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The Canadian Labor Advocate Dec 18, 1925

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 J _
SSSftfS
=@t|g (EattaMatt=
Caber AiHrfrat*
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEbERATIONIST
£&$&
Seventeenth Year.   No. 51
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1925      Twenty Pages
5c A COPY
"DEACE on earth and goodwill
towards men" still remains
an empty sophistry for the toiling millions in almost every country. Christinas 1925, like Its late
predecessors, finds the various capitalist nations rent with international trade rivalries, and their
workers suffering under the biting lash of industrial enslavement.
The war which was to usher in
a new era of peace and goodwill
has brought nothing to either victor or vanquished but unprecedented suffering. In victorious Britain
millions of workers, reduced to a
stale of dire poverty, tramp the
streets in a vain search for a job,
and its, to them, concomitant—
bread.
In defeated Germany unemployment is growing daily, and the
workers standard of living has
been reduced to the lowest subsistence minimum. The wealth
thej produce flows into the coffers of Wall Street bankers.
In la* belle France the crash of
the franc and the crumbling of
her financial structure is accompanied by the boom of her canon, as tbe imperialist rulers of
that country wage a merciless war
of aggression on the Moroccan and
Syrian tribesmen. Her sons of
toil are being murdered in the interests  of  "spheres  of  influence".
In Italy the workers have had
the last vestige of freedom torn
from their hands. Their trade unions have been annihilated, and
their co-operatives destroyed. Except for an underground communist publication, no newspapers but
organs of Fascism exist. Dictator
Mussolini reigns supreme.
In all the states created by the
imperialist powers as a buffer
against Bolshevism, a white terror rages, and atrocities are perpetrated upon the workers that
makes the Spanish Inquisition appear like a pink tea party.
In India and China women and
children toil 12 and 14 hours pel-
day for a few cents in order to
add to the treasures of a handful
of British  exploiters.
In Japan the rising tide of working class activity Is meeting with
brutal repression. Japanese imperialists are using the same methods against the organizations of
Labor that tho former rulers of
Russia did.
In the Union of Soviet Republics
alone has any effort been made to
usher in an era of peace, and
they have been able to make a
start beeause that is the land
where  the  workers  rule.
In looking around tho so-called
civilized world of to-day, we flnd
that the poor have been wantonly
robbed by the rich of every blessing of which force and fraud
could possibly deprive them.—J.
Morrison  Davidson.
Christmas in Canada
ANE has but to pick up a copy of any of our daily papers
^ to be reminded of the colossal tasks Labor must accomplish before Christmastide can mean anything but a hollow
mockery to thousands of our class in this country of "Western progress" and "unbounded natural resources." Usually
news of hunger and want is suppressed, but at Christmas time
the most dire cases are heralded abroad in an effort to evoke
the sympathy of the charitable minded; but why hungry children should exist in a country replete with foodstuffs is not
mentioned, and for very good reason, so far as the ruling
class is concerned.
A few short weeks before the day of "goodwill towards
men" we find the editor of The Vancouver Star advocating
thc formation of a "reception party" to drive out of town
the men who have garnered Canada's wheat harvest. To
.him, as to many others of his ilk, "goodwill" is circumscribed
by economic considerations.
What Christmas means to hundreds of these men is
evidenced by the following two newspaper dispatches, culled
from the columns of The Vancouver Province:
"Winnipeg, Nov. 28.—Without work for several months,
and carrying his grief in an empty stomach, was too much
for W. M. Moore. When picked up by a police officer on
one of Winnipeg's principal thoroughfares he was showing
a shirt as the sole protection to his lower limbs. Moore confessed he had sold his pants for thirty cents to get a meal."
"Toronto, Dec. 15.—With one lone penny in his possession, unemployed and despondent, William Jackson, 45, leaped
over the Bloor street bridge to the cement pavement 125 feet
below and met instant death on Sunday. He had been out
of work since returning from harvesting this fall at a farm
near Saskatoon."
But for men such as these Canada's wheat crop would
rot in the fields, and yet so callous and brutal is modern
society that treatment such as this is meted out to them. For
hundreds it is suicide or a three-month term in jail for
vagrancy. An alleged peace on earth for one day, and at
best a precarious existence for 3fi4; and then they have the
brazen effrontery to speak of the "Red Menace" and "Labor
agitators" going around the country causing trouble! Any
organism having the rudiments of a backbone would fight
against conditions such as these.
Nor should we forget that a number of men in the province of Alberta face a term in jail because they had the spirit
to struggle for a living wage. The mine owners may throw
a few cents to give a hungry child a meal, but what of the
thousands who have been impoverished through their greed?
And what of these miners themselves, their wives and families; what must "goodwill towards men" sound like to them?
Labor in Canada, like Labor in all other places, need
look for no aid outside of itself. Our task is plain. We
must so organize and solidify our forces that the ancient
Yuletide festivities mean something more to the impoverished
millions of our class than thc present empty sham. For this
we must and shall work, meantime
©o AU (Bur Ivmb& mb ptinma W-
HxUnb % BmBi-m fertility >,
pHRISTMAS at sea, aboard a
Canadian government vessel,
is pretty much like Christmas in
a workhouse, except that if in the
latter place onc has a chance of
getting something of the seasonal
bounty doled out by u charitable
organization.
The Yuletide season aboard a
C. 6. M. M. ship is one that merits
a description by Dickens. The government providoree evidently believe that there must be proper
stomachs for particular food, and
show this distinction in the victuals
served to the officers and those
given to ordinary members of the
crew.
Here is how the crew of the
"Canadian Miller" fared for their
Christmas dinner In J.324, as told
by a fireman on that vessel:
Leaving Vancouver about December G, we had onr Christmas
dinner at sea. It was a day of all
days. Christmas day aboard a C.
G. M. M, vessel is a day of Examinations, Exclamations, .•tnd chiefly Expectations, the latter, wliich
sorry to report (though not surprised) did not come up to the
mark.
I helped to carry the memorable
Christmas feast from the galley
to tho crew's quarters aft on the
ship. For course No. 1, th-e first
"Peggy", or mess-boy of the Black
Gang, carried the soup, which In
honor of thc festive season had
been christened "Cream of Tomato," but by the time it reached
the men's quarters it had lost its
flavor and resembled green pen
soup more than tomato. Nevertheless it was consumed with gusto
b.v the hungry men before the
other two "I'eggys" appeared on
the scene with Course 2, wliich
purported to be fowl.
Since the two mess-*boys Had
missed their share of the psuedo
"Cream of Tomato" soup, the crow
stood aside to give them flrsl
chance at the fowl, after Which
they helped themselves. Four
members of tha crew who happened to be in the galley washing
their plates, returned to find tho
fowl consumed, and their hopes
of a Christmas dinner very slim.
They protested to the cook on lln
shortness of the crew's Xmas dinner, and were met with the usual
demand: "Whero do you think you
are, at the Hotel Vancouver?" At
that time they averred they would
have been glad to be ashore near
a "coffee and—" emporium, where
at least they would have been able
to buy something In the wny of
a Chistmas dinner.
(In return to tlieir quarters
they found the crew wondering
at the lack ol bones m the fowl,
when one of the "I'eggys" brought
forth a bone the size or which determined lhat the C. (!. M. M.'s
Christmas fowl was nothing less
than pork. Page Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 19251
Canadian Asbestos Campus Mussolini Gets    Polish Govt. Tortures       Employers and Workers   Auto Makers Amass
Companies Form Trust      Quizzed on Militarism    Workers and Peasants    War on Convict Goods Stupendous Pro!
(By Federated Press)
MONTREAL.—The directors of
the various asbestos companies of
Canada have completed plans for
a merger and the price of asbestos has gone up. The consolidation will include all producing
mines in Quebec, except three
controlled by American firms
which produce raw material and
manufacture it into finished articles. The chief promoters of
the merger, Dillon Head & Co.,
New York, have made "a satisfactory arrangement, with the three
independent firms to prevent
dumping surplus products oh the
markets." Quebec furnishes about
80 per cent of the world"s asbestos.
Russian Soviets Plan
To Build More Shops
MOSCOW.—In view of the fact
that we shall soon have arrived
at a point when all existing factories will have been utilized to
the full, it will be .pecessary to
proceed with the construction of
new factories and works in Soviet
Russia. Thus, for example in
Stalingrad a tractor factory will
be built with an annual output of
10,000 tractors; in the Urals a
wagon factory with an annual
production of 5,000 wagons; in
the central industrial district a
factory for textile machines with
an annual output of 6,000 weaving looms. Further, it is planned
to build five large Iron foundries
in the various ore districts and in
the Donetz territory eight new
coal  pits  are   in   preparation.
NEW YORK.—Compulsory military training is not a subject for
students of the College of the City
of New York to think and write
about, President Sidney L. Mezes
rules, and the American Civil Lib-
erlies U^ion is asking why the ban
on student thought. The college
president made his rule against
further articles on compulsory
military training in the student
paper after an overwhelming vote
of students was registered against
the training. Felix Cohen, editor
of The Campus, took the vote
through the paper.
Forrest Bailey inquires for the
American Civil Liberties if Mezes
intends preventing "the student.
paper from publishing articles in
general in which exception is taken
to the attitude of the college
authorities on vital student issues?" He also asks if the college
receives a congressional appropriation for military training and
if this makes the training compulsory.
We should teach our children
nothing which they shall ever
need to unlearn; and we should
strive to transmit to them the
ibest possesslo-ns, the truest thought,
the noblest sentiments of the age
in which we live.—Dr. Felix Adler.
T. U. C. Emphasizes
Need For Solidarity
LONDON:—A cheque for £200
has been received by Mr. W. M.
Citrine, acting Secretary of the
Trades Union Congress, from the
Amalgamated Society of Dyers.
Bleachers, Finishers and Kindred
Trades in aid of the Bombay
Cotton   Mill  strikers.
In an appeal to its members
the Trades Union Congress points
out that any suport given from
this country to the Indian strikers
is not only an act of international
solidarity but also of self-preservation, as the fact of cheap production in India will serve as a
weapon for the employers in this
country in any time of industrial
crisis.
WARSAW. — For mo,nths all
prominent trade unionists, all
White Russian workers and peasants who are under suspicion,
subscribers to the reformist press,
radical bourgeois teachers, are being arrested, thrown into prison
and "examined." How such an
"examination" is carried o,p is
shown in the following descriptions:
"The victims were taken to the
hospital, completely undressed
and taken into a room with carefully covered windows, where several higher police officials awaited them. The first question was
'Are you a Communist?' If the
answer was no, the hands and feet
of the prisoner were fettered, an
iron stick put between the fetters
of the hands and feet, and thus,
in a cowering position, he was
drawn up to the ceiling. In order
to bring baek the consciousness
of fainted victims, salt water mixed with urine was poured into
their throats and glowing pins
pushed under their fingernails.
... If a worker or peasant confessed, however, to be a Communist, then water was pumped
through his nose into his stomach
till he got very big. Then the
policeman sat on it and asked the
tortured who their leaders were
and other questions."
As a supplement to these horrors, it must be mentioned that
among the tortured were old worsen and men, even children, who
had been arrested instead of their
relatives whom the police could
not find.
NEW YORK—The second year's
campaign against convict goods
that the Union Made Garment
Manufacturers' Association is making in connection with the United
Garment Workers' Union begins
with the manufacturers' decision
at the convention just held in New
York to appropriate $75,000 for
the drive.
Kate O'Hare was the original
driving force against convict goods
and the spectacular demonstrations she organized in the labor
movement showed the manufacturers the possibilities before
them in getting rid of. the cheap
convict competition,
It is estimated that 22,641 convicts were producing goods for the
(■pep market in 1923, valued at
about $44,000,000. Of these, about
S,000 were producing clothing of
various kinds valued at more than
$18,000,000—chiefly goods requiring little skill, but the kind of
monotonous application to the
machine that a convict, driven by
threat of punishment can give.
A year of peak profits had
creased the wealth of the owp
of 11 automobile companies!
over $1,000,000,000, according
a survey of the industry by '
Wall Street Journal. This 1
gain in wealth marks the su<I
of the high speed exploitation
workers that characterizes th<l
dustry.
The combined profits of thl
companies for the first 9 moj
of the year amounted to $179,'
209, a gain of more than $100,1]
000 over the same period in ll
And Henry Ford is not in the J
Such profits have increased
market value of the stock fl
just under $900,000,000 a year]
to nearly $2,000,000,000 today..
Ontario Farmers' Co-op.
Has Successful Year
Patronize our advertisers.
What is war? I believe that
half the people who talk about
war have not the slightest idea
what it is. In one short sentence
it may be summed up to be "the
combination and concentration of
all the horrors, atrocities, crimes,
and sufferings" of which human
nature on the globe is capable.
—John Bright
TORONTO.—Showing a net surplus of $60,708.87 for the organization, a statement recently issued here indicates that the Ontario United Fanners' Co-opera-
iv*e Company, of which J. J.
Morrison is secretary-treasurer,
has completed the most successful year since the farmers' movement became a factor in provincial   polities.
A dividend of three per cent,
has been declared, which is considered equivalent to' a dividend
of nine per cent, on the effective capital.
The two most profitable
branches of the organization, according to the annual report, are
the creamery and the egg pool.
Paris Authorities Find!
Small Fascist Arse|
■
PARIS — Thirty-one revol
and three blackjacks belonging
the "King's Peddlers" (Cami
du Roi) were seized by the F
police following- the ai't.ual it}
tion in a gymnasium here.
Lefebvre,   the   manager   of
gymnasium was caught as he
bringing  out  this  small    arsj
He admitted upon being questio
that the bundle contained reii
ers and that he was carrying t
to the office of the newspaper
tion   Franoalse.
The Action Francaise in its
umns declared that it was a p
ate gathering and that the inhere of the association were en
ed to carry arms to protect th'
selves against "assault."
The  scientific  man  seeks til
as a continually developing r\
lation,   and   he   changes   his
look   on  the  world  accordingl
it unfolds itself before his eyij
Professor  Seddy.
Pass this copy to your shopi
and get him to subscribe.
Try Our Service
Jbrcl
See The New Model
FORDS
BEAUTY - COMFORT - UTILITY
WE CORDIALLY INVITE YOU
TO VISIT US
IN OUR NEW HOME
Cor. Seymour & Smythe
VANCOUVER MOTORS, LTD.
Sey. 7700 Sey. 7700
Seasons
Greetings
The British Columbia
Timber & Trading
Co., Limited
VANCOUVER, B. C. today, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Nineteen
paching Profession
Is Poor Money-Getter
WASHINGTON— Measured      by
|-getter" standards of today, the
piling profession is not a "pay-
i business."
study of the cost of prepara-
•for this profession  made by
Iduate    students    in    Columbia
lyersity, and published    in    the
por    Monthly,    issued    by   the
f.ei States bureau of labor stages, shows that this cost is ex-
slve, when measured by money
Urns.
It was found that the average
Penditure for absolutely neees-
|y items connected with securing
['degree of doctor of philosophy
Iges from $7,600 to $8,000, ac-
Iding to the time spent in post-
Iduate work.
fhe average salary, about 18
|rs of teaching and with the
fhest degree in the profession,
ties from about $3,400 in the
ill universities or colleges, to
000 at the most in the large in-
utions.
Tell-tale Pages of History
pitain May Reduce
Civil Servants' Pay
LONDON:—Over 10.000 Civil
Ivants met at the Albert Hall
lently to protest against the
leaitened cuts in wages.
Three overflow meetings were
Id at which another 10,00 were
lsent.
ft   was   declared   that   out   of
k000  Civil  Servants,   half were
Id   less  than   60s.   a  week,   88
f. cent  less  than  £200  a  yeaa-,
only 12 per cent,  more than
la week.
fhe   following    resolution   was
teed    unanimously   condemning
Jl-informed  and  prejudiced  at-
Iks   in   certain   sections   of the
Iss   and   elsewhere   directed   a-
hst the Civil Service staffs and
jr   conditions   of   employment:
^Drawing attention  to  the fact
less   than   50   per   cent,   of
'Civil Service receive full com-
Isation for the rise in the cost
[living:
Pledging    the    Civil     Service
, only  to  resist to  the  utmost
further   attempts   to   depre-
le  the  Civil  Service  standards
f-emuneration, but to prosecute
fill available means the  clajm
Jai reasonable standard  of life
all   those   who    served   the
te."
AUSTRALIAN Labor's first candidates in 1886 were ferociously assailed by the united daily
press. They were badly beaten
at the polls. They were branded
as audacious, loud-mouthed up-
rooters of law and order. They
were treated as politically leprous.
All through the 90's Labor's
leadership was abused and attacked as inimical to society, as "forces of disorder and disruption,"
as everything foul and filthy. To
the end of the nineteenth century
this cyclonic besmirchment and
vilification proceeded.
The twentieth ecntury opened
with all that Labor stood for still
singled out for denunciation and
misrepresentation, even while
much it stood for had been accepted as wise, true and just.
Any study of the evolution of
Labor in Australia reveals that In
every fight with vested interests,
wealth and monopoly, in every
crisis in national affairs, the press
and other predatory pillars of
capitalist society have attempted
to inflame passion and panic
against it.
History has but repeated itself
again and again, as it is today
repeating itself, in the hue and
cry against reform and reformers
marching determinedly onward in
the quest for security and liberty
for the people. And again and
again It has been proved that
Freedom's battle once begun,
Though baffled oft, is ever won,
In the teeth of fearful and
ruthless malice, hatred and all
uncharitableness, Labor's measures and Labor's men have gained
victories, yet never credit for accomplishments (often appropriated by others, with the battle
won)—only abuse for their damned
audacity In pressing forward to
achievement beyond achievement.
If the people as a whole had
longer memories, if the generations which know not Joseph but
read the splendid annals of their
own class and country, if the
press and publicists honored the
truth and dared to tell lt, it
would be understood today from
the borders to the seas that the
unclean thing of scorn and treason Labor is now represented as
—and presented as—is but the
old ,old ghoulish tale dressed up
anew, yet merely sound and fury
signifying nothing other than resistance to progress and the lust
to kill it.
A little work by Prank Anstey
sheds brilliant illumination on
what he terms "the good old
days."   •
The Labor candidates of 1886
stood o,n a policy of anti-sweating
legislation, abolition of plural voting, legislation of eight hours.
They were termed "a festering
sore."
In 1884, Mr. Anstey shows us,
a Royal Commission on working-
class conditions reported, among
other things, that children of
eight and nine years of age were
employed i|n factories; that many
of them had never seen the inside of a school; that these children were worked ten to twelve
hours a day; that hundreds of
young girls were worked ten to
fifteen hours a day; that tailor-
esses worked fourteen to sixteen
hours a day for a bare livelihood;
and that eighteen children were
found working in ope room 11
feet square. But nothing was
done. The "Age" then said: "The
idea of regulating wages by law
is absurd."
There are many heart-rending
disclosures. "In New South Wales,
Inspector Burkett said: " I have
been in this district (Newcastle)
nine years and kipow firms that
have never paid a penny ln
wages. As soon as a girl asks
for wages she is dismissed."
Of the Kanaka trade: "Tlie
blackbirder Daphne (of Melbourne), a 4 8-ton boat, was fitted
up with leg-irons and all the approved appliances of an African
slave dhow. She had 120 men
apd women crammed in her hold.
The space was so insufficient that
it was only possible for a number
to Ue down if the others stood,
and all were very sick from
standing or lying In their accumulated filth,"
At the time one Australian daily
said: "They (the Kanakas) die
from poor feeding, bad water, insanitary houses, and from overwork. . . More than half of the
Kanakas die in Queensland from
horrible diseases. The Kanakas
call it the "Die, Die Country—all
day fourpence."
"For forty years black labor,
accompanied by kidnapping, rape,
piracy, and cold-blooded murders,
went on in Australia without prohibition or punishment. The black
slave traffic in Australia only
came to an end when the Labor
movemeint had become a power in
the land."
In these pages of the past we
find that there is no social advancement in Australia until Labor apears on the shameful scene.
It is brought home forcibly that
the labor legislation ln which the
"Nationalist" newspapers now
glory is due to Labor—gained not
with the aid of the newspapers,
but i|P spite of their brutal onslaughts.
As one reads Anstey's little
work the hair stands on end with
the sickening disclosures of financial swindles, land scandals, briberies, the oppression and exploitation of the workers, and the
tyrannies of sweaters and squatters.
There are hundreds of Trade
Unionists now living who can remember that to be a member of
a Trade Union was to be blacklisted, boycotted, driven from pillar to post in search of a job, victimised, intimidated, half-starved
and jailed.
Says Anstey: "Many of the
younger generation ask, What
have the Labor Party and Unions
done for the workers?"
Well, due to such agencies—
never to be let go—are the standard of subsistence and the pro-
tectiveness of organization and
legislation—even the popularising
of the social legislation the "Nationalists" now promise — that
have made Australia the acclaimed of the world."—Australian
Worker."
Boss Protects Workers'
Eyes Because It Pays
NEW YORK: — (FP) — Workmen's compensation laws make
it bad business for an employer
to let his workers be needlessly
injured, it was brought out at a
joint meetings of the American
Museum of Safety and the National Committee for the Prevention of Blindness.
"I'll be perfectly frank," Harry
Benson, manager of the Pullman
Company factories at Bufialo, told
the convention; "I didn't take
humanitarian motives into consideration in compelling our men
to wear goggles. It was a coldblooded money proposition, for
every time a workman loses an
'eye we lose $3,300."
Fifteen thousand of the blind
persons in America lost their sight
in industry and 7,000 workers in
Pennsylvania lost one eye each
in recent years, speakers brought
out.
No fact about human nature
seems so certain as that our honest convictions of right and wrong
are apt to be largely shaped by
our interests. Slave-owners fervently believed slavery to be
right, but not because they flrst
reasoned it out on abstract
grounds, and then became slaveowners.—M.   R.   Cohen.
If you do not remedy the evils
which produce thieves the rig
orous execution of justice in punishing thieves will be in vain.—
Sir Thomas  Moore,   1480-1535.
Rail Workers Assured
Of Adjustment Boards
WASHINGTON.—Agreement between the chief executives of the
fifteen standard railroad labor organizations and a committee representing the Association of Railway Executives, upon a bill which
will be substituted in Congress for
the Howell-Barkley rail labor bill,
has resulted from three days of
conferences in Washington, following upon months of negotiations.
Train crews, shopment, telegraphers, clerks, trackmen and all
other classes of railroad workers
included in the associated standard unions are to be given representation in boards of adjustment.
The only point left for settlement
when the conferences broke up
was whether chief train dispatchers should be brought under the
provisions of the scheme, or
whether—as the Pennsylvania and
other companies maintained, they
were to be regarded as company
officials.
