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The Canadian Labor Advocate Aug 21, 1925

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Wifli Wliieli.IiIncorporated THE B. />* ^RAUQNIST
Year.   No. 84
VANCOUVEB, B«C.,.FBIDAX:jM;v      .Aflv. AUG.. 2V1925
Eight Pages    _   :. 5e A COPY
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press Industrial iSdltor.)      .
WARS and drastic changes in the political and social, .organ
Clothing . Workers—A. comprehensive. employer-police      raid,
Which collapsed jirith a tliud io,
court the, next morning, Uvenietf up
the' labor dispute of the -fyeek ii
gijleago^'.. _gixty-tviio iXmMgtynatei
ization of the world are predM; at thr TO^
institute of politics on the basis of plain facts abput popular- _$ detectiw squads an.4 hustled to
tion, food and mineral resources. Given the economio strug- t|is;,U}cfcii4 only to Have.*4,d1s-
gle, said Antonio Cippico, Mussolini rePre^|^^ ^S^TSi^S ™?d£
less to attempt to complete abolition of war e#he_N by,.jwpular of the*f rf^tb.,tf*i%t, d^ctjts^ q _%frtef
movements, or by congresses for disarmament.  agreed to.hav^is! pleased «. nom-
Wars are certain to develop, said C. K, I*it^ Unhr^ i^S^ZS^S
of Wisconsin geologist, from the struggje lor,;'mittersi ,,£&.. ea on aeaualt «itf-ettnsisi»afly.«har-
sources. There are only three
centers of steel production in the
world, located in the United
States, England and the Ruhr,
with 93 per cent, of the world's
potential capacity. These regions
have both iron ore and coal.
*   Deadly Competition
"There is at the present time,'
Laborers Jailed For _\f.
Quitting Their Job
gess •*.<*   .
.   ".  '_..'     all...__,. JL.. *
INDIA        -
* WeaVetn In*-one of the Bombay' woeir factories) ft-'sfcrlke -of 1,-
BSTONi Sask.-**•*. The goddess' OW weavere*-* took <ptaee -during*
Freedom, in this, provinoe, -so. fete, May. --The1 strike was -d-neto* thty
as the working class ls concerned,, si.ee•-&!# up ef the--ltooiiur. br-26
is yoked to the Master..: and . Ser- »*' oen*., which ^ reeuftetffci-wage
says Leith, "a quiet but deadly vants^Aot.inmuch thft-sain* w*yi (mW amount-teg •(*■-15 .per cent.-
eompetition for the minerals ne- as the* Dominion -of ,.*Cani.dt_...i»; BittfrifrMwii- #he workers* of* the
cessary to the production of steel hog.tled to. Britataby,*h*-North Narth-Westem-Raihvaysj who are,
-manganese, chromite and fluor- America* Act.:     ,.-;*   ' /* oh strlkei-were JWae* by several
lte There are three centers of Nine GallohCn labore«fc,WB» an*.* groups- -oft oU_er-ra»wa^ workers,
Its production—Southern Bussia rested in Estop recent*?, ^-charge* while *Sfae< employe* atthe Galea
and Brazil, controlled by U. S. with deserting-.their emplojtMr***; sliatlons ^ared .a.-«-hou^ strike
capital,  and India,  controlled  by construction, Bub-cojRtraetQ£,_,9n,.)>e. ln-«ym$_tth*y.     ' '
British capital." C.N.R.   The* me? h-^-.'beenj W^g., . .--_ \
Leith asserts that lack of steel  Ing at Burstall, and decided that;   • V&_?t__     -•
eliminates Japan as a war threat harvesting. ofti3red,;^^ttiB>, pros-, Glass f#orker»-Ten workmen
and the Bast as a menace to pects 'ifor advancement" than. were; Mi the hospital today and
western civilization. wielding . a * shovel. toiXtVo*,Cftna- j forty were la prison -as the result
Asiatic Relations dlan government, eq-they q,*4U  .    of' flght-h* -between etrikers and
England   can   avoid   war   with     The   iwSh*^WS»K^
RuTa   only   by   cultivating   the arrested for violation.of,*mM* ^ 1"re_____
spiritual  aspect  of  her  relations ter  and  Servant. Act,, wftioh., te, ■■      ._,.
with Asia instead of trade In whis-  this   province .8 ipnl^»„^t  all,       ; iflfg^i
ky an* opium, in the opinion of ™^?.L^^MMMi?$?     ""  "'
Felix Valyi,   editor  Revue  Inter*
(By Federated Press.)
UEN^EETJA, 6kla.-^-State troops, are in action and martial
law -i* threatened in the coalfields of Oklahoma as a result
of the prayers.and hymn-singing of the striking miners of
Henryetta. and Schulter. .
i The winning over of 80 strikebreakers.to the union by
the expedient ofi prayingr for their Salvation at the entry of
the mines has been so disastrous that the mine operators have
induced Sheriff John Bussell of Okmulgee county to issue a
proclamation ordering the cessation of all prayer meetings
'»■-"   ■' ' »■■ " '•  i   i " '■' i ■      and   religious   procedure   by   the
picketing miners and* their wives
and children.
Disregarding the sheriff's orders, two union miners persisted in
praying and singing, and were
forced   to   continue  their  prayer
Workers Wanted 01
-*   "Looney. Gas" Peril
must give a day's notice,* if em-- dary'school'teachers held a, one-
n^airPoliti^e!   He"held"that P10^ -V the;w>e}fci^
Soviet  Russia'   by  offering  social  t}ce, or lf employe* by.'.thevmonth. td.potest agttinst,the.Protect on
equality to oriental nations, prof-  "***Bt S»v° a monk's notlee.-The, 0f:the .neKotiations on the question
its by the refusal of the imperial looal J.P. ordered, them to either, of an Increase In salaries.-
powers and so achieves leadership return   to   their   former, employ-, - ,.        .;    ...
ment or .pay thei^bpw: W0,,ves.((8»; psti0tf^i. ISlyANDS ,,...
by way of compensation for to*i ____' cSmgr^rr-^.he . Phtijiplij-e
of their services,,, or, else spiye Labor congrtw .jpaweVa resolu-
one month in the Prince Albert. tlon camng upon labor orgjiniza-
tions in thei *U* itedvStajtes,. Japan.
B.   C.   harvesters .coming. •&&■  china* an* other a*fi«!»tia pountries
during the 19th century resulted  headfj  ^ onlj6,1<>Weri, »*,     'M
in a state of things which hinders he rich0Ilei Far ***■___ 	
of eastern aspirations.
The Policy of Plunder
"The policy of plunder and partition," he said,' "applied on the j^^EZ
Asiatic   continent   and   In   North
Africa   by   all   European   powers
the free evolution of mankind. In
1918 the victories of the great
colonial powers left the West everywhere unchallengeable i,n arms
and bankrupt in Ideas."
Referring to the resulting upheavals ln Morocco, Turkey, Syria,
India and China, he said: "Governments and empires are shaken
Waiters Claim Labor
Delegates Too Noisy
GERSiASft,,     .
Coal: B^ersh^At f* meeting of
,the Thyssen .Wiiije worsens,, it was
decfde-4 tf> set' up trade union unity
cdmm'ittee.s.at every  pit,.and, to
,;.. (By Federated Press) ■
,NEW ypRKt-r-WorkerB throughr
out/, theu United .States are again meeting in the Okmulgee county
being t warned, by , the Workers' jalI No charges were filed and
HealthiBHrBau,against.the danger the county attorney, is up a stump
of.tetrai-etkyl lead. Reports of a* ^ t0 what B0T_ ot a mtademearior
n»w fuel containing,.. thia. deadly thi8 BlnBinr 0f  hymns at a pit
- poison were given to the American mojith constitutes.
. Chemhwt BotSety.; m»eting; ,in* Les N^tibn-il guardsmen are on
Angeles Tha base of Synthol, this d^**y bu£ they cah't ^Iteep cbm-
ii*»» "no-.kn»ack" motor fuel, Is ben- fortable,    due   to    the    patriotic
zol, another deadly poison frenzy of the religious picketers,
In a letter accompanying the ^ ^glgt on slnging the star
Workers!, Health,Bureau pamphlet gpangle(i Banner -at regular in-
on Tetra-Bthyl Iiiead. workers are terva,S( __mpemng the troopa t0
urged to Investigate conditions Jn snap t0 attentlon and the young
their own localities to determine lleutenant to Jump to a rigid sa-
whether. *thyl gas or synthol are. lute *■
being sold or used. Advertisements
appearing in newspapers since the
Public. Health Conference onTe- rei_Ki0UB revival  will  be
tra-Ethyli:G*ad  show  that  ethyl say ,the  religion, revival will  be
g£ "looney ga*," is still being sold. °°n*lnUed, aU S~ " *' °per-
at filling stations. Workers are <*"* and non^a^orkers re-
askedby the health bureau tore- "^ to b« "^ \ "ve mi™
port all industrial poisons endang- that went openahop between NB00
. ,     , .   .,.,, .„ tv>„f „.   and   1000   union  miners  immedi-
ering worker^ ^^o.^o - J ^ ^ ^
ganized labor can d">«« **"-- accept the 1917 acale.    Bach day
tion before instead of after work- *
ers' lives have been lost., at « »'m' ***f»•* ^rlkeb"afe™
Synthol, the __ew fuel, was found «ult work «>ey find the road lined
by General Motors, Standard Oil■ ^ » "^ •'■ P f» ra^A witl>
and the du , Ponts,, through their their wives and- toldren. Appre-
work on German patents taken hensively the strikebreakers walk
over by the U.i S. Alien Property down the road between the fixed
Custodian during the war and sold bayonets of tho militia,
for a song to the Chemical Founda- The union pickets carry Amer-
tion, Inc., which is composed of Jcan flaB8. at>d their first act is
these and other companies Inter- 4° "•»« the Star Spangled Banner.
A Summer's Job
Officials, of the  miners'   union
ested in profits from chemical advances*.
MONTREAL.—That delegates to  Bgn'ai a ijelegate to Soviet B-ussla at
labor   conventions   are   too  noisy thlif own expensp. ,
and   damage   furniture   and   rugs
_   _,   ,   _      _ ..            . _,    «. „. with burning cigarettes, and thereto their foundations, and the Wes fore ^ unde8lraWe guegtS( ,„ the
stands  perplexed  in the  face  o k ,    —u
such   prodigious    Phenomena   of raTlf Wmn1„vo6B, TJB^flH^^ A1.
universal   dissolution   and   social
and economic disintegration."
rant Employees' International Al-
liance convention, which' mist here
______________ recently. ,
~~" The   American ^yederatiOh   of
Summer School a Success i^bor, when corrwoinding about
  their October convention,, sent, out-
Harry   Neelands,,   M.L.A.,
___r_'t_ i NttW<
Prairie Progressives
Co-ordinate Efforts
REGINA..— Representatives for
Manitoba and Saskatchewan were
elected    at    the    inter-provincial
The strikers stand with bared
heads, while the soldiers present
arms. As the anthem closes a
hymn starts up, followed by another, and yet another.
