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The Canadian Labor Advocate Aug 7, 1925

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Array -_.
MAMAM
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C i#9ERATI0NIST
-*r
Seventeenth Year.   No. 32
AS'
VANCOUVER, B..C, FRIDAY MORNT^ AUGUST 7, 1925
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
NON-UNION LUMBER
FOR BRITAIN
VICTORIA, B.C.—British Columbia lumbermen are planning
to ship a large quantity of their
scab-produced lumber to Qreat
Britain.
Lumber interests are bidding,on
contracts fbr supplying wooden
houses on a vast scale to British
cities, under the government's
new housing scheme, which Involves the construction of 300,000
frame houses at various points in
the British Isles. Bidding on the
work must be o,n the basis of a
unit of 600 houses.
This lumber, which British union labor will be asked to use, it
being produced under the worn*
conditions imaginable, lien work*?
ing in the camps are not permitted to organize, and if they do sp
are blacklisted and driven out ot
the industry. Those who work ln
the sawmills receive a wage insufficient for them to live upo,n,
most sawmills paying their laborers as much as 25 per*cent. below
the poverty line.
Lumbermen Give Bribe
  ;
Government Report Makes Startling Disclosures
cat
TVHAT   tlie   I. W. W.   receiv
¥2,450 from the Mountain Lumbermen's Association as a result of
tbe logger's strike at Cranbrook,
early last year, is tlie somewhat
startling Information appearing on
page 173 of the annual report o(
the Federal. Department of Labor.
Aa a. result of Intolerable camp
conditions, and. long hours, the
loggers in tbe Cranbrook district
came out on strike ln January,
1924. The majority of the strikers, it was claimed, were members
of the I. W. W. and that body took
"charge of all strike activities.
Finding it impossible to get an
adequate supply of scabs into the
camps owing to the activity of the
Btrike pickets, the lumbermen
served a blanket injunction on the
officers and members of the I.W.W.
restraining them from picketing.
Five days after tl}e injunction was
served it was decided to go back
to work and  "transfer the strike
Xabor' Snob Aids Militarists
A M-REW YOUNG, alleged labor
M. P. for a Glasgow constituency, who trailed across Canada at
tbe heels of Britain's brewery
militarist, Earl Haig, bad lots of
time to preach junker creeds to
ex-soldiers, and display his oratorical abilities before the Canadian
Club, but had no time to pay his
respects to Vancouver's labor representatives—the ollicers of tbe
Trades and Labor Council. In
fact be was so busy pandering to
those wbo fawned upon bim tbat
he didn't even bave time to telephone but got some other hanger-
on to call them up and express
his "deep regrets" that he lacked
tlie time to call around.
This fact was brought to light
at last meeting of the Greater
Vancouver Central Council of the
C. L. P., and the local secretary
was Instructed to communicate the
facts of the case to the Glasgow
labor press.
A letter was read from Ramsay
MacDonald, ex-labor premier, in
reply to a request that he, during
his visit to Canada, deliver a lecture in Vancouver under the auspices of the C. L. F. MacDonald
stated he would be delighted to
speak but was afraid he would be.
Canadian Communists
Arrested in Toronto
TORONTO.—Tim Buck, Industrial organizer for the Communist
Party; Stewart Smith, editor of
the "Young Worker"; Arthur
Jackson and Harvey Murphy, all
members of the Communist Party
and the Young Communist League,
were arrested here last week,
charged with obstructing the sidewalk by holding a street corner
meeting. Meetings have been held
on the same street corner for several months, and have been getting' more and mora popular with
the workers in that quartefl of
the itflty. ;:;.,
When the four accused workers
appeared in court they asked to
have the case laid over for a
week, when a test case involving
the right to hold street corner
meetings will probably take place.
i unable to do so as it would defeat
the object of his tour, which was
complete rest. It will be interesting to watch whether Mac. is sufficiently well to address the Canadian Club on Empire Emigration.
The committee appointed to organize a labor choir and band reported they were making some
progress getting musicians lined
up. The executive were instructed
to arrange for an open forum and
for meetings to be addressed by
the labor candidates selected for
the federal election.
to the job." There the strike
ended so far as the men were concerned. The camp owners took
good care to see that no slowing
down took plaoe.
However, while it may have been
the end of the strike to those who
were toiling ln the camps, as well
as to those who were blacklisted
and chased from pillar to post, it
was not the end of the strike to
the I.W.W. They still had some
irons in the fire.
Some three months later, on
June 24, the injunction came up
for trial only to be settled out of
court by the Mountain Lumber
men's Association paying the
•LW.W. the sum of $2,450. Seven
companies were involved dn the
injunction proceedings, so . it cost
them on an average $360 each—
French Workers Fight
Imperialistic Masters
fa bargain price for a lumber company.
Why "palm grease" should be
accepted by a union in order to
let the boss down easily is a mystery the ordinary trade unionist
has only one solution 'for, but it is
no more of a mystery than, who
got the "kale." Certainly the men
who were on strike and on the
picket line didn't, and local members of the I.W.W. profess to know
nothing of it.
The Vancouver local of the
I.W.W. entirely confines its activities on behalf of the working class
to attempts to break up and discredit all other labor organizations. Apparently someone is being
well rewarded.
When the strike took place the
local I.W.W.'s sent their ballyhoo
agent, J. A. McDonald, to Cranbrook as charge d'affaires, in
which capacity he served during
the greater part of the strike.
Trades Council To
Organize Laborers
A campaign will be inaugurated
by the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council to organize the laborers of the city. A meeting for
this purpose will be held in the
Holden building op August 13th.
This decision was made at last
meeting of the council. The organizing drive which, the council
has conducted this spring and
summer has been exceptionally
successful, a large number of new
members having been enrolled by
local unions.
The Shlpgle Weavers' delegate
reported that their organization
was steadily increasing in strength
and was making good progress.
The city council was strongly
criticized for its attitude towards
day labor in connection with the
laying of water pipes, Delegate
Seribbins charging that the city
engineer added 20 per cent, to the
contract figures and submitted
that as a tender from the city.
A number of resolutions for the
Trades Congress convention were
dealt with.
MOSCOW—(FP)—The Russian
Metal Workers' Union has sent thc
AH-Chinese Federation of Trade
Anions $10,000, which the Soviet
Metal Workers contributed as an
expression of solidarity with the
Chinese people.
Three thousand workers in the
Koltehngin works worked overtime Saturday to donate the extra
earnings.
(By Federated Press.)
PARIS.—There can be little
question of the French workers'
opposition to the war in Morocco,
to judge from the widespread response to the Committee of Action's call for protest conferencest
Some 3500 delegates from working class organizations attended
recent congresses at Paris and
Lille, representing 1,500,000 workers. It was unanimously resolved
to send a deputation to the gov-,,
erjtiment and a commission of enquiry to Morocco.
Besides delegates from the Communist party and the left wing
unions, there were present many
mombers of the Socialist party:
and delegates from the right wing
unions, as well as independent
delegates. The presence of so
many Socialist party members is
especially significant in view of
the fact that the Socialist group
in the chamber of deputies had
supported the government's war
policy. At the last voting of war
credits the Socialists in the chamber refrained from voting, and^
the party has since differed with
the government on the budget.
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
Highlights on Thit
Week's News
CANADIAN Page
Canadian   Farmers   Fight   Immigration     1
Snob Insults  Vancouver  Workers.... 1
Bankers  Farm  Farmers  2
BRITISH
No  Jobs  lor Irish Women      5
Baldwin   Government   Kicks   Unemployed    ~ •—■     1
British   Sailors'   Wages   Slashed      7
AMERICAN
Industry  Blinds  Thousands      1
Anthracite  Miners  to Strike      8
A.   F.   of   L.   to   Launch Insuranco
Company -      8
FOREIGN
French   Workers   Fight   Imperialists     1
Franco-Belgian Unionists Laud Russia           8
Chinese Worker Describes Imperialist   Outrages     . .     8
BRITISH MISRULE IN
INDIA
BOMBAY, India.—A delegation
of Indian coal mine owners recently waited upon Sir Bhupendra
Nath Mitra, a member of the
Viceroy's executive council, in Calcutta, and protested against a
proposal being made by the government that wome,n be prohibited from working in coal mines.
The specious plea put forward
by the mine owners why women
should be allowed to dig coai was
that, should woman labor be withdrawn from the mines, it would
result in a complete breakdown
of the coal industry.
Apparently the mining industry
will remain safe for some time
yet, and. womejn will be forced to
toil alongside their men folks ln
the bowels of a coal mine, because
Mitra assured the delegation that
the government was maintaining
an open mind on the question.
Such are the conditions of the
working class on "Iindia's golden
strands," after several centuries
under the civilizing influence of
the British Union Jack.-
Farmers Fight Immigration
(By Our Prairie Correspondent) ftcmlgrntlon from the land, instead
CASKATOON, Sask.—Sir Henry
*** Thornton, President Beatty of
the O.P.K., Canadian government
officials, cuptalns of industry, and
numerous other gentlemen "of like
social standing, who are looking
for sheep to fleece, may cry to
high heaven for more "immigrants for the land," but members of the Farmers' Union of
Canada have different views on
thi.* mutter. Instead of mure farmers, these practical men, who
know farming as it is, state that
Summer School May
Became Labor College
(By Sydney Warren, Federated
Press   Correspondent.)
WEST SUMMERLAND, B. C—
The Summer School of Social
Science, which will ope*u its third
annual season here August 16th
and continue to August 30th, is
planned to be the forerunner of
a Labor college for British Columbia workers.
Since the first session of the
Summer School, three years ago,
this ideal was ht-id forth, and this
year the interest arousfld in the
school among workers of all
shades of opinion gives promise
that a Labor college for the British Columbia labor movement is
inot an impossibility.
This year the Summer School
will be continued for two weeks
instead of one, as heretofore, and
the syllabus has been increased
to cover every day of that time.
All lectures will take place in the
evening at The Log Cabin, but
there will be Informal morning
classes held daily and in the afternoon a children's hour. The
lectures give*ti will cover economics, the labor movement, .literature, art and music. Following
each lecture there will be time
allotted for discussion and questions.
No charge is made for the tuition, and the classes are open to
all. Tents and sleeping accommodation supplied, but visitors
must bring their own blankets
(Continued on page 4)
of immigration to tlie land, is
what must take place under present farming conditions.
As the Farmer Sees lt
The Farmers' Union of Canada,
which has just completed its convention here, adopted the following resolution on immigration:
"Whereas there is being made
a strenuous effort on the part of
all governments, backed by the
many interests which imagine
they see a monetary advantage
accruing therefrom, to bring immigrants to Canada, regardless of
the fact that such efforts in the
past have failed to stay the emigration to the United States and
elsewhere, which over a period
of twenty years has been larger
tha^i the natural growth of the
population;
"And whereas, due to the
drought and frost of the last crop
year, the benefit of the increased
price hus not been distributed,
leaving many without the visible
means of support;
"And whereas we recognize the
utter folly of bringing into this
country under the present economic conditions immigrants who
from their former environment,
(Continued on page 2)
Much Unemployment
In Ontario District
TORONTO. — Summer usually
brings activity in the labor market here, but the summer Is now
half gone and hundreds of mon
are calling daily at the Ontario
government employment office
looking for jobs.