Thus far no definite answer is
given to the question as to what
shall be the recognition given in
these adjustment boards to the
shopmen's federation, which is
continuing the strike begun in 1922
and to the company union in the
shops, which is a plaything of the
management.
Iviet Russia Plans To
Develop Agriculture
[iOSCOW, U. S. S. R.—The peo-
commissariat for agriculture
| decided to organize during the
economic year    13   factories
30   flax   picking  stations  for
| and hemp and also seed farms
flax  and   hemp  with  nn  aivn
i.OOO dessiatins.    2,600,000 rtib-
I have   been  granted   for  these
jsrprlses.
lhe finance commissariat has
Ii able to satisfy the request of
| Agricultural Bank of the Rus-
Socinlist Federated Soviet
lublic proposes granting 2,000,-
1 rubles for the supply of agri-
■ural machinery and 325,000
les for land distribution,
recording to a plan of the agri-
lural commissariat, 15,600 trac-
1 are to be distributed through-
Ithe Russian Socialist Federat-
poviet Republic in addition to
bnsiderable quantity of tractor
■ssories,
hat    there    are    men    in    all
|itrles who get their living by
and by keeping up the quar-
of nations  is as  shocking as
|s   true;   but   when   those   who
1 concerted  in  the  government
|a country make  it a  study to
discord   and   cultivate   pre-
Bces    between    nations    it   belies   the   more   unpardonable.--
tmas Paine.
I Subscribe to the Advocate.
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Member Tho Federated and British Labor Press Service.
Devoted to the Publication of Local, National and International Labor News
E espouse no particular "ism," but whole-heartedly
support all groups in the Labor Movement that are
struggling against the forees of reaction on behalf of
those who toil. This paper contains more Labor News
than any other paper you can buy.
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Address All Communications and Remittances:
EDITOR LABOR ADVOCATE
1129 Howe Street       ....       Vancouver, B. C.
Soviet Union Buys
Much German Goods
BERLIN—The Union of Soviet
Republics has used up 75,000,000
of the 100000,000 marks of the
German credit extended her 'in
buying agricultural machinery, pig
iron, tons of paper, leather and
pharmaceuticals.
The Union of Socialist Soviet
Republics has purchased 40,000
tons of pig Iron, 10,000 tons of
paper, large quantities of leather,
chemicals, phnrmateutlcal products
and agricultural machinery.
Tho Soviet trade commission
wblch has placed these ordors in
Germany is laying plans for the
purchase of goods to exceed by
many times the amount of credit
that was extended her. The union
needs about 3,000,000,000 rubles
($1,500,00) worth of products and
Germany will get a goodly share of
this trade since she was one of the
first to enter into a commercial
treaty with the union.
The most important lesson In
modern warfare is tho fact that a
knot of men—financiers, profiteers, nnd politicians—can capture
the mind of a nntion, arouse its
passions, and In the name of
patriotism impose a system of
slavery.—John  A.  Hobson.
Let us battle with Fate, and
uproot this sad scheme of things,
which giveth crowns to fools and
fears to the wise. — S. Khuda
Bukesh. Page Twenty
THE CANADIAN L ABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 191
The Management and Staff of
"The LABOR  ADVOCATE"
Unite in Wishing Our Readers
A ilnyful (EIjnHfmaa mb a Ijappg
"Whon your wife gets tired  of cooking,  try Love's"
LOVE'S  CAFE
and GRILL
925 GRANVILLE STREET, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Eat Your Christmas Dinner With Us
"LICT'S  PULL TOGETHER"
BERT LOVE,  .Mannger Telephone Seymour  8133
-**.K-*-*';,Tra?-**j)£*
"Premium" Ham
-FOR-
__-\\
Christmas Dinner
MOTHING more delicious
and satisfying than a
"Premium" Ham for the
Christmas dinner. So delicate is its tender, pink, lean
meat, so succulent its .veil-
browned fat, so amply does
it fill thc platter, that it is.
jusl the thing for the joy-l
ous, generous hospitality of
Christmas time.
A Swift's "Premium"
Ham is the meat favored for
thc Christmas dinner in millions of households.
Swift's "Premium" Ham Is a Made-in-B.C. Product
Swift Canadian Company
Limited
-=
BROOKS-SCANLON-O'BRIEN
COMPANY LIMITED
Horse Shoe Valley and Gordon Pasha Lakes
SOFT OLD GROWTH FIR
and RED CEDAR LOGS
Noted for fine, soft texture, light weight and especially adapted for highest quality finishing material.
Railroad   Logging Operations STILLWATER, B.C.
General Offices:
Standard Bank Building VANCOUVER, B. C.
WORK DRESS SCHOOL
SHOES!    SHOES!    SHOES!
$15,000.00 Worth To Be
LIQUIDATED
IM*M*M>MH.^HiMana..HMMM.l«J'MnaBili^H^MHBaMPMMM^^^
because Robinson & Warren have bought the high-
grade stock of the IMPERIAL SHOE STORE at a
very low rate on the dollar.
EVERY PAIR MUST GO BEFORE CHRISTMAS
and prices will do it—we are giving what wc believe are the
biggest bona fide bargains iu Vancouver today—every pair below
wholesale cost and in many cases at a fraction of thoir replacement value.
PRICES BELOW OOST
lit:   pairs   patent   profile   straps,
Cuban heels, new stage toe, lovely
litters,    $(1.00 values     dJO    AC
:(l pairs only in a beautiful calcium patent strap, stage last: a
beauty; worth $7.00
I'or only	
Hundreds of pairs of kid boudoirs
in all the new  shades,  Tbey sell
for $t,50.
Out they g6 at	
$3.95
95c
MEN—SAVE
iu:l pairs new bals for men, mellow tan and black, balloon toes,
and all $7.50 values      (J» A   OJ-
(17 pairs work shoes, goo.l substantial weight, oil grain, black
or brown, $7 values.     AQ   QC
Out (hey go at    «D«J»OD
liio pairs Christinas slippers for
men, Komcos and li.verc.tts* brown
and blaek kid, Art  QC
A $1.50 value i'or    tt>_-tijO
08  pairs women's brogues, black and mellow lan. full brogue panellings
and  perforations.    You  ean save  $3,110 here. *\iA.  QK
Liquidation price only     tJjT'nOQ
A Complete Range of Children's, Misses' and Boys' Dress and
Heavy Shoes
SHOES BELOW WHOLESALE COST FOR EVERY
MEMBER OF THE FAMILY
Robinson & Warren Ltd.
Liquidating the Stock of IMPERIAL SHOE STORE
1087 GRANVILLE ST.
Directly Opp, Standard Furniture Co, v, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
-■-NDU^IRY--
wkrit, ■****;      __W_-\-\\
nese Workers Defy    Fascisti To Terrorize
vernment Militarists    Groups in Other Lands
Plan To Send Labor        Sonth African Natives
Delegation To Russia       Chained and Starved
IO, Japan—Despite all bar-
Ihrown In fhe path of the
ise workera, they assembled
. a oonvention of the Prole-
Party to lay down a pro-
vmder which they can rally
.panese workers in a strug-
tinst ithe capitalists of Japan
le imperialist powers that
[trenching themselves in the
ast.
of the first acts of the con-
i was the discussion of the
slve measures taken by the
l department of the Interior
t this organization of the
ise workers. The organiza-
is decided to fight the attack
government under its "peade
Vation act."
department of the interior
ss the Proletarian Party be-
of the militant stand ex-
"d ln the following program
d which masses of workers
illy ing:
ational ownership of land,
egal aproval of the privilege
iorkers and farmers are able
rk in their    movement    in
case of strike, the workers
Sally defend themselves from
yers.
inforcement of 8-hour work
tigh taxes on various forms
iltal.
uarajitee of minimum stand-
living for unemployed,
.bolitlon   of   the   house   of
bolition of the peace preser-
act,  under which the de-
>nt of interior has been able
repressive measures against
g class organiaztions.
veformation of   the general
ee bill that the   age    llimt
e reduced to 18 years of age.
Absolute reduction    of    the
md uiavy.
ROME.— Premier Mussolini and
his fascist hordes not satisfied
with the dictatorship over the
workers in Italy are planning to
extend their conrol over Italian
workers In other countries.
In an official communication of
the fascist government to its representatives abroad, it Instructs
these represenatives to open up
clubs where Italian workers will
meet and listen to fascist commands.
All of the Italian ambassadors,
counsuls and ministers are instructed to immediately begin the organization of these fascist groups
in foreign lands. Workers, who are
opposed to the fascist dictatorship
see in this plan a means which the
Italian fascist dictator will use to
stifle the opposition and exposures
of the dictatorship by workers who
escape his rule. These clubs will
undoubtedly be used as a means o
disrupting union meetings and as
committees to terrorize fascist opponents.
SOUTH AFRICA
According to information received from the National Executive of
the South African Association of
Employers' Organiaztions, Johannesburg, in various countries announcements are being made that
South Africa is in want of masons,
engineers, printers' operatives, and
workers of other trades. Workers
who have emigrated to South Africa on the strength of theBe rumors have been exposed o,n arrival
to bitter disappointment, and that
after they have sacrificed all their
money to pay their fares. Immigrants who have had labor contracts before they started have
been informed when they arrived
that-they must accept wages lower
than the standard wages of the
country.
<&t Court Lets
Murderers Go Free
l— — During the recent
about plots to assassinate
icist dictator, Benito Musso-
te trial of the two fascist
'ers, Rossi Pllippeli and
111, for the murder of the
t deputy Matteotti was held,
e two murderers who had
'under the instructions of
ini, were found not guilty
e set free.
r of the Italian papers ex-
the opinion that the "com-
'hlch was "discovered" was
a blind so that the workers
_ would net have their at-
on the trial and also to be
a means to pass more re-
s legislation so that the fas-
lctator   could   have   more
than Caesar ever dreamed
having.
Chile Appeals Against
American Imperialists
' WASHINGTON.—The government of Chile appeals to the league of nations against the refusal of Gen. Pershing, chairman
of the Tacna-Arica plebiscite
commission, to hurry up the election which will determine
whether that disputed region of
nitrate deposits shall belong to
Chile or Peru. By challenging
the supremacy of Washington as
the arbiter of destiny for the western hemisphere, Chile may wreck
the prestige of the United States
in Latin America.
One of the consequences may
be a. financial boycott on Latin
American governments that. up-,
hold Chile. In the past, Chile
has borrowed money in London,
but in recent years many loans
have been floated In Wall Street
Now she needs further loans. That
is the trump card held by Washington. Nevertheless, the state
department does not want the re-
vol to start. Chile might be able
to get along, like Russia, without Wall Street money for a few
years. And in that period she
might create ai strong anti-Washington entente south of the Rio
Grande.
BRAZIL
An Act controlling the press
was passed in 1923. This makes
liable to imprisonment all who
venture the Criticize the government In a newspaper. Under the
provisions of this Act, several
journalists have been arrested
within the lasttwo years, and several papers have been prohibitetd.
For three years the centre of the
country has been subjected to
strict martial law ajid the harshest
political dictatorship. The censor
even goes so far as to open all
postal despatches to - and from
abroad, and tbe privacy of letters
is scandalously outraged.
CHICAGO: — (FP)— Delegates
from unions of carpenters, machinists, painters, printers, needle
trades and others, numbering 22,.
organized into a permanent committee to join in the national
movement for. sending a labor
mission to Investigate conditions
in Russia. Peter Jensen of the
railroad machinists was elected
chairman and T. P. Lewis of the
painters secretary of the committee. It is known as' the Chicago
Committee for a Trade Union
Delegation to Soviet Russia with
its address at 3451 Beach St.
Committees are active In New
York, Detroit, Cleveland, Boston,
Philadelphia and other Centers
where Pres. A. A. Purcell bf the
Intl. Federation of Trade Unions
(Amsterdam) made his appeals
for world trade unity. The British and Russian unions have been
most active in the unity cam
paign.
RUSSIA
Since the beginning of 1824 the
number of members and candidates of the Communist Party of
Russia has increased from 446,089
to 741,117, of whom 339,636 are
candidates or probationary members. Of the total membership, 58
per cent, are manual workers, 25
per cent, are peasants and 17 per
cent, clerical workers, A year ago
there were in the factories only 39
Communists to every 1000 factory
workers.   Today there are 116.
P
r Bill Is Now
many's Richest Man
By Federated Press)
—N.—Win. Hohenzollern,
y no longer be the big
Germany by divine right,
capitalist standards he is
irmany's biggest man, for
urn of all his property,
the Prussian state is re-
to have decided on, firill
lm the richest living Ger-
The ex-kaiser's property is
at $800,000,000. An of-
ui annual income of $300,-
ide by the Prussian gov-
t was curtly refused and
urn of his whole property
ed. Wages of German
average   about   $400   a
Roumanian Peasants
Get Long Jail Terms
BUCHAREST, Roumania — The
secret military tribunal at Kishenev
has pronounced sentences of from
two to twenty years at hard labor
against 85 of the Bessarabian peasants _flid has "acquitted" 200 of
the defendants. These peasants
were tried for their participation
in an uprising against the iron rule
of the Roumanian boyars,
It ls not known as yet what the
fate of the other 200 peasants who
participated in the Tatarbounar
uprising will be. The decisions of
the court are guarded with the utmost secrecy and it ls with utmost
difficulty that any news of the
sentences can be learned.
FRANOE
The National Union of French
Teachers which has a membership
of about 80,000, recently held its
annual congress in Paris. At this
congress it was decided, by 180
votes to 6, to affiliate to the
Frepeh Trade Union Federation.
The idea of solidarity with the
other workers has made great
headway among the 100,000
French teachers, most of whom
have not until now been organized
in trade unions. They will demand
better wages and if refused go on
a protest strike.
Big Business Mocks
Co-operative Effort
WASHINGTON. — Co-operative
activity in marketing and supply,
in' the United States, goes in
waves, and only with these recurrent "bursts of enthusiasm,"
says the report of the committee
on methods of distribution to the
nationwide business mass meeting which took place on Dec. 14
and 16 ln Washington. This report is called a study, and was
drawn up by L. H. D. Weld, of
the commercial research department of Swift and Co., of the
big three meat packers. In general it points to the chain store
and giant commercial houses as
the logical type of modern marketing, and denies that any fundamental change can be made
whereby the middleman will be
eliminated.
"Co-operative marketing," says
Weld, "exists primarily in the field
of agriculture. Pew manufactured
products are marketed co-operatively, except lmtl)er, but many
manufactured products are purchased co-operatively by the farmers. The first great co-operative wave was during the Granger movement of the '70's. In
spite of these ups and downs the
general tendency of the movement
is decidedly upward."
CAPE TOWN, South Africa—
Since the recent revolts by the
native workers in South Africa,
the police service here has tried
to mollify discontent by a greater
display of activity in prosecuting
employers for cruelty to workers.
The result has been illuminating.
Here are two cases, typical
of many that are now .dimly coming to light.
At Eshowe, a European sugar
planter was charged on twenty-
three counts of cruelty to natives
in his employ.
The most terrible stories of
beatings, klckings, imprisonment,
and staravtion were told.
According to the evidence the
overseers were armed with sjamboks (rhinoceros-hide whips) and
kerries (knobbed sticks).
On completion of their daily
tasks the natives were locked up
in cells for the night. All were
dressed im uniforms of sackcloth.
The court room was strewn with
the instruments used by the employer .including chains, padlocks,
sjamboks kerries, handcuffs, and
lashes.
A verdict of guilty on all twenty-
three counts was found, and the
magistrate, remarking that it was
a very bad case, imposed a series
of fines. As it was found that no
wages had been paid to the natives, the employer was ordered to
pay $1100 as wages due.
In a case at Somerset East, a
native waB charged with desertion
(i.e., leaving the farmer for whom
he had no option, as he received
insufficient food.
The magistrate elicited from the
farmer that the rations of the naT
tive and his family of five depend-,
ants was three pounds of mealies
a day, ajpd once a week when
slaughtering took place he wa8
given the pluck and trotters of the
animal, but not the tripe or head.
In addition he received a wage of
8s. a month. He was in debt to
his master to the exten of 24s.
"Do you consider 3 pound of
mealies and nothing else sufficient
food for a family of five?" questioned the magistrate.
"Well," he never complained,"
the farmer replied. The native
was ordered to return to the farm
and work off his debt, and the
master advised to give him a more
adequate allowance of food.
GUATEMALA
On October 19, 1925, the Government of Guatemala and the
Mexican ajnd General Corporation,
Limited, entered into a contract
which permits the Corporation to
bring a maximum of 8,500 natives
of India to Guatemala to work as
laborers on the Corporation's plantations.
tribe to the Advocate.
Labor Union Fined For
Refusing Card To Scab
CLEVELAND—(FP)—A former
unionist has won a $6,000 court
award against Structural Iron
Workers Local 17 based on the
Cleveland union's refusal to recognize him as a union workman.
He had violated union rules and
hod been fined $99# by the local.
A permanent injunction forbidding the union to interfere with
his egorts to obtain work was-also
granted.
CUBA
The Congress of the Anarcho-
syndicalists of the Cuban Trade
Union Movement, which was announced with so much flourish,
has ended in a fiasco. The Conference was* mostly attended by-
unauthorized representatives, and
it broke up in great confusiori.
SPAIN
Because of a scarcity of work in
the Naval shipyards at Ferrol, the
company operating the yards had
to discharge part of the personnel.
This action haa resulted in much
complaint by those affected.
Real Estate Men Try
To Keep Down Wages
MIAMI, Fla.—(FP)— To keep
wages and clerical salaries from
rising above the pre-boom scale,
the Miami realty board, composed
of the principal local land speculators, has prevented a precedent by
arranging to give school teachers
looms below the standard level of
rents . If the board of education
had raised teacher wages to meet
the increased cost of board and
room, other city employes and privately employed workers would
have cited the teachers as an example to follow. So the real estate men put a newly built apartment at the disposal of the school
board at a rent that covers all
carrying charges including Interest
and depreciation. As a result the
realtors lose nothing except the
profit on the rent payments of 40
teachers. They gain the difference
between high rents and low wages
on the rest of the working community.
Men ought to conduct themselves as brothers, one to another.
—Count St. Simon, founder of
French   Socialism.
There is no borough-monger so
corrupted, or office-seeker so
base, or money-grabber so greedy,
that he does not dub himself a
patriot and everyone who differs
from him a traitor to his country,—Joseph   Chamberlain.
Labor Bodies Fight
Against Injunctions
CHICAGO — (FP) — Full steam
ahead is the Instruction given by
the Chicago Federation of Labor
to its officials ln the fight to
sustain the constitutionality of
the injunction limitation law passed by the 1925 Illinois legislature. Judge Denis Sullivan, Chicago's Injunction czar, hod knocked out the statute in a decision a
week earlier and the case goes to
the Illinois supreme court on appeal  early  next year.
Peaceful picketing of an unfair
department store was construed
by Sullivan as contempt of an
injunction issued a year previous
to the passage of tbe law. The
law was Intended by the legislature to prevent the Judicial ban
on peaceful picketing. Sullivan
Imposed fines and Jnll on nine
-members of the Retail Clerks
Union   195.
The Illloois State Foderation of
Labor Is asked by the Chicago
Federation to Join in the campaign to have Sullivan reversed
by the supreme court. Both ter-
erations worked hard to have the
law passed.
It is dreary to be unable to
respect nothing but one's self.—
Fr. Hebbel. Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18
4X SEBVIOE
From
Your
Grocer
Or
Sheliy's
Hello Folks, we've just come bere
To wish you heaps of Christmas Cheer
PUT SOME IN YOUR
LUNCH BOX
and enjoy the punch of "That Wheaty Flavor"
CAKES
COOKIES
MACAROONS
BOLLS
P. BURNS & CO.
Limited
SHAMROCK
BRAND
Hams
Bacon
Sausage
Lard
Butter
^
*<*'
P. BURNS & CO. LTD.
Under the general name of
SHAMROCK BRAND you
will find a complete food
service that carries with it
a sound confidence of
wholesomeness and economy.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Hamsterley Farm
BRAND
Pure Jams, Marmalade
Jellies, Canned Fruits
Canned Vegetables
ICZZ30I
National Canners
Limited
VANCOUVER, B.C.
SUPERIOR
Manufacture
Oar Invariable Standard
ROUGH AND DRESSED FIR LUMBER
DIMENSION, TIMBERS
LATH, MOULDINGS
FINISH
Mixed Cars a Specialty
B. C. Fir & Cedar
Lumber Company, Ltd.
Foot of Laurel St., cor. Sixth Ave., Vancouver, B.C. piday, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
lt»»H.itn».tntmiM
|l*<»ltWtMtW»lg..tllt»»i.tl.»HtMtllt.lt..t..»i.llllM>.lt..tMt.lt»»ltlltlltl.tl.>.».».t..».t,.tt.tW§WtH
i,,9,,tma*>»..%,,»,i»ilti,ene<>e***e>*e*>eite"e>*a>>a>w^
Labors Voice in Literature
in%»aiia**a**»*"*"9»*»*»a«*»*»*»»-+^^^
Rogues and Rebels
By A. T. JACKSON
[MID  the  hurly-burly  of raids
and pr'oseutions for sedition
|fl seditious conspiracy, it is use-
to be reminded that there have
an    governments    before - that
blch Includes Sir William Joyn-
fi-Hicks and   agitations   before
present "Bed Scare."
In their respective days "Purl-
to" "Nonconformist,"    "Quaker,"
Id "Reformer"    have   all   been
pms used to excite the horror of
perfectly ignorant and Thor-
ghly   Comfortable   classes; and
fWmunlst" or "Bolshevik" as a
rm of popular   political   abuse
prely takes its place at the end
a long historical queue, which
jcludes all these with the more
I'dern   "Jacobin,"  "Republican,"
iiartist,"  "Socialist," and "Syn-
l&liit."
Vnd . at each stage it has been
Ivitable that the mere fact of
pir being prosecuted tn the same
lirts should cause those denoted
', these terms to be associated in
i popular Imagination with hlgh-
Jymen, gaol-breakers, murder-
and other "aristocrats" of
ae.
• •   •
WH. W. Postgate has long been
own for his ability to recall and
fcount episodes   .incidents,   and
|-sonalities of past struggles for
litical and social emancipation.
is at his best ln this new voile ln which he gives stories  of
Ills for witchcraft, murder, rob-
By, fraud,   piracy, treason,., and
lition.   Of criminals of the more
Ihodox sort he gives the classics
lack Sheppard, Jonathan Wild,
Jin Thurtell, and Charles Peace,
selection of political trials rolls Titus Oates and the "Popish
ft" scare; the "sedition" of the
erican colonists; the Cato street
Ipspiracy"; and the Chartist infection at Newport in 1839.
