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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-07-31

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST^
Seventeenth Year.   No. 31
Eight Pages
[By HABBY F. WABD, Federated Press.]
HANGHAL—The Shanghai strike will stand out in labor
history. It began because th& police fired 44 shots into
an unarmed crowd May 30. Now, after three weeks, it is still
going strong. The unique thing about the strike is that the
merchants and bankers are in it. To tie up banks and shops
for three weeks as tight as though it were a national holiday
is something of a record.
Shanghai is one of the great ports of the world. It is
composed of three separately governed cities which run into
each other, so that sometimes the two sides of a street are
under different authorities. There is the native city under
Chinese, government, the French settlement governed by them,
and the   International   Settlement*- ~    ~~~	
governed by a municipal council,
composed of 6 British, 2 Americans and 1 Japanese. One of the
Americans is chairman. The strike
Is confined to the International
Settlement because its police did
the shooting, and to British and
Japanese ships because the British
are the largest and dominant element in the International Settlement and a British officer ordered
the police to flre. Also,it was the
killing of a Chinese laborer in a
Japanese mill that led-students to
make the speeches which caused
the crowd to gather on the day ot
the shooting.
For Political Ends
The labor men of Shanghai are
anxious to have the workers of the
United States understand that this
is not a fight between capital and
labor but a patriotic movement, in
which Chinese capital and labor
are for the time being united for
certain common purposes. Il is
a general strike, mainly for political ends. It is a protest against
foreign Injustices and oppression
and an attempt to get justice and
The Strike Arrangements
The strike is conducted by the
Amalgamated Union of Commerce,
Labor and Education. The constituent bodies are The Federation
of Street Unions composed of some
10,000 small shopkeepers organized by streets; the Oeneral Labor
Union of Shanghai, a federated
body representing about 180,000
workers, about 92 per cent of
whom are ln the International
.Settlement; the Shanghai Students Union; the Chinese Students
Union, a national body. Each of
these four organizations sends 6
delegates to a central executive
committee which makes the general policy of the strike, but each
of them is then responsible for
conducting, its own part of the
undertaking. The students are
the active propaganda force. They
brought the merchants in to begin
with and they kept them from
-quitting at the end of the third
week. They stopped all classes
tut insisted on staying ln the colleges and schools, as their food
had been paid for. They spend
their time in getting out printed
matter, making speeches and collecting funds.
Martial Law ln Force
The labor unions have the most
difficult and vital part of the job.
Eighty per cent of their member-
■stiip has joined since the strike
began. But they expect to hold
most of them afterwards unless
(Continued on pave I)
WiU Demand Definite
C.L.P. Conference Date
Vancouver delegates to the National Conference of the Canadian
Labor Party to be held in Ottawa,
August 2 Oth and 30th, will press
for the establishment of a definite
Conference date and procedure.
This decision was arrived at by a
joint meeting of the Executives ol
the Vancouver Central Council
and the B. C. Section, C. L. P.
Brothers Bengough, Hoover and
Seribbins were appointed to represent British Columbia at the Conference. Should two more delegates be elected to attend' the
Trades Congress Convention, the
C. L. P. executives may appoint
them also as representatives.
Reasons adduced for the establishment of a definite Conference
date were to stimulate interest
and give the rank and file of the
membership an opportunity to
prepare and present material for
the establishment of a unified national program.
Workers Jailed For
Not Having a Home
MONTREAL—Twenty-three men
pleaded guilty before Judge Monet
to trespassing on C.N.R. property
and sleeping in railroad freight
cars in the yards near Victoria
Bridge, and were fined (10 and
costs or the alternative of three
days in jail.
With beds comfortably improvised in the cars, and clothes lines
hung up to serve their needs,
many homeless men in Montreal
have been making it a practice to
use them as lodgings for the night,
Joseph Cohen, prosecuting for the
railway company, told the court.
Judge Monet questioned the men
individually. The majority were
new comers to Canada. Some had
come here from the Cape Breton
coal mines strike area. All were
homeless and without employment.
BOSTON—(FP)—Strike of nonunion electricians on a small job
for union pay follows several
strikes.of union building tradesmen of other crafts, on other jobs,
to force the discharge of nonunion electricians. In several
cases the non-union electricians
were laid off.
ii nm iii»**iimni im. in ii mninii»iii.*«..i.n.n..»
THIS WEEK we have made
a departure from our
usual policy of publishing
short news items by running
an eyewitness account of thc
Shanghai trouble by H. F.
Ward, Chairman American
Civil Liberties Union. We
feel than the importance of
this story, and the possibility that war may yet break
out ln that area, warrants
our departure. The story
Mr. Ward relates is of more
than passing interest.
Coal Depression in
Europe Marks Decay
of Plunderbund Rule
(By Federated Press) '
Depression in the British coal
industry is growing worse with
600 pits closed in the last 12
months. Coal is the great balancing commodity of British trade,
the great offset of British imports,
of raw materials. Before the war
coal exports offset over 6 per cent
of the value of total imports and
16 per cent of the cost of raw materials and articles mainly unmanufactured. In 1925 coal receipts
are paying for less than 4 percent
of the cost of total imports and
for about 11 per cent of raw materials  purchased.
The German coal crisis is almost
equally acute with stocks in the
Ruhr estimated at a record 11,-
000,000 tons. Continued depression of basic industries has reduced the coal syndiacte production quota to 50 per cent of normal and of the steel syndicate to
75 per cent.
The French demand for industrial coal is declining in the general economic uncertainty while
Belgian operators have cut production in the face of 6 months
increase of 130 per cent in coal
stocks. Before the war Belgium
imported annually about 5,500,000
tons and exported nearly as much.
In 1924 imports amounted to
9,300,000 tons while exports were
2,200,000 tons.
Lack of demand for coal means
lack of demand for iron and steel.
This in turn means lack of demand
for plants and machinery. And
this means lack of demand for
new capital. Finally this means
that the machine age has reached
the point where private capitalism
can sustain its privileged position
only by artificial means. It can
do this for a while but its days
are numbered.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Send In Tour Subscription Today.
Offal of All Classes Scab for C.P.R. 1
Workors Jailed for Not Having Home 1
Plutes Wall When Clerk Acquitted....
Labor Women Report on Russia  IS
Mine Owners Take Huge Profits  7
Labor Commonwealth Conference
Meets     7
Rockefeller's  Gilts  Are  Sops    5
U. S. Jobless Increase	
Boston Carmen Compel Arbitration....   8
Shanghai   Strike  Makes   Labor  History  	
John Reed Colony Needs  Sohool    4
Hindu Strikers Appeal for Aid    8
MELBOURNE,   Australia. — When   the   armed   imperialist
might of the United States, in the shape of the great
Pacific fleet, came to anchor in Melbourne harbor, the Australia capitalists and their followers were alone in welcoming,
the fleet.
Class solidarity of the Melbourne unionists, protesting,
against the continued imprisonment by the U. S. government
of a great number of labor unionists, resulted in a complete
boycott of the fleet in so far as any public demonstration
was concerned.
The Street Carmen's Union walked out,  and only the
reactionaries would haul American sailors.    The official re-
~~   "       " f ception  committee  was embarras-
Plutes Lament When
Victim Escapes Jail
MONTREAL.—Blue ruin stares
the country in the face as a,result of red propaganda, according
to the "Financial Post." A recent*
issue of that journal of Babbitts,
bankers and brokers relates a tale
of a former teller of the Royal
Bank at Glace Bay, who was acquitted by a supreme court jury
of a charge of stealing $19,994
from the bank.
"As the foreman announced the
verdict," says the Financial Post,
"the crowded court room burst
into vigorous applause, which was
quelled with difficulty by court
attendants. Conversations heard
in the corridors afterwards made
it clear that there was no particular interest in Bennett personally; it was the fact that a bank
had been 'nicked' for $20,000 that
tickled the crowd. The jury, composed, largely of miners, found
him not guilty."
Offal Of AU Classes
Scab On C.P.R. Ships
VICTORIA, B.C.—The Empress
of Asia cleared from this port for
the Orient with one of the most
cosmopolitan scab crews ever assembled aboard a ship.
There were scabbing against
the Chinese seamen the flotsam
a*r>d jetsam of capitalist culture
and poverty— horn-rimmed professors and teachers from Brass
Check universities, blue-blooded
English Dons who never had done
a real day's work in all their
•parasitical existence, down to just
plain, ordinary, common garden-
variety scabs. Twenty-three nations were represented by scabs
in the crew, and they served as
bellboys, porters, stewards and
ordinary seamen.
On arrival at Victoria from the
Orient the Empress of Canada
carried a number of ex-offlcers
of Butcher Merkuloff's white
army, who were working their
passagp here as scabs on the Chinese strikers.- Madame Merkuloff was a passenger, and on leaving the vessel the formerly be-
tlnselled sycophants of General
Merkuloff "did their stuff" by
bowing and scraping to madame.
Only an Idea can Blay an idea.
Until the workers are animated
with the Idea to be their own
masters they cannot supplant the
Idea that their class Is born for
wage-slavery.—G. D. H. Colo.
sed by a strike of marine firemen
on the reception boat.
Dozens of unions have passed
resolutions pledging non-participation- in all parades, and in some
cases refusal to supply the fleet
with their products.
"We condemn the action of the
master class In America or any
other country, jailing men for
fighting tor their rights, wages,
conditions, etc. We also agree to
the boycott of the American fleet,
or any other fleet and military
system that will be used in the
future to crush the workers who
produce the wealth of the world,"
read the resolution of the Australian Coachmakers Federation.
American Apathy Condemned
The Melbourne Trades Hall
Counoil adopted the following
resolution: "1. That whilst desiring above all things to cement the
bonds of friendship and good will
between Australia and American
labor, the Melbourne Trades Hall
Council recognizing that all war
fleets are but the concrete expression of imperialistic force and
violence, which creates the incentive to incite national hatred, and
is a perpetual menace to civilization and International peace; and
further in order to be consistent
with our anti-war policy as declared at our "No More War" demonstrations, recommends to all
ollicers and delegates of the Council to refrain from participation in
any function connected with the
visit of the American fleet.
