   them   of
their duty.
Communist Picnic To Be
Held July 12th
The annual picnic 'of the Vancouver branches of the Communists Party of Canada will be held
on July 12th, at Belcarra Park.
The picnic is being'1 arranged by
the City Central Committee, and
the three Communist locals in the
City, as well as the Young Communist League will participate.
Tlokets are now on sale, the
charge, which includes transportation, being fl.00' for adults, and
26 eents for children.
[American Workers Aid
Irish Famine Victims
The situation among the famine
stricken peasants of the West of
Ireland is not Improving, according to a letter received at the office of the Irish Workers and Peasants Famine Relief Committee, bt
19 S. Lincoln St., Chicago, 111.,
from Robert Stewart, ^executive
secretary of the Irish Section of
the International Workers' Aid.
The American workers are responding to the appeal for aid to
.their brothers and sifters in Ireland and many generous contributions are coming from local unions
-throughout the country.
eussia Is Only Country
That Has Reduced
Armaments
For every 10,000 people in the
(toviet Union there are 41 soldiers,
Roumajnia and   Poland   there
_re  100  soldiers,  and  in  France
vlthout the colonies) 200 soldiers for every 10,000 of the pop*
jlatlon. In some of the western
European countries the armies are
broportlonately between three and
pve times bigger than ln the So*
riet Union.
There are now 552,000 soldiers
the Soviet Unio,n Instead of 1,
[29,000 of the pre*.war czarist
rmy. The countries of the vie*
lOrs who won the war "to end
111 wars" have increased their
pmles by 1,183,000 since the war,
Stand with anybody that stands
light, stand with him while he is
light and part with him when he
foes wrong.—Lincoln.
i_m_.
Canadian Wages Climb .
Slower Than H.C. of L.
MONTREAL.*—Building workers, metal workers and printers
in Canada had slightly higher
wage rates in 1924 than in 1923,
according to a recent report of
the Department of Labor on
wages and hours;
For six representative industries the mean wage rate In 1924
was 79 per cent, above the average for 1913. Printers' wages in
1924 was 91.1 per cent, above the
average rate for 1913.
For the steam railway workers
the average rate in 1924 was only
57.4 per cent, above the 1913 average.
The .price of breadstuffs is now
100 per cent, above the 1913 Nav-
erage.
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Plaoe Called Home
Comer GORE AVE. and
REEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 6121
P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
200  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Workers First Shot
And Then Tried In
Barbarous Bulgaria
Letters coming out of Bulgaria
are charging the government with
seeding out false Information as
to conditions there in order to
Justify the request to the great
powers to be allowed to increase
the size of the army. It was
pointed out that some of those
sentenced to death charged with
the explosion ln the Sofia cathedral had already been killed without any trial and that this sentencing men to death "in their
absence" had been done to legalize their murder.
The present Bulgarian government is a true Fascist government, and came to power through
murdering Stambulisky. It keeps
itself in power by terrorist methods the same as Mussolini does.
It is probably true that its violence has begotten violence among
its opponents. As a result Bulgaria has become the blackest
spot in Europe and the reign of
murder shows no sign of coming
to an egii. Each new atrocity by
one side is an invitation for a re
prisal by the other.
r/A _ ****&_
-to):
aim
.DIVER
- - iNDmmr- -
EQUAL RIGHTS FOR
MEXICAN WOMEN
TUXTLA GUIERREZ, Chiapas
Mexico.—The State Legislature of
Chiapas has passed a bill grant
ing women equal rightB with men
ln state affairs. The measure,
which was supported by the provisional governor, Cesar Cordova,
passed by a large majority. Chiapas is the first state of the Mexl
con federation to grant woman
suffrage.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
*? steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed. free',. by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
NETHERLANDS
Schools, playgrounds and dwellings have recently been established
in the Netherlands for the special
purpose of meeting the social requirements of employees. In addition', free medical service, augmented by a staff of nurses, in
the Interest of community health,
together with a fresh milk supply
for children, has been provided.
Other benefices in the way of bonuses and pension funds are being
granted to the workers ln certain
Netherland  industries.
FRANCE
The soarcity of agricultural
workers continues, while many industrial plants are in reduced activity. A decrease Is apparent in
the number of unemployed persons
lecelving public aid and released
workers are finding employment in
the building trades. Immigrants
are entering France at the rate of
about 4,000'vper week.
SPAIN
The most pronounced unemployment Is found in Spain's shipbuilding Industry. It is estimated
that last month aproximately 7,000
men were out of work ln that Industry.
ENGLAND
During the past month a large
number of collieries ln all parts of
England and Wales have been closing down, with resultant increase
in unemployment.
BELGIUM
Because of the greatly depressed
condition of the textile industry,
unemployment in the Flanders district has recently Increased with
rapidity.
Papermakers Gain
Victory in Ontario
SAULT STE MARIE.—Paper-
makers and other trades have
gained a notable victory by the
signing of new agreefents with the
Spanish River Pulp and Paper Co.,
Ltd., and the Abittibi Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd. The new contract
affects about 6,000 workers, employed in the pulp and paper mills
at Sault Ste. Marie. Espanola, Sturgeon Falls and Iroquois Falls—all
in Ontario—and is made between
the above companies and the Papermakers, the pulp, sulphite and
paper mill workers, the carpenters,
machinists, electrical workers and
the stationary firemen and oilers.
Efforts had been made to force the
two big companies to operate open
shop. , -
Germany Leads in
Organized Workers
With 153 trade union members
lor each 1,000 of population, Germany leads the world for organized
labor membership. England hu,s
.33 per thousand; Australia, 120,
and Austria, 117. These figure.;
are taken from.the annual report
of the International Federation ol
Trade Unions. The 23 countries in
the Federation have a membership
of 14,680,000 in their 835 sub-organizations. All of the trade unionists in the International Federation of Trade Unions and their
families would make up a nation
of about the population of America, it is estimated.
1000 Plasterers Out
In Washington, D. C, .
In Jurisdiction Fight
WASHINGTON.—One thousand
plasterers have quit work in the
capital, due to the failure of adjustment of the jurisdictional dispute between their international
union and that of the bricklayers.
The latter claim a share in jurisdiction over plastering. The Plasterers' International denies It. The
first walkout took place at Miami,
Fla., on March 19, and threatened
to extend to all construction jobs
handled by the big contractors who
had recognized the Bricklayers'
claim to plastering work. However, a truce was arranged pending
attempts at settlement through the
national board of jurisdictional
awards. These attempts-have fall
ed and Washington shares with
New York, Chicago, and Detroit
the spotlight of the contest. Bricklayers remain at work on all regular union Jobs In the city, while
plasterers refuse to work until the
Bricklayers' International, shall
leave the Plasterers' International
undisturbed ln control of Plastering, or until the contractors shall
sign an agreement to give all plastering work to the plasterers.
Building Unions
Are Enjoined From
Aiding Chauffeurs
NEW YORK.—Building trades
unions of Westchester county,
New York, are enjoined by an injunction granted by the supreme
court from calling strikes qp Jobs
where non-union chauffeurs deliver building materials. The injunction is directed against officers of the building trades council of Westchester county, Carpenters' union, Bricklayers' union and
Hod Carriers' uniqp. According
to the affidavit ni F.' Herbert
Brown of the Building Material
Men's association, the Westchester
building materials men would
have to let their chauffeurs join
the International Brotherhood of
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen
and Helpers.
Numerous Strikes in
Japan, Says Report
In Japan there were 164 strikes
and 26 cases of "sabotage," involving 33,936 and 3,615 workers respectively, during the six months
January to June, 1924.
According to official figufes
given in the Industrial and Labor
Information, the weekly publication of the International Labor office, fifty of the strikes occured in
the machine and tool Industry, involving 6,196 workmen.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
FERNIE MINERS WILL
HOLD PICNIC
FERNIE, B. C—The Miners'
Union here is arranging to hold a
big picnic at Hosmer, July 2, and
the committees are now hard at
work to make the affair <t big success. It is expected that about
2000-witl,.be"P«esent.
Yank Court Decides
Union Can Discipline
Its Own Membership
ST. LOUIS.—A decision defining the right of a labor union to
discipline its members without
court interference has been handed
down by circuit judge Miller, St.
Louis, in dismissing ah Injunction
suit against the International Assn.
of Bridge, Structural and Ornamental Iron workers. The suit
was flled by F. D. Hall to prevent
the enforcement of an order suspending hini from membership for
five years and fining him f 131. He
was charged by the union's general executive board with having
made false allegations against Pres.
