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The Canadian Labor Advocate Feb 12, 1926

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 1
THE CANADIAN
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
fceenth Year.  No. 6.
VANCOUVEB, B.C., FBIDAY, FEBBUABY•^.-1926
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
The Week in Ottawa
(By J. S. WOODSWOBTH, M. P.)
the past few days we have been witnessing a struggle
for party advantage and the end is not yet.   The Govern-
having being sustained find it necessary to put into port
epairs.
*s essential that the Prime Minister should be elected and
more Ministers should be added. Under these circuities Notice of Motion was given that the Government pro-
" to ask for six weeks' recess. The Conservatives immed-'
adopted aggressive tactics and in one form or another
kept up a regular bombardment. Their position was
ips well expressed by a new Member, Mr. Nicholson, when
Id: "I feel it to be my duty the most Influential eastern pa
t every obstacle that  I  am  pers.
It is undoubtedly true that there
has been considerable laxity in the
Customs Department. It seems
also true that the present Minister has been doing his utmost
to effect a house-cleaning. The
information used by Mr. Stevens
was very largely secured from the
very men who are engaged In doing the house-cleaning. Thus it
becomes apparent that the object
of the attack was not so much to
secure more honest and effective
administration as to secure a party
victory.
(Continued on Page 5)
lie of putting in the path of
•government carrying on as
[ave attempting to carry on
in the first place, flouting
P.ill of the people. And, in
econd place bringing parlia-
i into utter and complete con-
Liberals the other night in
Iffort   to   hasten   a   division
an all night sitting.    In the
Ie  of this Mjr.  Stevens made
i serious charges  against the
lament  especially  In  connec-
jwith  the  administration   of
fustoms Department.   The at-
had    been   rather   cleverly
to  come  on late at night
it there would be no oppor-
of a reply finding its way
Ithe  papers  which   contained
pta'ck.   Sere one might men-
passing that a considerable
tion of what goes on in the
is   intended   primarily   for
consumption and the game
|iyed with this constantly In
After Mr. Stevens, the Min-
Of Customs denied or refus-
great many statements which
Important Noti^
pOMMENOING r ne«"
V issue an cxrlhs*. o series
of articles on company unions will be published in the
LABOR ADVOCATE!. These
articles are being Written by
Robert W. Dunn, author of
"The Labor Spy," aiid
"American Foreign Investments," a review of which
can be found on page 8 of
this issue.
This series has been written for -the Federated Press,
Labor's news service, and as
the LABOR ADVOCATE is
the only labor paper west of
Winnipeg subscribing to this
service, these articles will n
not be found In any other
publication ln Western Canada.
Mr. Dunn lias been amassing material, and doing research work on the subject
of company unions for several years, and is a competent observer and interpreter. The opening article will
deal with railroad company
unions.
(By DB. W". J. CUBBY)
-T^HE usual Tuesday evening meeting foT the reading and dis-
cUssion of the British Trade Union Delegates' Beport on
Soviet Bussia was held last week in the C. P. Hall, 666 Homer
street. The subject was "The Government of the Workers'
Bepublic."
When this report was compiled no less than 24 small states
had united in the Union of Soviet Republics. Since then Afghanistan, one of Britains' domains, has hoisted thfe Bed Flag,
and ent&ed the Union. j. »
The controlling factor in this union of Soviet Eepublics is
Bussia. The report shows that Tor the useful members of
society this system is most thor- derstood by approaching it from
oughly democratic, but for the the viewpoint of British Trade Un-
parasite class it is doubtless a die- ionism, than from our parliamen-
tatorship of a decidely obnoxious  tary system.
type. |
The * franchise is given to all
above 18 years of age, but Is restricted to those who work, which
includes soldiers, and women
house-keepers. In Russia it is
practically universal suffrage, only employers of labor, monks,
priests, lunatics and criminals, are
deprived of the privilege of electing delegates to governmental and
administrative bodies.
The Soviet electorial system,
says the report, "can better be un-
Labor M.P's. Speech Exposes Mental
Bankruptcy of Capitalist Quacks
QTTAWA.—Dealing entirely wiifh
the stern realities of economic fact as it affects the overwhelming majority of Canada's
population, the speech of J. S.
Woodsworth, Labor M.P., in his
made but his speech was  repiy   to . the   speech   from   the
throne, contrasted sharply wuh
the mental gymnastics, and village pump quackery of those who
preceded him. He wasted no
words on whether strawberries
ente'ring Canada should have a
tariff placed on them, or whether
the laying propensities of Cana-
,some time past negotiations  dian hens were increasing, as did
ate for the papers and was
Ibriefly reported in many of
\ and Local Labor
coups to Amalgamate
^been under way tending to-
' the amalgamation of vari-
olitioal Labor groups in Van-
South Vancouver,   Burna-
|_d  New Westminster.    At a
|ng   held   Saturday,   January
.   P.   of  C.   hadquarters,
iuver  ,  delegates  were  pre-
| representing  New  Westmin-
[_abor  Party,  South  Vancou-
Labor Party, and the several
ihes of the Federated Labor
of South Vancouver, Burn-
and   Vancouver   City,   all   of
had   accepted  a manifesto
^greed  to  amalgamate   their
and are now known as the
lendent   Labor   Party.     Proal   officers   were   ap'pointel
constitution   was   adopted
will   be  submitted   Co   the
|fes of the Party for approval,
reported  upon  at  another
ig  to   held  Friday,   Febru-
the minister of agtiouiture. His
speech clearly proved tha*: representatives of Labor ha»-e u much
greater comprehension of fundamental fact than do the charlatans
who make a profession of politics.
In the early part of his speech
Mr. Woodsworth read replies to
letters sent by himself and A. A.
Heaps  asking  Premier  King,  and
Growth of Industry
No Benefit to Labor ™m
Arthur Meighen to outline their
stand on une nployment and old
age pensions. These letters, the
speaker said, were being read in
order to have them placed on
Hansard. Evidently he wanted to
place them on public record in
case they might be required In
the future.
Premier King signified his intention of introducing an old age
pension measure, and "carrying
out with respect to emergency relief the practices adopted in cooperation with provinces and
municipalities in the years immediately following the war."
King also gave assurance that certain changes would be made in the
Naturalization Act and the Criminal Code, which changes the two
Labor members had previously
interviewed him on. Evidently
the two Labor M. P.'s have been
able to make the Liberals "cough
up"  a few small concessions.
Meighen, on the other hand deplored the fact that the two Labor members had not assisted him
In extending "the area of employ-
and that while he was willing  to   discuss   old   age   pensions
with them yet Gideon Robertson
knew more about the subject than
anyone in Canada.
Mr. Woodsworth scored both
Liberals and Conservatives for
their efforts to bring in immigrants, and when they arrived to
leave them to shift for themselves
as best they could."
Dealing with unemployment he
showed how every Improvement
In mechanical devices, which
should be used to lighten the load
of labor, only served to throw
hundreds out of work, and that "a
smaller and ever smaller number of people are required to keep
the machinery of the world moving."
In conclusion Mr. Woodsworth
pointed out that the age old policies of our grandfathers would
not solve the questions of today.
They may have secured a measure
of political freedom, but our fastis to secure economic freedom.
U.S. Labor Mission to
Visit Soviet Russia
WASHINGTON.—(FP)—On tne
back cover of its January issue the
Journal of the Electrical Workers
and Operators quotes from Foster
and Catchlngs' "Profits" this
statement:
"A vast capital structure we
have, it is true, and almost miraculous scientific achievements, and
ilfitereBt was displayed on laVlsh expenditures for education;
t of all delegates present, ,but ln the past generation there
the main object of the have been no gajng ln human wells fo carry on an educational fare at an oomparable with the
rgahizing campaign it is in- growth of industrial equipment and
1 that work along such lines the improvements in the arts. On
commence Immediately. t*he   contrary,   there   are   millions
[was made a part ofthe cop- who are under-nourished, ill-clad,
on that all branches must af- Ill-housed, and without means  of
with  the  Canadian  Labor commanding even adequate dental
and medical care."
Highlights on This
Week's News
CANADIAN
The  Week  In   Ottawa  1
New Labor Party Formed...-  1
Child  Labor  in  Canada -.  1
AMERICAN
Machines  Gobble Jobs...-.,  8
Farmers   Going   Bankrupt  5
U.   S.  Investments  Abroad  8
BRITISH
Labor    Amalgamations  7
Lloyd George and Labor Party....;  7
London Unionists Adopt Militant Policy   _  7 the International Ladles'
. CHICAGO — (FP) — Formation
• is under way of a national committee for an American trade un-
ji.on delegation to soviet Russia. T.
P. ■_ Lewis, secretary of the Chicago
coinrnittee announces that the national committee is to consist solely of trade, unionists of prominence and standing. While confessing that "the delegation may
not have the official sanction of
the executive council of the A. F.
of L„" he asset-ts that the delegates to the New York committee
represent organizations totalling
almost 200,000 trade unionists and
that the national conventions of
Garment
FOREIGN
Unity  Movoment In  Europe  2
Germany  Under  Dawes...* _  2  „.„„„_„ i
Argentine  Labor  Swings  Left  8  Proposal
Workers'    and   the
Furworkers   union
International
indorsed    the
The Union of these numerous
states is international in its ideal,
with local autonomy. "This Union
is not Russian, but Socialist Soviet
Republic, the army is not Russian
but the Red Army". Its sliver
coinage has for its device not the
"lion, the eagle, nor other beasts
of prey," but the Hammer and
Sickle, representing peaceful Industry. For the motto these coins
have not "In God We Trust," but
"Workers of the World Unite."
As to the persistent statements
of the capitalist press that the
Russian regime is a "reign of terror," this delegation wished to
have put on record its conviction
that this could not be believed by
any unprejudiced person travelling in the Union, and talking to"
its citizens. "The Delegation is also
of the opinion that the Soviet system so far from being undemocratic, gives in many respects to the
(Continued on Page 6)
Child Labor Becomes
Problem in Canada
(By C. McaKy)
MONTREAL—(FP)—"Child labor with all its sinister accomplishments is raising a,n ugly head
in Canada, but most citizens apparently, do not suspect the unholy
alliance between low wages, unemployment, long hours, child labor
and Illiteracy," said Helen Mac-
Gill, judge of the juvenile court,
Vancouver, in an address before
the Canadian Council on Child
Welfare.
The London Economist makes
the interesting calculation, using
government statistics, that if England would "maintaljn her youns
workers under 16 and her old
workers over 05 there would be
no unemployment problem left,
for there is sufficient work for
the remainder."
Nova Scotia has raised its compulsory school age to 16 years;
Alberta, British Columbia and
Saskatchewan to 15; New Brunswick and Manitoba still have 14;
Ontario with nominally 16 practically sets 14; Quebec has no compulsory school age but children
may not work unless they cat-
read  and: write.
All this looks better than it ls,
for each province makes special
exemptions "husbandry, household
duties," or "maintenance of self
or dependents," or "during the
fishing and fruit seasons." In the
mines Nova Scotia, Alberta and
Ontario fix the age for underground work at 16 and British Columbia and Quebec at 15. Page Two.
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
The Unity Movement
Important Meeting
F.L.P., February 17
A meeting of the Vancouver City
branch of the Federated Labor
Party will be held on Wednesday
evening February 17, at 8 o'clock,
in headquarters, 319 Pender
street west. All members are urged to be present as important matters resulting from the transfer
to the Independent Labor Party
are to be dealt with.
