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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-07-24

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With Which Is Incorporated THE Px^ wDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.  No. 30
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRID/C>(:;ii*NING, JULY 24, 1925
Eight Pages
Local Seamen Refuse to Scab on Chinese
[imperialism in China
Scored By Preacher
In Vancouver Church
(Federated Press Staff Corr.)
Charging that the foreign countries exploiting the Chinese work-
lers are busy spreading a propaganda of lies about the true state
(of affairs in China, Dr. Donld Mc-
lOillvray, recently returned from
■the Orient, scored imperialism in
[China, in an address on "Condi-
Icions in China" at the St. Andrew's
(United Church.
"The wires are hot   with    lies
[telegraphed from China," declared
fthe preacher.   "I don't believe one-
half of what ls said   about   the
Chinese and the present situation
lln China is true.   The whole truth
■of the matter is that the Chinese
[desire the right to fix their customs
iuties and to maintain their integrity  as  a nation.    At present
the people are at the virtual mercy
[of foreign exploiters and conces-
"How would you like it if there
vere no power at Ottawa to fix
(import duties and if this country
vere shackled by a treaty long out
[of date?   Such is the condition ln
_hina," said Dr. McQillvrey.
"The Chinese look with suspicion upon all foreigners and re-
|gard them as exploiters, and they
do so with good reason for we are
Ihipping in   goods   flooding   the
[country and then denying through
■treaty  the  right  of the  Chinese
■people to raise revenues required
[by the neds of the country.''
Dr. McGillvrey predicts that tbe
[pacific will be the scene of the
next world  holocaust within  the
[years of the present generation.
Thy Baldwin Favors
Low Wages for Miners
LONDON.—We give  below  ex-
[amples of the vast ramifications
[of one of the largest coal,  Iron
nd steel trusts of this country,
[in which Mr, Baldwin, premier of
Jreat Britain, ls Interested.
Baldwins, Ltd., was formed in
1902. It acquired five concerns
Ett a cost of ope million pounds,
ecured complete control of the
Port Talbot Steel Co. in 1906, and
En the same year acquired all the
Mhares ln the Cribbwr Fawr Colliery.
In 1918 it purchased the issued
kapital of the Brymbo Steel Co.,
and ln 1919 acquired all the
phares in the British Steel Corporation, Briton Perry Ironworks
md Canadian properties of British Fprgings, Limited.
In 1920 it purchased Taylor's
[Navigation Collieries and at a
[cost of about one milliqp pounds
[obtained a controlling interest in
(the British Mannesmann Tube Co.
The company is also the proprietor of eight Iron and steel
I works, eleven sheet tinplate and
^galvanizing workB, and four col-
I lierles.
England  L_ lnhabltated by two
, nations, between whom there is no
Interest   and   no   sympathy—the
rich and the poor.—Lord Beacons-
Member Refusing to Abide by Decision Expelled
IF the C. P.R. desires to get scabs#sanization-    Tne    Secretary    in-1
_ .__._ _.._ .   „_.,     formed him of the nature of the
trouble, and pointed out that the
Chinese sailors were on strike,
and that white    seamen    should
to replace the striking Chinese,
who left their vessels ln the Orient,
they will have to apply elswhere
thaa to Federated Seafarers'
Union of Canada.
A special meeting of that organization was called ou Tuesday last
to discuss the attitude of the members towards those who ship In the
place of the striking Chinese.
After debating the question for an
hour, and considering the support
given the strikers by the British
Trades Congress, and the Vancouver Trades.and Labor Council, the
following resolution was carried
"That members of the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada refuse
to man the "Empress" or any
other line of ships affected or involved in the present dispute with
the Chinese." All ..members .are
Instructed to act accordingly.."
On Monday last, the day previous to the Seamen's decision in
this matter, a member of the Federated Seafarers' phoned his Union
headquarters, Informing tlie Secretary that he and eighteen others
had signed articles on the "Empress of Asia,"  and  asked  what
keep away from these ships. He
promised to abide by the decision
of the meeting.
After the meeting was over
O'Neil failed to live up to his
promise. He ls the only member
of the Federated Seafarers' Union
to sign articles on the "Asia," and
has been notified to return his
membership book, which is the
property of the Union.
During the past few days persistent rumors have been current
on the Vancouver waterfront regarding the displacing of Chinese
firemen and sailors on board the
"Empress of Asia," and other
"Empress" vessels sailing out of
Numerous men have been soliciting Jobs to displace tbe strikers,
in fact so many have applied for
a chance to replace the Chinese
that C. P. B. officials have not had
to advertise for men. Rooming
house proprietors are advising unemployed roomers, behind in their
rent, that jobs can be secured on
"Empress" ships of the Deep Sea
stand was being taken by the or-  Department of the C.P.R.   In one
'Case a roomer was presented with
a card and instructed to go to the
C.P.R. depot where he would be
certain of getting a job.
Several of those who applied for
the scab jobs expressed themselves
thus: "It would be a fine thing
for Vancouver if the C.P.R. would
replace the Chinese permanently
with white men." These individuals do not seem to understand
that the C.P.R. is not running
ships for the fun of employing the
white workers of B. C. Wages paid
the Chinese are one-fourth of that
paid white sailors on the C.G.M.M.,
who receive $60.00 per month,
poor conditions, and Worse food.
The C.P.R. is paying scabs, hired
here, the same rate as that paid
by the C.G.M.-M. The "Empress"
ships trading between Vancouver
and the Orient employed white
sailors until 1916, when they were
replaced by Chinese..
The Chinese labor unions have
issued an appeal to all other labor
bodies to support them ln their
struggle. The shipping companies
in the Orient are unable to secure
Chinese scabs, out of a popualtion
of some 400 millions, which means
that <he strike has been very effective. What a different attitude
the "Whites" of B. C. are taking.
Maintenance of Way
Union Asks More Pay
Submissions have been filed by
the maintenance of way employees' union with the United
States Railroad Labor Board from
members of the organization employed on fifteen of the largest
railroads asking for an increase in
wages of 6 cents an hour for all
classes ln the maintenance of way
The rates paid these men mow
range from ST. oents an hour for
trackmen in southern states to 40
cents an hour in the Northwest.
Progress is the law of life—man
is not man as yet.—Browning.
nn mum mn in im a
TBE publishers of the
notice on the party responsible for circulating the report
that this paper is being
maintained by prominent
Liberals for the purpose of
breaking up Labor's political
unity in B. O., that unless
he retracts bis statements
immediately we shall be
compelled to take certain
steps. This paper receives
no funds, except from advertisers and bona flde subscribers, as our books con prove.
The person who started thc
report ls known to us, and
we hereby publicly brand
him as an unmitigated liar.
We advise him not to start
something he lacks the ability to finish. THIS NOTICE
Russian Workers Aid
Irish Famine Victims
LONDON.—At a meeting of the
executive committee of the British
section of the workers' international relief, Dr. Polovtsev handed
the chairman, Mr. - Qeorge Lansbury, a cheque for £500 from the
Red Cross Society of the Soviet
Union for use ln relief work in
Mr. Lansbury said he would
himself take the money to tho
Irish committee, as he expects to
visit the famine area during the
next fortnight.
Over S20 families have been relieved up to now, and a new district is being opened up in Mayo
at Shralgh.
nn imnnn ■'H'limnum mm mi
Highlights on This
Week's News
Vancouver Seamen Refuse to Scab....     1
Rail   Workers   Demand   Recall    of
Troops  From  N.   S      1
Banks Fatten on Farmers'   Poverty     2
British     Capitalism    Faces     Bankruptcy    _      4
British Co-Ops. Join Labor Party....     7
British   Miners   Menaced   by   Wage
Cuts     „      7
Bulgarian    White    Terror    Shocks
Swiss     _  3
Force Against Hindus Falls  0
Portugese  Planters  Enslave  Natives 8
Bakers Fight T.B. and Night Work 8
Turmoil in Chicago Garment Trades 6
Yank Bosses Profit by Prison Ltbor 6
Four Methodists and Six
"Baptists Try Scopes
DAYTON, Tenn.—It took six
Baptists and four Methodists exactly eight minutes to decide that
"evolution was all bunk," in the
Scopes trial which has just ended
No one who knew the religious
opinions of the jurymen expected
sny different verdict. The Jury
panel consisted of the following:
Ten farmers, one wealthy landowner and one shipping clerk Ono
farmer confessed to belonging to
no church, six jurymen were Baptists, four were methodists, while
the shipping clerk was a member
ot the Church of Disciples. Comment is needless.
m ■■» ■ ii mi i iiiiiiiiiiiiiii*i..<i*iiiiii''i
(Special to The Advocate)
IflNDERSLEY, Sask. — A
' definite effort to link up
the farmer and labor movements of this country is
being mooted here.
-The local lodge of the
Farmer's Union of Canada
is contemplating applying
for adulation to the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada. This will be done by
means of a resolution to bc
Introduced into the convention of the Farmer's Union,
wblch will meet in Saskatoon
this month.
I i i nm iiiS'iim Im
iii iii 1111'i i
Rail Workers Demand
Withdrawal of Troops
From N.S. Strike Area
HANNA, Alta.—The C.N.R. employees, members of the United
Brotherhood of Maintenance of
Way Employees, 'unanimously
adopted the following'' resolution
at a recent meeting of their local:
"Resolved: That this lodge
strongly objects to the use of
troops in industrial disputes.* We
demand that the federal government withdraw the troops from
the Nova Scotia strike, area with
all possible speed, and that the
police of Nova Scotia disarm all
private policemen of the British
Empire Steel Corporation-—the
perpetrators of the recent bloodshed; and
"Be It Further Resolved: That
a copy of this resolution' be sent
to the Premier of Canada, the
Minister of Labor, the labor press,
and all subordinate lodges under
Oeneral Superintendent W. A.
Capitalist Pup Aids
Canadian Murderers
(By Federated Press)
OTTAWA—"I learned during
my visit to Nova Scotia that the
British Empire Steel Corporation
waB not desirous of making any
settlement with the officers ui
Miners District 26 and the company would, I think, rather let tha
situation go on indefinitely as it
is, with about 1,000 troops scattered through the territory, in the
belief that finally the union organization would be dissolved, and the
workmen ready to yield to the
company's terms."    .*•
This statement is made by Canadian minister of labor "Murdock
ln a letter to John L, Lewis, president U. M. W. of A. Murdock
advises the miners to accept the
company's wage cuts and says he
ls "firmly convinced that' better
terms of settlement cannot be secured."
Murdock's attitude to the men
ls shown in another* way ln his
letter, ln which he uses the term
strike to describe the situation,
Instead of the word lockout which
ls employed by Lewis In his reply.
Lewis declines to interfere with
the management of the (dispute in
Nova Scotia,'' stating -positively
that it is a matter for the local
Yank Woollen Trust
Cuts Workers' Wages
LAWRENCE, Mass.—Notice of
a ten per cent cut in wages in the
local mills of the American Woolen
company has been posted.