This is a bad year for unskilled
labor. There is little construction
work being done, and the lumber
camps in Northern Ontario are
not taking on moiii. There were
891 new registrations for work in
Toronto last week. Unskilled labor had better pass up Toronto
this fall. It is claimed thut some
thirty people daily are obtaining
permits in Toronto from the U. S.
consul to take up residence in the
States. Pago Two
THS CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, August 7,1925
A Page for the Man on the Land
U. S. Farmers Made In
Past Year Only $649
WASHINGTON. —- The department of asriculture has made an
analys.s of "'th'e Income of the far-
mers during this past year of
much advertised prosperity. The
statement starts., out by saying
that the grosS income for the
year ending June,. 30, 1925, was
nearly a billion dollars larger
tiiap in the previous year, and
the net income was something
like $725,000,000 larger.
But way down at the bottom of
the report the, analyst gets down
tto cases and shows what the net
result to the individual farmer
amounts to. "The average net
income per. operator, including all
farmers, amounted to only $876
in 1924-1925, compared with $764
the preceding year, and covers returns qp the farmer's equity ini
his farm. ..,*  ,v .
"If a conservative! rate (4.5 per
cent, and what investor is content
with that rate today?) of return
for the operators'_ net capital investment is deducted from the net
income, the return for the operator's labor and management and
for the labor of his family was
only $649 in 1924-1925, aflid $531
in  1923-1924.
"The average wage for hired
farm labor was $569, compared
with the return of $649 for the
labor of the farmer and his family."
Decide Locally Upon
Wheat Harvest Wages
FREDERICK, S. D. — Farmer-
Labor club held a special meeting
on July 26th for the purpose of
establishing a uniform wage scale
for harvest and threshing In the
neighborhood.
A good number of workers and
farmers were present, and after
considerable discussion a committee of six was elected, three farmers and three workers, to settle
the matter. Their decision, adopted by the meeting, was as follows:
Harvest wages, 42 1-2 cents per
hour,
Threshing wages, 45 cents per
hour to  pitchers.
Above wages' to include board
and lodging, courteous treatment
and comfortable living conditions.
Workers Put in Cold
Storage Until Harvest
r
SASKATOON.—-Bounteous crops
may be predicted for this part of
the country, but prosperity has
not yet descended,, upon that section of the populace condemned
to earn its living by the sweat of
its brow.
A roundup of alleged vagrants
took place at Areola recently, resulting in four sons of toil who
were ip tho unfortunate (or per*
haps •r*-*:-tunate) position of having no master, being;sent to jail
for fifteen days. I By that time
they will be required to work in
the harvest fields, and meantime
will be prevented from drifting
from this vicinity.   * ,.,
Canadian Farmers Are   '
Kept in Bondage By
Finance Capitalists
(By Our Prairie Correspondent.)
(Special to The Advocate.)
KINDERSLEY, Sask.—"I could,
with the power of the finance
capitalist, wipe out the debts of
all prairie farms, give you a
fully equipped farm, with a few
dollars in the bank for good
measure, and by 1930 have you
all in the same economic position
you are now ln, that is 94 per
cent of Saskatchewan farms mortgaged and the farmers up to
their eyes igi debt," A. E. Bolton,
a Kelliher, Sask., farmer told a
body of farmers assembled here
in a meeting on July 29th.
Held Large Meetings
Mr. Bolton recently returned
from Russia, after studying the
economic condition, and system
of agriculture in that country.
Both lectures he delivered here
on "Russia Today" were well attended by local farmers and wage
workers.
European Conditions
After describing conditions in
Germany, France, and England,
he showed by way of contrast
the conditions in Russia. He
asked all to bear in mind the
essential fact that the government
of Russia was entirely a producers' government, of, for, and by
the producing class, and that
anything that was undertaken was
done in the interests of astisfying
some human need, not as we have
it here—production for the profit
of a few. Much information was
given on the monetary question,
the system of social insurance
was highly prasied by Mr. Bolton. "In every field of activity,"
said Mr. Bolton,, "the Russians
aro making good.
A Producers Government
"After investigating conditions
in numerous factories and works
in different parts of the union,
oind after personal talks with
workers and peasants, I have no
hesitation in saying that the Soviet government not only has the
enthusiastic support of the vast
majority of workers and peasants,
but that both these groups look
upon the present government as
essentially their  own."
Returning to our Canadian
problems, Mr. Bolton had some
startling facts to relate, showing
the power of finance capital, as
it operates in the various capitalistic countries today, and showed
the impossibility of prosperity under this system.
For an immediate way out, Mr.
Bolton thought the calling of an
All-West Congress of farmers and
workers to discuss the formation
of an Independent North West
States of the three prairie provinces and B. C, breaking away
from the financial hold of the
East and starting off with a
clean slate, with an administration of producers, instead of a
government of capitalists,
Mr. Bolton urged all present to
realize that the farmer and worker are of the same elass. He appealed to them to work together,
stating that the emancipation of
the producing class must be the
work of the producing class itself.
FARMERS FIGHT
IMMIGRATION
(Continued  from  page  1)
training and education cannot (for
many years to come equal the
present farming population which
is being forced to emigrate:
"Therefore, we, this convention
of the Farmers' Union of Canada,
place ourselves on record as being
utterly opposed to any scheme of
immigration, or the expenditure
of one single dollar to further the
same, until the financial position
of the present farmer is assured.
We believe success in farming to
be the basis of all immigration,
and recognize that if those who
are here be contested, those afar
will come; and we also, on account of what we believe to be
misrepresentations by those interests in spreading the propaganda
of immigration in foreign countries, recognize as a duty, not only
in the true interests of all intending immigrants, but in the
best interests of Canada, to en
deavor to give reliable information about the present situation."
Other Resolutions
Other resolutions dealt with by
the convention included "Freight
Rates," "Monetary Reform,"
"Grain Act," "Hudson's Bay Railway." The latter portion of the
last-named resolution reads:
"Therefore, we, the F. U. of
C, in convention assembled, do
hereby serve notice on the Dominion government, and through
them the sinister influences of
finance and big business, that if
the reasonable demands of the
west, as contained in the presentation of our case by the delegates to Ottawa, representing us
in the On-to-the-Bay movement,
be not granted, the onus of our
future action, mild or drastic, will
rest upon such eastern interests
and the government."
Amalgamation
In connection with the proposal
to amalgamate the Farmers' Union with the Saskatchewan Grain
Growers' Association, it was decided to leave the matter "in
abeyance until the Saskatchewan
Grain Growers' Association has
decided on the same attitude towards farm organizations and
commercial companies as is held
by the Farmers' Union." The
Farmers' Union refuses to accept
cash donations towards the running of its organization, and will
not permit its officers to occupy
seats on the directorates of commercial companies. The policy of
the union still remains to "seek
amalgamation with all other bona
fide dirt farmers." ■
John Stoneman of Mortlach,
Sask., was elected president, and
C. H. Harris of Oyen, Alta., as
vice-president. The constitution
of the Farmers' Union permits no
officer to hold office for more
than two years.
BRISBANE, Australia — (FP)—
In the sugar industry in northern
Queensland many Australians are
refusing to work with immigrants
who work for less than the regular
wages. When the foreigners ask
for the same wages as Australians,
the employers have no further use
for them.
High Wages For City
Workers Aidis Farmers
WASHINGTON.—The agricultural k:pre*ss," ibeordlng to Ethel-
bert Stewart, commissioner of the
United. States -bureau of labor statistics, 'has accepted the theory
that low wages of industrial workers affect the farmers and commerce through lowered consuming power.
"The agricultural press," he
said, "is showing a greater appreciation of the position always
taken by the bureau of labor statistics, that the earnings of the
workers, who constitute the largest numerical element of our population, can not be depressed, nor
the volume of employment decreased, without reacting upon
the whole range of business."
He illustrates his' point by
showing that consumption of butter is related to the volume of
employment.
CLASSIFIED ADS.
American Food Prices
Increasing Steadily
WASHINGTON—(FP) — Official
figures of the department of labor
show that the cost of food and
clothing in 51 American cities has
climbed each year from 1922 to
the present. The average rise in
food prices for thp whole country
last year was 7.2 per cent. In 1922
a dollar would have purchased 5.1
pounds of chuck roast, now it purchases 4.5 pounds. Pork chops
that sold fot. 35 jCents in 1922 now
sell for 36 a pound. Lard has gone
up 5.6 cents'-a-'pound. Flour has
advanced a cent a pound and the
rise has.been almost entirely Bince
1924 in that -commodity.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN, LABOR ADVOCATE.
DEAFNESS
KOISES  D.   THE  HEAD
AND   WASAL   OATAEEH
Can Be Relieved
Ibe new Continental Remedy called
"LARMALENE"   (Regd.)
Il a simple, harmless horns treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises in the head, eto. Ho expen-
siTi appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
affected parts with complete and permanent .success- Scoras of wonderful cases reported.
RELIABLE TEST-MONT
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whltehorae
Road, Oroydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to me at Ventnor
has proved a complete success, my
hearing is now quite normal and the
horrible head noises have ceased,
The action of this new remedy mut
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these eomplaints for
nearly 10 years and hare had some
of the very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear instruments; all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my life has undergone an entire
ohange."
Try one box today. Which oan be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of money order for $1.00. There is
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LARMALENE'
Co., Baal, Kent, England.
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 40,1 Metropolitan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paoiflo
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The best makes of bicycles
on easy terms.
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
OAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.
CHIROPODIST
WHY SUFFER WITH SORE FEET I
Hannah Lund-, 921 Birks Bldg., gives
instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.   1213.
DENTIST
Dr.   W.  J.   Curry,   301   Dominion
Bldg.	
DRUGS
Red  Star Drug  Store,   Cor.  Cordova and Carrall.	
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tlngs St. E.	
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLING
WESTERN GLASS CO. LTD., 15S
Cordova St. W., few doors west of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window  glass. 	
HOTEL
Hotel   Stratford,   Gore   Ave.   and
Keefer.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY—
Grandview Hospital—Medical, surgical, maternity. 1090 Victoria Drive.
High.  137.
LADIES WEAR
Famous  Cloak   &  Suit   Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Street.
Arthur Frith St. Co., 2313 Main St.
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B. Bruimmitt, 18-20 Cordova
Street.
MUSIC
-inOLINS ADJUSTED, VOICED, RE-
. V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
965 Robson  St.    Sey. 2094.	
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hastings West.
PAINTS ETC.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117    Hastings
Street East.
PHOTOGRAPHER
/-tAMPBELL STUDIO, 640 GRANVILLE
_t] St.,   8   large   photos,   81   with   ad.
Extra photo free.
RANGES  AND  STOVES
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hastings Street East.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
Street.
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
The advertiser ig always interested in knowing where you saw
his advertisement. Just mention
the Advocate and you'll see.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—3
48 Hutingi St. But, Sey.  888-672     665 Granville Street   Sey. 9518-1891
151 Hastings  Street West ...Sey.   1370
; "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS"
PREVENT FOREST FIRES
— IT PAYS — _?*iday, August 7, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Thre*
Communists To Hold
Convention This Week
The convention of the British
Columbia District of the Communist Party of Canada will be held
in Vancouver on August 8th and
9th.
