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The Canadian Labor Advocate Oct 16, 1925

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. w£ .RATIONIST
bventeenth Year.   No. 42
VANCOUVEB, B. C, FBIDAY MORNINty      f. 16, 1925
Sixteen Pages      5c A COPY
Campaign Manifesto
Capitalism in Decay; Labor Must Assume Control
(By W. J. Curry, Dominion Candidate for North Vancouver, October, 1425.)
•ber Candidate for New Westminster
iskatoon Official
Bans All Communists
[SASKATOON, Sask.—That no
(ember of the Communist Party
Canada would be employed by
lie City of Saskatoon, was the
Sunt assertion made by City Cora-
llssioner Leslie to a delegation
lom the Saskatoon Trades and
"abor Council, which waited on
fe City Council to ask why a man
ned Kobskl had been fired.
lAfter making this blunt state-
lent,  the commissioner tried to
ver It up somewhat by stating
at as the man was not a natural-
ed British subject he would not
employed another year ln any
I One member of the delegation
|ked what difference membership
the Communist Party made to
be Council, but he failed to revive any direct reply, one Alderman countering with the query as
what redress the Trades Coun-
II desired lf lt was proven that the
lan had been unjustly treated.
j When the local branch Seoretary
the Communist Party, who was
\, member of the delegation, tried
read from a paper he wag gruf-
ty told by the deputy mayor to
|t down as he wanted to talk hlm-
elf. The delegation got up to
bave the hall, but one alderman
foured oil on the troubled waters,
3d the delegation remained.
"VOW the first time tn Canadian
*■ history a good beginning has
been made in co-ordinating the
various divisions of poUtlcal and
Industrial Labor. Ijn this province,
especially, these are now working
harmoniously through the Canadian Labor Party for the federal
election of October 29th. The
most important ridings will be
contested with the old party candidates, and a good showing for
Labor ls assured.
Industrial development being
backward, the workers' movement
on thiB continent ls also behind
that of European countries. Tet
this ls a land of rapid motion and
sudden changes, and we are being
Impelled onward, not only, by American plutocracy, but by the
world forces of Imperialistic Capitalism, toward the most momentous and yet glorious crisis of
human history.
If elected, the candidate for
North Vancouver, like Labor representatives ln general, Ig pledged
to support all existing and pro-
nosed legislation In the Interest
of the workers, and to oppose all
that conflicts with their interests.
Wheat Pool Broutrht
Millions To Farmers
SASKATOON.—It pays to cooperate. The Saskatchewan farmer's wheat pool wag the' means
of bringing an additional $13,000,-
000 to its 60,000 members last
The Pool recently made its last
payment of lie per bushel, which
brings the total up to $1.66. Had
these farmers not established the
wheat pool they would have reoelved but $1.45, tho other 20c
would have gone to the wheat
gamblers ln Winnipeg and Chicago.
The Pool was established two
years ago, and so swift has been
Its rise that almost every farmer
ln this province is now a member. Sixty-five thousand farmers
have been signed up for the 1925
crop, and their entire produce
will be gold through the medium
of this co-operative central marketing agency.
■ \_     Dr. W. J. CCRRlf
Labor Candidate for Vancouver Nortli
.At the same time, we must remember that caplallsm must develop further before ■ Labor will
be prepared to become the controlling force in Canada, and that
there are still great natural resources that must be exploited by
capitalist enterprise.
The development of mines, railroads, mills a^d factories, the es-
tabliehment of health resorts and
the scenic potentialities so marvellous in this province will for
many years yield, through the
hands of labor, dividends to leisured' shareholders, before this
property can be made the possession of the public.
No Labor representative at this
time would oppose this development, which represents the lnter-
est of all classes, and who could
do otherwise than, assist In every
possible way towards the construction of the First Narrows
Bridge to_ connect Vancouver City
with the North Shore, which
would add to the pleasure pf our
race for ages after capitalism has
given way to a higher order of
human development?
Who Should Vote Labor
The vast majority of Canada's
population Is of the working class
and few, Indeed, are those who
live In luxury and leisure off
"Rent, Interest and Profit." Even
the small business man, who considers himself a capitalist, and
believes that prosperity ls "Just
around the corner," is today but
the agent and salesman of the
great Industrial combinations, and
through the merging of these interests into greater combines and
monopolies, thousands of this middle class are being squeezed out
Into the ranks of the worker, and
in the British Isles these are already known ag the "White-Collared Proletariat."
Who can gay that the professional clagses, the doctor, the lawyer, engineer, etc., who, through
the competitive struggle are finding lt harder and harder to keep
the wolf of want from their door,
are not of the working class? The
place for these is the Labor Party.
The Sham Battle of Politicians
The numerous exhibitions now
being enacted by the political
warriors representing the  "Outs"
(non+inne-l on TV-e-o 11
Italian DictatorsWn
Smashes Real Unions
(By Federated Press)
MILAN, Italy—Full recognition
and monopoly tn wage negotiations
are granted to the fasett trade un-
iong by the Federation of Industries (the Italian manufacturers'
organization). Not only are the employers to ignore all other unions—
that ls to say the bonaflde unions
—according to the agreement concluded, but Rossonl, gecretary of
the fascist unions, has demanded
the abolition of the workshop committees. If thlg union-smashing
scheme becomes effective it will
deprive the workers of all organized strength in the face of the employers and the fascist allies, The
particular demand <of Rossonl that
the employers boycott the workshop committees Is a tribute to the
special adaptlblllty of this form of
organization to represent the Interests of the workers on the Job at a
time when their national unions
are weakened by persecution.
Labor Candidate for Vancouver Centre
Sale of Noble Titles
Fills Empty Coffers
WINNIPEG, Can.—Titles will
not be abolished in England, as
they were lh Canada, because the
sale of titles often replenishes the
. empty coffers of the political party
in power.
Hugh Martin, parliamentary editor of the Daily News, and member
of the British press delegation
touring Canada, said that Lloyd
George raised over 1,000,000 pounds
sterling through the sale of titles
during his regime as premier.  .
Though at present it is a crime
to barter for a title, one can still
buy a title for 30,000 pounds sterling.
Another correspondent in the
delegation said the only way political parties ever get rid of the
useless timber in their parties is
through making lords of them and
then sending them to the house of
With all the errors Socialists
may commit, with all the temporary reverses that may fall to their
lot, they are marching forward In
the only forward movement ln the
world. AH the forces of evolution
are their allies and supporters, and
their eyes are forever fixed upon
the shining goal of emancipation.
—Eugene V. Debs.
labor Candidato for Vancouver Burrard
Millionaire Killer
Steps Out of Jail
SACRAMENTO, Oallf. — Last
June, Howard Hogan, son of an
Oakland millionaire, ran over and
killed two workingmen ln the
streets of Oakland. Arresting officers testified that he was intoxicated. He was driving 70 miles an
hour. Under sentence of 8 to 10
years Hogan entered San Quentin
last November. Now the state
board of prison directors has fixed
his sentence at 6 years (the minimum) and stated that he will be
eligible for parole next May, after
s rvlng 18 months; although ordinarily a glx-year prisoner must serve
2 years and one month beforo being paroled.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Dr.  Curry's Computet! Manifesto...... 1
Saskatoon Officials Ban  Communists 1
King's    and    Meighen's    "Railway
Policy"      2
Purcell and Green Clash at Convention     8
Trado Unions Bring Results  5
Child Slavery In U. S  7
Proceedings of A.F. of I_. Convention 13
Trotsky Analyses Britain  0
The Seonrge of Unemployment  IB
Unioni Push Alliance Plans  IS
Fascisti Smash Italian Unions  1
Chinese Monarchists Plan Coup....... 5
BeltUn Metal Btrike Solid..  - S
Army General Says
Gas War "Humanized"
CHICAGO. — Inhumanity has
been taken out of the uae of gas
in war, declared Major Generai
Amos A. Fries, chief of the armj
chemical warfare service, upon
arrival In Chicago for an address
to reserve officers.
"We now have gasses which
will put 25 per cent, of an army
out of business for an entire
campaign and yet not injure a
man seriously or permanently," he
said. 'We have gas masks so
perfected that a man wearing one
can do everything except smoke
and eat, and we are working on
Improvements to make even those
thfcgs possible."
1    w^
P^ii^l                  l
m       Mk,_;.'.y__*
MftH          1
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____                         __R.'»*
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^"-ty **'-.- -flr*iHSiM 1,B
Labor Candidate for Vancouver South Page Two
Friday, October 16, 192!
Unions in Palestine
American Tractors To
Attacked By British        Harvest Soviet Crop
Wilfred Wellock Tells      C.L.P. Campaign Meetings
Of British Conditions
That the hold on life of the
British working class was more
precarious today than it had been
for 150 years, was the keynote
of an address delivered by Mr. Wilfred Wellock, of Stourbridge, England, at the Royal Theatre, Vancouver on Sunday night last.
Mass production was the order
of the day, said the speaker, and
side by side with this was at least
1,600,000 unemployed men and women, many of whom had not worked for three years. This condition
of unemployment was so acute
that when these workless workers
moved from one town to another
in search of employment, theV
were told that they were not wanted as they had enough unemployed
of "their own" to look after. This
condition was demoralizing the entire country, because so many were
living on the brink of starvation.
Unemployment relief was $4.50 per
week for men; $3.75 for women;
$1.25 for the first child; and 75
cents per week for each additional
child. Coupled with this, living
costs were as high as in Western
This was the condition that existed, the speaker went on, in spite
of all the mechanical improvte-
ments that had taken place during
the last 100 years. One hundred
years ago a man working for a
week could turn out only a handful of qotton cloth, while today a
girl could produce sufficient ln a
week to last any one person for
75 years. 100 years ago it took
a man a week to make three pairs
of shoes, today one man could
make sufficient in three months to
clothe Britain for a year.
British capitalists were erecting
huge factories ln the Orient, reaping huge profits, and pitting the
workers of Britain against the
coolie standards of the East.
Campaign meetings of the Canadian Labor Party will be held on
the following dates:
Vancouver Centre: October 19,
Orange Hall; October 26, Dominion
Vancouver Burrard: October 19,
K. P. Hall, 8th and Scotia; October
21, Renfrew Community Hall,
Nootka and 22nd; October 23, Kitsllano High School, 12th and Trafalgar.
Vancouver North: October 20,
Community Hall, Capilano; October 22, Lynn Valley Institute.
Vancouver South: October 19,
Secord School, 60th and Victoria;
Selkirk School, 22nd and Commercial; October 20, Dunbar Heights
Community Hall, 25th and Blenheim; October 21, Carleton School,
Joyce and Kingsway; Norquay
School, Slocan and Kingsway; October 26, I. O. O. F. Hall, Marpole;
Fraser School, Marine Drive a'nd
Fraser St.; October 27, I. O. O. F.
Hall, 30th and Main; South Vancouver Municipal Hall, 43rd and
Fraser Sts.
Nature created community; private property is the offspring of
usurpation.—St. Ambrose.
We .are living In the greatest
epoch in history, he continued. We
are living in a time when the
working class all over the world
must take possession of the means
of life. We must socialize distribution.
During the past few years intense educational activities have
been carried on In the British Isles,
and the result of this work beginning to be seen.
In closing the speaker pointed
out that the forces dominating the
world today were international,
and the workers, therefore of necessity must also be linked together
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—Keen resentment is
felt in Trade Union and Labor Circles in Palestine at the campaign
of persecution which has been inaugurated by the British authorities.
The Trade Union movement -in
Palestine has done excellent work
ln organizing immigration, and in
helping to carry out colonization
schemes. It has given offence,
however, by its persistent endeavors to secure labor legislation ln
a country'in which, after five years
of British mandatory rule, there
are neither factory laws nor compensation laws.
The culminating "offence" which
provoked a special display of malice was the despatch of delegates
to the Marseilles Congress of the
Labor and Socialist International,
following which two prominent
Labor leaders of Jaffa were arrested.
During a strike at Haifa, strike
pickets were arrested and marched
through the streets in chains.
When the workers retaliated by
mass picketing they were charged
by police armed with batons and
whips, thirty being arrested.
Experienced leaders are convinced that the intention of the police
is deliberately provocative.
(Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON—Russia's greatest grain harvest' since 1911 is
being handled by the aid of 7,500
tractors, most of which were made
in the United States, says a report
from the commissariat of agriculture to the Russian -information
Bureau ln Washington. On the
ocean or on trains en route to
the Soviet Union are 3,800 more
of these Yankee tractors. The agricultural co-operatives received
orders for 20,000 tractors in the
first six months of the present
year, but were unable to supply
so many. Next year 2^,000 more
are to be dlstrib ted, of whtch
3,000 will be built in Moscow and
Tractors plowed and cultivated
1,687,00? acres in the Soviet Union this year. This is less than 1
per cent, of the total tilled area.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metrl
politan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pao
Bldg,, 744 Hastings St. W.
HASKINS   A   ELLIOTT,   800   Pendl
Street W. The belt makes of bieyeM
on easy tonne.
Arthur Frijji & Co., 2313 Main S|
H. Hi_rvey, 88 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.|
Hannah Lund, 034 Birki Bldg., rivet
Initant relief; evening! by appointment
Sey.  1218. '
Capitalists Say Color
line Aids Bolshevism
DR.    D.    A.    MCMILLAN,    PALMKffl
Graduate.     Open   dally  and   even
ings,    Dawson  Blk.,  eor. Haitingi  an
Main.    Phone Sey. 8954.
The guilty theives of Europe, the
real sources of all deadly war In it
are the capitalists-—that Is to say,
the people who live by percentage
on the labor of others, instead of
by fair wages for their own. All
social evils and religious errors
arise out of pillage of the laborer
by the idler; the idler leaving him
only enough to live on, and even
then miserably, and taking all the
rest of the produce of his work to
spend in his own luxury and in
the ways in which he beguiles his
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
LONDON. — Some imperialists
are discovering that the oppressed
races and their colonial countries
are inspired by the fair,ness and
equality by which they are treated by Soviet Russia. This Is admitted by no one less than Viscount WilHngdon, expert on Indian
affairs and ex-governor of Bombay and Madras,
The honorable viscount observed In a speech given to a church
congress thatt he world war between Christian (nations, in which
some 10,000,000 were slain on the
battlefield, had not convinced the
colored races that the white
man's system of social government
was flawless and his moral life
higher. Quite on the contrary,
and the viscount went on:
"I am convinced that the white
races must realize the necessity
of treating all colored men in a
spirit of absolute equality, giving
up their attitude of color superiority.
Mackenzie King's and Arthur Meighen's
Railway and Immigration Policies
Phone Sey. 7187
Dr.  W.  3.   Curry,   S01   Dominion
Bldg. -
Red  Star  Drug  Store,  Cor.  Cor-J
dova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Hu|
tings St. E.
Cordova St. W„ few doors west ol
Woodward's. Sey. 8(87. Wholesale and
retail window  glass.
Grandvlew Hoepltal—Medical, t—tt
leal, maternity. ' 1090 Victoria Drive!
High. 117. n
Famous   Cloak   &  Suit  Co.,    S3 J
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
Miners Enjoined From
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   CordovJ
Picketing Scab Pits . street cr. - ■ oaio ■
 _ Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main SJ
1V|0NTREAL, Sept. 30—Having
now completed a 10,000 mile
tour of Canada from the Atlantic to
the Pacific -and return the British journalists invited by E_ W.
Beatty, president of the Canadian
Pacific, 'to make a personal trip
over the Dominion ln order to
counteract anti-Canadian propaganda in Britain, have registered
the following Impressions of the
Hugh Martin of the London
Daily News claims that Canada's
need is the Old Country's opportunity. From the Atlantic to the
Pacific seaboards, he Bays, he
heard the cry: "Send us more men;
send us capital."
C. J. Jory, Dally Telegraph, London, thinks that for the man who
will work and the woman who w'll
help him, "There Is no land so rich
In resources, so full of opportunities."
F. G. Peterson, of the Times,
London, asserts—he will—"refute
the baseless charges against the
good name of the Dominion, and
make known to young men—the
splendid opportunities that awaits
them In Canada."
Vancouver Province, Sept. 30th,
T TNDER the caption—"Warning
^ to Unemployed" there will
soon appear sticker placards
throughout the prairie provinces
to tell the "drifter" population that
Vancouver is no place to come in
winter looking for work, or for
relief doles.
Aid. J. A. Garbutt, Chairman,
civic relief committee, and relief
officer Ireland—have prepared a
sticker which reads:
Thoe requiring work would do
well to seek It elsewhere than In
the city of Vancouver this coming
winter. This corporation has laid
down a plan to deal with the unemployed relief as follows:
First. That absolutely no doles*
will be given.
Second. That work, such as
breaking rock, clearing land, cutting wood, and moving dirt, be provided for extreme cases of indigents, only after investigation, and
as a relief measure, at $2 per day
for married men, and $1 in the
form of meal and bed tickets per
day for single men. %
(Signed) By Order City of Vancouver.
Vancouver Province, Oct. 1st,
1926; |  *_§
J ONDON, Oct. 14—The Canadian
drive for immigrants from the
Old Country had a fine send off
this week. A maximum amount of
publicity Is being given to the mission of J. Bruce Walker, and it is
confidently expected that the appeal of the new Canadian immigration commissioner, will have Immediate results. Mr. Walker told
the British Newspaper men that
"Canada's .urgent need at the moment is for farmers, and their families, and FARM LABORERS who
understand the elements of husbandry." '
A staff of 50 ls dividing the
country into districts, and each of
these districts Is to be systematically combed for prospective emigrants. Mr. Walker says he enjoys the support of the British
government and the Canadian railroads.
The press generally is expressing the view that Mr. Walker's
appointment means a definite
speeding up of the movement of
Britishers to Canada.
The personal touch will be substituted for correspondence in order to secure settlers for Canada.
Dally Province, Oct. 14th, 1925.
Picketing of the Consolidated Coal
Co's New England mine at Watson
is forbidden the United Mine
Workers, ln an Injunction issued
by the local circuit court. Thirty***,
six miners employed in the mine
are alleged to have petitioned for
the order, which ls temporary. In
the petition ,the claim is made
that two attacks have been made
upon the non-union workers, and
that but for the intervention of
deputies and state police much
damage would have been done,
This injunction is the operators'
reply to the call issued by President Lewis of the U.M.W.A. for a
strike of non-union workers in
the northern West Virginia field
in suport of union men who have
been out since April 1.
Patronize  Our  Advertiser*
men's surrs
n. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hast]
ings Streots.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  CordovJ
V paired, by expert. Will Edmund
965 Robson  St.    Sey. 2094.     '
Pitman Optical House, 615 Ha
Ings West. ■
Gregory   &    Reld,    117   Hastingi
Street East.	
