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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Jul 3, 1925

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Array r
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"ARMER-
With Which Is Incorporated
». C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.  No. 27
VANCOUVEB, B.C., FBIDAY MOBNING, JULY 3, 1925
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
Alberta Police Shoot Striking Coal Miner
French Miners Win
Struggle To Raise
Pay As Prof its Rise
PARIS, France.—French coal
miners are winning their struggle
to compel mine owners to resort to
other methods than wage reductions to reduce production
costs.
The mine workers are also determined that they will compel the
mine owners to raise wages as often and as much as profiteers boost
the cost of living.
Some time ago the mine owners
expressed a determination to reduce production costs during 19125.
But the cost of living went up, and
because of the thorough organiza-
\ tion of the mine workers, wage increases have been granted instead
jf wage reductions being imposed.
Coal mine owners "now realize
their inability to force down wages
to reduce production costs or to
prevent wage increases when living
costs rise. They are therefore resorting to other methods to meet
the emergency. For this purpose
there is a tendency to construct
more coke ovens at the mines. Several large companies have also installed equipment for the manufacture of Synthetic ammonia by utilizing the gas from the coke ovens.
It ls thought that the better utilization of the coal will bring about
economies to offset rising labor
cost.
Efforts Made To Trick Miners Into Mob Action
(Special to the Advocate)       Aice   swooped   down   upon   them.
Ex-G.W.V.A. President
Aids Canadian Bosses
(Special to the Advocate)
OTTAWA.-—Major W. D. Sharpe,
retiring president of the G.W.V.A.,
told the British Empire Service
League, assembled here, that he
could promise all British ex-service
men, who were willing to take up
* farming in Canada, that they could
make a living, and ln so doing he
proved himself to be the willing
vassal of Big Business.
The voluble Major made no mention of the fact that hundreds upon hundreds of Canadian farmers
have been forced to leave their
farms because they were unable to
make a living. Neither did he
mention the mortgage ridden condition of the prairie farmers, nor
the barefaced robbery of the Nash
Fruit Combine.
In spite of his vehement protests
to the contrary what the Major
really desired was to induce British workers to come to Canada in
order to swell the ranks of the
unemployed, and thus afford the
manufacturers another opportunity
to cut wages. The farming promise was simply a bait.
/""■ALGARY.—YYitli one coal miner
V shot through the bui-U by a
provincial policeman, capitalist repression is once more stalking
abroad in tlio tied Deer Valley, Alberta. The whole Valley is tied up
witli a strike, and a solidarity, such
as is rare even among miners, exists among the men. The strikers
have offered to meet tlie operators
on the busis of a committee composed of onc man from each locul,
but so far without results.
Baffled by the solidarity of the
strikers, and their refusal to be
tricked into mob action at the moment chosen by the police, the
thugs and hoodlums known as the
provincial police are acting like a
gang of provocateurs in their efforts to break the strike.
On Thursday, June 25th, a group
of young lads sat around a small
brush fire on one of the hills near
the A. B. C.mine. They were not
on the mine property, nor in hiding, but were in clear view of everybody by the light of their fire,
and there were only six of them.
Suddenly 14 or 15 provincial pol-
Circling around, so as to get on the
far side, a dozen of the police
charged the boys, whooping it up
like a bunch of Indian braves, and
driving them down the hill.
At the bottom of the hill stood
another group of uniformed scabs.
The boys, startled by the charge of
the first group, had scarcely started running when Bang, Bang came
two revolver shots, followed by an
order to halt. The order was
scarcely necessary as most of them
were down trying to duck the
shots.
Of course the "gallant police"
captured the whole mob—all six
of them. One of them was seriously wounded when picked up. He
was shot through the back, the
bullet having entered by the spine
and passed through the abdomen.
He was left lying, by the police,
upon the offico floor, handcuffed,
his moans for water ignored, and
his life blood ebbing away for want
of attention. Among the miners
there is little doubt as to the cause
of the shooting. The wounded
boy  is  about the  same  size  and
■^dressed exactly like Kid Burns,
who is feared and hated by every
operator in District 18.
On the morning after the shooting affray the "Calgary Albertan"
carried a bloodthirsty tale of an
ugly mob, fifty of whom tried to
get on company property, and one
of whom a policeman shot in self
defence. Nothing was said that
the boy was shot in the back. The
only charge against the boys is
that of trespassing.
On Monday 29th, tear bombs,
and charges were the order of the
day, for no apparent reason except
practise.
Doubtless the intent of the actions of the police is to goad the
miners into doing something. that
will give an excuse for mass arrests. The miners, knowing that
they could clean up every uniformed scab in the valley in an hours
fighting, are compelled to stand
facing these "snickering hoodlums," and stand for their insulting sneers, such as "Bohunk," and
"Hunkey," simply because their
first violence will mean a victory
for the operators.
So this ls the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends.
Canadian Textile Co.
Makes Huge Profits
(By Federated Press)
MONTREAL,.— The Dominion
Textile Co., clamoring for a high
tariff, has raised its dividend on
common stock from 4 to 5 per cent.
Originally it issued .5,000,000 of
common stock— some to the promoters and most of the rest as
bonus to purchasers of preferred
stock. During the war boom some
of these textile companies paid over 200 per cent, dividends. The"
Dominion Textile Co., tripled its
common stock without cost to anybody. This company is paying dividends of 5 per cent on nearly
$18,000,000 water.
WORKERS SEIZE
POST OFFICE IN
FRENCH STRIKE
PARIS.—Striking postal clerks
recently seized the central post
office in Paris and, barricading
themselves within the building,
refused entrance to the postal authorities. The postmaster called
upon police reserves to disperse
the strikers and reopen the building.
Without warning telephone service throughout Paris ceased
functioning when 1800 operators
stopped work out of sympathy for
the mail clerks, who are striking
for higher pay.
Canadian Government
Aids Political Pets
Canadian Farmers
In Desperate Plight
SASKATOON.—Some idea of
the desperate plight which Canadian farmers are in can be gathered from a letter from a farmer
appearing in the June 26th issue
of The Western Producer, a farmer's paper published here. This
letter says in part:
"I am sorry to have to give up
The Producer—but, since we have
not the money to buy the necessities of the homt, we nave to allow our subscription to run ouv
withtut renewing."
The subscription rate to The
Western Producer is $2.00 per
year.
The advertiser is always interested in knowing where you saw
his advertisement. Just mention
the Advocate and you'll see.
Highlights on This
Week's News
CANADIAN— Pago
Alberta Polico   Shoot  Strikors  1
Saskatchewan Farmci's Form New Political Party   1
Manitoba   Govornment   Forgets   Child
Aid      4
BRITISH—
Clydehank Tenants in Now Rent War 7
Communist Women Banter Police  7
Purcell  Lauds  Trade Union  Treaty.... 7
AMERICAN—
Landlords   Rob   Southern  Farmers  2
Boston Capitalists  Enslave Girls  3
Yankee Bosses Reap Hugo Profits  6
FOREIGN—
Fronch Miners  Win  Struggle  1
Russia to Harvest Huge Crop  2
Chilian Women Well Organised.....  4
(Special to the Advocate)
OTTAWA.— That the Canadian
Government, tor obvious reasons,
does not consider it advisable to
let the public know how much it.
paid out to officials and employees
of the C. N. R. is evident by recent replies in the House of Commons regarding this.
Several questions have been asked as to how many C. N. R, officials were receiving salaries in excess of $10,000 per annum, to
which the Minister of Railways
has replied that it was not in tho
public interest to give out this information.
Another question sought to ascertain the salary of a certain conductor In Nova Scotia who had
been made an inspector of trains
and stations, but the government
refused to state the salary paid.
A Dominion election is drawing
near, and evidently political pets
must bo looked after.
When asked how many private
cars had been used to carry officers of the company lo Portland
on the occasion of S. J. Smith's
departure for Enland, and who
used these cars, the Minister replied that should he answer that
question someone would be asking who were in the car nnd how
much they ate.
Durham Miners Idle
LONDON.—It is stated by Peter
Lee, an agent of the Durham Miners' Association, that mere are
nearly 40,000 miners unemployed
In the country, and that by September the number will be increased to 50,000.
Imperialists Use Sikhs to
Beat Chinese Coolies
In Shanghai
SHANGHAI.—British imperialism in one of its latent forms, the
Shanghai municipal council, employs Indian sikhs to do the policing of tho settlement. Time and
time again acts of brutal beating
and mauling of the Chinese coolies
are perpetrated.
The Indian sikh is brought from
his exploited land, Is paid a mtle
more than a coolie and a club is
placed iii his hand. "Keep the
slaves dovai at any cost and champion the cause of the foreigner,"
are his orders and as a result we
have primitive savagery vyith the
blameless Chinese coolie as. the
victim.
Beat Chinese Coolies
Thete hasn't been a day that in
passing along the street tne writer
has not been witness to several atrocious punishments imlicted on
Chinese by these sikh policemen.
I have seen a coolie at the head
of a group of human horses who
were straining and sweating in the
vain attempt at pulling what would
be a motor truck load ot wooden
boards over Chapoo Road bridge,
beaten into insensibility by a sikh.
Paid i'or Violence
Another time I have seen a
wheel-barrow coolie who had his
car halt twisted off and his bare
toot broken by the hand and heel
of the sikh who Is the very embodiment of British imperialism in
one of ils more concrete forms.
The sikh, a member of an ex-
l.loited race himself, is taken from
his native land, and is paid a little
more than a coolie to beat that
coolie.
Saskatchewan Farmers
Plan New Labor Party
SASKATOON.—An attempt is
being made here to launch a new
political party, to be known as
The Farmers' Political Party of
Saskatchewan,
At a convention held here recently lt was decided that for the
present individual members would
not be permitted in the new organization. Although not specifically set forth, it is generally un-
derstool that the new party will bo
comprised of labor unions and
farmers' associations. What organizations may join is not yet
known. The Farmers' Union of
Canada eschews all political parties, and the Grain Growers' Association takes no part in provincial
politics.
Our great need Is for a thoroughly good working-class education, so that tho workers cannot
bo stampeded with scares and
plots as they were at the last election.—A. J, Cook. 1
Page Two
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, July 3, 191
A Page for the Man on the Land
Notes and Comment
Of Interest to Farmers
(By TIMOTHY HAY,)
A REPORT issued by the De-
partment of Agriculture, Ottawa, on the result of testing samples of feed, shows once again
how we farmers are being farmed
b.v the big milling interests. The
report states that some 150 samples of feed were tested, the samples having been sent in by farmers who were suspicious that
they were not what the milling
people represented them to be.
The tests revealed that not only
were weed seeds used, but also
the "poisonous fungus Ergot."