Approximately 16,000 operatives,
who have been working on a
three and four day a week shift
have been led to expect that with
the wage cut in effect on July 27,
the mill will go back to full time.
A dozen other woolen mills In the
city, employing 2,000 operatives,
are expected to follow the action
of the American Woolen company. anaarn.-^—"Pi
Page Two
Friday, July 24, 191
A Page for the Man on the Land
Red Goblins Appear
In Evolution Trial
(By Federated Press.)
DAYTON, Tenn.—Saturated as
the community of Dayton is in the
primitive religion of the Tennessee mountains, the trial of John
T. Scopes, high school biology instructor, for violating the anti-
evolution law is bringing the usual red angle of political cases.   *
,. Debs Dragged In
It is bei*pg whispered about, for
- example, that the elder Scopes
voted for Eugene V. Debs for
president. But there are elements
more red than the vote for Debs.
"Instructions from Moscow," the
favorite: scream of the big city
press ■ whenever workers rise
against wage slavery or subject
peoples turn against the imperialist oppressor, is being echoed in
the backwoods of the Appalachians.
The Communist Snake
And here is the Communist
snake, as'"plain to the fevered
view of the Chattanooga Daily
Times as to the cultured vision
of lhe New York Times or the
Chicago Tribune. Is not the Am-
-•ericafi Civil Liberties Union financing the* Scopes defense? And
has it not defended Socialists, I.
W. W. and Communists? Is not
ils director, Roger Baldwin, under
jail sentence for breaking the law
of Mew Jersey during a strike in
which workers' party speakers cooperated?    And doos not Baldwin
Crops Hailed Out;
Plunderers Groan
(Special to The Advocate.)
LETHBRIDGE, Alta.—The gour-
mands who have been preparing
during the past month or two to
"make a cleaning" on the large
crops expected on the prairie this
year will have to get along without some of their expected pickings. The farmers in this area
have had only one general rain
during the past three weeks, and
this, coupled wi_h the hot weather, up to 95 degrees, is causing
the prospective crops to fade
In Regina, Sask., over 1000 farmers have been hailed out as a
result of a hailstorm which Swept
the district recently. Those who
had hail: insurance are putting in
their claims, which range from
20 to 100 per ce,pt. loss. Some
350,000 acres were affected by the
storm, and the crop loss on this
acreage will exceed 50 per cent.
Farmers Get Poorer;
Bankers Get Fatter
sit on the same board of directors
in another organization with William Z. Foster, chief American
agitator of the Moscow heresies
and apostacies?
Behind all the solicitude for
religion and the hatred of economic radicalism stands no doubt
the all-persuasive influence ofthe
Louisville & Nashville railroad, the
U. S. Steel Corporation with its
southern interests centering in
Birmingham and its Tennessee
Coal t_ Iron subsidiary.
By LELAND OLDS (Federated  Press  Industrial  Ed.)
Huge corporations will replace ^
small independent fanners iu thc
production of the world's food
supply in tlie opinion of Daniel
Hall, England's leading agricultural economist. He sees tills
already developing. Speaking in
New York, he said:
"When the small Independent
farmers generally full to make a
go of it, then capital will see its
opportunity and will step in with
its advantages of large organization and ' economical operation.
Since 1900 there has been—excepting in' tlie war years—a steady upward trend of food prices. This
is likely to increase to a point
where capital will not bo able to
keep Its hands off, and then will
come the new age in agriculture.
Evidences of New Trend
"The general farm depression in
America combined with the appearance of great farming units
such as the beet sugar industry
and the1 western wheat field devel-
opments1,'are evidences of the new
According to dpartment of agriculture figures, the average farmer's return for the use of $17,260
of capital-and for the labor of the
farmer ,and his family was only
$1,205 plus |266 of food and fuel.
The 1924 margin of cash receipts'
over cash expenses was (1,024. In
addition ther* was an aveVage in
crease ln inventories of crops,
livestock, mabhinery, and supplies
amounting to $181.
Farm Slavery
"The business of $1,024," says
the department "was p.11 the cash
the average of these tarms made
available to tho owner to pay his
living expenses, take care of debts,
and make improvements. Interest
paid on debts averaged $230 and
the reported outlay for Improvements  averaged   $133."
The Net Income
Deducting the interest on debt
and the expenditure on improvements, the average farm family
had $661 plus $266 of food and
fuel to live on—a total of $927.
This represents the entire 1924 return on the fanner's equity in his
farm as well as his wages for a
year's labor. On the basis of such
figures the Farmers' National
Council estimates that farmers in
1924 received $5,144,000,000 less
than a fair return for their labor.
Taxation Increasing
The department of agriculture
also shows how high taxes are
crowding the farmer. Taxes on
farm lands are about 140 per cent,
above 1914 while the selling value
of farm products has only risen 60
per cent, and the net cash return
has not increased at all. Taxes
took a larger proportion of the
income from farm property than
from any other kind of property.
Here Is the ground on which
capitalist farming will develop
during the ,coming generation.
(Special to The Advocate.)
KINDERSLEY, Sask.—That a
complete social change was needed in Canada, and that this
change would be brought about,
was the ringing message of A. E.
Bolton, prominent member of the
Farmers' Union of Canada, at a
picnic held by the local lodge of
the Farmers' Union recently.
He pointed out that the three
prairie provinces, in 1923, exported wheat, oats, barley and other
farm produce to the value of
$394,000,000. "Think, friends," he
said. "Canadian farmers produce
enough to feed fifty million people, and then think why you are
in rags."
Dealing with the Canadian farmer's position today, he stated
that the farmer was burdened
with debt, harrassed by the banking system, threatened with foreclosure on his land, or his chattels confiscated through a bill of
sale. The indebtedness of Saskatchewan farmers alone is $400,-
000,000, on which the farmers in
than„ province pay in interest
$32,000,000 per annum, an increase of $250,000,000 indebtedness for the past ten years, with
prospects of the farmers becoming
vassals, serfs or wage slaves.
He detailed how the international bankers maintained control
of a nation , through the channels
of finance, credit, inflation, manipulation of money markets, etc.
He dealt .with the Mo gan controlled Bawes Plan, and showed
how the German farmers were
being turned into slaves of Morgan,  the international  banker.
Prospective workers must prefer
to remain unemployed in cities
rather than work for Pennsylvania
farmers, according to the lament
heard around Willamsport. Wages,
working conditions and location of
farms fail to attract sufficient
workers. Many of the farmers are
especially short-handed because
their sons have gone to the cities
under the lure of shorter hours
and higher wages.
TENDERS WANTED for moving throe
single-roomed schools.    Apply School
Board Office for specifications.    Lowest
or  any  tender not necessarily accepted.
Secretary Vancouver School Board.
TENDERS WANTED for supply and
installation of a Rotary Oil Burning
Plant at General Oordon, Hastings and
Chas. Dickens Schools. Specifications
may be obtained from the School Board
Office. Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted. Tenders in sealed envelopes, endorsed "Tender Oil Burning
Plants," must be in tho hands of the
undersigned  by  July  28th,   1925.
Secretary Vancouver School Board.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paelfle
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The best makes of bicyclea
on easy terms.
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe; 76 Hastings St. E.
Hannah Lund-, 021 Birks Bldg., gives
instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.   1213.
Leslie  Coal  Co.   Ltd.,   944   Beach
Ave., Sey. 7137.
Dr.  W.  J.   Curry,   301  Dominion
Red Star  Drug  Store,  Cor.  Cordova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Hastings St. E.
Cordova St. W., few doors west of
Woodward's. Sey, 8687. Wholesale and
retail window  glass. "
Hotel   Stratford,   Gore  Ave.   and
Famous  Cloak   &   Suit   Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,   Granville St.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B* Brummitt, 18-20 Cordova
, V paired, by expert,. Will Edmunds,
965  RobBon  St.     Sey.'2094.
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hastings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   Hastings
Street East.
M St., 3 large photos, $1 with ad.
Extra photo free.
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hastings Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
Fred Kaltenbach, 305 Carrall St.
Where the chains of capitalism
are forged, there must the chains
be  broken.—Rosa Luxemburg.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
18 Hastings St. East,  Say.  988-672     665 OraayiUe Street   Sey. 9513-1391
151 Hastings   Street West Sey.   1370
SEALED   TENDERS   will   be   reoej
by the undersigned up to 12 o'c
noon of Saturday, the 25th day of J
1925, for supplying and delivering
required   at   the   University   of   Brll
Columbia,  Point Grey,  B.C.,   during!
fiscal year ending March 81st, 1926|
be  delivered  in  suoh quantities  and
such   time  as   may   be   directed   din
the period above  stated.    The  apprl
mate   annual   consumption   of   coal1]
5000 tons washed pea ooal.    The aba
mentioned   quantity   is* not   guarantl
the   quantity  actually  required  mayl
under or above the  figure stated.  .
dors to be based on ton of 2000 pon
Tenders must state name of mine I
which coal is to be supplied.    Each]
livery must be accompanied by an f
clal weighmaster's   certificate.  Weigh!
charges to be borne by the Univers]
Tenders   must   be   made   out   on   tq
which  may  be  obtained  from the.1!
versity   or   the   undersigned.     Tena
shall   be   accompanied   by   an., accepl
cheque in the sum of $100 on a cH
tered bank of Canada, made payable!
the    University    of    British    Columl
which   will   be   forfeited   if   the   par
tendering   decline   or   neglect   to   ea
into  the  contract  when  called upon]
do so.   The cheques of unsuccessful f
derers will be returned upon the exej
tion  of   contract.     The   lowest   or   i
tender not necessarily accepted. Tend!
must be signed by the actual signatu|
of the tenderers.
' Bursal
The University of British Columbia.,
SEALED   TENDERS   addressed   to
undersigned will  be reoelved by
Council up  to   8  o'clock p.m.  on Tl
day,   July   28,   1925,   for   the   const j
tion of the  following:
Lateral Sewers
Twenty-third Avenue, from Blenh|
to Dunbar  Streets.
Thirty-eighth Avenue, from Highb]
Street  to   Dunbar   Street.
Thirty-first Avenue, from Highbl
Street to 260 feet west of Waif
Twenty-seventh    Avenue,    from
Street to 280 feet east of Laurel Strl
Oak Street, from Twenty-sixth I
Twenty-seventh Avenues.
Thirty-fourth   Avenue,   from  Blenh1
to Dunbar Streets.
Form of tender, specifications andl
information may be obtained on appll
tion to the Municipal Engineer on
ment of  the  sum  of $5.00,  whioh.
be returned on receipt of a bona
A deposit by certified cheque of *|
(10) por cent, of the amount tend
will be required with each tenderj
security that the tenderer will, if ■
upon, enter into a contract, and prov
the required bond for the perform^
of the work.
The lowest or any tender not net)
sarily accepted.
Municipal Hall,
5851  West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B.C.,
July   22,   1025.
Can Be Relieved!
The netr Continental Remedy
Ia a simple, harmless home treating
which absolutely relieves dtafnesj
noises in the head, ete. Mo exp*
sive appllancee needed for this a«
Ointment, instantly operates upon tl
af footed parts with complete andp«
manent success. Scorn ef win''
ful cases reported.
