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The Canadian Labor Advocate Mar 11, 1926

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Array The Canadian
Special Articled
{Industry Slowing Up 	
"Shearing the Sheep  1
I, Snaring Immigrants ........ 3
Following the Gleam  S
L'New r*1    .odsin Russia .... 5
hteqnth Year, No. 10.
abor Advocate
With Which If Incorporate! THE ******* FEDERATIONIST
The Week's News
Girl Strikers Clubbed  1
Conditions In India   1
(Politicians Aid Bosses .... 1
Australian Labor News .. 4
Prosperity to Depart 5
Sis Pages
Miners Ground Down by ]
Obsolete Machinery Of Overproduction Clogs tfy Wheels of Industry
Alberta Coal Operators
™ Girl Strikers Brutally
By LELAND OLDS, Federated Prm Industrial Edilor
DMONTON,    Alta.—Some    per-   one  dollar  per  day deducted  for
pt facts showing how the coal   board.    "Some  people,"    he 'said,
ers In Alberta must pay for the  would tell us that a man should be
filiated machinery used by the  ablo to work during the summer
operators of this province,  at wages like that and put enough
disclosed by P, M. Christo-   by to keep him during the winter.
member of the provincial  I would like to ssk the members ot
lature    for    Rocky Mountain  this House it they think they could
ln his reply to the speech   do lt?"
ie throne. 	
lparing conditions In Alberta ■»■,,. . , .
those obtaining In the State rOlltlCl&DS Alfl
ntana, he pointed out that ih
itter place the miners  were
it the rate of $8.39 per day,
in the former the rate was
t-,40; but ln spite of this dlf-
e, coal, at the pit mouth in
i    sold  for $1.85  per ton,
i Alberta $3.10 was charged,
llontana operators    had  the
most up-to-date machin-
|.ut In Alberta the machinery
illng with promises  made to
liners that If they would ac-
lower wages there would be
orders for cosl, more work,
ireater prosperity, Mr. Chris-
showed that notwtthstand-
i decreased wages in Alberta
nportatlon of U.S.  coal into
had  Increased   by  some
tons during the past year,
' the amount purchased from
Clubbed By* Armed Thugs
and Police in New Jersey
PASSAIC,  N.J.—A campaign  of  trampled them as they lay on the
Canadian Bosses
MONTREAL—(PP)—One day the
Co-ullan government announced that It had undertaken to
guarantee immigrants from the
British iBles employment for five
years on farms or domestic service.
The next It announced, In response
THAT labor may soon face a new industry with, its large dependence
fight against a move by employ, oh Instalment purchasing Is more
ers  to   deflate   standards   appears precarious.    To  prepare  for  cut-
from an interview with Bdltor W. P. *at competition the makers are   terror MglltfulnMa hB8 „..„  gro|ind ruthlessness "th*
Hamilton    of    The    Wall    Street l*.lng P oduc.cn far beyond any . ^»»^»  «J*J~*J
Journal.   He cautions stockmsrket pt|ce winch can be sustained.   Says   „„,„„, ,,,. _(_lv,„„ ,„„._ . t.„   „,,_ ."./_._,°re oeeI- dualled 1^
gamblers  on  the  uncertainties of ajapocial Whil Street Journal ar-
the present situation.   He says: tlple:
"The public victory ln the coal     jit is estimated that full thirty
strike Is a hopeful sign and may Pd| cent, of production during Jan.
sound a note of conservatism as an uary   remained   unsold   and   that
Important lirst step in the deflation sticks of unsold cars Increased ful-
of labor which must come sooner ly)! twenty   per   cent,   during   the
or later.   It Jb worth noting that mjinth.    The record-breaking pro.
such deflation can be achieved by duetion In the first month of 1926
raising the Individual wage." exceeded 330,000 cars and trucks,
Apparently the Important feature against 241.002 a year ago.    This
of the anthracite settlement for big
business Ib the prospect of greater
output per worker. Fewer workers
for a given output Is a step toward
a now deflation of labor.
would indicate a final output of
6,000,000 vehicles this year against
4,300,000 last year. If other months
continue to show the proportionate gain shown In January.   Few
Overproduction characterized both executives anticipate such a record."
the steel and automobile industries Automobile  mnkers  counted  too
In January.   The excessive produc- much on the farmers for this year's
tlon of Iron and steel Is emphasized market.   This hope Is rapidly fad.
In the Iron Age by Director L. H. Ing.   But when they turn to the In-
Haney of the New York University dustrial regions they are faced with
bureau of business research.     He tbo Judgment ot the Cleveland Trust
against the striking textile workers, this part of the country.
Recently a peaceful  assemblage     The Infuriated police conducted
of strikers, numbering some 4,000,  themselves in a most obnoxious anl
was attacked.   Motorcycles    were  brutal  manner,  hurling  moat  ob*
used by the police, who rode Into  scene oaths at young girls and call***
the crowd, mowing down men, wo-  Ing them Insulting names such a*
men and children.    Other    police  are seldom head even In the red
light districts that flourish openly
In all the mill towns of this state.'
For days a number of New York
newspapers  have  been  publishing
photographs of the police lines as
they assault the peaceful groups of
DIFFERENT    VIEWPOINTS  *trikers-   This   damnihg evidence
MAY CAUSE SPLIT has plaeod ""> c"y mayor and other.
—-— authorities on the defensive to such.
By C. McKAY an -Wont that indignant citizens,*
MOXTREAL-(FP)-One   of   the   oltea«^ at  the  unprovoked  out.;
rifts In the lute of International   rngeB' are demanding the lmpeach-
Workers Dislike
Union Insurance
unionism In Canada arises trom the
fact that while the American membership seems to be attaching more
Importance to Insurance and pension
. shows steel production nlne'een per Co. that certain markets, notably schemes under union control, many
dpoimetelslLS-TlB3 relieving <!ent' abovo normal ln Deceml,er ****_ mW<1,e At,an"c ,eBlon- "to"" c<*uadian workers think the state
serious unemployment among Cana-
etslmatod normal requirements. of industrial activity the situation
The situation in the automobile  demands that labor be prepared.
an example of how the mln-
Alberta were being ground
by the operators, he quoted
se of a certain miner who had
il — days more ln 1925 than
[94, but his yearly earnings
$75.85 less.   He charged that
ilons were worse today in the
ig camps than ever in the hls-
of the Industry ln this pro-
ment of the mayor, the chief of
police and other officials response
ble for the disorders of the past
few weeks. In an effort to avert
further nation-wide exposures the
     PoI|ce assaulted   the   cameramen,
and sixteen per cent, above ln Janu. diminishing absorption tor nutomo- should be obliged to bear the bur- Dea"n& n number of them badly.
*,,*...,.__ „.._,..,....,...-.... "■■•■"•» """". 'ary, while January production of bil^s. As the auto industry ls con. den of unemployed and worn-out an(1 de8tro3,|ng equipment valued at
dlan workers, mat     waB pr p p|g lron was twenty per cent above   sidered one ot the main stimulants   workers.   In that they follow Brit-   more than $5,000.
Ish workers, and In the shaping of The recent disorders were de-'
Canadian labor Ideals the British Hberately provoked by Chief of Po-
immigrant plays a large role. -ice Zozer, who ordered his men tol
The leader of the section of boiler- Pcmit the strikers on picket duty)
makers who recently withdrew from to enter a street near ,the Botanyj
their international ls reported as mill and after they were In thel
saying that the International unions street the police closed In on them'
were becoming so loaded with obit- and tried to ■ terrorise them with'
gatlons that they were ceasing to clubs; Police cossacks i-ode through
lieeffeetlve-flghHnff machines, fear- tl» crowd, trampling many under-
Ing the effects of strikes upon their foot, but as soon as they passed the
Insurnnce and other scheme. strikers again  closed their ranks.'
That point of view, whatever Its Then the chief of police arrived'
merit, has a considerable proval. on tlie scene In an open automobile,,
ence among Canadian workers. It accompanied by half a dozen po-
Indlcates n divergence of Ideals lice to act as his bodyguard. He
which may have an Increasingly dis- seized a tear bomb and hurled it[
turbing effect upon the relations of Into a crowd of women and chll-
the Canadian nnd American mem- dreii, blinding them nnd causing
But   some of them to be trampled as the
to help If the  provincial  governments would also do something.
Most  of  the  provincial  govern-
   ments have taken the stand that, lf
ta* "had" decreased" "by" 23,455   ****   municipalities   are   unable   to
In 1924, when the miners'
stood at $7.50 per day,   the
had purchased 78,758 tons;
15, when the miners' wages had
-cut to $5.40, the C.P.R. 1"*'
it only 51,948 tons, a decrease IS-"-™1--""- employment, but not
necessarily employment with pay. If
the Immigrants do not want to work
where told—whether the farmers
or others want to pay them or not—
the government's responsibility to*
r;:i:rr::r.■:,.:.. British labor delegation
as It creates unemployment by subsidizing immigration.
The   new   immigration   scheme
¥ OSllOJi—Strong    trade    unions;
■^ primary   education;    co-opera**
  tive societies—these are the three
wards them ceases. It they engage essentials tor improving the lot ot
at any time during the five years In Indian workers, the Dundee Jute
any occupation other than farming workers' union delegation to India
or domestic Bervice, the govern- reports lit the Dally Herald. Tom
ment's guarantee no longer holds. Johnston, M.P., and John F. Sitae,
It Is a scheme to establish peonage  secretary Dundee Union of Jute and
chape'* proved Illuminating. Most
of thc British shores are held by
tanks or brokers.
Indian lute workers suffer all the
abuses which led Bombay cotton
mill workers to strike last September; all sorts of wage' reductions for lines, getting a job, ad-   bership of the Internationale,
for British Immigrants.
[ling with unemployment, Mr.
.hers    read a letter  from BoSSeS Advertise
__-! V-*-^-       The M W HW.
|ate of 25 cents per hour, with
Flax Workers, composod the British
Indian jnte workers make a little
over $60 a year, while their employers make about $500 a year profit
on euch worker—eight times the
worker's cost In wages.   Dividends
firing Arrested
By Boston Police
ITON-(FP)—Anton Bimba is
ullty of blasphemy but is
of sedition, Judge King ruled
ickton, assessing a $100 fine.
Is tree on appeal under $500
|e Stone Blackwell, a veteran
for freedom, said, "Blmba
|ie doea not believe ln the ex-
i of Ood.   I am sorry ho does
It Is In no sense a crime.
ivere some of our prominent
rich men would have to
was arrested on a statute
i now over 200 years old and
ered antiquated.   It ls a stat-
prohlbits blasphemy. It is
line statute that was used to
the witches and other per-
vho did  not believe  in  the
that was in control at the
statute was passed,
bacheusetts was so excited by
nba blasphemy case that this
c home  of free  speech  ar-
Scott Nearing on  a snow-
front of Paine Memorial
liained  for that speaker for
ThomaB  Paine.    Nearing
hrred from the hall for fear
letlng would be used to pro-
Ihe defense ot Blmba.
vanclni!, keeping the foreman
friendly, etc The Workers ure constantly In debt to money lenders
who charge up to 300 per cent,
yearly Interest. The British unionists report their amazement at seeing "that the authorities had
planted cheap alcohol and opium
shops   all   over   tlle   mill   area.'
that will depend upon whether these
new ventiires prove an aid or a
handicap to the Internationals ln
the acid test of tlle next Industrial
NBW   YORK—(FP)—Putting   tS	
work the wives and children of coal   of three Indian Jute mills were over Housing *8 horrible    two-thirds of
miners ln nonunion southern West   130 per cent. In 1924 and tho Kin- t|le worker8 iMng *„' ,„„,, aml -,„„.