Saturday Night Dance
The Vancouver (English)
branch of the Communist Party
of Canada will hold a dance in
the Clinton Hall, corner of Clinton and Pejider Streets, on Saturday, 13th Inst., at 9 p.m. Good
music has been secured, and a
good time is assured to all. Come
and bring a friend!
Notice to Contributors
tVTE ARE always glad to receive
letters and short articles
dealing with topical subjects, but
we would like to remind onr contributors that our space is limited,
and they must govern themselves
accordingly.
Letters to the Editor should not
exceed 250 words; articles should
not contain more than 2,000 words.
Please assist us by making all contributions as brief and concise as
possible.
All matter for publication, except important news, must reach
us not later than 4 p. m. on
Wednesday.
Dr. Curry's Lectures
The regular weekly lecture and
readings from the British Trade
Union Delegate's Report on Russia, conducted by Dr. W. J. Curry
will be held in the C. P. Hall, 666
Homer Street, on Tuesday (night
next, at 8 p.m. After the lecture
and readings the usual questions
and discussion will be In order.
At the close of the meeting a short
period will be devoted to singing
Labor songs.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
C. L. P. Open Forum
The weekly open forum meeting
held by the Greater Vancouver
Central Coupon of the Canadian
Labor Party, will be held on Sunday next at 8 p.m., in the Royal
Theatre, The speaker will, be Dr.
W. J. Curry. Doors open at 7:30.
Everybody invited. Questions and
discussion.
Germany Under Dawes
(By Scott Nearing, Federated Press)
TDERLIN—I have been living
with a group of 50 German
labor students, most of them be-
between 18 and 25 years of age.
They are eager, earnest, striving
for an education to fit them for
the struggle they see ahead of the
German movement. Most of them
have belonged to the left of the
German Youth Movement. All are
members of trades unions.
Never have I met a finer group
of men. Physically sturdy, they
work, sing and play with a will.
They would be a credit to any
American educational Institution.
But how many American students
would live on their standard?
They are in class 4 to 7 hours a
day. They study- several hours
more. They do a large part-of
the work about the school. They
sleep on cots, 10 in a room.
But their diet is the most revealing part of their regimen. I
lived on it for 10 days and took
notes on it, meal by meal. Here
is a sample:
MONDAY: Breakfast—bread
with lard; coffee of toasted rye
without sugar. Each student had
a cup and a spoon (no saucer).
The bread was served in a dish.
There was nothing else on the
wooden table except salt, without
which the bread and lard are almost uneatable. Dinner: a large
dish of rice, cooked with kohlrabi
and a little meat; bread and margarine. Each student had a plute
and a fork. Nothing to drink. Tea
bread and margarine; coffee made
from rye and without sugar. Each
student received a cup and a
spoon. Bread on a large plate.
Supper: soupy a small piece of
herring;    bread   with   margarine;
rye-coffee without sugar. Soup
dish, spoon, fork and cup.
Menus on other days were similar. Except where I have indicated it, there were no table utensils supplied. Knives were seldom
needed.    There  were no  napkins.
On Sunday there was cake. I
questioned many of the students,
as to whether the diet in the
school was worse than at home.
Some said it was, but a number
admitted bitterly that at home
they often fared worse. One student who had been away from
school several weeks looking for
a job writes that during that time
he has lived almost entirely on
bread and water. This menu may
give Americans some faint idea of
the way workers In many parts
of Germany are living—the economic basis for Dawes plan payments. Their standards are far
below those of the more fortunate
American fellow workers.
One of the students told me he
had gone heavily into debt to
come to the school.
'<How much did you borrow?"
I asked. "Oh, a lot," he answered
"50 marks."
Since leaving school he has been
out of a job, and there are nearly a million and a half other German workers looking for work,
he will be many a long day paying his $13 debt.
(BY SCOTT NEARING,
America or Russia
T)RUSSELS. — "European work-
ers stand at the crossroads between Russia and America. They
must choose which way they want
to-go. If they pick Russia, they
pick an effort at working class direction of industry and the statei
If they choose America, they
choose imperialism, and the domination of the world by American
bankers."
In these words Franz Liebaers,
secretary Belgian Clothing Workers union, sums up the subject
of trade union unity. "Unity," he
says, "is our only way out. Already the workers of urope are
producing hundreds of millions of
wealth every year that go Into the
coffers of American banks. Year
by year the loans increase, and.
year by year the interest that
must be paid increases correspondingly. This means that if we accept the Dawes plan, the whole of
western Europe will be a financial
colony of the United States, and
the workers of Belgium, instead
of Working for Belgian capitalists
as at present will be working for
American capitalists.
"Then what will happen?" Liebaers continued. "The Americans
will be recognized, easily enough,
as our enemies—our taskmasters;
our foreign exploiters. Already
that feeling is showing itself, and
as the system becomes well established, the feeling is bound to
grow. In a decade, or perhaps in
less, our capitalist class will be
saying to the workers of Belgium:
'You talk of the class struggle, but
your real enemies—our enemies—
are the Americans.' Thus, step by
step, the workers of Europe will
be prepared to fight with European capitalists, against the workers and capitalists of America.
"We must unite with the workers
and flght against the capitalists.
That means the entrance of the
Russian workers into the Amsterdam International Federation of
Trade Unions. It also means, sooner or later, the entrance of the
American Federation of Labor.
That is what we are working toward—a united international labor federation, including the workers of both hemispheres. For the
moment It may look to the American workers as though they had
more to gain by staying outside.
But their economic interests will
force them ln, just as the economic interests of the American bankers have forced them to enter tho
European field."
FEDERATED PRESS)
Steps Towards Unity
AMSTERDAM.—"Things are
moving forward better than we
had dared to hope they would,"
says Edo Fimmen, Secretary International Transport Workers.
"Unity is becoming an issue :n all
trade movements of Europo." Flm**.
men calls attention to the fact that
the active struggle for unity had.
begun only a few months before.
He pointed to the report of the
British Trades Union delegation to
Russia, which stands on his shelves
in French, Dutch, Finnish, German and three or four olher languages, beside the original English. "That laid the foundation for
the movement," said he. "That
and the fine work the British
Trades Union congress has done.
Purcell, Hicks, Swales and Bramley have done a great service to
the labor movement in launching
their demand for labor uhtiy. They
le*d off with their paper Trade
Union  Unity.
"Here ort the continent we ha.'o
already launched one paper,
I'Unlte of -Brussels, printed ln
Flemish and French. We expect to
begin another papor in Germany,
Einheit. Both of these papers,
like Trade Union Unity are published under trade union auspices.
During February we shall start a
paper in Holland. The movement
is also well advanced ln Czechoslovakia, Sweden,, Norway and
Denmark.
"Much of the material in these
papers will be syndicated. Purcell,
-Walker, Hicks, Swales, 'Liebaers
and Jukela will appear as contributing editors. Unity news will also
be syndicated. Thus there will be
established a press centre from
which unity propaganda can be
distributed."
The German labor delegation
which visited Russia in the summer of 1925 has issued a report of
176 pages and sold In Germany
for one mark (25 cents). From
each copy sold 2% cents is set
aside for a unity paper. During
December the sale of the report
ran Into tens of thousands. A
second large edition has been put
on the market.
"You will see," Fimmen concluded, "that we are taking this
unity movement seriously. Our future depends on lt, and you may
be sure that we are leaving no
stone unturned that will increase
the movement's effectiveness."
Friday, February 12, 19|
CLASSIFIED Al
BARRISTERS    )
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401* Ml
polltan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pa
Bldg., 744 Hat-tings St. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   ft   ELLIOTT,   100   Pj
Street W. Tbe but makes ef bioj
on easy terme.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Mairl
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova Bt. WJ
C-YFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings flt.
CHDROPBACTOR
DR.    D.    A.    MoMILLAN,    PALI
Graduate.   Open daily and even]
633   Hastings   Stroet  West,   eor.
ville   Street,    fhone   Sey.  6954.
DENTIST
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   801  Domlrj
Bldg.	
DPUGS
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor.
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., II
tings St. —.
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLIj
WESTERN GLASS OO. LTD.,
Cordova St. W., few doori wtll
Woodward's. Sey. 8887. Wholesale1
retail window  glass.
HOSPITAL
BETTER RE SAFE THAN SORRl
Grandvlew Hospital—Medical, sf
teal, maternity. 1090 Viotorla Sq
High.  1ST.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cord|
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 MainJ
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and :
ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cbr<
Street. ^^^
MUSIC
T7IOLINS     REPAIRED,    BOWS
V   HAIRED.     Columbia   records,
les.     Gramophones    repaired.     Baj-j
reeds    and    supplies.    Will    Edit
Music Store, 966 Bobson St.  Sey. i
OPTICIAN
Pitman  Optical House,  615
Ings West.
PAINT AND 8-PLY PS
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   HastJ
Street East.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 810 Carj
Street.
Ohio Labor Decides to
Enter Political Arena
PATERSON, N.J.-(FP)—Married teachers unprotected by the
tenure of office law cannot teach
in Paterson schools the board of
education rules. Teachers who attempt to conceal marriage in order
to keep their jobs will be discharge
ed for "conduct unbecoming a
teacher."
Alberta Miners' Stike Fund
T AST week the LABOR ADVOCATE opened a fund in aid
•^ of the Alberta miners who are on trial as a result of
strike activities. A few days ago we received a number of
defence stamps, valued at ten cents each, from the defence
committee in Oalgary. Readers who will undertake to sell
these stamps to their work mates are urgently needed.
Send in what money you can afford, or call at 815 Holden
Building, and get a book of stamps to sell.
CLEVELAND — (FP) —The
Cleveland Federation of Labor will
nominate labor candidates for political jobs instead of handing out
in accordance with the decision
inaccordance .with the decision
adopted by Ohio trade unionists
recently in special conference at
Columbus. Moderately successful
on the industrial field, Ohio labor finds that the power of the
state as exercised by the courts,
the legislature and the police are
the mai)P threats now to labor's
advance.
Lukewarm friends of labor having failed to deliver the goods, local unions, central bodies and the
state federation are now ordered,
to "select candidates for the primaries for the legislature and judicial office instead of permitting
self-appointed candidates to confuse the issue." The Ohio-decision
Is similar to that reached by the-
British labor movement at the beginning of the century in selecting
its own candidates for parliament,
the immediate precursor of the
British  labor party.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him tb subscribe.
$25 per Week Standard
Wage in United States
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Is the United States becoming
a nation Of capitalists? Judging
by U. S. department of labor figures on payrolls for 1926, the
answer is no. The wage earners'
share of the country's total income
provided- no surplus above living
expenses to put them in the investing class. In fact, if living expenses mean the cost of a decent
existence labor's bookkeepers must
report a deficit. The average wage
was $24.73 a week.
The totai income received by
factory workers in 1925 was about
$10,280,000,000, a gain of $20,000,-
or SYi per cent, over 1924. But
the cost of living advanced enough
• to make this no gain at all. Total
factory wages ln 1923 were about
$10,986,000,000. In 1920, the total
was about $13,840,000,000, So the
total paid factory workers in 1925
was about three quarters of 1920.
The 1925 wages were divided
among an average of 7,990,000
workers giving a percapita return
of $1,286 or just about the minimum decent support of a single
person with no provision for dependents. In 1924 the percapita
average was $1,258 and in 1920
$1,460.