Mrs.    E.    Orowe,    of    Whltekev
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am plot
ed to tell you that the small tin
ointment you sent to me at TentnJ
has  proved  a  complete euceess,
hearing ls now quite normal and
horrible   head   noises   have   eease!
Tho action of this new remedy ma
be very remarkable, for I have b»
troubled with   these   complaints   f
nearly 10 years and have had so.
of the very, best medical advice,
gether with other expensive ear
struments, all to no purpose.   I aet]
hardly say how very grateful I «
for my life has undergone an ent!
Try one box today, which
forwarded to any address on reeefl
of money order for $1.00. There 1
nothing better at any price. Addrea
orders to Manager "LABUALEME]
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
— IT PAYS — Nday, July 24, 1925
Page Thre*
- - POLITICS - -
Rumanian Atrocities
Shock Swiss Editor
{Federated  Press   Correspondent)
MOSCOW—Although   the.   Bul-
|arian atrocities have temporarily
brown  into  the  shade  the  sur-
oundlng    Balkan   nations,    news
tidlcatlng that the    torturing   of
frlsoners leading to the death of
taany of them, is still going on in
Rumania.   Recently a Swiss journalist,    Chapeuse,    editor    of   the
Journal de Geneve, was invited by
he., Rumanian    government     to
halt.   While there he .fell in with
lie  secretary of the League   of
Human    Rights   and   with    him
Isited the trial of the Rumanian
On leaving the country he said
|o his hosts: "I am leaving your
beautiful country, a man robbed of
Ills last faith in the respect for
human liberty."
Saw Only Part
Tet it is declared that Chapeuse
law only a tiny part of the horror
pf Rumania. He saw the courtroom, the great corridors packed
rrlth defendants on stretchers,
brought to trial ln thia condition
Ls a resutl of a hunger strike of
three weeks.    He met wlvea and
nothers who had not been allowed
por many days to see the prisoners.
3ut these things can be paralelled
|n many countries.
Last  September in   Bessarabia,
vhere the peasants are suspected,
probably correctly, of being friendly to Russia, hundreds of peasants
v ere hound hand and foot and
[thrown into the river Dniester.
jabor Scores Big
Victory in Tasmania
HOBART, Tasmania.— (FP) —
abor scores another brilliant victory In the Tasmanian state elections held June 3. Prior to the
{elections Labor had 12 seats, while
lie. anti-Labor parties held 18
feats in a parliament of 30 members. Labor, however, was in
office with the support of six of
tie anti-Labor members, having
|:aken control nearly two years
tigo, when the anti-Labor goverin-
Tient went out after almost bankrupting  the  country.
The result of the polls now is
[Labor  16,  anti-Labor  14.    Labor
lias a clear majority,  and Labor
[Premier J. A. Lyons again takes
charge of the government.
The writings of the wise are the
lonly riches our posterity cannot
Isquander,—Charles Lamh.
Stay at the
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
(0 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
Summer School Program
(Federated Press Staff Corr.)
The complete syllabus for the
Summer. School of Social Science
to be held at The Log Cabin, West
Summerland, from August 16th to
30th, Is announced by Rose Henderson, the Director, and is as
Evening Lectures at 8 o'clock
Sunday, Aug. 16—"The Religion
of the New Democracy," Rose
Sunday, Aug. 17—"Labor in Parliament,"  Harry Neelands,  M.P.P.
Tuesday,   Aug.   18—"Gandhi  or
Ford," Jack Logie.
. Wednesday, Aug. 19—"The Evolution  of  Man"   (illustrated  with
lantern slides), Dr. W. J. Curry.
Thursday, Aug. 20—"The Art of
the Future," Roae Henderson.
Friday, Aug. 21—"The Human
Voice as the Basis of Music." Geo.
W. Weaver. (Selections by the
Orpheus Club).
Saturday, Aug. 22.—Recreation
and Social Evening.
Sunday, Aug. 23—"The Poets'
Revolt," Dr. W. J, Curry.
Monday, Aug. 24—"The Press
and Labor," Sydney Warren.
Tuesday, Aug. 25 — "Thoreau,
Philosopher and Revolutionist,"
Jack Logie.
Wednesday, Aug. 26—"The Case
of the Farmer," E, T. Kingsley.
Thursday, Aug. 27 — "Postwar
Conditions of Capital and Labor,"
Ross Henderson.
Friday, Aug. 28—"Empire Preference," Angus Mclnnis.
Saturday, Aug. 29—Recreation
and Social Evening.
Sunday, Aug. 30—"Impressions
of the Summer School,"- A Symposium.
The evening lectures will be
followed by a general discussion at
which speakers are limited tn
order that all may be given an
opportunity to be heard.
Apart from the evening lectures
there will be morning lecture
classes and discussions will be held
on the following subjects:
Marx or MacDonald; Civilization's Deadlocks and the Keys,
Besant; From the Unconscious to
the Conscious, Celey; Modern
Drama; Woman in Modern Society; Irish Literature, Russell and
Stevens; Back to Methuselah,
Shaw; Man and War, Latzko; The
Child ln Modern Civilization; Revolution and Literature, Trotsky;
The Art of Public Speaking. Morning lectures will be held at 10 a.m.
There will also be a children's
hour at 4 p.m.
Tents and sleeping cots will be
provided but visitors are expected
to bring their own blankets. Meals
will be served In a common dining
room and expenses shared on a
communal basis. No charge Is
made for the lectures or tuition
and living expenses will not exceed one dollar per day.
Those who do not care foi- camp
life can be accommodated at hotels
both In Summei-land and West
Summerland at reasonable rates.
The. Director, Mrs. Rose Henderson, urges all intending visitors to
make reservations at once by writing to Jack Logie, manager, at
West Summerland.
Bakers War on Night
Work and Tuberculosis
One hundred and thirty political
prisoners in the Kithenev, Bessarabia prison, have declared a hunger
strike as a sign of protest against
the unbearable conditions and
medieval regime prevailing in the
prison. The majority of those accused have been in prison from 6
to 12 months without having any
charge whatever brought up
against them.
Dictator Primo de Rivera
rejected the French appeal
Spanish co-operation against
Morrccan troops. The Spanish
government insisted that the international zone around Tangier
be given to Spain in return for a
Spanish offensive, but England
rejected this proposal as a danger
to her fortifications at Gibraltar.
The strike of metal workers,
which has been In progress for
some time, is spreading. Twenty
thousand workers in the Liege
district have announced that they
will leave their posts on July 25,
making the total number of strikers about 65,000.
Send in Your Subscription Today.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
** steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
846 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Hotel, restaurant and tea-room
employees, barmaids and barmen,
and brewery employees are out on
strike. All cafes and hotels are
closed, and the breweries have
ceased supplying liquor. The strike
arose over the question of union
labor in cafes.  .
The lawyers defending the anti-
fasciat professor Gaetano Salve-
mlnlj of the University of Florence, against the charge of treason
brought by the fascists, have been
attacked and beaten by the Mussolini followers.
The Soviet government has demanded of the Polish government
the formation of a commission to
investigate the burning of a Soviet
border guard station by Polish
Troops of the Guayqull garrison
have captured the government in
a military movement. At the same
time the troops set up a military
chief at Quito, the capital of Ecuador.
Ex-governor Lencines and other
officials charged with misuse of
power and public funds while in
offlce are to be arrested, it was
announced at Mendoza.
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—A campaign to
eliminate night work in bakeries
and improve health conditions
generally has been started by locals of the bakers' union in New
York and other cities affiliated
with the Workers' Health Bureau,
and brings into sharp relief the
unflattering, fact that the United
States lags behind most of the
civilized world so far as protection for the men behind the bake
ovens is concerned. Great Britain
is almost the only European
power that has not greatly abridged or abolished this health-ruining practice, and at the Seventh
International Labor Conference,
just concluded at Geneva, the vote
was overwhelmingly in favor of
recommending all member nations
to abolish night work.
The fight on night work in American bakeries is linked with the
fight on the open shop. Night
work is a leading cause of the
alarming death rate among the
numerous workers engaged in preparing the staff of life, and the
union is the only force that consistently demands its abolition.
Tuberculosis alone claims 51.7
per cent, of all bakers who die
between the ages of 25 and 34, as
compared to the 40 per cent, of
the general working population
between those ages. Heart disease, resulting from strain and
fatigue, and anaemia from chronic
(fuel) gas poisoning, are common, as well as "bakers' itch," a
special skin irritation resulting
from handling moist materials
with hot hands.
Boston Elevated Carmen
Prepare To Strike
—— .i*
(By Federated Press)
BOSTON—Voting 4950 to 197,
members of the Boston Street
Carmen's Union employed on the
city's elevated railway, expressed
their readiness to strike. If their
employers continue their demand
for a change In the'' Arbitration
system by which dispute's between
the company and workers have
been settled. The trustees of the
car company asked in the regular
meeting 60 days prior to tt.e'.expiration of the agreement with the
union for the governor of the state
or "some other disinterested* per-,
son" to name the third arbitrator.
Hitherto the arbitrator named by
the company and the one chosen
by the union have together selected
the third member. ...,
The union asked fori, wage increases .lifting rates for motormen
and conductors from 72 to 95 cents
and proportionate increases for
other werkers. The*, company
countered with a request? ifbr seven
cents reduction in all wa**s. But
the main difficulty grew out of the
company's proposal to change the
arbitration system and. the failure
of the arbitrators; to...select a third
suitable to each. The wsge conference committee of tbe union In
given full power by the vote of the
workers to order a,strike lf necessary before the union abandon, the
arbitration plan used.for 12 years.
Eight-Hour Day Seeps
Into the Oil Fields
Open Shops Closed
By Clothing Workers
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—Eight Broadway
clothing factories and tern other
New York plants—all open-shop
concerns—have been Bhut down In
the last few days by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers' Union in
the campaign to organize the New
York market 100 per cent. Rose
Bros., largest of the struck plants,
is one of the biggest open-shop
clothing concerns in the country,
and has hitherto stood pat against
all union drives,.
The walkout was preceded by
quiet canvassing of the workers
and* is: completely effective, say
union-representatives. It has add*
ed significance as coming while
the amalgamated Is waging stiff
fights in St. Louis, Chicago and
other cities.
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK. — Though the
Standard 0,il Co. of New Jersey is
being advertised as the latest patron of the eight-hour day, and
eulogistic editorials in metropolitan papers are duly hailing oil
for following the example of steel,
the facts of this gracious reform
have simmered down to smaller
size thap was at first supposed.
Only 1400 workers are affected by
the reduction in hours from 12
to 8 per day, and these are the
drillers ,tool dressers and other
workers engaged in digging wells
for the Carter Oil Co., a subsidiary of the New Jersey Standard
in the mid-continent fields.
Drillers in the oil fields have
been doing a 12-hour day since
the first wells were bored in the
middle of the last century. Even
duri|iig the war, when the 8-hour
day was fairly common, the drillers watched the clock go round
on the job. The existence of this
12-hour day furnished a glaring
contradiction to the statement of
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., two
years ago, that he was opposed
to the two-shift system.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate  when  buying.