Morrln in a previous suit, The
court holds that Hall subjected
himself to the provisions of the
union's constitution when he became a member; that his trial was
conducted by the executive board
in conformity with the laws of the
union, and, therefore, the court
should not Interfere.
Send in Your Subscription Today.
Lansbury Espouses
Trade Union Unity
LONDON.—"Trade union disunity is working class suicide," says
Geo. Landsbury, British Labor M.
P., and former editor of the London Dally Herald.
"The employers do not discriminate between Communists, Social-
Democrats, and the other sections
in enforcing a cut in wages or an
increase in the hours of labor.
"When they make war they
hing all our bodies into the carnage
with a sublime desregard for our
varying theoretical opinions.
"Just as they do not discriminate in using us as wage-slaves or
as cannon-fodder, we muat not discriminate among' ourselves in resisting and overthrowing their dominion. We are all exploited; we
must unite against the exploiters."
On Easy Terms
Victor  Special     145.00
Overland,   C.O.M „    $45.00
Perfection,   O.C.M    $50.00
C.C.M.  Sport Model  $55;00
Hyulop, Canadian  $55.00
Raleigh,  finest   $70.00
Terms: $15.00 Cash, balance only
$2.50 weekly
HASKINS & ELLIOTT
800 Pender Street West
Three thousand six hundred and
thirty-one fatal and 94,584 nonfatal street accidents occurred in
Great Britain during 1924.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY MATURED—ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR
BRANDS AT THE GOVERNMENT STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAB-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at aU Government Liquor Stores
This advertisement is not published or dl-pteyid by th*** Liquor Control
Board or by tha Oovernment. of British Col .abl* Page Four
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 26, 1925
THHE PUBLICATION OP
THIS PAPER IS MADE
POSSIBLE BY THE FIRMS
WHICH ADVERTISE IN ET.
WHEN MAKING PURCHASES PATRONIZE THEM
AND   TELL   THEM   WHY.
CALGARY WOMEN
PROTEST SENDING
TROOPS TO N. S.
CALGARY.—Protesting againbt
the sending of troops to Cape Bre*
ton, a telegram was sent to Premier W. L. MacKenzie King foi
lowing a meeting of the Women's
branch of the Dominion Labor
Party, held at the home of Mrs.
William Irvine, here.
The telegram pointed out that
the responsibilities for the distressing conditions which exist in that
area rests upon the federal as well
as tho provincial government and
urged the government to take
peaceful methods to settle the
trouble.
William Irvine, M. P., and Jos.
Shaw, M. P. were also wired and
urged to again bring the matter up
in the house.
Will Leave Porto Rico
Rather Than Pay More
Than 20 Cents a Day
NEW YORK. — Storyk Bros*,
dress manufacturers, who are
among the leading American capitalists profiting by the home
work of women and children of
Porto Rico, have voiced their
alarm at the bill forbidding home
work which Senator Santiago Igle-
slas has introduced in the Porto
Rlcafli senate.
Iglesias' letter to officials of the
International Ladies' Garment
Workers' Union said that the av-''
erage wage of the home-sweated'
women and children of his Island
was only 20 cents a day.
Storyk does not attempt to
meet the attack on the bad industrial wage rate, but falls back
on the old excuse that he and his
fellow employers cannot afford to
pay aipy more. If home work is
banned by law, says the American
firm, it will quit the island.
Girls Toil 14 Hours Per Day in Jap Factories
NEW  YORK.—Legalized  slave-*dustries,   comprise  the Tokio  old
hunting for factory girls is one of
the two great evils enlightened
women of Japan are fighting;
prostitution is the other, according to Harry Emerson Wildes,
professor at Keio university, Tokio, who contributes ap article
entitled Japan's Struggle for Democracy in the June issue of The
World Tomorrow.
The Child Hunt
"Nearly 30,000 scouts range
through the rural distrlrcts seeking recruits to supply the annual
Increments of 300,000 girls needeo.
in textile mills and other industries," Wildes asserts. "Nominally these girls cannot be forced to
labor more than eleven hours
daily, but the labor laws are so
full of exceptions that 'in case of
unavoidable necessity' the working-day may be prolonged to 13
or 14 hours, and the two compulsory holidays a month may be
withdrawn without provision foi
any later restoration. Twelve-
year-olds who have finished elementary schools may be regularly
employed,-while children as young
as ten can be engaged if 'extraordinary need arises.' The factory
laws do not apply at all to any
factory using less than 15 workers, nor in any case to industries
involving artificial flower making,
paper boxes, embroideries and
laces, goods made of bamboo, rattan, straw or wicker, bakeries,
cigarette factories, wearing apparel and non-white phosphorus
matches.
Laws Like in U. S.
"The Mitsubishi steamship,
banks and engineering firms, a
self-styled god, and the Mitsui in-
guard which governs the empire
of Japan," declares Wildes. "The
laws which govern labor are such
as might have been compiled by
Mitchell Palmer, Judge Elbert H.
Gary and the 'Postum King of
Battle Creek.' Legally, the forming of a union ls forbidden, so
that the empire ls a nest of cultural associations 'which do not
have the right to pay strike benefits."
Uniona Weak
The Japap General Federation
of Labor, headed by Bunji Suzuki,
after a dozen years of precarious
existence, has a membership of
less than 280,000 out of perhaps
4,000,000 wage-earning men, Prof.
Wildes states. Only 7,600 women
workers are organized, "though
seven times as many are employed
in coaling operations alone, many
of them underground as in pre-
Victoria,p England, or bunkering
ships.
Farm Population Large
"About five and one-half million families are actually engaged
in farming" in Japan, although
the country is scarcely the size
of California, Hiroshi Saito, consul general of Japan at New York,
writes. "Of one and one-half
million men engaged itfi the fish*
ing industry, 20,000 are distributed on the Korean sea and 25,-
000 on Russian waters," he continues. The industrial population,
"includes 1,500,000 faotory workers, 150,000 railway men and 35,-
000 seamen. Women are largely
employed in the tea industry, agriculture, spinning and weaving,
and an increasing number on gov
ernment railways, postoffices and
in schools."
CHILDREN TOIL FOR
TEN HOURS PER DAY
NEW YORK.—Children of 10
are working 10 hours a day on
south New Jersey farms, Russel J.
Eldridge tells labor commissioner
McBride. The majority of the
child workers are sent in by Philadelphia agencies.
"Rest periods are unknown, except at the discretion of the parents," Eldridge says. "I observe
none ln effect." He found no child
working possessed an age or
schooling certificate.
CHILD LABOR MAKES
IGNORANT CHILDREN
NEW YORK.—Backward and
uneducated children are the inevitable result of child labor, Owen
R. Lovejoy, secretary, National
Child Labor Committee, asserts.
The children working on New Jersey truck farms are simply a few
of the 3,000,000 children under 14
who are not getting enough schooling, Lovejoy declares. In the U. S.
department of agriculture report
published ln April lt was shown
that one-fourth of the laborers on
New Jersey farms are child workers.
Ignorant contentment with po
verty is the millstone that drags
on the neck of Labor. Cheated Into poverty at birth, and by poverty
suffocated into beastly indifference
and then by beastly Indifference
easily held quiet ln the hell of
poverty—this is the whirlpool that
drags the multitude down to th$
bottom of life and holds them
there in the mud and misery of
existence.—George R. Kirkpatrick
_
THE HOME CORNER
[By JANE MacNUTT]
Last week I gave a short talk
on Whole Wheat flour as a wholesome food.   This week I shall give
a few more recipes.
Whole Wheat Muffins
2 cups of whole wheat flour.
1/S cup sugar.
y_ teaspoonful salt.
1 1/8 cups sour milk.
1 heaping teaspoonful baking powder.
%level teaspoonful baking soda.
1 egg.
1 tablespoonful melted butter.
Beat the eggs well, then add the
milk and the melted butter and
then the dry ingredients after they
have been thoroughly mixed. Beat
well and then bake in twelve well-
greased gem tins.   Bake for fifteen
a or twenty minutes in an oven
which should be very hot for the
first eight minutes, then moderate
Tf sweet milk ls used, use two
heaping teaspoonfuls of baking
powder and omit the baking soda.
Whole Wheat Pie Crust
(Recipe by Mrs. Wheeler)
3 cups of whole wheat flour.
% teaspoonful salt.
% teaspoonful baking powder.
% cup of butter or any good short -
* ening.
9 tablespoonfuls of cold water.