Delegates from outlying locals
of the party, from various parts
of the province, are already beginning to arrive In the city, and
a large and representative turnout ls anticipated.
The agenda of subjects to be
discussed by the convention was
sent out by the district executive
some time ago, so the delegates
are well prepared to deal with
matters in hand.
Labor's Broadcasting
Station About Ready
By W. FRANCIS AHERN
SYDNEY, Australia — (FP) —
Work is proceeding on the Labor
broadcasting station at the headquarters of the Labor Council of
New South Wales at Sydney, Australia.
It has a call sign of 210—SYDNEY, with a wave-length of 280
meters. It will have an input
capacity of approximately 4,000
watts, with provision for increase
to 8,000 watts. It will be the
most powerful station in the southern hemisphere, be able to broadcast labor news and propaganda to
all parts of the Australian continent, and fitted with a break-in
Morse system to communicate
with New York, London, Moscow,
Tokio, or any other city. It is expected that the station will be in
full working order the end of
July.
JEWISH UNIONISTS  DOUBLE
MEMBERSHIP
JERUSALEM—During the last
two years the membership of the
General Federation of Jewish
Labor In Palestine has. almost
doubled. From 8,000 in 1922 it increased to 15,000 in 1924. Immigrants on arrival are received by
the Emigration Department of the
Federation, which provides accommodation for them until they flna
work, and enrols them as members
of their competent trade unions.
Arabs as well as Jews are welcomed into the Federation.
The distinguishing sign of slavery is to have a price and . be
bought for it.—Ruskin.
Say you saw it advertised in the
"Advocate".
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 6121
P. GIOVANDO,  JOHN THA
200   Elegantly  Furnished
Rooms.
80 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Australian Bosses
Desire to Emulate
Canadian Methods
SYDNEY—A sequel to the courageous leadership of Walsh and
Johanssen in the recent Australian
seaport strike is contained in a
bill introduced bv Mr. Bruce, the
Australian primo minister. This
bill empowers the government to
deport "persons involved seriously in industrial disturbances and
other undesirables."
The declared aim of the bill is
to strengthen the hands, of the
government. It provides that undesirable persons may be forbidden to land in Australia, and enables the government, whenever it
likes, to issue a proclamation by
virtue of which persons not born
in Australia may tie Reported if
they are considered., responsible
for "the obstruction of transport."
Neither Walsh nor Johanssen
were born In AustraUa, though
they are the most trusted leaders
of the Seamen's Union there. If
this bill becomes law, the authorities will have power to deport
thousands of workers whenever
they like, and thus, in the event
of a strike, break the resistance
of the men.       '""■,,
Soviet Workers Get
Unasked Wage Raise
(By Anise, Federated Press.)
MOSCOW.—White 'Eifglish textile workers are striking and Americans are suffefirig'' wage cuts
the Moscow textile workers are
signing their new agreement with
the government 'tieStlK--' trusts.
Wages are now about 'double prewar in moiney, but the workers .do
not calculate wage scales by
money only, but by the. cost of
living. Reckoned/in these real
values, the te^tjle worker has
been getting about 104 per cent,
of his pre-war standard of living,
and is now to get 116 percent.
Twenty million rubles,'. tir more
than $10,000,000, is what the estimated wage increase will' cost the
textile trusts in the Moscow district im the next six months. This
was offered without specific demand of the textile workers' union, but because the trusts are
doing well, and the government
thought it was therefore time to
raise wages.
On the average the textile mills
have attained 91 per cent, of prewar productivity- per person,
which means slightly more than
pre-war productivity per hour,
since the hours are reduced from
nine to eight.
A crisis in textiles ls expected
after the good harvest, when
every peasant will be buying textiles. As the price will be held
low, they will rapidly consume
the available supply. No other
land ln the world avoids price
soaring when demarfd exceeds
supply, but the Soviet Union intends to try. It markets goods
through co-operatives which will
hold the fixed price as long as
the goods hold out. Meantime
increased production is on.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both m*% and
" steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada'sJl^ride.
installed free by experts; satisfaction gliaran-
teed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
--INDUSTRY- -
PORTUGAL
Twenty-two Portuguese soldiers
were killed and seventy-four were
wounded in suppressing a rebellion
among natives on the Galinas,
Cunhabaque and Jeaoviera islands
along the African coast, according
to a report from the governor of
Portuguese Guinea. The report
placed the casualties among the
natives as 100 killed.
SWEDEN
At the end of 1924 the 34 unions
affiliated with the Federation of
Trade Union ofSweden had a
combined membership of 360,337
compared with 312,022 at the end
of the preceding year, an increase
of 47,315 or 15.1 per cent. Of the
34 unions 31 showed an increase
and three a decrease.
INDIA
The British parliament has been
sent a manifesto signed by 40 representative Hindus demanding
the passage of a new commonwealth of India bill. The manifesto protests against the British
government's steps to "perpetuate
the administration of Indian affairs by a foreign bureaucracy."
GERMANY
In accordance with the announced purpose of France to evacuate
the Ruhr, as .stipulated under the
Dawes plan, the withdrawal of
military forces from Essen is now
proceeding.
FRANCE
Alfred Schmidt and Hermann
Oescher arrived back from Morocco, having been expelled by the
French on the charge that they
"were Communists." They were
arrested and thrown into jail on
their arrival.
AUSTRALIA
Electric train drivers at Melbourne have protested to the state
government of Victoria because
their wages are lower than those
of drivers of steam locomotives.
The electric men demand uniform
rates of pay.
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
The Filipino Labor party has
pealed to Governor General Leonard Wood against the "existing
semi-feudalistic system of labor in
the Philippines which keeps laborers in semi-slavery and bondage."
SOVIET BUSSIA
General Milnikoff, notorious cos-
sack leader of the Semenoff white
guard army in Far Eastern Russia, has been sentenced to death
by the Soviet supreme court.
FINLAND
The unions affiliated with the
Federation of Trade Unions of
Finland had a combined membership of 47,312 at the end of 1924,
an increase of 699 during the year.
LABOR GOVERNMENT'S
CUT HOURS OF TOIL
SYDNEY, Australia—(FP— The
Labor government of Queensland
made the 44-hour week universal
July 1st with no reduction in
wages. The Labor government of
New South Wales announces that
the 44-hour week becomes effective, in August. South Australia,
Western Australia and Tasmania
Labor governments are expected
to follow.-
The Labor government of New-
South Wales is giving work to
over 1,000 ' unemployed'. Others
are to be absorbed. ' The previous
government kept a long bread line
on hand to depress wages .
French and Belgian
Union Leaders Laud
Russian Conditions
Send in Your Subscription Today.
MOSCOW—Delegation of eleven
French and Belgian trade union
officials have just completed a
journey through the Soviet Union,
where it studied factories, trade
unions, and cultural Institutions.
Their report, now published, declares in part:
"The masses of membership of
the trade unions themselves are
responsible for the direction of the
trade union work, and they themselves solve the most important
questions.
"In our opinion, many of the
fundamental principles which are
applied in the Russian trade
unions would be very much in
place in the trade unions of our
own countries.
"In the various shops we have
visited, we have seen that the
maximum of results is attained
with a backward technique pf ro-
ductlon. Despite the fact that yon
are exposed to the ostracism of
world capital, you perform a wonder by re-estaWlshing successfully
your national industry, despite the
difficult heritage of the imperialist
and civil wars and despite the
blockade.
"We no longer wish to bear the
responsibility with those sections
which pursue a disruptive policy—
the greatest crime against the
working class movement.
"The ruptures and the difficulties In the trade union movement
are of advantage onlv to capitalism and are exploited by it. Both
must go."
International Rail
Workers Demand the
Right To Organize
(By Federated Press)
BELLINZONA, . Switzerland —
Persecution of railway unions in
Italy, Finland, Greece, Jugoslavia
and Palestine by the reactionary
governments of those countries received special attention at the
International Rallwaymen's conference at Bellinzona, in a resolution censuring the league of nations for its failure" "to oblige the
-countries responsible for the persecutions against the trade union
rights of the' *.__flw_r#men to abide
loyally by such provisions in the
peace treaty and in its own covenant as regard the right of the
workers to free organiaztion."
Resolutions urging railwaymen
to "refuse to take extra turns of
work except ln cases of mishap,"
as a step towards an 8-hour day
for railwaymen the world over
were also adopted.
Sawmill "Boss Attacks
And Beats TTn Worker
TIMMINS, Ont—A French-Canadian, employed as lumber piler at
the WalHngworth sawmill here,
was attacked by his boss without
warning when he was smoking,
ard probably would have heen
killed but for the fact that his
brother witnessed the fray and
hastened to his assistance, throwing the boss off his neck.
Doubtless the two brothers
would have managed the boss,
alright, but the boss's brother
lumped in. One of the workers
was compelled to run for his life
a,nd had to .lump Into the river,
from which he later succeeded in
e-ett.ing out, leaving his brother
lytnor on the ground.
The boss's brother, seeing his
victim lying prostrate, began
beating him anew, and probably
would have pounded him to death
bad the police not arrived on the
scene. Now the boss ls in Jnll
and the worker In the hospital.
Tt remains to be seen what action
the "stern band of the law" will
take in this case.—(Vapaus.)    '
TEXTILE ROSSES WARNED
PATERSON. N. J.—(FP)—Th"
ribbon silk workers of Patterson
both in the United Textile Workers and the Associated Silk Workers have notified the employers
that the 44-hour week guarantee
minimum of $36.00 a week, with
varying piece work increased, must
be granted by August 1st. The
Associated conducted a Ions strike
last fall that, forced most of the
bosses to yield.
BUILDERS MAT STRIKE
BALTIMORE—(FP)—An ultimatum has b'eeh handed city officials by the Baltimore Allied
Building Trades Council to pay
the prevailing wage or the Sound*
will tie up all municipal work with
a strike. The citv hall thinks
labor ls blu'fing, but they have
another think coming. Three
thousand men are Involved.
Babies Arrive While
Thugs Evict Strikers
10 J    ~       r
(By Federated Press)
WILLMANTIC, Conn. — Twenty
state police armed to the teeth and
the entire police department of ihe
American Thread Co. town of
Willimantlc helped furnish an at-
mosiphere of class struggle w'mle
more than a thousand strikers
paraded past the mills at quitting
time.
Earlier In tho day deputy shor-
riffs and police served eviction
notices on 11 families still living
ln company tenements. Amidst
the excitement of eviction proceedings three babies were born in
families about to be dispossessed,
and after taking account of the
tenseness of public feollnff evictions were delayed as f*>- us thc
three families -jvero concerned.
Homeless striker" and their
little ones are given protection in
the union te.it colony or in the
homes of strike sympathizers.
British Seamen First
Starved, Then Jailed
BALTIMORE. — Food, food,
food, was the cry of.twenty East
Indian members of the crew of
the British ship Teriburger, which
arrived here from Calcutta.