Barley meal, which was selling at
an outrageously high price, was
found to contain no barley at all,
. but a mixture of various cheap
stuffs, .including a large percentage of pulverized oat hulls. A
teed flour selling at $4.50 per
hundred contained ground corn,
sorghum, soy bean meal, bran
and ground rice hulls. A stock
food was found to be composed
of an indigestible, non-nutritious
combination of ground peanut
skins, -bran and oat hulls. The
farmers who sent in the stuff
knew they were being done, and
they appealed to their department
for relief, but apparently none of
these robbers were brought to
justice and the robbery still goes
on. When will we farmers wake
up and demand action?
»    *    »•
Considerable dissatisfaction exists among farmers because they
have not received the true market
price and the correct weight for
the products they have shipped to
town. They find it is impossible
to satisfy the requirements of the
trade. The products they ship are
always either over quality or under quality, resulting in a big cut
in price, and in nine cases out of
ten they receive short weight.
This fact was brought out in the
Duncan investigation, on the reading of a letter which was written
by a member of the famous Nash
Fruit Combine. This letter stated
that the farmers were just naturally turning red, and no wonder,
when we see Big Business putting
millions of dollars into new buildings while we farmers are bled
white. If this condition is not
changed   something   is   going   to
blow up. .
♦ ;*:'*
In my last notes I mentioned
thatt he foderul government had
placed a 10 per cent, premium on
select bacon hogs, and pointed out
that B.C. farmers were penalized
if they shipped such a type. I now
notice by press reports that P.
Burns & Co. are going to pay the
10 per cent,  premium.
* ♦    »
The other day I had the good
fortune to make the acquaintance
of an old "hayseed" who- appeared very much interested in the
welfari' of the "toilers on the
land." During our conversation
he Informed me of some Interviews he had had with leaders of
Big Business and banks. During
the interviews the farmer had put
this question to them: "What, hi
your   opinion,   is   British   Colum-
Southern Farmers Robbed By Landlords
N THE south from Texas to Mis-*ragged, dirty and hungry out in the
sissippi, the land is owned by
the big land owners, who rent the
land out to the small working farmers. There are three ways that
the land is rented out. First, the
share cropper, who rents the land
on the halves. That is the landlord
furnishes the land, livestock and
farm implements, the farmer pays
half the cost of the necessary hired
help and the landlord pays the rest.
When he produces a crop, he hauls
it to town and markets it and the
landlord is always right there to
get his share, so that the farmer
will not cheat him out of a penny.
Second. The working farmer
who rents land on the third and
fourth plan. He furnishes his own
livestock, implements and.pays his
hired help expenses, giving /the
landlord one third of the grain,
hay, and one fourth of the cotton.
Third. The more independent
farmer who pays cash rent by the
year or leases for as long a period
as possible.
When the farmer rents or leases
the land, he has a hard time trying to get a crop, due tc the climatic conditions. When he is successful in getting a crop he has
to sell it to the highest bidder.
Not getting enough for it to properly keep and maintain his family, he has to mortgage what little
property he has in order to support his family through the winter
months. The result is that he
starts the crop the second year
head over heels in debt to the
banker, and is forced to takev his
children out of school and put
them to work at the age of six
or seven.
Children of all ages may be seen
hot southern sun, working from
day light to dark. Even infants
lay on the ground or in a baby
buggy crying for attention and
food, while their mothers are
working long hours, for a mere
pittance.
When the farmer produces his
second crop, the banker gets all of
it except the landlord's share, Then
the landlord tells the farmer that
he is not capable of working the
land properly and that he will have
to move.
The result is that the farmer
has to quit the farming business
and go to work in the textile industry, as a wage worker.
The farmers and their wives
work so hard that they very often
get sunstroke from the immense
heat and die leaving a large family
of sti-' or seven children orphans.
Then a capitalist court will take
the children and send them .to an
orphanage, where they must work
and slave until they are grown
up or else adopted by some other
farmer. Of course farmers who
adopt them are supposed to raise
educate and give them a good
home. But instead of having
good homes they are equal with
the chattel slaves of the olden days.
They are kept out of school and
made to work from daylight till
dark. They don't know what it
means to play, swim, and have fun.
They don't know what toys are.
The only place they are allowed to
go is church, sunday school and to
work. They kill themselves while
still in their infancy and when they
grow up, they are hump-backed,
knock-kneed, pigeon-toed or consumptive.
THERE IS NEWS HAPPENING W HERE YOl'
AKE, WHETHER IT BE IN
THE MILL, MINE, FACTORY OR ON THE LAND.
MAKE YOURSELF THE
CORRESPONDENT AND
SENT IT IN TODAY. BE
CONCISE, ACCURATE AND
MILITANT!
bia's greatest need at the present
time?" In next issue I shall givr
some of the answers received,
they are interesting and show that
others besides farmers and labor
are   reading   the   handwriting   on
the wall.
.,    #    *
According to reports ln the daily
press a private company desires to
establish a cold storage plant on
the Vancouver waterfront, but before doing so requests a guarantee
from the Federal Government that
it will not enter the cold storage
business in Vancouver for seven
years. It is also reported that the
Federal minister for public works
has stated, on pehalf of the government, ho is williny to give this
guarantee. Publicly owned cold
storage plants are the key to successful-marketing of farm products,
and before any such agreement is
entered into, us farmers should
be consulted.      .
WAKE UP!
The ruling classes succeeded in
maintaining themselves in power
by the strength of their own political energy and with the assistance of numerous elements essentially foreign to themselves, but
which they can turn to their own
advantage by suggestive influences. Most commonly, however,
we find that the classes representing a past economic order
continue to maintain their social
predominance only because the
classes representing the present
or future economy have as yet
Tailed to become aware of their
strength, of their political and
economic importance, and of the
wrongs they suffer at the hands
of  society.—Robert  Mlchels.
Russian Prisoners
Get Annual Holiday
To Garner Harvest
(By
Patronize Our Advertisers.
CARL  BRANNIN,   Federated
Press Correspondent.)
MOSCOW.—A decree by the director of prisons for the Soviet
Union provides for the release of
peasant prisoners ror three
months to go home and cultivate
their fields. A special board certifies those for parole whose behaviour has been good. The fact
that a man may be serving a long
sentence for murder does not necessarily bar him from this privilege. Prisoners return home without guards and simply register
with the local authorities at intervals. Time on parole is considered as time served and reduces the period in prison materially.
Two Weeks' Vocation
Besides this relief for peasant
prisoners, all soviet prisons grant
a vacation of two weeks each
year to inmates with clear records
who are not likely to abuse this
privilege. Political prisoners can
receive this as well as ordinary
prisoners. The individual can go
home or, if he has none, to one of
the sanitariums in the Crimea
maintained by the government.
Like Free Workers
My visit recently to the Sokoli-
anky prison in Moscow was more
like going through a factory of
free workers than a jail. In the
carpenter shop, the so,ap plant,
the dye works, the oeu ractory,
the machine shop, or the oat mill,
the attitude of the inmates was
that of workers and not of culprits. There were few guards in
evidence and these had no visible
arms. One of the three plants in
Russia for making photographic
plates is located in this prison. It
has a large production and the
workers are the best paid of any
in this prison.
Eight-Hour Day, Union Wages
All prisoners work eight hours
and are paid trade union wages.
Thus there is no competition with
free labor. Part of his wages
goes to the family of the prisoner
an^ he is allowed to use a part
for speeial food and articles ai
the prison  store.
There is a Lenin corner decorated by the prisoners, a library,
a theater, a study room and a
sport field. Tlie hospital is under
a competent doctor who makes
an examination of each new arrival to determine what work will
best suit him.
FARMERS, TAKE NOTICE
Workers on the land are Invited
to make themselves correspondents
of. THE. CANADIAN. FARMER-
LABOR ADVOCATE and send in
news items of interest. Write plain
every-day English and lie sure of
your facts.   Send news to the Edi-
The  proper  study  of  the  wise  tor, 1139 Howe Street, Vancouver,
man is not how to die, but how
to live. There is no subject on
which the sage will think less than
death.—Spinoza.
B. C.
Pass   this   copy  to   your   shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—8
48  Hastings  St.  East,  Sey.  888-672     66S OranviUe Street   Sey. 9513-1391
151  Hastings  Street  West Sey.   1370
"SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"
Russian Wheat Crop .
600,000,000 Bushels
More Than U.S. Cr^
MOSCOW. — By the offlc
rough estimate the harvest is <
pected to yield 3,200,000,000 poo
Since out of the 1923 harve
Russia was able to export 200,00
which was 2,800,000,000 poO
000 poods, the harvest authorlt
calculate to export from this yes
harvest not less than 300,000,-j
poods.
Estimating the amount of gn
needed for the visualization of l
town populations and the R
Army at 600,000,000 poods, for t
state fund at 100,000,000 poods i
for export 300,000,000 poods,
government economic organs
confronted with the greatest di
ficulty in trying to figure out t
state's distribution of 1,000,000,0
poods of grain.
Figuring a pood at one-half b
shel (it is actually six pounds ,
excess of a bushel) the Russit
harvest of 3,200,000,000 poods
1,600,000,000 bushels or more thi
600,000,000 bushels over the la
gest wheat crop ever raised in tl
United States.
Farmers and Workers
Must Fight Togeth(
AMARILLO, Texas.—Preside
W. W. Fitzwater of the Farm L
bor Union of America, addressii
the Texas State Federation of Li
bor convention here, urged farma
and wage earners to act togeth
and said he hoped farm worke
might be able to support a trac
unionist for governor in the nep
state campaign. He said the "tvi
end men," farmers and city wor|j
ers, should get together for bod
economic and political action.
LONG-DISTANCE IS
CHEAPEST AT NIOHT'
TVTEW night  rates arel
now in force for long--
distance conversations between  8:30 p.m.  and  71
a.m.
B. C. Telephone Company ■
DEAFNES!
NOISES IN TBE HEAD
AND NASAL OATAEBH
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy called
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment!
which absolutely relieves deafness!
noises in the head, eto. No expen-1
sive appliances needed for this newl
Ointment, Instantly operates npon the!
affected parts with complete and per-I
manent success. Scores of wonderj
ful cases reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. E. Orowe, of Whltehorae
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleas!
ed to tell you that the small tin os
ointmont you sent to me at Tentnoii
has proved a complete suceess,
hearing ls now quite normal and
horrible head noises have ceased
The action of this new remedy mnu
be very remarkable, for I have bee_|
troubled with these complaints
nearly 10 years and have had s
of the very best medical advice, tOj
gether with other expensive ear in*
struments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I ami
for my life has undergone an entirf
change."
Try one box today, whioh ean 1
forwarded to any address on recel
of money order for $1.00.   Ther*
nothing better at any price. Address
orders  to Manager  "LAEMALENE'_
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
PREVENT FOREST FIRE
 IT PAYS — Friday, July 3, 1925
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -,
Federated Labor Party
Notes
Members of the Greater Van-
.ouver District branches of the
F.L.P. had a pleasant time at
heir picnic at Old Orchard on
Sunday last. A large number
ook the boal, leaving "Vancouver
it 10 a.m., others, who are for-
unate enough to own automobiles,   motored   to   the   grounds.