The Prayer
Then a striker steps forward
and prays for the scabs:
"Lord, let no harm come to
these  men.    Hold  up the moun-
Progressive conference, held here ' .   ,
;"___<_,_ ?_ _i - „„mmitt„0 tain sides that no rocks may fall
upon  them.    But,  Lord,  let Thy
'rec.ehtly, to serve on a committee
whose work will be the co-ordina-
•   _ ..     *.., i       ,    _,.•_..   "gnt shine upon them and show
tion  of the  Progressives in next tPt^»n...a ._ . .*.
federal    electiqn.    The    delegates
from Alberta had no authority to
(Continued on pace S)
who 33 enquiries to-managers ^l^Bi^fi^^^*^-^^^1*9
- -     ■   . „ ■--    Prairie  Progressives   Co-operate	
was  one  of  the  speakers at  the and   received   but   three   replies.  Mi„t„i,m JL Canada _„...   8
Summer School  of Social Science The above was the reason given, .. __W_^
now being held at West Summer- "from   personal   experience,",   by '     ■ , UlXmi*a>,<i.
land, B.C., returned to Vancouver hotel   and   restaurant. emJ>loyeea'; syofli Jffw.^l?»y^^-'-----v»*-v>----' ":•■ x
last  Tuesday  pight     He  reports aelegates as to why inore replies J^fttf» Sl«k.*l ?K-Wf-»Jr«rv**-'"r ••■-,   1
that the program of the school Is were not received. Teacher,,.flre*.,ter.Tfllipg ?wui ,c,8
being   carried   out   according   to     When one considers the Moose, POEEION ' -
schedule and that a keen Interest Elks, Knights, Kleagles and Eagles BnMian and Ameriean Farmers    2
is  taken  ln  the various  subjects that perambulate the streets(.(nak- nUng»r,Drivoa.flench Ba^L<3erks   8
brought   forward   for   discussion. i,iig the air discordant  with  hid- Palish  Reaction*?!*!  Shoot  Workers   8
The attendance is very good this eous squawks on tin whistle* al- BBITIIS
year' ' lege* to b8 wMo' one, '■; W"*"* Britiih Le^ta^'Movement^row.   T
Workert'    Eittcatioa.  Making   Progress       1
Others   attending   the   summer to   have  a  poor' opinion',* of. .the
school from Vancouver are Dr. W. diagnosing abilities  of the cooks'
J. Curry and his son Billy.
and waiters' delegates.
London Boya Emulate Strikers.....
appoint   representatives   for   that UlUOnS ill EdltlOntOIl
Sresene;edand 0ntatl0 WM n0t Gaining in Strength
The conference discussed yarl-
ous methods of preventing dUPll- * BDMONTON,: Aita.—The organ-
cation of effort and of co-ordina- }-_90 drive launched here: by the
ting th%work of the Progressives,, T«:ade8 and Labor Council ismeet-
and thlsyled. to the decision of ln* with good suocess.
electing a co-ordinating commit- The 'Railway Carmen have add-
tee with authority to prepare ed 62 new members to their local,
campaign literature and handle and several other" unions have also
speakers. made considerable gains.
The   conference   also   disoussed The brewery worksrs have Just
the principles set forth ln the Pro- signed   a   new   agreement   giving
gresalve platform for the purpose them a wage Increase of ten cents
of clarifying points that might be per hour, with one week's holiday
open to different interpretations, on pay each year. Page
Friday, August 21, 1925
•f i
If   -
Workers For Canada,
Cattle For Britain;
Prosperity For All barristers
■  Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro*
Russian and American]
I Farmers
(By Carl Brahnln,  Federated
MOSCOW.—Tho chairman of
the village soviet was standing In
fro.yt of his house and we stop-"
ped to talk with him. He was
surprised to meet Americans, for
though his community was only
four hours from Moscow none
had ever stopped there before.
How are things in the village,
• we asked. Not so bad, was the
reply, vrith true farmer conservatism, but the peasants need more
land. The average was 10 to 20
acres each, and this was not
enough (the old methods, with no
machinery, were - still ln use).-
There was a large'tract of forest
land nearby which he thought the
government ought to give them,
but instead it was proposed to
move the village away to a section where each family would
have enough. The government is
attempting to conserve its forests.
As to taxes, our friend could
not. complain. Last year on his
35 acres he had paid $5, and this
year, with the new law reducing
all peasant taxes 40 per cent, it
would be much easier.
We asked about women in the
soviet. Y.es, .they were taking
part i,p discussions and in the
work. In some Soviets they were
Then he. turned on us about
America. Was it true that there
were few small farms in the United States and that all farmers
had much machinery? A friend
had- told him someone else had
told that this was so. We tried
to give him an idea of the unsatisfactory-status of American
farmers as a- class. He was greatly surprised.
And he had also been told that
all American workers and farmers alike were well filled out and
robust because they had plenty to
eat. 'As he asked this question
he looked us over skeptically (we
are a good many pounds underweight) and then at a big strapping Russian who was our guide.
This surely could not be true or
we were not Americans. We assured him we were not a fair
sample. There are fat and lean,
in fact, more extremes than we
had seen in Russia. He shook his
head.    It seemed quite strange.
(By Leland Olds)
DUY flour through farmer-labor
co-operatives, bake it at home
beat the baking trust and save $40
a year on your bread bill alone.
That is a message for. the worker's
family contained in a U. S. Department of labor study of distribution
of money spent by the consumer.
The growers of the wheat and
the actual bakers of the loaves
which isBue from factories in motor
truck fleets get a very small part
of the price, the department shows.
The farmer's receipts from an ordinary pound loaf amounts to
about l%c while bakery labor gets
less than l%c. Combined their
return ; is just about SV_c or less
than one-third of the 10c paid by
the consumer. The combined margin of the  bakery trust and  the
retailer amounts to nearly 36 per
If it is desirable to bake bread in
this modern wholesale fashion the
conduct of baking plants on a cooperative basis would save about
2c per pound loaf, a saving of more
than $20 on the 1,100 loaves a
year required by a faniily of five.
The following table derived from
government figures shows the approximate division of the consumer's money in the case of a pound
loaf sold in Chicago.
Cost of Bread Cents   Pet.
To farmers for wheat.. 1.53    16.73
To grain elevator      .05   .   .75
To railroads     .31      3.14
To milling company 62      6.45
For other materials .... 2.00    20.62
To bakery labor   1.71    17.63
Baking company's slice 2.26    23.31
Retailer's slice   1.20    12.37
Total  :  9.70 100.00
MONTREAL.—-Not being quite
ready for another war, Britain desires to export as much surplus
labor power as possible, and Canadian capitalists, afflicted with a
burning desire to reduce wages,
desire to connect with the overflow.
When W.- T. R. Preston, Canadian government agent i,n England, arrived in, Montreal, he announced that freight charges on
emigrants would probably, be reduced to $40 per. head, and that
cattle would be shipped back ln
the liners, for return cargo, at
$15 per head. All of whtch redounds to Canada's future greatness,
We will thus be able to export
our cattle at a cheap rate and
import reliable * parcels of human
energy also at a cheap rate. These
immigrants then can be used to
raise still more cattle. Prosperity
beyond the dreams of avarice
stares us in the face.
politan Bldg.
Auto Manufacturers        Trial of Bessarabian
Reap Rich Harvest        Peasants Proceeding
Bondholders Object
To Free Train Rides
(By Lelond Olds, Federated Press)
A profit of $71292,443 turned over
to the millionaire owners of the
Nash Motors Co., in the first half
of 1925 calls attention to the fact
that the Fords are not the only
employers to find a bonanza in
the scientific speeding up of auto
workers. Financial papers figure
this as a return of $24.79 a share.
.But analysis of Nash financial history shows that the owners are
taking at least 266% return on
their investment.
For an original investment of
$100 the owners received one share'
each of preferred and common
stock. Then in 1922 the company
used some of its excess profits to
buy back the preferred stock at
$110. The original investors thus
got their holdings in common stock
for $10 less than nothing.
The company then proceeded to
give 3 shares of 7% preferred stock
and 5 shares of common stock for
each original share of common.
Thus an original investment of
$100, later more than repaid, was
transformed into 3 shares of preferred each entitled to $3.50 half
year's dividends and 5 shares of
common with half year's.profits of
$24.79 a share.
The owners now have an investment with market value over $2,-
500 for each share of common
stock originally received as a purchasers bonus to preferred stock.
BUCHAREST—-The famous Kis-
henev trial of "The 600" Besser-
abian peasants is getting under
way. The process promises to
last a long time, since there are
to be hundreds of witnesses called
and the trial has to proceed with
the assistance  of interpreters.
The peasants were arrested by
the Roumanian Bratianu government for their share in a Besser-
abian liberation movement which,
i,n September of the last year, centered around Tartarbunar, a city
in the Roumanian occupied section of Besserabia. The trial recalls others of a similar nature.
Six years ago, after the occupation, there was held the trial of
"The 108," which was to have
broken the back of the peasant
liberation movement. It followed
the "voluntary" affiliation of Besserabia to "Roumania after twenty
members of the then independent
Besserabia,n parliament were shot.
Throughout Besserabia, in both
the towns and villages, there is
a strong sympathy for Soviet Russia. Since the occupation, more-
than 1000 peasants and workers
have been shot by the Boyar government. The trial of "The 500"
is the largest of many that have
been held in almost regular succession for more than six years,
and feeling is running high
throughout Besserabia.
Pass this copy On to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
KINDERSLEY, Sask. —Apparently "our railway" is not ours if
we happen to have a desire to
move from one place to another
in search of a job,
Three harvesters, one of whom
hailed from Calgary and two from
Vancouver, B.C., were yanked
from Train No. 10* of the Canadian National Railways at Kjnd-
ersley by a member of the Saskatchewan provincial police and
lodged in jail.
The harvesters wero arraigned
before a J.P. and charged with
beating their way, found guilty,
and sentenced to 16 days in jail.
By that time we will need them
for stooking purposes.
When the workers come to know
their strength and to use it wisely,
they will build houses and live
therein, they will plant vineyards
and eat the fruit-thereof, the Labor question will be settled, and
the working class, emancipated
from the fetters of wage-slavery,
will begin the real work of civilizing and humanizing the race.—
Eugene V. Debs.
HOLYOKE, Mass.—(FP)—The
3,200 employees of Farr Alpaca Co.
have received notice that wages are
cut 10 per cent, and working days
increased from three to four a
week. •
Teachers Opposed
To Platoon System
CHICAGO—(FP)—The platoon
system" of running the public
schools in classroom shifts is having its educational worth investigated by the American Federation
of Teachers. Labor opinion is
badly balled up on the plan, which
has received union indorsement in
some cities and strenuous opposition in- others. Local committees
o'f the Teachers will report on the
system where it is in force and the
federation headquarters in Chicago
will issue the combined findings.
For live readable news' of tho
farmer-labor movement, read THE
Aggressive Policy
For Farmers' Union
SASKATOON, Sask.—"I intend
to carry on the work of the Farmers' Union for the benefit of the
farmers, ahd will endeavor to
adopt an aggressive polioy on
economic lines," is the statement
made by John Stoneman, newly-
elected president ef the Farmers'
Union of Canada, when questioned as to his program for the coming year.
Mr. Stoneman refused to make
any further statement as to his
future policy, but Indicated that
it might be necessary for him to
move from Kis farm into the city,
as the business of the unio.p had
grown so large.
Can Be Relieved
The new  Continental Remedy celled
"LARMALENE" (ltegd.)
Ii a simple, hamlets home treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises in the head, eto. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
affected parts with oomplete and permanent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
Mrs. __. Crowe, of Whltehorse
Road, Oroydpn, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to me at Ventnor
has proved a complete suocess, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noises have ceased.
The action of this new remedy must
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had aome
of the very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say "how very grateful I am,
for my life has undergone an entire
Try one box today, which ean he
forwarded to any address on reeelpt
of money order for $1.00. There is
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LARMALENE
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hat-tings St. W.
HASKIN8   te   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The best makes of bicycles
on easy terms.
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlnga St. B.
Hannah Lund', 824 Birks Bldg., gives
instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.   1213.
Phone Sey. 7137
Dr. W. J. Curry, 301 Dominion!
Red Star Drug Store, Cor. Cordova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tlngs St. E.	
Cordova St. W., few doors west of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window glass.
Hotel Stratford, Gore Ave. and.
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,   surgical,   maternity.     1090   Victoria   Drive.
