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The Canadian Labor Advocate Sep 1, 1925

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B ^FEDERATIONIST
 -    __a^__	
[Seventeenth Year.  No. 37
Eight Pages
nm .n.m .**> mm*.m* .ininininini . I, „.,„ „
rTHE British press recently
-*- announced that the Maharajah of Patlala had taken the whole of the fifth
floor of tbe Savoy Hotel.
The. rooms are decorated
dally with 3000 English
roses. The Maharajah has
sixteen Rolls Royces, one of
them made of solid silver.
The Maharanee's bath Is
also of silver.
.ti.ti.tiitiHiit itiHiitmiHiHiitnUng ,m„t lM,||||M
Arming Strikers Creates Animated Discussion
,,..!.,,.l,.,,.l,.l,.  .**.!..I...I.*....«...*.........*.*
[Coast Unemployed
Notices Scare
|VmNNJPE6, Man.—The decision
I of the Vancouver City Council
[to broadcast notices on the prairies,
I warning harvesters that, they need
[expect no unemployment relief on
.'he Coast this winter, ls sending
■bold shivers down the spines- of
1 Winnipeg aldermen, who fear Van-
J-jouver's warning may result in the
Harvesters deciding to remain here
por the winter.
Acting Mayor  McLean has  informed Winnipeg's unemployment
Committee  that  they   "would   do
veil to have a statement published
thp press notifying ail persons
bf their policy against helping nonresidents," and that they "should
lose no time in getting the news
jtbroad".   Alderman Kerchar adds
p.is voice to the general whine and
ays:  "We should make haste, to
broadcast our Intention of giving
[o help to floaters."
Thousands   ot   harvesters   are
keeded every year to garner the
props, and when that job is competed the devil himself could not
l*e more unwelcome. No one wants
lo have these men around because
paving them means they may be
Unemployed.    In  this scheme   of
filings,  men  are  of no  moment,
i. hat does count, however, is invest for mortgage holders trom
liralrie crops.
/"VPTAWA, Ont—Should workers
arm to defend themselves
against hostile forces during industrial disputes? That question
was one of the most heatedly debated proposals that came before
the Canadian Trades Congress at
its recent sessiops here. The resolution, which was sponsored by
Luscar Local 356, U.M.W. of A.;
London Trades and Labor CouncU; Glace Bay Local 4718, UJM.W.
of A.; Halifax Trades and Labor
Council, and Machinists' Lodge
No, 235, Toronto, reads:
"Whereas, recent disturbances
ln Cape Breton, which culminated
in the killing of William Davis
and the wounding bf several of
his fellow workers, was directly
attributable to the provocation of
BESCO'S armed company police;
and whereas, but for their presence and their brutal efforts to
cow the workers, there is little
likelihood that any violence or
disorder would have ensued.
Therefore, be it resolved, that this
convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada demand
Immediate and drastic legislation
prohibiting corporations trom
maintaining armed forces; and be
lt further resolved, that failure to
secure adequate legislation to thts
effect will compel the trades unions of Canada to take such steps
as may be necessary to protect
their own members during strikes,
lockouts and similar disturbances."
After a very heated discussion
on the merits and demerits of
strikers arming to protect themselves against company police,
thugs and state soldiery, the resolution was amended by striking
out the last clause, beginning with
the words, "and be it further resolved." The vote in favor of the
amendment was 95 for, 56 against.
A forecast by A. G. Walkden,
fraternal delegate from Qreat
Britain, that British labor may
one day stop the wheels of industry in order to prevent war,
elicited a round of applause. Mr.
Walkden said:" "We may have
some day to say to a reactionary
government: Tour policy may result in an armed conflict somewhere in Europe. If you are going to war, we are going to stop
the wheels of industry. There
shall be no more war." Mr.
Walkden also stated that the tide
was turning in favor of the British Labor Party, and that he expected labor to be in power as
well as in office after next election. He regarded the coal,miners' victory as the "crowning
triumph" of the British trade unioni movement.
A   resolution   calling   for   the
amendment of the Trades Congress constitution so that it would
admit to membership "any body
of workers in Canada who are
organized along trade or industrial lines, ln a functioning national or international union," was
voted ,down after some considerable discussion. This resolution,
if passed, would have permitted
Congress to affiliate national and
local unions.
Resolutions calling for a legal
holiday of two weeks' duration,
with pay, for all workers in all
industries; legal eight-hour day;
abolition of injunctions, ajnd prevention of troops being used in
industrial disputes, were passed.
A resolution favoring autonomy
for Canadian locals of International unions, wus voted down
after considerable debate.
A resolution favoring the prohibition of the sale or manufacture of narcotic'drugs was passed,
during the discussion of which
some caustic comment on Britain's policy ot forcing opium on
the world was  made.
The number of members affiliated to congress was given as
106,912, as compared with 117,-
060 in 1924. and 81,68 in 1918.
Receipts for the year amounted
to $23,274.41, and total expenditures  120,938.34.
British and Canadian       Union Label Campaign    Material Basis For
Co-ops. Plan Agreement To Cover New York City      Animosity To Unions
.abor Delegates Not
Distinguished Visitors
OTTAWA—That labor delegates,
I'hether they be "red" or "yellow",
ftould not be considered "distin-
uished visitors" is the opinion of
Ottawa's City Solicitor.
Ottawa's City Council voted $400
|. help defray expenses in connec-
lon with the Trades Congress con-
jntion, ln this city, but now an
(fort is being made to have this
rant rescinded. In evplainlng the
Ituatlon to the City Council, the
ity Solicitor explained that it was
prmissable to make small grants
entertain distinguished visitors,
hd that these grants had  been
|ade to fete "Lord Haig and other
ninent visitors," but that in his
l.inioh existing legislation did not
ermit entertaining delegates to a
JThe question now ls: "What
lould be the position of the Ot-
Jtwa City Council had the Prince
If Wales (who some time ago was
]mde honorary member of a cer-
iln trade union) attended the
Ion vention as a delegate?"
TORONTO—It has been announced here that the United Farmer's Co-operative Co., Ltd. is* contemplating an arrangement whereby it will become the distributive
agency in Canada for the Co-operative Wholesale Society of Manchester, England.
The Co-operative Wholesale Society ls the largest wholesale cooperative Institution in the world,
and together with the Scottish Cooperative Wholesale Society embraces a membership of almost
The United Farmer's Co-operative is asking local co-operatives
and farmer organizations throughout Ontario whether they are desirous that the proposal should be
carried into effect
Don't forget!   Mention the Ad-
locate when buying.
Canadian Seamen Now
Cheaper Than Japanese
(By Federated Press).
MONTREAL—The British Empire Steel Corporation is returning
to China the coolies that have
manned its boats since the war.
The system proved a costly experiment. On one ship four murders
were committed ln one night.
Many Chinese outwitted the guards
employed to keep them on the
ships, and the company had to
pay heavy fines as well as head
But the company, assisted by the
depression, appears to have achieved its purpose. Wage rates have
been smashed until Canadian sailors on thei Atlantic Coast are once
again preferable to coolies. So
for service rendered during the
war, the Canadian sailor ls coming
into his own again—long hours and
a meagre wage.
NEW TORK — (FP) — Every
trade union, religious and fraternal organization in New York City
will be visited ln the union label
campaign, the Central Union Label
Counoil of Greater New York is
conducting, says a statement by
that body. Large general committees have been apointed to handle the work ln each of the five
boroughs. The drive for label products in the metropolis is part of
the national campaign instituted
by the Union Label Trades Department of the American Federation of Labor.
Open air meetings will be held
and moving picture shows used,
where possible, for 5-minute talks.
Fire will be directed not merely
against non-label goods, as such',
but at cheap foreign goods and
the products of prison labor.
MONTREAL—The Spanish River Pulp and Paper Mills Ltd. has
a strong hatred of trade union organizers, the material basis for
which is revealed in the annual
report of the company, recently
made public here.
For the year ended June 30th,
1925, this company paid 17.7 per
cent, on the common stock, and
had a surplus of nearly a million'
dollars left over when the bondholders received their proportion
of dividends. In addition to this,
the working capital of the company was enhanced to the extent
of -1400,000, a,nd the funded debt
reduced by a further $676,386.
The owners of the Spanish River
Pulp and Paper Co. have very
good reasons for being class conscious.
TN the House of Commons
* on March 3, Earl Winter-
ton admitted that 96 per
cent, of the children in the
Industrial area of Bombay
are drugged with opium so
that they shall not be able
to cry for food during the
absence of their mothers in
the factories. In one year
661 children out of every
1000 died before reaching
one year of age.
Wales1 Man Friday
Enters Alberta
r-DMONTON, Alta.—British roy-
alty has entered Alberta poll-
tics with a bang, and the hopes
of the Conservative party are
soaring high. Mr. Carlyle, manager of the Prince of Wales'
ranch, has been nominated to contest the High River constituency
on the Conservative ticket at the
forthcoming federal election. Carlyle told the nominating oonvention that his "chiof" had o.k'd.
his candidature.
Already the Calgary Herald and
the Edmonton Journal have named
the prince's hired man as a probable member of the Conservative
Doubtless Canadian railroads,
and other employers of labor desirous of importing an even greater army of unemployed with
which to cut wages, will welcome
with delight this valuable acquisition to the ranks of the Conservatives. They can be assured that
the "smiling prince," and hence
his protege, will, do all he can to
relieve the labor congestion in the
old land and thus make his position as heir-apparent more secure.
Mr. Carlyle, if elected, will not
be troubled with financial worries. The pi-inco's ranch isn't
No great wrong ever yet was
righted by the class deriving profit from it, but always by the revolt of the victims.—Lyman Abbott
Highlights on This
Week's News
Trades   Congress   Meets  1
Unemployed  Notices   Scare Winnipeg 1
Royalty Enters Alberta Politics  1
Capitalism   Shaky,   Morrison   Says.... 2
No Scabs in Anthracite Strike  8
Muiillng the Pulpit   5
Businessmen Admit Boycott Hurts.... 2
Labor   Plans   Boycott   on   Sweated
Goods     I
British Bosses  Exposed   7
Australian Miners  Versus Profits.... 8
Textile Strike in India.  B
Fascists Attack Italian Seamen  S
"Cape Breton a Lawless
Place" Says Roy Wolvin
sure Cape Breton ls a most lawless
place and the government of Nova
Scotia must energetically look to
full enforcement of the laws," said
Roy Wolvin, president British Empire Steel Corp., on his return from
a trip to Sydney and Newfoundland. Apparently Wolvin is not
overjoyed at the terms of settlement of the dispute with the miners union.
While In Newfoundland Wolvin
waa trying to get the government
to surrender part of the royalties
on iron ore at Bell Island. Not
long since a royal commissioner reported that company representatives had bribed members of a
former government.
Meighen Admits His
Colossal 'Ignorance
(By Federated Press.)
OTTAWA. — Representation of
the great railway labor organizations on the board of the Canadian National Railways was advocated by Premier King before tho
Dominion legislative board or the
Brotherhood of Locomotvo Firemen & Enginemen. Labor, now
has a representative in Tom
Moore, president Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. Arthur
Meighen, Conservative leader,
speaking before the same body,
said he believed in labor unions,
but did not know whether he fa-
fored International unions. He had
not studied the international unions, he added.
Among the resolutions was one
expressing "regret and indignation
at the apparent indifforence and
apathy shown by governments of
Canada, federal and provincial,"
ln carrying out thc international
labor conventions of Washington
and Geneva In regard to the 8-
hour day and other social reforms,
W. L. West was again elected
chairman of the board, and James
Pratt of Toronto secretary-treasurer. _fag« Two
Friday, September 11, 191
Morrison Finds That        British Businessmen
Capitalism Is Shaky       Admit Boycott Hurts
City Voters' List To
Close On Sept. 14th
Is your name on the civic voter's
list? If not get busy. The list
closes on September 14th, and
those who do not take the precaution of registering before that
dale will be unable to vote at next
municipal elections.