The day was Ideal for a picnic,
!ind the location was good, although the cost to members who
have large families was a Uttle
high, a fact which should be
borne In mind when planning a
future  event.
The culinary abilities and the
generosity of the lady members
•were well exemplified in' the
tables well laden wun delicious
food, and if anyone went away
hungry they must have kept out
of sight for the day.
Ice   cream   was   provided   free
'for  everybody.    Sports  were  engaged   in   and   everybody   enjoyed
themselves thoroughly.
♦    «    •
— The Vancouver Branch did not
holds its usual meeting this week
pn account of the meeting night
falling on the holiday. The next
meeting will be on July 15th.
THE FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE invites short notes from
^ranches of their activities and
intended  events.
WINNIPEG LABOR PARTY
FIGHTS CADET TRAINING
WINNIPEG.—The Centre Winnipeg branch of the Independent
Labor party passed a resolution at
its last meeting, endorsing the
stand taken by Miss Agnes Mc-
iPhail, M.P., against the vote for
training of cadets.
The executive of the branch was
I instructed to arrange a meeting
ivith ihe South Winnipeg executive
ho go into the matter of nomination for the federal seat of South
Icentre. It ls probable that a joint
f convention . will be called at an
■early date.
WHAT GOVERNMENTS TAKE
K Of their peoples' net income, the
government of Germany took in
ttaxes during 1923-24, 26 per cent;
{Britain 22.1 per cent; Japan 21.8
per cent; Canada 19.8 per cent;
[Australia 18.4 per cent; France
L17.8 per cent; United States 10.B
[per cent.
These figures are given by the
[.Royal Statistical Society of England,
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone  Sey.  «121
P. GIOVANDO,  JOHN THA
200   Elegantly  Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
FIRST-CLASS  SERVICE
Military Charges Drop,
Education Costs Rise,
In Workers' Republic
The final sessions of the Third
Congress pf Soviets were, among
other things, devoted to the reports
on Finance and the Army.
Sokolnlkoff, the Commissar for
Finance, alluded, to the successful
currency reform, whereby in one
year the stable currency on a gold
basis had 'n creased from 390 million to 780 million roubles.
Army Allotment Falls
In three years lhe State Budget
increased from 1,300 million roubles to 2% milliard roubles..
Whereas in Tsarist days 27 per
cent, of budget expenditure went
for the army, now only 17 per cent,
is allotted for defence. The Soviet
Governtnent devotes 11 per cent,
of the expenditure to social and
cultural needs, as against 6 • per
cent, spent by the Tsarist government.
Tlie Capitalist Menace
Frunze reported that the Red
Army had been reduced from 5%
million to 562,000 men. Further
reductions were impossible while
we see the Rumanian army increased by 25 per cent., and Poland
and the Balkan States feverishly
ordering submarines and destroyers.
The Red Army men are better
paid than soldiers in capitalist
countries, but the commanding
staff receive 30 per cent, less than
in Tsarist days.
Cultural work, which ls one of
the main branches of army activities, had attained great proportions. Over 150,000 illiterates had
been educated during the last two
years.
--INDUSTRY- -
Australian Fascisti
Get Castor Oil Diet
MELBOURNE.—Fascist immigrants in Australia are finding that
their fellow countrymen already
established in the Southern Commonwealth are not at all inclined
to put up with the sort of overbearing brutality that distinguishes
blackshirts in their native land.
One of the fraternity who made
himself particularly obnoxious in a
town in Northern Queensland was
rapidly made more docile by a dose
of his own medicine—a bottle of
castor oil. ^
The trouble arose out of the pretensions of the Facist gang /as
strikebreakers, a role which cannot be comfortably sustained in a
State where the workers are so
solidly organized as in Queensland.
FARMERS' UNION OPPOSES
THE BOY SCOUT MOVEMENT
CANORA, Sask.—A resolution
branding the boy scout and cadet
movements as "agencies of the
present ruling class" was endorsed
by the overwhelming majority of
the delegates of the Mackenzie district of the Farmers' Union of Canada, assembled in_convention here.
The resolution was sponsored by
the militant Sturgis lodge, which
also presented a resolution calling
upon the union to affiliate with
the International Council of Peasants at Moscow. This was adopted
with only one dissenting vote.
SOUTH AFRICA
A drastic measure for dealing
with industrial troubles has been
introduced by the South African
Government. It gives the Governor-General power to declare a state
of emergency for a period of one
month, renewable month by month
in the event of any strike or lockout threatening essential services.
The Minister of Labor Is empowered to set up a conciliation board to
effect a settlement of the dispute,
whose award he may declare to bo
binding for a period of six monthB.
He is authorized also to call for a
ballot, for the purpose of ascertaining whether a two-thirds majority
desire to resume work on the terms
proposed by the board, and if so
the settlement becomes binding,
and the minister can order a resumption of work.
POLAND
Former Czarist officers in Poland are excited by a report that
Grand Duke Nicholas has issued
an appeal and a call for mobilization of all the Russian monarchist army officers and supporters,
and is preparing for a new attack
on Soviet Russia, being backed up
by cash and other material aid
from the United States. Anti-Soviet military intervention is expected in the coming spring. Agents representing Nicholas have
arrived in Poland well supplied
with funds to organize the anti-
Soviet armies in Poland and in the
Balkans. All the officers of the
old regime have been handed mobilization cards giving the numbers
of their regiments, and the names
of the towns in the Balkans where
the remnants of Wrangel's armies
can be picked up when the mobilization is announced.
CZECHO SLOVAKIA      .
All Czecho-Slovakla is excited
over sudden arrests and searches
of households, and over the "military plot" which is offered as the
excuse for these police actions. It
develops that fascist provocateaurs
planned a "high treason" scheme
to be laid'at the door of the Communists, and that the persons arrested have been individuals who
refused to join ln this plot. In
their search for literature the police found a pamphlet on the Einstein theory, which they seized,
but found nothing more "dangerous".
Girls Forced To Work
For $6.00 Per Week By
Wage Commissioners
BOSON.—Women and girls millinery workers must contrive to
live on $13 a week in Boston, the
minimum wage commission has
decided. The ruling takes effeo»
July 1 and affects girls who are
19 and have been employed at
least four seasons of 16 weeks
each, including two spring and
two fall seasons, Learners and
apprentices get special minimum
rates of $6 to $12 a week, according to age. The minimum
wage commission made out a
budget showing how girl workers
can live (If they can) on $13 a
week, but.no budget has yet been
contrived to show how girls can
live on $6 a week—without other
assistance.
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
^ steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
ESTHONIA
The various parties represented
in the Esthonlan parliament are
as follows: Total number of members 100; Bourgeois and Agrarian
parties, 70; Socialists 22; Communists 4; Independents 4. The
strongest party Is the Peasant
(Agrarian' party which has 25
representatives in parliament. Of
the 22 socialist members 14 are
social democrats, and 8 independents.
ITALY
The Executivo of the Italian
Confederation of Labor has charged the Fascisti government with
destruction of the offices of the
trades councils of Bologna and
Reggio, and the premises of the
Rallwaymen's Union; the dissolution of trade union organizations in
Bologna, Brescia, Modena, Trieste,
Palmero, and Cattania; the closing
of the offices of the Woodworkers'
Union; raids on the premises of
other organizations; and threats
of comrades engaged in trade union work.
Children in Shanghai
Paid 5 Cents An Hour
(By British Labor Press Service)
SHANGHAI.—People who think
that nothing but base ingratitude
can account for the dissatisfaction
of Chinese workers with their foreign employers should study the
figures given in the "Report of the
Child Labor Commission" appointed by- the Shanghai Muncipal
Council, which was published last
July.
The average wage of workers,
according to this document, varies
from $4.00 to $7.50 a month, and
there is no insurance, no compensation, no old age pensions. Women
get 5 cents to 12 cents a day, and
men, women and children alike
work from 12 to 13 % hours a day.
The children are the worst sufferers. They are practically bought
from their parents by contractors,
and farmed out to the employers,
and are frequently most miserably
housed and fed.
Ontario Workers Demand
Withdrawal of Troops
From N. S.
LONDON, Ont.—Last meeting
of the London Labor Party passed a unanimous resolution demanding the withdrawal of troops
from Nova Scotia. Copies of-the
resolution will be sent to Premier
King and to the premier of Nova
Scotia. The London Trades and
Labor .Council has issued an appeal to its affiliated members
asking that a relief fund be started in this city for the striking
miners.
DELEGATES MUST WEAR
UNION   MADE   CLOTHES
NEW YORK.—Delegates to the
New York Federation of Labor
convention, opening in Syracuse,
August 25, are expectud to appear
ln clothing hearing 'he labels of
five different unions, president
James P. Holland states. This 62nd
annual convention v. ul be one of
the most important held in yeard
Holland declares.
Trainmen WiU Ask
For Wage Increase
CLEVELAND.—Chairmen's associations of the Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen and the Order
of Railway Conductors will hold
joint divisional meetings in November to consider the proposition of seeking a wage increase
from approximately 200 railroads
in the United States for trainmen
and conductors, W. G. Lee, president of the trainmen, has announced.
The amount of the Increase to
be asked was not announced,
but Mr. Lee said the wage reduction to railroad men in 1921
amounted to about 12 per cent.,
approximately 64 cents a day,
that an Increase last year amounted to approximately 5 per cent.,
and that the request for an increase would probably be at least
enough to make up the 1921 reduction.
Communal Kitchens
Increasing Rapidly in
the Soviet Republic
MOSCOW, U. S. S. R.—The development of the communal kitchen institutions the special importance of which consists in the
fact that they set working women
tree from household ' drudgery, Is
making great strides forward. According to statistics compiled by
the Metal Workers' Union, there
are communal kitchens In factories in 13 districts where the number of workers is 195,000. In
March 1925 there were 109 kitchens in the Ukraine which supplied over a million dinners. 10
per cent of Ukranlan workers get
served by communal kitchens.
By the autumn 400 more kitchens for 300 to 350 thousands
people are to be opened in the Soviet Union.
Say you saw it advertised in the
'Advocate".
BICYCLES
On Easy Terms
Victor  Special   $45.00
Overland,   C.C.M  $45.00
Perfection,   O.C.M  $50.00
C.C.M.   Sport Model  $55.00
Hyslop,  Canadian  $55.00
Raleigh,   finest   $70.00
Terms: $15.00 Cash, balance only
$2.60 -weekly
HASKINS & ELLIOTT
800 Pender Street West
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends,
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY,
THOROUGHLY MATURED—ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR
BRANDS AT THE GOVERNMENT STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thli advertisement it not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
Board or by tbe Oovernment. of British Columbia Page Four
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, July 3,1925,
WOMAN'S  DEPARTMENT
Women Workers in
Chile Are Members
Of Trade Unions
One of the interesting delegates at the recent convention of
the International Women's Council was Senorita Amanda Labarca,
president of thc National Council
of Women in Chili. She declared
that about 40,000 women are now
working i,n the larger cities in her
country. They are employed mostly in the cloth-making factories
and frequently as tramway and
bus operators.