■""anada Pride Range Co., 346 Has
Ings Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carralj
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
(THAT over fifty years of this kind of "Immigration and railway policies," as administered by Liberal
x and Conservative "statesmen" has brought results Is evidenced In the following excerpts from the
Vancouver Daily Province of October 6th: "It is th***, opinion of Aid. G. H. Worthlngton that special measures to provide proper diet for under-nourished children, formerly carried on the School Board should
be continued—Mr. Ireland (Relief Officer) reported—that two men had been sent over the prairie provinces to post up the warnings (for farm hands to keep away from Vancouver.) The entire cost of the
campaign would be within $600."
While Vancouver spends $600 warning working men to keep away as there is no work for them to
do, and the city adopts special measures to provide food for under-nourished children, representatives of
the Canadian government are "combing" the British Isles for "prospective immigrants". This too Is being paid for from the public purse. But then we are told that "Mr. Walker enjoys the support of the—
Canadian railroads." Mackenzie King and Arthur Melehen also "enjoys" this support
YY/HEN a crisis comes and
someone at.. a distance
must be reached quiokly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
We Have Some Good Buys in
Cash  Payments  As  Low Ai  *1****\
Phone Sey. 7405       1386 Granville St. 1
Ssy. 486 32 Raftings St. E.
The Electric Shop Ltd.]
RADIO AND       *
Sey. 6789 414 Haitian 81 W.
Rest Your Brawn; Use Your Brain-Vote Labor
Freih Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. Bait,  Bey.  988-878     668 Granville Straet   Sey. 9813-1891
161 Hastlnga Street West Sey.  1870
"SAT IX WITH IXOWIM" Way, October 16, 1925
Page Three
Art Shields, Federated Press)  throw of trade unionism, he turned
h_ANTIO  CITY-.An emphatio t0 PurceU alld read out h,s mes'
1 sage of No Affiliation.
ATLANTIC CITY—(FP)— That   (By Art Shields, Federated Press)   the number rapidly growing. -Un-
the Irish have come to the front    ATLANTIC CITV—A ringing ap-   leSS  an  lnternatlt>nally  organized
No, was President Green's an-
to the appeal of Arthur A.
l-cell,    president,    International
PurceU Unrepentant v
It was the most dramatic mo-
£^-r^ii*-_rz-ment °f«t^„co"veiit!on.to ^te>
tish fraternal delegate to the ">°re hart half the delegates rising
■ess    „#   t    .__._.., »«._._.    „.„i__  to their feet with shouts.   Purcell,
F.   of  L.  convention,   urging -        _   .
_aiv «,iati«,« ™m_i_ th« «»____.  a sa-uare set fleure- sat^lmperturb-
ably, nor did he change expression
as Green continued that he was
doubtful whether the decisions at
Liverpool   (of  the  Labor  Party)
reen's reply began in quietjein  were not rather the oplnlons of
British labor than those of Scarborough (of the Trade Union Congress.)
Other Delegates
Ben Smith, M. P., junior British
delegate, and Roberto Haberman,
Mexican fraternal delegate spoke
in the American labor movement 1_
—at least that they abound among
the delegates   at Atlantic City—
peal for international unity of
the workers against International
capitalism was the message which
pndly relations with the organ-
workers of Russia as a need*,
[step towards world unity of the
was evident with the warmth   of fQrmer pre8ldent( ^
gree Ing to Thomas Johnson   sec,- ^ ^
retary  of the  Irish  Labor  Party
and the Irish Trade Union Con-
senior fraternal delegate from the
movement helps * these workers to
come up, said Purcell, we ln the
western nations will go down, in
America as well as in England.
Join the International
Join the trade union Internation
al did not suggest the vehem
<\e of the finish. He opened with
urteous references to the inter-
ling talk of Brother Purcell and
lerred again to My Good Friend
Lrcell, but he ended with a de-
tnciation that warmed as it con-
]iued  of the  Communist  move
gress and also representing the
Irish Transport and General
Workers' Union. Johnson came
as a visitor, not a fraternal delegate, but he voiced the hope that
future conventions of the two lsh delegates to plead with the Am
movements would see the presence erioan labor movement to abandon
workers of that nation, brought to al, was Purcell's concrete sugges-
the A. F. of L. convention—unity
with the workers of Russia aa well
as all others.
It has been the fashion for Brit-
ent which he charged was seek-  in the interim between PurceU and
Green, Smith advised the ballot as
the agency for emancipation but
said it was necessary to use every
to destroy the American Trade
lilon movement and substitute the
statorship    of   the    proletariat.
liming to the British delegate at  needful means foi- that end.   Ha*
le climax of his address Green
The Red Spectre
"Take back to the Russian Red
{ternatlonal this mesage, that the  gtates waning.
lerican  trade  union  movement ,	
Ell never affiliate with any or-
Inization that preaches such doc-  Great Mission Is To
of fraternal delegates.
The Irishman, a ready speaker,
discussed the part he said his
movement would play in the industrial development of his native
land and he laid stress on the project for the electrification of the
River Shannon in the South of
Ireland, an engineering feat that
he said would mlghtly affect the
its policy Of isolation towards the
European movement, but Purcell
outdid all predecessors ln the clear
cut character of his argument for
world solidarity as the saivatlon of
the workers of the world and the
United States in the crisis now facing labor.
International Capitalism;
Purcell emphasized the interna-
berman gave half his speech to
fire the Communists out, and added that he considered their
strength in Mexico insignificant
and their Influence in the United
land, bringing light and power to tlonal character of capitalism, re-
lines," Then, sustaining the em-
hasis he asked Purcell to be pres-
lit when" certain delegates who
lok their philosophy from Mos-
|;w   rather  than   from   Gompers
Organize, Says Green
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
esented certain resolutions that Green's speech opening the 45th
[ere coming up that he might annual convention of the American
*ve the opportunity for himself Federation of Labor stressed three
see how the rest of the delegates main issues before the A. F. of L.
juld deal with them. today: the need of more organiza-
The resolutions in question are tion, the necessity of winning back
isumed to be those appearing In the legal standing that was under-
>m day's printed proceedings urg-   mined by  hostile  courts and the
continuation to victory of the fight
for the protection of the children,
|g endorsement of the Anglo-Rus-
a,n Unity-Committee, Recognition
Russia, amalgamation of trade  meaning for the Child Labor Am-
Lions into industrial unions and  endment.
|ther  measures at variance  with
litional A. F. of L. policies.
The Sugar Coating
"Our great mission," emphasized
Green, "is to organize, to reach out
and bring into the fold those not
The   diplomatic   beginnings   of  afflllated with us' to bring into our
reen's speech praised the solidar-   Industrial army all the toilers of
of British labor that defeated  the nation."
fre proposed wage cuts in the Brit
mining Industry this summer.
minding the American delegates
that it was becoming as easy for
the American employer to have his
factories in Tokio as ln San Francisco and that lt was useless to depend on Immigration barriers for
protection against the competition
of cheap labor abroad. He cited
the acceleratinAindustrialization of
China and India, with 12,000,000
wage earners in the factories, mills
and mines of the latter colony and
Educational Director
Reports to Convention
ATLANTIC CITY—(FP)— Filling in the afternoon session of the
American Federation of Labor
convention following the dramatic
challenge of fraternal delegate
A. A. Purcell and the emphatic
answer of President Green, Spencer J. Miller, director of the Work-
He passed over the dramatic  ers'  Education Bureau,  told  how
the entire island ahd by the material changes It would bring calculated even to alter the psychology of the peoples.
Based oil Agriculture
Irish labor, he said, would support the industrial development,
striving at the same time not only
to guard its material welfare but
to retain the warmth and kindliness ot the old Irish nature under
the new conditions. But the industrialization that was coming,
he said, would be based on agriculture as its foundation, producing the goods the basic agricultural'
population needed.
The Irish visitor belongs to the
school which tones down the
sounding of the class struggle and
emphasizes industrial responsibility. He declared for high wages
and high labor productivity, saying he had been further confirmei
in his views by his visit to Ameri*
struggles of the Irish Transport
workers of the past but declared
that Irish labor had been able to
retain ln Its wage standards more
effectively than had tbe British
and Scottish workers.
Denouncing   courts   that   align
themselves with enemy employers, 	
pointed out, however, that this Green said he-loved the govern- Bolsheviks Attacked
fctory was gained by economic, ment and its traditions but that
bt political action, and to this this was a case of usurpation of
furcell nodded. Green' made" a power and that the Declaration of
liference to the solidarity of Am- Independence must be revitalized
Mean anthracite miners who were and that the labor movement must
ow showing in their strike and lead the fight for this goal as
eclared that his brothers and "Workers in every nation and ev-
bmrades In the hard coal fields ery field have led the fight for
puid be counted on to stay, out freedom."
The new president of the A. F^
much European labor Is Interested
in the policies of American labor.
Miller spoke of the cloud of debt
1 a-iglng over Europe and said that
although he did "not suggest the
forgiveness of European debts at
this time" he thought organized
labor here "should keep steadily
ln mind not only what is just and
tion, and also send a trade union
delegation to Russia without delay, as a preliminary step to the
closest fraternal relations with the
Russian workers who till the soil
and operate the Industries over
one sixth of the inhabited surface
of the globe. Purcell gave the precedent of the British Trade Union
Congress which probed conditions
ln the labor republic for itself and
he lauded the achlevments of the
Russian workers in carefully chosen words.
Proud of Bis
"I have been to Russia," the
British delegate announced. "There
I have seen the workers assuming
vast responsibilities and duties,
carrying through the organization
of society under frightful difficulties. As a workman I am proud
of the genius for organization and
the essential grip of things which
my class in Russia has displayed.
Just as your president sent that
warm and helpful letter on behalf
of the Chinese workers In their difficulties, so I want you to approach
the question of relations with the
workers of Russia.
No Time for Prejudices
"Let the same generous spirit
prevail," he continued. The times
we live in are too big, too fraught
with fate, to permit of little prejudices, barring the way to human
relationships. Russia Is a very big
place—the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics occupies one sixth
of the land surface of the globe.
It is an enormous factor in the
world, a tremendous powerful factor in the life of the world."
Developing this theme further
with references to the great mineral and agricultural resources of
Russia, the budding electrification
schemes and the keen way In
which the workers and peasants
were adapting to their use the latest developments In science and in-
By German Delegates   rlSht for ourselves    as    creditors,   dustry, he went on:
Increases in Moscow
SI they won, and a salvo of cheers
f-eeted this.    Green took up the 0f L. told the assembled delegates
F. of L. attitude towards inter-  that the old trade union policies
itional affairs then.   As he lead 0f Samuel Gompers would continue,
to the climax of his speech he though Gompers has departed, and
|>,ok no position on the Interna-  in what is construed as a reference
onal Trade Union federation with  to left wing elements he asserted:
Mch Purcell is connected, but he  "We prefer the philosophy of Sam-
Jscussed the record of the A. F.  uel Gompers and the trade union-
L. of good will and friendship  ism he preached rather than the
struggles for justice abroad. Af-  vague theories that are offered as
Ir the overthrow of the Czar, said substitutes."
Ireen, the A. F. of L. sent greet- „     	
figs to Russia and later that year , ,
j>t prominent labor men on a gov- Union Membership
pment delegation that went to
lussla.     In   the   recent   Chinese 	
Doubles Green himself wrote a let-
Ir to Coolldge In behalf of the MOSCOW-On January 1, 1925,
(ilnese he said and the American there were 931,1.05 members in the
iovement had always been friend- trade unions of Moscow and the
to aspirations of the Indians. M°aeow gubernla, as compared
lit the Communist movement was
liother thing.
The CommuniBts
jHe charged that Communists
ere not interested ln strikes, for
[e Immediate economic gains to
achieved, but for revolution.
>fo revolution Is in sight," cried
Jreen;  "If the workers are com-	
felled to wait for revolution they
4ll starve." Bringing his guns to I cannot see how a man can
lear for a moment on, the Trade love his country. . . who uses the
Jnion Educational League as the people of his city, his State, his
flommunlst agency In the unions, country, merely for what he can
|»orking, he declared, for the over- get out of them.—Samuel M. Jones.
(By Federated Press)
president German Woodworkers'
union, and representing the visiting German labor delegation of 15
told the A. F. of L. convention that
the German unions were coming
back somewhat from the hardships
of the deflation period. Where two
years ago a few hundred dollars
would buy all the marks in the
union treasuries, their accounts
now ran to $23,000,000. Total membership is 5,000,000.
Tarnow attacked the Bolshevists,
saying their religion was fit only
for desperate, starving men. He
said their influence has waned in
Germany. Though a social democrat, Tarnow did not talk socialism.
Nor did he mention the Dawes Plan
He said German unionists would
fight to protect the-republic.
but what ls right and just for our
Miller outlined the development
of the W. E. B. and called Its adoption by the A. F. of L. at El
Paso last year "a milestone in its
history." He mentioned his agreement with A. F. of L. policies such
as labor banking, insurance, nonpartisan political action, and even
capital ownership which has not
yet been officially accepted by the
federation. Miss Anna Fitzgerald,
representing the Women's International Label League, a perennial
visitor to A. F. of L. conventions,
made her usual short address on
Interesting the women In the home
in union-labelled g .ous.
with 910,098 members in the previous year. This means an Increase
of 2.3%.
The trade unions have established 436 clubs in the. Moscow gubernla, 2,580 lectures and 440 excursions have been organized.
There are 451 sports circles with
a membership of 35,268.
Every war, even the briefest,
with its accompaniment of ruinous
expenses, destruction of harvests,
thefts, plunder, murders, and unchecked debauchery, with the false
justifications of its necessity and
justice, the glorification and praise there is a net surplus of £487,444,
of military exploits, of patriotism   from  which a dividend  of 2d. ln
LONDON — The Co-operative
Wholesale Society has faced a satisfactory trading year, which has
resulted in its financial position being vastly improved.
Total sales were £37,160,319, and
more than one-third of this was
from the society's own factories.
After paying interest on capital
and    allowing    for    depreciation,
and devotion to the flag, with the
pretence of care for .the wounded,
will, in one year, demoralize men
incomparably more than thousands of thefts, arsons, and murders committed ln the course of
centuries by Individual men under
the Influence of passion.—Tolstoi.
the £ will be returned to the local
societies  on  their  purchases.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
In great houses the aim of existence is to ignore as much as possible that there ls such a thing as
suffering In any form.—Jane
Welch Carlyle (wife of Thomas brlcs in Asia, Africa and Austra-
Carlyle). Ua, necessarily compels you to take
  a world view and to act from a
Subscribe to The Advocate        world standpoint."
Learn From Russia
I say, you workers of America
have much to learn from Russia.
We must not be afraid of new
ideas. It has often struck me that
while the Americans have been the
most advanced—the most receptive
—in ideas concerning mechanical
Invention and business organization, they have been most slow In
accepting new social and political
ideas. I do hope that from now
on, the organized workers of America will establish the closest fraternal relations with the organized
workers of Russia. Just as the
General Council of the Trades Union Congress, representatives of the
whole Trade Union movement of
Britain, sent delegations to Russia,
so I hope and trust the American
Federation of Labor will do the
same. Do not be afraid of being
called   names."
Isolation, a Mistaken Policy
Earlier in his speech Purcell
said: "I tell you that the policy
of Isolation Is a mistaken one. You
cannot afford to think only ln
terms of the United States, or of
the Americas. The Monroe Doctrine no longer helds good for your
Government—as Its imperial policy
In the Philllplnes, in China and
elsewhere, demonstrates—and no
longer holds good for the capitalists. It can no longer hold good
for you. Circumstances, the development of Capitalism, the establishment of great industrial fa-
[ore Leisure for the Worker; More Work for the Boss-Vote Labor
>-< j
Ji Page Pour
ii     ii
Friday, October 16, 1
Plunder Plus
rj-_— shift of the center of world
plunder to the United tSates is
symbolized In the recent deal by
which Lord Leverhulme's $2,000,-
000 art collection will be auctioned
to American millionaires in New
York. The enormous war and
postwar profits of American capital enable the investing class to
levy tribute on the world. With
the world's gold comes Its art
The beginning of the end of
London as the world's art sales
center and the recognition of New
York as the leading international
art Mecca of the universe is thereat significance of the transfer,
It is stated here, "reads a London
dlsaptch to the New York Times.
It might have said, "the end of
London and the rise of New York
as the center of world empire."
This is recognized in English comment by the phrase: "The Leverhulme art gems for the dollar
kings." Leverhulme was the British soap king.
Growing Financial Power
Already before the war there
were signs of the growing power
of American lords of industry. In
the quarter . century coinciding
with the development of the great
trusts under Rockefeller-Morgan
bank control it ls estimated that
close to $500,000,000 of art treasures were Imported, the importations ln 1924 and .1925 exceeding
any previous year.
Thus America ls doing what
England did following the defeat
of Napoleon. Then the Englishman was the only man with money.
While he extended his power by
investment to all parts of the world
he also carried away paintings
from the continent so that today
there ls a great reservoir of paintings and other art In the hands of
families ln England, to quote the
treasurer of the Anderson galleries, which will handle the Leverhulme sale.
The Spoils of Piracy
A review of history shows that
gold, art and slaves have always
been among the spoils going to
predatory cities whom war places
at the summit of empire. We find
Rome not only draining Carthage
and Spain and Asia Minor of precious metals but also the Greek
world of its art. Says the Encyclopedia Brltannlac: "Beginning
from 212 B.C. when Marcellus despoiled Syracuse of Its principal
statues, every victorious general
adorned his triumph with masterpieces, of Greek art and when Phil-
hellenlsm became the ruling fashion at Rome wealthy connoisseurs
formed private collections drawn
from the Greek provinces."
Fmnloyment Statistics
Reveal Workers' Misery
CHICAGO — (FP — A gain of
2.4 per cent ln Illinois factory employment between August and
September Is hailed by chief statistician Cahn of the Illinois labor
department as a turn for the better. Cahn says, 'expansion runs
with such unanimity through the
list of Industries that the reality of
betterment Is unquestioned."
But comparison with figures for
the preceding years does not support such optimism. It shows that
factory employment In Illinois in
September was less than one-third
of 1 per cent   above   September,
1924, which was the worst September on record even if the depression year 1921 is included. Only
about 2,000 more workers were on
the payrolls than a year ago in
factories normally employing more
than three-quarters of a million.
Employment     ln     September,
1925, according to Cahn's figures,
was 10 1-2 per cent below September, 1923, and nearly 5 per cent
below, September, 1922. It was
actually 8 per cent below September, 1921, the year of deepest depression.
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Page Five
.-■ POLITICS - ■
Kidden Profits Of Chinese Monarchists
Anthracite Owners Plan Fascisti Coup
{By LELAND OLDS, Federated
I CHICAGO—Carefully concealed
Eotlts ol the big hard coal sales
binpanies which torm part ol the
loigan anthracite combine are
fought to light by the publicitj
income tax returns. The tax
|.llecoti-'s figures show pi-ollts
fining as high as 37 per cont on
Itpual stock.
