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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-01-22

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Full Text

 TOE CANADIAN
ADVOCATE
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
eenth Year, No. 3
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1926
Eight Pages.
5e A COPY
algary Jobless Fill Let' bridge Jail
Italian Workers
[law Transport Unity
[lBOURNB,  Australia.—
-At a conference of all un-
iigaged ln transport work. In
klia it was decided to form
pig   union  of  the  transport
B, to embrace 100,000 union-
►The provisional constitution
lies for a federal council to
pi all disputes likely to ex-
beyond one state.   No cessa-
If work Is to take jilace with-
f.e authority of the state coun-
acerned.
Wnlsts included in the new
fare waterside workers, coal-
Lrs, seamen, stewards, ship-
Its, ship painters, marine en-
fB, draymen, carters, motor
tramway employes, rail-
shlpmen and locomotive  en-
Alberta Government Forced to F jvide Relief      independent Union
erialists Row in
China Over Customs
CING,   China.—The   conflict
(en rival imperialisms is show-
tirough the veneer of dlplo-
politleness at the  customs
fence here.    Japan's delega-
seeking to win a compro-
[wlth American and British
ttes whereby the chief artl-
Bent into China from; Japan
included* in the list of those
(ed the lowest surtaxes.
Japanese want their Imports
dhlna charged at no higher
2% per cent., while Amerl-
Itrylng to "aid China" by get-
fapanese imports on the high
nle list charging IS per cent.
arrel is delayinp; the confer-
|nese say that Japan and
have joined together in
hg pressure on the Chinese
nment to force the tottering
[tonal president, old Tuan Chi-
remain. Tuan is more or
a. control of the reactionary
clique which is opposing the
aalist  liberation  movement.
(Special to The Advocate)
r<AIiGlARY, Alta.—With Leth*.
brldge jail filled to capacity
with unemployed* workers, and the
wardens sending onu notices that
no more prisoners can be accommodated, the jobless workers ln
this town are compelling, the prop
vlncial government to come to
their aid..
On Monday, January llth, 12
unemployed men- walked Into restaurants, ordered meals, and afterwards informed the proprietors
that they had no money to pay
for what they had eaten. The
twelve were imlmediately arrested,
tried, and ordered to pay a fine
of $$.00 each or go to jail for
thirty days. Not having $5 they
went to Jail.
Next day 14 more unemployed
did the same thing, and inside of
two days the number had increased
to 40, and showed all signs of still
growing. When the last batch arrived ln Lethbrldge the officials in
charge of that jail sent out notices
that the place was full, and "no
more accommodation was available."
According to figures compiled
by the Calgary "Albertan" of the
first 40 arrested all but four were
born In the British Isles or in a
British possession. Strange to relate they are not accused of being
"foreigners."
On the afternoon of Thursday,
January 14th, a delegation of four
unemployed, two representing the
single men and two the married,
waited on the mayor of Calgary
and complained about the way the
relief officer was handling his job.
The mayor replied that he had
every confidence in the relief officer, and turning to the single
men he said: "Do you think we
are going to give relief to single
fellowB like you when we have
men with familes like these coming to us?"
As the men could receive no
satisfaction from the mayor they
went away, hut shortly afterwards
about fifty passed the city hall
going In the direction of the government employment office. -At
five o'clock they returned about
300 strong, and sent another delegation to see the council.
Movement Growing
The delegation pointed out that
they had  heard  relief was  being
given "to single men in Edmonton Ottawa.—(FP)—The  movement
by the government, and asked that for  Canadian unions independent
steps be taken to secure them the of the A. F. of L. appears to be
same measure of relief. growing.     The   two   recently, re-
The result was that a wire was ported splits among the boiler-
sent the provincial government at makers and commercial tele-
Edmonton, and that body prom- graphers have borne fruit in new
ised to provide work If possible, unions. The boilermakers are or-
and relief if no work can be got. ganlzing as locals of the Canadian
The fact that Lethbridge jail was Brotherhood of Railway Employes,
full, and a report abroad that 100 and two new charters are reported
of the unemployed intended making a "peaceful invasion" on restaurants,   doubtless   had   a   great
applied for, one in Montreal and
the other in Sherbrooke, Que. The
commercial     telegraphers     have
deal to do with the decision of the formed the Electrical Communica-
Alberta   government,   although   It tion Workers of Canada.    Henry
was reported that some of the un- Lynch .lately general chairman ln
employed had signified their their the  Canadian National  Telegraph
willingness to go to Fort Saskatch- division of the C. T. U. A;, is head
ewan if necessary.'in order to eat. of the new boay-
What a commentary on the ef- ;
forts of the Canadian government Legfcm Salaries DeVOUr
to bring in more immigrants when ^j.
men already here are forced to go State S Welfare FlinOS
to   jail  in   order  to  secure  food.  —
However, what has taken place, ln DETROIT.—(FP)—Serious   dis- .
Calgary is  further  evidence  that closures of graft in the use of the
only those who organize their for- quarter-tnllllon-dollar welfare fund
ces and go after what they want -of the Michigan department of the
will get it.
Blacksmith's President    Scott Nearing to Tell    Albertan Co-operative
To Assume New Duties    Workers About Russia
Crafts Resist
Speeding-Up System
3NEY. — (FP) — M*achinifets
filled craftsmen employed in
ailway shops ln New South
have taken steps to put an
the speeding-up system. The
tinists have ordered members
engage in piece, bonus or
ket work under a penalty of
|r the first offence,  $10 for
and and' expulsion for the
Taylor*   time-oard   system
the    disastrous    general
of 1917.    It was said at
txtt that unless effective pro-
made, more speeding-up
fallow.   When the shopmen
defeated the card system was
ted to the fullest extent, and
long displaced, by the Tay-
[mns system.   Under thiB men
forced  to compete- against
lother and bonuses were paid
(cess production. >
bonus system destroyed
ladeship between the men and
Responsible for bad workman-
CHICAGO.—(FP)— After a
quarter century as an official of
the International Brotherhood of
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers and
helpers, President James W. Kline
will retire in June, it is announced
at the union's headquarters in
Chicago. Leaving the union presidency, which he has held practically 21 years, he will devote himself
mora exclusively to the presidency
of the Continental Drop Forge
Machine Co., which is producing
automobile and .railroad specialties
based on patents.
The union had a tremendous expansion to 50,000 members under
wartime conditions but now numbers 5,000 compared with 8,500 tn
1915. It suffered severely during
the^ disastrous railroad shop Btrike
of 1922 and from the growing use
of automatic power machinery.
Says Moscow Directs
U. S. Anti-Militarists
NEW YORK.—(FP) — "Don't
let 'em1 fool you," Captain Qeorge
Darte, national adjutant general
Military Order of World War,
told the New York branch. He
charged that the American students' revolt against compulsory
military training in colleges ls
connected with Communist Internationale activities) directed from
JWoscow. William B. Otis, professor at N. Y. City College, said
that not one-half of one per cent,
of City College students were communists is spite of their overwhelming vote against compulsory military, training. He declared the students objected to the
compulsion and pointed out that
Yale, Harvard, Princeton and
other big colleges did not require
military training.
NEW YORK — (F P) r- Scott
Nearing is returning from his
European trip to make an extended lecture tour In the United
States and Canada, beginning at
New York city. His subjects will
be: "What I" Saw in Soviet Russia, and "Education in the Soviet
Republic."
Nearing writes that one can't
see everything In Russia in two
months, the time he spent there,
so he concentrated on education
to make hs visit most effective.
He plans to write a book on educational work in the Soviet Republic, his secretary Ruth Stout
announces. Five pamphlets by
Scott Nearing are being published
by Social Science Publishers, 7
West 106th St., New York. The
titles are: "Glimpses of the Soviet
Republic," "Russia Turns East,"
"Stopping a War" (the French offensive against the Riffs), "World
Labor Unity," and "British Labor
Bids for Power" (on the Scarborough conference of British Trade
Union Congress.
American legion are being made.
A report made to the state legislature under pressure, shows that
since 1921 a total of $133, 944.97
Has Successful Year wa8 pent on saIaries' *43-s?4-53 on
  travelling expenses and  only $8,-
,-,.,* ...^,.     , 851.78  on  financial  aid  to needy
CALGARY.-'Optimism,    satis- ex^ervlce  mfen and  thelr depen.
faction with the present and faith dents.   Thia (und was ,eft virtuallv
in the future," were the feelings at the disposa] of> one mmi Mark
expressed  by shareholders at the T.  MeKe6|  d,rectlng head  of the
annual  meeting  of the  Edgerton welfare    departnWMlt)    who    hired
Co-operative Association,  states a whom   he   pIeased   at   whatOTer
report  received  by the U.  F. A. figure he pleased.   Wayne county
from H. Woodruff, the seoretary. politicians,    including   a    Detroit
The financial report showed a pro- councilman,   are  shown* to  have
fit of $985 on a total business of been beneficiaries.
$39,307, after payment of all expenses and dividends.
E.  Herbert Spencer,  the presi-
Until now few outside legion administrative circles, were aware of
the huge payments that have been
dent,   in  his address  referred  to  made to the legion at the direction
the balance sheet as proof of the  of the legislature.    Including the
most successful .year  In the his-  special   fund,
tory of the association.    "Trade is  $1,000,000.
waiting at the door to be gathered 	
In," he said, "so much so that
the incoming board will have to
consider ways and means of procuring more extensive business facilities."
the   total   exceeds
Economic Background
of Franco-Syrian War
Patronize our advertisers.
PARIS.—(FP)—The economic
causes of the French war in Syria,
Officially declared to be in defense
of the  "national  honor," are ex-
Sour on Arbitration posed in a capitalist paper, the
  Journee   Industrielle,   which   tells
<-JEY.-(FP)-There    is    a f ?e lftrf  ,nterMta  of Fronch
,.„., „   „ '      . v bankers ahd  ndustrlalists In Svrla
feeling among many trade unions mW ......... . „    or tux,
,__    .__ ... „    ...   .        That 250,000,000 francs ef French
Australian Unionists
|     Send In your subscription today.
Highlights on This
Week's News
CANADIAN
Calgary Jobless Pill Jail   1
Independeat Unions Grow  -  1
Listening  in on  Ottawa    1
AMERICAN
Scott Nearing  on  Tonr    1
Leased  Convicts Killed   2
Review  of  1925    5
BRITISH
Labor Closing Ranks  _  7
Mine  Owners  Quizzed  -  7
Labor Congress Demands 48-hour
Week     ■_- 7
FOBEIGN
Fascisti Threaten Australian Labor .. 2
German Rail Men Fight   8
Imperialists War on Sonth American
Labor    - —•-   8
in Australia 'lhat while arbltra*
tion has rendered .gfopd service in
the industrial world is. ready for
more comprehensive industrial litigation. The last "Australian
Trade Union congress declared the
time ripe for a.form of industrial
councils, similar to that under
which the Miners' union Is operating.
capital ls invested in financial and
industrial enterprises concerned
exclusively with Syria, is revealed
by this paper. The money was
mostly invested before the war and
represents gold francs (l gold
franc, 20 cents),
• French capital is chiefly in railroads,    streetcars,    ports,    public
warehouses,  posts and  telegraphs,
The    basis    of    the    industrial si,k   and   agricultural   industries
councils would be a works council fIour mills and banks.    While the
in each shop, dealing with every- French   havo   not   found   m,neral
day conditions which never reach resources in Syria, they have rich
the     arbitration     court.      These supplies of wool, silk, cotton   ag-
works councils would be coordln- ,-Icultural   products    and  tobacco
ated  into  industrial councils, the The construction of railroads is of
latter into state councils and these immens6    Importance    for     this
into  a federal council. French   tnvde   but   ft   Bnmber  q.
projected laiiroads has been bin-
Say you aaw it advertised in the dered by the growing restiveness
"AdvocaU". of the Syrians. Page Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, January 22J
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
Trades Council Elects      Lenin Memorial Meet
Officers for Next Term     In Royal, Sunday Next
Labor Gov'ts. Must be Overthrown CLASSIFIED A|
If Elected, British Fascist Writes
(By W. Francis Ahern,  Federated  Press  Correspondent)
The greater part of the time of
last meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council waB
ocoupied by the election of officers for the next six months.
The nominees for President
were R. H. Neelands and Wlm.
Dunn, the latter being elected by
a majority of 7 votes. The nominees for vice-president were J.
Thompson, W. Bartlett, and W.
H. Cottrell. On the first ballot
Thompson received 41 votes, Bartlett 29, and Cottrell 25. On the
second ballot Thompson received
60 votes and Bartlett 35, the former being elected.
For Secretary the nominees
were P. R. Bengough, and J. Sidaway, the former receiving 75 votes
and the latter 21. F. L. Hunt was
elected treasurer by acclamation.
Mrs. Dolk and P. Floyd were the
nominees for sergeant-at-arms,
and the former was elected by a
majority of 45.
For trustees the nominees were
Bartlett, Seribbins, Ccrttrell, Jamieson, Page, Deptford, Flynn, Mclnnis, and A. McDonald. After
seven ballots has been taken
Bartlett, Jamieson, Deptford, and
Seribbins were  declared   elected.
