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The Canadian Labor Advocate Jan 29, 1926

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Array ABOR
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
teenthYear.   No. 4.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 192^ V   ; -f Eight Pages,
— ■ ■— ->'   _■>>*/■
LGARY,—Unemployed work-
fere are demanding, the r'e-
of their comrades who were
to Lethbridge and Fort Sas-
ewan jails for ordering
in restaurants when they
[iot have the money to pay
..   .
a following resolution "was
d at a recent unemployed
Ing,. and ordered sent to the
ler of Alberta and to the
iter of Public Works:
'hereas the 46 workers now~
ned In Lethbridge and Fort
itehewan jails, after being
aced to 30 days' imprison-
on the 12th, 13th and 14th
of January, 1926, for obtain-
i meal for which they were
le to pay.
nd, whereas the conditions
admitted by the authorities
much worse than expected,
id whereas the authorities,
Investigating conditions in
*ry„ have found it necessary
xtend    immediate   relief    to
lerefore be it resolved that
aforementioned workers be
<ed Immediately, and return-
the place from which they
copy of the resolution has
.been sent to the Central
ill of Unemployment at Ed-
i unemployed at the meeting
the stand that the 46 men
braved jail and dishonor in
to bring the plight of their
ides to the attention of the
[rlties, and now that the
-ities had decided that the
lon was desperate enough to
irate a new relief system, it
fip to the fellows who were
ing the fruits of their com-
"victory" to do all ln their
to secure their liberty.
Canadian Workers Pro/ ^e More,
*'ji.Ja,/ / tf
But Get Less, Says Labor M.P.
/"\TTAWA.—That production per
individual worker in Canada
had increased by 40 per cent, since
1917, while real wages, based on
the purchasing power of the dollar, had increased by only 11 per
cent, in the same period was disclosed through figures produced
by A. A. Heaps, Labor M.P. for
Winnipeg North, in a speech in
the House  of Commons here.
In opening his address in reply
to the Speech from the Throne,
Mr. Heaps made some caustic remarks about precedents, and stated
that the Minister of Agriculture,
not being satisfied with some
speakers going back to King John
to find a precedent, had gone-back
to the time of Moses to find one.
"Prom the Labor point of view,"
continued Mr. Heaps, "The Speech
from the Throne is notable for
omissions. There is no reference
in It to some of the pressing problems concerning Labor. Yet when
I look away from the Speech from
the Throne, which I suppose is the
settled policy of the government,
and look over to the opposition,
and as I analyse and scrutinize
closely what the hon. leader of.
the opposition (Mr. Meighen)  has
to say in reference to matters pertaining to Labor, I find that the
right hon. member's speech contains just as little reference to Labor as does the Speech from the
Mr. Heaps produced figures to
show that the average production
per worker in Canada, in 1917,
amounted to $5,279, and by 1923
this had increased to $6,222, and
that the latter figure if based on
1917 prices would amount to $7,-
372, or an increase of 40 per cent.
He then gave figures showing that
in 1917 the average wage amounted to $748 and in 1923, $959, or
an increase of 11 per cent. If based
on 1917 prices. Dealing with the
number of men employed In the
manufacturing industries he showed that in 1917, 531,466 men were
employed, while in 1923, despite
the increase in production, the
number had dropped to 446,994,
and pointed out that neither a high
tariff nor a low tariff would remedy the fact that production was
increasing while employment was
Special Insurance against unemployment, sickness, invalidity, and
old age were a necessity.    "When
we read," the speaker continued,
"what wages the average worker
In Canada receives at the present
time, I \ do not think there is a
member of. this House who would
suggest that those wages are adequate to meet any contingency
either in connection with old age
or ori account of sickness, or anything else."
Dealing with unemployment the
speaker said in part: "We have
been receiving telegrams dally
from the civic officials of Winnipeg
demanding that the government
take action in this direction; and
in addition to those we have been
getting telegrams with reference
to the disabled returned men . . .
The government so far have given
no definite assurance that they will
look after these particular cases.
We do not know whether they
will do anything to assist the aged
and the needy in Canada. These
are problems which I hope to see
taken in hand at this sesion of
parliament. So far as the Speech
from the Throne is concerned, I
must say that it contains very little that is promising to myself; I
see in it very little hope "or encouragement from the standpoint
of Labor."
Fifty Years of Toil,
Now the Bread Line
Try to Husk Up Expose   Drumheller Miners
To Save Horthy Regime Suffer More Splits
»r Alderman Roasts
Iritan Wage Slashers
JjGARY.—Under a sane so-
fystem a mild winter would
Karded as a boon, but under
lllsm is works serious hard-
Jierally at this time of the
|% number of unemployed can
work snow shovelling, but
year there is practically no
Ito shovel, with the result that
fnber of street cleaners have
Kiut on half time, or in other
f,  have had their wages re
from 45 cents per hour to
lerinan Parkyn, Labor alder-
jat last meeting of the City
(.11 raised this question, stat-
hat the suffering it caused
overshadowed the Baving
I was made. Continuing, he
Jied the other aldermen: "If
|ad to live on such pay you
be in' hell. Some of you
[embers of the church, and I
Inge you as such to vote
It this resolution." It was
ed to retain the cut.
CALGARY. — Forty-four years
of "honest toil," commercial prosperity and industrial stagnation in
this town has failed to line the
pockets of Angus McDonald.
The veteran of toil, who confesses to being 81 years of age,, was
among the crowd of unemployed
who lined up here asking for relief. Questioned as to how long he
had been a resident of Calgary he
Informed his interrogator that he
was here before Calgary appeared
on the map, having come here
with Donald Smith, afterwards
Lord Stratheona, when that individual and his party were surveying for the then western line of
the C. P. R. When that work was
completed, McDonald decided to
remain in the west, and has been
here ever since.
Half a century of toil in this El
Dorado has failed to net him sufficient to keep him in his old age.
ILL RIVER, Mass.—The dof-
|and spinners* union affiliated
United Textile Workers
tes a 15 per cent, reduction
ages ln piece rates In several
Oakland and 'Frisco
Exchange Unemployed
OAKLAND, Calif.—Eighty-five
homeless, unemployed workers
were arrested by Oakland police
while trying to keep warm in the
pottery kilns here. After a night
in jail, they were told to either
leave the town or remain in jail.
They left town on the five-cent,
(vehicle) ferry for San Francisco.
Seventy-one homeless, (unemployed workers were arrested in
San Francisco and given the alternative of staying in jail or
leaving town. They left on the
five-cent ferry for Oakland.
Thus the unemployment problem was solved. Odds ln favor
of Oakland.
VIENNA—Efforts to hush up
the gigantic bank-note forgery
scandal because of the political
implications the Horthy government being deeply involved in the
issuance of billions of counterfeit
French francs, are being made in
The French government is
quietly working to stifle the scandal and confines its investigation
only to see that there are no forged notes held out by those who
have confessed, who include one
prince, a count and cabinet ministers of Horthy's government.
The French are dickering unofficially with the prince, Wind-
isch-Graetz, and Premier Bethlen
is also working to prevent further exposures of the incredible
crookedness of the reactionary
Horthy regime which overthrew
the Soviets established under Bela
The whole mess is so unspeakably rotten that the social-democrats have threatened to withdraw
support from Horthy and Bethlen.
DRUMHELLER, Alta.—The confusion in the ranks of the miners
in Alberta which has had such
disastrous results to the men and
benefits to the mining companies
during the past year Is being further intensified by the juvenile
romanticism of the I. W. W.
A few days ago a group of miners employed at the Thomas mine,
Nacmlne, took a vote on whether
they should join the I. W. W. or
the Miners Union of Canada. Some
130 miners are employed at this
mine, seventy-eight of whom
were present in the mine wash
house when the vote was called
for. The vote stood at 52 for the
I. W. W. and 26 for the Canadian
No effort was made to call a real
meeting of the miners so that all
of them could express their opinion on it. Thus the result of too
many unions and too little unity
proceeds apace.
•pHICAGO—(FP)—The Federated
Press enters its 7th consecutive year of daily news gathering
for labor papers with its financial
position greatly improved and with
gains in the number of its LaJbor
clients, says Secretary-Treasurer
Carl* Haessler in his report on the
past year to the annual meeting
which takes place February 5,
1926, at the central offices of the
association, in Chicago. The text
of the report is:
To the Executive Board and Member Papers:—
The Federated Press now has behind it over 6 years of continuous
activity as Labor's news service.
Each year has seen a struggle to
maintain the standards of Labor
news gathering with insufficient Income. But Its fundamental policy
of serving every group in the La
bor movement without factional
bias has again been justified by
continued confidence among our
member editors and by applications from new papers for membership in our co-operative news association. In foreign countries
Federated Press credentials open
Labor doors on every hand.
The membership roll of papers
receiving FP service at the epd of
1925 numbered 68 compared with
63 the year previous. There are
5 Canadian, 1 Mexican and 1 British paper. There are twelve dailies. The 68 papers may be grouped as follows, some naturally ap
pearing under several headings:
Organs of A. F. of L. automous
oi1 subordinate bodies 24, A. F. of
L. central bodies 18, international
official organs 14, Communist 12,
(Continued on page SI)
Insurance Plan Causes
Trouble in R. R. Union
Send in your subscription today.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Profits  Increase—Employment  Drops 1
Listening  In   On   Ottawa _.  4
Tho Week In Ottawa _..;. 5
Federated   Press   Issues   Report  1
Farmers  Roward   Small  6
The MinerB Freedom  8
Labor  In  1925 — 7
Minrs Publish Pit Paper  7
Chamberlain  Groots   Blackshirts  7
Chineso   Study   Labor   Problems  2
Indian  Swaraj  to Organizo Militia.... 3
Swedish Spinners Locked Out...-  8
Prairie Unemployed
Force Government Aid
CALGARY.—Some three hundred men are* receiving relief here
from the Provincial government,
as a result of their demand to be
fed, or else to help themselves to
food. These men ai-e being doled
out two meals and a "flop" dally,
and must report each day and get
their  tickets.
All jobs coming in to the employment bureau are toeing given
to unemployed men, who are informed that if they do not take
what is offered them they will
be cut off relief, and are liable
to be jailed for vagrancy. However, jobs are scarce. During the
past week the applications for
workers has been less than a
MONTREAL.—Trouble is reported to be brewing in the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way
Employees over the proposed $4.00
Per year increase in dues, which
was recently decided upon in order to inaugurate a pension
The proposal is meeting with
much adverse criticism from men
employed on the Canadian National Railways, with the result that
a circular letter has been sent
these men by the Grand President,
in which the writer charges that
the C. N. R. membership Is being
poisoned   by  national  proaganda.
The members of the union are
equally vehement in denouncing
the scheme. In a recently Issued
circular they state that "Out of the
worker's meagre wages he Is to
provide for his death, sickness, un
employment, and old age; robbed
daily during his lifetime by the
employing class broken and bent
In industry, worn out with work
at an age when he-should be still
enjoying life, unemployed as a
consequence of now and improved
machinery, a victim of greater
profits, he is now being called upon to provide for these conditions
by robbing his stomach and body
to pay insurance premiums."
The circular ■ goes on to point
out that Labor unions should demand social insurance, to be paid
for from the profits of industry,
and not strain their members'
small  resources  for  this purpose. Page Two
Friday, January 29, 192fl
Lenin Memorial Meet      New Westminster Labor
Was Very Successful       Party Elects Officers
Chinese Labor Tackles
- Working Class Education
What was probably the best
programme ever put on at a Labor meeting In Vancouver took
place on Sunday night last at the
memorial meeting held by the
Communist Party to commemorate
the death of Lenin and Liebknecht.