High.  1.7.
Famous  Cloak   &   Suit  Co.,    618)
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Qranvllle St,
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-2ft  Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co,, 2813 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B. Brummitt, 18-20 Cordova
V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
965 Robson  St.    Sey.  2094.
Pitman Optical House, 615 Hast-
ings West.	
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastings;
Street East.	
St.,   8   large   photos,   11   with  ad.
Extra photo free.	
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hast-
lngs Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. East Sey. 988-672     665 Qranvllle Street   Sey. 9518-1891
15.1 Hastings  Street West Sey.  1870
— IT PAYS — Friday, August 21, 1925
Page Thre.
Russian Dentists Aim      Loafers Not Wanted
To Serve the Workers        At Workers' College
[Hunger Caused French    Streetcar Men Spike
Bank Clerks' Strike     Company Union Bribe
The convention of Soviet state
dentists brought forth not only
technical details, but such statements as "We must serve the
workers. The proletariat is the
background of our practice. Our
hopes lie ln the younger generation of the proletariat. Our forces
are most Inadequate, we must organize to better advantage to
serve all of the people."
The work of state dentists consists not only of dental service to
workers through trade unions, but
educational campaigns, particularly in the schools. For the first
time in Russia children of the
workers are being introduced to
the toothbrush. Mothers are urged
to feed the children raw food—
carrots and greens, to strengthen
the teeth and aid digestion.
At present a large percentage
of dental work is done by private
doctors. State dental work was
organized only two years ago and
the force is still small.
Many German Workers
Suffer Unemployment
BERLIN.—Germany under the
Dawes pla,t_ is no heaven for the
working class, as may be seen by
the estimates of the labor ministry that by October 1 there will
be 700,000 registered unemployed
in Germany. The number is growing every week.
At present there are 600,000
unemployed, while still another
600,000 are working two days a
week, which ls nearly the same
result as far as income is concerned.
Notices have been sent to 40,000
textile workers at Munchen-Glad-
bach that they must accept heavy
wage cuts beginning on August
25 or be discharged entirely.
Employers claim that banking
interests charge such exorbitant
Interost for financing production
that profits are made impossible.
So they seek to pass it all on to*
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—A strong back as
well as a mind ls needed at a, labor
college in the Ozark Mountains,
according to its executive secretary
who has hitch-hiked to New York
from Commonwealth College,
Mena, Ark.
Everyone has to work four hours
a day, with pick and shovel, hammer and nails, paint brush and
trowel and electrical appliances as
part of his course at the College.
The members of the faculty have
to do their bit with the students.
The big Job this winter is to finish the temporary educational
buildings, mess hall, library, boys'
and girls' dormitories, and get a
good start on the permanent structures.
The 15 members of the'faculty
include a varied assortment of industrial experts, who can look after the body as well as the brain.
The teacher of history and law Is
a trained business manager; the
teacher of mathematics is a union
linotype operator, and will publish
the' school paper and conduct all
printing activities; the teacher of
science and statistics is a civil engineer; and the architect who is
designing the school.buildings; and
the Chair of History and Economics Is held by a tool maker and
machinist. The other teachers are
experienced stock raisers, horticulturists, and farmers.
In certain districts of Czechoslovakia the miner's families are
(By Federated Press) (By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—The strike of 20,- WASHINGTON. — Decision ' by
badly undernourished, with the re- 000 bank clerks In Paris, Cher- the general, executive board of the
suit that there has been a rapid bourg, NImes, and other widely Amalgamated Association of Street
increase ln illness, particularly separated cities of France ls indi- and Electrio Railway Employees
among women and children; in the catlve of the increasing difficulty to demand in all wage contracts
children especially a frightful of the workers of France to make henceforth that the employing
physical degeneration is already to -both ends meet," says Hays Jones, company provide death and aocl-
be observed. In all districts the Federated Press correspondent vis- dent insurance and old age dis-
miners are in a very wretched itlng in New York from France, ability benefits, without oost, haa
plight; it is no longer unusual for "Discontent has been brewing been made public by the execu-
mlners on short time work—quite among the bank clerks for a long tive council of the American Fed-
young men—to go begging during time, and recent increases in taxes eration of Labor with its tacit
their free-time ln order to keep and living costs coupled with the endorsement,
body and soul together. diminishing   value   of   the   franc     The street car men have been
  have been observed more keenly studying welfare schemes for the
RUSSIA by tnem than by other workers In past year, and have determined
The central government of the the country. that the "inclusion of the ordinary
U. S. S. R. has ratified a ship- "I have talked with French bank insuranoe and retirement benefits
building program for the coming clerks," says Jones, "and have* heen should be accepted in all future
three years, according to which surprised at the low wage they re- contraots as a right of the em-
two hundred and seven vessels, for ceive. In several provincial banks ployees. In this way they will
a total sum of 191,726,000 roubles, affected by this strike, clerks have remove the , temptation of street
are to be* constructed in'the ship- told me that they received 20 car workers to trade their union
building works of the U. S. S. R. francs a day. The Paris scale is affiliation for promises of a com-
only an insignificant part to be slightly higher, clerks occasionally pany pension or for a company
ordered abroad.   The work will be- receiving as much as 1000 francs union.
gin within this current year. a month, $50 ln American money  -it-* ——-—
 1  at the present exchange rate.;
FRANCE "A long series of strikes and in-
Certain sections of Paris, espe- dustrial disturbances is bound to
cially the public squares and streets follow the recent piling up of liv-
close  to  the  banking area,  have ing costs and taxes.   I expect that
taken   on   a  warlike  appearance, other workers will follow the bank
Latest Injunction
Beats Predecessors
(By Federated Press)
Steel  helmeted  municipal guards,  clerks' action.    Their strikes will   rec^nt^Jw Y^icllbw""0"0"3 '"
mounted  police and mounted  re-  be more, effective and orderly be*
publican  guards  in  war  kits  are  cause    organization    is    stronger
CHICAGO—(F.P.)—The patternmakers expect a favorable
break in the next few days in their
fight to unionize a dozen open
shops in Chicago. The large number of members at work ln union
shops enables the Patternmakers
Association to pay its 60 striking
members full union wages as strike
American Federation
Remains Nonpartisan
WASHINGTON.—Getting ready
to take a hand ln the political
campaign of next year, the executive council of the American Federation of Labor, in quarterly
session i,p Washington, once more
declares third-party movements to
be wasteful of the energies of the
workers, and calls for a general
attack , under the nonpartisan
banner, upon the strongholds of
That third - party movement,
headed by Wm. H. Johnston of
the Machinists, ls. dead beyond
resurrection, the council members
are sure; They find ln their report from labor organizers
throughout the country no sign
of interest in an independent progressive movement. Old party
leaders will be prepared, therefore, to begin bidding in October
for A. F. of L. .support-for their
senatorial and congressional candidates for next year.
keeping up a patrol trying to disperse crowds of* bank clerks who
have been on a strike for two
among the mechanical workers.
President  Von  Hindenberg  has
begun his expected policy of vlol-
Anthracite Deadlock
Brings Strike Near
 hist.ry are
outdone by the amazing decree
issued by Supreme Con*.. Judge
Churchill, against'the Ama'-amat-
ed Clothing Workers' Unio:' in its
strike against the International
Tailoring Co., which is the New
York half of J. J; Tailor & Co., of
Chicago, where a stern fight is also being waged. The writ not only forbids * "picketing in any man-.
(By Federated Press.)
     ATLANTIC   CITY,   N    J.—Con- ii^^_^^^___!_	
ence against the Communists, caus-  ferences between the United Mine ner whatsoever," but bans congre-
ing  five  of  their  deputies to  be Workers'     union     representatives gating of strikers within  11  city
forcibly ejected from the reichstag  and anthracite coal operators are blocks of the plant,
chamber,  and   throwing  a  strong  broken off, possibly for good, pos-      Judge  Churchill's  injunction   is
police guard around the reichstag  slbly until one side or the other flrst &\_ to the1 firm, following a
building. is  ready  to   call  the  conferences second walkout which stripped the
  into being again for further nego- piant of most ofthe strikebreakers
RRITAIN tiations on the new contract. The imported since the original walkout.
There was an aggregate reduc-   possibility of an anthracite strike seven weeks ago.   In reply the un-
tlon May 1925   (in the industries   September 1 is brought closer. |0n   announces   it   will   keep   the -
for which statistics are regularly      Operators  refuse  to   grant  the strike flag flying in New York as
available), of £16,400 in the weekly  increased wages and checkoff de- in Chicago,  where success is ap-
full time wages of over  500,000,  manded by the workers. The un- proaching.
and an aggregate increase of £3,-  ion   officials   refuse   to   continue ——	
350 in the weekly wages of-36,000  negotiations  In  view   of this   re- n,mnrt_»#_   Bii'f fftmnanw
work people. buff, and will not accept the ar- Veporiea,JB^ company
bltration   proposed   by   operators, RefUSeS  Him  PaSSafifC
claiming that the union has lost ———
A strike of thousands of Indian too much before by allowing their
cotton   mill   workers   is   expected  demands to g0 to arbitration,
when wage cuts of 11% per cent. ■	
become effective as posted for
Sept 11, the assistant trade commissioner at Bombay has cabled.
a marine worker held in San
Francisco since December for deportation, is awaiting transport to
New Zealand.    A ship on which
Stay at the
The Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly Furnished
(0 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
18 Chinese Students
Ousted From France
On June 17,  1925, an Austrian
Colonization  Society" was formed
MOSCOW. — Eighteen Chinese
students who were deported from
France for participating in dem->
onstrations of "solidarity ln favor
of the national revolutionary
movement in China, have arrived
in Moscow on their way to China.
They addressed a letter of greeting to the Russian students in
which they thanked the latter for
their solidarity with the struggle
for freedom of the Chinese people.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
*" steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Union Labor Protests
Military Competition he was scheduled to leave refused
  to accept a deportee as a passen-
(By Our Prairie Correspondent.) eert an.d O'Hara is still waiting in
v*._»____-_«_-_  m^,     ™D  -,-      SASKATOON.—Local   musicians Prison for a chance to get home.
in Vienna, the aims of which are  are   protesting  vigorously  against «»  or'me  ls  membership  in   the
to  study  foreign  territories   suit- military bands  competing asains. Mi"e   Transport   Workers'   Union.
able for Austrian colonization and  union players. and  Presence  in  Its headquarters
to keep in touch with emigrants. At last meeting  of  the  Sa-.ka-  ™e" araldLwas ,staged Iast wIn"
.        m   j,          _,   x  i.      .,       ii   ter °y San Franc seo detectives.
  toon   Trades   and   Labor   Ojuncil. u™°'
SUMATRA Musicians'   delegates   raised   thia
.Owing to the scanty population question, and pointed out tt-at the MBRARY EMPLOYEES
of Northern Sumatra, it is neces- Prtnoess  Pats'  band,  attached   to SEEK WAGE INCREASE
sary to import laborers from Java the   regular   military   forces,   was      NEW YORK—(FP) New York
and China to operate the Europe- playing western fairs in co v,petl- public library workers are asking
an estates in the Medan district. tion   with   union   civilian   band., for   $400   a   year   wage   increase
 '  The council ordered a protest sent through the Library Staff associa-
MEXICO to the Minister of Mllltla and De- tlon and  the Library Employees'
Large numbers of farm laborers fence. union.   More than one-fifth of th**
are reported as continuing to leave      The counon-s treasurer was cen- blS city's  library  workers  resign
the   Guadalajara   district  for   the sured {or h)8  careiessness in  not yearly because bf poor pay.   Their
United States. ascertaining whether he was hir- earnings may be as low as J 70 a
,   .  ™     . ■ .■.. ■      ~ - ing a union band when he engag- month.