Trade Unions Flourish
Trade unions flourish in Chili,
according to Miss Labarca, and
the women' join on equal basis
with the men in organizatiqn* So
far, however, they have not attempted to strike by themselves,
except in one shoe factory and
once or twice on the busses, always successfully. There is a well-
enforced eight-hour law for women, and night work is generally
prohibited.
"Formerly women of means
who married," she said, "settled
down to a life of idleness, but
they are beginning now to think
it is an insult to their husbands
to depend entirely on them. Many
of these women come under what
you would call 'white collar workers'—we say 'private employes.'
They are splendidly organized and
have won many demands—a pension for all, insurance, an eight-
hour day and good wages."
Education
Education in Chili, up through
the "popular universities," is entirely free. The workers' education movement, the senorita said,
was quite as old as that in the
United States. She herself teaches in a night school for workers,
giving her time after her day's
work as the only woman professor i|P the University of Chili.
The law of Chili requires children under 14 to attend a school.
Women, though they haven't yet
the franchise, nevertheless take
great interest in politics, and the
senorita declared that the women
workers, standing as they should,
shoulder to shoulder with the
men, will be an increasingly important factor in the progress of
Chilean politics and industry.
Women and Capitalism
Manitoba Government
Forgets Child Welfare
WINNIPEG.—A reduction of 5
per cent, in individual allowances
to mothers has been made by the
Child Welfare Aid of Manitoba.
The reason given by the provincial government for the reduction
was that a sufficient appropriation had not been made. Indigent
mothers and children are thus
compelled to go short of necessary food because the government "happened to forget" about
them.
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
"CHE looked around at us so
helplessly. Any woman with
a heart at all would feel like striving to do something. She turned
around and said: 'What is wrong?
What is the matter? We used to
be able to work and have very good
times.' She was a miner's wife and
had been born and raised in a
mining town. She knew absolutely
nothing else, but compared with
were going through she considered terrible."
Profits the Incentive
This pathetic picture was given
to the House of Commons by Miss
McPhail, In speaking of the miners' situation in Cape Breton.
What is wrong? The auestion is
fundamental; the answer is no less
so. Besco runs the mines of Cape
Breton to make profits for the
Company. To make profits, a
Company must produce at the lowest figure and sell at the highest.
This means getting the labor costs
down to the bare subsistence level.
It would seem however, that this
time they have ventured a little too
far, hence this undesirable and
much-to-be-dreaded publicity.
Miners' Plight Not Isolated
This is the time then when it
is most worth while to point out
what Is wrong. Let no one imagine that the miners' plight is an
isolated case in Canada. From Alberta, where the greatest coal fields
of the world are situated, piteous
letters have been received for
months now, pointing out that in
many of the mining' districts, the
women and children are destitute
end starving. These accounts
state that they have averaged 125
days work per year for the past
three yeare, with the average earnings just one-half of what a family needs for decent living.
Turning to the farming industry
let me give a few excerpts from a
letter in the "Western Producer,"
written by the wife of a farmer:
"Do you mean to say that we
should sit still and be satisfied to
let the other fellow skin us down
to the last dollar? Why should we
let the Winnipeg Grain Exchange,
cattle buyers and other speculators
make millions of dollars from what
we produce in order that they
they haven't earned? Since the
deflation came, the farmer of
Western Canada has not made
running expenseses; how then can
might live in luxury off the money
he be expected to pay anything on
his debts?"
Tlie Farmers' Standpoint
"Don't you think the farmer is
■T-HE PUBLICATION OF
THIS PAPER IS MADE
POSSIBLE BY THE FIRMS
WHICH ADVERTISE IN IT.
WHEN MAKING PtJR-
CHASES PATRONIZE THEM
AND   TELL   THEM   WHY.
THE HOME CORNER
[By Jane McNutt]
Our health depends a great deal
on what, how, and how much we
eat. It Is much easier to so live
as to keep well than It Is to keep
well after we become sick.
At this season of the year we
should build up strength in reserve
for the more wearing weather of
the winter. There is no better
way of doing this than by cutting
down on our eating of the heavier
articles of food, such as meats and
bread, and eat moderately of fresh
fruits and vegetables.
A large combination salad should
be a major part of every dinner.
Lettuce tomatoes,  and cucumbers
dressed with olive oil, lemon juice,
and salt makes a dish that is not
only palatable but wholesome.
Mock  Salmon  Salmi
Mix grated raw carrots and dried
cucumbers with thick sour cream,
and serve on a bed of head lettuce.
Milk is another article of food
which is cheaper at this season of
the year. Most people like buttermilk, but they do not know that
buttermilk can be home made
without making butter. Allow the
milk to stand until it becomes
thick, then beat- it well with an
egg beater. Use the whole milk
and if you can get it unpasteuried
so much the better, ns it will clabber more quickly.
more entitled to the little comfort-
of life than the man who has made
his money grafting from the farmers?"
"But, should I go ahead anl
scrub my rough board floors until
they are white for the rest of my
life whilo the other fellow grafts
enough from the wheat raised on
my husband's land to pay for a
bit of paint or linoleum so that my
work would be a little easier, and
say nothing?"
. Farmers Go Hungry
"Under the present system of
things, this is not a free country.
How can it- be free when we farmers have to knuckle down and
work like slaves for a mere existence "
"How many families in Saskatchewan are hungry? 1 am
pretty safe in saying there are
about 90 per cent hungry every
day for a little bit of something
good to eat that they can't afford
to buy. Did you ever sit down to
the table and fill up on potatoes
and perhaps a little bit of bread.
You couldn't have all the bread
jou wanted because bread is made
from flour and flour costs money.
Such are the conditions in our
household and a good many others
whom I know. We are not actually starving but nevertheless we
are hungry—hungry for things our
system craves and requires in order to keep in good physical condition."
But Are Horses Different
If a man keeps a horse, the law
compels him to feed it and treat
It decently but, strangely enough
there is no law which makes the
employer sufficiently responsible
for the human beings without
whose aid he could not carry on
his vast business concerns. Fresh
relays of human beings are being
worn out or broken in the process
The only concern of the employer
is to see that sufficient supplies are
evailable in sufficient quantities to
enable him to carry on and keep
the labor costs low.
CATHOLIC UNIONS LOSE
5,000 OF MEMBERSSHIP
MONTREAL.—The National and
Catholic Unions of Canada numbered 94 in 1924, a loss of 12 from
the previous year, according to a
report of the Dominion Depa'.t-
ment of Labor. Their membership
in 1924 was 25,000, a decline of
5,000. These unions have their
principal stronghold in Quebc
which has the lowest wage rates
of any Canadian city.
Vancouver
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GIRL   AND   MOTHER   FORCED
TO WORK IN MINES
PITTSBURG.—A 23 year old
girl and her mother worked for
years in the mines of the father
and husband it was discovered
when Anna Smoley died after being crushed by a fall of slate in
Thomas Smoley's mine. The girl
and her mother wore men's clothes
and did a regular miner's work.,
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MASSAGE   A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
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SUMMER FROCKS
AT "FAMOUS"
WHATEVER your noeds or preference may bo in dresses for
summer days, "Famous" can serve
you best. Our stocks are tremendous, giving you a wide choice. Our
style and quality aro always right.
Our prices are extremely low because
of the huge volume of business we
do. Undoubtedly, here is the place
to  buy your summer frocks.
Famous K>R£
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$10.55
Per Ton, Delivered
Nanaimo-Wellington
WASHED
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COAL
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
PATRONIZE  OUR  SUPPORTERS
A STEP toward Solidarity and Freedom is when the workers
•^support their Presa and the supporters of the great Cause
of Labor.
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
well known to many readers of The Farmer-Labor Advocate,
in order to meet competition and low wages, has decided to
reduce his charges for Dental Work to a figure within the
rainge of all.
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
OUR JULY
CLEARANCE
SALE
COMMENCES ON MONDAY THE 6th AND
CONTINUES UNTIL SATURDAY THE 18th
—This is always the greatest event of
the Summer season—greatest in point
of selection, variety and value-giving. It
will be more so than ever this year, because, owing to the backwardness of the
Spring season, stocks in every department are exceptionally large. These
must be reduced. Because the time is
short, the reductions will be extra generous.       Kp
—You will be well advised to participate
in this sale to the fullest extent possible.
—Fuller details of the sale will appear
in the Daily Press of Saturday, July 4th.
INCORPORATED   **V 2*» MAY  (670 J|. •*>
VANCOUVER lay, July 3,1925
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Mve
ftjRGEOIS FREEDOM
IN ACTION
py American Civil Liberties
Union.)
CLAHOMA.—Ray.Pierson and
Munroe, alleged Klansmen,
convicted  in  the  state  dis-
court   at   Okemah   on   May
I on a charge of riot in conlon wTlth the flogging  of S.
pjewellin,   a   farmer,   on   May
* .*    •
&UISIANA.—Five men of Ce-
Jrove were convicted on May
* on a charge of "conspiracy
t>mmit assault" growing out of
nob attack on John Barker in
and were sentenced to sev-
Bonths ln the Parish Farm.
* •    •
.RTH   CAROLINA.—A.   Grif-
la barber, leaderr of the mob
|h    took    Joseph    Needleman
the  jail  at  Williamston   in
and seriously mutilated him,
■ sentenced  on May 23  to  30
in the penitentiary by Judge
Sinclair.   Other members of
nob were given shorter sen-
es,   except   five   who   turned
l's evidence.    The jury which
jicted the mob virtually clear-
■Teedleman  of the  charge  of
for which he had been ar-
The Ku-Klux-Klan is held
Insible  for  the  attack   upon
Jleman, who is a Jew.
«    *    *
bW YORK.—A meeting of fhe
jers' Party at Buffalo on May
fvas interrupted by the police
Jacob Dworkin addressed
ludience in Yiddish. Dworkin
jThomas Sullivan, the chair-
were arrested.
♦ »    »
ILIFORNIA.—The third trial
pm Connors, former secretary
pe California Branch of the
tal Defense Committee, be-
^t Sacramento  on  May 27th
Judge Chas. O. Busick, au-
lof the Busick Injunction. Mo-
|_y the defense for change of
on   grounds   of   prejudice
fcenied.
* *    •
DST    VIRGINIA.—One    hun-
"and twenty-seven  men  and
women,    striking    miners
|ting the New England Fuel
Transportation Co. mine at
Town, were arrested on
13th for violation of a recent
{order forbidding more than
[persons on a picket line.