"2. That in order to more effectively assist in the effort to
gain the release of the industrial
and political prisoners lying In
American jails, the officers of the
Council be instructed to communi- •
cate with the editors of American,
Canadian and European labor
papers, and call upon them to join
in urging the American authorities
to release all those political and
Industrial prisoners still lying in
BOSTON — (FP) — More than
10,000 additional woolen and
worsted workers of New England
have been sentenced to 10 per
cent lower living standards by
their employers since the American Woolen Co., popularly known
as tho Woolen Trust, set thc pace
last week.
The great are only great
cause we aro on our knees,
us rise up.—Proudhon.
Mention the Advocate and dealer
will know you. Page Two
Friday, July 31, 1925
The Chinese Struggle
Against Imperialism
(Continued From Page 1.)
extraordinary    repression    is    adopted.   Running a strike in Shanghai is about as difficult an undertaking   as   in   West   Virginia   or
Pennsylvania.    No  processions allowed, nor any meetings, not even
on private proporty.    Martial law
ls  in  force  so  that  the  Amalgamated   Union   Daily,   wliich   since
the strike has replaced the Shanghai  Workers'   Weekly,  has  to   he
printed   in   the   Chinese   city  and
can   he   circulated   in   Lhe   Settlement  only secretly.     Nevertheless
thc vorkers have*made the strike
effective   enough   to    compel   the
disci.-_.sion      of     demands    which
would  otheiwise  have  been  completely  rejected  and  to  lead  au-
■ thorities to admit they are keepihg
marines on shore duty not merely
to protect lite and property hut to
break a strike—if they can. Strike
leaders claim the following degree
of success:    Public utilities 50 per
cent out,  but not    50    per    cent
effective because    the    remaining
wo. leers are kept on duly by armed
guards;    street   transportation   70
per cent out and efefctive;  shipping   (British   and   Japanese)   80
per cent;   household   servants   50
pci- cent; factories 95 per cent.
Tlie Government Dcniu_ul_
When the delegates of the Chinese government came to Shanghai
to investigate and  negotiate with
representatives     of     the     foreign
poweis,  the  Amalgamated   executive committee submitted to them
lour conditions upon    which    the
strike would  be called off; rescinding martial law;    withdrawal    of
foreign  forces and  disarament of
volunteers  and  police;   release   of
all Chinese now in custody; restoration of schools and colleges, now
closed  as Bolshevik   centers   and
occupied    by   American    marines.
They added a bill of rights with
13 demands, as the basis of negotiations atter the strike was settled.
These had to do With punishment,
compensation,  apology;   rights   of
free speech and  press, of organization  and  strike;    lahor   regulations;  Chinese    representation    in
the government  (they pay 80 per
cent of the taxes) and in the high
police    otlices;    dropping    certain
proposed  objectionable  ordinances
and   stopping   extension   of  roads
into Chinese territory;  permanent
withdrawal of British and Japanese  naval  forces  from  the  river;
return of the mixed court in which
Chinese  are  tried   to  its   original
form   of  a  real  joint  court;   and
the abolition of extra-territoriality.
Thc Dim* of Cleavage
The Shanghai chamber of commerce, composed of the big merchants and  bankers, which did not
enter the Amalgamted Union, but
did join tho striko, had Ilrst submitted  13 demands    which    were
supposed to represent all.    But it
turned out that they had changed
some  of the  points.    They    had
dropped one or two demands dealing with international relations as
being against the original treaties,
and   most  significant  of  all  they
had  omitted  "the right to  organize   and   to   strike."   Hence   the
students and workers acted again
separately  and   carried  the   small
shopkeepers* with  them.    Here  is
the future line of cleavage when
this  fight against  foreign  control
is over.
Boycott Threatened
Now the chamber of commerce
in    Lhe      municipal
joint   control   of  the
^crow.d want to switch to a concentrated tieup of British and Japanese shipping and a boycott of their
goods. The latter is hard because
it involves stocks now mi hand.
The shipping question is easier
because the Seamen's Union are
good lighters. They brought the
British to terms before in Hongkong to a degree without parallel
since the Boston tea party and' its
results. Wow in Shanghai tney
have refused to accept strike funds
supplied by public contribution.
They say, "We have our savings,
we can live on them tor a while.
Give the money to the workers
who haven't anything." The question is whether when the merchants reopen they will provide the
funds for a sustained shipping
strike and go through with the
economic boycott.
Claas Interests
The tendency of the merchants
is to bargain on the demands,
seeking lo get the vital points ol
their class interest, which are re-
pi esenlulion
council  and
mixed court, it will take the
students, ol whose tongues anu
pens tue merchants are airaid, to
keep the workers from be.ng sacrificed. Their leaders point out
lhat this is a movement for the
national emancipation of labor, to
secure Uie right of free speech,
lhe right lo organize 'and bargain
collectively, ior them this is the
lirst vital point in the demands.
Next they put the abolition ol
extra-territoriality, that is, the
light of foreigners on Chinese son
to be exempt from the control ol
the Chinese government. Alter
lhat they want the withdrawal oi
foreign forces forever—no more
foreign gunboats stationed at
Shanghai. The announced platform of their daily paper is: To
oppose foreign oppression; to
struggle for the national independence and liberty of China; to abrogate all unequal treaties; to-restore to China all territory leased
as settlements; to demand the"
withdrawals of foreign soldiers
from- China.
.    The Secretary's Message
The secretary of the strike committee sends this message to the
workers of the United States in
the name of the laborers of Shanghai:
"We are longing for help from
the workers of the world, especially America and other similar
countries. We want you to say
something against The lorces that
are doing us injustice. We want
you to speak out and say sueh
things should not be done to the
workers of China or of any other
place. We want you to understand
two points: First, we have no
right to organize and lo bargain
colectivoly and no freedom of
speech. Second, this is a movement to improve our condition ol
labor, lt is not anti-foreign nor
bolshevik. It is labor for labor's
"We want you to know the conditions in our shops. The working
hours in mills and factories average over 12 a day. The wages
average about $10 a month. (1
Chinese dollar, 50c). The lowest
Is 15c, and the highest is $1 a
day. The equipment for sanitation
in our factories is so poor that tho
death rate is correspondingly high. I
U. S. Farmers Rapidly
Deserting the Soil
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—The U. S. Department of Agriculture has issued
a survey of farm population which
shows that on January 1, 1926
there were approximately 109,000
fewer hired farm laborers than on
January 1,  1924.    On''January 1,
1924 there were 3,194,000 farm laborers and  on  the same  date  in
1925 there were 3,085,000. These
figures apply to farm laborers who
reside on farms at least 30 de.ys.
They do not take into account the
casual farm laborers.
Fundamentalists Are
In Favor of Lynching
organization known as the Baptist
Young People's Union went on record as approving of lynching
under some circumstances, at their
34th annual convention held at
Indianapolis, Ind. They also decided the United States should
join the League of Nations and
the World Court. They believed
that the "present restrictions on
European immigration should be
made more rigid. They were in
favor of the Child Labor Law (we
marvel at this), and thought the
Japanese should be kept out of the
U. S. In short, they approved
every reactionary act against the
workers.    How Christian.
Chinese Workers in
'Frisco Form Union
Chinese Unionist Guild, formed on
the industrial union plan, with
every Chinese worker eligible to
membership, has been organized in
San Francisco. Alice Sun is president/ The guild looks out for the
interests of Chinese workers in
America, and also keeps an eye
on conditions in China. It has
held several mass meetings in the
Bay District, with speakers in
Chinese and English. Under its
influence average hours have been
reduced from 12 to 9, and other
reforms effected. Women who
used to give their employers $1 a
week for use of machines and
furnished their own thread have
been relieved of this imposition.
The workers in our mills are very
roughly treated.
"Under such conditions we naturally expect sympathy from the
workers of other lands, especially
from America. But now you even
unite against us with the other
powers, sending your forces to
suppress us."
ltecent cables report that the
Anralgahitaed Union of Commerce,
Labor and Education, mentioned
in Ward's article as the organized
instrument of the Chinese resistance to foreign imperialism, has
been raided by order of the Chinese militarists who have headquarter!? in Pekin and are popularly supposed to be subsidized by
the foreigners, particularly the
Japanese. The Shanghai Students'
union and the Chinese Seamen's
union were also raided and their
halls closed with many arrests and
threats of capital punishment.—
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when  buying.
Union Mine Worker
Is Hastily Deported
deportation.,, of Tony Stafford,
union miner of Italian birth who
was taken from Moundsville prison
forestalled efforts made by International Labor Defense in New
York to stay the government's
action. Stafford had served five
years in Moundsville on charges
growing out of a frame-up during
a coal strike in West Virginia.
He was an official of the United
Mine Workers' Union. He was
taken from prison by government
agents, lodged In Pittsburgh
county jail from where he was
rushed to Ellis Island and shipped
aboard the "Giussoppo Verdi"
which sailed for Naples. He leaves
a wife in West Virginia and four
children who have not seen him
for six years. The International
Labor Defense acted in the case
as soon as it got word, but the
record-breaking time in which the
deportation was effected prevented its being stopped.
hundred miners were locked out
at the Dandy Run colliery of the
M. S. Kemmerer Co., when Unprotested against an announced
increase from $3.50 to $7.25 a ton
for the coal delivered to their
Employers want the workers for
only one reason—because they
have labor to sell. When the employers cease to be able to make
a proflt out of the worker's labor
he can go to the scrap-heap, the
workhouse, or anywhere.—R. B.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
sub today.
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For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THB
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. East,  Sey.  9(8-672     666 Granville Street   Sey. 9518-1391
151  Hastings  Street West Sey.   1370
— IT PAYS — Friday, July 31, 1925
Page Thre.
- • POLITICS - -
Mexican Leaders Are
Socialist in Theory,
Capitalist in Deed
MEXICO CITY.--A commission
in the Mexican Congress has
drafted a bill prohibiting strikes
throughout the Mexican nation
and providing for compulsory arbitration. The commission .is
stated to be controlled by Louis
N. Morones of the Mexican Federation of Labor.
-In an interview one of the men
implicated in drafting the bill
stated:  •
"We are satisfied that the interests of the workers require labor and capital to work amicably
together, and therefore we stand
for compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.