CENTRAL COUNCIL TO ed a non-union orchestra to play 	
AID MINERS IN FIGHT at two dances he had promoted STRIKING STREET CAR
SCRANTON, Pa. — Scranton's durln& exhibition week. MEN GET ARRESTED
Central Labor union is o,n record "~"~ NEW YORK—(FP)—Five of
with its pledge of support to the* HODCARRIERS STRIKE the 25 motormen striking on the
United. Mine Workers, of. America BRIDGEPORT, ■ Conn. — About Queens street-cars'because of the
in case':a strike in anthracite 5..0 union hodcarriers and bulldln demotion of an old superintendent
-fields-is- undertaken. Scranton Is laborers will strike if the Master have been arrested. The strikers
In the heart of the anthrtdite re-' Builder's Association does not voted to affiliate with the Amal-
glon. The central body is send- grant a uniform minimum waga gamated Association of Street (ind
Ing $50 to the striking thread; rate of 6Bc an hour and recognl- Electric Railway Employees, de-
workers of Willlmaritlc through"".ieiji' 'of the union. New Haven manding an 8-hour day, retention
Cecelia St. John, who i presented .members, of the .union jire still of seniority and increase from 52a
the strikers' case. striking. to 10c an hour. Page Pour
—**•***—***\ «i.i,'.<.ii«i i ,
.Friday-, August 21, 1925
Address  All Letters  ajnd
Remittances to the Editor
1189 Howe Stl-ket, Vancouver, B.C.
 M »■ » ii i nmmnmm——iitmmummsmmmm«iuii1 n mi i
:; Capitalism's ::
Wee1$y Pageant
believe the stories told of them,
must be infinitely more active than
even the Christian's Devil, who
formerly held tl* palm. Thpy
have made < the Chinese object to
working 14 hours for 20 eents, they
are stirring up riots in India, they
are aiding the Riffs to obtain freedom in Morocco, they put a "bug
in the lug". of the Britiah miners
making them object to violating
the trade,union principle of not
performing* two Jobs-^-worktag and
starving—at the same time, And
now contes word that they so engineered the threatened coal strike
in Brit«ln that Zinoviev was going to cause Franoe (today a eoal
exporting country) to run short of
fuel, and make her purchase coal
front Russia (which is not a ooal
exporting country). But: .Stanley
Baldwin frusrated their plans and
saved hie oountry by subsidizing
the mine owners... How clever of
*   *   »
BARON BYNG .actually helped to
•° hail a leaking boat in 'the
North. Of course the noble gentleman was in-the boat, and -doubtless the prospect that lt might sink
added .zest to hit) efforts. * He did
several other*.things white on his
Northern trip.* For instance he
was up, dressed, and had breakfast one; morning before 5 o'clock
—a truly notable event,—he perambulated a . dock ln his shirt
sleeves, and'he spoke to a-common
wood chopper. All this democratic news was contained in a recent
issue of the daily press. , Apparently it is regarded as matters of
-THE WORKER'S TROUBLES, thii daily lire* %fottns' us,
., are "entirely due to (the distribution of _ttai.iruits>io_. production. There has not been enough- ta go found; and a tendency, on both sides to fight,for.M..uncbie tshare.",,In.passing,
it may be pointed out tbat ithei,w»rkernc*_t____<Jt Mk "-for an
undue share." His brain and ftiuscleJpro*dticed,it '_dl; therefore.it should all be his, and thaeapitaliat didn.*t."ask," for
a share—he. took it all. : UnqueationaWy troubles arise fr<.m
unequal distribution, but what does^uttfe-jual distfibtttion arise
from? That point is not...mentioned,, and for,, very .gaw
reasons. To do so would bento unveil the-phttogophy of robbery. The tools of prt.difi.tion, which afe Socially operated,
are individually owned, and • the .product of the "worker's toil
is not his, but ,tha, private, property. of 5hi|» employer.: If he
attempted to take it;.h'e*!Wo!ttld ibe-jailed.> For the working
class it is not a' probllfePoif distribution, ._*.'_ Ijtiestidn fii
ownership. The.,trickery and ,suht)P*t*f--i«ea'',P«»et*i<s»d -.by the
.ruling, class 'among; themselves are "«f "<no*-BM>m**nt "to th*
worker, except insofar as he is'made a pawn'in ithe game*!"
ss* . ..■,,,
T ABOR'S PR0DU0TWITY *is the marvel-of the age, and
what rank hypocrisy'to say "there has Mot been, enough to
go round." Before ^he-ad-«int of mBohinery, wholesale -starvation, as it exists today, was unknown,' arid,.what strides")n
productive progress * have.; been. made within the. last two
hundred years! During ithe last War the' working1 -claBB produced, not only sufficient •foi' their own needs, 1)ut thottsanclli
of tons of their products were strewn on the • ocean*'* bottom,
while thousands more . w«r.e. .blasted ■ to "atoms * on the* *batti«-
fields. They, supplied the wants of millions of soldiers eM.
gaged in destruction, made the implements of war, and still
had sufficient surplus left to feed and.-elo-the ar-band o£ idle
drones; Today there is no-shortage of anything%-ettfiii.ea :Hf
man. The stores and Warehouses are bursting, with everything mankind needs for his su_.tenan«e, while millions of
men and women are begging for an -opptfrtt____ty'[*to "pirodfi'e
more. We have produced, not too little, blit too much, fciil
it is the private property of. _i, ruling and .owning class. Today
our task is to get possession of it.
The Fir gt Time in History
 (Centlnued From Last Issue)
t flTHB my in * whicb the 'Russian
v-*-* people have handled the farm-
■lag sit-uaMen deserved mwiApn, for
more or less-.-every couhtry in the
•world *ha» stmte difficulty in this
regard.; bat unfortunately, the
'problem is not' -treated seriously
of government railroads and warehouses, the elimination of the middlemen class, tlie increase of government industries and peasants'
co-operatives through which the
farmers can obtain their goods.
(To  Be Continued)
r\EAN CLEMENT in a reeent ad-
dress, pleaded for assistance to
the farmer.  The farmer does not RELIGION, as usual, is dragged, by the scruff tif the neck,
need  assistance.-   "What  he dots '
need ls people to keep their "hands
out of his pockets. He ls well able
to raise bis own ■standards if he
ls given an opportunity, but would
he grateful to-be-relieved from the
attentions of such corporations as
the Nash: * Combine.'
» • •
<T-HE POMCEMAN who shot the
striking miner in Nova Sootla
and killed him ls under arrest oa a
charge of murder. Well here's
hoping, even although-We may be
doubtful as to the outcome. The
one who killed "Ginger Goodwin"
Is now hiring men for members of
the Loggers' Association.
TVTEWS. head in the dally press:
^ "Victoria Gets New Mounted
Police Head." Good for Victoria!
That isn't a bad start at all. Noth-
is said as to whether a bounty Is
being paid.
*   * . •
^ by the Christian Science Monitor to be a "challenge to.Christianity." These laws, include: "Ne employment of children under the age
of 12," "One day's rest in 7,"
"Safeguards on machinery". Thus
we discover that the fourth commandment has become a misfit,
and tn the interests of Christianity
a Chinaman -should - work seven
days a week.
BALTIMORE—:(F P) — Mayor
Jackson of Baltimore refuses tb
treat with the union offififals "of
the. 3,000 building trades workers
on strike pn city work for better
conditions and pay. Strikebreakers are hard to find for the '$$,'«
000,000 construction work tied up,
**■■■ into this question oi social relationships.' Says- The1'Daily
Province: "The mistake of the .Communist is that he not-only
says to the capitalist, .You shall not own a coal mine,!-to the
landlord, 'You shall not own the land,4 but he also says to
the worker, 'You shall not own.your own. l^ome,. and,thereby
he says in*effect to all three of them, 'You shall not own your
own soul' He-denies the inalienaMe-Tig-Ht of •prtgressive ahd
forceful men of all classes to own any kind of property."
Here iwe have religd»no)bereft of the myatieisms-of the" theologian. "Soul" here becomes property, something a price
tag can be affixed to. The)worker is warned to,cling to his
humble shack, and'guard his only possession—--an alleged sotfl,
but no suggestion is made that he i&ould prot-sttt "She' soul-
casing. Truly did, Aristotle write,. over* two thousand.years
ago: "The ruling class, *eeing its existence threatened, ©lings
to religion as the support of all authority, as every other
ruling class before has done."
.«-' •■•• • ■• '■•
TCQRCEFULIIJEN, according to the abotfe.'have an'^inalreir-*
able right",to property,*,hence, we.presume, .those who
lack force lafek rights. It is a case of "They may take who
have the power; they may; keep, who. can.",; But let aomeon?
in the labor movement .suggest that the titi« deeds,.held -by
the ruling class> are-.backedfhy the armed force of the^tjfte,
and immediately he1 will ife accused of preaching violence.
Recently we were:told .pt a.woman who,..evicted, from her
home at the point of a gun;-gave birth to a child by ihe roadside, as a result of which the 'child' died XS-i -thkr; woman
possessed a force-■equal* "to the paiMniM*%'gt_^'-adei»dirigj'tt>
The Province's dwh .rarguiiietit, she .veoiilti. -ive.had art '"in--
alienable right'' to remain .in the ?house.- Westadl not atteihpt
to dispute the acourtc^^^^coilV^s-Br-lhtirih Km thir. point,
but why not be consistent? If fofeefiil riien have'an "''inalienable-right" to,property,*then the working--class-have an-"in-
alienaWe right" to whatever tBey -have the aWlity *to 4»ke.
Mite rato, and a most important
«e(**M of the -peeplo-those who
produee the newsshies of life—arc-
always on the borderline of star-
•* Perhhps It- Is unthinkable to
compere a peasant community wit i
Wi Up-to-date farming country in
'so advanced a country as America.
And Ifa, -tits irWitat a gnMp of
American farmers had to say after
wortrthglri the famine area of Russia aU summer:
"The Russian .peasant may be
Ignorant and poor and starved at
present, but he has a darned sight
better prospects ahead of him than
nny farmer in the world, once he
gets going." Rather a daring statement when one considers Just what
a combination of almost Mediaeval
ignorance and ' modern misery
means. And yet some of Canada's
farm_ngnoOTi-H_M_n_t.es are bo better situated j tbey may not be called peasants; the may receive such
enlightenment as modern educa-
•Hoft and the capitalist press give;
-and'such-prices for their wheat as
the railway and exchange overloads allow, but -even with all these
__tmv t—*itt lite Is i too often- a sort
of etttnteated slnnv existence with
•tots of upeee aud 4ew near neigh-
In Canada, the government* and
those'whb town1 the government, do
everything possible to make farm-
life undesirable. (Experimental
-farms; and Mich like government
philanthropy don't get the farmer
anywhere). In Russia, on the oth-
—T '_——, tKe -government gives
credit*'-to -the limit of its power;
1t! remits-toJies where necessary, it*
gives '-grain -for-sowing in certain
areas; *nd deals prbmptly and ef •
ffeiently with /the results of unavoidable -natural catastrophes. And
fHKpeasants are devoting their lives,
as "so 'mahy of-their brethren do
in-capitalist -countries, to the purpose of paying' interest.
The most encouraging fact, perhaps, is that ithe land belongs to
those who work on it; the huge es-
tates'ftro the prepetty of the government, but w man is entitled to
Hts holding ** long as he works
H. "It wanineither be sold nor mortgaged wnd ndsfertnne does not deprive the peasant the right of per-
petaal use.- There is a complicated
food ttax which takes into consideration the number of acres, the
slse iof the family and whether the
heme* >h good or bad.