Thread Workers Are
Evicted From Homes
(By Federated Press.)
deputy sheriffs and six assistants
are forcibly evicting those of the
35 thread-mill strikers' families
that, have not yet abandoned the*
stuffy little company houses.
Court judgment has been given
against only 35 out of the 2500
thread-mill strikers.
The United Textile Workers'
Union has set up a colony of 18
large tents and a community kitchen for evicted strikers Just beyond the town limits on the grassy field above a stream. Children
of the strikers, those over 14 relieved temporarily from mill work,
enjoy swimming and paddling; in
the stream these warm summer
Some strikebreakers.are housed
in one of the houses at present
a*nd are taken to and from the
hugo mill in a light truck, guprd-
ed by state police., Company
Agent Don H. Curtis claims thnt
700 perrons aro working. Actually
there are not 70 strikebreakers in
the whole mill, and these are out-
of-town girls and boys, for the
most part.
WHEELING, W. Va. -gj. (FP) —
Striking miners In the Panhandle
district of West Virginia, are receiving tents to house their evicted
families. William Roy, vice-president United Mine Workers is supervising. ,,,,, .
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Llrjuor Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by tha Liquor Control
Board or by tha Oovernment of British Columbia —**^^^s^w
Page Four
Friday, July 24, 1925'
fecUkrUd "pft^e
H, :    fj ■
Address All  Letters  a*nd
Remittances to the Editor
®lp fflmtaftatt Jfarmwr-ffiabor A&troraft
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
JUDGE CAMPBELL ot the Oregon circuit court, stated in
Victoria recently that 05 per oent.
of all crime was due to idleness.
No doubt abont it, judge. We have
been maintaining for years that
the idle rich were murderers, robbers, thieves, pickpockets, despoil
ers of womanhood, good for nothing vagabonds, all round parasites, and a few other things the
printer refuses to put in type, but
all along, for so saying, we have
been denounced from press and
pulpit, not to mention being
thrown into the "can" by idle
judges. Glad to welcome you,
judge, into the inner circle of proletarian truth dispensers.
» » »
by the daily press to be extremely
friendly towards Canada, particularly towards Ontario. We hate
casting reflections upon anyone,
but experience has taught us the
kind of people British capital
takes a fancy to, and our opinion
of the militancy of Ontario labor
ls not enhanced as a result of
reading this news item.
* •*   *
JE. THOMPSON, speaker of the
' Ontarion Leglsalture, informed
the Canadian Club lh Vancouver a
few days ago that what we needed
was more sons of England, sons of
Scotland, and sons of Ireland.
We do not know how Thompson
may be fixed for sons, but our
trouble out here is not lack of
sons but lack of jobs and coffee
ans*. Besides, for reasons other
than nationalistic and economic,
we object to such a mixture in the
* •   •
■ awarded the palm for his
amazing ability to write trips.
Having all but proven himself to
be a direot descendant of Moses he
is now telling how Ezekiel sat up
nights doping out how the Bolsheviks would invade Palestine, after
which "we British-Israelites" will
usher in a new era, in which "all
tho world wjll be young." Evidently the wheels ;of time are going to
revolve backwards, but this passes
as professional, wisdom in our day
and generation.
* *   *
rpHE DAILY PRESS treats us to
■*■ some* choice morsels of news,
but .the. .following from the Vancouver Daily Province shows unusual mastery of logic: "Signs of
discord are apparent in the ranks
of Hong Kong strikers. . . . The
strikers are non; organizing and
drilling In large numbers." A
truly remarkable sign of discord.
Professor'Haldane, of Birmingham University, pleads for the use
of poison _-b ln the next war. His
suggestion Is that heavy artillery
should spray large areas with mustard gas. Two days, he says, should
be allowtft tor the blisters to develop, and'then an attack should
be launched behind the usual
heavy barrage of high explosives,
gas-proof tanks* being supported
by negroes wearing gas-masks.
Evidently the next war that we
were assured was never going to
happen ls destined to make wars
of the past seem Ilka afternoon
tea parties. < *■*
If by any possibility the existence of a power superior to and
independent of Nature shall be
demonstrated, there will then be
time enough to kneel. Until then
let ub IH stand nobly erect.—Ingersoll.
HRITISH LABOR is facing what may prove to be the most
• crucial "moment in its history. The annals of the British
trade union movement is replete with struggles, great and
small, but the present conflict bids fair to overshadow all
others. The master class is attacking all along the line.
Miners, railwaymen, engineers, textile workers, all are threatened with wage cuts and extension of working hours. The
enslavement of German workers through the acceptance of
the Dawes Plan is driving British commodities out of the
world markets, and the manufacturers, being unwilling to curtail their own fat profits, are endeavoring to throw the load
of meeting this sharpened competition on the backs of the
working class. The miners refuse to consider either longer
hours or less.pay, and have given notice of a strike at the
end of this month. The railwaymen point out that in 1922
British railways paSPout the,largest dividends in their history, and this despite the fact that they carry £350,000,000 of
watered stock. They refuse to accept a five per cent, cut,
even although it is sugar-coated with an equal cut for the
« * •      •      •      •
both sides. The workers have nothing to rely upon but
the power that springs from their own solidarity, but behind
the master class stands "the entire armed forces of the state.
That this will be used against the workers is evidenced by
the statements of W. C. Bridgeman, First Lord of the Admiralty, who", replying to questions in the House of Commons,
stated that orders had-been given the navy "to carry out the
duty of protecting British life and supply food and other
necessities for the people," and told how much "the lads in
blue" would be paid for strikebreaking work. That offal of
all classes, capitalism's last line of defence, the British Fascisti, have volunteered to scab and beat up strikers. At the
head of the government is Stanley Baldwin of Baldwin's
Ltd., ironmaster and coal mine owner, directly and vitally
interested in the struggle. The battle for bread in the British
Isles looms sharp and bitter, as British capital casts off its
democratic mantle and reveals its true murderous form.
• •      •      •      •
T ABOR'S FIGHTING FORCES are being marshalled for the
' fray. A new fighting, alliance of miners, railwaymen,
transport workers, engineers and shipbuilders has been formed, with the avowed intention of taking such steps, "including strike action, as may be necessary to ensure victory for
the union in dispute." The British Trades Congress has
voted to support the miners in their struggle, and a special
session is being held today to discuss the situation. With
men like Purcell, Swales and A. J. Cook at the head of labor's
battalions, the British bosses face a different situation from
what they faced in 1920, when the Triple Alliance went to
pieces through the treachery of J. H. Thomas and his friends.
British capitalism, although rapidly becoming decrepit and
tottering, is still able to fight with all the venom accumulated
years have brought it, but if labor's ranks hold firm, and
tii ere is nothing to indicate they will not, it is difficult to
foretell what the results may be. The fighting strength of
British labor is about to be tested.   Let us hope they win.
• »      •      •      *
A   E. BOLTON of Kelliher, Sask., who recently returned from
* Russia, where he attended the sessions of the Farmers'
International, reported recently to a group of representative
farmers on the observations he had made in the Workers'
Bepublic, and the lessons to be drawn by Canadian farmers.
Ar, a result of this meeting the "Saskatoon Star" has been
emitting loud wails of asinine rage. The predatory instincts
of the editor of that family journal is seriously wounded
because Bolton suggested uniting the farmers and wage-
workers of this country into one huge alliance, nationalization of the banks, and refusal to pay interest on mortgaged
farms. Dealing with this, the Star says: "His union of producers and workers is to exercise all political power*' .' i .
and "capitalists and other parasites are apparently to have
no share in the movement." It surely would be hell on ear<_h
if the editor of the Star, along with "capitalists and other
parasites," had to till the soil and dig ditches or starve.
Verily, dispossessing the bourgeoisie is the ne plus ultra of
His Satanic Majesty's inventive abilities.
National Bankruptcy
Faces Great Britain
(Federated Press Correspondent.)
Eyes on England! Will there
be a coal strike? Will it Involve
sympathetic strikes by miners ln
Belgium, France and possibly Germany and the United States? Will
the entire British labor movement
support the miners? Will England mobilize army and navy
against them? These are ques*
tions as vital to the history of
capitalist industrialism as those
raised by the assassination of
Archduke Ferdinand which touched off the European War ln 1914.
"No Ordinary Dispute"
"Take note," says George Lansbury in his Labor Weekly, "this
can be no ordinary dispute,"
"We have come to the point
where we shall have to contemplate the liquidation of Our national assets and live on our national capital,'' says Chairman
Allan Smith of the Allied Employers National Federation of
Great Britain, one of England's
biggest capitalists. "If something
is not done to revivify our export
trade the result must be national
Foreign Investments Decrease
Employment in England has depended for years on foreign investment, possibly because of a
heavy trade balance in her favor.
In 1924 her margin for investment abroad was only $150,000,-
000, compared with $900,000,000
in 1923. The 1925 balance will
probably go against her by over
So -we find 16.8 per cent, of
the workers unemployed ln coal
mining, 12.1 per cent, in coke,
15 per cent, ln pottery, 19.3 per
cent, ln glass bottle manufacture,
17 per cent, ln pig iron, 23.6 per
cent, in steel, 22.7 per cent, ln tin
plate, 17.8 per cent, in wool, 40.1
per cent, in linen, 32.6 per cent,
in canal, river, dock and harbor
service ajnd the cotton Industry
escaping general unemployment
only by regularizing a short week
with reduced pay.
Capitalism Crumbling
"Capitalism in Great Britain,"
says C. T. Cramp, secretary National Union of Railwaymen, and
chairman British Labor party,
"with its accompaniments of militarism and extreme nationalism,
which wait upo,n it everywhere in
its old age, ls passing away. I
believe it will disappear ln ways
which are not anticipated by those
who first raised the standard of
Great Episode in History
"Some of us gravely doubt if
ever again the adult population of
this Island will be fully employed.
It may be that we, shall have to
contemplate the possibility of a
shrinkage of population and a position more closely approximating
that of Denmark or Holland."
So was It ever with empires
reared upon exploitations. Those
who study the slow passing of
England will be spectators of one
of the greatest dramas of history.
.Man has no right to kill his
brother. It is no excuse that he
does so in uniform; he only adds
the infamy of servitude to the
crime of murder.—Shelley.
"Let  others  plough  and  till  the
sullen soil!
Content  I am  to  profit by their
—H. M. Wallbrook.
Bind ln Tour Subscription Today.
She:    "Say, Ole, were you fulfl
last night when you came to bed ?'^
He:   "No, why7"
She:  "Well, you talked in your]
sleep so crazy about me.    Said
had such   a   perfectly   machined]
head that you loved to tappet, and
called yourself my perfect governor, and that it was easy to control'
my speed, and how seldom you had-]
to give me the air; you pinched
my wrist and said, 'Say fellers thiil
arm will never break.'    One pulll
In her starting valve and she rolls]
off like a charm. My old one would-]
never do that ahd she costs me so
little to operate.   My last one was]
a dizzy or semi or something like!
that and nearly broke me before IJ
threw  her  out.    Her  pump  is aj
dandy, too, and you know I havel
a weak heart, and referred to my]
nose as a nozzle with such small!
holes in it.    You must be crazy,]
Ole   and  besides you  never told]
me   you    were   married    before..}
What do you mean?"