Whole wheat pie curst ls more
brittle than that made with white
flour and ls therefore difficult to
roll into a single sheet. It tastes
equally good, however, when cut
into strips.
Whole wheat bread can be made
Advocate of Birth
Control Creates a
Furor at Conference
A storm was caused by Miss
Quin, of the Garment Workers'
Trade Union, at the Labor Women's Conference, at Birmingham,
England, when she asserted that
hinii control was "a crime against
God and humanity." When silence
was restorel she appealed to the
Chairman "to control the birth
controllers." Her speech was effectively answered by a delegate
from Bromsgrove, a Roman Catholic and the mother of thirteen
children. She felt that if Mr,
Wheatley had been ln her position
he would change his attitude. The
resolution was eventually carried
with only six dissentients.
On the whole the Conference was
the most successful ever held
There was obviously a swing in
opinion towards the left, If the
attitude of the women is an indication—and I believe it ls a sure one
—the Labor Party gathering in
October should show a big march
forward.
The Conference closed with the
singing of the "Red Flag," and the
women sang it with all the fresh
enthusiasm they have brought Into
the movement. Five years ago not
a handful of them even knew the
words of that song. Ten years ago
the majority would have thought
it very wrong to leave their homes
to attend such a Conference. Some
of their husbands doubtless think
so even now!
Still—we move.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN . FARMER-LABOR
ADVOCATE.   . '   -:,-,■
in very much the same way as
white or Graham flour bread only,
that for whole wheat flour more
water must be used for the same
quantity of flotir.
WAR AND PEACE IN
CANADA
OTTAWA—-"It seems rather ridiculous to spend $400 for a peace
organization, and $12,000,000 on
war preparations," remarked W. C.
Good, Progressive, Brant, in the
House of Commons when a grant
of $400 to the inter-parliamentary
union for peaoe was under consideration.   The item passed.
Vaneoaver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure Your  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
MASSAGE  A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastings St. W. Pbone Soy. 2070
SUMMER FROCKS
AT "FAMOUS"
YY7HATEVER your needs or pref-
W erence may be in dresses for
summer days, "Famons" ean serve
yoa best. Onr stocks are tremendous, giving yon a wide choice. Our
style and quality are alwayB right.
Onr prices are extremely low because
of the huge volume of business we
do. Undoubtedly, here is the place
to buy yonr summer frocks.
CLOAK and
SUIT Oo. Ltd.
Famous
610-628 Hastings Street Wost
$10.?5
Per Ton, Delivered
Nanaimo-Wellington
WASHED
NUT
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
PATRONIZE OUR SUPPORTERS
A STEP toward Solidarity and Freedom is when the workers
support their Press and the supporters of the great Cause
of Labor.
Dr. W. J. CURRY
well known to many readers of The Farmer-Labor Advocate,
In order to meet competition and low wages, has decided to
reduce his charges for Dental Work to a figure within the
rajnge of all.
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
"Hudson's Bay Point"
BLANKETS
For the Camp and Home
VOFLL find them most useful, and worth
two or three of other makes.
The "H.B. Point" Blanket is made by a special
process, exclusively for
the HUDSON'S BAY
COMPANY, and is obtainable only in H. B.
stores and posts.    It is
''tt rrfM-<ni.r cr* a** Vf0°- through and
flUDbUlV O        through,  with   -  camel-
r  " -""*"*- " 1    hair finish that is damp-
Bay
resisting,  and  a  service,
quality  that  stands the^
hardest   kind   of   wear.
Beware    of    imitations;
other makers are making ;
a point blanket, but the*
"H.B.   POINT"   BLANKET has stood the service test for more than,
a generation.   Only genuine when it has "THE,
SEAL   OF   QUALITY"'
label on it.   Shown in fast colors of grey, khaki, scarlet,
green, white and striped, at the following prices.   Un-|
paralleled for miners, lumbermen, surveyors, campers,
etc., and suitable also'for dressing gowns, auto rugs
and couch throws. ........
Point
3
*m
4
Orey Khaki Scarlet
$10.50 $12.50 $12.50
$12,50 $15.00 $15.00
$15.00 $17.50 $17.60
Green White     Striped J
$12.50 $14.00 '**.__	
$15.00 '£;.;.:     	
$17.50 $19.50   $19.50
VANOOUVER iday, June- 26, 1925
THE OSNIDIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
Slnnis Is Re-elected By
StreetCar Men
here was considerable ezclte-
at around the Headquarters of
Street Rallwaymen's Associa-
on Tuesday, June 23. The
btion of Business Agent was the
tse of the stir. The previous el-
Ion on June 8th, resulted ln a
Ivote between W. H. Cottrell and
us Maclnnis.   On Tuesday the
was:   Cottrell, 375; Maclnnis,
A. Hoover, who was helping
the organizing campaign ln
lonton,   has  returned  to   the
Imperialists Blamed For
Troubles in China
lunn
kgineers' Union
Elects Officers
.it their meeting on the  26th
Local 844, International Un-
of Steam and Operating Engi-
prs,   elected   their   officers   for
ensuing  six  months.    These
Elude:
president, R. Flnley; vlce-pres-
fcnt, A. Maguire; recording sec-
Ltry, D. Hodges; business agent,
^L. Hunt; trustees, J. R. Flynn,
(Hunt.   E.   McCallum;  auditor,
W.   Hodson;   conductor,   Wm.
lms; guard, Chas. Wren; investing committee, E. McCallum,
McLaughlin,   Geo.   Pettipiece;
ides   Council   delegates,   J.   R.
|mn, F. L. Hunt, G. Pettipiece,
Hodges,   A.   Maguire;   C.L.P.
legates, F. L. Hunt, D. Hodges,
k Pettipiece,  R. Flnley, K.  DIs-
Buildling Trades Couneil delates, J. R. Flynn, F. L. Hunt,
[Pettipiece.
.wing to their regular meeting
tht falling on Dominion Day,
leal 882, Steam and Operating
(gineers, have postponed election
officers for their local until
Kdnesday, July 8th.
irpenters Elect Officers
lie following officers were el-
led by the Vancouver local of the
lited Brotherhood of Carpenters
: Joiners, at their meeting ln the
Lmllton Hall, on June 22nd.
"president, R. Hatley; vice-presl-
it, W. Heathcote; business agent,
, Dunne; financial secretary, J
Smith;   treasurer,   G.   Thom;
prdlng    secretary,    W.    Page;
|stee, D. Lyons;    executive,  M.
Cenzie, M. Clark, C. Ellis, and
fssel.
j;ewery Workers Are To
Organize
lie organizing drive, launched
spring, by the Vancouver
Ldes and Labor Coucil. is still
Iking progress.
Tin  organizer for the Brewery
frkers arrived In town recently.
an effort will be made to line
[In the ranks of organized labor
[followers of that occupation ln
leouver and vicinity.
-BTTSINES8 AGTOTT WRECKS
SOOZE GUZZLING HOLIDAY
[JETROIT.—There Is much scan-
and  indignation  in  Detroit's
places and  much  mirth  ln
Ii low places as labor unions.
|ey D. Ferguson, collector of the
raided the steamer Noronlc
[which   425   Detroit  board   of
imerce members were about to
park on an annual cruise.   He
placated 24 cases of whisky and
cases of beer.  Ferguson used
le business agent of the Detroit
|1 of the Amalamated Assocla-
of Street and Belectrlc Rail-
Employees.
he terror of unemployment Is
hger.—Professor J. W. Soott.
lVTEW YORK.—The British are
responsible for the demonstrations in Shanghai and other
parts of China, according to the
manifesto sent to the Ameriean
press by professors of Peking University. C. T. Cheng, Chinese consulate-general in New Tork, formerly of Pekin University, affirms
the truth of the professor's statement that the British practically
control the ipoliee of the International settlement who fired on defenceless students, killing many
protesting against injustices to
Chinese strikers in Japanese mills.
Striken Shot Down
"Why did not the British and
Japanese ministers in Peking give
instructions to stop the killing
immediately if they did not approve or countenance it?" the Peking professors ask. ""The facts
are clear enough. Strikes of Chi
nese workers, demanding increase
of wages, had been goling on for
some time ln the Japanese cotton
factories at Tslng-tao and Shanghai, and a striker was shot and
killed by the Japanese without
any justifiable cause. Against this
brutal act some Chinese students,
who were merely young boys and
girls, paraded at a manifestation
of protest ln the streets of Shanghai on May 30 last. They were
armed with nothing more than
pamphlets and handbills.
