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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Jul 17, 1925

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)       ' ^miffoM %3Mr*^<
With Which Is Incorporated i%__ B. C. FEDERATIONIST
eventeenth Year.   No. 29
Eight Pages
jailors Given Putrid
(Food Aboard Canadian
..Government Vessels
'■ VICTORIA,   B. C. — Intolerable
|onditlons exist on board C.G.M.M.
The   S.S.    "Canadian   Ranger,"
^hich left Victoria, B. C„ recently
or Antwerp, had   a repitition   ol'
conditions,   typical   of   what
Jsually exists on C.G.M.M. vessels.
i While loading in B.C., the crew
fad been complaining because  of
lie   shortage   of   food;   although
very credit was given the cook,
(ho was an Al man at his busi-
Victoria was the last port of
hli, and as there was no improvement the  cook  and  second  cook
bmanded their discharge, as they
Jiund it unbearable to   hear   the
limplaints of the men being con-
Inually turned down, but the capita refused to grant them their
Ischarge and wages.
I On one occasion the cook asked
te chief steward for a supply of
lovisions for himself, the second
[ok and mess boy. He was ques-
oned with what had been done
Ith what had already been given
ut for the meal, and replied that
l^rything   had   been   given   the
n, who were clamoring for more
bd.   He received the "extra sup-
alright.    He got   three    red
Irring, being one for each man.
le crew of the vessel were willing
[support the cook and his second
^thelr demands, but they saved
men the trouble    by    taking
trench leave" rather than under-
what was  in  store  for  them
|ring the voyage.
The cooks and stewards on those
3.M.M. vessels are unorganized,
are the  lowest paid  men  at
|)ir vocation sailing out of Brit-
Columbia.    It is up to them
[get organized with the sailors
firemen ln the Federated Seal-era' Union of Canada.
ritish Deny Vises
To Scott Nearing
(By Federated  Press)
•JEW TORK—Visaes on Ameri-
passports have   been   denied
ltt Nearing and his wife, Nellie
(tring, without explanation. Less
two weeks previous a British
was denied Brent Dow Allin-
conscientious objector during
, war and    secretary   National
lent Forum.   Allinson left with
roup of young people    for    a
conference in England and
forced to leave the party in
Ince.    The Nearings plan to go
|Europe  for  travel  and  study.
British  consulate    wrote    to
(don **or further instructions on
case as the Nearings intend to
It decision if visaes are again
fit is remarkable to think that
British secret service should
fintain in this country a flle of
activities and politics of Am-
ban citizens," Nearing states.
Itish officials attempted to pre-
pt foreign Communists from
jerlng England to attend the
ty congress this year.
Chinese Professors
Again Denounce the
Foreign Exploiters
Chinese professors in the Pekin
University, have issued another
manifesto telling of the atrocities
inflicted upon Chinese by foreign
imperialists and calling upon the
Chinese Government to protest
against it. The last manifesto,
which is addressed to Tuan Chi
Jul, president of China reads:
"In connection with the Shanghai massacre of Chinese we, the
undersigned, have repeatedly petitioned you and the Waichiaopu,
requesting you to protest strongly
to the Powers concerned to stop
their high-handed policy of murder, but so far no perceptible result has followed.
"In reply to the third protest of
the Waichiaopu the powers concerned not only are not willing to
comply with the reasonable demand, but on the other hand in an
intimidating tone hold the Chinese
responsible for the preservation of
further peace and order throughout the country. This is an indication of the utter lack of a sense
of justice of the diplomatic corps.
"Continuing in their truculent
and provocative attitude wholesale
massacres have again occurred in
Hankow, so that Chinese life and
property seem unsafe even in their
own territory against the barbarous instincts of the British. The
British gunboats have also flred
(Continued on page 2)
Antagonisms Increase
Between Japanese and
British Imperialists
PARIS—To secure a Japanese
naval base at Saigon, opposite the
British base of Singapore, the
Japanese have, through Viscount
Ishii, offered France an offensive
and defensive alliance against
Great Britain, it is rumored here
on good authority.
To pave the way the Japanese
government has just placed an
order for $14,000,000 worth of railway rolling stock with Schneider
and other French firms, and also
lias given orders for airplanes and
armaments to France.
The Tokio government had asked
for bids for railway material from
English firms, but suddenly transferred the business to France last
month, to aid the political negotiations. The French bids were
no lower than the English, and
Krupps offered lower prices than
Want to Isolate Hongkong
The outstanding Japanese objective is said to he to get the use
of the harbor of Saignon, in French
Indo-China, which is just opposite
Singapore and which had a tremendous strategic value.
The establishment of a powerful
Japanese naval base at Saigon,
which has an excellent harbor,
would be a counter balance
against the new British base at
Singapore and would prevent the
British fleet from passing through
the China sea en route to Hongkong and Japan.
9,485,000 in foreign owned
10,391,000 in Chinese owned
Cotton Factories ln 1924:
39 Foreign owned
45 Chinese owned
In   1920   British   capitalists
Controlled:    '
37 p.c.   of   Chinese  foreign
38 p.c. of Chinese shipping;
40 p.c. of Chinese Iron ore;
35   p.c.   of   Chinese   cotton
25 p.c. of Chinese railways.
British officials control the
Chinese Customs.
:**■'*»h»**im..... mim mn.,.11*,,..„,„■,„■,„*,,mml
In Tennessee?
(Federated  Press  Corr.)
High school sophomores are
listening to a professor of biology.
The lecture concerns human origins.
"We are all descendants" of
Adam," the professor explains.
"Where do the black people get
their color?" inquires one of the
bolder students.
"The black color," says the professor gravely, "is the mark of the
murderer that was laid upon Cain."
A pause.
"Does not the color of different
races have something to do with
evolution?" ventured the student.
The professor is emphatic:
"There is such a theory—the Darwinian theory—but it is all bunk!"
Who would believe that such a
conversation actually took place in
a high school class in an American city of 150,000 during 1925?
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Government    Feeds    Sailors    Putrid
Food      1
Archdeacon Says Armstrong Botrayed
N.  8.* Miners   1
Fleecing  Soldier Settlers  in  Canada 2
Marx Scorned by London Council.... 7
New  Step  in Workers'   Education.... 7
Labor Wants Trado With Russia.... 7
Australian   Workers Erect Labor Radio 1
Invontion Fever Grips Russians  6
Hindu  Leader  Gives   Facts  on  India 8
Chinese   Professors   Denounce   Imperialists      1
Boston   Unionists    Threaten   General
Strike     5
Ford's  Speeding Up Threatens Sailors 6
Coolldge Helps Sugar Barons  2
Miners'  Wives Exploited  4,
Australian Workers
Erect a Labor Radio
Broadcasting Station
(By Federated Press)
SYDNEY, Australia—The Labor
Council of New South Wales is
■erecting a Labor radio broadcasting and receiving station of 3,000
volts. It will be the most powerful station in Australia. The station will be able to communicate
with Europe and America. A special wave-length will be used for
secret communication between
unions in times of crisis.
The station will be used for reg
ular communiactions between
union centers and their branches;
communication between union officers and organizers in the field;
regular daily communiaction between union organizations in the
Australian states; communications
between unions and their mem
bers; parliamentary election pro
paganda; working-class education;
strikes; arbitration matters, etc.
It is expected that the govern
ment will try to prevent the Labor
radio station functioning as such,
but the Labor Councils intend to
fight every attempt to sabotage the
right of free speech and freedom
of thought. Other labor councils
in Australia are expected to follow
New South Wales.
Miners' International
Discusses Wage Cuts
LONDON—The British cabinet
considered the crisis in the coal
industry at the same time that the
executive committee of the international Miners' Federation was
meeting delegates from France,
Belgium, Holland, Germany,
Czecho-Slovakia and Britain to
consider the attacks upon the coal
miners in every country where
wages are being cut and hours
The British miners have refused
to consider the operators' proposal
for reduced wages and longer
hours and a strike may come at
the end of July.
Meanwhile England has 1,250,-
000 unemployed and 250,000 textile workers threaten to strike
against a proposed wage cut.
The .federal department of immigration of Canada has recently
issued several new regulations affecting juvenile immigration into
the Dominion. The new regulations provide that (1) there shall
be a preliminary inspection by a
government inspector of the proposed home before placement of
a child immigrant, and a second
visit within a month after placement; (2) no more subsidies will
be granted for the transportation
of children under 14 years of age;
(3) the department will endeavor
to decrease the present proportion
of girls among juvenile Immigrants.
Say you saw it advertised in the
Armstrong Betrayed
Nova Scotia Miners
Says Archdeacon
QUEBEC.—In sharp contrast to
the statements of ex-Premier
Armstrong of Nova Scotia, who
said that no real suffering existed
among the miners, comes the
statement of Archdeacon Scott of
Quebec, who recently publicly declared:
"Premier Armstrong betrayed,
them (the miners). At a time
when money was being subscribed
from'Canada generally for the relief of the starving women and
children, his government voted
twenty thousand dollars, thereby
ending outside aid, as the public
thought the premier was at last
doing his duty to his own people.
Then it came out that the twenty thousand dollars were earmarked for Red Cross work only.
Thus the miners and their families were left without outside assistance, and were worse off than
"The splendid courage and self-
restraint of the miners is beyond
all praise. When people have
been existing for months, -as the
miners have, on something less
than a dollar a week per individual plus the fish they are able to
catch, it*is not to be wondered at
that there should be occasional
looting of stores and destruction
of property. The whole trouble
could have beep averted by the
Nova Scotia government. They
are the owners of the mines. The
British Empire Steel Corporation
are merely leaseholders. If the
mines cannot pay, the government
should appoint an outside and impartial body of men, similar in
status to the commission appointed by Ottawa to investigate the
affairs of the Grand Trunk before
the federal government took it
over. This commission would examine the books and standing of
the corporation as well as the
condition of the coal market.
'Hundreds of the miners fought
side by side in France with the
soldiers now sent to Cape Breton
to shoot them down, if necessary.
Canada, in the end, will have to
pay for the seeding of the troops,
hundreds of thousands of dollars.
The money would have been better spent in buying out the company's stores of food and clothing
and giving them to the needy."
Midsummer Plums
For Yank Exploiters
NEW YORK—The mid-year distribution of profit plums in the
form of dividends and interest is
the greatest ever in the history of
American business, Wall Street
papers show. The sum of $437,-
300,000 is being disbursed to stock
und bond holders to represent their
share of the pluckings of the workers during the first six months of
1925. $115,200,000 is in dividends,
$322,700,000 in interest, indicating
possibly that loaning money by
bonds or otherwise is even more
profitable than investing—when
the industrial market is pot booming. Page Two
Friday, July 17,. 1925
A Page for the Man on the Land
Notes and Comments
of Interest to Farmers
The Governor General paid us
a visit lately, spoke, and left again.