He:   "Weil,  dear,  I must have!
beeh tired.    Tou know i just installed my new gas engine."
—Meets second Monday in the month. C
Preeldent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.I
Neelands.    P. 0. Box 86.
111, 918 Pender St. West. Business j
meetings 1st and 8rd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis,]
8544 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,!
B.C., Corresponding Secretary. '
Any district in British Columbia desiring information re securing speakers!
or the formation af local branches, kind-]
ly communicate with Provincial Secre-]
tary J. Lyle Telford, 524. Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone -Seymour1
1882, or Bayvlew 5520.
Meets second Thursday every monthi
In Holden Building, President, J. Bright*
well; financial secretary, H. A. Bow*
ron, 761 18th Ave. East,
first and third Fridays in eaeh month]
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; secretary!
treasurer, Oeo. Harrison, 1182 Parker!
—Local   882—Meets   every   Wednesday!
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden  BulldingJ
President, Charles Price; business agent}
and financial secretary, F* L. Hunt; recording secretary, J. T. Tenn.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.-
Meets In Cotillion Hall, eorner of Davit
and Granville streets, second Sunday at i
10 a.m. President, E. A.. Jamleson, 991)
Nelson street; secretary, 3. W. Allen,;
(191 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or-j
ganlier, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson street/
UNION OF CANADA—Headquarters*
st Rooms 5, 6 and 7, Flack Building, I
168 Hastings Street W., Vancouver, B.C.d
Tel. Sey. 8898. President, Robert Thomjl
Vice-President, David Gillespie; Sec'y-.1
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Victoria 4
Branch, Room 11, Green Block, Broad I
Street, Victoria, B.O.   Phone 1906.
President. R. P. Pettlplece; vice-president,   C.   F.   Campbell;   secretary-treasurer,   R.   H.   Neelands,   P.O.   Box   68.
Meets last Sunday of each month at 94
p.m. In Holden Building, 16 Hastings —'
UNION, No. 418—President, . 8. D.]
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. M. j
Campbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last]
Thursday of each month.
Ifantttr-Uabm. Aihmrafe
With Which Is Incorporated
By fhj Labor P. MlsMag Oo.
Bnsiness  sod Editorial  Offlet,
1129 Howe SI
 >** *
Ths Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Is
a non-factional  weekly  newspaper,' giving news of the farmer-labor movement
In aetion.        ■ '
Subscription Rates: United States and
foreign, 12*50 per year; Oaaada, t*
par year, 91 for six monthi; to unions
subscribing in a body, 16o par member  per  month.
Member Tha Federated Preal and Tha
British labor Praaa Vriday,. July 24, %m
Pag-? Jfiye
■Awakened Woman
(By Bose Henderson.)
/HEN woman ls really awak*
ened, educated and free, who
bold as to prophesy what the
ttyid end of her achievement
ay be?
f,Never in thie history  of man-
ad   was1 an  awakened  woman-
more needed than now,  to
Hng   tbe   world   back   from   its
'esent   misery   and    chaos    to
balth and sanity.
[Billions are being spent annu-
upon  destruction.   Education
being limited, where It is not
[rtually being stopped. No money
schools, no money for homes,
|t plenty can be found for the
aughter and moral degradation
the workers.
. Capitalist .civilization has failed
|tterly,   It has failed because of
own inherent contradictions.
Man cannot hope to be free nor
ftelligent  while  woman  remains
ackward and ln subjection.
i If  man  is  bred  in  subjection,
lid born of an ignorant mother,
tifitted  to train him in any of
nobler attributes, he ls bound
be the prototype of inheritance
[Tearless, intelligent, noble men
not born of timid, slavish, ig-
brant women.
f Normal wbmajn seeks lntelli-
bnce and to be free, as man does,
[Woman, freed from the bond-
ee of fear and economic subjec-
pn, will seek to create for her-
f and family the best possible
vironment, as she did in the
* The instinct for peace and
berty is deeply rooted in her
jtture; she is conservative only
her desire to protect life,
filch she knows the cost df.
hen we behold woman as she is
, we see not the true natural
pman, but a deformed, warped
1 pitiable product, dominated
her emotions, the victim of
istoms and traditions imposed
pon her by those who sought to
tape her life so as to make her
nister to their desires,
jin our plans for the betterment
'the working class, let us hold
/mind the place and power of
[fettered woman, and .not the
nid, mental cripple that slave
(ietles have produced.
Women Co-operators
Urges British Miners
To Fight Wage Cuts
LONDON—A Congress of Women Co-operators was held in
Cambridge recently, at which
nearly 1,000 delegates representing
860 members of the Women's Co
operative Guild attended.
Among the questions discussed
were unemployment, education,
guilds and politics, women police,
housing, food, and conscription.
The most important item discussed was the present mining
crisis, and the following telegram
was sent to the Miners' Federation
"Women's Co-operative Guild
sends sincerest sympathy in miners' struggle for work and living
wage. Stand Arm; the women are
behind you."
Message to Miners
A resolution was   also    carried
declaring that:
"This Congress of the Women's
Co-operative Guild learns with indignation of the decision to end
the mining wage agreement on
July 31. It sends sincere sympa
thy to the miners ln their strug
gle, and calls on the General
Council of the Trades Union Congress to resist this fresh attack on
the workers' standard of living
with all the strength of its command.
"The Congress recognizes that
the workers have already made
tremendous sacrifices amounting
to over £10,000,000 weekly, and
points out that the time is overdue
for the capitalist class to make
some sacrifice."
Many Women Over Age
Of 44 Years Employed
eight and a half million women ln
the United States who work for a
living, three-quarters of them are
over 24 years of age and two-fifths
of these, or nearly one-third of the
total number are more than' 44
years old. Of the two million married women at work, three-fifths
are between 25 and 44 years of
age, while another fifth are over
44 years. These facts concerning
working woman can be found in
the latest pamphlet issued by the
Women's Bureau of the U. S. Department of Labor, Washington,
In regard to women's wages for
any of the states investigated by
the Women's Bureau the highest
median was the mere pittance of
$16.85. The medians ranged from
that sum down to as low as $8.50
a week. The investigation showed
that where the wages were higher
the hours of work were less, and
where wages were the lowest,
hours of labor were longest.
Geo. McCuaig
Phona Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Specialist In Trusses for Han, Woman,
Ohlldren and Infanta
Phona Sey. 8820
969 Robson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
23  Years  Established  In Vancouver
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Our* Your Rheumatism, lumbago, Neuritis or Baid Oold *
744 Haatings St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
•Poverty ls not merely deprlva-
jn; it means   shame,   degrada*
pn; the searing of the most sen
Jive parts of our moral and men
nature as with hot irons; the
riial of the strongest impulses
Id the sweetest affections; the
penciling of the most vital nerves,
lenry George,
Heated War Arises
In Garment Trades
LADIES I You can pick up some
wonderful bargains now at the
"Famous"—beautiful summer dresses, smart new coata, suits, hosiery,
sweaters, ete. But you will have
to hurry I Stocks are rapidly running out. Why not make a point
of visiting this great sale TOMORROW!
Famous ^H,^.
819-823 Bastings Street Waat
Immigrants Cut Wages
in Australia
BBISBANE, Australia.—(FP)—
A commissioin appointed by the
Queensland government to inquire
into immigration to Australia .reports that industry cannot absorb
all those flooding into Queensland; that the immigrants are
utilized to lower wages, undermine working conditions, violate
the wage awards a*nd break the
Standard of living.
The report finds that foreigners are doing work for no other
consideration than food and shelter; that many farmers give them
preference in the hope of exploiting their ignorance of the English language and the conditions
of work in the industries at which
they were employed.
lelp us by mentioning the Ad-
ate. ''.:
He that will not reason is a
bigot; he that cannot reason is a
fool; and he that dare not reason
ls a slave.—Drummond.
jloil one cup raisins in enough
Ker to cover.    Pour off half a
of the liquid after they are
[led.    Cream halt a cup butter
one cup brown sugar.   Add
beaten- egg, the half cup of
f.er from the raisins,  and one
a half cups flour, into which
been sifted one teaspoon soda
half a teaspoon each of cloves
JCare must be taken not to use to
much flour in rolling as it makes
them less rich. Roll the dough
cut thin, cut in fancy shapes, put
pieces of walnut In the centre of
some and in others a cherry, part
of a date or raisins. Bake ln a
quick oven about seven minutes.
(If "Mater" wishes the cookies
less rich for children she could
use three-quarters of a cup shortening instead of the full amount.)
»ne otip white sugar, one
Iter and lard mixed, two eggs,
small teaspoon baking soda,
teaspoon   cream   of   tartar,
»ut two large cupfuis o* Hour.
pam the shortening and sugar
. then add the beaten eggs.
|t the cream of tartar in with
flour, dissolve the soda in a
spoon of water, and add to the
mixture.   Then mix   in   the
[ur to make a fairly soft dough,
Two cupfuls of brown sugar, one
cupful of lard and butter mixed,
two well-beaten eggs,' one level
teaspoonful of soda, one teaspoonful of baking powder sifted in
three cups of flour,.one teaspoonful of nutmeg, two cups of seeded
raisins. Mix in the order given.
Drop from a spoon into a slightly
greased pan, and bake in a quick
oven. (Dates may be substituted
for the raisins, if desired.) Nuts
may be added.
(Federated Press Correspondent)
CHICAGO—The Chicago Federation of Labor has thrown a bomb-*
shell into the United Garment
Workers of America by taking the
part of the Amalgamated Garment
Workers in the International Tailoring Co. strike where the United
has been strikebreaking against
the Amalgamated. Chicago locals
of the United send delegates to the
federation while the Amalgamated,
being independent of the A. F. of
ts„ does not.
. Ask Green for Aid
By resolution unanimously passed
the executive board of the federa
tion disclaims the strikebreaking
tactics of the United, which it says
is uprooting and jeopardizing "the
very foundation and the very fundamental practices of the labor
movement," and calls on President
Green of the American Federation
to investigate the use of the name
of the A. F. of L. "to induce men
and women to take the places of
those on strike."
The Background
The resolution recites how 15
years ago the Chicago Federation
with the Women's Trade Union
league organized the garment
industry after a 5-month strike
costing them over $70,000 but resulting in 10,000 new members for
the United Garment Workers, how
the United officials made lt impossible for these and 20,000 more to
remain in that union and so forced
the organization of the Amalga
mated. Finally the resolution requests the A. F. of L. officials to
help bring the Amalgamated into
the A. F. of L.