* '*    »    »
Jif these nearest to our own
le stand the Chartists; and the
ry of the Newport Insurrection
. its lessons for us today,
ndlgnant at their desertion by
middle-class reformers whom
had helped to win the France In 1830 working-class radi-
rallied under the banner of
Charter and demanded pollti-
[ reforms that would give them
le sort of a say ln the govern-
M. i
(eaceful agitation and petition-
' having failed, the bolder of
were naive enough to take
J bold words bf the middle-class
formers before 1830 as their
pel and began preparations for
armed struggle.
In attempt by the South Wales
[rtists —r mostly miners — to
the town of Newport. ended
L'ailure and the physical-force
ly collapsed.
|s collapse was aided by the
that the relatively few num-
' of the genuine physical-force
were proved to be' well stock-
k-lth police spies, and that the
ire of the Insurrection itself
I ensured by the deliberate
(information given by these at
Eil moments.
he Chartist rising was, tn fact,
loked by the government and
joked deliberately in order to
fte by a premature explosion
excuse for crushing a move-
It which, given time, would
ft proved far too strong to hold
Iheck,
♦ *   »
Lies played a gretater part in
(earlier Incident of the Cato
jet conspiracy ln 1820. The
llr is obscure in its details be-
\e the evidence appears to
been suppressed. But what
ertaln ls thftt the government
of Sidmouth and Castlereagh secured their tenure of office and
the predominance of the oligarchy
ln.whose behalf they ruled by the
systematic creation by their agents
of secret insurrectionary conspiracies which (by means of these
agents) were "discovered" in that
pick of time, and an excuse found
for savage repressions of every
expression of working class discontent.
In the case of Cato street, a government spy, Edwards, persuaded
a group of angry radicals eager
for revenge for Peterloo to entertain the idea of falling fully armed
upon a cabinet dinner and slaugh-
terijngjhose whom they held morally responsible for the "Manchester massacre." When all were
gathered together ready for the
attack—upon a dinner that was
never held—police officers arrived
in force and captured the lot, with
their arsenal of antique weapons.
One policeman was killed ,in the
scuffle.
After the trial, but not until five
men had beep hanged, it became
clear to all that the whole thing
was a "frame up" from beginning
to end.| The cynical Iniquity of the
government roused a storm of fury
among the reformers, and the general public shared the common
hatred for the spies and informers
who had done men to death tin
this dastardly fashion.
The spies went everywhere in
terror of assassination—and in
time the panic begotten by the
first "exposure" of the conspiracy
turned into a hurricane of hatred
for Sidmouth, Castlereagh, and all
his works.
The reformers rallied In good
number round the gallows on the
day of the execution of the Cato
street conspirators, and tried by
repeated cries of "murder" to
shame the authorities into a reprieve. They failed. Two years
later when Castlereagh's body was
being borne to Westminster Abbey
—after he had obliged his enemies
by cutting his own throat—an immense crowd greeted the coffin
with roars and roars of frantic
cheering.
*    •    »
That mem should want to fight
for freedom is natural. That governments should defend themselves is natural. Is it natural and
inevitable that they should employ
spies to create the "plots" they
wish to suppress?
It is always useful, it seems, to
terrify the opposition, and a big
prosecution seems inseparable
from any political advance.
Review of "Murder, Piracy, nnd
Treason; A Selection of Notable
English   Trials"   By   Raymond
Postgate.    (J.    Cape,    London,
.$2.50).
Freedom From Servitude
TVTO man is in any sense free,
* either in politics, religion, or
science, as long as he is enforced
dependence upon some other main
for the opportunity to earn his
livelihood. No individual or political rights are secured without
security and equality of economic
opportunity. Equality before law
and institutions must be based
upon equality of opportunity and
access to the resources which Nature, our common mother, gave to
all people ln common. If the state
permits a few men to own the
earth, then these few own the
rights, liberties, and well-being 3f
the people who must live upon the
earth,*—Professor Q. D. Herron.
Say you saw lt advertised ln the
"Advocate".
Labor Urged to Fight
for Legal Recognition
By ESTHER LOWELL
(Federated Press)
>T*HE fight of the United Mine
•** Workers against Judge McClip-
tock's decision in West Virginia,
that the union is illegal,* is an illustration of American labor's
need, for more substantial legal recognition than the Clayton Act affords. That American trade unions
exist by force of necessity and by
grace of social acceptance, not by
legal pronouncement is brought
out by Solomon Blum in his careful analysis of Labor Economics
(Henry Holt & Co., New York,
$3.50).
Judge McClintock ruled in
granting an injunction to West
Virginia bituminous coal operators that the union had operated
since 1898 in violation of the
Sherman anti-trust act and was
therefore not entitled to the protection the Clayon Act is supposed
to give trade unions. The case illustrates Blum's comment on the
Clayton Act, which the American
Federation of Labor hoped would
put trade unions beyond danger of
the "combination in restraint of
trade" theory. Blum says: "Never
has a more futile legislative gesture been made nor have higher
hopes been wrecked by judicial interpretation. . . . Since the passage of the Clayton Act, the courts
have in reality become the legislators."
From Blum's study it is evident
that American unions may yet face
more severe trials for alleged illegal conspiracy and suffer more
crushing blows from American
courts. A current writer warns
British unions that they may find
their whole legal basis suddenly
swept from under them and British labor has the Trade Union Act
of 1913 definitely establishing the
legality of trade unions. Blum
shows how the unions, British and
American, have developed in spite
of prosecutions for illegality and
he gives some indication .of what
unions in this country are forced
to do regardless of their flimsy
legal acceptance. The injunctions
issued against unions make them
virtually illegal and yet unions
continue their activities in some
form despite them, as the West
Virginia miners can well testify.
Because the worker is inseparable from his labor power, which
is sold in the market, Blum sees
Labor Economics a distant field
from business economics. He
makes a thoughtful study of forces
operating in our economic life: private enterprise motivated by profits; and "the purposeful activity
of society in modifying or annihilating private enterprise" through
the labor movement from conservative to radical groups . He examines more fairly than most economists the theories and practices of the labor movement ln Its
broadest and .narrowest aspecls
and gives observations well worth
the attention of all students of the
movement and of those actively
working in the movem'ent.
Blum holds his place as professor of labor economics in the university of California between the
extremes of a well-developed
School of Commerce, training
youth for big business nnd dollar
diplomacy, and an equally well-
developed Social Service Training
School which has a virtual monopoly on all state and municipal as
well as charity social welfare jobs
in California. Blum somehow retains his equanimity between these
opposltes and succeeds in letting
considerable light into the heads
of the less dense of his students.
Labor can count him as one of its
friends, though he will not be uncritical as a friend.
Purges for the Highbrow
By CHAS. ASHLEIGH
Review of "Literature and Revolution," By Leon Trotsky).
A  FAIR amount of sardonic am- Also, lt may be'   that the- un-
usement   may   be   extracted trained,    militant,    and    un-seir-
from the perusal of the reviews of conscious village and factory cor-
this book, which have appeared ln respondents are the precursors of
the capitalist papers.    The bour- a new-form of expression, rather
geois critics, for the most    part, than the groups   of   "proletarian
dismiss the substantial portions of poets."
the book which are devoted to a Trosky deals searchingly with
materialist examination of litera- other tendencies in Russian literature and to the formulation of a ture: the Serapion Fraternity, the
Marxian criticism. They seize with Neo-Classiclsts, the "Fellow-Trav-
pathetlc eagerness upon those sen- ellers," and with the Marxian
tepees where Trotsky treats of the scalpel lays bare the bourgeois
style of an individual author. nerves beneath the aesthetic cuti-
That they can understand! If cle- Hls examination of Russian
Trotsky says Jones is ungramma- Futuris»n •* a splendid piece of^
tical, or that Smith's -rhythms are crltica- analysis, so adroitly does
poignant, how avidly the critics he show us that the revolt of the
seek the opportunity to quote his ^turists was the rebellion of Bo-
remarks, quite approvingly, In or- hemians, whose *$rt-forms were
der to show that they are tolerant not yet recognized by bourgeoise
enough to recognize critical per- soolety. and who were caught by
ception .even in a Bolshevik. the Revolution while their   creed
But the more sensible ones have was stiu unpopular, thus rendering
ignored the trenchant and ilium- ll comparatively easy for them to
inating statement of the Marxian hariness themselves to the Revolfl-
viewpoint; they have   ignored   it tlon-
because they can neither    under- The origins of Futurism were in
stand it, nor counter It.   The few the Bohemian cabaret rather than
who have tried to do so have provided us with a more genial entertainment   than   we   usually   gain
from their placid columns.
This is the first considerable attempt to apply the Marxian criterion to the post-Revolutionary art
in the factory or the working-class
tenement.
In this book we now possess an
essay in the application of Marxism to the consideration of the
arts. It should do much to clarify
this question, and to instruct
of Russia—a"t least, the first at- tn0Se a-ue*^*t Persons who maintain
empt which has been translated tnat' while the analytical method
into English. And it is very badly of Marxism may be applied to so-
needed, ciology, to political history, and to
It was probably also badly need- morals' art is esoterlcally above
ed in Russia. For Trotsky here and beyond the conditions which
tackles the question of proletarian m°dify -all other social phenomena,
art with skill and courage, and he A word of commendation must
shows us that there can be no pro- be added for the translation. It is
letarlan art. refreshing to have an English ren-
For the rule of the proletariat derlns whloh really gives us Trot-
is different from the rule of any sky's muscular; but flexible style,
preceding master-classes in his- and whlch avoids these cumbrous
tory. It seeks, not to perpetuate carelessness in translation which
its rule, but to end it. It recog- sP°1Is us for so much o£ the wrlt"
nizes that its domination is but a lngs o£ the Rusians. "Sunday
transitional, necessary prelude to a Worker."
classless society; and, ln the ten,
twenty, or thirty years of its reign,
its efforts are all directed to its
own abolition.
Duripg that short period, then,
British Rule in India
By ESTHER LOWELL
(Federated Press)
says   Trotsky,   its   manifestations COME of    New York's    workers
are principally political; its atmos- may    have    housing    troubles
phere is that of the bivouac.   And comparable    with    the    wretched
under such conditions the chances conditions of workers in Bombay,
for a proletarian art to develop, as India, but certainly the proportion
feudal or bourgeois art developed, of sufferers is far greater in the
throughout the centuries    of
creasingly   solidifying   feudal
in-   Indian  city.    I have seen Italian
or  and Greek tenement districts    in
capitalist    dominance,    are    non-   New York where the filth ls piled
existent. Socialist art—the art and   over a foot deep in the streets with
literature of the Communist classless community—is another matter, and is distinct from proletarian art, As to what that art will
be we can have no conception, or,
lf we have a conception, it is valueless speculation.
Undoubtedly there will be a
growth, the fertility and quality of
which will exceed all previous periods, but we" cannot foresee Its
characteristics.
Trotsky's arguments will undoubtedly inflame   the    members
little children playing in it. But
A. R. Bennett-Hurst tells ln Labor
and Housing in Bombay (P. S.
King & Son, Ltd., London, 10s. 6d.)
of equally foul streets that are
narrow alleys between the chawls,
or tenements of Bombay workers,
ers.
Four persons to a room ls average in Bombay and sometimes
there are six families in one 10x12
room. Numbers of the workers
live in huts made of the sides of
B-gallon  oil  tins.    Others  live  ln
of the "Kusmitza"   (Forge)  group   corrugated iron sheds built by tlie
of proletarian poets, the Revolutionary Futurists, the Proletcult
Group, and others; but his reason-
Bombay Improvement Trust,
which is attempting to alleviate
crowding in unsanitary tenements
ing appears unassailable.   Not that  and is building new chawls.    High
he denies that the proletarian
groups may eventually contribute
something of value towards the revolutionary literature of the future.
But that remains to be seen. In
rate of sickness and death follow
for Bombay workers. The infant
death rate was 667 per 1000, the
highest in the world, for 1921. The
English author mentions that Indian working mothers feed    their
the  meantime,   says Trotsky,   the  infants opium pills to keep them
main cultural task of the proletarian dictatorship is not the canonization by the Russian Communist Party of this or that small and
quiet while they go out to work.
Ballendra N. Ghose, Hindu political exile in charge of Friends of
Freedom  for India    organlaztion,
Subscribe to the Advocate.
somewhat self-centred and limited says that he has himself seen Brit-
group, claiming to represent "real" ish government agents direct ig-
proletarian art, but the immense norant Indian working mothers to
preliminary labor of liquidating give their babies the dopey white
illiteracy. opium pills.
?*•_
IP
-Ci': Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 193
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Dawes* Plan Fails To
Improve German Trade
Notes From the Camps
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
T AST Friday's issue of the Van- Government boats that they would
couver Star in a front page not need to call at the mission,
article under the heading of "Can- When the S. S. Canadian Volun-
adians Go To Sea," states that teer aame round from the East
two reporters worked their passage Coast to operate on this Coast,
from the port of Montreal on the the C. G. M. M. tried to operate
S. S. Canadian Planter, and re- the boat with less men than was
port that the conditions were good, on the ship on the East Coast,
and better than working ashore. Some of those that went out on the
.We are positively certain that the boat for two trips were from the
reporters must have had creden- Seamen's Institute. The Seamen's
tials while they were on board, and Saturday Night Tea Gardens,
that the C. G. M. M. would do Mr. Louis Hooper the guardian
their best to show the reporters a at the Seamen's Institute evident-
good time as far as work and ly suplied the seamen for the ben-
food was concerned. It would be efit of the Daily Star photograph-
interesting to the reporters from er. We might mention that he
Montreal to know that a crew had should have been more careful to
to do without food for nearly ten see that the proper nationality of
days and go-without the usual sup- the victims were put under each
ply of rations on the S. S. Cana- photograph. One of them is listed
dian Importer and many others as a German who is really Irish
of the C. G. M. M. fleet. Men have and another blow to the "brawny
been imprisoned with regularity Scots," is, that one of their tribe
for fighting for better food, etc. is called a Dutchman. Probably
The reporters evidently must have the same reporter has been to the
been treated extra good, henee the institute that made a passage on
squawk, boosting the C. G. M. M. the Canadian Planter, and put in
Since the Canadian Government a glowing false report regarding
Merchant Marine have been run- the conditions on the Canadian
ning ships on the Coast of British Government Merchant Marine
Columbia, they have lowered the ships,
wages of theyseamen and the con- Mall List
ditions are abominable. No over- Bell, A.; Bates, H.; Crocker, L.,
time and an eight hour day is Christmas parcels; Flynn, M.;
unknown with the exception of the Henderson, C.J Hannah, T.; Ham-
firemen and oilers, who have to mil,* B.; Jones, N.; Knox, A.; Mac-
work overtime without pay and kay, J.; Matthews, R.; McDonald,
very often threatened that if they J.; Odgen, A.; Starr, J.; Warren,
do  not  do  it  that  they  will   be S.; Worrall, W.
put in jail  for refusing duty.	
A boost was given to the port Hospital Notes
by the statement that there ,were Three members of the S. S.
all kinds of seamen ready to man Wairuna are still at St. Pauls Hots-
a ship at a moments notice. This pttal getting treatment. The ship
is a little reminder from Mr. Hoop- has left for New Zealand, and when
er, who is the authority down in the men are well they will be re-
the Gospel Institute on Seaton St. turned to their home. Something
Probably that individual will be different from the tactics of the
looking for another tag day to c. G. M. M. who very often take
build larger premises for the sea- men from Vancouver and pay them
men, hence his report of so many 0u at Montreal, leaving them to
seamen flocking to the Seamen's shift for themselves.
Institute, where many of the Three members of the organiza-
strike breakers came from when tion shipped on the S. S. Wairuna
the seamen were trying to get bet- and expect to be returned to Van-
ter conditions aboard the C.G.M..M. C0Uver at the expense of the New
vessels in 1923. We certainly Zealand Steamship Company,
know a few who were told that if James Kennedy, who shipped on
they  did< not  go   in   any   of  the  the S. S. Waitemata on Sept. 28th,
returned last week on the S. S.
Niagara, and had all his expenses
paid, including his wages, until
the arrival of the S. S. Niagara at
Vancouver. Conditions that have
been obtained by the Federated
Seamen's Union of New Zealand,
and which the Federated Seafarers' Union will always strive to
maintain, by shipping nothing but
Union men. We heard that the
Delegate of another Union, presented men to go on the S. S. Wairuna, but the men were not able
to satisfy the delegate aboard the
ship that they were union men.
Therefore the men from the Federated Seafarers Union were given
the jobs.
BERLIN.—The Dawes plan is rpHE lumber interests are still
'saving Germany". Thousands of J- carping about "safety meas-
jobless men and women tramp the u,.e3" to reduce the number of
streets of Berlin and other Ger- accidents in the woods. This is
man cities looking for work. Soup not done with any idea of mak-
kitchens for the long lines of ing the work less dangerous, but
pauperized workers are set up in purely to reduce the cost to the
the working class districts. Pros- lumbermen themselves. The
titution flaunts lnsistant invita- amount they have to pay for
tion everywhere. A tidal wave compensation assessments is
of bankruptcies is beginning. This troubling them, and they desire
is the 'stabilization of capitalism" to have it reduced,
resulting from the Dawes plan. It is not safety appliances that
During November a new high is required in the woods, but rath-
record of bankruptcies was made er an ending of the present speed-
the figure being 2,158. An esti- ing up methods, where the workmate of twice that number is ers are not given sufficient time
made of. those settled out of court, to get out of the way of dan-
More than 5,400 drafts were pro- ger. That of course is something
tested during November, No less the lumber interests are not like-
than 60 per cent, of all com- ly to make any change in be-
panies announce no dividends at cause it will not pay.
the  close   of  the   year's  business *    *    •
and many are shutting down, From Seattle comes word that
even the great firms like Krupp, the lumber industry is back in
Thyssen- and Mannesmann are the same position it occupied this
shutting down part of their works, time last year—an overproduction
The official or registered uh- of logs,
employed figure is going away up. Statistics show that hew fousl-
up. It stands now at 500,000. ness is away below production,
The estimated unemployed is and that shipments are below new
twice the registration figure, of business. This means thajt once
1,000,000, with at least 2,000,000 again the working logger has
working   only  part  time. worked himself out of a job, and
The merchant class faces disas- that whether the winter be a
ter in the Christmas trade, only "green" or a "white" one he will
the cheapest lines being saleable have to endure a period of en-
and only the small genuine up- forced idleness. The lumber in-
per class in the market for cost- dustry has worked to capacity
ly purchases. The poor cannot for about six months this year,
buy. The middle class buy little which serves to show the extent
and cheap, the middle class be- to which this occupation is de-
ing slowly reduced to the same veloped beyond present needs,
economic level as the proletariat: *    •    *
  The   Mountain   lumbermen   in-
Anti.F.vnliitinniete tend concentrating this winter up-
Anu-ttvorauomsts on efforts t0 reduce th6 cost of
On Another CrUSade logging,   and   are   busy   collecting
'Our Own Bran.
BUTTE
A Canadian product with
national reputation for ui
failing quality.
SPECIAL QUALITY
CMjCAIT. I
"Our Own Brand" Butter!
sold in the carton illustrated^
A delicious, salted butter, afl
ways fresh at yout grocers.j
We churn daily,
STANDARD QUALITY
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEOd tnd
BOB KRAU8E
Ut*  8«h  Batt sad  7tnd Batt.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
  data   to   enable   them   to   intro-
NEW TORK: — George H. duce more efficient methods.
Washburn, Boston millionaire and Reports from this section of
friend of the late William Jenn- the country are to the effect that
ings Bryan, led the advance guard men are a drug on the market
of his "B(ble Crusaders" into and that wages are about $2.50
Tampa, Florida, Monday, Novem- per day, with $1.20 deducted for
ber 23rd, to begin a campaign board. Apparently it will matter
"to seek legislation curbing the little whether the lumbermen are
teaching of the evolution theory successful in introducing effieien-
on the ground it undermines faith cy measures. The cost of labor
in the Bible." .*- will   be   so   low   that   they   can
Mr.     Washburn    has    donated afford to carry on  in  a hit and
$100,000 to the campaign and as- miss fashion,
serts that he  will  give  as  much .  *    *    *
more if it is needed. The "Cru- Eastern lumbermen are report-
sade" will moje over Florida in ed to be up in arms against the
ten days and then proceed north, flood of B. C. lumber that is
It hopes to gather momentum as entering the Eastern Canadian
it goes. In Washington a nation- markets, and are demanding that
al headquarters will be estab- they be protected against this
lished. .       competition.    Mass production on
Evangelism, radio and a new the Pacific Coast has so reduced
magazine, "Crusader's Champion," the selling price of lumber that
will be the instruments of pro- Eastern firms can not compete
paganda. against it,  and  still  the  lumber-
The"crusade" is an early move men in the West claim that they
in the coming legislative sessions, are unable to pay a higher rate
Organization   of   forces   in   Ken- of   wages.
tucky,   where the  American  Civil 	
Liberties   Union   has   been   asked  American Legion Hired
5 °r ^nr =,ens T°Break Mce strike
|practically    complete.   Announce- LA  GRANGE,   111.—Twenty-five
ment   that   an  anti-evolution   bill members of the  La Grange  post
will   be   offered   in   Congress   has of  the American legion  acted  as
been   made   by   several   represen- strikebreakers when the police of
This   butter,   although  nol
the high quality of "Ou
Own Brand," is a good "
ter, and sells for less.
Central Creamer*
of B.C. Limited
81-85 Gore Avenue
Phone Seymour 7222
tatives.
Wilson's Protege Hired
this   Chicago  suburb   walked   out
on  strike  in   protest  against^he'
forced  resignation  of their  chief.
"The  American   legion ' has  re-
To Fight Seamen's Act sp°nded noWyin this criBis*" vllr
  lage   trustee  W.   M. • Galvin   said
in lauding the successful strikebreakers. "Within a few minutes
after part of the police force
force quit we had legionnaires
patrolling the streets."
BRUCE'S)
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid!
values. Regular prices]
$22.50 to $42.50, now-W
$15 to $37.65
C. D. BRUCE
Limited j
Oor. Homer and Hastings St.f
VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
'The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Speolal Effort to Get Gooda Ont by Fint Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Oorner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
(By Federated Press)
CLEVELAND.—Newton Baker,
one of Woodrow Wilson's cabinet
members has been hired by the
Lake Carrier's Assn. a steel trust
subsidiary, to fight the seamen's
act in congress. Baker will try
to kill provisions for manning
boats with trained seamen and
making the three-watch system
compulsory. The Lake Carriers
want permission to use green college boys during the height of
the season and to institute the
12-hour day. Baker was secretary of war while 500 military
objectors were subjected to brutality and inhuman punishment
in army prisons during the war
for democracy.