"While not denying that socialist unity might benefit humanity, we are convinced that Mexico
must be developed by capitalism,
a*nd not by socialism. Our bill is
intended to encourage capital
coming into Mexico by preventing
strikes. We believe that capital
can help labor much more than
the Reds and Communists can
help it."
Radical elements are denouncing this stand as the rankest kind
of class collaboration, aflid betrayal of the interests of Mexican
workers to the octopus of Yankee
Chinese to Institute
Boycott Against the
British and Japanese
• SHANGHAI.—The Chinese general chamber of commerce exploded a bombshell here when it met
and decided to start an active anti-
British boycott commencing Aug.
1, with complete cessation of business relations with two countries.
The boycott is to apply to every
phase of business and the Chinese
members of the chamber agree to
heavy fines and confiscation of
goods if any merchant is caught
acting contrary to the decision.
For the Thirteen Demands
The meeting -sanctioned these
proposals offered by the vice-president of the chamber, Fang Hsia-
t>ah, and decided to extend the
boycott one year ln order to compel
the British and Japanese to agree
to the thirteen demands of the
Shanghai Chinese.
Both British and Japanese have
already lost heavily from the pres-
ent boycott, but their losses are
expected to be greater from the
more systematic boycott ordered
by the chamber.
Stay at the
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
10 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
Workers' Party Urged
To Prosecute Police
(Civil Liberties Press Service)
NEW YORK—An offer to the
Workers Party to furnish legal
and financial aid in bringing suit
against the New York Police for
the forcible breaking up of a meeting in Union Square on July 17th,
was made by the American Civil
Liberties Union in a letter to
Charles Krumbein, district organizer. The Union maintains that
the breaking up of the meeting
violated the right of peaceful assemblage and that the forcible
removal of the speaker, William
Winestone, from the platform by
Sergeant Michael Sullivan, "constitutes a legal case pf assault for
which the police should be sued."
Australia Saddled
With Huge War Debt
, MELBOURNE, Australia — In
1901, the total public debt of the
Australian continent was $1,917,-
591,75. In 1913, it had grown to
$1,604,078,435, while by June,
1924, it had increased to $4,832,-
393,695. Thus, between 1901 and
1924, it had increased nearly fivefold. In 1901 the population of
Australia was 3,836,286; in 1913,
4,872,059, and in 1924, it was
• The debt per head of population
was $268 in 1901; $331 in 1913;
and $823.50 in 1924. The taxation
per head increased from $15 in
1901 to $23.50 In 1913 and to $61
in 1924. The huge increase in the
public debt and ln taxation between 1913 and 1924 was mainly
due, of course, to the war. Australia's total war debt is $2,400,-
0000,00. -
Capitalist Democracy in
ATLANTIC CITY. — Organizers
from the northern West Virginia
coal fields report to United Mine
Workers' officials attending the
coal conference in Atlantic City
the following conditions in the
strike zoine: Ten to twenty thousand men striking; families of
1200 miners living In barracks
since being evicted from company
barracks; injunctions have been
issued against wives, daughters
of miners, with 1000 arrested to
date; as many as 2000 arrests of
men and women occurring Ip a
single day, the same pickets sometimes arrested two and three
times in the same day. In short,
the conditions of Logan county
are being repeated in the northern field. For the entire state
the union has been defendant in
5000 lawsuits in the last seventeen months.
WASHINGTON.—(FP)—"On behalf of the American labor movement I wish to urge for your favorable consideration and speedy
action that the United States take
the initiative in calling a*n international conference to make plans
to abolish extra-territorial rights
in China," President Wm. Green
has written to President Calvin
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
** steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Miners Won't Waive
The Right to Strike
Venetian point lace Is perhaps
the most exquisite and the most
expensive lace made in Europe.
But in the miserable little Island
of Burano, an hour's ride from
Venice, where the finest lace is
made, the highest skilled workers
at this trade are paid nine lire
(40 cents) per day of eight hours.
The local profiteers swell with
pride as they relate how under the
patronage of the good Queen-
Mother Margherita, the art of
lace-maklng, which has been
almost lost, is being revived.
According to a declaration by
the Norwegian Labor Party there
is a large secret army of White
Guards In that country, 4000 of
which are in the capitol city, Oslo.
Arms for this secret force are
being smuggled and several well-
known firms in the arms trade are
said to be involved in the trafflc.
Labor leaders are taking steps to
be prepared for any possible attacks on the workers.
An Assistance Association has
long existed in Germany to give
aid to employees of the "free"
Trades Unions and the Soeial
Democratic Party when they have
become incapable of further work,
or, in case of their death, to ,aid
their surviving dependents. Contributions to the association were
paid either by individual members
or by organizations.
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY—Officials of
the United Mine Workers of America taking part in the anthracite
negotiations at Atlantic City refused the operators' proposal that
the workers continue working
September 1 in case no agreement
has been reached on the demands
for 10 per cent raise in wages, the
check off and other changes in
conditions. The operators' alternative was arbitration by a group
of three persons mutually agreed
upon or appointed by the president. The union position is that
It cannot afford to waive the
strike weapon which has been
found necessary so often in the
past to enforce conditions not
yielded otherwise.
Employment Wanes
In United States
The Trade Union Movement in
the Dutch East Indians is In many
sections, but there Is a distinct
cleavage between native and European workers. The Europeans
usually side with the employers in
disputes affecting the native workers, and even on questions .of
Trade Union recognition do not
often assist.
Recent news from Johannesburg,
South Africa, shows a steady increase in the organisation of colored workers. The Industrial and
Commercial Workers' Union of
Africa is now spreading over
various parts of Africa, and is determined that every possible effort
shall be made In defence of the
colored workers.
Out of a total of 1.656,262 employed persons in Scotland, 56,432
are organized in 227 Unions, of
which 137 are British and DO Scottish , Thirty-six of the larger
unions contain about four-fifths-, nf
the total membership, 81 unions
having a membership of less than
The official Austrian Trade
Union movement comprises 687,-
376 fully paid-up members. In
comparison with the previous
year, the fully paid-up mem-ber-
ship has declined bv 26,739, the
loss being due to the slump in
trade and the heavy unemployment.
NEW YORK—(FP1—Dr. Herbert Adams Gibbons. Professor
of History and International Politics at Princeton University,
speaking at a meeting fn honor of
C. R. Das, deceased president * of
the India Swa'rii Party and of the
All India Trade Union Congress.
declared tbat It was Das's great
deed that he led the movement
whieh showed that the so-enlled
reforms the British granted In
India were  nothing but shams.
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—An analysis of
industrial employment during the
month of June that has just been
made by the United States Employment service discloses part-
time operations in many plants.
The heat wave that swept the
country Is said to have been one
of the contributing causes as well
as the fact that itt the end of June
in many industiles, a few days to
two weeks are set aside for Inventory and repairs to plant, Causing
a curtailment of the operating
force.' The major industries reporting part-time operations and
slightly curtailed employment during the past month were the textile
mills -.'hlch showed reduced working fo-des as compared with May;
shoe factories In the New England
and Ptates; steol plants. Employment in the coal mines, except in
West Virginia, showed a further
decrease ln June. Road obstruction is increasing and large build
Ing operations and municipal improvements are underway.
Clothing Workers Call
15 More Strikes in N.Y.
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Strikes continue
to be the order of the day In the
New York clothing market, with
15 more walkouts called by the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers to
unionize shops previously unorganized or to enforce union standards
in delinquent shops. Six of the
18 strikes previously called have
been settled on a basis of union
recognition and union standards.
Five of the settled shops nre
Broadway concerns, another on
Fifth avenue.
The clothing workers' hardest
shop fight Is also its most significant for it is directed against the
Internationa] Tailoring Co. whieh
Is fighting strikes both in New
York and Chicago. The firm has
got out a temporary injunction.
Pass  this   copy  to  your   shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
American Federation
Of Labor WiU Aid In
Sacco-Venzetti Trial
•    (Staff Corr, Fed. Press)
BOSTON — A personal letter,
pledging further activity for Nicola
Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzettl,
Italian workers in the shadow of
the electric chair, has been received by the Sacco-Vanze*ti Defense Committee from William
Green, president American Federation of Labor. Green's leHer, arriving while the appeal for a new
trial from .the murder conviction is
pending before the Massachusetts
supreme court, says in part:
Full Support Promised
"The American Federation of
Labor has given its assistance to
the Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee, and as directed by the last
annual convention of the American Federation of Labor, I submitted to the President of the United
States and to the governor of
Massachusette the resolution, number 42, of the El Peso convention
of the A. F. of L., together with
the action of the convention thereon, and bespoke their earnest consideration.
"Whatever the officers of fhjs
A. F. of L. may he able to do further in this m-tter you can rest
assured will be done, but we m-".t
work in our own way and through
the avenues which appeal to us as
being tbe most effective way tn
secure tl1" results desired."
Scab Hat Firm Begs
Aid Against Union
(By Fedorated Press)
BRIDGEPORT, Conn.—F. "Rerrr
& Co., big open shop hatters, nt
Norwalk. Conn., admit they nvs
whipped by the United Hatters'
union, unless Judge John J. Walsh
of the eourt nf oommon pIo.s
makes permnnent a temr>n**ary injunction he granted ap-finst picketing. Hearings nre Tieing held,
with David Fit"?erild, mayor nf
New Haven, acting as counsel fnr
the union.
The Bern: firm moved tn Nnr-
walk Inst. May ft-nm O'-nngo, N. J*,
with the announcement they were
out for lower costs and would
never do business again with the
union. The firm hnd been in business In Ornncre for 60 years and
the transfer of its plant put a lnrge
percentage of the hatters of Orange on the unemployed list nnd
struck n blow at the union.
But the union followed the shop
and when tho plant opened its
doors in Norfolk, union ngents
tnld Berg he would have to "sign
up." "You haven't a chance!" replied Charles Pere. rebuffing thom.