Police Under British Control
"The police of the international
settlement, which are practically
under the complete control of
British officials and consul, not
only saw fit to prohibit the demonstration, but also arrested a
inumber of the students taking
part in it. Then the rest of the
students went to the police station demanding the release of
their fellow students. The police
ordered them to disperse. As they
refused to go, a British police inspector ordered 'Shoot to Kill!'
Six of the boys were killed on the
spot and over 40 were seriously
wounded. This did not, however,
prevent the defenceless students
from repeating their demonstration, so the firing of rifles and
machine guns continued by the
British-controlled force for at
least six days.
70 Killed, 300 Wounded
"The exact number of casualties is still unascertainable, but
most reports show that at least
70 were killed and 300 wounded.
They are all Chinese, and not a
single British or any other national appears on the casualty
Ust. Would any right-minded people regard these boys and girls
as rioters and treat them to
rounds of machine gun bullets?
Could their manifestation be reasonably interpreted as 'anti-foreign' or 'Bolshevized,' as some
foreign-owned news agencies suggested? Were not the acts of the
authorities deliberately committed, considering tne lfact that they
did not cease for a period of six
days?
Bitter Feeling Prevails
"Now bitter feelings prevail
among all classes of the Chinese
people. Strikes in British and
Japanese factories and boycotts
against British and Japanese
goods are spreading throughout
the country."
In the trial of 17 Chinese stu
dents, two Americans, one a missionary, the other former president of S'oochow college, testified
that the police shooting was absolutely unjustified.
Conditions against which Chinese mill workers struck Include
such abuses as beating of work-
ON LABOR'S
FIGHTING FRONT
Bricklayers
CLEVELAND. — Ohio union
bricklayers will not lay convict-
made brick, it was decided at their
state convention in Cleveland. Such
brick must be confined to public
buildings, delegates ruled l>y a unanimous vote. The recommended
minimum wage was set at $1.25
per hour instead of $1.12%.
Plumbers
MILWAUKEE.—After 2 week's
Btrike for the $10 day the 260 union plumbers in Milwaukee accepted the compromise offer of $9.50
an increase of 50c over the scale
that expired June 1. While a number of cities pay more, others pay
less, notably St. Paul where the
union scale is $8.
Barbers
NEW YORK.—About 400 barbers most of them Italians, are
Striking in Brooklyn to get union
conditions in all shops. The strikers are members of the former Independent Journeymen Barbers'
Union which recently went into the
American Federation of Labor.
Clothing Workers
ST. LOUIS.—A strike of 80 employees of the Curlee openshop
clothing factories in St. Louis, called by the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers, has grown to about 800.
The strike is a protest against the
wholesale discharge of employees
for union membership.
Building Laborers
TRENTON, N. J.—The building
laborers of Bergen county, N. J.,
ahd Rockland county, N. Y., have
gone out on strike for an increase
frome $7 to $8 per day. The
bricklayers are supporting the laborers by striking ln sympathy.
Garment Workers'
Heads Fight Locals
On "Red? Charges
....[By Esther Lowell, Federated....
i Press]
NEW YORK.—The biggest clash
in years within the International
Ladies Garment Workers' Union is
developing out of the suspension
of the officers of the three largest
locals of the union. Charges preferred against the officers by Israel Feinberg, International vice-
president and manager of the
Joint Board, will be heard soon.
The three locals Include some 30,-
000 workers. The total membership of the International union in
the United States and Canada is
around 110,000.
At a special membership meetings of the three locals the suspended officials were unanimously endorsed and given approval by the
members to act as they decide in
the trial. Members voted to pay
dues only to their regularly elected
officials, despite their suspension
by the Joint Board. Headquarters
cf locals 2 and 9 were taken over
by the International and temporary
managers installed. The suspended officers continue to conduct
their unions' business at the dressmakers' building, around which a
24-hour guard of women workers
remains.
Feinberg charges that the suspended officers are "working under
orders from the Communist party;"
that May day meetings held by
these unions in Metropolitan Opera
House and Carnegie Hall, which
known Communists addressed
brought discredit upon the International; that the Communists are
enemies of the International.
Officers of the three locals claim
that the "Communism" cry is an
excuse to cloak the real issues; that
International officers are not managing the union as the membership wishes.
SAVE YOUR EYES
If Ihey Trouble Yon, 8m Vo
BEST
$2.50
OLASSES
On Earth
Everything for the
EYE and EAR
And Always the Best in
Quality.
Pitman Optical House
(Over Woolworth'a—next to
Famous)
615 HASTINGS STREET W.
Seymour 1071
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISER
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday In the month.
President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 66.
Coal Miners
ASHLEY, Pa.—About 1,200 miners employed in Lehigh and
WIlkes-Barre Coal Go. colliery
number 20 at Ashley are striking
in protest of the company's failure
to provide sufficient help for the
drivers.
Carpenters
NEWARK, N. J.—Striking carpenters gained 20c a day, raising
their rate to $11.20. Striking roofers out since April 1 are to get 50c
increase, $10 a day beginning Aug.
first.
Masons
NEWARK, N. J.—About 5,000
masons, plasterers, and bricklayers
ln Essex and Hudson counties, New
Jersey, are to get $1 a day Increase
beginning July 1. The new r^te ls
$18 a day and will be increased to
$14 July 1, 1926.
If It were possible to bore down
to hell's flre through the earth
enough heat from the molten mass
would be found to work the industries, and the landlords would
claim a royalty even on that.—
Robert Smillie.
ers by Japanese foremen, wages
of about 18 cents (American) a
day, irregular employment, working of children 12 hours a day,
50 per cent, of them under 13
years old. Strikers demand 10
per cent, wage increases, payment
of wages every two weeks, reinstatement of dismissed workers,
no. discharge of workers without
proper reason, release of arrested
strikers.
British Building
Trades Workers Now
Face New Struggles
GLASGOW.—The struggle between
the aggressive capitalist sections
headed by Lord Weir and the
building trade unions is beginning.
The decision of the Middle Ward of
Lanarkshire to proceed with the
erection of steel houses is the
spark that starts the conflagration.
Demand Union Wages
The principle involved is not the
question of a new method superseding an old one. The building
trade operatives are not acting the
role of the decaying craftsman
futllely endeavoring to stem the
onward march of a new process of
production. On this occasion the
building trades unions are quite
villing to the erection of steel
houses. The only thing they stipulate is that people engaged in
building houses should be paid at
building trade rates.
Not a Sectional Fight
The question simply is that the
trade unions say that rates of
wages comparable to building
trade rates should be paid to all
who are engaged In the erection of
steel houses.
The struggle which is about to
break On the miners and metal
workers ls going to include within its orbit the building trade operatives. Quite obviously the building trade must seek for allies on
this question. These allies are the
workers who are going forward
towards Joint action.
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY—Room
111, 319 Pender St. West. Bnsiness
meetings 1st and Srd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelanda, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus - Maclnnis,
3544 Frince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring Information re securing speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Seymour
1382, or Bayvlew 5520,	
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—
Meets second Thursday every month
In Holden Building. President, J. Bright-
well; financial secrets*;-, H. A. Bow-
ron, 929 llth Avenne East.
CIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets
first and third Fridays In each month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; secretary-
treasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
street.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send In your
sub today.
ENGINEERS —THE INTERNATIONAL
UNION OP STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 882—Meets every Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 806, Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; bnsiness agent
and financial secretary, P. L. Hunt; re-
cording secretary, J. T, Venn.	
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. P. of M.—
Meets in Cotillion Hall, corner of Davie
and Granville streets, second Sunday at
10 a.m. President, E. A. Jamleson, 991
Nelson street; secretary. J. W. Allen,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or-
tr.ni7.0r,  _. Fletcher,  991 Nelson street.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FED*
ERATION—Meets at 991 Nelson street
at 11 a.m. on the Tuesday preceding
'he first Snnday of the month. Presl-
dVi.t, Harry Pearson, 991 Nelson street;
secretary, E. A. Jamieson, 991 Nelson
street- business agent, F. Fletcher, 991
Nelson street
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNTON, No. 226—
President. R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, C. F. Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Meets Inst Sunday of each month at 2
n.m. in Holden Building. 16 Hastings —
PRTNCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION. No. 418—President, 8. D.
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
T-h.ir-.dnv of eseh month.
THE CANADIAN!
•ftariitpr-Uabitr Aitooratr
With Which Is Incorporated
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAT
By the Labor PnbUihUg Oo.