Who   Is   BILL   HUNGERFORD I
Ask Any Labor Man.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SETMOUB STUBBS
Housekeeping  and  Transient
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New Management
••Bill" Hnngerford and M. Cambridge, Props.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTOR*
■tnlok ierrtce fer Bepairi
All Wort OwiMtMd
Ireelal AttaMon to Mall Orders]
H. Harvey
lataUliket ta Taaerarer ta 1IITI
m oordova fnt-snr w.|
______________________________ \
rtiday, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
(!& Cotttttr^ Kate Hwb
|^SH CABINET'S SCAB ?LOT Try To Recruit Bus
i_bji[—. lie government has way  traffic  inspectors  and  assis- Workei'S tor Scabs
'now perfected its secret strike-  tants,  road  trafflc  inspecting and -. _
caking   machinery.                         control   staffs,   numerous   officials LONDON:—A  leaflet  has  been
[iiist June, the-tory cabinot de*- **• connection with  food  supplies, distributed among ithe conductors
ded to form i skeleton  ogran- an^   *>'  on'   A11   tnese    Persons and  drivers of the London  Gen-
iiUbn   whicli   was   to   maintain have been already appointed, but eral   Omnibus   Company,   inviting
Jh supply of food and other ne- :tne whole affair is essentially an them to become members of the
lesities in case of "national cm-  "underground"     movement,     and j, G. 0. Co. Division of the Mot-
Tgency" which, of course, is the w'11 on'y De brbugh to light wheri ropoiitah   Special  Constabulary.
tneyed  tory  term  for  a strike. h ls operated. The   a|ppeal   is   sighed   by   one
/•This was the  extension  of  tne      Besiidep thesei anonymous knights H.  Lansdown,   Comrmahdant,  who
l-actice,  used  by previous go.er- °* oapatalism, the various govern- states that the object  is to hold
nents,'   of    appointing    a    C'vil m6nt departments throughout the parades   and   drill   competitions.
jimmissioner,   whdse* businessI is country   are   also   placed   at   the Ail those enrolling tot three years
maintain the necessary organ- disposal   of  the   district   commls- get  a  uniform  and   equipment.
_.hon  in working order.   Under doners* "Equipment,"      we      presume.
Je present'gttyprriment,;^ir AVil-      K will be i-em-einbered that the means  the   bludgeon   with  which
lam Mltofeell/Thomsbn, the Post- Fas°istl in Italy nave  inaugrated the driver or conductor who joihs
Vaster General,- occupies this pos- «• system of.halving provincial and will   be   expected   to   smash   the
city   dtctatdrs,   dr   commissioners, heads   of   his   fellow   drivers  or
'"" ,    „   „u   oi_. m.in_>™  atPPOihted by the  central govern-  conductors if there is a transport
(I„ a recent speech, Sir William ^^   whQ  ^  supreme   pww ^^
pjnson-Hicks,    Home    Secretary, ^ ^^ regpeoHve Iocalitles.   This     clauge 6 o( the ,eaf]et ,s spec.
f aTL     v    .{    I  X.i .      intl^^ secret   organization   of   the   tory lally   interesting.     It   says:     "It
lodlaiher .to, the Fasqists   stated.   government   resemWes    thiSi    es_ ought to be Amnc      understood
I ne government organization for    ^^ ^  .^ dlctatoria, powers ^ ft memha_ q( the.Reserve is
Maintaining. th« supplies   of  this  Qf ^ ^^ colnmIssionere. under no  oMigatIOn to  do pollcg
nuntry is In  existence to-day in      Another   lnterestIng   queBtlon_ duty  exccpt  aM(1  „„„,  „,„  Cam.
leery corner of the land. which we believe the government mlssioner of Police declares that
In  the   house   of  commons  on wlu   not   hagten   t0   answer—is:  an emergency has arisen in which
hursday the Home Secretary was  „how  many of thp  district  com- the   services   of   this   support   to
f)rced    by   Labour   questions   to missionera) and other subordinate the   regular   police   are   required
e--eal   that   communications,   en-  offals, are also members of the for the  preservation  of  law and
(losed   in   double   envelopes   and  0> M  g?„ order."
Parked   "secret,"   had   been   aent      Disquieting rumours are current	
town   clerks,  inviting  appliea-  In  Labour  cycles  that,   in  many _- ,,
lions    to    the    organization.    He cageSi the anti„st-.*ik*e organization  Marauding 01 Royalty
Ilso   admitted   some   government  of   the   government   is   identical
Ifflclals were engaged as full-time wlth    the    organiZation    of    the
Irganizers in the work,  besides a 0   M  g . BXid also that a number
l.mler of volunteers. ot  the o0fflei£tls   of   this   skeleton
lt is now stated that the coun-  organization are allso members of
ty   has   been   divided   into   ten the  Fascist*!.
listrlcts.    Over  each district pre-      Labour should deimand to know
des a district civil commissioner,  all   the   facts   about   this   secret
Ihese -ten   district  commissioners conspiracy of the government ag-
jre   directly   subordinate   to   the  ainst   the   unions.    A   secret   or-
Ivil   commissioner.   The   district ganization has been formed, with
bmttiissiloners   have   almost   un-  its agents and officials, in all parts
Imlted powers   for taking drastic of   the   country.   It   is   a   secret
._ tion in  oase of strikes. government   blacklegglng -society,
i These     district
Eive under them a host of other   bers  of  the   0.   M.   S.   and   other
shadow"  officials,  ready  to  take  Fascist   bodies,
peir posts as soon as the "emer-      Lalbour   must   be   vigilant   and
Incy" arises.' These include rail-  prepare.
Disliked By Farmers
LONDON:—Two Buckinghamshire farmers seeim to have successfully scandalized their bucolic
neighbors by protesting against
the Whaddon Chase Hunt entering a particular field for the third
time.
The Prince of Wales happened
to be among the "followers," and
the aggrieved farmers have apparently had to explain that their
iperial
To Convert Indians        Mutual Co-operation
*   , , , .   , , ,  , objection   to   having   their   crops
commissioners and is probably manned by mem- -. ,__,,,,
spoiled by a lot. of idlers was not
.intended   as   an    "insult"   to   his
Royal Highness.
The    Ministry    of    Agriculture,
which is always to the  fore with
"  suggestions    for    guarding    crops
Bombs Used- Alliance CallS Por against  leather-jackets  and  other
insect pests, might try its hand
at dealing with the ravages of
the pink-coats, who, it is reckon-
(LONDON:—The news of 54- LONDON—One of the new edi cost the country something
Itys'   bombing   campaign   against clauses in the final  draft of the Uke £40,000,000  a  year.
Iidian frontier tribes, at the be- constitution  of the Industrial Al-     ■ 	
Inning   of   this   year,   has   just nance, which was officially Issued , _ .
pme   to    light,    in   an   account 0n November 13, is as follows:        British -LOmmUMStS XO
pblished   by   the   "London   Ga-      "To   create   through   a   Trade Redouble Activities
fctte." Union alliance a means of mutual     „._^__   . ,_,,,_,
lThis example of the noble way support. and to assist any or all LONDON-In  a  manifesto  issued
. which  our betters are bearing of   the   allied   organizations    (a)   by.   the   Ceutral   Executive   Com-
fce   "White   Man's  Burden,"   and to   defend   tours   of   labour   ahd  m,ttee   of   the   Communist   Party
rrying to the heathen the bless- wagea standards;   (b)   to promote  of   6reat   Britaln   Allowing   the.
gs of Christianity, is best shown or  to  defend  any  vital   principle sentencing of twelve Commoumsts
,   quoting from the despatch  of 0f   an   industrial   character,   and ln     0I<*   Ba"ey'"   /het   ^mmittee
Lr Vice-Marshal Sir Edward Ell- take such steps for mutual co-op-  states tnat the ™V***'ists of E"S-
fgton.   Sir   Edward   says:- eration  on  economic and  indust- lan^ enTc?.U.rlged, ,byJhe„„dlClS.!!"S
"The tribesman ds  reluctant to ^j matters as may from time to
imilt that  the, fighting/ strength time be decided upon."
his tribe' has been reduced'by 	
of the Liverpool labor party conference against the active Communist   workers,   have   attempted
to  destroy the  Communist  movement in England.
The   manifesto   calls   upon   th©
Communists to redouble their ac
he killing of his young men, so ■■«_•__ AffjM TT_v_4__
is losses are usually concealed." Foreign Office HOldS
j However,      the     humanitaMan    '      Up Exports to RuSSia
lice-Marshal   adds:—  , 	
fit is not likely that the actual     LONDON._"Russia is ready to tlvttles in,,he t™de "nio"s: ,0^al
qualities  were  many,   nor  is  it pIace £16,000.000 worth of orders ,abor part,es and in tbe factor,ea
tsirable that" they should be. pro- ln   Britain   alone,"    declared   M. in   orde,1'  J»   d«feat, th«  alms   of
_ed   that   the   enemy   can   be Fl*unkin,   Russian   Foreign   Trade tne capitalist class ln  Britain,
lought to terms without."              Commlissioner,    in    an    interview
[During the campaign, the report with a daily paper. BOSSeS Demand HugC
Tttes. several villages wero set on      -All   we   ask   is   that   Britain Roi!in*-tinn itl WfllTOH
some towns destroyed, and a glves   us  the  same   terms   as   to tteaU-WIUIl III   T» dges
tmber  of  tribesmen   bombed.      prices  and  credits  as  we  obtain LONDON:—Three thousand five
(in   tjie   end  all  the   tribesmen from   other   European    countries hundred  members  of  the  Water-
.pituWted,, aihd paid, fines to the including France,  Italy and  Ger- Proof   Garment   Workers'   Union
.tlsJi.                                                many. employed  in  the  Manchester and
Their  fervent  love ami  loyalty      "Nothing  but the  British For- Warrington area  were locked out
ards the Empire is' now  as- eign office stops our business ex- on November  16.
red.                            *                     perts   from    coming   over.     The The dispute arises from the em-
                 orders we are prepared  to  place ployers' demand for a 25 per cent.
h rejoice at every effort work- ]n Britain are chiefly for coalmine reduction in wages, to take place
Umen make to organize.   I hall ana  0n  works machinery,  engin- as from November 1.    The work-
\e  Labor   Htpvement;   it   is   my eerlng machinery and tools, elec- ers   rejected   this   demand,   and,
nly   hope   for   demacracy.    Or- trical   plant,   and   equipment   for subsequent    negotiations    proving
jinize. and   stand   together.   Let the  timber industry,  paper mills, abortive,   the   employers   declared
lie nation hear a united demand ana  chemical  works." that there would be no more work
Tom   the   laboring  voice.—Wen-  available   at   the   old   rates   of
fell Phillips.                                      Patronize our advertisers. wages.
Limited
Prepared Roofings, Building Papers, Felts,
Wallboard, Roof Coatings, Paints,
Shingle Stains, etc.
Phone Doug. 90S
1004 BEACH AVE. VANCOUVER, B.C.
EMPIRE
.-
Stevedoring
Co., Ltd.
General
Stevedores
and
Contractors
\mma—mam—m_—mama__i
Covering All British Columbia Ports
Head Office: VANCOUVER, B.C.
President: Capt. W. M. Crawford
STEVEDORES FOR THE
Canadian Pacific  Railway
Co., Limited
Cable Address: "Dispatch," Vancouver
Code: Bentley's
AGENTS: HEATLEY & CO., LONDON Page Bight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 19:
Season's Greetings
Consolidated
Exporters
Corporation
Limited
Head Office:
1050 HAMILTON STREET
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Phones: Seymour 6701,6702, and 329
BRANCHES:
VICTORIA, B.O.
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C.
FERNIE, B. 0.
GRAND FORKS, B. C.
I
Continental Marble
Company, Limited
Manufacturers and Contractors for
Interior Marble Work
Also Slate for Electrical and
Building Work
WORKS:
1002-1008 Georgia Street East, Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Highland 2970
OFFICE:
1404 Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Seymour 6148
J. R. Tacey & Son
SHEET METAL MANUFACTURERS
BLOWPIP1NG
Heating und Ventilating Systems
Wo Enamel Automobile Hoods and Paris
Telephone: Fairmont 4656
Office and Works, 550 Sixth Avenue West
VANCOUVER, B.C.
NELSON ISLAND GREY GRANITE
Has been used in the construction of most of the important structures on the Pacific Coast, including University of British Columbia, Convent of the Sacred
Heart, Esquimau Dry Dock, and in most of the important War Memorials in the West,
Quarried and Sold Ojily By
VANCOUVER GRANITE CO. Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Slavery in Portugese Africa
-TVHE report prepared for the
League of Nations by the American Commission of Industry into
labor conditions in Angora, shows
'that the system of "recruited
labor" in Portuguese Africa- is
really the same thing as slavery.
The report says that the system
of state forced labor gathers in its
grip not only able-bodied men,
but the sick and feeble, the women, and even the Uttle children;
some are sent to work on roads,
and some are put upon the railways, and some on plantations.
Professor Ross gives, as illustrating the general system, the following incident: "The planter
told them that he had "bought"
them off the Government, that
they were his slaves, and that he
did not have to pay them anything. They got only their food
and a receipt for their head tax."
Evangelists' Evidence
The Commissioners spent an
evening with three young natives
evangelists, and record in the report the essential parts of their
evidence, the most recent of
which was as follows:
"Five weeks before 200 natives
arrived from N-  headed by a
white, escorted by three soldiers.
They had been sold by the officials at N to a coffee-planter,
who had paid 27,000 escudos
($675) for them. They were quite
thin, and eleven died on the
three days 'march. If they dropped on the march no one was
allowed to stop and cover them
with earth. "Why waste time on
these worms?" Of the 200, 30
were sick at the county seat and
four died."
Transported
Many of the natives are shipped
overseas to the cocoa islands of
San Thome and Principe, whence,
we are told, "none ever return."
The brutal floggings and the
widespread corruption also find a
large place tyi the report. The
Commissioners witnessed again
and again the sufferings of the
women—in one place they counted 99 persons, nearly all women
and girls, carrying clay ln baskets; of these 13 of the women,
with huge baskets of clay, had
also tied on to their backs their
little babies. "Twelve of the ga<ng
were too young to be mothers."
Flogging
In a passage on flogging, Professor Ross says that "on the
plantations some die from being
made to work after having bee'n
weakened by flogging. I saw the
hands of the village headman all
swollen from the infliction of the
palmatorlo." A,nd in another part
of the report he says:
"Next morning early the chief
saw them bring this man out of
prison with his hands too swollen
to close, give him a hoe, and set
him to work on the road. An
armed capado stood over him and
kept him steadily at work. He
was weak from lack of food, and
could hold the hoe handle only
between thumb and palm."
The Commissioners conclude
their appalling story with the
following sentence: "The rise of
the system of State requisitioning
of native labor and State leasing
of this labor to private parties
frees the white man of all temptation to acquire ownership of
the labor he needs."
There is not an existing institution in the world of civilized humanity which cannot be profoundly modified or altered or abolished
in a generation. There ls no form'
or order of government or of the
dominion of force which cannot be
removed out of the world _je ithin a
generation. There is no ideal ln
conformity with the principles of
civilization dreamed of by apy
dreamer or Idealist which canno't
be realized within the lifetime of
those around him. — Benjamin
Kidd, In "The Science of Power."
A. B. PALMER, President
Phone Seymour 4878
A. B. PALMER
COMPANY
Limited
GENERAL
CONTRACTORS
ROAD PAVING, BRIDGES AND WHARVES
DREDGING, DITCHING, RAILROAD
CONSTRUCTION
VANCOUVER BLOCK, VANCOUVER. B.C.
Office Phone Sey. 3739
Canadian Stevedoring
Company, Ltd.
(All British Columbia Ports)
426 CORDOVA STREET WEST
VANCOUVER, B.C.
COMPLIMENTS
1
C. H. E. Williams Co.
Limited
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS
and CONTRACTORS
Telephone Seymour 742
509 Richards Street Vancouver, B.C.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
R. D. HELMER
SASH AND DOOR MANUFACTURER
SASH, DOORS, FRAMES, OFFICE FIXTURES AND
CABINET WORK, BAND SAWING
AND FRAMING ,
INTERIOR FINISH OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Office and Factory: 996 Sixth Avenue West   j
Phone Bayvlew 3781 Ly, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Nine
11 Industry in China   Smashing Italian Co-operatives
|By JAMES DOLSEN)
i fact that all stages in the
Kisition from primitive hand
lo the most highly develop-
Ipitalistic Industry may be'
1 in large areas in China is
Itly from a study of economic
Ions as officially reported,
lie modern large-scale pro-
P_ takes place chiefly in the
ports   and   large  cities   of
st the interior places, even
[of great importance and
nay, like Peking, be charac-
by a large number of sir a 11
shments in  which    a1    fow
|rs    and    apprentices    work.
the direct supervision of
taster. Indeed in the major-
fcases the owner toils side by
pith his employes.
tug Industry at Peking
f, of the thousands of work-
I in Peking,    designated    as
|ies, there are hardly a score
are of    any    consequence.
pf them employ under 100
Irs and are only partly mod-
Id. In the rug industry, for
ble, there were in 1920 a tt>-
3.54 establishments. Of the
ten of these which were well-
|i to the public the largest
tyed 200 operatives and 8 apices. The use of a very large
er of apprentices as compar-
skllled workers is shown in
Ket that the third in size hir-
rO apprentices to 30 trained
jirs. Another place employed
(operatives with apprentices
p.nothear had but one crafts-
|ylth 31 apprentices.
apprentices were from 13 to
t*rs old and their termi ran for
.years.   They  received   their
and lodging and a meagre
|ince at the end of each year.
peratlves were paid 20 cents
cents for each kung they
led, being required to com-
|30 kung a month. A kung
Iquare foot of rug woven in
Ips and the same number of
J simplest rug factory requires
Eil of less than 1100 and is
^ed by fhe proprietor with a
prentices in a native shack.
Ir Industries in Some Stage
Lr industries in Peking are in
l.me intermediate stage.   Out
100 cotton mills only three
over  100  employees includ-
le apprentices.   There are in-
|able printing plants but only
I any size.   Of the seven Iron
j the most Important had 450
lives   and    170   apprentices.
\ne other had over a hundred
yees.
J making of clossonne ware is
tportant business. TJhere is
Irge factory with 3B0 work-
J.he rest are very amall fam-
jairs using hand labor only.
|anufacture of glassware has
known to the Chinese for
Ms centuries yet the plants
erally small, using the crud-
|d most primitive methods.
largest employs  20  crafts-
lo 110 apprentices. Two hos-
Initting mills out of the  76
pf any size.  At that time the
podern flour mills were clos-
a,use the imported flour from
In America was cheaper, an
■ting illustration of the way
|ch the more efficient, high-
labor of our own country,
fclcally exploited  with caipi-
|3ontroI of huge sources  of
can drive out of a native
, its own home production.
Ud Workers Preferred
{largest industrial establish-
leems to have a branch of
fnhua Match company. Here
000 were employed. Of these
lit were children engaged in
Joking department where  it
,ted they were preferred to
"not bcause of the cheap-
thelr labor, but because of
Iftness of their hands." How-
Ihe fact of their working at
fan half what the adults get
Evidently played a consider-
part in their selection.   The
rPHE actual position of co-operation ih Italy was well Illustrated by the reduced scale on which
was celebrated International Cooperation Day on July 4 of this
year. What, on this day, had
Kalinin Co-operators to show to
their brothers? A cemetery df
ruins!
By hundreds, the fine edifices,
created by the sacrifices of thousands of nameless workers and
peasants, have been burnt out and
levelled to the ground. The few
that escaped this fate have been
captured, and are now illegally
controlled by Fascist raiders, captained in many cases by the small
towin shopkeepers, who for years
had hatched vendetta against the
prosperous co-operative stores.
Ruthless Suppression
Characteristic examples or Fascist methods have "been the decrees by which the Government,
scorning every principle of public
and private justice, suppressed the
shareholders' meetings and nominated Government trustees to
manage the property of those two
splendid specimens of Italian cooperation, so long the admiration
of all competent observers—the
Co-operative Union of Milan and
the Sailors' Co-operative of Genoa
The first of these, founded about
30 years ago, was taken control
of by a commissioner nominated
by the prefect. Accompanied by
police officers, this worthy took
possession of the property a;nd
headquarters of the society, declared the managing board dissolved, and dismissed, for the sole
reason that they were not Fascists, blameless officials who,
from its origin, had given to the
institution devoted and enthusiastic service.
The financial and economic
consequences of proceedings so
madly tumultuous and illegal can
easily be imagined. Even if there
had been—which there was not—'
a question of bad management by
the properly elected directors of
the society, according to the Italian Mercantile Code remedial
measures could have been taken
ln hand o,nly by the general meeting of the organiaztion Itself.
Branches  Sold
In July this invading manager,
after two years of dictatorial administration, for the purpose of
giving an appearance of legality
to proceedings arising out of business relations with third parties,
not members of the society, called
a general meeting of the organization, to which meeting, judging
from other similar events, there
will probably be admitted only
members recently joined and disposed to approve all the violent
measures which have been taken.
One can today see the disastrous consequences of eliminating
the old co-operative personnel,
and of replacing them by the representatives of private merchants
prepared only to ruin the society.
The warehouses and cellars,
amongst the most extensive in
Italy, the printing works, the restaurant, and twenty-flve branch
stores situate liti central positions
in Milan have been sold to competing traders.
It ls well to remind English
Co-operators that the shares of
the C.W.S., Manchester, purchased
many years ago by Luigi Buffoli,
the excellent founder of the
Unioni of Milan, have also been
sold, It would certainly be interesting to know the opinion of the
Sonhoshin Brewery, the only Chinese-owned one in northern China,
has 270 operatives and 200 apprentices, The Peking Electric Light
company, which employs 290 men,
accords the best working conditions
and wages. Ita employees receive
from $10 to $70 a month with
their meals. There is a pension
for the injured and 30 per cent, of
thel net profits go to the workers
as a yearly bonus,
great Manchester organization on
this subject.
The old members, however, remaining faithful to co-operative
principles, assembled in Milan en
July 9- apd passed a resolution,
declining to accept any responsibility for the management of the
society by the Government commissioners, Inviting all brother
members ont to attend the meeting of the 12th Instant, owing to
the ascertained impossibility of
freely and peacefully discussing
matters pi-evious to the election
of the Society's officials, and demanding the calling of a general
meeting in conformity with the
rules of the Co-operative Union.
Eliminating Shipping
Everybody knows of the magnificent effort made by the seamen of Italy. For long years fhejf
consented to the withholding of
a portion of their wages, and by
this means they accumulated a
fund amounting to sixty million
lire—when the lira was at par—
with which they purchased nine
cargo boats which they named
after nl|pe pioneers of the Italian
working-class movement.