May    16th    eleven    others
arrested on the same charge,
ling U. A. Knapp, attorney
pe United Mine Workers, and
liter Coleman, a newspaper-
pf New York.    Coleman and
D   were   released   on   $1000
aceful   persuasion"   to   Jon.
filon was upheld by a decile Federal Judge W. E. Baker
Reeling on May 8th and de-
not in violation of the in-
Rn granted two years ago to
|rginia-Pittsburgh  Coal  Co.
owing  Judge   Baker's   deci-
ippllcation   was   entered   by
kmpany in the federal court
feeling on May llth for a
[injunction    restraining    the
[ Mine Workers from engag-
j organizing activities ln the
■idle district.
I •    »    •
ItfESSEE. — John Thomas
a teacher  of  biology  ln
Central High School atDay-
[mn.,  was arrested  on  May
a charge of violating tho
Iwhich forbids the teaching
fution in the schools sup-
in  whole  or  In   part  by
linds.
The Log Cabin, at West
Summerland, B.C., where
the Summer School of
Social Science will be
held this year. Labor
men and women from all
parts of Western Canada
and the U.S. will be present at the sessions. ;
Summer School of Social Science
PLANS NOW UNDER WAY
(By Sydney Warren.)
WEST SUMMERLAND, B.C.—
Plans for the third annual Summer school of Social Science to be
held here during the last week
in August under the auspices of
Summerland Local of the Federated Labor Party, are now being
perfected and this year's school
promises to excel that of the
previous years.
The school sessions will be held
at The Log Cabin on the beautiful
Okanagan Lake at West Summer-
land, and during the week's meetings subjects of interest to labor
men and women will be dealt
with. The object of the Summer
School is to bring together students  and  workers -of all  shades
of labor and progressive thought
for a mutual interchange of ideas
and instruction.
Speakers announced for this
year's encampment are Rose Henderson, Dr. W. J. Curry, George
W. Weaver, R. H. Neelands,
George F. Stirling and others.
Tents and camp beds will be
provided for sleeping purposes, but
visitors must bring tneir own
blankets. Meals will be served in
a common dining room, the expenses being shared on a communal basis. There are also hotel accommodations nearby for
those preferring.
Anyone planning on attending
this year's Summer School should
write to the manager, Jack Logie,
West Summerland, so that reservations can be made.
SAVE YOUR EYES
If They Trouble Yon, See Vs
BEST
|N GUARDS MURDER
NEGRO CONVICT
tKY MOUNT, N. C—Joo
{•ong, Negro convict lies dead
f. C. Gulley and R. V. Tyler,
tang guards are charged
lis murder after a whipping
Idmlnlstered. To the Feder-
press a witness stated that
nvlct's back was cut to rib-
ly the lash of the guards.
Russian  Trade  Unions
Are in Flourishing
Condition
At the last sixth U.S.S.R. Trade
Union Congress it was found that
the proportion of Workers organized in trade unions is 92 per cent.
A certain percentage of the Workers were shown to be still outside
the trade union movement.
On an average among the different provinces tlie unorganized
Workers number up to 8 per cent.,
as for instance, in the Leningrad
province 7 per cent., Odessa province 8 per cent., Chitlnsk province
6 percent., etc.
Land and Forest Workers
The two unions with the smallest proportion of members are the
All-Russian Land and Forest
Workers' Union and the State and
Trade Employees' Union.
In the All-Russlan Land and
Forest Workers' Union the number of unorganized Workers in
various localities reaches up to 36
per cent. In certain provincial
branches of the State and Trade
Employees' Union the numbe^ of
unorganized amounts to 15 per
cent.
Cause of Backwardness
In both cases the causes of there
being many unorganized Workers
who ought to be In these unions
are quite different.
The active land and forest unionists have to deal with a scattered
mass of Individual Workers spread
throughout the whole of the vast
agricultural territory of the TJ. S.
S. R.
To this difficulty there must be
sdded the great cultural backwardness of the land workers. In
the case of the State and Trade
Employees' Union, groups are necessarily left ouslde the union because according to constitution
they are ineligible for membership, even although working in
various organiations and undertakings. This applies particularly
to the members of the artels or
responsible labor.
Among the other unions tho
casual and  seasonal Workors are
generally the unorganized. The
Woodworkers' and Builders' Unions are characteristic examples.
In the case of these two unions
there is to be found in the category of the unorganized workers
chiefly peasants working on short
seasonal jobs, such as felling and
barking trees, lumber work on the
rivers, building activities, and so
on. These semi-peasant, semi-
proletarian workers have not yet
broken with their peasant holdings,
and only work for a brief period
on these seasonal jobs. But of
those engaged on work for a more
or less lengthy period (even although only for the season) the
most join up in the union.
6,500,000 Members
This is the picture for the end of
April and the beginning of May of
1he whole of the working masses
belonging to the U. S. S. R. trade
unions. The vast majority of the
workers permanently engaged ln
Ihe factories, workshops and other
undertakings are organized in the
unions, their number being at present 6,500,000. Outside the unions
are only to be found small groups
of individuals, seasonal and casual
workers, among which, however,
energetic work is being carried on
to get them drawn into the trade
union organizations.
Gives College Cash
For Dollar Sanctity
, (By Federated  Press.)
CLEVELAND. — Babbittry took
unabashed possession of Western
Reserve University at commencement, when a conditional gift of i
$200,000 for a chair in finance
and banking was announced by
Pres. Robert E. Vinson. The condition set up by the donor, a
Cleveland manufacturer, is • that
the department of finance "shall
teach as a fundamental principi-r*
the inviolability of human and
property rights—that even-handed
justice holds invested capital sacred and honorably and righteously entitled to a fair return
based upon amount of risk involved."
It is understood that the donor
will have final power in the selection of the orthodox professor
who is to enjoy the ?12,000 a
year chair in finance.
$2.50
CLASSES
On Earth
Everything for thc
EYE and EAR
A(nd Always the Best in
Quality. *
Pitman Optical House
(Over Woolworth'a—next to
famous)
015 HASTINGS STREET W.
Seymour 1071
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISER
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Fitters Get Increase
LONDON—The Industrial Court
has granted a claim put forward
by the N.U.R. on behalf of certain fitters on the Southern Railway for ls. a day in view of the
dirty and dangerous character of
their  work.
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTING! TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday in the month.
Presidont, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 66.
Lynching Decreases
In U. S.; Now Murder
Only 537 in 10 Years
(By Federated  Press.)
WASHINGTON.— Lynching has
steadily decreased, decade by decade, since the organized fight
against this characteristically American crime began in 1885, says
a report issued by the federal
council of churches through Dr.
Geo. E. Haynes, secretary of its
committee on race relations.
During the past 40 years 1038
whites and 3165 negroes have
been lynched in the United States
—an average of 105 a year, fn
the decade 1905-14 the total was
701, as against 1726 in 1885-94,
and 1239 in 1895-04. But" in the
years 1915-24 the total was only
637. White victims numbered 643
in 1885-94, 270 in 1895-04, 62 in
1905-15 and 53 in 1915-24.
Women Protest Against
Sham Air Battle
Police May Organize,
Montreal Judge Says
MONTREAL, Que.—Justice Coderre of Montreal has permanently enjoined the Montreal city
council againBt the dismissal of
policemen In that city for membership in the Policemen's Union
affiliated with the Canadian
Trades and Labor Congress, according to a report sent to the
Fire Fighters' headquarters ln
Washington. Policemen already
dismissed are to ' bring damage
suits againstt he council.
The right arm of Labor Is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE.
(B.v Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Protest to president Coolldge is made by the
Working Committee, Women's
Peace Union against the sham air
battle scheduled for June 20, over
Staten Island. The women write:
"We strongly urge you as Commander in Chief of the army and
navy to cancel all arrangements
for the sham battle in the air scheduled to be held over Staten Island
on June 20th. It Is especially offensive that a stimulation of war
should be holiday entertainment.
Moreover it is grossly misleading
since such manoeuvers display only
the adventure and glamor of war
without dramatizing the wholesale
murder which would be the result
of a real air battle. We oppose war
and the preparation for war at
all times, but lt seems especially
unfortunate that we should flaunt
our militarism at this time in view
of the situation In Mexico and Humiliation Day in Japan."
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY—Room
111, 319 Pender St. West. Business
meetings 1st and Srd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; _. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis,
3*5*1*4 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C.,  Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring information ro securing speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary .T. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vanconver. B.C. Telephone Seymour
1382,  or Bayvlew  5520.
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 371—
Moets second Thursday every month
in Holden Building. President, J. Bright-
well; financial secretary, H. A. Bow
ron,  929 llth Avenue East.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets
first nnd third Fridays in each month
at 445 Richards street. President. David
Cuthlll, 2852 Alhert street; secretary-
treasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
street.
ENGINEERS — THE INTERNA TIONAL
UNION OF RTEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 882—Meets every Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 806. Holden Building.
President, Charles Prico; business agent
ond financial secretary, F. L. Hunt; re-
cording secretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS' MUTOAT_~PROTECTTVE
UNION, Lecal 145, A. F. of M.—
Meets in Cotillion Hall, corner of Davie
and Granville streets, second Sunday et
10 a.m. President. E. A. Jamleson, 991
Nelson street: secretory, J. W. Allen,
001 Nelson street: financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or-
punkcr,   F.  Fletcher,   991  Ne'son   street.
th^vTnotTt vHciTtheatr™^
ERATION—Moets nt 991 Nelson street
nt 11 a.m, nn the Tuesday preceding
-he first Snnday of the month. Preside*^. Harry Pearson, 991 Nelson street;
secretnry. E. A. Jamleson, 991 Nelson
stren:-  business  agent,   F.  Fletcher,   991
Nelson street 	
TTpMlTAPTfTTMiriTNTON.    N".    226—
President, R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, C, F. Campbell: seeretary-trensurer, R. TI. Neelands. P.O. Box 66.
Meets last Sundav of each month at 2
p.m. in Holden Building. 16 Hastings E.
PRTNCE    RTTPEliT ~~T' YPOOR APHTCA T,
UNTON. No. 413—President, S. D
Mnedonn'd; secretary-treasurer. J. M.
Campbell. P.O. Box 6»9. Meots last
Tin.r-rdnv  of each  month.
THR CANADIAN!
Iffarmfr-Cabdr Abtwrafo
With Which Is Incorporated
THE   BRITISH   OOT,TTMBIA   .FEDERATIONIST
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAT
By tho Labor Publishing Oo.
Business  and  Editorial   Office.
1129 Howe St.
Tho Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Is
a .non-factional   weekly   newspapor,   giving  news of the farmer-labor movement
In action.