When the half starved seamen
threatened to desert the ship and
seek assistance from the British
consul the captain had six arrested and lodged ln the police
station to await a hearing before
the British consul.
The seamen stated through the
only one of their number who
could speak English that they
had been starved nearly to death
on the trip from the Far East,
and that each man had only received four oiwces of ment twice
a week. Their wages were between $5 and .T7 per month.
Miners International
States John L. Lewis
Pledged His Support
PARIS. — M. Vlgnez, secretary
of the Miners' International, announced recently that, In reply to
an appeal cabled to the United
Mine Workers of America by
Frank Hodges, an official of the
International, and of the British
Miners' Federation, the officials
of the U. M. W. of A. had cabled
a promise to carry out any action
desired by the International Federation and to stand by the British miners in case they struck.
"All the International Federation asked of the American miners was that they reduce their
production  to  such   a   point  that
I there would be no surplus for export," stated Vlgnez.
jf* Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, August 7, 1925
OPEN FORUM
feeUkriaX *~f>*\t]t<
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tl SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
BALDWIN'S GOVERNMENT, de-
spite its huge majority, ls
already beginning to wofible at the
knees. The subsidy paid to tlie
mine owners is causing tlio other
Industrial magnates of Britain to
cry out ln agonized tones because
they can see their taxes being
raised as a consequence. Baldwin
knew the Impoverished miners
were in no mood to be trifled with
and were prepared to fight, so he
backed down and took thc easiest
way out, although he had ordered
thc navy to be prepared for strikebreaking activity. It was the
finest demonstration of vhat an
united body of workers can accomplish witnessed in modern
times. Truly an object lesson for
all workers.
»•••*■•
"C-XOUSES arc now the order of
*-" thc day with Baldwin. He told
the house of commons the subsidy
was paid to save British trade, to
save the "dear people" from thc
consequences of a coal shortage!
and, greatest of all, to prevent
suffering among the rank and flic
of tlie miners, because they were
tho ones that would suffer, and
not the leaders . One can almost
imagine he sees the flinty heart
of Baldwin, the iron master, bleeding for the poor coal miners. But
a poor excuse is better than none,
and Baldwin dare not openly tell
the truth that thc miners had him
licked, and he knew it.
* •   *
A T COOK, the miner's secre-
■"■• "• tary, gives the British
ruling class but little cause for
comfort. He tells them frankly
that the miner's fight, instead of
being settled as tbey Imagine, has
really not begun yet; that thc
miners are going to fight for a
living wage; and that the question
will never l)e settled so long as thc
mines are privately owned. As a
result of this attitude thc Home
Secretnry has come to the profound conclusion that the British
Communist Party Is still in communication with Zinoviev. Had
Lenin been alive he would have
been blamed for the miners refusing to starve.
* *    *
rFEE RIGHT WING of the labor
^ movement arc bewailing thc
miner's victory. MacDonald says
It is a victory for the "worst Boi
shevlk elements." while G. N
Barnes mourns that the "miners
have taken the community by the
thront." None of these gc.rttlci.icn
seem to think that the mine owners In denying their workers a
living wnge were to blame. No
to them It Is the minors, just the
same nttitude ns Is taken by the
dally press whenever labor tronb
les arise.
* *   *
PANADA'S DELEGATION to the
"Commonwealth Conference"
lias got under thc hide of thc Immigration Department nt Ottawa
Certain delegates told the truth
abont Canadian conditions, and
this is labelled ns the rankest
heresy. Incidentally It hns put
some of these Ottawn offlce hold
ers, to whom troth Is almost n
total stranger, In their true colors.
If the delegation succeeds in exploding some of the fniry tales the
immigration department has been
relating, their time has been well
spent.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
FLEVEN YEABS AGO, this week, the "War to end War,"
the "War for Democracy," the war that was to usher in
an era of peace and goodwill, began. In response to clouds
of unctious patriotic propaganda, sprayed upon them from
all sides, frenzy gripped the populace. Workers clamored for
bayonets, speculators hastened to fatten on the spoils, and
woman reverted to her primitive self and became an ardent
recruiting agent for cannon fodder. The few who kept their
heads and refused to be led around by the nose by an ex-
real estate grafter in khaki and brown leggings, were branded
as yellow cowards. Extravagant promises were made to all.
who would help "save the country." Nothing was to be too
good for the "boys" after the "Kaiser was hung," and
"little Willie chained." The war ran its bloody four years'
course. Millions were killed, millions more maimed, the product of the workers' toil lay rotting at the bottom of the seven
seas, or were blasted to smithereens on the fields of Flanders,
until, with capitalism creaking and groaning at every joint,
our masters called a halt, aAd victory, we were assured, was
ours.
•      •      •      *      •
tyHE TBOOPS BETUBNED, were disbanded, and told to
shift for themselves. The human wrecks who were thrown
a "pension" found it inadequate for their needs, and can be
found on the streets today selling newspapers and shoestrings.
Those who received land found it as impossible for an ex-
soldier to withstand the grasping claws of commercial greed
as it was for those who didn't know a Mills bomb from a
bayonet. None of those who did the actual fighting received
anything, except what understanding they could glean from
their experience, but those who held sinecures in the army
received government positions and huge annual gratuities
upon their return. Not a political office-holder or capitalist
hanger-on but today stands convicted of being an arrant liar,
a trafficker in human flesh, a vile mercenary vulture, who
for a price was willing to send members of the working class
to face all the violent deaths, tortures and means of human
extermination modern science could invent.
AUT OP THE EUBOPEAN SHAMBLES arose conditions
• which even those who launched the fratricide never expected. Empires tottered and fell, kings lost their jobs, emperors began sawing wood for exercise, and formerly accepted
lords of the earth began selling, in the open market, their
energy as dishwashers, and their bodies as prostitutes. The
millions of Bussian workers, from the Arctic Ocean to the
Mediterranean, and from the Sea of Japan, to the Baltic Sea,
arose in their might, cast their tyrannical rulers from off their
backs, seized political power, land, factories and workshops,
and set up their own form of government, based on the administration of things for the benefit of those who toil. Amid
the stress and agonies of famine and counter-revolution, the
Eussian workers established new social relationships, and
proved that socialist theory is a practical, workable thing.
This is the sole heritage we of the working class received
from Europe's blood bath and capitalism's mad scramble for
markets and spheres of influence. v
■TODAY, seven short years after the "War to end War,"
■*■* we find the great imperialist powers of the world preparing to launch a more deadly and ruthless international
conflict than even the last war. Britain is increasing her
navy; France is adding to her air fleet; the United States,
bristling with militarism, is holding mobilization days and
naval maneuvers. France and Spain are warring upon the
Riffs. British, American, French and Japanese forces are
clubbing the workers of China. Chemical and other scientific-
experts are busy devising new poison gases, death rays, disease germs, crop blights, and other engines of destruction.
On. every hand preparations are being made to again set the
world's workers at each other's throats. If we would escape
the diabolical tortures that are being prepared for us, we
must prepare to smash the yoke of capitalism, kick our parasitical rulers into the discard, seize political power, and, lik«
the workers of Russia, establish the rule of the workers. The
time for labor to begin mobilizing its forces for the numerous
and tremendous tasks ahead is today.
Writhing Imperialism
Now Wailing Because
Markets Are No More
T ONDON—When an industrially
develoyed capitalist country
begins to trade with and exploit
the workers ln another land it inevitably starts that land on the
road towards becoming a competitor. Thns capitalist trade and
commerce has industrallzed almost
every country in the world. An
Instance of how this native capitalism is now strangling British
trade ls instanced by the following
whining letter sent by a British
engineers' tool manufacturing Arm
to one of its colonial customers:
"One often hears the remark
that "the Empire can exist by tak- j'
ing in each others washing," but
whilst that sounds right, it can be
proved wrong. The only articles
that can come from the four great
Dominions are food (corn, butter,
fruit), but each of these countries
is developing an industrial production as a vital part of its corporate
life. This industrial side is mainly
In engineering lines: we see the
Dominions and Australia building
locomotives, carriages, rolling
rails, etc., but there ls still greater
growth in parochialism, or perhaps
truer to say Nationalism, as evidenced by the government contract placed in October with a
New South Wales company for 35
locomotives at £391,000, resulting
in a higher cost of £40,000 than if
the actual lowest tender, British,
had been accepted. Their price
was £351,000 including £72,000 customs duty, which sum is also lost
to Australia. We admire this Independent and essentially British
quality of determination to do the
thing oneself, but lt hits trade in
Britain, as iron and steel products
are our main manufactures which
have hitherto gone overseas. Further similar cases are bound to
come along, as every infant, If
healthy, makes growth in sturdi-
ness as well as Independence.
There was a report regarding a
Toronto tender which went to a
Canadian Arm at a higher price
than that of an English works.
Good luck to the Dominions, may
this industry prosper, and may
they avoid the slum1 life that has
been the blot on European industrialism. But It Is somewhat disquieting to read that the Imports
of Australia from the United
States of America are 180 million
dollars, whilst the exports from
the Commonwealth to the United
States are only 40 million dollars.
It seems that a greater proportion
of the stock orders could come to
England. Will you not see whether yours cannot? England is
carrying a heavy burden with 1%
million unemployed—we languish
because so much of our foreign
and colonial trade has not come
back to us. Why, even a little
known country like Brazil is setting up steel works and factories."
Thousands Blinded
By Modern Industry
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK — Everyone has
seen a blind worker but few realize that 15,000 persons in the
United States have lost their sight
by the inhumanly wasteful methods of American industry. The report on eye hazards in industrial
occupations, published by the National Committee for the Prevention of Blindness, gives the figures
—a total of 15,000 blinded from
industrial causes altogether, and
an annual crop of 200,000 major
or minor injuries to the eyes of
workers.
Eye hazards are the most serious of all non-fatal industrial accident hazards, declares the report,
and it makes the point, again and
again in the course of its 232 pages
that most of the men blinded ln
the factories would still be seeing
lf specified precautions had been
taken.
SUMMER SCHOOL MAY
BECOME LABOR COLLEGE
(Continued from Pa.ee 1)
and be prepared to share cost of
food, which will be served in a
Common  dining room.
All intending to go Should write
at once to Jack Logie, Manager,
West Summerland, B.C., or If In
Vancouver telephone Seymour
1382 for fu;i_,i«}formation.
So this Is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove It by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends. ',
Patronize Our Advertisers.
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meeti leeond Mondty In the montk.
Preildent, J. R. White; iecretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 68.
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY—Room
111, Bit Pender St. Weit. Buiineu
meeting! lit and 8rd Wedneiday evening!. R. H. Neelandi, Chairman; E. R.
Morriion, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnii,
854*1 Prlnee Edward Street, Vanconver,
B.O., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district In Brltlih Columbia de-
•irlng Information re aecnrlng ip.akeri
or the formation of local branchei, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford, E24 Birki Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.O. Telephone Seymour
1888, or Bayvlew 5520.	
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOOAL 871—
Meeti second Thunday every month
in Holden Building. Preaident, J. Bright-
well; financial iecretary, H. A. Bow-
ron, 781 18th Ave. Eait.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meeti
flrat and third Friday! In eaeh month
at 445 Rlcharda itreet. Preildent, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert itreet; iecretary-
treaaurer, Geo. Harriion, 1182 Parker
itreet.  .