The speaker of the evening was
Dr. W. J. Curry, who outlined
the struggles, and efforts on behalf
of the working class of these two
men, and pointed out that the best
way to commemorate their death
was to assist In the great work
which they had made their life
After the speaker had concluded
his remarks, a musical programme
was put on, in which the Communist Party choir, band and orchestra took the leading part. A collection amounting to $82 was
taken up.
-Comrade Angus Mclnnis was the
speaker at the monthly meeting
of the New Westminster Lalbo^
Party, held on Tuesday, 26th inst.
During the business session the
following officers were elected for
1926: President, David B. McCOr*-
mack; Vice-President, Chas. Flummerfelt; Secretary, Harry P. Latham; Treasurer, A. Sprtce; Executive Committee, J. Couldry,
Cameron, Wilkinson, Curie, Mrs,
Barrett, Mrs. Higgins.
Fishermen to Meet on
Wednesday Night Next
A further organizing meeting of
fishermen will be held in Room
213, Holden Building, 16 Hastings
Street East, Vancouver, on Wednesday, February 8rd, at 7:30 p.m.
All fishermen are invited to attend.
Steady progress is being made
by this organization, some new
members being taken in right
along. The union has appointed
a committee to interview the canners with a view to arriving at an
agreement with them before the
season opens. All fishermen should
join and assist tn advancing and
maintaining their living and working conditions.
Dr. Curry Conducting
Class on Russia Today
A course of readings and discussions (conducted by Dr. W. J.
Curry) from the British Trade Union Delegation's Report on Russia, and other sources will be held
in the C. P. Hall, 666 Homer St.,
every Tuesday evening, at 8 p. m.
Russia, today, in the light of
Marxian philosophy, is the most
Important, valuable, and inspiring
study possible to take up. All interested are invited to come and
take part,
Lantern Illustrations on the
screen, and Labor and popular
songs will be a feature at each
•VjOSCOW— (FP)—The Sun Yat
Sen University of the Toiling
Masses of the Far East has opened its doors to 210 Chinese students who have come direct from
China to Moscow to attend its sessions. Karl Radek, directov of
this new educational enterprise, is
enthusiastic over its possibilities,
The opening of the university
marks a new era in our relations
with the far east," he says, "Heretofore the great imperial powers
went into China to exploit the resources and the workers, lu/un
where Chinese students we"t to
western countries, it was to capitalist universities where they
studied exploitation, Here, for
the first time, we propose to train
the representatives of Chinese
workers in the arts of the working
class struggle."
Students in the SUn Yat Sen
university will take a two year
course. Economic geography, political economy and social history,
a history of the revolutionary
movements east and west, the social economic and political life of
China, the agrarian problem, colonialism and nationalism, contemporary thought and the Russian
language form the principal Study.
As the students cannot speak
Russian, most of the classes will
be In French and English. Students were picked by the student
organizations of China on the following basis: (1) their past services to the labor movement; (2)
their probable ability to serve the
labor movement in the future;
(3)at least 20% women; (4) students to be distributed geographically over the various regions of
There were over 1,000 applicants in Canton alone, Most of the
students are* members of the Kuo
Ming Tang party. About a fifth
are Communists.    All" are young.
Sun Yat Sen university is controlled by the Society for Assisting the Sun Yat Sen university.
This is a private association under the chairmanship of Joffe, former soviet minister to China,
Trade unions and co-operative societies belong to the Association.
Interested persons may likewise
join it. The association is establishing branches in Russia and
expects, to establish a similar organization in China. The association has no conection with the
soviet government and receives no
financial support outside of the
dues paid by its members.
Soviet Co-Operatives       American Money Kings
Play Important Role Like Fascist Regime
Interesting Subject
At C. L. P. Open Forum
"What is Wrong with the Canadian Labor Movement" will be the
subject at the next weekly Open
Forum meeting of the Canadian
Labor Party. The speaker will be
J. N. Boult.
The meeting will 'be held, as
usual, in the Royal Theatre. Doors
open at 7:30 p. m. Meetings commence at 8 p. in. After the speaker has completed his address there
will be a period for questions and
discussion. The platform will be
held open to all those desiring to
talk either for or against the
Soviet Union WiU Not
Attend Geneva Meeting
MOSCOW—The Soviet government has forwarded a note to the
league of nations declining to attend any disarmament conference
on Swiss soil, but emphasizing its
willingness to attend a conference
It is known that President Sci
oloja, Italian, of the league, and
Sir Eric Drummond, English, its
secretary general, are in Paris to
confer upon what reply shall be
sent to Soviet Russia. It is annoying, to say the least, to the
league, that Soviet Russia can put
pressure upon the league to bring
the Swiss government to retribution for its outrageous behavior in
the Vorovsky case.
The Swiss, now that the other
nations are forced into relations
with Soviet Russia, are becoming
keenly aware that if the Swiss
government does not make
amends to Russia, all the league
of nations may have to move out
of Switzerland to accomodate the
frequent league conferences which
must include Russia. Thia will
practically bankrupt Swiss business which depends so largely on
league visitors and conference retinues for its income.
(Continued  from  page 1)
independent unions 11, railroad labor 9,Farmer-Labor and allied 7,
foreign 7, Socialist 6, co-operative
3, I. W. W. 3, Negro 1, unclassified 10. -v
During the year, The Federated
Press has had two occasions to
protest the action of the British
government in attempting to bar
its duly credited foreign correspondents. In the case of Scott
Nearing the British finally admitted him, while in the case of Gertrude Haessler, the U. S. state department assured the FP after due
enquiry in London that the bar
was not caused by the FP credential. Both Incidents occurred just
before the threatened British general coal strike. The FP vigilantly supports its correspondents at
home and abroad.
The editorial and business staff
have worked together in unprecedented harmony the past year.
The Chicago news and business,
headquarters is staffed by Carl
Haessler, managing editor, Leland
Olds, industrial editor and Anna
Bela, office secretary. In addition
Joe Carroll, C. A. Moseley and
Harold Bassman have assisted. The
New York bureau has developed
remarkably under the untiring
work of Art Shields and Esther
Lowell. The Washington bureau
continues on its high efficiency
level under Laurence Todd. Among
foreign correspondents with FP
credentials during 1925 may be
named W. Francis Ahern, Scott
Nearing, Len de Caux, Anna Louise
Strong (Anise), Gertrude Haessler,
P. J. Welinder, Jack Armstrong,
Carl Branin and Nellie Seeds Nearing. Among domestic and Canadian correspondents were Tom Tippett, Miriam Allen deFord, Albert
F. Coyle, Harvey O'Connor, Martin
A. Dillmon, Maud McCreery, Harold R. Johnson, J. W, Leigh, John
Robur, Sydney Warren, C. McKay,
Daisy Lee, W. Ivens. A. L. Carpenter, Jack Mette and Stanley Boone.
Luxury is, indeed, possible in the
future—innocent and exquisite;
luxury for all and by the help of
all; but luxury at present can only
be enjoyed by the ignorant; the
cruellest man living could not sit
at Its feast unless he sat blindfolded.—John Ruskin.
organizations are playing an important role in the economic life
of the Soviet Union. During the
revolution, the civil war and the
currency infation, the co-operatives had a bad time, but since
the new economic policy began in
1921 they have received every assistance from the government and
are recognized as one of the chief
factors in the success of a worker
republic. Sales, membership and
economic position have all shown
great gains in the past three years.
Co-operative sales in rubles (1
ruble, 60c) in the republic have
been: 1922-3, 818,000,000; 1923-4,
2,050,000,000; 1924-5, 3,600,000,-
The figure for 1924-5 is an estimate, but for the first nine
months of that year, the sales were
2,700,000,000 rubles, more than 30
per cent, greater than the sales
for the whole previous year.
The co-operatives bake about
40 per cent, of all the bread consumed In the republic. In Moscow
they bake 75 per cent, of the bread
used. The 77 leading co-operative
societies bake more than 80,000,-
000 pounds of bread per month.
Half of all the textiles sold are
handled by the co-operatives. They
also handle 80 per cent, of the oil.
The secretary of the All-Russian
Co-operatives estimates that 60 per
cent, of all Russian workers and
22 per cent, of all peasants belong to the co-operatives and that
the co-operative societies get from
60 per cent, to 55 per cont. of the
monthly wage paid to the workers.
The peasants are taking a growing interest in co-operation. On
June 1, 1925, there were 4,343,000
town members of the co-operatives
and 4,838,000 peasants.
There were 19,000 co-operative
societies ln Russia October 1, 1923.
They had 25,500 shops and 6,896,-
000 members. Two years later,
June 1, 1925, there were 25,500
societies, 49,000 shops and 9,183,-
000 members. During the eight
months ending June 1, 1925, the
membership of the co-operatives
Increased by almost two millions.
Co-operation is no longer a theory in the Soviet Republic. It is
the method by which workers, and
to an increasing extent, the peasants, provide for the distribution
of consumption goodB on a nonprofit basis.
two-hour speech filled with revelations of the partiality of the Wilson and Harding and Coolidge administrations for American financial imperialism, Rep. Rainey of
Illinois, Democrat, denounced the
Italian debt settlement during debate on that measure in the house.
He reviewed the Mussolini dictatorship, with its rule of murder,
arson and crushing out of all possibility of free association of citizens. He declared that America
must not subsidize despotism
based on murder and terror in
Europe by cancelling 75 per cent,
of the debt owed by the Italian
government to the American people. He showed the high profits
taken by Morgan & Co. from the
$100,000,000 loan they sold for
Mussolini to American investors,
and laid upon the Coolidge administration the responsibility for
the Morgan deal.
Reviewing Herbert Hoover's
foreign activities, Rainey showed
that Hoover, as partner and field
manager for the Scotch promoter,
Leslie Urquhart, had secured concessions from the Russian czarist
government which he is now trying to force the Soviet government to restore to them for exploitation.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 MeJ
polltan Bldf.
Vancouver Turkish' Batha, Pa<j
Bldg., 744 Hastings St W.
HASKINS  A   ELLIOTT,   800   P«
Btreet W. The belt makes of blof
on easy termi.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main*]
H. Harvey, B8 Cordova St. W."
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlngi St.
Dr. d. a. McMillan, pali
Graduate. Open daily and evenll
683 Hastings Street West, cor. <_•_)
ville   Street.    Phone   Sey.  6954.
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   tOl  Doming
Red  Star Drug Store, Cor. Ctj
dova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48
tings St. -.
Cordova St. W., few doon wut]
Woodward'!.   Sey. 8687.   Wholeial* •]
retail window glass.
Grandview Hospital—Medieal, ral
leal, maternity. 1090 Victoria DrH
High.   137.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordo
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and :
ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordo;
V   paired,  by expert.    Will  Ed-nan1
96S  Robson  St.    Sey. 2004.
Pitman Optical House,  616 Haj
ings West.	
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hasti]|
Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carfl
Kansas City Building
Crafts Ask Wage Raise
ST. LOUIS.—(FP)—With the
approach of the building season,
building tradesmen of the two
principal Missouri cities, St. Louis
and Kansas City, are seeking to
revise their wage scales upward.
The organized contractors have
taken a stand against any wage
boosts. But the men are solidly
St. Louis painters, receiving
$1.30 an hour, demand $1.50. Other
St. Louis building workers are
drafting new agreements.
Stone and marble masons of
Kansas City demand $1.50 an hour
to replace the present sfcale of
$1.25. Wood, wire and metal
lathers receiving $10 a day, demanding $11. Hoisting engineers,
painters and carpenters will ask
better wages.
Tenders for Trees, Etc.
