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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-10-02

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 With Which Is Incorporated THE) B.' C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.  Vie. 40
VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY MORNING, OCT/   cT.925
/
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
British Labor Men f% Kept Press
World'sWorkers pn Roadto Power
Enters a New Phage, Says Swales
<By .Scott Nearing, -Federated Membership in the Trade Union
; Pijresjs) Congress is about thirty thousantj.
SCARBOROUGH, Eng. — "It greater than lt Was lh 1924. The ,
seem to me, that we are entering number of delegates at the 1925
upon a new, phase J»f development congress is * 724, representing an
in t]he upward, straggle, pi our affiliated membership of 4,842,982.
class," said.A.B. Qwflj^, president>The.numb*ir of unions, on the oth-
of the British Trade Union Con- er hand, shows a steady decrease,
gress, in opening the annual meet- ns the process of consolidation is
tag. "All around are signs of. an ..•till.,in full jawing. There* are 15
awakening consciousness in the per oent fewer, separate unions in
peoples of all, wastries that the the  United , Kingdom ,than  there
. enMent system, of .society Is eon- were in. 1920.
demned. . . . ,* The hapkward cen- i     ,...,i„ ssssssagas-ss:
tree of industrial and political
slavery are rising in revolt against
the capitalist order of society; and
so we see India, China, and other
Eastern countries ln the throes of
upheaval and demanding the right
at aeir.determination. . . ..These
• Who belieye that a new order of . IN A «*o»Me »»»* eloquent address
society   is   Inevitable,   cannot   do on the conditions and prob.
other than rejoice that at last there leirw facing British Labor  Mr  A.
IZHZ.IS?£"J-t\-7-f °-^alkflen.fieerelwy pf the Brit-
rtovement rising in revolt and de- j^b^,, oierks Union, roundly
,*ffiiw4.-»* **• ott theahackles ^^ the yan0OUTOr T*
ot wage slavery.   Just aa^m-.peo- t<a it,mmoW attacks.won^rit-
Pie have Passed out of slavedom ^ ^—;** _. pubil7"m,£tillg
.into serfdom, and ou^of serfdqm^,,,, ^ tlMS J lces of ^
into wagedom, so will they finally ■ q^^ ^^ ^ny % the ^
pass;;put, .of. wagedom  Into free- „, .^^  on Sunday ^ ,a8ti
dom-" British mine owners, Mr. Walkden
3?he*e: sentences   sum   up   the pointed out,, had .ma^e a definite
main conclusions of a speech filled agreement,, with,the .miners and the
Baldwin  government  that   wages
■»'.«i HHiiliHHm't i»n»innii».n..|,n,( * '
LABOR'S
FIGHTING* FIVE
Vancouver Centre—
W. W. LEFEAUX
Vancouver Eurrard—
J. SIDAWAY
Vancouver South—
A. HURRY
* Vancouver North—
DR. W. J. CURRY
New Westminster—
ROSE HENDERSON
Vancouver
Old
France Looted by Chauvinists
Wall Street's Money Lenders Encounter a Snag
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
Press)
WASHINGTON—France cannot
pay a dollar of her debt to the
American treasury; she cannot
even balance her budget at home
without repudiating 60 per cent, of
the interest on her $300,000,000,-
000 francs of Internal debt, for a
period of years at least.
This is the substance of a 450-
page report on the French debt
problem, prepared by the Institute
rs Informed of
Country Labor Conditions
wtth references to the failure of
capitalism and to the necessity for
the working class to take hold of
the economic and technical Institutions and .create a new social order. "The workers must sweep
away such a system and replace
it by. a structure based upon co-
£pe.rat*toiv,?*.nd m. which every man
and woman will be assured the full
s fruits of their labor.' '
President Swales gave a careful
review of the present economic
situation in lhe.British Isles, and
would not 'be reduced inside of
nine months, and now when the
mining corporations were attempt
ing to break their agreement and
Dr. Curry Nominated
For North Vancouver
A well attended, and enthusiastic
meeting was held in the Foresters'
Hall at North Vancouver last evening, for the purpose of selecting
pointed out how* the Jpw standards ft canaldate t0 run on the Ubor
in..Jn«ia .and CMna were outtng tlcket jor that constituency.
under British living -and working
conditions.
Two Labor Candidates
Nominated in Alberta
CALGARY,     Alta.—With     two audience.
candidates -nominated on the Labor ticket  in  this  province,  and
-the* probability-of this number be-
After J. Dennis had outlined thc
object of the meeting, nominations
for a. candidate were called for,
and Dr. W. J. Curry, well known
in Labor circles for the last 20
years, and endorsed by the C. L. P.,
was unanimously selected by the
J.  Dennis,   1271—4th  Ave.  W.,
North  Vancouver,   was  appointed
_,_ j. _    _,    _ j.     , ,      campaign  manager,   and   Mr.   H.
.**.?,   *f.lx  ■ ^er«1.campal»n: Anderson,   IB   Lonsdale Ave*,   as
I**    *V__»   Altai-******     aaa   MuiAAAAIniw   *vi_*_»t._ **
ln this district is proceeding merrily*
George Latham, president of the
secretary Treasurer.
A liberal amount was there and
.,__.,_,        _,  _,      -      _,      then subscribed to the campaign
Alberta  Section  ot the  Canadian *   _,      _,        , _.
Lahor Party," is the candidate in ^.«na-^arly,en^h campaign
B«m»«6n,-.*ha-..is. reiving full■ \**?^ L^**^™   T
slash the miner's wages In certain
localities,. he found the, Vancouver
capitalist press endeavoring to
throw the onus on the miners.
The miners, Mr. Walkden continued, had had their wages slashed to the bone in 1921, and,when
the mine owners attempted to
make a further cut the remainder
of the British workers had put
their foot down and refused to permit the miners to be ground down
to a still lower level. The Trades
Congress had taken an active part
in effecting the settlement, and if
at the end of nine months, when
the present agreement expired, lt
was found necessary a special session of the Congress would be convened to deal with the question.
Local papers, the speaker pointed out, referred to British workers
refusing to work, and preferring
to live on the dole. The term
"dole" was a wrong expression. It
reality lt was a state Insurance
against unemployment, towards
which the workers had to contribute from their w.iges, and not
a gratuity from the government.
It was not a matter of refusing to
work, but of sheer inability to find
employment. The Vancouver dally
press would be well advised to secure further information before
attention to disseminate news.
Fascisti groups were being drilled for the alleged purpose of assisting the police. This was not
necessary, the speaker said. British workers had given no occasion
for private Individuals to arm
themselves, but If this was allowed
to go unchecked, If a gang of ir-
responslbles were going to be per-
support from members of the Unit-
sal^.tp p&y the J200 penalty, charg-
_,«_.._. _, __. »iv- _ _   _ _ ! ed fiy our Democratic Government
•dJPW»»r«:0t Alberta,^ eddent in f - jgfc %&f$_
As   the    Constituency    Includes
the workers* of Catearv in the lMt-PoWeU    Rlver' ' Brltannla    Mlnes>
1„,^_^?.!!-^L"; ,-■ Stillwater,   and   other   Industrial
his constituency.
William irvIn«,-who--represented
Highlights on This
Week's News
parliament Is
ln-.ttHrtllWl*ng.
a* candidate again
centres,  a  substantial   class-cons-
  oioua* vote should he rolled off for
. Utia,aandWaie. . All.in*.jwrosathy
XW»t!-«?*»XO!* t8_4flx.,-l>avl-n(|j-pt,with th»cauw.j..M cordially invited
Into -'-OtfcftftftMfta WtOa^'J^ 4^m^^mkl*^S their
; Top must preserve In it, mM&* ,*&,*rlthwt delay to the Treasur-
be^wyou_«»n foi^he jfe-esent, but ^ Mr. person.
■ *<afc**s*S*W'^M the
: m«y be.   The oii-9.-^SW&tial.point..5pre.JDlettfeis''wlll "be'held, and
Is to know thorouthly that It is jhe greater amount of literature
iKfliWJ.vJ»pw^ tq gre_ put of it--5Ww.il j'be distrlbjuted. and the edu-
cah   decide  aft*r-*»rd*: at  ^i^.^enalV^rnf thei*jnp&l|ri> Js
Mwi*MR«»k*n, ...jHg |tri«t4«ftJWrt*n*».
. CANADIAN Pago
-U._1.or Sp,eakprs Play Kept Press  1
Winnipeg  Labor   Porelnj   .shead  1
* J^Sgea Topple, Bread  Soars  1
BRITISH
Class War BnVjrs New ,Phase  T
XTnity .Struggle .Continues  7
■Lahor  Congress 'ttsensses Unemploy-
mont    ...;.......; '. :; **•■ 7
AMERICAN
I**bor Spies -.Sullslt Trade  ■!'
jSttil ,Act to Crash Strikes  »•
Sblldarity In- fltrlke  Area  S
FOREIGN
Chauvinists  Loot Trance...;  1
Hlndn  BtrlMra. Vict-rlom  8
Nd Httn'e Vfcwk Pdr Huaaiaii Children 6
mitted to drill, arm, and form- a
second Carson's army the government would be responsible for any
consequences that might ensue.
Mr. Walkden advised Canadian
workers to build up their organizations and get Labor representatives ..elected to parliament to
champion the cause of the work*-
ers. He hoped to see the Canadian
trade unions and the Canadian Labor Party develop, and become a
force In the country, as was the
case in GrcatBritain.
Ben Smith, general organizer of
the Transport Workers ■ In Britoin,
was the second speaker. He pointed out that In travelling through
(Continued on page 6)
Winnipeg Labor Will
Contest many Seats
WINNIPEG — Labor preparations for the federal election are
proceeding rapidly here. In the
City of Winnipeg, four candidates
have been nominated on the Labor
ticket, and ln various of the outlying constituencies preparations
are being made to nominate Labor,
Farmer-Labor, and Progressive
candidates.
Those already nominated In
Winnipeg are: J. S. Woodsworth,
North Centre; A. A. Heaps, North;
A. Henry, South Centre; and John
Kelly, South.
It will be noted that two of those
nominated on the Labor ticket in
this town are men who were arrested and tried for seditious conspiracy at the time of the general
strike In 1919. These are J. S.
Woodsworth and A. A. Heaps.
At the nominating convention
for Winnipeg North three other
names besides Mr. Heaps were
placed in nomination. These were
Aid. Jones; R. Durward, and Marcus Hyman. The first two named
declined nomination, and Mr.
Heaps was selected by a large majority, after which Hyman moved
that the nomination of A. A. Heaps
he made unanimous, and this was
done.
of Economics under direction of
Prof. Harold G. Moulton, and already submitted to the members of
the American debt commission.
If Moulton's figures are right,
the French are now paying more
than 22 per cent, of their national
income of all kinds, as taxes, more
than are the American taxpayers,
and fully as much as the British.
France's internal debt is now
paying 5 per cent, interest to the
holders. Moulton recommends .
that a "forced reduction" to 2 per
cent, be made, and that a special
surtax on large corporations and
individual incomes be provided, to
equalize the burden of confiscation among the well-to-do.' Cancellation or repudiation of three-
fifths of the interest bearing value
of government securities would
fall most heavily on banks and
farmers. Only by So'me such drastic measure, he holds, can the
French budget be balanced in the
future, and the currency stabilized
on a basis of three paper francs for
one gold franc—a value for the
franc of C.4S cents.   .
One of the surprises in the study
is the finding that military expenditures are a very small part of the
French national budget. Even lf
20 per cent, were to be cut from
this item, the budget deficit for
next year would be reduced hy
only one-eight. The war in Morocco will Increase the deficit, of
course, but peace would not save
the franc.