■' And-there ls*a whole-hearted attempt -to improve general condl-
ttolns. * 'Houses of the 'Peasants"
where'Information of farming and
village life,'-and-government is given, have* sprung up all over Russia. In Moscow,' for instance, the
Souse of Peasants has 400 beds,
imany. baths, hospital and disinfection service, library and theatre as
well- lis exhibitions of agricultural
machinery, models of -barns and
tlre-ftghthtg equipment.
As far as farming methods ahd
distribution of products are concerned, each*, village or community
has Sa fnelhaad, bnt the government ertcwurages "large scale cooperative farming by machinery.
Por the-alm of Russia Is the spread,
of co-operative farming, #$ growth
NEW YORK-MFP.— Over half
a million dollars profit for the first
six months Of 19 2 B* is shown by the
big Pacific Mills of Lawrence,
Massi, while wage cuts are to be
enforced in the woolen and worsted departments. Workers in the
print works, color mixers and help-
era'in >the bleach room, are striking against the 1'0 pe* cent. cut.
Wages in the cotton departments
were cut at Pacific Mills last fall
in the general reductions throughout New England and work is all
departments speeded up. Weavers
now attend 72 looms Instead of
half or a third that number formerly.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate • when' i buying.
—Meeti leeond Monday in the montk.
Preildent, J.'R. White; socretsry; R. H.
'NeeUndi,    P. O. Box 88.	
111, 810 Fender St. West. Bntlneie
meeting! let and 3rd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Ohalrman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnli,
8544 Prlnee Edwaitt Street, Vancouvtr,
B.O., Corresponding Seeretary.
Any district in British Columbia It-
siring information re seenring speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Seeretary J. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vanconver, B.C, Telephone- Seymonr
18B_, or Bayvlew 5520.
Meets seeond Thursday every month
in Holden Building.'President, 3. Bright-
well; financial secretary, H. A. Bow-
ron, 781 18th Ave. East.  "
first and third Fridays tn each month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; iecretary*
treasurer, Oeo. Harrison, 1182 Parktr
street. •
—Local 882—Meett every Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; busineu agent
and - flnanolal seoretary, F.' L. Hunt; re-
cording lecretary, J. T. Venn.	
UNION, Local 145. A. F, of M.—
Meets ln G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymonr and
Pender Streets, second Sunday at 10
a.m, President, E. O. Miller, S91 Wei-
son street; secretary, E. A. Jamleson,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or-
cnnlsor,  F.  Fletcher.  991 Nelson stmt.
UNION OF CANADA—Headquartera
at Rooms 5, « and 7, Flack Building,
'168 Hastings Street W., Vancouver, B.O.
Tel. Sey. 8898. President, Robert Thom;
Vice-President, David Glllesplt; See'y
Treasurer, Wm.'H. -Dbnaldson;' Vietoria
Branch, Room 11, Green Block; Broad
Street, Victoria, B.O. Phont 1908.
President. R. P. Pettlplece; vice-president, 0. F. Campbell; lecretary-treai-
urer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 88.
Meets laat Sunday of each month at t
p.m. In Holden Building, 18 Hattlngt E*
UNION. No. 413—President, S, D.
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. M^
Campbell, P.O. Box 889. Meet! latt
Thursday of each month.
Cabor Afcuorate
With Whicli It Incorporated
By tht Lahor Fuhllihtni Oo.
Buiiiui  ud Bdltorial  Offtet,
1129 Howe St.
■-■  m*m**smmtt   -,, ,r»| ^ H.-rn,,
The Canadian Labor Advocate is a non-
factional weekly newspaper, giving newt
of the 1armer-labor I movement in -aetion.
  ■   *       »*"*■ *   -   I ■ Ll,  *       *
Subscription Ratea: United Statei aad
foreign, $2.50 per ytar; Oaaada, $2
per ytar, $1 for ilx months; toealoas
eubicrlblng In a btfdy, 16t ptr lumber 'ptr  montk.
Member Tht Ftltrattd Prtii aad Tkt
British Labor Prm ly, August 21, 1925
Pag* Ww
Orpheum Notes
teal Henry Dubb
Teacher Fired For
Telling the Truth
|(By Rose Henderson)
foal Henry Dubb is still with
though fortunately his
Is dwindling. The modern
girl is giving him serious
It and compelling him to re-
lat he is losing his grip over
taker sex."
at do ye need a woman's
or in a labor paper? There
io woman's side; it always
pn a question for men—not
>men,rt said one of the few
ling Henrys to me recently,
isped, for a moment, but as
ed into his honest face and
appeal, I realized he was
■ing his masters' philosophy
fln't know it.
you really think there is no
!or women interesting them-
in unemployment, slum con-
, war and economic explol-
,0f their children and men-
I asked in a perfectly sub-
t a bit of it," said Henry,
haye tried to remedy these
, and failed. Men have more
than women and are strong-
an women and understand
s and Industry better than
it. How, then can* women
to change things?"
it men andi women working
fer might," I suggested.
a*,*" said Henry. "Women's
6* is the home; God created
fter matt, not: before, there-
Ihe can never govern. God
Tature have handicapped her
ftre can't fly in the face of
tnd Nature."
fcry incidentally confided to
hat he wasn't married; said
uldn't support a wife as ho
leen out of a Job more or
nee the end of the war. He
bned that he was the oldest
a widow ed mother left with
' small  children  in an  Eng-
'}. Tlie Orpheum presents a seven-
act bill commencing matinee
Thursday, August 2.7. 'Herbert'
-Williams, vaudeville's favorite
Replace Union Labor buffooin, brings the house dawi},
         """•-;      with his antics in "Soup to Nuts.**
Women and Machines
AP8TI0OTB -and -JUWfcillh
Phont Bof. 1070
MS'Bieliarti Strttt; Vtttottvtt. B.O.
(By Federated Press) .
NEW YORK—Dismissal of Benjamin Glassberg for conduct- unbecoming a teacher in 1919 is upheld after six years' consideration
by the state board of eduoation. -
The New York Teachers' Union
has been active throughout the
period in fighting for Glassberg's
reinstatement. The American Legion protested. Frank D. Dilbert,
acting commissioner of education,
handed down the decision which
bars Glassberg from again teaching in New York schools.
Glassberg was accused of making statements which caused his
"pupils to receive and retain sentiments Of disloyalty to and disrespect for and contempt of the constituted authorities of the national government in time of war, and
of the board of education of the
city of New York." Specifically,
Glassberg was charged with stating to his classes that the United
States government was systematically suppressing true reports about
Russia and the Soviet government
and that he, Glassberg, as a teacher, could not tell the truth to his
.(By Federated:Press).-.*.
BOSTON—The gradual passing
of the' hand work cigarmaker and
his displacement by the machine
process was emphasized ln the keynote address delivered by President
G. W. Perkins at the twenty-fifth
annual convention of the Clgarmakers' International Union. Since
the last convention, two years ago,
the number of workers making cigars by the out and out hand method has fallen to 7,817 from 13,305
Ted and Kathryn Andrews present one of vaudeville's most lovely dance' acts. Olga Steek is a
charming little prima donna who
recently burst into ptardom in
musical comedy.- Chas. Chase,
formerly of the "Follies," Is a
comedian, dancor, fire-eater and
Paul Kirkland and his company
offer something entirely different
and original in a sketch called
"The High Stepper." The Three-
and-a-Half Arleys are most-unusual perch balancers and acrobats.
Special!* in Trusts forlftn, Wo*ta,
ouidrtB -maty* -ttmta    ,
. 0. E.  HEARD
Pkont Sty. SIM
050 notion Strttt, Vancoavtr, B.O.
28 Yeara  Establitktd in TMttkvt*
a decrease of 5,488 ln two years.
The union's strength is with the Another aet that will bring rounds
men  cigar  workers  and  ln  the 0f applause, a fable by Aesop ed***
Vancouver Turkish Mm
Will  Out  Tour  BMUMttin;  lam-
bago, KtoiitU tr B* OsM.
nt BMtiBfi at. w. »_»•«•*. *»w
***mrr**w*m*T *
Patronize Our Advertisers
Pass this  copy to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
smaller shops; its weakness with
the women workers and the trust
plants. There are 13,863 union
men in the trades In the United
States and Porto Rico, out of a
total of 32,198, whereas only 3,-
236 women carry cards in the international union out of a total
of 51,198.
The 221 Tobacco Trust plants
employ a total of ,46,98V clgarmakers and packers, 7,178 men and
39,809 women, all non union. There
are altogether a total of 3,140 non
, union establishments'and 7,180 union establishments, but of the union shops nearly half are one-man
plants, employing the manufacturer alone.
titled "Deep Stuff," and the customary orchestra concert, complete this thrilling bill.
Next Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday the great picture
"Greed" is at the Orpheum, starting 2:30 and 8:30 each-day.
MENA, Ark.—(FP)—With the
library and the dinning hall nearing completion and a variety-of
crops under cultivation, Commonwealth-College will open its third
academic year, Sept.21. -It has an
enrollment of about 60 young folks
who will earn their living expenses,
Pinal Olearanca PriWitn
All Suttmety' thameflts
At "Famous"
NOW ia  the time'to #ick**p-^
the rao»t  wonderful - Ink-fatal
of the season—prices are »4u.y4 .
without   reserve   to   ensure   et)
plete   clearance.     BIO   SAVINS
NOW, at ' fe'
Famous 'a
CLOAK and SUET, GO.t* __dd.
610-683 HMtiagt Attest Waft
lish piining town. His mother had
reared and educated her seven
children through her own efforts
and at present was supporting herself and two younger ones.
Yet Henry, who couldn't support
himself much leas a family, could
not see very far out of the jungle.
And the Henrys are not alone;
there are Sister Dubbs who likewise block the road' to freedom.
Let us tell them the truth for
freedom's sake!
Women's Auxiliary
Aids Rail Bosses
.M   .BI   ILJ   11.
Dr. W. J.
I estimated that in this couri-
we waste 500 per cent, more
r'than any other country.
\ a good proportion of this
<3 waste of overeating by
I people clog their whole
\b, use a vast amount of
i that should go to other
i' and from which a large
rtion of people die.
jn't talk about death
(a calory is a unit of heat and
food value). Most people, either
through force of habit or because
they have nothing more interesting to do, eat twice as much' food
as they require. A,nd", to quote
from an authority on the subject,
"any food eaten beyond what th?
system requires for its energy, its
Only growth or its repair, is fattening,
from or irritating, or both."
From   the   following  table  you
The anti-union Pennsylvania
railroad is awake to the value of
women's support, and is encouraging - women's auxiliary to aid its
.company "union"* ;
The auxiliary ls in careful hands,
as is the eompany "union". The
former Is officered *V wives of
chief executives of the oompany.
Membership in the auxiliary consists mainly of women employees
and the wives, daughters, mothers
and sisters of men employees. The
railroad management makes a special publlo announcement of the
work of the* auxiliary, which consists of visiting families. "Assistance was'given,'where needed" it Is
The wife of one of the railroad's
Vice-presidents, who is an officer
of the auxiliary, is quqoted: "This
is '6Ur railroad' as much as it is
the railroad Of our husbands. We
are all Interested in it."
The auxiliary has a membership
of 184,766. This Is a gain during
the year of -67,743 members, or
58 per cent.
[ting;   we   politely   mention
the disease to which over- can calculate how many calories
r*. gave rise in our near or you use per day, and by multiplj'*
1 anoestors, relatives and ing your weight by the number of
3i calories  per  pound   (between   15
average    person    requires and 20, according to the amount
15 to 20 calories per day of work you do), you ca,n reckon
,ch pound* he or she weighs how many you should use.
ige, carrots, cauliflower, to-
natoes,   squash   .*.    One  pound  equals 100 calories
! Women in Industry
Show No Increase
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
/TAN I continue to. pay for this space and so help eustaln
*■*• The  Labor Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer* this question:
Who ls more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through Ignorance qr
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to breajc
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents? :''
U INCORPORATED  ^ a?» MAV  1070 •% *V   ^-PHp-P-^
2000 Pairs in a Special .Selling Event at, Pair
oes     Medium
i peas
taber and lettuce   1%
In a. pamphlet entitled "Facts
About Working Women," issued
by the United States Women's Bureau, It is shown that during the
period 1910-1920 there was practically no increase in the number
of women employed in manufacturing and mechanical industries.