SEALED TENDERS   addressed  to
undersigned will he received by J
Council up to  8  o'olock p.m.,  on __f
day,  February  1st next,  for the bur
2500  Boulevard Trees,
3000   Seedlings.
Particulars  as   to  sizes  and  varied
and  forms  of  tender  may  he  obtail
on application to the Municipal EnJ
The   lowest  or   any   tender   not
essarily  accepted.
0.   M.
Munioipal Hall,
January 28,  1926.
Patronize our advertisers.
AND        t
Patronize our advertisers.
Say you saw it advertised in the
EMPLOYED tiday, January 29, 1926
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
lian Swaraj Party       Spanish Dictator
To Organize Militia     Having Pleasant Time
Cooks' Strike on the       Swedish Employers
Rivera Hits Tourists        Lock Out Spinners
lAWMPORE—The Indian Na-
lil Congress which has just
eluded   is   a  most  significant
and marks a more drastic de-
Ition of Nationalist policy.       .
the   Swaraj   Party's   policy   of
j-drawing from the Councils, if
f government refuses to respond
[the demands foi- constitutional
prms, was carried by an overtiming majority.
must be remembered that the
ve tactics is only a partial boy-
of the councils, as the Swa-
Ists will attend in order to ob-
jict the Indian government's
pgets, and also  sufficiently of-
to prevent their seats being
llared vacant.
Certainly Swarajist leaders who
ye their eyes on the sweets of
tee, and who amended that Na-
jialists should accept office, re-
ped, and will,  in all probabil-
find their spiritual and polit-
I   homes in the  bosom  of  the
le-serving liberal party,
[his cleansing will not  hinder,
will aid the Nationalist Movent.
!)ne of the most important de-
Ions of the Congress was that
[favor of the formation of a
|tionaI Militia, by voluntary con-
liption. Certain volunteer or-
Jilzations, of a semi-military na-
|e, already exist. It is proposed
ft they form, the basis of the
will be noted that our Indian
tionallsts  have   not   overlooked
example of the Irish, in the
j-my Sinn Fein years, with their
pen army and similar bodies.
HENDAYNE, France.—An alleged attempt to assassinate General de Rivera, Spanish dictator,
has been frustrated, according to
reports received here from Madrid.
Pedro Morante, a Spaniard, who
recently returned to Spain from
the United States, has been arrested in connection with the attempt and has been placed in an
Three peasants of Caudete,
Spain, have been hanged by order
of a court martial which convicted them of having participated in a struggle with the civil
police. Fifteen peasants are still
In jail awaiting sentence. Twenty-
one have been  released.
The Sixth Congress of the Mexican Federation of Trade Unions,
which was held at Juarez last year
passed a resolution to convene a
congress of elementary teachers.
Steps have now been taken to carry out this resolution. The National Committee Of the Federation is first of all making an inquiry among the affiliated organizations concerning the degree of
school education of the members
of the Unions. It is intended to
invite the elementary teachers of
Central and South America to this
conference, as well as the Mexican; and, besides educational
problems, the conference will discuss the economic Interests of the
NICE, Franlce.—Pleasure-seeking parasites, who have flocked
to .the Riviera from all parts of
the globe, were put into gloom
when the cooks went on strike
here for an eight-hour day. The
cooks waited until the hotels here
would be swarming with these
pleasure-seeking and exacting parasites before delivering to the hotel managers their demands for
an eight-hour day and better conditions. In order to bring the
dismayed managers to terms a
little more quickly, instead of
carrying on a long series of negotiations, they went on strike.
Cooks in private homes are in
sympathy with those ln the hotels and will make no effort to
scab  on   their  brothers.
Rockerf eller University
Boosts Education Costs
litary Act Menaces
U.S. Organized Labor
per and  Rep.   Royal  Johnson
le offered in the two branches
pongress the universal conscclp-
bill which has been prepared
the American legion for minting all labor in the industries
lime of war. While It purports
conscript   factories  and   mines
railroads and all other Indus-
wealth as well as labor, the
jsth" of the measure are found
[hose sections which undertake
■make  strikes  and  wage-move-
lits, in time of war, a violation
|he military law. Organized la-
is to be held at the point of
jgun    when    militarism    next
liks loose.
fils bill is opposed by spokes-
of organized labor, and is
fcorted by many lobbyists for
fness. It will not be passed by
er house of Congress at the
lent session.
CHICAGO—(FP)—It will be 20
per cent, harder for worker families to raise -the tuition fee for
their children wishing to attend
the University of Chicago after
July 1. The quarterly fee will then
be $90 -instead of $75. In spite of
many' millions raised in a high
pressure begging campaign the
past year, the university still pleads
poverty. Fortunes are built up
by exploiting the workers in department stores, stockyards and
mall order houses contributed to
the recent drive.
The university was founded
with money given by John D.
Rockefeller when he was the target of public anger because of
the secret rebate system and
other dishonest practices by
which he crushed competitors
and  bled  the  consumer.
The Austrian Social Democratic
Party and the Trade Union Congress aim to set up a Labor College at Vienna. Six-month courses
are being arranged; the students
are to be nominated by the national organizations of the Socialist Party, the Trades Unions and
the Co-operative Societies. A suitable hostel ls to be provided, in
which the students .will toe housed
free of charge during term-time.
The College is to admit young industrial workers, men and women,
as well as officials from the Labor Movement. The College is to
have a governing body of its own
which will be comprised of representatives of the Socialist Party
the Trade Unions and the Co-operative Societies.
Seeks World Alliance
Of Textile Workers
Stay at Lhe
The Plaoe Called Home
I, Oorner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. A121
(100  Elegantly  Furnished
Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
General Wood Jails
Filipino for Criticism
MANILA, P. I.—Protest is running high in the Philippines as
a result of Governor General
Leonard Wood's latest outrage,
the arrest of Manila City Councilman Antonio D. Paguia, Senor
Paguia was sentenced to two
months' in prison for venturing
to   criticize  the   governor-general.
"This is Philippine autonomy
under the Jones act!" a prominent Filipino nationalist remarked
bitterly in an interview. "Just as
it is 'high treason' for a native
of India to say anything disrespectful of the British viceroy or
the king-emperor, so it is a prison offence in the Philippine Islands to impugn the motives, in
tegrity or capability of Uncle
Sam's imperial representatives.
We have had enough of 'autonomy.' Nothing less than complete
and immediate independence can
satisfy the Filipino people."
Senor Paguia criticized Gen.
Wood in the course of a political
campaign speech. This was at a
time when the governor-general
had committed a whole series of
acts directed at the continued enslavement of the Philippine Islands, which have become the favorite prospect for Wall Street's
projected establishment of .vast
rubber plantations under the
American flag.
The Japanese workers and farmers now have 14,600 co-operative societies with a i capital of
$50,000,000. These societies maintain co-operative credit Unions or
banks with deposits from members of $260,000,000. From these
huge resources, equal to the most
powerful banks of New York and
London, the Japanese workers finance their small farm and industrial undertakings. Cheap credit
and freedom from usurers go a
long way toward the industrious
little brown brothers of Nippon.
WASHINGTON.— (FP)—Information received in Washington
from the International Federation
of Trade Uunions at Amsterdam is
to the effect that Tom Shaw, international secretary of the International Association of Textile
Workers, is to visit India, China,
Japan, Brazil and Mexico in order
to stimulate organization and affiliation of the textile workers of
these nations in the international.
Vigorous efforts are to be made to
raise the wage standards in the
industry in the Orient and in Latin
America, and to remove other conditions which oppress the workers
there. Decision on this world-wide
campaign of unionization was
reached at the meeting of the executive committee, at Zurich, in
December. At that meeting the
application of the United Textile
Workers of America was accepted.
—A lockout started ln the Swedish textile industry January 2 embracing 25,000 workerB. The workers, with the exception of the
loom repairers, are organized industrially and belong to the
Swedish Lands organization, the
strongest labor body in the country with 380,000 members. The
loom repairers, about 600 workers,
form a craft union in the same
Lands organization. The fight
centers around this group.
The employers demand that
they leave the main body and
consider themselves a union of
foremen with no right to strike or
it' they continue with the other
workers, to accept reduced wage
scale on an hourly basis instead
of by the week as now.
The loom repairers refuse to
accept either alternative. Hence
the lockout. The industry is paralyzed.
Another fight is looming in the
match industry. This is a big Industry in Sweden and the main
part of the world match trust in
which the Rockefeller money
plays a big part. Wages are outrageously low while the profit ls
In the window glass Industry the
employers declare, that on account of competition from Belgium, Swedish workers must accept a reduction of 6 to 12 per
cent, in wages, while an import
duty of 18 per cent, is demanded.
The Socialist government is taking steps to terminate the textile
Unemployment in Sweden Is
growing and committees are working out plans for government relief. A proposal for unemployment insurance is promised.
Berlin Unemployed
in Precarious Condition
The two federations of Czechoslovakia Trade Unions have recently issued very Interesting annual reports. The one includes 43
federations and 330,000 members,
and the other (Socialist Unions)
has 67 federations and 332,000
members. The Unions affiliated
to the Socialist Federation organized 122 educational courses in
1924 and 9969 lectures. They possess 864 libraries.
BERLIN.—So great is unemployment and so continually does
it become greater, that in searching for a way to give jobs to the
starving thousands of Berliners
seeking work, the city administration is advancing $1,250,000 to
complete the subway from Hermann Platz to the Landwher canal, a project begun in 1912, but
stopped by the war. However,
this work can furnish only a small
percentage of the unemployed
with jobs—and at a good profit
for their bosses as well as the
usual   graft   for  various  officials.
Recently in the French chamber of deputies the department of
war made an official declaration
of the casualties in the -Moroccan
war since, July, 1926. The figures show that 2,500 soldiers were
killed; 1,200 died of various causes
7,300 soldiers were wounded; 160
officers dead and 259 wounded. In
all 11,419 men are dead or have
shed blood for the banks.
Patronize our advertisers.
Ont Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
Hutlngi St. Bart, tf. 911-871     «5 Gran-rill* Stntt   Sty. 9813-1891
161 HMtinfi Street Wut Sey.  1870
Greece has been formally advised by the American government that no extension of a $33,-
000,000 credit will be made and
that she is expected to fund her
existing debt of $15,000,000 on
terms approximating those of the
British settlement. Further meetings of the two commissions have
been postponed to afford the
Greeks time to communicate with
Chicago's Labor Bank
In Healthy Condition
CHICAGO.— (FP)—After four
years without cash return to stockholders the Amalgamated Trust &
Savings bank, Chicago's Labor
bank, will pay 6 per cent, dividends in 1926, voted by the annual
meeting January 12. Profits in
1925 would have been larger but
for the great expense of moving
into the loop district early in the
year and because of the low foreign
exchange rates and low commission charges to borrowers on real
estate, bank officials explain.
The Amalgamated bank, which
is owned largely iby the Amalgamated Clothing Workers union and
its individual members, has 12,000
checking and savings accounts' of
individuals and nearly 300 accounts
of unions and allied organizations.
Forty-Seven Workers
Victims in Ecuador
GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador.—Simultaneously with the wave of imperialist terror sweeping over Cuba
and Cenral America, the republic
of Ecuador has suddenly become
an Inferno, due to the recently
established military directorate
and its efforts to win the favor
of Wall Street and Washington.
Under the pretext of putting down
a "counter-revolution" against the
directorate which seized power
through a coup d'etat, a fierce assault has been begun against the
labor unions and anti-imperialist
elements. Already 47 active workers have been deported from the
Every attempt is being made to
smash the labor organizations.
Besides the deportations, many
workers have been imprisoned.