This fact was brought to the
attention of the Vancouver Building Trades Council at their last
meeting, and all delegates were requested to bring the matter before
their respective unions and remind
them of the date—September 14th.
Labor must not be behind in this.
The conditions under which certain municipal work will be done
next year depends on the composition of the City Council. Get on
the list, and see that labor is fully
The Building trades committee
reported having interviewed the
City Council, and enquired whether a fair wage clause was being
inserted in the Isolation Hospital
contract. The Council replied in
the affirmative, and the committee then asked that instead of inserting a fair wage clause it be
made union scale of wages. This
proposal was refused.
Fraser Valley Dairy
The committee also interviewed
the, Fraser Valley Dairy contractor, and succeeded in having the
tinsmith work done by union labor.
As a result of this the Sheet Metal Workers have taken in some
new members This job is still employing a non-union engineer.
The Plasteres reported having
initiated three new members, and
had fined one man $50, for working on Saturday. The Plasterers
have a five day week.
The Lathers reported making
preparations for an organizing
drive, and hoped to be able to report 100 per cent, organization at
next meeting.
Mill Workers Progressing
The Mill Workers reported having initiated 28 new members at
their last meeting, and that one
shop in New Westminster had
signed up 100 per cept.
It was* reported that the builders
of the Vancouver Heights Theatre
had undertaken to make the job
fair to all building trade workers.
Don't forget that the municipal
voter's list closes on the 14th of
this month. See that your name
is on the list this time.
S. P. of C. Propaganda
The Socialist Party of Canada
will hold a propaganda meeting in
the Columbia Theatre, Hastings
Street, on Sunday evening, Sept.
ibth, at 8. p.m.
Jack Harrington will be the
Speaker. Comrade Harrington is a
close student of history and of the
problems which are perplexing the
minds of the workers. This is the
first meeting of what is hoped to
be a series of meetings extending
through the fall and winter
months, and with which some of
the other political parties may cooperate.
F. L. P. Activities
Next business meeting of the
Vancouver branch of the Federated Labor Party will be held at
319 Pender Street west.
The holding of Sunday evening
propaganda meetings will be discussed. We have already a number of prospective speakers from
Eastern Canada and Great Britain.
The Federal election campaign
will be going full swing very shortly and the Labor candidates will
require all the assistance the workers can give.
All members and those wishing
to become members are asked to
attend and give a hand in the work.
C. L. P. Special Meeting
(By Federated.Press)
ST. PETERSBURG, Fla.—American capitalists no longer dare
operate their machinery at 100
per cent, capacity, said Frank Morrison, secretary of the "American
Federation of Labor, in a Labor
Day address to the union men and
women gathered here from eight
cities of northern Florida. He declared that the low wages which
these, capitalists insist on paying
are insufficient to enable the workers to buy back the things they
create, and that they have adopted
the regulation of output as a cure
for their folly in throwing the* market out of balance.
He quoted the Wall Street Journal as urging regulation of production because "the country today can turn out more Steel, more
coal, more copper, more automobiles, etc., than the demand calls
for. If all of these industries permitted capacity operation, prosperity would be short lived."
Company unions, employers'
'. schemes for giving group insurance to their employees, and
schemes for selling stock in the
employing company to the employees, were named by Morrison as
three of the chief methods adopted in recent years by ani-union
employers to break down existing
unionism and to prevent the advance of the labor movement into new territory. He recommended the plan of life insurance adopted by the recent conference of
executives of the A. F. of L. unions,
as being free from any danger of
tying men to their bosses and their
jobs regardless of wages and conditions given.
NEW YORK—(FP)—That the
boycott against British goods
which is one of the weapons of
the Chinese strikers, is hitting its
target, is admitted by British textile owpers,' quoted in -New York
textile journals. Before the trouble
started, British worsted and woolen manufacturers were finding an
Increasing market in <, China, and
this market is now badly shot.
The Importance of the ma ket
now crippled by the Chinese reslstence* is shown in an interview
with H. Sutcliffe Smith, member of
the executive committee of the directors of the Bradford Dyers' Association. For the year ending
December 31, 1924, he said, a total
of 9,8.2,163 Pounds Sterling of
wool'eri 'and worsted goods was
shippe'd to China. "The dislocation
of this business with China," he
continued, "will be all the more
keenly felt, as trade generally in
the British woolen and worsted industries is unsatisfactory."
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Mefj
politan Bldg.	
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pac
Bldg., 744 HarUngs StJW
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   P«4
Street W. The belt makes of iiof
oq eaay terms.       -	
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Mali
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W."]
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St.
Hannah Lund, 924 Birki Bldg., i^
instant relief;  eveningi by appoints
Sey.  1218.	
r.   d.   a.   McMillan,   pal!
' Graduate.     Open   daily   and
ings.    Dawson  Blk.,  cor.  Hastings
Main.    Phone Sey. 6S54.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
TTTHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Company
A special meeting of the Greater
Vancouver Central Council of the
Canadian Labor Party will be held
in the Holden Building on Wednesday, September 16th, at 8 pjn.
Matters relating to the aproaching
Federal elections will be discussed
and all delegates are requested to
CALGARY—William Sherman,
president of District 18, Uniitjed
Mine Workers of America, has resigned his position, and is reported to be leaving immediately for
the United States.
SCEPTRE, Sask.—It is unnecessary to travel tp Central Europe,
or to the semi-feudal southern
states, to see women toiling in the
fields. This scene can be witnessed any day in this locality,
where it is a common sight to see
women running binders while men
do the stooking. Meantime the
mortgage companies are getting
ready to rake in the shekels when
the crops  are  harvested.
Sey. 486              82 Bastings St. E.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
Sey. 6789          414 Hastings St. W.
5-Tube Radio Set
Send self-addressed, stamped
envelope — for full particulars regarding this OFFER.
200   Broadway,   New   York,
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. Sast   Ssy. 988-672     665 OranvUlt Stmt   Sey. 9618-1391
151 Hastings  Street West Sey.  1370
Municipal Elections
Every porson qualified to vote should see that his
name is on the Civic Voters' List, as Tenant, Registered
Owner or Registered Agreement to Purchase, on. or before Monday, September Wth, 1925.
Application blanks may be obtained and, the necessary Declaration made at the City Clerk's Office, City
The City Clerk's Office will be operf afternoons
and evenings to 9 o'clock from Thursday, 10th inst., to
Monday, 14th inst., both inclusive, to receive applications.
City Clerk.
City Hall, Sept. 9th, 1925.
Corporation of The District of Burnaby
Tax Sale
To Be Held at
Municipal Hall
On Wednesday, Sept, 16, 1925
at 10 o'clock a.m.     "
Lists Can Be Obtained at the Municipal Hall
Phona Sey. 7137
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,  801  Domli
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor. (
dova nnd Carrall.	
Cordova St. W., few doors wes
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale
retail window  glass.
Grandview Huapital—Medical, .
kai, maternity. 1090 Vietoria 1
High.  137.	
Famous   Cloak   &  Suit  Co.,
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville !
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cor<
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Mali
C. D. Bruco Ltd., Homer and Ii
ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cor
V paired, by expert. WUl Edm
966  Robson  St.    Sey. 2094.
Pitman Optical H9use.  616 I
ings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hast
Street East.	
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 I
ings Street East
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Ca'
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Stree
Waterworks Department
O by the undersigned up to Tue
September 22nd, 1925, at 2 o'cloi
m., for the supply of the followinf
A. (1)   Approximately   6200
—et flexible joint  oast iron pipe;
(2) Approximately 3800 lineal
plain  spigot  nnd  faucet  cast iron
B. 6—36-inch Gate Valves.
1—32-inch Gate Valve
6*—24-inch Gate Valves.
9—18-inch  Gate  Valves.
5—18-inch Check Valvea.
Plans, specifications and form ol
ders may be obtained Hit. the City
neer's Office, Oity Hall, on p'ayme
Ten Dollars ($10.00), which will b
funded   on   return   of   plans,   spec
tions, etc., in good condition.
A deposit by marked cheque, pa
to the City Treasurer, of an si
equal to five per cent. (6%) oi
total amount of the bids submitted
accompany each tender.
The lowest or any tender not  n
sarily accepted.
Oity Purchasing A
City Hall, Vancouvor,  B.C.,
August   19th,   1926.
Help ui by mentioning tha *
vocate. [Friday, September 11, 1925
Page Thre*
• - POLITICS - -
bers' Needs Versus      Huge Textile Strike
Mine Owners' Profits        Breaks Out In India
Miners Asked To Sign     No Scabs As Yet In
"Yellow Dog" Contract Anthracite Strike
W. Francis Ahern, Federated   (By Art Shields, Federated Press)
I Press Staff Correspondent) NEW TORK—More than a hun-
Reaction    in    Japan    has    just
passed  a "Peace Preservation Law"
(By Federated Press)
NBW  YORK--Though  Andrew
(By  Louis  F.  Budenz, ' Federated
Press.)    '
SCRANTON,   Pa.—With   strike-
fc .,*•-*' J-Jsss sss ts.ss ai_tt.ai.ttjit  *W1   iwuim-
.ich coal miners work in Aus-  strike September 1 against an 11%  j      th    constitution   hut even to  year' the mlners ln his Pittsburgh
SYDNEY,     Australia—Evidence  dred thousand cotton goods work- wh|ch ms_i_e_ n a crime not only  Mellon's personal income tax was
the wretched conditions under  ers in the Bombay District went on t0 joln ln an agitation for reform-  ll8ted   as   -U.882,609   for  the  last   breakers,   state   police   and   extra
"mine guards" conspicuously absent, the 158,000 hard coal miners
walked out quietly Sept. 1 ln the
Pa*nther Creek, Lackawanna and
Lyckens valleys.   All day Monday
Ilia was given at the Coal Tri-  per cent, reduction in their wages,
■nal, Sitting at  Sydney, to hear  says information reaching the of
oppose   the   existence   of   capital-  Coal Co" are expected to believe
ism.    The  law  has  two   objects:  tnat theIr boss 's not makm6 any
miners' claim for a 7-hour day,   fice of the Friends of Freedom for j,j_,_t   to  k        down the  advanc-  nioney.    A copy of the  personal
-day week,  a  minimum wage  India here.
ing labor movement; and, second, contract that miners must sign be-
£$27.50 per week, and a general This is the biggest walkout since to    suppress    Korean    agitators. fore getting  jobs^at  the  Mellon
provement   of   working   condi- the great 1922 strike wheti*_£ours Tljese latter are always spoken of P'ts. furnished the Federated Press   the men left their mines, as their
lis in the mines. were first forced down fronjj.2 to as "Bolsheviks" i*n the best Euro- offloe by Pennsylvania labor men,   shifts came to an  end,  much as
were   quoted   where   in 10.   It is made necesary by,the re- pean    style.    The    Japan    Labor Slves   the   company's   hard   luck   any  other   day.     Many   of   them
Ires of mines the miners never fusal of the Bombay Mill Owners' Federation   is   taking   the   initial story as follows:                                 carried their tools, but others left
fned a living wage, while unem- Association to back down from the steps  toward  organizing  a  Labor T,   being   an   employee   of  the   these   in   the   higher   and   drier
fyment was very prevalent.    In wage cut decision that would leave Party,   modelled  on  the  lines  of  Pittsburgh Coal Co. mine,
pie  cases  the   earnings  of  the the  workers  with  barely  enough the British Labor Party. realizing that it is no longer posters were as low as $7 per week,  for a rice existence.                                                    Bible to operate the mine under the
file the time worked was little The  strike  was  called   by  the                         CHILE Jacksonville scale, request that the
|re than 100 days per year.    It Bombay Textile  Workers'   Union,      Recent legislation in Chile pro- company  afford   me   employment   the ,™a'*ine1 had not. dr'ven *hem
workings or had taken them away
Saturday. The mules came out-to
see the daylight for the first time
in two years, in those mines where
shown that owing to the rich- affiliated with the All India Trade vides that every working mother at the November, 1917 scale.
lis of the coal seams, miners in Union Congress, and* it will have must   have   a   rest   period   of   40 "it  is  my  hope  that the  Coal
ptralia  could  produce more  in such support as that body can give days   before   and   20   days   after Company will at once make every
hours than they could do in it.    It  is   expected  that  appeals childbirth, her position being held effort to  procure sufficient busi-
l.t'aln and America in 8 hours. will be sent to organized workers for  her  during this period;   that ness that will  make  possible my
one case, the miners offered in America and Europe.   Such ap- factories, shops, etc., must provide request, which I agree to abide by.
out of the picture entirely. A few
children gathered to see the mules
come up.