Claim "United" Scabbing
In addition to the Chicago Federation's condemnation, several of
its affiliated local unions denounce
what they term the scabbery of the
United. What the United did was
to sign an agreement with the International Tailoring Co. after the
Amalgamated, whtch had had the
shop organized 100 per cent for
many years, went on strike to enforce renewal of Its agreement
without reduction ln wages. All
the other large clothing shops had
renewed with the Amalgamated.
The contract signed with the
United then gave the employer the
chance to advertise for strikebreakers "under union conditions,"
which he has persistently done,
though without much result.
This Is a world of compensation,
and he who would be no slave
must be content to have no slave.
—Abraham Lincoln.
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
OAN I continue to pay for this space and so  help sustain
*"* The Farmer-Labor Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through ignorance or
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and' courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
:-:  TAKE A   «
"Hudson's Bay Point"
Blanket with You
to Camp
VOU'LL find it mos| useful, and worth two or three
- of other makes. The "POINT" BLANKET is made
by special process, exclusively for the H.B.C., and is
.obtainable only in H.B. stores and posts. It is all wool
through and through, with a camel hair finish that is
damp-resisting and a service quality that stands the
hardest kind of wear. Beware of imitations. Other
manufacturers are making a "point" blanket, but the
"H.B. POINT" BLANKET has stood the service test
for more than a generation. Only genuine when it has
"THE SEAL OP QUALITY" label on it. Shown in
fast colors of green, scarlet, white striped, grey and
khaki, at the following prices. Unparalleled for miners,
lumbermen, surveyors, campers, etc., and suitable for
dressing gowns, auto rugs, couch throws, etc.
Point Grey Khaki
3   $10.50 $12.50
3i/2  $12.50 $15.00
4  $15.00 $17.50
Point Green White
3     $12.50 $14.00
31/2 . $15.00 	
4        $17.50 $19.50
(f .NCOftPO-MTCO **? a* m»v nro        R **B
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
North Vancouver Ferries       *■
The crews of the North Vancouver Ferries were very much
surprised the other day to know
that one of their mates, a fireman (Mr. Ridley) on No. 2 Ferry,
had been suspended for a period
of one month dating from Monday, July 20, 1925. According to
the report that we received, Ridley had relieved another fireman
on the ferry at 7 a.m., and as the
man that had been relieved is a
new majp on the ferries, relieving
those that are due for their annual two weeks' holidays, the fires
were not left in the usual manner
Ridley had been accustomed to.
He started to clean the fires at
8:40 a.m., ignoring previous rulings of the new superintendent of
the ferries, a Mr. Chalmers.
Ridley approached the superintendent and had the suspension
cut to the first of the month.
When the secretary of the union
asked Mr. Chalmers for an interview, he was told that everything
had been settled and that the
suspension had been cut to the
first of August. The matter would
have been taken to the council
but for the statement that Ridley
was satisfied with the latest decision of the superintendent.
Whether Ridley was made the
"goat" or not we do not know,
but why jump on Ridley all of a
sudden, after eight years' service,
when, according to the report, the
other fireman was just as much
to blame as Ridley for not adhering to the strict disciplinarian
tactics of the superintendent, who
in turn says he was sorry that he
had to suspend Ridley, but that
the council demanded action. Ridley had to be suspended to satisfy the whims of the North Vancouver council.
'   Report From Naden Harbor,
Queen Charlotte Islands
Jack Frost of the "Whaler
Blue," reports there has not been
many whales around that vicinity.
Unfortunately Frost took sick and
had to be shipped to Vancouver.
His report is that the conditions
aboard the whalers are good.
* "
Members in Hospital
Brother Tom Bauldie is rapidly
improving a,nd expects to be out
in a few days. Dad Gilmartin is
doing very well and is pleased
with the treatment given him, but
has a keen desire to see a few
members from the Union Hall.
Bill Fleet was discharged from
the hospital, fit as a fiddle.
Mall List at Headquarters
There is mail at the Headquarters for ..the following members:
J. Atkins, H. Heckltt, P. Bailey,
L. Barrett, A. Bestwick, E. Cook,
L. Crocker, C. J. Erickson, F. L.
Evans, D. Faulds, H. Flanagan,
H. G. Fisher, J. Gerachy, C. H.
Hewitt, J. Hodson, C. Jamieson,
J. Jansen, R. N. Joflies, J. Johnson, J. Maekay, M. Maddigan, G.
Mahoney, J. Maskell, D. Morgan,
W. Morgan, J. McDonald, H. McKenzie, O. Oakley, L. Ochs, J.
O'Neill, A. Patterson, E. Pattison,
C. Patterson, A. E. Putnam, J.
Scott, A. Smith, W. Th'ean, J.
Thompson, J. E. Thomas, B. To-
vey, B. Tulk, J. Whitecross, A.
Williams, J. Williams, Wm. Worrall,* J. M. Woodhead. Members
are asked to pick up all mail as
soon as convenient or it will be
returned after a period of three
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to$37.65
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
Union Proofreaders
Assail Dope Sheets
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—Proofroom conditions in newspaper plants have
been getting progressively worse,
finds the committee on proofroom
survey of Typographical Union
No. 6, and the young men in the
printing business are turning
away from this sub-craft of the
trade. Speed, rather than accuracy, is becoming the newspaper
practice, and with the fall ln
standard, pay has fallen, so that
it is the exception where the reader gets more tha.p the scale, as
used to be the case. For much
of the work the reader has to
"horse" copy, that Is, read it without an assistant—a double-edged
grievance, the reader's job becoming harder and the assistant's job
disappearing. And to cap the climax, the proofreader has been
taken out of his separate office
and shunted into the composing
room, amidst the clatter of machinery and the fumes of lead
and gasoline.
Mention the Advocate and dealer
will know you.
The Original
Logging Boot
-..*  *i for
Quick Service for Bepalri
AU Work Guaranteed
Special Atttntlon to Mill Ordera
H. Harvey
EeUbllihed in Vtneonver in 1197
(Stax Corr. Fed. Press)
NEW TORK-7-For the flrst time
a high British official is admitting
that England cannot rule India by
force, Sailendra N. Ghose, Indian
political exile directing the Friends
of Freedom for India organization,
sayB in reference to Lord Birkenhead's statement in. the British
parliament. Birkenhead, secretary
of state for India, said: "We no
longer'talk of holding the gorgeous
east in fear, but ask India to
march side by side with us in
fruitful, harmonious partnership
which might create the greatest
and proudest days of Indian his
The statement is preliminary to
the calling of a conference of the
Indian legislature, representatives
of the National congress and government to determine what shall
be done to revise the Act of 1919
which gave partial self-government to India.
The 1919 Aet
The 1919 Act proved so unwork.
able    that    a special government
committee   of   nine   Investigated.
The five members chosen by the
governor*-general* of India included
one  Hindu and  one  Mohamedan,
conservatives,  who  admitted  that
the supposed self-government was
a    failure    and    proposed    mild
changes.   The four other members,
elected by the people and all nationalists,   submitted   a   minority
report, showing that there should
be efforts to put the government of
India   on   a   constitutional   basts
agreed upo'n by all parties.    The
"minimum  demands"    formulated
by C. R. Das at the Bengal Provincial Conference were his answer
to the inquiry committee.
Indian Workers Mnst Unite
Britain   will   never   grant   the
three fundamental demands, Ghose
believes.   They seek Indian control
over (1) the military, (2) finance,
(3) and foreign affairs.   The British government will probably give
In on certain minor administrative
points, Ghose expects, in a desperate effort to maintain Its economic
hold on India—Britain's main consideration.   There will be no real
gain for Indian freedom, for Indian workers and the millions of
peasant farmers.    But the Indian
national movement is too strong,
uniting,   in  spite  of Birkenhead's
propaganda,    Ghose   asserts,    the
Hindu and the Moslem, the business man, professional man, workers and farmers of all India in the
effort   to   gain   Indian,   freedom.;
Each may have his own idea of
what that freedom Is but all are
working    together    now    against
Even Ramsay MacDonald, Labor
narty premier of England, did not
go so far as Birkenhead in admitting the failure of British force in
India. Ghose mentions the letter
of McDonald while in offlce. in
which he deprecated the rising
nationalists and said that the government wouid use all    force    to
A Strong Labor Press can't be
had by wishing for it.
It takes building—hard, steady
This paper, is the flrst attempt
in Canada to make a paper truly
representative of the Labor movement as a whole without regard
to any special faction or group.
This paper contains more real
live labor news than any other
Labor paper in Canada. This is
not a statement, but a fact that
has been verified by comparison.
The creating of militant labor
thought by means of accurate
working class information in the
form of world-wide labor news is
the object of THE CANADIAN
If you approve of this object,
show your endorsement in a. practical way by sending ln your subscription and that of your shop-
The Canadian Labor Advocate,
1129 Howe Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
I wish to endorse your plan for
the creation of a strong Labor
press in a practical way and here
with  enclose dollars
for the following subscriptions:
Pressmen's Picnic
As we stated in our last issue
that everybody attending the Vancouver Printing.Pressmen's picnic
would have a good time, over 500
attended and from opinions ex-
vressed by all, we were right.
Many left Vancouver on the 10
o'clock boat but the majority left
at 2 o'clock arriving about 3.
when a full program of miscellaneous sports was disposed of, after
which many enjoyed dancing to
the strains produced by the Criterion orchestra.
Many congratulations are due
the committee under the direction
of Prof. "Mike" Lothian, for the
able way in which everything was
carried out.
To those- who dwell ln cities anc
enjoy a certain amount of unfet
tered Intercourse with each othe:
it may come as something of (
surprise to learn that the ignon
ant, profiteering marauders whi
control the lumber industry o
this province exercise an unbrid
eled censorship on the readin
matter perused by loggers in camp
So long as these workers confln
their taste for literature t<
"Snappy Stories" and deteotiv
tales with an occasional douche o
drivel from the "Literary Digest,1
all is well; but let them cast on
side glance in the direction * of i
labor paper and. Immediately the
"hit the trail" for town.
In several camps on the Coasl
it is impossible to send a pape
such as - the Labor Advocat
through the mail. If lt is dellv
ered to the logger in camp he
fired, but if men are scarce
never receives lt. Although th
Post Offlce authorities have bee
complained to they decline t
take any action, resorting to tech
nical excuses.
That such  conditiens   are   pos*
stble at this day and date is almos;
lncreditable, but it is none the les:
true.   These boss loggers, many
whom are mere figureheads grov
elling at the feet of large corporj
ations,  are as prejudiced as the
are  ignorant,  and  that is  sayin
a great deal.   They are as zealou:
in guarding the class ignorance <
the workers who are toiling the
lives away for a pittance in the!
squalid camps ,as ever the Cath
olic Church was in guarding the!
adherents from the    heresies    i
Calvin or Hubs.   For the worke
to protest means to be blacklistei
and driven from the country, an
this in 1925, seven years after th)
"war for. democracy."
I belong to the great church tha
holds the world within Its start
aisles; that claims the great arrl
good of every race and clime; th/
finds with joy the grain of gold
every creed, and finds with lowj
and light the germs of good
every soul.—Ingersoll.