Th|lngs have not stopped there,
however. The military government has gone so far as to arm
some 3,000 young aristocrats and
adventurers, "to defend the republic menaced by the Bolsheviks," according to public declaration of Minister of War Bolona.
All printshops where labor papers
were published have been destroyed and a veritable campaign of
terror has been begun.
In addition to the special force
above referred to, the regular Ecuadorian army has been called Into play. The army, consisting of
6,000 men, is commanded by a
special Italian (fascist) mission
sent here for purposes of military
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
NEW ORLEANS.—(FP)—Attracted by newspaper reports of
the many public improvements not
only In New Orleans, but on the
Gulf coast, thousands of strangers
are in the city vainly seeking employment. Charity organizations
are taxed to capacity. Page Four
Friday, January 29,
&<Ukrid fay,
Address  All  Letters  and
Remittances to the Editor
Hty (Eanatan ffiabor Aimnrai*
1129 .Howe-Street, Vanconver, B.C.  £!?.!?.™ll?,,,,,SL,,,,,i?,H?,,,,
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
PORTLAND city council is
launching a campaign of advertising calcultacd to impress the
uniniatcd that crime docs not pay.
Tiie campaign is to last for four
months, and poteutial brigands
■ are to be shown "that a life of
crime Is bare of all recompense".
True to their capitalist training
the Portland aldermen flgure that
the only route to a man's conduct ls through his pocket bonk.
Seemingly they also think that
Portland has a sufficient number of millionaires, and are trying to persuade all and sundry to
become "honest workingmen".
* • »
T W. MEEKINS. C. S. trade
commissioner, has reported to
the American department of Commerce that "business indicators"
in Canada point in the direction
of a trado improvement. ..One of
the "indicators" he cited is "in-
of the opinion that tlie income
creased Immigration". He ls also
tax should he reduced. From all
of which we gather that Uncle
Sam's financiers are being informed that an opportunity may
be presented In this country for
them to invest some money, and
wring some profits from the expected immigrants. He also wants
to see that the Dominion government does not grab off any of it
in tlie shape of an income tax.
« * »
IT S. BUSINESSMEN seem to bc
developing an aristocratic
complex. Tlie president of the
Pacific States Butter, Egg, Cheese
and Poultry Association is complaining that people refer to them
as "butter and egg men," and says
snch an appoint km is nothing
short of slander. This is strangely reminiscent of thc old British
aristocracy, who used to consider
it a disgrace to be associctcd with
trade. Seemingly they have not
yet nrrived at the stage where the
term "steel magnate" would be
obnoxious, but they arc on their
way. .    ,   ,
TJUSSIA has hud several months
respite from lying proi>agnn-
da ln the Canadian press, but apparently the barrage has opened
np again. While the daily papers
lie about conditions in the Soviet
Union, and tell of packs of famished children, the eyes of thc
populace are diverted from thc
comic opera at Ottawa, The fact
that Russia is compelling thc League ot Nations to trim its sails
may also bo wounding thcir family pride.
• **•♦'»
taught to Vancouver children
says the daily press. Presumably
this means teaching the -young the
necessity of beating the other fellow before he beats them, that is
if present day standards arc to bc
taken as a basis. Business Immorality, however, would be n better
name for It.
• •    •
taken another rioso dive with
dlsasterous results to his collar
bone. Once upon a time kings
mounted on war chargers rode at
the head of their armies, nnd took
part In the battles, but thnt wns
in tho days when, ns onc Labor
writer poetically puts (It. "Kings
could sit on horses."
• •   *
r*_iXJ—, it is said, makes a very
^ good adhesive.
' Why Patch a Rotten Vessel?
A CORRESPONDENT in this issue suggests that the Federal
government abolish the office of Governor General; the
provinces abolish the various lieutenant-governor offices;
amalgamate minor cabinet positions, and use the monies thus
saved on building up industries, increasing employment, and
reducing the cost of living. 'Our correspondent asks for our
opinion on the subject, and gives as his objective: Drastic
economy, and work with a, living wage for the unemployed. _*
We might reminder 'friend of the old Labor adage that it,
is not more work the worker requires, 'but more rest—rest
not only fromnis labors, but also rest from worries over his
economic position. It might also be. pointed out that if large
scale industry ensured employment the British Isles should
be a place where an abundance of jobs could be secured. Thc
fact that such is not the case proves we must look in another
direction for relief from our economic ills.
It is at the point of production that the worker is fleeced.
This truism cannot be too frequently reiterated, because, an
understanding of it is necessary to an understanding of present day society. The worker agrees to work for a certain
length of time for a certain wage. During the course of his
day's toil he produces a greater value than he receives in return in the shape of wages. The difference between what he
produces and receives is known as surplus values, jand is the
source of all profits, no matter in what form they- present
It is of no small moment to those who work for a daily
wage how those who neither toil nor spin divide up amongst
themselves the fruits of our labor. It is a matter of minor
importance whether they dole it out to obsolete political
figure-heads, or use it to build more factories and import more
workers to operate them. Our great problem (at the moment)
is to reduce the rate of exploitation by increasing real wages,
or reducing the hours of toil—the latter preferably—and ultimately to forever end a social system the very basis of which
condemns us to a life, of wage-slavery.
Listening In
On Ottawa
a  snap  of the  finger, !whi!
really   big   problems  are
neglected,   and   left   undiscul
The same gentleman cluck]
"wheat belt" physics:—
 I  "I am perfectly  well awl
(As heard by the Editor) the fact that just so long
•TiHE   strange   rendition   of   the  have to the south of us a
1    devil's   tattoo   coming   in   on  with  one   hundred  and  tenj
the   radio   during' the  past  week  'lons of people, the law of
was not caused  by static  but  by tatlon will always drawi a cl
vociferous ejaculations at Ottawa,   percentage   of   our   populatid
as our statesmen "struggled with  the south.    It is a law of nt
geography," and wrested with such  and it will work inevitably."]
problems  in  statecraft as raising      Mr.'J. K.  Flemming, M.pl
cattle,     cultivating     strawberries,  Vlctoria-Carleton, on the dlf|
marketing,   ham    and   eggs,   and  ties  of higher education:-—
civilizing  Scotchmen.    The  latter,      "There  was  another and
although   not   national    products stupendous struggle with  get]
like home brew or Douglas fir, are  phy when the people of this
causing a revamping of Canadian  try undertook to  build a ral
politics. across the Rocky Mountains.
STATION:   HOUSE   OP   COM- Mr. Speaker, later we had anl
MOjNS,  OTTAWA.  Subject: Reply  tremendous struggle with ge|
to  the  Speech  from  the Throne.  Phy   when,   about   twenty
H. A. MuHins, M.P. lor Marquet-  ago, Sir Wilfrid Laurier. . .
tc, broadcasting:— posed the construction of a
"Scotchmen   like   our   Canadian  way from Winnipeg to the
steers.    I was over their last win-  tio seaboard."
ter and I saw Irish steers stand-      Sir George Perley, on the
ing at the rail while our "Canadian  tlon between the gustatory-
steers were being taken.   Our cat-  and a tariff on strawberriesJ|
tie    do    wonderfully    well    over      "Strawberries which are brq
there. The Scotchman, Mr. Speaker, is a wonderful man for feeding
cattle. ... He   is   not  a  disturbing element at all  but  is a self
satisfied well-doing man.   He believes   implicitly  in   two   things—
the Sabbath day and turnips. He
(Continued on page 5)
—lleeta eecond Monday In tht
Preaident, J. B. White; aeeretary,
feeds turnips lavishly to  our cat-  Neelandi.   P. 0. Box tt.
The   same   gentleman   on
ranching abilities:—
"Western     Canada ....     sent
Old Age as Political Bait
IjTROM Ottawa comes word that the present government (providing it continues in office) intends introducing an old
age pension scheme. If press reports of the proposed bill be
authentic it is going to be like all Liberal measures—"notable
for its omissions.'" Reports at hand indicate that all beneficiaries must be "deserving indigent persons of 70 years of age
and upward. ... be British subjects of at least 20 years' residence in Canada, or naturalized subjects of at least 15 years
naturalization, and 25 years residence; and that the maximum
rate of pensions be $20.00 per month, which would be lessened
by private income, or partial ability to pay."
Apparently the King government intends that the average
worker shall be given every opportunity to die before he becomes of age. The. stress and strain of say 50 years toil in a
logging camp is sufficient to kill an elephant, much less a man.
However, those'who do have the vitality to survive half a
century of gruelling labor are to be afforded an opportunity
of experiencing the sensation of slowly starving on $20.00 per
Referring to the P. G. E. Railway, John Oliver says: "Capital knows no international boundaries." (Doubtless the hon.
gentleman learned this fact from some of the Labor members
in the Legislature) King, however, by his proposed pension
scheme, wants to make, certain that those whom an all-wise
providence condemned to be born in a foreign country, must,
have toiled for at least 25 years in Canada, otherwise they get
nothing. Seemingly he wants to make certain that a Canadian
capitalist has exploited them for at least half of their life.
From this one is apt to draw the startling inference that King
has even less brains than Oliver, because the latter says capital
knows no international boundary, and the former seemingly
thinks it has.
Obviously King, by this proposed measure, is making a bid
for Labor votes at next election, and at the. same time wants
to retain his capitalist friends-
hte     111, SIS Pander St. Weet.
meeting a lit and 8rd Wedneiday |
lngi. B. H. Naelanda, Chairman; I
Morriion, Seo.-Treaa.; Angua Mad
35*4* Prinoe Edward Btreet, V«nc*
representatives to champion the B.C., Oorruponding Seeretary, .
cause of the live stock industry. , Any dlitrict in Brltlih Oolumbl
„,, , „ ,,,,       ilring  information re  neuring  ipq
1 here   are plenty  of  men  sitting 0r thi formation of local branohei,j
at the other end of this chamber *J  communicate  with  Provincial
s,,un   „,ni    i r.s,      «...     .u u    .   fW J*  Ljrle  Telford,   624 Birki
who   will   look   after   the   wheat  Vancouver,    B.O.    Telephone    Hi
end, but not enough of them are  1882, or Bay-flew two.	
looking   after   the   livestock ....  BAKERY   SALESMEN,   LOCAL
I am in the live stock industry, a ^1X1*^7*
feeder and producer of cattle, one well;  finanoial  iecretary,  H.  i
of those  on the prairies who are  ron, 781 18th Ave. Eaat.	
trying   to   make   two    blades   of CIVIO  EMPLOYEES'   DNION,
grass  grow  where  but  one grew  ft^V^^ fe
before." p.m.     President,   B.   K.   Brown,]
t.i i ... . . Oharlea  St.;  aecretary-treaaurer,
Idolatrous   statements   concern- Harriion, 1182 Parker St.
ing the "sacred cow," by the same MUSICIANS'   MUTUAL  PBOTEfl
gentleman:— UNION,  Looal  148,  A.  F.  ttl
«.__     o„    ■        _v. _ _   , ,  _,     Um'» la G.W.V.A. Hall,  Seymou!