FOR SALE
OITT  OP VANCOUVER
Tenders for Fire Equipmq
TENDERS WILL BE RECEIVED
12 o'clock Tuosday, February!
for the purchaso of throe horse-dl
Watorouse flre engines and other ed
ment, which can te examined by]
plying at my office. Tender fori
wholo or any part thereof can be
mltted.    Terms  cash.
JAMES STUART,!
Purchasing  Age}
City of Vancouvor, February 8, 101
NONE  BUT WHITE  HI
EMPLOYED
/COALf
AND       !■
KWOOD/
NONE  BUT  WHITE HE]
EMPLOYED iday, February 12, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Three
I - - POLITICS - -
imanian Fascisti      -Soviet Co-Operatives
-Assault Noted Editor      Are Growing Rapidly
--INDUSTRY--
Argentine Labor Urges   South African Left
Working Class Unity        Wing Wins Victory
BUCHAREST.—Costa-Foru, sec-
ry  of  the  Roumanian  league
Jthuman rights, and editor and
Klisher  of the  anti-facist  daily
pr Fakla, who recently aroused
1 hatred of the Roumanian ruby the publication of a book-
f'From the Roumanian Torture
Rmber,"  was recently the  vic-
f'of an assault by the police and
fSt agents. The fact that Henri
busse was his guest during his
Ho Roumania was another rea-
for the persecution.
bsta-Foru was returning from
vspaper congress,  and  while
foute to his home had to wait
some time in a railroad stat-
Whlle  ln  the  station  some
'_ members    of    the    Christian
Igue,  a Roumanian  fascist  or-
jization,   surrounded   him,   and
[stioned him as to his identity.
fin  his admission  that  he was
[ta-Foru  they     commenced  to
jt him, and kept it up until he
covered with blood.    The po-
and  the  minister  of  justice
tiessed the attack but made no
[rt to interfere.
M O S C O W.—The number of
members of the consumers' cooperatives of Russia has increased
from 7,000,000 on October 1, 1924,
to 9,029,100 on July 1-, 1925. There
were at that date 257 unions or
associations of consumers' co-operatives.
During the first nine months of
1924-25, the total turnover of the
consumers' co-operatives amounted to 2,626,000,000 roubles, as
against 2,029,000,000 roubles during the whole of 1923-24.
The trade done by the village
co-operatives Is Increasing more
rapidly than that done by the town
co-operatives.
The foreign trade turnover of
the consumers' co-operatives during October 1, 1924—July 1, 1925,
was 49,037, 000 roubles, or 6.2 per
cent, of the total foreign trade
turnover of the U.S.S.R., the value
of the imports during this period
being 16,350,000 roubles.
DENMARK
At the close of the year 1925
it is said that Danish industries,
which have been particularly hard
hit by the sudden rise ln the value of the country's currency, continued to experience difficult
times; and that approximately 85,-
000 workers, or one-third of the
country's skilled force, were without employemnt.
BRITAIN
Statistics compiled in England
show a great falling off In emigration since the war. In 1913, the
number of people who left Great
Britain to establish themselves
overseas was 285,046; in 1922, the
number was 118,410; in 1923, it
was 157,062; and in 1924, 132,217.
Berger Asks Coolidge
To Chastise Mussolini
1st Year Disastrous
for Chinese Exploiters
IHANGHAI.—-The year 1925 has
a disastrous one for the lm-
Jallst powers engaged in exploi-
Chlna.    The  great all-China
e, brought about by the mas-
te of Chinese workers and stu-
s by British controlled police,
the   foreign  traders  millions
founds.    The boycott instituted
nst British and Japanese goods
brought  the   imperialists   of
|e  two  coutnries severe losses,
de trade loycott, coupled -,vit:!i
{•bitter and anti-foreign iveltug
tforced the  foreign  diplomats
jiverse their policy of coercion,
give  way to several  Chinese
lands.
|_ attempt has been made to
the feeling over the Shanghai
tacres by the virtual dismissals
Ibolonel McEwen, the police
lissioner, and Inspector Eve-
plus the offer of $75,000 for
|dependents of the killed and
nded Chinese. The Chinese
i, based upon claims made by
gners* on the Chinese govern-
t, is- for $1,825,000, and the
ium offered has been indig-
ly rejected. The imperialist
pretends to regard the Chin-
blaim as "ridiculous."
Victor Berger, Socialist congressman, offers a resolution directing
President Coolidge to "use his good
offices" with Mussolini, to the end
that Free Masons, Catholics, Conservatives, Liberals, Socialists and
trade unionists may be granted tolerance in Italy. This is the first
measure offered in Congress whose
purpose is the warning of the dictator that he has gone far in
smashing modern institutions within his domain. The resolution
proposes that Coolidge shall express the concern of the American
people at Mussolini's oppressions
and also their alarm at his talk
of world-wide empire, as being
likely to lead to war.
BELGIUM
The strike of the iron and steel
workers, which started on June 16,
1925, and which has badly affected
the industrial situation, was still
the subject of the negotiations for
settlement at the close of the year,
with a joint committee endeavoring to terminate the dispute.
BUENOS AIRES.*—A strong
movement for national and international trade union unity is growing up in Argentine. Even the
Syndicalists and Anarcho-syndicalists, who are themselves divided
into various organizations, are beginning to appreciate that their
disunity is a crime against the
working class.
A united front of all workers
in Argentine is urged on the" following basis: 1, spport of national
and international trade union unity: 2, unification of all parallel
unions' on a local and national
scale; 3, the sending of a communication to the Red International
of Labor Unions, to' Amsterdam,
and to the Berlin^" (anarchist) international, calling for an international unity congress; 4, an active campaign to organize the unorganized; 5, the stud^ of projects
for improving the work of all unions in Argentina.
PORT ELIZABETH.—The Left
Wing of the South African Labor
Party have made splendid headway at the recent Party Congress
held here, the voting on the principal resolutions showing a signal
victory for the Leftists.
Labor at present holds three out
of fourteen ministerial offices in a
Nationalist-Labor    Coalition   gov
ernment.
uiii
SUMATRA
The island of Sumatra continues
to suffer for want of Sufficient labor to supply its local markets.
Consequently,, the plantations and
estates are still dependent upon
contract labor brought in from the,
Straits Settlements, India, China,
and  Java.
Industrial Spying May
Result from Alien Law
SPAIN
General improvement has recently marked the unemployment
situation in Spain, except in the
coal mines of the Asturias district,
which several subsidies have been
granted by the Government in order to save the district from disaster.
Apprentices Fired
For Going on Strike
PRAGUE, Czecho-Slovakia. —
After the ending of the strike in
the Boskovitz Iron Works (Moravia) 56 apprentices were discharged* for taking part in the strike.
As the discharged apprentices tried
to make complaints to the political
factory administration they were
told, "During the negotiations o*.er
the resumption of work the political factory administration and the
employers' association agreed that
the management could discharge
56 apprentices. These apprentices
had no business to strike but
should have stayed on the job,
they had no right to participate in
political or trade union organizations."
A large section of the delegates
maintained that the policy of the
party should be decided by the
rank and file. A resolution, which
limits to one-third the number of
M.P.'s on the party's national
council, was .carried by 40 votes
to 29. By the first act of the new
council, Senator Briggs, chairman
of the conference), was deposed
from his position as chairman of
the party. His successor has not
yet been named.
Mr. Madely, a Left Wing nominee, who was recently appointed
Minister of Posts and Telegraphs, *
disturbed the Right Wing by declaring that he and his friends
were "determined to press forward for what is called extremism,
but which in our opinion is the
only thing that matters."
Ivertisers are helping us. Re-
icate by' buying from them,
'tell them you saw lt in the
cate.
NEW YORK.—(FP)—Spying
similar to that carried on in industry by employers against workers
would result from passage Into law
of the alien registration and deportation bills now pending in congress, William Green, American
Federation of Labor president,
wired the New York meeting protesting these bills. The 1925 A.
F. of L. convention denounced the
bills, which Secretary of Labor
Davis favors and which would
bring fingerprinting of all aliens
now in the United States or who
would come. Immigrant aid societies were among the organizers
of the meeting.
IRELAND
According to an announcement
made by the Minister of Industry
and Commerce, the" Free State's
tarrif policy, which was inaugurated in April, 1924, has resulted
in an increase in employment in
the protected industries.
Danish Farmers Face
Serious Farm Crisis
CEGHO-SLOVAKIA
The strike and lockout ln the
North Bohemian textile Industry
which affected 15,000 workers, has
been satisfactorily settled by the
granting of a total wage Increase,
for the year, of nine per cent.
Stay at the
iOTEL STRATFORD
(The Plaoe CaUed Home
orner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 6121
GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
^00  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms,
[ Rooma with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
1R6T-CLASS SERVICE
More Unions Endorse
Delegation to Russia
NEW YORK—(FP)—More unions are endorsing the formation
of an American trade union delegation to Russia. Fur Nailers Local 10, Shoemakers locals 63 and
64 and district council of Shoe-
workers Protective union, Dressmakers local 22 and Cloakmakers
locals 9 and 55 of International
Ladies' aGrment Workers, Amalgamated Public Service Workers
and the Architectural Iron, Bronze
and Structural Workers, Butchers
local 174 and Bakers local 3 of
the Amalgamated Food Workers
favor  an   American   delegation.
SWEDEN
The trend of unemployment ln
Sweden during the year 1925
showed a considerable increase
over the previous year, with the
mining industry accounting for approximately one-seventh of the
total number of unemployed persons.
COPEtHAGEN.—High production costs and a high German tariff making it impossible for Danish
farmers to sell their produce has
resulted in a farm crisis. Little
legislative relief is offered for the
farmers.
Since American financiers have
Invaded Danish industry and have
begun to grant loans, the Danish
banks are also making loans to
firms fearing that the American
bankers will gain control of the
Danish trade.
Fewer articles of commerce are
being exported declared Danish experts due to a ruined German market, a poor English market and
fierce colonial competition.
Holland State-Owned
Mines Paying Venture
LONDON.—According to evidence placed before the British
Coal Commission, State ownership
of mines has proved to be a paying proposition.
The total ouput of coal from
these State mines in 1924 was seven times more than the total output from the same mines in 1913,
The opening up of another State
mine, thl Maurits mine, proceeded satisfactorily during the year,
the staff being Increased in numbers from 813 to 1,1661, and an
output of 17,476 long tons being
obtained from two shaft workings.
The gross working profit of the
State coal mines as a whole In
1924 was 7.32 million florins, of
which 3.82 million florins were
written off, 1.16 million florins
added to the reserve fund, 2.34
million florins being available for
tlie State offers, or 3 per cent, on
the capital, which amounts to 78
million >florins.
Send in your subscription today.
NORWAY
Latest reports from the country's official employment bureaus
indicate that there has been a
large increase in the number of
unemployed, there having been a
recent Increase of about 6,000 over the preceding month.
|«sh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bidbs,
Florists' Sundries
irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
 H 8—STORES—8
|HMt_nff St. But,JUy.  ***-*n. J'* Oranvlll* Btreet   Sey. 9B1S-1S.U
151 Hutinfe  Street Weit. Sey.
'SAY IT WITH FLOWERS'
1870
BRAZIL
It is reported that Decree No.
4,168, of December 1, 1925, authorizes the expenditure, by the
State of Brazil, of $17,000, at the
current rate of exchange, for the
buildi,ng of an immigrant receiving station.