Subscription Rates: United States and
foroign, $2.50 per year; Canada, $2
per year, $1 for six months; tn union
subscribing in a body, 16c per member   per   month.
Member The Federated Press and The
British Labor Press
I Page Six
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, July 3, lj
"Highball" Logging
At Cowichan Lake
A new record for "highball"
logging has been set by Murphy
& McDonald at Cowichan Lake,
Vancouver Island. During the
month of May this outfit logged
over five and a half million feet
with a one-side camp.
The "British Columbia Lumberman," official organ of the boss
loggers, quotes A* E* Munn, M.L.
A., who really owns the concern,
as saying that the accomplishment
is the result of good timber and a
contented crew.
The reporter who wrote the
story for the "Lumberman" states
that no "highball" exists at the
camp, and no "haywire." Doubtless the "haywire" was absent,
but 5,575,979 board feet of fir
logs didn't roll Into Cowichan
Lake in one month without the
crew being speeded up to the
limit. But then, the ignoramuses
who write logging stories for
newspapers couldn't tell a "highball" camp when they saw one,
and if they did happen to know
they wouldn't mention it in a
news story. It might prevent the
story from selling, and they would
have to go without supper.
Well-What About It?
This is the fourth issue of this paper.
Everyone who has read it say .they like it. Some have
become enthusiastic in their praise.
All of this is gratifying to the editor, but it requires more
than approbation to publish a paper such as this.
The CANADIAN FAEMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is not
a profit-making venture—it needs the support of every one
of its readers.
If you- like its policy of-'featuring labor news in action,
get behind it now.   We need and expect your support today.
It's up to you—what about it?
(Cut out and send in today.)
With the Marine Worker j
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarej
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
(Deepsea and Coastal.)
The organization was successful^   Members In hospital in. Van*]
in  placing  a union  crew  aboard  ver are; Brother T. Bauldie,
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate,
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Enclosed find $  for which send me
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE.   $2 a year
—$1 six months.
Name
Address
OUR ECONOMIC SURVEY
OWNERS' SWAG 5 TIMES LABOR'S REWARD
STATE POLICE CLUB
STRIKING SILK WORKERS
SCRANTON, Pa.—State police
and sheriffs' deputies were called
to Blakely to disperse a crowd of
striking silk workers, mostly wo-
men and girls, who had marched
from Dickson City mills to the
Amalgamated Silk Co. endeavoring to get more silk workers to
join their ranks for a $3 weekly increase, bringing their wages to $15.
Three strikers were injured when
state police broke up their ranks.
—A—
BRUCE
SUIT
IS A GOOD SUIT
We pay (special attention
to fitting our suits and
so give satisfaction to
our customers.
—Prices—
$25 to $40
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Service for Btptiri
All Work Guaranteed
Special Attention to Mill Ordera
H. Harvey
Established in Vaneouvar in IStT
88  CORDOVA STREET W.
(By LELAND OLDS.)
Normalcy pours wealth into
millionaire pockets out of all proportion to the slight gains handed
to wage earners and salaried
classes. This is shown in the report of the United States commissioner of internal revenue covering personal incomes in 1923.
Through rents, royalties and interest the owning class collected
$8,235,004,648 in 1923, compared
with $5,919,605,492 in 1922.
This represents a gain of $2,-
315,339,156, or 39 per cent. The
corresponding increase in wages
and salaries was $1,082,814,665, or
8 per cent.
The income received from business, including profits on sales of
real   estate,   stocks,   bonds,    etc.,
'jumped from $5,258,250,071 in
1922 to $8,095,614,926 in 1923, an
increase of 54 per cent. Taking
business income and property income together, we discover a
combined increase of $5,212,704,-
011, approximately five times the
increase in salaries and wages reported!
The proportion of income from
property to income from salaries
and wages increased from 43 per
cent, to 56 per cent., while the
proportion of income from business and property to salaries ana
wages increased from 81 per cent,
to 110 per cent.
The changes in income from
salaries, wages, business and property since 1918, when reports first
covered all net incomes over
$1000 ,are shown as follows:
the Hudson's Bay Company's Arctic vessel, S.S. Baychlmo. Negotiations are now being planned with
the Kingsley Navigation Company
and the Coastwise Steamship and
Barge Company regarding condi-
ditions, and particularly with reference to securing a day off for
seamen aboard vessels owned by
the above-named concerns, It ls
likely that the C.P.R. will take
Part in the negotiations.
*-'•■-;«
Many applications for membership in the Federated Seafarers'
Union of B.C. have been received
and will be passed on at the next
regular meeting, Tuesday, July 7.
Meeting will be held in headquarters, Rooms 5, 6 and 7, Flaek
Building, 163 Hastings street west,
at 8 o'clock. AU members are
asked to be present.
* *    ♦
The members of Vancouver
headquarters of the Federated
Seafarers' Union are planning on
new furnishings for the rooms
and a billiard and pool table are
among the articles of furniture
listed. The Victoria branch at 11
Green Block, Broad street, is also
going to be refitted.
• *    •
Some activity was shown on the
waterfront during the past month,
several changes taking place on
the vessels of the C.P.R. and
other companies. Members of the
organization aboard the North
Vancouver Ferries are now having
their annual fortnight's holiday,
taking them turn about.
6, Oeneral Hospital, doing nid
Brother James Scott, late ofj
Canadian   Importer,   and   Brq
D.  Gosse,  are at St. Paul's
pital.    Fruit, papers and supj
are   taken  to  these  men   wel
and they are visited by the
gates three times a week. '
Income Wages, etc Business Property
1918  $8,267,391,560 $4,630,455,322 $4,847,914,601
1919  10,755,692,651 6,708,344,984 4,973,648,190
1920  15,270,373,354 5,927,327,538 6,492,568,961
1921  13,813,169,166 4,170,363,591 5,345,249,176
1922.  13,393,992,791 5,258,260,071 5,919,665.492
1923  14,776,807,456 8,095,614,926 8,235,004,648
The amounts collecteO in divi-
dents, interest, rents and royalties
in 1923 were the highest ever recorded. Dividends amounted to
$3,569,924,264, compared with $2,-
664,219,081 in 1922, $2,735,845,795
in 1920, and $2,448,749,244 in
1918, an increase of 44 per cent,
in five years. Interest amounted
to $2,762,866,525, compared with
$2,030,517,413 in 1922 and $1,-
403,485,691 in 1918, an increase
of 97 per cent. Rents and royalties   totaled   $1,912,213,859,   com
pared with $1,224,928,998 in 1922
and $975,679,666 In 1918, an increase of 96 per cent.
Rents, royalties, interest, dividends and profits from the sale
of stocks and bonds are the chief
items in the incomes of multimillionaires. The enormous growth
in income from these sources accounts for the increase in the
number of large incomes. It
shows the increasing toll the upper classes are collecting at the
expense of the poor.
GARY SAYS HE EATS
TOO MUCH BUT PAYS
HANDS 44c AN HOUR
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.—"We business men eat too much and we eat
too much food to please the palate," Elbert H. Gary, chairman of
the board of directors of the United
States Steel corporation, said here
as he left for New York, following
a two-weeks' diet. Gary was recovering from an attack ot indigestion, caused by overeating.
Gary's steel trust employees,
paid only 44 cents an hour, are in
no danger from suffering from the
same malady.
DOES YOUR WATOH GIVE SATISFACTION?
IF NOT,  SEND IT TO
FRED. KALTENBACH
806 OARRALL STREET IN RAINIER HOTEL
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER
•Waltham, Hamilton and IlUr_ola VTaMhm Kept ta Stock
UNDER SPECIAL GUARANTEE
HAROLD    BENDEROLDZ
DIES OF INJURIES
VICTORIA, B. C—Harold
Benderoldz, member of the
Canadian Seafarers' Union,
who met with an accident
at Stewart, B.C., while a
member of the crew of the
S.S. Griffco, died of the Injuries at Stewart on June
23rd. The body of the late
brother was brought from
Stewart to Victoria, where
the funeral took place June
29th.
"Benny," as he was popularly known on the waterfront, will be missed by
many members of the union
with whom he had been
shipmates.
The secretary of the Canadian Seafarers' Union sent
condolences to Mrs. Benderoldz, his widowed mother,
on behalf of the members
and the executive.
Soviet Sailor Men Ei
Good Working
Conditions
LIVERPOOL,    England.—J
Soviet steamer,  Bordienny,  wJ
visited Liverpool recently, attrj
ed much attention among Brij
sailors not only because of itsj
cial halls elaborately furnished!
all members of the crews, but i
because  of the long rest per
provided for tho men.    On all']
viet   Russian   ships   the   seal
work four hours with eight
off,   while   the   stokers   do
hour shifts with a 12-hour bj
between their turns of duty.
It was explained to tjie Bri
visitors that Russian  seamen |
never without a job or a shipl
their vessels are tied up, or in <1
for repairs, the pay goes on rl
larly until they go to sea a|
whether  in  the  same  or  anq
vessel.    One month's,  leave
full pay, is grantod annually vi
the seamen either visit their h<j
or bring their families to the j
of  their arrival, the  expense
travel being borne by the staH
Most Soviet vessels carry aij
phan boy,"to whose upkeep alt
crew contributes. This monef
cumulates until the young mal
comes of age, when it is for J
to decide what trade or profe|
he will follow. Most of these)
come from the Ukraine and 6.%\
jobs about the ship.
For live  readable news Ol)
farmer-labor movement, read j
' CANADIAN        FARMER-LAl
ADVOCATE.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings Eastj
HAROLD DEGG and
BOB KRAUSE
Lata 54th Batt and 72nd Bid
MAINLAND CIGAR ST0RI
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.I
Red Star Drug Stori
^	
"The Mail Order Druggists"
Wt Make a Speolal Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall]
After Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Cordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.C iday, July 3,1925
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
jlice Bantered By
[Communist Women at
Glasgow Conference
JLASGOW.—-Forty plain-clothes
bn and police sought to force
eir way into the hall in Glasgow
(en forty Communist women
re in conference.
a   concession  they   detailed
[r of their number to enter the
1 and make a search for aliens.
Told  that  each would  have  to
j-e their names to the officers the
Kmen replied by singing the "In-
rnational,"   and   flatly   refused
information.
The   police   retorted   that   they
ust hear each woman speak in
_n.   And then the fun began.
Irs. Helen Crawford, who was
esiding, led off:  "An comerach-
Idu! It's a braw, brlcht, mune-
ht nicht, the nicht, Hooch Aye-"
her Scottish women gravely told
e police to "Go pipe-clay yeer
An    Irish   woman    from
Iverpool greeted them in Esper-
to and Nannie Stewart (daugh-
: of the Communist candidate for
(indee) greeted them in Russian.
Questioned afterwards, Nan al-
;ed that she had told them she
Idn't know what they meant, and
in't care."
3ut it sounded a lot worse than
Kt.    Much worse.