Virginia ls the energetic ambition  anlBon mill made 160 per cent. This tm |luts    wlth thc eX(.eptlon of a
of   Bluefleld's   chamber   of   com-  mill made over 400 per cent. In 1920, (ew .,(oy mm sc|1QOi8" [|lcre Is no
inorce which inserts the following  and all  of the  Indian  jute  mills p,.etense of education ror workers'
want ad, ln the New York Times:— made fabulous war profits.   During c|,f|(ireI1.
the laBt ten years the average divl- Mmsion aml S|rac tr|ed to or-
dend  for all companlos  has  been ganlM wh|t(, nsa|8tnnt8 ,,. tIl0. mm
90 per cent. hut their meeting time was altered
English   capital   holds   stock   In without tbelr knowledge hy the hnll
theBO Indian mills, the Dundee In- owner alter consulting a  promln.
vostlgutors found.    In the dourer- ent mill owner.    The Bengal Jule
pore shareholders list lhe Item cf Workers'   Association   Is  the  only
3,405 shares held "for Maekay and organization    of   workers.    Indian
company,  Ltd,,  account  Lord  In- unions nro generally weult.
Capitalists Want
More Than 6 Pet.
RAVINIA,  III.,—(FPl—Chlcago's
commissioner    of
poisonous fumes burst upon them.
Other policemen threw more
bombs until a thick cloud of grey
smoke hovered above the strikers,
but oven that did not disperse them.
Flre hose was brought into use,:
hut as this did not have the desired'
effect the police resorted to their
clubs and billies. The son of the
chief hit a girl striker with such
force on the jaw that she fainted
ABLE IN Bluelleld, W. Vn.; splendid opportunity for hosiery, shirt,
overall, silk or other textile mill;
1095 federnl census gives city _„,-
086; not a single Industry employing women; less thnn _ per cent,
foreign horn; in hear) of south.
em West Virginia; iiiiii-unlon
territory; half mile nbove sen
level; conl, .healthful sum mors
Insure labor efficiency nil year,
adjoining Pocahontas conl lipids,
producing world's finest' stenm
cent; excellent transportation facilities; unlimited electric power
at low rates; fast-growing, pro.
gresslve community, city-manager
government. Address Chamber of
Commerce, Bluelleld, W. Va,
Shearing tke Sheep
Ford's Plunder in Canada Totals Seventy-five
Million Dollars in Twenty Years
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
ITH AM^oy./N. J.—(FP)—
[ workers were hurt when an
i of chemicals wrecked the
inltiif"lilarit' 2 W'Roessler &
hcher Chemical Co.
The Labor Advocate welcomes short article of general
interest; but with the exception of
thc series "The Week at Ottawn"
by Afr. Woodsworth, no contri*
button exceeding 1.000 words
will bc accepted for publication.
•.Other considerations being equal
shorter items wilt receive preference.'1' Letters to the Editor must
not exceed 250 words. AU contributions must reach thc Editor
not" later than Tuesday noon, of
tht week of publication.
MONTREAL.—Along with a now
campaign to attract Immigrants
to Canada, tho employing class is
proclaiming the need of reducing
the cost of production in order that
Canadian products may find a larger market abroad. I
An   interesting   commentary   on
the contention that cheaper  lalior
vestment, and the only Investment
ever made outside of profits Ml in
the business, was the modest sum
of $125,000.'' But, despite' paying
the highest wages, the Ford Canadian company hus paid Ha shareholders stock dividends of $6,875,000,
aud cash dividends of $27,900,000.
Last year It paid cash dividends
public    welfare  and had to be taken to    hospital.
Mary McDowell, lifted the curtain   Another girl was beaten and her,'
on the social conscience of the city's   ]ietu] broken,
money masters in a talk at Ravinla (Continued on Page 2)
devoted to an exposition of her de- '
partincnt's work.   Having lived as    .
u settlement worker back of the AftCwflt MefllOnGS
.stockyards for 30 years she has
tolled to improve housing conditions fcr tho families that draw
starvation wages from Armour,
Swift and the other packinghouse
millionaires. When the project for
a model tenement began to tako
shape she interested a number of
wealthy mon who promised to put
money into it.
"We can promise you six per
cent, on the investment," she told
one who was willing to risk $5,000.
"Six per cent, proflt, Miss Mc-
Dowoll,'' he retorted, "means that
I am doing this as philanthropy not
as Iiuslness." But he did not withdraw his pledge.
Tlierd aro from 30,000 to 70,000
persona without shelter ln Chicago,
varying with the season, she told
her rudlcnce.
Is necessary to progress is supplied   0f moro tImn $5,000,000, equivalent
by the remarkable story of the Ford
company of Canada, as told by W.
R Raney, who was the altornoy-
genoral in tlie former Partner-Labor
government of Ontario.
to nearly 5,000 per cent, on Its
original stock. But that is 'only A
part of a story that rivals tlie tale
of Aladdin aud thc magic lamp. In
addition to vast dividends, this com-
The Ford company of .Canada was pany hss developed'assets fn Can-
started In. 1904' on- a shoe- string, ada of more than $40,000,000, all out
says Mr. Raney.   "The original in-   of Its amazing stream of profits.
Readers arc reminded that the
publication of this paper is to a
considerable extent made possible
hit the firms which advertise in it.
When making purchases please.patronize firms advertising in this
paper, and tell X!«m why. Ry doing so YOU wil\he assisting us
.in our work of disseminating Labor news, and creating a better
understanding of working class
problems. YOUR aid in this
matter will bc appreciated.
Disturb Congress
Ilou.se chnmber, during debate on
tlio railroad bill, has hovered tbo
ghost of Grover Cleveland, irho
sont Gen. Miles with federal troops
to Chicago ln 1894 to break tho
strike of the American Hallway
Qlanton of Texas, hostile to all
measures favored* by organized labor, Invoked the name of Cleveland
ln an appeal to Southern Democrats to stand for compulsory arbitration. McLaughlin of Michigan,
anxious lest ho have a part In giving moro liberty to wage workers,
begged Ills fellow Republicans to
consider tbo need for empowering
some future Cleveland to over-ride
some future Governor Altgeld. on
this Issue. After tbe passage of
thirty-two years, tlle class feeling
aroused by that strike led by 'Gene
Debs had not been Calmed In the
hearts of theso conservatives. They
hated the memory of Altgeld, who
told President Cleveland that the
State of Illinois would take care of
Its own Industrial disputes—boT
cause Altgelfl 'sympathized'with thb
strikers and knew that' they were
the victims i)f,',jj|'..lying propaganda
In tbe anti-lanar'tiress. Page Two
86R J_
March llth,
%. ffi—■•*■■•—.jji*mi.jj_ 1
i -*-* Ul- _\ -''^->    ■■<■'■■    *■<''•'     x'xi.     'a ' •'''''   rV' ~-— -
Address  All Letters   and
Remittances to the Editor
the eattadmti tabor
! Hold,*,, Building. 18 lln.tliiKi. St. H„ Vancouver. B.C.
I2.00   PER   TBJA1
Hume, Ser. 2132
The Labor Press and the Labor Movement
_  mistake,
at Blairrnore.
The Editor.
Union Directory
*  opinions exprimdjnjhis space._
*Y*\*.       A CORRECTION ■	
dialing with the school teachers strike T\^*^ of the peculiar illusions which capitalist society has suc-
et Bieirmore, Alta.. we inods/ertemiy *■'■ ceeded in implanting in the minds of the workers is that
used the word Drumheller.    This was _..,.. ,       .     ,. ....      , ,,,
The incident took place those who do not work, who live a.life of idleness, are something superior tbtiio?4wfy> feed, clothe, and house the inhabitants of the world." It has set ilselessness as the summit of
human achievement, and usefulness as the lowest depth to
which man can sink. In this mfinnei: it has implanted in the
t i minds of the workers a feeling Qf inferiority, causing them to     <j«h),, and HUMAN LABOR
allied printing TRAD*;* cois. bow and scrape to the debauched plunderers who rob them  Editor, Canadian Labor Advocate:
-S!.,_7"'p,VM'rB;.'' T'iV ww& da''y' a"d to feel nonored K »iven an opportunity to meet their     in your note to my letter (pub- s[mmu m _Q s__ u m woruo
smeMssry, b. H. «i..i«nd*,, p.o. no* rulers On equal terms.                                                                        --81-**1 m your issue ot February 19             - Q A Brown,6 .^ Jn m  that the Oriental workers In
5  .  _        , ,,      ,..,,.-'.,     T   i .■   (,..     ,     you say: "... we presume our friend • n* r. _,„__ . ... ■_
federated LABOB party _ One of the chief duties of the Labor press should be to meanB money ,n Wb _a__ ln it8
mSsVs- is"-**'. i.T*-tUwl*: eradicate this inferiority complex, build up a spirit of self- _old form. al^d goid, a8 a medium
rtLVm.»ri*"'HK%iorHM"'«^c"'".l"; reliance, and impress it on the workers' minds that not only is 0t exchange,   represents nothing
—    —.-  .... .._.'.— *_,_, _   -    . .        . . ....,_  —_._,_ i__ i—____.     i_r_.._. n    _..* ..„,,_,,,ii_.
are doing- at present in Vaat
In my humble opinion It wo
better to either expel our old
try wrortaei-t.lr.om these cities
Gur Open III   are (tesrtridiirit-rof —tr—- who
l-orum.      UKwiran "">"•"■ ■■»■  •»""•-.,---, -----    No ?!£'*    L «* •*> '"""Ml tl* "Lan* otl
will be censored so Ion) as wriieh retrain from wdulging. m personalities^ UT p _^. ^,, •   &/*££* ^
The management o, ,he ADVOCATE assume,   oo   mm-M* l«\f ^  ^SSffs'-t
Japs audi Chinese en block tc
j,. liomee,   Their places* could tl
H. W. \. RETURNS TO THE FRAU   taken by raor. Imm,grant8 f„
Editor,    Labor    Advocate:   - I  old, countr-'' " ttat '" "«•»•>■■
should like to say a few words In      In «"«»™t°» ' ***°***** *»*■«
Our Open $orum
Readers are invited to send letters for publication m
Forum.''    Communications should not exceedt-250  words.
J^F^lB^^^'^EweiKi- Jack ^ Sood as his master, but a whole lot better.   When a hut crystaiUed human lator."
fence necretury,
lrtrfet   lit   Brituin   	
Informntion    re    necnrlns
loy  I
Brill*h   Columbia
Labor paper bases its teachings on the philosophical tenets of
capitalism it defeats the purpose of its own existence.
*jiii?SY iwrniS^ eve^ throw off the inhibitions of class society, and rid themselves  gold is only partly the result ot hu
'    ."no**,    *orn-*lr Anil    tho    nvnnf   Of   til,
You are mistaken In thinking that
 ik   information   re   necurinc  capitalism it defeats tne purpose 01 lis own existence. 'S"w> ** a  medium  ot exchange,
SISSSKa        That the Labor press in Canada still clings to capitalistic %£%*?* TSSS*
WmftrmTiirS creeds is evident to any thinking person who peruses the Labor reBelU9 „„„,„„ work, m ■*, ALa0
... napei-s nnhlished in this country   T'-~" *— ' K"°" °K''" fn   '—'  ""■-■•■»■»   '—
id onplc. v   nnH riH thfims*alves   gold is oniy i
man work. And the proof of the
fact that it represents something
more wben used as a "medium of
exchange" is that we can use it to
"buy" virgin land.