Buslnesi  and  Editorial  Office,
1129 How* Bt.
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Is
a   non-fsctlonal   weekly   newspaper,   giving news of the farmer-labor movement
In action.
Subscription Rates: United States and
foreign, $2.50 per year; Canada, $2
per year, $1 for six months; tounlou
subscribing in a body, 16c per member  psr  month.
Member The Federated Preii and Tb*
Britlah Labor Preu
EFEAUX
Vote for Labor's Three
SIDAWAY
HURRY Page Six
THE CANADIAN FARMER--LAROR ADVOCATE
Friday,. June 26,:
mm te
J*i! Ul'-UU      I.-.
Lumbermen Plan to Boost Prices
Lumber Trust to Close Down Camps—Eastern Buyers Have
Difficulty in Securing Lumber—Loggers Suffer
While Price War Rages.
-THE West Coast Lumbermen's Association—the lumber trust
of JVashingtori, Oregon, California and British Columbia—
is launching one of the greatest drives in its history, to stop
lumber production for the purpose of raising prices. This is
not the first time this institution has made a drive of this
kind, but it bids fair to surpass all others.
Commentng on the situation, R. W. Vinnedge, an ex-president of the association, says: "Within the rext four weeks
15,000 workmen in the 660 logging camps in Washington will
be paid off and the log-producing capacity of the state will
The period of inactivity notgood deal to do with the situation
is the threatened shut-down and
the unwillingness of mills to take
on business which they may not
care to ship.
"Already lt commences to look
ae though there would be a log
shortage ere long, and that the log
shortage may have more •* to do
with the closing of saw-mills than
the desire of mill operators themselves to participate in a curtailment movement.
Building Boom In Boston
"There is plenty of evidence that
the summer shipments of lumber
to the Atlantic Coast will be heavier than usual. Buyers back there
seem to be making up for delayed
purchases during March and April
when the deadlock developed in
this market. Reports from Boston
are that Massachusetts is now in
the midst of the greatest building
boom in its history."
The deadlock referred to above
is the efforts made last spring to
close down the camps, create a
shortage of lumber, and thus force
prices upward. That attempt failed because of the large number of
small operators outside of the As*
sociation, who refused to close
down. Evidently that difficulty
has now been obviated, and another attempt is to be made.
Production Fell In B. C.
British Columbia will be included ln the shut down, and while the
market here has not been so brisk
as in the States, yet great efforts
have been made by the operators
to close down a number of the
camps in order to prevent any fall
in price.
Lumber production in B. C. for
the first five months of this year
shows a decline from the first five
months of last year of 167,762,448
board feet, or a drop of 25 per
cent. In the month of May alone
the fall was over 33 million board
feet.
^Meantime thousands of logger?
will be thrown out of employment
and forced to roam the country-
tide looking for a job, while large
numbers of immigrants are still
arriving. The vast bulk of the
population of B. C. are directly or
Indirectly dependent upon lumbering, and the suffering which wtll
be entailed by this callous attempt
to boost profits can be better imagined than described.
on can predict.
"The curtailment among the approximately 600 mills of the state
will be less general and of shorter
duration, but will probably involve a like number of men. . . .
As a result savings will be withdrawn in whole or in part; merchants ln the small towns to which
the activities of these operations
radiate will immediately feel the
restrictive influence of this stoppage, and will, in turn, enforce
retrenchment in buying, delay extensions of all kinds, lay off clerks,
and other wise batten down hatches."
A Deliberate Plot
That this shut down is being deliberately planned by the lumber
operators and is not purely the result of a contracting market, is
evidenced by market reports in the
lumbermen's own publications.
Says the current issue of the "West
Coast Lumberman": "Probably
the outstanding feature of the
market during the past two weeks
has been the increasing DIFFICULTY encountered by buyers IN
PURCHASING LUMBER. This
difficulty has been brought about
by a number of causes, chief among which is the unwillingness
among manufacturers to accept
prices offered on some of the material which buyers are endeavoring to place.
Log Shortage Imminent
"Another  feature  which  has
"HAX-WIBJE"	
One haywire, sawmill,
Nice location,
Ten mile, haul
To shipping station.
Half mile of plank road,
Rest of it mud,
Six bridges, all condemned,
I But otherwise good.
Timber strictly yellow fir,   ^
Very few knots,
Awful sound
Between the rotten spots.
Fire box boiler,
Flues leak some,
Injector patched
With chewing gum.
Darn good whistle,
And carriage track,
Nine feet left
Of old smoke stack.
Belts a little ragged,
Rats ate the laces,
Head saw is cracked
In a couple of places.
The engine knocks,
And is loose on its base,
And the fly wheel's broke Slightly
In just one place.
There's a pile of side lumber,
And a few cull ties,
But they've been attached
By some roughneck guys. \
There's a mortgage on the land
That's now jp_ast due,
And I still owe
For the machinery, too.
But if you want to get rich,
Here's the place to begin,
For it's a darn good layout
For the shape it's in.
OUR ECONOMIC SURVE1
WORLD GOVERNMENT BY BIG BUSINEl
—A—
BRUCE
SUIT
¥ IS A GOOD SUIT
We pay special attention
to fitting our suits and
so give satisfaction to
our customers.
—Priees—
$25 to $40
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANOOUVER, B.C.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,   MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Service for Repairs
All Work Guaranteed
Special Attention to Mail Orders
H. Harvey
Established in Vancouver in 1897
*8  OORDOVA  STREET  W.
United States Slave
Market Auctions Off
"Free-Born" Citizens
[By Leland Olds] .
TIOW world government by big
■ business is superseding political democracy will appear when
the International Chamber of Commerce convenes at Brussels, June
21. This body ls becoming the
legislative branch of the only real
league of capitalist nations. When
lt met at Rome two years ago it
laid down the principles of the
scheme for exploiting Oermany attributed to Dawes.
At Brussels will gather bankers,
financiers, economists, employers,
and merchants from 40 nations.
The major subject is the means of
facilitating trade between countries. It sounds like pure business,
but it involves the most delicate
political considerations. The decisions will affect lahor in every
land.
The conclusions, says the U. S.
Chamber of Commerce, may not
only have a far-reaching effect upon business, but also a direct bearing upon world affairs.   It says:
"It was at a similar meeting
held in Rome that the principles
of the Dawes' plan were adopted.
It is the purpose to discuss at Brussels further steps ln the application of this plan, the adjustment
of remaining reparations questions
tthe countries which have no
recovered from the shock of '
Fred I. Kent, of Bankers
Co., New Tork, ls chairman J
committee preparing a surv(j
world economic conditions to i
the deliberations. Owen D.
chairman of General Electrlcj
midwife to the Dawes plan,
othei- of this committee, whiij
eludes the president of the
elation of chambers of eomu
of Great Britain, the directo
economics of the Bank of
and   2   Italian   members   of4
Dawes commission.
The following from the
Chamber of Commerce annoii
ment shows the attitude
our antiquated democracy ur
lying the meeting: "In the 1
human experience in dealing *
economic problems growing. o\
the war lt is reasonable to, j
that this method of approach
vlates the almost insuperable]
stacles  encountered  if  theyf
treated as political questions." r
is, farmer-labor Interests wi|
excluded.
The outlines of world policy J
down at the Brussels meeting!
be duly ratified by the go\{
ments after just enough debafl
make lt seem that the people]
and the economic rehabilitation of ' rule.
Hoover Trying To
Starve Out Indians
U. S. TRADE WITH
RUSSIA INCREASING
NEW YORK.—One thousand
and thirty tractors and other agricultural machinery for Russian
were shipped by Amtorg Trading
Corporation on the S. S. Sorvard.
The cargo is valued at $1,200,000
and includes also touring cars, motor trucks, motorcycles, binder
twine, leather and oil well supplies.
WASHINGTON.—Almost in the
style of the slave-auction advertisements of 70 years ago are.the
offerings made by the U. S. employment service in a circular
"Clearance No. 13," issued June
12 in co-operation with the District of Columbia public employment service. It asks correspondence regarding jobs for a list of
men, individually described.
"Auditorr-Bookkeeper" is thus
presented: "Age 69 years. College
training. Also graduate of technical school of commerce. Well
versed in modern business methods; 30 years' experience as bookkeeper and auditor. Capable' of
general supervision of clerical
force. References unquestionable.
Fine type. 'Excellent physical
stamina. Moderate salary • ln * exchange for services of-very-highest order. Location, Washington
or south."
A manager of a grocery department is also offered, and since he
is 60 years of age the government
assures bidders that he has "fine
personality and physique warranting ability to Btand heavy* strain."