).On iD'ii income the Deleware,
ackawana  & Western    Coal Co.
laid a tax of $75ti,ti_3 which indicates a Profit of $5,1)96,661 after
led uct ing the tax   or   $18.58   on
lach $50 share of stock.   The tax
laid on 1.23 income shows that
lhe profit that year amounted to
}»,.3.'.820 or $17.20 a share. Here
one branch of the hard coal industry which in two    years   has
nade profits totaling more than
D. L. & W. Coal is simply the
to per cent of the par value of its
Separately Incorporated distributing agency for Glen Alden Coal
Jo., the producing end of the
L. & W. railroad coal interests,
jlen Alden's income taxes were
pa .6,133 on 1.24 income and $1,-
.144,428 on 1923 income, indicating profits of $6,832,931 and $9,-
410,996 respectively. The two companies combined have thus made
Profits of $12,829,572 in 1924 and
$14,942,816 ln 1923. As this part
jjf the combine handles from 8,-
900,000 to 9,000,000 tons a year
|.ve have here a levy of approximately $1.75 a ton going to the
Wealthy owners without taking
into account royalties, railroad
profits and the profits of retail
PEKIN — The Chang-Tso-Un
forces ln Tientsin are preparing
the ground for a fascist monarchist upheaval in this Important part
of China. Chlah Kan Hu, chairman of the Socialist Democratic
Party of China and member of the
Constitution Drafting Committee
has confessed his connection with
the Manchu Imperial family and
offers as excuse for his friendship
with the ex-emperor of China,
Hsuan Tung and others, by saying
that he was trying to spread socialist ideas among them and to
induce them to abandon their monarchical ambitions, according to
the Peking "Leader".
The.students ot the Universities
of Shanghai and Pekin do not believe the tame and ridiculous excuse of Chiank Kang and demand
his immediate retirement.
German Workers Being
Driven into femicide
{Italian Fascisti Put
Legal Ban on Strikes
i .
ROME—The fascist government
Rs   preparing   to   enact  measures
■which will place labor disputes and
Strikes under the strict control of
|the government.
The fascist grand council has de-
Ecided upon the creation of the of-
[fice of labor magistrate. This magistrate will supervise the execut-
Ition of labor contracts, acting as
lan arbitrator in all labor disputes
|and his decision will be final.
The grand council has also deluded to enact a measure that will
(make strkes punishable by law
Iv--hen they are called for what they
[.consider political purposes or ln
[public services.
BERLIN—The suicide rate has
been continually on the upgrade
in Germany since the worn war.
The suicide rate has now reached
the rate of 21.4% per 100,000 population,
The suicide rate among women
has risen since theu- entrance inn
the industrial escab.jsmnents of
Germany at a rapid pace. Many
of the women hava used the suicide
route to escape tne outer competition among eaoh othur in the industrial establishments.
The provinces ol Stiony, Thur-
ingia, Brunswick, Annalt and
Schleswig-Holstein at*present have
the largest suicide rates. Benin,
the principal cities of Saxony and
the seaport cities in the northwes:,
how the highest suicide rates for
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Bosses Cannot Break      Organization Is What
Belgian Metal Strike   Brings Home the Bacon
India ls now recognized as one
of the leading industrial countries
tn the world. Tho number of workers in Industry ls more than 20,-
000,000, chiefly employed In mining, Iron, steel, engineering, transport, cotton, tea plantations and
jute. There are nearly 150,000
Indians employed as seamen (Lascars). Wages are extremely low
and profits very high. British
Capitalism finds in India cheap labor, unorganized, illiterate and
cowed by British militarism. In the
coal, iron,.steel and subsidiary industries, British firms have invested £200,000,000 and employ 760,-
000 workers, of which nearly 100,-
000 are women and' children.
India Spent $23,000
When Two juorus
(By J. C. Goho)
Some time ago, Lord Reading,
Viceroy of India, went to JLingland
to confer with Lord Birkenhead,
Secretary of State for India, about
Indian political conditions—at least
so the Indians were told.
The noble Lord returned with
the consoling message that further
reform was not even to be thought
of until the year of grace 1929, m-
requested the leaders of the Indian
people to 'carry on' in the old way
and be 'good little boys'. But even
the moderates are rinding the good
old way unworkable, just as capitalism in several other countries Ib
proving unworkable.
Lord Reading has come out, timo
after time, with statements of this
kind, and no one expects anything
else from him. But why should
he take expensive trips to England
Which cost the taxpayers -something like $23,000, especially when
the earnings of the average Indian
worker Is five cents per day.
I wonder lf the poor taxpayers of
India will ever know the real reason for Lord Reading s recent trip
to England, the first of Its kind
since the advent of India's task
The chief fact that transpires
from the proceedings of the third
Congress ot the Polish Trade Unions, is that a distinct advance is
being achieved tn coming' to an
understanding with the national
minorities, an understanding which
ls of the greatest significance for
the further development of the
Trade Union Movement ln Poland.
The membership, like that of all
countries, has declined,.being 300,
221, against 445,774 ln 1921. On
the other hand the forces have
been effectually consolidated, as ls
shown by the faot that the 67 Unions existing In 1919 have now been
reduced by amalgamations to 31.
A further sharp rise ln the price
ot nearly all commodities has taken place, sugar and coffee being
the only things not affected. The
rise in wholesale prices ls quickly being passed on to the people,
and prices are now 5% times as
much as they were before the war.
Additional burdens are bound to be
Imposed shortly, when the Innumerable taxes on commodities
brought In by the new budget
comes into force.
Austrian Trade Unions declined
7 per cent, in membership in 1924,
but have enormously -increased
their financial condition, money ln
the Treasury going up something
like 50 per cent. The total membership ls 828,000. Unemployment
ls still very bad, but the spirit ot
the workers is rising. For example
the official journal of the Trade
Union Centre has a circulation of
The 7th Congress of the Trade
Union Federation of Nicaragua was
held recently at Managua; 20 organizations, affiliated and non-affiliated, taking part. The Conference may be regarded as the be-
glnlng of a new era for Trade Unionism ln Nicaragua; new rules,
based upon modern Socialist principles, having been adopted.
Membership of the Transport
and General Workers' Union Increased by 65,287 last year. As a
result of settlements effected by
the Union during 1924, over 4%
million pounds has been secured
for its members in advances in
PARIS—After fighting unaided
for many weeks, the Paris bank
clerks have been forced to return
to work without any substantial
Some of the smaller banks have
granted an increase of about $1.10
a month, and a coal allowance during the winter, but the big establishments have not only refused to
grant an increase, but have victimized many of the strikers.
(By Federated Press)
BRUSSELS—The metal workers
strike is in its third month and
despite the defection of the Catholic union, which represents only
few, the ranks are practically unbroken. Attempts of the employers to Import scabs from France
have failed dismally, and expressions ot International solidarity
have come from both Russia and
The Russian metal workers have
sent 66,000 franca but the executive of the Belgian metal workers
union has refused to accept it. The
British machinists union is balloting on a proposed 2 'cents per member assesment in support of their
striking Belgian fellow workers.
There are between 70,000 and 80,-
000 metal workers on strike. The
men are on strike against a 6 per
cent reduction in wages.
Russian Harvest Much
Larger Than Last Year
MOSCOW—Final harvest figures
as published in Economic Life
show a total of 4,144,000,000 poods
-—approximately 2,260,000,000 bushels—for the consolidated grain
crop of the Soviet Union. It is
about 750,000,000 bushels above
last year's showing.
The harvest will be partitioned
as follows: To the peasant population for food, seeding and the
feeding of animals and poultry, 3,-
123,000,000 poods; tor the urban
population, 339,000,000 poods; for
various purposes—that is, special
grants by the Soviet government,
to meet need inside or outside of
Russia—60,000,000 poods.
The surplus available for export
will be 622,000,000 poods, or more
than 10,000,000 tons, in the coming year.
By LELAND OLDS, Federated
Steady progress by the bricklayers' union in raising the wages ot
Its 70,000 members is Indicated in
a report on union wage and hours'
from 1913 to 1926 Issued by the
U. S. department of labor. The
report shows that ln 12 of the 40
leading oities covered by the investigation bricklayer scales on May
1, 1926, represented an advance
over the previous year. Only'one
city reported a drop in their wages.
The 44-hour week has becomo
practically universal with Charleston, S. C, and Cincinnati coming
Into this column between 1824 and
1925. Richmond, with a 46-hour
week is the solitary exception.
That union bricklayers in establishing these conditions have been
fighting the battle of such nonunion workers aB may still exist
is indicated by the department's
Btatement that "the union scale
generally represents the prevailing
minimum rate for the trade in the
locality even though all persons In
the trade may not be members of
the union." The case is similar to
the coal Industry where it is admitted that the fight ot union
miners for decent conditions keeps
nonunion wages and standards at
a higher level than otherwise.
Bricklayers get the highest
wages ln St Louis where the minimum rate is $1.76 an hour. This
is a gain of 60c or 40 per cent over
1920 and of 150 per cent over
1918. Washington follows with
$1.62 1-2 an hour, a gain of 62 1-3
per cent since 1918. The lowest
union scale is in Charleston.^ with
$1 an hour, the same rate as in
1920, but an increase of 160 per
cent over 1918.
Italy To Build Great
Fleet of War Vessels
ROME—Italy is considering a
new naval building program, as the
result of observations of recent naval manouvers, according to reports in reliable quarters.
Italian experts, it is claimed, are
convinced that the battleship has
lost its efficiency - as a fighting
force. This opinion has been
strengthened by the manouvers
when all vessels of the battleship
class were either "sunk" or "disabled" by submarines and aircraft
The projected new building program, it ls said, will consist in the
main ot destroyers, fast motor-torpedo boats, and submarines. Coincident with the change ln the
naval building program a great expansion of the naval air fleet ls
also proposed.
Among the new submarines planned ls one which will eclipse the
British X-l, heretofore regarded
as the most powerful underwater
unit in the world.
Maryland Rail Heads
Fear Strike Action
(Federated Press.)
BALTIMORE.—President Byers
of the Western Maryland Railway
Is holding conferences with W. A.
Paddock, assistant grand ohlef of
the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers; Fred Barr, vice-president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, and representatives of the grand lodges of the
Railway Trainmen and Railway
Conductors, as a result of the almost unanimous strike vote taken
by the train crews employed by
the company. Their grievance is
the refusal of the Western Maryland to enforce the wage award,
which was an Increase given by
the railroad labor board. AU other class 1 roads have accepted the
Unsafe condition of locomotives
since the company farmed out Its
repair work to contractors and so
locked out the shop crafts will
also be discussed.
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are built. No substitute for good solid leather in any
of my shoes.
Specials For This Week
Children's Slippers, clearing tt  $1.46 and $1.95
Ladies' Sample Shoes, regular ts $7 for  -  $2.96
Boys' School Shoes   $2.46 sod $2.96
Men's Work Boots (the famous "Skookum")   $3.95 and $4.96
Men's Dress Shoes, up to $10 values for   $4.96
163 HASTINGS STBEET EAST J^£?_&S!f * Page Six.
Friday, October 16, IS
(Reviewed by Leland Olds)        labor's tactics in fulfilling its role.
"F-NGLAND   ls  heading  rapidly He direets hls attack particularly
toward an era of great revolu-
agalnst those who harp on "grad-
tianary    upheavals,"    says    Leon  ua,nes* of °hangf as °PP°sed t0
Trotsky   In  one   of  the  keenest WWrlng  for   changes   involving
pieces of political sword-work since
violence.    He aims to show that
Tom Paine wrote The Rights of y'olence wiU inevlt*bly appear in
the course of the transition.    To
Man ln answer to Burke's reflections against the French Revolution. With a few exceptions Trotsky's Wither England? is also a
keen historical analysis. It Is directed against what Trotsky be*
those   who  advocate  only   parliamentary action he says:
"The puritans dealt the death
blow not only to Charles I, but to
royal absolutism as such and the
Heves to be the false lead given  Preachers   of   parliamentary   and
gradual changes are enjoying the
fruits of their act to this day."
Cromwell, Revolutionary Realist
He analyzes at some length the
hy Ramsay MacDonald and the Fabians In the British La for Party.
"England,"    Trotsky    writes,    "ls
headed for revolution because she
has already entered the stage of puritan revolutionary tradition
capitalist disintegration." He sees showing how It furnishes a pattern
that the tremendous industrial pre- 0f revolutionary action today, how
ponderance over the rest of the "the revolutionary realist Crom-
world, which was the basis of Eng- well" in building a new society
land's wealth and unprecedented openly recognized that parliament
world position, is gone and that was not and end in itself. He
consequently the productive forces points out also that "as a matter
. of England, particularly the pro- 0f fact we here find under condi-
letariat, are too great for the posi- tlons-of profound social upheaval
tion of England in the world that the dictatorship of a class as-
market. The chronic unemploy- sumes the form of personal dicta-
ment is indication of England's de- torship which alone ls capable of
cay- freeing the kernel of the nation out
"Unemployment In England is "of the ancient impediments."
no longer the normal reserve arm- "Mankind," he says, "does not
y," he says, but "a permanent so- exist for democracy, but democracy
clal stratum bornjof industry in its is one of the auxiliary jtools on the
prosperity and left without ground path of mankind's development. As
to stand on In its decline." soon as bourgeois democracy be-
Analysls Not Propaganda comes  an   obstacle,   it  should   be
Thus Trotspy establishes a basis destroyed. The transition from
for his prophecy, not as one en- capitalism to socialism does not
gaged in propaganda but as one emanate from formally democra-
'.analyzing the historical develop- tlc principles, standing above so-
ment of England and attempting clety* but from material conditions
to explain the historical path by ot tn<* development of society it-
which that country will encounter self- A scientific analysis of the
obstacles to Its continued exist- en<-lre historical process and the
ence." English capitalism will not Political experiences of our own
improve but will grow worse and -generation which includes the im-
the working class alone can fur- Perlallst war all bear witness that
nlsh the basis for saving the situa-   our civilization is threatened with
pressed class against its opressors,
or his predictions concerning the
sequence of event as the difficulties increase and the struggle
sharpens toward crisis in England.
The book should be read by any
one desiring to follow events in
what was the premier industrial
nation of the world.
A significant thing about the
book Is that It was written not in
England but in Russia. That Trotsky had to do a job that should
have been done in England seems
to indicate a lack of vitality which
may mean that the revolutionary
upheaval will not have the creative force to conquer, that English
industry will not be saved but will
enter a long slow decay like that
which followed the splendor of
British labor will need something more than decadent leadership for, as Trotsky points out,
once British labor enters the crisis
the conflict will be come worldwide
with "the most powerful support
of the bourgeoisie of the United
States" coming to aid the capitalist
class of England.—L. O.
Whither England?, by Leon Trotsky; International Publishers, New
York, $1.75.
b iHoatssSomtnt, ***S t* mav nro      f. **»
stagnation  and .decay.    Only  the
proletariat    can    accomplish    the
tion.     Nationalization   becomes   a
question of saving British industry.
Only the trade unions will supply transition to socialism."
from   their   midst  the   organs   of England Drives to Crisis
management of the nationalized in- it is impossible In so brief a re-
dustry. view to take up his argument that
This being the situation, accord- renunciation   of   violence   applies
ing to  his analysis,  he turns to simply to use of force by an op-
Economy, Service, Satisfaction
YOUR CAR TROUBLES repaired at least expense. Our ex-
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about your Automobile and Engine troubles. Our Shop is
fully equipped to render prompt and satisfactory service at
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Esplanade Garage & Machine Shop Ltd.
179 Esplanade W., North Vancouver, B.C.
Phone N.V. 8«2L
Office Phone
N.V. 693
Phone N.V. 839LS
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to the
undersigned, will be received by the
Council up to 8 o'clock p.m, on Tuesday, October 20th, 1925, for paving the
following streets:
Markham Street,  41st to 43rd Ave.
Angus Drive   37th to 41st Avenue.
7th Avonue, Trimble Street to Sasa*
mat Street.
44th Avenue, Carnarvon Street to McDonald  Street.
59th Avenue, GranvUle Street to Oak
Pnrk Drive, Granville Street to Oak
Hudson Stroet, Park Drive to 54th
'Form of tender, specifications and full
Information may bo obtained on application to the Municipal Engineer on
payment of the sum of $5.00, which
will bo returnod on receipt of a bona
fide tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten
(10) per cent, of the amount tendered
will be required with each tender as
security that tho tenderer will, if called
upon, enter into a ccontract and provide the required bond for the performance of the work.
The lowi-nt or any tender not necessarily accepted,
0. M. 0.
Municipal  Hall,   5851  West  Boulevard,
Vsncouver, B.C., October 14th, 1925.
It ls only by making the ruling
few uneasy that the oppressed can
obtain a particle of relief.—Bentham.
VOTERS' LIST now In course of preparation.    See that you name is included If entitled  to vote.
Special Attention
None but registered deed holders and
registered agreemeut-for-salc holders are
placed on list. Where agreement is registered deed-holder can not vote on
samo property. Register your agreements or deeds at once so that your
name can be placed on the list.
Householders and license holders In-
sorted  by declaration only.
Last day for making such declaration,
October 31st,   1925.
For information call Municipal Clerk
Fraser 1. List closes December 1st,
Clerk's offico will be open during
regular hours, and tho Municipal Clerk
will be in attendance at his office In
the Municipal Hail on the evening of
Wednesday, October 28th, from 7:80 to
9 p.m., for the purpose of taking dec.
Municipal Clerk.
German Miners' Head
Visits West Virginia
(By Federated Press)
Virginia's mine-war is not frightening president Frederick Huse-
mann of the German Miners' Union. Husemann is not waiting for
the close of the American Federation of Labor convention, whose
opening sessions he attended, to
invade the territories of miners'
strikes. With his interpreter, Dr.
George Berger and his official
guide from the United Mine Workers Union, Edward A. Wieck of
Illinois, Husemann is visiting first
the hard coal .strike area, then the
gunman-ridden, injunction-loaded
West Virginia bituminous battlefield, and after that he will push
on into other mine districts as far
west as possible, probably reaching
Colorado's pits.
Fort Garry Tobacco1
A  GUARANTEED 100% pure Virginia To-
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1-2-Ib., per tin 90c
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Cut Plug Tobacco
For the man who smokes a plug tobacco, we
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In one-half pound tins for. $1.25
In one-quarter pound tins for 65c
Imperial Mixture
Canada's Finest Tobacco
The finest quality Virginia Tobacco, giving a
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loj-jriiig is.i__uj__c.
1-lb., per tin $2.75
1-5-lb., per tin 60c
1-2-lb., per tin $1.40
1-12-lb., per tin 25c
Patronize Our Advertisers.
127 Esplanade West
Phone N. V. 101
Eburne Sash, Door &
Lumber Co., Ltd.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in
Our experience is at your service, and we will be glad to give you
an estimate on your bill, however large or small.