COSTA  RIGA
An executive decree was recently issued prohibiting the entrance
of Coolies to Costa Rican territory.
The decree defines a Coolie as "an
East Indian laborers who leaves his
country under a labor contract."
Twenty Polish Workers
Get Long Prison Terms
WARSAW.—Following the May
1st demonstration in 1924, In the
city of Lodz, some 20 members
of the communist party and sympathisers were arrested and accused of attempting to overthrow
the government. After being held
in jail for 18 months theh- trial
took place here recently.
Police were posted all round the
court house while the trial was In
pi-ogress. Only relatives, judges,
lawyers and press representatives
were allowed to enter the building.
On tho stairway leading to the
trial chamber 56 police guards
were posted.
The ages of the accused ranged
between 16 and 23 years at the
time of their arrest, but this fact
did not prevent the judge from
sentencing them to terms of from
18 months to 8 years hard labor,
and loss of civil rights.
Machines Gobble Up
Tobacco Worker Jobs
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
NEW YORK—(FP)—How the
tobacco Industry, with its two billion dollars annual production, is
being put on an automatic basis,
is shown at the Tobacco Show,
running at Grand Central Palace.
Here the latest models of the machines used by American Tobacco,
Mr. R. J. Reynolds, Liggett &
Myers and the rest demonstrate
the methods that huve eliminated
thousands of the old school craftsmen.
Labor displacement has gone
furthest in cigaret making. The
exhibitors estimate that it would
require 1,875, 000 hand makers to
turn out the 75,000,000,000 cigarette of last year. The number of
workers actually employed for the
little smokes was only 21,502 according to the census of manufacturers for 1921 and lt ls probable
the number has lessoned since.
Cigar making also shows revolutionary changes in technic from
the days when Samuel Gompers
organized New York craftsmen In
the seventies. Page Dour
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, Febmiary i$_
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fl SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly, Pageant
DLOCGHS tearing up Granville
Street preparatory to planting lt with "spuds;" the Vancouver Hotel converted Into a silo;
the 0. P. R. station turned into a
stable; the Vancouver Block used
as a hen roost. No, the writer is
not an opium addict. We are simply trying to visualize our corner of
the globe as it might logically appear tp those who believe what
they are told by the ruling caste,
We have been frequently informed
that the new immigration scheme
has been fomuilatd for the- purpose of bringing agriculturists,
but the other night the Daily Province informed us that Vancouver
had beem honored as the future
residence of the first British family to leave for Canada under the
new arrangements. Obviously this
family of "agriculturists" will
either have to farm on one of the
city streets ,or else grow strawberries on the back end of a 33
foot lot.
«   .♦   *
I EVERHULME'S art treasures
have been transported from London to New York to be sold. This
fact is symbolic of the times in
which we live, It is a sign that
the wealth of Britain's leisure
class is waning, and that of the
United States is increasing. America's modern machinery, and mass
production ls wresting the markets of the world from tbe claws
of British exploiters. Tlie march of
tbe forces of production is sounding the death knell of apother
empire. Birth, growth, and decay
marks the progress of empires and
social systems just as it does organic life.
*    »   *
"pANADIANS who left this country for the States are returning rapidly." How frequently
have we been told that during the
past year? Every day lt is drummed Into our ears by the capitalist press. United States Immigration statistics, however, tell another tale. Latest figures are that
59,137 Mexicans and Canadians
entered the U. S. during the six
months ending December 31st,
1925, and of this, number but 2,-
829 returned to both countries.
Whatever else Ave may have In
our midst we certainly do have
a choice crop of liars.
T3ANDOLPH BRUCE, British Co-
lumbla's new Lieutenant-Governor characterizes the British
press as being "scurrilous," a*nd
says that the newspapers of Canada aro on a higher plane. One
wonders whether the gentleman
has ever read the Vancouver Sun.
•TWO THINGS require a pedi-
gree—-cattle and aristocrats.
United States industrial princes
have no recorded pedigree worth
mentioning, but with characteristic persistence mnny of them set
out to acquire one, with sometimes, peculiar results. Lincoln
would probably have bcen the last
person on earth to lay claim to
noble lineage, but now that he is
dead and unable to defend himself some of his malicious admirers
have decided to give him a pedigree dating back to King Tut.
Patronize our advert!***™.
Political Hucksters Decry Bargaining
UOR the first time in history representatives of Canadian
Labor are in a position where they can to some extent influence the politieal party in power, and secure for the workers of Canada a few slightly ameliorative measures. The fact
that they have taken advantage of this situation and asked
Premier King to outline in writing his attitude toward certain
questions, and have placed his replies on Hansard, has aroused the ire of the Conservatives.
Adopting an attitude of angelic purity that unlovely band
who occupy the opposition benches at Ottawa are -vehemently
denouncing the two Labor members and certain Progressives
for bringing (so they aver) parliament into disrepute by "bargaining."
One would need to be sadly lacking in knowledge and intelligence to imagine that these professional hucksters, who have
inherited the mantle of toryism, never, in all their plunder-
bent career, indulged in political trading. They bargained for
power in 1917 when they extended the vote to Canadian soldiers in Pranse, and when they bestowed the franchise on soldier's wives who had never seen Canada, while denying this
right to Canadian women. They have bargained, in season
and out, with financiers for funds, and with workers for votes.
Every election they bedeck themselves with "prosperity"
promises, and place themselves on the bargain counter. The
real trouble is not that the two Labor members bargained, but
that whatever so-called bargaining they may have done placed
the Conservatives at a disadvantage, and also because they did
not follow the traditional practice of-"secret diplomacy," but
made the facts of the case public property.
However, to us it is of small amount whether Labor's parliamentary representatives bargain or not so long as they produce results, and like Oliver Twist, keep on asking for more.
Results are what count.
As for bringing parliament into disrepute, that can be safely left to the apostles of capitalism on both sides of the House.
Anyone who can peruse the pages of Hansard, see the amount
of surface skimming froth it contains, and still retain a respect
for parliament as at present constituted, is a fit subjoct. for
treatment in a psychopathic ward.
Class Divisions in Canada
One of the fictions which the ruling class delight in heralding from the housetops is that there are no class divisions in
this country; that the inhabitants of this "great, free, democratic Canada of ours" are one great family, just as if any
person could help himself to the contents of his neighbour's
back yard whenever he felt like it.
A few days ago this somewhat threadbare illusion was once
again trotted out by R. J. Manion, M. P. for Fort William,
and used by him for speech padding. In the course of his
remarks he said: "It is rather an amusing thing to" liear so
much talk of the masses and classes in this country So far
as I know, and I think I know something of this eountry, there
is no such division among the people of Canada as a division
between the iuhhs- and the classes : ,ve ave all one in
Canada." To this Mr. Porke, Progressive leader, drily replied:
"That is good copy for the Brandon Sun."
The purpose of Manion's statement was.-io help bolster up
the illusion that members of parliament represent all tlie people, but beause an M. P. says so doesn't make it true.
It will take more than one glass of Home Brew to convince
the unemployed and destitute coal miner in Cape Breton that
there exists no class distinction between him and Roy "Wolvin,
or to persuade the underpaid C. P. R. section hand that he
and B. W. Beatty are brothers. It will require more than five
minutes argument to convince the impoverished prairie farmer
that his interests are identical with those who hold the mortgage on his farm, or to make the Coast logger, who has been
blacklisted and chased from pillar to post because he asked
for a clean bed and a shower bath, believe that there is no
difference between the conditions he exists under and that obtaining in the, home of General McRae on Shaughnessy
Heights.
The existence of class distinctions in Canada is not a figment of the imagination.
Listening In
On Ottawa
"MR.   W.  F.  MaoLEAN   (South
iV1 YtTrk): . . . This is "a very
fine Imitation of the palace of
Westminster and of the Gothic
churches of England, but inasmuch
as we are likely to have groups
in this House I think that some
alteration in the arrangement of
our seats here is necessary. .-. ."■
"I am going to name the very
people who are said to be behind it and ask them if their object is to smash the Canadian National  Railways.
"First of all I name the newspapers, the Star, the Herald, and
the others controlled by Lord Atholstan of .Montreal, with which is
also associated that good Tory
newspaper, the Montreal Gazette.
I challenge these papers to say
here and now whether they are
for the Canadian National Railways and public ownership or
whether they are out to smash
them and turn them over~ to the
Canadian Pacific Railway. . . .
"I am not only going to name
Lord Atholstan but I also name
the president of the Bank of Montreal and the president of the
Royal Bank, both of whom are
directors of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company. I am also going to challenge the whole organ,*
tzation of the Canadian Paloific
Railway to say whether or not
they are working today to destroy
the Canadian National Railway
system and put it out of business,
in order to acquire it to their own
company	
• •    •
"Profiteering was one of the
causes of that disastrous war
through which we recently passed.
Hundreds afii thousands of fortunes were made out of that war,
not only ou this continent but also on the continent of Europe,
and that is the menace of the
world today." ....
"We went on building railways
in the west. . . . And this country
today is cursed—and I use this
term advisedly—with a duplication
of railway systems which is absolutely unnecessary and which ls
costing the country today over
two hundred million dollars a
year  .
"The tariff policy which the
people have had to put up with
since 1878 is a diabolical frame-
up between the manufacturers and
politicians for the purpose of
fleecing the home consumer. . . .
"Sir Richard Cartwright said that
the whole business of protection
is robbery, legalized robbery; that
you subsidize the manufacturers
and that the manufacturers in return subsidize you."	
• »    »
Mr.- John Evans (Rosetown,
Sask) ... "A strict silence, too,
has been maintained for many
years by professors of economy in
all our colleges and universities;
these institutions have come under
the icy hand of privilege as completely as every other activity of
this nation. ... I want to speak
on that subject because I see concentrated to my right the representatives of organized industry
and capital. ... In the days of
the war while we produced as
much as eightyffive per cent, of
the world's nickel we did not have
a nickel refinery in Canada worthy of the name. Because of this
lack our enemy was using nickel
produced from Canadian ore and
sold to it by foreign refiners. . . .
"... .The national debt today
could be wiped  out in ten!
with what we are taking fro|
pockets    of    the    workers,
amount   pocketed   by   thoy
whom   this   robbery   was
is  not  by  any  means the
of the evil. . . .
"We would very much ll
have an opportunity of payij
come tax; fcut the evil tq
this concentration of wealth
industry in the hands of ,
who are directing every s_
of the nation. . . .
"Since   1878   we   have
ourselves  over  to  a  set  oi
who are controlling every a
in the country; they control
and everything else, and the;
trol the  lives  of  the worki
this land, ...  I  should  Ilk
people to take to heart thie
that   co-operative   companic
matter   how  much   business!
do   or   whatever. line   of
they distribute, are always
as consumers, and under thl
it  is  forbidden  to  sell anyi
of goods or merchandise to I
operative  company.  This is I
has crippled the co-operative]
panies ln Canada. They arej
pelled   to   go   abroad   tor,
goods,   buying   their   supplil
(Continued on page 6) ]
UNION DIRECTOR!
ALLIED PRINTINO TBADBS C0|
—Mttti ucond Monday in tkt f
Prtildtnt, J. R. Whitt; attrttary,)
Nttltndi.    P. 0. Box 8«. '
FEDERATED    LABOR    PARTY*!