Vnyway, the police left—and the
{imen are still laughing.
cpenditures on Military
Increase Rapidly in
Great Britain
"Bare - Foot" Economics*
Of British Labor
|(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—An interesting com-
rison between the British Gov-
(iments national expenditure of
s year and that of 1914 is conned in a White Paper issued
ently.
Amongst the increases are the
lowing:
National    Debt    Services    from
IVt  million* to £365 million,
irmy   trom   £28%    million   to
i\_ million.
iavy   from    £51%    million   to
y_ million.
\ix Force from nil to £15% mil-
\\b. Age Pensions from £10 mil-
to £26% million.
lucation   Grants   from   £16%
Ulon to £47 million,
jcealth  and  Unemployment * In-
ance from £6% million to £20
|ion.
[lousing Subsidies nil to £9 mil-
»,    •
Par Pensions nil to £66 million,
['he  total  Budget  estimate   for
-15.were £205 million, as corned with £799% million for the
►ent year.
)r Olympic Games
Planned in Europe
British Labor Press Service)
)NDON.~More   than   100,000
Iters from various countries will
ficlpate in the First Workers'
|npic  Games,  which  will  take
at Frankfort-on Main, from'
[ 24-28, under the auspices of
I International Workers' Sports
elation.
,e Workers' Sports Interna-
il which forms the basis of the
elation, has 18 national
ches, comprising about 1,500,-
iffiliated members. These fig-
are exclusive of workers'
[.a associations of Holland,
nark, Sweden, Norway and the
lan States, which are affiliated
lie Communist Red Sports In-
ittional in Moscow.
A.-.V. Big Benefit BiU
Lnefits amounting to £6,000,-
Ihave been paid by the Amal-
ated Engineering Union to its
fibers since 1920. This reliable disclosure was made by
Brownlie in his presidential
I ess at the annual conference
he  A.E.U.  at  Southport  last
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON. — While unemployed
men, their wives and their children are walking * the streets
without any boots to their feet,
boot operatives are finding the
factory doors closed in their
faces.
According to the Shoe and
Leather Record, the falling off in
the home trade has been very
marked at Kettering, whilst at
Stafford orders have not been received ln sufficient quantities to
keep the factories running for
consecutive weeks, and at Leicester the Record's correspondent
says:
Business people here are, of
course,   resigned  to   the   fact
that   it   is   useless   to   expect
any substantial revival in the
shoe trade while conditions in
the Iron and  coal trades  remain so depressed.
Which   means,   in   plain   terms,
that  the  miners and ironworkers
are  not  earning  enough  to  keep
themselves in shoe leather.
Britain Has Huge
Army of Parasites
(British Labor Press Service.)
LONDON.—Out of a total pop
illation in England and Wales of
37,886,000 in 1921, no fewer than
20,712,000 people (including 9,
5U0.000 children under 14 years
ot age) are classified as non-
workers. There are 17,174,000
people returned as "occupied," or
45 per cent, of the population.
.These  figures are  given  in the
census of occupations recently is
sued  by the census office.
Tables show that the number of
people engaged in work connected
with local and national government has increased from 701,000
in 1911 to 1,043,000 in 1921; the
latter figure represents a percent
age of 6.1 per cent, of all the
occupied people.
Pass  this   copy  to   your   shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Gastronomic Orgies
For Rich and Longer
Hours For Workers
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—Even though our
High Society may not know what
is good for itself, it certainly knows
what is best for the lower orders.
And so we get Sir G. B. Hunter,
stating in the Daily Courier, that
his firm "is not likely to get more
orders till the people learn to work
harder and longer hours."
In another column of the same
day's paper appears an argument
in support of the "longer hours"
theory.
This is how it runs:
"The parties people are giving
these days are becoming increasingly romantic. Mrs. Van den
Bergh entertained her guests with
staged tableaux, and Mrs. Corrigan
gave an Oriental dinner in a Persian silken tent, while Eastern
dingers and beauties performed.
Then there was Lady Gibbon's
dance, that ended at four in the
morning with eggs and bacon."
When the workers are next asked to surrender their eight-hour
day, let them think of the strenuous twenty-hour day of the Society
leader, and shed a tear'on her behalf.
The right arm of Labor ls r>
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE.
Clydebank Tenants J
Repudiate Arrears
In New Rent War
GLASGOW—A new development
ln the Clydebank rent war took
place recently when the factors of
property tn the burgh were Inundated with registered letters from
their tenants repudiating liability
for any arrears shown on the rent
books. The majority of the letters
in uniform formality stated—"I
hereby repudiate all liability for
any arrears that you may have
against me."
Paid too Much Already
This action, adopted by the tenants on an extensive scale, is stated
to be the sequel to a decision of
Sheriff Menzies at Dumbarton
Sheriff Court, and more particularly on account of remarks which
he made in pronouncing judgment,
A few letters stated that, instead
of arrears being due, as shown by
Uie rent book, the amounts paid
were in excess of the legal rent,
and that henceforth current rent
would be retained until the arrears
claim had been deleted from the
rent book.
Sheriff's Decision
Interviewing the officials of
Clydebank Labor Housing Asso., on
whose advice the tenants have ad
opted this step, they explained that
tenants pled at Dumbarton Sheriff Court that their arrears were
overstated in the rent books.
Sheriff Menzies held that the rent
book was a statement of the posi
tion of the tenant in relation to the
tent owing to the factor. It tenants were careless enough, he said
to allow factors to insert large
sums of money representing ar
rears in the rent books which the
tenants refused to admit, then un
less they could produce evidence to
satisfy him that they had repudiated the arrears they must be
held to be responsible for them.
Got What They Asked
The officials stated that they
warned the tenants to take the first
opportunity of repudiating any arrears for which they held that they
were not liable for verbal statement in the presence of witnesses,
by handing a letter of repudiation
to the factor in the presence of
witnesses, or by the sending of a
registered letter.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate  when  buying.
|MtlH"il*-l.|*,t,.-*..t..t..».lt..*,„>,.<M>..*,„>„i„<„t„<„t,
Chinese Strikers
Appeal to British
Trade Unionists
THE following cable was
A recently received by the
British lalior movement,
from tlie Chinese strikers in
Shanghai:
TO THE BRITISH
WORKERS
Comrades 1 Tlie Workers
in Great Britain! We arc
striking In China, but we are
under the British bayonets.
The death roll has been
Increasing every hour.
We are engaged in a Ufe
and death struggle.
Any possible action you
cam take to stop your Government representatives from
using brutal forces and to
bring them back to reason Is
a great step towards humanity and international brotherhood.
Noble Comrades! Think of
your lofty ideals.   Think of
our  international   bonds  as
Workers!
THE CHINESE STRIKERS'
ASSOCIATION
Shanghai, June 2.
«.*ii.iiniiiiiini I e i i i i in inii|inimiiiiiiiil
The Strenuous Life
Of British Royalty
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.— "How many people"
demands the Daily Express, "have
worked harder, or as hard as the
King and Queen since their return
from their Mediterranean tour?"
To this idiotic question the Daily
Express does not attempt an answer, going on .instead to furnish
a perfectly senseless account of the
"strenuous life" of the royal
couple. >
Samples of the "work" done by
the King are as follows:
April 28. The'lting left for
Newmarket.
May 1. The King returned from
Newmarket.
We are not told exactly what
this "strenuous" achievement amounts to in the way of services rendered, nor that for these four days
His Majesty received over £6,600
The rest of the schedule is a long
list of receptions, Courts, dinners,
shows, theatres and other entertainments.
Titled Sycophants
Get Enormous Doles
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—Mr. Chamberlain's
friends in High Society, unlike tile
widows and the aged, get their
pensions without contributing a
single penny.
There is, for instance, the noble
lord upon whom descends the title
of Earl Nelson. This lucky individual gets £5,000 a year for ever.
Likewise, the fortunate person
upon whom descends the title of
Lord Rodney gets £2,000 a year for
ever.
The heirs of the Duke of Schom-
berg get £450 a year in perpetuity.
Yet the nation cannot afford 10s
a week to the widow, when doles
like those quoted above are paid
without a murmur of protest.
Trade Union Unity
Greatest Move Ever
Made, Says Purcell
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—"One of the main
aims of the move towards International Unity is to do something to
strengthen the Trade Union movement on the Continent," declared
Mr. A. A. Purcell, Vice-Chalrman
of the Trades Union Congress, in
his address to the Summer School
of the National Council of Labor
Colleges.
"The reason why the British
Trades Union Congress is beginning with the Russian Trade Union Movement is because it is the
only large Continental Trade Union organiaztion that is not suffering from internal disputes.
"Some people think that the
problem can be settled simply by
the Russian Trade Union Movement affiliating to Amsterdam.
This is a fundamental error, as,
apart from other objections, It
would leave out the many dissident Unions on the Continent,
which it is vital should be brought
into the folds of an International
Trade Union organization.
"Moreover, it would be a fundamental mistake to overlook the rapid development of Trade Unionism in the East—in India, China,
Japan. In Egypt, for example,
there is one Union with 12,000
members which publishes a paper
in Arabic edited by a woman cigarette-maker.
"I am convinced that the action
of the British General Council was
the greatest move made by the
present generation of Trade Unionists, and that, despite all difficulties, it will ultimately be crowned with success."
Farm Laborers Seek
48-Hour Work Week
LONDON.—A demand for a
minimum wage of at least ls. an
hour for a 48-houv week, and the
undertaking of large scale State
farming wherever possible are the
outstanding l'eautres of a resolution on agricultural policy, passed
by the Executive of the Labor
Party, for the endorsation of the
National Convention.
The special clause of the resolution are aimed directly against
.he selfish exploitation' of land for
purposes of "sport" and the under-
cultivatlen of large areas by inefficient occupiers.
Trade Union Tendencies
The trade union movement Oi
the various industrial countries
have always been mari-ted oy
strong national characteristics.
The French, with their passioi.
for local autonomy and group
Initiative and their marked anti-
political tendency; the Germans,
with their orderly arrangement
and strong centralization and internal discipline; the Belgians,
with their close union of political,
industrial and co-operative organization; the Americans, with their
exclusiveness and hostility to Socialism; the British—pioneers in
the trade union field—wtth their
strength in defence combined with
weakness in attack, and their
elasticity of structure combined
with lack of effective co-ordination; all bear the stamps of their
distinctive national histories.—
The New Statesman.
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Subscribe to The Advocate
For a Day's Outing
GO TO
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eastern Ry.
(Via No. Vancouver Olty Ferries)
TRAINS BTTN AS FOLLOWS ON
SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS
Leave North Vancouver for all
stations 8:40 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past each hour until 8:80
p.m. Return from Whyteeliff
9:25 a.m. and 25 minutes past
each hour until 9:25 p.m.