You say: 'The one real remedy Is
the seizure of political power ty the
workers, and the abolition of the
present social system."
But,   bow  abolish   that  system?
B. Ci cities are not very com
with our unions, whatever tit
In their own countries, I
rarely see any of them at; »
meeting. They appear to I
busy making money out of the
R. V.
...JleetM     Mrcond    Thursday     every -..--..   —	
\n^^-JS^TSSS- £"£ of capitalism's tramelling influences,
as—Meet. a»t ana third Friday* llton, Ont., we find the Editor taking issue with certain trade
hi the month at 1*15 Hnstlnaa W.. at ... ,      , , .....-, „. ,
i»._.. .president, r. K. Hrown, 2527 unionists who have been criticizing Tom Moore because he
M«?ri»n!,ii__'!ri'a?ke_<rst*.",1"r'  '"" "addresses service clubs, and visits Europe" to attend the
mi._ic_a_i' mutual MioTEcTivE International Labor Conference at Geneva.   ~"   "'" i_
UNION, Loeal US, A. F. ol «. —
Meets In (I.W.V.A. Hall. Seymoar nnd
Fender   Streeta,   aecond   Sunday   nt
10 a.m.    PreMldent. K. C. Miller. 901 t.ws   rt-itsuiis  idunui  -ilouu   ■xiu,.....,,   vuv   .—   ..    —_____
j.mY.Mn.VSt'ei.rnTt'r".; «n.«eiM when he asserts that: "Canadian trades unionists are proud of -r^'tSl S'The"fundamental
*" '""  ""' """" " :J—* ""—" ""A "tl,°- "*TiViala in tho movement who have   evil in it cannot be abolished wlth-
....  „.  The Editor wast _s
but few words on why Moore should go to Europe (probably
the reasons cannot stand scrutiny), but he waxes eloquent
"Advocate" of February 19th,
He asks: "Would the unemployed
not welcome a four.hour working
day. . . . etc?'' Yest Decidedly
they would, but this will never be
obtained until the workers are the
ruling power.
I am ill favor of educating the
workers to as high a standard as '
possible. I think that more of NEW YORK-(FP) - All
their lime should te devoted to 26.000 men are busy shovelins
reading Instructive papers. If this ttom New York streets, next
was done we would see more people s'°rins wll see more macjilni
voting Lai or at the polls. '■»*•"• -**•>** °n the job*   The
„,, ,     ,        _   „    .-   ,       loudlng machines which UU e
The worker Is gradually develop-        , *   „    , .   "
, , . .     . „ ., . ,  truck In 3 minutes by end ess
ing In'.o a state of listless mental   , , ' ■
anaesthesia,     which     has     been   '» Paving such a success tb
brought on by long hours at hard  "*??* USed W'" "e lnc
,*, , .,   ,   ._       to 100 by next season.   Crosi
manual labor, consequently he does    ,*■■■'<■
,,,,.,. „ ,    cleaners and snow plows are
not take kindly to reading, espeel- F
ally of n serious nature.
     .„„„ _..„i', niTnaciM wnen ne aisaeiis uitii*.   u.i»u,.u *.*,*««,   r         „,_ u,v,  ,_  ,„IU  ,,„.	
nn 's"jitr'o«a*«"!*!"f?' Fi.tcto. President Moore and other officials in the movement who have evii in it cannot be abolished with
Mil Nelaon Street        '   ....     .      __ __-_._ j, rt„„n„*„_j T.oKrw    nut   tho   wnrkers   first   eettlne   tt
ri__IUCHL   fl^HHV   H1IU   wv..*_.     w.. ...       -
***■  the ability and faculty to present the case of organized Labor out the workers first getting to
-;»M?»"rii_in**^?£_?__.s' to the many thousands of members of Canadian, Rotary. '»"y r«Mi" ">« their work is
iwion  of  CAi.Ai.A-H.ndw._-   „.        .     ^ '    ^     _. _.,,___._ „„„._,*,.(..„_,.„ all that they can exchange, and that
ANADA—H.ndqil.r-     "-*    ""-    " ■*-     ™     --
"""""HaStinitirstr'e'ef'Sl. K'wams> Lions Clubs and other service organizations."
SSS_J,',R.'Sirt vhom, vfe"e--pS Canadian workers should be proud that their elected repre- whlch they con _(lllate all varletle_
Iw  wm.d ffid_™.8"'vu*to"_ sentative has the ability to address the Canadian Club!   Why ot it.   And, that an present me-
^**'1Vtr*0t'",vlc,torln,irBec    "ton De Proud °f the ability to speak to that gang any more than be dlums transfer (erroneously called
JwSI       "* '     c " "•    • '        ° • proud of the ability t0 apeafc t0 a body 0f ditch diggers.    It is mediums of exchange) are based on
TLPOURAl-HlCAl. union.  No.  226 "                            .   .,   t_s_...-^._   „„j ,.,v„, K„ „»„„rt nf the  fallacious  belief that  we can
• —Preaident, H. P. pettlplece, vlee-
•roeldent, O. F. Camphelll aeeretary
trea.urer. II. H.  Neelanda,  P.O.  Boi
Mnta   lut   landay    ot   ---1
rath at a p.m. nl Holden Bulldlns.
Haatlma St. E.
' AL UNION, No. <tl!l—Preaident. 9.
IK   Maedonaldt     aecretary-treaanrer,
LM. CampSrll, P.O. Box OSS. Meeta
t Thnradaj* of each month.
proud of the ability to speaK to a Doay ox uucii uikkcis.   .. .=
natural for man to speak his thoughts, and why be proud of ,he, fallad0U81 tal" th,t"' mnt
,.,.„-,,,.,     _.,.        . :.     .          , . exchange goods.   And so, they put
doing a natural thing?   Clearly, the Editor of the journal in a prlce on priTnegeBi
question regards the morons, wastrels, robbers, and "won't- Wi,6n ail workers see that clear-
works" who grace that organization, as being superior to those iy, no government will bo able to
************^^^^^i*************. enslave them.
Phoenix, Arizona.
who perform useful work for a daily wage.
It is sentiments such as this that retards the forward
march of organized Labor, and keeps the workers submissive
and loya' to the plunderers who rule them, and get fat by so
 l-_Z__--^-:J~ doing.  Tb_ Labor movement cannot afford t» "ring itself ^ ^ ^ -^ ^ ^ ^
■    p'_-iiii»:ri__ by swallowing the philosophy of capitalism, while maKing a wry cover that gM ,. not .,partly the
Dr. TOTTEN CURE> face at its unSavory garnishments. *-**** »' *■*•«*<**- *>ort*" l'* ">c' "
...—— is not the reBult of human effort at
Why   not  organize   more   public
meetings and open forums (In the
_unimer tbey could be held in the
, „ „      .»...».    ,.,..„..   .     open air. as ln Hydo Park, London)
fully realize tnat tneir  wukii is    *  ■        ,. ,     ,_,-,,■    ,
,,.,.., .i      .    .i .*._.   wb'ch could le made Interesting by
all that they can exchange, and thnt. .       ,
..    .     .,      ,    ... ,.,.    , „   humorous nnd popular speakers In.
Its duration  Is the  one  thing  ly ._,.,,,,.
terested in the social welfare and
general advancement ot the workers? By these meetings the workers would realize that the solution
ot Iheir difficulties rests In their
own hands..
Mr. Brown suggests that I speak
In a contempt!! le way of our Oriental fellow workers. What I
meant was why should these excellent workers be allowed to take the
bread out ot our own mouth as they
mechanical devices which tal
from the many migratory w
who drift Into New York an
and wait for snow to give
winter employment.
Vancouver Turkish Bt
Will   Cure   Your   Rbeuma
Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad
744 Hast St- W. Phone Sey
Hand Made Loggers' u
Seamen's Beet*:
136 L0N8D__I_E A.VB.
NO, VANCOUVfiR   Phone
EDITOR'S NOTE:—It our friend*
OF PILES Putting the Strangle-Hold on the Farmer
      * . UP>       at TIMES the daily press is quite open and frank m discuss-
"I wish I could
tell everyone who Is
suffering with piles
ttow easy it is to
obtain complete
freedom by the
treatment paidloss-
Hy given by Dr.
Totten and how
heedless lt ls to
continue to suffer.
I suffered for years
'and tried everything
In vain, short of an
^ttlUWTC,       .'.v-h.v.w.         ....        	
beautifully effective. Since my cure
1 have gained greatly In weight
and my friends say in appearance.
Treatments are given without inconvenience or Iobs of time.
,    "912 Hornby Street. Sey. 69I7H."
Dr. Totten's Clinic Is at 1315 Oar'
Is not the result of human effort at
all. Man did not "partly" create
It out of nothing, in the manner
that the god of the Christians Is
alleged to have created this mundane sphere.
;'  Our original statement still holds
good.   "Oold, as a medium of ex-
represents    nothing   but
ing the interests of those who own this Canada of "ours,'
with its "wide open spaces," which contain no roofs to cover
the heads of the unemployed.
In a recent issue of the "Province" we are told that a large cllan*5c
consignment of Russians are being taken to Canada to be fft'''Mhd '""T labor. „
,        . _,___.       " •____,_ ii. •„•      ,.u _   Drokaw  has  not  even  challenged
placed on farms, and lest there nnght be some suspicion that that statement, because it is a mere
these people were tainted with Bolshevik ideas we are assured sophistry to say that it "also rep-
that they are "refugees from the tyranny and oppression of resents natural resources."    Gold,
the Bolsheviks, and look upon Canada as a land of hope and like a" other material things, has
salvation."   In other words they are White Guards, the scum n" v,a,ue 1until lmman labor lB **■■■
■»_*._...... „.-.„._,__„   _____,.. _ ■__    _ . . ,__._. • e  __.     j _ I"'**"' to It. and when man trans-
ln vain, short'of an  ™™ of the bourgeoisie, and the off-scounngs of the degenerate (orm8 it (rom lt8 mvml mmim
operation.   Dr. Totten's method is aristocracy of Old Russia, who fled the land of their birth into the form of a coin It represents
painless,   bloodless,   certain   and      __.__.,*, .........
heautlfhliy effective. Since my cure rath«r than go to work. lust that much human labor.   Hu-
Discussing whether it is better to import this breed of n*nn labor creates all values, gold
cattle or put soma of the Canadian unemployed on the land we lnclU(leU-   when a *B *0l« p'8---* 1b
are further informed that the former are preferable, because ^iT^t ZnTs s"o
"they would be happy and contented with but a little, whereas nm(.h .inatul-ni resources," but as
the average Canadian, accustomed as he is to a higher stan- the embodiment of so much human
datd of living, would want a better life; nor would he save his energy.   That we can 'buy virgin
money, and live frugally, in order to acquire more land." ■**««" wlth ■* Prove» ■""■•"'« moi,e T.