The daily press spoke flatteringly
of his speech to the Canadian Club
but personally after reading over
the press reports of the speech
I fail to see anything new. It was
the same old flag waving, and certainly not a speech of value to
working men. He played up the
name of the boys who went overseas, but was careful not to mention the thousands of these same
boys who are fighting a more
strenuous battle today than they
did on the slopes of Vimy. He said
nothing of the thousands who
were induced to take up farming
under the Soldiers' Settlement
Board and who.were then dragged
down by the. millstone placed
around their necks by the present
system. He never mentioned the
thousands who are denied medical
treatment and adequate pensions.
No one should know Canadian
conditions better, but he failed to
say anything of value to the
masses of the people of Canada.
Fleecing Canadian Soldier Settlers
JARON BYNG OF VIMY has of  intimate details.    These men paid
*^a 10 per cent deposit on their
farms ranging from $100 to $450,
worked on them from one to three
years, and then finding the struggle to make a living hopeless, abandoned them, losing their time,
labor and# money.
Now Earl Haig comes amongst
us spreading his gospel of organization among ex-soldiers. Neither
Fascisti nor the Noble Order of
Crusaders could ever muster more
than a corporal's guard in this
country, and ex-soldier organizations are going out of existence,
the many dirty deals and unjust
treatment given the ex-soldier
having opened their eyes and made
them realize the uselessness of
these organizations to better their
conditions. Earl Haig at the bidding of Capital has taken the
stump to lead the lost sheep back
to the fold. Great is Mammon,
_fnd Haig is his prophet. The only
organiaztion that will beneflt the
ex-soldier or the ex-settler is a
working class organization. Don'l
let capitalism fool you again.
(Continued From Page 1.)
on the defenceless crowd on shore.
We feel ashamed that such atrocities could have been deliberately
conceived and perpetrated by
"civilized" human beings on their
fellow-man at all. From this incident we conclude that the British have no longer any regard
whatsoever for the maintenance of
friendly relations between the two
nations, and that they are willing
hereby to assume the responsibility for serious developments. Ws
conclude also that systematic
bullying and terrorizing are the
means upon which they rely for
the settlement ot the present
'•Unless we tacitly admit indeed
that the British l^v« the right to
make preparations for war in a
territory whose ' sovereignity remains Chinese, we- beg you to order
the following action to be taken
"1. To send troops Immediately
to the international settlement for
the protection of Chineso life and
property, and to disarm all the
foreign soldiers.
"2. To give an order at once to
the Chinese minister in London to
present the following demands to
the British Government: (a) The
recall of the British minister in
Peking; (b) Order for all British
gunboats and cruisers lo leave
Chinese waters; and (c) Apology
to the Chinese government for thc
Shanghai and  Hankow massacres.
"Regardless entirely of the time
and method of settlement of the
outstanding questions, we believe
the above actions absolutely necessary for the protection of Chinese
life and property in the settlements, and for the prevention of
further outrages being perpetrated
upon our people. We hope that
the Chief Executive will act according to the desires of the people. Yours, respectfully, I
Professors of  thc  Pekin  National
■*" late been travelling in our
midst, almost unhearlded, and as
not one of "Vancouver's nest of
poets" have, trilled — unsung.
Haroun-Ai-Kaschid, Caliph ot Bagdad, had nothing on the Governor
General of Canada wnen it conies
to getting right down amongst the
masses and finding out things tor
himself. At least that is the impression I have got from reading
the daily press.
He has interviewed dock laborers, garbage collectors, 0. P. R.
section men, and soldier settlers,
always, of course, preserving his
A flying visit was paid by His
Excellency—I presume I have the
title that goes with his remunerative oliice correct—to the Fraser
Valley, where he was shown some
of the successful larms of soldier
settlers. He was much impressed,
so I am given to understand, by
the prosperity of soldier settlers
in this province. Now I would be
willing to bet a million dollars—
if I only had it—against an all-day
sucker that the noble Baron was
not shown the abandoned farms of
the unsuccessful 80 per cent. These
are mostly farms of men who
bought them with the assistance
and advice of the Soldiers' Settlement Board in 1919 and 1920. At
that time incompetency and graft
was rampant among the officials
of the S. S. R. and despite the
wording of the Soldiers' Settlement Act, which excluded real estate men from dealing with the
Board high officials in the Vancouver administration wore working hand in hand with real estate
sharks of the city to fleece the
unsuspecting returned man who
wished to settle on the land.
As an ox-soldier I have personal
knowledge of this. I bought a
my farm—since abandoned—off a
real estate dealer, with whom 1
was put in touch by an official of
the Board. During the course of
negotiations this official told me
that he did not think the Board
would pass it as the price was too
high but 1 could see the dealer
and try to come to some arrangement with him. On seeing the
dealer he suggested dropping the
price $300 for the purpose of passing the Board, and for me to pay
his this $300 in cash on the side.
I refused to have anything to do
With the proposition, and on put-
ling the matter before the officials
of the S. S. B. was told that I
ought to have taken advantage of
the offer as the land was worth
more than was being asked for it.
Howevor, I refused to be persuaded, and was considerably astonished on being informed some time
later that the land had been
passed by the Board at the lower
flgure. One can infer the destination of the $300 if I had been
willing to pay it. Two of my
neighbors have told me that this
scheme was successfully worked
on them, one to the extent of $250
and the other $200.
This is only one of the numerous skin games worked on 'tlio
soldier settlor. There are many
others I have heard of but of these
perhaps some other ex-settler victims may be able to furnish more
Imperialist Day in
San Pedro a Fizzle
SAN PEDRO, Cal.—If the mobilization of last year was a fizzle
in San Pedro, the "Defense Day"
test of July 4 was an absolute
misfire. The thin? had been well
exploited in the local papers and
the general belief was that several
hundred patriots at least would
What was the result? A parade.
Two dozen "bulls" who could not
keep step, at the head, seven
"husky" civilians mostly grey-
haired or hairless, ono company of
coast artillery, two flags, and
bringing up the rear were four-
preachers, one being the fori,
chaplain in uniform. It was surely
imposing and I resident Coolidge
would have rent his Puritan soul
in despair had he t'cen the turnout.
Capitalist President
Aids Sugar Importers
(Federated Press.)
CHICAGO.—Tight-fisted toward
the poor but exceedingly generous
toward the rich is the policy of
President Coolidge, as shown in
'two statements issued a week
apart bearing on the financial
policy of the government.
When advised by the tariff
commission to lighten the cost of
living for every household in the
land by cutting the sugar tariff
one-half cent a pound, Coolidge
answered that the government
could not spare the $40,000,000
revenue.    He said:
"It is estimated that the sugar
import duty yielded the national
treasury last year $135,099,106 out
of a total revenue from all 'imports of merchandise of $541,231,-
859. To make the proposed reduction would cost the treasury
about $40,000,000 a year."
But when asked by his multimillionaire secretary of the treasury to lighten the rich man's tax
burden by reducing the surtax
(extra tax) on unearned incomes,
Coolidge suddenly discovered a
treasury surplus of over $200,-
000,000 ready to hand. Before
leaving Washington for the summer he expressed his determination to use this surplus to reduce
income taxes in accordance with
the  demands of business.
This $200,000,000 treasury surplus exceeds the entire revenue
derived from sugar by $65,000,-
000. It amounts to five times the
proposed reduction in the sugar
Advertisers are helping us. Re-
-clprocate by buying from them,
and toll them you saw lt ln the
Advocate. - •
'Frisco Waiters' Union
In Educational Drive
San Francisco Waiters' union has
created a scholarship open to members of the union, at any American university, as vart of its educational , campaign * in affiliation
with the Workers Education Bureau of America. The scholarship
will provide $700 a year. "We
believe," says Hugo Ernst, secretary, "that the future leaders of
organized labor will be specialists
with a background of intimate
knowledge of industrial problems.
We are preparing for the day
when such men will be needed tc
take 'the reins."
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
Water Department
TVOTICE is hereby given that the time for
sprinkling lawns, gardens, etc., is restricted
to between the hours of 5 and 7 in the morning
and'7 and 9 in the evening.
J. A. PATON, Reeve.
Fresh Cui   Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings  St.  East,  Say.  988-672     665 Granville Straet   Sey. 9513-1391
151 Hastings   Stroot West ....Sey.
Russia Will Reap
Enormous Harvest
MOSCOW —With the present
condition of crops throughout the
U. S. S. R. above the average, this
year's harvest is estimated approximately at sixty million tons.
Such prospects materializing, it
would be possible to export up to
5,000,000 tons (over 300,000,000
poods) of grain from the Union,
Miners Won't Accept
Reduction, Lewis Says
SCRANTON, Pa. — (FP) — "Let
me say to the anthracite operators
and to the American public that
the anthracite mine workers will
not accept a wage reduction of 17
or 20%, or any other reduction,"
John L. Lewis, president United
Mine Workers of America, announced in his expected keynote
address to the tri-district convention of anthracite miners. "The
price paid by our people for^the
privilege of working is too great
to accept any lowering of living
standards or  social  degradation."
Lewis quoted Pennsylvania department of labor statistics showing that of 158,000 mine workers
in the anthracite fields, 500 were
killed and between 22,000 and 25,-
000 injured annually.
"A/IDLTHROP" or similar style desk;
lVlsize 2, 200; size 3, 200; size 4,
70; total, 470. Also "Talt" or similar
style desk; size 2, 100; size 8, 200;
size 4, 150; size 5, 100; total, 550.
Also 1200 collapsible chairs in sections
of 6; prices F.O.B., Vancouver School
Board Stock Room. Tenders hy Wednesday, 15th July, in sealed envelopes
endorsed "Tenders for Desks." Delivery
by 24th August. Submit samples. Preference local manufactures.
Signed,   B.   Q.  WOLFE-MERTON,
Secretary Vancouver School Board.
MEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. C. Telephone Company
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy ealled
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relieve! deafness,
noises in the head, ete. No expensive appliances needed for thie new-
Ointment, instantly operates npon tke
affected parts with complete and permanent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whltehorse
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to me at Ventnor
has proved a complete snecess, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head nolsea have ceased,
The action of thie new remedy mnst
be very remarkable, for I hare been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of the very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear Instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my life haa undergone an entire
Try one box today, whicli un be
forwarded to any address on feoeipt
of money order for fl.00. There ls
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LARMALENE
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
^^^^^ Friday, July 17, 1925
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
Policing Poland Is
Costly Undertaking
WARSAW—77 per cent of the
whole Polish, budget has been assigned to the police. Not only has
the percentage of expenses consumed hy the police Increased, but
the number of this body also increased. In the year 1924 the internal police-force consisted of
36,953 men, and the frontier force
10,604 men. That made up a total
of 47,557 men. In March, 1925,
the number of police increased to
61,903 men, not counting whole
gangs of spies, secret agents and
paid plotters,
How British Troops
Smothered Seventy
Bengal Prisoners
LONDON — Little "incidents"
have a nasty habit of leaking out
in unexpected ways. Thus, a hideous instance of British terrorism
ln India has come to light following a leading article in the "Morning Post." This paper congratulated the government on withdrawing all pretence of giving India a
share in self-government, boasted
that "India was won by the sword,"
and hoped that the British government would never be so foolish as
to set up the system of Dyarchy.