Members of the American dSbt
commission, studying this report
ar.e interested in Its tend fin cy to
make a farce of the coming of
Finance Minister Caillaux to America this fall. They realize that
Caillaux Is coming to borrow ?...0,- "
000,000 from Wall Streot, If he oan,
rather than to pay or obligate
France to pay $4,000,000,000 to the
treasury.
Wages Toppfcv Wheat
Drops; Bread Soars
T,he .life, of'.(Society is being
strangled by the forces which once
promoted ;it. The really vital and
powerful tendencies of our tinges
are toward a higher and Wider
form of.social and economic organization— toward Socialism, ■—
Thomas Klrkup,
MONTREAL—When the labor
market ls overstocked and hundreds of men walk tho streets
searching for work, it is a sure
sign that wages are about to bo
cut. When Canadian wheat elevators are bursting with grain it is
indication that the price of wheat
ls about to fall, but. no criterion
that the price of bread will follow
suit.
This fact was brought home tn
the delegates attending the Montreal Trades and Labor Couneil recently, when a letter from a local
union of the Steam and Operative
Engineers was read, pointing out
that "this years wheat crop was
larger than usual, that the price
quoted was helow what it has been,
and that employers were reducing
wages, but that the price of the
staff of life—bread—had increased.
The matter was referred' to the
Executive Committee.
Through want of enterprise and
faith men are where they are. buying and selling, and spending their
lives like serfs.—Thoreau. 1
P»f • Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, Ootober 2, 1925
Homesteads in Russia
Offered U.S. Farmers
Westminster Campaign    Labor Party Dance In
Going Ahead Steadily     Grandview Sat. Night
The candidature of Mrs. Rose
Henderson in Westminster Riding
ls being pushed vigorously
throughput the constituency and
arrangements for an intensive
campaign are almost  completed.
Mrs. Henderson was nominated
at a representative convention held
in the Labor Temple, New Westminster, on Saturday, September
19th, and the committee work was
entrusted to the following conveners. Organization, D. McCormack;
finance, Frank Browne; publicity,
M. Sorley, and transportation R.
Higgins. Councillor Gibbs of North
Burnaby, 3856 Halifax St., phone
Glenbum 24ST, has been appointed campaign manager and headquarters have been opened at 38
Begbie St., New Westminster.
As there ls much work, all Labor
sympathisers ln the constituency
who are willing to assist in any
way are asked to communicate
with the campaign manager or any
of the above mentioned convenors.
The first public meeting was
held in the Labor Temple on Saturday, September 26th, when Messrs
Smith and Walkden of the British
Labor Party gave inspiring addresses.
The next meeting was held on
Thursday, October 1st, In St.
George's Hall, when Mrs. Rose
Henderson, Dr. Curry, ahd R. P.
Pettipiece were the speakers.
Lefeaux suporters and their
friends will put on a Dance in the
Chamber of Commerce Hall,
Grandview, on Saturday evening,
October 3rd, 9 to 12 p.m. It will
be under the auspices of Vancouver Centre Campaign Committee,
Canadian Labor Party, and a collection will be taken to defray expenses and supplement campaign
funds. Secretary Wood, Highland
4147) in charge.
C.L.P. Dance, South
Vancouver, Oct. 3rd
The South Vancouver Labor
Party will hold a social and dance
ln the I. O. O. F. HaU on the
night of Saturday, October 3rd.
Admission will be free, but a collection will be taken up to defray
expenses.
All workers who can possibly be
present should make an effort to
attend. They are assured of saving a good time, and will at the
same time be helping along with
the election of the Labor candidates.
NEW TORK — (FP) — Homestead tracts in the fertile Volga
region and ln the Caucasus, are
offered to American farmers- by
the Society for Technical Aid to
Soviet Russia which is acting for
the Russian government. The
offer, advertised several months
ago, ls now going into effect, and
the Technical Aid Society is undertaking a campaign to acquaint
American agriculturalists with the
projeot.
Land will be rent free, subject
to tax only and leases are renewable ln 12 years lf the homesteader proves competent. None but
expert farmers are desired for the
purpose of the government in giving up this land ls to get trained
western farmers whose crops and
methods will serve ln the national
program of building up the agricultural industry. Tracts per
farmer will range from 16 to 50
desslatins, or up to more than 130
acres, and eaeh Immigrant will be
expected to furnish an average of
$30 capital in equipment per des-
siattn of land. Further information may be secured at the society's office, 799 Broadway, New
Tork City.
OUR ECONOMIC SURVEY
Labor M.P. To Protest
Saklatvala Exclusion
NEW TORK—(FP)—Objection
to the action of the United States
Government in barring Mr. Saklatvala from attending the Inter-parliamentary Union's sessions here
will be voiced by his fellow delegates from Britain ln a mass meeting to be staged in New Tork City
by the American Civil Liberties
Union.
Rennie Smith, M. P., a British
delegate to the conference has already accepted the Union's invitation to speak on the subject at this
meeting, and telegraphic communications have been sent to F. W.
PethlcH-Lawrence, another British
delegate. Both Mr. Smith and Mr.
Pethjck-Lawrence are labor members of parliament.
The first causes of crime often
He ln bad social conditions, lack ;>f
education and cramped conditions
of life.—A. Fenner Brockway.
In pain is the time born.—Cham-
isso,
HPHE mushroom growth In the fortunes of Standard Oil multl-mil-
llonaires, without effort on their part, is shown in a study of the
financial development of this combine, prepared by Carl H. Pforz-
helmer & Co., specialists in Standard Oil securities. Between January
2, 1912, and January 2, 1926, the aggregate capitalization of the 34
separate Standard Oil units grew from $296,432,457 to $2,084,442,820,
ajp increase of over 600 per cent, with practically no additional investment by the stockholders.
This growth, according to the
New Tork Times, is "one of the
marvels of industrial expansion in
the United States during the past
few decades." The Times notes
that it "represents largely the distribution of stock dividends against
accumulated earplugs."
Increase in Capitalization
These  stock  dividends,   according to Pforzheimer, were possible
as a capitalization of profits from
Standard Oil
Capital Stocks 1912
Of New Jersey  $98,338,383
Of New Tork     15,000,000
Of California       25,000,000
Of  Indiana         1,000,000
Of Ohio       3,500,000
Vacuum   OIK       2,600,000
Atlantic   Refining  > 5,000,000
Prairie   Oil       18,000,000
Ohio   OU        15,000,000
Continental   Oil            300,000
Union  Tank        12,000,000
South  Penn Oil       2,600,000
Anglo-American          5,000,000
the enormous Increase in the consumption of crude oil products.
Production in the United States,
rose from 222,000,000 barrels in
1912 to 720,000,000 in 1924, while
the value of production rose from
$396,361,000 to $1,793,700,000, an
increase of 360 per cent. The ifl-
crease in capitalization was nearly twice as great proportionately
as the increase In production.
The records  of the  13  largest
Standard  companies  follow: .
Aggregate Stock
Labor Spies Solicit
Stool Pigeon Trade
MILWAUKEE—(FP)—In spite
of the Wisconsin statute strictly
supervising the operation of private detective agencies, which are
required to be licensed,'these labor-spy concerns continue to do a
flourishing business ln Milwaukee.
The Howard W. Russell, Inc.,
agency advertises that it provides
"confidential service". Milwaukee
employers are solicited to let lt
plant stool pigeons ln their shops
In letters of which the following
sample ls the latest to go out:
September 15th, 1925.
Dear —
As an executive you are required
to make decisions. These decisions
are good or bad, as your judgment
is good or bad. And always your
judgment ls the product of your information. Which brines us right
down to a fundamental fact:
Tour judgment is no better than
.your Information.
It's the unknown that upsets
your calculations, your decisions,
your Judgment. And It's our busl-
nes to make known the unknown
forces at work In your business to
supply you with Information.
At regular Intervals during the
next year, a short letter will be
sent to you personally. It will
come In a plain envelope and Is Intended for you alone. Problems of
the greatest business lntlmacv will,
he discussed—problems In whose
solution we have assisted executives ln many industries during 16
years of specialized actlvltv. We
wish to be regarded as a confidential Industrial service—an Intelligent arm of business—we hope, of
your business.
Mav we have yonr attention?
HOWARD W. RTTflRTHLL. INC.
Bv Walker C. Russell, Secy.
WCR: OH,
The Wisconsin State Federation
of Labor was Instrumental In putting the detective license law on
the books.
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401- Metropolitan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paoifto
Bldg., 744 HaWings St W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   *   ELLIOTT,   (00   Pender
Street W. Th* but makea of bloyeloo
on totj Umn.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
 —— -^-
C\FE
Empire Cate, 76 Hasting! St. B.
W^
CHIROPODIST
HT SUFFER WITH SORB FEETI
Hannah Lund, »24 Birki Bldf., gIth
inatant relief; evening! by appointment.
Sey.  1218.
chiropractor
Dr. d. a. McMillan, palmer
Graduate. Open -daily and even-
Inge. Daweon Blk,,. eor. Hutinga and
Main.   Phone Sey. 6054.
N__N__mo-WEI_I__H<_TO_.
COAL
LESXJB  OOAL  OO'T  Ltd.
Phone Bey. 7137
DENTIST
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   801  Dominion
Bldg. .	
DFUGS   *
Red Star Drug Store, Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall. •
FLORISTS
Brown Broa. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tlngs St. E.	
GLASS
OLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLING
WESTERN OLASS CO. LTD., 16*
Cordova St. W., few doora west of
Woodward'a. Sey. 8687. Wholeialo aad
retail vHndow glau.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE  SAFE THAN  SORRY—
Grandvlew   Hoipltal—Medical,   mrg-
leal,   maternity.     1090   Vietoria   Drive. I
High. 1.7.
LADIES WEAR
Famous  Cloak   &   Suit  Co., ■  619
Hastings West.
Hudsona Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
~~     ~~ MEN'S FURNISHINGS
Tear Bombs TTsen To        w. b. Brummitt. 18-20 Cordova
Aid Strike Breakers Arthur Frith & co., 2313 Main st.,
1925
Dividends
$707,474,676
400 Pet.
227,535,300
600
235,228,447
181
223,756,258
3150
21,000,000
200
61,919,950
300
70,000,000
900
60,000,000
350
60,000,000
433
30,208,690
1100
30,116,000
60
20,000,000
200
15,000,000
100
Writ*
Today
Don't
Sotoy
$1000.00
REWARD
To any one who
will prove that
anything atated in
thla ad la mis-
rep reeented or
untrue.	
Ladies'
TOUR OPPORTUNITY
To purchase direct from the manufacturer a fine quality suit made
of pnre wool valued at $50.00.
Strictly hand-tailored to your measure, serge or wor-
ated.    Latest modela.    Single or 4i__. _T\f\
donble-breasted  for  ONLY e_p*_,\f\I
Send No Money—Write for our Speeial Offer. Perfect
Pit and Satisfaction guaranteed
Gentlemen's
$10
.00   VALUE PURE SILK HOSE FOR ONLY
Six Pair
light or hoavy taU
fashioned pan SILK
HOSB valued at ?10
for only
$1.00
•••ran teed
an*  linoit
Perfect
■auality
$1
.00
Twelvo  Pair Men's
light or heavy puro
SILK HOSE valued
at $10 for only: -
.':.., fi-oo ;■.-..•;■■
SEND NQ MONEY
Write us at once for
full, bargain offer to
Also Cash Dividends
These figures cover Instances
where the owners* wealth was
doubled overnight. In the case
of Standard OU of Indiana, the
wealth of stockholders was increased over SO-fold (3150 per
cent, ln stock dividends) without
effort on their part. Such an increase measures nothing more
than' power to exploit workers and
consumers through a stranglehold
on essential natural resources.
In addition to the stock dividends shown in the table, Prairie
Oil has declared dividends ln
Prairie Pipe Line stock equivalent to an additional 460 per cemV
Similarly, Ohio Oil has declared
dividends ln Illinois Pipe Line
stock equivalent to 133 per cent.