The regualr weekly meeting in
the Royal Theatre will be taken
over on Sunday night next by the
Vancouver Branches of the Communist Party.
This meeting will be in commemoration of the death of Karl
Liebknecht and Nikoli Lenin. The
chief speaker of the evening will
be Dr. W. J. Curry. A concert
programme has also been arranged
and vocal and instrumental music
will occupy about half the time of
the meeting.
Tomorrow (Saturday) night the
Communist Party will stage a
dance in the Clinton Hall, the proceeds of which will be sent to aid
the Alberta strikers who are on
trial.
Labor Men Elected
In South Vancouver
MILWAUKEE.— (FP) —Doctors Interested in fat fees for work
in private hospitals are held responsible by Milwaukee Federated
Trades council delegates for the
underground opposition" to a public hospital.
In the South Vancouver municipal elections Alex McDonald was
elected Councillor for the one year
term by a substantial majority;
and W. H. Cottrell was elected for
the two year term. The race between W. H. Cottrell and J. 6.
Smith was exceptionally close, the
former being elected by a majority of three votes over the latter,
Alfred Hurry was elected to the
School Board.
Only one Labor candidate was
elected ln Burnaby, H, Engberg,
who was re-elected as Councillor
for ward 7.
OYDNEY. — Regarding the for
mation of branches of the
Fascisti in Australia, the' Australian Labor Party has secured a
letter said to be wrttien by A.
Kirby Hewlett, organizing seoretary of the British Fasois|tl, to
Captain J. O. Hatcher, organizing
secretary of the Australian Fascisti,
indicating the connection between
the Fascisti and the anti-Labor
government of both countries.
The letter, on the official letterhead of the British Fascisti, reads:
"Your very interesting letter to
hand regarding the progress of
Fascismo in Australia. It is pleasing to learn that your federal government has been assisting in initial organizational work. The su
preme council notes that the movement has been launched in six
states of the commonwealth.
''At the present time Australia
appears to be urgently in need of
resourceful fascist groups in all
centres with a resourceful inner
council in command. Weak and
vacillating governments make Fascismo a political and social necessity. Such were responsible for its
coming into being in Italy and also
in England.
"Had the MacDonald government remained in office here we
would have been required to forcibly drive It from office. Our
present chancellor of the ex-
chequor, Mr. Austen Chamberlain,
said: 'Were Labor returned with
a working majority it would be
necessary in the interests of the
nation to suspend constitutional
government and forcibly prevent
it from assuming office.'
"If necessary, steps should be
taken to precipitate open hostilities with the militant unions.
Open rioting would give us an opportunity to smash the unions and
cripple Labor politically. In this
we have the definite'..assurance
that the present federal government would co-operate and will
secretly instruct its officers to
work in conjunction with our
forces."
The exposure of the letter in
the Australian Labor press caused
a great sensation. The Fascisti
issued notices threatening to
wreck the Labor Daily newspaper
office and the Labor broadcasting station at Sydney. The Labor
Daily newspaper office was raided
but the police prevented any damage.
Italian Workers Find       Leased Convicts Die
Fascist Union a Dud in Colliery Disaster
ROME.—An Employers' Union
may degenerate from a snare and
a delusion to a farce. The part
played by the Fascist Metal Workers' Union in a recent Italian strike
gives forceful confirmation of this
fact. So restless had the Italian
metal workers become that even
the Fascist "Union" finally had to
call a strike when members of the
regular Metal Unions walked out.
After a few days the organizers
of the Fascist Union patched up
a truce with the bosses and ordered its members to return to work.
To the Fascists' dismay, but 5 per
cent, of the strikers returned to
their latheB, the other 95 per cent,
staying out until the regular Union
formally ended the walkout.
H. C. MacLean, American commercial attache at Rome, in a report published by the U. S. Department of Commerce, admits the ineffectiveness of the Fascist Unions.
He places the General Confederation of Labor first in strength, despite persecution, with the Catholic Unions second, and the Fascists
third. The Confederation has retained the confidence and loyalty
of the rank and file, says MacLean,
despite the order forbidding it to
call strikes and exercise other per-
ogatlves of a Trade Union.
NEW YO RK.i— (FP)—That
some of the 61 white and Negro
coal miners who lost their lives
in Overton Mine No. 2 of the Alabama Fuel .& Iron Co. recently
were leased convicts appears from
the report made to the Federated
Press by a coal digger who has
worked in that very mine. He got
a job in No. 2 shaft in 1918 as
part of the campaign the United
Mine Workers was then making.
At that time 15 per cent, of the
working force consisted of convicts.
These penal slaves of course
worked without wages and worked
under fear of punishment. When
they slowed up they were reported
to the prison authorities and later
punished with various forms of
brutality. Our informant has no
certain knowledge as to whether
convicts are still leased to this
particular mine but the Alabama
state prison inspector's report says
43 counties lease their prisoners
to "a company operatng a coal
mine," but does not give the company's name.
Safety conditions are always bad
■In convict mines, said our friend.
And the presence of penal labor
makes organization that much
more  difficult.
"Gouge at Home, Dump
Abroad," Farmer's Motto
(By CARL HAESSLER, Federated  Press)
CHICAGO.—(FP)—There is no
perceptible yell from labor at the
farmer proposal to charge American eaters more for their corn
and other farm products than
will be charged to consumers in
foreign countries for the same
goods. In fact most of the progressive lawmakers at Washington, whether rural or industrial
districts, have long been in favor
of the McNary-Haugen bill which
would produce that effect when a
surplus of farm products exists.
The president of the Illinois
State Federation of Labor attend-
ded an Illinois corn conference
January 15 and voted with the
farm representatives to ask congress "to enact legislation under
which farmers may secure an
American price for that portion of
our crops consumed in America,
independent, of the world price
for the surplus, thus placing agriculture upon a basis of economic equality with industry and
labor."
It's the old story of "dumping"
over again, but with a. fellow
worker as the beneficiary this
time instead of the trusts.
Manufacturers Urged
to Purchase Scab Coal
DETROIT — (F P) — The fuel
supply committee of the Natl,
Manufacturers Assn. make no
bones of the fact that it is engineering a systematic nation-wide
boycott of the union coal fields.
Chairman S. W. Utley of the committee, who is vice-president of
the Detroit Steel Castings Co.,
broadcasts the information that
it has "for many months urged
manufacturers , not to overlook
the Independent coal fields in
placing their orders for bituminous coal." This is as near to advocating a direct boycott of un
ion coal fields as the association,
which is the openshop organization
of manufacturers, considers legally safe.
"The importance of coal In our
national economy and its basic
place in manufacturing, together
with the serious consequences
whioh would follow total unionization of all coal fields," says
Utley, "have led us to 'place these
considerations before our fellow
members for such action as they
may desir© to take."
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 <
politan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths,
Bldg., 744 Hastings St.
BICYCLES
TTASKINS A ELLIOTT, 100 J
JlStreet W. Tht but maku ofj
on eur termi,
boot's and shoesI
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Mj
BOOTS  (LOGQING)J
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St."
CAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings
chiropractor
Dr.   d.   a.  McMillan,
Graduate.   Open daily and _
633   Hastings   Street  West,   con
ville   Street.    Fhone   Sey.  69S4|
DENTIST
Pr.  W. J.  Curry,  SOI  Dojj
Bldg.	
DRUGS
Red Star Drug Stars,  CorJ
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 41
tings St. E.
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BBVBIj
WESTERN   GLASS   00.   LT_
Cordova St. W., few doon
Woodward'a.   Sey, 8687.   Wholei(|
retail window glasi.
HOSPITAL
BETTER  BB  SAFE THAN  SO]
Grandvlew  Hoapttal—Medics],]
ical,   maternity.     1090   Viotorla
High.   137.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Ccj
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Ub]
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and|
ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  C_
Street.	
MUSIO
■\7TOLINS ADJUSTED, VOIOBl
V paired, by expert. Will ll
965 Robson  St.    Sey.  8004.
0_?TICIAN
Pitman Optical House,  616
ings West.	
PAINT AND 3-PLY Pi!
Gregory   &   Reld,    117   H|
Street East.	
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310
Street.
Soviet Russia Refuses
To Go to Geneva Meet
Tea Planters Conspire
To Curtail Production
LONDON.—Tea prices are being
increased by 6d. per lb.
This ls due to the policy of "ca"
canny" which the tea planters
have been following.
They find that restricting their
plantings and thus creating a
shortage of tea on the market
they can increase their prices and
consequently their profits.
As an example of this restriction, it was announced in the
Financial Times of September 19*,
1925, that "the Indian Tea Association (London) had obtained more
than the requisite percentage of
its members' votes to carry into
effect a proposal not to produce
more tea in  1925  than was pro-
Side by side with the movement
for democracy runs the movement
of Socialism. This is no mere co-
Incidence. . . . Political equality ls
of no value to the working classes
unless it carries with it a betterment of their economic condition.
—Renman, "The Irresistible Movement of Democracy."
The vanity and presumption of
governing beyond the grave is the
most ridiculous and insolent of all
tyrannies.—Thomas Paine.
duced in 1923 or 1924,. individual
companies being free to choose
which of these two years they will
take as their standard."
The average dividend for 73 tea
companies last year was 32.6 per
cent., and for 80 companies this
year 36.1 per cent.
Now we know why tea is dear!
MOSCOW—The Soviet government, although eager to participate in the disarmament conference at Geneva, will not attend
unless its complaint against the
Swiss is settled, it has has been
stated authoritatively here.
The Russians have repeatedly
made plain their aversion to Swiss
relations since 1923 when Vorov-
sky, a Russian envoy to the Lausanne international confere/nce was
assassinated by a white guard
Russian officer who was freed and
given Soviet funds held by Vor-
ovsky ln Swiss banks.
Pravada, discussing the conference says:
''If any foreign government is
really interested in Russia's cooperation they should explain to
the Swiss that it is wrong to allow a murderer of a foreign representative to go unpunished. The
Soviet is waiting and has waited.'^
The paper, expressing Russia's
earnest desire to participate in the
conference, urged mediation by
"some third power."
Textile Bosses Urge
Return to Slavery
BOSTON— (F P)—Child labor,
the 10- hour day and conditions
similar to those in feudal southern
states are sought by Massachusetts
textile mill owners In a bill filed
with the state senate clerk. Women textile workers would be
forced to work 10 hours a day
Instead of 8 as provided now by
law. The work week would be 54
instead of 48 hours. Children under 21 would work 9 hours a day
48 a week, except in manufacturing where employment Is seasonal. Here children would be forced to work 52 hours weekly, provided the weekly average for the
entire year would not be more
than 48 hours.
The cotton textile industry complains in a petition with the bill
that the 48-hour law interferes
with profits and that long work
did not hurt employees before the
8-hour law passed in 1919. No
mention is made of the 1925 study
by Lewiston, Me., officials who
folund that city's health record
among the worst because its women worked 10 hours a day, 54
a week, most of them ln textile
mills.
Accorhing to  the  statistij
the United States Bureau on
dards, our Govornment spenj
ing for  past wars and pre
for future wars, in the year]
a year of   peace, 93 per cfl
our total national income,
er words, we spend one-fouij
of  our  energies building
man life, and we spend tb
fourteenths of our energies^
stroying it;  and then we
why God snds so much trou
to the world.—Upton Sincld
■Don't forget!    Mention tii
vocate when buying.
NONE  BUT  WHITE
EMPLOYED
COAL
AND
WOOD
!•»■'
NONE  BUT  WHITE
EMPLOYED MM
T, January 22, li)26
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page .three I
- POLITICS - -
kers Beaten and       Calls Upon Austria To
[Jailed in Guatemala     Aid Fight On Fascisti
.DOVER
--INDUSTRY-
Clothing Workers Seamen Acknowledge
Closing up Ranks Long Strike Beaten
FEPEQUE,     Salvador—The
|abor drive started  by the
an     Imperialists     through
gents, the puppet presidents
I Central American  Repub-
llowing the affairs in Pan-
n   Ootober   last,   continues
lth ruthless fury.
United Fruit company, the
an  prototype  of  the  Eng-
Indlan Company, is de-
)d to crush all who stand in
to economic and political
tlon,   '
the call of the workers
|*11 in the "Plaza" of Pana-
ty, last October, would be
by the enslaved workers of
nala, Dictator Orellana,
il servant of the American
ists, by a stroke of his pen,
Bd all the militant libor or-
tlons ln the country Illegal,
unions were quickly crush-
documents confiscated and
and members alike perse-
yith a severity that would
fthe departed czars of old
turn ln their" graves.
VIENNA.—The local govern •
ment of Innesbruck on the Alpine frontier appealed to the Austrian government for protection
against fascist raids from Italian
Tyrol.
The demand follows the fascist
attack on the little village named
Hall, where twenty fascists tried
to forcibly release a man who
had been arrested as a fascist
spy. Arrayed in black shirts, the
fascists rode into Rail In a motor
truck and tried to break into the
jail, but were forced to retreat
ln a severely battered condition
after a battle with the Inhabitants of Hall.