This brought forth a letter to the
"Morning Post" from a very moderate member of the Indian Legislative Council.
Won By the Sword
He ironically congratulates the
".Morning Post" on its stand, and
quotes one passage where it said,
"Where the dual scheme continues
to function the British officials
have constantly to intervene to
prevent the most hideous scandals." Then he goes on to tell of
one particular scandal: After- the
Moplah rising ln Bengal, prisoners
were tightly packed into air-tight
cattle trucks. There they were
kept for many hours. When at
last the trucks were opened it was
found that in one truck alone
seventy of the prisoners had died
of suffocation.
The letter concludes: "The
tighter you sit in India the nearer
India is towards her release from
this domination.   We want a'policy
of   'martial   law   and   no   d d
nonsense,'    and    may    the    new
'Morning Post' help us to have it."
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends.      '"
Stay at the
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phono Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
French Militarists War
On Communists
PARIS—(FP)—Over a hundred
communists, arrested in France
the last few days, are charged
with interfering with the war
made by the French government
in Morocco. The communists
urged the French soldiers at the
front to fraternize with the Moroccans, and to refuse to wage imperialist war. Besides the arrests
the government is profiting by the
excited public opinion to search
houses of many other communists
and suspected radicals.
Recall These Facts
When India Rebels
LONDON—Wages in India, and
therefore the general standard of
life in India, are far below those
of any European country, said Mr.
N. M. Joshi, the Indian workers'
delegate at the general labor conference.
"Capitalism is reproducing in
our country," he continued, "the
worst feature of the worst period
of Industrialism.
"The evils of slum life are terrible. In Bombay City 70 per cent
of the families live in one-room
tenements, and they are all small
rooms. On an average there are
six people to a room 10 feet by 10.
 Six Infants Dies in Ten	
"You may imagine the result.
The infant mortality is 600 per
1,000. Six babies out of every ten
die in infancy.
"Factories can work 11 hours a
day—60 hours *. a week. In the
mines there is a 54 or a 56-hour
week for underground workers,
but no restriction at all for surface
"Men, women and children often
work 16 hours a day, and women
work underground in the mines.
"Everything is done to safeguard
the investors of capital," continued
Mr, Joshi. "Nothing is done to
safeguard the workers."
Communist Party Held
Very Successful Picnic
A very successful picnic was
held by the Vancouver branches
of the-Communist Party of Canada
at Belcarra Park on Sunday last.
Ideal weather a large crowd, lots
of fun and games made the picnic
a success in every way. The Finnish and Ukranlan comrades
added to the success by what was
a novel idea to their English
speaking comrades—the election
of a girl comrade as head of the
picnic. A large sura of money
was raised for the support'of tho
party paper. Approximately 300
persons were present at the affair
and only the advent of rain in the
evening marred what was in every
other way an enjoyable outing*
The picnic is an annual event and
will be repeated again next year,
we shall hope, on even a bigger
and better scale.
So this Is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
•* steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
S46 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
BRUSSELS—An important group
of the Belgian left wing trade
unionists have issued an appeal to
the Belgian proletariat, calling for
unity of the international trades
union movement and protesting
against the non-admittaTice of
Communists into the movement.
The authors of the manifesto declare their solidarity with the
newly formed * Anglo-Soviet committee of unity of the trade union
movement and call upon the workers to prevent all interference with
the internal affairs of the Union
of Soviets.
Efforts are being made to amalgamate the two German Unions of
bank clerks. Negotiations have
reached the stage when it has been
found possible to appoint a joint
commission with full power to settle all points of difference. An
amalgamation agreement will then
be drawn up, and the question referred to both Unions for their
final decision.
Hindu Railwaymen
Stage Huge Strike
LAHORE, I India—A procession
of 10,000 of the 20,000 railway
workers striking on the North
Western Railway of India marched
through Lahore bearing a red
The strike began two months
ago over the dismissal of a worker
but**was fed by general discontent
among the workers over low wages,
Many of the workers have been
evicted from comoany houses.
Their pay is little and many of
the workers are Illiterate.
There are about 700,000 railway
workers in all India. They are
being called on to aid strikers who
are hungry ami homeless.
LUGANO, Switzerland — Raids
across the Italo-Swiss frontier by
fasciti and beatings of anti-fascists who sought refuge in the
canton of Tessin has caused the
appointment of a commission of
enquiry to report to Berne," Arthur j
Alliatia, member of a party of excursionists in the Alps, was attacked by fascist bands because he
was wearing a red shirt.
TOKYO—Tentative naval estimates for the coming year show a
total of $140,000,000, an increase
in ordinary expenditure,, of $7,500.-
000 and in extraordinary expenditure of $12,500,000. The latter includes $5,000,000 for new style
weapons, $4,000,000 for warship
construction and $36,000,000 for
auxiliary warship construction.
Anthracite Miners
Demand 5-Day Week
And Wage Increase
(By Federated Press)
SCRANTON, Pa. —(FP)—A 10
per cent increase for tonnage miners, a dollar a day more for all day
men, and the 5-day week for all
anthracite workers , are cardinal
demands by delegates at the tri-
distrlct convention of the United
Mine Workers of America, representing approximately 170,000 coal
diggers in the hard coal counties
of Pennsylvania.
Freedom for Sacco and Vanzeitl,
Billings,-Mooney and other class-
war prisoners is called for in
strong resolutions. The convention
wants repeal of such anti-labor
legislation as the sedition and svn-
dicalism laws and passage of the
child labor amendment. ,
The miners' wage demands will
be officially presented to the oner
acors at a. joint conference at Atlantic City. A twp-vear agreement
to tnke the place of tbe pact ex
pirlnq- August 81, is planned. Tf
a strike takes nln.ee it will be the
opening day of Sentemher, after
the old agreement runs out.
BUENOS AIRES—The committee on foreign affairs has pigeon
holed a motion in the Argentina
chamber of deputies for recognition of the Soviet Union. The motion was tabled On the ground thnt
the motion was premature as
"Russia had not asked recognition."
MOSCOW—It is reported from
Berlin that the Bavarian factory
workers' committees have decided
to send a special delegation to the
Union of Socialist Soviet. Russia to
study the actual economic oonditions of life of Russian workers
and peasants.
GLASGOW—A relief fund for
the homeless of a hundred tenements, destroyed In Glasgow's
$5,000,000 flre was started while
firemen still were combatting the
German Railmen in
Convention Assured
Of British Support
BERLIN—The third genera!
congress of the German railway-
men's unions, which was held in
Cologne recently, was attended by
100 delegates, representing 180,000
trade union members. Delegates
from Great Britain, Belgium, Denmark, Holland, Austria, Poland
Sweden and Czecho-Slovakia were
also prosent.
Replying to an address of wel
come, Mr. C. T. Cramp, general
secretary of the British National
Union of Rallwaymen, assured his
comrades of bis readiness to assist
the German railwaymen to secure
better conditiona.
He realized the difficult position
created by the Dawes scheme, but
said, If reparations had to be paid
they must not be paid at the expense of the German working man
and  his wifo and children.
Mr. Cramp said lio was definitely
In favor of the workers combining
to prevent war, even if it meant a
series  of  international  strikes.
WASHINGTON—Between 200
and 300 delegates wiil take part
In the 18th biennial convention of
the Intl. Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, nt Seattle, commencing
Aug. 17. The organization has
i, 156 locals throughout tbe United
States and Canada. Its membership are reported! to the American
Federation of Labor last, year was
Silk Workers Win
Increase By Strike
SCRANTON, Fa.—(FP)—Striking silk workqijs .of Scranton and
midvalley mills are at work again
with a 12%% wage increase. Some
1200 workers, mostly miners'
daughters and wives, struck for a
$3 weekly raise, which would have
■brought earnings up to $10 to $15
a week. The strikers organized a
local of'the United Textile Workers' Union, which is to be recognized by employers, and accepted
raises of about $1.50. Employers
are supposed not to discriminate.
against strike leaders.
Russian Glass Company
Gets Exclusive Patents
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—Exclusive rights
for all Russia to the Owen's flow
machines used in the manufacture of bottles have been obtained
by the All-Russian Syndicate of
Silicate Industries, Prodasillcat,
which controls the glass and allied
industries of Russia. The contract between * Prodasillcat and
Owen's Bottle Company of Toledo, Ohio, was negotiated by
Amtorg Trading Corporation of
New York, agent li for Prodascill-
cat. The Russian trust will spend
approximately $1,000,000 in* purchasing patents and latest type
machines, which have net yet
been introduced into Europe, as
well as rights to all future improvements and inventions of the
Owen's Bottle Company, The American firm will co-operate with
Prodascilicat in the the installation of machines in Russian factories and in instructing specialists in operation of machines.
During the first six months of the
fiscal year 1924-25, beginning October, 1924, the production of silicate industries in Russia showed
an increase of 75 per cent, over
production in the same period of
the year previous.
< On Easy Terms
Victor  Speolal    $45.00
Ovorland,   C.C.M  $4,5.00
Perfection,   0.0.M  $50.00
C.CM.   f^"ort  Model  $55.00
Hvslop, Canadian  $65.0'»
Raleigh,   finest    $70.00
Tonus: $15.00 Cash, balance only
$2.50 wookly
800 Pender Street West
A fighting lnbor- th-prs enn't hp
built bv wishing. Send in. your
sub today. j
Ask for CATTO'S.     Tor sale at all Government Liquor Stoics
This advertisement is not published or displayed jSL^iiS^1* 0oBtro1
Board or by the Oovernment. of British Colnnibia Page Four
Friday, July 17,1925
•T'HE farm woman of Canada is
beginning to emerge from her
rural captivity and claim a place
in the government of school boards
and agricultural associations. She
helps to edit the farmer press,
discusses buying and selling, and
the general financing of the farmer
and his products. She discusses
the banker, the middleman and
the profiteer, the politician and
the social system under which she
is unmercifully exploited with a
familiarity unknown to her mot-
ther and a boldness sufficient to
make her grandmother rise out of
her grave.
This change has taken place
within the last few years, and the
farm woman, heretofore ignored
or held in disdain by the city woman, bids fair to lead and teach
the latter in the more fundamental
principles of politics, economics
and education.
The farm woman in her isolation has had time for reflection.
She ls more fundamental in her
outlook on the essentials of life.
She knows the labor and the
struggle it has taken to produce
wheat, butter, and the other foods
—the first primitive needs by
which all men live. She sees flrst
hand that a rich harvest has come
to mean nothing for her and her
family; that the food she helps to
produce is often burned or allowed
to rot to keep prices up; that the
markets are "rigged" so that consumption and distribution are curtailed at the whim of the profiteer;
and that the future holds nothing
for her and her family until she
ls so equipped with knowledge as
to become a power in all the institution of state, so that these institutions may function for the
sustenance of all instead of being
used and controlled to make parasites and industrial kings.