Nine of the companies have also
given their stockholders special
subscription rights valued as high
as 600 per cent.
These stock dividends are ln addition to $1,417,260,197 distributed in cash dividends. A large,
part of this was also reinvested,
still further Increasing the own-.
ers* Income..
NEW TORK— (F P) — After
bringing a truck load of tear
bombs and reserves from a dozen
stations to scatter a mass of workers who had gathered in front of
a struck clothing factory here, the
police next day raided the. offices
of the Cutters' Union on the pretext that weapons would be.found
in the possession of some niembers.
None of the alleged weapons were
found.
The raid followed a spontaneous
demonstration of the striking tailors In front of a tailoring shop
against which the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers has been conducting a twelve week strike. Police reserves were on hand to drive
the strikers off the streets, because
the strike breakers in the building
were afraid to go home.
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■'.\-,t^l'.t.--.s>u£rrit WITB--TLOWMMI" ■■i>.:-tffr>-~'-*:*r>itii Jn^^Qctober %_ 1925
**HE CAlfADlAir LABOR ADVOCATE
Pige Three
Draft Act To Crush        Scab Labor Debauches
Strikes in Next War       Independence Jubilee
Solidarity in The Hindu Steel Workers
Hard Coal District    Win Union Recognition
...WASHINGTON.—A proposal"to
"militarize industry," which will
give the president power to Induct
men Into the army in time of war
and then grant them "industrial
and agricultural" furloughs, is being drawn up by a group of militarists to be presented to the next
session of Congress, in order to
crush strikes during war time.
The "industrial- and agricultural"
furloughs could be revoked at any
time that the president may see
f* fit. No conscription of wealth is
planned.  '." ,'..>*_
This conscription act would apply- to all- -workera between the
-ages of IS and 45. The only exceptions to the draft act would
be the clergy, necessary mariners
and a number; of classes of federal, state and municipal employees.
Conscientious  objectors to  war
would not be compelled to parti-
I'cipate in combatant service.  The
president would  have  the power
to decide in what non-combatant
f service to place them.
Aliens who had declared intention of becoming citizens could
' escape the conscription by withdrawing their declaration. This
would bar them from ever becoming citizens.
[Bankers Kick Because
Profits Are Too Low
NEW   YORK—(FP)—The   One
IBIg Union of American bankers is
holding   Its   national   convention
aere.   The   bankers   have   elected
jthelr president and vice-president,
land are now turning their attention to better working conditions.
They claim that the strict regula
ions under which they are allowed
(to handle other people's money
prevents them from making a fair
profit. The very foundation of the
national hanking system are
threatened, according to the president of the First National Bank of
Davenport, Iowa, who points out
I'hat one tenth of the capital of the
Ration's banks have been diverted
rom national to state banks be-
pause of the freer manipulation of
first mortgage real estate bonds
f.llowed state banks.
The bankers do not like the larger freedom allowed their competitors the building and loan associations, which are free of taxation
ad do not have to pay a surplus.
> (By Federated Press)
PHILADELPHIA— Preparations
for the hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence is going
on in Philadelphia in scab fashion
with a 10-hour day and non-union
pay for the workers doing the necessary construction. A big delegation of Philadelphia labor men
put the issue before, Mayor fendrick. '     ..
"Unless conditions change for
the better the proposed Sesqui
Centennial wil prove to be a curse
instead of a blessing," 'John A.
Philips, vice-president of the International Typographical Union,
and a member of the delegation
told the mayor pointedly.
"Men employed there work a
10-hour day, six or seven days a
week. Union scale of pay is not
recognized and some men work
12 and 14 hours daily at straight
time pay. Carpenters on the subway receive 66 and 60 cents an
hour as against the union rate of
$1.12. Cement workers, iron work-
workers, machinists and blacksmiths also are paid at rates far
below the standard set by the labor unions. Many of the laborers
of these projects are brought to
Philadelphia by alluring advertisements that are scattered over the
country and not all of the thousands lured here can be given work
on the contracts." ■
Mayor Kendrick said he was
hearing these facts about municipal labor conditions for the first
time.
INDIA
Speaking at the International
Conference at Geneva, Chamanial,
an Indian delegate, said that one-
third of India was under the system of forced labor. The workers
were destitute and on the verge of
starvation, whilst both men and
women worked in the coal mines
for an insignificant wage. "India
is a land of slaves," he said. He
demanded that the Conference take
some action to better the pitiable
plight of the Indian natives. The
Conference did nothing.
BELGIUM
A report of the Central Association of the Belgian building, furnishing and other industries points
out that there were 117 strikes
during 1924, of which 67 were terminated with complete success,' 12
were a partial success, 22 suffered
a check, nine ceased after the displacement of certain men, and seven were either inconclusive or still
in progress at the end of the year.
There were about 100 threatened
strikes, which did not materialize.
BULGARIA
According to the latest news
from Bulgaria, the agents of the
Government committed in January
of this year alone, 150 murders
of officials of the Trade Unions,
co-operatives and of the radical
movement of the Macedonian
workers and peasants. In the
course of the last one and a half
years 16 mombers of Parliament
have been murdered, of whom four
were .murdered in the last five
months.
Land of Liberty Mints
Children Into Profit
(By L. F. Budenz, Federated Press)
PHILADELPHIA—The checkoff
is aparently the stumbling block
in the way of peace in the hard
coal regions. According to a union official, "The operators are
holding the country up on a point
which means no extra costs to
them and which will not add a
cent to the cost of coal, directly
or indirectly."
With the soft coal situation before them both operators and men
understand the importance of full
union recognition through the
checkoff. The quiet battle going
on in the/hills of Pennsylvania is
over that essential point. The operators will not listen tp it because
they see in it a final permanent
establishment of the union. The
men want it as a guarantee that
they will* retain all that the union
has won for them.
Memory of the past has branded
the word union into the hearts of
the men as a symbol of betterment.
For although anthracite is today
100% organized and no strikebreaker or deputy can enter to interrupt the peaceful strike, conditions were once very different.
In Hazleton I was forcefully reminded of the days before the union. My hosts, representatives of
District 7 of the mlneworkers, took
me to the Lattimer battle site,
where men were shot down in cold
blood by deputy sheriffs in 1897..
Tne aid school house still standk>*
toward which they" iied as th«y .-i.
were riddled with bullets shot li*\k,
to their backs. Lattimer is today a' ■*
memory, but it ls one that reminds
the miners of what was "before
the union."
(By Federated Preaa)
NEW TORK—Organized labor
of India, recently defeated - in the
Northwestern Railway strike' and
now fighting on the textile factory
front in Bombay, has won recognition in the steel industry without
a strike, according to papers arriving in New York from Indian
ports. The new (Teal affects the
25,000 workers employed by the
Tata company, a group of Indian
capitalists who have a virtual monopoly of the iron and steel industry in the peninsula and wbo never
before have recognized a labor union.
The Labor Association of Jam-
shedpur, the union getting recognition is affiliated with the All India Trade Union Congress. The
city of Jamshedpur ia the steel
producing center, 200 miles out of
Calcutta. The workers there were.
said to have been primed for a
strike when the company conceded
three main points—the reinstatement of Sethi, an organizer discharged for his union activities;
recognition of the union and the
promise of a system of union dues
collections equivalent to the American checkoff, if the union desired
lt.
Mahatma Ghandi took a hand ln
effecting the settlement of the dis ■
pute.   In a speech to the workers
Iter the peace agreement he ex-
them io purchase only home
„JL______ itt liquor.
■«■# ■** . ■> w\\'mi^9^^m*wm
A fighting labor press can't bo
[milt  by wishing..   Send ln yeur
ub today.
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^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Eighteen per cent,  of the girls
—— between the ages of  14 and  15,
NEW  TORK.—Sweatshop work leaving schools ln Vienna in order
of little children is still a fact ln to earn a living, are suffering from
the New Tork tenements.    Kath- tuberculosis, according to a report
erine H. Amend, visiting purse "of of the Vocational Guidance Bureau
the   Henry   Street  settlement,   in of that city.   Over 55 per cent, of
the  monthly  bulletin  of the na- the girls of that age, leaving school
tional ohild labor committee, tells to work for their living, are physi-
of   visiting   a   tubercular   Italian cally or mentally underdeveloped
girl   whose  father   had  been  ln- and cannot work.
jured while working as a_ subway	
employee: RUFMA
"Twice I went to the old rat's The number of sohools for the
nest where they live, quite late in climlnatlon of illiteracy on the ter-
the evening. Two tljw rooms and ritory of Ru,slan Soviet Kepubl.e
a closet bedroom; a pale, waterylSoc|ailst Republic has been in-
gas  light  in sweaty  room;   piles7creased iB times in the last two
and piles of cheap pants, half fin- yearB-   in 19:2 23 the schools for
ished; Mrs. Salinave doggedly sew- illiterates took charge of 100,000
ing,   half   asleep;    Mr.   Salinave pupiia.   In j024-25 there -./ere 30,-
pulling bastings and dripping per- ooo schools for illiterates with a
spiration.   Josie sticking a needle total of 1,500,000 pupils.
in and out and trying to keep her	
lids opep in a gray-green face.
Paula snuffling rebelliously and
fastening on buttons, Johnny sitting on a stool at his mother's
feet with a half-sour bottle of
milk, the baby wailing and nuzzling for food."
Only five of the  mother's fif-
«)APAN
Under the new Japanese suffrage
law, 16,000,000 persons become enfranchised, with enormous consequences to the reactionary feudal
nobility which up until now has retained all the political power.  The
Painters To Demand
Health Legislation
NEW YORK—(FP)—By Unanimous vote of the Montreal convention the International Brotherhood
of Painters, Decorators, and Pap-
erhangs becomes the first union to
work for national health standards
for its membership, according to
the Director of the Workers'
Health Bureau, who attended the
Painters' convention.
The Painters' International became affiliated with the Workers'
Health Bureau at its last convention.
The national health policy of the
Brotherhood calls for the control
of poisonous fumes and dust, maximum ventilation where painting is
done, and rest periods where paint-
Is done in poorly ventilated rooms.
It forbids the use of spraying machines in painting and dry rubbing,
provides for sanitary wash rooms,
and demands fresh overalls furnished by the employer; also that
paints be labelled with a statement of their contents, and sold
only in original containers.
teen children had survived. Miss f'81* to vote has now been given
Amend   comments:   "The   fccome t0 aU men above 2B years °f ae°-
earned   by   all   working  together
was an existence minimujn, so the
parents could not be blamed for
making   the   children   help.
HAZLETON, Pa.—(F P)—The
hard coal miners will hold out until they win something substantial.
Their spirit Is just as optimistic
and determined as it was just before the strike. The word "union"
has a religious significance. "It is
the thing that makes us know wo
are men," said a dramatic Slav, in
the heart of Ebervale.
Some apreciation can be felt for
the fighting spirit of the women,
who so long have had to face not
only the eternal battle against
coal dust, which floats into their
houses and litters up every room,
but also the problem of raising 6
to 14 children in 2, 3 and 4 cramped rooms under primitive conditions.
Each wage increase is followed
by the destruction of another block
or two of those old "cattlepens."
The Increase is the 'signal for the
miners to look out for better residences. Down go the old, up rise
new houses, ln response to the demand. A 10 per cent, increase
out of this suspension will mean
that at the time of the next difficulty the correspondent will see
fewer of these shacks in the towns
around Hazleton.