We have always some special prices on various grades of Lumber.
It will pay you to see us FIRST.
QUALITY LUMBER riday, October 16, 1925
Page Seven
>r. Curry's Campaign Manifesto
(Continued from page 1)
"Ins"  in the federal  House,
luid be amusing if it were not
serious, and the faot that the
pat   majority   of   the   working
fsses will probably vote for these
fporation lawyers and other gen-
|men representing vested inter-
is   perhaps   a   reason   why
ne of our intellectual lights re-
the idea that men, and mon-
ys,  could  possibly  be  descend-
of a common ancestor. -
is becoming more and more
[ident that parliamentary bodies
not rule, but are merely the
ted   men,   the   political   executes of the capitalist class, which
. today supplying very "liberal"
Impaign  funds  to   these   repre-
lThe  Two-Party  System  is  ap-
Lrently maintained with the ob-
|ct-of keeping the game going so
the attention of the masses
[ill not dwell on ' the   problems
iiich   are   to   them   matters   of
and happiness, but that they
lay maintain their faith in the
|>wers that be and continue "to
their duty in that state of life
liich it has pleased God to call
The Olass Struggle
[It should be evident to all who
(ink that there ls a class strug-
|e  which  is  constantly  growing
severity.    But what Liberal or
Imservative     nominee    possesses
le knowledge, or the courage, to
tal  with, this  vital  fact,   or  to
f.mit the obvious truth that mod-
sociey   ls   divided   into   two
tt classes, that which operates
machinery of wealth produc-
and  that  which  owns this
"The history of mankind since
Jlbal   society,   holding   land   in
fmmon, has been largely a his-
ry   of   conflicts  between   slaves
masters,   exploiters  and   exulted.   We have now reached a
when the exploited and op-
essed classes cannot attain their
mancipation  from   the   sway  of
-ruling  class—the   capitalist—
fthout once and for all emanci-
Uing society at  large  from all
Iploitatlon and oppression."
|Thls  quotation   is   from   Marx'
Communist   Manifesto,"   and   is
key which will solve the many
lysterles , of   the   relativity   and
]j_flict which we find today in
economic,   political,   intellec.
and moral field.
lThe   opening   sentence   of  this
|jrk is as followa:
f'A. spectre is haunting Europe,
Ie spectre of Communism."
(Since   the   great  revolution   in
usBla,   Communism has   had   a
name,   because  it  represents
Iccessful revolt against the  ex-
ling order, and lf the reader will
famine the report recently issued
the British Trades' Delegation
Russia, he will realize why this
and  why  the   Fascisti  move-
lent is developing even ln Eng-
Ind—the   land   of   democracy-
lid why the spectre of Commun-
seems   to   be   haunting,   not
lly  Europe,   but the   world   of
Imperialistic Capitalism.
lThe great upheaval of 1914 has
piously damaged the social order
Llch wise men    have    declared
lerlasting, and the fact that one-
lth of the land surface of the
irth,    and    one-eighth    of   the
grid's   population,   has   already
feed   itself   from   "the  sway  of
ruling  class,"  is  a  fact that
[ould induce even the politicians
; the old parties to stop and confer.
Ignorance Alone Enslaves
[The mind of man is aB a field
lady for the seed." Truth or
Llsehood may be sown there, but
(.he cause justifies the means,"
End to the class in power deceit and
llsehood become virtues when
(pplied to perpetuate their rule.
IHe who pays the piper sets tho
Sine." This ls true with regard
I. our press, pulpits, schools and
lolitlcal platforms. The class
Ihlch    controls    the    economic
forces, the food, clothing, shelter,
etc, controls also the minds of
the nation.
The greatest force today in
moulding public opinion is the
dally press. Professor Scott Nearing Informs us that over forty
million newspapers are distributed and read every day on this
continent. This is the "ignorls-
ing" force today which is obstructing the river of progress, and
which mav result in transforming
this evolutionary process Into a
torrent of destruction and death.
The self-confession of John
Swinton, once editor of the New
York Times, and friend of Eugene
V. Debs, shows how the intellect
of the masses is perverted and
kept in darkness regarding the
great problems of life. This ls
part of Swinton's reply to a toast.
"The independent Press": "There
is no such thing in America as
an Independent Press; I am paid
$150 a week to keep my honest
opinion out of the paper I edit,
others of you are paid (or similar
work, and any of you who would
be so foolish as to publish your
honest opinion would soon be on
the street looking for another
"The business of the journalist
is to destroy the truth, to pervert,
to villify, to" fawn at the *feejt of
Mammon, to sell his country and
his race for his daily bread. You
know it, and I know it, and what
folly is this, toasting an Independent Press? We are vassals and
tools of the rich men behind the
scenes. We are jumping jacks.
They pull the strings a*pd we
dance. We are Intellectual prostitutes." This accounts for the
falsehoods and slanders so often
directed against Soviet Russia by
our daily press.
This Is known as economic determinism. In reality, no one ls
to blame. It applies also to politicians of the "rich men behind
the scenes." It represents a phase
of human development, and it will
pass away with the passing of
class divisions.
The Unemployed Problem
Over-production and unemployment are the products of the machine age. They were unheard-of
during chattel-slavery and serfdom. During the age of hand
tools all the workers were kept
busy - maintaining themselves and
supplying the church, the warriors and the leisure classes, and
also supplying themselves with the
necessities of life.
Commerce, as we know lt, and
"a favorable balance of trade,"
had not yet arrived. Communities were self-sustaining and production and consumption balanced.
The producer owned the tools and
the products were his.
Steam power and machinery
started the Industrial Revolution,
the ever-increasing products of
labor and the growing army of
Even a century ago there was
a dearth of workers in America
A million black brothers were
herded into slave ships and sold
at auction to the planters of that
country, which had not long before fought a bloody revolution
for "Life, Liberty and Pursuit of
In Simon's "Class Struggles In
America" we learn that "a good
field hand, as late as 1860, sold
for $4,000." According to our
dally press, two years ago, during
the winter, wage-slaves were offered at auction on the "Common" at Boston. Only a few
were purchased, and the best
price was the slave's portion—
"Food, clothing and shelter."
Suppressed' Information
I have before me a pamphlet
entitled "Suppressed Information."
This was compiled from the 18th
Annual Labor Report of the United States.''
It was "suppressed" because it
explained the cause of unemployment and the progressive nature
of poverty, inherent under capitalism.
C. D. Wright, the Commissioner
of Labor, declared that machinery
was the cause of unemployment,
and we know that unemployment
produces famine, suffering and
The competitive struggle among
industrial combinations means the
constant application of labor-saving machinery, and organization,
since labor-time determines price,
and labor applied to natural resources produces all wealth and
use value.
"Suppressed Information" also
showed that, while owing to a
surplus of labor seeking a market
wages remained at a subsistence
point, the products of labor,,
through the evolution of the machine, continued to rapidly increase.
This government report presented these facts relative to the
basic commodity of the machine
age, known as pig-iron, and this
increase in productivity is as follows:
In 1870 the average product of
pig-iron per man was 66 tons, and
the profit per man was $322. In
1880 it had risen to 81 tons; the
profit enjoyed by the shareholders
was $560. In 1900 improvements
in the treatment of ore enabled
the average worker to produce
595 tons, and the profit per man
rose to $900.
In 1870 the annual wages were
$453 per man. _n 1900 it was
only $506, and owing to the increased cost of living the purchasing power or real wages had
This report also shows how
over-production, owing to this
evolution of the machine during
this .period, had increased the
armies of unemployed in America,
In 1890 fifteen per cent, of the
workers in the 33 states canvassed were out of employment part
of the time. In 1900 it had increased to twenty-two per cent'.
In 1903, during an industrial
crisis, fifty per cent, of 'the working class were out of employment
part of the year.  .
The main cause of this unem-
movement was "factory-closed."
Strikes caused less than three per
cent, of the trouble, while, ln
spite of the claims of our temperance advocates, only one-quarter of one per cent, were idle
through "the demon rum."
The demands of the great world
war forced production to the very
summit of its development. The
backward countries, the nations
of the Orient, up to that time the
dumping grounds of the surplus
value, crystallized from the sweat,
blood and life forces of the workers of the western world, became
producers. Capitalism forever
seeks a lower standard of living
in order to reduce the price of
commodities and to undersell competitors.
The recent upheaval in China
was due to the Invasion of that
country by Imperialistic Capitalism. The people rebelled against
the ruthless exploitation of their
workers in the mills of Mammon.
The war in Morocco, the invasion of weaker nations by the industrial powers ls for raw material and cheap labor. The Orient
represents the lowest standard of
living known, and while the industries of the western world are
slowing down and stopping, machinery of all kinds Is being set
up in the Orient. This is a phase
of the "Yellow Peril" which our
old party politicians never deal
The competitive struggle demands an ever-lowering cost of
production. Even the "Great War
to End War," and the greater
war now being prepared for by
the bankers and munition combines, who, like vermin and vultures fatten off the battlefield, are
under capitalism necessary ln or-
(By Louis  F.  Budenz,  Federated
* Press)
FAIRMONT, W. Va.—Police of all
■*• shapes, sizes and degrees-
state police, deputy sheriffs and
company gunmen—swarm In northern West Virginia at the present
time. The streets of mining towns
are full ot military display and
gun-show. One cannot walk around
the oorner without ru mining Into
a gun-toter, the gun openly displayed at the hip.
The olive-green uniforms of the
state police are particularly conspicuous, as they stride down the
street or hang around the court
house. They have been her almost
a year, ever since there were rumblings of a walkout in the northern
part of the state. The company
gunmen also strut about in gray
shirts and custom trousers, with
big pearl-handled revolvers hung
prominently from their belts.
Protests of No Avail
The City of Fairmont Itself has
plenty of blue-uniformed men. But
the city is in the hands of a miner
administration. Mayor Thomas V.
Buckley is a member of the United
Mine Workers. Both he and chief
of police Snider argue that there
is no reason for such a heavy force
der to dispose of the wealth coined
from the life forces of Labor.
The Remedy
It is obvious that this ever-increasing antagonism between the
ineeds of society and the class appropriation of these needs is the
cause of poverty, unemployment,
and the great evils which today
afflict mankind, and it is also evident that the remedy can be prescribed and enforced by the exploited and oppressed classes only.
The universal urge to live, to
fight and conquer our enemies,
which -brought our race up from
the distant past, that through
ages of struggle transformed our
ancestors, the cave-man, into our
generation, which with brain and
brawn has created the marvels
of today, is not going to lie down
and perish miserably because a
parasitic class seeks to prevent
this social chick from breaking
the shell of class rule and entering a higher and happier form of
Today we have demonstrations
of the coming change. In Australia the workers are about to
capture the Federal reins of political power, and have already
socialized, ln many states, important requirements of social life.
Labor, the Emancipator
The British Trade Union Delegation Report shows that numerous Socialist Soviet Republics now
affiliated have thrown off their
old exploiters and are laying the
economic and intellectual basis ot
a new social order.
The machine which today has
enslaved the masses will, under
social ownership and production
for use, free mankind from want
and abolish the cause of war and
class conflicts. As Emerson says:
"If you follow the chain of the
slave you will find it upon the
wrist of the master," and the
great world-wide labor movement
ls destined to emancipate, not only
the working class, but the whole
human race.
The ruins of* ancient empires
proves that slavery destroys Itself.
As before the fall of ancient Babylon, so today we can see on the
billboards of the universe the
flaming handwriting, the old indictment and prophecy:
"Capitalism, thou art weighed
In the balance and found wanting.
Thy days are numbered. Thy
kingdom shall be taken from thee
and given to the workers." In
that day all shall do useful work,
and there shall be neither slaves
or masters. In the words of Jack
London, "We shall all be joy-
smiths, and our work will be to
beat out laughter and song from
the ringing anvil of time."
of minnions of the law as have
been massed here. But the protests are of no avail.
Company Control
One who means to keep neutral
in this section must watch his step
closely. If he decides to photograph, interview anyone or express
his opinions, he must find out
ahead ot time who is in control of
the town. The company-controlled
towns will not allow any publicity
to go out except that which is favorable to the company cause.
There is always doubt, as to whether the county itself will not try to
drive the zealous correspondents
off the county roads. The operators bitterly resent some of the
publicity. that has gone out about
them, and recently the editor of a
Parkesburg paper made a special
trip to New York to protest against
any publicity favorable to the miners.
In miner-controlled towns, such
as Fairmont, there is a determination on the part of the administration to prevent the companies from
photographing any marching men
or others since it is likely that the
companies will later use theBe photographs in a national blacklist of
the men,
Blacklisting Purposes
The fact is, the Consolidation
Co., hired J. E. Windsor, manager
of the Fairmont Photo and Blue
Print Co., to take pictures of pickets and of the parade of Sept. 26,
in order to have a permanent record of the rebellious men.
"Why do the companies want
these photos?" Windsor was asked
by a Federated Press responsible.
"In order that these men may never get another job," he answered
with warmth, "If they ever try to
get work where the company haa
ihe upper hand, they will be given
the gate." Windsor feels the lineup here keenly, as he has been
subjected to more than one tongue-
lashing by union pickets, when attempting to photograph them for
the company archives.
"The women are the worst of
"all," he said. "They taunt you and
go   after   your   camera,  and   act
worse than the men.   You'd think
It was their strike."
Undoubtedly It ls!
Imperialists Prepare
To Wage War on Russia
LONDON.—That fears of labor
that the imperialist powers are
preparing for ultimate war against
Soviet Russia are not without
foundation is seen ln the plans of
White Guard Finland to make
unexampled military preparations
running into the billions of dollars. Of course this ls to be done,
as usual, by preparing for "defense."
President of the Defense Committee Hornborg, although admitting that Finland Itself could not'
afford such a pretentious and
costly plan, does not say where
the funds are to come from to
furnish Finland with the estimated $140,000,000 a year for ten
years, in addition to the cots of
maintaining the "civil corps," or
white guard.
Broadly hinting that money
from the larger capitalist nations
would be welcomed, Hornborg
says the economic aspects of the
plan Is causing the Finnish government concern, as it had been
hoped to make use of material
captured from Soviet Russia, but
this would not suffice and "something must be done to make Finnish defense more than a bluff."
I feel the force of mechanism
and the fury of avaricious commerce to be at present so Irresistible that I have seceded from the
study not only of architecture but
nearly of all art, and have given
myself, as I would in a beselged
city, to seek the best modes of
getting bread and water for its
multitudes.—John Ruskin.
___________■ Page Eight
Friday, October 16, 192d
&ateruit T>a^
Address All  Letters  and
Remittances to the Bdltor
QUp Canadian ffiabor A&trorafr
118B Howe Street, Vanoouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
;; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
New Blood for New Problems      injustice to Landowners ^JT^Tiq
-■———— in B. C.
^FTER a four years' public exhibition of second-rate oratory    Edltor ^^ Advocate
and fourth-rate thinking, Mackenzie King and his follow- pose, Mr. Editor, that you own
tlons that I have aaked above.
Sup-      Mission, B.C.
>y ui^i  ii mut. an puusiu euair ers are affording the workers of Canada an opportunity of land  here  ln  Brltlsh  Columbia    -The habits of our whole species!
-" -_„,__u   oiu,   «e  i^uuunu in once again seieCting nominal rulers.   As the protagonists of I^LrLT tn'^' f* ^ faU lnt0 three great clMse8: UseI
li.uu^.oua u-auiiaea u_w .ue u-iais   ,     jMlln„:+  T .u«-„i       j  r. x- _•    ^""feT"01*1  ui assume   that,   for   taxation   pur- fui Labor. Useless Labor, and Idle-I
uum   ,____,«__«,   u»e   won-iea   anu tne «ecreP--t Liberal and Conservative parties  rush into  the poses, the government of your lo- nes8.   0f course, the first only Is]
_._it__i; we uei-.e wrack tuiU iiieu- fray, the air resounds with the obsolete battle cries Of a dead oality assesses your land aB worth meritorious, and to it all the pro-J
u.. «__».____i w .^, u «„__«_ S0Ciai epoch and the prigtine si0gans born oY political expe- ,2,0°!' «« your la,nd *"for on8 duots of labor ri*shtfu»y belong; i
uuaw.u.i' u-t .uo. uau.c a u.i/.u- j:„„„„   „«„i_i x. -i       _. i , *.. year ** "*'• but the two latter, while they exist, j
mn »-«.   *u* is uie conclusion to diency. mentj" bankruptcy and moral cowardice. Suppose now that> owlng t0 bad are heavy pen8ioners upon the first I
u. _e«c__eu _ru_u uie eiecuou wo- That w(j Uve ^ & wo_,jd of swiftj_ chan ^     conditionS buslneBS and hard tlmes' *>* fal1 robblng " of a lar«e «>ortion oi "» '
«*iiu uiu .iic&uca ui Cupiuuisius ,        , * ,        ,, .. to pay that tax for three years in Juat rights.   The only remedy is,-as !
cuiumuu^s iu uie luesem, vtuiuuuan one   wOUia   little   imagine,   lt   one   relied   Upon   the   old-line succession. There are then arrears far a£ possible, to drive useless la-
icueitti eiecuou.   --mure *woi-__ lor parties   for   education.     The   free   trade    versus  protection of taxes against your land amount- bor and idleness out of existence.—
tue ..oiw," i-.ou____nnoou_i__o.-e «iSsue," which has done yeoman service for the last century ing t0 *m-   Tnen the *overn- Abraham Lmcoln-
cu-*.-, wuie »»ajjes, muie enjoyment.,       , xi_ .     , ,   , ..      ment adds on about $12 for pen- 	
luoie   coiiuoi..   i.o.   uie   saving and a Quarter, has again been resurrected,  and its mortify- alty  and   other   charges,   and   if      There are people    whoae   ears
e«___u- lor uie uicii lugger is larger illg bones transformed into the burning question of today.        you fall to pay the whole amount  are deaf to injuatices against the
buo.eib,  ior  uie ci-uiuunau wore _,    . . . ... . ,   ot   *162   the   government   causes workers, but who will weep at the
____e___i.e ion, iw Uie meun'* Hand lfte innumerable questions arising OUt Of a decaying SOCial your land to be offered for sale  sight of an injured cat   ...   .
luoici* ui-i .eii uiacuiues. * or ev- order, and insistently demanding a solution, are not men- by Public auction for spot cash at Some will resent an offence
eivoi_e  who  -s.ssa iu* ii>^6  „, tioned   ftg indeed th      cannot b       Th    t ld . ^    a tax sale of lands for the upset  against their  nation  to  auoh  an
uie _*»eai 01 hi* mow Uie enpen- '       ,     .;   ,£ . * .* ,_..*, , _   *  °>  ""    price of $170. extent as to go voluntarily to war,
uiuu-e 01 uioie uiuscuiar. energy, represent the financial interests, dare not speak of them, and These tax ^ of land.have de_ but at the same time win treat
.turn hub is aie jear ol since the voice of the Labor candidates, who alone are Untram- stroyed land values to such a de- wlth the utmost cruelty citizena of
i*»__o, aiier a veuuu-jr aiuu a uaa meUed js stilled by a wall of silence maintained by the kept *re* by their auction-hammer, spot their own nation who happen to
oi lueciiniuuu ue.eiopuieii. unpiu- onnfnaa +v,0     :*   '* iita £*    cash, quick- time method of sale  "^ong to a powerful social clasa.
aueu iu iue Jusioiy oi liiaiiiuiid. Press M ttle rulmg Caste.     10  contuse the mind Of the pro-  that  at       h ft 8a,e( H often hap_ _Dr. Benzion Liber, U.S.A.