The farm women of Canada
have taken a long step in advance
of the city women. Inarticulate
although most of them are, their
organizations are growing by leaps
and bounds in every province and
their Influence is being felt as a
power to be reckoned with. Their
progress will be watched with
growing interest.
Pass this  copy to  your  shop*
mate and get him to subscribe.
Librarians Appeal
Against the Carnegie
Corporation in U. S.
[By Art Shields]
(Federated Press Staff Cor.)
NEW YORK.—In the hands of
the Executive Council of the American Federation of Labor is a
strong report by the Library Employees' Union of Greater New
York, in which union labor Is .urged to free the public library'system from the grip of anti-union
forces that hold the library employees in bondage and censor progressive books. The indictment
hits the Carneige Corporation that
disburses the fund created by the
lata Iron Master; the American Library Association, subsidized by
the Carneige Corporation to work
out national library policies, and
the local trustees who run the local -libraries. ■
Low Wages Paid
Library employees can be fired
or frozen out of the service without redyess. They can be demoted
at the whim of officials. They have
no rights their administrative superiors are bound to respect.
Wages are very low—seventy dollars a month up. Few receive twice
that sum. Though the educational
qualifications for their jobs are
high they are paid, on the average, much less than city employees
or the workers in general. In a
recent report by Dr. C. C. Williamson, paid for by the Carneige Corporation, it is frankly stated that:
"In many cases the law of supply
and demand will make it possible
to maintain efficient clerical staffs
at salaries even lower than those
offered by commercial and private
J. P. Morgan as Censor
The city pays the bills of maintenance, an annual sum equal to
10 per cent, of the amount donated by Carneige for library buildings. But the city has no voice in
the spending of this annual appropriation. The money is spent by
the local library trustees, a self-
perpetuating body, of which J. P.
Morgan, the banker, is a prominent
The  right  arm   of  Labor  is  a
strong press.    Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVO
In these articles on food, and in
the recipes given in the "Home
Corner," I like to philosophize a
little bit.
Few people, doctors included,
realize the important part food
plays In health and disease. We
are so prone to follow the conventionalities of life that we never
question why we do certain things,
and a person who rebels against
custom, who after giving more or
less thought to a certain subject
deviates from the conventions of
his time, is considered odd or fanatical. However, if we believe our
ideas to be correct, and have truth
in them, we must be prepared to
put thein into effect as far as possible, without giving offense to
I read recently In a magazine
concerned with health the statement that "It ought to be regarded
as a penal offense to sell white
flour products to the public, and a
crime to feed children on such
food." That may be true, or not,
but among Intelligent people there
ls not so much white flour eaten
now as there was ten years ago.
There  are  other    grain    foods
which may be used to advantage
in place of wheat.   Corn meal is a I appreciated,
'good  body builder and  easily di
Johnny Cake
1 cu,p cornmeal, 1 cup whole
wheat flour, 1-3 cup of sugar, 1
io .nded teaspoon baking powder
1 tablespoon melted butter, y_ teaspoonful salt, 1*4 cups sour milk
% level teaspoon baking soda, 1
Mix dry ingredients. Beat the
egg and add the milk, then the
melted butter, and last the dry Ingredients. Beat well and bake in
a greased pan for 15 to 20 minutes, having the oven very hot for
the first half of the baking.
Corn Bread
To one cup of cornmeal add
slowly one cup of boiling water.
Separate one egg, add one teaspoonful of salt to the white of
the egg, and beat stiff. Add the
yoke to the white and beat again.
Add egg to the batter and fold It
ln carefully—not one stroke more
than necessary. Dip into hot
greased pan, and bake in a quick
oven. If the batter needs thinning before the egg is added, add
a little cold water or milk.
Philosophy of Health
Contributions    for    this    corner
from  interested readers would be
Uncle Sam Discovers the
Miner's Wife
(By Federated Press)
mines in the United States are generally located at a distance from
factories. Wives and daughters of
the miners cannot keep the homes
going for the men who dig coal
and at the same time have a wide
variety of employment offered
near at hand, with which to increase the family income. The
jobs they can get are heavy and
ill-paid. Coal miners' women folk
are not getting a fair chance in
That is the substance of a report which the women's bureau of
the U. S. department of labor has
prepared, based on data collected
by tlie U. S. coal commission of
two years ago. It is a depressing
Live By Washing
Of the 500,000 -Women involved
in this study, some 100,000 have
been forced by economic conditions
to become wage-earners. Three-
fourths of the bituminous miners'
women live in such remote places
that they can earn money only by
doing washing or cleaning, taking
lodgers or boarders, or doing some
similar work ln the mining com
munlty. Anthractie miners are so
located, on the other hand, that
only one-third of the women are
restricted to this sort of job. That
is why large numbers of the
daughters of anthracite miners are
employed in textile mills, stores
and at other occupations in towns
near their homes.
Running Water a Luxury
Instead of making such necessaries as light and water readily
available in the miners' houses, the
report finds that along with their
remoteness and desolate surroundings the miners' homes are singularly devoid of these things. Running water was found in only about
one-fifth of the 80,000 houses
studied, in 811 communities. Only
3 per cent had a bathtub or shower
and only 4 in 1,000 had Inside
flush toilets.
No Sewer System
Running water in the house, it
is explained, means, usually, one
faucet in the kitchen. Rates for
the use of additional faucets, or
for attaching a hose from this
faucet to carry water to another
part of the house, were prohibitive. . Th<i miner's wife must carry
water in a pail from this one faucet to the stove, bathtub or elsewhere. Of the bituminous camps,
only 4 per cent, had complete
sewer systems.
Conl Baron Attacks Report
Such things as parks, reading
rooms, libraries, rest rooms and
girls' clubs—the recreational facilities that are commonly maintained
by American towns for the use of
women—were almost wholly lacking in the mining communities.
In a ferocious onslaught on this
conservative study of the federal
women's bureau, Secretary Harry
Gandy of the National Coal Association terms it an "attampt to
kindle class hatred, solely designed
to prejudice public opinion against
coal operators."
SCRANTON, Pa.—A real estate
man attempted to make the compensation referee believe that
building house to sell them was
not a business in order to avoid
payment of compensation to the
parents of a boy who died from
lockjaw, while employed by the
realtor. The boy stepped on a rusty nail. The referee granted his
parents $8 a week, disregarding the
employer's claim.
Attorneys for the defense of
John Thomas Scopes, Dayton,
Tenn., highschool teacher, indicted
for teaching the theory of evolution ln the Dayton High School,
are now in Dayton arranging details for the opening of the trial,
July 10th.
The American Civil Liberties Union, which initiated the test of the
law, has opened a special fund,
known as the Tennessee Evolution
Case Fund, toward which subscriptions are being received.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure  Yonr  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bal Oold
741 Haatinga St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
LADIES I Yon can pick up some
wonderful bargains now at the
"Famons"—beautiful summer dresses, smart new coats, suits, hosiery,
sweaters, etc. But you will have
to hurry I Stocks are rapidly running out. Why not make a point
of visiting this great sale TOMORROW!
SUIT Co. Ltd.
619-82S Hastings Street Weat
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
A   STEP toward Solidarity. and Freedom is when the workers
■''•support their Press and the supporters of the great Cause
of Labor,
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
well known to many readers of The Farmer-Labor Advocate,
in order to meet competition and low wages, has decided to
reduce his charges for Dental Work to a figure within the
rajnge of all.
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
Beckon thrifty shoppers with sterling July Sale values.
Every item from regular stock—every quality guaranteed.
Made in England from a good staple cotton;  heavy quality,
with a nice clean surface;  soon bleaches;  two widths—
70  INCHES WIDE—Regular  90c. 7Q_T»
Sale  price *    I ******
80 INCHES WIDE—Regularly $1.00.
Sale  price   :.	
Extra heavy round thread weave, with a nice linenized finish;
beautifully bleached; widths of 40, 42 and 44 t\71*
inches.   Regularly 65c.    Sale price, yard  *\f ■ ***
Suitable for household and lingerie needs; a nice, fine weave
and snowy white.    35 inches wide.    Regularly OOo
30c yard.   Sale price, yard    _6l___.C
Ready for use;  a strong, serviceable quality in a firm, even
weave; free of dressing.    Size 70x90. -tO OR
Regularly $3.50.    Sale  price,  pair  $-t*a*JO
British manufacture; a nice, crisp, quick absorbing weave; in
a very useful size, 20x40 inches. KQ*»
Sale price, pair          OJIC
Made in Yorkshire and guaranteed pure wool.    Weight 8 lbs.
40 pairs only, in size 72x90 inches. d»Q QC
Sale price   ^oJaafU
A line we are discontinuing.    Pure linen, in oval and round
style,  with scalloped  edges.    Size  4x6.
Regular 40c, for 	
6-INCH  ROUND—       OCgt      10-INCH ROUND—
Regular 35c, for   *********     Regular 66c, for	
9-INCH ROUND—      OA.     9x13—Regular 75c,
Regular 65c,  for   OV*\*     for 	
(s INCORPORATED  ^9 2** MAY  (070 R ™
Patronize Our Advertisers. fcday, July 17, 1925
Page Five
Local Union Notes
n-union carpenters have been
to assist    In    wrecking
former bank building at the
of Richard   and   Hastings
its preparatory to the erection
ipencer's new store    at    that
Interviewed by officials of
,'arpenters' Union, Mr. Spencer
d that the men had been em.
to do "maintenance" work,
when construction work start-
nlon men would be employed.
lectricians have taken the firm
H. E. Williams Co. Ltd. from
unfair list.   The union has no
king agreement with this firm
union labor will probably he
he Engineers have enrolled
new members during the past
th during whioh time they
had their charter open. js.
,ple of jobs are employing non-
engineers but all other jobs
;he City are O.K. There are a
11 number of engineers unem-
ed at present, but somewhat
than usual.
fhe  Vancouver  Printing  Press-
& Assistants' Union are hold-
. their flrst annual   picnic   on
Idy next at Belcarra Park,   As
|_1 in these affairs they intend
Bake it a bumper affair. Sports,
to  be  Indulged  In  and  two
Ices,^ afternoon and evening.
loats leave Gore. Ave. Wharf at
I.m. and 2:30 p.m.   If you really
ft-a. good time among good fel-
don't miss this.
Sympathetic Strike
Threatened by Boston
Building Unionists
(By Federated Press.)
BOSTON.—A strike tying up
$30,000,000 worth of building construction in greater Boston is
'threatened by the^ United Building Trades Council, carpenters,
bricklayers and building laborers'
unions, if the employers do not
agree to arbitrate the laborers'
demands for wage increases. An
ultimatum has been served on the
building contractors and a date
for the strike will be set by the
United Building Trades Council.