Strikebreaking, absent in all
hard coal strikes since 1902, is
not likely in the present struggle.
vork a mine and put the coal  peals will  undoubtedly emphasize nurseries   for   the   care   of   the  it being understood that when a   T,hf_ state mlne laws ■**Povi**« ior
trucks at $3 per ton.    As  the fact that low wages in India babies   of  working  mothers,   ajid sufficient number of men at the
'selling price of coal at the pit  means low wages for the western that mothers must have free pe- min_ have signed similar petitions
is $5.22 per ton, it was as-  textile   workers   whose   products riods   during   the   day   to   nurse so that work may be resumed, an
led   that   the   coal   profiteers  compete with Asiatic cotton goods their babies. opportunity  will  be  afforded  the
uld   accept   this   arrangement,  in the world market.   representatives of the Local Union
by refused, however, contending      There are no child labor regu- # RUSSIA which we may form, to meet with
If the miners' offer would not   lations   in   the  Indian   mills  and M,   Frumkin,  assistant  commis- the officials  of the  company for
|Nv them sufficient profits!             mothers   with   tiny  children  ate sar  of  foreign   affairs,   is   elated the'purpose  of negotiating wage
among the strikers.    The present over the increases made in farm and working conditions."
Ilia-inn Ono Thino-•             walkout   is   largely   a   defensive proMuction  in  Soviet  Russia.    In      The Loca] Union referred to in
|UglOI_ Une  ining,              measure to maintain gains of the a recent statement he reports that tMs screed is the company union   perieflice ' have   been "burnt "from
Brotherhood Another  1922 struggle but success will mean the   excellent   crops    now   being whlch the  compa*ny  has made a   the  dynamite  blast,  and  amateur
                          more union influence and lead to harvested   in   Soviet   Russia   will weak Btan ,n (ormlngr and )t ls )n   handling of the mines would re-
/ASHINGTON—(F P)— Should  f"rther Balns in the-future.   Such bring the value of exports avail- opposltfon   to   the   United   Mine   suit in a havoc of disaster.
3rican and British missionaries  improvements are literally a mat- able   next   year   at   $800,000,000. Workers. Unlon.                     ■                           ___.    	
rigid tests and require that a man
must work two years as a laborer before he is eligible for a miner's job. The operators have made
attempts, without avail, to have
these safety laws repealed. Anthracite's particularly hazardous
conditions have made the necessity for the legislation apparent
outside mining circles. In some
instances, miners of 30 years' ex-
bh!na live in big houses, and be ter of llfeand death 8ay IndW*
Raw  material available this year
Red upon by. many servants, and
The death rate of the children in will amount to $250,000,000.
themselves and their children  th« Bombay cotton eoods worke,rs
from the Chinese for reasons
|*ealth protection?
hat is the problem disturbing
consciences    of   missionaries
liered in resorts in the hills in
north of China this summer,
rding to private advices from
liinese public opinion, stirred
lhe strikes and by student ap-
t/), has turned against the white
families is several times that in
the families of the small minority
of well fed Indians.
Fake .Labor Paper To
Aid Coal Mine Barons
Alaskan Hell Ships
(By Federated  Press.)
SCRANTON.     Pa.—Officers
(By  Miriam  Allen  deFord,   Federated Press)
SAN   FRANCISCO.—The    "hell
of religion who dare not  ships"  from  Alaska  salmon  can-
children play with Chinese  neries are back in San Francisco,
So bitter is the exploitation of
labor under the Dawes plan, and
so little hope of improvement ih
its   condition   is   there,   that   the
league   of   German   industrialists District  1,  United  Mine  Workers,
RetUm With Sainton are   Planning   to   continue   their are angered by the appearance ln
  "technical emergency aid"  organ-  Scranton of the fake labor paper
ization of strikebreakers and are known as the National Labor Tri-
urging that the government also mine, published in Pittsburgh,
continue Its support of the plan.    The   edition   distributed   contains
a   cartoon   attacking   the   United
Mine Workers, and articles prais-
,,,., In British India the number of  lnS  """-union   conditions   In   the
gsters._ It  is  becoming der-  wJtt^Mj^^J^^-^-W^  persons  who  are  en(ranchised  is south.    It advised  the_™«ne«J°
S.8 millions, while the number unenfranchised is 241.7 millions.
These figures speak for themselves
and show how the great mass of
toward the luxury in which and misery.    Eight ships came in
feionary    families    live.      The at once, and a near riot was caused
jiese acknowledge that mission- when the men were paid off by
live more simply than do any the contractors.   Police were called
Latin America In
Grip of U.S. Capital
than $4,000,000,000 of capital from
the United States is now invested
in Latin American countries, according to an estimate by the department of commerce. This is
about 40 per cent, of the total of
foreign investments of American
financiers. It is represented by
railroads, hydro-electric power
plants, streetcar lines and othev
public utilities, and by mines, factories, land and cattle enterprises
and shipping, banking and insurance companies.
r class of whites, but they re-  when many men refused to accept  ^ ^^ ^ debarred thfi tIon wlth the widespread distribu
te accept the compromise as their pay, with  $50 w ««*•«?■■  elementary rights of citizenship.      "on of the paper, but the miners
break away from their organization and organize a company union. ' 	
The operators deny any connec-   Send In Your Subscription Today.
jmonstration of spiritual broth-
with themselves.
Patronize  Our  Advertisers
Stay at the
(T_ie Plaoe Called Home
[Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. «121
S00   Elegantly  Furnished
[1 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
ducted for food they had not eaten,
"The boss told the cook to spoil
the food by oversaving It, so that
we couldn't eat it and would be
forced to buy from the  commis-
„ _.„„!„j_,„j     T_.ir.oa  town have struck as the negotia-
sary," one man explained. ...prices »
for all articles were  two to five  t'°"s °f the M<*al Workers' Union
times their price in San Francisco,  with the employers in consequence
According to reports from Warsaw, all the metal workers of the
think <*tt strange that It appeared
at this time.
Striking Baggagemen
Persecuted By Police
NEW YORK—-(FP)—The strike
of New York transfer men against
It is claimed that moonshine was  of the rejection by the latter of the
sold to all comers at $5:4 Pint, and   50 per cent, wage increase demand- ^^ ^ ^ ^ Trana.
marihuana (a habit-forming drug  ed by the men.
used by Mexicans) at $7 a can.
Boys as young as 16 were employed, in violation of the federal Stevedoring and deck service la-
law which sets 18 as the minimum., bor iB feeling a shortage, due to
One young man dying of tubercu- the diversion of labor to the rub-
losis was refused medical aid both ber and  nut  crops;   while* higher
at the cannery and on board ship, wages  in   the  Brazilian   southern   A  Federnted   p,,ess  correspondent
A school tax of $5 was deducted states    have    caused     additional   gaw eJght detectives *fump oUt „f
from ench man's wages, though the changes in the placing of labor in   three po]._e oar_ _t 4Bth street and
fer companies continues one hundred per cent., so far as the regular baggage men are concerned,
but Yellow taxicabs ai-e carrying
trunks. Service is considerably
crippled, however.
Police are  persecuting strikers.
nearest school was 450 miles away.
The usual investigation is promised-
other lines.'
•TOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or $2.00 per week.
inada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Third avenue where a group of 10
strikers were standing. The police
frisked the strikers, finding nothing. President Martin Lacey of
the transfer men's union, declares
he will protest to the Police Com-
PITTSFIELD,    Mass. —(FP)■
Three thousand textile workers are
now affected by the strike against  missioner's office, if there ls a rep-
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For work or dress
a 10 per cent, wage cut.
itltlon of the oocurance.    He said
Strike    committees    have   been the strikers had  been remarkably
chosen   with   authority  to   confer peaceful   and   were   keeping   the
with emplovers and lay settlement transfer companies' 150 trucks tied
proposals before the workers. This up without resort to violence.
Is the first sizable revolt aeainst 	
the 10 per cent cut that swept New g0 thlii Is  the  paper you have
England woolen mills In latter July been wanting?    Prove it by sup-
and early August. porting it with  your subscription
  and those of your neighbors and
Petront.ee Our AiJvertleere. friends.
At all leading Shoe Stores.
*wa2_Mr- Page Four
Friday, September 11, 1925
&tUtonai ""pa^e
Addreee  All  Letters   qnd
Remittances to the Editor
iij* fltottatan fiabnr Aimorafr
1129 Howe Street, Vanconver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
T BUTTERFIELD, wbo retails
"• wisdom and advice, of questionable value, to readers of the
Daily Province, takes umbrage at
Trades Congress delegates because
they cheered on hearing that British Labor might stop tbe wheels
of industry if war was declared.
Butterfleld's fighting will be done
mostly on the keyboard of a typewriter, and not very effectively
even with Aat. He states that the
workers are the first to catch the
"military fever". Probably our observation may be superficial, bnt
we have noticed that war is generally declared.by certain gentlemen who lack the physical stamina
of doing fifteen minutes bard graft
at the bottom of a sewer ditch, or
the dexterity of swinging a pick..
• •   *
WORKERS  do not  "take"  the
" military feyer. They have it
drilled into them, and pen-pushers
of the Butterfield stamp are chief
among the drillers, gome of them
are even Impervious to the drilling process, and then our journalistic columnists lend their aid in
having them forced into the fighting. It is well that Canadian Labor should cheer at such heartening news. It shows that there are
at least some workers waking up.
Doubtless that fact ls a serious matter to those who write for publications like the Dnily Province. It
presages that they may have to
perform useful work. Butterfield
has good reasons, to feel peeved.
* • •
TTAROLD DOLLAR, manager of
■'■•*• old "Bob's" Chinese Interests,
is now espousing the cause of nn-
vlcled dictatorship. China, he says
wants a "strong man," meaning
one who will prevent the faotory
workers from striking against being treated like dogs, and working
for less than a living wage. He
is troubled because there are too
many soldiers in China, and that
they act like ordinary human mortals, by not aU fighting on the same
side. But what really troubles Dollar is trade, and the Chinese strike
nnd the boycott threatens to ruin
that. .Should a working class dictator arise, Dollar would be the
first to cry out against him.
* * •
pHINKSE soldiers, Dollar figures,
^ arc not modern-minded, so
Western capitalism has little to
fear from them. Perhaps not, but
they proved sufficiently modern to
beat the Japanese mill owners to
a standstill, make them pay an indemnity for their atrocities, and
recognize their unton. They also
succeeded in making even the
mighty John Bull bow the knee,
and concede at least part of their
demands. They have succeeded in
doing several things lately that
seems to Indicate Harold Dollar's
powers of observation are not particularly acute.