After a vain effort to obtain
control of the management of this
society by introducing armed
hooligans to the general meeting
of the society at Genoa, here also
competing companies obtained
from the Government the nomination of a commissioner who tried
by every means in his power to
destroy, for the benefit of these
competitors, the splendid creation
of the solidarity of Italy's seamen.
Against Captain Giulletti—initator
and inspirer of the co-operative—
all weapons were used, from libellous pamphlets to revolver attacks. At the same time the
shipping companies obtained the
elimination of the co-operative
from the Government's subsidy
list for public maritime service.
The Garibaldi had made an agreement with the Government for
30 years, by which agreement the
Government would have saved
during the period several millions
of lire. Ultimately the commissioner in this case found himself
in great difficulties, and sent in
his resignation. In the case of
this society, also, the devotion of
the old sailor co-operators will
salvage the organization.
The Mollnella Case
r have left till last the Molin-
ella case, because this has received more notice in the European
presa.
In the magnificent Bologna region—not long reclaimed from
swamp and marsh—the peasants
of the countryside had formed a
great co-operative of producers
and consumers .endowing it, at
great cost, with the most up-to-
date agricultural machinery.
All this has been partly destroyed and partly taken over by the
landed proprietors, all Fascists
naturally, against whose extortions had been founded to fight,
and had fought for 20 years, the
Co-operative di Consumo Mollin-
ellese.
This picture of the present
state of co-operation in Italy
would be incomplete if it were
not pointed out that hand-ln-hand
with this process of destroying
hundreds of consumers' co-operatives, goes the continued raising
of prices to consumers, a process
which the co-operatives would to
a certain extent at least have been
able to check.
The producers' co-operative, a
characteristic Italian formation,
broken up on its native soil, is
rising tb ei new life in the Argentine and in France, where groups
of political refugees, an undying
faith in their hearts, have formed
public utility co-operatives of notable  importance.
This is the new Italian political
emigration, and it is one which
not unworthily carries on the traditions of the great Italians who,
Inspired by the indestructable
passion of Guiseppe Mazzini, prepared the liberation of their
country."—"Foreign  Affairs."
Telephones: Sey. 4100, 4101
Cables: Fandarling
Frank Darling & Co.
Limited
AGENTS FOR:
I
"Balfosteel" Products
"Ultra Capital" High Speed Steel
"Capital" High Speed Twist Drills
"Eagle on a Olobe" Best Warranted Cast Steel
"Red White & Blue" Steel Files
"Balfour" Tungsten Hand & Power Hacksaws
Crucible Cast Steel for any purpose
"THOR" Pneumatic and Electric Tools
"AIRCO-DAVIS-'BOURNONVILLE" Oxy-Acetylene
Welding and Cutting Apparatus and Supplies
"PAXSON" Foundry Equipment and Supplies
"DARLINGS" Pumps, Air Compressors, Steam Traps,
Elevators
STOCKS CARRIED
1144 HOMER STREET
VANCOUVER, B. 0
J. Hanbury & Co.
Limited
,   BI
MANUFACTURERS OF
Lumber, Shingles, Lath
^^^^■^^.^^■"■^^■i^^M™"""^™..^^^*^^^^^***************************************, *
and Millwood
1980 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Compliments of
Griffiths Stevedoring Co.
GENERAL STEVEDORES
and CONTRACTORS
805 Birks Building
Vancouver, B.C.
Balfour Guthrie
Warehouse Company
Limited
WHARF FOOT OF CAMPBELL AVENUE
VANCOUVER, B.C.
T. G. McBRIDE & CO.
Established  1898
Always on hand—VICTORIA COMMON BRICK
Get our prices on your requirements of SAND, GRAVEL, CEMENT. PLASTER
and on all Building Materials before placing orders.    Prompt Delivery.
1061 MAIN ST. SEYMOUR 11*11 and 1142 VANOOUVER, B.O. Page Ten
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December-18
OPEN FORUM
fedikrlat *pft<je
QUESTION BO]
Addreu All Letters apd
Remittances to the Bdltor
3Uf? (fcmattan ffiabor Abiwrat?
1129 Howe Street, Vaneonver, B.C.
Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A THAR
tl SIX MONTHS
;; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
Trafficking In Human Flesh
.PANADA'S chief claim to imperishable renown should be
Export of Jobs
all   proposals   submitted   on
subject    to    Congress;    thaj
President Green, keep the
tive   council   continually
*. . *,     *,* -i      *, *, __    tot «...__ nr-r.0 ^^  informed regarding hid
the stupendous crop of masterly liars she has produced ** ••-'•■-■'-■an-d olds gressive studies and that
Ontario farmers have gone in her brief period of national life and the ability of her (]°NQUEST of German economic authorized to further the pj
__-   _.„,.„„_!   „._  unin*.  nnw.nl mUn* __1«_<___ t-n fnni  oil +v_o nnnrJn o+ Und -r.oi.4* nf ihn +?rv,o    ..     territory    by    the    American patlon and adherence of thef
ed   States  in  a,  world   cou^
such   conditions   and   with
reservations   as  in  his  judB
on  record  as  being  opposed ruling class to fool all the people at least part of the time,  financial empire is proceedi t
to   military   training   to   schools Qn geptember 30th of this year a group of British news-  an amazing rate .accordingTo  *»
SLS rS-LS* Ct paper editors, who had been invited to Canada by E. W. ™%£^£**« *• L-
a« very we., in its wa* h«t ap- Beatty," president of the C.P.R., for the avowed purpose of ser J^UX iS Zt _?^JLZ1TSL
parently tt never occurred to these inereaSing the flow of immigration to this country, declared American capital in Germany
sons of the soil thaMt ^dts-  ^^ ^.^ ^mtnt- for home that they would do  every-  clusive ot the Dawes loan, is rap-       _    __
thinking to oppose militarism, and thing in  their  power  to  "make  known  to  young  men  the  !£jL/^k0W,IB th6 ha" b"ll0n   P™m°«ng    international    ai
play  of  the  shallowest   kind   of
-i-k-il-in      -ii-i        4-l-i rti-n       V»*f\**wrrt"__«       *__•__**■       ' * *v» n l_» n        I*--n aiit«        + *rv       tTAnnm       w* i*_ v\        +h/\
dollar mark.
yet at the same time uphold an splendid opportunities that await them in Canada." These loans at high rates of in
rStaCiCa«d8l!^ 0n the same day the Vancouver City Council decided to  terest will probably be  converted
result
proted
American wage earners aifl
our   citizens,   at   the   same/
and world amity through a j
court.
"Further, that all city andl
The best way to kUi a broadcast notices all over the prairie provinces warning work- i?lto sihavres of stook because they (ederatlons' 0f labor be adyta
cannot be repaid when they ma-  thla aotion.  that they be  1
controlCOnVel'Si°n tP ShareS m^nS Ua"y lnformed ot s«bse<iu*i
A reeent example of this transfer of control to American financiers is the capture by Harriman-
ciaions   of   the   executive   co*
on this subject, and that th<j
requested not to take any
on  this   subject  contrary  td
decisions   of  the   American
eration of Labor."
tree is cut it down instead of ers to keep away from here when the harvest was over, as
lopping off its branches. no ullempioyment relief would be given.
couth Africa, it is reported,        0n October 6th Relief Officer Ireland reported to the
^   intends to deport to a penal City Council that two men had been sent to cover the prairie
labor colony all members of the provinces with these notices, and that their total COSt to the  Anaconda copper interests of Ger
community   who refuse   te   wo,*.  dty ^^ ^ ^^ %m , - many,s zlnc producHon    The ^
■STto u.at' cmuuT'^  LS        On November 21st, some six weeks' later, an advertise- ma" e™™™** «» tui wrangling
rue   to   tnat   country,   so   wneie ...      .  - ,.',,,,,,.■ with Harriman over this coup but      mi , .     ,    „    .
the jobs are coming from appears ment, measuring 17 by 10 inches,  appeared  in the  "Regina American bankers have the power man      meohanlcally t'
somewhat   obscure.   ..About   the Morning Leader,"  describing Vancouver  as a  city blessed to force a satisfactory settlement. wh° ds mal? for mer,e
only time compulsory employment     ...      B ,.        . ..     ,.-■. B    ,---,.   . ._ J T,    n.,,  „      - ■'-..-■-   getting We    may    lew...
is   possible   under   capitalism   Is Wlth   a   "graeWM   climate'   and   "picturesque   scenery";   a ^The Daily Herald correspondent  uttle  vaIue   of   f0rtune   ,by
when a few minions of men.arc "cosmopolitan city," where all nationalities rubbed shoulders; ^ i^at^ione 'Vtt^tw T^T <*emP-a--*-ns the person on
engaged to the pastime of killing  a city  of «world fam0us"   theatrical artists,   and  possessing can policy of economic penetrTtTon  J*™ " ^^ * ^^
bS pScte'thSTe^'^it^s a Plethora of schools and churches wherein the newcomer int° Germany runs a definite Wan SJ?Z.
not recorded whether Smuts is in could have the minds of his children trained and his own fn'fgenf CfL°AmtrL?eTonnoym^
danger   of   being  presented   with so1]1 repaired. "       i "I penetration itno the So"vieT UnL°
a pair of overalls. Thig a(jvertigement( ^{^ wag inserted and paid for by  xt ls no secret that the $25,000,000
m-v a au m mi is stated the Greater Vancouver Publicity Bureau, ends up with the Bc.ret"t v;hich was, gl^nte<J to Rus"
rpHI_ C. ii. M. M. JUttt. is statea , *' ' r . sia by German  banks was partly
to have made a profit this year, following appeal for more people to  come here and Share in provided by American banks.
If   the   empty   stomachs   of   tho, „*,*.,. *?nTra. «<
sailors on these ships bc any crl
terion, Uie profits should be con* ,    _ .     . _,, , , .        ..   . .      _ „    ._        .. tc,»lew 8lve„ lo mussonnrs paper
siderablc.   ..One  red   herring   be- and shipping.     The huge  ships,  flying flags  of  all  nations, Il Pop0lo d'ltalia, by C. W. Barron,   8544 Prino. Edwrd 8tr.it. T«
tween two men for supper l»e!|)s AViU   \je   something to   remember—a   panorama   of   Western owner of The Wall Street Journal  B<2" Oerr.ipondlng SooriUtT,
?"m ? mVt\ Tg n^^,,,,* Progress and industry." " *	
holder's   pockctbooks.     But   then ., ,.*.. ,,.
Mackenzie King told us that he        At the top. of this advertisement is an alleged picture of
UNION DIRECTOR!
our joys: "You will see this city in the midst of phenomenal
development.   You 11 be thrilled with the activity of building Ame«oan capital appears in an in- m..tin«i ut »nd 8rt mta»d«r
.... _. .. _   . _ ■?..-.     b   terview eivon tn Mnoaniinfo r__,n___.    ln*i*    R. H. K«l»ndi, Oh»irm»n; J
Morriion,   Beo.-Treu.;   Anfui   Hal
The    international    outlook    of
n capital appears ln an interview given to Mussolini's paper,
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES OOt
—Meati itoond Hondty In tkt
Pntldent, J. R. Whltt; iitrttary,!
NteUndi.    P. 0. Box 88.
FEDERATED    LABOR    PARTT-
111,  S19 Ptndtr St. Wttt.    Bt_|
and other financial papers.
Barron frankly favors the ship-
Any district ln Britiih Oolnmbl
■Irlnf Information r« itenrini ipj
or thi formation of local bnnihii
mont nf Amo,.t„n« „_.- „_,_. _,-„! x- 1/  commnnlo»ti  with  Protinolil
ment or American ore and coal to j,ry j   j..), xilford   624 Birki
liad not indention of letting the Vancouver harbor, showing .trains and ships loading and un- Italy to be made i«ito steel in itai ~ " "
railway profits be eaten up on loading_t0 all appearances a hive of industry.
the  ocean. ^ A* ^^w>r«_ ii.-. ««-d._.:„„ tt^:— r ..j._»  ..„V„3  •>   lower  level  of wages than we »AKERY   SALESMEN, LOCAL
lan mills "because her people have
On December 7th the "Regina Morning Leader" carried LJ7to th7UnJedTates	
wthite terrorists in Hou- a similar advertisement, inserted by the Lands Departmert couia make steel cheaper than we
" mania are living up to the city Hall, Victoria. Apparently the Victoria aldermen are can make lt" CheaP transporta-
reputation     their kind  haw ac-      dad       enou h fo 0Q their pr0paganda in thoir owr
quired in recent years.   A military ..*','■"■" i . 1.1..
guard  recently   received   a   ten name, which, after all, is something in their favor.
year's  sentence  for spitting  on        Both advertisements are of such a nature that anyoni
the ground ln the sight of Qucon who credited their aeciiraey eouid not-imagine this city a?
Marie.    Because he was a Bess- . , .   ,    . , .
arabian it was interred that it anything but a place where industry was booming and em
was done as a protest, against the ployment in abundance could be secured.
VincouTir,     B.O.    Tiliphon*    Bi
1988, or Biyvliw 6680.
,    . Ueiti   ucond  Thursday   iTirjr.
and she   *n Holden Bnildln». Pruldent, J.
will;   flntneltl   iicrettry,   H.
ron, 781 Uth Ati. Etit.
tion of the raw materials can be  0IL10 _ BMPLOTEES'   UNION.
v..j  _S;i™_«        ti      v t_ .        28—Meeti tint tnd third Prldl
had by Italian ships because-Ital- "
ian sailors are also low paid.
the  month  tt  145 Hutingi  W.,
p.m.     President,   R.   E.   Brown,
Here It otifin ssAvnosspv nf ts sstsltt   <""»Jm   St-!   leerettry-tretiurer.
nere is open advocacy or a snift  Ha„i80I1> U82 p»rker St.
of jobs from the United States to 	
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PROTEfl
UNION,   Loot!   145,   A.   I.   (fl
Meiti In  G.W.V.A. Htll,  Siymori
court-martial  of 386  peasants  in
that  country.   .It  is   unfortunate
Italy.   If bankers can't keep down
wages  here  by Importing  Italian _ „ -     . •_    -.
labor they can export some of our ^"prnWin't, ttwESfy.
employment to Italian workers tn ion  itreet;  iecretary,  E, A. Ju
T%        l_il *__.- a    •, l n a-a-o .       ,i_     .        ,_ ciiii/iuj'IllOiAL    LU    J to, U till     WU1&OIH    III     BOO     itroob,     leorswij,     St.    *%*    V
Doubtless our publicity hounds will  assert, that these Italyi flnanced_ of courae largely mi wgm *•* taM •
W. E.  Willltmi,  BB1 Nelion itril
i-.Ki***   tvuii-.fi    .*.-   «c    .....«»*...._.''..      , *       —s.   3    _e        _li_ jj   • • it w.  js.   wiuitmi,  »»*  neieun est,
Marie  cannot  be  presented   wlpi pictures   Were  inserted  IOT   the  purpose   Of  increasing   Van-   by American  capital;   for Barron  -*»nlier, P. Fletcher, 991 NeJion
a brigade of "snoos" chewers.
*    »    »
couver's "winter tourist" industry, but* if that be the case, believes "that financial and bank- THE federated
*•   7 J.,™      .»1ni*fnun.      *U*.*.*-..nn*n      4* - -      TT„ti._-J HUTAU f\_\        nlUini
ing relations between the United
H
AURY   STEVENS
broken  down  as
throat   has
why the reference to building and shipping activity,  and gtateg and Italy are g0^g to be
•EATAl
UNION Of CANADA—Hitiqf
it Roomi (, ( tnd T, Hiok Bi[
181 Hutlngi Streit VT., VtnionTil
result  of wny  *"e  Storing   allusion  to   "Western  industry?"     Surely  very much closer and that in due   Tel. Sir. test. Prnldint, Robert
his eSive ~trimi^ti_igs duriiiB bent backs, calloused hands and perspiring brows do not time mllHonf morf ^  American g^iSS'^. SulLSSSfS
" "   "    '"   r*'-   • Brtnch,  Room   11,  Oreen  Bloik, i
Strut, Vlctorit, B.O.   Phont 1»0|
money wll flow into Italy.'
the   recent   election,   but   the eome ^thin the confines of "tourist attractions?"   One can-	
Sn'Tsl iTpZ ^S. «ot imagine such scenes attracting anyone except those that A. F. of L. Reaffirms
if Harry's voice gives out he will Vancouver's military editor (who achieved fame during the     „,     , ~    World Court *imi- °* *• °**mf*****!"••«•»»»;
TTPOGRAPHIOAL  UNION,   No.
Preildent. R. P. Pettlplece j  tit
be in a serious predicament,   it iate war through his efforts to abolish the soldiers' rum
is his sole asset   ^ ration^ calls "undesirable tourists," i.e., workers looking for
"l/ISOOUNT CECIL apparency was a job,
*■ asleep   during  the   European
Meeti lut  Snndty ot uch mont)
p.m. In Holden Bnlldlng, 16 Htttli
PRINOE    RUPERT    TTPOORAPB
UNION, No. 411—Preildent,
Mtodontld; leeretir-r-treuarer,
-             Mut
(By  Federated  Press)
WASHINGTON.—American    ad    ,_,._.„„„_,„,     ,.„..,„ .....
One wonders what those members of the City Council herence to the world court is one o_mpbi"£u,p.o."B,,5' 'in
war.   He has just woke up to the who are  ftlg0 members of the Publicity Bureau have  to  Say of   the   P°stlTO   demands   of   the  Thnrldty ot etih month,
fact   that   the   rulers   of   Europe  ... . ,,   . *.,. .•_. is.-i-      it.' American Federation of Labor.
put more trust to powder than m defense of their conduct of, on the one hand, inducing these    Press reports t0 the contray
In God.    Cromwell discovered the  men to Come here by pouring into their ears honied tales of sent    out   from   Washington .by
advisability  of  doing" the  same unpPecedented prosperity, and, on the other hand, when they so™  ot  *he  sPecial  «orresPon-
thing some centuries ago.   In fact        . , ,.   ,   , . _, ,,,      ,j!..„«„„ i_ _s„„ dents   who   are  conducting   anti-
no one can point t» a time when arme, and cannot find the promised wealth, refusing to give court  propaganda  under  orders,
that  state  of   mind  did   not*  ex-  them aid?    One also wonders to what extent this propaganda are    challenged    by   the   official
1st even among the most Christian  jg  subsidij!ed by  the  C.P.U.   and  C.N.R.,  who   are  the. chief statement made by the executive
natl<ms' v beneficiaries of this traffic in human flesh?
council of the Federation on Nov.
20,  at  the  close of  its  quarterly
It matters not to these well-fed but useless members of aesSion.
THB   CANADIAN
Cahnr kbxtnti
with Whloh Ii Incorporate!]
THE  BRITISH  OOLUMBIA FBI
 TIQNI3T
PUBLISHED EVERT FRID_1
By tht Ltbor Pnbliihlng Od
Buslnces tad Editorial Offlei
1129 Howe St.
Working   men   everywhere   are
becomiiig   aware  that  they  are human society what hardships, torture and physical suffer*
The Oantditn Ltbor Adroette ll !
This statement was the* text of  ftctlontl weekly newiptper, giving
ot the firmer-labor movement In ■
br "TtXToT^ ing aro inflicted upon those they inveigle here with their liiTZZTStZZ-Tll ZZ™r-ZZL««
-t^^^t-Z^Z^: glittering tales.   Their sole consideration is enhancing their   " " ^I'ZTotZ 1 f    ^^ W.50 per yejr: c»»
selves ahd\hX^anboyr.°Thel,'a"h" glittering tales.   Their sole consideration is enhancing ineir former conventions of the a. f.
ievement  of  such  economic  free-   Own  wealth,   position   and  power.     Only  by  sweeping  these  of L. have endorsed a world court,
Ctnta
per yetr, %1 tor ill monthi; to r
eubecribing in t body, Ue per|
ber per month.
dom   stands   in   prospect—and   at  salaried loafers and their effete institutions into  the  discard that   we   reaffirm   our   adherence  M,wfc9t Th, redertrtd Ttatt
no   distant   date—as   the   revolu
tlonary climax of the age,
Keller.
...   ., , . ,        ,        ,,     .     » i   ..   .        . to   the   principles   of   the   world
Helen wl11 tnc working d-™ be able to forever end their misery court. that we urge continuanCe
Brltlih Ltbor Preu
and suffering.
of  study   by   President  Green   of Friday, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Eleven
WOMAN'S DEPARTMENT   -
Urge Women to Organize
Want Children Trained
Into Humble Servility
D. 0.—The  In- family for the recognition of the
Federation     of neoessu-y oi trade uplon organlza*
[Trade Unions reports that the International Oommlttee   of   Trade
Union Women has issued a call
i for the renewal and increase of
WASHINGTON,
ternatlonal          __ __
tion.   What the family has omitted
to do, in the case of women entrants into employment, is often
similarly neglected in the workshop. Working men must share
the responsibility for the meagre
organiaztion of working women,
The committee, which represents and it ls t0 that extent their own
[efforts to organize women
workers.
wage
L women trade unionists of Belgium.
[Prance, Denmark,   Germany   and
Great Britain appeals to all Women workers to join the union or-
. ganizations of their trades.   After
j directing attention to the bad conditions of employment and the low
wages of women ln many indus-
1 tries, jthe call, which is addressed
to organized workers everywhere,
' says:
"The   International   Committee
fault if women workers now form
an obstacle to the successful activities of the trade unions.
"So far In no country are the
conditions  of labor of women in
CLEVELAND, Ohio. — Fifteen
hundred teachers of vocational
training, representing high schools
rehabilition schools, and" the vocational training department of
some of the largest industrial and
commercial corporations in the
country* gathered at the convention of the National Society for
Vocational Education, at the Hotel  Statler,   here.
What the purpose of this convention is may be readily under
stood from.the utterances of some
accordance with the valu7and"the  of the outstanding figures at the
importance of their work. Women
workers are still unconscious and
often unwilling undercutters of
wage standards,
"This state of affairs   will   be
altered   when   women,     workers
of Trade Union Women appeals to r""""    "A   " """    *'     *""
". .,____,_.__ _^ _t   _._..,.  begin to be more active   in   the
the organized workers of the whole
I world, and earnestly entreats them
• to renew and Increase their efforts"
to draw Into the trade unions all
women wage earners.   In all industrially developed countries, the
' Women workers form a considerable part of the wage earners and
fas the great bulk of them are unorganized, and their   wages   are
both absolutely and relatively low,
'they constlttue a permanent dan-
■ ger to the working conditions of
the Whole workihg class.