Women are listed, too, and here
again "physical stamina" is guaranteed in a number of Instances,
alo,ng with "fine personality" and
a record of working with "h'gh-
class" people after graduation
from college. Women in their 2.0s
and 30s offer expert .services .in
big offices ,as secretaries to managers, at $100 to $160. a month.
According to the 1921 census,
there were 4,320 families in Beth-
nal Green, (London, England) occupying not more than one room
each.
DOES YOUR WATOH GIVE SATISFACTION?
IP NOT,   SEND IT TO
FRED. KALTENBACH
305 OARRALL STREET IN RAPOER HOTEL
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELIR
Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept In Stock
UNDER SPECIAL OUAltt_-Hf.EE
WASHINGTON —Dan Sutherland, delegate in congress from
Alaska, is spending the summer in
Washington to compel Herbert
Hoover, secretary of commerce, to
call off his starvation blockade of
the coast Indians of Alaska. Hoover has favored the Armour and
other big canning interests in their
monopoly of Alaska fishing, by
closing 27 bays along the coast to
the fishing whereby the Indians
live. Only the trust fleet has
equipment for deep sea 'fishing.
Hoover is saying, in public speeches, that he has "saved the Alaska
fishing industry."
Lynching Experience .
Fails To Net Public
Executioner's Office
Negro Tenements in
Horrible Condit
NEW    ORLEANS,    La.—PtJ
ence and starvation were disco
ed in New Orleans by Gen. Alii
Owen, In charge of the cleaj
campaign   of  the   association
commerce.    In a building ol
teen rooms, nine by twelve
16 Negro families, all with chill
were  herded.    Each  family
cooked, and slept in the stalj
loted to it, for which a we
rent of $2.60 in advance was cl
ed.     There   was   no   ventlW
Lighting was by candles or
sene.   Oil stoves served for.
ing.   Discarded tin cans servj
toilet facilities.   The .owner o*
flat is a Christian white ,ge
man.
BROOKLYN, N. T.—A cable from
Europe published in the Brooklyn
Times states that ln response to
an advertisement by the Hungarian Government for the purpose of
filling the office of Public Executioner, there were 600 applicants,
among them 3 women. One of the
applicants claimed to have taken
part in 25 lynchlngs in the United
States. This qualification did not
get him the job, however.
Minorities lead and save the
world, and the world knows theni
not till long afterwards.—John
Burroughs.
Patronize Our .Advertiser.
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East;
HAROLD DEGG and
BOB KRAUSE
Late 64th Batt. and 72nd
MAINLAND CIGAR STORI
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.C
Red Star Drug Ston
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We Make a Speolal Effort to Get Gooda Out br Flnt Mail
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.Cl . Jtn*:,2G_~ 1$25
THB CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Fag* Seven
FROM BRITISH
LABOR PRESS
Is  reported  in  the  Sunday
that the  Stinnes brothers,
to the great German mag-
Hugo. Stinnes, have quarrel-
fover the election of Hlnden-
as President.   That's a game
last as old as the Civil War in
tod. and-the. Stuart-troubles in
band.   Tou see, when some of
Llan go on one side and. others
pe t'other, .then the family proband interests are safe,  no
en which side  wins.—"Fctr***
French scientist, Professor
[let, declares that mankind is
stupid: than the animals,
[reafsome people protest migh-
Is there any argument? Can
'- Imagine forty-nine fiftieths of
) dog population agreeing that
i remaining fiftieth should con-
* the- supply of bones and have
power, if they cared, to starve
i preponderating majority? Oh,
)lb, Dubb, verily you are des-
ied- from the animal creation—
you have descended- a good
ok.—''Forward."
• •   « '
(n   infant   prodigy   of   Lower
ma,   described   as   an   infant
es. is thrilling multitudes by
ethical  oratory.  "Help social
moral laws and eschew gold
* silver" is his refrain.    If he
thes that to the lower orders
the rich will give him every
bort;  if he teaches it to the
tier orders he'll probably finish
jn Jail.—"Forward."
• •   *
Sir Frederick Henderson:
hat the British worker needs
_y is remunerative employment,
subsidized idleness." Quite
pt, Sir Frederick, and if, for the
irker" you substitute "land-
Jer, rent drawer, and dividend
Jeer," you will still be quite
|t.—"Forward,"
Dawes' Pfen in Actahr Britain'fgERKL
Trade Union Officers
chanical Staff and
ftrite Collar Brigade
Tie Up Daily Papers
bNDON — Solidarity between
kual and white collar workers
yght immediate success to a
ilng strike of 1,600 newspa-
j>workers in London. May 16,
fn the entire clerical, mechani-
and publishing staffs of Lord
tiermere's Associated Newspa-
, walked off the job.   Rother-
i is the British Hearst,
pe threatened dismissal of a
news clerk and the employ-
; of two non-union clerks were
f cause of the walkout. The
Ises stopped on the minute, the
kb downed pens, and all deity trucks were left.empty, and
work stopped on the three pa-
,' concerned, the Evening News,
Daily Mail and the Weekly
fetch. It took only an hour's
p to conquer the management.
[By A. B. SWALES, Chairman off
British Trades Congress.]
•T-HE industries of this country
are ip an extremely serious
condition. In mining, in engl.
neering, and the other productive
industries, there is such a decline
as we have never before witnessed, and—what is most Important
—this appears to be a permanent
decline. Wages are cut; as the
engineering trades know to their
cost. But no matter what sacri*
fices the workers make (and the
newspapers and the owners, when
they talk so glibly of sacrifices,
always mean—and enforce—sacrifices by the workers) the position
becomes no better.
Not To Be Bullied
We have got to face the posi-'
tion squarely. We must refuse to
be bullied and intimidated by the
employers producing statistics ot
laBt markets and diminished trade,
of empty factories and silent
workshops. We must reply firmly: "It is the enormous toll taken
by capital (far greater than before the war) that is ruining
British industry. It is both the
economic policy—the avarice—of
the capitalists and the political
policy of the capitalist government, that is responsible for the
present position. We, the workers, are not responsible. You, the
capitalists, have the responsibility
for this ruin!"
Bosses Plan to Out Wages
But do the capitalists even endeavor to help British production?
No! Their plans are all plaps
which give financiers, both British
and American, such a grip of
German industry that th«y can
use it as a weapon to damage
British trade still further. And
they when that damage takes
place they will appeal to the British workers to make further sacrifices.
And the chief instrument they
are going. to use is the Dawes
Flan.
The Dawes Plan
Now, I have no wish to qnterr
into, any discussion of political
policy, least ot all on the policy
ot the late Labor government.
These: are: matters to be discussed
in due. time at the congresses and
conferences of our movement. But,
simply from an economic point of
view, there are questions that affected the trade unions that lt is
necessary to touch upon. The Labor government put forward two
economic policies. One of these,
embodied in the draft treaty with
Soviet Russia, would have brought
employment to thousands and
thousands, of engineers: who are
now* unemployed. The other was
the Dawes Plan. The agreement
with Soviet Russia was a policy
put forward by the.workers themselves. It was opposed by the
other parties; apd was finally
killed by the forged "Zinovleff
letter." The Dawes Plan, on the
other hand, was originally put
forward by the capitalists themselves; it was taken over by the
Labor cabinet; and it was carried
through by the support of the
capitalistic parties. From this fact
alone we may., learn to distrust
the Dawes Plan; to study its
methods very carefully and to beware of its effects on the livelihood of the workers here.
"Make No Sacrifices"
Besides that, I think sufficient
evidence is by this time available
to show that in actual fact the
Dawes Plafli is already working to
the disadvantage of our industries
ln thia country.
Thereforre it seems to me that
the workers must be very, much
on their guard against proposals
to "make sacrifices." On the contrary, they must point out that
the capitalists, both in their in*
dividual profit-making wasteful*
ness and disorder and also in their
general economic policies, are the
parties responsible from whom all
sacrifice must come in future.—
Supday Worker,
OOUNTRY BOXMAKERS
ECEIVE WAGE INCREASE
(INDON,     Eng.—Burton-on
boxmakers, who have been
i_rike for wages increases for
y a month, resumed work on
25.
e settlement is, a result of me-
pn by the Ministry ot Labor,
. the firm's offer of ls. 3d. an
' for men and a 7% per cent.
on piece-work rates for
•en was accepted by the strik-
SH RETAIL CLERKS
MAKE GREAT PROGRESS
DNDON Eng. — Remarkable
tress was reported* at the an-
conference of the- Railway
Its' Association, which opened
llfracombe on May 26. It was
pd that. 19 years ago 74 dele-
represented 6,277 members.