Ami meu we uiiuii we are tuuiei ducing class, and thus prevent them from concentrating on pena that nobody is wining to buy -
v*i_at muie orowsius on tue hm their own problems, innumerable spurious "policies" are de- some parcels  of land for spot
would oe tio biupiu aa to euuoise
cash even for the upset prices. If
ol sucu coio-ual Iguoi-tuice,
•   •   *
down your  land  to the govern-    —*Mt«w Moona Monday
m_.„.  tn* ..,_. ..„.-* „....  ._  ..»«   ?WiW«iK J, K. Whit*; leonur/, H. U,
in Uk muuu.
such a pouuyi- oniy man in *uu<_y vised and heralded across the Country as the one saving balm thIg l™p™ ™ your cMe   Mr
guaranteed to usher in an era of peace and plenty; but on Editor,   the   auctioneer   knocks
real fundamental issues our rulers are silent.
Ji_i.ui.i-; \.._i_u___it, whose nils- „,,„   „„,.■„   ^„i.i,„j     e        j    • j   j- l •*_ _•       A    ment for the uPBet Prl°o °*f *W0, S'.winai? f. o. i»o_. Bit.
•Bioui._sM,iZreiuiuugiaul8 The entire method of^ producing and distributing the .„„ tt you fall t0 redeem your ^dkkat^ L_bum i-V-<-4aam
uuo tiumua, on oeuiui oi _ttci_.en- things required by man for his sustenance is in chaos. Thei'and during the next year you lose m^ ."J,,*"1^,^- w!.d___,diftt,«IIS
sue mus s "iau«ay puuey," u suit- whole world is locked together with bands of trade and com-Byour land entlrely. though it cost ingl. tt> n, n_»i»nai, c_._.__u»n; __. u.
eu dv  aie uuuv  mums on eoilUE to -ht _.      n        j    i.-     _     xi j       _. _i _i       i      _ ■y°u   $2,200. Horriion,   b.o.-Tr.M.;   Angui   JUelnnis,
eu oy aie uuuy pitss as rsoimt io merce#   iffe mU8t 8eU m& 6^ to tke ends of the earth wheat,B   „     ' _ , ■■-   ■ -       -»6** l^«not Edw»rd tttr..!, Vuiooavtr,
use "the peisoual loucu" in sub- ,,„.,, '..'"• .   ,       -,   ,    ., *,1   Hundreds,   and   probably  thou- B.C., Corr.uponding Seor.ury.
smuuou ior "coi-iespouueuce   ln lumber, tisli and. ores, otherwise we cannot eat bread, buildjfsands, of parcels and estates   of    Aaj <""»" -* "''■"" uu'umbu d«*
oruer to secui-e seiuers lor Can- houses nor produce tools.    Every country is in a like COndi-,iland have thus been lost by the Sr* uf. .ormMlon ° t'loeel°b-»nc_iM!"kinZ
uaa."    '•Personal touch" to riguu ^   M mm ^ & j     abr()ad       d fcw       ^       Vuvf7T  ^'T^l COnfls01atl10,J ^TT^lSIt mTUSS ISS*
Tne entu-e aiiair   ivlU   be   of   a '. ' ,*,,.•,.      _.,   i».of those landa by the provincial vmoouto,^   B.a    l'.l.phon.-".rmX.
••toiicuiiiit" ciiuiacier.   iue mum- chase.   The backward nations of the world have, during the,;and municipal governments ot b. i»b-*i, or b»Tti.w 66_u
grunt wui ue -toucucu" uy uie past few years, been turned into industrialized, manufactur-" *c- <v* account of non-payment of b_^__kx balesmk^,, local i7i—
c. p. k. tor ins tare; he will be ing countries, while the former centers of industry are in the *ax 0,aims' even thougn' ,n ** uMa^-m-ag. ViJ*\-]*i. ££**•
"touched" tty Uie CauaUiau govern-      . m, . ,.     _. --,.,,        v ,  every case, the land, by the gov- w«U;  iin»nci»i Mcretsry, a.  _ Bow
meut ior -.eu uouuis as a bet that ruins.   The once mighty German Empire has been stamped ernmenfs own  assessment,  was g* yi•™J£JT-Imm L00AL
he canuot swy tiuee years ou a in the dust.   Prance crumbles under a load of debt.   The iron declared to be worth several times    as—Meeti Mm ud turd Fridays in
farm - ana  uve.  He   will  be heel of capitalist dictatorship stalks through half a dozen the amount of the tax cla,m-        '"» m^8ldentW6RH"tl,,S_.wn• "sa?
"wuciieu" uy tue iuo.isug;c com-                   nations     The British IsIps   onpp  thp workshon  of l8  there  any  3ustloe  in   such Cn,rle' 8*-- M*wetory-tr'e»iurer, Oeorg.
puuies, aud by the farm implement tunereni nations,    ine cniisn isies, once tne wornsnop oi treatment of iandowners? gwriion. ugg i*u-r st.	
companies; he wiu be "touched" the world, has a working population living on the brink of Wftra .„„,.„„_. „,„„ .„„ th„t ., KwaiwEKBa—the ihthikuatioiial
h„ ^mT»i«. ,*,.,,1,i,i..ipa and banks.   _        _•      i_                        **rtr                      e Here someone may say that, lf     U1U0J( 0F STEAM AJND OPKBATIMO
oy eievatoi compames uuu uauao. starvati0n because no one wants to buy the products Of their a landowner does not pay his tax- —Loosl  8BS—Mteti   ovory   Wodntidij
Be will be "touched by hull storms                            T .    _                  . ,                          .                                 , th   _.„™,„m«„t h.. -„ «v.„i„o »* » P-m.. Boom »0«, Holdon Building.
,....!  hurmiut diomrht-  and 11 he laDor-    Th6 United States, richest Country in the World, and ?*• the government haa no choice Pr,lid;nt>,0h„1„ fri'c,; „„,„,„ H,;t
and burning diougut,  ana u ne                                     .    ..»                     _     y                          > but to ooinfiacato his land.              »nd nnonoUi oooroury, IP. L. Hunt; ro-
possesses a spun the   siae  of a banker of the world, has a vast number of unemployed men .     cording ....our-., j, y. vonn.
knat's aaikie ho will be "touched" and Jdie workshoDS   Here in Canada-our condition is similar ..   oplmon..'" wrong' D®" muhiciams'   mutual pkoteoiivi
wiuiautry raise ai-iiis owuauua- worKsnops.   xiere in -uanaaa our cunuiuun is sunuar. cause   theg6   qUeBUonB   may   be     umus, l_o*i iw. a. ip. of m.-
biuty.   Then walker shakes him Our rulers trumpet abroad that a larger population is needed, asked: ?,X%^u.vf«o?d'U,Bundy.T" *m
by the baud the -touchm*" pro- and the streets of Canadian'towns are so full of idle workers . ,(1) *■ Z"6 system of tax&ti0i] ».m.  freiidont, a. o. muih, mi *oi-
-~— ■■-    •■ ,,.,,,,,.*, fair and Just, or ls it unfair and  oon itreet;  oeorotuy,  £. A. Jamiuon,
cess wiu omy nave startea. that placards must be displayed a thousand miles away warn- uniU(rt. •" M«»"n itnot; Hnanona laoroury,
' r, . .,-,.,., unjusi; w   B>  wuniiii,, »wi Walton itreet; or-
J   •   « ing others not to come, into some particular district. (2) is the non-payment of taxes mniior, r. n'l.uher, mi Jioaion itroot,
BRITISH CAPITALISTS are fe- by the landowner due to bad bus- THB   FEDERATED   BEAfABEM'
ported to be considering loan-       The economy of capitalism, production and distribution lnyeBS and hard tlmM caUMd by a    ojwm  o^ ou^gfjQg-
lng the overseas Dominions two or for a profit, can no longer supply the needs of man with the  bad, unjust system of land taxa-  im Hotting! Streot W.', VoneooTor, B.u!
three hundred nuuion pounds at means of ^   The WOrking class, barred from the owner- tlon? v^-Kn"' fSSum*-S££a% te
about two   per   cent Interest, »,..., »        *.    .. *,   •       » at**    — a      (8)As the system  of tax sales Treuurer. Wm. H. Donoldion.   Vlotoria
order to help move the populace ship of the means of production, are being forced lower and of ,;_.., u ye'ry dlffereint from %££?_£•£; Qt.,n miok, SLt
trom their native sou to strange lower in a frantic effort to meet international competition, that of ordinary land sale at a "Y"^a^^^'0(,Mj^n'll1u,0M<_:
shores.   This .according   to   the jdle men  ^ workshops. and an impoverished populace, this real estate office, ls the tax aale t>r„ident, K. e. Pettipiece; vioe-proo-
daily press, would   be a good to" ....     ..           „        ._ ,. .                          •_._._.       ±   _      _-_n    system a fair and proper way of Wont,  0,  P.  Oompboil;  eeoreurjr-ireoi-
Z7«»m«  L«u«e   we   are told, is the heritage of capitalist economy as it attempts to stifle   '..' *"r B u "' v       y      w, a. h. _.o.i.n<_i. _>.o. b0> m.
vestment, because,    we   are uuu, ,.,..,,,,.       _., .    .    *     ,           . . •                „         selling land? u„„ lMt Hundoy ol oooh montk tt t
Britain is already "spending more mankind in its death-grip.   This IS the harvest We reap from      (4)   Has  the   government   any p.m. in Holden Building, lo Huting! E.
than *100,000,000 a year to pay- applying age_0ld and palsied slogans to  new  and pressing *«•*, on account of a tax claim wuijttji  WWJU*   MPowuifJUOA},
ment of doles, which have brougbt *V[ JJ    *                    *                 B                                                    of *170, to confiscate land which, U^X 'ta-mSSSS: J*  *.
no benefit at aU."   No benefit at pruuieuia.                                                                        j   i^^-^l^gy by the government's own assess- Oimpb.li,  P.O.  Box* tot.    idoou  lut
all to keep men trom starvation, ja  this  morass   of social  contradictions   and  conflicting ment of the land value, is declar- Thur.di-/ of «ieh month.   ________________
to feed hungry chudren, to save      bi       b t possesses the courageous understand- •« *?,*• 7fth *2-000?   * »ot the oanadiau
women's virtue?   'Iwo per cent, on "v " "6 » m. • u that like seizing a horse for the
the one hand and two million hun. iiig to point a way out.   The representatives ot Labor are prlce ot th6 Badale? IGablir   Ah HO rat I?
gry unemployed on the other, but ^g only 0nes not hog-tied by vested interests.    Their program (B)  Similarly,  haa the govern-          wltJ^tch ft ^ctnrwritod
as the latter cannot be put to woric                     f      h   immediate amelioration Of the workers' lot, ««* any right to confiscate land TH£ BEIIISH 0QLmiJ^ raMEA.
It ls better to transport them out *■?»■'*                        „      ,                                        i             .... for  any  claim  which   is  less  In                        TIOSIST
ot the country.  And then they tell but with their eyes fixed on the supreme goal ot socializing amount   than   the   government's
ua that tlie "Beds" would ruin the the means of production and distribution, and securing for own assessment of the land value?
country, would break "V*«*°™>< those who toil the full fruits of their industry. New methods if  you  rainy  consider  these        Bu>iMSS Md EdltotU1 omct
and   would   practice unnameable „„„m_.«,_.     *V\sn wrsrU n-f tn/lnv questions, Mr. Bdltor, I think you  1129 Howo St.
vices   and debaucheries    'Those are needed to deal[vn h new problems.   The world of today mu8t ^ ^ ^ landowners The Canadian Ubor Adyocate „ . non.
tbat have oyes to see let him see." js not the World Of 1910.    The Candidates Ot Labor represent  ot BCi ftre be|„_ un*tuatly treated   factional weekly newspaper, giving newi
^* r*$     a\*r.      lofimnv. InVini*     maiiakiah!     ***      ___h4l____
—~ the new ideas that must be applied to the problems of today, by the provimeiai and municipal
The modern form    of    private Decadeg 0f alternating Liberal and Conservative sway have Kovemmenta of thia province,
uronerty la simply a legal claim ni__.ii.        i        v.- ». „„ +v.«„ j„.„j _«f      What is the cause of this un-
to take a share of the produce of proven sterile for all but themselves, because they dared not ^ ^.^ rf landowner. here
the national industry without pay- do anything except obey the behests of those who owned ta British Columbia?
Ing for it.—Bernard Shaw. tj.em>   rp^g tjm€ ^&H come for the working class to challenge     That queatlon I do not propose
 *  . , j mil..       i Trnmi.  t at__yd to answer at present, but I sug-
send in Your subscription Today, tbe authority of their rulers-VOTE LABOR.    . ge8t  ^ wery  mdw  Bhould
By tho Lsbor Publishing Oo.
of the farmer-labor movement in action.
Subscription Ratei: United Statei and
foreign, $2.50 per year; Canada, |2
per year, $1 f r eix months; to unloni
subscribing in a body, 16o per member per month.   -
Member Iho Fedoratod Pross and Iho
Brltlih Labor Preu T
[Friday, October 16, 1925
Page Nine
Picture Shorn     Child Slavery in the U. S.
[OST people go to church feeling serious. They are Justified
lhe soul-business ls a serious prob-
pm. Some people read their daily
apers teeiing bored. They alao
te justified, tor the average news-
M>er stutf ia about as uninterest-
kg thlnga such aa freight ratea.
Kho wants to hear about them
ay way? Freight rates haven't
plved the European chaos, and
W won't solve our difficulties
(ther.   However, I didn't start off
talk politics. To continue with
lhat people do. They go to pleura shows, at least quite a lot of
aem do, when they're not too
Idly broke.
(.Now I was going to aay HOW
fey ahould go.   They Bhould al-
aya, without exception* be ln a
llvoloua and light-hearted mood,
jrepared to take very little aeri-
sly.    Even the sob-stuff.   They
fcould recollect that just as the
Lily presa ia the tool of the cap-
Lliat claas, so the picture trade is
hool, and considering the num-
|r of people it affects and intlu-
ces, no insignifcant tool.
IWe learn several things at pic-
re showa  (which, as aforesaid,
|ould not be taken seriously). We
un a variety of facial contor-
tns;   how   life  is  lived   by  the
[eat ones; how life is NOT lived
the rest. We learn sentiment,
^e. the feeling that makes you
op a dollar in the box when you
bant to give only a nickle; the
pling that makes you patriotic
ready to wipe your brother
Ive oft the face of the earth,
len the boss tells you to. The
fling that makes you feel a sort
[warm gratitude for the grace
beauty and gratitude of the
ster   class,   the   feeling   that
ices you content with your place
Ahe jungle of capitalism.
Picture shows are a rich enter-
tttnent if you go prepared to be
(By Federated Press)
for the Atlantic County District Council of Carpenters to give
tne A. F. of L. convention one of
tne snappiest samples of propaganda for the Child i_abor Amendment
tnat has yet been put across. When
the delegates gathered for the
special child labor session of the
laoor meet, each found on his desk
a leaflet strip 18 inches by 6 inches
headed Food for Thought, and
carrying in vivid display type, the
following, in part:
'Do you know that since the Supreme Court in ln'i'i declared the
Child Labor Law unconstitutional,
child labor in the factories, fields
and canneries has increased at an
alarming, rate?
"Do you know that the increase
in 11' cities is 57 per cent, in 14
cities, 24 per cent., while in others
it has run up to 800 per cent?
'Do you know that in Waterbury,
Conn., nearly EIGHT times as
many children are at work as
there were a year ago ?
"Do you know that working in
the beet-fields makes the backa of
little boys and girls crooked, and
that in two counties alone in Colorado there are  715  CHILDREN
UNDER 6 7ARS of age and 1.400
between 6 and 16 at work in the
fielda from eight to ten hours a
day for weeks at a time?
"Do you know that in the anthracite mining diatrict of Pennsylvania MANY CHILDREN of 18
and 14 YEARS of age have taken
their place aa full-time wage-earners?
"Do you know that the child
morality ratea are distressingly
high in this same district?
"Do you know that in Louisiana
in the oyster and shrimp canneries CHILDREN OF 8 AND 10 AND
12 are working from aix o'clock In
the morning until ten o'clock at
"Do you know that in North
Carolina boya may enter the mills
at 12 and boys and girls between
14 and 16 may be employed
"Do you know that ln Oeorgia
orphans or children of widowed
mothers may work in factoriea at
the age of 12 and may be worked
sixty houra a week, and that after
they are 14% they may legaUy
work all night?
"If you do not' know all theae
facts and figures—and they are
only a drop in the bucket—it is
about time you did?"
Reservoir of Private Wealth
fildren Participate
in [Strikers' Parade
I'AIRMONT, W. Va. — When
lusands of school children took
|t ln the big Sept. 26 demonstra-
of the United Mine Workers,
jlaring   ln   banners   that   They
i't Destroy the Union Spirit of
■Kiddles, it was more than manicured sentiment.
he United Mine Workers are
ponsible tor the new school-
Iks ln the hands of all union
}ers' children in West Virginia.
en the present term started
8, It waa discovered that West
Klnla had no free textbook law.
\t had been prevented by the
operatora lobby at Charleston.
h>on learning of this condition
I .national aeeretary Thomas
jinedy sent funds to purchase
achool booka for the striking
lera' children, amounting to ov-
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
T ABOK'S venture Into insurance
as weU aa banking ls entirely
logical in terms of an analysis of
Ute importance of insurance assets
to the present business system by.
vice-president H. S. Ives of the
casualty insurance Clearing house
of Liliicago before ihe itoc-ky Mountain i. uoiic ll UUties Conference.
According to Ives the $ia,oo0,0O0,-
000 assets of American insurance
companies form "the largest reservoir of private wealth to which
business has access."
Ives classes insurance with the
railroads and public utilities as
enterprises closely associated with
control of the whole business system. He says: "If the advocates of
national socialization are able to
confiscate these enterprises in the
name of the state, it will not be
long before they will get control
of all business. Theae are indeed
key industries and must be protected from political exploitation, repressive and unfair regulation and
confiscatory taxation if our present economic system is to survive."