Put union pickets began to bo.
so effective that Pore's non-union
hnnds quit In batches nnd the oompany. In Its petillnp to the judge
hewn ils the "oomplete ruin thnt is
a bond.
Teacher—Johnny, what is an
oyster ?"
Johnny—An oyster is a fish built
like a nut.
Ask for CATTO'S.     For Rale at all Government Liquor '•Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed  by th.   Liipior Control
Board or by the Government, of British Columbia Page Four
Friday, July 31, 1925
&<UkrUd T>^
Address All Letters  ajnd
Remittances to the Editor
Sty* (Eanafctatt Uatror Aftmirafr
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
1 Rogers that god and the Capilano Timber Go. are one and the
same entity proves that the death
of the great realtor, William
Jennings Bryan, the erstwhile
silver tongued orator,, is undoubtedly a deplorable calamity. Had
his tribute exacting god only allowed him to enjoy the blessings
of our civilization but a little
while longer we could have Imported him to straighten out
Frank Rogers, and at the same
secure some much needed publicity for our languishing real estate
TF IT IS TRUE, as the B.C. timber barons maintain, that bush
fires are all started by campers,
tourists, and cigarette fiends, why
has Stanley Park not been burned
up long ago.
»    *    *
leaving us. He cannot imagine
anyone wanting to leave Canada
after being here three years. He
refuses to state what his future
plans will be. We wish to say,
however, that there is no truth in
the rumor that Sir Henry may
supersede Comrade Dzherjinsky
as head of the railroad system of
the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics. Although Sir Henry receives the paltry sum of $75,000
per annum (with $25,000 extra for
expenses) for running the C.N.R.
at an annual loss of $60,000,000,.
the princely wage of $96.00 per
month that ' Dzherjinsky receives
has no attraction for him.
» • •
rj-_ VANCOUVER SUN, in a
recent issue once again' 'resurrects that vapid chimera—The
Dignity of Labor. There is no
dignity attached to an animal in
chains, nothing glorious about a
horse yoked to a heavy vehicle.
The dignity comes only when the
horse Is freed from its harness,
and the dignity of labor can only
be a fact when it has smashed the
shackles of capitalist slavery.
• • «
cided to spend $290,060,000
upon building battle cruisers. Of
course there is no danger of any
war, only red agitators would say
so. These cruisers are being built
to "protect trade routes." Undoubtedly, but protect them from
who, or what?
» * »
A SLIP UP must have happened
In the Vancouver Province
news factory. In a recent Issue
we found the following: "It is
estimated that prior to the war
Russian peasants owned 35 per
cent of the land, the royal family
and state owning an equal amount;
while today the peasants possess
97 per cent and the state 3 per
cent." Of course the royal family
Is out of luck ln a deal of that
kind. As a matter of fact the
state owns all the land, but the
peasants have free access to It,
and have to pay no tribtue either
to landlords, cou*nts or royal families. Another thing thc Russian
farmer lacks Is a mortgage. We
can hardly expect the "Province"
to tell all the truth, but lt did
better this time than usual.
Whatever may be the truth upon
any subject has nothing to do wltb
our right to investigate that subject and express any opinion we
may form. All that I ask Is the
same right I freely accord to all
•TME CAPILANO FOBEST FIRE has practically wiped out
170 acres of timber land; purchased by the city a few
months ago for $13,000 to prevent its being gutted by the
Capilano, Timber Company. When the matter came up in
the city council, Alderman Eogers, with solemn mien, gravely
informed his colleagues that they shouldn't grieve because
"it was an act of God." Apparently, to the occult-minded
alderman, God and the Capilano Timber Company are one
and the same, and from this we suppose that "Baron" Johnson, whose word in that area is law, must be a prophet of
no mean standing. If by the term "God" Alderman Rogers
means an omnipotent power owing allegiance to none but
itself, then his conclusions are correct. In no other sense
eould a deity be accused of what palpably was done by sparks
from a logging donkey?" If the alderman's knowledge of
woodcraft was anywhere commensurate with his ignorance
of most other subjects he would know that a fire in that area
was inevitable. This is not the first fire from the Capilano
Timber Company; it will aot be the last. The water supply
for 250,000 people is being deliberately jeopardized to enhance the profits of a Minnesota lumber company. But that
is "bringing in capital." .„_,
• #      *      • *   #
J ORD BURNHAM, chairman of the Empire Press Union,
' and owner of the London Daily Telegraph, apparently
divided his time here between delivering "booster" speeches
for the local Babbitry and planning how to export the unusable portion of Britain's population to Canada. These
workers refuse to starve en masse a.t home, so this gentleman,
whose sole claim to fame consists of an amazing ability to
refrain from hard work, proposes shipping them here to starve
piecemeal. He assured his hearers, at a Canadian Club gastronomic display, that the imperial government stood prepared to pay one-half the cost of any scheme that would get
these men and women into Canada. What they are going to
do upon arrival here was not mentioned, and formed no part
of Burnham's plans, even as it formed no part of the plans
of his predecessors what hecame of the rural population of
the North of Scotland when they were driven out to make
room for sheep. But the workers of Britain are awakening
fast, and signs are not wanting that in the near future such
libels on human intelligence as Lord Burnham will be glad
to get a job as a crossing sweeper, although it is doubtful if
such as he is even useful for that.
• •      t      #      •
workers is a shining example of class solidarity in action,
such as is seldom witnessed in this age of rank individualism.
It proves that, while millions of workers on this continent
are indifferent to the sufferings of their comrades who are
rotting in the bastions of American plutocracy, yet there are
those sufficiently alive to their class position to appreciate
the efforts these prisoners have made, many of whom have
committed no greater crime than demanding more bread for
their families. Australian labor, accustomed to at least a
modicum of human liberty, looks with abhorrence upon the
ruthless actions of American capital in its efforts to stifle
the rising tide of working class aspirations, and did not waste
its time in the mere passing of resolutions of protest, but acted
in a manner that will re-echo through the halls of the White
House. One wonders how many Australian workers would
have to suffer the tortures of a felon's den before American
workers would act in a similar manner. We certainly have
a long road to travel yet.
• #      t '    •      •
A CONSTBUOTIVE POLICY, wiseacres frequently tell us,
is the great need of the Labor Movement. They insist
we arc too destructive, and that if we would but concentrate
all efforts upon purely constructive activities huge numbers
would rally to our support. This, to the superficial thinker,
seems an unquestionable axiom, but to those who know that
Labor's supreme task is the inauguration of a new social
order it is the veriest rubbish. Just as a tree must be destroyed before it can become part of a house, and as iron ore
must be destroyed as such before it can be transformed into
steel, so must capitalism be destroyed before the working
class can proceed to construct a new social order. Labor's
real constructive work can only begin when capitalism has
ceased to exist,
John Reed' Colony Now
Needs a Social Centre
School, Writes Anise
That the John Reed Children's
Colony, Russia, has now 600 acres
under cultivation, but desires to
establish a club and social centre,
besides a school for Peasant
Youth, is the information contained in a letter received from
Miss Anna Louise Strong, who
visited this city early this year.
Miss Strong writes in part:
"John Reed Colony has now a
tractor, given us by the Central
Executive Committee of Saratov,
so that we may set the flrst example in this district among the
peasants. I heard of it twelve
hours' ride up the Volga from a
peasant on the steamer. "There [
ls a tractor at Alexivka," he told
me, not knowing even to whom it
belonged. Later I saw it ploughing the ground; three of our elder
boys already run lt three shifts
a day of 18 hours, under the direction of an experienced "traction-
Good Crop Expected
"If no hail or pests come, by
the time these lines reach America we shall have a harvest of rye,
millet, barley, lentils, and vegetables, enough to far more than
feed our entire colony for the next
year. Enough even to buy a few
coats and some underwear, and
felt boots for winter. Enough
to calsomine the interior of our
house whose brick walls are sound,
but whose interior hangs in shreds
from eight years' destruction.
Enough, I hope, for some fly and
mosquito netting—for I am just
back from the Colony and feel
How Workers Study
"One of the boys was begging
me to arrange English lessons for
him in town. Two other boys, the
best students of Anna Graves
during the winter, has been given
the chance to continue lessons in
the summer, and he wanted to be
included, walking 12 miles in the
evening, after all day's work in
the fields. Twice a week the
others went, and he said he wanted
to go four times. At flrst I refused, but when I learned that
after only one week's lessons with
Miss Graves, he had been hammering at his English grammar, and
could read all kinds of exercises,
I gave in.
Wanted—A School
"We need for next winter a good
combination school and social
centre; I hope some one person or
organization will give us this
building. We need also, of course,
chickens, and sheep, and more
cows, and pigs, and good implements to go with our tractor, a
disker, seeder, etc., and water
piped into our bath house and
kitchen. But chiefly we want next
winter to concentrate on culture.
In useful, varied, and profitable
occupation for the girls, domestic
arts, chicken raising. We want to
get a radio and hear concerts and
lectures from Moscow and Leningrad, and Kiev. We have managed
to make a living for the youngsters; now we want to make their
life worth while.
--... --
An old Scotchman was consulting a lawyer as to whether or not
he should sue a man. He explained
each point of the case in detail
and the lawyer told him he had a
very good case and was sure to
"Ah weel," said the Scot, "I'D
no be taking action then."
"Why not?" asked the lawye.-.
"Weel d'ye ken, It's ma opponent's case I've Just laid before ye?"
Mother Jones Publishes
Her Experiences
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON. -- "Mother"
Jones has written a book. At the
age of 94 she has just completed
the manuscript that tells of her
experiences covering her work
among the laboring men of America over a period of two generations. Por over forty years she
has had an intimate connection
with the labor movement and the
national leaders including all presidents of the United States since
Cleveland's time. "Mother" Jones
has been living in Washington
since last February. Here she has
put the finishing touches on her
epic of the labor struggle, dealing
particularly In her revelations with
the history of the mining unions in
this country. The book is now in
the hands of her publishers.
The probability that we may
fail in the struggle ought not to
deter us from the support of a
cause that we deem to be just.—
Abraham Lincoln.
—Meet! second Monday in ths montk,
Preildant, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelendi.    P. O. Box SS.