POLAND
Seven   hundred   working   men,
jfro  women and children haye been ar-
law   could   prevent  work   behind  rested ln the town of Byalestock,
The right arm of Labor ls a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
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on charges of "being Communists",
The police, agents of the Grabsky
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THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, October**IMf*
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:; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
AN ATTACK was made on Rose
Henderson, Labor candidate
for New Westminster, by J. Butter-
field, in a recent issue of the
"Dally Provinoe", in which tbat
vacant minded knight of the pen
made a brave attempt to Win poUtlcal plaudits hy trying his 'prentice hand at sarcasm. Whatever
Mrs. Henderson's administrative
abilities may be she wt least shows
more initiative, and a much vaster
knowledge of social affairs than
do certain gentlemen who perambulate the streeta of Vancouver
with a swagger cane, making a
public display of their insufferable
conciet and abominable egoism.
*    *   *
TJACK CORNERS of tbe daily
press are tbe best places to
find really Important news. Gen-
earally front pages are devoted to
murder, scandal, and other sensational tid-bits. Many stories appeared on the front pages of local
papers telling how the Chinese
strikers were being handled, that
the strike was breaking down, and
the other soothing syrups usually
applied in such cases to commercial minded people. Recently
out of the way coi
Province,
Hy whipped the
owners. .Of course
"the Province didn't express it in
that fashion, but that is what it
amounts to. British bosses have
agreed to recognize the Chinese
workers unions, improve general
conditions, and have undertaken to
discharge no more workers without
just cause.
* *   *
BANKRUPTCY, the press alleges,
face British mill owners as a
result of the Shanghai strike. The
four months fight is stated to be
an' "insurmountable burden," and
British capitalists will be forced to
sell out aud take their capital elsewhere. Thnt talc is getting somewhat hoary. .To the writer's knowledge It was used eighteen years
ago. The only - "insurmountable"
thing so far in Shanghai is the inability of John Bull to beat the
Chinamen.
* *   *
•TiHE ROBERT DOLLAR Lbr. Co.
■*• is on trial on seven different
counts in connection with forest
fires. Tho company was found
"technically guilty" of a breach of
the law, by using fourteen men to
move a train load of logs out of
the flre zone, and that charge was
dismissed. Hnd the cliargc bcen
agninst a conscripted logger for
rescuing hts clothes from a bunkhouse threatened by flre the case
would probably have been different. .He would have been guilty
of refusing to obey orders and liable to a heavy fine. But then Bob
Dollar ls different*. He owns a
lumber camp not to mention n
steamship line.
» » *
A/IOSCOW REDS have peculiar
•^ ways of doing things. Thnt
fact is well known. Their latest
escapade was a plan to assassinate
King George but before doing so
they cabled their names and full
details of the plot to the Vancouver
Sun who exposed their diabolical
intentions. In six inch headlines.
Tlie story was good—the paper containing H Hold like hot-cakes. Unfortunately Scotland Yard says the
tale is a "flat canard," but nevertheless, Mr. Cromie is to be congratulated on his extraordinary
bnsiness acumen.
TJARRY STEVENS'- RECORD should be sufficient to entitle
him to draw a sessional indemnity for a further four
years, in the opinion of Billy Bowser, of Nanaimo strike fame.
Billy's record netted him the boot at last provincial election,
so the less he talks of personal history the better Stevens'
chances will be. The record Bowser referred to certainly
show statesmanlike qualities. Stevens, according, to Bowser,
dredged the First Narrows, Coal Harbor and False Creek;
drained forty-two acres of tideflats; built several wharves
and elevators, and erected an immigration shed, all in a few
years, by merely talking in Ottawa. Harry apparently is
right there with the lung power. Bowser failed to mention
one other important item which puts Stevens almost in the
position of a second Gladstone. His first job on reaching
Ottawa was to have legislation passed prohibiting beachcombing, for which he. has been truly blessed by Coastal
mariners during the past few years. Of course no one but
a statesman or a lumberman could have conceived such a
bold* act or understood its importance to Canadian workers.
* * • • *
PLIGHT RATES appear to be the major if not the sole
1 issue at stake in this election. True, it is somewhat threadbare, having done yeomen service on behalf of Oliver and the
estimable Mary Ellen eighteen months-ago; but it is standing
up well under the strain, and there is little to indicate that-
several more elections will not be fought on the question of
C.P.R. profits. Certain it is that some "railway issue" will
be at stake in future elections. That's what,_y&^g6t.JH>m
having the workers secondary,to^aiMrsyS instead of the re-"
'■fee. gj^<^t-^rS!t^r*nave' little to do with the pressing
BgSblems of the working class, but it serves to keep their
founds off iheir own troubles. Food, clothing and shelter j
the abolition of the use of troops in industrial disputes; repeal
cf deportation laws; old-age pensions; non-contributory health
and unemployment insurance, and other matters of like importance, are among the immediate needs of the workers,
but .these are not mentioned except by Labor candidates, because the others represent the financial interests, to whom
railways mean more than human flesh and blood.
* # • •'.'*•
■PANADA'S REAL GOVERNMENT, the C.F.R., overlooks no
^ bets capable of bringing in a profit. The workers of
Britain have lately been told a few facts regarding actual
conditions in Canada, with the result that they have failed
to enter Canada fast enough to suit the wishes of the railroads, so E. W. Beatty, president of the C.P.R., sent an invitation to a number of British journalists, asking them to
"make a peronal trip through the Dominion in order to counteract anti-Canadian propaganda." They came, looked, and
saw everything it suited the C.P.R. to show them. They
have now departed for home with the avowed intention of
becoming boosters for increased immigration to this country.
The editor of the London Times, before departing from Montreal, asserted that he intended to "make known to young
men the splendid opportunities that awaited them in Canada."
Now that the C.P.R. and C.N.R. have received from the Liberal government "a free hand to select and transport all colonists," we can be assured that the unemployed lines will be
considerably lengthened.   But that is part of "our railway
policy."
* * * • •
npHE VISITING JOURNALISTS, according to their pub-
Wished statements regarding this land "so full of opportunities," seem to be unaware that the cities of Vancouver
and Winnipeg are warning harvesters to keep away, because
should they get hungry this winter in either place they need
expect no aid. • The city of Vancouver is plastering notices
"in all available public places throughout the prairie provinces" informing the unemployable farm hand that no doles
will be given out here, but that after a thorough investigation
"extreme cases of indigents" may get "$2 for married men
and $1 in the form of meal and bed tickets per day for single
men." The Canadian wheat crop could not be harvested
without these men, but after they have performed that task
they aie as unwelcome as a Mohammedan would be in the Vatican. This is one fact the very Christian president of the
C.P.R. does not advertise. Seeing Canada as it really exists
is a* vastly different thing from viewing it from the rotunda
of a C.P.R. hotel.
Party  Politics
I AM in the effete Bast, suffering
* from a "cussedness" of party
politics, in which two managers
representing different interests of
a powerful exploiting machine are
advancing their respective ideas
and policies, and presenting solutions for the cure of dreadful- diseases.
These two managers are storming up and down the' country
speechmaking, denying statements,
making new- ones, misconstructing
the other manager's policy and
statements, and-at times' almost
telling the truth about one another. In fact their methods of
calling each other liars without
saying so is a study in the art of
the use of the English language.
All of this Is done to the exclusion of "news." The newspapers fairly screem with-the doings,
and saying of the two "Hon. Gentlemen," and we are once again in
Eatanswill, the Uttle town that
provided our friend Pickwick witb
a short course in political experience, and the science of electioneering, in the contest between the
"Blues" and the "Buffs;"
"You have come down here to
-ssisc an election, eh?" Mr. Pickwick
replied in the affirmative. Spirited contest, my dear sir," said the
little man. "I'm delighted to hear
it," said Mr. Pickwick, rubbing his
hands," "I like to see sturdy patriotism, on whatever side it" is'
called forth—and so It's a spirited
contest?" "Oh, yes,;' said, the little
man, "very mucti"so, indeed1? We"
have opened-all the public houses
in the place, and-left our adversary nothing but the beer shops—
Masterly stroke of policy- that, my
dear sir, eh?" The i|ttle man
smiled complacetnly and took a
large pinch of snuff.
"And what are the possibilities*
as-to the result of the contest?"
inquired Mr. Pickwick. "Why,
doubtful, my dear sir, rather
doubtful as yet,'' replied'the little
man. "Pizkin's people liav* ■?<>*
three and thirty voters in the lockup coach ■ house, at the White
Harte." "In the coach-house,"
said Mr. Pickwick, considerably
astonished by this second stroke
of policy. "They keep 'em* locked
up there till they want 'em," resumed the little man. "The effect
of that is, you see, to prevent out-
getting at them; and even if we
could it would be of no use for
they keep them very drunk on
purpose. Smart fellow, Fizkin's
agent—very smart fellow, indeed."
Mr. Pickwick stared but said nothing.    '*'
"We are pretty confident," said
Mr, Perker, sinking, his voice
almost to a whisper. "We had a
little' tea party here last night-
five and forty women, my dear sir
—and gave every one of 'em a
green parasol when she went
away." "A parasol!'' said Mr.
-Pickwick. "Pact, my dear sir,
fact. Five and forty green parasols at seven and sixpence a piece.
All women like finery—extraordinary the effect of those parasols.
Secured all their husbands and
half their brothers—beats stockings
and flannel, and all that sort of
thing hollow. My idea, my dear
sir, entirely. Hail, rain, or sunshine, you can't walk halfa-dozen
yards up the street without encountering half a dozen green parasols."
Thus we find ourselves ln the
same old rut. The dead past running amuck in the living present.
"Cures" for sick railways, senates,
tariffs, etc., under the present
order of society ,are about as valuable as green parasols to a C.P.R.
section hand While    engaged    in
"timpi»i^''tle&1 "
The delightful pttstlme of keeping owning ' claSs problems before
the workers to the eijelUs-oh of'the
worker's problems is proceeding
apace. We workers are addressed
ln such a manner that we are unconsciously drawn into the vortex
of capitalist class problems. We
attempt to solve the problems that
confront tlie "nation','1 and our <
ideology becomes tiie ideology of
one or the other wing of the owning class.1'
This brings us to an understand*- u
ing of Mr. Pickwick's philosophy:
"Its always best on these occasions
tb do what this nibb 4<3es." ' "Blit
suppose there ar*_ tWb" moba?"
suggested 'IS.- Snbdgrass. "Snbut
with the largest," replied Mr.
Pibkwtcki-
But  in  spite  of this  capitalist i
class propaganda'and    cul-de***saC
issues even ' the  "phlg"  with'1 the
boss's    ideology   has   a   peculiar
knawing at this-pit- of his stomach '
which brings tibine'to-him therfact.'
that somethlhg is - Wrong    so_rie-
where—and'there - is:   Its    bails *
lies not in  catch-penny    slogans,
but in the ownership of thb niBans
of life. ' C..' aV'K*'
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL '
—Meeti ucond Mondty in tht monU.
Preeldent, J. R.*Whiw*iaeoretary,' Br'H. *
■N.tUndij.   P. O, ;Bj»:»j».;	
FEDERATED LABOR PARTS—Roam
lUXtif Ptttitr-Y. Writ, fiuilun,
mtJttlistt lit and 8itf' Widneiday WWj
Inge. R, H. Neeltndi, Ohthutar B.-___-f
Morriion, 8eo.-Treaa.; Anns Maelanli,-L
8*4*'Prin«e'EdwnW BttrtK'VW-teuttt.'!
B.O., Ctrrofpondint SeeretMy. ■" 1
Any dUtriot in Britiih Colombia *•••.