Insurance Investments
"Immense sums," he asserts,
"are borrowed from insurance
companies by the electric light and
power industry. Insurance investments in transportation equal 12
per cent of the total railroad capitalization. Large sums have been
placed ln farm mortgages, ln hous-
he controversy arose about diet.
apple of discord waa not an
be but a homely prune.   I had
1 finished raving about the val-
Eof prunea and their uae as a
[ltitute for' the harmful drugs
medicines which glut the mar-
land I felt quite sure that I had
[vinced my hearer.   But she in-
ned me quite cooly,  however,
It ahe objected to dried fruita
[ause they are not clean.
I'Clean them then. Sterilize them.
them ln boiling water for a
lond or ao lf you must slay the
|ms that lurk ln the juicy paths
of the prune, but DON'T cook
them, lest you destroy the vita-
mines—whatever those are," I
She remained obstinate.
Now that's what I call straining:
at a gnat and swallowing a camel.*
I don't mean We do swaljoyr' camels. Worse. Just think of the
fried food, the hot cakes, the new
bread, the white flour, the terrible:
meals and awful drinks. Just
think of the wholesale adulteration of food, the . contamination
of meat, to Bay nothing of the
rubbish that isn't food at all, that
ls sold for profit.
Some people can't reason at ail
ing ventures and in private businesses of all kinds. These investments are a vitalizing force ln
business development.
"Because of the intricate and intimate relationship existing between ' insurance and every other
enterprise of the modern world,"
he continues, "because of the.dependency of trade and commerce
upon this great industry, the socialists in our midst have for a long
time desired to make a state monopoly out of it. They realize that
if they can accomplish thia they
have taken the longest forward
step toward the socialization of all
buainess, and their reasoning ls
altogether logical."
Tapping the Under-Dog
This indicates the primary reason for the interest of the financiers in insurance. They have built
up the life and fire insurance companies as a means of tapping the
incomes of the small business men,
professional people and the working class for the funds to build
their great industrial combines,
and all without giving these real
Investors to the extent of $12,000,-
000,000 any share in the control of
the enterprises Last year, according to department of commerce
data, the financiers aecured jl,-
724,996,000 in funds from 45 life
insurance companiea representing
about 81% of the total life insurance assets of the country. Thus
through the life insurance companies alone they must have secured
at least $2,000,000,000 in funds.
The first 6 months of 1925 are
running more than 13% ahead of
the first half of 1924 assuring over
2% billion dollars from this source
for the entire year.
The unions are going into insurance in order that labor may control the investment of funds which
lt provides Instead of turning them
over to open shop financiers.
Through   tattered   clothes   amall
vices do appear;
Robes and furred gowns hide all.
So this is the paper you have
teen wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
Why Pay
CEVERAL customers have
^ told us they have seen
merchandise that we are
handling selling down town
at higher prices.
Men'a Cottonade Pants, regular
$1.95    sale    $1.75
Painters'   Bib Overalls,   sale  96c
Carpenters' White Duck Overalls, reg. $2.50, sale  $2.20
All Wool Mackinaw Ooats, $7.25
* and     .    $8.00
Men's First Quality Knee Gum
Boots, sizes 6 to 11  $4.25
Children's First Quality Knee
Gum Boots, 6 to 10%.... $1.96
Men's All Leather Work Boots,
$3.45 and     $4.80
Arthur Frith&Co.
Han's   and   Boyi'   Furnishings,
Eats, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phona Fair. 14
Geo. McCuaig
Phona Sty. 1070
748 Bichards Straet, Vancouvtr, B.O.
Specialist ln Trusses for Men, Womta,
Children and Infanta
Phont Sty. 3820
959 Robson Street, Vancouvtr, B.O.
23  Tears  Established  in  Vancouvtr
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WlU  Curt  Tour  Rheumatism,   Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
744 Hutings Bt. W. Phont Sty. 8070
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
887 Hastlngi St. W., Vancouvtr, B.O.
Telephones: Stymour (688 and 6667
This WUl Interest
$1.90 Per Pair
Single Sin 95 Otnta
Vancouver, B.C.
Between 7th and 8th Avenues
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Or. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 tor Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gas were the sole
-*- agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operations.
About ten years ago NOVOCAIN was introduced, and it is sale to aay
that this is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, and
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It ls a great thine to say truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the nse of Novocain, work can bo done thoroughly, tlmt la save*.
and the cost is less than before.
No Drugs Used in Examination
•T-HIS advertisement meana high-
-*-   grade   glasses,   with   a   thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of  all   work   turned
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
680 Robson Street
Phone Sey. 8955
2nd NARROWS BRIDGE opens early in November
Buy Your Homcsllc Beforo Prices Increase
Tax Sale Lots can bo purchas.d hero without Additional cost
28 LONSDALE AVENUE Phone North Van. 8-11
[Keep the Grain at Home and Eat It-Vote Labor
By that, I take it, our prices and styles
are right
are Union made.
Dark blue ■• $2.00
Khaki     $2.00
Chambray   $2.25
are U,nlon made.
Stripes    $2.75
Blues      $3.00
Combinations  §5.00
Stanfield's   Underwear—From
,     t'Uit   $5.00
Light  weight and heavy weight
combinations and two-piece
Friday, October 16, 1925
The Labor Party
Labor Candidates are pledged to place the interests of Canadian
Workers First and Foremost
Labor's Candidates Are:
Vancouver, North -
Burrard -
Centre -
South -
New Westminster -
This advertisement is donated by friends of the Labor Party Friday, October 16, 1925
Page Eleven
No Laurels Added at R. R. Meet ^-SfL
r\ETROIT,  Mich.—The Maintenance of Way Employees convention which opened in this city,
'September   14th,   and   adjourned
September 28th, added no lailrels
i to the union, nor the labor movement as a whole, as a result of
their  "deliberations".    While  numerous speakers of various A. F.
bf L. unions addressed the convention none seemed to have a grasp
of  the  problem   confronting the
j working class.   Out of the maze of
, eloquence, lauding Democracy, urg-
(•■ ing the workers to co-operate with
the  employing class,  condemning
the activities  of  the  progressive
. minorities in the unions, one lone
voice in the person of Dennis E.
Batt, editor of the Detroit Labor
. News, brought the delegates back
|, to a realization of the struggles of
the   workers,   repeatedly   urging
them  to  get   POWER,   organized
Presidents Report
The reading of the President's
' report by the President, proved to
be, as one of the delegates stated,
, a veritable mulligan, embodying a
. few working-class phrases,  a su-
* per-abundance of Babbitt philosophy, and an unintentional condem-
I nation of the craft form of organ-
f lzation.   After considering the dan-
\ gers of company unions and dual
organizations,   the   one   plan * that
,would stop such dangers is dealt
1 with by the President as follows:
j "I do not in any way question the
[theory underlying the amalgamation plan, although no solution of
[same is yet in sight.    It is very
jeasy   to   formulate   theories   and
Ithesis, but It is an altogether dif-
lferent  matter to  carry same out
[successfully  ln  a  practical  way."
|This is followed by an insinuation
jthat " a certain force that is causing disintegration and disharmony"
[ire the only advocates of amalga-
Oompany Unions
The presentation of resolutions
tas ln one case a surrender to the
railway managements, which was
supposed to show the companies the
aselessness of company unions:
^Resolved, That this Brotherhood
jleclare itself willing and anxious
enter into a programme of cooperation with the management of
ny railway that will accept our cooperation, It being distinctly understood that  the acceptance  of
76 Hastings East
Lata 81th Batt and 72nd Batt.
this plan shal be a recognition of
this Brotherhood and an agreement of co-operation must be between such railway and this organization, and it being further
understood that such a plan must
provide not only for Improvement
ln savings to. the management, but
likewise for Improvement and the
privilege of sharing in the financial
savings on the part of aMintenance
of Way Employees—."
.  "Labor's Friends"
Not content with surrendering
their organization on the industrial
field, the convention decided to
continue the farce of endorsing
"labor's friends" in the political
field, by unqualified endorsing the
Conference for Progressive Politieal Action, which ls to continue receiving the Unions' support, "as
long as it maintain a strict non-
partizan attitude."
The debate on the Provident
Fund, which lasted about a day
and a half, revealed the .terrible
conditions under which the Maintenance of Way men and their
families existed, so taken aback
were the delegates, that one delegate asked to have all reference
of trackmens' wives and chlldern
sleeping on straw expunged from
the records, another pointed out
how humiliating this all was to the
ladies in the gallery. Various
schemes of insurance were proposed, only to meet the general objection, that it would necessitate an
increase in dues.. Out of the' various plans presented was one demanding Social Insurance such as
that in operation in the Union of
Socialist Soviet Republics. This
delegate urged the convention to
get behind this scheme and demand that Insurance for the workers be paid out of the profits of
industry. The fate of the Provident Fund will be determined by a
The Communist Bogey
A clever piece of "machine"
work was pulled off on a resolution calling for Amalgamation of
certain Railway unions; at the psychological moment a telegram was
read from B. M. Jewell, president
of the Railway Employees' Dept.,
A. F. of L: "It occurred to me
you might be interested in action
taken by Carmen and Boilermakers' Conventions on so-called amalgamation issue. Question was
thoroughly discussed in both Conventions for an entire day. It was
proven and admitted that the recent Chicago Amalgamation Convention was dominated by leaders
of the Communist Party, who are
intent on using the American Labor Movement to promote their
revolutionary activities. The record conclusively proves that the
Worker's Party In America is subordinate to the Communist International of Russia, that the Workers' Trade Union Educational League, of which Foster is the head, is
also subordinate to the Moscow
Communist International, that the
International Committee on Amalgamation of which Wagner is
secretary and which attempted to
The Russian periodical Labor
Statistics publishes the results of
an enquiry held for the purpose
of ascertaining the amount of the
revenue and expenditure of the
Russian workers. The results of
the enquiry showed that, because
of Increased wages, expenditure
had increased throughout ln November, 1924 (the date of the enquiry), as compared with November, 1923. The increase amounts
to 12-14 per cent, in Kharkov and
In the Don district, up to 40 per
cent, in Moscow, Leningrad and
The expenditure on foods forms
about 45 per cent, of the total expenditure in a working class
household. Taking into consideration increased food prices, there
is an increase of 10-40 per cent,
as compared with last year with
respect to the quantity of food.
As to the various foodstuffs, a
qualitative Improvement in nourishment is noticeable. Whilst less
bread and potatoes are consumed, the consumption of meat, fat
and sugar goes up. The demand
for clothes is from 20-25 per cent,
higher than last year, which is
also a sign of the general improvement in the workers' living
As far as Moscow Is concerned,
the average revenue of a worker's family is about 100 gold rubles, and the average expenditure
about 97 rubles.
Notes From the Camps
A, & L. Log Co., Haney Chinese Workers Wage
Warfare on All Fronts
"The history of the white man's
civilization is not a pretty one. It
has mostly been one of conquest
and gambling" and loot. . . These
men with bayonets, and these men
dreaming of profits, have differed
very little, regardless of j the time
or the flag under which they have
.conquered or looted. . . . None
has been a conqueror or imperialist
in his own eyes, but each in his
turn has pointed the finger of
scorn at the other fellow, and accused him of bad faith in dealing
with weaker, far-away peoples."—
"The Rising Temper of the East,"
by Frazier Hunt.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Hecclpt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vanconver, B.C.
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
promulgate the so-called MINNESOTA plan of amalgamation is, in
fact, the plan dictated by Foster
under the direction of the Moscow Communist International.
When a vote was taken, only three
Carmen voted for amalgaamtion.
In the Boilermakers' Convention
there were about the same number
in favor of amalgamation. By this
record and admission the advocate
of amalgamation in the future
must surely be recognized by the
members of the bona fide labor
organizations as aligned with and
supporting not American Trades
Unionism but revolution for the
destruction of our Government in
America ■-under the direction of
Russian Communists.
Trickery Exposed
This piece of trickery was Immediately exposed by a delegate from
Canada who explained that the
telegram was a red herring drawn
across the trail to prevent the delegates from considering amalgamation on Its own merits. After outlining the development of the
Trade Union Movement in Britain
and its steady growth towards Industrial unionism, the O. B. U. of
Canada, the C. B. of R. E. and
other organizations were demands
for the Industrial form of union-
Ism. The question was Immediately put and defeated with a possible
thirty voting for amalgamation.
Thus ended one of the greatest
tragedies, covering as it does an
organization of the lowest paid,
least considered, workers in America, who dared not consider amalgamation—because it was considered and advocated by their fellow
workers ln the Workers' Party of
G. A. C.
■T*HIS .outfit is strictly "highball,"
running four sides. We are
pulled out of bed at 6:15 a. m.,
have breakfast at 6:30, and leave
camp for the woods at 6:50. On
some of the sides the men have to
walk from a mile to two miles before they arrive at their destination to start work at 7:30. Lunch
is at 11:30, when the riding and
walking Is reapeated (only the fallers and buckers are allowed to
have lunch in the woods).~ The
lunch gong rings at 12:15 after
which the walking and riding is
once more performed, and work
resumed at 1 o'clock.
At 5 p. m. the day's toll comes
to an end, and after the fourth
journey to and from camp we get
supper at 6. Lights go out at 9
p. m., which means that we all
should be In bed recuperating our
strength to "wrestle chockers" on
the following day.
Board cost $1.35 per, which includes blankets. The quality of the
food is below the average. Apples
are the only kind of fruit we ever
see, and they are of a variety that
would lead one to the conclusion
that the Fraser Valley farmers
were operating granite quarries,
before entering the tombstone and
monumental business.
The less said about the mental
development of a Considerable portion of the crew the better. Eighty
per cent, of what I think the Editor would refuse to put In print, so
I shall leave it to the reader's imagination. There are several 100
per centers, of different denominations, who appear to have an
idea that some day before they die,
they may become a hook tender or
"side push," or If their ambition
soars a little higher, probably president of the company. Labor
questions are conspicious by their
absence, that is the questions exist
in abundance, but they are never
whispered about.
Pay day comes once a month,
this in spite of the Semi-Monthly
Pay Act, but then Honest Oliver
is busy on the Election, in the interests of King's railway policy.
Three shower baths are provided
for a crew of over 200 men, the
wash room is also too small for the
number of men employed, but the
rainy season is near at hand, so we
will be able to get daily baths in
the open air. These wHl also be
of the shower variety, and one will
not need to undress to perform the
ablution. <
The camp Is between two and
three hours ride from Vancouver.
One can ride out on the Pacific
Stage for $1.25, and back to town
on the C. P. R. for $1.15. Quite a
number of the trew go to town for
the week-end, which Is a good
thing for the transportation companies, when we figure that 250
men going to town and returning
will pay out $600 in fares. Incidentally, this explains the desire
of the C. P. R. nnd C. N. R. for
Immigrants. However, a trip to
town appears to do the "boys"
good. Sometimes they come back
singing the "Red Flag," but Oliver's Brew has more to do with this
sudden political transformation
than has any ideas they imbibe
from Bolshevik agitators in Vancouver. P. 32
(■■Step by step, as the working
class has risen to higher intelligence, It has come to discern that
the conflict does not Ho between
nation and nation. The Interests
of the working class are everywhere the same. The struggle Is
of the working class of all nations
against the exploiting class of all
nations. It Is no longer confined
to one country alone. It is of every country. It is as wide as the
world.—F. H. Wentworth.
i MOSCOW—Recently the strike
movement in China has spread to
Chinese undertakings also. The
printers, rallwaymen, post and telegraph employees and the textile
workers In several industrial centres have put forward a number of
demands, increase of wages, the
eight hour day, vacations, the recognition of the unions, etc.
In this conection the strikers
stress the fact that the strike
movement ln the Chinese undertakings is purely an economic one
and not as is the case with the
foreign undertakings, political. The
working class is marching at the
head of the movement for national freedom and bears the chief
burden of the struggle against the
one-sided agreements and for customs autonomy. —
At the same time the working
class is carrying on a struggle for
the betterment of Its owil condl-.
tlons of life. An appeal of the
Shanghai Trade Union Council
points out that wages have remained stationary for ten years
despite an increase in the cost of
living amounting to a 100 per cent.
For this reason the Chinese employers must grant the demands
of the workers, otherwise strikes
will be declared.
Send ln Tour Subscription Today.
Ask Any Labor Man.
Housekeeping   and   Transient
Central—Terms Modorato
Under   New   Management
'Bill" Hungerford and M, Cambridge, Props.
Big reductions, splendid
values. Begular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Cor. Homer nnd Hastings St.
That   which   a   whole   nation
chooses to do It has a right to do.
—Thomas Paine.
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Service for Repair!
All Work Ou»ranteed
Special Attention to Mall  Orden
H. Harvey
Iitabliihed In Vaneourer In HOT
Friday, October 16, 1925 <|
This Is What You Oet
When Buying From Us
Men, Women apd Children
The Imperial
Shoe Store
Opp. Standard Furniture Co.
TTHE advertisers in The Labor Advocate deserve the support of organized labor
•* and its friends. They materially assist in making it possible for this paper to
be of service to the workers. The individuals and firms using our publication are
showing interest in our cause, and workers should give them the preference in
making purchases. As organized workers, you can readily see the value of reciprocity in preference to all others. This goes-to show that our advertisers should
get the benefit of the purchasing power of organized labor.
li in m —
WE guarantee all repairs
made by us. We know
the Ford Inside and out, and
we are specialists in our
work. No matter -what the
trouble may be, bring it to us
and get the best advice and
workmanship. Only genuine
Ford parts used. Service and
Satisfaction is our motto.
Glbbs Bros.
Phone 15        Night Phone 283X
119-121 1st Street E.
We are making warm friends
Oat Tour Winter's Supply ftom
A.-1 Fuel Company
',     146 LONSDALE AVE.
Phone North Van. 298
We Carry the Best Domestic Ooal
We Help Yon to Finance the Building of Your Own House by a Building' Loan, or We
Can Sell You a Dwelling of Any Size on Very Easy Terms
Building Sites In All Parts of the City and District on Terms From One-Tenth Cash and Up
Tel. North Van. 25  and 37
Grocer ter ia (No. 19)
139 Lonsdale Avenue Phone North Van. 534
A/TEN, now Is the time to buy your Heavy Work Shirts, and
"*■ remember, you get big values at Badger's.
Men's Heavy Grey Cotton and Wool Flannel Work Shirts at
91.35, $1.50 a,nd  93*35
Heavy Khaki Flannel Work Shirts at $1.50 and  $2.35
Phone 42
The Largest Display of Every Kind
of   Heater   on    the    North   Shore
Builders' Supplies
Phone Your Orders—Quick Delivery
Phone N. V. 352
W. J. BARTER, Prop.
123 Third Street West, North Vancouver
"" *" Phone N. V. 886
You get what you pay for
You pay for what you get
We are here to serve and you will receive courteous
treatment. Good workmanship and a square deal
makes all our customers satisfied.