Arose Over Laborers
The trouble arises over the
strike * of . building ' laborers for
wage increases up to 77 l-2c and
80c an hour, which employers
have refused to grant. The committee of seven representing employers flatly turned down the union's previous requests. The ultimatum of the union reads that,
"in the event that the Building
Trades Employers' Association refuses to grant this request for an
arbitration, we are determined
that justice shall be done the laborers, and our determination will
be best shown by stoppage of
work of all men on operations
where non-union laborers are employed."
I l l l iiiiiihiiiiii i i nm
The Price of Hats in
The Lives of Hatters
NEW TORK— (FP)—Prom the
200 to 300 fur lining-finishing
shops of New York the 1,000 workers have been called out for an
organization strike by the joint
board of the furriers union. The
fur shops do not as a rule do their
own finishing, making the union's
problem of enforcing conditions
throughout the trade difficult. The
union is expecting to offer manufacturers a plan whereby lining-
finishing work can be done under
union conditions* in regulated outside shops.
READING, Pa.—(FP) — Union
stove mounters are locked out and
the recently unionized stove filers
and fitters are discharged by the
Prizer-Painter Stove Co. of Reading because the filers and fitters
asked for a 15 per cent pay raise
and because the mounters would
not scab on them after the dismissals. The company's wage for
fliers and fitters was 55 to 70 cents
an hour. The prevailing wage elsewhere Is 83 to $1.05 per hour.
Iliidmniitiiliiii in il l ■ ■ ■ ■ l ■"»"»■,
Our Legal Column
Send in Tour Subscription Today.
TEXT week a legal column
will be started in this
Japer, and all readers deslr-
ng to have legal points on
ivhich they are in doubt
fleiared up can have their
huestions answered through
Ihis paper. No charge will
\e made. Send in your questions, and address   them   to
Legal Editor," Farmer Ad-
focate, 1129 Howe St., Van-
ouver, B.C.
ihi.ihi.ih.hu im i mi in l I n
lerican Sailor To
Test Bosses' Blacklist
(By Federated Press)
lease, Cornelius Anderson, re-
enting 10,000 other seamen,   Is
1 the Pacific American Steam-
Corporation   and   the   Shlp-
fers Association of the Pacific
ln the United States district
Anderson says he was hired
seaman and. sent to an era-
nent agency run by the de-
i to have   the   agreement
loved.    The manager   of   the
|cy refused him the job.    He
[ damages, and also a perman-
|lnjunction preventing the de-
unts from interfering with the
|oyment of union sailors.    His
blacklist case.
Carpenters Get Raise
By Painters' Strike
(By Federated Press)
Increase of 50 cents a day for all
members of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners in
the District of Columbia took effect
July 6 to continue until May, 1926.
This raise was granted after negotiations which were ignored by the
anti-union Operative Builders organization. It follows the defeat
of the anti-union forces ln the
strike of the Painters and the signing up of the bosses for increased
.wages for the Plumbers and
Steamfitters. The carpenters wage
now becomes $9.50. The union
agreement provided that the carpenters should get $9 until next
May unless a raise were meanwhile
granted to other building crafts.
The carpenters benefited by the
painters' victory.
DES MOINES, la.—The 800 em
employes of the Des Moines street
car system are on strike, effecting
a complete tie-up of service. The
issue is one, of the union to job
control and the attempt of the
company to force an open shop.
The company refused to discharge
a conductor whose union card had
been revoked.
(Federated Press Corr.)
NEW YORK—(FP)—.Millions of
felt hats, soft velours and derbies
adorn as many heads in this country but few of the wearers know
what price in human lives is paid
in the manufacture. But of 100
union felt hatters recently examined, 43 per cent, were found to
be suffering from that form of
mercury poisoning known as "hatters' shakes"; a study of 599 union
death records showed that the
death rate from pneumonia is 173
per cent, above that of the average
population, and from tuberculosis,
46 per cent, higher. Other diseases
abound. And yet, experience in
the hat plants of more civilized
nations shows all these hatters'
death hazards are unnecessary.
pther diseases afflicting hatters
include ailicosls, incurred in
breathing the particles of sand
dust, from sandpapering the surface of the finished hat; chronic
bronchitis and lung inflamation,
of which 32 percent, of unionists
examined are found to be suffering; abnormally high blood pressure, found among 39 per cent.;
loose teeth and inflamed gums, affecting 45 per cent, and due to
mercury and nitric acid fumes;
tremors (trembling or twitching
of the body), 55 per cent.; excessive tiredness, 29 per cent.
An announcement of special
interest to you will appear
ln the next issue of tbls
CHICAGO (FP)—A strike of the
pattern makers involving all pattern makers in the jobbing industry in Chicago and vicinity has
been called by the Pattern Makers'
Association of Chicago and vicinity. The strike is 100 per cent
effective and was called to enforce
the union or closed shop, a minimum wage of $1.25 an hour, for
the 8-hour day and 44-hour week.
Mention the Advocate and dealer
will know you.
Geo. McCuaig
Pbone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Specialist ln Trasses for Men, Women,
Children and Infants
Phone Sey. 3820
959 Robson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
23  Yesrs   Established  in  Vancouver
Unions Win New
Trial in Scab's Suit
(NVER,  Colo.*—The   Brother-
of Railroad  Trainmen and
of Railway Conductors won
Itory when the Colorado stute
Ime   court   handed   down   a
lon reversing the lower courts
■hlch  R. ,F-  Jones, a former
|jctor on the Denver & Inter-
Railroad was awarded $50,-
iamages against the Brother-
his suit  Jones claimed  the
herhoods ha.1 prevented him
securing a livelihood because
ia failure to Join in a strike
pal years ago.
le high court ordered a new
Strikebreaker Hearst
Sings His Own Praise
(By Federated Pre^s)
CHICAGO—(FP) — Ghastly silence ln labor quarters greeted the
25th anniversary, July 4, of
Hearst's Chicago American. Will-
lam Randolph Hearst, for a score
of years the Idol of the organized
printing trades, is now a black
On the day that his evening dally
In Chicago screamed out its own
praises after a quarter of century
of publication, three printing trndes
unions were stubbornly continuing
a year's battle against the scab
Hearst morning daily in Seattle,
the Post-Intelligencer.
The Typographical unton, the
Stereotypers and the Mailers are In
the 14th month of their struggle to
make Hearst pay at least as high
wages and meet nt least as good
conditions as the other publishers
ln Seattle. Meanwhile Hearst Is
using strike-breakers to get that
paper out.
CHICAGO —(FP)—The blacksmiths employed at the Gibson
Spring company have gone out on
strike in sympathy with the locked-
out springmakers, machinists aud
toolmakers. Over 150 workers are
now out fighting the ultimatum of
the company that the "open shop"
would be installed.
U. S. Government May
Import Strikebreakers
, (By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON—(FP) — Secretary of Labor Davis having washed
his hands of the Bricklayer-Plasterer jurisdictional dispute which
threatens to tie up building operations in many eastern cities, is
sailing again for Europe to study
the possibility of importing labor
to break jurisdictional strikes.
Under the present law the secretary of labor may determine that
a shortage of labor' ln a skilled
trade exists, and he may admit
enough alien workers ln that class
to meet the shortage. While the
law does not mention strikes as
creating a shortage, it does not
forbid the admission of alien workers to.break strikes. Its intention
is that none shall be admitted from
abroad so long as skilled men can
be secured in the United States to
meet the need.
—Meots socond Monday in tho month.
President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 86.
In Tour Subscription Today.
WASHINGTON—The Rev. Garrett L. Allen, retired army chaplain, and Judge Myles S. Macor
-formerly of Chicago, were under
arrest here charged with passln*,'
$600 worth of bogus checks. According to the police, Allen wrote
the checks and Macon cashed
them. When arrested Macon sail
he would make good the checks.
PATERSON, N. J.—(FP)--Rib"
bon weavers organized In the Associated Silk Workers and United
Textile Workers' Unions are demanding 12 per cent wage increase
from Peterson silk mills. The
unions are working together lo
secure their demands.
makers of the Paterson silk textile
industry are asking for a new wage
scale which will give them a 30
pir cent, increase in wages.
The tent city to house evicted
strikers of the American T'u-ead
Co. mill was formally opened
July 7.
WEBSTER, Mass.—Spinn3rs of
the Mannexit Spinning Co. are
striking against a proposed wage
Unions Take Note
Trades Unions are invited to
make use of this page. Send in
reports of your union activities
and keep those who are absent
ln touch with what is happening.
Send in Your Subscription Today
111, 319 Ponder St. West. Business
meetings 1st and 3rd Wednesday even,
ings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis,
3544 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C.,  Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring information re securing speakers
nr the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary ,T. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vanconver, B.C. Telephone Seymour
1382,  or Bayvlew 5520.	
Meets second Thursday every month
in Holden Building. Prosidcnt, J. Bright-
well; financial secretary, H. A. Bow
ron, 929 llth Avenue East.
first snd third Fridays in each month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cnthill, 2852 Albert street; secretary-
treasurer, Geo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
Mayor of New York
Battles to Retain the
Scab Scale of Wages
(By Federated Press.)
New York.—Mayor Hylan, who
■yiakps his campaigns as "tlie
people's mayor," won the wrath
of t ulldlng trai!f.*-- workers when
H refused to gran*- their representatives nn adequate hearing
and would not promise that union
workers on city jobs would be
paid the prevailing wage rates
paid by private contractors. Representatives of the stonecutters,
carpenters, bricklayers and other
unions argued with the mayor
and his budget director, Edward
W. Buckley.
Hylan tentatively agreed that
the union painters will get 50c a
day raise on city jobs, making
their rate $9.50, a dollar less than
on private Jobs. Bricklayers may
get $1 raise. $10 n day. while the
prevailing private rate is $12 to
$16. Ironworkers will get $1.60
more, $10.50 a day, while the
prevailing rate Is $12. ffvlan
argues that the city cannot afford
more, but union representatives
promise to come back to fight for
increases up to the prevailing
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
—Locnl   882—Meets    evory    Wednesday
at  8  p.m.,  Room  806. Holden  Building.
President,  Charles Price;  business agent
and financial secretnry,  P. L. Hunt; recording secretary, J. T. Venn.    ______
UNION,   Local   145,   A.   P.   of   M —
Meets In Cotillion Hall, corner of Davie
nnd  Granville streets, second  Sunday at
10 am.    President, E. A. Jamleson, 991
Nelson   street;   secretnry.   ...   W.   Allen,
Ml Nelson street; flnnncial secretary,
W. E. Wllllnms, 991 Nelson stroet; or*
tr.nl7.er,  P.  Fletcher,  991 Ne'son  street.