■lrlnf information re' n'curln't IpetMr-J
or the formation of lot*. braMhMj fcfeM-1
ly eommuniuti with ProTlaoitl Been-1
tsry J:' Lyl» Telfbrd, Sit Birki Bldf*. J
VlneonYf_.> BiO. Ttt. plan* -iM*.*'
1»M, or BM-yiwr ttaft- ;■_■__
BAKERY   SALESMEN,   LOOAL   STI*—,
Meeti   ucond  Monday   erery  month
ln HoVita BoUdlnf. P*JMden»!' J.' BHfW-i
well)1 ttMDoisl  itoretery,* &•  *    '"    "
ron, TjOMg Aye, BMt,   	
OIVIP   EHifLOYEES'   UNION,   LOQA
28—Mttti'iflrstf nnd tMW * F_id»y_ <In.|
the month »t- 145 Haitian W-.;-at* W
p.m. President, R. K. Brown, 2527|
Cttlrler'-St.; nfcrettry-t-'eartitltf; <
Harrison,' 1182 Pt-kor St.*	
ENGINEERS — THE INTERNAtlONA^i
UNION OF STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 882—Meeti efery W«d»4idty
tt 8 pjn., Re om 808, HoWen Batting*'
Preildent, Ohtrlei Price; baiUe«t tfeati
tnd flntneltl 'iecretary, V.L, Boat; _».-|
cordWt"Kertttry,J. T, Venn. "
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PftOTEG
UNION, Loctl 118, A.- F. of ■».—J
Meeti in G.W.V.A. Hill, Seymonr antf"
Pender Streetl, second - Smutty tt 10.
t.m. Preildent, E. 0. Miller, IM »ol*\
ion itreet; leenttry, E. A. Jtmleion,-!
Otl Nelion itreet; HntncIW secretary,!
W. E. Wlllitmi, 991 Nelion etreet; trf
yaniaer, P. Fletcher,-Ml Nelion itreet fl
THE   FED ERATED   SEAFARERS
UNION   OF   CANADA—Hetdqntrtorij
tt Roomi 6,   8 tnd T,  Flick  Bulldlnf,?
188 Hutlngi Street W., Vtneonver, B.0,1
Tel. Bey. UHi'ISMMl, Boi.
Vlce-Preildant,   DtMtV Oiliest*
Tretinrer, win. Hi DontldiOn.   Tn
Brtnch,  Room  11, Oreen  Bloek,  Brill
Street, Victoria, BO.   ?h*a*J UOt.
TTPOORAPHIOAL UNION, No. IM—1
Preildent,' R. P. Pettlplice; vlle-prei-I
Ment, 0. F. Campbell; eeeretary-i-reeij
orer, R. H. Neeltndi, P.O. Box 6(fl
Meeti lut Sunday of eteh month tt 0
p.m. In Holden Bulldlnf, 18 Haatinga BI
PRINOE RUPERT TrPOORAPHlOAli
UNION. No. 418—Preildent, B. ~
Mtedontld; leerettry-trttewer, J.
Campbell, P.O. Box 888. Meeti lai|
Thlir.dty  of uch  month.
THB CANADIAN*
Katoir Mforitr!
With Which Ii Incorporated
TUB   BRITIIH   COLUMBIA - FBDBBAfl
 TIONIST
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAT ■
By thi Ltbor FaMlihlag Oo.
Buiiniu tnd Bditorltl Offlee,
 1119 Howe St.
The Ctnaditn Ltbor Advocate Is t non-1
factional weekly newipaper, giving newil
of the tBrm_r-iabor movement In actionj
Subicrlptlon  Haiti:  Hnltact tStatei  iad|
foreign,   12.60  per year;   Ctaidt,   t'J_
par year, $1 for ilx monthi; to naloai]
•ubjcrlblnj la't body, IU 9*t* ■em-f
bar  per  month.
Member  Tha Indented Pran and  Thai
lrlttih Uhar Ttttti '   P   ■        'ML'   P«...ll|pil]HI4lll,pjJI^
layv Ootobte 2, 192§
TH CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Fire
___*M7.M^_^fe.  _________ _*mi..^kJ
oman
Peaee
ItB.-;" STUART   J A MI HI SO N
entertained   the   members   of
.Mf Park1 Wbnien'a'.' Institute
|ieir last monthly meeting wilh
(lisoourse     on'  "Woman   and
Wtr '■•'      •-
lie emphasized   the   necessity
J.wouien to gain a true know-
oi otner nations but Warned
not to rely upon tbe capitai-
jpiess for tneir imprmaiion as
t chain of papers nom naiuax
■Vancouver, owned1* by** a great
■fiicaie, were not aiways accu-
Ti in tfteli- liiioimauon but puo-
led oniy that wniun -suited' their
ners.;
tne gave a lucid account of reft trGUoies in" Uiiiia, and ex-
lined tiie- cause and ioiu of tue
lakening ot the Aamuc ana Ai-
tun races, of tneir resentment of
pioitation by the great powers
of'the danger of future w^rs
kich lay in that resentment,
lihe drew a graphic word picture
Jithe horror ot war, and pointed
; that it was the duty of women
|work for world peace by learn-
the truth ot tne cause of wars
spreading it.
bhe showecj that the propaganda
tpioyed to incite the mass ot the
pple to a  biobd lust hatred of
^ir so-called enemies was a sys-
datic network of lies, by quot-
recent utterances    of    Lloyd
gorge, Premier Nitti of Italy and
piers, to the ef feot that the tales
1 crucifixions and mutilation of-
lilo cftlWf en by the Uermans had *
ten prgyed to be quite false.
TOne    iW4__der»,    however,    and'
hmteViU tKe' feminine mind.
ie woman ffya turns pale at the
|jht of bl«b# and shrieks when
) sees a 'vJMjgp.' khocked down
an autf6__16b__e will listen unlived   aMi*-1'' e«»n with righteous
Be to tti-ei.r«o6i-__ting of the or-
knized massacre   of   millions of
Iiman  belnfa tM.% proudly drive
rr< own flesh- and" blood to the
a*, and thank God she is of
|eh noble mettle,,although   war
bring: her* only   sorrow   and
.** Only th'e rUlingS 'class   who
bvbr go to'wargWKbyithecarn-
ge.'
[Vet with the records of the last
lar now fully known and pub-
jlhed--*-2B,iQ0.),00Qr dftdf,' 20,000,-
po wounded; O.OOQ.OOO war orph-
6,000,000   war widows; 10,-
uuu.uuu refugees without a home,
thousands of little girls between
ten and twelve ■ years of age afflicted -hopelessly -with* veneral disease; and as Premier JNitti'said,
tern Diy lowered - tstanuaras of' civilisation' - and culture—yet we suil
talk war, '■ W*e talk -of poison gases
and oi how wnoie* cities anu na-
tionswiu-be wipea out,* of how* tne
last war was only a small matter
of-* death, , uestruotion, and - suiier-
ing couipareu witu tnat winon tne
next war win * bring, we taut continually* ot war and*so we suieiy
pave the way tor tne-next Holocaust.
'it-Ought is the i forerunner of
action. i_et, men, ibe ..great majority 'luna -and* talk puace, earnestly, persistently, internationally,
and when our rulers want war, as
they ■ assuredly ■ will, let tnem have
it, but let them have it all to themselves, and When we read of their
slaughter and* suffering we will not
Weep, neither will-we mourn.*
SHOES -
iii>|iif*l"l"l'H"|i'»-.
Home. Work Abolished
in Russian scnools
MOSCOW—Assignnients of home
work in arithmetic, spelling, history and geography are forbidden
for the pupils in* the first nine
years of the public schools by order of the commissariat of education in the Soviet republic. Brief
essays and reports may be assigned providing they require not more
than six hours of work a week and
even those are forbidden on evenings preceding, holidays.
This change is a radical, step forward in the system of education.
Among the advantage to be derived
from it are: It tends to develop
character in each individual child;
it tends to eliminate memorizing
and cramming, its efect upon the
child's mind will be to keep it
fresh and alert for school life. It
is greeted with enthusiasm by the
parents as wel as the children.
i \R, rather, feet. Is the human
1 foot altering, and do people
really have pointed feet?
remaps it is altering somewhat*,,
eertaimy it is suguuy auiereni
ti-om mat of our iree-ciimomg
ancestors, who amn't (peed anoes.
-but wneiner or not peopie reany
have pointed toes . . . well, tnat
is anouier question.* bome may
have, out tney aiun't start out
wuh tnem, anyway.
However, muii is always ready
to impiove on nature—siutui
t>Ume io nun sometimes; out iu
this instance ms "improvement'
snows poor' juugmem. JSowauays
boots auu snocs are not muut. lu
lit tne leet; leet are maue io lit
the boots a*nu snotss. as a map
ol the loot compared with your
walking shoe win show.
Consequently, humanity raises
whoie ' crops of unnecessary tooi
and. internal troubles, and at tne
same time incidentally corrodes
its general disposition. Dor, oi
course; it is impossible to be an-
geilc in a state of tight shoes
. . . and corns.
Hign heeis are another invention ■ of the Hivll One. Surely we
were never intended to walk on
our toes, or nature would have
provided us with high heels, and
maybe provided us also against
the evils which must follow such
a hideous fashion.
Particular care should be taken
of children's feet, or deformity
can easily be produced, liven lf
their feet do grow at an enormous
and unreasonable rate, from an
adult standpoint, they are not
half such expensive items as those
of the grownups who try to be
fashionable.
The punishment of criminals
should be of use; when a man is
hanged he is good for nothing.—
Voltaire.
Pasa thia copy to your ahop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
^rr.— *-■
■*.      • a _r v
fOMEN have, long since, decided that their place is not al-
Eigether the" home, and there exalts ■ ai variety of organizations—
ome hopelessly useless, others the
faverse—to absorb their spare en-
Jrgy. Quite a nlmber of women
jre taking an active Interest ta
loUtica; an' a; bread and butter
libject; how much they hope for
jepends on their particular brand
'politics.
' And wh'H* these hopes material-
or faU to materialize; life has
I) be lived somehow.   Just how—
T»at la the main question for the
Iverage working or middle class
I'oman with a family.   And more
End more she is realizing the need
j>r    knowledge —■ knowledge    for
|erselfi and   knowledge   for   her
hlldrep.    After'all,  ignorance is
much'' thb'enemy of'the people
Is   the   exploiter   to   whom   the
health goes  ultimately.    It  was
Ignorance that lured the working
glasses into the last war, and  it
tflll be ignorance that will make
f-hem fight the battles of the im-
ertallsts   and   capitalists  in   the
e-tt.   It is ignorance that permits
Fthem   to   be   double-crossed   and
Ijeceived by those who pretend to
Irbpresent   them;   it   is   Ignorance
Itbat permits them to be poisoned,
Ibluffed and sidetracked by press,
|pulplt ajnd school.
That is where the working class
mother comes ln. She does not
believe in war; she has an intuitive suspicion of shams and superstitions,' and a more or less sane
outlook on Ufe^ when she is left
alone.
She has, therefore; something to
give to the rising generation . . .
something besides making puddings and darning socks. These
things, important as they are, are
not the most important, and it ls
better to ease off superfluous domestic and social duties for the
sake of the child's mind. If she
takes the child seriously, as most
people don't; if she realizes the
importance of the younger generation, she will find abundant
sources of information. The trutl
cannot be altogether suppressed.
Somewhat inconsistently, I give
the following recipe:
Steam Fruit Pudding
4 cups brown or Oraham flour.
2 cups of bread crumbs.
1-2 cup chopped suet.
2 1-4 cups brown sugar.
3 cups raisins.
3 cups currants,
1 1-2 cups chopped Peel.
3 tablespoonsful molasses.
3 eggs.
1 pint milk.
Steam 3 1-2 hours ln buttered
basins covered with paper and
wet cloth.
Labor Delegates Fight
JNignt YVorK «'or Women
NEWARK, N. J.—(FP)—The
ban on all nlgnt work ior women
and, the right to peaceiut picketing under all circumstances are
measures which will be lougnt lor
at the coming session of tne .New
Jersey Federation of I_abpr.