111, 819 Ptndtr Bt. Wtit.
mtitingi lit and Srd Wtdniida]
ingi. R. H. Nttlandi, Chairman]
Morriion, Sae.-Trtai.; Angui III
8544 Princa Edward Strut, V«f
B.O., Oorruponding Steritary.
Any diitrlct in Britiih Columl
ilrlng information rt itourlnf •■
or tht formation of local branchei
ly communicate with Pro.lncialf
tary J. Lylt Ttlford, 624 Birki
Vancouvtr, B.O. Telephono a
1883, or Bayvltw  6630.
BAKERY   SALESMEN,   LOOAL 1
Mttti   ucond   Thunday   averyl
in Holdtn Building. Prtiidtnt, J."
wtll;   financial   itcrctuy,  H.   '
ron, 761 18th site. Eait.
OlVlO   EMPLOYEES'   UNION,
28—Meeta firat and third Frll
the month  at   146  Haitingi  Wl
p.m.     President,   R.   K.   BrowiM
Charlei   St.;   lecretary-treaiurer,;
Harriion, 1182 Parktr St.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PR0T.1
UNION, Local 146, A. F. e_
Mttti In O.W.V.A. Hall, Stvmf
Ptndtr Streeta, aeoond Sunday!
a.m. Preildent, B. 0. Miller, J
•on itreet; secretary, E. A,
ttl Nelion itreet; financial ill
W. E. Willlami, ttl Nelion itrl
ganlicr,  F.  Fletcher,  ttl MtlioiM
THE FEDERATED SEAS
UNION OF CANADA—Heal
at Rooms 6, 6 and 7, Flack 1
168 Haatings Street W., Vancoai
Tel. Sey. S698. President, Jamer
Vice-President, John Lawson; "
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson.
Branch, Room 11, Green BlocK
Street, Victoria, B. 0.    Phone
TYPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No]
Prtildtnt, R. P. Ptttlpltct; vl
ldtnt, 0. F. Oampbtll; leeretaj
urtr, R. H. Nttlandi, P.O. **
Mttti laat Sunday of tack men
p.m. In Holdtn Building, 16 Hat]
PRINOE RUPERT TYPOGRAta
UNION, No. 418—Prtiidtnt,«
Maedonald; iierttarj-triaiurir, _M
Campbell, P.O. Box 68t. Ill
Thunday of taeh montk. '**m
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* *^_.______._._. Jifiday, February 12, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
The Week at Ottawa
Garment Workers Rally
To Coal Strikers Aid
LISTENING IN ON OTTAWA
(Continued from Page 1)
I.The Conservatives expressed
lemselves bitterly with regard to
lie action of the Progressives. Ap-
fcrently they have given up all
»pe* of winning any of them to
jieir side, so now they are de-
nuncing the Government for
aying bought them over. The
lime attitude is taken, only in a
fss degree, with regard to the La-
or group. The following extract
|fom the speech of Mr. Bennett of
Eilgary illustrates the restlessness
tthe old parties under what they
frm. ''the dictatorship of the mingles,"
^"Now  sir,  five  short  days  ago,
ive short days ago, the Prime
tester of Canada in a letter re-
is to an interview he had with
le hon. gentleman who repre-
ents Winnipeg North Centre arid
Us colleague from North Winnipeg, and he merely says- this:
Phat you ask you get.'       Have
Iarliamentary institutions fallen
o low that our Criminal Code
to be amended, that a gov-
rnment may remain in power?
las    democracy    sunk    so    low
Ihat   the   Immigration   Act   and
he    Naturalization    Act    are    lo
ie   amended   to   enable   a   government to call itself such?    That
the aspect of the matter which
put to lion, gentlemen.   Read tne
paragraph    from    Mr.  Mackenzia
ting's letter to which I have reference:
' 'With respect to amendments
lo (a) the Immigration Act, (b)
lhe Naturalization Act, and (c)
|he Criminal Code, which were re-
erred to at the time of our interview, I would say that having
Ilnce taken up the proposed amendments with the ministers concerned, I feel I am In a position
assure you that legislation on
iiese  matters  will also  be intro-
Iuced in the course of the present
ession.'
. .Let'me put this to my hon.
|riends   oposite:   Did   the   Liberal
arty decline to become a party to
bat legislation  for  the  last  four
tears?    Tes or no?    The answer
it declined.   Has it now agreed
it?     The   answer   is,   it   has.
fh.en?    Five days, ago."
After all,  is it a crime that a
|ertain section of the House should
hduce  the  government  to  intro-
J|uce legislation  on  which  it  had
irevlously declined to take action?
Bourassa's   Opinion
Later in the debate Mr. Bour-
ssa  put  the  situation  very  succinctly:
"Hon. gentlemen have expressed
Iheir feelings of horror at the idea
t what may have passed between
ne government,    the   Progressive
►roup and even my good neighbors
lo   my   right   (Labor   members),
j'robably because  I am an  older
parliamentarian    than    many    of
them, I am not very much scan-
pallzed at that.    On the contrary,
think what is going on now is
ireating a very good, a very heal-
:hy precedent.    Let jne put It in
ioncrete form without any inten-
ion   of   offending   anybody.     It
ooks to me as if the Progressive
party were supplying some of the
principles of legislation and as if
ny hon. friends to my right were
lupplying other principles. Before
lhe session is over, I may also supply some principles of policy.   The
anc.tion of the Liberal party will
e to supply votes to uphold those
rinciples.    It will be a very hap-
y combination.   It will put a new
nd broadening spirit into an old
iarty and give a practical strength
f action to new groups.
Labor in Politics
The    Conservatives,    of   course,
feel much aggrieved that Labor
n the House cannot be induced to
see that protection is the only
policy that should appeal to Labor.
Mr. Church of Toronto, speak?
very regretfully about this: referring to Labor men he said:
"I respect them personally, but
who authorized those two gentlemen to call themselves the Labor
party, and to say that they represent the working classes? The
fact that they call themsleves the
Labor party doesn't make them a
Labor party. They do not represent the working classes of the
city of Winnipeg, I may tell them,
let alone the working classes from
coast to coast in this country.'
Mr. Church then went on to eulogize Mr. Gompers:
"He did not believe in a Labor
party; he believed in working
within the two great political parties in the United States."
Mr. Church, like most of his
Toronto confreres, can conveniently forget to follow up the lead of
Great Britain in which the Labor
party has adopted an entirely different policy and we take it a
much more successful one.
* * ♦
A Few Truths
As the two old parties berate
one another, we sometimes havo
glimpses of the true situation
which prevails in many parts of
our country.
Mr. Bell of Hamilton, spoke of
the conditions which prevailed in
his own City:*
"I saw in that same city on Saturday Inst—a long- line of jobless,
hungry, half-starved men lined up,
blocks long, outside the quarter!,
of lhe Salvation Army, waiting
lor the little bit of food lhat could
be doled out to tliem day by day.
Sir, I have been informed by those
whose word I cannot doubt ln the
mailer that that condition litis existed week after'week, year after
year now, and that it shows no
prospect of abatement or improvement. Yet we are told by hon.
members opposite that this country is in a state of prosperity!
But thc matter rests not only
there. It bcuunie my unhappy experience only on Saturday last to
learn of some people on tlie hillside outside the city I am speaking of, who had gone out there to
collect (lie dried grass that lli*s
nlong the hill face and carry it
home with tliem as their only fuol
to burn in their stoves to prevent
them from freezing. When I came
across that in the case of a half-
starved family, I found by inquiry
lhat that is the daily practice not
of tens, not of scores, but of hundreds of people, all of whom are
willing nnd anxious to obtain
work, but who can get nothing to
do In that city of normally 150,000
people."
If only a visitor from some 6th-
civilization could see with unprejudiced eyes the misery and poverty of large groups of our people, and on. the other h ear the
prosperity of the banks and the
tru!*-s, and then watch the senseless party warfare that absorbs
the energies of the representatives of the people, he might
well conclude that we were all
mad.
«    ♦    «
Steveps' Charges
Mr. Stevens' charges may have
been somewhat exaggerated. The
prosecution was perhaps dramatic rather than sincere, nevertheless here we find a revelation
of conditions that may well startle Canadians out of their complacency.
Mr.  Stevens  said:
"I find runing all through this
thing like a slimy, evil influence
the name of an individual Bis-
sillon, and I am going to examine a little into this man's record. . . . The worst of crooks,
he is the intimate of ministers,
the petted favorite of this government. The recipient of a moderate salary, he rolls in wealth and
opulence, a typical debauched
and   debauching, public   official."
He describes still another official:
"This   man's   qualifications,   Mr.
NEW YORK—(FP)—Following
the Amalgamated Clothing Work*-
ers appeal to. its members to contribute at least one hour's pay
each to the striking anthracite
miners, Golden Rule Nash aald
that for every dollar his 4,000 unionised employes contributed he
would add another dollar.
Fifty thousand dollars for miners' relief is believed to be the
minimum that will be contributed
by Amalgamated men—so says a
statement from union headquarters. That this is a conservative
estimate is indicated by the record
of   .100,000 in the steel strike.
The International Ladles' Garment Workers' Union virtually assures 1100,009 for the anthracite
strikers by a compulsory hour's
pay from each of its 70,0.00 New
York members and an appeal to
its out-of-town locals to make up
the remainder. .
Millinery workers, cloth hat and
cap workers, were early in the
field with donations from their
various local unions and the fur
workers will contribute substantial sums If they are not Involved
in a general strike of their own.
Patronize our advertisers.
Speaker, were simply a superb
incompetence coupled with an
elastic official conscience. He is
a faithtul political tool, nothing
else. Why, they assigned one of
the leading civil servants of Montreal to sit side by side with this
man Clark to do the routine work
while Clark was carrying on the
criminal part in association with
Bissillon, covering up the track.-,
keeping the officers here and
there where they would be most
useful to the smuggling ring....
the smuggling along the border
points; regular truck lines daily,
openly, brazenly, within tho
knowledge of everybody that
lived in the community, passing
backwards and forwards; liquor
south, egs north; silks, jewelry,
cigarettes in egg cases, cottons,
yes, prison made overalls and cotton goods from the United States
—coming not only in truck loads,
but in carloads,; carloads of liquor going out and carloads of
merchandise coming in, running
into hundreds of millions of dollars. . . . coming in as finished
articles and being marketed by
a ring of business men. I said
a moment ago that they were
known. If I read the list there
is scarcely an hon. gentleman on
the government benches who
would not recognize every flrir
The arch conspirators, the chie'
smugglers, the men who deal in
millions, will not be prosecuted.
These great trucks at this hour
while I am talking are crossing
the boundary in a dozen places
backwards and forwards, well
known to hon. gentlemen—a veritable joke in the community—
roaring clean acros the boundary,
never thinking of stopping, privileged characters, every truck
loaded with contraband—all of
this  known."
Probably the most serious aspect of the situation was not that
recounted by Mr. Stevens, but the
fact that when he spoke of smuggling and rum-running on the
Atlantic coast he was greeted
with derisive cheers and counts*-
cheers as members openly Indicated their fellow members on
both sides of the House, who, according to common report, aro
financially interested ln boats
carrying on illicit traffic of this
i character. The spectacle was not
edifying.