UNION OP CANADA—Headquarters
at. Rooms 5, 8 and 7, Plack Building,
183 Hastings Street \V„ Vnncouver, B.C.
Tel. Sey. 3698. President, Robert. Thom;
Vice-President. David Gillespie; Sec'y*
Tronsurer. Wm. IT. Donaldson. Vietoria
Branch, Room 11, Green Block. Broad
Street, Victoria, B.C. Phono 1906.
President. R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, C, F. Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Meets Inst Sundny of ench month st 2
p.m. in Holden Building,  16 Hastings E*
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D
Maedonald; secretary-treasurer. J. V.
Cnmpbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
-I"**.**-,'!*!***   nf  »neh  month.
JFarntw-Hahflr Abtro.ra.fo
With Which Is Incorporated
By the Labor Publiihini Oo.
Buslnesi  and  Editorial   Office,
1129 Howe St.
The Canadian Former-Labor Advocate li
a  non-factional  weekly   newspaper,   giving news of the farmer-labor movement
in action.
Subscription Rates: United Ststes and
foreign, $2.50 per year; Canada, t.
per year, $1 for six months; tonnloai
subscribing In a body, 16c per member  per   month.
Member  The Federated  Press  and  The
  Brltlih labor Preu -*/_.
Page Six
Friday, July 17, 1^
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by VV. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
WHILE  the  S.S.   "E.  D,
ley"  of the Kingsley Naviga
tion Co. was at the Wallace Ship
yard for repairs, two firemen left
the ship by mutual consent. As
the "Kingsley" has always carried
union men it was natural to expect
that non-union men would not be
wanted In their places, but one
non-union man, in the person of
J. Hutton, was successful in getting one of the jobs. When it became known that he was opposed
to the principles of organized
labor and was not packing a union
card, the union men complained,
and efforts were made to have
Hutton either backed out or the
union men would not sail with him.
To avoid trouble, Hutton was told
that he couldn't have the job except he got matters straightened
out with the union.
Hutton was elected by the Federated Seafarers' as patrolman
some time ago but did not meet
with success. After leaving the
job on short notice he sailed from
here on an American ship. Returning from the Orient he shipped on
the tug "Moresby" from the union
hall, and while on that tug decided
to have no more to do with the
Union. Previous to joining the
Federated Seafarers' he was practically jeered by a crowd of union
men for not being organized.
He joined the organiztion in
June, 1922, and fell in arrears
from May, 1923. There are a few
more like Hutton on the waterfront
that will meet with the same fate
sooner or later.
Kings-fship was one of the best the C.G.
M.M. had. until orders were given
to cut down the rations, which was
very ably done by the chief steward, who was later promoted to
the position of "wharf policeman"
for the C.G.M.M. During the voyage the sailors and firemen were
worked overtime with the usual
results aboard C.G.M.M. ships—
no pay for it. In one case one of i
the crew was logged $8.00 for
being away from the ship two days
while in his home town. The rate
of pay received by this man was
$2.00 per day. As he had no time
allowance for overtime he natur
ally thought* there would be no
fines, but instead of that -®
logged two for one. The sailors
and deck boys reported that the
boatswain was one of the meanest
fellows they had ever been shipmates with.
The S.S. "Canadian Freighter"
of the Canadian Government
Merchant Marine, arrived in port
after having been away since
March 17. The crew state that
during the voyalge, while there
was no extra shortage of food on
the ship, what they got was putrid
and  unfit for consumption.    This
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to  $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Service for Bepairs
All Work Guaranteed
Special Attention  to  Mail  Orders
H. Harvey
Established in Vaneonver in 1897
Several members of the Seafarers' Union have written from outside points and are much pleased
to note the medium of the "Advocate" for reporting progress and
activity of the union. "Porky
Fleming',' Bro. McLeod and Bro.
Cook are among the correspondents. Bro. Merrldan writes from
Australia, and Bro. Thompson
writes from Prince Rupert.
A visit with success was paid to
outlying districts of Vancouver on
behalf of the Union. Port Moody,
loco, New Westminster were some
of the places covered.
There is mail at the Headquarters for the following members:
J. Atkins, H. Heckitt, P. Bailey,
L. Barrett, A. BestWick, E. Cook,
L. Crocker, C. J. Erickson, F. L.
Evans, D. Faulds, H. Flanagan,
H. G. Fisher, J. Gerachy, C. H.
Hewitt, J. Hodson, G. Jamieson,
J. Jansen, R. N. Jones, J. Johnson,
J. Maekay, M. Maddigan, G. Mahoney, J. Maskell, D. Morgan, W.
Morgan, J. McDonald, H. McKenzie, O. Oakley, L. Ochs, J. O'Neill,
A. Patterson, E. Pattison, C. Patterson, A. E. Putnam, J. Scott, A.
Smith, W. Thean, J. Thompson,
J. E. Thomas, B. Tovey, B. Tulk,
J. Whitecross, A. Williams, J.
Williams, Wm. Worrall, J. M.
Woodhead. Members are asked to
pick up all mail as soon as convenient or it will be returned after
a period of three months.
Brother Tom Bauldie is rapidly
getting well again at the Genera!
Hospital. "Dad" Gilmartin, one of
the veterans of the union is in
Ward 1, General Hospital, suffering from ulcerated varicose veins.
Brother W. Flett is in Ward E,
General Hospital. Several seafaring men are in St. Paul's Hospital
and although not members of the
Federated Seafarer's Union are
visited regular, and when necessary are given advice in cases arising out of their work. Members
are urged to visit members in hospital. The Seafarer's Union will
supply information to visitors from
the union.
According to the press the Ford
Motor Co. are operating vessels for
the transportation of the famous
"tin lizzies". The wages paid these
seamen are $105.00 per month.
Firemen are paid a similar rate,
Fear Ford's Ship Wage
Indicates Speeding Up
(Federated Press Corr.l
NEW YORK—(FP)—-The effect
of Henry Ford's advanced wage
scale for his freight ship Oneida
on shipping wages in general is
being hotly discussed by seimen as
weli as ship owners. The Oneida
hns a minimum wage of. $100. The
complete scale is:
Monthly        Ford Sh.'.p g Private
Wage scale boa,'. <i  U. S.
V.rst officer ....$225' $180      $155
Second officer    175
Third officer.... 150
Boatswain  • 125
Able seaman.... 105
Ord. seaman.... 100
Radio operator 150
1st asst. eng'r 225
2nd asst. eng'r 225
Srd asst. eng'r 150
Oilers   110
Firemen  105
Stewards   160
Cooks   100
Messmen    100
What sort of speeding up Ford
expects to put into his shipping
venture to make higher wage scale
profitable is one of the main points
under discussion. In Ford's automobile works his higher wage rate
is immensely profitable, because of
his standardized production system, each worker speeded up on
some small part of the wo k on
each machine.
One shipowner declares that
Ford's wages will attract more
young men to sea servico inasmuch
as $100 on ship is easily equal to
$180 on shore when maintenance
is so high. Ford is ln a somewhat
similar position to Standard Oil
and the steel trust whose oil tankers can pay higher than shipping
board rates because of a certain
amountof assured cargo.
British Skipper Collides
With Soviet Laws
MOSCOW.—The following character • episode is reported' from
The captain of a British vessel
which was being laden with Soviet
goods at Vladivostok, ordered a
Chinese porter chained on board
the ship because he suspected him
of having stolen a pack of cigarettes.
The news caused great indignation among the workers of Vladivostok and several thousands of
workers gathered in the port and
demanded that the captain release
the Chinese worker.    But in vain.
He was finally freed through
the intervention of the Soveit port
authorities who made it clear to
the captain that such action was
intolerable in a Soviet port The
captain will not leave the port but
is held and will come up for trial
before a Soviet court.
(Staff Correspondent  Federated Press)
TV/TOSCOW—(FP)—Stimulated by f remembered in America as
the new Russian patent law,
which gives the individual worker
a better chance to reap a reward
from his invention than anywhere
else iij the world, all sorts of technical Improvements are appearing
in the Soviet Union. Whereas in
America an invention made by a
worker, in a factory belongs to. the
factory, ,atid application for its
patent is made in the name of the
factory, in Russia the individual
workman who devises something
new and useful is fully protected.
While America charges $15 for the
original application and larger
sums for other fees connected with
the patent, in Russia patenting is
free. Only, when the inventor begins to make a profit from his invention must he pay a tax. Until
that time, the working over of his
ideas is considered a public service.
Many Inventor's Societies
There are inventor's societies in
all large cities. The inventions
made by workers at the present
stage are chiefly minor labor-
saving and material-saving devices.
But already a new brake, superior
to the Westinghouse, is being manufactured in Russia. It was the
invention of a railway worker.
The more complicated Inventions
so far are made by the technical
scientific institutes in which the
best engineers and scientists of the
land are working in the service of
government industry. This is one
of the three departments now
under the general management of
Leon Trotsky.    Ludwig    Martens,
representative there,  continue
be in the active management
this work.   A new way of man
bricks has been invented in t]
institutes—a purely chemical
which dispenses with baking
is likely to. make brick houses *j
about one-third of   their
price.    A    new    form of elec]
motor has been  developed
does not need a rheostat,
about 15 per cent of the cost|
motors.    These are made in
ernment plants.
Effects of Revolution
While Russia is technically 4
tremely backward In a sense '
the American, used from babyh
to automobiles    and    mechan
devices,, can hardly appreciate,
still   has   a   tremendous   ene.
among   her   workers, released!
the revolution.    Every time I
a factory I feel this.    In spitd
the fact that revolutionary end
siasm, as far    as    demonstrate
and parades go; is subsiding
habit, expressing itself on natic|
holidays—yet down in the fao
les there is an increase of relel
energy.    Old    women are eag
learning to read and write;
and more intelligent workers,
learned reading and writing on
year or two ago, are pressing
technical night schools.   Centel
around every factory are dozen!
clubs and classes and organlzatf
for every variety   of   social
technical purpose.   All   this
menting -life has produced not!
results   in   the   improvement!
workers' conditions.
For live readable news of tho
farmer-labor movement, read THE
and ordinary seamen $100 per
month, with mess boys to look after the tables and accomodation
of the sailors and firemen. Three
watches on deck and overtime for
all work over eight hours per day,
and holidays at the home port on
Patronize   Our  Advertisers
Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept ln Stock
Convicts Tortured in
Georgia Penitentiary
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTA—(FP) —The Iron
Maiden is revived hy Fulton
county, Ga„ since the whipping
post went i|Pto discard. It is a
small solitary confinement cell in
which the prisoner is placed. He
can neither stand up nor sit down,
lt being built just large enough
for a man to be jammed In and no
When the door is closed the only
ventilation is several small air
holes bored ln the top of the cage.
When the prisoner's ration of
bread and water is brought to him,
it is shoved through a small sliding
square, kept closed at other times.
Once a day, the superintendent of
Fulton county convict camps has
the cells washed clean of their
human refuse and fumigated, the
prisoner then being placed back for
another 24 hours of suffering.