Virgin Islanders Ask
For Civil Government
SAN SALVADOR
The Federation Regional de Tra-
bajadoes de El Salvador has just
reached the end of its first year's
activities,, and it can certainly
point to very gratifying results.
It has organized many new Trade
Unions. The Trade Union Federation now has 26 affiliated organizations, two of which have already
organized several very successful
strikes. The Trade Union Federation of Salvador pays great attention to the organization of women. The wages of women workers are on an average only a quarter of the men's wages, although
the women's hours are nearly everywhere, the same as the men's.
Another useful piece of work done
is the institution of a workers' educational club and a library.
NEW YORK.—(FP)—A more
unified industriai form of organ-
izaton for the 50,000 members of
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers who make men's and children's
garments in New York is ordered
by the general executive board of
the union. ' A single joint board
for all local unions in both branches will take the plaoe of the two
joint boards.
New styles of children's clpthing
have hastened the change in structure. Boys wear long pants at an
early age now and theBe can be
made In the regular men's pants
shops. A general organization
drive will follow the merger.
Postal Workers Decide
to Join International
ey Not Everything
Coolidge Announces
MJO.—Huge chunks of fertil-
Ire handed out free of charge
Resident Coolidge in his ad-
on farm problems at Chlca-
7. Prices of farm produce
be low and everything else
be embarrassingly high, the
pnt told the American Farm
federation,  but you can't
good old John Farmer,
an nature is on their side,"
Ige said of the farmers,—
Xre all consumers of food."
Iditlon there is the general
Ig system, national and state
be farmers to a much better
[should learn to use all these
es."    "Some   people*  would
poor on a mountain of gold
others would make a good
on a rock."
jidge set his face against gov-
at marketing organizations
bainst tariff changes, but "I
le actively and energetically
1st the farmers to promote
{welfare through  co-o,pera-
arketing."
boncluded with some hora-
Bflections based on the fact
lhe percentage of yearly re-
fupon all  the  property  of
iintry is low, but in the ag-
It is a stupendous sum,"
^minding  the   farmers  that
j is not everything but that
|the farm "brings its inhabi-
—o an intimate and true re-
|to nature, where they can
harmony with the Great
>e."
A bill providing for the establishment of a permanent civil
government in the Virgin Islands,
acquired by the United States
from Denmark was Introduced In
Congress on January llth, the
same day that Rothschild Francis,
a Virgin Islands editor, appealed
to the Circuit Court of Appeals
at Philadelphia in what was virtually a test case to determine
the valadlty of island legislation
under the present naval regime.
Francis is editor of a paper called
"The Emancipator" and was sentenced for alleged criminal libel
and contempt by George Washington Williams, District Judge in
the Islands, whose appointment
had  been  opposed  by  Francis.
SPAIN
A National Congress of Spanish
Trade Unions has just been convened, whtch is to discuss Inter alia
the question of industrial unions,
lt is a significant step, for it
means a decisive advance in the
concentration of the Spanish movement. Nor is amalgamation proceeding nationally only, there are
also forces at work in the provinces and districts which are conducing to closer contact between
union and union.
Dutch Indies Workers
Fight Imperialistic Rule
HAGUE.—The workers of the
Dutch Indies are carrying on a
hard struggle against Dutch imperialists. Thousands of workers and
peasants have been thrown into
prison for their fight against the
terrible s exploitation, the brutal
acts of violence and oppression of
the Dutch government.
During the last strikes dn August of this year all leaders of the
local trade unions were arrested.
All strikes, are suppressed by brutal means. In the strike of the
dockers which took place recently
in Belawana, the demonstrators
were dispersed by force of arms
and many workers, and women fell
victim to the brutal police.
MEXICO
Assisting the Unemployed.—In
order to relieve the unemployment
which is prevalent In Mexico as
elsewhere, the Ministry of Labor
has decided to accelerate and extend as much as possible the relief works (construction of roads
and streets, etc.) which have been
begun. The Productive Co-operation Societies are also to be assisted in their activities by the allocation of supplies of raw materials,
tools,' etc.
SYDENY, Australia. — (FP) —
Postal linesmen, leter carriers and
sorters ln conferences at Sydney
discussed the desirability of affiliating with the Postal International,
and a report is to be submitted to
all branches of the organization.
The executive is to then act on the
Branches' wishes in the matter.
The object of the International, it
was explained, is to bring about
a more friendly feeling between
postal Workers of all countries.
All postal workers In Australia
are now covered by,thel one union,
known as the "Amalgamated Postal Workers' Union of Australia."
The union's outlook Is radical.
SYDNEY.—(FP)—After having
been on strike for exactly 100 days,
the seamen who left the British
steamers in Australian ports officially declared the strike at an
end. Seamen had returned earlier
to their ships ln New Zealand and
some of the smaller Australian
ports, .
During the whole period of the
strike the seamen were fed, housed
and looked after by the, Australian
unionists who responded in a wonderful manner to keep their British comrades off the breadline.
Steps are being taken to get the
new seamen's union under way.
The membership in Australia and
New Zealand totals over 5,000 and
it is expected that thousands of
British seamen will join up. Delegates from Australia and New
Zealand are on their way to Britain where the head office of the
new union will be opened. The
strike began on British ships all
over the world when Havelock
Wilson of the British union agreed
to a wage cut without consulting
the membership. The cut remains
in   effect  as  the  strike  failed.
German Rail Men Fight
Wholesale
HOLLAND
Strike.—In the discussion of new
draft regulations the Amsterdam
Municipal Council has just rejected
a clause which denies the right
of public employes to go on strike.
And so, for the first time since
1903—the year of the great railway strike, which was made a pretext for the notorious Anti-strike
Acts—the clause forbidding public
employes to strike has been expressly rejected in a public body.
Stay at the
.EL STRATFORD
he Place Called Home
Inter GORE AVE. and
\ KEEFER STREET
Phona Sey. 0121
^IOVANDO, JOHN THA
Blatantly  Furnishsd
Rooma.
looms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
AST-CLASS SERVICE
Scab Hiring Agencies
Must Employ Citizens
CHICAGO.—(FP)—Out of town
roughnecks, pluguglies and gunmen, now freely Imported to Chicago by corporations in time of
strike, will be barred from their
murderous trade if the comomn
council approves the recommendation of its judiciary committee.
The committee's ordinance, sponsored by Chicago Federation of Labor officials, will compel strike-
breakng agencies and similar outfits to certify to the chief of police that guards they supply to employers during strikes are American citizens and have been Chicago
residents for one year.
INDIA
Hindus Organize.—Thirty more
Unions have affiliated with the
AH-India Trade Union Congress,
which held its fifth convention recently at Bombay. A monthly paper ls being published now, and a
campaign waged against the religious doctrine of untouchabillty.
The Indian leaders say that the
extreme caste divisions are hindering organization work.
Trade Unionists Rot
in Egyptian Prisons
CAIRO.—The thirteen workers
who were arrested in Cairo and Alexandria on June 7 last on suspicion of being concerned in trade
union activities are still in prison
without trial, although over six
months have elapsed since their
arrest.
They have all entered upon a
hunger strike In order to force the
government to grant them political
prisoners' status. Among them Is
one woman, Miss Charlotte Rosenthal, daughter of Mr. Rosenthal
of Alexandria, who was deported
from Egypt last year but was repatriated later, thanks to the activities of British working class
leaders.
The preliminary examination has
now been completed and the
chargo Is one of general consplr-
iacy to propogate revolutionary
ideas contrary to the constitution
of the Egyptian  government.
LONDON.—German railwaymen
have public opinion behind them
in the fight they are waging
against the imbecilities which are
being committed by the State
Railway Company in the name of
"economy."
According to the bulletin of the
International Transport Workers'
Federatibn the strength of the staff
has been reduced by more than 25
per cent., and the Company is
now proposing further wholesale
dismissals, despite the alarming
Increase in the number of accidents due to shortage of staff.
The German Railway Unions are
considering the possibility of a
work-to-rule campaign. This would
guarantee a reasonable amount of
safety to passengers, and would
safeguard the workers against the
outrageous punishment measures
taken against individuals whenever
an accident occurs. Moreover, the
management, which always Justifies its punishmente by reference
to the regulations, could not logically complain.
GERMANY
BERLIN, Germany.—An unemployed army of more than 1,000,-
000, which is increasing, alarms
Germany. With the exception of
a brief Industrial crisis two years
ago, this is the highest number of
unemployed  ever recorded.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Planta, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STOKES—8
si St. Bast; B»y. MI-87I     d«6 Ormvlllt Strut   Sey. 9613-13(1
151 Huting! Street Weit Sey.  1870
"SAT IT WITH FLOWERS"
AUSTRIA
Since November 1, 1925, the
number of unemployed receiving
relief has increased form 131,000
to 140,000. The increase Is slight
in Vienna but is marked in the
provinces, especially in the district
of Llnz where 3,300 were added
since the above-named date.
GUATEMALA
Permission to bring to Gaute-
mala 1,000 European Immigrants,
of both sexes, was given by the
Government of the Republic in
a recent decree.
Queensland Government
Ownership Successful
BRISBANE, Queensland—(FP)
—The 50 rotall butchers' shops
owned and controlled by the
Queensland Labor government
showed a profit of $73,134 for the
last year's operations, compared
with 46,003 for tho previous year.
AU meat was sold at pricos considerably bolow those ln the privately-owned shops.
The produce selling agency conducted by tho government on behalf of the farmers, showed a,
profit of $10,200 for the your. The
farmers soiling through tho government agency realized higher
prices for thoir products than
through ordinary channels.
Tho stato hotel operated by tho
governmont showed a profit of
$164,906 for tho year—an increase
of $16,375 above tho profit of tho
previous year.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Paterson Workers Show
the Power of Unity
(By   ART   SHIELDS,   Federated
,   Press)
PATTERSON, N.J.—(FP)—The
second week of the 44-hour strike
movement in Patterson finds the
biggest silk company in Passaic
Co. sut down. There is no longer
a single sizable silk mill in the
county working more than 44
hours a week set by the January
4 ultimatum of the Associated
Silk Workers of America and the
United Textile Workers Union, the
two organizations that have been
co-operating ln the drive.
Fifty smaller concerns yielded
tho 14-hours in the first days after the time limit. Most of the
other mills in the town were already on the required schedule.
Now only some so-called "family"
shops and one mill with 50 workers, are ln the overtime class.
That is in the regular silk mills.
Tho dye houses aro unorganized,
the  48-hour week  prevailing.
Paterson's success with Its
united front union movement is
expected to be a good object lesson to other textile' communities
where union rivalries have played
into the hands of the long-work-
duy  manufacturers. Page Pour
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, January 22j
OPEN FORUM
fecttkrUd "pft^
QUESTION BO]
Address  All  Letters  apd
Remittances to the Editor
Sip taaftan Ikbor Atanuatt
1189 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A YEAR
tl SIX MONTHS
Listening In
On Ottawa
C-PEAKING In the House ot Com-
"^ mons recently, Henri Bourassa, French Canadian nationalist,
told of the efforts made by big
financial interests in Montreal to
secure the influence of his paper
in favor of a certain railway policy.   Bourassa said:
"There was a big national programme-to cover up that policy.
I do not know how many sheets
of paper were filled with declarations of principles, as to the salvation of Canada; the adoption of a
national policy; down with lmper-
iallsm; down with Mr. Meighen's
policy! Bnt in that big display of
fine words there was a little black
spot, and it was that the gentleman
Who would accept the candidature
under that programme—and plenty
of money to support It—would
have to accept an engagement with
regard to the railway policy in
question. They would be allowed
to denounce the empire, to throw
tlie flag doWn and get rid of Mr.
Meighen, provided they made it
safe for the holders of Canadian
Pacific Railway shares to get, some
said, ten per cent, others seven
per cent. That is the main reason
why I came out from my long retreat to help—I will not say the
right honorable gentleman, I will
not say the Liberal Party, but all
the good and right thinking men
belonging to both parties—to help
rid die Canadian people, the province of Quebec, and tbe city of
Montreal of that gong of financial
buccaneers, and their attempts at
blackmailing public men, governments and parliaments ln order to
secure certain sordid ends."
Speaking on precedent and the
British constitution, Bourassa said:
"If the situation ls but transient,
then the expedient or the system
which may he tried will he transient, but If on the contrary that
feature is permanent and is bound
to grow, then the new precedents
will develop and we shall add
something else to tbat magnificent
cohesion of absurdities wliich is the
British constitution—full of oddities, full of holes, but of holes left
there by the common sense of the
British people In order to he filled
as the time comes, by new precedents, by new articles of constltu-
tlon, or by new methods of government, to correspond with the
new needs of the people, and to
offer new solutions of hew problems."
Referring to Labor in politics,
and the achievements of the' British Lnbor Party, Mr. Bourassa
said:
"We liavc proved that men who
belong to the laboring classes are
just as capable of developing
statesmanship, foresight and perhaps more human feeling than the
old parties."