"The organized    male    workers
consider it their bounden duty to
spread the Idea of the necessity of
trade union    organization    among
their male collagues.   But some of
these workers do    not   think   it
tnecessary to 'work likewise, for the
- spread of this same idea among
L women workers whom they regftrfl
roinly to often, not as   colleagues,
' but as extraneous elements in economic life, since they have not
yet rid themselves of the opinion
I that the proper share of woman's
f work ls the home.   This mistaken
idea   has   not   yet  been   dispelled
.even by the faet, which every un-
' prejudiced human being can
trade union   movement.   The attainment  of  that  position  ls the
convention. "We must never neglect to teach the idea of service,"
said Vernon Riegel, state superintendent of public instruction.
"As lori|r as the Idea of service
is not taught, there will be discussion between employer and
employee."
The chief problems of the. con-
object of this appeal.   The under- ventlon   are   how   to   train   the
signed  committee  members  were, country's   youth   to   ibe   efficient
in drawing it up, fully conscious of slaves   and   how   to   make   them
their responsibility as members of like   it.     Said, O.   W.   Rosenthal,
the International    Committee    of president of the Builders Associa-
Trade Union   Women,    and   they tion  of  Chicago  and   director  of
Issue It in full faith in the mighty the National Association of Build-
poWer of trade union Ideas    and ing Trade Employers, 'We do not
ideals'. care how much training you give
"Forward, then ,to the work of the apprentices in pounding nails
Organization! Win over the women or handling saws.   What we want
workers for this idea. are   men   who   will   come   to   us
"international    Committee      of trained   in   the   right   spirit,   the
Trade Union Womeh: Hght  frame   of   mind,   men   who
"Helen      Burniaux,      Belgium; ^ji   COme   to   us   in   a   spirit  of
Jeanne Chevenard, France; Hen-
rlette Crone, Denmark; Gertrud
Hanna, Germany; Mary Quaile,
Great Britain."
are   will-
Scab Trainmen's School
Organized By Bosses
(By  Federated Press)
BALTIMORE.—A     school     for
scab   trainmen   has   been   started
by   Pres.   Byers   of   the   Western
see Maryland,   since  the
willingness,   men   who
ing to make  sacrifices,"
This jovial representative of
the class for whom all the vocational training in the public
schools is carried on, further bewailed the ifact that in Cleveland the apprentice who wants to
work in the trade has no choice
other than to join the union in
his respective trade. "I do not
say that this is either good or a
bad situation," he said, "I simply
members   of *Present  It as a situation  for vo-
!for himself, that in all industrial the     Brotherhood     of     Railroad
countries large numbers of women Trainmen  on   his  road   have   re-
are compelled to earn thalr own fused t0 work ln pjace of mem.
living for the whole of their lives. bers of the Locomotive Engineers
"This mistaken conception it is and the Looonu)tlVe Flremen now
Hhat prevents the preparation   of on   strlkei    No   fomal  stHke   of
i the mind of the daughter of the the B   R   T   membership has yet
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABBISTBBS,  SOLICITORS, BTO.
401-401 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
IS7 Hutlngi St. W., Vaneonvtr, B.0.
Taltphonas: Stymour 8*66 ail 6167
been   declared
ting ready.
but  Byers   is  get-
cation teachers to think about.
In private, however, Mr. Rosenthal admitted that he was of the
opinion that the closed shop was
un-American and that workers
ought to be permitted to have
some "choice as to whether or
not they wanted to join the union.
I have not ai doubt that our
present trade unions will be the
skeletons of the future social
order.—Gronlund.
2000 PAIRS OP SOLID LEATHER
WORK BOOTS
—built on comfortable, good fitting lasts—long wearing.
They'll take a lot of punishment—p, he-man's boot wiu
plenty of guts I
Tan or Black, and All Sizes and Lasts to Choose From
ONE PRICE ONLY-Sold Regularly at $7.00
$3.95 per pair
YOU WILL NEVER BUY GOOD BOOTS CHEAPER
A REAL BARGAIN
Xmas Slippers
for men, women and children.   Travellers' samples at less than half price.
All styles and sizes to choose from.
"A Full Line of Dress Shoes for Men, Women and Children
KIBLER'S SHOE STORE
(The Best for Lass)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library)
Plan National Body
To Fight Militarism
NEW TORK:—A nation-wide
organization to flght compulsory
military training in the colleges
Is forecast by the controversy a-
rising out of the action of authorities of the City College of
New Tork during the past week,
in barring the further discussion
of the subject in the college
pa;per,  "The Campus."
The action of president Mezes
ln notofylng Felix S. Cohen, editor of "The Ca'mipus,'' that publication of articles on military
training must stop, followed a
vote conducted by "The Campus,"
which showed overwhelming sentiment against such training.
Discussion of the vote led Assemblyman Cuvillier to accuse the
students of cowardice. Captain
George L. Darte termed each student who voted against military
training a "potential traitor, -influenced by Communistic propaganda."
Cohen replied that Cuvillier was
incempetene to judge Ihe situation, being ignorant of the facts
and Dean Frederick B. Kobineon
of the School of Business of City
College characterized Darte's
charges as merely "silly."
Wf E  certainly  appreciate
" the way our Christma^
business is coming; it's better than last year.
Men's Ties in fancy boxes, SOe
to    $2.00
Initial Handkerchiefs, 3 for.... fl.00
A- nice variety of Suspenders and
Suspendei  Seta.
Men's Black or Brown Leather Slippers, elastic, sides, $2.25 and $3.50
Men's Brown Everett Slippers $2.25
Children's Knee Gum Boots, sizes 5
to  10%     $1.76
Boys' Boots, in black or tan, $2.95
snd    $3.25
Men's Work Boots  $3.16
Also a variety of Shirts, Sweaters and Lined Dress Oloves.
This social structure of red nvd,
This  edifice  of  slime,
Whose,   bricks   are   bones,   whose
mortar's   blood,
Whose pinnacle is crime.
—Francis Adams,
Arthur Frith & Co.
Man's   snd   Boyi*   Furnishings,
Hats, Boots snd Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   6th   Avenues
Fhone Fair. 14
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
135 LONSDALE AVBKOT
NOBTH VAHOOUVEB    Fhoie 1181
AUTOMOBILES
Wa Bava Soma Good Bnys ln
GUARANTEED   USED   OABS   fOC
Cash  Payments  Aa  Low Aa  *f*n>
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Say. 7105       1366 OranvUle St.
SPEED!
rpHE voice currents used
in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
_•*
B. C. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Your Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Bad Cold
MASSAGE A SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastings St. West Phone Sey. 2070
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Fhone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
rvOCTORS are now recognizing the relationship betweon dls-
-*-'   eased teeth and bad health,
Every week or two aome physician sends me a patient to have his
h attended to, and in the majority ot  cases  the doctor'a suspicions
and  the health  improves  whon  the  Dental needs" bave
teeth
are   confirmed,
beon  supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and this in
turn depends on mastication.
Dr.  Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methods.
GLASSES
1
COMPLETE
AUR eye
" perfect
examination is as
as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SERVICE BLDQ.
HOBSON at GRANVILLE
Entrance 080 Bobson St.
Phone Sey. 8955
II
Thank You For Past
Business
WE WISH YOU ALL A HAPPY CHRISTMAS
AND A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR
W. B. BRUMMITT
Clothing, Shoes, Hats and Furnishings
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST
CALL  FOR  YOUR   CALENDAR Page Twelve
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 1925
Naval Armaments After World War
-T-HE economic ruin in Europe
after the war and the desire
on the p$rt of the various Admiralties to take stock of fheir war
experience before undertaking the
construction of new ■ armaments
has, during the first years following the war, caused a certain
stoppage in the work of naval
shipyards. Only America and
Japan (which hardly suffered at
all from the war) commenced to
carry out their colossal shipbuilding programmes, vying with
each other for the first place ln
the Pacific Ocea*n naval forces.
The Washington Conference
In 1921 the Washington Congress took a decision to bring the
American fleet up to a strength
equal to that' of the strongest
fleet in the world, i.e., the British fleet. Great Britain in reply
published its new programme,
which included the construction
of four new superdreadnoughts.
The Japanese Government drew
up the famous programme known
as the "8—8," according to whlcn
the fleet should include eight
first line battleships and eight
super-dreadnoughts not more
than eight years old, This 'tremendous programme was to have
give*!. Japan almost the second
place among the fleets of the
world. The Japanese cruiser Ta-
kao appeared as an unprecedented giant of 45,000 tons, with a
speed of 34 knots, and fitted with
eight 17-inch guns. Such is a)n
example of the naval construction
activities that began to take place
almost directly after the peaceful
declaration of Versailles.
In 1921 America, gonsidering
the correlation of forces of the
different Powers at that time to
be very advantageous for her,
convened the Washington Conference i|Ti order to "fix naval armaments at definite and stable dimensions." Great Britain, the
U.S.A., France, Japan and Italy
. sent their representatives to this
conference. At the opening of
the Conference, President Harding delivered a remarkable
speech, in which he declared that
"our Conference bears witness to
the awakened conscience of the
civilization of the 20th century.
The wearied world Is thirsting.for
new relations, and humanity demands a stable peace.    .   ."
Colossal Navnl Construction
The results of the work of this
"awakened conscience" at the
Washington Conference were that
it was decided that Great Britain
and the United States might po-
sess 525,000 tons in large battleships, Japan 316,000 tons, and
France and Italy 175,000 tons.
With .regard to cruisers, torpedo-
boats and submarines, here the
"awakened conscience" already
placed no limit to the total sum
permitted for displacements, although the representatives ot
Great Britain tried to come to
an agreement for the complete
curtailment of submarine construction which for the British
themselves are a dangerous weapon against trade.
There have been two more
conferences on the question ot
limiting naval armaments since
the Washington Conference; in
1923 the Conference of South American Republics iiti Los Angeles
and in 1924 the Conference of the
minor naval Powers at Rome.
Neither of these conferences arrived at any result.
Meanwhile Great Britain, no
longer threatened by Germany,
and no longer faced with the new
rivals with whom agreement had
been arrived at in Washington,
set about carrying out colossal
naval construction. The Imperialist interests of British capital ln
the Mediterranean, the Indian
Ocean and the Pacific Ocean compel British strategy to concentrate all its attention just on the
Mediterranean Basin, the key to
all the most important traffic
routes:   Gibraltar,     Malta,    Suez,
Perim,  Aden,    Singapore,    Hong-
kqng.
British Super-Dreadnoughts
For this, further construction
of large battleships was necessary.
Great Britain, having already at
its disposal 22 battleships (i.e.,
battle-cruisers and dreadnoughts)
with 15-inch and 13.6-inch guns,
at the commencement of 1923
laid down the keels of two new
super-dreadnoughts ln the shipyards of ArmstroiJig-Whitworth
& Cammel Laird—the Rodney
and Nelson—with a tonnage of
35,000 with 16-inch artillery (9
guns each); in addition Great
Britain has begun the construction of 11 cruisers and a number
of torpedo-boats, aircraft-carriers
and submarines. Already at the
(.ommenceme-nt of 1925 she has
the following warships ready;
Battleships 22 (not including
two under construction).
Cruisers 52 (in addition to
those being constructed, the new
programme-—July, 1925—provides
for 18 additional cruisers).
Aircraft carriers  8.
Torpedo boats and destroyers
207.
Submarines 66 (besides those
under construction- and included
in a new programme).
Old Units Scrapped
It is necessary to remark that
all figures and data in these
tables concern the most powerful
and up-to-date warships, for between November, 1918, up to 1923'
the British have sold for scrap 35
battleships, 82 cruisers, 375 torpedo-boats, 101 submarines and
240 other boats, with a total displacement of 1,600,000 tons. In
this manner, the present British
fleet is absolutely free of any out-
of-date warships. All those which
have been accumulated during the
years of the war and preceding
the war have now' been discarded.
France, threatening and threatened by Great Britain in the
Mediterranean, which connects
her up with the French colonies,
is here threatened also by Spain
and Italy, who in 1923 concluded
a "naval agreement directed
against France aiming at protecting the freedom of the Mediterranean." The French imperialists are not lagging behind the
continued naval armaments of
their rivals. In this connection
we have the absolutely -categorical
statement of Doumergue himself
(in his Cherbourg speech ln 1925")
where he said: "The desire for
peace has induced France to coin-
serve naval strength in a condition corresponding to the world
position of the Republic and the
necessity for safe-guarding the
tremendous coast li*ne and the
colonial dependencies."
Building; New Warships
In addition to 6 battleships, 5
cruisers, 58 torpedo-boats and 46
submarines, France has fixed a
ship-building programme for 6
cruisers at 10,000 tons each, 3
cruisers at 7880 tons, 21 destroyers at 2326 tons and 36 torpedo-
boats at 1430 tons, and also 52
submarines.
The U. S. A., no longer constructing her pre - Washington
giants, has now at her disposal
18 battleships (of which three
were launched In 1920-21, armed
with 16-inch guns), 31 cruisers,
267 torpedo-boats and 56 submarines have been launched since the
war. Not content with this, the
Government has presented a draft
bill to Congress for the construction of eight more 10,000 tons
cruisers.
m
Japan has at its disposal 10
battleships (of which two were
launched In. 1919-20 with 16-inch
guns), & cruisers, 21 light cruisers, 84 -torpedo-boats and the
same number of submarines. She
is continuing to increase the fleet
by adding new cruisers a,nd torpedo-boats. By 1928 the Japanese fleet should Include 25 large
new  cruisers  as  against   10   new
cruisers (launched fcince the war)
of the U. S.  A.
No Change Since 1911
Italy, which economically considers herself almost an island
state, completely dependent upon
sea- communications, declares quite
openly as to the necessity for
occupying "a corresponding position on the Mediterranean paths
essential to her." Possessing already 5 battleships, 9 crulers, 61
torpedo-boat destroyers and 41
submarines she is putting through
a new construction programme
for 1923-28, during which period
the Government should construct
5 cruisers of 10 000 tons each, 20
lnrge destroyers arc 20 large submarines.
Spain, which has friendly naval
relations with Italy and which already possesses 2 battleships, 3
cruisers, 3 light cruisers, 10 torpedo-boats and 10 submarines, is
building two more cruisers, three
destroyers and six submarines.
We will not trouble to consider
the naval armaments Of the
minor states, since the picture
becomes quite clear without j.his.
Naval armaments after Versailles
are being carried out at just the
same rate as they were during
the preparation for the 1914 war.
—International Press Correspondence, .
How Britain Rewarded
Her "Glorious" Heroes
Here is an interesting comparison showing how the British government rewarded the heroes of
the recent world war. The following column shows what the
British "brass hats" were rewarded and what the ordinary priavtes
got: Per week
Permanently   disabled   ....    40/-
Totally   paralysed        40/-
Sent mad      40/-
Blinded     40/-
Lost right arm...     36/-
Lost   leg        32/-
Struck   dumb        32/-
Lost nearly all leg     28/-
Struck   deaf     28/-
Lost left arm    28/-
Lost  half  leg ,.     24/-
Lost  most  of  left arm....    24/-
Lost less than half leg....    20/-
Lost  one  eye......     20/-
Lost toes above knuckles    18/-
Lost right  thumb or  4
fingers  .'     16/-
Lost left thumb or 4
fingers       12/-
Lost  2   fingers       8/  •
Lost  toes   below  knukles     8/-
Per year
Admiral   Beatty    £100,000
Admiral Jellicoe      50,000
Adrimal   Madden        10,000
Admiral Sturdee      10,000
Rear-Admiral Keyes      10,000
Vice-Admiral  de  Roeback    10,000
Commander  Tyrwhitt       10,000
Field-Marshall  Haig    100,000
Field-Marshal  French'     60,000
Field-Marshal  Allenby   ....    50,000
Field-Marshal   Plumer   ....    30,000
Field-Marshal Wilson       10,000
General   Rawlinson        30,000
General   Byng       30,000
General  Home       30,000
General Robertson      10,000
General   Birdwood        10,000
Lieut-Col.  Hankey      25,000
Air Vice-Marshal Trench-
ard    ,     10,000
—From Lansbury's Weekly
Th'e confiscators and expropriators are the capitalists. They it
is who confiscate the property of
all the toiling classes—wage-workers, small producers, working
farmers, etc. Socialist society will
put an end to confiscation.—Karl
Kautsky.
The social problem of the future
we consider to be how to unite the
greatest individual liberty of action with a common ownership of
the raw material of the globe, and
an equal participation of all in
the benefits of combined labor.—
J. S. Mill.
VANCOUVER
CREAMERY
BUTTER
Insist on the Brand
Phone The Folks!
DON'T let mere miles keep you away
from your relatives and friends at
Christmas time. Go to them by longdistance telephone. Enjoy an exchange
of greetings. They will be glad you
telephoned because there is nothing
friendlier than the spoken word.
You will find our special
night rates in the front
of your telephone directory..
British Columbia
Telephone Company
J. TUCKER
CHAS. BENTALL
S. A. LAKE
Dominion Construction
Company, Limited
ENGINEERS and CONTRACTORS
509 Richards Street
Phone Sey. 8320
Empress Brand
PURE FOOD PRODUCTS /
JAMS, JELLIES, MARMALADE, EXTRACTS
SPICES and MINCEMEAT
You Can Depend on "EMPRESS BRAND"
Phone Seymour 3099
Vancouver Pile  Driving and
Contracting Company
D. KINO, Managor.    Phone Fair.  1499.
ROOM 910 DOMINION BUILDING VANCOUVER, B.O. (iday, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Thirteen
Jt i i i » il « i i nr i .a... i a: a a a iiinminnm iiiiinii
Shoit Stozy
mnil i in i in i iiiiii mi m nm »m iii mm nm in i «mi in»im<~»-».
The Fire Fighters
Migratory Workers
On the Stage
By.. ESTHER LOWELL
The migratory worker and the
hobo take the stage at the 39th
Street Theatre, New Tork, in Max-
l,,|..|..»,,|,.|..|..|„|,l|ll|„|.l|M|Ml>..t.l>»<.
Pioneer Thoughts
SURPLUS LABOR
THE DARK AGES
well Anderson's dramatic   version  rriHE  wage  worker  sells  to  the r~H- literature of Europe, shortly
IerB was a city in which a tion that ls certain to come unless °* Jlm2u"ys book* 'Begg*rf ,of       capitalist his labor force for a   *■ before the final dissolution bf
tremendous fire was raging, this terrible flre Is put out. Of "**" ^^J?*™"^
le Beetle had already been course we shail put it out. who- ^JZ^ZTLZTZ^
fe&, and a multitude of men,  ther you do your part or not. But
lie fire was spreading rapidly,
[every house ln the city seemed
■anger. The Inhabitants were
jting the most strenuous efforts
in and children were shelter-  bo v ashamed you will feel when
through the self-sacrifice of your
fellow-citizens the city is indeed
made safe for domesticity, if you
did not help. Tou will" have to
face a mortification as great as
[Uench the flames.   They were that of the nobleman   to   whom
Jnlzed under the directiop of  Henry IV. said,  "Go hang your-  _
mayor.   Their method was to B*-t* brave Crillon—we conquered betraying step-father,
cans of gasoline into the burn-  at Argnes,    and   you   were   not
buildings.    The air was rent there."
. explosions. The heat was so "But," answered some of the the dapper uttle'man from the or-
te that brave young men were recalcitrants, "we cannot believe ohestra circle say ln his cultured
. « .        v.    they that gMOi,ne wlll save the jjouaeg, account8 to the lady wrapping her
road dicks. The players hop a
freight and ride through the second act Inside a box car. The
kangaroo court in the box car tries
a you^g migratory worker for being respectable, "sleeping in bed at
night and going to restaurants."
Oklahoma Red wants the boy's
girl, who is travelling to escape the
clutch of the law for slaying her
certain daily sum.    After    a few the Roman Empire, fell    entirely
hours'   work  he has    reproduced into the hands of the clergy, who
the value of that sum;    but   the were long veneratetd as the sole
substance of his 'contract is that instructors o£ ma-nkind."   For sev-
he is to work another series    of eral centuries   it   was   extremely
hours   to   complete   his   working rare to meet with a layman who
day;  and  the  value  he  produces could read or write; and, of course,
during these additional hours    of it was still rarer to meet with one
surplus    labor    is    surplus value, able to compose a work,    Litera-
which costs the capitalist nothing ture, being thus monopolized by a
but yet goes into his pocket. single class, assumed the peculiar-
That is the basis of the capital- lties  natural to  its  new  masters.
It's not gay Broadway's    usual
istic system which tends more and
more to divide    civilized    society
bd in great numbers   as ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
^ed the orders of their leaders,  R seems to us that it will guar- rich fur cloak around her, "Tou
nobly reckless   of   personal antee their destruction."
Jty, fought the flre with gaso-
tune, this hobo plays.   Well might-int0 a few Rothschilds and Van
derbilts, the owners of all the
means of production and subsistence,. o,n the one hand; and an
Immense number of-wage workers,
the owners of nothing but th'eir
iabor force, on the other.—Frederick Engels.
______________________________^_________ nave to be in just the mood, you
A famous college president, dir- know, to see it."    Another    com-
ector of a Society for the Study fortable business man remarks, as
e entire population appeared  0f the Prevention of Fires, made his wife expects,   that "so   much
lave one absorbing Interest— a crushing reply: swearing is," etc.   But   the   play
ut out the flra   Women and      „It Wftg entlreiy proper("  said successfully captures a glimpse of
iren worked to keep up the he> „(or y(m tQ express that op,n. the life of a part of society which
ly of gasoline.   People whose  ,on prior te Jm Thu.sday at 930 seldom gets the front page story  TNDUgTRY is s0 organized that
lings were still a long   way „,m    But at ^ moment when and even more rarely comes real_
istically to the attention    of   the
BUSINESS ETHICS
      way
the flre felt that their homes
endangered and did their ut-
■<-. to help.
evotlon to the common cause
stimulated  by the    eloquent
9s of certain men, who went
way and that, speaking   on
Moral Aims   bf    Throwing
Ollne at a Flre."
[•me of the speakers appeared
Lbe   Christian    ministers, and
fsaid, "Oo to it, in the name
p.m. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
the City Council—in the election
of which you have a, vote, remember—decided by a vote of 16 to 2
that, gasoline is the only flre extinguisher available under present
circumstances, then it became
your duty as a loyal citizen to accept the lawfully reached conclusion of the constitutional authorities—and do your part in saving
the city by the method they chose.
financially more favored parts of
society. Those self-styled "best
people" never actually see the migratory workers or even the workers ln the shops which finance
their fine living. The nearest they
ca*n come to seeing those workers
ls in such a play as this Outside
Looking In.
•    *   »
Don Juan has no place in the
fight for a workers' world despite
 ETo Insist on your own private
pirlst.   Undoubtedly He would  judgment in a time.like this when ^phrase ,.For the love of human
th you, a gasoline can in each  the homes of the city are imper- ity„ (lung at a   t,eggar   Wjth   a
: were He on earth today."      llled ls nothing less than treason. ooin    go aay8 Edmond Rostand in
(thers wore caps   and gowns,      "rt is disloyalty—to  your own his play <*The Last Night   of Don
no one can work without getting a job from someone else. No
one can get a job without applying
to the people who have charge of
the jobs. And the owners of the
jobs have organized industry, not
for the use of mankind, not for the
service of men, women, and children, but solely for profit.