Not content with the iron maidens, the county prison commission
alsc approved of stocks placed in
narrow cells in which the prisoner's feet and hands are locked Ugh*,
fcr 24 hours.
CHICAGO — Nineteen   radl
testing freedom of speech on
cago streets will come up be
Chief Justice Olson of the mu^
pal court July 22.   They are
bers    of   the Workers' Party,]
cused of speaking   on   the
without a permit.
The advertiser is always
ested In knowing where you
his advertisement.    Just mel
the Advocate and you'll see,
76 Hastings East
51th Batt.  and 72nd Ba|
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Ordera Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Ston
•The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Ont by First Mail
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.C
■   ■
_____________■ May, July 17, .1925
Page Seven
idon County Council
ef uses to Admit Marx
fas a Famous Resident
(By Federated Press)
JINDON—Poor old Karl Marx-
Eild he turn in his grave in
taate cemetery if he knew that
[London county council refused
recognize him as one of the
lous men who have lived in
Idon? In spite of the fight put
[by the labor members of the
ncil, after   much   debate   the
aell refused to affix one of its
fcomary notices (stating name
I date of the notable concerned)
house in which Marx lived
file in London. Whether it was
[beard, which so much annoyed
i. Wells, that went against him,
| whether the doughtly council-
thelr breasts still ruffled by
[feeling aroused in the late war,
arded him as an enemy alien is
leanwhile Marxism   has   made
se  strides  in  England and   is
lively challenging Fabianism for
leadership of the labor movent. It Is even rumored that the
ae of Karl Man-' has penertated
the universities. We suspect
It if Karl Marx did turn in his
fve it was to hide a smile.
(wer of British
Police Is Increased
By Government
[.ONDON—An   instance   of   the
in which the Government is
lengthening   the   power   of   the
pee  is  contained   in   the   new
itinai Justice Bill.
Chile  the  Bill  was  being  dis-
sed in committee objection was
|en by thie Labor members to a
ain clause which provided that
|lr« a magistrate is told on oath
there is ground for suspect-
that an indictable offence   is
[ut to be committed,   he   may
a search warrant authorizing
Nonstable  or   other   person   to
(sr the place named and search
the   premises   and   anyone
hd on them at any time.
,ft»r protests had   been   made
hson-Hicks,  the   Home  Secre-
offered to alter the clause so
only police officers above the
. of inspector would be allowed
ave the warrant, and that per-
found on the premises could
Lbe searched. „
p'hen it came to voting,  how-
the clause went through un-
knded, except in a minor detail.
|ONDON.—Poverty  was  plead-
)»y the employers in the paint
| color Industry, at a meeting of
esentatives   qt   the   National
pn  of  General Workers,   who
landed  an  Inerease  of   6s.   a
Ik for men employed in the in-
|ry.   The existing minimum is
52s. a week.
iVDERS wanted for aupply of $1200
forth of Electrio Lamps, to be sup-
to Vancouver School Board Stock
in case lots aa required. Quote
as follows:
HU Nit-os, %-frosted, etched V.
Vatt Tungstens, plain.
Vatt Tungstens, plain.
Vatt Tungstens, plain,
bdera in aealed envelopes, endorsed
fIDEKS   FOR  LAMPS,"   to  be   in
of the seoretary by 6 p.m. Mon-
3rd August, 1926.
Seoretary School Board.
NDERS wanted, 2000 tons Vancou-
ter    Island    Ooal,    for   Vancouver
ol Board,    Quote prlcea aa follows,
•ered in bunkers, any school of Van-
fer School Board:
Double acreened lump, per ton.
ISlack, per ton.
finder   to   state   B.T.U.'s   of   Coal
led on.    Ton  to  be  2000  lbs.,  and
Died to School Board as required by
ffiduad orders.
(west tender not necessarily accept-
\ Tenders,  ln  sealed  envelopes,  en-
Ed   "OOAL TENDERS,"   to  be   ln
la of the secretary by 5 p.m. Mon-
i 3rd August,  1025.
Seoretary Sohool Board.
Education of Workers    tBritish Labor Calls        fBritish Labor Urges
WiU Be Consolidated
(Federated Press Corr.)
LONDON—(FP)*—The scheme
devised through the' British
Trades Union Congress for coordinating worker education activities was approved by the annual meeting of the 'National
Council of Labor Colleges Jutfe 1,
subject to three conditions. The
conditions are that the objects of
the scheme ("to provide working
class education in order to enable
the workers to develop their capacities, and to equip them for their
trade union, labor and-cooperative
activities generally, in the work of
securing social and industrial
emancipation") must be embodied
in the programs of the organizations participating in the merger;
that the National Council shall
continue to arrange classes direct
with the trade unions; and that
it shall be free to maintain its
propaganda for independent working class education and to criticize attempts to extend university
education in the social sciences
taught to worker classes.
Affiliations Increase
The National Council reports an
increase in the number of trade
union education affiliations from
90 to 139 and of study classes from
300 to 1,016 within the last twelve
months. Over 35,000 students
attended its classes and lectures
during 1923-24. Its education work
is based on the class struggle and
it stands for education of a working class character under working
class control. The National Council is composed of 114 labor colleges, one of which, the Londan
Labor College, is residential.
Joint Control
Under the approved scheme
Ruskin College at Oxford and the
London Labor College will come
under control of a national joint
committee, including representatives of the Trades Union Congress
General Council, the National
Council of Labor Colleges, the
London Labor College, the Workers' Educational Association,, Ruskin College and the cooperative
Danish Strikers Thank
Their Class Comrades
For Aid in Struggle
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—Attempts have beeu
made by the capitalist press of
Britain to represent the result of
the Danish wage fight as a "defeat" for the workers, the conclusion of the disputo being described
as the "collapse" of a strike movement.
What actually happened was
that an attempt by the employers
to force wage cuts by a national
lock-out was frustrated by the remarkable solidarity of the Danish
workers, reinforced by the support
of the International Trade Union
"We have won an honorable
fight," says a letter of cordial
thanks for help given, addressed
to the International Federation of
Trade Unions by the Danish National Centre.
Apart from the financial side,
our unions came out of battle
without any loss of strength. The
obstinancy of our resistance will no
doubt protect us from any recurrence of such an attack for a long
time to come.
"The moral and financial assistance rendered to the Danish workers by their class comrades in other
lands has contributed largely to
the successful Issue of the strug
"Long live   international   solid
Special Session of
Trades Congress
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—The following statement was Issued from the London
Headquarters of the Trades Union
Congress, on Tuesday, June 23:
The General Council of the
Trades Union Congress at its meeting today considered the grave
unemployment situation and de
-cided to call a special Trades
Union Congress, to be held on
Friday, July 24, at the Central
Hall, Westminster, London.
The General Council viewed
with apprehension the rapid and
substantial increase in the official
total of unemployed workers and
had under consideration the^grow
ing seriousness of the industrial
situation. >
It was felt that the existing grave
state of affairs demanded the call
ing of a special Trades Union Con
gress to consider the whole prob
lem of unemployment. Every
affiliated trade union will be in
vited to be represented.
British Trade Slumping
At Rapid Rate
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—An alarming slump
in trade during May, as compared
with May, 1924, when a Labor
Government was in office, is indicated in the foreign trade returns,
issued last week:
May, 1925    May, 1924
Exports ....    64,204,484 . 70,260,882
Imports .... 104,278,466 122,037,155
Total volume of
Trade  £168,482,950 £192,298,037
Decrease     £23,815,087
The most serious feature of the
returns is the falllng-off in exports
of coal, and in imports of raw material.
The drop in imports of raw mar
terials plainly indicates that British manufacturers anticipate a
largely decreased demand for fin*
ished products from the people of
the country.
They expect, in short, that wage
cuts now in operation and to come
will vastly reduce the spending
power of the masses, who provide
the chief market.
Meanwhile, the number of unemployed is more than a quarter of
a million in excess of the figures
obtaining a year ago.
Coal Miners Oppose
Royalty Compensation
LONDON.—No compensation to
owners of royalty under nationalization of the mines is the majority demand of the miners of
Great Britain, ln response to an
invitation for an opinion on the
subject sent out by the executive
of the British miners' federation.
The industry is saddled with the
obligation to pay royalty on every
ton of coal to the owners of the
land on which the coal is mined.
One landowner alone, the Duke of
Northumberland, has averaged 14c
a ton on a yearly output approximating 2,000,000 tons, without
making any contrirbution to the
LONDON.—Wages in the gas industry were aain considered at a
meeting of the Joint Industrial
Court for the trade on June 11,
butwas later adjourned to enable
the Union's representatives to meet
their Eecutives.
The.men claim an increase of 2s.
per day or shift, time and a quarter for night, duty, and a two-week.**
annual holiday with pay.
About 70,000 men are affected,
Trade With Russia
(Federated Press Correspondent)
LONDON —A special British
Trades Union Congress will meet
in London July 24 to deal with
unemployment. Normally the next
congress would be the annual
meeting the flrst week in September, but the general council takes
the view that the emergency will
not wait.
Labor Party tSeps In
The national unemployment demonstrations of June 21 were no
empty gesture and the general
council will follow up with the
utmost vigor to compel the government to act or make way for
one that will. In the house of
commons the Labor party moved
a vote of censure on the government for failure to deal with the
growing unemployment and a
trade union deputation has called
on the prime minister urging complete diplomatic recognition of
Russia and the extension of greater
facilities, to relieve unemployment
by new markets.
Baldwin's Attitude
In reply, prime minister Baldwin
stated that Russia had never taken
more than a small percentage of
the export trade of Britain, but
admitted that her return to the
sphere of world trade would be of
considerable value. Austen Chamberlain, foreign minister, denied
that the recognition of Russia was
incomplete, and both he and Baldwin asserted that the government
would welcome the inclusion of
Russia in the league of nations.
Recent developments in the railroad and mining industry * will
probably force the special congress
to deal with these matters as well
as unemployment.
Where British Workers
Are Employed
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—Changes in the distribution of Labor as between various industries and services are interestingly revealed.
The number of people engaged
in domestic service has fallen from
1,965,000 in 1911, to 1,473,000 in
1921, a decrease of more than 3
per cent. There is also a considerable fall in the number of people
ongaged in the making of clothes.
On the other hand, the number
of people engaged in the working
of precious metals has risen from
112,000 in 1911 to 142,000 in 1921.
There has been a fall in the
number of agricultural workers,
and in those engaged in building
and construction. The principal
industrial increases are in mining,
metals and engineering—that is, in
the industries where unemployment is most severe.
British "Steel House"
Workers Go On Strike
(British Labor Press Service)
GLASGOW.—Workers employed
on building Weir houses at Lanarkshire struck work on May 30. Tho
dispute arises from the non-observance of the building trades hours
and conditions.
The contract placed by the Lanarkshire Committee with Lord
Weir's firm has a fair wage clause
but the committee refused to compel Messrs. Weir to observe the
building trade conditions.