Mr. Speaker, that good, kindly  ptnder   Streeta,   aeoond   Sunday
soul called W. T. K. Preston came  »•"•   Preaident, E. O. Miller, »f
into   my   constituency   during  the {ft Coi rtPib&tU .«!
last   campaign   to   talk   on   that  W. E. Wllliama, SSI Nelaon atreel
sacred   business,   the  cattle   trade •*"■'■"' F- rl«tl""r' "l f""on
Fancv a man like that dis-   THE   FED EBATED   SEAFAl
.... xancy a man like tnat as-     DNI0N   0F   0ANjU,A_H,ld,a
cussing  a  sacred   proposition  like  lt Booma 8,  • and  7, Flaok
the  cattle tradei" 1*8 Haatinga Straet W., VaneouveJ
Tel. Bey. 8881. Preaident, Bobert "
Hon. W. lt. Motherwell, Minis- Vlce-Preaident,  Da-rid  Olllnpla;
ter of Agriculture  on the patriot- £3^** SSftUl
ic et forts o£ the Canadian hen:— Btreet, Vlotoria, B.O.   Phone MM
"Canadian hens have been lay- Typo8RAPHIOAL  UNION,  No.
ing   very   much   more   generously Preaident, B. P. Pettipiece; vln
at this time of the year than us- *£  «■ £ *££$ J,""'^-]
ual*—more generously in fact than Meeta laat Bunday of each montk]
ever known in the history of Can- P*"*** la Holden Building, 18 Haetif
ada   for   manv   decades" PBINOE    BUPEBT    TYPOOBAPlf
aaa  lor  many  aecaaes. UNION.   No.   418—Preaident,
Mr.  Munion:   "In   view   of   the  ",cd?n»la:   ••-'",,r-T-tr",ur"-
, _ . ■ ■ .t Lu     _«■•,' < .        t,   .      Campbell,   P.O.   Bo*   tS8.     **"
statement of the  Minister  of Ag-  Thuraday of eaeh month.
riculture is it his intention, as a ****************************.
minister, to claim foif the government credit for the I improvement
in the laying qualities of the Canadian hen?"
ffiabar Action
with Which la Incorporate^
By the Ubor PnbHihlng Oj
Bnalneaa and Editorial Offici
1128 Howe St.
The Hon. the Minister of Agriculture on freedom for hens:—
"The hon. member for South
Wellington, so the report goes,
said: 'What is this man Motherwell doing with our eggs anyhow?
Can't our hens be permitted to The Canadian Labor Advocate ia
lay as they want to?' " factional weekly newipaper, givlni
of the farmer-labor movement ln
Mr.  Forko,   Progressive  leader, ~"~    ,. -       - •       __ ,   .  „. _ ,
*_i,.„....,.    „i.__.<,   _.»   i_.__.n_  ,__        Subecrlptlon  Ratce:   United  Statei
showing   signs   ol   intelligence:—     /ore|gn,   $2.60 per  year;  OanadP
"How little the people really ' per year, fl for ab montha; to i
know about the important ques- "^'pi?'moX* U*T' "" P"'
tions before the Dominion at the Member The Federated Praia and]
present time.    You will find men  BrltUh UDot Preaa
in public life quarrelling over tri-
f*"a. things that do not amount to Friday, January 29,1926
Page Five
The Week at Ottawa
Listening In On Ottawa
By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.)      now   differs   materially  from   the
HEN  I  wrote  last  week   the  Platform on  which  they went  to
vote   on  the  first  ammend-  the country. The nearest approach
nt had not yet been taken. The  to a -°ublio brIbe was tnat offer-
irest was very keen,  hundreds  ed   b*  Mr-   Guthrie   which,   if  it
eople having come to hear the  menat  anything,  means that  the
tes  only  to  be  turned   from  Conservatives    were     willing     if
doors.    When  the  vote   was  glven P°wer to go slow In putting
:en,   near   one   o'clock   in   the   lnt0   Practice   their    protectionist
'rning,   the  galleries  were   still   Princtples.    On  the   principles  of
■wded to their utmost capacity,   co-operation and compromise, and
Vhen the Roll Call Is taken a  with the situation of the country
1 is rung, the Whips gather in  as l* ls today' Perhaps even this
the  Members,  and  the  doors  point  of  vlew  mJSht  have  some
shut. In this vote every mem-  Justification,
but   one   Conservative   (who Liberal  Love-Making
s ill  was present.    One by one      0n  the   wnole  the   attitude   of
n the  long rows,'each  Mem-  the   Conservatives   has   been   un-
rises in his seat and his name  compromising.    They have shown
called out by the Deputy Clerk  no willingness to co-operate. The
the House, and recorded by the  Llberals, on the other hand, per-
-rk.    Mr. Meighen rose first in  haps naturally, are very keen in-
port of his ammendment,  foi-  deed   for   the   co-operation.   They
ed   of   course   by   the   entire  have   been   wooing   the   Progres-
inservative  group.    Then   came  slves  and   Independents   with   an
je vote with keenest interest. A  ardor that is positively embarras-
logressive   rose,   a   second,   and  sine'    Just what the co-operation
rd,  a fourth,  a fifth.    No one  lnv°lves is not very apparent. The
on the  opposite side  of the  government    undoubtedly    would
use.   Those who had kept close  Iike   to   take   lnto   their   cabinet
bnt  knew that the amendment  some ot the Progressive members,
s defeated.   When the negative  being  willing apparently  to  con-
p called, the Liberals voted sol-  cede that the group would main-
y^_ followed   by   the   Indepen-  tain lts ^entity. Whether this ar-
•Tts and the Labor men  seated  rangement is possible under exist-
vard the rear of the chamber.   ing circumstances is very dubious,
en on the other side, the Pro-  The    Progressives   and    Indepen-
dents are more inclined to co-operate in putting through those
legislative measures which both
groups have in common. Whether
the government will feel Itself
safe in attempting to carry on
without any more definite guarantees than this is again a matter
of doubt. But desperate men will
take desperate risks, and the government is undoubtedly fighting
for  its  very  life.
The Voice of Reaction
Those   who   voted   against   the
erish'anJetyTo "exercise" every  amendment    are    feeling    rather
Bible  degree  of influenece  pro  more confirmed in the correctness
of their judgment by the attitude
.he papers have had a good °f the reactionary press. In the
U to say about bribery and cor- editorlal already referred to- the
ption.    If   we  read   on   behind  Globe   urees:
headlines, the bribery and "Better put up with another
h-uption referred to is not per- general election, get back to the
tal  but the terms are  descrlp-  two-party    system,     and    secure
of the methods used by the stable government at once."
lltical parties. To the honor If the recent vote has prevent-
the Independent Members, ed the stable government that
lo so largely control the sltua- some of the Interests would like
In, it should be said that there to have established, that is, a
la so far as we know no at- government free from effective
Jipt at anything like personal criticism, much has been accom-
fbery  or  undue  influence  of  a  Plished-     If   a   S?neral   election
would mean a return to the two-
party   system   and   the   death   of
ssives added their quota.
A Close Call
e   amendment   was   lost   by
>e votes. Had any two more
mbers voted Conservative the
iision would have been reversed
d the Conservatives would have
en in power. Millions of dol-
s had been spent during the
ction in the effort to decide
s issue which, after all, was at
s time decided by two votes,
ts  it  any  wonder  that  during
preceding days there had been
the Independent groups,  then we
[tterial nature.
Toronto Globe Suspicious
Globe editorial denounces the may well continue to explore pos
liatlon as follows: sible methods of co-operation.
['The six days of political jock- * * *
ng, wire-pulling, button-holing, In preVious years we have re-
Inipulating and Intriguing are fei.red to the extravagant and
Ire than sufficient. The sordid democratic character of many of
fctacle of the representatives tho formalities and functions con-
the two historical parties necte(J with the Opening of Parading one another at the nament. in reply to a critic
unter eager to pawn their pro- the Ottawa Journal recently came
Led principles and policies for to the defence of the Drawing
fee has sickened the public. The R0om and social functions:
blcal way in which the sup- "After all, men and women
kedly unsophisticated group crave an(j need amusement, it
ht finds itself possessed of pow- drives away dullness, drabbiness:
| to make or break has trotted jt ja a wholesome corrective
camp to camp inviting ov- against intellectual stagnation,
lures, if not soliciting "consld- and what is most Important of all,
Jtion,"   has  disgusted  the   pub- lt   Keeps   people   from   the   most
dreadful of all fates—taking
t The Progressives' Position themselves too seriously."
luch hysterical statement is ab- This advice might be very good
]itely unwarranted. The Pro- if directed towards certain class-
slves and Independents frank- es of our population. ProbaJbly
|and openly asked both the many of our farmers and Indus-
larger parties to state their trial workers live too dull and
lition with regard to certain drabby a life. Possibly, a little
]re public questions. There does of the theatrical performance
seem to be any political im- which we have in Parliament
Irality ln their being willing to might be of some assistance to
bport the government that will them. Just why it should be nec-
Jrry out the programme of the essary for society at Ottawa is
[ople   who  sent  them   to   Otta- not quite so apparent.
So far as the morality of the      We have been inclined to think
parties  is  concerned,   that   is that  the trouble  was  with  many
IrhaPs    a    somewhat    different of   our   Members   that   they   did
lestlon.    The  Liberals  have ap- not    take    themselves    seriously
Irently broadened out their pro- enough.     However—on   with   the
■ramme.    It is not clear that It dance.
By   LELAND    OLDS,    Federated
■"PHE gold cure or revolution—
these alternatives face France
today, according to C. W. Barron
in The Wall Street Journal. Bussia, Italy, Germany and England
have taken their medicine, he
says, and are seeking restoration
of their industries on a gold basis.
"The whole world," he says, "is
today revolving around the problem of gold and the gold cure.
The United States has one-half
of the money gold of the world
and is therewith gorging itself to
repletion with a prosperity that
must end. Therafter, and just
when it thinks it needs lt, the
United States will have to give
up its gold to countries that have
taken their gold cure, set their
standards, and underbid the United States in wbHd trade." !'
Two years ago Barron said of
the importance of gold: "If you
think historically you will see
that, preceding every great world
movement, every great lunge forward of the human race has begun with a structure of credit or
of gold or silver beneath it. You
know that modern civilization after the middle ages began with
the output of silver from South
An employe of the United
States mint named Del Mar became interested in the history of
the precious metals. Generalizing
on his long study he said: "Rising from the obscure details of
the early history of the precious
metals, it may not be amiss before the opening of its modern
chapters to briefly characterize
its general features. These are
slavery and conquest: slavery being the means by which the precious metals were chiefly acquired,
and conquest those by which their
possession was transferred , from
one nation to another."
By these methods gold has
come Into the possession of today's capitalist oligarchy although
today slavery is masked by the
wage system and conquest by indemnities and investments. War
inflation threatened the gold standard and produced the specter of
social bankruptcy. The oligarchy
recognized that social bankruptcy
meant  social  revolution.
So world capitalism hails the
return of each successive nation
to the gold column as a victory
lor the present social order. Even
Hussia is considered half way
back to the fold with its gold
But as gold represents not only
the Integrating agency in socialized production but also slavery
and conquest, its stability laciis
permanence. Instead of encouraging industry it stimulates trading,
financing, gambling, avarice and
luxury. What is accounted the
basis of wealth and power becomes a source of danger to the
country's industries and of poverty and decay to its people.
The Journal continues i:s editorial:
"People who denuonce social
life forget what lt means ln an
economic way to our modern life.
They forget that jewels and
gowns,, that chic hats and blouses,
that silver slippers and the daintiest lingerie, provide work for
tens  of  thousands."
It is not any great consolation
for the thousands that toil to
know that a few privileged people have all the advantages of
their labor. If the economies of
the writer are sound, might It
not be a good thing to distribute
purchasing power so widely that
the public at large might be able,
if they so desire, to wear these
coveted jewels and gowns and
hats and blouses and slippers and
lingerie. But each of your readers may draw his own conclusions:
I wish merely to give some idea
of the mental attitude that so
largely prevails in Ottawa.