Four o'clock ln the morning;
bitter party invective. Divisions
over points of . rder that have no
meaning beyond that of party advantage—is this the way our
problems are to be solved? The
wonder is that the people are so
patient,
(Continued from Page 4)
foreign countries, and they are
subject to the Dumping Act. The
cooperative company being classed
as a consumer has to pay, under
the Dumping Act, a duty equal to
all (he profits of the other classes
above him, that is to say, the retailer, the wholesaler the dealer,
the jobber or the manufacturer,
as well as the difference in price
between what the foreign manufacturer charges and what the
Canadian    manufacturer   says    it
ought, to   be I  submit  to
the House that this is the most
diabolical piece of legislation ever
enacted in modern times. ... It
was not until 1922 that It completely covered every line of merchandise that the consumer needs,
even to his daily bread. That
amendment passed this House by
the combined strength, of the Liberal and Conservative parties
against the solid vote of the Progressives. ... It is as true today
as when Lincoln uttered these
words in reference to his own
country, that this nation cannot
live  with   one-half  free  and  the
other'half slaves	
"We m,ust get rid of the thing
in our midst, class legislation—
class privilege—which is dividing
the different classes, the different
vocations and the various geographical areas of this Dominion.
.... Parliament is a disgrace; it
has been reduced to nothing better than a plunderbund, and government has become a mercenary
scramble."
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THE*CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, February 12, 19
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
A WELL attended meeting of the
Federated Seafarers' Union of
Canada was held at the headquarters in the Flack Building,
163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver. The financial report was
read to the meeting and accepted,
subject to the auditor's approval,
on the motion of Brothers Kennedy and Borland. Several applications were accepted by the meeting, including two transfers from
other   organizations.
Many vessels had been visited
by the delegates who reported
■hat everything pointed to a better year than 1925. Many enquiries were made regarding the opening up of a branch in Eastern
Canada. The' fund has a good
start, and it is hoped that efforts
will be successful to get started
by the 15 th of April.
The Secretary reported that he
had had a visit from the secretary of the N.S.F.U. of Canada,
regarding amalgamation of that
body with the . F.S.U. of Canada,
which is very likely to materialize.
A committee was appointed to look
into u7e matter and report a:
next meeting which will be held
on Friday, February 19th. Letters
are to be sent to officials at San
Francisco  afiir Chicago.
Letters were received from the
S.S. Canadian Trooper and the S.S.
Canadian Planter, with complaints
of conditions aboard the vessels.
Joe Butt and others aboard the
S.S. City of Vancouver, have been
notified that their places on that
ship are "to be taken by Chinese.
This matter is to be taken up
with the Coughlan interests, as
the Chinese were given a hand by
the organization to maintain better conditions than they had before in other vessels, and inow
they are taking the place of the
whites for less money on the
Coughlan ship. Some form of unity that is best for the Chinese
evidently and Coughlans of course.
The question of taking a bundle
order of the Labor Advocate, was
brought up at the meeting and according to the motion of Brothers
Borland and Kennedy, a supply Is
to be taken weekly which will
help boost the activities of the paper, which is recognized as the
best labor paper that has been
printed for some time in the interests of the workers in general.
The bundle rate is to begin ln the
month of March,
A report of the S.S. Famous, as
qpe of the small fleet that is
trying to cheapen the living of
seamen sailing from British Columbian ports, low wages is to be
taken up with the Berquist Company. The men on tbis ship are
changing continuously, owing _ to
the method of overtime that exists on tbat vessel.
It was decided to give Mr.
Woodsworth Dominion, M.P., full
details of conditions as they effect
seamen sailing from Canadian
ports. According to a report from
an Eastern ship, which was in
port the other day, was looking
for _nep at the rate of twenty-
five cents a month have been recorded . at the shipping office.
Still we must have more immigrants for the farm and if there
is no work for them then we
will get them as sailors on ships
at the fate of twenty-five cents a
month. The Liberals are truly
running true to form.
Several cases were adjusted by
the F.S.U. of Canada, In connection with claims for compensation during the past month. The
assests of the organization during
the month of January, 1926, exceeded the month of January, 1925
and more members were obtained
than were obtained in the previ-
MAIL LIST
Bates, H.; Beckett,'H,; Branni-
gan, J.; Bell,. A.; Coll, A.; Crocker, L. R.; IUot, G. W.; Jones, T.;
oJnes, R. N.,- Jensen, B.; Law-
son, ijf.; Love, W. T.; Maekay,
J.; Matthews, R.; Maddlgan, M.;
McCann, J,; McLeod, M.; McLean,
L.; McDonald, J.; Hall', Millar;
Pugh, A. E.;. Ogden, A. W.;
Starr, J.; Worrall, W.; Warren, S.
Farm Bankruptcy
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
"-TVEiE great agricultural plant of
A America is running down at a
dangerous pace. This trend cannot go on long until there is a
shortage of food, with abnormal
and unnecessarily high prices to
the  consumers  of  food.    I  agree
Notes From the Camps
Lumber Workers Join
New Independent Union
■ GRAY'S HARBOR, Wash —
(FP)—More than 1,200 lumber
that our rural civilization is in a workers are now enrolled In the
perilous state. I agree with men paciflo Coast Lumber Workers
who say our nation cannot long of America, a new unic-n inde-
survive the decay of its agricul- Pendent of existing unions in the
ture." industry.    The    Aberdeen    Labor
This is the view expressed by council is assisting the organiza-
Frank O. Lowden, son-in-law to tion and will also help float the
the Pullman millions, at a dinner new u,nion organ, the Pacific Coast
of the Economic Club in New Lumber Workers journal. Harry
York. Lowden said that although Harmon, Jess Newlngham and E.
the year 1924-25 was belter lor B* Wieland are the officers,
the farmer than any of ihe four Tha International Union of Tim-
preceding years, his return on his ber Workers, the former A.F. of
capital, after a low wage allowance I***** union, disbanded in 1923. The
was deducted, was only 3.6 per Industrial Workers of the World
cent, without deduction lor dcpre- have regularly maintained an or-
ciation of farm improvements or ganization among the loggers. A
depletion of soil. With due al- company known as the 4-L is still
lowance for these factors all re- active in the Pacific north-west,
turn would disappear.  ; —
For the five years ending with
1924, he said, the farmer's return
was 3-10 of 1 per cent. The farmer's capital also is decreasing.
This view is suported in a review of the agricultural situation
in the northwest by the Minnt.-
apolis Federal Reserve bank. The
bank's figures show nearly three
times as many farmer bankruptcies in Minnesota, North and
South Dakota, and Montana in the
four years 1922-25 as in the entire twelve preceding.
Prior to 1922 the largest number
of farm bankruptcies in any year
was 269 in 1917.    In 1922 the ii-
Truth About Russia
MYRTLE   POINT
The Blodel Welsh and Ste]
camps at Myrtle Point continu
occupy' their position as a
porary haven of refuge fori
"short stake" tnafi. This com!
at least provides a man whl
broke with a place where he[
earn a few dollars with whioH
continue the search for ano]
Job.
Numbers of men quit every
day; twenty-three men came i_
from  camp  2  on the  night
correspondent quit.
Fallers and buckers have a ;
show- there, and never a
leaves without carrying- a gani
two of them.
The camps are crowded to*
erf lowing,  and some are sleejj
in tents. Some prefer this as
of   the   bunkhouses   are   Infest
with bugs. Wages here are on
par  with   the   lowest   paid   e|
where in the B. C. woods.
(Continued  from  page  1)
individual a more real and reasonable opportunity of participating in public affairs, than does
parliament or party systems."
From the following facts it is
evident that the study of Soviet
Russia, and organization of the
workers in its defence, is a most
imperative demand for in almost
every Issue of our daily press we
see the infamous war propaganda which tells of an attempt be-
LONDON.—Six members of
Amalgamated   Union   of   Build
Trade Workers were granted
cards" by the Union executive]
its   meeting,   in   appreciation
their long membership.
Four of the six have been me[
bers of the Union for 50 yetj
and the other two have a
longer membership, one havl
joined in 1871 and the other J
1874.
American Papers Still
Fake Russian Atrocities
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEOO snd
BOB KKAU8E
Latt 5_tli Batt. and 72nd Batt.
WASHINGTON—(FP) — Under
the headline Communists Take Revenge, the Washington Star publishes a photograph of a church
in ruins, ahd beneath the picture
explains that the reds are demolishing the great cathedral of the
Russian Orthodox church in War-
Saw, in order that no trace may
remain of the old regime,
hundred realized that Warsaw is
the capital of the white terrorist
government of Poland, and that
the demolition of this cathedral
was ordered by that government
as an act of anti-Russian rather
than anti-clerical symbolism.
i .    . n„   .u     .   , ion   inS  organized  to destroy the So-
gure jumped to 679, then to 1,420     . __.,,      ,,       ;■■•■*-..
7    i_-_   loon  t„  -io.,1 „„..  , _in\Tiet   Republic,    the    feared   and
in* 1923, 1,999 in 1924 and 1,810 •*.   .  . , ,        ,.*,_,
,.__.     Ls.    ■_•■'_'■■_■"-■        ,,,„.    hated enemy of imperialistic cap-
in 1926.    The total from 1910 to  ltall
Russia today is the Hope of the
World, it is the beacon light to all
_              ,  ,    ., subject people,    and    exploited
decrease of over 5 per cent, in the .    „_ :_.      , .      .,,
. *. „  .... "   v .,-■          . classes, the  rising tide  of  revolt
acreage of all  lands in farms in „_.„.. ,          ,               ...
these   states   between   1.920   and  ZTlZti       * t TlT        T
overproduction,     /together     with
the shinning example of what the
workers of these Socialist Republics are doing. The increasing
economic stability and power of
Russia makes it a case of now or
never for the overthrow of this
growing danger to the robber
class.
The League of Nations will now
be able to effect a concerted invasion of the Workers' Republic,
providing there ' are sufficient
workers available to carry oht
what would be the greatest crime
in history. The opinion of those
who understand the situation is
that the attempt will soon be
made.
Tchicherin, the Russian foreign
minister, has recently disclosed
that the Locarno Pact is a preparation for a crusade against
Soviet Russia. Among the promoters of this "War for Democracy" is Lloyd George. In a recent issue of the "Washington
Star" he says: "Russia ls a hostile
and   antaganostic   nation,   at   war
1921 inclusive was 2,196.   The last
four years show 5,908.
The bank's figures also show a
1925. The average acreage per
farm declined in Minnesota, North
Dakota and South Dakota, but increased materially in Montana.
The most striking change shown
is a decrease of about 40 per cent,
in the value of farm lands in these
four states.
The object of the Dickinson bill
which has the backing of the farm
organizations is to put co-operatively organized farmers on a par
with the big industries in dealing
with "the export surplus. Through
a farm board of directors ths surplus crops, when necessary, can be
sold to the foreign market at a
loss to be made good by assessing
an equalization fee on all producers.
Who   I«   BILL   HUNGERFORD fj
Ask Any Labor Han.