Dr. Totten's enme is at i_i_ uar*        Nothing could be plainer or more outspoken.   These peo- "^•ZiTnuu" witVTte"" ""' J
Hero street .v/s blocks south of p)e are being brought here, and provided with houses in order ° H8„e_. U^tl wwk?  According 1
Davie).   Trite No. Z or No. 6 Car t0;further reduce the living standards Of the prairie farmers,   to "Webster" work Is "the exertion '
Ui  __)__, VI __   &Du  IJAr_l__l°Q
That is if they stay on the land.  If they get frozen out; hailed* at strength for the accomplishment J
 '■  out; or scorched out, and drift to the cities, which, in all prob- ot something.  Physical or inteilec- »
thu, CANALS/ ability is what will happen, they will be used to slash down the tual.9ff"rt;  T„°" ' ' ' "  In fer',
thb Canadian 7. .       ,     ,    ,     , _,    *  j    . ■ i        i umt.        *n u words lt   s the agony we endure !
If _.<*_-%*.    f_l\sU*.e.«t*<. living standards of the industrial workers. "They will be con- wWe M *£ _.,_.,,       '
ILA-QOr   /CtOOuttUf tented with a little," but Canadian workers "want a better la „ot a cmmXf 8llllslance t|,at J
with Which i> incorporated .   life*"  Canadian workers chafe under and kick against the tolls can be seized by the hands   and {
the  bbitiih colvmbia FBB- of the mortgage and implement companies, but the new comers thrown at a storekeeper any time J
EBATiowtaT  will be gtad. t0 acc8pt that condition> ao bring on the gCum of w« ""»■'"•■' <■ »«* ■■•** of ** M* of \
(•i-blwhbb bvbbv THrBWAy   0ld Russia, and their faithful lackeys!   Bring on the whole T,™1"' ,     .,     , „   !
*r the Lahor i-uHLhi., c».        " ... , .... .        ,     .    „       ....        The exchange of goods ls not "a .
^~i^i.«i71.d^dit.ri.1 owe.      40-000 of them who are   de3lrous of c<"n>«K to Canada," de- tellacl0HS lelle,,.,   0v early an.,
•u HeMea Bite., lt H.ktin,. st. e. flate the farmers and industrial workers, and inflate the bank-
*W Caaadlaa Lahor Advocate _, .
■loli-facttMat toeenlr neWKpaper,
■rivia*.   »e*.  of  the   themer-iohot*
&_, *..,*..
Phone Sey. 2854 for AppolntBeat
1\0CT0RS are now recognising' the relationahip between dl
1/ eased teeth and bad health.
Evi-ry week or two some physician sands me. a patient,
have his teeth attended to, and In the majority of cases the do
tor's suspicions are confirmed, and the health Improves when t)
Dental needs have been  supplied.
< This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, al
this ln turn depends on mastication.
DR. CURRY combines Long Experience with most Up-t
date Methods.
We have a big
Special on this
A Flannel Khaki SI
tot 91.:
Worth   $2.00.     Bo
get one.
wveneat in m___________.^^^^^^^^^_
■■hacrl£Hn~l<Ut«n    Ville*  Statei
I f.relea, —** pet ■""-■   - r
to  Uhl'
rear, <:«_•-
fallacious I ellef. ^^^^^^^^^
it, B.  Ilate tne larmera miu iiiuuD...... ..V....W-, „..„        l<]| 'stoi-B  loitered   one  article   for*
to a  ing accounts of the farm implement companies and the C.P.R.!   another before money appeared on i
!.'&        Such is* the policy of both Mackenzie King, and Meighen. tlle  scene|   aI"1  if *e ralBt1ah' •
_,. u__t_.   .  *, i       ...    j    •    l*i*i '   tt' •    ■      •      •      ,    not our friend can, today, go Into '
They awbWlt unitwlomthe desirability, of increasing unmi, cert_ln coumry „t_trlct8 £ „„„ J
gration. On this question their only complaiht is charging ■,„fl,erB exchanging hens eggs tor 5
each other with being dilatory in increasing the human flow tea and sugar. J
towards these sl»oWs. ' Ci^itaHsm's servitors tose no oppor- No, the abolition ot capitalism j
tuHMie» of promoting th* inter§g4 of those tbey represent re***-*re* *<>*»***■•*** ""«■ ■*» <* J
The Mbo* maVAment: wouMd-j w«ll, in thi»c_jvMt, to borrow '^^J^_\_^ Sti-*^ '
a page from their note book. y0lrr Mr-.. 5
Solid Leather
Work Boots
Special   CQ QC   S»«
^Repeat ordera is the* thing we
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ most in regard: to our bostnes
That means satisfied customers. If you'll give ua, the* op|
tunlty to show you our values, you too will! joint the ranki
those who bay regularly from us.
A full line of WOMEN'S, QItLPRE^
KiWer's Sbo^ ^ore
(The Best tor Leas)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (AJnwit Ogp. the Ubra aursday, March llth, 1920
Page Thrte
.assified ads.   Snaring Immigrants
_ niniiiumDuu . ******* ******
, BIRD 8 LEFEAUX. 401 Met-
Jlpolitan Bldg.
Pacific Bldg., 744 Hutingi St. W,
IK1NS 8 ELLIOTT, 800 Pender
W.   The bnt makes of bicycles
Lwsy terms.
PARVEY, 58 Cordova St. West.
federal house at Ottawa. One of
the membera read the following advertisement from an old country
"Three pounds to Canada.   Guaranteed employment by the Cana.
Europe Scoured for Workers.While Canadian -um government. Apply to r. wood
By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.
Jobless Are Forgotten
This is lhi Foreword and opening chapter ot a pamphlet, written hy
J. S. Woodsworth', Labor M.V. for Winnipeg North Centre, to be
published as a series by the LABOR ADVOCATE before'issuing it in
"pamphlet form.
and Company, shipping agents,
Broad Street, Hereford."
Where Are the Jobs!
Just what procedure the government proposes to adopt ln order to
guarantee thla employment Is not
exactly known.   But the statement
eure'tor' tta"^'^^^^^ th*7n7n_7thr.rwere thr'ee"and °' f' Hon; P""les *"""""'' aot"1B friends of former years, many of whom have been entirely mis-
minister of immigration, might ex-   -   - ------
(By John Pickenshovel)
I ItINt; the last month wo have do not need to leave the British
been told repeatedly tn one of   Isles for It.   If lt Is true as stated
the local newspapers that the only   recently In the Glasgow "Forward,"
-THREE reasons have led me to publish the accompanying
documents:—(a) I should like to set myself right with
WRE CAFE, 76 Hastings St.
. A. McMILLAN, Palmer Grad-
Open daily and evenings,
13    Hastings   Street   West,   cor.
fanville Street.   Phone Sey. 6954.
. CURRY, 301 Dominion
dova and Carrall.
Kings St. E.
LTD.,  48
taxing,  Silvering,  fovilling
|ova St. W., lew doors west of
dward's.    Sey. 8687.    Wholc-
I retail window glass.
Irandview Hospital — Medical.
icai, maternity. 1090 Victoria
High. 137.	
[BRUMMITT,  18-20 Cordova
[BRUCE,   LTD..   Homer   and
lings Streets.
, BRUMMITT,  18-20 Cordova
JNS REPAIRED, Bows Repair-
Columbia records, needles,
nophones repaired. Bagpipe
Is and supplies. Will Edmunds
■sic Store, 965 Robson St. Sey.
flings West.
|_ORY 8 REID.   117    Hastings
»t East.
land settlement. We have had depleted for us, the vast Idle wastes
that abound in our midst, and within the reach of any of us who care
to have lt for the taking.
Coincidently with this, there has
been propaganda to the same effect
circulated ln the old land. The
workers over there are also being
told of the green pastures that
abound In this country. This propaganda haa been turned loose among
tbo depressed workers of Britain
for years, and Is being carried on
with greater force this year.
This for the most part has been
carried on by transportation companies and the Canadian government. The motive is not far to
seek, for as the companies derive
profits from this Influx they must
of necessity advertise the country
to which they desire these people
to como.
Propaganda In Europe
We have been frequently
told that Canada needs population
and many have already come on* the
strength of that assertion. During
the last five years the total Immigration to Canada was 671,000, which
Indicates the vigor with which that
assertion has been Impressed on the
minds of the people of Europe. But
It also happens, due largely to unemployment, something like 636,000
Canadians, during the same period,
left for the I'.lited States.
Contact with actual conditions ln
Canada have changed somewhat the
opinions of those who have come
with the result that they have not
reported very favorably on them
to their friends in the old land. For
that reason largely, there was a reduction in immigration last year.
a halt million acres of deer forests In Scotland alone, surely
Scotchmen do not have to leave that
country to find land. If that acreage was divided Into fifty-acre
farms, there would be enough to
accommodate 70,000 families, more
than the total immigration to Canada last year.
Idle Land In England
Then again, ih one corner of
England alone thore is a district
comprising four hundred square
miles of land in a natural state. If
the same was divided Into fifty-
acre sections, it would provide
farms for 6,120 families. Yet It Ib
contemplated to bring 6,000 families
to Canada this spring when as a
matter of faet they could be settled
In one corner of England alone. It
an inventory was made of the idle
., ,__ _„„, ,_„,,_ mo_       ,„ „_. informed as to my course of action; (b) I would gladly be of
plain how these men are to get ... ...... ' .? .
thet. jobs. He stys;— some he,P to my fr-tends 0f the younger generation some of
"Through the employment offices, whom are passing through struggles similar to my own; (c) I
the federal and provincial govern- venture to hope that a study of my experience may serve to
ments are keeping a close check to indicate even to the socially unawakened the forces that are
see ^hat If there Is the labor avail- operating in modern Kfc.
able ln Canada, that labor will get t q w
the first chance." , J.B.W.
Hi did not say how the rest ot us House of Commons, Ottawa, Ontario,
Willi fare under that arrangement.  February, 1926.
If the newcomers are to have the —————
first chance of obtaining work, the
chances wlll not be very rosy for
those of us who have been here for
Doles In Canndn
According to the minister Just re-
land In Great Britain and the same , ,    ,   ,    ...    ,   ,, ,,    ,
,      .   ., ,_*,_,,__   mast be hnd of the Individual com,
given to the unemployed, It is doubt-   ,„_. »„„,,.„  „.„   -_„„.„,„._   „,  „,.
ful If there need be another emigrant leave Its shores for the next
ten years.   ■
Get Away From Deles
The condition of their unemployment is played upon as an inducement to come here. They are told to
get away from doles. The writer Is
not in possession of the actual unemployment figures for Great Britain, it appears to represent a considerable amount. It the unemployment Is aB bad as claimed, will
someone be good enough to explain
the action of the British Home
Secretary   during   the   first   nine
PARLY in 1916 I was appointed Director of the Bureau of
Social   Research   for   the   Governments   of   Manitoba,
Saskatchewan and Alberta. As the World War continued, the
ferred to, the agreement with the position of those opposed to war became more difficult. When
overseas Settlement Board stipu- the registration scheme was brought forward, the duty of tak-
lates that the federal government   . .,.      ,      , , ,"   ■     _ _   .s.    _• >,     ,      t __
must   "guarantee   to   provide   six  m« ** Publlc stand became clear-    l wrote the following letter
to The Manitoba Free Press which was published in the issue
of December 28th, 1916:—
"To the Editor of The Free Press.
"Yesterday morning there came to me, a circular letter
pounds  and  employment
ing under the provisions of the
agreement for a period ot five
In, other words they will give ,   ,    .         , .      _,_*,,*      , _.      ■           ■_._.-
"doifs" to the unemployed they asking my help in making the National Service registration
bring here under that scheme, but scheme a success.  As I am opposed to that scheme, it would
not to those already here. Ac- seem my duty as a citizen to state that opposition and the
cording to that, in order to obtain grinds on which it is based.  For this end I would ask the
aZZT-T-^-ZSZ cour.tesy.of your columns in presenting the fo,lowing con8id"
to pursue, If they have the price, la erations.
to go back to the old country and '(1) The citizens of Canada have been given no opportun-
get shipped back again under that ity of expressing themselves with regard to the far-reaching
agreement. principle involved in this matter.