• «   «
DOYAJTTJ. is defined by the Van-
■*■*•  couver Snn as being "the salt
of state".    What should be done
with lt lf the salt loses Its savor?
NIAGRA FALLS, N. T.—Building trades laborers at Niagara Falls
went on strike for uniform wages
and recognition of their union, including a signed agreement. Six
additional building trades crafts
went out ln sympathy. The Department's representative reports
that the strike was oalled off ln
a few days on the old terms.
rpHE FEDERAL ELECTION is drawing near, and the sham
battle of words has commenced. Mackenzie King is growling across the lists at Arthur Meighen, and the latter is grunting back the same hoary refrain that has served his party for
the past fifty years. Meighen charges King with everything
from malpractice to common imbecility, and King replies in
kind. This constitutes the- only truth the working class of
Canada will be told during the election. Neither have anything to offer, nor would they offer anything if they had it.
Elections are not held for that purpose. The chief object is
to delude the workers into the thought that they are the ones
who decide. True, both sides have policies aplenty. They
have tariff policies, railway policies, senate reform policies,
and a hundred and one other nostrums equally unrelated to
the needs of the working class, all of which are proffered as
the one elixir that can save the country and the population
from perdition, in much the same manner that a quack doctor
beguiles the unsuspecting into buying his cure-all medicine.
• •       ■' •       . • •
MACKENZIE KING has done his four-year shift, and asks
to be returned because of his good record. What this
good record consists of is difficult to discover. During his
regime the farmers have sunk further in debt to the mortgage
companies. Unemployment is, if anything, worse than when
he took office. Wages are somewhat lower. Youthful immigrants have been enticed into the country by the luring propaganda of his government, and have met conditions that
caused some of them to commit suicide. Under his benign
rule the British Empire Steel Corporation announced its intention of starving into submission some twelve thousand
workers and their families if they refused to work for less
than a living wage. When the miners attempted to defend
themselves against armed thugs who had murdered one of
their comrades, his government rushed troops into the strike
area to beat them back into the mines. While he held court
in Ottawa, Jim MacLachlan was sentenced to the penitentiary
for telling the truth. One thing Mackenzie King has succeeded admirably in doing, is making the poor poorer and the
rich richer.   He has been a faithful servant to those who
own him.
• t • • '       •
ARTHUR MEIGHEN, auctioneer of "protection," has an
equally lovely record to offer the working class of Canada.
Jn the hectic days of the war he was one of those who assisted
in sending thousands of Canadian workers to Europe to shed
their life blood for the enrichment of Wall Street's financial
kings. He was an ardent advocate of conscription of human
life for war purposes, but unlimited protection for those who
reaped fortunes out of the carnage. He assisted in rushing
through the House of Commons legislation for the deportation without trial of those -who dared to fight for a living
wage. He was "Bob" Borden's right-hand man when under
that gentleman's august sway a number of workers were
arrested ami sent to jail for demanding collective bargaining,
and at the time when agents of the government—the Scarlet
Riders of the Plains—swooped down in the dead of night and
ransacked dozens of workers' homes in an effort to secure
evidence against those already arrested.
• "   • • t •
T ABOR has nothing to expect from either of these two babbling mental pigmies, who would be more in line with their
natural bent if they were operating peanut roasters. They are
but pawns in the hands of the money lords and rich manufacturers, who own the country and its vaunted natural resources.
They are not" concerned about the working class, except to
fleece them as expeditiously as possible. Those who toil in
forest and factory, field and-mine, need expect nothing save
what they have received in the past—kicks. They have thrown
overboard the eight-hour day, old-age pensions, and everything else that might in any way have ameliorated the lot of
the working class. This fact is not mentioned in their election
speeches, and for very good reason. Whether or not Labor
members may be able to 'achieve anything beneficial to their
class by participating in the parliament of their masters, they,
at least, can do no worse, and offer the possibility of doing
better. Election day is drawing near. See that your name is
on the voters' list, and when the day comes support the representative of your class. You have nothing to lose by so doing,
and everything to gain.
Book Review
Tim Buck, Toronto
A I/THOUGH thousands of books
are published every year, yet
seldom does one appear dealing
with such -a vital topic as the trade
union movement; and when such a
volume fides make an apearamce,
it frequently proves to be either
an empty superficial prolusion to
the subject, or else the studied
poison propaganda of an agent of
the master class.
Treatises on trade unionism in
Canada are conspicuous by their
absence. Little if any effort1 has
been made to analyzse and put in
everyday language the true facts of
the many problems confronting
organized labor in this country. A
need existed for a clear exposition
of the fundamental problems with
which Canadian workers are grappling. .This requirement has been
met by Comrade Tim Buck, of Toronto, in his booklet "Steps to Pow-
er," a booklet which, although not
as bulky as many of the cenotaphs
to twisted intellects that decorate
the bookstalls, contains a wealth
of facts, relating to Canada's industrial life, carefully arranged
and analyzed from the Marxian
Only those who have combed
through the uninviting pages of
government and company reports,
and records of various kinds can
appreciate the time and patience
the author must have expended
in collecting his material. Whether
it be facts of trade union history,
statements by labor officials, viewpoints and philosophies expounded by various organizations, oompany reports, or figures from government publications, if the writer required it to complete the picture he draws, or to prove the
point he wishes to make clear, he
pursued his quest until lt was secured.
These facts have been carefully
fitted into their proper plaoe by
tiie author, and on this firm rock
of realities he builds his arguments
and outlines his plan for the betterment of those who toll. Each
chapter deals comprehensively yet
compactly with the subject allotted to it.
No phase of the question ls omitted. Starting with a brief resume
of the beginnings of trade unionism, it t-pces the development of
this bulw/jfj^of the working class,
the ecoppffiic cause of certain
moves by, the- capitalists, and the
consequent defensive policies of the
workers, down to the problems
facing us today, and what we must
do to protect ourselves from those
who in thetr mad haste for plunder, would grind us in the dust.
Couched ln Clear cut language,
free from ostentatious oratory, and
flamboyant verbiage, this Uttle
book is a valuable contribution to
working elass thought. It is a
genuine Marxian product, not trom
the point of borrowed phrases so
common ln tills country, but in its
method of analysis. It is founded
on the rock of objective realities,
and from that firm foundation, by
inductive logic, the author points
to undeniable conclusions	
Tbe price is only fifteen cents,
and no student of working class
problems can afford to go without
reading It.—J. M. C.
Orpheum Notes
For outright beauty of produc-J
tion and artistic talent the sho*
coming to the Orpheum next week |
will long be remembered.
"Rosita" next week's headliner,|
is a gay Spanish musical travesty
in which Nena Viela plays the!
title, role, assisted by a large cast j
of artists and dancing girls. This]
production will be a revelation td
Vancouver in that It ls almost a]
road-show in Itself.
Harry Delf, another headliner isl
a former star of -New York shows. 1
Pasquali Brothers _are probably!
the cleverest hand-balancers on]
the American stage today and theirj
theatrical success has carried themf
all over the world. Nathane andl
Sully also offer some pretty num-J
bers ln melody and terpslchore.
Walsh and Ellis take the corn.J
edy honores in a presentation that!
ls full of laughs and snappy lines.]
 • —Advt.l
The only good laws passed ln the]
last three or four hunderd years]
have been laws that repealed other]
laws.—Buckle (1821-62).
—Meeti leeond Mondty ln the montk.
Pretident, J. R. White; leerettry, R..I"
Neeltndi.    P. 0. Bo*. 118.	
111, 819 Pender fit. Weit. Bnilneii
meeting! lit tnd 8rd Wedneidty even**)
Infi. R. H. Neeltndi, Ohtlrmtn: E. H.l
Morriion, See.-Treti.; Angus Maelnnlij
854*1 Prlnee Edwtrd Street, Vancouver*
B.C., Oorreiponding Secretary. _ A
Any district in Britiih -Columbia ie*.
airing Information re lecnring epeakern
or the formttlon of loctl hrtnehea, Vlnd-J
It communicate with Provincial Secre*!
tary 3. Lyla Telford, 524 Birki Bldf.,1
Vaneouvar, B.C. Telephone Seymour]
1888, or Bay-flew 8880.	
Meeti leeond Thunday erery montk
In Holden Building. Preildent, J. BrlihH
well; financial iecretary. H. A. Boi-P
ron, 781 18th Ato. Eaat.	
28—Meets first and third Fridays l_
the month at 145 Hastlnrs W., at
p.m. President, R. K. Brown, 252J
CharleB   St.;   secretary-treasurer,   Georg
Hnrrlson,   1182 Parker St.	
—Local 882—Meets every Wednesday]
at 8 p.m., Room 806. Holdan Building
President, Charles Price; business agenl
and financial lecretiry, P. L. Hnnt; rt*J
cording iecretary, 3. T, Venn.
UNION, L"cal 145. A. F. of M.-
Meets In G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour an*
Pender Streetl, sec-nd Snnday tt 1*9
t.m. President, E. C. Miller, 091 NeU
son street; secrettry, E. A. Jamleson
991 Nelion itreet; financial secretary
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; oil
panltar,  F.  Fletcher,  991 Ne'snn  >t.eel|
UNION    OF    CANADA—Headquarter*
at  Rooms 5,  6  tnd  7.   Flack  Bnt'dlng]
188 Haatinn Street W.. Vanc-nver. B.OI
Tel. Ray. 8898. President. Robert Thomf
Vice-President,   Dtrld   Gillespie;   8ee'yi
Treaiurer, Wm. H. Dontldaon.   Victoria
Braneh,  Room   11; Green  Block,   Broad
Btreet, Vlctorit, B.O.   Phone^ 1908.  '__
Preiident.  R. P. Pettlplece;  ylee-preal
Ident,   0.   F.   Campbell;  eeeretary-treaii
urer,   R.   H.   Neelanda,   P.O.   Box   8<T
Meeti lait  Sunday of each month at
p.m. In Holden Bulldlnf. 18 Hastinp '
UNION,   No.   418—Preildent,   S.   *
Maedonald;   secretary-treasurer,   J.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   889.     Meets   ll
Thnrsday of each month.	
Caber AfrttnraU]
Wttk Which It Incorporated
■y tt< Ubor PnhliihlBg Oa.
lMiitM  Wd Mitoritl  OfflM,
1181 Howe St. ■___,.
Be thou the first true merit to
His praise ls lost who stays till all
The Canadian Labor Advocate la a non-1
ftotlontl weakly nowaptper, giving newa]
of the firmer-labor movement In action/
Subscription. Rttaai United Statu an*1
foreign, 1180 far year; Canada, M
par year, $1 fer alx -Mattel lonaleni
aubacrtbtog li a b-J%, Ha pa Mtrn'
bar par  month.
Member Th* Pedarsted Praia tad  Th*|
Britiih Uhar frail
Stnd In Yoar Subacriptlw Today
__________ may, September 11, 1925
Page Five
Muzzling the Pulpit
Miners' Daughters Get
$6 Per Week in Mills
Don't Fail To Read—
their daughters are being paid $6
to $13 a week in the silk mills in
ZI the viciinty of Scranton. Even this
represents an increase of 12 1-2
per cent, over a month ago. Then
a strike of one week brought out
1500 of the child workers—but
few of whom are over  16. Their
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press Industrial Editor) .; B            Federated
3W great wealth rivets its con-  aid from the society or intending to preg8.
trol on the public soul and ask aid from the society shall take
Jrcdence ls revealed ln the will steps TO SECURE A MINISTER SCBANT0N'    Pa—while    the
[victor P. Lawson, deceased ow-  without the advice and consent of hard coal mlners are layin* dow"
of the  Chicago Dally News,  the board of directors" their tools for a llvinB "age and
Iwson leaves a $1,800,000 share      Iii addition to subsidies the so- decent   ™-*<*M°™   in   the   mines,
Ibis estate to the Chicago Con- Vety has hung $122,000 in mort*
|;gatlonaI Missionary & Extension gages round the necks of churches
slety.      Investigation    discloses   in. their  building   programs.