ENGINEERS —THE INTERNATIONAL
UNION OF STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 882—Meeti every Wedneiday
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden Building.
President, Charlei Price: buiineu agent
and financial iecretary, F. L. Hunt; re-
cording iecretary, J. T. Venn.	
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145. A. F. of M.—
Meets In G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour and
Pender Streets, second Sunday at 10
a.m. Preildent, E. C. Miller, 991 .Nelson street; secretary. E. A. Jamleson,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson itreet; organiser,  F,  Fletcher,  991 Nelion itreet.
THE FED ERATED SEAFARERS'
UNION OF CANADA—Headquartera
at Roomi 5, 6 and 7, Flack Building,
1«8 Hastingi Street W„ Vaneonver, B.O.
Tel. Sey. 8898. Preildent, Robert Thom;
VIce-Preildent, David Gllleiple; Seo'y-
Treasnrer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Victoria
Branch, Room 11, Green Block, Broad
Street, Victoria, B.O.    Phone 1908.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 928—
Preildent, R. P. Pettlplece; vice-president, 0. F. Campbell; eeeretary-treai-
urer, R. H. Neelandi, P.O. Box 88.
Meeti lait Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. In Holden Building, 18 Haitingi E.
Prince   rupert  typographical
UNION, No. 418—Preildent, S. D.
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 889. Meets lait
Thunday of eaeh month.
THS CANADIAN
labor Abtmrat*
With Which Ii Incorporated
THB   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FBD1IA-
TIOXIBT
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
By tta -Ubor FubUihlng Co.
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The Canadian Labor Advocate is a non-
factional weekly newspaper, giving news
of the" farmer-labor movement in action.
Subscription Rates: United States and
foreign, $2.80 per year; Canada, 12
per year, f 1 for six monthi; teuton
subs-sriblag in a body, 18e par member par  moath.
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MMJIMP ■ ■*****'•'**'- SBUStMSSStSSSm .*.;:v,*. MfWjW -ma
August 7, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Five
[mans Traducers
\.-y Rose Henderson.)
CTLE boy wrote the follow-
' composition on men: "Men
vhat   women,   marry.   They
smoke,    swear,    stay   out
think they know    it    all,
[go to   church.    Pej-haps   if
[wore   bonnets   they   would.
Eire more logical than women,
nore  zoological.    Both  men
pomen sprang frpm monkeys,
lhe   women   sprang   further
(the men, and that's why the
are going ahead    of    the
[and the men don't like it;
perhaps the  men  will  catch
Is boy is a decided improve-
^on the wiseacres of the past,
vere intolerant of any idea
(.men's equality, her right to
|_al or economic emancipa-
or her protection as wife and
_r.
purvey of past literature gives
idea   of  the  almost   insur-
Itable tasks which    the    few-
women,  who  pleaded  wo-
cause, faced.
Hln Luther says:   "Where he
|)  is there must she be, and
| before  him as her   master,
she shall fear and to whom
hall be subject and obedient."
of marriage he spoke thusly:
an outward bodily thing as
|>ther worldly bargain and I
| forsooth confess    I    cannot
any man for taking several
Iman, says W. Lecky, was i-e-
I-ited as the door of hell, and
pother of all human ills. She
lil be ashamed of the very
tht she is a woman, she
live in perpetual penance
Icount of the sin and destruc-
Ishe  has  brought    into    the
Bs diabolical gospel of wo-
m sin and inferiority has been
Ihed for centuries, and has
I almost as much to make her
Inging, timid creature as has
lidustrial enslavement. It has
only cursed and crushed the
lln, but has crushed the race
|gh making of her offspring
len and women but warped
Itions of what they should be.
lis a biological fact that wo-
I can  only produce after  her
and what woman can look
|ipon the world today with its
strife, unemployment, and
fitution, and say "Well done."
I* Bow street police court re-
the magistrate told a wo-
Iwho was lodging a complaint
1st her husband for neglect
Ibrutallty, that she should be
last to complain, as woman
|the source of all evil in the
today.
' a sermon recently preached
Jn Knox Little said: "The
lilng glory of woman is her
fiood. In it she is bound for
Ime. To her husband she
I the duty of unqualified obe-
je. There is no crime a man
lommit which can justify her
■of obedience."
fere is hope as the boy in his
losition said: "The woman
Ig further." They have sprung
lar that the slave gospel
Ihed by these allegedly
lad men wouldn't be listened
[en in the jungles of Africa
less followed by modern
[in.
Russia Discusses Orphans' Care
(By Laura Brannin.)
MOSCOW.—The second conference of the "Friends of Children,"
a delegated body of about 1200
trade union men a*nd women,
mostly women, met here last week
to further their plans for this
work.
Discuss World Affairs
The first number on the programme, however, was a 40-min-
ute discussion of world affairs.
The subject had no particular
connection with the purposes of
the conference, but it is the habit
in this country of new values to
open every meeting of any size
with such a talk. This speaker
was alive, told the story graphically, yet without technical terminology. Written questions poured
up to the chairman throughout
the talk, but owing to pressure of
other business they were answered ln the papers the following day
Men Told to Go Home
Then came a demonstration of
the tremendous vitality expressed
in the average meeting here. After reports from various districts,
some impatient men attempted to
cut off the discussion; one woman
after another frankly told the
men to go home, that they had
called the meeting for just that
thing and were not to be balked.
But while the women wanted to
talk things over,  they wouU  not
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISER
Phone Say. 1070
718 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
flisten to speakers who ambled.
One little woman was repeating
herself and the crowd began to
applaud, which in Russia means
"Cut lt short!" and she did.
Quickly following this came a
motion to limit each discussion
to three minutes. Unanimously
carried.
50,000 in Homes
At this time Moscow has about
50,000 children in homes cared
for by the state. One district,
through the society, is taking
charge of a playground reserved
just for the homeless youngsters;
this is aji attempt to so Interest
them that they will find happiness in this particular environment and not wanderall oyer the
city. They are given three meals
a day and a bed at night.
Factory Clubs Active
One delegate reported that a
Red soldier had adopted a group
of boys. This had already been
done by various factory clubs. The
society is organizing shops where
the older children can be taught
trades, this in connection with
factories where they work a few
hours a day and receive academic
training in addition.
The society was first organized
at the time of the famine; it has
now been diverted to this work,
has a membership in Moscow of
304,000, and is caring for 4,000
children.
RUPTURE
Specialist ln Trasses for Men, Women,
Children and Infants
C. E.  HEARD
Phone Sey. 8820
062 Robson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
23  Years   Established   in  Vancouver
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
MASSAGE   A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastlngi St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
WEAR-
Free State Advocate
Can See No Jobs For
Irish Women Workers
ich Clerks May-
Call General Strike
IRIS—France faces a possible
|e of all "white collar" work-
Bank officials fear that the
|?ment which Btarted in Mar-
where bank employees
fk recently, and which was
fwed in Paris by a walkout of
Employees ot fhe ■ National
lc of Credit, may become a
Iral strike of clerks* all over
country.
DUBLIN — "Ireland," declared
William Sears, a Free State govornment deputy, at a party rally
in County Mayo, "is today the
worst country for a girl to be born
in. What prospect," he asked,
"had the thousands of Irish girls
and young women of finding employment or of being able to earn
an independent livelihood?" One
of the greatest problems before
the Free State government was not
merely to find employment for the
young men of Ireland, but even
more for the young women.
Workers Not Needed
At present there was no need
for them to be kept On the farms,
on the one hand; and, on the other
hand there was little work in the
cities and towns to which they
could go. The prospect before
them was a poor one, Indeed; and
it was little wonder that they were
emigrating in large numbers. The
county in which he spoke knew the
point of his rference more intimately than many others; for, as
usually happens in such matters,
the families ln the western districts are usually larger than elsewhere, and yet in these very districts the economic conditions are
the worst, owing to the smallness
of the holdings there.
Farms All Smnll
It is seldom the case that in
what are known as the congested
districts any man's holding exceeds
30 or 0 acres. It is therefore essential that all the children, with
the exception of the eldest son,
should go elsewhere as tbey come
to manhood and womanhood. And
there Is no place to which they
can go, . except America. Some,
Indeed, go to Britain, and take
domestic service there, and some
pass to domestic service in Dublin; but those are few. The majority of them go to the United
States.
Irish Capital's Voice
Mr. Sears, who voices the aspirations and champions the cause of
the Irish bourgeoisie saw no possible way out except the institution
of a tariff wall against foreign
manufactured merchandise; the
erection    of a huge    engineering
NEW PALL STYLES
ABE OUT
LADIES who have been eagerly waiting to seo what
the Fall styles are liko will
soon have an opportunity of
viewing an advance display of
Coats and Dresses. Watch the
windows at the "Famous"—
arrivals of the new garments
are expected to arrive any
dRy, and Mr. Kostman, who
is uow on a buying trip in
the East, reports that this
year the styles are more beautiful and more varied than
ever.
Famous
Cloak and Suit Co., Ltd.
1819-623 Hastings Street West|
LECKIE
SHOES
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For work or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
J. LECKIE CO.
Limited
Filipino Girls Held
As Peons By Master
LOS ANGELES—There is nothing new under heaven, they say,
but peonage practice in a community of angels seems to be a
little out of ordinary. The other
day it was discovered that Faus-
tino Lichance, a shop owner, had
brought two sisters, Filomena and
Carmel Garcia, from the Philippines under the excuse to teach
them the embroidery trade.
These girls, and others, have
beep held in peonage under the
stipulation that they should work
for three years at $15 a month,
plus room and board, all of which
was supposed to cover their passage money. It is charged that
the girls were forced to live on
the premises as prisoners and to
work from 12 to 13 hours a day,
and that they were already expert
embroiderers and did not need to
be taught.
When the state labor department, through Deputy Commissioner Lowry, first ordered the
release of the girls, Lichance and
his sister, Cornilia Fernandez, refused to accede unless they should
sig,n notes for $300 each, it was
said. Mr. Lowry then demanded
their immediate release, and also
the release of all their belongings
on threat of criminal action.
The slavery system under which
these poor girls were held is in
Spanish called "padron"—complete submission to the wishes and
desires (and the viles also in this
case)  of the master.
FREE SPEECH IN NEW YORK
NEW YORK.—(FP)—The Central Trades and Labor Council of
New Tork has instructed its officers to assist the Bookkeepers',
Stenographers' and Accountants'
Union in fighting for the right to
hold open air meetings In the Wall
Street district. Weekly open air
meetings were stopped by the
police.
works, and harnessing the historic
River Shannon-to obtain power to
drive the fatcory. It is easily apparent that Sears is but little interested in the workers or he
would have observed that unemployment and destitution obtains
in countries boatslng high tariffs.
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
P*AN I continue to pay for this space and so help sustain
^ The  Labor Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through ignorance or
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
August
Home-Furnishing
Sale Continues
$1,000,000 Stock to Choose From
Furnishings for Every Room at Worth-While
Savings
THE greatest Home-Furnishing Sale ever held in Vancouver.    Greatest in variety—greatest in point of
money-saving.