A conspiracy to Cut Wages «(2) since 'life is more than meat, and the body more than
From this it is easy to discern the raiment,' conscription of material possessions should in all
months of last year in giving per.  ^**<lw Pretentions associated with .    y               d      attempt to force me„ to risk their llveg and
mission for 316,616 a.ien. to enter   XltnTUa. ZZTnl he welL of their families.
--nT^ZZ^'Z £ feSTlE: S "(8) It is not at all clear who is to decide whefter or not
spring, possibly aggregating 20,000 *mtUe*t0 a conspiracy to flood the a man's present work is of national importance.  It is stated
perBon's.   can it be possible that labor market °f Callaaa- To the aI- that the brewery workers in England are exempt. What guar-
The number of immigrants coming «»» 20'°°° Bri«8h°» "™ *■» I„T™kVsTthis "country "C antee have we that Canadian decisfons will ^anymore sound,
,_ .._„_*„ foe ,h_ ve»e „„dl__* Sen-   dr,Ven °Ut *° """"' *■*<*<"> '<" S16'«16     'tend  _o7dd more   aTlrt,',-Z 8nd Wh° 0re th<! memberS °f the h0*Vei ■*«* deC,deS th<! Italians*   It certainly looks that way.    ^ "j£ ™a' a»<- a™ «-«l tion rf guch importance to the individual.
_«^_S_2_^Er:::r M How  is  registration  o<  subseoueht  conscription,
of between 26 to 40 acres are be- tab"Bl1 ***** toIce *** a me****" °' physical or moral, to be enforced?  Is intimidation to be used?
ing allotted to them.  They are be- lower,1-e* *he standard of living for i8 black listing to be employed?  What other method?
the Canadian worker.   The prom- <Ig this measure to be equally enforced across the country ?
Z-J-ZZ^-^jx f- °™*>» ^^ °r ™°n*the Menn?ites in *■»*?•»
to those already brought here, only "™* registration is no more census.  It seems to look in
with a greater degree ot deception, the direction of a measure of conscription.   As some of us
The federal government is itself t00Is and seed7andwnibe"given __ P-"-r<-nt<led employment and land cannot conscientiously engage in military service, we are bound
to Canada for the year ending Sep
lember 30th, 1024, was 139,441, while
the number for last year, was 88,238,
a reduction of 66,296. It is also
noteworthy that while that number
came, 100,895 Canadians were compelled to leave for the United States
in search for employment during
the same period.
Single _m Coming
Ing loaned $1600 for stock and are
also being provided with homes as
an inducement, the cost of which
will be a charge against the land.
They  will  also be  provided  With
AND       p
bscribe to the Canadian Labor
Kgte and help us In ourr work.
years to pay for it at Uve per cent. *"roa**aei tor settlement ls their to resjst what—if the war continues—will inevitably lead to
interest.   A reduction in transpor-  """n stock ln tralle' a"» *-■*•*** *"> forCed Service
are very much mistaken, the effect IOTCe0 SCTV1Ce- ...       ..  ,„,  _   WAnnownDrTO
on the newcomers will be no differ- (Signed) "J. S. WOODSWORTH.
ent Irom that which is the lot of "Winnipeg, December 22nd."
aware that the cities are crowded
with unemployed, and while they
are not urging artlaans. as such to
immigrate, they are urging them
to'come under the guise of prospective farmers. It appears to be
very much Interested In relieving
Britain ot Us unemployed, but Ih
taking no steps to place Its own unemployed on Idle land. We are led
to believe that most of the prospective settlers are to be families
as they will be more inclined to
stay on the land. But according
to press dispatches, Included among  „,iniBter 0f lands at Victoria asking  --"'on-   W'Bat '' wl" create Ib a
tatlon Ib also offered them as a bait,
and lt appears that many are going
to avail themselves of the opportunity.
Our Politicians
But while the government Is thus
interested ln placing the British unemployed on Idle Canadian lands,
It ls not so enthusiastic about placing the Canadian unemployed on
such landB.   A certain young man
Canadian workers today. Within a day or two I was summoned to the off ice of my
Land settlement as an ideal has Minister. My letter was produced—had been discussed by the
1..U91. to commend it, and there are Cabinet_much adverse public criticism-a chance to "be
many of us who would welcome it
as a means of extending our scope
of existence under the present sys-
good" which meant to "Keep quiet" which I refused—then in
a few days a notification to complete some reports and close
tem. But such a policy as at pres. the Bureau within a month.
ent practiced by the Canadian gov-        The work of years ended abruptly.   It was bitterly de-
m Vancouver recently wrote to the "T""','!;"1." _■ c™fte 8Uch a 00n" nounced. My closest associates said I was a fool.
...   r!l,!_n Who.     It     will     ......     I.     . "
those booked are 270 single men,
and this In spite of the fact that
there are thousands ot single men
at present Idle ln Canadian cities.
If the workers of Britain need
land tor settlement, they certainly
population of floating workers and Nille J™1*8 haVe paSSed>   NoW Mr' Arthur Mei*hen '""•
if allowed to continue will in a down certain principles upon which Canada should proceed in
short period of time convert what the event of the British Empire becoming involved in war.
might otherwise be a virile people "I believe it would be best not only that Parliament should be
into a mass of wreckage.
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! "Sleepy Time Gal" New Hits played by Ben Berniea
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many others now on sale—76c—play on any phonograph
IE KENT PIANO COMPANY, 339 Hastings St. W.
itOSS-WIGHTMAN COMPANY, 846 Granville Street
The Pacific Drama
for some land, but got nowhere on
this respect. He undertook that If
tractive offer to the government ln
this respect. He undertook that If
tlie Department of Lands would sell
him ten acres, ln the Fraser Valley, payment to be spread over ten
years, and would loan him r sufficient amount to build himself a temporary home and to purchase tools
and seed, he would pay as high aB
$100 per acre, and would pay not
6 per cent, as charged the new Im- .U\M*2 Pacific Drama'' was the
migrants, but 10 per cent. Interest on subject of a lecture given by
the total amount.    His desire to Mr. Kobe at the meeting of the In-
thus obtain some land for settle- ternatlonal Club held on Feb. 27.
ment purposes was met with a flat     The speaker Introduced his Buh-
refusal.    Meanwhile  he  Is  unem. jecb by a summary of Japan's ln-   .._ „..   	
ployed in Vancouver with thousands ternatlonal relations aince the open- strong Asiatic Bloc was in process
of acres of land laying Idle around |„g up 0f Japanese ports by Com- of formation. It was definitely
him; yet the minister of agrlcul. modore Perry in 1863. The lnevlt. Anti-Anglo-Saxon, and would llke-
ture has the temerity to state that abie troubles which followed were ly assist in a tragic culmination
"the opportunities for men willing maitily the result of Ignorance and unless the Orient was accorded bet.
and ready to go on the lands of misunderstanding on the part ot ter treatment. Present-day grlev-
both Bides. ances, Buch as the building ot the
Singapore base—obviously an offensive move against Japan;— and
the exclusion of immigrants, and
the continued refusal to treat Orientals as social equals—were very
called but that the decision of the government—which of
course would have to be given promptly—should be submitted
to the judgment of the people at a general election before
troops leave our shores."
Was I wrong in 1916?
(Continued in next issue)
lastly, the problem of Japan with
her enormous population and her
limited  natural  resources.
Summarising    his    speech,   Mr.
Kobe said that the Paciflc Drama
now  at  the   stage  where
To Increase Hours
of British Clerks
British Columbia Is better than ever
it was."
The Enslavement Pact
In regard to Immigration this
year, there Is an agreement between
the federal government, the transportation compsnles, and the British Overseas Settlement Board. The
federal authorities contribute £3, the
companies a like amount, and the
British government pi. The Immigrant also has the fare reduced to
£3 and Is guaranteed employment
for five years. This agreement has
been signed by the three parties,
for a period of five years. This
matter was recently discussed ln the
Mr. Kobe then proceeded to give
his Ideas on the most pressing problems of the day:—First that of India, where a highly spiritual civilization with an utter contempt tor
material advancement, was making real.   With different treatment, the
a bid for national freedom; secondly, the problem which china presented with itB chaotic Internal
Btate, and the possibilities of her
emerging with strong antl-Occi-
dental, particularly antl-Brltlsh
sentiments as a coherent whole;
thirdly, the relationship to each
other of the Western powers, Great
Britain, France and Germany; and
speaker concluded, events which
pointed to tragedy, might culminate otherwise.
The chairman, In addressing a
few remarks on the lecture, pointed out that the chief hope ot the
world Was the discovery of a common interest. Political alliances
were always based on this! similarly with Internationalism.   .
LONDON, Feb. 23.—The government is drafting a measure for introducing Into Parliament providing
for the gradual ^Introduction of
the eight-hour day In the British
civil service. A seven-hour day
now prevails.
In order to dull the edge of tha
opposition the scheme will apply
at first only to new employees. The
associations of civil service mem-
bers are preparing to fight the plan.
Three previous attempts to Increase
the length of the work-day have
been defeated.
The excuse for the Introduction
of the bill Is the need for stringent
economy In every government department. Meanwhile enormous
sums are expended on armaments,
cabinet ministers go on the most
expensive Junketing trips all over
Burope, and nothing is Bald. ""!______!_•____.
Page Four
Thursday, March llth,
With the Marine Workers
Conducted  by   W.   H.   DONALDSON,   Secretary  Federated   Seafarers  of
Notes From the Camps
Conducted by J. M. CLARKE, Secretary L.W.I.U. of Canada
A LOT ot business was done at
laat meeting of the Federated
Seafarers' Union ot Canada with
which is Incorporated the National
Sailors and Firemen's Union. Already over sixty members of the
N.S.F.U. have transferred their
books, and it looks as It the seamen are due to make some head,
way In the next few months There
is no doubt the strength of the
union will be Increased, as the
amount of transfers and Initiations
during the month of February exceeded the number for the corresponding month last year.
An application from the Burnaby
Labor Party for financial assistance to Complete the Labor Hall
at Jubilee, was flled owing to the
amount of other business that must
be flnanced during the next few
weeks. .,    *.
Important alterations in the manner of members securing employment were made at the meeting.
MemberB will be employed ln the
order they are listed from their
previous job. It ls hoped the new
method will be successful. The lack
of a closed shop is detrimental to
a successful rotation list; anyhow
we will try.
Nine copies of the constitution
were forwarded to the secretary-
treasurer of the I.S.U. of America at
Chicago in response to his request
tor same before deciding whether
the Federated Seafarers' Union
would be granted recognition.
A letter was received from the
C.G.M.M. Ltd., re meeting a delegation trom the amalgamated union to
deal with certain important matters, which it Is hoped will mean a
better understanding than exists at
. Several members . haye shipped
since the beginning ot the present
month. A letter was received from
a member aboard one of the Canadian government ships dealing wilh
the progress ot the voyage, and
how the conditions were aboard.
Several members deserted the
"Canadian  Pioneer"' at Key West.
Generous donations of "books for
tlle library of the Federated Sea.
farers' Union have been given In at
1EALED tenders, addressed to lhe
— undersigned and endorsed "Tender
for dredging. False. Creek, B.C.," will
be received until 12 o'ch'ck noon, Friday, March 19th, 1926.    ■
Tenders will not be considered unless
made on the torms supplied by the Department and according to lbe conditions set torth therein.