(Continued from page 4)
into this country in March or April are not nearly as good as our
own which come later, but if we
eat them freely at that time our
appetite for strawberries is satiated, so that when our own come
in there is not the demand for
them that there would be if the
United States fruit were not admitted. How the hon. gentleman,
therefore, can make any objection
to a stiff duty on' all fruit and
vegetables imported from the
United States, I cannot understand."
NOTE:—Should the reader desire to secure original copies af
these gems of parliamentary wisdom, the Editor will be pleased
to supply the number and page
of .Hansard* *w^er,e i^ean, b,e found.
Mexican Labor Raps
American Imperialists
MEXICO CITY.—Reports are
still coming in to the capital from
outlying sections of Mexico testifying .to the activity of the workers, and students of this republic
on behalf of the Cubans-oppressed by the present wave of imperialist terror on the island
known as the "pearl of the Antilles." Latin-American solidarity
against the common Wall Street
enemy is creating a widespread
movement which cannot fail to
have permanent results, particularly if seconded by the workers
of the United States.
A complete line for Men,
■**■ Women and Children.
Every pair a genuine bargain. Our low prices will
surprise you.
(Directly Oppoalts Standard Furniture Coy.)
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
We Have Some Oood Bays ln .
Cash   Payments   As  Low  As  *f*.*>
Phone Sey. 7105       1385 GranvUle St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure  Your  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold   -
714 Hastings St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
■THE voice currents used
in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. 0. Telephone Company
Bird, Bird  &  Lefeaux
101-108 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 6668 and 8887
No   Drugs  Used  in  Examination
THIS advertisement moans high-
grado glasses, with a thorough and advanced eyo examination by a graduato specialist. You
will find that we give tho most
valuo for tho least monoy, and
wo stand back of all work
turned out.
If your eyes ache,  seo ub.
Entrance 680 Robson St.-
Phone Sey. 81)55
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Fhone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
TAOCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between dis-
•*-'   eased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two some physician sends mo a patient to hnvo his
teeth attended to, and in tho majority of ensos tho doctor's suspicions
aro confirmed, and tho health improves when lho Dental neods liavo
beon  supplied.
This is natural; good Mood deponds on good digestion, nnd this in
turn depends on mastication.
Dr. Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Datc Methods.
RAINTEST CLOTHING— Blankets  $8.00 pair up
!,hirtts   *!'?? * Men's Underwear,   heavy rib-
Pants         $5.00
Tin   Pants                      $5.00 ,)e(l*   special   $1.50  garment
Mein's   Heavy   Tweed   Pants, for    ■'.    05e.
,    ,„   , *4*50 „u, .    . Clearing Price of Men's Rub-
Men's  Mackinaw  Shirts  from ,
$5,50        Der C°ats,  with  bolt,  regu-
Coats from ....  $0.95        lar  $10.00  for $0.95
We Carry Union Mado Shoes
18-20 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Page Six
Friday, January 29,192
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarer!
of Canada.)
Farmers Labor for
"^Xtaa-o   Telegraphers Toil Long Houn
TTHE auditors appointed to audit
the books and records of the
organization, of the past year
(January 1st to December 31st,
1925) reported at last meeting of
the uniop, held on Friday, January 22nd, that after three days'
work they found everything in
good shape, including finances,
assets,  etc.
Considering the amount of
"benefits" paid during the year,
and the many little points gained
for the seafarers in general on
the coast of British Columbia, and
the assistance given to members
of other organizations, who were
not represented here, the union
has done  well.
A large number of seamen, firemen and oilers joined the organization from January 1st to December 31st, 1925. Many seafar-'
ers transferred from other organizations, including some from The
National Sailors' & Firemen's Union of Canada, which organization
represents the remnants of the
Sailors' Union of the Pacific, who
In their efforts to re-establish
themselves have unsuccessfully resorted to all kinds of tactics to
break up the Federated Seafarers'
Union of Canada. Recently the
secretary was ordered by the organization to sue the former secretary of the National Sailors' &
Firemen's Union for making slanderous statements, on the "Waterfront," about the Seafarers' Union, and its secretary. The result
was that Mr. Campbell was ordered to pay damages to the extent of five hundred dollars and
costs. As a result of the case,
many of those that thought the
statements of the defendant were
true, became members of the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada, and were only to glad to support the cause of the seamen in
British Columbia which was the
sole object of the The Federated
Another feature of the work of
the organization was the resistance to the efforts of the Consolidated Whaling Corporation of
Victoria,   to   reduce  the   bonus  of
76 Hastings East
Ute  B_th  Batt. and 72nd Batt.
the seamen on the whalers during
the month of May, 1925, when the
men refused to sail unless the
rates of the previous year were
granted. The Federated Seafarers' is the only organization which
represents the cause of the seamen and firemen sailing from
Although the efforts of the C.
G. M*' M. have been very successful in preventing delegates of
the Seafarers' Union getting
aboard the vessels of that company, many of the men, who were
not organized, after making a
trip soon found out the headquarters of The Federated Seafarers'
on Hastings Street, and expressed
their opinion of the conditions
aboard the ships of the C. G. M.
M. Ltd.
, The organization was successful in having the vaccination fee,
returned to seamen who had the
doctors fee stopped from their
wages,, through the efforts of Mr.
J. P. Hogg, who wrote the C. G.
M. M. regarding the wrongful
stoppage from the seamen's
wages. This saved many seafarers more than a day's pay.
Quite a few seamen who were
not organized complained of the
conditions existing aboard C. G.
M. M. vessels. The Federated
Seafarers used each letter, and
through the Labor Advocate some
improvements were made, especially in the ease of the Canadian
Seigneur, and the Canadian Importer, two of the very worst of
the company's vessels. The men
on the Importer were short of
rations for a matter of ten days
on one voyage, and the S. S. Canadian Seigneur was the ship that
reported from every port the form
of starvation that the crew was
subjected to. The following trip,
owing to the publicity that had
been given by the Labor Advocate, under the heading of "Starvation at Sea," the crew were
treated a lot hetter than on the
former trip, and many non-union
men were the first to come to
the headquaters and compliment
the paper and organization for
the successful exposure of the
conditions aboard the "Seigneur."
The Importer had the reputation
of being a hard case ship.
When speaking to one of those
responsible for the victualling of
the "Importer" on the dock* at
Vancouver, the remark that this
was the third trip the "Importer"
had been short of food elicited the
retort: "No, Billy, it is the fourth
A complaint came from the
crew of the S. S. Princess Beatrice of the C. P. R. regarding
the food and the conduct of the
chief stewards towards the men
that had the nerve to complain,
was quickly adjusted by the man-
LBLAND OLDS, Federated
Farmers don't get a reward
for their labor and a return on
their capital commensurate with
the wages and returns to capital
and enterprise ln. industry, says
the U. S. department of agriculture in a statement urging restric
tions on the undue expansion  of  weekly the third month; $18 week-
farm   areas.     It   draws  attention
to  the  low  incomes farmers  are
now getting as follows.
"After paying interest, rent,
taxes, and money expenses, it is
estimated that the net cash Income of American| fajrmers to)*
the crop year 1924-5 averaged
only $610 plus an average consumption of food from the farm
valued at $336. This) return
represented what farmer operators   received   in   interest   on   an
Federated Press)
matio sender.     The work s
eyes, ears and nerves.
The  machines  connect  all]
principal telegraph  points
country.   The   girl types   onl
machine in New York    andj
message is printed off by
chine in,  say,  Seattle,  where|
other worker pastes lt on a
ly the  first  three  months work;   for distribution. The messageij
$19  afterward  until the company  relayed to offices not having
is ready to give a further raise,   matic  connection  by  Morse <
In New York city, where living is  graphers, men and girls
high priced, the experienced girls  out the messages toy hand oveij
make about $100 a month. wires which carry many mesa
A 7 per cent, wage increase be-  at once-   Machines and glrls.f
came effective for selected workers  duolnS more work Per hour<
(By  Esther  Lowell,
IVTEW YORK.—(FP)*—Profits of
*■' $16,1-70,089 made by WeBtern
Union in 1926 are making some
girl machine telegraphers employed-by the company look.twice at
their yearly earlngs. The girls
make $15 weekly the first month
training;    $16    the   second;    $17
of Western Union on January 1.
The raise does not apply to all the
workers. "We know our people,"
the New York superintendent of
machine telegraphers tells Feder-
average Investment of $6,043 and ated Press. The company now pro
as wages for the labor of themselves and their families. An
allowance for. the labor of the
farmer and his family at average
wages of hired farm laborers
besides what the farm supplies
to the family living would leave
no interest return whatever on
the farm operator's capital. In
fact the average family would
have lacked $184 of having anything to apply as Interest on
their   capital   investment.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
Wa Make a Special Effort to Oet Gooda Out by Flnt Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Cordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
agement of the company in their
usual  courteous manner.
Owing to the limited amount
of space in the Advocate the balance of the report will be held
over until the next issue. See that
you get both copies.
Morse telegraphers employed;
Western  Union  and  Postal
graph are now  poorly organ!)
No local of the Commercial
graphers' union exists for then
New York.    The  brokerage
graphers have a local of this-J
ternatlonal,   but   this   local
not   take   telegraphers,   Mors
machine, from the big commci]
telegraph  companies.
Western Union  has a comij
union, however.    Federated
will  have  a  story  about  this|
Ask Any Labor Man.
Hospital Notes
The many friends of Dad Gi-
martin are glad to hear that
"Dad" has been discharged from
the General Hospital. He is on
the look-out for work although
not in the best of shape to do so.
Harris Manos was disharged
from St. Paul's Hospital on Monday and is being treated as an
out patient. Harris has been
suffering from a bruised hand
which he got hurt while working
for the Coastwise Steamship &
Barge Company, bn the Barge
Granby No,  1.
Other seafarers in St. Paul's
being visited once or twice a week
by the Federated Seafarers' Union
of Canada are: M. McPhail, A.
B„ from the Wairuna; Phil Cree-
gan, from the S. S. E. D. Kings-
ley and S. F. Wilson and Emil de
"Maesschalck, both seamen from
British  ships.
Some Belgian seamen are still
ln  hospital  from  the  "Gertrude."
Australian Labor Papers Please
Genuine enquiries are being
made for tlie whereabouts of W.
T. Hannah, lost heard of at Montreal, but believed to be in Australia, and Woolston Levers, seaman. Letters from the relatives
of the above mentioned are in the
oflico of The Federated Seafarers'
Union of Canada.
Brother J.  Campbell added  his
name to the subscribers list of the  was "a peace of spoils and indent
displaced    Morse    operators
once, did.all the  work and
unionized.    Morse   operators
get  higher  wages ! than  the
chine  workers.    Pneumatic
connect  many New  York  brcj
poses to give girls working nights  offlces-    eliminating    even
16 per cent, more than Workers.     Morse telegraphers.
One of several girls brought by
the company from Salt Lake city
tells Federated Press that her companions and many of the other girl
machine telegraphers in the New
York offlce are working 12 to 16
hours daily.    Time and a half is
paid  for  over  eight  hours work.
The   state   law   limiting women's
work to ten and restricting certain
night work is posted in the.Western Union offlce but crossed over
and  marked   "Does  not apply to
this offlce."   The girls are required
to work every third Sunday. Since employers' device next week.
the  New   York  offlce  cannot  get
enough girl workers, those on the
job  frequently work through two
weeks or more without a day off.
Western Union pays transportation  to  and   from  New  York  to
girl    machine    telegraphers    who
promise to stay three months, one
of the Salt Lake city girls declares.    In the ,Mormon town the
girls are not paid while learning
and   $86   per  month is the  high
wage for all but workers who have
been years with the company.
Girls    work    eight hour    shifts
with half hour lunch and two 15
minute recesses.   No girl can leave
her place until relieved by another.