Hy the Association had 630 del-
|es representing  86,306  mem-
What We Will Get
From the Nlxt War
(British Labor News Service.)
LONDON, Eng. — "A woman
staggers into Tangier, halt her
face blown away. Another falls
by the roadside, shot through the
breast, at which she was suckling
an infant, born to find death ber
tore it smiled on life. Three countrywomen, hideously maimed by
a concealed mine, lie at death's
door in Tangier hospital."
This, according to a special correspondent of the (British) Daily
Express, is a sample of civilization as served out to the inhabitants of the Moroccan countryside by the Spanish authorities.
Incidentally, it is a good sample, on an infinitely small, scale,
of 'What any country may expect
the (next time a real first-class
war breaks out.
England Throws Sop
Of Cabinet Post To
Overseas Dominions
, 3L.
LONDON.—Great Britain will
throw a useless sop to her dominions by allowing separate representation in cabinet meetings.
Premier Baldwin has announced
in the house of commons that the
government has decided to create
a new cabinet position—secretary
ot state for dominion affairs. The
duties formerly were vested in the
secretary of state for the colonies;'
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
British Labor Sends
Congratulations to the
Shanghai Strikers
LONDON.—A cablegram was
sent by the General Council of the
Trade Union Congress to the Chin*
ese workers," congratulating them
upon "their determination to fight
international capitalism and to secure improved industrial conditions."
It expressed abhorrence over
"the appalling industrial conditions
imposed in Chinese factories," and
said the council was confident that
the stand of the Chinese workers
will result " ln the firm establishment ot a militant Industrial or*
ganization ln China and will do
much to build up a powerful bond
of; unity between eastern and wes*
tern trade unionism."
The message was signed by the
chairman of the' general council,
A. B. Swales, and the assistant
secretary, W. L. Citrine.
LONDON.—The Battersea No. 2 of
the Amalgamted Society of Woodworkers has recently considered
the question of Freemasonry among trade union officials, and has
passed the following resolution:
"That all A. S. W. members,
when the vote is taken for General Secretary, should first ascertain that the candidate shall give
the assurance that he will not become a Freemason while holding
office as General Secretary.
"We are of the opinion that for
a General Secretary to be a Free*
mason is an impossible position as
far as the Workers are concerned.
No official pledged to support the
interests ot the Workers can, when
in conference with capitalist employers advocating higher wages
and better conditions, make his
claim effective when as a Freemason he is sworn to support the
Constitution of the country, which
is diametrically opposed to the
working-class interests."
LIGHTNING STRIKE ENFORCES
PAYMENT OF UNION DUES
LONDON, Eng.—Because a man
had hot paid hts Trade Union levies, busmen at Crewe effected a
lightning strike, holding up the service for about half an hour.
It is stated that the man objected to. the political levy, but had
not applied for > exemption in accordance with the Trade Union
Aot. When the man undertook
to make such application the men
recommenced work.
British Railroad
Clerks Are To Resist
Army Reserve Plan
LONDON. — Nationalization ot
the railways was overwhelmingly
iavored by the British Railway
Clerks association in a resolution
adopted at their annual conference.
There were 630 delegates representing 66,306 members; The conference urged support for the No
More War demonstrations ln the
autumn and instructed the executive to have nothing to do with the
government scheme for a militarized transport reserve. The conference favored the fusion of the
co-operative movement with the
labor, party in political activities.
In a private session a resolution
favoring amalgamation with the
Natl. Union of Railwaymen and
the Locomotive Engineers and
Firemen was defeated by a membership vote, 33,100 to 21,460, after the executive explained that
lhe question of trade union organization in each industry was under
consideration by the general council of the British Trades Union
Congress. The clerks decided to
await the recommendations of this
body. The conference provided for
continued co-operation with the
Natl. Union of Railwaymen in negotiations with the railways.
BRITISH NEUTRALITY
CONSISTS OF SIXTEEN '
DESTRUCTIVE WEAPONS
LONDON.—If civil war breaks
out ln China, Great Britain will remain "neutral," so says the British
foreign office. It is also announced that "no power will act independently of the others, and none
will undertake anything contrary
to the interests of the other. Great
Britain has sixteen war vessels now
in Chinese waters, supposed sufficient to "protect her interests."
Strike Against Speed-Up System
NORTH EASTON, Mass.—A
spontaneous strike of polishers* employed at the Ames Shovel and
Tool Co., occurred when the firm
installed time clocks and attempted
to introduce speeding up of work.
South Vanoouver Sohool Board
British Engineers
Demand Immediate
Increase in Wages
LONDON, Eng.—So determined
are the workers in the engineering industry not to be sidetracked
in their demand for an increase
of 20s. a week, that 40 unions ln
the engineering industry have refused to negotiate with the employers about the matter.
All over the country the men
are pledging themselves to support any action considered necessary, and are urging the formation of an alliance with miners,
railwaymen and transport workers.
Even Right Wing officials are
forced to admit the strength of
these demands, and one well-
known official said: "Much as we
dislike the idea of a stoppage, we
are rapidly being driven to a position when we have no alternative but to accede to the growing
demand for strike action."
TENDERS are asked by the South
Vaneoaver School Board for the
stripping and relaying (labor only) of
shingles on the various school buildings.
Tenders are also invited for the supplying ot 176 to 200 M. best quality 6X
Shingles. Full particulars ean be obtained at the Board Offices, 4547 Main
street. Tenders marked (1) Shingling,
and (2) Shingles, must be in the hands
of the undersigned not later than S p.m.
Thursday, July 2nd, 1925. The lowest
or any tender not necessarily accepted.
ALEX. ORAHAM,
Seeretary.
For a Day's Outing
00 IO
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eastern Ry.
(Via No. Vancouver Olty Ferries)
TRAINS BON AS FOLLOWS ON
SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS
Leave North Vancouver for all
stations 8:40 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past each hour until 8 -.30
p.m. . Return from Whyteeliff
9:25 a.m. and 25 minutes past
each hour until 9:25 p.m.
Purchase Tickets at Ferry Wharf
and 533 OraavUla Street
Return Fares From Vanoouver:
Adults 70c; Ohildren 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. 300      Seymour 9331
Send ln Your Subscription Today
Corporation of Point Grey
Notice
June 30th inst. is the last day for payment
of real property taxes to avoid penalty
addition.
W. A. SHEPPARD,
Collector. Page Eight
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 26,
OPEN FORUM
&{foriftl *"po^
QUESTION BOX
Address  All Letters  apd
Remittances to the Editor
*%\\t Canadian Sarmwr-ffiabar Afrtarai*
1120 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
$2 A TEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
Homebreaking Caused
By Starvation Wages
Paid To Workingmen
What's going to happen to the
good old American home after industrialism gets through with in?
The profesional patriots—at so
much per day—tells us that the
Reds are doing the job, but the
Woman's Bureau of the Department of Labor has an entirely different story.
Slow disruption of the family by
the failure of industrialism to pay
men a living wage is the conclusion driven home by this report
on the family status of bread-winding women. Four typical cities,
Jacksonville, Fla.; Wilkes-Barre,
Pa.; Passaic, N. J.; and Butte,
Mont., have been studied. Here are
the facts.
Old Theory Worn Out
One woman out of every three
is in Industry today. What is more,
one woman of every two in Jacksonville and Passaic was packing
a lunch kit daily to provide nourishment in the noontime pause
within the grim factory walls.
Evidently the pretty but rather
aniquated theory that women work
for pin money needs to be scuttled
for all time, ln view of these figures. Over half of the women
wage earners were over 25, so they
weren't just parking in nice easy
jobs until their hearts fluttered
with ecstasy over some shoe store
Adonis leading them to the altar.
Over half of these women were
married, too. They had plenty to
do at home, probably, but how was
the rent to be paid or little Johnny's doctor bill met unless mother
presented herself to the searching
eyes of the personnel department
of a Passaic cotton mill and was
permitted to earn her $15 a week?
Blame the Capitalist
The next time you meet one of
these explosive chaps who's so vehement ln his defense of things-as-
they- .are and so certain that it's
the Reds who are destroying the
family, just present him with these
quotations from the federal Women's Bureau report:
Because of the present economic
organization of society many women are forced by stress of circum-
rtances to become bread winners.
Men Not Wanted
The failure of men to secure a
living wage for the family necessitates the entrance of wives and
mothers into bread-winning activities outside or within the home.