Prison made goods were condemned, the federation demanding the prohibition of all prison
contract labor and George H, carter, head of the government printing office at Wasmngton, recently
denounced at the convention of tne
international Typograpnivui Union,
was pronounced as "incompetent
and un-American: He has estao-
lisned a spy and stool pigeon system; impaired the ettiviency and
morale of the printing department
and should be removed as speedily
as possible."
The attack on night work foi-
women was initiated by the Waiters, Cooks and Waitresses Union at
Atlantic City, who introduced the
resolution that passed to amend the
no-night-work-for-women law fixing a fine of $25 upon the employer for every violation and providing that women shall be employed at nothing but housework in
their own homes after 9 p.m. The
violation of the present law against
women's night work has been an
open scandal, the lack of proper
penalties and enforcement provisions assisting the employers in setting it aside. Passaic woolen mills
have been leading violators.
The government of a free country, properly speaking, is not in
the persons, but in the laws.—Tom
Paine.
Let us be fellows, working in
the harmony of association for the
common good.—William Morris.
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Name
Address
City  and State..
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAIWR
Phone'' Say. 1070
748 Richards Street. Vanconver, B.O.
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Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDHTO
Pbone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
CAN remember when.chloroform, ether and gas were the sole
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operations.
About ten years ago NOVOCAIN was introduced, and It is safe' to lay
that this Is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, and
makea Dentistry almost a pleasure. It is a great thing to say truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can be done thoroughly, time ia laved,
and the cost Ib less than before,*
I
6* IftCORMWATCD ^ a*» MAY l**TO   ■     ,
VANCOUVER
MEN'S SUITS
Don't forget!   Mention the Ad-
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MEN'S SUITS—
Very Special....
A BOUT 100 Suits to sell at
■'*■ this remarkably low price,
including a splendid assortment of good sturdy hard
wearing tweeds in light, medium and dark mixtures.
There are plenty of conservative styles from which to
choose, as well as a good assortment for young men. An
opportunity no man should
overlook vyho wants a good
suit at a very low price. Sizes
35 to 46.
MEN'S   SUITS
Special ut....
$29.75
CHOICE of a large assortment
of serviceable garments, priced
to effect fast selling. Included
are plain grey worsteds, attractive tweeds and fancy
serges, in navy and stripe
effects. Types ami styles for
conservative di'essei-s — also
smart fitting single and double
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men.    Sizes 35 to 46.
Mr.y'S   OVEUCOATS ■— Prom
Famous
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$39.50
THE SUPERIORITY or these
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everywhere by well-dressed
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with quality of fabrics and
high-grade workmanship. The
materials are the productions
of thc best British looms, in
the season's latest colorings
and designs. Strictly exclusive
garments and splendid values.
Main   and   Third   Floors—H.B.O. -Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, October 2,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary federated beatarer*
of Canada.)
BRITISH LABOB MEN
FLAY  KEPT PRESS
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
(Continued from page 1)
various countries he was struck
with the similarity of the workers
in all nations, and could see no
reason why the working peopie of,
SAWMILLS BREAKING 8-HOUR DAY;
"SAFETY FIRST" AT BARNET LBR. 4
In the last issue of this paper,  ful, but on going to the shipping the world should not control the  T AWS are made to be broken—if capital ls no respecter of naj
the secretary of the Federated Sea-  office with the Captain to sign the worla\ 'uat as he oould see n° rea" J-'   the breaker happens to be a  alitles,  so  the  same  methodi
farers Union received a report that articles, he was told by the ship- son for the eilstenoe of * liberal lumberman or saw mill owner. The that employed across the btfl
Captain McConnechy of the S. S.  ping master that some other man workinS  man and a conservative „„„&   heralded   eight  hour  day,  are  used  to  speed  up  Canaf
"Canadian  Aiiller"   (C.  G.  M.  M.  by the name of Lacey had been worklnS man.   He had heard peo-  which purported to be such a boon workers, and the same' treatri
Ltd.), signed U. H. Donnelly at an picked out for the job, therefore ple   in   certam   places   proclaim  to the men working in the nulls meted out to them.   Meantime
Australian port as an ordinary sea-  Kennedy had to stand down. Proudly that 20,000,000 bushels of llag beo^e a mere plaything to be  must, at all costs help to main]
man  and  laier  put  him  in  the      The crew met Lacey on board sraln nad ben shlPped thr°ueh the twisted  and   turned   whenever  it the glorious traditions of the ■'
stokehole   at   ordinary   seaman's  the ship and asked him if he had port in whioh .th?y lived* and upon suits the saw mill interests to do  ish Empire, and save the cou]]
from foreign influences.
Trafficking in Flour
Better Than Farmil
MONTREAL — (P    P) — wf
there   are   complaints   about
wages.    The correspondent giving a union card, but Lacey could not  -investigation  had  found that the B0#
this report inferred that the differ-  produce  one.    He   was   then  in-  sraln was sold by WaU street- •New      Where  organized labor has es-
ence in the wages of an ordinary  structed to go and see the Secre-   York- tablished   definite   working   rules,
seaman and a stoker might have tary of the Seafarers' Union and He regretted to find the Labor anij hours of labor, public holidays
gone to Captain McConnecny. Up- get credentials to satisfy the crew movement of Canada divided up mean not only days in which no
nn investigation by the secretary that he was o. k. When Lacey lnto so many factions, and separ- work js performed, but also that
of the Federated Seafarers' Union, stepped into our office and asked ated *y so many isms. As a trans- additional time shall not be work-
it was found that the facts in this for credentials to present to the *P°rt worker he was sorry to find ed on other days to compensate for price of bread, the Ogilvie IfHlj
case did not warrant such infer- crew, he was refused, owing to the the longshoremen practically with- the t_me lost. This, however, is Co., Ltd., a large Canadian ei
ence. In justice to Captain Mc- fact that while working as a sea- out an organization, and what lit- not the case ln at ieast qulte a eern last year pald 2B per cent f
Connechy, who, like any other sea- man aboard the "Canadian Scot- tie did exist divided into isolated number 0f saw mins, in certain vldends. The stook was split .
farer, is responsible to the ship's tish" he had refused to join the groups. He pleaded for the unity mma Saturday afternoons, and on a three-to-one basis. In
owners for his conduct, we wish to Union. The crew therefore stated of the working class against the overtime at night was worked to milling year just closed the cq
express our regret that this state- that Kennedy was the man that forces of capitalist reaction, and compensate for the time lost on pany paid dividends of 6 per cJ
ment occurred. should have got the job, as he was  financial   domination,   and   stated  May 24th and July 1st, so In real-  and a bonus of 3 per cent., equ]
  fair to organized labor and had a  that so far as he was concerned,  lty the Baw mlu empi0yees did not alent to 24 per cent, on the
The man Donnelly,  who joined  pald UP card in the Federated Sea-  he would never go hungry while a  re0eiVe a holiday at all.    This is  stock.   And this old stock, incl^
the "Canadian Miller" at Auckland,  t&TerB' Union of Canada. shop was open. what happens when working rules  ed a stock dividend of 100 per ce
h-d never been to sea before and      The orew insisted that the skip-       He- told of the fearful squalor are left to the tender mercies of   given   stockholders   in   1908.
was rated as a seaman, and put to per slgn on  Kennedy  under  the and poverty in which the workers political quacks looking for elec-  holders of the original stock rea
work in the engine room of the  conditions that would be offered to  in  the constituency he represent- tion   slogans,   and   vote   catching  received 48 per cent, this year a_
"Miller," according to the recori any other union member in New  ed in parliament, existed.   Of the schemes. B0 per cent, the year before,
at the shipping office.    This man  Zealand, that is, Kennedy be sign-   overcrowding and the hunger and      in certain saw mills in the inter-      The recent consummation of
Donnelly has been re-engaged on  on to be returned to the port of  misery they endured, and in clos- ior the owners and managers are  asbestos merger places under
the same ship as an ordinary sea- signing on (Vancouver) with wages   ing  called  upon   the  workers  to  openly  boasting  that   they  break  control  of a  group   of Amerlcl
man, which means that Donnelly and   aecond   class   transportation,  eome  together and solidify  their the eight hour law with Impunity:   and   Canadian  capitalists   80
has consented to work for one half The skiPPer conceded the demands forces for the purposes of control-      in the saw mill at Merrit, B. C.  cent.  of the world production
of the wages he had while coming  "after due consideration," as the ling their own destinies. whenever the crew works overtime  that commodity.
from Auckland, N. Z.   Our advice orew were determined not to sail      Mrs.   Rose   Henderson,   federal no whistle is blown, this evidently .	
to Mr. Donnelly, who according to unless the new man got everything candidate for the New Westmin- in order not to attract undue atten-
the records is no youngster, is that he was entitled to. Once more a ster ridjng( was the last speaker, tlon. One wonders whether in
there is no room for him to work non-union man has been shown and confirmed what Mr. Smith had oases of this nature, permission
for small wages, and that he had tne gate- pointed  out regarding the condt- has been secured to work overtime,
better stay in the country where      Tbia to the same snlp tnat was tions  of the workers in the  old or is it just being done to suit the
he joined the ship.   There are too  here in 1921> wnen the ship wa&  land.    She pleaded for women to whims of the owners,
many of his kind in Canada al- loaded to' excess on the deck and get int0 the movement and assist     "When it fits in with necessary
ready. the seamen did not have enough* ln the struggle. repair work in the mills, in some
  room to get in and out of their      Another meeting will be Held In  plants,   twelve   hours   per  day  is
•vr*,,*   quarters-   When the men P'otest- the same theatre next Sunday ev- worked for four day a week, after
vane- ^d to the Captain he refused to  enlng at 8 p>ln, which the mill is closed down for
two days. The lumbermen who se-
rTHE crew of the S.  S,
mata of the Canadian Austra- have the matter adjusted, and the
lasian Royal Mall Line (freight men appealed to the Secretary of
service) which was in Vancouver, the Federated Seafarers' Union to
for a few days loading and unload- take the matter up with the pro-
ing freight for New Zealand, had per authorities,
occasion to replace a coal passer      The port warden was approach
Owing to the economic condition oured seats ,n the Legislature at
of  the  labor  market at  present, last 'provincial election are certain
there  are   quite  a  few   men   on •* looking after the interests of the
Coastal ships in British Columbia Council of Timber Industries. But
—--•«"  -*> -*■*-* - — *"-»—       xne port waruen was approacn-                    not'organized     The Fed then that is what they were elected
in place of one of the crew who ed by the Secretary, but refused to      at are not or6amzeu*    lhe Fea- , «
Who   Is   BILL   HUNGERFORD I i
Ask Any  Lsbor Msn.
STANFORD
ROOMS
80S SETMOUB STBEET
Housekeeping   snd   Transient
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Cambridge, Props.
had taken sick, and had to be left do anything unless the crew of the
behind.   A member of the Feder-  g. g. "Waitemata" signed a state
ated Seafarers' Union of Canada,  ment calling for the port warden.
erated Seafarers' Union of Canada *or-
is striving to maintain better con-     The saw milla* llke the *°%&ng
ditions for all seafarers.    There-  camPs> are speeded up to the maxi-
,X"  —"""'V -'""V    --..—,   meoi caiung ior tne pun waraen. advisable for Ml ..earner.  «***"• of human endurance.    Those
(James Kennedy)   had made en-  This the crew complied with, and  _°T* lt is aavlsable for all seamen -
quiries for the job and was success-  the contain m compelled tn have  *> J°»" *»« union at the first op- w.h° are unable to    hit the ball
"hit the trail".   Their speed is de-
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY    '
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76. Hastings East
HAROLD DEOO and
BOB KRAUSB
Late S4th Batt and 72nd Batt.
the excess cargo moved from the  PortunUy and resist the losing of
conditions that will be made worse terminea   Dy tne speea  at wnicn
entrance  to  the   men's   quarters.