Business men are not in business
for their health. No one denies it.
The more they make, the better
they ca,n live, the more luxury
they can wallow i|n the more furs
and motor cars and opera boxes
and chorus girls they can sport,
The more money they make, the
were evidently college presl-  home—to the homes of the city jUan." which the Greenwich Vil-  more power they have.
and professors. They talked  —to  the  brave  gasoline    hurlers iage Theatre Is offering New Tork
liedly:   "Gasoline ls not chem-   who have already given their lives audiences.   He who flits from o,ne
ly  an  ideal  fire  extinguisher,
fin the present circumstances
the only extinguisher avail-
Use it without stint, or there
I iftt be a house left in the
It is not to be wondered at that
the business man who makes most
money leads his clan, that business
men will bend every effort in one
direction only—that is, to make
ever more money.    Therefore, all
     business policy tends intthe direc-
Pass'thls copy to your shopmate pet show to play eternally before  tion of money   making.   Nothing
to make the city safe for domes- ]oVe to another, never creating nor
ticity—to the moral order—to taking his place in the world's
God."—Henry W. Pinkhalm in WOrk, is not the workers' friend,
"Australian Worker." gays Rostand.   The dramatist   has
the devil put Don Juan in* a pup
finm-nrnm n nm i.ii.i|i.»..i..im
uch use was made of a stir- (tnd get him to subscribe,
[slogan the vMayor had fellcl-   __________________________________=____
|y Improvised—he had a mas-
command of language—when
(ailed on the citizens to put
tire out: 'To Make the City
; for Domesticity."
•   •   *      •
bere was a very small group
I'.ie  inhabitants  who    seemed
or less out of sympathy with
prevailing sentiment and the
i-al endeavor. Several of them
nulte excited and rushed .about
jtlng at the top of their voi-
"For God's sake stop throw-
kasollne into the flames. Gas-
1 is not a fire extinguisher at
!It only makes the fire worse."
e police arrested the men
iptly, and put them in j-ail,
ugh not until some of them
been roughly handled by ln-
?*nt citizens,
tiers of the little band of dis-
fcrs remarked bitterly: "The
vas started by men who have
line to sell. They have fooled
people Into the notion that
line is a fire extinguisher."
Ill others-said: "The city will
lestroyed. There will not be
|ise left. But what of it? The
were for the most part not
live In. The city was very
planned.   Good riddance to
a mocking-world.
The Hour Has Struck
THE hour has struck—the battle hour
When Labor's truth and right
Must match themselves in battle pow'r,
Against the frauds ofJMight.
The time has come when Labor must,
Be it on sea or land,
Wrest more than life's supporting crust,
From Mammon's miser hand.
The hour has come—that splendid hour—
When ev'ry heart should leap,
To man the people's battle tow'r,
And bugle them from sleep.
For who can say that Freedom's cause
And Freedom's fame is sure,
When Midas can defy our laws,
And men in jail immure.
little group grew   smaller
IinValler. There were very few
n lt after the ministers and
;e professors had pleaded for
bsolutely united citizenship,
had said with moving elo-
|c«: "Don't you want to make
i city safe for domesticity?
ly you do. Tou must admit
tthe home ls the dearest spot
tarth. Are you not grateful
foe house you live in, if lt is
standing? Don't Imagine that
III escape the general destruc-
Too long has Labor toyed with Greed,
Too meekly and unwise;
For now, as always, Money's creed
Is barren but for lies.
Too long has Labor humbly let
Its foes unsmitten go,
Though Labor's foes were never yet,
To harry Labor, slow.
else matters.	
One result of this is that a race
of men is developed who specialize
in sharp practices. "Tou gotta
hand it to him;" "Well, he put It
over"—these are expressions of
genuine admiration of business
mem by others who have one yardstick with which to measure
achievement,
In time (and not so long, either)
we find that there has been developed an aristocracy of wealth, of
sharp practices, or "cleverness."
Those sharp practices become the
morUity of life, taught as virtues
in the schools and "success" magazines, and the one who gathers
wealth becomes the successful one.
Nothing matters but the acquisition of wealth. The e,nd Is the sole
object of society.—William M.
Felgenbaum.
And as the clergy, taken as a body,
have always looked on it as their
business  to enforce  belief,  rather
than  encourage  inquiry,   it  is  no
wonder if they displayed in their
writings the spirit incidental to th'e
habits of their profession.   Hence,
literature, during many ages,    instead of benefiting society, injured
it by increasing credulity, and thus
stopping the progress   of    knowledge.    Indeed, the   aptitude    for
falsehood became    so great    that
there was nothing men were unwilling to believe.    Nothing came
amiss to their greedy and credulous ears. Histories of omens, prodigies,    appartitlons,   strange   por-
ternts, monstrous   appearances    in
the heavens, the wildest and most
incoherent absurdities,    were    repeated from mouth to mouth, and
copied from book to book, with as
much care as if they   were    the
choicest treasures of human wisdom.   That Europe   should   have
ever emerged from such a state Is
the most decisive proof of the extraordinary energy of Man, since
we cannot even conceive a condition  of society  more" unfavorable
to his progress.    But it is evident
that, Uintil the emancipation    was
effected, the credulity and    looseness of thought which were universal  unfitted men for habits of
investigation  and made it impossible for them to engage in a successful  study   of   past affairs,  or
even  record with accuracy    what
was taking place around  them.*-*-
Buckle, in "History of Civilization"
(published 1857).
Rulers Never Creators
I
The hour has struk—'tis Labor's chance
To rouse and rule the world,
To lead in Scienee's advance,
With one proud flag unfurl 'd—
To point where nations yet shall be,
When war and -greed are dead,
And Love shall stand with Liberty,
And no true heart be bled.
J. K. McDOUGALL.
**••«*
Productivity of Labor
F our workers could only get rid
of the silly notion that they are
born into this world to "work" lt
would be a good thing for them.
If they will reflect upon what happened duri,ng the war, and upon
the way in which a few people engaged in actual productive work,
fed, clothed, housed, and In even-
other way provided for the many
millions withdrawn from useful
labor—and not only provided for
their personal needs, but also supplied them with munitions of war,
at the same time as they kept the
home fires burning—they may begirt) to realize that a working day
of two hours, with Wednesday and
Saturday off each week, would
amply suffice to provide for all the
material needs of mankind In freedom.—The  London   Commonweal.
■T*HE rulers of a country have,
under ordinary circumstances,
always been the inhabitants of
that country; nurtured by Its literature, bred to" its traditions, and
iml.ibi.ng its prejudices. Such men
are, at best, only the creatures of
the age, never its creators. Their
measures are the result of social
progress, not the cause of lt. This
may be proved, not only by speculative arguments, but also by n
practical consideration, which any
reader of history can verify for
himself. No great political improvement, no great reform, either
legislative or executive, has ever
been originated in any country by
its rulers. The first suggesters of
such steps have invariably bce,n
bold and able thinkers, who discern the abuse, denounce lt, and
point out how it is to be remedied.
But long after this is done, even
the most enlightened governments
continue to uphold the abuse, and
reject the remedy. At length, if
circumstances are favorable, the
pressure from without becomes so
strong that the government is obliged to give way; and, the reform
being accomplished, the people are
expected to admire the wisdom of
their rulers, by whom all this has
been done.—Buckle, in "History of
Civilization"  (published 1867).
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TH E PUBLICATION OF
THIS PAPER IS MADE
POSSIBLE BY THE FIRMS
WHICH ADVERTISE IN IT.
WHEN MAKING PURCHASES PATRONIZE THEM
AND   TELL   THEM   WHY. Page Fourteen -
the Canadian l abor advocate
Friday, December; 18,. 18
"Anise" Describes Soviet Ufe *m8BB§_
Opulence and Beggary
Start Winter Classes      Canada's War Legacy
TN RUSSIA the factory and
workshop is the centre of all
organized social life, Miss Anna
Louise Strong, who has just returned from the Soviet Union, told
an audience of Vancouver workers that crowded the Royal Theatre, on Sunday night, last. Not
only, continued the speaker, is
the Russian factory a place where
work is done, but it is also the
plaoe where workers and chll-
drens clubs are established, where
the elections to the city soviet
are held, and also the place where
students are selected for the universities. All students entering
Russian colleges must have the
endorsation of their trade  union.
Miss Strong depicted life in
Russia under the regime of the
Tsar, and told how even the
church was made into an instrument of repression. It used to
be customary for a factory worker who failed to attend church
to be fined 5 kopeks, 3 of which
went as a reward to the, spy who
did  the informing.
During the war, just previous
to the revolution, the exploitation
of women in the factories was
particularly cruel, causing even
the most backward to question the
"divine" origin of their enslavement.
With the coming of the first
revolution (Kerensky) all the
Mensheviks did was talk. Th'e
sole active group trying to do
anything for the workers was the
Bolsheviks.
The speaker then went on to
describe the life of the peasantry
under the old regime, and showed
that to a very large extent ancient patrlarchial institutions . obtained. Frequently three families resided in one home, consisting of the grandparents, their
sons, and their son's son's families. The aged grandfather was
always head of the "family", who
had the right to beat even his
grown up sons. In many cases
the land was insufficient to maintain the group and then extra
land was rented from the lord.
With the coming of the revolution this state of affairs had
been greatly changed. It was no
longer necessary to pay toll to
the revolution, newspapers were
unknown In the peasant village,
but the Communist Party had
organized reading huts, and supplied them with books, newspapers,  etc.
At present, the speaker said,
there still exists a dearth of
schools. In some cases the school
were running three shifts per
day. Teachers were also scarce,
as the old bourgeois teachers objected to learning peasant children, but this diffieulty was gradually being over come as more
teachers were graduating from the
ranks  of  the  workers.
Miss Strong described life in
the children's colony, with which
she is connected—John Reed Children's Colony, on the Volga. With
the money collected on her last
trip to America they had built
a school clubroom, and now efforts were being made to establish an American Vocational
School, for giving technical training.
A total collection of $182.75
was taken up at the two meetings
which Miss Strong addressed in
the Royal Theatre. The total expenditures amounted to $75, leaving a balance of $107.75, which
will be forwarded directly to the
John Reed Children's Colony on
the Volga,
C. L. P. Activities
On Sunday night next, Mr. H.
H. Waddington, of the British
Labor Party, who has just arrived dn this country, will speak at
the Canadian Labor Party's open
forum in the Royal Theatre*, on
"Economic and Social Tendencies
in Great Britain". The meeting
will begin at 8 p.m.
The C. L. P. Choir meets on
Wednesday night at 8 p.m. in the
Sprott Shaw Building. Ladies especially invited  to   attend.
Montreal Workers Seek
Old-Age Pension Bill
MONTREAL — Efforts will be
made by the Montreal Trades and
Labor Council to have the Provincial gavernment ratify an old
age  pension  scheme.
Last meeting of the Council en-
dersed an executive recommendation that the Secretary be instructed to circularize all members of the provincial legislature
asking them to endorse the decision of the last International Labor Conference at Geneva re
workmen's compensation, and that
a commission be appointed to
put   the   measure   into   operation.
Bonne delegates attacked the recommendation of the executive
on the ground that but little
headway was ever made by "sending delegations to interview the
government, what was wanted
was more direct, energetic activity on thei part of the workers
themselves.
Summerland Local F. L. P., has
drawn up a very interesting schedule for the winter months and the
meetings have been very Interesting and instructive. The programme is as follows:
I?ec. 14 Man   and  the  Machine....
  Jack Logie
Dec. 21 Social  Evening 	
Jan.    4 Business  Meeting  	
Jan.   11 Co-operation ....A. J. Beer
Jan.  18 Social	
Jan.  25 Evolution of the State	
  W. Simpson
Feb.    1 Business Meeting 	
Feb.    8 Working Class Education
   Jack  Logie
Feb. 15 Social   	
Feb, 22 Labor's   Attitiide   Toward
Religion   Mrs. Ingles
Mar.    1 Business Meeting 	
Mar.   8 Evolution   of   Languages
and Names  A. J. Beer
Mar. 15 Social   	
Mar. 22 Psychology of Labor  	
  Jack Logie
Mar. 29 Man and Superman 	
 J. L. Martin
Plans are already under way for
next year's Summer School which
will be held from August 15 to 29.
and for the definite launching of
the College. The favorable weather has enabled the workers to
make many improvements to the
grounds and equipment and new
projects are being contemplated
In addition to the regular Monday meeting a class in public
speaking has been organized and
meets  every  Friday night.
MONTREAL:—Canada has broken practically ever promise made
to the men who fought in the
Great War, declared Lieut.-Col,
R. L. Calder, M. C„ addressing a
big gathering of ex-service men
"If the fifty thousand men who
fell arose from their graves I
would not like to be the ruling
powers in this country and say,
'We have kept faith,' Monuments
and tablets have been erected all
over the country to honor the
dead and gratify the .pride of the
donors, but for the widows and
orphans of the fallen, and the
maimed men, little enough has
been done."
About th* time Calder, one of
Canada's most famous lawyers,
was saying this, Clifford Lipton,
former Federal Minister of Interior, was tolling an Ontario audience "that 50 per cent of Canada's soldiers who fought in the
war, had, on their return, to
choose between migrating to the
United States or becoming recipients   of   public  charity."
Vet the war produced in Canada a flne crop of millionaires.
Unity Call Causes
Furor in Montreal
Many politicians of our time are
in the habit of laying it down as
a self-evident proposition that no
people ought to get free until they
are flt to use their freedom. The
maximum is worthy of the fool
in the old story who resolved not
to go into the water until he had
learned to swim. If men are to
wait for their liberty till they become wise and good in slavery,
they may indeed wait forever.—
Macaulay.
Stay at the
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161 Hastings  Street West Sey.  1870
"BAT IT WITH fLOWERS"
MONTREAL—Trade union unity is causing quite a furor here.
The reoent conference of the
Quebec section of the Canadian
Labor Pai-ty adopted a resolution, the latter portion of which
reads: <
That in the opinion of this
convention one of. the strongest
bulwarks of world peace would
be the unification of the international trade union movement
on a world wide Scale In an all
embracing trade union Internationale, along the lines proposed
by the British and Russian trade
union   mavements."
The Montreal Trades Council,
which is affiliated to the C. L. P.,
discussed the question at its last
meeting, certain delegates taking
the stand that the Communists
and Reds had slipped something
over on them.
President Foster stated that
he was not opposed to a single
trade union Internationale, but
the Ottawa meeting of the Trades
Congress had refused to have
anything to do with It. and the
C. L. P. hald no right to try and
commit the Council to taking a
stand on tho question. In his
opinion it was a question for
Europe and not for North America. When Europe had dt-ctfleci
On the matter it would be time
enough for this country to consider  it.
Delegate Spence in reply pointed out that in reality it was Russia! the delegates objected to,* and
not to the subject matler of the
resoluion   itself.
The matter was (inally dispos.ed
of by the Council "receiving the
report" which Mr. Foster, president of the Council, said, "did
not in any way commit the Coi'n-
dil to the views of the Canadian
Labor Party."
Meantime a number of workers
aro .iscusslng the trade union
unity who otherwise mighlt not
have heard  of it.
Fear Red Nest Exists
In Toronto University
(By Federated Press)
TORONTO—The Financial Post
of Toronto is having editorial fits
because Prof. Sidney Fay, the dominion's most distinguished Historical authority, declared in College Assembly hall:
"The prosecution of Communists is, I believe, both silly and
dangerous. Russia's biggest accomplishment has been to produce a great realist in Lenin."
Send ln your subscription today.
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ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
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PELEG HOWLAND President        A. E. PHIPPS, Gen. Mgr. j
O Heavens, if we saw an army
ninety thousand strong, maintained and fullv equipped, in continual real action and battle a-
gadnst Human Starvation, against
Chaos, Necessity, Stupidity, and
our real "natural ememles," what
business   it were!—Thomas Carlyle.
HEAD OFFICE-TORONTO
f.       VANCOUVER—J. M. LAY, Manager
BRANCHES:
FAIRVEEW: K. ANDERSON, Manager
HASTINGS AND ABBOTT ST.: F. B. THOMSON, Manager ,'December 18; 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Fifteen
rip the Miners of Alberta
Now on Trial
|>RONTO.-=v Counsel refuses to continue unless we have
tomorrow morning.  Twenty-six defendants and six-
sses must have board and room in Calgary.   Wire
or $1,000 if possible."
LThe above appeal was received recently by the head
[ce of the Canadian Defense League, in Toronto, from the
who were arrested in the coal miners' strike in Alberta
summer, and who are now facing trial in Calgafy.   The
bnt of the League's treasury at the time the appeal was,
eived was $200, and this sum was immediately forwarded,
the promise to send more,
/The appeal itself requires little comment.   These workers
I* in difficulty because they refused a wage cut and fought
[maintain a decent standard of living for their wives apd
idren. ^    : *,,... .
The League appeals to workers, and working-class organ-
Uons in Canada, to rally to the assistance of their fellow-
jkers in Alberta.   They are without means of support and
|d all the help they can get.
Send all donations to Florence distance, Secretary-Treas-
Canadian Defense League, 211 Milverton Blvd., Toronto,
uio. s
Iberta Miners Sent to Jail
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
FOOT OF COLUMBIA AVENUE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Phone Seymour 2988
COAL
BUILDING MATERIAL, IRON, STEEL, ETC.
J.LGARY,  Alta.— Twenty-three
|men and  boys,  and  one  wo***
^frei-e a^rainged ** in  criminal
j-t   here,*   on   charges   arising
of  the  Drumheller  strike  of
summer.   These charges were
[urn divided into 12 cases, be-
Judge Boyle.
the first case 8 men were
kged with unlawful assembly,
fw-ere found guilty, and 2 dis-
cged because of Insufficient
fence. Five of the convicted
received the maximum sen-
^e—one year in Lethbridge
The other received six
[iths suspended  sentence.
the second case six boys were
S-ged  with  "watching  and  being,"  (picketting)  for the pur-
of   compelling   the   owners
fhe A.  B.  C. mine at  Drum-
er to employ members of the
Deer   Miner's   Union,   only,
with   besetting  certain  men
the   purpose   of   preventing
|n from working at the aame
six were found guilty, .-6 of
received two months in
Abridge jail, while the sixth
Ribert Renners, the boy who
t shot in the baok by the po-
during the strike, received
months suspended sentence.
,_e remainder of the cases will
Up   early. In   January.
i—\e two cases that have been
I'd   peremptory   no   challenges
allowed   the    defense,    al-
pgh the Crown was allowed to
and In the flrst case exer-
|d this right.   In the entire jury
|el  but  one man was a  labor
and   he. was  challenged  by
| Crown.    All  the others were
ess men and retired farmers
the  Grain  Exchange.
liis    point    was     particularly
jssed by the Defense lawyer in
(address to th© jury, when he
"This  is a class jury.  You
I belong to a different class
these   boys.    There ; is   not
f their class on this jury."
he    nationality    question    and
| citizenship  of the  defendents
dragged  into   the  case,   but
j questions   were   asked   Jesse
Ige, manager of the A.  B.  C.
le,   about   his   nationality,   al-
Tigh he Is bf German  descent,
were  the  scabs  asked  as to.
Rriinatlonality.-
pfforts  were  made  to  connect
Toung    Communist    League
i   the   case,   and   an   attemipt
also made to~prove that the
Deer Miner's Union was of a
tolutionary   character,    directed
Moscow.
he  usual  array   of operators,
npany. officials, and police were
; ln order to help secure a
verdict   of  guilty. /
The Judge allowed very few
points of law or objections to
questions, and almost invariably
sustained   the (prosecution.
In some of the remaining cases
to come uip no jury trial will be
allowed, the Judge ruling that
these are cases of assault and obstruction of police, and that this
oomes. within the provisions of
the North West Territories Act
of 1874.
About fifty people are involved
in these oases as defendents and
witnesses. The postponing of
some of the cases until January
has added to the expenses. Several of those who have been sentenced are married men with
ohildren. Already some $3,B00
has 'been spent by the defense,
and it will require $10,000 more
to   see   the   other   cases  through.
More funds are urgently needed to help defend these working
class fighters.
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NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
Chicago Workers Seek
Higher Rate of Wages
(By Federated Press.)
CHICAGO.—Wage demands bulk
large in the week's grist of Chicago
.labor news, Typographical No. 16
has requested the Chicago Newspaper Association to reduce* the 7%
hour day now in force to a straight
7-hour day or 42 a week, with 39
hours for the third shift on dog
watch. All shifts are to havo 45
mdnutes for lunch with pay. An increase of wages to $68 a week for
day men will probably be asked.
The present rate is $58.10, expiring
May 22.
City fire fighters organized in
the Firemen's Association of Chicago, an A. F. of L. organization,
are asking for a flat $300 a year
raise to be met by making the big
tax dodging corporations come
across. The basic pay for firemen
is now $2200 a year. City engineering employes also want a raise.
Five national railroad unions are
contracting movements for pay
raises in Chicago where the U. S.
rail labor board sits. While the
demands formulated toy general
chairman, in conference require
membership approval in some instances it is expected that practically uniform demands for restoration of the 1920 work wage scale
will be pushed. The unions are the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of Locomotive
Fireman & Enginemen, Order of
Railway Conductors, Brotherhood
of Railroad Trainmen and the
Switchmen's Union of North Am-,
erica.
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525 Seymour St, Vancouver,
B. C. Page Sixteen
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
i
Friday, December 18, l^j
fj
The Menace of the Ku Klux Klan
pOSTERITY mny yet concede its
gratitude to the labor press of
this city for the fearless stand it
hus taken in opposition to thc
newly introduced "thrill from the
land of thrills," the Ku Klux Klan.
It is true to a certain extent, that
altogether loo much publicity hns
boon given to its formation. But
lie that as it may, unless whut hus
to bei said is said at its inception,
the movement is likely to assume
proportions that may give serious
trouble later. There appears to
be a tendency to treat the matter
with ridicule and contempt, and it
must be admitted that there are
good and sufficient reasons for doing so.
It must be remembered that
many organizations have been
treated as a joke when started.
Our own movement, the labor
movement was first treated with
contempt and ridicule, but it has
grown nevertheless to a position
of world-wide importances Who
knows but that the new movement
which has come into being in our
midst, may also travel the same
route from, ridicule to universal
recognition. Because a newly born
ba.be is unable to use a blacksmiths hammer, is no reason for
doubting that it may be able to do
so later. For that reason, while it
may seem painful to some, the
writer thinks that .discussion on
the subject should not only be
continued, but continued in all
seriousness. Months back it was
mooted in certain quarters of tne
city that the octopus was about
to reveal itself. This occurred
about the time the Janet Smith
agitation was at its height, whe-
. ther or not there was any connection with that incident one is
at a loss to know. But now that
it has made its appearance it is
well for us to make a study of it.