Under the present system, the
uncertainty of the future—the fear
of want—cause a man to grasp all
he can now. We often hear the
expression, "The dollar in a man's
pocket is a man's greatest friend,"
which is to a very great extent, indeed, true, under the present system. Yes, the dollar ls man's only
friend. This Is the most damning
of all arguments against the present  system.—William  Crocker.
Liberty ls to the collective body
what health is to every individual
body. Without health no pleasure
can be tasted by man; without
liberty no happiness can be enjoyed by society.—Bollngbroke.
The International Labor Office
WHENEVER in class society a new social institution is
" brought into being, no matter how it may be represented
as existing for the good of all the people, its real purpose is always to serve Ithe interests of ithe particular group or class
wjhich established it. This is as true of universities or oompany
unions as it is of the League of Nations.
Writing from Geneva, Mack Eastman, late professor of
history at the B. C. University, uses much space in a recent
issue of ithe Daily Province to tell of the work being done by
the International Labor Office of the League of Nations, and
how the "central idea" of that body is "To render international competition less bitter by levelling up the social conditions in backward countries". This because "At present
the industries of advanced nations are endangered by the competitors which exploit their employees unrestrainedly. Cooperation among industrial nations becomes more possible as
their standards of living and their protective legislations come
closer together".
Dr. Eastman should be congratulated on his candor. While
in Vancouver he spent much time in eulogizing the League,
and its alleged humanitarian principles, but since his arrival
in Geneva he has apparently discovered that the noble motives
are non-existent and that ait least one part of the League's
machinery—the vaunted International Labor Office—has for
its real purpose the aiding of European industrial capitalists
to compete against their fellow exploiters in the Orient. This
is what is meant when it is said that the League is "based on
social justice," meaning justice according to our master's
standards. To them it is an injustice to pay a Western worker according to roast beef standards when an Oriental can be
secured to perform the same work on a rice diet.
But when Eastman refers to the Covenant of the League,
and the pledge of its member nations to "endeavor to secure
and maintain fair and humane conditions of labor for men,
women and children," he speaks of another matter.
Since the inception of the League the living standards
and working conditions in every country attached to it have
fallen. The tendency has not been to "level up," but to level
downward. The very logic of the competitive basis of capitalism has compelled this, and no matter how sentimentalists
and humanitarians may strive to overcome this it is bound to
continue so long as capitalism lasts. A pig cannot change its
nature, and neither can capitalism.
Not one of the Labor clauses in the Versailles Treaty,
upon which the International Labor Office is founded, has
been or can be enforced while capitalism endures. In faGt at
least some of the signatories had neither the intention nor the
authority to enforce their pledge.
Canada, as one of the signatories guaranteed "The right
of association for ail lawful purposes by the employed as well
as by the employers" but when the Lumber Workers' Union
complained to the Federal Minister of Labor about the blacklist maintained by the logging companies, Murdoch replied that
the matter was outside the jurisdiction of the Federal authorities, and was purely a provincial matter.' In other words our
rulers in Ottawa had pledged themselves to something they
had neither the authority nor the desire to enforce.
The same thing holds true of every clause in this alleged
"Charter of Labor," which is entirely based upon the capitalist mode of production, and its inevitable concomitant, the
commodity status of labor power, even although the first clause
hypocritically states that "labor should not be regarded merely as a commodity".
In every country where coal is produced the miners are
fighting for a wage sufficient to maintain themselves and their
•families, even .although the third clause in this so-called charter states that the employed should receive "a wage adequate
to maintain a reasonable standard of life". But speaking of
coal mining, Eastman, snugly ensconced in a cottage "overlooking Mount Blanc," far removed from the grime and toil
of the coal fields, facetiously suggests that the League should
study it in a cellar.
It is not to the International Labor Office, instituted for
the purpose of stabilizing capitalism, that Labor must turn,
but rather to our own organizations, which were not founded
on the ethical codes of bourgeoisdom, but on the needs and
aspirations of those who toil.
Russo-Chinese A__\
To Aid U. S. Woli
"TTHE WEARING of a catgut vlo-
lln string around the body as
a cure for lumbago Is an old-fashioned remedy that has revived in
popularity of late."
The above item appears.in a recent issue of the "Sun;" and the
"Sunday Province," ln the magazine section, also has a few paragraphs on the same subject.
I should like to warn readers of
the ADVOCATE against this subtle method of advertising. The
catgut string manufacturers have
found that the market is glutted
with violin strings owing to the
popularity of the jazz bands, which
have ousted the old string orchestra from its place in public favor.
Jazz bands have no need for violins in their assaults on the ears
of an audence, and confine themselves to saxophones, cowbells, tin
pans and drums. The catgut manufacturers have now to find new
uses for violin strings, and this is
being accomplished by an advertising campaign of "education" ln
the daily press. Subtle paragraphs
like the above appear in the newspapers from time to time, and
some morning when you awake
with a pain in the back, and think
you have an attack of lumbago
you sub-consciously wend your
way to a music store, and purchase
your violin string.
Further paragraphs will no
doubt appear advertising the violin strings as boot laces, and ln
the tying of parcels. Great is
the power of the modern press. If
the public doesn't know they want
it, make 'em!
Although the Province in its article on wearing violin strings
around the body under' the dress,
mentions the E, A and D strings,
lt makes no allusion to the G
string, which worn around the
waist, has for long been the sole
attire of savage peoples in many
lands. Doubtless this omission is
due to its high standards which
would not allow it to offend the
moral susceptibilities of- its readers. J.A.B.
SEATTLE—(FP)-H"If
can, British and Japanese
ists  are  able  to  maintain {
hold  In  China and  establfc
dustries on the Chinese lei
a few cents a day, American^
ers will surely have to ac
lower  standard   of  living
jobless.   On the other hand-I
growing  nationalist  movem,g
successful  in  ousting the
privilege   foreign   groups
developing   China    from
there  is  every reason to
that the example of Sovletl
sia  will  have great  weight!
the Chinese workers will ini
ingly    improve   their    eoni
The logic of events is for a)
trade  to grow  up  between!
countries   and   for   the
bond already established to^
mented.
Such was the statement
na Louise Strong, Federated]
correspondent, returned
Russia by way of China anl
Pan, in addressing the Seattlf
bor College here. Miss Strd
raising funds for the John'
children's home in Russia.
UNION DIRECTOI
Virtue in Kicking
TN the desert of Sahara there was
an ostrich that, when hard
pressed by the enemy, used to poke
his head into a hole In the sand*
and Imagine he was hidden. Because of this fact, men, who chased
him for his plumage, were enabled
to approach him when he felt most
secure and pluck him without
danger. He had been plucked over
a,nd over, year after year, and did
not seem to learn anything. But
one day, when he felt a man begin
to yank a plume from his wing,
he kicked. He kicked hard. The
man alighted on an oasis a few
miles distant, and that year the
ostrich was not plucked. "There
seems to be some virtue in kicking," mused the creature, who was
just beginning to use his head. "I
think I shall try it again. Maybe,
after awhile, I may be able to
think up a way that will enable
me to live without hiding away."
—Exchange.
DETROIT.—(FP)A sentence of
30 days in Detroit's county jail was
imposed on William Burk, C. B.
Sheppard C, thug, who hurled an
Iron bar into an auto filled with
striking metal polishers, injuring
Forrest Foster, April 7, 1926. Burk
was found guilty of felonious assault by a jury. Many, cases of
assault and battery also grew out
of the strike.
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADEB OOl
—Meeti ucond Monday In tk* f
Pntldent, J. H. Whits; teeretary,]
Neelanda.    P. 0. Box 66.
FEDEBATED LABOB PABTY-j
111, 119 Pondor St. Weit. Bj
meeting! ltt and Srd Wednotdai
Ingj. B. H. Neelandi, Chairman j
Morriion, Beo.-Tnei.; Angui
8544 Prince Edifard StrMt, Va
B.O, Gorretponding Seirotary.
Any dlstriot in Britiih Oolumti
tiring  Information r*  Mooring  a
or th* formation of looal branohei
It  oommnnioatt  with  Provlnolal J
tary J. Lyl* Telford,  624 Blrk/
Vancouver,    B.O.    T»l*phon*
ma, or BtyrUw 8680.
BAKEBY   SALESMEN,   LOOAL {
M«*tt  tteond  Thunday  every]
In Holdon Building. Proiidont, J.
tto—*,  finanoial ttoratsry,  H.
ron, T61 Hth At*. lut,
0IVI0   EMPLOYEES'   UNION,
28—Meett fint and third Frl<J
tho  month at  US  Haitingi
pjn.     Preildent,   B.   K.   Brow
Chariot  St.; lecretary-treaiurer,
Harriion, 1168 Parkor Bt.
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PB0T4
UNION, Loeal US, A. F.
Meett in O.W.V.A. Hall, Seymo/
Pender Streetl, leeond Sunday!
ajn. Pntldent, E. 0. Miller, Of
ion itnet; iecretary, E. A. J|
991 Nelion itreet; finanoial ot*
W. E. WlUiami, 691 Helton ttrl
ganlier, F. Fletcher, 991 MoJionl
THE FEDEBATED BEAFi
UNION OF CANADA—Head]
at Booma S, 6 and T, FU«k F
161 Haatinga Street W, Vaneout.
Tel. Bay. 6696. Preildent, Bobortl
Vioe-Pntldent, David GlUetplejf
Treunrer, Wm. H. Donaldaon. 1
Braneh, Boom 11, Green BloeM
Btreet, Viotorla, B.O.   Phone 16"
TYFOQBAPHIOAL  UNION,   N
Preildent, B. P. Pettlplee*;  ..
Ident,   0.  F.   Campbell;   iieretall
onr,   B.   H.   Neelandt,   P.O.   "
Meett latt Bunday of eaeh m<
p.m. in Holden Building. U H*at|
PBINOE    BUPEBT    TYP00RA
UNION. No. 41S—Preildent,*;
Maedonald; iiontarytriaiuer, 1
Campbell, P.O. Box 669. Me*]
Thunday of eaeh month.   ,
THB   CANADIAN
Safror Afrmuj
With Which It Incorpont"
THE BBITISH COLUMBIA
 TI0NI8T
PUBLISHED EVEBY PR_
By th* Labor PnbUihtng
Buiineu and Editorial Ofl
1129 Howe St.	
The Canadian Labor Advoeato ia]
factional weekly newipaper, giv
of tho funnel-labor movement I
Subscription Batei: United St..
foreign, $2.60 per year; Cans
per year, $1 for aix monthi; tOi
subscribing in a body, ISo pes
bor per month.
Member The Pedented Pnn
Brltlih Labor Prei* piday, January 22, 1926
THE CANADIAN XABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
Review of 1925
Wage Checkoff Aids
Insurance Companies
Book Review
L(By LEUIND  OLDS   Feder- The checkoff from wages to col-   (By c   A   MOSELEY,  Federated
ated  Press)' >ct  regular  insuranoe  P«*«iumB     - Press)
MtOWTH   of  militant  property- T^ZLVZ'Tl^el C*™*™ 0* BEVOLUTION U
J conscious   unity   in   capitalist by ompioyers t0 tie workers to the a tale more realistio than Jack
Inks and a strong current tn indul,try. This is emphasized ln and the Bean stalk- but quite as
Ror ranks toward class co-oper- a review of the insurance year by astonishing. It should be rewrit-
llon are outstanding features of President I, M. Hamilton of Uie ten ln words of one sy»able. for
|2B from ths worker's viewpoint. federal Insurance Co. He says: the adult rea(ler wh0 sUU inslsts
Pt only ln the United States but "Another very Important devel- that the Russia* revolution is a
jth  the    possible    exception  of opment  in  liio   insurance  which  t-»\ire.
Ilina the world trend has bean gained greatly ln popularity and It ls the story of the children's
f the right. Russia ls no excep- in volume during 1D26, and was colony in Russia, named after John
i>n. granted in 1925 for the first time  Reed,   the   young  American   Who
[iPres. Green of the A. F. pf L„ *>V m*">y impo.cant companies, *s first shocked Americans by living
the labor spokesman of Amer- know«i a-3 the  'salary  or  payroll for the  revolution and  then  ex-
Ian labor, has consistenly devel- deduction insurance.' asperated  them  by dying  for  it.
led   the    co-operate-with-capital     "Under this plan,  through the The reader is amazed to read with
Mosophy.     Large   consolidations co-operaton of insurance company,  how little the first 10 boys started,
capital are no longer damned employer and employee, the most what difficulties they had, how gar-
representatives   of    organized desirable forms  of  Insurance are  ments and shoes had to be passed
Ibor who  chiefly  denounce  any "^e available to employes with from one to another to facilitate
Irganized  effort to  impose  revo- ""le formality and so that, upon  outdoor work in cold weather.