Purchaso Tickets at Ferry Wharf
and 533 Oranvllle Strut
Return Fares From Vancouver:
Adults 70c; Children 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. 300       Seymour 9331
WEAR-
LECKIE
SHOES
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For wori\ or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
J. LECKIE CO.
Limited tage Eight
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, July 3, |
OPEN FORUM
fecUUrUd HP^
QUESTION BOX
Address  All  Letters   a,nd
Remittances to the Editor
1% (Eanaitatt Jffarm?r-Sabi«r A^unat^
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, R.C.
$2 A TEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
IS IT not about time that some of
the representations published
so freely by the capitalist press,
in Canada (as well as elsewhere)
about Russia, be now corrected,
and let a little truth appear? Even
the Tory Sunday paper, the (London "Observer" has had to correct
the lying accounts of the destruction of art treasures by the Bolsheviks. Sir Martin Conway, Tory
M.P. for the English Universities
has spent several months in Russia collecting materials for a book,,
recently published on "Art Treasures in Soviet Russia".
It is rich to read what the old
Tory paper says in review:
"It is comforting to learn from a
source so authoritative as Sir
Martin Conway the result of his
thorough personal investigation of
the surprising condition of the
museums and art galleries of Soviet Russia—SURPRISING, INDEED, AFTER THE ACCOUNTS
OF WANTON WHOLESALE DESTRUCTION AND PILLAUi$
WHICH REACHED WESTERN
EUROPE AT THE TIME OF THE
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION. Sir
Martin has recently inspected tlie
Hermitage, the Imperial Palaces,
the Kremlin, the Crown jewels,
and the numerous museums and
galleries of'Moscow and Leningrad
(or Petersburg), and he reports
that NOTHING HAS BEEN LOST,,
NOTHING DESTROYED,- NOTHING STOLEN; that important additions have been made to the old
museums, and that numerous new
museums have been opened.
* * »"  *
"That the confiscated private art
treasures are being sorted and catalogued; that private residences
taken from their wealthy owners
are kept intact as museums and
looked after by their former owners; that all the museums are administered by competent and enthusiastic scholars; that the Soviet
Government has taken in hand the
careful restoration of ancient
paintings, and brought back to its
original condition many a precious
work of art hidden under coat upon coat of later paint; that the
rising generation is brought up to
a  proper  appreciation  of  art  in
every form.
* » **. •
"IN BRIEF, THAT ART IS RESPECTED AND FLOURISHES
UNDER SOVIET RULE AS IT
HAS NEVER FLOURISHED UNDER TSARISM!
* •    •
"No one can accuse Sir Martin
Conway of Bolshevik sympathies.
He went to Russia with an open
mind, and he relates his experience
in a frank and open manner, as an
impartial observer and as an art-
lover dazzled by the incredible
splendour and wealth of the treasures inspected by him."
THE ANNUAL SATURNALIA of forest destruction, caused
by the devastating H_-ethods of modern logging, has commenced. On the Capilano watershed, which supplies Vancouver with the major portion of its water, ten thousand
aeres have been burned over, and according to the city watershed ranger it will take from twenty to one hundred years
to repair the damage. The fire was not an accident, any
more than a mouse getting into a trap that has been set for
it is an accident. Those who are responsible for permitting
modern logging methods are as much guilty of incendiarism
as if they had deliberately placed a lighted match to it. Littering the ground to a depth of several feet with smashed-
down young growth, dry brush and unsalable logs is creating
a condition that must inevitably result in a forest fire. Not
a timber claim has been logged on the B.C. coast during the
past ten years but is a firetrap, and those responsible for this
condition are the profit-hungry lumbermen and the subservient, office-seeking, loot-minded political quacks, in whose
control the forests have been placed, and who are mentally
and morally hog-tied with all the ideological strings that accompany a vested interest in capitalism.
QUESTIONS
J. R. S., North Vancouver-
Thanks for apreciation of paper in
its new form. Your letter is typical of several we have received.
Shall bo glad of letter for publication on the lines you refer to; anything bearing on the farming question will be welcomed.
«    •    t
W. H.,Nanalmo.—Carlyle said:
"A widow Is gathering nettles for
her children's supper. A perfumed landlord. . . has an alchemy by
which he will extract from her
every third nettle, and call it Rent
and Law."
UIREBUGS, we are informed by the daily press, probably
started one of the forest fires on Vancouver Island. The
same lumber company that gave out this choice piece of propaganda sang a similar song two years ago. At that time a
watchman was present when the fire started, and there was
neither sufficient water nor fire-fighting facilities for him to
extinguish the blaze. When the fire got going good, and the
countryside was a seething mass of flame, the company stated
tii at in their opinion the fire was of incendiary origin, if
any firebugs exist it is the lumbermen; they create the condition which causes forest fires, just as they connived with
vhe scabby-minded Liberal government of B.C. to bear the
eost of fire-fighting, pay those so employed twenty-five cents
an hour, and if they refused to work for that starvation wage
send them to jail for a term.    Truly, in British Columbia
lumber is king.
* *       *       #       ♦
DESTRUCTION OF A MORAL KIND can only be avoided
by building up an aristocracy, is the opinion of a scribe
in the Vancouver Province. We are informed that this aristocracy is necessary that they may become "the exemplification of all that is best in the race, and the admiration of the
common man." Probably the hack who gave birth to this
idea is suffering from an "inferiority complex," and requires
an aristocratic model after whose image he can recreate himself. But it is unlikely that anyone possessing even the
faintest knowledge of the degeneracy of all aristocrats will
desire to follow in their footsteps. That certainly would be
"destruction of a moral kind." A glance through history
should convince anyone of that fact. What the working class
of this continent require is not the creation of an aristocracy,
but the sweeping into oblivion of all those who prey upon
them, and that includes our wouldbe aristocrats as well as
certain newspaper writers.
# #       *      *       *
THINKING IS ALMOST A LOST ART, is the opinion of
~ Arnold Bennett. Apparently he forgot to add that it
never was very widely known or practiced. Certainly there
are but few signs of "sustained thinking" in the present age,
and for that there is a reason. Lashed with the fear of unemployment and want, the great mass of the population—
the working class*—are forced to spend their lives toiling at
tasks frequently uncongenial and repulsive; tasks which sap
the vitality and render mental effort an impossibility. Those
who do not work, who live by preying on labor—the master
class—are either too inert and sodden from trying to spend
the fruits of labor's energy, or else are too much concerned
with increasing their wealth to think of anything more inspiring than 10 per cent, more on common stock. But, deplorable as their mental plight may be, the only creative mental
effort existing today comes from the working class. They,
and they alone, are capable of smashing the capitalist-begotten
mental chains of today and ushering in an era in which men
and women can think without the trammels of ignorant prejudice and naked poverty.   That is our historic task.
HOW IMPERIALISM
CRUSHED CHINA
1820-1830. British Eaat India
Company netted over $7,500,000
per annum from the import of
opium to China, despite repeated
protests from Chinese govern*
ment.
1830. Chinese government sent an
envoy to Canton, who confiscated
and sank 20,000 boxes of opium.
1840-1842. Britain declared war
on China, defeated her, made
her pay costs of the war, and
secured a "lease" of Hong Kong,
now the biggest port in China.
Opium question left out of the
peace treaty.
1850-1804. Peasant revolt ln
China against the Emperor, who
was in thc hands of the BrKlsh.
Revolt known as Taiping rebellion, and finally crushed by
troops organized by General Gordon.
1805. Chinese seicd a British ship
laden witli opium. British declared war wliich lasted off and
on untU 1860. As a result of the
war:
(a) Import of opium to China
was legalized.
(b) British received territory on
mainland opposite Hong Kong,
(o) Tientsin declared a free port,
i.e., not uudcr Chinese Customs.
(d) Customs placed under foreign control.
(e) Special  tarrifl's  established
i'or foreign merchants.
1860-1000. China lost a number
of territories by "lease," "concession," or simple robbery, to all
the great powers—Burma, An-
_i_un, Tonkin, Korea, Formosa,
Kio-Chau, Port Arthur, Wel-Hai-
Wei, etc., besides all kinds of
special privileges In regard to
mining, customs, etc.
1900-1901. A second peasant rising against the foreign imperialists (the so-called "Boxer Rebellion") was crushed by international troops. China was forced
to pay $300,000,000. indemnity,
admit foreign troops into Pekin,
etc.
1900. Japan sciezd Eastern Mongolia.
1914. Japan took over Shantung
from Germany.
CAPITALIST PEA*
TT'S a world of violence
ln.   Nature is violent, and
more violent still. Compared
the human animal, the
ous beasts of the jungle ar
tie creatures.
At the end of a war in
ten millions were slaught
thirty millions mutilated, t'
for blood is unappeased.
preparations ore being mad
another   saturnalia   of   hon
fury.
America ls mobilizing her]
for the practice ol "war
Japan is feverishly inc
her naval and aerial strength
Great Britain ls building
cruisers and spending £20,1
on a naval base.
France has "the biggest aril
Europe and the greatest air J
and, not satisfied with thl
ganization of terror, ls subsl
armies in Poland, Czecho-SliJ
and Rumania.—Australian
er.
The owner of the means of life
today partakes of the nature of a
highwayman; he stands with his
gun before societies' temple; it
depends upon him whether the
million mass may work, earn, eat
and live. The capitalist system of
production and exchange must be
supplanted if progress ls to continue.—Rt. Rev. William Montgomery Brown, D.D.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETO.
401-108 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W„ Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 6668 and 6667
"IF I HAD ONLY
KNOWN BEFORl
THIS is an exclamation we]
ten hear when comparison^
prices is made in the store, j
Boys'     Brown    Running     Stj
crepe    sole,    sizes    1*5.      j
cial       ||
Men's   Oxfords,   new   toe,   bif
or black,  sizes  6*10..
Men's Cotton  Socks, regular,'
5 pairs for 	
Men's  White  Hemstitched
kerchiefs, i for	
Men's  All-Wool  Cashmere   SJ
hand knit, assorted colors.f
Wool Bathing Suits—Boys'
Men's   	
Arthur Frith&
Men's   and   Boyi'    Furnlsk
Rats, Boots and Shoes^
2313 MAIN STREE
Between   7th   and   8th   Av-j
Phone Fair. 14
WE HAVE AN UNLD
SUPPLY OP
3-Ply
panel:
Fir or Lamatco
We Sell Direct to]
BUILDERS
or in Small Quantity
We Deliver
anywhere and at your
venience. We can also
ply you the right
PAINTl
VARNISH OR STAI|
SEE OUR SAMPIil
Gregory&Rj
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117Hastin|
Closing Out Hastings Street Branj
AU Goods Reduced 25%
We have only 30 days to dispose of the stock and ]
tures before the new tenant takes possession.   All clj
and fresh merchandise.
PHIS IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY TO SAVE
W. B. BRUMMIT1
412 HASTINGS STREET WEST

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