S»t this pious name, conceals a  holds title itself to 16 churches or
lldlng-company   exercising   con-  parish houses.
pi    over    scores    of    churches To Save Capitalism
fc00? iltBr ^rtaU°n °f thC    The job of the 0(flce and dlrep-
ruesiastlca feed ag. tora ig „to convert tlle machinery demands were for a 25 per cent.
[Lawson's will further provides and resources of the society into increase, but arbitration by th.
lit the society devote the income an aotlve agency tor the christian- conciliation department of Perm-
fom $300,000 of this $1,300,000 lzlng of the maasea of this city.'' sylvania led to the compromise.
Ind to the New England Congre- Working class sections get chief A new local of the United Textile
[.tlonal church of Chicago, but attention. And "the strongest and Workers arose out of the walk-
fly "so long as, ln the judgment most impeiung reason" for this out, composed of 300 to 400 new
| a majority of the trustees of said v;ork| according to the society's members. It is seeking more
liicago Congregational Missionary re,p()rti jg because "the security and members for a further fight.
1 Extension society, such payment peace of jndlviduaiB ana the fam- These facts were given" to The
fall be a wise use of the money." ny> the safety and,.perpetuity,of Federated Press by Arthur Mac-
"A Business Body" institutions cannot.rest ultimately Donald, organizer for the United
^Recently the minister of . this upon the pro.ec.ion_ of the police Textile Workers. "The wages paid
lurch let some members of a and the courts, nor upon education In the valley around. Scranton are
laical labor organization use the and business prosperity.". The ob- the lowest in the silk industry in
f-emises. He is no longer its min- ject of the society is evidently to the United States," he said. "The
iter. Lawson has provided that save the existing social order. B*riB feel that they must supple-
J this church won't be good in the No member of a church accept- ment the wages of their fathers,
nture It will forfeit $15,000 income Ing the society's doles can sit on which are not enough to support
jyear.                                                   the board of directors.    In other the families."
J "The    Chicago    Congregational words these kept churches have no 	
jlssionary    Extension society is a  civic status in the councils of their Russian Trade El_VOV
■inservative business organization  masters,   just   as   their   spiritual ,
Ihose  affairs are  directed  by a  leaders are subject to the veto of Lauded By American
loup of substantial business and  the society's purse strings. 	
Pofesslonal men  of the Chicago      Small chance of a minister get- NEW TORK—(FP)—The busi-
fea," the society proclaims in its   ting   a  pulpit   if  he   believes   in ness relations now existing between
Bnd annual report (1925).    This  preaching that the.man Jesus rep- American  Interests and  the Rus-
Inservative business body, which  resented poor and outcast workers sian  government are  due largely
Iceives   Lawson's  largest  legacy,  against the oppression of wealth, to the skillful leadership of Isaiah
Itends its tentacles far beyond the                 — —; *  J. Hoorgin, late chairman of the
Ingle   church   designated   in  the ^SPONTANEOUS  STRIKE board of directors of the Amtorg
p_l. 'Last yeatult -gave .caah to. 43            OP RADIATOR WORKERS Trading Corporation, Russian pur-
kurches.   The power of the soe?-      BATONNE,     N.J. (FP) Over chasing agent in America.   So says
fy's board of directors over such   100 Qf the 600 workers employed a statement by Amtorg following
lurches is. described in its consti-  ,n the Bayonne piant of the Am- Hoorgin's death by drowning. The
felon as follows:                                eri'can Radiator Co.;  are  striking loss °f Hoorgin will be keenly felt,
Control of Preachers              for an 8-hour day and increased say »ls associates,   but the work
[•'Absolute power rests with lt to  hourly pay.   Strikers are trying to he engineered will go on success-
knt or withhold aid in the case  win  other  workers  to  the   fight, fully    The trade turnover between
any church or mission.   It pos-  There is no union among the work- he Uni ed States and Russia dur-
sses power to advise churches as  ers.   The company officials do not ng the last 15 months of Hoorgn's
problems of federation or union  recognize the strike but extra pol- leadership  amounted  to   $50,000,-
|lth other churches, their removal  Ice areon duty to watch pickets.
other locations or the sale  of
000. The ashes of Hoorgin and Ef-
ralm  M.  Sklansky,  drowned with
eir property. No church receiving      Say you saw it advertised in the   him,  will be sent to relatives in
°"   I**"**        " mu __.__.____.it TOiioaia
jsig Financiers Aided
By League of Nations
|?y Leland Olds, Federated Press)
i Women    workers    in    Austrian
jlustries are paid as low as 6.7c
|jr hour, while the highest wage
Ijr skilled male labor is just over
loc,   according   to   a   report   on
Austrian   wage   trends  issued   by
he U.S. department of commerce.
\_e   report   shows   how   interna-
onal   capital   is   exploiting   the
^age    earners   of   a   conquered
ountry   under   the   receiver   ap-
lolnted by the ..league of nations
| the interest of the big flnan-
J The figures in this report give
free to British governriient data
■lowing the purchasing power of
lages  in  Austria  as  about one-
|alf British wages and less than
no-fourth that in the American
forth Atlantic states.
}ln  all  except the building  in-
ustry  Austrian  wages  fall   con-
Iderably short of meeting the in-
teased cost of living since 1914.
ts a result thousands of worker
amilles have been forced to lower
Iheir standard of living.   The cost
If living ls about 31  per  cent.
[hove   pre-war,   but   the   hourly
vages   in   the  chemical   Industry
(ere up only 19 per cent., wages
In the metal trades 27 per cent.,
lind In the leather trades 10 per
•nt Since regular working hours
ave been shortened as much as
(LO per cent., actual weekly earnings fall more than 10 per cent.
|ihort  ot meeting pre-war  stand-
rflB( .-,.*
CHANGHAI, China—Isolated hy
the shrewdness of Chinese diplomacy which has played one Imperialist!, power against another,,
flrst separating America from Japan nnd British interests, then
forcing Japan to settle her end of
the Shanghai strike and leave
Great Britain to fight alone, the
British in Shanghai have finally
been forced to surrender, forego
their arrogance and yield at least
partially to the demands of the
At a mass meeting of the Shanghai British chamber of commerce
and the China Association (alien in
composition) the British voted unanimously to abandon their former
stiff-necked attitude, to favor the
full terms of the Washington conference (which is a wily trick of
American imperialism rather than
ahy help to China, it must be said)
yielding the mixed court to Chinese
control and Chinese representation
ln the Shanghai municipal counoll.
It is to be noted that the Chinese
unions are talcing up the strike
weapon they* have learned to use
against the Japanese and British,
and are now demanding and forcing the Chinese owned industries
and establishment to grant wage
increases similar, to those the foreign imperialists were compelled
to grant.
The strikers are-demanding: 1.
Recognition of th* existing trade
unions without waiting for the
promulgation of the necessary law
for this purpose. 2. Immediate
payment of $1.00,000 as payment
for the strike days. 3. Immediate
payment of $10,000 as compensation to the relatives of those killed
and wounded by Chinese soldiers
and police during the strike. At
the same time the trade union
council demands from the government that it pass a law embodying
the demands of the workers.
Three labor newspapers have
been prohibited from publishing,
and an order has been issued that
all papers must deposit a bail of
$1,000. This means the end of he
workers press.
The strike agalnBt the British
mills and shipping still continues,
and the capitulation of the British
has yet to be put into effect there,
but even this is over-shadowed ly
the ■ persistent effort of the unions
to force the nativo mill owners to
grant the wage raises the unions
have already forced out of the
alien owners.
WEBSTER, Mass.—-CFP)—-The
600 workers of A. J. Bates shoe
factory are on strike against 10%
wage cuts. Piece workers are affected by the reduction, the second in two months. Pay was lowered 6% previously. About 100
day workers did not walk out,
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$155 Page Six
Friday, September 11, 1925
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Fascists Sink Fangs
Into Italian Seamen
Notes From the Camps
Capilano Timber Co.
Camp E
able to workers, who are accused
by the boss and his paid spokesmen of deliberately setting fire ln
order to find employment (at
About   two   hundred   men   are cents per hour) fighting fire. The
GENOA—(FP)—The struggle, of
the   Italian   seamen   against   the
shipowners and  their Fascist allies receives a severe  setback in
. the handing over of the seamen's
The S. S.  Canadian Highlander      The S. S. "Canadian Coaster, of  union headquarters in Genoa, the
arrived  in  Vancouver  on  Friday,  the C.  G.  M. M. Ltd., arrived at  Property of the union, to the local  employed here, a two-side camp,  fact   that   the   government   ooin-
September 4th.   The vessel signed  Vancouver on Wednesday Septem-  -fascisti, who in joint action with  The living quarters are bad, That scripts   men   for  this  work,   and*
a crew of seamen and firemen on  ber 9th, after a trip of over three  the shipowners have formed what  ancient institution, the top bunk,  jails   those   who   refuse   Ib   proof
May 20, 1925.   The crew complain  weeks, touching the ports of Nana-  they call a Fascist Seamen's feder-  is still ip vogue here, consequent-  that   workers  do  not   start   fires1
that the conditions that they had   Imo,   Ocean  Falls,  San  Francisco  atlon-  The consequences will prob-  ly the camps are overcrowded and  with   the   object   of   getting   em-
to endure during the voyage were  and San Pedro. During this short  ab-y be that <*he old Italian Sea-  need ventilation.    This is one  of Ployment.
abominable, although -it is stated voyage the men were given putrid   men's  federation  will   shortly be the   few   logging   camps   on   the      For many years past, during the
there did not seem to be a short-  food and the deck crew were com-  dissolved and all Its property, in-  coast   where  the   upper  berth   is dry season, some of the most de-
age of food, a very usual occur-   pelled to work cargo (coal) all day  eluding the five steamers of the  used. structlve   and   widespread   forest
rence aboard almost every vessel  and   received   no   overtime   until   Garibaldi   Co-operative,   consigned      The sanitary conditions are fair,  Ares  have  burned   over  immense^
of     the     Canadian     Government  eight hours had been worked. This  to the Fascist leaders of the newly-   enforced   by  the  authorities,   not  areas of felled and standing tim-
Merchant Marine.   What was serv-  ** not ship's work.   The men hired   formed    company    union,    which  because   of   any   regard   for   the  ber,  and  during  the  years when
ed, however, was not in a fit state  at the wharf generall receive one  means,   practically  speaking,   into  health of the men employed, but  labor as a whole  was  fully em-<
for the crew to eat.   The cook was  dollar an hour for their work. The  the hands of the shipowners.            in order to protect from contam-  Ployed   at   comparatively   higher
blamed  for  this state  of affairs.   C. G. M. M. as usual threaten the      This  action of the government  Ination the water supplied to the  wages than is paid at the prese-nt
He left the ship at Liverpool, Eng-  men that  they must  obey or  be  comes after a long struggle to sub-  city of Vancouver.                              time in the  logging  Industry,   or
land, and was replaced by another  logged.    The disgraceful tactics of  due the stubborn resistance* of the      There is ,no such thing as the  any other Industry.    Forest fires
cook who seemed to give a little  this company is worse than that  Italian seamen and to break their  eight-hour   day   in   the    logging  have a peculiar tendency to break
handed out to Chinese seamen by  union.   According to the press, the  camps at the present time, twelve  out   in   territory   near   to   where
occupation of the seamen's head-  hours   being   the   average   day's logging operations are carried on,
quarters recently by the police took  work*   There can not be an eight-  and   not   in   those   parts   of   the
place to prevent the fascisti from   hour day until the loggers organ-  country where little, if any,  log-
occupying it themselves.    But the lze   and   enforce  the   demand   of  ging is done.