For months our buyers have searched the markets for
best values, and as a result we are able to assure savings
of from 10 to 35 per cent, on our always low prices.
JOIN OUR HOMEFURNISHING FURNITURE OLUB
It enables you to participate in the savings this sale affords
with an outlay only of 10  per cent.
YOU PAY TEN PER CENT. OF YOUR PURCHASE IN CASH
and the outstanding balance can be paid in
9 EQUAL MONTHLY PAYMENTS
AUTOMATIC CANCELLATION
Any purchase agreement under the Club payment plan considered automatically completely paid (Irrespective of any
balance owing) in the event of the demise of the purchaser.
U 'NCORPOHATCO  *^ !-• MAV  1670 f_ ^>
VANOOUVER '•/■
PageSii
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, August 7,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted hy W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
MANY CAPABLE SEAMEN DIS-ftake any active Interest in taking
CRIMINATED AGAINST
The Canadian Government Merchant Marine Ltd. openly discriminates against union seamen employed on their vessels. Some time
ago the daily press was loud in ita
praise of what Sir Henry Thornton
had stated regarding the satisfied
crews that were on C.G.M.M. ships.
Of course that was what Sir Henry
was told by company officials here.
We hope he will pay a visit to
some of the C.G.M.M. ships while
here to view the Vancouver Fair
and see the filthy, scandalous conditions men have to endure under
the management of the C.G.M.M.,
especially on the deep sea vessels,
which never fail to arrive in Vancouver with a half starved crew
and short of provisions. The company always state they are willing
to listen to complaints from the
men, but that is not so, unless for
the purpose of putting those that
complain on the official blacklist
of the company, which is conducted by a Mr. A. Harvey.
The engineers and mates have
to sail with whatever men Mr.
Harvey (the employment agent of
the company) selects, and according to reports, should the officers
refuse to take any of Hai-vey's men
that individual promptly reports
them to the head office at Vancouver with the object of having
them dismissed for refusing to
have inferior men.
When the S.S. "Canadian Exporter" was lost many of the
crew were inefficient and had no
previous experience, which resulted In a legal battle where the
captain was cited as a witness
recently on behalf of the insurance
company, which objected to" paying
insurance on the ill-fated vessel.
The captain, when he refused to
take a crew of Inexperienced men,
was told he would have to take
them or get out.
These conditions exist at the
present time on C.G.M.M. ships,
where experienced men are nearly
always compelled to sail with a.
bunch of dubs. The respective or-
ganlaztions of the engineers and
masters and mates do not seem to
the issue up. The engineers should
have the right to pick tbe firemen
and fliers and the mates the seamen ar:d ordinary seamen, instead
of someone who does not know a
seaman from a bill-posa.r.
In one case an engineer who
had received a crew from Mi.
Harvey was so disgusted with the
results that when the vessel arrived at Vancouver he picked a
crew of men with discharges from
ether vessels, to insure having an
efficient crew, but lo and behold
Mr. Harvey went to the powers
tha. be and had tbe efficient crew
discharged for a. bunch of dubs,
'ii*J the engineer was w*?.rhod that
if he ever dared is the same thing
again he would be dismissed.
The headquarters lias been very
busy trying to supply cooks for all
kinds of vessels during the last
week, and as there are only a few
wli'te cooks organized it. would be
wise for marine cooks and stewards to enroll in the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada, 163
Hastings street west, and keep in
(euch with the lab.v movement.
Considerable activity in shipping has taken pluce since the last
issue of the "Labor Advocate,'
mary members who were around
headquarters havin;*f shipped on
defp sea and coastal vessels.
Vasey & Sons'
Camp, Pitt Lake
This ls a shoestring outfit from
Taeoma, Wash., consisting of the
old McGUvary outfit, of two donkeys and an old camp, moved to
the west side of the lake, and run
by Vasey and four sons, besides
a few friends from Taeoma, and
a few more new ones turning up
every few days.
High-ball, pack a noSebag, ten
hours camp to camp. Half ap
hour for lunch for the rigging
crew. One large "rampasture"
for the men to sleep in, full of
bedbugs. Supply your own blankets. The mattresses have been
lying rotting in camp since Mc-
Gilvary's time,, No wash house
nor wash basins, except the lake,
which is also our washtub, and
the only water supply for our
"cook." Today being Sunday, and
being idle, I looked for a hot
vegetable dinner, but, alas, there
was not a sign of a vegetable, hot
or cold. In fact, the only warm
thing on the table was the cook's
brew of "tea." The coo£ and his
wife sleep ln the dining hall, although the camp opened in May.
Hospital Notes
Brother Torn I. ...iM.e was discharged from th. General Hospital on Tuesday n.n:l is now on the
war-path for employment. Brother Gllmartin i- still at Ward
One, General Hospu.l.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGG and
BOB KRAUSE
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd Batt.
Spy Charge in Union
Brings Damage Suit
(By Federated Press)
PATERSON, N. J.—Adolph Les-
sign, former organizer for the
Associated Silk Workers' Union,
has brought suit for $10,000 damages In the circuit court against
Frank Fried, executive board
member, who read a statement to
the union charging Lessign with
being an undercover man in the
pay of the International Auxiliary
Co. The accuastion was originally
made by Casimir Pilenus, a former
U. S. secret service man and published in a Polish labor paper. To
clarify the issue the union offered
to finance a suit for Lessign
against Pilenus or the Polish
paper but. Lessign rejected the
offer.
The fuller a man's head Is with
wisdom, the less use he has for
his mouth as a safety valve.
Send ln Your Subscription Today
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
W« Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Oorner Oordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
Camp 3, Alco, Port Haney
This camp is situated on Alou-
ette Lake. Operating two sides.
Conditions in general are not
good, the wash house and dry-
room accommodatioin being far
below what is necessary for a
crew of 1B0 men. The board, at
$1.50 per day, is "belly banditry"
of the boldest type. Dinner is
served out cold in the woods, and
is a greater gamble than a Chinese lottery. Walking to and from
work on the men'3 time. Camps
located far from works, making
it a 9-hour job,
Falling and bucking done by
the day. The crew, chiefly composed of the dumbbell kind, make
a sad comparison to the aggressive, independent logger who once
worked in the forests of the Pacific Coast.
There is no "Oriental Menace,"
insofar as the loggers are concerned, this camp being manned
(like most other camps on the
Coast) by a large majority of
Scandinavians and a sprinkling of
Native Sons. There is no organization among the men engaged
in the most important occupation
ln the province. Vive Le Chinaman. Del. L. 23.
More Forest Fire Lies
Daily Province Emits Noxious Gusts
'HE  dally press  Is  once  againfpets employed by the gover
as forestry officials.
With  an  ordinary square'
costing fifty cents (Canadian
guzzling bouts cost much
the   men  who  fight  forest
and   risk   their   lives   prot
the property of a swarm o£(
ed States corporations, mus
sweat and swallow the funi
wood   smoke   for   two   hou
order to earn the price of a
If they  work  an  eight-houi
and  eat three  times,   they
the munificent sum of fifty,
to   waste  in   rioutous   living
debauchery  at  the  end   of
day's work.
If the  inhabitants  of the
ter-Cotton    building    who
such   plain   downright   lies,
raising the cry that forest
J fires are being started by workers
for the purpose of securing a Job
fighting the flames.
The Vancouve.1 Dally Dose of
Drivel1—The Province—informs us
that: "Investigations are helng
conducted by police and forestry
officials to* determine the truth of
well-founded suspicions that bush
fires have been set hy men for
the pay they would receive from
fighting1, the outbreaks."
This libel on human intelligence," this defamation of horse-
sense, actually appears as front
page news in The Province of
August 6th.
Two years ago bewhiskered
John and his satellites passed an
order-in-council,  which was later wl-o would not know the  _
ratified by the lieutenant-governor, ex-editor of The Vancouver
Province, reducing th*-* wages of
men engaged in fighting forest
fires to 25 cents per hour, with
the prospect of a jail sentence if
they refused to work for this
scab wage when called upon by
the   mountebank   political   party
Special Free Sub. Appeal
TN ORDER to build up the clr-
dilation of THE CANADIAN
LABOR ADVOCATE it hns heen
decided to offer ONE YEAR'S
FREE SUBSCRIPTION of this
paper to every person sending. ln
five new subscribers to The Advocate. The subscription price ls
$2 a year, for which the paper ls
mailed direct to the subscriber.
Take a copy of the paper and
pass lt among yonr shop mates
or neighbors. Let them look lt
over, and then go after them for
a subscription. The Free Subscription offer is limited hy time,
so act now.
((Use This Blank)
Enclosed   flnd dollars,
for which send The Canadian Labor Advocate to the following
names for the period agreed, and
a complimentary subscription for
one year for myself.
U. S. Lumbermen Show
Up B. C. Government
Certain members of the provincial government must feel somewhat uncomfortable at the revelations being made at the United
States tariff commission's hearings. This commission is considering the question of duty on Canadian logs entering the United
States.
A short time ago certain members of the B. C. government
stated that no logs were exported
from B, C. except those that could
not be cut in local mills. Only
surplus, logs were exported.
One Beilingham lumber company testified that one-third of
the logs they cut were imported
from Canada, and that the price,
after paying $1 duty on every
1000 feet, was the same as in the
States. This certainly shows up
the sweated labor on the Canadian side, and also shows that the
wages of Canadian loggers are reduced in order to pay U. S. tariff
rates.
The U. S. mill interests are
fighting for the elimination of the
duty, and the loggers, who fear
competition from Canadian sweated labor, are strongly opposed to
lt.
What has Oliver's government
to say in rebuttal of the testimony
of the lumbermen? Probably
they have got so used to twisting
the truth that it doesn't bother
them any more when they are
shown up.
Boss Instructed To
Hire Union Men Only
(By Federated Press)
BOSTON—Only union men may
be hired in his plant, Isador Mill-
man, Boston fur manufacturer, Is
told ln a temporary injunction
granted by Judge Hammond in the
circuit court. Millmen is held obligated to carry out the contract
he became a party to when the
Boston Fur Manufacturers' Association, of which he was then a
member, signed a two year agreement with the International Fur*
Workers Union. Last March Mill-
man withdrew from the bosses'
combine and has been operating
Bince then- with what non-union
men he could get. This is the
second time only a union has obtained such an injunction against
an employer ln Massachusetts.
ence between a salmon-
bush and a fir tree, were to
a trip out into the woods'
fight fire for a few weeks,
would not pen such outrage;
truth when they got back, i:
deed, their anaemic carcasses
returned to town except
wooden box.
Forest fires, as everyone
a spark of human intellig
knows, are started, in almosi
ery instance, by sparks from
ging donkeys, and almost a
them could be prevented lf
quate precautions were take;
The writer has very lively
lections of seeing fires blazii
the woods on the B. C. Coast,
logging proceeding unintern
alongside the fire. The boss
in a hurry to get out the cut
before they burned up. His
was: "To Hell with the timb
can get lots more.*' Of cc
facts like that do not appe
subsidized publications like
daily press of Vancouver,
lacks the courage to be tru
when It doesn't pay.