Titlonary  ideas  on  the American retiuest  of the employe  the  em-      From  the  small start  with   10
fade union movement. The Com- ployer regularly each month will boys at  eherumshan,  the  colony
liunist element  serves  as  a  foil pay for tne em***'loye the premium  has grown In numbers, including
Igalnst which American labor can upon    hieL life    insurance.    This girls, and now has from the gov-
Irove  its  conservatism.                   method of placing insurance within  ernment the  estate at Alexeivka,
the family, so to speak, ls gaining  put it into shape, repaired and op-
The  open  shop  offensive,  hav- greatly in popularity both with the  erated the flour mill, and is run-
lig successfully met the post war employes and employers and bids nlng a tractor and other machin-
|ttempt   of   labor  to  consolidate falr to result In what aptly has ery..
[tins    in    the    metal  industries been termed an immense Increase      Unconsciously     perhaps      Miss
rough organization of iron and in mass insurance." Strong has gone a long ways to-
fceel and having broken...the mill-      Employers    make    no    outcry ward    answering    that    question,
ancy of the  rail unions through against employing the checkoff for  "Can the workers under a new sone    1921-22 . shopcraft   lockout, this   kind   of  insurance.    In  fact  clal order manage industry?" This
|urned its fangs  in  1925  against it is being developed in their in-  story from Russia suggests that a
he United  Mine Workers.   Abet- terest to   insure not only the life  revolution produces a new ;ene.a-
(fcd  by the  big  employer  qasocl- ofthe worker but also a faltut'ul   u*.:i, f:d *.l ths pap pt revolt, w;t;i
Itlons,  the    coal    interests  have employe.   It is grossly inconsistent  no traditions to bo uprooted, who
feen starving the soft coal miners .for them to oppose the checkoff  can and will manage industry.   At
iito submission,  finally attacking to   pay  unioh  dues.    This  other least Miss Strong tells how these
Sie last stronghold  of the unio,n checkoff covers the  most lmpor-  youngsters did.
ii the anthracite field. tant  kind of insurance, the insur-      To read how they took bedtick-
I'The rapid development of auto- *'1Ce of deoent Uvin& condtions to ing to make needed garments and
sitlc machinery coupled With ex- the WOrk6rS and ther famlU<u       then bousht oId burlap bags from
[snsion of efficiency methods en-  „    ., Il  the P-**-** and pieced them to
bled   capital   to   maintain   high  Strike Clouds Gather make   mattresses   't0   kn<w   that
|.divldual wages and so to  pre-         „_ Npw Yn,lr Wni-i^n 1*7, WOlk^ ♦ ? ""■
ent  general  social  tmrest  while         0I! "** l0rR ™n»» bodtes ™ ^to soup and black
paling with the unions in separ-  bread, supplemented with some ra
te industries. Reductions in total      NEW     TORK. - (FP)-Strikes  tions from their good fiends,   he
ges have been achieved by lay- are In force against 16 men's and  Friends, to read how they studied
_  off workers and so  creating children's   clothing   factories   and  ln cold rooms even with heads un-
e labor surplus necessary .to ex- a-?ai»st   several   millinery   firms,  der blankets, lifted enough to let
pressure  on  those  employed. strlkes are predicted in the wo-  in  litftr-to  r*d *he wh°le ta e
men's   dress   and   cloak   factories  ltf to decide that a director s meet-
Powerful manipulation of pub- 0(   ■New  yorjj/    ^  Krike  of  fur  ine is a mere Pink tea affair and
|0    opinion    by    the     controlled -workers   Is   a   possibility   to   be  that to be governor of a Federal
ess  has maintained  a  political counted in summing up labor con-  Reserve bank is a cinch!
vernment   completely   favorable <jltlons   in   New   York's   biggest      Tnls boolc to recommended to all
the capitalist programme. Ex- industry the     garment     making  lovers and haters of Russa—that
pt for foreign relations and the industry,  including  furs. ls to say to almost everyone with
:ercise of police powers the gov-      a tremendous organization cam-  enough wit to have an opinion or
[rnment has gqne far toward ab- paign is being conducted  by the  enough cussedness to hold a probation. New   York  joint   board,   Interna-  Judlce.—C.A.M.
So capital has been rapidly con-  tional  Ladies'   Garment  Workers'
Udating    Its    position    through  unlon*       Thousands     of     union
,de associations and huge mer-  workers  are   constitutuing   them
rs in steel,  oil,  coal,  transpor*
.Uon, power, bread, etc.    It has  organize  the  non-union   shops  in
en developing the regions where thelr   buildings  and   blocks.    An
aggressive   campaign    for   agreement    enforcement   is   in    effect
'The Little Store of Big Values"
Bargains
In Shoes
TVfEN'S, Wo me n's and
■*•"• Children's Dress, Work,
or  School.
Just compare our   prices.
You can always do better at
Riinson & Warren
Limitfd
1087   GRANVI. LE  STREET
(Directly Opposite Standard Furniture   Ooy.)
CHILDREN OF REVOLUTION,
by   Anna   Louise   Strong;   Plgott
selves Into district  committees to  Printing Co., Seattle, BOc.
Ibor Is still cheap and uoiorgan-
led.    It has been  perfecting its
Iternalism through company un- wltn the organization  drive.  The
fns,   group   insurance,   employee,  umon expects a general strike in
Esthonian Workers'
Wages Half Pre-War
lock.ownership, and the number*
ess other experiments in attach-
The economic conditions prevalent   ln   Esthonia  today  are   far
spring when the agreement ends,
.. „ „ „,..„ ... „         Strlkes  aBaIn8t  the   men's  a"d from satisfactory; and consequent
g workers to their industry.    It  children's  clothing  firms  are  be- ly   the   positlon   oi   the   worklng
is    been    extending  Its  empire ing conducted by the Amalgama- cla88 ,8 far from saUs{actory too.
rough     manipulation     of    the ted__ clotnlnS Workers. Some   of   the   bIgger   industries,
Fur workers are negotiating but which thls year have only managed
buntry's  creditor position  to se
re   the    private    investment   of may have, t0 *r,ke for the,r 40'  to  keep their heads above  water
yer  a  billion    dollars   a    year
hour week and increased pay de
with  the  help  of State  subsidies,
road.    This  involves   a  change  "»™to    Th,e' _C1,oth Hat- ,Cap and  are now on the verge of collapse,
the nature of society.    It has
Millinery     Workers     union     has
so   that   unemployment,    already
counterparts  and /its" reaction ^f8,"1   ""   drlve   t0   organlze  very large, is much increased.
millneriy workers. Wages  are  on,y  35   t0   B0   per
cent. of the pre-war rates, and are
other   continents.     American
|bor should watch Italy in which
co-operation   is    becoming
be structure of government, Rus*
From the days when the cave- insufficient to cover the bare neces-
 o_                        man stood quaking at the monsters 8ities  of  life.    As the  Esthonlan
. in'which tiie° remarkable eco-   of   earth  and  air   conjured   Into workers'   organizations   are   very
imio recovery of a worker state  beins by his own ima-g'nation, the weak, any effective action for the
associa.ted with a modification  story of dvllazatlon has meant has increase of wages is quite out of
its  world   militancy,   England  meant very largely a discarding of the question.
ere   a   striking   demonstration goda and denwms and a surrender This summer the existing works
the uuited labor front is being of a" fo,rms of supernaturallsm.- oounciis decided to raise the ques-
Rllowed by deliberations trend-
jig 'toward class co-operation,
Ihlna in which the workers re-
lolt   against   foreign   exploitation
Chapman Cohen.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
tlon of wage increases. The employers, however, roundly declined
to consider any proposals whutever; they know they can depend
upon   the   ever-increasing   nnem-
_ an Integral part of the move- new wage policy based on co-op
nent  for   national   Independence, eration with  capital  is  none the pl°yment  to  keep  them  supplied
The    salient    developments  of less part of a world-wide social wlth labor.
1.925  should  enable American la- revolution.    Not whether it wants "    ~              ~~"
por to understand its place in his- a new social order but what role Advertisers are helping us.    Re-
lory.    It may announce its deter- to   play   ln   it   is    the     question ciprocate   by  buying  from   them,
Ininatlon to seek nothing beyond which must determine labor pol- anl tell them you saw lt ln the
vages   and   conditions.     But   its icy and tactics. Advocate.
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
135 LONSDALE AVENUE
NORTH VANCOUVER     Phono  1181
•   AUTOMOBILES
We Have Some Oood Buys ln
GUARANTEED   USED   CARS   (tOtJ
Cash   Payments   As   Low   As   *y*t**
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7405        136 6 OranviUe St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will   Cure   Tour   Rheumatism,   Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
MASMAOK   A   SPECIALTY
PAciric BUi.nixG
744 Hastings St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
Have Yeu a Radio?
See Advt. on Page 8
Subscribe to the Advocate.
■MT-T'i
IT'S A HIT"
BETTER THAN MEDICAL
METHODS
O. S. Lincoln, M.D., advises as
follows: "Learn the beBt methods
of giving suggestion in both the
waking and the hypnotic Btates,
and you have learned s mething
of more value than a* course at
a medical   college."
Learn Scientific Heating
$25 Instruction . on.'zc
'5 V.soip in boo.; form for
*?1.50.\ T>i-.*,'. p:io- $5.00 Holi-
*u,y Special. l.cmarkab.i cur*s
are obtainable. Remit to Prof.
Stranack, 601 N.W. Bldg., Vancouver, B. O.
SPEED!
-THHE voice currents used
in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. C. Telephone Company
Bird. Bird   &   Lefeeux
•-TEU*-
_T<
HAK1
.   401-4.06   Metropolitan   Building
R37 HastiugB St. W., Vancouvor. B.O.
Telephones: Seymour BB66 and 6867
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
■pvoCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between dls-
■     eased teeth and bad health.
Svery week or two some physician sends me a patient to have his
teeth attended to, and in the majority of cobob the doct r's suspicions
are confirmed, and the health improves when the Dental needs have
beon  supp.ied.
This is natural; good  blood depends on good digestion,  and thts  In
turn depends on mastication.
 Dr.  Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Meth ds.*
1.1 „ 1                           1
..    :.    1
! oiASSFS
|   ll   j
VJl LiiliJ UJuiJ
1   ii   1
I   11* I
$5
-   i \
COMPLETE
I    f  ;
No  Drugs  Used  ln  Examination
j I! !
■T-HIS advertisement means h gh-        |
•*■    grade   glasses,   with  a   thot-        |
p ji |
ough and  advanced  eye examina
■:  jl   I
tion by a gradua.e specialist. You
II!*:
will find  that  we  give  the  most
1    i   i
value  for   the   least   money,   and
i    i
we    staind     back    of    all     work
turned  out.
5       1
If your eyes ache,  see  us.
i h
Bird Eye Service
i il
(UPSTAIRS)
\ ii
205 SERVICE BLDG.
i ii
j                         BOBSON at GRANVILLE
! fj
I                       Entrance 680 liobson St.
- -~
I'lione  Soy.   8956
I 1
We Want All Union Men to Know We Carry
Headlight Overalls
Union Made
The Headlight people have just opened a work shirt department—and they are dandles, in dark and light blue (union
labeled)    ■'■  $2*25
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova Street West Page Six
THE CANADIAN,LABOR ADVOCATE
.Friday, January 22, 19261
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
•T*HE proposals from the Federa-
ted  Seafarers'  Union  of Canada to the National Sailors & Firemens' Union of Canada to amalgamate have been turned down, according to a letter from the secretary    of   the    latter   organization,
dated January 13th, 1926, a copy
*   of which  we  publish  for the  information of seamen.
NATIONAL SAILORS' AND FIREMENS'  UNION  OF  CANADA
Box 571, Vancouver, B. C.
Mr. Donaldson,
Sec. F. S.-U. of C,
163 Hastings St. W.,
s Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade:—
Received your letter of January
llth,  1926,  with reference to the
so-called  proposals  o£  amalgama-
. tion.
I wish to state that it was turned down at our meeting also instructing me to send same to headquarters for their approval and
opinion, but it was also turned
down by them. The Convention
of the I. S. U. of A. is now in session at Baltimore, Maryland, January llth, being commencing date
and will be finished this week end,
after which we hope to build up
a strong International Union. Also
through the Trades and Labor
Council we hope to be able to
gain ground which we have lost in
the past. Hoping to get in touch
with you in the near future,
I remain yours fraternally,
W. GRIFFITHS, Sec.
In answer 'to the above letter
we sent a letter thanking the N.
S. F. U. of Canada for their courtesy in sending a prompt 'reply to
our letter of January llth, which
was an answer to our proposals of
December 7th, 1925, to amalgamate the unions for the betterment of the seafarers sailing from
the ports of feritish Columiab and
throughout Canada,
We have not been informed when
or where the meeting was held
that decided to turn down the proposals of amalgamation, but what
We would like to know is: Was
every member in British Columbia
canvassed   and   informed   the  na-
Empire
Caf^
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEOO and
BOB KKAOSE
Lata  5_th Batt and 72nd Batt.
ture of the proposals from; the
Federated Seafarers' Union? The
proposals were sent at the request
of some of our members in the National Sailors' & Firemen's Union
of Canada, coupled with the desire of many seamen who are at
present unorganized.