The crew were very grateful for trough the men being unorganiz
the  assistance   of  the   Federated
Seafarers' Union.
  The S. S. "Canadian Rover," was
The S  S   "E  D. Kingsley" was ln port last week end ano- some of
in port the other day and one of the orew left the «»h»P owing to the
conditions aboard, where the sea-
the "machinery can be driven.
Many get hurt In the rush, but woe
betide those who get hurt too often. The employers in the Industry are assessed the total cost of
each accident by the Workmen's
Compensation Board, and naturally they desire to keep the amount
the A. Bs. quit the ship, and intro ._ .,..,_ „.,__.„ ,„ _„,.   „_ 	
duced another seaman for the job, ™en «« asked to do things out of ft. ,ow &s        1M6/  As a resuU we
who it is believed had no union «» ordinary.    Fifteen minutes ls flnd sU(jh. not,oeB &g the foUow
card, or was a former union mem- »"" one of the officers allows for &       ,n certaln saw mlUs.
ber,   but  had   fallen   in   arrears. the Beaman wh0 washes  up  the
Therefore, it was decided to have d,shes and cleans the men's quar-
hlm backed out of the ship, which ters after each meal.   No mess boy
was easy, considering the attitude ls a»owed for the seamen or fire-
of the crew towards anyone who men aboard any of the vessels of
fails to recognize the principle of the C- G- M- M- Ltd-
organized labor.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, R.O.
What a difference to the conditions aboard the Australian and
New Zealand vessels which come
into this port. Is it any wonder
that the seamen of Canada have to
suffer i such miserable conditions
when they refuse to become organized like the seamen of Australia
and New Zealand.
BARNET LUMBER COMPANY
WD.
'     Bernet, B. O.
NOTICE TO EMPLOYEES
From this date any employ-..
ee who has three accidents ln
one year, which puts him under the doctor's care will be
considered a careless workman
and   discharged   accordingly,
unless he can furnish positive
proof that the accident was
unavoidable.       All     accidens
must he reported to the offlce
at onoe.   Please help us keep
down accidents.
Barnet Lumber Company Ltd.
. There ls no lost time or waste
BROCPS
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings St. s
VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Oet Goods Out by First Mail
After Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
Election time is drawing night
and we will have the promises of
all the would be politicians to ben- motion at this plant. Everyone is
efit the workers. If there is one speeded up to the limit that hu-
section of workers who need bet- man muscle and sinew can stand
ter conditions, it is the seamen of up t0 but sh0uid some unfortun-
Canada, where there is no limit at6p overworked, machine driven
to the amount of hours that are employee, keyed to the fever pitch
worked without extra pay, especially on the vessels of the Canadian  Government Merchant Mar-
with a fear of losing his job, happen to slip more than three times
In one year, down the road he goes,
lne Ltd., who seem to be able to ^ one better fitted to stand the
get by with almost anything. gtraln wln be taken on in his place.
This  corporation   hails   from   the
Ceremopy was devised  at first country of mass production, Taylor
to  set a gloss  on faint deeds.— Efficiency Systems,, and  Fordized
Shakespeare. Industry—the United States.    But
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for  ;'*k»
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
.Quick Snviet for Btpiirs
AU Work Ooanntood
Speclal Attention to Hall Ordon
H. Harvey
IiUblliktd In YMMuvor la MIT
U OORDOVA rTTREBT W. day, October 2, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
K;^wkers Fight
Non-Union Employers
HBLIN.—($7?)—Employees of
Metropole restaurant In Dub-
m^^TTTJ^- BRITISH WORKERS ENDORSE
house. All other hotels and
urants have agreements with
Irish Transport' & General
ters* union. Strikers declare
• patronage ls poor and that
will win.
STRUGGLE FOR LABOR UNITY
(By Scott Nearing, Associated Press Correspondent.)
SCARBORO,  Eng. — "We   con- apd the other "left" members of
sider it onr duty to stand by the the   General   Council   who   have
_„_..„   __.  been handling the situation dur-
sides this contest 800 grocery working classes of Russia!"   IVed        tJw yw>
s are on strike and a number Bramley, secretary of the General
arters employed by two large Council, and a member of the
Conditions are very  bad, British Trade Union Delegation to
For several weeks past the capitalist press has been conducting
, .   . „ ,,       „    ,       .a vigorous campaign against these
many thousands unemployed Russia   was speaking. He   eanefl J                     Qeneral ^^
, wages   for   common   labor over the platform rail, jo-d-tacrt anfl       inat theJr unlt   objeotlves.
nd  .8 to $10 a week.    Food the  newspapermen,  andI dieted Bramley  had   finished
es are about the same as in his  words   slowly   so    hat  they ,m        ive sp6ech the resolu-
United States.                            might get the foil effect of what wfmt thr                   a shout
he was saying.    Ever since the
VANCOUVER   HAEBOTJE
COMMISSIONERS
British delegation made its Rns-
Scarcely a voice was raised against
it, and no one rose to oppose it.
NOTICE   TO
'RINKLER
AUTOMATIC
COMPANIES
sian report, the capitalist papers ^  __rltiah   Tra(Je  Unlon   Move,
have been making bitter attaeks -       officially committed
upon it.   This was the first (toe ■      another twelve months of ef.
that the General CouncU has had
HO. S EIXVATOB  SPEINK1BB
SYSTEM
USD  TENDERS   marked   "No.   3
Elevator   Sprinkler   System,"   cov-
t.
fort   to   unify   the
forces of the wsorld.
trade   union
an opportunity to answer.
"We    must    consider    Russia^
problems ln relation to "the past ^
history of Russia," Bramley went HOW Best To Organize
on.    "It is not possible to judge .    ftrpat TssilP TnriftV
them in the light of our expert- 1S Wea^lSSUe  lOOay
ence."
"There are certain things that     (By Scott Nearing, Federated
he continued.   "The Press.)
A complete installation of An-
•tio Sprinklen with a two-source
' ,    Including    Underwriters'    Fire
and Soction Tank. we can say,1
lkler.Awlth,ta^t\otceAUt.«pp8lt Russian   Revolution   is   the   first      SCARBOROUGH,  Eng.-Amal-
addressed to the undersigned, will revolution in all history that has gamation, the One Big Union, and
received  at the Ofiioe  of  the  Tan- o1t_.j   ot   „_j   hppiitpi.   thn   over-
for    Harbour    Commissioners     525 aimed  at  and  "soured  Uie   over orgaillzed  shop  committees,   were
Wr Street, until  12 o'clock nnon. throw of exploitation, the worlds a^^^    by    thfj   Trade   Unlon
Vednesday the 7th day of October, flm experlment * working class ^^   on   &   ^^  wWch
j»n«,  specifications,  form of  tender control  of  public  affairs.    There dlrected the  Qeneval Conncil  "to
W contract may  be  obtained  at  the thev  have   DUt  into   practice   the        .. .• ■     _.    _ .
Ie  of the  Acting  Chief  Engineer, tney, f,       !1   1   IT h.m continue the work of amalgama-
■ Seymour Street. resolutions   that   we   have   been Uob of eyUsting xmlona, with One
.   deposit    of   Twenty-five    dollars passing   in   these   congresses, for nto tt-.™  _- fi,_ „iHmat« <_nnl»
■¥.00)  will  be  required,  which  will „        mo_, B«  wnIon as tne Ultimate goal,
L-efunded upon return of the plans, many years. an(j suggested  that  "the  number
rile?_!,T.'_ e.hLn •__ .„„nm„,, ,«a w* "There Is one great lesson that 0f lin_ons should be reduced to a
no tenders, shall he  accompanied  try ..     ^      .      *.*,      ,  _,      t.      _ ..-u.
accepted  cheque  equal  to  ten  per the Russian Revolution has taugnt minimum" and that the "congress
,   (10%)   of   the   amount   of   the ua,   it is possible to make changes should not encourage the forma-
tzr.    The   accepted   cheque   of   the  . , .  ._  _  . .„_,_ ,„ .,        . .   ,
fcssful tenderer will be released on In governments; to put people ln tjon 0f any new nn_on."
K^rS^Lhlm *#!!? SSS prison; t0 out off the he--8 eVe" Mi   amendment,   favoring   the
PtC(r4),T7he,0»mouTtenoT',{hee °f ^b; * remove whole ruling exudation    0f    unions    which
H^  •«,      ™         ... v   ,     . _ a-™aBtles-   t0  launcn   devastating were effeotlve  unlts of organiza-
K*1JonTAclC,an"e W    b6 teSert wars upon the world and slaugh- tl(m   but aeprecatlng the idea of
V»  lowest or  any  tender will  not ter the  workers by the  millions, the 0ne B,g Unlon>  brought  out
■*"""' b<> ."C'^;D HATtvn. a"d yet to maintain your position a    sharp    d-,bate.    Be„    Ti,iett,
Secretary, of  respectability  in   society.     We speak,ng against the amendment,
Member 29th.* 1026. have   had   some   experience   with Mguei  that   "all  the  workers  In
.      ,   „      „,.,..„_,      these matters ln our own  ooun- all the .trades must get together
[ind In Tiur Subscription Today, try.   But lf you disturb the land- and oppoge an the bosges„ wh„e
ed InterestsE, if you interfere with g    Eigb-,rg   ot   the   Tailors'   and
business profits, if you take any Garment   Workers'  declared   that
step   that  threatens  the   destruc- „_ve   faee   ft   strug-.,e   wlth   the
tion of the established system of maBte_.   c,agg „     The  ame|tldment
exploitation, you will be ostracized wa_ defeated by a vote of 2,073,-
iargains
in Shoes
' E N'S,    Women')    and
^ Children's Dress,  Work,
|t School.
Just  compare   our   prices.
|Tou can always do better at
Tie Imperial
{Shoe Store
11087 OBANVILLE ST.
pp. Standard Furniture Co.
and attacked by the whole capitalistic world. Tou will be compelled to face what Russia faces
now."
000 to 1,667.000.
Workers Mnst Consolidate
Summing  up  the  argument in
Unemployment Problems
Discussed by Congress
(Carl Brannlp, Federated Press)
SCARBOROUGH, Eng. —With
more than 1,600,000 unemployed
workers ,ln England today, and
the number growing week by
week, the Trade Union Congress
confined itself to measures dealing with reform of the present
unemployment relief machinery
rather than militant action to
check and overcome this menace.
Harry Pollitt, delegate from the
boilermakers, and secretary of the
National Minority Movement, asked the Congress to adopt a programme embodying the following
features.
1. To cement bonds between
unemployed and employed workers so that they would fight better together ln strikes.
2. That Labor Party i,n Parliament should pursue a policy of
obstruction until definite action
was taken to stop the closing
down of Industry; to extend government credit to concerns desiring to trade with Russia and
break the credit blockade of the
batiks as evidenced by their resent refusal to finance large buying orders of machinery from
Russia.
3. A nation-wide campaign to
organize the unemployed.
lie pointed out that unemploy-
ment was being artificially fostered as a part of the employers' offensive igalnst the miners and the
working class generally next May.
J. M. Keynes, Liberal economist,
was -.iu-. ted as an authority In this
connection.
Ullen Wilkinson, Labor M.P.,
anil Haldsworth of the Distributive Workers, ureed that the National Unemployed Workers' Committee Movement be given full affiliation to the Trades Union Congress. Thev pointed to tbe fine
support given by the men and
women out of work to other workers out on strike. In case after
case they had refused to scab,
even though they were hungry
themselves. The unemployed
should be tied closer to the Trade
Union Movement and given a
chance to present their ease at
the Congress of Trade Unions.
GLASSES
5
COMPLETE
Ho Brags Used in Examination
THIS advertisement means high-
grade glasses, with a thorough and -advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand back of all work turned
out, ■ .;• " :
If your eyes ache, see lis.