There are people in this
ity who  would  sell  their  g>
mother's corpse for fifteen
and get drunk on the procee
BRUCE';
MIDSUMMER
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splend
values. Regular prid
$22.50 to $42.50, now|
$15 to$37.i
C. D. BRUCi
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings]
VANOOUVER, B.O.
He that voluntarily continues
Ignorance ls guilty of all the
crimes which Ignorance produces.
—Johnson.
Send ln Your Subscription Today.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Bool
HAND-MADE BOOTS '
for
LOSGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Strvlet for Roptln
All Work Ono-intood
Bpooiil Atttntlon to Moll Ord.)
H. Harvey
Eitobllihod ln Vineouvor In ll|
68  OORDOVA STltEET '
Ly, August 7, i925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
_?agt Sevfn
ish "Red" Hysteria
Exploited' By France
* ***
[TOON — Apparently France
intention of joining Cham-
Churchill, Baldwin, et al
jjlr drive against Soviet Rus-
Prench industrialists want
, and propose taking advan-
[f Britain's "Red" hysteria to
I Paris correspondent of the
Chester  Guardian"   writes:
\ France it does not affect in
last the universal belief that
jritish government is now de-
aiming at two objectives:
he prevention  of a possible
lin-Russian Entente, and (2)
|rlnglng about  of a common
bntation      against      Russia
ghout Europe, maybe includ-
he world.    The main British
le  is  believed  to  be  anxiety
lisiatic possessions and inter-
In Asia should be endangered
plshevik propaganda.
lance Exploits British Fear
Ye French disposition, so fains revealed, is not to fall in
Ithis plan, but rather, as in
|20, to exploit this British tear
Red peril to the advantage
French   plans     in     Europe.
th diplomacy is not prepared
purn to the old system of the
ary cordon' against    Russia,
it is said    Qreat    Britain
Is to restore."
ptinental papers in general
wonder at the sudden rush
Ver to the British govern-
ls head, and attributes it to
flatter's growing perception
■they have made a mess of
in China, for which Soviet
la will serve as a convenient
Igoat.
tralian Workers
revent Government
From Selling Ships
ILBOURNE,  Australia—(FP)
|h   5   out  of    6    Australian
representing 85 per cent ot
astralian voters under Labor
Inments and a federal election
a few months, the federal
iment makes a right-about-
regarding   the    government-
steamers trading    between
^lia and Britain in coinpeti-
vith the  international  Ship-
ICombine.    The    government
Intended to sell the steamers
pave the Australian sea trade
combine,    despite    protests
all   sections   of   Australia,
[•ae prime minister announces
|/ie government will not sell,
actually going to replace in-
at tonnage by new vessels.
Labor party is opposed to
lie of the government-owned
|s.    The  line  was  instituted
Labor government.
*Wy €mmtry Cahor Nmis
Kicking the Unemployed PlfM:
T ONDON—The. British, govern-f standing the suggestion
ment has forced a bill through
the house of commons which will
diminish the amount of unemployment relief now being received by
the workless.   This new bill will:
Increase the waiting period (for
which no benefit ls paid) from
three to six days.
Take extended beneflt away
from single persons living with
their parents, despite the fact that
they 'have contributed to the
scheme.
Take extended beneflt away from
women .whose husbands are ln
work, although they themselves
have contributed.
Take extended benefit away from
a large number of short-time
workers.
The minister of labor also reserves the right to refuse extended
beneflt to other classes and workers when he considers it "in the
public interest"—to do so—a qualification which may be very harshly Interpreted by a Tory government.
B1U Forced Through
Needless to say, the government
did not attempt to make out a
case for their proposal, either on
economic or humanitarian grounds,
but they relied, as usual, on the
brute strength of their huge majority to force the bill through the
house.
They were given to understand
quite plainly, however, that Labor
was going to be no party to their
meanness.
As Tom Shaw (Labor) explained,
20s. a week for a man with a wife
and three children to maintain
was not any too much,  notwith-
of    Mr.
Lloyd Qeorge that it was "passing
the bounds of prudence."
The Family Budget
How does that 20s. fare when
the housewife comes to spend it?
In London it ls almost impossible
to get a house for less than 12s.
It is impossible to make less than
Cd. a week do for clothes and
boots;* and 3s. fid. for fuel and
light.
Taking these figures, there is lis.
a week left for providing the five
people with food, or a sum of
3%d. per head per day, leaving
nothing for amusements or insurance, and allowing for nothing to
be put away in anticipation of the
rainy day when the minister of
labor will cut off the benefit altogether.
"Threepence-halfpenny  a  day,"
as  Mr.  Tom  Shaw  so  eloquently
put it to the house, "and a pint of
milk for a child costs threepence."
A Warning
Perhaps the plainest speaking
of all came from Mr. Hayday, who
said that the government, in the
position of a big, beefy bully, with
a huge majority, had got the
workers down in the gutter and
were kicking them.
But he gave them a warning
which they would do well to heed.
"You should go into the hovels
where some of these people live,"
he said. "Do not forget that a
large number of them served the
country in the war and were promised homes for heroes. Many of
us now know of cases where five
people are forced to live in a one-
roomed tenement."
Forward Editor Wants
Seizure of Farm Lands
Renders for Dredging
>5D  TENDERS,  addressed  to  the
Rorsigned   and   endorsed   "Tender
lodging,  Victoria Harbour,  B.C.,"
received until 12 o'clock noon
lit saving), Tuesday, August 18,
.rs will not be considered unless
In the forms supplied by the Dept   and   according   to   the   condi-
<t .forth therein.
ined   specification   and   form   of
;an be obtained on application to
[iersigned, also at the office of
ltriet Engineer, Post Office Build-
ctoria,  B.O.
•rs  must  include  the  towing   of
it to and from the work.
dredges  and   other  plant   which
Fended  to  be  used  on  the  work
[ave been duly registered in  Can-
the  time  of  the  filing  of   the
with the Department, or shall
ieen built in .Canada after the
jf the tender.
tender must be accompanied by
opted cheque on a chartered bank,
to the order of the Minister of
Works, for 5 per cent, of the
it price, but no cheque to be for
an fifteen hundred dollars. Bonds
Dominion  of  Canada  and bonds
Canadian National Railway Com-
will be accepted as security, or
and a cheque if required to make
odd amount.
By order,
S. E. O'BRIEN,
Seoretary.
ment of Publio Works,
'.wa, July 81,  1925.
LONDON.—"I do not agree that
we should buy out the land on a
30 years' scheme—or any purchase
scheme," said Tom Johnston,
speaking on the Allotment Bill recently introduced in the British
House of Commons.
"I would give power to the local
authorities to seize, without compensation, any land that was not
being cultivated at the* moment."
He contended that the maximum
social use to which the land could
be put should be reached. It was
a lunatic asylum system that foodstuffs which could be raised at
home should be imported when
there were one and a quarter millions of unemployed.
Would Control Next
Labor Government
LONDON. —An item likely to
arouse a good deal of opposition
from certain "statesmen" of the
Labor party is to be discussed at
the next annual conference of the
party. It comes from Rusholme,
and is in the form of a resolution:
"That in order to secure the fullest
harmony between representatives
of the party occupying government
offices and to ensure the proper
carrying out and development of
labor policy, all future Labor governments or representatives occupying important public positions
shall be under the direction and
control of the Labor party executive."
Glasgow Fascist Aids
Empire By Burglary
GLASGOW.—Joseph McCall, a
member of the British Fascisti,
was convicted in the police court
here on a charge of breaking into
the CommUjPist party office. Accused admitted his guilt, but
claimed he acted in national interests, as he had attended Communist meetings where blowing
up bridges was advocated.
He was found guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of £3 or go
to jail for seyen days. There was
loud laughter in court when the
sentence was delivered.
GLASGOW JOINS LEFT WING
GLASGOW, Scotland.—The Glasgow Trades and Labor Coupon
has decided to affiliate with the
National Minority Movement. A
ballot vote was taken on the
question, which resulted in 182
being in favor of affiliation and
175 against.
British Sailors Get
Their Wages Slashed
LONDON—The seamen are the
latest to get a cut in wages. The
National Maritime Board, consisting of the Shipping Federation
and the National Saliros' and Fire-
mens' Union,, has ordered a reduction of |5.00 all round in seamen's
wages.
Last August the workers on
board sea going vessels got a rise
of $2.60. This is now withdrawn
and they lose $2.50 additional,
Men now on long voyages will
not know of the reduction until
they flnd their pay short when
they finally draw it, perhaps
months hence.
Present rates of pay are as follows: Able seamen $47.50 per
month; ordinary seamen $40.00
per month; firemen and trimmers
$62.50 per month; catering trades
from $67.50 down to $22.50 per
month; boatswains $50.00 per
month; carpenters $55.00 per
month; donkeymen $55.00 per
month. The hours of work when
at sea are eighty-flve weekly. Tho
cut affects sailors of all grades
and employed by all companies,
whether in the Federation or not.
Patronize  Our Advertisers
Pass this copy to your shop-
matt and get him to subscribe.
LONDON—The Anti-Slavery and
Aboriginal Protection Society are
inquiring into cases of maltreatment of natives living under British "protection."
The report of the society has
been sent to the League of Nations.
In one cuse the attention of the
society was called to the flogging
of a native boy in the Southern
Sudan, whose crime was the alleged theft of three paekets of cigarettes.
He was brought before an Egyptian magistrate, who holds office
under the Sudan government, and
was ordered to be flogged at intervals, and was bound hand and
foot to a flagstaff from which
floated the Union Jack.
He was then left lying bound to
the post all day under the full
glare of the African sun and was
deprived'of food and water.
British Unionists
Are Asked to Send
Delegates to China
LONDON—The British Trade
Union Congress has received an
invitation from the Chinese Federation of Labor inviting them to
send a delegation to China, to investigate the conditions under
which Chinese workers are forced
to toil by foreign exploiters.
Interviewed  by labor  press  re
presentativea,   and   questioned   as
to his stand on this matter, A. B.
Swales, president of the Congress,
said:—
"I think our Chinese friends
have taken a good line, perhaps
the only line trade unionists can
take, in sending out an invitation
to workers in other lands.
It is worth noticing that the
Chinese sent their invitation to the
British and Russian trade unions.
This is an indication of the high
regard our Eastern friends have
for the British and Russian working class movement. Whatever
may be the shortcomings of the
British Government in its policy
in the East the Chinese workers
do look to British workers in their
hour of need.
I am in favor of a delegation
being sent to China; and in order
to make it as powerful and representative as possible, in an international sense, I would like to see
the International Federation of
Trade Unions organize the deputation and give it the full importance the matter deserves."
VANCOUVER  HARBOUR   0OHHU-
SIONEBS
Notice to Contractors
NO. 1 GRAIN JETTY
SEALED TENDERS, marked "Extension of Tracks at Vancouver Harbour Commissioners' No. 1 Grain Jetty,"
covering construction of 250 feet of
railway trestle, installing water supply
and fire protection Bystem, addressed to
the undersigned, will be received at the
offices of the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners, Torkshlre Building, until 11
o'clock noon of Thursday, 18th Auguat,
1025. Plans, specifications, contract and
form of tender may be obtained at the
office of the Ohlef Engineer, Yorkshire
Building, on the deposit of Twenty-five
dollars ($26.00), which will be refunded
on return of plans, specificationa, eto.