The main point for seamen sailing from the ports of British Columbia to get into their heads is:
That if the entire mebmership of
the National Sailors' & Firemen's
Union of Canada were willing to
accept the proposals of amalgamation, they would have to obey
the orders of the officers of the
International Seamen's Union of
America, which body at present refuses to allow the National Sailors'
& Firemen's Union of Canada to
amalgamate with the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada who
are dissatisfied with the result of
the amalgamation proposals, and
many more will follow their example.
Seamen should take particular
notice of what organization is
working in the interests of the
seafarers of Canada. The history
of The Federated Seafarers' Union
of Canada speaks for betterment
of seafarers throughout the Dominion of Canada. It is to be
hoped that our efforts to organize the ports of Montreal, Halifax
and St. Johns, will meet with success in April of this year. It is
also intended to have proposed
amendments to the Canada Shipping Act, put before the Govern-
emnt at Ottawa against certain
clauses which certainly are against
the interests of seamen sailing on
ships, registered in Canada.
We have just completed a detailed work of the organization
from! January 1st, 1925, until December 31st, 1925, and will have
the report in the next issue of the
Labor Advocate. Get your name
on the subscriber's, list. George
Coutts has added his name to a
subscription for the paper that he
is doing so much for the cause of
the seamen in exposing the conditions aboard vessels sailing from
B. C. ports.
MAIL LIST
Boland, F.; Boland, T; Bates,
H.; Bell, A.; Cox, D.; Farquhar,
D.; Hodaon, J.; Hamll, B.; Hannah, W. T.; Henderson, C; Jones,
R. N.; Jones, T.; Kissock, J.; Kelly, E. A.; Knox, A.; Lawson, J.;
Love, W. F.; Maekay, J.; McLean,
L.; Matthews, R.; McDonald, J.;
Miller, H.; McCann, J.; Ogden, A.
W.; Starr, J.; Worrall, W.
Letters have been received from
members In South Africa and Japan, wishing the organization every success.
Company Unions Must
Go Says A.F.L. Head
NEW YORK.—Company unions
must pass out of the picture. William Green, president American
Federation of Labor told the annual meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
'Management must either deal
with trade unions organized by the
workers, free and apart from outside influences, or deal with their
workers individually,"
Green thinks that management
is missing the mark in endeavoring to satisfy the worker's desire
for organization through company
unions— giving the semblance,
without the life, of organization.
'The purpose of- .management
which fosters the organization of
company unions ls clear and understood," he says. "The motive behind their action is a selfish one.
It represents the desire for autocratic control and managerial domination. They seek to maintain
the form of collective bargaining
without its virtues or its spirit of
independence. They exert the
power of compulsion instead of
•inviting the voluntary co-operation
of their employees."
Such co-operation Green would
have come through agreement between the trade unions and management to make industry more efficient. His argument, addressed
to the engineers, is timed with the
growing attention that industrial
engineers are giving to labor relations. The classical Taylor efficiency system treated the worker as an automatom. The. newer
production methods tend to use a
psychological approach. The company union is founded on an erroneous psychology, the trade union-management advocates believes.
Notes From the Camps
Sweat Shop Employers
Bribing Legislature
NEW YORK.—(F P)—Flower
and feather manufacturers are
charged with attempting to bribe
■members of New York state legislature in order to block the efforts of organized labor to put artificial flower and feather making
on the prohibited list of home
work products. Senator Straus
makes the charge. The employers brag of their powerful lobby
In Albany. They succeeded In
breaking the strike of flower and
feather shop workers who organized a union in 1925. The Women's Trade Union League is
aiding the union and its legislative agent, Mabel Leslie, will work
in Albany for legislative protection  for  these  sweated  workers.
A FURTHER organizing meeting of loggers was held bj
the Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union of Canada in the Holden
Building on Thursday night last.
The meeting was addressed by W.
Dunn, W, Bartlett and P. R, Bengough of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council,
Each of the speakers stressed
the need of organization, and
pointed out that it was only by
the workers combining their
forces together, and struggling
against the forces of reaction that
progress had been made, and the
present concessions held by Labor
had been gained. It was shown how
the employers are united in their
various organizations for the purpose of protecting themselves and
furthering their own nteriests, and
it was only by doing the same
thing that the men working in the
woods could possibly hope to improve their conditions in life and
receive a living wage for their
toil.
Several new members have
been signed up as ia result of
the meeting held a week ago, and
after the meeting last' night two
more new members came up to
the office and signed up. While
seemingly no advance was mads
at the meeting yet the work done
by the speakers was effective, and
has since borne fruit.
At the time of going to press
it is not certain as to whether a
meeting wil be held again next
week. At present the Union Executive has the matter under consideration, At anyrate if the
meetings are discontinued for the
present they will be started up
again at a later date. The officers of the Vancouver Trades
Council, are giving every assistance
in helping along the good work.
Sympathy Xmas Present
Given Textile Workers
Whether   or   not   the   workinl
logger  is content with  the  wag
he is  now receiving,  the  Luimbq
corporations are not content
the rate of profit they are
ing.     Despite   the   harvest
have reaped during the past
years a call has been issued for
mass  meeting  of   lumber  baron
bankers,  railroad   presidents,  ad
"big business" men to" be held
the city of Seattle at ah early datcj
The   purpose   of   the   meeting'
"to crystalize opinion and formtj
late   policies  in  every   way  legtj
to improve conditions in the lum
ber Industry,,'    The call is 1
by the vice-president of the
Bell  Lumber  Company,   so  then
is  but  little  need   for anyone t|
harbor the delusion that "improvi
ing   conditions"   means   any
provement to the working logger!
Practically the only way id
which the lumbermen can in]
crease their profits is either td
lengthen hours or reduce wages!
and they will hesitate to do neithj
er if they think they will meej
with no opposition. It is only thq
fear of meeting with organized
sistance that prevents an evej
further grinding down.
The men working on the othel
side of the line are in the sam<
condition as the men on the Can'
adian side—unorganized. Th«
bosses, however, are making even
effort to further their own InterJ
ests.
Wbo   Is   BILL   HUNGERFORD t
Aek Any Labor Man.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SETMOUB STBBBI
Housekeeping   and   Traoilent
Central—Termi Moderate
Under New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Cambridge, Props.
HOSPITAL NOTES
Dad  Gilmartln  is improving at
the   General   Hospital.     Bro.   T.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Ordera Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
Wa Mak* a Special Effort to Gat Gooda Ont by Flnt Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Cordova and Oarrall
Vancouver, B.0.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
Lynch went to see him on Wednesday, January 20th, and Dad was
smoking the pipe that was sent
to him at Christmas from the organization, which he was very
proud of according to the report
of Bro. Lynch. The management
of the Broadway Hotel sent up
some comforts to Dad with a comforting message.
Brother Harris Manos is still
at St. Paul's Hospital, and is improving although not as quick as
he would like. The organization
has taken his case up with the
Coastwise Steamship & Barge
Company regarding comlpensation
under the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Phil Creegan of the S. S. Kingsley reports that he is doing well
and that the Canadian Merchant
Service Guild has been very attentive to his wants. Although not
a member of the Federated Seafarers' Union, he is always enquiring about the affairs of the organization, and hopes that they will
have a more successful year than
last. Phil Is a retired member
since he obtained his mate's certificate. The Kingsley Navigation
Co. haa visited him.
NEW YORK.—(FP)—Sympathy
and a 10-per cent, wage cut are
handed the 3,000 woolen and worsted workers of Pittsfield by the
arbitration board that has been
passing on their demands since
they ended last summer's strike
aganst the reduction. Harold E.
Goewiey, labor man on the committee, opposed the decision but
the companies' full claims were
granted by the vote of Judge Car-
olton T. Phelps of North Adams,
representing the employers, and
Judge Frederick M. Myers of Pitts-
field,  sitting in for the public.
It's too bad but we've got to do
It, was tha tone of the pro-cut
arbitrators in their majority report. "There Is no doubt," they
stated, "that considering the skill
required of the textile worker he
is underpaid as compared with almost any other skilled worker. This
condition, however, is not peculiar
to Pittsfield."
But sympathy for the employers
outweighed emotions for underpaid
labor. Tre two arbitrators said
they thought It unfair to put heavier wage costs on the Pittsfield
employers than on their competitors.
These mills paid the lowest
wages in the New England woolen
industry, wages "having already
been slashed 50 per oent. in five
years.
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~:\—;t-■"--'■ ■-- '■■'■"* -i
'riday, January 22, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Seven
line Owner Asked if
He is Worth 440 Men
LONDON — Some remarkable
ots were divulged at a recent
sion of the Royal Commission,
uiring into the British coal
Inlng industry. The Duke of
irthumberland appeared to give
Idence, and was cross examin-
by A, J. Cook, Secretary of Uie
hers Federation of Great Bri-
wi.
The    Westminster    Hall    was
.eked  by  the friends  and  sup-
Trades Union Congress
Demands 48-Hour Week
British Labor Closes Ranks
_____________-___________m________________________<_i
MEW   YORK—(FP)—"British tolerated, but a determined fight
labor is not disposed to sub-  put up for the union's all-grades
THE VICKERS'
BUBBLE
mlt tamely to Wage reductions.
The 'not a penny off, not a minute on' slogan of the miners union has the backing of other un***
rters of the" duke.   Mineowners,  lons and the colllery workers m
,ers, experts, and fawning agents  not llkely to modlfy !t t0 8ult the
the capitalist press surrounded  lower wa^ demands the employers are now presenting."
So  says Len De Caux,  London
for       Federated
Press,    visiting    New    York   and
Brookwood Labor College, regard
e duke while he admitted many
nsational  points  under the  fire
the miners'  representative.  No  correspondent
Under Cook congratulated North-
programjme.
"The metal trades are holding
their demands in abeyance pending negotiations, but here too
there  is  a wides breach  between
lower wages and longer hours.
"The aggressive attitude of the
employers   and   the   general   pre-
J ONDON.—The    report
special    advisory
of
LONDON.—The following manifesto has been issued jointly by the
General Council of the Trades. Union Congress and the National
Executive of the Labor Party:—
By 83 votes to 2, at" the first
the International    Labor    Conference,
■^   special    advisory    committee held in Washington in 1919, an in-
which  investigated  the affairs of ternatlonal convention was adopted
Vickers,  Ltd.,  was issued recent-  for the establishment of an inter-
ly.    The  "stunt"    press  heralded  national 4 8 -hour week,
the report in Its usual sensational      A bi» for the unconditional rat-
U1      ,        ..   ,      manner, but it comee as no sur-  i«°ation of this convention has now
the machinists' claim for a $5 rise .^ whQ have MUImli  been  brought  before  the  Parlia-
and the employers' programme of the ^^ q{ -^ Jron  and ^  ment of Denmark by the Danish
' " industry in   recent years. Labor   Government.    In   Belgium
,    . ...  .,„„,„_  a  Bill  for  unconditional  ratifica-
- -.-    -   „-—   .*--        T»» PIain *«*■"• ^ *"??  tlon has just been  introduced by
parations, official and otherwise," the war the controllers of neaw ^ Goverranent on th6 lnitlatlve
nberland and the mine-owners —uou ^ ,™»s, .-„- for strike-breaking in the event of ^ustry Jn this cojuntry »J Qf ^ ^^ mnMera A ,.atlfl.
L  thn ,mit«„  front  t„ev  „™.  ">g dispatches from England that   the anticipated crisis in May, are  wallowed  in large.profits   wrung ^^    Bffl    ^
the coal operators are asking the   being met by the stubborn hostil-  out of the mad fever oi aesxruc
Coal Commission, to sanction wage   ity of labor, but counter-prepara-  tion.     Capital figures were enor-
outs ranging up to 15 shillings a  tlons ln the shape of the workers'   mouSly  Inflated,   ^'hundred*    be-
week and for an additional hour's   defense corps advocated by John   cam16    "thousands,"   and     thous-
™'_^\™tm*_t°_?i™ work a.day in the pits without ex-  Wheatley,  while being pushed in  ands"   became ^£J£ are taki„g, steps to ratlfy, but the
*» W ma"y   localltle8'    W   not   *een  *e bf H,?ir S*™™* enactment of an interna-
"The   unguarded   statement   of generally or officially adopted by. fore it bursts. ^^ ^^ wegk
Premier Baldwin that'wages must the labor movement.                             Here are the figures during and ^   ^.^..^   ^...^   ^    .^
.come  down  all  around',"  contln- "The Imprisonment of  60  Am-  sInce the war.—
>on the united front they pre*
nted against those who were
rhtlng for the poverty-stricken
i iters,
been    carried
through the Chamber of Deputies
in France, and is expected shortly
to pass the Senate.
Other countries have taken,  or
iat people like the marquis of
ute got £150,000 a year out of
ie mines, and that the annual
im collected by the duke of
amilton was £115,000.