The figures are taken from the
United States census.
In 1910 the women thus employed totalled 1,820,570, or 22.5
per cent, of the 8,075,772 over
10 years' of age ehgaged in gainful occupations.
In 1920 the number of women
employed in manufacturing and
mechanical' indltstries was 1,930,-
341;.. or 22I6 tfer cent, of the grand
total. 'This-ft but an Increase of
(Sine-tenth of 1 per cent; over
1910. .**.."
The lart-ssf jraW in the tO-year
period was'ift clerical occupations.
In 1*910 the 'number was 598.224,
or .T.3'.t>'er cent, ef the'total.' In
1*2Q'[the number'rhdreased to 1,-
itB,litj,".r-tai percent.
ThB Wittber ehfcaged In'domes-
lid ' atiij'- 'Personal service declined
equal —100 .calories   from, ?j,]5Sl,22i, or1 8-8 per cent.
equals ............100 calories   in 1910,, to 2,186,924, or 26.6 per
slice equals 100 calories   cent., ip 1920.
one equals 100 calories
equal 100 calories
equal :...100 calories
equal 100 calories
equal 100 calories
equal 100 calories
equal ,100 calories
equal -100 calories
equals 100 calories
equal .;...-......:100 calories
equal ,,....:.......10*0 calories
large equals ....100 calories.
oz.    equals .100 calories
glass equals 100 calqrles
cubes equal 100 calories
equal 100 calories
equal 100 calories
cup   equals I..100 calories
equal 100 calories.
FOOTWEAR of style and quality for student, business girl, school miss and matron.
—There is a great difference in the merits of the lasts
on which shoes are made. f
—The shoes in this sale are the result .of A* special -purchase of leather from the reliable shoe house of Myles
Shoe Co., Toronto, a firm .renowned for the high quality
of materials used in the making of their footwear.
—They were made to our order, in new Pall styles, for
dress and street wear.
—Selection includes new Autunn. "shades in' tail' calf,
briar, Indian, tan, harvest brown, national; 'grey,*black
calf and black kid.
---Sizes *\y_ to 8, and*^d%.M^o';J!.<
—There are many other styles from which tor ehooie
besides these shown-_-a glance at oiir Granville Street
Window Display, and a visit to th$ ;sh_je section, 2nd
. floor, will disclose that.   All one price— Page Six
Friday, August 21
nl V ill iii
ith the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
G.  V.  A.—Question:    Has  the
boss any right to deduct a part of
Confessions of a Firefigl
Pender Harbor Fire, Saginaw Lake Pron-j
(By One of Pattullo's Own.)
-THE crew of the S. S. Canadian
Prospector, which left Vancouver in May 1925, have been
victimized in the usual style of the
6.Q. M. M. Ltd. The men (sailors ahd firemen) signed articles
for sixty dollars a month, but when
the vessel reached Montreal the
meh's wages were cut to fifty dollars a. month. The food and supplies were as could be expected on
my salary for a debt I owe? When. -w+AGES    26    cents    per    hour.
I drew my last pay I found that   W Transp6rtatton   free   (includ-
„ATA $-_\  °aJ)em deducted *° »fty ing meals on the boat, if you kick
flculty in SPCuring crews for the  a bill I owed -^ enough)      Qrub   (m)t fobd)
wages that are being paid aboard      Answer:   The boss certainly had furnlshedi    Some pseudo bianket()
them. no right to deduct a part of your •furnjBjle(j
'  ~ wases or Balary t0 pay on a biU      On August ifod the writer and
was that he wielded a
can-opener. After severs
existing out of cans we gotj
fessional "mulligan mixer*
hailed from the sound ,
"Bow Bells," and Who had j
Whitechapel   disgust   of
Several  members  of  The  Sea-  owing by you, but of course if you   19 ^     vloti        h h  nesB>    The  menu  from tl;
farers' Union were employed on
the "Barge Drumrock" at the request of the skipper, who was dissatisfied with some men who were
not capable and were not union
owe the money the person or firm
you owe it to could garinshee your
wages and then the boss would
have to keep it out and this would
add a lot of costs. However, strictly speaking, the boss had no right
to deduct the money from your sal-
The amalgamation proposals of ary or wages.
the Federated Seafarers' Union will
be submitted to the membership      Header—Question:    I have the
any of the Canadian Government   "      ~",.Z      ;_ *»<"""»""*      __*aue_—vjues-ion:    i _.,
Merchant   Marine   vessels,   where  tor,^r.°\Ai bfifore »* ««'Pub_tohed  chnnce of a better job lf I
Merchant Marine vessels, where
unlimited graft must be their sole
purpose,-considering the way that
the crews.are continually starved
and, exist under filthy conditions.
All of the crew were dissatisfied
and. left the ship with the exception
. »J,oji_e fireman, of course the wages
being cut is the main point. The
"Prospector" signed articles for a
long voyage, but had a clause Inserted which states that the men
shall be discharged at any port in
the Dominion of Canada. Therefor those that have wives and families, are the greatest sufferers by
theee unscrupulous tactics of the
C./G. M. M.
Considerable activity has been
shown on the waterfront since the
last issue of the "Advocate" which
in the "Advocate".
the  Powell  street  branch of the consisted of baker's bread
Government  Employment  Service ed mulligan and the lntestj
to   fight   fire  at  Pender  Harbor, cans.
arriving  at  Pender  Harbor  at   3      The camp, built on floatj
P.m. of the same day. ated on Saginaw Lake, wa
Just in passing it is worthy of cord  with the  best tradltl]
notice that during the months of haywiredom.    No wash roq
June and July all firefighters for bathroom,    well-ventilated
the provincial government, forest and roofs, etc.
hranch, were shipped through the "Jippo" Strictures
can K° Loggers'   Association   employment
to It at once.   I am paid every two offIoe<    Evldentjy   the   provlnoial
weeks  in  my  present job,  what
Our  foreman  was an  ei
logger, named D. McDonald
The "Empress" ships are still on   not,ce do I have to give an<? if I £T7vS TtS oTlon Tt 2  M °' *****"' ^
_, „nr*t* ii.*  „# *«._. v*a .-*   .._..___.__.__ ______    _. „ __!._,__.  got a very  n«n   opinion  of the D0naia suffered from all
the unfair list  of the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada
Letters of Interest to the members of the union, have been received from .Herb Doyle of the
"Whaler White" and Jack Constantino, who ls ln the Old Country, you quit without a proper notice
complaining of the conditions on  you are not entitled to any pay-
quit without notice am I entitled
to any pay for the time I have
Answer: The question of notice
is always a difficult one to answer
but roughly speaking you would
have to give two weeks notice.   If
'service" rendered by the Proven-  poV,   complexes   and  inhlfl
cial Government Employment of- including a complete ignoral
the   nature   and   structure]
Wanted—A Cook
the Canadian Government Vessels.
ment for the time you have worked since your last pay.
Members are asked to take out
subscriptions lm support of 'the
labor paper "The Advocate," which
R. E. G.—Question:   Would you 	
 ,_.     .„  please tell me whether we have
publishes the doings of the Sea- have the laws of England in this President Green Hits
men in British Columbia. Province and if there ls a certain
                 law in England, if it would be foi-
\_: !CC0,Unt i°r.min.y__0f _the.!a,_-_  BulfetS Suggested For 1m__^_T We are* not governed
square meal.
With the usual "Forest Branch" This indivldual(MoDonal
inefficiency, the 20 men were ning true to type, attempt
shipped without a cook. When make the bunch travel ti
we arrived i,n camp (of which from work on their own
more anon) one unfortunate indi- However, after some stormy
vidual was conscripted as cook, ments, our good "Liberal"
The best and the worst that could consented to "rob" the gi
be said of his culinary ability ment by paying the bunch
=====z the time they left camp uni
time they returped.
„ . Pattullo's Paternalism
UUt   at   CommiiniStS AU "good things" have ai
ors leaving their ships to seek an
Illusive fortune reaping the harvest. The S. S. Canadian Voyager
and the/ S. S, Canadian Planter
have been trying to secure men to
go on these vessels with their rotten conditions, which makes it very
clear that men will not sail on
Canadian Government Ships, unless there is nothing doing anywhere else.
In Labor Movement JlT* ^^In!^
tempts we were shipped ba
Real Bank Plunderers °y the laws of England, but by our
  own  laws.    The   Provinces  have
each the power to make such laws
as they see fit concerning all civil
matters. Criminal laws come under the jurisdiction of the Federal
Parliament. By a Statute passed
In-this Province it ls declared that
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
(By Federated Press)
CINCINNATI—Commenting on
the offer of Chicago bankers of a
$2,500 reward to their employees
or police if they kill bank bandits
(only $1,000 if the bandit is ar-  |,^7_^__^«to  d!".  ? ^ Amerloa" Pede™tion _ay, "s"ome"time"iate "on * Mon"
Vancouver,  arriving  on  Sad
night.    Many of the bm_ch|
not only sadly bent but flat:
WASHINGTON-Likening   com- but   ,„   ,lne , with   the   con
munism in America to   the   boll tlon a siave U8uaiiy gets, nd
weevil in the cotton fields-"both vlslon waB made by the gl
are Importations and  equally in- ment to  feed or shelter it)
jurious"—William    Green,    presi-
ployees until they could gen
rested and convicted). The Railway then the Engllsh.law as ,t   °f Labor, has opened  direct war early on TueBday.
There is a demand for "scabs"
to man the Empress Ships of the
C. P. Deep-Sea service to the Orient, where tHe Chinese seem to be
able to hold out against the shipowners. The Shipping Office at
Vancouver had a list of men wanted for the Empress of Australia.
The smaller vessels on the waterfront are having considerable dif-
_.'...,    OOUBTESY
76 Hastings East
. Ltt* 8«h Bstt snd 72nd Batt.
hood, says
"How much greater would be
the opportunity of annexing one of
these  $2,500 prizes if clerks and
cops were paid* for the killing of J££ ^pf^e'ofthem.
hank   presidents   or   other  Inside
operators  in  the  act  of  getting
away with the funds.
"In 1924 more than $7,000,000
was stolen from banks in the United States by bank officials and employees—inside workers. In the
same period less than  $2,000,000
1858, shall be in force in this Province, but this does not mean that
any of our laws are made in England, but rather that we have seen
Sometimes Chickens
Come Home to Roost
warning to Negro trade unionists
against attendance att he American Negro Labor Congress summoned to meet in Chicago on Oct.
26. He says that the proposed
congress is called by the Workers
Party, and that its originators
"conduct a number of communist
organizations with interlocking
directorates that work under the
direction of Moscow."