-       ______ , ...        Hved herp ,„_t WprtnBHflav nlE.ht   seamen's union was deprived of its  an eight-hour day, camp to camp,      The   logging   operators  are   re-
*W,***^I?m.* IT Sis is tL sLThartfe foT«; headquarters in February, 1923, and, taking into consideration the sponsible for the wholesale de-
off,   which  was  not  given     The.™* is the £lD »™ the former Co.0perative Shlppi„g  production .of  the   workers,   a,pd  struction of timber by forest fires
men state-they were^ threatened ™m^ °f £«™Q'Sll^Sd society (Garibaldi) was also placed the accumulation of stocks in recurring from year to year, not-
with being logged two days pay for °rsUn°"' ™"™' °^ " under the control of a government this industry, the eight-hour day withstanding the yapping of all
every one that they might be ab-  a meeting to be called for in ref-   ^^^^ B ls far t00 long> the daily liars published In Van-
bit better satisfaction.
Working conditlbns were simply employers  in  the  Flowery  King-
rotten.    The men were compelled om"
to work overtime in nearly every The first of the "Empress Ships"
port that the "Highlander" touch- to have strikebreakers aboard ar
sent from the ship.   The Deck de-   erence to whlte seamen taking the   commissioner,
partment was worked a" little bit  Places  of  striking  Chinese.    The
Conditions and hours of labor couver. There are abundant signs
throughout the lumber industry ln that the people of the province of
Canada    are    rapidly    becoming British   Columbia   are   beginning
different.   The seamen were work- meeting decided that the Empress yf^ Profiteers To
ed  hours  similar to the days of shiPs were unfair.   Tommy O'Nell worse|   an(}   g_ouni   gained   has to recognize the truth of the fore-1
Lord  Nelson's  time,   4  hours on agreed to abide by the decision of Hear V lCtMlS    I eilS been ' lost    slmply    because    the eoing   statements   regarding   the
duty and 4 hours off duty, when the Union  but  refused.    He  was workers   have   not   maintained   a origin of forest fires,
the vessel was at sea. Imagine men therefore, dropped from the mem- WASHINGTON—(FP)—Protests strong  organization  to  resist  the      Some  Individuals have  profited
working hard for 4 hours and then hership of The Federated Seafar- by rich owners o country estates attack's on their standard  of liv- in the fast by starting a fire, and
consider how little ti_ne they get  ers' Union of Canada,
out of the four hours off for rest,
around   Northport,   Long   Island,  ing-    These   'conditions    can    be  when it got out of their control
against construction of a 1,000-bed  changed only by the lumber work-  diverted    suspicion    from    them-
The men who go on watch on the      Tbe crew of the g  s  .*CanadIan  hospital for shell-shocked soldiers  ers in camp and ml„ taking the  selves   by   turning   in   an   alarm.
deck department are called half an   nh-.«.vor» nn  thB w vnMM tn  of the late war nave been over- initiative    in    reorganizing    their The two alarm boxes, one on'Pen-
unserver,    on  me last   .o.agc        .,ul(,a by the federa- board of hog.  ^^ ^ & ntMmal ,front) gemg der west, and the other on Hast-
pitallzatlon.   These tragic invalids, the  aotlve  support  of  the  Ca^a-  ings West, viz.: The Sun and The*
shrieking at the horrors they can- dlan   labor  movementl   organizing  Province, have be*,n used by the
not  forget,   will  be  housed  in  a the  industry with  regard  to  the  lossh.g operators to broadcast the
$3,000,000  building in the neigh- speolal conditions existing in eaoh   "information"   that   the   workers
borhood of some of the men whose jocattyi,   and   at   the   same   time  are  the  ones  who are  guilty  of
/.*     xr. 1,1    ,._.. „„„„iof„fl ne k a      „       .            ,       *,              _   * ..   fortunes were made, or were mul provld,ng   for   highly   centralized  causing forest fires,  and not the
adian Highlander consisted of 5 A.  a„y got peeved, and remonstrated  tlplied>  whlle the slaughter went LministLiVe machinery                   logging   operators     They  are   so
B.'b  nnfi hnatswain. two deck bovs.   with him l-i ii vnlnhlt n»nni.r     Ao aunumsirauve macmnery.                    _ue_i«i*s   vj»o»o,vu«o.      i*.*.*.*    *.*   *w
on. The workers i,n the lumber in- 'considerate    of    the    timber    re-
dustry,  irrespective of their poll- sources of the country, those for-
hour before they are wanted, so as gan FrancisC0i have sent us a let
to be sure they are fully awake. t.r stflHnB. that two nf tha fir-am mi   *"  '_.
te,r stating tnat two oi tne tiremen  Bhrieking at the horrors they can
These men are over worked ow- had  occasion  to  go to  the  chief
ing to the small number of men steward for an esftra piece of but-
employed   on  C.   G.   M.   M.  ships, ter, which the steward refused in
The crew on deck of the S. S. Can- SUch a manner that the men natur-
B.'s, one boatswain, two deck boys, with him in a voluble manner.   As
who are expected to do the work a result the men were logged two
of A. B.'s,  one ordinary seaman, day's pay, and one day's pay re-
and one aprentice.    The register- spectively.   This for simply asking
In the list of Strikebreakers pub- tical convictions and theoretical eigners, that they would not even
ed tonnage of the vessel is 3260, so for a, piece of butter. The captain "shed in last issue of the "Advo- ideas on organizing the lumber think of taking a chance on burn-
it can be easily understood that the stated in the log that it was Vcaus- cate," who have filled tho places industry, should come together on ing up the forests unless there
men have "no cinch" aboard ships   ing a disturbance".
like the "Canadian Highlander".
Patronize Our Advertisers.
76 Hastings East
Ute   54th  Batt.  and  72nd Batt.
The daily press has publicly stated that the Chinese crew of the S.
S. City of Victoria, who were put
in jail for refusing to work, were
acting according to instructions received from the Chinese who were
instituting a boycott in China. The
real facts of the matter are that
the Chinese had arranged when
they  signed   the   articles   oh   the
S. "Celtic" of Vancouver.
C; Hewitt, H. C; Horn; Jo, Henry;
"City of Victoria," that a certain  Joneg R  N.. Klssocki J-; Hesketh,
sum of money should be sent to  J; Kno>,   A; Mahoneyi G-.  Mac.
their families in China.   This part
of the agreement was not fulfilled  Wm ,   Patt|son
of striking Chinese, one name was this basis, and with a little energy were profits in sight,
given as H Bird. This should and initiative the thing can be Scattered throughout the prov-
have read H Hird, who recently done—at least a solid foundation lnce of British Columbia, are flre
worked on the small freighter S.  can be laid for future building.      ala«™  bearing the  words,  "Save
The first objective must be to the Forests, It Pays." The de-
obtalu a standard of living that struction of the forests is paying,
will stand comparison with the and paying big. Those who are
standard of the workers in other disposed to doubt it can take a
industries that are not of such triP into the logging country.
Importance as the  lumber  Indus- MEMBER L.W.I.U. OF
try.    Yon are rot receiving it to- CANADA.
It   requires   only   fifty   lumber      WOONSOCKET.  R.  I.—(FP)—
workers with a definite objective,  Some  2<">«  workers employed at
and  a  common  program,  to  or- the Alice mill in Woonsocket and
ganize the  most  exploited  of all  the Millville, Mass., plant of Woon-
kay,  J.;   McDonald,  J.;   Osborne, Canadlan    worj_ers—the     lumber  socket  Rubber  Co.,   are   notified
Mail at the Headquarters, September 9th, 1925.
Bell, A. G.; Beckett, H.; Cox, A.;
Carr, Wm.; Evans, L. F.; Gillespie,
D.; Gallacher, P.; Gerachy, J.;
Goosey, G.; Harris, C; Henderson,
rail, Wm.; Worrell, J.
according to the latest reports. The  wllUam8>  A_.  wnlIams,  j.;  Wor
Chinamen   were,   therefore,   quite
justified ln refusing to go to the
ship.    We  feel  that  the  Chinese
have been let down in this case.
Subscribe to Thc Advocate
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Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
E.;   Thean.JW;  workeri;     Let    „s    marshai    our  that the 5-day work  week  is  in
forces   from   North,   South,   East  £oroe and wage reductions with lt.
and  West.    When the conditions  MlllB  have  been  operating three
The following letters have been are favorable, let us follow it up  and four day a week,
returned to the sender or the Dead  by a declaration of war.   Let our
Letter   Office:     Ericksen,   C.   J.;  defensive forces take an offensive
Fisher, H. J.; Morgan, D.; Thomas,  course. It can be done! Let's go.
J.    One  letter  forwarded  to  the                   A LUMBER WORKER.
Whaling Station for Eric Jensen. 	
Send ln Tour Subscription Today.
Red Star Drug Store
_■ —*__■______.—a3Mi^^aM---m—^ ■■ ■■■■!   ■■—^—
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Mak* a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Yonr Order
Oorner Cordovs and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Sorrlet for Ropiin
AU Work Owna-Md
»r*«>l»* Atttntlon to Mill Ordon
H. Harvey
Kitsbllikol In Vuaonvor In HIT I
B. C. Forest Fires and
Vancouver Alarm Boxes
Capilano Timber Co.,
North Vancouver.
Editor Labor Advocate: This
camp is situated three-quarters of
a mile above the intake, on the
Capilano ; River, which gives to
the city of Vancouver Its water
Recently • ■ a great- • -forest' ■ lire-'
burn**-.*, over: a large--area -of
standing timber In the valley; and
the tiBitatt-.-tafcto^OTer-hy the olty
of Vancouver, standing ip the path
of the flames, was • ■ entirely destroyed;:. .    , ,
Some?-.f lre*._are .caused. hy care-;
leesnMs on the part _of canrners;
some are . the effects* of natural:
causeai a. large percentage are
caused through logging operations;   but very few  are charge-
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular. prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Oor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B.O. ^Friday, September il, 1925
Pag* Seven
(Britain Main Prop of
Seeond International
(Federated Press.)
' LONDON.—An affiliated membership of 6,500,000 ln 30 countries was represented at the Becond congress of the Labor and
Socialist (Second) International
meeting at Marseilles August 22-
27. Nearly half of the affiliated
membership ls supplied by the
British Labor* party and Independent Labor party, and 40 per
cent, of the International's income
comes from Britain. In view of
.this, it is curious that so much
of the report of the secretarat
was devoted to attacks on Russia, with whose trade union movement British labor has established
the most friendly relations. The
'report discloses that the -international "gravely protested" against
the attitude of the British trade
union delegation in Russia, and
critioized the campaign for international trade union unity.
Relief Society Sends
Delegation to Russia
It is robbery and waste on the
part of the minority which keeps
the majority poor.—Wm. Morris.
SEALED  TENDERS, addressed  to  the
undersigned, will be received by the
oounoil up to 8 o'clock p.m, on Friday,
September   18th,   1925,   for   laying   the
following sewers:
.      On  Beach   Street   from   53rd   Avenue
■-northerly for a distance of 1200 feet.
On Lime Street from 51st Avenue to
49th Avenue.