Remember the address:
Phone N. V. 886
Good Work
Phone 794
Phone 318
Phone 282
W. D. McFarland
& Co.
Beal Estate,   Rental
Loans and Insurance
North Vancouver, B.C.
Service and Quality
Custom Shoemaker
Phone N. Van. 1181
Parisian Cleaners
and Dye Works
Work called for and deliverjed*.
Cleaning and Pressing
a Specialty
-Phone N. Van. 444
the hill, sone, factory or on the land,
make yourself the
correspondent and
send it in today. bf.
concise, accurate and
Telephone North Van. 69
Hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Evenings: 6:30 to 8 p.m.
Thos. A. Patterson
D. C.
3-Year Palmer Graduate
15th and Lonsdale Avenue
North Vancouver, B.O.
15 Lonsdale Ave., North Vancouver
Save time and money by dealing with us.   We give you
the most of the best for the least.
Telephone N. Van. 333
The Men's Store
We carry a full line of
All New Stocks, Newest Styles and City Prices
Phone: Shop, North Van. 380; Night Calls, North Van. 745L
117 First Street West
Installations a Specialty.   Motor Repairs Our Specialty
Motors Rented and Repaired
When in Electrical despair, phone for Mr. Chambers
THERE'S nothing so offensive as sheer exaggeration, and
almost anybody can detect lt. But one can afford to be
perfectly frank and honest in speaking of Pauline Johnson's
Chocolates and Candies, they're so universally praised for their
purity, flavor apd freshness. A genuine article always finds
its own level, "v
JBUTTEBNUTS-Beg. 60c for. .......... 40^ Per Lb.
•'TOBACCO SECTION—You can select your favorite tobacco
•"■ from all the famous Old Country blends. Always In perfect condition. And you can buy a London-made Pipe at an
exceptionally low price, and it'll be a real Pipe.
That's Why the Fellows Like to Deal at Smith's
Opposite Bank of Montreal  j Friday, October 16, 1925
Union Label Leaders
Plan For Busy Year
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC    OITY—Advertising
t the trade union label win play a
i large part In American Federation
of Labor activity during the coin-
| Ing year,  it was aparent at the
• annual  convention  of  the  Union
Label   Trades  Department*.     Tlie
convention ratified the programme
1 pf the departmental executives for
*0 far flung campaign by way of
. the lecture platform and the cln-
\ ema and the spending of sums that
f will run into six figures.
The intention is to dramatize the
' trade  union  label  in  more  lively
J fashion than heretofore.   The pic-
f ture, described as a gripping pic-
iture of the history of labor, will
be   promoted   along   regular   go-
getter lines, with the country di-
J-vided  into  five  districts,  each  in
I charge  of  a battery  of four—an
i advance agent, a lecturer, machine
operator and entertainer.
Research Duties
Part of the lecturer's duty will
'be  of a  research  character.    He
I will be expected to study the mark-
\ et for union label goods and also
| the efficiency of local trade union
\ organization and to report same to
[his department.   Some of the com-
fplexities and contradictions in the
[union label movement, due to in-
! Complete organization were related
J'by speakers at the convention with
[the urge that faults be ironed out
-such instances as two stores side
j by  side,   one  selling, union   label
[goods with  non-union clerks and
[the   other   non-union  goods  with
[union clerks.   Which store should
la trade unionist patronize, lt was
[asked ?   The answer Is hundred per
[cent, organization for the workers
[who sell and the workers who pro-
»     Quality Produotlon
A brisk debate arose over a mo-
Ition by Matthew Woll of the Photo
pjngravers  Union,   calling  for  inquiry   with   affiliated   unions   in
bftses  where  labelled  goods  Were
[lot up to quality.   There was some
(upport for this Idea that the un-
t>n   had   a  responsibility  for  the
auallty of the product comparable
|to its responsibility for organization—one  speaker  even  going  so
far as to say that there were labelled goods that had no right to the
label, relatively few as these were.
President Lynch of the Typographical Union spoke strongly on the
Ride of the motion  Insisting passionately that organization was not
lhe only Issue before the union but
|he qualitv of Its goods.   But Pre-
i.dent Perkins of the Cigarmakers
Lnd others bucked the motlorf, Per-
Hns held that It cast an unworthy
lusnlolon   on   craftsmen  and  that ,
In, anv case the deoartment would
|inv-»  no   rleht   to  Interfere   with
^••vlp   union   autonomy.     He  held
•int |t was out of the question to
"Inlt the label would be removed
>nm e-nofls made by union workers.
7nll. nrotestlnsr against Internreta-
flnn*** nlanpd on his motion changed thp wording to remove cause for
Inch opinions.
A. F. of L. Convention Proceedings
Negroes Ask A. F. of L. Help
(By Esther Lowell, Federated Press)
Negro freight handlers, delegates to the 45 annual convention
of the American Federation of Labor, have a serious problem for
the Federation's attention. Their
local unions, four out of 39 in a
similar predicament, are chartered
directly by the A. F. of L. but all
their working conditions are determined by the Brotherhood of
Railway and Steamship Clerks,
Freight Handlers, Express & Station Employees agreements with
Negroe's Voloe Barred
The Brotherhood's constitution
expressly states that all white persons employed ln the lines of Work
under their jurisdiction are eligible
to membership in the union. Negro workers are not admitted, although they pay BOc to the Brotherhood in addition to the 25c per
capita to the A. F. of L.   Negroes
are not permitted to participate ln
Brotherhood meetings or share in
insurance and other Brotherhood
benefits aside from equal conditions for white and colorsd freight
handlers. Negroes are not allowed
to become clerks.
Seek Full Membership
All four Negro delegates sign the
resolution presented to the convention, calling for the A. F. of L. to
approve their proposal that president Green and whomever else he
chooses from A. F. of L. officials,
negotiate with the Grand Lodge of
the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks
"for the full admission to membership for all classes under their jurisdiction as granted by the American Federation of Labor." In the
event negotiations should fail, the
Negro freight handlers call upon
the A. F .of L. to "take the necessary action to properly protect the
welfare of that class of railway
Labor Delegates See        Results Not Cheering
Men Work As Horses To Labor Politicals
International Affairs
• ATLANTIC CITV—(FP)— International   problems   coming   be-
jre    the    A. F. of L. convention
rs-e that a labor   delegation    be
Kivited  from Venezuala to testify
fe-ardlng the persecution of labor
that country;  others call for a
Ivll government    for   the    down
rodden Porto Ricans, a congres-
Ronal investigation and organiza-
lon of tha workers in Porto Rica
|nd other Latin American   counties.    Santiago Iglesias, A. F. of
j*. leading representative In Porto
tlco took the leading part in these
Resolutions.      Chairman      George
jerkins of the International Labor
Relations Committee sponsored   a
t'ssolutlon for the removal of all
nxtra territorial privileges by alien
l-owers ln China.
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
Atlantic City boardwalk that runs
past Steeplechase Pier where the
American Federation of Labor
holds Its 46th annual convention
has a unique system of transportation that harks back "to ancient
times when men took the place of
horses in hauling passengers. If a
boardwalk traveller's legs weary,
the only vehicles available are
chairs pushed by patient human
- Directly across from convention
pier Is what mltfht be called a carbarn for the chairs and here delegates can hear the story of how
tough it is to -Work for the Shill
comoanv that controls most of the
chairs on the walk.
No wages are paid, a tired chair
pusher explained, only a commission and tips. The company gets
a dollar an hour from the patrons
—one dollar for the two persons
that make the standard load. Capital splits this purse with labor,
labor taking the losers' end of 20
cents— and such tips as are gathered. Where three persons ride
the company gets $1.25 an hour
and labor 25 cents, five cents more
for bending the back lower and
shoving harder. Hours are a maximum of from 8 a. m. till one the
next morning but actually few
work that long. It is humanly impossible to keep such a working
day going steadily.
Chairs were in great demand
during the bankers' convention and
sharp, contrasts appeared with
portly and expensively tailored
forms In the seats and a ragged
Negro pushers behind. The chair
pushers bear the stamp of their
poverty. No natty uniforms, such
as might be expected on this smart
thoroughfare, are furnished by the
company, the pushers wearing such
clothes as they have.
CHICAGO—(F P)—Neither Socialists nor Communists, both of
whom maintain national headquarters In Chicago, profess to
find much cheer In the atmosphere
of President Wm. Green's meeting.
Since the Socialists after the disappointing LaFollette presidential
campaign cut loose from the Informal alliance of railroad unions
and others to again carry on their
version of the class struggle, they
have loomed less large on the labor union stage.
The Communists, declared outlaws by Green, are elated by the
pro-Russian speech of A. A. Purcell, the British fraternal delegate
at Atlantic City, but expect short
mercy for the radical resolutions.
Many of these were introduced by
a Chicago delegate, President Joe
Shaflr of the Bank Employees
Association, a federal union that
gets its charter direct from the
A. F. of ts.
A. F. of L. Convention
Hits Fingerprinting
By ART SHIELDS, Federated
ATLANTIC CITY —The American Federation of Labor has taken
a definite stand against proposals
before congress for the fingerprinting, photographing and general spying on and nagging of foreign workers, numbering 8,000,-
000, In the United States, and lt
took it by unanimous vote at the
45th annual convention. The delegates ratified the report of the
legislative committee that strikes
at the worst of the fingerprinting
bills, which requires that for five
years after coming to America an
alien must report at all times
where he is living and whiat he is
doing, that he shall be registered
with photographs and fingerprints,
with all cases of arrests and conviction sentered on his-reglstration
certificate. And that lodging house
keepers and employers must assist
the government in Its espionage
on the worker.
This bill, declared Thomas Flaherty of the postal workers, reading the report of the legislative
committee, would lead to the use
of the methods of detoctive agencies by the government, and it has
all the elements of a strike-breaking, union-crushing measure.
Agitation against the finger-
prlnting-of-forelgners propaganda
began two years ago among local
unions affiliated with the federation and gained volume rapidly as
the menace of this legislation became greater. Further fuel on the
fire of labor's resentment was
poured with the discovery of the
technical fact that fingerprints
can be forged or transferred by
unscrupulous police. A warning
against the bill in the report of
the Executive Council Is the basis
for the recommenadtlon of the
legislative committee of the convention.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
(By Federated Press)
rugged and ruddy-cheeked British
fraternal delegate to the A. F. of
L. convention was taking the air
on the Atlantic City boardwalk,
when one of the wheel chairs peculiar to this boulevard came past
with two plump specimens of the
idle rich inside, and a hard working chair pusher behind, straining at his burden. _
'The lazy blighters!" snorted
Smith. "Imagine an able bodied
man pushed around like a baby. I
wouldn't ride In one of those things
for ten pounds." And he strode
along for his constitutional with
the motive powor Nature gave him.
Negro Labor Congress
Arrangements Complete
CHICAGO—F P—While Negro
delegates are knocking at the eastern convention door for help In
entering unions of their crafts
which now bar them, the American Negro Labor congress to be
held in Chicago, Oct. 25, is completing Its preliminary arrangements. Though blacklisted by
President Green of the A. F. of L.
as an organization in which Communists are a sizable factor, national organizer Lovett Fort-
Whlteman announces that the
prospects for 500 delegates are
favorable. He states the aim of
the congress ls "to mobilize and to
coordinate Into a fighting machine
the most enlightened and militant
and class-conscious workers of the
race In the struggle for the abolition of lynching, jlm-crowlsm, industrial discrimination, political
disfranchisement, segregation, etc."
Communist Reporters
Refused Press Badges
(By Federated Press)
first morning session Sec. Morrison, A. F. of L. definitely refused a
press badge to Mossaye J. Olgin,
credentlalled representative of the
official organ of the All Russian
Council of Trade Uulons, a paper
occupying the same organic relation to Russian unionism that the
American Federationist does to the
A. F. of L. However, Morrison
told Olgln his privileges as a newspaperman and his right to press
documents would not be Interfered
with. Olgin described it as unofficial recognition. *<A badge has also been refused J. Louis Engdahl,
editor of the Dally Worker, but
Engdahl sits In the press box.
Page Thirteen
German Workers Fight
To Regain Conditions
workers have a struggle to regain
the eight-hour day they once had
by law, says Dr. Otto Iserland,
legal advisor to the Deutschor-
Verkehrsbund, and one of the 15
representatives of the German
labor movement attending the
A. F. of L. convention. Yet Iserland estimates that about 60 per
cent of the German workers still
have the eight-hour day and if this
estimate is correct his countrymen
would seem to be better off in that
respect than American workers.
There are no statistics as to the
extent of the eight-hour day in
this country, but with some of the
organized workers putting ln more
than eight hours a day and with
most textile, steel, oil, agricultural
and a host of manufacturing
workers of many kinds employed
for 9, 10 and 12 hours lt is unlikely that 50 per cent of American workers enjoy the eight-hour
Wages Are Low
Not only in the matter of hours
do German workers have to regain lost ground but more especially in wages, Iserland states.
When German currency was falling so rapidly it was impossible
for German labor to make agreements fast enough to ensure workers of a subsistence wage. Since
the money has been stabilized,
says Iserland, wages have bettered
somewhat but are still much below
what pre-war organlaztlon won
for the workers
The union that employs Iserland is one of transport workers,
excluding railway workers but Including postal workers. An amal-
gamnloation of this ' organlaztlon
with the union of federal employees and the railway workers' union
ls bringing into one group 700,000
workers. This amalgamtion is
being worked out now. Amalgamation with the two other trade
union movements of Germany ls
still out of sight,. he says. The
Christian trade unions, composed
of Catholics, mainly, and the
Hirsch-Dunker trade unions,,
sometimes   co-operate   with   the
Trade unions ln making agreements, but more often do not.
International Unity
As to international unity of
trade unions, the regular German
movement takes the position that
the Russian unions must come
into the International Federation
of Trade Unions at Amsterdam
under the rules of the latter instead of European unions entering
the Red International of Labor
Unions, Iserland reiterates, German unions have a sort of unity
of action with British unions,
particularly the seamen, who will
not act as strike-breakers on British ships A similar agreement exists between German and Scande-
navlan seamen
ST. LOUIS—(FP)—Harry Jones,
former general secretary-treasurer
International Association of Bridge
Structural and Ornamental Iron
Workers, ls at liberty on bond following his indictment by a grand
jury at St. Louis on charges that
he misappropriated "a sum in excess of $50,000" of the union's
funds. Personal debts contratced
by Jones during his term of ofice,
1913 to April, 1924, are alleged to
have been paid out of the union
treasury. Jones was expelled from
membership last spring,
Labor Banks Advised
To Unionize Staffg
labor and cooperative banks are
advised to have their staffs unionized in a resolution unanimously
passed by tbe A. F. of L. convention and the declaration Is made
that "no bank deserves the support of organized labor whose staff
does not belong to the union of
bnnk clerks or office workers."
The resolution Is aimed at the
failure of a minority of such banks
to come through promptly with a
union program for Its staffs.
Restaurant Workers
Protest Scab Hotels
against employment agents who
take men from state to state without notifying them of strikes on
the Jobs to which they are brought
was taken and labor's efforts to
have a bill passed against this
practise are to continue.
ATLANTIC CITY—(FP)— Aiming to iron out a local unpleasant
situation a resolution presented by
the Hotel and Restaurant Employes Union urges that henceforth trade union accommodations
be made a part of the arrangements of the A. F. of L. conven-
ttjins. The resolution, signed by
Delegates Edward Flore, Thomas
F. Farrell, Emanuel Kovoleskl and
John J. McMevItt complains that
the hotel chosen to house the officers and delegates at the present
convention Is unfair to organized
labor and regrets that tho union's
suggestions made at the EI Paso
convention for future convention
housing policies have not been followed.
Pass this eopy to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe, Page Fourteen
Friday, October 16, 1925
__^^-'^-*^^--^'-_a_--_>;- nfi^sHig^^rT^iit^n^ilt^T^ill^il^i
\m_^*-. r*4Z__^-rr?—*t*->X '?Z_--_^*'-: r&_W-_$$-
yT*^:^-!-**^-^-.--^^/ ^i-^mfy^-.^-^S^^*.
__^?-*'--i?___K_^ I *?^ji^:*?*iSj«S!!;:|%!SdKri
|    THE business houses whose advertisements appear in The Labor Ad-
vocate are interested in the welfare of not only their own help,
but of workers generally.
^T'-s_s_iVliiSL^-r^£M^^r.Tr-i%^^^^T^.^^E^ •^a___£^^^flK^^r^iifi^^T^^ga^£^T?
-___- ■_•.«.*._._- .*_-__.   *.-^ *-,•*.■•-- - • -  _._._.»__.*^*^*^*»-^_f_f_i-___jj^^_*»s*ag^B*^>j^o*T*^a ... . . . . . ... .--.-.—
North Vancouver Electors
For 25 Years a Valiant Champion of
Labor's Cause
A -- keen student of political questions, it is a
safe bet that Dr. Curry has a more thorough
understanding of social problems than the en-,
tire Liberal and Conservative slate in Western
Paine Hardware Ltd.
Phone N. V. 12
69 Lonsdale Avenue North Vancouver, B.C.
'    Phone North Van. 779
The New
Music Store
Reasonably Priced
Easy Terms
Ross-Wightman Co.
The Store of Quality
Corner First and Lonsdale
Telephone No. 9
D.C, D.M. D.C, D.M.
Suite 5, Keith Block, Corner 1st and Lonsdale Ave.     Phone Nortli Van. 6
Hours 10-12 and 2*6.    Evenings by Appointment.
Piano Moving a Specialty
Express—Transfer—Furniture Moving
Quick and Reliable
117 First Street East Phone North Van. 900
V. & B. Whole Wheat Meal; V. & B. Whole Wheat Flour
8 lbs., 50c; 24 lbs., $1.25; 49 lbs., $2.40
Vernon Feed Co.
Hay, Grain and Poultry Supplies
113 ESPLANADE W. Phone North Van. 28
DR. Curry is a thinker.
Talk with him, read
his manifesto, get his
ideas of government, and
then think if he wouldn't
be a good representative
for you and for your community.
161 Fourth Street E., North Vancouver .
Phone N. V. 121 '/
HOT AIR FURNACES A SPECIALTY—See us for installing
new furnaces  or overhauling your old ones.
Free estimates on all work and all work guaranteed.
977 Granville 4118 Main St.
2715 Granville     2151 41st Ave. West
Take your list to any Piggly Wiggly Store—compare the prices on all items, whether
advertised or not—you will find that Piggly Wiggly prices will save you money—no
matter how large or how small your purchases—every day of the week.
The Low Prices at Piggly Wiggly Stores are not "accidents." They are based upon low operating costs, elimination oi.
waste in both buying and selling, paying cash and selling for cash, and offering only those brands and lines of merchandise
recognized for quality and value, thereby minimizing selling expense.