Combined specification and form of
tender can be obtaine-i on application
lo.the undersigned, also at tbe office of
she District Engineer, Post Office Building, New Westminster, B.C.
Tenders must include thc towing of
:he plant to and trom the work.
The dredges and other plant which
are intended to be used on the work
shall have been duly registered in Canada at the time of the filing of the
tender with the Department, or sha'l
have been built in Canada alter the
tiling of the tender.
Each tender must be accompanied
by an accepted cheque on a chartered
bank payable to the order of thc Minister of Public Works, for 5 per cent
oi the contract price, but no cheque to
be for less than fifteen hundred dollars.
Bonds of tbe Dominion of Canada and
bonds of the Canadian National Railway Company will also bc accepted
as security, or bonds and a cheque if
required to make up an odd amount.
By order,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, February 26, 1926.
headquartedB by the following: —
J. Donovan (22 books by A. Dumas)
A complete volume of "Kipling";
by H. Dobbin. T. Lynch; A. E. Pugh
and BUL Love were the others who
wou|d like to see a good library
at the Union Hall Members can
have any of the books away for a
voyage, or to take home. It Is proposed to obtain a set of books on
navigation and engineering.
Letters hava been received from
John Macdonald, a former member
of the Seafarers' Union, who, at
present, is in Australia, sailing on
the New Zealand ship, "Klawarra."
Macdonald, who has sailed on Vancouver vessels, says he hopes that
tho union -will be able to get con.
ditions to the same level as enjoyed
at present on New Zealand ships.
He further states he would rather
ship out of New Zealand ports than
out of any port in Canada. Well,
John, as soon as we have a strong
united seamen's organization all
over Canada, similar to that In New
Zealand, we wlll be able to get results probably just as easy as the
New Zealand workers. New Zealand sailors have been fighting tor
years to get these conditions, and
have been ably supported by other
branches of organized labor,
throughout that country. The
workers of Canada have not got to
the point of being organized to protect their interests, and are being
ground down by wholesale Immigration from other countries. These
immigrants generally find after
they get here that they must go
somewhere else to secure steady
Many members are at present
in local hospitals, and members are
asked to go and see their friends,
as well as the sailors trom British
and other ships, who have no
friends at Vancouver.
Joe Btchells is improving slowly
at St. Paul's, as Is Phil. Creegan,
Joe Worrell, S. Bye, A. McKinnon,
H. Sclater and Albert Fisher. Recent admissions to St. Paul's are
Archie Bell, who was hurt on the
S.S. Amur; and J. Kentland, who
wus transferred from the hospital
in far-away Tampa to St. Paul's.
He was hurt aboard the S.S. Canadian Trooper and Is feeling quite
sick. George Watton is to undergo another operation at the General
Hospital. Bobby Brown was admitted to.the General the other day,
W. Long was discharged from the
hospital on Friday last.
Another Strike of Seamen Looms
SYDNEY, Australia.—A prolonged
and bitter fight between the organized seamen and the shipping com.
ponies Is looming up. The identification of the government with the
cause of the employers Is complete,  come that the lumbermen are cry.
The   trouble   began   last   month   ing aloud to high  heaven against
most  hazardous occupation  CAhT fi, I. T. LUMBER COMPANY,
J* .In Canada, and probably on the CAMPBELL RIVKR
Nortli American continent, Is lum- A BOUT 10(1 men employed here,
berlng on the Paciflc Coast. Every
year scores of men pay with life
and limb for the speed-up devices
and intensified production ot tlle
lumber companies. Scarce a week
passes but one or more Is killed,
and a number seriously Injured.
So serious has the situation be-
with the notification to the Seamen's Union by the Australian shipping companies, which are closely
united against the workers,*' that
they would not employ on their vessels any member of the union who
had "caused any vessel belonging
to any company to be delayed, or of
the compensation charges they are
made to pay, and in order to offset
the reputation for danger the industry is acquiring, are delivering
lectures and Introducing what they
are pleased to term "safety devices."
A short time ago a worker in a
having exercised or having attempt- Baw mill at New Westminster wss
ed to exercise Job control." ' The
ultimatum marks the beginning of
a desperate attempt to break the
working class organizations engaged   ln  the  Bea   transport  services
killed, and the coroner's Jury decided that his death was due to his
failure to take the necessary precautions. ThlB Incident is being
made capital of by the lumber in-
around the Australian coast. Wage terests who are attempting to prove
reductions, Increased hours,'' etc., that all accidents in this Industry
will be the lot of the workers If are the result of carelessness,
this scheme succeeds. in tile current Issue of The Brit-
At a secret meeting in Melbourne  iBi, Columbia Lumberman this ques-
In January, 1926, plans were1 laid   tlon is dealt with, and the adltor,
for this labor-smashing fight. The
shipping combine, the Employers'
Federation, the chamber of manufacturers, and the chamber of
commerce all participated.      '
who, by the way, wouldn't know
the difference between a "bull
block" and a "pike pole," states
that the time is near at hand when
the "Smart Aleck" will have to be
Did this Ink slinger, who gathers
his knowledge of logging through
a window in the Metropolitan
Building, Vancouver, have to go out
into the camps, or have to work ln
a bsw mill for a wage 30 per cent.
All Transport Unions
In Australia to >
Amalgamate '
SYDNEY, Australia.—The  Amalgamated Road Transport Workers'   below the poverty line, perhaps he  and no worse than the majority on
■*■* Running two sides, one donkey
piling up. Falling and bucking by
the million. Ground level. Camp
strictly "high-ball." Camp 6 is located about six miles from Campbell
River. Boat fare $6.10, exclusive
of meals and berth. Wages (3.26
low. Board $1.20 per day. Blan-.
kets and laundry 16 cents per day
extra. Grub only fair, but lots ot
lt. Sanitary conditions good. Bunk
curs and bunk houses fairly good
and kept clean.
Logging now about Ave and a half
miles from camp. You mount the
"mulligan'' car at 7 a.m. sharp; arrive back for dinner nt 12 o'clock
noon; leave again 12:30 and are
back Into camp at 6:30 p.m. A 22-
milc joy ride dally. Chokerman at
$4.26 per, do not seem to stay long.
Pay day once a month, but you
can "sub." If you desire (and have
it coming).
The super., McGinnls, got flred
the flrst week In March, and sinco
then several of the "old timers."
some with 12 and 13 years' service,
have been sent down the road,
(Possibly the "super." "had lt
made" if such mlghtly individuals
can be snld to "have lt made.")
This camp is expected to close
by May 1st during the fire season.
Quite a number of "home guards'1
here, whose chief end in life ap.
pears to be to go down to Campbell
River on Saturday nigbts t&t a
dance garnished with "eau d'
All ln all this camp Is no better
Lives of Sailors
of Small Moment
J. Petersen, employment manager
for the Pacific-American Steamship
Association and for the Steamship
Owners' Association of the Paciflc
Coast, told the house committee on
merchant marine and fisheries that
lt was unnecessary and costly to
place a safety load-line on American ships In foreign trade, but not
because of any desire to insure the
safety of passengers or crew. He
wanted It because Japan and Britain and other nations require it of
ships entering their ports. It
America has no law fixing what is
the load-line for sate loading of
cargo In ships, their foreign governments may hold up American
ships for Inspection. At present
the shipping board vessels use the
British load-line rules.
Union haB been formed here
through the combination of the following . organization: Federated
Carters and Drivers; the Trolley,
Draymen and Motor Drivers of New
South Wales; and the Motor Transport and Chauffeurs. The new un.
ion will have a membership of about
17,000 and will cover this kind of
work thoroughly. It will be the
largest labor organization ln the
country outside of the Australian
Workers' Union.
Each union will retain, its (identity for the time being in order that
the members may continue working under the contracts hitherto secured. It was decided to form
branches in all the states, and
authority Was given to the foundation members together with' the
secretaries ot branches and 'sub-
branches and organizers of the
amalagamated unions, to enroll
members in their respective states.
The preamble sets out tbat any
Individual trouble arising ln one or
more of the various sections can be
much more effectively controlled by
one union covering road-transport
workers than by separate and Independent organizations. It ls also
pointed out that the amalgamation
will enhance the bargaining power
of members.
might not be so free and easy witb
his witless criticism.
Barriers to World
Trade Union Unity
the Coast. The average stay iB
from Ave to six weeks. Of course
we must always remember that the
shareholders of tlle Union Steamship Co., of B. C, must live. No
one In their right senses would expect Ihem to go to work.
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
401-408   Metropolitan   Building
837 Hastings St,
LONDON—(FP)  — Obstacles  In
Europe to world trade union unity      SEATTLE-(FP)-The  Washing-
are many, says A. A. Purcell, presl- ton Co-operative Egg and Poultry
dent Intl. (Amsterdam) Federation Assn. reports total Bales for 1926
ot Trade unions. ot W-015,7117, compared to $4,009,.
"Europe Is In a frightful state so »»' for 1924.    The association corn-
far as trade unionism ls concern-  nrlaes  6000   members,   mostly  on
ed,1' PurceU   declares.    "Many of small ranches,
our comrades are ln prison for union activity.   Instead of having one
labor federation In the country we
have from 3 to 6.   We are not unified and we cannot make our numbers felt.   Even at the centre of the
European movement unity Is still
"In Holland we have our Intl.
Federation ot Trade unions but In
that comparatively small country
there are 6 federations, the Catholic, the Christian, the Syndicalist,
the Communist, the Freo and the
General federations. There are also 140,000 public employees not affiliated to any of these 6.
"if things are so bad In Holland
—a small united country
Vancouver, B.C.
Sey. 6666 and 6667
Province of British Columbia
Department of Lands
Examination for the Position
of Assistant Forest Ranger
Object;    These examinations are for
how ''* PurPose    of n"'n8    present va-
                                                                 .  , cancies  and  to  enable  candidates  to
much worse are they in some of the qualify.  for future vacancies and in-
FaSCist   Chief   SeekS  'arS-"r countries that Buttered Be- creases in staff.
n   .„ » ■■■■< •           verely  under  the   treaty  of Ver- Assistant Forest Rangers:   Assistant
Kdgn Ot   1 error          „„,„,,.    Purcel,   polnt8  ttat the f™* *><*'>« »» ™P'°V«<- during the
,    .              ...            ... nre season of each year and this period
treaty Is one of the great dlsrup- js extended where possible by work on
tive forces, pulling the European improvements such as trails, etc. Re-
labor movement to pieces. Austria appointment is made'each year as long
has been dismembered. Large sec. " f?'«f"'o-7 service is given. Pro-
motion to the permanent stall is made
in of Terror
in Australia
SYDNEY,  Australia!—Captain   J.
O. Hatcher, Victorian commander of
the British fascists In this country,  tions of the German movement have by merit and examination
as occasion
has IsBued a public appeal, urging
that his fellow-ruffians "stand fust,
be fearless, and fight the good
fight for God, kli\g and country."
The circular continues:
"Remember that the fascisti Is a
seml-mllltary body.   Before we can
been cut off.   New states like Po- offers.    The salary is $ 100 per month
land and Lithuania have been ere- <b' a!st -/'". and $110 per month the
ated. In each cose established la- *5col,i* ■J"r' and J12° ,"» •**}'** *'"■
, , ... Traveling expenses are also paid. '
bor movements were cut to pieces Qualifications for Candidates: Can-
by the readjustment, Purcell shows, didates must be British subjects, resi-
Since then fascism, particularly dent in British Columbia for at least
In Italy, has crippled the unions. °!"!'*'• of good character, good
Auctioneers and Valuator]
We Specialize In House Sal
Before Listing give us a Can
748 Richards St.        Sey. 10|
Vancouver, B.C.