It is stated that laborers on the
scheme were being paid 10 %d. an
hour, compared with the building
rate of ls. 3Vt., and had to work
47 hours a week as against 44.
Three hundred men, all of whom
are Trade Unionists, are Involved.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
Hasklns & Elliott, 800 Pender W.
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.
Hannah Lund; 924 Birks Bldg., gives
instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.   1213.	
Leslie  Coal Co.  Ltd.,  944  Beach
Ave., Sey. 7137. '
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   801  Dominion
Bldg. ^
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cordova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tings St. B.	
Cordova St. W., few doors west of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window glasB.	
Hotel   Stratford,  Gore  Ave.   and
Famous  Cloak   &  Suit  Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
W.   B.  Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B. Bruimmitt, 18-20 Cordova
.V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
965  Robson  St.     Sey.  2094.
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hastings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastings
Street Fast.
\_4 St., 3 large photon, $1 with ad.
Extra photo free.	
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hastings Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
Fred Kaltenbach, 305 Carrall St.
."TENDERS WANTED for 2200 Steel
*■*■ School Lockers. Por sketch and
specifications apply Vancouvor School
Board offices, corner Hamilton and
Dunsmuir streets. Quotations in sealed
envelopes ond endorsed "Tenders for
Steol Lockers," must be in hands of
the undersigned by Monday, 20th July,
1925, not later than 5 p.m,
Secrotary Vancouver School Board.
For a Day's Outing
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eustern Ry.
(Via No. Vancouver Oity Ferries)
Leavo North Vancouver for all
stations 8:40 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past each hour until 8:80
p.m. Roturn from Whyteclifl
9:25 a.m. and 25 minutes past
each hour until 9:25 p.m.
Purchase Tickets at Ferry Wharf
and 633 Oranvllle Street
Return Fares From Vancouver:
Adults 70c; Children 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. 300      Seymour 9331 i*age Eight
Friday, July 17, 192fi|
: if,
V *(/
4<ttfc>nat *"pft<^
Address AU  Letters  a*nd
Remittances to the Editor
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
ll/rURDERING hank robbers, like
stealing- railroads or gambling
in wheat, appears to bc a lucrative pastime. The Ontario lady
who drilled daylight through a
burglar who was attempting to
connect with a few nickels belonging to the Imperial Bank of
Canada is to be awarded $5000
for ber heroism in protecting the i
bank's property. Wben a bank
manager forecloses a farm mortgage and drives Uie tanner and
his family out to starve It Is not
regarded as murder, but as being
In full conformity to capitalism's
business ethics.
•    *    *
JED DOHENY, the gentleman
wbo assisted tn "swiping"
Uncle Sam's oU reserves, is suffering mental anguish because ot
the destruction of churches in
Santa Barbara. But Doheny is a
patriot, and a God-fearing, mag*
nanlmous patriot, at tliat. He
Intends investing a few "Tea Pot
Dome" dollars in repairing Our
Lady of Sorrows Church. II the
lady has any oil leases or loose
dollars lying around she is liable
to be sorry tbat she ever evoked
Doheny's sympathy.
»   *   •
BRITISH PEERS, according to
press reports, are not "bookworms." Fungus has been discovered ' upon tbe books In the
House of Lords' library. This
fact is heralded by the daily press
as front page news, but it is difficult to see where the news
comes in. The mental apparatus
of these gentlemen has been moss
grown for, lo! these many years,
and lt Is to be expected that tbe
bindings tbey display for appearances sake should be in keeping
with their mental condition.
* »    «
shape o( railroad owners, bave
been considering down in Ottawa
how to Inveigle a few more Europeans into parting with the price
of boat and train fare to Canada.
This stunt ls known as "Getting
Immigrants on tbe land." Tbe Immigrants wUl get on tbe land, all
right, except the boat sinks, but
that ls all they will get, outside
of "getting tbe -books thrown into
ITAIG & HAIG'S diplomatic plen-
ipotentlary lias been going the
rounds. So far, we have not beard
tto wbat extent the blends manufactured by tills company bave
replaced the demand for "Old
Crow," "Jaccy" and /'canned
heat," but doubtless tlie results
have bcen considerable But tbe
firm needs tbe money, and their
star salesman should get results.
Tbis advertisement is not paid for
by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Government of B.C.
* *    *
DACPERS, according to the Van-
A couver-.Province, are not wanted ln Canada. _ For once we agree
witb Vancouver's Brahmin-ln-
Chief. We arc already well supplied with industrial magnates,
stock promoters, landlords, pimps,
and otber idlo vagabonds. We
could also dispense with tbe gentlemen who roam the country and
whoso sole task appears to be eating dinners and luncheons. Tbey
serve no useful purpose, and make
but sorry ornaments. Tbey should
all lie deported to Russia, where
they would either have to work
or starve.
■CANADIAN FARMERS, no matter whether their crops be
large or small, can be assured of being fleeced. In fact,
the larger their crop, the larger the fleecing. James Stewart,
ex-chairman of the Canadian "Wheat Board, and president of
the Maple Leaf Milling Company, recently broke into print,
proclaiming that Canada's crop this year would exceed five
hundred million bushels. Immediately the statement appeared
the gamblers on the wheat exchange got busy, and within
a few days the price had dropped. It matters not to the
Canadian farmer whether his crop be large or small, the best
lie can hope to do, under the present system, is to receive
sufficient to pay the interest on his mortgage, so that he can
remain on the land and produce another crop next year, to
be skinned in the same way again. Like the wage worker,
he receives barely sufficient to cover his present wants. The
farmer is chained to the wheels of capitalism,' and only by
the destruction of this system can he hope to receive an
equitable reward for his toil.
#      #      #      #      #
EXPORTING CHILDREN from Britain to Canada was one
of the chief topics discussed by the British Women's
Labor party at its recent convention. Margaret Bondfield,
who toured Canada last year, and "studied" child immigration from the cushioned seats of a Pullman car and the sequestered seclusion of C.P.B. hotels, lost no time in trying to
impress upon the gathering reasons why children should be
dumped into this country. Maggie's acquaintance with the
working class grows less year by year, and what desire she
may have had to improve the lot of those who toil has disappeared since she was introduced to royalty and became
infatuated with "respectability." To her it is no longer a
question of so changing the present economic system that
children may be assured of an adequate living, but rather
to relieve the British bourgeoisie of the task of feeding them.
The Canadian capitalist class do.not throw their gifts around
indiscriminately, and when through their daily press, and their
various organizations, they welcomed Miss Bondfield to this
country, they were but paving the way for assuring themselves of a supply of cheap and easily exploited labor.
L'ARL HAIG has been in our midst, and the ruling class in
this vicinity have lost no time in toting their prize catch
around the countryside, where he can hand out bucketfuls of
slobbering sentiment and witless advice. When someone who
has spent a lifetime of work and study on behalf of those
who work for a living tenders them advice he receives but
scant attention, but immediately the titled scion of a Scottish
distillery arrives he is acclaimed as a seer of the first water,
even although his ignorance of Canadian conditions is exceeded only by his ignorance of all momentous social questions. Whatever the earl may know about dodging bullets
at military headquarters, what he hasn't learned about sociology and political economy would fill all the books that
have ever been written on these subjects. But the needs of
imperialism is causing the dogs of war to bark on every
hand, and it may not be long until the exploited victims of
the last war are again required, so their late commander is
put on exhibition, and they are being asked to forget their
grievances by shaking his hand.
' *****
rpHE CHINESE TROUBLE still continues to hold the centre
of the stage in world events. All the great powers interested in the economic conquest of China are busy jockeying
for position. Uncle Sam is insisting upon calling a conference of world powers to-consider giving up extra-territorial
rights in China. Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary, declares that Britain will not relinquish her hold, although a few days before the British foreign office stated
they were not opposed to a conference on this question, but
that China herself objected to it, until "a more stable government is established." British conservative newspapers state
that the abrogation of extra-territorial rights would work a
grave hardship on the Japanese, and that United States' insistence upon calling a conference on this matter is tantamount to declaring war upon Japan. But, war or no war,
U. S. imperialists are intent upon using this question as a
means of winning Chinese favor and thus fastening the claws
of American'imperialism upon the Chinese workers.
WE HEARD a story once, if onr
memory fails not at a revival
service, and It tbat ls tbe case the
truth of it cannot be doubted. It
went something liko this: A
preacher was out walking one day
and came across a crowd of boys
playing in a field. They formed
a circle by holding hands, and in
the centre of the circle was a dog.
The preacher asked: "What are
yoii playing, boys?" Tbere was a
shbit pause, until finally one boy,
possessing more courage than the
others, said: "Oh, just a game.
We are telling lies, and the boy
who tells the biggest lie gets the
dog." "Now, that's very bad,"
said the preacher. "When I was
a Uttle boy I never swore, told a
lie, nor did any of those bad
tilings." The boys shouted ln
chorus: "Give him tbe dog."
This story was brought to our
mind by a picture in last Sunday's
Province. The picture showed tbe
envoys of foreign governments being shown the collection of crown
jewels of the late royal family of
Russia. The legend stated that
the gems were valued at $25,000,-
000, and that they were not sold
by tlie Soviet Government, nor
stolen by Red leaden.
This is really marvelous. We
do not remember how many
trunks full of the Czar's jewels
were smuggled abroad; bow many
Incipient revolutions started, and
how many strikes fomented with
the money raised from tlie sale
of these jewels by the Soviet Government and its agents.
History, it seems, can never be
written at the time the event happens. It must wait ten, twenty,
fifty or a hundred years before a
true account of the event can be
The photograph reproduced ln
the Province is not very clear, but
if on© looks at it closely, with a
strong glass, one can detect faint
indications of slaver around thc
Ups of tbe foreign diplomats.   Jt\
you cannot see it this way, close,
your  eyes  and  you  can see  it
clearly. M.
The right arm of Labor Is r>
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVO,
Oome and Join the Happy
Band of Satisfied
Men's White Tennis Oxfords,
erepe soles  .'.   11.95
Boys' Tan Outing Shoes, crepe
solos, sizes 1 to £ . $1.50
Boys' Tan Outing Shoes, rug-
gatex soles, sizes 1 to a,.$1.26
Men's Fine Oxfords, tan or black,
sizes 6 to 10  $1.50
Men's  Straw Hats $1 to $3.50
Men's Orey Flannel Pants, special    $1.50
Men's Blue Serge Pants, 5 pockets, belt loops, cuff bottoms,
at    $2.95
Men's Khaki Pants, $1.70, $2.25
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boyp'    Furnishings,
Hats, Boots ud Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues *
Phone Fair. 11
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
101-108 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W„ Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour 6568 Snd 6667
Fir or Lamatco
We Sell Direot to
or in Small Quantitiei
We Deliver
anywhere and at your convenience. We can also supply you the right
Gregory& Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings E.
Closing Out
412 Hastings Street West
We Still Continue the Old Store at
■* * — •■ -' ■■


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