0,1 61st Avenue from Lime Street to
Arbutus Street,
Form of tender, specifications and
full information may bo obtained on
application to the Municipal Engineer
on payment of the sum of $5.00, which
will be returned on receipt ot a bona
fide tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten
(10) per cent, of the amount tendered
will be required with each tender as
security that the tenderer will, if called
upon, enter into a contract and provide
the required bond for the performance
of the work,
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Municipal   Hall,   5851   West   Boulevard,
Vancouver, B.C.,  September 9,   1925.
Bosses' Plan Exposed
By Liberal Economist
"The deliberate intensification
of unemployment."
This is programme which the
British capitalist class has laid
out to be followed until parity
between British and American
money prices has been reached,
according to the pamphlet, "The
Economic Consequences of Mr.
Churchill," just issued by the Hogarth Press.
The author is no "bloody Bol-
shie," but the very respectable J.
M. Keynes of Bloomsbury, Liberal
party propagandist, part owner of
the Liberal weekly, The Nation,
and famed in West End parlors
as an economist,
Mr. Keynes's argument is, in
effect, that since Mr. Churchill,
British chancellor, has raised the
exchange price of sterling by lu
per cent., the Industrial magnates,
including tbe coal owners, who
now find themselves at a 10 per
ceflit. disadvantage in the foreign
markets, intend to take that 10
per cent, out of the hides of the
workers for the purpose of "evening up."
The pamphlet points out that
industry (industrial capital) is now
at the mercy of the bankers (finance capital), who, through their
control of credit, are resolved on
the deflation of the price of all
commodities, which includes, of
course, labor.
Mr. Keynes's economics are naturally liberal—that is, they tend
to favor the old-style individualist
manufacturers—but his exposure
is sufficiently cold-blooded to afford convincing proof that British
workers must not only unite to
hold their present ground, but to
abolish a system which has reached the limit in waste, chaos and
merciless  brutality.
British Workers Plan
International Boycott
Of Sweat Shop Goods
LONDON.—Headed by Duncan
Carmiohael, seeretary of the London Trades Council, a deputation
from the British section of the
Workers' International relief has
left London for Soviet Russia.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ They are going to report on the
—— children's   homes and  the   econ-
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)  omic   enterprises   undertaken   by
Domination   of   the   newspaper the   W.I.R.   during   the   Russian
Huge Press Combine
Yokes Workers' Minds
To Capitalist Ideas
"Press Should Dominate"
the districts we have 'adopted.'
Try Prayer, American
Politician Advises the
British Communists
SEALED TENDERS,  addressed  to the
undersigned, will be received by the
council up to 8 o'clock, p.m. on Friday,
September   18,   1925, for laying Marine
. Drive' Trunk   and   Magee   Area   relief
sewer, requiring:
1542 feet 48-inch concrete sewer
1447 feet 42-inch concrete sewer
- 1757 feet 36-inch concrete sewer
797 feet 30-inch concrete sewer*
1734 feet 18-inch vitrified pipe
Form of tender, specifications and full
information may be obtained on application to the Municipal Engineer on payment of the sum of $10.00, which will
be returned on receipt of & bona  fide
A deposit by certified cheque of ten
(10) per cent, of the amount tendered
will be required with eaoh tender as
security that the tenderer will, if called
upon, enter into a contract and provide
i the required bond for the performance
of the work.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Municipal   HaU,, 5851   West   Boulevard,
Vancouver, B.C., September 8, 1925.
NEW YORK—(FP)—New York
state could have saved $2,000,000 if
Mrs, Florence Knapp, secretary of
state, had placed the order for
voting machines with the Cummlngs Vote Register Co,, of Crown
Point, Ind., a union shop, instead
of with United States Automatic
Registering Co., ot Jamestown, N.
Y„ Hugh Frayne, American Federation of Labor organizer charges.
He is bringing the matter to the
attention of the state federation
of labor convention. The New
York factory is open shop.
(By Len De Caux, Federated Press)
LONDON.—The boycott by *1_t^^^^^^-^^^——-^^^^^^^^^^-^^^^^—l_—-—
ternatlonal action of. goods pro- industry by big capitalists as a famine, a,pd expect to be away
duced under unfair labor condi- force tending to block the peace- £or a month,
tions Is recommended by a special ful progress of democratic insti- "The W.I.R. has been criticized
British Labor party committee set tutions toward a new social order by some people," said Mr. Car-
up to investigate the problem of is nowhere more obvious than in michael, "because we sent out
sweat shop imports. The report England lh the present crisis, tools for the adult workers to
provides a definite Labor party Three multi-millionaires control help them restore the districts of
alternative to the protectionism most of the great papers of Brit- Samara and Saratoff. Mr. Rhys
of the ories and the free trade bf ain, Rothermere, Beaverbrook and Davies, M.P., has made a special
the Liberals. On tariff questions Berry wield a power over public Point of attacking us. Why?
there has been division in the La- opinion capable of undermining Simply because we do not confine
bor ranks, as shown in the vote ip _ few weeks the results of ourselves to relief of the mere
on imperial preference,  when 20 years of patient education. soup kitchen kind.
Labor members of parliament The overthrow of the Labor "However, we are going out to
voted with the government tnsup- governMe„t and the manufacture make the Investigation, and when
port of tariff preferences for the of a huge conservative majority we return we hope to be able to
dominions on dried fruits, tobacco in parliament through broadcast- make an appeal. *° B,rlUsh w°?k-
and wine, while the majority of ing the forged zln0viev letter, Is ers to helD *urtb-e,; *» Priding
the party voted with the free an ,nstanoe of this power to block tools for the Russian workers in
traders.   Some favored preference  polltlcal development. """    «*--■-—. -.*-*    - ~
on  this  occasion  on  the  ground
that it would discriminate against
the sweated goods from Smyrna "Both Rothermere and Beaver-
and elsewhere that competed with brook-" **»* tne London corres-
fatr dominion products. ponde,nt of the Wall Street Jour-
. _    .   „      „      *.,     _. nal, "believe that the press should      ___________________________________________________________________________________
Protection Repudiated  • ,*■■«"_ „        , 1 „ „  „,
dominate parliament. They meas-
The report emphatically repudi- ure their 8UCcess, as Northcliffe (By Len De Caux, Federated Press)
ates protection, and at the same dld> by thelr power to make or LONDON—U. S. Secretary of
time  rejects  the  doctrinaire free break gove_nments." Labor  James  J.  Da'vis   has   been
trade of the Liberals, concentra- Rothermere inherited North-' astonishing the natives in his old
ting its attention upon banning cllffe.s crown> but ^ he prel!era home town q£ Tredegari WaleB>
sweated goods, which it defines ,lvlng peacefuliy on his enormous and some of the natives have been
as those produced under "any unearned income, he has sol<J astonishing James J. Moscow
conditions of employment, wheth- some of his papers to ^ other must haye glyen orderf) tQ U8e hlg
er  wages,  hours or  working ar- newSpaper  kings  at  a handsome vtelt   t0   radlcal  &outh   Wales  to
rangements   which are inferior to profit,     His   chie£   paper   ls   the ^^  h*m  tQ Con.munl8mi  for
those   established   by   agreement Dally  Malli   whlch   circulates   1,- Davis himself relates to a London •
between   trade   unions   and   em-   700(0oo copies a day. paper  the story of a sinister at-
ployers.      Its immediate proposal           BrltaMa Polltlcai Boss tempt to acquaint him with revo-
is "that each country should un-                                                        „ ,„„„„„„„ .u_.„„„
dertake to boycott goods produced *    "Beaverbrook,"   says  The  Wall lut onary theo y
in countries where the terms of ~ *™™* correspondent,  "is n my uncles house in Trede-
the Washington 8-hour convention *<*   a  i™™*'*   s°   much  as  a J"?'    **  "***   *  ™J  £*  T
and subsequently such other con-  diplomatist.    He is a manipulator into'  a  U tie  room  and  shut the
ventions  as  mav  be  aereed  unon   of men and situations.    It was he door.    I thought he was going to
were hot to Oration*                      who  overthrew  the  Asquith  gov- tell   me   something  private.     But
t Mi   _™ i                       ernment  in   1916   and   set  Lloyd ne  started   to talk  Communism."
India s Opinion                   George up as prime minister. He Davis,   It  appears,  did  ,not  make
This   new  Labor   plan   is   wel-  [S aiways pulling the strings be- the  sign  of the  dollar  and say,
corned  by  K,  S.  Bhat,   president hlnd  the  SCenes."    ^Beaverbrook's "Get thee behind me, Bolshevik."
Workers' Welfare League of India,   chief paper is the Daily Express. He  did  not  even,  from  force  of
who criticizes, however, the defl-      Berry, the other member of the habit, order the man deported. He
nition of sweated goods.  He says  newspaper   triumverate,   owns   10 *lust — but    these    are    his    own
there  are  no legalized trade  un-  daiiies, 5 Sunday papers a-pd about words:
ions   (in India)  and consequently  210  weeklies and  monthlies.    He "-1   *uat   said   to   him,    'Young
no agreements to set a standard  has the backing of the Rhondda raan- kneel down by your bedside
in  the   cotton  industry  in  India,  coai millions. tonight, along with your wife and
but the workers are sweated, all          Fmj p__,gs Non_Exjstent children, and thank  God  for the
the same.    "At present," he says,                                          ' British  constitution.    Communism
This dictatorship of a small majority, through ability to manufacture majority sentiment at will,
"the Bombay cotton owners are
reducing their already sweated
worker wages by 11 1-2 per cent.
In*a few weeks over 100,000 cotton    workers    will    be    out    on
will (never get anywhere."
The   American  Loyal  Order  of *
Moose has acquired the cottage ln
renders    empty    Prime    Minister wnloh Davls waa born to present
Baldwin's assertion  that  "no  mi-
to the little mining town of Tred-
Fass this copy to your  shop-
mat* and get him to subscribe.
men a $59?slwool
To any one who
will prove that
anything stated in
this ad is mis-
re p r esented or
To purchase direct from the manufacturer a fine quality suit made
of pure wool valued at $50.00.
Strictly hand-tailored to your measure, sergo or worsted.    Latest models.    Single or 5R4. OO
double-breasted  for  ONLY *•*TTL   .
Send No Money—Writo for our Special Offer. Porteot
Fit and Satisfaction guaranteed
Six Pair Ladles'
light or hoavy full
fashioned puro SHE
HOSE valued at $10
for only
Guaranteed    Perfect
and   Finest  Quality
Twelve  Pair   Men's
light or heavy pure
SILK HOSE valued
at $10 for only
■Write ur at.-unce for
full bargain offer to
strike"" He"  asks   what   British nority ln a free oountry has ever egar.   A London labor paper rath
labor "is going to  do about such yet   ooerced   the   whole   COmJ""" er unkindly remai-Ks that the town
a  situation,  since  defeat for  the nlf;"    Ffee »™» ^ZiTZlsll h&S n° ldea What t0 d° W"h "'
Hindu workers would react on the exi* ;  <*"d  * 1'ri.   Ta 	
British workers. ?u™° opln 0n' T       \JtTtZ7      ATLANTIC CITY. N.J.-(FP)-
Australla to Assist J°rity rU,B '* * ,? ,, T"« American Federation of La-
Australia to assist depend for its power to influence
Strong   support  for  the   Labor reaPders of the Pdaily press on the »or moving picture  will  be  used
party proposals come from Prime Hera,d  a,0       which  faces ****<&   ln   th°   central   «<>«th-
Minister Bruce of Australia,  who y o£ the c'apitallst prea8 where "there are lewer unions than
says the Australian government is ^   \ Davld  against  a battaIlon anywhere else,   according to state-
embarrassed in its efforts to as*
sist British industries in the Australian  market  by  the  fact  that
of Goliaths.
"Britain  herself  is doing  nothing BrancheS May Join
to   prevent   her   own   industries .