Each  machine    telegrapher  must
keep her eyes following the moving line of print which the automatic types out on tape or on rolls
of paper.    She must catch every
mistake.     She   must   be able   to
touch type messages on the auto-
U. S. Liberal Razzes
League of Nations
Bob" La Follette's first speech in
the Senate was an indictment of
the world court. He tied it up
with' the League of Nations, and
in fighting phrases that reminded
his hearers of his distinguished
father he- roasted the whole lot as
a betrayal of American liberty
and of the1 cause of humanity.
He recalled the discovery and
publication, by the' Russian Bolsheviki, of the secret treaties by
which the Allied powers had divided, in advance, the spoils of
the war. At that time Wilson was
talking of "war for democracy,"
and "peace without victory". But
the   peace   written   at   Versailles
Honaekeeping  and   Transient ]
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
"BUI" Hungerford and K. Oa
bridge, Fropa.
Patronize our advertisers.
Big reductions, splend
values. Regular prie
$22.50 to $42.50, now-
$15 to $37.62
Oor. Homer and Haatingt I
Advocate. Many more are needed
to keep a live paper such as the
Advocate going.
The next meeting of the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada
will be held on Tuesday, February
2nd, at 8 p.m., in the Hall at 163
Hastings Street West. Important
Mall List
Boland, F.; Boland, T.; Bates,
H.; Bell, A.; Beckett, H.; Farqu-
har, D.; Henderson, C; Hannah,
J.; Hamil, B.; Love, W.; Lawson,
J.; Matthews; Maddigan, M.; Maekay, J.; McDonald, J.; McLean, L.;
McLeod, M.; McCann, J.; Odgen,
A. W.; Put.-., A. E.; Reld, C; Starr,
J.; Tarrat, C. W„; Worrall, Wm.
nltles, of cruel, inhuman exercise
of power of the conqueror over
over the conquered, such as had
never been known to the civilized
world. Instead of high moral
principles, noble ideals that the
peoples* of the, ^orld who had
been fighting the war had been
led to expect would control the
peace treaty, selfishness, greed,
revenge, political expediency held
unquestioned, unlimited --.way at
He described the French outrages against the population of
the Rhur, the destruction of Damascus, and the cowardice of the
League in fallling to take up either issue.
The Original
Logging Bool
qulak Serriee for Bepaln
All Work Guaranteed
ipeoial Attention to Mall Order]
H. Harvey
Ettabllihad ln Yaneonrer la U%%
•     -     ' ay, January 29,1926
Page Seven
Iters in Britain
Publish Pit Paper
(^CHESTER, Eng.—(FP)—
at the Rufford mme, Not-
fmshire are publishing a "pit
" the Rufford Star. The
appears every two weeks,
bgraphed with a hand ma-
Land sells four cents per coPM
aevoted to the problems facte men who work in the Ruf-
ilne. One of the working
edits the Star, and he and
Ull group of associates make
Reives  responsible for  clrcu-
the jiaper.
(es on  conditions  inside  the
k comments   on . the  relation
en   miners   ahd   the   labor
aent, reproduced labor car-
ahd   letters   from   miners
up the bulk of the paper.
issues i* contain  as  Uttle  as
1 words.    Others run as high
ve times that amount.    The
Se Issue consists of four large
,   mimeographed   on   both
paper is edited anonymous-
J.n a talk with the editor, I
"him':    "Can you get out a
ill paper of this kind and still
^your job in the mines?"
shrugged "fife    shoulders:
, is a risk we must all take,"
[then explained that a large
ler of papers are ordered and
7 for in advance. Others are
|d among the 2,400 men who
in the mine,
lh all of the labor involved in
|g, manufacturing and distri-
volunteered, the actual cost
lb paper, per issue, is $4.16.
loutlay buys paper, ink, etc.,
JOO   copies   of   a   four-page
ffar as the editors of the Ruf-
Star know, this is the first
k.per published by miners in
©to (Efltttttrg ffiaimr Htm*
Chamberlain Addresses.
His Fascist Comrades
British Labor in 1925
(By W. Milne-Bailey, Acting Secretary, Research Department, Trades
Durham Miners Win
jment Reveals
Blackshirts Broke
■IDON—In "Stubbs' Gazette,"
|cember  23,  It  ls announced
Mr.   Howard  and  a  Mr.
pson,   both   of   26   Charing
'Road, London, have had a
ly   Court   judgment   against
jjolntly for the sum of £21
item is Interesting because
(toward is president, and Mr.
pson is treasurer, of the Na-
: Fascisti.
libbs' Weekly Gazette and
Creditors"—to give its full
-is a semi-private period-
containing all bankruptcy
[and similar items for the
liatlon of credit firms, bank-
ad others. Its authority is
fck  shirts  and  revolvers  are
hive it would seem.
right arm  of Labor iB a
press.   Add power to this
Jy subscribing to THE CAN-
Court of Revision.
NOTICE   that   the   Assessment
of all rateable property in the
Vancouver,   whioh   will   form
Ks of municipal  taxation for the
p26,   has   heen   returned   to   me
nance  of  the  provisions  of  thi*
liver   Incorporation   Act,   1921,"
at   the ..samo   may   be   inspected
| offices   of  the   Assessment  Com-
Ir,   City   Hall,    Vancouver,   be-
lhe hours of  9  o'clock a.m. and
|i   each  day,   and  that  the  flrst
of the Court of Revision to re-
ualiie and correct the same, will
: on Friday, February 26th, 1926,
'clock  In the  forenoon,  in  the
Chamber,   at  the   Oity    Hall,
[Street,  Vancouver.
he   said  meeting   all   complaints
the assessment as made, by the
ir.   which   ahall   have   been   re-
I by me at leaat seven clear days
|o the date of the said meeting,
City Clerk.
(tall,  Vancouver,  B.C.,
15th,   1926.
T ONDON.—In sending the New
Year greetings of British Labor to comrades in other lands who
may read this, may I express the
hope that 1926 will see a far closer
understanding and a greater measure of real unity among the toiling
hosts of labor all over the world?
Trade Unionism
The gradual but sure revival
from the trade depression in 1924
led to a turn in the tide of wage
reductions, and in that year there
was on the whole a slight increase
in general wage rates. If 1925
failed ta live up to the promise of
1924 it at any rate confirmed the
forward impulse already given to
the Trade Union Movement, Trade
last year showed, no marked revival though what little* movement
occurred was in the right direction.
Trade Unionism also moved in the
right direction and at a more rapid
pace. For the first time since 1920
an increase in the number of organized workers was recorded.
The Trades Union Congress has as
its first aim the recovery of at
least its 1920 membership' and as
helping to this end has just inaugurated a nation-wide campaign to
organize women workers completely. This follows a similar campaign, which ls still In progress
and is meeting with great success,
among the large numbers of unorganized agricultural workers.
Meanwhile the movement to
amalgamate unions in the same industry has proceeded vigorously
and several big fusions await only
a formal vote of the membership.
Educationally the year has been
noteworthy for the decisions taken
by the Scarborough Conference
of the Trades Union Congress to
bring under its official care the
various Labor colleges and to recognize both the Workers' Educational Association and also the
Marxian organization (National
Council of Labor Colleges).
During the coming year detailed
schemes are to be worked out for
giving ekect to these decisions.
The Greatest Achievement
British Trade Unionism's greatest achievement, perhaps, in 1925
was its successful resistance to violent attacks on wage standards
In three great industries, namely,
Wool, Railways and Coal. The importance of the dispute in the last
of these, overshadowed almost everything else in the industrial
world and continues to do so. While
the Railroad and Wool Workers
were faced with a temporary depression the Miners have long been
aware that the Coal industry Is in
a really terrible condition. Convinced nevertheless that existing
methods of ownership and management were very largely responsible, they refused In June last to
consider the slightest reduction in
the already deplorable wages or
the slightest extension of working
hours. The first step must be a
drastic reform and reorganization
of the industry.
On the issue they appealed to
the whole Trade Union Movement,
with memorable results. Quite
spontaneously, and with the utmost enthusiasm, the movement
responded. The great Transport
Unions quickly worked out a
scheme for stopping all movement
of coal should the miners be locked out. The General Council of
the Trades Union Congress took
over, at the invitation of the miners, the conduct of the struggle
and the stage was set for the biggest industrial conflict in British
Industry. Anything might have
happened, but grave though the
situation was, the workers did not
flinch being determined to main
tain at least what, they had, little
as lt was. Premier Baldwin solved
the problem for the moment by
giving a subvention from the funds
of the State in order to maintain
the existing wage levels while enabling the coal owners to keep
their pits working. Then came the
Royal Commission on the Coal Industry—four men", with four assessors, who would work out a scheme
for the salvation of the industry
ln less than nine months. Now
Britain awaitg their proposals,, for
the subvention ends in May next,
as at present arranged, and circumstances are no different now
from what they were in June.
It is safe to say that a situation
of the greatest magnitude will face
the nation between now and next.
June. I propose "to send shortly
a summary of the Labor scheme,
as placed before the Commission,
for the public ownership and cooperation of the coal industry. It
is not on the lines of any previous
nationalization scheme proposed in
In the realm of politics the Locarno settlement has, of course,
been, tlie chief item. Labor, while
wholly in favdr of signing the,
agreement, has emphasized all the
time the fact that signing documents is useless unless there is behind everything the genuine desire
and will to carry out its terms In
the spirit as well as in the letter.
It would be fatal for people to imagine that peace and friendsihp in
Europe are assured because of the
Treaty signed in London at the beginning of December. All nations
and particualarly France, must
show that they are willing to back
up words by deeds, If in the forthcoming conferences on disarmament they do not, the world will
know what value to place on Lo-
carnOi That the lions artd wolves
will turn into Iambs the Labor
Movement does not seriously anticipate, knowing their history, and
therefore the fight against war
must contiue to be fought by the
Workers, Locarno notwithstanding.
Home Politics
In home politics the most note
worthy event has been the enactment of a law providing pensions
for widows and orphans and supplementing the existing old age
pensions scheme. The new scheme
comes into Operation at the beginning of this year artd is contributory, the Stato, employers and
workers all paying contributions as
they do under the Health and Unemployment   Insurance   schemes.
For the rest the Baldwin Government has done nothing. Unemployment has remained stationary,
the cost of living has remained
high despite the appointment of a
Food Council (with no executive
powers, be it noted), and Housing
has made slow progress under legislation  passed  in  previous  years.
On the whole 1925 has been a
year of stock-taking and internal
heart searchlngs In the political
Labor movement, and after all this
ls necessary at times in all movements.
LONDON—An   Illuminating   incident occurred during Sir Austen
Chamberlain's    visit    to    Rapallo
_     .            , , Which gives us a new view on the
Decision  in  Dispute foreign  secretary's   long-susrected
  affinity for a fascisti dictatorship
LONDON—The claim of work- when the workers of this country
ers at the Bolden and St Hilda make u8e of the industrial weapon
Collieries, Durham, has been sue- of unity af.'alnst the attacks of the
cessful after a third hearing.   In  boss-
the first place, it was ruled that H,s Ions seoret talks wlth M"s-
the men were out of work in con- soIm,, ,n whioh- it is rumored,
sequence of an industrial dispute plans wele lald for the Pursuance
and were not entitled to benefit. of an aseressive imperialist policy
A new claim was lodged, and it wlth the collaboration of fascist
was then decided that the men Italy* would aIso seem to have '"-
were entitled to benefit on the fused the spirlt of international
ground that the employers had tMcisn* into the naturally dlcta-
not withdrawn the notices termin- torlal blood of slr Austen,
ating contracts which were given *•*• deputation of fascists called
In the middle of July. upon him at Rapallo, no doubt In
In the.present hearing the um- order to congratulate him and h*.»
pire ruled again for the workers,   colleague's of the tory government
The Act of 1920 by section 7 on their suppression of free
precludes situations vacant speech and the liberty of the sub-
through a stoppage of work due Ject in Britain,
to a trade dispute being regarded He responded by presenting the
as " suitable employment" for fascists with a photograph of hlm-
other persons than those affected "elf, bearing the inscription: "To
by the dispute and equally pre- my Genoa comrades, with all best
vents the same employment being offered to the men who are
concerned in the dispute.