In reply to A. J. Cook the duke
ues De Caux, "though since repudiated,   ls  undoubtedly  the   kely-
Inenford miners in Wales and the  Year,
12 Communists in London is one
Northumberland admitted that  note  of  the  organized  employers   of the issues on which the whole
. received £75,000 per annum in jn au industries, but with the ex
lyaltieS. ception of labor's one weak link,
•Cook pointed out that the duke's the seamen,  the  unions are pre-
tsome was over £200 a day, and serving  a  united!   and   unbroken
iat  that  represented  the  equlv- front.
lent  of  the   dally wage  of  440      "It ls generally recognized that
iners. the first attack will be made  On
"Do you think," he asked, "that the miners' standards, but all oth-
3U render the same service to the er  Industries are  warned  by the
unmiunity as 440 miners?" decision   of  the   National   Wages
The duke pointed out that the Board  Preserving .nearly the sta-
gure given
>me.
was  the  gros^  ifi-
movement, political as well aa industrial, is united in vehement
protest. It ls recognized as a
foretaste of the political suppression British capitalism has in
store for labor in general, if the 1920
workers continue resisting the 1921
employers' attempt to lower living
standards.
"The sharpening of the elass
lines is further reflected in the
growing truculence of the fascist
elements, and the notorious clem-
Profita.
£
1,099,678
4,493,726
tus  quo  ln  the  railroad industry
seem   to   meet   the   approval   of
higher union officials, there Is a ency of the courts to fascist of-
Cook:  I am taking the miners'  rlsing   tJde   of   revolt   agalnat   j{ fenders,   as   in   the   case  of  the
among the rank and file and rnih- Daily Herald hold-up and the let-
or officials, especially of the Natl, ting off with  a  nominal  fine  of
'oss wage too
The   duke:
Very   well,    then.
British Government.
No attempt was made by the
British Government to give effect
to their pledge until the Labor
Government assumed office in
1924. The Bill which was then
introduced by the Minister of
Labor (Mr. Tom Sha.w, M.P.) was
dropped when the present Conservative Government came into
power.
'    " Imperative Obligation
The   objections   that   successive
British   Governments   have  raised
5   *Per  against ratification by this country
cent, was paid in  1921  and  1922,   are iargeiy met Wjthin the terms
but this is   equivalent to  15  per  o( tne convention itself, and at a
oent. on the new and (presumably)   conference of the Ministers of La-
real capitalisation. ber   of' Britain,   France,   Belgium
The  report   proposes  that  Uhe  and   Germany,   during  the Labor
1922
1923
1924
641,261
708,103
683,205
499,555
403,225
It  Willi  be  noticed  that
Dividend on
Ordinary Shares.
' p.c.
12% tax free
12%    „    „
12%    „    „
12%    „    „
11%    „    ..
nil
5 less tax
5    „    „
nil
nil
impare   the
ith mine.
miners'    outgoings Union of Railwaymen, who claim   the Tory  who  broke  the  leg  of  ™*  flta\fv *e ?T J?m-\ ^oTT^'*  ^   °'   0M,°°   '"
tw „„♦ nmv .hnnw  nn.  „„., h«  Tavlnr.  T*hn* rmrtv sneaker" duceA from 20%   to ^A™""™!  1924'   "  was  unanimously  agreed
that not only should not cuts be Taylor, Labor party speaker.
Cook: If he had your Income
9, would not mind.
This made theduke very angry,
id he said something that could
)t be heard at the press table.
After further evidence had been
British Unemployed Growth of the British
Organizing Rapidly    Co-operative Movement
sterling; the reserve of £3,600,000 that ratification was possible,
is to  be  cancelled,   and   £632,044      The pregent Gov6rnment clatm8
will be transferred from the credit grea(. credlt for the sUccess o£ ^
of  profit  and  loss  account.    Al- d]plomatlc efforts at Locarno*  but
together, £12,442,366 will be writ- ,t8  obligatlm  to  ,egis]ate  Qn   (he
„ '   „ ,„   ten   off'  10 mllIions ffoing in re- internatlonaI 48_hour week ,s not
was a  Sunday afternoon   in  duction of the book value, of the lesa imperative as one of the s,
The  p,a? Wa9 company's assets and investments natoHes t(j the peace TreatV| which
in  other companies,  and  the re- ,ald ,t down t]m(. a uniform W0I.,_.
maining   2%   millions   forming  a
LONDON.—In  spite  of the  at- It
ven the duke declared he would  tempt of the government to solve November,   1843
ght to preserve the principle of the unemployment problem by re- Rochdale, England, a growing in
irivate mineral ownership.    '         ducing  the  number  of  recipients dustrial town hard by the birth
of Unemployment Insurance Bene- place   of  Capitalism,   the  city  of n&w ieserve for contingencies,
•               .   p «   -          fit  at  the  Labor  Exchanges,   we Manchester. It |a the ordinary   shareholders
nemplOyment  Jtenei           find that the *figUres published by The times were dark with misery who occupy the role of milch cow.
Not Charitable Dole the Ministry of Labor state that for   a   nation's   workers.     They They  wlll  have  to  agree  to  the
                           there is an increase in the number seemed  that  afternoon  especially -*out.**
of unemployed men on the Live dairk to Rochdale's flannel weav- Among   causes   given   for   the
Register. ers, who had just emerged  from j,.^   jt   ja    admitted   that    "the
The  fact  that  it  is  impossible an unsuccessful strike.   The mem- management had  not the  special  fu'r'the*r "delay
for the workless to obtain benefit bers present put together £28, all eXperience required to direct and      0n b6half of the Br,t]sh Trades
from the Labor  Exchange  is,  of their capital, and decided for self- oontrol m large and varied a body Unlon Conffress.
illions towards the fund during  course,  forcing  huge  numbers to employment and freedom from the of lndustrlal undertakings."                         Arthur  p    h   (chah.man),
g ^^ ^ the boarfls ^ guardlans ,n iexp,olti„g merchants and the wage oh, tllese self.appointed captains             WaUer M   ^^
England  and  Wales,   and  to  the system—a dream. ot industry, whose brains and abll-                             (Acting Secretary),
parish councils in Scotland.    This In 1922 the Co-operative Union, ity,   so  we are  told,   were  India-      0n behaif of the British Labor
in turn, is causing local authorities the educational federation of the pensable;   and   whose   managerial  party:
I That the benefit paid out by the
iployment exchanges ls net a
harltable dole is shown by the
|tct that the workers themselves
ave  contributed  .more  than   £62
ing day of eight hours is essential
to the peace and well-being of all
peoples.
We appeal once more to the
British Government to fulfil the
plejdge given tin behalf of this
country by ratifying the Washington    Hours    Convention    without
pe last four years.
{^During  this period the  respective sources of income of the fund
pre as follows:*—
Porkers'  Contributions—
£62,015,000
f Employers' contributions—
£71,527,000
I State contributions—
£46,080,000   quarters   of  the   National   Unejn.*
'Therefore, only about a quarter  ployed Workers Committee Move
If the so-called "dole" comes from  ment prove that unemployment in*
ne coffers of the State.
to   become   bankrupt,   and   every  British    Co-operative    Movement,   genius,   not  the    workers?   labor,
week  the  position  becomes  more  held  its  54th  congress,  at which  created   the   undertaking  and   Its
serious for them. 1600 delegates represented a mem-  profits!
The large number of complaints  bership oil 4,548,557. The reconstruction reminds us of
that have been forwarded to the      Together with their families the others since the wan-
co-operators    comprised    40    per
cent,  of the  population  of Great
Britain.     On   the   preceding  year
surance benefit   is being   refused  the   retail   co-operative   Societies
Robert Williams'
(Chairman).
Arthur Henderson
(Secretary).
who wrote off
who wrote
OITT  OP VANCOUVEB
on any flimsy pretext, and in very supplied their members with goods
many cases by a distortion of the to the amount of over £220,000,-
facts. ) 000.
who
British Rail Workers
Retain Present Wage
LONDON.—The Executive Councils of the National Union of Rallwaymen and tlio Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and
Firemen have recommended to
their members that the findings
of the National 'Wages Board be
accepted.
...    *.*,*_    ,,„.„..,........  It will be remembered that the
|ar   1926,   hns   be,™  returned   to  me      emb6rshlp of that body| an(J the   if only the dreamers don't confine  place  ,„  the British  Prlntlng  ln_   jj.U.R.    put   forward   a   National
Court of Revision.
The  action  of  the  government
In 1913 the Co-operative Whole-
Dunlop Rubber,
£10,500,000.
Crosse & Blackwell,
off £4,600,000.
British   Dye   Corporation,
wrote off £2, 800,000.
and at least two  others,  each  of
which had   to discard "water" to
the tune of over a million.
PRINTERS AMALGAMATE
LONDON.— (PP) ■— Another
In economizing at the expense of sale  Society  came  to the aid   of
. the unemployed Is forcing them to 30,000 strikers in Dublin, Irelatad.
FAKE   NOTICE   that  the   Assessment „,.nterfinn   in«idP  the   ranks The Society sent seventeen vessels
Roll of all rateable property in the seek   P'otection   inside  the   raniss                                    rtirl>rtlv   to   the
|ty   of   Vanoouver,   which   will   form of the N.U.W.C.M,    This is proved filled   with   food   directly   to   the
basis of municipal taxation for the *[.„   the   phenomenal   increase   in strikers.    So dreams do come true  amalgamation    is    soon    to    take
r   1926,   has   been   returned   to   me ■-      ■-- *■      •  •*■—"■ —"-*•
pursuqfice  of  the  provisions  of  the mei
STancouver   Incorporation   Act,   1921," fact that,   during  the  last month,
Id   that   the   same   may   be   inspected „„   „„„    .   .  .   „_„„_i_„ti„__   l*,**,,,**
I the  offices   of  the  Assessment  Corn- 20   new   local   organizations   have
Issioner,   City   Hall,   Vancouver,   bo- been formed.,                               •            pasa this copy to your shopmate  sociation of Pressmen in favor of   conditions.
rnnoonheeahcl.rday! and'ttat ?C int At    the    forthcoming    National and get him to subscribe.                  amalgamating   with   the   printing   ter claim,*,]
leting of the Court of Revision to re- Conference, to be held in Stoke-on- —
themselves to dreaming alone.
dustry as a result of a ballot of the   All-Grades
members of the Amalgamated As-   creases
machine branch   of
programme for in-
wages and improved
The companies coun-
for wage reductions,
the National  After some  months of arbitration
unemployed   section   of   the
Union   of   Printing,   Bookbinding,
Machine   Ruling- &   Paper   Work-
LNDON—(FP)—The     44-hour   ^  the*largest  unlon   in  the  in_
week has  been  established in the   dustry    wlth    a    mQmbership    of
British   building   industry   by   an  abou(. 70000
agreement signed by the employers	
and  all  the  London  building  un- ,      *     ■
ions.    Attempts to enforce a 46%       H« that conceals a useful truth
hour week during the summer had   is equally guilty with  the  propa-
h^1^.tM^%*Tl^ Trent' JanUalT n' U and  25'  the   44-HOUR WEEK FOR BCILDEKS
10 o'clock in the  forenoon,  in  the whole   position   will   be   reviewed,
|unoil    Chamber,  at  the   City    Hall, .and pians ma(je for an intensified
lain   Street,   Vancouver. .   ■ ,   ,.
I At  the   aaid  meeting   all   complaints campaign  to  compel   the  govern-
fainst the assessment as made by the ment   to   fulfil   its   obligations   to
Jssessor,   which   shall   have   been   re- ..
lived by me at least seven clear days
Jrlor-lo  the  date of the  said  meeting, working class,
till  be  heard. 	
a     » „   -.   ^"^"CTty^rk.      Don.t forget!   Mention the Ad-  ;'r7vokedMgo'rous""unofficial   job  Bator of an injurious falsehood.- members being accepted at the last
%_£$ -T°v&.     " VPcat, when buying. action in London. St. Augustine. meeting.
t.ho question came before the National Wages Board, who turned
down both the proposals of the
Unions and the Companies.
NEW ORLEANS.—(FP) —The
Federated Employes Union in New
Orleans   is   flourishing,    35     new Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, January 22, 1926
OUR ECONOMIC SURVEY
Company Union Helps
Fill Packer's Pockets
-BOOK  REVIEW -
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press) omic transformation of China re-   (By
GREATER   opportunity   to   ex- "•>0n-» cannot help but create a
^ plolt Chinese labor in competition with workers of older capitalist powers is the economic motive in America's apparent magnanimity toward Chinese national
aspirations. Tariff autonomy for
China will help American businoss
almost as much as it -vill hurt
British and Japanese producers of
textile products.
wider market for our machinery.'