BRISBANE, Australia—A party
of forty Russian white guard refugees arrived in Brisbane from
Brisbane. They said that they
now desired to settle in Australia
as emigration to the United States
and Canada was restricted.
JttOSCOW— (FP)— By 1930 the
manufacture of white lead ls to be
entirely Btopped in Russia, according to a bill introduced by the
people's commissariat of health.
The abolition will be gradual, zinc
being substituted as fast as possible. This is to prevent lead,
poisoning. No lobby of lead manufacturers will flght to keep the
bill from passing.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
76 Hastings East
Late B«h Batt' snd 72nd Batt.
control India.
A social system which so restricts opportunities for employment that thousands gladly accept
a chance to work admidst the
most unhealthy surroundings,
under the most harmful conditions, inevitably produces con-
sumptives   by   the
Send in Your Subscription Today.  Joseph Fels.
-Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watchss Kept in Stock
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail. Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Sta* Drug Store]
^heMaU;Ortler Druggists!'
W. Make a )_iH)J#lili#,#t^
Altar lUoeiP* of Tour Ottor
Corner Cordova and. Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O. Friday, July 24, 1925
Page Seven
Co-Operatives Plan
Joint Action With
British Labor Party
(Federated Press Correspondent.)
LONDON.—Political   aetion   by
.the   co-operative   movement   and
'its  labor   relations  with  its  employees were main topics of discussion at the  67th annual  con-
, gress of the Co-operative Union,
which met at Southport in June. rlved.    Despite our warnings, the
British Miners Wages Menaced f^CT*
Organize Farm Hands
(By A. J. COOK, Secretary Miners'  Federation, Great Britain.)
^THE long-threatened crisis inthe
■*•   mining industry  has now ar-
, A resolution for an alliance between the Co-operative party, and
the Labor party was withdrawn
in favor of one which. directed
negotiations for a definite ar-
' rangement to prevent competition
between the two parties at elections. A scheme for the establishment of joint advisory councils of management and employees was endorsed.      H	
The Co-operative Union represents 1315 societies and a membership exceeding four and a half
millions. Over 2000 British delegates attended and 20 delegates
from other lands, including Russia. Invested capital, membership
and sales all show a marked increase. On the political field the
Co-operative party has five mem
bers in the House of Commons
i and polled an aggregate of 129,-
000 for its 10 candidates at the
last election. In parliament it
works with the Labor party.
British Coal Owners'
Calumny Is Refuted
(British Labor Press Service.)
i LONDON.—So much has been
heard from mine owners and Tory
M.P.'s in praise of the hardworking characteristics of the miners
of every country but their own
that the official figures on the
question may serve to clarify the
. Col. Lane-Fox, the minister of
mines in the present Tory government, admitted in the House
of Commons on June 23 that, despite the longer shifts worked in
.the French and Belgian mines, the
output of the British miner per
, man-shift ls practically double
ihat of their continental competitors.
In Britain the'output per man-
(shift was 18 cwt.; in France,  11
cwt., and in Belgium, 9 1-4 cwt.
capitalist, class, the general public
und the government itself have
refused to take, heed.
Now they will be forced to take
heed. The mine owners have given
notice to end the agreement.
By putting forward proposals
whieh mean drastic reductions of
wages, the mine owners have declared war on every miner in the
British coalfield.
It is well k|Pown that the wages
at the present time are disgraceful. There are over 300,000 miners
who take home £2 per week or
less. The owners' proposals are
to abolish the national minimum
for both the piece-workers and
the lower-paid men.
Tlie Coming Wage Outs
Every miner in the country is
to have his wage cut.
The owners also propose to
abolish the national agreements
altogether and drive the miners
back to district agreements.
The reductions proposed by the
coal owijiers are terrible. Here are
some examples:
Scotland, 47.91 per cent, reduction on basis rates.
Northumberland,   47,40   per
cent, reduction on basis rates.'
Durham, 43.66 per cent, reduction on basis rates.
North Wales, 40.14 per cent,
reduction on basis rates.
Forest  of  Dean,   33.47   per
cent, reduction on. basis rates.
In reality these reductions secure for the* owpers a profit of
.13 per eent. on every £100 after
other costs have been deducted.
Owners Secure
The owners' profits will be secure and guaranteed without any
regard to the wages of the workers.     And   even  the   basis   rates
operating in the various districts
will not be secure.
The owners have seen the hopelessness of pressing forward for
longer hours, although they still
desire the suspension of the sev-
e,n-hour day.
Greatest  Straggle  of  Miners'
It is quite evident that the
miners have to face the greatest
struggle in their existence. Therefore they need the help of the
whole of organized labor in the
fight for a living wage.
I appeal to the general secretary of the Miners' Federation for
the workers in British industry to
sink their differences and to unite
together in the great struggle that
faces them.
We did pot choose this fight.
We have had it forced upon us.
It is the miners' wives and children who will suffer, and it is on
their behalf that I make this appeal, that we may be able to ensure for the men in the mining
industry a living wage.
LONDON.—A great national
campaign among farm warkers in
England and Wales ls being
launched by the General Council of
the British Trade Union Congress.
The campaign, which was authorized at the T. U. Congress at Hull
last September, will be conducted
under the auspices of the Council,
and special assistance will be rendered to the. two Unions catering
for the farm workers—the National Union of Agricultural Workers
and the Workers' Union.
Purpose of Campaign
The   purpose  of  the  campaign
will  be  to  secure  for  the farm
1. A legal minimum wage that
will ensure a proper standard of
2. A guaranteed working week
of 48' hours.
3. That all farm workers shall
be entitled to one half-holiday a
4. That occupiers of tied cottaes
be given the full protection of the
Rent Acts.
BRISTOL—In a letter sent to
[all Trades Councils, Pontypridd
|Trades Council and Labor Party
3irged the formation of Councils
[of Action as the only way to meet
Jthe united front of the employers
Ltn their attack upon the wages of
(the worken.
Similar resolutions have been
passed by a number of other labor
British Workers Prepare
For Big Fight
Two forceful resolutions on the
industrial situation and on unemployment are to be discussed at
the special Trades Union Congress
called for July 24.
The first demands that in order
to forestall the employers' offensive, all trade unions who are preparing or have prepared demands
for submission to the employers
shall unite into an alliance under
the control of the General Council
of the Trades Union Congress.
The alliance shall agree upon a
common policy of action, and take
such steps as may be found necessary to force the employers to concede the demands of each of the
unions affected. In the second resolution on unemployment a demand is made that the Parliamentary Labor Party hold up all business in the house of commons
until the demands of the Joint
Committee of the General Council
and the N.U.W.C.M. are put into
ii nm i ii i"i"H i i in"i"i"i"i"i
Gems From the British |
Labor Press
HENDERS wanted for aupply of 11200
J. worth ot Electrio Lamps, to be sup-
llled to Vaneoaver Sohool Board Stook
loom in case lota aa required. Quote
irlcea aa followa:
00 WaU Nitros,   ^-frosted,  etched V.
60 Watt Tungstens, plain.
40 Watt Tungstens, plain.
25 WaU Tungstens, plain.
, Tendera in sealed envelopes, endoned
''TENDERS   FOR   LAMPS,"   to   be  ln
ands of the secretary by 6 p.m. Uon
ay, 3rd Auguat, 1025.
Secretary School Board.
British Iron Master
Gets Badly Twisted
■ENDERS wanted, 2000 tona Vancou-
_ ver Ialand Ooal) for Vancouver
ichool Board. Quote prices aa follows,
lellvered in bunkers, any school of Van*
louver School Board:
Double acreened lump, per ton.
Slack, per ton.
Tender   to   state   B.T.U.'e   of   Ooal
(noted on.    Ton  to be 2000 lbs.,  and
jupplied to School Board as required by
individuai ordera.
Lowest tender not necessarily accepted.    Tenders,  in  sealed  envelopes,  endorsed   "OOAL TENDERS,"   to  be  ln
bands of the secretary by 5 p.m. lion-
bay, Srd Auguat,  1025.
Seoretary School Board.
(By British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—"Men in the iron and
steel trade have never worked better than at the present time."
This was said by Mr, Charles
Dorman, a director of Mjessrs.
Dorman, & Co., in a speech at
Productive costs, he added, were
only 25 per cent, above the prewar level, and all honor was due
to the men who had brought about
this state of affairs.
BUT ... It was essenlal for the
recovery of trade that costs should
be still further reduced,
A different story with the same
old moral. Now we have two versions of the great wage-slamming
stunt: - •
The workers are not working
hard enough, wages must be cut.
The workers are working harder
than ever; more honor to them,
but less money.
Importation of "Red Plotters" As
Seen By the "Sunday Worker"
"Fresh eggs from Russia are arriving in bigger and bigger quantities. One importer, who haB
made exhaustive tests on the eggs,
says that they are better in quality
than pre-war eggs, besides being
much more plentiful. Their retail
price is ls. to ls. 3d. per dozen.
Jix (British Home Secretary) is
said to suspect that the eggs con
tain embry, Bolshevik plotters."
«   *    ♦
Higher Education in America As
Interpreted hy "British Labor
Press Service"
"An American professor is being
tried for saying that men are descended from monkeys. We understand that prominent monkeys
are agitating for a severe sentence."
♦ ■•••:•
The Babbittization of British Undertakers As Exposed By
"The Sunday Worker"
"The British Undertakers' Association are dissatisfied with their
name, and have decided to call
themselves "Morticians" in the
future. But lt ls not considered
likely that this will   bring   them
more trade."
* •    *
Progress of "Freo Speech" Rights
in Glasgow, As Recorded By
"Lansbury's Weekly"
"Councilor Tom Kerr (Labor),
Glasgow, who pulled Bailie Millar's nose during a council debate,
paid the bailie on May 11, £6 and
costs by agreement."
What   the   Editor   of   "Forward"
(Glasgow)   Figures  Baldwin's
Cabinet Is Composed of.
"Some dummy figures have been
stolen from a London waxworks.
It is rumored that Stanley Baldwin
is about to make changes in his
British Rail Union
Doubles Membership
(British Labor Press Service.)
LONDON.—Membership in the
National Unio,u of Railwaymen
has more than doubled since the
amalgamation in 1913, according
to statistics issued from Unity
House, and the total at the end of
last year stood at 381,605, as compared with 170,000 in 1913.
The N.U.R. attained a maximum
of 481,081 members in 1919, and
the general trade slump of the
last four years caused a loss of
nearly 100,000 members. But last
year the increase in membership
was close upon 20,000, as compared with 1923. /
Assets of the N.U.R. increased
from £476,434 i,p 1913 to £1,742,-
576 at the end of last year. During the year the union lent over
£23,000 to other unions, free of
interest, to assist them in fighting
the  employers.
LONDON—The unions in the engineering trade are to meet the employers ijn the near futuro, with a
view to hearing explanation of the
employers' proposals.