Bird Eye Service
205 SERVICE BLDO.
680 Robson Street
Phone Sey. 8955
The resolution upon which favor of the original motion, C.
Bramley was speaking recorded Dukes of the National Union of
appreciation by Congress "of the General Workers pointed out that
General Council's efforts to pro- the bosses are no lonsrer organized
mote international unity, and maustrially. but. financially. In-
urged the incoming General Coun- dustrial organization is therefore
cil to do everything in their power CO lonerer sufficient for the wnrk-
toward securing world-wide unity «"■ Tbey, too, must consolidate
of the Trade Union Movement their forces,
through an all Inclusive Interna*- When Jt came to a vote, the
tlonal Federation of Trade Un- railway men and the miners, both
ions." The passage of this reso- industr-al unions, voted aenlnrt
lution placed the Congress square- the resolution, which was lost by
ly behind Purcell, Bramley, Hicks a vote   of   2.1 SR 000   to   1.7R7i.no
From the debate and the votintf
it was clear that the Congress
was definitely committed to the
prln-Mnle of Industrial unions. Thl<<
principle Is accepted by all save
a few craft unions. On the other
hand, the industrial unions, snch
as the miners, are not yet rendv
to accept the idea of the One Big
Union.
Centralization
In the big issue of centralization
of power ln the hands of the General Council, A. J. Cook of the
Miners and J. H. Thomas of the
Railwaymen 1«4 opposing forces.
Cook said: "The time has long
gone past when any one union or
any one Industry can settle its
disputes apart trom the whole
labor movement." To which Thomas retorted: "Power ls essential,
but   common-sense   Is  sometimes
necessary."	
The reaolutloin was referred to
the Council with Instructions to
examine the problem, consult affiliated unions, and report to a
special congress of the executives
concerned. Cook, after the vote,
"(ItMWhB ifegWMd Oft 'drfC-Bton W
Our present-day system of life is
killing and debasing thousands of
pood men and women; It Is settin t
the mark of poverty, with Its consequences of weakness of body and
dullness of mind on thousands of
the little citizens of the future. It
brands them directly they are born
ln the bare homes of tbe Ill-nourished women whose husbands are
on short time or out of work—C.
H. Le Bosquet.
■'end in Your Piitwmtlnn TnflRv
a triumph for the more progressive  element in  the  Congress.
A resolution favoring shop committees and warning against capitalist schemes of co-operation
was carried.
NIGHT
Open
October 6
Sixty
Courses
ENROL
FRIDAY, Oct. 2nd
—or—
MONDAY, Oct. 5th
between 5 and 6 p.m. or
7 and 9:30 p.m., at the
School Board Office,
Dunsmuir and Hamilton
Streeta.
RECIPROCATE
We   support   your   paper.
Where do yon buy your
Painting Supplies?
PAINT THIS FALL
—WITH—
ANTIMO WHITE
Prepare for the winter rains
with a coat of good paint
IP BUILDING OR REMODELLING  USE
FIR OR LAMATCO
3-PLY PANELS
and get that cosy effect. See
our finished samples and
use our free estimate service  on  paints and  panels.
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings E.
WE DELIVER
•iTTT-tf tll'-lllll'l
MEN'S NEW
STETSON   HATS
Are Now Opened Up, $8.50
VELOUE, in the New Shades $6.50
BILTMOBE HATS, Silk Lined $5.50
STANFIELD'S UNDERWEAR, at $3.00 Suit, and Combinations.
HANSON SOX ...: SOc, 65c, 75c
ALL WOOL SWEATERS, up from $2.00,
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST Pag* Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
!.?rid»yjfottafeey^
WHEN we secured the
■" : service of an expert to
conduct our sale he told us
'Our regular prices were In
■af*enfei_al lower than most
• firm's sale prices.
Men'a solid leather welted oxfords, tan or black. Sale
prioe 13.60
Men's 1st quality Knee Gum
Boots,  6 to  10 $1.25
Hen's  Rain Ooats.    Sale
prloo    $8.76
See us for guaranteed Oil Clothing at lowest prices.
Men's    Heavy   Bib    Underwear,
winter  weight
Per   garment $1.46   &   $2.26
Men's  Cotton  Socks,  tan  or
black     190
Men's Arrow Dress Shirts
    $1.89 and $1.96
Women's Foot Hold Rubbers 760
Arthur Frith & Co.
Mon's   and    Boyi'    Furnishing!,
Hats, Boots and Shoei
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   Snd   8th   Avennei
Phono'Fair. 11
Use Gasmen To*Br«
Milk Prims'*
SUPPORT BUSINESS CONCERNS PRlEMfiLT
TO ORGANIZED LABOR    ^
THHE advertisers in The Labor Advocate desferve the supp&rt of organised labor
and its friends. They materially assist in making it possible for this paper to
be of service tg the workers. The individuals and fifinS using Mir publication are
showing interest in our cause, and workers should give them ihe preference in
making purchases. As organized workers, you can readily see the value of reciprocity in preference to all others. This goes to show that our advertisers should
get the benefit of the purchasing power of organized labor.
TRY US FOR
SCHOOL SHOESTmd
RUBBERS
W.  TEWNION,  4405  Main  St.
Pi&GLY WIGGLY
Helps Those Who Help Themselves
piGGLY WIGGLY prices are. consistently low.    Every article
purchased from Piggly Wiggly is absolutely guaranteed to
give entire satisfaction or your money will be refunded without question.
Just a Few of Our Prices Good Till Oct. llth
10 lbs. B.C. Extra Fine Sugar  65c
Little Chip Orange Marmalade, No. I......  24c
Premier Salad Dressing, large  50c
Royal Crown Soap, carton  19c
Carnation Milk, tall   10c
977 GRANVILLE 4118 MAIN STREET
2715 GRANVILLE- 2151 41st AVENUE W.
Parisian Millinery Store
4121 MAIN STREET (Next to Parker's)
OUR SPECIALTY
HAND-MADE DRESSES AND MILLINERY
Phone Fair. 524 MADAME de. DELLEY
EZZY'S CHOCOLATE SHOP
Is Now Located at the
Corner 25th Avenue and Main Street
You  will  always  find  our  HOME-MADE CANDIES and
CHOCOLATES a real treat.
We appreciate your patronage and Here's a Special for You
for All This Week—HAND-ROLLED  CHOCOLATES  29c  Lb.
■TV VER 500 LADIES AND CHILDREN'S DRESSES'—Values from
91.50 to $3.00—To clear with a RUSH at from 39c to $1.49
MEN'S RAIN  OOATS   -  »4.96
MEN'S BIBBED OVERALLS—Value! from $1.50 to 1.2.1a at 96c to $1._6
Msny Other Bargains—Every Price Cut
C. J. CLARRIDGE
Next to J. Laws' Hardware Store
No. 449S, Corner Main Street and 29th. Avenue
G. J. CLARKE
4148 MAIN STBEET
Watches,   Clocks  and  Jewelry
Repairing
Prices Moderate
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTERS,   FOLIOITOR8, BIO.
401-408 Metropolitan  Building    .
137 Hastlngi St. W„ Vaneouvar, B.O.
Telephone!: Seymonr 6866 and 6687
FOB UP-TO-DATE
Dressmaking, Tailoring; Remodelling, Cutting
and FMng-^-Childreii's Wear—See
MRS. McDONALB, 4308 Main Street
PEARSON'S
Cash Meat and Produce Market
*^——********'******!■ '  " ■-            t    __^____fc- ,.,  .,.,*-, ,..^^miUidijim
4273 Main Street
THE WORKING MAN'S FRIEND
Sate
Underwear
AND WINTER OOODS
OPEN SATURDAYS DNTIL OM P.M.
Men's Puro Wool Heavy Rib
Shirts and Drawers, Regular
$2.25,    for $1.88
Men's Overalls. Regular $2.25,
for *..»1.96
Purple Heather Knitting Wool.
Regular 20o per ounce, for 16c
Flannelette Blankets, largest and
heaviest on the market (delivered to any part of city) 12.86
PARKER'S
4117 MAIN 1ST. at 25th Ave.
Dry Goods
Men^Wear
Phone Fnirinon.. 801
4497 MAIN ST., Cor. 29th Ave.
Phone Fair. 2639
HARDWARE
The Home of Better Goods at a Lower Price
CASCADE—A Hlgh-Grade  Roofing—     'Solid   Copper   W»«h   Boilers—Large
{ *!y   Htl *-*<&«9 OoroSFSicfie'" :Katod"So'380
2 -Ply    •"•*-*6      • Tea Kettles  #2*25
3 Ply ■  WiSO /oome and «• ,our;display of Alum-
Nails and Cement included. ,  inum Ware
St—etwm************************************************mm^*mmn**n**-—***~*——
Mrs. TM. Rannie
4531 MAIN STREET
DRESS MAKING, TAILORING AND REMODELING,
FANCY WORK, LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S
UNDERWEAR
PRICES   MODERATE
Hemstitching,  Stamping, * Patterns.    Sa$fcf aetion
Guaranteed.
QUALITY SHOE STORE
.   . .      • '       '-——
TOTE WANT. to..supply the Footwear for you
"and your--family. ;You will fiM ihat we
give fair and -square* treatment at ill times.
Bay from *m shd save moiwy.
26th AVEN9E aadJSAiN STREET, next Royal Theatre
Mention the LABOR ADVOCATE
When making your pwehases our readen can be sure
of good treatment ftom any of these merchants.
CHIQAGQ^(FPj^A.tnUle,J
making its rounds in Chiefs
> rying a guard armed with a. j
oft shotgun on -tho driver's i
■i to mention an flet-sotlve burfa
•quad and an auto lull,of
sheriffs for additional prottj
does not mean* that revolutla
broken out here.   It mean|
the Employers' Association
oago ls staging a grand stanj
to launch its oampalgn to
the Milk Wagon Drivers' unlij
The excuse for this millta
play wad the explosion of a
causing slight damage to tho
union Illinois Creamery Co."
corripaiijr was established red
under the protection of the!
ployers*  association  to  leaf
anti-union,,move whtehfit ,coj
plated.  -The,bombing bear
earmarks of a plant by som|
tectlve weney.    It seems >:
accidental 'that this wAs. total
a time when till-the officials
Milk Waeon X.Hvers' unton i
Seattle attending their conve
which meets only--ence-in 6,:
The emplovert-t*1..association-
•antl-unUm*,,publicity makes a|
ciftl point* of ithe union* milk-."
drivers refusal to-detlveir to.'
customers who* -attempt toj
■their trade away frbin- dMtef
erating in close co-onerationl
the union. Such normalunlolf
tics neaesary to preserve »nlo
ditions and recognition arjl
tremely otolectlonal to -the
shop Interests.
Hostetter, of the employer^
soclatlon, asserts that' lertal-
will be taken to break.the hij
the union. Referring pointer}
the $2.B9(O60 put up to hrea^
teamsters union In 1»04 he|
"The employers* assoplatlon-lnj
to drive this uftlon out and
spend whatever ls necessary,
lt."
Bagaatte Sttfke Nets
Dollar, a, Week"
(Federated Press.)
- NEW YORK.—New York.,
gage men, who move the t^
and* *uite»ses-of passeng*
rallrotid stations. have.jWWK]
increases -of  one- -dollar, a.
with the signing of a thred
agreement  -that ... *termlji*lie»l
strike   called i -IMA * moljkth.
walkout started ^rt»en*-the^
panies out wages a dollar a
and the meji are thus >two ■
a week better off than' If ]
had submitted.
WEAJU-
They are: made
first quality leatH
ers on comf ortablj
good fitting last
For work or di
At all leading Shoe St
j. LECKIE CI
United

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