STANFORD
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Housekeeping  and   Transient
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"Bill" Hungerford snd M. Oan
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American Federation to
Invade South America
WASHINGTON— (FP)—Santiago Iglesias, secretary of Pan-
American    Federation    of   Labor
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
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Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
'The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make • Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Oorner Oordova and Oarrall
Vancouver, B.O.
and   Socialist   senator   in   Porto  with civilization.    She is a danger
Rico,     says    funds     have    been   and   a  menace   not   only  to   her
pledged for an invasion of South   neighbors,  but in all quarters of
American republics by the federa-   the globe."
tion. This christian gentleman thinks
By this move, the P. A. F. of the league of nations may succeed
i__.', headed by' William Green, where even his British blockade
hopes to make good its promise failed. The late B. D. Morel, in
that a Monroe doctrine of labor one of his last addresses in the
would be established in this hem- House of Commons, presented
isphere as against the Amsterdam facts and figures showing that
international federation of trade Lloyd George, while Premier, en-
unions. Iglesias hopes to arouse dorsed the spending of nearly
the workers in Central and South "£200 million sterling in attempt-
America to maintain higher stan- Ing to smash Soviet Russia, by
dards of living and to establish subsidizing civil war, and by
real trade unions capable of crea- blockade which destroyed tens of
ting a public opinion independent   thousands of innocent people."
of the adventures of military lead- 	
ers and political dictators. Ho TOLEDO.—(FP)Central Labor
pictures the condition of the work- Union officers have divided Toledo
ers in most of the southern re- |nt0 ioo districts to aid canvassing
publics as little removed from for the sale of $2S0,000 of Labor
feudalism). Temple bonds to wipe out a mort-
  gage In non-labor hands and com-
The right arm of Labor ls a plete payment. Every unionist
strong press. Add power to this will be solicited at his home. The
arm by subscribing to THE CAN- bonds are sold on the small pay-
ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE. ment plan.
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EiUbllih.il in VMoonvor la MM]
68  CORDOVA STREET W.j iday, February 12,1926
THE CANADIAN* LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
rims Lloyd George
lay Join Labor Party
|ONDON.—Will  Lloyd  George
from   the   almost  defunct
Y-l Party and join the Labor
[at possibility exists according
article in a recent edition of
f. Sunday Worker," written by
tin stated to be of the "highest
Jrrlty, and with access to the
fest    councils   of   the    Labor
b* tt
Hting of Lloyd George this
bspondent says:. "The Wizard
Preparing to join the Labor
-and to lead the Labor
i
Resourceful,     audacious,     un-
Siulous, he sees that this ls his
chance of returning to office
to  power.    The   Tory  party
i none of him and the Lib-
Party is dead. . . .
can—he retekons—outplay
[tacticians, outginger the ..ginger
\p. He can show the Right
how to plot, and the Left
how to fight. He can fling
livid, vital personality into a
lement which lacks, at the mo-
It, off all things precisely that
|1ty of leadership which He can
supply. . . .
th spite of all denials, it is
tiitely true that, through -sev-
I channels, he has been irfaking
(lous, but exhaustive, enquiry,
reconnoitering the ground,
r,ln spite of a half-hearted re-
or two, here and there, he
I not been dissatisfied with the
Its.
Ie has sounded the Right Wing
lhe has sounded the Left Wing.
Jhas   private  talks   with <Mjc-"
|ild—in resorts more secluded
behind the  Speaker's chair.
nade an approach to Wheatley,
fch was only rebuffed  by the
teness of that politician.    To
he poses as an ally against
lother."
leaking,   of      the     outcome,
lid Lloyd George be successful,
[writer concludes:    "Then God
.the Labor Party.    He might
tit to the left today,  to the
''tomorrow, as occasion served
Amalgamations In Britain
(British   Labor.Press  Service)
In't fprget! Mention the Ad-
|te when buying.
EXCAVATING CONTEAOTOES
\z undermentioned -will reoeive bids
J>r excavating at. Franklin School
loon Saturday, February 13, 1926.
Ir plans and specifications apply
|il Board  office.
Ivest or any tender not necessarily
Itetd,
I B.   G.   WOLFE-MEftTON,
I Secretary Vancouver Sohool Board.
OITT OP VANCOUVBtt
3NDERS FOB DRUGS
UNDERSIGNED will receive
j'nders up to 12 o'clock Satur-
Jthe 20th day of February. 1926,
lie supply of drugs for the different
{departments for one year. Forms
"sr cnn be obtained at my office,
cheque payable to tho city of
jitiver in the sum of $100 to ac-
any   tender.
JAMJ5S    STUART,
Purchasing Agent
of Vancouver, February 8. 1926
OITT  OF  VANCOUVER
tourt of Revision.
IE   NOTIOE   that   the   Assessment
1)11 of all rateable property In the
(of   Vancouver,   which   will   form
V.sis of municipal  taxation for tho
Il926,   has   heen   returned   to   me
Issuance  of  the  provisions  of   the
louver   Incorporation   Act,   1921,"
hat  the   same   may   be   inspected
offices   of  the  Assessment  Com-
ner,    Oity   Hall,    Vancouver,    be-
, the hours  of 9  o'clock a.m. and
Ion  each  day,   and   that  the  first
Ig of the Court of Revision to re-
Jqualize and correct the same, will
fid on Friday, February 26th, 1926,
o'clock  in  the  forenoon,   in   the
|ll     Chamber,   at   the   City    Hall,
Street,  Vancouver.
the   said   meeting   all   complaints
st the assessment  as made by the
jfcor,   which   shall   have   been   re-
by me at least seven clear days
to  the  date of the  said meeting,
ibe  heard.
WILLIAM  McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
I Hall, Vancouver,  B.C.,
Mary  15th,   1926.
T ONDON.—Much interest has
*-* been excited by the announcement that negotiations for amalgamation are on foot between the
Transport and General Workers'
Union and the National Union of
General  and   Muhicipal   Workers,
'.he'se two bodies reported to
the last Trades Union Congress,
at Scarborough, a total membership of 300,000 and 326, 000 respectively, so that the combined
strength of the two Unions, if
amalgamation is consummated,
will be more than 626,000 members, a figure exceeded by the
Miners'  Federation alone.
The rise of the transport workers' organization is one of the
romances of the Trade Union
movement. Looking back, one gets
the Impression from the official
records that the Union sprang
suddenly into existence, like Minerva, fully armed, from the head
of Jove, without any preliminary
gestation.
The Union does ntit appear in
the list of affiliated Unions in the.
Congress report for 19_!l; but it
is there in the next year's report,
with an aggregate membership Of
300,000—artd a host df smaller
bodies in that group of Unions
that figured ih the i921 report
are no longer enumerated: they
have been absorbed,
Great Achievement
It was a great achievement to
bring together ln one organization
almost at a stroke more than a
dozen Unions, and to weld them
into a genuine fighting force
under unified leadership. But even
more remarkable has been the
steady extension of the range of
the Transport Workers' organization and its success in combining
in a bighly specialised departmental administration so many
different grades and classes of
transport and general labor.
The complexity of the administrative work of the Union ls only
partially indicated by the group
activities recorded month By
month in its official organ. These
cover inland waterways, roa.d
transport (passenger and commercial), docks, wharves and quays,
administrative, supervisory and
clerical, and general labor groups.
New bodies are being drawn in,
and their ' entrance broadens the
scope of the Union's work.
■ Thus, within the last few weeks,
the strength of the Union has
been increased by the adherence
of the National Union of Engln-
inemen, Firemen, Mechanics and
Electrical Workers, with a membership of more than 22,000. Organization among the power
workers has developed apace
within the last two decades.
Before the trade slump, at the
end of 1920, this Union, which
now forms the nucleus of the
Power Group bf the Transport
Workers' organization, had a
membership of more than 40,000.
It brought together by a series of
amalgamations between 1898 and
1919 a large number of very small
local societies of enginemen and
firemen, and geographically it
covers a wide area.
Effective   Leadership
There appears to be no limit
to the possibilities of extension
lying before the Union which Mr.
Ernest Bevin so ably capta'ns.
The negotiations now on foot with
the General Workers, Unloa wi(l
mean a very substantial Increase
in the effective organizntion of
un-skilled and semi-skill.*, workers. Only a year ago th« National
Union of General Workers was
enlarged by the amalgamation
of the Municipal Employees' Union, with a membership of 40,000.
In administrative ability or affective leadership these powerful
aggregations of not easily organized Labor now challenge com
parison with the strongest and
most skilfully constructed Unions
in existence—though they wero
the last to begin. Thoy have
grown up almost within the lifetime of their youngest member,
and the pioneers who did the
foundation work are still active in
leading them to greater heights
of  achievement.
Trade Unionism has good reason for pride in the industrial
statesmanship which has produced
within a period of less than five
years, a body like the Transport
and General Workers' Union. But
a deeper emotion than pride is
stirred by the thought of the
older men who have striven to
Create among the mass of general workers the permanent and
stable organization that exists today.    •
Facing almost every conceivable
handicap of poverty and social
disadvantage, With nothing but
their own native abilities, capacity
to learn, and resolute will, they
have made possible the wider success which are being wort today.
South Wales Bosses
Request More Police
CARMARTHEN.—The Carmarthenshire Standing Joint Committee has been considering the application of Chief Constable Picton
Phillips- for an increase in the
strength of the county police force.
The chief constable stated tbat
the Amman Valley was honeycombed with sedition and that
Communism had gained a very
strong hold ,on the miners.
It was, he said, no good treating seditionists as misguided idealists—they must be held back by
force.
Labor members of the committee protested that poverty was the
cause of discontent amongst the'
miners; sending them to prison
ahd increasing the police force
would not solve the problem.
The protest was disregarded,
and a sub-committee has been set
up with power to appoint additional police.
Feeling among the mining population is running very high at
this latest evidence of the repressive measures to be expected next
May.   _
London Trades Council
Adopts Militant Policy
LONDON.—The London Trades
Council on January 14 adopted an
important resolution to the following effect:
"We request the London Trades
Council to convene a conference
of all local trades councils in the
Greater M e t r o p o 1 ita n area,
whether affiliated or otherwise, to
discuss and decide action on the
following matters: (1) The relation between the Trades Councils
and the T.U.C. General Council.
(2. to organize working contracts
with all local trades councils, (8)
to work for and establish factory
and workshop committees; (4) organization of women workers In
industry; (5) establishment of
working contracts and agreements
between the Trades Councils anl
the   Co-operative   Societies."
A further resolution was passed
to call a conference of Lab.r representatives of various bodies
(Boards of Guardians, Borough
Councils, etc.), together with delegates from trades councils and
municipal workers' welfare, committees, to consider joint action on
the question of wages, hours, and
the threatened surcharges of Borough Councils and Boards of Guardians, and that district committees
of the various trade unions, having members affected, also be ir.-
vlted  to send  representatives.
It was also decided that all affiliated organizations be requested
to participate in the demonstration
tor release of the prisoners at
Clapham Common on February 7,
and to take part in the march to
Wandsworth Prison.
Amsterdam Secretary
Makes Unity Statement
LONDON—A good deal of discussion has been aroused through
the publication, ln the Amsterdam
paper, tho "Teiegraaf," of an interview witn J. W. Brown, the
secretary of the International
Federation of Trade Unions, on
the subject of International unity.
The interview has been widely reprinted in the Labor press of several countries.
In the interview, the Secretary
of the Amsterdam International
declared that there was much
misunderstanding among Continental Labor leaders of the proposals of the British trade unionists
for an unconditional conference
with the Russians. He stated that
such a conference would be the
logical sequel to the Vienna reolu-
tion, and not in oppoition to it, as
some had stated.
Brown also said that the Berlin
Anglo-Russian conference was the
proper consequence of the decisions of the Scarborough Trades
Union Congress. He also refuted
the statement, widely circulated
by certain Continental opponents
of unity, that the British leaders
were there unofficially. He emphasized the fact that they participated in the conference as accredited representatives of the
British trade union movement.