If you want to assist the Labor
Advocate patronize our advertisers,
and tell them why.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets,
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Ilnlhs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
.8 Hastings St. E., Sey. 988-672   665 Granville St., Sey. 9513-1
151 Hastings St. W., Seymour 1370
have an army to take the field Where organized labor oppose. ^^^ and wi,h woods
against Communism and empire- fascism, trade union leaderB are They should, have experience in lire
breakers, we must first fill the Jailed, tortured or assassinated, fighting: possess the ability to organ-
ranks .with necessary recruits. Since "We estimate that there at least j" *°* "d .b'"a1« ™n; and hlvc
Bolshevik venom was belched forth 10,000 trade unionists ln European The ?xmimi"™ ™iy w.*ttci.
on the domain and in the house of Jails today because of their labor partly oral and are designed to test
the legislative assembly, and by activity," says Purcell. the candidates' ability along the above
certain members of both parties . "It Is Important to have th. Ros. g» as At^™5«, "£&?&
during the race for position ot one slan unions Join the Amsterdam fitness are subject to verification by
of the professional member's seats, federation but that Is only a small the examination board,
there have been established 28 new part of our task. After that comes ,. P™1"'™! is gioin to returned soldiers wtth the necessary qualifications.
The examination: The examination
branches  in Melbourne alone;   20 the problem of the separate feder-
branches In Victoria, 8 ln Queens-  atlons.   All of the European labor will be held at the places and on the
land, 4 In West Australia, 2 in Sodth  bodies are committed to the prin-  dates named below.    Each intending
Australia, and 2 in Tasmania. New
South Wales  has no definite
Mail Orders Receive Promt Attention
i*******"10*e^*ttnetme**tt^a4*l^ *memett^nm*t.memn^n^ti^nm*tttme^*t*^t
nntl-lubpr Mistletoe creameries
with plants all over the southwest
are suffering losses in their fight
with the milk wagon drivers' union.
The drivers are unionizing compet.
clple of solidarity. The difficulties *-PPl*«i« should apply to the Dis- -
arise when you try to apply the %L*tZ Ititt^A \
principle. garding the hour of examination and«{
Unity is growing both in the Brit, the building in which it will be held, t
ish Isles and on the continent but Application forms should, in each case, '
it is a slow process, Purcell finds. J^eZ "'If«_c^lmDl„.
  least six days beiore tbe examination.
^AVANNAHi,     Ga.—(FP)—Wnge
increases of 2 cents an hour for     p|ace
white employes and 1 cent for Ne- Vancouver
Ing dairies and organised labor ls   groes has been granted to the shop Victoria
swinging   business   to   the   union    workers  on  the Central  Georgia
plants, particularly in San Antonio.    Railway system.
March 14
March 16
March 17
-Apply to
Forester at
No Drugs  Used in  Examinatia
THIS advertisement means hig
grade  glasses,   with  a  tbj
ough and advanced eye ,
amination by a graduate special^
You will find that we give
most value  for the least  ma
and  we stand back of all
turned out.
// your eyes ache, see usM
Robson at GranviUtj
Entrance 680 Robson)
Phone Sey. 8955 j
Ask Any Labor Man.]
Housekeeping   and   TranJ
Central —  Terms  Mode*
Under New Management
"Rill Huniierford and Jt. (]
bridge, Praps.
Big reductions, splendid valJ
Regular Prices f_8.S_ to H42J
$15.00 to $37.65
Cor. Homer and Hastings
Logging Boof
— for —
Quick Service  for  Repair!
— All Work Guaranteed
Special attention to mall ordJ
H. Harvej
Est. In Vancouver In 1897|
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd Bal
Deputy Minister of Lands.
A 'Phone
In The House
the family
B.C. Telephone Companl f.M-Srch- 11th,* 1928
" -,i '     i v ' -'i v  riiT
Page Five- i
jjilf■ i gppffM*MAMjjt»iiilyiI spin as a wro^non mmAMm^
I * *iL_yL**j8j____t._i_ .;.■_,___________.* & i ~~
French miners nre ballotihg on
question of what action  they
■repose-taking to enforce, a wage
|_rease»to*meet the-rising, cost of
flag.    As they are divided  into
federations,    the    reformist
. T. and the "Red'' C. O. T. U.,
i separate votes are being taken.
[(ie demands of the latter are for
straight increase of 0 francs a
py; those pfthe former,. (#11 'or a
' per cent, klfae in the daily wage,
ree distinct tendencies have been
far, revealed   in   the   returns,
here are those who favor an. lm-
Bdlate   strike;   a   second' group
Rich advocates the stay-in or recced production (Sabotage) strike;
Id a third which advocates tHe
ptlnuance   of  negotlatlona   with
owners, the men to remain at
Irk meanwhile.
"' ' (Back from- malty- monthi in west*..
cm Europe and Russia. Scott Ntaring
is now lecturing in the United Statei
and Canada. -The Federated Press* is
continuing publication of a number of
solved by special legislation In Kan-
sas or Montana.
SB Washington—(kp)—Hints
cowing industrial depression,
The workers' govemhtent ot the rent "last  December and now te-
Soviet Uhlon doeB not regard .any newed, have the added element of
ofthe major economic problems as strength ln tltttt they are precise,
local.   It bees them as A part ot an They say a depression has arrived
his studies written while he was still   historic development that wlll be   ln the building Industry; that Florl-
in Europe.—Ed.)
MOSCOW-(PP)-Wheiiever the
representatives of the workers
and peasants of the Soviet Union
meet a difficulty, they organise an
institute, collect a library, pick a
staff- ot- experts* and* ask* them' t6*'J£**^***aniipe.j
X i—f-
*   th:
IHE business houses 'whose advertisements appear in
The Labor Advocate are interested in the welfare of
not only their own help, but of workers generally."
as true for Asia ln the near future da's boom has ceased;  that Wall
as It has been for Europe In the Street   Is   getting   ready   to   deal
Immediate    past.    Therefore,    the harshly with Its latest prodigy — Bft>VVM^VWVVVVVVV^'V^VVVV^VW^V%V^WVVVVWWytfVVVyVb1
International Agrarian Institute ls Dillon, Read & Co. — unless this *• ****************s.*************m******************i
organised to make a study ot the Arm   takes' programme   trom   Its
problem In every, part of the world: elders.     Director    Klein    of
the J
and to decide upon some practical  Bureau  of Foreign  and Domestic i
Commerce,  ln   Secretary. Hoover's ,
solve  the problem.    One of thoir -1 ty this ,re»p'ect economic' prob-   department; has appealed to- Con*- J,
latest moves In* this direction is the   Ibrix-'are* treated, by the workers', gress ___i_. an. Increased, approprla*. *
organisation  ot the  Internatlpnalt government very much as the**Ja*. ;t|onjfo(vdfU)nmlng up trade In for*
Agrarian Institute. '""" *—""■'" *"-"'" '»'—••- •*•• --   -'■--' -•-'■'---    ■*-* *	
In the Soviet Union as elsewhere)
the economlo relation between farm
workers and city wnrkers Ib unsatisfactory. ThSe*- two' groups live on.
different standards and! carry on
their productive activities with* different Implements.   In general, the
teur Institute treats tetanus or as e'lgn markets. Economists who be
the Rockefeller Institute treats lieve that tho peak ot American ln- J
hooki-worm. These* Bcourges' are not dusMafr gropperity. haa; been passed, '•
tor a few years at least, point to i
foreign markets as the only means *,*
of: relief .from over*-prodhctlon In 1 ^
the factories and mills of. America. (.__»%*
confined, to any race or to any locality. They are treated as a menace to the race. The Soviet Union
treats economlo  problems, ln the
3600 HASTIN-GS ST.*E«, VANC*W»H,.B. C.
same way and applies to their so-  this year
llie city government of Calcutta
Instructed Its officials that In
■ future they are to buy no goods
South African origin and make
[contracts with any white citizen
lhe Union of South Africa. This
In  retalliatlon for the  passage
the South African assembly ot a
declaring an official color bar
llnst the natives of India,
Ighty    declaration    of    General
pzog, tlie premier ot the union,
It would be wasting time to
the arguments of the colored
les against the measure, has en-
fed all classes in India.   As tlle
un Is a British colony and India
Is, the situation has created n
difficult state of affairs.
city Workef uses*maehthes and the' lutlen the*same principles that the     one  reishtt,' and   an  Important <
farmer uses hand tools or at best' leading; natural scientists apply to  one, for the failure of the American ■{,
animal power.   Even In the more their problems.                                                                                       .
advanced countries, the use of ma- The   International  Agrarian  In-
chlnery on the average farm has stltute is under the direction oMhe
not progressed very far.    In the* Soviet department of agriculture.
with the agricultural experts of
Europe and America. Some of the
ablest younger Russian agrfcultur-
more backward, countries agricultural* machinery driven by power
ls practically unused.
.During the past Ave  years  the
United States has been face to face
with thts problem. The department staff. The problems of bringing the
of agriculture has collected some farmer and city worker Into a B.at-
The. ■,|-*,"'<,B* agricultural credit has been Isfactovy economic relation' has not
provided for a few farmers, but the been solved in the Soviet Union but
•natter has been treated as though is taking the only possible road to
it  were  temporary  and  could   be  such a result   ,
Connections have been established  0[ fai.m projects.   Congress Is dis
people, to consume as large a-pro- J
portion of tie goods produced ln J-
this' country as the manufacturers <,-
have counted on, Is the low price. ,
playing no serious intention to pass
legislation tor the relief ot the
farmers.    Leslie M. Shaw, banker
al experts have been added to the   mi {mmet gecretary of the treasury,  advises farmers  who  cannot
Ww Gift Shop
Jewelry Stare
(SO. Johnson)
8846 Hastings East
REPAIRING a Specialty
'. Novelties
, s
t I
t I.
t I
. a,
make a living on the land to go   »«»»**»•*••••»••■.»■•»■•
»■**.•*■».*. ** ****** ***.**
into the industrial towns to work. '
i t
t t
i *
t t
i ,
i- «•
< I
,-_* Hi
Anders' Cod Liver and £
Malt Extract
So many farmers may be driven to I
take this advice, this year, that a ,
plan is now under discussion in J
labor circles to ask Congress to put J
Mexican and Canadian immigration t
under the quota rule—thereby shut- J
ting off much ot Ihe flow of labor |
Into the United States.
nOXTVBEREJt, Wales -(FP)    *
[ibe Polish repatriations commis-
, who was sentenced by a Soviet
t to six years' imprisonment tor
{pe and pervlsion, and Luschevlts,
secretary of the Polish consul-
general, who was sentenced to
great strike has broken out
,iln In the Japanese cotton mills
Shanghai. Over 5,000 Chinese
borers are out. There have been
■number ot serious clashes,
lbuble started over the attempt
I Japanese foremen to cut the al-
lady starvation wage scale by imping lines for allegedly defective
these meals was 9 cents.
<Under the parliamentary act authorising this feeding, the county
council is compelled to pay the bill,
up to 10 cents for dinners and 8
cents   Cor   breakfasts.    Funds   for.
on the taxpayers, which, in this instance means  a  considerable  tax
chlldren    with    food    during   the
strikes, virtually at the expense of
the coal owners.