It will be remembered that the
employers' reply to the engineers'
claim for a £1 a week increase, was
to demand the increase of the
working week from 47 hours to 50
and 50% hours, and to reduce the
existing overtime and night shift
rates. If these terms were agreed
to there was to be an increase of
2s. a week, to be paid in two instalments, one when their offer
was accepted and the other six
months later;
DETROIT.— (FP) — You can't
belong to a company union or
other camouflage organization and
hold office of any sort in the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen. This is the
ultimatum of the triennial convention in session in Detroit.
Group insurance is combatted by
the brotherhood in a resolution
imposing expulsiqp from brotherhood benefits for any m amber
helping to promote this scheme to
wean men from union allegiance.
The  Highest  Grade
Pliers on the Market
I will sell direct from factory to you, and, for a limited time only, with each
pair purchased, will give one
extra pair
Vacuum - Grip
Are Forged from
and are
Call and Select Yonr Choice
from 20 Varieties
Open Evenings 7 to 9      ,
325 Rogers Bldg.
470 Granville Street °
TVTEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. C. Telephone Company
It does not matter much what
people do occasionally. It is what
they do habitually that tells.—Dr.
Leonard Williams.
SEALED TENDERS aro invited by tho
South Vancouver School Board (or
the laying of approximately 12,000 squaro
feet of cement sidewalk at the various
South Vancouver Schools. Specifications and all information can bo obtained at tho Board Offices, 4f47 Main
Tenders marked  "Cement Sidewalks"
must be in the hands of tho undersigned
not later than 5 p.m., Tuesday, July 28.
Tho lowest or any  tondor not necessarily accepted.
Pass this copy to your shop-
mats and get him to subscribe.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
sub today.
For a Day's Outing
Horseshoe Bay
Pacific Great Eastern Ry.
(Vis Mo. Vsncouver Oity Ferries)
Leave   North   Vancouver   for   all
stations 6:40 a.m. and then thirty
minutes past  each hour until 8:80
p.m.     Return     from     Whyteeliff
9:25   a.m.   and  25   minutes   past
each hour until 9:25 p.m.
Purchase Tickets at Ferry Wharf
and 533 Oranvllle Street
Return Fares From Vancouver:
Adults 70c; Children 40c
For Further Information Telephone
North Van. SOO      Seymour 0331 ****m>-.
Page Eight
Friday, July 24, 19S|
Portugese Planters
And Traders Enslave
East Africa Natives
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Portugal no longer
exports slaves for sale but Portuguese planters and traders in
Angola, Portuguese East Africa,
hold the natives in peonage worse
than slavery, Edward A. Ross,
University of Wisconsin professor
of sociology, announces in his report on compulsory labor in the
Portuguese colony. The report
was submitted to the league of
nations with a request that the
league's slavery commission interest itself.
R. Neville Cramer, New York
physician, accompanied Ross with
the backings of wealthy Americans, Nineteen villages were visited and nearly 7,000 natives interviewed through interpreters.
Local pastors and teachers were
talked with besides. Everywhere
the workers were ruthlessly driven,
forced to work up to 12 months a
year; flogged and tortured. Women are requisitioned to work on
roads and "if a mother lays a baby-
under a tree and rises from her
work when it cries, she may get
struck for it."
Treatment of Children
Native police are forced to inflict brutal punishment upon their
brother blacks. "Children had to
quit the mission school saying,
"Father has been taken to work
on a plantation, mother and the
older brothers are working on the
roads, so I must stay out of school
to hoe the fields and feed my
little brothers and sisters."
So much of the natives' time and
strength is requisitioned by the
Portuguese masters that the blacks
are no longer able to attend their
own gardens and fields.
"The government provides practically nothing in the way of
schools, medical care, emergency
relief or justice against the white
trader, for the people of the villages, as recompense for the heavy
burden of unrequited toil it lays
upon them. The treatment of natives in Portuguese territory compares so ..unfavorably with that experienced by the natives of Rhodesia or Belgian Congo that there
is a strong- tendency to emigrate
across the frontier," Ross reports.
"Red Plot" Factory Unearthed
American Bosses Wax
Fat on Convict Labor
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—"The exploitation
of convict labor is the most richly
tax-subsidized industry in existence," declares Mrs. Kate Richards
O'Hare in her survey on prison
labor. "The tax payers of the several states provide the funds to
build expensive prison plants. It
ls doubtful lf any state has less
than $1,000,000 invested in prison
plants, and such investments run
up to $10,000,000 in some states."
Mrs. O'Hare quotes the federal
bureau of statistics statement that
9,000 prisoners produced goods
worth $29,000,000 in 1923. Average daily production for each prisoner was $12.50. Contractors paid
the states an average of $1.09 per
day for their labor. Even at nonunion wages these convicts earned
$6 a day, but they actually received
about ltt cents from the state.
"One single prison labor contracting firm, in 1923, produced in
the 17 prison factories it controls
about 16,000,000 work shirts," her
report states. "Other smaller operators combined produced as
many more Shirts, and in addition
millions of overalls, children's play-
suits, underwear and women's
house dresses. All of these millions of garments were sold ln the
open markets in competition with
the goods produced by free labor.
"Ninety per cent of all prisoners
in U. S. penal institutions come
from the working class, and the
great majority from the poorest of
the poor. . . The part that poverty
plays in making them criminals is
just beginning to be realized."
(Federated Press Correspondent.)
T ONDON.—How "evidence" of
Bolshevik intrigues is manufactured has lately received full
exposure ln the London Daily
Herald and in continental papers,
following the arrest of Serge
Druzhelovsky, a refugee Russian,
and the raiding of his forgery
factory in Berlin. He has confessed to 'being the author of the
Bulgarian "Red Letter," which
was used by Premier Zankov as
an excuse for his massacre of
Communists apd Agrarians after
the Sofia cathedral bombing. Half-
finished documents discovered in
his house show he was busy preparing similar evidence for use in
Oermany, Austria, Egypt and the
United States. The latest in preparation was a "secret instruction
from Moscow" to the American
Communists which he offered to
the American embassy for $150.
Why It Wa_. Told
The immediate cause of Druz-
helovsky's arrest was his manufacture of documents purporting
to show that the disastrous railroad accident in the Polish corridor was the work of Communists. The Polish-German committee investigating the disaster
found no facts to support this
contention, which was put forward by the Poles to refute German' claims for damages, except
these forged documents, which
the German authorities eventually
discovered had been manufactured by Druzhelovsky.
The Plot Factory
A whole series of forgeries and
a full plant for the forging of
Red Letters, with dies, rubber
stamps and imitation letterheads,
were found in his rooms. Among
others was one for American consumption, purporting to come
from the Communist International, and giving melodramatic Instructions for the "removal" of
Charlie Warrejp, who had not yet
been blackballed by the senate aB
attorney-general. It also referred
to taking "steps in connection
with Senator Borah," and attempted to implicate him ln some
shady financial dealings. This
priceless document, complete with
all the earmarks of the customary American capitalist red exposures, was never used, as Warren's
appointment failed to come off
and it became out of date.
Faclst Factory ln Liverpool
The forgeries produced by Druzhelovsky are full of clumsy errors,
but that does not seem to have
affected his market. The Zinoviev Letter bore fully as much
evidence of being a forgery as
Druzhelovsky's documents, but
that did not prevent its being used
with telling effect at the English
elections, and only recently the
London Daily Mail has published
as genuine an obviously ridiculous
"instruction from Moscow" referring to revolvers' ammunition,
Mills hand grenades ... to assist
to organize the unemployed Into
a fighting force," which the Daily
Herald has since proved to be a
fabrication of the British Fascisti.
It was typed on a paper somewhat like that used ln the offices
of   the   Communist   International
♦and with a die-stamp authenticating its origin, but this die, it has
been found—a faithful copy of
the Moscow article—was made to
order by a Liverpool firm of engravers for the English Fascisti.
The Busy Bolshles
"Evidence" of Bolshevik intrigue ls still an important factor
in world {politics. Foreign Secretary Chamberlain announces that
he has such evidence in regard
to China; the French that they
have it in regard to the Riff, and
the Bulgars in regard to Austria.
Though < Druzhelovsky has been
arrested and his factory closed,
there are doubtless many others
to carry on the flourishing business.
NEW YORK—(FP)—New York
will soon see the erection of the
five-story model workers' apartment house planned bythe Labor
Home Building Corporation which
is backed by four needle trades
International unions. The building
corporation has secured a loan of
$950,000,000 from the Prudential
Insurance Co. to begin construction of the building which is expected tb give workers better
homes at lower costs.
Subscribe to The Advocate
To Satisfy Our
Customers Is Our
Great Desire
We   stock   Kant   Krak   Rubber
Collars      S6e
Painter's   Bib   Overalls    $1.00
Men's All-Wool White Hand-Knit
Sox     60o
Men's Blue Chambray Shirts 80c
and    »L25
Men's    Khaki    Coveralls,    $2.40,
$2,96 and     $3*25
See   us   for   Running   Shoes   for
men,  women  and children.
Men's   Oxfords in   tan  or  black,
skes_ 6-10.     Special   $».«•?
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boyi'   Fnralatilnfs,
Hats, Boots snd Shoot
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phono Fair, 11
Paint and Panel
Has a Special in Grey,
for $8.85 Per Gallon
for Any Purpose
for   Painting,   Scrubbing   or
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4838 117 Hastings E.
CALE CONTINUES to the end of the month.
■ Many people are taking advantage of our
wonderful offerings.
Think of Stetson Hats, new   Men's Suits, $35.00 values
shapes, for only.... $6.40      for       $26.78
-' $27.50 values for $19.75
$1.00   Irish   Poplin   Ties   Men's  Combination  Over-
for   15o      alls, $3.50 for  $2.45
Lots of Work Goods at Exceptional Values
We Are Still Continuing the Old Stand, 18-20 Oordova St. W.
Socialism is just as true as evolution in the physical or biological
world is true. Its coming may be
accelerated by human intelligence
any sympathy, or it may be retarded by human perversion, but its
eventual advent is as certain as
that the sun will rise tomorrow.
It is the will of God, be it the
voice of the poople or not.—J.
Morrison Davidson.
Bird, Bird & Lefeai
401-408 Metropolitan BnlMUnf
8S7 Hastings St. W., Vancouvor, B.OJ
Telephones: Boymonr 66(6 aad (867 j
It matters less to a man whei
he ls born than where he can liv
—Turkish proverb.
BesT electric washers
Washer has positively the latest and
most approved type of
dolly action used in
any washer. The new
cast aluminum dolly
produces a combination clothes and water
Get a complete washing
outfit. With either wtwh-
er you get your choice of
five, washday articles—all
for the price formerly
asked for , the washer
Electrio Iron Folding Tub Bench
Tub Ceiling Drier
Boiler Olothes Hamper
Basket Tub Drainer
Step-Ladder Ironing Table
$1.00 Down
and the balance to
suit your circumstances. The cost
is nothing compared to m o t h e r's
The "1900"
has the largest capacity of all household washers. Think
of washing 100
pounds of clothes
an hour. Call and
see the wonderful
water action of this
approved washer.
Beatty Bros.
928 Granville St.
521 Columbia Street        New Westminster
Phone 29


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