Tlie Ku Klux Ad.
The writer has before him the
half page advertisement published
in a recent issue of the Province,
and which purports to give the
objects and purposes of the or-.
ganization. It is clothed in such
obstruse phraseology that makes
it as great a collection of misleading and contradictory statements as ever was printed in the
English language.
In the samo paragraph as it
preaches the brotherhood of man,
it maintains the supremacy of
the white race. Up fact throughout its entire barbed-wire verbiage ,the whole document reeks
with  racial  hatred.
It is strong in its faith in the
Bible of the "Pilgrim Fathers,"
vhich tends to show that in importing this outfit from the
United States it has forgotten to
leave its phraseology behind.
According to them, the Koran
and other books that are believed
in by British subjects in India
and other parts of the British
Empire must be discarded, as
must also sueh scientfic works
that differ with the theories of
the Bible. The Bible is the only
religious book to be read, and
Protestantism the only religion
to be believed in, to be a citizen
of this "invisible empire," which
is claimed by them to be the
greatest organization in the world.
We might conclude from this that
the British Empire comes second.
When we recollect that the Protestant ^aith holds a minority position numerically in the Christian religion, it goes to show the
hollowness of this with their
other claims. It' says: "the Ku
Klux Klan has many enemies, so
has the church." What church?
There are many other churches
that this supreme "white race"
who they are sworn to defend,
are members of.
Religion in Schools
They advocate the return of
the Bible to the public schools as
a "remedy for the Imported evils
which threaten the moral life of
(By JOHN PICKENSHOVEL)
our nation." Well, it so happens
that the "land of thrills" where
this public imposition emanates
from and where the Bible ls read
more than any other book, has
more crimes, and in fact enough
"evils" to export to other places
than in countries like India where
the Bible is read by a very small
portion of the population. In
fact, they tell us tliat so many of
the other books are so powerful
for evil "that if they take hold
of them and remove them from
the schools, it has created the
friendship of every patriotic citizen." We have been led to believe that the school is one of
the "institutions" established by
our Anglo-Saxon fathers and
which they are sworn to preserve,
yet they propose" to invade public
property and remove the books
placed there by regularly constituted authority. Yet in spite of
this suggestion, the provincial legislature votes down a resolution
condemning such an organization.
A Klansman's Honor
In describing the Klansman, it
is claimed that "his honor is
above suspicion." Well, if that is
so, why is it necessary for him
to conceal his identity by the use
of a hood? He is sworn to protect the weak from oppression by
the strong. It is not so long ago
that we read of a case in one of
the middle states, where the same
hooded knights removed a defenceless old woman from the
sanctity of her home and took
her to a secluded place and tried
to force her to disclose the whereabouts of her husband—very
strange behavior for men "whose
honor is above suspicion."
"A Klansman is sworn to uplift
the human race," we are told.
According to accounts, quite a
number of people in the United
States were "uplifted" by these
benefactors—uplifted on a rope to
a tree. By the time they "uplift"
the whole human race they will
have completed quite a job.
They are also going *to see to'
it that the immigration laws will
prevent the admission of all "undesirable aliens." Should any
freethinkers and atheists, Socialists and Communists ever land in
Canada, they will very speedily
be deported by orders of the authorities at Shaughnessy Heights.
It is very significant that the parliament buildings for this "invisible empire" should be at Shaughnessy Heights, a place made notorious by the Janet Smith scandal and a district held to be beyond suspicion by our alleged
representatives at Ottawa and
Victoria. .
Sound In Mind?
It is also significant, if not amusing, that in the same district
where these gentry write the laws
giving "supremacy to thij white
race," the majority of the domestic and other employees are Orientals. Its "citizens" are supposed
to be "sound in mind," yet he is
supposed to sign his own death
warrant in the form of the "Application for citizenship" when he
swears that he will willingly accept "whatever penalty your authority may impose." If the weak
are to be protected, there is a
good case of weakness for protection. The public and its servants have also room to be protected if they allow this outfit to
run wild..
It is reported that the klan has
already invaded the provincial
legislature. Yet some of the members claim that they are impotent
to deal with it. The government
will even allow these people to
enter the country as "tourists."
Wouldt they allow a Communis
or other radical to enter the
country as a "tourist"? It is
highly questionable.
When Frank Browne, the labor
member for Bur,naby introduces a
simple resolution opposing this
organization   the   house   votes   tt
down because it considers itself
impotent. There are none so impotent as those who will not act,
and it goes to show that this embryo empire has stronger support
among our alleged representatives
than was originally thought. To
be consistent they ought to dissolve the house and retire to the
new government house at
Shaughnessy Heights where resides the rest of the human race
"uplifters."
A government is supposed to
have power. If the present government is powerless to act or
will not use what power it has
to curb this movement, then it
should resign its position so that
the people who are supposed to
be supreme will have an opportunity to elect a government that
will act and act promptly before
this "Invisible empire" takes from
the people what little liberty they
have.
INDIAN VILLAGE
RAVISHED WITH
FIRE AND SWORD
TN Rajputana, in Central India,
on the borders of Alwar and
Jaipur States, there took place in
the end of May a serious shooting
affair, when .according to the
version of the state authorities,
three were killed and four were
wounded.
The trouble arose under extraordinary circumstances, which
have only just become known.
Its origin was the Increase of the
land tax. Long famines have undermined ' the Indian villagers'
prosperity ,and any increase bears
hard upon the poverty-stricken
agriculturists.
Protest Meetings
They held protest meetings,
sent representatives to the state
authorities, and some time ago
the Maharaja—who represented
the Indian Princes at the Imperial Conference of 1923—sent a
commission of inquiry. It met
the leaders, discussed the situation and returned. The people
thought that something tangible
woilld come out of this.
The most extraordinary incident then occurred, reports the
"Kesari," a leading Swarajist organ of Poona. Some days later,
without a warning, one company
of the Imperial Service Troops of
the state, armed with the Inspector-General of Police and the
Sessions Judge in charge of the
division, went to the village, took
charge of the main water supply
and arrested the leaders.
Fired on the Crowd
On signs of protest from the
people, the military fired on the
crowd and they dispersed in the
neighboring jungles. The houses
were set on fire and the whole
place practically burnt down. The
military being in charge of the
water, nothing could be done to
save the houses. It is stated that
dead bodies were either burnt or
otherwise disposed of in the forests near by.
The editor ot the "Pratap" of
Cawnpore, having heard of this
incident, sent a representative to
Nimuchana, the scene of the firing, but the state authorities prevented his reaching the spot.
Other influential Indians -have
since tried to get some light
thrown on this extraordinary affair, but, so far, the only response
has been a report from an official
commission, which declares that,
under the leadership of agitators,
these villagers were arming to
rise against the state.
This reports admits that the
cottages were burnt down, but
offers tlie remarkable explanation that they were set on fire
by the old-fashioned muzzle-loading weapons with which the villagers are declared to have opened fire on the military.
l
Morrison Steel
& Wire Co., Ltd.
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General Contractors
REINFORCED CONCRETE and
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Phones: Seymour 8585 and 8586
Suite 5, Fairfield Building     445 Granville St
Vancouver, B.C. \
-THE-
Davies Paper Box Co.
LIMITED
VANCOUVER, B.C. .Friday, December 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seventeen
l Labor Universities In Russia
(By SCOTT NEARING, Federated Press.)
/"HARKOV,  Russia. — "Uulversi- "There   are   three   landmarks,"
*■  ties   train   the   generals   and Ri&PPo    concluded.    "Aristocrats,
•ther high officers who command 1^li*   64  Per  cent-   of  university
he affairs of modern society.   If students;    small    business   men's
he workers ever expect to take children,  1920,  70 per cent.; and
bntrol  of the  world  they  must in 1926> workers and peasants, 66
ive their leaders trained In the Per oent-   That shows the swing
inlversltles." °*f  the   pendulum.    The   workers
This ls the educational proposl. and peasa"ts of Ru8Bla have Ntak"
;lon told down  by Jean Riappo, Z economlc and politloal P°wen
.hairman of the higher education ™*lr. sons f** aauehter8' ln fhe
committee of the Ukraine. Rtappo t^hnical schools and universities.
lupports his contention by point-
ng out that ln czarist days there
pere three kinds of schools in
Russia, the common schools for
.he children of workers and peas*
are learning the art of using that
power for the benefit of themselves and their children."
Riappo  smiled.     "You,   In   the
United  States,"   he   said,   "accuse
fnts, the high schools for the us o£ bein6 undemocratic in our
hildren of the little business men education. Undemocratic? Per-
and the universities and technical haPs> Dut we are also wise. We
ichools for the aristocracy and are safeguarding the workers' re-
the masters of industry. This Publio h* seeing that the work-
iystem produced an ignorant ers Set the training necessary to
working class and a highly train- Protect their own interests. That
sd  ruling class  of  landlords  and   means   university   education,   and
we propose that the workers keep
what they have gained by learning how to use their power efficiently."
capitalists.
In Czarist Dnys
In 1913-14 the universities and
.echnical schools of Russia confined 64 per cent, aristocrats
md children of the big business
ten, 30 per cent, children Of
imall business men, 4 per cent,
■hildren  of  peasants   (who  made
MAN AND MACHINE
1VJAN is made for something bet-
_.,,      _, ,      .  _      _, ter than disturbing dirt.    All*
Up over four-fifths o   Russia) and  work of that kjn(J Bhom be done
of-children   of   the
per   cent
vorkers.
'Universities gave' the training
;o the class in power,
irgues, "and this training was a
;reat source of strength to the
Ftussian rulers. The universities
-ere a big element in maintaining a czarist dictatorship."
After the 1917 Revolution
by  a  machine.    A,nd  I  have  no
doubt that it will be so.
__.r Up   to   the   present,   man   has
iviappo   been^   to  a    certaln    extent,  the
slave of machinery, and there is
something tragic in the fact that
as soon as man had invented a
machine to do his work, he began
to starve. This, however, is, of
course, the result of our property
Then   eame  the   revolutions   of  system of competition.
'917.     By   1918   there   were   no     0ne man owns a machine which
ristocrats   left   in   the   unlversi-   does   the   work  of   five   hundred
men.    Five hundred men are,  in
consequence,  thrown   out   of em-
ies, but in their places the chil
Iran   of   the   new-rich   class   of
lusiness men made up the great   payment, and, having no work to
tody of university students. In
1920, 70 per cent, of all Russian
University   students   belonged    in
bis class.
do, become hungry and take to
thieving. The one man secures
the produce of the machine and
keeps   it,   and   has   five   hundred
"Here was a real danger.    The „ times as much as he should have,
Porkers  and   peasants   of  Russia and  probably,  which is of much
lad taken possession of the econ- more  importance, a    great    deal
jfmlc machinery and of the gov- more than he really wants. Were
[rnment, but the training for the that machine the property of all,
icercise    of    power    was    being every   one   would   benefit   by   it.
iiven,    not   to   the   children    of It would  be  an  immense advan-
jrorkers and peasants, but to the tage to the community.
Ions   and   daughters   of   business A11    unlnteiiectual    labor,     all
lien.    We  were  threatened  with monotonous, dull labor, that deals
lie   same   danger   that   overtook
Bermany—a   dictatorship   of   the
few-rich business class."
Training Workers
with dreadful things, and involves
unpleasant oonditions, must be
done by machinery. Machinery
must work for us in coal mines,
' Riappo continued:  ''We had to   and   do  all sanitary service,  and
|ct quickly. Workers were not
jpady to enter the universities,
fhey could not get ready, offi-
Hally,   as  they   had   never   gone
be the stoker of steamers, and
clean the streets, and run messages on wet days, and do anything that is tedious and distres-
ven    through    the    elementary sing.
bhools. So we created the work- At present machinery competes
ts' faculties (rabfacs); sent the against man. Under proper con-
fien there direct from the fac- ditions machinery will serve man.
pries and in three or four years There is no doubt at all that this
lad them ready for the univer- is the future of machinery, and
|ty courses. Some of these fac- just as trees grow while the country, workers did their eight try gentleman Is asleep, so will
lours in the shop and then did humanity be amusing itself, or
pur or more hours In school, enjoying cultivated leisure, which,
Ive evenings a week. In other and not labor, is the aim of man
pses their unions paid their way —or making beautiful things, or
[trough the rabfacs and the men reading beautiful things, or sim-
|_ve (full time to study. ply contemplating the world with
At the same timevwe built up admiration and delight, machinery
system of technical schools ia will be doing all the necessary
e factories and in the industrial and unpleasant work.—Oscar
Inters.    Today,   in  the  Ukraine, Wilde.
per  cent,  of the  students  in —	
lese   technical   schools   are   the
lildren of workers and peasants.
Workers' Education Increase
CASUALTIES OF INDUSTRY
LONDON.*—No fewer than 198
workers, exclusive of seamen, were
"Between the rabfacs and thesa ki*flea* in the mines, railways and
clinical schools we have solved fact0ries of Britain during the
i- university- problem.    In  1920  month of Seipte,mber.
In  addition,   46  British  seamen
here were only a few more chil-
the month.
ren, of workers and peasants in  lost theh. ,ive_ on the seas during
(ie universities than there were
1917. By 1924, 24 per cent.
If the university students were
J-om peasant families and 18 per
lent, from workers' families.    In
By itself, capital is inert.    It Is
dead labor which can revive only
925  workers and  peasants made   T_y sucking, vampire-like, the blood
|p 66 per cent, of the university   of  living  labor,   and  which  lives
fudent body.    This fall the  per  and thrives with all the more vigor
ont. is about 6B per cent. *    the more blood it absorbs.—Marx.
Bottled la Bond under
CANADIAN
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Government of British Columbia
J. P. HODGSON
W. 0. MARBLE
HODGSON, KING & MARBLE
CONTRACTORS
 and—:	
ENGINEERS
Vancouver
Victoria
ipOR us the year 1925 passes into history with crowded evidences of
substantial progress.   We have made many new friends, while, we
believe, retaining the confidence and goodwill of the old.
To our many friends we say with all sincerity,
MAY THIS CHRISTMAS BE THE HAPPIEST
YOU HAVE EVER ENJOYED /
-AND-
THE NEW YEAR BRIGHT AND PROSPEROUS
THE WALLACE FOUNDRY CO., LTD.
Industrial Island, Vancouver, B.C. Page Eighteen
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 18, 1925
Murdock Will Explain
Canadian "Lemon" Act
Unrest In New Zealand
(By  Federated Press)
WASHINGTON:—At about this
time of year, when Congress is
getting back to work, Washington
is annually visited by a series of
national conventions, congresses
and conferences of business men
who know precisely what they
want. They hire a hall, engage
ths secretary of commerce, the
secretary of the treasury and the
secertary of labor for speeches,
and sail In to re-establish "less
government in business, and more
business  in  government."
Por example, there is the convention of the American Mining
Congress, due to open its barrage
wjith discussions of taxes, wages,
trustification  and  other problems.
How mine companies should
treat labor" is the theme of Secretary of Labor Davis, S. D. War-
riher of the anthrancite operators'
cambine, Harry N. Taylor of the
bituminous operators, and former
Minister of Labor Murdock of
Canada. Murdock will explain
the Canadian compulsory investigation law covering industrial
disputes. Davis will tell how he
has tried to adjust mine strikes
fn the past four years—a story
that could be ruly recited in
about twenty-five words. Then
Warriner, who is largely responsible for the present lockout of
the anthracite miners, tell of the
greed of the coal miner and the
long-suffering generosity of the
heroic operator.
After the copper companies
that have smashed the unions and
the coal companies that are now
trying to do so have duly adopted
resolution asking Congress to protect ana encourage their industry,
and after a generous tonnage
levy has been voted, to maintain
their lobby in Washington for the
coming year, the delegates will
disperse. Their hotel rooms will
be taken by thei next set of
business spokesmen who have a
similar  mission.
By W. FRANCIS AHERN (Fed.  Press Staff Correspondent)
YJ/ELLINGTON, New Zealand —  $19.32 for a 40-hour   week,    and
Throughout    New    Zealand
W
0.16 for a 48-hour week.    This
.v,_._   !„ _,,,._.-.• _ii„„    *„„*   „ has just been increased by 2'cents
there is seething discontent among , ,,      .,        ...„_,_.
per hour, making the rates $19.36,
the wage-workers,  organized and
unorganized.    This   discontent    is
$20.24, and $21.12. for a 44, 46 and
__^__^_________^__^^____ 48-hour week respectively, but the
due   to   several    causes-namely, vmkm cannot  get  thla lncrease
economic, insecurity,    bad^ojndi- untll thelr union ^^ it by ap.
tions   of    employment,    and   the plicatlon to the arbitration court.
wages now  being paid not being
sufficient to maintain a fair stand
ard of living.   Added to the   fore*
Recently the New Zealand Alliance of Lahor demanded a commission to go into the question of
going, there are the conditions of pi.ovldlng a hlgher basi0 wage| but
employment . Ifi   many industries the g0Vernme|pt refused to appoint
there has been no improvement in the oommlsslon< co„tending that a
the conditions of employment for highel. ^ wage wa_ nof-permls.
a number of years,
The primary cause of the Indus*
sable—that   industry   could    not
carry lt.    Since arbitration seems
trial discontent at the present time to have failed them badly, the New
is the low basic wage.   It cannot Zealand workers are devoting more
be expected of a worker to be con- attention to the question of organi-
tented when he  fiflids  that  after' zation on industrial lines,  feeling
working the whole week round he SUre that when industrial organi-
cannot buy a sufficient amount of zation completely   displaces   craft
the necessities of life for his wife organization they will secure some
and children.   The basic wage rate improvement in their economic po-
is  $18.48   for  a    4 4-hour    week, sitlori.
World Protest Saved        Pacifist's Message Much
Rakosi From Gallows    Too Hot For Christians
Sell Shares in State
Police Advisory Board
(By  Federated  Press)
CINCINNATI-.—Ohio, the battleground for state police lobbyists and their hitherto victorious
opponents, is being combed by a
New York cash-and-carry gang
calling itself the Publicity Bureau
for State Police inc. By Patient
use of the telephone books in
Cincinnati, Cleveland, Toledo, Columbus and other cities, the state
police agitators are seeking from
their New York offices at 2126
Broadway to separate every Ohio
citizen of means from $50. In
return for his $50 the Ohio gentleman becomes a member of
"our honorary advisory board,"
as chairman Charles M. Averill
puts it in his come-on letter.
Strikes and radicalism — by
which any labor activity is meant
—are given as urgent reasons
for supporting the state police
propagandists.
"We are engineering an important drive to sell state police to
the entire nation," the $50 selling
letter says. "Thirty-three states
have no state police have no state
police whatever and 16 states
about   half   enough."
An additional function of the
state troopers is specified as acting
"effectively in case of war or a
radical outbreak."
CHICAGO, 111.—The world protest against the latest intended
murder debauch of the Horthy
government of Hungary has saved
the lives—at least for the present— of Mathias Rakosi and over one hundred members of the
independent Socialist Party who
were arrested with him.
Rakosi was People's Commissar
in the short lived Workers Republic of Hungary. After the return of the capitalist government
Rakosi was arrested and sentenced to death. He was saved however through the intercesion of
Russia and exchanged for Hungarian prisoners in the hands of
the  Russian  army.
When Rakosi returned to Hungary to aid in reorganizing the
trade unions* he was re-arrested
and charged with treason. He
was to be tried by court martial
and exetcuted within a few hours
after sentence was passed.
A storm of protest that swept
around the world drove terror
into the heart of the Hangman
Horthy. When Rakosi finally appeared for trial the court martial
declared itself incompetent to sit
in judgment on the defendant.
(By Federated Press)
CLEVELAND.—Not one Cleveland church would allow Wilfred
Wellock, English pastor and pacifist to speak in its confines. Wellock, a member of the British
Labor party who spent two years
in prison during the world war
for his refusal to bear arms, was
barred because he declares that
"the only way to stop war is to
quit   fighting."
He is appealing to individuals
to refuse to shoot down their fellow men and ridicules placing*
confindence in governments to
avoid war. Although nearly every Cleveland preacher declares
he advocates peace, it was felt
that Wellock's message bordered
too much on treason to be heard
in  a church  of Jesus.
Of all the classes that stand
face to face with the bourgeoisie
to-day, the proletariat alone is
a really revolutionary class. The
ofher classes decay and finally
disappear in the face of modern
industry; the proletariat is its
special and essential product.—
Karl  Marx.
Demand Investigation
Of Jap Deportations
SALEM, Ore.—The Japanese
government has demanded an official investigation of the deportation of Japanese sawmill laborers from Toledo, Ore., last summer. Unemployment was a factor. The $125,000 damage suit
filed by the Japanese against several Toledo citizens will be tried
In the Federal court at Portland.
White , men have been doing
the work ever since the deportation. Company officials had
charged that whites were unwilling to do the work and Japanese
had therefore  been  employed.
Between robbery and monopoly
the difference appears very Bruit,
hut lt consists of t*vo .hings. both
of which are quan.'-'titive only.
Tbey are the rulc_es3 and illegal-
It/ ot the former as contrasted
with the civllltv and legality of
th*» latter. The princiole of a pro-
c<"!ure is not changed by mollifying the method. The motive Is
tho same.—Ward.
Send in your subscription today.
BRITANNIA MINING AND
SMELTIN8 CO., LIMITED
__
Mining and Concentration
of Ores
6-3
BRITANNIA BEACH, B. C.
Pearson Wire
and Iron Works
Late City Market Building
B. PEABSON, Manager
Architectural and Ornamental
Iron Works
Wire Workers and Weavers
2105-15 ALBERT STREET
Phone Highland 2610
Vanconver, B.C.
-THE—
Victoria & Vancouver
Stevedoring Company
Limited
General Stevedores
and Contractors
Doing Business in All
British Columbia Ports
300 ALEXANDER STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
British Ropes
(Canada) Ltd.
173 WEST CORDOVA ST.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
GEO. CRADOCK & CO. Ltd.
D. H. & G. HAGGIE Ltd.
HAGGIES BROS. Ltd.
BULLIVANT & CO., Ltd.
CALEDONIA WIRE ROPE WORKS Ltd.
CRAVEN & SPEEDY BROS. Ltd.
THOS. & WM. SMITH Ltd.
R. S. NEWALL & SON Ltd.
WM. BROWN (Bankhead) Ltd.
MAKERS OF HIGH-GRADE WIRE ROPES
GEO. S. PETTIPIECE, Man. Director

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