J. L. Evans, who was the miner
'he Polish priest Usas. an official T Considerable ,elass.-conscious so*
clal Ingenuity Was shown by the
Welsh coal miners in a severe
strike which arose out o|t differences between the men and the
management over seniority rights.
During the strike effective use
th for espionage, and two spies wasmateby Ihe miners of the Pee* <"• *** *"**•* owners,
re exchanged by the Soviet au-. lag 0[ jjecc88|toug children act of ''*•■ miners thuB provided their
- i for the four comradeB m8 Thl_ _ct elripower_ the
Malevsky. Brun and Javoy-  schooI authorities to feed children
when, In their opinion the children
       i.       ar_ miMe t0 (jj,, ,„!,, alivantage
of the school work. A distress committee was organized by the miners, the most prominent local people, Including the school heads,
were asked to serve on tlle coin-
The   "'ee' "Itf-P'1"18 were blade to enforce the act.
Equipment for feeding was borrowed. Emergency tables were
rigged In the schools; dishes and
utensils were loaned by the local
co-operative; housewives volunteered kitchens located near the
schools, and the children were
given two cooked meals per day. In
Pontyberom the feeding was continued- for three weeks. In one
neighboring town It covered six
weeks. The work of preparing and
serving the food was apportioned
ty the distress committee among
women who were sympathetic to
the.miners.       , , ;
The only costs were for supplies.
In one school buildlngc there w.eije
1,6»0 meals served.    In the other  Sovle-.   c"lon;
600  meals.    The average cost  of
Fodder Basis For
Street Car Men
Kodaks, Ffhm* an* Amateur , %■
VtolMiing        I        \%
Prescriptions, Drugs J
. a
I      '
3732 Hastings St. East
Philadelphia street carmen Is to be j
based on  fluctuating food prices, {
thta purpose" are pVovlded" by "a" levy  ***<> Philadelphia Rapid Transit Co., "
which  controls  all  local  canines
and many Interurbans, announces.
Changes in pay rates are not to be
made more than once a year, unless
thai purchasing value of the dollar
varies 10 points or more from the
market basis index and remains at
Phone High. Ku
Mitchell's T*an$tei!
Baggage—Express     '
1711 Hastlags St. E« Vancouver
■*%m**^%V-4!»' %*■**.*•*•
a point beyond that variation for ,
ln oharge of the feeding, expressed tnl"ee montnB- t
Several market, baskets with Bxed I
CLARK-   J. KANE, PropB.
Vancouver, B. C.
J A Popular Priced Hotel
|Hot and Cold Running Water
Steam Heat
Newly  Decorated
New Fixtures
Dining Room In Connection _
IrATESi SOe Per Day Bid* Up
■Telephone: 24 Water  SU
■ Sey. 1492    Opp. Unton S.S. Ca.
great satisfaction. "It has now
been tried all over South Wales,"
he said. "There ls no longer any
question of charity connected with
It, The miners take it as their
right. There were boys and girls
who had never known what a really good meal was till they came to
these school kitchens.''
contents have, been decided upon
for basic computations. A special
bureau will study from month to
month the prices of the commodities.
Wages up to now have been, determined by the average rate paid
In Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago.
»»'W.<*K*»,'*.**%.'V'.%l».»,-*l»'**'5 |
t I
, I
I t
I    *
i *
i. *i
EAsr< i
!    JI1H   HASTINGS   ST.
The new plan insures a rough main- «\^\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\V '
lenunce of the preaent standard ot t
living   but   not   for   raising   thii
\ fi. A.
PEKING, March S.—At a party
here ln honor of Hau Chien and
Eugene Chen, of the Canton gov*
(Continued from Page 1)
Toilet Preparations
The strikers are doning gas masks '
and steel helmets, and are attempt- I
ernment  diplomatic  delegation  to  lag to break   through the police !
the Peking government, Chen, In his •■ne8 and picket the struck, mills. J
address to the gathering, declared  Strikers who are ex-service men are J
/.hat ot the  great  powers  China   Wing the steel headpiece \)iey uaej' r* " ! i*
could  he   friendly  only   with  the  during the late European war. Two \
Ladles' Work a Specialty
Two Barbera always  ln
t i
t I
t I
i I
i i
, l
, i
, i
i *
, i
, i
have Some Good Buys in
Payment As Low as $85
iPhone Sey^T-0-   1W6 Gran. SL
City of Vancouver
THE undersigned will receive
tenders up to 12 o'clock
noon, Tuesday, the 23rd day of
March, 1926, for aproxlmately
200 pairs summer wear Policemen's Boots. Sample to be
 Purchasing Agent.,
- Stay »t the -
Hotel Stratford
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Ser. 6181
200 Elegantly Furnished
60  Rooms  with Private  Bath
Moderate* Prices
"Britain,    France, armoured cars have been  secured
American  and  Japan,"  he  stated,, by press  photographers   ror   sufo-
"are all' Imperialist countries. China guarding their  cameras whilst   In
cannot he friendly With them.   If the "war zone."
we do not unite with Soviet Rusaia,      The    Police    Commissioner    for
our enemy will not be suppressed. Public   Safety  has  declared  that:
That Is why Dr. Sun Yat Sen In his "I have hired every available horse
last will Insists upon our uniting ln Passaic.   These will be used by
T, T. M^EE j   G. L JA1S0N
with    countries
that    treat    us
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.C.
Boss Wants Union;:
1 Workers Get Jail
five employees of the A. Nash "Qol.
den Rule'' clothing factory, who a
few weeks ago Joined the Amalgamated Clothing Workers at the
request of their employer, were arrested by the Cincinnati police for
standing In front ot a non-union
Shop soliciting the workers to Join
tbe Amalgamated.
Amalgamated officials are wondering how much liberality there >
really-lBTn'the new city adminlstra- i
tlon, advertised all over the coun- j
try as a great political reform move- J
ment. The police department is |
under the direction ot the new city <
manager, a tormer  regular army J
special policemen. I shall order J
these men to warn the strikers to J
disperse. If you fall to obey the *
order I shall see to lt that they ride '
down all those who occupy the J
public  streets  and  sidewalks."        »
Citlsens ot Passaic are aroused
iver a report that srlkebreakln*,
agencies have Imported a large
number ot gunmen, thugs, and ex-
convlcts from New York City to
work ln the mills.
Watches,  Clocks  nnd  Jewelry}'
Repairing ls a Specialty     ',
Satisfaction Guaranteed      '
(Next to Bank of Commerce) '*
Agreements, Deeds and Wills
Prepared; Flre and Automobile
Insurance;   Rents  Collected.1
Vancouver, B.C.
Phonesi* Office—Glenbiirn SS,
Res.—Highland l_.g
4018! Hastings St. E.
With    John  Gilbert and  Mae*
%**•**»■■*%» *fc*.**w»^»%» «<-. *■*.*-•.*. «<-*.*-•, %
Insist On Our Label
Guaranteed Finest Quality -—
__l Canadian Labor advocate
March llth, 1926
Powerful, Compelling Shoe Bargains
Offering You a $15,000 Stock on Sale in a Tremendous Sacrifice Drive
for Recognition.
We offer a full line of women's pumps In patent and
black kid with the newest
style toe and cuban heel that
we ordinarily sell tot (5,
but we let you have them
for one month for $2.95
Skinners Satin Pumps with spike heel
and newest toe with single narrow profile
strap.   A beauty and worth all of ?8.    To
introduce for only  $4*75
Here is another little black satin model with
a spike heel that we have developed for you
in the popular step-in model. It sold for
$7.50 but it goes for 94.75
Women's black and tan calf oxfords are very
popular for early spring wear, and we have
a wonderful assortment to offer you in cuban
military and walking heels with plain or
fancy toes. These come in all sizes, and we
sold them for $5.50, but we sacrifice our profit this month so out they go at $3-45
The newest style
this    season   is
light    colored
kids and we have
a large   assort*
nent of these ln
stock   and more
coming in all the
time.     We offer
you all tho nevi
onu3 we hav^* in
stock and we will
sacrifice tbe pio*
lit on all our new stock as it arrives daily.   Come
and  see  thta  little blond kid  step-in with high
front, spike heel, stage toe, and trimmed with a
saddle'effect in darker kid.   These are worth $9
of    anybody's    money;    take    them    now    for
only   $8*45
This is a group of short lines in brown kid,
brown calf, tan calf, fawn suedes, grey
suedes—spike and Spanish heels, ahd some
Cuban and walking heels, pumps, and oxfords. We believe they are good $7.50
values but they go for	
This is our opening gun in a campaign for recognition as Vancouver's High Grade Popular Priced Shoe
Store. Since taking over The Old Imperial Shoe Store,
we have been gratified and delighted with the response to our effort to give you the best in shoes and
shoe service at a popular low overhead pricing. Today we believe that Vancouver is on the eve of wonderful expansion and we will keep up with this progress
by giving you a real style, quality, and low price service
and during this drive we are going to sacrifice every
cent of profit in order to impress this upon you, and
we would ask you to read carefully every item on this
page, as it means to you a saving of from 25 to 35 per
cent. i
1087 Granville Street
Good Bye Profits!
Here — the
popular  plain
toed     work
shoe for men,
in     an     oil .
grain     upper
solid    leather
screw     con
struction   and                _
thev sure wlll       ^_^_^k
wear:                   __________H
regular   ^fl
values     __.l>0   ->*^^
to  oring you         ^^^^
 _..<*__ «5.
Why do we do it?
Because a new store must do something exceptional, in the face of present day competition, to bring itself
to your notice. We do not believe in contests, competitions, or free offers, but we do believe in advertising and giving the values we advertise, and we are
content therefore, to sacrifice every cent of profit
from our present stock in order to advertise our unique
styles and professional service to you. This explains
the drastic price cuts in this extraordinary driye for
We want to stress these facts:-
We are in the low rent district, our overhead is
low, our stock is new, our quality is high, and we have\
definitely embarked on a policy of low price for volume business^ ,
Men's Work Boots in light or heavy weight
are offered you at a real saving. Substantial shoes these that sold at $6.00. Take
them for  —... $3.85
All men's dress shoes and oxfords will be
priced for this sale at practically jobbers''
prices. Patent calf and kid in brown or
black. Conservative or young men's styles
to go at $4*75. 94-95 and $5*25
Men's light tan boots and oxfords with
spade, recede, round or bull dog toes; values
and mighty good ones here—up to $8.00 to
go during the sale for $4*75
% Family Shoe Store in the Low Rent District
Sacrificing Profits for ONE WHOLE MONTH
Misses brown and black calf
pumps with single straps; good
sturdy construction and really
dressy; reg. $4.00 values for
less than  half  $1*95
Misses' school shoes and oxfords—wo have them in abundance in black & brown calf;
sizes 11-2 these we sold for
$3.25, but they go for $11.95
 »H *"'
Oii-ls' pumps and oxfords with
the famous bull dog soles and
sturdy uppers; sizes 8 to 10J4 ;
a regular $3.50 value to go
t<"   SI .95
Here is the men's famous Dalco make
in a genuine black calfskin welted
sole; blucher cut and full round toe;
solid leather, of course, and regular
price $7.00 to go at $4*95
Robinson & Warren Ltd.
Directly opposite
Successors to
Imperial Shoe Store
The Standard
T1087 GranVille Street
pany Ltd.
^mwStore with new service, new style and old quality


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