Better wages for men would frequently mean withdrawal of a
large group of wives and mothers
from bread-winning activities.
The coupling of econc-__ic responsibilities and domestic duties
for women tends to menace the
health of the home.—Locomotive
Engineers' Journal.
The Easier Way
Constable enters station and reports to sergeant: "At 2 a.m. I
found a dead horse ln Nebuchadnezzar street." Sergeant writes:
"At 2 a.m. Constable X found a
dead horse in ." "Where d'you
say you found him?" "In Nebuchadnezzar street." "H'm," says
the sergeant, "Spell it." Awkward
pause. "Half a minute, sergeant,"
says the contable, and exits. Enter
constable, after delay breathing
heavily. He begins again :"At 2
a.m. I found a dead horse in Yorkc
street  ." "But I thought you
said ." "So I did, sergeant, but
I went and shifted him."
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
■ub today.
"r-ERMAN REPARATIONS can be paid only through a reduced standard of living, longer working hours and greater
productivity per man." This frank statement by Sir Joseph
Stamp, who assisted in drafting the Dawes Plan, means that
not only will the burden of paying for the war-mongering
policies of European imperialists fall upon the shoulders of
German workers, but it also means that the inevitable. international competition for markets will force a reduced standard
of living and longer hours of toil upon the workers in every
other capitalist country. Capitalist economy is international,
and when one group of workers are driven into the mire all
others are forced into the position where they must either bc
sucked into the vortex or rebel. The workers of Soviet Russia
alone can escape from this mad whirlpool. Already British
workers are beginning to feel the pinch, resulting in their
movement taking a sharp swing to the left.
*      *      *      •      •
BRITISH COAL MINERS have received an ultimatum from
-their employers informing them that they must either accept an increase of hours or the mines will close. The miners
refuse to be browbeaten by calamitous threats, and are making
every effort to resist this encroachment upon their leisure
time. British railway workers are also being threatened with
a wage reduction, because rail business has fallen off through
reduced coal orders. The coal trade has decreased because,
says the daily press: "France is receiving reparation coal
from Germany, and can pass it on to Italy and undersell
Great Britain." The war of "violence and murder" is over,
but* the economic war of capitalism rages with unabated fury.
Victorious Briton and defeated Teuton are now in the same
boat. Each is being pitted against the other, while from the
resulting fratricide increased riches flow into the coffers of
those who ten short years ago sent them out to war upon
each other with gun, bayonet, poison gas, liquid fire, and glib
promises of a more congenial life after they had made the
world safe—for bourgeois democracy.
e       t       #       •       •
WASTE OF LUMBER occupied one whole session of the
" • American Society of Mechanical Engineers, according to
press reports. Why that body should be in any way perturbed over this question is difficult to understand. No lumberman was ever known to tell a lie—except he felt he might
enhance his income thereby, and these gentlemen inform us
that the greater the waste the greater becomes forest productivity. Before the advent of the white man to this fair province growth and decay must have approximated each other.
Since the white man came and denuded vast areas for commercial purposes; destroyed all young growth; raped by fire,
axe, crosscut saw and modern logging machinery; pillaged
and robbed by the latest scientific methods, no less an authority than Mr.' McMillan, then a government employee,, now
a lumber exporter, informed us that the annual growth so
exceeded the annual cut that "our" forests were practically
inexhaustible. Why, indeed, should such a body as the Society
of Mechanical Engineers waste valuable time on this question,
even although modern science is baffled and ordinary horse-
sense completely knocked out trying to explain it.
• e       e       e       «
IT'S UP TO YOU! The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate is
' proving that it is possible for men and women holding
divergent opinions inside the movement to co-operate and
publish a paper that represents labor as a whole, without
regard to fine spun theories or factional bias. This paper is
publishing accurate, non-factional news of the farmer-labor
movement. Its contents speak for itself. But even the best
of papers cannot exist without support, and so IT'S UP TO
YOU—if you want this paper to continue, show your sentiments in a practical way by sending in your subscription
today.
• t       •       • *     •
TP THE WORKING CLASSES in all countries were as thoroughly united and understood their own position as well
as the national and international bankers, it would not be long
before a good deal of the political and industrial power, which
the employers of labor use against the wage-earners and
wealth-producers, would be taken away.—(W. Thorne, Gen.
eral Secretary National Union General Workers.)
Selecting a Flag
CELEC1TNG a suitable Canadian
flag Is creating quite a furor
in political circles, and prizes helng
offered for the beat design we tender prospective competitors a few
suggestions. The proposed flag
should be white—emblematic of
the virgin purity of Canadian politics. In the centre should be a
bald-headed eagle devouring a
chicken, this to represent the economic conquest of Canada by the
United States. In one corner
should be emblazoned a gluttonous looking mortgage oompany,
symbolic of Canada's 80 per cent,
mortgaged farms, and on the other
corner should be a stool-pigeon
spying on labor unions. Canada
has more of these gentry to the
acre than any other country, and
her greatest product should have a
place in the national emblem. Both
corner designs should be executed
in yellow, the some hue as the
stripe on a Mountie's pants. .This
should blend well with the pure
white background. No red marks
should be permitted, as there are
only a handful of reds in the oountry, and they are mostly foreigners.
A Babbitt Assembly
The cream of America's Bab-
bittry, representing "twenty billion dollars," and including such
star performers as James A. Far-
rell, president of the U. S. Steel
Corporation, are meeting in Seattle. Vancouver has forty delegates
present, and although they hail
from the bush belt, yet their business ' astuteness ls manifested by
their being able to "secure the
most strategical ipoint ln the
Olympic Hotel" for auctioning off
our celebrated scenic attractions
to "people that matter." Needless to say, the conference Ib a
"trade" one. That fact ls abvlous
by the presence of such a mighty
person as Farrell, not to mention
our own barnyard A. M. Dollar.
But the chief thing about this
conference is that it represents
$20,000,000,000.00. It is dollars,
not human needs, that this conference is concerned with. Truly
did Marx speak when he said that
since the advent of capitalism the
sole nexus between man and man
is cash payment.
Steady Boys!
Our movement is not a perfect
movement, because it is composed
of Imperfect human beings; but
always remember this—lt contains
within itself the means of correcting its own defects. Dissention
should therefore never mean disunity. Fight it out inside the
ranks!
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTERS,  SOLICITOUS, 8X0.
401-408 Matropolltan Bulldlnf
837 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Stymour 6666 ud 6667
Collecting the
WHO   WON   THB   WAB \
"  a question that still
a central position upon the
stage.   Like Jiggs' cat lt Ice
returning.   The latest to
views on tbe subject Is Bishop
ham of New York.  However]
American workers may havej
the plundering pirates whoi]
Bishop supported certainly
out ahead pn the deal.   Mm)
gave them an opportunity
en their tentacles around the i
ers of Europe, until today it |
longer necessary for them to }
port  ..shiploads,   of
across the Atlantic.  America
ital can exploit tbem as effh
and as ruthlessly upon their .
soil.   .Press reports indicate J
Wall Street bankers will
180 million dollars from
this year, for war debts alone.]
will receive much more fron
European commercial  enti
which they gobbled up as a
of the war.   Certainly, Bir.
Wall Street lost, nothing, bu
the working class, did.
LOOK OVER OUR SI
OIALS AND SAVE]
MONET
Men's Oxfords, tan or blaek,
pair   t*_
Boys'  Tan Outing Shoes,  rnbj
soles,   sties   1   to   6;   reg
81.25,   Saturday    %i\
Children's   Canvas   Sandals,
ber aoles,  tan or white;  si
6 to 10%	
SIsea 11 to 2   8*4
Hen's White Outing Shirts, 6*
and .. 8|
Men's  White  Duck  Pants   t_
Painters'  Bib Overalls   t_
Men's Khaki Pants, 61.70, «f
Arthur Frith &<
Man's   snd   Boys'   Fun
Hatt, Boota and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET^
Between   7th   and   8th   Averi
 Phone Fair.- 14
Good How
Paint
Nine Colors
Qts. 951, y2-Gal. $1.;
Gallons $3.25
3-PLY PANELS
Fir and Lamatco
4 3-4c per sq. ft. and
according to grade
quantity.
Gregory &Rej
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hast
We Deliver
Brummitt Is With You, Are You With
BUY YOUR NEW SUIT
And Your Clothing From
W. B. BRUMMIT
412 HASTINGS STREET WEST
He Treats You Right and Guarantees Satisfaction.

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