111, 810 Pender St. West. Buiineu
meeting! lit tnd Srd Wedneiday even-
inn. R. H. Neelanda, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, 8ee.-Trea».; Annul Maclnnla,
3544 Prince Edward Street, Vanconver,
B.C., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district ln Brltlih Columbia de-
tiring information re lecturing ipeakera
or the formation of local branches, kindly commnnlcate with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford, 624 Birks Bldg.,
Vanconver, B.C. Telephone Seymonr
1889, or Bayvlew 8880.	
Meets second Thursday every month
ln Holden Building. President, 3. Bright-
well; financial seeretary, H. A. Bow-
ron, TS1 18th Ave. East.
flrat and third Fridays in eaeh month
at 44S Rtehards itreet. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; secretary-
treasurer, Oeo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
—Local 882—Meets every Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; bnsiness -agent
and flnanelal secretary. F. L. Hnnt; re-
cording seeretary, J. T. Venn.	
UNION, Local 145. A. F. of M.— ,
Meets In G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymonr and
Pender Streets, seoond Snnday at 10
a.m. President, E. C. Miller, 991 Wei-
son street; secretary, E. A. Jamieson,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; organiser,  F.  Fletcher, 991 Ne'snn  etreet.
UNION OF CANADA—Headquarters
at Rooms 5, 8 and 7, Flack Building,
183 Hastings Street W., Vancouver, B.O.
Tel. Bey. 8808, President, Robert Thom;
Vice-President, David Gillespie; Seo'y-
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Vietoria
Braneh, Room 11, Green Bloek, Broad
Street, Vietoria, B.O.   Phone 1808.
President, R. V. Pettlplece; vice-president, C. F. Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands, P.O. Box 88.
Meets last Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m. ln Holden Building, 18 Haitingi E.
UNION, No. 418—Preiident, S. D*
Maedonald; secretary-treasurer, J, M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
Thursday of each month.
labor Ahtwrat*
With Whloh Ii Incorporated
By -o Lahor TubUshlas Oo.
Sustain wd Bditorial Offloa,
1188 Howe St.
hi fc ^•MpVfc,
The Canadian Labor Advocate ls a non-
factional weekly newepaper, giving •■•*»•     *
of the farmer-labor movement in action.     ■
Subscription Rates: United Statea nd
foreign, 12*50 per -y«*»; Canada, 12
par year, tl for alx mentis; »ounloni
snhiariblng la ■ —ir, lSi pat tam-
her pair  month.
Member Tha Merited Preii ui Ska
Britiih Labor Frail ay, July 31, 1925
Page Five
Women's Report on Russia
DON—"The   Soviet   Govern-f
nt of Russia has the en-
»stic support of the vast ma-
> of the workers and peasants,
|Eook upon the Government as
tially their own."
(is is the conclusion reached
i delegation of women which
aed  to Britain  from  Russia
|ttly, after a ten weeks' tour,
ain object of which was,, to
the conditions of life of wo*
, and children.   At the same
close attention was paid to
onditions of life in general.
Preliminary Statement
fe following is a summary of
preliminary statement issued
lie delegation, who are now en-
Id upon the compilation of a
report from the mass of valu-
material  collected.
Somen are encouraged to take
ivery kind of work, their en
into industry being facilitated
he careful provision made by
State, In conjunction with the
lie Unions, for the welfare of
Care of Children
[tus most of the'factories have
eries   and   kindergardens   ated, where the little ones are
for and fed ln most cases
of charge.    Works canteens,
communal   and   co-operative
tig-rooms further help to dlm-
the labors and responsibili-
Of working women.
Every  woman  factory  worker
[two months' leave of absence
re  and  after the  birth  of  a
with full pay.    In addition,
Allowance is made in money or
usually the latter, to provide
[the  baby's  clothes,  etc.,  and
[ medical attention is provided,
len  clerks  and  brainworkers I the   international
|ix weeks before and six after." ! working class."
Ample holidays with full pay,
free rest homes, and an excellent
system of sanatoria and health institutes are other features of industrial life under this Government
of the workers.
The passages in the statement
dealing with the housing activities
of the Government are of especial
"In many districts new and
greatly improved houses for workers and peasants are being built,
and modern sanitary arrangements
are being introduced, which will
completely revolutionize the conditions of life of the people. Garden cities with the American and
British type of houses are being
constituted for the workers out of
the profits of industry."
Capitalist Sabotage
The statement points out that
the undoubted progress being made
by the Soviet Government could be
greatly speeded up if Russia could
obtain credits from Britain, enabling her to give large orders for machinery and general equipment
which would be of mutual benefit
to the workers and Russia and
Britain.     .
Fraternal Relations
Warm appreciation of the moral
and practical support manifested
by the British working-class was
expressed to the delegation by men
and women workers in every part
of the country which it was able
to visit.
"They value most highly," concludes the statement, "the fraternal relations already established between the Russian and British
workers, particularly as a first
step towards the establishing of
unity   of   the
sefeller's Gifts
No Cause for Praise
pdustrlal Editor Fed. Press)
Ive Till It Hurts means noth-
y_ the money princes who gov-
[industry, endow education and
rally distribute royal -gifts to
glory of God and the admira-
|of the populace. They simply
give till it hurts. They have
[much. And if they could lt
mean stepping down from
throne of exploitation to be-
a common man.
lis is shown ln an analysis of
Sift of 16,000 shares of Stand-
1)11 of California stock by John
tockfeller jr. to the Metropoli-
\rt Museum of   New    Tork.
' gift was estimated to have a
ket value of about $1,000,000.
live John D. jr. front page ln
lie big dailies—something Mrs.
|*3 could never get lf she gave
nit of her insufficient wages to
ity.    But  this 11,000,000  gift
isents less than 1 per cent of
[feller's holdings in Standard
»f California and less than a
:er of 1 per cent of his hold-
in all the various companies
losing the Standard Oil group.
1922, according to Dow, Jones
Rockfeller jr. held 1,902,016
(s of Standard Oil of Cailfor-
1th a market value of $104,-
!60. He held altogether in the
al Standard Oil companies
,890 shares representing about
lxth of all the shares of these
antes. The market value of
tandard Oil stook was figured
410,000,000 with annual divi-
|s totalling about $12,000,000.
Banks Grab School
Children's Pennies
fder,  according to their idea
idea of the ruling class) is a
(lon which enables   them   to
ur the lives of other men*
disorder occurs when those
(lured desire that the destroyers
cease to devour them.—Tol
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—The campaign
carried on under the auspices of
the federal bureau of education to
have school children start savings
accounts has a nice result for the
banks. A current report of the
American Bankers' association says
that there were 9080 school savings systems in operation in 1924,
with 2,236,323 pupils participating
and that their bank balances
amounted to the tidy sum of $20,-
WASHINGTON. — The government is building a model prison for
women at Alderson, W. Va„ costing
$1,900,000, where the inmates will
be taught housework and Industrial trades to fit them for a "good"
life when they come out.
Woman and Marriage
AT the helm of every home in
Canada stands one for whom
there is no eight hour day, no
wages, no collective bargaining,
and no strikes. She works, when
necessary, 24 hours, a day, seven
days a week, flfty-two weeks a
year, but—now she has to' put on
her thinking cap.
Competition, bringing with it a
desire for cheap labor, has led to
an increase of female labor. The
results have been many and surprising.
In the first place many girls in
order to qualify as teachers, typists, clerks, civil servants and
journalists have been compelled to
get an education in many and
questionable ways, which their
grandmother would have regarded
as almost indecent, and would no
doubt be inclined to allude to
them in the popular language of
their day as "Bold Hussies."
In the second place these girls
have had to acquire habits of
punctuality and self-reliance. They
have gone out to work and have
found themselves quite able to do
the work and to take care of
themselves, consequently their
whole outlook and attitude on life
and to the family is changed.
The girl of today is content to
be neither doll, dunce nor drudge.
She "travels on her own," dresses
and feeds herself, pays her own
rent and carries her own latchkey. She reads and reasons for
herself, and Is not likely to feel
about marriage as her mother did
twenty-flve years ago, when women were financially dependent,
untaught, and timid.
Marriage to such a girl means
giving up her freedom, and her
independence in order to become
a maid of all work, without wages
or the eight hour day.
The girls of today know that
the working man's wife has to
work hard. They know that motherhood Is often a sorrow if not
a curse; that children instead of
bringing joy means worry, suffering, toil, poverty, and premature
old age, hence they hug their
liberty in single blessedness.
It was enough in the sixties that
a man could offer a woman a
home. It is not enough now. The
working man can offer no security
whatsoever to the woman he marries. When he is unemployed she
must be nurse, bread-winner, and
mother; when he is employed she
is at her wits end to make the
pay envelope spin out to feed the
family. The greed of competition
has entered the home and commercial greed, grasping for cheap
labor, has broken woman's chains
and set hei- thinking.
Geo. McCuaig
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Specialist ln Tru__e» for Men, Women,
Children and Infants
Phone Sey. 8820
969 Robson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
23   Yeara   Established   in   Vancouver
Said  one little kid   to   another
little kid:    "Who brung the new
baby to your house?"
"Dr. Smith brung him."
"Zat  so?    We  take  from  him,
You who despise your neighbor,
you who forget your friends,
meanly to follow after those of a
higher degree; you who are
ashamed of your poverty and blush
at your calling, are a snob, as are
jou who boast of your wealth or
are proud of your pedigree.—
TEN PER CENT, rebate on current year's
taxes will expire on the
4th DAY OF AUGUST, 1925
D. H. ROBINSON, Collector.
Vancouver, B. O, July 30th, 1925.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will   Cure  Tour  Rheumatism,  lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
74*4 Hastings St. W. Pbone Sey. 2070
Summer Apparel
Prices Lowest Now
can secure a Dress or
Coat at very much less than
regular price now. And you
will always have full confidence in the quality because
"Famous" reputation guarantees it. Buy now and make
a  substantial saving.
Cloak and Suit Co.. Ltd.