Green indicts the Negro Labor
Congress on two grounds: first, Its
If,   a   la   Vancouver   Pr«|
you  must start a forest
make a job, ln the ,name
an's   God,   don't  start  It
vicinity of Pender Harbor.
of the two unions.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Beceive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
tff^Wfa Mail Order Druggists"
We Make • Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
(By* Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. ■— Bert    Clarke,
was stolen in cash and securities once publicity man for the Logan  communist backing; and
from the United States banks by county (West Virginia)  mine op-  its tendency to arouse race hatred.
outside robbers. erators, and afterward assistant ln      "During the past few days*." he
"To give the employees a fate preparing the Searles articles al- says, "I have received a number
chance to make a little extra leging a Third International con- of letters and telegrams asking if
change, and for the protection of spiracy to destroy the United Mine the A. F. of L. approves this con-
depositors, the reward ought to be Workers and the American gov- gress. The A. F. of L. has not and
paid for each officer-bagged." erpment, has sued District 14, U.   will not approve of such a con-
 —:— M.W.A., and various officers, for   gress.   It will not be held to bene-
HAT MAKERS PUSH LABEL $739 for publicity work. Judgment fit the negro but to instill Into the
NEW TORK—(FP)—Labels of was awarded by default by Judge lives of that race the most perni-
both the United Hatters of America Mary O'Toole in the district, mu- clous doctrine-race hatred
and the Cloth. Hat, Cap and Mil- ™°ipal court. Defendants named Green states that a number of
linery Workers International un- "• the complaint include Percy uniona composed of Negroes have
ion will be pushed throughout the Tetlow and Wm. S. Thompson, been ••deceived Into" sending del-
country by the joint union label President and secretary-treasurer, egates, thinking that the congress
board formed by national officers respectively,   of   District   14,   and   will be made up  of union men,
John L. Lewis and Thos. R. Ken- when in fact lt was called by "men
nedy, executives of. the lnteima- who are not members of trade
tional union. unions or lf they are they do not
 .  attend the unions of which they
are members."
Then he adds the significant
statement: "The organized labor
movement Is expelling communists
as rapidly as they are found out."
This statement by the new president of the Federation, coming
just after the meeting of his executive council preceding the convention over which he will for the
first time preside, ls construted as
Green's personal declaration ol
policy towards the communists
within the American labor field.
If he has hesitated to emphasize
his quarrel with them, he does so
no longer. The Atlantic City convention will mark a renewal of Intensified conflict between conservatives and radicals, the conservatives holding almost unanimous
uower In the convention but openly declaring the danger to existinrr
Institutions with the handful of
communists present.
Unions Are Planned
For South America
Big reductions, splenj
values. Begular prif
$22,50 to $42.50, nov
$15 to $37.1
Oor. .Homer and Haetli
Vanoouver, B.O.
The Pan-American Federation
of Labor is working on plans for
organizing wage earners In the
South American countries. The
movement will take more definite
shape at a conference to be held
on August 27 at the American
Federation of Labor headquarters
at Washington. Announcement of
the plans for organization work
in the southern countries was
made by Santiago Iglesias, Spanish language secretary of the Pan-
America^ Federation, Edward O.
Moneda, general seoretary of the
Mexican Regional Federation of
Labor, ls expected to attend the
August 27 conference.
Send in Tour Subscription Today.
The Original
Logging Bo(
Quiok ImvIn for B-ptlrt]
All Work OoHMtood
Speeial Attention to Moll Orf
H. Harvej
Eitiblltktd In VtMoavor in
68  OORDOVA STREET ly, AiigasJ $, 1925
kers' Education Is
fng Ahead Rapidly
In the British Isles
IDON.—The latest develop-
llp Working class education
tftaln Is that of a special
ftg centre school. This will
(in London from August 1st
lid. Working- class teachers
■sit the training centre from
Jrts of the country and will
special Instruction on the
teaching methods. The tral*n-
Imtre will be under the gen-
fuldance of Professor W. T.
a, who Is a specialist in this
progress of Marxian educa-
linside the trade unions goes
Ird with leaps and bounds.
ng the past month the Asso-
Society of Locomotive En-
j-s and Firemen, the Bury
[District Textile Warehouse-
' the Ogmore Vale Miners and
•Jelson District Weavers' As-
|.ion, have all made arrange-
for   educational   schemes
the auspices of the Nation-
ouncil of labor Colleges,
bring the year 1924-26, 25,000
tnts studied in labor colleges,
Licluding those who took cor-
pndence  courses,  special  lec-
day -classes, week-end or
aer schools.
British "Left Wing" Growing
md Advertises
"No Labor Troubles"
JBLIN, Ireland. — A water-
br mill, suitable for bleaching,
ng, finishing or for artificial
j manufacture,  is  for sale  in
[hern Ireland, and as a special
cement to prospective purlers advertise that:
lhe works are capable of en-
bus  development,   particularly
|rpower and cheap labor.
Vages are as follows: Labor-
is to SOs per week; skilled
32s  to   36s;   beetlers,   36s;
panics and millwrights, 36s to
_\o trade union rateB—no labor
(By Len De Caux, Federated Press)
T ONDON—The organized left
*"' wing of the British trade union movement has a steady growth
to report at the second annual conference of the National Minority
Movement, to be held in London,
August 29-30, with Tom Mann ln
the chair. Not only has the associate membership increased 40 per
cent, since last conference, according to George Hardy, general organizing secretary, but many large
trade union bodies and central
trades councils (Including London
and Glasgow, two of the ..most important in the country) have affiliated. At the first conference of
the Minority Movement last August
270,000 workers were represented;
at the unity conference in January
of this year 600 delegates attended
representing 600,000 workers.
Not Separatist
The National Minority Movement
is the first national organization
of left wing trade union elements
to be formed in Great Britain. Ht
is not a separatist movement and
is fundamentally opposed to splits
in the trade unions aiming "to
build up, strengthen, bring together and unify the existing organizations." Structurally lt is composed of affiliated trade unions,
trades councils and co-operative
organizations on the one hand, and
individual associate members on
the  other.    With  this  structure,
Minority Movement is prepared to
disaffiliate union branches, lf their
continued affiliation should endanger a split, and to carry on its
work through the associate members. Where official opposition to
it ls strongest, as in the National
Union of Railwaymen, it is found
that while union affiliations are
low, the associate membership Is
Class Struggle Organs
The London Trades council,
which recently affiliated to the
Minority Movement, is the central
body representing 62 local trades
councils in the London area, and
is the most important of the many
central labor bodies that have affiliated. One of the main objects
of the movement is to transform
the trades councils into "the leading local organs of the class struggle'1 and it has been largely instrumental in the formation of the
many local councils of action which
have sprung up to cope with the
approaching industrial crisis. Other
tasks are the reorganization of the
trade unions on a factory, basis
("to unite all the workers in the
places where they work Into one
organization"); amalgamation of
existing craft unions into Industrial
unions; concentration of working
class power in the general council
of the Trades Union congress; and
the realization of international
trade union unity.
London Boys Follow
Example of Strikers
LONDON—'Following a successful garment makers' strike ln Stepney in which a mass picket played
a determining part, an amusing Incident has occurred In the same
A shopkeeper, annoyed at a
game of football played ln the
streets outside his premises by a
party of boys, captured the ball
and destroyed it.
Instead.of thus securing peace
he obtained war. The lads formed
themselves into an impromptu "union," and with the aid of a borrowed typewriter issued a "strike call."
They demanded (in a typewritten slip distributed by the hundred
at meetings arranged and Addressed by themselves): (1)A new ball
or the cash value of the old one,
and (2) A public apology for striking a picket.
The shopkeeper's premises were
(much to his annoyance as indicated in the second demand) picketed
—with much tin-canning and clam-
The upshot was a complete victory for the boys—a new ball and
a- public apology from their platform.
!, ;* ;■      [    J     _"'f"*"-
Railway Carman in
Lightning Strike
LONDON. —A lightning strike
of railway carmen employed at
Nine Elms occurred recently because of the refusal of the company to allow a'branch secretary,
whom they had removed to Felt-
ham, facilities to attend to hie
branch business.
The company refused to reinstate the man at Nine Elms, and
the men came out to a man, and
the strike spread to all: the goods
depots In London of the Southern
Railway. ..     ,
An official was sent down .from
Unity House, but he was. refused
a hearing, as his tactics were, .well
OTTAWA, Can. — (FP) —The
260,000 organized workers of Canada constitute 3% of its population,
the Dominion labor department"reports.
"Ill Fares That Land To   Discrimination Brings
Hastening Ills a Prey" Qttick Retribution
)NDON.—On the ground that
led officers In the royal army
leal corps are threatened with
Reduction   of   pensions,   which
itt in' some cases make the
(ions   Ojply   £1   per   day,   the
sh   Medical   Association   has
tied to boycott the service.
te wonder what would happen
lallwaymen  refused   to  trans-
j troops except under the same
pitions,   or miners  refused  to
• coal for the navy unless they
pension of over £1 a day.
pish Gold Buys
Allies in the East
LONDON—A resolution was sent
at the conclusion of a meeting of
the South London Catholic Five
Hundred, to the Lord Chancellor
and to Judge Cluer protesting
against recent references to birth
The wife of an engine driver
stated at Croydon County Court
that she had 14 children to keep.
The Registrar asked if they were
all her husband's.
The woman replied that they
were, whereupon the Registrar observed, "Then he should have
kno'wn better."
A woman carrying a baby attended before the Judge at White-
chapel County Court for arrears of
rent, and, It was stated, pointing
to the child he remarked to the
mother, "That is one of the causes
of your arrears in your arms."
When the woman replied, "Yes, I
have, six little steps at home," the
Judge said, "I am sorry you are
not taught not to have them; lt
Is ruining you and ruining the
LEEDS, Eng.—Two of the women workers at the C.W.S. boot
factory at Leeds recently gave
evidence before the court of arbitration in respect to the rates of
wages paid and were immediately
dismissed. Three ' requests were
made by the workers of the factory for the board of directors to
meet them to discuss the matter,
but failed to get their requests
granted. As a result, 400 workers have ceased work to .enforce
the reinstatement of their comrades. The board of arbitration
has been requested to meet and
take some steps to remedy the
state  of affairs.
LONDON—"We would rather
have fined your employer than
you," said the chairman at Brentford police court when a farm laborer was charged with sleeping
in his van. The man had worked
for two periods of 11 and 9 hours
with only a five hours' interval. In
spite of the chairman's wish, he
made the carman pay a fine of £1.
LONDON—A sub-oommittee of
the London County Council has
recommended reductions in the
wages of London elementary school
teachers amounting to £60,000 this
year and Increasing progressively
to £246,000 a year in five years
time. Secondary school teachers
are to get a small rise.
JNDON.—From a supplemen-
estimate  Issued   recently   It
are that the total sum allo-
by the government for "ser-
ih,  etc.,"  ln  the  Middle  East
breaches £4,926,000.
his Is mainly "for the defence
[Mesopotamia,   Palestine   and
appears from the estimates
King  Faisui is to  have an
£90,000   to   spend   on   his
Arab   Legion   in   Transjor-
oats up most of Its extra
den gets  £40,000,   mainly  for
and ammunition to be is-
i as may be necessary to tribes
Ithe Aden Protectorate for dope - against    external    aggres-
..  the  meantime  there  is  no
hey  for   the  unemployed  and
workers'   wages   must   come
LONDON—"The evidence has revealed a terrible state of overcrowding, 29 persons altogether
having resided in that one house,"
said the North-East London coroner recently at an inquest on
a newly born child'found in the
cupboard of a house at Bethnal
Green. .   ,
HALIFAX, N.S.—The Halifax
Labor Party decided to disband
that organization at a meeting
held here recently and to substitute in its place an Independent
Labor Party.
A heated discussion took place
at the meeting as to which organization it should become part
of, and it was finally decided to
launch a local Independent Labor
British Booze trad*.
EDINBURGH—Presiding at the
annual meeting ln Edinburgh of
the Distillers' Company Ltd., Mr.
William Ross said in no industry
was there more need at present of
close co-operation, even amalgamation if necessary. It was obvious
that there was a very considerable
over-production of whiskey, and
if this were not checked it would
mean a debacle in the trade.
SEALED TENDERS, marked "Tender
for Motor Vehicle Numbor Pitta,"
will be received by the undersigned. op
to noon, Mondty, August Silt, 1926,
for the furnishing of
60,000 ptin    Motor    Vehicle    Number
2,000 pairs   Demonstration Plttei,
1,600 Single    Motor     Cycle    Number
60 Single   Demonstration Motor Cycle
Number Plttei,
1,000 Single Trailer Plata.