Good labor it bargain rates is
China's chief attraction to foreign
capital. To quote an earlier report of the department:; "China's
greatest resource, by long odds, is
LELAND   OLDS,   Federated
Press)
Employe renresentation helps
produce big profits, boasts President Louis P. Swift of the giant
meat trust in announcing that the
1925 profits exceed those of any
postwar year.    The company un-
(BT  SCOTT NEARING)
its man  power.    No  country has   ion,  introduced In 1921  to lower
wages and lengthen hours, ls
praised as partly responsible for
the     $16,379,152    profits    which
"From a purely economic standpoint,"  says a  report  of the  de-
so vast a population so thorough*
ly   habituated   to   industry;   but
without  foreign   cap'tal   11!tie  Industrial  progress ln  China would   mean approximately 18  per cent,
have been made." on   the   real   lnvestmnet   of  the
Dominant     capitalist     interests   owners,
partment of commerce on Chinese faced with strong trade unions at       "What success Swift & Co. has
tariff   autonomy,    "Americans home   are   beginning   to   see   in   attained during the past year and
should  welcome  such  a develop- China  a  greater  opportunity  for   previously," say Swift,  "has been
profit as a market for investment   flue to  the  faithful  work  of the
than as a market for consumtera'
g-nods.      Arrerirn.   a*-,   the   le.rMn*?
eap'a'i^t  pe   *■■•  iv  li   a  vast  jmt-
■.'u"* of idle capital, is certain to
ment. With it should come greater demand l'rom China for machinery, iron and steel products,
automotive equipment and ra! way
materials,    while   the   decline   in
cotton   goods   imports   should   af-  take    the    lead    In    encouraging
feet us but sightly    The only ln- China,  as  against  certain  British
employes.
One   of   the   strongest
pc**-:f*tj.     c**.**
ft    &   Co",    'ins   is   the
'' *.   "otlon  to  the
comnanv's
!nterests  shown  by  Its
employes.
It ls our aim to make
the employes feel that they have
dustrializatlon that can take place and Japanese Interests whose home   a reaJ  ,ntereat  ln th    00mnanv.g
welfare.   Since we established em-
in China along economic lines is Investment will be hit.    It ls Am-
in those imported commodities in erican  capitals .necessity,  rather  pi^p^^^^^
which we participate in only the than pressure of American liber-
slightest degree,  while the econ- als, which assures this attitude.
progress  has   been   made   toward
___            removing possible causes of ihis-
 ~~~- '  understanding.     We   have   found
Rate of Exp oitation Propose Continued Rent   that in most cases frank and open
Steadily Increasing   Protection for Workers Z-fZ^ZTZ^T^.
Where   there   is  between   men   a
DEPARTMENT of Commerce fig-      ALBANY,   N.T.—(FP)—Contin-  realization   of   each  other's  diffl-
ures   showing   production   in uation of the emergency rent laws cultles, there is usually a deeper
the various industries in  Novem- which help protect workers from  sympathy   and   greater  respect."
ber   issued   simultaneously    make too   high   rents   brought   by   the     Here is a clear statement as to
possible     comparison     indiafnv housing shortage is recommended the purpose of the company un-
that employers are getting about to the New York state legislature ion.    It makes the employe an as-
30% more production from the av- by the Housings Commission as a set to the stockholder.    But how
erage   worker  than   in   1919   and result of its hearings.    After May about the employe's real interest?
14% more production for each $1 h   1926,   the  legal limitations  on According to department of labor
paid  in  wages.     The  figures for rents  averaging  $20   or  over  per figures   packinghouse   wages   are
production, employment -and total room should be removed, says the considerably below the average for
wages, shown as a percentage of commission,   but  on   rents   under  industry as  a whole.    The  aver-
the average for 1919 taken as 100 $20 per room they should remain  age male worker in the packing-
until June  1,  1927.    Less than .3  houses   of   Illinois  gets   $27.87   a
Employ- per  cent-  of the  houses  ***•••*  ln week  compared  with  an  average
ment Wages  1924 otter rent at *12-50 or less  of *31,25 a week Pa,d hls fellows
q,    per   room,   the   average   paid   by ln   other   Illinois   factories.     So
104 workers.    More than 50 per cent, much for what Swift employes get
of   the   new   houses   rent   from  for  their   "devotion' to   the  com-
$19.60  per room up. pany's interests."
Lax   enforcement   of   the   rent      Signifcant  figures -in  the  Swift
laws Is attacked  by the  commls-  rePort for 1925 and 1924 are:
sion.      "Flagrant   violations   that Swift & Co.       1925 1924
102  menace   the  comfort,   health  and Total sales—
156  sofety   of  tenants   ln   New  York $875,000,000 $775,000,000
90 .City," are reported.    The force of Net profits—
179  inspectors   upon   whom   enforce- 15,379,058
   ment depends is stated to be Inad- Dividends—
HI  equate.    A   supplementary  report 12,000,000
suggesting  measures   for   lmprov- Added to surplus—
These  figures  for  the  separate  ,ng  houslng  conalt!ons  for  those 3,879,152
industries show wide variation in  ab,e tQ pay only ,ower renta la to Total surplu8_
the amount of speeding up which  be   aubmitted   next   month     The 69,478,967
%t are:
Factories
Production
Food   101
Textile  107
Iron & Steel ..131
Lumber   152
Leather      81
Paper     114
Chemical     191
Stone & clay .. 140
Tobacco     116
Automobile   .... 225
All   Industries.. 127
%
90
97
89
102
89
107
76
124
90
136
97
107
96
116
88
145
14,125,987
12,000,000
2,125,987
66,099,815
CELDOM has the question of art
in the Soviet Union received
more thorough treatment than in
a book published in Great Britain
written by Sir Martin Conway, one
of the foremost art critics of England. Conway states ln the introduction that he is neither pro-
soviet nor antl-sovlet. He did not
go to Russia to study politics but
to see art, and his expectations
were more than justified. He
writes:
"The public museums of Russia,
the Hermitage in Petersburg, and
the museums ln Moscow are of
old-standing fame. I knew what
to expect. But the wealth of the
ezars, in palaces and in every kind
of treasure within them far surpassed "all my expectations, and
now, as I look back, there sparkle
and shine in my memory incredible quantities of jewels, masses of
plate, measured rather by tons
than by numbers, countless quantities of porccelain filling gallery
after gallery, and leaving yet 75,-
000 pieces for which exhibition
rooms cannot be found. I also recall great vases, and tables and
even walls of lapis lazuli and malachite, statues and busts, antique
and modern, upwards of 20,000
pictures, vast collections of drawings and engravings, endless suites
of furniture, walls covered with
tapestries and carpeted floors by
the acre; ikons 4>y the thousand,
sheeted  with  embossed  covers of
silver, gilt and enamel and
every object that the genius of
man haa brought into existence
and his decorative instincts have
embellished."
Conway marvels that such a
mass of treasure should have escaped "the chaos of an unparalleled revolution." "It was far
otherwise in France in 1789," he
notes. There, treasures of church
and state alike went Into the melting pot. "Hardly any of the
works of French goldsmiths of the
18th century escaped. Ruin overtook the great abbeys, and many
of the noblest examples of medieval architecture were leveled to
the ground.
"In Russia nothing of the kind
has happened.    The monasteries,
Indeed, have been supressed ai
their property confiscated, but
far from being injured, their pah
ings, their vestments, their jew
and embroideries have been eai
'fully gathered together and ma
of them saved from the progrt
sl-we decay which they were si
ferlng.   They are better oared
by the soviet government than tl
were by the monks."
These are but samples of t
comment contained ln this r
markable study, which appeq
under the title Art Treasures'
Soviet Russia. The author pa
little or no attention to economi
and sociology, but on.the field]
art he shows that the sovi
authorities have preserved t
treasures of the state and t
church to an almost unbelieval
extent.
American editors who may 1
contemplating articles on the de
tructlveness of working-class ri(
In the Soviet Union should glan
through this book.
Prison-Made Signs
Insult Boston Labc
(By Federated Press.)
BOSTON. — Prison-made   gool
will  be  thrust  into  the   face 1
every worker ln Boston lf the ci]
planning board's proposal to u
penitentiary-made  Bigns   to   mai
Boston's thoroughfares  ls  folio,
ed.    A hundred thousand dollar
worth of signs are wanted to r*
place wornout signs at street bj
infections.  Charleston penitential
would be the principal source J
prison goods supply.    Here hu
dreds of thousands of automobl
signs are now turned  out und
shop conditions far from sanitar
Bartolomeo Vanzettl of the eel
brated labor defense case is oj
of the prisoners.
Organized labor ls expected
protest  vigorously.    A   campaii
against prison-made goods ls n<
ln   effect and  the city  plannl
board's proposal  ls  regarded
an insult.
Thou wilt find rest from v<j
fancies If thou doest every act
life as if lt were thy last.—Mart;
Aurelius,
has been achieved.    The food in-  commlssIon  flnds that g,^ dtg. Capital stock—
dustry appears to be getting ahout  turbances would result lf the rent 150,000,000    150,000 000
_12%_more production per worker  lawg  ende(J  February  1 and  ten- Percent   profit  10.26%    i.ilcfc
in  the  lower  priced  rooms The real amount put into the
but 3% less per $1 of wases. Tex-  ants
tile   mMls  are   gettint?   10%   move
production per worker  but ahout  erage ~30 per" cent, rent "rises.
the   same   production   per   $1   of
wares.
The iron and steel, lumber,
chemical tobacco and automobile
industries show outstanding gains
both in produetion per worker and
had to make adjustments to av- Industry by the stockholders, according to a report of the feder-
  al   trade   commission,   figures   at
Tni_»__._____t___ -_?______.____. about  $86,000,000  instead  of  the
JournaLstic Enemies        $150,000,000 indicated by the par
Observe Anniversaries valUe of the stock- s° the 10.25
per cent, return on capital really
means about 18 per cent, on the
CHICAGO—(F   P)—Two    daily
wspapei-s  presenting   the    most
71-,"", '"   _."."."     =--■■*- »-*- extwme contrasts are also obser-  V'°  *""f"jyBa  __3
47% in produetion per worker and ^ onnlvo__oH„o * „>,._ t_ devotion  to the company's inter-
per dollar of. wages.    In the case                  uu    v*    £■'     _?■"   uaj' owners'   lnvestmnet   nrnflnnoH   hv
n<> i..„„  ,,„.*   =♦„ i  ,„.   „ i        „„ newspapers  presenting   the   most  ■'■ "ivestmnei,   produced   by
of  iron  and   steel  the   gains are ____■, '_._    _.-?   ,_        • _   the  employes'   "snlendirt   snirit  nf
37% in nroductlon per $1 of wages;
in lumber 49% and 31%; chemicals Including petroleum ni-erVet-**,
152% and 87%; tobneco 29% and
17%; automobile 31% and 14%.
vlng anniversaries In Chief so these
ests."
days.    The  Chicago   Daily  News,
favorite organ of the big banking ~ ~~~"
and industriai ring, was 50 years QU  Company  Ordered
To Pay Its Strikers
old  December   23,  celebrating its
half century by passing into  the
direct ownership of the city's most
AUSTRAUA TIRED OF P. R.    notorious openshoppers and flnan-      MEXICO   CITY.— One    ^son
SYDNEY. — (FP) —Contending clal exploiters. why  the  Wall Street  imperialists
that proportional representation is The other extreme is the Com- still regard Mexico with suspicious
a failure as it has not rendered munist Daily Worker which enters eyes and are not yet and probably
elections decisive and bas returned on its third year of daily publlca- never will be satisfied with the
parties to power which pre"ent a tion January 13. With practically Calles government is seen in the
clear-cut issue between canital and no advertising revenue it has sur- decision of the Mexican supreme
labor, the New South Wales La-vived only through the constant court ordering the Aguila Oil com-
bor government has introduced a financial support of its readers. Pany to pay the strikers wages for
bill to abolish the system nnd re- Its anniversary issue dated Jan- the time they have been locked out
store the two-party system—one "ary 9, contains congratulations by the company for insisting on
for the workers, and one against,   from   Communists   all   over   the demands that were found justified.
world headed  bf President Zino- The sum will approximate $1 000 -
"'"" -" "-- '- • ■   - ■ 000. '    '
Long Ran?e Radio cets
Complete with all Accessories, including Storage "A"
and Storage "B" Batteries.     Real Bargain
$30.00
$5.00  Cash,  $2.00 Weekly
Listen in on Los Angeles, Oakland, San Francisco, Portland,
Seattle, Calgary, etc.
GUARANTEED
THE ELECTRIC SHOP, LTD.
82 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B. O.X,      j
Phone Sey. 486
MARE    ISLAND,  Cal.—(FP)— vlev  of  the  Communist   Interna-
Molders emnloyed at the U. S. navy tional who cables:
yard   have   been   granted   a   wnpre      "Lon?  live  The   Dally  Worker,
r.i'.e.of 1flc,a dav. from !*7.M to entering upon itS'thlrij year,-heraId
$•*.    Ihe  folders' Union liTsatis-  n"*1 bearer of tv*e proletarian reviled since thc raise was mnde voluntarily   by   the   government   to
cover the increased cost of living.
olutlon In America.'
Send In your subsorintion today,  rado,
DENVER.—(FP)—With the sale
of the nonunion Windsor dairy lo
the Natlopal Dairy )?rodii<?tg Co.,
Denver becomes the focus of trust
efforts to control prices in Colo-
Men's
Solid
Leather
Work
Boots
Boys' Every Day Work Boots, $2.75
KIBLER'S SHOE STORES
(Tho Best for Less)
163 HASTINOS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library),
BLAOK OH TAN
PLAIN OR WITH
TOE CAP

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