619-623 Hastings Street West
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 fop Appointment
PAN I continue to pay for this space and so help sustain
"■" The   Labor.Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through Ignorance or
tear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
Announcing Another of Summertime's Great
Shopping Features, the
$1,000,000 Stock to Choose From
Furnishings for Every Room at Worth-While
WE HAVE planned for the greatest Home-Furnishing
Sale ever held in Vancouver. Greatest in variety—
greatest in point of money-saving.
For months our buyers have searched the markets for
best values, and as a result we are able to assure savings
of from 10 to 35 per eent. on our always low prices.
It enables you to participate in the savings this sale affords
with an outlay only of 10 per cent.
and the outstanding balance can be paid in
Any purchase agreement under the Club payment plan considered automatically completely paid (irrespective of any
balance owing)  In the event of the demise of the purchaser.
Friday, July*?
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
HE  following is a part of thefprovisions at any of these places
list of strikebreakers on the
S.S. "Empress of Asia," one of
the ships that are subject to the
Chinese boycott, which is being
fought strenuously by the Chinese
workers against the tyrannical
tactics of British, American and
Japanese capitalists:
A.B. T. O'Neill, A. Griffith, G.
Olivier, J. H. Turner, W. Lane, A.
J. Vivian, A. Boyer, C. McLean,
A.B, G. Cattwood, J. H. Rainey,
C. Fletcher, R. Salisbury, R. Hat-
ford, E. Sergreve and W. Griffen,
all seamen.
O'Neill _ |s the member of the
Seafarers' Union who had asked
for a meeting to be called and
failed to live up to the result of
the meeting. R. Salisbury is well
k|nown on the waterfront and Is
a member of the National Sailors'
& Firemen's Union of Canada.
Many of the waterfront fraternity
are very much surprised at the
action of Salisbury.
In the laundry department a
Mrs. M. Hall and Mary Maxwell
are among the list that have decided to help maintain conditions
that the Chinese have refused to
work under. Mrs. Hall is from
the 1800 block, Vepables street,
and quite a few others come from
the same vicinity.
but for the strict orders of the
company that instant dismissals
would take place if fresh supplies
were taken aboard to replace the
food that had gone rotten. On
this vessel a stoker, Paddy Welsh
at the port of Montreal, was recommended for the Humane Society medal for a successful at*
tempt to save the life of a drown*
ing person who evidently had no
chance to be saved but for the
prompt action of Welsh, who
jumped into the water while a
boat was being lowered by the
We feel that the representatives of the Humane Society in
Montreal would have no hesitation in granting the medal if they
investigated the very trying circumstances that Welsh and his
shipmates have to endure aboard
the Planter.
. There is much need of an investigation into the victualling of
the C.G.M.M. ships. The company
Readers of this paper who are
in doubt on some legal point are
requested to make use of this column. The questions are answered
"by a well known Vancouver lawyer,
Address your queries to Legal
Editor, Labor Advocate, 1129 Howe
St., Vancouver, B. C.
___. ____ - •
B. C. Forests Being Plundere
Question: Please let me know
where lt is necessary to go to
register the birth of a child born
in the city.—Newly wed.
Answer: The birth must be registered within sixty days at the
offlce of the District Registrar of
"Vital Statistics at the Court House,
Georgia street. Forms may be
obtained at that offlce and either
the father or the mother may
sign the form and complete the
Question: Will you please tell
me through your legal column
whether any person can get a
pension from the Government except a widow?—A. G. B.
Answer: It would be better if
facts were given with all questions
addressed to this column as each
question must be answered on its
own facts.    In    answer   to   your
openly  discriminates   against   any >
The S.S. "Canadian Planter,"
another of the hunger ships of
the Canadian Government Merchant Marine, arrived in port on
Friday, July 24th. The crew state
that some of the food had to be
thrown overboard owing to the
fact that it was rotten, the refrigerating system having go/cie
out of order. The peculiar circumstances that surround the
Planter is that the vessel was in
the ports of Montreal, Halifax,
Quebec, Sorel, Cape Breton, and
could have had a fresh supply of
' -question the answer would be, yes,
of the crew who try to have com- *t)ut there are a lot of requirements
plaints adjusted.
The   S.S.    "Canadian   Pioneer,1
of the same  company,  had  com- \ suhiect and  who has been domi-
' clled  in  this    Province    eighteen
months and  who  is left destitute
with a child under the age of 16
to be met.    Roughly speaking any
, I married woman who  is a  British
'THAT American lumbermen can'
operate camps more economically in British Columbia than
they can in the United States is
revealed in the report of the
United States Tariff Commission,
part of which is published in a
news item, by Stanley Clark, in
J the Vancouver Star.
• This* report shows that B. C.
labor costs 8 per cent less than
that of Washington while salaries
of B. C. logging camp officials are
110 per cent higher. The total
logging cost on Puget Sound is
$14.90 per thousand feet; In B.C.
it is only $14.18, or 5 per cent less.
Mr. Clark also charges American lumbermen with deliberately
exhausting B. C. forests in an effort to conserve their own stands.
He quotes part of a letter written
by J. H. Bloedel, president of the
Blodel Stewart and Welch Ltd.,
which reads in part:
"We should also conserve our
own timber resources as much as
possibhTby manufacturing the timber of our neighbors in our saw
It will be semembered that wher
the Eight Hour Day Board was
sitting here in Vancouver less
than a year ago these same lumbermen whined that the introduction of the eight hour day meant
plaints of a similar nature, the
usual thing aboard Canadian Government Merchant Marine ships.
Recently  the   "Canadian   Import-   years'  may  apply  tor  a  pension'
Big reductions, splendid
values. Eegular prices
$22.50  to  $42.50,  now—
$15 to $37.65
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
er" paid off the crew at the port
of Vancouver, after a, voyage during which the crew were short of
provisions for ten days previous
to docking. One of the crew had
to go to the hospital suffering
from under-pourishment, which
was so severe that he has become
mentally unbalanced and had to
be removed from St. Paul's Hospital to Essondale Asylum. As
soon as this patient is well there
Is every likelihood of a legal battle for compensation. The shipping master has had many complaints from the crews of the
C.G.M.M. vessels, but does not
seem to take any action.
It is not necessary that her husband be dead.
are   at
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Service for Bepairi
All Work Guaranteed
Special  Attention  to  Mall   Orders
H. Harvey
Eitablithed tn Vtneonver in 1197
Hospital Notes
Several seafaring men
St. Paul's Hospital from
.essels. Brother Tom Bauldie is
still at the General Hospital. His
conditio^ is getting better. "Dad"
Gilmartin is improving also. "Dad"
staates that there are no visitors
to see him other than the secretary of the union. Union members and friends please take note.
» * «
Mail List
J. Atkins, H. Dobbin, C. G.
Ericksen, F. Evans, H. J. Fisher,
D. Faulds, John Gerachy, C. Harris, R. Horn, C. Henderson, C.
H. Hewitt, Henry Jo, R. N. Jones,
Jan Jensen, J. Kissock, A. Knox,
W. Luxton, W. Love, G. Mahoney,
D. Morgan, M. Maddigan, J. McDonald, E. PattisoiP, A. E. Putnam   W. Thean.
From the blouse, not the surplice, from those who earn their
living by the sweat of their brow,
not from those who live by the
sweat of other men's brows, has
come the only considerable word
ln the modern world for peace.—
Henry Demarest Lloyd.
Send in Tour Subscription Today.
Question: I would like to know
what ls the .age when a child does
not come under the Factories Act.
(a) for a boy; (b) for girls.—
R. E. G.
Answer: The age is the same
for boys as It is for girls. A child
within the meaning of the Factories Act Is a male or female person
under the age of fifteen years. Of
course as you perhaps know, there
are certain Industries in which
children under this age may be
^disaster for them because
ing in the States was sc
cheaper than on this sldi
years the Lumber Workera
of Canada has been point)
that this gang of wolves wl
exploiting the forestB of thi
try were arrant liars whe
not be trusted to ideal
with their grandmother's '
now their own statement!*
this to be true.
It is pirates of this kij
have chased hundreds' of n
of the woods in B. C. becau,
dared to advocate and be m
of organized labor. There1
no act of vandalism known;
that these plunderers woi
commit in their efforts to
quick. The numerous fir
blaze up and down the co
gleaming examples of the
These modern  bnccaneen
now  with  the  connivance
Canadian   immigration  autl
forced    wages    down to a
where a. living wage can '
earned by those who work
logging  camps.    In    additi
that they have speeded up i
tion to such an extent tha
impossible for anyone    to
more than a few weeks in
without coming to town for
New Zealand Labor
Seeks Living Wage
WELLINGTON, New Zealand—
(FP)—The minimum wage for
adult male workers in New Zealand is fixed by the arbitration
court at $18.50 per week. This
wage is supposed to be sufficient
for a man, his wife, and two
children. No provision is made
for cases where there are more
than two children.
The Alliance of Labor in New
Zealand declares that nothing less
than $28.50 per week will keep a
worker and his family in decency
and comfort. A campaign has now
been launched to allow for decent
living conditions.
Special Free Sub. Appeal
TN ORDER to build up the circulation of THE CANADIAN
LABOR ADVOCATE it has been
decided to offer ONE YEAR'S
paper to every person sending In
five new subscribers to The Advocate. The subscription price is
$2 a year, for which the paper is
mailed direct to the subscriber.
Take a copy of the paper and
pass it among your shop mates
or neighbors. Let them look tt
over, and then go after them for
a subscription. The Free Subscription offer is limited by time,
sa act now.
((Use This Blank)
Enclosed   flnd dollars,
for which send The Canadian Labor Advocate to the following
names for the period agreed, and
a complimentary subscription for
one year for myself.
SYDNEY, Australia—Oi
2,672,864 females in Au
463,760 are Bet* down by t:
census as breadwinners,
are in the professional clai
000 in the domestic class,
in the commercial sphere,
in industry and manufa<
and 10,384 are engaged ir
occupations. Approximated
000 are set down as being*
350 employes of the Hem
herty Silk Co. are continu:
strike for a 20 per cent
while members of the fir
negotiating with union re'
I have seen some nations, 11
loaded asses,
Kick  off their burdens-
the high classes.