The tenders shall be accompanied by an
accepted cheque equal to ten per eent.
(10%) of the amount of the tender.
The accepted cheque of the successful
tenderer will be released on the substitution of a bond satisfactory to the
Commissioners for twenty-five per cent.
(26%) of the amount of the contract.
A fair wage clause will be inserted in
the contract.
Lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
W. D. HARVIE,
August 4th,  1925, Secretary.
Linemen
NO MATTER what Pliers you
have been in the habit of
using, you Bhould realise that the
new
VACUUM-GRIP
PLIER
Is Absolutely Supreme in Quality
and Lower in Price
MAKE US PROVE IT
Phone—OaU—or  Write,   and
We WIU Prove It
W.RXHowatson
Phone Sey. 1423
325   ROGERS   BUILDING
470 GRANVILLE STREET
Emergencies
TJTTHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will  prove  its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
WELLINGTON, New Zealand —
(FP)—The campaign for unity on
the industrial field is in full swing
throughout New Zealand. An open
conference held at Wellington in
April and attended by all the
unions provides for one national
organiaztion for all wage workers.
At the present there are two national labor organizations, the
Trades and Labor Councils Federation and the Alliance of Labor.
IiKNDEKS wanted for grading, levelling and draining the Model School
grounds, Twelfth avenue and Ash street.
Plans and specifications may be obtained from School Board office. Lowest
or any tonder not necessarily accepted.
Tenders to be in hands of undersigned
by August  8,   1925,   noon.
B. G. WOLPE-MERTON,
Secrotary Vancouvor School Board.
GLASSES
COMPLETE
No Drugs Used in Examination
'T'HIS advertisement means high-
■"■ grade glasses, with a thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. You
will find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand back of all work turned
out.
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
205 SERVICE BLDG.
At Granville and Robson
Phono Sey. 8955
___ Fag* Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, August 7,
ll
White Terror in China
(By a Chinese Worker)
TN the years since the Great Wai',
White Terrors, bloody massacres of the working classes have
swept many lands—Hungary, Italy,
Bulgaria, to mention only three.
Britain has not engaged in this
particular form of open class-war,
except In sporadic outbursts such
as Amrltsar, Egypt, and the period
of the Black and Tans in Ireland.
But there now reigns In the
large industrial and merchant
towns of China a terror more horrible, more violent, and more inhuman thun wu have ever known
before.
Four Dollars a Month
It is the terror not of un imperialist or militarist clique, such
as Horthy of Budapcsth, or Tsun-
koll or Sofia, over the down trodden workers aud peasants of these
countries; but of an alien, of a
foreign capitalist group, who'have
sought out the defenceless, unorganized* yellow workers, because
at $4 a month they produce dividends with which the Lancashire
workers striving under thc profiteering conditions of Western Europe, could not promote.
These "Imperial Patriots" have
not hesitated to move their capital
from Lancashire to China, throwing hundreds out of employment
and enmeshing as many Chinese
in the chains of industrialism.
Impudent Imperialism
Less than 15,000 Englishmen,
together with French, Italians, and
others have kept 436,000,000 in-
subjection; they have set faction
against faction, subsidized Tuchan
against Tuchan in their policy of
"Divide et Imperia."
Their gunboats have penetrated
hundreds of miles up the Chinese
rivers, disregarding all international conventions regarding territorial waters.
Shanghai Oligarchy
They have set up an autocratic
oligarchy in the great trading
centre of Shanghai, where a foreign police force, operating on
Fascist lines, is now carrying out
house-to-house searches in the
approved Tsankoff style; where
young, immature clerks, often the
ne'er-do-wells, the failures, and
the spendthrift younger sons who
have been sent out East to get rid
of, are now careering about Shanghai and elsewhere in armoured
cars shooting down Chinese workers as a schoolboy shoots sparrows with a catapult; and with the
same domineering spirit with
which for years past they have
kicked their ricksha coolies and
beaten their servants, substituting
only the pistol for the boot.
Naked Class Struggle
*■ This class struggle appears more
nakedly in China than elsewhere.
For the British and the foreigners
in general have gone to China
solely for trade and profits, and
where they have settled they have
made trading centres.
And whereas in England it is
possible to create the fiction of a
third party, "the public," which is
neither employer nor employed,
and of a government and a professional soldiery which is alleged
to be separate and distinct from
the employing class, in Shanghai
the foreign employers are the government, the Shanghai Municipal
Council, with full powers over the
armed police, and the soldiers are
again the foreign employers and
their staffs—the Merchant Volunteers.
Would You Hesitate?
We Chinese have embarked on
the struggle, realising full well the
odds at stake, the forces with
which we are confronted. We
know that we poor unarmed, unorganized  "yellow creatures" may
f be faced by the .45 autoamtlcs of
your British 'Bhoys" in Shanghai,
the machine guns of Volunteers or
the great guns of the battleships
across the water.
But if you were in  our shoes,
bullied,     beaten,     harried,     and
sweated   by alien  masters,  would
you hesitate to dare or die?
"Dogs and Chinese Not Admitted"
We have decided to take a great
step to throw off this yoke which
crushes the spirit and-the life of
our men, women, and children.
The British workers have nothing
to gain from the competition of
sweated labor in China.
The British worker has all to
gain from raising the standard.of
life of the Chinese from that of
"dogs" with whom they are classed
in Shanghai (where they have
been excluded from the parks by
a notice "Dogs and Chinese not
admitted"), to that of human
beings.
May the day soon come when
East and West, White, Yellow, or
Black, the workers of all lands are
united in a co-operative commonwealth of the world.—Sunday
Worker.
Bird, Bird &  Lefeaux
BARRISTERS,  SOLICITORS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
8S7 Hastings St. W., Vancouvtr, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour Met and 6667
WORKERS OF l____MILTON
EXPECT "HARD" WINTER
HAMILTON, Ont.—A hard winter is being looked for here. The
Trades and Labor Council of this
city have already organized a relief committee to handle the serious unemployed situation which
is expected. At present the members of the committee will undertake investigation work, and report to the council from time to
time.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
sub today.
LABOR Union Men, patronize those who support your cause and your
paper.
ARTHUR FRITH & CO.
treats you right, and gives
you good goods at the right
prices.
Basketball Special Outing Shoes,
Boys'  $2.50; Men's  $2.86
Men's Oxfords, new toe, tan or
black      »_.60
Men's Natural Underwoar, shirt
and drawers 95c; combinations       $1.96
Men's Khaki Coveralls, $2.40,
$2.95  and  _..  $3.26
A now line of Brill Caps just in.
Mon's "Caribou" Brand Stripe
Cottonado   Pants    $1.96
Painters'  Bib Overalls   $1.00
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boys!    Furnishing!,
Hats, Boots and Shoei
3313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
THE
Paint and Panel
Store
Has a Special in Grey,
Guaranteed
PURE PAINT
for $3.85 Per Gallon
VARNISHES
for Any Purpose
KALSOMINES
BRUSHES
for   Painting,   Scrubbing   or
Sweeping
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastings E.
WE DELIVER
Anthracite Miners To
Strike If Wages Cut
(By Federated Press.)
WILKESBARRE, Pa. —Strike
sentiment was vociferously shown
at the convention of District No.
1, Ujnited Mine Workers of America, when Thomas Kennedy, international secretary-teasurer, read
the Atlantic City statement of
Samuel D. Warriner of the operators' policy committee that "it
is declared here that the rank
and file of the union miners do
not desire a strike, even if to
avoid lt they must recede from
their demands involving a 10 per
cent, increase "
Pausing a moment, Kennedy
put the question to the convention:
"I want to ask the five hundred
or six hundred delegates in this
convention—men fresh from the
mines—lf that last paragraph of
the operators' statement is true."
No! No! was the chorus from
the floor.
Earlier, Kennedy declared that
a conspiracy, backed by Wall
Street, was striving to wreck the
miners' union, not only In the
hard coal fields, but in Ohio, Canada, the Pennsylvania bituminous
fields, West Virginia, Kentucky
and Tennessee. He inamed Schwab,
Rockefeller and Dodson as "back
of this gigantic conspiracy"
against the union in the hard coal
fields, and he denounced the propaganda the conspirators were
distributing to the newspapers.
A. P. of L. To Launch
Life Insurance Co.
WASHINGTON — (FP) — An
nouncement that a $2,000,000 life
insurance company will be launched is made at the headquarters of
the American Federation of Labor
after a conference of 150 general
officers and delegates from 108
national and interantionai unions.
Matthew Woll, vice-president of
the A. F. of L. was chosen president of the organizing committee
with George W. Perkins, head of
the Cigarmakers as secretary. It
is expected that the company,
which will be called the Union
Labor Life insurance company,
will open for business early in
September. The organizing committee composed of 23 officials of
unions will get stock subscriptions.
Headquarters will be in Washington.
Fair or No Fi
Please Remember That
Cain Always Do Better
THE .IMPERII
SHOE STORE
THE HOME OF GENCI|
BARGAINS
Complete Line of Mea
Women's and Childre]
Shoes
1087 GRANVILLE Si
Opp, Standard Furniture ,
The right arm of Labor!
strong press. Add power t.
arm by subscribing to THE,]
ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Patronize Our Advertisers.
I WANT every workingman to know the HEADLIGI
OVERALL CO., for whom we have been agents f3
16 years, are making SHIRTS that carry the high staj
dard of their Overalls (enough said).
Dark    Blue    Shirts,    made    Headlight Overalls,  blue,  bi|
roomy  coat style  $2.00        high  back  	
Light    Blue    Shirts,     made    Headlight    Striped     Overall
woven stripe   $
roomy    coat    style,    heavy    Headlight    Combinations,
work     $3.25        blue  and  khaki   *5.<
Headlight Khaki Pants   $3.^
ALL   CARRY   THE   HEADLIGHT   GUARANTEE
W. B. BRUMMIT
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST
See Our Exhibit in the Manufacturers' Building at the Fair
Beatty Values Lead)
THAT'S WHY WE HAVE SOLD
IQIW  Electric Washing Outfit;
# W •**• O       since May 1st, 1924
ASK YOUR NEIGHBOR WHA1
SHE THINKS OF HER
BEATTY ELECTRIC
WASHER
Mode in Canada
"WHITE CAP"
No matter where you live, you have a neighbor using
/«.    one of our famous washing outfits
A BEATTY WASHING OUTFIT consists of either o{
OUR   ELECTRIC   WASHERS,   OUR   PATENTEI
FOLDING TUB BENCH, AND YOUR CHOICE OI
FOUR  OTHER  USEFUL  WASHDAY  ARTICLES
_■*__. 	
YOU can buy a complete
washing outfit on terms
so easy you will never miss
the money.
YOUR  CREDIT
IS GOOD
Phone — Call — or
give yout order to
our salesman wben
ho calls
BEATTY BROS.
LIMITED
Largest Washer Manufacturers In British Empire
SEY. 7863
Columbia Street
928 GRANVILLE ST.
New Westminster at 521
Phone West.
"1900" CATARACT

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