_'*-W ■   *-*■'
per bar  5c
for  15c
SOAP—An assortment of
excellent quality Toilet and
Bath Soaps; large bars; a
good   12V2C  value;  3  bars
for  ..  25c
CHIPSO, large pkgs  20c
CLORAX — Bleacher, Dirt-
Remover, Germicide, Cleaner; per bottle  24c
Guest size at 4-^c
bars for
size,    5-oz.,
1/2-lb. tins solid*  40c
1-pound .  65c
•j/o-pint tins liquid  35c
1-pint  :  60c
FLOUR. 71bs  35c
PRICES'   BAKING   POWDER, 12 oz 43c
PICKLES—10-oz.   jars,   all
varieties   35c
3 jars for :.... $1.00
large   32c
for   SOc
PINEAPPLE, 21/2's  33c
from new crop figs; 2 lbs.
for   29c
—A pure vegetable shorten
ing for all cooking purposes. Used for any shortening in place of. butter,
with better results. Regular 25c lb 2 lbs. 35c
SUGAR-10 lbs.  bulk 64c
10 lbs. cloth bag  70c
20 lbs. cloth bag  $1.39
Buyirtg sugar hi cloth bags
insures perfect cleanliness,
accurate weight and no loss
through torn packages.
World 400 count, pkg. lie
Midget 400 count, pkg. lie
Red  Head,   300   count,   3
pkgs. for   25c
PAPER—Finest quality tissue, 3 rolls for...  50c
Finest quality pure virgin
oil, half pint  30c
Pint   55c
Quart  -  $1.00
RAISINS —Fresh, new
stock, 2 lbs 25c
BACON—Sweet, mild cure,
lb  55c
—^—^^ [Friday, October 16, 1925
Page Fifteen
iritish Unions Push
Plans For Alliance
(By Federated .Press)
ILONDON—The  labor  industrial
jlliance proposal refuses to  stay
|ead in spite of the many times
hat it has been buried by the Brit-
tih capitalist press.   Just after the
tberal Manchester Guardian    has
leen   telling the  world  that the
Trades Union Congress at Scarbor-
|wgh "dug the grave of the indus-
rial   alliance * scheme,"   when   it
Ibstponed the proposal to grant ex-
inded powers to the general coun-
il, comes the news of still further
Indorsements of the alliance conititutlon which is now before the
lions.   The latest adhesion ls that
I" the locomotive engineers' union,
T-hich at an enthusiastic delegate
lonference  empowered  its   executive to Join the alliance.    In the
Slectrical. Trades  Union   too   the
allot has shown a big majority "in
la vor of the principle of the alliance.
The Miners' Federation has al-
eady accepted the alliance constl-
ntlon, and the ballot in the National Union of Foundry Workers
lesulted in the largest vote record-
Id by that organization and a five
one majority ln favor of the al-
Mice.   The Transport and Gener-
Workers union, whose conven-
Jon accepted the alliance  consti-
iition,  is now balloting its mem-
lers.  The National Union of Rail-
daymen  is the only  organization
hat has raised any objections, and
i executive  is now preparing am-
(ndments which will make the con-
'fltution acceptable to it.
The attempts of the press to
rive a Wedge between the alliance
Ivocates and the general council
is met with no response in the
|bor ranks, as the foremost advo-
\tes of the alliance are likewise
h« foremost advocates of grant-
Kg more extended powers to the
Imeral council.
(§lh (Eflttuirg Cater Nnu*
Britain's Unemployment Scourge
(By Scott Nearing)
Pritish Co-op's Trade
g. With Russia Growing
iONDON—At a dinner given to
i mbers of the Russian Trade Delation in London, at which Sir
ribert Hadfield, the steel manu-
j.cturer, was present, it was stat-
that the total value of Anglo-
l,ussian trade for 1925 has been
..mated at £50,000,000.
In 1921 British exports to Rus-
were only 3_ millions,
fit is stated that the Co-operative
^jolesale Society has purchased
100,000 worth of wheat from Rus-
i, and that 100 ships have been
_irtered in London to bring over
le grain..
[A   group  of  French  merchants
lvo  concluded  an  agreement  to
jjrchase   Russian   timber   to   the
!ue of £1,00,000.
Iritish Engineers
1        Paid Out Millions
.ONDON For the five years
,im July 1, 1920, to June 30, 1925,
a Amalgamated Engineering Unit has paid out to its members
Ider its benefits, section £6,020,-
ff(| This figure does not include
V penny of the sum for cost of
the General Secretary, in the A.
VU. Monthly Journal, says:
'We  challenge  critics,   whether
;hin   our  ranks  or  outside,   to
nt  to  any  other  organization
t has, during five years of sev-
trade depression, and from its
resources,  alleviated  distress
.nything like the extent accom-
ihed by our Union."
DRITISH labor faces a grave mi-
employment crisis. At least
1,340,000 men and women are now
in receipt of unemployment doles.
Other thousands are unemployed
and unregistered. Hundreds ot
thousands are working on short
time. More than four millions of
women and children are dependent upon these unemployed and
under-employed workers.
This is the fifth consecutive winter during which such a disastrous
situation has prevailed. In many
respects the crisis is more acute
than it has been at any time since
the end of the war.
Labor delegations have waited
upon cabinet ministers. The issut
has been debated ln Parliament.
Inquiries and investigations have
been conducted. Laws have been
passed. Today the problem is
more menacing than ever.
One Week in Four
At one of the meetings held during the Trade Union Congress week
at Scarboro, a delegate from the
textile trades told his story. Ho
was a hosiery worker. For four
years he had been unemployed or
under-employed. At the piesent
time he was getting about one
week of work in every four. For
the remainder of the time, he was
living on the dole. He was a man
of perhaps thirty-five. He was trying to raise a family. What chance,
he asked the meeting, had the
wives and children of men who
face such an industrial situation?
Effects of Tmeprlalism
The British ruling olass has no
remedy for unemployment. On the
contrary, the capitalists of Great
Britain are making it more acute
by taking their surplus, derived
from the exploitation of British
workers, and investing it in mills
ln China and India, which, with
their Coolie labor, undercut the
standard of the British workers.
The demand for lower wages in
Britain is based on the fact that
the workers of Germany, India and
China are on a far lower level <W
wages, and that therefore the British manufacturer cannot compete.
As a matter of fact, it is the British manufacturer who is carrying
on the industry in all three countries, and who ls able to play ont
set of economic conditions off
against the other,
.  Wage Slashes
The losses to the British workers' during the past three or four
years have been terrific. In 1921
there was a wage-cut that amounted to 30 million dollars in the
weekly full-time wages of about
seven million wage earners. In the
following year there was a further reduction of about 20 million
dollars per week, for seven million
workers, and ln 1923 another cut
of $2,500,000 per week effecting
about three million workers. The
downward tendency was still in evidence in 1924 and 1926, and it is
estimated that the total of the national wage hill has been reduced
by about one-half since 1920. While
these reductions in wages have
been in progress, the profits on
invested capital as shown by the
dividend rates, the income tax receipts and the surplus accounts
have in some cases increased, and
in others shown only slight decreases. In the case of 1,411 companies, after the payment of interest, 650 milion dollars were distributed as profit in 1923 and 700
million dollars in 1924.
During July, 1925, a special session of the Trade Union Congress
was held to consider the unemployment problem. Again, at the annual meeting of the Congress in
September, the unemployment issue was raised again and again.
Sabotaging on Russia.
President Swales, in his opening
address to the Annual Meeting of
the Trade Union Congress called
attention to the heavy losses sustained by the workers thlrou|K'h,
.unemployment and through the refusal of the Government to encourage Russian trade. He stated that
Russia was prepared to utilize immediate credits to the extent of
about 450 million dollars; that under the existing laws, these credits
might be underwritten by the Government; that in the case of Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Esthonia, formerly part of the Russian Empire, such credits had been
underwritten; that' Russia's total
trade organizations, and that
nevertheless' the British Government persisted in refusing credits
to Russia.
Britain ln Decay
British Labor cannot meet the
unemployment situation. It is not
in power. The Tory Government
of Britain cannot and will not meet
the situation. It is to the interest
of certain business interests that
the manufacturing be done in the
Far East and that commerce be
carried in ships manned by low-
paid India workers.- Britain has
passed the zenith of her imperial
carreer. The economic structure
of the British Empire is disinter-
gratlng and the British workers
are paying the price, There seems
to be no remedy for unemployment
short of a new social order—"The
..        f
Of all kinds of pride I hold national pride the most foolish; It
ruined Greece, it ruined Judea and
Union Secession Ties
Up Wage Negotiations
(British Press Service)
LONDON—A serious hitch has
arisen in the negotiations for a new
wages agreement for building operatives owing to the attitude of
some of the employers who have
refused to ratify the agreement.
All the societies affiliated to the
National Federation of Building
Trades Operatives have signified
their willingness to accept the
The employers object on the
grounds that they cannot accept
any agreement with the Federation
because that body no longer represents all sections of the industry,
owing to the secession of the Amalgamated Union of Building Trade
Workers (Bricklayers and Masons)
and the Plasterers' Union.
Mr. Coppock, Secretary of the
Operatives, Federation, says that:
"The facts are that the National
employers agreed to recommend
the acceptance of the agreement,
fully understanding the situation
created by the secession from the
Operatives' Federation of the Amalgamated Union of Building Trade
Workers and the Plasterers' Society.
Saklatvala's Protest
The liberty to know, to utter,
and to argue freely according to
conscience is above all other liberties.—Milton.
Mankind, without any common
And, has sought, each and all, to
■ ad their own paths little heeding
they trampled on the bodies of
sir "brothers" in name, enemies
fact. This is the state of things
1 have reached today.—Mazzini.
The Labor Advocate
The Only Non-Factional Labor Newspaper in Canada
Member The Federated Press, and British Labor Press Service.
Devoted to the Publication of Local, National  and
International Labor News.
WfE ESPOUSE no particular "ism," but whole-heartedly suf>-
** port all groups in the Labor Movement that are struggling against the forces of reaction on behalf of those who toil.
This paper contains more Labor news than any other Labor
publication you can buy.
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Address all Communications and .Remittances:
Editor  Labor  Advocate,   1129  Howe  Street,  Vancouver,   B.C.
(By Laurence Todd)
scarcely half the delegates in attendance, and with the gallery one-
fourth occupied, the first session
of the Washington meeting of the
Interparliamentary Union took
place in the chamber of the House
of Representatives—with the British Parsee Communist absent. Secretary of State Kellog was there to
deliver his speech of warning and
welcome. The formal responses
were made. But it was Sen. Borah,
from his office across the way, who
gave out the real news story. He
made public the letter addressed
by Saklatvala to the president of
the conference which Kellog's anti-
red exclusion order had made famous.
"I submit for the special and emergency consideration of the conference," wrote Saklatvala, "the
question of the outrage committed
by the United States government
upon the rights and perogatives of
our conference, and also of the
serious violation of the time-honored usage respected by the hosts for
all international assemblages.
"The validity of most meetings
of members of an organization becomes doubtful if any member entitled to attend is forcefully kept
out of it. It would become impossible to accept the invitation of
a country for an international assemblages, if the hosts undertook
the duties of carefully going
through the career of each delegate, and applied to it some peculiar national standard of fitness or
unfitness, and assumed control
over permission of delegates to attend conferences."
He offered to present himself be-
for any committee which the conference might set up to investigate
the case, and he urged all delegates
to consider the great issues involved in Kellog's aotlon and to report on the incident to their respective countries.
Britain Evjyies Issue
Of Barring F.P. Writer
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO—The Federated Press
central office in Chicago is in receipt of the following letter from
the department of state at Washington, dated Oct. 3.
Mr. Carl Haessler, managing editor,
The Federated Press,
"Sir: Further reference la made
to your letter of Aug. 15, 1925, concerning the refusal of the British
government to allow Miss Gertrude
Haessler, an accredited correspondent of the Federated Press, to land
in England.
The American embassy at London, which was Instructed to endeavor to obtain information ln
regard to this case from the appropriate British authorities, has now
advised the department that Miss
Haessler was refused permission to
land in England on the basis of her
record with the British immigration authorities and that, according to the British home office its
action was in no way connected
with the fact that she is a correspondent of the Federated press."
(signed)  Dorsey Richardson.
Considering the difficulty Scott
Nearing experienced in landing in
England though specially commissioned by the Federated Press to
report the British Trades Union
congress at Scarborough, the FP
regards the reply of the British
officials to its protest as an evasion.
No information on the nature of
the "record" forming the basis of
the Haessler deportation was given
but it ls believed that the fact that
the FP correspondent acted as
technical attache to the British
Trades Union delegation on its
journey of investigation through
Russia ln the fall of 1924 made her
objectionable to the Conservative
party that now rules Britain. The_
British labor report on Russia with1
its praise of the institutions and
conditions there, destroyed so
much reactionary ammunition in
the struggle between the owning
and the working class in England
that those who helped in any. way
to produce the report are oh the
government blacklist. '
The FP is endeavoring to clear
up the mystery.
That the conduct of indlvduals
is determined largely by the conditions under which they live Is as
well established as any axiom of
poUtlcal science.—J. Allen Smith.
Enforced idleness is the Britisher's hell.—Carlyle.
British Labor Funds
Deposited in Co-ops.
LONDON—Labor banks of the
American variety are unknown in
England, but that does not means
that British trade unions deposit
their money in the hands of their
enemies. A recent report of the
Co-operative Wholesale Society
shows that British labor's banking
is done chiefly with the co-operative movement and on a more genuinely labor basis. No fewer than
8,617 head and branch offices of
unions have current accounts, and
761 have deposit accounts, with the
C. W. S. Bank. In addition to
these the co-operators bank
handles the accounts of 4,000 benefit societies, workingmen's clubs
and other mutual organizations.
During the last half year the business transacted by this bank has
Increased 10 per cent. The extent
of this business is shown by the
fact that during the same period
deposits and withdrawals totalled
nearly $1,500,000,000.
The report of the Co-operative
Wholesale Society also shows a big
development in its productive work.
The output of the society's various
productive enterprises amounted
during the last half year to $67,-
000,000 out of a total turnover of
$180,000,000. That these enterprises are receiving special encouragement ls evidenced by the fact
that while trade has increased 10
per cent the rise in the value of
co-operative productions is 21 per
Jive Mackenzie King and Meighen the "Bums' Rush"- Vote Labor Page Sixteen
Friday, October 16, 1925,
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D. 0.
Doctor of Chiropractic
3-Year   Palmer   School   Graduate
Neurocalometer Service
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612  Standard  Bank  Bldg.,  Vancouver
The Neurocalometer, "a Scien-
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the place or places to be adjusted. The Neurocalometer eliminates all guesswork, and is to
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making purchases. As organized workers, you can readily see the value of reciprocity in preference to all others. This goes to show that our advertisers should
get the benefit of the purchasing power of organized labor.
(Next to Empire Theatre)
DROP IN after the ahow or
danoe and try our tasty
lunch. Served with delicious coffee, made the new scientific way.
Sandwiches served with whole
wheat bread, if desired.
We guarantee our Candies, Tobacco, Cigars and Cigarettes
fresh  at all tlmea.
(Next to Empire Theatre.)
19th 20th 21st
■       THEATRE     ■■
E   THEATRE   m_
The Ten Commandments"
Nightly at 7 and 9 p.m.
Adults SOc.    Students 85c.    Children 10c
fri-sat      Miito,, sals - "THE MAKING OF O'MALLEY"
2 Days Only
m "The Sporting Venus"
E G. LUTES, Ltd.
Big Girls' Black or Brown
Hlgh-Cnt Boots, genuine
oak    soles    and    rubber
per  pair..
Big Girls' Oxfords, black,
tan  and  patent   leather;
Slater's Brown and Black Brogue Oxfords, halt rubber heels; suitable for women and big *g Ag
schoolgirls; per pair  *p&eoJ%**
MncParla*ne   Brown   Welt  Oxfords;
ladies' sizes; a real shoe for	
Ladies' Black Kid Oxfords, cushion sole,
welt, extra wide fitting; per pair .*,.
Ladies'  Black  Satin  Evening  Slippers,  Spanish  and
Cuban heels; variety of styles;
per pair, $5.95 and	
Boys' Black and Brown Dress
Boots, Goodyear welts; sizes 1
to  6%;
Ver pair	
Boys' Black and Brown Dress
Oxfords, half rubber heels;
sizes 1 to h%;        AO  ^f£
per pair
Men's Slater Boots, black and tan calf- &>*** CA
skin, rubber heels; a real shoe for *V ■ aO\J
Men's Slater Oxfords, black calfskin aind patent leather, rubber heels; *_*_? A.t%
per pair  *V « a'tO
Men's Christie Work Boote, made in Vancouver to
stand B.C. wear; all sizes; *_./___ QC
per pair  ap'teVD
Men's Solid Leather Work Boote, black d»0 QB
and brown; remarkable value for «PO.»/*D
Boys' Solid Leather School Boote, black     *0  QC
only; sizes 1 to 5*4 «P0.«/O
Youths* sizes, 11 to 13%  $3.45
Boys' Christie School Boots, block only, full double
soles; made In Vancouver; -tA 7C
per pair ,** «P**» • O
Men's Railroad Rubbers, red soles, Al   *JfZ
extra heavy      **WO
Men's Rolled-Edge Servioe Rubbers; djl   f*(\
per pair -  *9laOMf
Men's Lightweight Rubbers, to fit any d» | O A
shoe; per pair - «P •*- aOM
Boys' Rolled-Edge Service Rubber*; d» |   QE
sizes 1 to 5    %9laa-U
Youths' sizes, 11 to IS ,.  $1.10
Ladies' Silk and Wool Hose ln
all thc (new shades;
per pair	
Ladies' Pancy Sports  Hose  in
silk and wool nov- d»|   QC
elty patterns..
Ladies' Pnre Thread Silk Hose
with elastic rib top; <J» *t   BA
all  shades..
Ladies' Silk and
Lisle Hose, extra
heavy for winter,
and very good d» *t
Children's Pure Wool Golf Sox, made in
England; all colors and sizes	
Kiddies' Socks, aU wool and silk and wool, In CAj,
black, brown, fawn, pink, blue nfld sand ,tJVV
Men's Fancy Silk and Wool Socks, aU colors;   QCj.
per pair, 65c and - • • **
Men's Heavy English Wool Socks; 60 C
per pair - ^
Big Girls' Ribbed Hose, In wool and silk and QKgt
wool, in sand and heather mixtures; per paU*******^*
Macfnrlane's High-Cut Boots for Misses, in black and
brown calfskin, tn all widths and 4>A AC
ste, 11 to 2 ^,g°
Misses'   Oxfords   in   tan,   patent   ^
and black, with extra heavy soles;
sizes 11 to 2;
per pair...,	
__a.'farlane's Brown Brogue Oxfords for youths and misses; none
better; sizes 11 to 2; 6>A AC
tier   pair  «Pi±.»/U


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