ADELAIDE, Australia — At a
conference of delegates from the
labor councils In Australia, held at
Adelaide June 8, It was decided
to form a grand Council of Trade
and Labor Councils to act as a
national committee and control
all national disputes in the future.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
■Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept In Mock
"What are you doing now, Bill?"
"I'm plant manager for Jack."
"Plant manager!    What do you
have to do?"
"Water his geraniums."
76 Hastings Ead
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd i
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Stoi
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Speolal Effort to Get Gooda Out by First
After Receipt of Yonr Order ,
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vanoouver, r, July 31, 1925
Page Seven
^se View on What
hn Bull Owes China
DON, Eng.—A Chinese cor-
ent living here writes:
200 Chinese have been
:ed by the British in the
Armltsar, and hundreds
ounded, mostly, according
lal reports, In the back,
compensation   should   be
,he basis of the "Sirdar In-
■and we Chinese are
inough to consider that a
life is as valuable as a
life—this would amount to
could be met by a cancel-
of all existing loans to
the British government
g with their bankers as they
lit ht; for the remainder we
nt^t be less generous than
a,ve been, and would be quite
•ed to accept payment over
iod of years as was done in
ise of the Boxer Indemnity,
first essential to peace with
justice must be done and
tion made for the grevlous
s which you British have
ed upon us.
en you have done this we
alk about extra-territoriality
he revision of the treaties in
er atmosphere.
§to (Efltmirg Sate N«ua
British Mine Owners' Huge Profits
dan Footballers
Invited to Britain
,SCOW, U. S. S. R.—The su-
i board of physical culture
eceived an invitation from
oung Labor League of Great
n for a football' team from
hion of Socialist Soviet B.e-
to come to England to
British football players,
i U. S. S. R. football team
, went to Angora to meet the
eh football team has been
lous. The score was six to
At a banquet given in honor
e victors the Russians were
atulated on defeating the
sh football team which is
ered  the  third  best in  the
NDON.—"Real wages during
averaged about 96 per cent.
sir pre-war level and 94 per
of   their   December,   1920,
ie striking comparisons
e from calculations made in
j-ticle on "How purchasing
of the worker has changed,"
appears in the July issue of
.abor Bulletin of Industrial
(olitical Information.
* make armies go on killing
[.other, it is even more neces-
to invent lies than flame-
ers and poison-gas.—Sir Ian
>ERS wanted for aupply of »1200
th ot Electrio Lamps, to be sup-
;o Vaneoaver Sohool Board Stoek
case lots aa required. Quote
as followa:
itt Nitros,   y_ -frosted,  etched V.
ntt Tungstens, plain,
att Tungstens, plain,
att Tungstens, plain,
ers in sealed envelope!, endorsed
^ERS   FOR   LAMPS,"   to   be   in
of the secretary by 6 p.m, Mon-
d August, 1925.
Secretary School Board.
ERS wanted, 2000 tons Vancou-
Island Ooal, for Vancouver
Board. Quote prioes aa follows,
'ed in bunkers, any school of Van-
• School Board:
ouble screened lump, per ton.
lack, per ton.
der to state B.T.U.'s of Ooal
. on. Ton to be 2000 lbs., and
ed to School Board as required by
lual orders.
'est tender not necessarily accept-
Tenders, in sealed envelope!, en-
I "COAL TENDERS," to be In
of the seeretary by S p.m. Mon-
Ird Auguit,  1925.
Seeretary Bchool Board.
(British Labor Press Service)
T ONDON.—Profits amounting to
, £52,750,000 were made by
Hritish coal owners In the last
three years—a total without parallel in any other three years in the
history of mining'.
The figures, given by the Secretary for Mines in the House of
Commons on February 18 this year,
1924   £14,250,000
1923   £27,500,000
1922   £11,000,000    ,
An average annual profit of £14
mUllons made in a period of universal trade depression, under the
operation of the national agreement which the coal owners allege
to be the cause of the troubles in
tlie mining industry, and when the
industry was working the seven-
hour day, does not justify the coal
owners in pleading poverty as a
roasan for refusing to pay the miners a decent wage.
Unsurpassed Profits
Profits on this scale were never
made even in the heyday of the
mining industry. In y_e five years
before the war, including 1913, a
boom year in which coal production reached its peak, the average
annual profits were £13,100,000.
Nothing but the inflated standards
of the war period, when profits
equivalent to as much as 17 per
cent, on invested capital were made
as against an average of less than
10 per cent, before the war, can
justify the coal awners' allegation
that the mining industry cannot
pay its way without sweeping wage
War Profits Wanted
Appetite grows by what it feeds
on. During the war colliery own
ers and shareholders became ac
cu-tomed to colossal figures, like
the "profit standard" of £22 millions allowed them by the Government when the Excess Profits Duty
was imposed.
What the. War Brought
An    elementary   knowledge   of
mining finances is sufficient to
show that ln the last ten years the
private interests that control the
mining industry have received
scores of millions of pounds in excess of the normal return to capital.
In the first three years of the
war, 1914, 1915, and 1916, profits
were actually nearly double the
annual pre-war average of £13,-
100,000. The total for the three
years was £-74,800,000, or nearly
£25 million a year. Prom 1917 to
1921 the shareholders received
15% per cent, as a return on their
capital, as compared with an annual average of less than 10 per
cent, before the war.
In addition, as the miners' sec
retary, Mr. A. J. Cook, pointed out
at the Buckmaster Inquiry last
year, out of a total capital of nearly £46 millions issued by 34 companies the amount issued to shareholders out of reserves or undivided profits was no less than £17
millions, upon which dividends
have to be paid.
Capitalist Effrontery
In face of these facts, showing
an absolutely ' unprecedented yield
of invested capital, an appropriation by private interests of scores
of millions of pounds in excess of
the normal return to capital, the
coalowners have the effrontery to
claim credit for generosity in foregoing "repayment of the losses and
deficiencies due to them under the
current agreement," and to justify
the abolition of the minimum wage
and reduction of wages all round
as the "solution compatible with
economic common sense."
In defence of their proposals the
coal owners have put up a thor*
oughly disingenuous plea. They
declare that since the beginning of
the present agreement the whole
of the net proceeds of the industry
has been handed over in wages.
A more misleading way of stating
the true facts of the present posi*
tion in the industry could not be
British Steel Trade
Rapidly Falling Off
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—The statistical bulletin of the National Federation of
Iron and Steel manufacturers
makes lt quite clear that business
and employment is considerably
slacker in their industry than it
was a year ago.
Extracts from the bulletin include the following:
The production of pig iron in
May amounted to 568,000 tons as
compared with 650,900 tons in
May last year.
At the end of May 157 furnaces
were blowing, as compared with
191 at the same time last year.
The production of steel ingots
and castings totalled 651,600 tons,
compared with 809,700 tons ln
May a year ago.
The returns of employment for
141 identical firms show that 92,-
600 work-people were employed,
as compared with 103,544 In May
last year.
Great Britain's return to tho
gold standard has led — an appreciation of the sterling exchanges,
and thus made it harder to sell
British goods abroad.
PORTLAND, Ore.—A huge number of logging camps are closed
down on this side of the line. It
is estimated that there are but
approximately 19,000 loggers
working between Coos Bay and
the Canadian border. In the State
of Oregon about forty per cent of
the camps are closed.
Why British Miners'
Wages Are Slashed
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—According to the In
land Revenue evidence before the
Food Commission, which the Min
ister of Mines stated in the House
of Commons on July 1, held good
today, the yearly incomes drawn
from mining royalties include the
One draws £423,448.
One draws £117,447.
One draws £112,477.
One draws £111,203.
One draws £103,555.
Two draw over £79,000 each.
Five draw between £50,000 and
£79,000 each.
Six draw £40,000 to £50,000 each,
Nine draw £30,000 to £40,000
Nine draw £20,000 to £30,000
Twenty-flve draw from £15,000
to £20,000 each.
Forty-seven draw from £10,000
to £15,000 each.
One hundred and twenty-eight
draw from £5,000 to £10,000 each
Six hundred and eight draw
from £1,000 to £5,000 each.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
Every new truth which has been
propounded has, for a time, caused
mischief; it has produced discomfort, and often unhappiness; sometimes by disturbing social or religious arrangements, and sometimes
merely by the disturbing social or
religious arrangement of thoughts
It ls only after a certain interval,
and when the framework of af
fairs has adjusted itself by the
new truth, that Its good effects
preponderate.—Buckle.       > .
Labor Commonwealth
Conference in Session
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—The British Commonwealth Labor Conference will
take place* at the British Ehlpire
Parliamentary Association Rooms,
House of Commons, Westminster,
on Monday, July 27, and the five
following days.
Mr. Ramsay McDonald, M.P.,
will preside at the opening session,
<4he chairmen on the remaining
days being Mr. C. T. Cramp, Mr.
A., B. Swales, Mr. A. A. Purcell,
and two overseas representatives.
Delegates are expected to attend
from Australia, Canada, Ireland,
India, Newfoundland, Palestine,
and South Africa, while fraternal
delegates from the I.F.T.U. and the
L. S. I. will also be present.
The agenda will include the foi*
lowing topics: Inter-Dominion
Emigration, the Geneva Protocol,
International Labor Legislation,
Inter-Dominion Trade Relations,
Indian Labor in British Colonies,
Industrial Legislation, and British
Protection in the Mandated Territories.
Parson Performs One
Honest Day's Work
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON.—When tlie Rev. F. J.
Hopkins, Labor candidate for the
Penryn and Falmouth Division, invited workmen engaged on laying
waterpipes in Honiton to one of
his meetings, one of the men remarked that if Mr. Hopkins had
been at work with a pick and
shovel all day he wouldn't want to
go to meetings.
"Making speeches is a soft job,"
he added.   "Anybody can do that."
Mr. Hopkins accepted the implied challenge, and worked in the
trench for the rest of the day under th3 critical eye of the foreman,
who declared afterwards that he
would be only too glad to take on
the clerical amateur "navvy" as a
regular hand.