The umpire also finds that the
employers are not willing to reopen the colliery as if the notices
of mid-July had not been given
wishes." -
Birds of a feather plot together.
Sees West Virgina
Labor Coming Back
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
Labor's Latest Paper
Trade Unionism Organ
LONDON—"The fTrade Unionist," a new weekly newspaper will
make its first appearance at an
early date.
It will be devoted almost entirely to trade union and industrial
NEW YORK—Clinton Golden, news, and we welcome still an-
field representativt of Brookwood other voice to spread the gospel
Labor College, returns from a of working-class solidarity,
tour of West Virginia greatly en- The paper will be under the in-
couraged at the prospects for a dependent control of a group of
labor comeback. well-known   trade   unionist^   con-
Where the miners' union is nected with different industries.
broken Golden found men work- Richard Copock, the chairman of
ing ln many cases for less than the committee, is the general sec-
half union rates. The so-called retary of the National Federation
1917 scale—with wages stabilized of Building Trades Operatives, an
at  about   a  third   less  than  the  organization that fights consistent-
Jacksonville scale—is often  nothing but a scrap of paper. The non-
iy for unity 'both in that industry
and the whole trade union move-
union   companies  pay  much   less  ment.
often—whatever starving men will
work for.
Non-union miners are threaten-
The other members of the committee are W. H. Malnwarlng, W.
T.   A.   Foot,   Fred   Witcher,   Jack
ed  with  discharge if they report  Tanner and V. Brodzky.
doubtful gas conditions and so fa-      With such a committee as this
tal explosions occur.   Golden  was  we are assured a progressive, clean
in  West  Virginia  when   19   lives  and constructive outlook on trade
were   sacrificed   in   the   Jamison   union matters.
mine explosion near Fairmont and 	
he says a wave of indignation ran
through the state. It was the second terrible explosion since the
war on the Jacksonville pact began.
Golden   is   returning   to   West
James Maxton Stirs
Up a Hornet's Nest
LONDON—Addressing the Con-
grress of the Educational Insti-
Virglnia this March at the invit- tute o£ Scotland at Glasg*0w,
ation of the state federation to
put the case for workers' education before the 11 central labor Cambridge Universities he stirred
bodies. The idea of workers' edu- up a dragon wh,oh challenged
cation, as an aid in the fight, has  hlm to mortal combat>
.lames   Maxton,   M.   P.,   said   that
when    he   criticised    Oxford   and
gone over he says.    He found a
Judging    from    the    correspon
ds education committee in Char-  ence he had reoelved  £rom gl.ad_
leston  and   lt   made  the  meeting
there a success.
City craft unions are enterprising in  Charleston and  ln Wheel-
uates it seemed that he had
wronged thein. They were not so
decadent, for some of them had
a fine command of virile English,
Ing,  where  the open  shop  move-   ^...^  _ol||d not ])e exc,elled by a
ment was more complete, the out-   Billingsgate  porter.
look ls better than it has been for
several years. He found a Brookwood graduate, Leonard Craig,
now head of the moulders' union
and of the central body's education movement, which was recently formed.
Across the line in Ohio miners
BOSTON—A Building Trades
Alliance for .building tradesmen
from cities north of Boston has
been formed an8 will serve as a
clearing house for Jurisdictional
and other troubles. Carpenters,
electricians, painters, sheet metal
workera, plasters, plumbers and
steamfltters's unions participated
from Maiden, Melrose, Wakefield,
Stoneham, Reading, Winchester,
Medford and Wobum.
Mr. Maxton said it wns unfortunate that British education was
dominated by the ideals, aims, and
traditions of Oxford and Cambridge, where we were told there
was to be acquired a vague and
intangible something unobtainable
anywhere else—where they learn-
retain  union  wages  though  some p(,  to  „p]ay the  game.»
have been sliced. The miners there He had coma tQ tho conclusicm
are contributing $2.00 per man to tha.  the game these fellows prid.
the anthracite  strike  despite  the ed   themselves   on   wa8   that   of
mining     companies'
check it off.
refusal     to
"Beggar my neighbor."
Pass this copy to your shopmnte
and get him to subscribe.
Send In your subscription today.
NEW    YORK.— (FP) —Twelve
porters and  112 cleaning women ^ 	
struck in one of New York's sky- — '
scraper office buildings when their cash to $56 per month payable by-
employer discharged some of them check semi-monthly was also pro-
and attempted to make the others tested. Offices were left littered,
double up on the work. Tho change halls unmopped but the strikors
of wage payment from $10 weekly won with promise of cash paymetn. Page Eight
Friday, January 29, 195
Our Open Forum
"lVTOTHING but a goddam coal
factory" and "loading coal
by the acre instead of by the
ton" are miners' phrases quoted
by Carter Goodrich in his book,
The Miner's Freedom, to describe how the advance of machine production is pushing the
coaldigger down to the level of
an unskilled day laobrer. Goodrich shows simply and graphically the change from the old
independence of isolated work at
the face to the gang labor of
serving a. machine eight hours a
day under immediate supervision
of   a   boss.
In the first part of his book
Goodrich describes in some detail the unusual freedom of the
old time miner's work compared
with the average job in industry.
He refers to "the strong feeling
among the bosses as well as
among the workers, that the
miner is a sort of independent
petty contractor and that how
much he workB and when are
more his own affair than the
The prevailing freedom of the
miners, he points out, is in part
a matter of vigorous huamn tradition preserved at the gob piles
during delays in the supply of
cars and by public opinion in
communities populated almost entirely by miners. He sees the
union as the great bulwark of
this traditional independence
with the protection it gives the
miners against arbitrary discharge. The regular duties of
the men's mine committees have
carried them into active contact
with the operation of the mines.
He sees here a crystalization of
the miner's freedom in union
policies amounting to an interest
and share in management, including substitution of democratic group discipline for the arbitrary  discipline of the  boss.
From this picture of traditional freedom Goodrich turns
abruptly to the possible Fordizing
of coal mining following the
spread of machine production.
He quotes stateemnts from men,
urging this development, to the
effect that "the best mines are
coming more and more to be
organised like factories." He
cites the Oary mines' of the U. S.
Coal & Coke Co. with four times
the usual number of bosses,
which announces that the mine
foreman and his assistants "are
supposed to do the thinking for
the men." When complete ma-
chlnization of the miners is accomplished, Goodrich quotes, "the
man won't be a miner any more,
coming to work when he pleases;
he'll be a mechanic and he'll do
what he's told." He adds, "or an
unskilled   laborer."
But how about the union?
Theoretically it favors the introduction of labor-saving machinery but will it be able to handle
the situation when this machinery enables management to fill
the mines with green help while
at the same time the greater
productivity   reduces   the  number
of jobs? These questions Goodrich leaves open after quoting
the argument of T. A. Stroup, a
western mine*, superintendent, to
the effect that the complete mechanization of the mines would
be "a certain cure for "unionism."
This easily read book should
form a centre of discussion in
every miner local, for It presents the outstanding problem
which organized miners are facing today. Failure to deal with
the problem may well leave union miners stranded while the
industry moves bodily away to
nonunion   mines.
The Miner's Freedom, by
Carter Goodrich; Marshall Jones
Co.,   Boston,   $2.
Dawes' Plan Favored
by German Capitalists
The German capitalists have
made good during the first year's
operations of the Dawes' plan.
They have made good in several
ways. They have smashed the
workers down to the bread line—
cutting wages, increasing hours,
and breaking down the conditions
qf labor. They have also made
good in that their profits are' increasing, while they are building
up the nucleus of a system of
foreign trade which, if the Dawes'
plan lasts long enough, will place
Germany in a position to close up
half the factories 'of other nations.
Britain, France, and the other
nations may draw yearly reparation payments from Germany, but
it will be at the expense of their
own trade; for as Germany's export trade grows—and this has
to happen If Germany is allowed
to continue the reparation payments—unemployment increases
in the other nations as factory
after  factory closes Its doors.
Germany paid in her first year's
obligations, amounting to one billion gold marks, on the due date
—August 31. So well has the
Dawes' plan worked, that Germany could have paid this sum
as far back as November last
year had she been so disposed,
The big German industrialists are
behind the Dawes' plan to a man,
for under the scheme they are
profiteering middlemen, supplying
rich foreign markets that the
money-grabbing Allied Governments have to find for them in
order to collect the reparations.
They boast quite openly that the
Dawes" plan has only to last long
enough, and they will secure the
whole of Britain's foreign trade,
leaving that country but a skeleton, as far as-*trade is concerned.
It enables them* to undercut British products, and forge ahead In
the world markets. In steel alone
the product has almost doubled
in two years.—"A u s t r a 1 i a n
Headers of The Labor Advocate are
invited to send in letters for publication ln onr "Open Forum." Thla la
a "free for all." No communications
will be censored ao long aa writers
retrain from indulging in personalities. Letters should not exceed 260
words. Tha management of The Advocate asaumea no responsibility for
opinions expressed ln this'* apace.
■ -**.
Editor Labor Advocate:
Being an Old Country man I
was very Interested In the article
"The Week at Ottawa," which appeared in the January 15th issue
of  this  very interesting journal.
In view of the financial aspect
of the Dominion, and that there
are large numbers of men walking
about workless and starving, I
would suggest that the Ottawa government cut down expenses to a
considerable degree, namely, the
abolition of the Governor-Generalship, and the duties to be taken
over by the Prime Minister and
his successors, who can represent
the King by Royal proclamation;
the same applying to the provincial parliaments, where the Lieutenant-Governor appears to me to
be a costly and unnecessary figurehead. Also some of the minor Cabinet positions could be amalgamated and the money thus saved put
to increasing the industries in the
Dominion (particularly in the
west), and so make more Work
for everyone, besides making the
country more independent and reducing the cost of living.
I am not advocating a break
from England, but as Europe
seems to be so full of "Peace
Treaties" just, now, why not the
London government turn to and
make an Empire Pact by which
the  Dominions  would   be   bound
of Revision of the 1926 Assessment
Roll, will be held on Monday, the 8th
day of February, 1926, at 10 o'clock
in the forenoon, in tho Counoil Ohamber at the Municipal Hall, at Edmonds,
British  Columbia.
Edmonds,  B.C., January 22,   1926.
with   the  mother country,  as  Is
now the case.
I should like the Editor's opinion oft this subject and perhaps
some of the many readers of the
ADVOCATE could suggest some
other plan which will attain the
same result, viz. DRASTIC ECC
OMY   at   Ottawa "in   conjunct
with  the  provincial  capitals,
work with a living wage for
unemployed. R*^
EDITOR'S   NOTE:—See   edi
ial for reply.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw it in the
The Highest Grade
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Vacuum - Grip
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from 20 Varieties
or Write and Our Salesman
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470 Granville Street
Helps Those Who Help Themselves
piGGLY WIGGLY prices are consistently low.   Every artlclei
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give entire satisfaction or your money will be refunded with-***
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be beat.   Black or Tan, Plain or with Toe Cap.. *POeo**aJ
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163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library


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