All pitta to be manufactured oi fall
pickled  cold rolled annealed iteel,  finished   firat  with  a   primary   boat "tad
then a coat ot belt grade enamel, baked
on at a Ugh temperature with guaranteed  permanent  colon,  whieh will not
crack or peel off.
Blue Prints showing exact aiie of
Platea and all information ta to weight
ot motal, coloring, packing, eto., mty be
had from the Superintendent of Provincial Police, Victoria, B.C., Anlitant Su-
Jierintendent Owen, Provincial Police Oflee, Court Houae, Vancouver, B.C., or
the undersigned.
Simple Plttei must accompany tondor
and contractor will be required to supply additional plates, if tny required,
during the period of contract, tt hit
original tender prioe.
Purchasing Agent.
Parliament Buildings,
Vietoria, B.C., Aug. 12th, 1036.
A fighting labor press can't bo
built by wishing. Send ln yeur
tub today.
WHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Company
Bo this ls the paper you have
Ln' wanting? Prove lt by sup-
f-ting it with your subscription
those of your neighbors and
T ONDON—Lord Birkenhead
-r***' in Dorset speech—
"I have in mind great centers of population—Southampton and others are in my
mind—in which it ls certain
that Russian money is being
spent for the purpose of supporting revolutionary movements in this country,"
Sir W. Joynson-Hlcks in
house of commons—Tlie
Home Seoretary, replying to
Col. Perkins, said "he hat: no
evidence that Russian money
wus helng spent ln Southampton for revolutionary
BOSTON—(FP)—Boston union
workers are pledged to draw attention to the problems and aspirations of the Chinese by a resolution of the Central Labor union
calling upon the government to
bring an economic conference of
the powers to oonsider the Chinese
situation. Labor participation in
such a conference is asked.
workers of the American Thread
Co. mill voted to continue their
strike against wage cuts which
they have already carried on for 21
weeks. Many workers who have
not volutarlly left company houses
have been evicted. Company Agent
Curtis claims that 1,200 strikebreakers are now employed ln the
mill. Strikers assert that less than
100 are at work.
No Drugs Used in Examination
,   ■.   .
-T-HIS advertisement means hlgh-
*■   grade   glasses,   with   a   thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of  all  work   turned
If your eyes a:he, see us.
Bird Eye Service
680 Bobson Street
Phone Sey. 8955 f>ff»$ffe.
Friday, August 21/
rism in Canada
.   /^AiJAl^JAl)f.ie$peoditures on militarism arO Increasing year by year.
■:.. V= Wften, -the war ended ths privates in the Canadian army were
, dlsb4ft4§fl; bu-. th<? generals were not demobilized, and today there
. ate iourteen generals in Canada drawing salaries amounting to $90,-
* 0^9" per annum.
They- are, district by district:
1. General MacBrien $9,000
2. General Ashton     7,500
3. General Panet     7,600
■4. General McNaughton   .. 6,000
6. General McDonnell ... 6,000*
6; General*, King'  6,000
7. General Elmsley •-■- , 6,000
THe-expenses- of the headquarters staff ln 1914 was $95,602,
and'ln lMOit had increased to
$146,66-1. The expenses of the
districts staff was $123,722 in
1914,  a,nd In  1920  lt  was  $161,-
699.    The-two together In  1925 	
am6unt«4.,tp $8,01,POO., The ex- PRAGUE, Czecho-Slovakia—On
penses Qf the permanent force in August 1, In Lem berg, Galicia,
1911 were $1,846,386.    In 1914 it  Poland, In a clash between*,unem.
8. General Bell   $6,000
9. General Ross     6,000
10. General Thacker     6,000
11. General Ketchen     6,000
12. General Ormond     6,000
13. General Armstrong .... 6,000
14. General Landry     6,000
Was   $.2,198,463,   and   in   1924
had Increased,to $5,290,000.
it ployed workers* and the Polish: police troops,. 12, workers were killed a,nd 181 seriously wounded.
The unemployed gathered in < a
great demonstration in the center
Of'the city, to exhibit by their
numbers the widespread suffering
among* the workers in Poland under the White Guard government.
: Mounted police, armed with sabers,   charged   the   crowds.   Here
, .._    ,_.,    .       .   . „   T     . and   there   were  18   unemployed
of thetr..dAHy feaead.^O. Lord, we _,,•,,.„.  „_.„„„ tht,m _nrr,* w-m,
_. _,_■_,*. _* workerB,-among them some wom-
■UttV.  >fP1____.     ■ -_._._._.-,     -_Un      V._._.h_«       nt ' °
(Continued from Page 1)
them the blessings of unionism,
and the sin of depriving union
men and their wives and families
France Not Breaking
With Soviet Russia
(By Federated* Press)
A cable from the Moscow office
to the New Tork office of the
Telegraph Agency of Soviet Socialist Repub'llos (formerly ..Rosta)
M. Herbette, ambassador of
France in Moscow, after consultation with his government, officially Informed the commissariat
of foreign affairs that certain recent radio reports from Paris about
Franco-Soviet i relations are without foundation. .These reports
claimed that the French government intended to obtain clear evidence regarding the nature of the
ties between the Soviet.. government and the Third International
before starting economic negotiations with the Soviet Uniop; also
that France, Great Britain, Belgium, Jtalyand the Jittle entente
would hold a conference in September for the formation of an
anti-SOvlet bloc.
pray* ffbee, -soften* the hearts  of
the mine, owners and protect these
en,   slashed   with* police   sabers,
*..,     . _ , ...      some of whom are critically and
tS^S ll'I P-haps mortally wooded.
thelr.,beartfc*  Let no harm oome
te their--persons, but let the light
In another part of Lemberg, on
of* iwder«t*oding,.and empathy the same day- a crowd of unem-
for the wives and children of Ployed gathered at *a protest meet-
strikihr mi-pers- descend Into their in« in tne street to vo,ce the der
hearts. And this we ask in the mand*that the Polish;government
nMte* <rf-Jeatw*Christ, Who com- relleve thelr hunger and misery,
forted the-Blftvesi,,of,-old. , Amen." were fired, upon by the Polish
; And ith«n,,M,the strikebreakers P°»°e and 12 unemployed work-
pass *hsv- the strikers call out, not ers fel1 dead from repeated vol-
W*KtJlbes.,And:,,jeers* thjit have leys, many. more, receiving bullet
marked' -strike*<—, the past, but W0Und8J
thi call to repenteace: At Warsaw, the capital city of
"God save your-soul,, Jim Poca- Poland' troops and polloe oomb,n-
telii."  ..*■■' ed tn an  attack  upen a  demon-
>'God^l«».jH»_i,,T-^mMurphy/,'. strat*°'»  °<  unemploye4   workers,
Ana -.the -soldiers   polisji   tbeir breaking.It  up   and   arresting   a
rifle*,.a«d.«ftt, the .state- capitol Communist deputy in  the  Polish
Governor Trapp Issues proclama- Parlia«nent,   Prystupa,   who   was
tlo«i;..wftrivUw the miners .against brutally beaten up by the police
vloteaoe. .From- Fort' Sill reinforcements are coming to deal
with vth-s "dangerous situation."
There., have heen .only, two
mlnqr breaches of the peace in
th*'* past "month at Henryetta,
Tbe Praacber's Monopoly
Religious services, the sheriff
states, must be Conducted by regularly, ordained ministers and
must not be used for the purpose
of "annoying a,pd intimidating the
workers In the mines and other
peaceably disposed citizens."
With*/ the ; prayers comes enforced fasting, ominous for the
wives and children of the strik-
after the arrest.
Nearing Finally Gets
Visa From John Bull
CHICAOO.-^While the Federated Press was preparing formal
protest because of the refusal to
grant Its special correspondent,
Scott Nearing, a visa to enter
England, the British government
finally yielded and stamped the
passports. Evidently it was unwilling to raise the issue of a boycott against labor correspondents.
It had taken a month to trans-
era.. The district's" union "treasury act a PassP°rt formality that tfsu-
is depleted. Committees have been ally take8 two ml-nute*- Nearing
to nearby union centers and have wU1 report the Brltish Trades Uri"
6bt%ett'a iittle money and food. lon Coneress and wlu tneP Pr°-
; - Fundamentalist Oklahoma is oeed t0 other EuroPean eountries,
•haken..Why, ehould the state writing about labor developments
jail these people, who fast and for the Federated Press-
pray and turn, the other cheek? Hls reports will appear in this
It is all right, they believe, to jail Paper.
pickets, but to Jail evangelists ls ~	
another matter.
.,  TORONTO—James   Simpson has
CAVENDISH, Vt.—(FP)—Wage, been nominated by the Labor
cuts of 4 per cent, and the 50-hour Party here as labor candidate In
week, 10 hours per day, are an- North Toronto for the next fed-
nounced for Gay's Woolen mill.       eral election.
Ranging from $15 to $35
Stetson) Hats......:...  $8.50
Rlltmore  Hats, silk lined, $5.50
Men's Suits from  $15.00
Hundreds to select from.
Dr. Reed Cushion Sole Shoes,
pair   $11,50
Men's Fine Tan Oxfords, $5.50
Men's Tan or Black Blucher
Cut Shoes  $5.00
Carss Mackinaw Shirts $9.50 Carss Grey Pants $7.00
Patronize Our Advertisers.
A complete  line  fot  Men,
Women   and   Children.
Every pair a genuine bargain.    Our  low  prices  will
surprise you,
Opp, Standard Furniture Co.
THANKS!-Union Men,
you can always' be assured of good service and
reasonable prices at this
store. ,
With,-* almost 16 years, of unabated* service,, we appreciate the patronage we have
New toe, in tan. only.  66.60
MEN'S    OXI'ORDS-^-In    tan    or
■■ black  .   $4.60
BOOTS—High top, High Heel,
leather sole; 2% to 7  60c
Pair   fl.16
OVERALLS       $1.96
6-10;   8 pairs for   fl.00
GLOVES—Special   S6o
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   snd   Boys'   Furnishings,
Hats, Boots and Shots
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phono Fair. 14
We   support   yonr   paper.
Where do you buy your
Painting Supplies?
Prepare for the winter rains
with a coat of good  paint
and get that cosy effect. See
our finished samples and
use our free estimate service  on  paints  and  panels.
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings E.
PATERSON, N. J.—(FP)—Paterson ribbon weavers organized in
the Associated Silk Workers and
in the United Textile Workers unions voted to waive their demand
for the $36 weekly minimum wage.
The wage question w^ll be settled
individually in each factory. Employers balked at no other demand.
Bird, Bird & Lefe
401-408 Metropolitan Bnlldl
887 Hastings St. W., Vanconvir
Telephones: Soymonr 6866 and|
Send in Your Subscription Today
HOBOKEN, N. J.-— (PP)-
160 workers in Lackawanna
road shops in Hoboken, ,So
and Buffalo are laid off in
ltely. 1
Washer has posi;
tively the latest anc
most approved type oi
dolly action used in
any washer. The new
cast aluminum dolljj
produces a combina*
tion clothes and watej
Get a complete washlnj
outfit. With either wash
er you get your choice c
five washday articles-
all for the price former
ly asked for the washe
Electric Iron Folding Tub Bench
Tub Ceiling Drier
Boiler Clothes Hamper
Basket Tub Drainer
Step-Ladder Ironing Table
$1.00 Down
and the balance to
suit your circumstances. The cost
is nothing compared to mother's
The "1900"
has the largest capacity of all household washers. Thinl
of washing 10(
pounds of clothei
an hour. Call anc
see the wonderfu'
water action of thii
approved washer.
Beatty Bros.
928 Granville St.
521 Columbia Street       New Westminster]
Phone 29


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