Working Women Plan
International Meet
LONDON—All the organiaztions
afflliated to the Labor and Socialistic international are invited to
send women delegates to an International Conference of Labor and
Socialist women, to be held under
their auspices in August, 1925, at
The basis of representation will
be the same as for the Congress,
each afflliated organization being
entitled to send women delegates
up to the number of delegates
allowed them at the Congress.
An Investigation of the present
state of organiaztion among Socialist women in the different
countries, and a discussion of the
aims and methods of these organizations, are proposed as the basis
for the agenda.
LONDON,—Cement workers in
Shepreth, Cambridgeshire, have
now been on strike for over sixteen weeks to secure the minimum wage of £2 3s. per week.
Tradesmen and local clergy are
making efforts to effect a settlement by arranging a meeting between the strikers' representatives aipd the directors of the
So much feeling has been
aroused that collections have
been made in Cambridge churches in aid of the strikers' wives
and children.
Vjacuum - Grip
The   Highest   Grade
Pliers on the Market
I will sell direct "from factory to yon, and, for a limited time only, with each
pair purchased, will give one
extra pair
Vacuum - Grip
Are Forged from
and are
Call and Select Yonr Choice
from 20 Varieties
Open Evenings 7 to 9
325 Rogers Bldg.
470 Granville Street
MEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. C. Telephone Oompany
LONDON.—Negotiations for the
amalgamation of the Typographical Association, the National Society of Operative Printers and
Assistants, and the Scottish Typographical Association have reached the stage of a draft scheme
which has been tentatively approved by the representatives of
the union and has now to be considered  by the several  executives.
The progress of the working
class must be in proportion to Its
ability to unite and to co-operate.
-Henry White.
What enslaves the masses ls
their own ignorance. — Henry
George. ,
For a Day's Outing
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eastern Ry.
(VU No. Vaneouvar Olty Torrid)
Leavo Nortk Vancouver for all
stations 8.40 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past each hour until 8:80
p.m. Return from Whyteeliff
8:25 a.m. and 25 minutes past
each hour until 0:26 p.m.
Purchase Ticket! at Ferry Wharf
and 633 OranviUe Street
Return Fares Prom Vancouver:
Adults 70c; Children 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. 300       Seymour 8331 Page Eight
Friday, July 31,
Hindu Strikers Appeal For Aid
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)♦present  many of these  miserable
NEW YORK.—Sixty thousand
railroad workers of Northwestern
India, who have been battling
four months against the Northwestern Railroad Company, that
operates over a 1200-mile terri*
tory from the Punjab to Bengal,
are appealing to the American
labor movement to help them
carry on the fight that means
the life or death of their organization.
The appeal was transmitted by
M. A. Kahn, general secretary of
the northwestern rail men, to his
fellow - countryman, Saliendra
Ghose, secretary of the Friends
of Freedom for India, with instructions to take what steps
were necessary to put the case,
with its desperate need, before
the American labor unions at
once, and Ghose says that a campaign will be gotten under way
Nothing so critical as the present strike has been seen in the
rather brief history of the transport unions of India. Previous
walkouts were smaller and more
local in character. The strike
started as a defensive measure
when an organizer was discharged
from a repair shop, and quickly
spread over the territory.
Conditions Desperate
A recital of conditions among
Indian rail workers shows why
they welcome organization. Hours
are 12 per day for all the northwestern workers except some of
the more highly skilled men, and
wages range from 8 annas (16
cents) to 3 rupees ($1) per day.
The lowest wages barely permit a
worker to buy enough bread or
rice for himself, on a slim ration
basis, with nothing left over for
family or extra personal expenses,
Strikers Evicted
Not only are hours long and
wages low, but civil liberties appear to be at a lower minimum
than in the mining towns of West
Virginia, Nationalist papers from
India tell how the workers are
housed in company huts and barracks within1 the railroad compounds under the tyi-ajpnical supervision   of   company  police.   At
Strike Threat Wins
Arbitration Issue
(By Federated Press.)
BOSTON.—As the result of the
overwhelming strike vote of the
organized employees of the Boston elevated system, the company
officials have .yielded the point
the men demanded and agreed to
arbitrate the wages dispute according to the system prevailing
for fourteen years.
The distinctive feature of the
old arbitration method, retailed
by the company's backdown, is
that the representatives of each
side are chosen directly by their
respective bodies. The company
had demanded a less representative system, whereby the union's
spokesman would be selected by
the company from a list of five
men nominated by ihe union, and
vice versa. Until the strike vote
the company stood pat, ajnd tne
state government was indifferent
After the strike vote the company
spoke vaguely against compromise
at first, but Governor Fuller became interested, admitted that the
men were technically correct on
the arbitration point, though' attempting to prejudice public
opinion against their declaration
for more wages.
The u*pion demands wages be
raised from 72 cents to 95 cents
an hour, the company calling for
a 7 cent per hour cut.
homes have been taken by a policy of evictions. Where the courts
have not intervened the workers
have been housed ln hastily erected emergency homes oh waste
lands or lands loaned by sympathizers.
Imperial Gocernment Aids Co.
The Northwestern railroad is
closely allied with the imperial
government, which guarantees its
five per cent, dividends and is
showing its sympathy with the
employers by persecuting the
strikers. An official government
communique from Simla warns
the public that the strike is a
movement of illiterate workers
and will be resisted by the government to the finish.
On the other hand, the All Ijndla
Rallwaymen's Unions' Federation,
with which the Northwestern
strikers are affiliated, sends out
a call for solidarity and support,
which follows, in part:
Unionism Threatened
"The workers must bear in
mind that the troubles prevailing
among the Northwestern Railway
workers today may be their
troubles tomorrow, as the flat
denial of any sort of negotiation
strikes at the very root of trade
unionism in India. The conditions
of strikers and their families may
be better imagined than described. Seventy-five men have already (June 23) been hauled up
and are being tried in criminal
courts at Sukkur, about 35 men
have beep arrested at Lahore and
about a dozen at Kerachi. They
require proper legal defence, and
their 'families, including many
thousands, require immediate
monetary help. Some of them
are anxious to go home, but are
stranded for want of train fares.
The public and all the unions
should at once contribute their
mite to the All-India Railway-
men's Unions' Federation, at its
office at No. 72 Canning street,
Much Too Hot
For Dunegan
Men's Fine Cambrio Handkerchiefs, hemstitched; Saturday,
per dozen   86c
Mule  Skin Work Gloves;  regular
SOc,  per pair.....  35c
8  pairB  for.   11.00
Men's Cottonado Pants, sizes 32
to 14   $1.95
Men's Black Sateen Shirts, $1.25
Men's   Natural   Underwear,   shirt
and drawers   95c
Combinations       $1,96
Soe our Bpeclal prices  on Men's
• Oxfords.
Basketball  Special   Outing   Shoes,
Boys'     $2.60
Men's       $2.86
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men'i   ud   Boyi'   Furnishings,
Hate, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair, ll
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Haitingi St. W., Vancouver, B.0.
Telephone!: Seymour 8(68 aad (887
Paint and Panel
Has a Special in Grey,
for $3.85 Per Gallon
for Any Purpose
for   Painting,   Scrubbing   or
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastings E.
two weeks in the mines as a non
union workman and receiving
three cents for the toil was not to
the liking of Edward Dunegan of
Reynoldsville, W. Va., employed by
the Hudson Coal company, so he
quit his job and joined the ranks
of the striking union men.
Returns the Cheque
Dunegan received a cheque from
the company for his two week's
work, after the usual deductions
had been made, for the three cents.
He returned the cheque to the
company with a letter setting out
that perhaps the company needed
the money worse than he did, so
he was quite willing to contribute
It to the company coffers.
"Freely Ye Have Received"
"I take untold pleasure," he
wrote, "in freely, gladly and unconditionally loaning you my last
cash balance, my sole remaining
financial acquisition, which ls the
last pay check received by me
from your pay office, drawn on the
Clarksburg Trust company, and enclosed herein."
To Stave off Bankruptcy
Dunegan wrote that he hoped
the . company would accept the
donation to help stave off any
threatened "bankruptcy" that
might be hovering over it.
The Hudson company has been
operating as a non-union mine for
some time,  but according to  the
Russian Conditions
Improving Rapidly
MOSCOW—The money wage in
Russia is now almost twice prewar, though the wage, reckoned
in products,' has only reached 78
per cent, of the pre-war standard
of living. In many trades, however, the standard of living has
passed pre-war.
Chemical workers get 117 per
cent of prewar standard of living,
leather workers 107 per cent.,
printing workers 102 per cent.,
food workers 131 per cent., paver
workers 113 per cent. All these
workers are better off, not merely
in money wages, but in what their
money will buy, than before the
war. As. against them, metal
workers" are 64 per cent, and miners 61 per cent, of the prewar
standard, while textile and timber
workers are between 90 and 100
per cent. The present tendency ls
towards cutting the cost of products. In addition to the individual
standard of living, shown by the
wage received, the most striking
gains of the revolution are in the
many social benefits, from insurance to workers clubs and participation in industry and government.
There is no reciprocity between
the machine and the child; while
the child feeds the machine, the
machine starves the child.—Eugene Debs.
Police Compel Taxi
Drivers to Advert
Selves As Crim
men employed the scale of wages
is too low for the employees to
make even a decent living.
(By Federated Press);
NEW YORK—If the fight i
lsts and independent taxi coi
les are making ln the
against police control of th
business ls successful lt is ex;
that the drivers will be
the humiliation of being
tised to the public as criminj
the warning card Commis,
Enright has pasted up on
upper left hand corner of eac]
for passengers to read. The
shows the driver's photograph
his thumb print and descrj
and says:
Warning to Passengers]
This  is the  description]
the legal driver of this
If the person now driving t
car does not conform to,
-He may be a criminal.'
Your   safety   may   dema
that   you   act   immediate
vacate   the   car   and   Calf
Police Commission
Taxi drivers contend that,
display of this card unjustly c
the term chauffeur to coi
the term criminal and they i
the point that they are ha
and insulted enough on the
without this additional and ur
ly damaging suspicion.
We produce so much of ei
thing that we have not enouq
anything.—Eugene Debs.
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