Minority Movement
from being undermined by countries which permit a low standard
for their workers."
ments made by William Green,
president A. F. of L. The scenario of the picture is being written
by a well-known writer and will
be brought up at the A. F. of L.
convention in October.
LONDON.—The     final     appear PERTH, Western Australia.—(F
court of the Amalgamated Engl- p)—At the annual conference of
neering Union has upheld the ap- the West Australian branch of the
peal of one of its branches against Australian Labor Party, there was
MELBOURNE,  Australia—(FP)   the decision of the executive board an animated discussion  regarding
—Labor members in the Federated   that  no  fees  could   be  paid  from the working of the 44-houi- week.
Parliament   are  seeking  to   bring  the   local   purposes   fund   to   the p-*|nauy it was left to the unions to
about the abolition of the practice   national minority movement. make their own arrangements re-
of   granting  titles  to   Australians      The     decision     affects     many garding the spread of the 44-hours,
on the ground that such procedure   branches of the A.E.U.  who have ____======;^^=^^========:
is contrary to the sentiments ot the already affiliated with the minor- 0ITy  0p  -tfxsormVEB.
people of Australia.   The five State   ity movement, and ls likely to in- 	
legislatures in Australia, controlled   fluence   large   numbers   of   mem- -TulE  undersigned  will  receivo  tenders
by   Labor   governments,   have   al-   bers   of  the   N.U.R.,   Shop  Assist- £_■$*   ^^Lcl'ZoiiZ
ready expressed themselves as op-   ants,   Boot &  Shoe Workers,  &c„ Wednesday, the 23rd day of September,
nosed to the practice.                          who have been  instructed to op- '?r   ">*   ^v.-r   °<*   »••»   hundred   and
puaeu io uie y_ m.nte. fifty ornamental cast Iron  standards.
                   pose  the minority movement. Specifications and details can  bo ob-
Between the Government which                    Bunding.0™ th° ^ E'UC"'idan' Ho'd°"
does evil and the people who ac-       A  fighting  labor  press can't  be The right to accept or reject any or
cept It there is a certain shameful   built   by   wishing.     Send   in   your o»  tenders reserved
solidarity.—Victor Hugo.                    sub today. Purchasing Agent. PagrEight
Friday, September 11, 1
ANE MAN wrote us: "I hope The Advocate will soon
U be an eight-page daily"—and he sent in a subscription. THAT COUNTS
Another wrote: "I am boosting for you. You are
putting out a Beal Labor Paper"—and he sent in a
subscription. THAT COUNTS
Still another said: "Send we a subscription book.
I am going to get you twenty new readers in my
district." THAT COUNTS
• HEBE'S THE POINT: The greater our circulation,
the more effective will be your work. We are honestly
endeavoring to fight for freedom from capitalism, and
if you are really desirous of improving your condition
and that of your fellow-men, you will boost for THE
ADVOCATE.   It is that kind of help THAT COUNTS
Get your friends on the mailing list. If they cannot afford the $2 right now, send in their names just
the same; they can pay us later, but—do it now.
DON'T POBGET: At least one new reader from
every one of our friends this week.    Address letters:
LABOB ADVOCATE, 1129 Howe Street
The Prelude to a New War
(By J. JACOB.)
CINOE 1918 there have been ser- ieve are mere playthings in the
lous threats of war on several hands of the directors of the
occasions. Now Franco has rushed Bank of Paris, and are playing
Into a war with Morocco. The their role admirably. They con-
Paciiiste of the Left Bloc are tinue to talk about peace apd to
bringing' home civilization to the proclaim the pacifist intentions of
Kills by means of gunfire and Paris in order to pacify the dis-
aerlal bombardment. The Moroc- turbed public opinion, while at
can adventure In 1907, which was the same time they continue the
forcibly   resisted   by  Jaures,   was war.
the' prelude to the World War. In any case, a world war might
In 1911 the Algerian affair almost break out. If Abd-el-Krim is
started a war between France and beaten, the various designs of the
Germany. At the present moment imperialist powers will become
the fear of the national revolution clear. French, Spanish and Brlt-
becoming extended outweighs the ish imperialists will commence
international complications which quarreling over the domination of
might   arise   from   a  Franco-Mo-  Morocco.
roccan    conflict.    Great    Britain 	
casts an unfriendly glance towards
France in view of Gibraltar being
on the  Mediterranean  coast.  The
Moroccan   war    has    resuscitated 	
Italian designs on Tunis. pARISj    France._Ai   LosoVsky,
At a matter of fact, the present secretary of the Red International
conflict which confronts French of Labor Unions. with headquar.
imperialism, with the Riffs fight- ters at ^ spoke at the cqn.
ing for independence, is a dis- green of the Generar Confedera-
turbing influence to capitalists of tion of Labor here> urging world
all countries. The Rational revo- trade unlon unJty> and descrlblng
lution started by Abd-el-Krim ha» the aotivlties of the RiI.L>u. and
aroused the enthusiasm of the the CommUnist International,
whole of Islam. It started in j.osovsky was refUsed a passport
Morocco, and, if it Is victorious, to enter the country by the Pain.
it would extend to Algeria, Tunis, leye government. The delegate
Sudan, Benegal, Indochina, Egypt irom Mosoow maflmged to reach
and India and all the colonial or the congress> however, and spoke
semi-colonial  countries.    The  loss   _-.hUe all doors and wlndows were
Painters' Convention
Shows Healthy Growth
(Special Correspondence)
MONTREAL — The thirteenth
general convention of the International Brotherhood of Painters,
Decorators, and Paperhangers
opened ..here on Labor day, with
about 700 delegates from the United States and Canada present.
Those attending the convention declared that in the 38 years of the
union's existence, no more optimistic spirit had been displayed than
that which marked the opening of
this convention.
The report of G. F. Hendrick
contained a message of progress
since the last convention, held in
1921. Mr. Hendrick stated that
approximately 30,000 members of
the Brotherhood were enjoying the
five day week, and emphasized
that wherever this condition obtained the results were most satisfactory to the members, because
this gave them a better opportunity
to protect themselves against the
inroads of occupational diseases,
such as affect the painter through
being forced to work in materials
which are injurious. He also pointed out that the Brotherhood was
now the fifth largest union in the
A. F. of L.
General Secretary C. J. Lammert
in his report stressed the fact that
not only had the Brotherhood
weathered the storms in recent
years, in the face of aggressive
and desperate efforts on the part
of the employers to again establish
the wages of serfs and mendicants,
but showed an actual gain in membership since 1921 of more than
R. I. L. U. Secretary
Outwits Paris Police
of  the  colonies  would  be a  ter-
rirble blow for France and Great
At the conclusion of his speech,
Britain   and   would   shake   their  whioh iasted an hour>  the Ughts
were   turned   out,   and   Losovsky
entire    regime.     Therefore,     this
must   be   prevented   at   all   cost. made hls way out of the hall."
they say, 	
Realizing the danger, the entire to   lj.
press, including both the Right British Seamen Fight
Tt^n X BhTinie.for, V?r    Shipowners' Wage Cuts
to the finish.    Herriot and Pain- r         °
Open Shop Menaces
New York Unionism
NEW YORK—(FP)—That jobs
of organized craftsmen in New
York City are menaced by the
abundance of open shop work in
surrounding communities is again
emphasized by a full page advertisement of open shop plants in
Connecticut now appearing for the
second time in the Hartford Courant. It blares forth an array of
contracting and manufacturing
concerns under the 8-column caption "Firms Operated on the Open
Shop Plan." The list includes
building contractors, electrical,
plumbing, painting, printing, lithographing and photo-e,ngraving
contractors—all in lines that are
predominately union ln New York.
This policy of rubbing the open
shop stuff into the reading public
may provoke an unexpected result.
(By Federated Press.)
LONDON.—An unofficial strike
of seamen in London a,nd Hull
against the recent $5 a month cut
in wages protests the agreement
between the shipowners and the
National Sailors' and Firemen's
union. Some 2B00 seamen Jt>ave
demonstrated in Poplar, London,
against the action of the union
officials in accepting the cut
"without consulting the rank and
Another incident which has
caused resentment is the holding
of an "industrial peace dinner"
by the shipowners and the National Sailors' and Firemen's union, shortly after the cut, "with a
view to marking excellent relations that exist between the shipowners and seamen."
American Federation
Acts On Immigration
the conferences held very quietly
in Washington recently by Moto-
sada Zumoto, a Tokio editor who
has come to America to promote
better relations between the two
countries, was one with 20 officials
of the American Federation of Labor and affiliated labor bodies.
Zumoto urged that American labor help repeal the ban on Japanese immigration. Secy. Morrison
for the A. F. of L., replied that
American labor would never consent to lower the bars to any immigration from countries of a lower wage standard.
Decision that the workers of
Mexico and the United States are
entitled to freedom of locomotion
from one country to the other, but
that the labor movements of the
two nations must see that they do
not impair each other's trade union structures by cheap wage rates
or otherwise, was reached in the
conference between American Federation of Labor officials and the
representatives of the Mexican Regional Federation of Labor, in session in Washington. When a Mexican worker comes to the United
States he is to be called upon,
both by the A. F. of L„ and the
Mexican labor organizations to join
the A. F. of L. and maintain its
standards. When an American
worker goes to Mexico, he is to
join the Mexican union and abide
by its rules.
Nearly 50 men are striking again
at Montowese Brick Co. for recognition of thelj- union and demands
for higher wages and shorter
hours. The clay worker's walk
out is so complete that the company has closed for the season.
The advertiser ls always interested in knowing where you saw
his advertisement. Just mention
the Advocate and you'll see.
LYNN, Mass.—(FP)—Linwood
P. Hurd, former business agent of
the Shoe Workers' Protective Union in Lynn, was given 30 days in
the House of Correction upon being found guilty of larceny of
$16,239 from local 3. Hurd is appealing, claiming that he took the
money the union owed him.
MEN!    Now is your  great  opportunity to  secure
Underwear, Shirts, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes,
etc., at this
Monster Saving Sale
Which Will Give You Values Extraordinary
Sale Starts 9 a.m., Saturday, Sept. 12th
Bemember, come to
2313 MAIN STBEET, Between 7th and 8th Avenues
You Oan Always Do
Better at
The Imperial
Shoe Store
Get Wise      Save Money
Men's, Women's and
Children's Shoes
Lots to choose from, and
all genuine bargains.
Opp, Standard Furniture Co.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
101-408 Metropolitan  Building
837 Haitingi St. W., Vancouvtr, B.C.
Tolephonti: Stymour 8886 snd 8667
We   support   your   paper.
Where do you buy your
Painting Supplies?
Prepare for the winter rains i
with a coat of good paint1
and get that cosy effect. See'
our   finished   samples   and
use  our  free   estimate  service  on  paints  and  panels.
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastings E.
HOW can we sell good solid leather shoes so cheaply?
It's no secret! Away from the high rent district—
small profits—quick turnover. That's all. You don't
pay a proportion of a huge rent when you buy at
Kibler's Shoeteria.
The school boy Is particularly hard
on shoes. He needs SOLID LEATHER. Cast iron would be best, but
they are not made that way. Our
guaranteed Solid Leather is the next
best thing. Prices at least 20% less
than elsewhere.
Sizes 11 to 13% ....
Sizes 1 to 5%   $2.95
Solid Leather
and Waterproof
A Special Line of
SAMPLE Slze8 6%,
SHOES 7- 7*
And All Solid Leather
No Drugs Used ln Examination
■"THIS advertisement means high-
•*•   grade   glasses,   with   a   thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will  find  that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of  all   work   turned
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
680 Bobson Street
Phone Sey. 8955


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