Brown also pointed out that the
Finnish, Norwegian, Japanese,
and also, probably, the Mexican
trade union bodies would affiliate
internationally as soon as unity is
achieved and the Russian unions
brought into one united International.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
Durham Miners Idle
Since Last August
LONDON.—A series of conferences between workers and employers of the St. Hilda Colliery
Durham, which has been idle
since' August last, has definitely
failed.
Over two thousand five hundred men are involved in the dispute.
It will be remembered a claim
by the strikers, for unemployment
benefit was allowed by the umpire on the ground that situations
rendered vacant by a stoppage of
work could not be construed as
"suitablo employment" for the
men engaged In the dispute.
Two Thousand Workers
Apply for Six Jobs
LONDON.—The English Texi-
lose Company recently advertised
for six  unskilled workmen.
Applicants began to arrive at
6 a.m. the next morning, and by
9:30 a crowd of 2,000 had gathered, only to be informed that the
vacancies had been filled overnight.
Now won't the dope Press be
sorry they said the unemployed
were shirkers who didn't really
want work. Yes, they won't—
with pictures on the back page.
The right arm of Labor Is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Transport and General
Workers Plan Fusion
LONDON.—A plan for the amalgamation of two of the largest
trade unions in the country was
discussed in London recently when
the executive of the Transport
and General Workers,' Union met
the executive of the National Union of General aad Municipal
Workers. The negotiations are at
present in the preliminary stage,
and, as many details have yet to
be discussed, further meetings will
be held.
The General Workers' Union, of
which J. R. Clynes, M.P., is president, and Will Thorne secretary,
has already greatly increased its
membership by amalgamations,
and the Transport Workers' Union
has similarly built up a large
membership. A fusion of the two
unions would produce a joint
membership of 600,000, and render
the organization the largest single
union in this country, and one of
the largest in the world.
Say you saw It advertised; in the
"Advocate".
BRUNSWICK
Announces the world's greatest advance in record
making
THE NEW
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3007 "Show Me the Way to Go Home"
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2994 "That Certain Party" Fox Trots by Isham
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2998 "Sleepy Time Gal" New Hits played by Ben Bernie's
"A Little Bit Bad" Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
3031 "Miami" A1* Jolson with Carl Fenton's
"You Forgot to Remember" Orchestra
and many others now on sale—75c—play on any phonograph
The Kent Piano Company, 339 Hastings St. W.
Ross-Wightman Company, 846 Granville Street
Mc-Gill-Sparling Limited', 718 Robson Street
I Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, February 12,1926
- BOOK   REVIEW -
Oar Open Forum
UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES UP
'nOBfciRT W. DUNN has written
*- a volume which he calls
"American Foreign Investment?,"
in which is explained, in dollars,
the importance to the American
State Department of developments
political and economic in Mexico,
Colombia, Porto Rica, Ecuador,
China, the Dutch Bast Indies and
in various countries of Europe. It
is a book filled with suggestive
facts, and which gives for the first
time a clear picture of Wall
Street's new position in the world
—the almost-dominant moneylender of the post-war era. Bankers' loan contracts are printed in
full, with numerous extracts from
treaties, orders by the American
military commanders in occupied
Latin American countries, and
other evidences of the manner in
which these loans are riveted upon
backward peoples and thus become
a special concern of American diplomacy.
What Dunn has shown is that
American foreign investments
have reached a net total of ten
billion dollars, In addition to the
eleven billions of government war
loans outstanding. This stands in
contrast to the fact that the
United States was a debtor nation
to the extent of three billions in
1913—a change of twenty-four
billions in a little over twelve
years, and a change of thirteen
billions if the entire sum of the
war debt is ignored.
■ In the year 1924, American
bankers handled seventy-eight
loans for foreign governments and
twenty-eight loans for foreign corporations. These latter were
either in thc form of bonds or of
issues of capital stock, but in both
cases the bankers Invited American investors to plant their capital abroad. Investors did so. In
that one year the major public issues of securities sold by the
bankers in this country for
foreign governments and corporations reached a total of more
than $1,000,000,000. Dunn says
that it is a safe assertion that
American citizens have invested
abroad at the rate of no less
than    $1,000,000,000   a   year   In
crease over pre-war exportation
of capital.
As this analysis of American
money-flow toward other countries is published, Oen. Emiliano
Chamorro seizes the presidency of
Nicaragua in the face of warnings that the State Department
cannot recognize a regime founded upon a forceful coup. He announces that he will restore the
arragnements with Brown Brothers—set forth ln Dunn's volume
—which were abolished by the
constitutional Liberal government
that now has fallen. He summons
the American high commissioner
in charge of Nicaraguan finances,
whose job had likewise been
threatened by the legally elected
government. He assures the commissioner that American bankers'
interests will henceforth be looked
after  more   sympathetically.
In Mexico City the enactment
>f the Mexican petroleum and
alien land laws is protested by the
American government, as being
confiscatory of American .^property
rights. Dunn- shows that American oil companies own about 60
per cent, of all of the petroleum
Industry in Mexico, or near $600,-
000,000 of it. Out of $500,000,000
involved in the mining and smelting industry, the American share
is $300,000,000. In Mexican rail-
broads the American holdings are
$200,000,000. Altogether Americans claim ownership of nearly
$1,300,000,000 of property in
Mexico.
More astonishing is the tabulation of American investments in
Cuba. Excluding all gjvernmcnt
loans, the list totals $1,250,000,000,
of which $750,000,000 represents
sugar properties. This '.filers a
hint as why Gen. Enoch Crowder
sent to Havana as high commissioner and then as ambassador,
is nicknamed in Washington the
Sugar Ambassador.
The Viking Press, 30 Irving
Place, New York, publishes this
volume. It will prove popular in
public libraries, where trade unionists may properly demand that
lt be placed as a necessary reference work,
Blacklist for Seamen       Students Opposed to
Gets Court Approval Enforced Militarism
SAN FRANCISCO—(FP)—Cornelius Anderson has lost his test
case on behalf of himself and
all other seamen against the Shipowners' Association of the Pacific
Coast and the Pacific American
Steamship Association. The district court of appeals by this decision has legalized the "slave
market blacklist" which compels
seamen to carry discharge books
issued by the two associations.
These books are claimed to be
"walking black-lists," by which
a man who has incurred the enmity of any shipowner by union
activities or otherwise is unable
thereafter to find a job. The Sailors' Union of the Pacific, which
is behind the test case, will carry
the case to the U. S. supreme
court.
COLUMBUS, O.—(FP)—Despite
the military contingent, men students of Ohio State university
voted 1,099 to 709 to abolish compulsory military drill. The ballot
will have no effect upon the trustees,   they  announced.
Ohio State, described as a hotbed of communism by a local
physician, isn't even a liberal Institution of learning, professors
testified before trustees. In a diatribe the physician who precipitated the investigation, described
alleged communist influence, culminating in the charge that "every foreign language newspaper
in the United States—of which
there are more than 300—Is financed  by Moscow."
The probe ended abruptly when
Readers of Tbe Labor A*voc»te are
invited to send ln letters for puMica-
Vtion in oar "Open Forum." Wi is
a "free for all." No communication!
will be censored so long u friteri
refrain from indulging in personalities. Letters should Sot exceed 250
words. The management of The -Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed ln tbls space.
Editor Labor Advocates-
Things have changed since 1914!
The capitalists have mobilized ln
every country, under all kinds of
names, but it is for their own
protection. The K.K.K. In the U.S.,
with an alleged membership of
l,800,000,vwell trained, with money
and power, are nothing less than
shock troops ip time of heed.
In France Italy and Spain the
capitalists have organized their
fascists, while the others are called to the colors and asked to
butcher Riffs in Morocco. The
British Italian Pact mean's another war, and the workers should
protest in time.
In Canada we have the KK.K.;
Fascists; Legions; Imperialists; I.
O.D.E., etc. The Canadian capitalists are well organized, but I
cannot say that of Canadian workers. We are fighting each other.
I am an open secessionist. Let us
have a Canadian Labor Union, and
break away from the A.F. of L,
I claim the high officers of that
body are semi-capitalist. Some own
factories, some are stockholders,
all get capitalist pay and work
banker hours.
The League of Nations will not
butt in when it is a waj for the
protection of capital, It will only
do so when it is /a class war.
In Ireland the workers started
a war to free themselves, and
many a good union man was shot
or landed in Jail. Unity Hall,
where the Transport Workers used
to meet, was a target which the
big guns made short work of. The
slogan Jim Connolly uttered before
he died still rings true: "Workers
Join hands and' crush your exploiters." At the general election,
when Jim Larkin was in the field,
the daily press got busy spreading
its poison, and the imperialist Labor man, Johnson, beat Larkin.
Just as ln Canada in 1915 when
The Liberals and Conservatives
united, so did the Irish (capitalist) Free State join hands with
the British capitalist, they did not
wa^nt a Soviet system in Ireland.
How many acts protect the
workers? None! The military act
protects capital, the Lemieux Act
protects exploiters. All existing
laws are for the protection of the
ruling class, and none for the organized workers. Even the scab is
protected  in  time  of  strikes.
Now organized workers we have
but one Labor paper, let us try
and keep it alive, send in your
subs. Money talks. $2 per year, my
but that's cheap! Locals get busy
and send in your hews and the
dollars. F, DONOHUE.
LONDON.—The nuriiber of persons on record on the registers of
Employment Exchanges ln Great
Britain on January 4 was 1,251,-
900.  This was 149,500  more than
Send in your subscription today.
witnesses failed to present specific
evidence and a report exonerating
the university of communist taint
was unanimously adopted.
Union is Sole Judge
Of Its Membership
WASHINGTON—(FP)—No federal court has jurisdiction to compel the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers to restore to membership a man whom it has expelled. That is the meaning of
the federal supreme court ordering the appelate court to dismiss
the suit of D. j, Burke against
Monumental Division, B. ol L. E.,
to force Burke's restoration to its
rolls. |    j'|
Burke was expelled because ho
assisted the Pennsylvania on
which was employed, ln trying to
prevent enforcement of the Adamson 8-hour law in 1917.
1000 Pairs of Men's TWeed Pants at Prfees
Ranging from $1.95
Men's Suits, new for Spring, from $17.00
Stanfield's   Underwear   Combinations...... ...............Suit,  $2.50
Work   Shirts    „...v..............$1.25
Men's Shoepack,  Panco  Soles „ ,...........$4,45
Men's Hats    $4.00 Qualities $1.95
English Grey Sox  3 for $1.00
Soft Collars   25c. each
Carpenter's  Overalls ■  $2.75
HEADLIGHT OVERALLS AND SHIRTS
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova Street West, Vaneonver, B. 0.
on December 31, 1925; but 65,2-j
less than a year ago.
The reduction front last yea|
figures has, of    course, been
tained by the Tory policy of
eluding large numbers ot une
ployed workers from the registjj
SOLID LEATHER SHOES'
At Prices You Can Afford to Pay
MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN
EVERY PAIR IS A BARGAIN—SPECIALS FOR THIS WEEKj
Children's Slippers, clearing at $1.45 and $1.95
Ladies' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for............ $2.95-?
Boys' School Shoes : $2.45 ajnd $2.95 j
Men's Work Boots (the famous "Skookum") ....$3.95 and $4.95
Men's Dress Boots, up to $10 values, for $4.95
KIBLER'S SHOE STOR]
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